THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINE^librariesGift of fresident?g OfficeTHE ALUMNI COUNCIL UlOFTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO il4I,Chairman, JOHN NUVEEN, JR., '19Secretary and Editor, CHARLTON T. BECK, '04 j $The Council for 1939-40 is composed of the following delegates:From the College Association: Josephine T. Allin, '99; Arthur C. Cody, '24; Charles C.Greene, '19, JD'21; Olive Greensfelder, '16; Huntington Henry, '06; Frances HendersonHiggins, '20; J. Kenneth Laird, '25; Frank J. Madden, '20, JD'22; Herbert I. Markham,'05; Robert T. McKinley, '29, JD'32; Frank McNair, '03; Helen Norris, '07; John Nuveen,Jr., '19; Keith I. Parsons, '33; JD'37; Elizabeth Sayler, '35 ; Katherne Slaught, '09; Clifton Utley, '26; Helen Wells, '24.From the Doctors of Philiosophy Association : Charles H. Behre, '18, PhD'25; Rollin T.Chamberlin, '03, PhD'07; Leon P. Smith, AM'28, PhD'30.From the Divinity Association: Charles L. Calkins, AM'22; Laird T. Hites, AM'16, DB'17?PhD'25; Sylvester Jones, DB'07.From the Law School Association: Charles F. McElroy, AM'06, JD'15; Charles P. Schwartz,'08, JD'09; Horace A. Young, JD'24.From the Education Association: Harold A. Anderson, '24, AM'26; Paul M. Cook, AM'27;Robert C. Woellner, AM'24.From the School of Business Association: George W. Benjamin, '35; Louise Forsyth, '20;Neil F. Sammons, '17.From the School of Social Service Administration Association: Anna Sexton Mitchell,AM'30; Marie Walker Reese, '34, AM'36; Marion Schaffner, '11.From the Rush Medical College Association: C. J. Lundy, '24, MD'27; William A. Thomas,'12, MD'16; R. W. Watkins, MD'25.From the Association of the School of Medicine in the Division of the BiologicalSciences: W. Carter Goodpasture, MD'37; John Van Prohaska, '28, MD'34; B. G. SaTnat,'33, MD'37.From the Chicago Alumnae Club: Mrs. Jasper S. King, '18; Catharine Rawson, '25; Mrs.George Simpson, '18.From the Chicago Alumni Club: John J. Schommer, '09; Wrisley B. Oleson, '18; John William Chapman, '15, JD'17.From the University: John F. Moulds, '07.Alumni Associations Repreented in the Alumni CouncilThe College Alumni Association: President, John Nuveen, Jr., '19; Secretary, Charlton T.Beck, '04, University of Chicago.Doctors of Philosophy Association : P resident, Charles H. Behre, '18, PhD'25; Secretary, LeonP. Smith, AM'28, PhD'30, University of Chicago.Divinity School Association: President, William F. Rothenberger, DB'07; Secretary, CharlesT. Holman, DB'16, University of Chicago.Law School Association: President, Horace A. Young, JD'24; Secretary, Charles F. McElroy, AM'06, JD'15, 29 S. LaSalle Street, Chicago.School of Education Association: President, Aaron J. Brumbaugh, PhD'29; Secretary, Le-nore John, AM'27, 6009 Kimbark Avenue, Chicago.School of Business Association: President, George Benjamin, '25; Secretary, Shirley Davidson, '25, 8232 South Sangamon treet, Chicago.Rush Medical College Association: President, Frederick B. Moorehead, MD'06; Secretary, CarlO. Rinder, '11. MD'13, 122 S. Michigan Avenue, Chicago.School of Social Service Administration Association: President, Roger Cumming, AM'26;Secretary, Alice Voiland, AM'36, 5654 Kenwood Avenue, Chicago.Association of the Medical School of the Division of Biological Sciences: President, AlfT. Haerem, MD'37; Secretary, Ansgar K. Rodholm, MD'38, University of Chicago.All communications should be sent to the Secretary of the proper Association or to the Alumni Council,Faculty Exchange, University of Chicago. The dues for membership in any one of the Associations namedabove, including subscription to The University of Chicago Magazine, are $2.00 per year. A holderof more Degrees from the University of Chicago may be a member of more than one Association; in suchinstances the dues are divided and shared equally bythe Association involved.THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEPUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI COUNCILREUBEN FRODIN, '33Associate EditorCHARLTON T. BECK, '04Editor and Business ManagerWILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20, JD '22; DON MORRIS, '36; RALPH W. NICHOLSON, '36Contributing EditorsN THIS ISSUETHE COVER: A camera portrait of Frederic Woodward byKay Carrington. Mr. Woodward has relinquished his duties asVice-President and on October 1 became director of the 50th Anniversary Celebration (see page 5).During the next two years theMagazine will print a number of articles on the progress of the University during its first half century ofgrowth. These articles will not follow a definite pattern, but will seekto interpret for our readers variousphases of University activity withwhich they may not be familiar, orwhich they may have forgottenabout. Next month the role of thesocial sciences in a university will beconsidered. In an early issue of theMagazine there will be a survey ofthe humanities, telling the storywhich gives the lie to the notionswhich Howard Mumford Jones expresses in our letter column.It is very difficult to say anythingmore about James Weber Linn than :"Teddy was one grand guy.""Teddy" was so much; he was soversatile, that no single article coulddo justice to his memory. Teacher,prophet, friend and politician. Writerand student of human nature. Suchwas Linn. This month we print twoarticles about "Teddy," one by FrankBreckinridge, '19, and the other byGeorge Morgenstern, '29, the latter reprinted with permission from thedefunct Herald and Examiner.Miss Buxbaum's little bit aboutGermany of 1914 is much like amyth. Next month the Magazine'swar experts will try to pull togethersome of the unbelievable facts aboutthe present mess in Europe. Meanwhile, read Mrs. Stutz's article onhow democracy can do somethingconstructive. Her theme is old, butit bears frequent repetition.TABLE OF CONTENTSOCTOBER, 1939PageLetters 2Books . 3Quinquagenary, Howard P. Hudson. 5The Alumni and the 50th, Ralph W.Nicholson 7James Weber Linn, Frank P. Breckinridge 8Mr. Linn and Mr. Aldis' Shirt,George Morgenstern 10Scientific Research, Harold G.Moulton 11This Was Germany, Katherine Bux-baum 13Chaucer on the Air 14Training Soldiers' for Democracy,Gertrude G. Stutz 17News of the Quadrangles, WilliamV. Morgenstern 19Athletics, Don Morris 23News of the Classes 27 The episode about Chaucer from"The Human Adventure" was perhaps the best on the University'ssummer radio show. While some ofthe programs sagged or were too"hopped up," the experiment was aninteresting one. Much thought needstill be given to the presentation ofeducational material on the air.Incidentally, among the materialwhich we hope to print in the Magazine this year is Professor JohnManly's own story of the Chaucerresearch work — one of the most important pieces of work done in humane letters in America in the lasttwenty years, Mr. Jones notwithstanding.Taking as his theme PresidentHutchins' observation that the mostcharacteristic feature of present daylife is its confused thought, HaroldGlenn Moulton, president of thefamed Brookings Institution, discusses the role of scientific researchin our society.An article on the University's fineart reference library, scheduled forthis month, has been postponed untilan early issue.As noted in the July Alumni Bulletin, stories and pictures of any University life over the years will bewelcomed. Announcement of the1939-40 manuscript contest will bemade in November.m Published by the Alumni Council of the University of Chicago monthly, from October to June. Office of Publication, 403 Cobb Hall, 58th St. atEllis Avenue, Chicago. Annual subscription price <$£.00. Single copies 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, at the PostOffice at Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3W, 1879. The Graduate Group, Inc., 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City, is the official advertising agency of the University of Chicago Magazme.2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELETTERSWE ASKED FOR ITTo the Editor :Quoting you : "Reminiscences and experiences on the campus will be wel-come."You have asked for it.Can you take it?Born in 1881 means that few of usare still alive who remember that famous day and year when WilliamRainey threw open the first door.Along about '97 some of us, loadeddown with entrance conditions to beworked off at the ratio of two earnedmajors each, crashed Dean Frank Miller's formidable gate and moved intoSnell Hall as undergraduates; Dr.Harper's articulate notion of the lowestform of life.Adolescent philosophy was differentthen from now, taking in uncomplaining stride circumstance, without pomp,that would now arouse an incensed student body to liquidate any authoritiesthat showed such scant regard for theirpampered comforts.Snell Hall still tops my subsequentfamiliarity with drab barracks and thesmells of the stuff the bug eradicatorspoured into the cracks are still in mynose.Football training quarters were onthe fourth floor and what a gang oftough gorillas were of that crew whenfive yards gained a first down by massedpower. The "Old Man/' bless his grandsoul, administered discipline withoutfear or favor and taught the boys football that was hard to stop.Mrs. Ingham's "Shanty" was thecapital investment on the N.E. cornerof 57th Street. A lot of us ate thereand grabbed a swell breakfast on therun to an "eight o'clock" for 15c.Jimmie Twohig was one of Mrs. Ingham's customers and it was worth a lotto eat where Jimmie was a regular customer. His brogue continued unap-proached through all the years. Whata care-taker !The Midway was a mud wallow andold excavations were partly filled withthe brick bats of demolished buildingsof the World's Columbian Exposition.Often there weren't enough men "outfor football" to make two teams andthe frail lightweights were thrown tothe lions on the regular lineup. Neophytes, sprawling nose first, trying totag Clarence Hirschberger in an openfield, rise in my mind and I still seeGordon Clark on his knees holding theball while Hirsch kicked a three-point goal from between Gordon's bruisedhands. Thus the place-kick was born.After 1 :00 A.M., so they told me, thecable cars from down-town stopped at39th Street and the owl car took overbehind two dreary horses and movedsouth on the hour thereafter, alternatelyvia 55th and 60th.The day after Amos Alonzo, Jr. wasborn, the "Old Man" took me over tothe house to see the baby; high compliment, that, for any man.Don't seem to recall many academicdetails except worry lest there be aflunk notice on the picture rack thathung in Cobb Hall; thus, every quarter, were the delinquent humiliated before the world; perhaps even worsethan that was the fear of being calledon in class by Moore in "Horace" orby Howland in "French," any "French."Remember, in passing, the knit mitsLarry Laughlin wore ? Met him in afteryears and he was wonderfully humanand had never known that he personified unapproachable frigidity to the undergraduate. Freddy Starr didn't likeponderous faculty atmosphere and askedthe girls in a Walker class the difference between the matron with ear ringsand her primitive sister whose sense offeminine decoration prompted her towear a bone through her nose.They used to tell me there were in-formals over at Rosalie Hall and I doremember taking gals to proms and tofraternity dances at the Chicago BeachHotel when the waves of Lake Michigan rolled against the east porch.Jimmie Trainor, at his place over onLake Avenue, used to serve a fine freelunch, but you wouldn't know anythingabout that; at the Greek's, next door,at midnight you could get a small steakwith potatoes, stewed tomatoes, coffeeand bread for 15c; a cut of pie was 5cextra.There were a lot of lovely girls inresidence but I didn't rate very high. I 'never could think of anything to talkabout to the most beautiful girls. Iwould feel much easier now because Imight say, "Hi Gram."I dusted off some of this old stuff awhile ago when a son of mine earneda PH. B. I was mighty proud of that.I guess they're worth having — not quitesure.I've been proud of the old place sincebefore '97 and that's a hell of a longstretch out of any man's life.M. H. Pettit, '01.Bostonia, Calif.MR. JONES REPORTSTo the Editor :Some days ago I received a circularsent to all Chicago alumni, announcingthe fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the University and asking for suggestions about the University programof the future. A day or two later Ireceived a pamphlet entitled "The Stateof the University," a report to thealumni and friends by President Hutchins. I have read this report with agood deal of interest, for the reasonthat it seems to be exclusively concerned with the sciences and the socialsciences. The gifts so glamorously announced are all in this direction. Thenew developments are all in this line.Of the three new appointments stressedone is that of President Benes, one is thatof the dean of the divinity school, and oneis that of the dean of the law school. Thisseems to me a pretty poor showing inthe line of humane education, admirableas it may be for law and divinity andmedicine and science and the socialsciences.I should like to offer the suggestionthat the University ought to do something in the line of the humanities overand beyond the announcement of aThomistic philosophy of learning.Yours very truly,Howard Mumford Jones, AM' 15.Cambridge, Mass.[If Mr. Jones had taken the trouble torefer back to President Hutchins' lastannual report to the alumni, he wouldhave noted that seven of eleven topsideappointments were in "the line of thehumanities." These included suchmen as Borgese, Carnap, Cohen, Rippyand von Wrartburg.Mr. Hutchins, of course, has not announced a "Thomistic philosophy oflearning." Even if he had, Mr. Jonesis wise enough in the ways of universities to know that the educational content of courses is in the hands of thefaculty. And, as that Brooklyn educator, H. David Gideonse, has pointedout in a recent nation-wide radio address, "Even college presidents have aright to academic freedom." — Ed.]THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 3BOOKSChildren of God. By Vardis Fisher,AM'22, PhD'25. New York: Harperand Bros., 1939. $3.00.For about a hundred years Americanshave been writing such pathetically badplays, novels and short stories about theMormons that one was beginning todoubt whether a decent imaginativework about these most interestingpeople could be written. Vardis Fisher'sChildren of God, the Harper PrizeNovel for 1939, has dispelled that doubt.An unusually large number of laudatoryreviews indicate that Mr. Fisher hassucceeded where so many have failed.The peculiar fascination of the storyof the Mormons lies in the picturesqueand melodramatic aspects of its development. For in its general outline, itfollows a pattern common to almost alldissenting sects. For example, the storyof the Puritans in New England is almost identical with that of the Mormons in Utah. In each case a people,following a prophet who saw a purervision of the true faith, decided to establish a "Kingdom of God in the Wilderness." In each case a separation wasmade from the homeland, and amidstgreat hardships, the "Kingdom," atheocracy, was successfully established.And essentially the same fate befell thePuritans and the Mormons. First theSaints became financially successful intheir new Kingdom, and then theirWilderness did not remain a Wilderness. The Gentile moved in on them ;soon compromises with the Gentile werebeing made, and finally the "particularfaith" became less and less distinct until it was practically impossible to tellthe saint from the Gentile. Of course,a few Puritan and a few Mormon die-hards objected to the change, and somefew attempted to move on to establishGod's Kingdom anew. But a great majority, possibly because of a cooling ofthe faith, possibly because there was noleader to direct a protest, but principally because they were very much atease in Zion and wished to remain so,bowed to the inevitable as gracefullyas they could.The details of Mormon history, fromJoseph Smith's vision of the GoldenPlates to President Woodruff's "adjustment," are so fantastic and violent,however, as to make the history of thePuritans seem tame. The Mormons'treks to Utah make the Puritans' voyages to New England seem like pleasure jaunts. The Puritans' savage at- VARDIS FISHERtacks on their enemies lacked the melodramatic appeal of a raid by the Destroying Angels. The very language ofthe Mormon had a picturesque violencewhich outdid the Puritan at somethinghe was rather expert at. As for leaders : Joseph Smith may not have hadthe intellect of John Calvin, but howsuperior he was in "human interest" ;Brigham Young, in addition to beinga better statesman and a braver man,was more picturesque than all the Mathers put together. It was in the matter of doctrine, however, that the original Church of the Latter Day Saintsfar outshone that of Calvin. What didCalvinism have to compare with thedoctrine of Blood Atonement and ofCelestial Marriage?Mr. Fisher, rather naturally, uses thisdoctrine of plural marriage as the unifying element of his novel. In the earlypart of the novel he shows the traits ofJoseph Smith's character and the circumstances of his life which led, almostinevitably, to the promulgation of thedoctrine. He successfully depicts thehorror with which the doctrine was firstreceived, and makes plausible the greatvariety of reasons which led Young,Kimball and the others gradually toaccept it. It was the practice of pluralmarriage, of course, which so completely separated the Mormons from therest of the people of the country, andallowed their enemies to persecute themwith such sanctimoniousness. And itwas over this practice that the Mormonswaged their losing war with the UnitedStates.Most readers will find the section ofthe book dealing with Brigham Youngthe most interesting, not only becauseof Young himself, but because under him the Mormons were at their best.To me, however, the story of JosephSmith's emergence as a prophet andthe account of his early followers seemsthe most interesting part. Here, dealingwith a less obvious and more complexman than Young, and with more difficult materials, Mr. Fisher shows hisabilities at their best.Few readers will find the last sectionof the novel, picturing as it does theMormons' losing struggle to keep theirinstitution of plural marriage, as absorbing as the first sections. No peopleis as interesting in conforming as it isin rebelling. A less honest author thanMr. Fisher would have ended the novelwith Brigham Young's death. But whileMr. Fisher must have realized the difficulties in presenting this last section,he also knew that the story of the Mormons was not logically ended until theyhad conformed to the laws of the country they had so unsuccessfully tried toflee. It seems to me, however, that theauthor has not made the best of thisadmittedly unpromising material. It wasa grave error to focus attention on theMcBride family, who, refusing to conform, give up their homes, and againstart off to found the "Kingdom." Forafter all, Children of God is the storyof the Mormon people as a whole andeven in their less heroic moments itshould remain theirs. Perhaps more emphasis on President Woodruff and agreater understanding of his position,along with less emphasis on the Mc-Brides, would have given the novel thenecessary unity.Every reader of Children of God will,of course, find minor faults in it. Forexample, I wish that in his effort tomake the dialogue seem colloquial, theauthor had not made the characters useslang which came into being long aftertheir day, and that he had not madethem quite so profane. There is, moreover, an overuse of adjectives, and anunderscoring of material which needswriting down rather than emphasis.And I wish Mr. Fisher had given theMormons a few decent and intelligentenemies. It is implausible that all oftheir enemies should have been stupid,venial, and cowardly.In spite of the weakness of its lastsection, Children of God takes a highplace in any list of American historicalnovels. The man familiar with the history of the Mormons, although he maydisagree with some details of the novel,will approve of it on the whole becauseof its essential truth to fact. Novel readers generally will enjoy it because Mr.Fisher has presented with great gustomaterial which in itself is peculiarlyfascinating.Napier Wilt, AM'21, PhD'23.William Rainey Harper1891 — 1906 Harry Pratt Judson1907—1923Robert Maynard Hutchins929-VOLUME XXXII THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINE NUMBER IOCTOBER, 1939QUINQUAGENARY;Chicago Plans for Its Fiftieth AnniversaryALUMNI and friends of the University were surprised last spring when they learned of the impending retirement of Frederic Woodward asVice-President of the University. Few realized that theenergetic administrator who had served as Professor ofLaw, Acting-President and Vice-President, was reaching the retiring age of 65.At the end of the autumn recess, deeply tanned andmore vigorous than ever despite a close call from pneumonia last winter, "Fritz" Woodward left his office inHarper Library with Emeritus added to his title. Butthe University was reluctant to part with his services.And so the following Monday morning found him entrenched in Goodspeed Hall (remodelled last year forthe Art Department) commencing work as Director ofthe Fiftieth Anniversary to be observed in 1941.While no one, including Director Woodward, couldforecast the exact form that such a celebration wouldtake, there was no concern about its quality. For manyyears the University has relieved itself of difficult problems by referring them to Woodward. And wheneveran ambassador, visiting scholar or a prospective donorhas to be entertained, Woodward is the man to greethim with the correct measure of dignity and cordialityand to send him away with a good impression of theUniversity.It is one of the ironies of "Fritz" Woodward's careeras a top-notch trouble shooter that he has consistentlystruggled against his manifest administrative talents.His first love is the law, in which he is a recognizedscholar. Law students still refer to and quote Woodward on The Law oj Quasi-Contracts.Three years of practice in New York following hislaw degree from Cornell in 1894 found him Professorof Law at Dickinson College. In 1902 he was called toNorthwestern where for five years he was a member ofits law faculty and at the same time Managing Editorof the Illinois Law Review. In 1908 he went to LelandStanford University where he shortly became Dean ofthe Law School. He relinquished these administrativeduties in 1916 to come to Chicago's Law. School. Butin 1926 President Max Mason interrupted his scholarlycareer once more by persuading him to be Vice-President and Dean of the Faculties. And Mason's resignation raised him to Acting-President for more than a • By HOWARD P. HUDSON, '35year during which time he conducted the Universitywith great distinction, enabling it to function normallyin a difficult period and to continue its expansion program.In 1931 he was given leave of absence from the University in order. to serve as Vice-Chairman of the Laymen's Foreign Missions Inquiry Commission, whichmade an objective study of Protestant Missions in India, Burma, China, and Japan. Mr. Woodward's special interest was in the Christian colleges in those countries and he had the opportunity to become well acquainted with many of the leading statesmen and scholars of the Orient, an experience which he regards asone of the most interesting and valuable of his life.Typical of his sincere modesty is his protest that hecan't make a speech. And yet Acting- President Woodward gave an address at the dedication service of theUniversity Chapel which so impressed John D. Rockefeller, Jr., that Mr. Rockefeller had the address printedin pamphlet form, so that it might be available for freedistribution to visitors to the chapel. An invitation torepresent the University and to "say a few words" isoften accepted on a minute's notice and audiences aredelighted with his remarks. On the lighter side hisimitation of the trumpeting oratory of a political candidate is a classic of burlesque.Much of Woodward's success as an administrator isdue to his judicial temperament and his orderliness. Heand President Hutchins (a grammarian in his ownright) argue frequently on proper word usage. His fairness and tact have won him the respect of the faculties,the Board of Trustees and friends of the University. Inhis office he is decisive and crisp, inclined to brusque-riess (although not hot temper) when things go wrong.Away from office cares he has a busy social life. Heand his wife (the former Harriet Walton Freund) havemany friends on the north and south sides and dine outand entertain a great deal. They are faithful patronsof the cultural life of the city. At dinner parties "Fritz"Woodward unbends, tells amusing stories. To dramatize one of his best ones about Dr. William Beebe looking for a goldfish in the snow, Woodward descends tothe floor on hands and knees. Students like him, featured him in a Mirror skit "Fritz in the Orient" uponhis return from the Far East. To Sports Editor Lloyd56 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELewis, he is known as the baseball authority of thesouth side."Fritz" Woodward's passion for definite plans and anorderly approach to problems will be tested in his newposition. Already the prospect of foreign participationin the celebration seems dim. The rapid pace of worldevents will likely create more problems.One decision, the date of the celebration, is simple.Informed alumni who have thought that their alma mater was founded in 1892 may be surprised at the dateof 1941. But those familiar with the early history ofthe University will know that the founding fathers arbitrarily determined the young child's birthday at the timeof the Fifth Anniversary. Strange as it seems, the University might have celebrated any one of four dates.The original Board of Trustees first met and organized'for business July 9, 1890. The charter of the institutionis dated September 10, 1890. The University openedits doors to students October 1, 1892. And the firstorganization of the faculties was marked by Dr. WilliamRainey Harper's assumption of the duties of the presidency, July 1, 1891. This last date was the one celebrated at the Fifth in 1896 and subsequent celebrationshave observed this precedent.Busy alumni, therefore, can mark on their social calendars now the dates of September 26, 27, 28, and 29,1941, as the formal observance of the Fiftieth Anniversary. The period beginning October 1, 1940, hasbeen designated as the Anniversary Year. During thistime various learned and scientific societies will be askedto meet at Chicago and special exhibits will be arrangedfor visitors. It is anticipated that cooperation will beobtained from the Art Institute, the Field Museum, theMuseum of Science and Industry and the Chicago Historical Society.Mr. Woodward will report to a special meeting ofthe Board of Trustees consisting of Laird Bell, JD'07,(Chairman) ; Paul S. Russell, '16, (Vice-Chairman) ;W. McCormick Blair, James H. Douglas, Jr., and Clarence B. Randall. As an Advisory Committee he hasnamed Donald P. Bean, '17, Manager, the UniversityPress; Charlton T. Becjc, '04, Secretary of the AlumniCouncil; Arthur H. Compton, Charles H. Swift Distinguished Service Professor of Physics; William B.Harrell, AM'25, Business Manager; William V. Morgenstern, '20, JD'22, Director of Press Relations; JohnF. Moulds, '07, Secretary to the Board of Trustees ; William F. Ogburn, Sewell L. Avery Distinguished ServiceProfessor of Sociology; Henry W. Prescott, Professorof Classical Philology; William H. Taliaferro, Dean ofthe Biological Sciences, and George A. Works, Dean ofStudents.Those who have not participated in an academic celebration often inquire as to the nature of the program.Dr. David Allan Robertson, '02 (President of GoucherCollege), the Director of the Quarter-Centennial celebration in 1916, points out that it is only in the lastcentury that universities began to