"Speaking of Books-and especially those puhlished bythe University of Chicago nessc! � �Strange Tonguesoften tell strange tales, and, hidden away among themysteries of languages that are not our own, aremany of the world's literary masterpieces. Transla­tion into English, unfortunately, often robs them ofmuch of their charm. Therefore for the man who canlearn to read them in the language in which they werewritten or first told, there is usually a great gain in theeffectiveness of the telling., Students of languages, ancient or modern, will findamong the publications of the University of ChicagoPress a number 'Of books that will help them mater­ially to acq uire proficiency in particular languages.Especially noteworthy are the eight volumes in the"University of Chicago Italian Series," Harper'sRU8sian Reader and Prokosch's Elementary RussianGrammar, and a number of text and reference booksfor the study of Greek and Latin,H you are interested in languages let us send youdescriptive material without charge.The fourth of a series of advertisements addressedto the readers of University of Chicago Press books"THE TRUE UNIVERSITY IS A. COLLE,CTION OF BOOKS." -e-Carlyle. � . m_._ ... , .... ','. , ��be Wntbersttp of �btcago maga?tneEditor and Business Manager, ADOLPH G. PIERROT, '07.Editorial BoardC. and A. Association-DoNALD P. BEAN, '17.Divinity Association--A. G. BAKER, Ph.D., '21.Doctors' Association-HENRY C. COWLES, Ph.D., '98.Law Association--CHARLES F. McELROY, A.M., '06, J.D., '15.School of Education Association-FLoRf;NCE WILLIAMS. '16.The Magazine is published monthly from 'November to July, inclusive, by The· Alumni Council of TheUniversity of Chicago, 58th St. and Ellis Ave., Chicago, Ill. The subscription price is $2.00 per year;the price of single copies is 20 cents. UPostage is prepaid by the publishers on all orders from the UnitedStates, Mexico, Cuba, Porto Rico, Panama Canal Zone, Republic of Panama, Hawaiian Islands, Philip­pine Islands, Guam, Samoan Islands. UPostage is charged extra as follows: For Canada, 18 cents onannual subscriptions (total $2.18), on single copies, 2 cents (total 22 cents); for all other countries inthe Postal Union, 27 cents on annual subscriptions (total $2.27), on single copies, 8 cents (total 28 cents).lIRemittances should be made payable to Tile Alumni Council and should be in the Chicago or New Yorkexchange, postal or express money order. If local check is used, 10 cents must be added for collection.Claims for missing numbers should be made within the month following the regular month of publica­tion. The publishers expect to supply missing numbers free only when they have been lost in transit.All correspondence should be addressed to The Alumni Council, Box 9, Faculty Exchange, The Univer­sity of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.Entered as second-class matter December 10, 1914, at the Postoffice at Chicago, Illinois, under the Actof March 8, 1879.Member of Alumni Magazines Associated.Vol. XVI. CONTENTS FOR' FEBRUARY, 1924 No.4FRONTISPIECE: GARGOYLES ON HULL GATECLASS SECRETAHIES AND CLUB OFFICERS ...................................•..•...•.••. 123EVENTS AND COl\i[l\IENT ........•.. , ...•....... " ............................•.•....•••• 125ALUMNI AFFAIRS •....••....•.•••...•....•..................•....•........•••.•.•..•••• 127SELECTIVE ADMISSION ( WALTER A. PAYNE, '96) - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • • . . . . . .• 130CHICAGO DEANS (DEAN EDITH ABBOTT, PH.D. '05) : .•....................•.••• 132NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES '" .• 133ATHLETICS 134THE LETTER Box.................................................................... 135UNIVERSITY NOTES ................•.................................................. 138LAW SCHOOL-SENATOR ESSINGTON, J.D. '08 .•.•..............•.......................• 143SCHOOL OF EDUCATION-MuSIC IN KINDERGARTEN-PRIMARY GRADES ...................•. 144BOOK REVIEWS 146NEWS OF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONS ........•..................................... 148MARRIAGES, ENGAGEMENTS, BIRTHS, DEATHS _" 160121122 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETheof the Alumni - CouncilUniversity of ChicagoChairman, CHARLES F. AXELSON, '07Secretary-Treasurer. ADOLPH G. PIERROT, '07.THE COUNCIL for 1922-23 is composed of the following delegates:From the College Alumni Association, Term expires 1924, MRS. WARREN .GORRELL,'98; CHARLES S. EATON, '00; FRANK McNAIR, '03; MRS. GERALnINE B. GILKEY, '12;PAUL S. RUSSELL, '16; MRS. RODERICK J. MACPHERSON, '17; Term expires 1925, JOHNP. MENTZER, '98; HENRY D. SULCER, '05; CHARLES F. AXELSON, '07; HAROLD H.SWIFT, '07; MRS. DOROTHY D. CUMMINGS, '16; JOHN NUVEEN, JR., '18; Term ex­pires 1926, ELIZABETH FAULKNER, '85; HERBERT 1. MARKHAM, '06; HELEN NORRIS,'07; RAYMOND J. DALY, '12; MARTHA NADINE HALL, '17; ROBERT M. COLE, '22.From the Association of Doctors of Philosophy, HERBERT L. WILLETT, PH.D., '96; HERBERT E.SLAUGHT, PHD., '98; MRS. MAYME LoGSDON, PH.D, '21'.From the Divinity Alumni Association, E. J. GOODSPEED, D. B., '97, PH.D., '98; OSCAR D.BRIGGS, ex-'09; A. G. BAKER, PH.D., '21.From/ the Law School Alumni 'Association, EDGAR J. PHILLIPS, L. L. B., '11; CHARLES F. Me­ELROY, A.M., '06, J.D., - '15; HENRY F. TENNEY, PH.B., '13, J.D., '15.From the School of Education Alumni Association, R. L. LYMAN, PH.D., '17; MRS. GARRETTF. LARKIN, '21; BUTLER LAUGHLIN, Ex. '22.From the Commerce and Administration Alumni Association, FRANK E. WEAKLY, '14;DONALD P. BEAN, '17; JOHN A. LOGAN, '21.· ,From the Chicago Alumni Club, FRANCIS F. PATTON, '11; HOWELL W. MURRAY, '14; WILLIAMH. LYMAN, '14.From the Chicago Alumnae Club, GRACE A. COULTER, '99; ALICE GREENACRE, '08; MRS. HELENCARTER JOHNSON, '12.From the University, HENRY GORDON GALE, '96, PH.D., '99.Alumni Associotions' Represented in the Alumni Council:THE COLLEGE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, CHARLES F. AXELSON, '07, The Rookery, Chicago.Secretary, ADOLPH G. PIERROT, '07, University of Chicago.ASSOCIATION OF DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHYPresident, HERBERT L. WILLETT, Ph.D., '96, University of Chicago.Secretary, HERBERT E. SLAUGHT, Ph.D., '98, University of Chicago.DIVINITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPreside-nt, JAMES MCGEE, D.B., '08, 165 York Street, New Haven, Conn.Secretary, CLARENCE W. KEMPER, AM., '11, D.B., '12, First Baptist Church, Charles-ton, W. Va. -LAW SCHOOL ASSOCIATIONPresident, HENRY F. TENNEY, PH.B., '1'3, J.D., '15, 137 So. La Salle St., Chicago.Secretary, CHARLES F. McELROY, AM., '06, J.D., '15, 1609 Westminster Bldg., Chicago.SCHOOL OF EDUCATION ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, G. WALTER WILLETT, PH.D., '23, Lyons Township High School, La Grange,Illinois.Secretary, FLORENCE WILLIAMS, '16, AM., '20, University of Chicago.COMMERCE AND ADMINISTRATION ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, DONALD P. BEAN, '17, University of Chicago.Secretary, MISS CHARITY BUDINGER, '20, 6031 Kimbark Ave., Chicago.All communications should be sent to the Secretary of the proper Association or to the·Alumni Council, Faculty Exchange, University of Chicago. -The dues for Membership in either one of the Associations named above, including sub­scriptions to the University of Chicago Magazine, are $2.00 per year. A holder of two or moredegrees from the University of Chicago may be a member of more than one Association insuch instances the dues are divided and shared equally by the Associations involved.CLASS SECRET ARIES-CLUB OFFICERSCLASS . SECRETARIES'09 Mary E. Courtenay, 1588 E. Marquette Rd.'10. Bradford Gill, 175 W. Jackson Blvd.'11. William H. Kuh, 2001 Elston Ave.'12. Harriet Murphy, 4830 Grand Blvd.'13. James A. Donovan, 209 S. La Salle St.'14. W. Ogden Coleman, 2219 S. Halsted St.'15. Mrs. Phyllis Fay Horton, 1229 E. 56th St.'16. Mrs. Dorothy D. Cummings, 7214 Yates Ave.'17. Lyndon H. Lesch, 230 S. Clark St.'18. Barbara Miller, 5520 Woodlawn Ave.'19. Mrs. Carroll Mason Russell, 5202 Woodlawn.'20. Mrs. Theresa Rothermel, 1222 E. 52nd St.'21. Katherine Clark, 5724 Kimbark Ave.'22. Mina Morrison, 5600 Dorchester Ave,'23. Egil Krogh (Tn!as.), 5312 Ellis Ave.All addresses are in Chicago unless otherwise stated.OFFICERS OF UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO CLUBSClub). Sec. Charles H. Loomis, Merch­ant's Loan & Trust Co.: St. Paul.New York, N. Y. (Alumni Club). Sec.,Lawrence J. MacGregor, care Halsey,Stuart & Co., 14 Wall St.New York Alumnae Club, Sec., Mrs. LoisSutherland Spear, 2683 Morris Ave., NewYork City.Omaha (Nebraska Club). Sec., Juliette Grif­. fin, South High School.Peoria, 111. Sec., Anna]. LeFevre, BradleyPolytechnic Institute. .Philadelphia, Pa. Pres., W. Henry Elfreth,21 S. Twelfth St. .Pittsburgh, Pa. Sec., Rheinhardt Thiessen,U. S. Bureau of Mines.Portland, Ore., Pres., Frank L. Griffin,2074 Reed College.St. Louis, Mo. Pres., Bernard MacDonald,112 So. Main St.Salt Lake City, Utah. Pres., W. H .. Leary,625 Kearns Bldg.San Francisco, Cal. (N orthern CaliforniaClub.) Sec., William H. Bryan, 406 Mont­gomery St.Seattle, Wash. Pres., Robert F. Sandall,612 Alaska Bldg.Sioux City, Ia. Sec., Dan H. Brown, 801Moore, Rol- Jones St.South Dakota. ..Sec., Anna Fastenau, SiouxFalls, S. D.Tri Cities (Davenport; Ia., Rock Island andMoline, IlL). Sec., Miss Ella Preston,1322 E. 12th St., Davenport.Tucson, Arizona. Sec., Mrs. Chester F. Lay,University of Arizona.First Judi- Vermont. Pres., Ernest G. Ham, Brandon,Vt.Virginia. Pres, F. B. Fitzpatrick, EastRadford, Va. .Washington D. C. Sec., Bertha Henderson,No. 1 Heskett St., Chevy Chase, Md.West Suburban Alumnae (Branch of Chi­cago Alumnae Club). Chairman, Mrs.V. M. Huntington, 233 Ashland Ave.,River Forest, Ill.Wichita, Kan. Pres., Benjamin Truesdell.412 N. Emporia Ave. .FOREIGN REPRESENTATIVESManila, P. 1. Sec., Dr. Luis P. Uychutin,University of Philippines.Shanghai, China. Sec., Victor Hanson,Shanghai College.Tokyo, Japan. h... W. Clement, First HighSchoel.98.'94.'95.'96.'97.'98.'99.'00.'01.'02.'03'04.'05.'06.'07.'08. Herman von Hol!t, 72 W. Adams St.Horace G. Lozier, 175 W. Jackson Blvd.Charlotte Foye, 5602 Kenwood Ave.Harry W. Stone, 10 S. La Salle St.Scott Brown, 208 S. La Salle St.John F. Hagey, First National Bank.Josephine T. Allin, 4805 Dorchester Ave.Mrs. Davida Harper Eaton, 5744 Kimbark Ave.Marian Fairman, 4744 Kenwood Ave.Mrs. Ethel Remick McDowell, 1440 E. 66th PI.Agness J. Kaufman, Lewis Institute.Mrs. Ida C. Merriam, 1164 E. 54th PI.Clara H. Taylor, 5838 Indiana Ave.Herbert I. Markham, N. Y. Life Bldg.Helen Norris, 72 W. Adams St.Wellington D .. J ones, University of Chicago.Atlanta and Decatur, Ga. (Georgia Club).Pres., M. H. Dewey, Emory University,Oxford.Boise Valley, Idaho. Sec., Mrs. J. P. Pope,702 Brumback St., Boise.Boston (Massachusetts Club). Sec., Mrs.Pauline L. Lehrburger, 88 Browne St.,Brookline.Cedar Falls and Waterloo (Iowa). Sec.,Alison E. Aitchison, Iowa State TeachersCollege, Cedar Falls, la.Chicago Alumni Club. Sec., William H. Ly­man, 5 N. LaSalle St.Chicago Alumnae Club. Sec., Mrs. FredHuebenthal, 4119 Washington Blvd.Cincinnati, O. Sec., E. L. Talbert, Univer­sity of Cincinnati.Cleveland, O. Sec., Nell C. Henry,East 107th St.Columbus, O. Sec., Mrs. T. G. Phillips., 1486Hunter Ave.Connecticut. Sec., Florence McCormick,Connecticut Agr. Exp. Station, NewHaven.Dallas, Tex. Sec., Rhoda Pfeiffer Hammill,1417 American Exchange Bank Bldg.Denver (Colorado Club). Pres., FrederickSass, 919 Foster Bldg.Des Moines, Ia. Sec., Hazellelins Hosiery Mills.Detroit, Mich. Sec., Lester H. Rich, 1354Broadway. .Emporia, Kan. Pres., Pelagius Williams,State Normal School.Grand Forks, N. D. Sec., H. C. Trimble,University of North Dakota.Honolulu, T. H. H. R. Jordan,cia! Circuit.Indianapolis, Ind. Sec., Mabel Washburn,1·:1:15 B roadway.Iowa City, la. Sec., Olive Kay Martin,State University of Iowa.Kansas City, Mo. Sec., Florence Bradley,4113 Walnut Street.Lansing, Mich. (Central Michigan Club).Sec., Stanley E. Crowe, Mich. Agr. College.Lawrence, Kan. Pres., Professor A. T.Walker, University of Kansas.Los Angeles, Cal. (Southern CaliforniaClub). Sec., Miss Eva M. Jessup, 232West Ave., 53.Louisville, . Ky. George T. Ragsdale, 1483So. Fourth St.Milwaukee, Wis. Sec., William Shirley, 912Railway Exchange Bldg.Minneapolis-St. Paul, Min!l' (Twin Cities 123124 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEGargoyle'S on Hull GateThis picture gives an interesting detail of the architecture at theUniversity-the gargoyles on Hull Gate. Many visitors have commentedon this unique medieval feature of some of the University buildings. Thedramatic club, reorganized last year, has taken as its name "The Gar­goyles."U n i v e r si t y 0 f Chi c agoMagazineTheVOL. XVI No.4FEBRUARY, 1924�EVENTSAround the first of February two letterswere mailed to the Alumni-an informalletter by Professor JamesWeber ("Teddy") Linn, '97,telling of developments on theQuadrangles, and a letter ofgreetings from President Burton to theAlumni, serving also as an "introduction" toMr. Linn's account of University and stu­dent affairs. Both letters, reprinted in thisnumber of the Magazine, we are sure willmeet with happy reception by all of our"Chicago folks" and receive that close at­tention which communications from theUniversity deserve. They are, indeed, theforerunners of a contemplated plan of corn­munications to Alumni which will be mailedout from time to time.For several years there has grown up afeeling, both at the University and amongthe Alumni, that it should be the policy ofChicago, as it is the policy at most all ofthe larger universities of the country, to di­rectly inform the Alumni of important de­velopments and needs of the institution. Abig step in this direction was taken in 1921when the booklet, "The University of Chi­cago in 1921," was mailed to some fifteenthousand Alumni then on the records. Presi­dent Burton, however, is strongly in favorof something more than an occasional' com­munication every two or three years or so,and has set about to establish some planwhereby direct communications with theAlumni would be considerably more fre­quent. The present letters, therefore, rep­resent the first communications in a rathercomprehensive plan of contact with theAlumni.Such contact, we are certain, will be wel­comed by all of our graduates and formerLetters toAlumni students .. There is no alumnus but what attimes finds himself sincerely eager to knowwhat is going on "back at the old school==­but what receives with deep and respectfulinterest a letter or report from the Presidentor a communication from some other lead­ing figure at the University. He knowsthen that, though he may be gone, he is notforgotten. He appreciates this real evidenceof confidence in his interest in Alma Mater,and, fully apprised of the situation, is themore eager to do what he can to further theadvancement of his University. No presi­dent of any university in the country ap­preciates more keenly than does PresidentBurton the desirability of "personal contacts"at a large institution-personal contacts be­tween students and faculty, between facultyand administrative forces, between the U ni­versity and the Alumni. The plan of alumnicontact now being inaugurated is a part ofhis broad "human" policy-a contribution tothe life, activities and relationships of theUniversity which, of itself, will mark Presi­dent Burton's administration as one of themost effective in the history of Chicago.* * *The announcement last month of the ap-pointment of Dean James H. Tufts as VicePresident of the University onTwo Vice the educational side, and of thePresidents return of Mr. Trevor Arnett, '98,to serve as Vice President onthe business side, has met with enthusiasticresponse among all interested in the prog­ress of the University. Mr. Arnett, formerlyAuditor of the University for many years,and for the last four years a Secretary ofthe General Education Board at New YorkCity, returns to his Alma Mater to takecharge of the business affairs upon the re-125THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtirement of Business Manager WallaceHeckman next June. It was truly a greatstroke to obtain his services for Chicago atthis time of many impending and funda­mental developments. It is the plan of theMagazine to present. these administrativechanges more fully in a later number. Atthis time, however, we congratulate the Uni­versity on securing an increased measureof service from Dean Tufts and the serv­ices of Mr: Arnett. Likewise we congratu­late Dean Tufts and Mr. Arnett on theirappointment and on the opportunities be­fore them. On behalf of the Alumni weextend to Mr. Arnett our hearty welcomeon his return to the Quadrangles and ourbest wishes for a great administration!