THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEA P R ISCHOOL AND CAMPDIRECTORYBOYS' SCHOOLSCRANBROOK SCHOOLDistinctive endowed preparatory school for boys.Also junior department. Exceptionally beautiful,complete, modern. Unusual opportunities inarts, crafts, sciences. Hobbies encouraged. Allsports. Single rooms. Strong faculty. Individual attention. Graduates in over 40 colleges.Near Detroit.Registrar, 3010 Lone Pine RoadBloomfield Hills, Mich.ROXBURY SCHOOLFor boys 11 years and olderFlexible organization and painstaking supervision of each boy's program offer opportunityfor exceptional scholastic progress and generaldevelopment.A. E. Sheriff, HeadmasterCheshire,, ConnecticutCOLLEGESAINT XAVIER COLLEGEFOR WOMEN4900 Cottage Grove AvenueCHICAGO, ILLINOIS ,A Catholic College Conducted bythe SISTER'S OF MERCYCourses lead to the B. A. and B. S.degrees. Music — ArtART SCHOOL= South Shore Art School =^^ Clay Kelly, Director =^^ A school of individual instruction SS»SS in drawing, painting, and clay SS5ZZZ modeling. "™= 1542 East 57th Street, Chicago, III. EESZ5 Telephone, Dorchester 4643 SZS^IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIfrHLIBRARY SCHOOLLIBRARY SCHOOL209 S. State St., Chicago, Ml.Preparatory course for public Librarian.Practical book courses for positions inRental Libraries and book stores.Register Mon. to Fri. II a. m. fo 4 p. m. GIRLS' SCHOOLGirl's Schools in the Diocese of Virginia (Episcopal)ST. ANNE'S SCHOOLCHARLOTTESVILLE, VIRGINIAMargaret L. Porter — HeadmistressST. CATHERINE'S SCHOOLRICHMOND, VIRGINIALouisa deB. Bacot Brackett— HeadmistressDay and Boarding. Thorough preparation for allleading colleges. . Also courses for students not planning to enter college. Music. Art. Riding. Outdoor SportsSECRETARIAL SCHOOLS(atharine GibbsTWO YEAR COURSE — College and cultural subjects, with thorough secretarial training.ONE YEAR COURSE— Intensive secretarial trainingAlso SPECIAL COURSE for COLLEGE WOMENDelightful residences in Boston and in New YorkFor catalog address: Office of Admissions.nn BOSTON NEWYORK PROVIDENCF90 Marlborough St. 230 Park Ave. 155 Angell StIntensive Stenographic Coursef£R™C0LLEGE MEN & WOMEN100 Words a Minute in 100 Days As- a_sured for one Fee. Enroll NOW. Day "JCclasses only — Begin Jan., Apr , Julyand Oct. Write or Phone Ran. 1575.'_,18^S. MICHIGAN AVE., CHICAGO^1Mac Cormac SchoolCommerce ofBusiness Administration and SecretarialTrainingDAY AND EVENING CLASSESAccredited by the National Association of Accredited Commercial Schools.1 170 E. 63rd St. H. P. 2130Your whole life throughShorthand will be useful to you.LEARN GREGGThe World's Fastest Shorthand.THE GREGG PUBLISHING COMPANY2500 Prairie Ave. Chicago BOYS' CAMPTHE OLDEST CAMP IN THE WESTCAMP HIGHLANDSFOR BOYSSAYNER, WISCONSINThree Camps— 8-12: 13-14: 15-17Woodcraft, Athletic and Water Sports,Music, Photography, Scouting, Long CanoeTrips, Riding, Shooting, Shop, Nature Lore,Camping Trips, Unexcelled Equipment!Experienced Staff, Doctor-Nurse.WRITE THE DIRECTOR FOR CATALOGW. J. MONILAW, M. D.5712 Kenwood Ave., ChicagoCO-EDUCATIONAL SCHOOLThe Midway School6216 Kimbark Ave. Tel. Dorchester 3299Elementary Grades— High SchoolPreparation — KindergartenFrench, Music and ArtBUS SERVICEA School with Individual Instruction andCultural AdvantagesSPECIAL SCHOOLELIZABETH HULL SCHOOLForRETARDED CHILDRENBoarding and Day Pupils5046Greenwood Ave TelephoneDrexel 1188Published by the Alumni Council of the University of Chicago, monthly, from November to July. Office of Publication, 403 Cobb Hall, 58th St. atEllis Avenue, Chicago. Annual subscription price $2.00. Single copies 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, at the Post Officeat Chicago. Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879. The Graduate Group, Inc., 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City, is the official advertising agencyo± the Unhersity of Chicago Magazine.I.REFRIGERATION GLORIFIEDHERE is luxury such as you'venever seen in a refrigeratorbefore. For the new plus-poweredKelvinator far surpasses previous refrigerators in appearanceand convenience.Yet Kelvinator does so muchmore, saves so much more, is soeconomical to buy and to use,that most families can more easilyafford to own the new Kelvinatorthan to do without ! Thousandswho already own automatic refrigerators are now replacingthem with new Kelvinators,largely because of these two facts:FACT ONE : The new 1937PIUS-POWMED Kelvinator is plus-powered. Ithas as much as double the cooling capacity of other well-knownrefrigerators of equal size.FACT TWO : The new Kelvinator runs only half as many minutes per day— during the rest ofthe time it maintains low temperatures using no current at all.The new Kelvinator costs moreto build, but it costs no more tobuy than a less powerful, lesseconomical refrigerator. It canbe bought on your dealer's specialtime payment plan — or for aslittle as 90j£ a week on the Kelvinator ReDisCo Plan. WHERE A NEW WAY OF LIVING BEGINS . . .equipped "with Kelvinator electric refrigeration, complete air conditioning with year round automaticcontrol of heat and humidity, electric or gas range,washing machine, ironer and. automatic water heater— can be constructed by your own architect andbuilder for less than $7,500. The Kelvin Home Book,with exterior views, floor plans and description ofequipment is now available without cost whereverKelvinator products are sold.KELVINATOR, Division of NASH -KELVINATORCORPORATION, Detroit, Michigan. Factories alsoin London, Ontario, and London, England.Vt CUTS THE COST OF BETTER LIVING(Please favor our advertisers when checking coupon facing Page VII. of Rear Advertising Section. Thank you — The Editor.)II.Newmarket LastCordovan $13.50Remember when you sauntered the campus in yourFrank Brothers Shoes. Remember how you swore bytheir style and inherent character? You knew theywere made to stand up and stand out. A good reasonfor your son to wear FB shoes— most economical shoeon the campus. The style is built in — not added on.Write for new Style Book and exhibition dates in your city3famk Iroiljmi588 FIFTH AVENUE • bet. 47th & 48th Sts. • NEW YORKCHICAGO, 112 W. Adams Street PITTSBURGH, 225 Oliver AvenuePROTECTWHAT YOUHAVECOPYRIGHT 1932 byINS. CO, OF NORTH AMERICA M.ATE RIAL success depends not only uponacquiring but also upon holding what you gain. Youreconomic welfare is constantly threatened by fire, windstorm, explosion, accident, theft and otherhazards thatareunpredictableand,toagreat extent, beyond your control.Modern property insurance is extremely flexible ....with policies available against practically every hazardknown to man. As you acquire, insure and be sure.Protect what you have with North America Policies.This oldest American fire and marine insurance company (founded in 1792) enjoys an enviable reputationfor financial stability and prompt and equitable settlement of claims.Insurance Company ofNorth AmericaPHILADELPHIAand its affiliated companies write practically every form of insurance except life NEW CAR ANNOUNCEMENTSPVP fO" ^931~"jf, Buick **">"¦" A choice -Ibrilliantly desired bodies to meet your heart's deslr.7Roomier interior of tailored smartness. 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And economical — owners reportDodge gives 18 to 24 miles per gallon of gas. Switch toDodge and Save Money.LA SALLE V-8: Now only $995 and up — the lowestPficea, yet the finest La Salle of all time. CompletelyCadillac built. Smooth, powerful 125 horsepower performance. Hydraulic brakes. Unisteel "Turret Top" FisherBodies. Knee-Action Ride.OLDSMOBILE — Newest cars of them all — a distinctive Six and a distinguished Eight — each with a styledistinctly its own. Bigger and finer and safer than ever at prices that set the pace in value.PACKARD WITH FOUR GREAT CARS — the Six,120, Super-Eight and Twelve — now covers four pricefields with four complete lines, with each model in everyline a truly fine car of luxurious comfort, brilliant performance and smart appearance. Ask The Man Who OwnsOne.PONTIAC — For 1937 America's finest low-priced carhas five inches more wheelbase and is 10% more economical. 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WHEN FANG!...a mow-ourfREX BEACHwell-known authorRead REX BEACH'S thrillingTrue Story of the man who isliving on "Borrowed Time"HURRY! Your wife is ill!" ConstableStilling leaped into his car — '20—25 — 30—3 5 — 40'readthespeedometer.It was nine-thirty at night. There was notime to spare. 'Faster! Faster!' And then—without warning — BANG! A blow-out!The car leaped out of control like a wildcat—swerved to the left— just missedcrashing headlong into a telephone pole!Escaped By InchesYes, Constable Stilling, of Philadelphia,came within an inch of never reachinghis home. But Lady Luck smiled thatnight— and the extent of his injury wasa wrenched shoulder. Some miracle hadsaved him. As he, himself, says: "I feelnow that I am living on 'borrowed time.'Altogether too often, screaming headlines carry tales of disaster wrought byblow-outs. From reliable sources I havebeen told that thousands are killed orinjured when blow-outs throw cars outof control. And small wonder.Just stop to consider what happens toyour tires when you're skimming over thepavements at 50, 60 miles an hour.Naturally the heat generated is terrific,and you're totally unaware of it becausethe trouble begins inside the tire. A tinyinvisible blister may form between therubber and the fabric. Just a little thingto begin with, this blister keeps getting bigger and BIGGERand the worst partis that you don'tknow it's there untilBANG! And then itmay be too late.It's a fact that engineers are doing everything in their power to make drivingsafe. But it seems to me that as far as tiresare concerned, the greatest single contribution has been from Goodrich engineers. They have developed a real blowout protection called the Golden Ply,found only in Goodrich Silvertown Tires.It is a layer of special rubber and full-floating cords, scientifically treated toresist internal tire heat. You can easilysee what this means. Blisters don't get achance to form between the rubber andfabric inside your tires and that meansblow-outs due to this heat don't getstarted.That's certainly one protection everyone should invest in — especially whenSilvertowns, I am told, are priced lowerthan many other super-quality tires.Don't YOU Take ChancesYou can be sure that Constable Stillingdoesn't take any chances with his tiresthese days. He's ready for any emergencyand so are his Goodrich Silvertown Tires.Here is another enrollment in the ranks"The car leaped out of control like a wildcat — just missed a telephone pole.of safe drivers who feel that tires whichprotect people from the dangers of highspeed blow-outs are a vital form of lifeinsurance. Remember, you can buy theselife-saving Silvertowns at Goodrich Silvertown Stores and Goodrich dealerseverywhere. £A, e^C^fGoodrich SAFETY Silvertowng|a^ .^l^l^l^l^i^MJI^aHaMMI^HaaHMHaaiBHWith Life-Saver Golden Ply Blow-Out Protection(Please favor our advertisers when checking coupon facing Page VII. of Rear Advertising Section. Thank you — The Editor.)CORONATHE FIRST PORTABLE!Clear, concise Corona typing leadsyoungsters to clear, concise thinking.It creates habits of neat writing and neatthinking which carry through in afterlife. Helps in getting, holding and improving jobs.Think of a Corona as an investmentin a lifetime of good-habit building. Aneasy investment too —As low as $1.00 a weekNearly 2 million sold. And the newspeed" models are the best yet. Writefor free booklet or ask your dealer.THE ONLY PORTABLE WITH THE FLOATING SHIFTL C SMITH & CORONA TYPEWRITERS INCDesk 4, IBS Almond St., Syracuse, N. Y.I'd like the free folder about your different Coronamodels and their prices.Name . POST-GRADUATE QUIZScore one point for every correct answer.A graduate ten years out of college shouldget ten answers right. Answers appear onPage VII. of rear advertising section. Writein your score on coupon facing Page VII.QUESTIONS1. Where do immigrants first land on arrivingin New York Harbor?2. What governor of what state attainednational prominence as the result of apolice strike in the state capital?3. What style of writing did the earlyBabylonians use?4. What is coral?5. In America, what corresponds to the"hire-purchase" systejji of England?6. What is the name of the drops whichoculists use to enlarge the pupil of theeye?7. For what popular saying is Dr. Emil Coueresponsible?8. Who is referred to by the expression"Tommy Atkins"?9. In what state is each of the following:(a) Amherst College, (b) Dartmouth College, (c) Drake University, (d) LelandStanford, Jr. University, (e) CentreCollege?10. What is a paynim?11. Who is responsible for the phrase:"Open covenants openly arrived at"?12. What British essayist and novelist wasfamous for his many paradoxes?13. What is the purpose of a Binet-Simontest?14. A ride on what winged steed is reputedto give inspiration to poets?15. What product is advertised by the slogan:"Chases dirt"?16. What Chicago lawyer was counsel forJohn Thomas Scopes in the Tennesseeevolution case at Dayton?17. For what words do the initials "e.g."stand?18. What is the Latin derivation of the wordFascism?19. What is meant by [The Old Lady ofThreadneedle Street"?20. What is a bittern?21. From what is linen made?22. What slang name was given to cattlethieves in the early days of the Americanwest?23. What was Woodrow Wilson's vocationbefore he became Governor of NewJersey?24. What is a "common carrier"?25. What product is advertised by the slogan:"It floats"?Answers to this Quiz are onPage VII. of Rear AdvertisingSection. Please write yourscore on coupon facing PageVII. and mail today.National Advertising Headquartersfor this magazineTtlECRADUATECRQUP)130 ROCKEFELLER PLAZA- NEW YORK-CHICAGO-DiTRQlT- BOSTON- SAN FRANCISC0-10S ANGJLES \im>Y#y \Conditioning—250000 GRADUATES Of 55 LEADING COLLEGESREACHED WITH ONE ADVERTISING PLATE '1500 A RAGECity- The Modern Miracle that affectsthe health, the happiness, andthe pocketbooks of us allTHE orderly revolution which theworld knows as air conditioning isyour affair. It is destined to affect yourdaily life, your health and — whether youwill or not — your pocketbook.Air Conditioning, as General Motorssees it, is a year 'round matter. In thewinter it is founded on automatic heating... in the summer on automatic cooling.And throughout the year it includes thecontrol of moisture, freshness and cleanliness in every bit of air you breathe.Overnight it is changing buying habits— rental figures — property values.You owe it to yourself as a responsible business man to investigate theentire subject.See your local Delco-Frigidaire dealer orwrite to Delco-Frigidaire Conditioning Divi--sion, General Motors Sales Corp., Dayton, O.DELCO-FRIGIDAIREAutomatic Heating, Cooling and Conditioning Equipment for every purposeDELCO OIL BURNER. Equipped withThin-Mix Fuel Control.DELCO AUTOMATIC FURNACE (oil Otgas) . For water or vapor systems.DELCO CONDITIONAIR (oil or gas). Forforced warm air systems. It air conditionsas it heats.FRIGIDAIRE ELECTRIC ROOM COOLERS. Low in cost, high in efficiency.Can be used to cool a single room or agroup of rooms.FRIGIDAIRE CONTROLLED-COST AIRCONDITIONING. For businesses andhousehold installations.DELCO WATER HEATER (oil orgas)...practical, economic, automatic.IT PAYS TO TALK TODELCO-FRIGIDAIREThe Air Conditioning Division of General Motor*AUTOMATIC HEATING, COOLINGAND CONDITIONING OF AIR(Please favor our advertisers when checking coupon facing Page VII. of Rear Advertising Section. Thank you — The Editor.). .J„J...,.; ^aaaaw a— —M —Of course, I own a Cord, and naturally it's Super-Charged. As someone said, a man counts his years only whenhe has nothing else to count. I like to go places and do things. My daughter says she likes to dance with me atthe night clubs. There is a thrill to the feel of a good gun on a frosty morning, and I can still take a fence behindthe hounds. T like to navigate my own boat ! When traveling, give me the airlines every time. So you see it is notyears but viewpoint that's important. Since 1 dislike the commonplace, it is only natural that I want my motorcar to give me pleasure in addition to transportation. While I get a kick out of driving the Cord, it's gratifyingto know that its very power and efficiency make it the safest of cars to drive.AUBURN AUTOMOBII. K COMPANY, CONNERSVII. LK, INDIANA(Please favor our advertisers when checking coupon facing Page VII. of Rear Advertising Section. Thank you — The Editor.)CORDVI.NEW CHEVROLET 1937You want all good things in your new motor car. . . .And you may as well enjoy real savings in purchaseprice, in operating costs and in upkeep, while gettingall desirable motoring advantages. . . . Careful con'sideration will lead you straight to this one car —Chevrolet for 1937 — the only complete car — priced so lew!CHEVROLET MOTOR DIVISION, General Motors Sales Corporation, DETROIT, MICH.NEW HIGH-COMPRESSION VALVE-IN-HEAD ENGINE-NEW ALL-SILENT, ALL-STEEL BODIES-NEW DIAMOND CROWN SPEEDLINE STYLING-PERFECTED HYDRAULIC BRAKES-IMPROVED GLIDING KNEE-ACTION RIDE*-SAFETY PLATE GLASS ALL AROUND-GENUINE FISHERNO DRAFT VENTILATION-SUPER-SAFE SHOCKPROOF STEERING*. *Knee-Actlon and Shockproof Steering on Master De luxe models only.General Motors Installment Plan — monthly payments to suit your purse.(Please favor our advertisers when checking coupon facing Page.VII. of Rear Advertising Section. Thank you — The Editor.)THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEPUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI COUNCILCharlton T. Beck, '04 Howard W. MortEditor and Business Manager Associate EditorFred B. Millett, PhD '31; William V. Morgenstern, '20, JD '22Contributing EditorsMilton E. Robinson, Jr., 11, JD '13; Louise Norton Swain, '09, AM '16; John J. McDonough, '28Council Committee on PublicationsTHE COVER: Completed in1929, the Social Science Buildingis the home of one of the strongestsocial science departments in theUnited States. The building joinsHarper Library on the east and extends to within a few feet of FosterHall."Eight years is a long time to bea university president in the MiddleWest" said President Hutchins atthe annual Board of Trustees Dinner,and the faculty guests smiled. ButMr. Hutchins' eight years has notbeen too long for him to place manyof his educational ideas into practiceand then to have them fully understood. The Chicago Plan is a gradualprogram. Within the fortnight a newfour-year college program was approved, combining the last two yearsof the University High School andthe first two years of the University.In his address to the board andfaculty, the President explained, inwhat may be termed "two-syllablewords," the aim of the Chicago Plan :to make a bachelor of arts a bachelorof arts and a doctor of philosophya doctor of philosophy. The President admitted that it sounded verysimple but insisted that the idea isradical in the realm of American education. He then proceeded to explain why.•Last year's Alumni Reunion chairman, Milton E. Robinson, Jr., whoso successfully supervised the Reunion in addition to guiding thedestinies of, the new Alumni Schoolventure in 1936, has again been appointed dean of the Alumni School N THIS ISSUEfor 1937. There will be no questionin the minds of those who know Miltas to the success of this second annualschool. He is already insisting thatthe School this year must be "twiceas good as ever before", which is abig order considering the success ofthe 1936 edition.Realtor Benjamin F. Bills, chairman of the '37 Reunion, sounds "assembly" for you to meet with yourclass and renew old friendships on thequadrangles in June. He gives only ahint of the plans to make this year'sReunion really worth a visit: theAlumni School, the Alumni Conference and Forum, the Assembly, quadrangle tours, luncheons, and theUniversity Sing. Mr. Bills will welcome you in person during ReunionWeek on the quadrangles. £* Tracy W. Simpson, West CoastThe Spring Convocation address business man, expresses a business-was delivered by John A. Wilson, man>s viewpoint of the Robinson-Pat-successor to the late James H. man Act, which seeks to eliminate — commercial discrimination. "It's notTABLE OF CONTENTS practical," says Mr. Simpson. Pro-APRIL, 1937 fessor Malcolm Sharp (Law) thinksPage otherwise and tells why in a briefQuad Rambles 3 statement prepared, at our request,Reintegration of the University, , . , . *• , i <• n -mt cvRobert M. Hutchins 5 which immediately follows Mr. bimp-This Year's Alumni School, Milton son's discussion.E. Robinson 7June First to Fifth, Benjamin F. Bills 8 *ELTRm^c.moz™ 9 The Rush Medical Scho°l Class of"One Foot in the Aisle/' Sam Hair. 12 '80 and its well-remembered teacher,College Nominations 13 Dr Jonathan Adams Allen (UncleThe Robinson-Patman Act, Tracy A „ Jl . ,, N t1 ,W. Simpson 14 Allen to the old group), are recalledOur Class— The Class of 1880, Dr. in reminiscences by John Ritter ofJohn Ritter 19 Miamj Florida. This is another in aIn My Opinion 21 . >.News of the Quadrangles 23 series of articles on Rush in prepara-Athletics 26 tion for its centenarv celebration nextEight O'Clock Mail 27 . ..News of the Classes , . . 29 tall.Breasted as director of the OrientalInstitute. Taking his bachelor's degree at Princeton and his doctorate atChicago, he has been a Midway affiliate for eight years. In his talk, hereviewed the work of the Institute,not only in its archaeological exploitations but in its significance to thestory of civilization — as its founderwould best have wanted that workdescribed.®Sam Hair, who is an influentialmember of the 1937 Blackfriars producing stafT- — better known to ourreaders as the Campus Dissenter —speaks for them concerning this year's"One Foot in the Aisle." Incidentally,the box oftice opens April 26 withtickets ranging from thirty cents totwo-twentv.1 bV^LeflHr ^5* ^^AbIII ^Hl Jk^ bHbI ^^B^^^r ^T ^^HbI^bWoS bT ¦^&»bW ' i^fl //I^ <L tf £ .t %E->*ii¦a ^^^^%HbI £^^V1'7 LSswIt:Ht- *-| ¦ ir^ ^ ^Jp\fif*J/i|i >*' / ?s'k*r&&^^ w^^*^^^] W 1K^- -^fe- ^L Ik- *<.- ^S4^%. CO00>n7*>toOj00enZ>>Sec Page 12(Photos by De Haven)VOLUME XXIX THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINE NUMBER 6APRIL, 1937QUAD RAMBLESThe Daily Maroon for April first startled the quadrangleswith an edition which carried the screaming headlines". . . Hutchins accepts . . . Seat in . . . Newly PackedSupreme Court !" At the bottom of the column of details was the bold face cap line "April Fool." In thesame spirit of the day another column was headed"Seniors Propose Skyscraper Tower for Circle." Thetower, according to the article, is to be constructed withbricks paid for by the individuals of the senior classon the theory that "every student owes at least one brickto his Alma Mater." The tower is to be "topped by theHutchins beacon, the light of which will guide bewildered souls in their search for truth." The beacon willbe shaped like a "Swift Premium ham," mounted on"an oil derrick," and operated "by silver dimes, thesupply of which is limitless." This column also carriesthe post-line "April Fool." Ever conscious of the 76endless steps to our office on the fourth floor of Cobb Hall,the headline which encouraged us to spend a hopefulthree coppers read "Cobb Hall to Get Escalator."We are not in a position to know the amount ofpermanent goodwill for the Maroon resulting from itsApril frolic but we understand that Tom, the campusMaroon salesman, sold some four hundred extra copieson the strength of his cry "Hutchins appointed to theSupreme Court" followed by a whispered "April Fool."If you file your back copies of the Magazine, this articlewill be more interesting if you turn to the center spreadof pictures in the December issue (The KincaidMounds). We found ourselves wondering what therecent rampaging Ohio did to the Anthropology Department's headquarters in southern Illinois. We have justreturned from an interview with Fay-Cooper Cole who,in turn, had just returned from the "front."The old corn crib (picture 11) was washed of! itscement stilts and is literally bowing homage to the riverit defied for more than thirty years. The largest of thefour major mounds (pictures 1 and 3) was never completely covered with water. It provided a refuge forfour families during the high water. Governmentplanes flew over at frequent intervals to be sure ourvisitors were in no need of help. The other three moundskept their noses above the water, providing temporary landing points on which perched cattle, sheep, hogs anda conglomerate of other domestic animals.The uncompleted digs had been covered with waterproof paper and a layer of dirt so the work will not beretarded when the University expedition returns to thesite late in May. The corn crib's career is ended. Itwill be replaced by a new headquarters to be built abovethe flood line on an approach to one of the mounds.While we are on the subject you may be interested toknow that the new book, written by Fay-Cooper Coleand Thorne Deuel entitled Rediscovering Illinois, hasjust come off the University presses. It tells the storyof the discoveries made to date in these ancient moundsalong the Ohio lowlands of southern Illinois.Herbert E. Fleming '02, PhD '05 has dedicated his life towiring the kitchen for everything but sound to the gloryof the industrious housewife. In general the plan revertsback to the much-pictured eternal triangle, according toMr. Fleming's article in the March issue of the Electrical Dealer: "(1) food storage, with an electric refrigerator near the outside door; (2) clean-up, with theelectric dishwasher and sink combination, and (3) cooking and serving with a range near the dining room door."Husbands who are interested in avoiding sit-downstrikes in the kitchen can get details by writing PresidentFleming at the Conover Company's offices ir. Chicago.Climaxing its series of articles on what faculty men dowhen no one is looking, and which has inadvertentlymade the quadrangles hobby-conscious, Tower Topics(sl weekly quadrangle feature-news sheet) staged ahobby show in the north lounge of the Reynolds Clubrecently. Included in the exhibits which made newsand pictures in the metropolitan papers was MyronWebb's (sophomore) Napoleonic miniature coach withwhich he won a $5,000 scholarship prize in a FisherBody contest. After spending nine months and sixtydollars to build this less-than-foot-high carriage, Myronwill be entitled to claim that he worked his way throughcollege even though the $5,000 is actually paying the"freight." 'Dr. C. J. Chamberlain's famous Springfield rifle34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE(March Magazine) was on exhibition at the show aswere some fifty Dime Novels from the collection (4,500)belonging to Albert Johannsen (News of the Quadrangles, March Magazine). Miss Gladys Finn's (Deanof Students' Office) collection of Mexican articles attracted a great deal of attention due to the interestingvariety of articles she acquired on her recent trip toMexico and also to the epidemic of interest being takenin that country by American vacationists.The varied collection of articles from the den of HaroldA. Swenson PhD '31 (Psychology) caused frequent congestions in the exhibit lounge. Mr. Swenson has beenin every European country, has spent vacation periodsin such out-of-the-way places as Bali, toured the westcoast in his undergraduate days via the Pantages theatrecircuit with his cigar box violin, and has collected everything from woodcarvings to magic tricks.Edward S. Robinson PhD '20, who resigned his positionas Assistant Professor of Psychology at Chicago in 1927to accept a professorship at Yale, died in New Haven onFebruary 27, 1937. This was less than three monthsafter the death of his wife, Florence Richardson Robinson PhD '08, also a former member of Chicago's psychology faculty. President James Rowland Angell (Yale),under whom Professor and Mrs. Robinson studied whenDr. Angell was head of the Department of Psychologyat Chicago, said: "It brings an irreparable loss to Yale,for he was a central figure in some of the most important educational developments now in progress here."A Costume-Carnival Ball has been announced by the SeniorClass which is to serve the double purpose of the famousFandango of 1935 and the Military Ball, which wasmustered out with the R.O.T.C. unit. The plan includesdancing in Hutchinson Commons (first time since 1911,according to the Maroon), concessions in Mandel Corridor and other activities — to be announced — in the Reynolds Club. The date is set for Saturday night, April 24,and the profits will form the nucleus for this year'sSenior Class gift.Three University of Chicagoans were among the sixty-threewho received fellowships from the Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to continue their work for "the advancement and diffusion of knowledge and understanding andappreciation of beauty" in their chosen fields. MissLucy Driscoll '08, AM '09, Assistant Professor of Art,will receive financial aid for continuing her collecting ofmaterials in China for the completion of her book onChinese theory of art as applied to painting and calligraphy. Robert Ardrey '30, who recently wrote "StarsSpangled," a play produced at the Golden Theatre inNew York, \yas granted a fellowship for "creative writing in the field of drama." And Samuel NoahKramer, Assistant on the Assyrian Dictionary Staff,Oriental Institute, was selected for his studies in the fieldof the history of Sumerian culture. Mr. Kramer willleave this summer for Istambul where he plans to continue his work in this field. The John Simon Guggenheim Foundation ($7,000,000) was established in 1925 by former United States Senator and Mrs. GuggenheimTo date 761 fellowships have been granted.NONE OF OUR BUSINESSChicago Faculty Can't Take It ! After paralyzinggenerations of students with fifty-minute lectures thesemany years they unanimously requested that there be nolecture at the Quadrangle Club annual dinner. Whichexplains the appearance on the program of a cartoonistand a magician on the evening of April 2. The formermade minute sketches of such noted learned men as CarlGrabo (with pipe), Fay-Cooper Cole ( Anthropology )tSamuel Harper (Russian Language), Adolf Noe (Paleobotany), Nels Norgren (Athletics), and others. Themagician left the sawing of people in two to the department of anatomy but discovered Club silverware in thepockets of some of our most esteemed and trusted facultymembers. Garfield Cox, in accepting the presidency ofthe Club for the ensuing year, wondered if the threat offinancial complications on the American horizon influenced the members in selecting a chairman of a boardof directors of a south side bank as their Club head !James G. Stahlman '16, publisher of the NashvilleBanner, was among those present on the first ChinaClipper passenger hop to the Orient. For us the mostvivid part of his account in the February Magazine ofSigma Chi was his Hong Kong experience in givinga beggar a Hong Kong dollar and almost getting himselfmobbed by the beggar multitude who thought the NewDeal had arrived in China with the Clipper.Miss Jessie Watson (Alumni Office) had to returna set of black rubber boots (which she purchased forher dog, "Spot," in an attempt to keep the rugs cleanfollowing his outdoor frolics) because Spot vociferouslythreatened to leave the family homestead. Spot claimedthat although he agreed to a green transparent slickerfor rainy days he thought the boots made a sissy of him.The current issue of the Illinois Alumni Newscarries this subtitle on its orange cover : "Chief Sourceof Vitamin I." Now why didn't we think of that,because there really is a vitamin C. We hesitate to admitwe don't know whether or not there is a vitamin Ibecause last month we said "Gaudeamus (whatever thatmeans)" and were immediately smothered with fan mail,some enlightening us and some casting aspersions on oureducation !As we tuck the corners in and prepare for ourmonthly trek through the presses, word comes thatMiss Charlotte E. Rexstrew may possibly terminate herfreshman activities at the University in favor of aTwentieth Century-Fox contract and a rumored $100per week. Her Hollywood fate rests with a screentest to be made in Chicago next month which, ifsuccessful, will start her