rTHE UNIVERSITYO C T O B E 19 4 4THEUNIVERSITYOF CHICAGOLIBRARYLH tW ¦ 3 f ¦LETTERS FROMOur ship took part in the recent invasion of southern France; that is,we evacuated casualties directly fromthe beachhead to our hospital ship.This is the first time, to my knowledge, that a hospital ship ever functioned in the capacity of an evacuation hospital. Nine operating tablesmanned by nine surgical teamsworked almost continuously for 72hours. I am sure Billings would beproud of the caliber of surgery doneunder such trying conditions. Recently I spent a day with HarwellWilson (surgical resident at Billingsin 1935) whom I chanced to meet inItaly. Also met Dr. Bruce Hollister,class of '32, in Italy.Major Alven M. Weil, '28, MD '32Army Hospital ShipI've moved with this fighting division from Ft. Benning, throughCarolina maneuvers, to Africa, fromCasablanca to Bizerte, to England,and now in France. The history ofthis division has recently been released to the press. It is a privilegeto have a little part in these pastand future victories in France andsoon, I hope, in Germany. All isinteresting to me from the standpointof travel and the functioning of agreat army. I shall be glad to seethe end of this killing and unnaturallife. Two years from the states istoo long.Capt. Roland C. Olsson, '37, MD '40FranceI've done front line surgery in theTunisian and Sicilian campaigns, butthis is the roughest of the lot. Wewaded ashore at noon on D-day andhave been busy ever since. Here atthe front we practically limit ourselves to abdominal and chest surgery; the other cases can stand transportation to larger installations further back. A lot of good Americanboys get badly hurt, but thanks towhole blood, sulfanilamide, and penicillin we can save a surprising percentage.Capt. Nathan C. Plimpton, Jr.,34, MD ''37FranceAfter two years more or less in"the garden spot of the North Atlantic," Iceland, and a short interludein England, I've now arrived somewhere in France. At the presentmoment am bivouacked in an oldabbey and the monks would neverrecognize their old home. At themoment a strong back is far more WORLD FRONTSnecessary than an A.B. degree; however, one never knows when a coursein the humanities might help, particularly in the debate that so manyFrenchmen must be having withthemselves when they see a war whichwill restore their liberties but whichin so many cases has wiped out thematerial things of life. Accompaniedby "a short guide to French" youcan occasionally pick up some fresheggs or even by dint of great gesticulations a chicken itself. However, Istill prefer mine at a Chicago grocery store.Capt. Jack Witkowsky, '37, MBA '38FranceWould that I could tell you ofthrilling adventures or interestingwork, but it would be prevaricationfor me to cover the everlasting ennuiof this existence with the swish ofcloak and sword. We do our work,when there's any to be done, andspend the rest of our time trying tofind new and more fiendish ways ofmaking the everlasting hours move.We've encountered plenty of potables everywhere we've gone, but I'dtrade all of it for a glass of beer atthe U. T. I haven't met a U. of C.man or woman since basic training,and I don't expect to encounter anynow.Pvt. H. B. Goldberg, '44FranceGreetings from southern France.The current copy of Private Maroonwas received in the first delivery ofmail here in my unit. The invasionalong the Riviera has expanded rapidly from the original beachhead.Perhaps by the time you get this wewill have joined the forces fromnorthern France. The French Forcesof the Interior have given much aid.They free areas in advance of thefront lines and clear other areas previously by-passed. This card is for"Feldpost" and was taken from rubble left in the building our sectionoccupies.Lt. C. E. Eiler, AM '36France[Lt. Eiler's note was typed on a 4x6card with the word Feldpost imprinted inlarge type on the address side and withlines to be filled in for Dienstgrad, Name,Feldpost Nr. oder Post, and Ab sender. —Editor]I am with the UNRRA BalkanMission, stationed at present in theMiddle East. Our status is that ofcivilians working with the Allied Mil itary Mission in the Balkans. I havea temporary rank of major but nouniform as yet, though we will probably have to don them when we leavehere for the theater of operations.Jim Harakis, JD '36, is here withhis guitar and bag of songs, and JudAllen, '39, is here with FEA.Marie Cole Berger, '35, JD '38BalkansJust returned from three yearsof oversea duty — Oahu, Australia,Goodenough Islands, New Guinea,Hollandia campaign. Came back onthe rotation plan for reassignment.When the native gals start lookingright it's time to come home — a convenient yardstick in the SWPA.Capt. Daniel D. Stok, '36Ft. Sam HoustonHaving a little rest after being atSaipan and Tinian. The Marshallscampaign was relatively easy compared to Saipan, which is getting intothe Nip's backyard.w . Lt. Dick Freriks, MD '35MarinesGreetings from India. Three little Private Maroons arrived last week,after first stopping in on four of myprevious stations. I shared them withLt. James McMahon, Maroon swimmer about five or six years ago. Ona trip I took last week I met analumnus at Calcutta and another atLedo. Sorry I lost their names.U. of C. is all over the world, whichis as it should be.T ,. Lt. Ralph Lewis, '32IndiaGreetings from that intriguing"somewhere in England" address.It's really wonderful country — thepeople, the season, every phase ofthis existence is novel and excitingand I love it. I've been assigned toa clubmobile unit which consists ofserving coffee, donuts, and smiles tothe U. S. troops. In my estimationit's the highest paid job in the world,and really does give you a marveloussense of satisfaction to do this work.The hours are long and sometimescould be quite tedious, but alongabout then some G.I. from Oregonor Alabama beams a "Gee — thanks,"at you and you're good for anotherday's work.Received the 31 July copy of Private Maroon with open arms. Infact, I received the last copy in themiddle of the noon meal and foundmyself ignoring the food in preference to reading the Private. This isby no means a suggestion that the{Continued on inside back cover)NOSTALGIATHE murals in the entrance hallof Bartlett Gymnasium againgreet undergraduate studentsafter two years in the service of UncleSam's Navy.Mr. A. C. Bartlett, a trustee of theUniversity until his death in 1922,gave this building at the turn of thecentury in memory of his son, FrankDickinson, who died at the end of hissophomore year at Harvard. Frank'solder 'brother, Frederic Clay, was theartist who painted these murals in hisbrother's memory. The murals represent an athletic tournament in theMiddle Ages, the period which alsoinfluenced the architecture of thebuilding.Opposite the murals and directlyabove the entrance is a large memorial window composed of 15,000pieces of glass. This window was thegift of W. G. Hibbard, a partner inMr. A. G. Bartlett's wholesale hardware firm. The window records thecrowning of Ivanhoe by Rowena following the second day's tournamentat Ashby de la Zouche.The cornerstone of Bartlett Gymnasium was laid in November, 1901.The dedication was in January, 1904.Since then it has doubled in brass forConvocations; the Washington Prom;the Northern Baptist Convention; theChicago Symphony Orchestra; andrecently as a home for Naval units.THIS MONTH YESTERYEAROctober, 1900 — Chauncey Depewspoke in Hull Court on the political issues of the day.October, 1907 — James Weber Linnleft for Boston to spend his accumu- THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOMAGAZINEVolume 37 October, 1944 Number IPUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONCHARLTON T. BECK, EditorHOWARD W. MORTAssociate Editor BEATRICE J. WULFAssociate Editor SYLVESTER PETROAssistant EditorIN THIS ISSUE PAocThe Home Front Battle After the War, Donald R. Richberg 3Tapping the Underground, Manila Waite Freeman 6Oklahoma, C. W. Tomlinson --- 8One Man's Opinion, William V. Morgenstern ------ 10Documentary Films on the Midway, Edward T. Myers - - - 11News of the Quadrangles, Chet Opal 13With Our Alumni in Portland, Oregon -------- 16News of the Classes 20The Cover — Avenue of Arches. A Gothic vista from theSocial Science Building past Harper MemorialLibrary to Goodspeed Hall. Louis C. Williams photo.Published by the Alumni Association of the University of Chicago monthly, from Octoberto June. Office of Publication, 6733 University Avenue, Chicago 87, Illinois. Annual subscription price $8.00. Single copies 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, atthe Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. The Graduate Group, Inc.,30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City, is the official advertising agency of the Magazine.lated four quarters' leave on theeditorial staff of the Youth's Companion.October, 1913 — The city councilrenamed Jefferson Avenue HarperAvenue, honoring the University'sfirst President.October, 1915 — Harold H. Swift,'07, became the first alumnuselected to the Board of Trustees. October, 1918 — Fraternity housesand the west stands were convertedinto living quarters for the soldiersof the Student Army TrainingCorps.October, 1921— John Gunther, '22,became literary critic for the DailyMaroon.October, 1924 — The Prince of Walesentered Hutchinson Court, whichwas packed with students, and wasgreeted by, "Yea, Wales! Yea,Wales! [7 rahs] Who Wales, WhoWales, Yea Wales, Wales, Wales!"October, 1925 — Cornerstone of theBillings Memorial Hospital was laidby Frank Billings, nephew of Dr.Albert Merritt Billings, in whosememory the hospital was named.October, 1932 — International House,on the old Del Prado Hotel site,was formally opened.1THE NEW PRESIDENTTHE newly elected president of the University of Chicago Alumni Association isWrisley Bartlett Oleson of the Class of 1918.Wrisley was active in more than classroom workin his undergraduate days. A member of DeltaUpsilon, his major interests lay in the publications field. In his junior year he was managingeditor of Cap and Gown and associate editor ofthe Chicago Literary Magazine; in his senioryear, editor of The Chicagoan.After graduation he served an apprenticeshipin the investment field, but soon joined the AllenB. Wrisley Company, well known manufacturers of soaps and toiletries. His rise in that organization was rapid and for eighteen years hehas been its president. He has demonstratedhis loyal interest in the University in many waysand has served as secretary and as president ofthe Chicago Alumni Club and as a member ofthe Alumni Council.iIn 1922 he married Harriet Curry, a ChiRho, Nu Pi, and Phi Beta classmate in College.They have one son, Dunlap, who is now celebrating his sixth year at the University and is ajunior in the School of Medicine. The Olesonslive in Glen Ellyn, where the head of the houseserves on the local board of education.nPODAY we are living for tomorrow. As never before in ourA time our thought, our work is for the future. Our hearts arearound the world in a thousand flaming fears. The immediatetask must be done swiftly, accurately, that tomorrow will comethe quicker.Symbolic of the future we strive for is our University. We haveawakened to the consciousness of its great force for freedom,which must endure. We again realize that intellectual independence is the priceless right that must be preserved for our countryand our children. It is the soul of our University. This we arefighting for. This we will have.Wrisley B. OlesonTHE HOME FRONT BATTLEAFTER THE WAR® By DONALD R. RICHBERG, '01Irresponsible freedom,artificial superiority,preferential justiceIN THE midst of a world-wide struggle for humanfreedom, we learn the ancient truth that liberty isgained and held only by restraints upon liberty. Asa free people we voluntarily give our lives and fortunesand we draft men and money for war. But military service and discipline and heavy taxes must be enforcedagainst individual men. They cannot be left free tomeasure their own sacrifice.Why do we not conscript the service of all workers inthis time of war? The soundest reason is that this wouldrequire government management of practically all business, because free men and women cannot be made intoenslaved workers for private masters. Of course, wre mightbe compelled to regiment ourselves completely, and tostop free enterprise for the duration, in order to save ourliberties from destruction by foreign foes. But, as a freepeople, we will avoid this dangerous program as longas possible.It is disheartening, however, to see that, even duringa desperate struggle for national existence, we continue towaste precious time and energy in a self-serving strugglebetween management and labor. Only the tremendouseffort of high-minded leaders in government and amongemployers and employees has prevented this evil strugglefrom degenerating into widespread civil warfare behindthe battlefront. A multitude of short-sighted people onboth sides has no real understanding of the fact thatindividual freedom and free enterprise can only be preserved by those who are ready and willing to maintainorder and discipline so that they can work effectivelytogether. These quarreling people commonly expect toreceive the services of others as a right, while repudiatingany corresponding duty to serve others.We hear labor voices demanding assurances of employment and a high standard of living, and claiming atthe same time an unlimited right to stop or disorganizebusiness and to enforce regulations that reduce production and actual earnings.We hear management voices demanding a one-sidedfreedom to plan and control manpower as well as moneypower, without accepting their obligation to gain thesupport of government and labor, whose voluntary cooperation is indispensable.The compulsions of wartime have only suppressed this rancorous dispute. They have not provided for its solution or even for a substantial moderation. There is aclear prospect that the home-front armies will mobilizeand march against each other as soon as the war ofliberation is won.At the moment, I would suggest that we try to lookbehind the worried faces of managers and workers, behind the disagreements, the hatreds, the schemes and ambitions of individuals, and try to see what there is incommon thinking, in popular ideas, that is driving thesemen apart. There are times when a common emotion,a clear recognition of common interest, brings men together in a wonderful harmony of thought and action.There are times when all emotions and self-interest seemto drive men apart. What is the bad idea that has takencontrol of our labor relations? Now that we have theeconomic ability to end so much suffering and sorrowthat for centuries have seemed inevitable, now that sucha great advance in health and happiness could be achievedby so many people, why do we keep turning away fromworking together and spend more and more time fighting one another?There may be many answers to this question. But Iwould ask you now to consider one which is neither common nor popular, but which is worth your attention.The Cult of the Superior Rights of InferiorsA few streams of unsound thinking have risen andflowed together in recent years to make a great, swollenriver of bad ideas that threatens to flood and devastatethis land of ours. Out of the original concepts of freedom, equality, and justice have developed demands for(1) freedom without responsibility, (2) equality regardless of fact, and (3) justice as absolution for sin. Thesedemands coalesce in a cult which has many devotees andwhich can be fairly described as the cult of those claiming superior rights for inferiors.This statement may arouse antagonism — by its apparent assumption that some persons are superior to others,Donald R. Richberg, composer of "Song of the C" and"Flag of Maroon," author of numerous books, prominentChicago and Washington attorney with vast experiencein federal and labor legislation, was the speaker at theannual Washington Alumni Club dinner. His speech wasdestined to attract favorable attention far beyond thenational capital. From a lawyer serving in the Pacificarea came a typical response: "It was easily the sanestspeech made this year by anyone and put into words justwhat people out here are thinking."34 THE UNIVERSITY OFand that apparently the speaker regards himself as a superior person! This sounds like Nazi philosophy. Thefact is that the Nazi — or Fascist— claims of superiority andthe rights of a master race have produced a strong reactionary swing to an equally insane line of thinking. According to this new doctrine, since all persons must beregarded as equal, those who are in obviously inferiorpositions must be given superior rights so that they canmaintain their claimed equality with their actualsuperiors.Equality. — Let us have a few moments of sane discussion of "equality."If this is to be "the century of the common man," letus understand whether we intend to glorify the commonman by enlarging his opportunity to advance 'himself, orby preventing any uncommon man from achieving morethan mediocrity.No one has ever been fool enough to claim that allpersons are equal in mental or physical powers. Everyshade of brain power from imbecile to scientific genius,every variety of muscular skill from clumsy plodder todeft mechanic or agile athlete, provides proof positiveof inequalities in capacity. But there is a democraticprinciple of equality of opportunity which is sane andlogical. The whole virtue of this principle is: Let inequality be demonstrated and determined as a fact. Donot impose an artificial inequality by law, either as abirthright or a special privilege. The purpose of "equalitybefore the law" is not to create or maintain a fictitiousequality, but to establish social and economic inequalitieson the basis of genuine differences.How absurd to compete for prizes and then take themaway and deny credit to the winners so as to maintain thesilly pretense that all contestants were equally good!The claim of a "master race" or a "superior people"is fraudulent. Biological and anthropological science aswell as historical knowledge prove the claim a fraud. Butsome individuals are superior; and it is entirely reasonable to claim that some communities or nations are, asa whole, superior to others, as a whole. Of course theclaim may be disputed. But faith in oneself and one'scompanions is essential to progress. We must believe thatin some ways our course and our results are better.Otherwise thinking and planning become sterile.Then there are inequalities of position which give attimes superior rights to persons who may be inferior totheir subordinates in a hundred ways, but whose temporary superiority of position must be recognized. Thetraffic policeman has a superior right to tell you whereand when to move. The salesman behind his counter hasone superior right over the customer. He is in control ofthe goods and the cash register. The works manager orthe foreman has a superior right over the wage-earnerto direct what work shall be done and how and when.None of these superior rights makes the other partyinferior except to the extent that he is actually in aninferior position. The automobile driver is only subject tothe policeman's orders when he comes within the sphere of CHICAGO MAGAZINEDonald Richberg at the Fiftieth Anniversary exhibit of books by alumni authors.his authority. The customer is only inferior to the salesman on one side of the counter. The worker may haveequal or superior rights in bargaining, in fixing the termsof his employment. But the management must have, andbe free to exercise, a superiority in bossing the job. Togive the inferior position a superior right of control isworse than wrong. It is ridiculous.Freedom. — Now consider "freedom." Real freedom isn'tan absolute right. It is the product of self-control. The"freedom" of an irresponsible person is like the liberty ofa child. It can be only a strictly limited freedom, regulated by a superior who accepts responsibility for thechild's conduct and welfare. When people seek libertywithout self-discipline, only a paternalistic, tyrannicalgovernment can take care of them.Justice. — Justice for all people does not include forgiveness of wrongdoing. If no one paid a penalty for wrong,there would be anarchy and increasing rewards of evil.If only some are forgiven, that means injustice to thosewho are punished. There must be rules of penalty andcompensation for wrong which are enforced universally.A modern tendency to find social responsibility for allbad conduct is a denial of justice to the law-abiding. Thisdoes infinite harm to weak, anti-social persons. They areencouraged in wrong, just as doles encourage idleness.We have gone too far in seeking unearned "freedom,"because of the persistence of tyranny. We have gone toofar in seeking unearned "equality," because of the persistence of oppression and inherited handicaps. We havegone too far in seeking unearned "justice," because ofthe persistence of so much avoidable injustice.But now we are facing the great evils of an attempt toestablish an all-responsible government for an irresponsible people. It simply cannot be done. A perfect exampleT H E UNIVE R SITY OF CHICAGO M A G A ZINEof this vain effort is provided by the present confusedrelations of government, management, and labor.Government^ Management, and LaborFor many years labor leaders sought to restrain theautocratic powers of management by creating a counteracting or balancing power in labor unions. The maineffort was to build up the economic strength of organizedmen to equal the economic strength of