Sl "¦» jitSl BS -1V 1J^d'%kV*-¦-HE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEGee, Mom, Were They All Poor People?"Not exactly poor, Bobby. They had money. But they didn't have all thenice things that we have — such as a radio, and electric lights, and a vacuumcleaner. You see, they didn't have electricity, or automobiles, or airplanes.Most of those things hadn't even been invented."EVEN as late as 1900, only one Americanhome in every seven had a bathtub; onein 13 had a telephone; one home in 30 hadelectric lights. There were only 8000 automobiles. Manufactured products were scarce andexpensive.Today there are 20 million bathtubs, 18 milliontelephones, 22 million wired homes, 25 million automobiles, and millions of other manu factured products which were unheard of in1900 but are now plentiful and sell at a fractionof their former cost.General Electric scientists and engineers, byapplying electrical methods to the tasks of industry, have helped to provide us with themany products that contribute to our comfortand convenience, and to the hundreds of services which we eniov todav.G-E research and engineering have saved the public from ten to one hundred dollarsfor every dollar they have earned for General ElectricGENERAL fl ELECTRICListen to the G-E radio program, with Phil Spitalny and his ali-girl orchestra, Mondays, 9:30 P.M., EST, NBC Red NetworkThe illustrations shown below are reproductions of afew of the many paintingsand drawings which Hen- \drik Van Loon made for .The Arts. A book of over '•800 pages, with over 100full -page illustrations, 48 ,in full color, 32 in wash—and in addition innumerable illustrative line drawings. fCC, . . FOR YOUR LIBRARY™eartsBYHENDRIKWILLEM VAN LOONRETAIL PRICE $3.95Van loon's purpose in this book—and he achieves it, beautifully,—is to give the general reader a lovefor and an understanding of the background of all the arts, through theages. He begins with the cave-drawings of 35,000 B.C. and comes downto our own day, with way-stops atEgypt, Babylon and Chaldea; at theAthens of Pericles ; amid the mysterious remains of Etruscan art; in Byzantium and medieval Russia; in thedesert of the Islamites and the gardens of Persia; in Provence, Renais- ! 'i^ABOVE : The beginning of our mod* \em orchestra. Jongleurs improvis- .ing a little concert while waitingfor their dinner to get ready in thekitchen.AT RIGHT: THE GENTLEMAN jPAINTER. Rubens leaves his native ,jtown on a foreign mission. Si sance Italy, Rembrandt's Holland andBeethoven's Vienna. We read notmerely about the towering figures —Giotto, Michelangelo, Velasquez,Wagner, Beethoven — but explore athousand bypaths. Troubadours, minnesingers, monks, saints, bohemians,generals— all troop by in a colorfulcavalcade. Always the close relationship of art to ordinary life is stressed ;and always the emphasis is laid on thehuman beings who made that art andwho have heard it, viewed it, enjoyed it3 for hundreds of centuries.AT LEFT : We admire the first steam engine of James Watt for its logical simplicity . . . but No. 1 of Bach's Well-Tempered Clavichord is beautiful for exactly the same reason,BELOW: THE OLDEST PIC-TURE OF MAN: The creature,Van Loon points out, is engaged inhis customary pastime of killinghis" ^iS'lWHY WE OFFER TO GIVE YOU A FREE COPY OF THIS BOOKv-^y.^J&fll^^^-E ls no reader of this magazine who would not find it in many ways to his^|lr^^| advantage to subscribe to the service of the Book-of-the-Month Club; and we make|f|$ I :$&$ tnis extraordinary offer in order to demonstrate that this is the case.1 mm5McW®^S^ What we here propose is this : mail the inquiry coupon, and a copy of this fine library'&&^4!zv&&£ volume will be put aside in your name, and held until we hear whether or not you careto join. In the meantime, a booklet will at once be sent to you outlining how the Club operates.Study this booklet at your leisure; you may be surprised, for instance, to learn that belonging tothe Club does not mean you have to pay any fixed sum each year; nor does it mean that you areobliged to take one book every month, twelve a year (you may take asfew as four); nor are you ever obliged to take the specific book-of-the-month selected by the judges. You have complete freedom of choice atall times. You also participate in the Club's "book-dividends," whichare valuable library volumes, like this new book by Van Loon. In 1936,the retail value of the books distributed free among Club members wasover $1,450,000. For every two books its members purchased, theyreceived on the average one book free.If, after reading the booklet referred to, you decide to join the Club, afree copy of the arts will at once be shipped to you.Here is a very interesting fact; Over 150,000 families— composed ofdiscerning but busy readers like yourself— now get most of their booksthrough the Book-of-the-Month Club; and of these tens of thousands ofpeople not a single one was induced to join by a salesman; every one of themjoined upon his own initiative, upon the recommendation of friendswho were members, or after reading— as we ask you to do— the barefacts about the many ways in which membership in the Club benefitsyou as a book-reader and book-buyer. BOOK-OF-THE-MONTH CLUB, Inc. A182385 Madison Avenue, New York, N. Y.r lease send me without cost, a booklet outlining howthe Book-of-the-Month Club operates. This request involvesme in no obligation to subscribe to your service. It is understood that if I decide to join I will receive a free copy ofTHE ARTS.Name Mr.MrsMiss,Address.. ¦.}¦ Please print plainlyCity.. ..State...Business Connections, if any..Your CollegeBooks shipped to Canadian members through Book-of-the-Month Club (Canada) Ltd.II.""-v%%^f course ,ia«iittao*>t"4)npar Mr.w**^*****^ i-i-A at my office forDe.^Q when you called ax my^- they would pay y RetirementT .,-,,«« + know; but now I have theV course, I ^J^repared by you- This s liciesincome" *ef>^fcalh surrender ^^ ufe annuityV Si.^^ ^ «SgrSr9t^S2 surrender value,thev would pay me in lieu^ginning at age 65.^ ^.^ tQ'°5S*l2?ll be\ought for a <lo*le P reP ent lfmy family s>Very truly yoursTHE personal service illustrated above is butone of the many ways in which the New YorkLife representative has the satisfaction of beinghelpful to his clients.Perhaps you, too, would like to know aboutthe "retirement values" of your present life insurance. If so, one of the New York Life's representatives will be glad to assist you . . . without any obligation on your part. College men may be interested in the New YorkLife's plan for 1938 to select a few qualified collegegraduates for its field organization in each of itsbranch offices. You may know of some promisingyoung man whom you would be willing to recommend for this work. If you will send us hisname and address, the Company will be gladto forward him a copy of a little book, "A Careerin Life Underwriting."SAFETY IS ALWAYS THE FIRST C O N S I D ERATIO N . . .N OTHIN G ELSE IS SO IMPORTANTNEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE COMPANYA Mutual Company founded on April 12, 1845THOMAS A. BUCKNER. Chairman of the Board 51 MADISON AVENUE. NEW YORK, N. Y. ALFRED L. AIKEN. PresidentTHE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEALUMNI COUNCILHoward P. Hudson, '35Associate EditorPUBLISHED BY THECharlton T. Beck, '04Editor and Business ManagerFred B. Millett, PhD '31; William V. Morgenstern, '20, JD '22; Paul MacleanContributing EditorsMilton E. Robinson, Jr., 11, JD '13; Dan H. Brown, '16; Ruth Stagg Lauren, '25Council Committee on PublicationsN THIS ISSUET HE COVER: A Capes photograph of Hutchinson Commons.Messrs. Miller and Tyroler seemto have started something. When weran the letters of these two alumni inthe last issue under the heading "Isthe University a Good Place forAlumni Children?" we soon heardfrom the rest of the precincts. Sinceour space is limited we are not ableto let you see all of the letters. Wehave, however, selected two whichwe are running in the main sectionof the Magazine this month and wecommend them to you. One is fromEarle L. Rauber, '24, the acting headof the department of Economics atAlabama | Polytechnic Institute andthe other from Paul O'Donnell, '07.a Chicago attorney. Still anotherview is expressed by Horace Butter-worth, '98, in the Letters column. If,after reading these opinions, you stilldon't know which side of the controversy you're on, don't give up.Messrs. Rauber, O'Donnell and But-terworth will undoubtedly have theircritics who will reply next month.Remember the chain letters?While we are still receiving letterson Teddy Linn's recent article, weplunge right in and print another article by him. This one is the lastConvocation address, and even if wehad wanted to avoid publishing it, the deluge of requests would have madeit inevitable.The Magazine seldom cribs fromits contemporaries, but we couldn'tresist The Higher Learning in Liberia which started at Harvard andis fast making the rounds. It's oneof the most amusing and pointed satires of our so-called institutions ofhigher learning that we've seen in along time.•We believed Howard Mort whenhe said that he didn't get even partof a toy train for his write-up of theAmerican Flyer company of W. Ogden Coleman '14, in the December"~ "~~ issue. But we suspect his motivesTABLE OF CONTENTS when he decides to interview a young„»„,.. ».. alumnus in the electric razor busi-FEBRUARY, 1938 A .., , . .Page ness- Anyway, it s a good story, andLetters 2 is featured in his Quad Rambles col-"Oh See, Can You Say?" James umn>Weber Linn 5 ©In Defense of President Hutchinsand the Chicago Plan, Earle L. William Morgenstern seems toRauber 8 subscribe to the "names make news"TH-n Campus Dissenter, Herbert theory as he lists the members of the(Bud) Larson 10 , ./ , .¦_, . rr ¦ ±,. ,„ „, „ , faculty elected to offices in the van-A Variation on the Theme, Paul , , ... „ . , ,O'Donnell ll ous learned societies. But he makesThe Higher Learning in Liberia '.'.'.'. 12 one rather Startling statement whenRollo L. Lyman-1878-1937, George he Sf S' "The "If^f °f P^,L. Marsh 13 presidents is smaller than the totalQuad Rambles, Howard W. Mort.... 14 of a few years ago, largely for theIn My Opinion, Fred B. Millett 16 simple reason that Chicago men al-News of the Quadrangles, William ready have headed up most of theV. Morgenstern 18 important societies." The rest of theAthletics, Paul Maclean 21 discussion is found in News oj theNews of the Classes 24 Quadrangles.Published by the Alumni Council of the University of Chicago monthly, from November to July. Office of Publication, 403 Cobb Hall, 58th St. atEllis Avenue, Chicago. Annual subscription price $2.00. Single copies 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, at the Post Officeat Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. The Graduate Group, Inc., 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City, is the official advertising agencyof the University of Chicago Magazine.2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELettersCOMMENDATIONJust a brief note to express my commendation relative to the January issueof the University of Chicago Magazine.This is an excellent issue, full of thesort of information which interests allalumni. It makes an excellent start forthe new year. Keep up the good work !Walter F. Loehwing, '20, PhD'25.State University of Iowa,Iowa City, Iowa.AND STILL THEY COME.... Add my favorable commentsto the many sent in concerning "Teddy"Linn's illuminating article of last month.It had the old zip and stimulatingthought for which Teddy's tousled headis so beloved.Seward A. Covert, '26.ALLEN FUND GROWSI read with great pleasure Mr.M. S. M.'s letter about Phil Allen. Hesaid well what anyone who had theprivilege of being for some time in contact with Phil Allen, could not help butfeeling intensely.As I listened to the Great Old Manduring a few courses in the last yearsand as I had also the honor of havingan occasional drink with him, I enclose$5.00 as my contribution to the causesuggested by Mr. M.If I ask you to kindly not mentionmy name, it is not only to remain true,in this, to the spirit of Phil Allen, butalso to avoid embarassing questionsfrom my creditors, who might want toknow where I got the money. (I don'towe anything to Mr. Cotton, at this day,and I think I paid all my fines to theLibrarian.) . . . You also might doaway with bombastic words in (this)letter, or such that might have angeredthe Old Man would he read such thingsabout himself. After all, you knew him.And how do I know that he is notspooking around some place and somenice day will not let fall a brick on mydull head from the fourth floor of Cobb ?R. B. J."DISCUSSION AND SUGGESTION"In re the discussion of plans for theperpetuation of the memory of the lateProfessor Philip Schuyler Allen: theplans laid so far have agreed only intheir propositions that the late Phil Allenlives in the vivid recollections of manyin the University community, as well asin the recollections of those others overthe decades who had the fortune to as sociate with him, and that the collectedefforts of these persons might be directed toward a "memorial" of an as yetundetermined nature.It is most difficult for me to expressanything that might be relevant to thissubject, for he was to me a friend, inthe deepest sense. However, amongother things, it has occurred to me thata brief brochure enclosing the possibleorations of those who might have beeninvited to "speak in the order of hisfuneral" but didn't, and which whensold would bring a return of twenty ora hundred times its extrinsic valuemight make the beginning of a fundwhich would be administered so aseither to provide a small fellowship fora student who was deserving as well aspenurious, or an annual get-together forthe latter-day wastrels who groupedthemselves about Phil Allen's meta-phoric knee in the later years and absorbed that which he spoke and whichconditioned them, each and all, in theirconceptions of the University of Chicago, and Life.It was the latter idea which was mostappealing at the outset, but furtherthought on the matter brought the conclusion that the purpose would therebybe lost or obscured by the means for itsachievement. Anyone can have a partyto honor the memory of Phil Allen, andany time, too.And the most unrevealed and themost powerful force in Phil Allen's lifewas his kindliness, shown, if by nothingelse, by the unrequited favors he bestowed on multitudes of people throughout his life and who asked nothing fromhim.Would it not be finer and the moreappropriate to spend the time and theeffort necessary for a campaign, casualenough, but concerted enough, to collect the funds sufficient for a permanent plaque in Wieboldt, or a collectionof essays by those who are sufficientlyable to read and write as to be able tocontribute, or an Allen fellowship todefray the expenses of a deserving Germanics student? Rather than a shortflurry of effort directed at nothingspecific and at no defined group, andwhich would immediately die afterbeing miscarried?Which is to suggest that the fundscome first, and the expenditure comeslast, and the administration comes inbetween — but here we are, sniffing theair, and thinking about Phil Allen, andthinking at the same time that he wasthe only person we ever knew whodidn't give a damn what happened tohim, just so he could be finding certainordinary things to be true in terms ofhimself, and not because someone else, for whom he cared not to concern himself, had found them so.One of his remarks, typically crypticuntil one thought about it, was: "Lifeis all right, except that it doesn't workout that way." And this was true because Phil Allen knew of what he spoke.So in trying to emulate his vigor, intrying to emulate his strength, in trying to emulate his intellectual certitude,we may be better off for the trying, butwe must not be concerned with any attempt at preserving his memory, whichis not worthy of the things for whichwe know he stood. He may not havebeen aware of his being highly in favorof many things besides the Universityof Chicago and his immediate family,but we could see that in the man was aspark, of which he himself knew naught,which was kindled of kindness and of adeep-rooted desire to give whatever hehad to others.Discussion and suggestion are nownecessary, that we may concert anddirect what spontaneous gifts will beforthcoming to a material conclusion tothe strangest campaign ever— that ofsetting out to preserve something thatcan never die anyway.Sam Hair, '35.Chicago."DEPTH OF ITS SOURCE"The following lines have been suggested by the articles in the Magazine,just received, entitled "Is the University a Good Place for Alumni Children ?"In answering this question, parentsmust decide what they want for theirchildren in the way of education. Isknowledge of how to make money thesine qua non of college training? orathletic skill? or social availability?It is the children who are to ride thewinds of the future, or to wallow in itsmire. If they are to have a voice indeciding what sort of advanced training they are to have, and where theyshall get it, it is imperative that parentsbe prepared to guide with intelligentand far-seeing wisdom to the end thatthe best, the most desirable, and themost enduring shall not be missed.Forget not the old Latin quotation:"Times are changed and we arechanged in them." But who, or what,changes the times?"Words are things and a small dropof ink, falling like dew upon a thoughtproduces that which makes thousands,perhaps millions, think."Of course the Thinkers change thetimes.You do not want the times changed?Your wishes, your influence, your utmost efforts will neither retard norhasten the momentum of change in theTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 3Jniverse as a whole, nor in any infinitesimal portion of it, except in theminutest of minute degrees. Willy-nilly* your chidren will spend theirlives in a changing world, and the onlything which will enable them to enjoyto the full the advantages, or to overcome the disadvantages, which may result from these changes, is an educationwhich will endow them with membership in that select society of the "fewwho use the grand prerogative ofmind.""As a man thinketh, so he becometh.""Seek ye first the good things of themind, and the rest will either be supplied or their loss will not be felt." "Weare limited only by the thoughts wechoose." "By their own thoughts mengo down, by them rise upward all, likethe diggers of a well, like the buildersof a wall." It is the testimony of theAges that "There is no expedient towhich the average person will not resort to avoid the real labor of thinking."We all know that thousands on thousands of young men and boys play baseball; tens of thousands would like tobecome members of one or another ofthe Big League teams ; only a few hundred reach that goal; only a baker'sdozen become stars of the first magnitude.The way is open to all — why do sofew reach the top? The answer is tobe found in the following quotationfrom Emerson : "A vivid thought bringsthe power to paint it; and in proportion to the depth of its source is theforce of its projection.""The depth of its source"— the thousands fail because the desire to becomea Big League player does not comefrom deep down in their consciousness— it is only a surface wish, a randomthought; their ambition is not strongenough; they do not try hard enough;they want things to come too easily;they want "something for nothing."A desire for anything at all is projected upon the plane of our interiorconsciousness, and by an inevitable lawit is eventually materialized in precisemathematical proportion to the force ofthe desire — to the depth of the thought.Of the millions and millions of individuals who people and have peopledthe earth, very few are or have beenwilling to think. James Brice remarksthat "to the vast majority of mankindnothing is more agreeable than toescape the need of mental exertion. Tomost people nothing is more troublesome than the effort of thinking." Butask anyone who has ever made a serious attempt to make use of the powerof thought in the way of invention, ofcreating a textbook, of imaginative • | Up inn iiHotel-resOH l^TRAVEL-DEPARTMENTFor space and rates in our departments write to 8 Beacon Street Boston/ Massachusetts/ U. S. A.TRAVEL TRAVELESCAPE from mediocrity this year. Enjoy a heartwarming, soul-satisfying vacation in Switzerland. Learnwhat courtesy and hospitality really mean. Return to America^with a rejuvenated outlook inspired by the majesty of the SwissAlps, the scintillation of the lakes, the charm and quaintnessof the country.Your dollar is worth 42% more since the devaluation of thefranc. Railroad fares have been reduced as much as 45%. Novisas, no money formalities. Ask your travel agent or write forBooklet ¥G-1.SWISS FEDERAL RAILROADS475 FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORKM. BICYCLE .. .C^through "Unspoiled Europe." Small groups A._, for students and teachers in company of "«rM. European students. See much more and -^O spend much less. 10 wk. all inc. trips inc. ftsteamer from $298. General and specialized "trips available. Write for free booklet W. "M7R SITA, 2929 B'way (opp. Columbia), N.Y.C. ¦*EUROPE $65 MEXICO $30Via freighter, the pleasant way thousands travel.Large outside rooms ; good meals. 65 days to England,Belgium, Holland, Cuba, Mexico, $180. Hundredsof others. Prove you can afford to travel. Get theONLY COMPLETE booklet listing ALL freighter trips.Send 25 cents (coin or stamps) HARIAN PUBLICATIONS, Dept. DP, 270 Lafayette St., New York City. MISSISSIPPITHE WHITE HOUSE, Biloxi, Mississippi. Finestresort hotel on Mississippi Gulf Coast. 18 hole golfcourse, boating, fishing, other sports. Luxuriousaccommodations, tempting food & excellent service.American Plan (incl. meals) JOHN T. WHITE, Mgr.NEW YORKALLERTON CLUB RESIDENCES NEWYORKRates from $2 daily — #11 weekly. 3 mid-town locations. For Booklet write MidstonHouse, Boom 114, Madison Ave, at 38th St.HOTEL SEYMOUR K^lVa1theatres, shops, art galleries, Radio City. Quiet refined surroundings. Single $3.50 up ; double $5. 