»"• ' **""x *'* .;¦?¦„• ¦ *•"*% ai i i i# i p m¦ 9L> ¦¦¦¦;¦ w •eiSc -THE UNIVERSITY OPCHICAGO MAGAZINEU NSCHOOL & CAMP DIRECTORYGIRL'S SCHOOLSOAK GROVEPrepares for College and Gracious Living.Music, Art, Expression. Upper and LowerSchools. Crad. Course Sec. Science. Joyous outdoorrecreation. Hiding. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Owen,Box 170, Vassalboro, Maine.GARDNER SCHOOL154 East 70th Street, New York, Resident and dayschool for girls. Accredited. Elementary, CollegePreparatory, Secretarial and Junior Collegiatecourses. Music, Art, Dramatics. All Athletics.81st year. M. Elizabeth Masland, Principal.JOKAKE SCHOOL FOR GIRLSOn the slope of Camelback Mt. in Arizona nearPhoenix. College preparatory and general courses.Music, art, dramatics, dancing. Riding, swimming,pack trips. Miss Lilias G. Bill, Headmistress,George G. Ashford, Dir., Jokake, Arizona.ROBERTS-BEACH SCHOOLCollege preparatory school near Baltimore andWashington. Small classes, high scholastic standing. Separate house for younger girls. Music, art.Sports. Lucy G. Roberts, Ph.D., and Sarah M.Beach, Ph.D., Dirs., Box G, Catonsville, Md.GIRLS1 SCHOOLS IN THEDIOCESE OF VIRGINIA (EPISCOPAL)St. Anne's School — Charlottesville, VirginiaMargaret L. Porter — HeadmistressSt. Catherine's School — Richmond, VirginiaLouisa deB. Bacot Bracken — HeadmistressDay and Boarding. Thorough preparation for allleading colleges. Also courses for students not planning to enter college. Lower School, grades 4 to 8.Music, Art, Riding, Outdoor Sports. For cataloguesaddress the Headmistress of each school.COEDUCAT'NAL SCHOOLSGEORGE SCHOOLA Friends' Coeducational Boarding School. Moderncurriculum. 85 graduates entered 41 colleges in 1937.Endowment. G. A. Walton, A.M., Principal, Box267, George School, Pa.PUTNEY SCHOOLFor boys and girls who while preparing for college,want to have a rich, realistic, responsible life.Self-help, farm and construction work jobs. Sports,Music, Art; every cultural interest stimulated.Putney, Vt.BOY'S C A M P~SWASSOOKEAGThe School-Camp for boys. Accredited Bummersession in a camp setting. Complete land andwater sports program for juniors and seniors. Astudent-camper can save a year in school.Lloyd Harvey Hatch, Director, Dexter, Maine.AN IDEAL VACATIONFOR BOYSTrains them to be neat, prompt,courteous, alert. Emphasizescorrect posture. Regular Academypersonnel. Complete facilities.Thousand-acre wooded campus. All land and water sports.Optional tutoring without extra cost. NAVAL SCHOOLand CAVALRY CAMP (boys 14-19). WOODCRAFTCAMP (boys 9-14). Specify Catalog desired.612 Lake Shore Court Culver, IndianaSUMMER SCHOOLS BOYS PACIFIC COASTGlen Eyrie FarmFOR CHILDRENDELAVAN LAKE, WISCONSIN• • •BOYS and GIRLS 8—12Family Group — Not a Camp. All farm activitiesbesides swimming and boating.Opens June 19tnSend for story o| the Farm.VIRGINIA HINKINS BUZZELL, ' 13Glen Eyrie Farm, Delavan Lake, Wis. BLACK-FOXE MILITARYINSTITUTETHE WEST'S DISTINGUISHED SCHOOL FOR BOYSFrom First Grade Through High SchoolPictorial Catalogue on Request660 Wilcox Avenue Los Angeles, Calif.MONTEZUMAPrimary — Elementary — High School. Accredited.400 acres. Mild climate. Outdoor life year round.Horses — Athletics — Entrance any time. SummerCamp. Montezuma School for Boys, Box G,Los Gatos, California.BOYS — NEW .ENGLANDHEBRON ACADEMYThorough college preparation for hoys at moderatecost. 75 Hebron boys freshmen in college this year.Write for booklet and circulars. Ralph L. Hunt,Box G, Hebron, Me.MOSES BROWN SCHOOLHelp and inspiration for each boy a century-oldtradition. Excellent college record. Secluded 25-acrecampus. Pool. Lower School. Moderate tuition.L. R. Thomas, 293 Hope St., Providence, R. I.WILLISTON ACADEMYUnusual educational opportunities at modest cost.Over 150 graduates in 40 colleges. New recreational center, gym, pool. Separate Junior School.A. V. Galbraith, Box 3, Easthampton, Mass.CHESHIRE ACADEMYFormerly ROXBURY SCHOOLFlexible organization and painstaking supervisionof each boy's program offer opportunity for exceptional scholastic progress and general development.A. E. Sheriff, Headmaster, Cheshire, Conn.NEW HAMPTON SCHOOLA New Hampshire School for Boys. 117th year.Thorough College Preparation. Athletics for everyboy. Moderate Tuition. 125 Boys from 12 States.Frederick Smith, Box 201, New Hampton, N. H.REDDING RIDGEA new, thoroughly modern educational plan forcollege preparatory boys. More rational studymethods, more complete subject mastery. Attractive buildings and campus 60 miles fromNew York. Sports, hobbies, other recreation ,Write for booklet on the "Redding Ridge Plan".KENNETH G. BONNER, REDDING RI DGE.CONN. BOYS — MIDDLE ATLANTICFRANKLIN AND MARSHALLACADEMYA widely recognized, moderately priced preparatoryschool. Junior dept. E. M. Hartman, Pd.D., Box70, Lancaster, Pa.BLAIR ACADEMYExcellent preparation for college. Small classes.Cultivation of initiative and self-reliance. 65 milesfrom New York, Charles H. Breed, Box 20,Blairstown, N. J.ST. JAMES SCHOOLWashington Co., Md. Episcopal college preparatoryschool. Estab. 1842. Carefully selected faculty. Modern bldgs. Golf, tennis, swimming. High scholasticstandards. Adrian G. Onderdonk, M.A., Headmaster.ST. PETER'S SCHOOLEpiscopal school opening in the Fall of 1938. Self-help plan. Small classes. High academic standing.Large campus. 40 mi. from N. Y. C. Rev. Frank G.Leeminc, Head, Van Cortlandtville, Peekskill, N. Y.THE MERCERSBURG ACADEMYPrepares for entrance to all colleges and universities. Alumni from 24 nations. 680 former studentsnow in 113 colleges. Boyd Edwards, D.D., LL.D.tHeadmaster, Mercersburc, Pa.BOYS-SOUTHERN'FLORIDA PREPARATORYSCHOOLOn Halifax River. Boarding and Day. SpecializeC.E.B. Exams. Separate Junior School. Smallclasses. Daily Sun Bathing. Special Health Department. Paul G. Brubeck, Daytona Beach, Fla.BOYS — MIDDLE WESTCRANBROOK SCHOOLDistinctive endowed preparatory school for boys.Also junior department. Exceptionally beautiful,complete, modern. Unusual opportunities in music,arts, crafts, sciences. Hobbies encouraged. All sports.Single rooms. Strong faculty9 Individual attention.Graduates in ove€ 50 colleges. Near Detroit. Registrar, 3030 Lone Pine Rd., Bloomfield Hills, Mich.SPECIAL SCHOOLSTHE BANCROFT SCHOOLYear-round school and home for retarded andproblem children. Resident physician. Educationalprogram. 56th yr. Summer camp on Maine Coast.Catalog. Medical Director, Dana S. Crum. Principal, J. C. Cooley, Box 315, Haddonfield, N. J.THE OLDEST CAMP IN THE WESTCAMP HIGHLANDSFOR BOYSSAYNER, WISCONSINThree Camps— 8-12: 13-14: 15-17Woodcraft, Athletic and Water Sports,Music, Photography, Scouting, Long CanoeTrips, Riding, Shooting, Shop, Nature Lore,Camping Trips, Unexcelled Equipment,Experienced Staff, Doctor-Nurse.WRITE THE DIRECTOR FOR CATALOGW. J. MONILAW, M. D.5712 Kenwood Ave., -Chicago ELIZABETH HULL SCHOOLForRETARDED CHILDRENBoarding and Day Pupils5046Greenwood Ave TelephoneDrexel 1 1 88THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEPUBLISHED BY THECharlton T. Beck, '04Editor and Business ManagerFred B. Millett, PhD '31; William V. Morgenstern, ^p^jfb '22Contributing Editors ff-Dan H. Brown, '16; Ruth Stagg Lauren, '25*Council Committee on PublicationsALUMNI COUNCILHoward P. Hudson/ '35Associate EditorTHE Cover: At the present moment the Chicago championshiptennis team is engaged in more tournaments, and, as the members pointfor the National Collegiates, is stillundefeated. Capt. John Shostrum,No. 1 man, who is pictured by PaulWagner, '38, has played the best tennis of his career. His team-matesbreezed through with victory aftervictory. And so, to give you a complete picture of this great seasonWally Hebert, one-time varsityplayer and for the past severalyears tennis coach, has written an article which proves that championships in this sport are really a Chicago tradition.An archeological adventure withprehistoric man as the hero is ourfourth prize winning article in therecent Manuscript Contest. AlonzoW. Pond, AM'28, is the author.The class umbrellas have beenstored away and the men from B andG " have long since removed thebleachers and colored lights fromHutchinson Court. But the June Reunion will be remembered long. Ifyou weren't fortunate enough to beback you should be told that thehomecoming broke attendance records, from the jampacked sessions ofthe Alumni School to an unprecedented crowd at the Sing. And in N THIS ISSUEthese troublesome days of world unrest, and with all that we have believed to be firm and unshakablecrashing about us, it is comforting tonote that, as usual, there was no signof rain the night of the Sing. Forhighlights of the week, see HowardW. Mort's Reunion Rambles.It is a bit superlative and certainlyunwise to reminisce about EdithFoster Flint, '97 — particularly whenshe has covered the ground so beautifully in her address at the Alumnae Breakfast which we publish inthis issue. We do, however, wish torecord our admiration of her brilliant career as Professor of Englishat the University, a feeling held byalumni all over the country. Typicalof Mrs. Flint, who retires this yearfrom teaching, is her decision to goback to school once more, continuestudies that a busy life has forced herto forego.TABLE OF CONTENTSJUNE, 1938Then and Now, Edith Foster Flint. . . 3Death Posed a Tableau, Alonzo W.Pond 7Reading, Mortimer J. Adler 10The Campus Dissenter, Herbert(Bud) Larson 14A Clean Sweep in Tennis, Walter H.Hebert 15In My Opinion, Fred B. Millett 17Reunion Rambles, Hozvard W. Mort. 20News of the Quadrangles, WilliamV. Morgenstern 22News of the Classes /. 25 How many of you can read? Thisapparently ridiculous question wasasked several hundred alumni at asession of the Alumni School byProfessor Mortimer J. Adler. Bythe time he had concluded his talk itwas obvious that few in the audiencecould answer his challenge. And sowe give you his rules for reading abook, without which Mr. Adler contends you are not worthy of beingcalled literate. This provocative discussion, merely a sample of the manyfaculty lectures at the School, wasprovided for us by the Lecture Reporting Service, 440 S. DearbornStreet, Chicago. Mimeographedcopies of all of the addresses areavailable from them for a nominalfee.This is the last issue of the Magazine until October. We wish tothank once more our regular contributors, Fred B. Millett, Visiting Professor of English at Wesleyan University who sends his copy so regularly that the editors tell the dayof the month by it; William V.Morgenstern, whose position as Director of Press Relations should provide enough writing for one man;Howard W. Mort, busy editor of thepopular Tower Topics and directorof the Reynolds Club; and Herbert(Bud) Larson, '38, who, degree inhand, leaves for New York and a jobin an advertising department.Published by the Alumni Council of the University of Chicago monthly, from November to July. Office of Publication, 403 Cobb Hall, 58th St. atEllis Avenue. Chicago. Annual subscription price $2.00. Single copies 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, at the Post Officeat Chicago. Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. The Graduate Group, Inc., 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City, is the official advertising agencyof the University of Chicago Magazine.-ov*o* nce*3S*'VOLUME XXX THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINE NUMBER 8JUNE, 1938THEN AND NOWAT ONE of the Trustees' Dinners dear old Mr.Dickerson read his speech. As he took the pagesout of his pocket and unfolded them he remarkedwith his twinkling smile, "I shoot better from a rest."I am no marksman, under any conditions, but I shouldcertainly shoot worse without a rest— and I should befar less happy. And it seems to me it would be a pityif I might not enjoy myself on this occasion, for meunique.There is one distinction, I find, that with health andgood luck we may all attain to: we may become theOldest Inhabitant. And as such we find our observations credited with a significance they were never judgedto possess when we were younger and spryer. By thesimple, artless process of outliving other people, wehave become repositories. Well do I know that I amnot here to discuss College English Under the NewPlan, or The Obscurity of Contemporary Poetry; I amhere to make a commentary on Then and Now.The Then goes back a long way, in point of fact toJanuary 2, 1893. And as I look over my shoulder atthat stretch of nearly half a century what comes crowding to my mind is images. Images of people, of places,of scenes, — if an atmosphere may have an image, ofatmospheres. Those images must have been held in the"deep well" of subconsciousness all these decades becausein some way they were for me significant. I am goingto try to present some of them in the hope that theymay prove to have more than a merely personal meaning.They arise in my mind in pairs, sometimes contrasting,sometimes parallel — or rather, always contrasting superficially, but fundamentally more often constituting varying aspects of the same basic thing.It is 1893 and there's a party on— a faculty-studentparty. It is given in Cobb Hall. Where else could itbe given? For on the prairie only one thin gray lineof buildings rises, composed of Cobb, the "Divinity"halls, and after a long gap, to the northward, Snell Hall.Some, of us students at the party must have been ushersor something, for we wore academic gowns. We werenot in the least depressed by that ambiguous aspect ofbrick-lined Cobb which always leaves you uncertainwhether you are outdoors or in. Our total diversionconsisted, as I recall, in our moving about, up-stairs anddown, in this center of our social and intellectual life,with its new shiny yellow-oak woodwork, and talking.After all, to see each other, to talk with our exciting new* Address at the Alumnae Breakfast, June 4. By EDITH FOSTER FLINT, '97, Professor of Englishinstructors, was enough. It is a safe bet that there werefrappe and cookies — a safer that the cookies werevanilla- wafers. WTe had a lovely time. A little later andwe were able to have these routs against a still moreimpressive background, in Walker Museum, all amongthe prehistoric skeletons and the relief -maps. Therewas undeniably a stony chill about the place, its wallsand its decor being what they were. I can see that, asI look back. ButWarm youth, with only time to fearThat brings you potions for your painwas not thinking about that. It was not thinking abouttime, for that matter, or fearing anything. Time wasinfinite, and life in the New University, that we werequite sure was a great university, and that we werehelping to create, was an exhilarating adventure.We were right. Chicago is a great university. Andwe and all of you have helped to make it. That partiesnow may take place in Hutchinson, with its dark panelled walls throwing women's dresses into charmingrelief, in Ida Noyes with all its spacious dignity andbeauty, in a dozen Common Rooms with their comfortable chairs and davenports and their full equipment forpreparing and serving food, is very agreeable. The important thing,, however, is that there should be anintramural social life, with faculty and students mingling. There are now as many faculty members as therewere students when the University opened ; 942 studentsin 1893-94; 950 faculty today, including Rush and theLaboratory Schools, excluding 218 research associatesand clinical assistants. And numbers, as always, thoughthey ofler richness and diversity, present problems. Thecity extends about the quadrangles in every directionand exercises various pulls. And the fact that it is soeasy to get to places draws us toward them. In thedays wThen going to the opera meant you got back toBeecher — after a long cold walk past many vacant lots— at, say, half past one (with an 8:30 class that morning) you were glad enough for the most part to seekdiversion nearer home — that is to say, in your hall orin Kent.Kent nowadays, though its neatness is a tribute tochemistry, seems old and dim without being venerable —just the wrong age, like a piece of 1898 mission-oak.But it housed in the 90's more things than retorts andtest-tubes. Its odor was not festive, but some gay things34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEwent on in that precipitous brick-and-yellow-oak amphitheater. One of the most surprising of our recreationsthere was a play, The New Cosmogony, spoofing thecreation of the University, spoofing its faculty, in a waynot only daring for that time but daring for any time.I wish the MS existed. It was a really penetrating andwitty thing, the work of an extremely intellectual andserious-minded, deep-voiced young woman in spectacles,Alice Van Vliet. It was received with an involuntarygasp but with the entire good will of the faculty, whoexpressed a kind of wondering admiration and paternalappreciation of what they had been cordially invited tolisten to. Now we have Blackfriars, and Mirror, andthey rib the faculty too. And the performances haveprofessional touches, administered by professional aids.And the faculty don't for the most part mind. But Inote no longer that air of reluctant wonder, as .of aparent for a gifted child who doesn't seem to take aftereither side of the family. For all the lovely young ladiesin backlesseveningdresses sweep-i ng up theaisles to showyou to thewrong seat, Imiss that original quality andthat closenessof communityspirit. Vain re-pining. Wehave nownearly tenthousand different studentsdistributedthrough theAutumn, Winter, and SpringQuarters, asagainst thefewer than onethousand of. 1893-94.Our recreation was physical as well. Surely I cannotbe the only person left in the world whose olfactorymemory forever records a certain smell. It is the smellof soft pine woodwork dampened by the showers andheated by the steam pipes, in the old one-story back-wallbrick gymnasium which squatted where Mitchell towernow soars in the floodlights for the Sing. That gymsmelled of dusty mats too. There a Beecher basketballteam — for hall spirit rose high and emulous in thosedays — practised at night. It practised at so uncanonicalan hour because it had secured Mr. Stagg as coach, andthat kindly and eminently serious young man had onlya lateish evening hour free. We observed the Yaletraining-table diet, our idea, I fancy, not Mr. Stagg's ;drank barley-water, a mawkish beverage. And beforeour big games we ate sandwiches of scraped raw beef,for the promotion olt fierceness. It would have beenpleasant to record that these rigors brought us out inEDITH FOSTER FLINT, '97Alumnae honored her at breakfast. front at the end of the year. . . . One of these nocturnalpractice periods had a unique interruption. Fire-alarmssounded, and we learned that something was burningon the old World's Fair grounds. Hastily putting onskirts over our immodest bloomers — half way to theankle and each leg much wider than a street skirt oftoday, we dashed, safe under Mr. Stagg's chaperonage,over to the lake front. There a magnificent sight greetedus. The peristyle,, at the lakeward edge of the greatCourt of Honor, was on fire. The tall columns outlinedthemselves against the black of the lake, and the heroicsculptured figures on their tops, above the gloriousnames of the States — Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Colorado, Oregon — swayed, tottered, and plunged. It wasa fitting ending of beauty that was not built for permanence except in memory.Those girls in their long, heavy, full, black flannelsuits, with sleeved wrists and collared necks, and black-stockinged legs, those girls, in a costume so revealingthat, the chaste regard of Mr. Stagg alone excepted, nomale eye was ever allowed to glimpse them thus attired,were essentially the same sort of girls that now playhockey on the Midway in shorts and the minimum ofcovering for the torso. These girls of 1938 look a lotprettier, and get the benefit of the sun on their skinsand the delight of the wind on them. And though a fewyears ago milkwagon drivers used to pull abruptly upto the curb to view the spectacle with concentration, nowof course nobody turns a hair. The delivery boys areas unconcerned as a small American child is at the humof an airplane. It is I who stop and look and enjoyyoung beauty. The child marvels at the milk-wagonhorse. Time — marches on!The old gymnasium was the scene likewise of a Settlement Benefit one feature of which I recall with whatI believe is termed a "feeling-tone" of discomfort. Therewere, believe it or not, classical groupings, in white,under strong light — well, I'm afraid there's no avoidingthe term — there were "living statues." These had fortheir warrant and authority no less a person than thefastidious professor of Classical Archaelogy, Frank Bigelow Tarbell. It became my duty to present in dead-white draperies, with a thickly plastered face and a whitecotton wig, Electra, gazing searchingly into the face ofOrestes, personated by the present president of ClarkUniversity. It was done for the Settlement, however,not for our own glorification, if any. The impulse indeedwas the same as that which so many years later, in themidst of the depression in 1932-33 led Gertrude Dudleyto plan and with the assistance of the Physical Educationand Club House staffs to carry out a series of Saturdayafternoon and evening parties for unemployed people.These were not merely people formerly connected withthe University, but dwellers in the neighborhood,"neighborhood" being interpreted generously. Personsto the number of from 400 to 500 were present in a day— men, women, and children. Indeed the afternoongroups came to be composed wholly of children. Andin order that families as such might come in the evening,provision was made for the care of very small childrenby groups of women students. Various student organizations contributed to the diversified recreational program. Mr. Mack Evans, as would be expected, wasTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 5especially helpful; kindly disposed persons made sandwiches by the hundred, the University Emergency ReliefCommittee underwriting the cost of the food. Thebeautiful building — Pres. Judson had asked me on theday of its dedication, "Is it too beautiful?" — realized allits possibilities on those days. People sang togetherabout the piano, there was group dancing in the biggymnasium, games went forward in the lower gymnasium, and the balls thundered in the bowling-alley. Herewas a place of light, warmth, refreshment, and friendliness in a dark world, offering a portrait of "the goodneighbor" before that term had acquired political significance. The size and urgency of the problem hadincreased since the days of Orestes and Electra in theold gym, as had the University's resources to meet it.But the desire to share had not changed. It was a poetwho enriched with his presence the University facultywho had written:To be out of the moiling streetWith its swelter and its sin —Who has given to me this sweetAnd given my brother dust to eatAnd when will his wage come in?i : |j JWe sit here in a lovely room, a room of high distinction. And some of you sat last night or will sit tonightin one of equal distinction and longer, more academicreverberations — Hutchinson Commons. Students, ofboth sexes, come to one or another as they please. Andthey have the Coffee Shop besides. In my undergraduate days what was available for men and for womennot living in the halls? "The Commons" was in thebasement of what is now Blake Hall and had no lessaustere decoration than a rich array of steampipes acrossthe ceiling. There existed besides, unofficially, theShanty, which, however tenderly it may be regardednow, was, in my time, considered to be not quite theplace for ladies — though with a few choice spirits I wentthere once, greatly daring. If when we were criticizedfor this step by some of our fellows we could have beenvouchsafed an apocalyptic vision of the Coffee Shop,and seen through the smoke haze, the mixed groups ofstudents happy among the cigarette butts, should wehave been assuaged, I wonder? Probably we shouldhave dropped dead. After all, the 20th century hadnot yet dawned.These scenes printed upon my mind present an undulating pattern. Sometimes the crest of the wave liesin the past, sometimes in the present. One thing isclear, sadly clear : at present the fortunes of women atthe University, so far as the faculty is concerned, arein the trough. When the University in 1892 announcedits plans, it created a stir by setting forth the fact thatnot only were men and women to be admitted on absolutely equal terms as students, but that women were tobe asked to serve on the faculty. This was all splendid.This lifted the heart. But the actual appointments ofwomen to the faculty, however distinguished in themselves, were very, very few, and made in the lowerranks. And though with the faculty growing in numbers from 129 in 1893 to 950 in 1937-38, and with the unavoidable swelling of the ranks of women facultymembers by the growth of the department of HomeEconomics and the addition of the Laboratory Schoolsand the School of Social Service Administration, thenumbers have of course greatly increased absolutely,nevertheless, relative to the implications of that 1892announcement, to the numbers of women students inAmerican colleges and universities, to the scholarlyachievements of women in the past 40 years, the numbers are far from satisfactory. If not only number butrank is taken into account, the situation is still moresignificant. This situation cannot be indicated in scenes.Images of Marion Talbot, Myra Reynolds, ElizabethWallace, Gertrude Dudley, in their class rooms, in theiroffices, in the living-rooms of their halls, rise beforeone's mind, and one has a grateful and nostalgic senseof what their personality, wisdom, and experience builtinto the University. But this is a case for hard statistics,not pictures. I am no statistician, Heaven knows, butthe figures given are, I believe, substantially correct.We had in the early days, when that announcementso heartening to women went out, no Medical School,no Hospitals, no Laboratory Schools, no School of SocialService Administration. Therefore in the followingfigures women connected with those branches of theUniversity are omitted. Home Economics and PhysicalEducation for women are necessarily staffed by women.Therefore representatives of those departments are omitted. The result? Number of women on the faculty: 33.Of these the number holding the rank of full professoris two.Proceeding in like fashion with the men, and omittingsuch upstart departments and schools as Law, Business,Music, Psychiatry, Medicine, Education, Library Science, and the Institute of Meat-Packing, we find 364male faculty members. The number holding the rankof full professor is 128. Meanwhile the student body,omitting Medicine, Rush Medical College, and University College, is made up, roughly, of 41% women and59% men. More than ten times as many men as womenon the faculty.The situation is not special to Chicago. It has beenremarked upon widely as a characteristic educationalphenomenon of the time. It is only especially notableat Chicago because of the broad lines upon which theUniversity was laid down. It is certainly a thing forall thoughtful women interested in education to reflectupon. For is it fair to give women opportunity forhigher education and research if the doors upon anacademic career to follow are closed or left onlyslightly ajar?But this is a festive occasion and it is not fitting todwell longer on a grave note. If we look in other directions we see amazing evidence of progress. Buildingsfor example. Even for Midwestern America the gainin forty-five years is astonishing. In 1893, if you weretaking a course in, say, geology, you had to be a prettygood walker, in your long skirt measuring five yardsaround the hem. For your class was in "the ScienceBuilding" — named thus simply, as Burbage's theater in1576 was named merely The Theatre because it wasthe only one in all England. It was a store and apart-6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEment building at the corner of University (then Lexington) Avenue and 55th Street. The University still doesnot scorn to make use of an apartment building. Butlook at Eckhart and Ryerson, at Jones and Kent, atWalker and Rosenwald, at the golden glories of theOriental Institute, with the great Assyrian bull presidingin power and disdain. Look at Hull Court within itsiron gates, with its Springtime borders of tulips anddaffodils, with its "Botany Pond" giving in picturesso deceptive an impression of area that a freshman fromNebraska is on record as saying that what he mostlooked forward to before he saw the quadrangles wasrowing in the twilight on that lovely sheet of water.But, in the structures, of today as in the old makeshifts, the work of scholars goes forward with devotion,whether in research or in teaching. What matters isnot the house, is it, but the life that is lived in