* * *In this number appears a very enlighteningarticle by Mr. Walter A. Payne, '96, formany years Recorder and Ex­Selective aminer at the University, on theAdmission widely discussed, but often mis-understood, plan of "selectiveadmission" to the Colleges of the University.It will probably come as a surprise to mostAlumni to learn that, according to the rec­ords, over 12 per cent of the freshmen aredismissed or, for various reasons, drop outbefore the end of the freshman year. Over'26 per cent of last year's freshmen class,furthermore, proved sufficiently unsa tisfac­tory to require some measures of discip­linary action. Chicago properly seeks tomaintain a high standard of scholarship anddeportment among the students; but cer­tainly the standard is not such as in anyway to prevent a freshman with good pre­paratory equipment, acceptable character,and a reasonable degree of serious purpose,from completing successfully all the coursesoffered. Obviously, the failure of over one­fourth of the freshmen to come up to rea­sonable undergraduate requirements mustbe due either to lack of satisfactory previoustraining or to lack of personal qualities thatan average student should have for success­ful pursuit of studies in a college-and ina few. cases, to both.The exceptionally rapid increase in at­tendance at all universities and collegesthroughout the country in the last few yearshas brought practically all such institutionsface to face with a fundamental decision.Either the doors should be left open as"freely" as formerly, and some attempt madeto. accommodate all students seeking collegeentrance, or some still higher, practicalstandard must be adopted which only offersentrance to those who, on the basis of properpreparatory training and general character,seem most likely to enter college with abetter promise of satisfactorily completinga four-year course.The first choice would compel a great in­crease in equipment-buildings, libraries,laboratories-and in teaching force. Since funds for such unprecedented expansion andadjustment are not readily forthcoming, mostuniversities, particularly the private institu­tions, must turn to the alternative of limita­tion of numbers. Such limitations, naturally,must be applied first -to the freshman class.In his annual report recently sent to theHarvard alumni. President Lowell says:"The idea of limiting the number of stu­dents in the College is not agreeable, andno one would propose it as a finality, orsuggest that there 'is here some permanentsize of maximum usefulness; but for a timethe conditions of the teaching staff andequipment may render it impossible to dofull justice to more than a definite numberof students. That is 'in fact our situationtoday, as it is also at Yale, Princeton, Dart­mouth and other colleges which have set alimit to the number of their students."At Chicago, as the report herein shows,the Committee "makes no recommendationsat this time with reference to limitation ofnumbers." But pressing circumstances andexperience certainly justify some plan ofselection that will more effectively reservecollege education for those best fitted.Since, then, a "selection" of students is tolarge extent necessary, some logical basis forexclusion and admission must be worked out.When a large percentage of freshmen, asexperience shows, enter with but little morethan a vague idea that. they would like"college atmosphere," and do little more thanovercrowd the halls and class rooms for afew uncomfortable and unprofitable months,some rational method of excluding that typeof freshman must be adopted. Mr. Payne'sarticle explains what the faculties at Chi­cago, after an exhaustive study, have de­cided upon. The basis of "selection" is abroad one. It should result, in the main,in keeping out applicants who obviously areunfit at the start, while at the same timeallowing the other applicants full opportunityto enter and creating more effective condi­tions under which their education is to beacquired. I .. I* * *Reunion is already "on the way." JamesA. ("Jimmy") Donovan, '13, has been ap­pointed Reunion Chairman andReunion he is now organizing his com-mittees. Plans are being pre­pared for a characteristic successful Chicagoassembly early in June, at the special eventsand .on Alumni Day. Anniversary classesshould begin work very soon on a programthat will truly "meet all requirements." Asthe plans mature, definite announcementswill be made in the Magazine and throughthe mails. But the main point just now is:You know that Reunion is "on the calendar"-so keep it well in mind, please, and "whenthe time comes" you come IALUMNI AFFAIRSALUMNIChicago-Michigan Alumni LuncheonOne of the most successful alumni gather­ings held in recent years was the jointChicago-Michigan luncheon held at the Ham­ilton Club on February 4th. The luncheonwas held under the auspices of the ChicagoAlumni Club and the University of MichiganAlumni Club of Chicago. This meetingoriginated with the Michigan Alumni who,during the last few months, have held similarjoint meetings with Wisconsin and North­western alumni clubs.Over two hundred attended, with the Chi­cago alumni slightly in preponderance. Mr.Homer E. Tinsman, president of the Mich­igan Club, presided, assisted by Howell W.Murray, '14, president of the Chicago Club.Among the guests was the ChicagoBasketball team, which was to play Michi­gan at Bartlett Gymnasium the followingSaturday. Coach "Nels" Norgren, '14, one ofthe speakers, discussed basketball as a game,and then introduced the members of theChicago team.The principal speakers were Coach Staggand Judge Walter ("Wallie") Steffen, '10,J. D. '12. Both speakers ably expressed thesentiments of the gathering in heartily en­dorsing and .pointing out the great desira­bility and real need for such joint gatheringsof alumni of "rival" universities. Mr. Staggstated that the main reason why Michiganwas not on Chicago's football schedule atpresent is the effort being made to preventany needless and unwonted feelings arising,at a time when harmonious and ideal athleticrelations are being built up in the WesternConference. The fine spirit prevailing at thismeeting promised well for future joint gath­erings and helpful athletic and alumnirelations.New York Alumni Club PlansA letter from Lawrence J. MacGregor, '16,secretary of the University of ChicagoAlumni Club of New York City, tells, amongother things, of plans for club meetings inthe coming months. On March 21st therewill be a Western Conference Alumni Din­ner, at which the club is planning to have avery large Chicago delegation present. Mr.Stagg is expected to be one of the speakerson this occasion. Tentative announcementsthat one or two members of the Faculty willbe in New York City during the springmonths have led to plans for a special Chi­cago meeting, if arrangements can be made.This Chicago meeting may be a joint meet­ing between the New York Alumni andNew York Alumnae clubs. 127AFFAIRSMiss Reynolds Addresses New YorkAlumnae-New Club OfficersOn Saturday, December 8, the Universityof Chicago Alumnae Club of New York Citymet, for the annual meeting of the Club, fortea at the Women's University Club, 106East 52nd Street, New York City.About fifty of the "Old Girls" were pres­_ ent. I believe that in men's colleges everygraduate of one year's maturity is an "OldBoy"-hence we claim masculine privileges.After a brief business meeting at whichofficers were elected for the succeeding year,our guest of honor for the afternoon, MissMyra Reynolds, Ph. D. '95, former head ofFoster Hall and Professor of English, gaveone of her charmingly characteristic littletalks, brimming with the happiness which isher aura, and which she sheds upon all withwhom she comes in contact., We al] feltthat the world was a much better place toinhabit after Miss Reynolds had allowed usto 1001<1 through her rose-colored windowsupon it, for a few moments.The officers elected for 1923-1924 are asfollows:President, Helene Pollak Gans, '14.Vice-President, Glenrose Bell Caraway, '97.Secretary - Treasurer, Lois SutherlandSpear, '15.Executive Committee: Harriet FurnissFernald, '10; Caroline G. Howe, '19; Eliza­beth Euphrosne Langley, ex.The meeting was one of the most enjoy­able gatherings the New York Alumnae havethus far held. As a result of Miss Reynolds'talk we all drank tea and gossiped in exub­erant moods, and finally said good-bye to oneanother with the conviction that there was noplace like the' old U. of C. and no group ofgraduates quite like ourselves.Glenrose Bell Caraway, '97,Chairman pro tern;Helene Pollak Gans, '14,Secretary.Tucson Club Meeting-New OfficersAt a recent meeting of the University ofChicago Alumni Club of Tucson, Arizona,new officers were elected for the comingyear and a Chicago "get together" was en­joyed. The Club, which was organized lastyear, now numbers over thirty members.The officers elected are: Professor James G.Brown, '16. S. M. '17, of the University ofArizona, department of Plant Pathology,President: and Mrs. Chester F. Lay, ex.,wife of Chester F. Lay, A. M. '23, AssistantProfessor at the University of Arizona, Sec­retary. New arrivals in the Club include128 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEErnest Anderson, Ph. D. '09, Harold D.Clayberg, S. M. '14, Ph. D. '17, Dean AnnaCooper. ex, Ansel Francis Hemenway, Ph.D. '12, and Howard Severance, ex.�all newmembers of the faculty of t.he University ofArizona. In its second year the Tucson Clubis making noteworthy progress.Miss Blunt Addresses Home EconomicsAlumnae at New Or leansUniversity of Chicago home economicsalumnae met at a luncheon in New Orleanson January 1, the occasion being the meet­ing of the American Home Economics As­sociation. Mrs. Alice P. Norton, formerlyin charge of the work in the School of Edu­cation, spoke on the early days of the De­partment and, Dr. Katherine Blunt, the pres­ent chairman, spoke on today's developments.Among the forty women at the luncheonwere Dr. Louise Stanley, Ed. B. '06, chiefof the' new Bureau of Home Economics,Adelaide Baylor, Ph. B. '98, in charge ofhome economics in the Federal Board forVocational Education, and Emiline Whit­comb, Home Economics Specialist, U. S.Bureau of Education, the three women oc­cupying . the leading administrative positionsin home economics in the government ser­vice at Washington.Portland Club Meeting-Elect OfficersThe annual meeting of the University ofChicago Alumni Club of Portland, Oregon,was held on Thursday, December 27th. ThePortland alumni gathered for this annualbanquet and the election of officers at theBenson Hotel.Virgil A. Crum, J.D. '08, the retiring pres­ident of the club, acted as toastmaster. Thespeakers were Frank L. Griffin, '0'3, Ph.D.'06, of Reed College, Dr. A. A. Knowlton, ofReed College, Judge George Rossman, J.D.'10, Dr. Eric East, Miss Statira Biggs, ex­Law, and Perry J. Long. The program wasone of the most interesting ever given bythe Club, the speakers dwelling on variousmatters of educational and civic interest.In the elections which were held at thismeeting, the following club officers wereelected: President, Frank L. Griffin, '03,Ph.D. '06; Vice-President, Miss StatiraBiggs, ex-Law; Secretary, Miss Jessie Short,ex; Treasurer, William L. Verry, '02; Exec­utive Committee: F. F. Ball, ex, Mrs. Ed­ward Clark (Ferne Gildersleve) '16, andJ. H. Stockman, J.D. '11.'The Portland Club promises to developinto one of our most active alumni organi­zations.Milwaukee Alumni Club MeetingThe University of Chicago Club of Mil­waukee held a meeting on Friday, January11th, on the occasion of the visit of theSwimming Team of the University to theMilwaukee Athletic Club. The meetingstarted with a dinner at the Milwaukee Athletic Club, at which Mr. Frank H. Lind­say of Milwaukee, recently elected a trus­tee of the University, and Coach White ofthe Swimming Team were the guests ofhonor and speakers.The members of the Club, after the din­ner, attended the annual swimming meetand water-basketball game between theUniversity teams and the Milwaukee A. C.teams. Milwaukee won the meet, and Chi­cago won the water basketball game. Threealumni of the University of Chicago are onthe Milwaukee team. The club programwas in charge of William M. Shirley, Jr., '16,Secretary of the Alumni Club.About the Southern California ClubLos Angeles, Cal.January 28, 1924.The past year has been a very successfulone for the alumni association of SouthernCalifornia. As you know, we have had con­tinual meetings. from time to time wheneverthe situation justified it. It is now approach­ing the time when we shall have our annualmeeting and election of officers and it wouldbe a great help if some famous member ofthe staff of the University were going tobe in California during the coming monthor six weeks, if you would let me have someinformation as to the best time to hold thisannual meeting.With best regards to you and any of thepeople whom I may know on the campus,I am Cordially yours,D. W. Ferguson, 'OQ,President.Seattle Alumni Club AffairsA letter from Robert F. Sandall, ex, Pres­ident of our Seattle Alumni Club, advisesthat this club is planning a meeting sometime in March, with Professor John M.Coulter as guest of honor and speaker,when Dr. Coulter returns from his presentlecture trip in the Orient. The club heldtwo splendid meetings, one last summer andone in the fall, and was active in having aChicago representation at the annual CollegeNight assembly held by the Alumni Asso­ciation of the University of Washington,A report of this assembly, by the Washing­ton Alumnus) appears in this number of theMagazine.Alumnae Prominent in College Club PlayA number of Chicago alumnae are prom­inently active in the dramatic programs ofthe College Club of Chicago. In Januarythe play "Queen Victoria," by WalterPritchard Eaton and David Carb, was readby the club members. The alumnae whotook part in this reading are, Bertha Iles,ex-'06, Mrs. Howard Lane. '08, Agnes Kauf­man, '03, Eleanor Hall, '08, Helen Norris,'07, and Genevieve Forbes, A. M. '18. Jos­ephine T. Allin, '99, had charge of the pro­gram.ALUMNI AFFAIRSSecond Quarterly Alumni Council MeetingThe second regular quarterly meeting ofthe Alumni Council for 1923-1924 was held111 the Alumni Office, Cobb Hall, on Wednes­day, January 23rd. The meeting was calledto order at. 8 :10 p. m., with the followingdelegates present; Charles F. Axelson, chair­man; Donald P. Bean, Raymond J. Daly,Jam�s A. Donovan, Henry G. Gale, MarthaN adine Hall, John A. Logan Rollo L Ly­man, William H. Lyman, Charles F.' Mc­Elro�, Mrs. Margaret M. MacPherson HelenNorns, Edgar J. Phillips, Paul S. Russell,Herber.t E. Slaught, Henry D. Sulcer, HaroldH. SWIft, and A. G. Pierrot, secretary-treas­urer.Financial reports for the first quarter ofthe current year were presented reviewedand adopted. William H. Lyman' chairmanof the Auditing Committee, report�d that thebooks of the Alumni Council for the yearJust closed had been audited and were cor­rect.The Council extended to Chairman Axel­son congratulations on his recent appoint­ment as a Trustee of the University. Mr.Axelson thanked the Council for this expres­sion of appreciation and assured them thathe would seek to fully merit his appoint­ment by services to the University.Quarterly reports were made by the chair­men of the standing committees, by the Chi­cago clubs, and by the Associations. MarthaNadine Hall, '17, was appointed chairmanof the Class Organizations Committee. Atentative plan was presented by Henry D,.Sulcer, chairman of the Alumni Clubs Com­mittee, for arranging a series of public lec­tures on the New Testament Translationby Professor Edgar ]. Goodspeed, D.E. '97,Ph.D. '98, in connection with such alumniclubs as would be able to cooperate effec­tively. A sum of $500.00 for this purpose,from the Alumni Fund income, was voted,provisional upon further financial cooperationfrom the University and the UniversityPress.Attention was called by Dr. H. E. Slaught,chairman of a special committee on AlumniOffice Equipment, to the installation underprogress in the Alumni Office of completeaddressograph and other records equipment.This equipment will enable the University,the various Departments, and the' AlumniAssociation to handle mailing matters morethoroughly and with far greater ease andefficiency.Chairman Axelson introduced James A.Donovan, '13, who had been appointedChairman of the June Reunion. Mr. Dono­van expressed his willingness to be of ser­vice and assured the Council that he wouldmake every effort to have the coming Re­union fully measure up to the standards ofour past June gatherings. He has alreadybegun to organize his special committees.After some discussion of alterations in theusual program, the matter was left with 129Chairman Donovan for a final report at theApril meeting of the Council.A letter from Mr. Lees Ballinger '02,which was printed in the Magazine for j anu­ary, urging the inauguration of a generalAlumni Endowment Fund was read and dis­cussed. The whole matter of alumni con­tributions to the University has for somemonths been under consideration. Whateverprogram is adopted will be announced later.A letter from John W. Thomas, President ofthe Reynolds Club Council, asking the ad­vice of the Alumni Council on a desirabledisposition of a sum of $11,325.15, which hadaccumulated under the old Reynolds Club,was read. The Alumni Council recom­mended that this sum be turned over to theUniversity as an endowment fund for men'sclub activities at the University.After further general discussion: of alumniaffairs, the meeting adjourned at 10 :40 p. m.Cleveland Alumnae ActivitiesOur last meeting held at the Women'sCity Club was the largest in our history.There were 30 present, 2'5 members withfive guests .. One of the latter, M'iss FlorenceLaGauke of the Plain dealer, spoke to us onthe "Well-dressed Woman." She and hersubject were the reasons for the large attend­ance. She is of the opinion that a womanto be well-dressed must be appropriately,becomingly, correctly, distinctively and eco­nomically clothed. She enlarged on . thesefive adverts, the a-b-c's of good dressing, ina delightful manner.We hope to have even more of a crowdFebruary 9th to hear Eveline Phillips Camp­bell give one of her readings.Very sincerely yours,Mrs. F. C. Loweth (Alice Lee) '11.Secretary.College Night at the University of Wash­ington, Seattle=-Chlcago Takes Part(From the Washington Alumnus)"Hundreds, yes, two thousand or more al­umni from colleges all over the land. Grayhaired, baldheaded "old boys" young again,with their chests sticking out (though per­haps in some cases they were a little lowerthan their natural location), men who usedto hit the line and do the hundred yarddash puffing a little bit from their exer­tions in giving the old college yells-butboys again!"These alumni of other colleges came tothe Washington campus as guests of Wash­ington alumni. Down to the mammotharmory they went and filled it full. Sowith the girls, students of other days andother colleges, perhaps not so slight as ofold but for the evening young again asthey went up to the gymnasium and filledit full as guests of the Washington alumnae."What was the program and the enter-(Continued on page 156)130 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE+a_aa-III--U_ ... _ •• _ •• _An_ua_UA_ •• _ •• '_ •• _al_ •• _UI_al_ •• _."_U.- •• -.a-a.- •• -aa- •• - •• - •• -.a- . ._. ... tI Selective Admission II ANew Plan of Admission to the Colleges of I. The University of ChicagoI Walter A. Payne, '96, Recorder and Examiner !+- .. - .. -011- •• - •• -.0-00- •• -011-- •• -011- •• -1111-.11-".-1.- •• -0.-IIII- •• - •• - •• - •• -OII-IIA_II._IIII_U._O._ •• _....jThe rapid growth 'in the number of stu­dents seeking admission to colleges in recentyears has presented a problem which, whileapparent to the administrative officers andthe faculties of the colleges, is yet awaitinga satisfactory s'olution.' The resources ofthe institutions, material and instructional,have not kept pace with the growth in thestudent body.Furthermore, a study made of the recordsof 57,891 freshmen admitted to 107 standardcolleges and universities in the year 1920-21reveals that 18,570, or 32 per cent of thesestudents, remained one year or less in theinstitutions which they entered as freshmen.In the absence of accurate data showingthe number of these students who withdrewfrom college with satisfactory records forthe purpose of entering elsewhere or forother good reasons, it was estimated that 20per cent, or 11,578, were "lost on account ofpartial or absolute failure in studies."Of the freshman students admitted to theUniversity of Chicago in the year 1922'-23,approximately 12.2 per cent were dismissedduring or at the end of the first year oftheir work; 1.5 per cent withdrew while onprobation; an additional 13.2 per cent werestill on probation at the end of their fresh­man year on account of unsatisfactoy work.Thus the records of 26.9 per cent of thefreshmen class were sufficiently unsatisfac­tory to result in. disciplinary action.It is clear from the· above that the prob­lem of admission of students and the instruc­tion given them in the freshman year is onecalling- for most thoughful and serious con­sideration.Accordingly, on request of the faculties,the President of the University appointed, inFebruary, 1923, a committee, representing thedifferent colleges of the University, to studythe problem of admission to the colleges,and to report to the faculties requisite ad­ministrative details for carrying into effectthe principle of "Selective Admission andSelective Retention of Students." This com­mittee, after months of study, involvingfrequent conferences with heads of depart­ments and other members of the facultiesof the University, with principals of co­operating secondary schools, a canvass ofthe methods of admission followed in otherinstitutions, and the history of admissions'in the University of Chicago and the sub­sequent standing of groups of students overa period of five years, reported in substanceas follows on. the question of selective ad­mission: A. It makes no recommendation at thistime with reference to limitation ofnumbers.B. It has acquired no confidence that an-ymachinery can be set up in the formof regulations, tests, and personalitymeasurements or estimates which willautomatically yield the results whichthe faculties desire.C. It recommends:1. That beginning with the autumnquarter, . 