observe their anniversaries. This, in spite of the fact that such institutions as Paris, Bologna, Oxford and Cambridge aremore than 800 years old.In 1809 the University of Leipzig marked its quarter centenary by four days of simple ceremony. It is interesting to observe in war torn 1939 (as did Dr.Robertson in troubled 1916) 'that Leipzig's celebrationwas curtailed because of the disturbed state of Europe.The next notable academic festival was the Jena tercentenary in 1858, where for the first time a generalconferring of honorary degrees took place. Since thenthis has been a feature of most celebrations and probably will be included in Chicago's Fiftieth.Despite tender years the University, well aware ofits remarkable progress, held major celebrations on theoccasions of the Fifth, Tenth, Fifteenth and Twenty-Fifth anniversaries. The first celebration was knowngrandiosely as the Quinquennial. Dr. Robertson, in hispublished record of the Quarter-Centennial, says thatthe Quinquennial had the features of a plan to honora full-grown institution and a highly developed anniversary celebration. It was done in the spirit of thesignboard in the newly-planted lawn near Cobb Hallin 1892: "Please Do Not Walk in the Beaten Path."In describing the festivities Dr. Robertson observes,"The Presence of the Founder seems to have stimulatedthe Faculty also to unwonted exhibitions. Early on themorning of July 3, Mr. Rockefeller and President Harper led through the South Parks a bicycling party comprising Messrs. Abbott, Blackburn, Burton, Hall, Judson, Maschke, Mead, F. J. Miller, E. H. Moore, Rees,Shorey, Stratton, Stagg, Small, and Votaw. It is onrecord that the present head of the University (Judson)unused to administering a bicycle, vigorously attemptedto ride up a tree at Stony Island Avenue and the Midway Plaisance."More elaborate was the Decennial, also attended byMr. Rockefeller, while the Sesquidecennial (fifteenth)was smaller due to the death of President Harper. Atthe Quarter-Centennial the University may be said tohave come of age. Whereas previous celebrations hadbeen marked by the dedications of numerous buildings,there was only Ida Noyes to be opened officially. Withthe major building program completed the faculty,alumni and friends could rejoice in adequate style. Thestudents had a circus in Stagg Field, an elaboratepageant was held, and the final dinner attended by JohnD. Rockefeller, Jr., ran until morning.Now, after twenty-five more years of spectaculargrowth, the University will have another celebration.Its forward emphasis has been summarized by President Hutchins in this way: "The University has madefull use of its fifty years as its position among educational institutions of the world proves. But the celebration will look, not to what has been accomplishedin the past, but to the promise of the University's nextfifty years of service to Chicago, the country, and theworld."One word of explanation about the title of the celebration. In view of the Quinquennial, Sesquidecennialand Harvard's Tercentenary, certainly there must be aLatin term for fiftieth year. If so, why isn't it beingused? Mr. Woodward stated that knowledge ratherthan ignorance accounted for the decision. "The word,"he said, enunciating carefully, "is Quinquagenary ! Andsomehow we feel that, whatever people say about thecelebration, they ought to be able to pronounce it."Hence Fiftieth Anniversary.THE ALUMNI AND THE 50TH• By RALPH W. NICHOLSON. '36HERE'S the University's Fiftieth Anniversarycoming along, and what are we as alumnigoing to do about it?" That's what JohnNuveen, Jr., '18, Chairman of the Alumni Council, hasbeen asking himself and others since late last winterwhen the realization began to get around that the University was approaching a very important birthday.Evidently he has the answer ; he is getting ready toannounce — before October is through — the formationof a new and important alumni organization that willbegin work at once. Just how the answer was arrivedat is quite a story.After all (we can see John Nuveen saying to himselfback there last winter) the alumni are the only livingthings that most people ever know about the University.In general we can say that the public thinks about theUniversity much as the alumni think about it, so whatthe alumnus thinks and does about his University hasan important bearing on what the public thinks and doesabout the University. Ergo, whatever the alumni doabout the Fiftieth Anniversary is highly important. Butwhat to do about it, what to do?Then the meetings set it. Before Convocation lastJune various informal groups of alumni were consulted.There was talk, lots of good talk, about what the alumnishould do, about what the University should do. Before three years were out they'd be standing quite distinctly in the spotlight of public attention. That thelight would be bright went without question. Whatother university has done as much in a hundred years —or three hundred — as this university has packed into itsastonishing fifty? Everyone agreed that the alumnimust have an important role — perhaps the major role —in the celebration.Some thirty alumni, covering the years back to theClass of '97, became a committee of a sort. The AlumniCouncil immediately proceeded to make the committeeofficial with the title of Fiftieth Anniversary AlumniCommittee. Thus armed, and with the whole summerbefore them, the members set to work.Meanwhile Charlton Beck made a nation-wide sampling of alumni opinion which brought to light a number of interesting ideas. For instance, the alumni bodywas seen as having reached full growth. By the timethe University gives of! its fiftieth annual crop of graduates its alumni will cover the span of life from twentyto "three score and ten." From then on the livingalumni body will be mature and constant and, Chairman Nuveen says, an increasingly vital force in the lifeof the University.Through talks with such alumni members of the Boardof Trustees as Harold Swift, Paul S. Russell, and Herbert Zimmermann, the committee learned a lot about thecurrent problems and needs of the University. For whatbetter way to be a vital force in the life of the University than by sweeping away a problem or caring for a need ? They learned lots about educational finance —about the amazing race to add new endowment fastenough to offset the declining rate of return and consequent shrinkage of income. They heard how the University is using up its reserve funds.They learned that, after breathing easily for a whilein what President Hutchins in his recent annual reportto the alumni calls the "false dawn of 1936-37," the University has again returned to belt tightening. Theyheard enough to wonder whether, in view of the economic uncertainty everywhere, the University could expect gifts and bequests to continue at the recent generous rate. They were exposed to studies of enrollmenttrends and saw that our enrollment, like those of manycolleges and universities, had not yet recovered from thedepression. At the same time, they learned about someof the important current projects on the Midway andabout the function of endowed schools in the changingeducational scene. Most of these things are discussedin the recent President's report sent to 45,000 alumni.By this time the committee was convinced that thealumni participation in the Fiftieth Anniversary — in oneof its major manifestations — should take the form of offering tangible help to the University. But how?They looked around to see what other alumni were-doing, and discovered that three years before LittleEgypt set up her own air currents to vie with the lakebreezes at the Columbian Exposition, Yale men had setup the Yale Alumni Fund. After the turn of the century, about the time when Chicago's fourth and fifthfreshman classes were graduating, other universities andcolleges with "mature" alumni bodies began followingYale's lead — Dartmouth, Cornell, and Amherst by 1908;Brown, Wesleyan, Harvard, New York University,Stanford, Colgate, Syracuse, Northwestern, the University of Southern California, and eighty others nottoo long afterward.The benefits of an alumni fund to a university werewell stated a few years ago by Dr. James Rowland Angell, then president of Yale. The officials of the YaleFund, he wrote, "have not only succeeded in bringingto the University year after year financial support of anindispensable character, but they have also done whatI regard as far more significant, in that they have keptour alumni body intelligently and sympathetically informed of the plans and the ideals of Yale. The result has been a widespread and uninterrupted moralsupport for our undertaking which has always been ofthe greatest inspiration and which has undoubtedly resulted in an intelligent loyalty to the University thatcould have been secured in no other way."Now, the committee said to itself, we're getting someplace. Wre know that we want to do something worthwhile by 1941, we know what the University needs, andwe know what other alumni groups have done success-(Continued on Page 26)7JAMES WEBER LINN;An Appreciation By an Old Grad• By FRANK P. BRECKINRIDGE, '19JAMES WEBER LINN exerted more influence onmy life than my own father. I had been headedfor Harvard Law School since high school ; in 1919a generous University gave me a so-called war degreebased on two years of real work and (due to the war)one and one-quarter years of pretty sketchy effort. Mr.Linn then suggested a year of graduate economics inNew York City at Columbia University. Father, whowas anxious that I should get into the business world,was appalled at the addition of another postgraduateyear to three more of law, and termed the whole ideaan educational frill. But I followed Mr. Linn's advice,went to Columbia, and it changed the whole course ofmy life. He was continually giving young men suchadvice which had great significance in their lives.At the risk of yielding to "the pressure of auto-big-raphy" I set down these facts because they were alsotrue in the lives of many other students. Mr. Linnsensed the immaturity in my makeup and knew exactlywhat was needed. We liked each other a good deal andthat emotional reaction caused him to ponder my situation and give it the time necessary for the true solution.This intuitive quality based on affection was the kernel,I think, of that pervading something that set him apart.Many of his young friends used to correspond withhim during the summer so as to continue the close association of the academic year. I have a letter before me,written during a period which was one of Mr. Linn'sbusiest- — twelve pages of his own handwriting, discussing whether eventually I should direct my effortstowards the public service (in a state's attorney's officeor some other political job) or whether, as he suggested, I should try to become a "legal executive." Itis ironical, in view of his own later efforts in the statelegislature, that, in arguing for the legal executive, hewrote "Politics will only cause you many hateful days."Now most people will not give advice to a young manabout his life when he asks for it. Even though theythink they know, they really don't care enough to makethe effort. But Mr. Linn did care and was willing tomake the effort.In one of those letters he told of the death of a student who had broken his leg accidentally in an interfraternity baseball game. I hadn't realized that Mr.Linn had known him very well, but the description ofhow a relatively unimportant fracture had eventuallyresulted in his death was followed by the simple sentence, "I loved that boy."One's first experience with Mr. Linn was usuallyalarming. He really put the fear of God into us. Inmy first of his English courses the class divided itselfinto two groups; one group did careful, well-rounded,accurate but somewhat dull work; the other (of whichhe termed me a ring leader) turned out helter-skelter, sloppy, hit-or-miss copy which was somehow interesting. Mr. Linn, having described this division, thenpicked up my paper and remarked, "Now here's a rottenpiece of work by Mr. Breckinridge." On another hewrote simply, "Based on no knowledge and thereforefeeble."Another student had turned in a sophomoric, melodramatic story in which a young man got himself intowhat he imagined a terrible predicament. Mr. Linncommented as follows : "I love chocolate creams. Thereis a box of chocolate creams in my grandmother's room.Shall I get a chocolate cream even if I have to kill mygrandmother? No, not even for a chocolate cream."His criticism and his sarcasm, couched in forcefullanguage, were so just that the sufferer always remembered them gratefully as putting a finger on what heneeded most at that time. But it took time and manymeetings before you got through his rough exterior tothe sensitive interior. That gruff exterior was perhapscaused by the hurts to the sensitive interior during hisyounger days. Many of us have heard him tell how, asa green freshman at the University of Chicago, he wasinvited to a fraternity house for luncheon and said to asenior, "I'll join you." The senior replied, "You'll goto hell until you're asked." That kind of experiencemay have caused him to present to newcomers the growling, big-stick, Theodore Roosevelt exterior which suggested the nickname of "Teddy."None of his best friends that I know called him"Teddy." Mostly out of affection and partly out ofearnest admiration, we called him, respectfully, MisterLinn. But that sensitive interior was there, and oncein the inner circle you were given the full force of whatever power he could direct to your benefit. A youngman of whom he had grown fond went to see him onurgent business outside of his office hours. Mr. Linnwas exceedingly busy, and with a considerable amountof emphasis told him that he would not see him outsideof office hours. Ten clays later, the same young manbecame somewhat involved with University disciplinebecause of absentmindedly tossing beer bottles out ofhis dormitory window. There seemed, to the disciplinarians little to do in turn but to toss him out of theUniversity. In desperation he called on Mr. Linn atmidnight. Mr. Linn got out of bed fulminating aboutbottle tossing in words which still glow in the youngman's memory, dressed, went to the president of the university, got the president out of bed and pleaded thecase of the young man. That young man stayed in college. This ability to see the exact situation more clearlythan anyone else and the willingness to help which wentwith it grew on his students so that he was most appreciated in the years after they were out of school.Mr. Linn set young men's feet in the proper paths8THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 9with a clearer understanding oftheir futures than they had themselves. He got me my first job,writing editorials on economicsand politics on the Chicago Evening Post (a job which I nevercould have held if it hadn't beenfor the year at Columbia) andthen as a law clerk with West andEckhart, Al Widdifield, an editor of the Maroon, "wanted towrite" and thought newspaper reporting should be the first step.Mr. Linn invited him over to siton the front steps and talk aboutit; then wrote a letter to HenryJustin Smith on the Chicago DailyNews which secured the place, remarking to Widdifield that hewould never stay in the writingbusiness, but would be in an advertising agency within two years.He was.It is fitting that a friend andcolleague of the department shouldwrite the full evaluation of his lifeas a writer and teacher. But Mr.Linn had many sides to his character which his colleagues on thefaculty perhaps did not know sointimately as his younger friends.Many of us could write at lengthabout how he created the characters and lines of the "NaughtyNineties" and other Blackfriarshows, of his friendships and camaraderie at the Tavern Club.But it is impossible to set down ina few pages all the sides of him.[While casting about for suitablematerial with which to rememberour teacher and friend, JamesWeber Linn, the editors came onthe "verse" of his printed below,sent to the Magazine two years ago by C. J. Pike, '96("Teddy would probably agree that this is not an epic.")]THE OLD GRAD'S LAMENTDEAR Old Grad :Cork up your tear-ducts, put your handkerchiefto dry,Lament for us no more laments, never sigh another sigh,For there's no wind in the oak-trees, there are no maidsleft to say,"Leave off sending stamps for answer" and return tothe Midway;To the torrid Old MidwayWhere the grass with dust is grayAnd the heat is something frightful with every singledying day; JAMES WEBER LINN 1876-1939Ne'er a student now is gayEvery woman is passeAnd it's hell to have to study out beside the Old Midway !There are maidens here by hundreds, but their hair isflecked with gray,Noses long and glasses on 'em, in the good old schoolma'm way,And they come from Indiana, where the yellow hay-fieldsblow,And there's nothing under heaven that they do notthink they know;You're in luck to be in town,Though you ought to see their gowns,Hear their voices squeak a chorus as they call theteacher down !(Continued on Page 26)MR. LINN AND MR. ALDIS' SHIRT• By GEORGE MORGENSTERN, '29Y old teacher and friend, Professor JamesWeber Linn, was buried a few days ago in thelittle town of Cedarville. In no case could thefutility of words be more complete than now, for he, ofall people, was most alive. To living he brought a passion and an interest that did not seem derived from anyimpersonal life-flood or force, but were rather his ownindependent contributions to the chemistry of interactive human relationships.No ivory tower scholar, he reached into the vast reservoir of English literature, every line of which he loved,and made the voices of men long dead his eloquent own.To all of us who sat in his classrooms at the Universityof Chicago, he will remain the spokesman for all thatis vital and wise and gentle in thought and in feeling.In class after class, endlessly through the years, thousands of youngsters came under his spell. He taughtthem to be articulate in words, to feel something of hisown tremendous delight for beauty in language, to appreciate the great books which were their heritage.When I came to Hearst Square as a reporter, Mr.Linn already was a veteran of the staff. His "RoundAbout Chicago" column — so incomparably better a column than this! — was a delight, and to a young colleaguebeset by all the doubts and misgivings of youth, he wasgenerous as always in his advice and encouragement.I should like to give you some feeling for Mr. Linn'sspecial quality, and I know no better way than to reprintone of his daily columns. It is one of many that I toreout of our paper in those years that now are retreatingso rapidly into the past. It is called "Mr. Aldis' Shirt.""There is a story going about which I should like tocorrect, because I do not think it will do my reputationany good. Briefly, it is to the effect that I broke intothe apartment of Mr. Arthur Aldis, stole one of hisdress shirts, wore it so that the initials showed, and usedit to crash a party to which Mr. Aldis had been invited.This story is greatly exaggerated, and I believe the public is entitled to know the real facts."What happened was this: I was having a dinnerwith some people who live in the same apartment housethat Mr. Aldis lives in, and I had on my own dressshirt, because I was going on later to a dance. (I donot dance, but my wife does.) There was some sort ofred liquid in a glass on the table in front of me, and Ipicked it up to see what it was. It was a trick glass,I suppose, with a little hole in the side; anyway, thered liquid spilled out on the bosom of my shirt, andmade a streaky place. A very nice young woman whowas sitting next to me powdered it for me, and I thoughtmade it look quite neat; but my wife insisted that Icould not go to the dance in that shirt. Very well, Isaid ; that suits me. But then she said I must go home,seven or eight miles, and change the shirt. So I saidthat was the only one I had, and I would have thoughtno more of the matter, but some one remembered that Mr. Arthur Aldis lived on the top floor, and suggestedthat I might borrow one of his shirts."So I borrowed a key from Mr. Graham Aldis, whois the son of Mr. Arthur Aldis, and I went up, andMr. Arthur Aldis was in bed, and said something aboutwhat was I doing; but after a little argument I got theshirt. Mr. Aldis used to be a cowboy, like TheodoreRoosevelt, but he is older now and hates to get out ofbed even to defend his shirts. So I took it downstairs,and changed the studs and everything, and it fitted quitewell, except at the neck. My neck is rougher than Mr.Aldis', and made it stick out a bit ; but around the waistit fitted almost exactly."I started to the dance I was going to, and on theway I passed the place Mr. Aldis had been invited to,and I could feel that shirt pulling as if it were a lasso,and Mr. Aldis were still a cowboy and had hold of theother end. I couldn't have stopped that shirt if I hadtried; so I did not try. I followed the shirt into theplace that Mr. Aldis had been invited to, and somebodyasked me if I had a card, and I said, very quickly:" Tf you were to look at my shirt, you would seethat it has Mr. Arthur Aldis' initials on it.'"And whoever it was said:" 'Are you Mr. Arthur Aldis ?' And I said :" Tf I were not, would I be wearing this shirt ?'"So whoever it was stood aside, and that was allright, and I went in."And somebody else said in a loud voice:" 'Mr. Arthur Aldis !'"And I started to shake hands, and somebody who Ithink was Mr. Spalding, or Gardner, or some such name,came up and said :" T know Mr. Aldis, and this is not he.'"So I started to show him the initials and the whiteflower in his buttonhole started to fall out, and two orthree others came up, also with white flowers in theirbuttonholes, and one of them said:" That is Mr. Aldis' shirt, I recognize it.'"So I showed them the initials, and after a little whileI went home."That is the whole story, and the only part of it thatpuzzles me is why that shirt was so insistent on goinginto that place. But I suppose it had been there sooften that it just naturally knew the way. At any rate,it was not my fault that the glass was a trick glass,and I still wonder what the red liquid could have beenthat was in it."And now that this story, and all of Mr. Linn's otherstories are told, there is still so much that we who werefond of him, and respected him, and were grateful toprefer to think that next Fall, when the sun spills overthe quadrangles and reaches with long fingers into theshadowy archways, we might walk into Cobb Hall, andonce more hear a remembered voice.10SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH;An Appraisal by the President of the Brookings InstitutionTHE outstanding characteristic of the age in whichwe live is its confusion of thought. In economicsand politics, in business, in education, in philosophy, and even in the broad realm of science the prevailing note is uncertainty. We are not sure preciselywhere we are going or whether we are on the way. Thepublic as a whole is bewildered by the great politicaland social movements of our time anddisheartened by their failure to usherin the golden age of plenty. Educators are grasping for new — and old —methods of "unscrewing the inscrutable" and bringing unity to a discordant world. Scientists are perplexedover the effects and implications oftheir discoveries. Is science the beneficent power we formerly thought it,continually advancing the welfare ofthe people who comprise society, ordoes it perhaps threaten the destruction of civilization?In the light of such confusion it requires no little temerity on the partof an economist to discuss scientificresearch. It is only because of thegreat need of a closer bond of understanding among the various scientificgroups that I venture to attemptsome clarification of the issues involved, with particular reference, ofcourse, to the nature of research in the so-called socialsciences.The term science is in some ways ambiguous and confusing: to some it merely connotes a field of study — "thenatural sciences" ; to others it means a particular methodof analysis ; and again it often suggests a body of exactprinciples of fixed and unchanging character. What weare really interested in, I believe, is the scientific spirit,which is best defined as an attitude of mind. As William James expressed it: "I have to forge every sentence in the teeth of irreducible and stubborn facts."As I see it, there is no single methodology or technique of scientific inquiry. There are as many differentmethods of observation, experimentation and analysis asthere are divisions of science; indeed, within the samefield more than one technique may be employed, and.even a single research project may require the utilizationof a combination of methods. Such as Galileo, Newton,Frankln, Darwin, Pasteur, Edison, Mill and Curieemployed widely differing methods of observation andanalysis in arriving at their generalizations. They werealike only in the common purpose of deriving their conclusions from irreducible facts. The objective, open-HAROLD G. MOULTONDr. Moulton, economist and president of theBrookings Institution in Washington, was bornin LeRoy, Mich., Nov. 7, 1883. Outside ofoffice hours he specializes in squash racquetsand "athletic dope in general." Before goingto Brookings he was professor of economics atthe University.By HAROLD G. MOULTON, '07, PhD' 14, LLD'37minded, scientific outlook need not, of course, be restricted to consideration of natural phenomena; it mayand should pervade all other realms of investigation.It will perhaps serve to orient our joint thinking if Icall attention briefly to the part played by developmentsin the field of the natural sciences in the sixteenth andseventeenth centuries upon economic and politcal thoughtand in laying the foundations of theeconomic and political system of modern times. The key to the great transition from regulated to free enterprisewas found in the conception of "nature's law" with which the physicalscientists were concerned. What aboutthe human being? Was he not a partof the natural order of things and ifso, could he possibly realize his potentialities if his life were circumscribed by man-made restrictionswhich curbed his free-born spirit?The writings of Blackstone, Rousseau,Adam Smith and others who formulated the principles of the commonlaw, the laws of economics, the principles of government and the scienceof sociology are permeated with theconception of natural law. And Jefferson, it may also be recalled, prefaced the Declaration of Independence with an all-embracing reference ;to the separate and equal station to which the laws ofnature and of nature's God entitle us. These men, drawing their inspiration from the great scientific discoveriesof the preceding century sought to apply the new-foundknowledge and conceptions to social organization — toinvent legal, economic, and political institutions in harmony with the universe of nature. The three remarkable events of the years 1775-76 — the application of thesteam engine to industry, the publication of AdamSmith's "Wealth of Nations," and the writing of theDeclaration of Independence — were not coincidence.The immediate consequence of the writings of theso£ial philosophers of the eighteenth century was theestablishment of the system of free business enterprisewhich characterized the nineteenth century. First, innumerable laws which restricted the freedom and initiative of the individual were repealed. Second, industry and trade were relieved from a multitude of hampering regulations. Third, national boundaries camelargely to be ignored through the removal of barriersand restrictions against the free international movementof trade and currency and against the migration of people from country to country. There was born the con-1112 THE UNIVERSITY OF CFIICAGO MAGAZINEception of a world society, in which men should befree not only to develop their individual capacities tothe utmost but also to live in whatever spot on theglobe they desired