it andwhat is honored there. My mind has stored five scenes.The first has for background the Chapel in Cobb; thatis, the big room that occupied the north end of the firstfloor, windows to north, east and west, where the officeof Admissions and the Bureau of Records now lie ingrisly wait, catching you coming and going. The timewas long before the building of Mandel, where for somany years chapel services -were held. What we allturned our eyes and our minds to was the figure of ayoung woman on the platform. It was Helen Keller.In being there we were giving ourselves the privilegeof saluting the unconquerable mind of man, demonstrated thrillingly in her and in her great teacher, AnneSullivan.A second scene, much later — in October of 1919. Thegold has had time to fade on the green walls of Mandel,and the crimson curtains are worn. We are assembledthere to do honor to a man of tall, spare figure whoseems not to be aware of himself, in whose face is alight of the spirit. It is Cardinal Mercier, and theUniversity in Convocation, after conferring the honorarydegree of Doctor of Laws, presents to him two incunabula : one of them from Armour Institute, a first editionof Euclid's Elements, printed in 1482 ; the other, printedin 1466, the University's finest possession representativeof the earliest days of printing. These are to go intothe library of the restored University of Louvain. I donot know which is more moving: the endearing eagerness with which the Cardinal opens and examines thebooks, unable to wait until the short speech of presentation is finished; or the Roman Catholics dropping totheir knees on the sidewalk as he passes.A third scene — this one in 1921. The June convocation, which has outgrown Mandel, has for some timenow been held in Hutchinson Court under a vast tentwhich is a highly efficient retainer of heat. But whothinks about the slightly smothery atmosphere? Anhonorary degree is being conferred upon a grave-facedwoman who walks as if remote from the everyday world— to which her discoveries have brought such enlargement — Mme. Curie. The words of the Nobel prize-winner who presents her attest "the new insight which yourdiscoveries have given into the nature of matter and thenew stimulus which they have been to the developmentof human thought!" Wide words.For a fourth companion-piece we go to the great Chapel. It is a regular Sunday morning service. Theopening music by the choir is fine, as always. We feelin our spirits the lofty vaulting over our heads. Someof us remember perhaps the words of the architect whodesigned the building: "This Chapel should not havestained-glass. It is a college chapel, not a cathedralfor the celebration of mysteries," see what he meantbut heave, it may be, a reluctant aesthetic sigh. Thenthe preacher ascends into the pulpit and a superb voicerolls forth: "For He hath set eternity in our hearts."Rabbi Wise wastes no breath in commentary on tolerance rising superior to difference in creeds. He goes tothe- heart of the matter and makes us feel the unity ofmankind in aspiration.Fifth and last, another scene in the Chapel. It isNovember, 1928, an afternoon of low, grey skies andpouring rain, and the light in the Chapel is dim. Everything is still. At the head of the nave, just at the footof the chancel steps, rests a coffin, tall candles to eitherside, and guarded head and foot by two young figuresin academic gowns, a man and a woman, student-members of the Chapel Council. Up the aisle moves a groupof faculty men, the leaders of the University in scientificthought. They look grave, unshaken, and utterly worthyof trust. The organ sounds, and then a voice rises :Let us now praise famous men, and our fathersthat begat us.The Lord wrought great glory by them throughHis great power from the beginning.Such as did bear rule in their kingdoms, menrenowned for their power, giving counsel by theirunderstanding. . . .Leaders of the people by their counsels, and bytheir knowledge of learning meet for the people,wise and eloquent in their instructions. . . . Theirglory shall not be blotted out. . . . Their name livethfor evermore.It was the funeral of Thomas Chamberlain, and I shallnever forget it. We were enclosed by the tall grey wallsand the rain. We were a community. The communityof scholars was there, visible to us, in its solid ranks.And the body of the man whose brain had conceived anew hypothesis of the origin of our solar system waswatched over in reverence by two of the young generation down whose intellectual pathway his labors hadthrown a light.Man's unconquerable, man's conquering mind.That is what the University has stood for and standsfor, the development and training by education, andthe exercise and achievement by research, of the mind.All the development of character and of the body, allthe fun and the beauty, the social life, receiving andoutgoing, have been ancillary to that. In mediaevaltimes a single mystery-play might be perceived by theindividual member of, say, the shipwright's guild whoplayed the part of Noah on any given feast-day, asmerely the play of the Flood. As years passed, playadded itself to play in a long succession of scenes, scenesof the ordeal of Abraham and Isaac, of the Nativity of{Continued on Page 24)DEATH POSED A TABLEAUFourth Prize in Manuscript Contest• By ALONZO W. POND, A.M.'28ON a narrow ledge high abovethe floor of the cave a reedtorch flickered. Through thewavering lights and shadows an oldIndian gypsum miner, barefooted,moved along the ledge. Carefullyhe laid two bundles of oak sticks ina niche of the rocks. Later theywould help dispel the darkness anddrive away the spirits. A longbundle of dry reeds he placed closeby on the steep slope of that treacherous ledge. They, too, were fuelfor the lamp of this man of destiny.The Indian miner sat down to munchhis meager meal of hickory nuts. Curious shadows leapt about the wallsof the cave as the torch light wavered. A stone rattled down theledge to crash on the floor below ;again the awful silence of the cavern.His lunch finished, the old mansquatted silently for a moment. Thedarkness and the silence of the cavern brought him close to a sense ofthe eternal mystery. Fear of thedarkness, awe in the presence of themysterious unknown he had overcome by his intense religious fervorand desire to secure the sacred gypsum.For two miles he had wanderedthrough the majestic passages of thegreat cavern; a puny soul wanderingin eternity ; his footsteps guided bythe fitful, yellow glare of a reed torch. Through tortuous rockfalls he had clambered where even his preciousbundle of light torches was a burden. His faith in thesacredness of the tribal need for gypsum, precious ceremonial paint of the ancestors, had driven him on throughthe silence.At last he was ready. He adjusted the folds of hisfiber blanket across his hips, knotted it in front and drewa large part of it up over his chest bib-like. Cautiouslyhe crawled in under a great block of limestone that hadlaid for centuries on the steep ledge. A little pile ofburning reeds gave light for his work. He knelt on theloose sand of the ledge. With a large chunk of limestone he started to chip away the gypsum. His positionwas cramped, awkward. He moved his left foot forgreater comfort ; it dislodged a small key stone beneaththe huge block of limestone.An agonized scream of terror shattered the cavern'sstillness! A few pebbles rattled down over the ledge to the cave floor below. The reed fireflamed and flickered out. Silence andthe blackness of eternity descendedagain on the great cave. Death hadposed a tableau of prehistoric man'sintimate daily life. The strangechemistry of the cave began the process of preservation. A rat gnawed alittle on the body and left his job unfinished. Other gypsum minersworked on a higher ledge. Sandfrom their digging trickled downwith hour glass slowness to bury theledge of tragedy. Eternal minutes inthe cavern grew to years. Decadeslengthened into centuries.Modern man discovered MammothCave in 1797 A. D. Fifteen yearslater salt petre miners braved thecavern's darkness in search of precious nitre earth, sacred powder tothe gods of war. After the war of1812 those avenues, once known onlyto the prehistoric gypsum miners,became a show place for Americantourists. Tens of thousands of modern sightseers followed guidesthrough those majestic avenues andclambored over rocks worn smoothby prehistoric sandals. For morethan a century thousands of touristspassed by the ledge of tragedy.Guides even hurled their flamingtorches to the ledge itself. A fewventuresome explorers climbed overthe ledge above and left their mark within a few feetof that grim tableau posed long centuries ago. Thedarkness sheltered the tragic scene. Torches flamednearby, shadows cast their veil of secrecy on the sceneitself. The treacherous sand-covered ledge remained abarrier to the curious seeking new passages in the cave.In June, 1935, CCC workers of Co. 510 were buildinga trail over the rugged floor of Mammoth Cave. Theclatter of their hammers breaking rock dispelled thesilence of the cave. Their gasoline lanterns made aweird path of light through the darkness. Two guideswere assigned to the crew to see that none of the boyswandered away to lose themselves in the dark avenues.For fifteen years these guides, quiet, unassumingGrover Campbell and Lyman Cutliff, had been exploringMammoth Cave. Scores of other guides had done likewise, most of them seeking new passages or more beautiful cave formations. Cutliff and Campbell centeredtheir interest on traces of prehistoric man. There wereALONZO W. POND, A.M. "28A native of Wisconsin, the fourth prize winner has traveled far before returning to theBadger state where he writes and lectures.Mr. Pond studied also at Beloit, where helater led expeditions for its Logan Museum,and the University of Paris. He has been inmany remote parts of the world pursuing hisanthropological studies, crossed the oceanas an ordinary seaman, served in both theFrench and American armies, and most recently was with the National Park Service asarcheologist. For further facts, see "Who'sWho."8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEskeptics who laughed at them. "Of course, there werereeds in, the cave; washed in by the freshets of ancientrivers," they were told."The grass sandals?" scoffed the skeptics. "Broughtin by pack rats."The guides were unconvinced. "Man brought thesethings into the cave," they said, "and some day we'll finda mummy."On June 7th Campbell urged Cutliff to come up onthat ledge in Waldach's Dome. "I found some mummu-fied bats there yesterday," he said, "and I'd like you tocome and see them." By the light of their gasoline lantern they found a section of the ledge which could bescaled without a ladder. Campbell led the way up overa high, sand-covered shelf close to the roof of the caveand thirty feet from the floor. In places the passagewas so low they had to stoop almost to their knees. Atthe south end of the high ledge they found a way downto a broad shelf. The mummified bats were close to alarge block of limestone. They examined them andthen Campbell said, "Guess I'll crawl down betweenthese rocks. Looks like nobody has ever been downalong that sand ledge."Cautiously on hands and knees he crawled along thetreacherous sand. Cutliff followed close behind. Campbell pushed his head between those two large rocks tosee what lay beyond in the darkness no civilized manhad ever penetrated. His lantern cast a circle of brightlight beyond which fantastic shadows played. His lefthand rested on a stone; the light from his companion'slantern dispelled the shadows."It's not a stone," he said, jerking away his hand."What is it, Lyman?""Gosh! It's a skeleton! No, it's a mummy," answered Lyman Cutliff.Carefully they backed away to a less dangerous partof the ledge, and sat down to think. During all the yearsof their employ at Mammoth Cave these two had beenbuddies.. Alone, or together, every spare moment theycould find had been spent searching the ledges and crevices of the dry level of the cave. For years they hadsought the explanation of the burned reeds so commonin the great dry cave. They had wanted to know whocame into the cavern with woven fiber sandals; whobattered the gypsum covered walls with crude stonepecking hammers? Who left bits of braided grass andtwisted grass strings in Mammoth Cave?As they sat there on the ledge that morning Lymanfinally said, "Well, I guess we've found what we've beenlooking for."When their shift was over they reported to their goodfriend, Mr. Monty Charlet, manager of Mammoth Cave."Will you come into the cave with us — now?" wastheir simple question. No word of explanation followedand Mr. Charlet, wise philosopher that he is, sought noanswer.Soon he, too, knelt on the narrow ledge and gazed inwonder at the prehistoric miner preserved for centuriesin the very act of life."For one hundred thirty-seven years civilized manhas known the Mammoth Cave. We have already explored more than one hundred fifty miles of its dark caverns but nothing like this has ever been found," saidMr. Charlet.A hurry call was sent for the writer, then engaged inarcheological research on Jamestown Island, Virginia,and in a few moments I was speeding over the mountainstoward this latest important archeological discovery.The telephone orders from Washington which I received had stated only that "a mummy or something"had been found at Mammoth Cave. Too often have Ichased down similar reports to find the data destroyedand only a few bones jumbled together in a gunny sack.In spite of such annoying thoughts there was a thrill ofanticipation. Ever since I was a lad in grade school Ihad wanted to see Mammoth Cave. There was a pleasant thrill in realizing that I was actually to visit thatwonder cave; that, after studying many caves in thefar corners of the world I was at last on the way torealize a childhood ambition and see Kentucky's famouscavern.At the cave I met Mr. Charlet and Mr. Holland, representative of the National Park Service. In the cavernwe were joined by the guides, Campbell and Cutliff. Afew moments later I knelt on the treacherous sand ledge.Nothing had been disturbed. The ledge was coveredwith loose, dry sand over which had settled a fine blacksoot from the torches of ancient and modern "Cavers."I saw the tragic tableau as the discoverers had found itin the darkness. The miner had been caught at hiswork. There in the cavern, time stopped long centuries ago. After the first great upheaval of death andthe subsequent drying of the man's body the scene remained unchanged. Modern science seldom finds suchcomplete documents.As I sat there gazing at the dried body of the prehistoric man a host of questions clamored to be answered.Then the archeologist in me stirred and I set to workmethodically, as a scientist, to gather all the data. Timeenough for theories and speculation when the facts wereall determined and in order.First, photographs were made by the light of gasolinelanterns. General views and detailed close-ups weretaken. Strong climbing ropes were necessary to carrymy weight as I stood on the loose sand of that steepledge. That treacherous sand slipped and flowed at theslightest touch and I trusted my weight more to theropes than I did to my feet.The next morning I began the preliminary studies.The block of limestone which had caught the ancientminer was about six feet long, four feet wide and threeto four feet thick. It weighs between six and seven tons.It rested on several smaller stones and rested solidly.The head, face down in the sand, the neck, right shoulder and right side of the chest were clearly exposed below the Tomb Rock. The dry flesh of the chest was assoft as velvet but that of the right arm, and, as laterdiscovered the rest of the body was hard as sole leather.The soft flesh over the ribs had been partially eatenaway by rats.As it was too dangerous to work on the ledge without a rope I carefully dug away the sand to a depth oftwelve or fifteen inches to make a wider, firmer shelfon which to work. Every bit of that sand was siftedTHE UNIVERSITY OF)for data which might throw light on the life of the prehistoric Indian.The story as I have told it began to be unfolded bythe digging. Soon I uncovered the two bundles of oaksticks resting in a niche on the rocks about six feet fromthe miner's body. They were still tied with grass knots !Closer to the body was a small fragment of gourd andunder it was a hickory nut, part of the lunch of thatancient workman. Three feet from the dried head wasa bundle of reeds. Gradually I lowered the ledge untilit was relatively safe to work there without a rope.Then with a small scalpel and camel's hair brush 1cleared away the sand about the body.The right arm, when fully exposed, showed a compound fracture just above the elbow, broken when thefear-crazed miner had tried to hold against the fallingrock. Rats had gnawed off the forearm. Their teethmarks showed plainly on the bones half way betweenwrist and elbow. There was no trace of the hand. Probably it had rolled off the ledge and is buried deep in thesands below. Did a rat, too, roll off the ledge with thegruesome relic in its jaws? Perhaps that accounts forthe little damage done by the rodents.It was possible to expose a part of the right leg fromthe loose sand but most of the body was hidden beneaththe great Tomb Rock and one could only guess at itscondition.*For weeks I studied the relics throughout the cavein order to reconstruct the story. Then, late one Fridayafternoon came orders from Washington."Raise the Tomb Rock! Release the body of prehistoric miner for scientific study."The surveyors brought their instruments into the cavern. With flashlights they read their angles and chainedoff distances. Plumb-bobs dangled from the ledge tomake straight lines for the mathematicians.Mr. R. W. Martin, burly, good natured project superintendent rushed to Louisville in search of huge timbersand chain hoists.Monday morning men from CCC Company 510 began stringing wires from "Violet City" half a mile intothe cave for the electric lights at Mummy Ledge. Othersof the company carried the huge timbers from the roaddown into the cave. Eight big ten by twelves werecarried by hand to the scene of operations. Every board,every nail, every bolt and nut, every bit of cable, everytool was carried by hand and lantern light, throughthe darkness. Those who know the darkness of cavescan appreciate the task. Carpenters sawed and hammered. CCC boys drilled holes into the walls of thecave to anchor guy cables; the old cavern echoed tomany strange sounds as the work progressed.When the timbers were spliced into three thirty footcolumns they were hoisted upright with block and tackle,bolted and braced into place ; guyed to the walls of thecave or to giant rocks on the cavern floor, this timbertower was made ready. Three other timbers werehoisted close to the cavern roof. One end of eachrested over a column of the timber tower, the oppositeend extending far back on a high ledge near the roofof the cave.From each of these cross timbers a chain hoist was CHICAGO MAGAZINE 9hung. A wide steel band was bent and shaped to theform of the Tomb Rock; steel cables Were slipPed ^e"neath the rock. Great care was necessary that these didnot touch the body of the miner. Once properly locatedthey were bolted to the band and formed a steel basketin which the Tomb Rock was attached to the h^sts.When all was ready there was quite a witness gallery.The Mammoth Cave officials, National park Servicerepresentatives and employees. Army officers in chargeof the CCC camps, members of the press and newsreelsas well as a number of friends. The "Cave-men Quartet'.' of CCC boys which had contributed to our enjoyment as the work in the cave progressed entertained ourvisitors and relieved the strain for those of us wh° wereresponsible for the job. At twelve o'clock I called>"Go ahead, Mr. Martin. Raise the rock!"The chains rattled through the hoists. We watchedthe rock.I raised my hand. Mr. Martin called, "Stop!"We got down on the ledge to examine the fflummy-A faint hair-line crack had appeared between the r°ckand the body."Hoist again," said Martin. Almost imperceptiblythe crack widened.A third time we halted and found that the metal feelercould be passed freely between stone and body. Therewas no mineral deposit holding the body to the rock.We crawled in under accessible parts of the stone to hecertain that no damage was being done at any Pomt-A nod from Martin and "Take it away, boys Take itup."_Furiously the chains rattled as they rushed throughthe blocks and breathlessly we watched the Torrib Rock.How slowly it moved ! Or did it ?It was like watching the hands of a clock. One 1S con"scious that they move from minute space to minute spacebut one does not see the movement.At last the rock swung free. Civilized m&n £azeddown on a new chapter in the story of man's lofl& climbto civilization. After weeks of waiting the completestory of that age old tragic tableau was ready for interpretation.Lost John, as the colored boys called him, is & typicalIndian man. His high cheek bones, ovoid face> theshape of his head all are typically American Indian. Hewas forty-five years old when he died. This We determined by removing a bit of skin from the head to seewhich sutures of the skull had grown togethe1"- Thetestimony of the skull is further supported by the teethwhich were worn down almost to the gums. -^e wasfive feet four inches in height and now weighs opty aboutfifteen pounds. His bones have not shrunk hut hisflesh dried down so completely that I could hft hiswhole body with one hand.When the rock slipped and pushed his head in^° thesand his teeth snapped together so suddenly th^t he bithis uppers lip. One can actually see his teeth throughthe cut in his lip. He even bit the edge off the blanketthat had been pulled up over his chin, for a piece of itwas still in his mouth when we turned him oVer- His(Continued on Page 24)READING• By MORTIMER J. ADLER, Associate Professor of the Philosophy of LawI HOPE you will not think it inappropriate if I takethis occasion to discuss and evaluate the Bachelorof Arts degree. You may wonder how that comesunder the title of Reading. I assure you before I amfinished I will try to make the connection plain. I thinkit is appropriate because I assume you are all the proudpossessors of that degree or other degrees equally nobleand worthy. It is appropriate, moreover, in this seasonof the year when the colleges of the country admit tothat degree so many young men and women.I wish to consider what it means for anyone to be aBachelor of Arts and again I hope you will follow mein these considerations even though they are not pleasant.I regret I cannot speak sweet, gentle words, but wemust evaluate the present educational product with aclear and critical eye. In doing that I assure you I amnot saying anything about the University of Chicagoalone. My criticisms apply to all American collegestoday and one is not better or worse than the other inthe fundamental respects about which I am speaking.My standard of comparison is not to think of Chicagoagainst Yale, or Yale against Princeton, but all thecolleges in the country today as opposed to those muchpoorer, fewer colonial institutions that turned out JohnAdams, Jefferson, Madison and the other founders ofthis country, and the reason I mention their names isbecause they were literate men. Anyone who has examined the great American state papers, the politicaldocuments of the founders of our nation, know thesemen could read and write. I doubt if the same couldbe said of any American statesman since Lincoln inthe sime sense.. Certainly they have been to college asLincoln fortunately was not.I want to talk about a Bachelor of Arts degree asfundamentally signifying literacy and the ability to readand write and perhaps also to speak with some eloquenceand clarity, and what I am saying simply is that thegraduates of our colleges, those who are given thisdegree to signify admission to the ranks of those supposed to be literate, cannot read and write.There is much evidence of this. I belong in part tothe law faculty and the faculty complains about the factthat students in the law school in the first, second, andthird years cannot read or write. They cannot writewell enough on examinations to be understood and mostof the time is spent in teaching them to read cases, notwhat the law is. The same thing is true of the medicalschool. The Secretary of the American Association ofMedical Schools insists that they don't want pre-medicaleducation in college. They want boys who are literate,who are educated men and not trained men and I thinkthe same thing can be said of business, because I havemet a great many intelligent businessmen who also saythe products of our colleges, however much information*A speech delivered at the Alumni School, May 31. they have, are fundamentally incompetent in the simplestarts of reading, writing, and speaking.These arts are the arts, by the way, which are calledthe liberal arts and these are the arts which are supposedto be the possession of those who have the Bachelor ofArts degree. They are the arts which the candidate issupposed^ to have passed with sufficient competence tobe admitted to the degree of Bachelor. What we meanby a liberal arts education or a liberal arts college orwhat we should mean is the college in which these artsare fundamental. Everything else is secondary. Letnothing else be done unless this is done first, unless weproduce a group of men and women who can read andwrite and speak.As a matter of fact, the arts have disappeared fromour colleges, from our high schools and public schools.You know, if you have children in schools today thatthey are taught not even the rudiments, that they are soundisciplined in these matters that they can't even usethe dictionary or encyclopedia because they don't knowthe alphabet. They come to college so undisciplined inthe simplest intellectual pursuits that it is impossible forcolleges to correct them. In this sense the blameis not only on the colleges, but on the high schools andelementary schools, the blame is upon the whole tenet ofcontemporary education in this country and manyabroad. It isn't local. It is a Twentieth Century orlate Nineteenth Century matter. The causes are manifold. I am not going to enter into the history of educational change. I am more concerned to point out precisely what I mean by the lack of these fundamentalabilities which makes a man a liberal man in some sense.Let me first make one or two brief negative points.If you examine our present curricula in high schools orcolleges you will see at once where some of the obviousfaults lie. In the first place, we have substituted theteacher for the subject matter. Students today mastertheir teachers, not the subject matters. To pass an examination you study the idiocyncracies of your teachers.The subject matter has become much less important because we are fundamentally interested in personality allaround, the teacher as well as the student. Then wehave gone in for covering ground. The world has become complicated. There is a bushel of facts in everysubject and we don't think a man is educated unless hehas accumulated a vast store of this knowledge of facts.So we have survey courses in all fields and even if theyare not called survey courses, that is what they are,because they cover vast areas of ground. True and falseexaminations are given which encourage only one thing,a mastery of the vocabulary by which the exams can bepassed. My own experience and observation of studentsis that a student takes a course, learns the vocabulary,gets a kind of superficial facility with the vocabularywhich enables him to check an automatic examinationand once the course is over and the exam passed that10THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 11vocabulary quite probably is relegated to the junk heap.Try and ask the student who passed an exam in a coursewhat he really knows of that subject matter. We havedone this recently. We were talking about work in thecollege and asked the students what they were learning.What we collected was a totally disorganized, quite unintelligent collection of words and phrases of which thestudents themselves did not know precise meanings,but the course had been passed and justifiably forgotten.More important than all of this, and this I think goesright to my point, is the fact that we have come to teaclfby textbooks. I think American education would beimproved many times overnight if by act of God alltextbooks and manuals were destroyed, if teachers hadto teach their students instead of assigning a text andfollowing the text and examining on the text. Thatagain encourages this simple superficial verbal facilityfor the purpose of passing the kind of examinations thatare indicated by the kind of questions professors ask inthe quiz hour. Textbooks are pre-digested