Period R. R.THE UNIVERSITYOFCHICAGO MAGAZINEDECEMBER 19 4 1ealL'n5-Earl Godwin, dean of the WhiteHouse Press Correspondentsand nationally known NBCcommentator on events in theCapital, says: VTo take care of the Nation's business in the emergencyThousands More of Well-Educated, Well-TrainedMen and Women Are Needed in the Civil ServiceCOLLEGE TRAINING is a prerequisite — or at least a big asset — for manyof these positions.The whole load of responsibility forlocating the best available men — andwomen — for important Federal jobs ison the U. S. Civil Service Commission.DOZENS of examinations are opencontinuously. Applicants in many casesonly have to file the proper applicationforms and name the examination they'reapplying for. The Commission has doneeverything possible to knock out delaysand red tape in getting applicants ratedand on the job, but it still looks like abusy winter ahead for the men who aretrying to fill Uncle Sam's jobs.Federal recruiting of civilian personnel goes on 24 hours a day handling applications, ratings, and certifications toGovernment personnel offices, but mygood friend President Mitchell, of theCommission, tells me they're anxious to receive one — or two — or even twenty— or thirty thousand more applicationsfor responsible Government positionsthat HAVE to be filled.In filing YOUR application you willbe directly assisting the Governmentby offering your experience and training for use in professional, scientific,or administrative work.* * *Current civil-service examinationsare listed in a bulletin, "Examinationsfor the U. S. Civil Service," which,with application forms, may be securedfrom the representative of the U. S.Civil Service Commission at any firstor second-class post office or fromthe Commission's district office in thefollowing cities: Seattle, San Francisco,Denver, St. Paul, St. Louis, New Orleans,Chicago, Cincinnati, Atlanta, Boston,New York City, Philadelphia, andWashington, D. CU . S . CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION********************This space has been given free to the Civil Service Commission hy the UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE as a publicservice and a contribution to the national defense.THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEPUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI COUNCILCHARLTON T. BECKEditor HOWARD W. MORTAssociate Editor CODY PFANSTIEHLAssistant Editor ALICE ZUCKERAssistant EditorThe Cover: Weather informationis a defense secret. Nevertheless, thispicture was taken at the Botany Pondin a snowstorm, temperature thirtydegrees, barometer falling. If youthink we're revealing anything, wearen't. The picture was taken beforewar came.How did the president, the faculty, and the students of one ofthe world's leading universities reactas we joined World War II? ThePresident's talk to the students beginson page three. On page two is a1 brief portrait of his listeners. Starting on page ten is a round-up ofevents centering about the Universityat war. Even the new paper stock onwhich you read these words is keyedto the war. Chlorine, which bleachespaper, is restricted these days.Like the rest of the nation, the faculty put aside ideological barricadesand squared off behind PresidentRoosevelt and the war effort. Thefusion was so evident that the DailyMaroon did not bother to take a poll.The students, as noted elsewhere,held no parades. One of the Maroon's gossip column writers was big-eyed, but only because her eyes werefull of atropine. "Sensational eventsare happening all over the world,"she wrote, "and I can't see any ofthem."A student of draft age wrote :"Naturally no one, and particularlynone of the men students, can feelnonchalant about the whole thing.Even if you don't get so excited aboutthe thing that you go out to bomb thenearest Jap embassy, a lot of things THIS MONTHTABLE OF CONTENTSDECEMBER, 1941PAGEThe University, Its Students, andthe War, President Robert M.Hutchins 3Note from Manila, Conrado Benitez 7Letter from England, David Daiches 8News of the Quadrangles, The University at War 10Most Difficult Business, Gordon J.Laing '. 12Chicago in Washington, Thomas J.Leonard 15News of the Classes 17Unless otherwise noted, pictures are bycourtesy of "Pulse," student news magazine.begin to look different. Your paperfor Paleography 201 doesn't seem sosignificant if you know that you mightnever live to take 202. A lot of juniorsare willing to quit school now andtake a chance in getting an office jobwith Naval Intelligence. Any number of fellows will want to get married now, so that they don't, in anycase, die a bachelor's death."But as for anyone sitting downnow and thinking out his future forthe next twenty years, no sir. Toomany fogs ahead."You will find a letter fromManila by Conrado Benitez, '11,on page seven. It becomes morepoignant each day. At press-time wehave heard nothing further fromConrado or his family, and the fateof Conrado's beloved Manila is stillin the balance.From the other side of the worldcomes a letter from Britain. DavidDaiches devotes his monthly columnto it on pages eight and nine.Alumni Dean Gordon J. Laing, in addition to being the only alumnidean, in the country, is an authorityon the difficult problems of University press publication. For thirtyyears he headed the University ofChicago Press. The first of two installments of Dean Laing's history ofthe University Press appears on pagetwelve.Thomas J. Leonard, '39, whose informal report of alumni in Washington, D. C, starts on page sixteen, iscompleting his Master's thesis onphases of Woodrow Wilson's career.He was in the Capital recently to talkwith Mrs. Wilson and to probe Congressional library stacks for material.This article is the logical result of anaffable alumnus' visit to almost anylarge city.ALUMNI DEAN LAING thismonth issued new reading listson 53 topics ranging from "Storiesfor Pre-School Children" through"Foreign Elements in the U. S.and Their Influence" to "Whathas happened in Chemistry in the LastTwenty Years". More than eightthousand of these carefully selectedreading guides on 160 subjects havebeen sent free to interested alumni.Applicants, according to the Dean, areteachers (particularly those who havebeen asked to teach classes in subjectsin which they have not specialized),persons who want to bring themselvesup-to-date on a favorite subject, hobbyists, and alumni who find themselves on boards of education or welfare committees who need backgroundand specialized information.Write Dean Laing for a full list.Published by the Alumni Council of the University of Chicago monthly, from October to June. Office of Publication, 403 Cobb Hall, 58th St. atEllis Avenue, Chicago. Annual subscription price $2.00. Single copies 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, at the PostOffice at Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. The Graduate Group, Inc., 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City, is the official advertising agency of the University of Chicago Magazine.2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHESE ARE UNIVERSITY womenof the second world war. Theywill probably graduate three yearshence in a nation whose belt isdrawn tight after three years ofwar. If they marry they will setup housekeeping under war restrictions, as many of their mothers did during the first war.Though over a hundred havejoined the stiff Red Cross first aidcourse beginning in the WinterQuarter, the majority have notyet felt war's impact. Only a fewhave seen men off for Armycamps. The war is still new, stillfar away. Though it has reacheddeep into the laboratories of theirUniversity, war has not yet strongly touched these undergraduatewomen.And these are University menof the second world war. Theyhave been told that their job isto stay in college until they arecalled. They find this increasinglyhard to do. Though they stagedno demonstration or parade whenwar was declared, these youngmen feel a growing excitement.Many will serve in the Battle ofthe Laboratories. All are preparedto go where they are needed.They do not yet hate the Japaneseor German people. But they haveaccepted their part in the struggle. Being young men, they arerestless. Some have already enlisted. Others are learning toshoot a gun in the University'sextra-curriculum Institute of Military Studies (see page 10).VOLUME XXXIV THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINE NUMBER 3DECEMBER, 1941The President to the StudentsTHE UNIVERSITY,ITS STUDENTS,AND THE WARByROBERT M. HUTCHINSNow that we are at war we must proceed towin the war as quickly and efficiently aspossible. I propose to set forth today themethods by which I think the University and its studentscan best contribute to the prompt and adequate defeatof the enemy.On June 28, 1940, a year and a half ago, the presidents of seven middle western universities met in Chicago.They represented Illinois, Indiana, Michigan State, OhioState, Purdue, Wisconsin, and Chicago. After indorsingin principle the Selective Service Act, then pending inCongress, they made the following comments on the military program of the country."1. We believe that adequate forces of well-trainedmen cannot be obtained on a voluntary basis and thatpreparedness on the scale now contemplated requires asystem of selective compulsory training and service."2. We favor the registration and classification ofall male citizens between 18 and 65 and urge that thisbe done without delay."3. We believe that every man between these agesshould be trained for national defense, the training appropriate for each individual to be determined by carefully worked out methods of classification."4. Since a system designed to put the right man inthe right place will break down if volunteering is permitted, we favor the prohibition of-volunteering and thePLAYING, SINGING, working, studying these young menand women will be better able to face the "terrific readjustment" of the next peace if they continue their education until the government calls, President Hutchins toldthem on December 19.4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMANDEL HALL WAS JAMMED, as it always iswhen the President speaks to the students. Theyoung men and women were quieter than usual.They laughed several times (once when the Presidentreferred to himself as a "retired private"), theycheered once ("promotions should be made from theranks"), and they applauded heartily when he wasthrough. In bull sessions afterward they almost unanimously approved of the talk. One thoughtful sophomore said "As long as he's around our educationalsystem has a hope of survival."recruitment of all services for national defense by conscription."5. Though the Reserve Officers' Training Corpsshould be continued as part of the academic programof the colleges and universities that have them, ordinarymilitary training should be given by the Army and Navyin their own establishments. The Student Army Training Corps of the last war should not be revived."Those were my sentiments then. They are my sentiments now. I believe in universal registration and compulsory selective training and service. I favor the immediate prohibition of volunteering and the indefinitepostponement of the Student Army Training Corps.When we go to war, we should go as a nation. Weshould be required to make the same sacrifices in thecommon cause. We should not be permitted to let themajor burden of the war fall on the rising generation.Every citizen should be put at the post for which he isbest fitted. No one should be allowed to select for himself that position which is most attractive to him. Hencethe demand for universal registration and compulsoryservice.Allow Two Years EducationI should hope that those in charge of our destinieswould be able to work out a plan whereby young menwho have actually embarked, and successfully embarked,on a program of studies would be permitted to completeit. The educational organization of the country is suchthat a student can hardly feel that he has had an education until he has finished his sophomore year in college.At that stage he has something which approximates ageneral education. I should hope that young men mightnot be called for full-time military service until they hadreached this point, which would mean that they wouldbe allowed to remain in college until they had completedthe work of the sophomore year or reached the age oftwenty, whichever was earlier. I should hope that students actually and successfully engaged in the study ofany professional discipline might be deferred until graduation. The number of these men is not large enoughto be of any military significance. Their quality is suchand the country's future dependence upon them will besuch, that far more will be lost if their studies are interrupted than will be gained by sending them into the armynow.Such suggestions for the deferment of students cannotbe put into effect unless part-time military training isrequired of all of them while they remain in college.This was provided in the last war by the Student