1924, admission to thecolleges be based upon the follow­ing requirements:1. Scholastic Record: The presentregulations, defining the qualitativeand quantitative requirements insecondary school subjects, as givenin University official publications.2. Character and Promise: Satisfac­tory evidence of adequate men­tality, seriousness of purpose, in­tellectual interests and attainments,intellectual promise, and such per­sonal characteristics as will makethe candidate a desirable memberof the college community.3. Health Record: An acceptablehealth certificate. All admissioncertificates are tentative,. pendingreport of medical examination bythe University Health Officer.The intent is that selection shall bemade op the evidence as a whole,and no]. merely upon the, fulfill­ment of formal details of require­ments.II. That the administration be re­quested to provide for the co-or­dination of the following func­tions:1. Co - operation with secondaryschools, in such manner as toestablish intimate relations withthem ..2. The admission of students.3. The study of admission problemsby officers of instruction and ad­ministration.III. That the procedure of selectiveadmission be inaugurated sub­stantially as follows:I. Preliminary papersa. Time of submission..Preliminary papers. are filed in' theUniversity Examiner's office atleast six months before the. dateon which admission to the Uni-SELECTIVE ADMISSIONversity is sought. Later applica­tions may be entertained by theUniversity Examiner provided spe­cial reasons satisfactory to himare shown to exist.b. Data required1. From school authorities:(a.) Complete scholastic record tothe date of application.(b.) Evidence of personal quali­ties: Such ratings fromschool files and records as areavailable.(c.) Psychological test score whenavailable.(d.) Appraisal by teachers whoknow the candidate well.(e.) Appraisal by the principal.2. From the applicant for admission:Personal history.3. From the family physician: Reportto the University Health Officer.Note: Additional information maybe required by the· UniversityExaminer or may be submitted bythe applicant.2.' Final certificatesa. A certificate of graduation from anapproved secondary school accom­panied by the. scholastic record forthe 'period of school attendance notcovered by the preliminary reportis filed with the University Ex­ammer at least ten days beforethe date on which admission issought.b. A certificate of examination andapproval issued by the UniversityHealth Officer is filed with theUniversity Examiner.. For the purpose of securing the informa­tion called for under the headings "Characterand Promise" and ((H ealth .Record" . thecommittee has prepared forms to· be filledout by the student, the school authorities,and the family physician.It should be observed that an importantfeature of the new system is that "prelim­mary papers are filed in the UniversityExaminer's office at least six months beforethe date on which admission to the Univer­sity is sought." On the basis of these pre­liminary papers a provisional report will bemade. to the applicant by the UniversityExaminer, to be followed by final reportwhen all papers are in.The report of this committee was adoptedby unanimous vote at a joint meeting ofthe Faculties of the Colleges of Arts, Litera­ture, and Science, Education, and Commerceand Administration October 30, 1923, andapproved by the University Senate Novem­ber 17.Those who have made a study of the prob­lem believe that the carrying out of thisplan in the spirit in which it was achievedwill produce a superior student body, not byreduction in numbers but by the selection 131of students on the basis of qualities con­forming to the methods and purposes of theColleges of the University. The use of theinformation obtainable from the applicants,the schools, and other sources, should resultin fewer failures and a general improvementof the student body since each student willthen be advised according to his individualcharacteristics, qualities, and interests, so faras they are consistent with University policy.If the college is to make the largest pos­sible contribution to each of its members, astudent of seriousness of purpose and excep­tional intellectual interests and attainmentsshould not have to be discovered anew eachtime he transfers from one school to another.Information obtained will be even morevaluable in directing good and superior 'pupilsthan in the process of selective admissionwhich may result in the exclusion of thosewho show least promise of ability to profitby the opportunities presented in the Col­leges of the University.+11_IIII_an_lIn_IIU_IIR_IIII_IIII_IIn_IIII_KH_lln_IIH_flH";"'U+I �I Second Annual Western Inter-]! Collegiate Glee Club Contest �,+,._IIII_IIII_IIII_IIU_I&I_IIII_IIO_III_IIII_UII_III_uo_ua_a+. The second annual Western Intercolle­giate Glee Club Contest will be held at Or­chestra Hall on Monday, February 18th, at8 p.' m. Fourteen universities and collegesof the middle-west will be represented, witha total of 350 college singers. In the con­test between the large universities, the fol­lowing institutions will be represented:Chicago, Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, N orth­western, Purdue, and Wisconsin. The smal­ler institutions competing are: ArmourInstitute, Milikin University, and Beloit,Grinnell, Knox, Lake Forest, and Wabashcolleges. The alumni clubs of the various in­stitutions are active in supporting theirclubs. Robert W. Stevens, '14, Organist anddirector of the choir at the University, is onthe general committee, and was a leaderin starting this contest in the west.Glee Club contests have been successfullyconducted on the winter programs of theeastern universities and colleges for severalyears. The first contest held in the middlewest last year was exceptionally successfuland was greeted by a crowded house. Fromall indications, the demand for seats at thisyear's contest promises an early "sell out."Chicago alumni desiring tickets may obtainthem from Mr. Stevens, 5521 UniversityAvenue, or at the box office at OrchestraHall. Chicago sold the most seats at lastyear's contest, but the seats this year aregiven out in limited allottments to each in­stitution represented, and those wantingseats should apply for them at once. Chi­cago has a strong Glee Club this year-aclub that should be supported by a full con­tingent of Chicago alumni.132 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE+U_UII_IIR_UU_IIH_IIH_III1_IIII_1I1'_lln_IIII_IIII_11It_1I11_11A-nn-lln-Un-UR-U-UR-JlII-Hn-IIQ-UR-nll-lln-ln-nU-UH- •• +�=: � Chicago Deans � I,,� "They Lead· and Serve" �:= I+ .. 11-1111-1111-1111_1111_1111_1111_1111_1111_1111_1111_1_1111_1111_1111_lln_IIII_UII_UU_HII_IIII_UII_HII_III1_IIII_UII_IIII_UU_UII_1I11-,,+Dean Edith Abbott, Ph.D. '05The most recent school at the Universityof Chicago, organized about three years ago,as our alumni know through the columnsof the Magazine, is the Graduate School ofSocial Service Ad­ministration. A fewweeks ago it : wasannounced that MissEdith Abbott, Ph.D. '05, had been ap­po in ted Dean ofthis new school-anannouncement thatbrought assurancethat this schoolwould maintain thehigh standards thatare notable in allthe schools and col­leges of the U niver­sity.. Edith Abbott wasborn at Grand Is­land, Nebraska, thedaughter of Judge O.A. Abbott, of MayFlower ancestry anda leading member ofthe Nebraska bar,and Mrs. Abbott, ofColonial Quaker an­cestry. After receiv­ing her A. B. at theUniversity of Ne­braska in 1901, MissAbbott taught in theh i g h schools ofGrand Island andLincoln, Nebraska. She became a Fellow inPolitical Economy at the University of Chi­cago, receiving her Ph.D in that field in1905. The University of Nebraska conferred. upon her the honorary degree of Litt.D.in 1917. Soon after receiving her Ph. D. atChicago, Miss Abbott was awarded theEuropean Fellowship of the American Asso­ciation of University Women and studiedat the University of London. During thesame period she did research work at theCarnegie Institution of Washington.For a year, 1907-8, Miss Abbott was in­structor in economics at Wellesley College.For the next twelve years, 1908-1920, shewas Associate Director of the Departmentof Social Investigation : and Staff Lecturerof the Chicago School of Civics and Phil­anthropy. For most of this period, also, she was a lecturer in sociology at the Uni­versity of Chicago. When, in 1920-21, theChicago School of Civics and Philanthropywas taken over into the new Graduate Schoolof . Social Service' Administration, Miss Ab­bott was appointedAssociate Professorof Social Economyin that School.Dean Abbott hashad wide experiencein social work, hav­ing been a residentat 'the College Settle­ment in Boston, theCheltenham Settle­ment in East London,and for twelve yearsat Hull House. In­these settlements shehas served on agreat variety ofcommittees. She .isat present nationalchairman of theLeague of WomenVoters' Committeeon Women in Indus­try, and has been afrequent speaker atthe National Confer­ence for Social Work.Her writings, whichhave appeared in alarge number of pro­fessional and otherjournals and maga­zines, include dis-cussions of womenin industry, the delinquent child, theproblem of truancy and non-attendance, theadministration of aid to mothers, housing,and various aspects of professional educa­tion. She is the author of a new volume onImmigration soon to be published by theUniversity of Chicago Press. Her publica­tions, like her class room work, have beencharacterized by ardent devotion to thehighest standards of scholarship and thor­oughness.The new Graduate School of Social Ser­vice Administration offers Dean Abbott ex­tended scope for her widely experienced andscholarly abilities-while, on the other hand,her nationally recognized abilities and lead­ership will be a most important factor inthe development, standards and service ofthe school.Dean Edith Abbott, Ph. D '05NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES 133NE"WS OF THEQUADRANGLESAn extremely turbulent month marked thebeginning of the Winter quarter. The pres­idents of both the Senior and the Freshmenclasses were forced to resign from theirpositions because of low scholarship, as wellas the president of the Undergraduate Coun­cil. Preparations for the Washington Promand the Fr osh-Soph Prom are under way.Dean Wilkin's "Better Yet" campaign hadits first formal meetings, and all of the com­mittees are working on their different sub­jects. The debating team suffered a seriesof resignations, though the debates withNorthwestern and Michigan were completed.The book for next spring's Blackfriar showwas chosen, while preparations for "Raga­muffin Road." the biennial production ofthe women of the university, are under way.At the beginning of the quarter DeanWilkins signified his intention. in a letterto the Undergraduate Council, of havingclass officers conform to the same rules foreligibility that are applied in all athletics,and other campus activities. The Under­graduate Council, considering his sugges­tion, passed it as a resolution, and requiredthe resignation of John Thomas, presidentof the Senior class, and member of the foot­ball team, and Charles Duval, Freshmanpresident, and captain of the Freshman foot­ball team. Both of them resigned, leavingthree classes without officers, for Frier Mc­Collister of the Junior class had failed toreturn to school for the Winter' quarter.The Council felt that it should appoint twonew presidents for the places of the twoineligible officers, and selected Arthur Codyto take' Thomas' place in the Senior class,and Robert Conley' to become Freshmanpresident. Cody is president of the HonorCommission, was Head of Settlement Nightand Varsity cheerleader, has a position onthe base-ball team, and is a member of Owland Serpent, Senior honorary society. Con­ley won numerals on the Freshman footballteam, and is out for Freshman basket-ball.A president to fill the vacant position inthe .T unior class, which ·has been filled forthe last month by Elsa Allison, vice presi­dent, will be elected by the class duringFebruary.In line with -class reorganization comesthe formation of the Class of 1926 Councilamong the present Sophomore class. Themove is being fostered· by Charles Anderson.class president, who has supplanted the usualclass committees with an executive council,which does a ll of the committee work in amuch more satisfactory manner: At presentthe council is handling the work oJ the Indoor Sports-World's ChampionshipFreshman-Sophomore Prom, and is promot­ing work towards engendering class spirit."The Better Yet" campaign, which wasplanned by Dean Wilkins to promote manysuggested improvements in University stu­dent life, began its work with a dinner inIda Noyes hall. Over one hundred and fiftymembers of twenty-five committees, chosenfrom both the faculty and the undergradu­ates, attended. Dean Wilkins and VicePresident Tufts gave talks. Reports of thework on the committees will be turned inas fast as it is finished, though some of thecommittees came to decisions in one or twomeetings, and have finished their work al­ready.The debating team was rent asunder byinternal dissension. 'Several members re­signed because they complained that theywere receiving improper coaching, and feltthat they could not do their best in theintercollegiate debates. Nevertheless, inspite of these handicaps, the team managedto defeat Northwestern, though they lost to.... Michigan on a dose decision. In the annualtri-angular debates, Chicago, Michigan andNorthwestern, each won one and lost one­hence debating honors are even for 1924.Leaders for the Washington Prom, whichwill be held February 21, Campbell Dickson.Clarence Brickman, N ellye N ewton;: andWinifred King, have completed most· ofthe preparations for' the winter formal,which will be held this year at· the SouthShore Countrv Club. after three consecutiveyears in Ida Noyes Hall gymnasium. Threehundred and twenty-five' tickets have beenallotted this year, most of them to the fra­ternities, though there are some for women,non-fraternity men and, alumni. .(Continued on page 158)134 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHarrison Barnes, '25Guard, Basketball TeamWinter quarter, 1924, is being written intothe history of the University of Chicago asone of the big quarters in the athletic an­nals of the institution. While success hasattended the efforts of the two major sports,track and basketball, the swimmers havealso been chalking up victories to theircredit, while the fencers and wrestlers arepreparing to be hosts to the rest of the BigTen squads toward the end of the quarterwhen the conference swimming and fencingmeets are held.The basketball team, with five victoriesand one defeat to its credit, bids fair to gothrough the season without another loss, inwhich event the conference flag is mostlikely to land in Bartlett trophy room byMarch 31. The cageman, playing Barnes,Dickson, Alyea, Weiss and Duggan havedeveloped into what is probably one of themost finished fives in the Big Ten. Start­ing slowly with defeats at. the hands ofButler and Coach Lambert's Purdue Boiler­makers, the Varsity came back strong inthe Northwestern game, and trounced Indi­ana one week later.I t was in the Wisconsin game, however,where the Maroons ran up a 35-18 score over Meanwell's highly rated Badgers, that Chi­cago showed its real form. The Maroonsdisplayed their superiority from the startand toward the end of the second half madebaskets almost at will.The most exciting game of the year wasthe Chicago-Michigan struggle at BartlettGymnasium, on February 9, which Chicagowon 20-18. Michigan led 9-4 at the half,but Chicago came back powerfully and in agreat finish nosed out a victory. The victorydropped Michigan and put Chicago in firstplace in the conference ratings to date.Dickson, who showed up poorly duringthe first games of the year, largely owing tohis football injuries, has recovered his eyeand can. be counted on for four field goalsan evening, as can Barnes, whose t-rrificspeed enables him to elude even the mostskillful of defense men. Alyea, at center,has been rather unsuccessful in getting thetipoff' in several games, but the ability ofMaroon 'players at getting under an unfavor­able tip has more than made up for thisdeficiency. On offence Alyea has provenhimself a world beater, his long arms enab­ling him to dribble at arm's length beyondthe reach of an oncoming opponent.The Varsity, it seems safe to predict,going at top form, can be counted on foraround thirty points in any game. A teamthat can do this is sure to be a difficult oneto beat. Further, they have solved the mys­teries of the popular pivot game by havinga man ready . to meet the pivoter as heturns, This means much in keeping downopponents' scores.In track, the Maroons have taken themeasure of both Northwestern and Purdueby comfortable margins and have the bestteam in several years, although the chancesfor winning the conference title are admit­tedly slight. Captain Brickman, in the hur­dles, should be able to win his event againstany man in the conference, while "Red"Bourke should be able to win either themile or the two-mile against all comers. Itis doubtful, however, if Bourke can. takeboth events' in the same night .. Shotputtersof merit have developed in John Thomasand Fred Hobscheid. The latter equaled theBartlett record in the Purdue meet and theformer has been outputting him by at leasta foot in practice since the meet. .The swimmers, although suffering severaldefeats at the hands of highpowered athleticclubs, showed up well in the Purdue scrap,which they copped 49-19, and also took thewaterbasketball game 10-0.(Continued on page 158)THE LETTER BOX 13.5rmlWUtulIlIIlIlUlIIlIIlIIllIIlIlIIUHlIlIlIllIllllIUlIIlIlIIlIlIlIllIlIlIlIlIlIHlIlIIlIlIlIlIlIIlIlIIlIIlIIlIIlIIlIl1IIIUlUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIUUIIUIIUDllIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIOIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII"SI � The Letter Box �-I�IHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII"IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIRIII11111111111111111111111111111111111111"11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111II11I11I1I1I1I11I1I11IHfIllIlIllIllIlIUIlUIlUIUlIHIIII.Suggests Yearly Payments to Alumni FundFebruary 3, 1924.My dear Mr. Pierrot:Enclosed you will find check for ten dol­lars, which I believe is the last payment dueon my Life Membership.It has occurred to me that there are prob­ably many who are this year making the lastpayment on their life membership, and Ihave wondered if it would not be a goodplan to make the effort now to arouse senti­ment for each of these continuing a yearlypayment to the Alumni Fund for the Uni­versity.We might not each be able to pay thesame amount every year, but such a planwould be in line with that suggested in theJanuary Magazine. I shall be glad to sendsomething every year and I believe manyothers will also be glad to do so.Very sincerely yours,Mary L. Dougherty, '16.Johns Hopkins University,Baltimore, Maryland.Professor Manly's Gift of BooksMy dear Mr. Pierrot:Perhaps you would like a more detailedstatement for the Alumni magazine of therecent gift from Professor John M. Manly,of the Department 'Of English.In October Professor Manly presented tothe University Libraries 224 volumes dealinglargely with Italian literature and history.There were 102 books printed in the six­teenth century, that is to say, prior toDecember 31, 1599; it contained three booksprinted before January 1, 1501, adding there­fore three new items to the collection of 131Incunabula already in the possession of theUniversity. The three "fifteeners" thusadded are:1. Plinius Caecilius Secundus C. (theyounger Pliny) Panegyricus Troiano.Undated, but probably printed in1482, at Milano, by Antonius Zarotus.2. Carraccioli, Roberto. Quadragesimale.Treviso. 