¦THE UNIVERSITYOFCHICAGO MAGAZINEM B E RAMERICA'S ANSWERA LL over the world, nations are struggling toJ[\^ obtain a higher standard of living for theirpeople. They are resorting to conquests, boycotts,experimental forms of government. But Americahas its own answer to this problem — a solutionwhich has proved its worth. This American workman and millions of his associates, aided by thescientists and engineers of industry, are raisingthe living standards of all of us. They are doingit by constantly developing new and better products, and then learning to make them inexpensive so that millions of people can afford them.For instance in 1927, when an electric refrigeratorcost about $350, approximately 375,000 werepurchased. In 1937,- a better refrigerator cost only $170. And because the cost had been cut in half,more than six times as many people bought them.In the same ten years the cost of a typical electricwasher has been reduced from $142 to $72, a console radio from $125 to $53, and a 60-watt Mazdalamp from 30 to 15 cents. And these new lower-cost articles, typical of hundreds of manufacturedproducts, perform better and cost less to operatethan their predecessors.General Electric scientists, engineers, and workmen, by contributing to this progress — by helping to create more goods for more people at lesscost — are hastening the day when all may enjoythe comforts and conveniences which only therich could afford a few years ago.G-E research and engineering have saved the public from ten to one hundred dollarsfor every dollar they have earned for General ElectricGENERAL W ELECTRIC90-29DH1938-OUR SIXTIETH YEAR OF ELECTRICAL P R O G R E S S- 1 9 3 8THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEPUBLISHED BY THECharlton T. Beck, '04Editor and Business Manager ALUMNI COUNCILHoward P. Hudson, '35Associate EditorFred B. Millett, PhD '31; William V. Morgenstern, '20, JD '22; Jay Berwanger, '36Contributing EditorsArthur C. Cody, '24; Dan H. Brown, '16; Ruth Stagg Lauren, '25Council Committee on PublicationsN THIS ISSUETHE COVER: Amos Alonzo writer is Edith Grossberg Whitesell, is always a treat. Specifically, weStagg, 76 years old and still '34, known to D. A. audiences for her commend to you, "The Free Mind,"going strong. It will be home- writing and acting, and the recent an address given October 25 at thecoming for all Chicago alumni No- recipient of the Hopwood prize and New York Herald-Tribune Forumvember 12, the day when Stagg the Federal Theater national prize for which was well-received and widelyreturns to the field named in his her three act play Roots, which she quoted.honor, leading a rival team. Plans wrote in one act form while a student. •for the week-end festivities are ex- Valuable assistance was given her by Milton S. Mayer, '29, whose ar-plained on page 4. Norman Bridge Eaton, '30, JD, '33, tides regularly hit t^e nati0nal week-former president of the Dramatic As- Hes and m0nthlies, (see the November• sociation. Mr. O'Hara, who is de- Harper>Sf "Chicago: Time for An-When Samuel N. Harper, '02, son voting his time to teaching at the other Fire») is a member of the pub-of the first president of the Univer- University, is out of residence this Hcity department. His description ofsity, was going through family records quarter and touring in Europe. the "Mother of Comptons" resultedfor material to be placed in the log ^ from a visit with Mrs. Otelia Comp-cabin birthplace of his father in con-^ ton, was published in the Scientificnection with the centennial celebration Whether you agree with him or Monthly and is running in the currentof Muskingum College, he came not, a speech by President Hutchins November issue of the Readers Digest.across an unpublished manuscript.^ To the latter two publications we ex-The article, prepared in 1904, con- tend our thanks for permission to re-siders the phenomenon of the college TABLE OF CONTENTS print it.president, confirming for newer gen- NOVEMBER, 1938 •erations President Harper's legendary Page . t ¦ u t. , t , .„. -n t. ti r T oA fascinating case study of a bat-sparkle and brilliance. Probably few Letters — * &. u / . ,alumni in recent times have had the The College Pkes^ent, WMtam fling psychology problem is theopportunity to read any of his writ- **" Ha?er m'Tv''' Tu\ " "'• r™ r •. ¦. i Mother of Comptons, Milton S. Mayer 8 penence with Amnesia.ings. Therefore, we appreciate the Ajjmm Club Meetings 9 ppermission of Professor Harper, An ^^^ WlTH Amnesia, •Muskingum College and the Univer- Henry Peterson 10 Emmett Deadman, '39, will, as thesity Press for allowing us to give the The Campus Bystander, Emmett Campus Bystander, report regularlyarticle the circulation among the Deadman 12 ,i artjviriec nf fUe iinderpraduates* News of the Quadrangles, William of the senior class, is chairman of theV. Morgenstern 17 board of the Daily Maroon.Space limitations have prevented Frank Hurburt O'Hara, '15, Edith ^us from publishing earlier the tribute A Grossberg Whitesell 19of the Dramatic Association alumni to £TH™ 5 v^^h.n I 'ea Whether New 0r °M ^ y0U'UFrank Hurburt O'Hara, '15, who re- H™* . . . . '. . \ *. . . 22 get a chuckle from Stephen Leacock'ssigned as director last June. The News of the Classes. 23 tips on passing exams.Published by the Alumni Council of the University of Chicago monthly, from October to June. Office of Publication, 403 Cobb Hall, 58th St. atEllis Avenue, Chicago. Annual subscription price $2.00. Single copies 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, at the Post Umceat Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. The Graduate Group, Inc., 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City, is the official advertising agency°f the University of Chicago Magazine.2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE• Few lands present such striking contrasts as South Africa. You may enjoymodern luxury at the coast resorts ofNatal, and a few hours by motor takesyou to Zululand, where the natives livein their primitive kraals according tothe customs of their ancestors.There's less than a day between thegay social life of Johannesburg andKruger Park's vast game reserve, whereyou can sleep in a rest camp amid theeerie sounds of an African night.You can ride in a speedy Airwaysliner, or a deluxe S.A.R. train, withmodern dining, observation and clubcars, and see below you the farmer'splodding ox trains. In Durban motorcar and ricksha run side by side, andeven the population of the larger citiespresents interesting variety-Europeans,Malays, Hottentots, Bantu and Indians.Interesting also is the contrast betweenthe rich historical associations and thesprightly modern development of Citieslike Capetown, Pretoria, Bloemfontein,and Port Elizabeth.South Africa is truly a land of thrilling contrast — of breathtaking sights.The splendid climate, fine transportation facilities and comfortable hotelsmake travel a pleasure !SEE SOUTH AFRICAThe most interesting travel landFull Information about Independentor conducted tours from any leadingtravel or tourist agency. LettersAN ALUMNA IN CHINATo the Editor:I am sorry to have to resort to thiskind of impersonal letter, but it is theonly practical way of catching up withthings after a summer of travel as arefugee from Wuchang. If you want tosee the world, I suppose being a refugeeis as good a way as any, but I do notrecommend it, in spite of having enjoyed many pleasant experiences on theway. Right now, our one aim in lifeis to settle somewhere and unpack thetwo suitcases that are all we broughtalong.We left Wuchang right after the college closed in June, taking the boat up-river to Ichang, the first big port aboveHankow. Although we had gonethrough many an air raid during theyear and had seen some fighting andbombing at pretty close hand, we hadlittle appetite for being present whenthe indiscriminate bombing began.Transportation is very difficult in thesedays, so we only took out what we mostneeded, four full bags and a typewriter.All the rest of our worldly goods, fortunately not much, we left behind in ourhouse on the college campus, and if itis not blown up or looted, we hope fora reunion in a year or so. The trip upto Ichang was pleasant and restful aftermany weeks of listening for air raidalarms, giving examinations and packing. Ichang itself is not much of atown, being stuck together with veryplastic mud, full of large black pigs.However, we were fortunate in gettinga nice, empty bungalow to live in,located in the American Church Mission Compound. Our house was surrounded with bamboo trees and gravemounds, and it rained all the time, butit was peaceful and cool, the two thingswe most hoped for. The rest of thecompound was devoted to the use ofrefugee children from the war zones.Every day or so, groups of a hundredwould march in for a bath and changeof clothes and then be sent on their wayto the government orphanages up-river.They are such attractive youngsters,orderly and cheerful and brave.Our next stage was to travel up theYangtse gorges to Chungking, the mostrecent seat of the Central government.We thought that was the most thrillingboat ride possible until later in our tripwhen we encountered even wilder water,worse rapids, and more tall mountains.However, for a start, it was not bad atall. The river steamer goes for threeor four days — depending on the current— through steep mountains, great wallsof rock, and over rapids, sometimes having to depend on gangs of trackersto augment the power of the boat andpull it through the worst places.Szech'uan, the great western provincewhere Chungking is located, is a veryrich country, with beautiful mountainscenery, waterfalls and, inland from theriver, a great farming plateau. Chungking is being modernized at a great rateand has many tall buildings, wide streetsand nice stores, although it is still necessary to ride in sedan chairs up anddown the innumerable flights of stepsthat constitute the cross-town streets.It was very interesting staying there,and we lingered for nearly a month;every day some new friend from downriver or from the U. S. A. turned up,and it seemed as if the necessities ofrefugeeing had brought all the peoplewe ever knew to that one spot. FromChungking we flew to Wochow, inKwangsi province, in the south, nearCanton ; that necessitated leaving behindtwo suit cases and reduced us to ourpresent somewhat meagre condition, butit was well worth it. The mountainsover which we flew were lovely to see,but would have been unbearable to driveover in a springless motor bus. FromWochow, a modernized, typical southern city, we took a very horrible littlemotor launch up the Kwei river, intothe interior of the province, to reachthe provincial capitol, Kweilin, whereHua Chung College will open this fall,whenever the professors and studentsget here. It was even more thrillingfighting qur way up the Kwei than upthe Yangtse for the boat went agroundon the rocks every few hours, and required trackers and pole men to get itafloat again. We had our first experience of an un-modernized Chinese hotelat Ping-O, where we stopped over toget the bus for the last stage of ourtrip, and it made us appreciate whatwonderful progress has been made inother parts of the country.At last we are safe and sound inKweilin, after seeing a prodigiousamount of China. It is a glorious country indeed, beautiful beyond words, andthe destruction that is being wroughthere is an unspeakable crime. But Iam sure you all know that already, without my editorializing now. And I amsure you know that I very often thinkof all my friends in America and hopefor news of them.Ruth Earnshaw Lo, '31.Hua Chung College,Kweilin, Kwangsi,China.September 11, 1938.(Ruth .Earnshaw Lo was for severalyears Associate Editor of the Magazine.For further news of the Orient andfrom a different viewpoint, see Nezvsof the Classes. — Ed.)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEFRIEDA S. MILLERTo the Editor :You seemed to be interested in thefact that Frieda S. Miller, now Commissioner of Labor of New York State,had been a student here. She graduatedfrom Milwaukee Downer College in 1911and came here at once. That is, she washere through the years of 1911-12,1912-13, 1913-14 and 1914-15. Hergrades were all very high, mostly A's.She passed her French and Germanexaminations for the Doctor's degreein December of 1914 and took her finalexamination in Sociology, which washer minor (in those days we had majorsand minors), on the third of January,1917. Her work was all in PoliticalEconomy, as we called it then, andPolitical Science, except a few coursesin Law and Sociology. As I said yesterday, she did a great deal of workwith Professor Hoxie. I don't nowrecall the date of his death but his deathis undoubtedly the explanation of hernever having completed her dissertationand taken her examination in her majorsubject. During her residence here shelived in Green Hall and was a delightful person in a group of that kind.It is certainly very gratifying to thinkof one of our former students as thehead of the greatest state labor department in the country. She has repre sented the United States at the International Labor Conference in Genevaand the Inter-American Labor Conference in South America. She is one ofthose whose training and promotion canbe in part credited to the liberality ofMr. Roosevelt and perhaps of Al Smith.I am not sure how long Miss Millerhas been with the Department but thegreat point about Mr. Roosevelt is that,and that was the oldest argument of theSuffragists, he really appoints the bestperson he can find for the job and ifshe happens to wear petticoats that factdoes not blind him to her professionalqualifications. You have found no onewho has criticised Miss Perkins from aprofessional standpoint, nor has anyonecriticized Florence Allen from the pointof view of her lack of qualifications forthe Federal bench, and there are manyin the legal profession who cherishhopes that before he leaves the WhiteHouse she will be on the Supremebench — but I didn't mean to write adisquisition on Women's Rights. Thisis really on the selection of qualifiedpersons regardless of sex or color orprevious condition of religious affiliation.Sophonisba P. Breckinridge,,Ph.D.'Ol, J.D/04.School of Social ServiceAdministration. LANGUAGESMade <LINGUAPHONEThis amazing new Method enables you, inyour own home, to speak and read any of23 foreign languages in an incredibly shorttime. Endorsed by leading university professors and thousands of men and womenas the quickest, simplest and most thoroughlanguage method. Send for catalogue andFREE Trial Offer.LINGUAPHONE INSTITUTE34 Rockefeller Center New York CityOriginality in GiftsNAVAJO INDIAN RUGSDistinctive — Decorative — Durable• Color, Warmth, and Beauty for college rooms, homes, or clubs.Handwoven by Navajo Women entirely with wool from their ownsheep.No two alike— Prices $3.00 to $50.00.EVON Z. VOGT '06Vogt Ranch, Ramah, New MexicoWHEN ENTERTAININGBefore or After the GameYOU'LL FIND IT A PLEASURE TOSERVE SWIFT'S PREMIUM HAMOn these crisp fall days when "the crowd"gathers at your house for a snack before thegame, or a buffet supper after — you'll findyourself acclaimed the hostess supreme byserving a Swift's Premium Ham.Your guests (and, of course, you, too) willbe delighted with the ham "tender as spring-chicken." And itsfirm texture will make the carving easy. They will enjoy themarvelous Premium flavor. Order a Swift's Premium Hamfor the next home game. Theham in the blue wrapper youbake before serving; the onewith the red wrapper (QuickServe Style) is ready to servecold, or you simply heat itthrough.With either style, you'll de-your guests and find it a pleasure tohost." 'playSwift's Premium HamMARVELOUS FLAVOR . . * SPRING CHICKEN TENDERNESSHomecoming Alumni Honor"The Old Man"Alumni and students are joining to welcome AmosAlonzo Stagg when he returns to the Midway November 12bringing his College of the Pacific team to play theMaroons. The program is as follows:FRIDAY, NOVEMBER II12:00 Noon — Freshman-Sophomore tug-o-war in the circle.3:30 P. M. — Victory Vanities, Mandel Hall, sponsored bySkull and Crescent.6:30 P. M. — Homecoming dinner in Hutchinson Commons, under the joint sponsorship of theOrder of the C and the Chicago AlumniClub. Coach Stagg will be guest of honor.Tickets, $1.25. Men only.9:30 P. M. — Homecoming Dance, Bartlett Gym, sponsored by Iron Mask.SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 122:00 P. M. — The College of the Pacific vs. the Universityof Chicago, Stagg Field. Tickets, $2.50.HIGHLIGHTS IN THE LIFE OF STAGG . . . Pictured from left toright: Stagg plays end at Yale ... A young divinity student of oldEli in one of his lighter moments . . . On the Yale diamond in 1888. . . Stagg leads his 1913 warriors off the field ... At WesternNormal, 1930 . . . Opening workout for the team of 1930 . . . the"Grand Old Man" wearing the. Maroon jacket he loved so well.VOLUME XXXI THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINE NUMBER 2NOVEMBER, 1938THE COLLEGE PRESIDENTABOUT three thousand years ago there came intoexistence a new profession — that of the prophet.The early history of this profession had muchin common with the rise of a profession coming to' berecognized as such for the first time in the presentgeneration — that of the college president. In the earliestdays of prophetism the incumbent of that office was notinfrequently termed "mad." The presence in its ranksof certain men occasioned great surprise for it becamea proverb, ."Is Saul also among the prophets?" Notinfrequently these prophets in their enthusiasm strippedthemselves of their clothing and fell down in a trance.At one time in this early period, we are told, there wereabout four hundred of them.It is somewhat the same in these early days of thecollege president. He is not infrequently treated as"mad." Very common is the phrase, "Has Jones alsobecome a college president?" Instead, however, ofstripping himself, he labors without ceasing to stripothers. The number is the same, about four hundred.The analogy between the ancient dervish and the modern college president might be pressed even more closely;but it is unnecessary.A superficial observer will find much to substantiatethe very common accusation that the college presidentis professionally a prevaricator. Do not members of acollege faculty distinctly recall many occasions whenthe president has promised promotion, or increase ofsalary, or a special appropriation for books and equipment; promises that he has forgotten as soon as thedoor was closed upon the interview? Is it not truethat on many occasions, students, summoned to thepresident's office to meet charges made against them,have left the office wholly satisfied that these chargeshad been shown false and firmly convinced that thepresident was on their side, only to find the next daythat the verdict declared them guilty rather than innocent ?,How often, too, it has happened that the president intalking with one person, or group of persons, hasseemed to entertain a given opinion, whereas, in con-* Reprinted from The William Rainey Harper Memorial Conference Heldin Connection with the Centennial of Miqskingitm College, October 21-22,1937, by permission of Muskingum College and the University of ChicagoPress. Samuel N. Harper, son of the first president, makes this comment:"In the examination of the family files for material which might appropriately be placed in the log cabin where Dr. Harper was born, this unpublished manuscript was found. It seemed proper that this article, prepared in 1904, be read at the centennial dinner, when former presidents ofMuskingum College and Muskingum alumni who had headed educationalinstitutions were being memorialzed." • By WILLIAM RAINEY HARPERversation with another person, or group, strangelyenough a different opinion on the same subject was expressed. It is reported that the president of a NewEngland college not long since gave up his position because his statements on the same subject to differentpeople varied so radically ; in other words, because thetruth as he represented it was so multiform. To beentirely just to New England, it must be added, reportsof this tenor are not restricted to that section of thecountry.The president of a college or university who succeedsat times in concealing his real thought concerning thisman or that subject is politely called a diplomat. Is itdiplomacy, or is it lying?. Or may a more euphemisticphrase be found to describe the policy which mustcharacterize his dealing with all classes of men if heis to remain a college president?A closer study of the case and the examination ofspecific instances will furnish evidence that the professor who thought he had been promised promotion or anincrease of salary made petition to this effect, was received courteously, and mistook courteous treatment fora business pledge. The student, it will be found, forgot that the president was his judge. A judge is silentuntil sentence is to be pronounced. The student mistook that silence for acquiesence in his own statement.It is easy enough to- imagine that the person to whomone talks has in his mind the thought of the speaker.The next step is easier still, actually to believe that thelistener has approved the words of the speaker, or perhaps that he has spoken them.Possible it is, to be sure, that the president in expressing his desire that such and such a thing shouldbe, sometimes makes a statement that is open to strongerinterpretation than he intended. It would be strangeif he did not occasionally consent to a proposition which,upon later consideration, might appear to be impracticable; or which, however urgently he might present itto the powers that be, would fail to secure their approval. Does he likewise sometimes forget? Unquestionably, for he is human. Does he sometimes reallyundertake to do the impossible? Surely, and he discovers this fact to his cost. In all these cases, from thepoint of view of the other man, he is, in the languageof the street, a liar. And yet, I dare say, he still supposes himself worthy of the confidence of his fellow-creatures.The college presidency is a profession in which a large56 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEpercentage of one's time and energy is occupied in saying "no." Real risk is taken when, for the sake ofvariation, even in a small proportion of these cases akindly interest is shown. To be brutal may not be sogood a policy at the time, but in the long run it probably pays. One of the most distinguished universitypresidents now living was noted during a large portionof his career for his extreme brutality. It is altogetherprobable that the high success which he has achievedis due in no small measure to this fact. He is said tohave become greatly softened in his later years. Onecan afford to practice a policy in later years which wouldspell ruin in the early career.It is contended, with some show of plausibility, thatthe modern college president is, first and last, a "boss."Does he not have almost unlimited power? May he notexercise this power at his own pleasure? Does he notset up and pull down? Can he not brow-beat andthreaten ? Is not the life of every professor in his hands ?Does he not make and break careers? Is not the administration of a college or university in these timesan example of one-man power? It is so maintained,and we must confess there are some facts which seemto favor this contention.If the existence of one case of this kind, or even ofseveral, would warrant us in supposing that it wasgenerally true, the question would be settled. Perhapsthere has not been known in recent years, a more typical instance of despotism than that which is said to haveexisted in a certain State University. The writer isfully aware of the fact that this same word "despot"has been applied both good-naturedly and ill-naturedlyto his own administrative policy. But it is interestingto observe that within a few months there has beenappointed the first president of the University of Virginia — a significant fact in the history of education,showing that the extreme democratic policy initiatedby Thomas Jefferson is regarded as a failure. It isprobable that Mr. Jefferson, if living, would himselfrecognize the failure of his cherished idea. In these lastyears has Harvard outstripped Yale? If so, is it notpartly because at Harvard the president is given larger.power ?To what extent is the college or university of moderntimes a business enterprise, requiring the adoption ofbusiness methods in the transaction of its affairs? Ifthis point of view is provisionally assumed, light maybe shed upon the question from the study of the tendency in modern business concerns. As institutionsgrow larger and more complex, is there not inevitably atendency towards specialism in administration, and anecessity for organization which will definitely locateresponsibility? The departmental professor in a collegeor university is ordinarily wholly occupied with theaffairs of his own subject. The responsibility restsupon him to develop that subject as best he can. He is,to be sure, an agent responsible for the institution as awhole, and any policy that would injure the institutionwould be felt by his department. At the same time, thedepartmental interest is uppermost in his mind, and hisjudgment in decisions of questions of general policy isnecessarily biased. Decisions made even by many persons of judgment more or less biased and without a per sonal knowledge of the questions at issue, are not likelyto be wise decisions.Should not the president of an institution of learningbe restricted in his power? Shall the highest educational interests of a great republic be placed in the handsof men who may be called czars? A close study of thesituation will show that, when all has been said, thelimitations of the college president, even when he hasthe greatest freedom of action, are very great. In allbusiness matters he is the servant of the trustees orcorporation ; and his views will prevail in that body onlyin so far as they approve themselves to their good judgment. In educational policy he must be in accord withhis colleagues. If he cannot persuade them to adopt hisviews, he must go with them. It is absurd to supposethat any president, however strong or willful he may be,can force a faculty made up of great leaders of thoughtto do his will. The president, if he has the power ofveto, may stand in the way of progress, but he cannotsecure forward movement except with the co-operationof those with whom he is associated. If there is oneinstitution in which the president has too much power,there are ten in which he has too little.The office of the college president is an office of service. Everything good or bad which connects itself withservice is associated with this office. True service everywhere involves suffering for others. In no other profession, not even in that of the minister of the Gospel, isvicarious suffering more common. But one cannot besuffering for another unless one suffer also with thatother. A fundamental characteristic of the presidentmust be a sympathetic nature. He is doomed to failureunless he is able to place himself in the position of otherswith whom and for whom he has been called to work.In the truest sense the position is a representative one.He does many things, not of his own choice, but because he represents his colleagues. He may not do thisor that thing according to his own pleasure or his ownsense of what is proper. The decision to do or not todo must rest largely upon the possible effect, helpful orharmful, to the institution of which he is head. Inshort, he is the slave of his environment and must submit to the drudgery as well as the misery of that slavery.And, besides, another feeling which gradually growsupon the occupant of the presidential chair is that ofgreat loneliness — the feeling of separation from all hisfellows. At certain times he realizes that in all truthhe is alone; for those who are ordinarily close to himseem to be, and in fact are, far away. On occasionsof this kind courage is needed; strength, of a peculiarcharacter. An ordinary man, and after all the collegepresident is an ordinary man, cannot thus be cut offfrom his associates and fail to experience the sorrow ofsuch separation. The college presidency means the giving up of many things, and, not least among them one'smost intimate friendships. Moreover, this feeling of separation, of isolation, increases with each recurring year,and, in spite of the most vigorous effort, it comes to bea thing of permanence. This is inevitable, and it is assad as it is inevitable.While it happens that the words as well as the actionsof the president are misunderstood by those about