THE UNIVERSITYOFCHICAGO MAGAZINEA P R I 19 4 2f he is in the Army, Navy or Marines,and if he is an Alumnus - - -e is eager for news of the Universityand his Fellow Alumni - - -year's subscription to theUniversity of Chicago Magazinewould mean much to him - - -A special one dollar gift offer— for Alumniin the Service— will make him a memberof the Alumni Association and bring theMagazine to him nine times - - -Send his name, his address and the dollar toTHE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOTHE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEPUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI COUNCILCHARLTON T. BECKEditor HOWARD W. MORTAssociate Editor WILLIAM P. SCHENKAssistant EditorDAVID DAICHES, DON MORRIS, CODY PFANSTIEHL Contributing EditorsTHE COVER: Their sea bags ontheir shoulders, enlisted men of theNavy's signal corps training schoolenter their new quarters in BernardEdward Sunny Gymnasium. Theircommanding officer, Captain Goodwin L. Dosland, received his J.D. degree from the University in 1926. Heand his "ship" are described on page21. Photo by the Chicago Tribune.CYRUS S. EATON, a Clevelandindustrialist and banker, has beena trustee of the University since 1929.He is also a trustee of Denison University, Fenn College, the Case Schoolof Applied Science, and the ClevelandMuseum of Natural History, and isan elector to the Hall of Fame. Mr.Eaton is a partner in the bankinghouse of Otis & Co., and helps directmany industrial and public utilitycorporations."Despite his widespread businessactivities," says The Antioch Review,to whom we are indebted for the privilege of reprinting The Professor Talksto Himself, "he finds time to studyphilosophy, economics, and literatureand to maintain close contact withmany American, Canadian, and British scholars in these fields."The sermon by President RobertM. Hutchins, which begins on page 5was delivered in Rockefeller Memorial Chapel on Sunday, April 12.As professor of educational psychology, and director of the University's Laboratory Schools, Stephen M.Corey has heard many student dia- THIS MONTHTABLE OF CONTENTSAPRIL, 1942PageThe Professor Talks to Himself,Cyrus S. Eaton 3The Chapel Sermon, Robert M.Hutchins , 5West Dakota College, Stephen M.Corey 6Women, Work and the War,Brownlee Haydon 8Notes for a Dilettante, David Daiches 10One Man's Army, Cody Pfanstiehl. . .. 12News of the Quadrangles 15Athletics, Don Morris 17I'll Never Forget 20News of the Classes 21Books 32logues — but not the one he contributes to this issue.i t "O ADIO'S annual George Fos-i\ ter Peabody awards," saysTime, (April 20), "ambitiouslyplanned by the University of Georgia'sSchool of Journalism as the PulitzerPrizes of radio, were conferred for thesecond time last week." The awardfor excellence in the field of education went "to the University of Chicago's eleven-year-old Round Table(NBC), which enjoyed, like othersuch programs, a great year of discussion."Digests of the Round Table haveappeared in many newspapers and inPublishers' Weekly. This month theMagazine presents Brownlee Hay-don's digest of 'Women, Work andthe War," the Round Table topic ofMarch 22. You have been admonished to readgood books. In his notes this monthDavid Daiches, assistant professor ofEnglish, tells why we should read badbooks and how to do so.Further selections from the lettersof Cody Pfanstiehl begin on page 12.One Mans Army next month maycome from Scott Field, to which theauthor expects to be transferred.In his column this month DonMorris reviews the Maroons' positionat the close of the winter quarter,digs up some University athleticshistory, and quotes an expert on theround robin.T-'LL NEVER FORGET ... theJ- department of extra-curricularreminiscence continues with contributions from two alumni — WilliamHenry Friedman, in St. Louis, andFritz Leiber, Jr., in Los Angeles. Youwill enjoy their recollections, andother alumni will enjoy yours.Notes on some of the books recentlyor soon to be published by the University Press appear on page 32.COACH STAGG visited the Alumni Association on March 30. Thenext time he does so — and we hopeit will be soon—he will find the Association* office not on the fourth floorof Cobb Hall, but in its new home,on the first floor at 5733 UniversityAvenue.Published by the Alumni Council of the University of Chicago monthly, from October to June. Office of Publication, 5733 University Avenue,Chicago. Annual subscription price $2.00. Single copies 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934 at the Post Office at Chicago,Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. The Graduate Group, Inc., 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City, is the official advertising agency of theUniversity of Chicago Magazine.1942 ALUMNI SCHOOLAND REUNIONTentative ProgramWEDNESDAY, JUNE 10:30 P. M. The Alumni School Location to be AnnouncedTHURSDAY, JUNE II3:00 P. M. Alumni-Varsity Baseball Game Greenwood Field6:30 P. M. Order of the C, Annual Conclave — with Food8:30 P. M. The Alumni School Location to be AnnouncedFRIDAY, JUNE 1 26:00 P. M. Class Dinners6:00 P. M. University Aides Dinner Ida Noyes Hall7:30 P. M. Band Concert — The University Band. Hutchinson Court8:30 P. M. The Alumni School . . Mandel HallSATURDAY, JUNE 1 312:00 Noon The Alumnae Breakfast .International House12:30 P. M. 1907 Class Luncheon Quadrangle Club12:30 P. M. 1916-17 Class Luncheon. -....' Coffee Shop3:00 P. M. Annual Meeting College Division Senate Breasted Hall4:00 P. M. Alumni Assembly . Mandel Hall6:00 P. M. Informal Sunset Supper Hutchinson CommonsFraternity and Club Suppers7:30 P. M. Band Concert Hutchinson Court8:45 P. M. Thirty-Second Annual University Sing Hutchinson Court10:00 P. M. Induction of Aides and MarshalsAward of Cups and C BlanketsAlma Mater2VOLUME XXXIV THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINE NUMBER 7APRIL, 1942THE PROFESSOR TALKS TO HIMSELFBut he has an obligationto speak in the tongueof the peopleiTHE addiction of the average American professorto unreadable and unpronounceable technicalwords has turned the American university into aTower of Babel. If our savants are not to suffer thefate of their Biblical prototypes, they had better beginnow to mend their literary ways, so that their contemporaries, their students, and the general public can understand them when they talk or write about the subjectsin which they are specialists.That, at least, is the conclusion I have reached aftermany visits to various of our halls of higher learningand after extensive reading of books and articles by ourprofessors, over a long period of time. During that time,moreover, I have found a large number of people whoagree with me, both inside and outside academic circles.Perhaps it would be more appropriate for the pleasfor reform to come from insiders, but one appeal thatI recently saw from that source leads me to believe thatthere is little hope for improvement unless outsiders speakup. A distinguished scientist, writing in a leading university literary quarterly, pleaded with his fellows forsimplicity of style. His suggestion that they take theepics of Homer as a model was fine, but the languagehe used in making the recommendation showed that hewas not following his own advice. For he said, "Exceptperhaps, for an attitude of ethnocentrism, there is littleor no trace of the tendentious" in the Iliad and theOdyssey.This is the kind of professorial gibberish that drovethat illustrious man of letters, my old friend the lateJohn Buchan (Lord Tweedsmuir), to the violent protesthe made, in his autobiography, against American "academic jargon, . . . which is hideous and almost meaningless." This is the kind of professorial gibberish that impelsme to lodge a complaint, especially on behalf of the worldOutside the college cloisters, which has so much to lose • By CYRUS S. EATONby the professors' refusal to express themselves in thetongue of the people.IIAs a business man, I like to keep abreast of the latestthinking on economic problems. So I make a point oftalking with theoretical economists whenever I can andof reading their books and the papers they write forthe journals of their learned societies. The next timeI participate in an economic conference, however, I hopeit will not be like the one I attended during the darkestdays of the depression.With bowed minds and contrite hearts, the group ofbankers and industrialists of whom I was one went atthat time to a two-day meeting of theoretical economistsCYRUS S. EATON, a member of the Board of Trustees ofthe University; his article on these pages is reprintedfrom the Spring, 1942 number of "The Antioch Review."4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEfrom the universities. I hoped to get from the conferencesome answer to the question whether or not reducingthe prices of fundamental products like steel, rubber, andoil would give business a much-needed impetus. After around-table discussion or two during which the economistsbandied back and forth such terms as "the elasticity ofprice substitution" and "the germ cells of entrepreneurialand consumer demand theories," my hope began to fade.With the rest of the laymen, I spent the two days as aspectator on the sidelines of a game of linguistic football,and finally wrent home with no idea what the score was.The conference had not been entirely without its comicrelief — at least, for me, it had not. While browsing in anearby library during one of the intermissions, I pickedup a professional scholar's article on Mohammed andfound particular interest in the writer's statement thatthe author of the Koran, which has been a best-seller forcenturies, had been merely "an illiterate business man. . . not able to read Greek or Hebrew."Nowadays when I read a journal of economics andfind, as I recently did, a professor from a first-rank university writing that a monopoly exists if a "firm's demandcurve inherits the same stability which particular-equilibrium methodology bequeathes to the industry's demandcurve," I am no longer surprised. But I am disappointedat the professor's penchant for disguising relatively simpleideas with pretentious language and thus frightening awaythose who might put his theoretical knowledge to practical use if they could only understand it.As a parent interested in the schooling of my children,I have been appalled by the jargon of pedagogy. Whileit is perhaps not so unintelligible as that of some othersubjects, it is intolerably pompous. In the mouths of theprofessors of education, the development of a child's character, for instance, becomes his "characterological"development and a dull child becomes a "remedial case."Instead of saying that children differ widely, the experton education solemnly states that "the behavior tendencies of children are widely variant."For some unusually horrible examples of the technicalterminology affected by scholars, I should like to turnto religion and philosophy, two fields in which I readmuch by way of recreation. The problem of religiousknowledge is, everyone will undoubtedly admit, of someimportance to all mankind. Consequently, I was delighted to learn not long ago that a new book had beenwritten on the subject by the scholarly head of thedepartment of religion at one of the outstanding universities, and I immediately sought out a copy. After poringover it, I eventually discovered that the author definedhis own position as "critical monistic realism" midwaybetween "overdogmatic mystical epistemology" at oneextreme and "epistemological idealism" at the other,while his description of the positions of others was correspondingly confusing. One is forced to reflect thatthe language of religion has come a long, if not exactlyfelicitous, way since the days of the Ten Commandmentsand the Sermon on the Mount. The vocabulary of the philisophers has also undergonea change for the worse down the ages. The great thoughtsof Socrates and Plato were put in words that any intelligent countryman of theirs could grasp. I wonder howmany of us, on the other hand, can extract much meaning from the following words of one of our world-famous,modern mathematical philosophers, writing about alogical system of general ideas: "In the becoming of anactual entity, the potential unity of many entities — actualand non-actual — acquires the real unity of the one actualentity; so that the actual entity is the real concrescenceof many potentials."Although I have so far singled out the literary delinquency of the professors in only a few fields, I do notmean to imply that these are the ones in which the worstor most frequent offenders are found. Far from it. Theuse of academic jargon is a failing common to professorsof every branch of learning, even including English, art,and music, the subjects recognized as the particular provinces of beauty.IllThere is a story about an eminent professor whodelivered a long and abstruse address at a large publicmeeting. After he had finished speaking, someone remarked to him, "Y~ou made a fine speech, but it wentcompletely over the heads of the audience." The professorreplied, "I always aim my address at the place wheretheir heads should be."While I was not on hand for the speech in question,I know from first-hand experience with others like itthat the professor had probably prepared it not to interesthis prospective audience of laymen, but to impress thesmall group of his fellow specialists, who would read itlater when it was published. Indeed, imposing on themob with big words in this manner has become acceptedacademic practice, as anyone knows who has ever goneto college commemoration exercises or other functionsinvolving speeches by professors.A short time ago I attended a gathering of this kind,which was assembled to dedicate a new science buildingat one of the universities. After an unusually incomprehensible address by a noted zoologist, I asked a dozenprofessors, students, and laymen from the crowd of listeners for their opinions. All agreed that they had understoodlittle or nothing of what the professor said after he movedon from his introductory remarks to a discussion of "ecological communities developed with interspecific patternsof relationship to the environment which correlate witha partial environmental control and a relative environmental stability for the individual organisms" and relatedmatters.There was a biology professor among those whose sentiments I sought, and he good-naturedly told a story onhimself to illustrate the student viewpoint on academicjargon. He said that, as he was leaving his classroomone day, he found on the floor a postcard written by afreshman, to her boy friend. On it was inscribed the(Continued on page 30)THE CHAPEL SERMONWithout goodness we can wina statistical victory andsuffer a military defeatWE are now engaged in total war on all the seasand continents of the world. We have alreadybegun to feel the effects of it in loss of life andin the loss of those comforts which have characterizedwhat we have called American civilization.I cannot prescribe the methods by which we can winthis war. But I can suggest how we may lose it. Wemay lose it, in the first place, by relying on productivity,resources, machines, and numbers. We can win a statistical victory and suffer a military defeat. Mr. Willkie inthe last campaign said that if we were productive weshould be strong and sought the suffrages of his fellow-citizens on the ground that Republicans were more productive than Democrats. Certainly to be strong we mustbe productive; but it does not follow that if we are productive we shall be strong. Equipment does not guarantee victory. We must also have the intelligence andcharacter to use it with effect. In spite of the technological changes that have transformed warfare since Plato'sday, he was closer to the truth than Mr. Willkie whenhe said that goodness, by which he meant intelligenceand character, was the best weapon a state could have.Another remark of Plato is worth remembering, too."The due reward," he said, "of an idle beast fattened insloth, is, as a rule, to fall a prey to another beast — one ofthose which are worn to skin and bone through toilhardily endured."We can lose the war, too, by selecting the wrong aims,or by being confused or half-hearted about the ones weselect. We can and shall lose the war if we are fightingsimply for what we are used to. We shall have to sacrifice so much of what we are used to that we cannot besustained by comparing what we might lose throughdefeat with what we are losing through war. To saythat we have been attacked and must defend ourselvesis no answer. France is the most recent illustration of thetruism that disunity, stupidity, and lack of conviction canundermine the will to resist even in the face of theinvader.It is sometimes said that we are fighting for survival.But this war will be long, hard, and bloody. Those whoare animated only by a desire to survive may sooner orlater propose that it is better to buy survival than to diefor it. • By ROBERT M. HUTCHINSOr it is said that we are fighting because we can't dobusiness with Hitler. So a prominent educator remarkedbefore the war that we should have to fight Japan inorder to get rubber for our tires. But those who thinkwe are fighting for business and tires may sometimepropose that it would be better business to find somebodyelse to do business with and that it would be cheaperand more comfortable to buy rubber from the Japanesethan to fight through total war to total victory for theprivilege of buying it from the British and the Dutch.Or it is said that we are to take charge of the worldand run it at a profit, perhaps allowing England, Russia,and China a share. But our question is how the fightingspirit of our people can be maintained. To establishAmerican imperialism we should have to engage in perpetual war; for even after the defeat of our presentenemies, new ones, perhaps among our present allies,would arise to throw off the Yankee yoke. Perpetual warthroughout the world can only be carried on with enormous forces prepared to die for the profits to be senthome as a result of their depredations. If, moreover, webelieve that it is bad for the world to be enslaved to Germany and Japan, how can we believe that it is good forit to be enslaved to us? It may even be bad for us, forthere may be something in the Christian and Platonicdoctrine that it is worse to inflict wrong than to suffer it.None of these aims will do. There is only one thatwill. The spirit of our people can be maintained onlyif we believe that we are fighting to realize here andabroad the aspirations which we have cherished but havenever attained, the aspirations toward freedom, democracy, and the supremacy of human rights. I will gofarther and say that the war will be lost unless thepeoples of the world believe that this is our