THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEMIDSUMMER • 1936THE ALUMNI COUNCILOFTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOSecretary and Editor, CHARLTON T. BECK, '04The Council for 1930-37 is composed of the following delegates:Fkom the Collece Association: Donald S. Trumbull, '97; Helen Norris, '07; Harold H. Swift,'07; Howell Murray, '11- ; Mrs. Ruth Manierre Freeman, '1(5; Thomas Mulroy, '27. JD'28;Mrs. Davie Hendricks Essington, '08; Milton F. Robinson, Jr., '11, JD'13; Paul S. Russell,'10; John Nuveen, '19; Charles G. Higgins, '20; Robert T. McKinlay, '29, JD'32; JosephineT. Allin, '99; Frank McNair, '0:3; Herbert Markham, '05; Frances Henderson Higgins,'20; Arthur C. Cody, '21; J. Kenneth Laird. '25.From the Association of Doctors of Philosophy: Herbert Blumer. PhD'28; Harold A. Swenson, PhD'31 ; Robert V. Merrill. PhD'23.From the Divinity Association: Andrew R. E. Wyant, DB'97; J. Burt Bouwman, DB'29;Franklin D. Elmer, Jr., DB'30.From the Law School Association: Richard C. Stevenson, JD'25; Charles P. Schwartz, '08,J.D'09; Charles F. McElroy, AM'06, JD'15.From the Education Association: Harold A. Anderson, '21, AM'26; Robert C. Woellner,AM'21; Paul M. Cook, AM'27.From the School of Business Association: Elizabeth Foreen, '20; Lester C. Shephard, '29;Neil F. Sammons, '29.Vuou the Rush Medical Collece Association: William A. Thomas, '12, MD'10;E. J. Stieglitz,'18, SM'19, MD'21 ; Richard W. Watkins, MD'25.From the School of Social Service Administration Association: Margaret Cochran Bristol, AM'33; Helen Haseltine, AM'2 1; Anna Sexton Mitchell, x\M'30.From the Association of the School of Medicine in the Division of the Biological Sciences: Sylvia II. Bensley. MD'30; Egbert H. Fell, MD'32; Harold Huston, '28, MD'33.From the Chicago Alumnae Club: Ethel Preston, '08, AM'10, PhD'20; Louise Norton Swain,'09, AM'10; Ruth Stagg Lauren, '25.From the Chicaco Alumni Club: Roy J. Mad:ligan, '10; John J. McDonough, '28; Dan II.Brown, '10.From the University: John F. Moulds. '07.Alumni Associations Represented in the Alumni CouncilThe College Alumni Association: President, Arthur C. Cody, '2 1; Secretary, Charlton T.Beck, '01, University of Chicago.Association of Doctors of Philosophy: President, A. Eustace Haydon, PliD'18; Secretary,Herbert Blumer, PhD'28. University of Chi :nro.Divinity School Association : President, Herb rt W. Hansen, '22, AM'23, DB'2 1; Secretary,Charles T. Holman, DB'10, University of Chicago.Law School Association: President, Richard C. Stevenson, JD'25; Secretari/, Charles F. McElroy, AM'06, JD'15, 29 South LaSalle Street, Chicago.School of Education Association: President, Aaron J. Brumbaugh. PhD'29; Secretari/, LenoreJohn. AM'27, 0009 Kimbark Avenue, Chicago.School of Business Association: President, Lester C. Shepherd, '29; Secretary, Dorothy Dic-mcr Thompson, '33, 8251 Ellis Avenue, Chicago.Rush Medical College Association: President, Robert Herbst, MD'00; Secretary, Carl O.Rinder, MD'13, 122 South Michigan Avenue. Chicago.School of Social Service Administration: President, Eleanor Goltz, '29, AM'30; Secretary,Gertrude Herrick Schafer, AM'.'iO, 2307 East 70th Street, Chicago.Association of the Medical School of the Division of Biological Sciences: President, SamBanks. '30 MD Cert'35 ; Secretary, Gail Da k '27, MD'33, University of Chicago.All communications should be sent to the Secretary of the proper Association or to the Alumni Council,Faculty Exchange, University of Chicago. The dues for membership in any one of the Associations namedabove, including subscription to 'I'm: Univkrsity of Chicago Macazink, are $2.00 per year. A holder of twoor more degrees from the University of Chicago may be a member of more than one Association; in suchinstances the dues are divided and shared equally bv the Associations involved.THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEPUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI COUNCILCharlton T. Beck, '04Editor and Business ManagerFred B. Millett, PhD '31; John P. Howe, '27; William V. Morgenstern, '20, JD '22Contributing EditorsMilton E. Robinson, Jr., 11, JD '13; Louise Norton Swain, '09, AM '16; John J. McDonough, '28Council Committee on PublicationsN THIS ISSUEON* our cover, we bring you a It is a signal honor to be invited \\ oodward and Dean Irons as theyview of the University Chapel to address the Association of the outlined the future program of med-as seen from the Midway. Doctors of Philosophy. Some speak- ieal education at the University oft, ers, so honored, have gone technically Chicago, and great enthusiasm washighbrow, to the discomfort of the shown at the proposed solution of theTwenty years ago Robert Karl doctors and the despair of the editor, problem as presented by the speakers.Bond\- decided that he could get the But not so with Edward Scribner The contemplated policy of themost out of life by devoting his tal- Ames. He knows his doctors far too University is defined in the^followingrut- to the service of his brother men, well for that. And so he talks on resolution :and for twenty years his record has JVlut a Ph.D. Thinks About and the ( 1) The University wishes to con-been one of unselfish service. He has editor begs for the manuscript. solidate its two medical schoolsbeen, during most of these years, ami- - /9, ^, T- . ....iated with the American Red Cross. . # th{/] The University desires to giveHe lias risen from a modest position Some four hundred Rush Medical ^••l"116 ^ consolldateclin the ranks of that organization un- graduates listened with rapt attention ., 'til we find him serving on the Ameri- to the addresses of Vice President # ,C Lmiversity, in order tocan Legion National Rehabilitation errfct a closer integration of its med-Commission, and then Supervisor of ical wor.k- Proposes to appoint a full-Civilian Relief in the United States. TABLE OF CONTENTS West ^,mstratlve °fficer on theMo-t recently he has been Director OIUt-of Disaster Relief for the American Midsummer, m« (.4) The University proposes toRed Cross where his work has taken Pagf- reduce gradually the number of itshim into every section of the country Some Disaster Relief Experiences. pre-chmcal students.and where his accomplishments have Robert E. Bondv ;; ($ ) The University intends to re-been amazing. In this issue he tells, K " duce gradually the number of undermost modestly, of some of the tasks ' NE s 0F KLlNrNC' 6 graduate clinical students on the Westof a disaster relief man. What a Ph.D. Thinks About. Side.• Edward S. Awes 8 (6) The University regards it asYes, we held a Reunion in June. S™MER •* ™E Q— *;les u ™£* T'lt^f^l educa;imlA ,i„t -ii , r,, ^ i 1 t- • -r. ennei to consolidate its medicaA detailed account of the events would I niversity s Medical Program as schools on the South Side or to dofiU more than one issue ot the Map- Emscusse, at the Rush Dinner. . 12 velop a center for advanced profes-zme. 1 he one outstanding innovation A n s;onai trai-n:no - ™ tn~ w : cj Ton this year's program was the Association and Class Reunions. .. 15 ™™«™ '"8 consoli^' f"Ai, ,,,,„• ci i Ti. ¦ .1 i • r r ^ e c^ent ot consolidation on theAlumni School. It is the desire ot Comments from Registrants at the cn,,fi, c:j^ f^0 TT • v L ',the Council to learn whether the Alumni Schooi 17 2 ^ti! for T' 7 T^Ahunni at large believe that such a r K w „ J u, * ^ ^f X flrnlrt 7 If '¦school should be made a regular tea- L ™GED ^EWS Reels- H™r< U ¦ tf he develtntn of a t ""Tture of future reunions. Write to the M'rt 18 ndvanced nrlfl if ""*" \0rp.- ,,,- , . . . r L c acnanced protessional training on theeditor telling him whether you tavor In My Opinion 21 West Side fhe TTn,\ ';t , Vco,„,,,u,„g t„e Alumni Sch..l and if ,_ „ _ ,,„__ „ ^ ^X^"S 3^Vou do favor it, outline the program <-« ti-,- ui 1 • frt, . ii! • . wfelct111 to the possib e exclusion after nthat would be most interesting to vou Athletics o«, . , ' ) '• aT^r ain 1937 . penod ot \eais, ot undergraduatev ' Xews of the Classes 31 teaching.FllifUAb™e? hrwhC AluTni Counc11 °f the University of Chicago, monthly, from November to July. Office of Publication 403 Cnhh TTaii *«n. <=? .The June Convocation where George Edgar Vincent, Ph.D. '96, former Deanof the Faculties of Arts, Literature and Science, addressed more than onethousand candidates for degrees and thrice that number of candidatorialfriends and relatives.VOLUME XXVIII THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINE NUMBER 9MIDSUMMER, 1936SOME DISASTER RELIEF EXPERIENCESDISASTER relief in floods, tornadoes, fires, earthquakes is packed so full of action, thrills, humorand tragedy that even an ever-present soundmovie reproduction would miss many of the lights andshadows of human experience. The action is as swiftas the wind of a tropical storm; again, as slow andinexorable as a lazy Mississippi flood. The thrills of amelodrama are tame compared with the tenseness of thechaotic aftermath of one of these ravages of nature.Humor aplenty seems furnished by the gods of destruction to dissolve the tenseness and strain ; but always withthe tragedy and heart-aches of the grim reaper lurkingof! stage.This spring's floods and tornadoes have lacked noneof these characteristics. But for the forewarning ofwinter's preparations both floods and tornadoes camewithout warning. In seventeen of the affected states, Ihave seen the behavior of the elements and of man. Atnoon on St. Patrick's Day a flood was not expected inJohnstown, Pennsylvania ; but by evening all of the business section and half the residences were under fifteenfeet of mud laden water. On the Merrimack in NewHampshire a new river bed was scoured where severalbusiness and residential blocks had stood. Rich onion,tobacco and asparagus land in the Connecticut RiverValley was badly eroded and in places covered with sand *and unproductive silt. Everywhere household goods wereruined, buildings were water soaked, damaged and attimes destroyed. In the South, the utter destruction ofthe tornadoes in several cities can be compared only withthe devastation of war itself. Respectable piles of kindling wood remained where block after block of poor,middle class and expensive residences had stood- — hundreds killed, more hundreds seriously injured and thousands homeless.Now what does a Red Cross disaster relief man doin such times? Well, first he directs the local, county-wide Red Cross Chapters to meet the emergency needsof food, shelter, clothing and medical attention; and,then, he gets there himself, with his staff and otherworkers from his disaster reserve. He goes by plane, ortrain, or auto, or railroad gasoline car, or Navy destroyer — or he walks part way; somehow he arrives.This time I flew into Johnstown by Army plane from * By ROBERT E. BONDY, '17Boiling Field, Washington, D. C. Flying with zerovisibility part of the way, we fortunately had an openingover Johnstown, permitting a landing on a small watersoaked field with no run ways. A few days later ontaking off from this same field its soggy condition heldthe ship on the ground so long that we took off the topof a tree and damaged a wing — but went on.With word at Headquarters of the Southern NewYork flood last year, three of us were whisked to BoilingField to board an Army transport plane for Elmira.Knowing that my young son, a would-be famous airplanemodel producer, would demand to know the make ofplane on my return, I asked an officer standing by. Withcool seriousness he replied, "That's a Northrup. Wehad three, but two of 'em cracked up."Well, we boarded the remaining Northrup entry,and as the pilot — a splendid Army Air Corps Captain —completed his engine warm-up, and we were strapped inwith parachutes on, he turned and called out through asmall opening, "Are you all set?"We chorused an affirmative."Everything is ready then," he said. "I look forno trouble, but if anything should happen I'll give youthe sign. You know how to work those 'chutes don'tyou? — Well, that door there is the one you use to getout ; and don't bother to take your baggage."My companions still insist that for several longmoments I had a long, vacant stare — although eventuallyrecovering my disaster relief poise to enjoy an eventfultrip over Pennsylvania's beautiful Alleghenies.On that same disaster I had two Army observationtwo-seaters assigned to me for survey use. Roads wereimpassable at points and the rounds were made for several days to Ithaca, Hornell, Binghamton to check onrelief organization — and one day on the request of aCongressman solicitous over one of his towns, I flew toeastern New York to find not enough water in his townto wet a small sponge.This business of transportation in disaster timetosses in its share of the thrills. During the 1927 Mississippi flood I was traveling by boat — a steel eighteenfooter — across country, over tree tops and telegraphpoles from Leland to Greenville, Mississippi, with several others including my Mississippi state relief chairman,4 THE UNIVERSITY O Fthe Adjutant General of the State, and several localmen, when the engine back-fired, ignited the gas floatingon the bottom of the boat, and, puff, up went a flame atleast ten feet high. Four men jumped into the water,including Mr. L. O. Crosby, my state chairman. Istayed put, and fortunately didn't get my feet wet, asRobert E. Bondy, '17several small out-board motor boats put out from theback side of the levee a half mile away, took us off, andrescued the others from the water. Believe it or not,it was on Friday, the thirteenth day of May. (And,did you know that the merry month of May producesmore disasters than any other month?)In that Mississippi flood, my train wheeled througha foot and two feet of water on several occasions. Oncebecause of a soft road bed, the small gasoline car usedfor railroad maintenance work took us over rails coveredby water and over shaky bridges to a refugee concentration point. At other times the river boats of the ArmyEngineers carried us over great tree tops submerged byseveral feet of Old Man River. I recall vividly the occasion of Mr. Hoover, then Secretary of Commerce, andJames L. Fieser, our Vice Chairman in Charge ofDomestic Operations, walking over a railroad bridge toreach a beleaguered town, the bridge going out but afew minutes later.Well, Johnstown in this spring's flood was quiteunprepared. Whether due to the belief that anotherflood would not come, or to the obsessions of a depression hit steel town, or to other reasons, conditions werechaotic. Except for the invariable outreach of neighborkeeping neighbor, the town was disorganized when Iarrived at said sloppy landing field less than fourteenhours after the peak of the water. In town, panic reignedbecause of a false report, broadcast by an amateur radiooperator, that the dam had burst. I saw thousands fleeing to the hills in reasonably good order, but some, Ilearned later, with pillows, with lamp shades, with birdcages. One splendid elderly woman went up the sheerface of a hill rather than using the easier roadway, andwas told later in my presence by her children that certainly she must be in training for the Olympics at Berlinthis summer. CHIC A GO M A G A Z I N EThe water went down very rapidly, but parts oftown could not be reached because the water still stoodin many streets. Bridges were out, local telephone service "was gone. All food warehouses, hotels, retail groceries — except a few small residential section food stores—were flooded. Lights were out downtown. Everyone— literally so — was concerned over the welfare of relatives, or the condition of places of business and employment. With half the homes flooded in a metropolitanarea of over 90,000, the other half gave temporary shelterin schools, churches, dance pavilions and in the homeshigh and dry on the hills. But leadership was not to bereached, what with no communication and the generalchaos.Somehow that evening about ten substantial citizens,including our own local chairman and several of hiscommittee, met with me — in the Memorial Hospitalerected from the balance of relief funds after the 1889flood — and we organized. One man took charge of therefugee centers, one of the transportation of supplies, oneof food purchases, one of Red Cross headquarters arrangements, one of money raising. Then in the darkness,through mud and debris, among hanging power wires,I groped my way with two others to the telephone exchange for a report to Washington. Previously a radioman at the C.C.C. Camp had sent out my first reportshortly after arrival.Things then began to happen rapidly. Shortlytwenty refugee centers to house, feed and give medicalcare were running. A central warehouse for the tonsAdmiral Cary T. Grayson, Chairman, AmericanRed Cross (left) and Mr. Bondy inspect floodedarea at Nashua, New Hampshire.of donated foodstuffs and clothing was established at Central High School. W.P.A. men and trucks were assigned to us. Members of my staff trickled in as disrupted transportation permitted — one man coming viaPittsburgh, where his plane made a zero-zero landing.My food chairman — a local wholesale grocer whose ownTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEflooded warehouse loss reached seventy-five thousanddollars, was masterful in keeping a constant flow of foodcoming in by truck, while neglecting his own affairs.With the normal channels of food distribution gone, wefaced on the third day the task of feeding almost theentire city. Over night commissaries were establishedand — well — no one went hungry.As order came, district offices were organized forregistration so that duplication in relief giving could beeliminated. Our experienced workers began their visitsto families to determine those in need of aid. Awardsfollowed for those with insufficient resources to providehousehold goods, to repair or rebuild homes, to furnishclothing, to continue medical care, to occasionally reestablish the small merchant — the one man business — orprofessional man so that his source of income would beassured.During the emergency, relief supplies and passengercars as well were only moving in to town with a RedCross sticker on the wind shield. One day a U. S. PostOffice Department inspector called on me — worried thatthe first five trucks of U. S. mail to reach Johnstownwould not be admitted to town. I gave him the stickersand Uncle Sam's mail moved under the protection of theRed Cross. Just a few more general observations from my seventeen years of Red Cross experience. My first disasterexperience was in 1921 with a fire in Arkansas, thenfollowed the Pueblo flood — where we lost the Governor,much needed on state organization and fund raising matters, but found him giving out blankets in Pueblo. TheLorain, Ohio, tornado, the Mississippi flood, the Drought,the tropical hurricanes and other disasters have broughtexperiences rich with the association of splendid personalities, varied in their location and filled with anevolving system of relief that carried promptness andsufficiency as its essence.I've found people much the same everywhere. Allhave their strengths and weaknesses laid bare by thechaos and tenseness of the emergency. Leadership risesto the top. In the early days everyone volunteers to dohis bit. Then the enthusiasm wears off. The brick-batsfollow — "you received more than I did," or "I didn'tget enough." Finally, all are happy. The families inneed have been aided in accord with their individualneeds. Most traces of the disaster have disappeared.And beautiful resolutions are passed telling what a greatorganization the Red Cross is, and what sterling characters make up its staff. With experience you can callthe turn on each of those stages.(Continued on Page 28)* JiH >SE'S S I n.*-»_•* .<*?-Main business square of Gainesville, Georgia, after tornado of April 6, 1936NINE DAYS OF REUNINGThe 1936 Reunion Season at Chicago offered, by allodds, the most extensive alumni program ever given onthe Midway. From the morning of June 8, when DeanRobinson called to order the first session of the AlumniSchool, until the lawyers and Rush Medical alumni adjourned their meetings late in the evening of June 16there was a well nigh continuous list of events runningthrough the waking hours of the day with several andsundry celebrations running well into hours normallydedicated to sleep.Many of the events that have become almost traditional at Reunion time found a place on the program.There were the annual dinner meetings and banquets ofthe Social Service Administrators, the South Side Medical Alumni, the Doctors of Philosophy, the Law SchoolAlumni and the Rush Medical graduates. The Classesof 1886, 1896, 1901, 1911, 1912, 1916, 1917, 1931 and1935 all staged more or less elaborate celebrations.The most impressive class reunion ever witnessed atthe University was the quarter centennial of the Classof Ee-o-lev-en. From the opening of the first bottleof sarsaparilla in the late afternoon of Thursday, June8 until the final cup of tea on the following Sundayevening, the cohorts of 1911 broke all local reunionrecords for numbers, enthusiasm, loyalty, and loquacity.The story of their escapades appears on another page.The Class of 1916 turned out in remarkable numbersto celebrate its twentieth reunion. Their reunion supperat the home of Isabelle MacMurray Anderson was amost delightful affair and the annual luncheon held inconjunction with the Class of 1917 was so well attendedthat there was scarce room for all the lunchers in theCoffee Shop.The Class of 1935, never content to conform to thecustomary, staged their first annual Fandango Reunionat 10:10 on Friday night following the dramatic program in Mandel Hall and the Band Concert in Hutchinson Court. Under the auspices of '35 outdoor dancingwas provided for the modest sum of twenty-five centsper participant for all alumni and so many took advantage of the opportunity that the Class coffers werebulging by one o'clock in the morning.Friday night's Reunion Revue was a delightful potpourri from the best of the undergraduate dramaticofferings of the year. Frank O'Hara's thespians didcredit to themselves and their director. The dramaticprogram was followed by an outdoor concert by theUniversity Concert Band under the able leadership ofDirector Harold B. Bachman.The Annual Alumni Assembly on Saturday afternoonoffered a stimulating program, greatly appreciated bythe thousand alumni that crowded Mandel Hall. There were delightful addresses by Vice President Woodwardand Gordon J. Laing, Professor Emeritus of Latin andGeneral Editor of the University Press. Then as a fitting innovation we had two impressive talks by returningmembers of the twenty-five year class. Cyrus LeRoyBaldridge, artist and author, spoke on Americanism:What Is It? and Nathaniel Peffer, author, lecturer, andpublicist took for his subject Can America Keep Out ofWar? The program was made the more interesting by abrief extemporaneous talk by George E. Vincent, whowas back at Chicago to give the Convocation address andto reune with the Class of 1911, of which he is an honorary member.From every angle the Saturday assembly was successful. All those in attendance were not only entertainedbut intellectually stimulated. In the words of a formerpresident of the Chicago Stock Exchange, a most objective critic, "I grade this program one hundred per cent."The traditional Alumnae Breakfast was held on Saturday noon in the Cloister Club at Ida Noyes Hall and wasattended by more than three hundred who enjoyed notonly an hour of social relaxation but an outstanding program climaxed by an address by Professor Mayme I.Logsdon of the Department of Mathematics.Through the courtesy of the University of ChicagoPress nearly seven hundred alumni were entertained atan author's tea in the late afternoon of Saturday. Theentire second floor of the Quadrangle Club was givenover for this occasion and some thirty of our faculty authors were present to greet the returning alumni. Delicious refreshments were served in the Club dining room.The twenty-sixth annual University Sing was held onSaturday evening in Hutchinson Court. Seventeen fraternities competed before some ten or twelve or fourteenthousand people, all dependent upon the man who didthe estimating. The weather was ideal. Two radiochains broadcast portions of the program. Phi GammaDelta won first place for quality and Alpha Delta Phi produced the greatest number of songsters. The Sing waspreceded by a band concert and was followed by the induction of Aides and Marshals and the presentation ofblankets to the graduating "C" men.The Alumni School and ConferenceThe first Alumni School to be held on the Midwayproved a remarkable success from both the quantitativeand qualitative standpoints. For five days the alumniwere offered an intriguing program of lectures and discussions by a faculty of thirty-five experts. Three sessions were held each day and the attendance at the individual meetings ran from 138 low, to 464 high. Altogether seven hundred and eleven alumni registered forone or more of the courses and more than forty attendedall sessions of the school. The total attendance at the fifteen assemblies of the School ran well over thirty-four6THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 7hundred. More than one hundred and fifty alumni, residing outside of the fifty mile circle, registered for theSchool and there were representatives in attendance fromtwenty-six states and two foreign countries. Quantitatively the Alumni School exceeded all anticipations.From the qualitative standpoint the School was justas outstanding. Many of the leading members of theUniversity faculty cooperated in making this a most successful week of academic refurbishing and generous contributions were made by Lorado Taft, John Thwaites,Daniel Catton Rich, and George Benson from outside thefaculty fold. The interest and enthusiasm of the Alumnistudents is amply shown by the scores of laudatory letters that have come into the Alumni Office. Practicallyall of our correspondents express the hope that the Alumni School may become a permanent feature of Reunionweek.Program of the First Alumni SchoolMonday, June 8The Critical Tradition and Modern Art, Professor Edward F. RothschildThe Subjective Tradition in Modern Art, John ThwaitesPainting — 1936: Towards a New Baroque, Daniel Cat-ton Rich.Roundtable DiscussionTrends in American Literature, Professor Percy H.BoyntonThe Antiquity of American Humor, Professor WalterBlairThe Contemporary Theatre, Professor Napier WiltA visit to the Lorado Taft StudioTuesday, June 9Newer Phases in Child Psychology.Problems in learning and behavior presented by Professors Frank N. Freeman and Mandel Sherman and byMiss Ethel Kawin.Roundtable DiscussionA New Conception of Intelligence, Professor L. L. ThurstoneA Resume of Psychological Theory since 1900, with adiscussion of such general topics as Personality, MentalTests, Clinical Psychology and Social Psychology by Professors Harvey Carr, Forrest A. Kingsbury, Arthur W.Kornhauser, Arthur G. Bills, Harold A. Swenson, andDr. A. W. Brown.Wednesday, June 10A Diagnosis of Municipal Ills, Professor Jerome G.KerwinWhat the Council Manager Plan Can Do for Cities, Professor Clarence E. RidleyShall We Retain the Constitution ? Professor Andrew C.McLaughlin Milton Everett Robinson, Jr., 'II, JD '13The man who planned and perfected the 1936 Reunionprogram. With the spontaneous enthusiasm of a memberof Ee-o-lev-en, plus the judgment and discrimination ofa law graduate of '13, "Milt" Robinson presided overone of the most successful reunion sessions ever scheduledon the Midway. Doubling as General Reunion Chairmanand as Dean of the Alumni School he gave unstintedly ofhis time and effort and won high praise from hundredsof returning alumni for the finesse and felicity of hisperformance.Political or Professional Service in Government, GeorgeC. S. BensonAre Ballots Counted or Weighed? Professor Harold F.GosnellPropaganda and Government, Professor Harold D. LasswellThursday, June 11Taxation and the Revenue Situation in State and LocalGovernment, Professor Simeon E. LelandThe Federal Financial Situation, Professor Jacob VinerThe Changing Social .Scene, Professor William F. OgburnBanking Legislation of 1935,A Roundtable Discussion by Dean William H. Spencer, Professors Garfield Cox and Carl H. Henrikson.Machinery for Settling Labor Disputes,A Roundtable Discussion by Dean William H. Spencer, Professors Raleigh W. Stone and Stuart P. Meech.Friday, June 12Economics and War, Professor A. Eugene StaleyWhither American Foreign Policy? Professor FrederickL. SchumanImpressions of Italy at War, Professor Paul H. DouglasThe Soviet Union and the Outside World, ProfessorSamuel N. HarperThe Contemporary Far East, Professor Harley F.McNairWHAT A PhD. THINKS ABOUT• By EDWARD SCRIBNER AMES, PhD'95, Professor Emeritus of PhilosophyTHIS subject was not chosen for autobiographicalpurposes. Nor is the speech based upon extensiveresearch, such as might have been conducted by aquestionnaire. Had time, funds, and disposition allowed,it might have been interesting to inquire of several thousand Ph.Ds. as to what they think about when they wakeup in the morning, or just before they go to sleep atnight, or when they are relaxed, if they ever relax. Butthese remarks I am about to make are only impressionistic, fragmentary, after-dinner ruminations.The subject under consideration is the Ph.D. as such.One of my professors at Yale, with whom this expression, as such, was a great favorite, employed it to delimitany subject to its very essence, or to the exact terms ofthe definition given. For example, he defined psychologyas the science of the states of consciousness, as such. Bythis phrase he stripped the states of consciousness downto their bare bones, eliminated their context, their implications, their practical reference, their concreteness. Thisis what I am suggesting in the case of a Ph.D. Let ustake him pure, unalloyed. Let us separate from hisPhDness the fact of his being a man, or a woman, afather, brother, citizen, democrat, or pagan. The pointis perhaps best illustrated by a Ph.D. who was once awoman, but as a Ph.D. is abstracted from all that isfeminine. This abstracted, denatured, unsexed being has,as such, become impartial, impersonal, free from prejudice, bias, sentiment, and every manner of complex. ThePh.D. proper, then, is out on the tip end of a very longlimb of the human tree, so far that the circulation of thesap of human impulse runs faintly in his veins (perhapsI should say its veins) and the tension of human emotionis scarcely noticeable in its respiration.It takes a long time to develop a Ph.D. as such :to disinfect him of his native soil, to deodorize him ofthe aroma of the human herd. Seldom is the processentirely complete, for occasionally there are signs, evenin elaborate workings of minds at this altitude, of theearthy influence of disturbing winds of doctrine, and theupsurge of old antipathies. But when the discipline hasbeen applied from early youth through a long term ofyears the mind may become immune from the personalequation, or at least may become expert in allowingfor it. Immunity is also frequently achieved with reference to the corrupting appeal of monetary rewards, andof popular applause. Withdrawn into the monastic cellof the laboratory, or the subterranean depths of a librarystall, in- a sound-proof room, the needle point of attentionis not deflected by the noisy clamor of the street, or thetremors of marching throngs.At first thought it would seem that the problem offinding what a Ph.D. thinks about is simplified by thefact that the Ph.D. can use language. The attempt tolearn what a baby thinks about, or what a dog thinks*An address delivered at the annual dinner of the Association of theDoctors of Philosophy June 13, 1936. about, is complicated by the fact that they do not usewords. But the opposite difficulty often appears in thecase of the Ph.D., because he uses language too well,or rather because he employs words in such unfamiliarways. I have often noticed with much interest the behavior of members of the faculty during the proceedingsof the convocation exercises. Each one as he sits downpicks up the nicely printed list of graduates with thetitles of the theses written by those who have receivedthe long training and the required refinement of knowledge to permit them to become Ph.Ds. The few members of the faculty present on these occasions turnquickly to the titles of the theses and now and thennudge each other to share a discovery of some title thattwo professors of different departments can understand,or to share amazement over the titles in which the individual words are quite intelligible but their combination in the title entirely opaque. For example, "Magnetic Spectra of Electronic Radiation Produced by theBombardment of a Silver Target with High-Speed Electrons." Or this: "The Mechanism of Substitution inthe Aromatic Nucleus : Direct Additions in the BenzeneRing." Or this: "Reconstruction in Hydra as Evidencefor the Gradiaent Conception."Other titles of theses make sense in one sphere ofdiscourse but raise a wondering query as to how theycan designate something so technical and complicatedas a research study for a Ph.D. For instance, the subject, "A Study of the Phenomenon of Reminiscence,"might suggest after-dinner speeches or alumni reunions."The Marketing of Pacific Coast Fruits in Chicago,"and the "Classified Property Tax in the United States,"are titles of Doctors' theses, but one wonders what thefruits or the taxes look like when they have been subjected to the refinements of doctorial ratiocination. Ihave been particularly intrigued by the availability ofvery ordinary, homely things for transformation intoimpressive scientific material when subjected to expertPh.D. thinking. For example, the common knee-jerkhas been a remarkably fruitful' phenomenon when madethe subject of individual and collective studies in ourdistinguished department of physiology. Without attempting to follow these studies of the knee-jerk throughthe history of the department, I quote the titles of a fewresearches made on this problem as contained in thereport of the president of the University of Chicago forthe year 1928-29. That year, you will notice antedatesthe present administration. A more thorough historicalstudy of these reports might afford some evidence as towhether the knee-jerk has increased or diminished inthe attention of this department over a period of years.But in the one year 1928-29 the following investigationswere reported. Apparently various members of the department collaborated in an extended series of studiesof this subject, each investigator dealing with the problem from the point of view of his own special interest.8THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 9Thus you would easily identify the authorship of thereport on, "The Effect of Hunger Contractions upon theKnee Jerk." Almost as easily you would guess whoworked on, "The Effect of Moderate Doses of EphedrinSulphate on the Knee Jerk." But it was still anothermember of the department who reported on, "The Effectof Moderate Doses of Morphine Sulphate on the KneeJerk of the Cat." As a sort of glorified appendix tothis last study is this: "Additional Note on the Effectof Raised Intrapulmonic Pressure on the Knee Jerk,Heart Rate, and State of Consciousness!"I do not mean to unduly magnify the achievement ofany one department in these documented citations ofwhat a Ph.D. thinks about. Some one in Home Economics and Household Administration dealt with thissubject: "Human Energy Cost of Operating a VacuumCleaner at Different Speeds." But in other departments,larger and more cosmic theses are listed in this reportof the year 1928-29. An Art Instructor wrote on,"Hell," but it was, "Hell in the Florentine BaptisteryMosaic and in Giotto's Paduan Fresco," while the Professor of Philosophy who was destined to become also aState Senator, wrote, in collaboration with ClarenceDarrow and others, "A Preface to the Universe." Ofcourse this Preface to the Universe was the work of ademocrat and in the light of subsequent history may beseen as prophetic of the New Deal ; a New Deal for theUniverse, as it were.You may have noticed from what has been said thatwhat a Ph.D., as such, things about, is often differentfrom what a man, as such, thinks about. A man in thenatural, uncontaminated state, may think of anythingwhatever. The objects of his thought may shift rapidlyor may hold the focus of attention steadily for longperiods. The thoughts may be random or orderly,concrete or abstract, personal and intimate, or formaland indifferent. But the thoughts of a Ph.D. must persist, proceed, and eventuate in terms of his one chosenfield of inquiry. What he thinks about may be optionalbefore he begins to become a Doctor of Philosophy, butwhen he has once found a professor whom he likes andwhose specialty he likes, there is only a limited andcircumscribed area for his inquiry and reflection. Allhis professional life he must stay within this one laneof the great highway of travel. It will be dangerousfor him to veer out of his path. If he is a chemist hemust not try to be at the same time a biologist, or asociologist, or an ornithologist. If he assumes to crossany of these lines he is suspected by his fellow chemists,and rejected by the other fraternities of specialists. Inparticular he must not, whatever his proper scientificspecialty, permit himself to wander into philosophy forit is assumed that in philosophy he would find nothingof importance, but by the very attempt to adopt philosophy he would lose whatever respectability he mayhave had as a scientist.I said that as a man it is allowable to think of anysubject whatever — courtship and marriage, personalpopularity, wealth, fame, happiness, death and destiny,but a Ph.D., as such, thinks of none of these things unless he makes it the one main thing for all his profes sional thinking. It is an interesting question as to howany Ph.D. happened to get to thinking about the particular thing he thinks about. Sometimes it is what hisfather was interested in, or his brother, or an uncle,or a benefactor. It may be due to some course recommended by a dean, or it may have come about by reading a book, or by hearing a lecture on the opening ofKing Tutankamen's tomb, or by suffering, or seeingothers suffer, from some malady or some injustice. Iremember the story a dentist told me as to how hechanced to become a dentist. While he was at work onmy tooth, I began to wonder how the man ever got intothe profession, and asked him what determined him tobe a dentist. "Well," he said, "when I was a boy, aphrenologist came to our town and I had him make achart of my head. He told me that the cranial bumpsindicated that I had a mechanical turn, and that decidedme to become a dentist."There are, of course, provisions in many schools forvocational guidance, and through their college course,students have various opportunities to discover for themselves something about their own aptitudes and tastes, —from survey courses, advice of instructors, and information concerning openings in professions and scholarlypursuits. Yet it remains a very significant fact that thespecial subject upon which one is to do his most arduousthinking is hit upon in more or less fortuitous ways.This is partly what is meant when it is said that man'srational life rests upon the irrational. However reasonable and scientific a man's professional life may be, itis scarcely possible to show that what he thinks about,that is, his profession itself, was the choice of a reasonedand logical decision. There is evidence to show thatmen are persuaded to go into certain pursuits by socialpressure of the environment, by economic needs, bythe prestige of certain callings in given periods, and bythe influence of enthusiasts in scientific and culturalfields. For example, it is said of Agassiz that "he didnot wait for students to come to him; he made inquiryfor promising collectors, and when he heard of one, hewrote, inviting and urging him to come. . . . He saidto every one that a year or two of natural history,studied as he understood it, would give the best training for any kind of mental work. Sometimes he wasamusingly naif in this regard, as when he offered to puthis whole Museum at the disposition of the Emperor ofBrazil if he would but come and labor there." "As aresult of his activities every notable teacher of naturalhistory in the United States for the second half of thenineteenth century was at some time a pupil of Agassizor of one of his students."Sometimes, but not always, a Ph.D. thinks about thisquestion as to how he came to think about what hethinks about, and then he perceives that there is a relation between prevailing social conditions and the run ofattention in the individual. A pioneer, frontier epochstimulates people otherwise than does an industrial,urban, maturing society. It is not difficult to understand why more interest has lately developed in economics, and political science. Even philosophy has beenquickened by the challenge of war and depression to10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEinquire anew into the question of values and meaningsin life. More people than ever before are askingwhether, if we are sophisticated persons, we can haveanything more than councils of despair, glossed over perhaps with some light humor and its tinkling laughter. Itseems characteristic of the times to praise and exploithumor as a high virtue, and I think it is a virtue, ifunderstood as Chesterton has interpreted it, but muchof the humor of our day lacks depth. It has no somaticresonance, no significant reverberation. Maybe we needto be analyzed — I do not say merely psycho-analyzed—to find out how what we think about is motivated. Certainly many problems of research arise in the practiceof medicine. Others arise in agriculture, mining, transportation, communication. Astronomy sets our watchesby the stars though it is not necessary to conclude thatthe purpose of astronomy is to give good train service,any more than it would be adequate to think that thechief reason for studying the spots on the sun is to discover what the weather will be two days or two monthshence. We know how to sympathize with the mood ofProfessor Michelson when asked, as he often was, abouthis studies of the speed of light. "What's the good ofit," they asked, and the only answer he could give tosuch questioners was an exclamation, an expletive ! Partof his answer to those who did not ask him was thestory of a prominent citizen who sat by him at a dinner.Endeavoring to make conversation with a man whosefame was so much bound up with light, the prominentcitizen spoke with such enthusiasm and special appreciation of Thomas Edison and the inventions he had madein the use of light and electricity that Professor Michel-son remarked that he thought Faraday should be givensome credit in those matters, whereupon the citizen exclaimed in surprise, "Who in hell is Faraday? I neverheard of him!"This lack of popular appreciation for research doesnot disprove the view that research is motivated in thelast analysis by needs, pressures, or tendencies in humanlife. The full discussion of this point would involvethe question as to what the public thinks about Ph.Ds.The fact that Ph.Ds. are permitted to exist at all, andthe further fact that society provides in some way fortheir endowment, would require consideration. The factthat prophets sometimes get stoned is not final proofthat those who throw the stones do not need the prophets.Professor Josiah Royce some years ago gave a lecturebefore the philosophy club of this University the subject of which he said might be paraphrased, "How to bea Cultivated Person, though a Graduate Student," andhis prescription for this worthy end was the study ofthe biographies of the leaders in one's field. Throughthe personal history of great thinkers it is possible tosee something of the roots of their interest in the en vironment, and in the influences which move aboutthem.The other side of the problem is to discover how theimportant work of specialists may be more adequatelywrought into the fabric of common life. Research workwas defined at one of the convocation dinners here yearsago as the gathering of materials from obscure placesand putting them in other inaccessible places. This Isuppose is confirmed by the stacks of dust covereddoctors' theses hidden away in the depths of the university libraries. Perhaps it is also confirmed by thegreat thoughts safely enshrined in many ivory towers,thoughts too subtle, too fine, too advanced to be exposed to the light and air. One of my colleagues holds,as I understand him, though he doubts whether any onereally understands him, that we must have experts whoare in no sense practitioners. It is their business tothink pure thoughts in their lofty realm. Then thereare needed others who will ascend into the presence ofthese experts and carry down to the masses and makepractical application so far as possible of the vision beheld in the heights. The plan that appeals to me evenmore than this is to form a labor union among the Ph.Ds.and limit the working hours of the members as all goodunions do, to something like forty hours per week. Thenin the enforced freedom of the other waking hours whenthe Ph.Ds. are not allowed to think about what theyprofessionally think about, at least not in the way theyordinarily think about it, they shall live in the midst ofthe common life, mingling as Socrates did with hisneighbors, asking questions, and observing the greatdrama on the world's great stage. Like him, theywould take into the thick of things their method of careful analysis, cautious generalization, and practical experimentation. They would be required to recognize theobligations of citizenship, to be informed about politicalissues, and the deeper matters which condition politicalissues. They would be expected to learn how to relax,and to play, and to think at least half the time about theproblems that concern practical life. In this way thePh.D. would think about what a man thinks about, ora woman thinks about, and in the open spaces of thewide-spread leisure from manual labor which have become possible, there could be cultivated for masses ofmen more of the life of the mind and of real beauty. Ourcountry from its founding has been committed to theidea that education is the safe-guard of our liberties,and the University of Chicago was founded in the conviction that the highest scholarship ultimately has valuefor humanity. There are now more than three thousanddoctors of philosophy of this university. What theythink about as Ph.Ds. is important, but what they thinkabout as men and women and citizens who are alsoPh.Ds. is of still greater importance.SUMMER ON THE QUADRANGLESCloister Club — at Ida Noyes Hall — deserts thedining room in favor of the eool outdoor cloisters in the shadow of the ehapel tower.To the left: HullCourt whose beauties are well knownto every alumnus.To the right: TheCoffee Shop movesout on the terraceoverlooking Hutchinson fountain. Dudley Field provides a beautiful background andsatisfactory playing field for the teams of the interdepartmental twilight league.¦©"'*(Siff ^I1kfeW^P JjjKjW*^T flHoward Mori acts as personal director of anon-campus tour. A party of six in the popular outdoor court atInternational House.UNIVERSITY'S MEDICAL PROGRAMAs Discussed at the Rush DinnerVice President Woodward Broaches the SubjectI DON'T really have much to do. with Rush MedicalCollege, at least not with its administration. I getcommunications from Dean Irons, recommendations of all kinds, and I have so much confidence inhim and I know so little about the men whom he recommends anyway that I just O. K. and pass it along. Ofcourse I am concerned, as all of the administrative officers of the University are concerned and have been concerned as long as I can remember with the difficultproblem that has confronted the University, namely thatof the relation of the two Medical Schools to eacrTotherand to the University as a whole. I shall not attemptto recite the history of the present administration tosolve that problem. At times it has seemed unsolvable.However, the University as you already know has recently taken steps which certainly are of great significance and we earnestly hope will rapidly bring abouta happy solution of the problem. It has been definitelysettled again that medical teaching and research will becontinued on the West Side and all the resources that wecan demand will be devoted to it. Furthermore it hasbeen decided to unite the medical work on the WestSide and on the South Side in one administrative organization. There will be one medical school operating ,¦within the division of the Biological Sciences of the University and on the West Side it is our purpose to developa program which will have in the long run two importantfunctions. First advanced training, thoroughly scientificin character leading to the certification of specialists inthe various fields; second, to direct prolonged study afterthe M.D. degree. As the number of advanced studentsincrease it is believed that the number of undergraduatestudents will be gradually reduced. The University now turns out more doctors than any other MedicalSchool in the country. It may be that in the end undergraduate instruction will disappear entirely from theWest Side, but I want to assure you that no precipitoussteps will be taken.In uniting the-two schools it has been generally agreedthat to bring the administration under the direction ofthe Dean of Biological Sciences there should be appointed a full-time officer. An officer who will have thefreedom to keep in touch with the work on the SouthSide and the West Side, so that the schools may becomeone in fact as well. Therefore Dr. Emmett Bay willtake over the administration of the West Side on July 1with the title of Associate Dean of the Division of Biological Sciences. Naturally I cannot let this moment passwithout attempting to express our appreciation to Dr.Irons. It would be futile for me to try to tell you anything about him as a physician, scientist, teacher andeven as an administrative officer, but I can tell you thatduring all these difficult years his dealings with the President's Office have been conducted with patience and consideration and such a cooperative and helpful spirit as toearn not only our admiration and respect but our confidence and our devotion. He has served faithfully theinterests both for Rush and for the University and hedeserves your gratitude and ours. I am sure that Dr.Bay will find in him a valuable advisor. For Dr. Bay Iconfidently bespeak your hearty support. A Rush manhimself I am sure he can count on your loyal assistancein maintaining and spreading the great institution ofwhich we are so justly proud, an institution which has amagnificent history and which now promises to have afuture even greater than its past.Dean Ernest E. Irons Tells of the FutureONE Medical School, one name — Rush — one administration, progressive reduction in size ofclasses, increased emphasis on advanced medicaltraining. Most important of all, the adoption of a policy, and the termination of indecision. This announcement thrills us all. It is of tremendous importance tothe Faculties, to Alumni, and to present and future students. It means much to the Presbyterian and CookCounty Hospitals, the Central Free Dispensary, to themedical interests of Chicago, to the University of Chicago, to medical education.It is impossible to mention by name all those whogave freely of their time in the discussions that led tothe final result. I must pay tribute, however, to thePresident of the Board of Managers of the PresbyterianHospital and the members of his special committee fortheir parent and intelligent studies of the issues involved. The solution now seems simple enough, and yet theproblem has been extremely complex. In spite of numerous disappointments and failures through the yearssince 1898, when President Harper* effected the affiliation of Rush with the University of Chicago, hope hasnever been abandoned, and we have always believedthat ultimately a way would be found to accomplish theresult which we now celebrate. I am satisfied that thepresent program as outlined by the President is the bestthat could be devised. The further passage of yearswill be required for most of us fully to grasp the importance of the great step that has been taken. Muchstudy and many readjustments, together with the lapseof time, will be required to complete this unification andto realize the great possibilities of Rush Medical Schoolof the University of Chicago. But the essential elementsare there, chief of which are the high scholastic ideals12THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 13of a great University, the fine tradition and achievementof a School which next year completes a century of service, and faculties whose qualifications are recognizedthroughout the nation.Perhaps you will bear with me while I outlinebriefly the steps which have led to the present situation,the events not of three long years, but of twelve longyears. !In 1924, Rush Medical College, previously only affiliated, became one of the schools and an integral partof the University of Chicago. On repeated occasionsduring these twelve years it seemed that a satisfactoryformula had been found, but each time some seriousfault appeared. I recall a remark of President Masonmade after weeks of friendly but fruitless conference, tothe effect that he was confident that there must be a satisfactory formula if we could but find it.In addition to the intricacies inherent in the problem itself, negotiations and adjustments were often interrupted by changes of administration. From 1924 to thepresent time there have been five Presidents and ActingPresidents of the University and four Presidents of theBoard of Managers of the Presbyterian Hospital, fourDirectors of Clinics at the University, not to mentionsundry changes of Deans at the University. Nearly everyyear saw some change in administration, involving a restatement of facts and points of view, in order that attempts at progress toward a satisfactory settlement ofour difficulties might go on.It is little wonder that, in; the words of PresidentHutchins, the question came to be known at the University as the "Rush Problem" and at Rush as the "University Problem."Viewing these years of effort in retrospect it seemsevident that one and perhaps the greatest difficulty layin the original conception of the medical activities ofthe University as comprising two schools, and in theassumption that the West Side school would be a RushPostgraduate School. The report in 1931 of the President's Committee, under the chairmanship of DeanScammon, on the feasibility and desirability of postgraduate work in a separate school, effectively disposed ofmany illusions as to the quality of postgraduate workcarried on in some other schools. The Committee unanimously advised against such type of work as not of agrade worthy of the University of Chicago. The alternative was the continuation of two undergraduate medicalschools, although this was recognized by everyone as second choice, and a temporary expedient.It was only after the concept of one school wassubstituted for that of two schools that further progressbecame possible. Another decision, necessary to thesolution of the problem, concerned the Presbyterian Hospital. The Board of Managers gave long and carefulconsideration to the question as to whether the Hospitalwould move to the Midway, or would continue the development of its plant on the present site. The decisionof last month to remain on the West Side was a largefactor in determining the continuation of University activity on the West Side.The resolutions of the Board of Trustees now provide for one school with the name of Rush, with unifiedadministration, progressive reduction in number of stu- Doctor Ironsdents, and increased emphasis on advanced professionalstudy, with the possible exclusion, after a period of years,of undergraduate instruction on the West Side.President Hutchins has repeatedly made this point,and stated that he did so in order that in the event theUniversity should find it desirable in future years tocease undergraduate teaching on the West Side, it couldnot be said that he had not mentioned the possibility.While it seems wiser to many of us to combineundergraduate teaching with a postgraduate program, itis equally clear that it is entirely within the proper province of the Trustees to develop the several departmentsof the University as they believe in the best interestof education. Medical education is not static, and itis even conceivable that the University in years to comemight find it in the best interest of medical educationto emphasize advanced professional training on theMidway.We must recognize that it is beyond the power ofanyone to predict what changes may come in education.For the present it is obvious that undergraduate instruction will continue on the West Side, but we hope thatadditional funds may soon be available so that the number of students may be materially reduced.I would further point out that the development ofadvanced professional training in which we are all deeplyinterested as a part of the activity of the one* medicalschool of the University, is entirely different in its implications from the proposal of years ago for the creationof two schools, one of which, Rush, should be devotedonly to postgraduate teaching at a distance from theUniversity.The statement of the President that the Universitywill maintain work in the West Side portion of its oneschool on a plane worthy of the University and of Rush,is assurance of the active interest of the University.It is my opinion that the University will find ithighly desirable, both educationally and financially, tocontinue for a number of years undergraduate with graduate instruction on the West Side. In no other way willfull advantage be taken of facilities, including 800 to 1 ,000beds and their upkeep, which only could be replaced14 THE UNIVERSITY OF C IT I C A G O MAGAZINEby funds amounting to over $20,000,000.00, and of professional service not purchasable at any price.A modest program of advanced medical training hasalready been in operation in Rush for over ten years inseveral of the departments, offered to qualified graduatesin medicine who are willing to devote from one to threeyears in preparing themselves for the practice of a specialty. In a less formal, but often more effective waywe have carried on advanced training of graduates, byresidencies and assistantships— -making them a part ofthe team, in the care of patients and in some teaching,at the same time affording them facilities and directionfor the prosecution of research. This kind of traininghas developed a number of promising men, some of whomare still with us, both on the West and South Side, andothers of whom have gone to head departments in Medical Schools of other Universities.It is this kind of advanced medical training of aquality worthy of the University of Chicago and the Rushname which I hope may be continued, and amplified onthe West Side.One of the important actions provided for in theresolutions of the Trustees concerns unification of administration. While this of necessity must follow ratherthan precede the resolution providing for union, it isin no sense secondary in importance. With unity ofadministration, union in theory becomes union in fact.To delay this step would jeopardize the success of theentire plan. On recommendation of the President, theTrustees of the University have appointed as of July 1,1936, Dr. Emmett B. Bay as Associate Dean of theDivision of Biological Sciences who will devote his timeto administration of Rush on the West Side and to theworking out of details whereby the work done previouslyby two schools will be combined in one. I bespeakyour wholehearted cooperation with Dr. Bay in his difficult undertaking of co-ordinating the work on the WestSide with that on the Midway.But administrative unity alone will not carry out theintent of this union of the Medical Schools of the University. For many years we have carried on our workon the West Side in spite of the lack of adequate laboratories, beds and funds. Each year the deficienciesin facilities have become more strikingly acute, as otherschools with larger funds have added to their equipment.The Presbyterian Hospital has delayed building changesand improvements until a decision could be reached as totheir plans, and those of Rush. Rush was estopped fromobtaining funds because no one could be expected to givefunds to an institution without a policy or program.It is now possible to proceed to make plans for therehabilitation of the College plant and the obtaining ofendowment for support of research and teaching. Thisunion is of so recent accomplishment that there has beenno formal consideration of specific plans. Whatever maybe the details determined upon, improvements in plant,funds for fellowships and assistants, for salaries, and forthe establishments of laboratories in physiology, physio logic chemistry, bacteriology, and pathology are urgentlyneeded. These laboratories should be inter-departmentalin relationship so that they can serve any departmentwhich has a problem requiring special facilities for study.Additional space will be necessary and can be obtained by adding two floors to the Rawson Building. Anestimate (again tentative) of funds necessary calls foran expenditure of $200,000 for construction, and endowment of $3,000,000 for maintenance of budget withstudents reduced to 50% of the present number. Thereshould be available 200 clinical beds in the PresbyterianHospital, allocated among departments. Not all of thisprogram can be realized at once, but a substantial beginning should be made within the year if possible.This decision will give added impetus to the WestSide Park District, the original idea of which waslaunched at the dedication of the Rawson Building in1924. This plan was based upon the general proposition that if we can not move the hospitals grouped inthis area into a park, we can put a park around thehospitals. A small beginning has already been made bythe removal of some, of the decrepit buildings and thecreation of open spaces. This compact district containsmore hospital beds and medical activities than aregrouped together anywhere else in the world, and thecreation of a park around the district has a great publicappeal.The Rush CentennialRush Medical College was chartered by the Stateof Illinois on March 2, 1837. Next year we hope .tocelebrate the one hundredth anniversary of the grantingof this charter. The Rush Alumni Association thisafternoonf appointed a Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. Herbst to cooperate with other Committeesin making plans for this celebration. We shall commemorate two events separated in time by one hundredyears, the founding of Rush and the completion of itsunion with the University of Chicago in one school. Thiscelebration can be made the occasion of an announcement of the program for Rush Medical School: and anappeal for funds to carry it out. We have reason tohope that the Boards of the University, the Hospitaland the Dispensary will join in such a plan.The medical activities of the University are nowunited in one school and the name of that school is Rush.The fine traditions of a century are perpetuated andfirmly united with the high ideals of a great University.This should satisfy the fondest hopes of us all.I cannot close without attempting to express inwords that I know are inadequate my affection and admiration for the Rush Faculty. No administrative officer ever had more loyal support. It is my hope thatwe may work on together in the ranks under the newadministration and that the coming centennial year maymark the beginning of another century of service tomedical education and humanity.THE UNIVERSITY OfNAUGHTY-ONE ASSEMBLESON Friday evening, June 12, a group of fourteen metfor dinner at the Quadrangle Club to celebrate thethirty-fifth anniversary of the graduation of the Class of1901. Thirteen sent greetings by letter or telegram, sothat in spirit, at least, we numbered twenty-seven.After the excellent dinner, in the absence of thepresident, Arthur Bestor, Herbert P. Zimmermann tookcharge and directed in his genial manner an informalinterchange of personal reminiscences. Although DonaldRichberg, the Class Musician, could not come to lead thesinging, we bravely tackled the Class Song, "We Are theClass of Naughty-One," and before the evening was overrendered the refrain with spirit and volume. The program was in the hands of the members and each one contributed his part wholeheartedly to make the evening asuccess.Those present were Alma Yondorf Hirschberg, Dr.and Mrs. Alfred Lewy (Minnie Barnard), C. A. McCarthy, Dr. Adolph C. Noe, Helen Carmody Smith,Dr. and Mrs. Kellogg Speed, Dr. and Mrs. R. M.Strong (Ethel Freeman), Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Weston,Herbert P. Zimmermann, and Marian Fairman.Letters and telegrams were read from ArthurBestor, Eliot Blackwelder, Josephine Burnham, EmilyCanfield, Grace Manning Downing, Francis G. Guittard,Donald S. McWilliams, Mary D. Miles, Donald Richberg, Fred Sass, Grace Sealey Smith, Leroy T. Vernonand Alia Webb.These greetings were much enjoyed, especially thepersonal histories, and it is hoped that all members ofthe class who have not done so, will send in some accountof their activities since graduation as promptly as possible. Our goal is a real Class History and it cannot bereached without the cooperation of all. Please sendall material to Marian Freeman, the Class Secretary,either at her home address, 4744 Kenwood Avenue, Chicago, or in care of the Alumni Office.After