and to conduct their business operations without reference to any national boundaries.This system of free enterprise not only gave direct encouragement to the application of scientific .discoveries tothe production of wealth, but the expanding scope ofbusiness organization made it possible to utilize such discoveries with great effectiveness. In turn, the growthof wealth provided the means essential to the systematicconduct of large-scale scientific research.Granted that developments in the field of the naturalsciences served as a stimulus to scientific analysis in thefield of the social sciences, which in turn had profoundeffects upon economic and political organization, thequestion must still be asked whether the work of thesescholars in the field of the social sciences was in a truesense scientific. There can be no doubt on one score —that a vigorous and systematic effort was made to formulate a science of economics.During the century ending in 1850 a body of economic principles was gradually evolved. An elaboratesystem of economic conclusions was developed on thebasis of a comparatively few simple laws which wererooted in physical factors. Among these may be mentioned, for purposes of illustration, the following general principles: (1) the law of diminishing returns,which holds that beyond a certain point the applicationof additional labor and capital to a given amountof natural resources does not yield a proportional increase of product; (2) the law of diminishing utility,which holds that beyond a certain point the satisfaction derived from the consumption of additional unitsof any given commodity declines; and (3) the law ofthe variability of human desires, which holds that human wants as a whole are virtually insatiable.The extension of economic activity throughout theworld, the development of infinitely varied types of products and the whole complex system of production anddistribution, involving varying and constantly changing commodity values, were shown to be the direct results of these fundamental attributes of nature and man.You will be interested to know the conclusionsreached by these early scholars with respect to theoutlook for economic progress. They found that theeconomic condition of the masses of the people at anygiven period and the degree of economic progress thatmight occur in the future were controlled or limited bythree fundamental factors: First, the land or otherresources provided by nature; second, the accumulationof capital, that is, tools, machinery, factories, etc. ; and,third, the labor supply. Two of these factors were regarded so far as expansion was concerned, as subjectto severe limitations, while the third — the labor supply— was subject to a very rapid rate of growth whichtended to defeat, so far as standards of living wereconcerned, whatever gains might come from the improvement in the other f actor s.While new agricultural areas might be opened to settlement and new mineral, forest, or aquatic resourcesmight be discovered, there were clearly ultimate limits to these resources. Moreover, the fundamentally important land resources were very definitely limited fromthe point of view of quality. The most fertile areaswere in the main those first utilized and, as populationgrew, resort would have to be had to poorer and poorerland. While improved methods of land utilizationmight serve to increase productivity, such increase wassubject to the law of diminishing returns.The supply of capital was limited by factors of a different type. In brief, its increase involved a choicebetween the immediate satisfactions that might be realized by devoting all our energy to the production ofconsumer goods and the larger satisfactions that mightultimately be realized if some of our resources were currently devoted to the production of capital goods inorder to increase our future productive capacity. Thegrowth of capital thus depended upon the ability andthe willingness of individuals to make current sacrificesfor the sake of future gains. Inasmuch as the greatmajority of human beings possessed the most meagerstandards of living and were, moreover, regarded aslacking in foresight, it did not appear likely that capitalwould be created at a rapid rate. Moreover, if capitalshould perchance for a time be increased with exceptional rapidity its use in conjunction with limited naturalresources would inevitably result in a decrease in itsmarginal productivity. Hence its interest yield woulddecline, thus checking the tendency of accumulation.The labor supply, on the other hand, was subjectto no such limitations. On the contrary, as a result ofnatural instincts, it tended inevitably to increase outof all proportion to the other factors of production.Hence population growth would necessitate a continuous resorting to poorer resources, thereby tending to reduce living standards to the minimum of subsistence.While war and pestilence might serve at times to improve the balance among the factors of production, thereappeared little hope for progressively rising standardsof living — unless perchance "prudential restraint" mighteventually serve to control the birth rate.It was the geometric rate of population growth ascompared with the arithmetic rate of growth of theother factors which not only gave to economics the ap-pelation of dismal science but foreshadowed a grim future for the human race. Moreover, the conditions oflife in China, India, and other old civilizations affordedstriking illustration of the permanent tendency for population growth to exceed that of other resources ; indeed,the very redundancy of the labor supply tended to prevent the introduction of machinery which would economize human labor.The situation today is obviously profoundly differentfrom that which was contemplated by the economic observers of a century ago. In a large part of the worldstandards of living of the masses of the people havebeen raised enormously and the dire results of the lawsformulated by our economic forefathers appear somehow to have been avoided. Instead of a conception ofall controlling scarcity, we are troubled with conceptions of abundant ; indeed, before the eyes of many is thespecter of superabundance.(Continued on Page 25)THIS WAS GERMANY;The World of Yesterday• By KATHERINE BUXBAUM, AM'24OF the current phrases none has caught on morequickly than "the old Germany." More substantial than most catch words, it has some meaning for everyone. But those who knew the country orwere tourist-wise prior to August 1914 use it to summon up a picture-book Germany with its beautifullyregulated social order acceptable to almost everybody.This impression doubtless has its weak points, but weof the old order are determined to keep our illusions.For me it was ave at que vale in one summer to thatcherished notion of existence ; but I am glad that theMarburg interlude managed to fall within the period ofGemuthlichkeit.Another teacher and I, scorning the idea of parties,were "doing" Germany on our own that summer. Falling in with a young woman from Arkansas who wasbound for the vacation course at the University of Marburg, we were easily persuaded to join her there inJuly — July 1914. Three weeks of lectures in the language, we admitted, would improve our German no end.And a certificate of attendance at a famous German university would be a souvenir to impress school officialsback home.The Arkansas traveler went on ahead and found living quarters for the three of us with the family of aGerman teacher who had turned over his salon for areasonable hire. So that is how I came to know "alt'Marburg, schone Musenstadt"; the University, then inthe last quarter of its fourth century; the lovely LahnValley; the Hessian countryside; and Thessy.Thessy was my Austduscherin, a little Jewess of merrycountenance and ready tongue. Everybody was assignedan Austausch (exchange) -student who spoke the tonguethe learner desired to hear. We were a little dashedwhen we found that the German girls preferredEngland erinnen; for their purer accent, of course. However some of them were obliged to put up with us. Perhaps Thessy and I were judged mutually unworthy; tosay that she was as proficient in English as I was inGerman is not saying much. It was a distinct shockto her to find that I, a product of an American university, was teaching in a public high school a language ofwhich I had little more than a reading knowledge. "Aber,Frdulein" she cried, "wie konnen Sie dannf Sie ken-nen so wenig!" A much needed jolt, that. I determined to sit at her feet and learn of her, and to makeher admit in the end that I knew more than "ein wenig."With pride she took me about to see the glories ofMarburg. Thessy never dreamed that she was an outsider. All things German were hers to boast of withloyal affection, the medieval church of St. Elizabeth, forinstance; the handsome Schloss, already ancient whenLuther, Zwingli, and Melanchthon fought out their battle of words across the table in the Sad'. She explained the festivities which gave the town a perpetual air ofcelebration. Every day the street was hung with banners in honor of some fraternity which was having ananniversary. At night the sky above the Schlossbergblossomed out in flowers of fire; there were torchlightprocessions for favorite professors and all the preciousfoolery that gives permanence to an ever shifting groupof adherents.Two sorts of notebooks remain from my Marburg sojourn. The customary "My Trip Abroad" is filled withtravelogue cliches and gossip. The other contains suchlecture notes as I was able to gather from the professorswho steered the Kursus. Chief of these was Herr Vietor,foremost among phoneticians He was sehr, sehr be-ruhmt, and his fame quite overpowered me. His lectures were above my head, yet I basked in the privilegethat was mine, that of sitting under a man who stoodfor the immense solidity, the terrifying thoroughness ofGerman scholarship.One, Professor Andreas, addressed us glowingly onthe history of German culture. "Das deutsche Volkist stark, friedliebendes," he assured us. Peaceloving,'yes. There was plenty of evidence around us of thataspect of German character. Freedom was another glorious word — it runs through my notes like a refrain.One sentence which I transcribed literally, even to hisitalics was: "Man ist demokratischer geworden!" Thatwas an agreeable platitude. How could we ever suppose that it would be seriously challenged?It was a triumph of the new spirit abroad in the worldto find a woman lecturing in this place of scholarly tradition. Frau Elsa von Blankensee who taught "Expression" combined professional achievement with femininecharm. I have very few notes from Frau Elsa's lectures. I think I often lost what she was saying inwatching her play of expression and trick of gesture.From the moment she stepped to the platform and addressed us in her thrilling voice: "Meine Damen undHerren !" she held us by the sheer power of her personality. Then men from home were quite wild about her.The Ferien Kursus ended on the twenty-ninth of July.For some days rumors of war had been penetrating ourcloistered existence. Would Britain fight? Were theymobilizing on the Russian border? Such questionsseemed irrelevant, impertinent, almost, to those bent onscholarship. What really mattered was Vietor's passionfor phonetics, Frau von Blankensee's moving recital ofSchiller's verses; Professor Andreas intoning, "Dasdeutsche Volk ist stark, friedliebendes. . . ."When I try to picture Marburg, forced, nowadays,to tune its culture to the fanfare of national socialism,the imagination balks. For me the place still lies in thesunshine of tempered reason and the love of learning,and there it shall stay. For this, at least, was Germany.13CHAUCER ON THE AIR;An Episode from The Human Adventure[The University's educational radio "variety show,""The Human Adventure," was broadcast weekly over76 stations of the Columbia Broadcasting System foreight Tuesdays beginning July 25. Scrips for the hour-long programs were prepared at the University by professional writers and productions were put on the airin New York by Columbia's own staff, headed by Brewster Morgan.Because of the favorable reception of the series, theUniversity expects that "The Human Adventure" willreturn to the air for thirteen half-hour programs during the winter at a time to be announced later.The following episode — taken from the seventh program — describes the famed Chaucer research project ofProfessor John M. Manly and the late Edith Rickert,the first results of which will be published by the University of Chicago Press this winter. The script is reproduced verbatim to illustrate radio technique.]VOICE : Whan that Aprille with Wise shoures sooteThe droghte oj March hath perced to the roote,And bathed every veyne in swich lie ourOf which vertu engendred is the flour;Whan Zephirus eke with his swete breethInspired hath in every holt and heet(FADE) The tendre crop pes, and the yonge sonneHath in the Rami his halje cours yronne. . .Man in the Street: What sort of language is that?Announcer: That's English the way it was spokensome 500 years ago.Man : Certainly has rhythm to it.Announcer: And those were the opening lines of theCanterbury Tales.Man : Canterbury Tales ?Announcer : Yes — some of the finest stories everwritten.Man : What are they about?Narrator: In the Middle Ages Canterbury, a smalltown in southeastern England, was the mecca for travelers who came to pray and seek favors at the shrine ofThomas a Becket, famous church martyr. The Canterbury Tales, written by the great English poet, GeoffreyChaucer, in 1387 — 550 years ago — in a language scarcelyunderstood today, is a living mirthful description ofsuch a journey by some 29 pilgrims, and the stories theytold to pass the time as they rode slowly on their way.Sound: HORSES, BAGPIPE, SINGING, ETC.Voice 1 : I am a Pardoner come straight from thecourt of Rome. I preach sermons and sell pardons forsins. I ride to Canterbury.Voice 2 : From every shires endeOf Engelond to Caunterbury they wende,The hooly, blisful martir for to sekeThat hem hath holpen whan that they wereseeke. Sound: RIDING HORSES UP: THEN FADE INDISTANCE.Narrator: In 1400 Geoffrey Chaucer died and leftthe Canterbury tales unfinished. But copies of thestories from the Tales circulated in manuscript form,and as copies of the copies were continuously made byprofessional scribes, errors of many kinds accumulatedin the transmission of the text. Words, phrases, andsentences were changed ; the order of the tales was rearranged, and works not written by Chaucer were attributed to him. In order to classify these errors, Professor John Manly and Dr. Edith Rickert of the Universityof Chicago determined to photograph every knownChaucer manuscript and study it. They instituted asearch that took them to libraries in all parts of theworld.Man in the Street: What? All this trouble abouta writer who lived over 500 years ago ? Why ? What'sthe value of spending time on it?Announcer: Well, Chaucer is the most important ofall writers in Medieval England. His language was theroot from which our modern English has developed. Hemirrors his times and epitomizes the whole culture ofthe period in which he lived : the religious differences,the social structure of the society, the prevailing superstitions, everything.That is why it is important for scholars to knowexactly what Chaucer wrote. And that is why Professor Manly and Dr. Rickert journeyed to libraries inevery part of the world. The search carried Prof.Manly and Dr. Rickert to the Royal Library at Naplesto inspect a unique Chaucer manuscript. . .Man : To Naples ? What was a Chaucer manuscript doing there?Announcer: That was what the scholars wanted toknow. How widely read was Chaucer in his day? Howmuch had the writings of this English poet influencedItalian thought and letters ? Or was it merely happenstance that the manuscript found its way to Italy? Ifso, how had it come there and who owned it before itcame into the possession of the Library? These werequestions the scholars wished to answer.Man : This sounds more and more like a detectivestory. What clues did the scholars have to work on?Announcer : Only the clue of an odd device, abaffling diagram drawn in ink at the bottom of the manuscript. But listen. . .Sound: BELLS COME UP IN DISTANCE.Woman: (IN ITALIAN) Good morning.Manly: Good morning. I am Professor Manly ofthe University of Chicago. This is Dr. Rickert. Wehave come to see Professor Vallese.Woman : Prof. Manly ... ah yes, Prof. Vallese toldme to expect you. Come with me.Sound: FOOTSTEPS. DOOR. BELLS COME UPMORE CLEARLY.14THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 15Manly: The bells of St.Januarius.Rickert : Lovely, aren'tthey? I wonder why they'retolling. Amarriage? Adeath?Manly: (LAUGHING)More likely ten o'clock.Woman : Here we are. . .Sound: DOOR.Vallese : Good morning,Dr. Rickert . . . Prof. Manly.Manly : Thank you verymuch for the bottle of wineyou sent us last night, Professor Vallese. It was excellent.Vallese: Bueno! TonightI shall send you anotherbottle. And now . . . themanuscript. You wish to inspect it under the ultra violetray?Manly: Yes. We'd liketo know whether that diagram conceals a signature.Sound: SWITCH. BIZOF MS. IN MACHINE.CRACKLE OF CURRENT.Manly: How clearly the design of the drawingstands out. A bell, a long row of dots leading to it,and a hand with index finger pointing to the bell.Rickert: I see no signs of any inscription, though.Vallese: If there had been a name written on themanuscript and then erased, the rays certainly wouldhave brought it out.Manly : But the bell — the row of dots. — the accusingfinger — what can it mean?Vallese: That is a mystery which will probablynever be solved.Sound : TOLLING OF BELLS.Rickert: (ASIDE) In Italy, always the sound ofbells fills the air. The bell, a symbol of passing time.A symbol. . . (UP) Professor Manley, could the bell inthat manuscript possibly be a literary symbol representing a man ?Manly: A rebus? Yes, it is possible. Quite frequently during the middle ages, writers who wished toconceal their names used cryptic figures, a circle, asquare. . . I supose it is worth checking.Vallese : Here is a book of rebuses used in the middleages. But I doubt if you will find anything concerningbells.Rickert: Plenty of circles . . . squares . . . (SHUFFLE OF PAGES) ... a bird in flight ... But a bell?Manly: I'm afraid we're on the wrong track. Thebell evidently is only a piece of fool's scap. A doodle,they would call it today.Rickert: And yet . . . and yet . . . Wait . . . Here'sa bell, Professor Manly.Manly: Yes . . . Yes . . . Quite beautifully drawn,too. Could you turn on the ultra violet machine again,Professor Vallese? "THE HUMAN ADVENTURE" IN ACTUAL PRODUCTIONVallese: Certainly.Sound: SWITCH AND CRACKLE.Rickert: The two bells are almost identical, Professor Manly.Manly: They are identical Miss Rickert. Only thesame hand could have drawn two bells like this. Whatdoes the book say about the owner of the bell signature?Rickert: (READS) Tomasso Campanella . . . 1568-1639 ... an Italian Renaissance philosopher . . . imprisoned for many years in Naples . . . used a bell as aliterary symbol to conceal his identity.Vallese : Of course. Campanella means "bell tower"in Italian. Professor Manly . . . Dr. Rickert . . . thereis no possibility of doubt that you have found the formerowner of this Chaucerian document. I congratulateyou. . .Sound: BELLS SNEAK IN AND UP.Narrator: So, by means of an ancient book, a modern scientific device, and astute deduction, these twoscholars added another bit of information to the knowledge of the history of the priceless Chaucer manuscripts.Man : That's a swell yarn. But how did ThomasBelltower get hold of that manuscript?Narrator: That mystery remains to be solved.Man: Well, I still want to know exactly what happens when a scholar writes a special edition.Announcer: A definitive edition is an explanationof the material. An exhaustive interpretation of whatthe poet really meant.Man : And how precisely did Prof. Manly and Dr.Rickert go about it?Narrator: To Portugal ... to Scotland ... to theBritish Museum in London ... to the many private16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINElibraries of England ... to the Dean of Lichfield Cathedral .. . the Dean of Lincoln Cathedral . . . the Duke ofDevonshire . . . went the two scholars gathering information, photographing manuscripts and sending thephotostats to the University of Chicago for furtheranalysis.Man : What was their most interesting experience ?Narrator: Probably it occurred in Wales in 1932.Professor Manly and Dr. Rickert learned that duringthe war a fragment of a manuscript was sent to Sir JohnBallinger, librarian of the National Library of Wales.Eagerly they turned their steps in that direction — onlyto be informed that Sir John had suffered a stroke ofparalysis and remembered practically nothing of thepast. Nevertheless, Professor Manly asked to see SirJohn. . . (FADE)Assistant : Sir John, may I present Dr. Rickert andProfessor Manly of the University of Chicago. . .Sir John: Chicago . . . Chicago . . . That's in America, is it not?Rickert : Yes, it is, Sir John. And we have cometo Wales especially to see you.Sir John: To see me? Why?Manly: During the war, Sir John, a priceless fragment of a Chaucer manuscript was sent to the NationalLibrary of Wales. To you.Sir John : A fragment of Chaucer. . . To me. . . Ido not remember. . .Assistant: You see. . .Manly : The fragment was returned to its owner.Its owner, whom we must find.Sir John: Yes, yes, of course. But why are you interested in this . . . this fragment?Manly: We are preparing the first definitive editionof the Canterbury Tales ever assembled.Sir John : Wonderful . . . wonderful ... A monumental work. I applaud your project.Manly : In order that our collection may be complete,we must have that fragment . . . that bit of paper thatwas once sent to you.Rickert: Oh, Sir John, think. Can't you rememberit at all?Sir John : A fragment of Chaucer ... a flutteringleaf from the past. . . Yes, yes, of course you musthave it. Of course.Assistant: (ASIDE) He's getting excited. I wasafraid. . . (UP) Sir John . . . please ... do not exciteyourself.Sir John : But this is an exciting work. A very fineproject. Let me think. . . Let me think. . . A fragmentof paper ... in a Bible Yes, I am certain it was a Bible.Assistant: (ASIDE) You see? His mind is almostblank. I am afraid I shall have to ask you to go.Sir John: Wait! Wait! A Bible. A Latin WelshBible. Of course ! That was it.Rickert: He remembers, Professor Manly. Heremembers. . .Manly: Astonishing! Go ahead, Sir John. Whatabout a Bible?Sir John: The Chaucer fragment. . . Ah, I have itnow. . . I remember. Assistant: Sir John, please! You will have anotherstroke.Sir John : Leave me alone, sir. Professor Manly, thebit you are seeking was bound in a Latin Welsh Biblepublished in the early 17th century. Find that Bibleand you will find your treasure. . .Orchestra: IN AND OUT.Announcer: Out of the mists of an old man's mind,came a clue. A clue that Professor Manly and Dr.Rickert eagerly followed with an advertisement in theWestern Messenger, a Welsh newspaper of wide circulation. And presently the owner of the Bible appeared,a rector at Merthyr Mawr, the manuscript was photostated, and another step in the completion of the Chaucercollection was successfully carried out.Man : What about Sir John ?Announcer : The visit of the two Chicago professorsso excited him that his memory partially returned . . .believe it or not.Orchestra: UP AND FADE.Manly : After many trial and error methods I believewe must use the following method of collating the manuscripts : We shall write each line of the Skeat edition ofChaucer on a single card — one line to one card — andthen compare the same line of every one of the 83 manuscripts. Variations will then be noted on the card. . .Narrator: Card after card marked the progress ofthe Manly-Rickert study until there had accumulatedsome 800,000 of them. Today, the result of 14 yearsof research is complete and waiting for publication : oneof the outstanding contributions to the literature of theMiddle Ages; an 8 volume text of the CanterburyTales which provides a description and classification ofthe S3 manuscripts with critical notes, and completerecord of the variant readings — a colossal undertaking toestablish the text closest to the one that Chaucer reallywrote.Man in the Street: The work of Professor Manlyand Dr. Rickert sounds very interesting . . . but I'd liketo know what some of these stories are about.Announcer : Well, the Knight tells a story of ancientlove ; the Nun's Priest tells about the rooster who wasfooled by the fox, the Wife of Bath tells a story aboutfairyland, the Pardoner tells about three men who setout to seek death. . .Man : That last's the one that sounds best. Is it agood story?Announcer: According to Professor Kittredge ofHarvard University, an outstanding Chaucer scholar,the tale told by the Pardoner is a matchless story . . .absolutely perfect in proportion, construction, and artistic economy.Music: BACKGROUND.Announcer : The Pardoner was a character peculiarto the Middle Ages. He was a man who went aboutthe country selling pardons for sins committed. He alsopreached sermons. Thus it is only natural for Chaucer'sPardoner to tell a story which points a moral. Thestory which you are going to hear was translated out ofearly English and adapted especially for this program.