on a film career via theStudio's dramatic training school.REINTEGRATIONOf the UniversityBy Robert Maynard Hutchins(The following is the address delivered by PresidentHutchins at the annual Trustees' Dinner for the FacultyFriday evening, April pth, at the South Shore CountryClub, Chicago.)THE distinction of this University rests on thequality of its research and its ventures in theorganization and subject-matter of education. Inorder to maintain the distinction of the University wemust in the first place have men. This year seven departments were materially strengthened. Next year twelvemore will be. All the fifteen men who have been appointed for next year were selected primarily for theireminence or promise in research and we have reasonto believe that they are good teachers too. Only oneof them is of professorial rank. Only two of them areover thirty. Of the fifteen, twelve are in the naturalsciences.We see therefore that the University is being reinforced, that it is being reinforced with young men, andthat it is being reinforced on the side of research andparticularly of research in the natural sciences. Theemphasis the University has placed on science andresearch will continue and may even increase.In a university research is sometimes employed as aveil or a cloud into which the individual may disappearwhen interrogated about his work. To the question,"What are you doing?" the single answer "research" isused with devastating effect. No further questions canbe put without invading the professor's constitutionalrights. If we are to maintain the distinction of theUniversity, we must be sure that all our investigationsare relevant to something and that that something isimportant. I need not add that I do not propose tosettle myself the question of the relevance and importance of a professor's work. It is the responsibility ofhis dean, his chairman, of his academic peers, and hisown conscience.Science, I venture to think, should not be a veil ora cloud either. Many people, even scientists, have amisconception of what science is. And many peopleare doing sloppy work in its name. Nor should sciencebe used as an excuse for ignorance of everything else.It is not an excuse for denying the existence of othertypes of knowledge or for dogmatic expressions onsubjects not susceptible of scientific investigation.As I said on this occasion three years ago in a speechwhich some of you could not have heard, all knowledgecomes from experience. It develops from experienceby reflection. The scientific effort is to gtt knowledgefrom experience through special processes of research,by directed observations in planned investigations underspecial controls and conditions. The philosophical effortextends the boundaries not of ordinary experience but of reflections about ordinary experience. Philosophyis therefore knowledge, though it is not achieved in thesame manner as scientific knowledge. We need not bedisturbed because philosophers have disagreed. Scientists can disagree without throwing science in disreputebecause they all agree on the object and the methodof science. Disagreements among philosophers do notdestroy the value of philosophy as long as philosophersagree on the object and method of philosophy.The problem of the relation of scientific knowledgeto philosophical knowledge is a philosophical problem.So is the problem of ordering and differentiating thevarious sciences. The divisional structure of this University, and the association of departments within divisions, are the embodiment of a philosophical conclusionabout the distinctions and subject-matters of knowledge.In fact there are few if any questions about educationalpolicy, about the contents of the curriculum or thesequence of studies, that can be answered withoutrecourse to philosophy. What I am asking you to agreeto is limited to three points: first, that all knowledgecomes from experience; second, that philosophy isknowledge, knowledge different from science, and havingan independent validity; and third, that philosophy isrelated to science in terms of a generality which enablesit to provide the principles underlying the special sciencesand to establish the order of the facts and principles ofall knowledge. As Huxley put it, "Philosophy inquiresinto the foundation of the first principles which ourmental operations assume or imply."We all have a philosophy or metaphysics, whetherwe know it or not, and we all act upon it. The philosophy or metaphysics of the faculty determines theresearch program of the faculty. The philosophy ormetaphysics of the faculty determines the curriculum.Even statements that seem to deny metaphysics, likethe statements there is no god, or everything is a matterof opinion, are metaphysical statements. I profess simplythat we recognize these facts and try to make our philosophy or metaphysics as rational as possible. In thisconnection we must remember that the methods developed by philosophy are, in their way, as rigorous as themethods of science. We ought to feel the same hesitation about sweeping philosophical statements made without philosophical training that we have learned to feelabout sweeping scientific statements made without scientific training.I am not suggesting that we should all have the sameviews on basic questions. I am not even suggestingthat we should agree on what questions are basic. I dosuggest that if a university is to be anything more thana random collection of specialists and education is tobe much more than the communication of miscellaneousinformation, we must have a common acquaintance with56 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEthe ideas that can seriously pretend to be basic and acommensurate ability derived from a common trainingto appraise and understand those ideas. We may thenhope to have a unified university, not because an officialdogma has been imposed upon it, but because teachersand students can know what they are talking about andcan have some hope of understanding one another. AsI have said before, the ideal of a university is an understood diversity. Under present conditions we do notneed to worry very much about getting enough diversity. We can afford to concentrate for a while on gettingsome understanding.The labors of those great and good men, Charles W.Eliot and John Dewey, who did so much for all of us,have led to consequences they could not have anticipatedand for which they could not have wished. Those consequences are nothing less than the disintegration of theuniversities and indeed of the whole educational system.If we are to perform in our day the function which thecommunity is entitled to expect the universities and theeducational system to fulfil, we must achieve their reintegration. To put it on the lowest level, if the universities are to continue to receive the kind of support Mr.Russell hopes to get for us, they must present to thepublic a more intelligible picture" than they can showtoday.Because the educational system has disintegrated, ourpopulation, in spite of the most elaborate educationalfacilities in the world, is getting more ignorant everyday. I sometimes think that it is only their ignorancethat saves us from their wrath. They don't know enoughto know how ignorant we have made them. But theyare not yet so ignorant as not to guess that something-is wrong somewhere. Nobody can go through the educational system without feeling sharply or vaguely thatit is defective in some way. Public efforts at criticismhave so far taken the farcical form of senatorial investigations and teachers' oath laws. But we cannot relyindefinitely on the stupidity of our people. It might bebetter to get ourselves squared around to meet anyattack with a clear conscience.At Chicago the divisional organization and the College curriculum and the general examinations are stepstoward integration. What more is required? Eightyears is a long time to be a university president in theMiddle West, and I suppose that you understand bynow that when I discuss such issues I am merely exercising that academic freedom that I insist on for you. Ihope to use it to keep your attention focused on thefundamental questions affecting our existence as a university. From my point of view the answers to thesequestions are not so important as asking them.v To the question how can we achieve the reintegrationof the university and the educational system, for example,I shall give you my own answer. I have no doubt thatthere are other and better ones. My object is to provokeyou to find and state them. Nobody has yet questionedthe validity of my criticisms of American education. Ifthe criticisms are valid, some way of meeting them mustbe found. You are not relieved of the responsibility offinding it by saying that you don't like mine.My way of achieving the integration we are seeking can be stated in terms that are so simple as to be almostlaughable. I propose that all our bachelors of arts bebachelors of arts and all our doctors of philosophy doC-tors of philosophy. But perhaps the suggestion is notso simple as it looks. What should a bachelor of artsbe? First he should have mastered the arts of readingand writing and should have employed them in understanding the intellectual tradition in which he lives andwhich he must understand in order to understand hisenvironment. Second he should have cultivated criticaltastes in literature, music, and the plastic arts. Mypreference is for having him show these accomplishmentsby s-peaking or writing well about individual worksrather than about their history, the domestic relationsof their authors, or the economic conditions under whichtheir authors lived. Third, the bachelor of arts must bea bachelor of science as well, in the sense that he mustknow the principles and basic facts of natural scienceof social science, and of history.This proposal may sound to you as though there werenothing new in it at all. If it does, I am afraid that Ihave not made myself clear. It seems to me so radicalthat the college which adopted it would be immediatelydistinguished from all the other colleges in the UnitedStates. How radical it is I can perhaps indicate by saying that in my opinion bachelors of arts are in no sensecompetent in the arts of reading and writing; they arelacking in aesthetic cultivations ; and they are chaoticallyeducated in the sciences and in history.The relation of this proposal about general educationto research and specialized study is clear. Our advancedwork is now hampered at every point by the illiteracyof our students. The first requirement for advancedwork should be a general education; for I doubt if theworld needs chemists ; it needs educated chemists. Iftherefore we develop a genuine general education weshall not only meet the greatest need of the educationalsystem; we shall not only graduate intelligent citizens;but we shall also improve our chances of getting soundresearch done and mitigate the menace of the uneducatedspecialist.The chances of getting sound research done wouldbe still further improved and the menace of the uneducated specialist still further mitigated if every doctor ofphilosophy were a doctor of philosophy. The commoncompetence of doctors of philosophy is now limited towhat is euphemistically called a reading knowledge ofone or more foreign languages. This is hardly enough.We can see that philosophy is somehow common to allthe special sciences as they are not common to oneanother. It is involved in all the fields of learning, historical, humanistic, and scientific. It consists of principles and generalizations conversant with all experience.It raises the questions that can seriously pretend to bebasic. It might help us reunite the specialists, and giveus an integrated educational scheme.After what I have said I suppose it is unnecessaryI for me to add that I am not advocating the study of any' particular brand of philosophy as against any other. I"should no more speak of philosophy in these terms thanI should speak of Newton's physics or Lyell's geology.(Continued on Page 25)THIS YEAR'S ALUMNI SCHOOLMilton E. Robinson, Jr., 'Il, JD '13IT was a foregone conclusion at the close of the 1936-Alumni School that this new feature of AlumniWeek would be repeated in 1937. The enthusiasmof those who attended certainly justified this conclusion.All that remained to make it official was the action ofthe Alumni Council and the consent of the University.With both these hurdles crossed during the early winter, preliminary plans could be made early in the calendar year. These plans were set forth in some detailin the February Alumni Bulletin which was mailed toall degree-holders and to such former students as are onthe mailing list of the Alumni Council — including allsubscribers to the Magazine — some 44,000 in all.Our major regret in connection with this year'sSchool is that the dates are necessarily somewhat earlierthan we should have liked, to be most convenient forthose anxious to attend. The Alumni Reunion is alwaysheld during the week previous to the June Convocation.Convocation occurs on June 8 this year, automaticallysetting Alumni festivities back to the week of May 31.Memorial Day, falling on Sunday this year, will be observed on Monday, the 31st, which shortens the AlumniSchool sessions to only four days — not because five dayswould be too many but because four days are all that areavailable.With 303 coupons, from those planning to attend theSchool this year, already received (104 had been received at this time last year), the School has apparentlyoutgrown the Judson Court lounges and dining halls —the location of last year's sessions. Arrangements are,therefore, being made to center the School around theMitchell Tower group, with the smaller sessions in oneof the lounges of Reynolds Club, the larger ones inMandel Hall, and the dinner sessions in HutchinsonCommons.Last year, because the University administration requested us not to ask faculty members to reserve evening hours for a project which was in an experimentalstage, all sessions were held in the mornings and afternoons. With the success of last year (711 registrants)and the estimate of more than a thousand this year (ifwe are to judge proportionately by the difference in thenumber of coupons returned) there has been no objection on the part of the administration to holding theSchool at the more convenient hours in the afternoonsand evenings. Guided by the suggested topics andspeakers listed on the coupons, an attempt will be madeto utilize the evening sessions for subjects which are ingreatest demand by the local folks, whose daytime hoursare limited — particularly the teachers and Chicago business men.The faculty response to the invitation to preside atsessions of the School is another phase of the planswhich is most encouraging. We are moved to let youread two of the typical acceptance letters : Thank you' for your letter of April 1st invitingme to speak at the Alumni School. I am delighted to do this. I think it is one of the bestthings which the Alumni have ever done and Ienjoyed my contact with the group last year verymuch indeed. I will be glad to hold myself atyour disposal for those days and to cooperate tothe fullest extent possible.Paul H. Douglas.I shall be very glad to take part in the AlumniSchool early in June if the dates can be arranged.Charles H. Judd.Other members of the faculty who have already accepted invitations to speak are: Fay-Cooper Cole; Arthur H. Compton; Waldo LL Dubberstein; Harold D.Lasswell; M. M. Mathews; Richard P. McKeon; FredB. Millett; Melchior Palyi ; Pitman B. Potter; W. C.Reavis; G. A. Borgese; James Weber Linn; and W. PLSpencer.For those who have the mornings free, we are arranging a series of behind-the-scenes tours around thequadrangles. There are so many things to see and soshort a time in which to see them that we are askingyou to review the following list and be prepared to selectthree which you would most enjoy. In the May B idle tinwe will give you an opportunity to express your preferences.1. Chapel TourChapel of the Holy GrailHilton Memorial ChapelUniversity Chapel (under personal direction of DeanCharles W. Gilkey. Also a Carillon tour)Joseph Bond Chapel2. Mitchell Tower TourUniversity Broadcasting Studios (home of the famousRound Table)Mitchell Tower Chimes (played by Chimer Olson)Dramatic Association Suite and Reynolds Club RemodeledTheater (with a brief talk by Director Frank HurburtO'Hara)Hutchinson Commons (its history, the portraits, and backthrough the kitchens)3. Science TourUniversity Physics Museum (including- demonstrations —determining the speed of light, etc.)Museum of Science and Industry in Jackson Park (conducted by a director of this institution)4. Oriental Institute Tour (under supervision of a member ofthe Department)5. Library Tour (The Rosenwald Hall map exhibit — one of thefinest in the country ; the U. S. Weather Bureau station ;the Lincoln Room' — one of five of the best such exhibits ;behind the stacks in Harper — among more than 1,175,000books; the microphotographic laboratory)6 Hospital Tour (including the work room in Orthopedics andthe play room of Bobs Roberts)7. General Quadrangle TourJust jot down June 1 to 5 in your date book for theUniversity of Chicago this year — June 1 to 4 for theAlumni School and Tours and June 5 for the AlumniConference, Assembly, and University Sing. For theReunion itself see Chairman Benjamin F. Bills' messageon page eight.7JUNE FIRST TO FIFTH•By Benjamin Franklin Bills, '12, JD'14, Reunion Chairman, 1 937THE Reunion from June 1st to June 5th — shallwe go back this year? Why not?Not a few of us have forgotten how to play, andhave lost much of the art of fraternizing. The Varsity — Alumni ball game will take some of the kinksout of our arms and lungs. The University Sing,even if a few of us are off key, ending in the AlmaMater consecration of "loving truth and honormore," is a spiritual re-dedication which we sadlyneed. And will not every one of us get a tingle outof old friends at the dinners — the "C" Dinner, theWomen's Athletic Dinner, the Aides' Dinner, thePhi Beta Kappa Dinner? If these are not sufficient,we may be invited to breakfast with the Alumnaeand a few of our more learned classmates can crashtheir way in to the Doctors of Philosophy Dinner.Then, too, are not many of us more nearly stalethan we imagine? And have not a considerable number of us grown stiff and rigid in our thinking, andtoo often emotionally resentful of those who differwith us? Despite clear evidences of social and economic revolution by violence elsewhere, and by veryrapid evolution here, are we really keeping the openmind, and making the adjustments for which ouruniversity training was presumed to equip us?Yes, and let us put the obverse point of viewequally candidly? Has not the University, or someof its faculty and student body, in seeking earnestlythe better in a new order, forsaken too much of thegood achieved at high cost in the old order? And dosome of them not need the contact with payroll andprofit and loss realities which we can supply?To this end, the Alumni School, inaugurated soauspiciously last year, has become an educationalforum of tremendous importance personally, institutionally, and nationally. Now we can talk back to the faculty as we like. And they will like it. Doubt.less some of them need it — and will be the first toadmit it. Competent Milton Robinson '11, JD'13who did such spendid pioneering work last year forthe Alumni School, has consented again to administer it this year. Be assured it will be exceedinglywell done.You must not miss the Saturday afternoon Assembly, June 5th. It will be one of the high pointsof the Reunion. We have tentative acceptances fromtwo of our most distinguished alumni, one, the headof one of America's outstanding economic researchinstitutions; the other, one of the most colorful andinteresting Cabinet members of the United States.We all need the change, the let-down, and thebuild-up that accrues from our coming together eachyear at the Reunion. The University is not so muchthe faculty, or the trustees, or the students, as it isthe alumni. The University may not be exactly aseach of us would wish. But few of us know accurately what it now is. We ought to find out. Perhaps we can be instrumental in remolding and in reshaping its design and its objectives. However, weneed to sense its tempo first-hand. We probablyshall find that we can get in step with much of it.On the whole we doubtless shall discover that it isin step, or can be brought in step — as can we — withthe inevitabilities of social and economic progress.Each year we plan a play-time together and a renewal of fine friendships and delightful contacts.We will enjoy being awakened mentally through ourown Alumni School survey courses, and at the sametime we can aid in keeping the faculty practicallyin touch with the world as it is, or is trying to be.Let us rededicate ourselves spiritually to the traditions of one of America's great universities.Headquarters for the 193 7 Alumni School June 1-4EXPLORING CIVILIZATIONBy JOHN A. WILSON, PhD'26, Director, Oriental InstituteTHIS convocation address will celebrate two centennials. One hundred years ago a young Englishman clung precariously to a lonely rock cliffhigh up in the Iranian mountains. Henry Rawlinsonwas copying and deciphering the cuneiform inscriptionson the rock of Behistun. Between Baghdad and Teheran, the pass through the mountains crosses beneatha precipitous rock cliff. On the face of this cliff, morethan three hundred sheer feet above the pass, "Dariusthe Great King, the King of Kings, the King of Persia,the King of the Lands," had caused a great inscriptionto be carved in three languages, Old Persian, Elamite,and Babylonian. Egypt had had her Rosetta stone toprovide a key to the ancient writings ; now Mesopotamiahad her rock of Behistun.Rawlinson's task was no arm-chair accomplishment.It involved much of the technique of mountain climbing.In order to reach the inscriptions he had to work hisway up perpendicularly using irregularities of stoneand tufts of grass. Writing years later, he minimizedthe difficulties, saying: "When I . . . was somewhatmore active than I am at present,I used frequently to scale the rockthree or four times a day withoutthe aid of a rope or ladder : without any assistance, in fact, whatever. During my late visits Ihave found it more convenient... to throw a plank over thosechasms where a false step in leaping across would probably befatal." Remember that he wasthree hundred feet above the rockyfloor of the plain, laboriously copying one intricate and unknownsign after another. Then hearthis revealing statement: "The interest of the occupation entirelydid away with any sense ofdanger."The intellectual achievement ofthe decipherment was no less brilliant than the physical. This wasa real feat of detective work. Hewas trying to read a languagewhich was little known in a writing which was completely unknown. The skill with which hepicked up one bit of evidence hereand another there and wove theminto an unchallengeable unity wasa brilliant piece of closely applied reasoning. Wesalute a romantic chapter in the story of scholarship.Rawlinson completed his daring feat of copying andannounced his decipherment of cuneiform in 1837, justLooking up from the mountain pass at the inscription of Darius on the Rock of Behistun. Scalingthis rock, Rawlinson succeeded in decipheringcuneiform writing in 1837one hundred years ago. It happened that a few yearsearlier a young Frenchman had announced the successful decipherment of the Egyptian hieroglyphs. Butthe scholarly world, as so often, had been slow to accepthis findings, had sought something more difficult andesoteric in the picture writing. It was also in 1837 thata German scholar published a defense of this decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphic, permitting a solid basisfor the study of original documents. We are thus celebrating two centennials of decipherment which pushedback the horizons of history two thousand years andenabled us to look into the minds of ancient Egyptiansand ancient Babylonians.Such accomplishments have revolutionized our viewpoint in the past one hundred years. Once we lookedto the Old Testament for the story of the origins ; webegan ancient history with the Greeks. Now we canread the more ancient languages, while field archeologyhas come in to give us the doorstep and hearthstoneof early man. Our horizon has been pushed back andwe can see with clearness five thousand years of recorded history.Let me give you a few specificexamples of the extension of ourperspective through the decipherment of ancient languages. Allthese examples lie to the credit ofyour LTniversity.A few years ago His ImperialMajesty, the Shah of Iran, celebrated his annual coronation festival with a dinner to the ministers of his cabinet and the generals of his army. He commandedthat there be brought to him fourshining plaques, two of gold andtwo of silver. Twenty-four hundred and fifty years earlier thesetablets had been engraved withthe following cuneiform inscriptions :"Darius the Great King, the Kingof Kings, the King of the Lands,Vistaspa's son, the Achaemenid —thus speaks Darius the King : 'Thisis the empire which I possess,from the Sacae who are beyondSogdia as far as Ethiopia, fromIndia as far as Sardis, whichAhuramazda, who is the greatestof gods, has granted to me ; mayAhuramazda protect me and my house !' "These gold and silver plaques thus gave the limitsof the Persian empire about 515 B. C, from Afghanistanto Ethiopia, and from India to the Aegean Sea. It is10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAbove: The palaceterrace at Persepolisfrom a cave. The tallcolumns mark theaudience palace ofDarius, where theOriental Institutefound gold and silver tablets.Right: First view ofthe foundation deposit of Darius at acorner of his audience palace. Underthe rough stone inthe foreground liesthe limestone boxcontaining the records of the Persianemperor.said that His Imperial Majesty, theShah, read a translation of the ancientinscription to his dinner guests and.reminded them of the inherited re-s]x>nsibility which those tablets laidupon modern Iran : so great an empirewas ancient Persia; it is the duty ofmodern Iran to carry on some of thatglory.These four tablets were found by theOriental Institute during an off-season. With the Persepolis excavationpractically closed down, the expedition's architect was pursuing a notionof his own, that the Palace of Dariusshould have corner-stone deposits. With a few workmen, he dug down three feet at a corner of the buildingand came, to his excited delight, directly upon thesemagnificent tablets. Untouched since they were laidaway in the presence of the Persian emperor twenty-fourand a half centuries ago, they went straightway to themodern ruler of the country, the Shah. Bridging theyears, these ancient cuneiform inscriptions provided himan eloquent text for his ambitions to make Iran amodern, progressive nation.A few years ago Professor Breasted published thetranslation of an Egyptian medical papyrus, which indicated that surgeons of five thousand years ago mightbe interested in something more than mere carpenter ing, that they might be interested in building up a bodyof observations purely in the interests of science. Wesee these old surgeons leaning anxiously over theirpatients, sometimes noting regretfully that they can donothing further to save life, and yet going on to a dispassionate record of the progressive symptoms of theailment. "In the long course of human developmentthey are the first men whom we can see confronting agreat body of observable phenomena, which they collected and stated, sometimes out of interest in the rescueof the patient, sometimes out of pure interest in scientific truth, as inductive conclusions which they drewfrom observed fact." What an exploration of thehuman mind this opens up!The next example of translated material is in a different field. Theruined cities of Babylonia have givenus hundreds of thousands of clay tablets, inscribed with cuneiform writing.It was a land where paper or papyruswas out of the question and other writ-*ing materials were not at hand. But;mud or clay was always at hand, and"happily clay documents survive thevicissitudes of time. The majority ofthese texts seem dull enough in themselves. From lumps of inscribed clayscholars patiently work out thousandsof legal and business documents likethis :Left: A further stagein the excavation ofDarius' cornerstonedeposits. This limestone box, crackedby the weight of2450 years, preservedthe records of Darius until discoveredby the Chicago expeditionBelow: The excavatorsupports a silver tablet, while a gold tablet still rests in thelimestone box. The inscriptions give theboundaries of Darius'empire about 5ISB. C.