a rising vote of thanks to the Secretary forarranging the dinner, the Class adjourned to meet againin 1941.SILVER JUBILEE REUNION OFEE-O-LEV-ENBEYOND peradventure of doubt, the Twenty-fifth orSilver Jubilee Reunion of the 1911 Class providedthe greatest entertainment for four days beginning June11th that any Alumni Class of this University has everoffered its members, and more than two hundred of. themand their wives or husbands took advantage of it. Ofthese, fifty-three were from outside the Chicago area.Nineteen hundred and eleven is probably the firstclass to provide hotel accommodations for the period ofits Reunion and nearly fifty persons at the Chicago BeachHotel took advantage of the opportunity for a "mass"house party for the Class. Miss Sylvia A. Miller ofRainier, Washington, took the class prize for greatest dis- CHICAGO MAGAZINE 15tance traveled, with Glenn Stibbs of San Francisco as aclose second.Seventy-two men enjoyed a luxurious "stag" dinnerThursday night, June 11th at the Hotel Sherman, with"Teddy" Linn as the chief, but not the only speaker of tivtevening. Paul H. Davis presided. At the same timenearby half as many '11 women dined in Ida Noyes Hallon the Midway. Lively exchanges of telegrams kept bothgroups in long distance contact. At the men's dinner,Class President Vallee O. Appel performed the unusualfeat, from the inside of the "C"-shaped table, of namingevery man present, his home town, and giving a few sentences about his business, family, and the like. Severalof those present lie had not seen for twenty-five years.A class dinner at Judson Court banquet hall Fridayevening was attended by one hundred and thirty-fourpersons and lasted till 10 P. M. Miss Ethel Kawin wasin charge, but Val Appel presided in collegiate style, calling on the many notables present for brief, speeches. Indiscussing a proposed Reunion gift by the class to theUniversity on a report by Moses Levitan, chairman ofthe gift committee, it was finally voted to recommendthat the- class endeavor to procure specimens of the artwork of its classmate, Cyrus LeRoy Baldridge, notedartist and illustrator, for presentation to the University.John Mason "Red" Houghland of Nashville, Tennessee,made the suggestion, which had especial interest becauseFisk University in his home town owns the entire collection of Baldridge's African sketches, purchased forand presented to it in 1931 by Samuel Insull.Following this dinner an impromptu reunion at theChicago Beach Hotel, attended by forty-two classmates,was sponsored by the six living Phi Gamma Deltas whowere initiated together in January, 1908, and who metagain for the first time since June, 1909. The six included William C. Gahrmann of. Davenport ; Charles L.Sullivan, Jr., of Dayton, Ohio; Karl Keefer, Dr. GerardN. Krost, Herbert A. Kellar and Hargrave A. Long, allof Chicago. It is rumored on good authority that thisparty broke up at dawn.Saturday the bright badges of EE-O-LEV-ENglittered all over the campus, and a vociferous groupnearly stampeded the afternoon alumni conferences withshout and song whenever any of their classmates werecalled on. As Reunion Chairman "Ev." Robinson, RoyBaldridge, and Nat Peffer of New York and GeorgeEdgar Vincent (honorary), all of Tl, constituted four-sixths of the speakers, the '11 din was raucous.Preceding the Sing, nearly one hundred and fiftymembers of the class were guests of Dr. and Mrs. CharlesW. Gilkey in their home and grounds at a buffet supperwhich afforded ample opportunity for reunion fellowship.Following the Sing, where 1911 enjoyed reservedseats by virtue of the influence of its classmate, NedEarle, its general director, the reunioners sped to theChicago Beach Hotel for an "After-the-Sing" supper,attended by over one hundred and sixty. For that occasion was reproduced and parodied the program of afarewell dinner given by the '11 Class to the then Deanand then-and-now Mrs. George E. Vincent, on the occasion of their departure for Minnesota. The printed program reproduced at the left, the program of March 4,16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE1911, and on the right its paraphrase of June 13, 1936.Professor and Mrs. Linn and Miss Marion Talbot werespecial guests of the class on this occasion, and all threespoke. Miss Talbot's "confession" that the 1911 Classhad completely refuted her long-held belief that underthe University "system" no class could develop "classspirit" brought special cheers. Ralph Lidster and Dr.Ralph Kuhns managed the party, and Val Appel servedas toastmaster."Teddy" Linn paid deserved compliment to "Ev."Robinson by telling several stories of his efficiency andpep during college days, especially in connection with the1910 journalism course in which "Ev." became managingeditor of the Aurora "Beacon." "Teddy" also gave hiseulogistic vocabulary a terrific workout in complimentingVal Appel, and reached his rhetorical climax in nominating, as the prospective third party candidates for theNovember elections a ticket headed by Val Appel forpresident, and Robert M. Hutchins for vice president.To save the nation the expense of an election this fall,the ticket so nominated was unanimously elected !After the supper, another group of the Reunionersmet in the Class headquarters for a midnight party,about thirty-five being present. The "convivium," likethat of Friday evening, afforded full opportunity forreminiscences of college experiences and renewal offriendships.On Sunday the Reunioners were guests of ClassPresident and Mrs. Vallee O. Appel and Class ReunionChairman and Mrs. Paul H. Davis at their respectivehomes in Highland Park and Kenilworth, nearly onehundred and fifty persons attending.The committees in charge of the 1911 Reunion included Paul H. Davis, 1911 Reunion Chairman; ValleeO. Appel, Class President; Mrs. Geraldine Brown Gilkey, Mrs. Margaret Hackett Sears, Milton E. Robinson,Jr., University Reunion Chairman; J. Arthur Miller,Treasurer; Hargrave A. Long, Publicity; S. EdwinEarle, University Sing; and Miss Ethel Kawin, MissMay J. Carey, Dr. Ralph H. Kuhns, Moses Levitan,R. Boynton Rogers, Ralph E. Lidster, and Alfred Heck-man Straube in charge of various special events.Greetings or regrets were received from nearly onehundred absentees from as widely separated members asMajor Norman L. Baldwin, U. S. Signal Corps, FortMills, Philippine Islands, and Edward B. Hall, Jr., inParis, France.The presence of eleven sons and daughters of members, most of whom are students at the University,proved a pleasant surprise at the Class Dinner Fridayevening.The advance publicity for the 1911 reunion surpassed all previous efforts in quantity and novelty, andan illustrated "broadside' of sixteen pages which reachedthe members on the Monday of Reunion week was especially effective in bringing out the unusually largeattendance that featured 191 l's greatest Reunion.The fund collected for Reunion expense was so generously ample that over $300 remains for the publicationand mailing to members of a "Reunion Souvenir" whichwill be a permanent reminder of 191 l's Silver Jubilee.During its many reunions the 1911 Class had elected several honorary members, their latest acquisition beingCharlton T. Beck, alumni secretary of the University.His predecessors in the category include Dr. and Mrs,George Edgar Vincent, Dr. Harry Pratt Judson, AlvinFrederick Kramer, George Raymond Schaeffer, JohnElmer Thomas and Harry Roland Swanson. All ofthem who are living attended at least one event of theSilver Jubilee, excepting Mrs. Vincent and "Ray"Schaeffer, who were out of town. Mr. Thomas flewfrom New York to attend the men's dinner.DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHY MEETThe thirty-first annual meeting of the Association ofDoctors of Philosophy was held on Saturday, June 13,1936, in Burton Court. There were seventy-two persons present, of whom twenty-one were new Doctorswho had received their degrees since the previous JuneConvocation. The secretary reported that one hundredand seventy new Doctors had received degrees sinceJune, 1935, making a total of 3,560 Ph.D's granted bythe University since its founding. Of those, 195 areknown to have died. Acting President Redfield welcomed the new members into the Association and Vice-President Woodward extended the words of greetingof the University to the Association.The chief address was an interesting talk by Professor E. S. Ames on the topic, "What a Ph.D. ThinksAbout." The newly elected officers of the Associationare as follows :President — A. Eustace Haydon.Vice-President — Harvey B. Lemon.Secretary — Herbert Blumer.Assistant Secretary — Harold A. Swenson.Councillor — Robert V. Merrill.DOUGLAS ADDRESSES LAW MENThe Annual Dinner of the Law School Associationon June 16, 1936, brought out the third largest attendanceon record — 234, under the chairmanship of Horace A.Young, with Leo Arnstein in charge of ticket sales.The guest of honor and speaker was Hon. James H.Douglas, Jr., formerly Assistant Secretary of the Treasury under both President Hoover and President Roosevelt, who discussed the question, "What is the AmericanSystem?" He answered it principally by an analysis ofthe Supreme Court decisions in the Guffey Coal, theAAA, and New York Minimum Wage Law cases.As Mr. Douglas is a Trustee of the University, a.special invitation was extended to the entire Board ofTrustees, many of whom attended. Harold H. Swift,President of the Board, was at the speaker's table. JohnR. Montgomery, Jr., President of the Law School Association, presided.The Class of 1911 celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary by an attendance of eight, as follows : Grant C.Armstrong, Pontiac, Illinois ; George T. Crossland, Chicago, Illinois ; Alice Greenacre, Chicago, Illinois ; WilliamP. MacCracken, Jr., Washington, D. C. ; Arthur C. Mc-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 17Gill, Des Moines, Iowa; Albert F. Mecklenburger, Chicago, Illinois; Edgar J. Phillips, Clearwater, Florida;Charles R. Stafford, Muscatine, Iowa.Albert F. Mecklenburger, as spokeman for theclass, introduced each for a bow and then followed theancient tradition (now two years old, established by theClass of 1909) for twenty-five year classes by announcinga gift of $425.00 for scholarship purposes.Thirty-three members of the Class of 1936, who hadbeen invited as guests of the Association, were calledupon to rise and accept the congratulations of theThe Alumni School was real inspiration. Mrs.Graves and I hope to be able to attend next year.Dr. Robert E. Graves, '98, Chicago, 111.May I congratulate you upon your excellent work inconnection with the Alumni School. I enjoyed the weekvery much and hope to attend again next year.Phyllis Koelling Higgins, '19, Milwaukee, Wis.The Alumni School was a great success. I, for one,enjoyed every lecture which I was able to attend.Mabel Smith Witter, '17, Chicago, 111.I wrote an account of the Alumni School for ourcity paper. Result : many inquiries ; one summer student.Yesterday a group of university women were makingout the program for our next winter's meetings. Ishowed them the Alumni School Bulletin and for four ofthe eight general meetings they want to study "Politicalor Professional Service in Government," "the FederalFinancial Situation," "the Changing Social Scene," and"the Soviet Union and the Outside World/' Can youlet me know what books will be of most service in preparing for these meetings ?Helen M. Benney, '04, Valparaiso, Ind.I appreciate the successful effort you and the Reunion Committee made to "put over" the first AlumniSchool and want to add my thank you to the generalchorus. It was a stimulating and interesting week.Irma G. Byfield, Chicago.We found the Alumni School very worth while andenjoyed the entire program provided for us. Thearrangements were excellent and we are more than enthusiastic about our Alma Mater.Esther Jacobs, '16 AM'21Harriet A. Warren, '16 AM'20Burlington, Iowa. Alumni, together with membership in the Association.The President regretted that there was nothing more tobe offered them at the moment, but hoped their appearance would make the Alumni eager to possess them.Officers for the coming year were elected as follows :President — Richard C. Stevenson, '25.Vice-President — D wight H. Green, '22.Secretary and Treasurer — Charles F. McElroy, '15.Delegates to the Alumni Council — Richard C.Stevenson, Charles P. Schwartz, '09, and Charles F.McElroy.I certainly want to congratulate you upon the success of the Alumni School! It was planned extremelywell, and carried out splendidly. The interest and enthusiasm of the "customers" were certain proof of thisfact — and of their desire for its continuance.Davie Hendricks Essington, '08, Chicago.I want to express my sincerest appreciation of thesplendid manner in which the alumni were not only profoundly served, but splendidly entertained, during theAlumni School. It certainly made one feel at home atthe University and more real and emphatic our love forAlma Mater.Frederick W. Zimmerman, LaSalle, 111.That plan of yours for the Alumni School was, tomy mind, a great success. I enjoyed the lectures and thedelicious luncheons and truly appreciate the efficient wayin which you saw to the "housing problem."Mabel Washburn, '18, Indianapolis, Ind.I have just returned home from my eastern trip.Those were halcyon days that I spent at the AlumniSchool on the Midway. My visit was extremely pleasant in every way. I shall consider it a privilege to servethe University in whatever way you may think advantageous.Jay B, Allen, '14, Sioux Falls, So. Dak.I simply want to add my word of applause andappreciation to the splendidly planned Alumni Weekwhich has just closed. I don't see how you could havehad a finer list of subjects for discussion nor better qualified speakers to present them. Surely all of us alumniwho attended were very proud of the present corps ofUniversity of Chicago professors.George T. Column, Ph.D., '14, Racine Wis.Comments from Registrants at the Alumni SchooUNABRIDGED NEWSIN the sub-basement of Harper Library some 5,500bound volumes of newspapers occupy over three anda half miles of book shelving. These files, many ofthem generations old, contain valuable source material.Yet, the space occupied by these huge volumes wouldprovide room for 155,200 ordinary size books — nearlya seventh of the present number of volumes in this, thelargest university library west of the Alleghenies. Withthese huge volumes increasing yearly which, with thethousands of other annual acquisitions, make it necessaryfor this department to "burrow farther and farther underother University buildings" (as Director Raney vividlydescribes it), a housing problem has developed secondonly to Mr. Roosevelt's national predicament (we'vefcrgot the President's letter combination for thisemergency ! )In the meantime comes filmland's 1936 edition of"A Birth of a Notion." Before the year is ended science expects to have an almost indestructible film whicheven Amos and Andy's product will not remove. Onemethod now being developed by which they expect toaccomplish this end involves placing the film — upon whichthe images have been photographed — in a chamber fromwhich the air can be removed, thus drawing out all moisture. A chemical vapor is then introduced which replacesthe moisture in the film and a second chemical treatmentseals the surface, which makes the film) practically impervious to scratches while still preserving the elasticityof the film.In the meantime Director of Libraries M. LlewellynRaney, is working with manufacturers upon a cameraand a projector which will complete the equipment forthe plan he has to conserve as much as 98% of his shelving space in sections where this method is practical.When the equipment is complete (late this fall or earlyin 1937), the procedure will be about as follows:A bound newspaper volume will be placed on acradle under a suspended camera containing a reel of35mm film. The cradle will be so constructed that bothexposed pages of the newspaper will remain in focus atall times. The camera will shuttle back and forth abovethe cradle as fast as a picture of each page can be snappedand the pages turned. Eight pages can be taken on onefoot of film, which makes the film cost about J4c perpage, including developing.After the film processing (described above) is complete, positives will be made from the negative and thenegative film placed in air-conditioned storage, to be usedonly as a master copy for additional positives in thefuture. The positives are also treated for permanency,after which they are ready for the research student.The projector for this film will be so constructedthat very little heat reaches the film, even if the film REELSBy HOWARD W. MORT, Editor, Tower Topicsremains stationary for hours under the light. The film,of course, will be made of fire-proof, heat-resisting material. The heat from the projector will be dispersedby a system of water cells or highly efficient ventilation.The image will be thrown on an opaque or translucent (depending upon the position of the lamp) screenwhich rests on the table like a slanting book before thereader. This reproducing equipment need be no largerthan a portable typewriter case and the newspaper printcan be restored to its natural size for reading or largerif desired.This proposed method will permit the same amountof printed material to be stored in two per cent of thespace now necessary, which, in the case of our presentthree-and-a-half-mile newspaper bookshelf, would makeroom for some 1 52,000 more books of ordinary size.'An additional advantage, Dr. Raney points out, isthat an instructor or student wishing to carry on researchin some-out-of-the-way place or at some small collegewhere material is limited could take enough material inan ordinary suitcase or steamer trunk to do his workwithout direct access to a large library.We will not be satisfied, now that you have progressed this far, Dr. Raney, until you have added a soundtrack which will make it possible for us to actually hear,from his own lips, what Napoleon said in his statementto the press and the news camermen when he set sail forthat lonely island in the Atlantic. It probably wasn't fitto print, since we do not remember having ever read hisstatement in any history.While no one was looking the other morning, menfrom Buildings and Grounds Department tore upa part of the cement walk which rounded the corner at the south end of Cobb and changed thechannel of traffic which will, hereafter, flow overa more artistic flagstone walk at more astheticangles.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 19Director John A. Wilson of the Oriental Institute, the gentleman at your right wearing the bandeau, started somethingwhen he challenged the Bursar's Office to a game of soft ball. Now there is an inter-departmental twilight league withteams from six departments.Overshadowins the All-Star BaseballGame in Bostonwas the game played on Dudley Field Friday evening,July 10, at 5:15 between the Oriental Institute and theBursar's Office. It came about in this fashion:Director John A. Wilson (Oriental Institute) addressed the Bursar's Office in part as follows : "Theworld has long and rightly signalized the competence ofthe Bursar's Office in matters financial. However, itdoes not necessarily follow that the Bursar's Office hasthe same competence in other fields. . . It is well knownand universally recognized in such circles .as Istanbul,Baghdad, and Tell el-Mutesellim that the Oriental Institute has one of the best baseball teams ever seen inthose parts. . . We . . . challenge your staff to a contest, in which our superiority will clearly be demonstrated. Ruat coelum, fiat justitia! Or if you do notaccept this quotation we hurl down another :'Wee, sleekit cowering, timorous beastie,What a panic's in thy breastie!'. . . the choice of weapons, of course, lies with you, provided only that these be a bat and soft ball. We believethat we can beat you, without taking off our coats, playing left-handed, and with one hand tied behind our back."The Bursar's Office retort courteous was, in part :"The brave words of your papyrus are amusing andexhale the spirit of your Sargon's scion of the Durhamdynasty. From the very nature of the Institute's workyour staff members must be adept at whistling in thecemetery. It is unfortunate that researches in ArabianNights, Omah Khayam and the Coffin Texts should havegiven them false courage thus to venture out of their fieldto certain ignominous defeat. . . Skillful as they are inhurling anathema ... we will knock the ball they hurlso far it will take a field expedition to recover it. Ourbattle cry is lis ne passeront pas-! Or if you must have one in English — read the motto on a dime. As for versewe paraphrase :'Life is real, Life is earnest ;And the grave is not our goal !' "Then there is something about a $3,000,000 gift. . . purchase of an ambulance, stretchers, crutches,wheel chairs, and some mummy wrappings for the inevitable casualties. . .The Bursar's Office won by a score of 7 to 4.It s a Samuraithe elaborately bedecked Japanese knight on the elaborately bedecked horse. It is a miniature model of oneof the military retainers that served the ancient Japanesefeudal lords and is a token of friendship presented tothe Maroon baseball team from the members of theWaseda (Tokyo) team who were guests of this University recently.They also presented each of the members of our teamwith a black silk Haori (jacket) upon which is embroidered the Waseda crest. In turn, Chicago gave each ofthe Waseda players a maroon (their school color)sweater with a large white "W" on it. These courtesiescontinued throughout the three-game series. They gaveus the first game, we gave them the second, and theygave us the third.The custom of trophy giving began when Chicagofirst visited Japan in 1910 and has continued through theyears. (We played in Japan every five years and Wasedareturned the call each sixth season until the depression.)Until this year the trophies have been confined to sweaters and banners.We Wonder If Mr. Rockefeller,who celebrated his 97th birthday recently, would remember back forty years when, after a bicycle ridethrough the Chicago parks with President Harper and20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEmembers of the faculty, he raced Paul Harper (the President's son) down the Midway. Paul won. (Friday, July3, 1896.)"Mitten"was curled up (for the moment) in the correspondencebasket on our desk when the phone rang. "This is JuneBrumbaugh speaking." (June is the young daughterof our Dean of Students in the Colleges.) "Have youseen anything of my little Persian kitten, Mitten, aroundthe University ?""If," we replied, "you mean this little bundle of furthat has been romping over our desk, jumping at ourpencil when we try to- write, springing at the corner ofevery sheet of paper that moves in the breeze, pawingat the match when we attempt to light our pipe, and evenmaking passes at the smoke — if that's Mitten, pleasecome over and rescue us ! We can't get a thing done andit the little scamp remains much longer we will be forcedto take time out to teach him ordinary table (or desk)manners !"//A "Dorm" But Not For "Co-EdsThe Beatrice Apartment Hotel (the six-story building on the southwest corner of 57th and Dorchester)was the first University dormitory for women. It was built to house visitors to the Columbian Exposition.When the fair was postponed one year, the Beatricemanagement leased this new, modern (then) buildingto the University. It was here, under the guiding influence of Miss Talbot, that the girls took a definiteand public stand against the use of "co-ed" when referring to University Women. The word has been tabooat Chicago since that time. Through these same corridors frequently rang the unofficial chant:"Beatrice !Be-at-ricePud-ding ! Pud-ding !Be-at-rice !"which may or may not give us an insight into certaindessert items on those '92 menus.On April 15, 1893, the Beatrice was vacated bythe young women to make room for the more lucrativeworld's fair trade. The University women moved toSnell Hall, on the quadrangles, a much handier placefor the nocturnal serenades frequently staged by the men.In fact, they gleefully pointed out that this building, onlyfour stories high and unprotected on all sides (therewas no Hitchcock Hall in those days), offered muchgreater opportunities for displaying their vocal talents,although they admitted that, from, a lyrical standpoint,the name Snell was not so euphonious as had beenBeatrice and less appropriate for the name of a women'shall.Otto Premm suggests . . . .a time saving summer treatSwift's Premium HamDelicatessen StyleSwift's Premium Ham ready-to-serve! That's what Delicatessen Stylemeans. World famous Swift's Premium Ham prepared for you by anexclusive, secret process that gives thetender meat a rich, appetizing flavoractually better than most hams youcook in your own oven. No longer does a ham dinner require hours inpreparation . . . served cold, Swift'sPremium Ham, Delicatessen Style isplatter ready and for hot ham meals,all it takes is a few brief minutes forwarming. Ask for this summer favorite the next time you shop ... remember the name —Swift's Premium HamDe lie a tesse n Sty leAVAILABLEEITHER WITH OR WITHOUT THE BONEIN MY OPINIONBy FRED B. MILLETT, PhD'3 1 , Associate Professor of EnglishFOR the academic American, domiciled with hiskind in the genteel purlieus of Bloomsbury, thereare few more agreeable experiences than strollingdown the long, slow curve of Shaftesbury Avenue in apearly English twilight, depositing his three and six atthe pit-window, and arriving without exertion at hisseat at the back of a comfortable auditorium as the curtain makes its leisurely but ever thrilling ascent. Andeven when he makes his way home through the naughtiness of Charing Cross Road, past the reeking fish-stallsin the side-streets, past the trucks bearing heaps ofspring flowers to Covent Garden' Market, the mildnessof the midnight air and the allurements of the dim Dick-ensian streets lull his stirring critical senses. Going tothe theater in London is so much less exhausting, somuch more casual an experience than going to the theaterin New York or Paris that it is long before one realizesthat the advantages of accessibility and a low price-rangeare offset by the essential mediocrity of the current English drama.But the moment finally arrives, as the books of one'stheatrical adventures are balanced, when one is forcedto admit that, though the London theater is one of theliveliest of British institutions, the contemporary dramais intellectually and aesthetically moribund. English acting is more than tolerably good, though hardly brilliant ;English stagecraft is not more than twenty years behindthe times, but English playwriting is almost a lost art.It would be interesting to speculate as to the reasonsfor this condition, but the specific details press for attention.From the frank commercialism of Emlyn Williams'Night Must Fall to T. S. Eliot's austere poetic drama,Murder in the Cathedral, a wide range of aesthetic meritis thickly studded with mediocrities. Williams' play isa not too pretentious study of the psychology of a youngmurderer, and, although the author was certainly ill-advised in giving away his secret at the play's beginning, the illustration of the facets of the murderer's personality is absorbing, and the suspense of the climax isstirring. The "psychology" of the piece, however, isalmost completely spurious, and the total effect, thoughengrossing, can hardly be taken seriously. Of not muchmore importance is the sequence of nine one-act plays,which, in combinations of three, Noel Coward and Gertrude Lawrence are offering to their rapt admirers.Coward's plays are compact of ingenuities, and MissLawrence's charm is still compelling, but Mr. Coward'sinability to act more than one part, that of his unalluringself, limits decidedly' the range of appeal of these performances. Moreover, since most of the plays are notone-acts, but series of brief scenes over-punctuated withintermissions, they do not add much to Coward's reputation as the most gifted playboy on the current Englishstage.Wilfrid Grantham's Mary Tudor, a rather tediouscostume-piece, carried to a certain popularity by Flora Fred B. MillettRobson's intelligent impersonation, isnot so significant in itselfas it is symptomatic of thetendency ofpost-war playwrights to fallback on history or literature when invention fails.Plays basedon the lives ofParnell, LordNelson, andByron haverecently beenmade available to interested customers, and every rising playwright seems tohave a play on the Brontes waiting for production. A.A. Milne's dramatization of Jane Austen's Pride andPrejudice was completed just too late to compete withthe enormously popular dramatization by the American,Helen Jerome. A further illustration of the dependenceof the current drama on literature rather than life isClemencej Dane's version of Max Beerbohm's sophisticated fairy-tale, The Happy Hypocrite. To spin a fulllength play out of such silken stuff demanded tact andimagination, and perhaps the best that can be said ofthe result is that it never betrayed the initial author'sintention, though the meagerness of the material droveMiss Dane to the use of a rather trying supernaturalframework and a somewhat extraneous ballet. Pic-torially, the melange was delectable, and Ivor Novello,best known in America as the author of "Keep the HomeFires Burning," gave a brilliant performance as the loathsome Regency rake, Sir George Hell. Even the mostpromising of the emergent English playwrights, JamesBridie, was currently represented, not by a creation ofhis own, but by an ingenious Gaelicization of BrunoFrank's Storm in a Teacup. The result is excellentfarce-comedy, admirably directed by the old Abbey Theater actor-dirtcor, W. G. Fay, and completely dominatedby the hearty humors of the great Irish actress, SaraAllgood.By all odds, the most considerable play by a contemporary British playwright was T. S. Eliot's Murderin the Cathedral, which had a run of twenty-three weeksat the tiny Mercury Theater. Mr. Eliot's position asthe second greatest living English poet, and the greatest living English critic, necessitates the closest attentionto his attempt to revive the poetic drama. In this particular piece, the poetry is distinctly superior to the2122 T IT E UNI V ER S I T Y O F C II I C A G O M A G A Z I N Edrama. In fact, there is little or no action in the play,though the frequent passages of superb poetry are madeextremely impressive by Robert Speight's beautiful elocution and the harmoniously voiced chorus of women.For many of Mr. Eliot's auditors,, however, the theological quibbling to which much of the play is devotedwill seem anachronistic, to say the least, and the humorous-satirical passages, diverting enough in themselves,remain essentially inorganic.The London theater's connection with the dramathat is literature would be slight indeed, were it not forthe contributions of plays by foreign authors. Of thesecontributions, the most exotic was S. I. Hsiung's LadyPrecious Stream, a masterpiece of calculated cuteness,just concluding a two years' run. This pseudo-Chinesedrama was shrewdly designed to convince its provincialauditors of the unendingly humorous absurdity of Orientals. Only slightly less exotic was the Dublin GateTheater company's production of that nostalgic period-piece, Eugene O'Neill's Ah Wilderness. It says not alittle for the taste of British audiences that even a badperformance of this inconsequential O'Neill play achieveda popularity beyond that won by any of his seriousplays on the English stage. Of greater importance wasthe revival of a series of Ibsen's plays, carefully produced and assiduously attended. Of these, only one,The Master Builder, was still visible when I reachedLondon, and this play, the most bewildering and intellectually provocative of the later plays, was not too successfully interpreted. D. A. Clarke-Smith's performance as Solness was technically expert, but the lovelyLydia Lopokova was not too well advised in her desertion of the art of dancing for the art of acting. OnlyMarjorie Gabain as Mrs. Solness seemed to have theremotest notion of what the play might mean. But despite the producer's or the actors' failure in insight, theplay was something one could set his teeth in. Ibsenwas further represented by a production of the completetext of Peer Gynt by the incredibly courageous companyat the Old Vic. The presentation of the whole playbrought to light superb scenes that the Theater Guild'sproduction blithely ignored, but it also gave one a number of scenes in the middle range of the play that onecould very easily get along without. But the greatpoetio drama, despite its weaknesses, went a long wayin justifying the Old Vic's audacity. The most frequented offering from the Continental drama