ArmyTraining Corps. The S. A. T. C. gave enough militarytraining to destroy the curriculum, but not enough toproduce good soldiers. Thus it was bad education without being good military training. The Institute of Military Studies at the University of Chicago offers a farmore hopeful method of accomplishing the object, whichis to supply military training while the student is trying to get an education. Since the Institute is an extra-cur-riculum activity, it does not interfere with the course ofstudy. It could easily be made compulsory. By concentrating on essentials and reducing such trivialities asclose-order drill to a minimum it is able to give the basicR. O. T. C. course in half the time or less. The use nowbeing made of the institute's materials in other universities shows that its program is adapted to other conditionsthan our own. I am proposing to the War Departmentthat the University require all students of military ageto take the work of the Institute and that the Army regard that work as adequate fulfilment of the militaryduties of students. It is also possible to turn the Institute, and similar organizations at other universities intocenters at which men who are not students but who aresoon to be called for active duty may receive pre-servicemilitary training.The University is now making plans for the enlargement of the program of the Institute, so as to supply notmerely basic training, but preparation in seven specializedfields as well. These plans will be in effect with theopening of the Winter Quarter. I urge every man whois subject to call to take advantage of the opportunitieswhich the Institute offers. As a retired private I cantestify to the head start which even a little militarytraining gives a man when he enters the armed forces.Promotion From the RanksThe Institute does not lead to a commission, and perhaps it never will. I am not sure that it ever should.One of the best ways to build up the morale of a conscript army is to insist that promotions should be madefrom the ranks and that officers' training camps shouldbe open, not to college students without military experience, but to private soldiers and non-commissioned officers selected because of their military ability rather thanbecause of the educational opportunities their parentshave been able to give them. That the Army does notregard the Reserve Officers' Training Corps as a particularly helpful adjunct of our military establishment is suggested by its persistent refusal to create new units. Iwould remind you, too, that mere enrolment in the R. O.T. C. does not guarantee a commission. Though almostall students, where such units are in operation, may enterthe elementary work, only the advanced course leads toTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 5a commission, and in some institutions the number ad-piitted to the advanced course has been only about a fifth0f that in the elementary work.The country has adopted a plan of universal, compulsory, selective service. That is, all the country except the Navy has done so. One may hope that Congress will soon carry the national policy to its logical conclusion by prohibiting volunteering. It ought to be asimple matter under a compulsory system to give theNavy the men it needs when it needs them. The presentnational policy, reaffirmed by Secretary Stimson onlyyesterday, must be ineffective as long as it may be destroyed by the back door. Men cannot be told withone breath that they are to wait until the proper authorities put them where they belong and with the next thatthey should join the Navy. As the war goes on the socialpressure to volunteer will become more and more intense.The plan of universal selective service will be disruptedunless the privilege of volunteering is abolished.This is one thing we can learn from our enemies. InMein Kampf Hitler condemns in the strongest terms thevolunteering policy of Imperial Germany, which, he says,led to the loss of the flower of the country at Lang-hemarcq in November, 1914, a loss that proved irreparable, since it deprived Germany of the leadership it mightotherwise have had.Compulsory Military TrainingSince the national policy has been declared, thoughit is not yet fully effective, you may take it that the country has told you to wait until you are notified of thenecessity of your services. The country, if it has notcalled you, is telling you to stay where you are and doyour utmost to get an education. This applies to allstudents. Certain additional considerations apply tothose in the natural sciences; for the outcome of the waris likely to depend on the scientific strength of the contending parties. The war may be won in the laboratoriesof the United States; and the students in them shouldstay in them for that purpose. Meanwhile, the University is expanding its program of part-time militarytraining, and will make it compulsory if the Army requests it to do so. The University will do everything itcan to help you complete your formal education at anearlier date than you had planned. It will increase thecourse offerings in the College next summer so that sophomores can do a full quarter's work at that time. It isconsidering plans for admitting entering freshmen inFebruary and in the summer. Arrangements have beenmade in the Law School to permit students now enrolled»to do a full quarter's work in the summer.At the same time the University recognizes that financial pressure on students and their parents is likely tobecome severe as the war goes on. We are thereforemaking arrangements to expand greatly the opportunitiesfor part-time work opened this year on a limited scale atMarshall Field and Co. We "&re also investigating the THE WAR MAY BE WON in the Bartle of the Laboratories. Nearly one hundred per cent of the University'sscientific resources will soon be turned to war work.possibility of extending these arrangements to some othercorporations in the city. Our ideal is to be able to saythat no student need stay away from the University ofChicago because he has not the money to attend it.You may feel that in the advice I have given you Ihave shown a greater interest in preserving the University than in saving the country. You may allege thatmy real desire is to do business as usual to maintainenrolment, and to hold the institution together as best Ican. I can only say that I would have given you thesame advice twenty years ago, long before I had anyresponsibility for the management of a university. Whenwe entered the last war I was 18 years old. There wasat the outset no program of conscription. The Presidentcalled for volunteers. Along with hundreds of thousandsof others I volunteered, in the middle of my collegecourse. The result was that I wasted a year withoutconferring any benefits upon my country. The chaos inthe branch of the service in which I enlisted was suchthat the Government simply didn't know what to dowith my class-mates and me. We were the boys whoneeded only a box-lunch and a change of underwear,because we were going to be in France in twenty-fourhours. We spent almost an entire academic year preparing to be ambulance drivers by digging ditches anddoing squads right at Allentown, Pa. It would havebeen far better for the country if we had stayed in college and taken part-time military training until in theprogress of an orderly program the Government had putus in the places in which we could be most useful. Asit was, we were on the payroll nine months too long;and it took painful and costly experience on the Italianfront to show which of us were qualified for the dutieswhich first-line service in time of war required.The personnel and classification services of the Government are much better now than they were in the lastwar. We have not merely conscription, but conscription established and working long before our actual entrance into the war. The University, for its part, is prepared to offer far better part-time military training thanTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEanything that was available in my day. I admit to acertain partiality in favor of the University. I think itimportant, for reasons I shall indicate later, that it survive the war. But I would not prefer the interest of theUniversity to the national interest. There is no use trying to save the University if the country cannot be saved.I would advise you to go on with your education andwith part-time military training, even if I had nothingto do with the University.The faculty of the University, as well as its students.,have felt and will feel the impact of the war. Even before war was declared the scientific departments weredevoting about 40 per cent of their time and effort toresearch projects conducted at the request of and undercontract with the Government. In addition the scientificdepartments and the School of Business were carryingon, at the request of and under contract with the Government, training programs for men going into specialaspects of defense work. In the last two weeks the demands upon the University have greatly increased. Wenow. have twelve governmental training programs andtwenty-eight governmental research projects. Since weare in daily negotiation with Washington in regard tomore training programs and more research projects, wemay soon be devoting almost the whole of our attentionin scientific fields to the immediate task before us ali,the task of winning the war.This task has called many members of the facultyaway from the campus. Already sixteen of them are onleave in the Army and Navy. Fourteen of them are onleave in Washington. On Monday afternoon alone theGovernment requested leave of absence for five membersof the social science faculty. This process will continue.All we can do is to place extra burdens on the membersof the faculty who remain, in order to provide adequateinstruction for the students. We must close up the ranksand go forward, doing the best we can to maintain theexcellence of the University, and at the- same time to giveevery possible assistance to the national war effort.The members of the faculty face the same question asthe students. Shall they volunteer or shall they wait tobe called? My answer is the same. They should wait tobe called. The Government has a fairly complete knowledge of the capacities of the individual members of thisfaculty. The Government knows that any member of thestaff will gladly undertake any duties which he is qualified to perform. It is hardly in the national interest for men long and carefully trained in special fields to bewasted on duties for which they have no peculiar quali*fications. They should wait until their peculiar quali-fications are wanted. If the situation should become sodesperate that sheer manpower, without regard topeculiar qualifications, is the prime necessity of the hour,then we must all be called, and we shall all go, Ourduty now is to try to keep the torch of knowledge burning and to await the Government's call for any specialtalents that we have.I concede that here my professional bias may be mis-leading me again. I believe that education and intellectual investigation are the most important things in theworld. I would even be willing to argue that they arealmost as important as mere survival. A life not worthliving is not worth having. Education shows us the life-worth living. It helps us to lead that life. Intellectualinvestigation gives us the power to attain the ends weset before us.. This is true even in war, for, as I havesaid, scientific investigation will give us the power to winthis war. If our institutions have to be sacrificed to winthe war, then I am in favor of sacrificing them. But ifsome can be saved, then I should hope that the educational system might be one of them, for through the educational system all the rest might be born again.In time of war we have not merely the problem ofscientific strength; we have also the problem of morale.This is a problem of seeing clearly and believing deeplyin the ends we have in view. It is an educational problem. At the end of the war we shall have the problemof the peace. We cannot refuse to think about that anddo nothing but fight furiously up to the time of thearmistice, expecting to arrive at just and durable conclusions in a few months of conferences. We must beginto think about the peace now, and in thinking aboutpeace and in thinking how to get the peoples of the worldto accept a just one the educational system can play auseful role. We then have the problem of the terrificreadjustment that we and all other nations will have tomake when peace has come. This will call for all the intelligence and all the character we can muster. Fromthe universities should come the men and women whocan make a decisive contribution to- the solution of thisproblem, the most difficult, perhaps, the world has everhad to face. The responsibilities of the universities, andof educated men and women, extend far beyond the immediate crisis to those dark and unknown horizons whichconceal the shape of things to come.W omen ss GiftFOR GENERATION AFTER GENERATION women as mothers have converted potentialities info individuals by treating them not as the nobodies they were tobegin with but as the somebodies they were to be. This is woman's gift. . . .