e sfc *.**<mvi; <Vr.pHerbattlementedtowers shall rise -VOhe tCnfoetstti/ efChtego (BaptacPlIBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI OOUNCILli w1January, 1925Volume XVII. No. 3 ,W . tt"Letters this day—9912-3-24 Met a doctor from the Peking Union Medicai Collegewhó brought in a letter of mine written on June 14.- - - - It had reached him the morning he sailedfor home - - - - Had saved it to remind him to buy"General Cytology", edited by Dr. E. V. Cowdry.- - - - Told me that even in far-off China this bookwith its investigations by thirteen eminent scientistswould be in great demand *•>*¦*A series of coincidences seems to be attending thethe publication of the first three volumes of theHarris Lectures «• «• - -» Today we issued the secondone, De Visscher's "The Stabilization of Europe,''just as America was reading President Coolidge'smessage about similar problems in this country " - -Several weeks ago, on the morning that Volume I,Sir Valentine Chirol's "The Occident and the Orient"was published, Egypt tilted the lid of the cauldron,much as Sir Valentine predicted she mightWhat will happen next week when we issue Kraus 's"Germany in Transition"? - - - -Wrote Prof. Millikan that his. "Electron" had todaygone through another edition i* What the advertising manager of theUniversity of Chicago Press mighthave written in his diary if he had one.XSClie Umbersttp of Cfjtcago jffflaga?meVOL. XVII [ililH NO' 3JANUARY, 1925Editor and Business Manager, Adolph G. Pierrot, '07EDITORIAL BOARD: Commerce and Admìnistration Association — Donald P. Bean, '17;Divinity Association — A. G. Baker, Ph.D., '21 ; Doctors' Association — Henry C. Cowles,Ph.D., '98 ; Law Association — Charles F. McElroy, A.M., '06, J.D., '15 ; School of Education Association — Lillian Stevenson, '21 ; Rush Medicai Association — Morris Fishbein, '11, M.D., '12.Frontispiece : Design of the Rawson Clinical Laboratory.Events and Comment 93What Chicago Papers Say 95Life at Oxford University 97Alumni Affaire 100News of the Quadrangles 101Athletics 102The Letter Box 103University Notes 105Commerce and Admìnistration 110Law School IliRush Medicai College 112School of Education 1 14Book Reviews 115News of the Classes and Associations 116Marriages, Engagements, Births, Deaths 126The Magazine is published monthly from No- made payable to the Alumni Council and shouldvember to July, inclusive, by The Alumni be in the Chicago or New York exchange,Council of The University of Chicago, 58th St. postai or express money order. If locai check isand Ellis Ave., Chicago, 111. The subscription used, 10 cents must be added for collection.price is $2.00 per year; the price of single . ffClaims for missing numbers should be madecopies is 20 cents. flPostage is prepaid by the wjthin the month following the regular monthpublishers on ali orders from the United 0f publication. The publishers expect to sup-States, Mexico, Cuba, Porto Rico, Panama piy missing numbers free only when they haveCanal Zone, Republic of Panama, Hawaiian t,een iost ;n transit.Islands, Philippfee Islands, Guam, Samoan ^ corre ndence should be addressed toIslands. HPostage is charged extra as fol- The Aiumni Council, Box 9, Faculty Exchange,lows:. For Canada i 18 cents on annual sub- The Tjniversity of Chicago, Chicago, 111.scnptions (total $2.18), on single copies, 2 -1 ,,' ,5 . lncents (total 22 cents); for ali other coun- JEnteredas second class matter December 10,tries in the Postai Union, 27 cents on annual "14, at the Postoffice at Chicago, Illinois, un-subscriptions (total $2.27), on single copies, der the Act of March 3, 1871.3 cents (total 23 cents). flRemittances should be fiMember of Alumni Magazines Associated.SQ90 The University of Chicago MagazineThe Alumni CouncilofThe University of ChicagoChairman, Earl D. Hostetter, '07, J. D., '09.Secretary-Treaswrer, Adolph G. Pierrot, '07.The Council for 1924-25 is composed of the following delegatesi (From the College Alumni Association, Term expires 1925, John P. Mentzer, 98; HenrySulcer, '05; Charles F. Axelson, '07; Harold H. Swift, '07; Mrs. Dorothy D. Cum-mings, '16; John Nuveen, Jr., '18; Term expires 1926; Elizabeth Faulkner, '85;Herbert I. Markham, '06; Helen Norris, '07; Raymond J. Daly, '12; Mrs. CharlesF. Grimes, '17; Robert M. Cole, '22; Term expires 1927, Herbert P. Zimmermann,'01; Frank McNair, "03; Leo F. Wormser, '04; Earl D. Hostetter, '07; Arthur A.Goes, '08; Lillian Richards, '19.From the Association of Doctors of PMlosophy, Herbert L. Willett, Ph.D., '96 ; Herbert E.Slaught, Ph.D., '98; Mrs. Mayme Logsdon, Ph.D., '21; Clarence E. Parmenter, '10,Ph.D., '21.From the Divmdty Alumni Association, E. J. Goodspeed, D. B., '97, Ph.D., '98; Guy C.Crippen, '07, A. M., '12, D. B., '12; A. G. Baker, Ph.D., '21.From the Law School Alumni Association, Roy D. Keehn, '02, J. D., '04; Charles F. McElroy,A. M., '06. J. D., '15 ; Walter D. Freyburger, J. D., '10.From the School of Education Alumni Association, R. L. Lyman, Ph.D., '17; Mrs. ScottV. Eaton, '09, A. M., '13; Butler Laughlin, Ex. '22.From the Commerce and Admìnistration Alumni Association, Frank E. Weakly, '14; DonaldP. Bean, '17 ; John A. Logan, '21.From the Rush Medicai College Alumni Association, Ralph C. Brown, '01, M. D., '03; GeorgeH. Coleman, '11, M. D., '13 ; Dallas B. Phemister, '12, M. D., '20.From the Chicago Alumni Club, Paul H. Davis, '11; William H. Lyman, '14; Paul S.Russell, '16.From the Chicago Alumnae Club, Alice Greenacre, '08; Mrs. Helen Carter Johnson, '12;Eleanor J. Atkins, '20.From the University, Henry Gordon Gale, '96, Ph.D., '99.<S>- *^>- -^>Alumni Associations Represented in the Alumni CouncilTHE COLLEGE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, Earl D. Hostetter, '07, The Rookery, Chicago.Secretary, Adolph G. Pierrot, '07, University of Chicago.ASSOCIATION OF DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHYPresident, Mrs. Mayme Logsdon, Ph.D., '21, University of Chicago.Secretary, Herbert E. Slaught, Ph.D., '98, University of Chicago. -DIVINITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, Elijah Hanley, Ex., First Baptist Church, Berkeley, Calif.Secretary, Bruce E. Jackson, D.B., '10, 1131 Wilson Ave., Salt Lake City.LAW SCHOOL ASSOCIATIONPresident, Roy D. Keehn, '02, J.D., '04, 10 S. La Salle St, Chicago.Secretary, Charles F. McElroy, A.M., '06, J.D., '15, 1609 Westminster Bldg., Chicago.SCHOOL OF EDUCATION ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, G. Walter Willett, Ph.D., '23, Lyons Township High School, La Grange,Illinois.Secretary, Lillian Stevenson, '21, University of Chicago.COMMERCE AND ADMÌNISTRATION ALUMNI ASSOCIATOXPresident, Donald P. Bean, '17, University of Chicago.Secretary, Miss Charity Budinger, '20, 6031 Kimbark Ave., Chicago.RUSH MEDICAL COLLEGE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, Ernest E. Irons, '00, Ph.D., '12, M. D., '13, 122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago.Secretary, Charles A. Parker, M. D., '91, 7 W. Madison St., Chicago.-^-K <^>- -^bxAH Communications should be sent to the Secretary of the proper Association or to the AlumniCouncil, Faculty Exchange, University of Chicago.The dues for Membership in either one of the Associations named above, including subscriptions tothe_ University of Chicago Magazine, are $2.00 per year. A holder of two or more degrees from theUniversity of Chicago may be a member of more than one Association in such ihstances the dues aredivided and shared equally by the Associations involved.Club Officers — Class SecretariesOFFICERS OF UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO CLUBS 91Atlanta and Decattar, Ga. (Georgia Club).Sec, Mercer G. Evans, Emory University.Baltimore, Md. Sec, Lois Whitney, GoucherCollege.Boise Valley, Idaho. Sec, Mrs. J. P. Pope,702 Brumback St., Boise.Boston (Massachusetts Club). Sec, Mrs.Francis F. Tische, 352 Riverway, Boston.Cedar Falls and Waterloo (lowa). Sec,Alison E. Aitchison, lowa State TeachersCollege, Cedar Falls, la.Chicago Alumni Club. Sec, S. A. Rother-mel, 175 W. Jackson Blvd.Chicago Alumnae Club. Sec, Mrs. FredHuebenthal, 4119 Washington Blvd.Cincinnati, O. Sec, E. L. Talbert, University of Cincinnati.Cleveland, O. Sec, Clara D. Severin, 2593Dartmoor Rd., Cleveland Heights.Columbus, O. Sec, Ward G. Reeder, OhioState University.Connecticut. Sec, Florence McCormick,Connecticut Agr. Exp. Station, NewHaven.Dallas, Tex. Sec, Rhoda Pfeiffer Hammill,1417 American Exchange Bank Bldg.Denver (Colorado Club). Pres., FrederickSass, 919 Foster Bldg.Des Moines, la. Sec, Ida T. Jacobs, Theo-dorè Roosevelt High School.Detroit, Mieli. Sec, James M. McConnel,647 Griswold St.Emporia, Kan. Pres., Pelagius Williams,State Normal School.Grand Forks, N. D. Pres., Dr. John M.Gillette, University of North Dakota.Grand Rapids, Mich. Sec, Mrs. Floyd Mc-Naughton, 130 Mayfield Ave., N. E.Honolulu, T. H. H. R. Jordan, First Judi-cial Circuit.Indianapolis, Ind. Sec, Belle Ramey, 718 E.34th St.lowa City, la. Pres., . Prof. B. L. Ullman,State University of lowa.Kansas City, Mo. Sec, Mary S. Wheeler,3331 Oliver Street.Knoxville, Terni. Sec, Arthur E. Mitchell,415 Castle St.Lansing, Mich. (Central Michigan Club)..Sec, Stanley E. Crowe, Mich. Agr. College.Lawrence Kan. Sec, Earl U. Manchester,University of Kansas.Lexington, Ky. Sec, W. Lewis Roberts,University of Kentucky.Los Angeles, Cai. (Southern CaliforniaClub). Sec, J. Harry Hargreaves, 707Merchants' National Bank Bldg.Louisville, Ky. George T. Ragsdale, 1483So. Fourth St. Milwaukee, Wis. Sec, Karl A. Hauser, 425E. Water St.Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. (Twin C i t i e sClub). Sec, Mrs. Dorothy Augur Siver-ling, 2910 James Ave. So., Minneapolis.New York, N. Y. (Alumni Club). Sec,A. H. Hruda, 427 W. 14th St.New York Alumnae Club. Sec, Mrs. LoisSutherland Spear, 2761 Sedgwick Ave.,N. Y. C.Omaha (Nebraska Club). Sec, Juliette Grif-fin, Central High School.Peoria, 111. Sec, Anna J. LeFevre, BradleyPolytechnic Institute.Philadelphia, Pa. Pres., W. Henry Elfreth,21 S. Twelfth St.Pittsburgh, Pa. Sec, Rheinhardt Thiessen,U. S. Bureau of Mines.Portland, Ore. Sec, Jessie M. Short, ReedCollege.St". Louis, Mo. Sec, L. R. Felker, 5793Westminster Place.Salt Lake City, Utah. Pres., W. H. Leary,625 Kearns Bldg.San Francisco, Cai. (Northern CaliforniaClub.) Sec, William H. Bryan, 414 KohlBldg.Seattle, Wash. Pres., Robert F. Sandali,612 Alaska Bldg.Sioux City, la. Pres., David W. Stewart,723 Frances Bldg.South Dakota. Sec, Anna Fastenaw, Principal, Emerson School, Sioux Falls, S. D.Tri Cities (Davenport, Ia.; Rock Island andMoline, 111.) Sec, Miss Ella Preston,1322 E. 12th St., Davenport.Tucson, Arizona. Pres., James G. Brown,University of Arizona.Vermont. Pres., E. G. Ham, Brandon, Vt.Virginia. Pres., F. B. Fitzpatrick, EastRadford, Va.Washington, D. C. Sec, Bertha Henderson,No.-l Hasketh St, Chevy Chase, Md.West Suburban Alumnae (Branch of Chicago Alumnae Club). Chairman, Mrs. V.M. Huntington, 233 Ashland Ave., RiverForest, 111.Wichita, Kan., Pres., A. F. Styles, KansasState Bank.FOREIGN REPRESENTATIVESManila, P. I. Conrado Benitez, PhilippineHerald.Shanghai, China. Sec, Mrs. Eleanor Whip-ple Peter, 90 Route de Say Zoong.Tokyo, Japan. E. W. Clement, First HighSchool.CLASS SECRETARIESAH addresses are in Chicago unless otherwise stated.'94.'95.'96.'97.'98.'99.'00.'01.'OS.'03.'0'0'01'0•fì. Herman von Holst, 72 W. Adams St.Horace G. Lozier, 176 W. Jackson Blvd.Charlotte Foye, 5602 Kenwood Ave.Harry W. Stone, 10 S. La Salle St.Scott Brown, 208 S. La Salle St.John F. Hagey, First National Bank.Josephine T. Allin, 4805 Dorchester Ave.Mrs. Davida Harper Eaton, 6744 Kimbark Ave.Marian Fairman, 4744 Kenwood Ave.Mrs. Ethel Remick McDowell, 1440 E. 66th PI.Agness J. Kaufman. Lewis Institute. '09. Mary E. Courtenay, 1538 E. Marquette Rd.'10. Bradford Gill, 175 W. Jackson Blvd.'11. William H. Kuh, 2001 Elston Ave.'12. Harriet Murphy, 4830 Grand Blvd.'13. James A. Donovan, 209 S. La Salle St.'14. John B. Perlee, 5512 University Ave.'15. Mrs. Phyllis Fay Horton, 1229 E. 56th St'16. Mrs. Dorothy D. Cummings, 7214 Yates Ave.'17. Lyndon H. Lesch, 230 S. Clark St.'18. Barbara Miller, 5520 Woodlawn Ave.19. Mrs. Carroll Mason Russell, 5202 Woodlawn.'20. Mrs. Theresa Rothermel, 1222 E. 52nd St.'21. Elizabeth Williford, Memphis, Tenn.'22. Mina Morrison, 5600 Dorchester Ave.'23. Egil Krogh (Treas.), 6312 Ellis Ave.'» i T,,l^ T>U»^..n r ? 9 r -"-- -» *--0SìOcotnC®f)e SUmbergttp of Cfjtcago jfWap?meVOL. XVII JANUARY, 1925THE new year is upon us. To ali at theUniversity and to our Alumni it bringsa feeling of confidence that 1925, as a resultof the enthusiastic efforts now1925 being extended on behalf of theBegins University, will prove one of theoutstanding years of achievement inthe whole history of the University's progress. Any one who has been receiving theseries of messages sent out by the Commit-tee on Development, or who has been incontact with the metropolitan press, par-ticularly in and near Chicago, will have beenimpressed by this time with the feeling thata great advance is to be made. In this ad-vance the Alumni, as is "botti fitting andproper," will take a most important part —indeed, in some respects, a decisive part sofar as the general success of certain phasesof the advance are concerned. We believewe express the sentiments of our readers instating that, as the nation-wide cali comesfor Alumni cooperation and assistance, thatcali will be answered — and answered to anextent that will justify the frank reliancethat has been placed on the Alumni by AlmaMater.* * *On another page in this number is re-corded the recent gift by the Trustees ofthe University of the impressive sum of$1,679,800 toward the Deve1-The Trustees' opment Fund now to beGift raised. Entirely aside fromany such direct mone'arygifts, probably few people fully realize justhow mujsh ¦¦-,, jn yaluable time, energy andconstantly attentiye labor the Trustees aresteadily called upon to give to the University. That they' do perform , such laborswithout stint is itself a striking tribute totheir profound interest in the welfare andadvancement of the institution. When, inaddition to such Constant contribution, thisgroup of but twenty-four men contributedirectly so large a sum of money for thefurtherance of education and research alChicago, we have an evidence of support andinterest that calls forth our fullest admiration and appreciation. It might almost be re-garded, indeed, as something of a "challenge"to the Alumni everywhere and to citizensof the Middle West.The Trustees have frankly set forth aninspiring Program for the University; theyhave pointed out, with equal and laudablefrankness, the opportunities for constructive,permanent achievement that this Programoffers to citizens and Alumni; but, further-more, they have "set the pace," as it were,and have themselves given the Program amost auspicious start toward realization.The Alumni will not fail to appreciate thisservice and this direct assistance; on thecontrary, they will appreciate it fully,* and,we are certain, will give concrete evidenceof their appreciation.At the sanie time as the announcement ofthe Trustees' gift, carne the announcementthat Professor and . Mrs. Frank R. Lilliehave given $60,000- for the erection of abuilding for experimental zoòlogy, and thatMr. Charles F. Grey, a citizen of Chicago,has made a gift to the University in thevalue of $200,000. This.is additional evidence of generosity toward the Universitythat ali of its members and friends deeplyappreciate. The total value of these recent gifts approaches the sum of $2,000,-000. This surely gives the campaign a mostpromising beginning. It is up to MiddleWest citizens and to Alumni everywhere toussure a successful conclusion.The recent letter sent to Alumni, as pre-pared by Mr. Trevor Arnett, '98, Vice-Pres-ident and Business Manager of the University, has set forth clearly theThe Arnett financial situation at the Uni-Letter versity and the resultant diffi-culties that not only prevent ob-viously needed expansion but even threatenthe maintenance of the educational leadership that has characterized the Universitysince its founding. The fact that the University even in its normal operations, op-erations that are always administered with94 Tue University of Chicago Magazinenotable economy and efnciency, is con-fronted with a deficit under its present income, and the further fact that its endow-ment increase in the last five years hastrailed far behind that of such other private institutions as Harvard, Columbia,Princeton and Yale, sufficiently prove Chi-cago's imperative need for a substantial increase in endowment. Ali this aside fromobvious needs for a number of additionalbuildings and additional cquipment. Theletter presents this financial situation in amanner that makes the scrious conditionsquite self-evident. It carne as somethingof a surprise, no doubt, to many Alumniand to the general public who have longbeen in the habit of supposing that the University of Chicago has no financial problems.Mr. Arnett, in thus effectively clearing upand setting aright the ideas of many thou-sands on this fundamental point, has ren-dered a most valuable and timely serviceto the forthcoming efforts on behalf of theUniversity.