(Continued on Page 21)TRAINING SOLDIERS FOR DEMOCRACY;Honorable Mention in Manuscript ContestDURING the past few years the outlook of theaverage citizen in the United States has changedradically. The time-honored subjects for discussion in barber shops, drugstores, street corners, andchurch vestibules were the condition of the crops andthe state of business, but always the wickedness of politicians both local and national. Many people felt calledupon to expain vaguely what they 'would do if they occupied positionsof authority in the handling of thisgovernment and often grew quitevigorous about it, but usually forgotit all by bedtime.As a nation we were largely unconscious of the fact that we lived ina round world, inhabited by a number of equally vigorous groups.When we thought of these groups atall it was in terms of castles on theRhine, quaint English villages, singing boatmen on the Volga, and dolllike kimono wearers. It was asthough the rest of the world weremaintained in static museum form toentertain Americans who might acquire the leisure and money to makea pilgrimage across ocean waters.Everything was of course thoroughlydelightful, picturesquely ruined, butpitifully impractical.Probably the change in viewpointdeveloped only with the world war and its train of stupendous consequences. First of all these romantic pictures and their light opera characters came to life; thepeople were human beings like ourselves, and theyfought and suffered and died as we can scarcely imagineto this day. But their very agony drew us to themas nothing else could have done, that is until a timewhen we realized that they were hunting new ways outof their difficulties. They were adopting political machinery which they thought would make them happierand more secure. Our foreign correspondents were enthusiastic and capable persons and they filled their dispatches with descriptions of the new governmental systems in Europe. It dawned on us in time that thesenew systems carried a threat to our democracy, thatthey had no sympathy or tolerance for the individual.There is naturally in all of our minds much that isfantastic and absurd about the old world threat to oursystem, but it is generally conceded that it has becomeour greatest national dread. Fear of this threat certainly has some foundation and should rouse us if wewish to continue life at all as we have known it fornearly two hundred years. And here we may well askMRS. JOHN G. STUTZSubsequent to graduation, Gertrude Griffinmarried a fellow student of the same year,John G. Stutz. Since her marriage, she haslived in Lawrence, Kansas, where Mr. Stutzis director of the League of Kansas Municipalities. • By GERTRUDE G. STUTZ, '20ourselves an important question. How strongly do wewish to continue life as we have known it for nearly twohundred years? How much thought and energy do wewish to exert in the matter ? It would be a simple thingto answer by discussing the nobility of the Americanpeople, their love of justice and freedom, their strugglefor the best of everything, especially in their government.One could say that the American system is bound to succeed because ofits eternal justice ; but all this assurance would amount to nothing morethan a string of platitudes.When we utter such generalitieswe have made our initial error. Wehave assumed that our governingprinciples are so remarkable, andthat our people are so well educated,that they have enjoyed so much freedom, nothing could change their attitudes or impair their system. Theresult of carelessness in protectingliberties actively, may well meantragedy for democracy. Each one ofus makes this mistake in the dailycourse of events. I found myself doing it just last evening in anotherfield. I picked up the newspaper andread of the latest automobile casualty, shook my head sadly, and laidthe copy down with a certain complacence. "What a shame," I thought,"that people are so careless. But such a thing couldnever happen to me. I drive carefully and don't takechances; my family are all careful drivers, too, so weare fortunate. Really we needn't worry about accidents,because we aren't in as much danger as many otherpeople." And you who read are smiling complacentlyat me, because you are quite sure that the next casualtyto occur will likely be my tragedy, because I was sure.This fate of destruction is waiting for our own stable,sane and possibly too sure government, if we continueour indifference and defend it only with platitudes andgeneralities. If we wish to continue living as we havedone, managing our own affairs, spending our ownmoney, supporting our own church and disagreeing withour next door neighbor, we must find ways to protectour system. We are convinced that it is worth protecting; we have talked for years of the active threatagainst it, to be found in foreign autocracies. Certainly the job is waiting to be done now ; it will not beaccomplished unless all of us set to work.Now the first step is so close to home that it lacks alldignity and pretension, and we have been inclined tothink that it was not worth our serious attention, It17is THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEconcerns our city and county governments and ourschool management. It concerns John Smith, a Chicagoman in the next block who ran for city council last election in our small town. I was a little bit disgusted whenI first heard that John Smith was going to run. Hehad always been a fairly good citizen we thouht, butnow he wanted to get mixed up in a lot of cheap politics. Wasn't he satisfied to run his law office and keephis front yard mowed, without wanting to hang aroundthe police station and haul away the garbage? Besidesit would hurt his business to try out ward politics. Ido not believe that I have overstated the case at all ; it isas typically American to look down on politicians asit is to eat ice cream and fear communism. We havecome to feel that no self respecting citizen will mess incity government unless he is ready to be called a grafterand ward heeler. It may look like a far cry from theRome-Berlin axis to city elections in Wheat City, Kansas; it may seem absurd to hold the menace of nationaldictatorship over your heard, because you refuse to visityour city council meeting. But I believe the path isclear and direct, and that we all make up the road crewwhich is paving the way with our lack of interest.Our whole governmental system was planned originally to bother us as little as possible. Many of ourancestors came to this country because they objected tothe governmental interference they had known in Europeand wanted to get away from it all. They started newlives in a country which was completely undeveloped.After they had chopped trees and cleared underbrush,they plowed virgin soil. Generally these people wereso busy feeding and clothing themselves that they workedduring all the hours of daylight and climbed into bedexhausted when it grew dark. There was land for thetaking and they spread out and cultivated at an amazingpace. If they couldn't get along with their neighborsthey moved on, becoming more and more self sufficient.For many years there were few basic needs that requiredunited cooperation. Of course government did have toexist and our people planned it for themselves, demanding chiefly that it interfere with them and their ordinaryaffairs as little as possible. The need for a national government came with the revolutionary war; the peoplewere already accustomed to state organization becausethe colonies had been administered in this fashion fromthe earliest days in America. Representatives were sentto the colonial legislatures and the same practice wasa matter of course for the later national assemblies. Welearn from the records that men were carefully chosenfor these offices, men of importance in the communitieswho had shown that they could be trusted to exercisegood judgment in private matters. There was so littlemonetary reward and the duties were so arduous thatwe feel reasonably certain these men worked from asense of duty and patriotism as well as for the reward ofprestige and power. Such offices have loomed so largein popular respect that it is usually conceded the nationalservice requires special ability and training.The situation with regard to local government israther different. Local governments were organized totake care of small pressing needs which each householdercould not manage for his own establishment unassisted. For example in New York City during the middle ofthe eighteenth century, local ordinances required eachcitizen to sweep the street in front of his house becausethe job would be ineffective if each home were left to itsown devices. Similarly, each seventh household was tohang out a lantern on dark winter nights to be financedby all seven. The needs were few and the entire revenue of the city was less than five thousand dollars ayear. Everyone did his part in community matterswhich were simple extensions of home upkeep, familyhealth and education. There was little prestige or gloryin such work; when there were regularly paying jobsin the city service it seemed they were of such caliberthat anyone could do them, and in fact anyone did. Thosewho had business of their own preferred to tend to itand let the city's work go to those who had nothing elseto do. With the spoils' system the theory grew that oneperson could do the work as well as another and thatthere was nothing technical or specialized about it. Citygovernment was nothing more than keeping your yardand house in good order, keeping your family withinbounds as regards his behavior and health; a simplehousehold problem multiplied by a hundred or athousand households as the city grew. Anyone at allcould do it and the citizens paid very little attention towho it was.Time went on and city life grew complicated; thefunctions of city government grew complicated. Justsit down and make a list of all the services you expectfrom your city officials and you may be surprised at thelength of it. We demand expert service in research atthe city library and in trash hauling at the back door.We want adequate milk inspection, traffic regulation anddog licensing. We are incensed if leaves gather in thegutters or holes in the pavement are ignored. The condition of my garbage pail is much more important to methan tariff bills and reciprocity measures. Pure drinking water may easily mean life itself. A large share ofthe American income goes to pay for these services,income which we normally watch very carefully. Andhere is a curious fact : we watch all of our money exceptthe tax dollars. I may spend a month of investigationbefore I buy a new kitchen stove and end possibly bysaving five dollars, triumphant as a victorious general.I do protest the taxes much more vigorously than I investigate the stove companies for a short time, but themoment I have handed over the money, I forget thematter entirely and pay no attention to what becomesof it. I can count on one hand the people I know whohave ever read their city's financial statement whichappears in the local newspapers. The budget meetingfor deciding city expenses is advertised, but the janitornever carries in extra seats to hold the crowds who havecome to find out something about where their dollarsgo. The old theory still holds that city management isan insignificant matter which anyone can attend to andthe citizens are still letting almost anyone do it.This situation is typical in many communities of thecountry. We believe that we are by birth made citizens(Continued on Page 24)NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESABOUT 700 freshmen are currently scurryingaround the quadrangles attempting to keep pacewith the schedule set for their week of orientation.The exact number is not quite certain; the admissionsoffice is busy writing certificates for late applicants.These freshmen represent the most rigorously selectedclass in the University's history. In all probability,the class will not be as large as last year's record breakingtotal of 765. The fact that some fifty freshmen wereadmitted in the middle of the winter quarter will cutthe total down to some extent. The drastic selection,however, will account for most of the decrease. Althoughthe new class will not be as large as that of last year,it will be bigger than the 1937 group. Among thesenew students are 35 presidents of high school classes;50 valedictorians, and 20 salutatorians. About 300 ofthem are receiving some form of scholarship assistance.In his greeting to the freshmen, President Hutchinscharged them with their responsibility for the "post-warworld." "No matter who wins the war, whether America goes into it or not, the peace and the task of reconstruction are much more important than the war itself,"he said. "You who will live in the post-war world,and who may well play a decisive role in it, must gainas much understanding as you can. You will need it all.It is hard to think that education is important when theworld is on fire. The temptation is to rush out and jointhe fire department. The trouble, too, is that almostanything we may do seems likely to pour oil rather thanwater on the flames. Even if we decide to do nothing,the noise and excitement of the conflagration are hardlyfavorable to the program you have before you."True education is one of the most difficult of allundertakings. As Aristotle pointed out long ago, learning is accompanied by pain. It is difficult in the bestof times. At times like these and like those we arelikely to have, it may seem to you almost impossible.Yet the hope that the rising generation will be moreenlightened than its predecessors is the only hope wehave. We know that the world has been brought to itspresent state by stupidity, ignorance, selfishness andgreed. To these forces the American universities standopposed. They are devoted single-mindedly to the searchfor truth and to assist the youth of our country to find it."So far, the war has had but minor repercussions onthe University. Jacob Viner, professor of economics,who has been a consulting economist to the governmentfor most of the last eight years (though he has not subscribed to many of the administration's policies) hasbeen lost to the University for the duration of the war.Mr. Viner is one of the three economists who has beencalled to Washington by Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau as consultant on monetary policies. The inspection trip of the Oriental Institute expedition whichDirector John A. Wilson planned to make this autumnhad to be postponed because of war conditions. But Dr.Harold H. Nelson, field director of the epigraphic and • By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20, JD'22architectural survey of the Institute in Egypt, sailed September^. The aerial survey which Dr. Erich Schmidt,field director of the Iranian expedition, which was tocontinue this autumn, has been suspended by the war.When hostilities began, more than a score of Universityfaculty members were abroad, in Europe and Asia. Someof them will not be able to reach the United States intime for the opening classes because of the confusionin transportation. Dean Charles W. Gilkey of the University Chapel, and his entire family, have been marooned in England.Jules Lespes, of the University of Brussels, who wasto be here in the autumn quarter as a visiting professorof political science, was patrolling the German borderwhen last heard from. There is no apprehension as tothe safety of those members of the faculty who are findingit difficult to make sailing arrangements.As a result of the war, a substantial number of Rhodesscholars probably will come to the University thisautumn. The Rhodes scholarships have been suspended ;the scholars who were to enter Oxford this autumn werenot permitted to sail and those already in England arebeing returned to the United States. When PresidentFrank Aydelotte of Swarthmore College, American secretary of the Rhodes Scholarship Committee, wired theUniversity asking for scholarship assistance for one lawstudent, the University replied that it would be glad toextend scholarship to all the Rhodes scholars who wantedto come. Half a dozen already have accepted.As President Hutchins has consistently emphasized —the last time in his annual report, "The State of theUniversity," which reached alumni in September— thegreat problem of the University is to maintain theeminence of its faculty in the face of declining endowment income. Approximately thirty appointments havebeen made in the College and Divisions as the Universityprepares for the start of its 48th year of operation. Someof the appointments in the higher ranks have alreadybeen noted in the magazine; as for example, that ofDaniel A. Prescott, authority on the relation of emotionto education, as professor of education. There have beenthree other recent additions to the department of education. C. L. Cushman, who is largely responsible forthe leadership of the Denver public schools in the secondary field has been added, with the rank of professor.After taking his Ph.D. degree from Ohio State University in 1927, Dr. Cushman was director of researchand assistant superintendent of the Oklahoma City publicschools before he went to Denver in 1931 as director ofresearch and curriculum. Herbert Abraham, head of thesocial science department of the George School in aPhiladelphia suburb, has been appointed assistant -professor. Dr. John L. Bergstresser, assistant dean of theextension division of the University of Wisconsin, and amember of the evaluation staff of the eight year studyprogram of the Progressive Education Association, alsobecomes an assistant professor.1920 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDr. P. Swings, Belgian astrophysicist who discoveredthe existence of iron in the nebulae of the universe, hasbeen appointed a visiting professor of astronomy. Hewill spend two months at the McDonald Observatory inTexas, which is staffed by Chicago astronomers, and fourmonths at Yerkes, giving advanced courses. Anotherappointment is that of Dr. Bruno Rossi, regarded as theleading European student of cosmic rays, who becomesresearch associate in physics. Late in August he headedan expedition to Colorado, to make measurements ofcosmic rays at various levels. Dr. Rossi comes to theUniversity because of what President Hutchins has described as the "determined ignorance" of the dictators.His family had been in Italy for more than a thousandyears, but the decrees of September, 1938, deprived himof his citizenship and his professorship at the new Physical Institute of Padua, which he planned and built.Eight members of the University became emeritus atthe end of September: Vice President Frederic Woodward, Harry A. Bigelow, John P. Wilson, professor oflaw, and dean of the Law School; Leonard E. Dickson,Eliakim H. Moore, distinguished service professor ofmathematics; Ellsworth Faris, professor and chairmanof the department of sociology; William B. Harkins, Andrew MacLeish, distinguished service professor of chemistry; George T. Northup, professor of Spanish literature; Frank E. Ross, professor of. practical astronomy,and Ernst R. Breslich, associate professor of educationand head of the University high school department ofmathematics.Mr. Woodward remains at the University as directorof the 50th Anniversary Celebration in 1941 (see page 5).Dean Bigelow continues to teach his courses on realproperty. Professor Dickson, distinguished for his workin algebra and the theory of numbers, plans to go toCalifornia. Professor Faris, one of the best knownsociologists in the country, whose interest and researchhave been broad, will remain in Chicago. A prominentworker in the field of physical chemistry, particularlyneuclar physics, Professor Harkins' last major projectwas the construction of a cyclotron. Dr. Harkins willact as a consultant to a large oil company. ProfessorNorthup, who is responsible for directing more candidates for the Ph.D. than any other member of the Humanities Division, will live in La Jolla, California. Theresearch of Dr. Ross, who has been concerned withobservational astronomy, has included the orbits ofsatellites, of the moon and of Mars ; photographic photometry and the discovery of variable stars. ProfessorBreslich has made major contributions to the teaching ofmathematics ; his books include eleven teachers' manuals,twenty-nine textbooks and books on methods of teachingmathematics, and six mathematics tests. He plans tocontinue his writing in these fields. Total service ofthese eight members of the University is 292 years. FrankN. Freeman, professor of educational psychology andsince last spring the chairman of the department ofpsychology, has resigned from the University to acceptan appointment as dean of the school of education andprofessor of educational psychology at the University ofCalifornia.Death took two active and two emeritus members ofthe faculty during the summer. James Weber Linn, so vital and sympathetic a teacher that he was the friend ofliterally thousands of alumni, died July 16 (see page 8).Algernon Coleman, professor of French, died August 9,the day before his 63rd birthday. Professor-emeritusof botany, Henry Chandler Cowles, died September 12,after several years of ill health. Ira M. Price, professor-emeritus of Semitic languages died September 18, inOlympia, Washington, at the age of 83.The summer quarter, offering perhaps the most significant educational program in its history, was a successfrom all standpoints. The attendance was slightly underthat of the preceding year, when the enrollment jumped;the twelve institutes on special fields and the two "educational workshops" around which the curriculum wascentered, were the most impressive offerings in the country. When President Harper began his summer utilization of the educational plant, competition was slight.Now every college, university, and teachers' training-school has a summer session. Some of them are a strangeblend of summer resort and education; many of themmake special inducements in the shape of easy requirements for degrees. In many of them school teachers canlearn how to watch a baseball game profitably or to geta Master's degree on pleasant terms. The University,however, has gone ahead on a strictly educational basis,appealing only to serious students and particularly tostudents who are specializing. The "workshops" inwhich teachers worked out curriculum and examinationproblems with the aid of an impressive group of experts,were so successful that the range they cover will beextended for next year.The University's two major efforts in radio, the"Round Table" and "The Human Adventure," made finerecords during the summer period. The "Round Table,"which begins its seventh year on the NBC national RedNetwork on October 15, now has the biggest audiencein its history, according to a national survey. It is estimated that approximately 3,500,000 people hear itsprogram every Sunday. The National Broadcasting Company has given this program a better time, alloting the1 :30 Central Standard period to it so as to remove theconflict with church services in the Middle West. Transcripts of the "Round Table" are selling at the rate of4,000 a week. "The Human Adventure," conceived byVice President Benton, made radio history. A dramaticshow, which adapted the production techniques of thebest commercial programs (see page 14), it was the firstone-hour educational show in broadcasting history.Begun as an experiment without any precedent to guideit, "The Human Adventure" improved steadily throughout the eight weeks of its run. It was so satisfactory tothe University, to the Columbia Broadcasting Systemwhich provided the facilities, and to the radio audience,that another series will begin sometime between Thanksgiving and Christmas on a half-hour basis.Notes : On her 80th birthday, July 29, the Chicago Chapter of the American Association of University Womengave Marian Talbot, dean emeritus of women a party inIda Noyes Hall. A $40,000 fellowship named in her honor,was formally presented at the dinner. . . The JJnitedStates government, for which Professor Harlan H. Barrows has done many important jobs, recently gave himanother big task. Harold L. Ickes, '97, JD'07, SecretaryTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 21of the Interior, appointed Dr. Barrows the planningconsultant of the Bureau of Reclamation, to direct theplanning for the settlement of the empire of 1,200,000acres which are being reclaimed by irrigation made possible by the Grand Coulee dam. Involved are the planningof communities and transportation, methods of colonizingthe land, determining farming and marketing plans, andcoordinating the efforts of local, state, and federal agencies. . . Ulrich A. Middeldorf, associate professor andacting chairman of the department of art, was electedpresident of the College Art Association this summer. . .The Chicago Lying-in Hospital of the University Clinicscompleted its fiscal year July 1 without a single maternalmortality in 2,748 deliveries. The Mothers Aid, a volunteer association of women who have effectively providedfor the advancement of the hospital, has given $3,000for a new formula room. The money is part of thatwhich the Mothers Aid has made through various activi-Music: CHORD.Voice: Greed is the root of all evil. Radix malorumest cupiditas.Music: CHORD.Voice: In Flaundres whilom was a compaignyeOj yonge jolk that haunteden jolye —As riot, hasard, stywes, and tav ernes,Where-as with harpes, lutes, and gyternesThey daunce and pleyen at dees bothe dayand night.Pardoner: In Flanders once there was a companyof men who were given to folly, riot, gambling, andtaverns. To the music of harps and lutes, they playedboth day and night.And each of them would laugh at the other's sins,while dancing girls — graceful and slim — wound theirway thru the crowd. Of this whole company, three werethe worst. The first one was known as the Bruiser;the second as Rudolph who could not speak; the thirdas the Young One. And these three decided one morning that they would find Death and slay him. Eachpledged his faith to the other, and together they beganto seek that unseen thief . . . Death. They had not gonehalf a mile on their way when they met an old mancrossing the stile of a fence. His face was browned bythe sun and his forehead was wrinkled with age. Hewore a long gown of sack cloth and he was all coveredsave for his face. The Bruiser was rough with the oldman.Bruiser: Look, comrades. See that shadow of anold man over there. His back is bent almost double andhe knocks on the ground with his staff. (CALLING)Old man. . . Old man, I say,M . . . How old are you?Old Man : I am as old as the world.Bruiser: Old as the world . . . and how have youmanaged to live so long ?Old Man : I have lived so long because, though I havewalked everywhere in this world to farthest India, Ihave never found anyone in city or village who would ties, including parties, the operation of the gift shop, andthe sale of their famous baby record book, "Our Baby'sFirst Seven Years." . . . Wilton M. Krogman, '26,Ph.D.'29, physical anthropologist and anatomist, is chairman of the newly appointed Council on Human Relations, which will direct 50 regional campaigns to reducethe devastation of forest fires. The Council was formedunder the auspices of the American Association for theAdvancement of Science. . . . John Manly, whose monumental researches on Chaucer are in process of publication by the University Press, was awarded the BiennialSir Israel Gollancz Memorial Prize by the BritishAcademy, chief among the world's learned societies. Theprize of £100 is awarded for published work of sufficientvalue on any subject connected with Old English orEarly English Language and Literature, or for originalinvestigation connected with the history of English literature or the works of English writers.change his youth for my age. And therefore, I muststill have my age for as long a time as it is God's will.Not even death — alas — will take my life. By your leave,I'll go now.Young One: Not so fast, old man. You spoke justnow of this traitor, Death, who is slaying our friendsthroughout the land. What do you know of him ? Wherecan we find him?Old Man : Am I to understand that you are seekingDeath?Bruiser: That is so.Old Man: Perhaps I could direct you to him.Bruiser : Do that and oblige us.Old Man : Gentlemen, if you are so eager to findDeath, turn up this crooked way, for in that grove Ileft him under a tree. There he will await you. Seeyou that oak on the horizon line? Now, good day,gentlemen, for I must be off. God be with you . . . andmay you be with him . . . soon.Music: UP AND THEN OUT.Bruiser: (FADE IN) Here it is. Here is the oakin the center of the grove. Here is where we shall findDeath, and slay him.Young One: (SEMI-WHISPER) I don't see anything.Bruiser: He may be on the other side of the tree.We'll approach cautiously. Slowly now. Slowly. Allright. Surprise him.Young One: There's no one here. But look!Bruiser: Caskets filled with —Rudy: Ugh — ugh.Bruiser: Be careful. Someone may be watching.Young One: Rudolph, get behind that tree andwatch.Sound: CLINK OF GOLD PIECES.Young One: Gold pieces. Gold pieces; fine new-minted gold pieces. I've dreamed of running my fingersthrough gold all my life; and here they are. Now Ihave them.ChaUCer On the Air (Continued jrom Page 16)22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBruiser: You have them!Young One: That is — we have them.Bruiser : Here, Rudolph, try one in your teeth.Young One : Is it good ?Bruiser: He can't bend it.Young One : Well, let us fill our pockets and be gone.Bruiser: Ay, we have them. And we'll split themequally . . . (SLOWLY) . . . we'll split them equally.Brothers, take heed of what I say. We must use ourbrains here. Now if this gold could but be carried hometo my house — or else to yours — for I think we all agreethe money belongs to us — then we could divide it easily.But certainly we can not do it in broad daylight.Young One: And why not?Bruiser : Because men would say we were robbers.Young One: They know us too well.Bruiser : And ere long we'd hang for the treasure.Young One: We can take it a bit at a time.Bruiser: No, I have a better plan. This treasuremust be carried home by night — cautiously and slyly.So I propose that the Young One shall go to town andpurchase wine and cheese while the remaining two ofus shall guard the treasure. And when it is night, wewill take the treasure to a spot we all agree upon.Young One: The plan appears good to me.Bruiser: Then hurry along as fast as you can.Music: IN AND OUT.Bruiser: There he goes, Rudolph ... a nice sort oflad in a way.Rudy: Ugh-ugh.Bruiser: Rudolph, you know that you are my ownsworn brother; and of all my friends I like you most.Rudolph, if this gold could be split into but two parts. . . Ah, you smile . . . you like it better that way. Allright. Now look. When he returns, what when hesits, then rise as if you were going to play with him,and while you struggle with him as in game, I shallthrust him through the side. And we shall divide thegold into but two parts. Is it agreed? I wonder howfar he's got by now.Sound: FOOTSTEPS ON GRAVEL OR COBBLESTONES.Young One: Spanish wine it shall be . . . and bottles.I shall need three bottles. Then for the gold. Oh Lord,if it is to be that I may have all this treasure for myself,I should count myself the happiest man alive under thethrone of the sky. But first to the apothecary's.Sound: CLIMB STEPS: DOOR OPEN.Young One: Good morrow, friend apothecary. Howbrightly shines the sun today, how green the grass. . .Apothecary: Good morrow.Young One: My home is sorely troubled with vermin, sir — rats . . . large ones. I wish a kind of poisonto rid myself of them.Apothecary : You shall have something which if anyliving creature in this whole world ate but the amountof a single grain of wheat, he should die in less time thanit would take you to walk ten feet.Sound: GURGLE, GURGLE, LIQUID POURINGINTO BOTTLE.Young One: There! The first bottle is finished . . . the poison mixes well with the wine. Now for thesecond.Sound: GURGLE, GURGLE.Young One : Two good bottles of choice wine for mycomrades and one for me which I shall mark carefully.Sound: FOOTSTEPS ON GRAVEL.Bruiser: (SEMI-WHISPER) Our brother is coming, Rudolph. Remember our plans. You are to engage him in a friendly game. He is hurrying fast andhas the wine under his arm. (TO YOUNG ONE)Good speed, brother, you are back soon.Young One: I hurried as fast as I could. Here aretwo bottles of wine for you. I am tired I tell you, andI shall welcome a little rest.Bruiser: Why don't you sit down on the north sideof the oak and drink your wine where it is shady?Young One: A good idea. The sun was warm.