ITHE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINETHE ALUMNI COUNCILOFTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO1933-1934Chairman, PAUL S. RUSSELL 16Secretary and Editor, CHARLTON T. BECK, '04The Council for 1933-34 is composed of the following delegates:From the College Association: Term expires 1934: Harold H. Swift, '07; Helen Norris, '07;Chester S. Bell, '13, JD'15; Donald P. Bean, '17; Lyndon H. Lesch, '17; Term expires 1933:Paul S. Russell, '16; Elizabeth Faulkner, '85; Willoughby G. Walling, '99; Henry D. Sulcer,'06; Milton E. Robinson, '12, JD'14; Harry R. Swanson, '17; Term expires 1936: Harry D.Abells, '97; Frank McNair, '03; Herbert I. Markham, '05; Mrs. Barbara Miller Simpson, '18;Mrs. Frances Henderson Higgins, '20; Mrs. Lucy Lamon Merriam, '26.From the Association of Doctors of Philosophy: Term expires 1934: Louis L. Thurstone,PhD'17; Charles H. Behre, '18, PhD'25; Edwin E. Aubrey, AM'21, DB'22, PhD'26; HerbertBlumer, PhD'28; Charles A. Shull, '05, PhD'15.From the Divinity Association: Term expires 1934: Franklin D. Elmer, Jr., DB'30; J. H.Gagnier, '08, DB'15; Andrew R. E. Wyant, DB'97.From the Law School Association: Term expires 1934: Charles F. McElroy, AM'06, JD'15;Charles P. Schwartz, '08, JD'09; Herbert C. DeYoung, '25, JD'28.From the Education Association: Term expires 1934: Paul McCracken Cook, AM'27; HaroldA. Anderson, '24, AM'26; Robert C. Woellner, AM'24.From the School of Business Association: Term expires 1934: Neil F. Sammons, '29; ElizabethForeen, '26; Earle W. English, '26.From Rush Medical College Association: Term expires 1934' Dr. William A. Thomas, '12,MD'16; Dr. Clark W. Finnerud, MD'18; Dr. Edward Stieglitz, '18, SM'19, MD'21.From the School of Social Service Administration Association: Term Expires 1934: Eleanor D. Goltz, '29, AM'30; Wilma Walker, Anna May Sexton, AM'30.From the Chicago Alumni Club: Term expiies 1934: William C. Gorgas, '19; Harvey Harris,'14; Charles G. Higgins, '20.From the Chicago Alumnae Club: Term expires 1934: Gladys Finn, '24; Mrs. Portia CarnesLane, 08; Ethel Preston, '08, AM'10, PhD'20.From the University: John F. Moulds, '07.Alumni Associations Represented in the Alumni CouncilThe College Alumni Association: President, Paul S. Russell, '16; Secretary, Charlton T. Beck,'04, University of Chicago.Association of Doctors of Philosophy: President, Louis L. Thurstone, PhD'17; Secretary,Edwin E. Aubrey, AM'21, DB'22, PhD'26; University of Chicago.Divinity School Association: President, O. H. McDonald, AM'26; Secretary, Charles T. Hol-man, DB'15, University of Chicago.Law School Association: President, Charles McElroy, AM'06, JD'15; Secretary, Herbert C. De-Young, '25, JD'28, 4805 Kimbark Ave., Chicago.School of Education Association: President, Aaron J. Brumbaugh, AM' 18, PhD'29; Secretary, Lenore John, AM'27, 6009 Kimbark Ave., Chicago.School of Business Association: President, Neil F. Sammons, '29; Secretary, Althild Nelson, '29,8626 S. Ada St., Chicago.Rush Medical College Association: President, George F. Dick, MD'05; Secretary, Carl O. Rin-der, '11, MD'13, 122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago.School of Social Service Administration Association: President, Jane Mullenbach, '29,AM'31; Secretary, Mrs. Irving Pettis, AM'26, 1802 Maple Ave., Evanston, 111.All communications should be sent to the Secretary of the proper Association or to the Alumni Council, Faculty Exchange, University of Chicago. The dues for membership in any one of the Associations named above, including subscription to The University of Chicago Magazine, are $2.00 pei year. A holder of two or more degreesfrom the University of Chicago may be a member of more than one Association; in such instances the dues aredivided and shared equally by the Associations involved.THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEPUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI COUNCILCharlton T. Beck, '04 Ruth C. E. Earnshaw, '31Editor and Business Manager Associate EditorFred B. Millett, PhD '31, William V. Morgenstern, '20, JD '22, John P. Howe, '27,Contributing EditorsMilton E. Robinson, Jr., '11, JD '13, Ethel Preston, '08, AM *io, PhD '20, Donald Bean, '17,Editorial BoardOUR cover this month departsI from our familiar Gothic togive a glimpse of the Greeksplendors in Jackson Park.•In his article "Science and IndustryMeet in a Greek Temple" AndrewMacMahon, PhD'27, gives us thelatest chapter in the history of therelationship of the City Grey withthe long vanished City White of '93.Dr. MacMahon is curator of thePhysical Science Division of theRosenwald Museum of Science andIndustry, where his knowledge ofphysics and his ingenuity as a teacherhave developed a number of uniquedisplays, intelligible even to Old Plangraduates.•It is with the most sincere sorrowthat the Magazine reports the lossof Paul Shorey, teacher and interpreter of the classics for many yearsat the University. In this issue it isour privilege to give you a briefsketch of his life, contributed by oneof his oldest friends, Frederic J.Gurney, well known to the alumnias University Recorder, now retired.John F. Moulds, '07, Secretary ofthe Board of Trustees, presents thereal facts regarding scholarships andloan funds at the University.Harold D. Lasswell, '22, PhD'26,associate professor of political scienceat the University of Chicago, puts inan authoritative word about the IN THIS ISSUEbrain trusters. Mr. Lasswell is a frequent contributor to the currentmagazines and is considered one ofthe most stimulating lecturers in theCollege.You are asked to read Pages 242and 243 with especial care, so thatyou will have the reunion situationwell in hand when June comes along.If you have any additions to maketo the program outlined in this issue,please write to the Alumni Secretaryat once. All classes are urged toTABLE OF CONTENTSMAY# 1934PAGEScience and Industry Meet in a GreekTemple, Andrew MacMahon 235Paul Shorey, An Appreciation, Frederic/. Gurney 238Scholarships, lohn F. Moulds 239The Red Label on the Brain Trust,Harold D. Lasswell 240Chicago Alumni in Current Magazines 241Reunion Program 242CWA on the Midway, Robert Woellner. 244College Living, Katharine Blunt 245A Tirolean Adventure, Lucile HoerrCharles 247Thirty Years of Blackfriars, SidneyHyman 249What's the Use of a Law SchoolAlumni Association? Charles F. McElroy 250In My Opinion 251News of the Quadrangles 252Athletics 255What the Voter Should Know 256News of the Classes 257Official College Association Ballot. 264 make arrangements for reunionmeetings through the Alumni Office.•Robert Woellner, AM'24, who isin charge of vocational guidance andplacement at the University, tells ushow CWA projects are being workedout at the University, and just howthe government is affecting studentaffairs.As one of our series of "alumnipresident" articles, we publish amost interesting contribution fromKatharine Blunt, PhD '07, presidentof Connecticut College. Dr. Bluntwas a professor of chemistry at theUniversity of Chicago, and head ofthe department of home economicsbefore being called to the presidencyat Connecticut.Lucile Hoerr Charles, '30, who hascontributed to the Magazine before,now brings us a fascinating accountof her adventures in the AustrianTirol. Miss Charles is director of dramatics at Lenox Hill Settlement inNew York City, and the author of"The Director's Primer" and numerous articles on the dramatic arts.•And in conclusion let us remindyou again of the necessity of electing some officers to handle thebusiness of the College Alumni Association for the next two years. Acomplete account of the candidatesappears on Page 256, and a ballot tobe mailed to the Alumni Office isthe last thing in the Magazine.The Magazine is published at 1009 Sloan St., Crawfordsville, Ind., monthly from November to July, inclusive, for The Alumni Council of the Universityof Chicago, 58th St. and Ellis Ave., Chicago, 111. The subscription price is $2.00 per year; the price of single copies is 25 cents.Entered as second class matter December 10, 1924, at the Post Office at Crawfordsville, Indiana, under the Act of March 3, 1879.Demonstration of the reflection and focusing of sound. Through the courtesy of the Ryerson Laboratory the parabolic mirrors of ThomasC. Hebb, PhD '04, designed for his well-known determination of the velocity of sound, have been adapted to a museum exhibit. The ticks ofthe clock are collected by the mirror and reflected in a parallel beam over a distance of 30 feet where they are received and focused intoa listening tube by the other mirror, so that they may be heard by the observer, greatly intensified.volume xxv, THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEMAY, 1934 NUMBER 7SCIENCE AND INDUSTRYMeet in a Greek TempleDURING the past six years residents of the Hyde| Park neighborhood have watched with thekeenest interest the establishment and growthof a new institution in Jackson Park, just a few minutes'walk east of the University campus, on 57th Street.The Museum of Science and Industry, housed in theFine Arts Building of the Columbian Exposition, longthe home of the Field Museum and now beautifullyreconstructed in Bedford limestone, steel and concrete,opened its doors to the public on the first day of lastJuly. Founded by Julius Rogenwald in 1926, as aneducational enterprise of a popular character, theMuseum is being organized to interpret in the simplestterms the evolution of the basic sciences and the advances in engineering, industry, and human relationswhich are largely the result of their tremendous mutualinfluences.In its purposes the Museum of Science and Industryfosters a program contemporary with the University'sNew Educational Plan. The New Plan emphasizes and,with increasing success, is meeting the need of thecollege student for a more adequate understanding ofthe field of human knowledge, before specialization.The Museum supplementsthis important universityfunction with an opportunity for the public, youngand old, to become acquainted with, and continually renew interest in, thephenomena of natural science and the methods andachievements of engineering and industry, whichhave played such a largepart in the somewhat bewildering alterations whichhuman activities haveundergone, especially during the past hundred years.Both projects look forwardto an improved orientation *3t ^9^-r ~S ^^^Jf^FP^ M IBLoading coal in a modern mine. Miners demonstrating how theirhuge machine handles three hundred tons per day.• By ANDREW MACMAHON, PhD '27of the individual in a changing world, and to a newviewpoint in leadership which the entire country sovitally demands.The method of presentation of these subjects is oneof dramatic realism. For example, here one may inspectthe sixty-five foot headframe and huge hoisting machinery of a bituminous coal mine, full-sized and operating. The visitor descends to the level of the undergroundworkings in a mine cage and subsequently is transported to the operating areas in mine carriages drawnby mine locomotives, manned by experienced miners.Each party is stopped at suitable locations, wheremodern methods of undercutting, drilling, preparationfor blasting down and loading the coal are demonstrated or explained. Supplementing these realistic experiences, the visitor finds the fossil evidence with whichthe geologist establishes the plant origin of coal at sometwo hundred and fifty millions of years ago; otherexhibits show the essential constituents of the numerousvarieties, from peat to anthracite, and portray the growthof man's practice in their utilization. One may glimpsethe future of these versatile natural resources, whichin addition to the majorportion of our power, lightand heat, provide the rawmaterials from which thechemist manufactures dyes,photographic developers,perfumes, and medicines.In the section of the Museum devoted to transportation, there may beinspected a replica of thesteam locomotive "Rocket,"with which, in 1829, GeorgeStephenson pulled six tonsof freight at an averagespeed of fifteen miles perhour over iron rails, thereby winning the £500 prizeoffered by the Liverpooland Manchester Railway.Thereafter, the modern236 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEDeep-sea diver cutting steel under water. Demonstration of electrictorch developed by Merritt, Chapman and Scott to meet requirementsof naval operations. Until the development of this museum exhibit,no one but the diver himself had ever seen the electric torch underthese conditions of use.two hundred ton locomotive which the visitor seesspeeding by at seventy miles per hour in everydaylife, drawing its thousands of tons of rolling stock,passengers, mail and freight, assumes a new significance.In still other sections of the Museum new alloys withamazing properties are quickly made in a high-frequencyinduction furnace; electric power and lighting equipment, from Brush and Edison to the present, are demonstrated; a man-sized ship model is stabilized againstrolling with a spinning gyroscope; a deep-sea diver, fullyequipped, cuts steel under water with an electric torch;metals are welded together and pulled apart to testtheir strength; the scientific principles underlying thedesign and use of musical instruments are presented;the construction, operation and applications of thephoto-electric cell are explained. These are only a fewof several hundred exhibits now available to the public.We may read about these things in excellent books andmagazines, of course. It is the firm belief of the Trusteesof the Museum, however, that the budding civic leaderas well as the technical genius needs a more intimateunderstanding of them if he is to develop an abilityto comprehend the viewpoints of people in all walks oflife and effectively combine them into a unified program. Aside from the entertainment value of suchexhibits, which by the way is surprising, here is a usefor increasing leisure hours worthy of a great people.With inspiring spontaneity, understanding and enthusiasm, the University of Chicago and the Museumof Science and Industry entered upon the most cordialrelations from the start. In June 1930, an All-UniversityCommittee on Cooperation was appointed by the President. Its personnel consists of Professors H. H. Barrows,Department of Geography, A. H. Compton (Chairman)Department of Physics, Charles Judd, Department ofEducation, H. A. Millis, Department of Economics,W. F. Ogburn, Department of Sociology, and H. I.Schlesinger, Department of Chemistry. In addition,splendid assistance has been given to the planning andpreparation of numerous exhibits by Dean Henry G.Gale, Professors E. S. Bastin, G. A. Bliss, Fay CooperCole, Harvey B. Lemon, A. C. Noe, H. I. Slaught, and many others. From the ranks of its Alumni the University has furnished to the Museum staff Mr. J. R.Van Pelt, Assistant Director, Professor Carey Croneis,Research Associate in Geology, Miss Mary B. Day, Librarian, Dr. A. M. MacMahon, Curator of the PhysicalSciences, and Mr. Edward De Loach, scientific photographer, well-known for five years' work on one of Professor Breasted's expeditions. During the summer andautumn Mr. Tracy Calkins, '32, gave very efficient assistance as a demonstrator in physics. Dr. Theodore A.Link, '18, PhD'27, of the Imperial Oil Co., was associatedwith the museum during 1932-33 in the preparation ofthe petroleum exhibit.Under the auspices of the University's committee,Professor Harvey B. Lemon and the Museum's scientificstaff planned and developed the Belfield Hall Museumof Physics which has proved such a valuable factor inthe success of the University's New Plan. A detailedaccount of this project appeared in the February number of The American Physics Teacher. Three yearsago the University found itself under the necessity ofdeveloping a substitute for formal laboratory exercises;at about the same time the Museum decided to undertake the preparation of an experimental museum forthe purpose of testing the reaction of students and thepublic to the type of operating exhibits contemplatedfor its major program. It was only natural for the twosister institutions to combine their activities. A mutuallysatisfactory plan was crystallized in the late summerof 1931 with considerable saving of time and expenseHow gyroscopes stabilize ships. Museum attendant explainingaction of Sperry gyroscope in preventing ocean liners from rolling ina storm. Artificial waves are produced to rock the boat which theattendant then stabilizes by turning on the gyroscope.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 237Fundamental principles of orchestral instruments. This exhibit was presented to the museum by C. D. Greenleaf, '99, president of C. G. Conn,Ltd. H. W. Schwartz, AM '24, advertising manager, played a leading part in the development of these exhibits, which include five ingeniousdemonstrations of acoustical phenomena. From left to right in the picture above, O. T. Kreusser, Director of the Museum, Carl D. Greenleaf,'99, Andrew MacMahon, PhD '27, director, Division of Physical all concerned. Here students of the humanities aswell as the biological and physical sciences may browseamong operating exhibits covering mechanics, molecularphysics, heat, sound, electro-magnetism, x-rays andelectronics in a manner more illuminating than themost carefully prepared text-book and frequently evenmore vivid than the classroom experiment. Press abutton and a circular track free to rotate about a vertical axis reacts to the acceleration of a miniature train,demonstrating Newton's third law of motion. Throwa switch and a vacuum pump exhausts the air from abelljar; as the vacuum increases a small balloon insideexpands, showing what is meant by gaseous pressure.The fundamentals of Michelson's classical measurement of the velocity of light are reduced to their simplestterms in an operating exhibit, with which the visitormay satisfy his natural curiosity regarding its finitenature. So well have the exhibits in Belfield Hall toldtheir story that classes of students from all parts ofChicago have been attracted to their use. To dateover ten thousand visitors have been recorded. Unfortunately, because of limitations of space and attendant staff, it has been necessary at times to turn outsideclasses away or postpone their visits. Eventually, theample floor space, over forty thousand square feet,reserved for physics in the new Museum will eliminatethis difficulty. In other locations on the campus, museums for chemistry and geology have been tried. Someof the motion pictures on the physical sciences, produced by the University and the Erpi Corporation, haveused apparatus from these projects. In the field of radio broadcasting additional cooperation has also been developing. Since 1929, Mr. VanPelt, and other members of the Museum staff have occasionally been giving popular talks on science underthe auspices of the University. Recently, a new seriesof programs was instituted, the first of which wasbroadcast on March 3rd. Coming by direct wirefrom the Museum to Mitchell Tower, these programs consist of discussions of outstanding exhibitsnow on display in the Museum, carried on betweenMr. Alan Miller of the University Radio Departmentand Mr. John A. Maloney of the Museum staff. Thepresent series will continue through six programs,coming at 4:00 P.M. on consecutive Saturdays, overWGN.It is interesting to note the immediate and widespread interest shown in this new enterprise in publiceducation. Since the opening of its initial section, representing less than one-tenth of the major program, theMuseum of Science and Industry has received nearlythree hundred and fifty thousand visitors, considerablenumbers coming from every state in the Union andover thirty foreign countries. Many of the leading industries in the United States have assisted in makingthis first showing to the public a success.The Trustees extend a cordial invitation to allAlumni and their friends to see these exhibits. TheMuseum Management takes pleasure in making suitablearrangements for special groups to examine the operation of exhibits under the best conditions possible, withtrained attendants.PAUL SHOREYAn AppreciationA GREAT scholar, a great teacher, one of the finestof men, passed out of the University in the deathof Professor Paul Shorey on April 24. Followinga heart ailment of several years came a paralytic strokein December last, from which he partially recovered, andanother in March, from which his system did not rally.He was seventy-six years old. The funeral was held inBond Chapel, April 27, and addresses were made byPresident Norlin of the University of Colorado andDean Laing, representing respectively Professor Shorey'sstudents and his colleagues, and appropriate readingswere given by Dean Gilkey.The only son of Judge Daniel L. and Maria A.Marriam Shorey, Paul Shorey was born in Davenport,Iowa. The family came to Chicago and Paul attendedthe public schools of this city. He graduated fromHarvard in 1878, read law in his father's office, and wasadmitted to the bar in 1880. But this profession hadno attraction for him. His heart was set on a scholarlycareer and he studied abroad in several German universities, receiving his PhD degree at Munich in 1884.He was professor of Greek in Bryn Mawr College 1885-92. In the latter year he came to the University