organized 'money.In this struggle government for a long time gave potentaid to management, because of the public duty to preserve law and order and to protect property rights.Then organized labor began to mobilize its politicalpower — the voting strength of the masses. Governmentbecame the ally of the workers and an active force torestrict and weaken the economic power of management.Right here began a major blunder in public policy. Thecreation or the grant of power without correspondingresponsibility is an economic or political sin. Any soundplan for economic or political progress must avoid thisevilA glaring weakness in our capitalist economy had beenthe irresponsible power of organized money. As the minorpower of a millionaire had grown into the major powerof a billion dollar corporation, there had been no corresponding increase of social obligations. Yet self-preservation did impose upon this money power a strong interestin order and discipline, and a moderate, even though asecondary, interest in the general welfare.But when government lent its great aid to increasingthe economic strength of the workers, it tolerated andactually encouraged a private interest in disorder anddisregard for the general welfare. It created and sustained a legalized right in the workers to disorganize production and distribution as the way to self-advancement.Management was not merely forbidden to interfere withlabor organization, but was made legally helpless to bossthe job and to insure the fulfillment of the public dutiesof private enterprise.As a result, in order to meet its own obligations to thegeneral welfare, government was forced constantly tointervene as a peacemaker between the fighting forces oflabor and management. Finally, in a time of war, government had to beseech the workers and to order themanagers to work together in order to furnish essentialsupplies to the defenders of the nation, fighting againstforeign enemies.The present weaknesses in our political economy flowlargely from this major blunder in public policy; ourfailure, as a government, to require that a legal obligation to serve the general welfare shall always rise to thelevel of any legalized power to affect the general welfare.This blunder has been partly cancelled in time of warby a temporary assertion of the supreme authority of military command. But when military authority ends andonly civil authority remains, we shall face the urgentchoice between an impotent government, bewailing thecivil warfare which has been encouraged by the great blunder, or a strong government which, regardless ofthe Sewell Averys and John Lewises, will assert the supremacy of law and the public interest over the self-serving aggression of any government-defying private interest. The motives of an Avery or a Lewis, however lofty,do not alter the fact that defiance and obstruction' of constituted authority is a revolutionary act.Of course any government will be denounced as fascistor communist or reactionary or radical, which demandsthat the law and the general welfare shall be upheldregardless of selfish demands for anarchistic freedom,fictitious equality, and sentimental justice.The cult of "Superior Rights for Inferiors35 has manyfollowers. Time-worn ideas of self-reliance, self-support,and self-discipline do not appeal to a multitude ofshirkers and leaners and borrowers and illiterates whocast their ballots in favor of the seductive program: "Letsomebody take care of me today and let somebody elseworry about tomorrow."Demagogues may lead astray a host of weak-mindedpersons with the claim that democracy should bringto the masses an irresponsible freedom, an artificial superiority, and a preferential justice. But I am confidentthat this idiot's dream will never become a dominatingillusion in America. I believe that the majority of theAmerican people are still faithful to the ideals of freedomunder law, equality of opportunity, and justice withoutfear or favor. In that faith, the home front battle afterthe war should be won by those sane idealists upon whomthe whole world must rely for any lasting victory in theworld-wide war of liberation.REASONABLE REQUESTSFROM Major John C. Dinsmore,Jr., '33, came this correction:"My present assignment is Inspector General of the 69th Infantry Divisiosio Although 1 mayhave been accused of it onoccasion, the title is not !Sus-pector Genera!" as you have iton your mailing list. This littlematter has provided my officeforce no small amount of amusement."From Captain George M.Watrous, a33H came a note pointing out that he receives twocopies of "Private Maroon" eachmonth — one addressed to theabove and the other to CorporalGeorge M. Wairous.From Navy Lieutenant Beverly A. Cope, MD B43, camethe suggestion that he would appreciate it if we addressedhim as Mr., not Miss, on any occasion when we do not usehis Navy or medical title.TAPPING THE UNDERGROUND• By MARILLA WAITE FREEMAN, '97Last spring we learned that Miss Freeman was in NewYork "tapping the underground" and we asked her totell us the story. Crowded jrom our June pages we feelit is still newsworthy and may lead to other tips from ourreaders as to additional material for Miss Freeman. —Editor.WHEN the history of World War II comes to bewritten, its best sources, ' as with spring water,will lie deepest beneath the surface. It is inthe hope that some of my fellow alumni overseas or athome will help me to tap these hidden sources, that I amaccepting the invitation to tell briefly of the search I ampursuing.After my resignation from the librarianship of theCleveland Main Library and return to New York, I wasasked to serve as New York representative of the Cleveland Public Library; my special function is to aidin building up an important World War II Library forCleveland as a focal point of the Middle West. NewYork, first port of call of the European refugee, is alsothe place to which underground papers and letters fromall the warring nations first find their way. It is this material which I am seeking to collect and preserve for future research.At the moment when I began my search, the Island ofMartinique, then in the public eye, was still in the toilsof Vichy France, and authentic documentary information on the situation was most difficult to secure. However, a file of such a special publication had come intothe possession of an anonymous French resident of NewYork. Through the kind offices of one of the organizedFrench information centers, I was enabled to borrowthis material, to have it microfilmed at the New YorkPublic Library, and thus to secure authentic copies forboth the Cleveland and the New York public libraries.Indispensable throughout has been the cooperation ofthe latter institution, whose world war collection wasunder way long before that of Cleveland.The New York Public Library had access to valuablePolish underground newspapers and documents. Photostat copies of these papers were transmitted to Cleveland, not through the mails but by a staff member ofthe Cleveland Public Library returning to that city, underwritten pledge of the librarian that such material wouldbe kept under lock and key, and its use not allowed tillthe close of the war. It is from such documentarysources, with names, dates, places, and photographs whichthe eye can scarcely bear to look upon, that Germany'sguilt in Poland will be irrefutably proven.The indomitable and articulate quality of French resistance is indicated by the fact that the Cleveland library has already in its comparatively young collection filesof over a hundred French underground newspapers. Manyothers of the two hundred or more known to be secretlycirculated in France are still to be unearthed. Withsuch famous titles as Combat, L'Humanite, and Liberation, completeness is aimed at, and copies especially ofthe earlier issues — in the case of L'Humanite as far backas 1939 — will be eagerly welcomed.Original copies of all underground material are ofcourse specially desirable, but loan of originals for photostat, photogravure, or microfilm reproduction is next bestand most usual. One French emigree came in personwith her treasured originals to meet me at the New YorkPublic Library, there to receive personal assurance fromthe head of the photostat division that all handwrittennames, addresses, and similar marks would be blocked outin the photostating process. Two days later I met her,again at the Public Library, to return the precious originals to her care and to show her the photostats withidentifying marks deleted.A German refugee whose first underground leafletswere dated as far back as 1933 treasured them so jealouslythat she insisted upon being present at the actual photostating process, recovering them as soon as the work wascompleted. We could scarcely wonder at this hoveringcare. Many of these precious leaflets, small enough to bechewed and swallowed quickly should the Gestapo appear and printed by German exiles in France on the thinnest of India paper, had been placed in bottles andcarried by known currents of the Rhine to the GermanMiss Freeman at the opening of an exhibit on underground Europe at Freedom House in New York, organizedby the American Labor Archive and Research Institute.6shore. There they were drawn from the river by watchful underground "fishermen," and surreptitiously passedfrom hand to hand. Similar tiny pamphlets, with suchinnocent misleading titles as "Schopenhauer on Religion,"but full of revolutionary dynamite within, had been written and printed by German exiles in Prague, long beforeMunich, and smuggled back across the Elbe River orover the mountains for secret distribution to the Germanunderground.That there is "another Germany" than the Germanywe are fighting, it is the ardent wish of the refugee owners of such papers to prove. It was in one of these smallGerman leaflets that I saw the first crude conversion ofthe Nazi swastika into the anti-Nazi emblem now usedby the Norwegian underground and others — the crookedcross hanging from a scaffold.Through an intricate web of addresses each leading toseveral others, I have climbed the stairs to many a smallcache of such treasured material which had reached thiscountry in devious ways, often hidden in clothing, within suitcases, or on the person. Sometimes the ownercould speak only German, and from the subconscious pastof college days, I was forced to dig up enough of thatrich and gutteral language to make my errand understandable. Once it was Czech material, once Austrian,but the German language was still our only meetingground.Belgian, Dutch, Greek, Yugoslav, Scandinavian, andother sources have as yet only begun to be tapped, for itis known that some eight hundred underground newspapers have circulated secretly throughout Europe. NewYork consulates and information centers of the variouscountries, as well as the United Nations InformationOffice, have been most cooperative in our search. Contributions from the underground channels of all the countries involved in the world struggle will be invaluable tothe World War Library of Cleveland, a city which isitself the American center for many of these old worldgroups.To challenge their interest, the Cleveland Public Library has issued to the men and women of the armedforces a small circular bearing the following request:YOU ARE MAKING HISTORY. WILL YOU HELPTO WRITE IT?You, better than anyone else, can collect material whichwill be needed by those who will write the story of yourfight for freedom. The Public Library of Cleveland,Ohio, is collecting books and other articles for a Libraryof World War II. Here is a list of the things that wewould like to have:Newspapers of the warring nations, especially of thesecret, or underground pressWar posters, handbills, leaflets, camp and army papers and any printed material in any languagePhotographs and films of all kindsPolitical and propaganda cartoonsLetters from those who have been in actionGive us, please, all information you think useful for a The Day Is Coming! Not a day has passed without the Germans in Norway feeling the work ofthe Norwegian opposition. One morning Osloawoke with this poster glaring from hundreds ofwalls all over the city.true appreciation of whatever material you may send;papers, leaflets and other printed matter should be dated,if possible; who gave them to you should be specified;when and where they were published or appeared, andfor whom they were intended.Send What You Can to the Cleveland Public Library,Cleveland, OhioIn response, many items have already found their wayto Cleveland. An interesting group of British and American propaganda material used in North Africa, Sicily,and South Italy came from Sergeant Vachel LindsayBlair, a former member of the Cleveland library staff, andother posters in many languages, particularly Arabianand Italian, handbills, leaflets, and the like. He had theexcellent idea to send the contents of a wastebasket foundin the house of the local Fascio in Derna. As to Armyand camp newspapers, the library now receives over fourhundred weekly, chiefly from United States camps, butfrom the various theaters of war as well.If any of our Chicago alumni, at home or in foreignparts, wherever this magazine is read, may have accessto such materials as herein described and will send themto this writer in care of the acquisition division of theNew York Public Library, New York 18, or preferablydirect to the Cleveland Public Library, Cleveland 14,Ohio, marked "For World War Library," they will bedeeply appreciated, carefully acknowledged, preserved,and prepared for future use by the historian. In case ofnon-confidential items, they may be displayed in currentexhibits, for which the Cleveland Public Library has special facilities. Suggestions of sources to which the writermay apply will also be welcomed.7OKLAHOMA• By C. W. TOMLINSON, Ph.D. '16A happy andfruitful cornerof AmericaANY Chicago alumni have aided in the development of the Sooner State. Most of themhave remained to become permanent citizensof this pioneer commonwealth, building homes and rearing families there, and playing successful, useful, andhappy parts in its productive life. They are proud ofOklahoma.No state has been the victim of more derogatory publicity in recent years. Oklahoma has been berated forreckless exhaustion of its oil and soil, for mistreatmentof the Indians, for its relative poverty, and for lagging inits expenditures for education. It has been excused as avictim of exploitation by eastern capital. What are someof the facts?Oklahoma's effort in support of education bears nearlythe same ratio to the national average as her ability tosupport it. New York leads the states in per capita expenditures for education. But because of her large wealthand relatively small number of school children, NewYork's rating for educational effort is less than half ashigh as her rating for ability to support it. NeitherIllinois, California, nor any of the New England states,though each provides more adequate and expensive education than Oklahoma, ranks as high in effort as inability to do so.Oklahoma has only 9 per cent as much wealth asNew York, but has 25 per cent as many children ofschool age. In proportion to her means, Oklahoma hasalmost three times as many children as New York, andalmost twice as many as Illinois. Therefore she cannotspend as much per child. Yet in adequacy of educationactually provided, Oklahoma does 92 per cent betterthan the most laggard state. Her rank among the statesin that respect (36th) is almost exactly the same as herrank in wealth per child (35th). (See "Problems in Financing the Common Schools of Oklahoma," by John F.Bender, Bond Printing Company, Oklahoma City, 1941.A report to the governor of the state and to the directorsof the Oklahoma Education Association. Tables 3, 4, 11.)Oklahoma has no poll tax. By constitutional provision,its relatively small Negro population is assured of anequal per capita share in educational appropriations.Segregation is practiced in schools and public vehicles,but the state endeavors to offer equal opportunity to all.Excellent consolidated rural schools are provided for thecolored districts as well as the white, and there are goodcity schools and a state university for colored people. In order to provide better postgraduate instruction thancould be arranged at this institution for the small numberof students who now wish it, the state pays tuition forqualified Oklahoma Negroes desiring to pursue theirstudies beyond the standard bachelor's degree, in anyAmerican university they may select.Oklahoma in 1915 passed the first oil conservation lawin the United States. Illinois does not have one yet andhas been more severely criticized in recent years than anyother state for its bad practices in oil production. Oklahoma also led in the effort to extend and correlate stateconservation activities by organization of the InterstateOil Compact.Illinois oil production has dropped 42 per cent inthree years from its peak in 1940 to its 1943 total. FromOklahoma's peak in 1927, this state dropped only 22 percent in the first three years; and after sixteen years hasdropped only 56 per cent. It is now producing half againas much as Illinois; and new discoveries, conservativelydeveloped, are increasing Oklahoma's yield once more.Which state has exhausted this natural resource morerecklessly?Oklahoma ranks fourth among all the states in currentoil production, and fifth in value of all minerals produced.It is our largest producer of zinc, and its coal mining industry is rapidly expanding. Oklahoma smokeless coal ismoving to St. Louis to reduce that city's smokiness, andher coking coal supplies the blast furnaces of the new eastTexas iron industry.In aggregate value of products, from farm, mine, oilfield, and forest, plus value added by oil refining and ahost of smaller but varied and growing manufacturingenterprises, Oklahoma's production per capita exceedsthe U. S. average. (Goode's School Atlas, Rand McNallyand Company, Chicago, 1943, pp. 60-61.) The accumulated wealth in this young state has not yet reached sohigh a mark, but it already is close to the national average per capita; though not, as above noted, in wealth perchild, because of its higher proportion of children. Highfreight rates have handicapped industrial growth in Oklahoma. Increased industrial freight traffic would justifylower rates; but the latter would help to bring about thatincrease, as the high rates retard it. So far as is humanlypossible, all parts of the country should be treated alikein this matter.Oklahoma has outstripped Illinois many times over ineffort so far expended on soil conservation measures. TheSooner State has no thick glacial deposits such as thoseOklahoma citizen, geologist, and oil producer, C. W.Tomlinson cites chapter and verse to answer UniversityPress Editor Brandt's article on Oklahoma which appearedin the May issue of the Magazine.8THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 9which blessed most of Illinois with correspondingly deepand easily renewable soils; nor, contrary to popular impression outside the state, does she possess such an extentof level tillable land as that which is so fruitful, and solittle subject to erosion, in Illinois, Oklahoma's rainfallis more variable and more inclined to brief torrentialintensity; and in the western part of the state is inadequate to support a dense or continuous cover of vegetation. Her thinner, more sloping, less protected soils therefore were depleted rapidly in the years before soil conservation practices such as terracing and contour plowingwere introduced. These are far more general now inOklahoma than in Illinois. The more rapid depletion ofSooner soils was the result not of more reckless or evendifferent methods from those practiced by Illinois farmersbut simply of natural conditions which Oklahoma farmers are learning how to combat, and are fighting withsuccess.It is said that much of Oklahoma's cultivated landshould never have been broken by the plow, but left inpasture to minimize erosion. Yet this is the same landwhich in well-watered years led all the states in wheatproduction. In the severe drought of the thirties unplowedland in the Panhandle was as desert-bare as any that wastilled. With the return of rains, the "dust bowl" instantlyrenewed its fruitfulness. Oklahoma's 1944 wheat cropwas the largest in the history of the state.The plow took the blame for the dust storms; thoughdust from the recurrent droughts of many thousand yearsbuilt the deep loess soils of Iowa and western Illinois,long, long before the plains were ever plowed. Curiously,one of the measures urged by government experts to checkloss of soil by wind was deeper plowing, the building of higher plow ridges by means of the lister plow, to checksurface drift of dust.Untilled grassland can support few people. As primitivepasture, before the advent of the Five Civilized Tribes,Oklahoma was an almost empty country, nearly devoidof permanent population. As buffalo range, its contribution to the needs of humanity was almost nil. Even in1880, before it was open to white settlement, it supportedbut a small fraction of its present population — and thatfraction lived very poorly. Oklahoma Indians today enjoyin the aggregate a very much higher standard of comfort, education, and opportunity than their ancestors.They are playing their part in the progress of the state.Oklahoma is a far more varied state than Illinois.Though the western tip of Oklahoma averages but fifteeninches of rain per year, the eastern edge has fifty to sixtyinches. No dust bowl there! Instead, a logging