00 up.story-telling, of painting, of teaching aboy or girl to master co-ordination ofbones and muscles in games, in gymnastic exercises, in playing a musicalinstrument, and you will find that notone of that vast number will be willingto exchange the satisfaction which hasbeen theirs, in this manifestation of thepower of thought, for anything else thatthe mind can conceive.And so, in an educational world whichhas gone "haywire' to a very considerable degree during the past thirty years,let us who have profited by the generosity, the wisdom, and the unselfishefforts of those who laid the foundations of this institution both broad anddeep — let us, like Joshua, hold up thearms of this young President of ourswho has the courage to reassert thefundamental necessity of makingThought — trained, cultivated, strenuous thinking — the body, the soul, andthe Glory of the educational training which is to be had at the University ofChicago1.Horace Butterworth, 98.Belleville, New Jersey."DERANGED METABOLISM"Many thanks for printing the RadioRound Table's discussion of "The NewLiberalism." I heard the broadcast andtook it as a matter of scraching at imagined flea-bites, when the actualtrouble was one of deranged metabolism. I still think so. How long shallour "liberals," "conservatives," "reactionaries," and "radicals" continue tomess around with symptoms, instead ofgetting down to fundamentals?I note that the three Knights talkedglibly of "rights" and "freedom," without specifying what human beings, ashuman beings, should be free or havethe rights to do. Surely, "rights," and"freedom" do not exist in a vacuum;(Continued on Page 9)'HP*. fp0* ¦* 0L*. r .^TIS*""*!m 3k*k Jfl BV : ^* -fr-rHilnt £/•»„, , i ._f " V|k "*. It Takes All Kinds of People. . . .To Make aUniversityHere are some of the men whose varied and multitudinous interests blendtogether to foster the greatness ofthe University of Chicago.HARRY A. BIGELOW (left) — He is th.distinguished dean of the Law School.JAMES L. CATE and HAROLD A. SWENSON— Cate, an historian, is a popular teacher inthe Humanities. Swensen is a specialist onhypnotism, resides in Psychology.W. LLOYD WARNER— A student of primitive society whohas spent many years in the Australian bush, he holds forthin both Anthropology and Sociology.DR. CHARLES E. SHANNON— In the football season you see himtending injured halfbacks and tackles, the rest of the year he watchesafter student health in the Clinics.ARTHUR H. COMPTON— Known the world over as theNobel prize winner in Physics, he chooses the banjo forrecreation. M. LLEWELLYN RANEY— Director of the Libraries, he is proudof his microphotography machine which preserves newspapers andbooks on film.VOLUME XXX THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINE NUMBER 4FEBRUARY, 1938"OH SEE, CAN YOU SAY?""By JAMES WEBER LINN, '97, Professor of EnglishI AM not a visitor in this city of beautiful educationaldreams. I have been here almost since the beginning of time — Univerity of Chicago time. So I maydispense with any effort to be eloquent, and discuss apractical problem. I say bluntly of the young men andwomen who are here today to get their degrees, they whowill in a few minutes be bachelors or masters or doctors,recipients of certificates of high qualification — I say wehave not educated most of them as we should.I shall take a text for my sermon. I shall take it fromthe paper of a senior student majoring in the Department of English, a paper handed in last week, on Coleridge. The student writes:"Coleridge in the "Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner"makes no attempt to seduce a hundred sundry termsfor the sake of apotheosizing his narrator — and incidentally confusing the reader. It seems reasonable tounderstand the aims of the poet as being, one : to writea narrative of extreme lucid construction and then topresent a somewhat verisimilar impression of his, thepoet's, beliefs or sensations concerning the supernaturalinhabitants of the universe."I ask, who can deny the born eagerness and wisesensitiveness of the critic? and who can refrain fromsorrowful mirth at the inaccuracy, obscurity and ineffectiveness of his presentation of his thought?Many of these young people about to get their degrees here today are well informed. Many of them areable to collect information, organize that information,and reason from that information to conclusions notunworthy of public consideration, if they knew how tostate their conclusions. But how many of them canstate their conclusions, orally or in writing, effectively,or even clearly? Yet is any man or woman well educated who cannot put a conclusion at least clearly, ifnot effectively? Such a man may succeed in business;many half-educated men succeed in business. Such aman may die gloriously on the field of battle, or noblyas a martyr to his principles, and live forever in thememories of his fellowmen; such a woman may carryon successfully for her household and even find consecration in a mother-song; but then we have the wordof authority that character and education, like business^Convocation address, December 21, 1937. and education, are separate, that education is not themaking of character, that the business of life is not self-sacrifice.You who have been taught here to think — can you saywhat you think ? There is a famous idiomatically American phrase with which you are all familiar — "Oh say,can you see?" I would transpose it thus, "Oh see, canyou say?" If you cannot say, your thinking is almostvain; on you even the early light of the educationaldawn has hardly risen. He who thinks he knows whathe thinks, but cannot put his thoughts clearly and forcibly in words, is mistaken; in fact, he cannot think.Even the already famous Mr. Hyman Kaplan, to whosealready famous education it is particularly permissible torefer here today, knew that in being taught to writehe was really being taught to think. That is why HymanKaplan valued his education so highly. In another volume to which it is also genteel to refer, since its authoralso is present among us — I mean The Higher Learning in America — what stimulates, what carries conviction? The phrasing. The sword of the thought lieshidden in the scabbard, till the words and the sentencesunsheathe it. I do not contend that practice in writingand speaking, however constant, can give a cutting edgeto a cardboard knife. I do believe that such constantpractice in time strikes off the shackles from such poweras the individual may possess. I see among most ofour graduates thought suffering from a sort of infantileparalysis, which regular prescribed exercises in expression might have cured.From a Convocation platform years ago ProfessorJohn Manly, gentlest of all our great scholars, assuredus that any system of education, if persistently followedby an intelligent person, would educate. It is a comforting thought. But I cannot accept it. I am for onlysuch a system as will force every intelligent student tolearn not only to think but to say clearly and effectivelywhat he thinks. To the extent that the old system ofeducation in the University of Chicago did that, I wasfor the old system. If the present system of educationhere did that, I would be for the present system. If Ithought the suggested system of President Hutchinscould do that, as I have no doubt he thinks it can andwill, I would be for the Hutchins system, little resemblance as I am able to perceive between the monastery56 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEand the market-place, between Thomas Aquinas andJane Addams. But I see little in the system suggestedby Mr. Hutchins to indicate that its guinea-pigs wouldbecome effectively self-expressive guinea-pigs. And Iknow from experience that the present system does notmake our graduates effectively self-expressive. Therefore I am not wholly for either the present system, orfor that which has been suggested by no unfriendly voice.In education, as Tennyson said of theology, "ourlittle systems have their day, they have their day andcease to be." When William Rainey Harper organizedthe University of Chicago, he established certain systems, which he thought were essential to education. Hemade the University a great institution, but what hasbecome of his essential systems? His division of theyear into four quarters, instead of two semesters anda long vacation, has certainly persisted here, has evenbeen imitated elsewhere, but does any one suppose thevalue of the University to education has depended onthat division? That division, or our present modification of it, has even resulted in making the summer attendance of the teachers, partly for whose advantage itwas planned, impossible ; they cannot get away from theirteaching in time to attend the first half of it, or awayfrom the second half in time to- attend their autumnteachers' meetings. Harper devised a system of majorsand minors, which should enable the student both toconcentrate and to relax. How many are there in thishall today who even know what the words major andminor meant in Dr. Harper's scheme? He separatedthe University into a Junior College, a Senior College,and a Graduate School, and was convinced that suchseparation was a long-sought essential. Now we havea different organization, and are already thinking of reorganizing into something different still. Our experience, it would seems, teaches that education is not amatter of administration.Is education a matter of formalized methods of teaching? There have been innumerable statistical and psychological studies of teaching methods, but has anyagreement been reached? If, in the far future, anyagreement should be reached, even among us at thissingle institution, how long do you think that agreementwould be adhered to? I had great teachers: Lovett,Vincent, Tarbell, Tufts, Angell, Moody, Slaught andStarr, to mention but a few. Their names ring in mymemory like a chime of bells. What were their "teaching methods?" I do not remember at all. Once I wasput on a committee to determine the essential attributesof a good teacher of elementary subjects in college. Atthe second meeting 33 such attributes were determinedupon, of which I recall only neatness and punctuality.I protested that a teacher of elementary subjects in college needed only three things, knowledge of his subject,knowledge of his pupils, and the ability to make himselfclear to them, to establish contact between his mind andtheirs. I was thrown off the committee, and never readits report, but I doubt somehow that a knowledge of thereport would have made me a better teacher of elementary English composition in any college.I do believe that education is to some extent a matterof curricula. What a" man studies makes a certain dif ference. True, specialization of any sort by undergraduates, and even by graduates, can be carried too far.And on certain subjects long-continued concentrationeven seems to me illiberal. This last is a highly controversial matter, and it would be unwise in me to saywhat I think these subjects are; especially as the Deanof the School of Business and the President of the University of Chicago are gentlemen for whose intelligence,and devotion to the cause of education, I have the highest admiration. On the other hand the point of theseremarks, if point there is in them, is toward the educational value of the study of one thing which is now inthe state of chief neglect at the University — the clearand'effective expression of ideas in words.v In placing an emphasis on systems and even on curricula, however, are we not thinking of education as anabstraction? Education is as John Henry Newmansaid more than eighty years ago, only a means to anend, and our business is to agree upon the end. OurUniversity, any university, has two great purposes. Oneis to find out facts and apply facts to life, and noblyhas this University fulfilled that purpose — as nobly perhaps as any other, in both the search and the application,through our Chamberlains and our Smalls, our Comptons and our Merriams, our shining company of workers and thinkers in many fields. But another purposeis to produce alumni and alumnae ; to train and influenceyoung men and women into usefulness, up to their fullest capacity of usefulness, to themselves and thus to society. Of that purpose too we have not lost sight. Buthave we ever reached agreement on the sort of alumniand alumnae we prefer? And unless we agree on that,how can we agree on their proper education?We cannot know of course with any exactness whatwe have done, or what we are doing, to train and influence them. But do we even know for what we havesought to influence and train them ? We cannot know ofcourse how they will turn out. Education is not a trade,like plumbing; you cannot repair defects in human beings as you can in bathroom fixtures. But have weseriously considered the question what we would liketo have them turn out to be? It has been authoritatively asserted that our function is primarily to revealto these young people the great and permanent truths,the oughts, of life. But we do not agree either on whatthese are, or on how any individual human being can betrained to such idealistic perception. It has also beenasserted, by the same authority, that (to quote) : "Thereis general agreement that the duty of the educationalsystem is to educate students for intelligent action insociety, to adjust them to their environment, and tohelp them to cope with the contemporary world." Thatis to say, in the simplest terms, we want them to be goodteachers, if they are to be teachers ; good doctors, lawyers, businessmen, housewives, if they are to be doctorsor lawyers or businessmen or housewives. But precisely what do we mean by good, in this connection?Let us say that whether we define goodness in terms ofaspiration, of ethics and social responsibility, or whetherwe define it in terms of competence, we do at any ratewant them all able to do their job well, whatever jobthey look forward to finding, and find to perform. IfTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 7we can agree then at least on that as our desire for them,have we done our part in influencing and training themto be good? I do not think we have. For we haveneglected to train them in self-expression in words.Nineteen out of twenty of our bachelors, four out of fiveof our doctors of philosophy, speak and write poorly;some of them wretchedly. Why? Because we do notforce practice in either writing or speaking upon them.I say we do not force practice upon them. I shall gofurther and say that we afford them hardly any opportunity for such practice. We have a course in writtencomposition for freshmen, from which only about tenper cent are excused. An admirably conducted courseit is, but how do the 90 per cent regard it ? As a barrierto be got over. As something which, if "passed," willallow them to go on with their education. Such is theforce of faculty and administrative opinion. In all theother courses inexpression inwritten words thatwill be given inthe Department ofEnglish while thefreshman remainsan undergraduate,there is room foronly about 225 —225 out of thousands ; nine limited courses inthree years, ofwhich six are inthe highly specialized sort of expression which wecall Narration ;that is to saystory-telling ; as ifthere were not fartoo many story-tellers in the country anyway. In theSchool of Business three admirable courses, affordingthree months' practice for a total of 160 young people,complete the opportunity. As for opportunity for trainingin oral composition, which is quite as important for theteachers and the lawyers and the businessmen to be,there is even less. A few may get some discipline indramatic expression from Mr. O'Hara, and a very fewfrom a course in the theological school — I think it is inthat school, it is hidden away somewhere. That is all.Can the great majority of the students be blamed forsharing the very apparent opinion of the Universityauthorities that such oral training is of no importance —an opinion made apparent by the fact that for ten fullcollege generations no teacher of oral expression hasever been promoted to a full professorship?Now I am no advocate of any multiplication of courses,as courses, in either written or oral composition. If therewere available, which God forbid, any stenographic record of discussions of the subject in "Faculty meetings,"when there were Faculty meetings, or at any rate whenI used to go to them, I could prove that I constantlyasserted my belief in the greater efficacy of training stu-JAMES WEBER LINN dents in self-expression by the tutorial method in connection with their other courses — their courses in history, economics, geology, physics and "commerce andadministration," as it used to be called. But such atutorial system, the Oxford and Cambridge system, wasthought to be too expensive for us. Nevertheless I feelnow as I felt then, that constant practice in expressionof ideas in words, practice in giving information inwords, must be somehow forced upon our undergraduates, and our students in the graduate school too, Imight almost- say our students in the graduate schoolsparticularly, if they are to attain in time to that sort ofgoodness which I attempted a few minutes ago to define.I feel now even more strongly than I felt then. ForI think our undergraduates and our graduates speakand write even less clearly, even less effectively, thanthey did years ago. They must be better stuff than theirpredecessors were, for I hear on all sides that our standards of admission and our standards of examination arehigher now than ever. But if they are better stuff, isnot our responsibility for training them to show theirstuff all the heavier?Do not imagine that this responsibility falls upon thehardest-working little group in the University, the littlegroup of executives and scholars in the Department ofEnglish who handle the Freshman course in composition, English 102. To the members of that little group,severally and collectively, as I see them every day, 1take off my hat; from Professor Edith Flint, the mainspring, to Leslie Warren, the most recent cog in a watchthat keeps time. They do all that is in their power todo. But they cannot do enough. The responsibility lieson the University as a whole, for refusal to realize thata man's power to say clearly and effectively what hethinks is worth emphasizing.To be sure the purpose of a university such as oursis not the production of "a mob of gentlemen who writewith ease," even though gentlemanliness and ease arehardly to be scorned in alumni any more than in Presidents. I merely assert that these young people who aregoing out into the world — that used to be the phrase —today will find themselves hampered in whatever theydo, or most of them will, by their inability to say, intheir offices, in their classrooms, in their scientific papers,clearly and effectively what they think; and that theywill come to believe the University should have forcedupon them more, much more, training in saying whatthey thought when they were undergraduates or students in the graduate schools. Some of them will getthis training in time, through hard experience; but tooffer that as an excuse for our irresponsibility is merelyto affirm that it makes no difference when you get youreducation, in the University or later ; that the School ofBusiness is not worth while as a short cut to competence,that the Law School is not worth while as a short cutto practice.I am quite aware that one person here today has asserted his conviction that a law school is not worth whileif it be regarded as only a short cut to practice; that aUniversity is not a place for training in short cuts tocompetence, but a place for mental and social discipline,(Continued on Page 23)IN DEFENSE OF PRESIDENT HUTCHINSAnd the Chicago PlanEVER since its inception, I have followed with agreat deal of interest the now famous ChicagoPlan inaugurated by President Hutchins. Morerecently, I have followed with growing enthusiasmPresident Hutchins' ideas and ideals with respect tothe content of a university education. Ordinarily, thisenthusiasm would have remained a private state of mind,for I have a constitutional aversion to appearing in print.Perhaps it had better be called "lethargy." Two articlesin the current issue of the University of Chicago Magazine, however, one by Mr. Miller and one by Mr.Tyroler, have sent me to my typewriter for this unusualtask of "telling the world." If, as Mr. Miller suggests,there is a growing body of hostile criticism of PresidentHutchins' ideas among the alumni, it behooves those ofus who are sympathetic with the Chicago experiment tomake our voices heard. Professional experience and apardonable solicitude for my own son's education haveconspired to make this question of what constitutes aneducation something more than a mere academic issuefor me.For approximately seven years I have been engagedin an effort to teach what Dr. Viner once called "themore respectable branches" of economics in a state institution of the higher learning (sic). Those years havegone by leaving behind them a toll of mounting bafflement and despair. Year by year I have seen studentssystematically avoiding all courses that involve generalideas or that have a semblance of intellectual content infavor of those which deal exclusively with the acquisitive aspects of economics. To this generation of students,hell-bent for a "job", any idea that has no cash value atthe employment office is anathema. Consciously avoiding the more austere path of "thought" courses in orderto follow the rainbow trail at the end of which a pot ofgold glitters delusively, these students come eventuallyto build up a defense mechanism about their own ignorance which allows them not only to ignore but activelyto disdain everything that is supposed to be part of ourcultural heritage.This avoidance of courses involving general ideas infavor of more practical courses is, I believe, symptomaticof a chronic pathological condition of our whole educational system. This disease is the anti-intellectualisttrend of modern thought which is producing such horrible fruit in some parts of the world today. In somerespects, indeed, the situation with us is worse than inthose countries where anti-intellectualism has beenraised to the level of a philosophy of life. An anti-intellectualist standpoint can be reached by the misuse ofthe very processes of reason which are being denied.Reason can be used to destroy reason. But with us thesituation is one of almost complete ignorance of the veryexistence of the reasoning process itself. Somewhere • By EARLE L RAUBER, '24, PhD!30along the line reason has disappeared from the mentalequipment of a surprisingly large number of our collegemen and women. Last summer a group of schoolteachers, college graduates all, in private discussion toldme that the purpose of the "new curriculum" which the* State Department of Education is attempting to introduce into the