1479. Printed by MicheleManzolo. This is the first book bythis press in the possession of theUniversity, no other copy known to. be in America.3. Valerius Maximus. Dictorum & Facto-rum M emorabilium ,Lvbri. Venice. Undated, but probably printed' in1484, by johannes and Gregorius deGregoriis.The collection contains three Aldines:Pontanus, of 1513; Louis Leroy's DeLa Vicissitudine, of 1592; and GiraldiCintio's Orbecche Traqedia, of 1543.Also Commentaries of PhilippusBeroaldus on Epuleius' Asinus Au­reus. Venice 1501. Printed by Simonde Gabis Bevilaqua.and other notable hooks.An important feature of this generous gift.is the fact that very few books will turn outto be duplicated.Sincerely yours,J. C. M. Hanson,Associate Director,University of Chicago Libraries.Educational Developments .. in ChinaYoung Men's Christian AssociationTsinan, Shantung, ChinaDecember 2, 1923.Dean William S. Gray,School of Education.Dear Dean Gray:A few days ago I met one of the ShantungChristian faculty and he told me that Dr.Coulter of the Botany Department was giv­ing a few lectures at the University thatweek. So I took a morning off and went'Out to the University and heard him. Afterthe lecture I presented my card to him. Hetold me that he was surprised at the numberof Chicago men he was meeting out inChina. But I told him that I still had aclaim on Chicago that few out here have,that of having my Bachelor's as well as myMaster's. And every time I have occasionto refer to my school I am proud to sayChicago.Last month I was the local English Secre­tary for a nation wide School Survey put onby the Chinese Association for the Advance­ment of Education, assisted in part by theChristian Educational Association. TheChinese Society is doing some very finework for Chinese education, being led mostlyby returned students.The last year has seen the adoption of a"New School System", a new plan for theschools based upon the six-six plan, and136 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEwith a new course of study with a largeamount of the social sciences and science.But the teachers cannot handle the material.Then 011 the side of numbers, if every pupilactually in school today, "from the smallestup, should by some miracle become a teacher,then China would barely have enoughteachers to take care of an enrollment equalto a standard near what we have in America.On top of this is the unrest in the govern­ment which affects most of the schools.M'y hope, when on furlough, :is to re-enterChicago for further study. Perhaps myBoard will give me a year or more.Truly,Ralph M. Hogan, '16, A. M. '17.,Educational Secretary.A Correction-Concerning Women ClassPresidentsOffice of the Dean of Women,January 22, 1924.Editor, University of Chicago Magazine.Dear Sir:I note on page 93 of the January num­ber of the Magazine a statement to the ef­fect that the recent choice of Elsa Allisonas president of the Junior Class is the "firsttime in the history of the University thata woman has held the position of class presi­dent." There should be added to this state­ment the phrase "within the memory of thewriter of the article," who is now in hissophomore year!I am sure that the statement will rousesome interest in the minds of many readerswhose memory goes back farther than Mr.Wisener's. I can mention with certaintythat Marion E. Palmer was senior presidentof the class of 1918. I am not sure whetherwe have records which will show the otherinstances of women holding class presiden­cies. If I am able to trace them, I will fur­nish the information to you.• Yours truly,Marion Talbot.Dear Sir:I have had my recollection in regard tothe presidency of the class of 1915 verified.Helen L. Ricketts, now Mrs. A. T. Good­man, 913 Maple Ave., Evanston, Illinois,became president of the class in the WinterQuarter, Senior year.Yours truly,Marion Talbot.Invitations to Big Ten GatheringUnder the auspices" of the Big Ten Clubof Cleveland, there will be a gathering ofalumni delegates from about twelve Big TenClubs at Cleveland on February 15 and 16,to discuss a national Big Ten organization.Invitations to attend this meeting have beenextended to the presidents and alumni secre­taries of all of the I Western Conferenceuniversities. +'I-lIa-na-lIl-an-UI-aa-UII-IIU-AII-nn-nU-"n-MK-II+I' Letters To Alumni I+11_11,lt_UII_lln_,lu_IIU_III1_llu_nll_lIu_ull_UII_UU_IIU_11+[Note: The following letter to the Aumni, by JamesWeber ("Teddy") Linn, '97, accompanied and intro­duced by President Burton's letter of greetings, hasjust recently been mailed to all alumni on. our records.These letters, which we know our alumni will readwith deep and sincere interest, are reprinted in theMagazine, partly to reach alumni who by some chancedid not receive them in the mails, and partly as amatter of record. At all events, they will bear read­ing again.-Editor]President Burton's Greetings With "Teddy"Linn's LetterOffice of the PresidentJanuary 14, 1924.To the Alumni of the University.Dear Friends:It had been my intention at about thistime, myself to send you a letter aboutaffairs at the University. It occurred to me,however, that you might like to see thingsthrough the eyes of one of your own num­ber, who is on the ground, skilled to see,and expert to write. Mr. Linn kindlyresponded to my request that he lend ushis eyes and his pen. The result appearsin the enclosed letter, which I am sure youwill read with interest.To what he has written, may I add myown cordial greeting to you all, and expressmy confident hope that the progress of theUniversity in the near future may justifyyour loyalty and call forth your enthusiasm.Very truly yours,Ernest DeWitt Burton,President.A Letter to the AlumniDear Fellow Alumni:On the last day of December, though thefirst snow storm of the season is whirlingoutside, it looks like a "Happy New Year"for the" University.President Burton, at the commemorativechapel service on October 1, cited the factthat in the academic year 1922·-23 there were12,745 students in attendance. For theAutumn Quarter the registration showed inthe Graduate Schools 995, ProfessionalSchools 1,561, Undergraduates 2,592, Univer­sity College 1,908, a total of 6,747, which isa gain of 415 over the Autumn Quarterof 1922. 1,728 are classified as graduatestudents, and 5,019 as undergraduates.That is one side of it. The convocationstatement in December stressed anotherside-research. The experiments whichHenry Gale, '96, now Dean of the GraduateSchool of Science, says are "designed toascertain whether or not. a beam of lighttraveling .in ,« closed circuit on. the earth'ssurface experiences a drag as a result of theearth's rotation," which a layman takes tomean whether the Einstein theory can beverified, have progressed so satisfactorilythat the final test will be carried out in theLETTERS TO ALUMNI 137spring. Dr. Maximow, working on minute, . and Professor Compton, have begun regularfragments .of living tissue growing outside instruction. Professor Swann is from thethe body, has. been able to create in glass University of Minnesota, and Professorcontainers an exact duplication of typical Compton from Washington University oftuberculosis, which it is thought will consid- St. Louis. I have it on the assurance oferably facilitate further investigation of this Robert Millikan, here for the holidays, thatscourge. These are what might be' called the Department of Physics is now "strongerpopular examples of scores. of research than it ever was," which is saying a greatexperiments that have been and are now deal, but not more than I am able to believe.going on in the University. Forty-seven other appointments have beenIts personnel and administration have been made to the teaching staff of the Universitystrikingly changed. Many of the alumni in the last year, including one particularhave already had an opportunity to meet alumnus of much distinction, Dr. FranklinPresident Burton. -Practically every under- C. McLean, '08, as Professor of Medicinegraduate is definitely and agreeably aware and Chairman of the Committee on the Or­of the presence of the new Dean of the ganization of New Medical Schools, toColleges Ernest Hatch Wilkins. The Ma- whom and to which I next invite your care­roan remarked the day before Thanksgiving, ful attention."The undergraduates have undoubtedly When in 1917 the General Educationmany things to be thankful for, but first Board and the Rockefeller Foundation eachand foremost we would put Dean Wilkins." pledged $1,000,000 to the University for theDoubtless God could have made a harder further endowment of its medical work,worker, but doubtless God never did. AI- these pledges were conditional on the ful­ready, after only three months, he has devel- filment of certain requirements;. Thoseoped undergraduate confidence, and in somecases conviction of sin, that is extraordinary. requirements have now been met, and wit-hillTake one tiny illustration: "Warnings" have . the last sixty days the last of the $5,300:000been sent out for years; it remained for pledged in 1916 has been paid in. With this,Dean Wilkins to institute "congratulations," and the appointment of Dr. McLean, the. notices from' which good students learn that medical plans may be said to be ready fortheir work has been observed and appre- final organization.ciated. Simple, but it has made a lot of Dr. McLean took his B.S. here in 1908,difference. his M.D. from Rush in 1910, his M.S. inOther additions to the administrative per- 1913, and his Ph.D. in 1915. In 1916 he wassonnel include three new Trustees, Robert made Director of the Peking Union MedicalP. Lamont, Edward L. Ryerson, J r., and College, organized in China under the Rock­Charles F. Axelson, '07. Mr. Lamont and efeller Foundation. In 1918 he was a MajorMr. Ryerson are well-known business men in the A. E. F., on medical service. He hasof Chicago; as for Axelson, to our alumni, served on the Faculties of the University,as President Burton remarked in announcing the staff of the Cook County Hospital, thethe appointment, "comment is unnecessary." University of Oregon, the University ofIn order that the hands of the President Gratz, in Austria, and the Rockefeller Insti­may be freer of detail than, unfortunately, tute. In other words, he is acquainted atthey have been in the past, two Vice-Presi- first hand with systems of medical research. dents have been appointed. Professor James everywhere. With the original pledges allH. Tufts will have special responsibility in in hand, and Dr. McLean to take care of theeducational matters; and to assume the organization, the Medical School is "on thesame sort of responsibility in financial mark."matters, Trevor Arnett, '98, formerly Audi- Such is what might be called the officialtor, comes back to us from' the General status of the University. But the officialEducation Board, as both Vice-President status and the chronicle of daily life, thoughand Business. Manager. In' the latter always closely connected, are not identical.position he succeeds Mr. Heckman, who The spirit of Chicago this autumn has beeninsists that he has reached the retiring age, extraordinarily lively. Everyone. has felt it,and has asked to be released not later than from the newest freshman (namely, J aneJune, 1924. Addams Linn, 1927) to the oldest instructorIt has been natural enough for the alumni (namely, me).to expect, as time went on, to have to There have been regrets. Professor Rob-assume an increasing amount of responsi- ert Herrick has resigned, his health demand­bility in connection with the University ad- ing residence elsewhere. Professor Starrministration. They may note, therefore, Cutting and 'Professor Frederick Starr, .whowith considerable interest, that not only the retired .in June, have been sadly missed .. ThePresident of the Board of Trustees is an football team did not quite win a champion­alumnus, that more and more alumni are ship, losing out by one game. But on theappearing on the Board, but 'that· one of whole. there has been a steady satisfactionthe two Vice-Presidents is also -from our in a growing unity, a definite educationalbody. and social ideal. A remarkable instance ofTwo appointees of the past year in the this has been in the development of theDepartment of Physics, Professor Swann (Continued on page 157)138 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEUniversity Memorial Services in Honor ofWoodrow WilsonOn Wednesday, February 6th, at the timeof the funeral services for former PresidentWoodrow Wilson in Washington, the Uni­versity held a Memorial Service in honor ofWoodrow Wilson in Leon Mandel Assem­bly Hall. The service, which was announcedby special announcements sent out by Pres­ident Burton, was held at two-thirty andwas attended by a great crowd which couldnot be fully accommodated in Mandel Hall.The service opened _ with a hymn Ly theUniversity Choir, and the procession of themembers of the Faculties in Cap and Gown.Vice President James H. Tufts presided,and, in the course of his opening statement,said: _"The commanding influence which Wood­row Wilson exercised among and in theworld evinced a strong personality, enlargedand equipped by a knowledge of the world'shistory and the profound thought of theworld's greatest minds. When he spoke heinterpreted and voiced American ideals ofliberty and democracy, but .his words foundresponse from peoples all over the worldbecause he uttered impressively in a greatcrisis the aspirations of humanity itself inits long struggle toward a better socialorder."Three addresses were given. ProfessorCharles E. Merriam, of the Department ofPolitical Science, spoke of Woodrow Wilsonas a political philosopher, a party leader, andan advocate of world democracy; he pro­nounced Wilson the most distinguishedscholar who ever entered the White Houseas President, one of the few great partyleaders in United States history, and "a cen­iury ahead of his time" on world democ­racy. Professor Andrew C. McLaughlin, ofthe Department of History, spoke on theformer President as an internationalist, de­claring him "a genius of principles andideals" and a widely misunderstood discipleof world peace. The Reverend Charles oW.Gilkey, of the Hyde Park Baptist Churchand a member of the Board of Trustees, toldof President Wilson as an idealist, pointingout his greatness in the hours of world dark­ness and trials, and his idealistic characterthat will ensure his lasting honor to pos­terity.Professor Edward Scribner Ames, pastorof .the University' Church of Disciples, wholed in the opening prayer, gave the bene­diction.. The classes and other activities of theUniversity were closed during the afternoonof the service. The New Vice-President and Business Man­ager of the UniversityTwenty years as Auditor of the Universityof Chicago, four years as a secretary of theGeneral Education Board, and six years asa Trustee 'Of the University have peculiarlyqualified Mr. Trevor Arnett. '98, for his newposition as Vice-President and BusinessManager of the University of Chicago. Inthe course of his recent work for the Gen­eral Education Board Mr. Arnett has madeexhaustive studies of many educational insti­tutions and situations, which with his longexperience at the University have made himone of the leading educational experts of thecountry. After prolonged negotiations andthe stronest inducements to remain in NewYork, Mr. Arnett accepted the call of hisalma mater to become Vice-President andBusiness Manager and will enter the serviceof the University of Chicago in the springas soon as he can be released from NewYork.At the urgent request of Director CharlesHubbard Judd, of the School of Education.that the School should have the benefit ofMr. Arnett's unusual knowledge of educa­tional problems, he will have the rank of Pro­fessor of Educational Administration in theDepartment of Education.The coming of Mr. Arnett to the Univer­sity of Chicago is significant as a new depar­ture in University administration, as there isa growing conviction that in universities ingeneral there should be a closer co-ordina­tion between the educational and the businessadministration. The conditions at Chicagoare regarded as especially favorable for anadministration in which all questions ·offinance shall be viewed in the light of inti­mate knowledge of and sympathy with theeducational policies, ideals, and purposes ofthe University. .A New Dean in the CollegesDr. Arthur P. Scott, Associate Professorof History. has been appointed Dean in theColleges, thus further strengthening theforce of ten Deans appointed last October,when Professor Ernest Hatch Wilkins' be­came Dean of the Colleges of Arts, Litera-,ture, and Science. Professor Scott : "is' a­popular teacher, an occasional contributorto well-known magazines, and the authorof An Introduction to the Peace Treaties.He is a graduate of Princeton, and hasbeen a member of the University of ChicagoFaculty for ten years.UNIVERSITY NOTESA New Honor for Dean Gordon J. LaingAt the fifty-fifth annual meeting of the· American Philological Association recentlyheld at Princeton University Professor Gor­don J. Laing, Dean of the Graduate Schoolof Arts and Literature, was elected vice-pres­ident of the Association; Dean Laing is also· vice-president of the Archaeological Instituteof America, and has been president of theClassical Association of the Middle West andSouth. At the opening of the last AutumnQuarter he returned to the University ofChicago after having been head of theDepartment of Classics and Dean of theFaculty of Arts at McGill University, Mon­treal. In addition to being Dean and Pro­fessor of Latin at Chicago, Mr. Laing is theGeneral Editor of the University of ChicagoPress, a position he had previously heldfrom 1908 to 1921.Prize Awarded Professor DicksonA prize of $1,0.00 has been awarded toLeonard Eugene Dickson, Professor ofMathematics in the University of Chicago,at the seventy-fifth meeting of the AmericanAssociation for the Advancement of Science,held in Cincinnati. The prize awarded Pro�fessor Dickson was offered by a member ofthe Association in Cincinnati for the mostimportant piece of work contributed at thismeeting. Professor Dickson's contributionwas on "The Arithmetics of Higher Num­ber Systems." Professor Eliakim HastingsMoore, Head of the Department of Mathe­matics at the University, says of this workthat "it opens a large and very importantnew field in the theory of numbers."Professor Dickson received his S. B. andA. M. degrees from the University of Texasin 1893 and 1894 respectively, and his Ph.D.degree from the University of Chicago in1896. He also studied at the Universities ofParis and Leipzig from 1896 to 1897. He isa member of the National Academy of Sci­ences and of the National Research Council.He has. received a number of medals andprizes from learned societies, and is theauthor of Algebras and Their Aritbmetlcs,published by the University of ChicagoPress.Portrait of Professor Coulter Presented byVienna AcademyA portrait of Professor John Merle Coul­ter, Head of the Department of Botany, whois now giving a series of lectures in China,has just been completed by Alois Delug, anAustrian artist, and will later be presentedto the University of Chicago. The portrait,which was first exhibited at the recentTrustees' dinner to the Faculties in Ida· Noyes Hall, is full length. and represents· Professor Coulter as a Convocation speaker.The gift of the portrait is from the artist,a professor of the State Academy of FineArts in Vienna, and is in recognition of theUniversity's aid to Vienna after the war. 139Reverend Charles W. GilkeyNew Barrows Lecturer in IndiaReverend Charles W. Gilkey, minister ofthe Hyde Park Baptist Church, Chicago, hasbeen appointed by the University of Chicagoto deliver the Barrows Lectures in India forthe year 1924-25, and has been given a leaveof absence, on salary, by his church forsix months for the purpose. The purposeof the Barrows Lectureship, founded thirtyyears ago by