* * *In December the writer made a tripthrough the South, visiting the larger citiesalong the Mississippi Valley, meeting withlocai Alumni groups to discussSouthern informally and make tentativeHospitality preparations for the Alumni en-deavor soon to be launched. Inali places visited, he is happy to "broadcast," he was most cordially received; thefine combination of Southern hospitality and sincere interest in the University re-sulted in attention and receptions everywhere that were delightfully pleasing. Thissection of the South has long been one fromwhich many of our students come, espe-cially so in the Summer quarters; it haslong regarded the University with deepand growing interest and with appreciationof the exceptional opportunities it affordsin higher education somewhat convenientlyfor this section of the country. The Alumnimet on this visit displayed a keen interestin Chicago's aims, and a willingness toserve as opportunity permitted was mani-fested. We know that the South is hos-pitable; we are sure, too, that it is loyal.In a recent address to students PresidentBurton said that the University will standamong other things for scholarship, and hereminded them what scholar-Scholarship ship is:"It is not pedantry. It is notdry-as-dust facts. It is primarily an attitudeand secondarily an achievement. It is aninterest in knowing things, a desire fortruth, an insatiable curiosity not about thetrivial and the unimportant but about thegreat things of the world and of human life.As an achievement, it is the acquisition ofknowledge, and stili more, a confirmed attitude of openmindedness toward truth andacceptance of it."The Reynolds Club TheatreThe picture shows the "little theatre" in the Reynolds Club which has been thescene of many parties, "snmkers," and gatberings. Ida Noyes Hall has a similar theatrefor the women students.WHAT CHICAGO PAPERS SAY&S"5ffiE5ffia5a5SHSH5H252525E5EE5S52H^WITH the announcement of the Develop-ment Program of the University ofChicago — a program with which ali of ourAlumni are now quite familiar — the responseof the newspapers of Chicago has been mostgratifying and complimentary. The follow-ing excerpts, taken from the editorial com-ments of the various Chicago newspapers,indicate to some extent their sound appreciation of the University and its remarkableachievements, and their enthusiastic attitudetoward the Program of Development.The Chicago Tribune"Chicago, which is honored by the university that bears its name," says an editorialin the Chicago Tribune, following the announcement of the development program,"should turn to this great institution witha new interest and sense of responsibility.The middle west should realize that amongthe many splendid universities of the region,privately endowed or maintained by thestates, the University of Chicago has beendeveloping, and, if properly supported, willcontinue to develop, a special place andservice."The west itself is reaching a new levelof economie security, developing new economie interests and resources. It is enteringupon a new social and cultural stage withan extraordinary equipment for the spreadof intelligence and the acquisition of knowl-edge. Provincialism is disappearing and ourneed for knowledge and training to adjustthe individuai to the swiftly complicatingworld about him and the need of our societyfor standards and leadership are more andmore urgent. We think they are also ap-parent and that an appeal such as the University of Chicago makes will not fail ofintelligent response."The Chicago Herald & ExaminerNo less generous in its praise and encour-agement was the Herald and Examinerwhose leading editorial on the morning ofNovember 24 stated that for a long time theUniversity has occupied a prominent placein American education. "We do not enterhere on any discussion of the merits of theUniversity," the editorial continues. "It'swork is well, and, as we have said, verywidely known. We would only point outthat it is now and always has been by name,by location, by the character of its studentbodv, and by its ingenuity of accomplish- Trustees of the University Contribute$1,679,800 to Its DevelopmentFundAt the recent Trustees' dinner tothe Faculties of the' University of Chicago, President Burton announced thevery generous gift by members of theBoard of Trustees of $1,679,800 towardthe $17,500,000 development fund whichthe University is seeking for the en-dowment of instruction and researchand the erection of new buildings.President Burton also announcedthat Professor and Mrs. Frank R.Lillie have given to the University$60,000 for the erection of a buildingto be used for experimental zoòlogy.Professor Lillie, w-ho is Chairman ofthe Department of Zoòlogy, has beenconnected with the University fornearly twenty-five years and is widelyknown in his specal field of research.Another gift announced was that byMr. Charles F. Grey of Chicago realestate valued at $200,000. The donoris the father of Mr. Howard G. Grey,who has been a University Trusteesince 1900.ment, the University of Chicago; and webelieve that the cooperation of the citizenswho believe in sound 'higher education' willbe notable and immediate."The Chicago Daily NewsThe publication of the University's aimsfor the current year impressed anew the sig-nificance of the institution upon the editorialvvriters of Chicago's evening press. "In thedevelopment of a great educational institution," says the Chicago Daily News, "greatnot only in buildings and grounds and innumbers of students enrolled, but also in itsinfluence upon the intellectual. life of thetime — there lies an important opportunityfor notable service. Whoever helps in theupbuilding of the university is making aninvestment exceptionally safe and sure in itsreturns. Indeed there is no limit to the yieldfrom money devoted to work of equippingyoung men and women with the best theworld holds in constructive thought and inpractical training, at the same time instruct-ing them how through research to add di-rectly to the sum of the world's usefulknowledge."Education wisely applied is the powerthat makes a great people. Chicago's aspira-9596 The University of Chicago Magazinetion should cause its citizens earnestly toendeavor to make it the chief educationalcenter of the greatest people on earth."The Chicago Evening PostIn the opinion of The Chicago EveningPost, "Chicago and the University of Chicago are inseparably related, in a relation-ship which is vastly more than geographi-cal." In the service of "teaching man to usebis intellect bravely" the University has beenthe dynamic center for the city, the Postcontinues. "Progressively it has tended torelate self to the community, to become botha rneans of expression and an energizingsource for the city's life. It is dischargingits obligations. It is heaping up a debt uponthe shoulders of citizenship which we shouldhe glad of opportunity to pay."Hence when it comes to us with such aprogram as was recently given to the press,ihere should be a responsive readiness onthe part of those who have the means tohelp in achieving it. That program, asPresident Burton has said, is based on noostentatious ambition to surpass others inwealth or size, but upon the high purpose'to build the best possible university for theservice in the region and in the particulartìelds where its opportunities and responsi-bilities He.' This region and these fields arein importance second to none in America.They justly demand the best that Americacan provide."The Chicago JournalThe Chicago Journal comments in part asfollows: "A few comparisons may help toshow the magnitude of the proposed effort.The sum which the university expects toraise in a single year is four times the reve-nue of the federai government for the sameperiod when George Washington first tookthe reins. It is about equal to the entirerevenue of the United States treasury forthe year 1820, and a little more than thereceipts of the Panama Canal for that of1923."The program of extension and development thus inaugurated is expected to continue until a total of $54,000,000 has beenadded to the resources of the institution."Interpreting President Burton's statementabout the campaign, the Journal concludes:"It is a proper distinction. The servicewhich the University of Chicago already hasgiven to the world and the middle west inparticular bid fair to be but the start in anenlarged program of usefulness."The University and the Alumni, we aresure, profoundly appreciate this most cor-dial and greatly helpful attitude and cooperatimi of the press of the City of Chicago, English Cathedral Architecture as Seen byPresident BurtonIn view of the early construction of thenew Gothic Chapel on the Midway, it is ofspecial interest to note some impressionsof English cathedral architecture as givenby President Burton in the Chicago DailyNews. "As I went from town to town andsaw those great monuments of English re-ligion and English history, the cathedrals,there grew upon me," says President Burton, "the impression that they must exert areally very strong influence on the minds ofthe people."In considering, from the point of view ofreligion, the influence of the cathedrals, Ireasoned partly from two observed facts:That the cathedrals are thronged with wor-shipers at the hours of service; and thatnearly ali the cathedrals were raising moneyfor those repairs necessary to buildings soextensive, and were, in fact, receiving con-siderable sums."I felt that this great number of splendidarchitectural monuments, surpassing inbeauty and dignity everything else of 'anarchitectural character, must insensibly impress the youthful and the unthinking thatreligion is an essential element of nationallife."The conviction which gradually impressesone is that it is worth while for America tobuild for a long future, and in its applicationto the University of Chicago that we oughtto build thoughtfully in the light of our ownexperience and that of others. I believe alsothat the time has come to build energetically.in order that, in an immediate future sofraught with great possibilities of good ancievil, we may render our largest possibleservice."* * *One Hundred Thirty-fifth ConvocationAt the One Hundred Thirty-fifth Convocation of the University on December 23.President Burton presided and ProfessorJulius Stieglitz, Chairman of the Departmentof Chemistry and Director of the UniversityLaboratories, delivered the ConvocationAddress, on "Chemistry in the Service ofMan."In the Colleges of Arts, Literature, andScience, the School of Commerce and Admìnistration, and the College of Education,98 Bachelor's degrees were conferred. Inthe Divinity School there were 4 candidatesfor higher degrees; in the Law School, 3;in the Graduate Schools of Arts, Literature,and Science, 42; and in Rush Medicai College, now a part of the University, 30. Thetotal number of degrees conferred was 184,Among the graduates were a Japanese, aChinese, two Filipinos, and an East Indianwoman,35ffiE5EEffiE53E5EffiSHffi?Hffi5ESrHSr5r^Life at Oxford University |[Ed. Note: This letter, from Robert L. Henry, Jr.,'02, J.D. '08, depicts graphically some interestingphases of student and faculty life at Oxford University, England, where Mr. Henry studied for a time.As announced in our December number, Mr. Henrywas recently appointed a judge of the InternationalCourt at Alexandria, Egypt, upon nomination by Secretary of State Charles E. Hughes. We believe thatour readers will be interested in this description óflife at Oxford.]* * *IN your last letter you ask me to teli yousomething of our life and friends. Heregoes — one of the features which I have en-joyed very much is Sunday night dinnerwith the "dons" on one of the colleges. Asyou know, there are 20 odd colleges — some30 if you count the theological colleges. Ineach one of the 20 undergraduate collegesthere is a dining hall where the studentsand the dons (short for dominus or master,a general term for professors, teachers andtutors), have dinner — the other meals theyhave served in their own rooms. You nodoubt saw several of the halls, including theone at Christ Church College when youwere in Oxford. The Commons at the University of Chicago is a copy of the ChristChurch dining hall. You know what mag-nificent places they are, with their paneledwalls, groined ceilings, portraits of distin-guished graduates, and stained glass Windows. The students in their gowns file inat seven and take their places — then comesin the procession of dons in cap and gownheaded by the head of the college, (theProvost, Warden, Master or President).When they have reached their places ali, including dons and students, remain standinguntil the grace is read, in Latin, by one ofthe students. But from this point on I amgoing to forget the students, and describe adinner in ali from the point of view of oneof the dons. In order to be specific I shalldescribe a dinner at Ali Souls' College, whichis the one college which has no students.You will recali that I am lecturing in AliSouls'. I am a University lecturer but mostof the law lectures are given at Ali Souls'.It was there that Blackstone delivered hisfamous lectures in 1756, which in the formof Blackstone's Commentaries was for morethan a century the leading elementary lawbook in England and in America. So AliSouls' is my college at present and I fre-quently dine there — my old college where Iwas an undergraduate is Worcester. I alsodine there every now and then on Sundayevenings — am a member of their SeniorCommon Room, i. e., a sort of don's club.The unmarried dons live in the college quad-rangles, and take ali of their dinners in hall.The married ones dine there two or threetimes a week, and nearly always on Sundayevenings. Sunday also is guest night, andthe dinner is just a bit better than on theother nights. I personally do not dine inhall, except frequently on Sunday 'nights. It is the custom to have a full attendanceon Sunday nights — and there are always anumber of guests from other colleges.There are from about a dozen dons in thesmaller colleges, to about 30 or 40 in thelarger. That makes the usuai Sunday nightgathering of dons in each of the collegesfrom about 15 to 30. These are the SeniorCommon Room groups, sort of dons' clubs.On Sunday night each don dines in his owncollege hall or is a guest at some other college. Guest night affords an opportunity forbecoming acquainted with the dons of othercolleges. I have enjoyed dining in a numberof different colleges.But to come back to Ali Souls'. The College was founded in 1437 by ArchbishopChichele and Henry VI. There were 40 fel-lowships provided for, and four bible clerks— the bible clerks are students whose dutyit is to read grace in hall and perform certain services in the chapel, — their numberhas now been reduced to two. They arenot taught by the fellows — the latter have noduties whatever. Each fellow receives 200Pounds a year, and a number of perquisites,including the use of a handsome suite ofrooms, a study, bed room, and dressingroom. There are 40 of these suites in thecollege, one for each fellow. There are alsoa number of lecture rooms, one of them avery handsome room with Enzabeihan dec-orations, in which Blackstone lectured. Mylecture room is very attractive. It is quitea large room, the walls lined with books,When Gladstone was a fellow of the college,it was his study — (I shouldn't care for sucha large study myself, and it is not now usedfor that purpose, but as a lecture room).You may well imagine that fellowships pay-ing 200 Pounds a year (which is not muchnow, less than $1,000.00, but which a centuryor even less ago was a large sum), with noduties were much sought after. The resultwas that to become a fellow of Ali Souls'was considered a great honor, and it stili is.The fellowships are sought after now chiefìyfor the honor, rather than the perquisites.Fellows do not have to reside in Oxford andmost of them do not. It is the aim of theCollege that about 30 out of the 40 fellowsshould always be the most distinguishedscholars in England in the fields of Law,History and Government. These older fellows are elected for life. There are alwaysa number of young men elected for termsof seven years, men who have distinguishedcollege records, and, who compete in an ex-amination for a fellowship when a vacancyoccurs. Most of these ten or a dozen youngscholars of promise reside at Oxford, andoccupy their suites in College, as they areunmarried men. They are not required toreside here ali of the year. I believe forthese younger ones on a seven years' pro-bation there is a requirement of a minimum9S The University of Chicago Magazineof six weeks' residence during the year. Theidea is that these young men will devotethemselves to scholarly pursuits and research, but there is no supervision. Theyare quite free to do as they please. A partof the examination is for the candidates forfellowships to dine with the fellows of theCollege, in order that their social and personal qualifications may be inspected, beforethey are voted upon.Ali Souls' has a magnificent library. Thereading room is a great hall about the sizeof the reading rooms in the Law Library,or the Harper Memorial Library at the University of Chicago. It is the finest Collegelibrary in Oxford — i. e., it is next in impor-tance to the University Library, theBodleian, which latter is the second largestin the world. The British Museum is thefirst, and the Paris Library the third. TheAli Souls' library makes a specialty of Law,History and Government. It is the LawLibrary of Oxford. I wonder if you remem-ber it. Ali Souls' is in the heart of theUniversity Buildings. It runs along besideSt. Mary's, the University Church, and theRadcliffe Camera. In addition to its finelibrary, it has a large and beautiful chapel,and a fine dining hall, the walls of whichare covered with the portraits of the distinguished ex-fellows, among them most ofthe distinguished Judges of England. AnySunday evening one is sure to find a mostinteresting company at dinner. In additionto the group of distinguished young scholars, there are always some of the Law orHistory Professors, and several of the non-resident celebrities. There are usually oneor two of the Judges of the High Court ofEngland there. The chief law and historyprofessors of the University are alwaysmade fellows of Ali Souls', and the Collegeitself has established and provides the fundsfor several law and history lecturers.For dinner we assemble in the dressingroom in cap and long, flowing, silk gowns —over dinner coats. The procession forms andmoves into hall. We take our places at thetable and the Warden, or the senior fellowpresent, says a brief grace in Latin, and wetake our seats. As there are no students,the "high" table is not on a dias at one endof the hall, as in the other Colleges, butruns down the middle.I cannot describe the food accurately. Thechef is wonderful. It is quite as perfect ameal as you could get at the best hotel orrestaurant in New York. The first courscis soup; the second, a fancy concoction ofsome sort, sometimes a poached egg wellconcealed with many flourishes; the third isfish, usually sole; the fourth, some gamebird, usually pheasant; the fifth, a very elaborate dessert of the pudding family; and thesixth, a fancy cheese course. Claret andSauterne are served with the fish course andthroughout the meal. There are, of course,various fancy potato dishes, and vegetablcs«erved with the fish and meat courses.Upon finishing the cheese course we risiand the Warden pronounces a Latin beno- diction, and we move off, taking our napkins(or serviettes as they cali them), to theCommon Room. It is a magnificent oldroom, a great stone fireplace on one side,high paneled walls and ceiling, about 40 feetsquare, and 20 feet high. We gather arounda glistening mahogany table. There is ahigh silver candelabra with five tali candle-sticks in the center of the table, reachingwell above our heads. The room is lightedonly by firelight and candlelight, thus leav-ing most of it in semi-darkness, throughwhich the portraits on the walls are onlyfaintly visible. The table is set with a heavysilver service, plates and finger bowls ondoilies, and a great variety of fruit andsweet meats. There are always pears, apples,and great luscious hothouse grapes amongthem. There are three wine glasses besideeach piate. Claret and Sauterne are availablefor those who desire to continue drinkingthe same wine as in hall, but most of usshift to port or sherry. We partake of fruitand sweet meats and several glasses of wine.We linger here perhaps three-quarters of anhour. Then before rising to go to the nextroom a number, not including myself, takesnuff. There are a number of great silvercaskets, elaborately wrought, used as snuffboxes. A don takes a pinch of it, and placesit on his hand in the little hollow betweenthe thumb and forefinger, and applies it tothe nostri! Then we proceed to the thirdroom where we have coffee. We generallystand up in the coffee room before the tireand mix about a bit, greeting acquaintances.In the coffee room are kept the mallardmedals. When Archbishop Chichele laid thecorner stone of the college in 1437 the mallard first appeared. Prior to the day of thatceremony there had been heavy rains, and apond of considerable size had collected inthe excavation made for the foundation. Asthe procession headed by the Archbishopapproached a large mallard duck was seenupon the pond, certainly a good omen. Eversince that day, on the College seal, in stainedglass Windows, in chapel and hall, in stonecarving, wherever the Archbishop is por-trayed there is also to be seen the mallard.The peculiar part of it is that the samemallard appears in the College alive onceevery hundred years, at the precise momentthat the new century is boni. Last Sundayevening, Oman, the well-known historian,Chichele Professor of History, and who alsorepresents Oxford University in Parliament,told me of his taking part in the hunting ofthe mallard on the night of December 31,1900-January 1, 19C1. He showed me themedals which have been stuck off at thebeginning of each century since 1437 incommemoration of the visits of the mallard.The medals are in silver, somewhat largerthan a silver dollar, and are works of art.One of the best artists of the day was eachtime engaged to design the medal, and theyare beautifully wrought, a design on eachside. One of the reliefs represents the LordMallard, as the fellow of the college iscallcd who (inds the mallard, and the mallardLife at Oxford University 99is of course in the picture, represented asbrought home in triumph. The medals areali quite different, and most interesting froman artistic point of view. The 40 fellows ofthe college are ali summoned for the greatevent. There is, of course, a banquet in hall.At midnight the procession makes the roundof ali the college buildings, including theroofs, — the dignitaries are of course in capand gown, and each carries a torch — climbing about the roof in long flowing gowns,particularly for the white haired membersof the procession, torch in hand, I am told,quite a difficult feat. Somewhere