aim. If theyare bound to be exploited or destroyed, it can make littledifference to them whether they are exploited or destroyedby us or by the Germans and the Japanese. If they areconvinced and we are convinced, we may hope to gainthem to our cause and may ourselves endure to the end.Conviction implies understanding. A sentimental hu-manitarianism, a vague utopianism, is no better, in fact,it is far worse, than frank imperialism. Frank imperialism has at least the merit of being frank. Sentimentalhumanitarianism conceals a feeling of superiority whichis readily translated into the assertion of the right to dogood by force. This finally means that we shall be kindto other people as long as they serve our interests. Asiaticpeoples have a particular reason for viewing with concernthe humanitarian gestures of the Western powers.Conviction cannot rest on such pious views as thoseof a writer in the current Atlantic Monthly who says that(Continued on page 18)WEST DAKOTA COLLEGE• By STEPHEN M. COREYWhere the teachers teachand the students studyand ask questionsStude: You're from West Dakota College? How interesting. I've never heard of it. Are you a freshman?Student: A freshman? What do you mean — a freshman? I'm just a student at West Dakota.Stude: Well — that's funny — a college student and youdon't know what a freshman is. He's a first-year student.The second year you are a sophomore, then a junior,then a senior — that is if you pass enough courses. Howlong have you been at West Dakota?Student: Oh, I'm not certain — three or four years. Icome and go. I'll work awhile, then go to school, thenwork again. I enjoy it.Stude: How many hours' credit do you have?Student: I don't know. Where would I find out? I'venot heard of hours' credit before.Stude: Go to your registrar's office. They keep all therecords there in big dusty books.Student: We don't have any registrar's office. WestDakota is a college, not a filing cabinet.Stude: Well I'll be . You mean they don't keepa record of your grades — whether you pass your coursesor not?Student: No. What do you mean, pass a course?What's a course?Stude: Why a course is a — well, a course is a course,that's all. Just a course. History, chemistry, , French —they're all courses.Student: Oh — we don't have the nickname. They'rejust history and chemistry and French at West Dakota,and we learn about them. But what do you mean bypassing French? Do you go by it? Stude: No, of course not. You pass a course whenyou can answer the questions the professor asks.Student: Well, that is odd. At West Dakota professors don't ask us questions. We're always asking them.Don't your professors know very much?Stude: Well I guess they do. You should hear thewords they use. I didn't understand anything my European history professor said all last year.Student: You must not have learned very much. Idon't see why you stayed with him a year.Stude: He taught a required course and it was thenor some other time and I chose then.Student: Required course? Who requires it?Stude: Why, the college. You are required to takethirty-five hours of specific courses for graduation. Don'tyou have to?Student: No. I don't know what graduation means.Nothing is required at West Dakota. We just study.Stude: Don't you have classes and lectures and gradesand commencement?Student: No. We just study and visit with the professors.Stude: No examinations either?Student: No. Well, I take that back. Some of theprofessors give us examinations, but we certainly haveto beg.Stude: Beg! Beg for an examination! Why you'recrazy. Who ever heard of wanting an exam. We've gotto take them. We hate them.Student: We're always pleading for them. We like toknow whether we've learned anything.Stude: Well — that beats me! Why want to know that?Student: That's why we go to West Dakota.# -x- #Stude: Are there women at West Dakota?6THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 7Student: Of course. Women can learn. We have lotsof them.Stude: Are they strict with them?Student: What do you mean?Stude: Can they date on week nights?Student: Why not? They're grown. They can datewhenever they want. They do, too.Stude: You mean they can stay out late week nights?Aren't there rules? Isn't there a dean of women wholooks after the girls and sees that they behave?Student: No. West Dakota is a college — a place tolearn. You must be thinking of a juvenile court. Nobodyin the college tells the students what to do. The teachersteach and the students study.Stude: But don't they raise Cain — get drunk andbreak things up?Student: Some of them do, now and then. But thathasn't anything to do with the college that I can see.They're put in jail if they get too bad. That's what jailsare for; they're different from colleges.Stude: But don't the parents insist that their childrenbe watched over? I'm surprised that there are any students at West Dakota.Student: I've never thought of that. I guess if theparents haven't completely weaned their children theysend them some other place. They should. West Dakotais a college. Everyone is there to learn. That's what we STEPHEN M. COREYProfessor of Educational Psychology andSuperintendent of theUniversity's Laboratory Schoolsthink a college is for. You can get drunk anywhere.Why go to college?Stude: Well, I guess that's right. We all get drunkthough. It helps us forget our classes and dry textbooks.Student: Why don't you go away from the college?You must like to suffer if you stay around and then getdrunk to forget. Are you flagellants?Stude: Flagellants? What do you mean?Student: Never mind. You probably haven't had thatcourse.Prophetic StatisticWAR COMES TO THE MIDWAY is the title of a four-page folder mailed by theAlumni Foundation to every Chicago alumnus early in April. It tells the storyof how the University is serving our nation in time of war, indicates the financial reverses faced by the University, and asks for the support of every alumnus in helpingto relieve them.It is too soon to prophesy what the amount of the second annual alumni gift will bewhen presented to the University on Alumni Day, June 1 3. There is one encouragingstatistic, however, as we go to press: among the hundreds of contributions alreadyreceived, 45 per cent of those who gave to the Fiftieth Anniversary Gift have eitherduplicated or increased the amounts of their gifts this year.It is hoped that every member of the University family from coast to coast willwant to be included in this year's annual gift to the University of Chicago. Every gift,large or small, will be a vote for the University's continued service to America at warwhile retaining its high standing among the great universities of America. Send yourcontribution to the Alumni Foundation, the University of Chicago, 5733 UniversityAvenue, Chicago.WOMEN, WORK AND THE WAR• A Digest by BROWNLEE HAYDON '35They are the unsung heroesof war; their familiestake it on the chinf ¦ ^iHE productive effort required by total warprrfj is rapidly eliminating unemployment in|""::-:|. America. Six months or a year from now thejr~nj word "unemployed" may be synonymouswith "unemployable." How many men willbe required for the armed forces will dependpartly upon how long the war lasts and upon how fastmen can be trained. The larger the army, and thebroader the battlefronts, the greater will be the productive effort required of civilian America. The fulfilmentof the President's victory program will engage not onlythe full manpower of the nation in the war effort, butwill call increasing numbers of women into offices andindustries in all parts of the country.The Round Table, "Women, Work and the War",broadcast on March 22, 1942, brought before more thaneight million Americans one of the most important problems yet raised by the war. Over more than 100 NBCstations, Colonel Joseph Battley, chief of the manpowerand liaison branch of the resources division of the WarDepartment, and a member of the WPB Labor SupplyCommittee, described the government's view of women'srole in the war. Neil H. Jacoby, of the School of Business, and secretary of the University of Chicago; FriedaMiller, Industrial Commissioner of New York State; andWilliam F. Ogburn, chairman of the Department of Sociology at the University participated in the Round Tablediscussion with Colonel Battley.The squeeze-play on manpower was stated bluntly atthe outset of the discussion by Colonel Battley:"General Hershey has announced that pure dependency alone will not keep a man out of the armed forces.In today's papers the General states that 2- A men willbe called."At the beginning of 1942 about five million peoplewere engaged in war production. We know that weneed fifteen million workers in war production to carryout the President's directive. That means we must findthose additional workers at the same time that the armedforces are drafting men to go to fight."It has been announced that by the end of this yearwe'll have an army of three million six hundred thousand men. That will mean that at least two or threemillion men will be called from their civilian jobs togo into uniform." The four million unemployed, the speakers said, wouldbe just a drop in the bucket when the war plants startto roll. There will be two million unmarried womenor married women without small children immediatelyavailable. \5 In addition about a million young men willcome of age and be available to factories. The deficitremains at the outstanding figure of six million."We now have about five hundred thousand womenin war industry," Jacoby reported, "and we'll have toincrease that to about two million this year."The suggestion that to increase the participation ofwomen in war work it might be necessary to follow theBritish system of registering and "drafting" women,failed to enlist the support of either Colonel Battley orMiss Miller."General Hershey has already said that it may benecessary to draft women," the Colonel said, "but Idon't think he meant it in the sense that we understandthe term 'draft'; that is, by compulsion.""In New York," Miss Miller reported, "there are actually thousands of women registered in our employmentexchanges who have not yet been able to connect upwith jobs. The problem would seem to be to put thesewomen in touch with vacancies, rather than to seek someforcible means of dragging them into war work."Only two limitations were placed upon the type ofwork which women can perform: jobs requiring greatphysical strength, and jobs requiring lengthy training.On the latter score many courses were listed in whichthousands of women are quickly acquiring elementaryskills which fit them for war work."Women are also taking over minor executive jobs,"Jacoby noted. "For example, here at the University ofChicago, in our School of Business, we have courses inwhich we're training women in office supervision, accounting, factory inspection, and in personnel work, sothat they can replace men who are leaving those jobsfor the armed forces."*"That's true in other schools," the Colonel added."We have about 3,750 co-eds now taking prescribedtraining in airplane designing, physics, chemical analysis,and drafting."Women are clamoring for war jobs, the speakers reported, and should turn first to the United States Employment Service offices for aid in finding work. Theirage, experience, and aptitude will be recorded and theywill be called when jobs become available in their area.Employers were cautioned not to wait until workersdisappeared into the armed forces before training re-*The University is also presenting government-sponsoredcourses in map drafting, photogrammetry, statistics and radio, inwhich women are enrolled.8THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 9placements, and the technique of training replacementsin the plants in anticipation of manpower losses wascommended.Most labor laws permit the full use of womanpowerin industry, Miss Miller reported, although temporaryproblems such as changing hours of shifts may arise. "Inthe long run," she said, "the standards of maintainingworking conditions that don't result in fatigue are generally observed by employers and will continue to beobserved."The theory of "equal pay for equal work" was supported unanimously by the speakers. Where womenwere hired at lower wages than men, objection usuallyraised women's pay to the level of the men and stoppedthe unnecessary substitution of women for men wherea choice could be made.To round out the total picture of women's role in war,the Round Table turned from the purely economic aspects already described to the social repercussions ofwar. William F. Ogburn, long a student of family relations, concluded the Round Table broadcast with a discussion of these factors."The family bears the brunt of war more than anyother social institution," Professor Ogburn said. "Ittakes it on the chin, so to speak, more than the church,more than government, and more than most industries."The head of the house and the sons are taken awayto the battle front, and the woman is left to carry on byherself on a reduced family budget. The wife will haveto decide alone many serious problems regarding herchildren's welfare. In the country the women will have .to do the work of men in the fields. Women are theunsung heroes of war. In defense areas the homes ofworkers' families are often tents and trailers, where thecommunity life is extremely meager and limited. Whenfamilies are on the move, home life becomes disorganized."In England, bombing meant the evacuation of womenand children — two million of them — over the countryside.Thus the family life was completely disorganized.""But doesn't the war create many new families by increasing the marriage rate?" Miss Miller asked."Yes, it does," Ogburn replied. "War makes it easy toget married; and in the beginning of war, war bridesare quite numerous. It's a grand chance for a womanto find a husband and for a man to find a wife. "But I may note that these war marriages do notalways make homes. They only make war widows outof war brides. Indeed, after the last World War, therewere, in the Continental warring countries, about six million more women of marriageable age than men at theclose of the war. So vast numbers of these women couldfind neither a job nor a husband. It's rather sad to contemplate, by the way, what the life of these surpluswomen must have been like.""That's rather a dark picture you draw," ColonelBattley interposed. "Is war wholly bad for the womanand the family?""War is a dark picture, Colonel, as you know," Professor Ogburn continued, "and the tragedy of war is feltmore in the family than any place else. However, thewar does enlarge the activities of women. They getjobs, as you have been saying, and interesting ones, awayfrom their homes."Woman's place is no longer in the home but out inthe world. And I may also note that war breaks up thehabits and the routines of life, and the inhibitions; andthere is a certain liberation of women from the confinements of household duties."The last World War brought woman suffrage, as youknow, and gave a really great impetus to the feministmovements. You remember also that the 'flapper' agein the 1920's followed the last World War. Never beforehad young girls had so much freedom.""Do you think that freedom will last this time?" MissMiller asked."The family will take up its normal life again afterthe war," Ogburn said. "The heads of many homes willnot come back, and the widows will not remarry; butin time the family will be again the basic institution ithas always been."Men will take jobs away from women in some cases,especially where the men are organized. Before the lastWorld War about one in fifteen or twenty marriedwomen worked for pay outside the home. After thewar, by 1930, one in eight or nine married women wereat work. There are over six hundred basic occupationsemploying women today. Women will surely give upmuch of the freedom they have gained during the war,but they will have more freedom as a result of the warthan they ever had before, I am sure."PRINTED TRANSCRIPTS of the complete text ofeach Round Table discussion may be obtained for tencents a copy. Address the University of ChicagoRound Table, Chicago, Illinois.The transcripts also contain supplementary graphsand tables, suggested readings, objective questions,letters from listeners, and a list of more than 100NBC stations which broadcast the Round Table eachSunday.NOTES FOR A DILETTANTE• By DAVID DAICHESThe duties and pleasuresof the thoughtfulcitizen, or —How to Read a Bad Bookt wr ¦ ^HE thing to do about books," said a pro-I fessor in the English Department here, "is toread them all." Admirable advice; but unfortunately not only is it true that ars longa, vita brevisest, but some books retire so quickly into the lumber-room of outmoded topicalities or forgotten best sellersthat it is difficult even to find them. Of course the professor was thinking only of "good books" — books writtenin the past that have had time to prove their power ofsurvival and by that very fact have some claim to distinction. But what about contemporary books, the books ofthis year, this month, today? Before time has thinnedtheir ranks they present a most formidable and heterogeneous mass, a small fraction good, some tolerable, manypoor and most bad. Ought we to read bad books? Andif we don't read them, how are we to be sure that theyare bad? The scholar or historian who is an expert inthe eighteenth century will read everything of the periodhe can lay his hands on; but even all the survivingexamples of eighteenth century literature form a smalland stable group of works when put beside the yearlyoutput of contemporary publishers. Yet surely we havea responsibility to contemporary culture greater than thatwhich we have to the past. Surely it is the duty of anintelligent and thoughtful citizen to understand the intellectual climate of his own time at least as thoroughlyas that of the Renaissance or the Middle Ages. How canhe fulfill that duty?Of course, he starts with an advantage over the investigator of the past : He is actually living in the period heis investigating, and he does not therefore have to gainall his knowledge of it from secondary sources. Again,many contemporary books are contributions to the studyof the past, and thus are not contemporary in subjectmatter. But this second point is in part offset by the consideration that it is the way in which the modern mindapproaches the problems of the past that it reveals itselffor what it is. Contemporary interpretations of the seventeenth century are very different from nineteenth century views of that period, and the difference tells us something about the modern mind. (This helps to explain why modern academic editors of John Donne know moreabout the contemporary poetic mind than those who readonly modern poetry; they understand the modern viewof