was Komis-arshevsky's production of Tchekoff's The Sea Gull. Lessskilfully harmonized than Jed Harris' matchless production of Uncle Vanya and completely misinterpreted inone or two major parts, this performance was the mostrewarding of the modern plays on view. John Gielgud,as the popular commercial novelist Trigorin, repressedhis personality to the point of invisibility, but EdithEvans caught all the hardness and a little of the softness of the ageing actress Arkadina. It was youngPeggy Ashcroft, however, who, as Nina, ran off withthe play in her fourth-act climax scene. The result wasa distortion of Tchekoff's subtle harmonies, but it wasextremely moving.One is forced to conclude that the most importantcontemporary British playwright is an author called William Shakespeare. Not only do quasi-official organizations like the Old Vic and the Stratford MemorialTheater find most or all of their repertory in his works,but commercial producers achieve their most brilliant results with his plays. One of the most notable events ofthe last season was the production of Romeo and Juliet,directed by John Gielgud and adorned by such personages as Gielgud himself, Edith Evans, and Peggy Ashcroft. If this production fell a little short of perfection,it had many excellencies to commend it. Motley'ssumptuous costumes made up perhaps for the doubtfulsuccess of their experimentation with sets. Of the majorparticipants, Edith Evans as the Nurse could hardly bebettered ; she read the earthy lines with immense gusto,and devised exceedingly interesting business, especiallyin the long prelude to the discovery of Juliet's death.Peggy Ashcroft's bouncing adolescent Juliet was charming and touching but never truly tragic. Moreover, thespirited animation of her performance was somewhat outof key with the intense romanticism of Gielgud' s skillfulif not supreme Romeo. Though the Old Vic's productions of Shakespeare lack pictorial brilliance, they can bedepended on to be competent and intelligent. In theirhands, the rarely visible Winter s Tale became surprisingly credible : the pastoral scenes were as bewitching asShakespeare's verse, and the statue's coming to lifeturned out to be not only good theater but good drama.The piece's greatest handicap was young William Devlin's melodramatic interpretation of the impossible character of Leontes. This rising star came off very muchbetter, not only in the interminable role of Peer Gynt,but in the infinitely exacting part of Lear. On the whole,the production followed conventional lines, though Devlin's resourceful and gripping performance went a considerable distance in allaying the suspicion that here was aclever youngster disguised as Foxy Grandpa. The performance of Lear at Stratford under Komisarshevsky's direction was on a far loftier imaginative plane. Its spectacular qualities depended entirely on the rich plain colors in the costumes and the lighting and grouping of thecharacters on an elaborate flight of steps. Randle Ayr-ton's Lear was convincingly aged, and his long experience stood him in good stead even in the exacting heathscenes where Lear alone must dominate the scattered action and the thunders of heaven.But the most fascinating production of those I witnessed was Troilus and Cressida, in the hands of B. IdenPayne, the Memorial Theater's new director. Staged onan adaptation of the Elizabethan theater, and in the costumes of the period, the play proved more engrossingthan any Shakespeare performance I have ever seen. Ithad all the freshness of a newly discovered play by theworld's greatest dramatist. The play persists in beingchallengingly problematical but, despite its shockingly unsatisfactory conclusion, the play in performance becomesrichly rewarding, not merely because of its cynical reading of Troy's great story, but because of the revelationof the romantic idealism of Troilus and the meretricious-ness of Cressida against the background of the magnificent comic creations of Thersites and Pandarus, therichly intellectual worldliness of Ulysses, the movie-hero(Continued on Page 28)NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESDEALING with millionths of a volt, hundred-mil-lionths of an inch, and trillionths of an ounce,University of Chicago research scientists areworking with a precision that would make a watchmaker's tactics seem like the maneuvers of a bull in a china-shop.Latest of a long line of precision instruments developed at the Midway is an apparatus believed to be themost sensitive "weight scale" in existence. It is capableof detecting differences in weight of as little as 4/1,000,-000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 of a gram.Space measurements held to be more delicate thanany previously achieved, involving distances as small as1/100,000,000 of an inch, have been in progress at theUniversity for several years. Other superexact devicesat the Midway include an engine which will rule as manyas seventy-five thousand exactly parallel lines to an inch,a galvanometer which will detect the presence of a quarter of a millionth of a volt, and microphotographic apparatus by which it is possible to take pictures of livingcells enlarged thirty thousand diameters.The hypersensitive "weighing" instrument has beendeveloped by Professor Arthur J. Dempster of thephysics department. It is a "mass spectrograph" of anew type, capable of weighing atoms, and is used inanalysis of solid substances. Using the material to beanalyzed as an electrode, Dr. Dempster produces a hotspark. Atoms from the spark are drawn through a slitand successively, in a three-quarter circle arc, through anelectrical field and a magnetic field and onto aphotographic plate.Bending of the pathsof the atoms by the electrical and magnetic fieldsdepends on the strengthof the fields and the velocity and weight of theatoms. The latter is interpreted from linesmade on the photographic plate. With thisequipment Dr. Dempsterhas already discovered aseries of hitherto unknown isotopes, or variant forms of elements.He has discovered thatthere are two isotopes ofsilver — "heavy silver" and "light silver," differing inweight in the ratio of 109 to 107 — five isotopes ofplatinum, and only one of gold.Delicate space measurements are made with apparatus developed by Professor Arthur H. Compton of thephysics department. Surveying the "crude" distance between layers of atoms in a crystal, a distance averagingProfessor Dempster • By JOHN P. HOWE, '271/100,000,000 of an inch, Dr. Compton and his associatesare able to measure such minute gaps as though they wereyawning chasms, accurately down to an error of one partin 500,000. The technique involves sending X-rays ricocheting between the atomic layers and measuring the"Compton effect," the change in wave-length of the raysas a result of their passage.In the opinion of Dr. Henry G. Gale, Dean of theUniversity's Physical Sciences division, these measure-Dean Galements of weight and space are the most delicate yetachieved by scientists.The ruling-engine, recently improved by Dean Gale,is used to produce the gratings which are vital to allspectrum work. The Midway engine, which operates ina constant-temperature room in Ryerson hall, producesmany of the gratings used in laboratories and astronomical observatories throughout the United States. Its diamond point can trace as many as 75,000 exactly parallellines per inch on blocks of polished speculum metal.Professor T. F. Young, chemist, is making measurements of temperature, in connection with studies onthe theory of solutions, of extreme accuracy down to oneone-millionth of a degree.The classical example of punctilious measurement isof course the determination of the speed of light by thelate A. A. Michelson of Chicago. Recent work by FredPearson of Chicago, Dr. Michelson's technician, and Dr.F. G. Pease of Mt. Wilson, gives a value revising Dr.Michelson's figure by some 14 miles, of 186,270 milesper second.Scrupulous accuracy is not limited to work in thephysical sciences. In biochemistry, for example, Dr.Fred C. Koch and his wife Dr. Elizabeth Koch, in theirwork on vitamines, employ micro-balances capable ofmeasuring one one-millionth of a gram, for differencesas little as that can affect an experiment on the diet ofmice.Dr. Edmund Jacobson, of the University's physiology department, who measures the electrical "action potentials" of nerves and muscles in his experiments on2324 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINErelaxation and nervousness, employs a "string galvanometer" capable of detecting differences of a quarter of amillionth of a volt. Dr. Robert R. Bensley, of the anatomy department, working on the structure of living cells,Professors Koch and Gerardis able to amplify single cells 30,000 diameters photographically, for purposes of precise studies.Dr. Ralph Gerard of the physiology department usedapparatus capable of detecting the presence of one millionth of one millionth of a heat calory in demonstrating that heat is given off in the passage of a nerveimpulse. Microtomes capable of slicing tissue into sections one thousandth of a millimeter thick are in constantuse in medical and anatomical research.Even research in the "humanities" division of theUniversity involves scientific precision. Dr. ClarenceParmenter, and his associates in the Romance Languagesdepartment, are studying the physiology of speech in order to improve the teaching of foreign languages. How,for example, does a Frenchman, speaking his nativetongue, produce the inflections which American studentsfind difficult? These experimenters use the delicate photo-electric cell in their research program.DICTIONARY PUBLICATION BEGINS"I fear our Nation . . .Is in an awful situation."In this bit of doggerel, published in 1809 underthe title Pills Poetical by one Thomas G. Fessenden, occurs the first recorded use of the word "awful" in itscharacteristically American sense, as meaning "very unpleasant, disagreeable, ugly or objectionable."University of Chicago scholars, working on theirmonumental Dictionary of American English, are nowfinishing proofreading the Dictionary's first section,which will be published this month. The dictionary is ahistorical record of what Americans have done with theEnglish language in three centuries, and of new wordsand meanings they have added.What happened to "awful," which in its pristineEnglish sense means "awe-inspiring," is among thousands of examples of Americanisms in the first section,which extends from A; through BA. Mr. Fessenden'seffort is followed in the dictionary by a quotation from Lambert's Travels, published in 1810 — "Awful weather,master, your nose looks blue upon't."Another American meaning, however, the adverb"awfully," meaning "very," goes back to 1788, in the following line from Mary Dewee's Journal: "It was reallyawfully pleasing to behold the clouds."The word must have continued to annoy Americanpurists as well as English, for in 1847 Field wrote in hisDrama of Pokerville, according to the dictionary: "Wehave never visited the town of Madison, Indiana, but wehave an 'awful' curiosity to do so, from the 'awful' factthat we have never heard the place mentioned without the'awful' accompaniment of this adjective ! Madison is an'awful place for revivals,' and 'awful place for Mesmerism,' an 'awful place for Mrs. Nichols' poems,' an'awful place for politics' . . ."The Dictionary has been in preparation at the University for ten years, under the direction of Sir WilliamCraigie, eminent lexicographer. It is not a glossary of"slang" but a record of words invented by Americans,and of American usages, which have become a naturalpart of the written language. The first section will consist of 128 double-column pages. Twenty to twenty-fivemore sections will appear within five years. More thanfive hundred quotations, from some three thousand American sources, are used to illustrate Americanisms.The much-reviled word, "ain't," is found to havebeen used in England in 1778 a year before its appearance in America. The Oxford dictionary records the useof its shorter form, "an't," in England in 1706, whilethe Chicago dictionary finds no record of it in Americaprior to 1723."Back" has been coupled with many words to formdistinctive American usages. "Backwoods" is an Americanism which the dictionary traces to the Virginia StatePapers for 1742. "Back track" goes back to 1724. "Backcountry," meaning the undeveloped land at the rear ofpeopled country, is found first in a letter of GeprgeWashington dated 1755.Other made-in- America phrases starting with "back"are "back taxes" (1788) ; "backing and filling" (1777) ;"back log" (1806); "back fire" (1839); "back pay"(1865); "back stretch" (1868); "back talk" (1884);and "back-stop" (1889)."Back number" is an Americanism dated at 1812,but it was first used literally, referring to earlier issuesof a periodical and it was not used figuratively, to mean"antiquated," until 1888. "Back seat," as a place of inferiority, is an Americanism which goes back to 1859."Back bone," as a figure of speech meaning strength ofcharacter, is American, first noted in 1857. "Back down"is an Americanism of 1859. The very expression "backof," as a contraction of "at the back of," is an Americanism dating to 1694, the dictionary notes.George Washington was the first to use the Englishnoun "average" as a verb, according to1 the Dictionaryproof-sheets. In a letter composed in 1769 he wrote ". . .no more than the worth of a fat wether . . . that wouldaverage the above weight." Thomas Jefferson is citedas the first to use the term "Americanism," as meaningattachment or adherence to this country, in 1797, andTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 25John Jay coined "Americanize" the same year. Jeffersonis credited with both "Anglomania" and "Anglophobia."America's contribution to the language has not beenlimited to coining such racy terms as "bogus" and"loafer" but includes thousands of words and phraseswhich sound eminently respectable. "Admission to thebar" is an Americanism which the first section dates backto 1766. "Under advisement," meaning "under consideration," is an Americanism which has been traced backto 1735. "Advance guard," "aid society," "auction sale,"and "apartment building" are other distinctively American phrases."Appreciation," as meaning an increase in value oramount (as in "appreciation of the currency") is anAmericanism dating back to 1777. "Appropriation,"meaning a sum of money set aside for a special purpose,is also American, noted first in 1761. Affiliate," meaningto associate with others, is an Americanism traced back to1852, and "assignment," in its meaning of a duty or taskassigned to one, is a comparatively recent Americanmeaning of the word, first found in 1897.More than one thousand subscriptions to the dictionary, at $50 each, had been received by July 15th.Among the first subscribers were H. L. Mencken, Rockwell Kent, James Truslow Adams, Rupert Hughes andClifford Odets.EUROPEAN PHILOSOPHER APPOINTEDDr. Rudolf Carnap, distinguished European logician,has been appointed Professor of Philosophy at the University. Dr. Carnap, now on the faculty of the GermanUniversity in Prague, will join the faculty on October 1.An outstanding scholar in the philosophy ofscience, and particularly in the logic of mathematics, Dr.Carnap is a leader of the logical-positivist school. He isone of the sixty-six scholars of world fame upon whomHarvard University will confer honorary degrees at itsTercentenary Celebration in September.Dr. Carnap took the Ph. D. degree at the Universityof Jena and taught at the University of Vienna beforeassuming his post at Prague. He is co-editor of thejournal Erkenntness, a member of the editorial board ofthe journal Philosophy of Science and a member of theorganizing committee of the "International Congress forthe Unity of Science." His best known works are twovolumes in German, The Logical Construction of theWorld and The Logical Syntax of Language. He isforty-three years old.Dr. Carnap's appointment brings the number ofUniversity scholars who will receive Harvard degrees inSeptember to four, more than any other American university. Others who will be honored at the Tercentenaryare Arthur H. Compton, physicist, Leonard Dickson,mathematician, and Werner Jaeger, scholar of Greek nowat the University of Berlin, who will join the facultyOctober 1.Appointment of George Williamson, now of the University of Oregon, as Professor of English at the University was announced also. Professor Williamson, whowill come to the Midway in the autumn, is a specialistin English literature of the seventeenth century. Appointment of Zens L. Smith as assistant professor ofmathematics was also announced. William N. Mitchell, associate professor of production control in the University's School of Business, has been named Associate Deanof the School of Business.These appointments are part of a program ofstrengthening its faculty under which the University hasadded to its staff more than thirty-five scholars above therank of instructor during the past year.ARMAGEDDONExcavation of three more "layers" of the ancientBiblical city of Megiddo, which for 2,500 years commanded the great battleground of Armageddon in Palestine, is reported by Gordon Loud, field director ofthe Megiddo expedition of the University's OrientalInstitute.Uncovering the debris of several hundred years, tothe Bronze Age beyond 1500 B. C, the Institute's diggers have come upon a "new" series of buildings andhave made striking finds of pottery, statuettes, and jewelry. Vertical cuts in the great mound have carried therecord of its continuous occupancy back to 2000 B. C. ;it was already known, through evidence from the nearbynecropolis, that the site was occupied from the middleof the third millennium before Christ to its final abandonment in 350 B. C.Controlling the pass over the Carmel ridge, inlandfrom modern Haifa, Megiddo was the scene of manygreat struggles, notably between ancient Egypt and AsiaMinor. During the World War Lord Allenby advancedthrough it to defeat the Turks on the plain of Armageddon. Successive cities have been found in the strataof the mound, some of them representing rebuildingafter destruction.One "house burial," found this year in the mound,yielded a collection of jewelry, the first found in themound. Although a cemetery adjoins the mound,this body, that of anapparently wealthywoman, was buried under a house, probablyduring the great siege ofMegiddo by ThutmoseIII, Egyptian pharaoh,in 1479 B. C.Mr. Loud, just returned from the season'swork, described the burial adornments as follows : "Across her forehead was a gold band, andin her ears were enormous gold and paste earrings ; gold rings withgold and paste beadsadorned her hair; plainsilver rings were uponher fingers ; while otherjewelry consisting of silver rings with bezels of goldmounted scarabs, beads of amethyst, crystal and paste aswell as gold-capped filigree beads with the intersticesfilled with dark blue paste were found grouped at theGordon Loud26 THE U N I V E R S I T Y O l<Burial AdornmentsA gold head-band, hair ornaments, ear-rings of bluepaste in heavy gold mountings and other jewelryfound in the grave of a wealthy Megiddo woman ofsome 3400 years ago.shoulder with a gold toggle pin. A small box uponwhich incised bone strips had been applied as decorationhad been placed behind her."The jewelry is strikingly similar to that found bySir Flinders Petrie at Geza. Mr. Loud's party foundalso a small cache of jewelry and gold foil hidden in awall of a temple. The jewelry has been divided betweenthe Palestine government and the museum of the Oriental Institute, where it will be displayed presently.Discovery in a temple of a gilded bronze figurine,suggesting the "Reseph" cult, was a surprising find,indicating that this North Syrian deity was perhaps worshipped for a time in Megiddo.Previous expeditions of the Oriental Institute hadcompletely removed the upper strata, dating from 350B. C. to 1000 B. C, and had discovered, among otherfinds, the stables in which Solomon kept the bloodedhorses which he bought from Egyptians and sold to theHittites. An ancient water system, dating back to theCanaanite kings of pre-Hebrew days, the greatest pieceof pre-Hebrew engineering yet found, with a shaft sunk120 feet into rock and a horizontal tunnel 160 feet longat its bottom, had also been revealed.Mr. Loud has been able tentatively to plot the planof the 13-acre city. Its southern section was probablyoccupied by private houses of a poorer sort, at least dur- C II I C AGO MAGAZINEing the Bronze and Early Iron periods. Larger publicbuildings appear to have been grouped near the citygates at the north. In the eastern portion a small templearea of the late-Bronze period has been found this season, with adjoining private houses of better quality.At times the city was surrounded by a fortificationwall, notably around 1700 B. C. and later in Solomon'stime. The Solomonic gate has now been exposed. Amassive building, with walls more than six feet thick,found near the gate, remains unidentified. This containsa fine altar, or shrine, and is believed to be a palace witha private shrine.The eastern temple found this year was incomplete,or destroyed, at the time of Thutmose's conquest of thecity. It was rebuilt at various times during the fifteenthto thirteenth centuries, the original foundations beingpartially employed. It consists of a single great chamber, with a broad entrance flanked by gate rooms, between which two columns support the roof of the portice."This one building alone furnishes an example ofthe many foreign influences to which ancient Palestinewas always subject," Mr. Loud reports. Figurines ofthe worship of a Syrian god; a clay "liver omen," aunique example in Palestine of an important Babylonianreligious object ; and four Egyptian statues of basalt anddiorite were found in or near the temple. "Philistineware," antedating the historical advent of the Philistinesat the beginning of the twelfth century B. C, was alsofound.An Exploration Trench at MegiddoTrenches of this type are made to locale the pointsof greatest archeological interest. The debris is carried in baskets, such as those seen in the foreground,and passed up ladders from one level to the next.TTTi'. UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 27DODD ON DEMOCRACYIn three great crises of American history the will ofthe majority has been defeated by minority opposition, tothe peril of the democratic form of government, William E. Dodd, American ambassador to Germany, saidin one of his lectures at the Midway this summer.Speaking on "American Struggles for Democracy,"Ambassador Dodd, who left the chairmanship of the department of history at the University to accept the diplomatic post, reiterated his plea that educators and thepress bring the facts of history before the American people so that the lessons of the past might be used to avoidfuture mistakes."Our democratic system of government is the mostdifficult in the world; but as all historians have recognized, it has produced the most amazing results in thelast one hundred and fifty years that mankind has everknown," he said. "There have been, however, threegreat struggles in our history which people need to review occasionally in order to see how Presidents havelabored and sometimes lost."When Jefferson entered office there was a greatswing toward a more complete democracy in all sectionsof the country. Every election from 1800 to 1806 increased his majorities almost to unanimity. His first reform was directed at limiting courts, Federal and State,in their vetoes of congressional and legislative acts."In spite of his having every state but two behindhim, he was defeated in 1805 by a minority vote of theSenate on the Chase impeachment case."At the same time the New England and middlestates were applying gradual abolition of slavery measures ; and the majorities of voters in all the southernstates were of the same mind. When Jefferson endeavored to apply a similar plan in 1807, a minority group ofhis own followers in the south joined opponents fromthe north and defeated him."The President said civil war would plague thecountry if slave-holders continued their minority controlin states and Congress ; and it is a sad fact that JohnMarshall and other justices of the Supreme Court morethan once afterwards did their utmost to maintain slaveryand minority government."The next great conflict reached a climax in 1861when the owners of slaves maneuvered secession ineleven states, although the majorities in all states but onewere opposed. Abraham Lincoln, elected on a minorityvote, undertook to save the Union, and the war whichfollowed cost a million lives and half the wealth of thecountry."At the most critical period of his administration,England was about to recognize the Confederacy becausethe American war had caused unemployment of a million workers."In spite of Gladstone's assurance in September1862, the British cabinet delayed action, and Lincolnsent propagandists Henry Ward Beecher, his famoussister, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and the clever RobertWalker to London to assist the minority leaders, JohnBright and Richard Cobden, in defeating majority opinion. They succeeded and Walker borrowed $250,000,000 in Germany, which saved American credit when it was atan amazingly low ebb."Strange as it may seem, European attitudes andactual assistance enabled Lincoln to win. From 1890to 1912 there was another prolonged economic struggleagainst democracy and Woodrow Wilson was electedPresident on a minority vote as Lincoln had been."When Wilson, was but half-way through his far-reaching economic reforms, the greatest war in all history broke. The President re-proclaimed the Washington neutrality ; butthe United Stateswas soon as muchendangered as England had been in1862. Wilson wasconscious of thewhole meaning o fthings and in 1917entered the war tosave democracy."All the worldread his famousscheme and most ofthe world, as inJefferson's case,agreed with him. Butin the election of1918 the Irish Democrats joined the German Republicans anddefeated the onlypossible plan forworld peace and economic co-operation ;and economic-social chaos followed a few years later."In 1933 democracy was everywhere in grave danger; and the worst economic collapse ever known fellupon the United States. President Roosevelt entered, likeJefferson, upon his difficult task. There could hardly bereal recovery without economic reform at home and international co-operation. Would he be allowed to succeed ?"NOTEDDr. Ludvig Hektoen, University of Chicago pathologist, has been named chairman of the National ResearchCouncil for the current academic year. He succeeds Dr.Frank Lillie, University zoologist, in this important post.Dr. Lillie continues to serve as President of the NationalAcademy of Science. Both organizations have headquarters in Washington. Dr. Lillie was the first to head bothgroups simultaneously. .. .Selection of Miss MildredHelen McAfee as president of Wellesley College raisesthe number of former Chicago students currently headinginstitutions of higher education to one hundred and twenty-seven. Miss McAfee received the Master of Arts degree at the Midway in 1928 Dr. E. M. K. Geiling,chairman of the University's pharmacology department,is spending the summer at a remote whaling station onQueen Charlotte Island, in the north Pacific, where heis securing pituitary glands of the giant mammals. . . .Ambassador Dodd28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEEquipped for ten weeks of digging, fourteen young University archaeologists are spending the summer excavating the Kincaid Mounds at the southern tip of Illinois.These mounds are part of one of the richest archaeological sites in this part of the country .... The University's R.O.T.C., an artillery unit, has been transferredto Michigan State University so that it may be motorized, in accordance with Army policy. The Universityis making its research facilities available to the WarDepartment as its contribution to the national defense. . . .Alfred Kreymborg's play, Commencement, hasbeen awarded the 1936 prize in the Charles H. Sergeifull-length play contest, which is administered by theUniversity of Chicago. Two hundred and fifteen playswere submitted this year. Deadline for the 1937 contestis next April 1st. . . .Enrollment during the first term ofthe Summer Quarter was 4,310, 4.6% greater than thatof last year .... In his address before the Alumni Schoolin June Professor Frederick Schuman, in semi-seriousvein, predicted that the next great war will start on thesecond Saturday in March, 1938. Professor Schumanhas been given a year's leave of absence to accept avisiting professorship at Williams College .... Enrolledas University of Chicago students this summer are 144men and two women who served with the military forcesof the United States — 78 of them overseas — during theGreat War. These veterans, and 45 sons and daughtersof veterans, are receiving full tuition aid under the La-Verne Noyes Foundation established at the Universityin 1919. During the academic year which closed in Junea total of $52,752 was disbursed in the form of scholarships to 296 veterans or their blood descendants. . . .Atits 184th Convocation exercises on June 16th the University awarded 907 degrees and certificates — 504 bachelors' degrees and 403 advance diplomas. Vice-PresidentWoodward, presiding in the absence of President Hutchins, listed gifts during the quarter, including several not hitherto noted in this journal : $50,000 from Morton D.Hull for a specific research project in medicine ; $75,000from the Rosenwald Family Association for the generalpurposes of the University; $60,000 from the Rockefeller Foundation for specific research projects in chem-itry, biochemistry and pharmacology; and an increaseto a total of $1,150,000 of the million-dollar gift fromthe Spelman Fund for the erection of the Public Administration Clearing House building. . . .Among those whoreceived bachelors' degrees were Donald MacMurray,21 -year-old New Yorker, who established a new, andprobably final, record under the New Plan by completing all requirements for the degree in nine months ofstudy at the Midway ; Miss Rae Elizabeth Rips of Tulsa,Okla., who had the highest scholastic record in the class —26 "A's" and one "B" for her 27 examinations ; andGeorge A. Henninger, who took the degree with PhiBeta Kappa honors after a struggle for education whichincluded eight years of full-time work as an elevatoroperator, several years of study evenings at UniversityCollege downtown and only six months on the campus.In My Opinion(Continued from Page 22)psychology of Achilles, and the puglistic inanities ofAjax. Not the least of the play's surprises is the opportunity it gives to discover the cynical setting of the constantly misinterpreted line,"One touch of nature makes the whole world kin." .Some Disaster Relief Experiences(Continued from Page 5)There has been steady growth in public understanding of the work — yet an understanding limited to generalexpectations of the need being met. And whatever thestate, the most careful administration of relief based onneed alone leads, when one disaster follows another inlater months or years, to an expectation of relief andcare that at times dulls local initiative. We counter byplacing the responsibility on the community as on thefamily to aid itself to the extent of its resources, beforeoutside aid is to be drawn upon. And it works. Itworks so well that self-help locally combined with experienced staff and resources in money from the outsideresults in restoration and independence of wrecked familylife rather than further demoralization.These are just a few of the experiences of a RedCross disaster man. You can see how the inadequatetelling of them omits much of interest. So, I suggest,come with me some time on such an occasion and livefor yourself one of the most thrilling, satisfying and constructive help experiences possible in trying to be a goodneighbor to the other fellow.60,000,000 CALLS DAYAmericans talk over Bell System wires 60,000,000 times a day. In relationto population, there are six times as many telephones in this country asin Europe.BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEMATHLETICSScores of the MonthBaseballChicago, 15; Waseda, 3.IN Chicago football chronicles, this is the First YearAfter Berwanger. The mighty man has gone, andthe natural curiosity is what Mr. Shaughnessy andthe Maroon team will do without him. Something likethat same reaction must have been evident on the Midway when Walter Eckersall • ended his legendary fouryears. Then, however, a new miracle man in the person of Walter Steffen arose to solace the faithful andconfound the forces of brawn. On this occasion it doesnot seem that history and miracles are repeating themselves; Berwanger has no successor.Despite