him,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 7WILLIAM RAINEY HARPEReven by those of his colleagues who stand nearest tohim, he is indeed fortunate if a worse thing does notcome — the wilful effort to misrepresent him. He cannot exercise the functions of his office honestly withoutdisturbing at times some even of those whom he believes to be his friends. And when this happens, thesefriends, perhaps unconsciously, will cease to find backof his actions the motives which he himself entertains.It is sometimes pitiful to see how easily men will misunderstand each other and how complacently the misrepresentations of another's thought are spread frommouth to mouth. The reader will say that such thingsdo not happen. Let me assure him that experience demonstrates not only the possibility but the frequency oftheir occurrence. Three cases of persecution throughmisrepresentation, which was actually malicious, haveoccurred within a year. The names of these institutionsare well known.There come likewise times of great depression whenone contemplates in all its details the bigness of thetask*which lies before him. In many instances this bigness becomes overwhelming, because of the exactingnature of the demands made, together with the numberand magnitude of the difficulties involved. So numerousare the affairs of a great university; so heavy are they,in the responsibility which they impose; so delicate anddifficult, in the diplomacy which their conduct requires;so arduous, in the actual time required for their management ; so heart-engrossing and mind-disturbing, thatthere is demanded for their adequate supervision a manpossessing the strength of a giant and an intellectual ca pacity and a moral courage of the most determinedcharacter. One, indeed, possessed of strength, feels himself weak when he is brought face to face with all thatis demanded; and one becomes sick at heart when hecontemplates how much additional strength is needed toenable him to fulfill his duties as his conscience tellshim they should be fulfilled.Besides all this, there is found in moments of greatest encouragement a feeling of utter dissatisfaction withone's own work. To what definite thing can the president point and say — this is my work ? Does he not findhis highest function in helping others to do the thingswhich he himself would like to do? Yet he must standaside and see others take up this very work which inhis heart he would desire to handle. The head of aninstitution is not himself permitted to finish a piece ofwork. It is his business to find ways and means bywhich others may be helped to do their work. Somepresidents never learn this difficult art — the art of letting others do things which one wishes himself to do.And for this reason not a few men fail to fill satisfactorily the office of president. There are two commonmaxims which, if quoted in a form exactly the oppositeof that in which they are in vogue, must regulate thework of the chief officer of a university if that work isto be successful. The first of these is this : One shouldnever himself do what he can in any way find someoneelse to do. It is fair to presume that, with a single exception, there is no function of the presidential officethat cannot better be performed by one or another member of the staff than by the president himself. I meanby this that for each particular function there can befound a man who has the peculiar ability to do thatservice better than the president can do it. The onefunction which may not be included in this statement isthe selection and nomination of new members of thestaff. Further, the president should never do todaywhat by any possible means he can postpone until tomorrow. Premature action is the source of many moremistakes than procrastination. No decision should everbe reached, or at all events announced, until the latestpossible moment has arrived, for how many are the instances in which new evidence has been introducedwhen, alas, it has been found too late to make use of it.But there is also a bright side to this picture. Howcan one fail to find great satisfaction in a work whichbrings him into close association with life confessedlyhigher and more ideal than ordinary life ? If in any environment idealism reigns supreme, it is in that of theuniversity. There one works for and with young manhood and womanhood ; and nothing in all the world ismore inspiring than work in such association. It isthe period in human life of greatest inspiration, of mostintense enjoyment, and of loftiest aspiration. The sadness of life is for the most part a thing of the future.Ambition is the keynote ; and affection is in its best andpurest mood. The life of a university officer is in manyrespects the most ideal that exists. The minister meetseverywhere sorrow and sickness and death. The lawyerstruggles against dishonesty, dissipation, and fraud. Thephysician is almost wholly occupied with want and pain{Continued on Page 20)MOTHER OF COMPTONS'• By MILTON S. MAYER, '29HONORARY DEGREES are supposed to signifyachievement — sometimes achievement in scienceor the arts, sometimes (though seldom openly)the achievement of the college in wheedling a new dormitory from a prosperous citizen. A few years agoOhio's historic Western College for Women bestowed adoctorate of laws for neither of these reasons. To awoman, youthful at 74, it awarded the LL.D. "for outstanding achievement as wife and mother of Comptons."The ceremony over, the new doctor hurried back tothe welcome* obscurity of an old frame house in Wooster,Ohio. Otelia Compton doesn't want to be famous, andshe isn't. But her four children are.Those who extol the virtues of heredity may examinewTith profit the Compton family tree. The ancestors ofthe first family of science were farmers and mechanics.The only one of them associated with scholarship wasa carpenter who helped nail together the early buildingsof Princeton. There was no reason to predict that theunion of Elias Compton and Otelia Augspurger, twocountry schoolteachers, would produce columns inWho's Who.Yet Karl, their oldest son, is a distinguished physicist,now president of the great scientific institution, Massachusetts Institute of Technicology ; Mary, the secondchild, is principal of a missionary school in India andwife of the president of Allahabad Christian College;Wilson, the third, is a noted economist and lawyer, andis general manager of the Lumber Manufacturers' Association; while Arthur, the "baby," is, at 45, one of theimmortals of science — winner of the Nobel Prize inPhysics.How did it happen? The answer, according to thefour famous Comptons, is contained in the old framehouse in Wooster. Elias Compton was tlie belovedelder statesman of Ohio education ; he taught philosophyat Wooster College for 45 years. But he always explained that he was just one of Otelia's boys. All creditwas hers.Otelia Compton, characteristically, denies that she hasa recipe for rearing great men and women. She willadmit that her children are "worthy," but what theworld calls great has small significance for her. WhenArthur won the world's highest award in science, herfirst words were, "I hope it doesn't turn his head." Theonly way I was able to pry her loose from her reticencewas to get her into a good hot argument.There is nothing unfair about picking an intellectualquarrel with this woman of 79; she is more than equalto it. She reads as ardently as any scholar. She thinksas nimbly as any logician. One day this summer, herchildren kidded her about getting old. It seems sheforgot to take off her wrist watch before her daily swim.Cornered in her kitchen, Otelia Compton simply had*Reprinted by permission from the Scientific Monthly as condensed inthe Reader's Digest^ to admit that she knows something about motherhood.There are her four children, with their total of 31 college and university degrees and their memberships in 39learned societies. In addition, there are the hundreds ofboys and girls whose lives Otelia Compton shaped during the 35 years she spent directing the PresbyterianChurch's two homes for the children of its missionaries.Her forrpula is so old it is new, so orthodox it isradical, so commonplace that we have forgotten it andit startles us. "We used the Bible and common sense,"she told me.Did she think heredity important?That was easy for the descendant of Alsatian farmers."If you mean the theory that worth is handed down ina blue bloodstream, I don't think much of it. Lincoln's'heredity' was nil. Dissolute kings and worthless descendants of our 'best families' are pretty sad evidence.No, I've seen too many extraordinary men and womenwho were children of the common people to put muchstock in that."But there is a kind of heredity that is all-important.That is the heredity of training. A child isn't likely tolearn good habits from his parents unless they learnedthem from their parents. Call that environment if youwant to, or environment heredity. But it is somethingthat is handed down from generation to generation."She feels strongly that too many Americans todayare obsessed with the notion that their children "haven'tgot a chance." "This denial of the reality of opportunity," she said, "suggests a return to the medievalpsychology of a permanently degraded peasant class.Once parents decide their children haven't got a chance,they are not likely to give them one. And the children,in turn, become imbued with this paralyzing attitude offutility."Certainly the four young Comptons would never havehad a chance had their parents regarded limited meansas insuperable. Elias Compton was earning $1400 ayear while his wife was rearing four children and maintaining the kind of home a college community demands.The children all had their chores, but household duties— and here is an ingredient of the Compton recipe —were never allowed to interfere either with school workor the recreation that develops healthy bodies and sportsmanship.If heredity is not the answer, I wanted to know,what is?"The home.""That's a pleasant platitude," I said."It's a forgotten platitude," she replied sharply. "Thetragedy of American life is that the home is becomingincidental at a time when it is needed as never before.Parents forget that neither school nor the world canreform the finished product of a bad home. They forgetthat their children are their first responsibility."The first thing parents must remember is that their8THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 9children are not likely to be any better. than they arethemselves. Mothers and fathers who wrangle and dissipate need not be surprised if their observant youngones take after them. The next thing is that parentsmust obtain the confidence of their children in all thingsif they do not want to make strangers of them and havethem go to the boy on the street corner for advice.Number three is that parents must explain to the childevery action that affects him, even at the early age whenparents believe, usually mistakenly, that the child isincapable of understanding. Only thus will the childmature with the sense that justice has been done himand develop the impulse to be just himself."The mother or father who laughs at a youngster's'foolish' ideas forgets that those ideas are not foolish tothe child. When Arthur was 10 years old he wrote anessay taking issue with experts on why some elephantswere three-toed and others five-toed. He brought it tome to read, and I had a hard time keeping from laughing. But I knew how seriously he took his ideas, soI sat down and worked on them with him."Arthur — he of the Nobel Prize — was listening. "Ifyou had laughed at me that day," he interrupted, "Ithink you would have killed my interest in research.""The reason why many parents laugh at their children," Mrs. Compton went on, "is that they have nointerest in the child's affairs. It isn't enough to encourage the child; the parents must participate in hisinterests. They must work with him, and if his interestturns out to be something about which they know nothing it is their business to educate themselves. If theydon't, the child will discover their ignorance and losehis respect for them."When Karl Compton was 12, he wrote a "book" onIndian fighting. Mary was absorbed with linguistics.Wilson's devotion to the spitball made him the greatestcollege pitcher in the Middle West. Arthur, too, wasa notable athlete, but his first love was astronomy. Thecombination of Indian fighting, linguistics, the spitball,and astronomy might have driven a lesser woman todespair, but Otelia Compton mastered them all.When the four children were still under 10 years ofage their mother took them to the wilds of northernMichigan where they hewed a clearing and pitched atent. There these urban-bred children learned simplicitySEPTEMBER 29— Los Angeles : Joint dinner of Chicago and College of the Pacific Alumni, Royal PalmsHotel. Speaker: Amos Alonzo Stagg.NOVEMBER 3— Milwaukee : Milwaukee Alumniluncheon, Hotel Pfister, during sessions of WisconsinEducation Association. Speaker: Charles W. Gilkey.NOVEMBER 4 — Boston : Massachusetts Alumni dinner, Hotel Vendome, preceding Harvard game. Speaker :James Weber Linn.NOVEMBER 5— Buffalo: Buffalo Alumni dinnner atKathryn Lawrences' Dining Rooms. Speaker: JamesM. Stifler. and hard work. There they imbibed, as the mother ofComptons would have every town child imbibe, of theunity and mystery of Nature.The boys all worked summers and in college, gainingpriceless experience; and they all had their own bankaccounts, "not," their mother explains, "because wewanted them to glorify money but because we wantedthem to learn that money, however much or howeverlittle, should never be wasted."Would she put hard work first in her lexicon? Mrs.Compton thought a moment. "Yes," she said, "I would.That is, hard work in the right direction. The child whohas acquired such habits does not need anything else."And what is the "right kind" of hard work?"The kind of work that is good in itself.""What's wrong with working for money?" I asked.The mother of Comptons exploded. "Everything ! Toteach a child that money-making for the sake of moneyis worthy is to- teach him that the only thing worthwhile is what the world calls success. That kind ofsuccess has nothing to do either with usefulness or happiness. Parents teach it and the schools teach it, andthe result is an age that thinks that money means happiness. The man who lives for money never gets enough,and he thinks that that is why he isn't happy. The realreason is that he has had the wrong goal of life setbefore him."What did she mean by parents and schools "teaching"that money is happiness?"I mean all this talk about 'careers' and 'practical'training. Children should be taught how to think, andthinking isn't always practical. Children should be encouraged to develop their natural bents and not forcedto choose a 'career.' When our children were still inhigh school, a friend asked Elias what they were goingto be. His answer was, T haven't asked them.' Someof our neighbors thought we were silly when we boughtArthur a telescope and let him sit up all night studyingthe stars. It wasn't 'practical'."Yet it was his "impractical" love of the stars thatbrought him the Nobel Prize and something over$20,000; and in order that he might pursue his cosmicray research, the University of Chicago equipped a$100,000 laboratory for him.I thought of the four Comptons and I wondered if"impractical" parents weren't perhaps the most practical.NOVEMBER 7 — Denver: Denver Alumni luncheon,Daniels and Fishers Tearoom. Speaker: Emery T.Filbey.NOVEMBER 7— Bloomington, Illinois : McLeanCounty Alumni dinner, Bloomington Y.W.C.A. Speaker:Frederic Woodward.- NOVEMBER 12 — San Francisco : San FranciscoAlumni dinner, Union League Club. Speaker: EmeryT. Filbey.NOVEMBER 18— Washington : Midwest ConferenceAlumni dance, Congressional Country Club. All Washington alumni are invited.ALUMNI CLUB MEETINGSAN EXPERIENCE WITH AMNESIAHonorable Mention in Manuscript Contest• By HENRY PETERSON, '05SOME years ago a stranger in astate of amnesia was placed ina hospital next door to thewriter's home. The morning papersaid that he had been beaten androbbed and left half conscious on thehighway. It was believed that thtamnesia was a result of the beating.Being interested in amnesia as apsychological phenomenon, I visitedand made myself acquainted with thepatient. He said he thought his namewas O. D. Walraven because thewriting of the name with a singlestroke of the pen was habitual ; but hehad no other evidence. This namewas published in the papers by theAssociated Press, but no one seemedto have missed any one by that name.There was no reply.He could not tell the names of hisparents, where they lived, whether hehad brothers and sisters, or theschools in which he had been educated. On these things his mind wasa total blank. He thought he was anelectrician by trade because he couldfix with seeming skill the fixtures inthe hospital when they were out oforder; but he could not tell whetheror where he might have learned thetrade nor where he had been employed.The man was lame, one leg being an inch shorter thanthe other. He could not, however, recall how this hadcome about. He said he had discovered the lamenesshimself a day or two before in the hospital.One day when I visited him in the hospital he wasreading a magazine — his ability to read had not beenlost. He was reading about France. When I came inhe asked if France is a part of this country or whereit is. He said he knew the name but could not recallwhere the country is located.FINDING HIS TRADETo determine whether he was an electrician we wentone day to see an institution that he had been told wasa power plant. When we came into view of the buildingat a distance of a city block he said: "That is not apower plant ; it is a transforming station — a place wherehigh voltage currents are transformed for local usage."When we entered the building the superintendent showedus around. Mr. Walraven could explain with ease andHENRY PETERSON, '05Henry Peterson is Professor Emeritus of Psychology and until last year head of the department at Utah State Agricultural College. Hehas been in educational work all his life, hasstudied at Harvard, and at one time wassuperintendent of schools in Logan, Utah.Professor Peterson taught also at Latter DaySaints University and Brigham Young University. accuracy the equipment in the building, thus strengthening the view thathe was a trained electrician.We went next to a store whereelectrical fixtures, tools, and materialwere sold. He saw there at a distance of twelve to fifteen feet a littleelectric motor and shouted with ashow a emotion: "G. E. Motor."When asked what he meant by G. E.Motor he said : "General ElectricMotor." This suggested that we hadprobably found a clue with which hisforgotten past could be hooked up,but he could go no further. He couldnot tell where the General ElectricCompany was located nor any kindof relation he had had with the company. The incident, however, confirmed still further the belief that hewas a trained electrician.The man occupied a hospital roomat high expense. He was gettingdeeply into debt without getting anyrelief from his trouble. The doctorsconfessed they could do nothing forhim. To help him get out of thehospital and become self-supportingthe writer went to the leading electrical contracting firm in the city andasked the manager to give the manwork. On hearing the explanationthe manager took him on. A day or two later came theword from the manager : "He is doing our most difficultwork making moving electrical signs for business housesin the city."This accomplishment, however, did not solve the majorpart of the problem. There still remained the mysteryas to his identity, his right name, where he had comefrom, whether he had a bank account somewhere that hecould draw upon for his indebtedness, who his relativeswere and where they lived, and many other questions.THE USE OF SUGGESTION AND ASSOCIATIONTwo professors of psychology from the State university, having read of the case, came and attempted arestoration of his power of recall by means of suggestion and association. They brought a list of commonwords that are basic in association in every human mind.When these were given as stimulus words Mr. Walravenwas to respond with the first word that came to hismind. A stop-watch was used to give the exact timebetween stimulus and response. Other matters of theexperiment were arranged as scientifically as in a psycho-10THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 11logical laboratory. But the results were disappointing.The well chosen stimulus words did not associate withthe mental content of his pre-amnesic state. When thestimulus word father was given, which, it was hoped,would bring out the name of his father, he simply said"A male parent." To the stimulus word town he said,aA group of houses," where it was hoped he wouldname his home town. So on with the responses to therest of the stimulus words. The process did not givethe results expected. The man's past life was still entirely in the dark.THE USE OF HYPNOTISMA fruitful thought came to the writer's mind. Professor William James, under conditions somewhat comparable, had used hypnotism. Mr. Walraven, however,like most lay men, was superstitious about hypnotism.It took the writer several sessions to overcome this andto build up confidence in and desire for hynotism. Hefinally yielded and even became anxious to be hynotized.In that state of mind it was easy to put him. into a deephypnotic sleep. What the hypnotic trance might revealwas anxiously awaited.We were not held in suspense long. To the firstquestion he responded promptly — "My name is E. E.Warner." Like prompt and clear answers were givento other questions. He told that by trade he was anelectrician and enumerated the many places where hehad worked at the trade. The truthfulness of his statements were verified by subsequent correspondence withinstitutions for which he claimed to have worked. Results were now forthcoming. Contact had been madewith his pre-amnesic personality.The lameness mentioned above was now made clear.He said that he had been employed down in Mexico asa lineman for a telegraph company, that while there employed in a sparsely settled part of that country he hadfallen from a pole and broken his leg. In that regiononly a poorly trained doctor could be found and as aresult when the bones were set, the "quack" lapped themover one inch. Other explanations were made with likeclearness.HIS FIANCEHe gave in hypnosis his home-town where he hadlearned his trade. This was confirmed by correspondence with relatives and with the companions of his apprenticeship days. He informed us that he was notmarried, but that he was engaged to a young lady livingin Missouri. Letters were sent to her for confirmationof this statement. She had not heard from him duringthe period of his amnesia, which had now lengthenedinto weeks, and had thrown her into a state of greatanxiety. Now that she had word of him, though shehad not been told of his amnesia, she wanted immediatecommunication with him.After the hypnotic trance when the Walraven personality controlled the consciousness he was told of beingengaged to this young lady, and of her anxiety to hearfrom him. He showed no very deep interest in thisstrange lady with whom the Warner personality was in,love. He did, however, write her a letter at once and itwas in his habitual handwriting which did not changewith the change of personality. But he started the letter to the beloved of his other personality by addressingher as "Dear Madam" and by telling her coldly the factthat he had been informed by the writer of their friendlyrelationship. There was no mention in his letter of theengagement, or of the prospective marriage.The young lady, not understanding amnesia, and notrealizing that he was now a new personality, Walraven,that did not know her, with a show of increasing anxietywrote posthaste to the writer and asked, "Is he crazy?"He did not use to start his letters to me that way, nordid he write so coldly and with so little concern." Thathe later returned to his Warner personality is shown bythe fact that he went to Missouri to see her. If hehad remained in the Walraven personality, he would nothave traveled through several states to see a lady whomhe addressed as "Dear Madam."BIOGRAPHY WRITTENMany hypnotic seances were held. All the sessionswere private except one which was attended by the mayorand city commissioners, prominent doctors and lawyersand a few representative citizens. Due to thoroughhabituation and an eagerness for the facts of his pastlife revealed by former seances the subject was easilyhypnotized. The visitors expressed astonishment andsatisfaction on seeing hynotism put to serious use withsome of the ridiculous aspects often shown on the stage.Investigation into the subject's past life was systematic.Leading questions were prepared ahead of time and theanswers were recorded when given. From the abundanceof data thus gathered his biography was written givinga fairly complete account of the activities of his life.The data were tested for truthfulness by writing to manyof his former employers and to institutions where hehad worked.THE WARNER PERSONALITY RETURNSNot only were the data tested by correspondence. Arare opportunity presented itself to test the data by reading it to the personality that had experienced it. TheWalraven personality through several weeks or monthshad become a quite well developed one. But one evening,without previous warning, the E. E. Warner, the pre-amnesic personality, took command. The writer wasa stranger tO' this personality, but after some evidencesgiw^n by the former enough confidence was won totest the facts gathered in hypnosis. The facts wereread and confirmed by the personality that had experienced them.Some interesting observations on personality areworthy of note. As Walraven, the subject mingled withthe large worth while class of people found in businessand industry. He had built the Walraven personalityto that environment and felt comfortable there. TheWarner personality was not quite so good. In that personality the subject gravitated more to the ragged edgeof society, to the bootleg joint and the gambling den.That kind of environment seemed more natural to thatpersonality.After several weeks the Warner personality that hadbeen submerged began to show itself. Anticipating thischange the writer had given instruction, in the cafe wherethe subject boarded, to be called if the subject showed(Continued on Page 16)THE CAMPUS BYSTANDER• By EMMETT DEADMAN, "39COLLEGE SPIRIT, after a well-publicized absencehas come again to the University. It has comebecause after several years of only lackadaisicalinterest in the question, every organization on campushas simultaneously sought to provide students with moresocial opportunities.The initial impetus was given the movement by theSocial "C" Book dances. Departing from the usual procedure, the Social Committee planned- a series of fivedances for the autumn quarter, selling a book of admissions to the five for $1.50. These books, patterned afterthe athletic "C" book, have proved a tremendous success.Formerly about 200 would turn out for a campus dance.At the first two of these dances there have been wellover 700 and the Committee with a comfortable surplusalready assured, plans to continue the idea.The second sign of the times came on October 17 whenover 600 students piled into the Coffee Shop for a "FirstNighter" program celebrating the opening of the Shopin the evenings for after-library tete-a-tetes. The rapiditywith which this was accomplished indicates what can bedone if students are willing to go forward with theirideas.On Wednesday an editorial appeared in the DailyMaroon asking for a lounge where students might gatherand talk after the libraries had closed. Howard Mort,Director of the Reynolds Club, and Ruth White ofthe Commons, had an immediate answer — the CoffeeShop. The following Monday night as fraternitiesmarched in singing their chapter songs and graduatestudents dropped in individually for a cup of coffee,the myth of the typical University student who doesnot want campus social activity was no more. It wasnot that he had not wanted it — it was that he had neverbeen offered it in the proper form.Another organization which has attracted less fanfarebut will probably result in greater good for the University community is the Reynolds Club Council. Thisplan was formulated last spring and after working allsummer with a temporary committee Director HowardMort announced the appointment of permanent officerslast week. The Council will be in charge of planningactivities for the Club so that men who