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 11"Iddina, son of Eribshu, of his own free will, has soldat full price, his slave Habasitum, for one mina of silver, toSilini-Bel, the son of Marduk, the descendant of Damqa.Iddina bears responsibility in case of litigation, courtprocedure, service due the king, or freedom claims whichmay arise in regard to Habasitum. . . . The city ofShahrinu ; the sixth day of the month Shabatu ; the sixthyear of Nabonidus, the king of Babylon."Four witnesses and a scribe authenticate the document.Filed away on the third floor of the Oriental Institutebuilding there are thousands of cards carrying inscriptions of that nature, translated by the patient labor ofyears. To what end? Well, a young man on our staffis assembling those translations into an intelligible story.History has never lost sight of the fact that Cyrus thePersian conquered Babylon toward the end of the sixthcentury before Christ. But this Oriental Institutescholar has just rediscovered what that conquest meantto the common man in Babylonia. Rising curves onprice charts and interest charts show the rate of interestshooting up from 20% a year to 40% a year, the priceof a donkey going up 50%, the price of a slave up200%, and city rents up no less than 300% ! Verily,the Babylonians paid for their defeat by Cyrus!Through such assembling of materials by manyscholars over several years, it is possible for this youngman to begin his major project: three thousand yearsof price levels, three thousand years of documented economic history. In no other region and at no other timeis such a tremendous sweep of social-economic historypossible. As material on the everyday life of the average man its value is beyond gold or silver.A dozen years ago a scholar of the Oriental Institute began the copying of the largest body of unpublishedEgyptian texts — those inscriptions which the Egyptiansof 2000 B. C. wrote on their wooden coffins. The copying was a slow and tedious task. The texts were wornby time, full of mistakes, full of obscure references, andtiresomely repetitious. Carefully copying and checkingfor several years, this scholar filled thirty- seven volumeswith manuscript.Certainly this was a task of drudgery, far removedfrom any search for ancient treasure. And yet imbeddedin the tough matrix of this material there were nuggetsof pure gold. We think of democracy as a modernconcept, or at the earliest a concept of the Greeks. Thenlisten to this passage which the copyist found in Egyptiantexts centuries before the Greeks. With these wordsthe Supreme God speaks and reveals the purposes ofcreation :"I have made the four winds that every man mightbreathe thereof like his brother during his time. I havernade the great waters that the pauper like the lordmight have use of them. I have made every man likehis brother, and I have forbidden that they do evil."What are we to make of that? This was a comparatively short time after the construction of the GreatPyramid, that symbol of an autocratic state. Not onlyare the winds and waters free on equal terms to the nobleand the pauper, but the creator god made every manlike his brother. Four thousand years before our Ameri can Declaration of Independence, the religious texts ofEgypt stated that all men are created equal. That isa choice bit to fit into our ideas of progress.I have been laying before you a few brightly coloredstones from the knapsack of the translator, stones laidbare by those decipherments which were effected justone hundred years ago. Please believe that these stonesfit into a pattern, that they form part of a brilliantmosaic of the past. The main features of the picturein that mosaic stand out clearly, but we are continuallyfinding important new bits to add. Thus gradually thestory of man through thousands of years will be revealed with sharpness of detail, so that he who runsmay read.In celebrating the centennials of decipherment, I havementioned only gifts granted by translation. You willrealize that these are only parts of the story, that writtenrecords are the structural framework of history but arenot the whole. The excavator, the prehistorian, and theexplorer have also made their important contributions.Through these combined efforts we are able to see thelong sweep of man's course ; we are able to see the beginnings of civilization.What about these beginnings of civilization? Whenwe look at the origins of any phenomenon, we may gainsome information on the nature of that phenomenon.Does a study of the beginnings of civilization throwany light on the essential nature of civilization?This is a matter with which the Oriental Instituteis vitally concerned. We have already seen examplesof the beginnings of the scientific spirit, of early economic life, and an early statement of the democraticideal. These are but parts of the new life which cameinto the world a few thousand years ago. If we contrast the long millennia of slow development during thestone ages with the few centuries of the civilized period,out of that contrast in high relief we may see some characteristic which sets off civilization from the precedingbarbarism.Through the stone ages there moved cautiously andsuspiciously a lonely, unkempt creature, brother to thebeasts. He was a hunter, ranging about in search ofhis food. The social unit was only the immediate family, such as could gather around the camp fire. Againstall others his hand was raised in hostility. Progressthere was, to be sure, but it was painfully slow.With relative suddenness, there came a change. Progress accelerated greatly, with such inventions as metalimplements, the plow, the sail, writing. Men livedtogether in communities, bound by common interestsrather than ties of blood.. This was the essential ofcivilization: the recognition of common interests. Therewas a new ability to live in harmony with neighborsand to deal peacefully with strangers. It was this effortto reach an understanding with others that set freean interchange of ideas and caused the acceleration ofmechanical, intellectual, and moral progress. But theessence of the new spirit of civilization was an adventure in understanding.If earliest civilization was a cutting away from suspicious isolation and an attempt to reach increasing(Continued on Page 28)ONE FOOT IN THE AISLE"• By Sam Hair '35Editorial Note — When Edwin Sibley, Abbot ofBlackfriars, first asked us to consider an article onthe forthcoming men's musical show next month, thename of James Rowland Angell, erstwhile professorand dean of the University in the uway back when"days and now retiring president of Yale University,was suggested as a possible author of an article onearly Blackfriars productions. Dr. Angell's reaction,although in the negative and fairly brief, carries, inour opinion, enough sentiment and color of the olddays to make it of interest to both past and presentassociates of the undergraduate group. The letterfollows:Yale UniversityNew Haven, ConnecticutOffice of the President March 30, 1937Dear Mr. Editor:Your note of the eleventh of Mar„ch amuses me somewhat, for my chief contact with the Blackfriars, otherthan that of being an interested member of their firstaudiences, was largely directed to keeping the exuberance of the brethren within reasonable bounds. Firstas a teacher and then as a dean, it was not infrequentlynecessary to frown violently on their early efforts, whichsupplied in enthusiasm what they lacked in taste. Idoubt whether the early members would regard myappearance in your advance notices as anything but anill-timed piece of irony.Sincerely yours,James R. Angell.* * *THE "Blackfriars," say those who are informed,once used to be the name applied to the localityat the southwestern corner of the old city of London, on the Fleet. The mendicant monks, the so-calledBlack Friars of the Dominican order, appeared in London more than seven centuries ago, collectively eked outa precarious existence for the members of their obscurecult, then gained the patronage of Hubert de Burgh,and located in Holborn. By the end of the thirteenthcentury the begging Black Friars had begged the oldMontfichett Tower from those who owned it, razed itcarefully to the ground, then re-used the stones to buildthemselves a church. Later yet, this now flourishingmonastery was endowed with the privilege of asylum —criminals, debtors, and indigents could find refuge fromthe law within its walls. To this privilege may beattributed the existence of the famous old BlackfriarsTheatre, for players had been outlawed by the sherifffrom the city of London, but within the Blackfriars' wallsthey could play unmolested. In 1596 to Richard Bur-bage's father was willed part of a large house in Blackfriars, which he converted into a theatre. Actors thereattracted included such contemporary celebrities asBurbage, Lowin, Condell, and a man named Shakespeare.These men gained fame for their talent and sobriety, and the theatre was celebrated for its music. The stage wascovered by a silk curtain; each performance was openedby a triple flourish of trumpets, at which the curtainrose to disclose the stage strewn with rushes, and, if atragedy was to be shown, hung with black. There werethree tiers of galleries, with boxes beneath. When WillShakespeare took to play writing, he turned his piecesover exclusively to Globe and Blackfriars. In 1655 thetheatre was pulled down.Where or how the thread of Blackfriars tradition runsfrom that day to this is not as certain. Certain it isthat during the first week in May at the University ofChicago will recur the annual Blackfriars men's musicalcomedy production, this year to be called "One Footin the Aisle." As may any other, this year's show mayeither be a cannonball and a distinct wow, or it maybe relegated to that category which includes the showsdismissed as failures or medium-average successes.At the outset, circumstances bade fair to cause thisyear's production to be included in the latter group conditions seemed to lend themselves to the productionof an average show. For the books turned in to judgesBoynton, Collins, and Coleman were all average. Somehad excellent dialogue and little plot, others had excellent plot and atrocious dialogue, others had excellentmusic and nothing else, still others possessed none ofthe aforementioned virtues.The one which seemed most to hang together, andwhich to the judges seemed to possess the greatestintrinsic possibilities for exploitation was one writtenby Paul Wagner, which dealt with the antics and love-life of a smart lad who graduated from college in threemonths. This book the judges selected from among adozen, and this is this year's show. "One Foot in theAisle" now promises to be a hale and hearty production.When turned over to Abbott Ed Sibley of Blackfriars,he turned it immediately over to the appointed producerof this year's show, Bob Storer.Rehearsals for the newest and greatest Blackfriarsshow were to have started March 29th, but dramaticallyenough, the book was unavoidably lost, stolen, or strayed,delaying rehearsals four days, but now all goes swimmingly. Masterly finishing touches were given the scriptby several experienced writers. Now, named "One Footin the Aisle" by Producer Storer, preparations go on.The biggest reason why "One Foot in the Aisle" bidsfair to be a veritable "humdinger" is because it is beingproduced by Bob Storer. It has been two years sinceMandel rocked with unaffected and undeterred glee ata hit show called "In Brains We Trust" — a productionparticularly timely and particularly well-directed by thesame Storer. This show was hailed as the best one sinceNels Fuqua returned from a Continental junket withhis book "Plastered in Paris" under his arm, which wasput on and which set a standard. Storer's approach12THE UNIVERSITY OE CIIICAGO MAGAZINE 13j conceptions fitted in ideally with the "In Brains\ve Trust," written by Kalven and Oshins. This year,mving his own title to the story he had to work with,Storer will do it again — he is capable of making thehero-genius Homer Hercules Potts, III, a characterlike unto none, unless it be the personified combinationof Thomas Aquinas, Hairbreadth Harry, and RagtimeCowboy Joe. While in school, Bob Storer hopped atrain for southern Illinois every Friday night for a year,so that he could arrive on Saturday morning and takecharge of his own Unitarian Church down there. Astudent of divinity, he has also trod the boards onBroadway, and has had considerable experience in anyand all drama, from "Richard the Third" to "Nellie, theBeautiful Cloak Model." He has also produced collegeand other group productions, before the magnum opusof "In Brains We Trust." Storer enrolled at the University to see what he could see, and then eventuallyenter the ministry. That he will do both, few doubt andall hope. Among his parishioners in Shelbyville, he hasshown a verve and vigor which have won for him theiradmiration and respect. Seeing in church work anopportunity for the development of a communal esprit decorps, he has instituted changes and reforms whichmake the congregation aware of responsibilities of asocial nature, and aware of the fact that reverence andinformality may be combined. But when the curtaingoes up on "One Foot in the Aisle," the assembled andgasping thousands will see not what Storer, the manof God, has done, but what Storer, the producer anddirector has done. It will be a-plenty.Hardly had he been approached and had accepted thejob of producing this year's show, than ideas for costumes and settings seemed fairly to ooze from hisnervous consciousness. For Storer seems to toss himselfand his soul into what occupies him. And he knowswhat he wants, for he is apparently unconcerned withthe various and multitudinous suggestions thrown athim by undergraduates and other advisers and amateurs.Backed by an able Blackfriars Board of Superiors,headed by Ed Sibley, there now remain no considerableobstacles in the path to glory, success, and a hit show. "One Foot in the Aisle" is not localized — it is not alimited travesty nor a direct satire, but a general shambles which might involve any college in any city. President Hutchins is not in it, but Mrs. Simpson is. Don'tyou care whatanybody says —it's a bingo.Even those whoare out of schooland sweat ingtheir respectiveways throughthe grim realitiesof the world outside will derivekeen joy fromthe exaggerationabout to be perpetrated in Man-d e 1 in May.Even alumniwho are givenbut vicarious information as tothe workings ofthe ChicagoPlan, may, byseeing "O n eFoot in theAisle," be enlightened as well as entertained. For, notonly will they see Mrs. Simpson, but they will learnof the very latest developments on the outcome of whichthe fate of Europe, as usual, hangs in the balance. Andthey will see Homer Potts (who was born studying)advancing through his college career by leaps andbounds, then tempted by two separate Satans, one inthe form of Hollywood, the other, spinach. But we findthat love, right, and equity are still alive and emergetriumphant, as usual. There are also kidnappings,infernal machines, fights, courtroom scenes, a beef-trustchorus, the Fountain of Time, and thousands of othersuper-adjectival spectacles. It's the biggest thing sincethe Grand Canyon. Bring the kiddies.Storer, producer-director, and Jose Castro,dance director, consider cloth samples forcostumes in the '37 Friar productionCOLLEGE ASSOCIATION NOMINATIONSElections for offices in the College Alumni Association will be held in May, by a Magazine ballot. Results will be announcedin the June Magazine. Additional nominations may be made by petition, signed by twenty-five members of the College Association, in good standing; such petition must be sent to the Alumni Council Office by May 5. Following are the nominationsmade by the Nominating Committee of the College Association.For Ist Vice PresidentRalph W. Davis, '16 For Secretary-TreasurerCharlton T. Beck, '04For Executive CommitteeElwood Ratcliffe, '22Ruth Allen Dickinson, '15Ruth Manierre Freeman, '16Raymond J. Daly, '12, JD '14Delegates to the Alumni CouncilHelen Norris, '07William Gemmill, Jr., '21Marion Mortimer Blend, '16O. Paul Decker, '24Charles Greene, '19, JD '21Miriam L. Evans, '17 Elizabeth Sayler, '35Clifton Utley, '26Richard Kuh, '17Olive Greensfelder,Helen Wells, '24Errett Van Nice, '31 16THE ROBINSON-PATMAN ACTFrom a Businessman s Viewpoint• By Tracy W. Simpson, '09INITIATED by the plight of small dealers who claimtheir chain store competitor sometimes undersellsthem woefully — even offering some goods to thepublic at certain times at less than the dealer can purchase them from his jobber — the Robinson-Patman Actis the latest and most far7reaching of the many recentexcursions of government into the control of business.That delicate system of checks and balances developedover generations of practice which constitutes the structure of modern business has received such a jolt thatthe prisons are not large enough to contain those whoknow in their hearts that they violate at least some ofthe provisions of the Act and are thus criminally liableunder its Section 3. Pending adjudication from testcases now before the courts business men are studyingto determine how it will be possible for them to conformyet avoid wrecking their enterprises which as now operated may stand up under critical examination as fairand equitable in their dealings if judged by reason andprecedent, yet which in the light of the new standardsof the Robinson-Patman Act appear unconscionably criminal. And as so often has happened when attempts aremade to remedy so-called economic wrongs by legislation the most careful inquiry seems to disclose that theevils that are supposed to be cured; namely, the pricediscrimination of manufacturer to retailer as betweenvarious types of customers will be accentuated ratherthan eliminated provided the long range effects of thebill are considered, and those who believe the remedyfor any. so-called economic ill is "that there ought tobe a law" once more may be hoist by their own petard.Appears Reasonable at First GlanceOn its face the bill appears reasonable and in accordwith public policy. It appears to offer a remedy forwhat Congressman Patman refers to in his recent talksbefore business groups as the condition according towhich the large mass buyer so hammers down the priceat which he purchases goods from a manufacturer thatthe latter is forced to increase his selling price for identical goods when they are sold to smaller buyers if heis- to remain solvent. To the extent that the bill is acorrective of such a condition all business men are insympathy with its objectives. It is not the first timethat they have expressed the thought that differences ofprice quotations made to various types of buyers,whether based upon quantity purchased or upon servicesrendered, should more nearly equal the actual costs ofsupplying the goods to the respective classifications ofpurchasers. They recognize that it is to their self-interest to see that this is done, because it widens the marketfor a product and places them less in the control of asmall number of mass buyers who might drop them overnight. Principal ObjectionsThe principal objections to the bill lie in the mannerset forth to accomplish its objectives and the terrificstrain that will be placed upon business to conform toits provisions, the final sufferer as usual being the public.The structure of the bill proves once again that oftentimes professional economists, teachers, and makers oflaws neglect to consider that business is a dynamic ever-changing thing. It is this that gives rise to the term, the"art of business" because anybody who has been throughthe rough and tumble of an active business life knowsthat it is an art and that it will be stifled if housed inby a mass of rules, especially if those rules appear toassume the existence of a static or fixed set of conditionsin the business world, as does the Robinson-Patman Act.One of the things that appears to have been forgottenby the framers of the bill .is that every business is endeavoring to expand its market into fields presumablypre-empted by other types of goods and services andthat much of the competition of today is not betweencommodities of identical or even similar form but liesbetween wholly different commodities each of whichmay render a similar service.Promotional PricesIf for example electrical energy is a commodity, andit has been adjudicated as such, the whole structure ofincremental or promotional electricity rates, establishedto enable a producer of electricity to expand his outputinto fields now largely being served by other means mustfall if the logic and language of the Robinson-PatmanAct is to prevail as a guide to regulatory rate makingbodies. The basis of all such block or incremental ratesis that the producer is supplying certain classes of usage— in this instance, lighting. This part supports theskeleton expenses of the business. To expand into thefield of electricity supply for cooking and water-heating the prices are determined by studying the extra costsof supplying the new load over and above the existingcosts of operating the business on the basis of its supplying electricity for lighting. The result is that electricityfor the cooking load is sold at a rate of the order ofhalf as much per unit as that sold for lighting.In some classes of electricity service such as for example, off-peak water-heating service, there is a truedifference of condition that could account for a greatlyreduced price; viz., that the transmission and distribution lines are utilized during the supply of such loadat a time when they are not loaded with electricity forsupplying the lighting load and thus the investmentcharge of such lines should not be assessed against themanufacturing cost of electricity for off-peak water-heat-mg to the degree that it should be assessed against that14THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 15for lighting. But nothing of this sort can be said for theelectric cooking output, because the electric range is usedfor the evening meal substantially coincident with thepeak condition of the lighting load. From this it wouldappear that incremental rates must largely disappearfrom the utility industry if the thought and logic of theRobinson-Patman bill are correct, for did not Congressman Utterback state in his speech explaining the Conference Report — Congressional Record — June 15, 1936,pages 9559-60:A customer granted the benefit of a discrimination may receive it only on the basis of thedifference between his methods or quantities ofpurchase and delivery and those of other customers not receiving the differential. Such a difference cannot be claimed on the basis of differencein cost of the seller's entire business with andzvithout the purchases of the customer in question.If his purchases so increase the seller's volume asto make possible a reduction in unit cost uponhis entire business, other customers are entitledto share also in the benefit of that reduction.[Italics are the authors.]The urge to expand a business would appear to bea normal right of its owners and it would appear thatit should engage in reasonable variations from an existing plan of conducting its business in order that it maysuccessfully enter a new field without immediately applying backwards to its existing trade all of the modifications found advisable to meet the new conditions.For example, the manufacture of flour is largely inthe hands of local milling companies who have established the merits of particular brands in a definite areaby long advertising and promotional activity. Increasesof wheat production in some manufacturer's area orother factors may render it advisable for some millerto break into a new territory where his brand may beunknown. He concludes that the most satisfactory planof doing so is to place lady demonstrators at strategicstores in the new territory who will expound the meritsof the new flour. There is no attempt to break the priceat which flour is sold in the new territory as againstother flours also being sold in that territory or as compared with the price prevailing in his home territory.The sole object is to establish the merits of his brandin the new district in a prompt and practicable manner.Yet in doing so he will run smash against the Robinson-Patman act in two ways. As to dealers in his hometerritory he discriminates because he does not place ladydemonstrators with them, and as to dealers in the newterritory who are not in a strategic location he similarlydiscriminates under the stipulations of the act. Nowthe miller may be able to establish in court that thecumulative advertising ploughed into his home territoryby various means over many years is a substantialequivalent in its being of help to dealers in the hometerritory as is his offering the use of lady demonstratorsto strategically placed dealers in the new territory, butit is left to the imagination as to how such a defensewill be received by the bright young man of the government who is sent to check into the miller's trade practice (in respect to the Robinson-Patman act), especially if some group of dealers who are not in receipt of thelady demonstrator service have filed a complaint.Discriminatory "Distress Sales"The provisions of the act that prices shall at all timesbear substantially the same relation to manufacturingcost as otherwise they are discriminatory as againstthose who bought when profits were being figured ona different basis, subject to certain exceptions relatedto obsolescence, perishable goods, closing of business,and the like, also introduce problems that are liable tocause added burdens on the public. Take the instanceof a stove manufacturer operating in a small city of theEast, his payroll being practically the sole support ofthe city. He may have miscalculated in his productdesigning for a given season and is faced with financialburdens such that closing his plant appears to be hisonly alternative. Along comes a loyal distributor sensing his plight who says to him, "Carl, if }'ou close downthis winter it will hurt me as I depend on your lineso here is what I will do. I will buy $30,000 worthof goods which you can make up in between times. Iwill not need them until Spring, but I will pay you forthem now. This will enable you to keep going and yourpeople will not be out of work all winter. The priceI will pay will let you out on direct costs but it willnot pay all fixed charges on investment."Now, if this be regarded as a "distress sale" withinthe meaning of the act, and it is doubtful if it couldbe so regarded, it would appear that the seller wouldstill be obligated to extend the same offer to all of histrade but he fears that admitting his condition by doingso would be so damaging that he might never recoverfrom it, and also it is probable the offer would be withdrawn, if he were to announce publicly a reductionin price to meet it, and even if not withdrawn, andoffered to the entire trade, it would appear to be so discriminatory as against purchasers who bought just previously thereto that he would still run afoul of the Robinson Patman act. Yet who will say that a transactionof the nature described is not customary and reasonableunder the circumstances and that to deprive him of thatprivilege resulting in the possible liquidation of his business is not depriving him of rights in his property without clue process?"Zone Prices" OutJust as the country's transportation is priced according to a system that embodies many checks and balances,so does the world of commerce abound in practices thatare reasonable and accepted yet which cannot be sustained under the Robinson Patman act. The wholetheory of zone prices, according to which a manufacturer absorbs variations of or "equalizes" freights touser through certain "jobbing points" so that dealersmay make the same percentage of profits in any onezone, and thus utilize standardized retail price catalogsprepared for that zone, must fall because transportationdifferences exist with respect to different purchasers, notdue to a desire to discriminate, but because the slightdiscrimination is far offset by other advantages. Anyplan that "prepays the freight" similarly falls.16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe Auction Plan IllegalWhat is to be said for the auction plan of distribution? For many years, up until recently, the largestfactor in the carpet and rug manufacturing trade wouldestablish prices, yet from time to time would hold auctions and every important buyer in the country wouldattend. Each buyer tried to see to it that his immediatecompetitors were not allowed to buy bales of rugs of agiven quality at much lower than the inventory valueof such rugs that might then exist in his own stock asotherwise his competitor would give him a drubbing insubsequent retail sales. Such a plan of distributionwas not always liked but it had many practical advantages in the particular field in which it was used, yethow do such sales qualify according to the Robinson-Patman act? Can it be said that the acceptance by themanufacturer of some low bid on a bale of rugs is a discriminatory sale as against any purchaser in due coursewho bought from the price list that was current justprior to the auction?Cost Variations NeglectedIt is also conceivable that many reasonable sales mightbe made under conditions in whfch the high quoted pricewas related to the lowest manufacturing cost, and thelowest quoted price was made at atime of highest manufacturing cost.In the writer's experience he wasemployed by a large metal workingfirm the bulk of whose businesswas of a jobbing nature ; that is tosay, taking care of the demand forrepair parts and replacements in alarge manufacturing city as a supplement to the mill-wrightingstaffs of other large factories. Thisplant also manufactured freight elevator mechanisms and veneer dryers as a fill-in operation to equalizethe spotty nature of the regularbusiness of the firm. If the plantwas very busy and a buyer wouldwant a freight elevator it was soldat the regular price if it happenedto be in stock, but if it was not instock and had to be made to ordera good stiff price was put on it inthe hope it would not be accepted.In the event it was accepted, however, the manufacturing cost on itwas at about the lowest possibleamount because during the periodof its manufacture the shop was so busy that theover head charges applicable to the manufacture of themechanism was very low. Per contra when businesswas slack great effort was made to move some veneerdryers or elevators and low prices were quoted eventhough the overhead expense per unit output was at thehighest thus resulting in the peak of manufacturing coston the items sold. Here is a typical case of expediencybeing the actuating force to keep a business on an evenBusinessman Simpson and his dogkeel, yet it is grossly discriminatory with respect mpurchasers who, however, bought with their eyes opes?How will this and similar practices stand up in the ligkpof the interpretation of the Robinson-Patman act asoutlined in Congressman Utterback's explanatory speech— vide p. (4) thus:As to price differentials "there must be a difference in cost shown as between customers involved in the discrimination, and that differencemust be one 'resulting from the differing methods or quantities in which such commodities are tosuch purchasers sold or delivered' "— the quota-- tion in the extract being from the act itself.Territorial Adjustments HinderedPerhaps the greatest hardship of the bill will be upon*those manufacturers who are attempting to do a nationwide business in competition with local industries oflimited territorial field when a product is involved thaiis not of a semi-monopolistic nature such as one reasonably covered by patents or that requires large invest*ment to manufacture so that a round table luncheon ofleaders may set the policies of the industry. The onlyway such manufacturers having a wide distribution cansurvive when competing with the local makers is tomeet them on the same groundwith substantially equivalentprices, terms and business practices, which may vary considerablyfrom those prevailing in other districts.Every large city has its localmanufacturers of store fronts,counters, and similar equipment.:There are several national factory'in this field who conduct theirbusiness in any locality largely.upon a "cost estimate basis" inwhich each job is separately figured. The exact price quoted isbased upon similar considerationsthat attend issuing quotations onthe part of the local competitors.Is it conceivable that the large national manufacturer will now beobliged to issue a uniform set ofestimating instructions which mustapply blanket-wise to the entireUnited States? There is provisionin the act that deviations can beexplained as being necessary tomeet competitive conditions but itappears they must be clearly and unmistakably established in each instance and then only as evidence andnot as an absolute bar to a claim of discrimination. Itlooks as if the local manufacturer will be able to runhis national competitor out of business with the greatestof ease under such conditions when the giant is hamstrung with crystallization of his pricing and trade policies so they may be uniform throughout the entireUnited States.