schools is to "teach children to think." Thefunny part of the story, however, is that these teachersthemselves had never even heard that there are certaincanons of correct thinking. Logic to them was an emptyand meaningless word. In view of this state of affairs,it would certainly do these teachers no harm to havesome acquaintance with Aristotle and St. ThomasAquinas. At least they could then no longer confusethinking with merely mulling things over in their heads.An old preacher once told me that what most people callthinking is "just rearranging their prejudices." This istoo uncomfortably true.Now, this inability to think correctly leads inevitablyto an inability to solve even the simple, practical problems of everyday life. That is all too evident among college students. An idea or principle can no longer beidentified if it is seen outside the context in which it wasfirst learned. I have had students in electrical engineering who had taken a great deal of work in mathematicswho weie unable, in a course in economics, to figure outthe average generating cost per k,w.h. of electricity ifit cost a total of seventy-five million dollars to generatea billion and a half k.w.h. Just today I came across several sophomores who were completely baffled by theproblem involved in capitalizing a net annual revenueof one thousand dollars when the going rate of interestis five per cent, — this despite the fact that a similarproblem was worked out in the text, albeit with different figures. If such examples were rare, one mightattribute them to a momentary weakness on the part ofthe Board of Admissions when such students were everallowed to enter college. But such cases are by no meansrare. Several grades below this level are those collegestudents I have had who could not tell me wrhen the Warof 1812 was fought, and whose mental furniture was sodisorganized that they could not name the months ofthe year in order ! But enough of this lest it becometoo farcical. Suffice it to say that one can not look intothe blank and uncomprehending faces of these boys andgirls day after day without a sinking feeling in the pitof one's stomach.If this condition were merely a matter affecting theindividual student, one might resign himself to it. Butthis is something which concerns all of us. Just the otherday a physician of my acquaintance who had come upthrough such training diagnosed as indigestion a casein which the appendix was about to burst, did burst,and caused the patient's death. Just a bit of wrong8THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 9reasoning, — that was all. The ability to define, to makeclear-cut distinctions, and to draw correct inferencesfrom given premisses, which might have been learnedfrom St. Thomas Aquinas, would not have been amissin this case. After all, these students are the men whowill make our laws, mix our drugs, treat our diseases,manage our economic affairs, and teach our children inthe future. A little careless reasoning here or a wrongdeduction there can well cause irreparable damage.It was my lot to spend a year and a half with a research group connected with one of the New Deal agencies. The director was the product of one of our leadingstate universities and it was his theory that one could bescientific only if he were objective, and could be objectiveonly if he refrained from drawing conclusions from datawhich had been collected, avoiding like the plague thetemptation to see any meaning in the data. In otherwords, it was his notion that research consisted in collecting mountains of facts, but that these facts shouldnever be subjected to any interpretation, presumably onthe theory that facts are self-interpreting. The resultof this policy was an accumulation of reports on onething and another arrived at in large part through copying selected parts of the Census, unbelievably sterile andinnocuous, and destined ultimately to achieve oblivion inthe files. It would be interesting to know how much ofthe tax-payers' money has been wasted in such factfinding. The disturbing thing is that this was a "planning" agency. It was to help build the New Jerusalemand for this purpose had brought together what werepresumably the best available brains. But how couldthis or any other agency "plan" even on paper whencursed by such a paralysis of thought? Have we perchance allowed the reason to atrophy through lack oftraining to such an extent that we dare no longer trustit as an instrument for effecting badly-needed socialadjustments? If this be true, then our democracy isindeed in a parlous state. As a nation we would then be fit only to be camp-followers to the demagogue whocould make the most persuasive noises from rostrum andradio.Year after year, as our colleges and universities pourout their hosts of graduates with their reason undisciplined and their will uninformed by morals, whose chiefcharacteristic is an over-developed nose for money, ignorance, and violence, and irrationality stalk through theworld. Year by year these graduates go out to teachin our schools, sending up to us in college and universitynew generations of students, each somewhat poorer thanthe last. Unless we agree that we are only deluding ourselves in thinking that our culture is worth preserving,and are willing to abandon our civilization to the forcesof ignorance and irrationality, this vicious circle must bebroken at some point. Our public school teachers,harassed by over-work, under-paid, ill-equipped, can notbe expected to do it. It will have to be done by thoseinstitutions in which the teachers themselves are trained.State teacher-training institutions, however, are unfortunately in no position to break the circle because theyare too much a parti of the educational machine as itexists at present to adopt the role of trail-blazer; toooften, moreover, they are entangled in local political considerations. The job will have to be started at least inthose institutions that are free of such entanglements.Only they are in a position to act as pace-setters in thistask of calling back to its proper function and purpose thewhole process of education.Considerations such as the foregoing, therefore, causeme to rejoice when the President of my own universityhas the courage to strike out against the prevailing educational drift. A dead thing can always drift downstream; only something that is alive can swim upstream.I therefore thank whatever gods there be for PresidentHutchins and the University of Chicago, — not only asit was, but also as it can and will be — and when the timecomes for my son to go to the university, if it is humanlypossible Chicago will be his alma mater as well as mine.Letters(Continued from Page 3)nor are they Platonic "universals,"which Chicago mediaevalism is now trying to reassert. When we think or talkabout such things, we are properlythinking or talking about human persons and what they may freely or rightfully do, relative to their human fellows,contemporary and future.I note, too, that they talked about "political economy," in ignorance or oversight of that far more vital and fundamental process, a life economy; andabout getting things done for the"underprivileged," rather than aboutundermining and supplanting the conditions that make people underprivileged;and about "restoring," or "getting backto," an old, pre-evolutionary liberalism,rather than about achieving a new, evolutionary, bionomic liberalism — andthat, when Chicago's physicists havebeen showing that ours is a processalworld, and that there is no such thingas an historical "going back" or "restoring" of anything.I note also that they talked of "breaking," and "curbing," and "smashing"monopoly, and of "fighting" for oragainst one or another thing, and ofusing .the "state's power" — when wehave the current sort of men constituting the active machinery of "the state."Don't they understand that such effortsas these tend only to make the adversary gird up his loins and fight theharder, and the more subtly, and thus tohasten the prospect of a fascist society?Haven't they yet learned that therational way of progress is that of sup-plantation and hence of underminingthe undesirable, so as to render its sup-plantation more easy and more certain? And another thing I note, betweenthe lines. The Knights seem to look tothe past for the authorities for whatthey would do. Don't they yet knowtheir own "minds" well enough to knowthat the authorities for what men doare always their own objectives, andthat what they cite as "authorities"they use only as supposed means to theachieving of these already conceivedobjectives of their own?The old doctrine of "natural rights"was formulated before the rise of evolutionary biology, processal, space-timephysics, and modern evolutionary philosophy. We need a new formulationand assertion of "natural rights," relative to the fact that all men are naturally members of one single phylum orspecies, and that they have a naturalright to be as functionally valuable inthe life economy of their species as they(Continued on Page 23)THE CAMPUS DISSENTERIT must be conceded that at the University of Chicagoemphasis is on intellectual and scholastic as opposedto traditionally "collegiate" activities. In most circlesone is more admired if he can be known as an "A"student than if he is captain of the football team, president of the Dramatic Association, or a campus socialleader. To be both seems virtually impossible. Businessmanagers of the Daily Maroon seldom graduate onschedule, Abbotts of Blackfriars usually have to choosebetween a degree and a successful show, and the springsports schedule is curtailed because athletes must studyfor impending June examinations. In general campusactivities leaders sneak through their finals, to be graduated with low averages because they believe prestige,experience, contacts, and the fun gained from their respective activities is worth more to them and makesthem more rounded men and women and so better fittedfor their future lives in the world than does the schedulefollowed by those who spend their time in classes, at thelibraries, out for meals, back to the libraries, home tobed, and back to classes again.Following the general trend of emphasis on, or at leastkeen interest in the scholastic side, the InterfraternityCouncil this month published the fraternity scholasticratings. Using last June's comprehensive grades as theirbasis, the council tabulated the marks of present members of each house. Numerical values were assigned tothe grades, three points standing for an A, two for B,one for C, zero for D, and minus one for F. Below arethe results. (The second column represents men in thehouse; the third, the grade point average.)Beta Theta Pi 25 1.65Zeta Beta Tau 25 1.45Pi Lambda Phi 17 1.44Delta Upsilon 21 1.33Phi Gamma Delta 17 1.17Sigma Chi 17 1.14Phi Beta Delta 8 1.11Phi Sigma Delta 30 1.08Alpha Delta Phi 35 1.03Kappa Sigma 19 1.01Phi Kappa Psi 31 .97Phi Delta Theta 37 .85Phi Kappa Sigma 8 .82Psi Upsilon 42 .73Chi Psi 24 .70Delta Kappa Epsilon 38 .67Alpha Tau Omega 11 .46Beta's 1.65 leads with a B minus average, Kappa Sig's1.01 is barely over a C, and A.T.O.'s .46 is a D minusaverage for all men now in the house who took courseslast year.C-ESTAThis year the campus is fortunate in having an unusually active and energetic Student Social Committee. • By HERBERT (BUD) LARSON "38Their functions have not been limited to just what isexpected of them — they have promoted ideas neverbefore attempted. A recent successful attempt was theC-Esta, an all-campus informal dance.The Committee, working to counteract the old ideathat fraternity men and club women form the main basisfor support of any social event, and working for the idea*that it would be a fine thing if there were formed a"campus community" to which a wider range of studentswould affiliate themselves, sought out support in a newand different way. Instead of asking directly for backing from the clubs and fraternities, they worked throughall the other organizations, such as the honor societies,publications, dramatic association, political groups, et. al.All these groups publicized the dance, sold tickets, andwere offered a share in the profits, if any, or asked toshare the loss, if any. In this way the old stand-byfraternity and club group was reached through theiractivities, but more important, the "independents" whoare attached only to some other organization were contacted.The dance was a huge success. Among the better than500 who attended were seen representatives of all wellknown groups, and moreover, campusites who had apparently been in hiding came out to make the crowd afine cross section of the University student body such ashas never been seen in the last four years, at least. Moreover, everyone had a good time and was asking for moreof such events. The most oft repeated comment ransomething like this, "I've never seen most of thesepeople before. I didn't even know most of them went tothe University."Maybe we are beginning to set up a better organizedcampus community.A. S. U.There is on the quadrangles a group which is a linkin the chain of a national organization, the AmericanStudent Union, which has recently received considerablepublicity in the national press. The local group is oneof the largest of campus activities. Its membershipnumbers close to 300. Its reputation is that of a radicaland liberal group. Much of its policy is determined bycommunists, who hold a leading position in the organization. (It should be noted, however, that the communistsof whom I speak are not necessarily as usually pictured,i.e., staunch reds with an "overthrow the government"idea. Their communistic policy rather, is one of cooperation with all liberals.) A glance through A.S.U.records would reveal at once that its policy is to take inanyone who agrees with any one plank in their lengthyand involved platform. So their membership runs fronrthose mildly liberal to the deepest reds.The Union, both nationally and on our campus, has10THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 11recently made sweeping changes in policy. Principlesof these changes has been a turn from support of the"Oxford Oath" (a pledge not to bear arms in any warunder any circumstances), which they have long backed,to a policy which they call "collective security." As Iinterpret that vague phrase, it seems to mean support ofwar if it is to preserve democracy. (Where have we heardthat before?)Locally, A.S.U. is making a turn toward more activityon campus rather than holding as their principle interestnational issues and political thought. Within theirgroup the organization is already quite active, havingtheir own dramatic group, planning to run a co-operativeI TAKE it that the Miller-Tyroler bout is not a private fight, but one in which any alumnus may mix.If Tom Miller is orating on my behalf (I am anaverage alumnus), I withdraw his statements; if he istalking on behalf of Harold Swift, I move that his remarks be stricken from the record as incompetent, irrelevant and immaterial (especially incompetent, sinceHarold is disqualified by his official position from grunting with the disgruntled alumni).I wish Tom had set forth his own views on the subjectunder discussion, so I could take a crack at them. Ihate an impersonal fight with the mythical average alumnus. I do not have much faith in his existence — at anyrate, an average U. of C. alumnus. Now, law schoolalumni might, on the average, be expected to agree ona well settled principle of law, unless their clients' interests differed, but college alumni are not likely to haveclose agreement on the best undergraduate curriculum.I am heartily in favor, in theory, of the new deal, sofar as legal education is concerned. I believe the integration of allied subjects with legal subjects may bean improvement. I would recommend it, and the lawschool, to anyone whom I might influence.I am not very familiar with the extent of emphasisplaced on various subjects in the "New Deal of the Midway." I wonder if Tom and the average alumnus are.I firmly believe that the best intellectual and culturalcourse of studies for two years of college is included inancient and modern languages and literatures, philosophy, mathematics and science. After two years of selections from above broad classification, it is all right tospecialize in subjects which the student and his advisers^Inspired by the articles in the January Magazine on "Is theUniversity a Good Place for Alumni Children?"UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO ALUMNILUNCHEONWednesday, March 2, 1938, 12:15, Benjamin West Room,Chalfonte-Haddon Hall, Atlantic City, New Jersey; $1.50. eating establishment for members, and backing, asalways, the Peace Council and annual Peace Strike.A point of added interest, and it seems to me, worthnoting, is that last quarter's U. of C. A.S.U. StudentChairman has left school for New York to assume theposition of editor of the Student Advocate, national organof the body.So the American Student Union, unknown to manyalumni and often scoffed at by many of the conservative-activity-fraternity group on campus, is becoming moreand more to be a real force and influence in student lifeon campus, and it is my belief that we will hear muchmore of it in the future.• By PAUL O'DONNELL, '07, JD '09think will enable the student to make a decent living.If this is going back to the Middle Ages, or to Harvard and Princeton of 1838, and if this is the New Dealof the Midway, I am in favor of going back and of saidNew Deal. I regret that I did not have the opportunityor enlightenment to study philosophy, particularlyThomas Aquinas, some time during my four years ofcollege.Chicago cannot hope to offer certain things which canbe given by a small college removed from a large city,with all of its students residing on the campus. Alumniwho bemoaned in Tom's days and mine our lack of"college spirit," and who still feel they missed somethingof value by attending a college which is a part of a greatuniversity and a great city will doubtless send theirchildren elsewhere. There is nothing that can be doneabout that. There is room for argument and toleranceon that subject.If one's main and particular desire is to be successfulin business, which means making lots of money, I gravelydoubt the value of a college education of any kind. Letsuch a one go to work, save his money, outsmart theother fellow, buy low and sell high, concentrate on business, be selfish, flatter those who can help, crush thosewho obstruct, give ambition full rein, and give altruismand spirituality the gate.Having thus spoken in jarring accents, I conclude byagreeing with Tom that it would be interesting to hearfrom the faculty members, if they really know anythingabout the innovations, as to what these are, and how theNew Deal of the Midway is working out in practice.My "if" in above sentence is induced by Tom's impliedassumption that the innovations were imposed upon thefaculty, as well as the students, without prior consultation.Toastmaster: Professor Frank N. Freeman.Speakers: Professor Floyd Reeves.Professor Charles H. Judd.In connection with American Association of School Administrators.A VARIATION ON THE THEME*THE HIGHER LEARNINGIn LiberiaTHE higher learning in Liberia is not as high as itmight be, according to the following letter reprinted from the Harvard Alumni Bulletin.Liberia, it seems, has colleges, but no university, andso a native of that country wrote a visiting bishop ofthe Protestant Episcopal Church, pointing out the greatneed and presenting his definition of a university. (President Hutchins, please note.)"Dear Bishop Kroll,"I heard that you are in Liberia, would you mind ifI would suggest these things. Now in Liberia the A.M. E. Church has a College, the Methodist have a college."Now I think the Episcopal Church of Liberia shouldstart the first university of Liberia, let it be in cooperating with the government of Liberia. Let it be small butof higher learning. Ask the Episcopal Denominationsend few teachers to Liberia to teach in the University.Let the University be modeled after Harvard University.Now let this University be up to date. Teach most everything. Have University clubs have the men's Glee clubto sing like University Glee Clubs of U. S. A. Nowhave different clubs, fraternities. I've designed the fraternity Hall, let it be a square shaped modern concretebuilding. Now have a young college boy trio to singall the popular songs let them dress collegiate with poloshirts and different college clothes. Have the boys cheerfor the different games. Have a large athletic stadium.Teach all sorts of athletics. Prize-fighting and boxing.Have baseball and all sports. Now let the collegia! eshave their parties. Now let the main building be a modernistic 3 story square building of concrete. Now letthe other school buildings be of frame but in the modernstyle. Have a beautiful campus. Have modern lavatories for boys and girls. Modern drinking fountains.Have modern light fixtures. Now have a large concreteswimming pool. Now a beautiful assembly hall and atheatre to have plays. Teach acting and dramatics. Nowallow the Collegiates to have their automobiles. Nowhave small cottages like Firestone cottages for the students to reside those from other places. Teach themhow to run business. Let them be very up to date andmodern. Now teach playing jazz music. Have a beautiful modernistic chapel. Now have the Univeristy locatedon the outskirts of Monrovia. Let the University be onthe order of University of Hawaii. Now advertise theUniversity in newspapers all over West Africa wherestudents will come from all over West Africa. Even tryto get 5,000 students which I know you can't."Teach the students to be up to date to have partiesas well as wearing caps and gowns. Also train someliberian teachers to teach in the University. Adviseteachers to read newspapers and magazines in Englishfrom all over the world. This will increase the knowledge. Teach about making street cars and automobiles from books bought from the U. S. A. Teach them tospeak the best English."Let the athletics wear beautiful colorful uniformswith athletics shorts. Let them, have sweaters havewords saying U. L. means University of Liberia. Havea wonderful basketball team, golf, and boxers. Eventrain and send boxers to America to fight. These thingswill make Liberia well known. Start this Universitythings soon."After the University is opened take pictures of theteachers in caps and gowns let them look their best. Sendthem to the New York Times Sunday