industryin pine and hardwood forests on the lovely KiamichiMountains. In altitude the state rises from less than 400feet to more than 5,000 feet above the sea.They say that Oklahoma has been exploited by easterncapital. Oklahomans are proud, not ashamed, that theirresources helped to build Radio City, the Mellon ArtGallery, and the University of Chicago. With the toolsfurnished by their "exploiters" they have multiplied theproduction of their state. They are conserving its productive resources and building new industries upon them.Their cities are cleaner and more modern than the coal-burning industrial cities of Illinois. And Oklahomansare privileged to live in a beautiful land of hills and waterfalls, forests, lakes, and plains — a happy and fruitfulcorner of America.Turner Falls, near Ardmore, OklahomaONE MAN'S OPINION• By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20, J.D. '22EVEN though the war in Europe is not yet over,and the draft still is taking all able bodied eighteen-year-old boys, the colleges and the universities of the country already are beginning to take on someof the external aspects of peacetime days. Education isamong the first of the country's large industries to startreconversion. The services are fast giving up much of thefacilities they took over three years ago for training specialists or simply to use for housing purposes. There arestill gaps in the student bodies and there will be until demobilization looses a flood that threatens to engulf theinstitutions of higher learning. But education has survived the crisis.It has been adequately demonstrated not only by thewar but also by the preceding depression that educationalorganizations have tenacious powers of persistence.Whether this ability to persist is good either for the educational system or for the country is another question;the fact is that the mortality among the colleges has beenamazingly low in the thirteen years between 1932 and1944. In the depression, faculty salaries were cut sometimes to the level of board and lodging provided in college dormitories; in the war, whatever pretense of liberaleducation existed often was abandoned and civilian students took pot luck with the boys in the service programsso that the same teachers could instruct both groups.The chief reason casualties among educational institutions were so light was not because of merit but becauseeducation is an effective pressure group. The federal government, which bailed out bankrupt local governmentsduring the depression, just as freely bailed out bankrupteducational institutions. Privately supported institutionsgot much less than state schools, but they were helpedappreciably through NYA aid to students and even theWPA, which supported research and training projects.When the war began and the armed forces had to givetechnical training on a vast scale^ the educational pressuregroup saw to it that this training was spread aroundamong everybody. A college was a college, and one wasas good as another; the services could not take the political risks of bucking the educational organizations whichcertified that Podunk College was qualified, nor the ire ofthe congressman whose local institution might be slighted.If a school couldn't qualify to give training, it could atleast, if it had enough cubic feet of plant, rent itself outfor housing purposes only, and so struggle through thewar, even if it had to decimate its faculty meanwhile.The biggest bonanza is yet to come, however, whenthe process of demobilization begins. The "G. I. Bill ofRights" makes generous provision for the education ofveterans, and insures that the swollen registrations thatfollowed the last war will be insignificant in comparison to the enrolment after this one. Everybody who was inservice for ninety days and honorably discharged is eligible for a training or refresher course of a year, and thereare some alarmists who think that if the problem of postwar employment is not solved the number taking retraining or refreshment in the colleges may be in the millions.It will be a very unresourceful college indeed which can'twhip together such courses; the speed with which warlabels were pasted on existing courses promises that thedemand will be met. For those under twenty-five wheninducted, or older inductees who can prove that theireducation was interrupted or impeded by service, a yearof education is provided if the veteran had ninety daysin service. If he served longer, he also gets additionaleducation for the total period of his service ; for example,eighteen months in the Army entitles him to thirty monthsof education in any accredited college or university. Another law, providing for rehabilitation of disabled veterans, takes care of the vocational training, including education, which may be necessary for vocational rehabilitation. The prospective demobilized veterans already arebeing cultivated; everyone is rushing to publish a bookleton its particular plan of veterans' education. Meanwhile,the unaccredited schools are forming their own pressuregroups to get. the law modified so that they can sign uptheir share of veterans, and the probability is that theywill be able to do so.The retraining and rehabilitation provisions of thelaws are frankly vocational in purpose; the general education for which the largest number of veterans will beeligible may likewise turn out to be vocational. A manwho has spent several years in the Army will want to getestablished in a job as soon as he can, and he is very likelyto think that the best way to do so is to take a vocationalcourse in college. He will have plenty of opportunity todo so in most places, which have not only the vocationalcourses they organized to answer the lack of jobs duringthe depression, but all the other specialized and technicalcourses of various degrees of validity which were developed during the war period. If only a fraction of thepromises about the applications of wartime technologicaladvances come true the veteran is likely to spend his timeacquiring information and skills that will be obsolescentbefore he ever is ready to hunt a job.The point of all this is not that the veteran is not entitled to an education but that the veteran, if he doesnot choose well, may not get the education he ought tohave, any more than the pre-war student got the kind ofeducation he required. By and large education will besaved once more through federal money the necessity ofjustifying what it is doing; and any penetrating reform ofhigher education is once again averted.10r*'$jM?hDOCUMENTARY FILMSON THE MIDWAY® By EDWARD T. MYERS, '38THE University is especially fortunate in havingthe Documentary Film Group for the seriousJL study of motion pictures. This organization isone of the "approved" student activities on campus.Each Tuesday night throughout the quarter in SocialScience 122 the Group presents a culturally interestingmotion picture. Students and alumni who have discovered this organization flock to the film showings.On nights when the waiting line extends down thecorridors of Social Science, the Group is almost certainly showing a Jean Gabin film, for the French motion pictures of this actor are especially popular withcollege girls studying French.The purpose of the Documentary Film Group is,nevertheless, academic — not entertainment. The primary films shown are of a class known as "documentaries." Such films are shown for the realistic studyof our era; hence it would appear, and correctly so,that documentaries are a class of non-fiction films.While in general non-fiction films are of an educationalnature, they are not necessarily "teaching" films suchas those of Britannica Films, a University organization.To many people, the word "documentary" is something new. Documentary films are not new. Manyof the first films ever made were documentary in character, but it is largely since 1930 that the name hasbeen applied to a particular type of film. First, documentaries are not teaching films, and consequently donot demand concentrated viewing. Secondly, theydeal with the life of the common citizen — the manin the street, on the sea, on the battlefield. They dealwith social problems — crime, slums, housing, food,transportation, and how such matters can be improved.Such material, then, is the meat of the DocumentaryFilm Group.But the Documentary Film Group breaks awayfrom the serious to show some unique fiction films onalternate Tuesday nights from those nights on whichthe documentaries are shown. The fiction films arechosen not only for their locale, dramatic situations,or treatment of ideals but also for their ability to meetthe demands of a University audience. The fictionfilms shown are not exhibited by ordinary commercial theaters and include foreign language films, whichhave subtitles in English. These films constitute aconsiderable help to students in language departments,giving familiarity not only with pronunciation, inflection, and intonations of the language but also arousingan interest in the student for the language and givinghim an incentive for study. When time permits, discussionsare held after the showings. Herethe social significance of the filmand the techniques employed bythe director to bring out his pointare discussed. Once a good discussion gets started, it is apt tolast all night like a real "bullsession."Success of the Group has beendue in large measures to the efforts of Mary Lewis,chairman, and of her husband, Robert, who carriesout the onerous duties of setting up the projectors andchecking the film when others won't help. Mary is amajor in Social Science, and hence documentary films,which are a study of people and the way they live andwork, fit right in her line. Husband Bob, '39, is a motionpicture engineer ready at all times to give sage adviceand to lead discussions on all phases of the organizationfrom booking films to projection. Norman Goldstein,from Metallurgy, and Jim Bush, '46, double up on theprojection duties, while Jim also acts as business manager.Marguerite Shaw is publicity chairman, assisted by Florence Forst. The program committee is under TomWhite.In addition to the literary interests of the Group, ithas been discovered that technical aspects of the filmart must be considered, for the film art is allied with agreater number of techniques than any other branch ofthe arts. The sciences of photography, optics, sound,electronics, and mechanics are all involved in the production and projection of motion pictures. As might beexpected, the individual tastes and experiences of themembers vary greatly. Some individuals have produceddocumentaries on such subjects as are available aboutChicago. Furthermore, the Group as a whole has donesome experimental work in the study of documentaryproduction. From the lessons learned, and there is noway to learn about film editing except by editing a film,the Group hopes to put together several of its ownfilms for public showing. Technical work of the organization is under the direction of Edward Myers, '38.While the documentary is a comparatively new formof the film, it should be remembered that films such asNanook of the North were produced back in the twenties.However, it was not until later that the use of the filmfor sociological and economic purposes was fully realized.England is the country in which the documentary reachedits apex, at least in the number of films produced per year.The British government has produced propaganda films1112 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEthrough a film unit in the General Post Office. At firstthese films were for home consumption, but later filmsshowing Britain's part in the war were made and sentabroad. In England men like Paul Rotha, John Grier-son (now head of the Canadian film board), Legg, andmany others produced a very complete series coveringhousing problems, transportation, city life, power, airplanes, coal, and the many industries in which men seekemployment. Flaherty, another of the British documentary producers and perhaps the best known in this country for his success with Elephant Boy and Man of Aran,diverged from the paths followed by the others. He attempted to show man's struggle against nature. As arepresentative of the famous fur trading company, Re-villon Freres, he went into the far north of Canadaand made a film intended entirely for company promotion. The film, named Nanook of the North, becameone of the classics of the documentary field. It shows thelife of a typical Eskimo and his struggle against nature.It may be said of Flaherty, however, that he usually showslife not exactly as it is today but as it was 150 yearsago. Thus, the Eskimo of Nanook uses no modern toolsto build an igloo of snow or to skin and cut up his seal.Other Flaherty films which have been shown on campusinclude Man of Aran, showing the life of an islander andhis family on the stony isle of Aran in the Firth of Clyde,and Moana, the life of a native in the South Seas.The United States Government was slow to sponsor themaking of documentary films. However, through theFarm Security Organization and the United States Resettlement Administration certain significant films have beenmade. These famous American documentaries includeThe Plow That Broke the Plains, showing the problems ofthe farmers on the great western plains when dust stormsand drought threatened their existence, and The River,showing how the "river" was finally harnessed and controlled so that floods were no longer the menace whichthey had once been.Last but not least in the activities of the DocumentaryFilm Group is the class for "The Study of the Motion DOCUMENTARY FILM GROUPTuesday Evenings, 8 P. M., Social Science 122Admission, 35 cents. Series of 5 documentaries, $1.25DOCUMENTARY FILMSOctob e r 3 Fight for Life (U. S. A.)October 17 Song of Ceylon (British); Five Faces ofMalay; Changing Face of IndiaOctober 31 Silent Enemy (Ojibways)November 14 Night Mail (British); Big City (London);Listen to BritainNovember 28 Lights Out in EuropeFICTION FILMSOctober 10 They Were Five (Gabin, French)October 24 Orphan Boy of Vienna (Vienna ChoirBoys)November 7 Harvest (French)November 21 Grand Illusion (Gabin, French)STUDY CLASS ON MOTION PICTURES AS LITERATUREMonday Evenings, 7:00 P. M., Classics 10, $10.00Films shown and discussed will include Post-War I American, non-fiction, Russian experimental; Fairbanks, Chaplin, Keaton, Griffith, and others.Picture as Literature." Problems and questions raisedduring the discussion periods following the regular documentary showings indicated that something like a studyclass was not only needed but greatly desired by membersof the organization. Therefore, to carry the discussionidea further, a class was organized for the more formalstudy of the motion picture. A fixed fee is charged forthe complete course, which includes the screening of tenfilms per quarter. Here the technique of great directorslike America's D. W. Griffith or Russia's Eisenstein arestudied. The class has run for three consecutive quarterswith interest increasing as more people learn of it. Herethe film art can be carefully traced from the early primitives of Edison in America, Lumiere brothers in France,Pabst in Germany, to Rene Clair in France. While special attention is given the fiction film, because of its predominance in film literature, all different types of films{Concluded on page 15)NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESI KNOW a man, a tremendously sad man, a man whoall his life has been beaten about from pillar to(Emily) post.Long before he reached the age of penitence, he wassummoned to help conduct publicity for a large mid-western university. He found all manner of strangegoings-on about him. The president of the universityhad a way of putting the academic cauldron to seetheand every variety of professional and quasi-professionalorganization was trying to clamp the lid on the pot.Lucifer, it appeared, had absconded from his duchy withbooks of magic formulae and had established homesteadrights on the grounds of the university. He befriendedthe president. The newspapers, anathemizing, calledthem the prexy-hexy team.This president was given to visions. He scandalized theworld by insisting you could cut young people adrift fromtheir domestic moorings around the age of fifteen andpack them off to college, where they would demonstrate,beyond the shadow of a shout, that the young are slightlymore mature than they are painted and certainly canlearn to weigh the quarrels of the market place.The university adopted a new college plan, shutting itsears to all the outside clamor, the many denunciations ofits "pariahs." Of course, the trouble with the presidentand his co-conspirators was, they were right. And thatwas another sad thing in my friend's life.It seems that as the fall of 1944 approached, the university saw a stormcloud on the horizon. It proved to bean accumulation of dust raised by the tramp of manyfeet. The hegira of youth was on. The college was asuccess. Students were leaving high school after thesophomore year or the junior year or even six months before graduation, to enter the college. Substance had beengiven their dream — it was not, it seemed, the misty concoction of cloud-cuckoo-land — by the unassailably realfact of two solid years of successful operation, built on adecade of experiment.It seems also that this friend, this morosely happy publicity man, was occupied one day, drawing plans to tellthe world, in picture and story, how the college plan wasworking, how there was no room for all the applicants,how scores and scores were being turned away, when theassociate editor of the University of Chicago Magazineinvaded his den and, adopting the imperious tone of acity editor, demanded her copy. When, she wanted toknow, was news of the quadrangles forthcoming?My friend (you will have guessed by now he is myaltered ego) picked up a pair of scissors, a paste pot, someold Press Relations Office releases, put the followingrhuch-bepencilled matter together, and delivered it before the clock struck twelve, and the Magazine was putto bed in the snug haven of the printer. Then he wentback to dote on the success of the college. • By CHET OPALAt the DeaneryBetween September 1 and October 1, this year, therewere two men at the University who bore, portfolio andall, the title "Dean of Students, University of Chicago."They were Aaron J. Brumbaugh and Lawrence AlpheusKimpton.Dean Brumbaugh announced in June that he was resigning at the end of the summer quarter, after nineteenyears at the University, to become vice-president of theAmerican Council on Education in Washington, D. C.Distinguished for his work in guidance and personnel relations in higher education, he was leaving behind a fieldin which he had established his reputation to enter one inwhich, in recent years, he had become more and more involved as his interests widened.Before entering the University's Department of Education in 1925, Dean Brumbaugh was successively head ofthe English department, dean and professor of education,and president of Mount Morris College. In 1941 he wasnamed dean of students at Chicago, where he obtainedhis master and doctor degrees.The American Council on Education, which DeariBrumbaugh joins, is an association of 600 institutions ofhigher learning, 56 educational organizations, and a number of public school systems in large cities. It wasfounded during the first World War to aid educationalinstitutions in serving the war effort and maintainingacademic standards.Dean Kimpton took office on September 1, maintaining meanwhile his post as chief administrative officer ofthe University war project, which he assumed in the summer of 1943 and will continue to hold. A native of Kansas City, Missouri, Kimpton is a former professor at theuniversity of that city. He is 34 years old.Dean Kimpton was educated at Stanford and CornellUniversities, receiving his bachelor's and master's degreesfrom the former, and his doctorate from the latter. Hemajored in the field of philosophy and was elected to PhiBeta Kappa during his junior year at Stanford. Afterreceiving his doctor of philosophy degree in 1935, heLAWRENCE A. KIMPTON AARON J. BRUMBAUGH1314 T H E L'NIVERSI T Y O Fserved as teacher and director of the Deep Springs Collegein California until 1941, when he resigned to initiate alarge cattle ranch operation in Nevada. The followingyear he returned to academic life, accepting the post ofprofessor of mathematics and philosophy and dean of theliberal arts college of Kansas City University. In thesummer of 1943 he left to engage in war work at theUniversity of Chicago. He is married to the formerMarcia Drennon, also of Kansas City, and has a nine-year-old son.Business School Sets PrecedentAppointment of Miss Fern W. Gleiser of Iowa StateCollege as the first woman professor of full rank in theUniversity's School of Business was announced by Garfield V. Cox, acting dean of the school.Also appointed to the business school teaching staffwere C. F. Chizck, head of Notre Dame's accounting department, and Burleigh B. Gardner, research associate atthe University and former personnel counselor at Western Electric Company. Miss Gleiser has become professor of institution management; Mr. Chizek, associateprofessor of accounting; and Mr. Gardner, assistant professor of industrial relations. Their appointments, underthe new full-service contracts of the University, wereeffective October 1.A recognized authority in the field of food management,Miss Gleiser has headed the institution management department at Iowa State for the past thirteen years. Asprofessor