ofChicago as head of the department of Greek. He wasone of the brilliant group of young men whom WilliamRainey Harper, the first president, called to the University at its very beginning and who immediately gavethe new institution a place in the front rank ofAmerican universities. He was married in 1895 to MissEmma L. Gilbert, who had been one of his graduatestudents.Professor Shorey was the greatest classical scholar thiscountry has produced. There were few if any scholarsin Europe who were his equals. He took all of literatureand a large section of philosophy as his province, andindeed there are few fields of general learning with whichhe was not familiar. But the Greek and Latin classicswere his specialty and Plato was his favorite author. Ofhis six published books "The Unity of Plato's Thought,"a comprehensive statement of Plato's philosophy, is considered the greatest. Last year he brought out anothervolume, "What Plato Said," a more concise and popularinterpretation of Plato's ideas, and shortly before hisdeath he was able to read the proof of his volume onPlato's "Republic," which contains a new translationwith critical apparatus and commentary. Though hehad relinquished the headship of his department in1927 and had been made professor emeritus in 1932, hecontinued to teach and to write, and recent years wereamong the most active of his intellectual life. Admittingthat he was "working against time," he had several otherbooks in preparation when he was taken away.Honorary degrees were conferred on Professor Shoreyby ten American universities and one foreign institution. In 1901-02 he was Annual Associate Director of theAmerican School of Classical Studies at Athens. But hisinfluence in scholarship is seen more clearly in this: • By FREDERIC J. GURNEY.that students who had taken the PhD degree underhim are now teaching in forty-six higher institutions inthe United States and Canada; two are college presidents. He had been editor since 1908 of the Journal ofClassical Philology, in which he reviewed with keenlycritical insight and insistence on accuracy hundreds ofbooks in this field.It was my great privilege to have Paul Shorey as aclassmate. We attended the old Chicago High School(There was only one in those days!), took the samecourse, were intimate friends, and graduated togetherin the class of 1874. Mr. George Howland, who had beenprincipal for twenty years, said he was the most brilliantstudent the school had ever had. I do not believe anyoneequaled him in the years following. His mother taughthim French at home, and he took German as an extrastudy throughout his course. So in addition to Latinand Greek, regularly required of students expecting togo to college, he had at graduation a good knowledge ofthe two modern languages likewise. At his suggestionwe two read Cicero's De Senectute outside and our Latinteacher kindly heard our translations. Shorey led his classin every subject and was, of course, valedictorian at thecommencement. Also during high school days he readextensively in general literature. The tales of Scott,Dickens and other standard novelists, and poems, notonly those well known but also those of more obscureauthors were his intellectual playground. The writingsof Darwin, Huxley and Herbert Spencer furnished himmore solid mental pabulum. He read the magazines andwas acquainted with current thought.But let no one suppose that Paul Shorey was a bookworm; still less was he a prig. He never gave the impression of being precocious. He was a thorough boy,undemonstrative indeed but not retiring, companionable, wholesome in spirit, enjoying life. He took part inthe social activities of the school, such as they were inthose simpler days, was co-editor of a clever and wittyclass paper, and an active member of the Irving literarysociety. He did not go in for competitive athletics buthe enjoyed open air sport, especially skating and boating. In the afternoon on coming home from school hewould eat some lunch and then play the rest of the daytill dinner time. He1 had a boy's good appetite and heregularly went to bed at nine o'clock. Well when, onemay exclaim, when did he do his studying? I asked himthat question one day and he replied, "O, at odd times."But be sure that when he studied he did study, buckleddown to it, as he said, and absorbed everything. Hisfather told me that at Harvard he was a puzzle to hisfellow students. He did not take part in any dissipatinggaieties, though he was not averse to society, he was not adig, never appeared to be very busy, had plenty of timeto spare; and yet he was carrying off the honors alongevery line. Paul Shorey was a genius. Yes, but he wassomething more and finer than that. He was a true boy,a true youth, a true man.SCHOLARSHIPSAT ABOUT the time this May issue of the Magazine/-\ is being read by alumni, approximately 1 ,000 high-*- *• school students will be participating in examinations given by the University, contesting for competitiveentrance scholarship awards. Not one mediocre studentwill be in the group. These young people are selectedby their principals to represent their schools in the contest and they are, therefore, the choice students from thebest schools over a large section of the country. Theyhave been outstanding leaders in the schools from whichthey come and are exactly the sort that the Universityhopes will be attracted by the new plan.All of which is encouraging, and conclusive evidenceof several things: first, that the type of instruction andthe facilities offered by the University are attracting theright sort of students; second, that the reputation of theUniversity as a leader in education is continuing to advance and that information about the University isreaching the right persons; third, that high school teachers and principals are encouraging their most desirablestudents to enter the University; and fourth, that effective work is being done by the alumni who are bringingthe University to the attention of high school principals,teachers and students.Very good so far, but only 30 scholarships are availablefor award to the 1,000 contestants and unfortunately avery large proportion of the 970 unsuccessful contestantswill be financially unable to enter the University without scholarship aid. Likewise, some 300 students injunior colleges will endeavor to secure upper classscholarships and only 15 can be awarded. Also, therewill be hundreds of superior students who have spentone or more years in the University who will not be ableto remain without at least some scholarship aid, andthere are only 30 scholarships available for second yearstudents, 16 for third year students and 16 for fourthyear students. All in all, of 2,417 applicants for scholarships during the past year only 319 could be aided fromscholarship funds available.*Summing this up in commercial phraseology, is it notevident that the University is doing a good job educationally; that its promotion work has been effective, butthat there has been a deplorable wastage in good customers who are "sold" on the University but preventedfrom attending by lack of funds? Never before in thehistory of the University were there so many capableand promising young men and young women earnestlydesiring to continue their education but unable to paythe necessary expenses. The University has strained itsresources to the limit in an effort to help them and hasmore than doubled the amount of aid for students butcan go no further without assistance. In 1933-34 itappropriated $70,000.00 from endowment income forscholarships, and in 1934-35 it will provide $110,000.00from the same source, in addition to loaning $150,000.00to students during 1932-33 and somewhat more than • By JOHN F. MOULDS, '07that in 1933-34. But these sums are utterly insufficientand until income from investments improves the University can not further supplement the scholarship funds.In comparison with other privately endowed universities, Chicago's funds for scholarships are conspicuouslyinadequate as shown by the following figures:Endowed ScholarshipsYale $515,000.00Harvard $307,000.00Chicago $ 1 70,000.00In the good old days (prior to 1929) there were alwaysjobs to be had, some good and some not so good but atleast they saved the day for the self supporting studentwho was not lucky enough to win one of the scholarships. Now part time jobs are practically non-existentand summer jobs are almost as scarce. Family savingswhich were relied upon to pay for the college educationhave long since been wiped out by bank failures andinvestment losses.This generation of admirable young people, who areobliged to make their own way through college, needshelp from those who can supply it. For them to attemptto carry the whole load under present conditions is tooheavy an undertaking and dangerous both mentally andphysically. Any number of cases could readily be citedindicating the sacrifice that many of them are making intheir endeavor to complete their education. They arepotential leaders of the future, who, if given the opportunity, will themselves become outstanding alumni ofthe University carrying on the tradition of Chicago'sillustrious sons and daughters. The University has reason to be proud of the record since graduation of thosewho were scholarship-aided students in the past. Theyhave won for themselves places of leadership in the professional and commercial as well as the educationalfields. The names of many such persons flood our minds—physicians and lawyers of renown who got their startthrough service scholarships in the Libraries, judgesand statesmen who were on messenger service in the Information Office, professors and college administratorswho were once waiters in Hutchinson Commons. Theirpossible successors are waiting in line for similar opportunities to acquire the education which the Universityis prepared to offer them. How can these opportunitiesbe made possible? As one answer to the problem, theTrustee Committee on Development is organizing agroup to present the situation to generous-mindedfriends of the University. Alumni can help in severalways. Those who are able, by contributing either yearlyor quarterly scholarships. Others, by interesting well-to-do friends to do likewise. Alumni Clubs, by combiningsmaller gifts into club scholarships. The Alumni GiftFund Committee invites contributions and help of thiskind and earnestly urges every alumnus to do his utmostfor this worthy cause.239THE RED LABELOn the Brain TrustTHE popular discovery that President Rooseveltdraws heavily for advice and administrative aidfrom college professors has greatly exaggeratedthe novelty of the practice of associating professors withthe responsible conduct of national affairs. There is nodoubt that the prominence of the "Brain Trust" hasdiverted attention from the hundreds of specialists whoare absorbed in the relief and recovery tasks of nationaland local government. There would be some support.for the view that the slogan about the "Brain Trust"has grossly exaggerated both the trustification of thebrains and the braininess of the trust.Lesser issues aside, the emergence of the academicintellectuals in the present national crisis signifies ademand for knowledge and impartiality in Americanpublic life. The economists, sorely tempted though theymay have been to cater to the era of dizzy success ineasy promotion, survived the boom-collapse withoutserious damage to their scientific reputations. The overwhelming opinion of accredited economists in theUnited States consistently held that the new era was anold mistake.Vexed and embittered at bankers, brokers, promotersand big-time profit-seekers generally, many Americanswere receptive to a new leadership recruited from thosewhose poverty argued for the chastity of their intentions to pursue the common good, and whose knowledgejustified a presumption of competence in instrumenting the new deal.Many of those who became prominent as membersof the "Brain Trust" had done respectable, and occasionally notable, writing on various phases of economics and politics. Mr. Moley had published on legaladministration, Mr. Berle and Mr. Means had demonstrated the divorce of control from ownership in modernindustrial enterprise, Mr. Rogers and Mr. Warren hadwritten on gold and prices, Mr. Tugwell had generalizedhis economics to include a philosophy of control, Mr.Frank had contributed a polemical and interesting bookon the psychology of lawyers and judges, Mr. Dickinsonhad published authoritative monographs on administrative law. Among those associated with the nationalgovernment in advisory capacities were Mr. Merriamand Mr. Mitchell, who would be named on any well-informed list of very eminent living social scientists.There is no denying that the men who have been drawnto Washington in the present emergency, whether"Brain Trusters" or not, are a fair, and probably a veryselect sample of the specialized academic talent of theUnited States.The first year of the Roosevelt administration wascharacterized by the rapid governmentalizing of manyphases of social life. It is scarcely necessary to remindanyone that the government is today an importantowner of many of the principal banks of the country,that the issuing of private credit is subject to stringent • By HAROLD D. LASSWELL, '22, PhD '26regulation, that relief activities are centralized in thehands of the Federal government to an unprecedentedextent, that codes have been written for hundreds ofAmerican industries, that agricultural policy is guidedby a determined effort to restore the level of farm pricesto the level of industrial prices, and that the announcedpurpose of the national government is to stimulate recovery by increasing the purchasing power of the workers as well as the farmers.Such rapid extensions of government control werecertain to arouse the bitter opposition of large bankersand industrialists in the United States. They were onthe run in 1933, when the banking crisis, superimposedupon the general economic crisis, seemed to threatenthe fundamental routines of living, and to demandmore surgery and fewer pills to assuage the sickness ofAmerica's acquisitive society.Down but not OutIt was clear to anyone familiar with the dynamicrelations of society that big business and big financemight be down, but they were far from out. There isno precedent for the relinquishing of power by hugevested interests without a struggle; and the only uncertainty was the day and the hour of the counter-offensive against the extensions of public authoritywhich had been made in the name of the public good.It was not even difficult to predict the strategy whichwould be used in the business offensive to protect vestedinterests. The propaganda advisors of big finance andbig business have played the game of discrediting government too often for any doubt to be left about thenature of their defensive measures. The trick is simplicity itself; it has even found classic expression in thefamous words of a public utility propagandist who toldhow to get rid of an inconvenient intellectual. Theprescription was short, simple: "Pin the Red label onhim." This classic utterance is to be found in the reportof the hearings conducted by the Federal Trade Commission into the propaganda activity of the NationalElectric Light Association.Possibly an appeal should be made to the art department at this point to explain the singular lureof red for public utility and big financial propagandistsgenerally. Perhaps there are obscure aesthetic reasonswhy they are fond of decorating the less agreeableportions of the social environment in this vivid hue.The political scientist is inclined to the view that thechromatic preferences of those concerned are perhapsless matters of delicacy of taste than of expediency inarousing the farmers and the small business and professional men of this country against measures whichthreaten the profits of big business and big finance. Ifthe farmers and the lesser business men can be incitedto revolt against the whole regulatory program, which isavowedly designed to curb the power of the biggestTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 241financial and industrial interests for the benefit of the"forgotten" interests, big finance and big business willhave succeeded in having their chestnuts pulled out ofthe fire.Scare-head TacticsA fundamental collision of interest was inevitablebetween government regulation of the big fellows onbehalf of the little fellows, and the big fellows whowere the targets of regulation. There was no reasonto doubt that the counter-offensive of the big fellowswould be to scare the little fellows into believing thattheir interests, not those of the big fellows only, wereimperilled by subversive intellectuals.There can be no question that some members of the"Brain Trust" have made themselves easy targets ofhostile attack. Some of them have been notoriouslyarrogant and impolitic in their contacts with politiciansand business men. No doubt some of them have displayed their lack of political and administrative skill,to say nothing of their lack of personal integration, byneglecting to imitate the suavity of the President of theUnited States whose serenity in action has thus far impressed itself upon the nation. But much of the recriminating about young "whippersnappers" who "tellus business men where to get off at," though foundedon authentic personal experience, must be discounted.Had the haughty and impolitic members of the "Trust"shown the celebrated endurance of Job, the elaboratesolicitude of modern funeral directors, the spotless at-tentiveness of painless dentists, or the antiseptic impersonality of accomplished surgeons, the outcry wouldhardly have been less noticeable. After all, the longAmerican Mercury— AprilLewisohn into Crump, Ernest Sutherland Bates, exAmerican Mercury— MayAmerican Propaganda in Russia, Anna Louise Strong,AM'07, PhD'08Athletic Journal— MarchCoach, What of the Future? Hugo Bezdek, '07Atlantic Monthly— MayWho's Wrong with the Law, Mitchell Dawson, '11,jD'14Chicagoan— AprilWorld's Fair: Encore, Milton S. Mayer, '29Spring Sports Bloom, Kenneth D. Fry, '28Chicagoana, Donald C. Plant, '25Commerce— AprilWhoopla Days A-Coming, Royal F. Munger, '18 and short of it is that big business and big finance don'tlike restrictions; and that's that.Can the big profits groups succeed in driving a wedgebetween the government on the one hand, and thesmall business men and farmers on the other? Canthey incite the inhabitants of Middletown and less tosave their profits by pinning the red label on some ofthe prominent academic advisors of the President? Canthe campaigns of such agencies as the "Committee forthe Nation" succeed in "putting it over"?The "Brain Trust" has had a year of remarkablepublic support to use in convincing the farmers andthe lesser business and professional men that what theystand for is a new deal which in truth curbs big financeand big business. They have had a year to immunize thepublic against the counter-attack which it required nosoothsayer to foretell. I have not the space here toanalyze the conduct of affairs by the "Brain Trust" forthe sake of considering its political realism. Nor, indeed, do I intend to pass judgment on the legitimacy orthe illegitimacy of the arguments for and against thecurbing of big business and big finance. The essentialpoint is to clarify the present juncture of public affairs,regardless of the stand that one chooses to take.Politics, whether conducted by business men inpolitics or politicians in business, resembles in somerespects the childhood game of pinning the tail onthe donkey or being the donkey one's self. My favoritedefinition of political science is that it consists inanalyzing who gets what, when, and how; and I mayconclude these remarks by saying that the most interesting question about American political life at themoment is who will succeed in pinning the donkey labelon whom, and how?Harpers— AprilMenage a Trois, Vincent Sheean, '21Harpers— MaySlaughter for Sale, John Gunter, f22National Geographic— AprilAround Our Inland Seas, Maynard O. Williams, '10Scientific Monthly— AprilScience and Industry, Frank B. Jewett, '02The Service of Science, Robert A. Millikan, ex-g'94Scientific Monthly— MayPlant Communities of the Dunes, George D. Fuller,SM'12, PhD'14Survey Graphic— AprilExaggerated Nationalism, Jane Addams, LLD '30My Automobile in the Soviet Sowing, Anna LouiseStrong, AM'07, PhD'08Chicago Alumni in the Current Magazines1934 REUNION PROGRAMWednesday, June 66:30 PM: Social Service Administration Alumni Association Dinner.Thursday, June 78:30 AM: The Fourth Annual Alumni Conference commences with a discussion over thecoffee cups at Judson Court.3:30 PM: Annual Alumni- Varsity Baseball Game, Greenwood Field. Kyle Anderson,in charge.6:30 PM: Annual Dinner, The Order of the "C," Hutchinson Commons.Women's Athletic Association Dinner, Ida Noyes Hall, The Cloister Club.Friday, June 89:00 AM: The Fourth Annual Alumni Conference continues to confer at Judson CourtLounge*12:00 M: Class of 1914 men will assemble at Exmoor Country Club for a ReunionGolfing Session.5:30 PM: Aides' Dinner, Ida Noyes Hall.6:30 PM: Class of 1909 Reunion Dinner, Room A, International House.Phi Beta Kappa Banquet. Delegates to the Alumni Conference