that fact, there need not be too much apprehension over the coming season. The report oneligibility has not yet been announced, but with normalluck Coach Shaughnessy should be able to start theseason with approximately thirty men who can be considered of conference size and usefulness. As Chicagosquads go, that is larger in numbers than the average.With no Berwanger to rely on, the responsibility willrest on the team, and it may well be that this knowledgewill make for more effective effort generally.On the tentative list of candidates are twelve returning lettermen, about half a dozen reserves who shouldmove up to varsity status, and a very encouraging groupof sophomores. Some of the sophomores are going toacquire regular positions in both the backfield and theline, and there probably will be shifting of the positionsof some of the established players.As an aid to those who need some tutoring on thecurrent situation, the losses by graduation included eight"C" men, five of whom were regulars: Berwanger andNyquist, backs; Robert Perretz, end; Gordon Petersen,center and end ; Merritt Bush, tackle. Twelve lettermencome back: Co-captains Sam Whiteside and PrescottJordan; Harmon Meigs, Elbert Thomas, ClarenceWright, Earl Sappington, William Gillerlain, all of theline, and Warren Skoning, Ned Bartlett, Robert Fitzgerald, Omar Fareed, and Fred Lehnhardt, backs.Coach Shaughnessy has been thinking of shiftingSam Whiteside from center to tackle, in which eventhis first choice for center probably would be the bigCalifornia sophomore, Dick Wheeler. Jordan will begiven help at the running guard position by anothersophomore, Theodore Fink, and by the hard workingreserve, William Bosworth, who is due to arrive thisseason. Meigs and Thomas will be used at the otherguard. On paper, at least, there seems to be plentyof tackles, particularly if Whiteside moves over. RobertJohnson, the outstanding freshman lineman, and anothersophomore Wheeler, Bob, are available for one position, with the two lettermen, Sappington and Wright, • By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20, JD '22and the reserve of last year, Woodrow Wilson, for theother tackle.There is no great abundance of ends, where the rateof depreciation is high. Gillerlain ought to take overthe right end starting position, with Jerome Sivesind, agreen player who developed rapidly last year, and a goodsophomore, Max Hawkins, to understudy him. Bob Fitzgerald probably will be tried at left end, along withKendall Petersen, 1935 reserve, and Norman Joffee,sophomore.The general mourning over the departure of Berwanger may obscure the fact that there is an unusualsupply of backfield talent available this year. GeorgeAntonic, whose 184 pounds are considered too few forguard, may go among the quarterback candidates, butthat shift is not a necessity. In addition to Bob Shipway,who would have been a very good football player earlierin his career if he were not prevented from coming outto spring practice by his baseball, there are three sophomore candidates who look good enough to take command. These are Harvey Lawson, who kicks with eitherfoot and passes with either hand, all without confusinghimself; Bob Greenebaum, who had a couple of cousinswrho were no mean players on Chicago teams, and DavidRogers. Earlier in the year Morton Goodstein wouldhave been listed here, but there are reports current thathe will be used elsewhere in the backfield.Omar Fareed, who did some brilliant playing lastyear, will be among the three left halfbacks, the othersbeing Ned Bartlett and a sophomore, Sollie Sherman.These three, incidentally, are the fast men of the back-field, although Lawson can get around. If Goodsteindoes not find use for his 207 or more pounds as blockingquarter, he should turn up at right half, where anotherof the sophomores, JLewis Hamity, is also assigned. Warren Skoning, who has made progress each of the lasttwo seasons, ought to have a very successful year at fullback, with Fred Lehnhardt available to give him a breathing spell.Already some of the more learned of the alumni inthese matters have given an anticipatory whoop or twoabout the sophomores, and a restrained descriptive wordor two might be useful to those who get their footballknowledge through Editor Beck. The backfield sophomore most likely to succeed Berwanger in the esteem ofthe north stand is this Goodstein. None other than Berwanger himself remarked that the man who had hit himhardest in his football career was Goodstein. The caresof the world rest lightly on the young man, and therewas some fear that his gamboling might impede hisscholastic career, but he seems adequate to the generalcourses. He gets around with surprising speed on afootball field, and if the line develops any leaks, Goodstein will plug it as well as Berwanger did. His prepschool teammate, Greenebaum, handles himself nicelyand will make a good football player. Lawson is a little2930 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINElight for the big leagues, but not too fragile, and he already has his claque. Sherman burned up the Chicagohigh school league two years ago as its leading scorer,and is a player much on the order of Fareed. Hamity,among other accomplishments, can plunge, and his punting is first class. It is reported that Coach Shaughnessyrather fancied the possibilities of Rogers as a quarterback, and his expert decision should merit some attention in the sophomore ratings.The point is not yet proved, but there is reasonto think that the only important defect in the backfieldas a whole is that it is more suited to a power game thanan open attack. It may be that the Chicago offense willrequire some modification to meet the type of material.Berwanger, no longer eligible as a player, has accepted an appointment as freshman coach, and will teachthe yearlings how to become Ail-Americans.For those who wish to give more intensive studytc the subject of football, a tentative roster is appended.The list is subject to the "when, as, and if eligible"clause.The tag ends of the spring season remain to be con sidered. The lone score at the top of these pages indicates that the ball team won the international series withWaseda of Japan, two games to one. No members ofcurrent Chicago teams made the American Olympicsquad. Ray Ellinwood, who finished sixth in the National Collegiate 400 meters, but was moved up a placebecause one of the runners was disqualified, apparentlydid not compete in the final tryouts. He was added tothe list of eligibles, but in the absence of Messrs. Merriam and Metcalf it is not known whether he ran or not.At any rate, he was not among the qualifiers in the twoheats. John Brooks, sprinter and broad jumper of several years back, placed second in the broad jump finaland went abroad. Director Metcalf, one of the fourmanagers of the American track team, also is in Berlin.Norman Bickel and Norbert Burgess, Big Ten doubleschampions, went farther in the National Collegiate tournament than any conference players had ever achieved,being beaten in the finals by Ben Dey and WilliamSeward, of Stanford, 9-7, 6-2, 6-3.Two elections were held for captaincies, Ellinwoodbeing chosen to head the track men and Bob Shipwaybeing elected baseball captain.TENTATIVE ROSTER OF THEName Positionf Antonic, George QB*Bartlett, Ned HBf Bosworth, William GJCassels, James J ENDf Cutter, Henry END* Fareed, Omar HBJFink, Theodore P G*Fitzgerald, Robert END*Gillerlain, William ENDJGoodstein, Morton M HBf Gordon, David ENDJGreenebaum, Robert J QBJHamity, Lewis B FB^Hawkins, (Amos) Max ENDJJoffee, Norman R ENDijohnson, Robert E T* Jordan, Prescott ; Co-Capt GJLawson, Harvey L QB*Lehnhardt, Fred HB*Meigs, Harmon Gt Petersen, Kendall END^Rogers, David QB* Sappington, Earl T$ Sherman, Sollie HBf Shipway, Robert QBf Sivesind, Jerome END*Skoning, Warren FB*Thomas, Elbert . G$ Wheeler, Richard E . Ct Wheeler, Robert T* Whiteside, Sam; Co-Capt C, Tf Wilson, Woodrow T* Wright, Clarence T"Year" indicates past varsity competition.* Denotes major "C." UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO FOOTBALL SQUAD, 1936 'Prep School Home TownWashington, East Chicago, Ind.Glendale, Calif.Oak Park, 111.Hinsdale, Clarendon Hills 111.Elgin High, ChicagoGlendale, Calif.Hyde Park, ChicagoYankton, S. D.Bowen, ChicagoFrancis Parker, ChicagoLaGrange, 111.Francis Parker, ChicagoHyde Park, ChicagoChaffey, Ontario, Calif.Hyde Park, ChicagoMorgan Park ChicagoLaGrange, 111.Ft. Madison, IowaTilden, ChicagoEvanston, 111.Long Beach Poly, Calif.Mt. Carmel, ChicagoLincoln, Lake City, Fla.Marshall, ChicagoBowen, ChicagoEnglewood, ChicagoElgin, 111.Evanston, 111.Los Angeles Poly, Calif.De'Kalb, 111.Evanston, 111.Escanaba, Mich.Clinton, IowaAge Height Weight Yea20 6'2" 184 122 6' 180 220 5'8" 190 220 6' 170 021 6'2" 184 220 5'11" 167 118 5'9" 195 020 6' 176 119 6'3" 184 218 6' 207 020 6'2" 177 118 5'11" 185 018 5'11" 195 020 6'1" 183 018 6' 195 017 6'1" 206 021 5'10" 191 218 5'11" 160 019 5' 10" 183 120 6'1" 197 219 6'3" 187 119 5'11" 170 024 6'1" 190 218 6' 175 020 5'9" 162 221 6'1" 195 120 5'11" 185 220 6' 205 118 5'10" 201 021 6'1" 198 120 6'2" 200 223 6' 207 120 5'11" 210 2fDenotes member of varsity not a^Denotes 1935 freshman squad. 'C" man.NEWS OF THE CLASSESCOLLEGE1886This Class held its fiftieth anniversarywith a luncheon at Marshall Field's onTuesday, the sixteenth of June — this daybeing the exact anniversary of date ofits commencement in the old CentralMusic Hall, then located on the cornerof State and Washington Streets.The Class Secretary, Lincoln M. Coyof Chicago, reports that all the surviving members of the Class were presentsave two, one being in New York Cityand the other in Mexico. The wives ofpresent and former members were guestsof the Class.1898Since November 1, 1935, Mary Winter Bennett of Rockford, 111, has beenpresident and manager of Paul BennettPaper Boxes, Inc.1901Arthur E. Bestor, President, Chautauqua Institution, New York. Address :Office— 521 Fifth Avenue, New YorkCity, and Chautauqua, New York;Home- — 464 Riverside Drive, New YorkCity, and 1 Root Avenue, Chautauqua.From 1901-03 Professor of Historyand Political Science, Franklin College,Franklin, Ind. 1903-05 Fellow in History, graduate work in History and Political Science, University of Chicago.1905 Officer of Chautauqua Institutionand President since 1915. 1917-18 WarWork with the Y.M.C.A, United StatesFood Administration, and U. S. Committee on Public Information.In the field of general education, hereceived the honorary degrees of LL.D.from Colgate University in 1919 andLL.D. from Colby College in 1930. lieis a Trustee of the Chautauqua Institution and the Lake Placid Club Educational Foundation and President of theBoard of Trustees of the League forPolitical Education and Town Hall, Inc.,of New York City.In adult education, Bestor is Chairman of the Committee on InternationalRelations and a member of the Executive Committee of the American Association for Adult Education, and is oneof the five American members of theCouncil of the World Association forAdult Education.In the field of the Near East, he isa Trustee of Sofia (Bulgaria) American Schools, Near East Relief, and theNear East Foundation.Family — he married Jeanette LouiseLemon of Bedford, Ind, March 24,1905. Children— Arthur E, Jr., Yale'30, Instructor in Department of History, Yale University; Mary Frances,Vassar '32, AM Mills College '34, Instructor in Department of Child Devel opment, Vassar College; CharlesLemon, student in Lincoln School,Teachers College, New York City.Eliot Blackwelder writes : "Aftertwo years of graduate work at Chicago,I went to China for a year as a memberof the Carnegie Geological Expeditionand then followed service in the Department of Geology at the University ofWisconsin up to 1916. Meanwhile I wasa part time member of the U. S. Geological Survey. During the war yearsI was head of the Department of Geology at the University of Illinois and leftthere in 1919 to become chief geologistof an oil company in Denver. After asemester as lecturer at Harvard, I tookup my present position- as Professor ofGeology and head of the Department atStanford University, Calif.Josephine Burnham is a Professorin the English Department of the University of Kansas. She regrets thatshe has to remain in Lawrence for thesummer term. "Perhaps some day Ishall be able to attend a class reunion."Emily Canfield has been teachingLatin and History of Art for the lasttwenty-three years at the FaulknerSchool, Chicago. "As for my life history," she writes, "the day after graduating I started for Europe and aftertaking my mother through England andFrance, I joined the Classical Schoolat Rome in October and remained underthe direction of Dr. Frank Frost Abbotuntil February 22, 1902. Then I tookthe trips to Sicily and Greece with tendays at Pompeii and finished up in Aprilthe year that has been an inspirationever since. My enthusiasm has quickened after each trip abroad, but nothinghas ever equaled the weeks in Greeceand Rome. Now and again I havetaken graduate work at the Universityhere, but the Master's degree that Iearned at the University of Vermont in1903 would compare but poorly with thetremendous work now required at theUniversity of Chicago."Grace Manning Downing sentgreetings from Williams Bay, Wisconsin, where she and her husband, ElliotR. Downing (PhD 1901) have beenliving since his retirement two yearsago from the staff of the University ofChicago after serving twenty-threeyears. She says : "My most worthwhileaccomplishment during the last thirty-five years has been home-making forour family of five. Our three children,all graduates of the U of C, are busilyengaged in various parts of the UnitedStates. George is Assistant Professorin Brown University, teaching Historyof Art. He is the father of our wonderful grandson. Elizabeth, our MD, isworking with the Children's ResearchCouncil in connection with the MedicalDepartment of the University of Colo rado, and Lucia, after teaching fouryears, was married a year ago to JamesHewitt and lives in the Irish Hills region of southern Michigan." NeitherMr. nor Mrs. Downing is very vigorous in health, but they are enjoyingtheir home overlooking Lake Genevaand will be very glad to welcome anyfriends.To any of the Class of 1901 who arein Texas this summer for the Centennial Exposition, Francis G. Guittardextends a hearty welcome at 1401 SouthEighth Street, Waco, Texas. He ishead of the Division of History and theSocial Sciences of Baylor University inthat city. He writes: "The first yearafter graduation I spent in study at theUniversity of Chicago and received theMaster's degree in June, 1902. Thatfall I began teaching in the Departmentof Social Sciences at Baylor Universityas Assistant Professor, was promoted in1909 to the head of the Department ofHistory and held this place until 1935,when I received my present position."By several summers' work and oneyear's leave of absence I completed thework for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at Stanford University, California.receiving it in 1931. This in brief ismy scholastic record. I have been married twice, have two sons — one is apracticing lawyer in this state, and theother will be a junior next year in Baylor University."Alma Yondorf Hirschberg of Glen-coe, Illinois, says: Til be there fune12th for our 1901 dinner. . . The 'l3thwon't be so good, as the youngest of mythree girls is taking her PhB at Northwestern, after three years at BrynMawr. My other daughters have Master's and Doctor's degrees and are practicing bacteriology and medicine. Theyare all I have to show for 'my activitiessince graduation.'"Minnie Barnard Lewy of Chicagofurnished the following details of herlife since graduation: From 1901-2 shewas secretary to Professor Jameson atthe University of Chicago and 1902-4she taught in the High School at IronMountain, Mich. She married AlfredLewy, MD Rush '98, and became themother of three children: Everett, PhB'25, JD '27 U of C; Robert, SB '30,MD '35 U of C; and Lawrence, PhB'34, JD '36 U of C. Mrs. Lewy is amember of the Women's InternationalLeague of Peace and Freedom, American Association of University Women,Chicago Art Institute, and Field Museum.Donald S. McWilliams regrettedmissing the 1901 dinner, but hoped toattend the Sing and see some of theClass there. He says : "My life has beenhappy but too uneventful to figure in a3132 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEclass history. In 1928 I was married.We have two daughters and live in theUniversity neighborhood at 5836 StonyIsland Avenue."Mary Dewhurst Miles of Mt. Carroll, 111, writes that she always readsthe Alumni Magazine and passes it onto others who do not take it. "My personal history which you ask for is soontold. A few years ago I visited an oldwoman who had been a valued formermaid. She said to me disappointedlyAnd ain't you married any?' I had tcconfess, 'No, not a bit.' Most of thetime I have lived at home, have taughtoccasionally for brief periods, traveledquite a lot. The depression wiped meclean, and since then I have been actingas accountant for the Frances ShimerJunior College in my home town."Donald R. Richberg was detainedin Washington by illness but sent amost friendly message. Well-knownin Chicago as a lawyer and author, hehas been prominent in the Roosevelt administration, particularly in connectionwith the NRA.Adolph C. Noe, Professor of Paleo-Botany at the University of Chicago,is an authority on coal and other fossilplants.Frederick Sass of Denver, successfullawyer and loyal alumnus, suggested themaking of a Class History and offersto help in assembling the information.Grace Sealey Smith writes fromNormal, Illinois : "I lived at NancyFoster Hall and cherish happy memoriesas a house member. The opportunitiesas a student under the direction of manyeminent in scholarship I value more andmore as the years pass. My enthusiasmfor the University of Chicago increasesas I grow older."Aside from my home interests, Ihave been actively interested in theWomen's Civic League of the townwhich has sponsored a supervised community playground and a children's garden club of several hundred members.My husband, Rev. Fred M. Smith, wasa graduate of the old Divinity Schoolknown as the Baptist Union TheologicalSeminary of Chicago. He passed awayJuly 11, 1926."Helen Carmody Smith of Chicagowas a high school teacher for someyears after graduation, then marriedand went west, living on a ranch untilher husband died. She returned to Chicago with three young children, resumedher teaching, and is now Principal ofthe Oakenwald School. Her oldestchild, Mary Rita, has just graduatedfrom the University of Chicago, andthe other two who are twins are students there, Dan having just been appointed one of the Marshals.Dr. Kellogg Speed of Chicago is acelebrated surgeon and is on the staffof Rush Medical College.Ethel Freeman Strong of Chicagowas one of the first two University Aides. She married Dr. Reuben MyronStrong, who is a member of the facultyof Loyola University, and has onedaughter. She believes everyone shouldhave a hobby — hers at present is painting.Leroy Tudor Vernon writes: "Until recently I have been stationed inWashington, D. C, almost ever since Ileft the University. My work is mainlypolitical, hence I have to attend the National Conventions of both major partieswhich, unfortunately, nearly always coincide with the University programs.However, I make this promise. TheClass celebrates its 40th reunion onan off year, so far as conventions areconcerned, and unless some reckless automobile driver catches up with me inthe meantime, I will be there." He hasbeen Washington correspondent for theChicago Daily News but is now back inthe Chicago office.Alla Webb of Miami, Florida, wasa teacher for a few years, her chief position being Instructor of Greek at Randolph-Macon Womans' College in Virginia. Then followed a domestic lifefor^ many years in her father's home,which was one of wide interests andlarge hospitality.In February, 1927, she entered theLibrary Service School of Riverside,California, and graduated as a librarian,also taking a semester of graduate workin the Claremont College of Clarmont,California. She became a school librarian, later an assistant in a college library and now is librarian of the Flagler Memorial Library, which is the public library of Miami, Florida.For a hobby she has been interestedin the little theater, and had the pleasurein February of seeing a play of hers inprint in Samuel French's new anthology,"The One-Act Theater."Herbert Weston is a Chicago lawyer, and was married some years agoto Nora Iddings, SM'25.Mariam Fairman, the Class Secretary, reports that she has lived at homeall these years and like Mary Miles is"not a bit" married. She has traveleda good deal and has served many yearsin the state organization of The King'sDaughters and Sons. Her hobbies arebirds and genealogy.1906Ellen M. Clark, AM'31, holds thetitle of Dean of Women and Instructorin History at the State Teachers College at Superior, Wisconsin.1907After having lived for the past eightyears in Peiping, China, Clark C.Steinbeck, is returning this summerfor a two years furlough. About thefirst of the year he and his wife willstart on an extensive tour of Europeand Great Britain, ending with a six- months' sojourn in Palestine to attendthe American School of Oriental Re-search in Jerusalem.1909Etta L. Montgomery writes fromLos Angeles, California, that she is stillteaching in the social studies department at the Theodore Roosevelt HighSchool.1910Assistant Manager of the ConnecticutGeneral Life Insurance Co. of Chicago,Roy J. Maddigan enjoys doing organization work with his fraternity, PhiKappa Psi and is president of the Chicago Alumni Club.S. J. Wolfermann, physician of FortSmith, Arkansas, is serving his ninthsuccessive year as chairman of theCouncil of the Arkansas State MedicalSociety. Dr. Wolfermann is the original partner of the cooperative clinic organized in 1920.1911Side-Lights and Flashes of theSilver JubileeThe two most faithful '11 attendantsat the alumni seminars were Miss MayJ. Carey and Frank J. Coyle.Ethel Kawin, Tl, was the class'representative on the lecture staff ofthe alumni seminars.The "air-riders" to the 1911 Reunionincluded Mollie Ray Carroll fromWashington and Frances Herrick andJ. Elmer Thomas from New York.Two pairs of '11 "gals" motored tothe Reunion. Mrs. Dorothy BuckleyClark and Mrs. Carlotta SagarLummis from LeRoy, New York, andWor Chester, Mass, came from the East,and the female Lochinvars out of theWest were Mrs. Dorothy MillerWallace from Iowa City and Mrs.Hazel Martin Hunt from Fairfield,Iowa.Reunion publicity for Mrs. VirginiaFreeman Donovan was mailed to herat a Hawaiian Island address, butreached her at Rapid City, South Dakota, just too late for her to attendReunion. Her husband, Capt. A. J.Donovan, U. S. Army, is now stationedat Sioux Falls, South Dakota.The first reservation for the 50th Reunion was made by Major Julian H.Gist, '11, of the U. S. Army, nowstationed in Lincoln, Nebraska. Appendectomy kept him in the hospitalthere during the 25th.Well founded "rumor hath it" that $the 1911 Class missed having its first"class grandchild" by less than a month.The prospective grandparents, Mr. andMrs. John C. Dinsmore, sponsor therumor, or should we say, the prospective"roomer ?"The Damon and Pythias of the Silver Jubilee were John Mason "Red"Houghland of Nashville, Tennessee,and Harold C. Gifford of HighlandTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 33Park. Their stories were infinite, andtheir attentions to the ladies ever gallant. Many a feminine heart flutteredas of a quarter-century agone ! Neverforgotten by those who witnessed theevent will be the occasion, early Sunday morning in the Chicago Beach Hotel, when the ever thoughtful pairbrought to the midnight headquartersthe two Iowa "gals" in a convenientlyhandy wheel chair !The 1911 executive committee heldover 25 meetings in advance of the Reunion. Favorite meeting places wereUnion League Club, University Club,Interfraternity Club, and Hotel Sherman."Big lugs of 1911" is the phrase reported by Mrs. Jeannette ThielensPhillips to have been applied to theclass by her son, Arnold, who on July1st entered U. S. Military Academy atWest Point after two years at the University of Chicago.1912A. Boyd Pixley and his wife recentlyreturned from a five months' touraround the world, visiting among otherplaces: Madeira, Las Palmas, CapeTown, Kimberly, Pretoria, Johannesburg, Durban, Bombay and other citiesin India, Penang, Ceylon, Singapore,Siam, Java, Bali, Manila, China, Japan,Hawaii, Panama Canal and Havana.Mr. Pixley, who is vice-president ofPixley and Ehlers, Chicago restaurateurs, is the treasurer of the ChicagoAssociation of Restaurateurs and treasurer of the National Restaurant Association.1914Bernard B. Burg, called at theoffice at Reunion time. He is educational advisor, Company 3220, CCC,Camp D 2, Georgetown, Delaware.1915At the State Teachers College in Osh-kosh, Wisconsin, James H. Smith,AM'16, directs the training school.He gets his relaxation either in writingtextbooks or putting in his time in gardening. He is chairman of the CollegeTeachers Section of the Wisconsin Educational Association.1916Extracts from the"Supreme Sixteener"THE EASTMargaret Hess Callahan, 2302Grant Avenue, Wilmington, Del, successfully managed to get back to reunion. Claims a "prosperous husband, ahealthy family and a pleasant place tolive." The family consists of Molly,15, second year high school; Betsy, 12,in seventh grade; and Bill, 9, in thirdgrade but more interested in baseballand beebe guns.Marjorie Coonley MacLeod, 115Wenonah Rd, Longmeadow, Mass. Verbatim account of family: Allen isin the first year of Junior High, hascharge of a cub scout den, plays "a fiddlein the school orchestra, and climbstrees; John is an ardent cub scout anda baseball fan (he roots for Chicago onall occasions) ; Ruth Betsy is the familyconversationalist; Norman is in secondgrade. Being very wise, she had nogoal, and has been "doing nothingwhich seems to require considerabletime." Springfield's Forum has beena factor which probably has preventedcomplete stagnation. Incidentally thefloods left their home high and drylike Noah's ark, but her husband, Norman, '17, was cornered in Vermontand had quite a taste of excitement.Amelia Phetzing, 35 Temple St.,Boston is head of the dramatic department of the Arlington Senior HighSchool. She writes "Between coachingtwo plays, speeches for graduation, andgetting two full evenings' programsready for entertaining at banquets, Ishall not find time to come to Chicago,but I shall think of you all, and wishyou well."John M. Ratcliff, Tufts College,Mass. "I am Professor of Educationand Religious Education here. Myoldest is Nadine, a high school student;my youngest is a four year old. If Ihad any goal, I have forgotten, but theturns in my roads have been unexpectedand a lot of fun." His oldest daughtermaintains he's old-fashioned; his neighbors think he's radical ; his wife sayshe's the same. Has he progressed?Well, he has an M. A. from Chicagoand a Ed. D. from Harvard. He issues a cordial invitation to Sixteenersto drop in and visit him in the WhiteMountains (Road maps to any whoapply). He's so chock full of ideasfor the paper and for local Sixteenclubs that we elect him a long-distanceCommittee member.James Tufts, Amherst, Mass. Nodirect biographical account is forthcoming from Jimmy, but Ruth Man-ierre Freeman writes of seeing him andhis family recently. She says "He hasa beautiful farm, a handsome wife anddaughters and raises the best apples inthe U. S. Jim, himself, is hale andhearty and looks just as he did 20 yearsago."Thomas A. Goodwin is a Congregational minister in Littleton, N. H.He has twins, Paul and Margaret, agednine. As for his goal — 1. found thebest girl in the world, 2. have two finekids, 3. have plenty of good work to do,4. have more friends than I deserve.Tom assures us there is plenty of roomfor growth mentally and spiritually, butnot at the waist line. Would like tosee everyone at Reunion but can't getback. He hopes, however, that all Sixteeners will summer in the WhiteMountains and stop to say "Hello," at31 High St.Lawrence MacGregor, Indian Rock,Chatham, N. J, is a bank president, a BLACKSTONEHALLanExclusive Women's Hotelin theUniversity of Chicago DistrictOffering Graceful Living to University and Business Women atModerate TariffBLACKSTONE HALL5748 TelephoneBlackstone Ave. Plaza 3313Verna P. Werner, Directorfor Economical TronuportottoHlSALES SERVICEJ. D. Levin '19 Pres.PASSENGER CARS - TRUCKSModern Service StationDREXEL CHEVROLET CO.4733 Cottage GroveDREXEL 3121CLOISTER GARAGECHICAGO PETERSENMOTOR LIVERYA PERSONAL SERVICEof Refinement, Catering to theUNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO•5650 LAKE PARK AVE.Phone MIDWAY 0949Albert Teachers' Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoEstablished 1885. Placement Bureau for menand women In all kinds of teaching positions.Large and alert College and State Teachers' College departments for Doctors and Masters: fortyper cent of our business. Critic and Grade Superiors for Normal Schools placed every year inlarge numbers; excellent opportunities. Specialteachers of Home Economics. Business Administration, Music, and Art. secure fine positions throughus every year. Private Schools in all parts of thecountry among our best patrons; good salaries. Wellprepared High School teachers wanted for city andsuburban High Schools. Special manager handlesGrade and Critic work. Send for folder today.34 THE UNIVERSITY OE CHICAGO MAGAZINEgardener, the father of Lois (11), Sam(9), Duncan (6), we hope this is correct. When last seen he was full ofdecided ideas on many topics, hencewe're positive he's not stagnant — as tohis former goals he has given us noclues.Benjamin Boese,, 866 Union St.,Schenectady, N. Y., is a representativefor John C. Winston Co. He has threechildren, Walter (21) in Albany Business College, Vilmar (20) a sophomorein Union College,, and Omer (14) inSenior High School. He says he's hadmany disappointments in the matter of"goals" but refuses to be pessimisticand is sure his education has progressed, at least along business lines.Ralph O. Cornwell lives in Scars-dale, N. Y., and sees to it that Ward'sWoolen department gets good wool. Wedon't know whether that means he hasto inspect the wool or supervise thesheep dipping process before they aresheared.Marion Davidson, 360 MadisonAve., New York City, is with HegemanHarris Company, Contractors, and iscarrying out his interest in architectureand building. He has had somethingto do with many of the most importantstructures built in recent years and alsohas contributed articles on subjects relative to building. Says he has enjoyedthe past 20 years and learned both goodand bad tricks ; some might be classedas educational. He's just a little thindown the middle aisle of his hair, butoutside of that has the same rosy cheeksand isn't too round on the corners.Ilse Spindler Fuiks, 103 FranklinAve., Yonkers, N. Y. Why, oh why,do our old stand-bys turn us down atour 20th reunion? Ilse has alwayswritten to tell us her family news, butthis year there seems to be a conspiracyof silence in the East.Lewis John Fuiks, Yonkers, N. Y.True to our predictions Lew has goneon up the musical scale and plays at thetop. We hear him on the radio often,but he hides behind the name of Victor Arden. He has continued to livein Yonkers, we don't know why, andseems to scorn our reunions, and we'dlove to have him come back and playsome of his old Blackfriar songs. Weknow he has children, is it two orthree ?Rowland George, 20 Pine St., NewYork City. Rollie reports that he is apartner in the Stock Exchange firm ofWood Struthers and Co. (There hasto be some Wood in every business).He has no children to speak of — he hasno goal to speak of — and he is doingnothing about it. Scouts state thatothers are giving real attention toRollie's future. - His handsomeness, hasripened — even mellowed with time andeven though he has some scars (received, we understand, in self-defense)he is on the whole the same cynical delight as of yore. Victor Gutwillig. Will some kindNew Yorker who may know, pleasesend the secretary his address? Thepost office refuses all we have. We aretold he is on the New York Stock Exchange. He. used to be a good Six-teener.David Kaplan, Bronxville, N. Y., isChief Cardiologist, Veterans Administration Facility. Has no children, butadmits that his education has progressed.Daniel H. G. Matthaei, 1440 Midland Ave., Bronxville, N. Y, is directorof Physical Education in the Bronxvillepublic schools. Unfortunately hisschool is still in session at Reuniontime. He plans to tour Europe and attend the Olympic games at Berlin withMrs. Matthaei, who was Georgia K.Clarke, of School of Education 1924.No children "yet."Ethelyn Faye Mullarkey Mess-ner, 507 Porter Ave., Buffalo, N. Y.Ethelyn says, "I