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 17The act also provides enormous advantages to themanufacturer who distributes through independentlyowned distributors in each jobbing center as comparedwith the manufacturer operating direct factory branchesat such points because each distributor has freedom ofaction with respect to his selling prices and trade cooperative practices in any one district, whereas the factory branch of the manufacturer is limited to a set ofrules and prices that represent the average requirementsof the entire United States.Freight Absorption StoppedTake also the plight of a manufacturer at Los Angeleswho desires to expand his business in competition witha manufacturer at Chicago. The latter finds equalfreight rates from Chicago to Los Angeles, San Francisco, Portland, Seattle, Spokane, and Phoenix. It isillogical for the Los Angeles manufacturer to expandEastward as the freight trends are decidedly against him,yet similarity of conditions and trade harmony wouldindicate that he has every reason to expand Northwardalong the Pacific Coast. To do this he may have beenin the habit of absorbing the freight against him say,of 5% to San Francisco, 10% to Seattle and Portland,and 15% to Spokane or Boise, thus equalizing his delivered prices with those of his competitor who shipsfrom Chicago with equal freights to all points. To dothis his Los Angeles prices must be somewhat higherthan they would be if he were not absorbing this extracost. Yet conditions being as they are he has no otheralternative than to absorb the freight differentials thatdo not exist with his Chicago competitor supplying thesame market. Unless such an equalization may be stipulated by the Federal Trade Commission as fairly meeting competition within the meaning of the bill, he wouldbe open to a charge of discrimination in favor of outletsfarther away from his factory and his only alternativeif he wishes to remain in those markets would be tomove his factory to Chicago — Los Angeles Chamberof Commerce take notice.As to the probability of manufacturers being able toobtain stipulations from governmental bodies that willenable them to proceed safely with investments in afield dominated by government control past experienceis not encouraging and the present act is particularlyvicious in that respect as it appears a man may no longerbe presumed as innocent until proved guilty as underthe Robinson-Patman act any differential of price thatmay exist is regarded as prima facie discriminatory withthe burden of proof on the seller to prove otherwise.Present Legislation SufficientWith those provisions of the act that make it unlawful for a broker to appear to act as an intermediary, yetin truth be acting for one of the parties to the exclusionof others situated similarly, every business man will bein. hearty accord as it will void one of the most viciousfeatures of marketing, particularly in selling to municipal or county bodies. But as to those parts of thebill that attempt to regulate the price at which a manufacturer may sell his product from time to time on theplea that variations of price are discriminatory, business men will be out of sympathy for the reasons touchedupon herein. It is believed that such attempts to control the free flow of merchandise for value will not succeed any better in this case than in similar trials inpast history. There is already legislation, with whichthe business world is in entire accord, that preventsvariations of price made for the purpose of ruining acompetitor, or that are made due to combinations inrestraint of trade.Act Defeats Its PurposeAs has so often been the case when the law attemptsto interfere with prices the remedy proposed often defeats itself and leads to an aggravation of the conditionit is supposed to remedy. The best thinkers believe thelong range adjustments due to this act, if sustained, willbring about that very thing. The large buyers of themail order and chain store firms, against whom the actwas apparently directed, may buy factories and offer acomplete integration of industry clear through fromfactory to user. Manufacturers who enjoy the patronage of many large buyers will probably find it to theiradvantage to drop all selling to small dealers as thereis too much risk involved in establishing the justice ofthe prices that must be charged to supply such trade.A new group of manufacturers may spring up to caterto the small outlets and their manufacturing costs arebound to be higher than those supplying mass buyersand small dealers may find it impossible to procure itemsof well known trade brands. When this higher manufacturing cost is added to the higher distributing cost,it is quite probable that the small dealer will pay largeraverage differentials than exists at present. The fram-ers of the act being cognizant of these things are statedto be devoting consideration to still more legislationwhich is presumed to prevent any firm engaging in bothretailing and manufacturing simultaneously, yet it is difficult to believe their legal advisers would give themmuch encouragement in attempting to control such afundamental right of man as that which permits himto make willow whistles and stand by the roadside andsell them — and also to sell some at any price he pleasesto a peddler a mile down the road.The probable changes under which a manufacturerdealing via direct factory branches becomes forced bythe exigencies to the act to operate through independently owned distributors similarly does not appear tobe in the public's interest. There is a certain lack ofresponsibility and continuity that exists when a distributor represents a manufacturer in a given district, as hemay drop that manufacturer over night if he pleases,thus damaging the ultimate purchaser of that manufacturer's product, and the uncertainty of such relationshipson the part of the manufacturer tends to create highermanufacturing costs at least with respect to those products that may be marketed economically by factorybranches.It is believed that many of the things that the actwas framed to correct would have ironed themselvesout if left a prey to the forces set up by the conditionsthe act is assumed to correct. More and more the small18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEdealer was presenting a united buying front to the manufacturers by means of his trade associations under whichhis cumulative purchasing power was substantially aslarge as that of the mass buyers. The detail of distribution was being absorbed by his organization, theextra costs of which were assessed back onto himselfthus providing a true differential in cost based uponactual differences in cost of service rendered.And not the least of the manufacturer's worries is thathe will be saddled with the necessity of supporting anentire new tribe of Robinson-Patman consultants whowill study the legislation and its adjudication in the courtsand advise the manufacturer how he can best modifyhis practices to conform. Already the National RetailDry Goods Association have presented their interpretation of the act for the benefit of those who supply thedepartment store buying groups. If they are to" be believed, nearly everything that is now being done canstill be done, and their members may secure exactlythe same favors as before, but the observing manufacturer is not so sanguine that it is as simple as this — somuch so that if "Robinson-Patman" is mentioned in agroup of business men one can almost see the jitters.Editorial Note: Professor Malcolm Sharp of theLaw School, who has made a study of The Robinson-DINNER AT SIX, OR SIX THIRTYWhen President Arthur Copeland '24, JD '25 of thePeoria Alumni Club excused himself from the receptionbefore the Club dinner at the University Club (Peoria)on March 30 saying he had to attend a brief rehearsalbefore the dinner, Secretary Beck wondered what sortof a surprise the Peoria Club was planning for theevening program. It proved to be a double male quartet, of course. Art, you should remember, sang hisway through the University in the glee club, choir anda male quartet. (The latter actually got paid for itsservices ! )The quartet, at the Peoria dinner, sang Chicago songsamong which were "1893" — which few members hadever heard — and the Cornell Alma Mater — honoringCornell alumnus Frederic Woodward, who was presentand addressed the Club later in the evening. Dr. William E. Shallenberger, MD '95, of Canton, Illinois, wasalso a speaker on the program.The committee, to whom credit should be given forone of the best meetings in the history of the Club,was: Arthur Copeland, President; Charles C. Dickman,T9, member of the Illinois Parole Board; Harry DaleMorgan, '06, prominent lawyer, whose two sons, Robertand Donald, are following their father's example at theUniversity; Probate Judge Charles Guy Cisna, '14, JD'16; William L. Eagleton, JD '26, formerly of the University Law School faculty; Miss Helen Nixon, '13;and Miss Mary Knapp, '18, AM '19, Secretary of theClub.The Springfield (Illinois) Alumni Club shatteredattendance records at a dinner given in the St. NicholasHotel on April 1 "(and we're not foolin'). Vice-president Frederic Woodward was present with Secretary Patman act and to whom this article was shown, macjethe following comment :The article indicates the difficulties which would beencountered in any effort to eliminate all commercialdiscrimination. It is, perhaps, conceivable that theRobinson-Patman act will be construed to condemneverything which might be called discrimination. Itseems more likely, however, that the Act will be construed merely to supplement existing anti-trust legislation; and to condemn discrimination only when it reflects or threatens to create "monopoly." The act mayfor example, prove useful in helping to eliminate themost extreme forms of basing point practice in such industries as steel. It seems possible, on the other handthat it will disappoint even the legitimate expectationsof its sponsors as a device to eliminate concessions tolarge distributing organizations.While there has been a sharp difference of opinionabout the true construction of the Act, the advisors oflarge enterprises have come more and more to theopinion that the Act is likely to be administered in aconservative manner. This opinion seems to be confirmed by what few indications have been given of thepolicy of the Federal Trade Commission.Beck and was the guest speaker of the evening. Thecommittee largely responsible for the success of themeeting was: Dr. Harry Otten TO, MD '12, President,whose son, Kenneth, entered the University last fall;Miss Lucy C. Williams, '17, Secretary (and a veryefficient one!); Miss Gladys Johnson, '24; Mrs. CharlesH. Spaulding, '16; Floyd E. Harper, '03, JD '06, whoseson, Floyd, Jr. is doing graduate work at the University ;and George C. Hoffmann, '25, JD '28. During theevening a Club election was held. Floyd E. Harperwas made the new president and Miss Gladys Johnson,secretary.Members and friends of the Tri- City Alumni Club(Moline, Davenport, Rock Island) dined together in"The Barn" (eleventh floor of the Blackhawk Hotel,cleverly furnished like a barn with the exception of aload of hay) on Friday evening, April 2. The dinnerstarted promptly at six o'clock to enable guest speakerFrederic Woodward to keep an 8:30 ether appointmentwith local broadcasting station WHBF in accordancewith a previous arrangement made by the Club. DuringMr. Woodward's absence, Secretary Beck saved hotelelectricity by turning out the lights and showing tworeels of the latest University physical science soundpictures. An intelligent question and answer periodfollowed the pictures with Vice-president Woodwardpresiding.Credit should be given the committee in charge forone of the largest attendance records in the history ofthe Club: Dr. George Koivun '24, MD 28 (Moline),President; Miles Collins JD '09 (Davenport), Vice-president; Miss Ellen Thompson '20 (Rock Island),Secretary-treasurer; and Dr. Paul A. White '08 (Davenport), Chairman of the Committee on Arrangements.OUR CLASS— THE CLASS OF 1880• By JOHN RITTER, MD'80ON Tuesday (February 24, 1880) at 2:30 P. M.,at the Third Presbyterian Church (corner Ashland and Ogden Avenues) the degree of Doctor inMedicine was conferred upon one hundred forty-ninestudents who were notified that their examinationshad satisfied the school faculty, and consequently theywere entitled to receive the degree of Doctor in Medicine. In those early years of Rush Medical College,it not being co-educational, women were not admittedas medical students.The semester opened on September 30, 1879, andclosed February 24, 1880; the course lasting a littleover twenty-four weeks. The medical teachings thenconsisted chiefly in the giving of lectures and both seniorand junior students received the same instructions.Clinical Medicine then was very little in evidence, withthe exception of the Saturday afternoon surgical clinic.This was well attended, demonstrating definitely thegreat need for the teaching of clinical medicine to students.On entering and registering for the medical courseevery student was supposed to have had a little preliminary training in medicine; this should have been acquired by reading medicine with a physician in his office,to act as a clerk, as it were, when the doctor made hisdaily rounds. This physician was then known as the"student preceptor," and a statement from the "preceptor" as to the applicant's qualifications for a medicaldegree was to be presented to the college office at thetime of matriculation. This, in those early days, wasthe general rule at nearly every medical school throughout our country. As the course for graduation consisted of two years, with five months in each year atcollege training, it was essential that a prospective physician spend as much time as possible in the preceptor'soffice.It is hardly conceivable that with so little medicaltraining in those early days, when empiric and not scientific medicine was generally practiced, that good doctorscould have been developed. But let us look over thegalaxy of the early eighties, or over the list of practitioners a few years before, and after 1880, when most ofus received the same limited training in this medicalschool, and see what medical giants dear old Rush College has produced. Men, who by nature were well qualified to practice the art of medicine, came forth and developed both a national and an international reputationas medical practitioners; but Rush Medical College,then as now, produced men who were capable of meeting every and any emergency, equal to any and all occasions. Let us just mention a few of Rush's illustrioussons: Many others could be mentioned.Dr. W. T. Belfield Class 1877Dr. Norman Bridge " 1878Dr. A. C. Cotton " 1878 Dr. Antonio Lagorio " 1879Dr. John B. Murphy " 1879Dr. T. W. Brophy " 1880Dr. L. L. McArthur " 1880Dr. J. M. Dodson " 1882Dr. Arthur Dean Bevan " 1883From the time of the founding of our school in 1837and up to the year 1870, but seven chairs for medicalteaching were then extant throughout the MedicalSchools in the United States. By 1880 the number ofteachers at Rush had then already reached the pointof twelve professors and five assistant professors.One of the most beloved teachers of our school, whomwe affectionately referred to as Uncle Allen, was DoctorJonathan Adams Allen, professor of principles and practice of medicine.Professor Allen as a teacher in medicine in those earlydays had no equal. He was far ahead of his time. Hislecture on the laws of the capillary circulation, and capillary permeability, the first in the series of the '80 semester, stands out today as it did then — as a bright jewelin medical teaching. The lecture on the laws of thelimited growth of the body, the laws on the arrangementof the particles of matter are all gems of thought. Thesame can be said of his lectures on congestion; acute,passive and mechanical; the various phenomena of inflammation, the various exudates, serous, mucous, bronchial, etc., and his dissertation on the character of pain,the symptomatology and etiology of disease, etc. Inthose days special stress was placed on the temperament,the sanguine, the plegmatic, the bilious and the nervous,the habits of the individual, etc. In all of his assignedtopics he was full master ; possessing in the largest measure, the great teaching gift — that of imparting knowledge to others. He had certain stock therapeutic remedies which he regarded as most valuable, most dependable, and to his mind these remedies formed the wholeessence of a rational therapy. Morphine, quinine, andcalomel comprised his great triumvirate. "Give me thesethree for the treatment of any disorder to which humanflesh is heir and you may have the whole medical armamentarium extant." When referring to any of these threeremedies during the course of instructions he would notuse the known pharmaceutical names, as each one wasknown to him by one especially coined. These distinctive names were imparted to the class at the beginningof the course on the treatment of diseases and each student was to memorize the names, as no other nameswere ever after used. To quinine the name of "MajorBonum" was given; to morphine "Maximum Bonum,"and to calomel — "Magnum Bonum."This nomenclature at times became a little confusing,not so much to the students, for they well understood,1920 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEbut to the visiting physician, who was informed that incertain maladies special remedies were to be applied —which to him were foreign and with which names hewas not familiar; in fact, he never heard of such medicaments. Many such peculiarities could be mentioned.All were intended, however, to stimulate the student'smemory and to make him more resourceful in the use ofdrugs and medicines.Our dear old Uncle Allen was also a great, a goodstory teller. A story was usually told when he wantedto emphasize some intricate problem — one which hewished the student, in particular, to memorize. He wasnever so much affected as when, on a sham program ofthe 1880 class, he was specifically referred to as "Professor Jupiter Ammon Allen, Story Teller and FacultyGas Bag." He was visibly affected, his soul was deeplyhurt, as was apparent when his attention was called -tothis mock program. To think that his story tellingshould have been so misunderstood, so misconstrued, bya body of supposedly intelligent students, was beyondhis comprehension. He vowed he would never tell another story — but he did.In those early days, as I have stated, bacteriologybeing little known was usually scoffed at. Up in theclassroom we used to use a noisy Jingle:"Germs in the air, germs in the sea,German germs from Germanic"We asked our learned Uncle what his opinion wasas to germs. "Gentlemen, I've looked down that tube,I've seen those wigglers, they won't hurt you, they won'thurt you."You must also remember that this was the era whenwe spoke of laudable pus; the general belief then wasthat if pus came into a wound, that this was evidence ofa healing tendency — a most pernicious and most fallacious and dangerous doctrine, as we know it today.Our dear old Uncle was quick at repartee. A notew^s sent to him asking — "Dear Uncle, when I graduatefrom this school, will I be permitted to prescribe ApisMelifica?" (Apis Melifica is, as you know, the greathomopathic remedy, the sting of the honey bee). "Mydear Sir, when you graduate from Rush Medical College you will be permitted to prescribe anything from theAurora Borealis to Hell's Blazes."Here is another answer to a question sent to him."Dear Uncle, when I graduate from this school am Ithen a homopathic or an alopathic doctor?" "My dearSir, when you graduate from this school you are neithera homopathic nor an alopathic physician, but you aresimply a Curopath."O how our good teacher pitied the future class, theclass of fifty years from the time he spoke in 1880. Withso many new inventions, so many new instruments andbooks, so many new medicines, and all the necessaryparaphernalia that the doctor in the future will start outwith in the morning. He will begin his daily rounds atthe head of a procession like Barnum's Circus. Whenmaking his first call he will step out of the house without his hat, walk up to the curb, look up and down the Dr. John Ritterstreet, then call out in a loud voice, "Hey, Wagon 57drive up here with that hypodermic squirt."Everyone knows what Professor J. Adams Allentaught his boysin medicine, but,he taught themmany things besides, how tosucceed in theircalling — not theleast of whichwas self respect,love of one's fellows, especiallyone's medicalfellows, love ofour great country and a jealouscare and regardfor her interestsand traditions,both at homeand abroad. Inthe class room,if we told himthat the case inquestion wasone — s a y, ofmeasles, and thatsuch and such procedure were the proper thing — howhe pitied us. But, if we recognized the lack of work ofa vital organ that temporarily had gone wrong, and.suggested along those lines — our dear old Uncle lovedus. Yes, would vote for us at the faculty meeting that;decided our fate at the annual, would be brother Aescula^pius, the Great to us. jWho is not proud to have become a disciple of rest, of,absolute rest, for an organ or a system of organs of thegenus homo? The true physician will always relievesuffering whenever and wherever he meets it. This isthe spirit of Rush Medical School. NO WONDERIT WINS.The comrades of the class of 1880 have, for all theseyears, triumphantly borne aloft this guide — the spirit ofleadership of the old Rush Medical School. Since thattime, the old Rush Medical School, our dear Alma Mater,has become the recognized Medical Department of oneof the greatest, of one of the leading universities of ourcountry.The University of Chicago has bestowed many greathonors upon us, but also great duties and great obligations were thrust upon us, the old veterans. We areproud of our heritage, of the part we have played in thefield of medicine, and hopeful, for the future to continue,perhaps less active, until the final summons; and as wemay judge from past achievements of the graduates ofRush, we old veterans are confident that every alumnusarriving on the scene in this and all future years, willdo his or her full duty as honorable medical practitioners.IN MY OPINION• By FRED B. MILLETT, PhD'31, Associate Professor of EnglishTHE reader, steeped in the metric literature of theclassical and the romantic traditions — the twodominant traditions in the poetry of WesternEurope — may well recoil in dismay from a first contactwith poetry as immediately forbidding as that representedby such poets as W. H. Auden, C. Day Lewis, andStephen Spender.* The thirtieth lyric from Auden'sPoems will serve as a specific indication of the need forsome initiation into poetry written in a tradition divorcedfrom both the classical and the romantic :Sir, no man's enemy, forgiving allBut will his negative inversion, be prodigal :Send to us power and light, a sovereign touchCuring the intolerable neural itch,The exhaustion of weaning, the liar's quinsy,And the distortions of ingrown virginity.Prohibit sharply the rehearsed responseAnd gradually correct the coward's stance:Cover in time with beams those in retreatThat, spotted, they turn though the reverse were great ;Publish each healer that in city livesOr country houses at the end of drives ;Harrow the house of the dead, look shining atNew styles of architecture, a change of heart.Here, the initial difficulty involved in discovering thatGod is being respectfully addressed as Sir, is not the onlyone to be encountered. The deliberate anti-poetic imagery, the substitution of assonance for rhyme, the compression of the thought, and, most of all, the implicitsocial attitude and values, — all these must constitute formany readers very considerable obstacles to the appreciation due an exciting contemporary poet. Certainly wehave here an illustration of the all-important problem ofcommunication.Probably the best advised step toward understandingthese poets is the ' reading of the explicatory-hortatoryessay, "A Hope for Poetry," published in Day Lewis'sCollected Poems. This essay sets forth lucidly the poeticorigins of this group, and appeals to other poets (andcritics) to adopt their poetic and political creeds. Likeall revolutionizers of an artistic technique, Day Lewisand his friends have not found their older contemporariesworking in either the classical or romantic mode stimulating and energizing influences. Bridges and Hardy, Yeatsand Masefield, Housman and De la Mare represent forthese poets little more than attitudes and poetic modesto be eschewed. Instead, their poetic "ancestors" areacknowledged to be poets as technically eccentric asGerard Manley Hopkins, Wilfrid Owen, and T. S. Eliot.*In the March issue of this magazine, the interested reader may findsame preliminary considerations evoked by the critical reception in Americaof the woirks of this group. The poems under discussion are most easilyavailable in the handsome volumes issued by Random House: W. H.Auden Poems (1934), On Tins Island (1937); C. Day Lewis, CollectedPoems (1935), A Time to Dance 01936); Stephen Spender, Poems (1934),Vienna (1935). The quotations in this article are from these volumes. Thus, Spender's fine poem, "I think continually of thosewho were truly great" hailsThe names of those who in their lives fought for lifeWho wore at their hearts the fire's centre.Born of the sun they travelled a short while toward thesun,And left the vivid air signed with their honour.From Hopkins, a denizen of the nineteenth centurybut a modern poet by reason of his technical innovationsand his twentieth-century fame, these young poets havelearned audacity in the treatment of such fundamentalelements as metre, diction, and imagery, and have gleanedsome of their most striking particular effects. Such apoem as Day Lewis's "The Ecstatic" could hardly haveoeen written before the publication of Hopkins's "TheWind-Hover," and the section on the Flight from his"A Time to Dance" captures not a little of the olderpoet's rush of energy and violence of word and image :Hours-held not of level flight, beat unhurried,Sustaining undertone of movement never-ending :Wind shrill on the ailerons, flutes and fifes in a flurryDevilish when they dive, plucking of tense stays.Specifically, these poets have acquired from Hopkinsthe most considerable number of their technical devices :the elimination, wherever possible, of all save image-bearing words (at the expense frequently of a clarifyinggrammar), a pre-occupation with alliteration especiallyon stressed syllables, a courageous coining of new verbalcompounds, and the use of a "sprung rhythm," which inHopkins and in them approximates the rhymed alliterative verse of the Middle Ages. (Such lines as Auden'sIn Spring we shall spade the soil on the borderFor blooming of bulbs ; we shall bow in Autumnrevive the tradition of Beowulf and Piers Plowman.)These young poets' indebtedness to Wilfrid Owen is lessweighty, but they have found technical encouragementin his brilliant experiments with assonance, and intellectual stimulus in his scrupulous truth-telling and ironicunder-statement. Technically, T. S. Eliot has had muchto teach his political enemies, although his religio-politicalevolution stirs them to scorn. Most important of hislessons are the substitution of an "emotional" for an intellectual sequence as an organizing principle and theeffect of dissonance to be gained by juxtaposing fragments of the grand style and the outrageously colloquial.In a limited sense, then, these three poets may be saidto form a school. They have embraced a common political creed. They express a faith in a classless societyin a poetic idiom intelligible to only the most restrictedintellectual caste. They have sat at the feet of the same2122 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEpoetic masters. They are the latest exemplars of whatis currently the most vigorous of poetic traditions, onewhich has never been appropriately designated but maybe illustrated by John Donne and the metaphysical poetsin the seventeenth century, Gerard Manley Hopkins inthe nineteenth, and Ezra Pound and T. S. Eliot and theirinnumerable disciples in the twentieth. While no one ofthese poets writes constantly in the same mode, in all ofthem recur evidences of the technical practices I haveattempted to distinguish. They are at one in their desire to turn to poetic use not merely vital contemporarybeliefs but such definitely modern sources of imagery asthe railroad train and the airplane, the factory and themechanized metropolis. In Spender's "The Express,"for example, where the train is itself an object of lyricaltreatment, the transition from anti-poetic to poetic imagery is managed skilfully:At last, further than Edinburgh or Rome,Beyond the crest of the world, she reaches nightWhere only a low streamline brightnessOf phosphorus on the tossing hills is white.Ah, like a comet through flame she moves entrancedWrapt in her music no bird song, .no, nor boughBreaking with honey buds, shall ever equal.In Day Lewis's "The Magnetic Mountain," the railroad train, though treated more realistically in suchlines asLet us be off! Our steamIs deafening the dome.The needle in the gaugePoints to a long-banked rage,And trembles there to showWhat a pressure's below,is really not a train but a symbol of the way to a communistic paradise.But what is of critical rather than historical importanceis not the source of these poets' techniques nor their common qualities, but the degree to which each has weldedvaried devices into compelling individual utterance.To me, Stephen Spender seems the most traditional ofthese poets. His mind has been stirred by the new poeticspirit, but his heart is still with the great romantic tradition of English poetry. The critics who have comparedhim to Shelley have not been completely in error, for thevision of a better world which some of his poems suggest has something of the optimistic unreality of the olderpoet's imagined paradise. In his poetry, he is, perhapslegitimately, more concerned with the glory of the NewAge than with the revolution that is to bring it in.Leave your gardens, your singing feasts,Your dreams of suns circling before our sun,Of heaven after our world.Instead, watch images of flashing brassThat strike the outward sense, the polished willFlag of our purpose which the wind engraves.No spirit seek here 'rest. But this : No man Shall hunger : Man shall spend equally,Our goal which we compel : Man shall be man.He is romantic, too, perhaps, in the absence in him of thespirit of satire so conspicuous in Day Lewis's "TheMagnetic Mountain" and in the poems and plays ofAuden. He was moved to indignant utterance by theofficial murder of Van der Lubbe and by the massacreof the Viennese Socialists, but his inability to organizeVienna, the long poem devoted to the latter subject, suggests that his forte is the lyric and not the epic or thedrama. For in Spender, emotion is personal rather thansocial, and his finest effects are attained in the expression, not of his communistic faith, but of the experienceof a complex modern man wracked by conflicts in hisown person and in the chaotic world. The conflict isoften presented with an almost uncomfortable power.When the conflict is resolved, a perfect romantic poemresults.It is Day Lewis's distinction that he is at once theexpositor and the exemplifier of this group's most characteristic utterances. He furnishes a norm by which thedivergent developments of Spender and Auden may bemeasured. "A Hope for Poetry" give the theoreticalfoundations of the group's activity; his poems illustratethe relatively unindividualized application of those theories. "From Feathers to Iron," a lyrical sequence written before the birth of his son, shows him capable ofexpressing his more narrowly personal experience but,in general, in such lyrics as "The Conflict" and "In MeTwo Worlds," he is constantly aware of himself in relation to the political conflicts of his age and of his responsibility for the resolution of that conflict. Though hissatire is not so biting as that of Auden, satire is his inevitable weapon against the adversary, and his poeticattack on bourgeois society in "The Magnetic Mountain"is as powerful as any of the dramatic attacks launched byAuden. But though his rendition of both positive andnegative social emotions is vigorous, he does not usuallyhave the imaginative power and distinction of Auden.He is his superior in lucidity, but he attains that qualityby means that are sometimes prosaic.Auden is certainly the most difficult as he is almostcertainly the most gifted of these poets. On many occasions, he seems to cultivate indirection and obscurity fortheir own sakes, and in such fascinating lyrics as "Sinceyou are going to begin today" and "From the very firstcoming down," the reader must decide for himselfwhether the reward is commensurate with the industryinvolved in the decoding. Auden's difficulty arises fromhis having welded into a personal instrument the techniques which Spender and Day Lewis have borrowedor imitated and from his applying that instrument to theservice of a mind that is far richer and subtler than theminds of his friends. On this Island, his most recentvolume, would seem to be, not, as Day Lewis suggested,a regressive preoccupation with personal salvation but ademonstration of the deepening and enriching in him ofboth personal and social emotion. He has perhaps beenwell advised to choose the dramatic form for the moredirect expression of his social convictions, and to reserve(Continued on Page 25)NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESFOUR years ago the University removed the lasttwo years of its high school from the jurisdictionof the Department of Education and placed itunder the control of the Dean of the College. This montha curriculum committee which has been at work for morethan two years completed the task of giving curricularcontent to that organization, and with the approval ofthe University Senate, the University now has a newfour-year college unit ready to function.Probably it should be explained quickly that the College of the Chicago Plan — a unit usually requiring theequivalent of freshman and sophomore years in the traditional "university" — remains unchanged. As usual, thegreat bulk of the entering students will be graduates ofthe traditional four-year high school. Their program ofgeneral education will be unaffected by the new unit, thelast two years of which, however, largely parallel thepresent curriculum, of the College. For the immediatefuture, at least, the number of students