¦ — Professor Te V. Smith.NOTE FROM MANILA"Will There Be a[\jext Time for Me?"Manila, P. I., November 6, 1941I AM rushing this note for the Clipper mail that's soonleaving. Herewith my small contribution to theAlumni Fund — please send it to the proper office.I am afraid it's too late — so do with it what you thinkbest.What with rush construction on borrowed funds ofevacuation cottages and artesian wells in the provinces,and air-raid shelters in the city, — and what with expenditures for adequate supply of food for the company andextra efforts for production of food crops and swine — Ifelt Chicago would not miss the few pesos due from me.And with my sudden assignment to the National CoconutCorporation, a government entity called upon to rehabilitate the coconut by its industrialization, and the travelsall over the coconut region to push the making of sandbags from coconut fiber, and the making of charcoal from • By CONRADO BENITEZ, 'I Icoconut shell — both so essential in national defense preparation — I felt doubly justified in my indifference to thesmall pending account in Chicago. But the other day Iheard from my daughter, Helen, that she had done herbit long ago! That news acted as a tonic to my indifference. I'll try to do better next time.As I wrote these last two words a flash came to mymind, "will there be a next time for me?" From day today we live with the feeling that a volcano is about toerupt — only that the explosion is coming from the air inthe form of bombs from Japanese bombers. Our morefrequent black-outs — the flight of more airplanes in thesky, and of troop movements, and newly arrived tanks,and of big new camps and barracks — the calling of allof our reserves and their incorporation into the U. S.Army in the Far East under our own Field MarshalDouglas McArthur — all these have a way of arousing ourpatriotic impulse. But behind all these defense activities,there stands out in bold relief the significant fact thatit is the American way of dealing with the Philippinosthat made possible joint American-Philippine cooperationin this crisis.— Conrado BenitezAlumnus on the BattlefrontAs a sophomore in the spring of 1909, ConradoBenitez told his friend James Weber Linn, "WeFilipinos, sir, can all swim and argue."Conrado became captain of the water polo team,treasurer of the class of Ee-o-lev-en, and honor scholarin education.At 25 he became dean of the College of Liberal Artsat the University of Manila and editor-in-chief of theManila Herald. His convictions brought him the nickname "the Americanist." At 30 he was practicing lawin defense of Philippine constitutional interests. As oneof seven who drafted the Philippine constitution in 1934,he fought against odds and won provisions for moreeducation and more freedom.Now assistant secretary to the president of the Philippines, Conrado fights for the freedoms he helped bring tothe. Islands."Benitez," Teddy Linn recalled later, "had swumthrough to distinction, and argued through to a sort ofJeffersonian serviceability to his country."PRESIDENTIAL SECRETARY Benitez at home with Mrs.Benitez, daughter Helen, and sons Frederic and Thomas.LETT.ABOUT A YEAR ago in my monthly column for theMagazine I presented part of a letter I had received from my brother who is in the British army,and this aroused so much interest that this month I amgoing to do the same thing. I know that the American public is deluged with material of this kind, and I had notintended to do this again, but now that we are at warwith Japan (I write this on December 7) the war situation takes on a new interest, and perhaps these views of aBritish soldier are timely in the present circumstances.The letter was written just over a month ago. Hereare the more interesting parts:"I wandered into mess last night before dinner andidly scanned the letter rack, not expecting to find muchas I had received most of my post at lunch. It was quitea thrill to find your letter lying on its own and throughout dinner it gave me a pleasurable feeling of anticipation. I read it over coffee in the mess ante-room, andI'm now writing this in my quarters in a sleepy littleEnglish market-town which is, this Sunday morning,lazing in the warm autumn sunshine. Through the openwindows I can see the church (with the tallest spire inthis part of the country) and the Company SergeantMajor parading the C. of E.'s for church parade. Myroom mate is company orderly officer of the day andhere he is coming round the corner with his Sam Brownegleaming in the sun and the Sunday creases in his servicedress trousers a credit to his batman. The C. S. M.salutes. His "open order march" booms up through thewindow; the company is inspected and off they go up theroad in column of threes led by the orderly officer, looking more like a peace-time army and a collection ofcivilians in uniform, which is what they are and Isuppose always will be.Waiting to Welcome Adolph"From all this you will gather that we are in the reardoing a little resting and training before returning to ourusual job of scanning the beaches and waiting to welcome Adolf should he attempt to invade the country.In spite of Germany's preoccupation in the East ouranti-invasion strength and precautions have increased andare still increasing: we are taking no chances. [Query:Can you win a war without taking chances? D. D.]"I spent a recent leave in Oxford, which is now packed • By DAVID DAICHESwith government departments, evacuees, military personnel, conscientious objectors, Jehova's Witnesses, Jews fromHampstead, brass hats, bicycles, confidence tricksters,Polish soldiers, loose women, and God knows what. I gotquite a pang when I passed Balliol and the Union andthought of the happy days when half -sober (or shall Isay the better for drink) I used to visit you and AlanOrr, speak in the Union, and put through curious trunkcalls. The town itself is completely free of raid damage, and I don't think a bomb has dropped in the areasince the outbreak of the war."On my way to Oxford I passed through London andspent a day there. London is badly scarred — but notmutilated. The first reaction on seeing the city is oneof relief: the pictures and stories of the bombings aredefinitely worse than the damage itself. Oxford Streetand many other areas have a few teeth knocked out — butthe place is decidedly tidier than it was when I sawit at the end of last year. It's amazing how quickly people forget even the most terrible experiences and howeasily they return to normal after the tension has beenrelaxed.No Match for the English"As for conditions generally: I still find that the standard of civilian living is reasonably good. There doesn'tseem to be any general and continuous diminution ofsupply of those things we used to consume and use beforethe war, but rather sudden and puzzling shortages of oddarticles— shortages which disappear as quickly and asmysteriously as they arise, giving place to others equallysudden and mysterious. Thus the classic onion shortagehas now practically disappeared; likewise tomatoes arenow comparatively plentiful. Chocolate is still scarce —but cigarettes and tobacco are much easier to obtain thana few months ago. But there is a fantastic shortage ofmatches. The services of gentlemen who can make afire by rubbing two sticks together are at a premium.Clothes rationing (which does not affect military personnel) helps to complicate things, but the general publiclooks to me no worse dressed than at the outbreak ofthe war."Among the working classes, literary 'intelligentsia' andothers there is tremendous and genuine enthusiasm forRussia, Maisky, and the Russian officers (who receive tremendous ovations when they appear in public). Theconservative and near-reactionary elements (and thelatter still exist) fall into two groups. The first (and8THE UNIVERSITY OFlarger) says: 'We dislike Communism; we have no de-sjre to see Stalin's system in Britain — but it has achievedcertain results in Russia which are good. The Russiansare showing that under Communism the people have aninterest and a stake in their country which inspires themt0 put up the most effective resistance to Hitler that hehas yet experienced. Their struggle is ours: thereforewe shall let bygones be bygones and go all out to assistthem.' Thus the B.B.C. does not now refer to theRussians as 'co-belligerents' but always as 'our Russianallies'— likewise the Times. The second and smallergroup is suspicious, sullen and uncooperative. They stillmutter about 'the Germans and Russians wiping eachother out — and a damn good thing, too.' You will hearof this group again when the war is over and the 'Battleof the Peace' commences.Crumbs from America"The position of America and the possibility of American intervention in the war is — of course — a burningquestion here at the moment. But there has been aslight hardening of public opinion on this matter whichas far as I can see has not yet been commented on in theStates. People here are beginning to remember that atthe time of Munich the American press (or an importantsection of it) condemned Britain for its appeasementpolicy and not taking 'a stand against Hitlerism.' Nowthat that stand is being taken, it is slowly being felt thatthe U. S. A. should talk just a little less and do a littlemore. This feeling is directed not against Roosevelt orthe U. S. A. Government but rather against the generalmass of Americans. Descriptions of life in the largeAmerican cities, fashion plates from American magazines,American films showing night life on Broadway and brilliantly lit highways, tend to foster this feeling; as do alsopaternal and condescending compliments to British courage, and the 'Britain can take it' attitude. Visiting Americans admiring the ruins of Coventry Cathedral and expressing sympathy and admiration for the guts of thecommon people do not receive the applause they got twoor three months ago. The attitude seems to be: 'We arefighting Hitler in a life and death struggle; America asa great democracy approves our aims, is 'on our side'and states that it is essential for herself and for worldcivilization for us to win. Good. Then America mustco-operate in earnest: we have received tremendous helpfrom her already — planes, credits, munitions, supplies,and so forth — but so far they have been crumbs fromher table — large, fat, much-needed crumbs, but stillcrumbs. She must stop telling us, 'Britain can take it.'We know what we can take and what we are preparedto take. She must now show her professions are sincere.We do not require from her at the moment the lives ofAmerican citizens; but we expect that in producing forBritain (and so indirectly for herself) she will tighten CHICAGO MAGAZINE 9her belt in a way that will convince us she is in earnest.Thus when the production of American cars is drasticallycurtailed in favor of tanks; when vacuum cleaners andrefrigerators are displaced by planes and munitions; whenAmerican citizens curtail their luxury expenditure andthe whole machinery of American production is gearedto the machine of war, there will be greater appreciationhere of speeches by visiting American statesmen and thecharming compliments paid by their wives and prettydaughters when they go slumming in bomb-damagedareas.'"I don't say I agree with all this or that the impliedcriticisms are true or just; but it is a point of view whichI think intelligent Americans should know and appreciate."I mentioned brilliantly lit highways shown in American films. These have a curious effect on British cinemaaudiences (who haven't seen a light at night — exceptincendiary bombs — for two years). Such scenes usuallycreate a volume of whistles and cat-calls invariably ending in the concerted cry from the 'gods' of 'PUT THATLIGHT OUT!' It's quite an irrational phenomenon,directly attributable to black-out psychology."Brilliant lights at night have now for us an intoxicating quality that is difficult to appreciate in countrieswhere the black-out is unknown. Ask anyone here whattheir first act will be when peace is declared. The answeris always the same: 'Switch on every light in the house,and let them burn all night with windows and doorsopen; light as many bonfires in the streets as possible;turn every available searchlight on the land; floodlightevery public building; bathe Europe in a flood of lightfrom the Arctic to the Mediterranean.'"When in 1914 Grey said, 'The lights are going out inEurope one by one,' he would not have appreciated theintense desire Europe would have in 1941 to switch themon again."Well, it looks as though Japan's decision has mademuch of this discussion academic. But it is worth putting down, for the sake of the record; for people at warhave short memories.NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESWhen War CameThe University was set for it.A year and a half ago Vice President Filbeymet