Dept. or TimeWide World Photos on West 43 St. near 8th Avenue,in New York. Let the University be Liberia's best. Before University opens advertise in Newspapers of Liberiaand the newspapers in other places in West Africa. Byall means teach journalism. Teach students how to runbusiness such as theatres, department stores. It's timefor Liberia to get out of backwardness. Liberia shouldhave buildings with 10 and 12 floors, and amusements,modern water plants. Monrovia should be on the orderof Manila, Philippine Islands. The people of Liberiashould walk fast and be in a rush constantly especiallyin the business section."Now almost every country has a University exceptthe Republic of Liberia. A country without a Universityis very backward."The students at parties the girls should wear beautiful frock dresses boys wear their white suits. Teach theboys to dress to wear shoes and white suits and havetheir hair cut and fixed nicely. Teach them not to besloppy. Teach the young people to be quick not to bebackward. Teach them to be on the go. Have collegedances. Let the University be Liberia's higher learning.Get catalogues from Harvard University and see howthey run their school. Let the students have their smallautomobiles. Plave concrete sidewalks on the campuslater on beautiful modern concrete hall. Have a modernlunch room. Have all sorts of outdoor recreations.Have park benches on the campus and beautiful flowers."Now let the main building be beautiful. Now letthere be a modern concrete library buildings: Havebooks from all over. Now have college bands. Abeautiful part open air Pavillion dance hall."Now I would like to suggest these things for theEpiscopal school for boys. Replace the frame buildingwith modern concrete buildings square shaped buildings.Now teach all the boys to wear shoes white duck pantsand polo shirts at the Boys School train athletes. Letthe athletes wear beautiful colorful uniforms especiallythe basketball team and the swimmers. Those who swimfor relays. Like have swimming contests. Now teachcleanliness. Teach the best English. Now let the newdormitory building be fireproof and modern equipped."Modern American Friends of America."12ROLLO L LYMAN 1878-1937ROLLO L. LYMANAT the home-coming dinner in Hutchinson Commons, on the first Friday evening of October,1913, I met a young man of thirty-five who hadjust come down from the University of Wisconsin to beAssociate Pro-f e s s o r of theTeaching ofEnglish i n t h eSchool of Edu-cation. Wefound that weknew some ofthe same peoplein Madison,soon we becameneighbors only ablock apart, ourfamilies provedcongenial, andthus began afriendship thatwill always be aprecious memory.Gradually certain facts leakedout — but notfrom Rollo Lyman if the information gave the least hint of boastfulness. He had wonan oratorical contest for Beloit College, but had droppedoff his train at Janesville on hearing that he was to bemade the hero in a jubilation, which had to proceedlike a Hamlet without the Prince. After some 'prenticeteaching he had gone to Harvard, made the debatingteam, and — though an undisguised Westerner— taughtEnglish there for two years. He had spent eight yearsat the University of Wisconsin before the call to Chicago,and here, along with his teaching, he proceeded to aPh.D. in Education in 1917, with a dissertation on "TheProgress of English Grammar in American Schools to1850."The experience in oratory and debating, supplementedby emphasis on public speaking in his early teaching,made him one of the most effective "five-minute speakers" in Chicago during the war. Later he was in greatdemand for commencement exercises and educationalmeetings, and one year was honored by the presidencyof the National Council of Teachers of English. Also,alone or in collaboration, he was a fertile and diligentproducer of school books which widely extended hisreputation and influence. On the very day of his deathbe had practically finished one manuscript, though morewere to follow.But his friends — and all who knew him are his friends—miss Rollo Lyman as a human being to a degree to •By GEORGE L MARSH Ph.D'03which few men can be missed. Though a prodigiousworker — too much of a worker for his own physical good— he had to have the relief of play; and in his play hemaintained the spirit and the interest of a boy up to theend. When tennis and golf became too strenuous forhim, there were less taxing games at the QuadrangleClub, where he was a first-name friend of everybody andwas always ready with teasing jokes, no matter howwearied by the day's toil. Or as spectator at some University or professional game, or merely listener at theradio, he could and did display the enthusiasm of an inveterate fan.He was one of the early members of the University toown a car; and the way that old model-T Ford was atthe service of his friends — imperfect though its mechanical functioning sometimes proved — is highly characteristic of his habitual, instinctive kindness. For in allhuman relations an understanding friendliness was hisdominant quality. His personal interest in his studentswas unbounded, and in association with helpers and colleagues he was always most considerate. There was noone to whom a friend in trouble could turn with morecertainty of quick sympathy and whatever help he couldgive. The world would be a safer and a better place ifa larger percentage of its population could somehow beinoculated with the spirit of kindness and good will thatdistinguished Rollo Lyman.LEROY TUDOR VERNON— 1879-1938Leroy T. Vernon, '00, for a quarter of a centurypolitical editor of the Chicago Daily News and long thedean of newspapermen in Washington, died suddenlyJanuary 4. The son of a newspaper publisher, he wasborn in Wilmington, Ohio where he spent his youthlearning the newspaper business. From Wilmington hewent to Everett, Washington, as city editor of theEverett Times.Deciding on a college education he came to the University where he was prominent in student activities.Mr. Vernon was head marshal in 1900, business manager of the Cap and Gown, captain of the baseball team,and a member of O&S and Beta Theta Pi.While at the University he acted as campus correspondent for the Inter Ocean and joined the regular staffupon graduation. In 1902 he went to the Daily Newsand soon took charge of the Washington bureau. Inrecent years he has been in Chicago and has devotedhimself to studying the municipal government.HAROLD R. ATTERIDGE— 1887-1938Harold R. Atteridge, '07, one of the most prolific ofBroadway librettists, who provided the book and lyricsfor more than two score Shubert productions, died January 15 in Lynbrook, L. I., after an illness of five months.He was born in Lake Forest in 1887 and early became(Continued on Page 22)13QUAD RAMBLES'LECTRICITY FOR LATHERPASS the round, comfortable shaving head overyour face — backward — forward — sideways or incircles . . ." writes A. E. Widdifield, '28, as hebreaks into national print via magazines, dailies, broadsides, folders and letters enthusiastically extolling (asAdvertising Manager) the new "revolutionary" Sunbeam electric Shavemaster.In 1928 Al Widdifield was editor of the Daily Maroon.That was the year Sterling North wrote his daily column"About Books and People," Milton Mayer, "MainStreet" on the front page, and George Morgensternedited the Phoenix. It was the year Editor Widdifieldwas a suspicious dinner guest of His Honor, Mayor("Big Bill") Thompson whose campaign against theKing of England was being royally lampooned by theMaroon. It was the year Compton won his Nobel prize,Billings Hospital was dedicated, Thomas W. Wakefieldand Law Dean James P. Hall died, Guy Lombardoplayed for the Washington Prom, president Max Masonresigned, the Maroons, captained by Ken Rouse, wontheir last conference football game with Purdue, andHoover led Al Smith four to three in a straw vote conducted by the Daily Maroon.With a letter from Prof. James Weber ("Teddy")Linn in one hand and his sheepskin in the other, Al Widdifield left the Hutchinson Court Convocation tent forthe city room of the Chicago Daily News where Managing Editor, the late Henry Justin Smith, '98, strengthened his metropolitan reporting staff by one Universityof Chicago graduate. Two years later Al forsook the"lobster watch" (2 a. m. to 9 a. m.) of the Daily Newsfor a post in a Chicago advertising agency. Later, hetook time off to slip out to Glendora, California, andmarry Virginia LaChance, '28.One of the accounts Al handled in the agency was theChicago Flexible Shaft Company. Eventually he transferred all of his business affections to their 5600 W.Roosevelt Road central office and factory as advertisingmanager. This firm, which made an international reputation nearly half a century ago as manufacturers ofhorse clipping and sheep shearing equipment, has becomefamous in late years for its Sunbeam electric appliances.Among them Sunbeam Mixmaster ("It Beats Everything") is used daily in millions of homes. Other appliances in this well known line are Ironmaster, Coffee-master, Silent Automatic toasters, etc. There are alsoseveral other domestic and industrial divisions of thecompany.But today, while men from coast to coast are debatingwhether to use those clever metal containers for old razorblades (they received for Christmas) or break a lifetimelather habit in favor of electric shaving, Al's companybreaks into slick-colored broadsides (written by Adv.Mgr. Widdifield) with an electric shaver which is nota clipper type even though manufactured, if you can • By HOWARD W. MORT, Editor, Tower Topicsbelieve it, by a company which has made a reputationwith clipper equipment. But Al can smother you withunsolicited testimonials which swear by (and not at)the new Sunbeam Shavemaster. (Don't misunderstandus, we are not getting as much as an extension cord forthis publicity! We are merely victims of Al's enthusiasm.)•Between Walgreen sandwiches, Al is working nightsand Sundays posing young men, old men, bankers andfarmers holding Shavemasters in their right hands, rub-AL WIDDIFIELD AND FAMILYFrom Maroon Editor to Electric Razorsbing their cheeks with the left and smiling with unctuoussatisfaction. Al has a message for bewhiskered Americaand plans to tell it through the printed word and otherwiles of advertising. He resides in Riverside, Illinois,with his wife and two daughters, Lee and Lynn, bothof whom, he reports, are exceptional young ladies. Hisboon companion is a Great Dane pup named "Mary"who consumes four pounds of meat daily.YESTERYEAR CALENDARFeb. 1, 1904. Coach Stagg announced the 1904football schedule which included every team of the BigNine except Minnesota. The 1938 schedule calls for14THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 15four conference games: Michigan, Iowa, Ohio, andIllinois.Feb. 4, 1903. The Alpha Delta Phi house (5722Kimbark Ave.) was ruined by fire. A requiem of fraternity songs was sung by the brothers after the firehad been extinguished.Feb. 5, 1918. From the Whistle (Maroon funnycolumn) : "Feb. 5, 1853 ; Quads first used shouldershrug in referring to other Clubs."Feb. 5, 1906. The Sites Committee of the Boardof Education recommended that Hyde Park High Schoolbe renamed the William Rainey Harper High School inmemory of the former Board member and nationallyfamous educator who died January 10, 1906. Therecommendation was not adopted, not because the honorwas not merited but because of themany traditions associated withthe old name. Later, however, thecity fathers named a street nearthe University to honor our firstPresident.Feb. 6, 1918. A large chunkof coal was discovered on theSigma Nu mantel. The boys wereaccused of using it as an emblemof (wartime) prosperity in theirpost-season rushing campaign.Feb. 7, 1914. The Football$ Rules Committee, at its annual«jp meeting in New York, revised they rules as follows: ". . . no player'*may hide among the substitutes onmi the sidelines in order to emergesuddenly as the receiver of a forward pass."Feb. 9, 1911. Mme. Schumann-Heink gave a concert in Mandel Hall before a crowd that overflowed thestage. Mme. Schumann-Heink married into the University family when she accepted the proposal of William Rapp in 1905. Mr. Rapp won his C by playingfullback on the University's first football team, captainedby Coach Stagg who played right halfback beside Rapp.Feb. 101, 1904. The Blackfriars met in secret session and made definite plans for the first production:"The Passing of Pahli Khan" by Walter Gregory andFrank Hutchinson (book and lyrics) and HalbertBlakey (music).Feb. 11, 1903. At a Yale banquet in the University Club (Chicago) attention was called to the fact that"Harper's Bazaar" had no coat-of-arms. It was announced that the Club decorations committee, notingthis absence in the collection of university shields, haddecided to invent one : a Stagg rampant upon a cask ofoil argent!Feb. 17, 1904. A bucket brigade was organizedby the D. U.'s (6018 Kimbark Ave.) to extinguish amidnight fire in Carl Beck's third floor front room. Carlcollected only for an unabridged dictionary which hequickly willed to the insurance-covered fraternity. The1938 smoke which pours out of the northeast fourth-floorcupola window in Cobb Hall is still from Carl's room butis from his mastodonine overstuffed pipe. Feb. 19, 1906. "Dr. Harper done us a good turnonct" explained Willie Carroll (9 years) as he placed an\^t dollar bill on Registrar Thomas W. Goodspeed'sdesk with the request that it apply on the HarperMemorial Library fund. The "good turn" was a specialpermit issued by sympathetic President Harper whichpermitted Willie, and his brother Charlie (8 years) tosell Saturday Evening Posts on the quadrangles.Feb. 19, 1893. Edward Everett Hale spoke in theCobb Hall Chapel to an overflow audience.Feb. 22, 1919. The following verse brings backmemories to all of us as to what always happens on thequadrangles around Washington's birthday:Frugal folk say "promenade"To make it rhyme with "money paid" ;Others think that's very badAnd they pronounce it "promenade";Others, still, would think it oddNot to call it "promenade";But old college Bill and TomAbbreviate it simply "prom."Feb. 24, 1908. By this date faces frequently reddened when the question was asked, "Has any girl askedyou to the Reynolds Club Leap Year Dance yet?" Thegirls, taking their cues from long experience with lastminute daters, welcomed this opportunity to teachthrough experience. The situation became so "serious" (?) that the following ad appeared in the Maroon:"PUBLIC NOTICE: — We, the undersigned, representative men of the University, desire to give public noticethat we have not been asked to the Reynolds Club LeapYear Dance: Charles B. Gordon, William F. Hewitt,j. Norman Barker, Winston Henry,I^J^aSSg^^. Frank Templeton, Alvin Kramer,}rf*£j ^jCZ ** Clarence Russell, William E.?JT *Z *f Wrather, Karl H. Dixon, William„, W«* -~A_ t p. McCracken, Fred Gaarde, Walter P. Steffen, Edward McBride,Renslow P. Sherer, George E.Fuller.Feb. 26, 1906. Hamlin Garland spoke in Mandel Hall at3 P. M.Feb. 27, 1918. War hysteriaedged into Big Ten athletics whenit was voted to include grenadehurling as one of the events in allSpring field meets. The practicalphases of this event appealed tothe S. A. T. C.-conscious universities.Feb. 28, 1906. With the Leap Year edition of theMaroon, published entirely by women, due to appear thefollowing day, Paul Harper is credited with remarking"Well, there won't be any smoke in the Maroon officewhile the Leap Year staff is there." And Carl Burtonis supposed to have quipped, "No, but I'll bet there'llbe plenty of powder !"All of which reminds you ... or does it? If it does,a note will reach us (and maybe Quad Rambles) in careof the Magazine.IN MY OPINION• By FRED B. MILLETT, PhD'3 1 , Visiting Professor of English, Wesleyan UniversityIN times like these, one who has not quite lost hisfaith in the value of a liberal education may verywell feel a profound anxiety as to its future fate.* Forwe live in a period when the theory and practice ofliberal education are being threatened and attacked by avariety of more or less hostile forces. If one were notaware of the almost tedious repetitious-ness of history, he might very well feelthat the contemporary situation constitutes the last, and perhaps the major,crisis in the long history of an educational ideal. But, however convincedone may be of the deathlessness of theideal of intellectual freedom, he cannotbut conclude that that ideal seemsdoomed to fight for its life in the nottoo distant future.The most obvious threat to the idealof liberal education is the threat ofutilitarianism. In America and in anincreasingly Americanized Europe,utility is coming to be the first andsometimes the last test of a principleor a practice. "How is the reading ofPlato going to help me sell bonds or life insurance?""What is the use of my reading Dorothy Wordsworthwhen I prefer Dorothy Parker ?" "What is the value ofa college education in terms of a life income?" "What isthis going to get me?" Such questions as these ringfamiliarly in the ears of anyone who spends an hour ormore talking with modern undergraduates. This is apractical world. Whatever does not facilitate one's becoming a cog in the economic machine, whatever does notpromise an easy climb to social prestige and affluencemakes little or no appeal to young Americans "on themake." Even the sociologists tell us that that only isknowledge which can be measured, and what more reliable measure of success has been devised than the amountof income one evades paying taxes on?Almost as serious a threat to the ideal of a liberaleducation is the towering spectre of science. I should bethe last person in the world to attack the interests or theactivities of the pure scientist, a type that comes as nearas possible perhaps to the ideal of complete intellectualdisinterestedness. Nor should I assail the almost godlike service of those scientists who apply their newfound knowledge to the alleviation of human ills andwoes. But science becomes an obvious enemy of humanfreedom when it is used by its possessors for selfishmonetary aggrandizement, when its benefits are restrictedto a single social class or race, or when its powers areconsciously devoted to the destruction of our human*This address on "The Future of Liberal Education" wasdelivered in Wesleyan University Memorial Chapel on January13, 1938. enemies. Science threatens liberal education most insidiously when it claims for itself values that it cannotpossibly possess, or when it usurps a place in our curriculum that rightfully belongs to equally important intellectual activities.But the threats of utilitarianism and of science toliberal education are by now so familiar as to be commonplace. A newthreat to this ideal is the threat to itssubsidization, the likelihood of the cutting off of those sources of income bywhich the liberal arts college came intobeing and still subsists. This shadowfalls most heavily over the future ofthe privately endowed college or university whose very existence dependson a series of generous benefactions byfar-sighted givers. In a future whenthe accumulation of large fortunesseems likely to be prohibited, in a future when the state seems likely toconsume a considerable part of fortunesof even moderate size, the stream ofbenefactions to liberal institutionsseems destined to become a mere trickle. Even the state-endowed institutions are suffering from propheticpinches. Thus, a correspondent in a Western University writes, "This state has more than 7000, perhaps8000, students in state-supported schools above HighSchool rank, i.e., Junior Colleges, the Agricultural College, and the University, and a total population of about500,000. We are pushed to the limit for room, equipment, and staff. Comes now the Social Security programwhich promises to take a very large slice of the staterevenues and besides to reduce the state revenues byencouraging the division of estates before the death ofthe owners. That is, a couple at sixty may divide theirproperty among their children, and then claim old agebenefits as being without support. If they survive thetransfer by five years, there is no inheritance tax. It ispredicted that in two years 50,000 people, one tenth ofour state's population, will be receiving old age pensions.The schools are getting scared."Equally ominous for the future of liberal education isthe threat of authoritarianism. The fate of the liberalcollege or university under the authoritarianism offascism or communism is simple; it is nothing more norless than death — or a living death. In the increasinglycollectivistic society that seems inevitable in the UnitedStates, what place will there be for institutions whosevery: vitality depends on their not being bound to thechariot wheels of authoritarianism? One does not needto go far afield in either America or Europe to findflourishing examples of every variety of authoritarianism— political, religious, and philosophical — and authori-FRED B. MILLETT16THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 17tarianism, it should never be forgotten, is the completenegation of the ideal of liberal education.Liberal education then is encompassed about withenemies ; its future seems gloomy, if not hopeless. Certainly, if such an ideal is going to continue to havepower over us, if it is still to command our allegiance,if it is to have that sacrificial devotion from its adherentsthat will make for its survival against tremendous odds,it must clarify itself, it must rid itself of impurities andfoul accretions. It is for the clarification of this idealthat the following program is suggested.The first function of a liberal arts college is to offerits students a period of contemplative living under themost favorable circumstances that can be devised. Fora period of four years, the student should be encouragedto withdraw himself from the life of action and of practical affairs in order to take an account of himself andof the world in which he is destined to play an admirableor an inglorious part. In such an environment, moreor less attractively isolated from the demands of actionand of domestic and economic responsibility, he has anopportunity to discover and define himself. Such a process, carried out more or less systematically through theinevitable comparison and contrast between himself andhis companions in academic seclusion, may, and should,end in the clear definition of one of the terms in life'sequation — the individual. It should end with a fairlycomplete consciousness, on the part of