(PAUSE) What do you want, Rudolph? Oh, you wantto play. Go away, I tell you I'm tired.Bruiser: He is right, Rudolph.Young One: A little later, when I am rested.Bruiser : A little later.Young One: Right now I wish for . . . (STAB) Oh,what is it . . you've nicked me.Bruiser: Take this. (STAB).Young One: Oh! You . . . you cut-throats, you. . . you thieves . . . you want my gold . . . you . . .(STAB) Oh . . !Pause :Bruiser: Good work, Rudolph. (LAUGHS) Hewon't bother us any more, will he? Now let us celebrate with the wine he has brought for us. Open boththe bottles.Sound: BOTTLES OPEN.Bruiser: Open? Good. To the merry days ahead,Rudolph. We shall bury him later. And to our health.Say, there's a funny taste to this bottle. Here, try minewhile I try yours. Hm! Yours tastes the same way.Just the same. It's become devilishly warm, Rudolph.I think . . . I'll lie down for a spell; I'm very . . . tired. . . and sleepy . . . Guard the gold well ... for me.Music: IN AND FADE TO BACKGROUND.Pardoner : Thus I preach against the greatest of vices— greed. The three rioters found what they were looking for ... Death. Just as we each shall find what weeach look for. O cursed sin!Voice: (Background) O cursed synne, of alle cursed-nesse.Pardoner : O treacherous murder ! O wickedness !Voice : O Wikkednesses . . . O glotonye, luxurye, andhasardrye.Pardoner: Righteousness will ever triumph in theend. The way of the trespasser is foredoomed.Voice: (FOREGROUND) Now, goode men, Godforgeve you youre trespas. And ware you from thesynne of avarice. Myn holy pardon may you alle war-ice.Music: IN AND OUT.Voice 2: Greed is the root of all evil. Radix molorum est cupiditas.Orchestra : Up . . . TAG TO END.ATHLETICSr -* By DON MORRIS, '36THE 6—0 defeat which theMaroon football team suffered at the hands of CoachBud Means' little Beloit Collegesquad in the 1939 season openermade football history in that itmarked the first Chicago defeatsince the series between the twoinstitutions began in 1894. Otherwise it may well be disregarded.The upset took place in a day inwhich, incidentally, Coach AmosAlonzo Stagg's College of the Pacific Tigers chopped down California's Golden Bears 6 — 0 and Bradley Tech, of Peoria, 111., duplicatedthe 0 — 0 tie it accomplished againstChicago last year The victim thisseason was Illinois.Since Beloit has already playedand won one game, against Simpson, 14 — 0, and since Beloit had adozen lettermen to Chicago's eight,Coach Clark Shaughnessy expectedto have difficulty with the Wisconsin college. He did. Unexpected,however, were the two moments ofbrilliance which the Maroon organization offered as promise for future games. A dogged stand ontheir own two-yard line and a final-minute stampede which carriedthem seventy-five yards to the Beloitfive-yard line in thirteen plays constitute more than hints that the accumulating experienceof the rest of the season will be gathered to the accompaniment of larger figures on the Chicago end of thescoreboard.One of Chicago's chief problems, finding an end toplay opposite Co-captain Bob Wasem, was apparentlysolved in the opener by the emergence of Russ Parsons,brother of Keith Parsons, a name familiar to followersof Maroon sports. About the capabilities of Wasemthere have been no doubts. As a receiver, a kicker, arunner, and a defensive halfback, Wasem is one of Chicago's sure bets. CO-CAPTAIN BOB WASEM But the end who, in the finalthrilling minute of the Beloit game,caught three of Lou Letts' passesfor a total gain of seventy-one yardswas Parsons.Since 1924, the year Calvin Coolidge was elected to the Presidencyand the University of Chicago wonits "most recent Big Ten championship, the question on the lips ofevery follower of Chicago's fortuneson the gridiron has been, come autumn, "What does the team looklike this year?"Incidentally it will be remembered that the championship whichChicago won in 1924 was itsseventh unshared title and constitutes the largest number of unshared Conference championshipsheld by any Big Ten institution.The record will still belong to theMaroon team this year even ifMichigan, Minnesota, or Illinoiswins a clear title, since each of therunners-up has only five to date."What does the team look likethis year?" might be answered by aquasi-anthropometric description ofthe average Chicago player, a boywho was on the squad last year butdid not win a letter, who is 20 yearsold, stands five feet, eleven inches,and weighs 175 pounds. The teamis stronger this year, the Beloit game to the contrarynotwithstanding. The backfield is perhaps a bitweaker, on the score of lost lettermen, at least, butthe first-string line is probably sufficiently good to morethan make up for the loss of such backs as Captain Ha-mity, Sollie Sherman, Mort Goodstein, Ed Valorz,and Bob Meyer.And players like the fleet and dour-faced Co-captainJohn Davenport, the agile Bob Wasem, and the wiryLou Le,tts are no more to be discounted than are linemen of the caliber of Walter Maurovich, Dave Wiede-2324 THE UNIVERSITY OFmann, and Dick Wheeler, all of whom are back thisyear. Besides the "discovery" of Parsons, the encouraging note of the game was evidence that Bob Howard,who last year played every line position but center, isalso a capable fullback.On the other hand, the Maroon squad of thirty-fiveplayers is not only the smallest in the Big Ten but thesmallest on the Midway in at least twenty years. Whenthe time comes for Coach Clark Shaughnessy to call inreserves he will have a real problem on his hands. Itis still too early in the day to say whether the sophomores will be able to cope successfully with the job,although several look useful to Yancey Blade, inveterateMaroon follower. Blade is the red-bearded dreamerwho contends this is the year Chicago is due to defeatIllinois and win its first Big Ten game since the Wisconsin contest in 1936.According to Blade, chances that this event will occurare based on six abstruse calculations, to wit: 1. thegame has been switched to Stagg Field because of thePresidential shift of Thanksgiving Day (making sevenStagg Field games to one on the road) ; 2. Illinois willreel into the game after a battle with Ohio State whileChicago comes in after its contest with Oberlin; 3. Illinois this year is said to be weaker than it was lastyear when it shut out Chicago 34-0; 5. Chicago, withDavenport and Wasem at the helm, has a pair of co-captains for the second time in its 48-year football history, and the previous time was when Sam Whitesideand Bud Jordan were Chicago's first co-captains, in1936 when Chicago won its last Big Ten game; and 6.Paul Derr, a former Zuppke player and coaching staffmember, is now a member of Shaughnessy' s staff.However Blade may arrange his dope sheets, however, probably the highlight of the Maroon schedulewill be the Harvard game October 14. Although as thisis written the second contest, against Wabash College,is yet to be played, the Harvard meeting stands outbrightest on the Maroon docket.The Harvard game, billed as "the battle of the Lily-Whites, " provided a major if remote-control thrill lastyear when Chicago took an early lead, although the finaldefeat was handily accomplished by Coach Harlow'sCrimson team. But although Torbie MacDonald, Harvard's great halfback, is back this year along with achoice set of last year's regulars, Harvard got a tasteof Chicago's passing last year that is not yet forgot,particularly the receiving prowess of Wasem.This year Coach Shaughnessy has spent more timethan usual in pre-season practice in grooming his players in fundamentals of the game. The outstanding result apparent at this time is that instead of the 29-yards-per-punt kicking Chicago displayed last year five capablepunters, headed by Co-Captain Wasem, may be muchmore effective in keeping their team out of danger.The sophomores and other newcomers, on YanceyBlade's little card, which by the time this is printedmay be obviously the ones to keep an eye on, includeBill Leach, a small but alert quarter who comes fromCulver Military Academy ; Bob C. Miller, a husky end ;Milton Weiss, a transfer tackle from Notre Dame; BobDean, a fast halfback candidate; Tony Basile, • captainat Morton Junior College, and Ken Jensen, guards. CHICAGO MAGAZINETraining Soldiers for Democracy(Continued jrom Page 18)of a great republic. We are taught in the schools tounderstand national history, to revere leaders whobrought us glory in wars and peace. City history weignore, deplore or hasten to forget because we have letjust anyone manage it, when he had nothing else to do.And yet citizenship has its beginning in the communityand here is molded the viewpoint, enthusiasm andpatriotism of our people. Here are the roots of anefficient democracy.In the schools our small children should be taughtthat they are citizens of our towns. They can visualizethe government which they meet every day while theyare learning to do their part in making the town a goodplace to live in. They can visit the city hall, the waterplant and the police department. They can enjoy theparks which are meant for their pleasure. After theyhave been given a factual demonstration of governmentday by day, they are ready to learn citizenship on a bigscale. They are ready to learn that the United Statesis made up of thousands of communities just like theirs.No one can be a better citizen to the country than hecan be in his own community. It may be paltry to digdandelions in the yard and pick papers from the streets,but that is the essence of democratic citizenship. Thesevery acts can be made a symbol to the child that he islooking out for his own property, his own country.It will be a matter of real importance to know moreabout the officials who serve on our local governingboards; whether they are doing it to further the interests of all the residents or whether they are trying tobuild for themselves; whether they are handling- the taxmoney economically and intelligently or whether theyare spending it uselessly. With knowledge will comerespect for the worthy local official, a sense of the importance of his function and his preparation for the task.Citizens will personally supervise the corporation inwhich they have invested their tax money and keep graftout of the picture.I have begun again to think of John Smith in the nextblock who had a better understanding- of democracythan I did. He knew that democracy will succeedagainst any autocratic system only so long as the peopletake an active interest and so prevent the bankruptcyof the system. Certainly university people may well linethemselves up with him, as leaders in local government.For a dictator is not much more than a receiverappointed because the people cannot make their owngovernment succeed. Smith has been working in hisown ward to more effect than he might in Washington.Here he felt, right on the homegrounds the real battlecould be won more effectively than in national headquarters. And so in a crisis when democracy may bepitted against autocracy, if we plan well thousands ofsmall communities would offer defense. From the citywards and the counties will come the soldiers who havelearned what self government means.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 25Scientific Research (Continued jrom Page 12)The extent to which the economists of a century agomisgauged the outlook may be indicated by the fact thatthe population of Great Britain increased from 26.7 millions in 1840 to over 47 millions a hundred years later ;while that of the United States increased from 17 millions to nearly 130 millions. Meanwhile the per capitaproduction and per capita income, both in England andthe United States, rose three or four-fold. In the single30-yeaf period from 1899 to 1929 per capita productionin the United States increased by approximately 40 percent notwithstanding an average reduction in the lengthof the working day of about 13 per cent.The primary factor in this phenomenal expansion inproductivity has been the application of scientific knowledge to the processes of production. The economic potentialities of modern science could not possibly be foreseen a hundred years ago; and this unknown factor inthe situation largely explains the miscalculations ofeconomists with respect to the future. Basic scientificdiscoveries in the fields of physics, chemistry, etc. andthe technical inventions based thereon have enormouslyincreased the power of mankind over nature. Thesedevelopments have in effect multiplied our natural resources, thereby transforming the entire economic outlook.While the underlying principles of economics are basedupon natural forces, the economic system by means ofwhich productive activities are carried out is constantlyundergoing evolutionary change. In fact, the complexeconomic machine of today has undergone rapid evolution even in the course of our own life span. Thesechanges in the economic organism necessitate modifications in economic theory— for a static theory cannot constitute an adequate explanation of a dynamic situation.The extraordinarily rapid changes of the last halfcentury help to explain why economists are so oftenfound in disagreement. It has not as yet been possibleto assess the significance of all the changes which haveoccurred and to reformulate a body of thought whichsatisfactorily explains present-day economic phenomenaand commands universal agreement. The present situation presents a striking contrast to that of the middleof the last century when economic writers were in verygeneral agreement with respect to the basic principlesof economics.A second reason for the prevailing divergence of viewsamong economists is to be found in the tendency forscholars to adhere steadfastly to habitual patterns ofthought long after such thought has ceased to be relevant to the conditions existing at the time it originated.This tendency is more or less characteristic of all realmsof knowledge.The interpretative literature in any field ordinarilytends to grow by a process of accretion — without essentially modifying earlier theoretical foundations or affecting the general mould of thought. With the passage oftime, moreover, such a body of doctrine commonly tendsto take on something of a sacerdotal quality and to wina large number of devoted adherents. Some become im bued with a fundamentalist spirit and make it their mission to defend and preserve the accepted principles;others simply find it impossible to depart from theiraccustomed framework of thinking; their minds are notonly fettered by the system of thought on which theyhave been reared, but they are instinctively timid aboutcutting loose from their intellectual moorings.The history of human thought clearly indicates, however, that the vitally important contributions are as arule those which result from cutting athwart existinggrooves of thinking and which involve a general intellectual reorientation in the light of new knowledge andnew conceptions. I am touching here upon what I conceive to be a problem of absolutely fundamental significance. To the degree that we can succeed in maintaining flexible and open minds we shall make continuedprogress toward an understanding of the phenomena ofnature and of organized society.One of the greatest barriers to scientific advancementhas been the tendency to look upon science as a body ofexact knowledge, embodying principles and laws ofeternal verity. The human mind, or rather spirit, longsfor certainty, and it was the hope that as the proclaimeddoctrines of the authoritarian age were overthrown theadvance of science would unfold the laws of nature andreveal for our contemplation and satisfaction the ultimate truths of the cosmos. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries scientific writers in every field — in economics and government as well as in the realm of natural phenomena — sought to systematize and crystallizeknowledge in a body of fixed principles.But it has been found necessary as the years havepassed to qualify former generalizations in the light ofnew factual knowledge and new conceptions, and alsoin the light of organic changes in the phenomena underinvestigation. This last consideration is of especial importance in social fields where institutions and processesundergo such rapid evolution ; but it has to be takeainto account in all fields of study. Nothing altogetherendures; even mathematical analysis owing to conceptual changes has undergone profound modification in thelast half century. As summarized by Whitehead :The progress of science has now reached a turningpoint. The stable foundations of physics have brokenup. . . . The old foundations of scientific thought arebecoming unintelligible. Time, space, matter, materialether, electricity, mechanism, organism, configuration,structure pattern, function, all require reinterpretation.The argument is frequently heard that economics cannot hope to be scientific because one's conclusions arelargely a reflection of one's philosophical attitude or personal preference — and that everything is a mere matterof opinion. It is unfortunately true that many so-calledeconomists let their personal or political predilectionsdetermine their economic conclusions. However, thegreat body of professional economists are operating on adifferent plane than this.The primary objective of professional economics is toanalyze the forces, factors, and conditions which make26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEfor maximum production of goods and services. Thusthere is a clearly defined test by which to gauge the results of economic policies, both public and private —namely, by their effects upon productivity. In analyzing the effects of economic policies upon wealth production it is essential also to consider the distribution ofgoods and services because the way in which income isdistributed may react back upon the productive process.In the light of this conception, it is apparent that theconclusions reached are not mere expressions of personalpreference on the part of an author, or evidence of conservatism,, liberalism, or radicalism, as the case may be.The one fundamental assumption underlying economicsis that increased productivity and progressively higherstandards of living are desired by the people. Whetherhigher standards of living are good for people is a question which economists should properly leave to philosophers. Thus conceived, economics is solely analytical.So long as the student of economics pursues, unwaveringly, the objective of ascertaining the effects of economic forces, factors, and institutions upon wealth production, he is proceeding in the true spirit of science.The achievement of higher standards of living depends basically upon the combined influences of thefollowng factors: (1) natural and human resources;(2) scientific discoveries; (3) inventions; (4) engineering applications; (5) business organization andmanagement; (6) the economic system; and (7> thegovernmental system. Scientists, inventors, engineers,business managers, and professional students of economics and government are in final analysis cooperating in a common objective — that of increasing the capacity of mankind to satisfy their wants.Each of these groups naturally likes to think of itselfas of primary importance; but the sanest conception isthat each group is an essential part of a larger whole.Scientific discoveries would not yield practical results ifwe did not have invention; patented technological apparatus and devices would be impotent were it not forengineering applications to productive processes; engineering can only function in conjunction with a business enterprise which appraises the feasibility of thedevelopment in relation to other factors of productionand the potentialities of profit and loss; the individualbusiness enterprise will be thwarted if the economic system is defective; and the functioning of the economicsystem is in turn dependent upon the character of thegovernmental organization which has been developed.As a result of a combination of developments, whichcannot here be summarized, these various factors cameto work together so effectively as to give us a century ormore of phenomenal progress. As we look forward continued advancement will depend upon the degree towhich we can continue to make these interrelated partsof the complex society in which we live work effectivelytogether. I venture to suggest that the surest meansof resolving the prevailing confusion of our time andof finding solutions to the baffling problems now confronting civilization lies in a reintegration of knowledgethrough the systematic study of the various field ofscience conceived as an interrelated whole. Dear Old Grad"(Continued jrom Page 9)Oh, it's awful to be thinking of these, old, old ladies thereIn the places long devoted to the maidens sweet and fairWhom we worshipped in the spring-time — does it seemso long ago?For those places are all altered, the old halls you wouldnot know:By the moonlit Old MidwayWhere at eve we used to strayMurmuring softly, "dear, I love you" in your celebratedway;No one now's allowed to stayUnder thirty so they say,And the poor old moon is frightened and has hid herselfaway !So don't waste your wails, dear Charley, you're betteroff than we.Always hustled by the elbow of the omnipresent she;But we're looking toward the coming of that brightOctober dayWhen we'll hail the queens returning, who just now arefar away;Then hurrah for the Midway!For the maidens grave and gay,For the classes and the lasses, one to cut and one to win ;It's then — how sad to say —You will weep, but not today,For the Summer Quarter's Hades on the Old Midway!August 6, 1897 James Weber Linn, '97.[From the University oj Chicago Weekly]The Alumni and the 50th(Continued jrom Page 7)fully. But will the entire alumni body be with us ? Thecommittee set about to find out.By this time summer was almost gone. On the daybefore Coach Shaughnessy's boys reported, John Nuveensent a letter to alumni asking, "What do you think?""Nuts," said one."We're all for it," said twenty others."Oh, yeah?" said another."What can I do to help?" asked fifty others.The Committee went ahead with its plans. It watchedits organization schemes go through a number of versions. Subcommittees which had been appointed beganto operate. Gradually the idea of the Alumni Committee worked its way out and across country. Nationalcommitteemen started thinking about the general problem of alumni participation in the Anniversary Celebration. The headquarters group, seeing the road moreclear ahead, decided to make its formal announcement.That announcement is the answer to the original question of what should the alumni do. It gives the background for the formation of a new alumni organizationand outlines its immediate program. Your copy shouldreach vou soon.NEWS OF THE CLASSES1896Since January 1933 John Hulsarthas been president of Manasquan National Bank in Manasquan, N. J. Hehas served as vice-president of the Manasquan Chamber of Commerce.John F. Voigt, who is in the activepractice of law in Chicago, served aspresident of the Illinois Bar Association in 1937-1938.1897Charles Joseph Chamberlain,PhD, professor emeritus of botany atthe University of Chicago, is the authorof several books — Elements of PlantScience and Methods in Plant Histology and others.He is honorary member of theBotanical Society of India and wasformerly president of the BotanicalSociety of America.W. E. Garrison, PhD, has just finished the last of a series of four reliefsin bronze for Butler University, Indianapolis. He is Associate Professorof Church History at the University.1898After retiring as librarian of the Public Library of Rochester, New York in1931, William F. Yust becamelibrarian of Rollins College, WinterPark, Florida. For two years Mr. Yustwas president of the Florida LibraryAssociation.1899Corinne L. Rice, JD '08, is associated with the law firm, Hubbard,Baker and Rice, 1 N. LaSalle St., Chicago, 111. She is a member of theAmerican Bar Association, Chicago BarAssociation, Illinois Women's Bar Association and the Illinois Bar Association.With the longest tenure in one placeof any superintendent in Iowa GeorgeHoyt Sawyer has been superintendentof schools in Osage since September1901. Twice he has served as president of the N. E. Iowa Teacher's Association and vice president of the StateAssociation once. Mr. Sawyer is pastGrand Chaplain of the Grand Lodge ofIowa.1901Florence Foster, PhD, retired college professor, has been assisting youngcolleges in gaining higher recognitionduring the last ten years. She has akeen interest in cacti and astrology andhas a collection of one hundred andfifty cacti and succulents.1902James R. Henry is general managerfor the National Biscuit Companybakeries in Los Angeles.1904John B. Hamilton, AM, has beenon the faculty of the University of Tennessee since 1905 and the head ofthe department of mathematics since1927. He supplements his teachingwith reading Homer.Since 1922, William W. Martin,AM '22, has been professor of phy etiology in The Woman's college, TheUniversity of North Carolina.1905On January 1, 1939 Paul G. Heine-man, PhD '07, retired from activeservice as director of BacteriologicalResearch for the Winthrop ChemicalCompany. Mr. Heineman is wellpleased with the taste of his retirement.He is living at home, 24 BelvidereAve., Albany, New York.1906Abie N. Fletcher is instructor ofhistory at Long Beach Junior College,Long Beach, California.1907Paul O'Donnell, JD '09, a lawyerin Chicago, was formerly director ofthe Boy's Brotherhood Republic andThe Anti Cruelty Society.1908Robert E. Buchanan, PhD, is Deanof Graduate College at Iowa State College and also Director of the IowaAgricultural Experiment Station.1909John W. Shideler, AM '21, staterepresentative for the Macmillan Publishing Company in Kansas and Nebraska, spends much of his spare timeworking with his roses and shubberyat 1298 Medford Ave., Topeka, Kansas.1910Irwin N. Walker although generalcounsel and secretary of the CurtissCandy Company, finds time to raise irisand peonies. Formerly he was assistant states attorney, a member of thespecial commission of the Probate Courtand vice-president and member of theBoard of Education.1911Arthur L. Adams, JD '14, is practicing law in Jonesboro, Arkansas. Hehas appeared in all courts — state, federal, United States supreme court. Heis the immediate past president ofCraighead County Bar Association. Mr.Adams is also the past president ofthe Lions club.Mason Houghland is the presidentof the Spur Distributing Companywhich operates throughout the easternhalf of the United States. "Master ofHounds" is the self-appointed title hegives himself and we add that one ofhis most enjoyable sports is fox-hunting.27 1912Ruth Delzell (Mrs. Thomas E>.Allen) is now living at 2329 PioneerRoad, Evanston, 111.1913Cecil Van Steinberg (Mrs. Winters Haydock), Burlingame, California,has her hands full these days takingcare of her adopted daughter, Susan.who was two years old on August 19th.1914[The Class of 1914 celebrated its Silver Anniversary from June 8 to 11. Withthe reunion slogan, "No speeches ! Nocontributions! Talk! Talk! Talk!"the major portion of four days andnights were spent in reminiscence.Proud of the class loan fund that hadgrown from $500 in 1914 to nearly$5,000 in 1939, proud of their sixteenmembers who rated biographies inWho's Who in America, their primeobject in getting together was to renewthe friendship of former years and fromall reports this object was most gloriously accomplished.]BE IT KNOWN THAT WILLIAMH. LYMAN, a member of the Class of1914 of the University of Chicago hasfor twenty -five years supervised the1914 Undergraduate Loan Fund in suchmanner that it has increased almostten-fold; that in addition he has collected substantial sums for the furtherance of four Class Reunions; that byhis tireless effort and the support hehas evoked from his classmates, fourhundred and eight students of the University of Chicago have been enabledto continue their education and, thereby, the teachings of our Alma Materhave been advanced and multiplied.In token of our esteem for this unselfish devotion, we, his Classmates, inour Twenty-fifth Reunion assembled,do hereby award him the degree ofMOST USEFUL MEMBER HonorisCausa and do commend him to men ofgood will everywhere as a loyal exponent of the ideals of our University.Given at the University of Chicagothis eleventh day of June NineteenHundred Thirty Nine.Rudy D. Matthews,President.Attest:—Earle A. Shilton, Chairman 1939.Howell W. Murray, Chairman 1924-34.William Hereford Lyman, 630Nottingham PI., Westfield, N. J., hasbeen managing property for 25 years.First, he was at The University of Chicago for 15 years; then, for three yearshe did similar work within Chicagoproper ; and since 1933, he has beenProperty Manager for the PrudentialInsurance Company.28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe following letter is a reprint of aletter sent by an absent 14er:Dear Mr. Lyman,I am sending you herewith encloseda draft for U. S. $50.00, being my contribution to the Class of the 1914Undergraduate Loan Fund. Had it notbeen for the numerous war and refugeecontributions and the extra-ordinarilyhigh rate of exchange for United StatesDollars (Chinese $6.20 equal to U. S.