on theroof, the mallard is found by the most be-loved of the fellows, and he is henceforthaffectionately known among his brethren asLord Mallard. The medal is struck off inhis honor and presented to him — (He, how-ever, places it to be viewed for ali time tocome, in the coffee room of the College).Oman in telling me about the 1901 mallardhunt described it as a pleasant example of"divination." The conversation bristles withwords I have not heard before, but whosemeaning I can guess from my knowledgeof Latin. Oman also showed me severalvolumes of the College betting book whichis also kept in the Coffee Room. The bookhas been continuously used by the fellowssince the Napoleonic Wars, i. e., for 120years. There are bets on almost every con-ceivable subject from questions of war, poli-tics, and questions of the hour to those themost erudite. Naturally among such schol-arly company there are numberless bets onthe most obscure points of history or learn-ing, resulting from disputes among thescholars. For example, "Fahr bets Warnerthat the second daughter of the EmpressFsutina was called Vespasiana and not Ves-pasina," or that the 74th Emperor spelledhis name Hermosinus and not Hermositus.But it would give a most incorrect impres-sion if I led you to think that there was anynarrowness of scope in the matters aboutwhich disputes, and hence bets arose. Omanread to me a large number of the bets madeduring the' time of the Russo-Turkish War,1878 — he turned to that volume I supposeto reminisce — for those bets were made whenhe was one of the younger fellows, some ofthem by himself. There were bets on alisorts of military and politicai questions, e. g.,that the Russians would be in Constanti-nople within 15 days. To come down tomost recent times there was a bet by Omanthat Harding would be elected, (he gaveodds of 10 to 1), and that Japan wouldaccept the 5-5-3 naval ratio. The amountof money bet is usually about half a crown,i. e., 2s, 6d, but some go as high as achampagne dinner for the college, (champagne, however, doesn't cost as much as inAmerica). One of the most frivilous of therecent bets was by one of .the dons that hecould hang by his toes from some ledge inthe coffee room for 5 seconds. He won,making it 8 seconds, hanging by his toesfrom a moulding above a door. That wouldnerhaDs be too undienified a performance for most of the dons, it happened to be aCanadian fellow; but they are anything butsolemn and sedate. Probably ali of the fellows have been athletes, and the youngerones keep it up. A number and myself be-long to the Graduates Hockey Club. Wehave match games two or three times aweek.After partaking of coffee we moved on tothe fourth or smoking room — it is also usedas a lounge library. There are many greatleather arm chairs, and shelves of books.There is a Common Room book fund. Anytime a fellow learns of a book he would liketo read he gets it for the library. The volume and range of the reading is immense,and it is discussed in the Common Rooms.Where they get the time for such a largeamount of reading I cannot fathom, eventaking into consideration that they are fellows of Ali Souls'. If they did nothing else,I do not see how they read as much as theirconversation indicates that they do. Thefour-room system affords an opportunity totalk to half a dozen or more men duringthe same evening. There are the men ateach side of you at the dinner in hall, andprobably two different men at fruit and winein the first Common Room. In the CoffeeRoom you have an opportunity to moveabout and to say a few words to ali of youracquaintances. When we get to the smoking room we gather in a big semi-circle ingreat leather chairs around the fireplace, orin small groups of four or five. The conversation becomes more or less general inperhaps two or three groups. Cigars comefirst and then ali fili their pipes and we set-tle down in our chairs for a good, long,quiet talk. There is a side table providedwith gin, whisky and liqueurs, also lemon,lime and individuai soda bottles — so when-ever your throat is dry from much smokingyou rise and mix your own.The conversation bristles with ertiditionand wit. It ripples with anecdotes and quips,and covers the range of the universe. Wealways discuss the questions of the day, andthere could hardly be a group better in-formed.But I must stop now — I have alreadyspent a Sunday morning on this letter. Willyou please let William Wirt read it, andthen mail it to Dr. Ernst Freund, the LawSchool, The University of Chicago? Thereare several other matters about which Iwould like to write you at length, and shallprobably do so at the first opportunity, andthen ask you to pass them on. For example,at the dinner at Ali Souls' on last Sundayevening (I am finishing this letter a weekafter it was begun) I had a long talk withMr. Justice Darling of the High Court. Heasked Elaine and myself to sit on the benchwith him at the Assizes the next day, whichwe did; and also we lunched with him andhis daughter at the Judge's Mansion, whichused to be the town house of the Duke ofMarlborough. The Judge and his daughtertook tea with us yesterday. The Assizes andali of the ceremony connected with themwere most interesting,ALUMNIPresident Burton Guest of Milwaukee ClubI submit herewith a brief report of ourlast Alumni meeting and it was certainly anotable gathering for our locai group.One hundred places were set and fullyoccupied at the Hotel Astor on Tuesdayevening, December 16th. President ErnestDeWitt Burton was our guest and gave us avery interesting and comprehensive idea ofthe development plans which are now underway for the University and the assistancewhich would be expected from former students and Alumni. Mr. Burton enunciated,in a striking way, \-,ith relation to the aimsof our University. We also felt highly hon-orecl in being the first Alumni group to beaddressed by Dr. Burton on the developmentcampaign and we are sure some of his spiritwas caught by everyone present, and we alifelt highly repaid for coming out to themeeting.Other guests of honor were the principalsof the various high schools of Milwaukee,Superintendent Milton D. Potter, who is oneof our own Alumni, and Miss Briggs, president of Milwaukee Downer College. AlsoDr. Ganfield, president of Carroll College,Waukesha. Mr. Rudy Mathews presided atthe meeting.We are looking forward to another visitfrom Dr. Burton and hope that it will notbe as long as the period which has elapsedsince we were last able to entertain thePresident of our Alma Mater.Sincerely yours, K. A. Hauser, '19,Secretary.Atlanta Alumni Elect New OfficersAt a meeting of the Alumni of Atlanta, onWednesday, December 17, held at lunch atthe Winecoff Hotel, the following new clubofficers were elected:Robert P. McLarty, J.D. '20, President;Miss Cleo Hearon, '03, Ph.D. '14, vice-presi-dent; Mercer G. Evans, A.M. '2i, Secretary -Treasurer.A number of Alumni attended this meeting, at which Alumni Secretary A. G. Pierrotwas present as guest and speaker.Knoxville Alumni Form OrganizationAt a meeting of the Alumni of Knoxville,Temi., held on Thursday, December 18, at aluncheon at the Farragut Hotel, the Alumniorpanized an Eastern Tennessee AlumniClub of the University of Chicago. Thefollowing were elected as officers:Daniel C. Webh, '00, President; A. E.Mitchell, J.D. ''10, Secretary-Treasurer.There was also present at this time JasperC. Barnes. Ph.D. '11, Susan A. Green, A.M'07, John Cr. Sims, J.D. '16, Cari E. Stein-metz, cx-la\v, Clarence A. Bales, '09. T.D,'11, Charles E. Dawson, J.D. '20. A. G. AFFAI R SPierrot, Alumni Secretary, was the guest ofhonor and speaker at this meeting.* * *Cleveland Alumni Club ActivitiesThe members of the Cleveland Club arerubbing their eyes and wondering whetherthey are dreaming, or whether it is reallytrue that we have already enjoyed threemeetings this fall with eminent speakers andare looking forward to a winter in whicheach month is booked for at least one notable event.Mrs. Loweth has already reported the Oc-tober meeting at which Dr. E. S. Amesspoke. In his characteristic manner he com-bined the whimsical and the philosophicalin a delightful after-dinner speech. OnNovember 19th we held another dinner-meeting, with Dean Ernest H. Wilkins asour guest. Evidently this was considered anevent of importance in Cleveland educational circles, for Dean W. G. Luetner andDean Helen Smith of Western Reserve University and Assistant Superintendent ofSchools, Charles H. Lake carne to hear whatDean Wilkins had to say about "The Development of the Undergraduate CollegeSystem as planned at Chicago." And theCleveland Plain Dealer sent a reporter tocover the talk.Enthusiasm never ran higher than at thismeeting. Miss Mary McKay of the Cleveland School of Education knows how to playcollege songs, and we made the rafters ringwith "Wave the Flag for Old Chicago;""He's a Grand Old Stagg;" and many others.Walter "Zuke" Kassulker described theOhio State and Illinois games and showedhimself a good prophet by predicting thatChicago would win the Big Ten Champion-ship.Dean Wilkins outlined for us the newdepartures in undergraduate activities: the"better yet" campaign and the many com-mittees on which faculty and students workon a basis of perfect equality. The interestof our members was shown bv the battery ofquestions which greeted thè speaker afterthe dose of his formai address. Some pointswere so new that we found it hard to reconcile them with our pre-conceived ideas ofChicago life, but we finally agreed with DeanWilkins in believing that Chicago is enter-ing into a new and better era of its development.The December luncheon was originally in-tended for the alumnae, but the programplanned was so interesting that we hadn'tthe heart to exclude the men. Since eightmen carne we bave decided to invitethem to ali our meetings this winter. Thefact that we held the luncheon in the HotelCleveland made it convenient for many andour attendance was unusually good.uhiNEWS OF THEQUADRANGLESTHROUGH action of the UndergraduateCouncil steps were taken last month toput the University on an equal footing withother Conference and middle-western insti-tutions in the matter of rushing high schoolathletes. Four members of the Senior classwho have made names for themselves inathletic endeavor were appointed as an Ali-University Rushing Committee, to work inconjunction with class honorary societies toarrange dinners, banquets and other occa-sions as might be found necessary in therushing of high school athletes to this institution. The members of the new committee are Franklin Gowdy, ex-captain of thefootball team; Harrison Barnes, letter manin football and member of last year's basket-ball Interscholastic as well as being a cageletter man himself; Robert Curley, Varsityquarterback; and Bruce MacFarlane, cap-tain of the track team and last year's trackInterscholastic chairman.On Friday evening, December 12, the re-organized Dramatic Association presentedits first production, "The Dover Road," aswift and amusing comedy by A. A. Milne,in Mandel Hall. One of the largest crowdsbefore which the locai dramatists have everperformed witnessed the successful culmina-tion of stringent efforts to lift campus dra-matics above the piane of the ordinary.Dean Ernest Hatch Wilkins, with WalterPayne, University Recorder, assisting him,worked out a new system of eligibility ruleswhich changes appreciably the standards asregards people engaged in the various campus activities, although not altering athleticand other intercollegiate rulings. The rulesin the Course book will not apply to campus activities. On the other band, no studentwill be eligible if his total average at anytime is less than that required for gradua-tion, i. e., a "C."Following arrangements for an extensivetour for the University Glee Club, plansbave been inaugurated which it is hopedwill result in one of the finest and largestglee clubs in the country. With the University officially behind this pian and with thecampus backing it, the members of the present organization expect to see it expand un-til its hoped-for state is reached. Everypossible aid and encouragement is being re-ceived from Dean Wilkins.The Politicai Science Department haspublished a report of every phase of crook-edness which its members witnessed in therecent elections, at which they were watch-ers. The body of the report consists of adiscussion of crooked election officials, thepower of the politicai boss, the inadequacyof the -polling places, and the lack of law,order, and police protection. Election judgeswere often caught marking and initialingballots, many were under the influence ofintoxicants, and ali seemed to disregardelection laws.The officiai sanction of the Board of Student Publications, Exhibitions, and Organi-zations was given the organization of anhonorary society to be known as Kedu-Remthett, to be composed of campus volun-teer workers in the Settlement. The nameof the body was selected by Prof. Allan,secretary of the Haskell Museum, and isderived from the Egyptian language. Prof.E. W. Burgess, head of the department ofSociology is sponsor to the club which hasofficiai faculty backing.Ryerson Physical Laboratory — New Laboratory to Be at Right101Trustee William Scott Bond, '97William Scott Bond, '97, Chairman of the TrusteesCommLttee on Athletic Development, whose report toAlumni on the program for athletic development.mailed out some weeks ago and reprinted in ourDecember number, was received with enthusiasticattention everywhere. "Billy", an old "C" man whois thoroughly familiar with the athletic situation andits University relations, has "cleared the atmosphere''on that problem at Chicago. His announcement onthe program for a Field House and an enlarged Stadium, both of which will be financed out of athleticfunds, was widely appreciated.IT is an interesting sidelight to note thatin twenty-eight years of conference football Chicago ranks first in the number ofgame wins and losses against other Big Tencolleges.This record begins with the year 1897 andcontinues up to the present day. Anotherfact of significance is that Chicago hasplayed a total of 152 Conference games inthe elapsed period, 25 more than its closestrivai, Illinois. The percentage based uponthe number of games won and lost showsChicago to be leading the Conference witha standing of .750. Michigan is dose be-hind with .743 and Ohio State places thirdwith .632. De.spite the excellent standing ofIllinois in recent years, her long-run percentage is but .606.Four Big Ten institutions have lost moregames than they bave won during this time. They are lowa, Purdue, Northwestern, andIndiana, with lowa "heading" the list, show-ing 34 wins and 39 losses.In connection with the above, the DailyMaroon publishes a release from the Athletic Department to the following effect:The dose of the late grid season loweredthe curtain upon the "fourth remarkablefootball season for Chicago." In. 1921 theteam, captained by "Chuck" McGuire, wentthrough a most successful season, defeatingPrinceton at Princeton, and winning ali butone Conference game, including Illinois andWisconsin, but falling before Ohio State,7-0. In 1922, Chicago boasted 1.000 percent, winning from Illinois, but tieing Wisconsin in the final game of the season andlosing thereby their claim to the gonfalon.With bright prospects with which to start,Chicago essayed the 1923 season, and playeda six-game schedule, losing to Illinois 7-0,spoiling for the third successive year herchances for the title. The results of the 1924season are stili fresh in most memories.The feature of the entire series waspointed out as the remarkable defensivework that Chicago exhibited, but at the sametime sight was not lost of the fact that theMaroons were second-highest scorers for thefour-year period, trading 91 points behindIowa's total score. Throughout the time in-cluded Chicago won 16 games and lost buttwo. The rest of the Big Ten followed inthis order: Michigan. lowa, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Ohio State, Indiana, Purdue, and Northwestern.Getting off to a rather inauspicious start,the Maroon basketball team, handicapped byloss of some of its stars and stronger menfor various reasons, has been working ex-tremely hard under the tutelage of Coach"Nels" Norgren, and is beginning to hit itspace.The greatest hindrance to the team so farhas been the loss of "Babe" Alyea, the sen-sational center of last season, who had beencounted upon to forni one of the strongestreasons for expecting a championship team.Alyea made a name for himself during the1923-24 season by his eie ver handling of theball and his excellent floor work as well asa keen ève for the basket.(Please tura to page 12-1)103THE LETTER BOXPresident Burton on Alumni Participation inCollege AffairsCornell University,Ithaca, New YorkDecember 11, 1924.Deé'.r Mr. Pierrot:Last month we held our alumni convention, usually held each fall in some city otherthan Ithaca, at the Hotel Roosevelt in NewVork. As a part of our program we askeda group of the leading college presidentsto make statements regarding the questionof alumni participation in college affairs andthe desirability of bringing the outside view-point to the academic chambers.The response was most gratifying, withparticularly helpful statements from five orsix of the leading educators. There wasnone more valuable than that which President Burton sent from the University ofChicago. His statement is so sound, sosympathetic, so definite a statement of whatwe like to think is the attitude of the educational leaders toward the relation with theold grads that I am sending you the enclosedcopy of President Burton's response.I am only sorry that President Burtonwas away for a few days at the time ofmy telegram which requested his statement.In his absence Mr. Nathaniel Butler wasgood enough to get in touch with me to findout where a letter could be mailed at thelast moment. President Burton's reply ar-rived in ampie time for use at the convention, but it was a day or two too late foruse in advance notices in the New Yorkpapers. We should have liked to quote aparagraph or two from his letter.I hope Chicago enjoys a great year!Sincerely yours,Foster M. Coffin,Alumni RepresentativeNovember 12, 1924.My dear Mr. Coffin:In response to your request for my opinion regarding the question of alumni participation in college affairs, I am writing tosay, 'first of ali, that the subject is, in myopinion, one of first rate interest and signifi-cance from the point of view both of collegeadmìnistration and of its graduates.One of the dangers to which collegeofficials are exposed is that of occupying tooexclusively an academic point of view. Oneof the most wholesome correctives of what-ever disadvantage is here involved is thefrank expression of opinions and suggestionsfrom those of its graduates who are carryingon non-academic activities. After ali, theultimate value of what the colleee is doine is to be tested by what it can contribute tohuman life. It is therefore vital that itshould be in as dose contact as possiblewith men and women in the world.On the other hand, advantage should resultto the alumni as individuai and as organizedgroups if they can have a clear and sympathetic understanding of what their collegeor university is trying to do and is actuallydoing for society. The ideals which thecollege seeks to inculcate in its students andthe investigations and discoveries which arein process and are actually accomplished inthe university laboratories and seminars, arenow recognized as having a dose relation topractical affairs. The college has become arecognized factor in the activities of theoutside world. The services of Chemistryand Physics to commerce and industry areillustrations in point.In the development of the participationof alumni in college affairs, two dangersought to be guarded against: (1) the alumnishould guard against forming their judg-ments upon the activities of the college fromthe point of view which they themselvesoccupied at the time of their own studentlife. It is doubtful whether in any depart-ment of human interests there has takenplace and is taking place more rapid progress than in the administration, organization, and teaching which constitute the lifeof colleges and universities. The point ofview of a student who was graduateci twentyyears ago, or even much more recently, mayvery well be at variance with that fromwhich college life is now viewed.