the student, of hisaptitudes and limitations, his assets and liabilities, hismajor drives and enthusiasms, his interests and his aversions. Thus, undergraduate years should be a period ofconstant experimentation with ideas and people, withbooks and teachers, a repeated exposure of the sensitizedplate of the consciousness to all sorts of stimuli — aesthetic, scientific, and philosophical. But the process ofself-discovery can end fruitfully only when it is seen asone of the major objectives of liberal education, an objective which no utilitarian, technical institution can sosuccessfully achieve.The second function of liberal education is the freeinvestigation of the second major term in life's equation— the nature of the world in which the student hopes torealize his ambitions. Such an investigation involves thestudy by the best available means of the nature of thephysical universe and the nature and history of humanand economic society. The college or university is not,of course, the sole means by which such an investigationof the nature of the world can be carried out. But learning by observation and study is superior to learning byexperience, not merely in economy of time and wear andtear but in its impartiality and disinterestedness. Thealoofness of students and teachers from practical affairsmakes possible, as participation in affairs does not, thefree play of the independent mind over the immenselycomplex phenomena that the physical and social sciencesoffer for contemplation and study.But advances in knowledge of oneself and of theworld are not the major responsibilities of a liberal education. Liberal education will fail in its great task if itdoes not enkindle in some few students in every generation an enthusiasm for one or more of three great humanenterprises. Of these the most publicized in our day and age is the disinterested pursuit of the truth. Eventhough a student is not destined to be one of the fewwho push forward the frontiers of knowledge, he cannotcall himself a liberally educated man unless he has gainedsome comprehension of the difficulty of arriving at thetruth, of recognizing it when one sees it, and of the morereliable methods — the method of induction and of deduction — by which the truth is attained. In too manystudents, the excessive emphasis on facts, in textbooksand lectures, in recitations and examinations, is likely toencourage the overvaluation of facts and the undervaluation of the methods by which facts are established. Afew facts, to be sure, come in handy in the recurrentcrises of examination periods; in the process of education, however, the accumulation of fact is relatively insignificant unless it is allied with an understanding ofthe scientific method, and of the operations of logic, anda profound respect for these magnificent instruments ofthe human mind.A great human enterprise, less publicized than theinvestigations of science and philosophy but one forwhich the liberal arts college has a peculiar responsibility,is the discovery and appreciation of the beautiful. Literature and the fine arts constitute a series of monumentsto the noblest visions of which mankind has beencapable. They are the product of one of the purest ofhuman impulses, the impulse to realize in a particularmedium a vision of perfect beauty or of perfect ugliness.An essential part of every man's dream is at least amodicum of leisure, and the appreciation of the fine artsfurnishes the most fruitful disinterested activity availableto the man who does not have in him the makings ofscientist, artist, or saint.The last, but not the least, of the great human questsis the momentarily unpopular quest of the Good. Theterm itself has developed such sentimental and flabbyconnotations that one is tempted to substitute for it theless equivocal term, integrity. But whatever one namesthe goal, there is no denying the fact that man has aprofound yearning, not only for approbation, but forself-approbation, and he knows that self-approbationcomes only when he behaves as nearly as possible in conformity to some ethical ideal. And as it is with individuals, so it is with societies. At the moment, interestin personal integrity is far less intense than the interestin social or national or racial integrity, but the two problems are really two aspects of the same problem — thenature of the Good in the behavior of individuals and ofsocieties.The single goal of liberal education, then, is the discrimination of values, and such a goal can be achievedonly if college presidents, faculties, and students appreciate not only the relative importance of facts and valuesbut also the kinds of values that are humanly significant.Certainly, no student who has failed to make some progress toward self-knowledge, knowledge of the world, thedisinterested pursuit of the truth, the appreciation of thebeautiful, and the free investigation of the nature of goodness, can be said to be liberally educated. Certainly, theintrinsic values of such an ideal are so obviously great(Continued on Page 23)NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESASTRONOMY being an incomprehensible mysteryto most laymen, and the pronouncements of astronomers being something that must be takenon faith, it is not surprising that alumni are not particularly aware that the Chicago department is probably thebest in the world. The Chicago astronomers are aninternational group, numbering a Russian, a Dutchman,a Frenchman, a Dane, and an Indian, among others.They are young and able. With the old 42-inch refracting telescope at Yerkes Observatory they have beenreworking a much observed section of the sky withspectacular results. Shortly their scope will be vastlyextended, for the 82-inch instrument of the Universityof Texas will be available to them through the cooperative agreement made by President Hutchins to staff theMcDonald Observatory.Though their scientific colleagues throughout theworld are aware of the work which Dr. Otto Struve andhis associates have been doing, the general public onlyoccasionally catches a glimmering of what goes on atWilliams Bay. One of those times came this month,when Associate Professor Gerald P. Kuiper, DirectorStruve, and Associate Professor Bengt Stromgren announced the discovery of the biggest star in the heavens.The announcement in the Astrophysical Journal solveda puzzle that had been concerning astronomers for a goodmany years, and had engaged the interest of Dr. EdwinB. Frost, late director of Yerkes, as early as 1899.The third magnitude white star Epsilon in the constellation Aurigae had certain peculiar characteristicsthat were not explainable. Motion in its spectrum linesindicated that it had a companion, the two forming abinary, or double, star. Periodic fading of the light ofthe white star over cycles of 27 years indicated that thesystem was an eclipsing binary. Although the companion was not visible, it could cut off the light of itswhite companion. Astronomers mulled over that paradox, without success until the Yerkes men began thinking about it. They knew that a star which could meetthe specifications indicated by the observational data mustbe very diffused, less dense even than the smoke from acigarette. Yet so slight a density would not cut off thelight. So they postulated that this star must have anionized atmosphere which reflected light, as the earth'sHeaviside layer reflects back the radio waves to thesurface and makes broadcasting possible. They explainedthis atmosphere on satisfactory physical grounds by assuming that the light of the white star shining throughthe atmosphere of the invisible companion would produce photoelectric ionization, by stripping some of theelectrons from the atoms. The star's Heaviside layerhad to be much more heavily ionized than that of theearth, for it had to cut off the passage of light. Althoughno star was known to have such an atmosphere, the • By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20, JD '22Yerkes astronomers were satisfied this was the only possible explanation.Checking their theory by observation, they found thatit was justified. Their specifications for this celestial"ghost" are now given, with reasonable accuracy in thisway: A diameter 3,000 times larger than that of the.sun, which makes the star 27,000,000,000 times the sizeof the sun. It has a relatively cool atmosphere of theorder of 1,300 degrees Centigrade, compared to a temperature of approximately 6,300 degrees on the sun'ssurface. Its light is infra-red, near the wave lengths thatare invisible to the eye.The New York Times, in an editorial describing thefeat of the Chicago astronomers, concluded: "All thisflows out of the application of pure theory and mathematics. A binary star so distant that it takes 3,000years for its light to reach us is thrown on the scalesand weighed. An intangible thermometer is thrownacross that vast gulf and the temperatures of both thebright and dark bodies read. The state of the twoatmospheres is deduced. Mathematical tape measuresare passed around the double girth. If we need anyproof of the mind's power, we have it here. Despitethe news of death and destruction that comes from Spainand China, there is hope for a race that can plumb spacein this fashion."STRAWBERRIES AND HOLLY BERRIESResearch in another field, botany, has produced interesting results which Dr. Ezra J. Kraus, Chairman ofthe Department, and Dr. F. E. Gardiner, of the U. S.Division of Horticultural Crops and Diseases, reportedin the January issue of the Botanical Gazette, which likethe Astrophysical Journal, is one of the University's fifteen learned journals. Strawberries and holly berrieshave been produced by the two bontanists without natural pollenization, a spray of .004 per cent of indoleaceticacid substituting for the bees and pollen. Indoleaceticacid is one of some 250 growth-stimulating agents whichhave been recognized in comparatively recent years andwhich have sent botanists off full cry on a new line ofresearch. Microscopically studying the Parthenocarpic(artificially pollinated) fruit, Drs. Kraus and Gardinerfound that there was no cellular deformation. It hasno embryo, or life producing seedling, but the stony layers, enclosing the seeds are fully developed and the seedcoats are perfectly matured.A Michigan experimenter has had similar success, inexperiments contemporaneous with those here, in developing squash, pepper, eggplant, tomatoes, and tobacco.Some plants, such as apples and beans, have not so farbeen successfully treated with indoleacetic acid, becausethe agent has produced crumpling and curling of leavesand general deterioration of the plants. But Dr. Krausbelieves that among the 250 growth-producing substances there are some which can be applied successfully18THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 19to any plant. Commercially, the discoveries as to hollyand strawberries, are important to growers ; cost of setting fruit on holly plants, for example, can be reducedfrom three to five cents for transferring pollen with abrush to a few mills through use of the spray, whichcosts two cents a gallon.THREE LARGE GIFTSThe last day of 1936 President Hutchins announcedthat the General Education Board had given the University $3,000,000 for the use of the south side MedicalSchool and for improvement of the University generally. No such spectacular gift was made during thepast year, but there wras the $550,000 from Charles R.Walgreen to establish the Walgreen Foundation, and the$275,000 from the Rosenwald Family Association, whichMr. Walgreen's gift enabled the University to claim.During the last month, the University has received threelarge gifts, totalling $160,000.One of the three came from Mrs. Marion R. Stern,daughter of the late Julius Rosenwald, one of the University's leading benefactors. Mrs. Stern gave $75,000for educational purposes, reserving the right to designatethe particular educational uses of the fund. She hasalready authorized the use of $5,000 for scholarships tobe awarded by President Hutchins to needy and deserving students. Intended as an "emergency" type fundfor special purposes and needs for which budget supportmight not be readily available, Mrs. Stern's gift is ofunusual value because of its flexibility.The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation has made a grant ofbetween $35,000 and $40,000 to support studies in thegeneral field of economics and to do exploratory workleading toward the broadcasting of economic information.Mr. Alfred P. Sloan, Jr., Chairman of the Board of theGeneral Motors Corporation, established the Foundationand recently gave it an endowment of $10,000,000. On thebasis of the University's average yield on its own endowment, the gift is the equivalent of income on a milliondollars. In endowing the Foundation, Mr. Sloan saidthat the organization proposes to concentrate on "thepromotion of a wider knowledge of basic economictruths generally accepted as such by authorities of recognized standing and as demonstrated by experience, aswell as a better understanding of economic problems inwhich we are today so greatly involved and as to whichwe are so importantly concerned."Dissemination of economic knowledge is no new enterprise to the University. The School of Business for tenyears has carried on a program of summer lectures ontrends and problems of business for teachers taking workat that time, and through these teachers annually reachesan audience of at least 150,000 people. The well knownseries of "Public Policy Pamphlets" edited by AssociateProfessor Llarry D. Gideonse, have carried the considered judgment of leading members of the faculty of thedepartment of Economics and the School of Business onmany of the critical economic issues of the past sevenyears.Most influential of all the means used by the faculty,however, is the University of Chicago Round Table program, top rating of all radio broadcasts sponsored by an educational institution. The Round Table will celebrateits eighth year on the air the second Sunday of thismonth, February 13; it has been carried over the rednetwork of the National Broadcasting Company sinceOctober, 1933. A house to house survey made by anational advertising agency showed that 23 per cent ofall those called on knew and listened to the Round Table,could identify it by name without leading questions. Nextbest known and heard program sponsored by an educational institution had but one-third of per cent ofthe group canvassed.In the Crosley ratings, the Round Table was by farin the lead among broadcasts sponsored by an educational institution, having, in the areas covered by thenetwork stations carrying it, an audience from seven tofifteen per cent of that of the biggest entertainment programs, such as Jack Benny and Major Bowes. Probably the most concentrated of the Round Table's nationalaudience is found in Washington, where it is followedregularly by Senators, Representatives, and governmentofficials. Some governmental agencies even have a stenographer transcribe the program so that it can be distributed; seldom, a week goes by that the utterancesof the Chicago faculty over the air are not quoted asauthority in the Congressional Record.Part of the money from the Sloan Foundation will beused to strengthen and improve the quality of this alreadyexcellent program, which, concerned as it is with issuesof national interest, has a heavy concentration of economic information. The Foundation did not give themoney to the University for propaganda; it stipulatedin making the gift that the University was to have entirecontrol of its expenditure, and was to make its own decisions as to what economic information should be disseminated.The International Education Board, one of the Rockefeller foundations, made the third gift, $50,000 to theOriental Institute to continue the excavation at Megiddo,ancient Armageddon. Since the project was started in1925 by a gift of $215,000 from the late John D. Rockefeller, the layers of succeeding civilizations on the moundcommanding the ancient battle field have yielded a seriesof important archaeological discoveries. Most recent wasthe rich hoard of gold and ivory treasures found lastMarch by the expedition under the field direction of Gordon Loud; earlier discoveries included the stables ofSolomon and a pre-Hebraic water system.COHEN APPOINTEDMorris Raphael Cohen, teacher of mathematics andphilosophy at the College of the City of New York forthirty-five years and one of the foremost contemporaryphilosophers, early in January was appointed Professorof Philosophy. Distinguished in the fields of philosophyof law and logic, Professor Cohen will devote a considerable portion of his time at the University in researchand writing but will give courses each spring quarter.In the spring quarter this year he will conduct a seminaron logical theory and in 1939 will be in charge of a seminar on social philosophy. He was a visiting professor atthe University in the summer of 1923.Born in Minsk, Russia, July 25, 1880, he came to the20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEUnited States when twelve years old. He received aB.S. degree from the College of the City of New Yorkin 1900 and a Ph.D. from Harvard in 1906. At Harvard he roomed with Felix Frankfurter, noted law professor, and had as teachers William James and JosiahRoyce.Two of his books, Law and the Social Order andReason and Nature, are landmarks in philosophy. Hehas been characterized by Harold J. Laski, political scientist of the London School of Economics, as the mostcreative and penetrating U. S. philosopher since James.Though he has no law degree, Felix Frankfurter hassaid that no U. S. lawyer or judge has been uninfluencedby his legal philosophy. He was president of the American Philosophical Association in 1929.Besides Reason and Nature and Law and the SocialOrder which he wrote in 1931 and 1933, he is the coauthor of the third volume of the Cambridge History ofAmerican Literature and the first volume of Contemporary American Philosophy. His latest work, An Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method, was written in1934. He is editor of Modern Legal Philosophy Seriesand a frequent contributor to periodicals.NOTES •Walter Lippman, noted writer on American affairs,will give the first series of public lectures under theCharles R. Walgreen Foundation for the Study of American Institutions, speaking in Mandel Hall February 16,17, and 18. General subject of his addresses is international peace.The author of numerous important studies of contemporary affairs both nationally and internationally,Mr. Lippman also writes a widely syndicated column ofdiscussion of current American problems. Latest of hisbooks is The Good Society, in which he restates the philosophy of classical liberalism. Graduate of HarvardUniversity, of which he is a member of the Board ofOverseers, Mr. Lippman formerly was an associate editor of The New Republic, and editor of the New YorkWorld.Among well known figures to speak at the Universityduring the past month were Col. Theodore Roosevelt,Jr., who lectured on "American Colonial Policy," andGrant Wood, artist, whose subject was "Regional Art."Vice President William B. Benton spoke twice over theColumbia Broadcasting Company network, on "The Further Education of a Business Man." Mr. Benton directed the expenditure of millions of his clients' moneyto national radio programs while active ih his advertisingfirm of Benton & Bowles, Inc., but it was not until heentered education that he surrendered to the lure of themicrophone.President Hutchins received the honorary degree ofLL.D. at the inauguration of Dr. Rufus C. Harris asthe tenth president of Tulane University on January 18.Also receiving the same degree at the same ceremonywas Sophonisba P. Breckinridge, Samuel Deutsch Professor Emeritus of Public Welfare Administration andpre-professional Dean of Students, School of Social Service Administration. Dr. Breckinridge was presented byDr. Elizabeth Wisner, Director of the Graduate School of Social Work, Tulane University, a Chicago Ph.D.Dr. John A. Wilson, Director of the Oriental Institute,has been elected Associate of the German NationalArchaelogical Institute, an honor accorded the late Dr.Breasted.University of Chicago' faculty members and Ph.D.'swere elected to numerous posts of learned societies during the Christmas meetings. The number of Chicagopresidents is smaller than the total of a few years ago,largely for the simple reason that Chicago men alreadyhave headed up most of the important societies. Thefollowing list is not complete, but it represents the fullestinformation available from the departments.Dr. Norman L. Bowen, Charles L. Hutchinson Distinguished Service Professor of Geology, and formerpresident of the Mineralogical Society of America, waselected Vice-President of the Geological Society of America at the annual meeting held in Washington, D. C.Professor of Sociology Ernest W. Burgess, known forhis prediction studies of parole, and now engaged in asimilar study of prediction of success in marriage, wasnamed member of the National Social Science ResearchCouncil at the meeting of the American SociologicalSociety in Atlantic City. Sociology is accorded threemembers on the Council; with the election of Dr. Burgess, two of the three positions are held by Chicago men,Dr. William F. Ogburn, Sewall L. Avery DistinguishedService Professor of Sociology, also being a member.Versatile Richard P. McKeon, who is (1) Professorof Greek; (2) Professor of Philosophy; (3) ActingChairman of the Department of Art; (4) Dean of theDivision of the Humanities, was elected vice-chairman ofthe Council of Learned Societies. Robert Redfield, Professor of Anthropology and Dean of the Division ofSocial Sciences, was elected to the Executive Committeeof the American Anthropological Association and representative of the Association on the Social Science Research Council, a section of the general Council ofLearned Societies. Samuel A. Stouffer, Professor ofSociology, was elected Vice President of the AmericanStatistical Association. Dr. Arno B. Luckhardt, Professor of Physiology, was elected to the Council of theMedical Science Section of the American Association forthe Advancement of Science.Several members of the department of Mathematicswere named to offices. Associate Professor L. M. Graveswas made Editor, Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society; Gilbert A. Bliss, Martin A. Ryerson Distinguished Service Professor, and Chairman of the Department, was elected