Mrs. Caroline E. Haskell inhonor of Dr. John Henry Barrows, .has beento present in a friendly, temperate, and con­ciliatory way the truths of Christianity tothe scholarly and thoughtful people of India.The lectures are to be given in Calcutta,Bombay, Madras, and other important cities.Other lecturers upon the Barrows Founda­tion have been Dr. John Henry Barrows,Principal A. M. Fairbairn of Mansfield Col­lege, Oxford, President Charles -CuthbertHall, Union Theological Seminary, NewYork City, and Professor Charles R. Hen­derson of the University of Chicago, whowent to India in 1912. Since the outbreakof the Great War, no Barrows lecturer hasbeen sent to India.Mr. Gilkey is a graduate of Harvard Uni­versity and of Union Theological Seminaryin N ew York He has also studied in Scot-. land and Germany. He is a Trustee of theUniversity of Chicago and a preacher ofunusual power, especially with student au­diences, having served as university preacherat Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Toronto, LelandStanford, and many other universities. Mrs.Gilkey (Geraldine Brown) is a member ofthe class of 1912. Mr. Gilkey is to reachIndia in October, after lecturing in Chinaand Japan.140 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe University of Chicago and the AmericanAssociation for the Advancement of ScienceAt the seventy-eighth meeting of theAmerican Association for the Advancementof Science, held in � Cincinnati, Ohio, fromDecember 27 to January 2, there was a largerepresentation from the University of Chi­cago. This meeting marked the seventy­fifth anniversary of the founding of theAssociation.Among the University of Chicago menon the program was Professor Leonard E.Dickson, who presented a paper on "Alge­bras and Their Arithmetics," given by invi­tation 'Of the Mathematical Association andof the Chicago section. Professor ArthurH. Compton, of the Department of Physics,presented a paper on "The Scattering ofX-Rays," Dr. William D. Harkins, who issecretary of the Chemistry section, exhibitedmotion picture photographs of atomic colli­sions; Professor Forest R. Moulton, secretaryof the Astronomy section, led in a discussionon "The Infinity of Space"; ProfessorThomas C. Chamberlin, former head of theDepartment of Geology and former presidentof the Association, who recently celebratedhis eightieth birthday, gave a notable addresson the subject, "Seven ty-fi ve Years of Amer­ican Geology"; and Professor Rollin T.Chamberlin, a paper on "Clockwork Mea­surements of the Internal Shearing in anAlpine Glacier."Professor Henry C. Cowles, of the Depart­ment of Botany, gave his address as retiringpresident of the Botanical Society of Amer­ica; Dr. Elliot R. Downing, of the Collegeof Education, presented a paper of specialinterest on "Science Teaching in EuropeanSchools"· and Dr. Charles Manning Child,of the Department of Zoology, told of experi­ments with electricity on growing animalbodies in the embryonic state.Among the vice-presidents of the Asso­ciation are Professor W. F. G. Swann, ofthe Physics section, who presented a paperbefore the American Physical Society. andProfessor Charles J. Chamberlain, of thesection on Botanical Sciences. Members ofthe Council of the Association include Dr.Ludvig Hektoen, representing the Societyof American Bacteriologists, Professor JohnMerle Coulter, representing the AmericanAssociation of University Professors, andProfessor Henry C. Cowles, of the Depart­ment of Botany, who is an elected member.Four past presidents' of the AmericanAssociati-on for the Advancement of Sciencehave come from the University of Chicago--'Thomas C. Chamberlin, geolozist ; AlbertA. Michelson,. physicist ; John Merle. Coul-.ter, botanist; and Eliakim Hastings. Moore,mathematician. . Wieboldt Fellowships' in School of SocialService AdministrationTwo fellowships of the value of $500 eachhave been given by the Wieboldt Foundationof Chicago to the Graduate School of SocialService Administration of the University andhave been awarded to two graduate studentsof the Autumn Quarter, 1923: Emil G.Kerchner, A. B., University of Illinois, 1922,and Roger Freund, A. B., Hiram College,1920.The award of the Fellowships carries withit the obligation to carryon an investigationduring the winter and spring quarters in thesocial service field. The two subjects forresearch in 1924 are the following: (1) Pub­lic Begging in Chicago. A study of streetbegging and of begging families known tocharitable organizations, the encouragementof begging by unwise philanthropic gifts, andthe methods of enforcement by the policeof the ordinance against street begging. (2')Americanization Work of Settlements andother .Private Organizations. A study ofclasses in English and citizenship carried onoutside 'Of the public school system to deter­mine how far such classes are adequate tothe needs of various immigrant neighbor­hoods.William Vaughn Moody LecturesRichard'Le Gallienne, poet and critic, andRaymond M. Alden, Professor of English inStanford University, gave the WilliamVaughn Moody Lectures for January at theUniversity of Chicago. Mr. Le Galliennespoke January 24 on "The Will to Romancein Contemporary Life and Literature"; andProfessor Alden gave two lectures, January30 and 31, on "Literature and Morality."Among Mr. LeGallienne's well-knownbooks are The Religion of a Literary Manand Modern Book of English Verse. Pro­fessor Raymond is the author of An Intro­duction to Poetry and the editor of the vari­orum edition of Sonnets of Shakespeare.Artistic Gifts to the UniversityThe portrait of Mrs. Harry Pratt Judson,wife of the President Emeritus, has recentlybeen presented to the University and hasbeen hung in Ida Noyes Hall. It wasp-ainted by Oliver Dennett Grover, the Chi­cago artist, who is represented in many pub­lic . collections. Mrs. Judson was especiallyinterested in the founding and developmentof Ida Noyes Hall, which is regarded as themost beautiful educational building forwomen in the world. The portrait will alsobe a reminder of the unique place Mrs.. Judson held as an accomplished hostess inthe President's House.A bronze tablet in honor of President.Emeritus Harry Pratt Judson, to be modeledbv Leonard Crunelle, the Chicago sculntorof the bronze monuments' of Governors' Pal-omer and. Oglesby.' .of . Illinois; will be givento the University by the Class of 1923 ..UNIVERSITY NOTESNew Appointments at the UniversityOfficial announcement is made of newappointments to the Faculties, including thefollowing:Captain Jewett D. Matthews, to be As­sistant Professor of Military Science andTactics; Fay-Cooper. Cole, to be AssistantProfessor in the Department of Sociologyand Anthropology for the Winter and SpringQuarters, 1924; Edith Rickert, to be Pro­fessorial Lecturer in the Department ofEnglish for the Winter and Spring Quarters,1924; William H. Spencer, to be Dean ofthe School of Commerce and Administra­tion; and Edith Abbott, to be Dean of theGraduate School of Social Service Admin­istration.Testing the Einstein. Relativity TheoryIn referring to the experiments for testingthe Einstein relativity theory at the Univer­sity, President Burton at the recent Convo­cation quoted the following statement byDean Henry G. Gale of the experimentwhich he and Professor Albert A. Michel­son, Head of the Department. of Physics, arenow making: . ."Messrs. Michelson and Gale have com­pleted preliminary tests on their ether driftexperiment which was designed to ascertainwhether or not a beam of light traveling ina closed circuit on the earth's surface expe­riences a drag as a result of the earth's ro­tation. The preliminary experiments haveshown that the difficulties of the measure­ment can be surmounted, and work is underway in preparation for the final. experimentwhich will be carried out in the spring."President Burton added that the othermen whose researches Dean Gale reportedare over thirty in number.'Strik!ng Effects of Prolonged FastingDuring the past three years a series ofinvestigations on persons and animals hasbeen carried on by the Department of Physi­ology with reference to the physiological ef-. fects of prolonged fasting. Among thestriking results shown is the fact that pro­longed fasting (15 days for men: and 30-45days for dogs) increases the basal metabolicrate and the secretion of gastric juice formany months after eating is resumed andthe body has regained its normal weight.The basal metabolic rate is a measure of thenower of tissues to consume or burn. thefood. This' power is greater in the youngthan in the adult or aged individual.The nr ecise mechanism by' which pro­longed fasting induces these' changes in thehndv is as yet unknown. A certain number0f the body cells may be destroyed by thefast and replaced with new or young cellswhen eating is resumed. Or this' mav occurin some glands (such as the thyroids. theadrenals, the gonads) that have. special re­lation as stimuli to metabolism. This prob-lem is under investigation. - 141There are many excellent investigationson what goes on in the body during fasting.The present study in the Department ofPhysiology furnishes the first scientific dataon some of the after-effects of fasting whennot carried to the point of injury.The chairman of the Department, Profes­sor Anton J. Carlson, author of The Controlof Hunger in Health and Disease, is presidentof the American Physiological Society and. its representative in the National ResearchCouncil.Dean of the Institute' of Meat PackingAssociate Professor Emery T. Filbey,Dean of University College, has been ap­pointed Director of the Institute of MeatPacking, a complete educational unit con­ducted jointly by the University of Chicagoand' the Institute of American Meat Packers.The joint administrative committee consistsof seven representatives of the Universityand four of the Institute.The new educational unit of which DeanFilbey has been appointed Director is offer­ing evening courses to men engaged in thepacking industry at Chicago, and is carryingon research in sciences applied in meatpacking. .Beginning February 1 it will offer to menin the packing industry outside of Chicago,through correspondence and extension meth­ods, the same instruction as is being givenorally here; and it will inaugurate next falla four-year curriculum of. full-time davcourses on the campus for young men whowish to fit themselves specially for entranceinto the meat-packing industry. An articleon the new Institute appeared in our Januarynumber. .Dean Filbey, of the Class of 1917, who hasspecialized in industrial education; has beenat various times head of the technical depart­ment of the University High School, a mem­ber of the Department of Education, anddirector of the technical division of theUnited States War Training School, Univer­sity of Chicago.American Association of Teachers of ItalianAt the recent meeting of the. ModernLanguage Association of America the Italiangroup organized the American Associationof Teachers of Italian, the purpose of whichis to promote the study of the Italian lan­guage and literature in the United States.Among the officers elected were: Honorarypresident, Professor Charles H. Grandgent,of Harvard University. who received thehonorary degree of L.H.D. from the Uni- .versity of Chicago in 1916; vice-president,Dr. Ernest' Hatch Wilkins, Professor ofRomance. Languages at. Chicago. editor ofthe University of Chicago Italian Series, andDean of the College; and secretary-treasurer,. Dr. Rudolph. Altrocchi, Associate Professor142 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEof Romance Languages, who has contributeda volume to the sam-e series. Other institu­tions represented in the new organizationare the universities of Illinois, Toronto, andCalifornia, Vassar, and Northwestern.Dr. Breasted Returns to Egypt forTomb OpeningDirector James Henry Breasted, ·of theOriental Institute of the University, sailedfrom New York, December 29 for Egypt,where he hoped in the middle of Januaryto witness at Luxor the reopening of thetomb of the Egyptian Emperor Tutenk­hamon and the uncovering of the pharaoh's_ body. While the doorway to the burialchamber was broken through by Mr. How­ard Carter, acting for the Earl of Carnar­von, last winter, the roya-l sarcophagus wasfound to be so thoroughly enveloped withsuccessive catafalques, all but the outer ofwhich still bore their original seals un­broken, that it was impossible, before theheat of the summer arrived, to undertake toreach the sarcophagus proper. Moreover,the sarcophagus and its coverings so com­pletely filled the burial chamber, that itproved necessary to remove not only themasonry which barred the doorway butthe whole wall which separated the burialfrom the ante-chamber. This preliminarywork will have been accomplished by thetime Professor Breasted arrives.Director Breasted expects to devote apart of this winter, as he did last year, towork on the Oriental Institute's Coffin Textproject in the Cairo Museum, where by farthe greater number of the inscribed coffinsof the Egyptian Middle Kingdom (datingabout 2000 B. C.) are now preserved. Theso-called Coffin Texts embody in religiousliterature the world's earliest transition froma - mechanical to a moral view of the here-after. -Mr. Stagg Addresses Princeton, Ill.,Rotary ClubOn Monday, January 28, Coach A. A.Stagg .was the guest of honor- and mainspeaker. at a banquet given. bi -the. Boy'sW ork committee' Of. the Rotary Club of· Princeton, Illinois. - The banquet, which was, .held .at the_ Hofel 'Clark, for -the footballand· .basketball squads of the Princeton Township· .High School and the Scoutmasters of thePrinceton Boy, Scout Troops, was attendedby over one hundred and fifty.. One of thepurposes of the. gathering was to develop in­terest. in and _ raise funds. for a gymnasium�t the high' school.._, ''"Perry D.� ,Trimble, '11; J. D. '1-2, an at­torney at Princeton, chairman of the Boy's Work committee, presided as toastmaster.In introducing Mr. Stagg he said: "Hestands for the highest type of athletics. Hiscoaching methods are as much a course iucharacter building as a system for physicaltraining. I know of no coach of hip-herstanding or higher ideals than Amos AlonzoStagg."Mr. Stagg delivered one of his character­istic straightforward speeches, pointing outthe great need for physical training of youngmen and women, and emphasizing the valueof dependability for success in athletics andin life. Both on his introduction and at theconclusion of his address the "Old Man"was cheered repeatedly.Two other Chicago men were speakers atthis dinner. Charles F. Axelson, '07. Chair-.man 'Of the Alumni Council and a Trustee.a native of Princeton, recalled his boyhooddays in the town, and F. L. Black, A. M.,'09, principal of the Princeton High School.told of the pressing need for a high schoolgymnasium.Fraternity Grades in Fall QuarterAccording to figures given out last weekby the Recorder's office, the grades andscholastic standing of the fraternities for theAutumn Quarter are as follows:Fraternity Rank Grade Gr. PtsAcacia ... '; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 B- 3.173Alpha Epsilon Pi 2 B- 3.16Phi Pi Phi 3 C 2.843Tau Delta Phi........... 4 C 2.8Kappa Sigma ey C 2.583Beta Theta Pi .. . . .. 6 C 2.569Phi Kappa Sigma ;... 7 C 2.547Delta Sigma Phi 8 C 2.54Pi Lambda Phi 9 C 2.529Tau Kappa Epsilon 10 C 2.48Phi Gamma Delta 11 C 2.473Zeta Beta' Tau 12 C 2.47-Alpha Phi Alpha .-.... 13 C 2.454Phi Beta Delta 14; C 2.44Alpha Delta Phi : 15 C 2:421Kappa Nu. " .. 16 C 2.378Delta Kappa Epsilon 17 C. 2.373Delta Upsilon ....•... '. . .. .18 C 2.349Sigma Nu ; '... ' 19 'C 2.345Delta Chi ',' . . . .. 20 C 2.292': Chi Psi .. ; ,.. 21' C 2.289Alpha Sigma' Phi' .- '22 C 2.286"Lambda Chi Alpha' '" . . .. 23 C 2.207Phi. Kappa Psi 24 C 2.159Psi Upsilon 25 C 2.102, �hi: D�'lta Theta :. ·26 C 2.062Sigma Alpha, Epsilon 27 ,C 2.048Sigma Chi .-.. 28 C 2.024Alpha Tau Omega ,. 29 C 2.005'Kappa Alpha Psi, ," '30 C 2'.0Phi Sigma Delta ., '. . . . . .. .31 C- 1.875Delta Tau Delta 32 c- 1.49THE LAW SCHOOL 143II -Law SchoolState Senator Thurlow G. Essington, J.D. '08 -The readers of the Magazine have alreadybeen informed that State Senator ThurlowG. Essington, J.D. '08, is the first alumnusof the University to be a candidate for Gov­ernor of Illinois. Last fall his candidacy forthe Republican nomination for Governorwas announced; five other candidates estab­lished a precedent by voluntarily retiring anduniting 111 support of Senator Essington.Last month, as noted in the Magazine, n�e--­was the principal speaker at the Wintermeeting of our Law School Association. Inview of his rapid rise in the political field,the Law School section for February willpresent this biographical sketch of Mr.Essington.Thurlow G. Essington was born in Streator,Illinois, in 1886. Passing through theStreator public schools and the StreatorTownship high school, he entered the Univer­sity of Illinois, where he obtained his col­lege degree in 1906. At Illinois he wasprominent in student activities and becamea member of Delta Kappa Epsilon, Phi DeltaPhi, and Phi Beta Kappa fraternities. Hethen attended the University of ChicagoLaw School, where he established an excel­lent record and obtained the J.D. degreecum laude in 1908. While at Chicago heaffiliated with the Delta Kappa Epsilon col­lege and Phi Delta Phi law fraternities. Atthe University of Chicago he met MissDavie Hendricks, -of Madisonville, Kentucky,who obtained her A.B. in 1908, and whomhe married in 1913. They have one child,Elizabeth, who is five years old.When he returned to Streator in 1908 Mr.Essington entered the practice of Jaw andsoon became prominently active in the af­fairs of his home town. He took the leadin establishing the Y. M. C. A. on a soundbasis there and for a while managed it. Hewas elected City Attorney, and soon after,on the strength of an unusual record, waselected Mayor of Streator. As a lawyer, heimpressed his abilities upon his "home folks"to such an extent that he has frequentlybeen called upon to represent the city inits legal affairs. Only recently he found itnecessary to stop his campaign long enoughto represent Streator in an important casewhich was being heard in Bloomington. Hisrecord as a Mayor resulted in his nomina­tion and election, in 1918, to the IllinoisState Senate, representing the 39th legisla­tive district-his native county of La Salle.In 1922 he was re-elected State - Senator byan overwhelming majority.Former Governor Lowden, in commentingon Mr. Essington when: he first "ap-peared in Thurlow G. Essington, J. D., '08Springfield, said: "He came into the Senateduring my term as Governor. He at onceimpressed me as a man of unusual ability,of excellent poise, with an earnest desire togive the public service the best that was inhim. Before the end of the session I pre­dicted that higher honors were surely instore for him." Governor Lowden's esti­mate was -soon .followed by indications inother parts of the- state that Senator Essing­ton's straightforward attitude in the Legis­lature was attracting wide attention. He wasoften mentioned as "good material" for gov­ernor. It is not surprising, therefore, thathe has been called upon to seek the nomina­tion and election as Governor of Illinois..Thirty-eight years old, tall and strong ofbuild, he is an impressive figure before anyaudience. Essington is one of the youngestcandidates for governor in the history of thestate.During the last ninety days Senator Es­sington has been conducting a vigorous­campaign in the southern counties of thestate. Mrs. Essington, who takes a d'eepinterest in everything that has .a bearing on .