(2) The alumni may very well also guardagainst the assumption that they are inposition to judge in regard to purely ad-ministrative matters even better than thetrusrees, the president, and faculty of theinstitution themselves.Alumni participation in college affairs hastaken and should often take concrete expression in cooperation on behalf of the college.There is probably no group of citizens whocan belter understand or more clearly appreciate the needs of growing educational insti-tutions than the alumni of such institutions.For that reason the intelligent and helpfulcooperation of alumni can well be soughtfrom time to time by the college in striving-to meet its pressing financial and educationalneeds. As educated citizens in general, andas products of the college in particular,alumni can extend appreciative and timelyassistance on behalf of the college.As a matter of fact, participation of alumniin college and university affairs should beand could be of the greatest mutuai advantage. The degree of values will depend in103104 The University of Chicago Mauazinklarge measure on such participation restinguoon a basis of mutuai understanding, goodwill, and confidence. These, in turn, arepromoted by many and frequent contactsbetween the graduates of an institution andthe. institution itself. Locai alumni clubsmeeting frequently and in conference withmembers of the university faculties; bulle-tins and other Communications issued frequently by the university itself to individuaialumni and graduate organizations; classreunions and visits of individuai graduateswhenever practicable; representation of thealumni in boards of control — ali these tendto produce and maintain the mutuai understanding and the spirit in which the largestmeasure of advantage is likely to result.University authorities, on the one hand,should welcome the -frankest expression ofinterest from its graduate; and graduates, onthe other hand, should feel that it is not onlytheir duty, but their privilege to approachthe administration of their Alma Materwithout restraint. Not only do I approveparticipation of alumni in college affairs, butI regard such participation as absolutelyessential to the best interests served by colleges and universities.Cordially yours,Ernest D. Burton.Flaming LoyaltyEnclosed is my check for the delinquent"ten," in payment of the last installmenton my Life Membership subscription. Ourswas one of the 800 homes destroyed by firein Berkeley, last September; hence ne-\vLares and Penates have been establishingthemselves at 1100 Euclid avenue, and weconfess to have overlooked some obligations,such as the payment of this installment.However, Chicago spirit Barnes high!Hilmar Baukhage and Marjorie spend manyan hour at our house, much to our delight.I am really rather sorry that my subscription is now ali paid.Sincerely yours,Mrs. Lucile Jarvis Arne, '10.Berkeley, Calif.* * *Eager to Further Express Loyalty420 EastMonroe St.,Jacksonville, Florida,October 20', 1924.I ani enclosing a check for $10.00, the fiftbpayment on my subscription to the AlumniFund. Would it be possible to change myLife membership to a Sustaining membershipby continuing these annual payments?Chronic shortage of funds prevents my mak-ing larger payments, but I should like to dosomething to show my loyalty to Chicagoand my appreciation for what the Universityhas done for me.Very truly yours,Elizabeth W.- Tragitt, '16, Suggests a Masters' Association420 South Kildare Ave.,Chicago, Illinois,December 27th, 1924.The Alumni Council,University of Chicago,Chicago, Illinois.Dear Sirs:I am enclosing herewith a check for $2.00to cover the membership fee as per the statement enclosed. It is indeed both a pleasureand an honor to become a member of yourbody.I should like to utilize this occasion forraising a question which has probably already intrigued the minds of many. Thequestion is as to whether or not it wereadvisable to found a Masters' Associationfor the two and a half thousand odd mastersso far graduated from the University.My reasons for thinkinp' this advisableare these:1. Many of the masters already belongto college alumni associations of othercolleges in which they had done theirundergraduate work.2. The distinction usually made betweenthe college and the university is basedon graduate or professional work of-fered in addition to the work for thebachelor's degree.3. The requirements for the master's degree, as now existing in the Universityof Chicago, are in many departmentslittle, except in point of time, differentfrom those for the doctor's degree.4. If a heterogeneous group, such as theAssociation of Doctors of Philosophy,Ieads an independent existence in spiteof differences in interest, (absent ofcourse in the professional associations), there is no reason why ,themasters could not become similarlyorganized.I should like to have this statement re-ferred to the committee concerned for consideratici!. Sincerely yours,Maurice H. Krout, A.M. '24.[Editor's Note: The foregoing letter sets forth amatter which has been suggested several times in recent years. The Alumni Office will be very glad to getexpressions of oplnions from our readers who haveMaster's degrees from the University. If a Masters'Association seems generally desired and gives promiseof special service in alumni affairs and on behalf ofthe University, steps can be taken toward the organization of such an Association.]Rush Alumnus Expresses AppreciationDecember 18, 1924.My dear Mr. Pierrot:I wish to commend the manner in whichyou have taken hold of the activities in connection with the Alumni Association of RushMedicai College through the University ofChicago Magazine. The Magazine gives anopportunity to keep in touch with, not onlymedicai but other activities connected withthe University. Very truly,Significant Experiments in HeredityAfter working for five years in an experi-mental garden at Fifty-eighth Street andCottage Grove Avenue, Chicago, in cross-breeding corn and observing the slowgrowth and fruition of the stock he created,Professor John Merle Coulter, Head of theDepartment of Botany, has announced someof the significant results of his work, whichconstitute a contribution to the body of factsupholding the principle of evolution. Inci-dentally they furnish material for a seemingmodificatimi of the laws of heredity estab-lished many years ago by Gregor Mendel,the famous Austrian scientist.What Dr. Coulter has done is to observeand then confirm by three "criticai tests"mutations, or sudden changes in the hered-itary capacity of a higher order of plant.To verify such mutations is tò establish newconfirmation of the doctrine of evolution,since changes of that sort, although oftenchanges for the worse in an organism, aresometimes changes which enable the plantor animai to meet the requirements of lifebetter.Another phase of Professor Coulter's workhas been to watch for indications that ac-quired characteristics.are hereditary; that is,whether, for example, a certain plant diseaseacquired during the lifetime of a plant canbe inherited by its descendants. His studyhas revealed no such indications. He has,in that degree, furnished evidence againstinheritance of acquired characteristics. Thishas a hearing on human heredity, since themachinery of heredity in plants and animals,including human beings, is the same.In his experiments, Dr. Coulter used onlyraces of corn which had been carefully pedi-greed, so that their hereditary capacitieswere already known. He bred red and whitecorn together and produced hybrids. In pre-vious experiments ears of corn were produced on which three quarters of the grainswere red and one quarter white, followingprecisely the Mendelian law, or a ratio ofthree to one. But Dr. Coulter discoveredone race of corn 90 per cent red to 10 white,and stili another that gave 33 per cent ofwhite, a mutation of such a sort as to mod-ifv the time-honored Mendelian ratio.A New Trustee for the UniversityElection of a new Trustee to fili the va-cancy caused by the death of Charles L.Hutchinson, for thirty-four years a memberof the Board of Trustees. was recentlv an nounced at the University. The new member, Mr. John Stuart, president of theQuaker Oats Company, is a graduate ofPrinceton University and served on its boardof trustees as an alumni member from 1918to 1923. -¦The University of Chicago Board of Trustees now K5s twenty-four members, three ofwhom have;served more than thirty years,* * *Christmas Music on the Alice FreemanPalmer ChimesThis program was broadcasted from theUniversity's new radio studio, which is abrandi of WMAQ, the Chicago Daily NewsBroadcasting Station.Christmas Ève, at 9:001. Christmas Hymn (Manger) . . . . Esmond2. Cantique de Noèl Adam, 18453. While Shepherds Watched TheirFlocks (Gabriel) Traditional4. Ali My Heart This Night Rejoices(Bonn) . J. Ebeling, 16665. It Carne upon the Midnight Clear(Carol) Willis, 18496. Awake My Soul. (Christmas) Handel, 17287. Saw Ye Never in the Twilight Mozart, 17808. Here Is Joy for Every Age Cantiones, 15879. St. Martin's Tauser, 173610. Come Thou Long Expected Jesus(Stuttgart) ... .Psalmodia Sacra, 171511. Thou Didst Leave Thy Throne (Veni) Elliott, 187012. Silent Night, Holy Night. . .Gruber, 1818Christmas Morning, at 8:001. Christmas Awake! Salute the HappyMorn! (Yorkshire) . Wainwright, 17552. Joy to the World! The Lord Is Come(Antioch) Handel, 17423. Old Carols—a) A Virgin Most Pure Traditionalb) I Saw Three Ships Traditionale) Good King Wencelas Traditionald) Boar's Head Carol Traditionale) God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen Traditional4. Hark! The Herald Angels Sing Mendelssohn, 18405. Ring Out the Bells for Christmas Hodges, 189.'6. Sing, O Sing, This Blessed Morn(Heathlands) Smart, 185?7. Angels from the Realms of Glory(Regent Square) Smart, 18671051 00 The University of Chicago MagazinePresident Emeritus JudsonThe progress made in the development of the Medicai School and in the recent merger of Rush MedicaiCollege with the University is largely due to theyears of effort by President Emeritus Harry PrattJudson toward this consummation. Dr. Judson is following the progress of the present Development Campaign with keenest interest and is rendering his assistance as occasion offers. He is noting the Alumniphase of the Campaign closely, for, in the first numberof the Alumni Magazine, in 1907. he stated that "therea! strength of a University depends in the long runun its body of Alumni".Nearly Seven Thousand Students in Home-Study DepartmentThere are 6,912 students at work in theHome-Study Department of the University,according to the latest report by SecretaryHervey F. Mallory. Every state and terri-tory in the United States is represented andthere are 150 students from foreign coun-tries.Since Januarv, 1!K24, when courses inmeat-packing were started, 150 men havebeen enrolled for courses in that subject.Of 9,429 courses taken in the Department,2,424 were in English, 1,940 in education,750 in history, 711 in mathematics, and 029in modem languages,In the past ten years there has been asteadily increasing demand for instructionin history, art, sociology, mathematics,zoòlogy, and education. The interest in modem languages reached its high point in 1920-21, while that in German is slowly comingup from its low ebb in 1918-19. Important Appointemnts in Department ofHistoryOfficiai announcement is made at the University of the appointment to a professor-ship in the Department of History of Dr.Bernadotte E. Schmitt, of Western ReserveUniversity. Professor Schmitt, who is agraduate of the University of Tennessee andof Merton College, Oxford, received hisDoctor's degree at the University of Wisconsin, where he was successively instructor,assistant professor, and associate professorof history. He has had a wide experience asa lecturer on history at the summer sessionsof New York University, Wisconsin, Cornell,Columbia, and Stanford. He is the authorof a work on England and Germany, 1740-1914. In 1918 he served as second lieutenantof field artillery in the United States Army.Announcement is also made of the appointment of Godfrey Davies to be AssistantProfessor in the Department of History.Mr. Davies was a history scholar at Pem-broke College, Oxford, and obtained honorsin modem history in 1914. For ten yearshe has been engaged in historical work, andhas taught English politicai and constitu-tional history as well as European history.He has been a freauent contributor to theEnglish Historical Rcvicw and the ScottishHistorical Rcvicw, and is now editing a bibli-ography of English history from 1603 to1714 for the Royal Historical Society.* * *Honorary Degree for Dean Marion TalbotIn conferring on Professor Marion Talbot,for over thirty years Dean of Women atthe University, the honorary degree of Doc-tor of Laws, President Lemuel H. Murlin,president of Boston University, character-ized her as follows: "Daughter of pioneersin educational progress; graduate and post-graduate of Boston University; distinguishedas a student, teacher, administrator; by example and precept a persuasive and effectiveinfluence in broadening and enriching educational ooportunities for the young womenof America." The same honorary degreewas conferred on Mrs. Calvin Coolidge atthe same time.In an address 011 the occasion Dean Talbot saie! that "if the sense of responsibilityseems to be lacking in the younger generation, it is in my opinion the fault of theirelders, who have not only not trained themto assume and to carry responsibility, buthave taken special nains to remove fromtheir path everv d'fnculty which would refluire initiative, pluck, courage, and per-sistence to overcome."We should turn over leadershiD to them.tdling them that we do it on the assnmo-tion that not onlv do thev know whitherthev are leadin"-. but believe it to be in thericht direction."Twenty years ago, in 1904, Cornell College.lowa, conferred the same degree of LL.D.upon Miss Talbot; at that time she was Associate Professor of Sanitary Science in theUniversity; now she is Professor of Household AdnUniversity Notes 107Chicago Astronomers Describe the CorningEclipseAccording to Director Edwin B. Frostand Professor George Van Biesbroeck, ofthe Yerkes Observatory, the partial solareclipse on the morning of Saturday, January24, will be an important and unusual event.No total solar eclipse has occurred in Chicago since June 16, 1806, and no partial eclipsehas so nearly obscured the sun since 1869.If the sky should be clear the sun will riseout of Lake Michigan at 7:11 o'clock, centraistandard time, with about one-fifth of itsface already obscured by the interveningmoon. The greatest obscuration will occurat 7:58, when nineteen-twentieths of thesun's diameter will be covered by the moon.At eight minutes after 9 the moon will havemoved eastward entirely past the sun andthe partial eclipse will be over. In the eventthat the sky is cloudy, the darkness of thenight will return, the astronomers say, andfull illumination of the streets and buildingsof Chicago will be necessary until well aftereight o'clock.Not over half a dozen times since thebeginning of the Christian era has a totalsolar eclipse been visible in the Chicago dis-trict, and most of these occurred long beforecivilization had touched the shores of LakeMichigan, There will be no total solareclipse in Chicago in the next two centuries,according to Director Frost.A considerable program of observations isplanned for the Yerkes Observatory. It isalso expected that measures of the bright-ness of the corona will be made at CornellUniversity by Professor J. A. Parkhurst, ofthe Yerkes staff, and that Dr. Oliver J. Leewill make photographic observations withsmall telescopes at some point in upperMichigan.* * *December Meetings at the UniversityOn December 29, 30, and 31 joint annualmeetings of the Archaeological Institute ofAmerica, the American Philological Association, and the College Art Association wereheld at the University of Chicago. Themembers of the Archaeological Institute areorganized into locai societies, the Chicagosociety numbering over 120 members andincluding not only the classical scholars ofChicago, Evanston, and vicinity, but alsomany of the most prominent business menin the city.At a dinner given by the Chicago societyat the Sherman Hotel, the principal speakerof the evening was Dr. David M. Robinson,a Ph.D. of the University of Chicago, butnow professor of classical archaeology atJohns Hopkins University. Recently Dr.Robinson has had charge of excavations atPisidian Antioch, where remarkable discov-eries in Roman sculpture and architecturehave been made. On December 30, in theClassics Building at the University, therewas a round-table discussion of medievalLatin, a new feature in the work of thePhilological Association. At the dinner given by the University inHutchinson Commons to the delegates ofali three organizations, Dean Gordon J.Laing, of the Graduate School of Arts andLiterature, presided, and the speakers in-cluded President Burton, Ralph Van DemanMagofKn, of New York University, presidentof the Institute, and Samuel Eliot Bassett,president of the Philological Association.* * *American Sociological Society MeetingAt the nineteenth annual meeting of theAmerican Sociological Society, held at theAuditorium Hotel, Chicago, from December29 to 31, the general subject of discussionwas "Thè Trend of Our Civilization," andamong the representatives of the Universityof Chicago were Ellsworth Faris, who wasin charge of the division on social psychol-ogy and presented a paper on "The Subjec-tive Aspect of Culture"; Robert E. Park,who discussed "Cultural Trends and Tech-nique" and "The Background of News";and Franklin Bobbitt, who considered thecontribution sociology is expected tp maketo education.In honor of Albion W. Small, of the University of Chicago, and Franklin H. Gid-dings, of Columbia University, the annualdinner of the Society was held December30, when President George E. Vincent, ofthe Rockefeller Foundation, who took hisDoctor's degree under Dean Small, spoke ofthe latter's services to sociology and theSociety.Dean Small is a former president of theAmerican Sociological Society, ProfessorRobert E. Park is the first vice-president,and Associate Professor Ernest W. Burgess,the secretary-treasurer.