to the Organizing Committee forthe International Congress of Mathematicians to be heldin New York in 1940; Associate Professor A. A. Albertwas elected Colloquium Lecturer, American Mathematical Society, for 1939; Associate Professor M. I. Logs-don was named President of Kappa Chapter of DeltaKappa Gamma ; Dr. R. G. Sanger, Instructor, was madeAssociate Editor of the American Mathematical Monthly.Professor M. H. Ingraham of Wisconsin was electedPresident of the American Association of UniversityProfessors, succeeding Dr. Anton J. Carlson; ProfessorR. L. Moore of Texas, became President of the American Mathematical Society. Both are Chicago doctors,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 21as is Professor G. D. Birkhoff of Harvard, Retiringpresident of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.Dr. J. Russell Whitaker, Assistant Professor of Geography, University of Wisconsin, a Chicago Ph.D., waselected President of the National Council of GeographyTeachers; Dr. Frank Setzler, former graduate studentin Anthropology here, and now Chief Curator of Anthropology, United States National Museum, was re-electedSecretary of the American Anthropological Association.Dr. Wilton M. Krogman, Chicago Ph.D., now Associate Professor of Anthropology, Western Reserve University, was re-elected Secretary of the AnthropologySection of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.Associate Professor of Public Administration Marshall E. Dimock was elected to the editorial board of theAmerican Political Science Review. Orlando Park, Chicago Ph.D., member of the Department of Zoology,Northwestern University, was elected Secretary of theEcological Society of America, and Stanley Cain, also aATHLETICSScores :Basketball -Chicago, 21; Marquette, 38Chicago, 34; Purdue, 50Chicago, 27; Wisconsin, 50Chicago, 34; Illinois, 51Chicago, 44; Loyola, 29WrestlingChicago, 26; Purdue, 8Chicago, 17; Northwestern, 13Chicago, 12; Ohio State, 14FencingChicago, 18; Northwestern, 9GymnasticsChicago, 562; George Williams, 448SwimmingChicago, 29; Northwestern, 55Water PoloChicago, 4; Northwestern, 3TrackChicago, 51^; Illinois, 52j^THE University basketball team has reached thehalf-way mark of its current 18-game season'sschedule and of the nine games played it has wonfour. While it has not defeated a Big Ten opponent andis at the bottom in the conference standing, nine conference games remain to be played by the Maroon contingent.Although the Maroon record to date is far from impressive it contains a few monumental milestones thatcannot be ignored by future opposition. Among its four Ph.D. of Chicago, on the faculty of the University ofTennessee, was made Treasurer of the same organization. Acting Dean of the College Aaron J. Brumbaughelected last year the President of the American CollegePersonnel Association, has a two year term runningthrough 1938. Dr. E. M. K. Geiling, professor andChairman of the Department of Pharmacology is VicePresident of the Society of Pharmacology an(j Experimental Therapeutics and also on the Editorial Boards ofthe Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics and The Physiological Review.Of members of the Department of History, ProfessorLouis Gottschalk was made Chairman of the JesserandMedal Award Committee and also of the Program Committee of the American Historical Association. Associate Professor J. A. O. Larsen was named to the Committee on the Carnegie Revolving Publication Fund*Associate Professor Bessie L. Pierce was re-appointedChairman of the Committee on Appointments and theExecutive Council.• By PAUL MAC LEANnon-conference victories are Marquette and Loyolaperennial big names in the basketball business.Coach Nelson Norgren's cage men are showing steadyimprovement. They are learning, among other things,that a good offense is not the best defense in the newstyle of basketball. In their earlier games they displayeda fairly dangerous offense but almost completely ignoreddefensive tactics.In the Loyola game, for the first time this season theteam clicked in both these departments. While DickLounsbury, high-scoring Maroon forward, and JohnEggemeyer, long range expert, were rolling up a tidymargin over the celebrated Ramblers, the rest of the teamwas playing a close guarding game. The impressiveWibs Kautz was held to two field goals and Novaktowering 6'9 Loyola center, was kept scoreless until thelast few minutes of play when he counted from the sideline.The Maroon team started the season with considerablepromise but before long injuries riddled its ranks. Formore than a month the squad lost the services of BobCassels, speedy, hard-working forward. While the teamhas failed to win a conference game, experts on theMidway agree that the team as a whole is as good ifnot better than any Midway five in thirteen years.Coach Norgren has been forced to revise the Maroonlineup several times in an attempt to re-locate a combination as effective as the one which defeated Marquetteearly in December. Cassels, who bruised a kidney inthat game, has returned to practice and will be used parttime in the Minnesota game.Once again a smile has appeared on the face of the22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEChicago basketball mentor. Lounsbury, Eggemeyer,Mullins, Rossin, Petersen, Meyer, and Cassels are sevenplayers who now can be switched about without loss ofteam strength. Minnesota, Ohio State, Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois and Purdue, teams to be played once or morebefore the season closes, March 5, will have difficulty inhandling the improved Midway quintet.The words "hapless," "hopeless" and "forlorn" havebeen attached to the Maroon squad this season for nogood reason. While it has lost its first three conferencestarts, and probably will lose some more, it has giventrouble right down the line. And the trouble, apparently,just is beginning.With little ballyhoo, the winter sports program on theMidway now is under way. Coach Spyros Vorres, varsity wrestling coach, has rounded together a group ofmat men who promise to take Maroon colors far intoBig Ten camps. The team already has defeated Wheaton,Purdue and Northwestern. It lost to Ohio State by atwo-point margin, the difference between a fall and adecision.There are four wrestlers on the team who are wavingthe red danger sign. They are: Captain Ed Valorz,175 pounds; Fred Lehnhardt, 165 pounds; Bob Finwall,former Big Ten champion, 145 pounds, and Gil Finwall, 135 pounds.With only a short training period, Coach Ned Merriam's track squad has shown hopeful signs of retrievinglost honors on the cinder paths. The team lost to Illinois in an indoor meet this month by a single point,after taking seven first places to the Illini's five. CaptainGeorge Halcrow and Matthew Kobak, veterans, arepacing a speedy bunch of sophomore recruits for spotson this season's team.The University fencing team, Big Ten champion, andthe Maroon water polo team, co-champions with Northwestern, were successful in their initial meets. Thefencing team slashed out an 18-9 victory over Northwestern while the water polo team defeated the Purplesquad, 4 to 3. Coach E. W. McGillivray 's swimmingteam, however, hit a snag against the Northwesternsplashers and lost, 55-29. Captain Bob Anderson captured the 200-yard breast stroke, and the Maroon 300-yard medley relay team splashed to a victory.With two outstanding gymnasts available, CoachDaniel L. Hoffer has a stronger gymnastic team than ayear ago when the Maroon squad finished third in theconference standing. Before the season commenced thesquad elected Erwin Beyer and C. Nelson Wetherell asco-captains. These two able gym men, each handicappedby old injuries, took a major part in the team's first victory over George Williams.Summing up the winter sports schedule is not difficult.The basketball team is improving and will win somegames. The wrestling team is due to be a contender inthe conference. The fencing team should not lose itshold on the Big Ten crown. The gymnastic team shouldfinish as strong as a year ago. The swimming team,weak as a whole, will offer keen competition in severalevents, while the water polo squad is headed for a slice,at least, of the Big Ten halo. The track squad is the best on the Midway in several moons and will surprisesome of the highly-lauded teams.The tennis team, Big Ten champion, already is busyin the Midway field house. In the midst of early-seasonpractice came the announcement of the western tennisrankings by the Western Tennis Association, which putthe Maroon team in the sports limelight.Bill Murphy, University star and No. 1 in the Chicago rankings, was ranked No. 1 in the Western Tennis Association. Four other Maroon players followedin the rankings and in the order listed below: No. 2,Chester Murphy (Bill's twin brother) ; No. 3, NormanBiekel; No. 4, Norbert Burgess, and No. 5, John Shostrom, the latter captain of the 1938 team,.Bickel and Burgess were given the No. 1 rankingin men's doubles and the Murphy twins were rankedsecond. Bickel and Burgess will be lost to the 1938Maroon team through graduation.A year ago the best Maroon ranking in the Westernwent to Bickel in the No. 3 position.As a reminder, here is the complete football schedulefor next season:Oct. 1 — Bradley at ChicagoOct. 8 — Michigan at Ann ArborOct. 15 — Iowa at ChicagoOct. 22 — Ohk> State at ColumbusOct. 29 — DePauw at ChicagoNov. 5 — Chicago at HarvardNov. 12 — Pacific at ChicagoNov. 19 — Illinois at ChicagoAtteridge(Continued from Page 13)interested in libretto writing. As he wrote in 1924, "Ifmy success at this work illustrates anything it marksthe importance of making an early start at one's profession. I spent four years at the University of Chicago and did as much studying and classroom work asthe next man, but even then I was writing musicalcomedies and revues. All during college I was developing a revue and musical show technique in my work fora college organization called the Blackfriars." After thistraining, Mr. Atteridge said he immediately got a jobwith the Shubert organization and continued with themfor the rest of his life.JULIUS STEIGLITZ MEMORIAL LECTURESHIPThe untimely death of Dr. Julius Stieglitz, for manyyears chairman of the department of Chemistry, hascaused a spontaneous desire on the part of many to createa suitable memorial to him. A committee of his friends,representing former students, alumni of the University,members of the American Chemical Society and its Chicago Section, has concluded that an endowment for alectureship would be the most fitting memorial. It isestimated that a total of $25,000 will be required to yieldsufficient funds for the standard of lectureship whichwould accord with Dr. Stieglitz's high ideals.Complete information is available from Paul N. Leech,Ph.D. '13, in the Chicago office of the American MedicalAssociation.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE"Oh See, Can YoU Say? (Continued from Page 7) 23for the perception of truth. But to him and to othersof his high idealism, I would affirm that training in theverbal expression of ideas is soundly disciplinary towardsuch perception. Such perception comes from reading,which makes a full man, as Bacon said; but for thatperception we need also exact men, and ready men;and Bacon also pointed out that what makes an exactman is writing, and what makes a ready man is conference.As for reading, we cannot have too much of it, if itis the right sort of reading. The true university is a collection of books. But, as Mr. Hutchins has said, "Booksdo not teach themselves. . . . They must be read. Reading is an active process of interpretation. To read wellthe reader must have the discipline of the liberal arts."The best reading, we shall all agree moreover, is of greatbooks. Whether great books remain great in translation, whether Homer in 18th century English, or Platoin 20th century English, are as great writers as theywere in Greek, whether the best translation does notpull the cork so that the bouquet escapes and the strengthevaporates, I am not here to discuss. In any case, inthe old days, many of us who went to college read Platoand Homer in Greek. And furthermore, even in America, in the old days, we wrote Latin prose. In Englandof course, during many generations, the public schooleducation of the men who were to govern England wasbased on the writing of Latin verse. That sort of reading was disciplinary, and that sort of writing, dreary asit seems even in retrospect, was amazingly disciplinary.For to promote any full activation of the process ofinterpretation, you must have analytic expression of theindividual interpretation; either oral or written expression, preferably both. That sort of analytic expressiondid tend toward making us exact men, in the Baconiansense. But it is all gone now, at least in the UnitedStates. I would not bring it back. Yet for that train-In /V\y Opinion (Continued from Paige 17)that one cannot believe that they and the institutions thatcherish them will disappear in whatever variety of totalitarian state the future may bring us. The institutionsand those who cherish their ideals may become despisedand impoverished, but I cannot believe that ideals of suchnobility will utterly perish. The time will never come, Iam convinced, when no man and no institution, anywhere ing in exactness, what have we substituted? At best,for perhaps twenty per cent, a laboratory exactness, or amathematical exactness, and even a mathematical exactness does not help much in saying what one thinks ; andfor the other 80 per cent, nothing. So what? It is noteasy to find undergraduates, or even graduate students,in the University of Chicago, who write with easy accuracy ; it is almost impossible to find those who write withboth accuracy and force. And I repeat that this is ourfault, not theirs. They follow our fashion, swim withour tide, and discover only after they have become teachers, or lawyers, or doctors, or businessmen, that in saying what they are full of they are neither exact norready.Two men and two only, now teaching in the University of Chicago, have been here as long, consecutively,as I have. From 18 to 65, if I live, the University willhave been my staff and stay. Byron's distorted geniusproduced the observation that "Love is of man's life athing apart, 'tis woman's whole existence." I am womanish then, for love of the University of Chicago has beenmy whole existence. Who has had a worthier objectof affection? When I came, I had read W alden, andremembered Thoreau's two sentences on education:"Those things for which most money is demanded arenever the things which the student most wants. Tuition, for instance, is an important item in the term bill,wThile for the far more valuable education, which he getsby associating with the most cultivated of his contemporaries, no charge is made." After three years of sucheducation, I was given my degree — in April. Theseyoung people are getting theirs in December. Yet mineis the Winter now, and theirs the Spring. May theLord bless them, and make his face to shine upon them ;and may He in his mysterious way even perform thewonder of teaching them to say what they think — forwe have not done so.will live proudly in the memory of such noble exemplarsof Truth, Beauty, and Goodness as Pasteur and Mme.Curie, Homer and Shakespeare, Plato and Jesus.(We regret the errors in the first two passages quotedin Mr. Millet fs January article. The second line of thequotation from "King Lear" should have read, "Youcataracts and hurricanoes, spout'3 and the phrase, "Thuswith the year" should have been printed as the first lineof the quotation from "Paradise Lost." — Ed.)Letters(Continued from Page 9)*can be, without at the same time infringing upon the natural rights oftheir fellows to do likewise. Under sucha condition of affairs, competition wouldtake on a new meaning. It would be amatter of mutual rivalry in service tothe species life — or life economy. Howlong will it take the Chicago Knights to make themselves1 into educative promoters of the true bionomic interest ofhumankind as a whole, and hence of itsconstituent individual members? Howlong shall we have to wait for them toeducate themselves up to the point ofserving as mouthpieces, spokesmen, oragents of the human phylum as awhole, so that they can entertain theright sort of objectives for the guidanceof their efforts in behalf of their audi tors ? And how long then shall we haveto wait for them to begin to teach menhow to undermine and supplant the interests that now exploit the life economyof the species in the interest of a myopic finance and power "economy', oftheir own? Let our benighted Knightsawaken from their pre-modern slumbersand proceed to live in the middle of theTwentieth Century !O. O. Norris, Ph.D., '27.ERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENEWS OF THE CLASSES24 THE UNILIBRARY SCHOOL209 S. State St., Chicago, III.Preparatory course for public Librarian.Practical book courses for positions inRental Libraries and book stores.Register Mon. to Fri. II a. m. to 4 p. m.The Midway School6216 Kimbark Ave. Tel. Dorchester 3299Elementary Grades — High SchoolPreparation — KindergartenFrench, Music and ArtBUS SERVICEA School with Individual Instruction andCultural AdvantagesELIZABETH HULL SCHOOLForRETARDED CHILDRENBoarding and Day Pupils5046Greenwood Ave TelephoneDrexel 1188Intensive Stenographic CourseBWM FOR COLLEGE MEN & WOMENB 100 Words a Minute in 100 Bays As- „a^% sured for one Fee. Enroll NOW. Day j*M classes only — Begin Jan., Apr., JulyW and Oct. Write or Phone Ban. 1575.4 18 S. MICHIGAN AVE., CHICAGO -4-MacCormac School ofCommerceBusiness Administration and SecretarialTrainingDAY AND EVENING CLASSESAccredited by the National Association of Accredited Commercial Schools.1170 E. 63rd St. H. P. 2130THE OLDEST CAMP IN THE WESTCAMP HIGHLANDSFOR BOYSSAYNER, WISCONSINThree Camps— 8-12: 13-14: 15-17Woodcraft, Athletic and Water Sports,Music, Photography, Scouting, Long CanoeTrips, Riding, Shooting, Shop, Nature Lore,Camping Trips, Unexcelled Equipment,Experienced Staff, Doctor-Nurse.WRITE THE DIRECTOR FOR CATALOGW. J. MONILAW, M. D.5712 Kenwood Ave., Chicago 1897Scott Brown of Pasadena recentlywas awarded the Arthur Noble medal foroutstanding and unselfish service to thecommunity because of his accomplishments in working out the Carmelita Parkproblems.1898Now retired from teaching, MargaretBaker, SM'02, has joined the alumnigroup in Pasadena, Calif. Her addressthere is 348 West California Street.From Granville,* Ohio, comes a notefrom Frank G. Cressey, DB, PhD '03,who now preaches occasionally, but nolonger has. a regular pastorate. Raisingflowers, fruits and vegetables on hishome place constitutes his hobby.1899This winter, G. E. Congdon, retiredBaptist minister, is living at 527 Cath-cart Street, Orlando, Florida.Frederick E. Morgan is now livingat 433 Addison Avenue, Palo Alto, California.1903Tenney Frank, professor of Latinat the John Hopkins University, hasbeen named George Eastman visitingprofessor at the University of Oxfordfor the year 1938-39, one of the highest honors that an American teachercan receive from a foreign nation. Thisprofessorship was founded for the purpose of sending eminent Americanscholars to Oxford to take part in theacademic life there for one year.1904On December 2, Maxwell K. Moorhead wrote the Alumni Office as follows: "I retired from my position ofConsul General at Istanbul on June 30and took my pension after thirty-twoyears' service abroad. Since then mywife and I have been motoring in ourBuick car from Istanbul to Genoa viaBulgaria, Yugoslavia and Albania andnow through South Africa. In thefuture my address will be care of theUnited States Despatch Agent, 45Broadway, New York City."1906As president of the Board of Trustees of LeMoyne College, Memphis,Tenn., C. Arthur Bruce, JD'08, madethe official presentation of BrownleeHall, constructed in 1936 by the combined generosity of the General Education Board, the American MissionaryAssociation of the Congregational andChristian Churches and friends, to theCollege at the dedication ceremoniesheld last November.Claude Dore, counsellor at law of theFlorida and New York City Bars, specializes in domestic relations and probatematters. He holds forth at the SouthernNational Bank Building in St. Petersburg.Frank G. Lewis, AM, PhD'07, retired librarian, has been elected president of the recently formed UpperKanestio Valley Genealogical and His torical Society, whose headquarters arein the city of Hornell. Lewis' home isat 70 Greenwood Street, Canisteo, NewYork.Justice of the Supreme Court of Utah,David W. Moffat is active in boy scoutwork and is struggling to make thealumni association of the University ofUtah influential in University affairs.For recreation he enjoys fishing, hunting, reading.For the past eleven years ElizabethMunger has been superintendent of theConnecticut State Farm and StatePrison for Women. She is on the Executive Committee of the AmericanPrison Association. The many activities of her job crowd out any avocations and, while travel is her hobby, itcan't be indulged extensively.1907H. B. Bemminghoff, AM, is on furlough in this country from Tokyo,Japan.Margaret L. Brunson, AM, Latinteacher, is at the Girls' High School,Sumter, S. C.Violet E. Johnstone writes fromSputh Hill Avenue, Pasadena, California, where she is a member of the Boardof the Pasadena Settlement Association.1908Mary B. Day, librarian at the Museum of Science and Industry of Chicago, collects autographs, book platesand "alphabet" children's plates.Frank M. Dryzer, AM, holds thetitle of examiner in the U. S. PatentOffice in Washington, D. C.G. P. Lagergren is the architect forthe Minnesota State Fair Board in their$1,000,000 improvement program. TheNorthwest Architect for September,1937, carried his article describing the"World's Largest Barn."Kenneth Lindsay is vice presidentand sales manager of the Iowa Manufacturing Company in Cedar Rapids,Iowa.Mrs. Paul H. Willis (Ivy HunterDodge), 7425 Jeffrey Avenue, Chicago,has been lecturing on the "First Ladyof the Stage — Katharine Cornell" before various women's clubs during thepast year.1909David B. Cofer, professor of English, was one of forty-three honored atdinner on December 18, 1937, for havingserved Texas A. and M. College for aquarter of a century or more.1910Herschel G. Shaw writes from 436Hayes Street, San Francisco, California, that the wholesale wall paper andpaint business claims all his attentionbut he can pull in thirty pound stripedbass as long as there is light to see. Heis developing a Russian Village in aquarter section of land he holds in aredwood forest.President-elect of the Arkansas Medical Society, Dr. S. J. WolfermannTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 25also presides over the sessions of theFort Smith (Arkansas) Rotary Club.Ht votes for fishing as his favoritesport. 