the seventeenth century mind, a view which is particularly illuminating for an understanding of at least oneaspect of our culture.) All this does not take us awayfrom the main problem: What should we do with theliterature of our own time?The answer cannot be simply, "read it," for there isfar too much of it for any one man to keep up withentirely. Nor can the answer be "read the best of it";we cannot tell what is best until we have read both thegood and the bad. (I dismiss as not worth a thought thesuggestion that the newspaper critics offer us some realguidance here: there is neither consistency, unanimitynor profundity in their discussions.) There is the furtherconsideration that no adequate criterion of value can bediscovered without much reading in past literature aswrell, so that the task becomes not merely the reading ofall contemporary works but the study of a great deal ofprevious literature, too. Are we to conclude that it ismore difficult to understand the culture of our own timethan to rediscover the culture of a period in the past?It is true that it is much easier to understand the pastthan the present, just as it is often easier to discover whatwas wrong with a man by a post-mortem than by diagnosis during his life time. The past is past, we can lookback on it clearly and calmly, we can see the causes having completed their effects, and we are not stuck in themiddle of it so that we can't see the woods for the trees.Any historian can talk more sensibly about Napoleon'scampaigns than about the present war, or about thedecline of the Roman empire than about the decline ofmodern civilization. Hardly anybody understands thenature of the world in which he lives. Quite apart fromthe difficulty of doing so, most people do not even havethe time or the inclination to try. The scientist engagedduring all his thinking time in working on his own specialized problems, the business man giving all his activemind to the problems of his office and coming home inthe evening only to relax and forget that he has a mind,the professor spending both night and day in the investigation of some particular scholarly problem — when dothey get around to a discovery of the world in which theylive? Perhaps the only class of man who can ever expectto understand the contemporary world is the manuallaborer, who returns from his day's work physically fatigued but mentally fresh, and who can therefore devotehis leisure to contemplating the world around him.So the suggestion that we cannot understand our ownculture, far from being a shocking paradox, is really acommonplace thought. Would the present world conflict10THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 11have ever been allowed to develop if the handful of menwho govern the destinies of nations had really understoodwhat was happening to their civilization? Why, if onlyone Congressman and one member of Parliament and onemember of the Chamber of Deputies in five had read andunderstood Mein Kampf Hitler would still be a house-painter. The vast majority of even intelligent men aremore ignorant about the world in which they live — itssocial, economic, political and cultural movements — thanthey are about the possibilities of life on Mars. Thereare even those who boast of their ignorance, (rememberthe attacks on the New Deal brain trust?).It is curious, now that one comes to think of it, howsuspicious of knowledge the majority of men are. Mythsare fostered whose function is to persuade people that aman who knows about something is less able to do something about it than the man who is ignorant. In middle-class folklore men who know more than others are depicted as being absent-minded, impractical, unrealistic,while those who don't know anything are portrayed asbeing successful in achieving what they set out to do.A set of prejudices which includes the belief that thoseprejudices are superior to knowledge tends to be self-perpetuating.But we have drifted away from our main subject.What, we were asking, are we to do about the masses ofbooks that publishers are turning out daily? Ought wetry to read them all? Can we read them all? And if wedon't, can we understand our own culture? And if wedon't understand our own culture, how can we improveor defend it?The fact that most reasonably intelligent middle-classpeople want to make other people believe that they haveread all the books is recognized by those editors and publishers of digests, omnibooks and concentrated essenceswhose function seems to be to enable people to talk aboutbooks as though they had read them. There is clearly, insome strata of society at least, a large number of peoplewho believe that social prestige is to be gained by pretending to have read all the best sellers. Obliging editorstherefore present them with the names of the characters,summaries of the plot or the argument, etc., so that theycan at least hold their own in a general conversationabout these books. But clearly all this is reprehensible. Ifa book is worth writing at length it is worth reading atlength, and to assume that one reads a book simply (if itis a novel) to learn the names of the characters and thenature of the plot is to reveal an appalling illiteracy.Further, to assume (as the advertising of so many of thesebooks of summaries does) that one reads in order to display one's supposed knowledge at dinner parties is to takea pretty low view both of reading and of dinner parties.Bad books, "indeed, ought to be summarized, for therenothing is lost- — and perhaps something is gained — bycompression. Obviously, if you can summarize a 300page novel into ten pages and lose nothing much in the DAVIDDAICHESprocess the original novel must have been pretty bad.In a properly written novel every comma is of the lastimportance, and a summary is no more the real thingthan dried beef is a herd of cattle. If a novel can beadequately summarized it is ipso facto bad.One solution to our problem, then (at least as far asit concerns fiction), is that a board of competent criticsshould be appointed to read all the new novels, and thatall the bad (i.e., summarizable) ones should be summarized and circulated in digests and all the good ones shouldbe merely listed by title. Then we could read all thesummaries of the bad ones and learn what is going onin the literary demi-monde without wasting too muchtime; after that we can proceed to read the good onesin toto. The really good works are not so numerous, sothis latter task would not call for too much expenditureof time. But the importance of reading the summaries ofthe bad works should not be underestimated, for badworks reveal the state of culture more clearly than good.The good work is the product of the exceptional, unrepresentative mind, while the bad arises from the commonplace, average, typical mind of his generation. EdgarGuest speaks for the middle class of his day in a way thatW. B. Yeats does not. And one poem of Guest is an adequate summary of his whole output : that is not true ofYeats.If our magazine literature, then, consisted exclusivelyof digests of bad books it would serve an extremely usefulfunction, and I for one would read more magazines thanI do. But as most magazine articles consist of middlemen saying clearly and simply what can only be adequately said in a profound and complicated manner- —and what is generally said in such a manner elsewhere—I cheerfully pass them by. In any case I am suspiciousof this whole movement to make culture too easy (worldliterature in five short paragraphs) . Like making love,the acquisition of culture is difficult but fascinating, andit can't be done in a hurry. Bad books, like unattractivewomen, can be dealt with in a hurry without any loss,and that is why I should approve of digests of bad books;but I would no sooner attempt to acquire culture frommagazines than I would try to make love to a pretty girlon a bus. Both love and learning require time, patienceand the proper atmosphere^ and if (like Dante) we needa guide, we certainly don't want a conductor.ONE MAN'S ARMY• By CODY PFANSTIEHLTime, tests, officers andluck will tell where wego from here.February 22, 1942.Pullman "Chippewa"en route to Texas.Sunday afternoon.GEORGE has just had a birthday at sixty miles anhour. As I write, here on the Pullman seat, thiscar full of new soldiers is noisy with laughter andshouts of "congratulations." We are a thousand milesfrom home, but George's birthday has banished lonelinessfor the afternoon.Spontaneous singing broke out this noon. Until thatmoment we had been friendly, but our friendliness camefrom the outside — we were in a common dilemma. Aswe sang together we realized that we were beginning toknow each other. It was good to feel it.We were singing "Harvest Moon." A young soldiermade his way down the swaying aisle, pausing at eachseat to whisper, "George has a birthday today." Whenwe finished the song someone whistled a signal. Thewhole car sang "Happy Birthday." At our insistenceGeorge clambered to his feet. He is a great tall fellowwith a deep bass voice, and a smile like the entrance tothe Holland Tunnel. He grinned all over his big face.WTe made him run the length of the aisle as we pattedhim on the back-sides. As he stumbled along there wereshouts of, "Don't swat him hard, guys. Take it easy!"George returned to his seat-mates flushed, breathless andhappy. If ever there was a sincere, spontaneous birthdayparty, this was it.We learned yesterday afternoon that we are going toSheppard Field, in Texas. We are all Air Corps men.The group is much like any fraternity on an outing. Thegang a month ago at the physical examination in Chicago,weeks before our induction, was a motley crew — sweptright off the streets and out of the factories and officesof the city. Now we are beginning to sift out. TheseAir Corps men are a bit above the general inductionaverage, I'm sure.The birthday over, we have settled down to await thenext development. The passing landscape has begun toflatten out, to lose its trees, and to take on that eternalsandy brown of the flatlands of the West. Scrubby patchesof woods, each with its tired, dilapidated cabin and dejected barn, have given way to larger fields and slowlyrolling hills veined with small, dry arroyos. Towns comeless often. Shortly after lunch the guys began lookingfor cowboys. At two o'clock a new soldier, undoubtedlyborn and bred to Chicago's pavements, shouted, "Fellas,der's a hoss wid' a saddle!" No one could spot the cowboyto go with the horse, however.Later we passed a station platform on which lay alarge casket ready for shipment. George called "Hey,boys, there goes our future. Oh oh!" And we all laughed,because it was a joke, what George said, and none of usreally believed it.This noon the friendly young private in charge of ourcar told us that we would go to chow wearing our jackets."Fie says dress for dinner, boys," a helpful fellow shouted."White tie. Mrs. Van Astor, won't you join us guys inthe diner?" I ate with a Boy Scout regional executive,a young petroleum chemist interested in photography,and a trap drummer, orchestra leader from Joliet. "Youknow," said the orchestra leader, "Joining the Army thesedays ain't like it was with the first guys, with BettyGrable on one side and the town mayor on the otherand pichas in the papers afterwards.""No," said Big Joe from the next table. "Last Wednesday the band was down to see us off but it froze upand hadda go home." "Yeah," added the petroleumchemist. "Now the milkman doesn't even wave to you."¦Jf -5f -3fI have been sitting here thinking of the hundreds oftroop trains like ours, moving according to a great plan,across the United States. Behind us machinery and menare coming to life to mould and pound out the arms andequipment which will support us wherever we may go.The whistle far ahead has just wailed for a crossing.As we passed a patch of woods two children, their lankylegs too long for their faded blue overalls, galloped likeyoung colts from the trees, rounded a barn, and stood,arms hanging, to watch our troop train pass. On thesloping porch of a tired old farm-shack stood a womanholding a baby, and an old man leaning on a cane. Thebroken screen door was open behind them. The babywaved at us in the troop train. The engine hoots upahead on our troop train. A dusty automobile stops atthe crossing while its occupants watch our troop trainpass. In the windows of the train are young men inbrown uniforms — soldiers. I can look dcHvn the aisleand see brown shoulders against green Pullman seats.These are troops. This is a troop train. ... I am in atroop train. I have to repeat it to myself, and these wordsare strange to write.We are due at the Post at seven o'clock tonight. The12THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 13guys have been singing "Deep in the Heart of Texas."They ain't lyin'.February 23, 1942.Barracks 224406th School SquadronSheppard Field, TexasWe rolled into Sheppard Field about seven thirty. Thesoft evening air caressed us as we stepped off the Pullmanwith our blue barracks bags slung over our shoulders.There was a soft orange-red and hazy green-blue westernsunset in the sky. The air was full of sweet sage — andthe heavy, sweetish smell of oil. We formed before afreight platform while a middle-aged staff sergeantcussed out our long roll-call.After a bit we started off, not in the old column oftwos, but in the now inevitable column of threes. In thetwilight we marched down the wide asphalt road betweenthe rows of white barracks. We bent under the weightof our bags. The barracks were almost the same as atCamp Grant, but they were longer and higher.It wasn't until we came to an intersection that werealized what sort of a place we had come to. We lookedto the right down the road. Barracks lined the street asit rose up, up over a slight rise, and down, down out ofsight. Blocks and blocks and blocks. It was the samewhen we looked to the left. That brief glimpse left evenBig Joe speechless.As we moved down the fast darkening street, soldierscame out on the second floor fire-escape platforms andfirst floor doorsteps of the barracks. They shouted therecruits' universal opening question: "Where you from?""Illinois — Chicago" we answered. "G'wan home," theyreturned. "They ain't any trees here. G'wan home." Weplodded on. The next barracks took up the question,"Where ya' from?" After a few blocks we needed anovelty. "Alaska," Joe shouted at one barracks. Otherstook up the game. "Maine!" "Flawaii!" "Timbuctoo!"And when soldiers called "Anyone there from Pennsylvania?" or "Got anybody from Wisconsin?" our menobligingly shouted into the dusk — "Sure!"We marched right into chow. It was plentiful andhighly seasoned. In the soft Texas darkness after chowwe formed on one of the bare earth parade grounds. Wewere split up in three groups and marched to our respective barracks. Big Joe is on my floor. And quiet, browneyed Bob McEwan — the petroleum chemist.Before we climbed into our cots for our first night inTexas we learned that this is the largest air mechanicsschool in the world, that it is also a reception center ( is to the Air Corps what Camp Grant is to the Army,hence here we will be classified again for jobs within theAir Corps, and probably shipped out in a few weeks toschools or some sort of duty about the country) , and thatthe red dust which blows down from Oklahoma and upfrom Texas is everywhere. These have all proved true.The first two facts we have since heard repeated froman official. The last we find gritty and noisy betweenour teeth on windy days. February 26, 1942Barracks 224Sheppard Field, TexasWe heard Marian Anderson sing today. It was wonderful, but not in the way you're thinking.Those of us who bought papers from the perky ladoutside the mess hall this morning learned that the Fieldwould graduate its first class, started in October, at fourthat afternoon. Marian Anderson would sing. But we"didn't think nuthin' of it" until we were ordered to fallout in overcoats and gloves at 12:30. Each barracks ofone hundred men was marched across the street to one ofthe drill grounds where sergeants and drill instructorsshifted us about until we were standing in large squaresof twelve men to a side, with the tall men to the fore.Big Joe stood in the front rank. The group slanted off tothe rear, like a lean-to, to the short fellows. Theseincluded a tiny Italian guy who waded about in a tentlike overcoat with a determined, preoccupied expression.All this took until 2:30. Grading off a thousand men isno small job.Square by square we marched down one of the widePost roads, past barracks and barracks and barracks, tothe air field at the opposite side of camp. By 3:15 wewere in place on the endless concrete ramp in front of thetowering hangars. We new men landed at the back ofthe masses of soldiers, far from the speakers' platform.We stood there in the cold sunny air, waiting for thegraduation to start, wherever it was. "They say there'sforty thousand guys at this field," said the soldier on myleft. "Thirty thousand," said a second man authoritatively. "Hell man, I heerd it was twenty-five," said a manin front. The first soldier looked about for a sergeant.Finding none, he jumped up for a quick look above theheads. "Gawd!" he said. I jumped. As far as I couldsee in the brief glimpse were brown field caps. Everywhere. Like a newly plowed field covered with clods ofbrown earth in even rows. "This must be one of them'Impressive Spectacles' you read about," said a boybehind us.At four o'clock a stiffening wave froze the ranks assergeants called their groups to attention. Nothingseemed to happen. We were put "at ease" again. Shortlya far-away public address system began to speak. Thewind wheeled about, tempting us with the indistinctwords. The band played somewhere over the horizon.There were more words, followed by a woman's singing,clear and lovely in the distance. "There's Marian Anderson!" someone exclaimed. A thin-faced soldier wearinglarge glasses said quietly, "She sure has a voice." Frombehind we heard someone ask, "Who's deese Andersongal?" "Singer," another man answered. There was apause as the far-away voice lifted on the breeze. "Shesing good," said the questioner.The last notes were blown away somewhere on theairport. We knew it was over when a leader shouted"Ten-shun!" Out of the corners of our eyes we couldsee a flag passing the front rows far ahead and to the14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEright. In a few minutes we relaxed again to wait ourturn to march off the field. We were back in our areaby 5:30.It was our first formal parade. We were probablysloppy, as well-drilled soldiers go, but we were definitelypart of a spectacle. And, of course, we heard MarianAnderson sing. I imagine that to her we looked prettyhandsome. But if you ask me what she looked like, I'dsay