with the deans and administrative officers ofthe four divisions and six professional schools to form theUniversity Defense Council. Its purpose: to catalogueand mobilize the University's resources related to defense,to present these possibilities to the government, and tofacilitate quick action on resulting government requests.Like the University's Committee on Cancer, made up ofexperts from widely divergent fields, the Defense Councilis designed to eliminate wasteful duplications and to coordinate the work of various departments.Thus when war came again to the Quadrangles therewas no confusion. The machinery was set up. Muchof it had been running for a year or more. The Institute of Military Studies, set up five quarters before byformer University Army men, had given the elements ofa military education to 1,650 men. In Ryerson laboratory the second group of young men on scholarships fromthe Army Air Corps, Civilian Aeronautics Authority, andWeather Bureau were completing the nine-month coursein vital weather knowledge in the Institute of Meteorology. Graduates of the first unit were already workingat military and naval air fields. Laboratories in the biological and physical sciences were holding defense research projects to which faculty members were givingforty percent of their time. A score of faculty membersin the fields of science, law, business and sociology hadbeen called outright or were commuting to Washingtonin advisory capacities. The Home Study departmenthad reduced the course fee from twenty to ten dollars formen in service. One hundred men were studying problems of defense production management in the BusinessSchool on government scholarships. Courses on wartimeprice policy, food supply, and transportation have beengiven.When war came again to the Quadrangles it found asmoothly functioning machine, laboratory doors alreadylocked, and blue-prints for expansion of the machinealready drawn.The expansion came quickly. A student speed-up planwas announced by the Law School whereby the four-yearcourse may be completed in three, and the three-yearcourse in two and a half years, through a revised summer schedule. Plans were completed for a combinationwork and study six-day week for students in the Collegeto aid national defense and offset financial pressure whichmight otherwise deny education to those who need it.By the middle of December, thirty faculty members wereon leave of absence, sixteen in military service and fourteen in defense work of various government departments.Twelve government training programs and twenty-eight government research projects were under way. Morewill follow. In the sciences, as President Hutchins saysin his talk elsewhere in the Magazine, "We may soonbe devoting almost the whole of our attention to the im.mediate task of winning the war."Holiday leaves were cancelled and Saturday sessionsadded in the Institute of Meteorology. This speed-upwill deliver the fifty students to their jobs six weeks aheadof schedule, and the next fifty, three months earlier. TheUniversity is the only institution between the Atlanticand Pacific seaboards to offer this special defense trainingin meteorology.Club girls, sponsored by a new Student Defense Council, set up tables in Mandel Hall to handle the crowdsof men and women registering for courses in the Instituteof Military Studies. As a result, two hundred womenwill start a ten weeks Red Cross first aid course in IdaNoyes hall early in January. And the quota for the BasicMilitary Training course was raised to one thousand.This includes Universitv and non-University men from16 to 48 years of age.A word about this program which President Hutchinshas requested the government to make compulsory for alldraft-age students.Theory, Mud, ManeuversThere is a right and a wrong way to crawl throughbushes, to fall with a rifle and pack, to throw a handgrenade, to bandage a leg, to read a map, to bayonet aman. Next quarter approximately one thousand youngmen, unused to military life, will spend three hours aDIRECTOR ARTHUR L. H. RUBIN and student at a weeklythree hour evening session of the Basic Military course inthe Institute of Military Studies10THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 11week in the fieldhouse learning these right ways. In theBasic Mmtary Training course they will also learn elements of army organization military law, first aid, andother phases of modern warfare.The University has had no Reserve Officers TrainingCorps since 1936. The Student Army Training Corpsof the last war, according to a committee of seven Midwest university presidents, is undesirable. To fill this gapand to prepare for what they believed was coming, agroup of staff and faculty men, alumni of the 1940 Special Battalion C. M. T. C. training program at FortSheridan, in the autumn of 1940 organized the University's basic course. William J. Mather, '17, then University Bursar, was active in this group. So was Arthur L.H. Rubin, young retired business man who has made awide study of education.In April, Rubin became executive officer of the Institute. While remaining an extra-curriculum activity, theInstitute has since expanded as its importance has increased with the approach and declaration of war. Todate it is an unofficial organization as far as the Armyis concerned. It guarantees no officers' commissions forits graduates. But, according to Director Rubin, anArmy recruit with a college education and a basic knowledge of military affairs stands a better chance of becoming an officer than does a raw recruit.At the end of the course the men are trucked off tothe University's Mill Road Farm west of Lake Forest fora tactical exercise. The large barn becomes companybarracks, the small barn supply headquarters, the littletheater a recreation center, the farmhouse officers' quarters, and Mr. Lasker's former hunting lodge a mess hall.On that week-end the trainees throw flour-bag handgrenades, creep through muddy fields, and generally putto practice what they have learned in the fieldhouse.For this course each ;man pays five dollars. He receivesa khaki hat with his name on it, a text book, and theequivalent of two years ROTC training in three months— possible through elimination of hours of close-orderdrill. More than one hundred volunteers instruct themen. Several company doctors double for first aid lectures.The Institute also offers a highly successful twelve-houradvanced rifle marksmanship course headed by NormanMaclean, assistant professor of English and former forestranger. Eight per cent of his graduates have won theArmy rating of Expert.A third course is a series of critical discussions of theworks of leading militarists. Another covers military law.Seven more courses will start with the Winter quarter.They will include elements of military electrical andradio work, map making, photography, artillery andnavigation mathematics, chemical laboratory techniques,medical hygiene, and advanced rifle marksmanship. VITAL WEATHER KNOWLEDGE isbeing transferred to young men undera speeded-up schedule in the Instituteof Meteorology in Ryerson Laboratory.Student Six-Day WeekTo implement the University's ideal that no studentshall be denied an education because he has not themoney to pay for it, President Hutchins this month announced a student six-day week work-study plan. Itwill be in full effect next year, with places for threehundred students, according to present plans. It willnot, of course, supersede the present class schedule.Autumn quarter course offerings will be placed on asix-day basis so that two shifts of students may continuetheir academic work and also hold full-time jobs onthree full week days. While One shift works on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, the other shift studies.The reverse is true on alternate days. Marshall Fieldand Company now employes seventy University men andwomen on a similar basis. The number will be increased. Other firms are interested in co-operating.The program allows under-age students to fill industrial jobs, releasing draft-age manpower for war service.The greater flexibility will be helpful in the teaching offreshmen and sophomores who have had to conformto the class schedules of older students, designed to permit concentrated research periods.NotesFifteen fraternities pledged 1 76 men, six per cent morethan last year. Sigma Chi led with eighteen, Alpha DeltaPhi pledged seventeen, and Phi Delta Theta was thirdwith sixteen. . . . Awards (informal sports shields) werepresented to sixty students for participation in AutumnQuarter sports. Forty were for six-man foot ball, twelvefor soccer, and eight for cross-country.MOST DIFFICULT BUSINESS• By GORDON J. LAINGWhat Commercial PublishingHouses Cannot Do, theUniversity Press Does.(First part of Two)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS wasfounded in 1892. During* the first two years it wasa private corporation, under the directorship ofDaniel C. Heath of the Boston publishing house of D. C.Heath and Company. The printing plant was located at144 Monroe Street in the downtown district of Chicago,while the Purchase and Retail departments were in CobbHall on the University campus.This plan of organization, however, did not prove tobe satisfactory either to Mr. Heath or the Trustees of theUniversity, and it was decided to change it. The University purchased the stock and equipment of the Press,and University ownership began on July 1, 1894.Organization and AdministrationThe next six years were largely a period of experimentation, during which successive directors, with inadequate funds, struggled with those baffling problems whichmake scholarly publishing the most difficult of all formsof the publishing business. And yet, in spite of difficulties, progress was made. In the first place the printingplant, with all its equipment, was moved from its downtown quarters to the campus and established in thetemporary library and gymnasium building near the siteof the present Reynolds Club. The director's and business offices were located in Cobb Hall. During the years1893-1900 the directorship was held successively byCharles W. Chase, Hazlitt A. Cuppy, and Ned ArdenFlood.In January, 1900, Newman Miller was appointeddirector and served in that capacity for nineteen years.Under him for the first time the Press had the advantageof a continuing administration. In the third year of hisdirectorship (September, 1902) the Press moved into itspresent building on the corner of Ellis Avenue and Fifty-eighth Street.Mr. Miller died on January 8, 1919. He was the lastdirector of the Press.The years 1919 and 1920 were a period of transitionand reorganization. First of all, the Bookstore became aseparate unit of which Fred H. Tracht was appointedmanager. More than that, the action in regard to theBookstore proved to be only preliminary to a more com-This article is an abridgment of the author's Introduction to the recentlypublished volume, Tke University of Chicago Press, 1891-1941. By permission of the Press. Photo reprinted by courtesy of the Publishers'Weekly. Dean Laing's picture by Stephen Deutch. prehensive reorganization of the whole Press. Under thenew plan the office of director was discontinued, and thePublication Department and the Manufacturing Depart.ment, as previously the Bookstore, became separate unitseach under its own manager. Donald P. Bean was ap.pointed manager of the Publication Department, and A.C. McFarland of the Manufacturing Department. Thuswas instituted the plan of the three units, originated byT. E. Donnelley, chairman of the Committee of the Trustees on Press and Extension.This action of 1920, with minor amendments, remainedin force until August 13, 1931, when it was voted "tomake the business manager of the University responsibleunder the general direction of the Committee on Pressand Extension, for the management and operation ofthe Press." Since then the managers of the three departments have reported to the business manager.The number of persons employed in the Press is nowtwo hundred and twenty-one of whom seventy-five are inthe Publication Department, one hundred and five in theManufacturing Department, and forty-one in the Bookstore. A dinner is held each year in connection with theannual meeting of the University of Chicago Press Mutual Savings Association.This Association was organized in 1926 to encouragesaving among its members and now includes most of theGORDON J. LAING, for thirty years general editor ofthe pioneering University Press. Professor emeritus ofLatin, dean emeritus of the Humanities division, he is nowthe first alumni dean in the country.12THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 131il V'if1 VI \ i '4: 1 L*J0^ ^*s 1 m^ i4 /i ~^ir'¦W$ pr \j£ : i L 17 SiJ^tfe Ct^ Ljjy ^. ^t ^ 1 * r ^•^-: ilii . <r\oJ& ^P* Lm«BIRTH OF A BOOKUniversity Press problems are the most difficult of all formsof the publishing business. Here the board of strategyplans an attack. Left to right: Amos W. Bishop, headof the Manufacturing Department; Rollin D. Hemens,Acting