in the past couldhardly have found the companionship of home or afraternity house by sitting in the lounge alone may meetother men through these organized activities.Every organization, it may be repeated, is wideningout to extend opportunities for participation. TheDramatic Association, saying it is dropping the broad"a" in drama, has announced the abandonment of itswreekly teas. These will be replaced by meetings wheremembers will present short skits and plays so that morethan the few selected for a public performance will begiven a chance to participate.Chapel Union continues to grow and wax healthy asmore and more students find its unsophisticated mixture of discussion and fun a proper corollary to Universitylife. The American Student Union, chief center of political activity last year, has been relatively quiet thus far.The biggest noise on the political front is being madeby Political Union which, after a rather weak start lastyear has finally found itself. Applications for membership have come in so fast that the Executive Committeenow finds itself with a waiting list.The most startling organization to most campusites isthe Debate Union. This group with nearly 300 membershas long been neglected. Now with a program whichalready calls for several transcontinental and one transoceanic debate, it may soon become one of the University's outstanding assets, both as a forum for studentdiscussion and as a publicity organ.Publications have caused less furore this year than last,but comments were many as both Pulse and the DailyMaroon showed that changes of management had beenaccompanied by changes in policy. Pulse, in line withthe "normalcy" movement announced that it would"assume a more collegiate aspect . . . popularize theacademic and emphasize the extra-curricular." TheDaily Maroon, with a new appearance due to streamlinedheads, did not startle the campus as last year but declared with firmness that the Quadrangles must not beallowed to become a normal campus. For, said theeditorial writer, "The undergraduate body is a long jumpaway from being the haloed band of truth seekerspictured in University publicity, but the jump is not solong as at many another school. It is this abnormalitythat makes the campus unique and great, and that willprotect it from sinking too easily into any 'back to'normalcy' movement."Let no one think, therefore, that because of this socialrenaissance that the present University student body isabandoning its interest in the educational program of theUniversity and in the intellectual tradition for which itis great. Bertrand Russell's undergraduate class in"Problems of Philosophy" more than twice filled the hallfor which it was scheduled; his weekly lectures drawoverflow crowds to Mandel Hall.Meanwhile, the leaders who inaugurated the socialmovements find themselves more interested in studyingthan in working on the plans they themselves have largelycreated. Commenting on this editorially, the Daily Maroon asked that activities be turned over to those whocould benefit from them most — the students in the College. Nor is it beyond possibility that this year whenan active campus social program has been established,the responsibility of running this program may be turnedover to underclassmen ; the beginning perhaps of a movement culminating only in the complete shifting of activities to the four year College. This has long been thevision of the Administration — :we may now be witnessingthe first step toward its realization.12IN MY OPINION• By FRED B. MILLETT, PhD'31, Visiting Professor of English, Wesleyan UniversityEDITH RICKERT possessed, to an extraordinarydegree, three great gifts — beauty, vitality, andintelligence. Any one of these gifts would havemade her a striking and memorable person. The combination of these powers made her unique.It was Miss Rickert's beauty of which I first becameaware in the days — twenty-odd yearsago — when as a graduate student Iused to see her rapidly runningthrough cards in the catalogue roomof Harper Library, or making the stirof a miniature cyclone as she sweptdown the narrow aisles of W41, thecrowded Modern Language ReadingRoom, high in the West Tower. Herfine broad brow, her thick slightlygraying hair, parted in the middle anddrawn loosely back over the ears, thefine dark eyes, the erect and handsome carriage, the deft and experthands, gave her appearance grace, distinction, and beauty. The speed andcertainty of her gestures and the in-tentness and concentration of her activity made one aware, even in fleeting glimpses, of an alert intelligenceand an aggressive spirit within thelovely appearance.Miss Rickert's beauty and intelligence would have been less compelling if it had not beenfor her incredible vitality and energy. For years, herenergies seemed inexhaustible. I have never known anyone who was capable of such sustained and high-powered exertion. Her normal working day was twice thelength of that of most of her colleagues. She was theembodiment of a passion for constant intellectual activity. In her later years friends and colleagues, physicians and servants, frequently urged upon her the necessity for rest and relaxation. Toward the end of herlife she seemed to feel as though the great work onwhich she was engaged would not and could not becompleted without her last exhausting efforts. Her energy, industry, and tremendous will to work inspirednot only admiration but something like dismay and awe.I am sure that I should have enrolled as a student inone of her courses if I had not feared being swept upinto the course of her tornado-like progress. Certainly,her devoted students found her impassioned intellectualenthusiasm contagious, and under its influence discovered themselves to be working and with a devotion ofwhich they had not dreamed themselves capable.Miss Rickert's intelligence was remarkable not onlyfor its range but for its quality. It was as resourcefulas it was tireless. She had the first-rate scholar's determination to discover the final and most inaccessible fact4 VEDITH RICKERT, PhD "99and his capacity for endless devotion to the indispensableminutiae of historical investigation. But her mind wassuperior to most scholarly minds in its fecundity in producing hypotheses. Sometimes these hypotheses werebreath-taking in their audacity. Despite the array ofevidence, I have never been quite convinced that shewas successful in demonstrating a connection between King James I and thecharacter of Bottom in Shakespeare'sA midsummer night's dream.1 Hernew methods for the study of literature (1927) was the product of another startling hypothesis. She hadcome to realize acutely that, whilesome progress had been made byScholars in the development of a technique for the analysis of poetic style,most supposedly critical comments onprose style were impressionistic andun-scientific. In this book, she setforth in exhaustive detail a method ofanalysis which should furnish reliableobjective criteria for distinguishingthe characteristics of diverse prosestyles. The aim here was an admirable one, the attack was highly intelligent, and the methods outlinedand illustrated were enormously suggestive. The application of this elaborate and cumbersome technique demanded a vast patience and a high degree of statistical skill. Even thoughfew of her students had the courage to apply her methods of analysis, and then, frequently, under the pressureof her own relentless enthusiasm, this book demonstratedfinally the absurdity of any preceding attempt to analyzeprose style with scientific reliability.Miss Rickert's intimate knowledge of contemporaryliterature was only one manifestation of her omnivorous intellectual curiosity. Out of this interest grewsuch pioneering ventures as the Contemporary Britishliterature which she published in collaboration with Mr.Manly in 1921 and the Contemporary American literature, which appeared in 1922. Long after she had relinquished any immediate responsibility for the successive editions of these books, she continued to discover,through some sixth aesthetic sense, the significant novelties among the new writers, and thus was able to makehelpful and suggestive comments on the proofs of myintroduction to the 1929 edition of Contemporary American literature. A letter she wrote me from Paris, aftera train journey from the Riviera and "a long afternoonof shopping entirely in French," gives a more vivid im-1"Political propaganda and satire in A midsummer night's dream'Modem philology, Aug., Nov., 1923, pp. 53-87; 133-154.1314 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEpression of her intellectual and aesthetic eagerness thanI can give:"Herewith — under separate cover — about half the galleys that we have received; the other half will followby the next mail if possible. We have all had a go atthem (including Mrs. Patrick) ; but you will regard ourvarious remarks as much or as little as you please. Thosemade on the train coming from the Riviera you may notbe able to read."Wre have been for the last two weeks — nearer three— at Beauvallon near Saint Raphael. The morning sunfrom my loggia, with sea and mountains outspread andthe fishing village of St. Tropez across the bay was athing to remember. And it is rather nice, as you lie inbed, to watch the sun climb over the hills and reddenthe sea and to go to sleep in the friendly winking of alighthouse. But it is good to be back in Paris."For seven or eight hours a day Mr. Manly and Iworked on the classification of the Chaucer MSS. Wehave almost all the monkeys pretty well settled now onthe family tree, although some of them still chase theirown tails. Before the end of the winter we hope to haveas solid and as solemn a pedigree as any English noblefamily can boast."But Miss Rickert was not merely a consumer andcritic of contemporary literature; she also produced it.Most of her novel writing was done in the first decadeof the century, but, in more recent years, she found timeto write three stories for children — The Bojabi free(1923), The blacksmith and the blackbirds (1928), andThe greedy Goroo (1929), and her last novel, Severnzvoods ( 1929) .2 Of the novel, rumor said that she wroteit in the intervals between breakfast and the hour forthe opening of the British Museum.Miss Rickert's most impassioned intellectual interestwas, of course, the Middle Ages, and to that interestshe devoted untold months and years and immeasurableenergy. In the early years of the twentieth centurywhen most of her novels appeared, she also found timefor the translating and editing of mediaeval literature;to this period belong her charming and sensitive translations of the Lays of Marie of France (1901). Thebabeesy book (1908), Early English romances (1908),and Ancient English Christmas carols (1909), the lastthree in the amusing and ingenious format of the Mediaeval Library.2Miss Richards novels include Out of the cypress swamp (1902), Thereaper (1904), Folly (1906), The golden hawk (1907), The beggar inthe heart 1909), and Severn woods (1929). The early novels are markedby the sentimental optimism characteristic of the decade in which theywere produced. Her final novel is far more sophisticated andl audacious,and reveals, as no other work of hers does, ,.an ardently romantic aspectof her temperament. But her most memorable and significant object of intellectual devotion was Chaucer, his works, and fourteenth-century life and literature generally. When Ijoined the staff of the Department of English in 1927,Miss Rickert and Mr. Manly were already spendingsix months of the year in England, but, whether inLondon or Chicago, their major concern was the advancement on every front of our knowledge of the lifeof the fourteenth century, the life of Chaucer and hisfriends, and the incredibly complicated history of themanuscripts of the Canterbury tales. When I last sawMiss Rickert in London in the spring of 1936, her healthwas already breaking down, but she could not be luredaway from her tremendous project by my account ofthe exciting production at Stratford of a play of suchgreat interest to her as Shakespeare's Troilus and Cres-sida. It is a matter of tragic regret that she could notlive to see the publication of the results of her immenselabor of love for Chaucer.When I try to summon from memory the glowingvision that Edith Rickert was, I find that the earlyglimpses of her in the catalogue room in Harper or inthe crowded aisles of W41 are the most distinct. Familiarity has blurred and blended the later images. I thinkof her, too, and sadly, as the ghostly inhabitant of theapartment at the end of the fountain court of La Florestawhich constituted her Chicago pied-a-terre. Though shewas too intent on her work to pay much attention tothe stage furniture of her life, that apartment bore theunmistakable impress of her numerous artistic and scholarly interests. The furniture was a casual and ratherbattered accumulation from her own and others' lives.There was a small but extremely diverse collection ofbooks. The grand piano and the music-cabinet wereladen with the classical music to which she was deeplydevoted. On the walls hung the original drawings madeby Benda for some of her early novels. Along the platerail in the dining room stood her own record in water-colors of the places she had visited and loved. Here andthere were unobtrusive pictorial and plastic representations of mediaeval persons, places, and events. For atime there was also her magnificent Persian cat, GeoffreyChaucer, and, in the background, the faithful and adoring Amanda.From this haunt her dynamic and impassioned spirithas vanished, but her energy and beauty and intelligenceare only in a superficial sense inoperative. Edith Rickert has won the scholar's immortality she would havewished — the persistence of her bright image and glow-. ing example in the lives and works of her students andcolleagues, and the eternal association of her name withthat of her beloved Chaucer.THE FREE MIND'• By ROBERT M. HUTCHINSWHEN we talk about freedom we usually meanfreedom from something. Freedom of the pressis freedom from censorship. Academic freedomis freedom from presidents, trustees, and the public.Freedom of thought is freedom from thinking. Freedom of worship is freedom from religion. So too civilliberty, the disappearance of which throughout the worldwe watch with anxious eyes, is generally regarded asfreedom from the state. This notion goes back toHobbes, Locke, and Rousseau. They located the naturalman in a world of anarchy. He had, they said, nopolitical organization, and they strongly hinted that thiswas the most delightful aspect of his condition. Thepolitical state, they thought, was a compromise, no lessunfortunate because it was necessary. This view hasbeen popular ever since. It is reflected every day inthe attitude of those who look upon the activities ofgovernment as an evil. Though they admit that societymust suffer certain necessary evils, they naturally haveno wish to multiply them. Hence the attraction andpower of the slogan, that government is best whichgoverns least.This notion of government and its role is based on amyth, on a misconception of the nature of man and thenature of the state. It is not surprising that a doctrineabsurdly grounded and workable only in countries ofvast and untapped resources should contain in itself theseeds of an opposing doctrine, the doctrine that the stateis all, that men are nothing but members of it, and thatthey achieve their ultimate fulfillment, not through freedom from the state, but through complete surrender toit. This is fascism. It ascribes to the political organization qualities that can belong only to God. It deniesthe eminent dignity of the person. It deprives manof the characteristic that raises him above the beasts,his reason. It sacrifices all that is specifically human,that is, moral, intellectual, and spiritual development,and glorifies a specifically sub-human attribute, namely,force.These are the consequences of thinking of freedomas freedom" from something. Freedom is not an end initself. We do not want to be free merely to be free.We want to be free for the sake of being or doing something that we cannot be or do unless we are free. Wewant to be free to obtain the things we want.Now the things we want are good things. First, wewant our private and individual good, our economicwell-being. We want food, clothing, and shelter, and achance for our children. Second, we want the commongood: peace, prder, and justice. But most of all wewant a third order of goods, our personal or our humangood. We want, that is, to achieve the limit of ourmoral, intellectual, and spiritual powers. This personal,human good is the highest of all the goods we seek. Asthe private good, which is our individual economic inter-* Delivered at the New York Herald-Tribune Forum in New York October 25. est, is subordinate to the common good, which is the interest of the community, so the common good is subordinate to our personal and human good and must beordered to it. Any state in which the common good issacrificed to private interests, or in which the moral, intellectual, and spiritual good of the citizens is sacrificedto the political organization is not a state. It is a fraudsubsisting by force.We are concerned this morning with free minds. Howcan we get them ? We must remember that it is not freedom from something that we are seeking. We wantminds that are free because they understand the order ofgoods and can achieve them in their order. The propertask of education is the production of such minds. Butwe can now see that we are not likely to produce themby following the recommendations of the more extremeof those called progressives in education. Freedom fromdiscipline, freedom to do nothing more than pursue theinterests that the accident of birth or station has suppliedmay result in locking up the growing mind in its ownwhims and difficulties.If we cannot produce free minds by adopting the suggestions of the more undisciplined progressives, we cannot hope for much better luck by continuing the almostuniversal practice of regarding education as a tour of thecurrent events in the various fields of knowledge. Thispractice must result in locking up the growing mind ininformation current once but archaic now. The pupilsthat we have today will leave our hands between 1939and 1955. I doubt if we prepare them for the longyears ahead by telling them anecdotes of 1938.It is doubtful, too, whether we can achieve free mindsby concentrating our efforts on making our pupilseconomically independent. We want free minds whichwill seek the goods in their order. Those who seek primarily their private economic interests may become enslaved to them and try to enslave the rest of us as well.The aging process in people educated without discipline, or through miscellaneous information, or by vocational techniques or with vocational aims is likely to befar more serious and far more menacing than any degenerative disease. Certainly those who elevate their ownfancies into standards for themselves and others are morepathetic than persons afflicted with high blood pressure.Those who cannot understand the world today becausethey have nothing in their heads but descriptions of yesterday are victims of a senility worse than any physiological deterioration. And hardening of the vested interests is at once more common and more dangerousthan hardening of the arteries.When we say we want free minds we mean that wewant minds able to operate well. The glory and theweakness of the human mind is that it is not determinate to certain things. It may range at will over thegood and the bad. To be free to operate well, therefore,the mind requires habits that fix it on the good. So St.Augustine remarked that virtue, or good habits, is the1516 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEright use of our freedom. What is needed for free mindsis discipline, discipline which forms the habits whichenable the mind to operate well. Nothing better can besaid on this subject than the concise statement of JohnDewey. "The discipline," he said, "that is identical withtrained power is also identical with freedom/' The freemind is first of all the disciplined mind. The first stepin education is to give the mind good habits.The next step in the education of free minds is theunderstanding of what is good. The mind cannot befree if it is a slave to what is bad. It is free if it is enslaved to what is good. To determine the good and theorder of goods is the prime object of all moral and political education. We cannot hope that one who has neverconfronted these issues can be either a good citizen ora good man. Yet today it is perfectly possible to attainto the highest reaches of the university without ever facing these questions. An educational system which doesnot make these questions the center of its attention isnot an educational system at all. It is a large-scale housing venture. It may be effective in keeping young people out of worse places until they can go to work. Itcannot contribute to the growth of free minds.I do not suggest that everybody in the educationalsystem must give the same answers to the questions whatis good and what is the order of goods. The books ofgreat thinkers living and dead when read in the perspec-An Experience With Amnesia (Continuedany strange actions. The time came. One evening hecame into the cafe and asked the name of the town, where,as Walraven, he had worked nearly three months. Hedisclaimed acquaintance with the waiters with whom, inhis other personality, he was well acquainted. He accusedthem of not being willing to tell him the name of thetown, in this personality strange to him.At the time of this argument about the town thewriter stepped in and was disclaimed, as the waiters hadbeen, with the remark : "Where did I ever meet youbefore? You are in with these fellows to work a gameon me." Not understanding amnesia and dual personalityit took much persuasion to convince him that, at leastbodily, he had worked there for months and that we hadassociated in various capacities during that time.Then we went to the hospital where he had been asa patient and where the Walraven personality was born.As we approached the building he saw the word hospitaland asked pathetically, "Is this a hospital for the insane ?"While a patient there he had become very friendly withan attractive young nurse. She, on seeing him enter thehospital after a lapse of some weeks, approached himwarmly with a pleasant smile. At this familiarity hestepped back and said almost sternly, "Where did I evermeet you before?"We went next to the electric shop where he hadworked for weeks. The foreman showed Warner thetools the Walraven personality had worked with andsome of the electric signs he had made. It was hard forthe Warner personality to believe all this. He was puzzled, he seemed to be suffering agonies mentally. Once tive of history show that many different answers can bedefended. But I do insist that in the educational systemthese questions must be attacked. Otherwise we cannothope to prepare the rising generation to face the greatproblem of our time.For the great problem of our time is moral, intellectual, and spiritual. With a superfluity of goods we aresinking into poverty. With a multiude of gadgets weare no happier than we were before. Writh a decliningdeath rate we have yet to discover what to do with ourlives. With a hatred of war we are heading inevitablytoward it. With a love of liberty we see much of theworld in chains.How can these things be? They can be because wehave directed our lives and our education to means instead of ends. We have been concerned with the transitory and superficial instead of the enduring and basicproblems of life and of society.If we look at our difficulties in this light we see thatthe New Frontier is neither geographical nor economic.The New Frontier is the frontier that separates the realities of human life from the aspirations of the humanspirit. If we are to conquer this frontier, we must haveintelligence and character, wisdom and will. We mustdiscipline ourselves to understand what is good and theorder of goods. The conquest of the New Frontier mustbe the work of free minds.from Page 11)on the outside we stood near a pile of snow in the shadethat had escaped the warmth of the sun. He asked where* the snow had come from. He had lost his Warner personality in mid-August, now it was late November. ForWarner, yesterday was August. He asked pathetically,"Have I been insane ?"On a single day when his nervous system had beenstimulated by some bad bootleg liquor, the personalitiesalternated several times. The writer found him therelate in the afternon as Walraven. He said, "What is thematter with me ? Hours pass of which I have no knowledge." The hours mentioned were those taken by theother personality. These alternations disturbed both personalities. Whichever one he happened to be in worriedabout the unaccounted for passage of hours.Not long after the experiences just mentioned he suddenly disappeared from our town. He probably wasWarner when he left as that personality had not gainedso good a foothold in the community. Warner probablyremained most of the time in the ascendency. This issuggested by the fact that the warm Walraven friendsnever heard from him, and by the further fact that hevisited his fiance in Missouri whom Walraven did notknow.Neither Walraven nor Warner has been heard fromby the writer since the sudden departure from our State.Of the two rather well developed personalities whichdominates now, the one that was born when the bodywas approximately thirty-five years of age, or the onethat occupied the body from babyhood on? Only athorough test could answer.NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESTHE role of the University as an internationalcenter of scholarship has seldom been more vividlydramatized than it has in the acceptance of avisiting professorship by the great democrat of Europe,Dr. Eduard Benes. As most of the world knows, Dr.Benes has accepted the offer of President Hutchins tocome to the University under the Charles R. WalgreenFoundation. The former president of the CzechoslovakRepublic had numerous opportunities for activity afterhis resignation. At least one other American universityhad offered him an appointment. But he chose the University of Chicago, first because he believes that theUnited States is the last stronghold of democracy, andsecondly, because he and his advisors were well awareof the University's reputation for scholarship.Details of the appointment are being arranged withDr. Benes, who is now in England. Because of thestrain of the trying period in which Czechoslovakia wasthe pawn of European bargaining, Dr. Benes plans toremain quietly in England for another few months. It isanticipated that he will come to the University in Januaryfor the opening of the winter quarter. As PresidentHutchins pointed out in announcing the acceptance ofDr. Benes, no one is better qualified to arouse interestin democracy, nor to interpret its significance in theworld today. Alumni of the earlier period of the University will recall that Dr. Thomas G. Masaryk, firstpresident of the Czechoslovak Republic, with whom Dr.Benes cooperated in establishing the independent government, taught here from 1901 to 1903 under the CraneFoundation. Dr. Benes is no stranger to academic life,for he was a professor of sociology at Charles University,Prague, before he became so intimately associated withthe establishment of independent Czechoslovakia.As the New York Times recently said, the comingof Dr. Benes to the university emphasizes the fact thatAmerican universities today are playing the same rolein intellectual life as did the monasteries of medievalEurope. In modern times, until the rise of the dictators,modern scholarship had no nationality. Foreign scholarshave been no rarity in the past at Chicago nor at othergreat American universities, but the political persecutionsand the racial ideologies which have made the role ofthe scholar a precarious one in many countries haverapidly increased the number of foreign scholars andscientists in American institutions of learning.Many of the foreign teachers and research men whohave been welcomed to the Midway by their Americancolleagues came here because they were refugees. Some,under no direct compulsion to leave, came because theyforesaw the threat of limitation of their work in therelatively near future. And some others came simplybecause they preferred the opportunities on the quadrangles to those they were enjoying.FOREIGN SCHOLARSThe first of the refugee scholars date back to the aftermath of the world war. The distinguished