1911Matilda Fenberg, a practicing lawyer in Chicago for fourteen years, hasannounced her candidacy for the Republican nomination for the Legislature inthe Fifth Senatorial District.Professor Milton E. Loomis, deanof Washington Square College of NewYork University for the last three years,has been granted sabbatical leave forthe current academic year to studymethods of university preparation forpublic service abroad. At the end ofthe year he will return to teach government in the University.Nathaniel Peffer returned this fallafter a year in China and Japan to takeup a teaching appointment at ColumbiaUniversity.1912Alice L. Byrne, 5648 Drexel Avenue,Chicago, is teaching high school.Anna B. Tourner, AM, conducteda vacation Bible school in the MexicanBaptist Church at Los Angeles and isnow organizing work for children andyoung people there.Frederick T. Wilhelms, AM'36,high school teacher and administrativeassistant in the Chicago1 schools, is theDirector for Illinois of the SecondaryDepartment of the National Education.The engagement of his daughter, OliveMay, to Winston Gleave was recentlyannounced.1913Lois Borland, AM, PhD'29, was recently appointed chairman of the Language and Literature Division at Western State College at Gunnison, Colorado, under a reorganization of the College on a six-division plan.Active last year on the committee responsible for the overwhelming successof the December meeting of the Eastern Massachusetts Group of the NewEngland Modern Language Association,Mrs. Bertha Reed Coffman, PhD, hasbeen elected chairman of meetings forthe present year. Mrs. Coffman is associate professor of German at SimmonsCollege.Bertha A. Miller recently moved to6640 Stewart Avenue, Chicago. She isteaching at Morgan Park High School.1914Mrs. George A. Buttrick (AgnesGardner) is now living at 960 ParkAvenue, New York City. Her husbandis minister of the Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church. They are the proudparents of three boys — John, Robert andDavid.Instructor in Bergen Junior College,Bogota, N. J., Paul E. Coleman, AM,has contributed over fifteen articles toeducational journals.W. J. Donald, PhD, is managing director of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association of New York City.Mrs. Glenn G. Hoskins (Louise Maxwell) of Liberty ville, Illinois, has threeboys — Charles, 17; William, 15, and Robert, 13. Charles hopes to study engineering at Purdue next year.John R. McNamara is secretary ofthe Rockford Finance Company, Rockford, 111.Oscar L. Olson, PhD, professor ofEnglish at Luther College, Decorah,Iowa, and widely known lecturer, haspublished a brief treatise entitled, Literary Treasures of the Bible (AugsburgPublishing House, Minneapolis). Hehas lectured frequently throughout theMiddle West on this subject and is anauthority in the field.Paul R. Pierce, AM'27, PhD'34,principal of the Wells High School ofChicago, varied his vacation this summer by teaching courses in secondarycurriculum at Syracuse University.1915John F. Barn hill teaches mathematics at Michigan State Normal College.Ralph D. Kellogg is a member ofthe New York Stock Exchange.Henry R. Kraybill, SM, PhD' 17, hasbeen elected chairman of the Division ofAgricultural and Food Chemistry of theAmerican Chemical Society for the current year and also president of the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists. Kraybill heads the Department ofAgricultural Chemistry at Purdue University.C. H. Maxson, PhD, retired professor of the University of Pennsylvania,has for the third consecutive yeartaught in the summer school of AlfredUniversity.George M. Morris, JD, of Washington, D. C, has been re-elected as chairman of the House of Delegates of theAmerican Bar Association.J. H. Smith is the author of the textbook Combination Arithmetics recentlypublished by Mentzer, Bush & Company. He is director of the TrainingSchool of the State Teachers Collegeof Oshkosh, Wis., and this year is serving as president of the Oshkosh RotaryClub.A new book, Sunspots and Their Effects, by Harlan True Stetson, PhD,now at the Massachusetts Institute ofTechnology, recently came off the pressof Whittlesey House of the McGraw-Hill Book Company. Dr. Stetson'searlier book, Man and the Stars, hasrecently been issued in a dollar edition Whatever you doShorthand will be useful to you.Learn GREGGthe world's fastest shorthand.THE GREGG PUBLISHING COMPANY6 North Michigan Ave. ChicagoAMBULANCE SERVICEBOYDSTON BROS:Emergency 'phones OAK. 0492-0493operatingAuthorized Ambulance Servicefor Billings HospitalUniversity Clinics, etc.PACKARD AND LASALLE EQUIPMENTASBESTOSA UNIVERSITY FAVORITEK. & M.FEATHERWEIGHT85% MagnesiaUniform and light in weight. Moredead a\r ceus better insulation.KEASBEY & MATTISON CO.205 W. Wacker Drive Ran. 6951AUTOMOBILE SALESfor Economical Transportation^CHEVROLET,SALES SERVICEJ. D. Levin '19 Pres.PASSENGER CARS - TRUCKSModem Service StationDREXEL CHEVROLET CO.4733 Cottage GroveDREXEL 3121ConsultWESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC ELEVATOR COMPANYMerchandise Mart • Telephone Superior 7878IF YOU HAVE AN ELEVATOR PROBLEMREPAIRS - SERVICE — MAINTENANCEMODERNIZATION — NEW ELEVATORSHYDE PARK MOTOR SALES, INC.5442 Lake Park Ave. Dorchester 2900Chrysler DeSoto Dodge PlymouthCarsWe specialize in greasing the above cars for only 45 cents.Service on all modelDeSoto DodgeCars26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAWNINGSPhones Oakland 0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.,INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueBOILER REPAIRINGBEST BOILER REPAIR &WELDING CO.BOILER REPAIRING AND WELDING24 HOUR SERVICE1408 S. Western Ave. Tel. Canal 6071BONDSP. H. Davis, 'II. H. I. Markham, 'Ex. '06R. W. Davis, '16 W. M. Giblin, '23F. B. Evans, 'IIPaul H. Davis & Co.MembersNew York Stock ExchangeChicago Stock Exchange10 So. La Salle St. Franklin 8622BOOKSMEDICAL BOOKSof All PublishersThe Largest and Most Complete Stock andall New Books Received as soon as published. Come in and browse.SPEAKMAN'S(Chicago Medical Book Co.)Congress and Honore StreetsOne Block from Rush Medical CollegeBUILDING CONSTRUCTIONW. J. LYNCHCOMPANYBUILDING CONSTRUCTION208 So. La Salle StreetCHICAGOCATERERJOSEPH H. BIGGSFine Catering in all its branches50 East Huron StreetTel. Sup. 0900- —090 1Retail Deliveries Daily and SundaysQuality and Service Since 1882 by Grosset and Dunlap, and Earth,Radio and the Stars has been broughtout by Mondadori in an Italian edition.I9I6Gale Blocki, Jr., is a salesman forJohn Blair and Company, advertising,of Chicago.L. Walter Dick, meteorologist forthe U. S. Weather Bureau, is stationedat Dubuque, Iowa.President D. M. Key, PhD, of Mill-saps College lists for his avocations:"Reading Vanderbilt and ChicagoAlumni Magazines. Automobile touring — went with three children to Mexico City a year ago last summer," butfinishes with the comment that "a smallcollege president has so colorful a collection of griefs and excitement, heneeds few 'diversions."Harry S. Tressel, JD, attorney,CPA and actuary, has his office at 10South LaSalle Street, Chicago.Albert R. Mann, AM, of the GeneralEducation Board, is vice president anddirector for southern education.1917John B. Barker is practicing law at209-210 Loeb Arcade, Minneapolis.Byron W. Donaldson is vice-president of the Bicknell Finance Companyand cashier of the Citizens State Bankof Bicknell, Indiana.William C. Emerson, who did hiswork in medicine at Columbia University and got his MD there in 1925, ispracticing in Rome, New York. He married Alice S. Adams, '17, in 1920 andthey have three children — Billy, Bettyand Henry.Margaret Kingery O'Brien (Mrs.Harry R.) writes from Wilson Road,Worthington, Ohio, that as a home-maker and the mother of two boys, aged9 and 12, she finds plenty to keep herbusy. Her husband writes the monthlydiary of "The Plain Dirt Gardener"appearing in Better Homes and Gardensand he speaks authoritatively, for theO'Brien family goes in for gardeningin a big way on their country estate ofseven acres.In December, Lillian L. Peppardreturned to Clarendon Hills, Illinois,after an extended stay in China, MalayFederated States and Java.J. Oliver Johnson is vice-presidentof the Chesterton State Bank, Chesterton, Ind.Frederic M. Thrasher, AM, PhD'26, of New York University, was promoted from associate professor to professor of education the first of September.A. F. Turman is district petroleumengineer for the Standard Oil Companyof California. Address him at Taft,California.Since April, 1937, Joseph E.Wheeler has been manager of theCaracas, Venezuela branch of the National City Bank of New York.The winner of the eleventh international Mark Twain quotation contest wasAvis Baker Rigg, AM. The judges,headed by William Lyon Phelps, awardedher the prize for giving the five bestquotations from Mark Twain in answer CEMENT CONTRACTORSLET US DO YOURCEMENT WORKG. A, GUNGGOLLCOMPANYConcrete Contractors for 35 Years6417 SO. PARK AVE.Telephone Normal 0434H. BORGESONPhone Avenue 4028 P. OSTERGAARDPhone Albany 651 1"O.K." Construction & Mfg. Co.LICENSEDCement ContractorsGarbage ContainersCement Garden FurniturePHONEAVENUE 4028 4328 BELMONT AVENUECHICAGO. ILL.T. A. REHNQUIST CO.CEMENT SIDEWALKSCONCRETE FLOORSTelephoneBEVERLY 0890FOR AN ESTIMATE ANYWHERECHEMICAL ENGINEERSAlbert K. Epstein, '12B. R. Harris, "21Epstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTel. Cent. 4285-6COALEASTMAN COAL CO.Established 19027 YARDSALL OVER TOWNMAIN OFFICE252 West 69th StreetTelephone Wentworth 3215JAMES COAL CO.ESTABLISHED 1888YARDS58th & Halsted Sts. Phone Normal 280081st & Wallace Sts. Phone Radcliffe 8000Wasson-PocahontasCoal Co.6876 South Chicago Ave.Phones: Wentworth 8620-1-2-3-4Wasson's Coal Makes Good — or —Wasson DoesTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 27to the question "What Five ThingsHave You Learned from Mark Twain ?"Mrs. Rigg is ^e wife of Melvin Rigg,professor of psychology at OklahomaA & M College and author of many articles on psychology. The family residesat 1223 College Avenue, Stillwater,Oklahoma.1920William C. Bausch, JD'22, informsus that his daughter, Nancy Jean, celebrated her first birthday on January 19.He has his law offices at 33 South ClarkStreet, Chicago.Eleanor Burgess of Chicago motored to Mexico this summer with hermother.Gladys Titsworth Chase of Hillsdale, Mich., has an article in the October number of Practical Home Economics entitled "Clothing Selection ina Liberal Arts College."John E. Joseph has been appointedpublicity director for Universal Pictures,with offices in New York City.In addition to teaching geographyand acting as head resident of a dormitory at Vassar College, Genieve Lam-son, SM'22, was last year supervisor ofthe Dutchess County Unit of the Federal Writers Project, which publishedthe Dutchess County Guide in June,1937. The staff of from five to twelverelief workers included several collegegraduates. Miss Lamson is also a member of the editorial board of the VassarJournal of Undergraduate Studies.Pauline Lyon teaches chemistry inthe Taft Union High School, Taft,California.1921A recent note from Ellis S. Hoglundrequests that we change his address tocare of Adam Opel A.G., Russelsheim/Main, Germany.William B. Kramer, SM'24, PhD'35, is with the U. S. Geological Survey,with headquarters at Denver, and is engaged in petroleum investigations."Climaxing a brilliant legal career,Jessie Sumner, of Milford, was electedCounty Judge of Iroquois County in aspecial election held on December 7,1937, to fill the unexpired term of heruncle, the late Judge John H. Gillan,Watseka, and became the first woman tohold the office of County Judge in thestate of Illinois."Illinois Bar Journal, January, 1938.John Twist is making quite a namefor himself in Hollywood as a screenwriter for RKO. Some of the scenariosthat have come from his pen are AnnOakley, Grand Old Girl, We Who AreAbout to Die, and Sea Devils.Kenneth H. Goode, AM'24, has beenteaching at Northland College, Ashland,Wisconsin, this semester.Director of research for the AmericanRolling Mills Company at Middletown,Ohio, Anson Hayes, PhD, sends ussome clippings describing Armco's newresearch laboratory building of streamline design called "The House ThatResearch Built," which was dedicated inNovember. "The laboratory is said to bethe first pretentious all-sheet building ofits kind in existence. . . The building en closes 43,000 square feet of space onone floor, the porcelain enameled ironand shining stainless steel bands of theexterior walls sweep around the cornersin graceful arcs, eliminating abruptangles. There is not a rivet in theentire building, all iron and steel partsare held together by electric welds."1922Damaris Ames has been appointedsocial director of Central Y.M.C.A. College, Chicago.Dick Flint, PhD'25, was a memberof the Louise A. Boyd Expedition toGreenland this summer. Before joiningthe party on board the "Veslekari" hemade an extensive trip through the Baltic region of northern Europe.Hulme Nebeker, JD, recently became a member of the law firm of Bag-ley, Judd, Ray and Nebeker, Suite 921,Kearns Building, Salt Lake City, Utah.1923Head of the Department of Geologyand Geography in Syracuse University,George B. Cressey, PhD, recently spentfour months studying and traveling inRussia and Siberia. There, with thespecial permission of the Soviet Government, he made extensive investigations and went within the Arctic Circle.Marvin Weller, PhD'27, in Chinaon a petroleum expedition, is expectedback in this country about February 1.He has had a very successful trip, muchof it by camel caravan.1925Transferred in November from Dallasto Baltimore, Herbert A. Ball is nowassistant supervisor of methods at theBaltimore Division of the Revere Copper and Brass Company.Joseph P. Woodlock, AM, is nowgeneral sales manager for the CrucibleSteel Company, Chrysler Building, NewYork City.1926Seward A. Covert is research director for Griswold-Eshleman Company,Cleveland advertising concern.Elmer A. Lampe, former athletic director and head coach at Carroll College, Waukesha, Wisconsin, has beennamed end coach of the football teamand head basketball coach at the University of Georgia.Vernon F. Schwalm, PhD, president of McPherson College for his eleventh year, was recently appointed to theState Board of Education by the governor of Kansas for a four-vear term.1928Kenneth Nielsen Campbell, PhD,who is an instructor in chemistry atNotre Dame University, and his wife,Barbara Knopp Campbell, '29, SM'31,who received her doctor's degree lastAugust from Pennsylvania State College, are now collaborating on some research in organic chemistry.On January first the Board of Trusteesof the University of Kansas City put fulladministrative responsibility upon theshoulders of Clarence R. Decker, PhD,chairman of the English Department,with the title of executive vice-president.This followed the request of President J. COFFEE -TEALa Touraine Coffee Co.IMPORTERS AND ROASTERS OFLA TOURAINECOFFEE AND TEA209-13 MILWAUKEE AVE., CHICAGOat Lake and Canal Sts.Phone State 1350Boston — New York — Philadelphia' — SyracuseCUT STONEOfficePhone Radcliffe 5988 ResidencePhone Beverly 9208ZIMMERMAN CUT STONE CO.Cut— Planed— •Turned — StoneHigh .Building-Rubbles • Flag GradeStone - Garden Rocks55 East 89th Place Chicago, IllinoisELECTRICAL CONTRACTORSMEADE ELECTRICCOMPANY, INC.ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORSWIRING FOR LIGHT & POWER3252 TelephoneFranklin Blvd. Kedzie 5070ELECTROLYSISELECTRIC SIGNSFEDERAL NEONSIGNSFEDERAL ELECTRIC COMPANYCLAUDE NEON FEDERAL CO.8700 South State StreeteW. D. Krupke, '19Vice-president28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEEMPLOYMENT BROKERSA. J. McCOYAND ASSOCIATES, INC.140 So. Dearborn, Chicago• • •In seeking a position ourservice is specialized; itis restrictedENGINEERSNEILER, RICH & CO. (not inc.)ENGINEERSCONSULTING, DESIGNING ANDSUPERVISINGAir Conditioning HeatingElectrical VentilatingMechanical Sanitary431 So. Dearborn StreetTelephone Harrison 7691FENCESANCHOR POST FENCE CO.Ornamental Iron — Chain Link —Rustic WoodFences for Campus, Tennis Court,Estate, Suburban Home or Industrial Plant.Free Advisory Service and EstimatesFurnished333 N. Michigan Ave.Telephone ST Ate 5812FLOWERS.A. -^ mil^ Q CHICAGOWr Established 1865e/j^ FLOWERSPhones : Plaza 6444, 64451364 East 53rd StreetFORM CLAMPSUNIVERSAL FORM CLAMP CO.Form Clamping and Tying DevicesBuilding Specialties •972 Montana St., Chicago, Illinois•San Francisco — Los Angeles — Jersey City— Philadelphia — Cleveland — Houston —Boston — New York — SyracuseFRACTURE APPARATUSFRACTURE EQUIPMENTORTHOPEDIC BRACESSPLINTSBONE INSTRUMENTS•ZIMMER MFG. CO.WARSAW, IND.FUNERAL DIRECTORH. D. LUDLOWFUNERAL DIRECTORFine Chapel with New Pipe OrganSEDAN AMBULANCETel. Fairfax 28616110 Cottage Grove Ave. Duncan Speath that he be relieved of administrative duties because of poorhealth.Elliott A. Johnson, JD'31, is withSchlumberger Well Surveying Corporation of Houston, Texas, as general.counsel. He was married on October17, 1936, to Katherine Ryckman, a graduate of the University of Illinois.1929Mortimer P. Masure, SM, wastransferred the first of February toWashington, D. C. Remaining in theBureau Plant Industry, Division ofFruit and Vegetable Crops, he is nowin the Section on Transportation, Storage and Handling, instead of in the Section on Fruit Production. He also plansto initiate further schooling toward adoctorate in plant physiology.Assistant professor of sociology atConnecticut College, Charles G.Chakerian, AM, last year published incollaboration with Murdock, et al., a volume entitled Studies in the Science ofSociety. He has also served as a consultant to the Pauper Law Commissionof Connecticut which published a reporton its findings in 1937.1930Emma C. W. Gray of Paine Collegetraveled in Europe during the past summer with Dr. and Mrs. B. E. Mays, visiting in England, Scotland, Holland,Germany, Switzerland and France. Theyattended the Conferences on Life andWork at Oxford in England.On leave of absence as Labor Relations Adviser for WPA in Pennsylvania, the present work of George L.Townsend is with the EmploymentBoard of the Department of Public Assistance to establish Oral ExaminingBoards to test persons taking CivilService examinations with the Department.1933A congressional medal "for scientificaccomplishment unequaled in polar exploration" was presented to Thomas C.Poulter, PhD, director of the ResearchFoundation at Armour Institute ofTechnology, at a dinner at the PalmerHouse on January 19. Dr. Poulter wassenior scientist and second in commandto Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd onthe second Byrd Antartic expedition,which left the United States in October,1933, and returned in May, 1935.Henry Sulcer, JD'36, is now withthe law firm of Leonard and Leonard,208 South LaSalle Street, Chicago.1934Robert Hepple has been transferredfrom the Chicago City Sales Office ofthe American Can Company to the National Sales Office of the same company,at 230 Park Avenue, New York City.1935Merrill M. May, AM'36, is^ teaching freshman English and working fora doctor's degree at the University ofIllinois.Elizabeth Sayler, now employed ina commercial art studio in New YorkCity, is thoroughly enjoying her work. GROCERIESLEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: Hyde Park 9100-1-2QUALITY FOODSTUFFSMODERATE PRICESWE DELIVERHANDWRITING EXPERTVERNON FAXONEXAMINER OF QUESTIONEDDOCUMENTS(Handwriting Expert)134 TelephoneN. La Salle St. Central 1050HEATINGPHILLIPS, 6ETSCH0W GO.ENGINEERS & CONTRACTORSHeating, Ventilating, Power,Air Conditioning32W. Hubbard St. TelephoneSuperior 61 16HOTELBLACKSTONEHALLanExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748 TelephoneBlackstone Ave. Plaza 3313Verna P. Werner, DirectorLAUNDRIESMorgan Laundry Service, Inc.2330 Prairie Ave.Phone Calumet 7424Dormitory ServiceSUNSHINE LAUNDRYCOMPANYAll ServicesDry Cleaning2915 Cottage Grove Ave.Telephone Victory 5110THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 29Her present address is 435 West 119thStreet, New York City.1936Robert D. Kracke, assistant chemist,is working for the Featheredge RubberCompany of Chicago.L. Roland Kuhn, PhD, is an instructor in the Department of Bacteriology at the University of Chicago.Lee Meltzer is now with the UnitedGas System, Beeville, Texas.Roger A. Prior, SM, is teaching atMississippi State College.Mary E. Schlitz, AM, has been atDuchesne College in Omaha since thefirst of September.1937Gene Hahnel and Jean Grace weremarried in June and are living at Mar-quand, Missouri.Floyd E. Harper, Jr., SM, is nowemployed by the U. S. Rubber ProductsCompany in Mishawaka, Indiana.Dan Jones is with the Phillips Petroleum Company at Bartlesville, Okla.RUSH1880John A. Badgley, MD, sends wordfrom DeKalb, Illinois, that they have amost enthusiastic group of alumni inthat city. Dr. Badgley was presidentof the DeKalb County Medical Societyfor one year, city health officer for twoyears and medical director of the DeKalb County Tuberculosis Sanatoriumeight years.1883William W. Hall, MD, physicianof McLeansboro, Illinois, is local surgeon for the L. & N. Railroad Company. He is an ex-member of theUnited States Pension Board.R. N. Mayfield, MD, retired majorand surgeon, writes that he has movedfrom 705 First Street to 627 FirstStreet, Seattle, Washington.1884Division surgeon for the St. LouisSouthwestern Railway since 1888,Amos W. Troupe, MD, lives at 917West Fifth Avenue, in Pine Bluff,Arkansas.Ernest Mammen, MD'84, F.A.C.S.,died August 22, 1937, in Bloomington,Illinois, where he had been in activepractice from graduation until his retirement in 1923. Upon so-called retirement from active practice he andhis wife journeyed to China to visittheir daughter, Mrs. Milton M. Bowne,'20, who was then located in Shanghai.There he became surgical diagnosticianand teacher of the Bible at St. JohnsUniversity, took on additional duties asphysician and surgeon in the hospitalsof Shanghai and Nanking and becameCommunity Director of the Council ofHealth Education for China. Beforehis return to America he lectured inhalf a dozen Chinese cities, wrote numerous articles for the Chinese magazines and directed the first "HealthWeek" program ever