entering by wayof the new four-year college (at the equivalent of theirjunior year in high school) will be relatively small. Theenrollment next autumn in the first year of the unit'soperation may be about 150. Approximately fifty of thesestudents will go to other colleges when they have completed the first two years of the new curriculum (theequivalent of graduation from high school). The otherhundred probably will continue on through the last twoyears of this college unit, and may then proceed into oneof the Upper Divisions of the University. At the present time, the University High School furnishes aboutfifty entering students to the College. Twenty scholarships have been offered to high school students completing their sophomore year this spring, and the award isnow in process, the choice depending on a special competitive examination and personal interviews.The basic principle of this new college is simple. Educators, among them President Hutchins, have been pointing out with increasing insistence that the present organization of American education is the result largely ofhistorical accident and misapprehension, and has nological basis. They would reorganize, on the basis ofa six-year elementary school, a four-year junior highschool, and a four-year junior college. In the trade jargon, this is the "6-4-4" plan. Of late years, social andeconomic pressures have lengthened the period of education practically to the twentieth year of a youth's life,and the two-year junior college has mushroomed allover the country. President Hutchins has said that theconfusion that besets all higher education is a characteristic of the present junior college, for which no definitepurpose has been determined. It has not been decidedwhether the junior college is preparing its students forlife or for college ; its curriculum is sometimes an extension of high school work, and sometimes a diluted versionof the first two years of the state university's curriculum.He has insisted that if the organization of the educational • By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20, JD '22structure could be clarified, it might be possible thento clarify the content of the various units of the system.His thesis has been that a unit such as that now established at Chicago could attempt to do a sound job ofproviding a general education, and at the same time givethose who were not seriously interested in scholarship agraceful and socially acceptable terminal point in theireducation.The content of the curriculum for the four-year college is not of President Hutchins' devising. It does reflect some of his educational beliefs, but it reflects to agreater extent the views of the members of the Collegefaculty. So much so, in fact, that, while the curriculumof the first two years is theoretically articulated with thatof the present College, there is a distinct duality as between that institution and the last two years of theCollege. To that extent, it might be noted, the intendedclarification of organization has not been achieved. Thefour-year curriculum adopts one of the principles basicto the Chicago Plan : that general education can best beachieved by helping students to master the leading ideasand significant facts in the principal fields of knowledge.There will be comprehensive examinations, and therewill be individual freedom and responsibility to the extent that students of comparative immaturity can useit advantageously.The experiment will be of wide interest to educators,and if it is successful, may be the example which encourages some of the more than 500 junior colleges of thecountry to work out a new importance in the educationalsystem by absorbing the last two years of the high school.Such a realignment would force a revision downward, toachieve the "6-4-4" organization.Early Illinois Mound BuildersIllinois may not be the cradle of civilization but thestory of man in the state can be traced at least 2,000years, Fay-Cooper Cole, Chairman of the Department ofAnthropology, and Thorn Deuel, research assistant, havedemonstrated in Rediscovering Illinois, a book publishedrecently by the University of Chicago Press. Since 1925student anthropologists of the University have beengiven practical training in archaeological methods byengaging in the most comprehensive survey of Indianculture ever made in the Middle-West. While moreambitious expeditions have been working in such richfields as the Near East and Yucatan, the Chicago anthropologists have been uncovering the pre-history of thestate.About the time of Christ, or perhaps even earlier, theirfindings show, Illinois was inhabited by a long-headedrace, displaying Eskimoid characteristics, closely relatedto the older types of man found in the southwesternUnited States. Later than the "Black Sand" men fivtcultures of true Indians have been identified by the scien-2324 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtific work of the expeditions, the book reports. The careful exploration has removed the story of the MoundBuilders from the realm of mystery, exploding the mythof a "vanished race," by demonstrating that Indians builtthe mounds.Much of the record of Illinois pre-history has beendestroyed by indiscriminate digging of "pot hunters" andvandals, Dr. Cole's book emphasizes. Important moundsleft intact on the estates of Chester Whitnah and thelate Joy Morton in Fulton County were among thosemade available to the Chicago excavators for their scientific digging. In contrast to the reckless tactics of thepot-hunters, the Chicago workers carefully mapped andcharted the mounds they opened, cutting the soil awayin thin slices, and recording the exact position of everyobject found so that their relationship could be determined.The five cultures above the "Black Sand" men, asthey emerge from the surveys, are : Red Ocher, CentralBasin, Hopewellian, Middle Mississippi, and MaplesMills. All had disappeared before the coming of thewhite man. Some are known by only one or two sites ofrestricted character but others are represented by extensive village and camp sites and burial grounds. The"Black Sand" men possessed coarse stone implementsand also had rudimentary pottery. The Red Ocher people had beautiful stonework and used copper, but theirpottery was of a crude type. Long lance or projectilepoints indicate hunting, but no arrow heads, indicatinguse of a bow, have been found. In the later cultures, particularly the Middle Mississippi pattern, considerable evidence was uncovered. Then the Indians lived in villages,building rectangular houses set in bowl-shaped depressions. They possessed the bow and arrow; used stoneknives and adzes as cutting tools; shells as hoes; bonefor fish-hooks, awls, and pins.A hint of cannibalism was given by the repeated discovery of human bones in refuse pits, in association withanimal bones. Shellfish and fish formed an importantpart of the diet of the period, but the Middle MississippiIndians also ate deer, squirrel, rabbit, turkey, elk, andbison. Finding of pottery pipes reveals the use of tobacco.That epidemics often swept these pre-historic tribes isshown by numerous burials of entire family groups. Atleast ten per cent of the bodies in one mound showed thehigh incidence of Paget's disease, and one case of therare disease, osteistis fibrosa, was found.Exact dating of the periods identified by Dr. Cole'sfield parties probably will be achieved in the near future.Dr. Florence Hawley, a Ph. D. of the department ofanthropology, demonstrated that the "tree ring" datingmethods developed in the southwest can be successfullycarried out by using charcoal found in the mounds. Dr.Hawley, who has been at the University of New Mexico,has been appointed a Research Associate in anthropology. Funds for her appointment were supplied the University by an anonymous friend through the IndianaHistorical Society.The basis of tree-ring dating is simple. A tree's agecan be determined by the number of rings it has developed. Obviously, a cross section of a living tree is the starting point. The rings will not be of the same width ;a succession of narrow ones may indicate a period ofdrought years; a series of broader ones will indicateyears of good rainfall. These series are charted for anumber of trees in a section, enough samples being takento eliminate variations caused by factors purely local.From the chart so obtained, a piece of long buried woodmay be dated, for its cross section will fit exactly intothe pattern of ring variations. In the southwest, thedry climate preserved wood for hundreds of years, butin the Mississippi Valley, moisture long ago causedrotting of the trees which might have been buried inmounds or camp sites. Plenty of charcoal remains, however, and Dr. Hawley's demonstration that it could beused for dating purposes therefore opened a new approach in this region. Her field work in obtainingsamples for her master chart will carry her in a widesweep from central Illinois into Kentucky and the TVAregion, so that the Indian culture of the entire region canbe dated.Zimmermann Elected TrusteeHerbert P. Zimmermann, '01, prominent in alumniactivities for many years, has been elected to the Boardof Trustees of theUniversity, HaroldH. Swift, presidentof the Board, announced last month.Mr. Zimmermann isa vice-president anda director of theR. R. Donnelley andSons Co. He hasbeen successivelypresident of the Chicago Alumni Club ;chairman of theAlumni Committeeon Development during the University'sdevelopment campaign of 1924-26;and president of theAlumni Association and chairman of the Alumni Council.He is at present chairman of the Alumni Committee onInformation and Development.As an undergraduate, Mr. Zimmermann was managing editor of the Cap and Gown, student annual ;member of the editorial staff of the University of ChicagoWeekly ; and member of the Psi Upsilon fraternity andof Owl and Serpent, senior honor society. He has beenassociated with the Donnelley Company since his graduation. Election of Mr. Zimmermann brings the number ofBoard members who are alumni of the University tojeleven. The Board is composed of thirty members. Mr.Zimmermann also is a member of the Board of Trusteesof the University's Rush Medical College and of theCommunity Hospital, Geneva, 111. His home is i$Geneva.Herbert F. ZimmermannTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 25Goodspeed Hall Becomes Art CenterGoodspeed Hall, residence hall for Divinity students,and one of the original buildings on the quadrangles,is being completely remodelled to provide a buildingto house the Department of Art. The remodelled building will house the University of Chicago Art ReferenceLibrary, founded by Max and Leola Epstein. Mr. Epstein, member of the Board of Trustees, who has madenumerous other gifts to the University, is providingsome 200,000 reproductions of paintings and drawings,duplicating the famous collection of Sir Robert Wittof London, which is the world's most notable art reference collection. Mr. Epstein also is giving the fundsfor the reconstruction of the building, its maintenanceover a period of years, and is providing for the strengthening of the University's faculty of art. The counterpartof the unique Witt collection, which is now in preparation, will give exceptional material for the teaching andstudy of the history of art and of comparative art. Wheninstalled in Goodspeed Hall, the collection will beaccessible to students of art outside the University.Now housed in an old residence at 60th St. and EllisAve., the Art Department will have complete facilitiesfor its work when the reconstruction is completed nextautumn. The interior of Goodspeed will be torn outand rebuilt to provide offices for the faculty, workrooms, an exhibition gallery, library, and the stacks forthe reference collection. The exterior will not be altered.A Memorial ScholarshipTeachers, alumni, and students of Calumet HighSchool have endowed a scholarship at the University inhonor of Genevieve Melody, Chicago, Ph. B., 1902, andReintegration of the University(Continued from Page 6)li you do not feel as I do on this point, it must bebecause you do not think of philosophy as I do. Theconception of philosophy then becomes a subject fordiscussion. I should be hopeful that such discussionwould lead to agreement on the difference and the relations between philosophy and the other fields of learning, an agreement that would make inescapable theconclusion I have stated. I should be hopeful, too, thatwhen this is done the faculty would proceed to find away of making Chicago the first university in thecountry where doctors of philosophy were doctors ofphilosophy.When we consider the condition of the country, andindeed of the world, when we reflect on the collapseof the standards and slogans by which we have lived,we must feel that it is only by decisive action that theideals of freedom, democracy, and the pursuit of truthcan be preserved. They rest at last upon the intelligenceand capacity of the people. The intelligence and capacityof the people are both the cause and the effect of theeducational system. The strength of the University ofChicago enables us, if we will, to be more cause thaneffect and to help set the goals of the national life. M. A., 1907, who was the first woman principal of acoeducational high school in Chicago. Under her leadership and encouragement students at Calumet becamenotably successful in the annual Chicago competitivescholarship examinations, and in the spring of 1933,when the illness that was to cause Miss Melody's deaththat summer had forced her to go to the hospital, herstudents won the scholarship plaque for the highest number of scholarships taken. The plaque was sent to herby the "team" as a tribute to the part she had playedin their success.Here and ThereThe seventeenth annual Trustees' dinner to the Faculty was^ held on April 9 at the South Shore CountryClub, with 520 attending. Speakers were PresidentHutchins (whose speech is reported in full elsewherein this issue) ; Robert S. Mulliken, professor of physics,representing the faculty, and Paul S. Russell, '16, representing the Board. Mr. Swift presided. . . . George Bon-nett, French ambassador to the United States; AndreChevrillon, Director of the French Academy; RaymondLaurent, President of the Municipal Council of Paris,and several other French dignitaries paid a flying visitto the University April 7. . . . Dean of the Social SciencesDivision Robert Redfield, who is not permitting hisadministrative duties to interfere with his career as ananthropologist, is in Guatemala, continuing his studiesof a native village. He returns in June.Dr. Arno Luckhardt, professor of physiology, recentlywas elected to membership in the International Collegeof Anesthetists by the board of governors of the International Research Society, for his discovery of the anesthetic ethylene.In My Opinion(Continued from Page 22)the non-dramatic lyric for the implicit expression ofhis complex personal experience.* Social emotions arenot, of course, absent from his poetry, but they are filtered through an almost too subtle mentality and medium.Auden's technique is more varied, more constantly experimental than that of his friends. His personality isthe most complex. On many counts, he would seem tobe the most considerable poet to emerge since Eliot.There are few poets of our time who could achieve thesinister evocativeness of these lines descriptive of a creative social passion which, by way of preliminary destruction,Needs death, death of the grain, our death,Death of the old gang ; would leave themIn sullen valley where is made no friend,The old gang to be forgotten in the spring,The hard bitch and the riding-master,Stiff underground ; deep in clear lakeThe lolling bridegroom, beautiful, there.I have made no attempt here to discuss the plays, which deserveseparate consideration : "Paid on Both Sides" and ''The Dance of Death,"reprinted m Poems (1934), The Dog beneath the Skin (1935), and TheAscent of F 6 (1936), the last two in collaboration with ChristopherIsherwood.ATHLETICS• By WELLS D. BURNETTEScores of the MonthBasketball TrackChicago, 9; Wheaton, 5 Chicago, 34; Texas StateChicago, 9; Notre Dame, 16 Teachers, 93Chicago, 2; Armour Tech, 1 Chicago, 71; Northern Illi-Chicago, 4; Armour Tech, 1 Ilinois State Teachers, 60THE National A. A. U. Swimming Meet forWomen was held in Chicago this month. Although not a part of the University's intercollegiate program, that meet was of particular interest to manystudents at the University, for Margie Smith (see Magazine "Sports" for February) won third place in the 100yard backstroke. During her high school career atBiwabik, Minnesota, Miss Smith won the state schoolswimming championship for four consecutive years. Atthe National A. A. U. meet last year and the year before,she placed second in the backstroke event.Margie started swimming in the fourth grade andthrough sheer hard work reached the top in her agegroup within five years. She is a sophomore in the University and has no definite plans for the future, exceptto try her luck again, this time for the Japanese Gamesin '40.In the same vein of discussion, two members of theUniversity varsity swimming squad took part in theMen's National A. A. U. Conference held at Yale lastweek. Jay Brown, co-captain of the team, competed inbehalf of the Lakeshore Athletic Club and Floyd Stauffer represented the Midway boys. Jay was a member ofthe three-hundred yard medley relay team which wonthat particular event, and with it the meet.At the annual spring sports banquet three new captains were elected to head teams for the coming year.All of them are natives of Chicago and have been participating since their freshman year in their respectivesports. Herbert Strauss will head the fencers with Robert Anderson (Delta Kappa Epsilon) leading the swimmers and Richard Ferguson (Phi Delta Theta) in waterpolo. Ninety-one letters and numerals were awarded forbasketball, swimming, water polo, fencing, indoor track,and gymnastics.Before closing the books on winter athletics, somemention should be given to the state tourney of theAmateur Fencer's League of America, held during thefirst week of April. In foil, Campbell Wilson (lastyear's holder of the Mid- West crown for epee) and LeeWinter, both graduates, won second and fourth places,and newly-elected Captain Strauss took third. JamesWalters and Henry Lemon, this year's co-captains, wonsecond and fourth places in epee. In saber, Ned Fritz,junior, member of the Daily Maroon staff, and comingtop fencer, won third position.Despite a persistent rainy season, the bases were polished off on a couple of dry days to provide pre-seasongames for the diamond squad. Practice has been extremely limited because of the weather and, in view ofthese circumstances, the team meets Iowa in the Con ference opener at a distinct disadvantage. Five lettermen return to help fill in the nine, and rumor has it thatthe pitching staff is the strongest in some time. Fastpitcher Joe Mastrofsky, who has developed a goodcurved ball, is showing improvement. Southpaw HarveyLawson (Fort Madison, Iowa) has done fairly well inthe ^practice meets, particularly in the ones withWheaton and Notre Dame. Tall Paul Amundsen, pastbasketball captain, has obtained much better mound control and more speed. Robert Reynolds (Gravity, Iowa)will also fill in the pitching battery. Robert Shipway,team captain, will be catching with Arthur Dean assisting him. Worth noting is the fact that senior football-man William Gillerlain has come out for baseball for thefirst time and is seeking to fill Bill Harlow's old positionon first base. Sollie Sherman (the much lauded playerof the Chicago- Wisconsin football thriller last fall) willgo into right field. He, incidentally, is as good a baserunner as he is an open field football player. Roy Soder-lind (who leads a campus dance band in off moments)is right at the top in batting averages.Coach Ned Merriam is not anticipating easy going inoutdoor track this year. His hopes lie mainly in thesprints and hurdles. Carl Frick (Little Rock, Ark.) hasshown merit in both the hundred and two-twenty yarddashes. Two seniors, John Beal and Nat Newman, willrepresent the team in high and low hurdles. Robert Cassels (Clarendon Hills, 111.) has consistently pole-vaultedmore than twelve feet.The tennis squad opens against Wisconsin on thetwenty-third. The golfers meet their first competitionagainst Notre Dame late this monthi.Of InterestSpring football practice has been abandoned at theUniversity. Coach Shaughnessy mailed notices to hisboys that "we will have only informal practice for thenext few weeks." Reasons for the change were givenas outside employment, scholastic load, and participationin other "in season" sports. Under the new plan, coacheswill informally give afternoon instruction each day tothose who desire it. According to the letter, attendanceat these classes will have no bearing on the selection ofthe first team next fall, other than the personal abilityobtained from the workouts. Since the Chicago plan wasput into effect (allowing freedom of class attendance)football practice has been voluntary. "Social pressurefrom teammates and the force of tradition," wrote theDaily Maroon Sports Editor, "kept the workouts goingfor a few years. . . . The change will mean little difference in the effectiveness of the Maroons against theiropponents. It is but facing a condition which has existed already for several years."The change signifies an adjustment of the football section of University Athletics to the school system whichplaces emphasis on Spring examinations and hence agreater concentration on study at this time.26THE EIGHT O'CLOCK MAILSt. Louis, Missouri.When the Alumni Council occassionally writes us forcriticisms or suggestions about the Magazine, I feel likesuggesting that the proof-reading ought to be more careful. But perhaps I am blaming the wrong people.Gaudeamus is a recognizable Latin form. I should thinkthat a person who does not know ancient languageswould at least realize that the word looks like Latin.Also, like is not yet a conjunction, though I think it iso-oing in that direction. The editorial I am criticizingadversely was interesting and good-natured, but it mayarouse some less-than-good-natured amusement amongthe young staff of Gaudeamus, and among some of theEnglish journal people too.I see no university publication that contains moreinteresting subject-matter and pictures than our University of Chicago Magazine. But this is not the firsttime that I have noticed English that sounded unsuitablein such a publication.Gaudeamus means "let us be joyful."Julia D. Randall, AM '13.After getting Gaul divided into three parts(with the help of a pony) we chose to be "joyful" in English — as bad as it seems to be! Sowe appreciate your translation of Gaudeamus.It does look like we are helping "like3 to goconjunction-ward, doesn't it? Please be assured that Gaudeamus editor, Tom Kerr, andhis staff of assistants took no offense at thearticle (see his letter, which follows). At themoment, Editor Kerr — who will receive hisA.B. degree in June — is facing a more seriousproblem. Robert A. Hall, Jr., AM '35, has sentin a contribution from Porto Rico which iswritten in Hungarian and Tom cant Und anyone on the quadrangles who can translate it!Chicago.Your admission that, because of the variety of languages, you didn't know whether Gaudeamus was goodor not, pleased me. Some of our subscribers have beenless tactful. Knowing the gliddery path you travel inyour "Quad Rambles," I appreciate your notice of mychild and am considering giving you fellows a boosttoward firm establishment in a future issue.Thomas W. Kerr, Editor.525 Park Avenue, New York.To anyone interested, I may say I would be morethan pleased to hear from any former associates, as Isee few Rush men in New York. Since I have startedin private practice I have been trying to overcome theattack of chronic hospitalitis dating from the first internship at Billings Hospital under Dr. Phemister in1929 and finally ending under Dr. Emil Goetsch at theLong Island College Hospital in Brooklyn in 1934.Among "terms spent" was a two-year stretch at St. Lukes, New York, on the E. E. N. T. service. Detailswill be gladly furnished on request from those who evervisit New York and want the information first hand.Allyn K. Foster, Jr., SM '29, MD '30.This letter was in response to a (<Send UsNews" bulletin which is sent out each year toour annual Magazine subscribers. Your "former associates" will appreciate a similar response from- you.San Antonio, Texas.Congratulations on the make-up of the last number ofthe Mazagine. Here I have met very pleasantly LewisKayton, '22, a prosperous real estate man; Daniel D.Altgelt, '30, now a rising young physician in San Antonio ; and in Mexico City, Charles Borroff, '16, andwife. Mr. and Mrs. Borroff were making a two-week'stour of Mexico City and environs.Walter A. Payne, '96.Mr. Payne zvas University Examiner 10 11-13 and Recorder and Examiner 1013-1030. Heis now retired.Paris.Greetings from Paris! Will see Fred Bate '11 inLondon tomorrow. Arriving in N. Y. on SS "Bremen" March 31. Hope to see you again in Chicagoafter establishing office in Washington. Best wishes.Conrado Benitez, '11.The above card was received on April 6. Interestingly enough the card was postmarkedNew York — March 31, so it must have arrivedon the same boat with Air. Benitez in spite ofhis detour via London.Chicago.I am moved to protest the publication of such articlesas "Science or Metaphysics ?" by Michael F. Guyer inyour March issue. Discussion and criticism of Mr.Hutchins' educational ideas are to be encouraged, andMr. Hutchins would be the last person to object. I donot know how he feels about the Guyer article, but itimpresses me as merely calling names. I feel that sucharticles do not either promote intelligent considerationof Mr. Hutchins' thesis or cast credit upon the University or its magazine.Laird Bell, JD, '07.Dear Mr. Beck:I have great pleasure to inform you that on February26 we revived the University of Chicago Club of Shanghai. A dinner meeting was held at the Shanghai International Club that day, and with about 60 former Chicago students present we elected our Executive Committee members for the coming year. They are asfollows :Dr. John Y. Lee, Chairman ('07, PhDT5) ; Mrs.Alfred W. Sherriff, Vice-chairman (T4, AMT8) ; Mr.2728 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEC. H. Lowe (Chuan-hua Lowe), Secretary-Treasurer('23) ; Mr. Lawrence M. Lew, member at large(AM'22), and Miss T. Y. Zia, member at large ('34).The same evening we had the pleasure of meetingand hearing an old Chicago student and well-knownAmerican journalist, Mr. Nathaniel Peffer (Tl). Hewas very interesting and even humorous ; so we allhad a grand time.We shall be very grateful if you will kindly send usthe University of Chicago Alumni Magazine, and letus know whenever anyone comes out to visit China fromthe Alma Mater.And now a little information about myself. I graduated from Chicago in the summer of 1923, and whilein college was a member of the University Band. I stillrecall the happy days I had with the Band when wehad good seats at all the football games. I rememberone time we were all sent down to Columbus, Ohio, andthe game turned out to be in our favor. The largestbass drum (at that time at least) outshone everythingthat day. Last summer I made a brief visit to Chicagobefore I went to the I. P. R. Conference at Yosemite,but failed to see you at the Alumni Office. When canyou visit China? Do let us know, for now we have avery large group of Chicagoans here and we can assureyou that we shall give you a really warm reception.With best regards. Sincerely yours, C. H. Lowe,Director of Shanghai Office, China International FamineRelief Commission.WHAT THEY ARE SAYING ABOUT THEALUMNI SCHOOLSouth Milwaukee, Wisconsin.I am glad to learn that we are to have another AlumniSchool. Last year's meetings were great. . .(Mrs. IT. W.) Leonie K. Thornburg, '20.Chicago.I like your plans tremendously for Reunion Week.... I like particularly the idea that prompted such aplan [the Alumni School.]Anna M. Melka, '12.Chicago.Ever since last June I have been intending to saythank you for the Alumni School. I do that now andadd my thanks to you for taking my suggestion (whichI never contrived to make) to have night sessions. Thatis the only improvement I could suggest over the splendid school of last year. I shall certainly attend as frequently as possible, bringing with me an alumnus-by-marriage who is as much interested in the Universityas I am.Ruth Genzberger Bergman, '19.Washington, D. C.I hope to atten^ the Alumni Week activities as a representative of the Washington Club. The program forthe Alumni School looks very interesting.Carl A. Scheid, '32. Exploring Civilization(Continued from Page 11)social harmony, the modern application of that thoughtis obvious. If we can only gain a full realization ofthat spirit of civilization, we shall be armed against thepromises of any isolationist or totalitarian philosophyAnd there the archeologist and the historian will havemade a real contribution.We have seen a few of the adventures of scholars whoare exploring civilization. Much of this research workbegins with routine drudgery and yet produces unex-peeted values. It is like the Biblical story of the youno-man Saul. You remember how Saul went seeking forhis father's asses which were lost. He returned fromthe search, not with his father's asses, but with a kingdom. So also the research worker delves into a massof apparently dull, tedious, and remote materials andemerges with surpassingly precious achievements of thehuman spirit. It is true that the research worker must,like Saul, have something goodly in him — "and therewas not among the children of Israel a goodlier personthan he: from his shoulders and upward he was higherthan any of the people." Granting that the scholar hassomething of that lofty character, "from his shouldersand upward," he too may seek for his father's assesand come into a kingdom. That is a statement whichneed not be restricted to scholarship alone, as it is trueof all life.In 1920, in a convocation address at this University,Professor Breasted reported on a newly founded Oriental Institute — a laboratory for historical research inthe early career of man. This institute was to be no"mummy department," covered with the dust of a long-buried past. It was to be a new crusade, a return tothe Near Orient as to ancestral shores, in search -of aHoly Grail which was the story of the unfolding lifeof man. The seventeen years which have intervenedsince Dr. Breasted uttered this challenge have been yearsof persevering toil, but they have had their achievements. The Grail for which scholars seek may neverbe revealed to them in its full glory. Indeed, it is partof the virtue of the search that men do not think of theGrail as a cup to be held in the hands but rather as alofty symbol toward which they direct their aspirations.Occasionally there will be a moment of brilliant light,and some happy scholar will have a distant glimpse ofthe goal. Such moments of inspiration guide the footsteps of the rest of us who plod on in the faith that ourgoal is glorious.* * * *The foregoing is an address given at the 187th Convocation of the University of Chicago on March 16, 1937. Itshould be noted that the gold and silver tablets were foundat Persepolis by Mr. Friedrich Krefter and the text given isadapted fromi a translation by Professor Ernst E. Herzfeld.Professor Breasted's study of the Egyptian medical piapyrusis published in "The Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus." Thetranslation of a cuneiform business document is by Dr. WaldoH. Dubberstein, whose research project in economic historyis described. The study of the Egyptian coffin texts is beingundertaken by Dr. Adriaan de Buck; the translation givenindicating Egyptian ideas on democracy is taken fromBreasted's "Dawn of Conscience," page 221.