Manager of the Publication Department; Dempster S. Passmore, Assistant Manager of the University Bookstore (Manager Fred S. Tracht was on vacation); andDonald P. Bean, Manager of the Publication Department,on leave of absence as Executive Director of the University's now permanent Citizens Board of Chicago.employees in the three departments. Shares may bebought outright or — and this is the usual method — subscribed for through deductions from weekly or monthlypay checks. Dividends are paid quarterly.This organization is only one of the indications of theco-operative spirit of the members of the Press. A splendid esprit de corps has always characterized the wholegroup, and it would be difficult to exaggerate the contribution this has made to the efficiency and accomplishments of the institution.Publication DepartmentA very small beginning was made in the publishingof books during the two years of the private ownershipof the Press. Only five volumes were issued. But progress characterized the next period (1894-1900) when onehundred and twenty-seven books and pamphlets appearedunder the imprint of the Press. Among these was oneof the most famous of Press publications, namely, Professor John Dewey's The School and Society. It wasissued in 1899, has had a very wide circulation, and isselling still. Dewey's experimental school at the University of Chicago attracted the attention of educatorsthroughout the country. Here was the new pedagogy.Chief among the books issued during the early yearsof the century were those belonging to the series knownas the "Decennial Publications," which were the out standing feature of the celebration with which the University marked the end of the first ten years of its work.They were issued in two series. The first consisted of tenquarto volumes containing articles embodying the resultsof research work in the various departments. In the second were eighteen octavo volumes, each one an importantmonograph on some problem of scholarship or science.The issue of the "Decennial Publications" proved to besomewhat costly, but, as one looks back at it, there seemsto be hardly any doubt that it redounded greatly to theprestige of the University and the Press. Both the articlesin the quarto volumes and the monographs of the secondseries were of excellent quality and attracted the attention of the scholarly world to this ten-year-old Universitywith an effectiveness that no other method of celebrationcould have approached. So far as the Press itself wasconcerned, the "Decennial Publications" were its firstgreat venture in the field of book publishing, and both incontent and in typographical format they established astandard which has influenced its whole subsequenthistory.Lack of space prevents detailed description of morethan a small number of the publications of the Press.There are, however, some series and some individualbooks of which mention should be made.Among these are the several series of the Oriental Institute. In one of these, the "Oriental Institute Publica-14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtions," fifty-eight volumes have already been published,containing scientific presentations of documents and othersource materials. Here, for example, is James H.Breasted's great edition of The Ed win Smith SurgicalPapyrus, published in facsimile and hieroglyphic transliteration with translation and commentary, and constituting a contribution not only to the study of Egyptianhieroglyphics but also to the history of medicine. In theother volumes of the series are- studies in coffin texts,seals, reliefs, inscriptions, ivories, scripts, temples, tombs,and manifold remains of the ancient culture of the NearEast.But the publications of the Institute range far beyondreports on excavations, reconstruction of antique monuments, and philological studies of fragments of ancientlanguages. Another series, the title of which is "Studiesin Ancient Oriental Civilization," is devoted to monographs on various phases of the life of the Near East.Egyptian marriage, weights and measures, the orientalorigin of Hellenistic kingship, and the monasteries of theFayyum are some of the subjects discussed. Anotherseries, "Oriental Institute Communications," is issuedespecially for the general reader and contains reports onthe activities of the Institute.Enough has been said to indicate the splendid resultsattained by the Oriental Institute in the twenty-two yearssince it began its' work. In Breasted, its founder, werecombined brilliant imagination and a gift for thoroughand systematic organization. In his program he recognized four essential steps: the excavation of the ancientsites, the care of the monuments discovered either throughhis own expeditions or long ago, the establishment of aresearch center for the study of the discoveries, and thepublication of the results.Special interest attaches to the Norman Wait HarrisMemorial Foundation. This is a fund given in 1923 tothe University, the purpose of which was "the promotionof a better understanding on the part of American citizens of the other peoples of the world." The fund isadministered by a committee of which Quincy Wright,professor of international law, is chairman, while theother members represent half-a-dozen departments. Seventeen annual institutes have been held, and the publiclectures given during them have been published by thePress.One of the oldest series is "The University of ChicagoScience Series," which was started in 1914 under the editorship of Eliakim H. Moore, John M. Coulter, andRobert A. Millikan. Its purpose was to provide a medium for the publication of scientific material that wouldappeal to both the general reader and the specialist. Thevolumes of the series occupy a middle position betweenjournal articles and lengthy treatises with highly documented contents. Preference is given to subjects of current prominence. A good example is furnished by Milli-kan's book, The Electron, the first edition of which appeared in 1917, the second in 1924, and the third [h1935. The wider range of the last is indicated by ^present title: Electrons (+ and ¦ — ), Protons, PhotonsNeutrons, and Cosmic Rays.Millikan is a Nobel prize winner. Two others who havehad the same honor have contributed to the series: A. \Michelson, who wrote Studies in Optics, and WernerHeisenberg, whose volume is entitled The Physical Prin*ciples of the Quantum Theory.Besides the various series mentioned, some of the individual works call for a word of comment. One of theseis the charming book, They Wrote on Clay, a posthumouswork by Professor Edward Chiera, edited by George G.Cameron. In it, as the subtitle indicates, the Babyloniantablets speak today. It is a striking illustration of thelight thrown on ancient oriental life through the decoding of the clay tablets found in such prodigious quantitiesin the excavations.Another is the three-volume work, Ancient EgyptianPaintings, by Nina M. Davies (artist) and Alan H.Gardiner (editor). Two folio volumes consist of 104plates copied in color from the originals, from two thousand to five thousand years old, still existing on Egyptiantemple walls and ceilings. The text volume is by Dr.Gardiner. Of high artistic merit also is the enlargededition of Bernard Berenson's Drawings of the FlorentinePainters (first published in England in 1903), in threevolumes and with more than a thousand illustrations.In literature Arthur Ryder's translation of the Pancha-tantra ("Five Books") from the Sanskrit reproduces someof the oldest and most widely known stories in the world.The version translated belongs to the end of the twelfthcentury of our era but goes back to an original that maybe thirteen or fourteen centuries earlier. The Pancha-t antra are the oldest Indian collection of beast-fables,and translated into Latin in the Middle Ages they passedinto many European literatures.In English literature is the monumental work on TheText of the Canterbury Tales, by John M. Manly andEdith Rickert. Based on a collation of the eighty-threemanuscripts known, it is a major contribution to thestudy of Chaucer and is at the same time an exemplarof methodology in text criticism. It is published in eightvolumes.In the field of the English language the first two volumes and three parts of the third volume of A Dictionaryof American English on Historical Principles have beenpublished to date. This is one of the larger enterprisesof American scholarship. It was proposed by Sir William A. Craigie, Professor of English in the Universityof Chicago, and coeditor of the Oxford English Dictionary. The purpose of the Dictionary is to demonstratethose features which distinguish the English spoken inthe United States from that in other parts of the English-speaking world.{The article will be concluded in the January Magazine)CHICAGO IN WASHINGTONInformal report, withsidelights, on youngeralumni in the war capital.In buildings guarded by helmeted soldiers, UniversityAlumni are working nights, Sundays, and overtimein the most important city in the world — Washington, D. C. There are over a thousand alumni in aridabout Washington. Many are important parts of thenation's accelerating economic and military machine.This is an informal report on a few alumni I saw ona visit to the city a few days before Japan declared waron us. Observations on the city itself creep in along theway.Remember the aluminum collection campaign? WhenMayor Fiorello LaGuardia let go of it early this year,disposal of the pots and pans fell to Leon Henderson'sOffice of Price Administration. The collection includedevery metal that patriotic people thought might bealuminum. Philip Coombs, MA '39, had the best disposal idea. As a result he was made fourth in rankwith a job in the Non-Ferrous Metals Division of theagency. Coombs sees that the metals are smeltered andreleased to manufacturers at bottom prices. Last monthhe paused long enough to be married in the WashingtonCathedral.Coombs' classmate, C. F. (Pete) Merrill, MA '41, isan example of what happens when Civil Service transfusion brings new blood to Washington bureaucracy.Merrill was whisked from a political science major at theUniversity (where he tended a Hutchinson Commonscoffee urn) to a desk in an old Washington apartmentbuilding where he scans applications for positions withthe Office of Emergency Management. The OEM coordinates all civilian defense agencies under experiencedpresidential assistant William H. McReynolds. TheOEM recently moved out of a brand-new apartmenthouse to its present older one in a dingier but morecentral section.Both the OPA and the Office of Production Management are housed in the two-story wooden buildings justbelow Capitol Hill where the first world war's temporarybuildings lingered until the 1930's. Similar structuresare springing up almost over night. In the din of construction I tried to talk with Professor Harold F. Gosnell, Ph.D. '22, one noon. He was coatless in the November sun, and beaming in competition with it. Hetrains OPM field agents who placate small businessmen. His emissaries leave the city on three trains. Thetrains are painted red, white and blue. • By THOMAS J. LEONARD, '39Another OPM man is Tucker Dean, JD '40, who isworking on legal tangles of the coal and oil industries.He drives a diminutive Crosley car which bears thesticker "Using 1/3 Less Fuel." Bernard Guttman, '40,is in the OPM's classification section.The articles in Harpers Magazine about the housingshortage as it refers to Washington are not exaggerated.You can see the Capitol from any slum in town, butit is not easy to see the other way. Clerks and stenographers hesitate to accept jobs in this city where, as inany boom town, landlord and restaurateur clear fortunesfrom raw-material producers. A real estate man toldme that redone two-room suites in vintage 1890 buildings in blighted areas go like hot cakes for $65 a month.A three and a half room unfurnished apartment in the"respectable" Northwest section is a bargain at $100,especially if you have three roommates.Important, then, is the function of the Division of Defense Housing Coordination, which has its own housingproblem. It is located in the old McLean mansion madefamous by the Hope Diamond. In what might havebeen the dining room Don Howard and Hart Perry,A.M. '40, have desks. Perry, married in August toBeatrice Gaidzik, '40, lives in Silver Springs, Maryland,just up the street from Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Merriam(Jane Jungkunz, '41). Bob also is a housing divisionworker, and so is John Womer, '35.Housing's Housing HeadacheI trust that the Hope diamond doesn't also bring badluck to the houses it has glittered in, for the Divisionneeds all the luck it can get. It deals with nine or tenother government housing agencies, including the rambunctious Federal Housing Administration, on whosestaff is Wayne Laverty, former landscape gardener of theUniversity. Defense Housing also decides between private or public construction of war workers' homes fromBangor to Bellingham. One headache is obtaining