she looked just like the back of the neck of the soldierin front of me.March 1, 1942Sheppard FieldEach morning we wake when the sergeant switches onthe lights at five o'clock. There's a bugle, they say, butit's blown somewhere out in the area and we don't hearit. The sergeant shouts, "All right, you guys, roll out!"We do. We have fifteen minutes to dress in long two-piece underwear, woolen shirt, black tie, fatigue blouses,grey stockings, high shoes, canvas leggings (laced, notwrapped) , overcoat, gloves, and fatigue hat. Our eyesgradually open as we dress. We are awake by the timewe dash out the door into the cold night, where we standin ranks at attention in the dark under the brilliant starsto answer roll call. Found present and accounted for, werun inside again, strip off our overcoats, and proceed tomake our beds with diligence and care. We make sureour clothes are in proper order on the hangers hooked tothe shelf on the wall at the head of our bunks, and thateach and every button is buttoned.At six we fall out again, without overcoats if theweather permits — -which it usually doesn't — and march tochow in darkness lit only by street lights. Service is cafeteria-style, with compartmented trays as we had at CampGrant. In addition to hot or cold cereal, milk, fruit, andtoast, potatoes and meat often grace the menu. Westraggle back to the barracks individually, saunteringthrough the cool night. I usually buy a morning paperfrom the efficient newsboy and read the headlines as Ipass the street lights. Almost ran head-on into a marching squad the other day, doing that.In barracks again, we sweep and mop the fifty-man bay,brush red dust from the window ledges, fold our towelsjust so at the foot of our bunks, and generally tidy up.I mean tidy, too. To the last dust-fleck and cigarette ash.The sun is now beginning to get up, so we fall out forcalisthenics. For fifteen minutes we exercise to cadence,standing in ranks. It is no child's play, and it makes onefeel good.Next we march to a lecture hall— a bare room with asmall bare stage— where we sit on benches to hear talkson post regulations, military courtesy, short reviews ofmathematics, first aid, or whatnot. At 9:30 we breakinto small squads and mingle with the dust on the drillfield until 10:30, when we return to the barracks to awaitlunch, being careful to lie gently on our smooth bunkslest we wrinkle them before 4 : 00, when our working dayusually ends and the status quo of the immaculate bar racks may be changed to something more practical.Sometime during the morning an officer makes the inspection rounds. If there is anything amiss — and he canusually find something — he bawls out the barracks sergeant, who speaks to the corporals in charge of each rowof twelve beds, who mention the facts of life to us, whohave charge of each bed. . . .After lunch, the 1:30-2:30 period varies. Today wewere blood-typed. Yesterday we filled out size-slips forour new and more complete issue of clothing. Tomorrowit might be a test of some sort in the small assembly hall.From 2:30 to 3:30 we recreate. On our first day wemarched to the parade field. "Flow many wants to playball?" the corporal in charge asked of the hundred menin front of him. He carried one bat and one ball. "Ifyou don't, you gotta do something," he warned. We alldecided to play ball. "What a game this is going to be!"said an amazed soldier. So we passed a fatigue hat, andwith the resulting $5.10 bought bats and balls at a nearbyPost exchange. We've been playing ball every day now,and having a lot of fun at it.After a free hour in the barracks in which we shower,shave (since there is not time in the morning) andchange to O. D. uniforms and write letters, we fall outfor chow. To me, this is the best part of the day. Theworld is quiet, the sun is soft, and the air is warm andgentle. The wind has tired of playing with the dust, andthe sky is wide and blue and benevolent. So am I.Lights go out at 9:30, but on most nights we are freeuntil 1 1 : 00. Because we are "casuals" — unassigned andunattached men — we cannot yet get passes to town. Wego to the Post theater for twenty cents, or to the crowdedand unadorned Post exchange to drink pop or specialissue beer. Or we lie on our bunks and write letters.This last is by far the most popular pastime. There is arumor that Congress will pass a measure which allows usto mail letters free. If true, it's wonderful.This is a period of waiting. When our tests are passedand we are classified, we are "shipped" out of camp. Thetests are much like the Camp Grant tests. They areintended to sort out potential or accomplished mechanics,sheet metal workers, clerical workers, parachute riggers,machinists, teletype operators, radiomen, photographers,and the various other vital experts who "keep 'em flying." We indicate three preferences in order. Theoretically we get what we ask for, though there are threemonth waits for some of the slower moving schools suchas weather observation or photography.Those who fail to qualify for schools, or who mustwait for their turn in the slow-moving lists, are sent outon "general duty." This means maintenance work mostany place in which the Air Corps is operating. It maymean active service "on the line."We spend our time in speculation on our future, a subject we know very little about at this point. The rumorsgo by like breezes. They are not to be trusted. Onlytime, the tests, the classification officers, and luck willtell where we go from here.NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESThe University and the WarTHREE more members of the faculty have takenleave for war service. William M. Randall, professor of library science, editor of The LibraryQuarterly, and assistant dean of students, has been ordered to report to Washington for active duty. He willhave the rank of major. Theodore O. Yntema, professorof statistics in the School of Business and director ofresearch of the Cowles Commission for Economic Research, has become research officer in the War ShippingAdministration, Washington, D.C. He served as advisoryeconomist to several defense agencies in the past twoyears. Edward B. Espenshade, Jr., instructor in the Department of Geography, has been appointed civilian director of the War Department Map Collection in Washington.Chicago business men, 120 of them, all representativesof firms working on government war contracts, are enrolled in a lecture-conference course, "Problems of WarContracting", sponsored by the School of Business andthe Law School, in collaboration with the U. S. Office ofEducation. The course is designed to provide a broadunderstanding of the problems involved in obtaining andoperating under government contracts; the lecture conferences are given to speed war production by improvingco-operation at the executive level. The course, whichbegan on April 8, is filled to capacity; it is taught byMalcolm P. Sharp, professor of law, and Samuel H.Nerlove, associate professor of business economics.With 15 per cent of its members already placed in positions vital to the furtherance of the war effort, thewomen's class in office administration, a ten-week, tuition-free course offered by the School of Business in cooperation with the U. S. Office of Education, closed onApril 10. The students were a highly selected group, thefifty women having been chosen from among 1200 applicants. Instruction in the course was given in five majorfields: office supervision, personnel problems, accountingand statistical techniques, office techniques, and principlesof organization. "Because of the current demand forwomen trained as analysts, supervisors, and administrators," said Ann Brewington, assistant professor of businesseducation, "every woman in the class has already had offers of two or more positions in new war industries or infirms placing women in junior executive jobs formerlyheld by men." Of the students who have already acceptedpositions, one has gone to Washington as interpreter offoreign languages in the Bureau of Facts and Figures, twohave become office supervisors, two are senior clerks inordnance plants in Illinois, and two will teach typing onthe Quadrangles to sailors enrolled in the radio communications course.A free, evening course in geometrical optics and opticaldesign, including ray tracing methods of lens design and tolerances in optical manufacture, highly important in themanufacture of many types of sighting apparatus, beganon March 31. A free course in ultra high-frequency radiotechniques, also sponsored by the University and theU. S. Office of Education, began on March 31. Bothcourses are divided into laboratory and lecture sectionsand are limited to students having a background in college physics.Other courses designed to help win the war includepractical spectroscopy and spectrographic analysis, theprocess by which steel and other materials can be"x-rayed" to detect flaws; aspects of map production,including preparation of maps from aerial photographs,field mapping and the newest surveying methods, andtopographic map drafting; two courses to improve business reporting, one in industrial statistics and one instatistical methods; and elementary instruction in radio.When the two sections of the seventh basic militarytraining course of the University's Institute of MilitaryStudies began on April 3 and 8, similar courses patternedafter the Chicago training were in operation in threeother educational institutions. Lyons Township JuniorCollege, in LaGrange, Illinois, was the first of the institutions to begin basic military training on the Chicagoplan. A second course was organized at Wheaton Collegeon March 18. The third, at the University of Toledo,began operation on March 27 under the direction ofCapt. Frank R. Hickerson of the Toledo faculty, whocame to Chicago to complete arrangements for the course.Other institutions are expected to follow, according toArthur L. H. Rubin, director of the Institute of MilitaryStudies.Specialized training for meteorologists, physicists,chemists, and others expecting to be employed in industryor to serve in the technical branches of the armed forces,will be provided during the summer quarter. Doublecourses will be offered in mathematics, trigonometry, andcollege algebra for students who wish to speed up theirprograms in those fields. A course in exterior ballistics alsowill be given by the Department of Mathematics. TheDepartment of Physics will offer beginning and intermediate courses in physics, enabling students to acceleratetheir basic training. Courses in spectroscopy will alsobe given. The Departments of Astronomy, Chemistry,and Physics will participate in a conference on spectroscopy to be held June 22-27. In addition to programsdesigned to aid the war effort, the Division of the PhysicalSciences will continue to offer its usual program for graduate study and research.In accordance with the military need for seven timesas many doctors as in peacetime, the medical school hasscheduled four new speed-up classes in the next two years.Students will be admitted every nine months instead ofthe customary year, and will complete their work in three1516 T IT E UNIVERS I T Y O F CHICAGO MAGAZINEyears instead of four. Studying straight through the yearwith no vacations they will cover the normal work withno lessening of the regular high standards. The SelectiveService Boards will automatically defer all medical orpre-medical students accepted by the medical school, butthey are required to apply for commissions in the Armyor Navy.Faculty wives at the University and women of theHyde Park, Woodlawn, and Kenwood communities havejoined together to form the Midway Service Organization to provide recreation for sailors of the Naval Training School housed on the Quadrangles. Several hundredsailors are now quartered at the Midway. By July 1, thenumber will be greatly increased. "The problem of providing recreation for these sailors," said Mrs. Jacob Viner,chairman of the new oganization, "has been recognizedby many members of the community. The MidwayService Organization has been formed to channel theactivities of all groups and individuals in a way mosthelpful to the sailors. The new organization will notcompete with any organizations already set up, such asthe USO, the Service Men's Center, and the OCD, butwill assist them."An exhibit of War Art, assembled by the School ofDesign in Chicago and the WPA Illinois Art and CraftProject, is on display in the galleries of the RenaissanceSociety. Among the exhibits are sketches for murals fortraining camps; a peg board used as a training aid forconvoy, naval, and tactical maneuvers; shock-absorbing,wire-cloth material for helmets and parachutists' clothes;a folding field table; models illustrating the art of camouflage; and photographs and diagrams of many other warmaterials. The catalogue of the exhibit was written by L.Moholy-Nagy. The exhibition will be open until May 2—Goodspeed Hall, 108, daily except Sunday, 2:00-5:00P.M.The New DegreeOn March 25, after discussing waste in American education, President Robert M. Hutchins, in an addressbefore Midwest educators attending the meeting of theNorth Central Association of Colleges and SecondarySchools held at the Stevens hotel, said:"The charge most bitterly urged against the action ofthe University of Chicago is that it is impolite. It is saidthat the Bachelor's degree is the common property ofthe colleges and universities of the country and that itcan be offered two years earlier only by the commondecision of these institutions."But, as we have seen, the Bachelor's degree is commononly in a derogatory sense. The variations which characterize it from coast to coast were not introduced bythe common act of all the institutions awarding the degree."But those who charge the University with impoliteness seem to be living in a world of dreams. To say thatno change can be made unless it is made by the commondecision of all institutions is tantamount to saying thatno change should ever be made. "Far from being impolite, the University of Chicagois simply performing in its historic role in the Americaneducational system. The action of the University marksthe culmination of the University's efforts to make senseout of American education."The most serious obstacle to the success of this efforthas been the national passion for the Bachelor's degree.The University now proposes to use that passion forgood educational ends. The result, over a long period oftime, may be real colleges and universities in the UnitedStates."ScholarshipsMore than 1100 high school graduates competed inthe annual prize scholarship examinations conducted atthe University and in fifteen centers throughout the country on April 4. The candidates represented 196 highschools in the United States. More than 730 studentsfrom the Chicago area took the examination at the Midway. The war did not decrease the proportionate number of men applicants. As in other years more men thanwomen competed for the twenty full scholarships andtwenty half scholarships to be awarded to this year's mostsuccessful candidates.Dr, Joseph B. DeLeeJoseph B. DeLee, founder of the Chicago Lying-inHospital, died on April 2. Because of his efforts as aclinical investigator, practitioner and missionary, obstetrics in the United States during his nearly fifty years ofactive work was developed to a greater degree than inany other country of the world. His efforts were largelyresponsible for startling reductions of maternal and infant death rates in the United States. He was regardedas an extremist when he first crusaded for the establishment of separate facilities for obstetrics apart fromgeneral hospitals, and for rigid precautions against infection, but he lived to see his principles made mandatoryby board of health regulation's throughout the country."It was never DeLee," said the Chicago Sun in aneditorial, "it was always the Lying-in. In the sick roomhis gentleness, his patience and his sympathy weremothers' landmarks in thousands of passages through theValley of the Shadow. And after he became famous, thecare and attention he gave a penniless mother was nevera whit less than that which was lavished on those whotold him to name his own fee."Paul de Kruif in a letter to the Magazine made thefollowing statement: "Joseph B. DeLee was the modernSemmelweis, and did more than any other physician tomake the great truth discovered by Semmelweis growand live again. DeLee was a fighter, and like all fighters for life, had more enemies than friends in his owndiscipline. He was personally a remote man becausehe reserved his love for motherhood in general. Hislifetime of acts of love mean more to mankind than allthe fine words of love uttered by medical lip-servantsto the fight against death and suffering."ATHLETICS• By DON MORRIS "36SIX years of uninterrupted supremacy in Big Tenfencing ended last month as Illinois took the championship from Coach Alvar Hermanson's men. RaySiever, left-handed sophomore, won the sabre title, tokeep the defeat from being complete. He was carryingon for his brother Paul, now a student in the medicalschool; Paul won the sabre title two years ago.The only team to turn in a better record this year thanlast was the wrestling squad, which played host to themeet and moved into a tie for sixth with Wisconsin.Oddly enough, Wisconsin's points were all made by JohnRoberts, who won through to the 175-pound championship. Coach Spyros Vorres' Maroon group lacked asingle finalist but achieved the same total by wins in theconsolation matches. Frank Getz won third in the 145-pound bracket, and Carroll Pyle, Larry Bates and Leonard Humphreville took fourths.All in all, the winter quarter performances leave thetask of earning at least one Conference championship tothe spring quarter teams. There have been only eightyears since the Big Ten went into operation in 1896 inwhich some Maroon team has not won a title. The lasttime this happened was in 1925; so if the tennis, golf,baseball, and track teams should fail to come throughthis spring, it would be the first time in seventeen years.Chicago won the football and baseball championshipsin 1896, those being the only sports available for the OldMan's teams to win. The next year it was just baseball,and in 1898 Chicago won neither (the baseball title wasnot clearly determined). Chicago won its second footballcrown in 1899, but in 1900 the longest titleless series ofyears set in, and it was not until 1905 that things began topick up. In that year the Maroon teams won both football and outdoor track. Nineteen hundred and six wasanother blank year, but in 1907- Chicago came back totake football and basketball. The next year those twowere successfully defended and track was added. Andso on. Basketball kept on falling prey to Chicago until1910. It was track in 1911, and 1912 was the last titlelessyear until 1925.The parade began: 1913 — football, baseball, tennissingles and doubles; 1916 — swimming (a tie), and tennissingles and doubles; 1917 — outdoor and indoor track;1918 — tennis singles; 1919 — swimming; 1920 — basketballand tennis doubles; 1921 — swimming and tennis doubles;1922 — golf and tennis doubles ; 1923 — tennis doubles;1924 — football, basketball (a tie), golf, and tennisdoubles.After the 1925 blank, it continued: 1926 — golf andgymnastics; 1927 — gymnastics; 1928 — gymnastics andfencing; 1929 — tennis singles and doubles; 1930 — gymnastics and tennis singles and doubles; 1931 — gymnastics CONFERENCE STANDINGS: WINTERFencing Third Wrestling . . Tied SixthGymnastics .... Third Swimming . . . SeventhRifle Fifth Basketball TenthTrack Tenthand tennis singles and doubles; 1932 — gymnastics; 1933 —gymnastics; 1934 — gymnastics, fencing and tennis;1935 — tennis; 1936 — fencing; 1937 — fencing and tennis;1938 — fencing and tennis; 1939 — fencing and tennis;1940 — fencing; 1941 — fencing.Chances are that the 1942 title will be in tennis. Thebaseball team got off to an unencouraging start, but eventhough the boys pick up speed, they are not a brightchampionship prospect. This department figures them towin three to five Conference games. Likewise the golfteam doesn't appear much of a threat for the title, andthe track team which finished tenth indoor, while it islikely to do better outdoors, is not of title class.The tennis team, on the other hand, suffered only apaper loss— that of Bob Smidl, who transferred to Williamand Mary after looking very good as a freshman last season. This was not easy to take, but it is easier than theblows received by Michigan's defending champions andNorthwestern's perpetual thunderclouds. Chicago stillhas every one of the six men who effected last year'ssecond-place tie. Northwestern still has Seymour Greenberg, the businesslike No. 1 champion, but Bobbie Jake,who was slated to play No. 2, received an injury a coupleof months ago which may keep him out of the lineup.And as far as Michigan's wonder team is concerned, theWolverines lost Jim Tobin, their No. 1 last year, a factwhich in itself would be of no great moment, since hesimply lost to Greenberg anyway. But Tobin's graduation puts each of the Michigan players up a notch, andfor a team which played a few inches over their headslast year, another notch may prove fatal.The three contestants who among them played theNo. 