reading.They require no ability on the part of the reader to read.They require him only to be able to follow line afterline and to do some superficial memorizing and whathappens to a mind educated on pre-digested reading iswhat happens to a stomach fed on pre-digested food.It would soon fail to have the natural power by whichit is endowed to exercise its functions. The studentwould have indigestion if he met anything real to read.They have so long been fed on this that nothing thatrequired teeth and mastication is possible for them at all.An education should obviously prepare— and this isa perfectly obvious and oft-repeated thing — for learning.You would not consider yourself educated now if youtook your Bachelor's degree as signifying something inthe past. I am sure you all take your degree as signifying something in the future. An education really meansyou are able to do something else. It isn't a deadweight you carry around with you. Education is a preparation for the difficult task of continuing the life oflearning. Learning out of school is something that isimpossible unless you can read. I would also say insome sense you do not gain admission to literate societyunless you can write and speak well. After you leaveschool and the kind offices of professors who are willingto do something for you, you must seek the right booksand do something with them through powers of yourown and if an education doesn't in some way enable youto do that it isn't worth the money you pay for it. Mysimple point is that in school or out, and in some sensemore importantly out of school, most of our education,or what we learn, comes to us through the avenues ofcommunication. We do learn something by our ownobservation and a few things by thinking them out forourselves, but we learn most of the things we knowthrough the efficacy of great teaching, from those whoare able to communicate in an intelligent and forcefulway and we can only learn from them if we are ableto receive communication — hearing lectures, talking topeople, or reading books which contain knowledge. Inthis sense the art of reading is the primary art whichthe intelligent man must possess. It is the most basic of all the operations which a man of liberal educationshould perform.I choose reading because it is so much more fundamental than writing or speaking. If you cannot readwell you can never learn to write or speak. It is theprimary ability with words which is necessary to go onto these further abilities of active communication involved in writing and speaking. My experience in thelast three or four years in which many of us have beentalking in various places and ways about a liberal education as depending on the basic liberal arts is that mostpeople do. not know what we mean by reading. That iswhy I chose this evening to define as simply as I couldwhat is meant by reading a book. I must say first negatively, reading is not what anybody in the school ofeducation thinks it is. My experience has been whenI talked to professional educators that the art of readingconsists in a study of eye movement or of typographicallayouts. I am not concerned with the mechanics ofoptical apparatus, illumination or ease of sitting chair.I am concerned with the intellectual processes that goon in reading. In a sense what I have to say is goingto be incomplete because I cannot really talk intelligentlyabout the art of reading without the other correlativeaspect — the books to be read. There is no time for that.You cannot teach people to read without giving themgood books to read. As a matter of fact, you can onlylearn to read bad books well if you learn to read goodones. Bad books simply do not have the substance,form, and structure that constitute the challenge to themind to employ these fundamental intellectual processes.It is therefore important that a college education thatconcerns itself with teaching men and women to readand write and speak should also include as its basic subject matter the great books of the western Europeantradition. This you have heard from Mr. Hutchins sooften I need only repeat it. The greatest books aredesirable to the teaching of reading. The teaching ofreading, writing, and speaking are indispensable to thereading of great books. These two things, the classicsand the liberal arts are the indispensable, interpenetrating parts of the liberal education which aims to makemen literate in the sense that our forefathers understoodwhen they founded our colleges for the sake of foundinga literate clergy.Let me only caution you by saying that when we talkabout the classics we do not mean only the ancient ormedieval books but all the books of western Europeanthought — science, philosophy, history, belles lettres,which constitute the masterpieces of our culture. Themarks of these books are so plain that they are neverto be confused with another. There are less than a hundred ; they are always contemporary ; they are the mostcontemporary books ever written. Every one can readthem because they can be read on any level. You cangive them to a child of fourteen or a man of fifty and, they are still the books to be read.Let us consider now the art of reading. I will statethe simplest rules for reading great books and then letyou decide for yourselves in your own consciences howmany books you have read in your life by this standardand lest you think I stand here in a boastful manner,12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINElet me assure you that I know I have read very few bythese standards. One further caution, these are rules.Knowing these rules will not suffice, I ask you to remember the rules of an art must be acquired by habitand habit requires practice. Knowing the rules of driving automobiles is hardly warrant for having a licenseto drive one. Knowing the rules of reading is not thepoint. Having them so much by habit that one performs them in the presence of anything to be masteredintellectually is the point under consideration and toacquire these rules by habit would take all of the fouryears of college, all of the four years of high school.I don't care where it is done, but it cannot be done inone course, in three months or six months or a year.It is so much the center of the whole educational processit would take a whole educational period of four yearsat the end of which a liberal arts degree would be deservedly awarded.The rules are divided into, three parts. First is thepreliminary set of rules, constituting a first reading ofthe book and there is no book you can read once andread it. Any book worth while is always read at leasttwice. This first reading must be accomplished in orderto make the second reading intelligent and possible. Onthis first reading we must do three things at least. First,we must know what kind of a book it is, whether it ishistory, science, a work of philosophy, a work of poetryand you must know this before you begin to read thebook. Many students say, "How can you possibly dothis?" That is because they forget books have titlepages, sub-titles and tables of contents in the preface.Those things are put in to advise the reader what thebook is about in general sufficiently to enable him toknow the line he is entering upon. This is importantsince this evening I am going to give you only halfthe rules of reading because all literature falls into twopartsj— expository, science, history, philosophy, theology,that^intended to give knowledge or wisdom and belleslettres, poetry in the Greek sense — dramatic, epic narration, lyric, stimulating and feeding the imagination.The rules for reading poetry, novels or plays are notthe same as those for reading great treatises in science.At this point we are dealing with expository literature.Let me say one thing about poetry, however. We haveso often had the experience in teaching reading, in having young men come to class when we were reading, forexample, Fielding's Tom Jones and asking them,"Have you read the book?" the answer is, "Oh, I haveread enough to get the idea." That is preposterous withregard to a literary work. Does one say one has heardenough of symphony to get the idea or one has seenenough of a painting to get the idea? A work of artdoesn't exist in idea except in the whole.The second of the preliminary rules for reading expository works is that the reader should be able to sayin one or two sentences what the whole book is about.It is easy with great books and this is why you can'tdo it with bad books. Every great book has a clearunity. You have to grasp the unity of the work bybeing able to say what the whole is about. That is notan easy thing to do but is indispensable to do and whenyou have done this there is a third preliminary step which is the most difficult of the first three. It is thatonce you have said what the whole is about you mustbe able to say — and the whole is accomplished in fiveparts, the first of which does this, the second does this,the third does this, etc. ; and in the first part he movesforward in seven points, of which the first is this, thesecond is this and the first point is made in three ways,one, two, and three, and you should be able to do thatfor the whole book and again if the book is a great bookit will have that kind of organic structure, it will be acomplex whole having many parts which will be orderedand unless you know the order of these parts you do notknow the* book.Now you are prepared to read the book the secondtime to find out what it is really about in sufficient detailto master it adequately. There are four rules of analytical reading at this point and these four are strictlyrules related to the old-fashioned sciences of art andgrammar and logic. This is all grammar and logicshould be; they are concerned with words and the ideasthat words are used to express.First, you ask what are the important words in thistext ? You know as well as I do that every author mustuse a large number of words he shares with his fellowwriters, but no great author could say what he had tosay uniquely unless there were some words especiallyhis ; his own private vocabulary is contained in the smallnumber of words, five or ten, never more than twenty,and when you find them you will find the basic termsof his exposition. These words, far from being the easywords in the text, will be the hard words and that meansthey will be ambiguous, words which the author is mostlikely to use with many shades of meaning, changingtheir meaning, using them in systematic variation andyou must know them as systems of meaning.The second rule grammatically is concerned withsentences and on the logical side with propositions andhere the important thing is for the reader to know whatthe few important sentences are. Again, most greatbooks do not have every sentence of equal weight. Whatare these sentences? They convey the principles, theconclusion, the basic points of assertion or denial thatthe author is making and when you know these you willknow the propositions on which the author's text rests.The third rule, growing grammatically, has to do withparagraphs. Logically that means arguments or conclusions or propositions. There aren't a great many crucialparagraphs. Very often they don't actually come together. Sentences coalesce to form logical units ofthought. These are the basic contentions of the author.You must know these.The fourth step here is the most difficult of all, without which you haven't completed this part of the reading. You must know what problems the author leftunsolved and of these problems you must know whichthe author knew he left unsolved and which he didn'tknow. That is not easy and it will really get under theskin of most authors because most of them do know theproblems left unsolved. The really great ones are thosewho leave problems unsolved, knowing. Then you havecompleted the second reading.The third reading involves six steps. The secondTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 13reading is analytical. The third is critical, when youdecide whether you agree or disagree. Most people takethe third step first. These are the rules of rhetoric, ofgood intellectual manners in conversation and communication and hence, a forteriori, in reading books wherethe author is absent and can't defend himself. The twofirst rules here are really not rules of reading, but arerules of morality, of decency in reading an author. First,in theoretical matters there is no point in winning theargument if you know you are wrong. My lawyerfriends here might say that in practical matters there issome point but that can't go for speculative matters.The second rule is that you cannot say you disagreeuntil you say you understand. Until you say, "I understand what you mean," you are in no position to makeany further judgments whatsoever and it may take manyyears with a great author before you are in that position.I assure you that the juniors in the high schools didn'ttake ten minutes to disagree with the author becausehe didn't seem to agree with the high school teacher ofchemistry. The second rule leads to all the rest. Thebasic obligation you have is to say first of all, "I understand" and if you say "I do not understand," the obligation rests on you to find out. When you read greatbooks the assumption is that the author is intelligent andif you don't understand the fault is yours and you haveevery reason to continue in that assumption until youhave tested it to the last ditch.If, by hard work, you have come to the point whereyou say, "I understand" then you are entitled to sayfour more things critically, and please notice the greatreserve with which these things can be said. You cansay, "I understand, but I think you are uninformed."By that you mean the author lacks some knowledge relevant to the matter at hand. If you dare say that, theobligation is on you to produce the information he lacks.Second, you may say, "I understand. The author is notuninformed; he is misinformed." You are not nowsaying he lacks relevant knowledge, but that which isrelevant isn't knowledge. He holds as true what in factis false and if you are correct his conclusion would bechanged. Your problem is to show he is holding wronginformation. Unless you can do this you are again inno position to make the comment. Third, you can say,"He is not uninformed, he is not misinformed, but heis in error," and that means from right and sufficientpremises he has by some slip drawn the wrong conclusion. This seldom happens in great books but the criticalreader must be prepared to show it clearly. And fourthyou may say, "He is not uninformed ; he is not misinformed ; he is not in error, but his analysis is incom plete." This applies to every author. You ought to beable to say that because it is another way of saying whatproblems are unsolved.In the light of these minimum conditions of readinghow many books have you read? I pause a second tolet you count them. I don't mean all books should bethus read. I do mean a college education in which theexperience of reading a few great books in this way isnot taught is not worth anything. This is a difficultprocess. Reading this way is exhausting. Most of usmost of the time read passively. To read actively thisway is the hardest thing you can do. Thomas Hobbessaid, "If I read as many books as most men I shouldbe as much dull weight as they are." Not to read inthis way creates a blotting-paper mind. I have the feeling that if our colleges produced men thus educated wemight again return somewhere in our public life to thelevel of statesmen like Adams and Jefferson and Madisonand we might have fine writers of political tracts ascogent in their political thinking. If anything it wouldbe this kind of liberal education which would protect usagainst fascism. This is not German education; thishasn't been European education since the end of theSeventeenth Century. Minds thus trained couldn't swallow what came over the radio from the Father Coughlins.Minds thus trained couldn't be swept off their feet. Liberal education in this sense is strictly the only way toprotect and preserve the liberty which we in Americaso value and unless we do something about it I wouldnot be surprised to find us gradually losing the spiritof democracy and liberalism which our founding fathersgave us from the kinds of minds and lives they hadand lived.I mentioned fascism because I know Mr. Hutchinshas been accused of being fascist because he thinkspeople should read books. He is supposed to want togo back to the Dark Ages because he wants people toread books written before the Dark Ages. The DarkAges occurred between the Fifth and Ninth Centuries.The Dark Ages were supposedly dark because librarieswere closed, times were barbarous and except for a rarecorner in Iran or western Spain few monasteries keptthe light of learning burning. We have the most gloriousfacilities, the best equipped laboratories, willing studentbodies, the largest libraries, but if there is coming up asthey were up yesterday and will come up tomorrow ageneration of men and women who cannot read in thesense in which I have just described, the libraries mightjust as well be closed and you might ask yourselveswhether it is not us who are preparing for the DarkAges in the next centuries.COLLEGE ASSOCIATION ELECTION RESULTS— 1938PRESIDENT— 2 YearsJohn Nuveen, Jr., '19 SECOND VICE-PRESIDENT— 2 YearsPhyllis Fay Horton, '15Huntington Henry, '06Katherine Slaught, '09John Nuveen, Jr., '19 EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE— 2 YearsFrank Whiting, '16Marion Mortimer Blend, '16DELEGATES— 3 YearsFrank J. Madden, '20, JD "22Robert Todd McKinlay, '29, JD '32Keith Parsons, *33, JD '37THE CAMPUS DISSENTERIF you've heard charges that "college spirit" is deadat the University of Chicago, you can discount themor prove their irrelevance by merely attending anInterfraternity Sing. Perhaps the spirit is at times dormant, but it is certainly not dead, and this night of climax to the year's activities is as colorful a show asAmerican collegiate bodies can produce. The thrill andtingle along one's spine it arouses was felt this year bysome 18,000 students, alumni, and friends of the University who gathered in Hutchinson Court to see andhear sixteen fraternities compete in the 28th annual sing,to see the induction of the new Aides and Marshals byPresident Hutchins, and to see the presentation of thesenior athlete's blankets by Amos Alonzo Stagg.In the Sing itself, Psi Upsilon was awarded the cupfor Quality of singing, and Delta Kappa Epsilon received the award for Quantity — for numbers attending.And if the I-F Sing climaxes^ the year's activities, perhaps a review of those activities would not be amiss.1937-38 was, I suppose, an "average" year for extracurricular pursuits, if such a description has any significance. Some new activities appeared, and some oldones dropped off ; some grew, some declined ; some madetheir expenses, some ran in the red. The "Rooseveltdepression" was noticeably felt among those studentundertakings which rely on one another and on salesand advertising for their financial support.In dramatics, we find that the Dramatic. Associationsuffered an unfortunate year. Interest was low and attendance at performances discouraging. A deficit appeared on their books at the end of the year. The Mirror show, often a good money-maker, lost. But the outlook for next year is brighter, for a new advisor-directorhas been appointed, and an ambitious new board of student officers is already in action and planning big things.Blackfriars put on another "good show," but experienced difficulty. They, too, had trouble arousing interest and in finding sufficient men to do all the necessarytasks. The audiences were receptive, but small. Herewe undoubtedly see the effects of the "depression."Lower priced seats sold well, but the top $2.20's werea glut on the market. Perhaps it was due to the failureon the part of the Superiors to foresee the money shortage. Perhaps they were overambitious. At any rate,a "good show" ran in the red.Publications fared better in general. Pulse, the magazine, was an innovation, and was well accepted. Circulation was regularly high, contents generally betterthan "acceptable," and advertising sufficient. So Pulsehad a successful year.The Daily Maroon was the campus problem child.Often characterized as an ad-sheet and pamphlet, itseditorial columns created much controversy. Thoughcharged with mis-emphasis in its meagre news columns,it stuck to its policy throughout the year, was anythingbut a rah-rah college paper, and was widely read. Its • By HERBERT (BUD) LARSON '38editor, Bill McNeill, was generally acclaimed to be the"man of the year" as campusites paid tribute to his accomplishments, even though most of them did not agreewith his policies. Financially, the Maroon was on top.The Cap & Gozvn appeared in smaller size, but witha^ pattern more along the lines students have been clamoring for in a yearbook — a picture book. Thoughoften complimented for producing a "fine book," Cap &Gown experienced a bad year financially. It felt thebusiness slump both in reduced advertising and in a falling off of sales. Though its books are not yet closed,it will probably do no better than break even financially.The Chapel Union grew during the year to a positionof one of the largest and most active of student organizations. Its activities were reviewed last month in thismagazine. Suffice it to say that the Chapel Union hasbeen surprisingly successful. And the American Student Union, the other large and diversified group, haslikewise rolled along with uninterrupted and steadygrowth.Of the new groups, the Political Union is probablythe most prominent. Organized to promote politicaldiscussion and interest among University students, itsleaders patterned it after old and well established andrespected Unions at other schools, notably Yale andOxford.The senior class was quite active. Its initiative wassurprisingly great. I believe it justified the existenceof class organization at a school where such unity is nowalmost a forgotten item. Following a much ballyhooedelection at the start of the Winter Quarter, the class of'38 immediately started doing things. It raised moneyfor its gift by a highly successful Senior Prom, and bypacking Mandel Hall for the Hutchins-Melby debate oneducation. Its greatest achievement, however, was inthe Campus Congress it sponsored, where two consecutive week ends small groups met in round table discussions to try to talk out, to solve the problems of courseb,administration, university services, and extra curricularactivities from a student viewpoint. At general sessionsresolutions were passed on points agreed on at thesmaller discussions, and those resolutions were presentedto the officials of the University for appropriate consideration and action. A Campus Congress continuationscommittee was set up, and the same procedure will beattempted at future times. It is undoubtedly a step inthe right direction.And again this year, scores of active organizationsare recognized by the Office of the Dean of Students.Many, as the Film Society, the Campus Newsreel, thepolitical groups, religious groups, etc., are necessarilyomitted from the above review for lack of space. Butit is evident that many student activities still flourishon campus, and that 1937-38 was a busy, active, and"average" year for them.14A CLEAN SWEEP IN TENNISCarrying on a Chicago TraditionONE of the many accomplishments of which supporters of athletic traditions at the Universitycan boast is this:Conference Tennis Team Championships:Chicago 22 All other schools 21This year the 1938 team established a season's recordunusual for even Chicago which has starred in the sportsince 1896, a record that never can be excelled. Forat the end of the Conference tournament the varsityteam had scored 27 out of a possible 27 points, a cleansweep. In addition the team was undefeated in its ninedual matches, shutting out opponents eight times andwinning the other match 8-1. This left a season's record of 105 individual matches won and 1 lost.The records, however, show many good years in thepast, and it might be well to look back and see who wasresponsible for establishing this tennis victory traditionat our Alma Mater. In 1896 William Scott Bond startedthings going the right way by winning the Conferencesingles championship and then the doubles championshipwith C. B. Neal. The next year Bond played with P.Rand with the same results : titles in both singles anddoubles. Tennis titles subsequently came to Chicagowith slight interruption through the efforts of suchchampions as the MacQuiston brothers, Gottlieb, Gar-nett, Gray, Ross, Alex Squair, Green, Lindauer, andPike before the war; then by Siegal, Vories, Frankenstein, Stagg, Jr., Wilson, George Lott, Calohan, Rex-inger, Davidson, Weiss, Bickel, and Burgess in morerecent years. Of this group George Lott undoubtedlyis our all-time number one man, being a Davis Cupteam member while competing for the University.The squad this year is worthy of the tradition it hasinherited, and some of these boys should receive nationalrecognition comparable to that gained by our stars offormer years.When winter practice began the first week in January, the squad did not figure to be as strong as the1937 championship team had been. The loss of Bickeland Burgess, our national ranking doubles team, couldbe offset only by the added experience of the returningplayers and the acquisition of a strong crop of sophomores. The veterans were headed by William Murphy,ranked number one in the Middle West; Chester Murphy, number two ; John Shostrom, number five and captain; and John Krietenstein, a steady player but un-ranked because sickness kept him out of action duringthe latter part of the 1937 tournament season. Themost probable replacements for the first team were Arthur Jorgensen and Charles Shostrom, both ranked inthe first eleven in the city and both tournament playersof much experience.The Junior Davis Cup play, held at the conclusionof the winter practice session, came out as expected withBill Murphy winning and Chet the runner-up. John • By WALTER H. HEBERT, '29, Coach of TennisShostrom, however, was compelled to drop out toundergo a tonsillectomy before he had a chance to playeither of the Murphys. Our lineup at the start of thespring looked as follows: (1) Bill Murphy, (2) ChetMurphy, (3) John Shostrom, (4) Jorgensen, (5) Krietenstein, and (6) C. Shostrom. Captain Shostrom thenproceeded to upset these plans by playing such a superior brand of tennis in practice that he merited a chanceto meet the Murphys for the honor of being our candidate to win the Conference championship. (The Conference tournament, as now run off in divisions, affordsonly one man from each institution a chance to win thetitle.)A round robin was held, starting April 27, betweenour three leading players, and in the first match JohnShostrom defeated Bill Murphy 6-1, 4-6, 6-1. AfterBill had rallied to take the second set it looked like hismatch, but Shostrom came back with a great exhibitionof tennis to win out. The next day Shostrom defeatedChet Murphy in an even greater thriller, 10-8, 6-2, afterbeing down many set points in the first set. This automatically made John our number one man, an honor herichly deserved and a just reward for his invincible determination and sound tactical tennis sense. Chet beatBill in a family affair for the number two position thefollowing day. ^As soon as the matter of our first three rankings hadbeen satisfactorily cleared up, the younger Shostromupset things by losing a match to Jim Atkins of Tulsa,Oklahoma, a sophomore and a man of first team caliber.A week later, however, Charley turned the tables onAtkins in such a manner as to clinch for himself thenumber six position.By this time we had already won an early seasonmatch with Western State Teachers College of Kalamazoo, Michigan, 9-0. Bill Murphy, at that time playing number one, had defeated a class A player, MiltonReuhl, in straight sets. The first Conference match withIowa went the same way with Captain Shostrom beating Fleming, one of the better men in the Conference,in decisive fashion. The Iowa team won an average ofless than one game a set in the eighteen sets played.A trip to Notre Dame ended 9-0 in our favor, andthen came the first match with Northwestern — alwaysour stiffest competition. John Shostrom indicated thathe was the correct choice for number one by beatingWachman, a really outstanding player, 6-3, 6-2. ChetMurphy beat the number two man, Froehling, withoutthe loss of a game. The other boys won handily withone exception, and that was in the number four divisionwhere Art Jorgensen took our only defeat of the seasonby losing to Clifford 6-3, 9-7. This defeat probablycaused Art more grief than any upset he has ever encountered. During the balance of the season he wasinvariably introduced in tennis circles as our losing1516 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEstreak and the fellow who lost the match ! Our doublesteams by this time had settled into their regular lineupand all won easily, the Murphys playing number one,John Shostrom and Jorgensen number two, and Krie-tenstein and C. Shostrom number three.Michigan was encountered next in a Field Housematch, but afforded little resistance. The return matchwith Northwestern came close to being a too expensivevictory, as John Shostrom sprained his ankle severely,removing himself from competition for an importantone-week period. In this return match with Wachman,John played the longest and fightingest match of hiscareer, rallying to win over Wachman's nine matchpoints against him. The scores of this four hour matchwere 4-6, 13-11, 9-7. John started poorly, and Wachman looked like a sure winner after the first set. Johncontinued without much success until Wachman hadmatch point on him. Then Shostrom became reallytough and refused to lose. Eventually John got the leadat 12-11 and 40 love, but as set victory seemed sure asharp shot at the net by Wachman necessitated John'smaking a quick change of direction, and this ended in asprained ankle. After a little first aid and rest we advisedJohn to default, since the match was not importantenough to risk further injury, but John said, "Coach, 1want to finish this ; I think I've got that guy licked !" Wecouldn't see much cause for optimism with a bad ankle,a worthy, hard-fighting opponent, and a long third setahead, but John wanted to try it so went forth to battlethrough 16 games on one leg to win a 9-7 victory. Bythis time all the other matches had been completed withthe exception of one doubles. The Captain unable todo his turn at doubles, Atkins substituted with Jorgensen and rounded out the first shutout over Northwesternsince 1933. Jorgensen had redeemed himself nicely bydefeating his earlier nemesis, Clifford, 6-1, 7-9, 6-2.That week-end we took our long trip of the season toWisconsin and Minnesota. Atkins went along in JohnShostrom's place and performed handsomely, helping usto whitewash both teams. Illinois was encountered inthe last dual match. The Illini wished to make a bettershowing than the other teams we had met and broughtonly five men to play five singles and two doubles, thescore therefore ending only 7-0.The Conference tournament was held at Northwesternand proved a disappointment to the hosts. We not onlywon all the championships available but took the tournament away from them the second day and played thematches in our Field House because of rainy weather.John Shostrom's ankle had by this time received expertattention and was in pretty fair shape. He made shortwork of McCoy of Illinois and Fleming of Iowa in thepreliminary rounds. In the finals Wachman was thereto contest the championship everyone felt John deserved.After winning the first set 6-3 with Wachman a littleunsteady, John got up to the net, where he was invincible, and took the second set 6-4. The match was closerthan the scores indicate, but by this win John becamethe seventeenth man to win a Conference singles championship for the University of Chicago. In the otherfinals Chet Murphy defeated Sandler of Iowa 6-3, 6-0to win the number two championship ; Bill Murphy beat O'Neil of Northwestern 6-0, 6-3 for the number threetitle; Jorgensen beat Clifford of Northwestern 4-6, 6-2,6-1 at number four; Krietenstein won from Levy ofMinnesota 6-3, 6-2; and Charley Shostrom shut outMoore of Minnesota for a clean sweep in singles. Whenwe complimented Charley on his quick victory, he cameback with, "I had to hurry it up so I could see Johnplay for the championship." This was typical of theunanimous feeling on the squad that John's battle forthe singles title was also theirs.In doubles the Murphys encountered real trouble withWachman and Froehling of Northwestern. They finallycame through 5-7, 6-4, 7-5 to become the twentieth teamto win a doubles championship for us, a title we havelost only twice in the last ten years. John Shostrom andJorgensen were a cinch in the second doubles finalwinning from O'Neil and Owen of Northwestern 6-1,6-0. Krietenstein and C. Shostrom won from the thircfNorthwestern team 6-3, 6-4. The Conference endedwith the leading team standings : Chicago 27, Northwestern 13^, Minnesota 6, Ohio State 4j^.We are now looking forward to the sectional tryoutsfor the National Collegiate Tournament to be held -herethe last week in June. Twelve men will be qualifiedfrom this district, and we hope to be able to send allsix of our regulars East on the fourth of July to meetthe leading college players of the country.It is always a pleasure to work with a winning team,but it is an exceptional pleasure to have on such a teamboys as well liked in the tennis world as ours. Muchcredit for our success the last three years should go toMax Davidson, '35, Assistant Coach, one of the bestanalysts of tennis play in the city.* * *SCORES IN OTHER SPORTSChicago 3; Wisconsin 0Chicago 3; Wisconsin 2Chicago 0; Notre Dame 5Chicago 4; Purdue 7Chicago S; Illinois 10Chicago 6; Iowa 14Chicago 0; Iowa 6Chicago 8; Purdue 6Chicago 0; Northwestern 9Chicago 10; Northwestern 9(Eighth in Final Standing)Golf _Chicago Sy2; Notre Dame 18^Chicago 12; Ohio State 15Chicago iy2; Iowa 22y2Chicago 6y2 ; Wisconsin 17 y2Chicago 9y2 ; Purdue 8y2Chicago 10; Northwestern 17(Tenth in Conference Meet)TrackChicago 72 ; Northern (111.) State Teachers 58Chicago Siy2; Western (Mich.) State Teachers 49^Chicago 49%; Penn State 76y3Chicago 64 ; Northwestern 62(Tied for seventh in Conference Meet)IN MY OPINIONBy FRED B. MILLETT, PhD'31, Visiting Professor of English, Wesleyan UniversityI HAVE recently read a book. I should probablynever have read it if I had not had the audacity toassign it, sight unseen, for class discussion. Theimpulse to read it had not, to be sure, been lacking. Ihad long known that Thomas Mann's Buddenbrooks wasan excellent novel, but I had noted its size with a sigh,and had thought of it as one of thoseponderously circumstantial genealogical novels of which the twentieth century has been so prolific since LouisCouperus' Books of the Small Souls(1901-03) and Galsworthy's The Forsyte Saga (1906-22). 1 suppose thatit was Mann's visit to Wesleyan thatawakened my slightly somnolent interest in this book, and prompted itsinclusion in my course in the contemporary European novel. Once assigned, it had to be read, although Ihave lectured with creative glibnesson more than one masterpiece hastilyscrutinized. But, in this case, thereading has proved so completely engrossing and delightful that I cannotdesist from publicizing my enthusiasm for this fine novel.In conversation here recently, Mann told somethingof his experience in writing this, his first novel. At theage of twenty-three, he had already written and published a volume of short stories. The reading of theDe Goncourts' Renee Mauperin, while he was visitinghis brother Heinrich in Rome, stirred in him the wonderas to whether or not he might write a novel. Hedecided upon a subject, read in preparation some Russian and Scandinavian novels of family-life, worked upthe historical details of the economic life of a famousLiibeck family, and began to write. To his amazement,he found that the book grew as with a will of its own.In the evenings he read the finished chapters to hisfamily, who were deeply amused by the reminiscences oftheir own lives. None of them dreamed that the bookwould find a publisher. But while Mann was doing hiscompulsory military service and painfully trying to learnthe goose-step, he sent the huge manuscript off to S.Fischer, the publisher of his short stories. Fischer suggested cutting the manuscript down by half. Mann refused, and Buddenbrooks was first published in 1901 intwo rather expensive volumes. It did not meet withmuch critical enthusiasm, and sold slowly. Only whenFischer published it in a less expensive single volumedid the book begin to find a large public. In Germanyalone, where its sale is now prohibited, it has sold a million and a half copies, and it has been translated intomost of the languages of western Europe.Buddenbrooks is the lovingly elaborated story of thedecline and fall of a great mercantile family in Liibeck,FRED B. MILLETTthe ancient Hanseatic city about thirteen miles from themouth of the Trave. Treating intensively the periodfrom 1835 to the end of the eighteen-seventies, it coversthe lives of three generations of the Buddenbrook family, the descendants of Johann Buddenbrook, himselfthe offspring of a family that had moved from Rostockto Liibeck at the beginning of theeighteenth century. The major characters are the grandchildren ofJohann — Thomas, Christian, and An-tonie — and his single male greatgrandchild, Thomas's son, Hanno. Atthe beginning of the novel, in 1835,the fortune of the Buddenbrooks is atits peak, a point of prominence emphasized by the crowded house-warminggiven on the occasion of the family'staking up residence in the house inMeng Street, built, characteristically,around a courtyard, and furnishingample quarters for three generationsof Buddenbrooks, their dependents,and servants. But each succeedinggeneration proves less suited physically and psychologically to sustain the burden of thename and fortune of the family. Toward the end of theseventies, Hanno, the only male heir of the patriarch ofthe novel, dies ; the business is liquidated ; the Buddenbrook houses are sold, and the tale reaches its melancholy conclusion.Like Galsworthy's Forsyte Saga, Buddenbrooks isemphatically a family-novel, and it is of interest to notethe devices by which Mann has kept the family motif thefocus of the seemingly sprawling structure of the history of the group. Perhaps the most obvious, thoughcertainly a potent, device of integration is the identification of the family with the great house in Meng Street,across the square from St. Mary's Church. The houseis the center of the life, not merely of the members ofthe immediate family, but of the branches of the familyin distant cities, and of the numerous poor relations anddependents. The house is the scene of rituals sumptuously performed in connection with family and religiouscelebrations. As the family declines, more and more ofthe outlying parts of the house fall into disuse and decay.The family is so completely identified with the housethat the decision to sell it to a triumphant upstart merchant, after the death of the matriarch, Frau ConsulElizabeth Kroger Buddenbrook, has a significance thatis poignant, not merely for the family, but for the sympathetic reader. A perhaps less obvious device of integration is that of the family records, which are brought outon every important occasion and which play a specialpart in the life of Antonie (Tony) in the event of herbetrothals, marriages, and divorces, and in the scene1718 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEwhere little Hanno, the last of the line, only half conscious of the meaning of his act, closes the family accountby cancelling the page at the end of which his name appears alone.But it is the family as Idea that is the most powerfulintegrating device in this novel, for all the members ofthe family are consciously aware of it, not merely as abiological entity, but as a moral and spiritual ideal. Itis to the integrity of the family in its personal, social, andeconomic relations that Thomas Buddenbrook sacrificeshis bodily health and his spiritual comfort. It is thereputation of the family that is Tony's criterion for estimating the significance of her own wilful and unluckyacts. It is by disloyalty to the family or by an incapacityto sustain the burdens it imposes that Christian andThomas's son, Hanno, measure the extent of the col-*lapse of the family morale.For Mann is as concerned with the forces that bringabout the disintegration of the Buddenbrooks as he iswith those that make for the preservation of itsintegrity. Perhaps a more mature writer than Mannwas when he created this book would have motivated the decline and fall of the family a little moresatisfactorily. For, if there is a weak link in the chainof motivation, it is the relation between the economicimpairment of the family fortune and the subtler causesof disintegration. Mann, to be sure, makes it perfectlyclear that the Buddenbrooks were on the down-grade,both physically and psychologically. Their biologicaldeterioration is described with almost clinical precisionand detail. Before our eyes, the process of extinctionof the family name takes place, for Christian's onlydaughter is illegitimate, Tony has only a daughter anda grand-daughter, Clara dies childless, and Hanno, theonly male heir, dies in his teens. The stigmata of deterioration become more and more conspicuous in inherited physical traits and weaknesses. And the physical deterioration has its psychological parallels. Furthermore, the process of physical and psychological deterioration keeps pace exactly with the degree to whichone member of the family after another fails to measureup to the service of its mercantile ideal. The final causeof the family's fall my indeed be said to be an increasingly overt rebellion against the inadequacies of thatideal. The rebellion is least conspicuous in Thomas,though his sense of the limitations of the ideal makeshim not merely a less devoted and expert servant of itbut an increasingly unhappy man because of the conflict in him. His brother Christian's revolt takes theform not only of economic irresponsibility but of neuroticsymptoms of physical and mental ill-health. On thepositive side, his semi-artistic, anti-bourgeois nature ismanifest in his passion for spinning interminable, talltales of his adventures in the New World and in hisresponse to the fascinations of the theater and its denizens. But it is in Thomas's son, Hanno, that the creativeimpulse of the artist burns clearest in a sensitive andfragile physique. The tragic fate of the Buddenbrookfamily, then, results fundamentally from the conflict between the mercantile and the aesthetic impulses.But such solemn considerations should not permit one to forget that Buddenbrooks is one of the most easilyreadable of long novels. Its readability depends verylargely on its lucid objectivity, the ease with which itsauthor moves freely over the surface of his family history. But it would be erroneous to describe the novelas superficial, although it certainly lacks the depths beyond depths of The Magic Mountain. It is rather thatMann has been completely successful in communicatinghis reading of his characters in an almost purely dramatic form. In consequence, pageant-like scenes likethe initial house-warming and the Frau Consul's lastChristmas festivities, and certain crisis scenes in thelives oPone or another generation persist fondly in thememory. There is only one passage in the book thatrequires "thought," namely the scene where ThomasBuddenbrook, moving relentlessly toward death, findsa momentary consolation in the philosophy of pessimism.The most heart-warming features of the novel areprobably the characterizations of Tony and her nephewHanno. Nothing that life can do to Tony can breakher spirit. Neither deaths nor disasters, such as thebankruptcy of her first husband, the clumsy infidelity ofher second, or the criminality of her son-in-law, havea more than momentary effect on that pert, wilful, impulsive, eternally child-like spirit. Her fate is sad, but,luckily, she enjoys the drama of its sadness, and findssome ready consolation in it. Hanno is the most completely pathetic figure in the book. His illnesses and hishatred of school, his boyhood friendship and his passionfor music, all deepen the pathos of this doomed child'sbrief life. In him, the impulse toward death is strongerthan the impulse toward creative life.It is more than a coincidence that both Tony andHanno should find their most lyrical happiness at theseaside resort Travemunde. For Mann himself haswritten : "The brightest hours of my youth were thosesummer holidays at Travemunde on the Baltic bay : withtheir mornings spent bathing from the beach, their afternoons, almost passionately loved, by the steps of thebandstand opposite the gardens of the hotel." It is outof this beguiling experience that Mann has written theidyl of Tony and young Morten and has composed themost happily poetic passage in the book: "There weredays on which the north-east wind filled the bay withdark green floods, covered the beach with seaweed, mussels, and jelly-fish, and threatened the bathing-huts. Theturbid, heavy sea was covered far and wide with foam.The mighty waves came on in awful, awe-inspiringcalm, and the under side of each was a sharp metallicgreen; then they crashed with an ear-splitting roar,hissing and thundering along the sand. There wereother days when the west wind drove back the sea for along distance, exposing a gently rolling beach and nakedsand-banks everywhere, while the rain came down intorrents. Heaven, earth, and sea flowed into each other,and the driving wind carried the rain against the panesso that not drops but rivers flowed down, and madethem impossible to see through. . . . And there werestill other days, dreamy, blue, windless, broodinglywarm, when the blue flies buzzed in the sun above theLeuchtenfield, and the sea lay silent and like a mirror,without Stir or breath."THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 19Not the least of the interests aroused by Buddenbrooks is the extrinsic interest of its relationship toMann's personal history. From what Mann has told hisadmirers of his life, it is possible to discover numerousautobiographical elements in this genealogical fiction.In the first place, Liibeck, the scene of the novel(though its name is never mentioned), is the city whereMann spent the first two decades of his life. This setting is realized in the most loving detail. The nameBuddenbrook itself is that of an old mercantile familywhose house is still pointed out to tourists. The streetsand churches, the wharves and storehouses, the canalsand shipping, the city gates and parks, the Town Halland the markets, are described with painstaking accur-racy and vividness. But Mann's relationship to the storyis still more intimate. To a very considerable extent thehistory of the Buddenbrooks is the history of the Mannfamily in Liibeck. As Thomas Buddenbrook and hiswife Gerda were drawn from the models of Mann'sfather and his beautiful and talented Portuguese- Creole-German mother, so their son, Hanno, is in large part,Thomas Mann as a child. In that poignant portraitMann has drawn his own antipathy for school, his pas sion for the music of Wagner, and his great delight inthe summer holidays at Travemunde. Mann's intellectual interests also crop out strikingly in the roleSchopenhauer plays in preparing Thomas Buddenbrook for death. As Mann said, "I made him a presentof my interest in Schopenhauer."But, unlike Hanno, Thomas Mann developed from asensitive neurotic child into a great creative artist. Inanother fictional re-incarnation, that of Tonio Kroger,in the short story of that name, Mann has traced thelines of that emergence, of the triumphant conclusion ofthe conflict of the burgher and the artist, in himself, atriumph measured by his magnificent stories and tales,his illuminating critical studies, and the supreme creations of The Magic Mountain and Joseph and HisBrothers. Not the least measure of his spiritual greatness is the terms in which he announced his voluntaryexile from a Germany completely alien to his spirit. Thegreatest tribute paid America in our time is ThomasMann's recent announcement that he is applying forcitizenship in this dispirited but still operative democracy. By that act, he gives even the humblest of us ashare in the magnanimity of his own soul.CHICAGO'S CHAMPION TENNIS SQUAD SCORES 27 OUT OF 27 POSSIBLE POINTS IN THEBIG TEN TOURNAMENTBad Row: Coach Hebert, James Atkins, John Shostrom, Anton Furmankski, Norman SvendsonFront Row: Arthur Jorgenson, Bill Murphy, John Krieten stein, Chet Murphy, Charles Shostrom, Max Davidson.REUNION RAMBLESWHEN Reunion Chairman John William Chapman stepped to the Mandel Hall microphoneon Tuesday afternoon, May 31, to welcome theAlumni "students" to the third annual Alumni Schoolhe faced almost twice as many first day registrants asdid Reunion Chairman Benjamin Franklin Bills in 1937.By the end of the week the School, which had been anexperiment in 1936 (711 registrations), grew to morethan four times its original size. The 3,000 registrantsaveraged more than two sessions apiece (total attendance record: 7,700).* * *Milton E. Robinson, Jr., who worked so hard for thesuccess of the first two Alumni Schools and was in themidst of the ambitious plans for this year when he diedat his telephone six weeks before the 1938 sessionsopened, would have been pleased with the manner inwhich Benjamin Franklin Bills succeeded him as director of the School. A resolution of appreciation andsympathy was sent to Mrs. Milton E. Robinson, Jr., bymembers of this year's School.jjs * *The largest dinner attendance was Friday eveningwhen 440 diners crowded into Hutchinson Commons tohear Paul Douglas (Economics) give his reasons forexpecting another European war within three years.(An additional 250 heard the talk via loud speakers inMandel Hall.)Germany's march across the Czechoslovakian borderand the probable beginning of a new European war wastemporarily halted when Hitler glanced behind him anddiscovered a nervous Frenchman flanked by a Britishlion and a Russian bear looking a little too firmly in hisdirection. Mr. Douglas now expects Hitler to adopt amore subtle plan of Czech-mating and absorbing a section at a time on his march through Hungary and Roumania to the Black Sea — while Mussolini is making ..theMediterranean an all-Italian sea. ¦Unchecked success would eventually bring Hitlerback to the French border and the country which heopenly admits is and always will be Germany's deadliestenemy. Stacked somewhere in this deck of German andItalian intrigue is another European war. Constantshuffling will bring it to the top of the pack sooner orlater — within three; years, Mr. Douglas calculates.* * *The Friday night dinner crowd was merely a forewarning of the evening influx of those interested in foreign affairs. They overflowed from Mandel, to the Reynolds Club, to the corridor to hear Pulitzer Prize winner Bernadotte E. Schmitt (History) discuss the British attitude toward European politics: ("The Britishpublic has become utterly pacifist and in spite of the tremendous advertising campaign conducted by the war department ... it was able to enlist . . . only 447 men forthe army in the space of three months") and American • By HOWARD W. MORT, Editor, Tower TopicsCitizen Giuseppe A. Borgese (Italian Literature) : "TheMarch of Fascism": ("Fascism is the substitution ofthe idea of power for the idea of justice. ... If Europeand Asia go Fascist ... the target of envy and hatredwill be the United States.")* * *Snatches from a few of the speeches :JAMES WEBER LINN ("The Amateur in Politics") : "The campaign consisted, in my case, of 168meetings and speeches ... six speeches a day. ... I got44,682 votes, about 5,000 ahead of my nearest opponent,and a larger number of votes than was ever cast in anyprimary for any candidate for any office on any ticketin the Fifth District."ALFRED E. EMERSON ("Our Social Superiors— the Termite") :".... the soldier has a gland insidethe head which exudes a sticky fluid which is projectedwith great force and literally 'gums up' the enemy withglue. ... I have never seen an anti-social act by theseinsects (but) I have not found incorporated into theirsociety a sense of humor."HARRY A. GIDEONSE ("Confusion and Chaos inAmerican Education") : ". . . . those who want to impose some ism . . . will, for instance, discuss the ideasof Aristotle and Plato about intellectual education without telling you that, after all, the young men who wentthrough that education were young men who had a veryhealthy program of physical education also and thatenormous emphasis was placed on music, aesthetics, andrhythm . . . schools should begin to think of other thanintellectual responsibilities . ' 'QUINCY WRIGHT ("Collective Security in theWorld Crisis") : "I suppose when you hear 'collectivesecurity' you think of the League of Nations which isdesigned to be the palladium of collective security andits principal instrument. Thinking of that I thought itmight be worth while to take the most recent monthlysummary of the League which I received in the mail thismorning, the summary for April, to find out what theLeague is doing about collective security. . . ."The main title on the outside of this document is thepreparation of a European conference on rural life. Thetable of contents includes:A Meeting of the Committee of Veterinary ExpertsThe Road Traffic Committee on Signals at LevelCrossingsThe Legal Status of WomenThe Committee on Traffic in Opium *-*The Committee of Experts on Slavery . . .I don't want to suggest this is typical . . . but it doessuggest that the League and collective security for thetime being cease to be the main road for the solution ofimportant political problems of Europe . . . [although]states are far more interested in security than they are20THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 21in prosperity. . . ." and will gladly sacrifice butter forcannons. ^ ^ ^The Thursday afternoon reception at the QuadrangleClub honoring Coach and Mrs. Amos Alonzo Stagg keptthem smiling and shaking hands with old friends fortwo solid hours until Coach Stagg was due to attendthe C Banquet in Hutchinson Commons where he wasthe speaker of the evening. The largest attendance ofC men in the history of this banquet welcomed "TheGrand Old Man" back to his place at the speakers' tableafter an absence of four years.* * *Harlan Orville ("Pat") Page, who hasn't missed histurn in the pitcher's box at a Varsity- Alumni game sincehe marched across a temporary Convocation platform atBartlett Gymnasium in the spring of 1910, pitched his28th consecutive game on Thursday afternoon. The 5to 1 Alumni victory made it 27 for the Alumni. Lastyear the Alumni lost to the Varsity for the first time inPat's history.On Saturday morning, May 28, 1910, the Daily Maroon editorialized : "The events today witness the passing of one of the greatest all around athletes that hasever passed out of the portals of the University, OrvillePage. Quarterback and captain of the 1909 footballteam, winning a 'place on Walter Camp's All- American ;star guard on the basketball team, and the main staytwirler on the Varsity ball team, with none better in theconference, Pat Page has won wide distinction and popularity in athletics."His curly head had always been seen in the thickestof the fight and has remained there to the tap of thegong. With his scrappiness go the honesty and goodnature which should crown every athlete's work. Todayis the last appearance oi Pat Page on Marshall Field inMaroon colors." (The game with Wisconsin was won3 to 0.)Fourteen days later, at the Interscholastics Banquet,Pat was presented with a gold watch on the back andon the inside of which were engraved these messages :"We shall miss you, Pat" ; "To Harlan Orville Pagefrom his friends and admirers at the University of Chicago" ; and Pat's athletic record.Replacing the numerals on the face of this watch werethe faces of the nine captains of the varsity teams inwhich Pat played: Basketball — Bill Georgen, JohnSchommer, Art Hoffman; Football — Leo De Tray,Wally Steffen, Pat Page; Baseball — Fred Gaarde,"Babe" Meigs, Joe Pegues. At figure 11 was BasketballCoach Raycroft, at 12 the picture of President Judson,and at 1 Amos Alonzo Stagg, coach of football and baseball. The watch is still keeping perfect time.One other habit Pat, Senior, has never broken is thatof working each summer with the Cubs and Sox as awarm-up pitcher while they are on their home lots.* * *During the Reunion Week six beautifully colored woodcuts done by Cyrus LeRoy Baldridge, '11, were hungin the Reynolds Club and attracted a good deal of attention. Many Alumni in attendance at the School personally knew Roy when he, was drawing cartoons forthe Maroon and other student publications. These pictures are a part of a collection of eighty colored prints lent to the Reynolds Club by Trustee andformer Club officer, Ernest E. Quantrell. There aresome forty Currier and Ives prints in this collection including a number of brilliant flaming Chicago firescenes. The pictures brighten the dark paneled wallsof the lounges. Mr. Quantrell also recently lent theClub five large oil paintings which included "The Big-Water" by Frederick J. Waugh, N. A., the paintingthat was awarded the popular prize at the 1936 CarnegieInternational Exhibition in Pittsburgh.