* * *University Preachers for Winter QuarterThe first University Preacher for the Winter Quarter at the University will be BishopThomas Nicholson, of New York City, thedate being January 4. On January 11, Rev.D. J. Evans, of the First Baptist Church,Kansas City, Missouri, will preach; on January 18, Rev, Cornelius Woelfkin, of thePark Avenue Baptist Church, New YorkCity; and on January 25, Professor HarryEmerson Fosdick, of Union TheologicalSeminary, New York City.Bishop Thomas F. Gailor, of Tennessee.who is president of the National Council ofthe Protestant Episcopal Church, and Robert E. Speer, secretary of the PresbyterianBoard of Foreign Missions, New York City,will preach in February ; and in March Professor Theodore G. Soares, of the Universityof Chicago Divinity School, and ProfessorHugh Black, of Union Theological Seminary, New York City, will be the preachers,the latter being the Convocation Preacheron March 15.108 The University of Chicago MagazineApparatus for Separation of an ElementThe apparatus pictured here is used by Professor William D. Harkins, Chemistry Department, for the separation of the element chlorine into different kinds ofatoms, known as atomic species or isotopes. Notes on these far-reaching experimentshave appeared in this section of the Magazine. The picture gives some idea of thecostly nature of the equipment needed for many sdentine experiments anddiscoveries.Dividing the Indivisible"How can you secure microscopcs suffi-ciently powerful to see inside the atoms?"was recently asked of Professor William D.Harkins, of the Department of Chemistry atthe University. Atoms are so minute thatthe best microscopes, and even the most effi-cient ultramicroscopes, are altogether inca-pable of revealing their existence, since ittakes one hundred million atoms to give a-.ingle line an inch long.Strangely enough the nucleus containspractically ali of the mass or the materialof the atom, and this material exists in sucha high concentration that the material of aliof the battleships in the world, ProfessorHarkins asserts, could be put into a smallthimble, provided the outer electrons of aliof the atoms could be swept off, and thenuclei packed tightly together. To determinethe structure of these minute bodies, atomnuclei, investigations for the last decade havebeen carried on at the Kent Chemical Laboratory.Instead of microscopes, the apparatus con-sisted of stems of smoking pipes, glass tubes,beakers, flasks, filter paper, etc. In general,electrical instruments have proved the mostuseful, and the microscope plays its part inrevealing the flashes of light produced upona phosphorescent screen by the high-speedatomic projectiles ejected by the explosivcdisintegration of an atom. Two Brothers Now Professors of Physicsat the UniversityBy the recent election of Dr. Karl TaylorCompton, of Princeton University, to beProfessor of Physics, the University of Chicago now has two brothers in one depart-ment, both distinguished for their work inphysical research, Dr. Arthur H. Comptonhaving been appointed to a similar positiona year ago.Prof. Karl T. Compton, whose appoint-ment is just announced. was an aeronautica!engineer for the Signal Corps, United StatesArmy, in 1917 and associate scientific attaché of the American Embassy in Paris in191S. He is a member of the council o'.the American Physical Society, fellow o'.the American Association for the Advance-ment of Science, and associate editor of theJournal of the American Optical Society.During bis work at Princeton he was par-ticularly successful in promoting an interestin research.Prof. Arthur H. Compton, his brother,who was called to Chicago from the headship of the department of physics in Washington University, St. Louis, is chairmanof the National Research Council Commis-sion on X-rays and Radioactivity, and isregarded as one of the most productive menin scientific research in the country.? University Notes 109The Rawson Clinical LaboratoryThe University of Chicago is proceedingwith the erection for Rush Medicai Collegeand the Rush Postgraduate School of Medicine, which have now become an integraipart of the University, the Rawson ClinicalLaboratory at a cost of $500,000 on the siteof the present Rush Medicai College building.The new building, originally made possible by the generous gift of $300,000 byMr. Frederick H. Rawson, president of theUnion Trust Company, Chicago, will be 90by 100 feet and live stories in height, soconstructed that additional stories mayeventually be added for the increasing needsof the Rush Postgraduate School. Connec-tions will be made with Senn Hall on alifloors, and with the Presbyterian Hospital._ The building will house the administra-tion offices of the College and the large medicai library and special faculty rooms onthe first floor. The second, third and fourthfloors will be devoted to various departmentsof the Central Free Dispensary, classrooms,and laboratories; and on the fifth floor willbe the Department of F'athology, which willbe called the Norman Bridge Laboratoriesof Pathology. Dr. and Mrs. Norman Bridge,of Los Angeles, contributed $100,000 to en-able the University to build the fifth storyof the building.The West Side Medicai plant of the University of Chicago will now include the Rawson Clinical Laboratory, Senn Hall, a five-story laboratory building for research work-ers, and the affiliated institutions — the Presbyterian Hospital, the John McCormick Me-morial Institute for Infectious Diseases, theHome for Destitute Crippled Children, andalso teaching facilities at Cook County Hospital.* * *Transplanted Eyes See LightWorking in the physiological laboratoriesof the University under the direction of Professor Anton J. Carlson, Chairman of theDepartment of Physiology, Dr. TheodoreKoppanyi, of Budapest, has accomplishedcertain remarkable results in the transplan-tation of the eyes of rats.In some of the cases under experimentnew nervous tissue grew from the cut endof the optic nerve in the eye socket, pene-trated the eyeball, and established good anatomica! connections. When these rats weretested the transplanted eyes reacted in anormal manner to light. The eyes wouldmove, and the pupils contract, when lightwas thrown upon them.Blind rats do not react to light at ali, andwhen placed in a box with a partitionmaking one side dark, were unable to discriminate between the light and dark cham-bers. Normal rats remained less than aquarter of a minute in the light beforepassing through to the dark compartment.Three rats with transplanted eyes behavedin this test like normal rats.Rats were also tested by placing them ona platform at an elevation of about a footabove the laboratory table. Blind rats do not jump but sometimes crawl down fromthe ' platform, clinging to the iron rod onwhich the platform rests. Normal rats andthe three spotted rats with transplanted eyesjumped down from the platform. When theplatform was raised to a greater height therats with transplanted eyes showed somehesitation about jumping, as though theycould see the height and appreciate the risk.* * *An Old Story RetoldA very old story was recently republishedin one of the Chicago papers to the'effect thatwhen President William Rainey Harper, of theUniversity of Chicago, was once referred to inhis presence as asking people for money forthe University, he replied that he never askedpeople for money. He only set before themthe opportunity."I am not sure that we shall not ask peoplefor money," said President Ernest DeWitt Burton in comment, "but I am sure that we shallset before them the opportunity. And we hopethat they will respond and that very soon weshall be able to begin that process of better-ment that we hope will make the University ofChicago not necessarily bigger, but certainlybetter, not only than it is now but than anyuniversity in the country now is — indeed thebest that human skill and intelligence andmoney can make it."Remarkable Contrasts in History of theUniversityRemarkable contrasts in the history of theUniversity of Chicago were brought out byPresident Ernest DeWitt Burton in a recentaddress commemorating the first Chapel as-sembly thirty-two years ago.In 1892 there were 92 in the faculty ; in1924, 603. October 1, 1892, there were 510students, and during that academic year, 744 :while in 1923-24 there were 13,359.The total number of buildings in October,1892, was four, and in the present year, 44.The total property of the University, June 30,1893, was $3,177.566, while June 30, 1924, thetotal was $54.700,504. The exoenditures in1894-95 were $543,989; in 1923-24 they were$3,629,062.Divinity School Also a School of ResearchPresident Burton in his recent address atthe corner stone laying for the new The-ology Building said that the University'sDivinity School is not only a professionalschool but a school of research in the realmof religion, thus testifying to the convictionthat scholars are not at the end of theirdiscoveries in this sphere."The last generation has seen great progress in the recognition and acceptance ofthe thought that theology has the sameright and duty to make progress by researchas astronomy or geology. Relatively to ourknowledge of them, the stars and the earth•ind religious experience are ali fixed. Abso-lutely they are not fixed. but are constantlychanging and our knowledge of them is in-creased not only bv a study of their past,which is unchangeable, but of those changeswhich go on under our eyes."COMMERCE AND ADMÌNISTRATIONSupervised Instruction for Commerceand Admìnistration StudentsDefìcient in EnglishBy George H. Daugherty, Jr.The present article is a supplement to thediscussion, printed in the November issile,of English instruction for Commerce andAdmìnistration students, for some reasons,unknown to the present writer. English com-position is the most difficult subject for thegreat majority of entering freshmen. Asstated in the November article a large per-tentage of students in the lowest of thegraded Commerce and Administration English I classes leave the University after theautunni quarter. Nevertheless there aresome who stay for the rest of the year; anda few of these remain long enough to graduate. It is in the interests of these Group Cstudents who remain more than one quarter,that the work of English supervision is car-ried on.Ali Commerce and Administration students:tre expected to maintain a fairly high aver-age in ali written work throughout theirUniversity course. In order to insure thisaverage the minimum standard of satisfac-tory work in freshman composition has beenset at B —. This is not, however, the averagerequired for passing the course. The minimum grade above absolute failure is D.There is, therefore, a group of students whohave passed Commerce and AdministrationEnglish I with grades ranging from C to D,whose average is required to be raised. Thisis done by means of special assignmentsduring their second, and, in some cases, thirdnuarters of residence. Students who failEnglish I (i. e., receive a grade of F) arerequired to repeat the course, and thus donot come in for "supervised" instruction.Another class of Commerce students required to take this addition English instruction are those reported at any time by anyinstructor for unsatisfactory composition.Thus, the student is required to keep upthe standard of ali his written work untilhe graduates.The course of supervised assignments isunder the charge of one instructor to whomthe students usually report once a weekwith a theme to be criticized. The confer-ences average fifteen minutes each, althoughthey vary, occasionali)', from ten minutes tohalf an hour. This work is required in addition to the regular courses of study. Nocredit is given; but the student continuesuntil bis tbemes are satisfactory enough towarrant his release by the English super-visor. Whenever a student is released ali hisinstructors are notified of the fact. Theyare also furnished with blank forms onwhich to report any important deficicncy which may be evident in the student's latercomposition.In practically ali cases students requiredto report for supervision are defìcient in tworespeets; ability to organize a paper coher-ently, and ability to write correct, grammatica! sentences. It is believed that mostor ali Commerce and Administration students are required in their college courses todo one principal kind of writing — to produceclear, coherent, and accurate statements offact concerning the material of the courses,as in quizzes or examinations, or of fact withopinions directly deducible therefrom, as interm papers or shorter reports. Therefore,the assignments are directed to overcomethese two chief difficulties, and to afford thestudent further training in the kind of writing likely to be most serviceable to him. Innearly every case the student first writes oneor more survey papers, or condensed ver-sions containing from five hundred to eighthundred words, of a fairly lengthy but uni-fied passage (ten to thirty pages) in someCommerce and Administration text which heis being required to read for one of hiscourses. This type of assignment avoids thenecessity of outside reading and combinespractice in writing with required study. Ifthe student has difficulty in organizing evena condensed version of the text, his nextassignments are several outlines, both of thephrase-topic, and sentence-topic variety. Bymeans of these he is usually able to graspthe fundamentals of paragraph structure,and to see the relation of the paragraph tothe rest of the composition. These papersare always criticized first for general structure, and next for sentence errors. Mistakesin grammar, punctuation, etc, are referredto The Century Handbook or whatevergrammatical text the student possesses. Ina few cases, special exercises in writing sentences are required in addition to the themes.This practice in outlining and writing survey papers is continued until the student isable to produce an accurate and well organ-ized summary of a unified section of text.Each of these papers written from a sourceis required to be documented accurately;and general criticism on documentation isincluded with other comments on assignments. On the average, about four to sixsurvey assignments are sufneient. There-after the student is asked to choose a subject from his own practical experience, aboutwhich he can write one exposition, or, ifpossible, a series of clear and logicai papersof from six hundred to eight hundred words,organized after the fashion he has been prac-ticing. Thus, a student from the Oklahomawheat bclt wrote a series of themes on theorganization of an Oklahoma farm, onetheme being devoted to each major depart-1 IOHEL- LAW SCHOOL JReports at Bar Association MeetingsAMONG the reports of committees madeat the proceedings of the AmericanBar Association at Philadelphia last Julyare two in which the Law School figures.One is signed by Professor Frederic C.Woodward, and one by William P. Mac-Cracken, Jr., '09, J.D. '12.Professor Woodward's name appears as amember of the Section of Legai Educationand Admissions to the Bar. A portion ofthe report follows:"The main work of the Section of LegaiEducation and Admissions to the Bar sincethe last meeting of the American Bar Association has been on the classification of thelaw schools of the country."The tentative list of approved schoolsand of schools which had announced theirintention of shortly complying with thestandards was published in the Novembernumber of the American Bar AssociationJournal. Schools now complying wereplaced in class 'A' and schools expected tocomply were placed in class 'B.' The originai 'A' list contained 39 schools, and the 'B'list nine schools, of which two expected tocomply with. the school year beginning in1924, five with the year beginning 1925 andtwo with the school year beginning in 1926.Since the originai list was published addi-tions have been made from time to time."The Council considers this an opportunetime to cali attention to the substantial advance in law school standards, since theadoption by the Bar Association of its reso-lutions in 1921. We believe that since thattime there are at least 27 schools which wehave placed in class 'A' or 'B' which couldnot have been so classified in 1921. Thereare also a number of other schools whichwill go into these lists in the near future."We believe that the standards recom-mended by the Bar Association for legaieducation are coming to be very generallyrecognized as the proper goal which legaieducation in America must attain in the nearfuture."We understand that there are at least11 state bar associations which have eitherendorsed the Association standards withoutmodification, or with only slight changes dueto some locai conditions. In Illinois, theSupreme Court has put into operation standards which closely approximate those whichthe Association has recommended."* * *William P. MacCracken, Jr., is Chairmanof a Special Committee on the Law ofAeronautics. Its report is devoted mainly tothe story of its efforts to secure the passageby Congress of the Winslow Bill. The bill„Ur T\icc«r1 hv ttip Spnatp hnt action bv the Professor Frederic Campbell WoodwardHouse has been delayed until public hear-ings can be had.The bill provides for the creatimi of aBureau of Civil Aeronautics in the Department of Commerce in charge of a Commis-sioner. The Bureau shall have the administration of Domestic and International AirNavigation, and of applying the Air Navi-gation Law of the United States. One titledeals with the application of Existing Lawto Air Navigation. The act is lengthy andcomprehensive.* * *Weightstill Woods, J.D. '13, who has beenconnected for about ten years with McCul-loch, McCulloch & Dunbar, has begunpractice for himself at Suite 715, 112 WestAdams Street, Chicago.Frederick J. Schnack, J.D. '10, who ispracticing at Honolulu, Hawaii, writes:"I have been 'plugging along' in myprofession since my graduation from theUniversity of Chicago in 1910, and havebeen working steadily onward to asound position in the profession. Pos-sibly some years in the future there maybe something of greater interest torecord."IliRUSH MEDICAL COLLEGELaying Rawson .Laboratory CornerstoneThe picture shows the ceremonies at the laying of the cornerstone of the RawsonClinical Laboratory on November 17. Left to right are: Registrar James H. Harper,Dean Ernest E. Irons, Trustee Martin A. Ryerson, Professor E. R. LeCount, PresidentBurton, Mr. Frederick H. Rawson, the donor, laying the stone, and Dr. J. Spencer Dick-erson, Secretary of the Board of Trustees.Laying of Rawson LaboratoryCornerstoneON Monday, November 17, with the layingof the corner stone of the new RawsonClinical Laboratory of the Rush Post graduate school a step further in the march ofRush toward supremacy in the medicaiworld was made. The new building, atWood and Harrison Streets, stands on thesite of the "Old Rush," the corner stone ofwhich had been raised but a few montbsprevious, after having rested since 1875.Unlike the well attended ceremony on thesummer day when the old Rush Medicaibuilding was officially raised, the officiaibirth of the new building brought forth buta small crowd. From the south side carnePresident Ernest DeWitt Burton, Martin A.Ryerson and J. S. Dickerson, secretary ofthe Board of Trustees, bringing with themthe sealed metal box to be laid inside thecorner stone and guard safely records ofthe University of Chicago and Rush MedicaiCollege; some records modem, others ofthe time of Drs. Joseph Freer, Moses Gunnand Joseph P. Ross, which had reposed inthe former corner stone, ali to remain there till a mightier Rush again calls for amightier monument.Mr. Frederick H. Rawson, whose gift of$300,CflO made possible the building, weath-ered the first snow storni of winter to attend.Graduates of Rush were present and members of the faculty, including James Harperand Drs. Irons, Parker and Le Count, alsoMr. Fox, the architect. Some truant studentswho should have been at their classes consti-tuted the remainder of the gathering.No formai ceremony was held. Mr. Dickerson presented a short address outlining thepurpose of the gathering and detailed thecontents of the new corner stone. Following this Mr. Rawson applied the maulas the new "A. D. 1924" was slowly low-ered into place. This concluded the event.The new building is scheduled to be fin-ished in July, 1925. When completed it willbe five stories in height, with a foundationprepared for two future floors. The building will be connected with Senn Hall on alifloors and the Presbyterian Hospital. Onthe first floor will be the administrationoffices, the library and special faculty rooms.In the basement will be the departments ofOccupational Therapy, Hydrotherapy, locker112Rush Medicai. College 113rooms and restrooms. The second, thirdand fourth floors will be used by various de-partments of the Central Free Dispensary,classrooms and laboratories. The fifth floorwill be the department of pathology to becalled the Norman Bridge Laboratories ofPathology.Among the contents in the box placed be-neath the cornerstone, as read by Mr. Dick-erson, were:Copies of University Annual Register for1922-23; University Alumni Directory for1919; Presidente Report for 1921-22, 1922-23; History of the University of Chicago,by Dr. Thomas Wakefield Goodspeed; 1924"Cap and Gown"; the Daily Maroon; theUniversity Record for Aprii, 1923 to October,1924; University of Chicago Guide Book;May, 1923, Rush Medicai College Circular ofInformation; the University of Chicago,(A.lumni) Magazine; ten University period-icals; Pamphlets of the University Com-mittee on Development; Portfolio of photo-graphs of University buildings; portraits ofMr. and Mrs. Frederick H. Rawson; photo-graphs of Rush Medicai College buildingand interior views, one showing the lateDr. B. W. Sippy in the ampitheatre; copyof memorial of Stephen W. Rawson; por-trait of President Ernest DeWitt Burton;portrait of Professor Walter S. Haines;copies of periodicals of American MedicaiAssociation; replica of medal struck in honorof Dr. Frank Billings.Election to Honorary FraternityAt the Annual Meeting for the election ofnew members, held during the past quarter,Pi Kappa Epsilon, the honorary fraternityof the Junior Class at Rush elected thefoilowing to membership:From Nu Sigma Nu, R. C. Carrell, G. B.Stericker, E. I'. Jordan; Phi Rho Sigma,J. I. Farrell, R. C. Heatherington, H. C.Kleuver; Alpha Kappa Kappa, A. Diggs, J.Evans, A. B. Johnson; Phi Beta Pi, J. S.Reifschneider, C. S. Woods, C. L. Lyons;Phi Chi, D. L. Stormont, G. E. Miller, J. B.Manninga.