$1.00), I would have contributed more.However, such conditions can not lastlong and there are chances for me todo better in future.I will not be able to attend our Reunion in June 1939 for our SilverJubilee Celebrations, although I wishvery much to do so.Please give my best regards to allmy classmates so assembled and alsoconvey to them my willingness to render any service they may so need inthis part of the world.With best compliments, I am,Hunfy D. Lee,292 Columbia Road,Shanghai.June Loel Adams (Mrs. Earl H.Horner), 2326 E. 69th St., Chicago,previously taught English in Olney, 111.,but now is occupied with being a housewife.Esther Aldray (Mrs. FredWright), 6633 Gardenia Ave., LongBeach, Calif., taught school for 6 yearsafter completing her college years. In1920 she married and is the mother ofthree children.Jay Bowen Allen, Sioux Falls,S. D., coupled his reunion visit withthe graduation of the oldest of his fourchildren, Judson "Judd" Wells Allen,from the University of Chicago. Mr.Allen entered the family business realestate loans and insurance upon hisgraduation and is Vice president andGeneral manager of this firm today.Gracia Alling (Mrs. Wm. F.Tuttle), 615 Washington Ave., Glenco,111., was on the staff at the Chicago ArtInstitute for 6 years, but the other yearshave been filled with the duties ashousewife and mother.Juliette Ames (Mrs. George C.Fetter), lives at 716 Tenth AvenueSoutheast, Minneapolis, Minnesota.Consistently an investment salesmansince 1914 except for 8 months in theU. S. officers training camp, Harold S.Anderson, unmarried, lives at 6648Newgard Ave., Chicago.Leland H. Anderson, MD '16, 749Oak Ave., Aurora, 111., interned atCook County hospital; spent one yearin the Medical Corps, USA. Mr. Anderson is the past president of KaneCounty Medical Society.Ruth B.'Aten, 2 N. Newark Ave.,Atlantic City, N. J., has been teachingschool since graduation in Mason City,Iowa; State Normal Potsdam, NewYork; High school Atlantic City.Willard E. Atkins, JD T8, 59Morton St., New York City, is chairman of the Economics department atWashington Square College, New YorkUniversity. Prior to this he served: in the army, as teacher at the University of Chicago and the University ofNorth Carolina; in the United StatesGovernment service. Mr. Atkins,author of numerous books in economics,enjoys golf as well as writing."Busy and happy with my family,Marion Babcock (Mrs. Reginald L.Jones) writes us. She is now livingat 190 Oakridge Avenue, Summit, NewJersey and her husband is an engineerfor the Bell Telephone Laboratories,New York City.Mariam Baldwin (Mrs. Earle A.Shilton), co-chairman with her husbandof the 25th Reunion resides at 5811Dorchester Ave., Chicago."The Mexicans are very lovable"states Florence Barrett, 2625 Fen-wood Rd., Houston, Texas, who is thewife of George Wr. Whiting of the English department of Rice Institute. Shespends her spare time in settlementwork.When Edna Bell graduated, shemoved to Sacramento, Calif, and in1919 married W. A. Smith. Her present address is 1225 42nd Street, Sacramento, Calif.The first weather forecaster for thefirst American Army in 1917, wasHolly Reed Bennett. After the armistice, for several years he was in Texasand Argentina in geological work. Today Mr. Bennett, unmarried, is salesmanager for Sills, Troxel & Minton,Inc., Investment Securities.Twenty-four years after graduationGenevieve Bishop (Mrs. HarryStone), came to campus for one years'work and is now instructor in SocialCase Wrork at the University of Michigan.Wm. B. Bos worth, 6031 KimbarkAve., Chicago, has been busy since hisgraduation. Secretary, Athletic Dept.,U. of C. ; Government Savings director,7th Federal Reserve District; Assistant to president Peoples Trust & Savings Bank, Chicago; Assistant Secretary, Chicago Board of Trade. Hisson, Wm. B. Jr., attended the University of Chicago.From the Lolo country of Tibet wehave received word of L. Emma Brodbeck, foreign missionary in charge ofa Girl's school, Yaan, Sikany, WestChina. "I'm still walking, and enjoyinga good day's climb as much as I usedto enjoy a level mile in Chicago." MissBroadbeck has traveled farther inlandthan any white woman has ever goneand where few men have traveled. According to her letter she was reallyroughing it. She sailed for Americaon June 6th from Shanghai.And Helen Jane Brooks (Mrs.Standish Hall), 340 N. Roosevelt,Wichita, Kans., states that she enjoys"trying to keep up with the masculineconversation around the table."Isabel Kendrick Cannon (Mrs.Charles PL) now lives at Edgewood,Michigan City, Ind., with her husbandand two children, Charles and William.Ralph W. Carpenter, MD '16, 312S. 5th St., Geneva, 111., has been in private practice in Geneva since 1920. RESEARCH for SERVICEThis country leads the worldin telephone service, becauseit leads in telephone research.Thousands of scientists, engineers and assistants areconstantly at work in theBell Telephone Laboratoriesto make the service faster,clearer and more economical.BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEM/3X A X<$\He is a former president of the KaneCounty Medical Society.Since graduation, Margaret S.Chaney, chairman of the departmentof Home Economics at ConnecticutCollege, New London, has taught innine states, traveled, and written andrevised a book on nutrition.Aruba B. Charlton, 406 S. H olden,Warrensbury, Mo., has been teachingat the Central Missouri State TeachersCollege for a number of years.Emma Clark (Mrs. Walter O'Halloran, 1834 E. 72nd St., Chicago, hastwo children, Patricia 12, and Clark 7,who are "headed for the University ofChicago." She is a president of theSouth Shore American Red Cross andpresident of the South Shore BetterFilms Council.Benjamin V. Cohen, JD '15, Interior Bldg., Washington, D. C, tellsus that the stories about him and theNew Deal are misleading. He statesin his letter to us that he has only triedto bring into the New Deal the traditions of the class of 1914.Professor of Biological Chemistry isEdwin J. Cohn's official title at Harvard. This is the man who won theNational Research Council Fellow inCopenhagen and Cambridge. Remember? He received his PhD in 1917.Yes, since '14, Thomas S. Coleman,Madison, Wisconsin, has been with theMadison-Kipp Corporation of the sametown. He has directed several of thecampaigns of the Republican Party inWisconsin during the past ten years.After leaving the U. of C, RobertaP. Cooke (Mrs. Wiersema), 11335Union Ave., Chicago, secured her degree at the Chicago Musical College.While teaching music in the highschools in Chicago, she is taking graduate work at DePaul University Schoolof Music.Marie Cossum (Mrs. Herbert A.Wildman), 304 W. 3rd St., Sterling,111., is now an elementary schoolteacher. Mrs. Wildman goes on recordas saying that she greatly enjoyed theUniversity of Chicago.One of the familiar faces on campus,Merle C. Coulter, PhD '19, Professorof Botany, considers tennis, billiards,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 29and gastronomy as three things he likesbest to do. His daughter, Prudence, isa sophomore at the University of Chicago.Lulu Coy (Mrs. Chas. N. Jordan),121 Selma Avenue, Webster Grove,Missouri, is occupied with being ahousewife. She has twin girls in schoolat St. Louis University."Pop" is the only honorary titleStephen R. Curtis, JD T6, claims thathe has accumulated since he left college. While he practices law here inChicago, he enjoys sleeping and eatingbetter.Willard Dickerson, General Manager Ohio Bell Telephone Company,has a chief interest — sleeping in hischair. Mr. Dickerson and his wifeHarriet Quthill report five childrenin the Dickerson home at 2259 St.James Parkway, Cleveland Heights,Ohio.Gladys Ditewig, 218 Cooper Blvd.,Peoria, I1L, as you may remember married a Chicago PhD, Verne F. Swaim.She has been active in the Peoriabranch of the American Assoc, of University Women serving as president oneyear.Alice Y. Dorsey, 112 Clay St., isnow teaching high school in Henderson, Ky.Leah May Drake (Mrs. D. M.Stahr), 819 Caldwell St., Piqua, Ohio,transferred to Northwestern after heryear at Chicago to study music. Shevvon honorable mention for local publicity work for the Red Cross duringthe World War and served as district chairman of Child Welfare work of theOhio Federation of Women's clubs.In January, 1920, Elsa Duden-hoefer was made Director of Occupational Therapy Department, MilwaukeeChildren's Hospital, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and she is holding the sameposition today.Bernice C. Eddy, 6318 South Maple-wood Ave., Chicago, is principal ofTonti Elementary School, Chicago. Sheis still going to school every day andhas 827 children — pupils of the elementary school — and many more whoare grown.Mary Elizabeth Ellis (Mrs. HenryJ. Lottmann) works as librarian atWoodruff. High School, Peoria, 111.,but spends her leisure time gardening.Harry B. Embleton, 1528 VirginiaSt., Charleston, W. V., went into thecoal business subsequent to graduationand is now president of the ImperialCoal Company.In Denver, Colorado, Mrs. GertrudeWight Eskridge is State Supervisor ofHome Economics in Adult Education.Sara Fallon, wife of one of Water-town's leading physicians, Dr. M. J.Kelley, 116 Main St., took her mastersat Columbia in 1919, taught in the Boston Public schools for a while but isnow "at home."Susanne Fisher, 1151 E. 56th St.,Chicago, although a vocational adviserfor many years is pleased when she canfind time to "sit."Ralph H. Fletcher who is personnel officer and director of athletics atSt. Johns Military Academy in Dela- field, Wis. has been employed theresince 1914.Rachel M. Foote is Dean of Students (2100 of them) at the ForestAvenue high school at Dallas, Texas.She is very active in the work of theAmerican Association of UniversityWomen and spends her vacations intravel.Eunice Temple Ford (Mrs. T. B.Stackhouse), 1511 Laurel, Columbia,S. C, received her AM in 1927. Anhonorary degree, Doctor of Education,was conferred on her by LimestoneCollege at commencement in 1932.Mary Louise Foster has retiredfrom the faculty of Smith College andis living at 1A Acorn St., Boston, Mass.She served as professor of Bio-chemistry until 1933 with time out for teaching American laboratory methods inthe University of Madrid in 1920-22and in 1927. She was director of Santiago College, Chile, in 1932.Mary Letitia Fyffee, 5745 HarperAve., Chicago, wife of Robert V. Merrill, Assistant Professor of French atthe University, is a housewife and"likes it."Agnes Gardner (Mrs. Geo. A. But-trick), 960 Park Ave., New York City,has three children in school. Her husband is pastor of Madison Ave. Presbyterian Church, New York.Celia Glickman, 165 N. Pine Ave.,who is a teacher in the Chicago grades,gets real pleasure in conducting harmonica bands and glee clubs.Elva Goodhue, Columbia, Ky., tookher MA at Columbia University in. . . . WITH THE OLD-TIMEFLAVOR FOLKS HANKER FOR!SWIFT'S BROOKFIELD ' SWIFT'S BROOKFIELDPure Pork SAUSAGE °? Pure Pork SAUSAGEin Patties There's a tempting promise in the air . . .a fragrance that tantalizes freshly-wakenedappetites . . . when Swift's Brookfield PurePork Sausage is on the breakfast menu.Selected cuts of pork, delicately seasoned,give this famous sausage its old-time flavor.Rigid temperature control in manufactureand delivery keeps it deliciously fresh.Enjoy Swift's Brookfield Sausage oftenthis fall and winter. Ask your neighborhooddealer for a pound today. in LinksSWIFT & COMPANYVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBLACKSTONEHALLanExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALLS748 TelephoneBlackstone Ave. Plaza 3313Verna P. Werner, DirectorPETERSONFireproof WarehouseSTORAGE — MOVINGForeign — DomesticShipments55th & Ellis Phone, MID 9700 1926. She has taught Chemistry atJudson College, Greenville Woman'sCollege, Chistian College, GreensboroCollege, Queens College, Dodd College.Today she is teaching at LindseyJunior College.Lilian R. Gray, Chicago Woman'sclub, 72 E. 11th St., Chicago, teachesn-nglish at Harrison high school. MissGray has traveled through the BritishIsles, Mexico, Holland, Belgium, andFrance.Phyllis Greenacre, MD '16, 345 E.68th St., New York City, is the professor of Clinical Psychiatry at CornellMedical College having spent 11 yearsat Johns Hopkins Hospital and MedicalSchool.Dorothy Grey graduated from RushMedical College in 1922 and has beenpracticing medicine in Belfast, NewYork, for the past ten years.Edith Duff Gwinn, Philadelphia,Pa., upon securing her MA at ColumbiaUniversity after completing her workat Chicago, became interested in Employment service. Today she is specialassistant, Junior Employment Service,The Board of Public Education, Philadelphia.And next we find on our list theAssistant Director of the Bureau ofInvestigation of the American MedicalAssociation, Bliss O. Halling, 6350Kenwood Ave., Chicago."Knitting children's sweaters" isClaire Agnes Hanaford's most pleasurable task. Sister Agnes Claire is anun at St. Mary's Convent (Episcopal), Kenosha, Wis.At the present time Leo L. Hardt,MS '15, MD '17, is Professor of Medicine, Loyola University and ConsultingGastro-enterologist, Municipal Tuberculosis Sanitarium. He is the father oftwo girls and believe it or not likesto farm.Rollin Nelson Hargar is now salessupervisor in the Chrysler Sales Corporation, Detroit, Michigan.Harvey L. Harris is General Manager of the Minneapolis DredgingCompany located at Ogallala, Nebraska,where, outside of Fort Peek, they arebuilding the largest earth fill dam inthe United States. He sends the following blanket invitation to the class:''If any HER writing or wiring, he orshe or they will stop off, enroute theFrisco Fair, I'll meet them, furnishhorses, food and fun as long as they'llstay. And I do mean you!""Working hard and getting nowherefast," is the word sent to us fromMaurice L. Heller, 1131 E. 50th St.,Chicago. He is an executive officer inSwank Products, Inc., ManufacturingJewelers.Retired to Franklin Grove, 111. afterteaching school in the city of ChicagoMaud Minnie Adella Helmershau-sen was president of the day of the1835-1935 Centennial of FranklinGrove.Mrs. Leone Hemingway McRey-nolds, Eddingston Court, Port Arthur,Texas, writes, "Since 1916, I have livedin this grand state of Texas where ,oiland water mix." She is a widow andhas one son graduating from Vander- SCHOOL DIRECTORYART STUDENTS LEAGUE OF N. Y.Painting, drawing. Sculpture, Commercial Art.Day and Evening Classes. Registration at anytime during the year. Write for Catalogue B.215 West 57th Street, New Yobk, N. Y.bilt University and one daughter attending the University of Texas.B. Clifford Hendricks, SM, University of Nebraska department ofChemistry, celebrated the twenty-fifthanniversary of the receipt of his firstgraduate degree by attending the 197Convocation of the University of Chicago.Dr. Gaylor R. Hess, MD '18, 6636Woodlawn Ave., Chicago, has beenengaged in Industrial Surgery since1932 as Medical director for the Sherwin-Williams Paint Company.Margaret Higgins (Mrs. Ernest L.Johnson), 1435 Dempster St., Evanston,111., taught history for 9 years aftercompleting her work at the University.Now a wife and mother, she still hastime for research work, P. T. A. work,the Woman's Republican club, andstamp collecting.Dorothy Higgs (Mrs. H. EarlHoover), 1801 Green Bay Road, Glencoe, Illinois, is occupied with the dutiesof a housewife and mother of threechildren.Ethel M. Hilliard, principal of theSchool for the deaf at West Trenton,N. J., has been teaching the deaf foryears. She has traveled extensivelyabroad, and has an adopted daughterwho attends high school.A. Himmelblau, 110 S. DearbornSt., has been one of Chicago's activeCertified Public Accountants for the last20 years.Letta D. Horner is living in Red-field, Iowa, caring for her aged parents,but finding time to coach dramatic playsand publish The Yellow Jacket Booklet-Readings.Cora Hough (Mrs. Robert D. McCord), 555 M. D. Woodruff Place,'Indianapolis, Ind., has three children,Joan, Doris, and Robert."To see the changes and marvel atthe greater Chicago," is HerbertSpencer Jones' 2025 West 4th PI.,Gary, Ind., reason for revisiting thequadrangles. Having taught school formany years, he is now superintendent ofschools, Gary.The only woman in Michigan to receive the Master Farmer Award,Sarah Van Hoosen Jones, Rochester,was granted her degree from the University of Chicago in French. She alsohas an MS in Animal Husbandry anda PhD in genetics from the Universityof Wisconsin.Amelia Kandzia, 4417 W. AinslieSt., Chicago, since 1930 has lived inCleveland, Los Angeles, and New Orleans, having taught school in Chicagopreviously. Her married name is Mrs.Wm. Reilly and she has one boy 11.Dr. Oliver P. Kimball, 940 HannaBldg., Cleveland, Ohio, is nationallyknown for his work in goiter. His son,Bill, is a student at the University andthe Doctor is the immediate past president of the Cleveland Alumni Club.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 31. . . . ANDnp^^ n aw W^ MTS only human to want toV 11 %W MJ JLF own things . . . and just as humanto want to keep them. But as youacquire material possessions . . .a home, furnishings, business,automobile, jewelry, furs, etc ... you are constantly facedwith the possibility of losing them by fire, explosion, embezzlement, accident and other hazards. The logical solution is insurance . . . thereis a policy available against practically every haz- l51'TO¥3Bflard that threatens your financial welfare. Consult lYiilQn^S!]the North America Agent in your vicinity. !SsMSInsurance Company ofNorth AmericaPHILADELPHIAand its affiliated companieswrite practically every form of insurance except lifeDr. Robert W. Kispert, 430 S. VanBuren, Green Bay, Wisconsin, writesthat he is "Gratified when a Chicagoteam wins even a fencing contest."Max M. Kulvin, 6930 S. Shore Dr.,Chicago, after receiving his MD atRush in 1916 and the Certificate of theAmerican Academy of Ophthalmologyand Otolaryngology, became Chief ofEye, Ear, Nose, and Throat departmentat Edward Hines Hospital, Hines, 111.William H. Kurzin, SM 'IS, 1631W. Roosevelt Rd., Chicago, has beenteaching since 1914. For 2 years hewas connected with the McKinley highschool in Honolulu, Hawaii, and thenwas on the faculties of Lake Forest andCrane Junior College. Since 1933, hehas taught at Herzl Junior College.Anna F. Lesher, 453 Orange St.,Northumberland, Pa., has traveled extensively throughout the North American continent and yet she has taken timeto have a hobby, "going back to school"for graduate work at Bucknell and theUniversity of Pennsylvania.Until 1928 Lillian MargueriteLarsen (Mrs. William C. Tragnitz),103 Robsart Rd., Kenilworth, 111., taughtEnglish in one of the Chicago highschools. At that time she resigned andconcentrated on her tasks as housewife.William B. Leach, 323 JeffersonAve., Niagara Falls, N. Y., subsequentto receiving his SB in '14, graduatedfrom M.I.T. in 1916 in chemical engineering. Today he is manager of TheMathieson Alkali Works, Inc., NiagaraFalls.James E. Lebensohn, MS '15, MD'17, 58 E. Washington St., Chicago, 111.,is connected with Cook County Hospital as Ophthalmologist.Helen Adelaide Lee (Mrs. H. F.Hayslette), 3834 Ellis Ave., Chicago,since leaving the University has taughtschool and managed lunch rooms. Shehas one daughter, Helen K. Hayslette.George S. Leisure, 2 Wall St.,N. Y. City, began his law practice inthe office of Charles E. Hughes, NewYork City, 1919. Then in 1932 he wasassociated with Clarence Darrow indefense of Fortesque-Massie murdercase, Honolulu T. H. Five years laterhe was the chief defense counsel inFederal Trade Commission vs. TheCement Institute and 75 cement companies. Who's Who will fill in the gaps.Just another "globe trotter !" HelenA. Leonard, 3317 N. Lakewood, Chicago, is employed in the advertisingfield.Mrs. Virginia Folkes Lewis is nowHving at 120 S. Euclid Ave., Oak Park,HI. She has two sons in college, oneat Carleton, one at Northwestern.Jacob Lifschutz, MD, 120 S. May-field Ave., Chicago, is busy in ophthalmology and otolaryngology. He holdsa graduate professorship at CookCounty Hospital.Erling H. Lunde, 6708 OlympiaAve., Chicago, is a sales engineer today.And to "sit down and chat with mywife after a trip out of town" is "tops"in enjoyment for him. TO HAVEAl fresco picnics with the family isone of Edward K. MacDonald's, 479Washington Rd., Lake Forest, 111., chiefpleasures. Fie was a pilot during theWorld War receiving the French Croixde Guerre. At the present time he isvice-president and director of the Utility and Industrial Corporation.Lillian MacVean (Mrs. Fred C.Donnenberg), 2516 Grand Avenue,Kansas City, Missouri, traveled toMexico City last winter. She considerstravel her main interest.Blanche Mason (The HonorableMme. Vsevolod de Telesnitsky — nowTellis), 79 Abbotsford Rd., Winnetka,111., was married three times withinthree days in Paris, France before hermarriage was considered definite. Afterleaving the University, she was stafffeature writer for the Chicago American and the Chicago Evening Post.Today she is occupied as writer, lecturer, and housewife.Burdette Pond Mast, 160 AppletreeRd., Winnetka, 111., has held the title ofvice-president in three companies. Somecirculation ! He is in magazine publishing today.Rudy Dole Matthews, 520 Inter-lachen Ave., Winter Park, Florida, hasretired temporarily on account of hishealth from the Investment and Brokerage business. In 1937 he was awardedby Marquette University the Certificateof Distinctive Civic Service because ofhis outstanding leadership as Chairmanof the 1936 Milwaukee County Community Fund Campaign. Richard Perry, his oldest son, is a freshman atthe University of Chicago.Children's librarian at River ForestPublic library, Harriet E. McCoy, 120S. Maple Ave., Oak Park, 111., has beenengaged in a variety of occupations inWashington, D. C, and Miami, Florida,since graduation.Robert V. Merrill, Assistant Professor of French, University of Chicago, received his PhD in 1922. Between 1914 and 1922 he spent threeyears at Oxford, one year in the army,one year teaching at the University ofMinnesota, and three years of study atChicago.Neither the spring garden nor thefamily sailboat prevented NancyMiller, (Mrs. Peter J. Mills), Chesterton, Indiana, from coming to the25th Reunion last spring. Mrs. Millsnow lives in the country and raisesDoberman Pinschers. Before her marriage she taught school, did researchwork, was connected with Woman'sWorld's Fair, Inc., and was in personnel work.During working hours, CharlesOscar Molander, MD '17, 8137 S.Morgan, Chicago, directs the PhysicalTherapy department, Michael ReeseHospital, but for relaxation prefersgolf. ,Box 92, Kelso, Washington, is thenew address of Erling Monnes, Pastorof First Baptist Church in Kelso.Elizabeth Morgan" (Mrs. BentonB. Baker), 10207 S. Bell Ave., Chicago,32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEhas one daughter, Betty, in Northwestern University.John C. Morrison, 1400 Lake ShoreDr., Chicago, unmarried, has been abroker for the last ten years withHornblower and Weeks.Ruth Morse (Mrs. William BairdCalkins), 7106 Lowe Ave., Chicago iscarrying on the job of being teacherand mother.Since 1934 William C. Morse hasbeen the head of the geology department at the University of Mississippi.He is also director of the MississippiGeological Survey.Honorable Oakley K. Morton,Judge of the Superior Court of California for the County of Riverside, enjoys story telling sessions and outing-trips into the mountains. Mr. Mortonhas four children.Claude Worrell Munger, MD '16,Director of St. Lukes Hospital, NewYork City, likes to sleep, but as Who'sWho proves, Dr. Munger has not hadmuch time to do so.Howell W. Murray, AM, 100S. LaSalle St., vice-president A. G.Becker & Co., investment bankers. Hehas been president of the Bond Clubof Chicago, President of his home townschool board, President of the ExmoorCountry Club and Vice Chairman ofRavinia Music Festivals.Marie Nagle (Mrs. H. EdwardCrossland), 6650 N. Washtenaw Ave.,Chicago, though auditor in the Personal Income Tax office of the Collector of Internal Revenue Chicago, finds time to direct musical activities. Sheplanned the program for the SpringFiesta at Lewis Institute this lastspring.After leaving the army in 1919, LoydNeff, 1710 W. 50th St., Kansas City,Mo., worked with the Corn Belt FarmDailies. He is secretary of the DailyDrovers Telegram in Kansas City now.Patty Newbold (Mrs. Walter Hoef-ner), 30 Devon Rd., Hemstead, N. Y.,adds to her position as homemaker thatof substitute high school teacher, andadvertising representative for the Christian Science Monitor.Coach, as everybody knows, for theold alma mater, Nelson H. Norgren5744 Kenwood Ave., Chicago, has beenliving a life of two seasons— tennis inthe summer, squash in the winter.Stefan Osusky, JD '15, former Chicago lawyer and former Czecho-Slova-kian minister to Paris, is directing hiscountry's fight for resurrection from theCzech legation.Leslie Parker, JD '18, 8 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, has been in lawsince 1918 except for one year in thewar.George Doney Parkinson, HotelClaridge, Memphis, Tenn., is possiblythe only person to have received hisbacheler's and doctor's degrees on thesame day (1914). "Continuously sincegraduation, I have specialized in mining, oil and gas, and natural resourcelaw, before various state and federalcourts, — also the Department of the Interior at Washington," he writes. Della Patterson (Mrs. James AutinMenaul), 5801 Blackstone Ave., graduated from the Chicago Musical collegeafter leaving the University. Music hasbeen her main interest and also herhobby for these many years.George A. Peak, Des Moines, la.,spends his leisure time trout fishing inthe Rocky Mountains. He is ownerand operator of the Insurance ExchangeBuilding in Des Moines.From Boston, Massachusetts, wehear that John Perlee, 544 Commonwealth Avenue, is connected with theNational Shawmut Bank.Rhoda Pfeiffer (Mrs. Chester A.Hammill), 5425 Columbia, Dallas,Texas, who is the mother of two daughters finds her chief interest, girl scouting.Dorothy Philbrick, AM '17, (Mrs.Dwight Smith), 7415 N. Paulina St.,Chicago, considers her housekeepingincidental but not her position as Frenchteacher at North Park College.Helene Pollak (Mrs. Leonard S.Gans), 135 Central Park West, NewYork City, is executive secretary ofthe Consumers League of New Yorkhaving been in labor research for 20years.Maurice A. Pollak, 16 N. DearbornSt., Chicago, is associated with thereal estate firm of Draper and Kramer,Inc., as secretary."A bath tub reader of mystery stories,two baths one mystery," Miles O. Priceis librarian at Columbia UniversitySchool of Law. He acquired a BLSat Illinois in 1922 and a law degree atColumbia.Adeline Rassman (Mrs. SamuelWilson Hallstrom), 809 Sheridan Rd.,Chicago, 111., worked for the Board ofRecommendations, University of Chicago for a year. Then she taught fiveyears in a private school and eightyears at Carl Schurz high school, Chicago.Ruth M. Rathbun, 5941 N. Kil-bourn Ave., Chicago, is the principal ofJamieson Elementary school, Chicago.For 23 years she has been either teacheror principal.Recommending an "Occasional jumpclear over the bars," Margaret Rhodes(Mrs. Roderick Peattie) 1601 PerryStreet, Columbus, Ohio, is known technically as a "housewife," but on theside is writing a series of sciencereaders for children with Donald C.Peattie.Jessie Folsom Rice (Mrs. J. R.Koons), 19845 Lake Chabot Rd., Hayward, Calif., interests herself in progressive education and in gaining information about social and economicproblems.Lloyd A. Rider with degrees of PdM and PhD from Columbia is a teacherof biology at Abraham Lincoln highschool, Brooklyn, N. Y., but finds timeto hike over the Appalachian trail,bowl, and play chess.Lathrop E. Roberts, PhD '19, whois professor of Chemistry at the University of Arizona served, previous toI «*] ®fje tjnitoettfitp of CfticafioGp uraveRsicp collcggIN THE LOOPPUBLIC LECTURESTUESDAYS0:45-7:45 P. M.Art Institute11 A. M.