5 and 6 singles and No. 3 doubles matches, are atthe moment engaged in a battle with half a dozen othersfor the bottom spots on the team. The round robinresults will be reported in an early instalment of thisredaction.Round robin, incidentally, according to Dr. Yancey T.Blade, is a term derived from the ancient practice of theMedes of awarding a live robin which had been overfedfor weeks to the winner of an athletic contest or othercompetition of endurance. Blade, who is the most inveterate of all sports followers, even having followed the athletic department from Bartlett Gymnasium to the thirdfloor of the Reynolds Club, where it now is, will havemore to say about the robin phenomenon next month.1718 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHI CAGO- MAGAZINETHE CHAPEL SERMON—(Continued jrom page 5)we should be for democracy even if it had, intellectually,not a leg to stand on. Nor can it be supported by suchopinions as that of an eminent Columbia professor, whohas said that we should be for democracy, not becausewe know it is good, but because we feel that it is goodfor us. We have never had to pay very much for democracy in the past. We are going to have to pay for itnow. If we are for it merely because we are accustomedto it, we may decide that the price is too high.Freedom, democracy, and human rights become merepropaganda phrases, and are properly distrusted as such,unless they are employed with that conviction which results from understanding. Freedom can be the emptiestof all words. Freedom of speech is empty unless we havesomething to say. Freedom of worship is empty if weknow no god to worship. And what good are freedomfrom want and freedom from fear if we have no ideawhat to do with our money or our security? If freedomis doing what you please, it is not merely empty; it isdangerous. The will to self-realization becomes the willto power, and freedom ends in slavery.So it is with democracy. If what you mean by democracy is the sum total of the prejudices of the Americanpeople, the American way of life, upon which we areembarked because of the geography, climate, and socialforces which have played upon us, there is no reasonwhy other people, who have basked in other suns, beenbuffeted by other breezes, and baffled by other socialforces should welcome the armed missionaries of theUnited States.And unless we believe and can show we believe thatthe human rights for which we are fighting are the rightsof all human beings, including the Germans and theJapanese, we must confess that justice is the interest ofthe stronger and that might makes right. When we havemade this confession, we have lost the war.Human rights rest on human dignity. The dignity ofman is an ideal worth fighting for and worth dying for.It is so not as William James would have said, becauseit satisfies our habits or emotions, but because it is true,and we can know it is true. Human dignity rests onevident propositions about the kind of animal man is.He is, though an animal, a rational and spiritual being.His minimum animal needs must be met if he is to liveat all; but he cannot live a human life unless he has thechance to fulfill the immense want of his rational andspiritual nature. This is what Plato meant when he said,"We differ from most people in not regarding mere safetyand existence as the most precious thing men can possess,but rather the gaining of all possible goodness and thekeeping of it throughout life."Men are essentially interdependent. It is clear enoughthat to sustain life they must live in society. It is justas clear that they must live in society to achieve theaspirations of their rational and spiritual nature. Man is not inherently selfish, actuated alone by the principle ofself-preservation and the desire for material security. Lawand government answer to the needs of our commonhuman nature and are established to help each of us inour own lives meet those needs. They are not imposedupon the individual wholly from without, with no sanction but that of force. They are necessary accompaniments of human co-existence.Democracy is the best form of government because itis built upon these principles. It is the only form ofgovernment that is founded on the dignity of man, notthe dignity of some men, of rich men, of educated menor of white men, but of all men. Its sanction is not thesanction of force, but the sanction of human nature.Equality and justice, the two great distinguishing characteristics of democracy, follow inevitably from theconception of men, all men, as rational and spiritualbeings.In this light freedom takes on meaning. It is notfreedom to do as we please, but freedom to achieve thatautonomy which we approach in proportion as we developour rational and spiritual nature. It is not mere freedomto live that concerns us most, but freedom to live humanlives. Men must be free to exercise those powers whichmake them men.These things we must believe if we are not to lose thewar. We must do more than believe them; we mustshow that we believe them. We might as well begin now.We might as well begin at home. And we might as wellbegin with ourselves. The outcome of the war and thenature of the peace will be determined by the characterand ideals of the victors. Only a democratic country canwin a democratic victory and make a democratic peace.But the character and ideals of a country are the character and ideals of the people who inhabit it. And theircharacter and ideals, in turn, are determined by theirconvictions. "As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he."The common complaint is that the only thing a citizencan do who is not in the armed forces is to buy bonds.But one contribution to victory we can all make: eachof us can develop his own intelligence and his own character to the end that we may all understand and bedevoted to freedom, democracy, and the supremacy ofhuman rights everywhere.I am not so naive as to assume that the Americanpeople can become good overnight, or that if they tryand fail they will lose the war and lose the peace. Thequestion is rather what are the ideals that we set beforeus and how sincere and serious is the effort we make toachieve them. The words I have used are words onwhich we have all been brought up. I am suggestingmerely that they should be neither slogans nor opiates.They must give life to the life of every one of us andset the goal toward which we must struggle not in thefuture alone, but now.The conviction and demonstration which the timesrequire are not esoteric, abstruse, or difficult. All men,whether they admit it or not, whether they use it or not,CHICAGO MAGAZINE 19listening to cheap radio programs or gazing, open-mouthed and stupefied, at cheap movies or big headlines.They do not need to be told that they are not cultivatingthe powers that make men democratic when they areactively or passively conniving at the cheating, oppression,or exploitation of their fellow-men.We can try to establish the good society here and now.The effort is not expensive. It will not divert the countryfrom its military endeavors. Unless we make it, ourmilitary endeavors will fail. We are accustomed to thedoctrine that mere defensive military operations cannotwin a war. It is just as true that mere defensive social,economic, and political operations, mere defense of thestatus quo, will lose a war. It will also lose the peace.An international organization, without a change of heart,wrould be the greatest prize of greed and ambition, andhence the most alarming portent of universal destruction,that the world has ever seen. We need a new order forAmerica. We need a new order for the world. If wedo not provide it, Hitler will. Men who do not wantto live like beasts must make up their minds to live likemen.Chicago BattleREPORTS of the battle practice engaged in by 1,000 students of the University ofChicago's Institute of Military Studies, in the wooded bluffs andslopes of PalosHills, indicate it was a wearisome and inconclusive engagement in which several hundred who became "missing in action" were the only casualties. But the fact that asmany as 600 or 700 of the students, recruited from all occupations of life, were able tofind their way back out of the woods, was itself the first crown cl glory for a fundamentally worth-while endeavor. When one considers the unfamiliarity of most citydwellers with their surrounding terrain, the percentage isn't bad at all. These Chicagoans are learning military art and practice the hard way; and it is no more than anyonedeserves who puts off learning too long. When the hard way is the only way, thesooner the painful task is begun, the better.All credit then, to this university and the men of all ages who risked ridicule inresponding to a human and natural urge — the desire to fit themselves as best theymay for the emergency of war before the emergency is at hand. It is unfortunatethat similar courses are not available in every strategic section of this nation. It isunfortunate, to be specific, that they are not available in New Orleans and Louisiana.It is apparent that popular demand is still not strong enough to bring about someform of volunteer civilian military training of this type, even though the supposedlytemporary ban on the sale of firearms brings home to every citizen the virtual absenceof an alternative means of defense. We should not care at any rate to have theresponsibility of opposing in any way the development of such a movement, or ofcontributing to any thought that the civilians of this city or nation are in any materialway divorced in this period of national crisis and peril from the military obligationsof their brothers in uniform.— The Times-PicayuneTHE UNIVERSITY OFare endowed with the natural light of reason. And allmen, since they are spiritual as well as rational, are burdened with conscience. They do not need to be toldthat war calls for equality of sacrifice and that neithercapital nor labor can be allowed to extract profit from aprocess which is sending thousands of men to their deaths.They do not need to be told that racial and religiousdiscrimination in the Army, Navy, and war industries isundemocratic. They do not need to be told that ruralslums and urban slums are undemocratic or that the condition of those on public relief is as undemocratic as itwas before the war. They do not need to be told thatit is undemocratic to organize pressure groups to obtainor protect special privileges. They do not need to betold that it is undemocratic to arrange the distributionof educational opportunity so that the child in the poorstate gets little compared with the child in the rich state,the child of a poor family gets little compared with thechild of a rich family, and the Negro child gets littlecompared with the white. They do not need to be toldthat they are not cultivating the powers that make mendemocratic when they are reading cheap literature orI'LL NEVER FORGETOther Alumni Will Enjoy Your Recollections of Moments and Moods^ Teachers andClasses on the Quadrangles. Send YourMidway Memories — Meditated or Extemporaneous — To Fll Never Forget. . . .The University of Chicago Magazine5733 University Ave. Chicago, IllinoisOn a Perfect Night for AnselmI'LL never forget my first year at the University. Itwas then that I learned that entering freshmen areof two varieties : those who seek law and order, and thosewho seek to avoid it. Unfortunately for the sake of peaceand quiet, the boys on my floor at Burton Court wereevenly divided between the two groups. I belonged tothe law and order faction, as did my friends. We wereadults now, my friends and I agreed, (hadn't Hutchinssaid so?) and we wanted to walk in the dignity befittingour new station in life. Opposed to us was an equal number of basically law-abiding citizens who temporarily hadleft the beaten track to demonstrate their newly foundfreedom.There was one person on the floor who was absolutelyneutral — the entry-head who occupied a mysterious suiteat the end of the hall. We seldom saw him. He was agraduate student of physics, which meant to us that hisfeet never quite touched the ground.We lived peacefully enough until the cold weatherdescended on Chicago. That meant that the freedom-expressing faction could no longer roam at will on theQuadrangles, serenade the girls at Foster, drink beer atHanley's or do whatever they did do while we otherswere deep in the study of Cur Deus Homo?One night in January a howling northwest wind bottled us up in our rooms. It was the sort of wind thatpicks you up as you emerge from Harper on 59th street,and sets you down across the Midway on 60th. Nobodywanted to be out in it. What a perfect night for Anselm,I was thinking. But the other faction had different ideas.They were for action and violent action at that. It beganwith a neat wiring job on my doorknob, which made itimpossible for me to get out without assistance from anally down the hall. Then a bucket of water swept undersomeone's door, causing him to flee for his life to the topof the dresser.Eventually one victim received the brunt of these so-called "jokes." It was Dick, my peaceful and lofty-minded friend down the hall. First his doorknob waswired to that of the telephone booth across the hall,eliminating the possibility of escape. In true Nazi fashion, the tormentors demanded tribute from me as theprice of peace, tribute in this case being some of myprized incense, which was labelled "Orange Blossom," butwhich actually smelled like burning rubber when ignited.The incense was placed under Dick's door, but it did nothave the desired effect. He didn't suffocate, he merelysighed. A new form of torture was then applied. Thistime brandy was spilled in front of the door and ignited.A sort of Christmas gesture, but Christmas had beenover for weeks. The combined odors of ten cent incenseand thirty-nine cent brandy were repulsive" to say theleast. And not once did the noise in the hall subside toless than a loud roar.But still the victim refused to capitulate. In a final,brilliant gesture of defiance, he turned on his radio justloud enough for us to hear the strains of a beautiful waltzemerge from the crack in the door panel. That was toomuch for the aggressors. They removed the wire andwent to bed.A moment later the seldom seen or heard entry-headrushed from his room into the hall, a look of hurt andanger on his face. He halted in front of Dick's door andknocked firmly."Yes?" the exhausted Dick answered feebly."Turn down that radio!" the entry-head thundered.— William Henry Friedman, A.B., '41.A Series of FragmentsTHE sober, studious facial expression of the audienceat the Hutchins-Adler premier of Diagrammatics.The vast interior spaces of the Chapel, dark as a closetand echoey as an armory, before they were shut off fromany but regularly escorted tourists.The chessboards and men, scarred and battered by athousand noisy conflicts, in the nook above the ReynoldsClub stairs.That certain professor who was able to answer all questions. One drowsy spring morning an unexpected question startled an "I don't know" out of him. A shudderran through the class. Breathless, the students awaitedfurther cosmos-shaking revelations of humanity underthe doctor's hood. But the quick-thinking academiciangot his guard up and came out of the corner with an authoritative "Nobody knows."The strikingly dark grease on the silverware of the little Chinese restaurant near the Psychology Building,where you could snatch breakfast before making an eighto'clock at the latter; it was known, of course, as TheGreasy Spoon.Finally, the geologic specimens in the Rosenwald basement, wrapped in newspapers carrying the latest developments in the American Civil War, (these were afterwardsreclassified) .