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 29NEWS OF THE CLASSESCOLLEGE1895A recent visitor in the Alumni Officewas Cornelius J. Hoebeke, of 2350Springhill Drive, Kalamazoo, Michigan.1896The present address of FranklinJohnson is 827 West Franklin Street,Richmond, Virginia.Alfred C. Schmitt directs the religious activities of the California StatePrison.1897Otto E. Wieland, who was in realestate and insurance from 1911 to 1933,now resides at 506 East First Street,Duluth, and is busy writing.1899After teaching her classes in philosophy and psychology, at the MunicipalUniversity of Omaha, Pearl HunterWeber, AM'20, greatly enjoys goingbicycling or attending the theater. Shetells us that the May issue of The Psychological Review will carry an articleby her, entitled "Judgment Today."Mrs. Weber is secretary-treasurer ofthe Omaha Phi Beta Kappa Association.1900The newly elected president of theMichael Reese Hospital of Chicago isHarry N. Gottlieb of the law firm ofGottlieb and Schwartz. He succeededAlfred C. Meyer who died last Octoberfrom injuries received in an automobileaccident.1905Short story writer, Ralph P. Mul-vane of 4017 First Avenue, N.W.,Seattle, Wash., is a member of theYukon Order of Pioneers and is theGrand Principal Sojourner of theGrand Chapter of Royal Arch Masonsof Washington.Ray A. Palmer acts as city commissioner for Birmingham, Mich. Heoperates the R. A. Palmer Realty Company there.1906The office of Lester M. Linton,who manages the Los Angeles branchof^ the Fidelity Appraisal Company ofMilwaukee is at 304 South Broadway,Los Angeles.George M. Stephenson, associateProfessor of history, at the Universityof Minnesota, is the author of PoliticalHistory of the Public Lands, The Conservative Character of Martin Luther,2 History of American Immigration,the Founding of the Augustana Synod,the Religious Aspects of Swedish Immigration, and John Lind of Minnesota. He held a Guggenheim Fellow ship in 1927-28 for research work inSweden.Charles E. Brown has for twenty-three years been a salesman for theMutual Benefit Life Insurance Company of Spokane, Wash.1909Charles C Danforth writes fromSan Francisco, where he is principal ofthe Girls High School. His son, Clarence, is now 18.Hadleigh Marsh, bacteriologist anddirector of the research work of theMontana Livestock Association combined with the state college work, isnow residing at 822 South Third Avenue1, Bozeman, Mont.1910Lillian Gubelman, AM'23, isteaching at the Valley City StateTeachers College, North Dakota.1911J. Mason Houghland of Nashville,Tenn., is president of Spur DistributingCompany. Fox hunting is his hobby andhe is M. F. H. of Hillsboro Hounds.1912Frank B. Peach of Spokane, Washington, is president and manager ofExchange Safe Deposit Vault.Edna L. Sterling, who has beenteaching in Seattle since 1921 and ishead of the English department at theLincoln High School, is co-author withMiriam Cole of English for Daily Use.1913Dorrance and Company of Philadelphia will soon publish a text by IdaHuglin, AM'24, specialist in English,formerly of the Iowa State TeachersCollege faculty. Entitled A Senior HighSchool Grammar, this book is also intended as "a reference for all teachersand all adults interested in a better understanding of the English language andits most acceptable usage." Miss Huglinis now living at 601 East Fifth Street,Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.1914Donald Breed, editor of the FreeportJournal Standard, gave an address atthe ninetieth birthday celebration ofRockford College held recently.1916Another Chicago alumnus on theprofessorial staff of the University ofCalifornia at Berkeley is AlexanderS. Kaun.Mrs. Sarah M. Oakley has takenup her abode at 543 Stoner Avenue,Shreveport, Louisiana, since her husband's death.1917Maude Littleford Kimberlin(Mrs. H. H.) who was treasurer of theDallas Grade Teachers Council for anumber of years, is a music teacher atthe Colonial School. Scribner's•NOW ACOLLECTORSPIECE50th Anniversary Issuealready doubled in valueIt boasts such writers — past and present— as Bret Harte, Richard Harding Davis,Theodore Dreiser, Edith Wharton, Stephen Crane, Jim Tully, Ernest Hemingway, John Ames Mitchell.Artists who enrich its pages include Howard Chandler Christy, Charles Dana Gibson, A. B. Frost, Frederic Remington, WillJames, Rockwell Kent, Arthur Rackham.•HIGH PRAISERochester Democrat-Chronicle: "Here is all the funof running across an old magazine in the attic —Antiquarians of the future will pay well for it!"Washington Star: "... writers and illustratorspledged to the noblest ideals."Memphis Commercial Appeal: "For the man orwoman forty and over and above we recommend along, long look at the fiftieth anniversary number ofScribner's, for it is so composed that it reminds oneof many of the brighter, more agreeable pages ofthat part of history he or she may have watched inthe writing. For the young it is a sort of a handbookon the nation as they never knew it."Scribner's Magazine597 Fifth AvenueNew York CityPlease send copies of Scribner's50th Anniversary Issue at S°c. per copy. I am enclosing Name Address..City State..BLACKSTONEHALLanExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748 TelephoneBlackstone Ave. Plaza 3313Verna P. Werner, Director30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CIIICAGO MAGAZINEBUSINESSDIRECTORYAMBULANCE SERVICEBOYDSTON BROS.Emergency 'phones OAK. 0492-0493operatingAuthorized Ambulance Servicefor Billings HospitalUniversity Clinics, etc.24 hour service.ARTIFICIAL LIMBSBARDACH-SCHOENE CO.102 South Canal St.Phone Central 9710Artificial Legs and ArmsComfort and ServiceGUARANTEEDASBESTOSA UNIVERSITY FAVORITEK. & M.FEATHERWEIGHT85% MagnesiaUniform and light in weight. Moredead air cells. Better insulation.KEASBEY & MATTISON CO.205 W. Waclcer Drive Ran. 6951AWNINGSPhones Oakland 0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.,INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueBOILER REPAIRSJOSEPH A. RICHBOILER REPAIRINGWelding and. Cutting1414 East 63 rd StreetTelephone Hyde Park 9574 1918Frank Milton Schertz directs allresearch work for the American Chlorophyll Company of Alexandria, Virginia.1919Richard A. Jones, SM'20, has beenchiefly engaged in geological work inconnection with the oil industry, bothon the staff of major companiesand as consulting geologist. Recentlyhe has been doing consulting geologicalwork at San Antonio, Texas, and thinkshe may possibly combine this withranching in south Texas. He has written some fifty papers on geological subjects for various publications. He hastwo daughters, Dorothy Clara, age 8years, and Shirley May, age 7 years.1920Roland F. Holloway has beennamed advertising manager of the A. E.Staley Manufacturing Company, Decatur, 111., makers of corn starch, syrupand soy bean products. Mr. Hollowaywas formerly assisting advertising manager of Libby, McNeill and Libby, Chicago.John G. Stutz is executive secretary of the League of Kansas Municipalities which has its offices in Lawrence, Kansas.1921Charlotte Murray Russell, 2544Twentieth Avenue, Rock Island, 111.,has just had her third mystery novel,The Tiny Diamond, published as aCrime Club selection.1922Bertie F. Goetschius is an instructor of English at the Central HighSchool, Tulsa, Oklahoma.Harriet Dougherty Horton (Mrs.Cecil) is teaching kindergarten at OakKnoll at Del Mar, Pasadena, California.Ernest A. Obering is a geologist forthe Shell Petroleum Corporation. Heis at present located in Midland, Texas.1923Ruby Harris, SM'32, is an instructor in geography at the State TeachersCollege at Charleston, 111.1925Margaret M. O'Connell is a member of the faculty of LaSalle School ofChicago.R. Graham Hagey is vice-presidentand director of General Houses, Inc.Mrs. Edna I. Hedges, of OklahomaCity, Oklahoma, is teaching there atthe Classen High School.In addition to teaching geophysicsand other subjects at Columbia University, M. King Hubbert, SM'28, is engaged in writing a textbook on geophysics and a bulletin for the IllinoisGeological Survey on resistivity workin the fluorspar area. Anita Walsh Lamb (Mrs. John)of 1844 Chase Ave., Chicago, is ~teacher at the Kelly High School.Nan Nelson is an English teacher inLincoln Junior High School, Logansport, Ind.Elizabeth Rogge, SM'36, is an instructor in Home Economics, University of Washington.1928Christian Miller, AM'29, registrarand assistant professor of German atCollege of Puget Sound, Tacoma, Washington, is president of the NorthwestAssociation of Collegiate Registrarsduring 1935-36.1929Sterling North continues writinghis literary reviews and criticisms forthe Chicago Daily News. He was responsible for the lyrics of the skit entitled "Buckingham Palace — 1937" inthis year's Mirror.1930Edith Elliott, SM'36, is workingin the advertising department of H. J;Heinz Company, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.Marjorie Ford, AM'33, is in chargeof WPA Sewing Rooms in Cook Countyoutside of Chicago.The position Dorothy Wright Leg-gitt, AM'33, holds is that of criticteacher of Social Science in the Northern Illinois State Teachers College.Previously she taught in the junior highin Glen Ellyn, Illinois.Helen McDougall has this yearjoined the staff of Stout Institute inMenomonie, Wisconsin.Florence Pigatti, who finished herlaw study at the University of Southern California, is now an attorney-investigator in Los Angeles.Martye Poindexter has a facultyappointment at Texas Tech, Lubbock.1931Melba G. Maurice, who teachescommercial subjects in the high schoolat Morris, Illinois, is an active workerin the National Commercial TeachersFederation.Julia J. Mele, stenographer andbookkeeper, is living at 5054 AinslieSt., Chicago.1932Now an elementary teacher at theWashington School in Kalamazoo,Michigan, Leona Baldwin studied thispast summer at Columbia University.Dorothy A. Brosi, AM'34, has beenteaching in the Elementary School otthe University of Chicago for sometime. Previously she taught at theState Normal School at Bellingham,Washington.Claudia Dorland is enjoying herteaching work at the Summit Schoolof St. Paul, Minnesota.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 31DELEGATE ELEVATOR MAINTENANCERESPONSIBILITY TO WESTINGHOUSEWestinghouse Elevator Maintenance Contracts carry advantages and savingsthat warrant your time for inquiry. While Westinghouse engineers completelyrelieve you of the care of elevators, their constant watchfulness anticipatesimportant needs of the elevators amounting to large savings over a period ofyears. The equipment is kept in a renewed condition at all times. Interruptedservice for replacement of parts or repairs is avoided. Accurate elevator maintenance budgets can be established, and the elevators will be operating at highefficiency, giving their best service continually. As a nation-wide organization,Westinghouse is completely set up to offer every type of elevator maintenancecontract and at low cost. Get in touch with any Westinghouse representative.WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC ELEVATOR COMPANYMerchandise Mart — Chicago Telephone Superior 7878DELEGATE ELEVATOR MAINTENANCERESPONSIBILITY TO WESTINGHOUSEWestinghouse Elevator Maintenance Contracts carry advantages and savingsthat warrant your time for inquiry. While Westinghouse engineers completelyrelieve you of the care of elevators, their constant watchfulness anticipatesimportant needs of the elevators amounting to large savings over a period ofyears. The equipment is kept in a renewed condition at all times. Interruptedservice for replacement of parts or repairs is avoided. Accurate elevator maintenance budgets can be established, and the elevators will be operating at highefficiency, giving their best service continually. As a nation-wide organization,Westinghouse is completely set up to offer every type of elevator maintenancecontract and at low cost. Get in touch with any Westinghouse representative.WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC ELEVATOR COMPANYMerchandise Mart — Chicago Telephone Superior 7878Fernand de GueldrePhotographer to Hotel StevensWabash 0532Mary GardenLynn FontanneChaliapinAmelia EarhartVincent BendixStuart ChaseFrederick StockAs low as 3 for $9.50 Jane AddamsHYDE PARK MOTOR SALES, INC.5442 Lake Park Ave. Dorchester 2900Service on all modelChrysler DeSoto Dodge PlymouthCars"We specialize in greasing the above cars for only 45 cents.Myra R. Hardy is principal of theRoosevelt School, Arkansas City, Kansas.John V. Healy, librarian for theDepartment of Education of Boston, isa very successful writer and poet.Margaret E. Hill is now a seniorcaseworker, supervising at the Woodlawn office of the Chicago Relief Administration. From September to January she was head of their intake department. Her former W. A. A. interest has been carried over by affiliatingwith the Prairie Club and she is on thecommittees in charge of the Palos Parkand Tremont lodges.Fritz Leiber, Jr., has been workingin films. You may have seen him asone of the minor characters in Camille,with Greta Garbo.Byron S. Lippman is with the Victor Adding Machine Agency of St.Louis in the capacity of an agent.H. C. (Curley) Wilson, ex, becameAssociate Technical Advisor in the Bu-leau of Public Assistance of the SocialSecurity Board at Washington, D. C,January 1st. The title doesn't seem solong when Wilson, with his naturalmodesty, says it, but the position is arecognition of ability. Wilson was formerly State Director of Transient Relief Service in New Mexico.1933Dorothy Schye Betts (Mrs. Theon)has for two years been directing theNursery School at the Chicago NormalCollege.Helen E. Kirtland is a teacher inthe Elkhart High School, Elkhart, Ind.Molly Mason is a teacher in theNursery School of St. George's Schoolfor Child Study, University of Toronto,and is assistant to Professor W. E.Blatz.Leo D. Ovson is the Chicago production manager of the Ovson Egg Company, the second largest company engaged in the frozen canned egg industry. He has written an article entitled"Freezing the Freshness and Goodnessin Eggs" which has been accepted bythe U. S. Chamber of Commerce forpublication in the May issue of the Na- Ltion's Business Magazine. The FoodIndustries Magazine, a McGraw-Hillpublication engaged in presenting newsin the field of food production, willpiobably publish his article on "TheUse of Uniforms and Laundry in theProduction Process" in the next two orthree months and has requested him toturn out a story of the latest developments in -the frozen egg industry.C. L. Thompson, Jrv has recentlvbeen appointed assistant treasurer andassistant secretary of General Houses,fnc, 620 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago, a leader in the pre-fabricatedhouse industry. His wife, DorothyDiemer, '33, is secretary to the SpaceBuyer of J. Walter Thompson Company. TEACHERS' AGENCIESAlbert Teachers1 Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoEstablished 1885. Placement Bureau for menand women in all kinds of teaching positions.Large and alert College and State Teachers* College departments for Doctors and Masters: fortyper cent of our business. Critic and Grade Supervisors for Normal Schools placed every year inlarge numbers; excellent opportunities. Specialteachers of Home Economics. Business Administration. Music, and Art. secure fine positions throughus every year. Private Schools in all parts of thecountry among our best patrons: good salaries. Wei!prepared High School teachers wanted for city andsuburban High Schools. Special manager handlesGrade and Critic work. Send for folder today.PUBLISHERSBOOK MANUSCRIPTSWanted — All subjects, for immediate publication. Booklet sent free.Meador Publishing Co.324 Newbury St., Boston, Mass. AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. Jackson BoulevardChicagoA Bureau of Placement which limits itswork to the university and college field.It is affiliated with the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.Paul Yatesjf ates-Fisher Teachers' AgencjTEstablished 1906616 South Michigan Ave., ChicagoTHEHUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY25 E. JACKSON BLVD.Telephone Harrison 7793Chicago, III.Member National Associationof Teachers AgenciesWe Enjoy a Very Fine High School, NormalSchool, College and University PatronageMAGAZINE32 THE UNI VBONDSP. H. Davis, 'II. H. 1. Markham, 'Ex. '06R. W Davis, '16 W. M. Giblin,F. B. Evans, 'II '23Paul H. Davis & Co ¦MembersNew York Stock ExchangeChicago Stock Exchange10 So La Salle St. Franklin 8622BOOKSMEDICAL BOOKSof All PublishersThe Largest and Most Complete Stock andall New Books Received as soon as published. Come in and browse.SPEAKMAN'S(Chicago Medical Book Co.)Congress and Honore StreetsOne Block from Rush Medical CollegeCAFESMISS LINDQUIST'S CAFE5540 Hyde Park Blvd.GOOD FOOD— MODERATE PRICESA place to meet in large and small groups.Private card rooms.Telephone Midway 7809in the Broadview HotelCATERERJOSEPH H. BIGGSFine Catering in all its branches50 East Huron StreetTel. Sup. 0900- -090 1Retail Deliveries Daily and SundaysQuality and Service Since 1882CEMENT CONTRACTORSLET US DO YOURCEMENT WORKG. A. GUNGGOLLCOMPANYConcrete Contractors for 35 Years64 1 7 SO. PARK AVE.Telephone Normal 0434CHEMICAL ENGINEERSAlbert K. Epstein, '12B. R. Harris, *2IEpstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTel. Cent. 4285-6 ERSITY OF CHICAGOMrs. Kathleen Thayer Vaughn,SM'35, has a son, Michael, born in August, 1936. She is living in Northville,Michigan, where her husband is research associate in the Wayne CountyTraining School.1934Robert L. Eiger of 140 N. Dearborn,Chicago, is engaged in real estate brokerage and management.Thadene Hayworth is in the government civil service in Washington,3D. C.Ruth A. Heat, who has been teaching first grade until this year, is nowteaching second grade at the RaviniaSchool, Highland Park, 111.Elva R. Millard of 925 MontroseAve., Chicago, notifies us that she is acommercial teacher at the J. S. MortonSchool of Cicero.Mary Rockwell has for the pasttwo years been employed by the AbbottLaboratories as a research assistant intheir foods department.1935Clara R. Hadden tells us that sheteaches fourth grade at the HavenSchool, Evanston, 111.Esther C. Howes, AM'36, is nowcoaching the deaf oral students ofParker High School.1936Norman Davisson won a RhodesScholarship award last December.Martin J. Hanley is with Wilsonand Bennett, Chicago.Since graduation, Virginia New hasbeen working in institution economicsand is now in the Elementary SchoolLunchroom, at the University of Chicago.DOCTORS OFPHILOSOPHY1900William N. Logan, for many yearsstate geologist of Indiana and professorof Economic Geology at Indiana University, has retired because of ill health.1901Burton E. Livingston of JohnsHopkins University, has been elected tothe editorial board of Plant Physiologyfor a three-year period.1902Theodore C. Frye and Mrs. Frye ofSeattle, Washington, took a class of theUniversity of Washington on a camping field study in the mountains ofBritish Columbia and Montana duringthe past summer and expect to repeatthe trip this year. Dr. Frye is coauthor of Liverwort Flora of NorthAmerica, now in press.The fall Bulletin of John B. StetsonUniversity, edited by Dean Charles G.Smith, consists of a collection of papersof Warren Stone Gordis, professor ofEnglish, and is entitled "Some Fundamental Values." 1905Professor H. I. Schlesinger of theUniversity of Chicago's Department ofChemistry spoke at Wright Junior College recently on the subject "HowMolecules React."1906Major William R. Blair, '04, islocated at Fort Monmouth, OceanportNew Jersey, where he is director of theSignal Corps Laboratories for theUnited States Army.William Crocker, director of theBoyce Thompson Institute for PlantResearch, Yonkers, New York, recentlyreceived an award from the ColumbiaGraduate School Alumni Associationfor his "outstanding contributions tothe human race."William R. Longley, '03, SM'05, isprofessor of math in the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale University.1914Elton J. Moulton, '08, professor ofMathematics and dean of the graduateschool at Northwestern University, wasrecently banqueted in recognition of histwenty-five years of service on Northwestern University's faculty.1915L. C. Snider is completing his fourthyearly term as editor of the AmericanAssociation of Petroleum Geologists.He continues his work with the CitiesService Company.1916F. E. Denny of Boyce Thompson Institute is vice-president and chairmanof Section G of the A. A. A. S. andalso treasurer of the Botanical Societyof America.For many years Emery R. Hayhursthas been consulting industrial hygien-ist with the Ohio State Department ofHealth. He has been consultant in occupational diseases for the Ohio Department of Health, consulting hygien-ist for the U. S. Public Health Service, and president of the American Section of the International Congress onOccupational Diseases. Travel, horticulture, the press, and good reading arehis recreations.Earl E. Sherff, of the ChicagoNormal College, has been appointed honorary research associate in economicbotany on the staff of the Field Museumof Natural History, "in recognition andappreciation of valuable services andcooperation that he has given to theinstitution for many years."Earle Eubank, head of the department of Sociology at the University ofCincinnati, is on the editorial staff ofthe American Journal of Sociology andthe Journal of Sociology and SocialResearch. Camping and fishing constitute his favorite diversions.1917John T. Buchholz spent a portionof the past year in California engagedin the study of the Sequoias. A portionof his results was presented before ameeting of the National Academy, atChicago.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 33Charles E. Decker, AM'09, of theDepartment of Geology of the University of Oklahoma reports that he hassecured a Parkes-Lapworth microscopefrom England for the study of grap-tolites. This is the second such microscope in the United States.John K. Knox, research geologistfor Phillips Petroleum Company, Bar-tlesville, Okla., is carrying on researchmainly on structural problems of thecentral Great Plains and Rocky Mountain areas.H. R. Kraybill has been elected vice-president of the Association of OfficialAgricultural Chemists. He is alsochairman of the Division of Agricultural and Food Chemistry of the American Chemical Society.1918Rodney B. Harvey is on a year'sleave of absence from the University ofMinnesota to take charge of the FloridaCitrus Research Laboratory at Dune-din, Florida. The laboratory is designedto carry on a program of basic researchin biological and chemical problems ofhandling and processing citrus fruitsand their products. Dr. Harvey wasalso elected president of the AmericanSociety of Plant Physiologists for thevear 1936-37.1919Ralph W. Chaney, '12, chairman ofthe Department of Paleontology at theUniversity of California, spent lastsummer in research in Alaska. Thissummer he is again to study in Asiaunder the auspices of the Carnegie Institution.Merle C. Coulter, '14, professor ofBotany at the University of Chicago,and Stephen C. Visher, '09, PhD' 14,professor of Geography, Indiana University, are to be visiting professors inthe summer session of the Universityof British Columbia, Vancouver, thissummer.Arthur W. Haupt, associate professor of Botany at the University ofCalifornia at Los Angeles, spent thepast summer at Vancouver, Canada, asa member of the teaching staff of theUniversity of British Columbia.L. J. Stacy of Caldwell, New Jersey, is the author of an article entitled"Vacuum Tube Improves SelectiveRinging" in the December issue of BellLaboratories Record. Mr. Stacy describes new apparatus developed fornse on four-party selective ringing circuits. This apparatus involves the useof a new Neon vacuum tube whichtakes the place of both the relay andcondenser formerly found in subscribertelephone sets. The new tube gives better operating conditions with loweroriginal cost and decreased maintenanceexpense.Stacy entered the Systems Development Department of Bell TelephoneLaboratories in 1919. He has beenconcerned with ringing and tone studiesand other special technical problems inthe local central office laboratory, andnow supervises a group devoted to thiswork. Aravilla M. Taylor, of Lake ErieCollege, Painesville, Ohio, had a fieldclass on her farm in the Catskill Mountains during the past summer.1920In connection with his studies ofEarly Man in America, Paul MacClintock, '12, of Princeton Universityspent two seasons on the Pleistoceneand Recent geology of western Nebraska and South Dakota. Strati-graphical problems of loess depositsand varied sediments are also beinginvestigated by MacClintock.As State Geologist of Virginia, Arthur Bevan is writing a Geology ofVirginia and other Survey publicationsin addition to his administrative workand field work in the Hot Springs district and other areas.1921Leverett S. Lyon, executive vicepresident of the Brookings Institutionhas recently written a volume, The Economics of Open Price Systems, and waslast June elected national president ofPhi Kappa Psi. His son, Richard, is ajunior at Chicago and his son David isa freshman at Bucknell. For recreation,Lyon plays golf and works on a smallfarm on which he lives.1922Last spring appeared U. S. G. S.Bulletin 852, by D. Jerome Fisher, '17,SM'20, of the University of Chicago'sDepartment of Geology, on the coal ofthe Book Cliffs of Utah east of Sunny-side; the manuscript on general stratigraphy still gathers dust at Washington.During the year Dr. Fisher publishedpapers on the dating of the time oicoalification, and on carbon ratios northof the Ouachitas. Another article, illustrated with colored charts, dated pe-ti oleum production prior to 1935 fromthe geologic point of view; a paperwith E. H. Stevens on the building ofnuclear structure models is slated forearly publication in the American Mineralogist. During the first part of thesummer the Fisher family of five toured10.000 miles from Big Bend to Glacier,lived in tents, and enjoyed themselvesimmensely. The rest of the summer wasspent in preparing a report on the Wilmington, Illinois, Quadrangle.O. E. Meinzer calls our attention tothe fact that he has now completednearly 25 years' work for the U. S.Geological Survey as Geologist incharge of the Division of GroundWater. At present he is collaboratingwith others on a volume of Hydrologyfor the Physics of the Earth series ofthe National Research Council.B. Coleman Renick, SM'20, has accepted a position as chief geologist withthe Phillips Drilling Company in SanAntonio, Texas.In his work as State Geologist ofSouth Dakota, E. P. Rothrock reportsthat he has been kept busy trying tofind water for a thirsty land. He is author of a report of investigation entitled "Artesian Conditions in West-Central South Dakota." COALJAMES COAL CO.ESTABLISHED 1888YARDS58th & Halsted Sts. Phone Normal 280081st & Wallace Sts. Phone Radcliffe 8000COFFEE -TEALa Touraine Coffee Co.IMPORTERS AND ROASTERS OFLA TOURAINECOFFEE AND TEA209-13 MILWAUKEE AVE., CHICAGOat Lake and Canal Sts.Phone State 1350Boston — New York — Philadelphia— -SyracuseELECTRIC SIGNSFEDERAL NEONSIGNS•FEDERAL ELECTRIC COMPANYCLAUDE NEON FEDERAL CO.8700 South State Street•W. D. Krupke, '19Vice-president in Charge of SalesEMPLOYMENT BROKERSA. J. McCOYAND ASSOCIATES, INC.140 So. Dearborn, Chicago• • •In seeking a position ourservice is specialized; itis restrictedFENCESANCHOR POST FENCE CO.Ornamental Iron — Chain Link —Rustic WoodFences for Campus, Tennis Court,Estate, Suburban Home or Industrial Plant.Free Advisory Service and EstimatesFurnished333 N. Michigan Ave.Telephone ST Ate 5812FLOWERSjm*.^** mi A ^ CHICAGO®&r Established 1865QJ/j^ FLOWERSPhones Plaza 6444, 64451364 East 53rd StreetTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEFUNERAL DIRECTORH. D. LUDLOWFUNERAL DIRECTORFine Chapel with New Pipe OrganSEDAN AMBULANCETel. Fairfax 28616110 Cottage Grove Ave.GALLERIESO'BRIEN GALLERIESPaintings Expertly RestoredNew life brought to treasured canvases. Our moderate prices will please.Estimates given without obligation.673 North MichiganSuperior 2270 GROCERIESLEIGH'SGROCERY and MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: Hyde Park 9100-1-2QUALITY FOODSTUFFSMODERATE PRICESWE DELIVERHOTELS"Famous for Food"Dancing and EntertainmentNightlyCircular CRYSTAL Barthe BREVOORT hotel120 W. Madison St. ChicagoLAUNDRIESMorgan Laundry Service, Inc.2330 Prairie Ave.Phone Calumet 7424Dormitory ServiceSUNSHINE LAUNDRYCOMPANYAll ServicesDry Cleaning2915 Cottage Grove Ave.Telephone Victory 5110THEBEST LAUNDRY andCLEANING COMPANYALL LAUNDRY SERVICESAlsoZoric System of Cleaning- : - Odorless Quality Cleaning - : -Phone Oakland 1383 Paul B. Sears has been on partialleave of absence from the University ofOklahoma serving as Research Associate, Committee on Improvement ofScience Teaching, Columbia University.Tn this connection he has lectured in anumber of places during the past autumn and has been invited to take partin a symposium at the meeting of thePhiladelphia Academy of NaturalSciences in March. He has recentlyreceived a prize of $2500 awarded bvthe Book-of-the-Month Club for hisbook, Deserts on the March.In continuation of his studies of submarine canyons Francis P. Shepardreports^ the recent discovery of somesubmarine salt domes and also new evidence of large horizontal movementsoff the California coast. He is a member of the faculty of the University ofIllinois.Grace A. Stewart is working onthe bryozoa unit of the illustrated Catalogue of Devonian Invertebrates. Amember of the Ohio State Universityfaculty, she spent the past summer inOttawa, Canada.1923George B. Cressey, SM'21, plans tospend the summer and fall of 1937 inthe^ Soviet Union, attending the International Geological Congress and traveling widely in Siberia and Turkestan.He heads the department of Geologyand Geography at the University ofSyracuse.A preliminary geologic map of theState of Washington, scale 1:500,000,in colors, has been published under thesupervision of Harold E. Culver of theDepartment of Conservation and Development of the State of Washington.Director George R. Poage of theDepartment of History in the TexasState College for Women, has written apolitical biography of Henry Clay from1840^ to his death in 1852, analyzingClay's qualities and methods as a leader ;his employment of "practical" politics,his personal relations with his associates and antagonists ; his means of reconciling Kentucky state politics and national policies and strategy; and his attempts at sectional combinations. Thisvolume, Henry Clay and the WhigParty, was published recently by theUniversity of North Carolina Press.Head of the Department of Educationand Psychology at Huntingdon College,Montgomery, Alabama, T. H. Schuttetells us that he has a text on teachingthe social studies in secondary schoolswell under way.1924Margaret F. Boos, SM'19, was recently appointed associate professor ofGeology and is in charge of the newlyorganized Department of Geology andGeography of the University of Denver.She spent the summer with her husband, C. Maynard Boos/21 SM'24, inthe Texas Gulf coast areas and is nowcontinuing her research on the Colorado Front Range.Lorimer V. Cavins, of Baltimore, isworking with the American YouthCommission as specialist in charge of the educational aspect of the MarylandStudy.Arthur C McFarlan is engagedin preparing a report sponsored by theState Planning Board on the geologyand mineral resources of KentuckyFrank A. Melton of the Universityof Oklahoma had a leave of absencefrom March to September of this yearto do research work on "dune formsand dune history of the High Plains'*for the Soil Conservation Service.Although most of his time is devotedto teaching and administrative work ashead of the department of geology 0fthe University of Colorado, P. QWorchester is working on certainproblems of the pre-Cambrian geologyand physiography of the Front Rangein Colorado.1925Lawrence F. Athy is in charge ofthe Continental Oil Company's geophysical operations, located in PoncaCity, Oklahoma. He also serves on acommittee of three who direct all landsand explorational activities for Continental.Charles H. Behre, Jr., '18, professor of Geology at Northwestern University, has been granted a Guggenheim Fellowship for the comparativestudy of lead and zinc deposits.The Department of Geology recentlyleceived this reply to the questionnairesent out asking for information fromEarl C. Case (University Museum,Ann Arbor, Mich.) : "I am busy running the department and teaching, aswell as digging bones out of one holeand dragging them into another whereI can growl over them."1927Theodore A. Link, '18, is in chargeof the geological work of the ImperialOil Company in western Canada. Thecompany is developing the west flankcrude oil possibilities of the TurnerValley structure.Another alumnus of the Departmentof Geology is planning to attend theInternational Geological Congress inRussia next summer. John T. Starkof Northwestern University is on leaveof absence this year, studying the geology of some of the Society Islands andmaking a trip around the world.J. Marvin Weller, '23, is preparinga new geological map of Illinois forthe Illinois State Geological Survey.He also has a monograph on AmericanCarboniferous Trilobites nearly readyfor publication.1929Carl C. Branson, of Brown University, spent the summer in old Mexico.He is working on the Carboniferousstratigraphy and paleontology of theRocky Mountains.Robert E. Landon, '26, consultinggeologist, Colorado Springs, is doinggeological work for mining companiesand is making mine examinations inthe gold and silver districts of Colorado,such as Cripple Creek, Alma, CentralCity, and Caribou in Boulder County.