of institution management at the University ofChicago, she will assist in developing the restaurant administration course, a basic program of business administration and food management now being conducted bythe School of Business for the National Restaurant Association.At Iowa State she has served on the executive committee of the Memorial Union Corporation. Before herAmes appointment in 1931, she was associated withDrexel Institute as assistant professor of industrial management and with Columbia University as instructor ofinstitution management. Miss Gleiser received a masterof science degree from Columbia University in 1930 and abachelor of science degree from the University of Washington in 1924.Mr. Chizek, the second department head to join thebusiness school staff this fall, is a University of Chicagograduate. He received his master's degree in businessadministration from the University in 1939. His undergraduate work in commerce was completed in 1927 at theUniversity of Iowa. Previous to his appointment as professor of accounting and head of the department at NotreDame in 1929, Mr. Chizek was assistant manager of S. S.Kresge company retail stores in Chicago and Waukegan.A certified public accountant, he has been a partner inthe accounting firm of Crowe and Chizek in South Bend.He is the author of four texts on accounting and mathematics and of numerous research monographs.Mr. Gardner, who received his doctor of philosophy C .11 T C A G O M A G A Z I X Edegree in anthropology from Harvard University in 1936and master and bachelor of arts degrees from the University of Texas in 1930 and 1931, was associated withthe Hawthorne plant of Western Electric from 1937 untilhis appointment as a research associate at the Universitylast year. His most recent research at the University — asurvey on the problems of turnover, absenteeism, andmorale in wartime industry — is being conducted underthe direction of the Committee on Human Relations inIndustry. A report on this work by Mr. Gardner waspublished in this Magazine last spring. He is co-authorof Deep South, A Social Anthropological Study of Casteand Class, a 1941 University of Chicago Press publication.Dr. Aubrey Leaves to Head CrozerEdwin E. Aubrey, professor of Christian theology andethics at the University since 1929 resigned at the endof the summer quarter to accept the presidency of CrozerTheological School, a Baptist seminary near Philadelphia.Born in Glasgow, Scotland, Professor Aubrey came tothis country in 1913, and was naturalized in 1918. Heserved in the U. S. Army Ambulance Service from 1917to 1919. Following the war he took his undergraduatetraining at Bucknell University and twenty years later received his D.D. degree from there. He holds three degrees from the University of Chicago: A.M., D.B., andPh.D., and for twenty years has been associated with theUniversity. He has been chairman of the theologicalfield of the Federated Theological Faculty since 1935.An author of four books — the most recent, Man'sSearch for Himself — he has contributed numerous articlesto religious and educational volumes such as the Dictionary of American Biography, Journal of Religion, Christendom, and others.They're Smarter Than You ThinkThat topflight business executives without college degrees can pick up a broad general education as theypursue their business careers was amply demonstrated inan unprecedented battery of tests given at the Universitythis summer.Thirty-two Chicago executives enrolled in the University's business executives program put in a hard eight-hour day by common consent one Sunday — taking fourtwo-hour tests in the humanities and the social, physical,FERN W. GLEISER EDWIN E. AUBREYTHE UNIVERSITY OF C H I C A G O M A G A Z I X E 15and biological sciences. A large number of them weremiddle-aged and many years removed from formal schooling. Eighteen of the executives had college degrees; theirfourteen classmates -had not. But the eighteen consentedto take their tests to help the University of Chicago examiner, Dr. Ralph W. Tyler, set a norm to be used hereafter by the university's School of Business in placingapplicants for the executives program.Of the fourteen non-graduates, five cleared all fourfields of knowledge, five cleared three of the four fields,two cleared two fields and two cleared only one field.Greatest weakness was shown in the test on social, science, which included many questions on American history.Knowledge described as "remarkable" was demonstratedby the businessmen in the physical and biological sciencefields, where they displayed an understanding of generalprinciples and an ability to reason out physical processeswhich compensated for their ignorance of details.Those of the fourteen non-graduates who cleared allfields were qualified to become candidates for the degreeof Master of Business Administration. This degree isconferred on the executives at the end of the program inwhich the men and women executives spend two years,three nights a week, studying economic organization, accounting, public regulation of business (a course given byDean William H. Spencer, regional War Manpower Commission director) , statistics, the pricing system, businessorganization and management, and a chosen field ofspecialization.The new battery of tests will be given to entering business executives at the beginning of each school quarter.All classwork, including the make-up study, is given inthe University's classrooms downtown.One of the questions that proved to be a kind of snagfor the executives asked them to select a President towhom each statement in a list of statements applied. Someof the statements were:A. Strongly advocated democracy, but emphasized thatit would function best in a predominantly agrarian society.B. Opposed the Dred Scott decision.C. The prevalence of the spoils system in federal government is commonly traced back to his administration.D. The major aim of his foreign policy was frustratedby the adverse vote of the senate.E. Doubled the size of the United States by purchaseof land.The answers ? A — Jefferson ; B — Lincoln ; C — Jackson ;D — Wilson; E — Jefferson.Bartlett in Civvies AgainThe sports department of the University returned toits original quarters in Bartlett Gym on September 1,after two and a half years of occupation by the NavySignal School. The Navy group, which moved to otherquarters, took over Bartlett Gym April 1, 1942, and theUniversity sports department was transferred to the WestStands of Stagg Field. The return of the Bartlett facilities opens the swimming pool and gym for the ex- CHET OPALelusive use of the civilian students. The students in theCollege of the University will hold their basketball gamesin the gym this winter. The cinder track in Stagg Fieldwill be used again, and outdoor sports, such as soccer,touch football, and six man football will be carried onunhampered by limited space.ConvocationThe University held its eleventh wartime Convocationon September 8, with 309 students being graduated.The Convocation, 218th in the University's history andthe first of the academic year, saw 47 new U. S. medicalofficers created, 31 first lieutenants in the Army, 16 lieutenants (j.g.) in the Navy. They received their commissions with their doctor of medicine degrees.Although 191 of the graduates were Chicagoans, 31states, the District of Columbia, and three foreign nations were represented. Twelve of the new graduatesreceived their bachelor's degrees under the new Collegeprogram; two of these were but 18 years old.DOCUMENTARY FILMS(Continued from page 12)are considered — early fiction, the newsreel, the comedy,the animated cartoon, teaching and documentary films.Most of the films shown in the class are silent since theseare not available for study in commercial theaters.Thus, it may be seen that the Documentary Film Grouphas continued its organization through the course of thewar only by considerable effort on the part of its members including the help ofcertain alumni. It is altogetherfitting that the University should foster such a group, notonly because it is already a leader in films, having recentlyformed Britannica Films, but also because it was in Chicago that the film industry once centered before movingto Hollywood. At the Essanay studios on the North Side,many famous actors including Mary Pickford, Ben Tur-pin, and Charlie Chaplin performed before the camera,and today Chicago is a center for , the manufacture ofmotion picture equipment.With Our Alumni in Portland, OregonOn the evening of July 21, the alumni of Portland, Oregon, met at the University Club.Present from Chicago were Dean William Scott, who told about the new College program,and Howard Mort, associate editor of the Magazine. The following news notes about someof our 121 alumni in Portland were compiled while the associate editor was in the city.After receiving his law degree fromHarvard Burt B. Barker, '97, returned to Chicago where he practicedlaw until 1917, when he moved toNew York to continue his legal work.In 1928 he crossed the continent tobecome vice-president of the University of Oregon with offices in Portland. In addition to his legal background Mr. Barker took with him anabundance of tact and a self -startingsense of humor which have made hisvice-presidenting a profitable pleasure. A list of his civic activitiescrowds two and a half inches in Who'sWho. Daughter Barbara is marriedto Alfred Herman, a member of theBelgian-French consulate staff.The San Francisco earthquakechanged the life plans of Noble W.Jones, MD Rush '01. He returnedfrom studying in Europe to find thatcity digging itself out from underheaps of rubble. It was no time fora young doctor to start building apractice, although from his Stanforddays he had planned to settle in theBay area. So Dr. Jones opened officesin Portland, where in 1913 he helpedto organize the Portland Clinic,which now has a staff of eighteendoctors, nine of whom are in theService. Dr. Jones is also clinicalprofessor of medicine at the University of Oregon Medical School. Allthree children are with the armedforces: Orville, chief of the orthopedic service of Army General Hospital 74; Tom, with the Quartermaster Corps; and Jeanette, a WAC.Stuart H. Sheldon, MD Rush '02,was a member of the first RushMedical class to graduate under thebig tent on the south side Quadrangles. Interning in Portland, henever left the Rose City. His daughter, Florence, is married to a physician. Son Clayton, with United AirLines, married the daughter of another Chicago alumnus, Edward T.Sturgeon (see 1911 section).A Hood River fruit exhibit at Chicago early in the century lured AlfredR. Hedrick, '04, to the Northwest in1910. He settled on a fruit ranch atUnderwood, Washington — across theColumbia River from Hood River.In 1916 Mr. Hedrick left his pearsand apples to join the faculty of Portland's Washington high school where he has since taught English andLatin. He has also been a memberof the University of Oregon extensionstaff. Substituting flowers for fruitat his Portland home, Mr. Hedricklives with his two sisters. The husband of one of the sisters was W. Leslie Verry, '02, who was teachingmathematics at Washington highschool when he died on October 13,1943. He had previously been principal of Lincoln high school.From Albany College in Oregon,William E. Stewart, MD Rush '05,came to Chicago for his medical degree. After two years as surgeon forthe Milwaukee railroad, first in SouthDakota and then in Idaho, he returned to his home state and hassince practiced in Portland — withtime off to serve as a major in thefirst World War. Dr. Stewart specializes in gynecology (and steelheadfishing in the fall). He was a cousinto Chicago's first president. Dr.Stewart's mother taught WilliamRainey Harper the alphabet whenthey were living in Ohio.Richard W. Wellington, MD Rush'06, settled in Portland in 1908. Hespecializes in diseases of the chest andheart. His son, Richard, like hisfather in the first World War, is acaptain. Richard is with the Quartermaster Corps in Italy.NOW THERE ARE THREEBack in 1909, Virgil A. Crum,JD '08, fresh out of Law School,arrived in Portland and opened anoffice. Business was going wellwhen, in 1926, Verne D. Dusen-bery, JD '10, who had droppedoff in Bozeman for fifteen years onhis way West, joined his schoolmate in Portland, making it Crumand Dusenbery.In the meantime, William CareyMartin, '16, JD '22, had established himself in Atlantic, Iowa.But in 1935 he arrived in Portlandto make the Crum-Dusenbery firma threesome, which it has remainedto this day — one congenial Chicago family on the ninth floor ofthe Spalding Building. Carey isthe new president of the PortlandChicago Alumni Club. Nellie Mignon Fisher, '06, joinedthe Portland public library staff in1922, where she is now in charge ofthe business technological departmentat the main library on the West Side.One of Chicago's most loyalalumnae is Mrs. John H. Wakefield(Mary Palmer, '06), who teachesEnglish at Benson high school andconcentrates on a victory garden inthe summer. She is also active inPresbyterian church work, both cityand state. Mrs. Wakefield has twochildren: Margaret, a librarian at theRose City Park branch, and Marion,with an electrical concern in Portland.Claude C. McColloch, '09, wentback to Portland, his home town,after finishing at Chicago. He later'moved to Klamath Falls, where hewas practicing law when, in 1937, hebecame a U. S. district judge andreturned to Portland.Edward T. Sturgeon, '11, wentfrom Chicago to the University ofWisconsin to secure a degree in engineering. He moved to Portland in1917, where he is now president ofthe Morrill and Sturgeon LumberCompany. The Sturgeons have threedaughters: Mary Jane, whose husband is in the Navy; Caroline, whois married to Clayton Sheldon, son ofDr. Stuart Sheldon, MD Rush '02;and Elizabeth, who is attending theUniversity of Oregon.When he finished law school Edward J. Clark, LLB '11, bought aone-way ticket to Portland andpassed the Oregon bar. Starting inToledo, Oregon, he moved on toPendleton where he lived for fifteenyears before returning to Portland.He is a member of the Committee onAdmissions of the Oregon Bar Association and of the Grievance Committee of the Multnomah Bar Association. As time permitted he haswritten special articles for law publications. Mr. Clark has two sons:Edward, in the Signal Corps; andDavid, recently discharged from theService because of his health. Davidentered Reed College, Portland, thisfall.A native of Portland, John F.Reilly, JD '12, took his undergraduate work at Stanford and returnedto Portland to practice after receiv-16THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 17PLEASE, YOUR HONOR .Jay H. Stockman, JD '11, movedto Portland in 1919 to practicelaw. Then there had been a wedding and Jay was riding up thestreet with his brand new bride.It was a wonderful night and evenhis auto lights seemed brighterthan usual — so bright in fact thata man in uniform stepped out andheld up his hand: "Sorry, bud, butthe judge will be interested inknowing why those lights aren'tadjusted according to law."The following morning an irritated bridegroom stood before astern judge. The bridegroomlooked at the judge and vice versa.Then the judge, with a firm blowof the gavel, declared a recess.The two men adjourned to thejudge's chambers for an old fashioned Chicago reunion. Jay neverdreamed his old schoolmate,George Rossman, JD '10, was inPortland, and a municipal judge,of all things! . . REMEMBER CHICAGO!Of course they have seen a lotof each other since. Jay Stockmanmoved into the district attorney'soffice and had considerable legalbusiness with the judge. AfterGeorge Rossman moved to thestate capitol in 1927 to become ajustice of the supreme court, JayStockman followed him to Salemto serve three and a half years asattorney for the State IndustrialAccident Commission.Stockman has since opened lawoffices in Astoria but he and thejudge had a reunion in Portlandat the Chicago alumni meeting onJuly 21. This may explain whyJudge Rossman was the Kiwanisspeaker at Astoria four weekslater. Judge Rossman's son, George,is with the Navy in the South Pacific. Jay Stockman has two daughters: Wilma, whose husband is inservice in England, and Evlyn, whoentered college this fall.ing his law degree at Chicago. Hisson, Robert, is in the Navy.Erwin W. Kirkpatrick, '14, JD '15,attended the Portland alumni meeting from his home in Milwaukee,Oregon. When we asked him whathe's been doing besides practicing lawhe and his wife laughed and said hewas building a dam at their home —for what we didn't quite catch beforewe were interrupted. The Kirkpat-ricks have two sons: George, in theNavy, and Edward, attending Oregon State College.Lucius O. McAfee, '16, AM '21,joined the faculty of Albany Collegebefore it moved to Portland to become Lewis and Clark College. Hemoved with it and continues to teacheducation and psychology. TheMcAfees have three children: LucyAlice, 22; James, 17; and Betty, 13.M. E. Steinberg, SM '16, Rush '17,was born in Russia. In 1927 he wentto Europe and studied two years atthe University of Vienna. Here hemet his wife, a dramatic actress inthe Imperial Theater. They returnedto Portland where Dr. Steinberg hadbeen senior surgeon at the Veteran'sHospital and where he is still consulting surgeon at the new building.He also has his private practice, specializing in stomach surgery. Chuckling, he quips: "There are two thingsI couldn't live without; stomachs andsteelheads [famous Oregon gametrout]."Roy E. Miller, SM '17, operatesthe Miller Products Company, manufacturing agricultural chemicals. Heis also the chemical representativefor the War Production Board in thePacific Northwest. His son is a lieutenant in the Navy; his daughter ismarried to a lieutenant in the Army.On a wheat ranch in the panhandle of Idaho Oliver M. Nisbet,MD Rush '19, grew to young manhood. He attended the University ofIdaho and finally boarded the Northern Pacific for the windy city. Whileinterning at Presbyterian Hospital(Chicago) he met a young nurse wholater joined him in Portland as Mrs.Nisbet. They have two daughters:Mary, a junior in high school, andLois, 8. For the past two years Dr.Nisbet has been president of the Portland Chicago Club and chairman ofthe local Alumni Foundation — thisyear establishing a new high recordof gifts from the Rose City on theWillamette. Dr. Nisbet specializes insurgery and story telling. When hestarts one of his famous stories, braceyourself, for you'll swear you arehearing Irving S. Cobb at his best.When Grant high school was built in 1926 Bessie Curry, AM '22, wasone of the first faculty members toenter the building. She teachesphysics, with present emphasis onpre-flight courses. Before 1926 shetaught in a Chicago private school.Miss Curry has two enthusiasms: herrose garden and the University ofChicago.The family of Daniel J. Cohn, '23,has lived in Chicago from the yearprevious to the famous Chicago fire.When Daniel finished Chicago he hadno intention of breaking from thisrecord until he inadvertently took avacation in the Pacific Northwest.That did it, and since 1935 he hasbeen connected with the Portlandmortgage banking firm of Commonwealth, Inc. Mrs. Cohn was Elizabeth Oppenheimer, '26, when she wason the Midway. They have twochildren: Joan Louise, 13, and PaulDaniel, 8.After receiving his MD, Tyrrell G.McDougall, Rush '24, spent a year inHawaii and another in Pennsylvaniabefore opening offices in Chicago.Asked why he shifted his practice toPortland in 1942, he answers, "Fishing!" He specializes in urology. TheMcDougalls have one daughter, Col-lette, who is 6.From Dubuque junior high in 1930Clara Esther Boell, '24, went to theUniversity of Southern California tostudy for her master's. In Los Angeles she met Frank McNurlen, a Union Pacific locomotive engineerwho persuaded her to move to hisdivision point as Mrs. McNurlen. Intheir Portland precinct she is nowchairman for civilian defense.Roger Holcomb, MD Rush '24, hasbeen with the Navy three years. Heis a lieutenant commander servingin the South Pacific. His wife andtwo daughters await his return attheir Portland home. Katherine, 18,entered Oregon State College thisfall. Her sister, Jane, is in highschool.One of Chicago's most loyal andenthusiastic alumnae is Etta E. Lambert, AM '26, who retired to Portlandafter twenty-three years as head ofthe history department of South highschool in Grand Rapids, Michigan.Originally from Mobile, Alabama,Miss Lambert established her homein Portland where she has a sisterand brother, famous for his "LambertGardens." Miss Lambert is a member of the League of Women Votersand precinct committee woman forthe Democratic Party.For more than four years SilwingP. C. Au, '24, JD '25, has been theChinese consul for Oregon, Idaho,and Wyoming with headquarters inPortland. He met his wife, MayToy, '28, while he was at the University and they were married by DeanCharles W. Gilkey. They have threechildren: Harvin, 17, who is attending M.I.T. on a scholarship; Law-18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINErence, a student at Lincoln highschool; and Hawkin, 15, who has justentered high school. Mr. and Mrs.Au are cordial Chicagoans. Soonafter they were comfortably settledin Portland they entertained thealumni at their home with Dean Gilkey as honored guest.After attending Reed College,Portland, two years Lois Jean Sinclair, '29, completed her Frenchmajor at Chicago. Her husband, W.Beaufort Doggett, also attended Reedand is now manager of the Coca-ColaBottling Company at Vancouver,Washington. They have two children: Barbara, 10, and Sinclair, 