* * *Saturday, Reunion day, was a real climax to the week.The alumnae persisted in eating their annual breakfastat 12:30 P. M. in the Cloister Club, were forced to turnaway many who came to hear Mrs. Edith FosterFlint, '97, retiring from the English Department thisyear. Elsewhere on the campus the classes of 1916 and1917 were having their annual luncheon preparatory totheir traditional baseball game, which '17 won.One group, however, managed to arise early enoughfor breakfast at the conventional hour. More than onehundred Regional Advisers and Club Delegates met inJudson Court at 9, were stimulated by their coffee toconfer all morning long. At this Eighth Annual AlumniConference, the University, with Frederic Woodward,and the Trustees, in the persons of Harold H. Swift, '07,Paul S. Russell, '15, Paul G. Hoffman, '12, were wellrepresented. Neil F. Sammons, '17, presided.* sfc sjcFollowing a forum by nine students on undergraduateactivities, and preceding the annual address of the President of the University at the Alumni Assembly Saturdayafternoon, Arthur A. Baer, Chairman of the Class GiftCommittee, presented a bronze plaque to the University.To a sympathetic audience he spoke the feelings of theWar Class:"President Hutchins and friends of the University:"In June of 1918 clouds of war hung over the civilized world, and cast their shadow even on the campusof the University of Chicago. Many undergraduateshad already gone into government service, and many ofus who received our degrees on the eleventh of June,1918, had already enlisted."All individual effort was concentrated and caughtup in the nation's resolve, and a depleted class might notmake the traditional gift to its Alma Mater."Today, twenty years after, the class of 1918 offersto the University a bronze memorial plaque, of whichthis is an architect's rough drawing, dedicated 'in grateful memory to the men of the University who gave theirlives in the Great War, 1914 to 1918.' The plaquewhen finished will be mounted on the wall of Rockefeller Chapel, where all who pass may read and learn.A dedication ceremony will be held on Armistice Day,1938."It is somehow fitting that the War Class should givethe War Memorial, and we give it with the earnest hopethat the sound principles of liberalism in education, democracy in government, and commonsense in economicsmay soon create a world in which it will no longer benecessary to erect plaques to men who died in war."NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESTHE last nine years have been, as everyone isaware, years of economic depression. But in thosenine years — which cover the span of PresidentHutchins' administration — the University has receivedpayment of approximately $52,000,000 in gifts. In noequivalent length of time since the University wasfounded has it received so large an amount. From 1920to 1929 the total of gifts paid in was approximately$30,000,000. Most of the fifty-three millions has comein large grants or gifts, and it has come from such* informed givers as the foundations and possessors of largefortunes. They gave the money to the University ofChicago because they were convinced that the University could make the most productive use of it. The onlyunsatisfactory aspect of this great total of gifts is thatapproximately $47,500,000 was for specific purposes,and only $4,250,000 was unrestricted. Money whichcan be spent as the needs of the general program indicate is the most valuable. Sometimes gifts for specificpurposes require an extension of the University's activities. These new activities are important, but they arenot always relatively as valuable as some others whichalready are being carried on and need increased support.Or other new activities than those specified may be desirable. The most useful, as well as the largest, of thesingle gifts in the total was that of $3,000,000 made bythe General Education Board at the end of 1936, for itwas one which could be used as the University determined.Last month the Rockefeller Foundation announcedthat it would give $1,500,000 if the University couldraise $500,000 in three years. While the effort is beingmade to obtain the matching money, the Foundation willprovide $60,000 a year, the equivalent of the income onthe $1,500,000. This grant, and the three-year incomegrant, is to be used for endowment of research in thebiological sciences. The Foundation has been supporting this basic research since 1929, and the gift is intended to place the work on a permanent basis. Thisis support for work which the University wants to do,and which it is able to do.APPOINTMENT OF FRANCKMedical research is a far-flung, cooperative enterprise,and the study of disease now engages the physicist, thechemist, the botanist, as well as the clinician. That factwas dramatically shown when the University recentlyappointed a Nobel prize winner in physics, Dr. JamesFranck, professor of physical chemistry to study theprocesses of the growth of the cell, which is the fundamental unit of living matter. Dr. Franck, who workedin Germany until 1933, won the Nobel Prize for research on the energy exchange between electrons andmolecules. He pioneered in the field of sensitized photochemical processes/ those chemical reactions in whichenergy from light is picked up from one molecule and • By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20. JD '22passed along to another. The University wants Dr.Franck because of its interest in cancer research ; if thenormal processes of cell growth can be determined, thenthere is hope that the cause of abnormal growth can befound.The use of a physicist for a biological study is an interesting illustration of the modern approach to researchproblems. The source of the funds which enabled theUniversity to appoint Dr. Franck is interesting, for itindicates the national character of Chicago's support.The Samuel S. Fels Fund, founded by Mr. Samuel S.Fels of Philadelphia, a foundation which hitherto hasnot given the University funds, thought the study important enough to pledge $212,000 to pay the salary ofDr. Franck, his technical assistants, and the cost of hisresearch equipment and materials. It will give $20,000a year for the next ten years, and $12,000 to provide thelaboratory equipment.AWARDS FOR TEACHINGScientific research has been receiving considerablymore financial support at the University than ever before, but the University is not forgetting the importanceof good teaching. At Convocation time the first awardwas made of the prizes established last year by ananonymous alumnus for the best teachers of undergraduates. Three prizes of $1,000 each were given. Thewinners were William T. Hutchinson, associate professor of American history; Joseph J. Schwab, instructor in biological sciences in the College, and Reginald J. Stephenson, instructor in physics. ProfessorHutchinson, 43, has been at the University since 1924,and has long been acknowledged as an outstandingteacher. He won one of the awards given for teaching in1930. He teaches third and fourth year undergraduatecourses, and graduate courses in his special field of constitutional history. The other two winners are teachersin the general courses which form the backbone of College instruction. No winner may receive the prize morethan once in three years, and next year will see otherable teachers rewarded.HARRIET MONROE LIBRARYThe Harriet Monroe Library of Modern Poetry wasdedicated and formally opened on May 19 with a ceremony sponsored by the Friends of the Library. Themost valuable collection of material pertaining to modernpoetry in the United States, the library, willed to theUniversity by Miss Monroe, contains 2,400 volumes ofpoetry and the revealing correspondence which MissMonroe had with hundreds of American and Englishduring the twenty-five years she edited Poetry — A Magazine of Verse. The collection is housed in a specialroom in Wieboldt. Announcement was made at the dedication of a gift of $5,000 from Miss Monroe to establisha prize for "American poets of distinction or of distinguished promise," preferably "poets of progressive22THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 23rather than academic tendencies." Awards will be madeby a committee of three poets, whenever the income fromthe fund amounts to $500. Ford Maddox Ford, Archibald MacLeish, George Dillon, and Carl Sandburgspoke in appreciation of Miss Monroe's services to poets.Scores of other poets sent messages in her honor.DEGREE TO JUSTICE STONEHonorary degrees are conferred by the Universitywith restraint and it was news, therefore, when theDoctor of Laws degree was awarded Harlan FiskeStone, Associate Justice, of the Supreme Court of theUnited States at the Convocation on June 10. The citation : "In recognition of his eminent ability as a lawyerand teacher of law, and in appreciation of his statesmanlike service as a Justice of the Supreme Court of theUnited States." Another honor, the RosenbergerMedal, was conferred in absentia upon Dr. WendellMeredith Stanley of the Rockefeller Institute, who isolated potent crystalline forms of the filterable viruses.The medal, founded by Mr. and Mrs. Jesse L. Rosenberger, is given in recognition of distinguished achievement in the advancement of learning or for notablygreat service in the promotion of human welfare. It hasbeen awarded five times previously.President Hutchins presided at both the morning andafternoon sessions of the Convocation, and conferred atotal of 907 degrees. Total degrees awarded at the fourConvocations of the academic year was 1850, of which946 were Bachelors', and the balance higher degrees.. WALGREEN FOUNDATIONAt the Alumni Assembly a year ago, PresidentHutchins announced the gift of $550,000 made by Mr.Charles R. Walgreen to establish the Walgreen Foundation for Study of American Institutions. Mr. Wal-green's gift enabled the University to claim a furthersum of $275,000 from -the Rosenwald Family Association. In the intervening year, Mr. Walter Lippmannhas come to the University to a series of three publiclectures under the auspices of the Foundation, on thesubject of American Destiny. To the Alumni Assemblythis month, President Hutchins announced that LindsayRogers, Professor of Public Law, Columbia University,one of the country's ablest political scientists, would beVisiting Professor under the Foundation next springquarter. The President also announced that Mr. Lippmann would spend two weeks on the quadrangles thiswinter in conference with students and would give fourlectures in the annual series sponsored by the Foundation.FACULTY RETIREMENTSWith the end of this month three important membersof the faculty will pass the retiring age limit and become emeritus. They are Shirley J. Case, Dean of theDivinity School and Professor of the History of EarlyChristianity; Edith Foster Flint, Professor of English,and Charles H. Judd, Charles H. Grey DistinguishedService Professor of Education and Head of the Department of Education. Dr. Case, member of the Universitysince 1908, and Dean of the Divinity School since 1933,is the outstanding American authority on the civilizationof Palestine at the time of Christ, on the life of Jesus, and the early spread of Christianity in the Mediterraneanregion. Mrs. Flint has been one of the important reasons for the University's reputation as a trainer ofwriters. One of the best known and most affectionatelyregarded of the teachers of the University, her career onthe faculty began with her graduation in 1897. Dr. Judd,the "educational statesman," has had a profound influence on American education.Not retiring, but leaving because he has been appointed Professor of Economics at Columbia Universityand head of the department at Barnard College, is HarryD. Gideonse. Professor Gideonse is well known toalumni because of his participation on the Round Tableand his speeches at alumni club meetings.APPOINTMENTS^ Two appointments have been made recently : EverettC. Hughes, of McGill University, as Assistant Professorof Sociology, effective October 1, and Oskar Lange, nowof the University of California, as Assistant Professor ofEconomics, effective July 1. Professor Hughes is aChicago Ph. D. ; he is a specialist in problems of socialorganization. Dr. Lange did his graduate work at theUniversity of Cracow, Poland, was formerly a lecturerand privatdocent at the Polish Free University. Hestudied at Chicago as a Rockefeller Fellow from 1934 to1936\EDITH RICKERT— 1871-1938Professor emeritus of English Edith Rickert diedMay 23, from a heart condition which had confined herto bed for two years. Collaborator with Professoremeritus John Matthews Manly on a monumental studyof Chaucer, she and Dr. Manly formed one of the bestknown partnerships in the field of scholarship, Sinceher appointment as an associate professor in 1924, Dr.Rickert and Dr. Manly had been working to establish acritical edition of the "Canterbury Tales." This research,which will be published this autumn, has provided a textwhich is as close to the original as scholarship can produce. Despite her illness, Dr. Rickert continued work onthe proofs until the time of her death.In the early years of the investigation, ProfessorsManly and Rickert located all the known Chaucerianmanuscripts in a literary detective search that finallybrought the number of manuscripts to eighty-three.They persuaded the owners to permit them to makephotostatic copies of the manuscripts, and the Universityof Chicago thereby became the leading center ofChaucerian work so that even English scholars havecome to the Midway to study the collection. The twocollaborators also found, in the British Museum, tfo|London Records Office, and other sources, ^previouslyunknown Chaucerian biographical material. They haveestablished the most complete record of the thoughfandculture of the fourteenth century London in whichChaucer lived. \During the war, Miss Rickert Worked in Washingtonas a member of the Military Intelligence Division oif :theGeneral Staff, decodifying enemy messages. She wasborn in Dover, Ohio, July 11, 1871. A graduate ofVassar College, where she later taught, in 1891," shetook her Ph. D. degree from the University of Chicagoin 1899. Miss Rickert taught in Lyons Township and24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHyde Park high schools for five years, while workingfor her doctorate. Made an associate professor of English at the University in 1924, she received the rank ofProfessor in 1930. She became emeritus last year afterpassing the retirement age limit.Dr. Rickert was the author of numerous scholarlyworks on early English literature, including The OldEnglish Offa Saga, The Babees' Book, Early EnglishRomances, and Ancient English Christmas Carols.With Professor Manly, she published in 1919 TheWriting of English, a textbook that was almost universally used. She and Dr. Manly likewise collaboratedon Contemporary English Literature and ContemporaryAmerican Literature, also widely adopted texts. Shewrote several novels, best known of which is SevernWood, published in 1927.ARNOLD WALTHER— 1880-1938Arnold Walther, Assistant Professor of Hittite, theOriental Institute, died the night of May 18 as the resultof a chronic heart trouble which had begun in his youth.Born in Hamburg, May 31, 1880, he took his Ph. D.from the University of Leipzig, writing a thesis on theJudicial System of Ancient Babylonia, which is still thestandard work on the subject. Following the war, heworked on Hittite texts at the Berlin Museum. Hecame to the University in the autumn of 1931 as aneditorial assistant of the Assyrian dictionary, and wasmade assistant professor in 1932. Unmarried, he is survived only by a sister in Germany.DELOSS C. SHULL— 1858-1938Deloss C. Shull, honorary trustee, died June 7 atSioux City, la., his home, where he had long been anattorney. He was 80 years old. Prominent in Baptistaffairs, Mr. Shull had been a President of the NorthernBaptist Convention. He was elected a member of theBoard of Trustees in 1922, and was made an honoraryThen and Now{Continued from Page 6)the Resurrection, to compose finally one vast drama ofman from Creation to the Day of Judgment. A memberof one of those early classes of the 90's at the University,reviewing the years, perceives in each scene an aspect ofone single conflict — the struggle to bring by extraordinarily various endeavor, order and light into human life.MR. AND MRS. STAGG RECEIVE trustee in 1932. Three of his sons attended the University: Lawrence, ("Spike") famous football tacklewho was killed in action ; Henry C. Shull, and Deloss P.Shull.NOTESBernadotte E. Schmitt, Professor of Modern History,has been elected to the American Academy of Arts andSciences, second oldest learned society in America.Cosmic ray research, which has been carried on byDr. Compton and his assistants on mountain tops, oceanliners, in balloons, and mines, from the Arctic Circle tothe remote end of the Southern Hemisphere, went underChicago's loop recently. In experiments conducted byDr.- Volney C. Wilson fifty feet underground, in thepassages of the Chicago Tunnel Company, it was foundthat the cosmic rays that penetrate rock are heavy electrons, known as barytons, a kind of matter unknown before the study of cosmic rays was begun. The experiments showed that neutral rays are not a factor in thepenetrating cosmic rays. Diagnosis of brain lesions bymeans of "brain waves" was recently achieved by Dr.Theodore J. Case, member of the staff of the Otho S. A.Sprague Memorial Institute in the Division of Psychiatry. Now Dr. Ward C. Halstead, who holds a similar appointment, has developed a method of recordingeye movements of a person while his eyelids are closed.This technique also will be useful in diagnosing brainlesions, particularly because it is so flexible that recordings can be made while the patient is walking around aroom. The possibility that eye movements can be recorded during sleep is still to be explored. The method— which uses the minute current generated when the eyemoves — will be employed to record eye movements ofpatients suffering from loss of language, stuttering,stammering, or amnesia, and in cases of pseudo hallucination.Death Posed a Tableau(Continued from Page 9)mouth is open, his tongue against the lower teeth,stopped in the midst of his agonized scream.Suspended by a fiber cord around his neck was apolished clam shell. That was his only ornament and itwas without decoration or carving of any sort. Thefabric which partially covered his body is a large blanket loosely woven from the inner bark of slippery elm.The fibers of the soft inner bark had been twisted intocords and the cords woven into a loosely twined weaveto form a blanket. It was draped over the hips in threefolds, knotted about the waist with the knot hangingdown in front.Among the folds on the hip is a heavy plaited cord,knotted as if it had served as a belt to hold the folds inplace. The fabric is so fragile that we were not ableto remove it from the body without destroying it entirely. It has been treated with preservatives and leftas it was. You can see it on your next visit to Mammoth Cave National Park for Lost John reposes in aglass case on the floor of the cave just a few feet awayfrom Mummy Ledge where Death posed a tableau ofthe daily life of a prehistoric Indian.NEWS OF THE CLASSESClass reunions were more largely attended in 1938 than they have beenduring the past ten years. The Class of1913, with an informal celebration covering several days, climaxed its program with a dinner attended by a hundred. The War Class of 1918 broughtout seventy-five members for its classdinner and even greater numbers attended the class picnic at the home ofCharles E. Galloway in HubbardWoods. The Class of 1903 had an informal get together, followed by adinner attended by forty. 1916-17held their annual luncheon with an attendance of nearly one hundred andfollowed this with their twenty-first annual ball game. The Class of 1923turned out between fifty and sixty forits fifteenth anniversary. The Class of1928 did nearly as well for its tenth.The Class of 1933 surprised itself byproducing eighty-three diners at its reunion and the Class of 1935 staged itsannual get together with an attendanceof thirty-five.1897Maudie L. Stone Chapman, SM'03,321 Westcott Street, Syracuse, NewYork, writes that she attended the LosAngeles Alumni meeting in Februaryand was at the same table with Dora Wells, '98, and Merle Marine, '04,who retired from teaching English inthe DeWitt Clinton High School ofNew York City in February 1938 andhas been in Pasadena since.Leila Fish Maliory (Mrs. HerveyF.) writes from their summer home atGrand Beach, Michigan. Her hobbiesare her grandchildren, lawn-bowling,and the bonny sunshine land of Floridawith its always green foliage andflowers.Samuel Steen Maxwell, PhD, professor emeritus of physiology of theUniversity of California, resides at 15Hillside Court, Berkeley, Calif.1899Robert Wilson Smith, PhD, whoretired from McMaster University faculty two years ago is now living at 485Armadale Avenue, Toronto, Canada.Pearl Hunter Weber, AM'20, ofOmaha, is scheduled to lecture on"Universities and First Principles" atthe University of Wisconsin July 11.Mrs. Weber is spending the first termof the summer quarter here on the Chicago campus as a graduate scholar inpsychology.1900Executive Secretary of the Philadelphia Federation of Churches, Elim A. E. Palmquist, DB, is secretary of theCrime Commission appointed by theMayor of Philadelphia last year. Hisson, Charles, is a senior at Storm KingSchool, New York.1901Isaac A. Corbett, DB, living atHawkshaw, York County, New Brunswick, Canada, has recently taken up anew pastorate at Pokiok, "Southampton,New Brunswick.Burton E. Livingston, PhD, is professor of plant physiology and forestecology, as well as director of the Laboratory of Plant Physiology at JohnsHopkins University.1902Katherine Elizabeth Dopp, PhD,5705 Kimbark Avenue, Chicago, is giving all her time to writing tests for elementary grades.Theodore C. Frye, PhD, has in preparation an important contribution onthe Hepaticae of North America, northof Mexico. The first part of this workwas published by the University ofWashington in November, 1937, withLois Clark as co-author. Dr. and Mrs.Frye are planning a trip into Mexicoduring the late summer.Shinkishi Hatai, PhD, is professorThe delight of themodern hostess . .IS TO SERVE ASWIFT'S PREMIUM HAM•With the same marvelous Premium flavor —plus the new spring-chicken tenderness —Swift's Premium Ham is served with delight by the modern hostess — and relished byeven her most discriminating guests.The host, too, finds it a pleasure to serve Swift's Premium Ham because its fine, firm texture makes carving easy.Swift's Premium Ham now requires less cooking time — saving you time and money.Order a Swift's Premium Ham from your dealer today.SWIFT & COMPANY2526 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEof zoology at Tohoku Imperial University, Sendai, Japan.1903Emil Goetsch, PhD'06, is a memberof the Founders Group of the AmericanBoard of Surgery. He is professor ofsurgery at the Long Island College ofMedicine.Livonia Hunter is an instructor inMonmouth High School, Monmouth,111.1904The final volume of Chester G.Vernier's (JD'07) outstanding serieson American Family Laws has recentlybeen published. The law of infants,aliens, drunkards and insane persons iscovered is this volume, number five, thetitle of which, "Incompetents and Dependents" has been used in a broadsense to include all material covered inthe traditional law course given undersuch varied names as Domestic Relations, Persons, or Family Law. Vernier is professor of law at StanfordUniversity.] 905Paul G. Heineman, PhD'07, is director of the Cook Laboratories, Inc.,and bacteriologist for Winthrop Chemical Company of Rensselaer, New York.John Sundwall, PhD'06, of theUniversity of Michigan faculty, is president of the American School HealthAssociation.1906Wayland D. Wilcox, DB'07, hasrecently published Word Pictures, anattractive volume of verse on manyphases of everyday life and philosophy.Mr. Wilcox has been with Lea and Feb-riger, publishers, as manager of theCollege and Editorial Departments,since 1914.1907Paul O'Donnell, JD'09, is anEvanston resident and maintains hislaw office at One North LaSalleStreet, Chicago. Along with litigationin reference to the constitutionality ofthe Illinois Corporation Franchise Tax,he practices general law, including localand federal tax problems. He hasplenty of hobbies — horses, dogs andsquash rackets.F. H. Pike, PhD, is a member of thephysiology faculty at Columbia University.Clark C. Steinbeck is back in theStates once again and managed to ar rive in Chicago for all the Reunionactivities, the first time he has been outfor Reunion in twenty years. Beforecoming here, Mr. and Mrs. Steinbeckspent seven months motoring in Europeand Great Britain, and Clark put in aperiod of six months of study in theAmerican School of Oriental Researchin Jerusalem. In August, they will sailfor Peiping, China, where he will resume his work as business secretary ofthe Presbyterian Mission in that city.Robert R. Williams, SM'08, director of chemical research of the BellTelephone Company, was honored bythe Chicago chapter of the^ AmericanChemical Society on April 2, when hewas awarded the Willard 'Gibbs medal,bestowed annually by the Chicago section to the individual adjudged to havemade an outstanding contribution tochemistry in that year.From the Chicago Daily News forApril 2, we quote the following: "Dr.Williams was selected this year for hisdiscoveries in chemistry, which, sayhis colleagues, may change the foodhabits of the human race and ameliorate the ravages of diabetes, cancer,nephritis and other diseases. . . Formore than 26 years he has made astudy of beriberi, the oriental scourgewhich kills many thousands every yearand of its relation to vitamin B. Deficiency of vitamin B is the cause of thedisease. The Gibbs award recognizeshis achievement in the relation andsynthesis of vitamin B in the form of'thiamin.' "1908Robert E. Buchanan, PhD, is deanof the Graduate School and director ofthe Agricultural Experiment Station atIowa State.Austin G. Cato, AM'26, is teachingpsychology and methods courses and isdirecting student teaching at OaklandCity College, Oakland City, Indiana.Professor Walter J. Meek, PhD,who is assistant dean of the MedicalSchool at the University of Wisconsin,is chairman of Publication Trustees ofthe American Physiological Society.On June 17th, 1937, Walter P. Morgan, PhM, celebrated the silver anniversary of his presidency at WesternIllinois State Teachers College.1909Claude McColloch was appointedUnited States District Judge for Oregon within the past year. L W. Shideler, AM'21, of Topeka,represents the Macmillan Company inKansas and Nebraska. Raising flowers, more especially roses, is his hobby.1911Clyde Brooks, PhD, is professor ofpharmacology and experimental therapeutics at Louisiana State UniversityMedical Center.Harry Markheim, '11, JD'13; A. R.Miller, '14, JD'15; Charles O.Parker, '14, JD'15; and MiltonMallin, JD'27, announce the removalof their law offices to 209 South LaSalle Street, Suite 777, Chicago. Thefirm name is Markheim, Parker andMiller.1913Mr. and Mrs. Rollin D. McCoy leftJapan on May 20th on their furlough.After a few days in Palestine and sixweeks in Europe, they will sail forNew York and expect to reach hereabout August 17. Their address forthe coming year will be 310 North AStreet, Monmouth, 111.1914Marie Dye, SM'17, PhD'22, is deanof home economics and professor ofnutrition at Michigan State College,East Lansing, Michigan.Lydia Lee Pearce (Mrs. James W.),5603 Dorchester Avenue, Chicago, isan instructor in public speaking atTilden Technical High School, sponsorof its student annual The Craftsman,and general handyman for "maker upper" of assemblies, radio broadcastsand special programs. As for her hobbies she says : "Once, alas ! music —now, bringing up a family, trying tobe more than adequate as a teacherand mother — and relishing the fact thatI'm now living in and owning (eventually), the house I lived in while oncampus."Her son, Lee Pearce, has completedhis first year at the U. of C. with anexcellent record — high scholarship,freshman numerals in fencing, memberof Beta Theta Pi and Skull and Crescent.Last year J. W. Wellemeyer, AM,principal of the Wyandotte High Schooland dean of the Kansas City (Kansas)Junior High School, published a reporton "The Public Junior College in Kansas."1915S. R. Bumann, AM'21, of the TexasCompany of New York City is supervisor of education for that organization.Eda I. Roberts, AM'20, is professorof history at Fletcher College, Iowa.The Arkansas Episcopal Conventionheld last April unanimously elected theVery Reverend Claude. W. Sprouseas Bishop of Arkansas. Dean of Graceand Holy Trinity Cathedral of KansasCity, Mr. Sprouse had previously heldassignments in Houston, Denver, andSt. Paul.1916An independent consultant in industrial hygiene and occupational diseasesin Columbus, Ohio, Emery R. Hay-hurst, PhD, is the author of severalrecent articles on "Silicosis," "IndustryFOR SALEVirgin Wooded 7V2 Acre Estate in BeautifulOlympia Fields, White Cape Cod Cottage, GarageAttached, Illinois Central Transportation, GardenPlanted. ABSOLUTE Northwoods Atmosphere.SECLUSION and QUIET.Apply M. W. AdamsPhone Chicago Heights 2296THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 27as a Source of Disease," "The Intoxications," and "Avoidance of Occupational Diseases." He is president of theColumbus Torch Club, an organizationof ninety men in fourteen professions.Laura McLaughlin, SM, PhD'23,is associate professor of home economics at Texas State College for Women,at Denton, Texas.1917Joseph L. Adler, PhD'30, geologistand geophysicist, is now supervisingseismograph surveys for petroleum ineastern states and "foreign countries forthe Independent Exploration Company,seismograph contractors of Houston,Texas.Margaret MacDonald Doorty (Mrs.John C.) writes that managing "A cattle, horse and guest ranch is quite achange from our life in Paris where myhusband did newspaper work and I evenhad a weekly column of my own. Forthe past five years we have lived inMontana on a gorgeous ranch and arenow moving to our own near Ovando.We are just beginning the building andshall commence with an adequate housefor ourselves with its own heating,plumbing and lighting system. Laterwe shall build guest accommodationsbut, for the present, shall have only aguest wing to our own house. Thewinter has been a very mild one —thirty-six below for a few days only —but the snow has been so deep our logging^ crew had to stop after only aweek's work — hence the delay in ourbuilding program."Lois Donald Kohler (Mrs. HenryO.), 6043 University Avenue, Chicago,is the author of many children's books,including Karl's Wooden Horse, Inthe Mouse's House, Runzel Punzel,Smoky, the Lively Locomotive, Abigail,reviewer of children's books for Children's Activities and a consistent contributor to this same magazine. Shealso finds time for many club activitiesand is on the Board of Directors ofthe Woman's University Club of Chicago and is a past president of theWomen's Advertising Club of Chicago. Driving and a toy Boston bullpup are her hobbies.Charles C. Root, AM, is head ofthe Department of Education and director of the summer session at StateTeachers College, Buffalo, N. Y.George R. Viner is president of theRockford Finance Co., 402 Elm Street,Rockford, 111.H. A. Dixon, AM, was recently appointed president of Weber College,Ogden, Utah.Herbert H. Hewitt is reference librarian at the main branch of the Chicago Public Library.Marion Hines, PhD, is associateprofessor of anatomy at Johns HopkinsMedical School.Willard L. King, JD, was recentlyelected president of the Chicago LawInstitute.Maurice A. Rees, PhD, is chairmanof the Executive Committee of the Association of American Medical Collegesand last year got out a report on "TheCare of the Neurotic Patient in the rnffanaH• |l> Mill IIRESORP&-TRAVEL-DEPARTMENTForspocg^and rates in our departments write to 8 Beacon Street, Boston/ Massachusetts, U. S. A.PENNSYLVANIA | | NEW ^ORKiWeHW^r™*O Spring, Slimmer,Fall or Winter Pennsylvania is a trav-eler's paradise !Whatever you want• — superb mountainscenery, lakes, deepforest, top-notch hunting and fishing, historic interest — they're all here, served by30,000 miles of fine highways. Write Dept.B, Pennsylvania State Publicity Commission, Harrisburg, Pa., for your HospitalityPassport, also Map and Travel Guide.WHERE-TO-GO DEPARTMENTS AREwelcomed everywhere to the reading tables of thebest homes in North America. Our magazines undeniably exert the most powerful influence uponevery member of the families where their advice ishabitually sought and are on the reading tables ofhighest class Homes, Clubs, Public Libraries andChambers of Commerce, promoting inclination totravel among the very finest class of prospects.TRAVELVACATION Mittthrou5h EASTERN AMERICA & CANADAPersonally conducted groups leave New Yorkweekly in private club motor coaches for Cape Cod,New England, Nova Scotia, Gaspe and EasternCanada, Florida and Dixieland. Tours are from fiveto eighteen days duration and include EVERY expense— rooms with bath at finest hotels, all meals.side trips, admissions, guide fees, and EVEN TIPS!Write for booklet W.TAUCK TOURS, inc. WS&%?