conducted inChina.One of the most active proponentsand supporters of the University of Chicago from its inception, none wasmore pleased than he when his MedicalSchool became a part of the Universityand he lived to preside at the 50th Reunion of his Class in 1934.1886Charles W. Fisk, MD, of Kingfisher, Okla., is interested in knowingif there is another family that has aslong a record of association with Rushand the University. His father, Heze-kiah Fisk, graduated from Rush in1854 and Charles followed in his footsteps graduating in 1886. Grant Goodrich signed both diplomas. His daughter, Gertrude, graduated from theUniversity in 1919 and married JoyceC Stearns who took both a master'sand doctor's degree here. Their son,Burton Fisk Stearns was born in thePresbyterian Hospital.1928Roy E. Brackin, '25, MD, has beendoing research in experimental andclinical surgery at Rush for three yearsunder the guidance of Dr. Gatewood,clinical professor of surgery.Allan S. Shohet, '25, MD, 3755Arthington Street, Chicago, says thathis son, J. Leon, is "now seven monthsold and a whopper ! Is not yet interested in politics."SOCIAL SERVICEAmong the students who received theA. M. degree in Social Service Administration at the December, 1937, Convocation, who have taken positions inMedical Social Work or PsychiatricSocial Work, are the following : CarolJane Bartelmez, medical social worker, Cleveland City Hospital; HelenBell, medical social worker, JohnsHopkins Hospital; Dorothea CurtisChickering, medical social worker,Roosevelt Hospital, New York City;Hazel Marie Halloran, medical social worker, St. Vincent's Hospital,New York City ; Mary Theresa Paz-dera, Children's Center, Detroit, Michigan; and Ramona Backus, ElizabethMcCormick Memorial Fund.The following have taken positions inChild Welfare: Edith Alma Brook-hart, Child Welfare Division, StateDepartment of Public Welfare, Illinois ;Agnes Hermine Eilers, Child Welfare Division, State Department of Public Welfare, Washington; ThompsonR. Fulton> Probation Officer, JuvenileCourt, Washington, D. C. ; MiltonGoren Johnson, Child Welfare Consultant , State Social Security Commission, Jefferson City, Missouri; CarlKahn, Scholarship Association forJewish Children, Chicago; DorothyRuth Sprung, Children's Division,Tennessee Department of Public Welfare; and Marian Elizabeth Ward,Chicago High Schools.George William Louden, Jr., Bernice Quateman Sheinfeld, CarlFranklin Smucker and MillardPrichard have taken positions in theChicago Relief Administration. Otherstudents and their positions include: LAUNDRIES (Con.)THEBEST LAUNDRY andCLEANING COMPANYALL LAUNDRY SERVICESAlsoZoric System of Cleaning- : - Odorless Quality Cleaning - : -Phone Oakland 1383LETTER SERVICEPOND LETTER SERVICEEverything in LettersHooven TypewritingMultigraphingAddressograph Service MimeographingAddressingMailingHighest Quality Service Minimum PricesAll Phones 418 So. Market St.Harrison 8118 ChicagoLITHOGRAPHERL. C. Mead '21. E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph — Offset — Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabash 8182MARBLEHENRY MARBLE COMPANYCONTRACTORS and FINISHERSofIMPORTED and DOMESTIC MARBLES3208 Shields Ave., Chicago, IllinoisTelephones (Victory 1196MASONRY REPAIRSI. ECKMANTuck Pointing and BuildingCleaningWindow Calking7452 Cottage Grove Ave.Phone Vincennes 6513MUSIC ENGRAVERSHIGHEST RATED IN UNITED STATESENGRAVERS SINCE I 9 O 6 + WORK DONE BY ALL PROCESSES ++ ESTIMATES GLADLY FURNISHED +? ANY PUBLISHER OUR REFERENCE ?RAYNER• DALHEIM &CO.20S* W. LAKE ST., CHICAGO.30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMOTOR LIVERYCLOISTER GARAGEChicago Petersen Motor LiveryA PERSONAL SERVICEof Refinement, Catering to theUNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO•5650 LAKE PARK AVE.Phone MIDWAY 0949PAINTERSGEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3 1 86E. STEWART FEIGHINC.PAINTING — DECORATING5559 TelephoneCottage Grove Ave. Midway 4404RICHARD H. WEST CO.COMMERCIALPAINTING & DECORATING1331W. Jackson Blvd. TelephoneMonroe 3192PHOTOGRAPHERMOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF QUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago . . State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C. ALUMNIPLASTERINGHOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTYllll East 55th StreetTelephone Dorchester 1579SMITHSONPLASTERING COMPANYLathing and PlasteringContractors53 W.Jackson Blvd. TelephoneWabash 8428 Jules Herman Berman, Departmentof Public Welfare, Rochester, NewYork; John Newton Boyd, Joint Application Bureau, New York City;Alice Solomon DeKoven, Jewish Social Service Bureau, Chicago; FrankDavid Finlay, Council of Social Agencies, Chicago; James Kenneth Mulligan, Old Age Assistance, CookCounty Bureau of Public Welfare;John M. Whitelaw, State Relief Committee, Oregon, and Eleanor VioletWrigley, United Charities, Chicago.Edwina Meany Lewis, PhB '25,formerly director of Unemployment Relief Service in Chicago and- now director of the Social Service Exchange andthe Family Welfare Division of theCouncil of Social Agencies was amongthe students who received the AM degree at the last convocation.Ruth Palmer Janowicz, AM'37, ofthe United Charities, has been appointed case work supervisor of the FamilyWelfare Association in New Haven,Connecticut.Margaret Leahy, AM'37, has beenappointed to a position in the PublicAssistance Division of the Social Security Board, Washington, D. C.Henry Coe Lanpher, AM'36, hasbeen appointed Assistant Professor onthe Faculty of the School of SocialWork of the Louisiana State University.Married: James Lee Verity, AM,1937, to Ruth Mary Donish. OramelK. Krueger, AM, 1937, to JessieVieh meyer, a former graduate studentin the School. PLUMBINGSOUTH SIDEMEDICALThe Class of 1937 is interning as follows:L. Asher, Michael Reese.G. Brown, Wisconsin General.P. Bergstrom, Madison General.M. Cohen, Baltimore General.W. Crane, University of Michigan.R. Davis, Army, San Antonio.R. Ebert, Boston City.G. Fox, Los Angeles County.Sol DeLee, Michael Reese.M. Granoff, Littauer, N. Y.A. Haerem, Billings.O. Julian, St. Luke's.C. Loosli, Johns Hopkins.R. Kinney, Cook County.S. Mackler, Michael Reese.R. Noojin, Duke.K. Smith, University of Michigan.P. Ross is doing research in Department of Pathology, Billings.C. Pfeiffer, Wisconsin General.Announcements of opening of offices :Dr. George Crisler, '31, announcesthe opening of offices in Suite 317, Medical Arts Building, Charleston, WestVirginia. Practice limited to the internalmedicine of metabolic diseases, endocrinology, arthritis, and peripheral vascular disturbances.Dr. Arthur H. Rosenblum, '33, announces the opening of his office at 2376East 71st Street, Chicago. Infants andchildren. A. J. F. LOWE & SON1217 East 55th StreetPlumbing and Heating ContractorRadio and Electrical ShopsDay Phone MIDway 0782PRESCRIPTIONSEDWARD MERZ L. BRECKWOLDTSARGENTS DRUG STOREDevoted to serving the Medical Profession and Filling PrescriptionsOver 85 Years23 N. WABASH AVE.TelephonesFor General Use Dearborn 4022-4023Incoming Only Central 0755-0759PUBLISHERSBOOK MANUSCRIPTSWanted — All subjects, for immediate publication. Booklet sent free.Meador Publishing Co.324 Newbury St., Boston, Mass.REAL ESTATEBROKERAGE MORTGAGESTHEBILLS CORPORATIONBenjamin F. Bills, '12, ChairmanEVERYTHING IN REAL ESTATE134 S. La Salle St. State 0266MANAGEMENT INSURANCEREFRIGERATIONPhones Lincoln 0002-3 Established 1888D. A. MATOTManufacturer ofREFRIGERATORSDUMB WAITERS1538-46 MONTANA STREETRESTAURANTSMISS LINDQUISrS GAFE5540 Hyde Park Blvd.GOOD FOOD— MODERATE PRICESA place to meet in large and small groups.Private card rooms.Telephone Midway 7809in tke Broadview HotelThe Best Place to Eat on the South SideIJimMiMBiM:COLONIAL RESTAURANT6324 Woodlawn Ave.Phone Hyde Park 6324THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 31ROOFERSBECKERAll types of RoofingHome InsulatingAll over Chieago and suburbs.Brunswick 2900RE-ROOFING — REPAIRINGGROVEROOFINGFAirfax5206Gilliland6644 COTTAGE GROVE Av7INSULATINGRUGSAshjian Bros., inc.Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED2313 E. 71st St. Ptone Dor. 0009SHEET METAL WORKSECONOMY SHEET METAL WORKS•Galvanized Iron and Copper CornicesSkylights, Gutters, Down SpputsTile, Slate and Asbestos Roofing•1927 MELROSE STREETBuckingham 1893SURGICAL SUPPLIESBRIDGE CORSETSandSURGICAL SUPPORTSBERTHA BRIDGE. DESIGNER926 Marshall Field Annex25E. Washington St. TelephoneDearborn 3434TEACHERS' AGENCIESAlbert Teachers' Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoEstablished 1885. Placement Bureau formen and women in all kinds of teachingpositions. Large and alert College andState Teachers' College departments forDoctors and Masters; forty per cent of ourbusiness. Critic and Grade Supervisors forNormal Schools placed every year in largenumbers; excellent opportunities. Specialteachers of Home Economics, Business Administration, Music, and Art, secure finepositions through us every year. PrivateSchools in all parts of the country amongour best patrons; good salaries. Well prepared High School teachers wanted for cityand suburban High Schools. Special manager handles Grade and Critic work. Sendfor folder today. Dr. K. C. Nehr, '33, is practicing inNorth Manchester, Indiana.Dr. Vida B. Wentz, '34, announcesthe opening of her office at 1525 East53d Street, Chicago. Practice limitedto infants and children.D'r. L. Dell Henry, '35, announcesher association in practice with DoctorsKuhn, Smith, Kuhn and Hipskind, at418 First Trust Building, Hammond,Indiana.BOTANY LUNCHEONThe seventeenth annual luncheon ofthe University of Chicago' BotanyAlumni held at the Claypool Hotel, Indianapolis, on Wednesday, December 29,had an attendance of 112, the largest onrecord. The largest previous meetingwas at New Orleans in 1931 with an attendance of 84. Professor C. A. Shullacted as toastmaster and Professors E.J. Kraus and G. D. Fuller spoke forthe Department and expressed the regrets of absent alumni.Brief speeches were also made byPaul B. Sears, PhD '22, University ofOklahoma ; H. de Forest, PhD '20, University of Southern California; ClareF. Cox, PhD '31, Arsenal TechnicalHigh School, Indianapolis; FreddaReed, PhD '24, Mount Holyoke College ;Bertha Le Beau, SM '29, CarthageCollege, Illinois; Malcolm C. Sewell,PhD '22, General Secretary, Sigma NuFraternity, Indianapolis; H. B. Tukey,PhD '32, Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, New York; and C. O.Appleman, PhD '10, University ofMaryland.Telegrams of greeting were sent toProfessors Emeritus Cowles and Landand to Professor H. E. Hayward.In order to provide for the better organization of the next luncheon to beheld at Richmond, Virginia, Frank P.Cullinan, PhD '31, U. S. Departmentof Agriculture, was elected as Chairman,and G. D. Fuller, PhD '13, as Secretary of the Chicago Botany Alumni.UTAH LAWYERS MEETAt the annual meeting of the UtahState Bar, held at the Hotel Ben Lomond, Ogden, Utah, December 4, 1937,the alumni of the Law School held itsannual luncheon during the noon recess.There were in attendance twenty-oneof our alumni lawyers including D. W.Moffat, '05, Justice of the Utah Supreme Court; Irwin Arnovitz, LLB'28, Chairman of the Utah State TaxCommission; Hugo B. Anderson, JD'14, Business Head, Salt Lake City Welfare Organization. Joseph S. Jones,JD '30, assisted by W. W. Ritter, LLB'24, of the University of Utah Law Faculty, led in a discussion of the new orderput into effect in the Law School thislast fall.An executive committee to provide formore frequent meetings and subject-matter to discuss at such meetings wasappointed as follows :M. C. Harris, LLB '10, of Logan.LeRoy B. Young, LLB, '13, ofOgden.I. E. Brockbank, JD '20, of Provo.A. D. Morris, JD '23, of Cedar City.Robert L. Judd, LLB '10, of SaltLake City, Chairman. TEACHERS' AGENCIES (Cont,)AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. Jackson BoulevardChicagoA Bureau of Placement which limits itswork to the university and college fieldIt is affiliated with the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.Paul Yatesj£ates-Fisher Teachers' AgencjQEstablished 1906616 South Michigan Ave., ChicagoHUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY25 E. JACKSON BLVD.Telephone Harrison 7793Chicago, III.Member National Associationof Teachers AgenciesWe Enjoy a Very Fine High School, Normal School,College and University PatronageUNIFORMSTailored Uniforms Made to MeasureWomen Doctors and Nurses, Stock sizeInterne SuitsANEDLA McSWEENY1910 So. Ogden AvenueSEEley 3734 Evenings by AppointmentUPHOLSTERINGANDERSON & EKSTROMUPHOLSTERERS — DECORATORSREFINISHING — REMODELINGMATTRESSES— SHADES— DRAPERIESFurniture made to your order1040 E. 47th St. Oakland 4433Established over 40 yearsVENTILATINGThe Haines CompanyVentilating and Air ConditioningContractors1929-1937 West Lake St.Phones Seeley 2765-2766-2767X-RAY SUPPLIESX-RAY SUPPLIES& Accessories"At Your Service9Tel. Seeley 2550-51Geo. W. Brady & Co.809 So. Western Ave.32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEENGAGEDFrederick Lieberthal, MD'27, toMarjorie Holbrook Miller. The wedding will take place in March.John D. Aikenhead, AM'30, ofSangudo, Alberta, Canada, to MadgeWatson of Calgary, Alberta. The wedding is planned for July.Horace B. Fay, Jr., '37, to ElizabethE. Carson.Jayne Paulman, '37, to John FlintDille, Jr., ex '35.MARRIEDDean Rockwell Wickes, '05, PhD'12 to Barbara Staples on August 18,1937, in Washington, D. C. ; address,112 Chestnut Avenue, Takoma Park,Maryland.Ruth Siefkin, '18, to Francis Leonard Bacon, on December 18, Glencoe,Illinois ; at home after the first ofMarch, 1225 Gregory Avenue, Wil-mette, Illinois.Melvin L. Welke, '27, to DorothyHelen Huston, on August 1, 1937; theylive in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, where heis minister of the Peoples UnitarianChurch.Gordon Taylor Burns, '30, MD'35,to Mildred Birmingham, in Berwyn,Illinois, on October 9, 1937; at home,5603 Drexel Avenue, Chicago.Jean E. Hawks, PhD'31, to FrankN. Hewetson, July 5, 1937; at home428 Butterfield Drive, East Lansing,Michigan.Marjorie L. Marcy, '31, SM'32, toFergus Irvine, on December 17, 1937;they will reside in New Orleans.Wilbert L. Terre, SM'32, to Magdalene Ann Schilling on October 19.Robert G. Howe, '34, to Doris MaryBeaumont, on November 25, 1937; athome, 1706 North 69th Street, Wauwa-tosa, Wis.John Flowers Locke, PhD'34, toAnne Goudelocke on July 11, 1937;they are making their home in StateCollege, Miss.Eleanor L. Pflaum, '34, to RichardJ". Feuchtwanger, on July 2, 1937; athome, Blackwood Hotel, 5200 Blackstone Avenue, Chicago.Harry D. Darlington, '36, toEvelyn M. Thomas on November 18,1937; at home, 4025 North KedvaleAvenue, Chicago.Dorothy Guynn, '36, to RichardWertzler, '36, on November 6, 1937.They are residing in Gary, where Mr.Wertzler is employed with the CarnegieIllinois Steel Company.Elizabeth S. Brown, PhD'37, toHerman B. Chase, in August, 1937.They are now living in Greenville,North Carolina.Jacob Z. Jacobson, '37, to HelenBorchardt, in August, 1937; at home,1403 East 57th Street, Chicago.Berenice Loeb to Laurence L.Sloss, PhD'37, in June, 1937. After ahoneymoon in Europe, they proceededto Butte, Montana, where they are living at 612 West Silver Street.Catherine Pittman, '37, to HarryWatkins on September 6, 1937, in Statesboro, Georgia; they are residingat 4054 Oakenwald Avenue, Chicago.Florence C. Pease, AM'32, to J. L.Young, June 19, 1937, Seattle, Wash.;address, 4311 12 Avenue N. E., Seattle,Wash.Ida Siegal, '37, to Walter Vaslow,'37, on December 26, 1937, in Hartford, Conn.; at home, 1408 East Marquette Road, Chicago.Matthew E. Welsh, JD'37, to Virginia Homann of Washington, Indiana,on September 25, 1937; they are livingat 1108 Oak Street, Vincennes, Ind.BORNTo Frank Pearcy, '22, PhD'24,MD'28, and Mrs. Pearcy, a son, JohnKendrick, on August 10, 1937, Bronxville, N. Y.To Delvy T. Walton, JD'24, andMrs. Walton, a son, John Thomas, onSeptember 22, 1937, Los Angeles, California.To Mr. and Mrs. Cornells W. deKiewiet (Lucea Hejinian, SM'23),their third child, John William on November 27, 1937, in Iowa City, Iowa.To Dr. and Mrs. R. S. Claflin (RuthShaughnessy, ex '25), of 4121 NorthHermitage Avenue, Chicago, a daughter, Patricia, on October 29, 1937.To J. Newton Wakeman, MD'25,and Mrs. Wakeman, a son, Jay Newt,on April 2, 1937, Springfield, Missouri.To Byron A. Carse, LLB'26, andMrs. Carse, their second daughter, Sandra Kay, on August 16, 1937, in Detroit, Michigan.To Seward A. Covert, '26, andMrs. Covert, a second son, GeoffreyStockwell, on December 11, 1937, inCleveland, Ohio.Carlile Bolton-Smith, JD'26, andMrs. Bolton-Smith, a son, Carlile, Jr.,on September 3, 1937, Washington,D. C.To Mr. and Mrs. Robert D. Cox(Mildred Heatter, '26), a daughter,Elizabeth Jane, March 30, 1937, Chicago.To Alven M. Weil, '28, MD'32, andMrs. Weil, a son, Harvey J., on October 28, 1937, in Akron, Ohio.To Thomas R. Coyne, '34 and Mrs.Coyne (Charlotte Eckhart '29), ason, Timmy, on July 13, 1937, Kenil-worth, 111.To Joel S. Lowenstein, '29, andMrs. Lowenstein, of 6816 Oglesby Avenue, Chicago, a daughter, Janet Louiseon January 14, 1938.To Mr. and Mrs. Almon N. Bowes(Eleanor Martin, '30), of 31 ParkTerrace West, New York City, theirsecond son, Stevenson Evans, on April21, 1937.To Newell S. Gingrich, PhD'30,and Mrs. Gingrich, a daughter, Katherine Ann, on December 18, 1937, Columbia, Missouri.To Mr. and Mrs. James R. D. Stevenson (Marion Eckhart '30), a son,James, Jr., on March 10, 1937, Kenil-worth, 111.To Samuel S. Frey, SM'31, andMrs. Frey, of 18215 Torrence Avenue, Oak Glen, Illinois, a daughter, CarolJune, on June 8, 1937.To Norman B. Johnson, PhD'31,and Mrs. Johnson (Genevieve Goodman), AM'32, of Galesburg, Illinois, ason, Alan Elliott, on August 16, 1937.To Mr. and Mrs. Mitrofan Afanasiev(Frances Grassley, SM'32), a daughter, Jane Alexandra, in October, 1937,in Bozeman, Montana.To George M. DeYoung, MD'32,and Mrs. DeYoung, a daughter, MarionLouise, in July, 1937, George, Iowa.To Charles F. Leich, MD'32, andMrs. Leich, a son, Charles Duncan,September 12, 1937, Evansville, Ind.To Stanley I. Posner, AM'32, andMrs. Posner, a son, Lawrence David,on October 21, 1937, in Cambridge,Mass.To Harry Shernoff, '32, and Mrs.Shernoff, their second child, WilliamMartin, on September 26, 1937, Crivitz,Wisconsin.To Francis W. Huston, MD'34,and Mrs. Huston, of Winchester, Kansas, their second child, a daughter, onApril 29, 1937.To Albert E. Sidwell, PhD'34, andMrs. Sidwell, a daughter, Nancy Helen,on December 31, Chicago.To Irving Barkan, PhD'35, andMrs. Barkan, of 1934 East 74th Street,Chicago, a daughter, Paula, on December 16, 1937.To M. C. Bergen, '33, AM'35, andMrs. Bergen, of 11108 Bell Avenue,Chicago, their second daughter, Susan,on January 10, 1938.To Marvin L. Channon, '37, andMrs. Channon, a son, Frederick Robert,January 16, 1938, Chicago.To Charles W. Holt, AM'37, andMrs. Holt, a son, Charles Steele, onJune 18, 1937, Chicago.DIEDNathan E. Wood, 72, DB'75,clergyman, died July 8, 1937, in Arlington, Massachusetts, at the age of 88.Edward Otto, MD'89, November 9,1937, Chicago. He had practiced medicine in Chicago for many years.Arthur Walter Rogers, MD'95,for many years a physician in Ocono-mowoc, Wisconsin, died August 27,1937.William V. Bryant, MD'01, physician and surgeon in Madison, Wis., formany years, died October 31, 1937, atthe age of 61.Frances Baker (Mrs. Louis B.Bigelow), '08, a teacher of Latin atTreadwell Junior High School, Memphis, Tennessee, for over ten years, diedin December, 1937.O. L. Edwards, '12, MD'14, died November 23, 1937, after an extended illness in Roodhouse, 111., at the age of 51.On October 2, 1937, FrederickMarsh Trumbull, '23, fell, suffered anextensive basal skull fracture and diedwithout regaining consciousness aboutthree hours later. He was vocationaldirector of the Rockford Public Schoolsof 111.Franklin J. Behrndt, '25, died December 29, 1937, in LaPorte, Indiana.OF INTEREST TO TELEPHONE USERSI think many people have only a vague idea of how our company functionswithin the Bell System, and how a unique business philosophy is operating tomake your telephone service increasingly dependable and economical. This advertisement is the briefest possible statement of the philosophy that guides theWestern Electric Company.PRESIDENTIn 1882 the Bell System became convinced that the best way to assure uniformityof equipment necessary for universal telephone service was to control its manufacture through one organization. To this end it acquired the Western ElectricCompany, which operates under this three-fold policy:1. To make telephone apparatus of high quality.This in itself is not unusual. What isunusual is that every item of equipment in the vast network of the BellSystem must coordinate so perfectly thatfrom any Bell telephone you can talkclearly with any one of the millions ofothers. Can you think of any otherproduct which must meet such an extraordinary test?2. To work for efficiency andlower costs.Whether it be in purchasing materials— or in manufacturing the 43,000 itemsof telephone apparatus — or in distributing all this equipment to the Bellcompanies, Western Electric is alwaysseeking the better way. As a result it has a progressive record of methodsdeveloped, products improved, economies effected, and costs lowered.3. To keep prices at the lowestpossible level consistent withfinancial safety.Western Electric furnishes most of thetelephone equipment used by the operating companies of the System. By combining their requirements it is able tomanufacture more economically; and iteliminates selling expenses and creditlosses. The resulting savings it passesalong to its telephone customers in theform of lower prices.On these sales the policy of theCompany is to set the lowest priceswhich will enable it to pay fair wagesto its employees, to earn a fair returnon the money invested in the business, and to maintain the Company's financial stability.This policy of voluntarily limitingprofits is reflected in the Company'sfinancial record. In recent years it hasearned on its investment a rate of return only about half as large as that ofa representative group of comparablemanufacturers, and over a period oftwenty years this rate has averagedless than 7%.This set-up within the Bell System results in low costs to your TelephoneCompany, and thus Western Electriccontributes its part in making Bell Telephone service dependable and economical.Western ElectricBELL SYSTEM SERVICE IS BASED ON WESTERN ELECTRIC QUALITY®*SP*0fc«^^t^ions*** \ !Copyright 1938, Liggett & Myers Tobacco •Co.