(Continued on page 147)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE"'it_IUI__ '._II�_III_ .. tI�II"_all_D._nn_all __ •• _lIa_II"_UIl_a._IIR--IIII- •• -un-"a-III_"I_un_III_III_a._I._ •• _ •• _+I Th� School of Education ' II Music in the Kindergarten-Primary Grades .11 Mary Root Kern 1+�III1�.iIi'-ua_ua_lIlI_all_.q_IIII_IIII_lltl_III�_lln_lIll __ MN_.a-UI- •• _IIN_ua_lIll_uu_ua_aa_au_all-ta_lIu_nU_IIII_ntttHb0 will the advent of the radio in thehorne effect music in the schools? Howshall we profit ourselves withal? To benefitby . the opportunities which the radio solavishly furnishes, we must endeavor to pre­pare an audience which shall tune in thefiner offerings and tune out the common andpoor. Dr. Dewey says, in effect, that in or­der to pay attention we must have "some­thing to pay attention with." How shall weenable our American public to respond morefully. to 'the charm of programs whose in­fluence is constructive, cultural-wholesomefood for the, emotions? The memory con­tests now in vogue among children of gram­mar' and high. schools are doing much to­ward achieving familiarity with the largerforms of serious music. In Chicago, anddoubtless elsewhere, a radio broadcastingstatipn . will .fl!r�her this work' by. givingorchestral: renditions of the selections chosenfor (study. This supplements the phono­graph record which has hitherto been thechief . resource in gaining the necessary ac­quamtance for purposes of contest. It alsotrains an ability to listen with concentrationto. intellectual music' which might otherwisebe discarded as highbrow stuff not suited tofamily diversion..In the lower grades, the element of com­petition in memorizing fine music is absentbut there is a definite channel through whichthe little child .may take the initial steps upParnassus. When we reflect that the mas­ters often built their great works uponthemes from national folk tunes and thateach folk song that has descended to usis perforce a survival of the fittest; when wefurthermore realize that the melodic con­struction and rhythm of the folk song fol­lows the path of least resistance and istherefore composed of the most natural in­tervals and movement while possessing avitality which the unspoiled ear perceives,we may well ask ourselves whether the folkmelody is not the foundational material withwhich to guide our children into the rightpath. There is a distinction to be drawnbetween the "pretty" song and the "good"�ong .. The �rst �ay lack the nutritive qual­rty which will build safely. The second willbe recognized by those who have earned thepower' to- discriminate through a backgroundof' acquaintance with great music. Teach­�rs owe. a. debt of gratitude to Cecil+Sharpe�.tJ." Jt�g·lahd and to Thomas Whitney Surette111 this country .for opening the public mindto the value' of the folk _song in primary education. Especially practical for use inthe kindergarten and first grade is that smallvolume, issued by the Abingdon Press,called "Songs for the Little Child," wherenaive melodies from the folklore of manynations are set to childlike texts. The markedsuccess of recent work in the kindergartenof the School of Education is due pri­marily to the segregation of the less ablesingers and to the use of these simple,strong melodies.Songers and Sighters-these are the aptcognomens of the factions which are repre­sented respectively by the two most recentsong series put out by well-known publish­ers of educational music books. These twoseries largely supplement each other. Theone is an ungraded mass of singable mate­rial, inviting teacher and pupil to come toplay in the flowery meads of melody whererich and varied accompanying rhythm andharmony shall rouse the spirit, train the ear,and cover unavoidable defects of intonationshown in the less gifted voices. The otherseries stands in Puritan simplicity with thewhite light of accurate, independent achieve­ment on the part of the pupil its evident de­sideratum. Both series might be improvedby the editorial advice of a classicist fa­miliar with the capabilities of young chil­dren, and their unfailing responsiveness tothe best in art. In neither of these series,at least in the early sight-reading books, isthe child mind adequately valued or suffi­cien tly .r espected. In the drill material ofthe first, false accents are permitted and fre­quent syncopation occurs. The second suf­fers from a monotonous prettiness. Afteraccomplishing the sight reading of a major­ity of these latter songs, the musical childmight well wonder why he should be re­quired to expend so much effort for suchs�ight reward. Unless a melody suitable indIfficulty to the reading ability of a third­grade child possesses strength and beauty,he. should not be asked to use the preciousminutes of the music period in masteringits syllabization.Sinc� each supervisor is at heart a Songeror a Sighter, his: work 111 sprte of his bestefforts to preserve a discreet balance, willlean toward one or the other of these funda­m.enta.1 convictions, The Sighter will turnwith impatience from the' lack of .master yevidenced in classes where inspirational rotesmgmg 1S stressed. The Songer will suf­fer fr0111 marrow p ranks in sitting through alesson devoted to sight reading. As one seesthe crowded auditoriums' where audiencesMUSIC IN KINDERGARTEN-PRIMARY GRADESare listening in rapt silence to a symphonyprogram, and hears. the deafening applausewhich greets explosively an especially well­rendered number, one wonders how many ofthese enthusiasts base their present contactwith music upon the hard won knowledge offluent syllable reading. How much has thattraining contributed to the musical discrim­ination which enables them to evalute highermusical achievement. The modern choralmusic strays about among distant modula­tions to - the total discomfiture of the sightreader unless he have an intuition, born anddeveloped through the inspiration of finemusic, which enables - him to perceive-morewith the heart than the head-the harmonictrend, and to leap to correct conclusions.Perhaps what we lose in robbing the perioddevoted to sight reading drill, in order togive more time to the presentation of in­spirational music, may result in the end ina better reading ability based on a deeperappreciation of the art. .Only a teacher realizes the importance ofconstant vigilance in the selection of songs.Editors who do not come into frequent con­tact with children's needs, possibilities, andresponses, evidently do not have this reali­zation or they would not allow unwholesomematerial to creep into their .books on theplea of enlivening the music hour. Musicintensifies the effect of words, and a cheapor common text is doubly offensive whensung. Rarely is a funny song worth thelabor of acquisition. The most harmful ofobjectionable features is the song that wouldbe a success in vaudeville or musical shows.Until the piano became a feature of a well­equipped assembly hall or grade room, tl�elimitations of a trained teacher of mUSICwere indeed galling. The country is muchindebted to those inventors and manufactur­ers who have placed a small, adequate in­strument within our reach. The ability touse an accompaniment for rote singingopens up a field of child literature whichshall infallibly lead to noble, enjoyment.Grieg's "Seven Songs for Children," Schu­mann's "Children Son g s," Reinecke's"Fifty Songs for Children," J. W. Elliott's"Mother Goose Melodies," Eleanor Smith's"Song Pictures from; Stevenson's Child'sGarden of Verse," and Beatrice Scott's "ArtSongs for Children" all contain- that culturalgerm of inspiration which begets throughmelody, harmony, and text an attitude to­ward music study which alone results in edu­cation.There is a prerequisite to the full enj-oy­ment of the privileged singing, namely theelimination of the monotone habit. Thiswork begins properly in the kindergarten.If it be taken up systematically much can beaccomplished before the' first grade isreached. As soon as the retarded childrenare located they are handled as a group,apart from the normal children, either by(Continued on page 155) 145UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGODINNERThe Auditorium Hotel, Chicago, Ill­nois, February 27, 1924, at 6 P. M.SPEAKERS:President BurtonPresident Elliott of PurdueDean LaingDirector JuddDean GrayProfessor Lyman, ToastmasterFor ALUMNI, S-TUDENTS, andFRIENDS of the UNIVERSITYSecure your tickets in advance throughthe Dean's Office, School of Education.Price $2.00.The Commission on School Finance,which held its final meeting during the firstweek of February, arranged to publish,among the other documents put out by thisCommission a general report on the schoolfinances of the State of Illinois by ProfessorMorrison, a report on the bonding situationin school districts by Dr. Willett, 1923, ofthe LaGrange Township High School, anda report on the organization of financial an?accounting systems of the schools of Illi­nois by Professor F. W. Reeves, A.M., 192'1,of Transylvania College, Lexington, Ky.Miss Florence Williams, Chairman of theSocial Committee of the School of Educa­tion, has organized a Thursday afternoonsocial hour which is proving a very excel­lent means of furthering the social life ofthe undergraduate and graduate students inthe School. The students in a given courseand the instructor are the hosts and host­esses for a designated Thursday. Tea isusually served and group singing and danc­ing have so far been the most popular formsof entertainment.The State Legislature of Texas has - au­thorized a State School Survey and hasappointed as -one of _ the members of theCommission T. D. Brooks, Ph.D., 1921,A.M., 1920; who is Professor of Educationat Baylor University. Assoc. Professor c.,T.. Gray, A.M., 1911, Ph.D., 1916, of theUniversity of Texas, is to- make a specialsurvey of reading. Director of ExtensionT. H. Shelby, A.M., 1921, and Assoc. Pro­fessor B. F. Pittenger, Ph.D., 1916, both ofthe University of Texas, will take part+.inthe survey of high schools and institutionsof higher education. Dr. Judd, will spendtwo weeks in Texas during March makinga special report on junior high schools andon the state adoption - of textbooks. .146 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBook ReviewsBoss Platt and His New York MachineBy Harold F. Goswell(The University of Chicago Press)Reviewed by Professor Ernst FreundA critic said of Professor Merriam's"American Party System" that in readingit after other works in government or polit­ical science, you had the sensation of step­ping from the rarefied atmosphere ofacademic cloisters into the rough andinvigorating air of actual life. Mr. Gosnellis one' of Professor Merriam's students andhis volume on "Boss Platt and His NewYork Machine" is another fruit of the studyof "Realpolitik," which is to supplement, ifnot to displace, the type of work in govern­ment with which we are familiar.Mr. Gosnell has succeeded in a difficulttask; he has presented 'riot only a readable,but a fascinating account of what, from mostpoints of view, is not a very attractive sub­ject.Would it be possible to parallel this po­litical biography by one of a political leaderof similar prominence in any of the Euro­pean countries? As a matter of course, thebackground of the biography of an English,French or German politician would be fur­nished by the public issues' and policies ofthe generation' covered by the particularcareer. There is nothing of the kind inPlatt's life. The period of his political in­fluence was the period of a profound trans­formation of, American government innearly all of its aspects; election machinery, civil service organization, above all, the re­lation. of the state to industrial and socialforces, public utilities, business, health, andpublic resources. In many of these .move­ments, the state preceded the nation, andNew York participated in everyone of them.But these matters were not Mr. Platt'sconcern. Legislative tendencies had .to bereckoned with, and if backed by sufficientstrength of public sentiment, had to behumored though inconvenient or undesir­able from the point of view of the politicalmanager. His effort was to save what couldbe saved for the political machine, and thesalvage was always considerable and worthwhile.The sole object of politics according toPlatt's philosophy was to secure the con­trol of the legitimate graft of government.Here was the bond of party allegiance andthe source of party power. It was the prin­ciple of Tammany Hall applied to the state,with greater stress on the legitimacy of thegraft. It would be interesting to knowwhether any other political career typifiedthis aspect of politics as nakedly as Platt'sdid. One would like to know about Quayof Pennsylvania. Mr. Gosnell is wise toput Platt in contrast with Roosevelt, whosecareer illustrates the higher phase of politi­cal leadership. It is significant that Roose­velt while governor' had to reckon withPlatt as a power, but while he did consultand conciliate, he made no vital sacrifices,and in the matter of the franchise tax, suc­cessfully defied the boss.Platt - became United States Senator.Could he ever have been elected by popu­lar vote? That he had, or at least expres­sed, no opinions on national issues is quitein keeping with his record on local issues,but it is significant that his local power inNew York did not avail him in Washington;he was in the Senate, an inconspicuous andimpotent figure.Platt's life furnishes perhaps the bestavailable illustrations of the place taken inour political system by the manipulator ofparty organization. Perhaps it shows usthe utmost of accomplishment in this di­rection. It equally clearly reveals the limi­tations of that phase of politics.Mr. Gosnell finally characterizes his heroas a retailer of franchises, government con­tracts and special legislation. Not' everystate furnishes as many prizes in this direc­tion as N ew York, but in every state, andstill more in every city, there is enoughemolument connected with government tomake political emolument a profitable game.WINTER REGISTRATION-SENATOR ESSINGTON 147In this sense the machinery is a permanentpart of our government, but the game is asordid and unsavory one, and it must havebeen a peculiar combination of New Yorklocal conditions and Platt's genius that gavehis boss-ship an air of respectability.We are indebted to Mr. Gosnell for animportant contribution to the study ofAmerican politics.Larger Winter RegistrationOfficial announcement is made at the Uni­versity of the Winter Quarter registrationup to January 12, 1924.In the Graduate School of Arts and Lit­erature there are 513 students and in theOgden Graduate School of Science 451, atotal of 964.In the Senior Colleges of Arts, Literature,and Science there are 1,003 students enrolledand in the Junior Colleges, including theunclassified, 1,2'84, a total of 2,287.In the Professional Schools there are 125Divinity' students, �13 Medical students. 310Law students, 251 in Education, 531 in Com­merce and Administration, and 50 in SocialService Administration; a total of 1,480.University College has an enrollment of1,923.The total for the University, exclusive ofduplications, is 6,337, a gain of 319 over thecorresponding quarter a year ago. Of thewhole number enrolled, 1,769 are graduatestudents and 4,608 undergraduate. Senator Thurlow G. Essington, J. D., '08(Continued from page 143)the campaign, often accompanies him on histrips; she has appeared at numerous recep­tions in her honor. The campaign will becompleted in the northern counties and thecity of Chicago during the next month.Senator Essington's platform, like himself,is straightforward. He does not "camou­Rage" his intentions or what he hopes toaccomplish for the state if he is electedgovernor. He is not interestedjn "politicalrewards." He is interested solely in soundand efficient government, fair and just taxa- .tion, and a proper observance and enforce­ment of all of the laws. He says, "Any farn­ily or any home is about as good or aboutas bad as the members who compose thatfamily. Likewise, the city is about as goodor about as bad as the interested citizenswho live in that community. And the samething holds true with reference to yourtownship, your county, your state or yournation. It is your responsibility. It is yourgovernment. The community is yours; thecounty is yours; the state and nation areyours. And. they will all be just as good oras bad in any case as you demand."Do you use the"CHICAGO" SONG-BOOKin your work withyoung people?Spread It Chicago" spirit. wherever you goTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO BOOKSTORE5802 ELLIS AVENUE148 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENEWS OF THE CLASSES,AND ASSOCIATIONSCollege Association Note'S!'94-Henry Forsythe Milligan is pastor ofthe First Congregational Church, CedarRapids, Iowa.'97-Marilla Waite Freeman, who took anLL. B. degree at the University of MemphisLaw School in 1921 and was admitted to theTennessee Bar, was directly after placed incharge of the Foreign Law Department ofthe Harvard Law School Library. She isnow Librarian of the Main Library of theCleveland, Ohio, Public Library system, andwas recently elected First Vice-President ofthe American Library Association.'Ol-Roy B. Nelson, formerly at Oshkosh,Wisconsin, is now located at 415 Fourth St.,South, St. Petersburg, Florida.'02-Mrs. David Ewing (Hazel Buck) isserving her second term as President of theBoard of Directors of Victory Hall, theBoys' Home of McLean County, nearBloomington, Illinois.'02-Lydia M. Schmidt, formerly head ofthe German Department at the UniversityHigh School, has just returned after a fif-UNIVERSlTY COLLEGiEThe downtown department ofThe University of Chicago116 So. Michigan Avenuewishes the Alumni of the Univer­sity and their friends to know thatit now offersEveni ng, Late Aftero;oon andSaturday, ClassesTwo-Hour Sessions Once or Twice a WeekCourses Credited Toward University DegreesA limited number of courses will be offered in theevening on the University Ouadrangles in additionto courses given downtown.Spring Quarter begins March 31Fot Circular of Information AddressEmery T. Filbey, Dean, University College,The University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. teen months' study of world affairs inEurope. She expects to return -to Washing­ton, D. c., to work for the Women's Inter­national League for Peace and Freedom, anddo lecture work on the side.'06-E. L. Hendricks, a Fellow in 1909-10,is President of the Central Missouri StateTeachers College; he sailed in February forEgypt and Palestine, on a year's leave ofabsence for study and travel.'Off-Mary Shipp Sanders is County Super­intendent of Public' Instruction, WilliamsonCounty, Texas; her home is in Georgetown,Texas. ' ''07-Raymond Binford, S. M., is in hissixth year as President of Guilford College,North Carolina.'OS-Norman Barker is Director of Ath-'letics, San Diego Army and Navy Academy,Pacific Beach, California.'1O-C. D. Donaldson is teaching psychol­ogy in the State Normal School at EauClaire, Wisconsin.'10--Linian M. Hawkins is Vice PrincipalChicago Alumni-,have a unique chance for Serv­ice and Loyalty.Tell your ambitious friends whocan not attend classes about the450which your A:lma Mater offers.Through them sht is reaching thou­sands in all parts of the country and indistant lands.For Catalogue AddressThe University_ of __ Chicago(80:1 S) Chicago, IllinoisTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEPublished inthe interest of Elec­trical Development byan Institution that willhe helped hy tahat­ever helps theIndustry. To all forwardswho are playing center"T' HE little fellow hasn't got the reach. Whydon't they put him at forward where hebelongs?" You have. heard comment like thatabout some mis-positioned player.Just look out they don't talk that way aboutyou-not in athletics but in your field of workafter college.The world is full of doctors who should havebeen lawyers, and lawyers who should havebeen writers-men who can't do their bestwork because they haven't got the reach.You still can avoid their haphazard choice ofa career. Some earnest thinking on the subject,"What do I really want to do in life?" willhelp you decide right.That's a real problem. Get all the adviceyou can-from the faculty, from alumni, frommen in business. If you find you have made afalse star+ change now and save yourself a lot ofgrief-for once you graduate into a profession,the chances are you'11 stay in it.I ! �9f'trl1 Electric CompanyThis advertisement is one of a series in studentp,.blications. It may remind alumni 0/ their oppor­tunity to help the undergraduate, by suggestion andadvice, to get more out of his four years. 