astronomer, • By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, 70, JD '22Dr. Otto Struve, director of the Yerkes Observatory ofthe University of Chicago, and also of the McDonaldObservatory of the University of Texas, which Chicagostaffs, was a White Russian who fled the bolshevikswith his family. Dr. Struve's associates are a truly international group, including in addition to Americans, aFrenchman, a Dane, a Hollander, and an Hindu. Another White Russian on the Chicago faculty is GeorgeV. Bobrinskoy, assistant professor of Sanskrit, whofought as a youth in the White army and escaped intoPoland when the army was liquidated.Dr. G. A. Borgese, professor of Italian Literature, isan Italian refugee. He was one of the leaders of theintellectual opposition to Mussolini, with whom he hadworked for several years in important governmentalpositions. Dr. James Franck, who had won the Nobelprize in physics in 1926, left Germany when the Naziregime took over the country. He now is vigorouslypursuing his research in Jones Chemistry Laboratory,untroubled by political difficulties. Dr. Melchior Palyi,a former director of the Reichsbank, and a noted economist, was for several years a visiting professor, andnow has the title of research associate of the SocialScience Research Committee of the University. He isunacceptable to the National-Socialists because of hisoutspoken opposition to the regime.Max Rheinstein, Max Pam Associate Professor ofComparative Law, was formerly a professor at the University of Berlin. Teaching temporarily in this countryin 1933, when Hitler came to power, he decided toremain here. Another member of the Law School,Freidrich Kessler, associate professor, was denied confirmation of an important appointment in Germany andchose to leave the country.Dr. Rudolph Schindler, who developed the first useablegastroscope, which permits direct observation of thestomach, was a German war veteran under no compulsion to leave when he came here four years ago. Dr.Paul A. Weiss, Associate Professor of Zoology, who isan authority on the process of nerve action, was formerlyin Austria. He was invited to this country by Yale in1930 and his choice therefore involved no politicalfactors. ,Another member of the medical faculty, Dr. FritzWasserman, associate professor of anatomy in the ZollerMemorial Dental Clinic, known for his studies of fibroustissue, came to Chicago last year on leave of absencefrom his post in the University of Munich. Under theNuremberg decrees of 1935 he was not able to continuein active teaching, but because of his four years of servicein the German army through the war, he was promisedhis full salary. Dr. Julius Rogoff, visiting professor ofphysiology, is a refugee from Germany.The world's outstanding classical scholar, Dr. WernerJaeger, came to Chicago in the autumn of 1936. Heholds the dual appointment of professor of Greek andprofessor of philosophy. Formerly professor of classical1718 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEphilology at the University of Berlin, his acceptance ofthe Chicago position was entirely unrelated to anypolitical considerations. Another distinguished memberof the philosophy department, Rudolph Carnap, like Dr.Jaeger, was one of the sixty-six scholars of the worldto receive honorary degrees at the Harvard tercentenarycelebration. When Chicago sought him in 1936 he wasat the German University in Prague. He is not arefugee.Two distinguished European scholars are visitingmembers of the Chicago faculty. Bertrand Russell, thirdEarl of Russell, is a member of the philosophy department for the autumn and winter quarters. Carl A.Boethius, professor of ancient history and archaeologyin the University of Goteborg, also is teaching here thisquarter. Lord Russell's four public lectures on thephilosophy of power drew such large audiences that apublic address system in the Reynolds Club was necessary for the overflow. Another distinguished philosopher,Dr. Jacques Maritain, spent three weeks at the University during the month, engaging both in public lecturesand conferences with students.WORLD WAR MEMORIALThe university will commemorate its war dead in aspecial ceremony in Rockefeller Memorial Chapel onArmistice Day. The bronze plaque presented by the warclass of 1918 and now being installed on the west wallof the Chapel, will be formally unveiled. Sixty-fournames are inscribed on the tablet, the dedication of whichreads: "In grateful memory of the men of the University of Chicago who gave their lives in the world war1914-1918." Plans for the ceremony include an academicprocession of the faculty and trustees who served in thewar. Approximately 145 members of the faculty, exclusive of those of Rush Medical College, were in theservice, and at least 54 of these were overseas. ArthurBaer is the chairman of the '18 class gift committee.GAIN IN ENROLLMENTFinal registration figures reveal that the freshmanclass is 753, an increase of 131 over last year, and thelargest number to enter the university since the "ChicagoPlan" was instituted. The total number of students onthe quadrangles is 6212, compared to 6035 last year.Registration in Social Service Administration, which hasbeen high since the depression, is now beginning to taperoff somewhat, and Rush Medical College has restrictedits enrollment. The Law School also has a decrease inenrollment, because of the careful policy of selectionamong applicants. The enrollment in the university generally could have been considerably larger. But one ofthe most important aspects of this year's total is thatthe enrollment represents a carefully selected groupchosen from a materially increased number of applicants.NURSERY SCHOOLThe University Co-operative Nursery School, since1916 a closely affiliated part of the university's experimental schools, is now under the administration of theuniversity. The school, which enrolls children of twoto five years of age, was founded in 1916 by a groupof university women, including Mrs. Frank Lillie, Mrs.David Stevens, and Mrs. Frederic Woodward. It occupies two former residential buildings, at 5740-50 Wood lawn avenue. One of the buildings was the gift of theschool's medical advisor and friend, Dr. Walter Hoffman.Always closely related to the department of education,the school now will be administered by the newly established Committer on Child Development, headed by Dr.Frank N. Freeman, professor of educational psychology.Dr. Helen L. Koch, associate professor of childpsychology, coordinator, and Miss Mary E. Keister,principal, are in direct charge.ASTRONOMICAL COOPERATIONFinal steps in the completion of an important educational experiment, the cooperative agreement betweenthe Universities of Chicago and Texas for astronomicalwork, will be taken shortly. The University of Texasreceived a large bequest for an observatory, but it had nostaff. The University of Chicago had a preeminentastronomical staff, but its Yerkes Observatory was solimited in usefulness that a new one in a better locationwas required.President Hutchins one day picked up the telephone,called the late Dr. Benedict, President of the Universityof Texas, and suggested that Texas put all its $950,000into building a first rate observatory and that the University put all its money into the best possible staff ofastronomers, who would operate the new equipment.The agreement was made, and for more than a year,Chicago astronomers have been making observations atTexas' McDonald Observatory in the Davis Mountainsof southwestern Texas.Biggest item of equipment, however, was the 82-inchmirror, which has taken years to finish because of thecareful grinding required. Tests made recently showthat the huge reflector is now finished. The surface isa parabaloid of 319.66 inches focal length. The actualfigure of the glass does not depart from a mathematicallyperfect parabaloid by more than about one-millionth ofan inch, an extraordinary degree of perfection resultingfrom almost four years of grinding and polishing. Themirror will be coated with a thin layer of aluminum beforeit is shipped to the observatory, aluminum having beenchosen over silver because it does not tarnish. Atpresent the second largest mirror in existence, the 82-inchglass will drop to third place when the new 200-inchmirror of the Mt. Wilson Observatory is completed. Butthe disc is quite big enough to satisfy all the interestsof Dr. Otto Struve, director of both the University ofChicago's Yerkes Observatory and the University ofTexas' McDonald Observatory.ROUND TABLE BLANKETS COUNTRYThe Round Table program, most noted of the educational broadcasts on the air, has fifty-four stations ofNBC's red network as outlets for the Sunday morningdiscussions at 11:30 C.S.T. This record number ofstations blankets the country and offers alumni everywhere in the United States an opportunity to hearfamiliar members of the faculty and visiting authoritiesdiscuss problems of economic and social significance.Even Station KGU of Honolulu broadcasts the RoundTable weekly, at 7:30 p. m., from special electricaltranscriptions. Several hundred public libraries of theUnited States now have special Round Table posters,announcing the subject of the week and providingreading lists.FRANK HURBURT O'HARA, '15IN THE retirement of Frank Hurburt O'Hara, theDramatic Association is losing a great director. Thevery quality of his methods, the subtle technique ofsuggestion which he uses to build up the student fromthe student's own resources, rather than imposing success spectacularly but impermanently from without,makes it difficult for even the most perceptive undergraduate to evaluate the benefits he is receiving. Hemay feel it immediately, and very strongly, as countlessof us have, but it takes a perspective of a few years topin down in wordsthe greatness ofFrank O'Hara.This is the excuseof the presentwriter in makingthat attempt.To those whodo not know him,' ' greatness ' 'mayseem too weightya concept to invoke for a directorof plays, and in aschool in whichprofessional training in this field isdefinitely not regarded as an end.Nowhere else inthe Universitydoes there existsuch a corporatewill toward asingle purpose,entrusted to and guided by one intelligence, whose dutyit is to guide this will not toward conflict, as in theathletic teams, but toward that resolution of human conflict which is the constant hidden goal of all art. At thesame time he has the responsibility of the individualswho are submerged for the time in the corporate will,of preserving their independence and supervising theirgrowth. It is a task the two elements of which do notreadily combine, and one which is very, very rarelyachieved. That Mr. O'Hara has succeeded in this twofold responsibility, even causing one element to interactupon the other — always subtly, almost always unnoticed—is the first and most important thing that can be saidabout him.Perhaps it would be easiest to start with what Mr.O'Hara does not do. This will be simpler if we glanceat the methods of almost any "brilliant" director onewould care to name. Here we find that the play, definitely, is the thing — the play, and the audience's praiseof the director. A few actors of talent and perhaps previous experience come to him, and he relies on them,FRANK HURBURT O'HARA • By EDITH GROSSBERG WHITESELLpicks plays for them, casts them "to type." In thisway a smooth performance is rather easily achieved.Course credit or some other inducement is granted sothat a huge rank and file is kept on hand to do thenecessary less attractive work about the theater and toenvy the successful few. Perhaps the worst effect of thisis on those few. It is almost unbelievable until one hasknown them, how hitherto nice boys and girls of collegeage turn into insufferable little monsters of inflated ego,prattling about their "Art," arrogantly neglecting theiracademic work, considering themselves the most important people on the campus, not excepting professors ofthe most assured eminence. A few intelligent ones amongthe favored resent the system, balk at being forced toplay the same role again and again, for all the world asif they were in Hollywood — all in the name of education.It is when we get a notion of these widespread conditions that Mr. O'Hara's constant rigorous watchfulnessagainst them appears in its true light.The one great sin in Frank O'Hara's Dramatic Association is the swollen head. Preventive measures areabundant — a constant influx of new actors, alternationbetween the largest and the smallest job, a tendency toput relatively poor actors into "leads" so that small partsare properly respected, a wholesome discipline abouttardiness and carelessness in rehearsal the underlyingphilosophy of which is that nobody is so important thatthe play can not go on without him. Mr. O'Hara keptit constantly before us that acting was a very minor andunimportant ability. Newcomers are, I think, chosenlargely on a character basis. Previous experience, spectacular talent, even the magic word "professional" arenot enough to counteract arrogant manners and anassumption of grandeur. Infinitely patient, he usuallygives these misguided ones a trial, and if a reasonableperiod fails to bring them into harmony with the all-important spirit of the group, they are gently eased out.Rounded, lively, unified productions as well as wholesome students have resulted from this watchfulness.Mr. O'Hara could afford to be thus selective, for hecould make actors out of unpromising but modest andreceptive boys and girls as a magician turns eggs intorabbits. It was his method of working from within thatwas largely responsible for this amazing ability, I think.Once in a rare while, when production was imminentand a nervous youngster could not from suggestion aloneevolve the proper solution to a problem, Mr. O'Harawould walk to the stage, grin, and say, "Now I'm goingto do some bad directing," and he would illustrate howthe thing should be done. The rarity of this occurrenceshows how successful his "good directing" was. Forthe whole first week of the rehearsal period the castwould sit around in a circle, just reading, quietly soakingthe play and the characters in and, finally, soaking intothe characters. All this time the director would sayscarcely a word, and then only by adroit indirect ques-19.20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtioning to bring an interpretation back to its own Tightness. Then, with repeated injunctions not to learn linesyet (and how much more effectively lines were eventuallylearned!), the business would be blocked out, the play,"walked through," and behold! a play was emerging,straight from the stimulated and indirectly guided imaginations of the actors, inspired by a confidence the sourceof which they were not quite aware. All the processesof production were worked out in terms of the play, thecharacter, the actors — no tricks, no "technique" save thetechnique that grew unconsciously from an intimacy withthe play and a growing knowledge of its structure.From this process, after a few plays, the wooden newcomer would blossom out as an actor. Not allowed toplay the same kind or part twice, shuttled with astonishing rapidity from character to lead to property man,his success was permanently based on an awakenedunderstanding of imaginative projection, the nature of aplay, sensitivity to the group and to the director.How does he do it ? An eyebrow raised at a certainmoment, a question so skillfully indirect that it seemsalmost not to 'have" been uttered, an unexpressed butstrongly felt emanation of confidence — these are theintangibles with which Frank O'Hara works. He is ableto do this effectively because he is an extraordinaryperson. "Emotional" is not the word to describe histemperament; "intuitive" is a little better. He is sucha sensitive instrument that he is able to make the mostcleansing criticisms without hurt, for he has a tact thatgoes beyond tact, since it is quite simply a completeimmediate perception of the human beings with whomhe is working.and suffering. With the college professor and the college president it is essentially different. They have todeal with all that is uplifting in life, with the constructiveand not the destructive forces of life. The satisfactionwhich this brings no man can describe.How does the president of a university spend his time ?Largely in seeking ways and means to enable this orthat professor to carry out some plan which he hasdeeply at heart — a plan, it may be, for research and investigation, or for improving the work of instruction.If it is not service for an officer of instruction, it is service for this or that student whose needs, to him at allevents, seem very great. If one is selfish, he growsweary of it all; but, if in his heart there is ah earnestdesire to do for humanity the several services which inhis position it is possible for him to render, he learnssooner or later that to no man in any position is theregiven greater opportunity for service. In a few casesthose with whom one comes into contact appreciatekeenly and cordially the unselfish service which has beenrendered.A few, I say ; I did not say only a few, because if evena few feel such appreciation, and in proper form expressit, the gratitude of these few will be good return for theloneliness and misrepresentation and despondency whichhave been his lot. The words spoken from the heart, of He is the truest kind of experimentalist. He choosestasks not because they are unusual but because they offergrowth in new directions for the students and, perhaps,for himself. Nothing is too difficult or too simple to try!"Peer Gynt" followed in the revival tradition "Alabama"and "The Girl I Left Behind Me." These revivals ofold successes were made a tradition because, played"straight," they showed what is still good in the theaterand what is not, thus vastly illuminating our own timeas well as that of the play. Mr. O'Hara's casting is asbold as his selection. In one play, "Little Old Boy,"actors did the production work and the erstwhile production staff did the acting. In an American revivalblond, blue-eyed, soft-spoken Frank Springer played thevillain and Georg Mann of the dark, brooding look, thehero, much to the initial confusion and ultimate delightof the audience. The goal is not perfection or professionalism — aspiration, the release of faculties — andgrowth are what count.In all this Frank O'Hara has worked behind thescenes, scarcely allowing his motives to be suspected.Just as a good play conveys its truth through scenesdramatically objectified, the playwright speaking moreeffectively in never speaking directly (this axiom learnedfrom Mr. O'Hara, of course), so the director buildswithout allowing himself to be seen as the builder. Thegood teacher helps a student to learn, while the greatteacher enables him to achieve for himself, secure in astrength built solidly from within. Frank O'Hara issuch a teacher. To have known one during a lifetimeis a singular occurrence. To have been the student ofone is the very rarest of good fortune.even a small number, will prove to be good compensationfor one's devotion to the interests of an institution. Asingle utterance of sincere gratitude uttered by one whohas been helped will continue through many days andweeks, and even months, to counteract the depressinginfluence of words of criticism, reproach, and ridicule.In no realm of life does a man feel more quickly theresponse to effort which he may have made than in therealm of student life. Nowhere else, it is true, is criticism more sharp ; nowhere else is real conflict more easy.At the same time, nowhere else is friendship closer, orwords of appreciation more sincere.The college president deserves the support of theintelligent man of modern times. His position is a trying one; his burden is heavy, and the reward is, at thebest, meager. His effort is always intended to serve theinterests that make for truth and the higher life. He isnot usually a "liar" or a "boss." He may sometimesseem to be too self-satisfied ; one could name a few such.But for the most part he does his work, conscious thathe has the short-comings which mark his kind, realizingkeenly that his tenure of office, unlike that of his colleagues, is quite uncertain, yet fully resolved to performhis duty without fear or favor and to allow time to determine the question of his success or failure.ihe College President {Continued from Page 7)ATHLETICSTHE University football squad has finished itspractice season and is ready to settle down andplay honest to goodness out-to-win football. Thisprofound and rather unusual statement was made byCoach Clark D. Shaughnessy on the even of the Chicago DePauw game. . When questioned as to what theboys were doing out there against Michigan, Iowa andOhio, the Chicago mentor smiled and said, "We startedthe season with a group of boys who, although capableof playing some good football, had had very little experience. The coaching staff, therefore, divided the season into two divisions. The first four games were to beused as practice affairs in which the boys would assimilate some experience and the best men for each positionwould be determined. Now with those games out of theway, we know who our best men are, and every one ofthem has had that all important game experience.""We would have liked to have done better in thosegames," continued the coach as a sad look came over hisface, but if we can bring home wins in these next fourwe'll consider the season pretty much of a success."The day after these remarks were made the Maroonswent out on Stagg Field and started this season, as wewill now call our last four games, with a decisive win ,over DePauw by a 34 to 14 score. It was very obviousto Chicago followers that Shaughnessy had the bestteam on the field that has worn the Maroon colors thisfall. Lew Hamity lived up to his reputation by beingthe main cog in the machine that rolled up these 34points. Lew plunged four yards for the first touchdownafter he had passed the ball down to this point and threwpasses later that either directly scored or put the ball inscoring position. Solly Sherman also distinguished himself by the effectiveness of his passing and the groundhe gained when running with the ball. The line, whichearly in the season operated in a spasmodic fashion,showed promise of developing into the front wall manyof us had hoped it would be long before this day. Thework of Dave Weideman, Jack Plunket, and WallyMaurovich was particularly outstanding. All in all wecan consider it a day's work well done and a grand startfor Shaughnessy's "season."Another reason besides those mentioned by Coachthat the rest of our schedule might be more successfulis that the eligibility of Bob Wasem, stellar end on lastyear's team, and Carl Nohl, 195 pound fullback hasfinally been favorably settled. Wasem gave a good account of himself in the Ohio game although he had hadonly a few days of practice and was in the DePauw gameto such an extent that he scored twice and was instrumental in another. With his great pass catching ability,he should greatly strengthen the already potent passingattack. In addition he is an excellent defensive player.Nohl, a graduate of Shattuck Military Academy hasshown himself to be a quick starting, hard-hitting fullback. His blocking in the DePauw game was exceptionally good as was his ballcarrying. His presence in JAY BERWANGER • By JAY BERWANGER, '36the backfield will give the Maroons a line bucker whoshould be a constant threat thereby making the passingattack more effective.Several changes in the forward wall should do muchto bolster our defense. Rendelman, who has played attackle, has been moved to center while Mort Goodstein,formerly a fullback, when he recovers from a slight kneeinjury will hold down the tackle position. Meanwhilewe are confident Bob Howard will turn in a good jobat this place. Ed Valorz,previously a blocking back,has been shifted to endwhere in the DePauw gamehe did exceptionally fine defensive work and caught onepass for a touchdown.About our "practice"games only a little need besaid. Bradley brought tothe Midway an experiencedand well groomed squad thatproved an even match for theinexperienced Maroons.The Chicago boys learneda lot in their first game andthough they failed to pushacross a score, several long drives brought cheer andgladness to many a heart and proved that some powerwas lurking in their midst. Mort Goodstein was themost consistent ground gainer for the Maroons, gaining eighty-three yards in twenty-one attempts.The experience and charge of the Michigan line andthe running ability of the Wolverine backs was too muchfor the Maroons as they took a 35 to 7 trimming in theirfirst conference game. Chicago's spirit alone, exemplified by the heroic defensive play of Captain Lew Hamity, could not match the Wolverine manpower. Chicago's lone touchdown, made on one of the boldest strategic attempts of the day, climaxed the Maroons offense.It occurred in the second quarter. Bob Meyer had returned a kickoff to the Maroon's twenty yard line. Onthe first play, Hamity faded back to his own goal lineand whipped a long pass to John Davenport, Big Tensprint champion, Davy took the ball while traveling atfull speed on the Michigan 45 yard line, shook off theWolverine safety man at the 38 and continued on to thegoal. Ed Valorz kicked the extra point.Iowa's power, which was mainly concentrated in JerryNiles, Hawkeye sophomore back, proved too much forthe Maroons as they finished the game on the small endof a 27 to 14 score. Chicago's weak line play and ineffective tackling by the backs enabled Iowa to run fortouchdowns on running plays. Chicago's offensive powerwas concentrated in the passing of Captain Hamity andSolly Sherman. The Maroon clad boys threw 32 passes,completed 13 of them for gain of 190 yards and twotouchdowns. Davenport again made good use of his2122 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEspeed in getting behind the Iowa backfield and snaringpasses, several for very profitable gains and one for atouchdown. Meyers accounted for Chicago's secondtouchdown when he took a 40 yard pass from Shermanand stepped across the goal line.Ohio had too much power for the Maroons. Theyscored at will during the first half but were met by stubborn resistance the last part of the game by a beaten butfighting Chicago team. Chicago's determination to stayin there and keep fighting was a joy to behold. Although35 points behind at the end of the first half, they cameout scrapping at the start of the second half. Theirplugging was rewarded in the last minutes of the gamewhen Sherman dropped back and threw a long pass toWasem, who scampered for twelve yards and Chicago'slone tally.Our future games, however, should be looked at in amuch more optimistic light. Harvard started the seasonone of the supposedly strong teams of the East. Theygot off to a slow start but according to our scouts haveUCH can always be done by sheer illegibility ofhandwriting and by smearing ink all over theexam paper and then crumpling it up into aball. But apart from this, each academic subject can befought on its own ground. Let me give one or twoexamples.Here, first, is the case of Latin translation — the list ofextracts from Caesar, Cicero, etc. . . . The student doesn'tneed to know one word of Latin. He learns by heart apiece of translated Caesar, selecting a typical extract, andhe writes that down. The examiner merely sees a faultless piece of translation and notices nothing — or at leastthinks that the candidate was given the wrong extract.He lets him pass. Here is the piece of Caesar as re- -quired :These things being thus this way, Caesar although notyet did he not know neither the copiousness of theenemy nor whether they had frumentum, having senton Labienus with an impediment he himself on the firstday before the third day, ambassadors having been sentto Vercingetorix, lest who might which, all having beendone, set out.Cicero also is easily distinguished by the cold, bitinglogic of his invective. Try this :How now which, what, or Catiline, infected, infracted,disducted, shall you still perfrage us? To what ex-punction shall we not subject you? To what bonds, towhat vinculation, to how great a hyphen ? I speak. Doeshe? No,The summation of what is called the liberal arts courseis reached with such subjects as political theory, philosophy, etc. Here the air is rarer and clearer and visioneasy. There is no trouble at all in circling around theexaminer at will. The best device is found in the use ofquotations from learned authors of whom he has perhaps come along very rapidly so that right now they are living up to all the pre-season dope. A smart, well coached,hard fighting team will battle the Maroons next Saturday but with the "New Deal" working at top speed itis not unlikely for the midwestern boys to bring homea victory in this intersectional tilt.The big game ahead, in fact the big game of the seasoncomes on the heels of the Harvard clash. A. A. Staggand his College of the Pacific Mustangs arrive in twoweeks to do battle with the school the "Grand Old Man"held in the football lime light for so many years. Theadvance publicity from the Pacific school is that theiroffense is dependent on the flanker formation which willfeature passes and sweeping end runs. Stagg's "AirCircus" will be one of the outstanding features of theu38,} grid wars. Since the Maroon's offense this yearis mainly built around a passing attack, the game is sureto be one of the most exciting as well as the most dramatic of the year.