cooperation between the cities affected and local publicutilities which must extend service to the projects. Labor,contrary to the idea the headlines have been giving, is notthe only mule in the path of the war effort.The new War Department building is a brave affair,rivalled only by the Soldiers' Memorial at Indianapolis.Blue-uniformed guards step from the forest of massive,square, red marble pillars to ask you for your pass.Near this architectural wonder works William Pard-ridge. On the Quadrangles last year as a graduate student, he was correspondent for the Chicago Tribune(the paper which last fortnight changed its line whenit awakened to the Rising Sun) . He is now doing researchon air transportation. Erwin (Bud) Salk '39, AM '41,is in the same building.1516 THE UNIVERSITY OFMorale is high in Washington. Workers are buoyantand optimistic. This is to be expected, for young workers are everywhere; in one agency staff members averaged twenty-seven years of age. True, many follow theAmerican custom of running down government efficiencyand effort in conversations with outsiders. One hearscomplaints fairly often: "Whenever the President is indoubt he creates another agency," "Secretary Ickes wasonly crying 'wolf wolf on the oil 'shortage,' " and "theappointment of outsiders like Judge Rosenman of NewYork, no matter how well intentioned, to 'straightenthings out' will end in another suite of offices labeled'Bureau of Efficiency Expenses.' "However, sentiment which created the New Deal hasnot, it seems, been swept away by any wave of reaction.Several defense employees, nevertheless, mentioned theWar Department's "usual policy of tacit anti-Semitism."The policy, they said, extends to agencies which dealwith the War Department. Others observed, for instance, that Congressmen from coal mining districtsconsider the desires of the coal miners much more lightlythan they did in 1933 — a policy they do not follow withall local interests.But these are small segments of the merry-go-round.The War declarations have undoubtedly given certaintyand purpose to the humbler defense workers who weretaking it easy in November. One Bull Run, and theywill be stimulated to do wonders.Two alumni in the State Department are James Engle,'40, and Paul Amos, AM '41 who is waiting to hear theresults of the Foreign Service examinations. Engle, whoroomed and worked for his meals at the Ellis StudentCo-op, took Foreign Service examinations while he washitch-hiking through California this fall. A telegrambrought him to Washington. At the moment he is onthe verge of leaving for a consular post in South America.In one hour I met three alumni who were seeing thesights. Seng Tancharoensukh, AM '39, was intentlylistening to the Senate debates on neutrality. He wassent by the Ministry of the Interior in Thailand, wherehe is a lawyer, to learn the ways of the West, and waseagerly taking notes on parliamentary procedure. Iwonder what changes have occurred in Seng's plans sinceDecember 7th. Private Emmett Deadman, '39, up fromFort Belvoir, Maryland, and Jane Jungkunz Merriam,'41, were also in the gallery listening to Claude Pepperand other senators.Over in the Treasury Department is Leonard Felsen-thal, AM '40, who aids in canalizing the flood of exports,loans, and credits to and from the United States. Morethan one University professor is on the advisory staff ofthis and other departments while maintaining work atthe University. These men are known as "Commuters."Two teeth in the Federal Communications Commission's fine tooth comb which monitors foreign broadcastsare Louis Olom, '37, and Sebastian deGrazina, both political science majors. CHICAGO MAGAZINEMet while skating at the Uline arena: Max North,Maurice Lorr, who works at the Civil Service Commission, and his wife, Joan Alexander. Another CivilService worker is Louise Landman, '41, whose engagement was announced recently to Pierre Palmer, '40. Iate dinner with them at the home of Robert Stokley, '40,who with Palmer is learning to say "no" often and "yes"many times to departments which come to the BudgetBureau demanding increased appropriations. Mrs. Stokley was Dorothy Phillips, SSA '41.One organization that doesn't come begging to theBudget Bureau is the Library of Congress, responsibleonly to Congress. In the spectacular white marble annex(which looks larger than the Library) is Dr. Harold D.Lasswell, '22, PhD 26, an official of the William AlansonWhite Foundation for psychiatric study. At a desk inthe circular gallery of the Library's reading room you'llfind Marvin Downey, tracing the development of thepivotal House Committee on Rules for his doctor's dissertation.In the Department of Labor's Bureau of Statistics isArthur Mace, who is writing a thesis from material acquired at his job. He occasionally flies to Chicago.Donald Landay, of the Wage and Hours Division, commutes likewise between New York and Chicago. Alexander Morin, '41, (married to Emily Shield, '41) isworking in a related department.The more I talked with these workers the more I washeartened by the myriad energetic, optimistic men andwomen who have come into the government. Theywill see it through."MERRY CHRISTMAS FROM 'THE FAMILY'"Dusky Christmas cheer from the Philippines, sentby Howard M. Rich, '35, JD'37. Onetime newseditor of the Daily Maroon, cadet officer in theUniversity R.O.T.C., and member of the Councilof the University Bar Association, Rich is now firstlieutenant in the 24th Field Artillery (PhilippinesScouts) stationed at Fort Stotsenburg, Pampanga,P. I. Alumnus Rich, center, neglected to identifyothers of the "family".THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 17NEWS OF THE CLASSESIN THE SERVICEByron E. Bassham, MD '41, is_assistant surgeon in the U. S. NavafHospital in Hawaii.On November 1, John W. Bernhardt, '40, an ensign in the Navy,was assigned to a destroyer for dutyin the Atlantic.Robert Cassells, '39, is with adive bombing squadron that travelsfrom one camp to another givingdemonstrations.Nathan Cooper, AM '40, is at theMedical Training Center, Co. D, Bt.28, Camp Grant, Illinois.James T. Dale, a graduate studentat the University in 1939, is unit personnel officer at Camp Joseph T.Robinson in Arkansas.Robert B. Davis, '40, is a corporalin the 32nd Battalion at Camp Grant,Illinois.Donald J. Grubb, '25, MD '29, isa first lieutenant in the Medical Reserve Corps and is stationed at theU. S. Veterans Hospital in Alexandria, Virginia.Albert William Hilker, MD '39,a first lieutenant in the Medical Corps,is stationed at O'Reilly General Hospital in Springfield, Missouri.Allen House, '39, is at CampForrest, Tennessee.Thomas Price Jacobs, MD '40, isin the 45th Medical Battalion atCamp Polk, Louisiana.Elles B. Kohs, AM '38, is atCamp Roberts, California, in the 80thInf., Company A.Benjamin Layton, who did graduate work in 1941, is now stationed inthe 16th Training Battalion, CampWheeler, Georgia.John Richard Marron, MD '37,is stationed with the Medical Corpsstationed at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.L. K. MacClatchie, '24, MD '27,is on active duty as a lieutenant inthe Medical Corps at the U. S. NavalHospital in Washington, D. CDuncan MacIntyre, graduatestudent in 1937, is staff sergeant in the209th Coast Artillery, Camp Stewart,Georgia.Spencer B. Murray, SM '34, islocated at the Savannah Air Base inGeorgia.John Leslie Reiger, MD '36, alieutenant in the Medical Corps, isstationed at Fort Douglas, Salt Lake,Utah.Edward W. Rosenheim, '39, isstationed with the Headquarters Company at Fort Sheridan, Illinois.Maurice C. Rudens, '34, MD '37, is a first lieutenant in the 64th Medical Regiment at Camp Bowie, Brown-wood, Texas.William A. Runyan, '37, JD '39,of South Haven, Michigan, is now inthe Naval Reserve Midshipmen'sTraining School at NorthwesternUniversity.Captain Robert S. Hinds, PhB, '32,is in charge of the Post Exchange(commonly referred to as the "P.CAPT. ROBERT S. HINDS, PhB, '32X.") at the basic flying school southwest of Enid, Okla.A Chicagoan, Captain Hinds wascommissioned as a field artillery officer April 4, 1934. Called to activeduty last summer he was assigned asassistant Post Exchange officer atRandolph Field from August 20 toNovember 14 of this year. He is atax accountant in civilian life.Waldemar A. Solf, '35, JD '37, isin the office of the Post Judge Advocate at Fort Leonard Wood in Missouri.Walter Emmet Swarthout, AM'40, of Maywood, Illinois, is now acaptain in the 108th Medical Regiment at Camp Forrest, Tennessee.John Wakeman Turner, Jr., '37,is a sergeant in Company E, 46thEngs., Camp Bowie, Texas.Simon L. Walters, MD '35, is afirst lieutenant in the Medical Corpsand is stationed at Fort Sheridan'sStation Hospital. Robert S. Fouch, SM '40, is instructor in mathematics for the ArmyAir Corps, Maxwell Field, Montgomery, Alabama.Helen A. Brown, PhD, is doingresearch at Harvard University thisyear.Horton M. Laude, PhD, is nowon the staff of the Department ofAgronomy at the University of Arkansas.Walter Nudenberg, PhD, is assistant chemist in the U. S. Departmentof Agriculture, Bureau of AnimalIndustry at Beltsville, Maryland.Enez Pritchett, AM, is principalof an elementary school in Santa Barbara, California.Charles H. Quibell, PhD, hasaccepted a position in the Departmentof Botany of State Teachers College,Fresno, California.Herman Schneiderman, PhD, hasbeen placed on active duty as a secondlieutenant in the Air Corps Reserveat Bellows Field, Waimanalo, Oahu,Hawaii, where he serves as an assistantphotographic officer.1898William F. Yust is librarian atRollins College.1902Anna M. Corbett teaches Englishat East High School in Akron, Ohio.Robert Llewellyn Henry, PhD'07, who has served as judge of themixed courts of Alexandria, Egyptsince 1924, has been elected a member of the general assembly of theAlexandria mixed courts of appeal.1907"Herpetologists have recently decided that the Boa Constrictor shouldbe called Constrictor constrictor. Ihave decided that it should not. Twocan play at that game," says WillCuppy, AM '14, amidst similar scholarly discussions of the glass snake andthe three-spined stickleback in his newopus, "How To Become Extinct"(Farrar and Rinehart, $2) .1908The Herrin Hospital in Herrin,Illinois is owned and operated byFrank C. Murrah, MD Rush '10.1910Forced to retire two years ago because of ill health Fred W. Upson,PhD, is now dean and professoremeritus at the University of Nebraska.Elsie F. Weil of New York City ismanaging editor of Asia Magazine.1911Eliza C. Burkholder, whoteaches in San Francisco State Col-18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHAT HONOR ROLL AGAIN! This time it's official. John Nuveen, Jr., '18.chairman of the Alumni Association, presents the bound copy of the HonorRoll of 14,484 alumni who gave their University $510,072 at the close of theFiftieth Anniversary Celebration. Harold Swift, chairman of the University'sBoard of Trustees, witnesses the event at the annual meeting of the AlumniAssociation in the middle of December. Unbound proof sheets were presentedat the Anniversary.lege, will retire on the first of thisyear.Walter P. Comstock's son, Bill,received his commission as secondlieutenant in the Army Air Corps atMaxwell Field, Alabama, in September and Walter drove down from NewYork for the event.1912Recently retired Frank P. HixonDistinguished Service Professor ofBiochemistry, Fred C Koch, PhD,will continue his researches in thefield of endorcrines at the ArmourLaboratories in Chicago.1915Thaddeus E. Allen is back inChicago where he is directing thepublicity for the new Wesley Hospital.1917Charles C. Root, heads the Department of Education at StateTeachers College in Buffalo, NewYork.Frances A. Starm, SM '24, retired this year after spending the lastfew years teaching in the Division ofHome Economics at Michigan StateCollege in East Lansing.1918Aaron J. Brumbaugh, AM, PhD,'29, formerly dean of the College hasbeen appointed dean of students in the University succeeding DeanGeorge Works, who has resigned inorder to devote full time to work inthe Department of Education.Ruth Cowan Clouse, SM '22,PhD '33, co-author with KatharineBlunt, PhD '07, of Ultraviolet Lightand Vitamin D in Nutrition, heads theDepartment of Home Economics atIllinois Institute of Technology inChicago.John Nuveen, Jr., of Chicago,president of the Alumni Associationand a trustee of the University hasbeen named chairman of the StateBoard of Public Welfare Commissioners by Governor Green.Frederic M. Thrasher, AM, PhD'26, who is professor of education atNew York University, was recentlyelected a member of the Board of Directors of the Society for the Prevention of Crime in New York City.1919Leland B. Morgan, doing his sharefor national defense, is associated withthe Lockheed Aircraft Corporation inBurbank, California.1922Arleigh W. Jones, AM, who received his B. D. at Yale DivinitySchool this year, is teaching at Chil-occo Indian School in Chilocco, Oklahoma.Frances W. Massey, serves as Girl Reserve secretary in the SacramentoCalifornia, Y. W. C. A.1923Andrew W. Cordier, PhD '26, ofthe