1491lGO THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE'TEACHERS WANTED:!If you are available fat an educationalj.; position of any kind, you are invited to call. at the offices named below. The work isnational in scope, and comprises the largestteacher placement work in the United Statesunder one management.AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU1610 Chicago Temple77 W. Washington St.(Exclusively for college and univer­sity teachers.)FISK TEACHERS AGENCY814 Steger Bldg.28 E. J ackson Blvd.EDUCATION SERVICE1210 Association ;Bldg.19 S. La Salle St.NATIONAL TEACHERS AGENCY1564 Sherman Ave., Evanston$1.00Opens aSavingsAccount $100.00Starts a. Checking: AccountA SOUND COMMODITYFOR A SOUND DOLLARWe own and offer for sale 6%%and 7% First Mortgages and FirstMortgage Gold Bonds on HydePark Property.The notes and bonds are certifiedto by the Chicago Title and TrustCo. trustee, and the title guaranteedfor the full amount of the loan.UNIVERSITY ST ATE BANKA CLEARING HOUSE BANK1354 East 55th St. "Corner Ridgewood" of the Fresno Technical High School,Fresno, California.'lO-Allen Sayles is. Assistant Cashier ofthe El Paso Branch of the Federal ReserveBank, at Dallas, Texas.'lO-Margaret Tibbetts teaches Mathe­matics at Carter Harrison Technical HighSchool, Chicago .'ll"'-M. F. Carpenter is teaching Englishin the.' College and the University HighSchool at the University of Iowa.'ll-Ora E. Cox, A. M. 'l5, left in Januaryfor a trip around the world; he will attendthe International Sunday School Conventionat Glasgow, Scotland, next June.'12-Helen R. Hull, whose first novelQuest brought her a wide reputation as asuccessful novelist, recently gained furtherdistinction by her second novel, Labyrinth,which is published by the Macmillan Com­pany.'12-Leo G. Schussman is attending Le­land Stanford University, doing graduatework in Education.'13-Lawrenece G. Dunlap is an eye, ear,nose and throat surgeon at Anaconda, Mon­tana, where he has been practicing forseveral years.'14-E. E. Cordrey is head of the ScienceDepartment at State Teachers' College, Con­way, Arkansas.'15-Alice E. Barton, A. M. '16, is doingwork in Religious Education in the HydePark Presbyterian Church, Chicago.'16-Lester R. Dragstedt, M. D. '21, Ph. D.'23, formerly teaching in the NorthwesternUniversity Medical School, is now practicingsurgery at Kenmare. North Dakota.'16-Robert E. St. Clair is studying forhis doctor's degree in Teachers College.Columbia University; he has the distinctionof being the first Elementary School Prin­cipal in St. Louis to be granted a year'sleave of absence to study.'17-Katherine MacMahon is an instructorin the School of Journalism at ColumbiaUniversity and a reporter for the ChristianScience Monitor.'17-Albert H. Miller is principal of St.John's Lutheran School at La Grange,Illinois.'18-0Iive Ellis Gower is in charge of thelunchroom in the Lincoln School of TeachersCollege at New York City.'2o-M. E. Jolidon is supervisor of theTax, Legal and Accident Department of theStandard Oil Company (Indiana) at theQuincy, Illinois, field.'2o-H. A. Simmons is Assistant Professorof Mathematics at the University of Pitts­burgh.'20-Dwight B. Yoder is now connectedwith Earle A. Shilton, '14, in the real estateNEWS OF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONSbusiness, with offices at 637 North MichiganAve., Chicago.'2'l-Cecile W. Dore is attending school inFrance, where she went last fall.'21-Lois Olson is teaching Geographyand General Science in the Collinwood JuniorHigh School at Cleveland.'22-Lulu Daniels is teaching English inthe Normal School at Mount Pleasant,Michigan.'22-Frank J.' Frelich is head of theDepartment of Science at State NormalSchool, Daphne, Alabama, and is also, atpresent, Acting President 'Of that institutiori.'23-Grace D. Phillips is Pastor of theChristian Church at Batavia, Illinois.'23-Marguerite Newmeyer is doing socialwork with the. Associated Charities, Mem­phis, Tenn.+.---.----- .. - .. - .......... - .. - .. - . .-.--.-- .. - .. +I C. and A. Notes I1 . f+,-,,_.,_,._,._,, __ .-'._"_1' __ '_1._"_0 __ +'14-Erling H. Lunde, Ph.B., has accepteda position with the Western Electric Com­pany, Chicago.'15-Almena Dawley is Supervisor, De­partment of Social Investigation, Pennsyl­vania School of Social and Health Work,Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.'15-Mr:. and Mrs. W. H. Wiser (CharlotteViall, Ph.B., '14), are now settled again inIndia and Mr.' Wiser has .begun his newwork. Theil," address is Mainpuri, U. P.,India.'16- Victor E. Guttwillig, Ph.B., has re­cently accepted a position as Manager, J.R. Munn Company, Importing and Export­ing, New York City.'17-Donald S. Bradford, Ph.B., haswritten us an interesting letter telling some­thing 'Of his work in . Milwaukee. He isDirector of Research and Manager of theForeign Department of the Boston Store. there.'20-Arnold J. Hoffman, Ph.B., is with theCaradine Harvert Hat Company, ·St. Louis,Missouri.;21-Thomas E. Blackwell, Ph.B.. is Busi­ness Manager, The Principia J uni·or College,. St: Louis, Missouri .'23-Arthur '. Goldberg, Ph.B., is at theUniversity 'Of California as a teaching fellowin Accounting. He expects to receive hismaster's' degree in May. .'23-William A.' Dejonge, A. M., has ac­cepted a position as Junior Accountant withByrnes and Baker, C. P. A.'s., Patterson,New Jersey. ' . _ The First National BankOF CHICAGOand its affiliated institution, theFirst Trust and SavingsBank�ffer a complete, con­venient and satisfactoryfinancial service inCommercial BankingForeign Exchange-��:_- Travellers ChequesDepartment for Ladies �Investment B()nds :_Real Estate Mortgages,and Certificates _Savings DepartmentTrust DepartmentThe stock of both banks is owned by the -s�me. stockholders.' Combined resources exceed :$350,000,9.00Dearborn,Monroe and Clark StreetsChicago 151152 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE--11��'95-Dr. William McPherson, Dean of theGraduate School of Ohio State Universityand head of the Chemistry Department, hasbeen Acting President of Ohio State Uni­versity since January 1, during the illness ofPresident Thompson.'99-Dr. A. Beziat, Chairman of theDepartment of Romance Languages at Van­derbilt University, is co-operating in thepromotion of international educational cor­respondence; the exchange of correspondencewith France now reaches some 200,000.'OS-Dr. Libozia Gomez, formerly chief ofthe Department of Biology, has beenappointed Professor of Pathology and actingchief of that department at the Universityof the Philippines, Manila.'09-Dr. Jo11n C. Granberg travelled throughNorthern Africa, the Balkans and Russia lastsummer, doing research work for the W orldLeague Against Alcohol; he resumed hisduties as Professor of Sociology and Eco­nomics at Southwestern University, Texas,in the fall.1"""lp;�i�;;;d""rn"'''''''',"III''''''''III'''''i3 Position §;;;;�=I�_ ���ri;gi@�?���!�{�:r�� _�=!§=_The alumni publication is the only mag- -3 azine today that offers advertising space =� alongside personal news notes. �I... of ��:s:e�d����re all about personal friends =_1� So-every page is preferred position.Forty-four alumni publications have acombined circulation of 160,000 collegetrained men. Advertising space may bebought individually or collectively- inany way desired. Two page sizes-only twoplates necessary-group advertising rates.The management of your alumni mag­azine suggests an inquiry toALUMNI MAGAZINESASSOCIATEDROY BARNHILL, Inc.cAd'l'ertising CJ{_epresentati'l'eNEW YORK CHICAGOI 23 E. 26th St. 230 E. Ohio St. ;IlIlIR1IlImmUlIlIJllllnnnnmllnllllJIIllnllllllllnlllllllllllllnllllllllllllllllllllllllnllITIlIlI1I11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 'la-Dr. Fred W. Upson has for 'severalyears been head of the Department of Chem­istry at the University of Nebraska.'l1-Dr. LeRoy S. Weatherby, of the Uni­versity 'Of Southern California, taughtOrganic Chemistry at the last summer ses­sion of Northwestern University.'i2-Dr. George P. Jackson, (Ph. B. '04),is striving' to advance the musical side ofeducation throughout the South.'13-Dr. Henry Beach Carre has beenoccupying the chair of Old Testament Lan­guage and Literature for two years at Van­derbilt University.'13-Dr. E. H. Sutherland i� AssistantProfessor of Sociology at the University ofIllinois.'14-Dr. M. G. Gaba, now a member oft.he mathematical staff at the University ofNebraska, recently published in the Bulletinof the American Mathematical Society aninteresting paper on "A Set of Axioms forLine Geometry."'15-Dr. Charles A. Shull, (S. B. '05), wasengaged in research in the Laboratory ofPlant Physiology at Johns Hopkins Uni­versity during the Fall Quarter; he returnedto the University of Chicago at the openingof the Winter Quarter. Dr. Shull served asassistant secretary of the American Associa­tion for the Advancement of Science.'19-Dr. Stuart A. Queen, Professor ofSociology in the University of Kansas, issecretary of the newly organized KansasCouncil of Statewide Agencies, and presidentof the Kansas Conference of Social Work for1924; he will teach in the University of Cali­fornia summer session this year.'20-Dr. P. D. Strausbaugh is now Headof the Department of Botany, West VirginiaUniversity, Morgantown; he was appointedto the headship last June.'21-.-Dr. Julian A. Burruss is completing atwo-year study of state government in Vir­ginia as a member of the Commission onSimplification and Economy. by authority ofthe Legislature; .he can be addressed atBlacksburg, Virginia.'2·2�Dr. E. B. Harper, (D. B. '20). for­merly at the University of Kansas, is nowteaching Sociology and Education at Kala­mazoo College, Kalamazoo, Michigan.'22-Dr. F. Dean McClusky, Instructor inEducation at the University of Illinois. iscompleting two monographs on Investiga­tions in Visual Education.'22-Dr. Ward G. Reeder. (A. M. '19). hasan interesting article on "Which States Readthe Most" in the August 2'5th, 1923, numberof School and Society.'23-Dr. L. E. Blauch. (A. M. '17), for­merly with the Bureau of Education atWashington, D. C .. as specialist in chargeof Land-Grant College Statistics, is nowAssociate Professor of Education at NorthCarolina College for Women, Greensboro.NEWS OF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONS+. • • "_'�·a-u-··-··-··-·--·a-··-··-"tL�w����_lArthur L. Adams, J.D. '14, has formed anew partnership at Jonesboro, Arkansas, un­der the firm name of Cooley, Adams andFuhr.Axel ]. Beck, J.D. '22, is practicing atAlcester, South Dakota.Arthur V. Bishop, J.D. '21, is with Fas­sett Abbott and Hughes, First NationalBa�k Bldg., Chicago.William C. Coryell has offices in theMarion National Bank Bldg., Marion, In­diana.David S. Eisendrath, J.D. '09, Irving J.Solomon, J.D. '09, and Charles H. Borden,J.D. '19, have formed the firm of Eisendrath,Solomon and Borden, with offices at 112West Adams Street, Chicago.R. C. Fulbright, J.D. '09, and John H.Freeman, ex Law, are members of the firmof Fulbright, Crooker and Freeman, StateNational Bank Bldg., Houston, Texas.James F. Harper is a member of the firmKentworth, Dietz, Shall berg, Harper andSinnett, Peoples Bank Bldg., Moline, Illi­nois.Verne A. McGeorge, J.D. '09, has officesin the Peoples Bank Building, Sacramento,California.Alfred M. Miller, J.D. '20, is associatedwith O. M. Slaymaker, Osceola, Iowa.William T. Paullin, J.D. '22, is practicingin Oakland, California, Oakland Bank Build-ing. ASh' f J. D" . . . hC. . C Ip er, . . 17, IS practicing WItKelly, David and Cottrell, Rockefeller Bldg.,Cleveland, Ohio.Julian S. Waterman, J.D. '23, is Professorof Economics in the University of Arkansas,Fayetteville, Arkansas. He has recentlybeen appointed by the state legislatureChairman of a Committee on Taxation ofPublic Utilities and a member of an Execu­tive Committee on Taxation, which areassisting the legislature in revising the staterevenue laws.Frank B. Black, L.L.B. '15, is newly asso­ciated with the firm of Olds & Tourje atSuite 922. Marquette Bldg., Chicago.Paul Hanson, J.D. '23, is associated with.T ohnson, Moran, Paltzer & O'Donnell at 112West Adams Street, Chicago. This firm in­cludes two living ex-Presidents of the LawSchool Association. Paul M. O'Donnell,'08, J.D. '09, was President during 1912-1913,and Charles W. Paltzer, '0'6, J.D. '09, suc­ceeded to that honor the following year,1913-1914.Brown. Fox & Blumberg have removedto 2050 Illinois Merchants Bank Bldg-., 232'South Clark Street. Chicago. Jacob LoganFox. '11. J.D. '13, is the keystone memberof the firm. Associated with them is GuyVan Schaick, J.D. '09. The Corn ExchangeNational Bankof ChicagoCapital and Surplus . � $15,000,000. OFFICERSERNEST A. HAMILL, PRESIDENTCHARLES L. HUTCHINSON, VICE-PRESI-DENTOWEN T. REEVES, JR., VICE-PRESIDENTJ. EDWARD MAASS, VICE-PRESIDENT'NORMAN J. FORD, VICE-PRESIDENTJAMES G. WAKEFIELD, VICE-PRESIDENTEDWARD F. SCHOENECK,·CASHIERLEWIS E. GARY, ASS'T CASHIERJAMES A. WALKER, ASS'T CASHIERC. RAY PHILLIPS, ASS'T CASHIERFRANK F. SPIEGLER, ASS'T CASHIERWILLIAM E. WALKER, ASS'T CASHIERDIRECTORSWATSON F. BLAIR CHARLES H. HULBURDCHAUNCEY II'. BORLAND CHARLES L. HUTCHINSONEDWARD B. BUTLER JOHN J. MITCHELLBENJAMIN CARPENTER MARTIN A. RYERSONHENRY P. CROWELL J. HARRY SELZ '-ERNEST A.. HAMILL ROBERT J. THORNBCHARLES H. WACKERForeign Exchange Letters o,f CreditCable TransfersSavings Department, James K. Calhoun, Mgr.3% Paid on Savings Deposits 153154 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEJames M.Sheldon, '03INVESTMENTSWithBartlett, Frazier Co.111 W. Jackson Blvd.Wabash 2310Paul H.Davis&€'ompanyMembers Chicago Stock ExchangeWe are anxious to serve you inyour selection, of high grade in­vestments. W e specialize inlisted and unlisted stocks andbonds+-quotations on request.Paul H. Davis, 'I t Herbert I. Markham, Ex.'06Ralph W. D3:yis:16 Byron C. Howes, Ex:13N. Y.Life'Bldg�-CHICAGO- State 6860MOSERSHORTHAND COLLEGEA business school of distinctionSpecial Three Months' IntensiveCourse for university graduatesor undergraduates given quarterly.Bulletin on Request.PAUL MOSER, J. D., Ph. B.116 S. Michigan Ave. ChicagoWe Print Q[:bt tflnibtr�itp of �bitago ;jJHaga�intcalland�8l?ect • ,Make a Printin�' Connectionour biding, • • L AbIllantan .u.p:to. ", with a Specialist an a arge, so-date facllltles. ; lutely RELIABLE Printing HouseCATALOGUE and PRINTERSPUBLICATIONPrinting and Adoertising AdoismOne of �he larg. . an/the Cooperatioe ana Clearing Howe���:f!.te 1l:l�t! fo, Catalogues and Puhlicatiom�ifeT�c!:��� -Let us estimate on your next printing order, Printing Products CorporationI .FORMERL.Y ROGERS Be HAL.L COMPANYP, olk and La Sa,· lie Streets CHICAGO, ILLINOISPhones-Local and Long Distance-Wabash 3381 +.- __ 0- •• -. __ •• _ •• _ •• _0- •• _. •• ]L�����'06-Mary G. Henson, Ed.B., is District. Superintendent with the United Charities ofChicago.'07-Mrs. Arthur Day Howard (Lenerl P.Morehouse, Ed.B.) lives at 811 W. '32dStreet, Los Angeles, California, and teachesin the public, schools there.'ll-Mrs. E. P. Radford (Irene G. Mc­Bride, Cert.) is living _at 57 Greenacre Ave­nue, Longmeadow, Mass.'13-Mrs. Goodson (Leota King Wintin,Ph.B.) is chairman of the' Department ofCommunity Civics at West High School,Minneapolis, Minn.'14-Esther Moran, Ph.B., owns and man­ages the Esther Moran Tea Room in St.Paul, Minnesota.'15-0scar F. Munson, A.M., is Superin­tendent of Schools in Manzanola, Colorado.'16- James Henry Smith, A.M., is Super­intendent of Schools at Aurora, Illinois.''17-Moses It Staker, A.M., is AssistantProfessor of Psychology and Education atthe State Normal School, Normal, Illinois.'18-0Iive E. Gower, Ph.B., directs thelunchroom of the Lincoln School of Teach­ers College, New York 'City.'19-Helen Frances Hillman, Ph.B., isSecretary-Manager of the Chamber of Com­merce, Ellensburg, Washington.'20-Blanche Ethyl Simmons, Ph.B., is acritic for the Iowa State Teachers Collegein the public schools of Waterloo, Iowa.'2i-Alice Clare Stewart, Ph.B., teachesEnglish. in the Lindbloom High School,Chicago, IIIinois. ''22-Walter Metzgar Campbell, Ph.B., isAssistant Professor, Extension Division,University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.'22-Gildo Masso, A.M., teaches Spanishin Roosevelt High School, New York City.'23_:_Marjorie Burkhart, Ph.B., teacheshome economics in the Township' HighSchool at Benton, Illinois.'23�Henry VanZyl, Jr., Ph.B., is instruc­tor in education at Calvin' College, GrandRapids, Michigan.'23-Beulah Mae Woods, A.M., teachesEnglish in the high school at Anaconda,Montana.On the invitation of Superintendent ofSchools Jesse Newlon, Dean Gray spentFebruary 4, 5, and 6 in Denver, Colorado,'advising with various committees appointedto formulate curricula for reading and vari­ous phases of English, He also addressedseveral groups of supervisors and 'principals.MUSIC IN KINDERGARTEN-PRIMARY GRADESMusic in Kindergarten-Primary Grades(Continued from page 145)an assistant at the usual music period, or atanother time, as is most convenient. Thematerial for working out their problem is se­lected carefully and used. with patience, tact,and sympathy. Each exercise will be sub­jected to .unlimited repetition so must carryintrinsic interest and be offered with goodcheer and unfailing encouragement. Thefirst exercise is a single tone sung with thesyllable "100" on a high pitch. A low pitchwould be more easily imitated, but wouldaccomplish nothing toward establishing thesinging tone. The pitches of the talkingvoice do not require training. All childrenare capable of approximating the lowertones but the concept of a higher, sweeter.voice must be inculcated as an" ideal towardwhich to strive. Often the high voice is dis­covered through the imitation of a littlekitten mewing or a young chicken peeping.The single high pitch sung with "100" beginseach lesson. The second step is this high.pitch with the fourth below (an inverted,'fifth) sung to any easily uttered syllables.N ext the descending tonic triad which in­troduces the first idea of a melodic form.As even with these first efforts there shouldbe a moment of inspiration, a simple folkmelody would be given, the children listen­ing and then joining in the singing withoutinhibiting criticism. The sequence wouldbe followed, using various single. pitches,calls and songs throughout the kindergartenperiod .. For variety, antiphonal songs couldwell be introduced in which the teachersings one portion and an individual childsings' a response, accurate rhythm on hispart being essential to achieve a completewhole. Each child would be given a. specialrole as his own responsibility. At the timeof promotion to the first grade, there willremain only a fraction of the original re­tarded group. These continue to be segre­gated from the normal children, the pro­cedure of cure remaining fundamentally thesame. Perhaps the most potent factor in'overcoming the monotone habit is the useof song material so charming in quality asto induce a desire to express that will notbe denied.' A short, high-pitched song withgentle emotional text, smooth rhythm and'easily uttered words, especially when builton the tonic triad is a treasure trove and anopen sesame to more complex material. Bythe time the second grade is reached wehave two groups working together on theclass repertoire, one the model chorus ofmusically gifted children, the other the de­pendent singers who carry the melody cor­rectly when supported by" other voices orby piano accompaniment. It were a pity toexpend this achievement on any but suchsongs as shall lead to the finer appreciations. ALBERT TEACHERS' AGENCY39th Year25 East Jackson Blvd., Chic�goIn many hundreds of Colleges, U ni­versities, Normals, Secondary' Schoolsof all kinds, there are today Univer­sity of Chicago graduates, many withadvanced degrees, who secured theirpositions through Albert Teachers'Agency.For years this Agency has been inthe front rank of teacher placementbureaus, especially in College and. Uni­versity positions, and good positionsin other high class institutions�··· ,University of Chicago students are'always welcome in our office, If .notnear enough for an interview, make'your wants known by mail. We arehere to se,rve you; ,We h'�ve busy offices also in'New Yo�k;' Denver and SpokaneA HISTORY of the,"UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOBy Thomas W. GoodspeedThis beautiful volume, published dur­ing the 1916 Quarter Centennial, printedby the University of Chicago Press, isoffered only to Alumni-and at a spe­cial price of $2.20, postpaid.The book, 522 pages bound in maroon,has 23 notable illustrations of prominentUniversity buildings and leading figuresin the University's history, and is mostattractively printed. The history is afascinating' story with which, everyAlumnus should be familiar.No book better, suited for a Chicago­an's library-table. You will be proud toshow "Chicago" to 'your friends. . The69 copies left are offered only to Alumni.Order yours Now.Address and Checks toAlumni Council University of Chicago 155156 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHE YATES-FISHERTEACHERS' AGENCYEstablished 1906Paul Yates, Manager616-620 South Michigan Avenue. ChicagoOther Office911-12 Broadway BuildingPortland, OregonClass Anniversary Reunions!Preliminary preparations for the AnnualJune Reunion are now under way. The anni­versary classes, as customary, will be calledupon for the prominent class features. Detailsannounced later-but begin now to' get intouch with your class officers and friends!The Class Anniversaries this year are:Fiftieth Anniversary Class of 1874Fortietb Anniversary Class of 1884ThIrtieth Anniversary .........