have spent considerabletime and effort assisting in the compilation of two family histories. I am verymuch interested in genealogy (that ismy own) and I have covered old records from here to the Atlantic Coast."Her son, Charles Arthur Messner, Jr.,age ten, attends the school of Practiceof the N. Y. State Teachers College atBuffalo. She and her husband are planning to spend the next academic yeartravelling in Europe. Ethelyn hastaken graduate work at Chicago andHarvard Universities.Patricia Parmele, Noyes School ofRhythm, 215 W. Eleventh St., NewYork City. Patty gave her friends areal treat two years ago when she presented a demonstration of her. work inrhythm at the Hyde Park Hotel in Chicago. She succeeded in convincing" usthat it is a key to health, youth andpoise.Blanche Chenery Perrin, 1329Manor Circle, Pelham Manor, N. Y.,couldn't bear to forsake the field of advertising entirely, so she married an"advertising" man. She has two boys— Burnley, 12, and Edwin, 9. In orderto keep up with her family she has beenactive in various child study groupsand parent-teacher activities.Jeannie Young Barry, 371 AvonDr., Mt. Lebanon, Pittsburgh, Pa., hasan address longer than the informationshe sends us. She has one son, JohnYoung Barry, aged seven, and announces her occupation is "HOUSEWIFE."Helen Deuss Hill, 200 W. CollegeAve., State College, Pa., goes in for avariety of part-time jobs including thatof chairman of the local Red Cross,laboratory worker in botany, pianoteacher of various young friends, andhousewife. Even if she has no childrenshe manages to keep informed on theviewpoint of the younger generation between two and twenty, by borrowingthe neighbors' children. A Ph. D. fromPenn State College may be an evidenceof progress, but she maintains that she knows less of many things than whenshe was in college.Kenneth MacNeal, Germantown,Pa., we hear, is fat and prosperous andstill plays good tennis. He lives inAllen Park Manor, manages a group ofvery spiffy residential apartments, hasthree children and knows what makesthe stock market tick.Dorothy Vanderpoel MathewsOld Valley Forge Road, Devon, Pa'Her son, Neilsen, Jr., aged sixteen isa football player and top notch student,while she, she says, hardly pulled out of"Poly Con" with a whole scalp. He hasbeen attending the Episcopal Academybut will go to Exeter next year andthen for an engineer's course either atM. I. T. or Harvard. Her own occupations are: housewife, gardener, taxi-driver, and then some. Goal? Backin 1916 she aspired to Interior Decorating but is now content to decoratethe interiors of her son and husband.She is uncertain as to her stagnationproblem since her son, who has hadher education in hand for some years,maintains she is still a kid and neverwill grow up.Sarah McGaughley Oakley, 5651Washington Ave., Philadelphia, boastsof being the "senior 16'er." She isbusy with church work (her husbandis assistant pastor of the Ninth Presbyterian Church). Her goal was "thorough preparation for teaching and shehas accomplished something toward thatend. Besides teaching, she has beenstudying at: the University of Pennsylvania and is now looking for a publisherfor a book she's just written. One ofher daughters lives on a Mississippiplantation, another is a housewife andsoloist jn Philadelphia. Her son is anelectrician in Louisiana.J. Oliver Murdock, 1824 23 St., N.W., Washington, D. C, is still an important addition to the legal staff of theDepartment of State. We heard thathe promised to write an article for theAlumni Magazine, but it hasn't appeared as yet. His friends assure theeditor that his failure to return thequestionnaire promptly is probably dueto the fact he's off to Mexico orTim-buctoo on business.Merlin Paine, R. R. 1, Strouds-burg, Tenn., has all the children inseventeen counties as well as two of hisown. Judith (3) skips and Janet (1)toddles, says he with his four lines.Merle is Area Director, NationalYouth Administration. He has a Master's degree from Western Reserve andreplies to the question of progress toward his secret ambition, "Yes, yousceptic," but does not offer furtherlight on the subject.THE SOUTHCharles and, Esther (Sill) Sout-ter, 2115 Ponce de Leon Ave., Atlanta,Ga. He : Merchandise superintendent,Sears, Roebuck, Atlanta. She: Homemaker (likes this term better thanTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEhousewife). Proud parents of 4 (twoto carry on at U. of C), Esther, 19,junior at U. of C. ; Charles H., Jr., 17,freshman at "The Citadel"; Caroline,16, to enter U. of C. fall of '36; Barbara, 11, with southern accent. Theysay their education has progressed byliving through these past years and raising those kidlets with three meals a day."Thus they grew from 'more to more' "— says he !William R. Meeker, M. D., 109Conception St., Mobile, Ala., is aprominent surgeon. Still play casino,Bill?Margaret Wood Robinson, St.Francisville, La. Her education pastand present has made a profound philosopher of our genial classmate. Between struggling with a "secondgrader," Jimmy, and a pre-schooler,and their cohorts, she finds her voiceand previous goals more or less inadequate.Dorothy Collins Ballenger, Hickory, N. C. Dorothy reports three sons :the eldest, Richard Edmonds Ballenger,Jr., aged twelve, is in his second year?t Georgia Military Academy, Atlanta;Thomas Carr, and Bruce Garrison Ballenger complete the trio. Dorothy addsthat their mother is "very lazy, fat andforty."John Lincoln Gray, Ft. Worth,Tex., is a highway construction contractor, a "road builder," in otherwords. He ought to be a New Dealadvocate, but isn't in spite of being ahighwayman. He lives at the FortWorth Club in Fort Worth, Tex., butdoesn't confess to anv wife or children.Tut Moore says he's a "stout fella,"because he bought some of Tut's guard.rail. John's company is the StandardPaving Co.R. Bruce Martin (Tully), 1707 W.Easton PL, Tulsa, Okla., oil and gasmagnate, but only two children, Jean,age 16 and Suzanne, age 6. As toprogress, "I got half way there and fellback (or maybe I was pushed). Anyhow have started over." Proof of progress, a new vocabulary : Going bughunting — going on blind date; mugging— necking ; doll buggy — convertiblecoupe ; crashing — going anywhereyou're not invited.Margaret Hancock Sinclair, 4710Woodrow Ave., Galveston, Tex., ismuch the same despite 3 youngstersand bobbed hair. John, Jr., and Louise,who are high school age, have beenbusilv engaged the last year or so inmaking an extensive and carefully catalogued collection of the shells, etc.,found on their beach; Ruth is a veryenergetic seven year old. Margaret,herself, manages to do some churchwork, a bit in the League of WomanVoters, and run an informal summerschool for the neighborhood betweentimes. Otherwise she keeps house andruns a family school taxi.THE NORTHFlorence Chisholm Bowles. 287Louise Ave., Highland Park, Mich., generously sends a contribution towardReunion, regrets she can not comeherself, says she's very much interestedin news of Sixteeners and tells us nota word about herself.Elizabeth Nicol Cadwell, 436Washington Rd., Grosse Point, Mich.,finds being a wife and mother keepsher busy. Lorraine, 14, is interested intennis, baseball, dancing and school ;Betsy, 10, is the class "mother" inschool. After teaching three years,Beth married, acquired two daughters,and so doesn't have to worry about agoal. Her education, moreover, hasprogressed because now she can manage all three members of her familywith ease. Having got this far we finda note to say that all this "dope" hasbeen filled in by friend husband. Wecan vouch that Beth has the samequiet smile and twinkle of twenty yearsago.JL P. Carey, Mt. Pleasant, Mich., isAssistant Professor of Geography atCentral State Teachers College. Hisoldest daughter, Patty Ann, is a freshman in college; Betty Lou and Terryare in high school, and J. Paul, theyoungest is in elementary school. Someprogress — all that time and finances willpermit — has been made toward his goal.His educational progress has beenvaried, including a M. S., travelling andbusiness experience.Myrogene Mead and Erwin Cope(M. D.'s), Detroit, Mich., are both busyand happy. They have two children :Maurice, 10, and Elinor, 8. Jean isworking with the Infant Welfare Clinicand Erwin is associated with the Clinical Laboratories in Detroit.Mrs. W. L. Maccani (Edna Bon-field), 627 Pabst St., Ironwood, Mich.Housewife and mother of three children : William J., Jane, 9, and Mary, 4.Edna admits she has made a goodhousewife, but this has eclipsed the anticipated "higher degrees" that sheyearned for in 1916. Busy doing Latinand Algebra with William, Jr.Icie G. Macey, 463 W. Kirby Ave.,Detroit, Mich., not content with beingdirector of the Research Laboratory ofthe Children's Fund of Michigan, hasbrought up two nieces, one of whomgoes to college in the fall. Her ambitions were to continue her graduatework and to do scientific research, bothof which aims she has been able tofulfill. Meanwhile she's taken an M. the University of Colorado and aPh. D. from Yale.Fred H. Stangl. The Lewis StanglClinic, 101 Seventh Ave. S., St. Cloud,Minn., has divulged no informationabout the progress of medical practicein Minnesota or himself. We know he'sstill there, however.Miles Delmar Sutton, 1308 N.Central Avenue, Duluth, Minn., is headof the business department of Denfieldhigh school. He teaches PersonalEfficiency and Retail Selling and certainly needs them to be able to do GREUNE- MUELLERCOALIs of Highest Quality fromRespective Fields and isDUSTLESS TREATEDLet Us Prove This to You6REUNE-MUELLER GOAL GO.7435 So. Union Ave.All Phones Vincennes 4000Your whole life throughShorthand will be useful to you.LEARN GREGGThe World's Fastest Shorthand.THE GREGG PUBLISHING COMPANY2500 Prairie Ave. Chicagoy^^x HAIRfj^l A REMOVED{J|w2 FOREVER«J^f^J|i^ 16 Years' Experience^L<£^Btiwl@t*3- Free ConsultationLOTTIE A. METCALFEGraduate NurseELECTROLYSIS EXPERTMultiple 20 platinum needles can beused.Permanent removal of Hair from Face,Eyebrows, Back of Neck or any partof Body; destroys 200 to 600 Hair Rootsper hour.Removal of Facial Veins, Moles andWarts.Member American Assn. Medicfll Hydrologyand Physical Therapy$1.75 per Treatment for HairTelephone FRA 4885Suite 1705, Stevens Bldg.17 No. State St.SUPERFLUOUSHAIRPositivelyDestroyed !Your Beauty-RestoredELECTROLYSISis the only method endorsed by physicians.We are the inventors of multiple needle electrolysis and leaders for 40 years in removalof superfluous hair, moles and warts. Nopain — no scars — experienced operators andreasonable rates for guaranteed work.MADAME STIVERSuite 1009 Marshall Field Annex25 E. Washington St.Clip Ad for Booklet or Call Central 463936 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEeverything he mentions. His progresshe relates as, "I've been head of thebusiness department of the only highschool in each Mobile and Montgomery,Ala., and have been in my present position for 18 years." He also acquired amaster's degree, and is active in innumerable education associations, besidesbeing principal of an evening school.His son, Miles, Jr., 14, is in 9B.William Shirley, 4820 N. Cumberland Blvd., Milwaukee, Wis., is stillthere since his mail wasn't returned.He usually writes a volume on the"luncheon reply" postcard, but whenwe send him a long questionnaire he'sapparently too baffled to reply.THE CENTRAL SECTIONRuth Swan Blake, Rockford, 111.,has a very attractive home in Rockford,four lively youngsters, Mary Jane, 10;Ruth, 8; Joseph, 6; Joan, 4.Robert Guy Buzzard,, 615 HarrisonSt., Charleston, 111., is president of theEastern Illinois State Teachers College. He has also acquired a Ph. D.and is still studying at the University ofIllinois. Just now he's struggling formoney to build a science building and alibrary so that he'll have a "super"teachers' college. He needs just fourlines: John Andrew, freshman in highschool; Henry Lewis, student at Institute for the Deaf, St. Louis; RobertDouglass, fourth grade; Charles Eugene, third grade. In parting he tellsus that if we subtract hair and add achin or so to the listed cartoon we shallhave a fair picture of him.Bertha E. Collier, 957 W. WoodSt., Decatur, 111., is at present at homebut hopes there will soon be an increased demand for librarians in Decatur. She has a string of collegesafter her name and two extra degreescr so ; M. A. from Leland Stanford, andB. S. L. S. from the University of Illinois.Ethel Florence Cooper, M. D.,3002 S. Adams St., Peoria, is anothermember who has become a "higher up."She is a physician and surgeon in general practice, but says she is complaining considerably about the fact that shehasn't attained the goal she set for herself. She has done some globe trottingtoo — Great Britain and Scandinavia.John J. Donnahoe, the "mayor" ofJoliet, had a new arrival in the familythis past year. He says his golf gameis better than it was twenty years agoand he'll take on "all comers" at a dollar a hole. He spends most of his timecommuting between Joliet, Chicago andSpringfield. Yes, its politics.Lola Blanche Lowther, Chrisman,111. Because of ill health, Lola recentlyretired from her position as teacher inLincoln high school in Cleveland, Ohio,where she had taught 15 years.Mary Prince Richardson, SouthFork Farm, Edinburg, 111., "winters"however, in Springfield. Just now her activities are "the dandelion situation,the sprouting asparagus, setting hensand fruit tree spraying." Although shesays little about it, we are sure hereducation has progressed, particularlywhen she talks of going down intoKentucky to search for an antique cupboard to house her growing collectionof old glass.Kathleen Steinbauer Spaulding,1428 S. Douglas Ave., Springfield, 111.,confesses to being the good old-fashioned kind of mother who sings lullabiesto her three youngsters, two of whom,Charles, 17, and Robert, 14, have graduated from the lullaby to the highschool age by now; however, Kathleenis modern enough to have acquired astreptococcic throat infection but weprefer to have her modernity in the future confined to attendance at 1916 Reunion.Ruth Thomas Spurgin, Box 164,Canton, 111. Ruth says she is kept fromstagnating by her 17 year old son, "constantly informing her of the world andits ways." He graduates from highschool this year while his small brotherenters the first grade this fall. For therest of her spare time she helps runthe local Y. W. C. A. and does sundrysuch minor jobs.Harold D. Caylor writes fromBluffton, Ind., that he has two girlsaged eleven and twelve and puts in parentheses on his questionnaire (married). He is doing general surgery inthe Caylor-Nickel Clinic at BlufTton.Guy Frederic Fairbrother, 808 N.Meridian St., Brazil, Ind., is plant manager of local Libby, McNeill and Libbyfactory branch. Has made some progress toward his goal and has a smilingcountenance. Has one boy seven yearsold, and looks forward to old age underTownsend Plan.Pierce McKenzie, Evansville, Ind.,physician and surgeon (M. D. Rush1918). Back in the good old days hewanted to specialize in obstetrics andgvnecology. His children are RobertPierce, 11, premedic at U. of C. ; MarciaAnn, 7, probationer nurse ; and ThomasAlexander, 4, premedic at Rush. Stillhas a good smile and plenty of wavyblond hair. Says that every day helearns more and more about how littlehe knew about what he thought he wassure about in 1916.Gail Ryan Snyder, 2034 W. 5th,Gary, Ind., quite shamelessly confessesshe had no goal in 1916. "But of whatuse are they, anyway?" Life, however,has been eventful if not exciting. Perusal of her old college note-books hasconvinced her that she has retrogressedin the interim since 1916. However,we know that she's been writing a seriesof articles for the Gary Post Tribuneon "Better Government Personnel,"and is an excellent cook, which shouldprove something.Martha Kramer, Manhattan, Kans.,we are informed by Elizabeth Cad well,has become a very famous person. Sheteaches in the Kansas Normal College. Minnie Cassidy Kyle, Osewego,Kans., was sorry she couldn't enjoy Re,union in person. "As for myself, I'mback in my old home town — one of theunemployed at present."E. Luella Walther Adams, Vir-Mar Apartments, Mexico City, Mo.Married, no children, "can't even keep adog in her apartment. She taughtschool until she married. Feels something should be done so that marriagedoesn't spoil the career of a teacher.Took some graduate work in Englishat Missouri School of Mines just tocompensate for being kept out of theteaching business.Steven Cornish, Bowling Green,Mo. He is willing to bet "50 smackers"no one of the class remembers him. Buthe remembers one member, OliveGreensfelder ; sat next to her in somevery "deep" class. He hoped to write'the Great American Novel,' but hasbecome satisfied with an occasional contribution to the 'pulps.' We are alearned class, just glance through ourroster. This member casually says heis county superintendent of the schoolsin Pike County, Mo. There are threeCornishes who undoubtedly are to follow in "Papa's" footsteps.Lois Diehl, 2107 S. Grand St. Louis,Mo. Lois is now acting general secretary of the Y. W. C. A. in St. Louis.She has been their program secretaryfor a year and a half.Charles J. Eldridge, M. D., 5740Central St., Kansas City, Mo. Charlieis a successful pediatrician with twolittle pedes of his own — Dorothea andFrederick. In twenty years he hasgrown wiser and sadder, he says (sohave we all) and made progress towardhis goal.Carl Gustave Georgi, 1526 BigBend Blvd., St. Louis, Mo., is instructorat Washington University and Pastorof nearby Lutheran church. He hastwo children, Margaret, 15, and Charles,13. Is still reaching for his goal.Judson Shepard Masson, 1102Tenth St., Lorain, Ohio,, is AssistantSuperintendent of Schools in Lorain.His oldest son, Melvin, is Supervisorof Public School Music in Archibald,Ohio, after having been graduated in1935 from Ohio State University. Hehas a daughter there now, and twomore children, one in high school, onein elementary. He says he's managedto be useful in public schools.Nellie Barrett Rich, 3756 AultAve., Cincinnati, Ohio, cannot decidewhether the children will go to the University of Cincinnati where her husband is teaching Geology, or come toChicago. (News supplied by a friend).Alice E. Treat, Lake Erie College, Painesville, Ohio, is a dietitian andassistant house director at Lake ErieCollege.THE WESTJames Greenlief Brown, 1733 E.6 St., Tucson, Ariz., says housewife isnot his full time occupation, but he doesTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 37like to cook. Besides acting as head ofthe department of Plant Pathology atthe University of Arizona and PlantPathologist for the Agricultural Experiment Station, he has managed toacquire two graduate degrees, writesome twenty pamphlets and articles,and in collaboration with a fellow-worker, invent a machine whichpromises to be useful. "One alwaysfalls short of the ideals he envisions atthe time of graduation or any other,"he writes, however, he does get a bit ofpleasure when scientists or businessmen from a distance who are interestedin his experiments, drop in. His daughter, Dorothv, is a freshman at the University of Arizona.Gustave O. Arlt, University ofSouthern California, Los Angeles,Calif., is professor of German Literature and chairman of the Departmentof Germanic Languages and Literaturesat the University of California. Hewould like to "see himself" at Reunion,but finds it impossible to get fartherwest than Hollywood — not a bad placeto stop ? He has one daughter and asksus if he has made progress. Yes, wethink he's living up to the standardsof 1916.Edwin Cole, is now a native Cali-fornian. Has a wife and a dog. He isaccumulating "bucks" selling machinery in Hollywood and spends much ofhis nights in Los Angeles' Chinatown.He has the same smile and quiet enthusiasm as of yore.J. S. Rex Cole, Hollywood, Calif.,is president of the Equitable Investment Corporation. He has a fifteenyear old son and an eleven year olddaughter and also a M. A. degree. Apparently he lives an exciting life because he wrote a thrilling account of ajealous husband who tried to shoot hiswife who happened to be Rex Cole'ssecretary, and the dastardly deed occurred right in Cole's office ! Two menwere killed but Cole dodged all bullets.Sixteeners are, of course, remarkablepeople.Jehiel S. Davis, 14253 Gilmore St.,Van Nuys, Calif., is teaching in a LosAngeles high school with his righthand and deftly but efficiently and withprofit, running the Davis TravelAgency with his left. He will buy youa ticket to Tessville or Timbuctoo.With four children, ranging in agefrom 3 to 21, his talents as father,teacher and travel agent have been useful in a big way. Jehiel tells us thathe can look back over a lot of groundcovered and forward to much room forgrowth. The editor hopes he has alarge house and hereby records his congratulations and best wishes.Victor Halperin, somewhere inHollywood, Calif. Helen Jeffrey informs us that he is an independent producer — and a very successful one — ofmoving pictures. The last address wehave in the files is "no good" accordingto the post office. We wish he'd sendus another. Katherine Field White Hotch-kiss, Wissahickon Inn, Redlands,,Calif., has adopted California as hernative state and will boost its charmswith the most enthusiastic of its nativesons and daughters. She has retiredfrom one business to take pleasure inlearning the arts of housekeeping, somust be making progress in education.Helen Jeffery, 1624J4 W. 25th St.,Los Angeles, Calif., teaches Englishand Social Science in Compton JuniorCollege. Two trips to Europe, University summer sessions, teaching something different every year, not to mention the 1933 earthquake \ have kept hermoving, at least, she writes. The rateof two hundred children a year makes itimpossible for her to send an accuratereport with only four lines to write on !She bemoans the fact that the closingof her school coincides with Reunion orelse she would certainly come. If anyone can solve the problem of how tosponsor a Prom, give, grade and average final exams in California and reachChicago an hour or so later she'd welcome the solution. What about airplanes ?Ruth Prosser McLain, 865 S.Grand Ave., Pasadena, Calif., writesthat John, her eldest, is at the microscope and chemistry stage; Mary Loisnext in line, is practicing the WildRider so strenuously that this epistle almost didn't survive. In addition, MaryL. takes an active interest in tennis,baseball and editing a weekly paper.Joe, the youngest, tries to keep up withhis elders (and as they think — betters)despite considerable discouragement.As for herself, she reports that she isthe same old hopeful idealist except for"lines and hair." "If one survivesthree active children and their multipleinterests, has one not glimpsed the beginning of wisdom?"Edith Mae Bell, Canon City, Colo.Dean American School of Applied Psychology. She has attained her goal firstby traveling almost all over the worldand finally settling down to AppliedPsychology. "Color" is the subjectshe writes about. Education since 1916.Post graduate, Divinity School; Ph. American Institute of Applied Psychology.Carl T. Olson, M. D., Wyndmere,N. Dak. Carl is a successful physicianand surgeon. There are two little Olsons to hold the reins — or watch theFord— Joan, 12, and Patricia, 8. Without government aid and by the sweat ofhis own brow he has lived throughdrought and dust storms and developedwithal a very happy philosophy of lifethat comes with the wide open spaces.A long way from centers of learning,he stays abreast of developments inmedicine by burning the midnight oilover the latest books on medicine andsurgery. Carl refuses to be a "backnumber." More power to you, Carl.Ferne Gildersleeve Clark, 2512 N.E. 38 Avenue, Portland, Ore., findsthat entertaining and fulfilling the duties SCHOOLDIRECTORYSAINT XAVIER COLLEGEFOR WOMEN4900 Cottage Grove AvenueCHICAGO, ILLINOISA Catholic College Conducted bythe SISTERS OF MERCYCourses lead to the B. A. and B. S.degrees. Music— ArtThe Midway School6216 Kimbark Ave. Tel. Dorchester 3299Elementary Grades — High SchoolPreparation — KindergartenFrench, Music and ArtBUS SERVICEA School with Individual Instruction andCultural AdvantagesIntensive Stenographic CourseFOR COLLEGE MEN & WOMEN100 Words a Minute in 100 Days As- a,sured for one Fee. Enroll NOW. Day ^classes only — Begin Jan., Apr., Julyand Oct. Write or Phone Ran. 1575.18 -S. MICHIGAN AVE., CHICAGO 4r1LIBRARY SCHOOL209 S. State St., Chicago, III.Preparatory course for public Librarian.Practical book courses for positions inRental Libraries and book stores.Register Mon. to Fri. II a. m. to 4 p. m.ELIZABETH HULL SCHOOLForRETARDED CHILDRENBoarding and Day Pupils5046 • TelephoneGreenwood Ave. Drexel 1188STAGE ARTS SCHOOL, INC.Peggy Lou Snyder, PresidentDANCING— INSTRUCTION615 Lyon & Healy Bldg., 64 E. Jackson Blvd.Harrison 4782South Side StudioHayes Hotel— 64th and University3S THE UNIVERSITY OF C IT I C A G O MAGAZINEof a college president's wife (OregonInstitute of Technology) with one handand trying to keep up with three livelyyoungsters, Betty, 16; Edward, 12;Charles, 10; on the other hand, is aninteresting, but rather energetic life.Carl L. Huffaker, University ofOregon, Eugene, Ore. He says he hassolved the problem of stagnation intrying to keep up with graduate students. He hints a familiarity with golfand announces a hankering to attendReunion if it can be sandwiched inbetween commencement in Oregon andsummer sessions there. Carl, Jr., is auniversity student; Anne Marie is inhigh school; Susan, junior high, andVictor is in grade school. He refersus to American Men of Science forhis proof of progress.Martin Carey, St. Andrews Hotel,Portland, Ore., lawyer, his goal : "Tobecome Dictator," so far, only tries tolook dignified.Ivah Lister Finstad, Bixby, S. Dak.Claims to have forgotten much of thetheory of physics and chemistry, butto have gained a corresponding amountof practical working knowledge of thesesciences through her occupation as"housewife, sometimes milkmaid andsheepherder." We suspect Ivah is a bitof a poet also, as her answer to ourquestionnaire is prefaced with a sampleof her skill for which we haven't spacein the paper.Edith Abell, Vermillion, S. D.. isAssistant Professor in the Fine ArtsDepartment of the University of SouthDakota.George M. Fister, M. D., 710 EcclesBldg., Ogden, Utah, has made progress toward his goal doing some postgraduate wTork in Urology. He has twochildren, Branklin, 20, and Marv, 17.Alta M. Fisher Davis, 1508 TenthAve. North, Seattle, Wash. As many ofus feel, she writes, "I am classified as ahousewife, a drab word to cover a colorful occupation." Her nine year oldAlice Jane appears "normal" thus far.She feels she is definitely sliding backwards" as far as her education is concerned, and as for her goals, they havechanged many times. She sends hergreetings to all Sixteeners, but fearsshe won't be back for Reunion as herhusband's new book is just going topress at that time.CHICAGO AND SUBURBSAlice Waits Andersen,. 2316 E.70 St., finds that being a housewife isa full time occupation. Although shehas no children, she has enjoyed a 17year old niece of her husband's fromDenmark, who has been living withthem and taking work at the U. of C.She is sure she has more common sensethan she did in 1916, even though herbooklearning hasn't progressed much.Isabel MacMurray Anderson, 4920Greenwood Ave., Chicago, 111., has fourchildren: Tex: (18) at Culver; Jane(16) at Dobbs Ferry, N. Y. ; Jim (12)and Katherine (9) at home. She can'tremember her goal but is certain she hasn't attained anything. "It's all Ican do to keep my feet together and myhead up from day to clay." In spite ofher insistence that her academic brainis stagnant, she manages to run herfamily, do church work, globe trot, aidand abet the Garden Club and still havesufficient surplus energy to help editthis paper, not to mention giving aparty for Sixteeners !Mary Kilvary Anderson, 1457Gregory St., Chicago, has two sons,one in high school and another readyfor college in the fall.Rosa Biery Andrews, 9600 St. Lawrence, Chicago, has spent a busy lifebringing up Lucy, aged 13, and beingExecutive Secretary of the IllinoisHome Economics Association. Justnow she's "being lazy" she says, gardening and settling a new house.Mildred Appel, The Georgian Hotel,Evanston, writes freely about IsabelleSullivan Mills, but gives very little information concerning herself exceptthat she stays at home and is verymuch interested in studying French.Dorothy Far well Barber, 1238Scott Ave., Flubbard W^oods, 111., is a"housewife and how" with Marian, "theclass baby," a junior at N. W. Schoolof Speech, Luther, Jr., Bill, and Bettyto keep her amused and out of mischief.She has changed her goal and has notcaught up with it at the present writing.She is completing her education bykeeping up with her children and thatas we all know is quite a different typeof education to what we had at the U.of C. She acted as the official hostesswith her son, Luther, Jr., and entertained Admiral Byrd at their homewhen the explorer spoke at the HighSchool.Rosalie Barnard, 2327 E. 68 St.,Chicago, is a teacher at Hyde Parkfrom September to June and a globetrotter from June to September. Wededuce that with two such occupationsshe is far from stagnant, but come toReunion and find out for yourselves.Jessie Barnes, 512 W. DenningPlace, Chicago, is teaching French atFrances Parker school.Carl Asa Birds all is the Vice-president of the Illinois ContinentalTrust and Savings Bank. Had his salary published in the Tribune among thechief executives of the bank and believe you me, it wasn't bad. Has a wife,but no other immediate family. (Information supplied by a fellow Six-teener. )Marion Mortimer Blend, 9300 S.Winchester, Chicago, is as smiling andactive as ever. Besides managing Barbara, 16, Loraine, 15, Bobby, 12, shelends a helping hand to Infant Welfare.Her education is now progressing rapidly as the Blends have gone in forgentleman farming. Her husband isthe gentleman, she's the farmer, saysshe.Sarah F. Bobbitt, 5723 KenwoodAve., Chicago, gives as her occupations: housewife; chairman of Civic Drama League, cooperating at presentwith the City Manager Committee in aprogram of education using dramaticcompositors as a medium; member ofWoman's Division of MetropolitanHousing Council; vice-chairman of thehousing committee of Woman's CityClub. Her daughter is Mrs. Allen Miller.Elizabeth Harris Brittain, 9323S. Winchester Ave., is married andfinds she can easily spend her time beinga "housewife." She has three children:David (12), Mary Jane (9), andBobby (5).Dan Hedges Brown, 1022 E. 54 St.,has the advantage of living near theUniversity and keeping in close touchwith campus affairs. He is said tohave his hands on a new secret processfor making twice as much flour froma grain of wheat as was ever made before. If the farmers (or Mr. Pills-bury) don't shoot him, maybe he'll feedthe heathen Chinese yet.Fred Burcky, 636 Church St.,Evanston, is so busy with the practiceof medicine that he has no time forfrivolities, like class questionnaires. Weknow he has a wife and an office, butare sorry we can't give you more information.Janet Calkins, 7102 Lowe Ave.,Chicago, teaches in the Jefferson schoolin Chicago.Joseph K. Calvin, 5125 KimbarkAve., is one of Chicago's prominentpediatricians and the proud possessor ofa small daughter and son.Donald Colwell, 4026 N. LowellAve., is a sales manager for the Stewart Die Casting Corporation. His twodaughters, Mar jorie, in seventh gradeand Grace in third, keep him busy shooing boys off the front porch. He assures us that his progress has amountedto about twenty months in twenty years,during which period he has taught,been in the army, spent thirteen yearsas a metallurgist, and four in his present occupation. As proof that he isnot stagnant, he offers the informationthat he has served as chairman of theChicago Chapter of the American Society for Metals ; and Chicago section,American Institute of Mining andMetallurgical Engineers.Isabella Compton, 6028 DorchesterAve., Chicago, teaches at the Bellschool in Lake Forest.Max Cornwell, 5312 Kimbark Ave.,has the same cheerful grin and infectious laugh that he had twenty yearsago. He sells white goods (cotton fabrics) for the Rose Mary Corporation,travels a lot, and usually takes hischarming wife with him.Ruth Sandberg Culbertson, Lib-ertyville, 111., teaches foreign languagesin the Senior High School in Liberty-ville.Ethel Davts, (M. D.), 4742 EllisAve., Chicago, was supposed to writeherself up, but didn't. She is a verybusy person what with hospital staffmeetings, private practice (child specialist) and so on. We know she's notTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 39stagnant, she can tell us about all thedoctors in '16; moreover, she's always"doing a little special studying." Outwardly we can observe no change eitherin waist-line or smile.Ralph Davis, Geneva, 111., says thathis children, Scott (11) and Beth (7)are now equipped "to tell Gerry and mewhere to get off at. Life really beginsat 40." He has a farm on the FoxRiver which he finds grand sport aslong as the dough holds out. Just nowthe farm is a good expensive place tokeep saddle horses and produce milk ata dollar a quart. Otherwise he spendshis spare time in the Chicago Stock Exchange.Helen Dawley, 5551 Kimbark Ave.,Chicago, is a cataloger (rare books)at Harper Library. She has nomemories of any goal but hopes she'sprogressed a bit in her work and is sureshe has in her avocation, traveling.Moreover she's learned to drive a carand has done considerable graduatework; she even talks about Greekcourses.Carl E. Defebaugh, 1150 E. 50thSt., Chicago. Our Carl has developedinto a great Umpire and has plenty ofaction as such. The local neighborhoodbaseball games, in which his young sonstars, keep his avoirdupois under control. He is also commander of theUnion League Club Post of the American Legion, and publisher of Lumberman's Journal. Mrs. Defebaugh isMartha Barker, '17. Their attractivedaughter, Martha Jean, is at U. High.Virginia Titus Dodge, 9601 S.Winchester Ave., Chicago, no occupation, two children, Robert (16) andVirginia (8). As to goal, "Oh, myyes! Have almost caught up with it."Claire Votaw Fager, 574 OrchardLane, Winnetka, has two fine youngsons in high school and finds keepingup with one's family a time consumingoccupation.Marjorie J. Fay, 5468 WoodlawnAve., Chicago, has recently acquiredher Master's degree from the U. of C.Last year she taught in the UniversityHigh School in Columbus, Ohio. Thisyear she has been staying at homestudying French and pursuing amateurornithology. Since she always doesthings thoroughly, she's been pursuingspecimens relentlessly from the forestpreserve to garbage dumps. At thelast check-up she had over 100 charted.Evelyn Hattis Fox, 170 N. TaylorAve., Oak Park, 111. Evelyn has oneson, Benum, who is a junior at OakPark High School. He has played theviolin since he was five years old whenhe studied in Vienna. When at homeshe says she is a "housewife"^ but hasvisited Palestine a number of times andhas depicted the lives of the people ofPalestine in song and dance at the annual Hadassah Purim dinner dance atthe Jewish Educational center.Elsie Johns Frankfort, DelawarePlace, Chicago, says she regards herself as a thoroughly useless citizen, hasno children or pets to speak of, writes a signed society column for the EveningAmerican, trots around like a spaniel,poking her nose into a lot of privatebusiness and writing it up in as fewwords as possible. She is also a member of the Lake Shore League ofWomen Voters and has been interestedin working for the permanent Registration bill.Ruth Manierre Freeman, 316 E.6th St., Hinsdale, 111., thanks heaventhat her original ambition — a family often — has only progressed 3-1.0 of theway. Brewster, Edward and Billy areall doing school thoroughly (I don'tmean studying). She's another one ofthose who are too lazy to prove thatshe's not stagnant.Ethel Jacobs Gans, 5660 N. Maple-wood, Chicago, is a social worker andhas a son who is in the first grade.Proof of progress — she has taken someclasses since leaving college!