&Where-To-Go for July closes May 31 NEWFOUNDLANDNow, Let's See . . ,NEWFOUNDLAND!Been "everywhere"? This countryis different ! Enjoy cool, deep forests;impressive fjords. Visit quaint, cliff-side fishing villages ... or catch "bigones ' ' yourself, in famous salmon ortrout waters. Sailing, golf. Low ratesat modern camps, hotels.Write for free booklet " Come to Newfoundland " to Newfoundland Information Bureau, Dept. F,620 Fifth Avenue,New York, N. Y., or NewfoundlandTourist Development Board, St. John's^Newfoundland, or any travel agency.D1^ISTANCE gained ina relay race meansnothing unless it is held. Andmaterial gains made in the gameof life . . . home, furnishings, automobile, business . . . should beheld, too. But they can be takenfrom you at any moment of any day... by fire, windstorm, explosion,accident, theft, etc. Fortunately^ property insurance is so flexible thatyou can protect what you haveagainst practically every conceivable hazard. The North AmericaAgent in your section will be gladto analyze your insurance requirements and tell you just whichpolicies you should have. Consulthim as you would your doctoror lawyer.Insurance Company ofNorth AmericaPHILADELPHIAFOUNDED 1792and its affiliated companies write practically every form of insurance except lifeVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE28 THE UNISCHOOLSLIBRARY SCHOOL209 S. State St., Chicago, III.Preparatory course for public Librarian.Practical book courses for, positions inRental Libraries and book stores.Register Mon. to Fri. II a. m. to 4 p. m.Intensive Stenographic CourseBMg FOR COLLEGE MEN & WOMENH 100 Words a Minute in 100 Days As- ,a^ sured for one Fee. Enroll NOW. Day *TWm classes only — Begin Jan., Apr., JulyWM and Oct. Write or Phone Ban. 1575.¦ l8 S. MICHIGAN AVE., CHICAGO +MacCormac School ofCommerceBusiness Administration and SecretarialTrainingDAY AND EVENING CLASSESAccredited by the National Association of Accredited Commercial Schools.1170 E. 63rd St. H. P. 2130The Midway School6216 Kimbark Ave. Tel. Dorchester 3299Elementary Grades — High SchoolPreparation — KindergartenFrench, Music and ArtBUS SERVICEA School with Individual Instruction andCultural Advantages General Hospitals." Rees is dean ofthe School of Medicine at the University of Colorado and superintendent ofthe hospitals.The Psychology and Teaching ofArithmetic (D. C. Heath and Company)is the title of the book H. G. Wheat,AM, published last year. He is professor of education at West Virginia University.1918Joseph A. Baer, AM, who workedon the staff of the Advisory Committeeon Education from January to October1937, is now teaching at the DanburyState Teachers College, Danbury, Conn.Harry A. Craig, AM,, is manager,secretary and treasurer of the ArgoMilling Company of Charlevoix, Michigan.A. Royall Gay, AM, continuesteaching physics at Morgan Park HighSchool and is organizing a new coursein photographic arts to be given inthe fall of 1938. As you might suspect, one of Gay's hobbies is photography while farming comes in for itsshare of attention. But teaching is hisavocation as well as vocation.Mrs. L. M. Myers, professionallyknown as Marsha Wheeler, is associated with WKRC, Cincinnati, as writer,producer and announcer.Last year Ward G. Reeder, AM,PhD'21, published A First Course inEducation — An Introduction to Public School Relations (Macmillan Company). Reeder is on the faculty atOhio State.Frank M. Schertz, PhD, is directorof research for American Chlorophyll,Inc., of Alexandria, Virginia, processors and refiners of chlorophyll, betacarotene, and xanthophyll.J. E. Worthington, AM, is principalof the Junior-Senior High School inWaukesha, Wise. Last year he was amember of one of the visiting committees on the Cooperative Study of Secondary School Standards.1919Esther M. Greisheimer's (PhD)text on Physiology and Anatomy published by Lippincott Company is nowin its third edition. On the faculty ofthe Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania, she is professor of physiologyand head of the department.Ernest E. Leisy, AM, who is professor of English at Southern Methodist University, Dallas, was one of thetwo guest speakers at a two-day session of the Kansas College Teachersof English which met at SouthwesternCollege, Winfield, April 22-23. Professor Leisy gave an after-dinner talkon "Mark Twain" and spoke on "ThePlace of American Literature in theCollege Curriculum." About a hundreddelegates from fifteen Kansas collegesattended the meetings.Margaret E. Smith, 520 DelawareAvenue, S. C, Minneapolis, Minn., isdoing research work in foods and nutrition.1920O. H. Blackwood, PhD, professorof physics at the University of Pitts burgh, is the author of a new bookIntroductory College Physics, writtenin a somewhat "popular" style and witha minimum of mathematics, which willcome off the Wiley Publishing Company presses this summer. The authorof two other books in physics, Dr.Blackwood holds three patents for hisinventions. He is a member of SigmaXi, a fellow of the A.A.A.S., a member of the Pittsburgh Physical Society,and has served on the national councilof the American Association of Physics Teachers. He has been at theUniversity of Pittsburgh since 1919.Bernard W. Hammer, PhD, is professor in dairy bacteriology and research professor in dairy industry atIowa State College.John E. Joseph is now located inCalifornia as director of advertisingand publicity for Universal Pictures.May, A. Klipple, AM, who hastaught English at Ball State TeachersCollege, Muncie, Indiana, since 1921,took her Ph.D. at Indiana Universitythis month.Walter F. Loehwing, PhD'25, ofthe University of Iowa faculty, is vice-president of the American Society ofPlant Physiologists. He is the authorof recent papers on the formation andtranslocation of a flower-forming substance, "florigen."Alfred H. MacGregor is sales manager of Cummins Diesel Sales of Illinois, 1935 South Indiana, Chicago.In addition to his professorial dutiesat Ohio State, Robert E. Mathews,JD, is now preparing a volume on Caseson Agency and Partnership for 1939.His revision of the late Professor FloydR. Mechem's Cases on Partnership waspublished in 1935. Mathews has beenelected a member of the National Executive Board of National LawyersGuild for 1938 and also a member ofthe National Executive Committee, Order of the Coif for this year.Marjorie Stevens Upham (Mrs.Warren F.) is general secretary ofthe Y. W. C. A. in Maiden, Mass.H. C. W I T H E R I N G T 0 N, AM'25,PhD'31, of Bowling Green State University, is engaged at present in constructing a four-year curriculum forelementary teachers.1921Wendell S. Brooks, AM, formerlyvisiting professor at the University ofMontana, recently accepted an appointment as Assistant to the Presidentof North Park College, Chicago.1922E. A. Culler, PhD, professor ofpsychology at the University of Illinois, was recently awarded the Howard Crosby Warren Medal for his outstanding work in experimental psychology.Because of the wide diversificationof her work as director of the Bureauof Standards for Montgomery Wardand Company in Chicago, NanneneGowdy has all she can do to keep upwith the various fields in which she isinterested. She is a member of variousTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEscientific societies and an active member on committees of the AmericanSociety for Testing Materials and theAmerican Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists.Phila M. Griffin is an elementaryschool agent for the State Board ofEducation of Concord, New Hampshire.William Alexander Jackson, librarian of the Carl H. PforzheimerLibrary, New York City, who is working on the history of English printing,was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowshipthis spring.H. J. Schick, AM, is the author ofthe small book, Jesus of the TwentiethCentury, which has attracted wide attention and comment.Frederick Schultz, 346 North ParkAvenue, Buffalo, N. Y., is principal ofSchool No. 24 there.1923A Laboratory Course in Readingand Writing (F. S. Crofts and Company) is the title of the text book incollege English which Martha F.Christ, AM, a member of the EnglishFaculty at Wright Junior College, Chicago, published in May in collaboration with Catherine Himes. This bookis primarily a workbook, not a handbook or rhetoric, providing a plan andfurnishing materials that the collegestudent may use in order to improvehis reading and writing.Thurman M. Huebner,. AM'37,teacher at Bowen High, Chicago, isengaged in developing physics laboratory experimental problems parallel tolife situations and removed as far aspossible from academic approach.W. G. Kimmel, AM, associate editorof John C. Winston Company of Philadelphia, collaborated with H. J. Carman and M. G. Walker on HistoricCurrents in Changing America.Lawrence T. Nutting, AM, resident chaplain at the Preston School ofIndustry, at Waterman, California, carries on his work among the delinquentboys who have been committed to theinstitution.Allan Funder Reith, SM, PhD'25,is a bacteriologist for Joseph SchlitzBrewing Company of Milwaukee.Charles P. Russell, PhD, is president of Assiut College, Assiut, Egypt.Benjamin F. Sheumate is a railwaypostal clerk in the U. S. Post Office inDowners Grove, Illinois.Arthur W. Small, AM'35, isteaching physics at the Tuley HighSchool, Chicago.Professor of physiological chemistryand nutrition at Florida State Collegefor Women, Jennie Tilt, PhD, waselected a member of the Institute ofNutrition a little over a year ago.Harold G. Trost is now making hishome at 110 West Center Street inRochester, Minnesota, where he iscarrying on the work of his new pastorate at the Rochester, Methodist Church.A. Elizabeth Verder, PhD'28, is associate bacteriologist for the U. S.Public Health Service. Leslie H. Whitcraft, AM, is professor and head of the Department ofMathematics at Ball State TeachersCollege. Past president of the MuncieKiwanis Club, Whitcraft is presidentof the Board of Deacons at the FirstPresbyterian Church and a member ofthe Muncie Welfare Council.1924Harold A. Anderson, AM'26, chairman of the Department of English atthe University of Chicago High School,has been giving courses in the teachingof English in the University since thedeath of Professor R. L. Lyman. Anderson is chairman of the Section ofthe Private School Association of theCentral States and on the editorialboard of the English Journal and is alsovice president of the Board of Trusteesof North Park College, Chicago.William Blatz, PhD, combines withhis professorial work at the Universityof Toronto the direction of St. George'sSchool for Child Studyf and WindyRidge Day School. He is also a consultant for the Toronto Juvenile Court.William Henry Burton, PhD'24,professor of education at the Universityof Southern California, is teaching thissummer at Harvard.Margaret Cleary, AM'32, is nowan adjustment teacher at Waller HighSchool, Chicago.Chester W. Darrow, PhD. is research psychologist for the Institute ofJuvenile Research and associate inphysiology at the University of IllinoisMedical School.Victor M. Davis, AM, is directorof the Bureau of Appointments andexecutive secretary of the Alumni Association at the University of Tennessee.Richard Jack Demeree is executivesecretary of the East 63rd Street Council, and may be found during officehours at 1230 East 63rd Street, Chicago.Vice-president and registrar EnockC. Dyrness, AM, of Wheaton College,is regional associations editor of theJournal of the American Associationof Collegiate Registrars.Lloyd B. Jensen, SM, PhD'27, ischief bacteriologist for Swift and Company of Chicago.From Toronto, Ontario, comes wordfrom Nelles Boyd Laughton, PhD,physician in practice.Fredda D. Reed, PhD, on leave fromMount Holyoke College, is at the University of Chicago, engaged in investigations on the structure of carboniferous seeds.Dorothy C. Stratton is dean ofwomen at Purdue University.Felix Saunders, PhD'28, is an instructor in biochemistry at the University of Chicago.Raymond H. White, AM, has beenat Lehigh University since September,1937. His title is assistant professor ofeducation.1925Ray H. Bracewell, AM, was recently appointed superintendent of thepublic schools of Burlington, Iowa.John Stanley Cornett, PhD, pro- GOODTELEPHONESERVICEThis country's good telephone service did not justhappen. It has been madepossible by the organization and development ofthe Bell System.BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEMBUSINESSDIRECTORYAMBULANCE SERVICEBOYDSTON BROS.Emergency 'phones OAK. 0492-0493operatingAuthorized Ambulance Servicefor Billings HospitalUniversity Clinics, etc.PACKARD AND LASALLE EQUIPMENTASBESTOSPIONEERING IN THEDEVELOPMENT OF INSULATIONMATERIALS FOR THE CONTROLOF HEAT-LOSS SINCE 1873KEASBEY & MATTISON COMPANY140 So. Dearborn St. Ran. 6951AWNINGSPhones Oakland 0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.,INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueBLINDSVENETIAN BLINDSHalper Venetian Blind Co.1040 West Van Buren StreetMONROE 5033-504230 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBOILER REPAIRINGBEST BOILER REPAIR &WELDING CO.BOILER REPAIRING AND WELDING24 HOUR SERVICE1408 S. Western Ave. Tel. Canal 8071NIGHT PHONEDREXEL 6400 OAKLAND 3929HAVEFEWER BOILER REPAIRSMFG. OF FEWER'S SUBMERGED WATERHEATERS4317 Cottage Grove Ave., ChicagoEstablished 1895BONDSP. H. Davis, 'II. H. I. Markham. 'Ex. '06R W. Davis, '16 W. M. Giblin, '23F. B. Evans, '11Paul H. Davis & Co.Members *New York Stock ExchangeChicago Stock Exchange10 So. La Salle St. Franklin 8622 BOOKSMEDICAL BOOKSof All PublishersThe Largest and Most Complete Stock andall New Books Received as soon as published. Come in and browse.SPEAKMAN'S(Chicago Medical Book Co.)Congress and Honore StreetsOne Block from Rush Medical CollegeBUILDING CONSTRUCTIONW. J. LYNCHCOMPANYBUILDING CONSTRUCTION208 So. La Salle StreetCHICAGOCATERERJOSEPH H. BIGGSFine Catering in all its branches50 East Huron StreetTel. Sup. (#00—0901Retail Deliveries Daily and SundaysQuality and Service Since 1882 fessor of history and government andhead of the Department of Social Sciences at Kansas Wesleyan University,died March 27, in Salina, Kansas, 47years old. Before accepting an appointment at Kansas Wesleyan in1930, he had been professor of Bibleand religion at the College of Emporia.Hazel Floyd, AM, is again locatedin Nacogdoches, Texas, where she isdirector of elementary education atStephen F. Austin State Teachers College.The Guggenheim Memorial Foundation this spring awarded a fellowshipto Henry N. Harkins' SM'26, PhD'28 MD'31, instructor in surgery in theUniversity of Chicago, in order thathe might continue his work on thefundamental* causes of traumatic shock,that is shock such as that caused, forexample, by surgical operations andautomobile and industrial accidents.Physicians agree that if surgical shockwere understood and could be preventedthe range of surgical repairs on injured persons could be enormously extended.Carolos I. Reed, PhD, is associateprofessor of physiology at the University of Illinois College of Medicineand has published about eighty paperscovering his/ research.Robert C. Scarf, AM, PhD'32,teaches educational psychology at BallState Teachers College and is a psychologist in the laboratory school.Vera G. Sheldon, AM'30, who hascharge of entrance examinations and isteaching subjects in education and psychology at the National College ofEducation in Evanston, is collaboratingnow on a professional book.1926William R. Berges, AM, is principal of the Ingalls Elementary School atWichita, Kansas.J. L. Blair, AM, PhD'31, is dean ofthe College of Education at Kent StateUniversity, Ohio.Richard R. Chapman was recentlyelected president of the employees association at the Peoples Gas Eight &Coke Company and appointed head ofthe personnel department in charge ofall promotions at the Gas Company.Division superintendent of schools,Agustin D. Panares, AM, of Butuan,Agusan, Philippines, holds many localoffices — is president of the Census Advisory Board, chief census supervisorand Field Commissioner of Boy Scouting.Last month when Daniel CattonRich took over the art direction of theArt Institute of Chicago, he announcedthat the immediate policy of the ArtInstitute would be to continue the plansof the late Robert Harshe and thatthere would not be very much changein the line of exhibitions or acquisitions. Rich has been with the Art Institute since 1927, as assistant curatorof paintings, coming direct from a postgraduate course at Harvard.Erma A. Smith, PhD, is associateprofessor of physiology at Iowa StateCollege. Mayme V. Smith is assistant professor in speech and reading at CentralState Teachers College, Michigan.Lucy Whitney is teaching art in theFindley Elementary School in Akron,Ohio.Earl F. Zeigler, AM'26, now at 910Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia,Pennsylvania, is not only busy as associate editor for the Presbyterian Boardof Christian Education, but has foundtime to publish The Way of Adult Education (the Westminster Press, 1938),in connection with the LeadershipTraining Publishing Association.1927George W. Bachman, PhD, of theSchool of Tropical Medicine, workedwith R. R. Molina, W. A. Hoffman andJose O. Gozales in preparing the report entitled "A Study of Parasite Control in Puerto Rico over a Period ofFive and a Half Years" which appearedin the December Puerto Rico Journalof Public Health and Tropical Medicine.George F. Cartland, PhD, is withthe Upjohn Company of Kalamazoo,Michigan, as pharmacologist.Edith Fisher, AM, is now with theY. W. C. A. at Moline, Illinois.J. R. Fowler, SM, PhD'30, has beenprofessor and head of the Biology Department at Louisiana Polytechnic Institute since 1933. He is the proudfather of John Robert, Jr., born November 9, 1936.Head of the Department of Educationat Central College, Fayette, Mo., E. B.Gift, AM, supervises and directs practice teaching in the elementary and highschools in addition to giving courses inthe history of education, educationalsociology, elementary school organizingand management and elementary schoolmethods.Mrs. Ralph Gilpin is teaching inGary, Indiana, at the Tolleston HighSchool.Nellie Lucy Griffiths, AM, whohas charge of the recently equippedreading laboratory at North TexasState Teachers College at Denton, isdoing a very valuable piece of workin diagnosing reading troubles (eye)and testing speed.Ralph Haefner, AM, is general editor of the school department of McGraw-Hill Book Company, New YorkCity.Louisa Sargent, AM, is teachingbotany at Grinnell College, Iowa.Herbert G. Schreiter, AM, supervises all educational and recreationalactivities in Camp Warrenton, CCC,Warrenton, Oregon.Glenn Noma Shelley is an Englishteacher at the Lew Wallace HighSchool in Gary, Ind.E. C. Stopher, AM, is registrar atKent State University, Ohio.Russell Amos Waud, PhD, is professor of pharmacology at the University of Western Ontario Medical Schoolin London.1928Luther M. Ambrose, AM, is a science instructor in the Lower Divisionof Berea College.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 31Howard R. Anderson, AM, is assistant professor of education at CornellUniversity and head of social studies inIthaca Junior and Senior High Schools.Bertram D. Barclay, PhD, waselected president of the OklahomaAcademy of Science for 1937. He gavehis presidential address, Contributionsof Morphology to Modern Plant Science, at the twenty-sixth annual meeting of the Academy on December , 4,1937.H. G. Barr, pastor of the First Christian Church, Lawrence, Kansas, is alsodean of the Kansas Bible College, succeeding Seth W. Slaughter, DB'22,who went to Drake University as deanof Bible.D. R. Bartoo, PhD, professor ofbiology at Tennessee Polytechnic Institute, devotes his spare time to studyingthe ferns of his local area and raisingtomatoes — the earliest and largest in thecommunity.Raymond R. Brewer, AM, PhD'29,of James Millikin University, waspresident of the Mid- Western Branchof the National Association of BiblicalInstructors for 1937.W. A. Bass, x\M, is state commissioner of education in Tennessee.Charles Eiseman, PhD, of Winnetka, Illinois, has his offices for general practice at 104 South MichiganAvenue, Chicago.Ben M. Hanna, AM, is principalot the Norwood Senior High in Norwood, Ohio.Raymond E. Hayes has been teaching history and coaching basketball andbaseball at Arlington Heights (Illinois)Township High School since 1928 andwill resume his teaching work thereagain next fall. He is a member ofthe executive committee of the ChicagoHistory Teachers' Association of theChicago Historical Society.Clarence Hendershot, AM, PhD'36, is going to the University of Red-lands, Redlands, California, in September as associate professor of history.For -the past two years he has been onthe faculty of Hiram College.Rob Roy MacGregor returned tocampus for the tenth anniversary ofthe class and represented the New YorkAlumni Club, of which he is vicepresident, at the annual alumni conference. He continues his associationwith Halsey, Stuart and Company ofNew York City as salesman.Clarence Harvey Mills, PhD, hasin preparation an article for P.M.L.A.,is publishing a Bibliography on theNegro in French Literature, is editinga French Grammar, and also editing anAnthology on the Negro in FrenchLiterature. Mills is professor and headof the Romance Languages and Literatures at Wilberforce University,Wilberforce, Ohio. In his free time, heenjoys a good round of golf, visitingdifferent places and seeing and conversing with different people. For theMagazine, he advocates spicy news,articles, etc., as he wants to see Chicago first of all and servants of all.Clarence W. Schrock, AM, is principal of the Burke School, Chicago. John LaMar Shouse, AM, is assistant superintendent of secondary schoolsin Kansas City, Missouri.Robert E. Skelton is now combining his work as pastor for the BarnesM. E. Church at Indianapolis, Indiana,with that of investigator for the MarionCounty Criminal Court. He also actsas chaplain for the 12th District of theAmerican Legion and in the same capacity at the U. S. Veterans' Hospitalthere.Eugene U. Still, PhD, has chargeof research at the Biochemical ResearchLaboratories of Chicago.Kenji Takahashi, AM, 41 Higa-shi-Misonocho, Amagasaki, Japan, hasrecently moved to this address to acceptthe pastorate of the Amagasaki Kumiai( Congregational ) Church.Edward J. Van Liere, PhD, isdean of the Medical School and professor of physiology at the Universityof West Virginia.George Earle Wakerlin, PhD, isprofessor of physiology and head ofthe department at the College of Medicine, University of Illinois.Charles A. Werner, AM, teaches atCrane Tech, Chicago.1929Edith Adams is supervisor of schoolnurses for the Hammond PublicSchools. Cooking indoors or out,horseback riding and golf vie for firstplace in her avocational list but sheadmits that golf severely taxes her vocabulary at times. She is vice-presi-- dent of the Hammond Welfare Council.Harry F. Clements, PhD, formerlyassociate professor of botany at theWashington State College, has gone tothe University of Hawaii as associateprofessor of botany, to have charge ofthe work in plant physiology, and tocooperate with the several experimentstation departments where such cooperation is valuable. Dr. Clements isalso chairman of the Western Sectionof the American Society of Plant Physiologists.C. T. Coleman, AM, is president ofthe Hammond City Teachers' Association and director of the HammondChamber of Commerce.George Lynn Cross, PhD, is actinghead of the department of botany at theUniversity of Oklahoma during the absence of Dr. Sears at Columbia University. Dr. Cross was elected secretary-treasurer of the Oklahoma Academy ofScience at the annual meeting in December, 1937.Raymond H. Ewing, AM, is nowstate director of home education for theBaptist Church in Wisconsin. He hasrecently been elected president of theMilwaukee Council of Churches.Raymond E. Fildes, AM, who wasin residence at Chicago from June 1936to June 1937 and completed the residence requirements and preliminaryexams for his PhD., is superintendentof public schools in Springfield. 111.Eva I. Nelson, DB'29, writes fromEveland Seminary (7, Mount Sophia,Singapore, Malaya), of which she hascharge, of the work in that field. The CEMENT CONTRACTORSH. BORGESON P. OSTERGAARDPhone Avenue 4028 Phone Albany 6511"O.K." Construction & Mfg. Co.LICENSEDCement ContractorsGarbage ContainersCement Garden FurniturePHONE 4328 BELMONT AVENUEAVENUE 4028 CHICAGO. ILL.T. A. REHNQUIST CO.CEMENT SIDEWALKSCONCRETE FLOORSTelephoneBEVERLY 0890FOR AN ESTIMATE ANYWHERECHEMICAL ENGINEERSAlbert K. Epstein, *I2B. R. Harris, *2IEpstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTel. Cent. 4285-6COALEASTMAN COAL CO.Established 19027 YARDSALL OVER TOWNMAIN office252 West 69th StreetTelephone Wentworth 3215 COFFEE -TEALa Touraine Coffee Co.IMPORTERS AND ROASTERS OFLA TOURAINECOFFEE AND TEA209-13 MILWAUKEE AVE., CHICAGOat Lake and Canal Sts.Phone State 1350Boston— New York — Philadelphia— Syracuse CUT STONEOffice ResidencePhone Radcliffe 5988 Phone Beverly 9208ZIMMERMAN CUT STONE CO.Cut — Planed — Turned — StoneHigh • GradeBuilding- Rubbles - Flag Stone - Garden Rocks55 East 89th Place Chicago, IllinoisELECTRICAL CONTRACTORSMEADE ELECTRICCOMPANY, INC.ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORSWIRING FOR LIGHT & POWER3252 TelephoneFranklin Blvd. Kedzie 507032 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEELECTRIC SIGNSFEDERAL NEONSIGNS•FEDERAL ELECTRIC COMPANYCLAUDE NEON FEDERAL CO.8700 South State Street•W. D. Krupke, '19Vice-presidentELECTROLYSISHAIR REMOVED FOREVER17 Years' ExperienceFREE CONSULTATIONLOTTIE A. METCALFEGraduate NurseALSOELECTROLYSIS EXPERTMultiple 20 platinum needles can beused.Permanent removal of Hair from Face,Eyebrows, Badk of Neck or any partof Body; destroys 200 to 600 Hair Rootsper hour.Removal of Facial Veins, Moles andWarts.Member American Assn. Medical Hydrology andPhysical Therapy and III Chamber of Commerce$1.75 per Treatment for HairTelephone FRA 4885Suite 1705, Stevens Bldg.17 No. State St.ENGINEERSNEILER, RICH & CO. (not inc.)ENGINEERSCONSULTING, DESIGNING ANDSUPERVISINGAir Conditioning HeatingElectrical VentilatingMechanical Sanitary431 So. Dearborn StreetTelephone Harrison 7691FENCESANCHOR POST FENCE CO.Ornamental Iron — Chain Link —Rustic WoodFences for Campus, Tennis Court,Estate, Suburban Home or Industrial Plant.Free Advisory Service and EstimatesFurnished333 N. Michigan Ave.Telephone ST Ate 5812FLOWERSCHICAGOEstablished 1865FLOWERSPhones: Plaza 6444, 64451 364 East 53rd Street Malaysia Commission on ReligiousEducation, particularly in leadershipeducation and children's work, requiresmuch of her time and effort, as does theMalaysia Message, edited by Dr. PaulB. Means, and various committees, including the newly formed Chinese Conference.C. Sansom, PhD, is an instructor atthe Normal School at Calgary, Alberta,Canada.Yole Scionti married A. Arangurenin 1934 and they have one son, fouryears old. The Arangrurens live atViento A. Meurto 183, Caracas, Venezuela.A. L. Spohn, AM, makes his homeat 12 Coolidge Street, "Hammond, Indiana.Robert White, Jr., assumed responsibilities as "principal of the HighSchool and Junior College in Burlington, Iowa, the first of January.Head of the Department of HomeEconomics at George Pepperdine College, Mrs. Callie Mae WilliamsCoons is a fellow of the American Public Health Association.Edward J. Zeiler, AM'32, elementary school principal at Whitefish Bay,Wisconsin, supervises and administerstwo elementary schools, with a totalenrollment of seven hundred.1930Principal of the Kingman, Indiana,High School, Lloyd H. Barker married Madge E. Drollinger on August14, 1926. They have three sons, EldonLloyd, 10, and twins, Robert Maynardand Eugene Thomas, 7.Emma Beekmann teaches at LincolnHigh School in Lincoln, Nebraska.Stanley A. Cain, PhD, Universityof Tennessee, Knoxville, is joint authorof a Winter Key to the Trees of Eastern Tennessee, published in the Journalof the South Appalachian BotanicalClub. Dr. Cain has been elected treasurer of the Ecological Society ofAmerica.Hilding Bror Carlson, SM'32,PhD'37, is clinical psychologist at theMunicipal Psychiatric Institute, 1121South State Street, Chicago.Stanley G. Dulsky, PhD'34, is psychologist at the Institute for JuvenileResearch, 907 South Wolcott Avenue,Chicago, Illinois.Elizabeth Thomason Griffin(Mrs. J. A.) 10444 South Bell Avenue, Chicago, has two fine youngsters, Elizabeth, 3 years old, and Emory Arthur, 10 months old, and a newhouse to keep her busy, but she findstime to be active in local charity organizations.Laurence F. Graber, PhD, attended the Fourth International Grassland Congress at Oxford England, andthe Welsh Plant Breeding Station,Aberystwyth, Wales, during the summer of 1937, along with a group ofAmerican agronomists and ran^e specialists. He also toured England, Scotland, Wales, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Austria "and France;The group visited the leading plant re search institutions of these countries, aswell as the rural districts.Dorothea Jackson, cadet supervisorin the Seattle Public Schools, waselected president of the WashingtonAlumnae chapter of Pi Lambda Thetafor 1937-38.Dorothy Leggitt, AM'33, teachesgeography and history at the WydownSchool, Clayton, Mo.Day Monroe, PhD, is with theUnited States Department of Agriculture in Washington, D. C. She is chiefof the Economics Division of the Bureau of Home Economics. -Herbert T. Olander, PhD, is assistant professor of education and psychology at the University of Pittsburgh.Helen W. Parkes is at presentworking as laboratory technician in theout-patient department of the University of Chicago clinics.John Ross Slack's book The RuralTeachers' Work, was published inMarch by Ginn and Company. Heteaches rural school management andelementary school methods at IowaState Teachers College.Grace Mabel White, formerly atthe Kansas City Public Library, is nowMrs. E. M. Schlafer, Kirkland, Washington, R. F. D. No. 2, Box 164.Clyde D. Wilson, DB, 144 BroadStreet, Middletown, Connecticut, is nowrector of the Church of the Holy Trinity there.1931In addition to teaching a variety ofcourses in the field of education andpsychology at Limestone College, Gaffney, S. C, Hubert P. Beck, AM, isin charge of the demonstration andpractice school, which he promoted andestablished. He also shares with professor Mitchell an in-service course.For the past two summers he has beencompleting his thesis for the Ph.D. atColumbia.Jay R. Bone, AM, of Fremont, Ohio,teaches American History and directsdramatics at the Fremont High School.Boyd B. Burnside recently accepteda teaching position at the High Schoolin Stoughton, Wis.Catharine B. Calhoun, AM, ofFurman University, is busy at thepresent time preparing a text on ArtStructure.Wilton S. Clements, AM'36, is theinstructor in charge of the John FiskePlayground, 6121 Ingleside Avenue,Chicago. Clements is the proud fatherof a year-old daughter, Jane Elizabeth("Betsy").Frank P. Cullinan, PhD, is secretary-treasurer of the American Societyof Plant Physiologists for a two-yearperiod. He visited the Province ofOntario, Canada, recently and gave several addresses before the horticulturistsof the Province.Lucia Downing, who has been Mrs.James Hewitt for the past three years,writes from Onsted, Michigan, andtells us she has a daughter, Elizabeth,born September 12, 1937.Jane E. Clem, AM, had an articlein May, 1937, issue of The Journal ofTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 33Business Education on "The PersonalUse Course in Typewriting." She ishead of the typing department and instructor of typewriting methods at theState Teachers College at Whitewater,Wis.Anna Durning is teaching at theHarding High School in St. Paul,Minn. Her subjects are American history, ancient history, and medieval history.A member of the faculty at the Louisville Normal School until it closed inJune, 1935, Bianca Esch is now principal of the George Rogers ClarkSchool in Louisville.George F'riede, JD, served in thelast session of the Oregon legislatureas a Democratic representative fromMultnomah County (Portland), and inthe Democratic primary held in Maywas renominated.Edith S. Hausler, 7348 PaxtonAve., Chicago, recently returned froma West Indies cruise, followed by avisit in Mexico; she drove into Mexicoon the fine new highway and greatlyenjoyed seeing Cuernavaca, Taxco,Puebla and other interesting places.Charles G. Hunt, AM, has beenprincipal of the St. John TownshipSchools in Dyer, Indiana, since lastSeptember.Charles A. Jaquith, AM, retiredlast July and now lives in Union Village, Vt. He had been professor ofEnglish in Talladega College, Alabama,for twenty- two years.John P. Kirmiz, SM'31, writes fromAlexandria, Egypt, where he is general secretary of the Y.M.C.A. : "I amvery glad that the Alumni Magazineenables me to keep in touch with theprogress of events in our Alma Mater."Marguerite McNall, who completed her X-Ray course at Augustanalast January, is now in charge of theX-Ray Division at Woodlawn Hospital,Chicago.Mary L. Mielenz, 1234 J. Street,Lincoln, Nebraska, has been workingas critic of English in the ExtensionDivision at the University of Nebraskawhile at the same time completingwork for the Ph.D. degree in the Department of Education.Home on furlough from medicalwork in China, Margaret May Prenticeis working at Chicago for her master's degree.Priscilla B. Pritchard (Mrs. LyleT.) writes they are now living at 523Delaney Park Drive, Orlando, Florida.Priscilla Suzanne celebrated her second birthday May 21.During the summer of 1937, E. V.Pullias, AM, accepted a position withGeorge Pepperdine College, Los Angeles, as professor of educational psychology. The first year with this college he spent abroad, particularly atthe University of London, giving special study to abnormal psychology andrnental^ hygiene and their relation toeducation.Sallie E. Robison, AM, is personnel director at Louisiana PolytechnicInstitute at Ruston.Joseph H. Shull, AM, high school teacher, makes his home at ColumbiaCity, Ind.Robert W. Tucker, 3907 DumaineStreet, New Orleans, La., is field representative for the Credit Union Section of the Farm Credit Administrationfor Western Tennessee, Alabama,Mississippi, and Eastern Louisiana.Herbert J. Voelz, printer, is connected with the Lightner PublishingCorporation, Chicago.1932Helen McLandress Abernethy(Mrs. G. L.) AM, of Canton, Missouri,taught at Culver-Stockton College thispast summer.Arthur E. Arnesen, AM, is supervisor of research for the Salt Lake CityBoard of Education.Leona Baidwin is a teacher at theWashington Elementary School of Kalamazoo, Mich. In the summers of 1936and 1937 she studied at Teachers College, Columbia University.Safety Through Education is the titleof the book G. W. Bannerman, AM,recently wrote for publication by theMutual Insurance Company. He is principal of the Senior High School ofWausau, Wis.Superintendent of elementary training at Southern Illinois Teachers College, W. G. Cisne, AM, now has chargeof Brush and Allyn Training Schools.Bingham Dai, AM, PhD'37, is assistant professor of medical psychologyat^ Peiping Union Medical College,China.Florence G. Hedtke teaches atBowen School, Riverdale, 111. She isworking for her Master's degree atpresent.Emil H. J. Rintelmann, AM, is aninstructor at the Milwaukee UniversitySchool. His subjects include collegemath, junior high arithmetic, mechanical drawing and manual arts.H. H. Ryan, PhD, is director ofintegration at State Teachers College,Montclair, N. J.Leonard L. Schilb, AM, continuesteaching science at the Thornton Township High School, Harvey, 111.Grace H. Stowe, AM, is head of the -English Department at Kobe College,Okadayama, Nishinomiya, Japan.R. A. Studhalter, PhD, is directorof the field courses in biology of theTexas Technological College, Lubbock,Texas. Last summer the field workwas in Gallinas Canyon, Santa Fe National Forest, New Mexico, and in thePacific Northwest and Canada duringthe second term.George M. Thomas, Jr., is ministerof the Congregational Church in Jamestown, N. D. In 1936-37 he was moderator of the State Conference. He isvery proud of his son Robert born lastyear.Wilbert L. Terre, SM, is associatedwith Edwal Laboratories, Inc., 732South Federal Street, Chicago, as anindustrial chemist.Donald A. Wallace, PhD, has recently accepted a position with theAmerican Dental Laboratories in Chicago, . FORM CLAMPSUNIVERSAL FORM CLAMP CO.Form Clamping and Tying DevicesBuilding Specialties972 Montana St., Chicago, Illinois•San Francisco — Los Angeles — Jersey City— Philadelphia — Cleveland — Houston —Boston — New York — SyracuseFRACTURE APPARATUS "FRACTURE EQUIPMENTORTHOPEDIC BRACESSPLINTSBONE INSTRUMENTS•ZIMMER MFG. CO.WARSAW, IND.GROCERIESLEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: Hyde Park 9100-1-2QUALITY FOODSTUFFSMODERATE PRICESWE DELIVERHANDWRITING EXPERTVERNON FAXONEXAMINER OF QUESTIONEDDOCUMENTS(Handwriting Expert)134 TelephoneN, La Salle St. Central 1050HEATINGPHILLIPS, 6ETSGH0W GO.ENGINEERS & CONTRACTORSHeating, Ventilating, Power,Air Conditioning32W. Hubbard St TelephoneSuperior 61 16HOTELBLACKSTONEHALLanExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748 TelephoneBlackstone Ave. Plaza 3313Verna P. Werner, Director34 THE UNILAUNDRIESMorgan Laundry Service, Inc.2330 Prairie Ave.Phone Calumet 7424Dormitory ServiceSUNSHINE LAUNDRYCOMPANYAll ServicesDry Cleaning2915 Cottage Grove AveTelephone Victory 5110THEBEST LAUNDRY andCLEANING COMPANYALL LAUNDRY SERVICESAlsoZoric System of Cleaning- : - Odorless Quality Cleaning -*: -Phone Oakland 1383LETTER SERVICEPOND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHooven Typewriting MimeographingMultigraphing AddressingAddressograph Service MailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones 418 So. Market St.Harrison 8118 ChicagoLITHOGRAPHERL C. Mead '21. E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph — Offset— Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabash 8182 MASONRY REPAIRSI. ECKMANTuck Pointing and BuildingCleaningWindow Calking7452 Cottage Grove Ave.Phone Vincennes 6513MATTRESSESSOHN & COMPANY, IncManufacturers ofMATTRESSES &STUDIO COUCHES1452 TelephoneW. Roosevelt Rd. Haymarket 3523 ERSITY OF CHICAGO ME. Oriole Wisner, AM, is associate professor of education and directorof teacher training at HuntingdonCollege, Montgomery, Ala.1933Dorothy L. Allen teaches Englishat the Kelvyn Park High School inChicago.Roberta G. Andrews is now engagedin social work in Norristown, Pa.Karl S. Bernhardt, PhD, is a member of the University of Toronto psychology faculty.Mrs, Dorothy Schye Betts teachesat the Ray Public School, Chicago.Arthur C. Boyce, PhD, vice-president and professor of education at Al-borz College of Teheran, Iran, has beenworking with the Iranian GovernmentCommission on Adult Education.Ruth E. Bradshaw is principal ofCenter Elementary School of Aurora,111.Alice Forbes Cooke, now Mrs.Joseph C. Sibley, Jr., lives at 1213East 54th Street, Chicago.Helen F. Cutting, AM, is assistantprofessor of Spanish at Woman's College, University of North Carolina, atGreensboro, N. C.From Wiiliam B. Elson, Jr.,JD'35, 5321 Woodlawn Ave., Chicago,comes word of his engagement to Marjorie J. Allman, who attended the University from 1932 to 1933, the weddingto take place in July. Bill has beenassociated with Albert H. and HenryVeeder, 33 South Lark Street, since1935 and specializes in corporation law.This year Caroiine Emich, AM, isteaching at the Clara Barton School,Chicago.Sarah Gerlach, a visiting teacherin the Elmhurst (Illinois) ElementarySchools, took her master's degree atChicago last summer.Charles DuBois Hubert has beenelected acting president of MorehouseCollege, Atlanta, Georgia.Eiieen Humiston is teaching thisyear at the Lowell-Longfellow Schoolin Harvey, Illinois. During the pastsummer she directed Camp Ellenor forGirls, Watevliet, Michigan.Phila Humphreys, AM, is directorof the elementary schools of Manitowoc.Ray S. Lantz, AM, is assistant salesmanager of the A. O. Kempp FordSales.Clara Rynder, AM, is living inMarinette, Wisconsin, where sheteaches at the Marinette Junior-SeniorHigh School.For the last two years Mary E.Schuster, AM, has been a teacher atJoliet Township High School.John Voss, PhD, continuing his investigations of fossil pollen depositsduring the summer of 1937, collectedpeat material in Ohio, Pennsylvania,New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts,Maine, Vermont, and New Llampshire.Dr. Voss is now principal of a largehigh school in Peoria, Illinois.Clarice Whittenburg, AM, of theUniversity of Wyoming took only thespring quarter of her-" sabbatical leavelast year and visited a number of pub- AGAZINElie and private elementary schools aswell as the elementary training andlaboratory schools in several institutions such as George Peabody Collegefor Teachers, Columbia University, Oswego Normal School, and the University of Chicago.1934Agnes J. Agnew is teaching at theHighland School in Rockford, 111.L. L. Clifton, AM, has been deanof Huntingdon College at Montgomery,Alabama, since September 1, 1937. Formerly he was superintendent of schoolsat Tipton, Oklahoma. He goes in forphotography.John E. Duffield, at the Universityon a Commonwealth Fund Fellowshipfrom Oxford from 1931 until 1934, andMrs. Duffield (Jean E. Stellman '33),are living at Marcham Manor, Abingdon, Berkshire, England. Mr. Duffieldhas been studying medicine at Oxfordsince 1934 but last year did clinicalwork at the Cook County and Presbyterian Hospitals in Chicago. At present he is interning at St. Mary's Hospital in London and will take his degree and M.A. (in zoology) at Oxfordthis year. Mrs. Duffield reports thatshe has been taking some courses atOxford to keep herself from vegetatingcompletely. The Duffields' young son,Gervase Elwes, was three years oldJune 1.Mabel L. Eads, AM, who was onleave of absence from the Brush Training School at Southern Illinois Teachers College for the year 1936-37 tostudy at the University of Chicago, expects to finish her thesis and take theMaster's exam in geography this summer.G. V. Fuguitt, AM, formerly principal of the Mirror Lake Junior HighSchool in St. Petersburg, Florida, hasfor the last year been superintendentof public instruction in the PenellasCounty Schools. Liis address is 906Pine Street, Clearwater, Florida.Solomon Gershon, SM'35, wasawarded his doctorate at the MarchConvocation. He is teaching at the University of Illinois College of Pharmacy.Ruth A. Heath taught this pastyear at the Joseph Sears School inKenilworth, 111.Richard M. Kain, PhD, assistantprofessor of English at Ohio WesleyanUniversity, contributes numerous articles and reviews to technical and general periodicals. He is very proud ofthe two young Kains, Richard, 2V2,and David, 9 months old.Bernard Lang, JD'35, is now a lawclerk for the firm of Blum and Jacob-son, 110 South Dearborn Street, Chicago.Economic Ethics of John Wesley isthe title of the book Kathleen Walker MacArthur, AM, PhD'36, of Hollins College published recently.Gladys Dambman lives at 1361ASibley Street. Hammond, Indiana,where she teaches at the Irving School.Wade H. Marshall, PhD, has beenappointed an associate in physiologicaloptics at Wilmer Institute of Ophthal-A FEW MEN GROW BEARDS .... ANDANOTHER FEW JUST DON'T GIVE A DARNfbut the rest of us have long nursed a growing resentment toward (theunpleasant, time-wasting, daily ritual of shaving. Now the ZEPHYRROTARY SHAVER, based on an amazing new principle, eliminatesall the bother of primitive razor shaving.The ZEPHYR gives a quick shave and a good one. It ofiers a complete, progressive departure from obsolete clipper-type shavers.4 spiral steel BLADES inside of a protective sleeve, all built offinest high test steel, rotating at the rate of 266 times per second!This guarantees the clean, cool, close shave you have always wanted.A swell gift for commencement, and a practical one too, because it's some*_—-«^sb^9 thing that will be valued through a lifetime. Buy one now. IfJlagllflB your campus store cannot supply you, write direct.ZEPHYR SHAVER CORP. * 92 GOLD ST., NEW YORK, N.Y.P. S.— Would you like to reciv. a lucrative returnon your spare time during the vacation months ?Write lor details.mology at Johns Hopkins Hospital effective next fall. For the past twoyears he has been a National Researchfellow at Johns Hopkins MedicalSchool.Richard B. Pollack is with theAutomotive and Technical Paint Company, Inc., Los Angeles, California.Wippert A. Stumpf, AM, is an assistant in the Department of Education(in Home Study) at the University ofChicago and is continuing his graduate work.Flossie A. Viner, now on sabbaticalleave, is attending the University ofSouthern California.Ernest T. Walker, PhD, of LewisInstitute, had an article in the October1937 issue of Phi Delta Kappan, on thesubject: 'Are Individual DifferencesDesirable?"Kirby P. Walker, AM, is superintendent of schools in Jackson, Mississippi.John B. Weir, PhD, writes fromDehra Dun, India, where he is secretaryof the India Council, the co-ordinatingbody of the three missions of his church.H. O. Werner, PhD, of the Horticultural Department, University of Nebraska, is secretary-treasurer of theNebraska Potato Improvement Association. He is author of two of the papersin the annual report of the Associationfor 1937.1935W. G. Alsop, SM, who received thePh.D. degree in June, is now workingfor the Texas. Company in Beacon,New York.Marie Berger, JD'38, is now assistant solicitor for the U. S. Departmentof Interior. She goes in for activesports and still gets a kick out of bullsessions. Music is her hobby and thatincludes playing the mouth organ.Thorne Deuel, PhD, is chief of theIllinois State Museum at Springfield.Since September, 1937, O. W. Funkhouser, AM, has been principal of theAmboy Township High School.Gretta Griffis, AM, is with theEdison General Electric ApplianceCompany of Chicago as home economist.Helen M. Harrison is private secretary for the head of the Real EstateDepartment of Armour and Company,Chicago. Her hobby is rose gardeningon a summer home in Indiana. Esther C. Howes, AM'36, teachesdeaf-oral students at Parker High, Chicago.During the past agricultural season,Henry D. Lytton as economic analystfor the International Statistical Bureau, 70 Fifth Avenue, New York, hasspecialized in price forecasting of thedifferent grades and staples of UnitedStates and foreign cottons — a pioneerservice. He wrote the "1938 UnitedState Mohair Survey," for the International Textile-Apparel Analysis, Special Report No. 2, Vol. VII, May 4,1938.Harry Morrison, Jr. is in Geneva,Switzerland, studying international relations and taking trips through Europe. He reached there in time lastfall to attend the closing meetings ofthe League. He expects to make a finaltour of Europe this spring and returnhome sometime in the summer.Howard M. Rich, JD'37, has beenpracticing law since his admission tothe Bar in December, 1937, and is nowassociated with Maurice A. Barancik,'15, JD'17, in the Field Building, 135South La Salle Street, Chicago.Gerald Rotner, JD'37, has been anattorney with Jacobson, Merrick, Nier-nian and Silbert, 33 North LaSalleStreet, Chicago, since last September.This firm is headed by Lewis F. Jacobson who conducted the famous litigation resulting from the crash of theInsull Empire.1936Seymour Bernstein, SM, was oneof the nine students selected in Aprilfrom 28 applicants from universitiesand colleges throughout the country toreceive the assistance of Charles A.Coffin Fellowships in carrying on advance scientific research during thecoming college year. Bernstein isstudying for a PhD at Chicago and willdevote himself to research in the application of built-up films to the determination of absolute-ray wave lengths,Avogadro's number, and the charge ofelectrons.Albert B. Conkey, Jr., heads theDepartment of Music at the HawkenSchool (country day school for boys)in South Euclid, Ohio.Sylvia Gruener, AM, of 1537 South57th Avenue, Cicero, teaches geographyat Austin High, Chicago.35 My Purchasing Plans for 1938(You can help your alumni magazine getmore national advertising by checking thefollowing products dr services you are seriously considering purchasing. Your inquirywill then be forwarded to the advertisingmanagers of the products you check. Soplease check only items you are seriousllyplanning to buy.)esJt> ffuvitI AM SERIOUSLY CONSIDERING PURCHASING:Q FRIGIDAIRE Electric Refrigerator with Silent Meter MiserD HOOVER Vacuum Cleaner — priced from $49.75 to $79.50? SCOTT RADIO — World's finest 16-hibe model $192.50__ SLIT HEREB BWESTINGHOUSE PRODUCTS? Please send name of nearest dealer in WestinghouseRefrigerators. Ranges, Laundry Equipment. Table Appliances, etc.Q Please have Westinghouse representative call on merega rd i ng -. _ „.. _ „__ „_. Q LONGINES WATCH— Send details all latest models------- FOLD DOWN- — — — — -D BETSY ROSS SPINET PIANO -smart little "table top"models.N. Y. LIFE INSURANCE CO. Q Check here if interested inentering Life Insurance salesmanship. Check below if interested in receiving .information about;D Retirement Income ? Inheritance Tax Insurance? Family Income Plan Q Family Budget Book? Educational Insurance Q ... .. INSURANCE CO. OF NORTH AMERICAabout: ¦ Please send foldersO Comprehensive Auto Policy? Extended Coverage EndorsementO Personal Property InsuranceQ Household Inventory BookletD ALEXANDER HAMILTON INSTITUTE — Send, without cost, acopy of "Forging Ahead in Business."Q NEWSrAPER INSTITUTE OF AMERICA - Send, withoutobligation, your Writing Aptitude Test.Q BOOK-OF-THE-MONTH — Send booklet outlining how Cluboperates.i arid reserve free copy of "The Arts" by VanLoon.Q LITERARY GUILD — Send details of free membership in theGuild, and reserve free copy of "Collected Works ofEmite Zola."O FRANK BROS. SHOES— Send free copy of new Style Booklet.O ZEPHYR ELECTRIC SHAVER-New rotary principle.SCHOOLS AND CAMPS— Please send recommendations regarding:? Private School D Professional School P CampTRAVEL: I am considering a trip toon about....- 1938 Departing from _ „.{SS/RR)Please check only products or services you are seriously considering purchasing. Don't hurt your college by sending in insincereor unsigned inquiries.NAME „ ADDRESS „..„., . CITY , „ STATE m UNIVERSITY m CLASS.TO MAIL: Tear outcoupon carefullyalong dotted lines.Open Slit B in topsection with knifeor sharp pencil, \(A) 1(Copyright 1938 ,I Pat. Applied \ Fold down top section. Fold up bottom section. Inserttab A in slit 8 fromreverse side. Mailwithout postage.36 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe present address of Elizabeth S.Hart, Chicago teacher, is 148 NorthMayfield Avenue, Chicago.Julia C. Krenwinkel teaches socialstudies, English and handwriting inthe Junior High School of the Winnetka Public Schools, where she alsosponsors the Junior Red Cross. Lastsummer she demonstrated sixth gradeand the teaching of handwriting in thesummer school ; this summer in addition to that she will teach a course onthe Northwestern campus on Ideals andPractices in Junior Red Cross. She recently published two books on handwriting, The Winnetka ManuscriptWriting Book, self-instructive, and TheWinnetka Cursive Writing Book, together with a teacher's guide entitled"Helping Children to Change fromManuscript Writing to Cursive."Ivan Lee Holt, Jr., JD'37, attorney-at-law, is practicing at 506 WainwrightBuilding, St. Louis, Mo.Douglas L. Jocelyn was recentlyappointed principal of the MontgomeryHigh School in Montgomery, N. Y.Jerome Kritchevsky finished hiswork on his Master's at Chicago andtook his degree at the March Convocation.Marian E. Madigan, PhD, is working with seven teachers on a remedialreading program at the secondary levelin the Milwaukee Vocational School.This is her second year as co-chairmanof the remedial reading set-up, whichshe organized in 1936.1937Sarah Chakko, AM, is studying atthe University of Michigan this yearand in June expects to return to India. After twenty-five years of teaching,Elizabeth Dame (Mrs. Louis P.), ofBapco, Bahrain Islands, is just beinga housewife for a change. However,she is giving one day a week to theAmerican Girl's School teaching musicand handwork to Arab girls and alsoteaches Arabic to a group in the localWoman's Club.Bill and Herman Director, brothers, who have gone through school together from kindergarten in the Chicago schools to graduation from theUniversity of Chicago in 1937, takingthe same courses all through school andgetting exactly the same grade to thetenth of the point on their bachelor'scomprehensives in Political Science, lastsummer took the Civil Service examinations given by the Chicago ParkDistrict for the grade of junior andsenior personnel clerk. Both were successful and now work in the same officebut, through a stroke of luck, Bill isnow a junior personnel clerk and Herman a senior personnel clerk.When Sara K. Frame is not busywriting radio scripts for stationsWHIP and WWAE, in Hammond,Indiana, she likes to play golf andbridge.Bertrand F. Harrison, PhD, is acting chairman of the Department of Botany at Brigham Young University,Provo, Utah.Oliver Harrison, AM, is ministerof the First Christian Church in Pecos,Texas.Arturo C. Macias, AM, resumed hisposition as rural organizer in the Department of Cultural Missions of the"Secretaria de Educacion," in Mexico,the first of January after a year's leaveof absence.RUSH1888Dr. Charles W. Doty, writes fromBeaver Crossing, Nebraska, that forthe past six months he has been out ofcommission on account of arthritis.1891Dr. C. D. Boyd, of 240 West Wisconsin Avenue, Kaukauna, Wisconsin,specializes in diseases of the chest. Heis medical director of the J. B. Sanatorium as well as serving as city healthofficer.1892Continuing his general practice ofmedicine and minor surgery, Dr. William Davis Harrell, now eighty yearsold, says he has a considerable numberof patients in the country and on thevery day he wrote had driven five milesto see an eighty years old patient. Heis president of the Norris Citv StateBank and is surgeon of the Norris City(Illinois) Coal Mine.1909Dr. Arrie Bamberger, '07, surgeon,30 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago,is councilor at large for the ChicagoMedical Society, associate professor ofsurgery at the University of IllinoisMedical School, and ^chairman of theSurgical Division aT Jackson ParkHospital. 