—Fritz Leiber, Jr., Ph.B., '32.20THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGONEWS OF THE CLASSESCaptain G. L Dosland, J.D. 26THE dots and dashes of the International Code blink and flash inthe darkened corners of the FieldHouse. Several times daily a paradeof blue-uniformed trainees marchessmartly past the Oriental Instituteand down University avenue, on itsway to the Field House or the Bernard Edward Sunny Gymnasium. Tohouse the recruits, the gymnasium hasbeen transformed into what is virtually a battleship on the Quadranglesand the signal posts of many UnitedStates fleet units now in constructionwill be manned by those who are nowin training at the University.When he took his J.D. at the University in 1926, Goodwin L. Doslanddid not foresee that in 1942 he wouldbe in charge of the Naval Signal andRadio Training Schools at the Midway. He did not know then that hewould be responsible for the schooling, housing, and general welfare of2400 men and twenty officers. Andhe has little time now to reflect uponhis graduate work at the University.His working day begins at seven inthe morning. By ten o'clock at nighthe can begin to think of quitting. Buthe can't forget that he is on call theremaining nine hours.Captain Dosland's command extends over Sunny Gymnasium, Burtonand Judson Courts, Bartlett Gymnasium, and at least twenty classrooms invarious buildings on the Quadrangles.Most of the quarters have been or willbe remodeled by the government toprovide suitable housing for a mostimportant unit in the nation's wareffort. The vital need for communications between far flung units of thefleet and shore establishments, submarines deep down and aircraft highover, underlies the curriculum of thetrainees."One of the first things studentsailors learn," says Captain Dosland,"is a new language — the kind of talkthey will use aboard the destroyers,cruisers and battleships they will beassigned to. At Sunny gym and otherUniversity buildings used by the Navy,a doorway is not doorway, but agangway. * The floor is the deck, andthere are no walls — they are bulkheads. You don't go upstairs, you gotopside; and there are no stairs and hallways, they're ladders and passageways. When you're going downstairs,you're going below. You don't go tobed, you turn in, and when you goto work you turn to."Even the time is different. It'snot eight in the morning, it's 0800(oh eight hundred), and eight in theevening is 2000 (twenty hundred) .There are still twenty-four hours inthe day, but there is no A.M. or P.M."Every effort is made to maintainshipboard routine. Reveille is at 5: 30;at 6 : 20, after setting up exercises andmaking up bunks the men "turn to."Breakfast, dinner, and supper areserved in Ida Noyes cafeteria — theSchool's mess hall. Classes, study, andpractice keep the trainees busy untilAl Pfanstiehl PhotoCAPT. G. L DOSLAND, U.S.N.R.He is in command on what mightbe called the U.S.S. Sunny Gym.7:30 P.M. (The Navy calls it 1930.)The students are free for an hour anda half until the nine o'clock Taps andLights out. They are permitted to go"ashore" from about 11 A.M. onSaturday, until 8 P.M. on Sunday.The concept of the sailor which thelayman has derived from the old timesea stories doesn't fit the naval students here at all, Captain Doslandpoints out. "They are all clean-cut MAGAZINE 21young men, and many had a year ormore of college before enlisting in theNavy and the Naval Reserve. Theircourses are condensed into fourmonths, and are as stiff as any college course." On graduation, the menare fully prepared for active war service in the fields in which they havebeen trained.Captain Dosland lives in BeverlyHills with his wife and two sons : William, fourteen years old, and John,eleven. The Captain and his familyexpect before long to move into living quarters on the Quadrangles.:'s The captain's "extra-curricular" in-)0 terests are closely related to his As director of the American Relay) . Radio League, the association ofin amateur radio operators, he is inter-.." ested in working out a plan to use itsin 38,000 members in civilian defense—); to coordinate Goodwin L. Dosland was born on." July 31, 1903, in the little collegere town of Moorhead, Minnesota. Heie grew up in the town — played foot-id ball, debated, and majored in scienceil at Concordia College, where he tookhis A.B. in 1923. He came to theUniversity of Chicago in that year,and in 1926 received the degree ofDoctor of Jurisprudence and beganthe practice of law.Two years ago the Navy calledhim from his work as head of theChicago law firm, Dosland, Conner,and Mayfield. He has been in command of the Yeoman's TrainingSchool in Toledo, Ohio, and onMarch 24 began his work at theUniversity. When asked what he doesin his leisure time, the Captain smiled."I haven't had much leisure time forthe last couple of years," was hisanswer; and it was an understatement.EMPRISEOur Soldier Sons ! What deed do theyTo halt our steps and lift our eyes —These lads who only yesterdayFaced years that reached to brilliant skies ;What quest is theirs — these MarchingSons —To speed their steps and lift their sight,To grip the will — as onward runsThe marshalled strength of youthfulmight ;This then their deed : a challenge flingsIts might against the darkened hordeThat sweeps the skies on wanton wingsAnd cleaves the peace with lawless sword;This then their quest : to gain the truthBeyond the hate — the light whence gleamsA nobler day; a day when youthMay live its years to build its dreams.—HORACE LOZIER '94(From The Christian Science Monitor,April 10, 1943)22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE? IN THE SERVICE ?Alex Somerville, who entered theArmy before completing his work inthe College, is in training at CampRobinson, near Little Rock, Arkansas.Emanuel R. Parnass, '15, JD '16,abandoned the practice of law inWaukegan to go on duty as divisionjudge advocate with the 5th InfantryDivision at Fort Custer, Michigan.He has the rank of lieutenant colonel. During World War I, ColonelParnass served as a private underLyndon Lesch, '17.For the past year, Robert Ross,AM '27, has been serving in the U. S.Army. At present he is stationed atJefferson Barracks, Missouri.Errett Van Nice is a lieutenant inthe U. S. Naval Reserve at QuonsetPoint, R. I.Frank E. Lee, JD, a captain in theField Artillery, is stationed at FortSill, Oklahoma.Joseph S. Hicks, PhD, '27, a captain in the Chemical Warfare Service,is chief of the Protective Clothingand Decontamination Department atEdgewood Arsenal, Md.John E. A. Schroder, '41, formerly a chemist with the GeneralDyestuff Corp., is now at the U. S.Naval Academy, Annapolis, in theNaval Reserve Engineering Trainingprogram for Engineering officers.Abraham I. Braude, BS '37, MDRush '40, is on active duty as a lieutenant in the Medical Corps at Bor-inquen Field, Puerto Rico.Major Everett Lewy, PhB '25,JD '27, is on the faculty of the TankDestroyer Tactical and Firing Center,at Temple, Texas. His brother, Captain Robert B. Lewy, SB '30, MD'35, is in the Army Medical Corps,with headquarters in Chicago. Thethird brother, First Lieutenant Lawrence E. Lewy, AB '34, JD '36, isattached to the Personnel Adjutant'soffice at Camp Livingstone, Alexandria, La.William R. Jordan, JD '16, is nowon active duty with the Army as alieutenant colonel in the Coast Artillery Corps at Memphis, Tenn.Jay Berwanger, '36, lieutenant(j.g.), U.S.N.R., is a recruiting officerat the naval recruiting headquartersin Chicago. The former all- American,who made football history at the Midway, spoke and presented a movingpicture April 9 at the Oriental Institute. In discussing the Navy's V-l,V-5, and V-7 plans, he emphasized thefact that the United States Naval AirForce demands the highest caliber ofmental and physical qualifications. RUSH MEDICAL COLLEGEALUMNI DINNER MEETINGON SATURDAY, JUNE 13The annual business meetingand dinner of the Rush MedicalCollege Alumni Association willbe held in the Red LacquerRoom of the Palmer House inChicago. Dr. Morris Fishbein, itis announced, will be one of thespeakers. The dinner will beginat 6:30.John K. Helferty, MD '34, isbattalion surgeon at Camp Seeley,Imperial, California.Capt. Charles H. Brown, SM '36,MD '38, is stationed at Salinas AirBase, California.Capt. Allen D. Albert, Jr., AM'31, PhD '36, is in the Infantry atFort Benning, Georgia.Recently commissioned a first lieutenant in the Sanitary Corps, Medical Department, U. S. Army, ThomasA. Hart, PhD '41, has been orderedto Camp Gordon, Augusta, Georgia.Ensign Charles H. O'Donnell,'42, who was active in Quadrangleactivities, is an instructor at the NavalAir Station, Pensacola, Florida.Carl J. Singer, '35, is in the FirstSchool Squadron, Chanute Field,Rantoul, Illinois.James K. Goldsmith, '39, is at the4th Evacuation Hospital, Fort Devans,Massachusetts.Martin I. Dollin, MD '37, is amember of an army induction teamat Syracuse, New York.Two brothers who joined the Navyrecently are John F. Stevens, '41,who as an ensign has left for Washington, D. O, and William K.Stevens, AM '40, who after completing primary flight training atGlenview, Illinois, will go to Floridaor Texas for secondary flight training.Herbert C. Kalk, MA '40, writesthat he is in training for eight weeksin the Chemical Warfare Service atEdgewood Arsenal, Edgewood, Maryland.George T. Buckley, PhD '31, issecond lieutenant with the MississippiState Guard.As a captain in the Medical Corps,John J. Keith, MD '33, sailed inMarch for foreign service.Among the aviation cadets at KellyField, Texas, is Robert L. Jones, '38;he is in Squadron 9, Flight A, of thePilot Replacement Center.Edward R. Fischl, '41, is a private at Fort Clayton, Canal Zone.At the U. S. Naval Training Sta tion, Great Lakes, Illinois, ThomasS. Harding, AM '39, is training forYeoman 3rd class. Robert E.Miller, '38, MBA '40, is also in training at the same station.Capt. Robert C. Adair, '38, reports a change of address from CampCuster to the 19th Field Artillery Battalion, New York City.Lieut. Peter Sullivan, '40, is withthe Naval Reserve, stationed at theU. S. Naval Air Station, QuantisPoint, Rhode Island.Among aviation cadets reporting forflight and ground school training atthe Naval Air Station, Jacksonville,Florida, are John M. Leeper, '39,and James Loeb, '39.Harold Feldman, AM '38, is inthe Air Corps Technical School,Squadron 303, Kessler Field, Mississippi.Capt. Milton Wittman, AM '39,is in the Classification Service at FortKnox, Kentucky.The promotion of Gladen R. Hamilton, MD '34, from captain to majorin the Medical Corps has been announced from the headquarters of theMedical Field Service School, Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Pennsylvania.Conrad Reining, '41, is at CampJoseph T. Robinson, Arkansas.John Patrick Kelly, '30, an ex-captain in football, is first lieutenantin the Air Corps at Dow Field, Bangor, Maine.Paul J. Rogerson, MA '39, is anassistant instructor in English history,at the Air Corps Replacement Center,Maxwell Field, Montgomery, Alabama.Lieut. Leon H. Seidman, '34, MD'37, is a physician with the MedicalCorps, Camp Croft, Spartanburg,South Carolina.Charles F. Banfe, Jr., '41, is acivilian pilot instructor with theR.C.A.F. in Canada.An artist with the Training FilmPreparation Unit of the U. S. AirCorps, Vincent P. Quinn, '34, AM'36, is at Chanute Field, Rantoul,Illinois.Among alumni stationed at FortSill, Oklahoma, are first lieutenantsWilliam W. Peterson, '32, AM '34and Ned Preston Veatch, JD '34,and second lieutenant Riley Sunderland III, '37. H. F. Larson, '38, isin the Officer Candidate School.Two members of the armed forcesrecently visited the Quadrangles.Harry T. Stradford. '36, MD '38, isnaval physician in charge of 175 menon an oil tanker. Dr. Stradford completed his internship at the U. S.Marine Hospital in Baltimore andthen spent a year in the BrooklynTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 23Naval Hospital. Edward J. White-ley, MD '40, has been commissionedfirst lieutenant in the Army MedicalCorps and is teaching at Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Dr.Whiteley completed his internship atWalter Reed Hospital in Washington,D. C. Army life is not new to Dr.Whiteley, as his father has been anofficer in the Army for many years.1903Irving E. Miller, AM, PhD '04,will retire from the faculty of theWestern Washington College of Education at the close of the presentschool year, when he will have completed twenty-five years of continuousservice at that institution.1904Mary C. Bristol reports her occupation as landscaping, with an officeat Fort Lauderdale, Florida.1905Estelle M. Daniels writes thatshe has been in the. real estate business for several years in St. Petersburg,Florida.1907Mrs. Charles W. Adams (RuthBergman n) is a member of the staffof the Chicago Nursery and HalfOrphanage.1911Formerly a faculty member of theCollege of Medicine, University ofIllinois, Ralph H. Kuhns, MD '13,has been appointed director of theMetropolitan Unit of the Golden StateHospital, Los Angeles, California.1914At the celebration of the seventy-fifth anniversary of the founding ofHoward University in Washington, D.C. held in March, Walter Dyson,AM, spoke on "Howard University,Past and Future." Mr. Dyson, professor of history at Howard, is authorof the recently published bookHoward University: The Capstone ofNegro Education, a factual, narrativeaccount of the development of theuniversity from 1867 to 1940.An interesting article entitled"After Victory" appeared in theMarch issue of the Ole Miss AlumniNews authored by William C.Morse, state geologist of Mississippiand head of the department of geology at the University of Mississippi.Nelson H. Norgren, associate professor of physical education and longtime coach of the University's basketball team, recently presided over theannual meeting of the NationalBasketball Coaches Association held inNew Orleans. 1918Auditor and accountant, John R.McNamara is with the John Griffiths& Son Construction Co., U. S. NavalTraining Station, Great Lakes, Illinois.Frances L. Lauren is employedin the Adjutant General's Office ofthe Army Air Forces, at Wright Field,Dayton, Ohio.1920Robert E. Mathews, JD, is chairman of a local Selective Service Boardof Franklin County, Ohio.Included in the 1942-43 edition ofWho's Who in America is Mrs. Edward C. Castle (Marian Johnson)writer and contributor to many leading magazines. Mrs. Castle was thefirst essay prize winner in the University alumni contests and writes thatshe "was as proud of that as anythingI've had in Harper's, Colliers, LadiesHome Journal, Woman's Home Companion, since."1921E. S. Hoglund has been transferredfrom General Motors in Detroit,Michigan, to General Motors OverseasOperations, New York City.Adele Storck is engaged in thegeneral practice of law at Indianapolis, Indiana.1922Millard C. Hanson, MD, is commissioner of health in Richmond, Virginia.After serving for three years as associate director of the Hooker ScientificLibrary at Central College, Julian F.Smith, PhD, has become technicallibrarian and editor of the Institute ofGas Technology in Chicago. The Institute's intention is to collect theworld's foremost library on gas technology to serve the industry.Ralph H. Ballinger is an accountant and member of the firm of Wilson,Finnie and Co., Cleveland, Ohio.1923Lawrence Speaker, AM,, has beenappointed south area supervisor of theWorks Projects Administration in Chicago.As film librarian of the new VisualEducation Department of the University of Southern California, FrancesChristeson reports the the library isdoing "more or less unusual things inthe building up of a center of information about the sub-standard non-theatrical film."Two reprints have recently been received from K. S. Yum, AM, PhD '30,of the Psychology Library of the University : Primary Mental Abilities andScholastic Achievements in the Divisional Studies at the University of Chi cago, reprinted from the Journal ofApplied Psychology and Student Preferences in Divisional Studies andTheir Preferential Activities, from theJournal of Psychology.1924Ray M. Lawless, AM, PhD '40,is completing ten years of teachingEnglish in Kansas City, Missouri.1925William Rufus Morgan, JD, isspecial assistant attorney general incharge of the hearings before the Illinois Commerce Commission concerning the rates of the elevated, surfacelines, and motor coach company ofChicago. He is also in charge of thehearings on the various suburban railway rate petitions coming up beforethe same body.1926Former acting alumni secretary ofthe University, Allen Heald, JD '30,is now with the Office of Price Administration in Chicago.From De Paul Hospital, St. Louis,Missouri, Mary M. Steagall, PhD,writes that she has been flat on herback with a broken femur for eightmonths.1927William R. Kaplan, JD '29, is a¦f ?Offers young men and womenunexcelled preparation for business careers in the shortest timeconsistent with thoroughness.StenographicSecretarialCourt ReportingBookkeeping andAccountingDAY AND EVENING SESSIONSThe Year 'RoundCall for FREE vocational guid-ance booklet "The Doorway ToOpportunity." Visit the collegeany week day.(co-educational)The Gregg CollegePresident, John Robert Gregg, S.C.D.Director, Paul M. Pair, M.A.6 N. Michigan Avenue at Madison StreetState 1881? =?24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEspecial agent of the U. S. Departmentof Agriculture, Investigation Division,with headquarters in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.Paul Walter Runge is with theCarnegie-Illinois Steel Corp. at Chicago as metallurgist.1928George H. Allison, JD '30, is aninternal revenue agent, U. S. Treasury, in Hammond, Indiana.One of the regional advisors of theUniversity, Oliver Morton Keve, ispastor of the First Methodist Church,St. Joseph, Missouri. He is a memberof the Readers Council for the American Scholar, Phi Beta Kappa magazine.1929Marjorie H. Thurston, AM, isteaching English and literature on thecampus of the School of Agriculture,University of Minnesota. She receivedher PhD at the University of Minnesota in December 1940.At Armour Research Foundation inChicago George E. Ziegler, SM '30,PhD '32, is chairman of physics research.1930In the War Department at Washington, D. C, Edward J. Barrett,JD, is an attorney in the Aliens Division of the Office of the Provost Marshal General.Harold L. Richards, AM '33, isat Camp Lee, Virginia.1931William Maclean Kincheloe iswith the OPA, civilian supply, atWashington, D. C.1932Fritz Leiber, Jr. is an instructorin the Speech Department at Occidental College, Los Angeles, California. He directs dramatics there andhas recently conducted a class for defense speakers. He contributes occasionally to the magazine Unknown.Joseph E. West is an attorney atGalesburg, Illinois.Richard S. Spangler, AM '33, isHIGHEST RATED IN UNITED STATES[ ENGRAVERS '* SINCE 1906 + WORK DONE BY ALL PROCESSES' ++ ESTIMATES GLADLY FURNISHED ++ ANY PUBLISHER OUR REFERENCE +m !