* * *Raise Funds for Y. M. C. A. BuildingAt the dose of the drive for subscriptionto the building fund of a Y. M. C. A. to beused by the colony of Medicai Schools onthe West Side carried on during the pastquarter, Rush sutdents, Alumni and Facultyhad subscribed a total exceeding $27,000. Ofthis fund $20,000 was received from thefaculty and alumni. The Freshman Classgave $1,249, the Sophomore Class $1,497, theJuniors $2,C05 and the Seniors $2,465. Twoteams supervised the drive in Rush, CharlesEvans leading the Junior team and GeorgeCallahan the Senior.The building is to be located at the northwest corner of Wood and Congress Streets.An initial gift of $50,000 was offered by Dr.Truman W. Bronhv to cover the cost of additional could be raised immediately; thetotal building fund to reach $750,000. Thenecessary amount has been guaranteedamong the following medicai institutions:University of Illinois, Rush Medicai College,Chicago College of Dentai Surgery and theLoyola Medicai College.The proposed building is to contain several hundred dormitory rooms, a goodrestaurant with private dining rooms forfraternity groups, facilities for entertainment, athletics and recreation, and numerousclub rooms to enable the Association to become the center for meetings of Collegeclubs and committees, faculties, internes andstudents.* * *Class Officers ElectedThe annual politicai struggle in the medicai school has again been solved withoutbloodshed in both the Junior and Seniorclasses. After charges and counterchargesof the rivai politicai leaders the results wereaccepted and the classes again settled downto a year of politicai stenosis. The officerselected in the Junior class were:President — J. E. McCarthy.Vice-President — Tom Rogers.Secretary — Jeanette Hork.Treasurer — "Fritz" Lieberthal.Elected to the Student Council — HelenHayden, Pat. Delaney, Frederick M. Nich-olson.The Senior Class Officers are:President — Mark Tenney.First Vice-President — August Henry Mad-sen.Second Vice-President — Douglas BoltonBell.Recording Secretar y — Ellen Fook L.Leong.Corresponding Secretary — Katherine Howe.Treasurer — John Sherman Ashby.Prophet — Dwight Tedcastle Vandel.Chaplain — Mark Lucas Loring.Poet — George Brandle Callahan.Class Editor — Anthony Edward Reymont.First Sergeant — Archie Chester Sudan.Second Sergeant — Myron Wilbur Larsen.Marshal — J. Newton Wakeman.Elected to the student council — SamuelMorton Creswell, Benona Jones Proctor, M.Herbert Barker.* # *Alpha Omega Alpha Election\t the annual Initiation and Dinner of theRush Chapter of Alpha Omega Alpha, heldMonday, Dee. 1, at the Quadrangle Club,57th- and University, ten new members wereinitiated. The following were initiated byreason of high scholarship and other qualifi-cations to the Rush chapter, called Beta otthe Illinois chapter of Alpha Omega Alpha:Irene Tufts Mead, Norman Laskin, GeorgeBrandall Callahan, Charles Dietsch, MarkTenney, Helen Rislow, Dwight TedcastleVandel, Ramin Tenefrancia Altura, FrankRudolph Guido, Louis Bernard Kartoon,SCHOOL OF EDUCATIONThe University of Chicago DinnerWEDNESDAY evening, February 25, isthe time set aside for the university andcollege dinners in connection with the meeting of the Department of Superintendenceof the National Education Association atCincinnati. Ali alumni, students, and friendsof the University of Chicago who are inCincinnati on that date will be welcomed tothe University of Chicago Dinner at the Sin-ton Hotel. Dr. Frank N. Freeman will betoastmaster. Three of the speakers will haveas their centrai theme "Recent Progress ofScientific Work in Education," and will dis-cuss it as follows: "In the Country atLarge" — President Lotus D. Coffman, University of Minnesota; "In Teacher TrainingInstitutions" — Dean L. A. Pechstein, Schoolof Education, University of Cincinnati; "Atthe School of Education" — Dr. Charles H.Judd. Dean William S. Gray will speak on"The Greater University of Chicago." Hewill show the new motion-picture series ofthe University which includes such featuresas the chapel, the medicai unit, the enlargedstadium, and other important items. Members of the University of Chicago Club ofCincinnati will furnish special music. Youare urged to secure your tickets in advanceso as not to be disappointed at the lastmoment, as many are each year, when notickets are available. Send orders up to February 15 to William S. Gray, School ofEducation, University of Chicago. Price,$3.00 per piate.* * *A New ScholarshipThe Chicago ¦ Council of New EnglandWomen has offered a tuition scholarship inthe University of Chicago for a home eco-nomics student of New England ancestry.* * *Pi Lambda Theta FundThe locai chapter of Pi Lambda Thetaannounces a gift of $150 to be added to theresearch fund in education which was pre-sented to the School of Education in May,1924.* * *Susan Colver Rosenberger EducationalPrizeThe Susan Colver Rosenberger EducationalPrize, for the year 1924-25, will be awardedin the Department of Education. The sumof $125 will be awarded "for a thesis thatshall meet the requirements of the University and give the results of valuable originairesearch on some important phase of soundelementary, home, kindergarten, primary, orgrammar school education, its principles,needs, methods, or discipline, or pertainingto child welfare, or else when thought best,to be awarded for the best practical essay or thesis produced in competition and treat-ing in some originai way of one or the otherof said subjects." The prize was establishedby Jesse L. Rosenberger as a memorial tohis wife, a graduate of the old University ofChicago, who was for nearly thirty yearsin the service of the public Schools of Chicago as teacher and principal.Federated Council of Art EducationA new organization of interest to art students and teachers is the Federated Councilof Art Education which met for the firsttime on December 29 and 30 at the Art Institute of Chicago. The Council is made upof representatives from the Western ArtsAssociation, the Eastern Arts Association,the National Federation of Arts, the American Institute of Architects, and the CollegeArt Association. Mr. Sargent is the repre-sentative of the National Federation of Artsand Mr. Whitford of the Western Arts Association. The primary purpose of the Council is to consider problems of art educationand to promote investigatimi and study inthis field. It will act somewhat as a clearinghouse for the problems attempted by different arts agencies. Some of the topics atpresent under consideration are the trainingof the art teacher, the objectives in art education for various types of educational institutions, and the question of a degree forthe art school student.* * *Faculty PersonalsMr. Breed is working with Dean Wilkinsin perfecting an analysis of activities andqualities required of instructors in large elementary college courses. It is hoped thatthis analysis will ultimately be used by instructors as a voluntary scale for the purpose of self-measurement. This is a contin-uation of the work of one of the Better YetCommittees of last year of which Mr. Breedwas chairman.During the last of January and the firstof February, Mr. Lyman will address thealumni clubs of several southern cities, dis-playing the motion pictures of the University prepared by the Committee on Develop--ment. The itinerary will include Atlanta,Birmingham, Evansville, Knoxville, Nashville, and New Orleans. On February 11and 12 Mr. Lyman will speak at the StateTeachers Association Meeting in OklahomaCity.Mr. Whitford will give two talks, one on"Duty and Happiness in Life," and the otheron "The Trend of Art Education in American Public Schools," at the State Teachers'Association meeting in Oklahoma City onFebruary 114S Et'M5E5ESEE5EK5 BOOK REVIEWSGermany in TransitionBy Herbert KrausThe Stabilization of EuropeBy Charles De Visscher(The University of Chicago Press)When the cursory newspaper accounts otworld events leave the American readerrather badly in need of an interpretation thatwill knit up the loose ends, he is impelledto ask what foreign scholarship has to sayabout current problems. We direct him foran answer to the three volumes on theHarris Foundation by three eminent scholars from European countries. Attention wascalled to Sir Valentine Chirol's The Occidentand the Orient in this column in December.What Chirol did in making a connected storyof the tangled relationships of East andWest, has been done for the mazes of Ger-man public opinion by Herbert Kraus inGermany in Transition, and for the intrica-cies of reconstruction problems and theLeague of Nations by Charles De Visscherin The Stabilization of Europe.Dr. Kraus's book will make Americanssee through German eyes certain questionswhich they have already looked at throughtheir own. His is a truly tonic accomplish-ment. How long has that complacent mythof absolute German guilt for the war beenabroad in the land? Dr. Kraus says thatthe German people show no inclination toshoulder guilt for a war "which was a neces-sary explosion of the ever-increasing im-perialism which has dominated our era."German opinion of the Versailles Treaty, hesums up in the four words "unbearable, un-fulfillable, law-infringing, insincere." "Theauthors of the Treaty of Versailles," he goeson to say, "have considerably exceeded thescholastic scholars in so far as they haveconnected the idea of justum et injustumbellum with the question of war indemnityand further by applying their theory retro-actively to facts which lay in the past." Thisapplication of a new idea to events whichoccurred before the new conceptions wereestablished he argues with much plausibilityto be a fundamental breach of legai principle.Which does not, however, diminish the prac-tical pinch of the Versailles Treaty.With the general tone of the Dawes Report, Dr. Kraus finds himself in agreement,althoug.h he has much criticism for it indetail. He is sure that it overestimatesgreatly the utmost capacity of Germany. . .Throughout he paints Germany's conditionin dark colors; some of his descriptions ofpoverty and wretchedness are appalling.Yet he does not reach the blackness of de-spair, nor would he have us think of his country as being crushed, physically orspirìtually.The politicai situatimi in Germany ismarked by dissentimi and lack of leadership.Dr. Kraus's treatment of politicai parties,the Separatistic and Communistic tendencies,leaves us with a picture of a Germany stilisuffering from the effects of war and revolution, and awaiting the appearance of a genuine leader.But then, does not Europe as a wholeshow the same debilitating effect of war andrevolution? The great problems of Europetoday are problems of rehabilitation; Europeremains profoundly troubled and upset,while the League of Nations struggles withincreasing success to meet the situation.Three of the problems most vital to reconstruction — those of nationalism. internationalCommunications, and security — and the workof the League in solving them are the subjectof Mr. De Visscher's The Stabilization ofEurope.In nationalism, Mr. De Visscher sees thegreatest factor that makes for neace or warComplicated with the problem of nationali-ties, is the very delicate question of thetreatment of national minorities. Handlingthe difficulties of minorities has been animportant part of the League's work. Thisdiscussion goes in some detail into the general characteristics of the new legai regimeinstitufed under the League by minoritytreaties.Where nationalism involves various racialand cultural antagonisms, the problem ofinternational Communications represents aneconomie antagonism, which heightens themenace of new wars, and offers problems forthe League's solution. . . . The problem ofsecurity, in De Visscher's opinion, resolvesitself in the question, "How can the nationsof Europe find within the provisions of theLeague or in a system complementary to itand consonant with its spirit the securitywhich formerly they sought exclusively inprivate alliances and in armaments?" Heanalyzes and evaluates the various systemsof mutuai assistance — including the DraftTreaty of Disarmament and Security of theAmerican Committee — which have been de-signed to reinforce the guaranties of theLeague itself.Through analysis of these three problemsof stabilization, Mr. De Visscher hasachieved what is really the fairest, mostscholarly and comprehensive treatment, ofthe League's work — politicai, economie,financial and humanitarian that is availableto American readers. He does not glossover the failures and defeets of the greatexperiment; he recognizes the insufficiencyof its guaranties, and its frequent impotencyin the face of opportunistic opposition.115NEWS OFTHE CLASSESAND ASSOCIATIONSCollege Association Notes'97 — Victor W. Sincere is president of theNational Department Stores, Inc., a mergerof ten department stores located in thelarger cities. An article regarding Mr. Sincere appeared in the June, 1924, issue of"Popular Finance."'00 — Frances L. Walshe is executive secretary of the Chicago Public School ArtSociety. Her home address is 5702 Blackstone Avenue, Chicago.'01 — Joseph C. Ewing, J.D. '03. is practic-ing law in Greeley, Colo. His address isBox 739, Greeley, Colorado.'03 — Emma Dolfinger has recently beenappointed Director of the Health EducationDivision of the American Child Health Association, 370 Seventh Avenue, New YorkCity.'04 — Charles M. Steele is now a memberof the New York Stock Exchange firm ofAuerbach, Pollak & Richardson.'05 — Frederick D. Hatfield has recentlymoved to Los Angeles, where he is buildinga new home. His business address is room234—406 S. Main Street.'07 — Charles R. Frazer is Cashier of theMechanics Bank, Raleigh, N. C.'09 — Mariano V. del Rosario, S.M., isChicago Alumni —have a unique chance for Service and Loyalty.Teli your ambitious friends whocan not attend classes about the450which your Alma Mater offers.Through them she is reaching thou-sands in ali parts of the country and indistant lands.For Catalogne AddressThe University of Chicago(Box S) - Chicago, Illinois Professor of Pharmaceutical Chemistry inthe School of Pharmacy of the College ofMedicine, University of the Philippines,Manila.'10— Leverett S. Lyon, A.M. '19, Ph.D.'21, is Head of the Department of Econom-ics and Dean of the School of Commerceand Finance at Washington University, St.Louis, Missouri.'11 — William C. Craver, who is now Student Secretary for the International Com-mittee of the Young Men's Christian Association, lives at 1000 Euclid St., Washington,D. C.'11 — Morris Fishbein. M.D. '12, has recently been elected editor of the Journal ofthe American Medicai Association, 535North Dearborn Street, Chicago, Illinois:he was assistant editor of this large Journalfor a number of years.'11 — T. Dar Juan, ex, is Chief of the Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry in the Bureau of Science of the Government of the Philippine Islands.'13 — Clyde R. Terry, A.M., is President ofthe Illinois Military School, Aledo, Illinois.'13— Otto Kopphis, Ph.D. '20, is now Associate Professor of Physics at the University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.'13— William S. Turner, A.M.. is Dean o?UNIVERSITY COLLEGEThe downtown department ofThe University of Chicago116 So. Michigan Avenuewishes the Alumni of the University and their friends to know thatit now offersEvening, Late Afternoon andSaturday GlassesTwo-Hour Sessions Once or Twice a WeekCourses Credìted Toward University DegreesA limited number of courses will be offered in theevening on the University Quadrangles in additionto courses given downtown.Winter Quarter begins January 2Spring Quarter begins March 30Fot Circular of Information AddressEmery T. Filbey, Dean, University College,The University of Chicago, Chicago, III.ufiNews of tue Classes ani> Associations 117Men at Shaw University, Raleigh, NorthCarolina.'15 — John G. Burtt has been transferredfrom the San Francisco office of the ShellCompany of California to Los Angeles, asgeologist in charge of operations in theSouthern California fields.'15 — Charles I. Madison is Secretary ofthe Community Chest of the Pikes PeakRegion, with offices at 229 Hagerman Building, Colorado Springs.'15 — Herschel T. Manuel, A.M., is Director of the Bureau of Educational Researchat the Western State College of Colorado,located at Gunnison, Colorado.'16 — Eugene S. Giard is head accountantin the Engineering Division of the Westing-house Lamp Company, Bloomfield, NewJersey.'17 — Wah Kai Chang, M.D. '20, is practic-ing medicine at 1404 Nuuanu St., Honolulu,T. H.'17 — Herbert D. Fillers is Superintendentof Schools at Corsicana, Texas.'19— Walter C. Bihler, A.M. '20, is study-ing Philosophy at Oxford University on a"Traveling Fellowship" from the GeneralTheological Seminary of New York City.He may be addressed at Keble College, Oxford, England.'19 — Kenneth C. Macpherson is Secretaryto the Assistant Secretary of Commerce,Washington, D. C.'20 — Greta Benedict, Certif., is trainingteacher at the Mt. Auburn Training School, Cleveland. Her home address is 20'40 E.96th St. Cleveland, Ohio.'20 — Marguerite Newmeyer is a visitingcharity worker for Shelby County, Tennessee. Her address is c/o Associated Chari-ties, Police Station, Memphis, Tenn.'20— Mary L. Patrick, A.M. '21, formerlyDirector of the Bureau of EducationalMeasurements, in the Louisville PublicSchools, is now Instructor in Psychology atChicago Normal College. Her home addressis 6030 Kimbark Ave., Chicago.'20 — Lucy W. Markley, A.M. '20, who isworking for a Ph.D. Degree at the University, is Pastor of a Church at Macomb, Illinois.'20 — John F. Tipton, who is connectedwith the Veterans' Bureau of Denver, livesat 1425 Williams St., Denver, Colorado.'20 — Milbourne O. Wilson, A.M., is Assistant Professor of Education at the University of Oklahoma. His home address is207 Chautauqua Ave., Norman, Okla.'21 — P. H. Keller, at present geologist forthe Roxana Petroleum Corporation, is mak-ing diamond core drill tests in south centraiKansas. His address is Box 1263, PoncaCity, Okla.'21 — Ellis M. Studebàker is now Presidentof La Verne College, La Venie, California.'22— Gabriella C. Brendemuhl, A.M., formerly of Purdue University, is now teachingin the Kansas State Teachers College, Pittsburg, Kansas.'22— Rhoda C. Collins is Head of theAlumni BOOSTTeachers— CHICAGO!See that every High School library orAssembly Room that you come in contact with has a U. ofC. Calendar for 1925Twelve pages, gray tone - -Six pages, colored views -Twelve pages, colored viewsPOSTAGE EXTRA $ today fromThe University of Chicago BookstoreS802 Ellis AvenueY*$S3%S7B3&($u /óy •>/%?