Manchester College History De-partment, was the principal speakerat a recent meeting of the Fort WayneAlumni Club.Robert W. Gruff, teaches mathematics in the Elizabeth, New Jerseyhigh school.1924Arthur F. Barnard retired several years ago from the University'sDepartment of Education and is living in St. Petersburg,, Florida.Clifford L. Dougherty, MDRush, has recently been appointedassistant professor of otolaryngologyat the University of Illinois MedicalSchool in Chicago.Louis J. Stirling has just openedan office in the Field Building in Chicago for the New York Stock Exchange firm of Hirsch, Lilienthan andCompany.1925Wilson H. Shorey, is UnitedStates commissioner of the southerndistrict of Iowa, Davenport division,besides being President of the ScottCounty Title Company.Mrs. Jan Tangdelius (LolitaLinn) has opened an office in Chicago in cooperation with the RockIsland Lines for the purpose of advising prospective travelers regardingvacations in the West and Southwest.Joseph A. Tuto, SM, MD Rush'29, is in charge of the pathology department at Grant Hospital in Chicago.Mrs. W. L. Garrison (Jane Wilson) is curator-in-chief of the Brooklyn Children's Museum.1926Edmund H. Bremer, AM '35, issuperintendent of Schools in Fenn-ville, Michigan.J. C. McMillan, AM, is presidentof State Normal and Industrial Schoolin Ellendale, North Dakota.W. G. Piersel, AM, is statisticianfor the Department of Public Safetyin Springfield, Illinois.Frances W. Porro, MD Rush '29,has for the past few years been incharge of the pathology departmentof the A. Barton Hepburn Hospital inOgdensberg, New York.1927Paul Watson Barrett, JD, is nowa commissioner of the Missouri Supreme Court in Jefferson City.Virginia Thornton Everett,PhD '40, is teaching English at West-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 19minster College, New Wilmington,Pennsylvania.M. Lucile Harrison, AM '33, isaSSociate professor of elementary education at Colorado State College ofEducation at Greeley, Colorado.Harry D. Leinenweber is an instructor at Joliet Junior College inJoliet, Illinois.Ruth A. Price, AM '40, teachesEnglish at Woodstock, Illinois, Community High School.1928As Director of the Nutrition Department of New York City's Presbyterian Hospital, Mrs. Arne Larsson(Nelda Ross '28) supervises theservice of food to all patients andstaff members of that institution.1929Carl Branson, PhD, has been appointed associate professor of geologyat the University of Kentucky.M. Dousse Howe, has beenelected president of the Charlotte,North Carolina chapter of the American Association of University Women.The Joint University Library atNashville, Tennessee of which A. F.Kuhlman, PhD, is director, was dedicated on December 5 and 6 with impressive ceremonies. Among those on the program in addition to DirectorKuhlman were Goodrich C. White,PhD, '27, vice president of EmoryUniversity, and Dr. Louis R. Wilson,dean of Graduate Library School.The Joint University Library represents a new movement in higher education, research and library service.It was established to eliminate unnecessary duplications, to coordinateand expand the library resources andservices of three Nashville institutionsof higher learning: George PeabodyCollege for Teachers, Scarritt Collegeand Vanderbilt University.1930Margaret H. Waters is an adjustment teacher in the Oak Park publicschools.1931One of the censors for the Canadian government is Adeline Brock,AM.1932William Kirtley Bannister isresident physician at Franklin CountySanitarium in Columbus, Ohio.Robert Beck, SM '34, of the Carter Oil Company in Mattoon, Illinois,visited the quadrangles the middle ofthis month to interview geology students who might be interested inentering the petroleum field.Corinne Fitzpatrick of Chicagowrites that she is earning her livingas a barnacle on the University hull,tutoring children from six to twenty-six.Chester S. Nielsen, PhD '41, isnow on the faculty of the University'sDepartment of Botany.Orin Tovrov is doing radio writingin New York City where he lives at52 Gramercy Park.1933Besides serving as vice president ofthe Citizens Trust Company in Atlanta, J. B. Blayton, '33, is a professor of business administration atAtlanta University.After six years in the researchdepartment of R. H. Macy and Company in New York, Roswell H.Whitman, PhD, has joined the staffof the Office of Price Administrationin Washington, D. C.1934S. Orville Baker, AM '35, is afellow in English at Harvard University this year.Vincent Paul Quinn, AM '36,heads the Art Department at IllinoisBE SURE TO LISTENTO THENBC BREAKFAST CLUB^^^^^^ ^ A , |T| ||^k _^^H H ^^Pt ^H ^k% ^^1 vy 1 1 nDon McNeillAkinAINUHis Merry Gang^k.,- ¦¦¦¦¦ America's Favorite Program on the airevery Thursday, Friday, and Saturdaymorning — 8:30 to 8:45 — forSWIFT'SPREMIUM BACONAmerica's Favorite Bacon — with the sweet smoke taste-Tune in WCFL — 100 on your dial — and join the fun20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEWesleyan University in Bloomington,Illinois.1935Besides teaching kindergarten inDuluth, Rachel H. Cummings, '35,writes children's books; her latest is"A Musical Picture Book."Rudolph Rosenberg, MD '37, ison the staff of the Illinois Departmentof Health.Donald M. Sharpe, AM, is superintendent of schools in Knoxville,Illinois.Lawrence M. Shefts, MD, isresident surgeon at Barnes Hospital inSt. Louis.1936In the cast of "Junior Miss" whichopened on Broadway on November18, is Alexander Kehoe, whosestage name is Peter Scott.William Martin Mackensen, '36,directs the Civilian Public ServiceCamp No. 3 in Maryland.James A. Meldrum, AM, is thenew principal of the Woodstock, Illinois, Junior High School.Fred A. Replogle, PhD, directsstudent personnel services at Macales-ter College, St. Paul, Minnesota, andin his spare time serves as chairmanof the Legislative Committee of the Minnesota Mental Hygiene Association.1937J. E. Lennox Black, AM, teacheschild psychology at Provincial NormalSchool in Winnipeg, Manitoba.William B. Hart, AM '39, formerly on the staff of Culver MilitaryAcademy, is now in the MilitaryIntelligence Service and is stationedat the American Embassy in BuenosAires.Marie Jameson teaches in the Milwaukee public schools.George W. Whitehead, SM '38,'PhD '41, is an instructor in mathematics at Purdue University in Lafayette, Indiana.Murray M. Wise, AM, formerlyvice principal of the PresbyterianSchool for Boys in Bogota, Colombia,is now in charge of the Panama deskin the State Department at Washington, D. C.1938Harry Bricker, AM, is director ofremedial reading at Gulf Coast Military Academy in Gulf port, Mississippi.Byron C. Hayes, AM, is assistantdirector of admissions at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.«n Gjje {JmbettSttp of C^icafioS3; : uramasiGp collcgc; ,IN THE LOOPEVENINGSLATE AFTERNOONS, SATURDAYSCollege, Professional, Business,Public Service and Statistics CoursesTwo Hours Once or Twice a WeekWinter Quarter, Jan. 5 to Mar. 21; Spring Quarter, Mar. 30 to June 20PUBLIC LECTURES'PRESENT-DAY AMERICAN PLAYS AND PLAYWRIGHTS— 5 lectures by Frank O'Hara,Jan. 13 to Feb. 10, 6:45-7:45 P. M.?AMERICAN WARS AND LITERATURE PAST AND PRESENT— 5 lectures by Walter Blair,Feb. 17 to Mar. 17, 6:45-7:45 P. M.*HUMAN HEREDITY— Why We Are What We Are (111.)— 5 lectures by H. H. Strandskov,Jan. 14 to Feb. 11, 6:45-7:45 P. M.f ARE YOU TELLING THEM?— 6 lecture-conferences by B. S. Sondel, Jan. 14 to Feb. 18,7 to 8:30 P. M.•fWAR AND PEACE: A Human Pattern Examined — 10 lecture-conferences by M. B.Singer, Jan. 15 to Mar. 19, 7:30-9 P. M.•fGOD, WAR, AND AN UNBELIEVING WORLD— 10 lecture-conferences by S. Joshi, Jan.16 to Mar. 20, 4:15-5:45 P. M. or 7-8:30 P. M.fHOW TO READ A PICTURE (111.)— 10 lecture-conferences by Lucy Driscoll, Jan. 13 toMar. 17, 11 to 12:30 P. M.f CHINESE PAINTING (111.)— 10 lecture-conferences by Lucy Driscoll, Jan. 14 to Mar. 18,11-12:30 P. M.?Single admission $.55, including tax. fNo single admission. For price of coursetickets, see Public Lecture Announcement.For detailed Public Lecture Announcement, addressUNIVERSITY COLLEGE18 South Michigan Avenue Phone: DEA. 3673 Laurel N. Jackson, AM, is super.intendent of schools in Olney SpringColorado.On September 1, Dale Noble ofCharleston, West Virginia, becamemerit system supervisor of the MeritSystem Council of West Virginia.Clark K. Sleeth, MD, is assistantprofessor of medicine at West VirginiaUniversity's School of Medicine.1939Carlos R. Garcia, PhD '41, isteaching in the Biology Departmentof the University of Puerto Rico atRio Piedras.Jerome S. Katzin, JD '41, is withthe Securities and Exchange Commission in Washington.Chemist Frank Kurtz employedby the University of Minnesota'sPhysiology Department is doing research on blood substitutes and dietC. Bruce Lyon, SM, PhD '41, isnow an assistant plant physiologist atthe U. S. Plant, Soil and NutritionLaboratory in Ithaca, New York.1940Joyce Baltzer, AM, is teaching atCommunity High School in Dakota,Illinois.Lyle C. Bryant is an economicanalyst for the Defense Housing Coordinator in Washington, D. C.Paul N. Frame is doing graduatework in government at the Universityof Oklahoma.Nicholas Helbrun, who receivedhis masters in agricultural economicsat Montana State College this year,holds a research assistantship at theUniversity of Wisconsin where he isworking on his doctorate in geography, iAlice M. LaPert teaches Englishand French at Mooseheart HighSchool in Mooseheart, Illinois.This year Edwin Glover Riley,MD, is a research fellpw at Rockefeller Institute in New York City.Last month Harris A. Sprecherwas appointed assistant to the directorof the University of Southern California's School of Government whereHIGHEST RATED IN UNITED STATESENGRAVERS'-'¦— SINCE 19 O 6 + WORK DONE BY ALL PROCESSES ++ ESTIMATES GLADLY FURNISHED 4¦¦f ANY PUBLISHER OUR REFERENCE <?' DALHEIM &CO.20SA W. LAKE ST., CHICAGO.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 21trenda literary magazinepublished at the University of Chicago presents each month theworks of students, faculty, andalumni of the (J. of C, as well asrhe works of writers at other schools,and of well-known authors.One dollar for next Twenty-five cents afive monthly issues. single copy.The Editors invite manuscripts andsubscriptions.Faculty Exchange, Box 157SUPERIOR PREPARATIONfor Stenographer, Secretary,Accountant, Court ReporterUnprecedented Demand for our GraduatesFREE Employment BureauCall, write, or phone STAte 1881THE GREGG COLLEGE6 North Michigan Avenue Chicago, IllinoisBUSINESS DIRECTORYAMBULANCE SERVICEBOYDSTON BROS.All phones OAK. 0492operatingAuthorized Ambulance Servicefor Billings HospitalUniversity Clinics, etc.PACKARD AND LASALLE EQUIPMENTAUTO LIVERYAuto LiveryLarge Limousines - $3 Per Hour5 Passenger Sedans - $2 Per HourSpecial rates for out of townEMERY-DREXEL LIVERY INC.5547 S. HARPER AVE.FAirfax 6400AUTOMOBILESFRED W. REMBOLD, INC.6130 Cottage Grove Ave.DODGE and PLYMOUTHDirect Factory DealersSales and ServiceDependable Used CarsPhone Midway 0506 he is in charge of the Civic CenterDivision.1941Kenneth R. Baldus, MBA, isteaching this year at Parsons Collegein Fairfield, Iowa.Robert Baum is now with the Seismograph Service Corporation inTulsa, Oklahoma.Mil ward Bayliss, MD, is an assistant professor of bacteriology at theUniversity of Illinois.Frances R. Bottum, PhD, is nowon the staff of the Botany Departmentat George Peabody College for Women in Nashville.SOCIAL SERVICEGrace Browning., AM '34, assistant professor of social service administration at the University, spoke forthe recently held Nebraska Conference of Social Welfare on "Holdingthe Home Front."Theodore Dombrowski, AM '40,has joined the social service staff ofthe Illinois State School for Boys inSt. Charles.Charlotte Donnell, AM '30, hasleft the State Department of PublicWelfare in Louisiana to becomesupervisor of public assistance in theOklahoma City Department of PublicWelfare.Among members of the faculty andalumni who participated in the StateConferences of Social Work held inSpringfield last month were Catherine Dunn,, AM '30, who is affiliated,with the Social Security Board, andCharlotte Towle., who was a graduate student at the University from1934 to 1936.Phyllis Dunne, AM '39, is thenew director of the Home-MakersService of the San Francisco FamilyService Agency.Lynne Fowler, AM '38, hasjoined the faculty of the Division ofSocial Administration at the University of Illinois.Mamie McClelland, AM '40,supervises home finding in the ColoredOrphan Asylum of New York City.Janet Pleak, AM '39, was recentlyappointed regional consultant in theChildren's Division of the IllinoisState Department of Public Welfare.Violet Sieder, AM '36, has beenappointed executive secretary of theBronx Council of Social Agencies.Marjorie Smith, AM '38, whotaught last year at the School of SocialWork at Pullman, Washington, hasreturned to the University to work forher doctorate and supervise Chicagostudents at the Illinois Children's'Home and Aid Society.Merton Trast, AM '34, will soonassume new duties as director of the AWNINGSPhones Oakland 0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.,INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueBOILER REPAIRINGBEST BOILER REPAIR & WELDING CO.24-HOUR SERVICELICENSED - BONDEDINSUREDQUALIFIED WELDERSHAYmarket 79171404-08 S. Western Ave., ChicagoBOOKSMEDICAL BOOKSof All PublishersThe Largest and Most Complete Stock andall New Books Received as soon as published. Come in and browse.SPEAKMAN'S(Chicago Medical Book Co.)Congress and Honore StreetsOne Block from Rush Medical CollegeCATERERJOSEPH H. BIGGSFine Catering in all its branches50 East Huron StreetTel. Sup. 0900—0901Retail Deliveries Daily and SundaysQuality and Service Since 1882CEMENT CONTRACTORST. A. REHNQUIST CO.V , 7 CONCRETE\t7 FLOORSSIDEWALKS\\ \) MACHINE FOUNDATIONSw MASTIC FLOORSv ALL PHONESVEST. 