/a\i:i aDALHEIM &CO.2054 W. LAKE ST., CHICAGO. doing accounting and statistical workat the Masonite Corp., Chicago.1933Employed by the Securities and Exchange Commission in Philadelphia,Bernard O. Cahn, LLB, is assistantto the director of the reorganizationdivision.1934The New York Board of HigherEducation announces the appointmentof John B. Goodwin, MA, as curatorand business manager of City College.Mr. Goodwin is a former member ofthe financial research staff of the University of Chicago, and has completed course work for the doctorate at Chicago and Minnesota.Earl W. Roberts is a meat shipperand salesman for Armour & Co., Chicago.1935It is reported that Stella Gavrila-vicz, AM '36, now art supervisor atAllegan High School, Allegan, Michigan, will be instructor in art for thecoming summer at Central MichiganCollege of Education, Mt. Pleasant,Michigan.Wallace Byrd, MD, is countyhealth officer at Owenton, Kentucky.Carleton L. Lee, AM, is Hi-Y sec-TtcutDeliriously Differentore Easy to Make with? TASTY/? chewy/?crunchy/How to Make DeliciousBABY RUTH COOKIESVz cup butter, or other shortening3A cup white sugar1 cggIH cups flourVi teaspoon sodaVi teaspoon saltV2 teaspoon vanilla2 Curtiss Baby Ruth bars, cut in small piecesCream butter and sugar until smooth.Beat in egg. Stir in other ingredients.Chill and drop by half teaspoonful ongreased cookie sheet. Bake in a moderately hot oven (375° F.) for 10-12 minutes. Makes 50 cookies. To make a barcookie, bake cookie dough in an 8' by12* cake pan at 375° F. for 15-20 min-utes. Cool slightly and cut into bars.CURTISS CANDY CO., CHICAGO, ILL.CURTISS CANDY COMPANY, CHICAGO, ILL.Ad Bo. U15341041 Cook BookTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 25BOILER REPAIRINGretary, National Council of Y.M.C.A.,in Atlanta, Georgia.Betty E. Hopp is a teacher at theRobinson Township High School, Illinois.iff * flTII ^m^ ||LovelyTable AppointmentsFINE. CHINA, CRYSTALGOLDEN DIRILYTESILVERGifts — Imported and Domestic.For Quality and Distinction seeDIRIGO, INC.70 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago, 111.BUSINESS DIRECTORYAMBULANCE SERVICEBOYDSTON BROS.All phones OAK. 0492operatingAuthorized Ambulance Servicefor Billings HospitalUniversity Clinics, etc.PACKARD AND LASALLE EQUIPMENT AUTOMOBILESFRED W. REMBOLD, INC.6130 Cottage Grove Ave.DODGE and PLYMOUTHDirect Factory DealersSales and ServiceDependable Used CarsPhone Midway 0506AWNINGSPhones Oakland .0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awnlns Co.,INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove Avenue 1936Rev. Truman L. Hayes is a regular member of the Barnstable FireDepartment, Barnstable, Massachusetts, as well as a first aid instructor.As geo-physicist Thomas J. Bevanis located with the Magnolia Petroleum Co., Dallas, Texas.Sam Swadesh is a chemist at theInland Steel Corp., Chicago.1937Jack Chernick is a mathematicsresearch worker in the ballistics department at Aberdeen ProvingGrounds, Maryland.Donald Bussey was dischargedfrom the Army on December 24. Heimmediately accepted a position withthe New York Section of the Office ofFacts and Figures. "My eight monthsin the Army," he writes, "were a richexperience, and curiously I'm findingit more difficult to adjust to civilianlife again than I did in getting usedto being a soldier. I would welcomehearing from any alumni who may bein the New York area." (There are1,748 thereabout — ed.) His addressis 5 Prospect Place, Tudor City, NewYork City.1938Lola A. Emery, MBA, is an assistant adjutant of the Civil Air Patrol atJoliet, Illinois.Harold E. La Belle, Jr., has beentransferred to Salt Lake City, Utah.He is with Goodyear Tire & RubberCo., with whom he has been sincegraduation.1939Kathleen Millikin is districtsuperintendent of Social Security inCleveland, Ohio.1940Nelia D. Beverley, AM, is an English teacher at the Wayland Academyand Junior College, Beaver Dam,Wisconsin.Arthur A. Salzmann is machinedesigner with the Semet-Solvay Co.,Hopewell, Virginia.SOCIAL SERVICE*Catherine Dunn, AM '30, hastransferred from the public assistancedivision of the Social Security Boardto the community organization sectionof the Office of Defense, Health andWelfare in Washington.Ruth Jackson, AM '35, has accepted a position with the Children'sService Association of Milwaukee,Wisconsin.John Whitelaw, AM '37, hasbeen appointed secretary of the Council of Social Agencies in Portland,Oregon.Deborah Pentz, AM '38, is supervisor of field work in the School of BEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICELICENSED - BONDEDINSUREDQUALIFIED WELDERSHAYmarket 79171404-08 S. Western Ave., ChicagoMEDICAL BOOKSof All PublishersThe Largest and Most Complete Stock andall New Books Received as soon as published. Come in and browse.SPEAKMAN'S(Chicago Medical Book Co.)Congress and Honore StreetsOne Block from Rush Medical CollegeCATERERJOSEPH H. BIGGSFine Catering in all its branches50 East Huron StreetTel. Sup. 0900—0901Retail Deliveries Daily and SundaysQuality and Service Since 1882CEMENT CONTRACTORST. A. REHNQUIST CO. CONCRETE\w/ FLOORS\r\r SIDEWALKS\\ V MACHINE FOUNDATIONSw MASTIC FLOORSv ALL PHONEScsr. int Wentworth 44226639 So. Vernon Ave.CHEMICAL ENGINEERSAlbert K. Epstein, 'IiB. R. Harris. 71Epstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTel. Cent. 4285-6COALEASTMAN COAL CO.Established 1902YARDS ALL OVER TOWNGENERAL OFFICES342 N. Oakley Blvd.Telephone Seeley 448826 THE UNIVE COALWasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phones: Wentworth 8620-1-2-3-4Wesson's Coal Ma kef Good — or —Wasson Does COFFEE-TEALa Touraine Coffee Co.IMPORTERS AND ROASTERS OFLA TOURAINECOFFEE AND TEA209-13 MILWAUKEE AVE., CHICAGOat Lake and Canal Sts.Phone State 1350Boston — New York— Philadelphia— SyracuseELECTRICAL CONTRACTORSWM. FECHT ELECTRIC CO.CONTRACTORS - ENGINEERSLIGHT & POWER CONSTRUCTIONTelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. Seeley 2788ELECTRICAL SUPPLIESENGLEWOODELECTRICAL SUPPLY CO.Distributors, Manufacturers and Jobbers ofELECTRICAL MATERIALS ANDFIXTURE SUPPLIES5801 EnglewoodS. Halsted Street 7500EMPLOYMENTCOLOREDDOMESTIC HELPFurnishedDay or NightReferences investigated.Englewood Employment Agency5530 S. State Phone-Englewood 3 1 8 1 -3 1 82Street Night-Englewood 3181Established 20 years RSITY OF CHICAGOSocial Work at the University ofWashington, Seattle.John Richardson, AM '39, hasaccepted a position with the Bureauof the Budge t, Washington, D. G.Eunice Harkey, AM '37, has beenappointed director of the U. S. O.Travelers Aid Unit in Little Rock,Arkansas.Donald Hartzell, AM '37, hasleft the Social Security Board to become field representative for the Division of Social Protection, Office ofDefense, Health, and Welfare Services in Washington, D. C.Edith Brookhart Millard, AM'37, has been made director of theHillhaven Home for Adolescent Girlsin San Francisco.Marjorie J. Smith, AM '38, hasaccepted the position of executive director of the Associated Charities ofWorcester, Massachusetts.Florence Stevens, AM '38, hasjoined the staff of the Social ServiceBureau of Newark, New Jersey.Marcia Dancey, AM '39, has beenmade director in the U.S.O. TravelersAid Unit in the Army and NavyY.M.C.A. at Newport, Rhode Island.Ruth Schuler, AM '39, is working with the Children's Bureau in LosAngeles.John Anderson, AM '40, hasjoined the staff of the Children's AidSociety in Buffalo.Peretz Katz, AM '40, is caseworker in aid to dependent children,Cook County Bureau of Public Welfare in Chicago.Celia Creasy, AM '41, has accepted a position with the Foster CareDepartment of the Division of ChildWelfare in the Missouri Social Security Commission.Henrietta Dracup, AM '41, hasbeen appointed case worker with theAmerican Red Cross, Columbus, Ohio.Harold Hagen, AM '41, is servingtemporarily as child welfare workerwith the North Dakota Public Welfare Board.Dean Abbott, Miss Wright andMiss Towle attended the annualmeeting of the American Associationof Schools of Social Work which washeld in Pittsburgh, January 29-31.Lois Wildy, assistant professor ofcase work spoke at the State Conference of Social Work in Arkansas; andGrace Browning, assistant professorof social service administration wason the program of the Kansas Conference last month.Dean Abbott has been made amember of the Children's Bureau Advisory Commission on Children inWar Time. The first meeting of this MAGAZINE FLORISTSKenwood 1352WE DELIVER ANYWHEREKIDWELLALL PURPOSE FLORISTJAMES E. KIDWELL826 E. 47th St., Chicago, 111.GRAPHIC ARTS ~~THE SCRIPTORIUMScribes • Illuminators • BindersC'L RICKETTS JASPER S KINGIf it is said to last a lifetime or longer, sayit sincerely with well-chosen words m beautiful, imperishable designMESSAGES OF APPRECIATION, RESOLUTIONS, ILLUMINATED INSCRIPTIONS,MEMORIALS; BIRTHDAY, CHRISTMASAND GUEST BOOKS; CRESTS, COATSOF ARMS, TITLE PAGES•DIPLOMAS, CITATIONS,HONORARY DEGREES, CHARTERSValued papers and letters restoredand bound38 SOUTH DEARBORN STREETDEARBORN 0001 CHICAGO GROCERIESLEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: Hyde Park 9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERLAUNDRIESSUNSHINE LAUNDRYCOMPANYAll ServicesDry Cleaning2915 Cottage Grove Ave.Telephone Victory 5110LETTER SERVICEPOND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHooven TypewritingMultigraphingAddressograph Service MimeographingAddressingMailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAH Phones 418 So. Market St.Harrison 81 18 ChicagoLITHOGRAPHERE. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph — Offset — Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabash 8182THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 27OFFICE FURNITUREJ3usiness Equip.^rtxeirt \FILING CABINETSDESKS — LOCKERSCUPBOARDS — SHELVINGMetal Office Furniture Co* Grand Rapids, MichiganOPTICIANSNELSON OPTICAL CO.1138 East63 rd StreetHyde Park5352Dr. Nels R. Nelson, OptometristPAINTERSGEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3 1 86RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. TelephoneMonroe 3192PHOTOGRAPHERMOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF QUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago . . State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C. ALUMNIPLASTERINGHOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone Dorchester 1579PRINTERSCLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3935"Good Printing of All Descriptions*9 Commission was held in Washington,March 16-18. She has also recentlyattended a meetiing of the Family Security Committee for the Office ofDefense, Health, and Welfare Services in Washington.Helen Dennis, AM '41, has returned to the Department of PublicHealth in Utah for work in the crippled children's service.Marjorie L. Case, AM '41, whohas supervised field work at the schoolfor the winter quarter, has gone toKentucky to help set up state programs for aid to dependent childrenand aid to the blind.Mary Harms, AM '27, has joinedthe staff of the Illinois State Department of Public Welfare serving aschief psychiatric social worker in theinstitutions of the feeble minded.Maria Pintado Rahn, AM '36, isteaching social work courses at theUniversity of Puerto Rico.Am6ng the students who receivedthe A.M. degree at the March Convocation, the following have takenpositions in child welfare: DonaldCasper, social service staff of the StateTraining School for Boys at St. Charles, Illinois; Mabel Fend, case worker,Chicago Orphan Asylum; Neva Itzinand Mary Elizabeth Robinson, caseworkers with the Children's AidSociety of St. Louis, Missouri; RoseMaggio, supervisor in the departmentof Public Welfare in Baltimore;Harold Hagen, child welfare work,Public Welfare Board, North Dakota;Marion Maxwell, director of childwelfare services in Wyoming; BethMuller, director of child welfareservices in Arkansas; Robert Nash,supervisor in the state welfare officein New Hampshire; and CasperWolhowe, acting director of childwelfare services in North Dakota.Other students in public welfarepositions are Edna Gearhart, socialworker, State Hospital, Kankakee, Illinois; Fred Lewin, case worker supervisor in the West Virginia ( State Department of Public Assistance; Josephine Schoetz, case worker, StateHospital for Mental Diseases inHoward, Rhode Island; and HarryIsenberg, case worker, Chicago Relief Administration.Other students who have acceptedpositions with other private agenciesare Agnes Anderson, director of theU.S.O. Travelers Aid Unit in Atlanta,Georgia; Alice Drell, case workerwith the Provident Family and Children's Service in Kansas City, Missouri; Eleanor Feeney, case worksupervisor, Salvation Army, Chicago;Marian Hayes, Travelers Aid Society,Chicago; Martha Scarlett,, field RESIDENTIAL HOTELSBLACKSTONEHALLanExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748 TelephoneBlackstone Ave. Plaza 3313Verna P. Werner, DirectorRESTAURANTSThe Best Place to Eat on the South Sidecolonial restaurant6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone Hyde Park 6324ROOFERSESTABLISHED 1908KjROVE^SIfcLROOFING^IBfew co.ROOFING and INSULATINGRUGSAshjian Bros., in<ESTABLISHED 1921Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 South Chicago Phone Regent 60COMMERCIAL SCHOOLSINTENSIVE1 STENOGRAPHIC COURSEfor College People OnlySuperior training for practical, personal use or profitable employment. Course gives you dictation speed of100 words a minute in 100 days. Classes beginJanuary, April, July and October. Enroll Now.Write or phone for bulletin.BRYANT & STRATTON College18 S. Michigan Ave. Chicago Tel: RAN. 1575MacCormac School ofCommerceBusiness Administration and SecretarialTrainingDAY AND EVENING CLASSESAccredited by the National Association of Accredited Commercial Schools.1170 E. 63rd St. H. P. 213028 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETEACHERS' AGENCIESSHEET METAL WORKSECONOMY SHEET METAL WORKS•Galvanized Iron and Copper CornicesSkylights, Gutters, Down SpoutsTile, Slate and Asbestos Roofing•1927 MELROSE STREETBuckingham 1893TEACHERS' AGENCIESAMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement which limits itswork to the university and college field.It is affliated with the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency60th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One Fee64 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoMinneapolis — Kansas City, Mo.Spokane — New Yorkpulseofficial student magazine published at the University ofChicagopresentsCampus News, Features, ShortStories, Poems, Humor, Prominent Authors.15c, I copy $1.25, 10 copiesFaculty Exchange, Box 97Be Informed; Read, Comprehend, Digest,pulse representative, National Travelers AidSociety; Margaret Skillman, medical social worker, Douglas SmithFund, Chicago; and Lucy Wright,National Red Cross, Washington,D. C.BORNTo Lieut. D. L. Hamilton, PhDMl, and Mrs. Hamilton (Mary N.MacKenzie, '36, AM' 37) a son, Mac-Kenzie Lee, on February 10, at Annapolis, Maryland.To C. Ted Johnson, AM '39, andMrs. Johnson, a daughter, Lovice Lee,on February 17.To J. Phillip Dunn, LLB '34 andMrs. Dunn, a daughter, Eugenie, onMarch 19. Mr. and Mrs. Dunn residein Rockford, Illinois.To Adolph J. Rinnander and Mrs.Rinnander (Marian Grimes, '36), ason, Jon Alfred Rinnander II, onMarch 23.To James P. lams and Mrs. lams(Ruth Willard, '33), a daughter,Judith Louise, on March 6. The lamslive in Yellow Springs, Ohio.To Paul E. Wenaas, PhD '34, andMrs. Wenaas of Chicago, a son, EricPaul, on January 9.To Morris Eigen and Mrs. Eigen(Sarah R. Moment, '32), a daughter, Suzanne Gail, on November 22,1941, in Washington, D.C. Suzie hasa brother Joel, 3/2 years old.To C. Ted Johnson, AM '39, andMrs. Johnson, a daughter, Lovice Lea,on February 17.To Hobart W. Gunning, JD '36,and Mrs. Gunning, a daughter, JoanDorelle, on January 25 at Princeton,Illinois.To Robert D. Morgan, JD '37,and Mrs. Morgan, their first child, ason, Thomas Dale, on February 8th inPeoria, Illinois.To Benjamin Libet, '36, PhD '39,and Mrs. Libet (Fannie Evans, AB'41), a son, Julian Mayer Libet, onJanuary 31, in Philadelphia.ENGAGEDCloyd Stifler, '35, of Wilmette,Illinois, to John B. Johnson,, Jr., whois completing work for the doctorateat the University.Marian Hawkes of Kennebunk,Maine, to Raymond A. Hemingson,'24, of New Haven, Connecticut.Elizabeth Rogers, '40, of Chicago,to Franz Weber of Wayzata, Minnesota.Sally Hatfield King, of New YorkCity, to Sherman K. Shull, '32, ofChicago.Virginia P. Ruby, '41, of Boston, HUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY25 E. JACKSON BLVD.Telephone Harrison 7793Chicago, III.Member National Associationof Teachers AgenciesGenerally recognized as one of the leading TeachersAgencies of the United States.UNDERTAKERSBOYDSTON BROS., INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29-31 Cottage ©rove Ave.All Phones OAKIand 0492UNIFORMSTailored Uniforms Made to MeasureWomen Doctors and Nurses, Stock sizeInterne SuitsANEDA McSWEENY1910 So. Ogden AvenueSEEley 3734 Evenings by Appointment VENTILATINGThe Haines CompanyVentilating and Air ConditioningContractors1929-1937 West Lake St.Phones Seeley . 2765-2766-2767Albert Teachers' Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoEstablished 1885. Placement Bureau formen and women in all kinds of teachingpositions. Large and alert College andState Teachers' College departments forDoctors and Masters; forty per cent of ourbusiness. Critic and Grade Supervisors forNormal Schools placed every year in largenumbers; excellent opportunities. Specialteachers of Home Economics, Business Administration, Music, and Art, secure finepositions through us every year. PrivateSchools in all parts of the country amongour best patrons; good salaries. Well prepared High School teachers wanted for cityand suburban High Schools. Special manager handles Grade and Critic work. Sendfor folder today.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 29This Movie OpportunityKnockedONLY ONCE?And so it is with most chances to takeprecious movies. For children grow up"over night," school days are gone beforewe know it, trips are seldom retaken.. .littlethat's dear to us remains long unaltered.That's why it's wise to have a moviecamera at hand ... a good camera that youcan always depend on to get the pictureright. You can put that faith in a Filmo,built by the makers of Hollywood's preferred studio equipment. Filmos are easy touse. Just sight, press a button, and what yousee, you get — in full natural color if you wish.See a near-by dealer about Filmos, ormail the coupon. Bell & Howell Company,Chicago; New York; Hollywood; Washington, D. C. ; London.Established 1907.PALM-SIZE Only a FILMO 8offers all thesefeatures:. A lifetime guarantee!• "Drop-in" loading . . .no sprockets to thread.• Built-in mechanismfor slow-motion andanimated -cartoonfilming.• Automatic, sealed-inlubrication ... no oiling.