are invited tothis affair at Judson Court.8:30 PM: Alumni Assembly, International House Theatre.10-11:00 AM: Informal Reception and Dancing, International House.9:00 AM11:00 AM12:00 M12:30 PM2-4:00 PM3:00 PM3:30 PM4:00 PM5:30 PM6:30 PM7:15 PM8:30 PM Saturday, June 9Final session of Alumni Conference, Judson Court.Alumnae Club Breakfast, Ida Noyes Hall.Class of 1916-1917 Annual Luncheon, Hutchinson Cafe.Disciples Divinity Alumni Luncheon, 1156 E. 57th Street.Registration in the Circle.Carillon Concert, University Chapel.Class of 1904 Reunion Tea, Swift Commons Room.Hitchcock Hall Alumni Tea, Hitchcock Hall.Reunion Revue, Mandel Hall.Reunion Dinner, with entertainment, Hutchinson Commons.Rush Medical College Alumni Dinner.Band Concert, University Band, Hutchinson Court.University Sing, Hutchinson Court. S. Edwin Earle, Master of Ceremonies.Induction of Aides and Marshals, Presentation of "C" Blankets, Alma Mater.Sunday, June 1011:00 AM: University Religious Service, "Convocation Sunday," The University Chapel.1:00 PM: Class of 1914 Luncheon and business meeting, at the home of Harvey Harris,5000 Ellis Avenue.4:00 PM: Musical Vesper Service, University Chapel.5:30 PM: Carillon Concert.Tuesday, June 126:30 PM: Law School Alumni Association Dinner.THE FORTY-FIRST REUNIONTFIE realistic and sensible alumni, as well as thosemore romantic souls who take pleasure in reminiscence, will find the answer to their annualquestion, "why alumni reunions," in the program onthe opposite page.It represents a real effort to offer the alumni, especiallythose who cannot visit the quadrangles frequently, acomprehensive view of the work of the University, aswell as an opportunity to meet with classmates.The alumni associations of the professional schoolshave, of course, a peculiar advantage to offer. The LawSchool men and the Rush alumni, the Social ServiceAdministration and Divinity people will find their Association dinners and meetings splendid opportunitiesfor professional contacts. It is always interesting to seewho else in your own professional field attended yourUniversity. The speakers at these meetings will be wellworth hearing. Announcements of details will be sentout to members of each association later in May, andfurther information will appear in the June issue ofthe Magazine.The Alumni Conference this year has as its specialpurpose the orienting of the delegates in the currentUniversity. In order to do this thoroughly and interestingly, the delegates will be privileged to visit classrooms and lectures, laboratories and libraries, and seethe University in action. For this reason the Conferenceis planned to cover three days, starting on Thursday,June 7, and having a final discussion on Saturday morning, June 9. Among the interesting occasions plannedfor the delegates is the dinner on Friday evening. ThePhi Beta Kappa Society of the University has invitedthe out of town alumni at the Conference to attend thisaffair, a welcome pleasure for those who ordinarily donot return to Chicago for reunion in time for thisaffair, and the chance of a life-time for those who areneither members nor members-in-law of this learnedorder.The Alumnae Club announces that it will hold itsannual Breakfast Party at Ida Noyes Hall, in theCloister Club. As Mary Courtney is in charge of theentertainment of the day, all the girls are looking forward to being there.Those who pranced about the playing fields of Chicago in their younger days, and whose alumni intereststend toward the athletic, will do well to study the program for Thursday of Reunion Week. The traditional baseball game between the alumni and the youngergeneration will take place on Greenwood Field, andKyle Anderson has indicated that the ancestors feelquite capable of defeating the descendants. In theevening the Order of the "C" will celebrate with itstraditional banquet at Hutchinson Commons. Thelady athletes will find themselves most welcome at IdaNoyes Hall where the Women's Athletic AssociationDinner is being held.Various class reunions are arranged for the dinnerhour on Friday, and for luncheon on Saturday. Inorder to simplify the lives of those responsible for thevarious University buildings, it is asked that all Classrepresentatives reserve rooms for meetings through theAlumni Office. If you will get in touch with the AlumniSecretary at once it will still be possible to find a cornerfor your class dinner in one of the more convenientand central buildings.Most of the people who are dining on the quadrangles on Friday night are planning to meet early sothat they may go in a body to the Alumni Assemblyat International House at 8:30. The Assembly heldthere last year was so successful that a somewhat similarparty is planned for this year. The program is guaranteed to be amusing, instructive, educational andslightly cosmopolitan in nature. You are requested toread the June Magazine for further details. Until then,reflect on the pleasures of dancing in the airy International House Theatre and sipping lemonade in thecourt, after being amused, instructed and entertained.The Saturday afternoon program will follow the traditional order. Registration in the Circle to give youa chance to see who else is there, strolling about thequadrangles, then a hilarious vaudeville show underFrank O'Hara's capable direction. Dinner will beserved in Hutchinson Commons at 5:30, for the convenience of those who are going to the Sing. There willbe very special entertainment at dinner. The University Band will provide the prelude to the Sing, thegrand climax of the Reunion. Due to the combinedinfluences of daylight saving and the exigencies ofbroadcasting, it will begin at 8:30 this year.Watch for further reunion news in the June Magazineand communicate with the Alumni Office about any ofthe events listed here. Mr. Fred E. Law, ReunionChairman, can be reached through the University ofChicago Alumni Office.243CWA ON THE MIDWAY• By ROBERT WOELLNER, AMf24, Executive, Board of Vocational Guidance and PlacementSTUDENTS and graduates of the University ofChicago are being benefited by two types of relief provided by the Federal Emergency ReliefAdministration. The first of these has created jobs fora number of graduates and former students who wereout of employment. Last November the Universityauthorities received a letter from George F. Zook, Commissioner of Education of the United States Department of the Interior, informing them that the FederalEmergency Relief Administrator had authorized varioustypes of research work to be carried on as Federal WorkRelief Projects. These projects, in the main, are concerned with social and educational problems to whichthe financial depression has given rise; and the research and clerical jobs which they entail were especially designed to aid indigent persons with Master's,Doctor's, or professional degrees.As a result of these provisions, twenty-three researchprojects, employing approximately 200 people, wereset up at the University, and will continue until June1, 1934. Most of the personnel were provided by theBoard of Vocational Guidance and Placement fromlists of former students or graduates of the Universityof Chicago. To qualify for this type of relief, applicants were required to prove their need to the satisfaction of the local Civil Works Administration authorities. The following titles are typical of the sort ofproblems with which these research projects are concerned:"A Study of the Comparative Effects of Work Relief and Direct Relief.""A Study of the Effects of the Depression uponFamily Life and the Personality Development of ItsMembers.""A Study of Unemployed Boys and Girls Who HavePassed the School Leaving Age Since 1930.""A Survey of Adult Educational Interests of theRadio Audience.""Determining the Effects of the Depression on theBirth Rate and Infant Death Rate."The research workers in these projects receive 83%cents an hour for thirty hours of work per week, or$25.00; and the clerical workers receive 50 cents an hourfor thirty hours of workj per week, or $15.00. In providing these funds, the Government not only is creatingwork for those who desperately need it, but is assistingthe University to carry on valuable scientific investigations. The second type of Federal Relief provides part-timejobs for students in residence at the University, or thosewho have recently dropped out of the Universitydue to lack of funds. Under the terms of the FederalEmergency Relief Administration Act, funds weremade available to supply part-time employment forcollege students for the period extending from February1S> 19S4y to June *5> 19M- The number of students inany college that can be assisted in this way is 10% ofthe enrollment of full-time students as of October 15,1933. The University of Chicago quota was thus established as 420 students, 267 men and 153 women. Somany students at the University of Chicago take lessthan a full program (three majors) that the numberthat could be benefited is not as large as it might otherwise have been.The instructions received from Washington stipulated that the financial status of the students selected forthe jobs should be such as to make it impossible forthem to attend college without this aid; that they shouldbe. selected on the basis of character and ability to docollege work; that the jobs should be allocated betweenmen and women in proportion to the enrollment ofeach in the particular school; that the hourly rate ofpay should be such as is paid by the institution for thetype of service rendered, but not less than 30^ an hour;that no student should work more than 30 hours inany week, or 8 hours in any day; and that the pay shouldbe based on an average of $15.00 per month per student employed. The Federal authorities further stipulated that the student part-time workers were not, underany circumstances, to take the places of full-time workersalready employed.The full quota of students has now been assigned toa great variety of projects on the Quadrangles. Some ofthe types of work included in these projects are asfollows: Laboratory Assistance; Research Work; OfficeWork (typing, stenography, filing, clerical work, etc.);Drafting and Lettering; Translation; Statistics; Manuscript Cataloging; Recreational Leadership; LibraryAssistance; Teaching Convalescent Children; andwork for Buildings and Grounds and CommonsDepartment (washing windows, vacuum cleaningrugs, polishing brass, painting furniture, gradingtennis courts, etc.). Without the aid of the FederalAdministration, the students now engaged in thesetasks would not have been able to continue their collegeeducation.LAW SCHOOL ALUMNILaw School Alumni Dinner — June 72, 6:30 P. M.KENNETH KARR, JD*27, ChairmanFive Year Classes Are 1 894, 1 899, 1904, 1909, 1914, 1919, 1924,1929244COLLEGE LIVINGIs Part of College Education• By KATHARINE BLUNT, PhD '07, President of Connecticut CollegeCONNECTICUT COLLEGE has had an unusualexperience recently in building one dormitoryand then almost immediately receiving a gift foranother. We are thus in the enviable position of beingable to put up a second building while the weak as wellas the strong points of the first are fresh in our minds.Primarily are we fortunate in taking two such important steps in the development of the college. I amglad of this opportunity to tell others of our experiences.The building finished last autumn, Windham House,was made possible through the long-time efforts of alarge number of people in Windham County, one ofthe eight counties of the state. The one now beingplanned is the gift of Mrs. Edward S. Harkness, and isto be called Mary Harkness House. The cost of Windham, exclusive of furnishings, roads, grading, and connecting with utilities, and inclusive of architects' andbuilders' fees, was approximately $127,000, whichproved enough for a very satisfactory and by no meanselaborate building. Mrs. Harkness' gift is $150,000.The main problem before us in planning these twobuildings has been clear— to increase the number ofstudents in our own dormitories, thus lessening theunsatisfactory "off-campus" situation which has grownup in the eighteen years of the college until it affectedabout one-third of the students, and at the same timeto develop the best group living of which we arecapable. We decided to try to house about seventy girls,this number being large enough for economical administration and small enough for friendly living, and thefund available making this possible. Windham hasseventy-one students, and Mary Harkness House, according to the plans, will have slightly more.To formulate the details of what we wanted in eachbuilding we have held many consultations with collegeofficials. Chiefly responsible have been the dean ofstudents and the director of residence upon whom, withthe president, most responsibility has been laid, and acommittee of students appointed by Student Government. These girls, from their experiences in otherdormitories, made valuable suggestions, ranging fromthe placing of electric lights to the number and kindof recreation rooms. A detailed statement of requirements was thus drawn up for the architects and wasfrequently modified as the plans grew.The architect was chosen by a committee of the boardof trustees, including the chairman of the board andthe president, who consulted many architects and examined many college buildings. The qualificationsdesired were prime interest in the usefulness of thedormitory, ability in sound and economical construction, and a sense of beauty that could adapt itself tothe beauty and spaciousness of our campus, and thatleaned toward the modern rather than toward mediae-valism in style. Finally selected were Shreve, Lamb & Harmon of New York City, architects of the EmpireState building, and of a number of school and collegestructures, hotels, and Y. M. C. A.'s.Why a Resident College?Planning a college dormitory satisfactorily meansfirst analyzing why one has a resident college— what onewants to give to the student and what kind of life onedesires to develop.First, of course, comes the intellectual interest. Onewants living quarters where the young women can workhard and grow in intellectual power and in character.This in most cases means single rooms, a "room ofone's own" being the rule in the belief that some solitude is almost essential for intellectual developmentand serenity of spirit. A few doubles are allowed ineach house because the exigencies of the architecturedemand them and because some students sincerely wishto live together and seem to do their work to the topof their ability in that way. Windham has also sixsuites each for two girls, with two small bedrooms andstudy. These are popular but have the disadvantageof being expensive in space, with two girls where threemight be housed.But intellectual growth often comes almost as muchfrom good talk as from study and thinking, so thatnumerous common rooms including a dining room aredesirable both for the intellectual purpose of the buildings and for friendship and good fun.There are three common rooms on the ground floorof Windham in addition to the dining room, a livingroom or lounge 39' x 36', a reception room 18' x 32'and a "game room" 52' x 15', with ping pong and cardtables. The living room is used for many general collegefunctions such as teas for the off-campus students, informal musicals and alumnae gatherings. The loungein Mary Harkness House is to be a combination of thetwo rooms in Windham, less formal than the livingroom and larger and better than the game room. Wehope it will be distinctly the center of the house life,with talk and music and games, and occasionally informal discussions led by faculty or outside guests. Itwill have many windows, a fireplace and a closet fortea things. There are also to be a reception room formen guests, and a small library where the girls mayread for pleasure or for work.The furnishings in the Windham common rooms arecolorful, comfortable and, we hope, fairly durable, withlow lamps, bookcases for the small collection of bookswhich the students are starting, and a good piano, awelcome gift. Furnishing a young women's dormitorywell requires experience and imagination. We werefortunate in securing the services of two women, theMisses Coggeshall and Jukes, one herself a former resident in a dormitory, who have done work for SmithCollege and Teachers College, Columbia, and who can245246 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEcombine in walls, curtains, and chairs, youthful gaietywith some dignity, and moderate prices with durabilityunder the strain of games and dancing and the ubiquitous cigarettes.In the students' rooms the college supplies dresser,desk, and two chairs, all well made, of maple finish,and a couch with bedding. The girls themselves furnishcurtains, rugs, couch-cover, lamps and anything elsethey desire. They have many charming rooms, usuallyat little expense, the influence of the good taste downstairs showing itself upstairs. We have been much interested to notice that the students in Windham havecared more on the whole about making their roomsattractive than in the older dormitories. We cannotsay how much of their effort is due to the beauty andgood taste of the common rooms, how much merely tothe newness of the building, and how much to thepresence of many visitors, to the "gold fish bowl" conditions of their living.Each building has or is to have its own dining room,made as quiet as possible with acoustical treatment ofthe ceiling, and pleasing with colorful walls and hangings. This individual dining room for each dormitoryis somewhat more expensive to run than serving allstudents in our two larger central dining halls, butseems almost essential for leisurely and friendly living.The expense is somewhat lessened here by the presencebetween the two new dormitories of another with alarge kitchen where much of the cooking can be donefor the three buildings and the food carried out insmall heated trucks as in hospitals, thus saving on bothoriginal equipment and wages.Among minor features of the buildings which addto the seemliness of living may be mentioned severalsmall tea pantries and laundries for students and a suitcase closet on each floor, so that suitcases do not haveto be concealed more or less untidily under beds. Thebathrooms are large, usually two on each floor, thisarrangement being decided upon instead of baths between rooms or washstands in the rooms, because ofless expense both in building and upkeep. Some of us,however, are still hoping for the plan with greaterprivacy in a later building. A system of annunciatorsback and forth from the telephone to the students'rooms permits summoning to the telephone without anoisy call.Anatomy of BuildingIn order to get all possible sunlight, the main axisof the building runs north and south, and the northside, by the architects' skilful planning, is used chieflyfor stairs and bathrooms, there being no students'rooms with north exposure only. The windows arelarge and the two sashes double hung; leaded glass andsmall casement openings may have aesthetic charm butdo not keep out the rain so satisfactorily nor let in thelight and air and fine view from our hilltop as dothe more substantial variety. The pleasing design inspacing the larger windows gives the desired beauty.In their choice of material and somewhat in thestyle, the architects have had to conform to the buildingsalready on the campus. Windham, placed between agranite library and dormitory, had to be of the nativegranite— a bit austere possibly but dignified and sub stantial, and relieved by limestone trim and by thegreen paint of the window casings. For Mary HarknessHouse, so placed as to allow a little more freedom, thedistribution of granite and limestone is still under discussion. Colleges built of brick may gain in lessenedexpense and possibly in warmth of color, but theConnecticut granite seems to fit well on our NewEngland hilltop.The life in the house is controlled chiefly by thestudents themselves. Self-government rules for quiethours, time of return at night, etc., hold here as inother colleges, and the good spirit of the students islargely made or marred by the house president who iselected by her fellows and who presides over the housemeetings and helps initiate various house activities. Anolder woman, a member of the college faculty or administration, serves as "house fellow," an importantand personally rewarding position but sometimesdifficult because not sharply defined. She is not a policeman, must not interfere with the authority of self-government, but she must not tolerate any laxity aboutthe rules the students themselves have made. Sheshould develop friendly relations in her house, lookout for students who may need her but not "mother"them too much, note any "problem cases" and helpthem herself or refer them to the proper college officer,cooperate with deans and physician, help the studentsorganize social or literary or musical activities— ingeneral be a power in the house through the force ofher personality and intellect. The fellow in Windhamis also director of housekeeping there, but the fellowsof most of the other houses are faculty members, withthis added duty of helping develop the highest kindof community living. The college board of fellows isunder the chairmanship of