1912Dr. Aaron Arkin, PhD'13, is associate professor of medicine at Rush andprofessor and chairman of the Department of Medicine at Cook CountyGraduate School.Dr. Benjamin F. Davis, PhD'10,carries on his private practice of general surgery in Duluth. His office is located at 324 West Superior Street.Professor Russell Morse Wilder,'07, PhD' 12, is chief of the Departmentof Medicine, Mayo Foundation. Hiscontributions to medical and scientificjournals have been particularly on problems related to metabolism, nutritionand diseases of the glands of internalsection.1913Dr. Louis W. Sauer, PhD'24, is assistant professor in pediatrics at Northwestern University Medical School. Hehas written numerous papers in theJournal of the American Medical Association and pediatric journals — chieflyon vaccination against whooping cough.1914Dr. Milford E. Barnes, '12, is professor of hygiene and preventive medicine at the University of Iowa.Dr. Gleason C. Lake, PhD' 18, issenior surgeon at the U. S. MarineHospital, Seattle, Washington.Dr. Arthur L. Tatum, PhD'13, isprofessor of pharmacology at the University of Wisconsin.1915Dr. Frank G. Murphy, physicianand surgeon, is at present a councillorof the South Chicago Branch of theChicago Medical Society. He was formerly president of this same organization. He has his office at 9204 SouthCommercial Avenue, Chicago.1917Dr. Benjamin J. Clawson, PhD'19,is professor of pathology at the University of Minnesota and author of severalpapers on diseases of the heart and ontuberculosis.1918Dr. Harry L. Huber, '13, PhD'17,Chicago physician, has done considerable work in allergy and is the authorof "Pathology of Bronchial Asthma,""Hayfever Plants in the Chicago Territory," and "Dermatitis Caused by aCommon Weed." He was president ofthe Association for the Study of Allergyin 1937.1919Dr. George Thomas Caldwell,PhD'18, is professor of pathology atBaylor University College of Medicine.1920Frederick W. Mulsow, PhD, '19, hadan article on "Deaths from RadiumTherapy" in the Review of Tumor Therapy, September, 1937. Mulsow combines a private practice with directingclinical pathology at St. Luke's Hospital in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.Dr. Bernard Portis, '18, PhD'23, isassistant professor of surgery at theUniversity of Illinois School of Medi-PLEASE CHECK COUPON ON REVERSE SIDEo ¦»<P¦¦ cTO> a v»c> ¦oO—I • za Wi ¦<* ¦¦iUlO73 m0 >m I*Onpert-H• 700cJO r- 3 RI5*a 5~o COm• -o> sa,-.mZ oii 5CO ~Z-< f ?mo3-Z 11O ft ^ Tl#-< am IRSTMIT.510wYo.--z Oy? r¦ ¦ I ¦ ¦ I ¦ ¦I ¦ III ¦ ¦¦¦ Z r- >nun III llll llllPLEASE CHECK COUPO N ON- REVERSE SIDETHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 37cine and attending surgeon at CookCounty Hospital.1921Dr. Andrew C. Ivy, '16, PhD'18,Nathan Smith Davis Professor of Physiology and Pharmacology at Northwestern University Medical School, issecretary of the American PhysiologicalSociety.Dr. Louis Leiter, '19, PhD'24, is associate professor of medicine (LaskerFoundation) at the University of Chicago Clinics. His writings have beenmainly on clinical and experimental aspects of Bright's diseases.1924Dr. John E. Gordon, '16, PhD'21,now field director of the RockefellerFoundation International Health Division, goes to Harvard University Medical School this coming fall as professorof preventive medicine and epidemiology.1926Dr. Esmond R. Long, '11, PhD'19,director of the Henry Phipps Instituteand professor of pathology at the University of Pennsylvania, is chairman ofthe Division of Medical Sciences of theNational Research Council.Dr. Fredric M. Nicholson, '19,PhD'21, Chicago physician and surgeon,is an A. A. A. S. fellow, a member ofthe Harvey Society of New York, and afellow of the A. M. A. He has two children, Jo Ann and Jean.1927The practice of Dr. Nelson F.Fisher, PhD'23, Chicago physician, islimited to internal medicine. He is onthe medical staff of Northwestern.1934Dr. Hollis F. Garrard votes forgolf and fishing as his favorite sports.He is practicing medicine and surgeryin Miami Beach, Florida.Dr. Francis W. Huston, physiciannow located in Winchester, Kansas, isvery proud of his two youngsters — hisson will be three in August and hisdaughter was one in April.Dr. O. E. Torkelson carries on ageneral practice in Casper, Wyoming.He married Frances Rayburn of Waco,Texas, on May 4, 1935 and they havea son, Anthony Rayburn, who will betwo years old next August.1936O. W. Barlow, PhD'26, MD, is director of the Biological and ResearchLaboratories of the Winthrop ChemicalCompany of Rensselaer, N. Y.Dr. M. Kanai has a general practicein Fresno, California. Golf is his favorite sport.SOCIAL SERVICEThe Annual Dinner of the School andthe School Alumni was held this yearwith approximately three hundredalumni and students of the School inattendance on Monday, June sixth.Kathryn Lain, Secretary of the Association, introduced Miss Edith Abbottand, on behalf of the alumni asked Miss Abbott to preside. Georgia Ball, AM'31,president of the Alumni Association,was absent on service with the UnitedStates Children's Bureau, and FrankGlick, AM'30, vice president of theAlumni Association, was away on special service with the Social SecurityBoard. The whole group was glad tomeet and hear from Mr. Filbey, vicepresident of the University, who spokebriefly for the University administration.The students and alumni were givenan opportunity to express their appreciation to Fern Lowry of the staff ofthe New York School of Social Work,who has been a Visiting Lecturer in theSchool during the Spring Quarter.Mary Young, AM'26, spoke for theAlumni of the School and James Brown,IV, AM'37, spoke for the presentstudent group. Donald Howard, graduate student 1931-34, now of the Russell Sage Foundation in New York,who was here on his way to Seattle,spoke for the many absent alumni whomhe sees on his various social servicemissions throughout the country.The students and alumni were veryhappy indeed to have Miss Grace Abbott with us this year since she hasbeen in Geneva, Switzerland, at theInternational Labor Office for the lasttwo years. She spoke of the manyopportunities in the public social services and emphasized the very broad areafrom which our students now come, andthe encouragement that is being givenby the number of students now in theSchool holding state scholarships. MissDixon spoke regarding the Field Workprogram ; Harrison Dobbs of the extramural activities of the School and faculty, and Miss Wright of the presentmethod of granting the A. M. degrees.Miss Breckinridge was enthusiastically received by the students when shespoke briefly of the development andthe growth of the preprofessional program in the School. She also referredto the contributions of Julius Rosenwald, Julia Lathrop, and Graham Taylor in the professional education forSocial Work in Chicago. Messageswere sent from the group to Mrs. Case,Miss Lathrop's sister, to Mrs. Rosenwald, and to Dr. Graham Taylor. Greetings were also sent to Wayne McMillen,PhD, '31, who is out of residence forthe Spring Quarter.Kathryn Lain, AM'35, had charge ofthe business meeting of the AlumniAssociation immediately following theprogram. Roger Cumming, AM'36, wasunanimously elected president andMarie Walker Reese, AM'36, the newcounsellor.Earl Klein, PhD'38, has accepted anappointment as assistant professor inSocial Work on the faculty of the University of Iowa.Emil M. Sunley has been appointedprofessor of public welfare in the University of West Virginia.Fern Boan, AM'36, has resigned herposition in the Child Welfare Divisionof the Department of Public Welfare inOklahoma to take a position on the faculty of the University of Oklahoma. MUSIC PRINTERSHIGHEST RATED IN UNITED STATESENGRAVERSSINCE 1906 -+ WORK DONE BY ALL PROCESSES +-?¦ESTIMATES GLADLY FURNISHED +t- ANY PUBLISHER OUR REFERENCE +^RAYNEITDALHEIM &CO.20S4 W. LAKE ST., CHICAGO.PAINTERSGEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3 1 86E. STEWART FEIGHINC.PAINTING — DECORATING5559 TelephoneCottage Grove Ave. Midway 4404RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. TelephoneMonroe 3192PHOTOGRAPHERMOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF QUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago . . State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C. ALUMNIPLASTERINGSMITHSONPLASTERING COMPANYLathing and PlasteringContractors53 W.Jackson Blvd. TelephoneWabash 842838 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEPRESCRIPTIONSEDWARD MERZ L. BRECKWOLDTSARGENTS DRUG STOREDevoted to serving the Medical Profession and Filling PrescriptionsOver 85 Years23 N. WABASH AVE.TelephonesFor General Use Dearborn 4022-4023Incoming Only Central 0755-0759PRINTERSCLARKE-McELROYPUBLISHING CO.6140 Cottage Grove AvenueMidway 3935"Good Printing of All Descriptions"PUBLISHERSBOOK MANUSCRIPTSWanted — All subjects, for immediate publication. Booklet sent free.Meador Publishing Co.324 Newbury St., Boston, Mass.REAL ESTATEBROKERAGE MORTGAGESTHEBILLS CORPORATIONBenjamin F. Bills, '12, ChairmanEVERYTHING IN REAL ESTATE134 S. La Salle St. State 0266MANAGEMENT INSURANCEREFRIGERATIONPhones Lincoln 0002-3 Established \iD. A. MATOTManufacturer ofREFRIGERATORSDUMB WAITERS1538-46 MONTANA STREETRESTAURANTSMISS LINDQUISrS CAFE5540 Hyde Park Blvd.GOOD FOOD— MODERATE PRICESA place to meet in large and small groups.Private card rooms.Telephone Midway 7809in the Broadview HotelThe Best Place to Eat on the South SideCOLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 WoodJawn Ave.Phone Hyde Park 6324 Gladys Hall, '25, field work assistantin the School of Social Service, istaking a position on the faculty of theSchool of Social Work, Tulane University.Donald Hartzell, AM'37, field workassistant in the School of Social Service Administration, has taken a positionin the Public Assistance Division of theSocial Security Board, Washington,D. C.Henry Waltz, AM36, formerly withthe U. S. Children's Bureau, has accepted a position as director of Bethlehem Community Center in Qiicago.Some of the students who receivedthe AM degree in Social ServiceAdministration at the March 1938 Convocation and their positions include thefollowing: Dorothy Lois Dewey, casework supervisor, Child and FamilyAgency, Toledo ; Cecile May Hillyer,Board of State Aid and Charities, Baltimore, Maryland; Florence Ina Stevens, social worker, Family ServiceSociety, Buffalo, New York; and Barbara Hosford Thies, Child WelfareService, Department of Public Welfare,Jackson, Mississippi. Charles Rovtnis now working on an investigation ofthe Department of Public Relief, District of Columbia.Among the students who received theAM degree in Social Service Administration at the June 1938 Convocationwho have taken positions in Child Welfare are the following: Helen Case-bier, case worker in the Children's AidSociety of St. Louis, Charles W.Chilman, case worker, Chicago Orphan Asylum; Sara Ruth Cox, caseworker, Maryland Children's Aid Society, Baltimore; Frances Failing,child welfare worker, Indiana Soldiersand Sailors Children's Home, in Indiana; Charlotte Law Ford, caseworker, Children's and Minors' Service, Chicago; Mary D. Moore, childwelfare worker, Children's ServiceLeague, Sangamon County, Springfield,Illinois; Charles B. Olds, Jr., caseworker, Children's and Minors' Service,Chicago; and Eleanor C. Reichle,case worker, Rhode Island Children'sFriends Society, Providence, R. I.Students taking positions in statedepartments of public welfare includeElizabeth Bryan, who is going backto the State Department in Alabama,and Irvin E. Walker, who has takena position at the State Department ofSocial Welfare, Topeka, Kansas.Other students and their positions include :Catherine Street Chilman andElizabeth Schunk, case workers inthe United Charities of Chicago, LayleSilbert, case worker in the ChicagoRelief Administration ; Virginia Clary,field work assistant, School of SocialService Administration, University ofChicago ; Elizabeth H. Godwin, graduate fellow in the School; and Genevieve F. Miner, case worker with theFamily Service Society, Salt Lake City,Utah.The news of the death of MarjorieJane Penn, 36, AM'38, in Washingtonhas been received with deepest regret. Miss Penn was doing an outstandingpiece of work in the Child WelfareDivision in the Oregon Department ofPublic Welfare.SOUTH SIDE MEDICALThe Reunion was a big success thisyear. A number of very fine papers byfaculty and alumni were presented. Tothis reporter's mind, one of the highlights of the morning program was thepaper by Dr. Dragstedt on Lipocaiac,which he presented in his usual superbmanner so that every one could understand the progress of the research without the slightest difficulty. Many peoplewere also much interested in the colormotion pictures of the capillary circulation taken by Dr. Knisely of the Department of Anatomy.The paper which gained the most interest in the afternoon session was a•beautifully presented paper by SylviaH. Bensley, which gave the evidencethat alpha cells of the islands of Langer-hans are the cells responsible for theproduction of lipocaiac.At the banquet Doctors Phemisterand Post gave us many important factsabout changes in the curriculum andthe state of our investments in medicine, now totalling, according to Dr.Post, more than 40 millions of dollars.And Dr. Kyes gave a thought-provoking talk, saying that he would like theAdministration to formulate and publish a definite plan of action for ournext fifty years in medicine.The following officers were elected atthe business meeting of the Alumni Reunion: John Prohaska, President Emeritus; Carter Goodpasture, PresidentElect; C. Vermeulen, First Vice President; Charles Scott, Second Vice President. Members to the Alumni Councilfor one year : Sylvia H. Bensley, SamBanks, Alf Haerem.1932Alven M. Weil of Akron, Ohio, limits his practice to obstetrics and gynecology.1933Walter P. Covell is associate professor of Experimental Medicine at theGeorge Williams Hooper Foundation,San Francisco. He attended the meetings of the American Association ofAnatomists in Pittsburgh on his wayback after spending several months inresearch on the ear with Dr.. Guild atJohns Hopkins University.Joe F. Sammet has been at theWalter Hines Hospital for several yearsas the assistant resident in Roentgenology.1934Jandon Schwarz is assistant director of Mount Sinai Hospital, New YorkCity. He and Jessica Martha Poustwere married on May 11, 1937.1935Mrs. Herman Charles Martin (Dr.Mollie Radford,) has just spent fourweeks with her sister in Kent, England,and has now returned to her home atTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 39ROOFERSSante Fe, New Mexico, where she andher husband are equipping a ranch.A. C. Burt is located at the DetroitReceiving Hospital, and Georgia Met-zing.er Burt is interning at the Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit.K. L. Burt is now doing pathologyat the Michigan State Sanatorium atHowell, Michigan.Ruth Aaron married Dr. OscarAuerbach last autumn. They are livingat 260 North Third Street, San Jose,California.Deonarayan Omah Maharajh,after completing his work in the Children's Hospital in Halifax, passed theexaminations for the British License toPractice and has returned to Port ofSpain, Trinidad, to start a private practice.William J. Noonan has been theassistant resident in Urology at Billings for the past two years. May weexpress to Bill our sorrow at the recentloss of his mother.1937Glenn Smith is now in public healthwork at Pocatello, Idaho. His wife issoon to have a baby and Glenn is to return to Billings as Assistant Residentin Medicine, January 1st, 1939.Dr. and Mrs. Sam Banks and Dr.and Mrs. John Van Prohaska aregoing to the A.M. A. meetings in SanFrancisco.Elaine Thomas sent in the bestletter we received in reply to ourquestionnaire. She spent the winter inthe Pediatrics Isolation Ward of theNew Haven, Connecticut, Hospital, andis now in a lap of luxury at the Children's Community Center, which is awealthy and ideally managed children'shome. She has also been instructingmedical students at the Yale in pediatrics. She says the arrangement ofwork in the clinical years is almostidentical with that of Billings — clerkships in the 3d year, out-patient workin the 4th; in addition the men mustpresent a thesis based on original research as a part of their graduation requirements. This was the original planat Billings, but has been dropped. Nextyear she is to be in the Johns HopkinsHospital, Department of Pediatrics,with Dr. Park.Francis B. Gordon has a fellowshipfor next year with the British MedicalResearch Council. He will work onvirus diseases in London with Dr.Andrewes. He has a daughter, Ellen,born a month ago.Marjory Blahd is working in pathology at Michael Reese Hospital.Ormand Julian afer finishing hisinternship at St. Luke's this month isto be assistant resident in SurgicalPathology at Billings.1938Ralph Christenson is going intopublic health work. He will work atthe Marine Hospital in New Orleansfor the coming year.Clinton Compere, after teachingAnatomy at the University for sixmonths, is to intern at Henry FordHospital in Detroit. Recent papers by the Alumni are thefollowing :Huggins, C. and J. Post, Experimental subtotal ligation of the arteriessupplying the liver. Arch. Surg. 35 :878-886. Nov. 1937.Necheles, H. and F. Neuvelt, Studieson autodigestion : Is digestion of livingtissues (Claude Bernard's Experiment)local phenomenon? Am. J. Digest. Dis.and Nutrition, 4: 453-455. Sept. 1937.BORNTo A. Adrian Albert, '26, SM'27,PhD'28, and Mrs. Albert, a daughter,Nancy Elizabeth, May 29, Chicago.To Rob Roy MacGregor, '28, andMrs. MacGregor, their second child,Rob Roy III, April 3, 1938, New YorkCity.To Mr. and Mrs. Henry P. Bruner(Marjorie Williamson, '29, PhD'33),a son, Henry Williamson Bruner, bornApril 8 in Chicago.To Eugene J. Rosenbaum, '29,PhD'33, and Mrs. Rosenbaum (Rachel R. Comroe PhD'33), a daughter,Judith, on May 3, Chicago.To Lester C. S hep hard, '29, andMrs. Shephard (Daisy Dean '34) adaughter, Sandra Jean, Friday, May 6,1938.To Leo C. Rosten, '30, PhD'37, andMrs. Rosten (Priscilla Ann Mead'33) a son, Philip, March 16, BeverlyHills, Calif.To Robert Asher, '32, AM'34, andMrs. Asher, their second child, adaughter, Vicki, May 21, Bethesda,Maryland.To Lawrence J. Schmidt, '32, andMrs. Schmidt (Felice E. Barrett'29), a son, Peter Barrett, May 29,Chicago.To Wade H. Marshall, PhD'34,and Mrs. Marshall (Louise HansonPhD'35) a son, Thomas Hanson Marshall, March 21, 1938, Baltimore, Md.ENGAGEDEugene Beck, '31, to Margaret Ar-ford of Chicago.Margaret Lucy Brusky, '33, toMortimer Lav/ton Cashman of St.Louis, Missouri, and Nahant, Massachusetts.William A. Gleasner, }33, to iLucyEileen Heath. The wedding will takeplace in the fall.Margaret Allman to William B.Elson, Jr., '35. The wedding is scheduled for July.Mary Lou Price, '38, to WilliamMorse of Evanston. They plan to bemarried June 24.Gertrude Elizabeth Beard, ex, '39,to Alan Bruce Johnstone, ex '38.MARRIEDHarold L. Ickes, '97, JD'07, to JaneDahlman, May 24, Dublin, Ireland.Josef L. Hektoen, '25, JD'28, toEleanor Johnson, June 15 in Oakland,Neb. At home, 1311 North AstorStreet, Chicago.Iris R. Rundle, '31, to Roger V.Swift, AM'33, April 2; at home, 7807Chappel Avenue, Chicago.Archie Smith, JD'33, to Miriam BECKERAll types of RoofingHome InsulatingAll over Chicago and suburbs.Brunswick 2900RE-ROOFING — REPAIRINGRUGSAshjian Bros., inc.ESTABLISHED 1921Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED2313 E. 71st St. PJione Dor. 0009SHEET METAL WORKSECONOMY SHEET METAL WORKS•Galvanized Iron and Copper CornicesSkylights, Gutters, Down SpoutsTile, Slate and Asbestos Roofing•1927 MELROSE STREETBuckingham 1893SURGICAL SUPPORTSBRIDGE CORSETSandSURGICAL SUPPORTSBERTHA BRIDGE. DESIGNER926 Marshall Field Annex25 TelephoneE. Washington! St. Dearborn 3434TEACHERS' AGENCIESAlbert Teachers' Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoEstablished 1885. Placement Bureau formen and women in all kinds of teachingpositions. Large and alert College andState Teachers' College departments forDoctors and Masters; forty per cent of ourbusiness. Critic and Grade Supervisors forNormal Schools placed every year in largenumbers; excellent opportunities. Specialteachers of Home Economics, Business Administration, Music, and Art, secure finepositions through us every year. PrivateSchools in all parts of the country amongour best patrons; good salaries. Well prepared High School teachers wanted for cityand suburban High Schools. Special manager handles Grade and Critic work. Sendfor folder today.VERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE40 THE UNITEACHERS' AGENCIES (Cont.)AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. Jackson BoulevardChicagoA Bureau of Placement which limits itswork to the university and college field.It is affiliated with the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.Paul Yatesfates-Fisher Teachers' AgenqjfEstablished 1906616 South Michigan Ave., ChicagoHUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY25 E. JACKSON BLVD..Telephone Harrison 7793Chicago, III.Member National Associationof Teachers AgenciesWe Enjoy a Very Fine High School, Normal School,College and University PatronageUNIFORMSTailored Uniforms Made to MeasureWomen Doctors and Nurses, Stock sizeInterne SuitsANEDA McSWEENY1910 So. Ogden AvenueSEEley 3734 Evenings by AppointmentUPHOLSTERINGANDERSON & EKSTROMUPHOLSTERERS — DECORATORSREFINISHING — REMODELINGMATTRESSES— SHADES— DRAPERIESFurniture made to your order1040 E. 47th St. Oakland 4433Established over 40 yearsVENTILATINGThe Haines CompanyVentilating and Air ConditioningContractors1929-1937 West Lake St.Phones Seeley 2765-2766-2767X-RAY SUPPLIESX-RAY SUPPLIES& Accessories"At Your Service"Tel. Seeley 2550-51Geo. W. Brady & Co.809 So. Western Ave. Edith Bell, June 8, Providence, RhodeIsland.William Charles Korfmacher,PhD'34, to Lou'se Trowbridge Aver-ill, January 19, 1938, St. Louis, Missouri. At home, 6017 WestminsterPlace, St. Louis, Mo.Emma H. Bickham, '37, to William Alvin Pitcher, '34, June 10,Chicago.Ruth Roberta Stenge, '34, to William Wishnick, April 10, 1938, Chicago. At home, 444 St. James Place,Chicago.John H. Abrahams, '35, to JuliaJencks, April 30; at home §29 Buchanan Street, Topeka, Kansas.Walter James Wyatt, 'Jr., PhD'35,to Ethel Kathryn Day, June 14, Southern Pines, North Carolina.Jayne PaulMan, '37, to JohnFlint Dille, Jr., April 9, 1938, Chicago; at home, 9011 North Avenue,Niles Center, 111.Clara Sprague, '37 , to R. A. Edmunds, May 7, 1938; at home, 8115Ingleside Avenue, Chicago.Beatrice Bossen, '38, to H. S. Zislis,June 19. At home 7734 Cornell Avenue, Chicago.HlLDEGARDE L. BREIHAN, '38, tOForest D. Richardson, '37, June 11,Thorndike Hilton Chapel.Eleanor Cook Graham, '38, to JohnB. Nichols on June 11, Chicago. Address: Box 7, Foley, Alabama.Miriam R. Parkinson, '38, toFrench Peterson, June 11, Chicago.At home, 7806 Colfax Avenue, Chicago.Volney C. Wilson, PhD'38, to Virginia Dodd, June 11.DIEDCivil War veteran Elon N. Lee, '68,died at his home in Webster City, Iowa,where he had resided for sixty-fouryears, on May 9th, at the age of 98.Mr. Lee had hoped to return to theUniversity for his seventieth anniversary this June."E. T. Goble, MD'74, for fifty yearsa physician in Earlville, Illinois, diedon February 23 in his home in Earlville.William Allds Burnham, MD'77,retired physician and surgeon, January4 in Boulder, Colorado, aged 90.John Ritter, MD'80, assistant professor emeritus of medicine at RushMedical College, died 'in St. John'sHospital, Springfield, III, May 21. Hewas 84 years old.William H. Gunther, MD'83,March 27, Sheboygan, Wisconsin. Hehad practiced in Sheboygan fo1" overforty years and was associated withthe Sheboygan Clinic,John Henry Naureth, MD'91, whohad given up his practice of medicinesome years ago, died on April 16 inLakefield, Minnesota.W. A. Prouty, MD'93, veteran physician and surgeon, in Burlington, Wisconsin, on February 5.Edwin Herbert Lewis, PhD '94, oneof the members of the first faculty atthe University of Chicago and formany years head of the English Department at Lewis Institute, died June6 in Palo Alto, California, where he had been living since his retirement in1934. Mr. Lewis wrote the originalmusic and words for the Alma Mater.Edward C. English, MD'95, diedFebruary 16 in Rensselaer, Indiana,where he had practiced for more thanthirty years.Charles Edwin Jenkins, MD'00,physician and surgeon, died January29th at his residence in Brookfield,Missouri.Anna Bodler, ¦'01, former head ofthe Education Department at the NewJersey State Normal School, Newark,died April 4.Carl M. Pohl, MD'03, died in hishome in Chicago on June 3 after anillness of two months, at age 58. Oneof the organizers of the West Suburban Hospital in Oak Park and president of the Aux Plaines Medical Society, he had practiced in Chicago forsome thirty-five years.Vail Eugene Purdy, '06, JD'08,prominent lawyer of Sioux City, Iowa,May 18, From 1908 to 1910 he practiced law- in Omaha with Frederick R.Baird, '06, JD'18, later practiced lawin Dakota City, Nebraska, and -in 1918went to Sioux City, Iowa, where formany years and at his death he was amember of the law firm of Gleysteen,Purdy and Harper. Always continuingan active interest in the University, hewas president of the Sioux City AlumniClub for many years.Silas A. Tucker, ex '10, managerof the Manhattan Rubber Manufacturing Company, Chicago, April 14, inChicago.Nora Edmonds, '10, former superintendent of the Sarah Hackett StevensonMemorial Lodging House of Chicago,died February 25, 1938.Florence Marie Wolf, '13, formany years a Spanish teacher at Calumet High School, Chicago, died January 25, 1938, after a few days illness.George Rawlings Poage, '16,AM'18, PhD'23, professor of historyand director of the Department of History at Texas State College for Women,died April 27 in Denton, Texas. Hewas the author of Life of Henry Clayand the Whig Party.Angus Stewart Woodburne,DB'17, PhD'18, theologian, died February 13 in Madura, India. Missionaryin India from 1906-14 and with theAmerican Red Cross from 1918-20, hewas professor of philosophy at MadrasChristian College from 1920-30 andprofessor of theology at Crozer Theology since ,1930,Samuel- John House, '18, MD'20,physician, died at his home in Nashville, Tennessee, on December 26, 1937.He had not practiced since March 1930.He is survived by his wife, Mary IngalsHouse, '18.Frank J. Blackburn, '35, died May1. 1938, Chicago. He had worked asdraftsman and surveyor for the Oriental Institute, had taught photographyin the Art Department at the University of Chicago and last summerworked with the Anthropology Department at the Kincaid Mounds in southern Illinois.AN ADVERTISEMENT Of THE WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC & MANUFACTURING COMPANY • PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIAElectricity's eyes never close . . . its service is never asleepA BABY'S cry in the night ... aJ. X midnight prowler . . . sicknessthat strikes in the dark. How grateful we may well be in emergenciesfor the never-failing service ofelectric light! Yet how few of usrealize what it takes to make thatservice possible — what it has costover the past 50 years in the wayof investment, invention, engineering, and human toil.Trace the wires from your lightswitches, and you will find them connected to an intricate system oftransformers, protective devices,transmission lines, substations andgenerating plants that cost millionsto build. To keep such systemsfunctioning day and night, throughheat and cold, storm and flood,costs millions more. Vast additionalsums go yearly into research,development, and improvement.Electric service can never be called"perfect," because it is alwaysbeing made better and cheaper! Westinghouse contributions tothis progress have helped to blazethe trail of electricity from its sourceto its infinite uses. The generatingsystems — the transformers andnetworks — the lamps that burnlonger and brighter at less cost —all owe something to Westinghouseco-operation with progressivepower companies. This partnershipin the public interest is of directbenefit to every industry, businessoffice, farm and home in America.Westinghousezo&> tfl»for a lifetime offMORE PLEASUREbetter taste. refreshing mildnessCopyright 19}8, Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co.