(Judge) Joe Geary, 221 SouthCentral Park Blvd., Chicago, (so JohnRoser reports) is making a fine recordas assistant to the Judge of the ProbateCourt in Chicago.Henry "High" Getz, is managingdirector and Vice President of A. G.Becker & Co. He lives in one of theshow places of Highland Park. He'sbusy running back and forth fromSpokane to New York. If you can findhim in Chicago, you're lucky. Evenhis family call him Mister. High isthe same old boy with lots of pep. He'srefreshing to see, but he only sent ushis card plus a bill. The rest of ourinformation has been culled from several sources.Harold J. Gordon, 201 So. LaSalleSt., Chicago, is a group sales managerwith Halsey Stuart & Co. — and whata man ! Same old smile — and twins —freshmen at University High School.Says he's made some progress in providing groceries for twins, and reallyhas taken time for inventory — but the20th Reunion has reminded him that itis the third down with the goal yet togo. He is still living near the Univer-sitv and keeps in close touch,Olive Greensfelder, 5455 Woodlawn Ave., Chicago. She has more children than the old woman who lived inthe shoe. Her original ambition wasto run an orphan asylum but they'vegone out of style now. She is sure hereducation hasn't progressed as sheknows nothing of golf, baseball, worldaffairs, the latest jazz kings, and fightnews. However, teaching English inGary has given her a modern vocabulary to rival Bruce's and a large doseof practical psychology.Charles F. Grimes, 1104 LincolnAve., Highland Park, 111. In 1916 hewanted to be a pullman porter, but hemade no progress so became a lawy eland is kept busy by three youngGrimeses, who are stars. Frances (10)is no Jane Withers, George (7) is noFreddie Bartholemew, Carol (6) is noShirley Temple. Charlie can't decide ifhe knows more or less since he leftU. of C. BUSINESSDIRECTORYASBESTOSA UNIVERSITY FAVORITEK. & M.FEATHERWEIGHT85% MagnesiaUniform and light in weight. More. dead air cells. Better insulation.KEASBEY & MATTISON CO.205 W. Wacker Drive Ran. 6951AWNINGSPhones Oakland 0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.,INC.Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueBOOKSMEDICAL BOOKSof All PublishersThe Largest and Most Complete Stock andall New Books Received as soon as published. Come in and browse.SPEAKMAN'S(Chicago Medical Book Co.)Conqress and Honore StreetsOne Block from Rush Medical CollegeBROADCASTINGNORMAN KLINGOutstandingVOCAL INSTRUCTORTO STARS OFRadio — Stage — OrchestraWill Help You to Improve orDevelop Your VoiceHis Aid Has Helped Many toGreater Earning Power and SuccessStudioKimball Building TelephoneWebster 7181CATERERJOSEPH H. BIGGSFine Catering in all its branches50 East Huron StreetTel. Sup. 0900—0901Retail Deliveries Daily and SundaysQuality and Service Since 188240 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDavid Gustafson, 1500 N. LisbonSt., Morris, 111., is secretary of theGraphic Arts Educational Council ofChicago, also writes regularly for tradejournals. Four children— Paul, Ruth,Wilbur, and Ethel. Has reached hisgoal and passed to other fields.Elizabeth Crowe Hannum, 856George St., Chicago, is a housewifeand free lance writer just now. Thissummer she will be one of the lecturersin the Institute of Higher Studies inEnglish at Northwestern University.Last year her book, Speak! Read!Write, won the $4,000 prize offered bythe Atlantic Press for the best text submitted on the teaching of secondaryschool English. Rumor hath it thatshe and her husband intend to take atrip around the world next winter.Estelle Zeman Heller, 1146 HydePark Blvd., has returned to the SouthSide. Her oldest daughter, Barbara,is a sophomore at U. High, her youngerattends the elementary school. Estelleherself doesn't look a day older thanshe did in '16.Alice Hertel, 5431 Maryland Ave.,Chicago, is assistant-secretary for theLake Michigan Mortgage Company.The firm, she says, has changed itsname, but it's really the same one she'sbeen with for some years.Johanna Heumann, M. D., (Mrs.Sam Needleman), 5470 Hyde ParkBlvd., Chicago, takes time out from herbusy practice to spend summer days atthe Dunes with her two small daughters, Jean and Ruth.Marian Brelesford Hooker, 10412S. Claremont Ave., is still living inBeverly Hills and expects to make ither permanent home, as she and herhusband are building a home at 109thand Hoyne. She is very much interested in the dramatic department of theBeverly Hills Woman's Club.Gertrude Darrow Hughey, 7718 S.Kingston Ave., Chicago, has one daughter, Jane, age twelve.Helen Perry Kelly, 2408 PayneSt., Evanston, finds that one husbandand one daughter, Christin, constitutea full-sized occupation. OtherwiseHelen is much the same and can becounted on to make good wisecracks, oroffer an unexpected view-point.Ethel Callerman Lanestrum,6054 N. Neva Ave., Chicago, lives inNorwood Park. She has been verymuch interested in the Norwood ParkWoman's Club, of which she has beenthe president. Just now she is presidentof the Norwood Park Playmakers, agroup organized to study the historyand production of plays.Regis La very, 859 N. Dearborn,Chicago, asks what to do with the linesif one has no children. The only goalshe can recall having 'way back was tocontinue to have a good time. Atpresent she is engaged in a social service job most of the day and is acquiringa Master's degree in S. S. A. on theside. Before long she will be a fullfledged psychiatric social worker. Goodness, I don't believe there was such aword in 1916 ! N. R. Levin, Chicago, Assistant Librarian at the Chicago Public Library— has a fine boy of thirteen and hasacquired another degree since graduation — it is B. L. S. Can you guess it?Vera Lund, Palos Park, 111. Sincethe death of her father she has beenassociated with L. F. Coleman, Architect. Previous to this she was chiefGeologist in the Cheyenne office of theShell Company for three years. Herambition — to travel far and wide. Shehas already visited the Canadian Northwest, Alaska, Honolulu, Japan andChina and hopes to cover the remainderof the globe in the next twenty years.Hugh MacDonald, M. D., lives inEvanston and specializes in InternalMedicine. He has four boys, aged 11,9, 9, and 8. Has done research on thecauses of chickenpox, whooping cough,influenza, etc. — (we don't wonder).Reba Mackinnon, 1221 CarmenAve., Chicago, says her occupation is"Statistics — The Peoples Gas Light andCoke Co." Her past ambitions she can'trecall, but she's still looking ahead —"admiring the colors wrapped aroundthe goal-posts and plugging ahead(feminine for bucking the line). Progress in reverse." We doubt it.Roderick MacPherson lives inHighland Park, has a charming wife(Margaret Monroe) and four children.He plays a fast game of commuter'sbridge and continues in the business ofdistributing securities for investment.Nevertheless, he says the S. E. C. isn'tso bad.Fowler B. McConnel, 401 Hawthorne Lane, Winnetka, 111., is withSears Roebuck & Co. in Chicago. Hehas a nine-year-old daughter in theWinnetka schools and a two-year-oldboy at home. He says his educationalprogress has been stagnant — but doesn'tprove it, so we can't believe it.Helen Hunt McKay, 9204 S.Hoyne Ave., Chicago, has been tryingto catch up with modern education byattending Chicago Normal College thiswinter. Her son, Edwin (13) is devoted to boy-scouting and clay modeling; Helen (10), her mother says, is"just a plain girl."Cedric Valentine Merrill, 925Greenwood Blvd., Evanston, 111. Cedis a regular attendant at Reunion, withhis wife, Alice Kitchell Merrill of 1917.They have one boy, Richard. As toprogress toward his goal, says he — "bereasonable, shall we be bound by childish vows?" Then he continues — he'ssubstituting new and better goals, asthe years go on. Good idea, Ced, aslong as we can change with the times,we'll stay young.Charles Michel, Jr., 9900 S. HoyneAve., Chicago, is president of threecorporations, among them NationalSalesmen's Training Association. Hisboy, Walter, in eighth grade, recentlytook a prize for his tennis ability thusproving the theory of inheritance(Charlie, lest you forget, was a member of the University Tennis team over 20 years ago). Girl, Jane — a rival ofShirley Temple.C. Phillip Miller, 5801 DorchesterAve., Chicago, is Associate Professorof Medicine at the U. of C. Here follows an account (we hope it can beprinted accurately) of his present research. He's working on bacteriological aspects of refractional meningococcus cells, also the media in which theyhave grown and the varying lengths oftime, in an effort to detect the existenceor nonexistence of so-called toxin. (Information not supplied by subject himself).Isabelle Sullivan Mills, 638 N.Kenilworth, Oak Park, 111., has justreturned from Florida. Her daughter,Mary Louise, graduates from EmmaWillard this June and will enter theU. of C. in the fall, Fred goes to Culver next year, and Marcia is in grammar school. She's had no time tothink of goals, but hopes to get aroundto it in 1956. Her occupations aregardening and chauffering. MildredAppel tells us that Isabelle has a farmnear St. Charles, which must be neighbor to the Davis farm.George J. Mohr, 43 E. Ohio St., Chicago, a well known child psychiatrist,commutes between Vienna and Chicago,leaving his small son and daughter inone city or the other.Harold (Tut) Moore, Hinsdale,111., (married Doris MacNeal). Halhas developed into a most efficient ladiesman; you should see him at our Reunion committee meetings. He has twochildren: Betty, who graduates fromhigh school this year, and Malcolm,better known as Buddy. Hal is an expert sailor and takes his racing veryseriously. He also loves to build boats,in his basement; yes, with the age-oldresult — too big.David Mortimer Olkon, 25 E.Washington St. Dave is a physician —yes a specialist — in fact a Neuropsychi-atrist. Assistant-Professor in the College of Medicine, University of Illinois.He is carrying on research and teaching in his field in the hope of contributing something important to theknowledge of nervous and mental disorders. He studied abroad in the Universities of London, Berlin, Vienna, andParis from 1920 to 1924, and arrivedhome in time to save a few souls fromjumping out of windows at the time ofour late Economic Unpleasantness.Dave doesn't say that he isn't married— merely reports that he has no children.Erna Olschner Scholz, 4720 N.Ashland Blvd., has recently joined theranks of school marms; consequentlyshe'll not suffer stagnation (no matterwhat section of the younger generationshe teaches). There is still time, shefinds to keep house bring up a. thirteen-year-old son and even step out nights.Reva Shoemaker Pearce, 6156Kimbark Ave., Chicago, is a housewife and an underwriter for the Equitable Life Assurance Society. Her son,Andrew, is a freshman at the Universityof Minnesota, and Betty is in secondTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 41year high school at Hyde Park. She isstill soaking up knowledge and hopingfor a touch of wisdom, but fears heroriginal goal is forgotten.Gertrude Stewart Pease, 4136 Ked-vale, Chicago has been principal of theAvalon school for ten years.Eugene B. Perry, M. D., 1305 E..63rd St., Chicago, takes time from abusy practice to play lots of golf.Gifford Plume, 708 Dobson St.,Evanston, but eventually somewhere inNew York. Gifford has recently resigned as assistant to the Director ofExhibits for the Texas Centennial, toact as representative for the FawcettPublications, Inc., 1501 Broadway. Hisdaughter, Martha Jane, is just finishinggrammar school. Gifford Jr. is nine.He says he's made a few place kicks,but some of them hit the cross-bar;however, he suggests that his educationhas made some progress. Most of hisfriends, he asserts, are not modest;hence he doesn't feel called upon todivulge any information about them.Sidney M. Portis, M. D., 5737Blackstone Ave. has gained in avoirdupois and importance with the years. Hestill practices medicine in Chicago andhas two children.John Craig Redmond, 6907 JeffreyAve., Chicago, has written a slice ofthis paper "just out of his head" so hemust have a special '16 compartmentsomewhere. He managed to wangle thebiggest chop at the last committee luncheon, but otherwise his laugh booms outas infectiously as ever and he still^ is"quick on the uptake." He is divisionmanager with Berghoff Brewing Company.Marie Rees is teaching Civics atSenn High School in Chicago. She hasalso acquired a Master's degree fromAmes College.Edward Reticker, 1832 S. HalstedSt., Chicago, is City Editor of the Chicago American. He has three children,jane, age 16; Donald, 10', and Richard,9. He says if he had any dope aboutour classmates he would print it himself.John Roser, 4219 Ozark, Chicago,is a lawyer. His daughter, Ruth Ar-leen, is in her sophomore year at highschool. John himself is still recoveringfrom a serious accident, but says herefuses to be pessimistic. Highlight ofhis legal career: fee offered, 2 pigs 1cow, for saving a colored boy frombeing hanged. Not sure about progresssince his dog failed to take a ribbon atdog show and his major musical ambitions are still unrealized.Paul S. Russell, 4901 GreenwoodAve., Chicago. Pete is busy being abanker, husband and father; the latteris no easy role when there are "FiveLittle Russells." Three attended theUniversity Elementary, and the youngest, Harold, gives every indication ofbeing a second Berwanger. He says:"Not having ever set a goal for myself,it is difficult, if not impossible, to statewhether or not I have made any progress toward it since 1916. Twenty years after, my only reaction is that thewhole thing. has been worth doing andthat life continues to be a lot of fun.My main interest, outside of my familyand friends, continues to be the University of Chicago. As time goes on I ammore than ever proud of the fact that Iam an alumnus of what I believe to bethe most forward looking educationalinstitution in the United States. I amalso exceedingly proud to be a memberof the Class of 1916, which represents(what I like to think) is the quality ofmaterial the University of Chicago canturn out.Marion Cole Schroeder, M. D.,5738 Kenwood Ave., Chicago, is botha housewife, physician, and mother of-Elizabeth (6%) enjoying school; andof Philip (2l/2) exploring the worldabout. Part of her early goal — two finechildren, a satisfactory husband, and areasonable practice, has been attained;however, she's still pegging away. Inher opinion a couple of children afforda liberal education in the art of living.Ninuzza Seymour, the Aragon Hotel, Chicago, has been working hardever since War days, but now designatesher occupation as "lady of leisure."Agnes Arminda Sharp, 10848 Long-wood Drive, Chicago, has three occupations : Assistant Director and ChiefPsychologist of the Psychiatric Instituteof the Municipal Court; instructor inabnormal psychology at Rush; a consulting psychologist in private practice.Her goal was the "longest way 'round,"but she is solvent at least. Her education includes an MA and a start towarda PhD.Max Sickle, Jr., 108 S. SheridanRoad, Highland Park, is general manager F. E. Barr & Company, manufacturing chemists. Two children, Stephen (7) helping John (4), who is"Braintrusting in Washington." Maxis looking forward to a life of ease under Townsend Plan. As to picture hesays : "Remove most hair, add enormous stomach — result, perfect likeness."Lucille Simmons, 522 E. 34th St.,Chicago. Still at the same old job, secretary to Dr. A. L. Backmeyer, Directorof the University Clinics. Come to seeme at Billings Hospital, S-144, anyweekday.Gertrude Smith, Faculty Exchange,is acting Chairman of the Departmentof Greek Language and Literature^ atthe University of Chicago. In additionto articles which appear from time totime in Classical Philology, she has published in collaboration with Prof. Bonner a book entitled The Administrationof Justice from Hesiod to Solon.Bernice Ladewick Solomon, 5201Greenwood Ave., is a psychiatric socialworker. She asserts : "I'm excited andenthusiastic about my work and mytwelve-year-old daughter."Denton Sparks, 8114 Drexel Ave.,Chicago, is president of A. C. McClurg& Company. His children are GailRuth (7), flourishing in the secondgrade, and Kenneth (3%), a big helpto his parents. His following commentsare pointedly brief: Progress? "Some." COALJAMES COAL CO.ESTABLISHED 1888YARDS58th & Halsted Sts. Phone Normal 280081st & Wallace Sts. Phone Radcliffe 8000COFFEE -TEALa Touraine Coffee Co.IMPORTERS AND ROASTERS OFLA TOURAINECOFFEE AND TEA209-13 MILWAUKEE AVE., CHICAGOat Lake and Canal Sts.Phone State 1350Boston— New York — Philadelphia — SyracuseELECTRIC SIGNSELECTRIC SIGNADVERTISING•FEDERAL ELECTRIC COMPANYCLAUDE NEON FEDERAL CO.225 North Michigan Avenue•W. D. Krupke, '19Vice-president in Charge of SalesEMPLOYMENTCOLOREDDOMESTIC HELPFurnishedDay or NightReferences investigated.Englewood Employment Agency5530 S. State. Phone-Englewood 3 1 8 1 -3 i 82Street Night-Englewood3 181Established 16 yearsFLOWERSHOMER LANGE A. LANGEEst. 1887Charge Accounts arid DeliveryFLORIST^63 East Monroe Central !mi*m. . <*- *tf*d Q CHICAGO®&P Established 1865e/j^ FLOWERSPhones Plaza 6444, 64451364 East 53 rd Street42 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEWhat are you doing about it? "Waituntil I get a chance." His conduct, however, at committee meetings, we assureyou, proves conclusively that he is farfrom stagnant.Bertha Kaplan Spector, 5519 University Ave., Chicago, is another ofthese ambitious ones who manage several occupations. She does laboratorywork at Billings, and also runs a houseand two youngsters, Rosalie (6) andEverett (3).Evangeline Stenhouse, M. D., Chicago, has been doing post graduate workin dermatology at Billings for the pastthree years. At present part of hertime is spent as a physician for theUniversity Student Health Service andpart is devoted to private practice. Shehas recently opened an office in theSouth Shore Building.^ Art Teninga, M. D., 538 W. 107thSt., Chicago, is practicing medicine inSouth Chicago and is married, ofcourse.Elsie Erickson Traver, 1242 LakeShore Drive, Chicago. In twenty yearsshe has accumulated a husband and aLake Shore Drive address. She's thesame good sport as always, but doesn'tsend us as much news as we wish shewould. In fact, we received a checkplus a blank paper.Dorothy Davis Turner, 2751 ReeceAve., Evanston, has two daughters:Catherine Anne (7), who sings in thefirst grade "choir," and Miriam (4),who keeps the family entertained. Bothchildren have auburn hair. Dorothydoesn't remember much about formerambitions, but she's sure that trying tofathom modern progressive education isat least keeping her on the "mentaljump."^ She really can reel off lists ofimpressive sounding names and terms !She's been active in the P. T. A. thispast year.Percy E. Wagner, Braeburne andBrassie^ Flossmore, 111., has forsakenus and is now one of the professors ofthe New Deal. He is the fellow that ispassing out the millions of home loansm the Chicago district. He writes thatif he can be of any assistance to '16ers,don't hesitate to call on him.Anne McGuire Walter, 7300Oglesby Ave., is teaching Home Economies at Nicholas Senn.Laura Walter, 4526 Wabash Ave.,Chicago, has been making mathematicsdelightful for the young ones of Morgan Park High School for the past tenyears. She is doing graduate work atthe University and confesses that shehas lost twenty pounds doing part-timeteaching in the gymnasium. She isalso a Dunes enthusiast.Dorothy Edwards Whitford, 5802Blackstone Ave., is a busy housewifewith three children, one in high schooland the youngest just one year old. Herpresent goal, she says, is to keep onestep aheadof her family, who keep hereducation in progress.Frank Simpson Whiting, 666 LakeShore Drive, Chicago, and Winnetka, has three boys, wife and four horses.He is Vice-President and OperatingEngineer of the World's largest furniture mart. His pet peeve is the modernschool system. He's one fellow who isas young as he was twenty years agoand his hair is just as red. See himif you want to feel young again.Adelle Frankel Wile, 5141 EllisAve., Chicago, says her occupation isSportswear (made to measure, andswell stuff). She has a fine boy, aged15, who is six feet two inches ! She saysher education progresses on account ofher activity in the Child Study Association (join it to see). She won't spillany dope about her classmates, however.Raymond Wilson, 8238 BlackstoneAve., Chicago, is at present Conservation Engineer for the Portland CementAssociation; in other words, he is incharge of research on cement manufacturing methods.FOREIGN PARTS^ E. Blanche Apple, Methodist Mission, Fruekin Province, Hinghiwa, viaFoochow, China. Maybe LawrenceSalisbury can interpret the address; wecan't ! It means, however, that Blancheis still very happy and enthusiasticabout teaching kindergarten in China.She gets back to the U. S. once in sooften but is not very fond of oceantravel.James Dyrenforth, Phi GammaDelta Club, New York, once in a while,otherwise somewhere in London. Jim-mie has not communicated with theUniversity for some years; consequentlywe've had quite a time tracking himdown. The Alumni office even went sofar as to declare they had no record ofsuch a person ever having adorned thesacred precincts. On good authority,to-wit, Harry Swanson, we have it thathe is not deceased, but is a radio broadcaster in England, and runs over toNew York every now and then. If thispaper reaches him, the secretary wouldlike an address from him.Eugenia Williston Earle has beenin Porto Rico for fourteen years. AfterJune 10, her address will be Des Plaines,111. She combines the occupations ofhousewife, girl scout councillor, membership in the A. A. U W. and D. A. R.with that of keeping up with four children: Marjorie (12), an ardent girlscout; Walter (10), an aeroplane enthusiast; Norman (8), and Richard(3).Laurence Salisbury, American Legation, Peiping, China. The addresscovers his vocation, we presume, sincehe sends no particulars. His letter wasvery melancholy, re the clicking off oftwenty years, so we gather he has notacquired a philosophical oriental calmfor all his years in the East. Both heand his mother, who now lives withhim, find Peiping a city of "atmosphere,charm, and political excitement." Heexpects to visit Chicago in Novemberor December.Lorna Lavery Stafford, American Consulate General, Rio de Janeiro,Brazil. Lorna has recently spent fivemonths in the States, but returned toBrazil a bit too early for Reunion. Married, no children, but has found timeto acquire a Ph. D. in Romance, Languages at Johns Hopkins Universityduring the past years. Hopes someSixteeners will wander in to call.1920Merle E. Irwin, AM'29, teachesEnglish at the Lindblom High Schoolin Chicago and her hobby is Even Rus-ten, her summer cottage on Lake Michigan, ten miles out of Holland.1921Katherine Sisson Jensen expects tobe on campus during the winter andspring quarters, 1937, working for herAM. She teaches French and historyat Hyde Park High School, Chicago.1922Matthew Adonijah Bowers, who iswith the United States Treasury Department^ office in Chicago, has beenmade chairman of the music committeeof the Prairie Club of Illinois.1923Tower Topics reports: "Harold L.Michael is registered in the Department of Economics at the Universityof Chicago for the summer quarter.He was head waiter at Hutchinson Commons in the days when thisdining room was "for men only" so hesurely didn't meet the young lady wholater became his wife while he was onduty! Miss Ruth Velander was agraduate student before she became Mrs.Michael. Since then two boys and twogirls have come to stay at their home,which is at West Chicago where daddyis the minister of the CongregationalChurch"Otto Strohmeier, who was an ail-American end in his senior year andwas later end coach at Chicago, has finished his medical work at Rush and willinterne at St. Lukes Hospital in Chicago.1924Leonard F. Nelson, ex, manages advertising and publicity for the Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company ofOklahoma City. Formerly, he held theposition of secretary to the presidentof the Rotary International. He is apast president of the Oklahoma City Advertising Club, past commander of anAmerican Legion Post, and a member ofthe executive committee of the RedCross. He is a baseball fan and forrecreation likes to read history and philosophy.1925Madge Woodward Solomon took advanced work at Cleveland College,downtown night department of WesternReserve University, last winter.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE1926Mabel M. Whitney, AM'28, ofHarvey, Illinois, is teaching Englishand Music in Parker High School, Chicago. Her hobbies are the writing ofsongs, several of which have been published, and the raising of a garden fullof old fashioned flowers.1927J. Frederick Burgh is business manager of the North Park College of Chicago.I. Parker Hall is now associatedwith Clark Dodge and Company, stockbrokers in New York City. He hasjust bought a house in Plandome, LongIsland, and is the proud father of twosons, ages three and six months. Hebelongs to the volunteer fire departmentand is taking up sailing — small boatonly.Mrs. Harry N. Wyatt (Ruth Fox)is giving a course in "Psychology ofMusic" at Northwestern University thissummer.1928Ralph B. Coe is now a physicsteacher and the band director at VonSteuben High School in Chicago.Head of the history department of theArlington Heights (Illinois) TownshipHigh School, Raymond E. Hayes hadan article on "Business Regulations inEarly Pennsylvania," published in Temple Law Quarterly, February, 1936.1929Reid M. Brooks, associate in pomology and associate in the ExperimentStation, branch of the College of Agriculture at the University of California,is teaching and doing research in fruits.Since repeal Robert H. Klein hasbeen secretary of the Liquor DealersSupply Company of Chicago, the largest rectifiers in the middlewest. Anenthusiastic indoor baseball player, hegets a real kick out of playing with hisfactory team, the leaders in their industrial league.Mortimer P. Masure, SM'30, isjunior physiologist with the Bureau ofPlant Industry, U. S. Department ofAgriculture and is doing horticulturalresearch on fruit production of apples,laboratory chemistry and field horticulture. At Wenatchee, Washington, hehas ample opportunity to go mountainclimbing, skiing, and "lake week-ending" — his favorite forms of recreation.This summer Charlotte Roehl isdoing graduate work in political science at the University of Chicago andis living at International House. Sheteaches at the Manley High School inChicago.Sylvia Rutkin, who has been Mrs.Philip Rosenberg since September 29,1934, is living at 817 Chancellor Avenue, Irvington, New Jersey.Grace E. Wertenberger, SM'32,was registered last winter at ClevelandCollege, downtown night department of Western Reserve University for advanced work.1931Nelson Dunford, AM'32, a memberof the faculty of Brown University, received his PhD degree at Brown thisJune. The title of his thesis was "Integration in general analysis."Richard O. Lang, AM'32, began hisnew work with the Central StatisticalBoard in Washington, D. C, the firstof July.Ernest H. Miller is a contact engineer for the resettlement administration, Washington, D. C1932Paul F. Coe is living in Washington, D. C, and is Senior Research Assistant, for the W.P.A. His favoriterecreation is writing and as hobbieshe likes golf, fishing and photography.Lawrence F. Greene is back fromHarvard Medical School and began hisinternship at St. Lukes Hospital, Chicago, the first of July.Ruth Stoke is teaching UnitedStates history and civics at Hyde ParkHigh School, Chicago.1934Merwin Moulton has begun hisduties with the Monsanto ChemicalCompany in Anniston, Alabama.1935Superintendent of Buildings andGrounds at George Williams College,Chicago during the school year, Hol-ger B. Bentsen is fortunate enough tobe able to carry on this work in thesummer at the George Williams CollegeCamp at Williams Bay, Wisconsin,where he can also indulge in his favorite recreations — sailing and golf.Ella Bisell, art teacher in Tulsa,Oklahoma, is at present chairman ofa committee that is working on testsand measurements for art and the artcurriculum. Some years ago she attended the Art Congress at Prague,Czechoslovakia, with the party conducted by Dr. Henry Turner Bailey.From Tower Topics we learn : "Kenneth Mort, who has been in chargeof the Reynolds Club billiard roomwhile he worked for his degree in theSchool of Business left July 12 forChampaign, Illinois, where he will havecharge of that district for the BrownWilliamson Tobacco Co. While working at the Reynolds Club Kenneth madehimself an authority on tobaccos so thathe begins his new work with a thorough training in his field. He hasn'tstated which team he will support whenIllinois plays Chicago next fall but wehave a feeling — since he knows everyman personally on our team — that he'llhave difficulty shifting any part of hisloyalty for a few years, at least."Marian P. Ready's hobbies rangefrom mechanics to psychology, and include swimming, riding, tap dancing FUNERAL DIRECTORH. D. LUDLOWFUNERAL DIRECTORFine Chapel with New Pipe OrganSEDAN AMBULANCETel. Fairfax Z86I6110 Cottage Grove Ave.FURNITURE POLISHl;*lL "Marvelous"1NEVERUB¦HP Cream Df)! I Q IIRJ§lP§: j Brilliant, Lasting, Not OilyWSM& Dlluta with equal waterWF NO RUBBING.Sold liy: Fields, Davis Store. The Fair, andRetail Stores everywhere. GROCERIESLEIGH'SGROCERY *nd MARKET1327 East 57th StreetPhones: Hyde Park 9 1 00- 1 -2QUALITY FOODSTUFFSMODERATE PRICESWE DELIVERHOTELS"Famous for Food"Dancing and EntertainmentNightlyCircular CRYSTAL Barthe BREVOORT hotel120 W. Madison St. ChicagoLAUNDRIESMorgan Laundry Service, Inc.2330 Prairie Ave.Phone Calumet 7424Dormitory ServiceStandard Laundry Co.Linen Supply — Wet WashFinished Work1818 South