/•;•/ '•'ivr**' ••*/*-'> '»'/ ,"'f'"~'i *~s l's i'"*' ps I Oi1 18 Tue Umveksity of Chicago MaciaziniìHome Economics Department at GraftonHall, Fond du Lac, Wisconsin.'22— J. Forest Crawford is instructor ofZoòlogy and Agriculture at the AmericanUniversity of Beirut, Syria,'22 — Robert C. Matlock, Jr., is doing ex-perimental engineering work for the West-inghouse Lamp Company. His home addressis 382 Bloomfield Ave., Bloomfield, N. Jersey.'22 — Marie Louise Remy, ex, is a memberof the faculty of the Colorado State Agri-cultural College, residing at 700 RemingtonStreet, Fort Collins, Colorado.'22 — W. A. Willibrand is Assistant Professor of Modem Languages at the University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma.'23 — Adah Lee Straszer is Seventh GradeCritic at the State Normal School, Minot,North Dakota.'23 — J. S. Masek is Executive Secretaryof the Orlando Realty Board, Orlando,Florida.'23 — Frederick Schultz is teaching Psy-chology and History of Education at theCortland State Normal School. His addressis 9 Church St., Cortland, New York.'24 — Oliver Shurtleff, ex, Superintendentof Public Schools at Sutton, W. Va., hasrecently published two articles — "CurrentHistory in High Schools" in the HistoricalOutlook, and "Achieving Efficiency in Citi-zenship" in the West Virginia School Journal.Largest Teacher PlacementWork in the United StatesUnder One Management — Direction ofE. E. Olp, 28 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoFISK TEACHERS AGENCY, 28 E.Jackson Blvd., Chicago. Affiliatedoffices in principal cities.AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU,Chicago Tempie, 77 W. WashingtonSt., Chicago; 1254 Amsterdam Ave.,New York. College and universitywork only.NATIONAL TEACHERS AGENCY,Security Bldg., Evanston, IH.; Southern Bldg., Washington.EDUCATION SERVICE, 19 S. LaSalle St., Chicago; 1254 AmsterdamAve., New York. Makes a specialtyof public school work, includingteaching and administrative posi-tions ; also, positions for collegegraduates outside of the teachingfield. Offers various forms of service to schools and teachers. C. and A. Notes j4.—.. .. .. .,_, .. .. ¦—..—.. — M— « — •+'13— D. H. Hollingsworth, Ph. B., hasbeen acting as chief clerk of the B. F.Goodrich Rubber Company since 1921.'18— Walter A. Frost, Ph. B., is now salesrepresentative for Swift and Company, Bill-ings, Montana.•18— Tsang C. Yu, Ph. B., has had fullcharge of the Business Department of thePacific Alkali Company in Tientsin, China,for the past year.'22— Edna L. Clark, M. A. has left theY. W. C. A. of Quincy to accept a positionas part-time instructor at lowa State University, Ames, lowa, beginning January 1.'22— Hubert A. Curtis, Ph. B. holds theposition of Chief Clerk to the General PlantSuperintendent of the Illinois Bell Tele-phone Company, Chicago.'23 — Marie F. Butler, Ph. B., is now as-sisting L. S. Lyon at Washington University in the high school curriculum workwhich Mr. Lyon is carrying on.'23 — Clarence B. Kenney, Ph. B., has recently accepted a position with Farrow andTower, Chicago, as Junior Accountant.'24 — C. W. Andrews, Ph. B., is at presenta partner in the United Mercantile Serviceof America, Dayton, Ohio.'24 — James L. Churchill, M. A., teachesaccounting at the Harrison Technical HighSchool in Chicago.Supervised Instruction in English(Continued from page 110)ment of farm activity. Others write on theorganization or location problems of variousbusinesses in which they have worked, suchas drug store management and location,salesmanship of various kinds, etc.Students who are at ali regular in attend-ance and who take pains with their workare usually discharged after writing fromone to three originai papers.Nearly every one is able to bring his workup to the required standard within one quarter. In rare cases students who are stilibelow grade after two quarters of supervision,are required to take English 3 (a second yearcourse in English composition) with theunderstanding that a B — grade is essential.(English 3 is no longer required in the ordinar}' Commerce and Administration course).Thus far the system, in force since theautunni quarter of 1922, has proved verysuccessful. Only a negligible percentage ofstudents are required to report for super-vision a second time. It is believed, thoughfigures are not yet available, that a numberof students, handicapped by poor training inEnglish, have been enabled to raise theirgeneral average of work; and thus have re-mained in the University, where without thisspecial training they might have beendroppedNews of the Classes and Associations 119Law School AssociationJohn D. Clancy has offices at Suite 1011 —140 South Dearborn Street, Chicago.C. C. Chang, J. D. '19, is practicing asattorney and counsellor of law in Hankow,China, at which address he may be ad-dressed.Andrew C. Davis is practicing at 22 AlienBuilding, St. Louis, Missouri.Frank E. Dingle, J.D. '16, is a member ofStedman, Kesler and Dingle, 128 NorthWells Street, Chicago.R. T. Walker Duke is Captain, 17th In-fantry, Fort Crook, Nebraska. For sometime he has been trial Judge Advocate of hisdivision of the army. His home address isR. F. D. No. 1, Laham, Maryland.Arthur F. Gruenwald, J.D. '24, may beaddressed at 1308 East 62nd Street, Chicago.Roy M. Harmon, J.D. '13, and Calvin M.George, J.D. '13, members of the firm ofHarmon, George and Gilbert, have movedtheir offices to Suite 1600 — 76 West MonroeStreet, Chicago. Associated with them isLeslie F. Kimmell.Harry Markheim, J. D. '13, is a member ofthe firm Gottlieb, Schwartz and Markheim,who have just occupied Suite 510' Straus Bldg., 310 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago.Julius J. Michael is located at Suite 420—117 North Dearborn Street, Chicago.Paul Moore, J.D. '23, is with Winston,Strawn and Shaw, 1400 First National BankBldg., Chicago.Lee I. Park, LL.B. '21., is in the office ofthe Solicitor of Internai Revenue, Washington, D. C.Claude W. Schutter, J.D. '23, and LeVerneNorris, J.D. '23 have formed the firm ofSchutter and Norris, with offices in theStony Island State Savings Bank Bldg.,67th Street and Stony Island Avenue. Mr.Schutter is teaching Insurance and Conflictof Laws in the University of Chicago LawSchool this year, during the absence of Professor Bigelow.Charles K. Schwartz, J.D. '09, is practicingat 6 North Clark Street, Chicago.Adolph F. Shafsky, J.D. '22, is with theUnited States Manufacturing Corporation,Decatur, Illinois.Dana R. Simpson, J.D. '23, is practicing atSuite 1828 — 208 South La Salle Street, Chicago.Josiah M. Throgmorton is residing at2308 Cleveland Avenue, Chicago.Harry N. Weinberg, J.D. '21, is withMayer, Meyer, Austrian and Platt, 208 So.La Salle St., Chicago.y vThe Class EndowmentoAndHow It Can Be Done Through Life InsuranceTHE JOHN HANCOCK MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANYworkedout this problem for the 1923 graduatine class of the MassachusettsInstitute of Technology, and is Teady to do it for others.Many graduating classes, wlshing to benefit their Alma Mater have turnedto the insurance idea since it allows the participation of a large number ofstudents.This pian provides for the payment of a certain specified sum to the University at the end of 20 or 25 years, the members of the graduating class paying anominai sum each year to create an endowment. In case of the death of agraduate before the endowment matures his full share is paid into the fund.Every student is given a chance to put his John Hancock on the dottedline and become a continuing contributor to the future welfare of his AlmaMater. It has been successfully carried through in a number of cases, and itcan be done with your institution.The John Hancock organization will be glad co render anyservice it can to college classes and individuate; alsoCo interest ambitìous college men in life insurance work.POR INFORMATION ADDRESSOver Sixty Years in Business. Noni»Insuring Over Two BillionDollari in Policies on3,500.000 Lives Life Insurance Company^of Boston, Massachusctti1 20 The University of Chicago MagazineCharles S. Thomas, J. D. '24, is withCharles W. Ferguson, Stewart Bldg., Rock-ford, Illinois.Berthe F. Tucker J. D. '23, is with Good,Childs, Bobb and Wescott, Illinois Mer-chants Bldg., Chicago.Lowell Wadmond, J. D. '23, is with Tol-man, Sexton and Chandler, 30 North LaSalleStreet, Chicago.Delvy T. Walton, J. D. '24, is with Taylor,Miller, Dickinson and Smith, 600 StandardTrust Bldg., Chicago.Benjamin Weinberg, J. D. '24, is withMoses, Rosenthal and Kennedy, 108 SouthLaSalle Street, Chicago.Montgomery S. Winning, J. D. '17, hasbecome a member of the firm of Schuyler,Ettelson and Weinfeld, Illinois MerchantsBank Bldg., Chicago.Leo T. Wolford, J. D. '15, has become amember of the firm Bruce, Bullitt and Gordon, Inter-Southern Bldg., Louisville, Kentucky.Harold H. Young, LL. B. '24, is practicingat 500 Republic Bldg., Dallas, Texas.Medicai Schools ReceptionThe Annual Reception of the MedicaiSchools of the University of Chicago washeld at the Reynolds Club, Saturday evening, December 13. A program of music,dancing and refreshments filled the evening.Clinical Professor Joseph Legett Miller ad-dressed the two hundred students, facultyand alumni present.The Albert Teacher's Agency25 East Jackson Blvd., Chicago, Ili.Fortieth year. University of Chicago graduates are today filling excellent positions in hundreds of Colleges,Universities, Normal Schools, HighSchool and Private Schools, who werehappily located by The Albert Teach-er's Agency.This Agency has long been in thefront rank of placement bureaus. It isunquestionably the largest and bestknown Agency. Forty-eight per centof positions filled by us are in Colleges and Universities.Our service is direct, personal andeffective. Our clients stay with us —come to us every year. They appreciate good service. Graduates andstudents of the University of Chicagoare always welcome in our office. Ifnot near enough for an interview,make your wants known by mail. Weare here to help you get well located.We have busy offices inNew York, Denver and Spokane |n m il in i " " — —^— ¦_-¦¦—i School of Education Personals'08 — Mrs. John H. Crum (Penelope H.Bowman, Ed.B.) is living at 756 Park Place,Elmira, New York.'09 — Social Life and Institutions, by JosephK. Hart, Ph.D., has been published by TheWorld Book Co. of New York.'11 — Wilfred G. Binnewies, A.M., is Asst.Professor of Sociology at the State Teachers College, Greeley, Colorado.'14 — Mrs. G. O. Newcomb (Avis L.Sprague, S.B.) is Manager of the cafeteriaat the Belmont High School, Los Angeles,Calif.'15 — Thomas H. Finley, S.B., formerlyprincipal of the Township High School atSullivan, 111., is now a member of the sciencedepartment of the Austin High School,Chicago, 111.'16 — Two recent books by Léonard V.Koos, Ph.D., are The High-School Principalpublished by Houghton, Mifflin Co., andThe Junior College, which includes two vol-umes of the 1924 Research Publications ofthe University of Minnesota.'16 — George S. Counts, Ph.D., Professorof Education at Yale University, sailed December 27 for the Philippines. He will takepart in the survey of the educational systemof the Philippine Islands which is beingconducted by Professor Paul Monroe ofColumbia University. Dr. Counts is co-author with J. Crosby Chapman of Principlesof Education, Houghton Mifflin Co.'17— Since 1920 Rose Lee, Ph.B., has beenteaching English and history in the ShungTak Girls' School in Shanghai, China.'18 — Alice Hughes, Ph.B., is Assistant Director of the Division of Elementary Education in Toledo University, Toledo, Ohio.'19 — Harriet Glendon, Ph.B., Professor ofHome Economics, Carnegie Institute ofTechnology, spent the summer of 1924 inEurope.'20 — Clem O. Thompson, A.M., as a member of the Committee of the State Department studying Indiana High Schools is con-cerned especially with the curriculum problem.'21— Elizabeth E. Bettcher, Ph.B., is Su-pervisor of Elementary Practice in the StateTeachers College, Indianapolis, Ind.'22 — Iva I. Sell, Ph.B., is doing graduatework and filling a full-time instructorship inHome Economics at the University of Minnesota.'23 — Benjamin F. Stalcup, A.M., is part-time lecturer in education at the School ofEducation, New York University. He isworking for his Ph.D.'23— Elizabeth B. Heiny. Ph.B., is authorof Social Science Interest! for First Grade:News of the Classes axd Associations 121A Suggestive Curriculum, published by theKenyon Press of Milwaukee.'24 — Mary Esther Caseley, Ph.B., is primary critic at the State Normal, Bellingham,Washington.'24 — Vinnie E. Marshall, Ph.B., is Special-ist in Girls' Club Work at the University ofIllinois.'24 — Catherine F. Morgan is teaching sci-enee in the High School, Janesville, Wisconsin.'24— Homer P. Rainey, Ph.D., A.M. '23,is Associate Professor of Education andDirector of the Bureau of Research at theUniversity of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon.Dean Gray is co-operating with the IllinoisValley Section of the Illinois State TeachersAssociation in organizing reading tests andpractice exercises for use in the schools offive counties of the district. These tests havebeen given during the latter part of thepresent year for the purpose of discussing theaccomplishments and needs of the pupils inreading in the fourth, fifth, and sixth grades.A general meeting will be held in Ottawaearly in January at which the general program for the winter and spring will be out-lined to principals, superintendents, andsupervisors.Director Judd has been in Washington,D. C, during the holiday week, attendingthe meetings of the American PsychologicalAssociation and the American Associationfor the Advancement of Science. ProfessorFrank N. Freeman is secretary of SectionQ of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and Associate Professor Elliot R. Downing is a member ofthe Committee on the Place of Science inEducation.New Research Fund for EducationalPurposesThe Commonwealth Fund has made agrant of $15,000 for a study of foster chil-dren, the sum to be divided equally for useby Dr. L. M. Terman, of Stanford University, and Dr. Frank N. Freeman, Professorof Educational Psychology in the University of Chicago. Dr. Terman will comparefoster children and their foster parents andDr. Freeman will make a comparison between foster children and their brothers andsisters.The purposes of both studies is to determine whether the training and advantageswhich foster children receive enable them tomake a higher score on mental tests thanthey presumably would have made other-wise. The study therefore is one phase ofthe general problem of the relation betweenheredity and environment in the determina-tion of mental traits. Dr. Freeman will beassisted in his work by Dr. Karl J. Holzin-ger, Assistant Professor of Education. The First National BankOF CHICAGOand its affiliateci institution, theFirst Trust and SavingsBankoffer a complete, con-venient and satisfactoryfinancial service inCommercial BankingForeign ExchangeTravellers ChequesDepartment for LadiesInvestment BondsReal Estate Mortgagesand CertificatesSavings DepartmentTrust DepartmentThe stock of both banks is owned by the samestockholders. Combined resources exceed$350,000.000Dearborn,Monroe and Clark StreetsChicago122 The University of Chicago MagazinePresident Burton on Rewards of ScientificAchievement"Science is an enormous contributor tohuman welfare and happiness," said President Burton in his recent Convocation statement at the University. "The man of research has the Joy of search, and sometimesthe Joy of discovery, which he prizes aboveany rewards of wealth. The community asa whole experiences the benefit of enlargedhorizon, increased knowledge, and increasedwealth. It is estimated that the averageearning power of a man has been within ahundred years multiplied by four by reasonof the discoveries of science."But the financial rewards of scientificdiscovery do not return in any large measure to the discoverer. The Stieglitzes andthe Michelsons and the Judds cannot buildthe laboratories which their scientific achieve-ments cali for with the financial rewardsthat those achievements bring to them. Themillions of profit go to the master minds ofthe business world."I mention it only to emphasize the ob-vious fact that not only the progress ofscience but the welfare of society is de-pendent upon a spirit of co-operation per-meating ali elements of society. And we ofthe University must frankly recognize thatwe are dependent upon the co-operation ofthe men of business to enable us to makethat further progress which we so muchdesire to achieve."piiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiNI YOUR ALUMNI ASS0CIATI0N|| and its II MAGAZINE I| are made stronger, more service- || able to the University and Alumni, I| and increasingly successful — || First, by memberships, and sec- I| ond, by prompt payment of dues. |1 If not now a Life Member — and || we trust in good time you will be — || you will assist your Association and j| Magazine very materially by |I promptly co-operating on notice || from your Alumni Office. |j Every loyal membership is deeply |1 appreciated. Urge your Chicago I| friends to joinl We should ali work II together — for Chicago. jliiiiiiiiiinifliimiiiffliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiNiiiiHiiiimii»!! The Letter Box(Continued)Ben Stovall ReminiscesDear MY. Editor:Maybe some of the alumni will be inter-ested in a couple of my experiences thatstand out as landmarks in my twenty-twoyears as a janitor in Hitchcock and SouthDivinity halls.Some years ago Dr. A. K. Parker andMiss Parker were in charge of HitchcockHall and had planned a reception. The de-liveryman, looking for the proper person towhom to deliver the ice cream, happened tostumble upon one of the former footballstars of the University. This athlete scoldedthe boy for being late and ordered the icecream rushed to his room, which was on thefirst floor of Hitchcock, and signed the book"George Washington." A few hours laterMiss Parker, much excited by the presenceof many distinguished guests and embar-rassed by what she thought was the failureof the company to deliver the ice cream,carne to me to see if I knew anything aboutit. We phoned the ice cream company, andwere informed that the cream had been de-livered and had been signed for by Mr.George Washington. We had to order tengallons more.The first freezer, that had been "lost,"was found in the middle of the campus twodays later. In the meantime there wereevidences ali over the dormitory of the factthat pitchers, bowls, glasses, and even shav-ing mugs, had been pressed into service bythose who had shared in the ten-gallonfeast.Another incident occurred the secondnight after I was married. About 11 o'clockat my home we heard a lot of noise on thefront porch — cowbells, horns, baby rattlers,vvhistles, etc. When I went to the door Ifound about 2ó freshmen from Hitchcock,with arms full of soft drinks. The boysmade a rush for the kitchen and helpedthemselves to glasses and cups, and providedus with a fine spread. After they had hada good time they set off on a parade forHitchcock Hall. Soon after, the phonerang, and, to my surprise, it was the polkestation. They had taken the paraders in ona charge of noisy conduct, and the boyssucceeded in getting the police to cali meup and get me to come over. After I ex-piained that they were young students atthe University and had kindly come downto celebrate my wedding the boys wereturned loose. The boys took up'a fifty-dollar collection to buy a silver set for mvwedding present, but, instead, turned themoney over to me. I don't think they weredisappointed when they found out, how-ever, that I spent the money in putting ina supply of flour, sugar, ham, bacon, etc.After leaving Hitchcock Hall, I was trans-ferred to South Divinity, where, I suppose,my main hobby was trying to keep thedivinity students walking "the straight andnarrow path."My experience with the boys in Hitch-The Letter Box 123cock and South Divinity halls are full offunny incidents. And I would like to addthat I know, from many years of experi-ence, that they are ali fine fellows. I couldname a long list of students I knew who,through the University's training, have become wonderful men. Yours sincerely,Ben Stovall, Janitor.(Editor's Note: The above letter from "Big Ben"will interest many Alumni. Ben was born at Tupelo,Miss., on February 12, [Lincoln's Birthday] 186S.After working as a clerk and as a Pullman porter,he carne to the University as janitor in 1902. Healways carried a big banner in the Reunion parades,and has long been one of the well-known "campuscharacters.")"Introducing" the RegistrarState Teachers College,Farmville, Virginia.Dear Fellow Registrar:You were so kind in sending me promptlythe information asked for in January thatI take pleasure in giving you the results ofthe tabulation as some of the points maybe of use to you in your work.With best wishes, and hoping to havethe pleasure of meeting you in Chicago, I amSincerely yours,Jennie M. Tabb, Registrar.