8.After interning at the Universityof Iowa Matthew McKirdie, '29, MDRush '34, remained four additionalyears in their department of surgery.He then decided to establish a privatepractice on the Pacific Coast. Dr.McKirdie traveled from San Diegoto Seattle. The week-end he spentin Portland is now in its fourth year.His wife was an anesthetist at theGood Samaritan Hospital in Portlandwhen the doctor met her. They haveone daughter — Margaret, who is ayear old.Ethel M. Hardie, AM '31, had finished her undergraduate work atWillamette University when the Chicago enthusiasm of Bessie Curry,AM '22, overpowered her and shecame to the Midway for her graduate work. She has since taught inthe high schools of Silverton andHood River, Oregon, and Ellensburg,Washington. She spent the summerat Miss Curry's Portland home.Charles M. Gilbert, '30, did missionary work in Wyoming for theEpiscopal Church and continued hisministry in southern Oregon beforefinally moving to Portland, where heis now dean of St. Stephens Cathedral. The Gilberts have two children:Elizabeth Lay, 6, and Thomas, 2.On a prominence overlooking theWillamette River at Oswego, just outof Portland, is the Catholic girlscollege, Marylhurst. In the fall of'43 the college established a Schoolof Social Work in downtown Portland. Isabel M. Devine, '34, crossedthe continent from Boston College toaccept a position on the original faculty. She is very enthusiastic aboutthe program of the school and theplans for the future and is enjoyingall the nice things for which Portland is famous.Ted Rudolph Mafit, '41, MD '43,was stationed at Multnomah CountyHospital at the time these news noteswere made but expected to be onactive Navy duty by the time you read them. His wife expects to return to her home in Chicago to awaithis return from Service.K. P. Kwan, AM '42, is an attacheof the Chinese consulate at Portland.The day before we visited him in hisoffice he celebrated his wedding anniversary, and if you think weddinganniversaries are celebrated only oncea year you should know the Kwans.They celebrate on the sixteenth ofeach month with a little extra flourish because they also first met on thesixteenth. This was their twentiethcelebration. They had been marriedone year and eight months and havelived in Portland since January.William R. Trimble, AM '44, didhis undergraduate work at Reed College in Portland and returned to hishome town after finishing his graduate work at Chicago.SPOKANEOn his way to the Portland alumnimeeting the associate editor droppedoff between trains in Spokane andvisited with as many alumni as timepermitted.After Herbert E. Wheeler, '06, MDRush '08, finished his medical training he caught the Alaska gold feverand headed for the Pacific Northwest.At Spokane he stepped off the trainand decided it might be a good ideato take the board examination. Fora time' he served as district surgeonfor the Great Northern railroad andduring the first World War was acaptain in the Medical Corps. Today,in addition to his practice, he has ahobby of raising blooded Arabianhorses; how many? Well, he'd ±±aveto stop and figure. He had five athis home and some more out in thecountry.Eyer A. Cornelius, JD '09, did hisundergraduate work at WashingtonState before coming to Chicago forhis law work. He has practiced inSpokane since receiving his degree.He has two children: Mildred, whosehusband is in the Navy, and Gordon,who is with the Army across theAtlantic.In 1914 Charles E. Brown, '10,returned to his home town, Spokane,*to enter* the insurance business. Heis a representative of the MutualBenefit Life of New Jersey. Mr.Brown is also active in religious work.At present he is state chairman forthe Washington State Baptist Men'sCouncil. xAfter receiving his master's degreein sociology, George B. Baird, AM'15, completed sixteen years of servicein China before returning to theStates. He moved to Spokane in1940 after an eleven-year pastorate at the Community Church in Lowell,Washington. He is now minister ofthe Lincoln Heights CongregationalChurch.William L. Zabel, AM '18, wentWest twenty-five years ago and hasbeen a minister in the CongregationalChurch. At present he is aiding thewar effort by working in a war plantweek days and conducting services intwo churches on Sundays. TheZabels have two children: Geraldineand Carl, a corporal in the Army.Harold T. Pederson, MD Rush '22,is having fun these days learning toplay the piano — that is, when he isn'tlooking after the general medicalneeds of his Spokane clientele. Thereare two boys in the Pederson family:Harold, 18, and Bobby, 9.When William L. Spencer, '23,MD Rush '27, finished his medicaltraining he picked up a medicaldirectory and thumbed carefullythrough its pages looking for the citythat had the most people per doctor.Near the end of the volume his indexfinger finally stopped at "Spokane,"and Dr. Spencer decided to make hisfirst trip across the Mississippi River.In the fifteen years he has practicedin Spokane he has become wellknown for his work on bone fractures. Dr. Spencer was the AlumniFoundation chairman for Spokanethis year.Starting at Moscow, Idaho, wherehe received his bachelor's degree atthe University of Idaho in 1922,Wilfred E. Newman, MD Rush '28,made a swing through Chicago topick up his MD before returningWest to open offices in Spokane. Thefamily now includes John Edward,8; Martha Lee, 6; and Dona Louise, 4.Howard V. Valentine, MD Rush,'35, left his offices in the Old NationalBank Building two years ago to enterthe Medical Corps. He is now amajor stationed at the Army AirBase Hospital at Grand Island, Nebraska. Mrs. Valentine is with him.If you want to get caught up withyour back reading in National Geographic or Hygeia, don't expect to doit in the attractive reception room ofWilfrid A. Flaherty, MD '39. You'llfind nothing but the unruffled crispcurrent issues of popular magazines.We suppose this isn't of major consequence but it made an "imprint"on us, since we weren't worried aboutour health. Dr. Flaherty has beenspecializing in urology since movingto Spokane in August, 1943. TheFlahertys have two children: DennisPatrick, 4, who had his tonsils removed the day we were in Spokane,and Barbara, one year old.is booklet*Are you one of the million and a halfmen who have already crossed the border between military and civilian life—or, if still in the service, do you want toknow what you're entitled to when youhang up your uniform?We have a free 24-page booklet thatwas carefully prepared by our War Service Bureau just to help you. Called"Information for Demobilized Veterans,"it explains the rights and privileges thatyou have earned by serving in the armedforces of your country.Besides the G.I. Bill of Rights andother information listed in the right-hand column, the booklet has some tipsto guide you in getting yourself reestablished, and a suggestion or two about apost-war career.For more than 100 years, we havebeen helping folks like you to attainfinancial security. Our advice to youand the thousands more who are now being honorably discharged each monthis— hold on to your National ServiceLife Insurance. This booklet tells youwhat to do to keep that protection andhow to make the most of it.Send for your copy of "Informationfor Demobilized Veterans." It is offeredas our contribution to help you get yourfeet on the ground in what probablyseems a very different world after military service.A penny postal will bring it to youfree of charge, along with a handsome,rugged envelope to keep your dischargecertificate and service papers fresh andclean.! Why not write today? TABLE OF CONTENTSHighlights of theG.I. Bill of Rights-How to continue youreducation, guarantee ofloans, unemploymentbenefits, etc.When you go home —Mustering- out pay, where to go for information on employment, hospitalization, vocational training, etc.Your pension privileges and. how to apply.Your National Service Life Insurance—How to keep it in force, how to convertwith premium rates and illustrations.Where do you go from here?Some ideas on your post-war career.New England Mutual\,ifi \nsurance Company mm of "BostonGeorge Willard Smith, President Agencies in Principal Cities Coast to CoastThe First Mutual Life Insurance Company Chartered in America — 1835NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL has openings in its sales organization for University of Chicago men in various parts of thecountry. If you would like to learn more about a career where you would be associated with many other college men in whatlias been called "the best paid hard w6rk in the world," why notwrite our Director of Agencies, Dept. 0-2, Boston, Mass.?20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENEWS OF THE GLASSES* IN THE SERVICE ?John B. Watkins, '21, AM '24,PhD '29, veteran of World War I,has been promoted from major tolieutenant colonel. He is on the general staff of a base section somewherein England and .was recently commended by his commanding generaland the British War Office on thesecurity work of his base section preparatory8 to the invasion.Lt. Rob Roy MacGregor, '28, isofficer in charge of the aviationground training department at Quon-set Naval Air Station. The generalaim of his department is to train aircrewmen, both beginners and experienced men who have to keep up withthe advances in their business orrefresh themselves on principles.Guns, bombs, torpedoes, navigation,instrument flying, and the use ofparachutes and rafts are among thesubjects taught. Many ingenious devices, such as the Gunairstructor andLink celestial navigation trainer, havebeen assembled at the station to instruct in flying and killing.Pvt. Zachary Taylor, '32, is in thePacific area stationed with a photographic lab detachment. He wroteus on Fourth of July: "On this anniversary of the freedom of our countryI want to congratulate the University of Chicago for its attitude offreedom in adult education. I feelhonored to have had the privilegethat should be every American's prerogative of ingesting the spirit of freemental enterprise."Lt. James F. Regan, PhD '33, MD'34, commanding officer of a Navymedical detachment, is wearing theArmy Silver Star for gallantry inaction in the Solomons. He "directedthe activities in the care and aidedthe evacuation of over 200 casualties,including 72 stretcher cases, in areascovered by enemy small arms." Lieut.Regan has been in the service overtwo years.With a background of eight yearsof business, plus a decree from theBusiness School, plus being on thebusiness staff of the Daily Maroon,Blackfriars, and Rex of Pi LambdaPhi, William H. Bergman, '35, wasassigned to the medical departmentof the Army. After a few monthsof basic traininq-, which combinedsuperficial medical training withrup^ed physical training (emphasison preparation for litter bearing), hesays, he was sent to Fort Sam Houston to x-ray technician's school. He graduated from there in June andnow is at Camp Reynolds, Pennsylvania. Bill and his wife (Janet Lewy,'36) have a six months' old son,Johnny, who, having started atLying-in, the Bergmans hope, willnot stray far from the Midway.Capt. Howard Hudson, '35, writesthat he is in a good location in England, "but the weather and inspections are sometimes trying. Theysay that the British drink tea, theRussians fight, and the Americanshold inspections. One officer saidthat last year he took the afternoonoff and found later he had sleptthrough the entire summer. Thisyear, however, there have been threefull days of summer." Anyway, Capt.Hudson says they are pretty fortunate and no one is complaining.Whenever they have a little time offthey go down to the local "local" andtalk with the gentry, and it is indeeda fallacy to say that those people are"reserved." Capt. Hudson is livingwith Capt. George Smith, MD '40,and Capt. Dan Glomset is near by.Len Hoffman, '38, JD '40, is inFrance and Ren Ogburn, '34, is alsooverseas.Ensign Jane E. Matson, '35, is stationed at the largest U. S. Naval Hospital in the country at San Diego.She's doing educational and occupational counseling — part of the Navyrehabilitation program.Louis E. Shaeffer, '38, is presentlypsychological assistant at Camp Fannin station hospital, giving psychometric tests and taKing neuropsvchia-tric histories of the boys "who'vedecided they can't or they won't."George McElroy, '38, AM '39 (sonof Charles McElroy, AM '06, JD '15)has been advanced to sergeant withthe rating T/4 and is stationed inWashington, D. C.Paul G. Luckhardt, '39, SM '40,formerly on the staff of the IllinoisState Geological Survey, entered theservice a year ago and has beenstudying methods of restoring wardamaged oil wells. He is stationedat Camp Santa Anita, Calif.Lt. Robert L. Gunning, '40, hasbeen overseas for more than a yearand when last heard from was in theGilbert Islands. He is a lead navigator - bombardier in a mediumbomber and has many missions to hiscredit. He writes: "This place istruly beautiful — in fact, it looks likea setting for a technicolor DorothyLamour picture. The difference is that we have mosquitoes, ants, etc.,intense heat, and no Dotty L amours.Can't complain too much, though."He adds that he is there for the duration and "the goal is Tokyo and victory." What the lieutenant failed totell us but which we learned froma newspaper clipping is the- fact thathe has been awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, two OakLeaf Clusters, and the Air Medal.Lt. Norman Bruce Sigband, '40,AM '41, is stationed at Angel Island(no, the Post does not belie its name,he writes), which is a portion of thebusy San Francisco Port of Embarkation. He keeps occupied as theNorth Garrison plans and operationsofficer, plus a few secondary dutieslike Post range officer, Post gas officer, and Trial Judge Advocate forspecial court martials. The workkeeps him busy enough, but not tothe extent where he can't visit fairlyfrequently that colorful, individual"city of iniquity," San Francisco.More important news, however, to report is Lt. Sigband's marriage on August 3 to Lt. Joan C. Lyons of theArmy Nurse Corps.At the time of induction AlexanderJ. Morin, '41, was serving as a laboreconomist for the maritime laborrelations division of the War Shipping Administration. Now he hasstarted basic training at the FieldArtillery replacement center at FortBrao-g, while his wife (Emily Shield,'41), and the two little girls remainin Washington. Elizabeth, 2, wasjoined on August 17 by Katherine.BEN SOHN & SONSManufacturers ofMATTRESSES ANDSTUDIO COUCHES1452 TelephoneW. Roosevelt Rd. Haymarket 3523Serving the Medical ProfessionSince 1895V. MUELLER & CO.SURGEONS' INSTRUMENTSHOSPITAL AND OFFICEFURNITUREORTHOPEDICAPPLIANCESPhone Seeley 2180, all departmentsOgden Ave., Van Buren andHonore StreetsChicago 12THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOGold wings of the Brazilian AirForce were pinned on Capt. BruceMallery, '41, recently at a Sixth AirForce fighter squadron base in Panama, on the graduation of the firstBrazilian fighter squadron after threemonths of combat training. Thewings were given Capt. Mallery inappreciation of his work as Americanflying instructor with the Braziliansquadron. Mallery has been servingfor over two years at a base in thewestern part of the Isthmus as afighter pilot instructor. By arrangement with the War Department theBrazilian Government organized itsfirst fighter squadron and sent it tothe United States for training, thento Panama to learn front line combattechnique. Capt. Mallery instructedthem in navigation, dive - bombing,gunnery, altitude and formation flying. In addition to the honor conferred on him by the Brazilian army,the captain has been awarded the AirMedal.Stephen Walsh, '41, says that"Eleanor" hasn't yet visited his islandout in the Pacific, where he's enjoying quite a change from Navy seaduty.Margaret Elverna Thompson, '42,is with the Red Cross at a stationhospital in New Guinea.Pvt. Franklin B. Evans, Jr., '43,hasn't run into a single U. of C.graduate in China but did read acopy of the Magazine recently in theG. I. dentist's office. Evans writesthat he's proud of the UniversityBEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICELICENSED - BONDEDINSUREDQUALIFIED WELDERSHAYmarket 79171404-08 S. Western Ave.. ChicagoSince 1878HANNIBAL, INC.UpholstersFurniture Repairing1919 N. Sheffield AvenuePhone: Lincoln 7180OBERG'SFLOWER SHOPflowers wired the world over1461 E. 57th StreetPhones: Fairfax 3670, 3671 and it pleases him no end to see thatthe war is not changing the University's policies toward a liberal education. He didn't think too well ofthe humanities course back in 1940,but having seen a lot more of theworld and come in contact withmany varied peoples, he is now betterable to appreciate that course andthe whole University.Lt. W. B. Riley, '43, has met several grads in the Marine Corps andsays they always have many commonmemories of the more carefree days.He struggled through boot training,OCS, and officers' class with DennisMcEvoy, '40, but they separated lastwinter. Riley is stationed at CherryPoint, N. C.Lt. T. W. Meldrum, '44, is withBase Weather at Page Field, Ft.Myers, Florida.THE CLASSES1895Francis A. Wood, PhD, is enjoying"professor emeritushood" in La Jolla,California.1896Elizabeth Wallace, professor emeritus of French literature and a lifetime student of French and Spanishculture, has a new book out that willdoubtless be read by more Mexicansthan Americans. Sor Juana Ines dela Cruz, published in Mexico City,tells the life story of Mexico's mostnoted woman poet, who lived in theseventeenth century. The book waswritten in 1943 after years of research and collecting data. PedroGringoire, literary critic of a newspaper in Mexico City, reviewed thebook in laudatory terms: "Miss Wallace, a cultured North American professor thoroughly versed in French,Spanish, and Portuguese literature,has produced, by veiling her eruditionunder the cloak of a clever narrative,one of the best volumes in the seriesof Lives of Mexicans." An earlierwork of Miss Wallace was also written in Spanish, La Perfecta Casada,published by the U. of C. Press.Joseph Raycroft, MD '99, writesthat the newspaper reports of theburning of the Princeton gymnasiumlast spring were an understatement,if anything, because absolutely nothing combustible was spared and ofthe non-combustible, the girders andsuch things were twisted into allkinds of strange shapes. Dr. Ray-croft's athletic library, which wasperhaps the most complete in theworld, was entirely lost. It includedreferences to sport as far back as theMinoan civilization of 3000 B. C. and MAGAZINE 21BIRCK-FELLINGER CORP.ExclusiveCleaners & Byers200 E. Marquette RoadPhone: Went. 5380TEACHERSREGISTRY & EXCHANGE32 W. Randolph Street, Chicago ISuite 1508-10 Randolph 0739Administrators — Teachers in all fieldsMember of N.A.T.A.i many old weapons and medals. One;. weapon he prized particularly wasa Scotch Claymore. It was signedby the maker, Andrea Ferara, bornin 1540. Among his collection ofmedals were some very good ones byTait McKenzie and some French? medals connected with World War I,L> such as the Angel of the Marne andthe Unknown Dead. Dr. Raycroftwrites: "A number of my friendsurge me to start over again withoutdelay and to replace as far as possi-n ble the more important items in theH library. This proposal was dupli-s cated, quite independently of anye others, by Mrs. Raycroft. Underr} these conditions, and in view of thet troubles in various parts of the world,e there is nothing for me to do buts follow on unless I can get down toSouth Africa."o 1899Josephine Allin is still at her in-e specting job in the Chicago plant ofthe Studebaker Corporation, workingeight hours a day six days a week.!; 1898a William F. Yust received thei} Rollins Decoration of Honor at the:s Founders Day Convocation last win-r ter for having "rendered services to;_ Rollins College second to no memberi3 of the faculty and staff." He waslibrarian at Rollins for ten years,;s having previously served in the samee capacity in the Louisville, Kentucky,n and Rochester, New York, publict3 libraries.L-^ Bertha Bishop, PhM '99, is living>f in Ardmore, Oklahoma, having re-d tired from high school teaching about11 five years ago. Before that time, as'- interest in modern languages seemed,s to her to be waning, she had sup-e plemented classes in language withd English, mathematics, and history.e She enjoys reading and solving "dou~d ble crostics."22 T H E UNIVERSI T Y O F C H I C A G O MAGAZINE1900Joseph F. Smith, MD Rush, hasbeen chief of the emergency medicalservice of the Council of Defense ofMarathon County, Wisconsin, besidescarrying on his practice as physicianand surgeon at Wausau.1901Mary Bewhurst Miles retired ayear ago as accountant at Frances .Shimer College and now is "makingrugs no one wants to use, makingmusic no one wants to hear, and writing stories no one wants to read,"but all of it is fun for her, she says.1902Herbert E. Fleming, PhD '05,senior class president, '02-'03 managing editor of The Daily Maroon,and a PhD in sociology and economics, is a writer for national business magazines. Long active in civicwork, he is a member of the boardof governors of the City Club of Chicago and chairman of its committeeon postwar planning and progress.Classmates will be sorry to learn Jthat Austin Hoy lost his son, Dion, a 1navigator in the Army Air Corps, inan air crash over Texas last June.Dion was one of twin brothers. Hehad attended Eton College in England and Williams College in thiscountry. Hoy lives in Southport,Conn.1903Charles Clark, JD '04, when notpracticing law in Chicago is indulging in golf and bowling and warwork.As professor of chemistry andexecutive secretary of the department, Hermann Schlesinger, PhD '05,has, since 1941, been concernedlargely with chemical investigationsfor various war agencies, as well asthe organization of the ASTP chemistry courses at the U.1904Edna Dunlap, AM '29, was president of the Society of Romance Language Teachers of Chicago for 1942-43. She has written, with NoelliaDubrule, Beginning French and Intermediate French, published by Scribner's.1905Mrs. Horace Z. Wilber (Jane Atwood, SM '15) is participating inmany civic activities in Ypsilanti,Michigan. She is chairman of theD.A.R. State Good Citizenship Pilgrimage Committee and treasurer ofthe local chapter; has taken part inevery war bond drive; is chairmanof a social agency committee; chairman of the program committee of theLiterary Club and secretary of the piatteoiie decoratingikttjitePhone Pullman 9170©10422 a&Jjobe* atoe., Chicago, 3W-ACMESHEET METAL WORK!ANIMAL CAGESandLaboratory Equipment1121 East 55th StreetPhone Hyde Park 9500t.»