the dean of students, whois also a house fellow. * Now under consideration is afurther effort to develop interesting living in the dormitories by appointing one or more members of thefaculty, non-resident "associates" for each house.Let me summarize our aims for our two new dormitories by quoting a statement made at the dedicationof Windham House last autumn."What is an ideal dormitory? It is a place to stretchone's mind and to help it grow, by long hours ofreading and thinking, and by stimulating talk withcongenial friends; a place to make friendships that willlast, with a basis of common thoughts and experiences,with generous give and take; a place for play and forhappy fun; for the thoughtful solitude that gives serenityand keeps one in touch with one's sources of inspiration; a place, in short, to make happy and worthy members of the college community and of the communitiesto which they will go."What are the features of this Windham House thathelp attain the ideal? Living rooms with beauty andcomfort where students can enjoy meetings with eachother and with outside friends, young and old; a colorful and quiet dining room for friendly association threetimes a day; books in the living room for all, in thestudents' rooms for the individual; music— piano, vic-trola, radio; games in the game room; students' rooms-singles and suites, where they can be sociable or alone,can work or play; sunshine, color, lovely views, shrubsand trees and flowers near at hand."A TIROLEAN ADVENTUREDrama Study on The Continent• By LUCILE HOERR CHARLES, '30I AM thinking of a little town in the Austrian Tirol.The walls of the houses are white, save wherepictures of saints and heroes color them. Carvedwooden window boxes are tumbled full of unbelievablyhuge and vivid flowers: begonias, hydrangeas, geraniums bigger than I have ever seen them before. Thestreets, except for the main highway, are steep, narrowand crooked, dotted with wayside shrines, crossed bywooden troughs containing sparkles of mountainstreams. I am thinking of the valley in which the tinyvillage is set: a green valley, with a wild stream, coveredwooden bridges, fields occupied by armies of haysticks,and smoothly groomed forests sweeping up to stoneand snow. I am remembering Friedl and Kathie andHans and all the friends I made in the village, whoinvited me to their homes, took me into the fields tohelp rake hay, let me learn to milk their cows, sharedthe quiet beauty of their lives with me. Village friendsdressed in full peasant dresses, gorgeously embroideredon gala days; or in buck-skin shorts, woven and embroidered jackets, red embroidered suspenders, magnificently embossed leather girdles, and wide felt hatstrimmed with sweeping cock feathers. And the inevitable, slightly wilted alpine roses and edelweissstuck in the hatband. Those Tirolean hats! I rememberonce on a warm festival day when the village band hadtaken off all its hats and hung them in an apple tree.The tree looked as though a flock of brilliant birds hadgone to roost.Of the thousand attractions of Oetz which I canreminisce about so sentimentally, as all of the Americanswho go there do reminisce, I believe, there are severalwhich I gloat over for professional as well as personalreasons. These are the theatres where our Americanstudents gave performances. The outdoor theatre, in aluscious green clover meadow surrounded on all sidesby high mountains. A perfect little amphitheatre, witha stage, electric lights, and built-up rampart at theback. Here we made our debut in an adaptationof Capek's "The Life of the Insects," rehearsingalways for what amounted to a children's matinee:the village children with their braids and croppedheads, peasant dresses, and perhaps knitting longsocks, and perhaps stopping with a pailful of wildstrawberries to sell for half a shilling if we cared tobuy.And Herr Anzelini's Inn, where we gave our secondperformance, an American play this time, E. P. Conkle's"Sparkin'," coupled with one of the "Affairs of Anatol."Performed for an audience which sat at tables, drinkingbeer. The village swains sitting at the rear of the roomand as usual all drinking out of one huge glasspitcher. And crowned by the presentation at theend of the play of a big wreath of cabbage leaves,carrots, beets, and roses, by chuckling Herr Anzelinihimself. Inspired by our success we decide to invade Habichen,the next town, a half hour's walk away. Arrangementsare completed for a performance at Cafe Baumann ofthe famous coffee, and Schlagrahm-und-Himbeeren, noless. We add Dunsany's "A Night at an Inn" to ourbill. We rehearse diligently in our wing of the hotel.We grumble, and shriek, and kill off bodies one by one,they providing themselves with sofa cushions to reston. The hotel office sends in to request no more screaming: the guests from Amsterdam are nervous. We moveour rehearsal outdoors under a clear, sunny sky, whiteclouds overhead. The next day it rains and we holdline rehearsals in the open air booths of Herr Anzelini'sGarden. The third day we go on a long hike up thevalley; at noon we sit by a great waterfall and cue ourselves again. We go to Habichen for a rehearsal. Enroute a thunder shower comes up. Straggling membersof the cast find themselves marooned in various shrinesand barns along the road, but tramp valiantly on whenthe storm is ended and rehearse around the supper tableat Cafe Baumann. We rehearse the scenes five or sixtimes over till their rhythm asserts itself and the performance begins to shape up. The play we have givenbefore needs care to prevent overconfidence; the newplay needs authority and verve. The kitchen staff troopsin to watch "Die Amerikaner." A dozen children outside press their noses against the window pane. A bril-* liant panel of open mouths and sparkling eyes. Onewishes one could paint it and take it home forever.It is the day for performance. We set out in the lateafternoon carrying nose-bag lunches from the hotel. Itis drizzling again, but we know that the entire VillageDramatic Group is coming rain or shine and the showmust go on. A final rehearsal— an unusually bad one.Steady rain. By 9:15 the rain has stopped and theaudience has assembled. Twenty perhaps of the TheaterVerein. An equal number of children. A group ofpeasant women, two tourists, Englishmen. So the evening begins.Detailed narration of the story in German by a member of the College staff. Someone rings the cowbelLJay removes some spectator's hat and coat and umbrellafrom the corner of the room which serves as the stage.He turns out the lights, lights the one candle. Thecharacters enter. "A Night at an Inn," given really atnight, in an inn, on no stage but in a room holdingalso the spectators, as intimate and cruel a test for theacting as could be devised. The one candle flickers.The spell is woven. The play is on. Raw amateurs,drilled for a week of hard though joyful rehearsing, riseto the challenge of the audience's deep expectant mood.Surpass themselves. Break the records of their own experience.Intermission. Two villagers twang away merrily onthe zither and guitar.247248 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEGerman explanation of the second play. Then thecomedy "Sparkin'." An unalloyed riot. As Jack said,"They laughed at all the right places as if they understood what was said." Amazing how the pantomimetells and how the play builds up. Gaining of coursefrom contrast with the preceding play.The guitar player asks if the play can be had inGerman, and suggests our visiting the next village,Sautens, with it. His brother owns the inn there. Weare thrilled.Afterward, singing, eating, drinking and dancing.Our students sing American negro spirituals. TheTheater Verein responds with Tirolean songs. Theygive us a Schuhplattler dance. They walk home to Oetzwith us down the pitch dark road, the mountains standing up like black cardboard in silhouette against ajewelled sky, and the town a fling of warm lights belowand climbing up the steeps. The madman of a streamcrashing loudly in the night.In AnticipationThese are some of the memories we gloat over. Thiscoming summer we shall add to them, visiting five littletowns up and down the valley. The Troupers of thePocono Study Tours which are perhaps better knownas the American Peoples College in Europe. We shallplay in inns and schoolhouses. The schoolhouse at Um-hausen has a charming little theatre, with a hand-wovencurtain in rainbow colors, woven by one of the peasantwomen in the town.I do not mention the fun and study of the other sevenand a half weeks of last summer's drama tour. I havespoken only of the two weeks in the College headquarters in Oetz-in-Tirol, where, in addition to specialized drama work, the students received an orientationcourse in current events, history, language, etc., in orderto understand the dramas they would see. Nor have Ieven touched upon the theatres we visited in five toeight different countries, depending on what route wetook; the theatrical personages we met, the wide rangeof performances we saw, from the most excellently professional to the humblest amateur. Nor do I discuss oursteady seeking for the relationship of theatre and life; the reactions of the theatre to the manners and moralsof various peoples for example, and to the present socialunrest.Analysis of production process; individual speechwork, etc., were part of the program as well. One longtime student has remained in Stockholm to study as theprotege of Gosta Ekman, the well-known Scandinavianactor. Another is remaining in London to write for theperiodicals and to write a new musical show. The program is flexible and follows the wishes and needs of thestudents, in accord with the plan of the American Peoples College. Nor are there examinations, credits ordegrees, nor is admission based on a college or highschool diploma. This is again in keeping with thePeoples College idea, which strives for "the increase ofone's own inner worth" and believes that a student'semotional and spiritual growth is as important as hisintellectual, and finds that these values cannot bemeasured by the conventional measures. Whereforethe American Peoples College, as a distinguishededucator has recently said, can devote itself wholly toeducation.I should perhaps add, since educators are increasinglyinterested in the Peoples College idea, and in the informality and naturalness of its approach, that the College is also non-profitmaking. For this reason it is ableto secure amazing reductions in steamship rates, railroad fares, and living accommodations, and, passing thesebenefits on to the students, is able to offer the least expensive combination of travel and study of which weknow. A nine and a half weeks trip for example, costsonly $397. Unbelievable until you try it and see foryourself, and enjoy the comfortable if not luxuriouscircumstances which most of us are having to get usedto at home anyway. The low cost means that studentslive in inexpensive pensions and private homes, andthereby come to know the real people of a country, notjust the facade seen by the ordinary tourist.It has been a rare privilege to be associated with aneducational experiment so wide of vision and so deepin social significance; to work in a theatre which in addition to being a delight in itself, is also a tool forindividual and social change.Rush Medical College Commencement WeekAlumni clinics in surgery, medicine, pediatrics, and neurology will be held in the forenoons of Friday, lune 8, andSaturday, lune 9, at Rush and in the Presbyterian and the County Hospitals, and those of dermatology and syphilis,ophthamology and oto-laryngology in the afternoons.The Alumni Banquet will be held Saturday night, lune, 9. The regular convocation will be held on Tuesday,lune 12. The American Medical Association meeting begins Monday, lune 11 and extends until Friday, lune 1$, andthe Commencement program of the College has been put forward to give its Alumni an opportunity to attend this inconjunction with their attendance at the American Medical Association meeting.The classes of 1884, 1894 and I9I4 will hold special reunions this year. The banquets of these various classes willbe held Friday, lune 8. Members of the classes will be notified of the place at a subsequent date.STRETCHING the dollarACROSS EUROPEThere may be, in fact we know there are,many in this land who have been planninga trip abroad for this summer and who arereally able to go, but — confusing and misleading rumors about foreign exchange rateshave left them hesitant and afraid at thethreshold of their great adventure! Thatis a pity, and just goes to show how abstractions about inflation, deflation, reflation, gold standards and such, can befuddlethe minds of citizens who only want toknow what they can get for their moneyin the way of a European vacation.As an answer to this legitimate query,American travel experts who have beenmaking contracts for 1934 tours of Europe,are giving assurances that, while the American dollar may have officially depreciatedin terms of European exchange, yet it willbe able to buy in general as much travelin Europe this year as ever before. Andif compared to 1926, President Roosevelt's"Year of Normalcy" it will buy even more !As a matter of fact, no one really caresabout rates of exchange. People don't buypounds sterling, francs, marks, liras, orwhat have you, with their money. Theybuy things. And the cost of these things haskept pace with the falling dollar.For instance, take steamship passage,usually the major item on a Europeantrip. Prices of steamship tickets remainunchanged, and, in comparison with former years are down 30%.The European railroads have announcedreductions varying from 20% to 50%,many of them quoting special excursionrates between tourist centers, which areexceptionally attractive.An investigation into hotel rates all overEurope indicates reductions as high as60%, with a general average of about 33%.Furthermore, the entire cost of a European vacation may be settled in advanceby buying and paying for the completetour on this side. Thus vacationists cangauge to within a few dollars of what acomplete tour abroad will cost this year.For instance, should you go abroad on acabin ship and stay in Europe three weeks,your entire round-trip this year wouldcost about $550. If you are more economically inclined, the same length and typeof tour, only using tourist class accommodations on shipboard, would cost you $460.Should you wish a longer, more comprehensive stay abroad, you can figure onadding the rate of $8 per day for theadditional time.To sum up, the European vacationist of1934 need not hesitate in fear of cheapdollars or high rates. The American dollarstill buys its full quota of rest, change ofscene, romance, recreation, culture and allthe things one travels for, whose realvalue is priceless. AU<£ is i^GHT'"Well," said Alice,smoothing her pinafore. "It seems thatthe family is havingquite an argumentabout going toEurope this year.""You can't go/7 saidthe Mad Hatter smugly. "Exchange rates are up and that letsyou down.""That's silly/7 said Alice. "Thingsdon't cost any more in Europe." ''Pounds, francs,liras/' snapped theMad Hatter. "Allthose things costmore.""But I don't wantthose things/' exclaimed Alice disgustedly. "I don't want to knowhow much a pound costs, but howmuch a room -and -bath costs inEngland . . . not how much a lirais, but how much train fare I haveto pay from Naples to Rome."We agree with Alice, for if you add together all the real items, the totalcost of a trip to Europe will be still less than living and travel on anycomparable scale anywhere in the world! The facts are that Cunardsteamship rates are down 30%, railroad rates abroad average 30% less,hotel costs are down 36% according to country. If you wish you may buyyour complete European Tour in American Dollars before you start andalso get the advantage of these reductions.As an example, a 30-day tour of Europe, crossing via Cunard CabinService, today will cost you 23% less than in 1926, President Roosevelt's"Year of Normalcy."Round-trip rates are as low as $234 Cabin, $188 Tourist. Your localagent or our nearest branch office will be glad to plan your individualitinerary. Send for special folder containing complete facts which proveEuropean travel cheaper in 1934-than in 1926.CUNARD LINE25 Broadway, New York• For 11 successive years Cunard and associated lines havecarried more passengers than any other line or group of linesTRICK IN TRIPSFind out why White Staris the Avenue to EuropeMAKE a sailing date with the ships somany seasoned seagoers know so well.Find out about the small fares and thebig times that will be yours on a greatWhite Star liner . ? . and now that youcan make that trip youVe been plan*ning for so long, be sure you pick theright ship for a joyous trip.From the very moment you strollaboard, you'll find yourself in a world ofocean luxury ... an empire of spaciousdecks, of hospitable public rooms, of stewards who delight to serve you as your shipcarries you swiftly, smoothly to Europe.World's largest ship The ship magnificentMAJESTIC OLYMPICDe luxe express service to Cherbourg & Southampton(NEW)GEORGIC BRITANNICLuxurious Cabin service to Galuay, Cobh & Liverpool$ 110 M TOURIST CLASS$220(UP.$158.Up»$841°p)First Class Cabin Class Third ClassFrom June 11 to July 9 rates are slightly higher.Liberal reductions in all classes for round trips.See your local agent. His services are free.¦MOnOOMiaMKIWHITE STAR LINEINTERNATIONAL MERCANTILE MARINE COMPANYMain Office: No. 1 Broadway, New York. Other Offices in Principal Cities. ONE AFTERNOON IN ROMERome is never seen in a day, but bymorning and afternoon trips for severaldays, and then the sight-seeing daysshould be followed by a week or two justbrowsing about the city.In one afternoon it is possible to startnear the Coliseum on the Appian Way, builtin 312 B.C. It was the queen of all ancientroads and early was threaded daily withtraffic for all the known eastern world.Its sides were flanked with the tombs of theScipios, Clodius, Milo, Livia, Seneca, andother illustrious Romans. Scipio Africanusin 201 B.C. entered Rome by this road,Cicero was welcomed here with honorson his return from exile in 57 B.C., theapostle Paul entered Rome over its pavements, and Titus after he had destroyedJerusalem was received with triumph alongthe Via Appia. This road was three hundred and fifty miles long, marked withthe earliest milestones. From it we come tothe Baths of Caracalla, and soon pass overthe ground where the Catacombs burrowbelow, till we reach the old Church of SanSebastian built by Constantine in a.d. 313,and then to the Belvedere, where is obtained a wonderful view over the RomanCampagna and of the Claudian aqueductswhich still supply Rome with water.A FAMOUS LONDON STREETThe average American may not quicklyrecognize in Pall Mall, the "Pell Mell"which the London policeman calls it, as hedirects him thereto. So far as can be learnedit was so called because the French gamePaille-Mail was first played here in thereign of Charles I. It was the first streetof London to possess a gas lamp, whichwas set up in 1807. It has had many famousresidents, among whom are found DanielDefoe of "Robinson Crusoe" fame, DeanSwift of "Gulliver's Travels," LaurenceSterne of the "Sentimental Journey," Gibbon the historian, Coleridge the poet, andCaptain Marryat, the novelist. Anne Old-field, the actress, was born here in 1683and Gainsborough the painter died herein i78SV-It was in "The Star and GarterTavern"" here, that the fifth Lord Byron,great-uncle of the poet, fought his famousduel with Mr. Chaworth. The dispute wasover the amount of game each had on hisestate, and fighting with sword across thedining table, Chaworth was mortallywounded. Lovers of the poet will recallthe romance of their descendants, whenMary Chaworth was all the world inByron's eyes.MONT ST. MICHELClose your eyes and go back in memory tothe wonderful castles that you first sawin your books of fairy stories. Instead ofthe moat and drawbridge, picture thefortress on a rocky isle towering nearlytwo hundred feet above the waves of thesea, cut off at high tide from all landinvaders. Around it cluster a few smallhouses and shops and on the rock foundations rises an Abbey founded in the yeara.d. 708, over twelve hundred years ago,with cloisters and sombre halls about it,and you have a picture of one of thestrangest and most impressive structuresin the world—Mont St. Michel off the coastof Brittany in France.LEYDEN, REFUGE OF LIBERTYHolland never erected a Statue ofLiberty at the entrance to its principalcity, but long before the American "land ofthe free and home of the brave," becameimportant on the map, Holland was theEuropean "Land of Liberty." At Leyden,on the so-called old Rhine, you can renewyour acquaintance with, the shrines mostnotable in the country's contribution tofreedom. Here John Robinson kept thelight of religious liberty burning and induced his parish of "pilgrim Fathers"to embark on the Mayflower in 1620. Hereis the "High School" started by William,Prince of Orange in 1575, which in a fewyears became the most famous Universityin Europe. Leyden is the only place onearth that ever refused to be exempt fromtaxation. When its prince in 1574 wantedto reward the inhabitants for their gallantconduct