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 35Recently chosen praetor of theFastern Province of Phi Beta Pi,-pDWARD Larson is a staff member ofthe Medical School of Temple Univer-sjty located in Philadelphia. He isassistant professor of Pharmacology."Remedial and Corrective Instructionin Reading," is one of the recent publications of James M. McCallister,AM'22, Director of Personnel Serviceand Registrar, Herzl City Junior College, Chicago. Additional publicationsinclude a chapter entitled, "The Content of High School Courses in the Natural Sciences as Revealed by an Analysis of Textbooks" in a recent bookby Professor Judd, Education as Cultivation of the Higher Mental Processes,and an article in the Chicago SchoolsJournal last September.1930Warren D. Bowman, AM'22, recently published a pamphlet entitled,"Preparation for Marriage and HomeLife." He heads the department of Education and Psychology at Juniata College, Huntingdon, Pennsylvania.Jessie V. Coles is on leave of absencefrom the University of Missouri forwork in the Economics Division of theBureau of Home Economics in Washington. Miss Coles will teach at theUniversity of California at Berkeleynext summer.Erling Dorf of Princeton University is engaged in research on UpperCretaceous stratigraphy and paleobotany in the Rocky Mountain area.Roland Wendell Harrison, SM'25,instructor at Washington University,is carrying on his medical research andhas written a number of papers thathave been published in scientificjournals.Malvin G. Hoffman, '18, SM'20, isin Tulsa, Oklahoma, working for theMidco Oil Corporation, where he isengaged in solving stratigraphic problems by means of petrography. Hisbrother, Arnold D. Hoffman, is working for an oil company in Houston,Texas.Edwin S. Lide, AM'26, Englishteacher at the Sullivan High School,published an article on "The SocialComposition of Chicago's Junior College Population," in the School Reviewfor November.The present title of Harmon Low-man is superintendent of the GooseGreek School District and president ofLee Junior College, Goose Creek,Texas.t Edward James McShane holds thetitle of professor of Mathematics at theUniversity of Virginia.C. Arthur Messick, formerly of theUniversity of Florida, is now locatedm McKenzie, Tennessee. Messick isteaching at Bethel College.1931In addition to his teaching duties atthe University of Idaho, Alfred L. Anderson is preparing reports on the lodedeposits of the Boise Basin and on the gold of the Atlanta District, both forthe U. S. Geological Survey. The Andersons are building a home in Moscow,Idaho.Irma H. Gross, '15, AM'24, was onleave of absence from Michigan StateCollege the second semester of last yearto serve as regional director in the east-central area of the study of family expenditures in rural communities that isbeing made under the supervision of theBureau of Home Economics. Duringthe summer Miss Gross visited herfather, who now resides in Hungary.Perry G. E. Miller, '28, is a professor at Harvard University.H. C. Witherington, '20, AM'25, isnow developing two graduate coursesalong with his undergraduate courses atBowling Green State University.Ruth Glidden Mason, SM'28, isteaching Mathematics at the University of Illinois this year.Tsu-Kiang Yen has accepted an appointment in the Department of Biology, Honan University, Kaifeng, Ho-nan, China.George E. Ziegler, '29, SM'30, isnow assistant professor of Physics atArmour Institute of Technology andis also a member of the staff of thenew research foundation of Armour, incharge of the x-ray projects.1933Ruth Cowan Clouse, '18, SM'22,who had the misfortune to be obligedto take a good share of last year off onaccount of illness, is back in her position with the Council on Foods of theAmerican Medical Association.Charles A. Hoffman, professor ofBiology, Teachers College, Minot,North Dakota, was married on August15, 1936, to Miss Ruth Hannah of Mt.Pleasant, Iowa.Elam J. Anderson reports recognition by the Association of AmericanUniversities of Linfield College of whichhe is president.Emil K. Holzhauser, Chaplain forthe U. S. Army, is now stationed atCarrollton, 111.1935Margaret Brainard is teaching atthe University of Missouri for the second semester.H. A. Ireland is doing research onthe causes, rates, and amount of gullying and sheet erosion in the Piedmontarea for the Soil Conservation Service.He is making a contour map of the so-called "Lyell Gully" near Millidgeville,Georgia, which Sir Charles Lyelldescribed in 1842. Ireland is at presentin Spartanburg, S. C.William B. Kramer, '21, SM'24, isworking for the National Park Servicein the Central Mineral Region ofTexas.Rhey Boyd Parsons, '17, AM'23,is associate professor of Education and LITHOGRAPHERL C. Mead '21. E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph — Offset — Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabash 8182MEDICAL EQUIPMENTCOMPLETE EQUIPMENTInstruments, Sundries and FurnitureforPhysicians, Dentists and HospitalsFrank S. Betz CompanyHammond, IndianaChicago Phone: Saginaw 4710MUSICMANUSCRIPT PAPER— SPEED WRITING50 Double sheets — 12 lines— Regular size, 200 pages;$1 00. Send today.WM. R.BULLOCKMusic Engraver — Printer420 N. La Salle St., ChicagoSuperior 2420Rayner Dalheim &CoENGRAVERS & PRINTERSof FRATERNITY,SORORITYand UNIVERSITYof CHICAGO SONG BOOKSNO 0RDERT00 LARGE ORT0O SMALL - WRITE FOR PRICES2054 W.LAKE ST. PHONE SEELEY 4710PAINTERSGEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3 1 86E. STEWART FEIGHINC.PAINTING — DECORATING5559 TelephoneCottage Grove Ave. Midway 4404PHOTOGRAPHERMOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF QUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago . . State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C. ALUMNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE36 THE UNIPLASTERINGHOWARD F. NOLANPLASTERING, BRICKandCEMENT WORKREPAIRING A SPECIALTYllll East 55th StreetTelephone Dorchester 1579ROOFINGGrove Roofing Co.(Gilliland)Old Roofs Repaired— New Roofs Put On25 Years at 6644 Cottage G rove Ave.Lowest Prices — Estimates FreeFairfax 3206RUGSAshjian Bros., inc.Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED2107 E. 71st St. Phone Dor. 0009TAXIDERMISTSGEORGE D. HESSERTAXIDERMISTGAME HEADS — ANIMALS — FISH —BIRDSArtistically Mounted1315 S. Kostner Ave.Telephone Lawndale 2750VENTILATINGThe Haines CompanyVentilating and Air ConditioningContractors1929-1937 West Lake St.Phones Seeley 2765-2766-2767X-RAY SUPPLIESX-RAY SUPPLIES& Accessories"At Your Service9Tel. Seeley 2550-51Geo. W. Brady & Co.809 So. Western Ave. superintendent of £he DemonstrationSchool at Florida State College forWomen at Tallahassee.Gordon Rittenhouse, '32, SM'33,of the Soil Conservation Service isstudying recent sedimentary deposits inan effort to determine the extent andrates of deposition on flood plains fromaccelerated erosion of adjacent uplands.He is at present located in Meridian,Miss.Lewis C. Robinson, '23, SM'24, isassociate professor of Geology at theUniversity of Kentucky.1936, "Frank A. Beu, 934 Second Street,Charleston, 111., is dean of EasternIllinois State Teachers College. Twoof his recent publications are "An Introduction to Education," ChristopherPublishing Company and "Aids forBeginning Teachers."Essie White Cohn is acting chairman of the Program and PublicationsCommittee of the Colorado- WyomingAcademy of Science. She is also chairman of the chemistry section of theAcademy and her husband chairman ofthe physics section. The tenth annualmeeting of the Academy was held atthe University of Denver, November27-28. Mrs. Cohn presented at thismeeting a report of the "Diastatic Activity of Rat Saliva" — work on whichwas begun at the University of Chicago in the summer of 1935.Terence C. Holmes has joinedRobert Thomson, PhD, in work forthe Winoga Mines. They are bothlocated at Pickle Crow P. O., Ontario.Mrs. Holmes is in Vancouver, whichis their permanent home.Edward C. H. Lammars is associated with the Department of Geologyat Washington and Lee University. Inaddition to his teaching work, he iscarrying on a study of the western partof the Blue Ridge.W. B. Mather has been prospectingfor gold in the Trout Lake area ofnorthwestern Ontario.Una Robinson of Indiana Universityis a home economics professor.LAW1913In addition to his law practice,George M. Conner, JD, 606 Dan Waggoner Building, Fort Worth, Texas,finds time to act as chairman of theFarrant County Civil Service Board,president of the Fort Worth and Far-rant County Bar Association, and amember of the Board of Education,Fort Worth Independent School District, to say nothing of playing golfafter office hours.1914Samuel Hirsch, '12, JD, lawyer,lives at 4830 Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago. 1915John P. McGalloway, JD, writesfrom 104 South Main Street, Fond duLac, Wisconsin, where he is engao-e(jin the general practice of law. Hischildren, John Peter, William D., andMary are now thirteen, ten and fiveyears of age.1916Mack E. Gillis, JD, is a salesmanfor the Commercial Investment TrustCompany of Philadelphia, Pa.1917For over fifteen years, John C.Flanikan, JD, has been secretary-treasurer of the Smith Lumber Company of Memphis, Tenn. He has twosons, John, Jr., 15, and James, 8, andone daughter, Mary Leone, 11.1921Harold P. Huls, '17, JD, City Attorney of Pasadena, California, has beenelected Commodore of the Lake Arrowhead Yacht Club for the ensuing year.Anthony A. Olis, '19, JD, attorneyat law, is a member of the firm of Olis,Vasalle and Lapiuskas, with offices at134 North LaSalle Street, Chicago.J. Ernest Wilkins, JD, lawyer, hashis offices at 180 West WashingtonStreet, Chicago'. He is an enthusiasticgolfer.1922John F. O'Toole, LLB, is a masterin chancery at the present time. Theaddress of his office is 7 South Dearborn Street, Chicago.Foster A. Parker, '18, JD, has beenpracticing law in Chicago since 1922and is now a member of the firm ofTaylor, Cuttone, Partridge and Parker,140 North Dearborn Street, Chicago.1923Ernest Kentwortz, '20, JD, is practicing law in Chicago as a member ofthe firm of Loehr and Kentwortz, 7South Dearborn. His son is now sixyears old.1924Delvy T. Walton, JD., a Los Angeles attorney-at-law, has his offices inSuite 920, of the Security Title Insurance Building, located at 530 WestSixth Street.1926A member of the Chicago law firmof Frisch and DeHaan, 134 North LaSalle Street, Abel J. DeHaan, '25, JD,is engaged in the active practice of lawin the real estate field, including building reorganization and foreclosure.Attorney Maurice R. Marchello,'24, JD, in general practice, representsthe Italian government in the Chicagoarea. From 1931-33 he was attorneyfor the State Treasurer, and from 1933-34 attorney for the State Auditor. Hispresent offices are located at 155 NorthTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 37Clark Street, Chicago. His son, Mauricet is now seven years old.1927Maurice H. Kamm, '25, JD, 33North LaSalle Street, Chicago, specializes in real estate law.1928Leon A. Kotosky, JD., has been acting as assistant county attorney for ElPaso, Texas, since May, 1935.Martin Solomon, "26, JD, Chicagoattorney, gets a lot of enjoyment out ofhis hobby — photography.1929During office hours, Lawyer C. A.Caplow, '28, JD., may be found inRoom 700 at 10 North Clark Street,Chicago.David Freedkin, '27, JD, continueshis law practice at 160 North LaSalleStreet, Chicago.Curry J. Martin, LLB, 4826 Dorchester^ Avenue, Chicago, tells us thathe carries on a general law practice.1930Alec E. Kollenberg, LLB, carrieson his work as life insurance counselorfrom 111 West Washington Street,Chicago.George B. Pidot, '29, JD, is nowengaged in the law business in NewYork.1931E. L. Gordon, '29, JD, attorney atlaw, was admitted to the Illinois Bar in1931. He lives at 4940 East End Avenue, Chicago.Frederic W. FIeineman, JD, lawyer,is associated with Miller, Gorham,Wales and Adams, of Chicago.Gilbert A. Siegel, '29, JD, Chicagoattorney-at-law, resides at 422 ForrestAvenue, Wilmette, 111.Football and golf are the favoritesports of Bernard Yedor, '30, JD, of7525 Essex Avenue, Chicago, who ispracticing general law.1932Daniel L. Bernstein, '30, JD, attorney-at-law, has his offices at 33 NorthLaSalle Street, Chicago.Harry Marcus, '31, JD, labor attorney for electrical workers, 100 NorthLaSalle Street, Chicago, turns to horseback riding and swimming for recreation.1933William B. Basile, '31, JD, is ajunior partner of the Chicago law firmof Johnson, Swanstrom and Wiles., Heresides in Berwyn.1935Meyer Lipschultz, '34, JD, is another Chicago lawyer who may be foundat 134 North LaSalle Street.1936After completeing work in the LawSchool in March, 1936, T. Eugene Foster '34, JD, went to work as a lawclerk for Judge Samuel Alschuler of theu- S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago. He is now associated with Hop-«as, Sutter, Halls, and DeWolfe, 1N°rth LaSalle Street, Chicago. RUSH1891A recent financial upset has causedMilton H. Evans, MD, and his wife(the former Ada G. McAllister) tostart building up their fortune all overagain, writes this Rush graduate. Hisspecialty in practice is infectional diseases. His hobby is collecting geological proof that four ice ages occurredin the polar region. His children areliving in various parts of the country.Lieutenant F. E. Evans is at SantaBarbara and his brother Harvey is alsoin California. Both daughters, Lauraand Ellen, are married. Ellen has threesons. Dr. Evans' address is : Joplin,Missouri.Soon to be published is "Prairie duChien, French, English, and American."Its author is Peter Lawrence Scanlan, MD, who is also rather prominentin Democratic politics and in the RedCross, being listed in the CatholicWho's Who. His specialty is eye surgery and he is living in the Wisconsintown about which his coming book willspeak.1892From the start in his medical practice,better than forty years ago, Isaac O.Newell, MD, has been located at 526West National Ave., Milwaukee, Wisconsin.1894Fred C. Foley, MD, is president ofthe First National Bank of Newell,Iowa. He has been both a councilmanand mayor of his home town and alsopast president of the county medical society. He has three children.1897John F. Clark, MD, continues hisgeneral practice of medicine from hisLos Angeles office at 219 West 7thStreet.A number of articles on fresh watergame fish have been written by Carroll E. Cook, MD, of Chicago. Hewrites that he has also some very interesting movies of most of the betterfishing sections of the middle west, extending up to Canada. For twelve yearshe has headed the department of Roen-tenology at the Municipal TubercularSanitarium. He holds membership inthe national, state, and local medicalsocieties as well as in the national andlocal Roentenology associations.1900David Clare Budge, MD, writesfrom Logan, Utah, where he has hisoffice. His daughters, Rush Clare andRuth Ann Riter, are also living in thatcity. He is now chief of staff of theBudge Clinic and chief surgeon and director of the William Budge MemorialHospital. He also is president of theThatcher Brothers Banking Co., BudgeHolding Co., Union Knitting Mills Co.,and the Budge Land and Livestock Co.As a director he serves the First Security Corporation of Ogden (chain of for Economical TransportationChevrolet/SALES SERVICEJ. D. Levin '19 Pres.PASSENGER CARS - TRUCKSModern Service StationDREXEL CHEVROLET CO.4733 Cottage GroveDREXEL 3121CLOISTER GARAGECHICAGO PETERSENMOTOR LIVERYA PERSONAL SERVICEof Refinement, Catering to theUNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO5650 LAKE PARK AVE.Phone MIDWAY 0949HAIR REMOVED FOREVER17 Years' ExperienceFREE CONSULTATIONLOTTIE A. METCALFEGraduate NurseALSOELECTROLYSIS EXPERTMultiple 20 platinum needles can beused.Permanent removal of Hair from Face,Eyebrows, Back of Neck or any partof Body; destroys 200 to 600 Hair Rootsper hour.Removal of Facial Veins, Moles andWarts.Member American Assn. Medical Hydrology andPhysical Therapy and III. Chamber of Commerce$1.75 per Treatment for HairTelephone FRA 4885Suite 1705, Stevens Bldg.I 7 No. State St.38 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE30 banks), Hotels Eccles Co., and theRichmond (Utah) State Bank. Foreighteen years he has headed the UtahState Board of Medical Examiners. Heholds membership in the local, state and -national medical societies, heading thestate society in 1934-5. He is also amember of the American College ofSurgeons and the College of Dentists.Since 1910 P. Bruce Brockway hasbeen director of the health in Toledo(Ohio) schools. He has two sons, Bradford and Bruce, Jr. Organization memberships include the medical associations, local to national, Masons(32nd°), and the Knights of the Round-table, a luncheon organization of whichhe was president during '34 and '35.Hobby : stamps ; favorite recreation :boating; address: 2116 Orchard Road,Ottawa Hills Village, c/o Toledo.Aaron C. Conaway, MD, has beencommissioner of public health and threetimes mayor of Marshalltown, Iowa. Hehas also headed his county medical society three times and is a past councilor of the Iowa State Medical So-ciey. He is a Colonel in the 347th Medical regiment of the U. S. army reserveand commissioner for the insane inMarshall County. The specialty practiced is internal medicine and neurology. As for hobbies and recreation, heenjoys visiting antique auctions — withan eye to picking up some old mahogany — and in the fall and winter he findstime for a little hunting and wintersports.Surgeon Junius H. McHenry, MD,writes from New York City. His interests in golf and tennis are referred to,as well as his daughter Amy DuPuyMcHenry, who has just entered herearly twenties.Diseases of the chest is the specialtypracticed by Carl Mulky, MD, in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He is memberof the Board of Councillors of the statemedical association and vice-presidentof the state tubercular association.1901Fred L. Adair, MD, is professorand chairman of the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University. He holds membership in theA.M.A., American Gynecology Society,University Club, Quadrangle Club,Delta Upsilon, Nu Sigma Nu, andSigma Xi. He is also the author of several books.Coral A. Lilly, MD, is a memberof the research department of internalmedicine at the University of Michigan.John Carlos Petrovitsky, MD, isvice-president of the First Trust andSavings Bank of Cedar Rapids, Iowa.Gardening and fishing offer variety tohis program. Two years ago he remarried after 30 years as a widower.Chief of the obstetrical department ofthe Hollywood and Methodist Hospital,of Los Angeles, Moses H. Ross, MD,is a member of the staffs of several otherlocal hospitals. He is a past presidentof the Los Angeles Obstetrical and Gynecological Society and a past councillor of the Los Angeles County Medical Society. His daughter, EvelynTeague, is a graduate of the Universityof Southern California.1902George S. Allen, MD, is practicingdentistry in Mackinaw, Illinois. He hasthree children, Madge, Charles, andMerwin Allen.Hal S. Naramore, MD, is engagedin the administrative end of medicinein Seattle, Washington.George B. Lake, MD, writes fromHighland Park, 111. -He is editor andpublisher of the journal, "Clinical Medicine and Surgery." Last year he waspresident of the Chicago BookfellowClub. Lake is also doing considerableverse writing, having produced threevolumes, including An Apostle of Joy,Hilltops, and Eros and the Sage. Healso conducts an excellent practice inpsychiatry.Carl W. Slusser, MD, has retiredfrom active practice because of badhealth. He is secretary of the Arkansas State Medical Society and is residing in Green Forest.1903Josephine Jackson, MD, who received her degree from Rush MedicalCollege in April, 1903, was the firstwoman granted a diploma. Since 1904she has practiced in California, specializing in psychotherapy. The Centurycompany published her book, Outwitting Our Nerves, in 1921, and the enlarged and revised edition in 1932. Ithas sold up to January of this year108,000 copies. The D. Appleton-Century Company will release from thepress in late March her second book onpsychology from the medical standpoint,entitled Guiding Your Life, With Psychology as the Key. She is living at7817 Prospect Place, Lajolla, Calif.1906Charles McMartin, MD, was recently appointed head of the department of surgery at Creighton University Medical School. Formerly he wasprofessor and head of the department ofurology, and for the last year has beenacting head of the department of surgery. He has been on the faculty 26years. A fellow of the American College of Surgeons, a former president ofthe Douglas County Medical Society, heis now vice-president of the southwestern branch of the American UrologicalSociety. His son, Dr. W. J. McMartin,is also a member of the Creighton medical faculty in the department of urology.1907For the past seventeen years RoyBennett Adams, MD, has been secre-ary-treasurer of the Nebraska StateMedical Association. He is a fellow ofthe A. M. A. and holds membership inthe American Public Health Association, National Educational Association,and the Nebraska State Teachers Association. He likes gardening as a home "sport" and fishing when he has a couple of days to spare and the weatherpermits. He is a school physician andhis address is 2972 O Street, Lincoln.1908According to recent communicationfrom Olin Arvin Kimble, MD, he ispresident of the District Medical Association. He is living in Murdo, SouthDakota.1909In Los Angeles George W. Blather-wick, MD, is a member of the seniorstaff of the Methodist Hospital and ofthe courtesy staff of the CaliforniaLutheran Hospital. He holds membership in the county, state and Americanmedical associations. In 1912 he married Zay Burnham. Their son, Normanis a junior in the University of Southern California medical school. His favorite sport is football. Address himat 508 W. Santa Barbara Street, LosAngeles, Calif.1910Battling ill health, Darwin Delap,MD, writes that he is trying to proveon himself what modern medical sciencecan do, and is now still conducting unassisted his medical practice in Kansas City, Mo. As a nobbiest he is a"student of the occult." As a professional man, he is a member of the Jackson County Medical Society. In hisspare time he is writing a book on theuse of vaccines and another one on thesubject matter of his hobby. His son,Darwin, Jr., is 24 years old, and hisdaughter, Rosemary, is a student atKansas University. Write him at 3232Belief ontaine Avenue, Kansas City.1913The three sons of Herbert J.Movius, MD, are studying medicine atthe University of Southern California.Like so many of his associates he enjoys hunting and fishing as recreation.Address : 3875 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, Calif.1914Elven J. Berkheiser, MD, is associate clinical professor of Surgery (Orthopedics) at Rush and is a member ofthe Orthopedic staffs of Cook County,Presbyterian, Grant, and LutheranMemorial hospitals. He is a consultantto the Municipal Tubercular Sanitariumand the United States Public HealthService. Besides membership in all theregular medical societies he holds membership in the Chicago and Clinical Orthopedic Society, American Academyand American Board of OrthopedicSurgeons, and the Institute of Medicine. When the day's work is done, heenjoys a good game of bridge.1916Among other things, A. G. Bower,SM 14, MD, is a breeder of guppiesand polycanthus (tropical toy fish tothe layman). He is clinical professorof Medicine at the University of Southern California. Address : 1238 DorothyDrive, Glendale.As theyTHINKyou are 1 As youREALLYareAdvertisers are funny folks :They look at people in bunches and draw some amazingly inaccurateconclusions. They seem to think that a yachtsman goes to his office in bluecoat and white trousers, that a horseman wears spurs to keep his feet from1 rolling off his desk. Here's what they think about college graduates :They think all yourdaytime hours are spentyelling at footballgames.Never do you buy anautomobile.We've got to changethat notion.Are you going to buya car this year?If so, please tell us.They think you spendyour evening hours atclass reunions.You wouldn't think ofbuying an electricrefrigerator.Or would you?Please tell us.They think you spendyour vacations at Commencement get-togethers.You're not one of thepeople who go abroad.Or are you?If so, please tell us.It comes downto this:—This magazine is a good advertising medium but it is hard to convincethe advertiser of it. We are in competition with the big national magazinesthat spend hundreds of thousands of dollars a year on market investigations and research. The big fellows prove what they've got. We littlefellows must prove it too. The most convincing proof is definite statementsfrom our readers as to their intended purchases this year.We hate to be a nuisance. We realize fully that requests for informationof this sort are distasteful but we are most anxious to get advertising. Alladvertising revenue is plowed back to improve the magazine and thusredound to the prestige of our college.We appeal to your loyalty to fill out the adjoining prepaid questionnaire and^send it to us today. i My Purchasing Plans for 193 7I <oi Csjfowl* Unless seriously considering purchasing prod"ucts or services listed, please - don*f check.OUR ADVERTISERS ARE PRINTED IH TYPELIKE THIS, PLEASE FAVOR IF POSSIBLE.For My HomeElectric RefrigeratorD FRIGIDAIREQ KELVINATORa — -•~ D Air ConditioningI O Oil Burner? Wafer HeaterI Q Boiler Burner| I plan to Cf Build Other ProductsQ Coat StokerO Electric RangeQ Electric WasherG Electric IronerQ Buy Q Remodel in 1937I Q Send free booklet on KELVIN HOMEJiiQ Send free booklet on DELCO -PRIG ID AIRE Heating and Air' I I Conditioning Products.'i Careers for College Graduates• I A survey of average earnings of members of a class ten years' | after graduation showed insurance men at the top of the list.I Check here if interested in entering life insurance salesmanship:TP On commission basis D On fixed compensation basisI! Check here for a copy of the free booklet:D *' Insurance Careers for College Graduates"II s. For My FutureI J am interested in receiving information about:| O Investment Program for the Future ,Retirement Income PlanMonthly Income for my FamilyEducational Insurance for My ChildrenInheritance Tax InsurancePaaaaPersonal Property InsuranceU Please send me a free HOUSEHOLD INVENTORY BookletAutomobilesD Under $800 Q $80041200 ? $120042000 P Over $2000- illCHEVROLET P La Salle ? -Cadillac Q OLDSMOBILE D ~~CORD D Pontiac Q -Dodge & Packard a -AccessoriesGOODRICH TIRES p Battery „Used Cer trailer^,« frucJr.JTires Q Auto HeaterI p REMINGTONj p L. C. SMITH-CORONAI p _ Typewritersp PortableOffice mi Special OffersP NEWS WEEK— the illustrated News Magazine. Send me thenext 20 issues and bill for $1.00 (half the single copy price}.Special offer new subscribers only.-Send full details of special FREEI p FRANK BROTHERS* FREE Booklet, **Shoe Styles for Meit"p HEALTH RAT SUN LAMP-TRIAL. OFFER.NAMEADDRESS| CITY. STATE.I COLLEGE . CLASS.,| OCCUPATION (4)Tear out coupo/i¦ carefully alongdotted lines ' .Wease Fill Out //I j Other Side of //;/ .- This Coupon ; f ; Then fold formailing as indicatedon r^^r$4> side;|i__.,jMy Future Plans for I 9 3 i\Travel[ i$m considering y$ir*# the following travel lines m4 Services?O French Line OO miivn Line p,P Sita Freighters DD Sou. P*c> Ry* OP Chi* * H* W. Ry,GD Atl. Coast Ry. Op Powers Tours Q Carleton Tours Q Pinnacle limJames Boring O Mayflower HotelsUhIv, Travel Q pleasant I. LodgeFarley Agency P Hotel SeymourJohn G. Hall Q Can* PropertiesRudolph Bureau P .^^www^^«.„._„w_Temple Tears p ^-— -»* —Airlines: \ Am Considering Usfftg J Frortu- Q* American Airlines Q Pan American 1 To SLIT HERE0H« mmm| mm* ~BOP SwedenP SwitzerlandP So* AfricaP Nassau, D Bermuda O Powers $159 "Around America Toars"P West indiesP FloridaP New .EnglandP MexicoP Oregon ' O CaliforniaP Pacific Northwest -P National Parks :'- -P Yosemite ../i-vP TranscontinentalMY SCORE IN THE- QUIZ WASfold back: - — —>z5<-<v *5 O^-t4 r*-w rn £o <i>TO tl> rno $0*o sSL * *~D • 1—<T» ~ S2— S ^^ m~0 3 -o0» -O >5 *e§.¥»•O •'¦i' :* z :% m:!«•= ««,« .0!*¦¦^ m'=;"» i3r-• 8.*»• m^Z?<'?m.?r*-o!¥.-•sin-llllllllllllllll~* <mm , , ; fOl^p $ACK _ ^Private or Professional Schoolsz Sf* rns <5 <v /*> -n3< o 3k-* ?0— i >: £" n3 o OZ ,r- >~< tooD Cranbrook0 Franklin &Marshall0 GeorgeO HebronO Milford D NorthwoodP Roxbury*O WillistonGtrlsB$t* Anne'sSt* Catherine'sP Wheeler " Professional ,P Amer. Academy \of Dramatic Arts Jp Acting, Directing JPTeachers' Summer |Coarse -% > ID KatharineGibbsLast Year 1 Bought 'AUTOMOBILE'TIRES ^1. , ,. ..DEALERl.. INSURANCE ^REFRIGERATORTYPEWRITER , TRAVEL TO— -DEALER--AGENT_^.DEALER-J3EALER-Jf\A..„PRIVATE SCHOOL , JlH. 1TO MAIL: I ear outcoupon carefullyalong dotted lines.Open Slit B in topsection with knife«r sharp pencil. p.i Fold back top sec-1 tion. Fold back bot-I torn section. Insert• iniscoapon . tab A in slit BJ\ (CopyrjgM )ffl \ Ma-II without posW* Pat* Applied *\ age.I for) > \(A)Please Fill OutOther Side of ,This Coapon 1917As a member of the staffs of Deaconess, St. Mary's, and Marine hospitalsin Evansville, Indiana, John WilliamVisher, MD, is continuing his workas surgeon and urologist. He writesof his four sons, the oldest of whichis 15 and the youngest, 6.1918Robert Lee Kerrigan, MD, is livingat 913 Washington Street, MichiganCity, Indiana. He is a surgeon.1920Travel in Haiti, the study of itspeople and history provide outside interests to H. Binga Dismond, '17, MD,who is practicing physical therapy andworkmen's compensation in New York.His address is 245 W. 139th Street.1921This year Guy W. Carlson, MD, ispresident of the Outgamie County(Wisconsin) Medical Society and secretary of the seventh district of the Wisconsin Medical Society. He also holdsmembership in the A.M.A. and theAmerican College of Physicians. In1923 Guy married Alta B. Hicks andnow has two children. He is practicinginternal medicine in Appleton, Wis.Golf and fishing take care ofthe spare hours of Clarence B. Hat-leberg, MD, when not engaged in hispractice in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin.1922His hobby is architecture, writesHerman H. Huber, MD, who is practicing industrial-traumatic surgery inMilwaukee.1924Ernest R. Anderson, MD, is locatedin Minneapolis, Minn., where he carries on his surgical practice.1925William McHenry Swickard, MD,physician of Charleston, Illinois, waselected president of the Coles-Cumberland Medical Society in January.1927John H. Davis, MD, is practicingsurgery and medicine in Belle Fourche,South Dakota. Secretary-treasurer ofthe Black Hills District Medical Society, he is a director of the BelleFourche Commercial Club and directorof the local Lions Club. He is enthusiastic about aviation, owns and flies hisown plane, gets a kick out of farmingand raising stock, and is an ardent fisherman.1935Skin and its contents, of men, women,and children, is the specialty of HymanHeller, MD. He writes that he is interested in athletics in all forms and isa numismatist (coin-collector). He isliving in Webster, Mass.The first of this month Robert Sturgeon Westphal, MD, began his ear,nose and throat practice in Twin Falls]Idaho. 