^co. CONCRETE\\ // FLOORS\^ZU SIDEWALKS\\ V MACHINE FOUNDATIONS\\ EMERGENCY WORKy ALL PHONESest. 192© Wentworth 44226639 So. Vernon Ave.HARRY EENIGENBURG, Jr.STANDARDREADY ROOFING CO.Complete Service10436 TelephoneS. Wabash Ave. Pullman 8500club; and has been on the programcommittee of the D.A.R. for the lastsix years.Ernest Quantrell is busily occupied ,in raising funds for the Choate Schoolat Wallingford, Connecticut, wherehe is on that board. His son, a graduate from Choate, is now in theNavy, stationed at San Bruno, California.Louis Martin Sears, AM '09, PhD'22, continues at Purdue Universityas professor of history.1906Frank G. Lewis, AM, PhD '07,finds time these days to enjoy hishobbies — genealogy and economics.He is living at Penn Yan, N. Y.The rank of emeritus professor hasbeen conferred on Julian PleasantBretz, PhD, Goldwin Smith professorof American history, who has retiredafter thirty-six years of active serviceat Cornell. For two years after receiving his decree he remained atU. of C. in the history department,then went to Cornell where he wasmade a full professor in 1910. Heserved as secretary of the Cornellfaculty from 1920 to 1926 and served on all important committees. He hasbeen active in politics and was Democratic candidate for Congress in 1930,1932, and 1934.Elizabeth A. Young, retired teacher,went to California in 1937 for thewinter, found so many friends therethat she and her sister decided todispose of their Indiana home andbuild a new home in Pilgrim Place,a community in Claremont startedby Congregationalists open to missionaries and Christian workers. Besides her victory garden and RedCross knitting she is treasurer of theFederation of Congregational Womenof Southern California and theSouthwest.1908Alice Greenacre, JD '11, remainsin general law practice with an officein Chicago. Besides, she is a member of the local elementary and highschool boards in the rural districtwhere she resides.Kenneth O. Crosby likes "the pastoral side of the ministry rather thanthe executive and administrative."He is chaplain to nine hospitals andother public institutions in the Chicago area, including the MunicipalTuberculosis Sanitarium, Countv Infirmary, and Oak Forest. He wasfour years with the Cathedral Shelter and for the past six has beenwith the Episcopal City Missions. Hisdaughter, Mary Adele Morris, married in 1939, lives in New York Citywith her two children while husband,John Morris, '37, is in France withthe invasion forces as correspondentfor Life. His son, Corp. John Crosby,'43, is at Smokey Hill Army Air Fieldin Salina, Kansas.Rev. John W. Stockwell, DB '11,writes that the U. of C. film andradio enterprises are much appreciated by him, especially since hehimself might be considered a pioneer in the use of both for educationand religion. Starting in 1923, hebroadcast over WCAU, Philadelphia,and instituted the first undenominational radio church soon after. Heused educational and religious filmsas far back as 1913 in a Philadelphiamoving picture house, the first timein that city any movie house wasallowed to open on Sundays. (Hehad special permission from thedirector of public safety and the support of the mayor.) Now Dr. Stock-well is specializing in radio broadcasting and in community and socialservice programs in Philadelphia andin various cities within the MarylandNew-Church Association field. Heis author of the book, Riding theQuestion Mark, which formulates theTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 23psychological, philosophical, andtheological concepts in the writingsof Swedenborg in application toacademic scientific theory and theological and philosophical trends inmodern times. The book is beingused as a textbook.Col. Benjamin C. Allin has beendrafted back out of service to takeover the airport and harbor development of Miami, "gateway to theAmericas." His official title is director of the Greater Miami PortAuthority.1909For the duration Sidney A. Telleris devoting his services to better Pan-American relations. He returned notlong ago from a good-will mission toMexico for the Pan-American GoodNeighbor Forum. During his sixmonths' visit Mr. Teller made nineteen addresses, most of them at theinvitation of the secretary for publiceducation.William F. Petersen, MD Rush '12,chairman of the board of directorsof the Institute of Medicine of Chicago, gave the Jaffe lecture of theinstitute at the Palmer House lastsummer.1911Richard Yates Rowe was appointedsecretary of state for Illinois by Governor Green last summer to succeedEdward J. Hughes, who died suddenly. Rowe had previously beenexecutive secretary of the Illinoisbudgetary commission and later chairman of the Republican state centralcommittee.Henry Johnson Ullmann, MD Rush'12, is practicing in Santa Barbara,specializing in radiology.1912Arnold R. Baar, JD '14, is headingup the Chicago Citizens Committeein favor of John T. Dempsey forstate's attorney. Baar won an alumnicitation last June.The teaching of conservation ofour natural resources is to become apart of the curriculum of the publicschools of Detroit, and preparationof the courses to be introduced hasbeen under the direction of A. R. 'Gilpin, SM, appointed as departmenthead of Conservation of Natural Resources. One of the first steps takenby Gilpin was the establishment ofthree new courses at Wayne University designed to qualify teachers tohandle the subject in the schools, andtextbooks are being prepared to coverthe subject matter from the firstgrades through to a graduate course.'A part of our plan is to teach soilconservation to many of our return- David A. Skeen, LLB '10, newly elected president of the InternationalAssociation of Lions Clubs, prominentattorney of Salt Lake City, and president of our local alumni club. Mr.Skeen has been active in Lions International for years, having served asdirector, third, second, and first vice-president on the international board aswell as district governor for Utah anddirector and president of the localclub. He is a charter and master keymember.ECONOMY SHEET METAL WORKS•Galvanized Iron and Copper CornicesSkylights, Gutters, Down SpoutsTile, Slate and Asbestos Roofing1927 MELROSE STREETBuckingham 1893LEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: Hyde Park 9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERAlbert Teachers' Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoEstablished 1886. Placement Bureau formen and women in all kinds of teachingpositions. Large and alert College andState Teachers' College departments forDoctors and Masters; forty per cent of ourbusiness. Critic and Grade Super»isors forNormal Schools placed every year in largenumbers; excellent opportunities. Specialteachers of Home Economics, Business Ad*ministration, Music, and Art, secure finepositions through us every year. PrivateSchools in all parts of the country amongour best patrons; good salaries. Well prepared High School teachers wanted for cityand suburban High Schools. Special manager handles Grade and Critic work. Sendfor folder today. ing servicemen, so that those whodecide to enter into agricultural pursuits will be better equipped to meetthe many problems that confrontthem," Gilpin says. "We look for agreat demand for well-trained geologists, foresters, and game management, soils, grass, and water pollution experts after the war. The contemplated courses of instruction willgo far to pave the way to meet thisneed." Gilpin also feels that studenttraining in conservation in the elementary and intermediate schoolswill assist materially in solving problems of juvenile delinquency.1913Mrs. John Maurice Clark (Winifred F. Miller) continues to act ascoordinator to a rapidly wideningand scattering family. Her husband,professor of economics at Columbia(he taught at U. of C. from 1915to 1926), is among other activitiesa member of President Hutchins'freedom of the press council. TheClarks' oldest son, John, received hiswings last spring and became engagedto Barbara Perry, Smith '43, a daughter of Rev. and Mrs. Alfred M. Perryof the Bangor Theological Seminary,Maine. Their other son, Frank, isoverseas with the Medical Corps ofa Naval air base.Clarence E. Jackson — better knownas "Jack" to his friends — is factorymanager for the Consolidated WaterPower and Paper Company in Wisconsin Rapids. The job is a big one,for the plant employs about 1,100 menand women and even in war days thehuge rolls of glazed paper come rolling out at a fast pace. He is anadvocate of the trade unions and theunion shop and attributes much ofthe company's achievement to successful collective bargaining.Mary E. Lottmann, AM '40, is"housewifing," gardening, and storywriting after being librarian for thepast seven years at Woodruff seniorhigh school in Peoria. Mrs. Lottmann writes that they have begunthere to install Professor Chave's unified, functional curriculum.Hazel K. Allen has been generalsecretary of the Cleveland Y.W.CA.for the past three years after serving .on the national staff of the GirlScouts as director of camps. It issaid that no one in the whole Cleveland Y.W.C.A. has a harder job anda better sense of humor than MissAllen.Marie Nagl Crossland holds forthas senior auditor in charge of reviewers in the audit section, income taxdivision, Internal Revenue Collector'soffice in Chicago.24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEGEO. D. MILLIGANCOMPANYPAINTING CONTRACTORS2101-9 South Kedzie AvenuePhone: Rockwell 8060SECRETARIALCourse leads quickly to. executive rank andhigh pay — in business or government service.Choice of Gregg, or "Stenotypy" — machineshorthand.Visit, write or phone for details.Biyant>0 StrattonCO LL)ECE18 S. Michigan Ave. Tel. Randolph 1575BOYDSTON BROS.AH phonei OAK. 0492operatingAuthorized Ambulance Servicefor Billings HospitalUniversity Clinics, etc.CADILLAC EQUIPMENT EXCLUSIVELYJoseph D. Oliver has been electeda director of the Oliver Farm Equipment Company.1914Mrs. James Pearce (Lydia Lee)writes: "Here I* am out in the Columbia Basin where almost overnight a desert area has been turnedinto a teeming town. My husband isan engineer on this vast governmentdefense proiect that embraces landmore inclusive than Chicago and itssuburbs. We lead a pioneering lifein many respects and are keen partakers in activities that are an attempt to give thousands of peoplehere a bit of entertainment and afeeling of 'belonging.5 I have recentlyacquired a granddaughter, SusanElizabeth Baker. Her father, Richard C. Baker, and mother, HelenPearce Baker (both former students)are still in Chicago. I have alsoannexed a new daughter - in - law,Ruth Schwartz, daughter of JudgeU. S. Schwartz and Marguerite Swa-wite Schwartz, AM '13, of the famousclass of Ee-o-leven. She and my son,Morton Lee Pearce, '41, a senior inthe Medical School at U. of C, arealso still in Chicago."W. J. Donald, PhD, is managingdirector of the National ElectricalManufacturers Association in NewYork. He was president of the TradeAssociation Executives in New YorkCity, 1937-38; president of the American Trade Association Executives,1941-42; and chairman of the Advisory Committee on GovernmentQuestionnaires, 1 942 -44. Lilian R. Gray has finished twentyyears of teaching English in Harrison high school in Chicago and hasone more year before compulsoryretirement, "but we'll say nothingabout that," she writes. She has beentaking part in Red Cross and otherpatriotic activities for the last fouryears.1915George Lyman went in the ArmyAugust 15, 1942, as a first lieutenantof military police, had a trip toAfrica to bring back a boat load ofAxis prisoners, was put on the inactive list March 29, 1944, as captain,CM. P., and now is art director withRoche, Williams and Cleary in Chicago, advertising some of the country's leading products. Outside timeis devoted to writing letters to twogrown-up children (one son is in theAir Forces) and playing tennis, despite protests from his wife (who, hesays, never saw him play).1916E. M. Kratz is assistant to thepresident of the Reynolds MetalsCompany, in charge of the Gary,Indiana, plant.After living twenty-three years ona stock ranch near Bixby, South Dakota, Mrs. Olaf Finstad (Ivah MayLister) has moved near Bison, SouthDakota, where they have four cows,some chickens and turkeys, and hopeto raise garden crops to help out thefood situation.Mrs. Harrison C. Foote (DorothyMoffett, '16) has two daughters inservice — Mary Esther, with theWAVES in San Francisco, and Dorothy Helen, a WAC in North Africa.Recipient of the honorary degreeof doctor of science from Clark University last June, Thomas L. Patterson, SM, PhD '20, has also beenelected an alumni trustee of the sameuniversity for a four-year-term, inone of the largest ballots ever castby Clark alumni. Patterson hasserved with the U. S. Departmentof Agriculture, Sheffield ScientificSchool of Yale, the microscopic laboratory at Highland Park, Universityof Maryland, Queen's College, Canada, University of Iowa, and DetroitCollege of Medicine. Since 1934 hehas served as professor of physiologyat the Wayne University College ofMedicine. He was honored in 1931by the receipt of the A. Cressy Morrison prize granted by the New YorkAcademy for the best paper submitted in experimental biology.Wesleyan University conferred thehonorary degree of doctor of scienceon Stanley D. Wilson, PhD, at commencement last June. Mr. Wilson has been dean of the college ofnatural sciences and professor oforganic chemistry at Yenching University, Peking. He was repatriatedon the second trip of the Gripsholmand arrived in New York last December. Since then he has beendoing government research at theCalifornia Institute of Technologyand has been appointed visiting professor and acting head of the chemistry department at Pomona Collegefor 1944-45. He was decorated bythe government of Free China in1941.1917Chapman and Grimes (Boston)has published Slave Insurrections inthe United States by James C. Carroll, AM '18, DB '19. Carroll "advances a well-documented thesis thatthe history of slavery in the UnitedStates may well be read as a historyof constant revolt expressing theNegro's innate aspiration to liberty."Four gaily colored geographies,illustrated in four colors, on El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, andUruguay appeared in 1943 with simple text by Lois Donaldson Kohler.These were followed by four more ofsimilar format on Guiana, Colombia,Paraguay, and Newfoundland. TheNew York Herald Tribune in a reviewof the books stated: "These unusual,effective little color books about neighboring nations maintain a high standard of conciseness, color, and choiceof information worth remembering.They give relative size, general contour, a bit of history, and somethingabout every-day life and avocations.Ashjian Bros., inc.ESTABLISHED 1921Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 South Chicago Phone Regent 6000Alice Banner Englewood 3181COLORED HELPFACTORY HELPSTORESSHOPSMILLS FOUNDRIESEnglewood Emp. Agcy., 5534 S. State St.Ajax Waste Paper Co.2600-2634 W. Taylor St.Buyers of Any QuantityWaste PaperScrap Metal and IronFor Prompt Service CallMr. B. Shedroff, Van Buren 0230THE UNIVFree use of bright color makes thempopular adjuncts to primary geography."Hedwig Stieglitz Kuhn, MD '19,and her husband, Dr. Hugh Kuhn,operate their own eye, ear, nose, andthroat clinic and hospital in Hammond, Indiana. She is a member ofthe Joint Committee on IndustrialOphthalmology representing both theA. M.A. and American Academy ofOphthalmology, which, she says, isa big job these days. She publisheda book last spring on IndustrialOphthalmology. Their two sons areboth in service — Lt. Robert is in themechanized armored cavalry and wasmarried April 28, while Arthur is apre-medic in the V-12 Navy programat Oberlin.Mrs. H. W. Kroll (Leoline Gardner) frequently compares campusnotes of '17 and '44 with her son,Harry, who completed his freshmanyear at Chicago last June and approves the Chicago plan. Mrs. Krollis living in Rockford.Donald E. Nichols has becomeassociated with the firm of Ames,Emerich and Company, Chicago, asa vice-president.1918Milton Coulter has bought a homein Glencoe where finally he has roomto garden — both flowers and vegetables — on his own property. Heretofore he's always had to travel froma block to half a mile to do as muchgardening as he wanted to. Someof his victory-garden neighbors areTimothy A. BarrettPLASTERERRepairing A Specialty5549 S. Cottage Grove Ave.Phone Hyde Park 0653The Best Place to Eat on the South SideCOLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone Hyde Park 6324MOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF QUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago . . State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C. ALUMNI IRSITY OF CHICAGOWilliam Dalgetay, '17, Howard Gren-ville Davis, '23, and Mrs. Davis(Katherine Longwell, '23).Dorothy Fay Barclay since graduating from the second nurse's aideclass has been giving two days aweek, first at St. Bernard's Hospitaland for the past seventeen monthsat the Blood Bank, dropping all herother activities except active membership and board membership in theApollo Musical Club and knitting forthe British War Relief and RedCross. Otherwise, she writes, "mytitle is still housewife." She reportsthat Leona Fay Briggs, '22, hasmoved to the country outside Valparaiso, Indiana, and plays with aGary symphony orchestra. ElizabethWalker, '20, writes the ChicagoTimes column, "No Man's Land."Leaving his position as director ofresearch of the Chicago Plan Commission, Homer Hoyt, JD, PhD '33,has been director of economic studiesof the Regional Plan Association ofNew York for a year. The association is about to publish a report onthe economic trends of the New Yorkmetropolitan region. The Hoyts havebought a home in Larchmont, NewYork, and in the family of six theyhave all ages— from Michael, 15months, to mother, 85.Rose F. Solberg teaches English inthe Senior high school at Chisholm,Minnesota. She spent her summervacation at Pierre, South > Dakota.Leo Brandes, MD '21, is medicalexaminer for one of the SelectiveService boards in Los Angeles. He'sworking pretty hard, he says, and"the babies keep coming off the assembly line at a rapid pace."Helen E. Loth, AM '20, PhD '36,is teaching Latin and Spanish at theState Teachers College in Superior,Wisconsin.1919"The once despised subject ofmathematics is now most important,especially for the boys, but it requiresjust as much explanation, drill, andpatience to teach as before," writesE. Marie Plapp, SM '20, long-timeteacher of math in Marshall highschool, Chicago. After school wasout she spent her summer doinghousework, canning fruit and vegetables, and gardening instead of wandering all over the world as in prewar days.Al Dear, Jr., of the Jersey Journalis "in every way possible trying tohelp win the war, enjoying life, trying to keep up with the New Deal,and promoting the idea of a free stateuniversity in New Jersey." Mrs.Dear was Ella Cyrene Bakke and he MAGAZINE 25EASTMAN COAL CO.Established 1902YARDS ALL OVER TOWNGENERAL OFFICES342 N. Oakley Blvd.Telephone Seeley 4488TELEPHONE HAYMARKET 4566O'CALLAGHAN BROS., Inc.PLUMBING CONTRACTORS21 SOUTH GREEN ST.E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph — Offset — Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabash 8182"thanks God and the U. of C. forher."Clemens Niemi, AM, has publishedthe third edition of his Finnish grammar.Ernest L. Stockton is executivesecretary of the Washington Cathedral in the capital city. Namedpresident of Cumberland Universityin 1926, he continued in that capacity until the Army took over the institution in 1941 for war training.He then became a member of the executive staff of the Coordinator ofInter-American Affairs in Washington, and assumed his present post lastMarch.Jessie B. Merry has recently beenappointed a visitor in the JasperCounty welfare department, Rensselaer, Indiana. Blanche Merry, '12,is in charge of the Merry Mountfarm near Rensselaer.Mary Quale Innes is author of thebook, Stand on a Rainbow (Duell,Sloan and Pearce), the story of amother's glorious year with her happybrood of children. Reviewer JessicaNelson North, '21, says of the book:"Stand on a Rainbow has in it thelyric substratum overlaid with a mature realism and leavened throughoutwith a delicious humor."1920Harold S. Matthews, AM, and hiswife are moving from their Grinnell,Iowa, home to the east to awaittravel permit for return to China.They hope to sail within a year to26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEresume missionary work under theauspices of the CongregationalChurch. Their son, Homer, is