in a siege, he offered exemptionfrom taxes or a University. They chose aUniversity.HAD ADAM AND EVE BEEN IRISHThey say in Ireland that if Adam andEve had been Irish there would have beenno necessity to employ an angel with a fierysword to keep them out of the Garden ofEden, for they would have booked passageat once for old Ireland, and kept awayfrom Eden forever. Of course, every country would like to say that, but it is noteworthy that the Irish are the only onesthat do. They are enthusiastic about theirlovely little island. From the Giant'sCauseway to Blarney Castle, from beautiful Wicklow to the Lakes of Killarney,from Cashel of the Kings to the Paganand Christian attractions on the Aranislands, Ireland's full of excursions to filla summer. The way to "do" Europe is tovisit one country at a time each season, andIreland is the first on the map. Of course,if the Garden of Eden had been in Ireland,the whole world would have "lived happyever after," for there are no snakes inIreland to tempt the innocent.VENICE OF THE VIKINGSWhen Birger Jarl, or as we would say,Earl Birger, laid the foundations of thepresent city of Stockholm away back inthe year 1255, he was only thinking ofits impregnability, and its possible commercial advantages. He selected threeislands in the extensive watercourses whichconnect with Lake Malaren, behind a protecting barrier of hundreds of otherislands. Here the plundering pirate couldnot reach him. His policy of safety hastoday provided a city site which is one ofthe most beautiful in Europe, for the cityhas grown from the original center island,"the city between the bridges," as it iscalled, so as to cover a dozen islands. Inthe reign of Gustavus Adolphus, the architectural influences of Rome and Venicewere strongly reflected in the city, butwhenever you wander about "the city between the bridges," the narrow thoroughfares flanked by tall plaster buildings,all so similar, will recall the medievalisland metropolis of Birger Jarl. /foed&TALL THE WAY TO EUROPETOURIST CLASS113./204„One Way Round TripYOUR OWN SHIPSgive you what you want —when you want itIEAVE it to Americans to give their fel--* low-travelers exactly what they wantin economical Tourist Class — roomycabins, large and beautiful public rooms,air-conditioned dining rooms, indoortiled swimming pools, talking pictures,and low rates, too, on Uncle Sam's greatnew liners, the Manhattan and Washington,world's fastest cabin liners — largest shipsever built in America.Washington and Manhattan carry Cabin,Tourist and Third Classes — PresidentRoosevelt and President Harding carry Cabinand Third Classes— in weekly serviceto Cobh, Plymouth, Havre and Hamburg.For full information and reservations apply to yourlocal agent or your own graduate travel service.UNITED STATES LINESRoosevelt Steamship Company, Inc., General Agents— No. 1 Broadway, New York216 No. Michigan Ave., Chicago; 687 Market St., San FranciscoSCHEDULE OFSAILINGSNewS.S.WASHINGTONMay 9, June 6, July 4, Aug. 1NewS. S. MANHATTANMay 23, June 20, July 18, Aug. 15PRES. ROOSEVELTMay 2, May 30, June 27, July 25PRES. HARDINGMay 16, June 13, July 11, Aug. 8su m m e r T<vaTHE LIDO WAYAlliumSPECIAL CLASS — an ideal combination of luxury,privacy, economy — exists on'y on the REX and Conte diSAVOIA.Make the most of your Summer crossing.Enjoy the "Lido life" at its best on thegreat Lido Decks of Italian Liners. If speedis important, go on the REX, fastest linerafloat, or the Conte di SAVOIA, onlygyro-stabilized liner. For a more leisurelyvoyage choose the ROMA or AUGUSTUS,the original "Lido ships". Or take theSATURNIA or VULCANIA, notedCosulich liners, and enjoy as many as nineports en route! 1,000 miles or more ofadded cruising "east of Gibraltar", underglorious Summer skies, no matter whichvessel you select. Attractive rates for anytravel budget — in First Class, Special Classor "Tourist" !Write for illustrated literature to local agent or our nearest office. New York: t State Street; Philadelphia: 1601 WalnutStreet; Boston: 86 Arlington Street; Cleveland: 044 Arcade, Union Trust Budding; Chicago: 333 North Michigan Avenue;San Francisco: j86 Post Street; New Orleans: 1806 A merican Bank Building; Montreal: Architect Building, 1 133 BeaverHall Hill; Toronto: 159 Bay Street. TOURIST — includes entire former Second Class on theROMA, AUGUSTUS, SATURNIA, VULCANIA;specially designed quarters on the REX and Conte diSAVOIA. We take pleasure in announcingthe appointment of theGRADUATETRAVELSERVICE30 Rockefeller PlazaNew York Cityas travel headquarters for ourgraduates.You are urged to avail yourselfof thisFREE SERVICEIf you have not yet received the1934 GRADUATE TRAVELGUIDEAND MOTOR SUPPLEMENTwrite to them for your copy orfor an extra one if you desire it.ITALIA LINE OBERAMMERGAU OF THEPASSION PLAYf Already people are beginning to plan toattend the Passion Play at Oberammergau.The little village lies in the midst of theBavarian mountains, and from the momentyou arrive you feel that you have beentransported to a new world. The veryporter who shoulders your bag to yourvilla (as likely as not you will be lodgingwith Pontius Pilate, or St. John the Divine)has the face and flaxen curls of an angel,though in earthly form he wears the embroidered costume of these parts. As youwalk the streets you will meet with menand women who, for all you know, havestepped from the pages of the New Testament. Yet with all this there is not a hint ofartificiality, not a suggestion of anythingin the least theatrical. The performanceof their parts in the Passion Play is asnatural a part of the lives of these goodvillagers as are the wood-carving andpottery-making, or other humble craftswhich they pursue. Almost the entire population is engaged in their production."Make-up" is a thing unknown, and theflowing hair of the Christus and his disciples is in every instance the gift ofnature.THIRTY YEARS OF BLACKFRIARSTHE heart of the most sophisticated Chicagoalumnus will thaw, melt and dissolve itself intoan endless stream of affection for the Quadranglesat the announcement that Blackfriars, men's musicalcomedy organization, is celebrating on May 11, 12, 18,and 19, the thirtieth anniversary of its nativity. From1904 to 1934— we've got tradition, Hallelujah! Unlikeour cousins in the East whose educational trappingshave become worm eaten and dusty, Chicago alumnihave had too few opportunities to gather around anobject of affection like a fence or a tree and celebratethe day when it first saw the light. We of the prairiesare still airing our campus from the smell of freshpaint and drying plaster.But thirty years! Well, now, that's a long time.Thirty years ago the parents of most of the boys in thisyear's show, "Merger for Millions," written by Huntington Harris, Dulaney Terret and Henry Reese, had notyet discovered how much they had in common orthat two could live as cheaply as one. How little theyreckoned with the future is evidenced by the fact thatMrs. Hayden B. Harris (Lena Small, '04), mother of oneof the co-authors, was content to help along with other"best girls" and sisters in the making of costumes forthe initial performance of 1904, never dreaming of theundying fame that was to be hers by her giving to theworld a Blackfriar author.To those who feel that Blackfriars is using thirtyyears as a leitmotif only for its publicity value and whoclaim that in fact the organization was formed in 1 898—the year made memorable by A. A. Stagg and HenryGordon Gale's cavorting— it should be said that in thosedays before the N.E.P. (New Educational Policy),scholastic averages cut short the career of many a campusbig shot. Successive petitions to the administration fora charter were turned downbecause only three of thecharter members were eligible and it was not until1904 that Frank R. Adams,founder of an illustriousline of Abbots, succeededin convincing PresidentHarper that a study of der-rier presentment and anatomical curves would assistthe Friars in their legal andmathematical training.Indicating its closeness tothe 1890 tradition of gayburlesques, Blackfriars, thefirst decade of its existence, featured a series of The Coed Chorus From Whoop-te-do College, Where Every Ladyis a Perfect Gentleman • By SIDNEY HYMAN, '35roaring comedies, including "The Lyrical Liar" andthe "Pursuit of Portia." Reflecting an expanding interest in the life about, the period of 1914 to 1921 marks awider choice of subjects for dramatization. Beginningwith "The Student Superior" and ending with the"Machinations of Max," this period established theclassical age of the Blackfriar repertoire. And then camethe jazz age. Extravaganza. Blare and syncopation. Ageof Carroll, Ziegfield and White. And Blackfriars followed step with "Plastered in Paris" and "WhoaHenry."The change forced on all forms of social behavior bythe depression left its mark on Blackfriars as well. Lastyear's presentation, "Gypped in Egypt," marked a successful attempt to recapture the original freshness andradiant good fun that brought Blackfriars into being.And this year "Merger for Millions" takes another steptoward perfecting this tradition."Merger for Millions" has its main spring in the discussions arising out of the proposed Chicago and Northwestern merger. Whether the merger is consummatedor shelved, "Merger for Millions" has been written fromthe point of view of historical accuracy. The authorshave mirrored the campus with so perfect a focus as tomake the characters and issues involved intelligibleeven to the proverbial man from Mars. There is noMinsky burlesque here. There is no utilization ofvulgarity to evoke laughter. The show epitomizesundergraduate joy and impudence tempered with abasic respect for both Chicago and Northwestern's institutions and administration. It is current in topic,subtle in treatment, swift in action, and perfect in execution. Richard Henry Little, Claudia Cassidy and GeraldBently, in selecting the book, acclaimed it for its Gilbert and Sullivanesque style and bumptious humor.Bunny Hutch is recognized as President Hutchins. A. Dill Pickel ismanifestly Walter DillScott. Gerald Squiffed is acaricature of Harold Swift.Reverend Evans of the Chicago Tribune pops up asTwaddle. Dean Cutler ofthe Northwestern medicalschool bears the title of Mr.X. Lex, and then there arecaricatures of outstandingundergraduates with JohnBarden, Editor of the DailyMaroon, and Charles Tyroler, Editor of Comment,portrayed respectively asJ. P. Garden, and SunnyLogroller.249WHAT'S THE USEOf a Law School Alumni Association?MR. CHAIRMAN, Judge Evans, Dean Bigelowand fellow students. I say "fellow students"because at present I am enrolled in a courseon corporations being given by Professor Katz forpracticing lawyers at the University College, and if Ican pass a satisfactory examination at the end of thecourse I shall be entitled to a one-half major credit inthe Law School.*Of recent years Alma Mater has beer* grappling withthe problem of what to do for her alumni, and onegreat forward step has been taken in providing facilitiesfor alumni to secure football tickets to the big games.Could a tired business man or a tired housewife ask formore?But the Alumni Association of the Law School hasendeavored to discover other means by which AlmaMater could do something for her graduates. The results are shown in two principal activities— employmentand downtown classes for graduates.Consider the case of the proud graduate who goesforth with the laurels of victory on his brow, the blessings of the faculty on his head, and clothed with thetitle J.D., so that Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. He goes into the office of aleading firm of lawyers, and informs the head of thefirm that it will now be possible for that firm to availitself of the services of one of his broad experience, deepculture and intensive research. And then there followsa dull sickening thud.Is there anything the Law Association can do at thatsad juncture? Yes, there is. For about three years wehave been studying and working on the subject, andhave found out that certain definite things can be done.Some personal work has been done in the way of callingupon leading law firms of the city and asking them tocall upon the Dean for a man in case of a vacancy. Thishas resulted in a considerable number of inquiries, mostof which the Dean filled. Certain facilities in the wayof records, properly indexed, have been provided inthe Bureau of Vocational Guidance, of which the Deanwill have more to say later. We are determined to helpthe graduate find that missing law firm which needshim so badly.The Law School is doing its part. In fact the Dean'soffice, assisted by Professor Kent, the faculty memberassigned to the Employment Committee, is doing themajor part of the work, and thus in a definite wayAlma Mater is doing something for its alumni.The other conspicuous phase of Law School activityfor the benefit of alumni is found in the law classeswhich have been given for the last three years at theUniversity College down town. We felt that the practicing lawyers still need instruction in legal subjects.*Substance of a taVk given by Charles F. McElroy, President ofthe Law School Association, at the Annual Banquet and Smokerof the University of Chicago Law School, February 2, 1934. • By CHARLES F. McELROY, AM'06, JD'15We get into ruts, or our practice runs along narrowlimited lines. We need to be brought up to date on thedevelopments of the law, and instructors can learn agreat deal from us as to the way law is actually beingpracticed. In many cases the professor finds that thedecisions of the higher courts are three or four yearsbehind the times, because it takes about that many yearsfor a case which has been. tried in the lower courts tofind its way into the books of the reported decisions.The lawyers of today are not using the methods of threeor four years ago. The instructor thus has a chance tofind out something about law in the making.In the fall of 1931 we started with a class in taxationtaught by Professor Kent. We planned to limit theclass to twenty-five, but about thirty-five subscribed forit and we let them stay in. This was followed by Professor Katz in the winter in a course on some phase ofcorporations, at which forty-five attended. ProfessorBogert followed with a course in the spring on trusts.The next fall the classes grew remarkably. In thewinter quarter Professor Katz gave another course oncorporate reorganizations or something similar, whichwas attended by one hundred eighty practicing lawyers.This year the legislature played into our hands byenacting a new Civil Practice Act. We offered a courseon that subject in the fall taught by Professor EdwardW. Hinton of the Law School, with the result that threehundred and eighty persons took the course. Hundredsmore tried to get into the class but could not be accommodated. We could have had a class of one thousandif we could only have found a place to put them. Professor Hinton is repeating the class this quarter, andProfessor Katz has an enrollment of one hundred andthirty-eight in his course now being given on the newcorporation act.The big point about these courses is that they represent something entirely new. No law school before,so far as we can ascertain, has ever undertaken anythinglike it. This schopl is the absolute pioneer in givingclasses to practicing lawyers. And why not? We havedemonstrated that the practicing lawyers want this sortof instruction, and will support such classes. We arefinding that the Law School is not merely for the purpose of preparing students to begin to practice law. Itis also for the purpose of teaching those who practicelaw how to practice it better. The law school in thefuture will not be something which to the gratuate isa mere memory growing fainter and fainter with years,but it is and will be a continuing influence in his activecareer.Incidentally other law schools are seeing the point.Several of the downtown law schools also offered coursesin the New Practice Act, and are giving other courses atthe present time. But we, the pioneer, have left themall far behind, both in the caliber of the instruction andin the response on the part of the lawyers.250IN MY OPINION• By FRED B.SINCE reformers are notoriously controversial, thereis no occasion for astonishment in the discoverythat the poetic innovators of the war and postwar years were at daggers drawn with all the othercamps of poetic rebels.* But the tumult and the shouting accompanying the literary controversies of cults andcliques are notoriously brief in duration, and, after thedust has settled, it becomes possible to distinguish thelines of conflict and something of the net gains andlosses from literary bloodshed.Allied to imagism in certain technical respects buthistorically unrelated to it is much of the work of EdithSitwell and her brothers Sacheverell and Osbert. Inthe work of all three there is a marked reliance on somenew and startling image to carry the burden of thepoem's effect, and in all three, there is an indirectionin the statement of the poem's idea that suggests theiroutspoken antipathy to the moralizing precepts of theVictorians and the Georgians. They are akin, too, intheir preference of complexity to simplicity, of arrogance to humility, of astringency to expansiveness. Toeach of them, artifice and whatever age of culture suggests artifice,— the eighteenth century, the commedia dell'arte, formal gardens, costumes, and manners,— are enticement and assuagement from the dully decorous. Ofthe three, the poetry of Edith is the most individual andvital. By an almost constant utilizing of the effects ofsynesthesia,— the associations of visual sensations withauditory, or tactual sensations with visual, etc.,— shecontrives to create a hard brittle world that has something of the unreal theatrical quality of the world ofRousseau le douanier. Her view of the world, moreover, is more tangible than that of her brothers, the viewof a precocious and perverse child, driven back fromthe pasteboard unrealities of the adult world to the un-smitten citadel of childhood. In Sacheverell, there ismore enthusiasm, less artificiality, and less wilful experimentation with epithet. He is less appalled by thestupidity of contemporary life than Osbert, more contentwith the grandiose exuberance of the Baroque. In Osbert, the Sitwellian astringency is at its height; he is thefamily's appointed satirist, but he is peevish rather thanstalwart in his somewhat picayunish flaying of dowdi-ness and mediocrity, though the elegiac note of EnglandReclaimed marks a closer, though still fastidious, approach to common humanity.Less precious than the Sitwells but equally sure ofthemselves are such conscientious rebels as Roy Campbell and Robert Graves, alike only in their contempt formost of their poetic contemporaries and in the arrogancewith which they pursue their individual development.Of the two, Campbell is the less noteworthy, for theviolence of his epic imagery and the forced exuberanceof his imagination give him_the false magniloquence ofa hardy provincial who sees it as his mission in life to* The following excerpts form part of a critical survey to appear in the forthcoming edition of Manly and Rickert's Contemporary British Literature. MILLETT, PhD'31, Associate Professor of Englishreplace the effete by the devastatingly energetic primitive. The case of Graves is a more difficult one. Hisnature has ever been un-British and contrary, but hisearlier poems, with their ingenious fancy and engagingwit, hardly prepared one for his later flight toward themetaphysical. His later poetry moves in the directionpointed out by Eliot, that is to say, toward abstraction,subjectivity, and obscurity. It suggests the convictionthat poetic communication with his co-worker, LauraRiding, is more important than communication withthe world.Equally disdainful of an easy communicativeness isT. S. Eliot, who, at the moment, is the most considerableinfluence on contemporary poetry. For the conventionalreader, the obstacles to the complete appreciation andadmiration of Eliot's poetry are two: the unresolved discords in the mood and tones of his poetry and the constant and esoteric nature of the literary and culturalreferences in almost every poem. To understand thereason for the presence of these elements is to come somewhere near the center of his poetic purpose. The dissonances, the bitterness and barrenness, the astringencyof mood, everywhere present in Eliot's work (exceptperhaps in the wistful fluttering toward faith in AshWednesday), are the reactions of a sensitive nature tothe spiritual impoverishment, the relativistic and philosophical chaos of the modern world. So dishearteningis experience, so hostile is life to the preservation of anelevated or consolatory or romantic mood that his poetrymust needs attempt a synthesis of the sordid and sublime, the bestial and the spiritual, the desperate andthe resigned. And this mood of Eliot's is not merely anend-product of the contemporary state of affairs; theesoteric allusions, the richnesses and intuitions, thehorrors and ecstasies of earlier cultures supply overtonesto the theme of contemporary desperation. With thesedifficulties comprehended, the work of Eliot becomes,not merely more intelligible, but more significant. Hereis