-12:30 P. M.18 S. Michigan Ave.7:00-8:30 P. M.18 S. Michigan Ave.WEDNESDAYS6:45-7:45 P. M.Art Insttute8:00-9:00 P. M.18 S. Michigan Ave.FRIDAYS6:45-7:45 P. M.Art Institute7:15-8:45 P. M.18 S. Michigan Ave. AUTUMN QUARTER 1939f CONTEMPORARY AMERICA IN FICTION— 5 lectures byP. H. Boynton (Oct. 10 to Nov. 7). (Series $1.50.)AMERICAN HUMORISTS— PAST AND PRESENT— 5 lectures by Walter Blair (Nov. 14 to Dec. 12). (Series $1.50.)CHINESE PAINTING: THE INDEPENDENTS (illustrated)— 10 lecture-conferences by Lucy Driscoll (Oct. 17 to Dec.19). (10 sessions $10.00.)PSYCHOLOGY AND MODERN ART (illustrated)— 10 lecture-conferences by Lucy Driscoll (Oct. 17 to Dec. 19). (10sessions $10.00.)THE LEGISLATIVE WAY— 5 lectures by T. V. Smith (Oct.11 to Nov. 8). (Series $1.50.)SUCCESS OR FAILURE IN MARRIAGE— 5 lectures byE. W. Burgess (Nov. 15 to Dec. 13). (Series $1.50.)BIOLOGISTS LOOK AT MAN— 10 lectures by Members ofthe Biological Sciences Division (Oct. 11 to Dec. 13). (Series$3.00.) | i ,..*]NEW TECHNIQUES IN MANAGEMENT— 5 lectures byMembers of the School of Business (Oct. 13 to Nov. 10).Series $1.50.)WOMAN MEETS THE LAW — 10 lecture-conferences byB. Fain Tucker (Oct. 13 to Dec. 15). (10 sessions $5.00.)Admission to lectures, 50 cents.No single admission to conferences.Tickets on sale downtown at University CollegeFor detailed announcement regarding public lectures, addressUNIVERSITY COLLEGE18 South Michigan Ave. Telephone: DEArborn 3673THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 33Cordovan Brogue, *16We're students of shoes . . . always thinking about them, working on them, improving them. Then we transform thoughtsinto action and dreams into fact. The result is that we make thefinest shoes in America, for quality-conscious men who appreciate style that is built in — not added on as an afterthought.FIFTH AVENUE • 47th-48th Streets • NEW YORK225 OLIVER AVENUE— PITTSBURGH, PA. • 1 12 WEST ADAMS STREET, FIELD BUILDING— CHICAGO. ILL.1922, as instructor in Chemistry at theUniversity of Pittsburgh; Assistant Director of Research, American WritingPaper Co.; and Physical chemist, U. S.Bureau of Mines.Lillian Ross (Mrs. Arthur M.Hayes), 3405 80th St., Jackson Heights,N. Y., was an interior decorator until1925 when she married. Since thenshe has been active in College cluband Welfare work and the League ofWomen Voters.In May, 1917 Margaret Rudb (Mrs.Kellogg Speed) went to war with theRed Cross as secretary on the first boatload of Americans. In June, 1939 sheis "making a background for a famoushusband and three daughters.""Our family is lousy with teachers I" says Oscar F. Rusch, 1033 Monroe Ave., River Forest, 111. His fatherwas a teacher, two of his sisterstaught, he is an instructor at ConcordiaTeachers College. Moreover, his sonteaches Chemistry and his daughterteaches Art.Ruth Sager (Mrs. Griffith S. Bix-by), 7832 Paxton Ave., Chicago is ahousewife and mother with time foractive participation in the ParentTeachers Association.Anna Louise Scott (Mrs. CharlesKlein) 5628 Drexel Ave., Chicagoteaches zoology in Hirsch Senior highschool. She has taught zoology at Baylor Woman's College, William WoodsCollege and also worked for the American Red Cross in Irkutsk, Siberia.Just "an average good citizen" isRaleh Foster Sedgwickes title forhimself. He is now Central DistrictPurchasing Agent, American Can Co.,Chicago, 111.Elizabeth Sherer (Mrs. HowellWorth Murray), 31 N. Linden Ave.,Highland Park, 111., has had an activelife as wife and mother to three children but has found time for many ofthe worth-while community activities.Earle A. Shilton is in the realestate business in Chicago and locatedat 605 North Michigan Ave. His avo-cational interests are farming and inventing. And he is looking for anangel to endow his labors.Henry C. Shull, 340 DavidsonBldg., Sioux City, la., took his law degree in 1916. He has served on theBoard of Regents of the State of Iowawhich has under its control the University of Iowa, the Agricultural College at Ames, and three other institutions of higher learning.Leroy Hendrick Sloan, 2231 E.67th St., Chicago, 111., MD '17, wasformerly Associate Professor of Medicine at Rush. He is now Professor ofMedicine at the University of IllinoisCollege of Medicine, Attending Physi-s'an to Cook County, St. Lukes, Illinois Central Hospitals.Carl F. Snapp, MD '15, 604 MedicalArts Bldg., Grand Rapids, Mich., is aPhysician but his practice is limited tootology and laryngology. He is a former President of the Grand RapidsAlumni Club. Erma Spencer (Mrs. J. C. Carter),Americus Hotel, Allentown, Pa., hastraveled extensively including two yearsin Russia.William H. Spencer is Dean of theSchool of Business at the Universityof Chicago. He served as Chairman ofthe Chicago Regional Labor Board in1934-35.Avis L. Sprague (Mrs. G. O. Newcomb), 4915 Laurell Canyon Blvd.,North Hollywood teaches in the LosAngeles City school system.Alex Squair is manager of theSears Roebuck store at York, Pa. Infilling out his questionnaire he fails togive tennis as his avocation or recreation, but we are confident he can defeatany other member of the class on thecourts without turning a hair.Hazel Allison Stevenson is teaching in the Florida State College forWomen at Tallahassee, Florida.Edna Stolz (Mrs. Joseph Brody),930 W. 29th St., Des Moines, la., helpedto start the Board of Mental Healthclinic, which is a child guidance clinicin Des Moines. She is now chairmanof the Board. Her daughter, Ruth, isa student at the University and a newlyappointed Aide.One of the editorial writers on theChicago Tribune is Leon Stolz. Andhis history reads like a persistent newspaper man — reporter, copy reader, re write man, editorial writer here andabroad."I'd be glad to show you lots of freescenery around Santa Monica, Hollywood, and Los Angeles," is the standing invitation by Helen Street (Mrs.Helen S. Perlee), 633 11th St., SantaMonica. She is specializing in girlscouting.Fourteen foreign countries is thelast reported count for Lynne Sullivan (Mrs. Matthias J. Harford),5719 N. St. Louis Ave., Chicago. Shewrites us that she needs "ten volumesat least to write the history of her life."L. T. Thurber sends his regardsfrom 320 Tappan St., Brookline, Massachusetts.Subsequent to 1924, Dr. Isidor Harrison Tumpeer, 330 Lake Shore Dr.,Chicago, has been on the staff ofMichael Reese Hospital. He is alsoactive in the Board of Jewish Education here.After attaining his BS at Chicago,E. L. Unverferth attended KirksvilleCollege of Osteopathy and Surgery.His title today is that of OsteopathicPhysician and he lives in Tulsa, Okla.Vincent J. Vallette of Townsend,Mass. transferred to Wisconsin in 1915.After that, he served as Superintendent,Consulting engineer, and' Industrialengineer in three different companies.In 1939 he is Vice-president and In-34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHE OLDEST CAMP IN THE WESTCAMP HIGHLANDSFOR BOYSSAYNER, WISCONSINThree Camps— 8-12: 13-14: 15-17Woodcraft, Athletic and Water Sports,Music, Photography, Scouting, Long CanoeTrips, Riding, Shooting, Shop, Nature Lore,Camping Trips, Unexcelled Equipment,Experienced Staff, Doctor-Nurse.WRITE THE DIRECTOR FOR CATALOGW. J. MONILAW, M. D.1330 East 56th Street, ChicagoBUSINESSDIRECTORYAMBULANCE SERVICEBOYDSTON BROS.All phones OAK. 0492operatingAuthorized Ambulance Servicefor Billings HospitalUniversity Clinics, etc.PACKARD AND LASALLE EQUIPMENTAWNINGSPhones Oakland 0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park AwningINC. Co.,Awnings and Canopies for All 9urposes4508 Cottage Grove Aven ueBOILER REPAIRINGBEST BOILER REPAIR &WELDING CO.BOILER REPAIRING AND WELDING24 HOUR SERVICE1408 S. Western Ave. Tel. Canal 6071BOOK BINDERSW. B. CONKEY COMPANYHammond, IndianaPrinters and BindersofBooks and CatalogsSales OfficesCHICAGO NEW YORK dustrial engineer with Fessenden Co.,Inc., Townsend.Frank E. Weakly, 201 S. LaSalle,has been employed by Halsey Stuart &Co., Inc. for 18 years and is Vice-president of this firm today .Dorothy Weil, AM '23, who is director of Humanities at Woodrow Wilson Junior College, published the Syllabus jor Humanities Survey, in 1935,'36, '37, '38, and '39.Lyman L. Weld is associated withthe Mitchell-Faust Advertising Agency,Chicago. He resides at 1162 AsburyAvenue in Winnetka.Lillian A. Wells is especially interested in old books — particularlyFrench and Italian books of the 16thcentury. She is living at 350 ParkAve., New York City, and has traveledabroad a total of six years.World War veteran, Gerold CarlWichmann, now lives in Denver,Colorado (P. O. Box 121).Margaret F. Williams, AM '23,3810 Van Buren St., Chicago, has temporarily lost her job as Conductor onEuropean tours, we think. She is anEnglish teacher at the Lewis Institute.Edna Dean Winch (Mrs. WalterG. Simmons, Jr.), 548 N. LaramieAve., Chicago, is principal of EbingerSchool, Chicago. She has taught inthree schools and has been principalof two.Ruth Wood (Mrs. John C. Phelps),523 Park Ave., River Forest, 111., hasjust completed her sixth year on theschool board of River Forest Elementary Schools as secretary.WlLLELLA WOODBRIDGE (Mrs.Flo ward E. Henley), Carthage, Ind.,since 1916 she has concentrated onhomemaking.Janetta W'oodward (Mrs. HalvorO. Teisberg) 1011 Edgewood Ave.,Madison, Wis., taught high school atCrisman, Ind. for one year after graduation. Then for one year she was onthe library staff at the University.Since that time, she has been busy being a mother.Victor L. Wooten, 155 N. HarveyAve., Oak Park, 111., is now auditor forthe General Outdoor Advertising Co.,Inc.Dr. Fredericka C. Zeller is practicing medicine in Peoria, Illinois.1915Since 1920, Ada A. McClellan hasbeen teaching mathematics at Polytechnic high school, Long Beach, California.1916David M. Key, PhD, has just beenappointed professor of Latin and Greekat Birmingham-Southern College.Miles Delmar Sutton, AM '32, isHead of the Business department atDenfeld high school in Duluth, Minn.He has been president of the DuluthTeachers Association, and the DuluthFederation of Teachers. He was form erly the secretary of the University ofChicago Alumni club in Duluth.Charles T. Holman, DB, Associate Professor, Director of VocationalTraining at the University of Chicago,is the author of the book "The Religionof a Healthy Mind" which was selectedas book of the month by the ReligiousBook Club, Inc. The Editorial Committee which made the selection wasSamuel McCrea Cavert, Harry Emerson Fosdick, Francis J. McConnell, andHoward Chandler Robbins.1917Lloyd E. Blauch, AM, PhD '23,visited the University of Maryland,College Park, Maryland to teach in thedepartment of education.Miss Louie G. Ramsdell, SM '25,heads the geography department at theState Teachers College, Framingham,Massachusetts. For several years shehas been working as general chairmanof the to-be-celebrated One HundredthAnniversary of her college. Framing-ham is the first State Normal Schoolin America and was originally locatedat Lexington, Massachusetts.Helen M. Strong, PhD '21, is incharge of the Educational RelationsSoil Conservation Service, UnitedStates Department of Agriculture,Washington, D. C.1918Marjorie A. Mahurin (Mrs. Lor-ing M. Myers) turned her hobby intoa career. She is now radio home economist in Cincinnati and travels under thename, Marsha Wheeler. She plans allof the program — supervising the kitchen, the cook, the buying of the groceries, etc. — And even allows guests ather broadcasts.1919Lee Ettleson is now managing editor of the San Francisco Call-Bulletin.Mr. Ettleson has been a newspapermansince graduation, working mainly onthe Pacific Coast. Until recently hewas with the San Francisco Examiner.Pearl Henderson (Mrs. Milton C.Asher) has recently been appointedSupervisor of a Work Progress Administration Psychological Project inKane County, testing and tutoring.Formerly Mrs. Asher was connectedwith the Mooseheart Laboratory ofChild Research.Frederick W. Mulsow, PhD, MD'20, is director of the Clinical Laboratory at St. Luke's hospital, CedarRapids, la. Mr. Mulsow is attendingpathologist to Mercy hospital of thesame city.1920Donald Gray, member of the lawfirm of Gower, Gray & Gower, Kankakee, 111., for the last fifteen years, isserving on the Board of Governors ofthe Illinois State Bar Association atthis date. He is also a member of theTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 35Kankakee County Board of Supervisors(Republican).May A. Klipple, AM, is now an Associate professor of English at BallState Teachers college, Muncie, Ind.Miss Klipple received her PhD fromIndiana University, announcement ofwhich was made last year.Robert E. Mathews, JD, has addedto his duties as professor of law at OhioState University those of serving on theNational Executive Board of NationalLawyers Guild, National Council ofAmerican Association of UniversityProfessors, National Executive Com-mittee,Order of the Coif.Frederick Dean McClusky, AM,PhD '22, celebrated his tenth anniversary as director of Scarborough School,Scarborough - on - Hudson, New Yorkon May 28, 1939.1921In 1933, Louise John retired fromteaching. From^ 1896 to 1933 MissJohn had taught in Galion high school,Galion, Ohio.At present she is a member of theGalion Board of Education, secretaryof Galion Public Library Board, President of the Galion Public HealthLeague, and secretary-treasurer of theNursery School Advisory board.Harold E. Nicely was appointedtrustee of Princeton Theological Seminary in May, 1939. Mr. Nicely is minister of the Brick Presbyterian church,Rochester, New York.1922Marion Davidson is connected withthe firm of John W. Harris Associates,Inc., building construction, New YorkCity, which company is working on thelast unit of Rockefeller Center at thepresent time. Mr. Davidson's hobbyis the study of stones and marbles usedin buildings throughout the history ofconstruction, and he has lectured on thissubject.With a grand total of pilgrimages to17 countries as proof, Irving Garwood,PhD, tells us he enjoys traveling to allparts of the world to visit literaryshrines. Mr. Garwood is the head ofthe English department at the WesternIllinois State Teachers College, Macomb, Illinois.Ruth M. Jackson, AM, althoughDean of Women and instructor in English at Simpson college, Indianola, la.,finds time to serve as president of theIndianola Branch of A. A. U. W. Sheis also chairman of the Student Government committee of the National Association of Deans of Women.Eula B. Phares (Mrs. Charles B.Mohle), Houston, Texas, although ateacher in both Davis H. S. and NewHaven High S., finds time to tend aone-acre farm on which she raises wildflowers.E. Elizabeth Vickland, AM '23,has gone to Philippi, West Virginia tobecome Dean of Women in Alderson-Broaddus College. 1923Richard H. Bauer, AM '28, PhD'35, was promoted to assistant professorship of history at Mary WashingtonCollege, Fredericksburg, Virginia thisyear.J. Hosea George, AM '25, is thehead of the department of astronomyand geology at Bay City Junior College,Bay City, Michigan.Harold I. Meyer, MD, is assistantprofessor of surgery at the Universityof Illinois college of Medicine.Trustee of the Village of Riversideis the new title for Adolph J. Radosta,Jr., JD '25, Chicago lawyer.1924For 12 years Hugh S. Bonor, AM,has been City Superintendent of schools,Manitowoc, Wisconsin. During theyear 1938-39, he served as president ofthe Wisconsin City Superintendent Association. He has been elected president for 1939 of the Manitowoc CivicCouncil.For 27 years, Francis C. Oakes,AM, has been in charge of the Englishdepartment at Central State college,Edmond, Oklahoma. Last year he wasthe presiding officer of the Rotary Clubin Edmond.Margaret Slingluff (Mrs. McKeeRaimer), writes that she is amazed tofind that an "art" hobby is an excellentway to earn money in a small town.Her "art" hobby consists of fashiondrawings, advertising, oil paintings,magazine illustrating, etc. Mrs. Raimerlives at 1317 N. Nozan Ave., Danville,111.1925Brooks D. Drain, SM, is in chargeof the Agricultural Experiment Station, Department of Horticulture, University of Tennessee. Mr. Drain's workconsists of fruit and vegetable breeding.John H. Johnson, AM, is the headof the biology department at Calumethigh school, Chicago.Samuel McKee Mitchell, JD '27,is an attorney for Bell, Boyd and Marshall, 135 S. La Salle St., Chicago. Hiswife, Caroline Garbe, '26, is a member of the Wheaton Public LibraryBoard which is appointed by the mayorand the city council.Lewis F. Thomas was promotedfrom Associate Professor of geographyto full professorship at WashingtonUniversity, St. Louis, Missouri.1926Morton John Barnard, JD '27 , whois one of the authors of the new Illinois Probate Act recently passed by thelegislature, is the vice-chairman of theProbate and Trust Section of the Illinois State Bar Association.James T. Carlyon, PhD, is professor of Christian Doctrine, SouthernMethodist University at Dallas, Texas.When he was 52 years of age, heclimbed Long's Peak out in Coloradoand we don't blame him for beingproud.For M. Lucile Harrison, AM '33,last month was the beginning of one BOOKSMEDICAL BOOKSof All PublishersThe Largest and Most Complete Stock andall New Books Received as soon as published. Come in and browse.SPEAKMAN'S(Chicago Medical Book Co.)Congress and Honore StreetsOne Block from Rush Medical CollegeCATERERJOSEPH H. BIGGSFine Catering in all its branches50 East Huron StreetTel. Sup. 0900—0901Retail Deliveries Daily and SundaysQuality and Service Since 1882CEMENT CONTRACTORSCEMENTT. A. REHNQUIST CO. CONTRACTORSC7/ FLOORSSIDEWALKSVAULT WALKSREPAIRSBEVerly 0890We Caver the CityCHEMICAL ENGINEERSAlbert K. Epstein, *I2B. R. Harris, '2 1Epstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTel. Cent. 4285-6COALEASTMAN COAL CO.Established 1 9027 YARDSALL OVER TOWNMAIN OFFICE252 West 69th StreetTelephone Wentworth 32 1 5Wasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phones: Wentworth 8620- 1 -2-3-4Wesson's Coal Makes Good — or—Wasson DoesELECTRICAL CONTRACTORSWM. FECHT ELECTRIC CO.CONTRACTORS - ENGINEERSLIGHT & POWER WIRING600 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. Seeley 278836 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEFLOWERSPhones1364 ^ CHICAGOEstablished 186SFLOWERSPlaza 6444, 6445East 53 rd StreetGROCERIESLEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1 327 East 57th StreetPhones: Hyde Park 9 1 00- 1 -2QUALITY FOODSTUFFSMODERATE PRICESWE DELIVERLAUNDRIESSUNSHINE LAUNDRYCOMPANYAll ServicesDry Cleaning29 1 5 Cottage Grove Ave.Telephone Victory 5 1 1 0THEBEST LAUNDRY andCLEANING COMPANYALL LAUNDRY SERVICESAlsoZoric System of Cleaning- : - Odorless Quality Cleaning - : -Phone Oakland 1 383LETTER SERVICEPOND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHooven TypewritingMultioraphingAddressograph Service MimeographingAddressingMailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones 418 So. Market St.Harrison 8118 ChicagoLITHOGRAPHERL C. Mead '21. E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph — Offset — Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabash 8182OFFICE FURNITUREBusiness Equipment \FILING CABINETSDESKS — LOCKERSCUPBOARDS — SHELVINGMetal Office Furniture Co. Grand Rapids* Michigan year's leave of absence from her positionas Associate Professor of Kindergarten-Primary Education at Colorado StateCollege of Education at Greeley. Shewrites us that a new and enlarged edition of her book, Reading Readiness,came off the press June, 1939.Calir C. Olson, AM, PhD '38, hasrecently accepted a position at the College of the Pacific, Stockton, California,as associate professor of English.C. O. Miller, PhD, has been connected with the Lakeside Laboratories,Inc., Milwaukee, Wisconsin as Technical Director since January, 1938.David O. Voss, AM, PhD '32, hasbeen an instructor in Latin at DeVil-biss high school, Toledo, Ohio for thepast 4 years. He is the immediate pastpresident of Toledo Baptist Universityand is treasurer of the same this year.1927George Dillon, who was awardedthe Pulitzer prize for poetry in 1932,and who is now Editor of Poetry magazine, sends this suggestion for theAlumni magazine — "more good featurearticles by faculty members and others,written with a world outlook and relating to present day problems; also somegood book reviews."1928Wilma Anderson (Mrs. Kerby-Miller), AM, PhD '38, formerly an instructor at the University of Chicago,is now lecturing in English compositionand literature at Wellesley College inWellesley, Massachusetts.Margaret Carlson (Mrs. C. F.Mager), Nashville, Tennessee, is engaged in developing private businessresearch — independent of any trade association. She appeared before the Industry Committee No. 2 in Washington,D. C. on May 8 to present the case forthe southern garment manufacturers.Elmer Gertz, JD '39, is writing asocial history of the Chicago Tribuneand would be delighted to hear fromanyone who has material that might beof value to him. Mr. Gertz is living at821 Sunnyside Avenue, Chicago, Illinois.After graduation, Raymond E.Hayes began teaching American history in Arlington Heights high school.For the past 4 years he has also beencoaching basketball and baseball. Mr.Hayes has had several articles published in the Temple University LawQuarterly i. e., Business Regulation inEarly Pennsylvania and Revolution asa Constitutional Right.Oliver M. Keve, Pastor of the FirstMethodist Church in Parsons, Kansas,is president of the Phi Beta Kappa Association of Southeast Kansas. Mr.Keve is also one of the University ofChicago's regional advisers. He is theeditor of "Mid-Century Sermons andAddresses" as well as other publications.Jerome F. Kutak, LLB, served forten years as Home Office Counsel inChicago for the Federal Life InsuranceCompany, but now is secretary andGeneral Counsel for the Sterling Insurance Company. For the past five years Jean L. Mc-Evoy, has been teaching history at theWisconsin Industrial School for Girls,Milwaukee. She is the acting-superintendent at the present time.Subsequent to graduation, Jacob C.Pratt, Jr. has been one of Chicago'smost active public accountants. In1932 he passed the Certified Public Accounting examination in Illinois.Stanley Preston Young spent timein Grenoble, France learning to ski inthe midst of his career at the University of Chicago. He returned to graduate in 1929 but then went to Paris,north Africa, and the Holy Land. Aftera year's residence in Munich, Germany,he came to New York and received hisMaster's degree in English fromColumbia in 1931. In 1934 he startedfree lancing and has been doing so sincethat time. Mr. Young has reviewedbooks for the Nation, the N. Y. Sun,and the New York Times, He is theauthor of the following plays : BrightRebel, Double Exposure, In Praise ofHusbands, Night Between the Rivers,and Robin Landing. His first novel,Sons Without Anger, has been published recently.1929Winifred D. Broderick receivedhis degree from the University of Kentucky this last August. He is teachingthe Social Sciences at the TheodoreAhrens Trade High school, Louisville,Ky.Junetta C. Heinonen, PhD, taughtsummer school this year at Ball StateTeachers college, Muncie, Ind. During the winter she is Associate professor at Iowa State Teachers College,Cedar Falls, la.For two months Maurice A. Lee,AM '31, was assistant professor of English at Florida A&M College, Tallahassee, Florida, this past summer.B. H. Overman, AM, has been onthe Board of Trustees, Soldier Memorial, Kansas City, on Board of Directors of the World Peace Council ofK C, and Chaplain for the Veterans ofForeign Wrars.Joseph C. Swindler, JD '30, hasbeen employed by the TVA since 1933and is now assistant general counsel,TVA. Previous to 1933 he was assistant solicitor for the department of theInterior.1930On July 1, 1939 Wesley R. Bratt,AM, began his work as superintendentof public schools, Pawnee City, Nebraska.Eleanor A. Davis, AM '38, who isan English teacher at York Communityhigh school, Elmhurst, 111., made anarrangement of "Andante" from Ts-chaikowsky's Fifth Symphony for Elmhurst Women's Choral club last year.1931Mary E. Andrews, PhD, associateprofessor and chairman of the department of religion, Goucher College,located in Baltimore, Maryland, wasformerly president of the National Association of Biblical Instructors.