* * *Number of questionnaires sent out, 250;returned, 214.Institutions with more than a thousandstudents, 91; between five hundred and athousand, 57; less than five hundred, 89.Institutions with more than a hundred infaculty, 75; between fifty and a hundred, 47;less than fifty, 80.Session divided into two semesters, 70;three terms, 5; four quarters, 41; two semesters plus a summer term, 89.Time for giving in grades at end of term ;time set by faculty in 67 institutions; byRegistrar in 91; by board or dean in 28.Grades handed in on lists, 134; individuaicards or tickets, 68.Institutions in which faculty is requiredto have Registrare signatures before sal-aries are paid, 26; signatures required forsummer term only, 10.Forty-nine institutions hold back reportsto parents if one or two instructors are latehanding in grades.Requirements for honors, etc, vary toomuch to allow of a brief tabulation.To guard with jealous care the interestOf ali within our walls that may pertainTo faculty or student, and to gainSuch knowledge through the measurement,the test,The dreaded questionnaire, and ali the rest,That President or Dean, if they would fai 1 1Have information, quickly may obtainThe data sought; and further, on request,To gather such statistics as may lendAssistance to some "seeker" from afar;To entertain ali office guests (who spendAn hour or so, however rushed you are) —Such is the "job" — a hard one; and, poorfriend,You recognize yourself — The Registrar. $1.00Opens aSavingsAccountYou Work For Your Money,So Money Should Be KeptWorking For You.We own and recommend to our cus-tomers &y2% and 6^% FIRST MORT-GAGES and FIRST MORTGAGEGOLD BONDS on HYDE PARKPROPERTY.The notes and bonds are certified to bythe CHICAGO TITLE and TRUSTCO., and the title guaranteed for the fullamount of the loan.UNIVERSITY STATE BANKA CLEARING HOUSE BANK1354 East 55th St. Corner RidgewoodPau 1 H. Davis & GomparsyMembers Chicago Stock ExchangeWe are anxìous to serve you inyour selection of high grade in-vestments. We specialize inlisted and unlisted stocks andbonds — quotations on request.Paul H. Davis, " 1 1 Herbert I. Markham, Ex-'06Ralph W. Davis.' 1 6 Byron C. Howes. Ex-' 1 3N.Y. Life Bldg.— CHICAGO— State 6860Charles R. Gilbert. '10 Bradford Gill. '10Gilbert & GillGeneral InsurancePersonal and Business208 South La Salle StreetWabash 941 1 CHICAGOlai The University of Chicago MagazineAlumni Affairs(Continued from page 100)Professor C. C. Arbuthnot, P'h.D. '03,Head of the Department of Politicai Econ-omy at Western Reserve University, deliv-ered an interesting and practical addressupon the subject, "How to Avoid BusinessDepressions." When he had finished wewondered why Chicago allows anotherschool to take from her a man of suchscholarly attainments and such evidentteaching ability.Mr. William S. Karman of Columbus,member of the Alumni Executive brandi ofthe Committee on Development, outlinedbriefly the objectives aimed at by that committee. When he asked who would help,everyone present rose to respond. Mr. Har-man has not yet named his committees butwe feel that Cleveland is already launchedon the campaign with considerable mo-mentum.The enclosed clipping from the Sunday"Plain Dealer" outlines our plans for therest of the winter. We shall keep you postedas each dream materializes into reality.Sincerely yours,Neil C. Henry, '12,President.|IIIIII!IIÌI1IIIII111IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII1IIIU1I1IIIIIIIIIIIIII1II1!II1II1I ASTRONOMERS I| AND CHEMISTS |1 are not needed to pick a logicai ad- II vertising medium. Your own good |1 sense probably suggests that your ¦¦ advertising be run in this magazine 1¦ alongside personal news notes — to |1 be read by a picked list of substan- I1 tial men. jj| Forty-four alumni publications |i have a combined circulation of =1 160,000 college trained men. Adver- |j§ cising space may be bought individ- e| aallyor collectively — in any way de- 11 iired. Twopagesizes— onlytwoplates j1 necessary— group advertising rates. 1¦ The management of your alumni |¦ nagazine suggests an inquiry to 1I ALUMNI MAGAZINES jj ASSOCIATEDI ROY BARNH1LL, Inc. !H oAdvertising ''H.epresentattreINEW YORK CHICAGO.23 E. 26thSt. 230 E. Ohio St. 1¦ Athletics(Continued from page 1021Howell, Laverty, and "Swede" Gordon,former Oak Park star, were ali ineligible,and their loss was felt to no small degree.The Maroon cagers opened the season bymeeting the Michigan Aggies, who trouncedNorgren's men soundly, by a score of 29 to15. Chicago's shooting was inaccurate andthe work on the floor was slow, little team-work being shown.On December 30 the Navy carne to Bart-lett gym after having beaten Minnesota. Al-though the Maroons made a strong start,they were unable to maintain the pace, andafter the opening few minutes of the gameCraig, the Midshipmen's crack shot, wasable to put the ball through the loop enoughtimes to net his team a 29 to 21 victory overChicago.With the arrivai of Mercer, the SouthernIntercollegiate champions, better work onthe part of Chicago could be seen. Gordon,playing in that game, managed a number ofbaskets, and Barnes showed himself in finestyle. The result was a win for the Maroons, 26 to 22. The latter victory has en-couraged locai cage followers considerably.With steady improvement the Maroons areexpected to come through in better style asthe season progresses. A great many roughcorners remain to be smoothed off, and ifthey are to place high in the Conferencerace some hard work is in store for the Chicago five.On January 10 the next Conference tiltwill bring the University of Illinois to Bart-lett gymnasium, and although the Illiniwere considered to have started the seasonwith a comparatively weak outfit, they haveshown a great deal of improvement, andhave vanquished DePauw and WashingtonUniversity, falling before Butler by onlytwo points. The "dope" favors the down-state aggregation unless the recent pick-upon the part of the Maroons is extended ma-terially.Barnes and Sackett are carrying the workat forward positions in creditable style andcan be depended upon to polish up with therest of the team. Abbott has been jumpingat center, and Captain Weiss and Barta havedone the guarding task. With a little moresmooth teamwork, and with improvement inthe shooting ability of the five, the Chicagoteam may upset Illinois. At any odds, Maroon supporters may expect a Constant risein the stock of their team.A ChristmasChristmas, 1924'Tarn sittin' in the saddleWith my fancy free to roamOn a summer night in TexasWith my horse a-goin' home,Just my horse's feet a-clickin',And the prairie slippin' by;On my face the south wind blowin',Overhead the starry sky.Not a soul for miles around me,Now and then a distant lightTo remind me*of a neighborFar off in the friendly night.I don't need to watch my steerin',To ali that my horse will tend;He's no senseless thing of iron,But a livin', trusted friend.And at night his gait is smoothe'r,Softer is his foot-step's beat,As if darkness were a carpetSpread beneath his tripping feet.If you've ever felt the south windBlowin' over Texas grass,Never can its cool caressesFrom a wanderer's memory pass.And at times my thoughts will wanderFar away from crowds and cars,And once more I'm on the prairie,With the south wind and the stars.Once again I'm in the saddle,And I let my fancy roamOn a summer night in TexasWith my horse a'goin' home."* * *[Ed. Note: The above poem was a Christmasgreeting from Mr. John A. Lomax, Alumni Secretaryat the University of Texas. Mr. Lomax. an authorityon cowboy literature, has lectured on that subject atseveral universities including Chicago.]John A. Logan, '21Investment SecuritieswithH. M. BYLLESBY & COMPANY23 1 So. La Salle St. State 3400PLEASE NOTE THAT THEMAGAZINE PRINTSAlumni Professional CardsFOR RATES. ADDRESSALUMNI OFFICE. UNIVERSITYOF CHICAGO C. F. Axelson, *07SPECIAL AGENTNorthwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co.918 The RookeryTelephone Wabash 1800Ralph H. Hobart, '96HOBART & OATESCHICAGO GENERAL AGENTSNorthwestern Mutual Life Ins. Co.900 The RookerySam A. Rothermel ' 1 7InsurancewithMOORE, CASE, LYMAN & HUBBARD1625 Insurance Exchange Wabash 0400Luther M. Sandwick '20WithH. M. Byllesby and CompanyInvestment Securities231 S. LaSalle St. State 3400Kenwood: Hyde Park: Woodlawn:South Shore: Chatham Fields: Flossmoor:Vacant or ImprovedREAL ESTATEMatthew A. Bowers, '22Midway 0620 5435 Kimbark Ave.Main 0743 249 Conway Bldg.WILLIAM ARTHUR BLACK, '19LIFE INSURANCESpecializing onPlans for Building EstaltsLIFE INSURANCE WILLS and TRUST FUND SERVICERAYMOND J. DALY, '12Investment SecuritiesWITHFederai Securities CorporationCHICAGOState 1414John J. Cleary, Jr., '14ELDREDGE & CLEARYGeneral InsuranceFidelity & Surety BondsInsurance Exchange BuildingTel. Wabash 1240 Chicago136 The University of Chicago MagazineMOSERSHORTHAND COLLEGEA business school of distinctionSpecial Three Months' IntensiveCourse for university graduatesor undergraduates given quarterly .Bulldin on Request.PAUL MOSER, J. D., Ph. B.116 S. Michigan Ave. ChicagoGali and inspectour pian t and up-to-date facilitieaWe Print tZEjje qflnioergttp of Chicago JWaga?meMake a Printing Connectionwith a Specialist and a responsiblePrinting HouseCATALOGUEand DDIMTEDCPUBLICATION riXln 1 LI\ JPrinting and AdvertisingAdvisersandihe Cooperative and Clearing Housefor Publications ani CataloguesLet us estimate on your next printing orderPrinting Products CorporationFormerly Rogers «Sr Hall CompanyPolk and La Salle Streets CHICAGO, ILLINOISPhones — Locai and Long Distance — Wabash 3380One of the lare-est and mostcomplete Printing pianta in theUnited StatesTHE YATES-FISHERTEACHERS' AGENCYEstablished J906Paul Yates, Manager616-620 South Michigan AvenueChicagoOther Office911-12 Broadway BuildingPortland, OregonThe Largest College Annual Engraving Housein AmericaJAHN & OLL1ERENGRAVING CO.554 W. Adami St., Chicago, ni.ENGRAVERS OF OVER 400BOOKS ANNUALLYNote: We Never Sub-let Any Plates or ArtWork.Unusual Personal Service on AliBooks Marriages, Engagements,Births, Deaths.ifflarrtagegAvis L. Sprague, '14, to G. O. Newcomb,November 5, 1923. At home, 5432>£ Foun-tain Ave., Los Angeles, California.Gladys I. Scharfenstein, '15, to Clarence I.Hendrickson, August 20, 1924. At home,Storrs, Connecticut.Wah K. Chang, '17, M.D. '20, to RebeccaTarn, January 23, 1924. At home, Honolulu,T. H.Herbert D. Rugg, A.M. '17, to MargueriteE. Dunscombe, June 16, 1924. At home,2620 N. Moreland Boulevard, Cleveland,Ohio.Mathilda E. Bertrams, '18, to William A.Honer, November 8, 1924. At home, 323 W.Mason Street, Jackson, Michigan.John G. Lowery, A.M. '18, to Mary M.Lowry, August 20, 1924. At home, NewConcord, Ohio.Alpha Kelsey, '19, to Guy C. Thompson,October 23, 1924. At home, Norfolk, Nebraska.Albert J. Johnson, J.D. '19, to Olga Holie,October 28, 1924. At home, 2741 28th Ave.,South, Minneapolis, Minn.Bernard Raymond, Ph.D. "'20, to Ruth A.Fisher, May 31, 1924. At home, 215 WestTenth Ave., Columbus, Ohio.Eleanor B. Hanson, '22, to Jacob Rust-man, November 26, 1924. At home, OakPark, Illinois.Paul E. Johnson, A.M. '22, to EvelynGrant, June 2, 1922. At home, 244 BowenAve., Providence, R. I.Kenneth N. Parke, '22, A.M. '25, to Florence E. Fraser, June 17, 1924. At home,Wayne, Nebraska.Laura Theilgaard, '23, to Rev. FranklinMcVey, June 14, 1924. At home, 4511 N.Winchester Ave., Chicago, Illinois.Florence Siebert, '22', S.M. '24, to Wm.Rasch, May 27, 1924. At home, 3765 N. Os-good St., Chicago, Illinois.Eugene J. Ganson, '23, to Helen M. Flynn,May 27, 1924. At home, 125 Buell Ave.,Joliet, Illinois.Ethel Ballantyne, '24, to Herford Davidson, '22._ At home, 7827 Calumet Ave.. Chicago, Illinois.Cngagemente;Amy J. Leazenby, A.M. '20, to ProfessorEric Englund.Miriam Simons, '21, to Gerald J. Lueck.ftirtiisTo C. Arthur Bruce, '06, J.D. '08, andMrs. Bruce, a son, at Memphis, Tenn.To Dean William S. Gray, '13, Ph.D. '16,and Mrs. Gray, a daughter, Grace WarnerNovember 20, 1924, at Chicago.The University of Chicago Magazine 127sPublished inthe interest of Elee-tricot Development byan Institution that willbe helped by what-ever helps theIndustry. Is he a hard taskmasteror a loved leader?IF you are a good soldier, you take orders fromthe major. But there is a great deal of differ-ence whether you find the training an irksomeroutine or an enjoyable development.When you follow the right major in your course,the work can become vitally interesting, and yourcollege career will be more worthwhile."But what is my right line of work?," may bea puzzling question. Ali the thought you can giveto finding the answer will be fully repaid. Analyzeyourself and you will surely discover yournaturai aptitude.And when you' ve found what line you feel youought to follow, stick to it. Stand by your majorand your major will stand by you.'esteru vThis advertisement is one of a series in studentpublications. It may remind alumni of their opportunity to help the undergraduate, by suggestion andadvice, to get more out of his four years. /128 The University of Chicago MagazineThere can be no halt!A new day creeps across the continent. Dawnbreaks successively upon New York, upon Pittsburgh, upon Chicago, Denver, San Francisco.A hundred million people awake. Great cities,villages, and tiny hamlets bestir themselves. Anation turns to lathe, to plow, to pen — to itsmultitudinous tasks.A hundred million workers must be fed.Whatever the new day brings, this fact remainsunalterable. Food must be forthcoming. Lifemust be sustained.In the early half-light a great American in-dustry is already bent upon this colossal task.In twenty or more large packing centers thewheels of the meat supply are turning.The shriek of locomotives, the trampling of hoofs,and the clatter ofhorses! From nearby farms and dis-tant ranch es thousands ofcattle are coming to market.Today thousands of anìmals will be turned into meat— clean, wholesome, appetizing. Thousands of refrig-erator cars will carry tbis meat hundreds of miles toevery city and village in the nation. Ali will be served— unfailingly.Day after day, month after month, year after year,the work goes on. There can be no halt. There can beno "if in the language of the meat supply.The needs of the nation must be supplied. From thehumblest of beginnings America has evolved slowlyand logically a means to this end. We have glimpsedit at work. It is the American meat packing industry.¦* -Jf #It has been the privìlege of Swift &Company to bearan important part in this tremendous work, and toshare in the responsìbilities which attend it.This company alone has twenty - three packingplants adjacent to live-stock producing centers, fromwhich meats are dìstributed through a system ofbranch houses, refrìgerator cars, and car routes toevery part of the nation.Swift & Company has ever sought improvement inthe service which it renders. Its contributions to finerquality foods and more economical operation havebeen many. Yet the latest is never counted as theutmost. The search for even better quality and evengreater economies, and hence for even better service,goes forward unceasingly from day to day.Note: This is the final advertisement ofa series whichhas traced the development of the American meatpacking industry from earliest times. Upon application Swift & Company will supply to interested read-ers without charge a complete set ofthe sixteen adver-tisements which have constituted this series.Swift & CompanyFounded 1868A nation-wide organization owned by more than46,000 shareholders To Lawrence MacGregor, '16, and Mrs.MacGregor, a daughter, November 9, 1924,at New York City.To David H. Annan, '19, and Mrs. Annan(Miriam Ormsby) '22, a son, February 14,1924-, at Chicago.To Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth R. Burke(Leala P. Shelton) '23, a daughter, PennElizabeth, December 2, 1924, at Chicago.To Dott E. Zook, A.M. '23, and Mrs.Zook, a son, Joe, September 6, 1924, atNokomis, Illinois.BeatileDr. Eugene S. Talbot, Sr., M.D. '80, inSt. Luke's Hospital, December 20, 1924.Beside being a graduate of the PennsylvaniaCollege of Dentai Surgery, Dr. Talbot helddegrees from various other colleges anduniversities. He specialized in diseases ofthe mouth, combining his medicai trainingwith his study of dentistry, and was theauthor of many books dealing with thesesubjects. While in Rome last summer, Dr.Talbot was honored by having a bust ofhimself made and placed at the entrance ofthe stomatological department of the University of Italy by the Italian Government.He was a member of the faculties of theNorthwestern Medicai School and RushMedicai college of the University of Chicago.Lebbeus J. Shoemaker, D.B. '85, December4, 1924, at New Castle, Pennsylvania. Rev.Shoemaker was graduated from the MorganPark Seminary in the early eighties and formany years was a Baptist minister.William A. Waldo, '92, D.B. '99, December 9, 1924. Rev. Waldo was killed inan automobile accident at Jacksonville,Florida and at the time of his death he waspastor of a large Baptist Church in thatcity.William A. Locy, Ph.D. '95, October 9,1924, at Evanston, Illinois. Dr. Locy wasProfessor of Zoòlogy at Northwestern University at the time of his deah.Septimus Sisson, '99, July 24, 1924, atBerkeley, California. Dr. Sisson was one of 'the leaders in the field of Veterinary Science,and in 1921 the degree of Doctor of Veterinary Science was conferred upon him bythe University of Toronto. The award gavehim world wide recognition and distinction,since he was the only man in the UnitedStates holding the degree. It had beengranted to but three others. Until May otthis year. Dr. Sisson was Professor of Comparative Anatomy in the College of Vet-¦erinary Medicine at Ohio State University.Andre Beziat, Ph.D. '99, December 17,1924, at his home in Nashville, Tenn. Dr.Beziat's death carne as a shock to his friendssince he had been ili only a short time. Upuntil the time of his death he was professorof Romance languages at Vanderbilt University.Edward B. Reading, '21. December 5.1924, at New York City. He was studyingat the Union Theological Seminary at thetime of his death.Iti;:;:;:/ "> MEmerson tells how the mass ofmen worry themselves intonameless graves, while nowand then a great, unselfish soulforgets himself into immor-tality. One of the most inspir-ing influences in the life of amodem corporation is theselfless work of the scientistsin the laboratories, which itprovides for their research.If you are interested to learnmore about what electricity isdoing, write for Reprint No.AR391 containing a completeset of these advertisements. Thomas A. Edison and Charles P. Steinmetz in the Schenectadylaboratories of the General Electric Company, where Dr, Steinmetz did his great workSteinmetzThe spirit of Dr. Steinmetz kept hisfrail body alive. It clothed him withsurpassing power; he tamed the light-ning and discharged the first artificialthunderbolt.Great honors carne to him, yet hewill be remembered not for what hereceived, but for what he gave.Humanity will share forever in theprofit of his research. This is thereward of the scientist, this is enduringglory.95-9401- HIGENERAL ELECTRICGENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, SCHENECTADY, NEW YORF'America's Finest Clothes"RECOGNITIONof the consistent policy of our "New Orderof Things," continued through1925UNDER our "New Order of Things," we offer restrictedpattems only. Nothing, therefore, can be "carriedover" — although each of these suits and overcoats is awork of tailoring genius; they should in no way be confusedwith the merchandise shown at the average "clear ance."$50 Suits & O'Coats now$55 Suits & O'Coats$60 Suits & O'Coats$65 Suits & O'Coats$70 Suits & O'Coats$75 Suits & O'Coats$80 Suits & O'Coats$90 Suiti & O'Coats$100 Suits & O'Coats .$38.50$42.50$46.50$51.50$54.50$58.50$62.50$71.50$78.50Ali fìner Overcoats which formerly sold from $110to $175 are offered at proportionate reductions.Our General Sale ofMEN'S FURNISHINGSis now in progress. Liberal reductions are in effectthrough ali departments and in the Sport ShopUMDOM«HIOAfltt«T. PAUi.•¦TigliTwo Chicago Stores:Michigan Avenue at Monroe Street and HOTEL SHERMAN