the modern consciousness at its most conscious, expressing itself with no compromise, without sentimentor softness, in a mode that combines wit and imagination, flashes of the grand style and studied banality. ButThe Waste Land, his most ambitious work, with all itspowerful projection of the desolate and barren, remainsa notable failure in artistic communication; only abjectdisciples will lavish on it the amount of study which nocontemporary poem has the right to demand. It is inhis lyrics, both early and late, that what Eliot has to say,reaches his reader without wilful and unnecessary impediments.Though less successful than John Donne in synthesizing contradictory moods, Eliot, like his master,is experiencing the sensation of being in his own lifetime the founder of a tradition. It is natural that newlyemergent English poets should not manifest Eliot's richand matured culture. But his satirical spirit, his hatred(Continued on page 260)251NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES• By JOHN P. HOWE/27ONE of the University's long-range ambitions isto make its library the Middle West's greatrepository for the materials of social and humanistic research. This ambition took impetus in 1927when Llewellyn Raney became a major acquisition to thelibrary, as its director, and again in 1929 when Frederick Kuhlman, who had been head of the sociology department at the University of Missouri, came to the Midway as associate director in particular charge of the socialscience materials.Last month Dr. Raney was able to announce that thelibrary has become a chief center for study of the life ofAbraham Lincoln. He disclosed the acquisition of threecollections of Lincolniana, one of them the importantand extensive collection made by the late Dr. WilliamE. Barton."These acquisitions make of the University one of fivechief Lincoln libraries in the United States," Dr. Raneysaid in making the announcement. The others henamed as the Library of Congress, the Huntington Library at Pasadena, Brown University, and the LincolnNational Life Insurance Co., at Fort Wayne, Indiana.To celebrate the event, the Friends of the Library, anenthusiastic group of Chicagoans who are abetting theUniversity's ambition, met at International House tohear addresses by three distinguished Lincolnists: Professor William E. Dodd, American ambassador to Germany, and author of "Lincoln or Lee?"; Carl Sandburg,poet and author of "Abraham Lincoln— the PrairieYears," and of "Mary Lincoln, Wife and Widow"; andLloyd Lewis, author of "Myths After Lincoln." Governor Henry Horner, an ardent Lincoln scholar, who, withOliver Barrett, had appraised the Lincoln collectionsfor the University, was also to have participated in thecelebration, but could not.The Barton collection contains, in addition to 4,000volumes of general historical character and of specificreference to Lincoln, a mass of thousands of items ofresearch interest."Dr. Barton had a most active and highly respectedcareer as a Lincolnist," Dr. Raney said. "He travelledpainstakingly over the Lincoln country, and made himself the final authority on the Lincoln lineage. Hewrote voluminously and at the time of his death in 1930he had brought to virtual completion his posthumouslypublished "President Lincoln," in two volumes. Othersof his more extended works dealing with Lincoln included "The Paternity of Abraham Lincoln"; "The Soulof Abraham Lincoln"; "The Life of Abraham Lincoln";"The Women Lincoln Loved"; "Abraham Lincoln andWalt Whitman"; "The Lineage of Lincoln" and "Lincoln at Gettysburg.""His collection provided the raw materials fromwhich, these volumes and a score of other contributionswere constructed. His full apparatus comes along withthe collection, including upwards of a hundred boundvolumes of note and scrap-books, his letter file, andseveral shelves of large manila envelopes packed with clippings and other items and documents relating toLincoln."There are also hundreds of prints, portraits, andcartoons of Lincoln and his contemporaries; severalvolumes of contempory newspapers; 7 volumes bearingthe autograph of John Hay, his secretary; a volume ofletters written by Mrs. Mary Todd Lincoln; 71 volumesclaimed to have formed a part of the Lincoln andHerndon law library; a volume of legal documents,many in Lincoln's hand writing; and a small collectionof "realia," articles of personal or domestic use in theLincoln family.The other Lincoln collections announced by Dr.Raney are called the Oldroyd and the Hannah collections. The Oldroyd papers, the residue of " the lateOsborn Oldroyd's collection not sold to the nationalgovernment, is a miscellaneous lot of Civil War newspapers, clippings, prints, pamphlets and relics, the letter-books of Mr. Oldroyd, and a few other books, the wholefilling sixteen cases. The main value of the collectionlies in the newspapers, Dr. Raney said, especially theConfederate issues. Mr. Oldroyd began collecting whilehe was still in the Army and so anticipated all othercollectors.The Hannah collection, secured from Mr. AlexanderHannah of Chicago, consists of nine representativeLincoln manuscripts, as follows:1 A leaf from a school exercise book in Lincoln'shand.2 The earliest known business document signed byLincoln, a promissory note dated October 30th, 1832.3 A two page brief written by Lincoln in a promissorynote suit.4 One of the very few existent manuscript lettersfrom Lincoln to his wife, three pages, dated from Washington, July 2, 1848, while Mrs. Lincoln was visitingin Kentucky before joining him at the Capitol.5 A joint letter to Lincoln from his father and hishalf-brother, Dec. 7, 1848, soliciting money; Lincoln'sreply to which is in the Huntington library.6 Lincoln's chief political letter, written to an inquiring group of Californians on February 14, i860, preceding the Republican convention, and quoting the mainpassages of his chief political speech— the "house divided" address.7 One of the excessively rare copief of the Emancipation Proclamation bearing the signatures of Lincolnand Seward and the attestation of Nicolay.8 A letter of Jan. 2, .1864, from Lincoln to Maj. Gen.Butler, dealing with the discharge of prisoners at PointLookout.9 A letter signed but not written by Lincoln, thanking Isaac Fenno, a Chicago merchant, for an overcoatsent as a New Year's gift, January, 1861.Selected items from the three collections were placedon public exhibition at Wieboldt hall from April 23rdto May 1st.The collections are to be housed in a separate room252THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 253of the library. Part of the purchase price came as aspecific gift to the University from donors who preferredto remain anonymous. The Barton family has returnedto the University $5,000 of the purchase price of theBarton collection to be used as the nucleus of an endowment for the maintenance of the collection.The Barton collection is regarded as the greatest inthe particular field of Lincoln's genealogy. Documentsincluded contain positive proof of Lincoln's legitimacy,which had been disputed, and one document regarded ascrucial in the question of the legitimacy of Lincoln'smother. Also included is a transcript of court proceedings relating to the sanity of Lincoln's wife.Among several items the validity of which must bedetermined is a note in Lincoln's hand, written toGeneral Grant just before Lee's surrender, which reads,"City Point, April 7, 11 a.m., 1865— Gen. Sherman says,'If the thing is pressed I think that Lee will surrender.'Let the thing be pressed." One other copy of this message exists, and it is believed that the Chicago copy waswritten as a souvenir for the messenger.The University of Chicago is fourth among Americanuniversities in its annual expenditures for books,despite a depression reduction in the appropriation. Itsambition is boundless, however, and extends far beyondthe accumulation of books, and into the field of maps,newspapers, public documents, serials, motion pictures.Among its collections in the field of American history(apart from the exhaustive sources for the study ofAmerican drama, and of many public documents) arethe Durrett Collection of Kentucky newspapers, 1856-1913; the Boggs-Lyle Collection^ of Kentucky newspapers, 1803-1861; the English collection relating to theNorthwest Territory; the Civil War correspondence ofArchbishop Hughes, in transcript and photostat; theFielding Lewis Collection of Southern plantation account books; the private papers of Wyndham Robertson, Southern leader before the War and one-time governor of Virginia; collections of colonial newspapers andof material relating to the history of the church on theexpanding frontier.Director Raney is already planning the Lincoln roomon the first floor of that hoped-for new Library building.HONORS-OF-THE MONTHPublished last month at the Wistar Institute in Philadelphia was a hefty volume dedicated to C. JudsonHerrick, honoring his 25 years of service to the University of Chicago and to the cause of science in thefield of anatomy. The book comprises two volumes of"The Journal of Comparative Neurology," which Dr.Herrick helped to found, of which he was managingeditor for 23 years, and member of the editorial boardfor 38 years. Thirty-three contributors, nearly everyAmerican important in this field, and seven from abroad,nine of the group being former students of Dr. Herrick,wrote of their latest researches in the dedicated volume.Dr. Herrick's career is in the finest tradition of theUniversity. Seldom in the headlines, he has devoted hislife to the exploration of a field in which he pioneered,and in which he remains internationally acknowledgedas pre-eminent. His field is the study of the evolution ofthe cerebral hemispheres and the relation of the centralnervous system to behavior. His Ph.D. thesis was thefirst comprehensive analysis of the cranial nervous system. A moot question in the scientific world is thatof publishing results. One school of thought holds thatinvestigators should publish a running fire of results,reporting work in progress, with the expectation that alarge proportion of the findings will be demolished in adecade or so. Dr. Herrick belongs to the other school.Chary of print, he has shelved more papers than he haspublished; but his publications stand the test of time.Shortly to appear is his exhaustive analysis of theamphibian brain, the result of a lifetime of work.In his early years at Dennison University, Dr. Herrickpersonally financed the Journal, sometimes helped toset up type, learned color engraving when the use ofcolor plates became necessary. To most alumni he isbest known for two semi-popular books, "The Brainsof Rats and Men" and "The Thinking Machine."Also honored was Professor Paul Douglas, whosevolume, "The Theory of Wages," was awarded the$5,000 prize offered by the Hart, Schaffner and MarxCo. for a book on that subject. Professor Douglas isback on the campus after a sojourn in Washington inconnection with his duties as Director of Economic Information for the NRA.Also honored: by the French government, and withthe Legion of Honor, Professor Henri C-E. David, forhis 32 years of service as a member of the Department ofRomance Languages; by the Democratic voters of theFifth Senatorial District, Professor T. V. Smith, with thenomination for the state assembly; by Oxford University, Professor Arthur H. Compton, with appointment as Eastman Visiting Professor for the autumn andwinter of the next academic year.SleepMeeting in Chicago last week, the American Collegeof Physicians heard many papers by University ofChicagoans. Back in 1927 the University's decision toerect hospitals on the Midway, doing clinical work witha research orientation, was regarded as an experiment.The young men of that original staff seem to have justified the experiment, for their papers were clearly amongthe best presented at the week-long sessions. One of themost brilliant single pieces of work done in the Clinicshas been that of Dr. Oswald Robertson, who was firstto succeed in inoculating experimental animals withpneumonia, and has followed that necessary step withfundamental work on the pathology of the disease.Most interesting to laymen in the week's discussionwas the work of Professor Nathaniel Kleitman, Midwayphysiologist who has been analyzing diurnal rhythmssince 1922.Efficiency does not hit its peak for most humans untilsome hours after they get out of bed, according to Dr.Kleitman. Experiments in the physiology of sleep haveshown that the greatest efficiency of different individualsmay range from 10 in the morning until evening.Human sleeping in long periods is a habit that has tobe learned. The sleep of lower animals and babies isdirected by a primordial center which works on a cycleunrelated to day or night. The infant gradually substitutes cortical activity for the original cycle, learningto sleep and be awake in longer periods.Bodily temperature is related both to sleep and efficiency, according to Dr. Kleitman's studies. Diurnal254 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtemperature is highest in the afternoon and lowest sometime in the early morning, but by inverting sleep habits,slumbering in the day time and being awake in the night,an individual's temperature range also can be inverted.Body temperature may be a function of muscletension. Merely by lying down, an individual maylower his temperature by one or one and one-half degrees Fahrenheit.In the first half of the night the sleeper's temperaturefalls, and in the second half of the sleep period it rises,the data recorded by elaborate apparatus show. Movements of the sleeper increase in number during thelatter part of the period.Dr. Kleitman has records of the body temperaturesand movements on 12 subjects for a total of 200 nights.The sleepers, most of them graduate students, did anaverage of from three to five minutes of moving duringan 8-hour sleep. They ranged from 11 to 27 "major"movements, such as a complete turn, and 11 to 34"minor" movements, such as movement of a limb, during a night's sleep. Temperature and number of movements vary with the seasons, he found, both being decreased in the late fall and winter.Subjects who were given comparatively heavy dosesof alcohol before going to sleep showed a marked fallin temperature when first asleep, and a total lack ofmovement for the first hour or so, but later the temperature rose above normal, as did the number of movements. The caffein in three or four cups of coffeeproduced in the sleeper a higher temperature in thefirst period of sleep than did alcohol, and considerablymore motility.Movements probably result from the sleeper's becoming tired of each successive position. Alcohol, since itdecreases sensitivity, at first decreases the urge to move;but in the latter part of the night, when the urge to movebecomes more marked, the sleeper has tired of all thepositions and turns frequently. The position assumedwhen going to sleep should suit individual convenience,and not follow any rule, Dr. Kleitman says.Accuracy and speed in doing work varies with thesubject's temperature, rising with the temperature.There is no uniformity between various individuals asto when they hit their peak of temperature and efficiency. Some of the subjects tested showed greaterperfection in their tasks at 11 o'clock at night, after along day, than they did when they got up the nextmorning.The curve of body steadiness follows the temperatureline, being best when the temperature is at its highest,and lowest at the time of arising and late at night.Individuals who have regular habits of sleep show asmoother curve for the diurnal rhythm of muscle tension, the experiments showed. Sleep is not induced, Dr.Kleitman's study proved, by any poisons given off inthe body, but by the individual's own muscular activity. NotesMrs. James Nelson Raymond of Chicago, whose giftsto the University in the last several years have totalled$225,000, last month added $32,000 to her benefactions,$27,000 to be used to endow the James Nelson RaymondFellowship in the Law School, $5,000 to be added to thegeneral loan fund. . . . Kenneth Rouse, captain of theMaroon football team in 1927, and since then fieldrepresentative for the University, accepted appointmentas Manager of Public Services for the TVA town ofNorris, Tenn., his chief duties being those of police andfire chief for the new town and for the Norris dam.Rouse has planned since his student days under Professor Vollmer to make a career of public administration, and the present opportunity was conceded to be agood one. He polled 31,000 votes in the recent Republican primary for Sheriff of Cook County, runningthird, which was an excellent showing in view of the factthat he was without organization support. . . . Still onemore college, Olivet, in Michigan, has decided to adoptthe major features of the University of Chicago's NewPlan. . . . Professor Maud Slye, famous for her researchon cancer, last month published a volume of verse,"Songs and Solaces." . . . Shailer Mathews, long-timeDean of the Divinity School, returned to the campusfrom India, where he gave the Barrows lectures thiswinter, looking many years less than his seventy. . . .Two more distinguished German scholars have beengiven visiting professorships at the University; Dr. FranzWeidenreich, eminent biologist of the University ofHeidelberg, in the departments of anatomy and anthropology, and Professor Hans Rosenberg, astronomer ofthe University of Kiel, pioneer in the use of the photoelectric cell in stellar research, in astronomy at YerkesObservatory. . . . Additions to government service during the month (bringing the total faculty representationto 32) were Theodore Yntema and James Young of theSchool of Business, the former in the Research Divisionof NRA, the latter on the Committee on Indian affairs. . . . Secretary of Agriculture Wallace's new book,"America Must Choose," is based in large part on threelectures he gave at the University in March. . . . President Hutchins, who rated front pages because of a recentdecision of his Regional Labor Board, has givenaddresses at the University of Virginia, AndoverAcademy, etc., on "The Issue in Higher Education" during the month, has agreed to a new custom, which callsfor him to make a speech to the students under theauspices of the Daily Maroon every spring, reportingon the state of the Univefsity. . . . Spring quarter enrollment is up 1.54% over last spring. . . . Sir ArthurEddington packed the University Chapel twice duringthe month for two talks, one on "The Expanding Universe" (with which 'some of Chicago's scientists do nothold), the other on "Science and Philosophy," episte-mology with a Berkeley an twist.ATHLETICSScores of the MonthBaseballChicago, 3; Armour Tech, 7Chicago, 4; Western St. Tchrs., 8Chicago, 18; Chicago Normal, 3Chicago, 14; Notre Dame, 12TennisChicago, 6; Elmhurst, oChicago, 7; North Central, oTHE spring sports schedule is just getting underway, but down on LaSalle Street some of thealumni appear to think the corn is in the shock.There is much jubilation, premature not only in timebut in fact, over the prospects for that long-delayedchampionship football team. Graduates who fancythemselves as realists in finance and law cast off all restraint of values when they hear via their fraternityhouses some badly distorted reports about the team.It must be said that the squad which is now engaged onthe toil of fundamentals is almost unbelievably able incomparison to recent Chicago musterings of footballtalent. The players are unusually large and robust andthey have agility and aptitude. The sight of several 200pounders in maroon jerseys all at once seems to be thefoundation for all this gleeful expectation. Optimismoverlooks the fact that at Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio,and various other institutions of higher learning200 pounders are taken for granted. How well saltedwith football sense this Chicago squad is remains to betested next fall. Those old Chicago lines that madeMaroon fullbacks famous in the early twenties— Har-tong, Redmon, Reber, McGuire, Crisler, Strohmeier,Lewis, Greenebaum, and the rest— had something morethan heft. They were New Plan students of football,who could do their own thinking on the field, and relyon their own resources. This current group may beable to do that also, but the assumption is not one tobe made casually. Nor is it inferring that the boys aredumb to point out that there is still the hurdle of theJune comprehensives. The squad did remarkably welllast year in the matter of scholastic eligibility, and sothe slight matter of eligibility is being ignored in thecalculations at this time. The athletes around here aregenerally intelligent young men, and their winterquarter advisory grades were satisfactory on the whole,but again it is a large assumption that all of them willbe available next autumn.Coach Shaughnessy occasionally drops his attitude ofprofessional caution long enough to admit that this isa promising group— "but.— " He has refused to take forgranted that either the experienced players or thefreshmen know the fundamentals, and he has been emphasizing the basic elements of individual play ratherthan formations. The Chicago team will be bettergrounded next autumn than it was last. Mr. Shaughnessy has an excellent group of assistants: Otto Strohmeier for the ends; "Marchy" Schwartz, Julian Lopez, • By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20, JD '22and Nelson Norgren for the various aspects of back-field work; Sam Horwitz for the guards. CoachShaughnessy himself is working with the line.Schwartz's main job is that of teaching backfield technique and he seems to be doing an excellent job. Healso is giving all the players with whom he worksexercises in football thinking.Mr. Shaughnessy apparently has high opinion ofMerritt Bush, the big tackle. Ed Cullen, the leadingquarterback candidate, has improved greatly thisspring, and now acts like a backfield player, rather thana center in the backfield, as he did occasionally last season. Nyquist has come along appreciably; RainwaterWells, the end who was moved into the backfield isdoing very well there. Such men as Pokela and Goldwill be of real value next season, and Marynowski israpidly becoming a contender for a position. GordonPeterson, who has moved over to end, and Bob Perretz,who shifted to the wing position from guard, probablywill continue there. Kendall, a big lineman who wasof no value last year, has attracted the favorable attention of Shaughnessy. Bob Deem will be the first choice inthe line until some one else who is very good comesalong, and Ell Patterson, the lightweight center, is holding his own with athletes on the squad who outweighhim a good forty pounds. Although "Father" Pattersonis the No. 3 man on the tennis team, he is making practice regularly and he is the hardest working captain andthe one with most authority that Chicago has had inyears. Among the freshmen, Sam Whiteside, a 200pound center or tackle, is the standout. Ned Bartlett,a fast backfield man has lots of promise, but he is verygreen. Skoning, a fullback prospect; Meigs, lineman;Martin, a husky half, and a short little 160 pounder,Adolph Schuessler, a good tackier and squirming typeof runner, are other freshmen who are prominent in thework. Many of the varsity men, including Flinn, Smith,Langley, Baker, and Berwanger, are not participating inthe practice.The baseball team has not been hitting as heavily inthe early games as it was expected to do, and its fieldinghas been wobblier than it should be, with the playersshowing a tendency to crack in the tight spots. In theirrecent games, however, the ball players give indicationof continued improvement in hitting, but they have notyet shown much promise of improvement on defense.The batting order at present has Wehling, left field;Berkson, right; Levin, center; Haarlow, short; Comer-ford, third base; Cochran, second; Thompson, first;Offill, catcher; Lanford, Novak, Yedor, and Laird, pitchers. Haarlow, Thompson, and Cochran are the onlysophomores outside the pitching staff, on which Laird,Yedor, and Novak are newcomers. Levin and Haarlowhave been hitting hard, and Wehling has come with arush. Offill is first rate as a catcher and both Lanfordand Novak have pitched excellent games. The onlychange that is likely is at second base, where Lewis, in-(Continued on page 260)255WHAT THE VOTER SHOULD KNOWAbout Alumni Association CandidatesOFFICERS for positions in theCollege Alumni Associationare being elected by Magazine ballot this month. On the lastpage of this issue you will find aballot listing the candidates, andspecifying the qualifications of voters.One of the qualifications of the intelligent voter, as everyone knows, isa knowledge of the candidates, theircharacters and records.The Magazine, while not a political journal, is willing, nay, glad, toendorse the characters of all candidates, and to state without hesitationthat all are more than competent tohandle the duties to which theyaspire. The research of your editorsinto the past of each one has revealedthat each has taken a signal interestin undergraduate affairs and haskept up that interest in the form ofloyal alumni support since collegedays. To list the offices held and clubmemberships of each would onlyserve to make specific at great lengththe general qualifications we haveguaranteed.For PresidentDonald Trumbull, '97, a lawyer,with offices at 134 S. LaSalle Street,has been as active an alumnus as hewas an undergraduate. The collegecareer that was marked by his interest in debating and class politics andhis membership in class societies hasproved a prelude to his services asan alumnus, as one of the foundersand contributors of the Alumni GiftFund.Howell Murray, '14, took part in agreat variety of worthy undergraduate efforts, from Blackfriars to politics. He set his seal of approval onUniversity products by marrying oneof them, Elizabeth Sherer, '14. Heis now vice president of A. G. Beckerand Company, and a director of theParker Pen Company. He presidesover the District School Board ofHighland Park, the village wherein he lives, at 31 N. Linden Ave.For vice president we have twocandidates, May Rose Freedman, '19,and Helen Adams Self ridge, 9ij (Mrs.Frank). Mrs. Self ridge, who lives at272 East Park, Highland Park, was a social and active undergraduate;she is interested in divers civic affairsof Highland Park. Miss Freedman isnow a case worker for the IllinoisUnemployment Relief. As an undergraduate she worked valiantly forthe W.A.A. and the Dramatic Club,not to mention managing the business affairs of the Daily Maroon.She has served on the Board of theChicago Alumnae Club.Executive CommitteeCandidates for the positions onthe Executive Committee of theCollege Alumni Association are fourin number.Portia Carnes Lane, '08, (Mrs.Francis H.) 39 E. Elm St., Chicago,has been a most active alumna, andhas served as president of the Chicago Alumnae Club, as well as in theposition of delegate to the Council.Ethel Preston, '08, AM'io, PhDf2o, at present a teacher of Frenchand music at Roycemoor School, ispresident of the Chicago AlumnaeClub and represents that organization on the Alumni Council. Shelives at 725 Emerson Street, Evanston.William C. Gorgas, '19, who isexecutive secretary of the FurnitureClub of America, presides over theChicago Alumni Club. He is one ofthose Phi Psis who left school withboth a Phi Bete Key and a footballblanket.Frank J. Madden, '20, JD'22, 111E. Washington Street, is an attorney.His college career included participation in basket ball and Blackfriars,politics and D.K.E. %Council DelegatesThe lineup of talent for the positions on the Alumni Council willsurely leave the voters dazzled, if notconfused. We comfort you with theassurance that all will grace theCouncil Chamber with much brilliance.Helen Norris, 'oj, Dean of Womenat Commonwealth Edison Company,and Chairman of the Women's Committee of the Public Relations Section of the National Electric LightAssociation in 1931, has served on theAlumni Council before. She has been a most devoted supporter ofalumni affairs.Harold Swift, '07, president of theBoard of Trustees of the University,member of the General EducationBoard, and trustee of the RockefellerFoundation, has served as a delegateto the Council for a number of years.In spite of a great number andvariety of interests and responsibilities, his attendance record atCouncil meetings wins the gold starup to date.Marion Mortimer Blend/ 16, (Mrs.Wilton) of 9300 S. Winchester Ave.,was an active and sociable undergraduate, and is now an active and sociable housewife and alumna.Dan Brown, '16, manager of theNational Shopping News, served hisAlma Mater in a variety of ways inhis undergraduate time, and as aLife Member, of the Alumni Association, has continued to serve.Ruth Manierre Freeman, '16,(Mrs. Hf B.) dweller- in Hinsdale,left the responsibilities of being aCollege Aide and B.W.O.C. to become a housewife.Carl Defebaugh, 'ij, has served onthe Council in days gone by. He isin the publishing business, and ispresident of the American Lumberman. His home is at 919 E. 50thStreet.Margaret Monroe MacPherson,'17, (Mrs. Roderick) 439 N. St. John'sAve., Highland Park, was chairmanof the Women's Athletic Association,a promoter of the Follies, and aleader in campus social affairs.Lois Hostetter Huebenthal, '18,(Mrs. Fred), 1419 S. 8th Ave., May-wood, occupied her undergraduatehours with the Y.W.C.L. and a hostof other activities. She is an activemember of the Chicago College Club.Thomas Mulroy, '27, JDf28, is anattorney with Defrees, Buckingham,Jones and Hoffman of Chicago. Hehas acted as assistant legislative council to the U. S. Senate. Mrs. Mulroywas Dorothy Reiner, '31.Now turn to the last page, markyour ballot, sign your name, and mailit all to: The Alumni Council, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.256THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 257NEWS OF THE CLASSESCOLLEGE1899George Sawyer is superintendent ofcity schools as Osage, Iowa. ## Claus-ine Mann (Mrs. Perry RobinsonMacNeille) is assistant to the Deanof Women at Swarthmore College.1904Frederick R. Darling, superintendent of schools of Dunkirk, New York,successfully managed the reorganization and reopening of the chief bankof Dunkirk last fall, when the citizensof that town appointed him chairman of the depositors' committee. #*James F. Chamberlain, '04, SB'05, ispreparing a book on California. His"Land of the Maple Leaf," a book onCanada, is his most recent publication.1905Paul Walker is chairman of theCorporation Commission of Oklahoma.1906Grace Viall (Mrs. Charles Gray) isdirector of the Gray Institute ofHome Economics in Chicago. **Cora H. Johnson is a member of theBoard of Education at Osage, Iowa.1908Arthur Goes is chairman of theChicago local Code Authority Committee on Lithographic Arts, and amember of the national Committee.He is vice president of the GoesLithography Company.1909John W. Shideler, AMy22, isKansas representative for MacMillanCompany.1910Lillian Gubelman, AM' 24, is statepresident of the Business and Professional Women's Club at ValleyCity, N. Dak.1911Cyrus LeRoy Baldridge, wellknown artist and famed alumnus,scored a victory in the interests ofjustice and free speech, when Su preme Court Justice Albert Cohnordered reinstatement of WillardStraight Post of the American Legion, of which Baldridge is Commander. The Post had opposed thenational Legion's stand on the bonusquestion, and their charter had beenrevoked without a hearing. Baldridge considered this a violation ofthe rights of free speech. "Now thatthe question of free speech is settled,"he said, "we can oppose specialprivilege in the open."1913Elizabeth Jones (Mrs. Wm. K. Far-rell) is "leading the busy life of anactive church and club memberwhose only son is away from homefor his third year. He is now afreshman at Yale." ## Loyal G.Tillotson is teaching at BradleyPolytechnic Institute at Peoria, 111.1914Lydia Lee (Mrs. James W. Pearce)writes a letter that should inspire ambition in every alumna: "I am stillteaching at Tilden Technical HighSchool (Chicago) where, besides conducting six classes daily in Englishand public speaking, I write playletsand stage them for school assemblies,train boys for oratorical contests anddebates, and also write radio broadcasts and train the boys for them.Incidentally I keep house and try tobe an adequate mother to three 'awkward age' youngsters. All this detersme from giving time to my pethobby,— an active interest in politics.So I do the next best thing and thatis to interest the boys in my classesin becoming socially minded and taking an ardent interest in governmental policies. Perhaps eventually,by education, we will erase the stigmaattached to the word, 'politician,' andmake our future citizens realize thatpolitics should be a worthy profession." *# Eileen Mulholland is professor of English at Buffalo StateTeachers College.1918Helen Edna Lath, AM'20, is teaching Latin and German at SuperiorState Teachers College, Wis. Western Electricleaders insoundtransmissionapparatusAlbert Teachers' Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., Chicago535 Fifth Ave., New York415 Hyde Bldg., SpokaneA general Placement Bureau for men andwomen in all kinds of teaching positions.Large and alert College, and State Teachers' College departments for Doctors andMasters; Critics and Supervisors for Normals. Also many calls for Special teachersof Music, Art, Home Economics, BusinessAdministration^ Correspondence Teaching.Fine opportunities in Secondary Schools.A host of best Suburban patrons for gradeand High School teachers. Read our booklet. Call.PROFESSIONALDIRECTORYYour Fellow Alumniwill be interestedin seeing news of yourbusinessin these columnsCAMPSTHE OLDEST CAMP IN THE WESTCAMP HIGHLANDSFOR BOYSSAYNER, WISCONSINThree Camps— 8-12: 13-14: 15-17Woodcraft, Athletic and Water Sports, Music,Photography, Scouting, Long Canoe Trips, RidingWRITE THE DIRECTOR FOR CATALOGW. J. MONILAW, M. D.5712 Kenwood Ave., Chicago258 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECAMPS - continuedORCHARD HILL CAMPThirteenth Season-Girls and Boys — 3-1240 Miles West of Chicago in BeautifulRolling CountryIndividual Attention and Constant Care Givenby Physicians and Experienced CounselorsPrivate Beach, Horseback Riding, and all SportsR. J. Lambert, M. D., DirectorWoods Lane St. Charles, IllinoisDENTISTDR. GEO. G. KNAPPDENTISTWoodlawn Medical Arts Bldg.Suite 304 1305 E. 63rd StreetPhone Plaza 6020ELECTROLYSISLOTTIE A. METCALFEELECTROLYSIS EXPERT13 YEARS' EXPERIENCEHair Removed from Face, Neck and BodyFacial Veins, Warts, Moles Permanently RemovedGraduate NurseSUITE TELEPHONE17 N. State St. FRANKLIN 4885SCHOOLSBEVERLY FARM, INC37th YearA Home, School for Nervous and BackwardChildren and Adults220 Acres, 7 Buildings, School Gymnasium, Industrial and School Training Given, Departmentfor Birth Injury CasesGroves Blake Smith, M.D. Godfrey, III.Practical Business TrainingBusiness Administration, Executive-SecretarialStenotype and 14 Other College Grade Courses77th YearTrain for Assured Success Write for Catalog, Bryant & Stratton College18 S. Michigan Ave. Randolph I575MacCormac School ofCommerceBusiness Administration and SecretarialTrainingDAY AND EVENING CLASSESEnter Any MondayII70 E. 63rd St. H. P. 2I30NORTH PARK COLLEGEFully AccreditedJunior College: Liberal Arts and Pre-ProfessionalCourses.High School: Language, Scientific and VocationalCourses.Conservatory: Public School Music and otherCertified Courses.High Standards of ScholarshipBeautiful Campus, Athletics and Social ActivitiesExpenses LowFor catalog write to the presidentNorth Park College Foster and Kedzie Aves. 1922Frederick Schultz is principal ofone of Buffalo's public schools. ##Eleanor Olson (Mrs. James L.Palmer) writes from 5705 MarylandAve., Chicago, that she wishes to hearfrom other "22'ers" especially LouiseKem. At the risk of turning this intoa "personals column' ' we offer youMiss Kern's address, 241 Reeves Boul.,Beverly Hills, Cal., and hope thatyou get together.1923-Judith Strohm (Mrs. D. F. Bond)is giving dramatic sketches beforewomen's clubs in and about Chicago.## Marjorie Howard (Mrs. W. R.Morgan) is having much success withher program of "Songs of FourLands" in costume. She has beenstudying at the Fine Arts Building,Chicago, with Mary Peck Thomson,having gradually withdrawn fromnursery school supervising, in orderto concentrate on her music.1925W. Leslie River, author of "Deathsof a Young Man," formerly connectedwith Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in Hollywood, is now living in Oak Park. ##Elizabeth Barrett (Mrs. Paul A. Risk)is living in West Lafayette, Ind., welloccupied with a strenuous young son,"Barry," just ready for nurseryschool. ## Katharine Barrett writesthat this is her third year at theRivers School, a country day preparatory school for boys in Brookline,Mass. She is supervising the LowerSchool, and teaching fifteen verylively little boys in the third class.She; adds that she finds "the U. of C.Magazine vastly imrfroved and nowan irresistible magazine," whichdoesn't hurt our feelings at all.1926R. E. Ahrens is research fellow inpublic administration at the University of Southern California. ** EvelynTurner is teaching French at Princeton, 111.1927George Dillon is living in Richmond, Virginia, 5105 Belleau Road.*# Arthur H. Hert is secretary manager of the Retail Merchants Association of Texas. He is located at Austin, Tex.1928William H. Perkins is with Swiftand Company in Chicago. In 1932 The Mary E. Pogue SchoolFounded 1903For Children and Young People NeedingIndividual InstructionSpecial Training, Medical Supervision,Trained Nurses, College Trained FacultyHome Atmosphere 25-Acre EstateMany Students Have Continued inAcademic SchoolsWheaton, III.BUSINESSDIRECTORY1447 E. 63rd St.ARTISTS SUPPLIESAWNINGSAUCTIONEERSAUTO LIVERYAPARTMENTSCLOSE TO U. OF CApartments — All SizesProfessional OfficesProperty Investments— Insurance —ACKLEY BROS. CO.HYDE PARK 0100EDWARD C BUNCK4645-47 South ParkwayPAINTS — GLASS — WALL PAPERArtist's MaterialsALL PHONES OAKLAND 0845Deliveries to All Parts of Chicago SuburbsPhones Oakland 0690— 069I— 0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.,INCAwnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove AvenueWILLIAMS, BARKER &SEVERN CO.Auctioneers and AppraisersPublic auctions on owner's premises or at oursalesroomsAccept on consignment the better quality of furniture, works of art, books, rugs, bric-a-brac, etc.We sell on commission or buy outrightOur specialty liquidating estates, libraries, etc.229 S. Wabash Ave. Phone Harrison 3777CHICAGO PETERSENMOTOR LIVERYLINCOLNSWith Experienced Chauffeurs5548 Lake Park Ave. MID way 0949THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 259he was married to Frances White ofEvansville, Ind.1929Edward /. Zeiler, AM'32, is principal of Richards School, WhitefishBay, Wis. *# Marjorie Niehausteaches Latin and French at Osage,Iowa, High School.1930John Ross Slacks, AM'30, writesthat he is associate professor of ruraleducation at the Iowa State TeachersCollege at Cedar Falls. There is aflourishing Chicago colony therewhich includes Charles O. Todd,AM' 16, Emerson Denny, AM* 16,Samuel Lynch, AM'01, Katherine L.Buxbaum, AM'24, S. Luella Overn,SM'27, Alison Aitchison, SM'i4, Marguerite Uttley, AM'21, Louis Bege-man, PhD' 10, William H. Kadesch,PhM'io, PhD'15, Mary Hunter,AM'i8, Ralph Fahrney, AM'22,PhD'29, Marna Peterson, '13, HelenHearst, SM'^o, Lucile Anderson,AM'27, Agnes Cole, '29, Iris Brana-gan, AM'27. ** Nancy Foster is principal of Edison School, Hammond,Ind.1931Charles Marshall, SM'33, is technical secretary and chemist with theBeryllium Products Corporation ofMarysville, Mich. ** Gordon D. Merrick is with the South Western Forestand Range Experiment Station ofAlumnae SwimmingAll Alumnae are again offeredthe use of the Ida Noyes Poolthis quarter. The only prerequisite is a medical slip, formulated by the Health Service andobtainable at Office B in IdaNoyes Hall. A small charge of10 cents is made for each swim.A suit and linen are supplied atthe locker room, but it is necessary to bring rubber sandalsand swimming cap. Come andget into practice for the Honor-Alumnae swimming meet, whichwill be held sometime in June.Open hours are as follows:12-12:45 —Tuesday, Thursday3:30-4:30-Friday4:30-5 —Monday, Tuesday,Thursday1 1 "5 : 45 —Wednesday7 : 30-8 : 30— Wednesday the Forest Service at Tucson, Ariz. **Bernard Urist, AM3 31, is teaching inChicago.1932Milton H. Pettit, Jr., is on the CodeAuthority Staff at Washington, withthe Fabricated Metal Products Federation as his special concern. **Mary L. Devine is teaching somewhere in Cook County, but that's allwe can find out.1933Martin /. Hermann is serving ascounselor and supervisor for St. Joseph and Benton Harbor, for an instruction plan launched by theAccounting and Office Training Institute, a division of La Salle Extension University.MASTERS1907Susan A. Green, AM, is professor of'biology at Maryville College, Mary-ville, Tenn.1911Walter Eells, AM, professor of education at Leland Stanford, is in Washington, D. C. this spring doing research at the Office of Education, Department of the Interior.1915Andrew P. Juhl, AM, is teachingGerman and mathematics at Roosevelt High School, Fresno, Cal.1916Carl Cleveland Taylor, ertswhileprofessor of sociology at North Carolina State College at Raleigh, is nowwith the Department of the Interior,in the Subsistence Homestead Department.1917Charles C. Root, AM, is in BuffaloState Teachers College, where he isin charge of the summer session andis professor and head of the department of education, and director ofcurricular organization.1918Harrie B. Pulsifer, SM, is lecturingin Cleveland, Ohio, giving a courseon "Applied Metallography," whichis meeting with great success.1923Laura A. Miller, SM, is assistantprofessor of home economics at theUniversity of Oklahoma. AUTO SERVICE STATIONSWASHINGTON PARKSERVICE STATIONWe Appreciate Your Patronage560I-7 Cottage Grove Ave.Phone Dorchester 7II3Jbr Ecomomicol Trontporlmtt—SALES mfiSMiiff SERVICEParts — Passenger Cars — TrucksMODERN SERVICE STATIONORME CHEVROLET CO.5200 Lake Park Ave.USED CARS FAIRFAX 0825BOOKSKrochs BookstoresBooks On All SubjectsIn Every LanguageAsk for Catalog, stating special interests206 N. Michigan AvenueCHICAGOBROKERSClark G. (Skee) Sauer '12WithJames E. Bennett & Co.Stocks — Bonds — Grain — CottonMembers: New York and Chicago StockExchanges, Chicago Board of Trade, AllPrincipal Markets.332 So. LaSalle St. Tel. Wabash 2740P. H. Davis, II H. I. Markham, 'Ex/06R. W. Davis, '16 W. M. Giblin, '23F. B. Evans, 'IIPaul H. Davis & Co.MembersNew York Stock ExchangeChicago Stock Exchange37 So. LaSalle St. Franklin 8622CATERERSJOSEPH H. BIGGSFine Catering in all its branches50 East Huron StreetTel. Sup. 0900—0901Retail Deliveries Daily and SundaysQuality and Service Since 1882CHEMICAL ENGINEERSAlbert K. Epstein, '12B. R. Harris, '21Epstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTel. Cent. 428526o THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECOALQUALITY COAL PRICED RIGHTLESTER COAL CO.4025 Wallace St, at 40th PlaceAll Phones: Yards 6464RIDGE FUEL & SUPPLY CO.Coal — Dustless CokeFireplace Wood — Cannel1633 W. 95th St. BEV. 8205COFFEE AND TEAW. S. Quinby CompanyIMPORTERS AND ROASTERSOF HIGH GRADECOFFEES AND TEAS417-427 W. OHIO ST -CHICAGOPhones Superior 2336-7-8DECORATINGIt will pay you to haveour estimate and expert adviceNATIONALDECORATING SERVICEHart Bros. System, Inc.4035 S. Michigan Ave. Boulevard 9700ELEVATORSReliance Elevator Co.PASSENGER AND FREIGHTELEVATORSFor Every Purpose2I2 W. Austin Ave. ChicagoFISHJ. A. DAVIS FISH CO.Specialize in Supplying Hotels,Restaurants, Hospitals, Institutions.Fresh Caught Direct From the Fisherman2II N. Union Ave.Phone Haymarket I495FLORISTSHOMER LANGE A. LANGEEst. I887FLOWERSCharge Accounts and DeliveryTLVWLSTPt E. Monroe Central 3777 In My Opinion(Continued from page 251)of the romantic and sentimentalcliche, his ascetic and egocentrictone, his abstruseness and his exactions from the patient or the impatient reader mark the as yettentative work of W. C. Auden,William Empson, C. Day-Lewis, andStephen Spender. In the attemptsof these young writers to synthesizethe noble romantic tradition and thechaotic phenomena of the modernworld, in their passionate and subtleanalysis of contemporary states ofminds, in their attempt, in the footsteps of Donne and Eliot, to find anappropriate medium for the expression of the over-acute and over-subtlemodern consciousness, they seem tobe bent on the creation of a schoolof neo-metaphysical poetry. But in mcontrast to Eliot's ethical solipsism,his young followers seem to be calling out for a renewal of faith insocial or communal enterprise and-idealism.Whether or not English poetry isbent on a generation of excessiveintellectuality, recondite allusive-ness, and astringent utterance, no onecan say. One can, at any rate, besure of an ultimate reaction from themetaphysical to the familiar ways offeeling and generosity, of comprehensible beauty and humane compassion.(Athletics, continued from page 255)jured at present, probably will replace Cochran.The tennis team ought to win theconference championship in bothsingles and doubles *this year. Theindoor practice in the field house hasgiven the players a big advantage incondition, and the team has sweptits early practice matches withoutany effort. Capt. Max Davidson, runner up for the singles championshiplast year when his arm went bad, iscertainly the second best player inthe Chicago district, if not the first.Trevor Weiss, who teamed with himto win the doubles title, is the No. 2man. He is playing much bettertennis this year than last. Ell Patterson, No. 3, is formidable because ofhis steadiness. The No. 4 rankingplayer, Charles Tyroler, is playingon the varsity for the first time.Coach Ned Merriam of the trackteam has lost Lee Yarnell, the high(Continued on page 261) •** CHICAGOUfJP^ Established 1865FLOWERSPhones: Plaza 6444, 6445I63I East 55th StreetFURSELLIOTT FUR CO.DESIGNERS OF HIGH GRADEFURSREPAIRING and REMODELING36 Years of DependabilityTax Warrants AcceptedStevens Bldg. 17 N. State St.CENTRAL I678 SUITE I000FOODSIttoSE1V FOOD^PRODUCTS Durand-McNeil-HornerCompany25I to 3I5E. Grand. Ave.f Chicago, III.Superior9560FRUIT AND VEGETABLESCOHEN and COMPANYWholesaleFruit — Vegetables — Poultry2II South Water MarketPhones Haymarket 0808 to 08I6GARAGESCARSCALLED FOR AND DELIVERED64th STREET GARAGETowing At All Hours6341 HARPER AVE,PHONE HYDE PARK 1031University Auto GarageCo.16 Years of Dependable ServiceWe Call For and Deliver Your CarTelephone Hyde Parle 4599II69 East 55th StreetHOTELS"Famous for Food"Dancing and EntertainmentNightlyCircular CRYSTAL Barthe BREVOORT hotel120 W. Madison St ChicagoTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 261jumper who was eligible for the firsttime in two seasons last winter quarter. Yarnell is not in college thisquarter. The team has no men ofability for the added field events ofthe outdoor program and will not doas well as it did indoors. Jay Berwanger, making his first appearancein decathlon competition in theKansas Relays, finished in fourthplace.DOCTORSOF PHILOSOPHY1897Charles J. Chamberlain, of theUniversity of Chicago department ofbotany, has been elected to membership in the Kaiserlich Deutsche Akad-emie der Naturforscher. He is atpresent planning a fifth trip toMexico to study cycads.1902Frank B. Jewett, vice president ofthe American Telephone and Telegraph Company and president of theBell Telephone Laboratories, hasbeen elected to life membership onthe corporation of the MassachusettsInstitute of Technology.1907George Winchester, '04, head of thedepartment of physics at Rutgers, hasbeen instrumental in making it possible for a number of Chicagoansattached to the Signal Corps Laboratories at Fort Monmouth to work inthe' Rutgers laboratories. A numberof Chicago Doctors are in this work.Marcel Golay, PhD's 1, is there, William R. Blair, '04, PhD'o6, and FrankJewett, PhD'os, of the AmericanTelephone and Telegraph are reported as finding a common interestin physics and golf in the neighborhood of New Brunswick, N. J.1916O. W. Silvey is head of the department of physics at the A and M College of Texas.1919A. W. Haupt, '16, of the biology department of the University of California in Los Angeles, has written abook on The Fundamentals of Biology, which has just gone into thesecond edition.1921Georgiana Rose Simpson, '11,AM'20, is associate professor of Ger man at Howard University, Washington, D. C.1925Charles Thompson, ' 18, AM'20, isprofessor of education at HowardUniversity, Washington, D. C, andedits the Journal of Negro Education.1926Hedley S. Dimock, AM'25, DB'26,is dean of George Williams College.He continues as professor of religiouseducation as well.1927/. S. Hicks, SM'25, is now connected with the Briggs Manufacturing Company in Detroit, doingchemical work on synthetic enamelsand petroleum.1928Elizabeth Verder, '23, working withDr. Earl McKinley at George Washington University School of Medicine, has made some significantdiscoveries regarding the germ of encephalitis, or sleeping sickness. Itmay prove to be virus influenza ofthe brain and nervous system. Thistheory is the result of ten years ofstudy of the disease. ## Ivar Spector,of the Department of OrientalStudies of the University of Washington, has just issued a book, "Russia,A New History."1929Howard McClusky reports that heand his wife completed a 4,500 mileautomobile trip through France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria,Switzerland, England and Scotlandlast fall and have been studying inLondon this last winter. The purpose of the trip was to study developments in psychological clinics inWestern Europe and Great Britain.Mr. McClusky is now back at theUniversity of Michigan, where he isan assistant professor of educationalpsychology. ** Helene B. Burton,SM'22, is director of the School ofHome Economics at the University ofOklahoma. #* Sidney Bloomenthal,'26, AM'27, has resigned from theR. C. A. Victor Co., in order to become an associate physicist for theU. S. War Department, stationed atFrankford Arsenal, Philadelphia. **Mr. and Mrs. J. M. McCallister,AM'22, (Ruby Slaughter, '25) havemoved to Chicago, and are living at5514 Blackstone Ave. HARPER SURF HOTEL5426 Harper Ave.Beautifully Furnished Home-LikeRooms, Private Bath and Shower$5 and UpPHONEPLAZA 3900 Miss MonsellMgr.PARKLAND HOTELFacing Jackson Park1550 East 63rd St.300 Rooms — Private BathFrom $5 WeeklyFolder with details of rates and services will besent on request.LAUNDRIESADAMSLAUNDRY CO.2335 Indiana Ave.Superior Hand WorkOdorless Dry CleaningTelephoneCalumet 3565THEBEST LAUNDRY andCLEANING COMPANYALL SERVICESWe Also DoDry Cleaning — Shoe Repairing4240 PhoneIndiana Ave. OAK land I383Standard Laundry Co.Linen Supply — Wet WashFinished WorkI8I8 South Wabash Ave.Phone Calumet 4700LITHOGRAPHINGL C Mead '2 1 E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph — Offset — Printing725 So. LaSalle St.Wabash 8I82OFFICE FURNITUREPruitt's rebuilt office machines give theappearance and service of new equipment—carry a full guarantee — yet, saveyou as much as 50%.PRUITT, Inc.172 N. La Salle St. Chicago262 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEOLD GOLD BOUGHTCASH FOR OLD GOLDJewelry, watches, gold teeth, plated articles,diamonds, silver, etc. We pay full cash value atthe rate prescribed by law.Licensed by U. S. GovernmentEstablished 1900Chicago Gold Smelting Co.59 E. MADISON ST.# 5TH FLOOR(Mailers Bldg., Cor. Wabash, Room 51 5)Members Chicago Assfn of CommercePAINTINGGEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, IncPainting — Decorating— Wood Finishing3I23 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3 1 86PAINTING AND DECORATINGEMU C ERICKSEN & CO.Painting and DecoratingDraperies — UpholsteringFurniture Refinishing6830 Cottage Grove Ave.Phones Dorchester 3584-5PLATINGYou Wreck 'emPHOTOGRAPHERSRADIO-PLUMBINGWe Fix 'emi McVittie Plating & BrassRefinishing Works, Inc.Expert Metal Platers and RefinishersChromium — Nickel — Copper — Silver — GoldBrass — Bronze — All Antique and Modern FinishesWe plate or refinish anything made of metalWe specialize in silver plating tableware1 600-02-04 S. State St. Calumet 2646-7-8MOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF DISTINCTION30 South Michigan Blvd., Chicago . . State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C ALUMNIPLUMBINGESTABLISHED 42 YEARSW. M. MclNERNEY624 EAST 63 rd ST.PLUMBING andHEATINGPHONE FAIRFAX 2911A. J. F. Lowe & SonI2I7 East 55th StreetPlumbing — Refrigeration — RadioSales and ServiceDay Phones Mid. 0782-0783-Night Phones Mid. 9295-Oakland H3l 1930Florence Edler, '21, AM'24, now re~search associate of the MediaevalAcademy of America, is to spend nextyear in Belgium, studying mediaevaleconomic history, especially in relation to the silk trade. She will beworking on a Fellowship granted bythe Commission for Relief in Belgium, which has instituted a numberof exchange fellowships in commemoration of the joint relief work of Belgium and America during the WorldWar.1932Robert Henry Wilson is teachingat New Mexico Normal University,East Las Vegas, N. Mex.RUSH1894Dr. and Mrs. Frank Weidemann ofTerre Haute, Ind., are planning tospend the entire summer travelling inRussia and the Scandinavian countries.1900Mark Twain Goldstine, MD, hasbeen elected chief of staff of WesleyMemorial Hospital of Chicago.1901/. H. Mustard, MD, has been appointed president of the Alaska Territorial Medical Society for the current year. He is located at Ketchikan.1924Arthur M. Wilson-, MD, is in general practice in Ketchikan, Alaska.He is a member of the Alaska Territorial Medical Examining Board.1925Louis P. River, '22, MD, is a member of the American College of Surgeons and is on the faculty of LoyolaUniversity Medical School.1928Ellen Stewart, '16, MD,'i8, PhD' 18,is interning at Chicago Lying-in Hospital.1930Charles C. Potter, MD, is openingan office in Alton, 111.1932James P. Lovett, MD, is now atEastland, Texas, where, according toword recently received he is estab- RESTAURANTSChicago's Most Unique RestaurantBANZAI'SWhere Stars and Celebrities Meet6325 Cottage Grove Ave.American and Oriental CuisineOrders Delivered Hot at No Extra ChargeA Steak at Banzai 's IS a SteakPhone DOR. 09l7Luncheon ¦ — Tea — DinnerGreen Shutter Tea Shop5650 Kenwood Ave."Remember it's smart to dineat the Green Shutter —It's Different"The Best Place to Eat on the South SideAND,HlZl:4H**X*iaCOLONIAL TEA ROOM6324 Woodlawn Ave.Restaurant I423 E. 62nd StreetROOFINGGrove Roofing Co.(Gilliland)Old Roofs Repaired — New Roofs Put On24 Years at 6644 Cottage Grove Ave.Lowest Prices — Estimates FreeFairfax 3206RUG CLEANERSHAAKER & HENTSCHORIENTAL -:- DOMESTICRug and Carpet CleanersUpholstering and Refinishing5I65 State St. Oakland I2I2STORAGEPhone MID way 9700 HYD e Park 0452Peterson Fireproof Storage Co.Chas. A. Peterson, Pres.Moving and ExpressingPacking and ShippingForeign ShipmentsBranch: 8126 Cottage Grove Ave.55th Street and Ellis Ave.TEACHERS AGENCIESFisk \ EACHERSAGENCY28 E. Jackson Blvd. CHICAGOOur Service is Nation WideTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 263lished at the Payne and Lovett Hospital, and is "enjoying an extensiveif not lucrative practice.,, ** MildredjVf. Keithahn, MD, is practicing atGann Valley, S. Dak. She is connected with the Commission of Missions in S. Dakota.LAW1918Willard E. Atkins, '14, JD, has recently put out a book on the timelysubject "Gold and Your Money,"which has won the highest praise forthe clarity of its exposition. Atkinsis chairman of the department ofeconomics at New York University.1921William H. Haynes, '16, JD, wassuccessful in being nominated as acandidate for a position on the Municipal Court Bench. He is runningon the Chicago G. O. P. ticket.1929Sam Street Hughes, JD, is a municipal judge at Lansing, Mich., andoccupies himself there with manycivic as well as judicial affairs. #*Preston Zimmerman, '26, JD, is director of the Play Clubs of Chicago,an organization of play groups forchildren.1930Paul H. Leffman, '27, JD, hasmoved to the Straus Building, Chicago. Associated with him are Samuel Spira, JD'31, and Arthur C.O'Meara, '31, JD'33. *# Erwin Seago,JD, Stuart B. Bradley, '24, JD, andBurton B. McRoy, '29, JD, announcethe formation of a partnership forthe general practice of law under thename of Seago, Bradley and McRoy,at 30 North LaSalle St., Chicago.ENGAGEDCatherine Scott, '30, to Edward A.Noyes, Princeton, '30. Mr. Noyesis with the Columbia UniversityPress, and Miss Scott with the University of Chicago Press; the romanceresulted from official correspondencebetween their departments. Thewedding is scheduled for July and thecouple will live in New York City.Katherine Groman, '31, to William M. Schuyler, AM'34, °^ Chicago.Dorothy Trude, '35, to William H.Sills, '35, of Chicago. The weddingdate is set for June 20. Both MissTrude and Mr. Sills are students atthe University of Chicago.MARRIEDPaul A. Campbell, '24, MD'28, toEleanor Carlisle, of South Bend, Ind.,December 21, 1933. Dr. Campbellis chief of the medical staff at CulverMilitary Academy.Kenneth Pearse, '30, SM'32, toJessie Ann Philliber of Boise, Idaho,December 16, 1933. Mr. Pearse is inresidence at the University of Chicago at present.BORNTo Homer D. Mitchell, '27 andMrs. Mitchell, a son, Gilbert Homer,January 24, 1934, Bay City, Mich.To Sam Street Hughes, JD'29, andMrs. Hughes, a son, Sam Street II,October 19, 1933.To David Dunning Brown, '30,and Mrs. Brown, (Harriet Mac-Neille, '30) a son, David MacNeilleBrown, March 19, 1934, Glencoe, 111.DIEDGeorge McKibben, DB'81, PhD' 05,March 23, 1934, at Leonica, NewJersey.William Parker McKee, DB'87,August 9, 1933, Urbana, 111.Lincoln Hulley, PhD' 95, DeLand,Florida, January 20, 1934.H. W. Sutcliffe, MD'95, March 31,1934, Beverly Hills, Cal.George E. Burlingame, DB'99,January 20, 1934, Los Angeles, Cal.Arthur Ranum, PhD' 06, February28, 1934, Cornell University.Margaret Durward, '07, May 3,1933, Riverside County, Cal.Ray Lee Moodie, PhD'08, February 16, 1934, Los Angeles, Cal.Bonnie E. Mellinger, '21, January30, 1934, New York City.Maxine Gloe Robinson, '28, October 6, 1933, Denison, Iowa.Jean T. Nelson, AM'29, April 1,1934, Raleigh, N. C.William Alexander Cooper, Jr.,MD'30, March 11, 1933, THEHUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY25 E. JACKSON BLVD.TELEPHONE HARRISON 7793Member National Associationof Teachers AgenciesWe Enjoy a Very Fine High School, NormalSchool, College and University PatronageTHE YATES-FISHERTEACHERS AGENCYEstablished 1906PAUL YATES, Manager616-620 South Michigan Ave.ChicagoUNDERTAKERSBARBOUR & GUSTINUNDERTAKERS4141 Cottage Grove Ave.PHONE DREXEL 0510LUDLOW-SCHNEIDERFUNERAL DIRECTORSFine Chapel with New Pipe OrganSEDAN AMBULANCETel. Fairfax 28616110 Cottage Grove Ave.UPHOLSTERINGDERK SMIT & CO.Interior DecoratorsFurniture and DraperiesUPHOLSTERINGand Refinishing6830 Cottage Grove Ave.Phones Dorchester 3584-5-6VENTILATINGThe Haines CompanyVentilating Contractors1929-1937 West Lake St.Phones Seeley 2765-2766-2767Advertisementsare business news of your classmatesand friends.Mention the MAGAZINE when you patronize our advertisers.OFFICIAL BALLOTTE^ College Alumni Association, University of Chicago, 1934-1935RFor President For Second Vice PresidentTwo years Two yearss~\ (Vote for one) (Vote for one)i i ( ) Donald Trumbull, '97 ( ) Helen Adams Selfridge, '17j ( ) Howell Murray, '14 ( ) May Rose Freedman, '19For Executive CommitteeI Two years11 (Vote for two)1 ( ) Portia Carnes Lane, '08 ( ) William C. Gorgas, '19c ( ) Ethel Preston, '08, AM 'io, PhD '20 ( ) Frank J. Madden, '20, JD '22Delegates to the Alumni CouncilP Three years(Vote for six)AGE ( ) Donald Trumbull '97( ) Howell Murray '14( ) Helen Norris '07( ) Harold H. Swift '07* ( ) Marion Mortimer Blend '16( ) Dan Bro^vn '16( ) Ruth Manierre Freeman '16* ( ) Carl Defebaugh '17( ) Margaret Monroe MacPherson '17( ) lois hostetter huebenthal '1 8M ( ) Thomas Mulroy '27, JD '28AI Only members of the College Alumni Association are eligible to vote in this election.I All Bachelors or Masters in Arts, Literature or Science, and any non-degree holders with a minimum of ninemajors of undergraduate credit in Arts, Literature or Science— always provided that they are Life Members of theAssociation, or hold annual memberships through the payment of annual dues, are members of the CollegeAlumni Association.| Such members are urged to vote.__ Candidates are listed in the order of seniority; where in the same class, they are listed alphabetically.Your ballot will be kept secret, but all ballots must be signed, and must be received at the Alumni Office priorto Friday, June 8.Mail or deliver ballots to: The Alumni Office, Cobb 403, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.NO Name : Class w Address.MmuuikMHHkOur BoardMembersandEndorsersincludeBruce BartonMary E. WoollevProf. Benj. R.AndrewsFlorence HaleZona GaleTheresa MayerDurlachEstelle M.SternbergerWalter Dill Scott "THE ARMY BUILDS MEN"From "The Horror of It," 75 War Photographs — 40c postpaid Our BoardMembersandEndorsersincludeProf. Carlton HayesStanley HighHerbert S. HoustonProf. Franz BoasDr. Max WinklerJas. G. McDonaldNorman ThomasKirby PageAlvin C. JohnsonPhilip C. NashWhat Are You, a College Product,With a Responsibility for Leadership,Doing to Stamp Out the World's Worst Curse?THE photograph depictsone aspect of War. Whata senseless thing it is.What a brutally insane orgyof witless killing. And whatdoes it achieve? It "Makes theWorld Safe for Democracy."Each war is a "War to EndWar."What would you think of astock farmer who slaughteredhis finest stock at intervals,products of generations ofbreeding, and began to breedfrom runts and rejects? Hewould be adjudged insane. Yetthat is what war does.What of war's cost in money ?Do you know that 75 cents outof every federal tax dollar goesfor war: that war explains thecrushing tax burden of hundreds of dollars per family peryear? Do you know thatthe money the WorldWar cost for a single day was$240,000,000. This meansdirect expense and does not include destruction of civil property. Do you realize that thiswould build in each of our 48 states two hospitals costing$500,000 each, two $1,000,000High Schools, 300 recreationcenters with gymnasiums andswimming pools costing $300,000 each and that there wouldbe left $6,000,000 to promoteeducation?Pessimists say that war cannotbe stopped, that we have always had war, therefore wealways shall. Pessimists saidjhe same thing about dueling,about slavery, about religiouswars. They fail to realize thatthe period from 1830 to 1930introduced more revolutionaryand drastic changes into humanlife than 10,000 years ofprevious history. When warbreaks out today it is as thoughone ward of a city waged warupon another. War has becomeself defeating. The glory hasdeparted from it; likewise theprofit. Who won the WorldWar?World Peaceways103 Park Avenue, New York City We are fighting against modernwar with a modern method —advertising. We have reached18,000,000 people with our messages since April. We have secured $100 worth of space perdollar expended. We have published no full page ads in 85magazines. We agree withNewton D. Baker that "Education is the world's one hope ofending war." We invoke youraid.Send Us a Dollaror as much as you can spare.Each dollar will buy $100 worthof magazine space.A $100 check will buy $10,000worth of space. Now is the timeto stop the next war. When thebands strike up it will be toolate.World Peaceways, u c103 Park Avenue, New York CityI am enclosing contribution for your workNAME ADDRESS CITY STATE IC_/hesterfieldMrs Smith?Yes, thank youMf Smith !fc\ 10*4 T.irj-.FTT A- Myfr* Trtnxrm Cn_