• A basic camera, withversatility to keep pacewith your progress.Makes movies for afew cents a sceneWith fhree-lens turrethead, from $ 1 16.80Prefer 16mm. film ? See Filmo Auto Load, aceof magazine-loading motion picturecameras, priced from $131.20o o •MAU COUPON FOR fP.EE MOVIE BOOKLETBELL & HOWELL COMPANY1839 Larchmont Ave., Chicago, 111.Please send free ( ) booklet about Filmo equipment; ( ) information on cameras.Name Address Cty State GQ 4-42 to Lieut. Alex C. Montgomery, Jr., ofBirmingham, Alabama.Yvonne Martin, an undergraduate, to Wayne S. Boutell, '41, ofElburn, Illinois, aviation cadet at asouthern base.MARRIEDEleanor J. Cohen, '39, to SidneyM. Gunther, '39, on February 28.At home, 434 Roscoe Street, Chicago.Marjorie L. Means to Lieut. JohnA. Ford, '36, on March 1, at CampShelby, Mississippi.Morley Marshall to Ensign DeWittH. John, AM '37, on February 14.The Johns are living in Newton,Massachusetts, as he is stationed atthe Navy Yard in Boston.Janet Lavern Smith, '31, toAustin de Stolfe, on March 14. Athome, 261 Southwest 12th Street,Miami, Florida.Dorothy Spohn to Alex C. Davidson, Jr., MBA '39, who is a specialagent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The Davidsons are livingin Savannah, Georgia.Eunice Felter, AM '41, toMerle William Boyer, PhD '40, last"November 1. Dr. Boyer is pastor ofEdgewood Lutheran Church, Wheeling, West Virginia.Margaret C. Stowell, SM '39, toLt. Robert Brown Shanks, on March7, in Beverly Hills, California. Lt.Shanks is now in active service in theArmy Engineering Corps at FortLeonard Wood.Ione Margaret Mack, AM '27, toWilliam W. Mendenhall, AM '30,last August. They are living at 507East Seneca Street, Ithaca, New York.Joanne Louise Kircher, AB '40,to William Wray Macy, AB '41.The wedding is planned for March inBond Chapel.Maryalice Wesche to Norman H.Nachtrieb, '36, PhD '41, a researchchemist with the Pittsburgh PlateGlass Company in Barberton, Ohio,last September. At home, 221 NorthPortage Path, Akron, Ohio.Jean F. Phillips, '42, to Robert E.Cassels, '39, who is stationed at theSavannah Air Base, on January 15.Dorothy J. Dieckmann, to RobertR. Reynolds, '39, who is on activeduty with the Marine Corps. At home,6850 South Shore Drive, Chicago.Miriam Bazelon to Roland I. Richman, '41, on December 9. Athome, 411 Roscoe Avenue, Chicago.Joan Rockwood, AM '41, to William E. Siri, on December 26. Athome, 5532 Kenwood Avenue, Chicago.Ruth L. Sider, '38, to George M.Factor, '35. At home 5129 University Avenue, Chicago.Marjorie J. Strandberg, '40, toRobert W. McRoy, in May of lastyear. At home, 6721 Paxton Avenue,Chicago.Lillian Young, to Theodore S.Stritter, '40, who received his commission as an ensign in the Navy AirCorps on his wedding day, in Pensacola, Floridaj on February 2.DIEDEmma B. Ecker, '19, of Denver,Colorado, on March 10.Mrs. John M. Tinker (Janet I.Casto, '18) of Penns Grove, NewJersey, on December 11, 1941.Edith E. Barnett, '09, on March29 at Pasadena, California. Miss Barnett taught for twenty-three years inthe Kansas City, Missouri, highschools, until her forced retirement because of ill health in 1936.James L. Sayler, '17, of Chicago,on February 5.Mrs. Forest E. Witcraft (WinifredWhipple, '12) on February 9, inSioux Falls, South Dakota.Mattie E. F. Webb, '09, wife of theRev. Atticus Webb, on February 22,in Dallas, Texas.Anne B. Larson, '24, wife of JohnG. Larson, on February 11 in Chicago.Robert W. Hegner, SM '04, onMarch 11, in Baltimore, Maryland.Dr. Hegner was a member of theJohns Hopkins faculty for many yearsand was widely known for his scientific work in protozoology and medicalzoology.Esther Witkowsky, '98, of Chicago, on January 3.Wilmer E. Davis, '15, of Manhattan, Kansas, on January 17.Arthur E. Holt, PhD '04, onJanuary 13. Dr. Holt was professor ofsocial ethics in the Divinity School ofthe University and in the ChicagoTheological Seminary.Rev. Richmond A. Smith, DB '89,on September 2, 1941, at Rochester,Minnesota.I give and bequeath to the University of Chicago the sumof (signed) 30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHE PROFESSOR TALKS—(Continued from page 4)message, "I am writing this in a class in biology, andam I bored! The professor is a whiz. He must be veryhighly educated because I don't understand a single wordthat he uses." This anecdote confirms what I have oftenheard, that students write letters in classes or occupythemselves with some similar pastime which makes themlook as though they were taking copious notes, while theprofessor talks to himself in technical language.The celebration of an important anniversary at anotheruniversity afforded me an unparalleled opportunity ofhearing an imposing array of scholars lecture to the publicon their specialties. Symposia were conducted on everysubject, and I sat in on as many as I could during thethree days I was there. Whether the humanities or thesciences provided the topic under discussion, it was thesame old story of academic jargon in almost every case.An English professor who analyzed a sonnet, for example,studded his speech with gems like "sensory connotation"and "artistically organic." His crowning touch was astatement that "the periphery of the poet's experience ismore important than the center." An anthropologist,talking about civilization, produced sentence after sentence like the following samples: "Empirical historiansmust eschew the tacit teleology of a unilinear evolutionism" and "The inhibitory effect of emotional revulsionfrom a novelty flouts the acculturational norm."I witnessed another typical case of the professors versusthe public recently at the dedication of a memorial toa famous scientist in the humble village of his birth. Attending the ceremonies were statesmen, editors, businessleaders, and several thousand inhabitants of the surrounding countryside. The long program of speeches includedtwo by professors from the same field as the man ofgenius whose memory was being honored. Both professors read interminable papers couched in the mosttechnical of technical terminology. Meantime, the patientbut puzzled expression on the faces of the natives in theoutdoor audience was a sight only less moving than theblank and despairing look on the countenances of visitorson the platform.Later, when I was told that the two dissertations wereto appear in scientific journals, I understood the reasonfor their especially abstruse content. But I still foundit impossible to forgive the scientists for causing the crowdto suffer such anguish. If the professors will persist incomposing perplexing speeches for public occasions, I wishthey would adopt the humane Congressional procedureof reading only the titles and then asking for the unanimous consent of the audience to "revise and extend" theirremarks in print.In all seriousness, I believe there is a grave dangerin the esoteric practice of the scholars. For, as long astheir thoughts are shaped to the exclusive understandingof a limited group of their fellow Ph.D.'s, so that theuniversities are impenetrable strongholds of jargon, the masses will naturally prefer the leadership of the demagogue to that of the pedagogue. The lesson of Germanyis highly instructive on this point, especially since it nowthreatens to become the lesson of the world. While theGerman pedants were preoccupied with producing whatHitler, in Mein Kampf, labels "intellectual babble," thewould-be Fuehrer concentrated on the task of creating"psychological masterpieces" to influence "the soul of themasses." As he marched on to seize more power thanany other man in the history of the world has everpossessed, he paused to record this pregnant precept forall to read: "I measure a speech not by the impressionit leaves with a university professor, but according to theeffect it exercises on the people."IVHaving been so brash as to scold the professor for hisliterary faults, I am now going to go further and outlinea general program for his reform. This I do despite theassurance I have had from one of our most distinguisheduniversity presidents that "the problem is insoluble" andthat he, himself, would rather be asked "something easy,like how to end the war or restore prosperity." For thereare exceptional American scholars who share the beliefof the great physicist, the late Lord Rutherford, that noconclusion is of any use until it is put into language theordinary man can understand. One of these is the headof the division of biological sciences at a large university.I recently heard him discuss the activities of his divisionat length and in detail, without resorting to a singletechnical term, and I am optimistic enough to believethat, if he can get along without academic jargon, thereis hope for the whole fraternity of professors.The first point in my program will require everyaspirant to the professoriate to prove that he can discusshis own subject in simple English prose. The candidatefor an advanced degree is already obliged to demonstratehis ability to read French and German ; under the newsystem, he will also find it expedient, if he plans to earnhis daily bread by teaching, to learn to write and speakhis own language.Second, no successful candidate will be allowed to lapseinto unintelligible "learned" language after he has beenhired. The first offender will be treated leniently. Hispunishment will merely consist of singing, solo, at aspecial convocation of the university, four stanzas of anew academic anthem. While the stanzas have not yetbeen written, the title will be "Oh See, Can You Say,"after the suggestion of the late James Weber Linn, beloved professor who fought the good fight for betterEnglish with all his wit and wisdom during his fortyyears at the University of Chicago. Special penalties forthe persistent offender will be fixed by disciplinary boardsmade up of long-suffering laymen; no clemency will berecommended.The adoption of this program may have to be postponed until such time as our professors of English canbe persuaded to undergo a preliminary reform of theirTHE UNIVERSITYOF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 31own. On them should rest the chief responsibility ofspreading the gospel of simple language, but they are atpresent as addicted to jargon as the rest of our educators.Not much help can be expected, for instance, from anEnglish professor who fills a textbook on grammar withverbal monstrosities like the following: "The appeal ofaphorism is intrinsic ; it satisfies without being functionallyrelated to context."Instead of waiting for a revolution to break out in theEnglish department, however, the professor could, if hewould, undertake a course of self -improvement by studying the secret of other scholars' success. Whatever his subject, he might begin with Lafcadio Hearn, whose permanent fame rests on the lectures in English literature thathe delivered at the University of Tokyo. Because theirknowledge of English was limited, Hearn had to usesimple words in addressing his Japanese students. Theworld owes some of the best literary criticism in theEnglish language to the completeness with which thosestudents were consequently able to take down his words,for Hearn, himself, left no written record of his lectures.The professor could also develop a better sense of thepower and the glory of the English language by devotingsome of his leisure to systematic reading of the world'sgreat literature. From Shakespeare and Milton, forexample, he would get as much entertainment as he findsin the detective story, the radio comedy, the comic strip,bridge, and other such trivial and intrusive spare-timepursuits. He would, moreover, have the full educationthat comes from acquaintance with the classics, ratherthan the half education that results from the narrowspecialization in a single phase of a subject, to which somany professors now restrict themselves and which, alongwith vanity, is mainly to blame for academic jargon.If there is anything on which all Americans agree, itis the importance of higher education. For that reason,more than two and a half billion dollars has been invested in the United States' sixteen hundred universities andcolleges, which make a yearly expenditure of almost sevenhundred million dollars. Ninety thousand teachers instructthe two million students who annually enroll in thoseinstitutions. Strenuous effort is constantly being madeto increase endowments so that faculty members can bepaid adequate salaries and provided with sufficient retiring allowances.In few countries at any time, and only at brief timesin any country, have professors had such complete academic freedom as that enjoyed by American professorstoday. Whether or not their convictions coincide withthose of the presidents and trustees of the institutions theyserve, they are, almost without exception, free to assertwhatever their reason and their consciences affirm. Theydo not have to advocate or defend any idea, theory, doctrine, policy, party, or sect in which they do not believe.In return for the privileges they possess, the professorshave an obligation to devote themselves to the disinterested endeavor of acquiring and teaching the best thatcan be known in the world. This they can do only byexpressing themselves in the age-old, every-day languagein which the great and true thoughts that live have alwaysbeen expressed. This they must do if the cause of learningis not to become a lost one. For no matter how muchmoney is put into institutions of higher education, theycannot do their jobs without capable instructors. Afterall, Socrates meeting his students outdoors did more tocreate the glory that was Greece than hundreds of mediocre teachers in monumental buildings can do to increasethe culture of America.President Conant of Harvard set the academic goalwhen he declared to the assembled representatives of mostof America's leading colleges and universities at the beginning of the 1941-42 school year, "We educators have apositive duty to proclaim at every crossroad our concernwith the average man." When the educators start out forthe cross roads, may they leave their academic jargonat home!An Excellent IdeaFIVE THOUSAND Northwestern University students recently conducted a drive tosell defense stamps and bonds to NU alumni in the Chicago region. By letter,'phone, and personal visit, the students tried to reach 20,000 alumni.But they did not stop there. As part of their campaign, the students suggestedthat the alumni contribute some of their defense bonds to the university.32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZ-INE.BOOKS.Recent and Forthcoming Publications of the University of Chicago Press of Interest to Alumni.IF YOU like to read little-knownfacts about well-known historicalpersonages; if you have wondered justwhat polygamy meant to the Mormons; if you want to know what theChurch is doing about the war; or ifyou are professionally concerned withthe biological characteristics of theNegro, the spring books of the University of Chicago Press will interestyou.Professor Louis Gottschalk's thirdvolume of the most extensive life ofLafayette ever written is just off thepress. The complete series is expected to comprise six volumes. Thethird book, Lafayette and the Closeof the American Revolution, coversthe four years from February, 1779to March, 1783. Mr. Gottschalk's useof a great many hitherto undiscoveredcontemporary sources throughout thethree volumes has resulted in new interpretations of the personality of Lafayette, his relations with Washington,Franklin, Hamilton, Wayne, and others, and the part he played in theAmerican Revolution. The twoearlier volumes are Lafayette Comesto America, published in 1935, andLafayette Joins the American Army,published in 1937. Both were widelyreviewed and praised, not only fortheir scholarly contribution but alsofor the vivid and dramatic style inwhich they were written. While Mr.Gottschalk does not detract from hishistorical glory, he does show us avery different Lafayette from the conventional historical figure, and reminds us that Lafayette's Memoirs reveal what he wished he had thoughtand said in 1777-79 rather than whathe actually thought and said. Theauthor has been a member of thefaculty of the University since 1925,and chairman of the Department ofHistory since 1937.Nels Anderson, who took his Mas ter's degree at the University in 1925,is the author of Desert Saints: Mormons on the Utah Frontier, published in April. Mr. Anderson iswell known for his study of the homeless men on West Madison street, TheHobo.Anderson was born in Chicago butmoved to Utah when a small boy,lived with Mormon families, andJOHN U. NEFProfessor of Economic HistoryWhen Professor Nef's recent book,"Civilization in the United States,"was reviewed in our March issue, aphotograph of Theodore Lee Neff waspublished as the historian's picture.We apologize to Professor Nef, andthank his many friends whose letterspointed out the unfortunate error.— The Editors.joined the Mormon Church. He sayshe is still "technically" a Mormon.His book differs from the many otherbooks about Mormon life because hecenters his study on a small community far removed from Salt Lake City.It was in the small isolated communities that Mormonism "flourished inits purest form," he says. As a Mormon, he had access to many churchdocuments, community records, andpersonal diaries not available to otherwriters. He interprets polygamy inrelation to the political and economic¦forces of the frontier, and says that front-page notoriety kept polygamyalive when it would otherwise haveperished. He tells, or retells, manyentertaining stories of the Mormonway of life, and of the leaders. Thebook is illustrated with many rare oldfamily portraits and pictures of contemporary scenes.The Divinity School of the University is represented by a collection ofnine lectures given by members ofits faculty under the 1941-42 Walgreen Foundation for the study ofAmerican Institutions. The volumehas just been published under thetitle, Religion and the Present Crisis,edited by John Knox. The contributors are Dean Ernest Cadman Colwell, Edwin Ewart Aubrey, CharlesThomas Holman, Henry Nelson Wie-man, Charles W. Gilkey, John T. McNeill, William C. Bower, WilhelmPauck, and Mr. Knox. The Press hasreceived the manuscript of the Walgreen series on economics, edited byChester W. Wright; it will be published in the early summer under thetitle, Economic Problems of War andIts Aftermath. The third volume inthe 1941-42 Walgreen series, ThePhilosophical Background of American Democracy, will not be ready until early fall. It is edited by CharnerM. Perry of the Department of Philosophy.The medical department of theUniversity is represented this springby Dr. Julian H. Lewis' The Biologyof the Negro, a work of importanceto anthropologists, biologists, pathologists, and practicing physicians, to bepublished May 12. It assembles critically for the first time the voluminousbut widely dispersed information onthe physical and biological characteristics of the Negro, with emphasis onhis reaction to various diseases. Dr.Lewis is associate professor of pathology at the University, attendingsenior pathologist at Provident Hospital, Chicago, and a member of theSprague Memorial Institute for Medical Research. This book is in theseries sponsored by the recently organized Committee on Publications inBiology and Medicine which willgreatly expand and strengthen theUniversity Press' output in these fields.