• By Stephen Leacock, PhD'03— indeed, very likely — never heard, and the use of languages which he either doesn't know or can't read inblurred writing.Now let me illustrate.Here is a question from the last Princeton examinationin Modern Philosophy. I think I have it correct ornearly so."Discuss Descartes' proposition, 'Cogito ergo sum,' asa valid basis of epistemology."Answer :"Something of the apparent originality of Descartes'dictum, 'cogito ergo sum,' disappears when we recall thatlong before him Globulus had written, Testudo ergocrepito,' and the great Arab scholar Alhelallover, writingabout 200 Fahrenheit, had said, 'Indigo ergo gum.' Butwe have only to turn to Descartes' own brilliant contemporary, the Abbe Pate de Foie Gras, to find himwriting, 'Dimanche, lundi, mardi, mercredi, jeudi, ven-dredi, samedi,' which means as much, or more, thanDescartes' assertion. It is quite likely that the Abbe washimself acquainted with the words of Pretzel, WienerSchnitzel and Schmierkase; even more likely still heknew the treatise of the low German, Fisch von Gestern,who had already set together a definite system or scheme.He writes : 'Wo ist mein Bruder ? Er ist in dem Hause.'There, one can see how easy it is. I know it frommy own experience. I remember in my fourth year inToronto (1891)- going into the exam room and pickingup a paper which I carelessly took for English Philology ;I wrote on it, passed on it and was pleasantly surprisedtwo weeks later when they gave me a degree inEthnology. I had answered the wrong paper. This story,oddly enough, is true.HOW TO PASS EXAMSNEWS OF THE CLASSES1889Hugh George Fraser, DB, retiredfrom the ministry a year ago and nowlives at 703 South Cedar, Ottawa,Kansas.1896Mrs. Walter F. Heineman (Corade Graff), prominent club woman andfirst vice president of the ChicagoWoman's Club, was appointed by MayorKelly last April to the Chicago Boardof Education.John Hulsart has been president ofManasquan National Bank of Manasquan, New Jersey, since 1933.1897Edgar J. Goodspeed, DB, PhD'98,professor emeritus of Biblical and Patristic Greek and translator of the notedThe New Testament: An AmericanTranslation, will shortly finish the firstcomplete translation directly from theGreek sources into English of the fourteen "hidden" or Apocryphal books ofthe Old Testament — long the object ofcontroversy between Catholics andProtestants. The University Press willpublish The Apocrypha early in thefall, thus completing The Bible: AnAmerican Translation, published in1931, and edited by Dr. Goodspeed andthe late Professor J. M. P. Smith.Charles T. Wyckoff, PhD, who retired in June, 1937, after forty-five yearscontinuous service at Bradley College,Peoria, Illinois, now lives at 464 NorthGerona Avenue, San Gabriel, California. He established a scholarshipfund of $25,000 at Bradley in memoryof his wife, Georgia Baker, who wasof the Class of 1896 at Chicago.1898Col. Haydn Jones, PhD, is assistantsuperintendent at Morgan Park Academy.Orle J. Price, DB, now residing atLong Meadow, Pitts ford, New York, isactive as associate editor of the magazine Character. Mr. Price is the authorof "Christianity and Communism," published by Abingdon Press in the springnumber of Religion in Life.Franklin E. Vaughan, 828 ForestAvenue, Highland Park, Illinois, hasbeen practicing law in Chicago for thelast thirty-eight years. For the term1937-38 lie was president of the LawClub of Chicago, first vice president ofthe Illinois Society Sons of AmericanRevolution, also director and chairmanof entertainment committee of the University Club of Chicago. The study ofEnglish and French historv and travelin England and France are his hobbies.Mrs. Evangeline P. Williams ofOskaloosa, Iowa, attended summerschool at Boston Universitv this year.1899Pearl L. Weber's article on "WhatPlato Said About Music" appears in the October issue of The Etude MusicMagazine.Winifred M. Williams' present address is 5128 Harper Avenue, Chicago.1900Frank G. Franklin, PhD, writesthat he is seventy-seven years of age,in good health, and has been travelingmuch in the United States. He expresses his appreciation of the University of Chicago Round Table on theair. His address is 1365 Marion Street,Salem, Oregon.1901On the first of September, SamuelA. Lynch, AM, retired as head of theEnglish department in the Iowa StateTeachers College, which position hehad held for twenty-nine years.1902Mariamme R. S. Young lives at 179Hansberry Street, Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa.1903F. F. Tische, president of the AlumniClub of Eastern Massachusetts, is nowconnected with George T. Hoyt Company of Charleston, Mass. He and Mrs.Tische (Myrtle A. Hunt, '01) recently moved to 377 Ward Street, Newton Center, Mass.Evon Z. Vogt's son is back on campus for his sophomore year.Excerpts from LettersSent to the Class Secretary on theOccasion of the Thirty-Fifth ReunionWilliam A. Averill, 39 Cedar Avenue, Arlington Heights, Massachusetts."My abode, occupation as an editor withGinn and Company, and exemplary lifein New England have not changed since1928, nor since 1923, when I came toBoston from Clark University where Iwas 'assistant to the president' (W. W.Atwood of Chicago)."Lynne J. Bevan, consulting engineer, 7 Dey Street, New York City.Since 1928 "I have served five years aschairman of the Power Division of theAmerican Society of Civil Engineers,and have recently been elected a director of the Metropolitan Section of thesame society. Membership on the TownPlanning Board in Montclair, N. J., andoffices in my college fraternity, including the presidency during our centennial celebration, help maintain my altruistic outlook and help me to enjoyliving." His son, John, graduated fromYale in 1936 and is now striving towardeligibility in the American Society otActuaries, and his daughter graduatedthis year from Smith College.Edith Bickell Brown, EasternWashington College of Education,Cheney, Washington: "During the tenyears since our last meeting this institution has grown from a Normal Schoolinto a College of Education. My workhas changed from that of training teach-23 ers to classroom teaching. Because ofmy study in Europe most of my classesare in German, some in freshman English and, especially during the summer,some in psychology."Stephen R. Capps, Geological Survey, Washington, D. C. "I have yourcircular telling of the plans for a classreunion, and am very sorry indeed thatCommencement time and the time for ageologist to go into the field interfacewith one another. For this reason Ihave never been able to get to a Chicago Commencement since I left theplace in 1907. Last year, after 26 fieldseasons in Alaska, I deserted that territory, and have transferred my field ofwork to the mountains of west-centralIdaho. I expect to take my wife (neeIsabelle Webster) out there with mefor a couple of months. My family is• getting pretty well grown up." Louise,the oldest, was married in June, 1937 inAthens to a young archeologist, RobertL. Scranton, who has a fellowship atChicago this year. Steve Jr. has graduated, and is working for the International Harvester Company at FortWayne, Ind. Mary (No. 3) graduatedfrom Connecticut College for Womenin June, and Webster (No. 4) is inhis sophomore year at Illinois Collegeat Jacksonville.Thomas G. McCleary, 438 SecondStreet, Braddock, Pennsylvania. "Ihave been blind for almost five years.Retired on pension February of lastyear after forty years of teaching. Iwas superintendent of schools here forsixteen years. Was reelected for a fouryear term while blind. I also receivedan honorary doctorate while I couldsee. I attend Rotary every week andhave addressed Service Clubs six timesthe past month. I have just not quit.I have a wife and three sons. Twothrough college and married. One is incollege. Trouble to some is the epilogue of defeat, to others it is the prologue of victory."Cash Newkirk, president of theState Bank of Chrisman, Illinois. "I amstill banking and farming, taking lifeas philosophicaly as ever, and will bepresent at our Fiftieth Anniversary."Ella Parrette (Mrs. N. A. Herring), 525 Oak Street, Niles, Michigan."My work is of the usual communitylife found in smaller cities— perhaps mystrongest interest has been in a sorority group of earnest, useM youngwomen, having been their advisor forfive years. I find it a worth while fieldof work."Anna Reynolds, San Antonio,Texas, and Doerr County, Wisconsin."The years 1903-1938 have flown. Educational service occupied me until September 1937, when I retired to a lessactive life. I spend several months eachyear in San Antonio, Texas, the remain-24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEing months in a cabin on the shore ofLake Michigan in Northern Wisconsin."Renee B. Stern, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: "Still with the woman's pageof the Philadelphia Record after sixand a quarter years, which accordingto my usual plan is about four yearstoo long, as I like the two-year planand get about a bit that way. Probablysuffering from the blight of having returned to my native city, though I stillmaintain legal residence in Chicago asthe only place worth living in. Phila-delphians just love to hear my opinionson the subject."Hayward D. Warner, 1671 SixthStreet, Chehalis, Washington. "Ireached the Pacific Coast via Coloradowhere I spent several years in the mining business. Since 1926 I have beenin the coal mining game here. Havelived here since 1915. I might digressto say that Chehalis is a beautiful littletown half way between Seattle andPortland in the finest country on God'sgreat green footstool — the PacificNorthwest. (Please pardon the boost.)My wife who was Grace McKibben ofthe School of Education, U. of Chicago,died in 1933. I have nearly finishedraising a family. My son graduated atCalifornia Tech and now has a teachingfellowship in biochemistry in the Medical Department of New York University." His oldest daughter is a senior atReed College in Portland this fall andhis youngest daughter a freshman atthe same institution.The three books about Colorado thatLavinia Small wrote for her Majesty,the late Queen Marie of Rumania, sopleased the Queen that Lavinia madethem into one for tourists entitled "Colorado the Colorful" which was readyfor the press in the spring.Agnes Wayman, athletic director,Barnard College, New York City. "I'mon a sabbatical this term [Spring 1938]and have been traveling down throughMexico and New Mexico — came backto N. Y. for my car in April and droveback to Atlanta and through the South— spending a week in the Smokies andover at my summer cottage on the- Jersey coast. Wrote my second book lastsummer [1937] and it came out inApril — A Philosophy of Physical Education — with special implications forgirls and women and for the collegefreshman program."Frank L. Griffin, Reed College,Portland, Oregon. "I'm still professorof mathematics in Reed College. In1930, served on a committee of theSocial Science Research Council to report on collegiate mathematics needed insocial science. In 1931, spent sixmonths running around in Europe withMrs. Griffin, under the pretext of conferring with mathematical economistsand mathematical biologists, with agrant-in-aid from the Social Science Research Council. By invitation gave apaper at the Rome Congress on Population Problems. Since then have been aforeign correspondent of the Italiancommittee for the study of populationproblems ; also a charter member of theEconometric Society. Since 1934 have been a member of the Commission onthe Place of Mathematics in the Secondary Schools, subsidized by the GeneralEducation Board. In 1936, issued en- .larged edition of my Introduction toMathematical Analysis. Since 1936, Regional Director, A.A.U.P. for this district. Summer 1937, taught at theUniversity of Southern California. Summer 1938, lectured at the Cowles Conference on Economic Problems. President of the newly installed Beta ofOregon chapter of Phi Beta Kappa. . .What's more interesting to Mrs. Griffinand me is that we have five grandchildren — two boys and three girls."1904Silvanus L. Heeter is in the investment securities business in Minneapolis, Minn.After teaching in Chicago highschools since the spring of 1904, \7y2years in Wendell Phillips and the restin Lindblom, Margaret McCoy resigned voluntarily in April instead ofwaiting for the retirement age limit.1905Inghram D. Hook, Kansas City,Missouri, has just been elected president of the Missouri Bar Association.He was formerly president of the Kansas City Bar Association and has heldother public offices, such as assistant citycounselor and police commissioner ofKansas City. Inghram stands high atthe Missouri Bar and his election evidences his state-wide popularity in theprofession.Carleton J. Lynde, PhD, retired inAugust on a Carnegie pension from theposition of professor of physics inTeachers College, Columbia University,which he held since 1924. In additionto Everyday Physics (MacMillan Company 1930), he has written three booksfor elementary school general scienceteachers — Science Experiences withHome Equipment 1937, Science Experiences with Inexpensive Equipment 1938,and Science Experiences with Ten CentStore Equipment, in preparation (International Textbook Company). Eachillustrates, describes, and explains 200science experiences with simple equipment.Wayland W. Magee of Bennington,Nebraska, formerly a member of theFederal Reserve Board, called at theAlumni Office while in Chicago withhis daughter, who enrolled at the University this fall.1906John F. Kelly, SM'll, is principalof the Board of Education of Dallas,Texas. |9Q7LeRoy A. Van Patten is with theNational Economy League in NewYork. |908Harriett E. Grim received herDoctor's degree at the University ofWisconsin in June. She continues amember of the faculty of the speech department at Wisconsin.Robert J. Kerner, PhD, professor ofmodern European history at the University of California, was recentlyelected a corresponding member of the Rumanian Academy of Bucharest inrecognition of his historical research inthe Balkan States.Eugene B. Patton, PhD, is directorof the Division of Statistics* and Information in the New York State Department of Labor, and a member of theindustrial teacher training faculty of theUniversity of the State of New York.September found him busy reporting attwo conventions. At the first, the International Association of GovernmentalLabor Officials Convention which washeld in Charleston, S. C, he read thereport of the Civil Service Committeeas its permanent chairman. At the second, the International Association ofIndustrial Accident Boards and Commissions Convention at Charleston, W.Va., he gave a paper on the "Awardsfor Legal Services in Workmen's Compensation Cases" as well as reportingon the work of the Committee on Statistics. Then in October at the Chicagomeeting of the National Safety Council,he speaks on "Basic Causes of Falls."Teaching Literature (1938) is thetitle of Dudley Wiles' (AM) latestpublication. Two of his previous bookswere the History of English Literature(1935) and History of American Literature (1936). He is editor of theLiterature and Life Series, Book I,1933; Book IV, 1935; Book III, 1936;Book II, 1936. Chairman of the F g-lish Department of Evander CnildsHigh School of New York City since1914, he has also been director of theHonor School for the last two years.Travel, swimming and boating are hisfavorite recreations.1909Mabel Jensen (Mrs. F. N. Stoddard) is teaching at Central HighSchool, Flint, Michigan.1911Cyrus LeRoy Baldridge has justbeen awarded the Chicago Society ofEtchers $500 publication prize for 1938.Charles A. Cary, senior chemist,is in the U. S. Bureau of Dairy Industry in Beltsville, Maryland. Hispublications have been mainly on nutrition of dairy cattle and physiology ofmilk secretion.Paul S. McKibben, PhD, is professor of anatomy and dean of the Schoolof Medicine at the University of Southern California.1912Dice R. Anderson, PhD, was amember of the General Conference ofthe Methodist Episcopal Church whichmet in May, was recently president ofthe Association of Georgia Colleges,and chairman of its committee on educational revival. He is president ofWesleyan College, Macon, Georgia.Attorney Arnold R. Baar, JD'14,•member of the law firm of Kixmiller,Baar & Morris, was recently electedpresident of City Club of Chicago. Mr.Baar is also president of the Citizens'Schools Committee of Chicago and atrustee of the Civic Federation and Bureau of Public Efficiency.Florence Bunbury (Mrs. Fred G.Frankenberry) writes from 108 Washtenaw Avenue, Ypsilanti, Michigan.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 25COLORADO ... 1858. Gold at Pike's Peak! The news spreadlike wildfire. Soon a great migration westward to the goldfields was under way. " Pike's Peak or Bust!" was the sloganof the day. Facsimile ot New York Life poster issued in 1859,FACING THE HARDSHIPS of the Overland Trail weremen from every walk of life. Many of these hardy pioneers,realizing the dangers ahead, insured with the New York Life.Thus the Company spread the benefits of its protection westward, growing with the nation. INVESTING ITS FUNDS for the benefit of the policy-holders, the New York Life has helped to build up this richand bountiful country. Thus, in providing protection for themothers and children of America, the Company has alsocontributed to the economic development of the nation.1~VUE very largely to the persistent'^-^ efforts of American life Insurance agents, there has been created abacklog of well over 100 billion dollarsof protection for the people of thiscountry. The agents have thus beenan important influence in promoting the social stability and economicprogress of America.The New York Life InsuranceCompany is now selecting collegealumni to augment its field organization in each of its Branch Officesthroughout the United States. If you think that you, or some friend ofyours, might be interested in learning about the opportunities offeredby this business, the Company willbe glad to forward a copy of a 48-page booklet entitled "A Career AsA Life Underwriter."SAFETY IS ALWAYS THE FIRST CONSIDERATION . . ; NOTHING ELSE IS SO IMPORTANTHJJEW YORK LIFE I\S1IM\(|] COMPANYyf Mutual Company /ounc/eJ on 4/iril 12. /845THOMAS A. BUCKNER. Chairman cf He Board • Sl MADISON AVENUE , NEW YORK , N.T. • ALFRED t. AIKEN, PntiJmt26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEClarence W. Kemper, DB, is firstvice-president of the Colorado Councilof Churches and pastor of the FirstBaptist Church of Denver, Colorado.Joseph G. Masters, principal of Central High School in Omaha, is the nonpartisan candidate for the UnicameralLegislation from the Ninth District.1913Chicago alumni of Los Angeleselected Charles E. Brown president ofthe Southern California Alumni Clubat the September meeting held jointlywith the alumni of the College of thePacific, honoring Amos Alonzo Stagg.Brown is with Hillman and Hillman,insurance brokers, 217 Van Nuys Building, Los Angeles.Dr. Lawrence Dunlap, Rush 15,left his eye, ear, nose and throat practice in Anaconda, Montana, last Juneto attend the 25th reunion of the Class.Keeping his daughter at the Universityconstitutes Lawrence's hobby at present but he is still as much interested incommunity service as ever.#Allen R. Evans' book entitled Reindeer Trek has been published in allEnglish-speaking countries and translated in six different languages. Hewrites fiction for various Canadianmagazines and is president of the EvansNational School, Vancouver, Canada.Judge Samuel Heller, AM'31, is upfor reelection as judge of the MunicipalCourt of Chicago.Juiji Kasai is a member of the Japanese Parliament. He addressed theAmerican-Canadian Teachers' Tour ata luncheon given by the Pan-PacificClub at the Imperial Hotel, Tokyo, mJuly. A few days later he left for aEuropean tour.William C. Krathwohl, PhD, professor of mathematics at Armour Institute of Technology, has been appointeddirector of the Department of Educational Tests and Measurements. Treasurer of Nu Alumnus Chapter of PhiDelta Kappa for last year, he has beenelected secretary for this year.C. Glenn Mather, formerly withthe Travelers Insurance Company, hasbeen directing research and market development for the National ContainerAssociation of Chicago for the last twoyears. His special interests are taxlaws, particularly in relation to publicschool systems, for adequate financialsupport in all parts of U.S.A., and reforesting programs, pulp and papermills.1914J. J. Lipp, president of J. J. LippPaper Company and Anchor PaperProducts Company at 323 West PolkStreet, Chicago, gets a kick out ofofficiating at college football games andtrack meets, as well as Golden Glovebouts and professional boxing matches,and timing watches for sporting events.Rachel Ott Snow enumerates her"only claims to distinction" as "(1)Husband Dale R. Snow, U of C 1916,vice president and general manager ofBarnsdall Oil Company, Tulsa, Oklahoma. (2) Daughter, Josephine Louise,finishing last quarter of the College, U. of C, Quadrangler. (3) Son, RobertDale, entering sophomore year, U of C.Alpha Delta Phi."Address Philip E. Kearney at 301Greenwood Avenue, Takoma Park,Maryland.Florence Anna McCormick, PhD,is still connected with the ConnecticutAgricultural Experiment Station.1915President Theodore H. Jack, PhD,of Randolph-Macon Woman's College atLynchburg, Virginia, received the degree of D.Litt. from George Washington University this year.Raymond B. Lucas, JD, Benton,Missouri, was recently appointed ajudge of the Supreme Court of Missouri, to fill the unexpired term ofJudge William F. Frank, who died inSeptember. Judge Lucas took his placeon the bench at once and sat at the sessions of the Court in Banc during theSeptember 1938 Term. He has formany years been an outstanding andsuccessful lawyer of Southeast Missouri, well known and with high prestige throughout the state. His appointment by Governor Lloyd C. Stark, whohas shown conscientious concern toselect for his judicial appointments thehighest type of lawyer, received veryfavorable comment in the MissouriPress. Ray Lucas has been aggressivein the American Bar and state baractivities.Ernest E. Piper, rector of St. Matthias Church of Detroit, is a member ofthe Literature Committee for YoungPeople of the Protestant EpiscopalChurch and chairman of the Council ofRepresentatives of Youth Organizations.Chi Che Wang, SM, PhD'18, is aresearch chemist in the Department ofSurgery at the University of CincinnatiMedical School. She has published overfifty papers in various scientific journals, mostly on mineral, protein, fat andenergy metabolism.Mabel L. Roe, SM, PhD' 15, teachesbiology and botany at the Long Beach(California) Junior College. Hobbies— gardening and bird study.1916C. O. Hardy, PhD, staff member ofthe Brookings Institute, was co-authorof a "Report on the Availability of BankCredit in the Seventh Federal ReserveDistrict" (1935) and has recently written several other studies. He taught atthe University of California in the summer of 1937 ; in 1935 he attended a conference in London under the auspices ofthe Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.Fisher S. Harris has long been cityattorney of Salt Lake City.Amm.a F. Johnson is in the interiordecorating business in Pasadena, California.For recreation C. L. Kjerstand, AM,PhD'17, of the University of North Dakota faculty, chooses gardening. He isacting head of the department of philosophy and teaches courses in educationas well as philosophy.In June, at the 102nd Commencement of Alfred University an honorary degree of Doctor of Fine Arts was conferred upon William Garrison Whit-ford. This was in recognition of professional writing in the field of art education and was the second degree Mr.Whitford has received from Alfred University. Professor Norwood made particular reference to the textbook Introduction to Art Education having wideuse in teacher training schools and tomany articles appearing in professionalmagazines and journals. Mr. Whitfordhas been a member of the staff of thedepartment of education here at the University of Chicago since 1913. Mrs.Whitford is Dorothy Edwards.1917Ethel M. Clark has been Mrs. R. J.Van Hecke since June 1933. She continues as a kindergarten teacher at theLaFayette School, Chicago.Raymond Eugene Fisher is superintendent of the Sheet Mill of the Aluminium Company of America at NewKensington, Pa.Eleanor E. Hawkins is the librarian at the Junior College of Connecticutin Bridgeport.Samuel H. Kalis, LLB, is presidentof Karo Knit Fabrics, Inc., New YorkCity.Edith A. Kraeft, SM'24, 6433 Stafford Avenue, Huntington Park, California, is the newly elected secretary ofthe Southern California alumni club.Writing of the many eventful moments that have come and gone in thelives of the Kroll family, LeolineGardner Kroll says: "On June 5,1937, Mr. Kroll, our son Harry, and Ileft our home at Buhl, Minnesota, tospend the summer in Iowa where Mr.Kroll planned to attend the summer session at Iowa State. We had a very delightful summer. On our homewardjourney our son was taken ill and atthe Mayo Clinic at Rochester his casewas diagnosed as scarlet fever. He wastaken to the hospital there and he andI remained in the city for three weeks.After a few days Mr. Kroll returnedto Buhl for the opening of school. Whilewe were in Rochester, Mr. Kroll accepted a position as architectural drawing instructor in the senior high schoolat Rockford, Illinois. After returningfrom Rochester we immediately madepreparations for moving and Octoberfound us on our way to Rockford. Withthe problems of securing a home andbecoming established, we were keptrather busily engaged for the monthsahead. In June we were again on ourway to Iowa where we passed the entiresummer at Ames. Mr. Kroll completedthe work for his M.S. degree and secured six weeks of credit toward hisdoctorate, so we felt that our summerhad been very beneficial. September 1¦ found us back in Rockford where I amhoping to benefit by the cultural environment of our lovely city."Hedwig Stieglitz Kuhn, MD'19,Glendale Park, Hammond, Indiana,writes : "The last fifteen years havebeen spent doing the opthalmology inthe industrial practice of our eye, ear,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 27TO HAVE ANDto HOLD J.TS only human to want toown things . . . and just as humanto want to keep them. But as youacquire material possessions . . .a home, furnishings, business,automobile, jewelry, furs, etc ... you are constantly facedwith the possibility of losing them by fire, explosion, embezzlement, accident and other hazards. The logical solution is insurance . . . thereis a policy available against practically every haz- IfltWllard that threatens your financial welfare. Consult ** prymithe North America Agent in your vicinity. ; mzzzsz*Insurance Company ofNorth AmericaPHILADELPHIAand its affiliated companieswrite practically every form of insurance except lifenose and throat office under my husband, Dr. Hugh Kuhn's leadership."My greatest outside interest besidesmedical work is participating in civicaffairs. I have been on many of thecommittees of the Chamber of Commerce, worked out their UnemploymentBureau statistics before the Federal andState Bureaus were set up, and car-tied the responsibility and leadership0f the Hammond Open Forum over thelast fifteen years since its inception.Started four years ago the Hammondchapter of the League of Women Voterswhich has become an up and going organization. Then, I am sort of amatriarch of such small groups as theIndustrial Nurses Association, etc., thep T.A.'s where they need semi-technicaladvice. This with directorship in theCommunity Chest and many small ventures and committee work has held fora good deal of time."Both my husband and myself havekept up, doing post-graduate medicalwork throughout these fifteen years inVienna, London, Madrid, Berlin, Budapest, Paris. I have two husky sons,aged 12 and 14. Both of them had ayear in an English boarding school ;^ theyounger one is there at the present time.The older boy is a second year at Culver Military Academy."My husband's main recreation is afarm we have twelve miles south^ ofhere in which my only participation,being a pretty lazy human, is in thesaddle horses and riding.