a sergeant with the Air Corps in Europe;Alden is studying at Chicago Theological Seminary in V-12 for Navalchaplaincy; and daughter Charlottehas entered Northfield Seminary,Massachusetts, to finish her highschool course as a senior.Stella Mamie Johnson is principalof the Park Manor school in Chicago.Robert E. Mathews, JD, has beenappointed associate general counselof the National War Labor Board.He formerly held a similiar positionwith the Office of Foreign EconomicAdministration.George L. McKay, curator of theGrolier Club, has recently publisheda limited edition of Early AmericanCurrency, which traces the development of paper money in the NewEngland Colonies from the first notesissued in 1690 to the currency usedduring the American Revolution.Only 150 copies arc available forgeneral sale.Janet Fairbank sang in one of theAlbert K. Epstein, '11B. R. Harris, "21Epstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. Chicago -Tel. Cent. 4285-6 U. of C. composers concerts lastspring and expects to sing in thechamber music series this year. Sheis also doing another recital of modern American music (with manyworld premieres) in New York thisfall besides singing at collegesthroughout the country.1921Leonard J. Bezark and HarrietRolfe Bezark, '22, have a second generation alumna daughter, Barbara,who got her degree last June.Enola B. Hamilton, AM '36, continues as principal of the Lawton elementary school in New Orleans. Asa hobby she has assembled a collection of more than two hundred dolls.1922The son of James Turner, JD, is alieutenant in the Army Air Corps.James Jr. is the third generation totrain at the University. His grandfather and grandmother (Lincolnand Eloise Hulley) met on the Midway, and as well as James TurnerSr. and Louise Hulley. Lt. Turnerleft the Midway in February, 1943,when halfway through his freshmanyear. His sister, Gloria, finished herfreshman year last June.1923Murray C. Eddy, MD Rush '25,general surgeon in Hays, Kansas, tellsus that he spends half his time worrying about other people's troubles andthe other half airing his own. "Iassociate socially only with Republicans and for a hobby I pan the NewDealers."Sew and Save is the title of thenew home economics work bookwritten by Edna Burhans, director ofhome economics in the Burlington,Iowa, high school, published recentlyby the College Entrance Book Co. ofNew York City. Molly M. Slonimof the Central Needle Trades highschool in New York, authored the introductory paragraphs of each chapter, and the book is illustrated byMiss Donley, also of New York.Hazel Willet Frese has one of themost unusual hobbies we've heard of— she is a "collector of animalana."Since 1937 she has clipped pictures,advertisements, articles, cartoons,magazine covers, etc., from magazines and newspapers featuring cats,dogs, and most zoo animals. So faras she can learn she is the only onein the United States having such acollection, which is carefully indexedaccording to subject and animal. Shehas complete files on animal heroes,criminals, entertainers, diseases, animals at war, experimental animals,and educated animals. For virtually every phase of publicized human activity Mrs. Frese has a clipping on itsanimal counterpart. She writes: "It'snice to have been a graduate of theUniversity of Chicago. Without thatgood education no doubt I wouldnever have had the creative and inspirational ability to build up such ahobby." As a vocation, Mrs. Freseworks the third shift in the personnel division of the Glenn Martinplant at Middle River, Maryland, butsays she would rather be "personneldirector of a zoo."1924Lester Blair's family is arriving ata period when it is difficult to followtheir many activities. Phyllis is asenior at the University of Californiaand Joan entered there this fall,Nancy is in high school. John Kenneth, after completing one year atUP FOR ELECTIONThree Chicago alumni are figuring prominently in the California elections this fall. William D.Campbell, LLB '21, Los Angelesattorney is running for RepublicanCongressman in the FourteenthDistrict. Carlton H. Casjens, JD'21, city attorney of Bell, is running for the same office in theNineteenth District; and JudgeStanley Mosk, '33, is up for election as Judge of the Superior Courtof Los Angeles County.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 27HOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone Dorchester 1579Phone: Saginaw 3202FRANK CURRANRoofing & InsulationLeaks RepairedFree EstimatesFRANK CURRAN ROOFING CO.8019 Bennett St.ESTABLISHED 1908ROOFING and INSULATINGSan Jose State, entered the Navy asan aviation cadet, and BradfordScott, about six years old, is in firstgrade. Mrs. Blair "is doing an ad;mirable job of management for theBlair clan" while Lester is with theSacramento Air Service Command ina civilian capacity.Barclay L. Jones, PhD, is connected with the Friends' CentralSchool in Overbrook, Philadelphia.The school will celebrate its hundredth anniversary in 1944-45 andamong a number of activities therewill be a series of four public lecturesby men of fame throughout the country. President Hutchins is slated forthe first, in November.1925The twin sons, Richard David andDaniel Roger, of Irvin Goldman, JD'27, are prospective U. of C. candidates. They celebrated their eighthbirthday last May.Mrs. Robert T. Livers (Jean Hess)is busy supervising the Chicago Boardof Education's war nursery schoolprogram. The nurseries care forchildren two to six years old whosemothers are working.Homer H. Dubs, PhD, has beenappointed visiting professor of Chinese at Columbia University. Thesecond volume of his translation fromthe Chinese, The History of the For-rner Han Dynasty by Pan Ky, a critical translation with annotations,appeared in the summer.Erling Dorf, PhD '30 is associateprofessor and acting chairman of the geology department at PrincetonUniversity. He was recently appointed chairman of the NationalResearch Council's Committee onPaleobotany, and in 1943 was electedvice-president of the PaleontologicalSociety of America. During the warDorf has been teaching topographicmaps and airplane photos to Marines,physical geography to Army trainees,and geology to 4-F's and 17-year-olds. Among his extra-curricular activities he has been serving as chiefair raid waraen of Princeton, chairman of the Princeton blood donorservice, and as a member of severalPrinceton University committees. Besides all this he still has time for avictory garden and his family of threesons, ages 7/2, 5/2, and 2/2.1926Paul Gossard, AM, PhD '40, became superintendent of schools atQuincy, Massachusetts, last June.Isabelle Williams Holt (daughterof Evangeline P. Williams, '98) wasvisiting instructor of art last summerat the University of Arizona. Herhusband, Lt. Arthur Holt, is with theNavy in the South Pacific.1927Ruth Kellogg, AM, gardens evenin a Washington back yard duringher absence from her home in Connecticut. She is working with theArmy Service Forces in the civilianpersonnel branch.Virgil Roy Gunn, AM, is on thefaculty of San Angelo, Texas, College.George W. Bachman, PhD, who isin this country after two years as director of medical relief in China, wasgiven the honorary degree of doctorof science in May by Heidelberg College, Tiffin, Ohio, where he did hisundergraduate work.1928During the last academic yearRalph S. Newcomb, PhD, assisted inthe war effort by devoting part of histime training more than 2,000 aviation cadets in aeronautical navigationand mathematics at the training detachment base at Oklahoma CityUniversity.Mary Holoubek Zimmerman hasmoved with family and lares andpenates to the charming town ofWhitewater, Wisconsin. Mimi Zimmerman arrived on January 6.Raymond Watson, AM, is superintendent of the public schools at Hastings, Nebraska.Harry H. Dunn, JD, is attorney forReno County, with offices in thebeautiful Reno County court houseat Hutchinson, Kansas. Ivar Spector, PhD, member of thestaff of the University of Washington, is author of the successfully andwidely used text on College Russianas well as the revised and enlargededition of The Golden Age of Russian Literature — a book which presents the leading Russian authors andacquaints the average reader withthe wealth of Russian literary production.Esther M. Anderson is chief dietitian at the Veterans Hospital in DesMoines, having been associated withthe Veterans Administration since1929.1930Lillian Egerton tells us she wasfortunate enough a year ago to beaccepted into the first program forexecutives to be conducted by theSchool of Business. Now she is assistant executive secretary of the Citizens' Association of Chicago, whoseobjects are to insure a more perfectadministration of our municipal affairs; to protect citizens, so far aspossible, against the evils of carelessor corrupt legislation; to correct existing abuses, and to prevent theirfuture recurrence; and to familiarizecitizens with the work of the city-council, the activities of its members,and the qualifications of aldermaniccandidates.Milton A. Saffir, PhD '35, is director of the Psychological GuidanceCenter in Chicago, which recentlyestablished new and enlarged quarters in the Pittsfield Building. He is28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO M AGAZINEalso psychologist on the staff of theChicago public schools. The Psychological Guidance Center is one of avery few agencies which provides theservices of psychologists of recognizedscientific standing on a private basisfor aptitude testing, vocational guidance, and counselling on the psychological problems of children, parents,young people, and adults.1932Ruth Jahnke is teaching at Whit-tier School in Chicago.Arthur D. Gray, AM, is completinghis tenth year in the Cincinnati publie schools and is chairman of theWorld History Curriculum Committee for the high schools. He teachessocial studies in the Hartwell highschool and is also curriculum assistant in the social studies for the highschools. Last year, in collaborationwith Clare Westenfield, AM '28, hewrote Civics for Ohio for MacMillanas a supplement to their textbook,Civics in American Life.Phyllis Williams Frost is the proudmother of a two-year old daughter,Roberta Ann. Mrs. Frost, formerlylibrarian with the Chicago publicsystem, is living in Allegan, Michigan.Mary F. Harty is a welfare workerfor the Red Cross at Gardiner Hospital in Chicago.1933Gertrude Fennema started kindergarten teaching this month in theUniversity's Elementary School.Mount Union College at Alliance,Ohio, has Phila Abigail Humphreyson its teaching staff.1934Charles Hauch, AM '36, PhD '42,has transferred from the office of theCoordinator of Inter - American Affairs to that of divisional assistant incharge of the Haiti-Dominican Republic desk, division of Caribbeanand Central American affairs of theState Department in Washington.Virginia Holton, AM '42, is a childguidance counsellor for the Institutefor Juvenile Research in Chicago.1935Louise C. Walker and her husband,Robert Walker, '34, PhD '40, withtheir two sons, Bobby, 3, and Jerry,1, still live in Arlington, Virginia.Walker is an assistant to the director,Office of Budget and Finance of theDepartment of Agriculture.Miriam G. Buck, PhD, has becomeassociate professor at Oklahoma College for Women at Chickasha.Clara Morley Rathbun is at Wilmington, Ohio, for the duration whileher husband is stationed at Clinton County Army air field. Their son,David, is almost two now.The First Presbyterian Church ofNewton, Iowa, decided at their annual congregational meeting lastspring to include women as elders.Elizabeth Pollock, AM, was one oftwo women chosen for the group andhas been installed and ordained.Kenneth L. Parker, PhD, returnedto India some time ago and is stationed at Miraj as business superintendent of the Miraj Medical Centre.He is on loan from the North IndiaMission to the West India Mission ofthe Presbyterian Church of theU. S. A.1936Hazel Davis, AM, is assistant director of research for the National Education Association in Washington,D. C. Particularly interesting assignments of the past year included editing the 1944 Yearbook of the Ameri-GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzi© 3 1 86CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency61st YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoMinneapolis — Kansas City, Mo.Spokane — New YorkPETERSONFIREPROOFWAREHOUSESTORAGEMOVING•Foreign — DomesticShipments•55th & ELLIS AVENUEPHONEMIDway 9700 can Association of School Administrators (a department of the N. E.A.) on "Morale for a Free World,"and preparing the December issue ofthe Research Bulletin on "Teachers'Salaries and the Public Welfare."Perry Lee Starbuck, MBA, is withthe educational department of theInternational Business Machines Corporation in New York.Eleanor Volberding, AM, is takingup her duties at Stephens College,Columbia, Missouri, as an instructorthis fall.1937Several fellows from the class gathered in New York late in the summerand vowed in parting that theywould try to keep a little more closelyin touch with everybody by forwarding notes for the Magazine. "Noneof us likes to turn to the '37 sectionand find the list of names only five orsix long," wrote Major Bob Bethke,so he went right to it and forwardedus the following. He, by the way, iswith the Overseas Supply Division,Headquarters, New York Port ofEmbarkation, Brooklyn Army Base,as chief of the procedures and reportssection. Complete addresses of thoseoverseas were sent us by Bob, but dueto censorship regulations we can'tpublish them. We will, however, beglad to forward any mail addressedin our care.Peggy Thompson and Richard F.Kinnaird, SM '36, were married onJuly 1 at St. Francis Chapel on theUniversity of Wisconsin campus,where she had been assistant to thechaplain. Richard is an optical engineer for Perkin-Elmer Corporation inStamford, Connecticut, and they areliving there at 139 Mayflower Gardens.Lt. Richard T. Smith is on a destroyer operating out of San Francisco. He's been with the same shipfor over two years. Lt. Dal Staufferis a medical officer at the U. S. NavalHospital, Bremerton, Washington.Lt. Julian A. Kiser is serving in anintelligence post with a bomber command. Julian has been spending someleave at Brisbane, Australia. EnsignChuck S. Wilson, Jr., is on a destroyer escort. He took part in theinvasion of Normandy, as part of theNaval supporting force.Lt. Walter G. Eckersall is withBattery C, 379th AAA, AW, Bn,Camp Hulen, Texas. Daniel C.Smith is doing war contract law workwith the Chicago Bridge and IronWorks, Chicago.Lt. Ed S. Stern is in the Pacificfight on a carrier. Lt. Prescott (Bud)Jordan is a Navy doctor attached toTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 29the Amphibious Corps (Marines).John Beal is a doctor with the NewYork Hospital, New York City.Major Fred L. Devereux, Jr., iswith the 86th Infantry Division,A.P.O. No. 450, Camp Livingston,Louisiana, serving as G-2. Fred graduated from the Command and General Staff School in 1943. Lt. William (Bill) A. Runyan is on a destroyer escort. Wilbur R. Groebeentered the Navy on April 6, 1944,and is completing specialized trainingin radiology.Ensign Karl L. Adams has justcompleted a course in damage controlat the Philadelphia Navy Yard andis awaiting assignment to a destroyer.Lt. Robert Barr is an ordnance officerat Fort Sheridan, Illinois. EnsignRobert E. Young is attached to a destroyer. 1st Lt. John J. Ballerigeris doing ear, nose, and throat workin a base hospital in England.Major N. Allen Riley is overseaswith a bomber command. John G.Morris is the Life correspondent inLondon. Ensign Charles F. Reed hasa Navy address.1938Ithiel de Sola Pool, AM '39, isteaching political science at HobartCollege and is chairman of the division of social studies, while Mrs. Pool(Judith Graham, '39) is teachingphysicis at the same college.Dan Cooper, AM, has joined thepublic schools system in Pittsburgh,Pennsylvania.Clark Seely, MD Rush, has been inpediatric practice in Kansas City,Missouri, for a year after trainingthere for three years in the GeneralHospital. Last October he was married to Dorothy D. Dixon, a bacteriologist.^ Winston H. Bostick, PhD '41, andhis wife are engaged in war researchat M.I.T. Mrs. Bostick, the formerVirginia Lord, has a BA and MAfrom Tufts College. They were married two years ago last June on topof Cannon Mountain, New Hampshire.1940Beatrice Ann Frear since last springhas been an editorial assistant on thestaff of Banking magazine, the journal of the American Bankers Association. She likes the work, whichcombines her writing and economicsinterests.Blanche J. Vodvarka, AM, is atOak Ridge, Tennessee, teaching therem the elementary school.Katherine A. Frederic, PhD, hasbeen appointed one of three members°f a loyalty rating board to investigate and make initial decisions in loyalty cases for the Civil ServiceCommission in Washington.An award of $2500, the largestcash payment made by the War Department since the start of its employes suggestion program a year ago,was presented to Richard Norian, acivilian employe of the Chicago Ordnance District. Norian's idea, involving the salvaging of fiberboard packaging materials, is resulting in current savings to the government ofalmost four million dollars a year. Inaddition to the cash award Norianhas been presented with the War Department's exceptional civilian service award. The prize winning suggestion was a method for saving andre-using fiberboard partitions used inpacking small shell bodies, cartridgecases, and other ammunition partsfor shipment to government-ownedpowder loading plants.Mary N. Stephenson, AM, resignedfrom the service during the transitionfrom WAAC to WAC, in order to return to Colorado as state directorof public assistance, replacing theformer incumbent who had resigneddue to ill health.1941Leo J. Cieminski, AM, has left hisposition with the Illinois State Training School for Boys to becomepsychological examiner at the ArmedForces Induction Station in Chicago.Bina Deneen House, AM, is teaching in the Proviso Township highschool in Maywood.Sara-Jane Haven, AM, is teachingat Tudor Hall in Indianapolis.!942James Niday is still working aschemist with the chemical engineering department of T.V.A. at WilsonDam.Berta Howell, after a year with theIndustrial Surveys Company in NewYork, reports that she finds both thecity and her work — radio programaudience research — a lot of fun.Robert K. Burns, PhD, has accepted an appointment as specialassistant to General Frank T. Hines,to be in charge of planning and program development of the Retrainingand Reemployment Administration,looking toward the retraining andreemployment of service men andwar workers.1943Paul E. Thompson, PhD, has beenappointed assistant professor in thedepartment of tropical diseases atTulane University. Last spring hewas awarded the Howard TaylorRicketts prize for his outstanding research on malaria at the U. of C.while working on the Mr. and Mrs.Logan Research Fellowship. Thompson's research resulted in the discovery of three new species of malarialparasites peculiar to lizards fromMexico and Florida and has contributed significantly to knowledge ofthe life cycle of malaria. His findingsin a field never before investigatedare considered helpful in understanding some of the current problems ofmalariology.Helen Katharine Haughton has become assistant professor of art atFlorida State College for Women inTallahassee.Sidney S. Harcave, PhD, is ananalyst with the Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service of the Federal Communications Commission inWashington.Janet MacDonald, PhD, is teachingat Vassar College this fall.1944Elizabeth Trout is teaching at theThornton Fractional Township high30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEschool in Calumet City, and JaneBlair, AM, is teaching at WaukeganTownship high school.Harold Jaffee, PhD, has joined thefaculty of St. Thomas Military Academy in St. Paul, Minn.Elizabeth Hilts, AM, has been appointed remedial reading clinician atStephens College.Marion C. McPherson, AM, hasbecome executive secretary of theCleveland Welfare Federation's occupational planning committee, an association of all organizations in Cleveland giving vocational training orguidance for jobs. Mrs. McPhersonwill coordinate the work of the member organizations.SOCIAL SERVICEElizabeth Wisner, PhD '29, dean ofthe School of Social Work at TulaneUniversity, was president of the National Conference of Social Workthis past year and presided over themeetings of the conference held atCleveland, May 21-27. Her veryable presidential address, War andthe Social Services, was delivered onthe night of the opening day of theconference. One hundred and eightyalumni of the School of Social Service Administration met together forbreakfast at the time of the nationalconference. Aileen Maccracken, AM'33, of Cleveland made all arrangements for this most successful meeting. Dean Wright presided and presented Miss Breckinridge and MissAbbott. Miss Abbott conducted thetraditional role call of all memberspresent. Two alumni, members ofthe armed forces, Sgt. Bertram Beckand Pvt. Forest Whitney, were present. It was especially pleasant tohave present Hien-Chan Chang, AM'38, of the Chinese Ministry of SocialWelfare, who is spending a fewmonths in Washington, and MarthaBranscombe, AM '39, PhD '42, spokebriefly of her work with UNRRA.POND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHooven TypewritingMultigraphingAddressograph Service MimeographingAddressingMailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones 418 So. Market St.Harrison 8118 ChicagoCLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3935"Good Printing of All Descriptions" Tuck PointingMaintenanceCleaning PHONEGRAceland 0800CENTRAL BUILDING CLEANING CO.CalkingStainingMasonryAcid WashingSand BlastingSteam CleaningWater Proofing 3347 N. Halsted StreetPhones Oakland 0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park AwnJng Co.#INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueMiss Branscombe has been madechief of the child care branch of thewelfare division of UNRRA. Wehad several special guests who havebeen long-time friends of the School— Dr. Ellen Potter, president-elect ofthe conference, Miss Kate McMahon,and Miss Josephine Roche.A new book in the series of Walgreen Studies of American Institutions entitled Social Service in Wartime and edited by Dean Helen R.Wright, has recently come from theUniversity Press. This is a series oflectures given by members of thefaculty of the School of Social Service Administration and other socialwork authorities in the autumn of1943 under the auspices of theCharles R. Walgreen Foundation.Eleanor Goltz Cranefield, AM '30,associate professor and supervisor qffield work, University of MichiganInstitute of Public and Social Administration; Phyllis Osborn, AM '31,regional representative of the SocialSecurity Board, Kansas City, Missouri; Audrey Sayman, AM '36,assistant professor of psychiatric casework, School of Social Work, TulaneUniversity; and Elsa Castendyck ofthe U. S. Children's Bureau were allvisiting professors at the School ofSocial Service Administration duringthe summer quarter. Mrs. Cranefieldtaught a course in case work supervision, Miss Osborn taught federalaspects of public assistance, MissSayman taught case work with thechild, and Miss Castendyck taughtsocial law enforcement agencies inrelation to juvenile delinquency.Mrs. Jim Chiles, AM '39, formerlyof the faculty of the Nashville Schoolof Social Work, has joined the faculty of our School and began herwork here this summer quarter.Lois Wildy, assistant professor ofcase work, has been appointeddirector of case work at the IllinoisChildren's Home and Aid Society. She will, however, continue herteaching at the University.Rosemary Buchanan, a formerstudent at the School, has joined thefield work staff and is supervisingbeginning students in the CookCounty Bureau of Public Welfare,aid to dependent children's unit.Ellen Wallace, AM '27, has accepted a position as field directorwith the American Red Cross, Thayer General Hospital, Nashville, Tennessee.Nathan Berman, AM '33, has recently accepted a position with theUnited Jewish Social Services ofKansas City, Missouri.Pauline Bakeman, AM '35, hasbeen made the supervisor of theschool project with the children'sservices of the Board of Public Welfare in Washington, D. C.Duane Christy, AM '35, has beenmade the executive of the Children'sHome in Cincinnati, Ohio.Agnes Bennett Murphy, AM '35,has been made supervisor of thecounseling service in the wartimechild care program of the board ofeducation in Dayton, Ohio.Minnie Passamaneck, AM '35, hasaccepted a position as medical socialconsultant in the services for crippled children in the Indiana StateDepartment of Public Welfare.Violet Sieder, AM '36, has joinedthe staff of the Community Chestsand Councils Inc., in the health andwelfare planning activities.Anne Council, AM '38, has beenmade director of home service in thesoutheastern area, American RedCross, and is located in Atlanta,Georgia.Alice Wolf, AM '38, has been appointed supervisor of case work inthe Chicago office of the children'sdivision of the Illinois State Department of Public Welfare.Frieda Brackebusch, AM '39, hasbeen appointed secretary of theWasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phones: Wentworth 8620-1-2-3-4Wasson's Coal Makes Good — or —Wasson DoesSTANDARDBOILER and TANK CO.524 WEST 42nd STREETTelephone BOUIevard 5886THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 31BOYDSTON BROS., INC.UNDERTAKERSf Since 18924227-29-31 Cottage Grove Ave.All Phones OAKIand 0492La Touraine Coffee Co.IMPORTERS AND ROASTERS OFLA TOURAINECOFFEE AND TEA209-13 MILWAUKEE AVE., CHICAGOat Lake and Canal Sts.Phone State 1350Boston — New York — Philadelphia — Syracusehealth and hospital division of theSocial Planning Council of St. Louisand St. Louis County.Oscar Whitebook, AM '39, has accepted the position of director ofresearch and statistics for the ninthregion of the Federal Housing Authority in Seattle, Washington.H. Farrand Livingston, AM '40,has been made chief of public assistance in the Department of SocialSecurity in South Dakota.Jimmy Fuerst, AM '41, is now associate statistician with the division ofstatistical research in the U. S. Children's Bureau, Washington, D. C.Irving Sanders, AM '41, has beenmade assistant superintendent of thejuvenile parole division of the StateDepartment of Public Welfare in Illinois.Elizabeth Baker, AM '42, is childcare consultant with the Children'sBureau of the Virginia Departmentof Public Welfare in Richmond.Sgt. Bertram Beck, AM '42, hasbeen assigned as psychiatric socialworker to the mental hygiene unit atDrew Field, Florida.Gladys Goettling, AM '42, has beenmade an instructor in the trainingcourse for social work at IndianaUniversity.Annie Bendien, AM '43, has joinedthe Netherlands Women's VoluntaryCorps and is now overseas.Robert Burgess, AM '43, has beenmade director of social service of theState Prison and Men's Reformatoryin Rhode Island.Rosalie Herman, AM '43, has beenappointed psychiatric social workerm the social service department ofMt. Sinai Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio.Dorothy Swisshelm, AM '43, hasbeen made case work supervisor ofthe child welfare division of the StateDepartment of Public Welfare inFrankfort, Kentucky.Anne Sory, AM '44, will be teach ing community organization and casework at Scarritt College in Nashville,Tennessee, beginning with the fallquarter.Of the students who took the master's degree at the spring convocation, Jane Dyer has accepted a position as medical social worker withthe University Clinics and DorothyMcCague with the Presbyterian Hospital in New York City. The following students have taken positions inchild welfare work: Nora Englishwith Sunset Camp at Bartlett, Illinois; Sarabelle McCleery with theRyther Child Center in Seattle,Washington; Elizabeth Meek with theChicago Orphan Asylum; Mary EttaNewsom, probation officer with thejuvenile court of the District of Columbia; Carmen Rodriguez, directorof child welfare services, Departmentof Public Welfare in Puerto Rico andalso instructor and field work supervisor at the University of PuertoRico; Elizabeth Stringer, IllinoisChildren's Home and Aid Society.Others are Annie Levy who is a caseworker with the United Charities ofChicago; Marion McPherson, whohas been made executive secretary ofthe occupational planning committee,Welfare Federation of Cleveland,Ohio; Florence Miller, who is teaching in the department of sociology atthe University of Indiana; ElizabethThomas, psychiatric social worker inthe Psychopathic Hospital, IowaCity; Margaret Jelley Williams, onthe faculty of the department ofsocial work, Washington University,St. Louis, Missouri; and Sarah Yoder,who has returned to the State Department of Public Welfare in Maryland.ENGLEWOODELECTRICAL SUPPLY CO.Distributors, Manufacturers and Jobbers ofELECTRICAL MATERIALS ANDFIXTURE SUPPLIES5801S. Halsted Street Englewood7500HIGHEST RATED IN UNITED STATESENGRAVERS SINCE 1906 + WORK DONE BY ALL PROCESSES' +¦+ ESTIMATES GLADLY FURNISHED +? ANY PUBLISHER OUR REFERENCE +JRAYNER^• DALHEIM &CO.20*# W. LAKE ST., CHICAGO. AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement which limits Itswork to the university and college Held.It is affiliated with the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.JOSEPH H. BIGGSFine Catering in all its branches50 East Huron StreetTel. Sup. 0900—0901Retail Deliveries Daily and SundaysQuality and Service Since 1882ENGAGEMENTSBetty Lou Simson, '44, has becomeengaged to Richard Ray Taylor, '44,student in the Medical School. Bettyis Nu Pi Sigma, Esoteric, and washead of Inter-Club last year. Richardis a Beta Theta Pi and the son ofCharles Fletcher Taylor, '16, MD,Rush '18, of the Kansas State Tuberculosis Sanitarium at Newton.The engagement has been announced of Mary A. McGee to Lt.Francis C. Dougherty, '39, JD '41,of the Army Air Forces. The bride-to-be resides in Plainfield, New Jersey, and attended Edgewood ParkJunior College at Briarcliff Manor,N. Y.MARRIAGESMildred Peabody, '14, was marriedto Dr. Leonard Roy Chapman onMay 23 and is now living in ' Glen-dora, California, where the doctorhas his practice. The brjde had beenteaching in Greenwich, Connecticut,since 1922.Norma A. Zuzanek was married toHolly Reed Bennett, '14, on May 13in Chicago. They are at home at2457 Orchard Street, Chicago.Marion June Salisbury, '39, toDonald G. Williamson, a graduate ofDartmouth, on May 20. They are athome at 712 North Austin Boulevard,Oak Park, 111.On February 5 Charlotte - AnnBillington, AM '41, to Robert C.Breed. At home at 416 LafayetteAvenue, S.E., Grand Rapids, Michigan.On July 1 in Cleveland Dorothy G,Jones to Lt. William A. Kimball '41,son of Oliver P. Kimball, '14, 1944citationist, and Mrs. Kimball. Thebride attended Northwestern. Thenewlyweds are living in Pampa,Texas, where Lt. Kimball is a pilotinstructor.Virginia J. Hunholz to Robert U.32 THE UNIVStolhand, AM '42, on May 6 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where he is employed with the Milwaukee CountyJuvenile Court Probation Department.Margaret Ann Breed was marriedto Lt. Alfred L. Gentzler, '42, of theCoast Guard on August 13 in Chicago. The bride is a daughter ofFrederick S. Breed, emeritus professorof the education department, andMrs. Breed.Lt. Col. and Mrs. George G. Shorannounce the marriage of theirdaughter, Ensign Dorothy Hathaway,to Lt. Philip D. Thompson, '44,A.U.S., on June 8 in New York City.Pfc. John R. Cox, former student,and Doris Louise Hendrickson, '44,on May 2. He is with the Marinesand expects soon to be on his wayoverseas.Lois Hainsfurther, '44, to Army Lt.Jack W. Kuhn on June 24.BIRTHSA son, Louis C. Jr., to Louis C.Sass, '32, and Mrs. Sass on April 27in San Tome, Venezuela. The familyof three is vacationing in the Statesthis fall. Grandparents of the babyare Frederick Sass, '01, and Mrs. Sass(Edith Shaffer, '03) of Denver.Becky Jane, 6 lbs. 3 ozs., arrived onJune 18 at the home of Robert ScottMiner, '40, and Mrs. Miner, in Railway, New Jersey.To Olin Neill Emmons, '43, andMrs. Emmons a daughter, CatherinePark, on January 11. The Emmonsesare living in Chicago.On June 24 Cynthia Chase wasborn to Robert R. Moyer, '39, andMrs*. Moyer (Caroline E. Grabo,Susan, daughter of Amy Moss andBernard Moss, '38, born on May 6 inChicago. ;RSITY OF CHICAGO'41). The baby is a granddaughterof Prof. Carl H. Grabo, '03, of theEnglish department.DEATHSJessie L. Jones, PhD '97, passedaway on Tulv 21 at her home inOrlando, Florida. She was one ofthe earliest students registered at theUniversity and began her residence in1893. She majored in German andIndo-European philology and studiedin Germany several years. WhenLewis Institute was founded she became a member of the first facultyand remained there for twenty-fiveyears. She resigned in 1925 andwent to Florida to live with hermother and sister (Florence N. Jones,PhD '03). She was a charter andlife member of the Chicago CollegeClub, life member of the Art Institute, in Orlando a member of Sorosis,the Art Association, and A.A.U.W.She is buried in Evanston, 111.Frank H. Hacking, MD Rush '99,of Minneanolis, where he died onJune 2. He was a founder of theMinnesota Association for CrippledChildren, a director of the HennepinCounty Tuberculosis Association, attending specialist in charge of thetuberculosis department of the Veterans Bureau, and served as physicianin charge of the Hopewell andThomas tuberculosis hospitals and onthe staffs of the Glen Lake sanatorium and Fairview hospital.Katharine Elizabeth Dopp, PhD'02, on May 14 in Chicago. Outstanding as an educator and author,Miss Dopp began writing educationalbooks for the elementary level aboutthe time she took her doctor's degree,at the same time carrying on herwork as instructor in the correspondence study department of the University. Her doctor's thesis, "ThePlace of Industries in ElementaryEducation," published by the University Press in 1903, was long afavorite with teachers. Her booksfor children include the Industrialand Social History Series (The Tree-Dwellers, The Early Sea People, TheEarly Farmers, etc.) which have beentranslated into eight different languages; the Bobby and Betty Series,and the Happy Road to ReadingSeries, basic readers from pre-primerto sixth reader.Henry Ericson, '06, former mathematics teacher at Washington highschool in Milwaukee, last fall.After an illness of seven months,Rush L. Burns, MD Rush '06, onMay 9 in Los Angeles.Sidney Loewenstein, LLB '11, ofChicago on October 17, 1943.Eugene F. Rouse, '21, nationally MAGAZINEknown advertising man and outstand.ing civic leader in Southern California, died on August 3 of a heart at.tack while vacationing at NewportBeach, Calif. Mr. Rouse was a native of Iowa. At Chicago he playedfootball under Coach Stagg. Heserved overseas in the first WorldWar with the A.E.F., being stationedwith the Army of Occupation atCoblenz. In 1926 he moved to Cali-fornia and became identified withmany civic and philanthropic organizations. He was a founder and former president of the Town Hall ofLos Angeles and as such went toWashington shortly after Pearl Harbor to urge the government to takeimmediate steps for the adeauatedefense of Southern California. Mr,Rouse was a member of the originalboard of the War Savings Committeefor his area and devoted long hoursto Pasadena's Fifth War Loan Drive.He was also active in the Communityand War Chests, the Red Cross,Pasadena Tuberculosis Association,and the Boy Scouts. At the time ofhis death Mr. Rouse was vice-president of the Mutual Building andLoan Association of Pasadena, inwhich city he resided.Platers, SilversmithsSpecialists . . .GOLD, SILVER, RHODANIZESILVERWARERepaired, Refinished, RelacqueredSWARTZ & COMPANY10 S. Wabash Ave. CENtral 6089-90 ChicagoRICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATIMG1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. Monro* 3192BLACKSTONEHALLanExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748 TelephoneBlackstone Ave. Plaza 3313Verna P. Werner, Director(Continued from inside front cover)food here is poor. In fact, I'm morethan satisfied with the ingenuity ofthe Army cook.After spending seven months inthis part of the world, I find myselfstill tinkering with facts and figures.Being a statistical officer in a Liberator group may not sound like themost exciting job in the Army. I'mtold that someone has to manipulateraw data into some form of coherency, so I guess that's my job. Seewhat happens when a fellow has aBusiness School education? Even inItaly we have heard long tales aboutthe fame of the U. of C. Our localStars and Stripes carried an articleconcerning Bob's latest dispute withthe faculty. I'm hankering to takea breath of good, rich, Coffee Shopair again. May it be soon.Capt. Ernest C. Miller, Jr., '42ItalyHave noted in a recent issue ofPrivate Maroon a remark that theCorps of Engineers is very thinlypopulated with Chicago men. Thereare some exceptions in this theater,thanks to the need for terrain interpretation prior to engineer operations. A. N. Sayre, PhD '28, is herein same office. Geologists that weare, we find much use for our training in physiography.Lt. Col. Harold E. Thomas, '26Southwest PacificAt an open-air, GI movie I ranacross Justin Sloane (Geology, '42)as we were both scrambling our wayto shelter from an impending storm.We reached a tent in time to avoidthe full fury of the wind. However,sand was blown through the canvasof one wall of the tent and outthrough the opposite wall.India is a land of strange peopleand strange customs. Thousands ofmud-hut, thatch-roof villages spatterthe countryside. They house thepeople, their pets, and their livestock.There is usually a pool or a tank atthe edge of each village. Womenand children flee before white men.Even close to large cities women mayturn their back to you. In the citiesthe pace is different. The old andnew are mingled. An Indian city isseldom devoid of noise. The coolierunning by, with his ricksha, jinglesa bell. All autos and buses aredriven with both hands on the horn.Bullock carts rumble down the street.Beggars call out to all passers-by.Somebody sings. Brightly turbanedSikh taxi drivers yell at each otheras they go by. It is the ArabianNights in swing tempo. A monkey may swing across from gable to gable.A cow will saunter into your path.The patter of bare feet is like raincontinually falling. Women flow by intheir graceful saris, with a childa-straddle one hip. Street hawkersplay "Deep in the Heart of Texas"on flute-like instruments. Over andover again, up and down the streetyou hear its refrain.The campus on a spring day isbeautiful. I look forward to thosedays again.Lt. Ernest N. Poll, '42IndiaI've finally got a "somewhere" address 10,000 miles from home in themost rain-drenched corner of theworld. The relentless and unceasingquality of the rain is unbelievable.Today is the seventh successive dayof our present deluge. None of youreffete U. S. rain. This is virile stuff.Looking out from our humble abode,the thick rain has a solid mass effect.After a while you get to feel like amember of the Aquacade water ballet. Rain is obviously the main occupation of New Guinea, with mudand excessive heat pressing on as topcontenders.Read in a month-old Newsweek allabout the most recent hubbub regarding Hutchins. I've had a forensic uphill battle all through the Armyand on the subject of the Prexy'sideas and have usually been able tohold my own, but lack of informationon the newest proposals makes meof necessity more cautious. But Icling stubbornly, nevertheless. Maybeyou can help me out in this dilemma,Mr. Anthony.A rather recent Private Marooncaught up with me the other day andnaturally it was greatly appreciated.Was especially interested in the amazing military exploits of ray high schooland college colleague, Major GilbertErb.Lt. Herbert C. Kalk, '39, AM '40New GuineaOnce again I've changed A.P.O.'sand theater. Now I've participatedin the African invasion, served inMorocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Sicily,Italy. In addition to Carthage, Pompeii, Salerno, Naples, Mt. Vesuvius inaction, and Capri in its beauty, I'veseen the ruins of Tobruk, the SuezCanal, the Pyramids, Palestine. Flewthe Mediterranean's width severaltimes and its length. Saw Baghdad,flew the Indian Ocean. While in India saw the Taj Mahal, visited Karachi. Flew the Hump wearing anoxygen mask and parachute. After trying to get along in French,Spanish, Arabic, Italian, Egyptian,Hindustani, and Punjabi, I'm nowfaced with trying to learn Chinese,for I've landed in China — the landof the inscrutable Oriental. Only, Iguess these folk never read all that,for some of them look like Irishmen,some have as rosy-red cheeks as"Sweet Sixteen," and all of themare full of lively curiosity about thesestrange, peculiar, "inscrutable" Americans and seem to get a huge bangout of life. I never have seen somany people so full of fun and hardwork.A recent statement from "on high"now permits me to say, Quote: I amnow permitted to mention that weare working in association with thenew, marvelous, much-publicizedB-29 Super-Fortress bomber. Endquote.Even yet, in all the countries towhich I have been exposed, I havenot had the pleasure of meeting eithera fellow alumnus nor a Brother Phi.Maybe now that we are on the roadto Tokyo I shall find one. Just received word that I am now entitledto wear four bronze stars (indicatingbattle participation awards) on myEuropean-African-Middle East campaign ribbon. My Asiatic-Pacific ribbon is yet unstarred, but I can hope,can't I?I noticed in the "starred men ofscience" column of Private Maroonof those of the Alma Mammy whohave attained immortality by inclusion in the seventh edition of American Men of Science the name ofThomas Park. Will you be goodenough to give Tom my congratulations? I happened to have been oneof those who helped to make "hellweek" mean just that for Tom, andwielded the paddle upon his rapidlyreddening posterior just prior to declaring him a "Brother in Phi DeltaTheta." While my fraternity brothers are becoming great men of science, lieutenant-colonels, be-decoratedaces, and such, I continue to be oneof the Army "Chair Corps," recording the deathless deeds of my squadron's pilots in reports (through channels), the war diary, the "public relations stories" (same old schmalz publicity — without the cheesecake).Notice that the G.I. Bill of Rightsallows tuition only for those undertwenty-five to continue their education. So, what do you offer for anold PhB '27 who would like to "boneup" on changed business practicesafter he gets out of this man's Army?S/Sgt. G. Stuart Kenney, '27ChinaA WELCOME HAND TO BELLSome day we shall have the pleasureof welcoming back to the Bell Systemthe men and women who are now in thearmed forces. They number more than55,000. Some 3500 released from service are already back with us. We shall SYSTEM WAR VETERANShave a warm welcome for the rest asthey join us again. Not only shall webe glad to see them personally but weshall be glad of their skill and energyfor the big tasks which face the BellSystem in the future.BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEM