!•- » imTHE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINETHE ALUMNI COUNCILOFTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO1933-1934Chairman, PAUL S. RUSSELL '16Secretary and Editor, CHARLTON T. BECK, '04The Council for 1933-34 is composed of the following delegates:From the College Association: Term expires 1934: Harold H. Swift, '07; Helen Norris, '07;Chester S. Bell, '13, JD'15; Donald P. Bean, '17; Lyndon H. Lesch, '17; Term expires 1935:Paul S. Russell, '16; Elizabeth Faulkner, '85; Willoughby G. Walling, '99; Henry D. Sulcer,'06; Milton E. Robinson, '12, JD'14; Harry R. Swanson, '17; Term expires 1936: Harry D.Abells, '97; Frank McNair, '03; Herbert I. Markham, '05; Mrs. Barbara Miller Simpson, '18;Mrs. Frances Henderson Higgins, '20; Mrs. Lucy Lamon Merriam, '26.From the Association of Doctors of Philosophy: Term expires 1934: Louis L. Thurstone,PhD'17; Charles H. Behre, '18, PhD'25; Edwin E. Aubrey, AM'2i, DB'22, PhD'26; HerbertBlumer, PhD'28; Charles A. Shull, '05, PhD' 15.From the Divinity Association: Term expires 1934: Franklin D. Elmer, Jr., DB'30; J. H.Gagnier, '08, DB'15; Andrew R. E. Wyant, DB'97.From the Law School Association: Term expires 1934: Charles F. McElroy, AM'o6, JD'15;Charles P. Schwartz, '08, JD'09; Herbert C. DeYoung, '25, JD'28.From the Education Association: Term expires 1934: Paul McCracken Cook, AM'27; HaroldA. Anderson, '24, AM'26; Robert C. Woellner, AM'24.From the School of Business Association: Term expires 1934: Neil F. Sammons, '29; ElizabethForeen, '26; Earle W. English, '26.From Rush Medical College Association: Term expires 1934: Dr. \V7illiam A. Thomas, '12,MD'16; Dr. Clark W. Finnerud, MD'18; Dr. Edward Stieglitz, '18, SM'19, MD'21.From the School of Social Service Administration Association: Term Expires 1934: Eleanor D. Goltz, '29, AM'30; Wilma Walker, Anna May Sexton, AM'30.From the Chicago Alumni Club: Term expires 1934: William C. Gorgas, '19; Harvey Harris,'14; Charles G. Higgins, '20.From the Chicago Alumnae Club: Term expires 1934: Gladys Finn, '24; Mrs. Portia CarnesLane, '08; Ethel Preston, '08, AM' 10, PhD'20.From the University: John F. Moulds, '07.Alumni Associations Represented in the Alumni CouncilThe College Alumni Association: President, Paul S. Russell, '16; Secretary, Charlton T. Beck,'04, University of Chicago.Association of Doctors of Philosophy: President, Louis L. Thurstone, PhD'17; Secretary,Edwin E. Aubrey, AM'21, DB'22, PhD'26; University of Chicago.Divinity School Association: President, O. H. McDonald, AM'26; Secretary, Charles T. Hol-man, DB'15, University of Chicago.Law School Association: President, Charles McElroy, AM'06, JD'15; Secretary, Herbert C. De-Young, '25, JD'28, 4805 Kimbark Ave., Chicago.School of Education Association: President, Aaron J. Brumbaugh, AM'18, PhD'29; Secretary, Lenore John, AM'27, 6009 Kimbark Ave., Chicago.School of Business Association: President, Neil F. Sammons, '29; Secretary, Althild Nelson, '29,8626 S. Ada St., Chicago.Rush Medical College Association: President, George F. Dick, MD'05; Secretary, Carl O. Rin-der, '11, MD'13, !22 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago.School of Social Service Administration Association: President, Jane Mullenbach, '29,AM'31; Secretary, Mrs. Irving Pettis, AM'26, 1802 Maple Ave., Evanston, 111.All communications should be sent to the Secretary of the proper Association or to the Alumni Council, Faculty Exchange, University of Chicago. The dues for membership in any one of the Associations named above, including subscription to The University of Chicago Magazine, are $2.00 pei year. A holder of two or more degreesfrom the University of Chicago may be a member of more than one Association; in such instances the dues aredivided and shared equally by the Associations involved.en / /? 14 u>lou have only to look upon the three magnificent new Cadillacs and the new streamlined La Salle to know that hereare motor cars of incomparable beauty. And you have only to ride in them to know that they are supreme also in comfort and in performance. . . . May we not suggest, therefore, that you take these two pleasant steps; and then let yourown observations, and your own desires, lead you to Cadillac or La Salle ownership. . . . There is a new Cadillac V-8,a new V-12, and a new V-16. Also, a dashing streamlined La Salle, with Fleetwood Custom Coachcraft, which hasset a new style and a new value in motor cars. Prices are substantially lowered — with La Salle almost a thousanddollars below last year's price. ... So it is now most convenient, as well as most satisfying, to own a car by Cadillac.*AT HOMEIn twiA. couvrx . .to uuume^ ^ IJ* ONE WAY$AXd $204 ROUND TRIP *$204 ROUND TRIPTOURIST CLASSAMERICAN STYLEHERE, on the greatest ships everbuilt in America, is the greatest advance in Tourist Class luxuryever made by Americans !On these great new fast liners,the Manhattan and Washington, youenjoy in Tourist Class broad decks,high up in the ship; large, beautifulpublic rooms; large tiled indoorswimming pool, gymnasium; air-conditioned dining salon, whereyou are served truly delicious meals;talking pictures, orchestra; cabinsfor one, two or more passengers,with real beds, hot and cold running water, modern ventilation throughout. The Manhattan and Washingtonare the world's fastest Cabin liners.With their running mates, the President Harding and President Roosevelt,they offer a weekly service to Cobh,Plymouth, Havre and Hamburg.Low fares in Cabin, Tourist andThird Class.For full information and reservations apply to your local agentor your own graduate travel service. Roosevelt Steamship Company, Inc., General Agents, No. 1Broadway, N. Y.•To England or Ireland— slightly higher to Continental Ports and in short summer season.New S.S.WASHINGTONS. S. PRES. HARDING \ through your /\local aqty New S. S. MANHATTANS.S. PRES. ROOSEVELTUNITED S TAT E S LINES WHY GRADUATESTRAVELAn unusual opportunity presented itself last year to learn more of the "whyand wherefore" — not to mention the"where-to" — of graduate travel. Morethan 3,000 graduates of Americancolleges and universities wrote abouttheir travel plans to the GraduateTravel Service in New York — an organization which became last year thetravel headquarters for college menand women.The "where-to" of graduate travelwas:Destination InquiriesEurope SlSCalifornia 3>8Bermuda 301Yellowstone 279Dude Ranches 202Alaska 191Short Cruises 186Mediterranean 172Panama Canal 169Hawaii 164Round World 163West Indies 153Russia 128Transcontinental 120South America 110Scandinavia 107Orient 100The "whereby" also revealed thepreference of our graduates for theleading steamship and railroad companies :ServicesUnited States LinesCunard LineFrench LineDollar LineNorth German LloydItalian LineFurness BermudaRed Star LineHamburg American LineGreat White FleetSouthern Pacific RailroadHolland American LineWhite Star LinePanama PacificSwedish American Line Inquiries239197193184177126.18111109939388878549The average graduate believes thattwo is company and three a crowd andtravels in a snug little party of two.This year graduates will again beoffered, gratis, the aid of The Graduate Travel Service. We trust they willavail themselves of it, not only because it will enable us to learn moreabout their preferences as travelers, butalso because it will stimulate the increased use by travel advertisers ofthe advertising columns of graduatemagazines.THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINEPUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI COUNCILCharlton T. Beck, '04Editor and Business Manager Ruth C. E. Earnshaw, '31Associate EditorFred B. Millett, PhD '31, William V. Morgenstern, '20, JD '22, John P. Howe, '27,Contributing EditorsMilton E. Robinson, Jr., '11, JD '13, Ethel Preston, '08, AM '10, PhD '20, Donald Bean, '17,Editorial BoardIN THIS ISSUEHAROLD H. SWIFT, '07,certainly needs no introduction; as an alumnus, a member of the Alumni Council for theCollege Association, and as Presidentof the Board of Trustees of the University he is known to all readers ofthe Magazine. While it is not tooeasy to persuade him to write for theMagazine, when he does contribute,his articles are pertinent and authoritative. In this issue he summarizes,in terms any liberal arts major canunderstand, the financial standing ofthe University in this year of depression—and it is not a depressing picture.•Mary B. Harris, PhD '00, studiedRoman coins and classical archaeology when she came to the University for graduate work under President Harper. In fact she even tooka PhD in these erudite studies. Butthanks to the influence and exampleof Katharine Bement Davis, who isfamiliar to all readers through herrecent charming autobiographicalarticles in this Magazine, she waspersuaded to leave her antiquitiesand turn her talents to the administration of an institution for women.Her brilliant record in the field of"re-education" made her the choicewhen a superintendent was neededfor the Federal Industrial Institutionfor Women, in 1924, and she has beenthe leader in this great work eversince. "A Re-Educational Institution" is her story of the objectivesand methods used in preparingwomen, convicted by the United States Courts, for a successful returnto society.®Those who missed the MidwinterDinner not only missed a very delightful and stimulating evening, butfailed to hear the President's annualreport to the Alumni Association.Aside from factual content, President Hutchins' reports are too goodto miss, so we are publishing his address in this issue. A report on thedinner and a brief summary of Secretary Ickes' remarks follow.We would call your attention tothe list of candidates for office in theTABLE OF CONTENTSAPRIL, 1934PAGEThe Financial Situation of the University, Harold H. Swift 203College Association Elections 205A Tribute to Stagg By the Undergraduates 206A Re-Educational Institution, MaryB. Harris 207At the Midwinter Dinner, Robert M.Hutchins 211If You Missed It 213Five Years in the Library, M. Llewellyn Raney 214Chicago Alumni in the Current Magazines 215Scientists and Stars— Chicago's Star,Horace Spencer Fiske 216In My Opinion 217News of the Quadrangles 219Dear Editor 221Athletics 222News of the Classes 224Chicago Alumnae Club 232 College Alumni Association, appearing on Page 213. All nominationsare not yet made, and it is possiblefor members of the Association toadd candidates to the list by sendinga petition, signed by twenty-five members in good standing, to the AlumniCouncil Office, before May 1.M. Llewellyn Raney, Director ofthe University Libraries, contributesa concise and stimulating account ofthe work of that most important department of the University. In anearly issue we hope to publish another article from the Director, outlining plans for the future of theLibraries. Mr. Raney is a recognizedauthority on library organization andhas published numerous articles onthe subject in the educationaljournals.Although it is not the Magazine'spolicy to publish poetry, the conjunction of Horace Spencer Fiske's poemto Edwin Brant Frost, with the arrival of a letter and photograph fromOtto Struve, descriptive of the University's latest project in astronomy,proved more than we could resist.Horace Spencer Fiske's Chicagopoems are well known to manyalumni, as he has published severalvolumes of poetry. He has beenassociated with the University since1903. Edwin Brant Frost, ProfessorEmeritus of Astrophysics, was succeeded in his post as Director ofYerkes Observatory, by Otto Struve,PhD'23.The Magazine is published at 1009 Sloan St., Crawfordsville, Ind., monthly from November to July, inclusive, for The Alumni Council of the Universityof Chicago, 58th St. and Ellis Ave., Chicago, 111. The subscription price is $2.00 per year; the price of single copies is 25 cents.Entered as second class matter December 10, 1924, at the Post Office at Crawfordsville, Indiana, under the Act of March 3, 1879.AttentionAll who would "reune" The following University dining halls willbe available for your use the week ofJune 9:The Cloister Club — accommodating 300Hutchinson Commons — can hold 350-400Coffee Shop (nee Hutchinson Cafe) — seats 150Burton Court — takes care of 275Judson Court — likewise 275School of Education — can serve 200International House offers accommodationsas follows:Theatre — seats 350 — has stage and two pianos if you likemusic with your mealsTiffin Room — 50 — no pianoRoom A (second floor club room) 95 — with pianoRoom B (second floor club room) 25 — sans pianoRoom C-E (second floor club room) 70 — with piano(Room C-E can be split up into three sections holding10, 25, and 20 respectively.)Please make all reservations of rooms through the Alumni Office. The Class of1909 has already set aside space at International House. In planning your classdinner keep in mind the general reunion schedule — June 8, Alumni Assembly,8:30 P. M., June 9, Reunion Dinner, Hutchinson Commons, 6:00 P. M., followedby the Sing.VOLUME XXVI THE UNIVERSITY OFCHICAGO MAGAZINE NUMBER 6APRIL, 1934THE FINANCIAL SITUATIONOf the University• By HAROLD H. SWIFT, '07WHEN the Editor of the Magazine asked me fora statement of the financial situation in whichthe University finds itself at the present time,I wondered whether he had heard the reply supposed tohave been received by a worker in the School of SocialService Administration when visiting a home— that a fewyears previously the husband and father of the familyhad had a "parallel stroke," since which time they hadnot been able to make ends meet. I am glad to complywith the request of the Editor of the Magazine and toindicate how the University has fared during the ravages of the last few years, which have forced material reductions in the basis of operation of all educational institutions.The last financial report of The University of Chicagowas issued as of June 30, 1933, after forty-one years ofoperation. Many other institutions issued reports as ofthe same date. The following indicates the gross assetsof certain of the larger endowed institutions as disclosedby their balance sheets:Harvard University $135,740,749.26Columbia University 120,421,481.41The University of Chicago 111,131,191.09Yale University 102,808,867.37The University of Rochester 82,816,241.83Northwestern University 49,223,920.48Cornell University 48,759,992.85Princeton University 29,043,708.54New York University 25,800,818.91Educational institutions do not have a standard formof accounting, and all of the figures given are subjectto interpretation in accordance with the accountingphilosophy of the local institution. For example, probably all of the figures presented represent cost or market value of assets at the time of acquisition, so thatan identical number of shares of stock or of bonds ofthe same company might stand at different values onthe books of two different institutions, depending uponwhether they were received or purchased when themarket was high or low. Actually, market valuationsmean little to an educational institution; income is whatcounts. Institutional accountants advocate the retention of cost figures in the books of account and annual reports, rather than changing values from year to year torepresent market conditions. This is the plan followedat The University of Chicago. In the above-mentionedfigures, Harvard, Yale, and Princeton do not include aplant fund item representing the cost of physical plantused in the operation of the institution. If they did so,the figures previously indicated would be expanded appreciably. That item stands on The University of Chicago's books at an excess of forty million dollars. Itconsists of campus real estate, campus buildings, books,and equipment. The investment for this purpose at Harvard would probably be greater than at Chicago, atPrinceton probably somewhat less, and if included inYale's figures, would undoubtedly result in a total considerably in excess of Chicago's. Thus the figures givenare not really comparable, but they may serve as a roughindex of the financial side of the institutions mentioned.In the balance sheet of The University of Chicagothe endowment fund assets represented by investmentsand cash equal some sixty million dollars. Plant fundassets total approximately forty-one million dollars. Annuity funds, loan funds, replacement funds, suspensefunds, reserve assets, and General Fund assets total someeight million dollars additional, and assets of some twomillion dollars^ are held for others, such as cooperatinghospitals, etc., from which, however, the University receives no income.Of investments with a book value of sixty-four milliondollars (including some special funds described), twenty-six million dollars are in bonds, two million dollarsplus in preferred stocks, ten million dollars in commonstocks, and twenty-six million dollars roughly in realestate for investment purposes and mortgages. Practically all of the real estate investments are in the City ofChicago. In the bond section, public utility bonds represent about 50% of the total; railroad bonds about 25%;the remaining 25% being scattered between industrial,municipal, United States Government, and CanadianGovernment bonds. Of the stock investments, about85% are common stocks, divided among railroads, oils,industrials, and public utility stocks. Incidentally, it203204 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEmay be pointed out that the real estate owned by theUniversity falls into two categories: viz., that used in theconduct of the institution, and that for investment. Inthe second group the taxes for 1932 amount to a sumsufficient to provide for about 40 Distinguished ServiceProfessorships. In addition, the taxes on buildingserected on land leased by the University would providefor about 30 such Professorships. The taxes have beenpaid when due, and we expect to continue to do so.The University has never been a considerable purchaser of municipal bonds, due to the fact that in pastyears the rates were lower than could be secured onother securities which were regarded as being soundand, because being a tax-exempt corporation, it wouldhave been competing with others to whom the tax-exempt feature was of value. It was wary as to foreigninvestments and, excepting Canadian items, has lessthan eight hundred thousand dollars in bonds of foreigncountries. It has been particularly careful to avoid holding company issues, confining its investments to thebonds of operating companies; this is fortunate because the securities of many holding companies arenow causing considerable concern. Of public utilitystocks, it holds only one moderate-sized block of stockin an important telephone company.What has happened to these assets? Naturally, ourbook values would not be sustained under presentmarket conditions. The market value of real estate isextremely difficult to ascertain at present, but a fairdegree of economic recovery would justify book value,as much of this real estate was purchased at very lowlevels. On October 1, 1933, the market values of stocksand bonds showed a decrease of 8.63% as compared tt>book values. This favorable showing is in part due toour ownership of Standard Oil stocks, always a friendin need and indeed.In passing, it might be interesting to point out thatsince the founding of the University, the total gifts paidin to June 30, 1933, amounted to $112,339,444.04. Thissum is more than the amount shown by the balancesheet since many of the gifts were for current purposesand naturally have been consumed, and do not therefore appear in the statement of funds. Of the total giftsreceived, the so-called Rockefeller group gave $68,422,-305.18, and others contributed $43,917,138.86. It may bepointed out that the confidence of "others" in the standing and management of the University has resulted ingifts of more than one million dollars annually on theaverage during the forty-one years of the institution'soperation. The itemization of gifts from the Rockefellergroup is as follows:1. John D. Rockefeller, Sr. $34>7°8,375.282. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. 5,585,341.723. General Education Board 17,970,401.404. Rockefeller Foundation 4,093,429.395. International Education Board 4,111,999.986. Laura Spelman RockefellerMemorial l^95^757-417. International Student Extension 57,000.00Total $68,422,305.18Now that we have in mind the asset picture, let uslook at the operations of the University. Its educationalactivities deemed to be on a continuing basis are accounted for under a budget which is divided into seven different parts: (1) The General Budget, which carriesthe college and graduate work in Arts, Literature andScience, and some of the professional work; and six otherdivisions established since 1920-21 which are separatelyaccounted for and are financed without encroachmenton the older educational activities. They are as follows:(2) School of Social Service Administration, (3) RushMedical College, (4) Graduate Library School, (5) Oriental Institute, (6) South Side Medical School, and (7)South Side Clinics. These newer undertakings are atpresent satisfactorily financed by endowment and tuitionreceipts, although later the Medical School and Clinicswill require re-financing on a more permanent basis._ Let us consider the General Budget, which is the largest budget and is typical of all the rest. The peak of theestimated expenditures under it came in the year1931-32. Compared to the peak year of 1931-32, the estimate of expenditures for the current year shows ashrinkage of about 22% and the estimate of recurringincome shows a decrease of about 2&%, which is overcome by using reserves this year as later explained. It isestimated that 91.5% of the current year's expenditureswill be supplied by recurring income, and there is apossibility of a slightly increased percentage of recurringincome before the end of the year.The expenditure in excess of income was deliberatelydecided upon because we had unrestricted funds setaside which could properly be expended for this purpose. This action was preferred rather than cuttingfaculty salaries or making additional extreme economies. These reserve funds, which have permitted suchexpenditures during the past two years, are sufficient forus to continue the same policy for some time yet, if it isdecided wise.The University has no debts except for current accounts, which are discounted promptly. The last reported deficit under our budget was for the year 1902-03,the recurring income since that time being sufficient totake care of expenditures, except during the last twoyears as previously noted, when we expended reserves,the accretion of which would have been unnecessary except to act as a cushion in such an emergency as we areencountering at present. In its earlier years the University was compelled to resort to bank loans to securefunds to meet current operations. The last such borrowing was in 1897. Tne support of loyal friends since thattime has made it possible for the University to carryon its work without resorting to this type of financing.In January, the Trustees of the University gave a dinner to the Faculty, and Mr. McNair, the vice-chairmanof the Committee on Finance and Investment, spoke tothe Faculty on the subject of the University's financialsituation. Much of this article is based on Mr. McNair'stalk, and I think I can do no better than quote Mr. McNair's own summary of the situation:"Striking a balance, I should say there is unquestionably a satisfactory surplus of favorable factors in thefinancial affairs of the University. As far as we are intimately informed as to the operations and assets of comparable educational institutions, we seem not to sufferby comparison. Compared with the mine run of resultssecured by individuals and institutions, the results arerather comforting. There is a wide variance in the accounting philosophy of educational institutions. Therewould seem to be little question as to the sound ac-THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 205counting philosophy of The University of Chicago. The Universitybalances its budget and has clone sofor many years. It owes no money. Ithas been necessary in recent years tofall back on reserves, but this necessity has been jealously studied andat the end of each fiscal year the reserves used have been less than thoseprovided. If conditions show no improvement, remaining reserves arestill sufficient to permit of a gradualand an orderly readjustment of expenditures, and it is amazing to mewhat adjustments both individualsand institutions are able to makeunder the urge of necessity. I knowof no financial ills of the Universitythat are not common to the countryas a whole. We can scarcely hope tocorrect these ills alone, although wemay be able to contribute somethingto their correction."Ultimately, of course, it will be necessary for the University to proceed on the basis of a balanced budget, without depending upon reserves which may be accomplished in one of three ways: (1) The recovery of incomeformerly received from endowments and students; (2)Securing additional funds; (3) The reduction of expenditures to recurring income, regardless of its effectupon the educational standing of the institution.It has been a genuine hardship to our educationalwork to make the economies required in our reduction ofexpenditures, as shown above, so I would not give youthe impression that the University is affluent. I amanxious, however, to have you understand that theUniversity's financial condition is sound. We still needHarold H. Swift additional funds. Research and teaching will suffer if additional funds arenot secured, but we will not expandour work or get back to previousexpenditures unless we can do soalong sound financial lines.I speak so confidently of how weshall handle ourselves because I haveseen the President and his assistantsand deans go through the difficulttime, and have seen the splendidperformance of the faculty members,and because I know our Board ofTrustees, of whom Mr. McNair inclosing his talk said:"The Board is well aware thatthey (administrative officers) have allcooperated whole-heartedly by additional work and by economy in a waywhich is a constant challenge to theBoard to do everything in its powerto conserve the assets of the University and at the same time to make them yield thebest return possible. The business office and theFinance Committee give constant attention to developments. There is intensive study and analysesof tendencies with respect to groups of investmentsand to specific investments within the groups. Underpresent confused conditions, many questions are difficult to answer, but care is taken to make no extremeor blanket decisions, and there proceeds constantly actions designed to strengthen and buttress the investmentsituation in its entirety. . . . We are most fortunatein the composition of our Board. There are no cliques;the members of the Board are very friendly; they worktogether with a keen sense of responsibility and witha high confidence in the University."College Association ElectionsElections for officers in the College Alumni Association will be held in May. The official ballot will beprinted in the Magazine and those voting must mail it to the Alumni Office by June 6. Results will beannounced at the Reunion Dinner, June 9. The following list of candidates has been nominated by theNominating Committee of the College Association. Additional nominations may be made by petition,signed by twenty-five members of the College Association in good standing; such petitions must be sent tothe Alumni Council Office by May 1.For President: Donald Trumbull For Second May Rose FreedmanHowell Murray Vice President: Alice GreenacreFor Delegates to the Alumni Council:Helen Norris Carl DefebaughHarold Swift Thomas MulroyDonald Trumbull Marion Mortimer BlendHowell Murray Louise Hostetter HuebenthalMargaret Monroe McPherson Ruth Manierre FreemanDan BrownFor the Executive Committee, College AssociationWilliam C. Gorgas Portia Carnes LaneEthel Preston Frank J. MaddenA TRIBUTE TO STAGGBy the UndergraduatesON THE day that the University of Chicagoopened, Amos Alonzo Stagg began footballpractice by calling his prospective warriors together in Washington Park to teach them the game.The following week the proud wearers of the maroonjerseys played Hyde Park High School and succeeded introuncing them 12-0. In such a way Mr. Stagg tookthe helm as Director of Athletics atthe University of Chicago, a positionwhich he held till his retirement in thespring of last year saddened the entiresport world. The forty-one year periodwhich bridges the gap between thesetwo events is marked by one of themost brilliant careers in the historyof athletics, and one which Universitypeople will long remember. His undying energy and enthusiasm for allschool activities made him the veritable inspiration of every student whocame in contact with his winning personality.In the early years of his career atthe University the prevailing athleticconditions made it necessary on manyoccasions for Coach Stagg to don hisathletic suit and play with his team.In the disorganized state of westerncollege athletics at the time, no objection was made to his playing, and itwas well understood that the new University was justbeginning its athletic activities. This practice, whichseems so strange to the sport enthusiasts of today, wasdescribed in a song entitled "1893," written by Steig-meyer of the class of 1897:Then Stagg was catcher, pitcher, coach, shortstop,and halfback too;For in those days of "Auld lang syne" our goodathletes were few.As the years passed, the Intercollegiate Boardtightened down decidedly on the eligibility requirementsfor competition, and as more and better athletes werebeing attracted to the University, Mr. Stagg no longerplayed with his teams, and began to concentrate hisexcess energy along different lines.One of the school activities which received greatbenefit from his willingness to co-operate was the Capand Gown. The financial support which he renderedthe yearbook each year, combined with the aid whichhe and his wife cheerfully gave to the tired editors intheir last minute efforts to obtain athletic pictures madeThe Grand Old Manhis leaving of the University quadrangles a real loss tothose students interested in the publication of thisvolume. It was the avowed purpose of last year's editorsto express their regret at his departure and show theirgratitude for his faithful cooperation, in a section dedicated to his forty-one years of service at Chicago. Thefinancial conditions being what they were it was impossible for the book to be published lastyear and naturally all plans for a tribute to Mr. Stagg had to be abandoned.Enlarging upon the previous plans,the staff of the 1934 Cap and Gown,with the co-operation of the Orderof the "C," has made rather elaboratepreparations for a special section to beincorporated into this year's book dealing with the highlights of Mr. Stagg'scolorful career while serving as Director of Athletics and head footballcoach at the University. The sectionas it now stands calls for sixteen pagesof editorial comment, interspersedwith carefully chosen pictures of theyouthful University and its coach.These photographs will include suchinteresting snaps as the first footballteam coached by Mr. Stagg, a view ofthe University's first playing field, asnap of the young coach speeding toone of the big games on his favoritemotorcycle, and countless others which will help to callback to mind pleasant memories of the "good old days."The Cap and Gown staff, realizing that there areprobably many members of the alumni body who wouldbe anxious to have copies of the history of the GrandOld Man and Chicago's great athletes, have made provision for a limited number of copies of the biographyto be printed separately from the Cap and Gown, andbound in either paper or leather. These books will sellfor $1.00 for the paper bindings, and $1.50 for thosebound in leather, and any alumni who desire copiesmay purchase them from the Cap and Gown.In light of the many brilliant tributes which havebeen made to the Old Man in the course of the pastmonths, the Cap and Gown has felt some hesitancy incontinuing with the original plans, but alumni supporthas been so enthusiastic that the project is rapidly forging ahead to completion. It is a history which willforever keep alive the pleasant memories of our mutualfriendship with that great personality, Amos AlonzoStagg.206A RE-EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONThe Federal Industrial Institution for WomenWHEN Katharine B. Davis was in the midst ofexaminations for her doctorate at the University of Chicago in 1900, she suddenly disappeared from our view for several days. On her return, she said she had gone to New York (her nativestate) to take the Civil Service examination for theSuperintendency of the State Reformatory for Womenwhich was about to be opened,— the first of the kind inthe country. It all seemed a little odd to us that awoman who had held the A. C. A. foreign fellowship,and was an outstanding figure in the intellectual lifeof the University should consider burying her talentin a reformatory. However, she was appointed, andinitiated the work of women's reformatories in theworld. Her achievements at the New York Reformatoryat Bedford Hills, and the standards she set in individualtreatment and scientific approach to the problems shemet are beyond appraisal in their influence.My own contact with Dr. Davis when she was Commissioner of Correction of New York City under MayorMitchell resulted in my abandoning the study of Romancoins to take the superintendency of women at theWork House on Blackwell's Island, "temporarily andas an experiment," she said. There I stayed more thanthree years. Since then, I have been superintendent ofthe Reformatory for Women of New Jersey and also ofthe State Home for Girls in the same state. In passing, Ishould like to call attention to another University ofChicago graduate, who has been drawn into the field ofre-education, and who has served for several years as thenotably successful superintendent of the State Reformatory for Women of Connecticut, Elizabeth Munger.In this sketch, however, I shall try to present thehistory and development of only one institution, TheFederal Industrial Institution for Women, of whichI am now superintendent.The First Federal InstitutionIn June, 1924, in response to appeals from the organized women of the country, Congress passed an EnablingAct to establish a Federal reformatory for women,eighteen years of age and over, who should be convictedin United States courts with sentences of over a year.Previous to that time, the women sentenced in Federalcourts were housed in wings of state prisons, local workhouses, county penitentiaries or wherever the government could find board and lodging for them. Thegovernment had no place of its own. The followingyear, 1925, an appropriation was made to begin the construction of the institution, and in 1926 another sumwas allotted to complete the buildings, a total of lessthan two and a half million dollars. I was appointedthe superintendent at the time the first appropriationwas made, and had the privilege as well as the responsibility of planning and organizing the institution.At that time, Mrs. Mabel Walker Willebrandt wasthe Assistant Attorney General who had charge of the • By MARY B. HARRIS, PhD '00Prison Bureau, and it was due largely to her interestand zeal that the government undertook the creation ofthe two reformatories which marked a new day in thetreatment of Federal prisoners. In the same year, also,a reformatory for young men and first offenders wasestablished at Chillicothe, Ohio.The reformatory for women, called The Federal Industrial Institution for Women, was located on a 500-acre reservation at Alderson, West Virginia, in the heartof the Alleghanies. Like the state institutions whichwere its model, it is built on the so-called Cottage plan,with units of 30. Its buildings are modified GeorgianColonial in style, two stories in height, grouped abouttwo quadrangles with a natural grove as a background.They are set in an amphitheatre of hills, with an altitude of 1,600 feet. The Greenbrier River skirts thereservation for a distance of two miles. The institutionhas complete facilities for the housing and training of500 women and for housing the personnel needed forcustody and training in an institution of this size andcharacter. Several buildings have been named in honorof women whose social service or interest in this institution have been marked. The Administration buildinghas been named Jane Addams Hall."Informed as Well as Reformed"The aim of the institution is adjustment and reeducation. As one girl wrote to her family shortly afterher arrival, "It seems we are to be informed as well asre-formed." To reform or inform intelligently, we mustknow our material, and the small unit was adopted topermit of classification and individual treatment. Ina book on "Life and the Student" we read: "It was aformidable criticism when a student said 'They do notknow I am here.' In fact, no teacher or official does, inmost cases, become aware of the student as a humanwhole; he is known only by detached and artificialfunctions." This indictment of educational institutionscan be brought even more generally against penal andcorrectional institutions, where the individual rarelyemerges unless he is flagrantly anti-social or conspicuously useful. The bulk of any institution population,whether it is termed "the average student" or "the goodprisoner," slips along without much attention fromthose who have its welfare in charge.In correctional institutions, this mass-handling almostof necessity tends to favoritism, and is the fundamentalcause of many of the abuses which flourish in the abnormal atmosphere of custodial institutions, oftenwithout the knowledge of those in authority. To prevent this favoritism and corruption, and to give everyinmate an even chance to develop as far as her endowment permits and become a law-abiding and self-supporting member of her group, is our objective. Toward accomplishing this result, much has been learnedfrom hospitals for the insane, where many of the sameproblems are met in a scientific manner, in spite of the207208 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINElarge number ofcases handled. Bystaff meetings, atwhich each case onadmission is presented by one of thestaff and brought tothe attention of theSuperintendent andentire staff for diagnosis, treatment andfollow-up care, everypatient, howeverpoor or helpless, receives the advantageof the best advice thehospital affords.The same plan hasbeen in operation inthis institution fromthe start. A Classification Committee,consisting of the Superintendent, theClassification, the Psychologist, Resident Physician,Record Clerk, Head Teacher and Warders of theCottages, meets twice a week to consider the cases beforeit. To this committee are presented all incoming casesfor diagnosis and assignment. At the end of three months,the same cases appear again for detailed consideration; and are reassigned if change seems advisable. Disciplinary cases of a serious nature are brought before thecommittee. Cases that show personality difficulties arefrequently stabilized by bringing them before the committee every week for an indefinite period. At all thesemeetings, the inmate herself appears, her program isexplained to her, she is given an opportunity to share inthe plans for her future, and told where she is succeeding or failing. A report is presented in writing, also,from everyone who has official relations with the case,either in industrial development or cottage or school.The Physician presents a new medical report every threemonths, often permitting change of assignment. Nothing is left to chance, or a haphazard guess, or to individual memory, too often based on the last contact,whether pleasant or unfavorable. About 1300 casesappear before us each year. When a case comes up forParole, the committee presents to the Parole Board acontinuous history of the case from the time it wasreceived, with complete medical, industrial and conductreports.The Classification Committee thus diagnoses ourcases and prevents our making the mistakes in education, whether of omission or commission, which mayhave contributed to the delinquency of our pupils. Itswork is the mainspring of our re-educational programand the heart of the morale of the institution. It bringstogether at regular intervals an impartial group whoplan and formulate without prejudice or rancor. Itpermits no inmate to be neglected or overlooked.The Use of Davis HallFortunately the institution is provided with the facilities for carrying out the committee's recommendations.At the head of the upper quadrangle stands a Receivingor Classification building, to which new arrivals are taken for examination and the twoweeks' quarantinerequired of all on admission. This building has been namedKatharine B. DavisHall to memorializeDr. Davis' work ininitiating classification and scientifictreatment of delinquents. Here areheld the variousclinics where thetests are made andtreatments giventhat protect the institution from contagion as well as guarantee the health ofWillebrandt Hall the inmates. In thisDirector of building, after the quarantine period is over, the incoming women are held for observation, treatment andadjustment, until they can be sent on to a cottage, oruntil their room is needed for more urgent incomingcases.The cottages to which they can then be transferredare fifteen in number, housing about thirty each. Theseare separate units, each with its own living room, diningroom and kitchen and with individual bed-rooms. Infact, this institution is built along the lines alreadytaken by the best state reformatories for women andgirls, where it has been demonstrated that these smallerkitchens and home-units provide ampler opportunityfor training in cooking, table-service, house decorationand all phases of home-making, thus supplementing andillustrating the formal instruction given in the school.Should the case not prove suitable for transfer to acottage, it is kept under longer observation in the Receiving Building or taken to the Hospital proper, whichstands next to the Receiving Building. Here facilitiesare provided for surgical and medical cases. One of ourmain medical services is drug addiction. At the presenttime drug addicts comprise about half of our population, and for them the medical treatment is based on astudy of the needs of the individual patient. There isno "cure" or "treatment" that precludes the necessityof thorough physical examination, or a scientific consideration of the needs of the individual patient. Aregimen may be established for the majority of cases,but account is always taken of the attending symptomsof the individual, as in any other disease. When weconsider the great variation in the aetiology of drugaddiction, the infinite environmental and physical background which is never the same in two cases, individualization of treatment seems the only rational approach tothis difficult problem. Prolonged after-care under closeobservation, healthy outdoor occupation, a full programof work, study and recreation tending to build up newinterests and habits of thought must all be part of theprogram and be continued long after the physical craving has ceased, if there is to be a permanent"cure." All these must be matters of individual study,and readjustment should be made in the programTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 209from time to time, as new ambition is aroused.A third major building stands on the upper quadrangle,— the school building or Willebrandt Hall. Itcontains an assembly hall that seats the entire institution, a gymnasium for exercise in winter or bad weather,and class-rooms, library and teachers' offices. Thequestion of what and how to teach in an institution suchas this is a perplexing one. The potential pupils vary inprevious education from college graduates to illiterateAmericans and foreigners who can not read or write anylanguage. Their age ranges from 18 up. They enterschool on any day of the year, sent by courts from allparts of the United States as violators of Federal laws.Some are sick, some well; some willing, others unwilling.In this divergent and shifting population the teacherstry to organize a "school," suited to the needs of theindividual pupil and fitted into the necessary maintenance work of an institution. To carry out the injunction of the Enabling Act, elementary English andAmericanization classes are provided for the illiteratesof whom we have many. For those who have alreadyhad educational advantages, vocational work and supervised reading in subjects connected with their futureoccupations seem the obvious line to pursue.Individual Case WorkAssignment to work and school is made in every caseonly after individual study and on the recommendationof the Classification Committee. First, the physical condition must be considered, and on the recommendationof the resident physician, the newcomer is assigned tolight housework, outdoor work and full assignment, asthe symptoms indicate. Then comes the recommendation of the psychologist and teacher as to mental ratingand capacity. There follows an examination into thepast history, with especial attention to the work recordand social aspects of the case, with inquiry into the environment, family, possibilities of employment andother factors which should enter into any plans for thefuture. This information is assembled, summarized andpresented to the committee, which thereupon recommends an educational program.Frequently it is found that there is no class to fit theneeds of the particular case. It may bethat cooking, practical nursing or asimilar course wouldbe the best, but thatthe illiteracy o rshortness of sentencein the case preventsthe woman fromunderstanding o rcompleting thecourse. Modifiedcourses are thenplanned, suited tothe mentality o rshortened to fit thesituation. So far aspossible, the schedule is fitted to thepopulation. Forthose who can follow Davis Halland profit, commercial courses are offered includingstenography, typewriting, filing, business English andarithmetic. Just now, an inmate teacher is offeringclasses in Spanish, which are attended by both inmatesand staff. Courses in supervised reading, table service,cooking, laundry theory, home nursing and demonstration work in house decorating and furnishing alwayshave waiting lists. A dressmaking class makes the clothesfor the inmates who are going back to the community.In short, the school program is practical and elastic,constantly adjusted to the needs of the changing population, and made to serve so far as possible its primarypurpose of contributing to the economic rehabilitationof the women sent to the institution.Inmates who have had superior advantages are oftenused as pupil teachers under the direction of the headteacher, and with conspicuous success. In this way,ampler opportunity can be given to foreigners who needpractice in English, and to older women who havelacked or neglected educational advantages. No one istoo old to go to school. A woman 68 years of age whowished to learn to read and write so that she "might bea better wife when she went out" had her wish fulfilled.Education is regarded as a privilege and these adultilliterates are often pathetically eager. They realizethat this is their "only chance."Fundamental to all these assignments and programsis a consideration of the mental rating, without whichall effort at rehabilitation must proceed blindly. It isfutile to try to train a woman to be a nurse, for example,or a stenographer, if the mentality to grasp the necessarysubjects is lacking. Such well-intentioned but ill-advised effort only results in disappointment and deeperdiscouragement, and we merely waste time and strengthon a plan doomed to failure. In matters of discipline, itis useless to appeal to the reasoning power of a personwho does not have mentality enough to look to thefuture or "manage his affairs with ordinary prudence."In every case, we must know what we are dealing within order to deal fairly and wisely."The Goin'est Place"An institution is an abnormal group shut off fromnormal contacts andexpressions, hemmedin by prohibitions,and tense withsmouldering inhibitions and repressions. One of ourgreat problems is tofill the days withwork, recreation,and interests thatwill create an approximately normalatmosphere andfurnish healthy topics for thought andconversation. I naddition to our regular schedule of workand school, there isa varied routine ofactivities such as areTHE"; .IVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEor should be found in a normal community. We tryto have our recreational program an avenue of selfexpression so far as possible. Special programs of"Current Events" are presented each week; communitysings are held, with glee-clubs and choirs contributing special features. From time to time, plays, minstrels, operas and other entertainments are given, andbaseball, hikes and other outdoor sports and movieshave place in the program. One woman said: "Thisis the goin'est place I was ever in." Bird and TreeClubs number hundreds in their membership and enrich our life. Religious services are held regularly;evening prayers are conducted daily in the cottages andBible classes meet one evening a week. On Sundayevenings, a simple religious service is held in eachcottage, planned and conducted by the members of thecottage in turn. Every fall the industrial and educational life of the institution culminates in our "CountryFair," where the exhibits and the ingenuity displayedwould do credit to any community. Work for the RedCross at Christmas time brings out resource, initiativeand artistic ability unsuspected and previously undeveloped. In fact there is almost no end to the catalogueof our enterprises, nor any bottom to the spring ofgood-will and co-operation that can be tapped in emergencies.There is in each cottage, also, a "Co-operative Club,"organized for the purpose of "co-operating in the effortsbeing made for their improvement, physically, mentallyand spiritually." Membership is open to all, and isgraded into Probation Group, Electorate, and Executive Committee, which is elected by the Electorate.These clubs (a modified form of self-government) haveproved an incentive to rational conduct, and have beena stabilizing factor in the development of the Institution's morale. They offer scope for individual initiative, develop a sense of responsibility to the group, andtrain their members to use parliamentary procedure indiscussion.All of these activities are dove-tailed in with a fullprogram of work. This institution has no unemployment problem. On the contrary, it requires the closestbudgeting of time to get the maintenance work for acommunity of 600 done, and at the same time give theindividuals under our care the particular training they need for their future. A power laundry, truck farms,animal husbandry, lawns and greenhouses, the power-sewing department (which makes garments for otherbranches of the government as well as for other institutions under the Department of Justice), the kitchens,accounting office, store-house, clinic, hospital,— thesemust all be maintained "whether school keeps or not."We try to fit the task and the individual, and give everyassignment an educational value.The maintenance of the institution is a real cooperative project and is carried on with what the crossword puzzles call "elan,"— a spirit of dash and adventurethat creates the effect of spontaneity. Although there isscarcely a woman on the reservation who does not havegrim tragedy in her life, it is part of their code to put upa cheerful front. They learn to like work and to liketheir particular tasks. Even the garbage trucks maysuddenly blossom out with Delia Robbia-like garlandsof orange and grape fruit rinds; and flowers rescuedfrom the dump will assume a jaunty air as trimming forthe farm hat. The institution is beautifully situatedand well equipped; but the comment we like best tohear from our visitors is that our wards seem cheerfuland responsive,— not a grouch in a carload,— a long stepin self-control and re-education of the will."What becomes of them afterwards?" we are asked.It is difficult to follow up the results of our efforts, asour cases scatter over the whole country. We knowindirectly when they get into further trouble, and weare confident that a large percentage become firmly reestablished in their communities. Of the more than fivehundred cases selected for parole, only three per centhave been declared violators. The violators and recidivists are not returned to the institution. As Mr.Sanford Bates, the Director of the Prison Bureau, says:"The institution must not become an asylum or refugefor those who are not capable of receiving its advantagesor who have shown their inability to profit therefrom."Up to the present time we have admitted about 2,200women, and can say that their response to the beauty ofthe location, in itself a redemptive force, to the remedialinfluences brought to bear upon them, and to the opportunities afforded them, is an encouragement to all whoworked for the establishment of the institution and whohave believed that it might be a re-educational power.Addams HallAT THE MID WINTER DINNERI HESITATE to inject myself this evening betweenthe two eminent statesmen who are at this table.What I have to say will seem trivial and remote incontrast to the profound and penetrating pronouncements which they will inevitably utter. I take consolationin the fact that I shall be talking about your Alma Mater,and that your sentiment for her may arouse an interestin my remarks which may approach the enthusiasmwith which you will greet the comments of these twogenial individuals who seem fated to rule over us. Iknow that these gentlemen cannot discuss the University, at least with any degree of intelligence. One ofthem is a professor. The other is an alumnus. Theywill therefore,, I trust, confine themselves to matters ofstate, with which there is nobody more competent todeal, and leave the University to me.I must confess that large numbers of the faculty seemdetermined to leave the University to me. And theyappear to be leaving it for reasons of state. Hardly aday goes by that Mr. Secretary Ickes or one of his associates does not demand another of the Chicago faculty.Of course our toastmaster was one of the first to go,and is now on so many boards and commissions thathe comes to Chicago only to jeer at the President ofthe University. Sacrificing the interests of the Universityto the Nation we have lately released his colleague Mr.White to the Civil Service Commission. Not contentwith the monetary policy and its effect on Universityendowments we have sent Mr. Viner to set mattersstraight as special assistant secretary of the treasury. Inall, some forty-five members of the faculty have becomemembers of the government in some capacity or other.Soon, I fear, I shall be left alone with the HumanitiesDivision, and even that may yet go hence if Mr. Ickesdecides to promote the arts and literature in a big way.No branch of the University has been wholly free fromthe raids of the New Deal. Only the gratitude we feelto Mr. Ickes for what he has done for the oil businesshas kept us from filing a formal protest before this.Nevertheless I must admit that there never was atime when the researches of the University were in soflourishing a condition. We shall shortly see in published form the fruits of the monumental labors ofJohn Manly and Sir William Craigie. The Observatoryin Texas will be in some sort of operation next year.Chemistry, Botany, and Physiological Chemistry inworking together have begun to apply the techniquesof the physical sciences to the problems of humanbehavior; a former president of the University hasgone so far as to suggest that this work may be a turning point in scientific history. The Department of Education is about to enter on an extensive program ofpreparing curriculum materials for the schools with special reference to the social studies. The biological groupseems destined to become the American if not the worldcenter for the study of genetic biology and its socialramifications. These are simply samples of the activityon the Quadrangles, which in spite of the depression • By ROBERT M. HUTCHINS, Presidentand the defection of our colleagues, is at a higher pitchthan I have ever seen it. The recent publication of thelist of starred scientists would indicate that the University was more than holding its own in the generalarea in which it first won distinction, the area of scholarly investigation. In the Social Science Division wehave suffered a major loss in the departure of the dean,Mr. Ruml, who descended into Macy's basement inspite of everything we could do to stop him. To repairthis breach in our ranks we have selected one of yournumber, the brilliant anthropologist, Mr. Redfield asdean of the Division. Because of his familiarity withprimitive peoples he will doubtless be able to deal successfully with that faculty of which our toastmaster isone of the chief ornaments.The educational as distinguished from the scientificwork of the University is also I believe in better shapethan ever. The various changes that we have made inour organization and in the regulations affecting instruction have either worked out admirably or haverevealed to us how they may be made to do so. Forexample, the union of the College and the last twoyears of University High School has opened new possibilities of integration and articulation (two good words)in the field of general education. At the same time we cansee that as long as we have a comparatively small number of students in the last two years of high school anda comparatively large number in the freshman year ofcollege we cannot develop the kind of four-year curriculum we ought to have. The remedy lies in enlarging the number in the high school. One step in thisdirection which I think we ought to take is to name thewhole four-year unit the College. Another which almosteverybody thinks we ought to take is to secure for theCollege, so expanded, a lecture, office, and library building next* to the Men's Residence Halls on the south sideof the Midway.Two university enterprises initiated last year are nowgetting under way. They are the University Committeeon the Preparation of Teachers and the UniversityCommittee on History. The Committee on the Preparation of Teachers removes the responsibility of teachertraining from the School of Education and places itwhere it belongs— on the whole University. The Committee on History assembles the scholars and teachersinterested in historical work from all quarters of theQuadrangles and makes them available for the first timeto one another and to the historical student.In the Law School we are at the beginning of a significant new movement in legal education, the pre-professional program. For years law schools have declined to answer the question— what is the best preparation for law school work? The University Law Schoolinaugurated its four-year course of study this year, devoting its first year to a deliberate attempt to preparestudents for legal education. Next fall drastic changes—I think they are improvements— will appear in this first-year curriculum.211212 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe good old New Plan is now in its third year ofoperation. Although we have not spent enough money—we didn't have it— on the examining and advisory services, although criticisms have been made of some partsof the curriculum, nevertheless we can say without beingaccused of boasting that the organization and the systemcalled the New Plan have been a howling success. Someten or a dozen colleges and universities have imitatedall or part of it. It has brought us more and better students from places from which we never used to drawthem. At present 50% of the applicants for entrancesay that they want to come to the University on accountof the New Plan. The dire predictions of failure andfrustration that were made when we proposed to helpfreshmen educate themselves instead of forcing education on them have not been justified. The percentage offailure is almost the same as it was before. Nor has theplan had the effect of speeding up the educational process for students who require a long period of maturation. Actually more students are taking a longer timethan are taking a shorter one. They might have beenput on probation or perhaps expelled under the oldsystem. We did not inaugurate the scheme to enableourselves to award degrees more rapidly. We started itin the hope that we might find a way to adjust a largeuniversity to tha needs and capacities of the individual.This has been done. Sixty students presented themselves for examinations in September in subjects inwhich they had had no instruction. The general averageof this group was higher than the general average of theclass. The student with special abilities can now makeuse of them. The deliberate student of solid worthmay take his own time.We take some pride in the fact that these educationaland scientific advances have been made when the University was passing through* the first period of decliningincome it ever experienced. At the same time that wewere trying to do a constructive job we had to do adestructive one. We had to cut the general budget amillion and a quarter, or 22%. This we accomplishedwithout reducing faculty salaries. It is no secret, however, that if it had not been for falling prices our research would have been almost eliminated. Whereprices did not fall, as in the case of books, new purchaseswere practically stopped. Nor can we forget that inmaintaining faculty salaries we have reduced faculty incomes by abolishing extra compensation for teaching inHome Study and University College. This has beenparticularly hard on the younger men. They haveborne an added loss in failing to receive the salary increases which would have been made in normal times.Although we have taken no arbitrary measures, the sizeof the full-time staff has been reduced almost 121/2%through failing to replace those who retired or resigned.Some 350 courses have been dropped.This contraction has to a certain extent been beneficial. I am clear, however, that it cannot go on muchlonger without crippling the University. Through theforesight of the Board of Trustees the University hasbeen able to draw upon reserves accumulated in hap pier days. These reserves will not last forever. Wetherefore face the prospect of either reducing our activities, which would be ruinous, or increasing our income, which would be miraculous. I have faith, andso believe in miracles. I look for some improvementin our endowment income during the coming year andfor marked improvement in our tuition income. Thishas remained relatively steady during the depression.In this connection I should report that this year andlast the University has appropriated over $100,000 inadditional scholarships to keep students in college or topermit them to come.I look then for improvement in income from the usualsources. In addition I look for the continued and tremendously valuable support of the Alumni Gift Fundand the Citizens' Committee. We should also see helpcome from the newly organized Friends of the Libraryto that hard pressed institution.I cannot close this brief review of the year withoutsome reference to the negotiations with NorthwesternUniversity, lately terminated by agreement of bothBoards. We entered upon these negotiations in thechild-like hope of doing something to strengthen education and research in this community and of settingan example that might have some influence on thehigher learning in America. The revelation ofthese negotiations produced emotional crises insome quarters which would only have been justifiedon the assumption that the proposed merger was beingengineered by Mr. Roger Touhy. From such psychological disorders the alumni of the University of Chicago were happily free. It is a tribute to the educationthat you received even under the Old Plan that you retained your composure and your sense of humor in theface of the alarming and fantastic nonsense which appeared in some sections of the press. The agreementwe have now reached, to study the possibilities of cooperation, gives each university the chance to show itsgood faith and to make clear the high purposes whichactuate it. If we can put some co-operative arrangements into effect we shall be able to accomplish someof the results which consolidation might conceivablyhave achieved. But whether such arrangements are possible or not, no matter what happens, you may be surethat the University will never depart from the traditions and ideals which since its foundation have characterized your Alma Mater.When the discussion of merger was at its height I saidthat if the proposal did not go through I should shedsome natural tears. That was a quotation from thelast lines of Paradise Lost. Now I am in a position tocomplete the quotation."Some natural tears they dropped,but wiped them soon.The world was all before them. . . .And Providence their guide."Such natural tears as I have dropped have long sincebeen wiped. The world is all before us. May Providence be our guide.IF YOU MISSED ITTHE Fourth Annual Alumni Assembly is alreadywithdrawing into the realm of the historical, asplans for June Reunion increase in importanceon the alumni docket, but for the benefit of those whowere unable to be present at this glorious affair, we willattempt to review the proceedings very briefly.If we say that it was all that the announcement promised we are saying a good deal, but not too much.On March 17th, something like five hundred alumniand their friends, not to mention husbands and wives,gathered at the Knickerbocker Hotel. From six untilhalf past the hour they milled pleasantly about thelobby, greeting friends and visiting in an informalfashion. Promptly upon the stroke of six- thirty, theband struck up "Wave the Flag," and the guests enteredthe dining room, where the music and the grape-fruitdissolved any feeling of formality that might have survived and united the large group into one happy family.Incidentally, the new scheme of the Committee ofnumbering all tables, so that each alumnus had a definite place assigned before entering the dining room,proved a great success, and won much approval. Itassured those who planned on sitting together that theycould have their own tables, and provided dinner companions for those who came alone.The Oriental Ball Room of the Knickerbocker wasan attractive apartment for such an affair. A numberof alumni even noted with pleasure the unusual comfortof sitting at a table on the glass dance floor and warming their feet over the incandescent bulbs under theglass!While dinner was being served (and an excellentdinner it was, even though they did change back tocream of celery soup after all we said about the consomme) the band played, and the Strolling Friars, aspecial group of singers from the famous order of Blackfriars, entertained with a selection of Chicago songs.Chairman Paul Russell succeeded the ice cream andintroduced the main program of the evening, tellingfirst something of the work of the Alumni Council, andconcluding with a superior after-dinner-story about anaffable Englishman and a reserved Chinese.Charles E. Merriam, professor and head of the department of Political Science, acted as toastmaster, introducing President Hutchins and Secretary Ickes, confessing as he did so, that it was the golden opportunityof his life to repay all his old scores. Whether he did so or not, he made an ideal toastmaster, and the audiencethoroughly enjoyed his comments.President Hutchins returned Mr. Merriam's compliments in kind, and spoke on the work of the University.His speech appears in full on another page of this issueof the Magazine.In introducing the Secretary of the Interior, Toast-master Merriam expressed the pleasure and pride ofall present in this distinguished member of the alumnifamily. Mr. Ickes' talk was most informal, not a prepared speech on political affairs, but an intimate discussion of his work and the place that all the Universityalumni must fill in the present national emergency. Heurged that all who had enjoyed the benefits of Collegeand University work realize the great need of trainedminds in government. If politics as a profession is ignored by the group best fitted for public responsibilitywe can only expect the sort of chaos nationally thatChicago so beautifully illustrates in the local field.Mr. Ickes expressed the hope that in August, when allthe funds that are being distributed under his administration get into circulation, there would be a sharp,noticeable improvement in conditions throughout thecountry. He deplored the fact that state and localgovernments had proved as uncooperative as many hadin putting available funds to work.College people, he added, are doing their part to avery great extent at Washington; he quoted a numberof instances of University professors and scholars, andprofessional men who have given up their private interests to devote their time and skill to governmentadministration.After hearing Mr. Ickes' remarks, it was a great sourceof satisfaction to many alumni to realize that two of theUniversity's staff were already entered in the primaryrace as candidates for public office: T. V. Smith, whohopes to combine philosophy with the duties of thestate legislature, and Kenneth Rouse, the University'sfield representative, who has designs on the office ofSheriff of Cook County.As the alumni departed, it was generally felt thathere was a new and significant sort of alumni meeting.Not only were the guests filled with felicity and filetmignon, but they had, through their continued relationship with their University, gained a new idea, anew insight into the meaning of being an alumnus ofwhat we consider the finest University in the world.Back to the MidwayJune 8-9213FIVE YEARS IN THE LIBRARY• By M. LLEWELLYN RANEY, Director of the LibrariesFOR the past decade the library has claimed not alittle thought, and it will take a deal more if theUniversity keeps its health. This is natural enoughif, as often asserted, the library is the heart of the institution. But natural or not, there was no escapingthe problem raised by the erection of Harper MemorialLibrary. This structure, dedicated in 1912, stands whereit should, for it is easily reached from every direction.Further, in a long line of great architectural distinction,it carries itself well. Again, it rightly bears the honoredname of the first president. But the stacks overflowed -infive years,, and the functional miscalculation was evenmore serious, for the books were put underground, thestudents generally on the third floor, and the facultyfarther away still. This would be wasteful even if thedenial of direct access to the shelves were an advisablepolicy. For scholars who live by books, the arrangementis trying to the extreme. Only the rise of several newbuildings, each drawing off material from Harper, actedto postpone the inevitable day of reconstruction.Meanwhile a committee was named to devise a futurepolicy. It brought in a divided report. One part advised a great central tower; the other, a continuance ofthe Harper plan through a series of contiguous buildings. This tentative report, printed in 1924, did notcome to a vote of either the Faculty or the Trustees, andin 1925 the untimely death of President Burton, whowas also Director of Libraries, brought a halt to discussions till his two successors could be chosen.Now a new idea is suggested, and plans in obedienceto it are being elaborated. This idea, which has received the unanimous endorsement of the Board of Libraries, calls for two major concentrations— one in connection with Harper, the other somewhere between theold laboratory and the new medical groups of buildings.Each would doubtless be of tower shape, though not ofunseemly height, with Harper kept for administrationand its reference reading room. The former, set in theHarper court, would care for the humanities and thesocial sciences which surround it. The latter, situatedpossibly on the Bookstore corner, would be the capitolfor the natural sciences, containing the biological andmedical collections, perhaps those in psychology andanthropology also, plus the older material in the othersciences nearby, as well as quarters for a department ofthe history of science. In addition to these main concentrations, there would be working libraries elsewhereas common sense dictated, and, quite specifically, anadequate separate provision for the College, reflectingthe lessons learned from the interesting new plan ofundergraduate instruction now in evolution at the University. Thus one ghost that long troubled the Quadrangles has been quietly laid.A roof over the head is important but only if thereare important heads beneath it. A university is a community of scholars. They must have a place to work,but the place will be a delusion if competency is hamstrung and isolated. The genuineness of a university at any given time will be gauged by the answer to threequestions: Has it explorers with imagination? Are theyin control? Have they outside contacts? It is the function of the library to provide base and communication;the effort to strengthen these is our chief concern.The book fund was stepped up fifty per cent, so that,in the triennium beginning July 1, 1929, Chicago amongAmerican universities was surpassed by Harvard only,the average exceeding two hundred thousand dollars ayear. This was due mainly to gifts and special grants.When these fell away in 1932 and the budget was cut,the library suffered injury more severely than its fellows,falling now to half its old expenditure and below Harvard, Columbia, Yale, and Michigan. The Universitycannot long survive such a strain on its heart.But the larger book allowance, while available, wasdue also in part to management. The administrativeand technical processes were early subjected to rigorousanalysis, with the result that, though the staff receivedthree salary advances and though eight new serviceswere initiated, the salary total decreased five per cent,falling from 71 per cent of all library outlay to nearly50 per cent. This action antedated the depression. Theeight new services inaugurated were: a social sciencereading room, rare book quarters, map library, libraryschool branch, college library, dormitory library, document and fugitive material centres. The last two resulted from the institution of a library cabinet, with asocial science professor receiving the first portfolio.The social science reading room was created by throwing together several rooms on the first floor of Harperimmediately above the stack holding such material.There are seats for about a hundred graduate studentsand shelving for some ten thousand reference and reserve books. This is a distinct gain, but a mere makeshift pending a new building. Seats come far short.The rare book quarters take up a Harper tower floor,and at present hold about 20,000 volumes. These roomsare steadily used, a normal annual attendance beingfour thousand.The map library, set up on the first floor of Rosenwald Hall, has met a long-felt want. In the brief spanof five years, over 50,000 pieces have been accumulatedand made available by orderly filing. The nucleus ofthis collection was about 10,000 maps released for anominal sum by the John Crerar Library under a changeof policy. A geography building is an ardent hope.The Graduate Library School not only maintains abranch library in its quarters on the first floor of Harper,but, to observe student tastes and work out techniquesfor the stimulation of reading, it has been given themanagement of the library of over 1,800 volumes provided for the recreation of those in the men's residencehalls across the Midway.The College Library, upon which a separate reportwill be given in an early issue of the Magazine, wasestablished in support of the New Plan courses, in asuite of rooms in Cobb Hall. The central collection214THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 215now numbers about 10,000 volumes* and the circulationexceeds one hundred thousand a year. Supplementingand antedating this is a branch devoted to the modernlanguages. It numbers about 2,500 volumes. A secondbranch, occupying a room in the Classics Building, andcovering the history of western thought, has about 800volumes supporting a course initiated by PresidentHutchins.The other service extensions mentioned above are apart of the next improvement in conditions securedthrough closer integration with Faculty and Trustees.The Board of Libraries has been reorganized on a representative basis, with at least one appointee for eachDivision and professional school, plus administrativeofficers. To match this body, the Trustee Committeeon Instruction and Research has been given purview ofthe library. These two bodies hold a joint session eachautumn— the only place where Faculty and Trusteesmeet for business. In addition several standing Facultycommittees have been named advisory to the Directorof Libraries. These are concerned respectively withdocuments, fugitive materials, history of science, manuscripts, maps, and newspapers. This picture of integration is to be completed by the gradual building up of alearned library staff in its upper levels. The AssociateDirector already named for the social sciences, especiallyto point up a policy in documents, fugitive materials,and newspapers, as chief source materials, should befollowed by similar appointments for the other Divisions, etc., while departmental librarians at the nextlevel are now chosen from those acquainted with thesubject matter to be handled.Chicago Alumni inAsia— AprilHow Not to Understand the East— NathanielPeffer, '11American Mercury— MarchCensorship on the Air, Mitchell Dawson, 'n, JD'14A Critique of War Makers, Frederick L. Schuman,'24, PhD'27Forum— MarchGold Standard, New Style, Frank A. Vanderlip, '96Liberty— March 24Will Japan Seize Alaska? Arthur R. Robinson, '14 This all led readily to a general cooperative surveyof the library, the results of which were published in a250-page volume last spring. Some two hundred members of the Faculty joined the library staff in this expertevaluation of the collections. The result indicated theneed of a library between Yale and Harvard in size.Subjected to careful revision, the most desirable additions totaled something over 700,000 volumes. Thelibrary has now a little over a million volumes. Theaddition would lift it from fourth place among American universities to third, or a position about midwaybetween Yale and Columbia.Under this plan the University of Chicago is thoughtof as the centre of science and scholarship for the greatregion bounded by the Alleghenies, the Rockies, thelakes, and the Gulf. National economy of human andmaterial resources demands regional concentration ofpower. These library findings are regional, the holdings of the whole area being taken into account andneedless duplication avoided. With specializationamong institutions recognized, Chicago would carrychief responsibility.The Middle West has a great destiny. The functionof the University is to influence it to great strategy inthe movement of the nation upward. That destiny canbe realized only if fealty be given to lasting values— thearts have honor, procedures be scientific, and socialjustice prevail. The attainment of these ends requiresraw materials and steady contact with the best minds ofthe race. It is the privilege of the library to providesuch store and congress. To that end our energies bend.e Current MagazinesRed Book— AprilGod Has No Red Ink, Mary Synon, '00Survey Graphic— MarchWhat About Mothers' Pensions? Grace Abbott,PhM'09Single Blessedness, Wayne McMillan, ex-g.A Year of Roosevelt, Harold L. Ickes, '97, JD'07Saturday Evening Post— March 10Autumn Boy Friend, Lucy Stone Terrill, '14Scribners— AprilThe Economic Morality, Bernard Iddings Bell, '07SCIENTISTS AND STARSArtist's drawing of the McDonald Observatory. The entire design of the dome and of the telescope is the workof the Warner and Swasey Company of Cleveland. McDonald Observatory is being built by the University of Texas,in the Davis Mountains, and will be operated jointly by the University of Chicago and the University of Texas.The building will contain offices, a library, darkrooms and work shops, while the observing floor above the circularbalcony will be devoted entirely to the handling of the telescope.Chicago's Star(To Edwin Brant Frost of the Yerkes Observatory)By Horace Spencer FiskeArcturus, flaming outpost on the misty verge ofthings,Surpassing all the splendors of the earth's ambitious kings,—Chicago, marching city, with her strenuous cry"I Will,"Salutes you as her guiding star, while all hersenses thrill.For she feels your far-flung impulse in therhythmic waves of light That touch to life and beauty after forty yearsof flight.Refrain:Arcturus, O Arcturus, Chicago's flamingstar,Inspire us with your beauty and touch uswith your power,That our Chicago's destiny may brightenevery hour.216IN MY OPINION• By FRED B. MILLETT, PhD '31, Associate Professor of EnglishTHE nature poets of our time, whatever theirdivergences (and they are many and important),agree in their love of the gracious comely English countryside, and their interest in the lives of thosewho, living for generations close to nature, have takenon something of the impassivity of nature and thewisdom of the instinctive.*The finest of the poets whose major subjects arenature and man living close to nature is A. E. Housman,the unquestionable individuality of whose work illustrates the distinction with which a highly sophisticated nature can re-interpret familiar material. Thestoicism of Housman has deep and various roots: hisknowledge of the ways of thought of those whose livesare one with the rhythmic growth and decay of natureand whose personal impulses are dwarfed by the spectacle of resurgence and evanescence, and his deep knowledge and sympathy with classical stoicism. The alwaysironic and sometimes grim tone of Housman's work ismade tolerable to multitudes of readers and imitatorsby the classical fastidiousness, the mosaic-like perfectionof his artistry. An Horatian scrupulosity is concealedbehind an art that is not less studied for all its appearance of careless ease. Housman's wide and in some respects regrettable influence on younger and more flippant writers does not diminish his personal stature.At an opposite, extreme from Housman in sophistication and complexity of culture are the personality andwork of W. H. Davies. A veritable "innocent" abroadin an increasingly urban world, Davies has contrived tokeep his spirit fresh and clear from the impurities ofmodern sophistication. Genuinely in revolt againstthe ugliness and impersonality of urban life, Daviesfinds in the cultivation of simple, tender feelings aboutthe beauty of nature and of animal life, the satisfactionsthat a complex and exacting world can not offer. Andhis artistry is as artless as his ideas and emotions. At itsbest, it has a spontaneity and lucidity, a simplicity andcharming directness that we associate, however erroneously, with childhood. But, at its worst, (and Daviesseems almost devoid of the power of self-criticism) hisverse runs dangerously near to doggerel, and the honestyand sweetness of his spirit hardly furnish less idyllicnatures more than a sense of vicarious escape. OnDavies, in particular, the ineptitudes, the false simplicity, the cockney unreality of "Georgian" poetry,must be blamed.Similar in spirit, but superior to Davies in artistryis the restrained output of Ralph Hodgson. His motifsare singularly few: the love of animals, the hatred ofcruelty, and a kind of ecstatic joy in all living creatures.Almost tractarian at his feeblest, Hodgson by his search-ingly self-critical art and his powerful imagination attained supreme expression in a Song of Honour andthe Bull, no less than in two or three marvellously fresh*The following remarks are excerpts from the critical introduction to the forthcoming edition of Manly and Rickert's Contemporary British Literature. lyrics. Edmund Blunden's early work was realistic inobservation, diction, and feeling. But he has movedrapidly out of the vein of his hardy pastoralism, and,although his poetry, written under the influence of JohnClare and the seventeenth century mystical poets,Herbert and Vaughan, has lost something in vitality, ithas gained in purity of tone and feeling. But Blundenis too considerable a figure to be regarded as merelyGeorgian.The poets we have designated as Georgian are variously admirable. Their imitators and followers,the rank and file of the "Georgians," emphasized theirweaknesses rather than their virtues, and their tepidand feeble verses about lambs and birds, dogs andflowers, provoked a legitimate reaction against the falsepastoralism of cockney mediocrities. In all probability, some of the excesses of "Georgianism" were anunconscious escape from the horrid realities of the waryears, an overvaluation of rurality and quietude in contrast to the rootlessness and cacophonies of militarylife. At any rate, against the tepidities of "Georgianism," as against the lukewarmnesses of Tennysonianism,the innovators of the post-war period have been in complete revolt.- Nature viewed with teal or assumed simplicity has become an anathematized subject.•Poetry and the War. The war boomed, not onlypatriotism, but poetry, for hundreds of men, stirredmore deeply and less selfishly than they had ever been,or ever were to be stirred, were moved to distil theirexcess emotion into something resembling poetry. Inevitably, most of the literary results of this internationalpsychosis have a merely pathological significance. Inevitably, too, the pathos or tragedy of lives horriblystamped out lent (and still lends) an adventitious significance to work of no great import. Most fortunate inthis respect is the still radiant memory of RupertBrooke, whose passing apotheosis reveals a young manof romantic proclivities well checked by the youthfulcynicism with which Donne and the Jacobeans infectedhim. His promise was, and ever must be, debatable.Less fecund but in some ways more individual is thepoetic output of Wilfrid Owen, whose battlefield emotions have a reality far beyond conventional patriotism.His poetry celebrates the intense comradeship floweringin the isolation of that remote, fantastic, horrible worldin which men lived cut off from the timidities and decencies and comforts of civilian life. The honesty andauthenticity of Owen's observations and emotions areenhanced by an individual technique, especially apparent in his handling of metre and his substitution ofassonance for rhyme.For such war-poets as survived the conflict, peace hadits ordeals no less than those of war. Peace has revealed the emptinesses of Robert Nichols' pretty wartime fancies. Siegfried Sassoon, at first accepting without question the conventional attitudes of patrioteers,revolted into a crude and violent pacifism. His later2172l8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEwork has been less violent and more conventional, and,though the satirical strain is recurrent, his lyrics inrecent years have been deeply personal rather thanstridently social.Probably the poems inspired by the war that are mostlikely to survive are not the maudlinly patriotic or theaggressively horrible or pacifistic but such restrainedand universalized treatments of war-time emotions asMasefield's "August, 1914" and Hardy's "In the Timeof the Breaking of Nations." On the development ofpoetry since the war, that catastrophic disruptive experience has had but little technical and but slight intellectual effect.Imagism. After the revolt of the aesthetic and muscular poets in the nineties, the next literary revolt ofconsequence coincided with the war and disappeared*almost completely with it. This revolt is the movementknown as imagism. The credit fpr launching the movement belongs to the American ex-patriate, Ezra Pound,who, under the influence of T. E. Hulme, persuaded anumber of kindred spirits to publish the anthology,Des Imagists, in 1914. This was followed by SomeImagist Poets, which the American poet, Amy Lowell,edited in 1915, and by others of the same title in 1916and 1917. The major principles of the imagist creed,as stated in their manifesto in Some Imagist Poets(1915) may be summarized thus: (1) to use the language of common speech but to employ the exact word;(2) to create new rhythms as the expression of newmoods; (3) to allow absolute freedom in the choice ofsubject; (4) to present an image, not vague generalities; (5) to produce poetry that is hard and clear; (6) to aimat concentration, since concentration is the very essenceof poetry. It is clear that these purposes were provokedby the vague and rotund generalities of decadentVictorian poetry. It is also clear that to confine poetryto the presentation of images, however vivid and arresting, is to circumscribe it unduly. No one of the poetsassociated with the imagist movement was long content to work under the heavy restrictions of this dogmatic creed.Of the poets concerned with the early history of theimagist group, D. H. Lawrence has proved the mostnoteworthy. His energetic response to vitality in flowersand animals, the quivering energy of his representations,the spasmodic and eruptive nature of his emotionalecstasies made the imagistic technique an appropriatemedium for his writing. But, though Lawrence neversuccumbed to technical conservatism, he was too mystical, too passionately and destructively critical a natureto content himself with the limitations of an essentiallysensational medium, and his later work, rough and fragmentary as much of it is, is a more powerful expressionof his prophetic denunciations and visions than hispurely imagistic work.Nor has imagism retained the allegiance of RichardAldington, whose satirical nature was soon irked by thisnarrow creed. Fine as Aldington's miniature-like imagistic poems were, his analytical and brooding spirit hasfound in fantasy or in a sort of sublimated colloquialisma more fit organ for vital expression. Only F. S. Flint,one of the leaders of the movement, remained faithfulto the original creed, but his post-war work has beennegligible in substance and influence.AN ELECTRICAL ALUMNUSJohn Mills, '01, has just had published, throughHarcourt, Brace and Company, "Signals and Speechin Electrical Communication." The publishers describe it as "a book in short, clearly written chapters,free from mathematics and diagrams, which is areadable exposition of the general principles— thewhy and how— of electrical transmission both by wireand by radio. It explains, correlates and synthesizes,developing in lucid manner the real philosophy ofthe communication arts. From howling telephoneto crystal clock, from dial telephones to the controldials of a radio studio, the book tells the remarkablestory of electrical communication." They addfurther a biographical comment which will interest his friends, "The author is an engineer with a scoreor more patents to his credit, who was engaged forseveral years in research work in electrical communications." Mills has been with the Bell Telephone Laboratories since 1911, as a member of thetechnical staff, working on research in problems oflong distance telephony, both transcontinental andtransatlantic. Lately he has been more concernedwith personnel and publications. An earlier volumefrom his pen rejoiced in the title "Letters of a Radio-Engineer to his Son." As the son, John Mills, Jr.,'32, grew up to be the very accomplished photographer whose pictures adorn the University of Chicago Magazine cover each month, we are wonderingwhat father's advice was.NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLESTHE Great Merger Mystery is no longer either amystery or a merger. The negotiations lookingtoward consolidation of the University of Chicago and Northwestern University, revealed to a ratherstartled alumni group last autumn, came to an end asunexpectedly on February 24th. On that day the presidents of the two universities, Robert M. Hutchins andWalter Dill Scott, and the presidents of the two boardsof trustees, Harold H. Swift and John H. Hardin, madepublic the findings of their respective board committeesin a joint statement. The committees recommended:(1) That the proposal of a merger of the two universitiesbe laid aside and the committees discharged; (2) Thatthe presidents of the two universities continue to consider the possibilities of such closer cooperation as willproduce the best results for higher education.President Hutchins indicated informally that tkecommittees were not convinced that a reasonable unanimity of opinion could be reached at this time. "Aslong as the proposal of merger was agitated, it agitatedeverybody and we could not get a calm, dispassionatestudy of the possibilities," he remarked. "Possibly webegan at the wrong end and should have studied thefield of cooperation first."Reaction at the Midway, aside from a feeling of relief that the labor and general nuisance of makingdrastic readjustments is not imminent, was of two kinds.First, the I-told-you school of thought, which pointedto the extreme difficulties encountered at other institutions in attempts to merge. And second, the merger-is-inevitable school, which holds that higher institutionsgenerally will eventually come to see the wisdom, evennecessity, of intimate cooperation. President Hutchins isearnest about this cooperation, even though it is asecond-best solution, and apparently there are specificproposals to be discussed between him and PresidentScott. Even after the merger plan had been formallylaid aside, the law faculties of the two universities, oftheir own volition, held several joint meetings and discussed a very close form of cooperation; but this, too,was laid aside for a year.Government-MindedThe campus has recently developed more than itsusual interest in matters political and governmental.This is in part due to the fact that two members of theUniversity community are candidates for office in theforthcoming local primaries of April 10th. KennethRouse, captain of the Maroon football team in 1927,is a candidate for the Republican nomination forSheriff of Cook County; and Professor T. V. Smith isa candidate for the Democratic nomination for StateSenator in the local district.Rouse, who is well-remembered by alumni for hisexploits on Stagg Field, is at present the University'sfield representative, in charge of promotion work inmiddle western high schools. He rejected an offer by Mr.Stagg to become an assistant coach in 1928, choosing to • By JOHN P. HOWE, '27devote all of his time to graduate study in criminologyunder Clarence Vollmer, famous police chief of Berkeley, California, then a professor at the quadrangles.He believes there is a future for professionally trainedpolice administrators. Two years ago he took the Chicago police examinations and was ranked third amongseveral thousand applicants. He is aligned with theprogressive wing of the local G.O.P., and his candidacyis backed by President Hutchins, Professor Merriam,Commissioner Griffith of the Big Ten and other intelligent notables. Arnold R. Baar, another alumnus ofthe University, is a candidate for the Board of Appealswith Rouse's group. Both Rouse and Baar are membersof Phi Beta Kappa.Professor Smith, the University's most inveterate radiobroadcaster and one of its most popular figures, isbacked by Governor Horner and the Democratic organization. He was induced to run by Citizens' Action,a public spirited group in the University communitywhich has found enthusiastic workers among theyounger men working for the various semi-officialgovernmental agencies now clustered around thecampus.In his address at the fourth annual Alumni Assembly,Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes urged collegemen and women to play active roles in politics. Thefollowing week a group of University seniors headedby Wayne Rapp, president of the class, held a meetingat the DKE house to see what could be done about it.A number of University alumni, incidentally, are listedas candidates in the forthcoming primary. In additionto Rouse and Baar, alumni candidates include JudgeSamuel Heller, PhB '13, MA '31; and William J.Grace, Law '14, both of whom are seeking the Republican nomination for County Judge; Archie Bernstein, PhB and Law '22, who is seeking the Republicannomination for Municipal Judge; and J. M. Braude,JD '20, who is seeking the Democratic nominationfor Municipal Judge.A most important addition to the roster of facultymembers serving the national government was made!during the month. Professor Jacob Viner, one of themost brilliant of the University's economists, was appointed special assistant to Secretary of the TreasuryMorgenthau. At the Midway he is known as a "middle-of-the-road" economist, which means that he is moreconservative than most of the government's economicadvisers.A member of the Chicago faculty since 1916, whenhe was 24 years old, Dr. Viner has been on leave ofabsence since last autumn, lecturing at the Institutefor Higher Studies, Geneva, Switzerland. ProfessorMillis, head of the University's economics department,describes him as "one of the ablest of American economists—an authority on monetary theory, internationaltrade and government finance, the three fields mostvital to his new post." He has been editor of the Journalof Political Economy since 1928, and he has completed210220 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEa general treatise on international trade which will bepublished this summer.By our count a total of 22 members of the University faculty have performed services for the government since the inauguration of President Roosevelt.New KingsA gap of a thousand years in the story of ancientcivilization will be filled in by a tablet from the libraryof King Sargon, brought to Chicago last month by Director James Henry Breasted of the Oriental Instituteof the University of Chicago. The tablet, found in thepalace of Sargon at Khorsabad, which is being excavated by an Oriental Institute expedition, of which Dr.H. Frankfort is field director, was brought to Dr.Breasted in New York by messenger from Beirut, whereDr. Frankfort had taken it.The famous Orientalist described the discovery "as"an epoch-making historical tablet." Discovered by Mr.Gordon Loud, of the expedition staff, in the rubbishwhich covered the palace, the tablet is from the greatroyal library which Sargon established.Mr. Loud had found colophons on tablets whichshowed that such a library existed, but heretofore notrace of the library had been found. Sargon's son,Sennacherib, may have taken it to Nineveh' when thepalace at Khorsabad was abandoned after Sargon'sdeath. The priceless tablet apparently had been misplaced.Measuring $i/2 by 714 inches, the baked clay tabletis covered en both sides by cuneiform writing in fourcolumns, containing nearly 350 lines. Although thetablet has not been carefully translated, examinationhas shown that the writing gives in summary the reignsof about ninety-five kings of Assyria."The importance of this record may be estimated ifwe remember that our chronology of rulers, whichhitherto has furnished the framework of Assyrian history, goes back only to the last centuries of the secondmillennium B. C," Dr. Breasted says."Before the discovery of this new chronology, wehave known not more than three or four names ofkings, and these were unrelated to contemporary history or to earlier and later rulers."On our new tablet, however, we have the kings ofAssyria in unbroken succession from about the twenty-third or twenty-fourth century, B. C, down to Ashur-nirari V (753-746), a period of about fifteen hundredyears. Ushpia, the earliest Assyrian king of whom weeven knew the name, appears in our list as the last of adynasty of nine kings who preceded him."Beginning with the period shortly after 2000 b.c.our list states the number of years that each king ofAssyria ruled. It thus furnishes a totally new, chronologically detailed, chapter in our knowledge of Assyrianhistory."The tablet is the property of the Iraq government,which has agreed that it remain in the Oriental Institute until it has been copied and studied for the use ofhistorians. This work will be done by Professor ArnoPoebel of the Oriental Institute.Social PredictionProfessor William F. Ogburn of the sociology department, who was recently raised to a Distinguished Service professorship, is one of the most fertile minds inthe University precincts. He is America's most authoritative and most persistent social forecaster; and he directed the research activities of the Hoover SocialTrends group. He believes that the University mightwell establish a Department of Social Prediction. Nextmonth he is bringing out a series of 25 charts depictingthe most important social trends in the United States.Last month he gave two addresses, one on the futureof invention, and the other on the future of the family.From the latter we cull the following remarks:"It is not true, as one magazine article has so flippantly put it, that 'Fifty years from now there will beno Marriage.' Fifty-five per cent of the population over15 years were married in 1890 and 60% are marriednow. Larger per cents of the population are marriedeach decade, and families are being formed at youngerages as the years go by, though not so young as amongsome primitive peoples. About one in ten goes throughlife without marrying."Though there are more families now than at thebeginning of the century, many more families are beingbroken by divorce now than at that time. About one insix couples are divorced at some time in their lives.It is true that; the divorce rate has declined 25% since1929. Is this a sign of a happier life? Like the declinein surgical operations during a depression, these socialoperations are not necessarily indications of bettersocial health. Usually the divorce mills grind fasterafter a depression is over. Divorces will probably continue to increase, but so will marriages. And manydivorced persons, of course, remarry in search of theelusive happiness."The average family in the United States now hasless than four persons in it. For every ten families thereare 35 persons, consisting of parents, children, husbands,and wives, and 3 relatives and 2 lodgers or servants, orabout 4 persons for a household. The family will continue to get smaller since the birth rate shows no tendency to stop declining in the near future. In some ofour, big cities at present one in every two families haveno children living at home."Electricity is a friend of the home, whereas steam isone of its enemies, Dr. Ogburn said. "The family haslost most of- its older productive functions, except cooking, housekeeping, laundering and the care of children.Electricity is its friend, and is slowing- up the departureof cooking, laundering, and housekeeping, restoring theproduction of ice, and is bringing back some of therecreational function."With the decrease in the family's importance as aneconomic unit, which is largely due to steam, as usedin mass production, other family functions havedwindled also, so that the members spend less time athome and more outside, in stores, offices, factories,schools, clubs, parks, etc., Dr. Ogburn said."The chief function of the family remaining is thatof developing the personality of its young, and providing personality satisfactions for its adult members aswell as its young. This may be done even better without the economic functions, since the whole attentionof the family may be directed to personality problems."Small size families present somewhat more difficulties in this regard, since it is known that oldest chil-(Continued on next page)DEAR EDITOR"T* READ with interest the article in the FebruaryI number of the Magazine on starred men in science.-*- I note several errors in connection with the Chemistry Department. Herman A. Spoehr, listed underBotany, and Robert S. Mulliken, listed under Physics,are both PhD's of the Chemistry Department. S. Allison,also one of our PhD's, was starred in 1933, but is notlisted at all, and Carl S. Miner, starred in 1927, although he did not continue to the PhD degree, received all of his academic training in our department.This will give a total in the years 1927-33 of 11 men,thus putting chemistry at Chicago ahead of Harvardwith 8 and of Columbia with 7; in the 1933 list, Chicagoand Columbia each have 5 while Harvard has 4.While I do not consider this method of rating departments very significant, I believe that if such an articledeserves to be published, it deserves to be corrected.Very truly yours,H. I. Schlesinger, Professor of Chemistry—By Way of Reply. . . "Professor Schlesinger is blaming me for somethings I am not at all to blame for. It is not apparentfrom American Men of Science that Spoehr, starred inbotany, and Allison and Mulliken, starred in physics,received their PhD's in chemistry. That these menleft chemistry and became eminent in another scienceis, of course, unfortunate, from the point of view of departmental rivalry."I regret the omission of S. K. Allison from the list ofalumni. He should be mentioned in the next issue ofthe Magazine. (Mr. Allison, '21, PhD'23, chemistry,is professor of physics at the University of Chicago, ed.)Allison was included in the list of recently starred members of the faculty sent to President Hutchins the day Isent you the manuscript of the article, as was the nameof Mulliken. I do not see how he came to be omittedfrom the article. I am also sorry that Mulliken's addresswas given as that of 1927, when he was starred, insteadof his present address, which is Chicago."Prof. Schlesinger's desire to count Miner, who does("News of the Quadrangles" continued)dren and only children have more personalitydifficulties. The family will continue to give more freedom to the personality but will not decline in significance."NotesFirst evidence of Spring is the appearance of Buildings and Grounds men spraying the campus trees andrenewing their never-ending struggle with the recalcitrant lawns. The; campus is, in fact, handsomer than inmany a year, partly because of the regrettable fact thatno new buildings have been started in the past two yearsand that those completed in the great seven-year burstof activity which ended in 1932 have lost their staringnewness. . . . The Daily Maroon has gone intellectual,what with endless letters to the Editor and numerous not have the doctorate, should lead them to encouragehim to receive the degree, which he appears to merit,rather than to his criticising me for not including Mineramong a list of PhD's."It would be fine if various chairmen or secretaries ofdepartments would check on the lists in the article, correcting them as need occurred. If they will do this, youshould publish a brief statement of corrections. I hope,however, that you will perface it with a statement thatmost of these corrections were based on information notavailable to me, who used only American Men of Science. I defy anyone to discover there from that thatSpoehr, Mulliken and Allison received their PhD's withchemistry as their major subject."S. K. Allison is counted in the table of college graduates, but not in that of PhD's."If Spoehr, Allison and Mulliken are accredited tochemistry Chicago would surpass Columbia and Harvard in the number of men starred in 1927 or 1930 whoreceived the PhD in chemistry. But the rank of the department in the advanced training of starred chemistswould not be altered. I believe, therefore, that the statement given in the article as to the department's rank isless misleading than it would be to count as chemiststhree men who have become distinguished in othersciences."If Spoehr were subtracted from Botany, the departments' rank would be unaltered. The same is true forphysics, if Allison and Mulliken are subtracted."In other words, the error that Schlesinger haspointed out, which I especially regret, is the omission ofAllison from the list of alumni who have been starred.And you will please do what you can do to correct thatomission."Please send a copy of this letter to Professor Schlesinger if you think best."Any other comments that you receive will of courseinterest me."Sincerely yours,Stephen S. Visher,, author of StarredMen of Science, February, 1934special columns devoted to educational theory. Theissue of March 8th, containing special articles by students criticizing the New Plan syllabi as failing toachieve New Plan philosophy, evoked particular controversy, including an opposition petition; nevertheless, the older activities breeze merrily along, includingthe Mirror performances, the Settlement show, and thepreparations for Blackfriars. . . . Georg K. F. Mannof St. Paul, who received the AB degree at the University's 175th Convocation, March 20th, was the firstmember of the original New Plan class which entered in1931 to win the bachelor's degree. He completed therequirements for a degree in two years and six months.Gifts totaling $177,000 were made to the Universityduring the Winter quarter, most of it consisting of renewal of research grants from the Eastern foundations.221ATHLETICSScores of the MonthBasketballChicago, 28; Indiana, 30Chicago, 30; Ohio, 33Chicago, 44; Carbondale Tchrs., 21Chicago, 30; Indiana, 39Chicago, 22', Northwestern, 30TrackChicago, 57 2/3; Purdue, 43 1/3Quadrangular: Ohio, 39 1/2Northwestern, 39 1/2Chicago, 30Wisconsin, 23Chicago, 71; Loyola, 24Triangular: Michigan, 64Chicago, 29Northwestern, 24SwimmingChicago, 39; Indiana, 45Chicago, 40; Purdue, 44Water PoloChicago, 12; Indiana, oChicago, 13; Purdue, oGymnasticsChicago, 1158.75; Iowa, 990.5Chicago, 1138.5; Minnesota, 1042.25Chicago, 1017.25; Illinois, 976.5FencingChicago, 9; Northwestern, 8Chicago, 10; Ohio, 7Chicago, 10; Illinois, 7WrestlingChicago, 21; Wisconsin, 11Chicago, 10 1/2; Michigan, 151/2Chicago, 10 1/2; Michigan St., 131/2Chicago, 18; Northwestern, 16Chicago, 27; Ohio University, 9Chicago, 6; Franklin *k Marshall, 24THE three conference championships won byChicago teams, in the winter season invite casualcommentary, for there seems to be some significance in the fact that the championships were ingymastics, water polo, and fencing. These are threesports which do not arouse any particular hysteriaamong either students or alumni of the University orof any other institution of higher learning. They arethree sports, also, in which there is very little high schoolcompetition. A young man in prep school who wantsglory and attention scorns them. No one ever heard ofan enthusiastic college alumnus persuading a star By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20, JD'22gymnast that Cheerio college was the place for histalents. In brief, the moral seems to be that whenChicago starts from scratch, as it does in these andother sports sometimes called "minor," it fares verywell indeed. The coaches are competent and the teamswin more than their share of titles. The deductiondoes not necessarily follow that in the sports more in thepublic eye— football, for instance,— the Maroon recordhas been an indifferent one in the last decade becauseother institutions compete more successfully for skilledhigh school athletes. That kind of logic is left to thecynically minded.For downright consistency, Mr. Daniel Hoffer, thecoach of the gymnastic team, is unrivalled. His teamhas won the Big Ten championship five successive years,and fourteen times out of the last seventeen that themeet has been held. He wins not because his menare unopposed; his team regularly gets excellent competition, particularly from Minnesota and Illinois.This year the Chicago gymnasts came through by asmall margin, scoring 1,065.2 points to second placeMinnesota's 1,039, ^ut they did come through. Capt.George Wrighte won the all-around championship forthe second year, despite the fact that an injured kneekept him out of the final event, the tumbling. Wrighteis but one of a long line of all-around champions Hofferhas produced. Everett Olson, his immediate predecessor,held the honor for three years, with Wrighte placingsecond to him in 1932.Assistant Professor Robert V. Merrill, a former Oxfordfencer, has done very well as coach of the Chicago teams.Last year the Maroon fencers were second in the conference, Burt Young winning the epee and OrmandJulian taking second in the sabre. Early this season, Mr.Merrill relinquished active coaching for the time, andAlvar Hermanson of the athletic staff took over the team.The Maroon fencers were tied by Wisconsin, but wonall their other meets, and in the conference Young retained his championship and Julian won the sabre.Ralph Epstein of; Illinois, conference foils champion ofthe two preceding years, had been undefeated in collegecompetition until he met Young in a dual meet. Youngwon again in the conference preliminaries but competition in two events tired the Maroon fencer so muchthat Epstein beat him in the finals of the foils.The swimming team had no spectacular performers,but Coach Edward McGillivray developed the best waterpolo team that ever competed in the Big Ten. To keeptheir games from being travesties, the polo playersspent the second half of their contests trying not to scoreany more.In the conference meet, the Chicago track men scored12 7/10 points to finish fifth in the team standing, behind Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, and Ohio. JohnRoberts was second in the: pole vault, making 13 feet,which is the top performance for a Chicago man in thisevent. Lee Yarnell was third in the high jump, doing6 feet, 7/8 of an inch, an inch or two below his best222THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 223height. Roberts worked in for a tie for fifth in the,event, his strenuous work in the pole vault making itimpossible for him to do any real jumping. Bob Milowwas fourth in the two-mile, and probably would havebeen second had he not been knocked down by thejamming field early in the race. Sam Perlis, best of thequarter milers, ran in the fastest preliminary heat, andwas crowded out, although he made faster time thanthe winners of the two other heats. The Chicago relayteam, composed of Barton Smith, William Sills, Perlis,and Capt. Ed Cullen, tied for third with Michigan,doing 3:23 even. Jay Berwanger got fifth in the shot,with 45 feet, 4 inches. Berwanger will enter the Kansasdecathlon this month, and he should finish close to thetop.The basketball team ended in last place, winning twogames of the twelve on the Big Ten schedule. GordonPeterson, the center, hurt his arm and was of little use inthe last four games, and the lack of his scoring was alarge factor in the loss of a couple of games. The teamwas handicapped all season, first because it was a groupof sophomores, and secondly because it did not play as aunit until January. The injury to Bill Haarlow in mid-season, followed by the virtual loss of Peterson, wereother difficulties. Coach Norgren needed one moreforward all season to have a strong team, and had totake his choice of using Tommy Flinn, a fine defensiveman but no scorer, or Bob Pyle, who was weak on defense. The greatest improvement was made by LeoOppenheim, who is now a fine guard. If Haarlow,Peterson, Oppenheim, Bill Lang, Flinn, and Pyle areall back next year, Chicago will be a certain first divisionteam. The freshman players were not very good; thebest prospect is Wally Duval, a little forward who hadtwo years on the Beloit team. Haarlow finished thirdin the Big Ten scoring, making a total of 109 points,only eleven below Cotton of Purdue, the leader, despite the fact that he was out of two games. Flinn waselected captain of the 1935 team, and Harold Wegnerwas named honorary captain of the 1934 team after theclose of the season.Kyle Anderson is still trying to fill some holes in hisbaseball team and will not be able to reach any decisionuntil the squad gets outside for some real practice. Thebiggest need is for a first baseman and a shortstop.Haarlow can fill one of the positions, and probably willbe used at; short, with John Baker playing at first base.There is more hitting strength this season; Haarlowand David Levin, an outfielder last year, should be outstanding hitters. Ashley Offill is a first class catcher,and there is fair ability in the pitching staff. Bob Lang-ford is the best and most experienced, but Novak, atransfer student, and Laird have possibilities. Yedor, asophomore, has as much speed and a better curve thanRoy Henshaw, the left hander who is now in the CoastLeague, but he has to learn how to use his ability. Evenif the pitching turns out to be just fair, the team promisesto do rather well, for it will have a lot of offensivepower.The freshman football squad has been working for amonth, but the varsity will not start spring practiceuntil the first of April. The practice will be carriedon for a month or less, because Coach Shaughnessywants his men free to study for the June comprehensives.In general, Shaughnessy faces next season in much more satisfactory condition than he did last year's schedule,for he has had a season with his varsity men and hehas had an opportunity to teach the freshmen his ideas.There is the alarming possibility that Bob Deem, whopersonally is half a line, may not be eligible because hehas had two season of competition in a small institutionon the coast. There are excellent line reserves, bothamong the 1933 varsity and the freshmen, but Deem isunquestionably the most valuable man in the line.There is the report about that Bartlett Peterson, a firstclass lineman, will return to college this spring quarter.He would be a most welcome addition. With a schedulethat calls for six conference games, there is need for everyman who can be mustered.Thirty- two major letters were awarded to members ofthe basketball, swimming, gymnastics, wrestling, andfencing teams. Seven of the; eight awards in swimmingand water polo were to men who had not previouslyreceived a major letter. David A. Glomsett, of DesMoines, la., who won a "C" last year; George A. Nicoll,Oak Park; Hubert L. Will, Milwaukee; John Barden,Winnetka; Phillip Stein, Charles Dwyer, Donald Bell-strom, and Frank Nahser, Chicago, were the letter menin swimming.In basketball, Capt. Harold Wegner, LaPorte, Ind.;and Tommy Flinn, Redwood Falls, Minn., were themen who previously had received letters. The newawards were: Robert Eldred, William Haarlow, WilliamLang, Chicago; Gordon Peterson, Long Beach, Cal.;Leo Oppenheim, Kenosha, Wis., and Robert Pyle,Vincennes, Ind.Capt. George Wrighte, of Chicago; Harold Murphy,Wichita, Kan., and Edward Nordhaus, River Forest,111., who had won their letters before, and George Con-stantine, Tulsa, Okla.; Charles P. R. Adams, andMartin Hanly, Chicago, new"C" men, were the gymnaststo get letters. Hanly, incidentally, is probably the lightest man ever to win the "C;" he weighs a scant 98pounds. "C" men in fencing were Capt. Ormand Julianand Burt Young, previous winners, and Charles H.Lawrence, all of Chicago.Five wrestlers were awarded letters: Marvin Bargeman, Los Angeles; Ma;xfBernstein, Chicago; Ed Bedrava,Berwyn, who received the "C" last year, and NormanHoward and Robert Kraacke of Chicago. Bedravacertainly earned his letter; a 165 pounder, he spent mostof the season tossing heavyweights out of the ring. Hismost popular triumph was his quick pinning of"Chillie" Sutton, 205 pound Northwestern fullback, todecide the second Northwestern meet.Old English letters were awarded in swimming toJoseph G. Stolar and John Roberts, Chicago, andMerritt Bush, Fullerton, Cal. The same emblem wasgiven in gymnastics to Peter Schneider and Emery Fair,Chicago. Louis Marks, Chicago, won the award infencing. In basketball the letters went to Charles Merri-field, Edward Beeks, and Raymond Weiss, Chicago;Maurice Gottschall, Vincennes, Ind., and Earl Seaborg,Joliet. Thomas Barton, Theodore Block, and RogerGorman, Chicago; Merle Giles, Tulsa, Okla., and FrankPesek, Cedar Rapids, la., were the wrestlers given the"minor" letter.Fifty-one freshmen received numerals: Basketball-Edward Bell, Morton Harris, Donald Howard, Hyrum(Continued on page 232)224 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENEWS OF THE CLASSESi^ome io the Cs*Jah amasBRITAIN'S "ISLES OF JUNE"Here is your ideal vacationland, bothwinter and summer, for Nassau's climate is June-like the year round.Every sport, including bathing, golf,tennis, squash racquets, fishing, riding, polo, yachting and horse racing.Live luxuriously at one of the superbhotels at moderate rates, or rent oneof the quaint, charming cottages bythe month or season. You can reachNassau quickly and delightfully byship, rail or plane.For information, see any travelagent, or address Nassau BahamasInformation Bureau, 67 West 44thStreet, New York City.NASSAU BAHAMAlbert Teachers' Agency25 E. Jackson Blvd., Chicago535 Fifth Ave., New York415 Hyde Bldg., SpokaneA general Placement Bureau for men andwomen in all kinds of teaching positions.Large and alert College, and State Teachers' College departments for Doctors andMasters; Critics and Supervisors for Normals. Also many calls for Special teachersof Music, Art, Home Economics, BusinessAdministration, Correspondence Teaching.Fine opportunities in Secondary Schools.A host of best Suburban patrons for gradeand High School teachers. Read our booklet. Call.PROFESSIONALDIRECTORYCAMPSTHE OLDEST CAMP IN THE WESTCAMP HIGHLANDSFOR BOYSSAYNER, WISCONSINThree Camps— 8-12: 13-14: 15-17Woodcraft, Athletic and Water Sports, Music,Photography, Scouting, Long Canoe Trips, RidingWRITE THE DIRECTOR FOR CATALOGW. J. MONILAW, M. D.5712 Kenwood Ave., Chicago COLLEGE1902Milton H. Pettit is president of theOliver Farm Equipment Company ofChicago.1903Louis Rich, while waiting for ajob, is superintending a growingSunday School, teaching a boys' class,acting as Boy Scout Committeeman;he reports that the Columbia Schoolof Music has leased a fine residencenear his home, and that his daughter,Esther, is a member of the active faculty of the school. ## Sophia Berger(Mrs. E. N. Mohl) is chairman of theCommittee on International Relations of the Palestine Association ofUniversity Women; she attended the19th Council Meeting of the International Federation of UniversityWomen, in this official capacity, inMarch. The meeting was held atBudapest.1905Elizabeth Wells Robertson,EdB'06, is supervisor of art in the elementary schools of Chicago.1908Col. B. C. Allin, director of pheport at Stockton, California, recently visited in Chicago, on his wayto Washington. He has just succeeded in putting through an amendment to the National ship code,which amounts to a bill of rightsfor the small ports of the country. # *Clara L. Little, for a long time librarian at the University of Chicago, isassisting in preparing a "Motiv Index of German Folk Literature," oneof the Indiana University studies.1910Mary B. Orth teaches English atJohn Harris High School, Harris-burg, Penna.1911Edison E. Oberholtzer, AMfi6, isthe new president of the Departmentof Superintendence of the NationalEducation Association. He succeedsPaul Stetson, '08, AM'18, a contributor to the Magazine and a resi dent of Indianapolis. *# Ethel Kawin, AM'25, nas just concluded aseries of lectures on child guidancegiven before the parents of childrenin the Ravinia Schools. ## Hays Mac-Farland is president of the HaysMacFarland Advertising Company.1912Milton E. Robinson, Jr., JD'14,member of the Alumni Council andchairman of its editorial board, hasspent the winter in Washington asone of the five members of the National Code Authority for the Retail Solid Fuel Industry.1913Increase Robinson is regional director of the Public Works of ArtProject, under the Treasury Department. She closed the Increase Robinson Gallery in Diana Court onMarch first, in order to give all hertime to government work. *# ElsieMabee is a demonstration teacher atState Normal School, Jersey City.1914Edith P. Parker, SM'22, assistantprofessor of the teaching of geography at the University of Chicago,is president of the National Councilof Geography Teachers. *# Mary E.Maiye, AM'28 (Mrs. Austin Richardson), has just completed a newbook on Journalism for High Schools.It was written in collaboration withWilliam Otto. Mrs. Richardson hasalso worked with two University ofIllinois educators, Miss Nell Bartelsand Miss Grace Walker, in the completion of a series of Practice Pads,called the Habits and Skills Series.All this work is in addition to herregular occupations as a member ofthe English Committee of the Sterling Morton High School and socialadviser at the Junior College, in Cicero, 111. She writes that she looksforward to attending her class's reunion. ## Edith Duff Gwin is a special assistant in charge of junior employment service at Philadelphia.1915William H. Wiser and Mrs. Wiser(Charlotte Viall, '14) have gone backto India, to Saharanpur.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 225SWEDEN.todayStockholm, "The Queen of the Baltic"AFTER many crossings and two world• cruises, a traveler said, "Sweden is tome the most attractive country of all. Thosep;ople know how to live."Beautiful Stockholm — Gothic Visby —Colorful Dalecarlia — The Swedish ChateauCountry — are places in which to linger.Only eight delightful days from NewYork in the Swedish American Liners —quick service from England by water andair, fast trains and air liners from London,Paris and Berlin.Sweden is loved by those who have beenthere. Enjoy this summer in Sweden wherethe dollar has not depreciated in value.To serve the increasing Americaninterest in Sweden, we haveprepared delightful journeys, complete in travel detail, including allScandinavian countries.Your travel agent or we willbe glad to send you our new"Lands of Sunlit Nights"SWEDISH TRAVELINFORMATION BUREAU551 FIFTH AVENUE Dept. G G. NEW YORKCAMPS - continued1917Robert E. Bondy was awarded theStar Cup by the Montgomery County(Md.) Civic Federation, at a recentsession, in recognition of his work inbehalf of the Montgomery Countyschool system. Bondy has been interested in work of this kind for a number of years, having served on thenational American Red Cross organization as director of disaster relief.He has recently been appointed tosupervise civilian relief for theA. R. C.1920fames M. Nicely is vice presidentof the Guaranty Trust Company ofNew York, and is in charge of theParis Office.1921Frank L. Koranda has accepted aposition with the Calumet RefiningCompany, in the chemical laboratory. ** M. E. Herriott is teachingin Los Angeles, at John MarshallHigh School.1922Ellen Lois Morrow, AM'27, is aninstructor at Crescent College, Ark.