^ With booksand photography as additional hobbieswe manage to keep out of mischief."1918Frances R. Donovan, a Chicagoteacher and author of a number ofbooks, presents in her latest volume,The Schoolmdam, a highly interestingand enlightening survey of the teachersof America.Marguerite B. Johnston, elementary school principal, reports from 3700West Pine Boulevard, St. Louis, Mo.After graduation Reese H. Joneswent to New York City for a year andthen to Europe where he studied in twoFrench universities. Subsequently hereturned to the U. S. and, by a peculiarquirk of fate, .landed in promotionalwork of outdoor amusement enterprisesand is now manager of Riverview Parkin Des Moines, Iowa.Charles H. Behre, Jr., PhD'25, recently Guggenheim Fellow travelingover Europe from Russia to Englandand from Poland to Algeria, visiting 55mines to study the genesis of lead andzinc deposits, is professor of geology atNorthwestern University.Edson L. Erwin is employed in thesystems development department of BellTelephone Laboratories as a member ofthe technical staff and is located at 463West Street, New York City. His homeaddress is Towaco, New Jersey.Extracts from CLASS, Vol. V, No. 13Published June 3, 1938Marian Wilson Toigo, report says,is very much occupied bringing up several husky sons, lives in Chicago.Gladys Campbell, after several THE OLDEST CAMP IN THE WESTCAMP HIGHLANDSFOR BOYSSAYNER, WISCONSINThree Camps— 8-12: 13-14: 15-17Woodcraft, Athletic and Water Sports,Music, Photography, Scouting, Long CanoeTrips, Riding, Shooting, Shop, Nature Lore,Camping Trips, Unexcelled Equipment,Experienced Staff, Doctor and Nurse.WRITE THE DIRECTOR FOR CATALOGW. J. MONILAW, M. D.5712 Kenwood Ave., ChicagoBLACKSTONEHALLanExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748 TelephoneBlackstone Ave. Plaza 3313Verna P. Werner, Director W. J. LYNCHCOMPANYBUILDING CONSTRUCTION208 So. La Salle StreetCHICAGO28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEyears of teaching English at UniversityHigh School, is now instructor in theHumanities at the University.Adelheid Steiner Gieske taught inthe Barrington (111.) High School forsome time, now gives private lessons inEnglish, French, and German. Pastpresident of the Barrington Woman'sClub, she is helping to promote the organization of a branch of the A.A.U.W.in her town. In addition, the joyoustask of preparing a daughter, JoanSteiner 11 for the University, keeps herrather busy.Dr. Alice McNeal is at the Presbyterian Hospital, an expert in anaesthesiawork under Dr. Haney.Clifford Manshardt is cominghome from India at the end of this year.He is directing head of the NagpadaNeighborhood House in Bombay, isrumored recently to have been put incharge of a five million dollar fund forsocial service work in India.Dr. William C. Buchbinder is assistant professor of medicine at Northwestern University Medical School, attending man at Cook County Hospital,on the staff at Michael Reese. Althoughhe keeps very busy with his specialty,internal medicine, he has time for hisavocation, the piano, which he playsbrilliantly.Martin Hanke is associate professor of physiological chemistry at theUniversity.Harry X. Cole is the most prominent divorce lawyer in Chicago.Ida Kraus-Ragins is in the department of physiological chemistry at theUniversity.Harry B. Van Dyke is on the staffof the Peking Union Medical College,Peking, once was China.Morris Hertzfield is a physician,with his practice in Chicago's west side.Dr. Leo Brandes lives at 1605 Sunset boulevard, Los Angeles, reports thathe is one of the 130 million workingfor the government.Irene Okeberg Owen writes fromRoute 2, Benton Harbor, Michigan, reports a son John Victor, age 6.Mildred Smith Dodd lives at Tideway, Westport, Connecticut, reports avery nice husband, Allen R., a Betafrom Yale, and a son, Allen Jr., butMildred still hopes to reform him (thatis, Allen Jr.).Stan Roth, after three years withthe Golden Rule, St. Paul's largest department store, was signed up eightmonths ago by the Schulte Retail StoresCorporation to inaugurate a new merchandising policy in their some 270stores, and he's mighty busy now. Headquarters New York, and residenceScarsdale, where Mrs. Roth and twofine boys, 12 and 8, enjoy suburban life.Barbara Miller Simpson, wife ofGeorge (who has been officially adoptedby the class of '18), lives in the University community, is especially interested in the League of Women Voters,serving as treasurer of the Cook CountyLeague. Also president of ChicagoAlumnae Club. One mighty nice boy,Northrup, age 9, who is pursuing his education at the University ElementarySchool.Elinor Castle Nef is in Chicagoonly six months of every year. She andhusband John, economic historian,spend each summer in Europe in connection with his research work, and theyusually winter in California or Honolulu. Our correspondent writes she(Elinor) is just as lovely as ever.Constance McLaughlin Greencontinues to live with husband and threechildren in Holyoke, Mass., took herPh.D. from Harvard a year or two ago.Went abroad with the John Nefs twoyears past.Myles Standish, living on the westcoast for the past six years, has twochildren: Myles, at Howe School, Indiana, and Gertrude, at U.C.L.A. Saysnot much business, but a lot of Pasadena sunshine, floods, and an earthquakenow and then. We'll shake on that,Myles !Julia Stebbins, lively and peppy asever, is executive secretary of the CookCounty League of Women Voters, 225N. Michigan ave.Judson Tyley lives at 937 N. WallerAve., Chicago, is an advertising salesman for Sprague, Warner & Co., wholesale grocers, has one daughter, PhyllisMarion, age 9.Ruth Herrick is an M.D. at 26Sheldon Ave., S.E., Grand Rapids,Mich.Dorothy Winefield Pink lives at3318 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago.Rose Libman Hecht (Mrs. BenHecht) is doing a great deal of writing for one of the large Hollywoodstudios, has a fine home on the Hudson,goes in for horticulture in a big way.Letitia Chaffee is part owner andeditor of Promenade, house organ ofthe Waldorf Astoria Hotel, New York.Helena Stevens Seaberg, wife ofFrederic (whom Helena is rapidly converting into an '18er), lives in Glencoe,has one son, Stevens 7j4. She doesmothering and housewifeing, drawsthings for King Features Syndicate,does excellent gardening, carryingeverything from the front of the houseto the back one year, then the next yearcarrying everything in the back out tothe front.Dr. Walter C Earle is a malariaexpert with the Rockefeller Foundation.He is at present stationed at Cuerna-vaca, Morelos, Mexico, and is livinghere in a charming hacienda with hiswife and family. Mrs. Earle was Eugenie Williston, a University of Chicagogirl, and they have a family of four,Marjorie 14, Walter Jr. 12, Norman 10,Richard 5. Walt has to his credit a remarkable movie showing the life cycleof the malaria mosquito.A. Floyd Anglemyer is generalsales manager for the Eagle Roller MillCompany, a flour milling concern ofNew Ulm, Minnesota, has one daughter,Sallie Dianne, age 6.Paul Heilman operates a Ford motor car agency in Havana, Cuba. Hehas two boys who are now living inHighland Park.Pauline Callen is teaching at the Lindblom High School, Chicago.Lillian Burke Gillen is teachingat the Hyde Park High School, Chi-cago, has two children.Erma Kahn Brown lives in LosAngeles.Olive Gower Hundley lives inGrand Forks, North Dakota, has twoboys, John Gower 9, James Bailey 5says her pet peeve is "North Dakotastate politics — nufl sed !"Arthur Turman is district petroleum engineer for the Standard OilCompany of California, lives in TaftCalifornia, has two boys Arthur Davis6/4, John Davis 2%.Wade Bender operates a companywhich produces and merchandises inlaidveneer wood, headquarters Chicago, factory Detroit, but Wade gets all over thecountry.Dr. Fred Firestone lives on SutterSt., San Francisco. He says he doesnot work, merely practices medicine. Hehas two sons, Frederic Norton 6, andRichard Allen 3, considers them prospects for the classes of 1950 and 1955.Margaret Chouffet is assistant librarian at the Oak Park Public Library.Edith Watters Brown, after teaching for a year and a half in a privateschool, now tries out her home economics theories on husband Arthur E., andAngelo Patri's theories on their twoboys, ages 15 and 7. The older, Harper, should be a Chicago freshman in'41.Walter A. Bowers lives in ChevyChase, Maryland, is executive assistantto the Commissioner of Accounts andDeposits, U. S. Treasury Department,Washington, has four children, JoyAnne 11, Gertrude Jeannine 8*^, Elizabeth Carter 7, Walter A. Jr. 4yi.Fay Bentley is a distinguished Juvenile Court judge in Washington.Ethel Meyers is an expert in thepassport division of the U. S. State Department, Washington.Sherman Cooper lives in Washington but seems to have facilities for incoming mail only.Ruth Palmer May lives at 5537Everett Ave., Chicago.James H. Newett works for theAmerican Red Cross, offices in the Cotton Exchange Building, Dallas, Texas.George McDonald is one of the lawyers for the Modern Woodmen of America, headquarters at Rock Island, Illinois.Rosemary Carr Benet, wife ofStephen V. Benet, poet and novelist,has a few literary by-products to herown .credit, besides three charmingchildren, Stephanie 14, Thomas 12, Rachel 7. They all live in New York.In 1922 Margaret F. Myers marriedone Frank P. McWhorter, a ChicagoS.M. in Botany. They lived first in thePhilippines, then in Virginia, nowFrank is attached to the Oregon StateCollege at Corvallis, Oregon. Theirson Malcom is 12. Margaret writes:We are now blissfully inhaling realscenery in Oregon. When all you more-or-less Easterners tire of seeing Europetry your own west coast and be pleasantly surprised!"THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 29John Nuveen, Jr., is executive ofj0hn Nuveen & Co., municipal bonds,n0w occupying snorty new quarters, entire 42nd floor of Field Building, activein City Manager drive, Y. M. C. A.work, treasurer of 1918 Reunion Committee, lives in Kenilworth, and hasfour children : Margaret 9, Anne Ridg-way 6, John Septimus 4, William Ben-Anne Gordon Meier lives in Hinsdale, has two children, Margaret Anne9 and George Gordon 4%.'Louis Mantynband is a partner inthe law firm of Mclnerney, Epstein andArvey, lives at 859 Castlewood Terrace,Chicago, has three children, Babette 12,Ralph 8, Portia 6.Frances Lauren lives at 5549 Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago.Sigmund Cohen is with the Midwest Knit Goods Company, 111 S. Market Street, Chicago, has two children,Doris 15, Alan 13.Eva Richolson Chapman dividesher time between her two homes, 4133N. Kedvale Ave., Chicago, and Hill-crest on Big Portage, Land O' Lakes,Wisconsin. The Chapmans have fivechildren, Joan 20, John Wm. Jr. 17(who matriculated at the Universitythis fall), Stuart Lee 15, Roger Allen 8, Wayne 5. Eva is vice-presidentof the Irving Park Woman's Club.Julia Harvey is a social worker.She studied last year at the School ofSocial Service Administration at theUniversity, this year is working at theCouncil of Social Agencies.Mildred Fahy is principal of thePeirce School, Chicago, and presidentof the Department of Science of theNational Education society.Eloise Smith Watson lives in Hinsdale, reports one daughter, E. Virginia,age 10.Helen L. Marshall is assistant librarian in the public library at RockIsland, Illinois, and very active in theLeague for Women Voters.Agnes Murray More and daughterSuzanne spent the winter in Tuscon,reside otherwise in Evanston.Helen M. Johnson WORKS for theBoard of Education at the Tilden Technical High School, Chicago.Elizabeth L., Steigleder continuesas postmaster at Spencer, Iowa, complains "for years my only contact withthe class of '18 has been John Nuveen' sregular letter advising me and otherpatrons of my office of worthwhilebonds for sale at his office. If my memory serves me right, he sent me a stickof gum once and urged me to vote forhim for class treasurer. Times aren'tmuch changed — in those days a chewgot a vote !"It's always a delight to meet charming Florence Woods, her occupationhigh school teaching for the Board ofEducation, Chicago.Miriam Bowman Simon, wife of abusy physician and surgeon of Alva,Oklahoma, mother of two energeticboys, William Hale, 9, and Robert Bowman, 6, president of the local P.E.O.chapter, vice-president of the FederatedWoman's Club, executive member of the P.T.A., national Social ServiceChairman of Delta Sigma Epsilonsorority, and withal an active memberof the Methodist Church of Alva.Ruth Vance (Mrs. F. R. Babcock)is secretary of admissions at Dana Hall,Wellesley, Mass., has one daughter,Barbara, age 18, is active in U. of C.alumni group in Boston.Olive Turner MacArthur lives inToronto, Ontario, with husband andfour children, the eldest of whom is18, and is now at Oberlin.Ruth Elizabeth Young is associateprofessor of Italian language and literature at Smith College, lives at MarthaWilson House, Northampton, Mass.Frances Creekmur Whitcomb is atechnician in the Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Universityof Illinois, campus on Chicago's westside. Has one daughter, Anne Cyrus,11.Juliette Bartholomew Stucky, ofLansing, Michigan has five fine children, Juliette 14, Harry 12, Susan 9,George 8, and Betsy 3, and therebyprobably heads the list of 1918 mothers.Florence Kilvary Slifer lives inBelmont, Mass., with husband John,class of '17, and son John Emerson,age 15.Irene Marsh Scofield, residenceKansas City, Mo., family Georgia 15,Tom 12, and Jerry 9, says her pet peeveis having to keep her weight down.Frances Roberts Rothermel livesin Glencoe with her husband Sam, classof '17, and daughter Joyce, age 10, andis reported to be very active in P.T.A.work.Walter Lincoln Palmer is a topman in the University of Chicago'ssouth side medical school, lives in theUniversity community,- has three children, Robert Howard 6y2 enrolled inthe University of Chicago ElementarySchool, Donald Walter iy2, and Elisabeth Bonney, who arrived June 20, 1938.Mary Knapp works as secretary forher father, Dr. A. A. Knapp, withoffices in the Jefferson Building, Peoria,111.Wrisley Oleson is president of theAllen B. Wrisley Company of Olivilofame. Harriet Cury Oleson, charmingas ever, presides over his household.They live in Lombard.Carl Wendrick lives in BeverlyHills, heads a steel business, has a summer home in a beautiful spot on theWisconsin River at Land O' Lakes.Dr. Carl Helgeson is a physician,offices at 2376 E. 71st St., Chicago.Julia Ricketts King lives in Winnetka, has two sons, Lindsay 11 andJasper 7. She is on the Chicago CityManager Board, is chairman of theIllinois Joint Committee for the MeritSystem in Illinois, is personnel chairman of the Cook County League ofWomen's Voters, is chairman of theGreeley School P.T.A. in Winnetka,and is president of the North Shore ArtLeague, and had time to help plan andorganize the 20th Reunion. The Midway School6216 Kimbark Ave. Tel. Dorchester 3299Elementary Grades — High SchoolPreparation — KindergartenFrench, Music and ArtBUS SERVICEA School with Individual Instruction andCultural AdvantagesHEBRON ACADEMYThorough college preparation for boys at moderate cost. 75 Hebron boys freshmen in collegethis year. Write for booklet and circulars.Ralph L. Hunt, Box G, Hebron, Me.LIBRARY SCHOOL209 S. State St., Chicago, III.Preparatory course for public Librarian.Practical book courses for positions inRental Libraries and book stores.Register Mon. to Fri. II a. m. to 4 p. m.ELIZABETH HULL SCHOOLForRETARDED CHILDRENBoarding and Day Pupils5046Greenwood Ave. TelephoneDrexel 1188Intensive Stenographic CourseFOR COLLEGE MEN & WOMEN100 Words a Minute in 100 Days As- _A_sured for one Fee. Enroll NOW. Day Kclasses only— Begin Jan., Apr., Julyand Oet. Write or Phone Ban. 1575. .18 S. MICHIGAN AVE., CHICAGO 4rHHHmi*eMacCormac School ofCommerceBusiness Administration and SecretarialTrainingDAY AND EVENING CLASSESAccredited by the National Association of Accredited Commercial Schools.1170 E. 63rd St. H. P. 2130Your whole life throughShorthand will be useful to you.LearnGREGGthe world's fastest shorthand.30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINESallie S. Rust teaches Greek andLatin at the School of Ethical Culture,New York. She lives in New York inthe winter, but has built a house at BayShore, Long Island, where she gardens,pursues her hobbies.Dorothy White McAvoy lives inEvanston.Catherine McCausland Spauldingis president of the Holyoke alumnae, isactive in Glencoe affairs, where shelives, has three children.Dorothy Blouke Carus lives withher family of four children in LaSalle,Illinois. Report is that the childrenare receiving thorough musical educations and have shown considerabletalent.•BUSINESSDIRECTORY•AMBULANCE SERVICEBOYDSTON BROS.Emergency 'phones OAK. 0492-0493operatingAuthorized Ambulance Servicefor Billings HospitalUniversity Clinics, " etc.PACKARD AND LASALLE EQUIPMENTASBESTOS&&$ PIONEERING IN THEDEVELOPMENT OF INSULATIONMATERIALS FOR THE CONTROLOF HEAT-LOSS SINCE 1873KEASBEY & MATTISON COMPANY140 So. Dearborn St. Ran. 6951 Lois Hostetter Huebenthal engineered the John Marshall High Schoolalumni reunion this year. Lois andFred live in Maywood with their twochildren, have been very active inP.T.A. circles. Reported that Fred ison the Maywood School Board.Lucy Rockwell Balmer lives at 432Winneconna Parkway, Chicago, andhas one daughter, Laura, age 10.Harold Clark is located in Oil City,Penn.Margaret Bowers Jenckes lives at319 Sheridan Road, Winnetka.Willene Baker Devol is now living,with husband and two daughters, inCouncil Bluffs, Iowa.Frances Enger Christiansen, living at 1929 Morse Ave., Chicago, hastwo sons, Thomas 15 and Robert 14.Jim Evans is selling Packards inChicago. His oldest daughter, Mimi,is a sophomore at the University thisyear. The other Evans children aretwin girls, about twelve years old.Idalia Maxson Macy lives in Flushing, New York, has one boy, Robert,age 6.Frederick C. Leonard is chairmanof the Department of Astronomy at theUniversity of California, Los Angeles.His pet peeve is astrology. He says ifwe don't know who he is, other than aname on the alumni list, please to consult the International Who's Who,Who's Who in America, American Menof Science, America's Young Men, etc.We consulted his own pamphlet andhe's O.K. !Helen L. Koch is associate professor of child psychology at the University of Chicago, and coordinator, University cooperative nursery school. Herlife is serene, she has no pet peeves.J. Oliver Johnson is vice-presidentof the Chesterton State Bank, Chesterton, Indiana, has three sons, Charles 14,John 12, Robert 9, and his pet peeve isthe present administration.Barbara Hendry Holman lives inOak Park, has "two children, ArthurStearns ll1/, and Margaret AlexanderHarry Herx is principal of a gradeschool in Chicago, lives at 6341 Kenwood Ave.Margaret Hayes has majored ineducation for the past 20 years. Shehas taught in the elementary and highschools and junior colleges of Chicago.Was dean of women at the Herzl JuniorCollege, a year ago received her appointment as principal of the CameronElementary School. In the meantimeshe has been rapidly earning a reputation as a world traveler.Harold J. Fishbein in business forhimself in Chicago, is also executivesecretary for- the National Bottle Jobbers Association, lives at 5228 Kenwood, has two children, Elise 8, andStephen Morris 4.Ruth Falkenau is executive housekeeper at the Chicago Beach Hotel, Chicago, which is a big job.Joseph Day is treasurer of BroomellBros., dealers in real estate mortgages,11 W. Washington" St., Chicago, livesat 1641 Beverly Glen Parkway, has three children, Joseph J., Jr. 16, Rob-ert C. 12, and a newcomer, John G,now a year old.J. Milton Coulter is just a vice-president of the Selected InvestmentsCompany and of Security SupervisorsChicago, and don't ask him what a vice-president does. He has three children,the New Deal didn't change the number, just inflated the expenses. His eldest, Virginia 20, is a Theta at the University of Missouri. After his first workout for baseball this year, Milt thoughtsure it was our 40th instead of our 20threunion.William Boal operates a large rugand carpet concern, called WesternFloor Coverings, located at 112 S.Franklin St., Chicago. He has one son,W. Stetson, age 8, and lives in Evanston.Ethel V. Bishop is secretary to thetreasurer of the University of Chicago.Dorothy Fay Barclay is very active in the women's division of theDemocratic National Committee. TheApollo Musical Club keeps her idle moments from being idle. She reports thatHelena Stevens Seaberg and MarjorieSchnering Speer are going suburbanite,and comments that she will never understand why anybody would want to livefarther than five miles from the loop.Robert Fraser (so-called Skub) wasat last report working on the sportsdesk of a paper somewhere in NewMexico.Arthur Baer lives in Beverly Hills(Chicago, not the west coast), takeslife and the 20th reunion very seriously,and writes occasionally for CLASS, theWorld's Worst Newspaper.Florence Lamb Gentleman has oneboy, Gregor, age 9. She teaches American History at Tilden Technical HighSchool, Chicago, but is at present on afurlough doing work toward her master's degree.Dr. Bernard Portis lives at 5323Hyde Park boulevard, has three children, Jean, Mary, and Bernard Jr.Madeline McManus Craig worksfor the Chicago Board of Education atthe Jones Vocational School. She hasone son, George Jr., age 8.Mary Knight Asbury has threechildren, lives in Cincinnati.Dr. Charles E. Galloway is a famous and successful gynecologist on thenorth shore, Chicago, has his office inEvanston, lives in Hubbard Woods. Hehas four children. Gertrude 21, CharlesEdwin 19, John King 14, Mary Stewart11. When we asked him what he knewabout other '18ers he said, "Everyonewhom I know is doing very well. Mostof them actually graduated when thetime came but some others like MiltCoulter are still going to school."Eva Adams Sutherland lives inthe University community, is assistantto the dean of the School of Businessof the University, and assistant directorof the Institute of Meat Packing.Marie Engelhard Millard, 2636Wilson* Avenue, Chicago, has two boysin school, is president of the NorthSide Council of Parent Teachers Associations, and editor of a monthlyP.T.A. magazine.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 311919Neeta Glyde Boshell is now doingmedical social service work at CookCounty Hospital.Mrs. Andrew W. Gartner (EdithFrame) lives at 117 West FranklinStreet, Wheaton, Illinois, and has oneson, Wayne Joseph, age ten years.John C. Gekas, JD, is back at hisoffice at 77 West Washington Street,Chicago, after a ten weeks' trip inGreece, his third in twelve years.Anna E. Jones is now Mrs. M. J.Shipley and is teaching high school inMazon, Illinois.1920John T. McNeill, PhD, professor atthe University of Chicago, and Helena M. Gamer, '22, PhD'32, ofMt. Holyoke College, have writtenthe twenty-ninth number of the series"Records of Civilization: Sources andStudies," entitled Medieval Handbooksof Penance ; a Translation of the Principal libri poenitentiales and Selectionsfrom Related Documents. The book willbe published by Columbia UniversityPress, Columbia University, New YorkCity, in October at $4.75.After a summer spent working inItalian archives, Florence Edler deRoover, AM'23, PhD'30, went to Mac-Murray College as professor of historyand head of the department of historyand government. She says it is veryinteresting to be back in the teachingharness after years of full time researchwork and reports that there are twoother Chicago PhD's in history in Jacksonville: President Harris G. Hudsonof Illinois College and Professor JoePatterson Smith, head of the historydepartment at Illinois College.Charles O. Haskell, AM, is an instructor at Kansas State Teachers College at Emporia.Frank J. Madden is now associated. with Brewer and Farrell, 1559 Continental Illinois Bank Building, Chicago.Dean H. Mitchell of Hammondwas recently elected president of theNorthern Indiana Public ServiceCompany, Indiana's largest public utility, succeeding John M. Shanahan whodied in August. With the company forfourteen years, Mitchell has been vicepresident and general manager since1934.Eleanor M. Burgess, Harrison HighSchool, Chicago, was one of a groupof twenty-nine American and Canadianhigh school teachers who spent the summer in Japan, Korea, and Manchoukuoas guests of the Board of Tourist Industry of the Japanese GovernmentRailways.Among the many prominent peoplewho entertained them were the Premierof Manchoukuo, the Governor Generalof Korea and the Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs in Japan.Miss Burgess sent us following letters written by two Chinese officials inManchoukuo, both of whom were former students at the University. Shemet them on a ship between Dai r en andMaji where they, as members of theEconomic Mission Manchoukuo (26 men), were en route to Germany andItaly on a good will tour.August 3, 1938.Dear Sir :May I have the pleasure to tell youthat I was one of the students in thesummer school at Chicago Univ. inthe year 1919. I studied psychologyand sociology under Profs. Carr andStar. Both of them I loved very much.After I graduated from the Univ. ofMichigan, I was made the dean in theLiterary and Law departments of theNorth-Eastern Univ. in Manchuria.The president of the said institutionwas Governor Wang, Yuenchiang, awell known political leader and literaryman in Manchuria. I held this positionmore than six years.As our country, Manchoukuo, wasfounded, I did something in the educational circle. In the year 1937, I became the magistrate of Teh-Ling prefecture, one of the biggest districtsalong S.M.R. Line.Now, our government sends a Goodwill and Economic Mission to Italy andGermany. On board the ship "NekkaMaru" I fortunately met Miss Burgesswho told me about her trip to Manchoukuo. We have a long talk and apleasant trip, too. This brings me backto the U. S. A. Though I am in Manchoukuo, but I am longing for ChicagoUniv. and the Univ. of Mich, all thetime. It is, however, to be understoodthat our country, Manchoukuo, is ahappy and peaceful land. I hope thatall of you can come here and see something which will be very interestingto you.This few words will find all of you,ladies and gentlemen, in a big successand good health. Good-bye.Yours sincerely,Chao-fan Wang.Dear Old Friends:With a great pleasure to write a fewwords before I can meet you, ladies andgentlemen, I am so glad I have thechance to meet Miss Burgess on theboard while I am one of the membersof Manchutukuo Mission for Europe.I have heard so much of our university.Really I was not graduated from theU. of Chi. but I had few advancedcourses in the U. of Chi. after I graduated from Knox College in 1924.Since I came back from U. S. I hadbeen working in Railways. But nowI am one of the Directors of the Manchuria Industried Development Corporation. My company is considered asthe largest in heavy industrial line.Our company has found the climate andresources in Manchuria just like in Illinois, so we will do our work like American way. I and my company hope thatwe will have more relations with U. S.of America. As to the last I hopeWest meets East.Sung Ching-Tao.1921Josephine Ardrey works for A. G.Becker and Company, Chicago.Alicia C. Keller is teaching atWestport High School, Kansas City,Missouri. AWNINGSPhones Oakland 0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.,INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4506 Cottage Grove AvenueBLINDSVENETIAN BLINDSHalper Venetian Blind Co.1040 West Van Buren StreetMONROE 5033-5042BOILER REPAIRINGBEST BOILER REPAIR &WELDING CO.BOILER REPAIRING AND WELDING24 HOUR SERVICE1408 S. Western Ave. Tel. Canal 6071NIGHT PHONEDREXEL 6400 OAKLAND 3929HAVEFEWER BOILER REPAIRSMFG. OF FEWER'S SUBMERGED WATERHEATERS4317 Cottage Grove Ave., ChicagoEstablished 1895BOOK BINDERSW. B. CONKEY COMPANYHammond, IndianaPrinters and BindersofBooks and CatalogsSales OfficesCHICAGO NEW YORK BOOKSMEDICAL BOOKSof All PublishersThe Largest and Most Complete Stock andall New Books Received as soon as published. Come in and browse.SPEAKMAN'S(Chicago Medical Book Co.)Comqress and Honore StreetsOne Block from Rush Medical CollegeCATERERJOSEPH H. BIGGSFine Catering in all its branches50 East Huron StreetTel. Sup. 0900— 090 1Retail Deliveries Daily and SundaysQuality and Service Since 188232 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMayme I. Logsdon, PhD, of the University of Chicago, has been electedpresident of the