1936Kurt Lorin Jenkins, MD, has beenpracticing surgery and medicine f0rsome time in Marysvale, Utah.ENGAGEDDaniel L. Bernstein, '30, JD'32, toRosalind Levy; the wedding will be inthe early part of July.MARRIEDEleanor E. Petersen, '26, to JohnFrancis Conley, January 21, 1937; athome, 702 South 20th Street, QuincyIllinois. 'Faith Strayer, AM'29, to WendellR. Phillips, March 11, 1937, Tulsa,Oklahoma ; address, The Phillips RanchSand Springs, Okla.Betty Lou Perry, '33, to John Edwin Oliphant of Chicago, Bond Chapel.Zelda Rubenstein, '35, to Dr. ErnestT. Heffer, February 14, 1937, NewYork; address 1425 E. 23 St., BrooklynN. Y.BORNTo Charles A. Werner, AM'28, andMrs. Werner, twins, Samuel Alfred andFrances Anne, January 5, 1937, Chicago.To Mr. and Mrs. Charles F. Darlington, Jr. (Alice Benning, '29), ason, Charles Francis III, February 11,Washington, D. C.To Frederic W. Heineman, JD'31,and Mrs. Heineman, a son, Daniel, December 21, 1936, Chicago.To Mr. and Mrs. G. T. Nightingale(Alice A. Bailey, PhD'32), of Honolulu, a son, Thayer Glen Charles, onDecember 2, 1936.DIEDJ. E. Engstadt, MD'85, pioneer physician of Grand Forks, N. D., died February 19, at the age of 78.Orval J. Cunningham, MD'04,physician of East Cleveland, Ohio, diedFebruary 23, 1937.William E. Praeger, SM'04, for 29years professor and head of the Department of Biology at Kalamazoo College, died on August 13, 1936.Mrs. Anne Hough Blair, '07, diedFebruary 27, 1937, in Chicago. Shewas one time house manager of theChicago Commons.Lloyd Evans Wells, '13, a consulting geologist of Texas, Oklahoma, andMexico, died January 24, 1937, at theGeneral Hospital, Wichita Falls, Texas,after an illness of about five years.Lola Blanche Lowther, '15, forfifteen years a teacher at the LincolnHigh School of Cleveland, Ohio, diedMarch 2, 1937.Stephen Mills Archer, '16, ofMarion, Ohio, died February 18, 1937.Martha S. Engh, '18, of 602 NorthEast Avenue, Oak Park, Illinois, passedaway January 2, 1937.Roderick D. Hathaway, '22, JD'23,passed away at his old home in Ro-chelle, 111., on January 26, 1937. Hishealth had been failing for a numberof vears.VII.POST-GRADUATE QUIZ(Answers to the quiz on Page IV. offront advertising section)1. Ellis Island.2. Calvin Coolidge, Governor of Massachusetts, in Boston, in 1919.3. Cuneiform writing.4/ The hard skeleton of certain marinepolyps.5. The instalment plan.6. Belladonna, or one of its derivatives.7. "Every day in every way, I'm gettingbetter and better."8. The British soldier.9. (a) Massachusetts, (b) New Hampshire,(c) Iowa, (d) California, (e) Kentucky.10. A pagan.11. Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924).12. Gilbert Keith Chesterton.13. To determine the degree of intelligenceof the person tested.14. Pegasus.15. Old Dutch Cleanser.Please write your quiz score in space provided in coupon on facing page, and mail today.16. Clarence S. Darrow.17. Exempli gratia ("for example").18 From fasces (in Roman history, a bundle ofrods with an axe in the center, carried bya lictor as a sign of magisterial authority).19. The Bank of England.20. A wading bird of the heron family.21. Flax.22. Rustlers.23. He was President of Princeton University from 1902 to 1910.24. A person or an organization that for hireundertakes the conveyance of goods orpersons, inviting the employment of thepublic generally.25 Ivory Soap.£ni"eNEWS-WEEKv/*iTA em• Politics and strikes, dictators and thethreat of war . . . these are the causes oltoday's questions — the questions NEWSWEEK answers.• Accurate in its news facts, clarifying inits presentation, NEWS- WEEK, the illustrated news magazine, gives you an intelligent understanding of today's national andinternational events. 19 separate depart*ments and over 90 news-photographs eachissue ensure the completeness of that understanding.• NEWS- WEEK also takes pleasure in announcing a new feature — a page of penetrating comment upon events of the weekby Raymond Moley, former editor of Todayand now editor of NEWS-WEEK. ThusNEWS- WEEK, recently merged with TodayMagazine, brings you a new type Of newsMagazine . . . concise,, unbiased news of theweek plus an expert opinion on that news.• For special half price introductory offer7-20 weeks for $1— fill in the coupon onme opposite page. The broad kigkways of travel leadinfallibly to certain great cities andcertain great events. Tne grandeur ofa Coronation in London ... a brilliantInternational Exposition in Paris . . .exert their attraction on experiencedtravelers and neopkytes alike.But afterwards, wken tke captainsand tke kings depart, and wken youkave absorbed all tkat even a ParisExposition can offer, you will be wiseto leave tke beaten track. To visitsuck ancient cities as Cakors andMoissac, Perigord and Angouleme... to sleep in an inn 500 years old(but well scrubbed and well providedwitk succulent food and sound wine). . . brings you somekow near to tkeliving keart of France . . . and to a better understanding of tke Gallic spirit.And, in a Breton or Norman seaport, wken tke risking fleet comes in andtke wide-skouldered, keen-eyed sailors swing along tke quay, you understand more clearly tke tradition ofdiscipline and courage wkick kasmade possible tke Frenck Line fleet.Tkis is a good year to go abroad.Exckange is very favorable, and Exposition visitors benefit by specialiMi-'t^ To England and France direct,Is Ile de France, April 1, 24 reductions (50% on railroad tickets,for example). Ask your Travel Agentfor early reservations.610 FIFTH AVENUE (ROCKEFELLER CENTER). NEW YORK CITYand thus to all Europe: Normandie, April 14, 28• Paris, May 4 • Lafayette, April 7FLY ANYWHERE IN EUROPE VIA AIR-FRANCE(Please favor our advertisers when checking coupon facing this Page. Thank you — The Editor.)vin.FACTORYTO YOUNEW REMINGTON NOISELESSPORTABLEMONEY BACK GUARANTEE.10-DAY FREE TRIAL OFFERAT LAST! The famous Remington Noise-i. less Portable that speaks in a whisperis available for only 10^ a day. Here is youropportunity to get a real Remington Noiseless Portable direct from the factory.Equipped with all attachments that makefor complete writing equipment. Standardkeyboard. Automatic ribbon reverse. Variable line spacer and all the conveniences ofthe finest portable ever built. PLUS the*NOISELESS feature. Act now while thisspecial opportunity holds good. Send couponTODAY for details.YOU DON'T RISK A PENNYWe send you the Remington Noiseless Portable direct from the factory with 10 days'FREE trial. If you are not satisfied, sendit back. WE PAY ALL SHIPPINGCHARGES.GREATEST TYPEWRITERBARGAIN IN 10 YEARSImagine a machine thatspeaKS in a whisper . . .that can hardly beheard ten feet away.You can write in a library, a sick room, aPullman berth withoutthe slightest- fear ofdisturbing others. Andin addition to quiet itssuperb performanceliterally makes thewords seem to flowfrom the machine. Equipped with all attachments that makefor complete writingequipment, thejReming-ton Noiseless Portableproduces manifoldingand stencil cutting orexceptional character.Furnished in black withshining chromium attachments. Find outabout this special offerwithout obligationMail coupon today IFREE TYPING COURSEWith your New Remington Noiseless Portable we willsend you— absolutely FREE— a 19-page course in typing. It teaches the Touch System, used by all experttypists. It is simply written and completely illustrated.Instructions are as simple as A, B, C Follow thiscourse during the 10-Day Trial Period "we give you withyour typewriter and you will wonder why you ever tookthe trouble to write letters by hand. You will be surprised how easy it is to learn to type on the lightning-fast Remington Noiseless Portable,FREE CARRYING CASEAlso under this new Purchase Plan we will send youFREE with every Remington Noiseless Portable a special carrying case sturdily built of 3-ply wood. Thishandsome case is covered with heavy Du Pont fabric.The top is removed by one motion, leaving the machinefirmly attached to the base. This makes it easy to useyour Remington anywhere— on knees, in chairs, ontrains. Don't delay . . . send in the coupon for completedetails!SEND COUPON WHILE LOW PRICES HOLDRemington Rand Inc., Dept. 317-4315 4th Avenue, New York, N. Y.Please tell me how I can get a new Remington NoiselessPortable typewriter, plus FREE Typing Course andCarrying Case, for only 10c a day. Also send me, without obligation, new illustrated catalogue.City_ IN NATURE'S PATHA good deal of what we call invention isimitation of nature.The aeroplane is a man-made bird. Thesubmarine is a mechanical fish. The locomotivehas been called "The Iron Horse."So countless objects follow nature's patterns, and in the matter of mechanical principles there is little if anything that we knowwhich wise Old Mother Nature has not always practiced.What we admire in scientists and engineersis, then, not so much their ability to createthings essentially new, as their skill in searching out old but hidden principles, and theirremarkable ingenuity in applying these principles to new uses.There are very few more interesting- examples of this skill and ingenuity than themodern automobile.And there ^re very few more skilful "imitations of nature" than are represented in themany and varied functions performed by thethousands of pa'rts that go to make up amodern motor car.There is the basic function of movement.Hence, wheels, and the gearing of power intothe wheels.There is the function of changing directionof movement, and that of moving over varioussurfaces, on level ground, uphill and downhill.There is the necessary ability to stop movement. All these require such devices assteering apparatus, brakes and methods ofcontrolling power and speed.Then there is the function of carryingpassengers, and this involves supplementaryfunctions.One of them is to provide comfort for thepassengers ... to minimize the shocks oftravel which would otherwise result.Now nature, too, has had the problem ofproducing shockless movement. In the humanbody, for example, many devices are utilizedtoward this end.First, there is the soft padding of the solesof the feet — the cunning arrangement of thefoot arches — the manner in which the ankleis constructed. Next, comes that importantfactor — the structure of the knee. The easingof shock is also served in the fitting of thespine to hip bones, and thence to the legs; inthe miraculously efficient spinal column itselfwith its cushioning pads of cartilage betweenthe vertebrae/ in the manner of balancing ourheads on our spines; and finally, the musclesand tendons employed as an elaborate systemof springs and shock-absorbers.Now see how automobile constructionparallels nature's plan. The "foot-paddings"of our cars are their tires. The counterpart ofthe foot arches are the springs between axlesand frame. The self-adjusting nature of theankle is imitated in the universal joint. Rubber cushioning serves purposes similar to thecartilage pads between vertebrae. Shock absorbers have restraining effects like those ofmuscles and tendons.Only one major item of nature's provisionsis omitted from this list . . . that importantstructural joint we call the knee. And incertain cars, even this is present in the properly-named "Knee-Action."And so we have a partial glimpse of automobiles as "imitations of nature." Only partial, of course,( for cars must "eat," and carsmust "breathe." Cars must "speak" the warning of their approach. Cars must "see" wherethey are going. And stripped down to basicprinciples, the devices for accomplishing thesepurposes are surprisingly like the methods ofnature itsejf. The more we succeed in paralleling nature's methods, the better the car — -themore efficiently it performs the functions forwhich we prize it.In the automobile ... as in all matters ofmechanics . . . the job of the engineer is notso much to blaze new trails as to find his way. . . with the trained eye of the frontier scout. . . along the paths of nature. AROUND AMERICAENTIRE $1 CTO NOCOST A9Z7 EXTRASItinerary includesPan AmericanExpositionSan AntonioOld MexicoLos AngelesPasadena California's Santa MonicaBig Trees Santa CruzHollywood San FranciscoRiverside PortlandSeattleVancouverSteamer trip on Pacific OceanCanadian Rockies — Banff and Lake LouiseRound Trip Rail Ticket -— Pullman Sightseeing - • All meals — Hotels- Handling baggageOver 2000 enjoyed this marvelous vacationbargain last summerParties leave Chicago, Detroit and St. LouisJune 20 — July 4 — July 18 — August 1 —August 15Reduction on this trip for parties of five ormore — ask for organizers' planOTHER ATTRACTIVE TOURSLeaving weekly toALASKA — $219 YELLOWSTONE —$139 . . PACIFIC NORTHWEST — $139. . . EUROPE — $267 . . MONTREAL &QUEBEC — $69 . . . SEA BREEZE — $139rail and ocean trip to New York and NewOrleans . . . COLONIAL AMERICA — $99including, Thousand Islands, Montreal,Quebec, Maine seacoast, Boston, New YorkWrite for descriptive pamphletsPOWERS TOURS111 WEST WASHINGTON ST., CHICAGOChicago's old reliable travel agencyARE YOU "GOING PLACES11?Then do not fail to patronize the TravelAdvertisers who patronizethis magazine —American Airlines, Inc.Atlantic Coast Line RailwayJames Boring Co.Bureau of University TravelCanadian Resort PropertiesChicago & Northwestern RailwayCarleton ToursFarley Travel AgencyFrench LineJohn G. Hall & Co.Mayflower HotelsMothersills Seasick RemedyNassau, Development BoardOregon State Highway CommissionPinnacle InnPleasant Island LodgePowers "Around America" ToursRudolph Travel BureauHotel SeymourSouthern Pacific RailwaySita Freighter VoyagesSouth African RailwaysSwedish Travel Information BureauSwiss Federal RailroadsTemple ToursFor handsome illustrated booklets describingthese trips, check coupon facing Page VII.They will be sent free — no obligation at all.GRADUATE TRAVEL SERVICE30 Rockefeller PlazaNew York City(PEease favor our advertisers when checking coupon facing Page VII. Thank you — The Editor.)IX.WHERE-TO-GOHOTEL- RESORTAND TRAVELDEPARTMENTEstablished 1906FEATURED EACH MONTH IN 58 OR MORE PUBLICATIONSOUR GROUP OF QUALITY MAGAZINESoAmerican SMercury, Current History, Forum, T^ature ^Magazine,"JUgws-Wtek (2 issues) and "Ihe Graduate GroupCombined circulation approximately 1,000,000THE WHERE-TO-GO BUREAU, Inc., 8 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass., U. S. A.NEW YORKrHOTEL SEYMOUR-]% NEW YORK CITY VWest 45th St. — just West of 5th Ave.A most delightful and comfortableplace to stay. Within a very shortwalk of all theaters, smart shopsand Radio City. Two blocks fromGrand Central Terminal. Quiet, refined atmosphere. All rooms haveprivate baths. Single rooms, $3.50up. Double rooms, $4.50 up. Suites,single, $5 up. Double, $6 up. Excellent restaurant and dining room.Bar.EVERYTHING TO MAKEYOUR VISIT ENJOYABLE TRAVEL I TRAVELMAINEPLEASANT ISLAND LODGE«fe C limps. Pleasant Island, Me. Rangeley region.Stream- Lake fishing. Salmon and Trout. Reachedby new aato road. W. U. TOOTHAKER. ProprietorMASSACHUSETTS SWITZERLANDITS CROSS PROUDLYACCLAIMS ITS NEUTRALITY . . . ITS SCENERYJUBILANTLY SHOUTS ITSBEAUTY, ENJOYMENTAND CONTENTMENTNow with the devaluation ofthe franc the dollar buys 42%more in Switzerland.Railroad fares have been reduced up to 45%. True courtesy and hospitality as always.NO VISAS— NO MONEY FORMALITIESBE SURE TO INCLUDE IN YOUR ITINERARY: Geneva, Berne, Lake of Thun,Bernese Oberland with Interlaken and the Jungfraujoch, Loetschberg, Zermatt-Gornergrat, Furka-Oberalp, Lugano, Locarno, Lucerne and its Lake District.See your local travel agent or write us for Booklet W62SWISS FEDERAL RAILROADS, 475 Fifth Avenue, New York CityOfficial Information of Switzerland TRAVELJUNEIN SWEDEN!\sW LAND OF SUNUT NIGHTSThe MAYFLOWER Hotels at '_ =— Manoinet Point, Plymouth, on Cape Cod! Remember— small copy is BIG in Where-To-GoBay, Mass., and in quaint town of fiyannis. ~~Address either hotel for folder & ratecard.CANADAi CANADIAN LANDS t£* - Seized mtSo\A yfe-Taxes Y^r949 buys Island St. I.awrence^BgHItlver — $7 'J buys 50 acres hunting and 'ESHshing— $108 buys 100 acres — $171 W*buys 200 acres— $256 buys 1000 ft. lake frontageOur 20th annual list just Issued in the form of a20-page booklet describes the above and many oth*rchoice properties offered at Tax Sale prices. Thoamount quoted Is the fnll price asked, perfect title,no mortgage. Beautifully situated hunting and fishing camps where there Is real sport; summer cottagesites; heavily wooded acreages. Now is the time toinvest in Canada's minerals, forests and farms.Small monthly pay men ta if desired. Don't delay,write to-day for free booklet with full explanation.TAX SALE SERVICE a£Si The Vale of Kashmir foryour Summer Vacation"Listed if Tested"For 29 years WHERE- TO-GO departments nowfeatured in 58 magazines have been especiallynoteworthy. 93.8 per cent of our space hasbeen taken by old friends over a 5-year period.The early receipt of copy is requested Inclusive . . . Conducted India tour.June 30, 68 days,$1060.OrAround-the-World, withoverland tours;, Java, Bali, China,I Japan, $975 up.Complete details from your local agent orJAMES BORING CO., Inc.•SS Fifth Avo., N.Y. ELdorado S-C670Ask Where-to-fjo Bureau. 8 Beacon Street.Boston, for space & rates in our departmentFREIGHTER VOYAGESA student organization offers great savings in Bermuda, Europe, West Indies, etc. Send 12c. AlsolO-wk.BICYCLE • MOTOR • FALTBOOTtrips to Europe for students and teachers from $268.8ITA, 2029 Broadway (opp. Columbia), N. Y. C.EUROPE13th Season all-expense conducted tours. VariedItineraries. Small groups. Personal service. Independent travel also arranged. Cruise and steamshipbookings effected on all lines. Write for B' klet " W, ' 'CARLETON TOURS. 522 ah a«.,w.y.When writing to these advertisers will youplease mention Ihe Where-to-Go Bureau tTRAVEL ACCESSORIESEnjoy your TripM others... s Where~To-Go publicity covers N. AmericaTITTrTOI• The new vacation Mecca iormotorists. Land of mountains,forests, lakes and streams. Athousand scenic spots easilyaccessible over splendid pavedhighways. Send for the State's28-page illustrated booklet onOregon. Oregon State HighwayCommission, Travel Dept. 20,Salem, Oregon.The Where-To-Go system influences thepeoplecomprising the cream of all Travel prospectsEUROPE-4 COUNTRIES-S27IIncluding England, Holland, Belgium, Fiance.Other itineraries Holland, the Rhine & Italian Lakes,Switzerland, France $298. England by motor : Devon,Cornwall, Shakespeare Country $264. France bymotor: Normandy, Brittany. Chateau Country $268.England, Holland $239. Send for booklet 2-B.JOHN G. HALL & COMPANY, INC. Established 1847.84 State Street Boston, Massachusetts From the cheery log homes decorated withbranches of birch, country fiddlers lead theprocession to the village green. Aroundthe traditional Maypole brightly costumedDatecarlia lads and lassies swing happily inthe dances of their June Midsummer Festival.To an American these joyous youths withtheir glorious heritage are a symbol ofSweden's natural charm.Make Sweden your gateway to all thenorthern wonderlands and the fascinatingBaltic region.Only five hours by plane 'from London,Paris; three hours from Berlin. Bythroughtrainsfrom Berlin and Hamburg or direct in Swedishliners from NewYork in eight luxurious days.Ask your travel agent or us for our new"Lands of Sunlit Nights"suggesting delightful trips in all the Scandinavian countries — a wealth oj vacation guidance.Please mention Department JJSWEDISH TRAVELINFORMATION BUREAU•30 FIFTH AVENUE NEW YORKWESTERN NORTH CAROLINAPINNACLE INN, Banner Elk, N.C. Fireproof. 4000ft. elevation. Cool. 1000 private acres Lake, Tennis.Riding: famous trout- fishing. Low rates. Manyun-usual attractions. Summer college activities. Folder.Ask Where-To-Go for AidWHERE-TO-GO resources in giving perfectlyreliable data for the use of the readers of the58 publications we use monthly, are calledupon extensively by the cream among Americantravelers of means and most desirable class.Careful devotion to them for twenty-nine yearsand their consistent return to us after we haverendered exceptional Quality Service year afteryear, is a source of pride — and plain evidenceof their entire satisfaction with our system.Ask us and right literature will be in the homemail direct from our clients who have preciselythe attractions you seek.MEDITERRANEAN Unique Tour[Conducted] Visiting interesting and unusual placesin Greece. Albania, Yugo-Slavia, Italy.FARLEY TRAVEL AGENCY, 535 Fifth Ave.. N.Y.C.Where-To-Go for May closes Mar. 29For FREE LITERATURE and MAPSabout Distinctive Summer Tours write toBUREAU OF UNIVERSITY TRAVEL4 Boyd Street, Newton, Massachusetts*780. ANNUAL EXPLORATION TOUR to Hawaii,Japan, Korea, China, Philippines. New & betterfeatures. Largest steamers.-Bail June 27 ret. Aug. 24.Rudolph Travel Bureau. 1 200 Locust St.,St.Lonis,Mo.I"HW df^ r% ¦»¦ DEPARTURESEUKUrti GUARANTEEDAvoid Disappointment. Book for " definite tours."TEMPLE TOURS. 248-A Washington St, Boston(Please favor our advertisers when checking coupon facing Page VII. Thank you — The Editor.)X.Careerselect occupations which combine present financial rewardswith future opportunities. Theyfind that life insurance selling,better than most businesses,offers this combination to menof real ability today.College Menselected by The Penn MutualLife Insurance Company canstart life insurance selling on afixed compensation basis, instead of a commission basis, ifthey wish. The plan is de-\f j^k scribed in a booklet, "Insurance Careers for CollegeGraduates." Send for a copy.COLLEGIATE PERSONNEL BUREAUTHE PENN MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANYIndependence Square • PhiladelphiaGOING TO YOUR ALMA MATERfor re-union or commencement?"J-Uj FIRST-CLASS ,1with the FLAGSHIP FleetAmerican's new 21-Passenger Flagship Club Planesfly NON-STOP between New York and Boston,New York and Chicago; also Chicago and Washington — and between New York and Chicago via Buffalo and Detroit. New 14-berth Flagship Sleepers flyOVERNIGHT between New York and Los Angeles, on the favorable all-year Southern Transcontinental Route . . . American serves 57 major cities.Call American Airlines or your trawl agent.£\0ffiQJK§ OKKL SCHOOL DIRECTORYAMERICAN ACADEMYOF DRAMATIC ARTSFounded in 1884 by Franklin H. Sargent. The jiM first and foremost institution for Dramatic1% Training in Acting, Directing, and Teaching.Teachers' Summer Course July 12-Aug. 20For Catalog address Secretary, Room 180,CARNEGIE HALL, NEW YORKAMERICAN ACADEMY OF DRAMATIC ARTS—The leading Institute for dramatic training in AmericaCourses prepare for teaching and directing, as well «acting. Junior classes start each season in October, Januaryand April. There is a special teachers' summer coursecovering Stage-craft. Thecatalogue, supplied upon requestdescribes all courses. Address the Secretary, Carneai*Hall, New York City. **Secretarial SchoolsKATHARINE GIBBS — Secretarial. Two Year Course-^College and cultural subjects, with thorough secretarialtraining. One Year Course — Intensive secretarial training.Also Special Course for College Women. Delightful residences in Boston and m New York. For catalog address:Office of Admissions. Boston, 90 Marlboro St./ New York'230 Park Ave./ Providence, 1 55 Angell St.Girls' SchoolsTHE MARY C. WHEELER SCHOOL — A schoojmodern in spirit, methods, equipment, rich in traditions.Excellent college preparatory record. General coursewith varied choice of subjects. Post Graduate. ClassMusic, Dancing, Dramatics, and Art, an integral part of curriculum. Leisure for hobbies. Daily sports. 170-acre farm,,— riding, hunting, hockey. Separate residence and liferadapted to younger girls. Catalog. Mary Helena Dey,M.A., Principal, Providence, Rhode Island.ST. ANNE'S SCHOOL, Charlottesville, Virginia.'Margaret L. Porter, Headmistress. ST. CATHERINE'SSCHOOL, Richmond, Virginia. Louisa deB. BacotBracket, Headmistress. Girls' Schools in the Diocese ofVirginia (Episcopal). Day and Boarding. Thorough preparation for all leading colleges. Also courses for studentsnot planning to enter college. Music. Art. Riding. Outdoor Sports.Co-Educational SchoolGEORGE SCHOOL — Quaker. Established 1893. Fullyaccredited. College preparatory and cultural course. 74graduates entered 32 colleges in 1936. Boys and girls inthe same school under conditions that meet the approvalof the most careful, discriminating parent. Endowment.227-acre campus. 25 miles from Philadelphia. 10 milesfrom Trenton. G- A. Walton, A. M., Principal, Box 267,George School, Pa.Boys' SchoolsCRANBROOK SCHOOL — Distinctive endowed preparatory school for boys. Also junior department. Exceptionally beautiful, complete, modern. Unusual opportunities in arts, crafts, sciences. Hobbies encouraged. Allsports. Single rooms. Strong faculty. Individual attention.Graduates tn over 40 colleges. Near Detroit. Registrar,3010 Lone Pine Road, Bloomfield Hills, Mich.FRANKLIN & MARSHALL ACADEMY — A widelyrecognized, moderately priced preparatory school. Excellent records in many colleges. Personal attention to eachboy's needs. Varied athletic program. Modern equipment. Junior department. E. M. Hartman, Pd.D., Box G,Lancaster, Pa.HEBRON ACADEMY — Thorough college preparation .for boys at costs surprisingly low due to endowment andcountry location. 70 Hebron boys freshmen in collegethis year. Experienced faculty of 15 men. Excellent dormitory, classroom, laboratory and athletic equipment. Forbook, "Building Scholarship," address Ralph L. Hunt,Principal, Box G, Hebron, Maine.MILFORD SCHOOL — Small classes. Each boy's program adapted to his needs, abilities, and interests. Homelike environment. All sports. Junior School for boyseleven to fifteen. Summer session combining thoroughinstruction with seashore recreations. Catalogue. Paul D.Shafer, Ph.D., Headmaster, Milford, Conn.NORTHWOOD SCHOOL — In the Heart of theAdirondacks. Under Lake Placid Club Education Foundation- Unusual success in preparing for college work. Emphasis on outdoor recreation that can be continuedthroughout life. Exceptional winter sports facilities. Modernmethods develop the whole boy to maximum possibilities.Address Ira A. Flinner, Ed.D., Box G, Lake Placid Club, N. Y.ROXBURY SCHOOL — For boys 11 years and older.Flexible organization and painstaking supervision of eachboy's program offer opportunity for exceptional scholasticprogress and general development. A. E. Sheriff, Headmaster, Cheshire, Conn.WILLISTON ACADEMY — Unusual educational opportunities at modest cost. Endowment over half a million. Over 150 graduates in 40 colleges. New recreational center, gymnasium, swimming pool. Experienced,understanding masters. Separate Junior School. AddressArchibald V. Galbraith, Headmaster, Box 3, Easthampton.Mass.(Please favor our advertisers when checking coupon lacing Page VII. Thank you — The Editor.)XI.How to seeTWICE AS MUCHon Your tripto Californiar>; /!GO ONE WAY See the Mexican border country, CarlsbadCaverns National Park, Southern Arizona and Los Angeles.SUNSET or GOLDEN STATE ROUTE. RETURN ANOTHER Cross Great Salt Lake on the famousLucin Causeway. See San Francisco, the High Sierra andthe Rockies. OVERLAND ROUTE.It's as simple as A, B, C.A. Look at Southern Pacific's Four Scenic Routes to California, on the map below.B. Pick the two routes that interest you most.U. Go to California on one of these routes and return on theother. Result : you see a different part of the United States eachway. You see twice as much of the West as you would by goingand returning on the same route ...and from most eastern and mid-western points it doesn't cost you one centmore rail fare!FINEST TRAINS. On Southern Pacific's Four Scenic Routes you'll ridethe West's finest trains : OverlandRoute's distinguished Overland Limited and the streamliner City of San The most beautiful train in the West!When you visit California, ride SouthernPacific's new streamlined Daylight betweenLos Angeles and San Francisco. Speed alongthe Pacific Ocean's edge by daylight for morethan a hundred glorious miles.Southern PacificFour Scenic Routes to CaliforniaFrancisco; Golden State Route's luxurious Golden State Limited or the new Californian, a fast, economy train with 2S<, 30<and 35< meals, stewardess, free pillow service, etc. ; SunsetRoute's romantic Sunset Limited and the Shasta Route's Cascade. All these trains are completely air-conditioned, famousfor their fine dining car service and their atmosphere of westernhospitality.Between Los Angeles and San Francisco, you can ride the newDaylight, most beautiful train in the West.LOWEST FARES IN HISTORY!Southern Pacific spring fares, now ineffect, are the lowest ever offered atthis season. For example, $57.35 fromChicago to California and back in air-conditioned chair cars ; $68.80 in air-conditioned tourist sleeping cars (plussmall berth charge) ; $86 in air-conditioned standard Pullmans (berthextra). Low summer excursion faresstart May 15.FREE TRAVEL GUIDE. Plan yourtrip with our new booklet, How to Seethe Whole Pacific Coast. It describesour Four Scenic Routes and the Pacific Coast. More than 80 big pictures.For your free copy, write O. P. Bartlett, Dept. GR-4, 310 South MichiganAvenue, Chicago, Illinois.(Please favor our advertisers when checking coupon facing Page VII. Thank you — The Editor.)WITH THENEW SUPfRDim FRIGIDAIRE meter-miserCuts Current Cost to the Bone !Nmm$M5gMcstBnc!s you need forRMipiiti u0ME REFRIGERATION, W>W#ONLY FRIGIDAIRE HAS IT!InstantEy releases icecubes from tray. Nomore carrying to thesink, splashing underthe faucet. Yields 20%more ice by endingmeltage waste! All icetrays in every "Super-Duty" Frigidaire havethis Instant Cube-Release. See its quick,easy action at yourFrigidaire dealer's. Jet "th? AfeurINSTANTCUBE-RELEASE4ti rJc&an/ d• Don't be satisfied with just one ortwo seemingly attractive features in therefrigerator you buy.Demand proof of all 5 basic services needed for complete home refrigeration. You get it in the "Super-Duty"Frigidaire with the Meter-Miser.See the proof at your nearestFrigidaire dealer's store. See for yourself how Frigidaire does a "full-timejob" in making, storing and removingice-cubes. Test the marvelous convenience of its 9 -Way Adjustable Interior. See how miserly Frigidaire iswith current, yet how safely it protectsfood even in hottest weather.Yes, get the Proof! Don't be fooledby mere claims or superficial advantages. To get years of satisfaction andsaying in the refrigerator you buy, seeyour nearest Frigidaire dealer— today!<.' rXic ' Hi*- refr,Ser"or that instantlyreleases all ice trays- W all cubes fromrX;mh *Y NeW INSTANT &fee f»«j, A1S° free2es more P°u«ds ofice-faster... stores 100% more ice-cubeseve^k " M°St comPlete KB SERVICE New 9-Way Adjustable Interior! Goodbye to old-fashioned crowding and dish-uggling. Now you get maximum shelfspace up, m front And Full-Width SlidingrwTS S°ld 'St0ra«e Tray> n^w SuperbDuty Hydrators, ALL adjust like magicto suit any size or shape of food! Most 'complete STORAGE SERVICE ever knownKeeps Food Safer, Fresher, Longer!Safety-Zone Cold in food compartmfnt-D7aTonythrnFOOd-S,afetyI.ndlcatorwi*Mois?roM% oor' always in si«ht- «wMOIST Cold for vegetables . . . EXTRA Cold^eats"-™™G Cold for ice creamTFr^?".™856"*- Most complete PROTECTION service ever known"prqqT Five-Year Protection Plan, backed byGeneral Motors, on Frigidaire's sealed-inmechanical unit. Thif, together withSe&te S.Sealed SteeI CabieSprcdi\l Ad lnu,ularV°,n' and lifetime Porcelainor Durable Dulux exterior, all adds upever known COmp,ete DEPEND -ABILITYGREATER SAVE-ABILITY jf£tfONLY 'meio/iiiit has th£CUrS CUB Re NT COST TO THE ffONf Meter-Miser does Super-fJuty at amazing saving, forit s the simplest refrigeratingmechanism ever built. ..Only3 moving parts, includingthe motor . . . permanentlyoiled, completely sealedagainst moisture and dirt.You see its lower operatingcost proved by an electricmeter before you buy'FR I CI DAI R E""liiPj FRIGIDAIRE MADE ONLY BY GENERAL MOTORSA brand-new customer used the telephone this morning. Betty Sue calledup that nice little girl around thecorner.Every day, hundreds of Betty Suesspeak their first sentences into thetelephone. Just little folks, with casual,friendly greetings to each other. Yettheir calls are handled as quickly andefficiently as if they concerned themost important affairs of Mother andDaddy. For there is no distinctionBELL TELEPHONE SYSTEMCopyright 1937, Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co.