Wabash Ave.Phone Calumet 4700SUNSHINE LAUNDRYCOMPANYAll ServicesDry Cleaning2915 Cottage Grove Ave.Telephone Victory 511044 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEand literary contests. She teaches adolescent subnormal boys in the SpecialDivision Department of the ChicagoPublic Schools.1936Wayne W. Marshall has beenplaced with the E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company at Flint, Michigan.Edward Rapp has gone with the In-terlake Iron Corporation.MASTERS1896Harriet G. Blaine, AM, has justretired from her position as professorof Latin in Wheaton College, Wheaton,Illinois, after thirty-four years of service.1900In his university days, Henry R.Corbett, PhM, was especially interestedin mathematics and sociology and industrial relations, and after serving as aschool principal and superintendent,turned to the field of his inclinationsand has been in the actuarial fieldfor many years.. He has had extensive actuarial and research workas a consultant, especially on pension plans in both industry and publicservice. Broadly speaking, an actuaryis one who obtains rates of probabilityof any kind from statistics, and appliesthem to the future. In particular, anactuary calculates from statistics, ratesof occurrence and cost, for use in determining the premiums for insuranceOr annuity use in determining the pre-or annuity plans. The office of Henry R.Corbett Associates, located at 166 WestJackson Boulevard, Chicago, has beenhelping public officials and businessmen in the middle west to appreciateand use actuarial service.1907. Frederick W. Luehring, PhM,served during the 1936 Olympiad asChairman of the American OlympicMen's Swimming Committee. He andMrs. Luehring attended the Games inBerlin, Germany, in August.1922Vocational adviser under the ChicagoBoard of Education from 1927 to 1932and on the Chicago Unemployment Relief Service from 1933 to August, 1935,as supervising case worker, assistantsupervisor, Elsie Wolcott Hayden,AM, has been doing research work atthe Chicago Council of Social Agencies on the Family Survey for the lastfour months. When not otherwise occupied, she is busy caring for her threeyear old daughter. Her hobbies arereading and book binding.1926John Charles McMillan, AM, waselected president of the State Normal and Industrial School at Ellendale,North Dakota, beginning the first ofJuly,1929John L. Ballif, Jr., AM, is associate professor of Modern Languagesand Phonetics at the University of Utah.Ruth Schornherst, SM, is a member of the faculty of the botany department at the Florida State College forWomen.1930Gerhard R. Nagel, SM, candidatefor the PhD degree, has accepted a position with the Laboratory of VitaminTechnology of Chicago.1932Ernestine M. J. Long, SM, teacheschemistry at the Normandy High Schoolin St. Louis, Mo., and last year published her book entitled, "Living Chemistry." The emphasis of the book is ondeveloping unit understandings, scientific methods of thinking and charactereducation. The Journal of ChemicalEducation declares it is the most modern book on the market and of interestto teachers wishing to study secondaryschool methods. Former president ofthe St. Louis Field Hockey Associationand a former vice-president of the FirstAmerican Youth Congress, Miss Longis very active in the work of the Oxford Group Co-Operatives, and MeritSystem League Women Voters.1933Pauline Dorothea Wyman holdsthe title of Assistant Professor in theDepartment of Biology of WesternMaryland College, Westminster, Md.1935Hobart R. Kelly, SM, is now superintendent of Schools at Ketchikan,Alaska.DOCTORS OFPHILOSOPHY1895Albert Davis Mead, veteran professor of biology and vice-president ofBrown University, retired last Juneafter forty-one years of service withBrown on the advice of his physicians.Dr. Mead was first associated withBrown as a graduate student taking hisAM degree in 1891, and then went toClark University to study under Professor C. O. Whitman. With ProfessorWhitman and most of the other members of the biological staff of Clark, Dr.Mead came to the University ofChicago when it opened in the fallof 1892. Continuing his work on theproblem of cell lineage, he received hisPhD in 1895.In the fall of 1895 he went to Brownas instructor in neurology in the Department of Comparative Anatomy andin 1896 was promoted to associate pro fessor of embryology and neurology. In1901 he became head of the departmentof comparative anatomy, the youngestfull professor on the faculty.During the years 1899 to 1910 hewas in charge of the floating laboratory which he built in Wickford Harbor under the auspices of the Commission of Inland Fisheries and here hecarried on the study of the economic-biological resources of NarragansettBay. Here he developed a new principle and method in lobster and fish culture which attracted the attention ofmarine biologist and fisheries commissions in all parts of the world.For more than 25 years Dr. Meaddirected the work of the Departmentof Biology at Brown and saw it develop from a small department with inadequate facilities for instruction andresearch. In 1926 he assumed the vice-presidency of the university and servedas acting president during the academicyear 1931-32. He played a major partin some of the most important developments at the university during the pastfifteen years.Outside of the university, he has beenassociated with the Rhode Island Hospital as a trustee since 1901 and president of the board since 1934, is a member of the executive committee of theRhode Island School of Design, and atrustee of Middlebury College andWellesley College. Possessor of severalhonorary degrees, he is a member ofthe American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Society of Naturalists, and the AmericanSociety of Zoologists.1899After twenty-five years as Dean of theGraduate School of Ohio State University William McPherson announcedhis retirement last May. At that timehe stated : "I will be here where I havebeen since the year 1892. I am notplanning to have any regular classes butI will have my own laboratory where Ican do all of the research and study Icare to do. I'm also going to devotemuch of my time to writing, memoirs,research reports and so forth, and ingeneral to completing some of the thingsthat office duty has forced me to postpone so long."For five years following his graduation from Ohio State Dr. McPherson"taught high school at Toledo. In 1892he was named an assistant in the Department of Chemistry at the University. The following year, 1893, he wasnamed assistant professor; in 1897 hewas raised in rank to an associate professor and in 1897 was given the fullprofessorship. When the GraduateSchool was founded in 1911 he was appointed its dean. He is the author of aseries of widely used text books inchemistry, written in collaboration withWilliam E. Henderson. He has alsocontributed numerous articles to variousscientific journals. He served as a captain, major, then as lieutenant colonelTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 45during the World War. He representedthe chemical warfare service at Paris,London, and Tours."1911W. S. Cooper of the Department ofBotany University of Minnesota, is nowpresident of the Ecological Society ofAmerica.1914George F. Kay, Dean of the Collegeof Arts and Science at the Universityof Iowa received an honorary doctoratefrom the University of Toronto in June.Stephen S. Visher, '09, SM'10, Professor of Geography at Indiana University, spent the summer on researchwork for the Federal Soil ConservationService.1915Charles Hartshorn Maxson, Professor of Political Science in the University of Pennsylvania, has reached theretiring age after being a member ofthe staff twenty-three years. His students took an unusual method of expressing an unusually cordial relationin which they have uniformly stood withhim. The Political Science Department gave him a testimonial dinner, andthe faculty of the Warton School ofFinance and Commerce adopted a resolution expressing "its keen appreciationof his services as a teacher and hiskindly and tolerant philosophy as a helpful colleague and friend."The Trustees of the Universityadopted a Minute which recounted hisvarious promotions and acclaimed "hisscholarly research in the theory anddevelopment of Citizenship and in Legislative Methods which has broughtcredit to the institution." Last summerMaxson taught in Alfred Universitywhere his father had been valedictorianalmost a century ago, and he is teaching there again this summer. After awinter or two in Florida, he will returnfrom the "fountain of 'youth" to his favorite research work.1916Donald M. Key is driving with hisfamily to Mexico City during the monthof July. Dr. Key has just completedhis fourteenth year as president of Mill-saps College of Jackson, Mississippi.1923From the National Institute of Healthin Washington, D. C, Sara E. Bran-ham, SM'20, MD, U of C, '34, writesthat her wor.k as Senior Bacteriologistin U. S. Public Health Service is research in infectious diseases. Specifically, she has been working on epidemicmeningitis for the last few years, having taken two years out (1932-34) tofinish her MD at the South Side Medical School. Miss Branham was invited to take part in two of the sessions of the Second International Congress for Microbiology held in London during July. 1924From Bombay, India comes the following letter from Clifford Manshardt,'18, AM'22:"The last year has been one of thebusiest that I have yet experienced inIndia, and that is saying a good deal.I have heard a lot about the quiet ofthe East, but in ten years of actual experience in the East I have not beenable to discover it. The work in theNeighborhood House is progressingvery well indeed. I think that afterten years we can say without exaggeration that we are filling a place not onlyin India, but also in the national life.We are continually being consulted bysocial workers in other parts of India,while visitors come from far and near."The new addition to the Neighborhood House to house a school for thetraining of public health nurses hasbeen completed, and the school hasbeen operating since the first of Junelast. The school, known as TheHealth Visitors Institute, is a co-operative venture with the Bombay Presidency Infant Welfare Society. Wetake graduate nurses and give them anadditional year of training to qualifyas public health visitors. We have improved the infant welfare centre, untilit is a model center, and our pre-nataland post-natal clinics are used as teaching clinics for the students. . . ."Our next venture is to be a GraduateSchool for the Training of SocialWorkers — the first of its kind in India.We have secured the financial supportand cooperation of the Sir Dorabji TataTrust, and the Sir Dorabji Tata Graduate School of Social Work will openin June. I am to be the first Director,and am having a grand time organizingthe School. It is no. small job to breakpioneer ground in this way, but it certainly cannot be said to be lacking ininterest. We are limiting the numberof students to twenty for the first year.All must be graduates. From the number of applications thus far, I think weshall have to turn away five studentsfor every one we accept. My friend,Dr. Arthur E. Holt, of the ChicagoTheological Seminary, has kindly agreedto spend the next year with us, andwe are looking toward his coming withgreat anticipation."During the year I have also foundtime to write a book on the communalsituation, which is to be publishedshortly by George Allen and Unwin,Ltd., of London, under the title TheHindu Muslim Problem in India.'"As a family we are well. Mrs.Manshardt and the two boys are inSouth India, where Tommy is in schoolin the lovely hill station of Kodai-kanal. ..."1926On leave of absence during the second semester of 1935-36 from his position as professor of philosophy at Deni-son University, Granville, Ohio, Harold H. Titus spent his time largely inwriting a textbook, "Ethics for Today." THEBEST LAUNDRY andCLEANING COMPANYALL SERVICESWe Also DoDry Cleaning — Shoe Repairing4240Indiana Ave. PhoneOAKIand 1383LITHOGRAPHERL. C. Mead '21. E. J. Chalifoux *22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph — Offset — Printing731 Plymouth CourtWabash 8182MUSICRayner Dalheim &CoENGRAVERS & PRINTERSof FRATERNITY, SORORITYand UNIVERSITYof CHICAGO SONG BOOKSNO 0RDERT00 LARGE 0RT00 SMALL - WRITE FOR PRICES2054 W.LAKE ST. PHONE SEELEY 4710OPTICAL SUPPLIESSince 1886BORSCH & COMPANYEyes Examined Glasses FittedOculists Prescriptions FilledWe Can Duplicate Any Lens fromthe Broken Pieces62 E. Adams St. TelephoneState 7267PAINTSGEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3 1 86PHOTOGRAPHERMOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF QUALITY30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago . . State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C. ALUMNIPIANO INSTRUCTIONOLGA H. SCHAWETEACHER OF PIANOStudio— Del Prado Hotel5307 Hyde Park Blvd.For AppointmentPhone Hyde Park 960046 THE UNIVERSITY O Jb CHICAGO MAGAZINEThis book, to be published sometime inAugust by the American Book Company, endeavors to help students dealwith the problems they are actually facing in contemporary society.1927Paul L. Whitely, AM'23, is professor of psychology at Franklin andMarshall College, Lancaster, Pennsylvania. For recreation, he turns to ps}^-chology, reading, and golf.1928Recently elected professor of ChurchHistory at Bangor Theological Seminary, Mervin M. Deems will begin hisnew duties there the first of September. He recently gave the annual PhiBeta Kappa address at the meeting ofthe Gamma Chapter of Maine at BatesCollege.The American Academy of PhysicalEducation^ elected Arthur H., '20, SM'25, its secretary-treasurer last April.1929Garfield V. Cox, professor of financeat the University of Chicago, has beenchairman of the Board of the South' East National Bank of Chicago for thelast year.For the past seven years WilliamH. Gray, AM'26, has been at the Kansas State Teachers College of Emporia: as Associate Professor of Psychology.1931Isaac Schour, '21, of Chicago, will[attend the Ninth Dental Congress to be! held in Vienna from August second toeighth this year.1932Susan Grey Akers is the director ofthe School of Library Science at theUniversity of North Carolina.For the past four years, Sylvia M.Griswold, '19, has been head of theBiology Department at the Saint MaryCollege in Leavenworth, Kansas, but isnot returning to the institution this fall.This summer, she is again working withthe U. S. Forest Service at Ogden,Utah, as she has for several summers.This year she is engaged in researchon seed germination studies of Utah"Range Plants with the IntermountainForest and Range Experiment Station.1933Paul V. Brower is now conductingresearch in the laboratories of the ShellPetroleum Company at the Wood Riverplant in Illinois.Barbara Donner, '22, AM'23, whois professor of history and head of thedepartment at the State Teachers College of Oshkosh, Wisconsin, plans tospend a year in Europe and will devote part of her time to study, probablyat the London School of Economics.1934Paul G. Roofe is an instructor inthe Department of Anatomy at Univer-.sity of Louisville and collects books ashis hobby. 1935Edward L. Haenisch, '30, who hasbeen an instructor in chemistry at Montana State College for the past twoyears will be a member of the facultyat Villanova College, near Philadelphia,next year.Leo Horvitz was married in Chicagoto Miss DeLutz of Providence, RhodeIsland. Dr. Horvitz and his bride haveleft for Houston, Texas, where Dr.Horvitz has an appointment with theIndependent Exploration Company.LAW1910Justice of the Supreme Court of theState of Oregon, George Rossman, JD,is the judge of the Municipal Court ofthe City of Portland and also of theCircuit Court of Oregon.Robert L. Judd, LLB, lawyer, has ageneral practice in the field of corporation law, with his office at 409 KearnsBuilding, Salt Lake City. He is vice-chairman of the Metropolitan WaterCommission.1914At the close of the business sessionsof the Ohio State Bar Association onJuly 11, George R. Murray, LLB, waselected president of the Association. Heis a member of the firm of Legler andMurray of Dayton, Ohio. In 1931 hewas a member of the council of thecity of Oakwood and the same yearserved as president of the Dayton BarAssociation. He is a member of theboard of trustees of the Dayton LawLibrary Association and served onmany state bar committees, at present,being chairman of the subcommittee onselection and tenure of judges.1917John William Chapman, '15, JD,Chicago lawyer, is actively interestedin politics and Y.M.C.A. work, servingas alderman of the 40th Ward of Chicago from 1927-29, and acting as amember of the Board of Directors ofthe Irving Post of the Y.M.C.A. Andhe includes the University of Chicagofootball teams as one of his hobbies.From the June number of AmericanSchool Board Journal we quote this excerpt from the feature on "School-Board Members Who Are Making Educational History in American Cities :Truman Plantz, Jr., JD, president ofthe Board of Education, Rock Island,Illinois, "became a member of the RockIsland board of education in 1931 during the difficult depression period. Dueto the accumulation of a large operatingdeficit and greatly reduced revenues,drastic curtailments were necessary. Asa member of the board and its president since 1934, Mr. Plantz has had animportant part in formulating the policies which made possible the completeliquidation of the predepression deficitand the regular payment of all salaries."Largely through his clear vision anduntiring efforts a million-dollar senior- high-school project is now under construction. After securing a PWAgrant, public approval was voted inSeptember, 1935, not only for the high-school project, but also for an increasededucational tax with which to restoresalary cuts and other instructional facilities. In March, 1936, a single-salaryschedule developed by a teachers' committee was adopted by the board."Mr. Plantz ... is employed by theModern Woodmen of America as special counsel. He has a family of fivechildren, four of whom are attendingthe public schools."His vigorous leadership in the interest of better educational opportunities for all the children of the community is coupled with a devotion tothe finest traditions in public education,the promotion and preservation of truedemocrac}^."1918Louis J. Victor, '16, JD, Chicagoattorney-at-law, has his offices at 111West Washington Street.1919Paul O'Donnell, '08, JD, has beena member of the Board of Governors ofthe Illinois State Bar Association forthe past few years. For recreation hevotes for squash rackets and bar association work and for his hobbieschooses horses and dogs. His law offices are at 1 North LaSalle Street, Chicago.1920Bernard C. Gavit, JD, Dean of theIndiana University Law School and visiting professor at the University ofChicago this summer, received an LLDfrom Wabash College in June.1921William D. Campbell, LLB, of LosAngeles, is special assistant to the Attorney General of the U. S. and specialattorney in the office of the GeneralCounsel to Commissioner of InternalRevenue. He was the republican nominee for Congress from the FourteenthDistrict of California in 1932 and againin 1934 and is this year a candidate forCongress.1929On the 24th of July George Leonard,JD, and his wife sailed on the S.S.Europa and were anticipating motoring on the continent this summer. Mr.Leonard is a member of the Chicagolaw firm of Leonard and Leonard withGordon McLeish Leonard, JD'32.1930Joseph D. Teitelbau, 28. TD'30, andMilton K. Joseph, '29, JD'30, haverecently moved their offices to Room1200, 134 North LaSalle Street, Chicago, Illinois. They have been practicing law together under the partnership name of Joseph and Teitelbaumsince September, 1934.1931Thore F. Green, JSD, teaches in theLaw School of the Universitv of Georgia with Judge J. D. Bradwell.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 471934James R. Sharp, JD, has opened hisown law office at Greenville, 111.1931Elliot A. Johnson, '28, JD, has accepted a position with the SchulmbergerWell Surveying Corporation in Houston, Texas.1935Another flash from Tower Topics:"Paul Kitch, JD, slipped away fromWichita, Kansas, for a visit on thequadrangles before he goes Republicanalong with the rest of the State. Paulis a member of the law firm of Brook,Fleeson and Aley in Wichita, which hasfurnished the natives with material forAmerica's favorite indoor sport: Intheir more facetious moments they refer to Paul's firm as 'Kitch 'em andFleece 'em.' Mrs. Kitch (JosephinePridmore ex '35) accompanies Paul onhis vacation, which they are dividingbetween the University and her familyin Glencoe."RUSH1880For the last seven years, John A.Badgley, MD, has been the medicaldirector of the DeKalb County Tuberculosis Sanatorium located on Route 23,one and a half miles from DeKalb. Hespends nearly all of his spare timeworking in his flower garden and reports that it is very beautiful this year.The last one of his classmates that hehas been in touch with during the pastyear is John Ritter, MD, Secretaryof the Class of 1880. of Miami, Florida.1892Active in the practice of medicine forforty-four years and extremely busy forthe past ten, William Davis Harrell,MD, of Norris City, Illinois, was forcedto give up his work for a few monthsafter having two serious operations inMarch. He writes: "I am now doingquite a bit of office work but not muchdriving yet. I want to be busy as longas I live and will if I keep my health."1924Harold E. Smith, '21, MD'24, ispracticing medicine and surgery inMay wood, Illinois. He is vice-president of the Aux Plaines Medical Society and president of the MaywoodLions Club. His hobbies are amateurmovies and fishing:.1926George B. Callahan, SM'23, MD,has a general practice of medicine andsurgery in Waukegan, Illinois. He ischairman of First Aid, North ChicagoChapter of the American Red Crossand president of the Waukegan University Club for 1936-37.Recently certified as a neurologist bythe American Board of Neurology andPsychiatry, Mabel G. Masten, '21,MD, is president of the Milwaukee Neu-ropsychiatric Society for 1935-36. Her official position is assistant professorof neuropsychiatry at the University ofWisconsin Medical School.1927James O. Helm, MD, physician andsurgeon in New Florence, Missouri, isthe local surgeon for the Wabash Railway, coroner in Montgomery County,and is president of Montgomery CountyOld Settlers Association.1930Evelyn Gruhlke McLane, MD,30,physician and surgeon, is practicing inJackson, Minnesota (home town), withher husband, William O. McLane,MD'28, and they are in charge of theirown hospital. The details of their workare the usual problems of the countrydoctor. Dr. Evelyn McLane enjoysfishing and searching the hidden lakesof northern Minnesota — land of the pineand deep water — a paradise for thoughtand reaching out to the primitive.At the Minnesota State Medicalmeeting this spring she met HildahlBerkness of Berkeley, California, whowas visiting there, and also saw HelenL. Crawford, MD'30, who has complete charge of radiology and pathologyat the Winona General Hospital, a verymodern and completely equipped hospital of one hundred beds.1933At present Harry B. Miller, MD,of Hartford, Connecticut, is taking postgraduate work in dermatology and syph-ilology at the Massachusetts GeneralHospital in Boston, Massachusetts.RUSH NECROLOGYREPORTThis year there were ninety-ninedeaths of Rush Alumni reported in theAmerican Medical Association Journalbetween June 1, 1935, and June 1, 1936.Some of these had died some time before June 1, 1935, and others are notyet reported who died this year. Theaverage age is 6Sy2 years, which isabout the average for several yearspast. The oldest was 98, a member ofthe Class of 1870. The youngest was31, a member of the class of 1930.The Class of 1897 lost the largestnumber, nine. Class of 1900 lost sixand 1883 lost five. Seven other classeshave lost four each. Class of 1914 isthe only class graduating in the lastthirty years to lose two members.1870: J. William Burns.1877: Albert Bird Royal, James St.Clair Cussins.1878: Isaac Hale Rathburn.1879: Stillman Marion Penner.1880 : Joseph Godfrey, WilliamHenry Ellis.1881 : Clifford Henry King, William James Pearce.1882: George Potter Edwards, JohnGeorge Tapper, Malcolm LaSalle Harris.1883 : Albert H. Coble, CharlesDavid Carter, Charles Warren Dennis, Mark BartonSmith, John Benjamin Dunn. ROOFINGGrove Roofing Co.(Gilliland)Old Roofs Repaired — New Roofs Put On25 Years at 6644 Cottage Grove Ave.Lowest Prices — Estimates FreeFairfax 3206RUGSAshjian Bros., inc.Oriental and DomesticRUGSCLEANED and REPAIRED2107 E. 71st St. Pkone Dor. 0009SPORTING GOODSJ. B. Van Boskirk & SonsSporting Goods"Van" of Bartlett Gym1411 East 60th StreetMidway 7521Complete Tennis EquipmentSquash & BadmintonTEACHER'S AGENCIESAMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU28 E. Jackson BoulevardChicagoA Bureau of Placement which limits itswork to the university and college field.It is affiliated with the Fisk TeachersAgency of Chicago, whose work covers allthe educational fields. Both organizationsassist in the appointment of administratorsas well as of teachers.THEHUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY25 E. JACKSON BLVD.Telephone Harrison 7793Chicago, III.Member National Associationof Teachers AgenciesWe Enjoy a Very Fine High School, NormalSchool, College and University PatronagePaul YatesYates-Fisher Teachers' Agenc jfEstablished 1906616 South Michigan Ave., ChicagoVENTILATINGThe Haines CompanyVentilating and Air ConditioningContractors1929-1937 West Lake St.Phones Seeley 2765-2766-276748 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE1884: Charles Albert Gill, ThomasW. Thompson, George GilbertBarnett, Thomas NelsonSchnetz.1885: Robert Andrew Kitto.1886: Robert Emmett Minaghan,Alphonso Taft Arbuckle,Charles Edward Greenfield,George Louis Marion.1887: Ernest L. Dow, AugustusWellington Chandler.1888: Ernest Linwood Marston,John Said Perekhan, JosephHuberti, Henry Andrew Penz.1889 : Henry Aaron Norden.1890: James Cornelius Gill, EdwardMcLaughlin, WilliamSheriff Orth, Philip Reginald Fox.1891: Jacob DeWitt Graham.1892: Edwin Raymond LeCount,Henry Herbert Healy.1893 : Magnus Andrew Unseth,William Henry Leslie,Charles Wickham Parker.1894: Milton V. Dewire, ' Silas BishFrankhauser, William Joseph Butler, James CoadRiordan.1895 : Elmer Sherman Allen,Adolph Arent, WilliamDaniel Arnold.1896: Frank W. Bullen, Loyal Dexter Rogers, Ira Leckrone.1897: Willis Grant Hatch, RobertArthur Mathew, RichardElmer Shurtz, Frank PeterCox, Thomas Elmer Roberts,Clifford Sutherland Losey,: Alden Alguire, AghasieOshana, Thomas Conner Gorman.1899 : Garret A. Van Diest, JacobWendell Clark.1900: Walter Hodge Sheldon, FrankJames Shook, Ernest NewtonScott, Fred Henry Langhorst,Nathan Porter Colwell, Pascal Whitney McConnell.1901 : James Burris Mahony, HomerRiale Lathrop, Charles MillsGleason.1902: Cyrus Alvin Gardner.1903 : Thomas Henry Kelley, GustavFerdinand Ruediger, EugeneYetman Young, Oley Alphonso Britell.1904: Roy Seymour Watson, William Alexander Shearer.1905 : Frederick F. Kitzing, HerbertArthur Breyfogle, MauriceBuchsbaum, Ereastus TalbotHanley.1906: Frederick Epplen, HarryRalph Wormley.1907: George Gansey O'Connell.1910: Donald Putnam Abbott.1912: Roy Fallas Mills.191.3: Sidney Harris Easton.1914: Earle Raymond Van Cott,Earl Albert Linger.1917: Vergil Alvin Ross.1919: Wyman George Hough.1922: Orville Lee Baldwin.1925 : Silber Charles Peacock.1926,: Herbert Arthur Wildman.1930: Milton Franklin Stuessy.1932: John Charles Bennett. ENGAGED/anis Van Cleef, 33, to Allan J.Greenberg of Boston, Mass. They willbe married on August 9 and will be athome after September 1 in Boston. Mr.Greenberg is practicing law and is atpresent chairman of the DemocraticCity Committee of Maiden, Mass.MARRIEDWilliam D. Campbell, LL.B'21, toJane Burkholder, May 9, 1936. After amonth's honeymoon trip through oldMexico, they are making their home inLos Angeles, California, where Mr.Campbell is practicing law.Edgar B. Eastman, ex'21, to BerniceEnglish, June 9, 1936, Oklahoma City.The couple motored to Dallas, Texas,to visit the centennial before driving toChicago, where they plan to spend thesummer.Elizabeth Kneipple van Deusen,'23, to John Gaither Roberts, '36,June 20, 1936, Kokomo, Indiana; address, 5519 Kenwood Avenue, Chicago.Keith Billings Capron, 24, toEleanor Fowler, July 11, 1936, Evanston, 111. After a wedding trip to Bermuda they will make their home at1112 Grove Street, Evanston, 111.Marion A. Plimpton, '28, to G. H.van de Griendt, May 30, 1936 ; at home,1149 A High Court, Berkeley, California.Helen Marie Gillet, '29, to RobertG. Parsons, June 27, 1936, Bond Chapel.Richard Otto Lang, '31, AM'32, toLeona Bair, June 27, 1936, Chicago;at home, 3412 Wilson Boulevard, Clarendon, Virginia.Robert Edward Walsh, '32, to Catherine Marie Palandech, July 11, Chicago.Katherine E. Sherman, '33, to CarlE. Moses, ex'31, April 25, 1936; address, 621 Lansing Street, Mt. Pleasant,Michigan.Ralph Waldo Webster, '33, toHarriet Helen Henneberry, Chicago.The couple are in Bermuda on theirhoneymoon.Frances Rose Bonnem, '35, to LouisA. Wagner, '35, June 18, 1936; athome, 1947 Leland Avenue, Chicago.Later in the summer they plan to takean extended motor trip out West.Wilbur Wallace White,, PhD'35,to Edwarda Jane Cur ran, June 14,1936, at Oskaloosa, Iowa. After anextended trip through Austria, theBalkan States, Turkey and Syria,they will be at home the last of September in Cleveland, Ohio, where Dr.White is a member of the politicalscience faculty of Western ReserveUniversity.Gladys Curtin, ex'36, to JohnAhern, June 24, 1936, Chicago. Theywill be at St. Ignace,/ Michigan, untilSeptember.Sophia Fogelson, '37, to RobertLangdon Keats, ex'36. June 18, 1936,Chicago ; at home, 444 St. James Place,Chicago. BORNTo Harold F. Gosnell, PhD'22, andMrs. Gosnell (Florence Fake '19), ason, John Scammon, May 24, 1936,Chicago.To George B. Callahan, SM'23,MD'25, and Mrs. Callahan, a daughter'Ann, April 9, 1936, Waukegan, Illinois!To Felix Caruso, '25, and Mrs.Caruso (Dorothy Willis, '25) a son,George, June 15, 1936, Chicago.To J. Parker Hall, '27, and Mrs.Hall, their second son, Ferris, January19, 1936, New York City.. To Donnal V. Smith, AM'27, PhD'29, and Mrs. Smith, a son, CharlesJermy, May 1, 1936, Albany, NewYork.To Ralph B. Coe, '28, and Mrs. Coe,a son, Paul B., March 22, 1936, Chicago.To William O. McLane, MD'28,and Mrs. McLane (Evelyn Gruhlke,MD'30), their third daughter, JaneHope, March 20, 1936, Jackson Minnesota.To Floyd M. Bond, MD'32, and Mrs.Bond, a daughter, Norma Deidre, May30, 1936, San Diego, California.DIEDFrederic J. Gurney, DB'83, Assistant Recorder at the University ofChicago from 1893 to 1928, died June30, 1936, in Teheran, Persia. Since thefall of 1934 Mr. Gurney had been inPersia where his son, Taylor, is aninstructor in the Alborz College.Alfred C Kelly, DB'83, 85 yearsold, a retired Baptist minister, died July5, 1936, Chicago. For years before heretired he was superintendent of theBaptist Cities' mission.Marion Vernon Cosgrove, '98 (Mrs.Thomas Emory Wilson), April ll,1936, Ceres, California.William C. Gordon, PhD'99, diedof heart failure June 5, 1936, at Peeks-kill, N. Y., while he and Mrs. Gordonwere on their way to their summerhome in Vermont. From 1922-1936 hewas Professor of Homiletics in theSchool of Religion at Howard University, Washington, D. C.Abraham Bowers, FdB PhB'06, July14, 1936, Chicago. One of the first registered students at the University, heserved as principal of the Kirkpatrickand Colfax Schools and was associatedwith the Y. M. C. A. for 21 years untilhis retirement in 1930.Willard Brooks, '08, JD'10, one ofthe best known attorneys of Wichita,Kansas, died January 24, 1936, of injuries received in an automobile accident. Deeply interested in the work ofthe American Bar Institute, Brooks wasa member of the Wichita, Kansas, andAmerican Bar Associations.Lester Maple Wheeler, ex'12, Lieutenant Colonel in the U. S. Army, diedMay '8, 1936.UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOFOOTBALL SCHEDULE AND PRICESSept. 26 — LawrenceOct. 3— VanderbiltOct. 1 0— ButlerOct. 1 7 — PurdueOct. 31— Wisconsin ($2.25)Nov. 7— Ohio State ($2.25)Nov. \A — IndianaNov. 2 1 — IllinoisSEASON TICKET $7.70(All prices include Federal Tax) Side Line SeatsReserved$1.101.751. 102.25AwayAway2.252.25$10.70SEASON TICKET APPLICATION6 GAMES AT STAGG FIELDPrint Name Street and Numbsr.City State.( ) Check here if a former University of Chicago Student. ( ) Check here if "C" man.Application for season tickets @ $7.70 (inc. tax) For mailing and registration fee 25Total Pin one check payable to The University of Chicagoio this application. Sign and mail to The FootballTickets Office, 5640 University Avenue, Chicago. Season ticket does not include games played at Madison and Columbus.1936, Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co.