Chicago branch of A.A.U.W. for the term 1938-1940. She isalso president of Kappa Chapter ofDelta Kappa Gamma.Mrs. Dorothy Huebner Towne,SM'27, lives at 7942 Merrill Avenue,Chicago, and teaches at Fenger HighSchool.Leland G. Ackerley, JD, attorney,lives in Osceola, Iowa.Chester J. Attig, PhD, professor ofhistory at North Central College, Na-perville, Illinois, collaborated withothers in publishing A SynchronousHistory of Biblical Times (John HertelCompany, 1936). He has also publishedA Short History of North Central College (1936). He has been making numerous speeches on the historic background of present-day economic and international problems.1922Cecil M. P. Cross, PhD, is foreignservice officer in France, his addressbeing U. S. Government Building, 2Avenue Gabriel, Paris.Elmer A. K. Culler, PhD, is professor of psychology at the Universityof Illinois, Urbana, Illinois.Professor of history at American University, Wesley M. Gewehr, PhD, conducted a group to Europe this summerfor the study of international relations.He notes that American University nowhas four Chicago PhD's in its HistoryDepartment and has Professor Doddalso this year.Since her retirement in 1933, LouiseH. John of Galion, Ohio, has taken amore active part than ever in civic activities and has been serving as a member of the local Board of Education since1935, as president of the Public HealthLeague since 1930, and as secretary-treasurer of the Nursery School Advisory Board Federal Project since 1937.Edgar N. Johnson, PhD'31, is associate professor of history at the University of Nebraska. He collaboratedwith Professor J. W. Thompson on AnIntroduction to Medical Europe, 300-1500 (W. W. Norton, 1937). He wasmarried in 1936.Ford H. Kaufman is working forthe Selected Investment Company ofIndianapolis, Indiana.John J. Milford, AM, of Huntsville,Alabama, has been president of the Baptist Sunday School Convention of Alabama since 1936.Brenton W. Stevenson, AM, director of evening sessions at the University of Toledo, is president of theAdult Education Council of Toledo.James D. Trahey is located at Rosemary, North Carolina.Warner F. Woodring, PhD, has accepted the position of professor of English history at Ohio State University,resigning from his. post as head of department at Allegheny College, Meadville, Pa. Mrs. Woodring is LauraLucas, '24.1923The author of the Mastery Workbooks in Arithmetic (F. A. Davis Com pany), H. C. Christofferson, AM,has also published a volume entitledGeometry Professionalized for Teachers (George Banta Publishing Company, Menasha, Wise). He is directorof secondary education and professor ofmathematics at Miama University.In addition to his law practice, Milton Gordon, JD'25, is giving courseson real estate law in the School of Commerce at Northwestern and also at theAmerican Savings and Loan Institute.His present interests range from horseback riding to motion picture photography.James L. Homire, JD'26, is co-trustee and counsel for the D. S. S. & A.Railway Company, in Minneapolis,Minnesota.L. C. Robinson, SM'24, PhD'35, isassociate professor of geology at theUniversity of Kentucky.The newly appointed chairman of thedivision of the social science, and headof the department of history at GeorgiaState College for Women is MackSwearingen, AM, PhD'32, formerly ofthe Tulane faculty.Mrs Ralph Williamson, AM, is aninstructor in the Department of English at Brooklyn College.George H. Yardley, Jr., 7300 SantaMonica Boulevard, Los Angeles, waselected vice president of the SouthernCalifornia Alumni Club on September29 when the club met jointly with theCollege of the Pacific alumni in honorof Amos Alonzo Stagg.1924Olga Adams, AM'32, of the University Elementary School, organized allthe material for the Bulletin on the"Modern Kindergarten" published in1937 by the Association for ChildhoodEducation.Helen Robbins Bitterman, 1259Sixth Avenue, Columbus, Ohio, has become much interested in public affairs,having spoken last year on the proposedEqual Rights Amendment in Illinois,Michigan, Wisconsin, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland and New York and appeared before the Senate JudiciaryCommittee on its behalf. Her husband,Henry J. Bitterman, PhD'32, is associate professor of economics at OhioState.Eleanore Cramer Brown, '27, worksfor the Chicago Relief Administration."Am interested in sports and newsfrom all over the world," writes Genevieve Cook, who was head teacher atthe Chicago Juvenile Court school before her retirement in 1930. She lives at647 North Waller Avenue, Chicago.Mrs. Marguerite Higgins Davis,director of the secretarial department atScudder School in New York City,speaks of "the thrills of having our ownvegetable garden when we turned'commuters.' Husband's studio is in astone house 150 years old on the bankof a picturesque old canal."With the Tulsa, Oklahoma, Board ofEducation, Maude M. Firth's (AM)title is director of education for homeand family life. For the benefit of high school seniorsand college freshmen bewildered by themass of academic riches they face,Ronald Levinson, PhD, and 32 specialized authors have written The College Journey which attempts, by givingfirst a historical treatment of the naturalsciences, social sciences and humanitiesand then showing them in their contemporary setting, "to reduce the apparently trackless jungle of strange andunrelated 'ologies' to the actual orderof the academic grove crossed and re-crossed by interconnecting paths."Alfred P. James, PhD, professor ofhistory at the University of Pittsburgh,has written many articles during recentyears. Among them are: "Federal Aidfor Public Schools" (School and Society, 1934), "The Significance of Western Pennsylvania in American History"(Western P ennsyhtania Historical Magazine, 1933), and ten articles in theDictionary of American Biography.Jennie Lee Joy of Omaha, Nebraska,lives at 2016 Manderson Street andteaches at the Castelar School."Gardening is my hobby," writes Mrs.Margaret Kuhns Smith, 537 NorthIrving Boulevard, Los Angeles, California, "and I have been active in theNew Hollywood Garden Club in a smallway."A new teacher at Fort Hays KansasState College is Cecelia Wine, AM,PrrD'34.1925Ida Mae Anderson teaches at HedgesSchool in Chicago.Robert S. Campbell, SM'29, PhD'32, engaged in range research for theU. S. Forest Service, was moved backto Washington, D. C., from Berkeley,California, in August He and Mrs.Campbell (Imogene Foltz, SM'32)adopted twin girls, Sheila and Sandra,born May 23, 1938.Herbert A. Bell was transferredfrom the Chicago plant of Revere Copper and Brass Company to Baltimorein November, 1937.Louisa L. Clark, AM'26, free lanceartist and writer, may be found at theStudio Club, 210 East 77th Street, NewYork City.Mary Lee Colyer, AM, is teachingsocial studies at the Ensey High Schoolin Birmingham, Alabama.Lyle W. Cooper, PhD, is workingfor the National Labor Relations Boardin Washington, D. C. His title is industrial economist.Brooks D. Drain's work consistslargely of plant breeding — pyrethrum,red raspberry, strawberry, pear, beanand tomato breeding and improvement.He heads the department of horticultureat the University of Tennessee.Merrick M. Evans, JD, is an attorney in the Land Department of theContinental Oil Company, Ponca City,Oklahoma.Glen B. Gross is employed as a factory representative in the metropolitansection, New York City, by Westcloxof LaSalle, Illinois.Josef L. Hektoen, attorney, was re-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 33cently elected vice president of the CityClub of Chicago.Clarence A. Johnson, SM'27, is anassociate in physiological chemistry atthe University of Illinois College ofMedicine.James H. Johnston, AM, PhD, is amember of the faculty, Virginia StateCollege at Petersburg.Clergyman Robert A. Lundy writesfrom Alturas, California, that he recently called on J. Philip Schwaben-land, a former student of the DivinitySchool, who is assistant pastor of theFirst Baptist Church of Reno, Nevada.A postcard inquiry card sent to Kenneth H. Jones informs us that he isan attorney, lives at 2119 Park Place,Fort Worth, Texas, and has his officeat 2111 Fort Worth National BankBuilding.Loren C. MacKinney, PhD, professor of medieval history, University ofNorth Carolina, appears to be makingthe history of medieval medicine hisspecial field. His recent publications include Early Medieval Medicine. In1936-37 he delivered the Hideyo No-guchi Lectures at the Johns Hopkins Institute of the History of Medicine, andhe has been invited to read a paper atthe International Congress of the Historical Sciences at Zurich, Switzerland,this year. He spent the year 1936 inEurope.Watt Stewart, PhD'28, professor ofhistory at A. & M. College, Stillwater,Okahoma, spent his sabbatical year1936-37 doing research in South America, chiefly in Lima, Santiago, and Buenos Aires. His avocations are archeology and Indian crafts.Research associate in the EducationalRecords Bureau, Chicago, Arthur E.Traxler, AM, PhD'32, taught this summer in Teachers College, Columbia University.1926Marjorie Anderson, PhD, has beenat Hunter College for the past elevenyears, five years as instructor and six asassistant professor of English. WithDr. Blanche Colton Williams, she published in 1935 An Old English Handbook (Houghton Mifflin). She is president of Nu Chapter of Phi Beta Kappaof the State of New York (Hunter College). Music, the theater and travelform her recreational interests.Mary Elizabeth Arnold, AM, isnow Mrs. Emanuel Von der Muhl andlives at 57 Glen Street, Chambersburg,Pennsylvania.Alice M. Baldwin, PhD, is dean ofthe Woman's College and associate professor of history at Duke University.Elective offices she has held include thepresidency of Duke Chapter of Phi BetaKappa, directorship of the SouthernWomen's Educational Alliance (nowAlliance for Guidance of Rural Youth),and presidency of the North Carolinabranch of the National VocationalGuidance Association. She has published several pamphlets and articles.Hobbies — dogs, gardening, music, walking in the country and mountains. Leslie P. Fisher (LL.B. Harvard'34) is an attorney in Iron River, Michigan.Professor William C. Graham,PhD, of Chicago resigned as professorof Old Testament Language and Literature at the close of the summer quarter. Dr. Graham accepted an appointment as head of the United Colleges atWinnipeg, Canada, and assumed the office of Principal there in September.Isabelle Williams Holt is supervisor of art in the Waynesboro (Virginia) Public Schools.Frank Livingstone Huntley, AM,has been appointed chairman of theEnglish department at Stout Institute,Menomonie, Wis.Illness has necessitated WinifredJohnson's absence on leave from Southeast Missouri State Teachers College inCape Girardeau for part of the time during the past several years.Robert E. Landon, PhD'29, is aconsulting geologist, mainly mining, inColorado Springs, Colorado.Georgia Robison, AM'28, is now aninstructor in history at Brooklyn College, New York. Last year she lectured in history at Barnard College andtook her PhD at Columbia in June.The Columbia University Press published her dissertation Revelliere lepe-aux, Citizen Director 1753-1824.Douglas E. Scates, PhD, is directorof the Bureau of School Research, Public Schools, Cincinnati, Ohio.Mayme V. Smith continues her workat Central State Teachers College, Mt.Pleasant, Michigan, as assistant professor in speech and reading.Vera C. Stellwagen, secretary,gives her business address as 2170 EastJefferson Avenue, Detroit, Michigan.Joseph S. Werlin, AM, PhD'31, reports several addresses, two trips toMexico, and the birth of a daughter lastJanuary. He is a member of the facultyat the University of Texas.When geinus burns, Mabel MayWhitney, AM'28, sits down and writesa song. She has already published several. In the summer during her vacation from teaching English in ParkerHigh School, Chicago, she tries to keepup her piano practice. Ordinarily, however, she says: "I'm just a good oldhomespun housekeeper with house andflowers to keep me going." Her homeis 105 East 154th Street, Harvey, Illinois.Winifred Williams Wise, teacherof French in Sunset Hill School ofKansas City, Missouri, spent the summer traveling in the small villages ofSouthern France.1927Hermina Biba is an art instructorat Garfield High School, Seattle, Washington.Herbert W. Conner, PhD'33, ischief chemist for Wrigley Company,Chicago.Ivan Gerould Grimshaw, AM, minister of education at Fairmount Presby- CEMENT CONTRACTORSn. Dunueaun r. usitKUAARDPhone Avenue 4028 Phone Albany 6511"O.K." Construction & Mfg. Go.LICENSEDCement ContractorsGarbage ContainersCement Garden FurniturePHONE 4328 BELMONT AVENUEAVENUE 4028 CHICAGO. ILL.T. A. REHNQUIST CO.CEMENT SIDEWALKSCONCRETE FLOORSTelephoneBEVERLY 0890FOR AN ESTIMATE ANYWHERECHEMICAL ENGINEERSAlbert K. Epstein, *I2B. R. Harris, *2IEpstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTel. Cent. 4285-6COALEASTMAN COAL CO.Established 19027 YARDSALL OVER TOWNMAIN OFFICE252 West 69th StreetTelephone Wentworth 3215Wasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phones: Wentworth 8620-1-2-3-4Wasson's Coal Makes Good — or —Wasson Does COFFEE -TEALa Touraine Coffee Co.IMPORTERS AND ROASTERS OFLA TOURAINECOFFEE AND TEA209-13 MILWAUKEE AVE., CHICAGOat Lake and Canal Sts.Phone State 1350Boston — New York— Philadelphia— SyracuseELECTRICAL CONTRACTORSWM. FECHT ELECTRIC CO.CONTRACTORS - ENGINEERSLIGHT & POWER WIRING^00 n. . TelephoneW, Jackson Blvd. Seeley 2788THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMEADE ELECTRICCOMPANY, INC.ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORSWIRING FOR LIGHT & POWER3252Franklin Blvd. TelephoneKedzie 5070ELECTRIC SIGNSFEDERAL NEONSIGNS•FEDERAL ELECTRIC COMPANYCLAUDE NEON FEDERAL CO.8700 South State Street•W D. Krupke, '19Vice-presidentELECTROLYSISHAIR REMOVED FOREVERBEFORE AFTER18 Years' ExperienceFREE CONSULTATIONLOTTIE A. METCALFEGraduate NurseALSOELECTROLYSIS EXPERTMultiple 20 platinum needles can be used.Permanent removal of Hair from Face,Eyebrows, Back of Neck or any partof Body; destroys 200 to 600 Hair Rootsper hour.Removal of Facial Veins, Moles andWarts.Member American Assn. Medical Hydrology andPhysical Therapy$1.75 per Treatment for HairTelephone FRA 4885Suite 1705, Stevens Bldg.1 7 No. State St.Perfect Loveliness Is Wealth in BeautyFENCESANCHOR POST FENCE CO.Ornamental Iron — Chain Link —Rustic WoodFences for Campus, Tennis Court,Estate, Suburban Home or Industrial Plant.Free Advisory Service and EstimatesFurnished333 N. Michigan Ave.Telephone ST Ate 5812FLOWERS.4^.-^^- mM/** ^ CHICAGO§&p Established 186SfcTj^ FLOWERSPhones : Plaza 6444, 64451364 East 53 rd Street terian Church, Cleveland Heights, Ohio,recently appeared on the public welfareprogram of the city of Cleveland, speaking over Station WCLE on "The Importance of Religion in the Life of theChild."Helen Palmer King (Mrs. JosephF.), minister's wife, 1100 Ohio Street,Lawrence, Kansas, has a young daughter, Carol Jane, who will be a yearold on December 22. Clinical psychology is Mrs. King's special interest.Kenneth B. Umbriet's book entitledOur Eleven Chief Justices — A Historyof the Supreme Court in Terms ofTheir Personalities was published inOctober by Harpers.1928While in Scandinavia this summer,Polly Ames formed a happy friendshipwith Mrs. Harriman, U. S. Minister toNorway.Marie E. Armengaud is teachingFrench in Albuquerque, New Mexico,at the Sandia School.Mrs. Mary B. Egbert, GS, residesat 424 North Elmwood Avenue, Traverse City, Michigan.Clarence Glick, AM, PhD'38, hasbeen appointed an instructor in politicalscience and sociology at Brown University.Andrew J. Johnson, public accountant, is associated with Lybrand, RossBros, and Montgomery of New York.Milton Kepecs, LLB, is practicinglaw in New York City at 19 West 44thStreet.Helene Lindquist, on leave of absence from Von Steuben High School,Chicago, left New York on September10 on a freighter for a trip around theworld via the Panama Canal, with plansto visit Los Angeles, Yokohama, Manila, Penang, Port Said, Rotterdam andParis.Mary Stanton was recently electedto the Board of Directors of the National Conference of Social Work. Sheis doing social work in Los Angeles.1929Chester S. Alexander, AM'33, was" appointed professor and head of the department of sociology and economics atWestminster College, Fulton, Missouri,this fall.Theodore McCoy Burkholder, MD'35, who was recently appointed a physician and surgeon in the U. S. HealthDepartment, connected with the MarineService, returned to Detroit in Augustafter about four months' detail with aU. S. Coast Guard cutter along thecoast of Alaska.Charles G. Chakerian, AM, Connecticut College, New London, Connecticut, has been acting as chairman ofthe Juvenile Delinquency Commission,and along with his work in this field haspublished Social Welfare Laws of Connecticut (Hartford, 1938).Alvin M. Davis is social science analyst for the Social Security Board,Washington, D. C, and lives in Arlington, Virginia.Louis E. Evans, AM, is associateprofessor of sociology and director of the Bureau of Social Welfare at Indiana University.Iris Irene Goodman teaches at theKenwood School in Chicago.For the past seven years, Leon R.Gross, JD'30, has been practicing lawin association with Samuel A. and Leonard B. Ettelson. Their offices are located at 120 South LaSalle Street, Chicago. Leon's hobbies, which are manyand diversified, include tennis, horseback riding, theater, books, and youthmovement.In addition to his teaching work ashead of the biology department at Cumberland University, Paul L. Hollister,SM, is writing his dissertation for hisPhD degree at Peabody College wherehe had a teaching fellowship for threeyears while rounding out his doctor'srequirements.Louise Antoinette Joslyn (Mrs.Francis McCall) gives her occupationas housewife and her address as 527South Main Street, Sycamore, Illinois.Elma E. Klinedorf of Gary, isjunior counselor for the Indiana StateEmployment Service.Wilbur White, PhD'35, and Mrs.White (Edwarda Williams, AM'35),spent the summer studying at the Haguein the Netherlands and visiting atPrague. Dr. White is in the politicalscience department at Western ReserveUniversity and Mrs. White is teaching English at Hathaway-BrownSchool, Cleveland, Ohio.1930John D. Aikenhead, AM, is inspector of public schools in the Lac Ste.Anne School Division of the Provinceof Alberta, Canada.Mary S. Allen of the Universityof Chicago Elementary School had anarticle on "Foundations in Arithmetic"in the 1937 Bulletin of the Associationfor Childhood Education, Washington,D. C.Henning J. Anderson, AM'30, principal of the Graveraet High School,Marquette, Michigan, is writing for theSchool Review.William Robert Benner is president of the Streator Canning Companyof Streator, Illinois.United States Probation Officer of theDepartment of Justice assigned to theNorthern District of Illinois for thepast two years, Victor H. Evjen, AM,was called to Washington, D. C, inMay, 1938, to edit a manual of information and procedures for the U. S. Probation System and also acting editor ofFederal, Probation Quarterly. During1937-38 he published a series of eightarticles in Character Magazine dealingwith the prevention and treatment ofdelinquency.Ruth F. Foster (Mrs. Harry L.),housewife, 4417 North Murray Avenue, Chicago, does occasional substituteteaching and is chairman of the department of education of the CollegeWomen's* Club. In odd moments sheis either in the garden or busy withher knitting.Harold Franklin is editor for theTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 35^Tew York Research Institute of Industry and Economics.H. Lee Jacobs, AM, pastor of theFirst Congregational Church at FortDodge, Iowa, since September 1, wasrecently elected moderator of Congregational Churches in Webster City Association in Iowa. He has found time to'establish community recreation projectsand direct state camps for adults andyouths at Clear Lake, Iowa, necessitating a staff of thirty members.Since September Janet L. McDonald, AM, has been teaching history atWesleyan College, Macon, Georgia. Shehas the rank of instructor.Saul K. Padover, AM, PhD'32, isdoing important work as a writer. Heheld a Guggenheim fellowship for writing abroad in 1936-37, and in 1935 wasgiven the silver medal for literature bythe Commonwealth Club of San Francisco. Aside from articles in ForeignA if airs, American Mercury, SlavonicReview and other journals, he has published these books: The RevolutionaryEmperor: Joseph II (1934), which wastranslated into French in 1935, and Secret Diplomacy : A Study in Espionageand Double -Dealing, 1500-1815 (in collaboration with Professor J. W. Thompson, 1936). This also was translatedinto French, 1938. His Biography ofLouis XVI will appear this year. Hisaddress is 2900 Tyler Ave., Detroit,Mich.A recent addition to the staff at Temple University is Henry Joseph Rehn,PhD, formerly associated with the Walton School of Commerce.1931Charles D. Borst, insurance broker,is located at One North LaSalle Street,Chicago.Francis L. Bouquet was awardedthe S.T.D. degree at Temple Universityin June. He continues as professor ofchurch history in the Presbyterian Seminary at Omaha.After graduating from Chicago,Charles Burke went to the College ofDentistry at New York University andrecently opened an office at 416 Rockaway Parkway, Brooklyn, New York.Giles W. Garrett manages the Postal Telegraph Company branch in Madison, Wisconsin.Alden H. Howe is connected withthe Bank of America in Culver City,California.After spending the summer in England and France, Marjorie Marcy Irvine, SM'32, comments: "In spite ofloving travel very much I was gladto get out of Paris. Passages werebooked months in advance and theQueen Mary sailing September 14 waspacked to an uncomfortable degree."Mrs. Irvine teaches at the Louise S.McGehee School in New Orleans.Richard O. Lang, AM'32, PhD'36,who recently returned from 15 monthsm Europe, 12 of which were spent asa fellow of the Social Science ResearchCouncil studying methods in government statistical work, has a new position as statistician in family researchin the Division of Population, Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, Washington, D. C.A recent address obtained by theAlumni Office for Roberta Miller La-rew is 269 North Lewis Street, Staunton, Virginia.1931Thomas I. Porter, SM'31, is now instructing math and physics at Quincy(Illinois) College.Mrs. Louise Child Spence (Mrs.Willard M.), is now general secretaryof the University of Washington Y.W.C.A., and also lecturer in social workin the graduate school of social workthere.S. R. Tompkins, PhD, of the University of Oklahoma staff traveled inGermany and the Soviet Union in thesummer of 1937.1932Mrs. I. Lynn Adams' (Annette W.Carroll, AM) present address is 47-10Laurel Hill Boulevard, Woodside,Long Island, New York.Stuarta K. Barat lives in Madison,Wisconsin, at 425 Hawthorne Court.Her married name is Mrs. FrancisFlynn.Bertha J. Biltz, SM, is a dietitianat the Presbyterian Hospital in NewYork City.Gordon A. Chissom is working forthe Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company, 111 West Washington Street,Suite 1017, Chicago.In September Oliver C. Cox, AM,took up his position as professor ofeconomics and sociology at Wiley College, Marshall, Texas.Corinne Fitzpatrick, 5843 Blackstone Avenue, Chicago, is now doingspecial teaching both in subject matterand types of children taught. Active inorganizing social activities at International House, she is interested in international politics, developing her knowledge of music and writing short storiesand poems for fun.Mary Frances Gates, SM, has enrolled in the department of educationin the graduate school at the Universityof Wisconsin and also holds a posit'onas an instructor in biology and generalscience at the Orthopedic Hospital inMadison. She teaches every afternoonand attends school morning.E. Wilson Lyon, PhD, professor ofhistory and chairman of the departmentat Colgate University, spent the summerof 1937 in -France on a Social ScienceResearch grant-in-aid for the preparation of a biography of Francois Barbe-Marbois. His book, Louisiana inFrench Diplomacy, was published in1934 (University of Oklahoma Press),and among his published articles are :"Moustier's Memoir on Louisiana"(Mississippi Va.ley Historical Review,1935), "Barbe-Marbois and His His-toire de la Louisiane" (Franco- American Reviezv, 1937), and "The Directorvand the United States" (American Historical Review, 1938) He has also beenmaking frequent addresses. He reportsthe birth of a daughter in 1936. Hiswife was Carolyn B artel, AM '30. 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LAKE ST., CHICAGO.36 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMATTRESSESSOHN & COMPANY, Inc.Manufacturers ofMATTRESSES &STUDIO COUCHESTelephoneHaymarlcet 35231452W. Roosevelt Rd.OFFICE FURNITURE5TEELCA5EjBtxsinGss Equipment \FILING CABINETSDESKS — LOCKERSCUPBOARDS — SHELVINGMetal Office Furniture Co.Grand Rapids, MichiganPAINTERSGEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3 1 86E. STEWART FEIGHINC.PAINTING — DECORATING5559Cottage Grove Ave. TelephoneMidway 4404RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. TelephoneMonroe 3192PHOTOGRAPHERMOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF QUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago . . State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C. ALUMNIPLASTERINGHOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTY534! S. Lake Park Ave.Telephone Dorchester 1579 Yoshirari Nagano is with the information and publicity department ofthe South Manchurian Railway Company in Dairen, Manchoukuo.Naomi Riches, PhD, director of admissions and associate professor of history at Goucher College, spends sixmonths of every year in travel for thecollege. Her book The AgriculturalRevolution in Norfolk was publishedlast year by the University of NorthCarolina Press.Bryan Stoffer, PhD, formerly president of American College, Maguire, India, is continuing his administrative duties as president of Doane College,Crete, Nebraska.Photography is Ammon B. Turner's(AM) chief hobby and he has recentlypurchased a new Korelle Reflex camerawith which he is experimenting, afterhis day's work is finished as assistantpostmaster and manager of the TurnerBros. Drug Store at Long Point, Illinois.A recent visitor in the Alumni Office was Gilbert S. White, SM'34,who is connected with the National Resources Board in Washington, D. C,and is president of the WashingtonAlumni Club this year.1933Betty Rose Bachrach, AM, haschanged her name to Mrs. Robert McCormick Adams and her address to5463 Delmar Avenue,- St. Louis, Missouri.Susan Faherty is secretary of theCatholic Welfare Board, Phoenix, Arizona.A new placement for Gertruude B.Fennema is kindergarten teacher at theOgden and Oak Schools in LaGrange,Illinois.Walter C. Fenton, Jr., has a jobwith the Ford Motor Company at Dearborn, Michigan.James F. Regan, PhD, MD'34, is afellow in surgery at Mayo Cinic.J. Kenneth Smith is traffic manager for Spiegel Company, Chicago.Erik Wahlgren received his PhDat the August Convocation and has goneto Los Angeles to develop the field ofScandinavian languages at the University of California. Last spring he received the annual Chicago FolklorePrize for his edition of Sweden-LatinBiblical riddles.1934Since 1935 Frances E. Baker, PhD,has been an instructor in mathematicsat Mount Holyoke College.From St. Andrews, Fife, Scotland,comes word that Alexander M.Honeyman, PhD, represented the University of St. Andrews at the International Congress of Orientalists at Brussels in September, 1938. Mr. Honeymanwas this year elected to membership inthe Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland.Phoebe H. Imagjo, formerly a secretary in the League of Nations at Geneva, is now with the South Manchurian Railway in Tokyo. Because of herfamiliarity with Manchoukuo, she trav elled with the 29 American and Canadian high school teachers during theirsummer tour of Japan, Korea, and Manchoukuo as guests of the JapaneseBoard of Tourist Industry.H. K. Karl, PhD, is a professor atChosen Christian College, Seoul, Korea.Reiichi Sakakibara is on the staffof the Manchuria Daily News, the leading newspaper in English in Manchoukuo.William Charles Korfmacher,PhD, is assistant professor of classicallanguages and secretary of the department at St. Louis University. Fond ofswimming and canoeing, he has heldmany offices in Missouri Council No.858 of the Knights of Columbus, inSaint Louis University Clubs, and inprofessional organizations in the classical field, and goes in for swimming andcanoeing.Ruby M. Schuyler, AM'37, has accepted a position in the Glencoe (111.)Public Schools. Formerly she was headof the Lower School at Milwaukee-Downer Seminary.Elizabeth Cole Slotkin, AM, is aresearch assistant in the Departmentof Political Science at the U. of C.Malcolm F. Smiley, SM'35, PhD'??'