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 37PAINTERSMichael B. Dunn (formerly Myer)is research psychologist on the Committee for the Study of Suicide, New YorkCity.Clyde H. Graves, AM, PhD '38,has been appointed Assistant Professorof Mathematics at the PennsylvaniaState College, State College, Pa.Edith Hansler has returned to Chicago from her trip to the HawaiianIslands.Raymond W. Porter, PhD, is professor of education and psychology atHuron college, South Dakota, but findstime to practice as a pianist.1932Mary Frances Gates, SM, is working at Bobs Roberts Hospital in theUniversity of Chicago Clinics as clinical psychologist.Kenneth Perry Landon, AM, PhD'38, has accepted the assistant professorship of philosophy at Earlham College, Richmond, Indiana.Out in Humboldt, Kansas, GertrudeLeitzbach (Mrs. Robert A. Finney)states that her avocation is, "startingthe Humboldt Public Library." Soundsworth while, yes?Since 1937 Margaret W. Simon hasbeen teaching elementary school inManlius, 111. She was formerly associated with the W. L. S. field staff.In addition to Ammon B. Turner's,AM, responsibilities as Mayor of theVillage of Long Point, 111., he is manager of Turner Brothers Drug and Insurance agent for the Insurance Company of North America and CenturyIndemnity Company.1933Elbert C. Flora, Educational Adviser in the C C C, is located at Watford City, North Dakota.On August 5th, Mary Vic Mauk,AM, sailed on the Empress of Japanfor Ewha College, Seoul Korea to teachin the department of music. Previouslyshe was connected with the StateTeachers College in Troy, Alabama,which has been chosen for experimentation in Teacher Education.1934Goodlett J. Glaser is now 1st Lt.Federal A. Res. at Camp Skokie Valley,Glenview, 111.William Charles Korfmacher,PhD, has been appointed Associate Professor (as of the academic year 1939-40) of Classical Languages and Secretary of the department, Saint LouisUniversity. Previously he served asvice-president for Missouri of the Classical Association of the Middle Westand South; he is now president of theClassical Club of Saint Louis and Chairman of the Philology Section of theMissouri Academy of Science.Henry E. Patrick, AM '38, is nowteaching in Woodstock Community highschool, Woodstock, Illinois. SinceJanuary, 1939, he has been president ofMcHenry County, Illinois TeachersCredit Union.1935Majorie Bremner is now connectedwith the Board of Education in Chicago as psychologist. Thomas M. Gilland, PhD, spent 8weeks at the University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri this summer as principal of the elementary school there.Ruth E. Jones who is director ofnursing at the State Hospital South,Blackfoot, Idaho, started an affiliatingcourse in psychiatric nursing in 1938and is progressing nicely.Mrs. Florence M. Lohmann, AM'38, who is principal of George ThorpeSchool, Richmond, Virginia, is incharge of educational radio for Richmond schools. This last summer sheattended the Workshop for Radio, NewYork University. Mrs. Lohmann hasbeen re-elected as vice-president of theLeague of Richmond Teachers.Marian Edna Voigt is now Mrs.John DeWitt and resides at ValleyCottage, New York, a suburb of NewYork City.1936Robert W. Christ, AM, visited theNorth West Missouri State TeachersCollege for 2 months this summer. Mr.Christ was teaching English there.Radio announcing is the occupationof Norman Masteism, Long Beach,California. When not on the air, he ison the sea — deep sea fishing.Paul D. Reese, JD, is practicinglaw at Jonesboro, 111. and reports thathe is kept too busy to have any avocations.Leonard F. C. Reichle has been appointed administrative assistant in theGeneral Manager's Office of the Tennessee Valley Authority and is located inKnoxville, Tenn.William H. Weaver served as aninstructor for the C. M..T. C. at CampMcCoy last summer. He is employedin the sales department of the AcmeSteel Company after having worked inboth the production planning and theorder departments, Chicago.1937Eugene H. Adelman, AM, beganhis new job on July 1, 1939 as fieldworker for the Tri-State CoordinatingBureau, an organization which resettlesrefugees in Western Pennsylvania,Eastern Ohio, and in the Panhandlesection of West Virginia. He is president of the Social Service EmployeesUnion of Pittsburgh.Robert D. Beaird, Jr. is workingwith the X-Ray Corporation, Chicago.James Elmo L. Black, AM, accepted a position as lecturer of psychology at the University of Manitobain Fort Garry, Manitoba last July.Arthur Witt Blair, AM, is nowelementary curriculum director of public schools in Fort Smith, Arkansas.As instructor of political science,Donal S. Bussey, is teaching atPrinceton University, Princeton, N. J.this year.Carvel E. Collins, AM, is now instructor of English at Stephens College,Columbia, Missouri.Sara Kathryn Frame, who was recently elected to the "Professional Cabinet" of Elmwood Schools, is teachingin Elmwood Park school, ElmwoodPark, 111. GEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3 1 86E. STEWARTINC. FEIGHPAINTING — DECORATING5559Cottage Grove Ave. TelephoneMidway 4404RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331 TelephoneW. Jackson Blvd. Monroe 3192PHOTOGRAPHERMOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF QUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago . . State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C. ALUMNIPLASTERINGHOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY5341 S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone Dorchester 1579MUSIC PRINTERS38 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEPRINTERSCLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3935"Good Printing of All Descriptions"RESTAURANTSThe Best Place to Eat on the South SideiXs*K(ol«HB<«j! U>/u(ji,COLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone Hyde Park 6324ROOFERSBECKERAll types of RoofingHome InsulatingAll over Chicago and suburbs.Brunswick 2900RE-ROOFING — REPAIRINGGROVEROOFINGFAirfax32066illiland6644 COTTAGE GROVE Av7INSULATINGRUGSAshjian Bros., inc.ESTABLISHED 1921Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED2313 E. 71st St. Pkone Dor. 0009COMMERCIAL SCHOOLSIntensive Stenographic CourseFOR COLLEGE MEN & WOMEN100 Words ¦ Minute in 100 Dayi As- amred for one Fee. Enroll NOW. Day w\classes only — Begin Jan., Apr., Julyand Oet. Write or Phone Ban. 1575. .18 S. MICHIGAN AVE., CHICAGO^gffl3HHJEI*IMacCormac School ofCommerceBusiness Administration and SecretarialTrainingDAY AND EVENING CLASSESAccredited by the National Association of Accredited Commercial Schools.1170 E. 63rd St. H. P. 2130 Raymond W. Litwiller, PhD, hasaccepted the instructorship in biology,botany and anatomy at Bradley Polytechnic Institute in Peoria, Illinois forthis coming year.John G. Morris is writing for TimeInc., New York City, at the presenttime.Since October, 1939, Janet Rosenthal, SM '38, has been a bio-chemistat Michael Reese hospital.Jerome J. Sokolik is employed assales manager in his father's meatpacking company.Starting in with the messenger department D. Throop Vaughan finallyarrived in the investment departmentof the City National Bank of Chicago.1938Lester H. Cook, AM, is visitingassociate professor of English at theCollege of Charleston in Charleston,South Carolina this year.Dan H. Cooper, AM, accepted theposition of teaching principal beginninglast month at Borel school in SanMateo, California.Andrew P. Dunlop's position asresearch chemist with the Quaker OatsCompany consists of development workon furfural, a by-product of the oat-milling industry.From Topeka, Kansas we hear thatJohn Wesley Gates, AM, is principalof a junior high school there.Hazel I. Heath is an elementaryteacher and librarian in Rockford, Illi«nois.Leo A. Hoefer, AM, is principal ofthe Chopin Elementary School, Chicago.Fred C. Hubbard is in the cost department of the American Seating Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan.Walter G. Hjertstedt whose hobbyis developing objective tests in drawing is an instructor at Lane TechnicalHigh school, Chicago.DIEDClarence Vosburgh Gilliland,AM '20, professor of history at Southern California, on January 23, 1939 atthe age of 73.George A. Harper, '08, vice-president of the Southern Arizona Schoolfor Boys at Tuscon, on July 7, 1939, inHonolulu.Aaron Overton Jeffries, '19, former teacher at Sumner high school, St.Louis, Missouri, on May 6, 1939.Anna S. Jones, AM '09, on March16, 1939.Gustav Bernard Kimmel, AM '25,president of the Evangelical Theologicalseminary at Naperville, on July 14,1939, Boulder, Colo.Eleanor R. Kline, '38, on July 20,1939, in Havre, Montana.Joseph A. Krost, MD '81, physiciansince 1881, on July 19, 1939, Chicago.James Weber Linn, on July 16, 1939(see page 8).Dorothy Gifford Martin, AM '31,cataloger in the University of ChicagoLibraries, on August 12, 1939 in California. Walker G. McLaury, '03, trusteeRush Medical College, on July 27, 1939^Chicago.William W. Meloy, MD '97, eye,ear, nose, and throat specialist, on June19, 1939. Dr. Meloy was trustee ofWashington and Jefferson college, Chicago.Albert M. Merrill, '09, on June 26,1939, Ogden, Utah. Mr. Merrill hadrecently resigned the principalship ofOgden high school.Everett Lincoln Meservey, '99,DB '03, AM '05, founder, editor andpublisher of The Community Press, theWestmont newspaper, DuPage County,111., on August 22, 1939, in New YorkCity.Thomas Neivlin, PM '05, on January 25, 1939.George E. Nichols, '10, Yale University, on June 20, 1939, New Haven,Connecticut.Dr. Ira Maurice Price, professoremeritus of Semitic languages at theUniversity of Chicago, on September18, 1939, at the age of 83 years. Dr.Price was a member of the first facultyof the University of Chicago in 1892,but had been in retirement since 1925.Irma Rice (Mrs. George Beach), '06,on June 22, 1939, Tacoma, Washington.Albert C. Saxton, DB '08, in May,1939.Elsie W. Schlueter, '16, on May 1,1939.Emil C. Vrtiak, MD '19, on July31, 1939, Chicago. He was an associateprofessor in clinical medicine at Rushand specialized in research on arthritis,and rheumatism.Loren Wilder, MD '01, on August19, 1939, Chicago.Paul H. Willis, '34, instructor insocial sciences at Woodrow WilsonJunior College and Illinois field secretary for the Y. M. C. A., on September5, 1939, Chicago.John Charles Woodward, '06,founder and president of Georgia Military academy, on August 27, 1939, College Park, Ga.J. Sterling Yount, MD '93, surgeonfor the Wabash railroad, on July 18,1939 at the age of 72.BORNTo Mr. Robert C. Adair, '38, andMrs. Adair, a daughter, Barbara Reedon July 26, 1939.To Mr. and Mrs. Berghoff (SylviaFriedeman, '32) a daughter, Gail, onMay 22, 1939.To Mr. Paul M. Cliver, Jr., '34,and Mrs. Mary Ellison, '34, adaughter, Mary Elizabeth, on August8, 1939.To Mr. George W. Jennings, '19,and Mrs., 1819 E. 86th St., Chicago, adaughter, Elizabeth Anne, on April 15,1939.To James W. Nicely, '20, and Mrs.Nicely, their fourth daughter, PriscillaTerry on May 10, 1939, New York City.To Gilbert P. Small, '26, and Mrs.Small, a red haired daughter, on March22, 1939.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 39SCHOOL— SHORTHANDTo Lincoln Stulik, '28, MD '33,and Mrs. Stulik, a daughter, Fjeril onApril 10, River Forest, 111.To Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Wallace (Gladys Stewart '30), 1421 East58th Street, Chicago, a son, JamesHuntley, on July 29th.To Joh M. Waugh, MD '32, andMrs., a daughter, Mary Jean, May 14,1939. Dr. Waugh is associated withthe Mayo Clinic.To Mr. and Mrs. Earl Wechter(Zenia Goldbert), '36, on August 8,1939 a daughter, Susanne.To Mr. Harry D., '34 and Mrs. Wilson (Betty Hansen), '34, on July 20,1939, a daughter, Linda Carol.MARRIEDMarie Elizabeth Wendland, '29,to Alan Emmons Pradt on July 22,1939, Chicago.Harriett Valletta Krick, PhD'30, to Dorr Raymond Bartoo, PhD'28, on September 6, 1939, Genesee,Pennsylvania. They are living inCookeville, Tennessee.Max Mason, '30, son of former University of Chicago president, to BerthaCourtois de Backer, on September 2,1939, Los Angeles, California.Olive Beata Groth, '31, to Professor Herbert Arthur France of Connecticut State University, Storrs, Conn.,on June 22, 1939 in New York City.Marjorie Hamilton, '33, toArthur Abbott, '33, on July 8, 1939.They are now living at 1119 Hyde ParkBlvd., Chicago. Mr. Abbott is associated with Lyons and Carnahan, educational publishers.Lorraine Watson, '34, AM '38, toKeith Irving Parson, '33, JD '37, onJune 28, 1939 in the Joseph BondChapel of the University of Chicago.They are living at 2205 E. 70th Place,Chicago.John Elmer Lawson, '34, to Margaret Gledhill, July 29, 1939, in Howard, Pa. They are at home in StateCollege, Pa., where he is an instructorat Penn State.Mary Christine Gatewood, MD'34, to Marion Grier Fisher, graduateof Western Reserve Medical School, onJune 12, 1939.Rhoda B. Wagner, '34, to Harry A.Perlman, on June 30, 1939 at home,1950 E. 70th St., Chicago.Jane Weaver, '35, to Harry JeromeWharton on June 24, 1939, Chicago,Illinois.Mildred Rochelle Stern, '35, toIrving Gordon Lang, '35, JD '36, onJune 25, 1939, Chicago.Virginia Plumb to Philip CleaverWhite, '35, on September, 9, 1939,Streator, 111.Virginia Colby, to Roy N. James,'35, on July 14, 1939, Davenport, Iowa.Donald R. Evans, '36, Portland,Michigan, to Catherine L. Holmes, University of Kansas graduate, on August20 at Lawrence, Kansas.Louis Stone Hough, '36, to JeanMiller on September 23, 1939, in BondCJiapel. Mr. Hough plans to continuehis PhD work at the University thisyear. Several years ago he took time°ut to bicycle through Europe. C a t h 1 e e n Lautner to DonaldCharles Morris, '36, on August 30,1939, Chicago, Illinois.Robert Bernard Portis, MD '36,SM '37, to Alice Kleve, July 2, 1939,New York City.Bettie Skeneis to Edgar L. Ballou,'37, on May 15, 1939. Mr. Ballou isassistant cashier in the Security Trust& Savings Bank, Storm Lake, la.Beatrice Leving to Johann Bornstein, MD '37, on June 24, 1939, Chicago.Jean Winslow to Samuel PorterWhiteside, Jr., '37, on July 15, 1939,Chicago. They are living in GrandRapids, Michigan.Cora Clauson to Wells Dewey Burnett, '37, on September 9, 1939, at theFirst Baptist Church, Chicago.Lolagene Convis, '37, AM '39, toClyde H. Coombs of Santa Barbara,Calif, on September 1, 1939 at the Jefferson Park Congregational church,Chicago, Illinois.Betty Eckhouse, j38 to Jerry Rosenthal on June 24, 1939, Chicago.They are living at 4454 GreenwoodAve., Chicago.Winifred Andrews to Donal Wesley Decker, '38, on May 27, 1939 athome, 4515 Drexel Boulevard, Chicago.Edith PIansen, '38, to Benjamin F.Moore on June 2, 1939, Kansas City,Missouri.Marion Jane Facet, '38, to RobertJ. Guerin on June 20, 1939 at home, 190Glen Rd., Woonsocket, Rhode Island.Dorothy Muriel Clark, AM '38, toArthur Bohnen, on June 13, 1939, inthe University of Chicago Chapel. Theyare living in Lincoln Park West.Mary Elizabeth Carpenter, '39, toSamuel Lane McCarthy on June 17,1939, LaGrange, 111.Betty S. Grace, '39, to John E.Press, on July 1, 1939, at home, 3506W. 66th PI., Chicago.Adele Bietgfeld, AM '39, to WillardGidewitz on May 21, 1939, in Chicago.They are living in New York City.SOCIAL SERVICEMiss Dixon and Mr. McMillan wereout of residence during the Summer.Mr. McMillen spent much of the timein England and Ireland. In MissDixon's absence Eleanor Goltz Cranefield, AM '30, Associate Professor ofCase Work, University of Michigan,taught the case work courses. Duringthe first term of the summer, Dr. MabelNewcomer, Chairman of the Department of Economics of Vassar College,gave two courses, Financing the PublicWeljare Program, and The WeljareAdministration and American Government Finance. During the second term,Dr. Ewan Clague, head of the ResearchDivision of the Social Security Board,gave two courses, Government ResearchMethods with Special Rejerence to Social Security, and Problems in SocialSecurity Administration. Stuart Jaffery,an alumnus of the School, now Associate Professor of the School of SocialWork, Tulane University, and Elise dela Fontaine, of the Institute of FamilyService of New York City were other Your whole life throughShorthand will be useful to you.LearnGREGGthe world's fastest shorthand.SHEET METAL WORKSECONOMY SHEET METAL WORKS•Galvanized Iron and Copper CornicesSkylights, Gutters, Down SpoutsTile, Slate and Asbestos Roofing•1927 MELROSE STREETBuckingham 1893STOCKS— BONDS— COMMODITIESP. H. Davis, '11. H. I. Markham, 'Ex. '06R. W. Davis, '16 F. B. Evans, 'IIPaul H. Davis & Co.MembersNew York Stock ExchangeChicago Stock ExchangeChicago Board of Trade10 So. La Salle St. Franklin 8622SWEATERSGENUINE ATHLETIC SWEATERSSweaters and Emblems Made to OrderENGLEWOOD KNITTING MILLS6643 S. Halsted Street Wentworth 5920-21Established over one quarter of a centuryAMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. Jackson BoulevardChicagoA Bureau of Placement which limits itswork to the university and college field.It is affiliated with the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.TEACHERS' AGENCIESAlbert Teachers1 Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoEstablished 1885. Placement Bureau formen and women in all kinds of teachingpositions. Large and alert College andState Teachers' College departments forDoctors and Masters; forty per cent of ourbusiness. Critic and Grade Supervisors forNormal Schools placed every year in largenumbers; excellent opportunities. Specialteachers of Home Economics, Business Administration, Music, and Art, secure finepositions through us every year. PrivateSchools in all parts of the country amongour best patrons; good salaries. Well prepared High School teachers wanted for cityand suburban High Schools. Special manager handles Grade and Critic work. Sendfor folder today.40 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency57th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One FeeCHICAGO, MINNEAPOLISKANSAS CITY, MO. SPOKANENEW YORKHUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY25 E. JACKSON BLVD.Telephone Harrison 7793Chicago, III.Member National Associationof Teachers AgenciesWe Enjoy a Very Fine High School, Normal School,College and University PatronageUNDERTAKERSBOYDSTON BROS., INC.UNDERTAKERSSince 18924227-29-31 Cottage Grove Ave.All Phones OAKIand 0492UNIFORMSTailored Uniforms Made to MeasureWomen Doctors and Nurses, Stock sizeInterne SuitsANEDA McSWEENY1910 So. Ogden AvenueSEEley 3734 Evenings by AppointmentVENTBLATINQThe Haines CompanyVentilating and Air ConditioningContractors1929-1937 West Lake St.Phones Seeley 2765-2766-2767FOR SALE—Law Library of 1,000 vols.incl. 111. Sup. & App. Reports, — Amer. Anno. Cases— Amer. & Eng. Ency. andPlead. & Practice — CJ &Cyc. — Digests, Anno. Statutes, — Practice & TextBooks — Oak SectionalCases, — Large E&Y Cabinet Safe. For complete listof above available, addressClark Aby, Galva, Illinois. visiting members of the faculty duringthe Summer Quarter.Helen Hardy Brunot, 1926-1928, hasrecently left the staff of the AmericanAssociation of Social Workers to accepta position with the Welfare Council ofNew York City,Elizabeth McBroom, AM '34, formerly of the Public Welfare Department of the State of Washington, hasaccepted a position in the Departmentof Public Welfare, University of WestVirginia, teaching case work and supervising field work.Alice Shaffer, AM '35, Field WorkAssistant at the School, is spending ayear in Europe with the Friends' Service Committee doing work amongrefugee children.Roger Cumming, AM '36, has leftthe School where he has been supervising students in Family Welfare to takethe position of Field Representative inthe Minnesota State Department ofPublic Welfare.Earl Klein, PhD '38, has left theUniversity of Iowa to become Associate Professor in the newly organizedDivision of Social Administration, University of Illinois.Rachel Green, AM '38, has beengranted the Yardley Foundation Fellowship of the New Jersey State Federation of Women's Clubs for one yearof graduate work at the School. Theaward was made because of interest inMiss Greene's dissertation, a study regarding the care of dependent children.Mary Ruth Butler, AM '38, hasjoined the staff of the Council of SocialAgencies in Atlanta, Georgia.Joseph Shelly, AM '38, has accepted the position as Field ResearchSecretary of the Osborne Associationin New York City.Mary MacDonald, AM '38, Fellowin Social Service, is temporarily onleave with the Vocational RehabilitationService in Davenport, Iowa.James Brown IV, PhD '39, hasjoined the faculty of the School.Arthur James, AM '39, has acceptedthe position of Technical Assistant tothe Chief of Probation and Parole inthe U. S. Department of Justice. Itwill be his responsibility to develop theprogram for carrying out the provisionsof the Federal Juvenile DelinquencyAct.Frank Glick PhD '39, has acceptedthe position of Director of the Graduate School of Social Work at the University of Nebraska.Among the students who received theMaster's degree in Social Service at theAugust 1939 Convocation and who havetaken positions in medical social workare Ruth Cooper, Harper Hospital,Detroit, Michigan ; Edith Jordan,University Hospitals of Cleveland,Ohio ; Elizabeth McKinley, CrippledChildren's Program of Oregon; Margaret Strozier and Marie Waite,University of Chicago Clinics; Mrs.Helen R. Wright, University of IowaHospital. Those who have taken positions in psychiatric social work are:Iva Aukes, Illinois State Hospital atJacksonville; and Dorothy Crow, Northern New Jersey Mental HygieneClinic, Greyston Park, New Jersey.Those who have gone into the general public assistance field are: HarryChester in Georgia; Phyllis Chow,Board of Public Welfare in Hawaii;Harold Jambor, Department of PublicWelfare in Washington; CharlesRogers, Department of Public Assistance, Morgantown, West Virginia;Dorothea MacMinn, Training Department of the Department of PublicAssistance in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; Marcus Scherbacher, FieldSupervisor, Department of Public Welfare, Reno, Nevada.Those who have gone into Child Welfare are Catherine Barnes, StatePublic School in Sparta, Wisconsin;Mrs. Jim Jarrell Chiles, IllinoisChildren's Home and Aid Society;Marcia Dancy, Child Welfare Services in Michigan; Naomi Feeishman,Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society,New York City; Dorothea Herman,Supervisor in the S.P.C.C, Rochester,New York; Frances Hoar, Child Welfare Association, Honolulu; AliceJohnson, Child Welfare Services, Department of Public Welfare, Boise,Idaho; Verl Lewis, Child WelfareServices, in Oregon; C. Melvin Philbrick, Children's Division of the Illinois State Department of Public Welfare; John Seabrook, Director of aChildren's Agency under the EpiscopalChurch, Mitchell, South Dakota; ClaraTappe, Visiting Teacher, Cincinnati,Ohio; Helen Waters, Child WelfareServices, Indiana; Bernard Miran,Jewish Children's Bureau, Chicago;Eva Ravnitzky, S.P.C.C, Rochester,New York. Those who have acceptedpositions with private family welfareagencies are: Rebecca April, JewishSocial Service Bureau, Chicago;Eileen Greenough and Doris Olds,United Charities of Chicago; Oscar E.Whitebrook, Family Society of Brooklyn; Ruth Shefer, Family Bureau ofWinnipeg.Martha Branscombe, Mary Houkand Lois Utterback will continue onat the School, supervising students inFamily Welfare and taking additionalgraduate work. John Cronin has accepted a position on the faculty ofNotre Dame as Supervisor of FieldWork and Evelyn Hodges with theState College of Utah, teaching casework and supervising field work.Three other recent graduates whohave interesting positions are MichaelM. Dolnick, with the Illinois StateEmployment Service, Dora Shuser, towork with the Committee on Refugees,New York City, and Alice Whipple,with the Council of Social Agencies inDes Moines.Word has come that Sidney Teller,an alumnus of the School of Civics andPhilanthrophy, now Director of theIrene Kaufman Settlement of Pittsburgh, has recently been awarded the"Salute" of the Jewish Outlook ofPittsburgh. This award was made inrecognition of Mr. Teller's long anduseful service in his Settlement and inthe major civic movements of Pittsburgh.SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF ALUMNICLASS OF 1943As Contributing Editor Morgenstern points out in News of the Quadrangles, a new Freshman class thismonth is going through an "orientation" period on the University Quadrangles. As this issue of the Magazine goes to press the following roster of alumni children have been enrolled for their first year on the Midway. They are an important segment of a carefully-chosen class of more than 700.Second Generation Alumni ParentsMyles B. Anderson Gretchen Griminger Anderson, '38Chicago, 111.Randall B. Anderson Randall Anderson, '12Geneva, 111.Charles S. Annell Lydia Sylvester Annell, '22Dundee, 111.Joan Augustus Joseph J. Augustus, '15, J.D. '17Chicago, 111.William B. Barnard Harrison B. Barnard, '95Chicago, 111.George W. Baugher Albert Howard Baugher, M.D. '09Chicago, 111.Alfred M. Bjorkland Alfred Bjorkland, '09Chicago, 111.Donald Boyes Watson Boyes, Ph.D. '30Chicago, 111.Alice E. Carr Martha Behrendt Carr, '20Chicago, 111.John R. Cox Benjamin B. Cox, '21, S.M. '22Mountain Lakes, N. J. Nancy Campbell Cox, '31John A. Crosby Kenneth O. Crosby, '08Chicago, 111. Mary Staley Crosby, '11Olive L. Cummins Clyde M. Cummins, A.M. '17Chicago, 111.Agnew C. Darragh. Margaret Bell Darragh, '16Wollaston, Mass.Carl A. Dragstedt Carl A. Dragstedt, '16, S.M. '17Park Ridge, 111.Wendell H. Dwight. Samuel H. Dwight, '37East Lansing, Mich.Franklin B. Evans Franklin B. Evans, '16Chicago, 111. Arline Brown Evans, '14Richard A. Fineberg Isadore Fineberg, '19Chicago, 111.Richard A. Finney Harry A. Finney, '14Wilmette, 111.Felicity May Fonger Robert V. Fonger, '13Chicago, 111.Harold R. Gordon Harold J. Gordon, '17Chicago, 111.Mary Margaret Graham . . . Mary Swan Graham, '09LaGrange, 111.Howard E. Heller Anna Jarret Heller, '16Arlington Heights, 111.Glidden Warner Hinman. . .Lucile Bates Flinman, '15Highland Park, 111.Elizabeth R. Hirsch Samuel E. Hirsch, '13, J.D. '14Chicago, 111. Ruth Wilhartz Hirsch, '15Helen S. Hirsch Marion Lane Hirsch, '18Chicago, 111.Mary Hirschl Marcus A. Hirschl, '09, J.D. '10Chicago, 111. Jessie Heckman Hirschl, '10James R. Hoatson James R. Hoatson, '23Western Springs, 111. Edith Powell Hoatson, '20Mary N. Irwin William A. Irwin, '17Chicago, 111.Joseph Jacobson Moses A. Jacobson, '27, M.A. '32Chicago, 111.Alice Clay Judson Clay Judson, J.D. '17Chicago, 111.Robert S. Kincheloe Samuel C. Kincheloe, A.M. '19Chicago, 111. Second Generation Alumni ParentsAlice E. Kuh William H. Kuh, '11, S.M. '14Marinette, Wis.Beatrice N. Lesser Sol Lesser, '27Chicago, 111.Julian D. Levinson Abraham Levinson, '18Chicago, 111. Ida Perlstein Levinson, '09Herbert S. Mandel Viola Roth Mandel, '22Chicago, 111.Charles E. Mather William J. Mather, '17Chicago, 111.Richard H. Merrifield Wilson Merrifield, '03, D.B. '07Maywood, 111.Mary E. Miller .Charles G. Miller, '07Chicago, 111.Barbara J. Monser Paul C. Monser, '26Pontiac, 111.Charles Murrah Frank C. Murrah, '08Herrin, 111.Betty M. Newman George I. Newman, '18Lois E. Newman Chicago, 111.Joan A. Olson Carl T. Olson, '16Wyndmere, N. D.Edgar K. Paine Norman C. Paine, '13, M.D. '19Glendale, Calif.Ann W. Patterson Buell A. Patterson, '17Chicago, 111. Ruth Sheehy Patterson, '17Janet E. Peacock , . .William R. Peacock, '09, J.D. '11Chicago, 111.David T. Petty Dewitt T. Petty, A.M. '20Chicago, 111.Rosalie T. Phillips Helen Thielens Phillips, '14Chicago, 111.Zipporah H. Pottenger .... Martha Livingstone Pottenger, '20Chicago, 111.Frank J. Psota Frank J. Psota, '18, M.D. '19Chicago, 111.Barbara V. Quinn Nola Nye Quinn, '16Gary, Ind.Milton E. Robinson III Milton E. Robinson, Jr., '11, J.D.Chicago, 111. 14.Wilhelmina Priddy Robinson, '11,J.D. '14William H. Russell John D. Russell, '28Chicago, 111. 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GideonseThese pamphlets with their keen andimpartial treatment of pertinent topicsilluminate the current scene and provide you with authoritative information in brief reading time.These pamphlets have attracted wideattention among editorial writers andreviewers . . .New York Times says of von Hayek's FREEDOMAND THE ECONOMIC SYSTEM:". . . . a thoughtful pamphlet by a prominentAustrian economist now at the University ofLondon. His argument deserves to be widelyread and seriously considered, for it deals withwhat may ultimately be recognized as the central issues of our time."Events says of Schmitt's FROM VERSAILLES TOMUNICH, 1918-1938:". . . . a very clear and brilliant analysis of theinternational situation that had its outcome in thesigning of the Munich agreement."The Annalist says of Hart's HOW THE NATIONAL INCOME IS DIVIDED:". . . . in small compass a considerable body ofstatistical facts regarding the national incomeand its distribution. 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