1929 Wentworth 44226639 So. Vernon Ave.CHEMICAL ENGINEERSAlbert K. Epstein, '12B. R. Harris, '21Epstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTel. Cent. 4285-622 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECOALEASTMAN COAL CO.Established 1902YARDS ALL OVER TOWNGENERAL OFFICES342 N. Oakley Blvd.Telephone Seeley 4488Wasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phones: Wentworth 8620-1-2-3-4Wesson's Coal Makes Good — or—Wesson DoesCOFFEE-TEALa Touraine Coffee Co.IMPORTERS AND ROASTERS OFLA TOURAINECOFFEE AND TEA209-13 MILWAUKEE AVE., CHICAGOat Lake and Canal Sts.Phone State 1350Breton— N*w Yftrk— Philadelphia—- SyracuseELECTRICAL CONTRACTORSWM. FECHT ELECTRIC CO.CONTRACTORS - ENGINEERSLIGHT & POWER CONSTRUCTION600W. Jackson Blvd. TelephoneSeeley 2788EMPLOYMENTCOLOREDDOMESTIC HELPFurnishedDay or NightReferences investigated.Englewood Employment Agency5530 S. State Phone-Englewood 3 1 8 1 -3 1 82Street Night-Englewood 3181Established 20 yearsENGRAVERS State Board of Charities in Delaware.Lucy Prescott Winslow, AM '39,has been appointed medical socialworker at the Massachusetts GeneralHospital in Boston.MARRIEDDagmar Hauge to Osmund H.Acre, '40, chief in medicine at theStation Hospital of McChord Field,Tacoma, Washington, on August 17.Mary Jane Anderson, '41, toWilliam C. Rogers, '40, AM '41, areporter for Chicago's City News Bureau, on August 31, in Twin Lakes,Colorado, The bridegroom writes:"We were married at the foot ofMount Elbert, highest in Colorado inwhat was perhaps the highest weddingin the country that day. High in another sense since we treated the villageand county to thirty gallons of beerand one of whiskey."Kathleen Jus ten to Robert L. Bes-toso, MD '40, house physician at theNewport Hospital in Newport, RhodeIsland, on June 7.Laura Purdum to Joseph W.Brookhart, '40, on November 7. Athome, 1203 West Wayne Street, FortWayne.Constance Harper to RobertMcVey Burke, AM '41, on September 30. At home, 1453 East 54thStreet, Chicago.Harriet M. Clemens, '31, to J.Smith of Cleveland, on September 6.At home 1793 East 89th Street, Cleveland.Mary Curtis, '40, of Evanston,Illinois, to Clifford C. Gramer, '39.Ruby Katherine McNeil to GeorgeF. Dale, '33, on December 5, in Radford, Virginia.Jane A. Lucas to Willard J. Dyk-house, '41, on March 1, in BondChapel on the quadrangles. At home,3647 East First Street, Long Beach,California.Mary Fletcher to Hubert M.Bristol, SM '39, last January 24.They are living in Marshall, Illinois.Phyllis Johnson, '35, to EugeneMcNatt, on October 18. At home,1903 Riverside Drive, Tulsa, Oklahoma.Nancy Neiswanger to WellingtonD. Jones, Jr., AM '41, on August 30.At home, 610 Washington Street,Urbana, Illinois.Anne Elizabeth Trent to John R.Kingman, '38, a lieutenant in theArmy, on November 29, in New YorkCity.Carol Wooldrik to Stephen J.Kruzich, MD '40, on July 3. Athome, 1122 North Main Street, Aberdeen, South Dakota.Lorraine Matthews, '36, to William H. Weaver, '36, on September GRAPHIC ARTSTHE SCRIPTORIUMScribes ' Illuminators • BindersC L RICKETTS JASPER S KINGIf it is said to last a lifetime or longer, sayit sincerely with well-chosen words m beautiful, imperishable designMESSAGES OF APPRECIATION, RESOLUTIONS, ILLUMINATED INSCRIPTIONS,MEMORIALS: BIRTHDAY, CHRISTMASAND GUEST BOOKS; CRESTS, COATSOF ARMS, TITLE PAGES•DIPLOMAS, CITATIONS,HONORARY DEGREES, CHARTERSValued papers and letters restoredand bound38 SOUTH DEARBORN STREETDEARBORN 0001 CHICAGOGROCERIESLEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: Hyde Park 9100-1-2DAWN FRESH FROSTED FOODSCENTRELLAFRUITS AND VEGETABLESWE DELIVERLAUNDRIESSUNSHINE LAUNDRYCOMPANYAll ServicesDry Cleaning2915 Cottage Grove Ave.Telephone Victory 51 10LETTER SERVICEPOND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHooven TypewritingMultigraphingAddressograph Service MimeographingAddressingMailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones 418 So. Market St.Harrison 8118 ChicagoLITHOGRAPHERL C. Mead '21. E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph — Offset — Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabash 8182OFFICE FURNITURE ~5TEELCASEJBixsinGSs Equipment \FILING CABINETSDESKS — LOCKERSCUPBOARDS — SHELVINGMetal Office Furniture Co*Grand Raplde, MichiganTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 23^ OPTICIANSNELSON OPTICAL CO.Dr. Nels R. Nelson, Optometrist^ PAINTERSGEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3186E. STEWART FEIGHINC.PAINTING — DECORATING5559 TelephoneCottage Grove Ave. Midway 4404RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. Monroe 3192PHOTOGRAPHERMOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF QUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago . . State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU.of C. ALUMNIPLASTERINGHOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone Dorchester 1579PRINTERSCLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3935"Good Printing of All Descriptions*' 26. At home, 4726 Greenwood Avenue, Chicago.Barbara Lewis of St. Paul to DaleV. Moen, MD '39, of Shell Lake,Wisconsin, on June 28.Catherine Pluckett, AM '41, toJohn Waltner, who did graduate workat the University in 1939, on September 19, in Fort Worth, Texas.Mary Taylor to John H. Raach,AM '35, a student at NorthwesternMedical School, on June 14.Janette E. Ross, AM '39, to A. A.Suppan, AM '36, last June. At home,1104 North Marshall Street, Milwaukee.Russell Oliver Saxirk, MD '40,of the Medical Corps, to Elthea Long-street on August 21st. Their presentaddress is McChord Field, Washington.Elizabeth Anne Adams to HowardB. Shreves, MD '39, resident surgeonat Cook County Hospital in Chicago,on May 24.Caroline E. Soutter, '40, to PaulW. Wallace on November 8, atThorndike Hilton Chapel on thequadrangles. At home, 1442 NorthSedgwick Street, Chicago.Maurine Stauffer, '33, AM '39,of Chicago, to Charles E. Brooks,Rush '41, on November 21. At home,Meridian, Mississippi.Maxine Glad of Eugene, Oregon, toWard Stewart, AM '34, chief personnel officer for the N. Y. A. Athome, 726 South Royal Avenue, Alexandria, Virginia.Eleanor Goldman of Chicago toAbel D. Swirsky, '39, on June 22.At home, 612 Patterson Ave., Chicago.Allene Tasker, '38, to John W.Lawlor, on July 12. At home, 605Providence Road, Columbia, Missouri.Mary Paul Welling, '41, to JackA. Williamson on October 4. Athome, 73 East Cedar Street,, Chicago.Ruth Wilhelms, daughter of Frederick T. Wilhelms, '12, AM '36, tothe Reverend Henry H. Clark, ofHartford, Connecticut. The weddingtook place on June 26, the twenty-sixth wedding anniversary of Mr. andMrs. Wilhelms.Patricia J. Wolfhope, '41, toDavid Wiedemann, III, '41, on September 16. At home, 6122 KimbarkAvenue, Chicago.Vinita V. Wood, '39, to L. E.Wallace, in April of this year. Athome, 8042 Ingleside Avenue, Chicago.BORNTo Mr. and Mrs- M. G. Shafer(Gertrude Herrick, AM '36), adaughter, on November 11.To Sampson Isenberg, '34, PhD'37, and Mrs. Isenberg, a daughter, RESIDENTIAL HOTELSBLACKSTONEHALLanExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748 TelephoneBlackstone Ave. Plaza 3313Verna P. Werner, DirectorRESTAURANTSThe Best Place to Eat on the South SideCOLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone Hyde Park 6324ROOFERSRUGSAshjian Bros., inc.ESTABLISHED 1921Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED8066 South Chicago Phone Regent 6000COMMERCIAL SCHOOLSINTENSIVE¦ STENOGRAPHIC COURSEfor College People OnlySuperior training for practical, personal use or profitable employment. Course gives you dictation speed of100 words a minute in 100 days. Classes beginJanuary, April. July and October. Enroll Now.Write or phone for bulletin.BRYANT & STRATTON College18 S. Michigan Ave. Chicago Tel: RAN. 1575MacCormac School ofCominerceBusiness Administration and SecretarialTrainingDAY AND EVENING CLASSESAccredited by the National Association of Accredited Commercial Schools.1170 E. 63rd St. H. P. 2130ERSITY OF CHICAGO M24 THE UNI VSCHOOL— SHORTHANDYour whole life throughShorthand will be useful to you.For more particulars call, write,or telephone.THE GREGG COLLEGE6 North Michigan Avenue, ChicagoState 1881SHEET METAL WORKSECONOMY SHEET METAL WORKS•Galvanized Iron and Copper CornicesSkylights, Gutters, Down SpoutsTile, Slate and Asbestos Roofing1927 MELROSE STREETBuckingham 1893STOCKS— BONDS— COMMODITIESP. H. Davis, 'II. H. 1. Markham, "Ex. '06R. W Davis, '16. F. B. Evans, •IIPaul H. Davis & Co ¦MembersNew York StoclChicago StockChicago Board ExchangeExchangeof Trade10 So. La Salle St. Franklin B622TEACHERS' AGENCIESAMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. JACKSON BOULEVARDCHICAGOA Bureau of Placement which limits itswork to the university and college field.It is affliated with the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.Albert Teachers1 Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoEstablished 1885. Placement Bureau formen and women in all kinds of teachingpositions. Large and alert College andState Teachers' College departments forDoctors and Masters; forty per cent of ourbusiness. Critic and Grade Supervisors forNormal Schools placed every year in largenumbers; excellent opportunities. Specialteachers of Home Economics, Business Administration, Music, and Art, secure finepositions through us every year. PrivateSchools in all parts of the country amongour best patrons; good salaries. Well prepared High School teachers wanted for cityand suburban High Schools. Special manager handles Grade and Critic work. Sendfor folder today.CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency57th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One FeeCHICAGO, MINNEAPOLISKANSAS CITY, MO. SPOKANENEWYORK Judith Harriet, on November 23, inChicago.To Donald K. Marshall, '35,PhD '39, and Mrs. Marshall (Margaret Washburne, 535), a daughter,.Meredith, on July 8, in Chicago.To Dr. and Mrs. Robert G. Angle(Grace Maymon, AM '34) , a daughter, Martha Lee, on November 3.To C. R. Morris, '26, who teachesat Milton Academy in Milton, Massachusetts, and Mrs. Morris, a daughter,Christina, on June 19, in Boston.To Leo C/ Rosten, '30, PhD '31,and Mrs- Rosten (Priscilla A. Mead'33), a daughter, Madeline, in LosAngeles.To John Van de Water '39, JD'41, and Mrs. Van de Water (HappyDoll, '37), a daughter, EleanorCovert, on November 20, in Chicago.To Paul D. Voth, SM '30, PhD'33, of the University's Botany Department, and Mrs. Voth, a daughter,Pamela Kathy, on November 20, inChicago.To C. Taylor Whittier, '36, AM'38, and Mrs. Whittier (Sara JaneLeckrone, '34), a son, Charles Taylor, Jr., on November 29, in CedarFalls, Iowa, where Mr. Whittierteaches at Iowa State Teachers College.DIEDClarence B. Blethen, '04, publisher of the Seattle Times and acolonel in the U. S. Army, on October30, in Seattle.Ernest C. Day, '31, MD Rush, '35,a captain in the 108th Medical Regiment, on July 20, in an automobileaccident at Camp Forrest, Tennessee.Joseph Eaton, '17, on October 31,in Ault, Colorado.Lillian M. Elliott, '12, on June20, in Booneville, Mississippi.Charles T. Goodsell, AM '24,head of the History Department andformerly acting president of Kalamazoo College, on November 26, in theCollege Chapel.Otto Heller, PhD '00, on July 29,in Bellaire, Michigan.Allen G. Hoyt, '99, formerly vicepresident of the City Bank FarmersTrust Company and the NationalCity Bank of New York, on November4, in New York City.Robert Hutchinson, '76, on June8, in Capron, Illinois.Ernest Everett Just, PhD '16,inf§rnationally known scientist andhead of Howard University's Department of Zoology, on October 27, inWashington, D. C.Phillip Henry Kaus, '27, in ParkRidge, Illinois, on May 21.William Newton Logan^ professor emeritus of economic geologyat Indiana University, on August 27. AGAZINETEACHERS' AGENCIESHUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY25 E. JACKSON BLVD.Telephone Harrison 7793Chicago, III.Member National Associationof Teachers AgenciesGenerally recognized as one of the leading TeachersAgencies of the United States.UNDERTAKERSBOYDSTON BROS., INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29-31 Cottage Grove Ave.All Phones OAKland 0492 UNIFORMSTailored Uniforms Made to MeasureWomen Doctors and Nurses, Stock sizeInterne SuitsANEDA McSWEENY1910 So. 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