.formerly of the Institute for AdvancedStudy at Princeton University, has beenappointed an instructor in mathematicsat Lehigh University during the leaveof absence of Professor D. H. Lehmer.Assistant professor of history at Colgate, Charles R. Wilson, PhD, wasmarried in 1934 and reports the birth ofa son last year. The Mississippi ValleyHistorical Review for 1938 carried anarticle of his entitled "Cincinnati aSouthern Outpost in 1960-61 ?"1935Previously at the Rhode Island StateCollege at Kingston, Marian A.Bailey, SM, can now be found at theUniversity of New Hampshire in Durham. Her title is instructor in foodsand nutrition.Frederick H. Bair, II, '35, sociologistwith the U. S. Department of Agriculture, is located at Gallup, New Mexico,in the Soil Conservation Service.H. B. Bentsen is associate businessmanager of George Williams College,Chicago, and George Williams CollegeCamp, Williams Bay, Wis.Rudolph F. Bertram, AM'36, is assistant personnel relations officer withthe Tennessee Valley Authority.Evelyn Brown's name is now Mrs.Donald M. Hill. Address her at 7727Sheridan Road, Chicago.Edwin J. Coote is a salesman for theLiberty Mutual Insurance Company-Newark, New Jersey.In January, i938, Vincent A. Laco-vara opened his office at 210 EastSeventh Street, Brooklyn, New York,for the practice of internal medicine.He has been appointed visiting physicianat Kings County Hospital in the tuberculosis division.In June Henry Lytton was appointed statistician of the General TungOil Corporation, of New York andGainesville, Florida. He has been do-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 37ina- research on economic factors andproduction cost estimates and promotional work for Carter Carnegie, president of the firm. Lytton was formerlyassistant to the economist of International Statistical Bureau and the Fair-child Publications (Daily News Record,Men's Wear, Chicago Apparel Gazette)and prior to that, was in a junior executive position with the Hub, HenryC Lytton and Sons.This fall Merrill M. May, AM'36,moved to Lincoln, where he is teachingat the University of Nebraska.Lawrence E. Skinner, MD, writesthat he is at present acquiring experience and getting on his feet financiallyat the Bridge Clinic, a large industrialclinic in Tacoma, Washington. JamesEdward Skinner, who appeared on thescene July 17, 1937, now has 8 teeth,can tear all over the house in hisscooter, and is just beginning to walk.Lawrence's hobby is collecting Chinesestamps, of which he has about 700 different varieties, but raising babies,chickens, and rabbits, mowing the lawnand in general keeping up the houseare his avocational activities.1936E. E. Bratcher, PhD, director ofteacher training and placement at Mississippi College, was this summer visiting professor at North Texas StateTeachers College at Denton and has recently been appointed on the nationalcommittee on housing of Phi DeltaKappa. His doctor's thesis, "Comparison of Resident and Non-ResidentTeachers in Village and Small CitySchool Systems in Kentucky," was published as a March (1938) Bulletin ofthe Kentucky State Department of Education.Mary M. Buckles, AM, is a diet-etian in St. Joseph Hospital, KansasCity, Mo.Understanding^ Youth ( Abingdon )and From Friendship to Marriage(Harpers) are the titles of the twobooks recently written by Roy A. Burkhart, PhD, who is now holding a pastorate in Columbus, Ohio, where he resides at 1320 Cambridge Boulevard.Recently announced by Flora StoneMather College of Western ReserveUniversity was the appointment ofElizabeth V. Clapp, SM, as directorof the May Squire Home ManagementHouse of the Squire Valleevue Farm.Since 1936 Miss Clapp has been incharge of the household economics department of Kansas State College atManhattan and previously had doneeconomical and social research in NewYork and had made a study of ruralliving standards for the AgriculturalStation at Storrs, Connecticut.The first of July Donald Evans tookup the pastorate of the First Congregational Church, Portland, Michigan — hisfirst permanent, full time pastorate. Hehas completed the resident requirementsfor a B.D. at the Chicago TheologicalSeminary and expects to finish histhesis out of residence.This fall Gertrude Evans is teachingin Beloit (Wisconsin) College. Pre viously she was at Mount Holyoke.Margaret a Faissler, PhD, hasbeen appointed to the faculty at Wellesley this year.Bert Lindsey, AM, is director ofeducation at the U. S. Federal Penitentiary at Atlanta, Ga.James D. Logsdon, AM, is principalof Wydown School of Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.The Princeton Alumni Weekly forJune 3, 1938, carried a picture showingCoach John McDiarmid, PhD, withthe six members of his undefeated tennis team. McDiarmid is an instructorin political science at Princeton.Dorothy Livingston Ulrich hasjust returned on the Bremen from afour months' trip to the British Islesand the Continent. Just before leaving she had a poem in the New YorkSun entitled "Propaganda AgainstClocks" and on June 14 her poem"Vagabond" appeared in the New YorkTimes. Her article "Aristophanes onBroadway," was published in the PhiDelta Gamma Journal for May, 1938.1937David Amato, ex, has been connected with the Department of Justicein Washington, D. C., for the past fouryears as an auditor, while continuinghis studies independently in absentia.His avocational work is writing onvarious sociological subjects and inJune, 1938, the Sheriffs' AssociationMagazine, published his article on"Crime Preventor No. 1."Stephen S. Barat's brokerage offices are at 141 West Jackson Boulevard, Room 1183, Chicago.Milton Bernard writes from 12York Street, Dorchester, Massachusetts.John T. Bobbitt, 241 East 39thStreet, New York, is editor of Photo-History.Carvel E. Collins' (AM) new jobis at Colorado State College, Fort Collins, as instructor in English.Verne E. Crackel is superintendentof Crete (111.) Public Schools. Helikes sports of all kinds.Formerly connected with the American Association for Adult Education,Watson Dickerman, AM, is now atthe University of Minnesota.William Director, formerly employed as a junior personnel clerk inthe service of the Chicago Park District, was certified as a senior personnelclerk on August 5, 1938, and beganwork in that position on August 8.Now at Berea College, CharityRuth Hillis is teaching social studies.Charles Kraft, PhD, after a summer vacation in Colorado and a flyingtrip to the Pacific Coast, is back at Mc-Kendree College, Lebanon, Illinois, foranother year's work.Clarence H. Mahaffay of PalosPark, who is principal of Forest RidgeSchool in Tinley Park, Illinois, is president of the Southwest Schools' AthleticAssociation.Along with her teaching in the highschool at Plainfield, Illinois, HelenShiffman also directs all dramatic pro- SM1THSONPLASTERING COMPANYLathing and PlasteringContractors53 W. TelephoneJackson Blvd. Wabash 8428PRESCRIPTIONSEDWARD MERZ L. BRECKWOLDTSARGENTS DRUG STOREDevoted to serving the Medical Profession and Filling PrescriptionsOver 85 Years23 N. WABASH AVE.TelephonesFor General Use Dearborn 4022-4023Incoming Only Central 0755-0759PRINTERSCLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3935"Good Printing of All Descriptions"PUBLISHERSBOOK MANUSCRIPTSWanted — All subjects, for immediate publication. Booklet sent free.Meador Publishing Co.324 Newbury St., Boston, Mass.REAL ESTATEBROKERAGE MORTGAGESTHEBILLS CORPORATIONBenjamin F. Bills, '12, ChairmanEVERYTHING IN REAL ESTATE134 S. La Salle St State 0266MANAGEMENT INSURANCEREFRIGERATIONPhones Lincoln 0002-3 Established 1888D. A. MATOTManufacturer ofREFRIGERATORSDUMB WAITERS1538-46 MONTANA STREETRESTAURANTSMISS LINDQUISrS CAFE5540 Hyde Park Blvd.GOOD FOOD— MODERATE PRICESA place to meet in large and small groups.Private card rooms.Telephone Midway 7809in the Broadview Hotel38 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINERESTAURANTS (Cont-)The Best Place to Eat on the South SideCOLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 WoodJawn Ave.Phone Hyde Park 6324ROOFERSRUGSAshjian Bros., inc.ESTABLISHED 1921Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED2313 E. 71st St. Phone Dor. 0009SHEET METAL WORKSECONOMY SHEET METAL WORKS•Galvanized Iron and Copper CornicesSkylights, Gutters, Down SpoutsTile, Slate and Asbestos Roofing•1927 MELROSE STREETBuckingham 1893STOCKS— BONDS— COMMODITIESP. H. Davis, 'II. H. I. Markham, 'Ex. '06R. W. Davis, '16 W. M. Giblin, "23F. B. Evans, M IPaul H. Davis & Co.MembersNew York Stock ExchangeChicago Stock ExchangeChicago Board of Trade10 So. La Salle St. Franklin 8622TEACHERS' AGENCIESAMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. Jackson BoulevardChicagoA Bureau of Placement which limits itswork to the university and college field.It is affiliated with the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers. ductions. Horseback riding is herfavorite sport.Trevor D. Weiss, MBA'38, is secretary-treasurer of the Palmer DressShops (Retail Ladies Apparel) of Chicago. In addition to his well knowninterest in tennis, he likes fishing, bridgeand good literature.1938Betty Barden has a scholarship atthe New York School of Social Work,and is living at Greenwich House, 27Barrow Street, New York City.Landrum R. Bollings, AM, is oneof the newly appointed instructors inpolitical science and sociology at Brown.Elizabeth Brownlee is back oncampus to work for her master's.Chuck Hoy is employed by JohnNuveen and Company, investmentbonds, Chicago.Ellis B. Kohs, AM, has beenawarded a fellowship at the JuilliardSchool of Music, New York City, wherehe is doing graduate study in composition with Bernard Wagenaar, conducting with Edgar Schenckman.Bud Larson is working for VickChemical Company of New York City.James L. Wood lists his occupationas junior accountant and his businessaddress as 1 Wall Street, Brooklyn,New York.RUSH1877Leslie C. Lane, 3101-2 Avenue S.,Minneapolis, Minnesota, has retired andnow devotes his time to looking afterhis city and farm properties.1882Woodcarving is F. G. Stueber'shobby and when in cities he alwaysvisits art museums and gathers suchwoodcarvings as he can. He has specialized in ophthalmology and otologyand has been a member of the board oftrustees of the Memorial Hospital ofLima, Ohio, for twenty years. Formerly he was president of Allen CountyAcademy of Medicine and of the localeye and ear club.1888A recent communication from H. J.Defrees, physician and surgeon, informs us that he is now mayor of Nap-panee, Illinois. He has been the localhealth officer for twenty-five years.When in need of diversion he worksin the garden or gets out his rod andreel and goes fishing.1891Bryan M. Caples is medical director of Waukesha Springs Sanitariumin Waukesha, Wisconsin.1894D. S. Hayes, 79 Magnolia Avenue,San Anselmo, California. Occupation :"Democrat !" Avocations and hobbies :"Telling other people of their faults."Elective offices held? "Supreme Commander of the household. Three children, nine grandchildren and in-lawsall on the best of terms and living inthe most favored section of California,marvelous Marin County. Are welucky?" 1897William H. Maley writes fromGalesburg, Illinois, where he enthusiastically carries on his work. He hasbeen city alderman in Galesburg fortwenty-five years.1900The president of the Central KansasMedical Society is G. F. Zerzan ofHolyrood, Kansas, who has been healthofficer in Ellsworth County for tenyears and is a former president of theKansas State Public Health Association.1901John C. Petrovitsky, Cedar Rapidsphysician, spent the summer at his cabinhome in northern Minnesota on WomonLake, puttering around flowers, fishing,etc. He is also vice president of theFirst Trust and Savings Bank in CedarRapids.1905Oliver Anderson Jeffreys practicedin Honolulu for 21 years, retired inMay, 1937, and now lives at 821 SouthHolt Avenue, Los Angeles, California.Stephen C. Mason, physician andsurgeon in Menominee, Michigan, maybe found in his leisure playing golf orscouting. He is president of the Nico-let Area Council of Boy Scouts ofAmerica and is also president of thelocal board of education.1909Trap shooting is Edgar L. White'ssport and for ten years he has beeneither president or vice president ofthe Lewiston Gun Club. He is presidentand general manager of the White Hospital of Lewiston, Idaho.1913Internal medicine is the specialty ofFred M. Drennan, '10, SM'12, OakPark physician and professor at LoyolaUniversity. He likes gardening andworking with boy scouts.1914The latest addition to the Robert O.Brown family of Santa Fe is DorcasPhyllis who arrived January 22, 1938.Dr. Brown is president of the staff ofSt. Vincent's Hospital of Santa Fe thisyear, is visiting physician at Los Alamos Ranch School in Otowi, at theBrownmon School (Girls' Preparatory)in Santa Fe, and physician at the NewMexico State penitentiary. His special interests are anthropology andarchaeology.1918The Chicago Pediatric Society haselected Joseph K. Calvin, '16, president for 1938-39. Last year he held thechairmanship of the Section of Pediatrics of the Illinois State Medical Society. A specialist in children diseases,he also teaches at the University ofIllinois Medical School as assistant professor of pediatrics, was on the staffof Cook County Hospital from 1926-38and has been a member of the staffof Michael Reese Hospital since 1926.For pure enjoyment he votes for frolicking with his children.Clark J. Laus of Syracuse, NewTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 39York, combines a practice in internalmedicine with part time teaching at theMedical College of Syracuse University.In his spare time you will find himwith fishing rod or golf club in hand.His two daughters are eleven and six.1920Bruce H. Douglas, controller of tuberculosis in the Detroit Department ofHealth since 1933, recently completeda survey of the anti-tuberculosis program in the Territory of Hawaii underthe auspices of the Honolulu Chamberof Commerce Public Health Committee.In the islands from June 29 to August5 he reports seeing several Rush men,Robert B. Faus, MD'21 ; RichardT. Treadwell, MD'22, and Joseph E.Jensen, '23, MD'26, "all of whom aredoing outstanding work, Faus as cityand county physician of Honolulu,Treadwell and Jensen in plantationmedical work on the island of Hawaii."Physician and surgeon in Princeton,Illinois, Karl M. Nelson, '17, has threesons all in the Princeton High Schoolthis year. His avocational activities include participation in civic and clubwork — he is president of the RotaryClub and also of the Bureau ValleyCivic League this year — as well as remodeling old buildings, fishing, traveling and gardening.Until 1937 senior staff physician atElgin State Hospital, Mary G. Schroeder is now in private practice in Wil-mette and a consultant in psychotherapyfor the Elgin State Hospital. For hobbies she selects gardening and foreignrelations.1922Dorothy Grey, '14, writes from Belfast, New York, where she engagesin a general rural practice and is active in public school work there, being president of the Board of Educationof Belfast Central School and a member of the Board of Trustees of Belfast Public Library.1929Paul E. McMaster has been appointed assistant professor of orthopedicsurgery at the University of SouthernCalifornia.1930After finishing on the west side in1929, Earl C. Henrikson interned atSt. Luke's in Chicago until July, 1930,held a teaching fellowship in surgeryat the University of Minnesota forthree and a half years, took an SM insurgery, at Minnesota in 1933 and hasbeen in private practice in Minneapolissince then.1933Harry B. Miller lives in Hartford,Connecticut, but has his medical officesat 81 West Main Street, New Britain,Connecticut. His son, Richard Bruce,was two years old on June 13.1934John L. Lindquist, '29, SM'31, 3104Logan Boulevard, Chicago surgeon, isassistant surgeon at St. Luke's Hospital and instructor in surgery at Northwestern University Medical School. 1937An announcement arrived the otherday disclosing the fact that Joseph S.Angell (who has officially changed hisname from Angelkas) has opened anoffice at 5100 Fullerton Avenue, Chicago, for the general practice of medicine and surgery.SOCIAL SERVICEGrace Abbott, professor of PublicWelfare Administration, has been appointed a member of the first committeeorganized under the new Federal Wagesand Hours Act. Miss Abbott has recently been in Washington attending thefirst meeting of the committee whichwill deal with the textile industry.Professor Wayne McMillen returned to the University at the beginning of the autumn quarter after a sixmonths' vacation.Edith Abbott recently spoke at theannual dinner of the Nebraska StateConference of Social Work of whichClinton Belknap, AM'37, has beenpresident for the last two years. TheConference conferred its DistinguishedService awards on Grace and EdithAbbott, who are both native daughtersof Nebraska, for their contribution topublic welfare work.Charlotte Towle, associate professor of Psychiatric Social Work, has recently conducted Institutes at both theWisconsin and the Kentucky State Conferences of Social Work.Frank Bane, who has recently resigned his position as executive secretary of the Social Security Board inWashington, has been welcomed back toChicago and to the University. He continued as a member of the faculty of theSchool while in Washington.Savilla Millis Simons, AM'26, hasbeen elected chairman of the ChicagoChapter of the American Associationof Social Workers for the coming year.Additions to the Social Service Series,the collection of cases and other documentary material, includes the followingnew volumes: (1) The Child and theState, Select Documents in two volumes,edited with introductory notes to thevarious sections, by Grace Abbott. Volume I deals with Apprenticeship andChild Labor, Volume II with Dependent and Delinquent Children. (2) SocialCase Records: Family Welfare, byElizabeth S. Dixon, associate professor, and Grace Browning, assistantprofessor of Case Work.The new Social Service Monographs :(1) Work Accidents to Minors in Illinois by Earl E. Klein; and (2) TheDevelopment of the Montana Poor Lawby Frederic R. Veeder. The Schoolalso calls attention to the publication ofUnattached Women on Relief in Chicago 1937 by Harriet Byrne, AM'33,and Cecile Hillyer, AM'38. Thisstudy was begun as a field study in theSchool of Social Service when the Chiefof the Women's Bureau offered to helpcarry it through. Miss Hillyer's sections were accepted as a Master's thesis.The following students have madechanges in their work:Helen Jeter, PhD'24, has left the TEACHERS' AGENCIES (Cont.)Albert Teachers' Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoEstablished 1885. Placement Bureau formen and women in all kinds of teachingpositions. Large and alert College andState Teachers' College departments; forDoctors and Masters; forty per cent of ourbusiness. Critic and Grade Supervisors forNormal Schools placed every year in largenumbers; excellent opportunities. Specialteachers of Home Economics, Business Administration, Music, and Art, secure finepositions through us every year. PrivateSchools in all parts of the country amongour best patrons; good salaries. Well prepared High School teachers wanted for cityand suburban High Schools. Special manager handles Grade and Critic work. Sendfor folder today.CLARK-BREWERTeachers Agency57th YearNationwide ServiceFive Offices — One FeeCHICAGO, MINNEAPOLISKANSAS CITY, MO. SPOKANENEW YORKHUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY25 E. JACKSON BLVD.Telephone Harrison 7793Chicago, III.Member National Associationof Teachers AgenciesWe Enjoy a Very Fine High School, Normal School,College and University PatronagePaul Yatesjf ates-Fisher Teachers' Agenc fEstablished 1906616 South Michigan Ave., ChicagoUNIFORMSTailored Uniforms Made to MeasureWomen Doctors and Nurses, Stock sizeInterne SuitsKNEDfl. McSWEENY1910 So. Ogden AvenueSEEley 3734 Evenings by AppointmentVENTILATINGThe Haines CompanyVentilating and Air ConditioningContractors1929-1937 West Lake St.Phones Seeley 2765-2766-276740 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEposition as director of the Division ofPublic Assistance Statistics of theSocial Security Board to take a positionas director of the Research Division ofthe New York City Welfare Council.Marion Hathway, AM'27, PhD'33,has left her position as director of theSchool of Social Work at Pittsburgh tobecome the executive secretary of theAmerican Association of Schools ofSocial Work.Florence M. Warner, PhD'33, hasbeen appointed professor and actinghead of the Social Science Departmentat Connecticut College in New London,Connecticut.Edith Vecker, AM'32, has joinedthe staff of the Social Service Department of the University of ChicagoClinics.Margaret Bristol, AM'33, instructor and field work supervisor 1933-1938,has left Chicago to join the faculty ofthe Florida State College for Women,Tallahassee.Elizabeth Parker Mills, AM'34,has left the New York C.O.S. to jointhe National Staff of the American Association of Social Workers.Pauline Bakeman, AM'36, hastaken a position with the Children's Division of the Illinois State Departmentof Public Welfare.Frank Moncrief, AM'36, has takena position in the Research Departmentof the Kansas State Department of Public Welfare.Lilian Ripple, AM'36, has joinedthe staff of the Research Division ofthe Chicago Council of Social Agencies.Marian Voges, AM'36, has taken aposition with the Family Society inPhiladelphia.Edith Brookhart, AM'37, hasjoined the staff of the New York StateCharities Aid Association.Bernice Brower, AM'37, has takena position with the Jewish Children'sBureau in Chicago.Evelyn Brumbaugh, AM'37, hastaken a position as child welfare consultant in the Maryland Board of StateAid and Charities.Willard Cargile, AM'37, has joinedthe Children's Division of the ArkansasDepartment of Public Welfare.Kenneth Foresman, AM'37, has leftthe faculty of the Denver School ofSocial Work to become supervisor inthe Children's Division, Board of Control in Nebraska.Clyde Getz, AM'37, has left the Illinois Department of Public Welfare tojoin the staff of the Oregon Child Welfare Services.Helen Meinzer, AM'37, has joinedthe staff of the New Jersey Board ofChildren's Guardians as institutionalcase worker in the Child Welfare Division.Leon Brower, AM'38, has been appointed to a position with the IllinoisCommission on Unemployment Compensation.Elizabeth Schunk, AM'38, hastaken a position with the Departmentof Public Welfare in Colorado.Amaretta Jones, AM'38, who has supervised field work students at theSchool in the family and child welfarefields for the last three years left atthe end of the summer quarter to takethe position of director of In-ServiceTraining in the State Department ofPublic Welfare in Kansas.Cecilia Carey Heichemer, AM'36,has given up the position of director ofChild Welfare Services in Nevada andhas returned to the University to supervise students in the family welfare field.Erna Henschke, SB, Elmira College, graduate of the New York Schoolof Social Work, has joined the School'sstaff of field work supervisors in thepsychiatric field. Miss Henschke comesfrom the Charity Organization Societyof New York City, where she has supervised students from the New YorkSchool of Social Work. Most recentlyshe has been teaching case work atthe College of Charleston in Charleston,North Carolina.Roger Cumming, AM'36, has left theJuvenile Court of the District of Columbia and returned to the University andis supervising students in the familywelfare field.ENGAGEDBeatrice Dorothy Miller, y3S, toLouis D. Alpert of Chicago*MARRIEDJane K. Atwood, EtIB'05, SM'15, toHorace Y. Miller, professor of education and director of extension of education at Michigan State Normal Collegeon August 23; at home, 809 Congressstreet, Ypsilanti, Michigan.Allin H. Pierce, JD'23, to FlorenceBennet (Vassar) on August 15, 1938,at Pelham, N. Y. They spent theirhoneymoon motoring through England,Scotland and Wales.Leslie P. Fisher, '26, to KathrynA. Sanders (Northwestern, '33, AM'34) on June 30, 1938. At home, IronRiver, Michigan.Muriel F. Bernitt, AM'31, toBernard Drell, '31, AM'34, on September 10, 1938, in Detroit; at home,6106 University Avenue, Chicago.Helen Morrison, ex G'36, to Bertram G. Nelson, Jr., '31, MD'36, onOctober 1, 1938. At home, 1306 East56th Street, Chicago.John Vincent Healy, '32, to Doro-thv Murphy on October 15, Frances-town, N. H.; at home, 2 Otis Place,Boston, Massachusetts.Marjorie Jeanette Vann, '32 toPaul Edward Foster, ex '32, on August14, in the Old South Church in Boston,Massachusetts. At home, 118 River-way, Boston, Massachusetts.Virginia T. Carr, '36, to ClaudeBuxton on September 12. At home,730 Ogden Avenue, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania.June Rappaport, f36f SM'38, toHarvey M. Schamp, Jr., on August 6;at home, 806 East 58th Street, Chicago.BORNTo Walter C. Earle, '18, MD'20,and Mrs. Earle (Eugenie Williston,'19), a daughter, Eugenie Anne, on July 27, 1938, at San Antonio, Texas.To Mr. and Mrs. Salvatore Avellone(Mary Gingrich, '21) of 4967 Sutherland Avenue, St. Louis, Missouri, ason, Tomasso, born June 6, 1938, theseventh child in the family.To Julian M. Bruner, '22, MD'26,and Mrs. Bruner, a son, Robert BurnsBruner, September 18, 1938, DesMoines, Iowa.To Robert A. Lundy, '25, and Mrs.Lundy, their third child and first boy,Robert Alvah, on May 10, 1938, Al-turas, California.To Charles D. Borst, '31, and Mrs.Borst (Betty Anne Jones, j33) adaughter, Juliet Anne, on August 12,1938, Chicago.To Ray D. R. Vane, '32, and Mrs.Vane (Marjorie Cahill, '32) a daughter, Amy, on August 30, 1938, in Spokane, Washington.To A. W. Pearson, MD'36, and Mrs.Pearson, a daughter, March, 1938, LosAngeles, California.DIEDAaron W. Edmiston, MD'80, retiredphysician, died May 29 in Omaha, Nebraska.S. F. MacLennan, PhD'96, diedMay 17, 1938, in Oberlin, Ohio. Hehad taught in Oberlin College from1897 until 1934, as professor of psychology and later of philosophy.Eugene Gates, '02, MD'02, physicianand surgeon in Two Rivers, Wisconsinfor many years, died April 28, 1938.Augustas Bogard, '08, AM' 15, whofor eighteen years was a member ofthe College of Saint Teresa faculty,passed away September 5 at Dover,Arkansas.Aram S. Yeretzian, '09, pastor,died September 6 in Los Angeles, age60. A resident of Los Angeles for 26years, he had established two churches,the Armenian Gethsemane Congregational Church and the Armenian Immanuel Congregational Church.Daniel Freeman, PhM'll, head ofthe department of biology at AlbanyCollege for the last fifteen years, diedof heart failure on August 29 at hishome in Albany, Oregon. He was 74years of age.Golder L. McWhorter, '11, MD'13,Chicago surgeon and associate clinicalprofessor of surgery at Rush, died October 16, 1938, in Chicago.G. E. Burget, PhD' 17, passed awayJune 5th. He had been professor ofphysiology in the University of OregonMedical School since 1917. He wasforty-nine years old.George W. Clemens, AM' 17, whohad been teaching in the Chicago highschools for many years, died May 12.Adele D. Uber, '21, passed away onAugust . 19, 1938, at her home in Chicago after a short illness.Mary Freyer Montgomery (Mrs.M. Laurence Montgomery), PhD'31,assitant attending staff member of theChildren's Hospital in San Franciscoand assistant clinical professor of surgery at the University of CaliforniaMedical School, died August 30, 1938,in San Francisco.Your telephone won 7 let you downA suspicious noise in the night—you quietly reach for the telephone—you call for help.Your voice carries through a greatnetwork of telephones, wires, cablesand switchboards— and your call isanswered.This equipment was designed byBell Telephone Laboratories andsupplied by Western Electric, manufacturing unit of the Bell System.For more than fifty years WesternElectric has been meeting the BellSystem's standards for high qualityservice. Constant improvement inmanufacturing methods, and rigidtests at every step of the way, assuretelephone equipment you can depend upon. Every wire in every cable made at WesternElectric receives many tests before it isacceptable for your service. Here is one ofthe final tests after the lead covering is applied. This skilled worker is performing a delicateoperation on equipment for a new telephoneexchange . He joins thousands of wires that willcarry yourvoice wherever there are telephones.Western Etecfric . . . made yourBELL TELEPHONE>(/0You too will find more pleasurein Chesterfield's refreshingmildness and satisfying taste.That's why smokers everywhere are now saying . . .More pleasure than anycigarette I ever triedCopyright 1938, Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co.