** Emanuel H. C. Hildebrandtteaches at Brooklyn College, N. Y.1923William Alfred McWhorter, Jr., isselling for the Independent PackingCo., of St. Louis. ** Mrs. Ucal Stevens Lewis, AM'25, nas been living inAtlanta, Georgia, for the last fouryears. In 1929 she suffered a nervous collapse while studying at Oxford, and has not been well since. **Esther L. Ruble (Mrs. Wm. F. Richardson) is hereby congratulated bythe Magazine for her success in having one of her watercolors "EasterAfternoon" accepted for the comingexhibition at the Art Institute in Chicago, the Thirteenth InternationalWatercolor show. Mrs. Richardsonwas a student of Walter Sargent andof Laura Van Papellendam while atthe University. She has been headof the department of art in JolietTownship high school and juniorcollege since 1926. In the past threeyears she has had water colors in twoHoosier Salons, in the Century ofProgress Exhibit of the All IllinoisSociety of the Fine Arts, at Carson Pirie's Galleries, and in the Horticultural Building at the Fair. . 1924Bertha W. Hall is a graphologist,and author of a "Handwriting Analysis Chart" which was published in1932. She is living in Ionia, Mich.1926George Buckley, a vice presidentof the National City and Farmers'Trust Company of New York, andformer publisher, is to become a special assistant to Hugh S. Johnson incharge, temporarily, at least, of thenewspaper and publishing divisionsof NRA. Buckley has been with theChicago Herald and Examiner, andwith the Crowell Publishing Company. ** Mrs. Anna W. Kenny,AM' jo, is teaching part-time in theChicago Junior College.1927Elizabeth Rogge is a research assistant and housefellow at Connecticut College, New London. ** Robert Willis Hatch is a practicing physician and surgeon in Minneapolis.1929Arnold Hartigan is living in Chicago, at 5614 Dorchester. ** CorneliaL. Beckwith is teaching kindergartenand art work in the grade school ofGriffith, Ind.1930Muriel Parker, who has beenteaching piano at the American Conservatory of Music and at home, isto give a recital at Kimball Hall onApril 1 1 . Miss Parker won first placein the recent prize contest for pianoand organ held under the auspicesof the Society of American Musicians, in co-operation with BerthaOtt, Inc. The prize winners aregiven an appearance in recitals underthe management of Miss Ott. **Wallace N. Jamie is a professor ofEnglish at Chicago Junior College.** Jascha Litwack is at Pacific Military Academy, Culver City, Cal. **Frances Lattin is in charge of thekindergarten department of the Sycamore Schools; and she is vice president of the DeKalb County University of Chicago Alumni Club.DOCTORS OFPHILOSOPHY1900Gilbert A. Bliss^y, SM'98, hasbeen awarded the Martin A. RyersonDistinguished Service Professorshipfor his "brilliant and fruitful serviceto the University of Chicago." ORCHARD HILL CAMPThirteenth Season-Girls and Boys— 3-1140 Miles West of Chicago in BeautifulRolling CountryIndividual Attention and Constant Care Givenby Physicians and Experienced CounselorsPrivate Beach, Horseback Riding, and all SportsR. J. Lambert, M. D., DirectorWoods Lane St. Charles, IllinoisDENTISTDR. GEO. G KNAPPDENTISTWoodlawn Medical Arts Bldg.Suite 304 I305 E. 63rd StreetPhone Plaza 6020ELECTROLYSISLOTTIE A. METCALFEELECTROLYSIS EXPERT13 YEARS' EXPERIENCEHair Removed from Face, Neck and BodyFacial Veins, Warts, Moles Permanently RemovedGraduate NurseSUITE TELEPHONE17 N. State St. FRANKLIN 4885226 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINESCHOOLSBEVERLY FARM, INC37th YearA Home, School for Nervous and BackwardChildren and Adults220 Acres, 7 Buildings, School Gymnasium, Industrial and School Training Given, Departmentfor Birth Injury CasesGroves Blake Smith, M.D. Godfrey, III.Practical Business TrainingBusiness Administration, Executive-SecretarialStenotype and 14 Other College Grade Courses77th YearTrain for Assured Success Write for Catalog, Bryant & Stratton College18 S. Michigan Ave., Randolph 1575MacCormac School ofCommerceBusiness Administration and SecretarialTrainingDAY AND EVENING CLASSESEnter Any Monday1170 E. 63rd St. H. P. 2130NORTH PARK COLLEGEFully AccreditedJunior College: Liberal Arts and Pre-ProfessionalCourses.High School: Language, Scientific and VocationalCourses.Conservatory: Public School Music and otherCertified Courses.High Standards of ScholarshipBeautiful Campus, Athletics and Social ActivitiesExpenses LowFor catalog write to the presidentNorth Park College Foster and Kedzie Aves.The Mary E. Pogue SchoolFounded 1903For Children and Young People NeedingIndividual InstructionSpecial Training, Medical Supervision,Trained Nurses, College Trained FacultyHome Atmosphere 25-Acre EstateMany Students Have Continued inAcademic SchoolsWheaton, III.BUSINESSDIRECTORYL APARTMENTS ¦CLOSE TO U. OF C. HiApartments — All SizesProfessional OfficesProperty Investments— Insurance r~ACKLEY BROS. CO.1447 E. 63rd St. HYDE PARK 0100 1907Ghen-ichiro Yashioka has retiredfrom his professorship in the TokyoSchool of Foreign Languages, butstill lectures there. He has four children. ** Shigeo Yamagouchi spentlast year on leave of absence from theUniversity of Chicago, where he is amember of the Botany department;he travelled in Japan most of thetime, and reports that the University of Chicago Club of Japan and theAssociation Concordia both fetedDean Shailer Mathews during hisstay there.1908Katashi Takahachi is a professorat the First Tokyo High School, andreports a family of three children.1909Harris MacNeish, '02, SM'04, headof the department of mathematics ofBrooklyn College has been promotedto a full professorship.1910Matthew Lyle Spencer, formerlydean of the School of Journalism atthe University of Washington, andpresident of the University from1927-33, has accepted the position ofdean of the School of Journalism ofthe new Syracuse University, whichopened April 1 .1914Eliot Blackw elder, 'oi, professorof geology at Stanford University, isvice president of the Geological Society of America.1915Ernest D. Wilson is now associatedwith Dr. George Barsky, in the firmof Barsky and Wilson, Chemists andChemical Engineers, of New YorkCity. ## Kirtley F. Mather has beenappointed director of Harvard Summer School for 1934.1917Edwin P. Hubble, yio, astronomerat Mount Wilson Observatory, Calif.,is president of the American Astronomic Society. He was recentlyelected a member of the NationalAcademy of Sciences.1918Ernest B. Lane was recently electedvice president of the MathematicalAssociation of America. ARTISTS SUPPLIESEDWARD C BUNCK4645-47 South ParkwayPAINTS — GLASS — WALL PAPERArtist's MaterialsALL PHONES OAKLAND 0845Deliveries to All Parts of Chicago Suburbs AWNINGSPhones Oakland 0690—0691—0692The Old ReliableHyde Park Awning Co.,INCAwnings and Canopies for All Purposes4508 Cottage Grove Avenue AUCTIONEERSWILLIAMS, BARKER &SEVERN CO./ Auctioneers and AppraisersPublicauctions on owner's premises or at oursalesroomsAccept on consignment the better quality of furniture, works of art, books, rugs, bric-a-brac, etc.We sell on commission or buy outrightOur specialty liquidating estates, libraries, etc.229 S. Wabash Ave. Phone Harrison 3777 AUTO LIVERYCHICAGO PETERSENMOTOR LIVERYL1NCOLNSWith Experienced Chauffeurs5548 Lake Park Ave. MID way 0949AUTO SERVICE STATIONSWASHINGTON PARKSERVICE STATIONWe Appreciate Your Patronage5601-7 Cottage Grove Ave.Phone Dorchester 7113for Economical TransportationSALES. /gffdpfilW SERVICEParts — Passenger Cars — TrucksMODERN SERVICE STATIONORME CHEVROLET CO.5200 Lake Park Ave.USED CARS FAIRFAX 0825BOOKSKrocns BookstoresBooks On All SubjectsIn Every LanguageAsk for Catalog, stating special interests206 N. Michigan AvenueCHICAGOTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 2271920Mary M. Rising addressed the Chicago section of the American Pharmaceutical Association in February,on "Search and Re-Search for Hypnotics. " *# William C. Smith,AMfi2, is head of the department ofsociology and economics at WilliamJewell College, Mo.1921Walter M. W. Splawn, former president of the University of Texas, hasbeen nominated by President Roosevelt as a member of the InterstateCommerce Commission.1923Leland W. Parr, '16, is a bacteriologist. He is living in Washington,D. C. ## L. E. Blauck, AM'17, iscontinuing to work on the Curriculum Survey of the American Association of Dental Schools. The report to the Association was made inMarch, and the finished work willcome off the press sometime duringthe summer.1926Frederic M. Thrasher, whose bookon gangland won him such fame, isnow working on another sociologicalstudy of New York City, which willattempt to record the pattern of nationalities of the city as the population has shifted from neighborhoodto neighborhood. The book will bethoroughly illustrated by EdmundFroese, the well known muralpainter. It is interesting to note thatDr. Thrasher has working for him astaff of 100 EWB, CWA, and TERAworkers, a sociological fact of nominor significance. ## Hiro Ohashiis dean of the Japan Women's University, which was founded in 1906,and is the oldest women's universityin Japan.1927Francis R. Preveden heads themodern language department at theCollege of St. Scholastica, Duluth,1930W. O. Brown is on a year's leaveof absence from the University ofCincinnati, for study of racial conflicts in South Africa. ## Everett V.Stonequist is to teach at the University of Hawaii during the summersession. He is now at Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 1931Quirinus Breen is professor of history at Albany College, Oregon. *#Charles E. Gayley, AM'25, heads thehistory department of the Universityof Kansas City. ## Raymond W. Porter is teaching psychology at Southwestern Louisiana Institute. *# JeanE. Hawkes teaches nutrition in theHome Economics department atMichigan State College, East Lansing. She is also having an opportunity to do some research on foodneeds of children.1932Julia Wells Bower is an instructorat Connecticut College, New London. BROKERSClark G. (Skee) Sauer '12WithJames E. Bennett & Co.Stocks — Bonds — Grain — CottonMembers: New York and Chicago StockExchanges, Chicago Board of Trade, AllPrincipal Markets.332 So. LaSalle St. Tel. Wabash 2740P. H. Davis, II H. I. Markham, 'Ex. '06R. W. Davis, '16 W. M. Giblin, '23F. B. Evans, 'IIPaul H. Davis & Co.MembersNew York Stock ExchangeChicago Stock Exchange37 So. LaSalle St. Franklin 8622CATERERS1933Sherman William Brown teachesFrench and German at the YMCAcollege, Chicago. ** Mark HannaWatkins, AM'30, is an assistant professor at the Municipal College forNegroes at Louisville, Ky. #* Ew^\met L. Avery, AM'27, teaches rhetoric at Shurtleff College, 111. **William A. Russ, Jr., is an assistantprofessor at Susquehanna University, Pa.SOCIOLOGISTSChicago sociologists have beenvery active at the University of Cincinnati lately. Members of the social science faculty of that institutionrecently published an "Introductionto Western Civilization" (Double-day Doran, 1933) as an orientationcourse in social sciences for Freshmen. Fourteen chapters were contributed by Chicago men: Earle Eubank, PhD' 16, W. O.Brown, PhD' 30,James A. Quinn, PhD'31, Van MeterAmes' 19, PhD'24, all worked on thevolume.Further news from the sociologicalfront is the report that E. W. Bur-gress, PhD' 13, has been elected president of the American SociologicalSociety for 1934, succeeding E. B.Renter, PhD' 19. JOSEPH H. BIGGSFine Catering in all its branches50 East Huron StreetTel. Sup. 0900 Tel. Sup. 0901Quality and Service Since 1882CHEMICAL ENGINEERSAlbert K. Epstein, '12B. R. Harris, '21Epstein, Reynolds and HarrisConsulting Chemists and1 Engineers5 S. Wabash Ave. ChicagoTel. Cent. 4285COALQUALITY COAL PRICED, -RIGHTLESTER COAL CO.4025 Wallace St, at 40th PlaceAll Phones: Yards 6464RIDGE FUEL & SUPPLY CO.Coal — Dustless CokeFireplace Wood — Cannel1633 W. 95th St. BEV. 8205COFFEE AND TEARUSH1895/. F. Gsell, MD, of Wichita, Kansas, reports that he is doing eye andear work, but "nothing spectacular"which may or may not be a pun. Weleave it to you. W. S. Quinby CompanyIMPORTERS AND ROASTERSOF HIGH GRADECOFFEES AND TEAS417-427 W. OHIO ST.-CHICAGOPhones Superior 2336-7-8228 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECUTLERYKRAUT & DOHNALHIGH GRADECUTLERYWe Grind Anything that NeedsAn Edge325 S. CLARK ST.PHONE WEBSTER 7360DECORATINGIt will pay you to haveour estimate and expert adviceNATIONALDECORATING SERVICEHart Bros. System, Inc.4035 S. Michigan Ave. Boulevard 9700 ELEVATORSReliance Elevator Co.PASSENGER AND FREIGHTELEVATORSFor Every Purpose212 W. Austin Ave. Chicago FISHJ. A. DAVIS FISH CO.Specialize in Supplying Hotels,Restaurants, Hospitals, Institutions.Fresh Caught Direct From the Fisherman211 N. Union Ave.Phone Haymarket 1495Phones: Plaza 6444, 64451631 East 55th Street4* FURSELLIOTT FUR CO.DESIGNERS OF HIGH GRADEFURSREPAIRING and REMODELING36 Years of DependabilityTax Warrants AcceptedStevens Bldg. 17 N. State St.CENTRAL 1678 SUITE 1000 1915Melbourne J. Pond, MD, is practicing in Chicago, specializing inradiology and pathology. #* LeonUnger/13, MD, has just moved into, new quarters at Suite 1607, Medicaland Dental Arts Building, Chicago.He specializes in the care of cases ofhay fever and bronchial asthma.1917Cyril D. Billik, '13, MD, is practicing in New York. ** H. A. Kiener,MD, is once more ~ located at theU. S. Naval Hospital at Mare Island,Cal.1921E. B. Woolfan, '18, MD, is practicing in Hollywood, Cal.1929/. Allen Wilson, MD, is practicinginternal medicine with the EarlClinic of St. Paul, Minn. He alsohas an appointment on the staff ofthe City Hospital, and is a clinicalassistant in the Department of Medicine at the University of Minnesota.1932Clifford M. Hughes, MD, is medical officer in charge of the CCCCamp at Camp Warner, in Moab,Utah. ** John D. McCarthy,MD'32, is on the clinical staff of St.Louis County Hospital, in additionto carrying on his private practice.1933Donald H. Root is in charge of themedical work for the company that isbuilding the two and a half milliondollar dam over the Mississippi, connecting Meyer, 111., with Canton, Mo.He writes that "hunters might be interested to know that this is greatduck hunting country. However,they tell me that the great trouble isin distinguishing the duck from themosquitoes. I wish my hide were asthick as Ajax Carlson's! " ## SamuelB. Broder, MD, is resident physicianin neuro-psychiatry at the Universityof Illinois college of medicine. ##Ralph G. McAllister, MD, havingcompleted his internship at the WestSuburban Hospital, Oak Park, hashung out his shingle at DeKalb, 111.LAW1905Floyd E. Brower, LLB, is practicing law in partnership with Lowell FOODSFRUIT AND VEGETABLESCOHEN and COMPANYWholesaleFruit — Vegetables — Poultry2II South Water MarketPhones Haymarket 0808 to 08I6GARAGESCARSCALLED FOR AND DELIVERED64th STREET GARAGETowing At All Hours6341 HARPER AVE.PHONE HYDE PARK 1031University Auto GarageCo.16 Years of Dependable ServiceWe Call For and Deliver Your CarTelephone Hyde Park 45991169 East 55th StreetHOTELS"Famous for Food"Dancing and EntertainmentNightlyCircular CRYSTAL Barthe BREVOORT hotel120 W. Madison St. ChicagoHARPER SURF HOTEL5426 Harper Ave.Beautifully Furnished Home-LikeRooms, Private Bath and Shower$5 and UpPHONE MissMonsellPLAZA 3900 Mgr.PARKLAND HOTELFacing Jackson Park1550 East 63rd St.300 Rooms — Private BathFrom $5 WeeklyFolder with details of rates and services will besent on request.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 229B. Smith, at Sycamore, 111. *# JamesF. Carroll, ex, is president of the Indiana Bell Telephone Co., at Indianapolis.1907Channing L. Sentz, JD, and Andrew D. Collins, ex' 11, have formeda partnership for law practice underthe firm name of Collins and Sentzat 1 1 1 W. Washington, Chicago.1913Florence E. Allen holds the uniquedistinction of being the first womanever to be appointed to the positionof Federal Judge in the Circuit Courtof Appeals. President Rooseveltmade the appointment in March,and her name is now before the Senate for confirmation. The CircuitCourt of Appeals to which she hasbeen appointed ranks second onlyto the Supreme Court of the UnitedStates. Miss Allen is at present onthe bench of the Ohio State SupremeCourt, and she has a brilliant recordbehind her as a lawyer, judge anddefender of women's rights. Shewas the first woman assistant countyprosecutor in Ohio, the first womanelected to the court of common pleasin that state, and the first woman tosit on the bench of a state SupremeCourt.1920Bernard C. Gavit, JD, spoke at arecent meeting of the Chicago BarAssociation, on the subject "Mistakesand Ambiguities in Wills." Gavit isdean of the Indiana University LawSchool, having succeeded GovernorPaul McNutt in that position.1921George K. Bow den, JD, and Vincent J. Hefferan, '20, JD'22, havemoved their law offices to 2800 Bankers Building, 105 W. Adams St., Chicago.1922Russell H. Bolyard, JD, is professor of sociology and economics atSouthwestern Louisiana Institute,Lafayette.1926Norman F. Arterburn, JD, is a candidate, on the Republican ticket, forthe Indiana State Senate. Formerlyhe was a prosecuting attorney andis a member of the law firm of Kes-singer, Hill and Arterburn, Vincennes, Ind. 1927Rufus G. Poole, LLB, is an assistant solicitor for the Department ofthe Interior at Washington, D. C.*# Harry L. Griffin, JD, is dean ofthe College of Liberal Arts and professor of history and political scienceat Southwestern Louisiana Institute.1929John Yatchew, ex, has been practicing law in Windsor, Canada, forthe last two years. ## G. DonaldWhitehouse, '27, JD, has opened hisown office for the practice of law at77 W. Washington St., Chicago.1930Harry C. Partlow, JD, is engagedin general law practice and as general counsel for the Casey Construction Co., of Casey, 111.SCHOOL OFBUSINESSMany members of the faculty ofthe School of Business have beencalled upon in recent months to assistin the work of the recovery programof the national administration.Dean W. H. Spencer has been active as impartial chairman (government representative) of the ChicagoRegional Labor Board.Professor E. A. Duddy spent theAutumn quarter in Washington,where, as field assistant of the subsistence homesteads division of theDepartment of the Interior, he aidedin the organization of the work ofthat division. He is still serving inan advisory capacity on problems andprojects in connection with this activity in the Chicago area.Professor John H. Cover is now inWashington, directing a survey ofretail prices which is being conductedcooperatively by interested government departments under the Central Statistical Organization.Professor James W. Young, whohas long been interested in Indianlife in the Southwest, has been appointed chairman of the Committeeon Indian Arts and Crafts by Secretary Ickes of the Department of theInterior.Professor James L. Palmer is government representative on the codeauthority for the coin machine industry.Professor W. N. Mitchell's study of"Trends in Industrial Location inthe Chicago Region Since 1920" hasbeen called by a leading authority in LAUNDRIESADAMSLAUNDRY CO.2335 Indiana Ave.Superior Hand WorkOdorless Dry CleaningTelephoneCalumet 3565THEBEST LAUNDRY andCLEANING COMPANYALL SERVICESWe Also DoDry Cleaning — Shoe Repairing4240 PhoneIndiana Ave. OAK land 1383Standard Laundry Co.Linen Supply — Wet WashFinished Work1818 South Wabash Ave.Phone Calumet 4700LITHOGRAPHINGL C. Mead '21 E. J. Chalifoux '22PHOTOPRESS, INC.Planograph — Offset — Printing725 So. LaSalle St.Wabash 8182MUSIC PUBLISHERSMcKINLEY MUSIC CO.1501-15 E. 55th St. CHICAGOPOPULAR AND STANDARDMUSIC PRINTERS AND ENGRAVERSMusical Settings — Compositions ArrangedPublishers of McKinley Edition of 20 cent MusicSTANDARD - CLASSICAL - TEACHINGOFFICE FURNITUREPruitt's rebuilt office machines give theappearance and service of new equipment—carry a full guarantee — yet, saveyou as much as 50%.PRUITT, Inc.172 N. La Salle St. Chicago iOLD GOLD BOUGHTCASH FOR OLD GOLDJewelry, watches, gold teeth, plated articles,diamonds, silver, etc. We pay full cash value atthe rate prescribed by law.Licensed by U. S. GovernmentEstablished 1900Chicago Gold Smelting Co.59 E. MADISON ST.f 5TH FLOOR(Mailers Bldg., Cor. Wabash, Room 51 5)Members Chicago Ass'n of Commerce23° THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEPAINTINGGEORGE ERHARDTand SONS, Inc.Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing3123 PhoneLake Street Kedzie 3186PAINTING AND DECORATINGEMIL C. ERICKSEN & CO.Painting and DecoratingDraperies — UpholsteringFurniture Refinishing6830 Cottage Grove Ave.Phones Dorchester 3584-5PLATINGYou Wreck 'em We Fix 'emMcVittie Plating & BrassRefinishing Works, Inc.Expert Metal Platers and RefinishersChromium — Nickel — Copper — Silver — GoldBrass— Bronze— All Antique and Modern FinishesWe plate or refinish anything made of metalWe specialize in silver plating tableware1 600-02-04 S. State St. Calumet 2646-7-8PHOTOGRAPHERSMOFFETT STUDIOCAMERA PORTRAITS OF DISTINCTION30 South Michigan Blvd., Chicago . . State 8750OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERU. of C ALUMNIPLUMBINGESTABLISHED 42 YEARSW. M. MclNERNEY624 EAST 63 rd ST.PLUMBING andHEATINGPHONE FAIRFAX 2911RADIO-PLUMBINGA. J. F. Lowe & SonI2I7 East 55th StreetPlumbing — Refrigeration — RadioSales and ServiceDay Phones Mid. 0782-0783-Night Phones Mid. 9295-Oakland II3IRESTAURANTSChicago's Most Unique RestaurantBANZAI'SWhere Stars and Celebrities Meet6325 Cottage Grov.e Ave.American and Oriental CuisineOrders Delivered Hot at No Extra ChargeA Steak at Banzai 's IS a SteakPhone DOR. 09I7 the study of population trends "themost significant work available inthis field."1913H. E. Biller, is now promotionmanager for the Curtis PublishingCompany of Philadelphia.1919Theodore C. Dickman is vice president of the Produce Reporter Co.,of Western Springs, 111.1930 -E. L. Bjorklund, AM'33, ^ in tneresearch department of Bauer andBlack, Chicago. *# David A. Revzanhas been appointed assistant agricultural economist in the Bureau ofAgricultural Economics, and is atpresent engaged in a study of the direct marketing of livestock.1931Earl Ostrander, AM, is financialanalyst in the rates and research department of the Illinois CommerceCommission. ## Arthur Carstens,AM'32, is with the Bureau of LaborStatistics. ** Charles S. Phillips iswith the firm of Harris, Kerr, Forsterand Company, Accountants andAuditors, Chicago.1933Frank Hutchinson is with the Harris Trust Company of Chicago. *#Camille Heinick is on the staff ofthe Office of Admissions of the University. ## Bernard. Cohn is now anassistant state statistician.SOCIAL SERVICEADMINISTRATIONFacultyDeans Edith Abbott, PhD'05, andS. P. Breckinridge, PhM' 97, PhD' 01,JD'04, and Professor A. Wayne Mc-Millen, PhD'31, and various SchoolAlumni, including Arlien Johnson,PhD'30, of Seattle, Elizabeth Wis-ner, PhD'29, from New Orleans,Clara Paul Paige, '29, Marion Hath-way\, AM'28, PhD'33, and EffieDoan, '2.4, attended an importantmeeting of delegates from Chaptersof the American Association of Social Workers in Washington on February 17 and 18 to discuss "Governmental Objectives for Social Work."AlumniMary Ruth Colby, AM'33, *s tneauthor of a new United States' Chil- Luncheon — Tea — DinnerGreen Shutter Tea Shop5650 Kenwood Ave."Remember it's smart to dineat the Green Shutter-It's Different"The Best Place to Eat on the South SideigLiKNiMaia U'/uCfnCOLONIAL TEA ROOM6324 Woodlawn Ave.Restaurant 1423 E. 62nd StreetROOFINGGrove Roofing Co.(Gilliland)Old Roofs Repaired— New Roofs Put On24 Years at 6644 Cottage Grove Ave.Lowest Prices — Estimates FreeFairfax 3206RUG CLEANERSHAAKER & HENTSCHORIENTAL -:- DOMESTICRug and Carpet CleanersUpholstering and Refinishing5165 State St. Oakland 1212STORAGEPhone MID way 9700 HYD e Park 0452Peterson Fireproof Storage Co.Chas. A. Peterson, Pres.Moving and ExpressingPacking and ShippingForeign ShipmentsBranch: 8126 Cottage Grove Ave.55th Street and Ellis Ave.SMELTINGU. S. WANTS GOLDDiscarded Old Jewelry, Dental Gold, BrokenWatches, etc Redeemed for Cash, Dependable andCourteous Service. Manaaement of42 years' experience. Old, established andresponsible. Bring or send direct. Don't sellto strangers. WE EMPLOY NO SOLICITORS.U. S. SMELTING WORKS(The Old Reliable)39 So. State St., Cor. Monroe, 4th FloorTEACHERS AGENCIESFisk I EACHERSAGENCY28 E. Jackson Blvd. CHICAGOOur Service is Nation WideTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 231dren's Bureau Publication, "TheCounty as an Administrative Unitfor Social Work."Fay L. Bentley, '18, a member ofthe School of Social Service Administration alumni organization as aSchool of Civics and Philanthropygraduate, has been appointed byPresident Roosevelt and confirmedby the United States Senate as Juvenile Court Judge in the District ofColumbia.Stuart A. Jaffary, a Fellow andgraduate student in the School, hasrecently accepted a case work teaching position in the University ofDenver.Georgia Ball, AM'31, is in chargeof Social Work for Transients inDenver under the Federal Relief Administration.Marion Smith, AM'30, (Mrs.O'Brien) has returned to work at theInstitute for Juvenile Research.George Bollman, '33, has just goneto take charge of County Relief inKendall County, Illinois.Emma Lucretia Hodgin, '30, andEvelyn Hayes, a graduate student inthe School, have been appointed social workers in the State's Attorney'sOffice after passing a competitivemerit examination.Florence Hutsinpillar, Fellow inthe School during 1926-27, represented the United States Departmentof Labor at the recent immigrationconference in Geneva, Switzerland.ENGAGEDWillard R. Sprowl, '31, to Mary G.Voehl, '34. Mr. Sprowl is doing graduate work in the department of chemistry at the University, and MissVoehl is a senior in the anthropologydepartment.MARRIEDSamuel MacClintock, '96, PhD '08,to Hazel Hoff, '12, February 22, 1934,Chicago. At home, 5801 Dorchester,Chicago.Harris F. MacNeish, '02, SM'04,PhD' 09, to Jeanette B. Keck, at Hilton Chapel, August 19, 1933. Athome, 185 Lakeview Ave., Scarsdale,N. Y.Albert Grant, AM'28, to Dr. Constance Dowd, September, 1933, Cincinnati, Ohio. At home, 216 East9th St., Cincinnati.Priscilla W. Kellogg, '29, to MajorStuart Randall Carswell of Washington, February 24, 1934, atThorndikeHilton Chapel. \ Priscilla A. Bishop, '31, to Lyle T.Pritchard, October 14, 1933, Osh-kosh, Wis. At home, 1504 ProspectAve., Milwaukee, Wis.BORNTo H. T. Manuel, AM' 13, andMrs. Manuel, a daughter, Eleanor,October 17, 1933, Austin, Texas.To Carl F. Carlson, ex, and Mrs.Carlson (Gladys Freeman, AM'20),a son, December 19, 1933, Chattanooga, Tenn.To Donald Martinez, '23, and Mrs.Martinez, a son, Donald A., Jr., August 14, 1933, Chicago, 111.To Mr. and Mrs. Charles E. Waterman (Marion Muncaster, '23), adaughter, Marcia Damaris, January%o, 1934.To Mr. R. H. Distelhorst, '23, andMrs. Distelhorst, a daughter, Patricia, Nov. 1, 1933, Kansas City, Mo.To Roscoe E. Petrone, '26,MD '30, and Mrs. Petrone, a son,Edward Andre, August 29, 1933,Battle Creek, Mich.To Albert W. Meyer, '27,PhD '30', and Mrs. Meyer (Leslie Hudson, SM'31), 2l son, Albert William,January 27, 1934, Milwaukee, Wis.To Francis E. Lord, AM'29, an(^Mrs. Lord, a daughter, MargaretJean, February, 1933, Ypsilanti,Mich.To Mr. and Mrs. Harold E. Gibson(Ameda Metcalf, '30), a daughter,Marjorie Christine, July 19, 1933,Jacksonville, 111.DIEDEdmund Buckley, PhD'94, February 27, 1934, Los Angeles, Calif.Robert Law, '97, August, 1933,Chicago.George E. Burlingame, DB'99,January 20, 1934, Los Angeles, Calif.Samuel Bower Sinclair, PhD' 01,December 20, 1933, Toronto,Canada.Grace K. McKibben, 03 (Mrs.Hay ward D. Warner), February 3,1933, Chehalis, Washington.Joseph W. Hayes, PhD' 11, March1 1, 1934, Rochester, N. Y. Mr. Hayeswas formerly a professor at the University of Chicago, in the psychologydepartment.Marie A. Prucha, '23, February 3,1934, Chicago.Curtis Nelson, MD'28, March 2,1 934, Chicago.Louis H. Gribble, MD'31, December 24, 1934, Brownsville, Pa. THEHUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY25 E. JACKSON BLVD.TELEPHONE HARRISON 7793Member National Associationof Teachers AgenciesWe Enjoy a Very Fine High School, NormalSchool, College and University PatronageTHE YATES-FISHERTEACHERS AGENCYEstablished 1906PAUL YATES, Manager616-620 South Michigan Ave.ChicagoUNDERTAKERSBARBOUR & GUSTINUNDERTAKERS4141 Cottage Grove Ave.PHONE DREXEL 0510LUDLOW- SCHNEIDERFUNERAL DIRECTORSFine Chapel with New Pipe OrganSEDAN AMBULANCETel. Fairfax 286161 10 Cottage Grove Ave.UPHOLSTERINGDERK SMIT & CO.Interior DecoratorsFurniture and DraperiesUPHOLSTERINGand Refinishing6830 Cottage Grove Ave.Phones Dorchester 3584-5-6VENTILATINGThe Haines CompanyVentilating Contractors1929-1937 West Lake St.Phones Seeley 2765-2766-2767Advertisementsare business news of your classmatesand friends.Mention the MAGAZINE when you patronize our advertisers.CHICAGO ALUMNAE CLUBBy RUTH BROWNE MacFARLAND, '21, AM'22, Publicity ChairmanTHE Chicago Alumnae Club members have onlyto wish and their resourceful program chairman and vice president, Elsie Schobinger, '08,AM'17, produces another surprise. This time MissSophonisba Breckinridge is to be guest of honor at theAnnual Spring Luncheon on April 14 at twelve o'clockin the Wedgewood Room of Marshall Field's. Price$.85. All alumae in and about Chicago are cordiallyinvited to attend. Miss Breckinridge, who recently returned from the Pan-American Congress at Montevideo, preceded by reports that she was one of the mostoutstanding personalities at the Conference, has promised to share with us some of her unusual experiences.At the Conference she handled questions pertaining towomen's cultural interests and their legal status.Elizabeth Wallace Chats on Old MexicoTurning back the calendar to December, the ChicagoAlumnae Club would like to take this opportunity tothank Miss Wallace again for her delightful talk on"Glimpses of Old Mexico."Many of us who have never been to Mexico had, nodoubt, supposed it to be a rather uncivilized land, inhabited chiefly by cactus plants andwarriors in sombreros who munchedchili con came between scalpingparties. All this was before the Chicago Alumnae Club's Holiday Shopping Luncheon on December 9 whereMiss Wallace was our guest of honor.Arrayed in the festive costume ofa Mexican dancing girl, she picturedto 106 alumnae a fascinating Mexico,with "plateaus reaching to heaven,"pink and yellow adobe huts, oftenhousing several generations of Mexicans (plus their pets), and pebblyroads along which tripped beautifulMexican maidens with Madonnalike faces. President and Mrs. Hutchins EntertainAn affair that will linger long in the memory of theClub members was the reception on March 10, by President and Mrs. Hutchins. Nearly two hundred alumnaeenjoyed their hospitality in the spacious Midway home,where all the University's presidents have lived.A Clearing HouseIt has been suggested that the alumnae use the Chicago Alumnae Club as a clearing house for the exchangeof ideas and comments relating to University matters.Mrs. Robert Pease (Esther Cook, '27), 10320 WaldenParkway, secretary, will be glad to receive your letters.PhilanthropiesThe Chicago Alumnae Club stands for service aswell as for good times. For this reason we cordiallyinvite all alumnae not already members to join by sending dues of $2 to Mrs. J. A. Lauren (Ruth Stagg, '25),8149 Eberhart Avenue. As our president, Ethel Prestonhas said, "Only by a loyal spirit can we, as alumnae,help our University by the scholarships we maintain,and show our active interest in suchvital enterprises as the University ofChicago Settlement, the Chicago Collegiate Bureau of Occupations, andDrexei House."Perhaps at the recent UniversityAssembly and at other universityaffairs you have noticed antiquedtrays, cigarette boxes, waste baskets,bridge tallies, lamp shades, etc., forsale. These products have been madefrom the famous U. of C. map (anumber are still available) by a committee under the chairmanship ofLouise Viehoff '23, 1933 GreenleafAve. The proceeds go to swell theElizabeth Wallace Alumnae Club scholarship fund.("Athletics," continued from page 225 )Lewis, Shelby Passmore, George Pritikin, Mel Vinfury,Theodore Weinhouse and Norman Weiss of Chicago;Emery Kasenberg, New Windsor, 111.; Cecil Leboy, OakPark; David A. Lefevre, Elkhart, Ind.; Omer Miler, Indianapolis, and George Novak, Cicero.Swimming— Karl L. Adams, Jr., DeKalb, 111.; CharlesS. Wilson, Crystal Lake, 111., and Robert Bethke, JayG. Brown, William Koenig, James Cook and FloydStauffer of Chicago.Track— Stuart Abel, John Beal, Nat Newman, MiltonTryon, James Hand, William Bosworth and Richard Lindenberg of Chicago; Ned Barlett, Glendale, Cal.;Adolph Schuessler, Alton, 111.; Jack Webster, Hinsdale; Alfons Tipshus, Oak Park; John Ballenger, Winnetka; M. Marston, Montclair, N. J.; John Scruby,Beverly Hills, Cal.; Thomas Giles, Tulsa, Okla., andHarry Barton, Watertown, S. D.Wrestling— Irving Feigs, Donald Hughes, SidneyBehannessey, Robert Finwall, Vernon Bernhart, DexterWoods and Caimir Pocius of Chicago; Robert Ware,Oak Park; Richard Anderson, Lyons Center, 111.; EdgarBallou, Storm Lake, la.; Earl Sappinton, Lake City,Fla., and Samuel Wh teside, Evanston.232Japan is the favorite of hundredsot travelers, and when you go byPresident Liner from Seattle thisORIENT CRUISEcosts only 240 TouristNikko's temples, glistening likejewels against their evergreenbackground of giant cryptomeria.Nara's sacred spotted deer, serenewith their run of the charmingpicture-town. Kyoto — capital ofthe handcrafts . . . Miyanoshita.Kamakura.Yokohama. And gleaming, modern Tokyo — rich with thepageantry of this old world's oldest Court.See them this summer. Lowfares on the famous PresidentLiners combine with magic exchange rates to give you the timeof your life for no more than thecost of a very ordinary vacation . . .And if you want to add the thrillsof China and the fascinating Philippines, the cost will be but littlemore.THE SHORT ROUTE"We would like to tell you allabout these storied lands . . . justwhat you may see and do, andexactly what shore costs will be.About these President Liners thatsail every week from Seattle viathe fast Short Route to the Orient— and that let you stopover as youplease. No other service is like thisone. Get every detail from yourown travel agent, or at any oneof our offices.604FifthAve.,NewYork;110S.DearbornSt., Chicago: 311 California St., San Francisco. Or Boston;Washington,D.C; Cleveland; Toronto;Vancouver, B.C. ;Portland,Ore.; Oakland; Los Angeles; San Diego.AMERICANWlaiiJlmBEAD OFFICE: 760 STUART BLDG., SEATTLE £ -^1934GRADUATE TRAVEL GUIDE<^4 FREE TRAVEL SERVICE throughyour GRADUATE MAGAZINEWatch For Your Copy of This Guide.A TRAVEL SERVICEFOR GRADUATESA few days after you receive this magazine, a copy of the 1934 GraduateTravel Guide (pictured above) willbe mailed to your home.This booklet comes to you from theGraduate Travel Service, a non-profitmaking organization established lastyear through the cooperative action ofthe alumni magazines of 44 of theleading universities, including ourown.The Travel Guide contains information regarding trips of every naturein this country and abroad and encloses a prepaid postal card which willbring you, with no obligation or expense on your part, full details andhandsomely illustrated travel literature about any trip that interests you.As this magazine will benefit in theform of paid travel advertisingthrough your use of the GraduateTravel Service, we trust you will availyourself of its facilities.GRADUATE TRAVEL SERVICE30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York CityTravel Headquarters for Graduates of :BostonCalifornia (Berk.)California (L.A.)CaseChicagoCincinnatiColgateColoradoColumbiaCornellCreightonDartmouthDukeIllinoisKansasM. I. T.MichiganMichigan StateMinnesotaMissouriNebraskaN. Y. U. North DakotaNorthwesternNotre DameOhio UniversityOhio StateOhio WesleyanOklahomaOregonOregon StatePennsylvaniaPenn StatePrincetonRutgersSo. CaliforniaStanfordSyracuseTorontoVermontWashingtonWisconsinWoosterYale One of many thrilling, Inexpensivesldetrips when you go-as-you-please by famed President LinersROUNDtheWORLDfor only $ 654 First ClassPresident Liner world cruises aredifferent from all others, for theyallow you to see the world exactlyas you choose — stopping-overwherever you please, making side-trips, then continuing on the next ora later Presiden t Liner as you wish.Sail any Thursday from NewYork, through the Panama Canal;or from California, via Hawaii andthe Sunshine Route; to the Orient... to Malaya, India and Europe . . .to 21 ports in 14 different countries! Your ticket is good for twofull years. But you may make thetrip in no more than 85 days — ifyou cross America by train.ROUND AMERICANo short vacation trip offers somuch pleasure for so very littlemoney as a voyage on these luxurious world-traveling liners, between New York and California —through the Panama Canal. Complete roundtrips: one way by President Liner, the other way by train— Round America are from $255First Class, hometown to hometown. . . There is a sailing everyThursday from New York. Fortnightly from California to NewYork. Stopover en route as you like.Get all details of these famousPresident Liner go-as-you-pleasecruises from your own travel agent,or at any one of our offices.604FifthAve.,NewYork;110S.DearbomSt.,Chicago; 31 1 California St.,San Francisco. OrBoston;Washington,D.C; Cleveland; Toronto; Vancouver,B.C; Portland,Ore.; Oakland; Los Angeles; San Diego.DOLLAR(Stsai4ri^i\w XiMSrienjewwuj lineM or theGREAT WHITEI FLEETTHIS summer, come cruising on theGreat White Fleet as a guest amongfriends ... on a fleet built for tropicalwaters and led by six new snowy liners.Above all, cruise informally ... to fascinating tropical ports, where intelligentshore staffs carry on the entertainmentand intimate personal contacts of shipboard. Outdoor swimming pools — allrooms outside — a cuisine for the mostexacting — and a brilliant schedule ofship entertainment and shore trips.from NEW YORK— cruises of 10 to20 days (some "oil expense") — variously toHAVANA, JAMAICA, PANAMACANAL ZONE,COLOMBIA, COSTA RICA, GUATEMALA,HONDURAS. From $95 to $200 minimum.Sailings Thursdays and Saturdays.from NEW ORLEANS crises of8, 9 or 16 days — variously to HAVANA,GUATEMALA, HONDURAS, PANAMA. From$75, $90and$115 minimum. Sailings Wednesdays and Saturdays.Similar "Guest Cruises" fromLos Angeles and San FranciscoNo passports required. Optional shoreexcursions at all ports.t?romd CALIFORNIAFIRST CLASS — between New York andCalifornia $180 up; between NewOrleans and California, $180 up.For information, literature or tcs-ovations apply any AuthorizedTourist Agency or United FruitCompany, Pier 3, Worth River or332 Fifth Avenue Hew tor\. A MOTOR SERVICE FORGRADUATESAs a supplement to the 1934 Graduate Travel Guide described elsewherein this issue, there is being issued adescriptive booklet (above illustrated) covering the latest information from the leading motor car manufacturers about their new 1934models.Over 80% of our graduates are owners of one or more cars and will wishto have this up-to-the-minute information.Many graduates also who are planning vacations by motor this summer,will wish to avail themselves of theroad map service which is a feature ofthis supplement.There is, of course, no expense or obligation involved. Your use of the facilities of the Motor Service will, however, serve as a gauge for motor carmanufacturers who are watchingclosely this test of the interest shownby our graduates in the advertisingrun in this publication.We trust that this service will proveof interest to our readers and will result in a warm response. So, watch forthe 1934 Graduate Travel Guide andMotor Supplement in your mail nextweek. Your use of these two servicesshould prove of mutual advantage.GRADUATE MOTOR SERVICE30 Rockefeller PlazaNew York City TOURIST GLASSVIA$1 10 (upl ONE WAY $1 98 (up) ROUND TRIPAccording to steamerAs you stroll aboard, you will seein your first glance into hospitablepublic apartments . . . your firstwelcome by a White Star steward. . . your first delicious meal . . .why it is that the Olympic,Majestic and their companionsare always first choice withthose who know and appreciatetrue enjoyment in Tourist Classtravel. Regular services toIreland, England and France.Arrange for passage through yourlocal agent. His services are free.S. S. MAJESTIC(World's largest linerlApril 13, May 4S. S. OLYMPICApril 27, May 18M. V. BRITANNICApril 6, May 5M.V. GEORGIC (new)April 20, May 19WHITE STAR LINE ^fc>INTERNATIONAL MERCANTILE MARINE CO.NO. 1 BROADWAY, NEW YORK • AGENTS EVERYWHEREAt the close of the day, at the end of the week, at theturn of the year, when your mind ranges back to sumit up, what counts for most?Is it not the people you spoke to and what you saidto them and what they said to you? The ideas born inconversation, the new slant given to your thoughts bya word or two, the greetings and farewells, the adviceand the admonitions, the hopes confessed and questions answered — these and a thousand other vocalexpressions make up the story of our lives.To be cut off from human contact is to live but partof life. The wonder of the telephone is that it multiplieshuman contacts, restores broken ones, strengthensstrained ones and constantly develops new ones. In spite of distance or storm or inability to move aboutfreely, you can be as active, sociable, alert and informedas you wish by telephone.Just think of this the next time you use the telephone. With no greater effort than the calling of anumber or the turning of a dial, you can speak to almostanyone, anywhere. No place or person is far away whenyou can say — "I'll call you up."Is this somebody 's birthday? Is someone in another town beingmarried or celebrating a wedding anniversary? The sound of yourvoice and your good wishes will brighten the day. The rates arelow. You can make a daytime station-to-station call to most places75 miles away for about 50c. During the evening and nightperiods many rates are 1 5% to 40% lower than in the daytime.BELL TELEPHONE SYSTEMc^^1We helieveyou 11 enjoythem\t hesterfield they're MILDERthey TASTE BETTER© 1934, Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co.