•.. Class of 1894Twenty-fifth . Anniversary Class of 1899Twentieth Anniversary Class of 191MFifteenth Anniversary Class of 1900Tenth Anniversary .....•......... Class of I!H4Fifth Anniversary Class of 1919First Anniversary Class of 1923"All together-for Chicago!"@1II""""I11"I11I11I1I1I1I1I1I1IlIlUJIIIlIIIIIIIlIIIIIIIIIIIIUIIIIlIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII1I1II1I1I11II1II1IJllIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII�� �I YOUR ALUMNI ASSOCIATION II �d� Is MAGAZINE §I_ �� ::!����;��:�r:1 Ai;:�i:I_�' First, by memberships, and sec- �� ond, by prompt payment of dues. �� . §I If not now a Life Member-and I=i_=�: we trust in good time you will be-__=i_you will assist your Association andI ���i��7�:����;�:sl::� II_- appreciated. Urge your Chicago 1=friends to join ! We· should all workI together-for Chicago. �1IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIlIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHlllllllllUIIIIIIIIIIIIIlIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 Alumni Affairs(Continued from page129)tainment? The guests and hosts together. were entertained enough. Of course atmen's College Night there wer e the usualefforts at speeches, cat called and kiddedfrom that best end of the stage, the aud­ience. The State College band played rol­licking tunes, a jazz orchestra jazzed alittle, and the old college songs were sung.There were wrestling matches and boxingmatches and this and that, but the programis only a device when "good fellows get to­gether." So it was with the women's Col­lege Night in the gymnasium. Doctors andlawyers, matrons and maids, those who hadfared well and those who had not, all pound­ing each other on the back for old times'sake. No words were more oft uttered than"Do you remember when?""University of California alumni were notonly there but heard from. Some of theboys from Dartmouth wanted the rest ofthe grads to understand that the old collegewas still on the map. De Pauw was inevidence. Harvard was as ever dignifiedlypresent. There must be a University ofIllinois from the noise from one section.Some sons of Johns Hopkins must havecrossed the Rocky Mountains, judging fromappearances. Some corn huskers have leftthe corn belt for the grassy slopes of Wash­ington as evidenced by the men behind theKansas University pennant. Michigan wasas ever very much in evidence and it most. welcome guest. Purdue, Pennsylvania, N e­braska, Northwestern, Chicago, Iowa andYale contributed their share of noise and se­cured their share of attention. The StateCollege was very much in evidence duelargely to the fact that her alumni were inSeattle in force to see the Pullman-Wash­ington game on the morrow."That college men are growing 'immoral'was evidenced _ by the fact that the gener­ous quantities of cigars, tobacco, and cig­arettes offered by the Washington alumnias hosts were unhesitatingly secured andput to proper use everywhere in the armory ....Sinkers passed about on canes and harm­less cider, though no less flowing than theolden bowl, was passed. They had a goodtime, no question about it. They renewedolden days, olden friendships, and imbibedsomething of the old fighting spirit. Itis a good institution and all went home.declaring Washington alumni splendid hosts."As an affair this has become an insti­tution at Washington. Other colleges andother universities throughout the land haveheard of it and are inquiring concerning it.College Night is an institution affording thesplendid opportunity for acquaintanceshipand friendship which is a fundamental basisfor organized leadership. We are glad tohave been hosts and there is no doubt in ourminds that our guests were glad to havebeen guests."LETTERS TO ALUMNILetters to Alumni(Continued from page 137)Reynolds Club, the undergraduate "union"for men, which was completely reorganizedin the Autumn Quarter, and under the di­rection of Professor B. G. Nelson has beenmade what it was meant to be and neverquite. became-the real center of the men'sundergraduate activities. The football teamwon five out of six conference games, los­ing to Illinois by one touchdown. The Daily111 aroon has increased its circulation in adegree unprecedented. The Circle, themonthly literary magazine, is quite the bestthing of the sort, if I am any judge, that theUniversity has ever known. The dramaticclubs have been lively to the point 0.£ excite­ment. The fraternities pledged more menthan ever before, and the "fraternity coun­cil," backed heartily by Dean Wilkins,showed for the first time signs of takingitself seriously. The Acting President ofthe Junior Class is a woman. Chapel serv­ices have been more interesting and moreregularly attended than ever before. Theinsistence on undergraduate scholarship hasbeen steadier and more efficient, with theresult of a definitely better standard of workwith fewer failures. In general and in par­ticular, the University has been a good placeto work in, and a good place to play in.The relations of the University and thecity have improved somewhat. Dr. Breas­ted's investigation, at the request of LordCarnarvon, of the tomb of Tutenkhamon,has, of course, roused great interest, and inNovember. the University arranged a publiclecture by (Dr. Breasted in Orchestra Hall,admission by invitation. The press for tick­ets was very great, and the lecture as bril­liant an affair as can be imagined. Dr. EdgarJ. Goodspeed's translation of the New Tes­tament has roused immense interest, and inspite of a vast amount of ignorant comment,some humorous and some malicious, hasproved itself a real help to the reputationof the University. In many ways those ofus who have been a little weary of hearingour friends in Chicago who were not fortu­nate enough to go to college here, speak of"your University," have been made aware ofa lively kinship of in terest between the insti­tution and the city.Sometime in the next few months theplans for the greater development of theUniversity, which have been engaging themost eager attention of the administration,will be announced in detail. They will notdisappoint you by their meagerness. Theywill appeal to your imagination. They willdemand your support, both spiritual andfinancial. We of the alumni who are, so tospeak, "on the ground" constantly, ferventlyhope and confidently expect you will give it.This sketch of a letter conveys merely oursincere good wishes, and the greeting ofthe University to you, by whose accom­plishments alone its success can be deter­mined in the long run. RALPH C. MANNING, '00REALTORChicago West SuburbanTown and Country Homes210 W. LIBERTY DRIVE Phone 195WHEATON. ILL.Sam A. Rothermel ' 1 7InsurancewithMOORE. CASE. LYMAN & HUBBARD1625 Insurance Exchange Wabash 0400Luther M. Sandwick '20WithH. M. Byllesby and CompanyInvestment Securities208 S. LaSalle St. Wabash 0820Motion 'Pici ures YEducational _:_ Character building - EntertainingMathew A .. Bowers, '22TEMPLE·PICTURES. Inc.Cal. 4767 2301-11 Prairie Ave., ChicagoMain 0743 249 Conway Bldg.W1LLIAM ARTHUR BLACK, '19LIFE INSURANCESpecializing onPlans for Building EstatesLIFE INSURANCE WILLS and TRUST FUND SERVICEPLEASE NOTE THAT THEMAGAZINE PRINTSAlumni Professional CardsFOR RATES. ADDRESSALUMNI OFFICE, UNIVERSITYOF CHICAGOThe Largest College Annual Engraving Housein AmericaJAHN & OLLIERENGRAVING CO.554 W. Adams se., Chicago, Ill.ENGRAVERS OF OVER 400BOOKS ANNUALLYNote: We Never Sub-let Any Plates or ArtWork.Unusual Personal Service on AllBooks 157158 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEC. F. Axelson. '07SPECIAL AGENTNorthwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co.900 The RookeryTelephone Wabash 1800BRADFORD GILL, '10 WILLIS H. LINSLEY, '01G ILL, LINSLEY & MIDDLETONALL I NSURANCE FORMS175 WEST JACKSON BOULEVARDTELEPHONE WABASH 9411 CHICAGORalph H. Hobart, '96HOBART & OATESCHICAGO GENERAL AGENTSNorthwestern Mutual Life Ins. Co.900 The RookeryEarl�. A. Shilton, '14REAL ESTATEUPPER MICHIGAN AVENUE BUSINESSAND FACTORY PROPERTY637 No. Michigan Ave. Superior 0074RAYMOND J. DALY, '12Investment SecuritiesWITHFederal Securities CorporationCHICAGORandolph 7500John J. Cleary, Jr., '14ELDREDGE & CLEARYGeneral InsuranceFidelity & Surety BondsInsurance Exchange BuildingTel. Wabash 1240 ChicagoCornelius T eninga, '12- REAL ESTATETeninga Bros. & Co, 11324 Michigan Ave.PULLMAN 5000John A. Logan, '21Investment SecuritieswithH. M. BYLLESBY & COMPANY208 So. La Salle St. Wabash 0820 News of the Quadrangles(Continued from page 133)The "Potion of Passion," written by Rob­ert Peace Pollak and Jack Oppenheim, hasbeen chosen by Hamilton Coleman andBester Price, Director and Abbot of Illack­friars, for the new Friar show. Both of theauthors have done similar work 'before, andare experienced in the field of musical com­edy book and lyrics. The plot is foundedon the theme of a college man, disappointedin love, w.ho takes a magic poti-on whichcarries him back to times of the Romansand Babylonians. Many different combina­tions are offered to the producer, and manyartistic effects are promised the public byDonald Lockett, manager of the show.C. V. Wisner, Jr., '26.Athletics(Continued from page 134)While the Varsity squads have been work­ing out in the several sports, the entire cam­pus, both male and female has been partak­ing in sport of one kind or another. Anelaborate intra-mural basketball programhas brought together twenty-eight fraterni­ties and seven non-Greek organizations in afight for the "campus championship." TheGreeks have been playing on Tuesday andWednesday evenings, running off ten con­tests on each night of play. In the leagueplay, which is just closing preparatory toan inter-league tournament on the basis ofwhich an all-University "champion" will benamed, Psi Upsilon, Alpha Tau Omega,Delta Sigma Psi, Delta Kappa Epsilon andPhi Kappa Psi have shown themselves tobe the class of the competition.At the same time the men have been run­ning off their garnes, women basketball play­ers have been staging an inter-hall tourneyin Ida Noyes gymnasium. Seven halls areentered, including Beecher, Kelly, Foster,Drexel, Green, Greenwood, and WoodlawnHouse. Drexel, Greenwood and Beecherare the present favorites for the "champion­ship" among the women. In all, it's cer­tainly a "busy athletic quarter".Clifton M. Utley, '25.The Interscholastic Basketball TournamentThe annual basketball interscholastic isto be held this year on the first five days ofApril, according to announcement from theathletic office. This meet, which for thepast five years has been attracting the creamof high school teams from all parts of thecountry, promises to attract more interestthis year than ever before. Probably about48 leading teams will be permitted to enterthe tourney, which has become the biggestevent of its kind in the country. Only stateand regional champions and the championsof some of the larger cities will be permit­ted to enter.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINELikewise the DaughterBy Strickland GillilanDID you ever sit and weepand thrill through Dave.Bel ascos presentation ofLenore Ulrich in "The SonDaughter"?That play is based on an oldChinese mistaken obsessionthat girl-children were alwaysa liability and boy-children al ..ways an asset. The girl Lenorepersonated in that thrillingplay believed this, and wantedto be so much like a son thatshe might amount to some ..thing. And she did amountto something-by being likea son? No! By being the bestpossible daughter.We are not chinese; yet ithasn't been long since we actedvery much along the lines ofthat hidebound superstition.Usually we decided, whenHenry was born and had tobe named Henrietta, that we'dkeep her anyway. But we justas usually, mother and all, hida little disappointment thatit hadn't been Henry himselfinstead of his little sister thatcame to board with us.In the language of the comicstrip, "them days is gone for ..ever." We hail the girl-childas another human being cometo bless the world, bringingher meal-ticket with her justas certainly as if she had beenof the other sex. For her towork for a living is no stigma.For her to know practical,self .. supporting, self-pro .. tecting things is no disgrace.Therefore when.we are con ..sidering insuring any youthfulmember of the family, whypass, up the daughter of fifteenand a .. half? She must be edu­cated, she must undergo aperiod when she is an expense,she must be tided over tillshe becomes self-supporting,in her own home or in someother livelihood than home'making-for we have come toadmit she has the right tochoose or reject the maternaland home-building role.Then: Every argumentholds for her, that obtains forthe insuring of the boy-tocompensate the parents forthe expense of the schooling,if she should die; to start theinsured's insurance career ona low-priced basis easy for herto keep up when she goes"on her own"-every solitaryargument FOR insurance (andthere is no argument againstit) goes double, for daughter. as well as son.So if you have a daughtercoming sixteen, be good toher, be wise for yourself, andtake out a long-term endow­ment policy - some day shewill accept a few thousandsof welcome (may be needed)dollars from an insurancecompany, and through grari­tude-blurred eyes thank theone whose effective thought,fulness granted her that boon.OF BOSTONI. MASSACHUSETTSSixty-one years in business. Now insuring over One Billion EightHundred Million dollars in policies on 3,300,000 lives. 159160 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEEarly Cattle TrailsTexas had become a great cattle country before theCivil War. Its vast plains were spotted with herdsof half-wild, long-horned cattle, which found theirway in uncertain numbers, by trail and river, intothe markets of the North and East.During the war Texas was cut off from the restof the country. With no market outlets, vast herdsaccumulated. .When the war was over and the Texas embargolifted, these cattle began to stream northward tothe railroads that were slowly pushing their wayacross the Kansas prairies.Regular trails sprang up-first the Baxte r Springsor Old Shawnee, then the Shawnee, the Chisholm,and finally the Pecos, away over in New Mexico.Along these trails, beaten into broad tracks bymyriads of hoofs, the strung-out herds ploddedalong, moving slowly northward.Day by day, the picturesque "cowboy" of songand story rode beside them. Night by night hekept watch over them.Where these trails crossed the railroads, shippingtowns developed;the famous cow-towns of the earlyWest.But this supply of cattle benefited neither the "I'e xascattle raiser nor the far-away meat consumer as muchas it should have. Lank, stringy creatures to begin with,the long, hard journey afoot, foll.owed by a g.x;uelling tri?,in the crude trains of the day, did not make long-hornmeat any better.This primitive system disappeared with the advent ofthe modern packing industry, which sprang up to meetchanging conditions and growing needs. The long jour­neys afoot to market were made unnecessary when thepackers placed plants i';1 live stock area�, and es�ablis�edcountry-wide distributmg systems-usmg r efrig er at ion-fo·r prepared meats.All this made for better meat. It showed stock raisersthat good meat animals paid more, and opened up com­petitive markets where quality was rewarded in terms ofprice.Swift & Company has played an important part in thisdevelopment. Through its vast organization of twenty­three packing plants, hundreds of. branch h.ouses, andthousands of refrigerator cars.tbe wtdest pcsstble marketfor high grade meat has been developed. Not only has theconsumer benefited by getting this better meat, but in­creased returns have benefited the stock raiser.Out of every dollar received by Swift & Company formeat and by-products, eighty-five cents is paid out forlive animals. Swift & Company's profit from all sourcesaverages only a fraction of a cent per pound.Swift & Company, U. S. A.©S& Co. Founded 1868A nation-wide organisation owned by more than 45,000 shareholders I:arri:::�n�a�e:e:t:, - lL __ �����:marriageS'Dorothy Hinman, '12, to Samuel WayneHind, October 20, 1923. At home, 35 N. W.Sixth Avenue, Miami, Florida.Victor L. Wooten, '14, to Mary S. Hill,November 29, 1922. At home, 321% N.Vermont Avenue, Los Angeles, California.Esther Harper, '17, to Dr. Gatewood. Athome, 317 Linden Park Place, HighlandPark, Illinois.Lucile J. Hassewer, '17, to Edwyn C.Lloyd, August 4, 1923. At home, 1611 East55th Street, Chicago.Flora M. Hammitt, '21, to Daniel J. Korn,'20, J. D. '22, September 25, 1923. At home.1045 S. Main Street, Kalispell, Montana.Marie Dorothea Jensen, '22, to EllsworthE. Lonsbaugh, October 27, 1923. At home,Sheridan, Wyoming.�ngagement�FI�ence G. Fanning, '11, to LawrenceNorthcraft Dunihue of New York.Dorothy Judd, ex '24, daughter of Dr.Charles H. Judd of the School of Education,to Frederick I ves Carpenter, Jr.Harold Arthur Fletcher, '23, to WinifredKing.1Sirtb�To Mr. and Mrs. Harry J. Schmidt (Hel­ene Addicks), '17, a daughter, Janet Carolyn,April 28, 1923, at New York City.To Mr. and Mrs. Duncan Wiedemann(Tone Bostaph), '17, a daughter, VivianJeanne. August 26, 1923, at Chicago.To Evon Z. Vogt, ex '06, and Mrs. Vogt,a daughter, Joan, in February 1923, atRamah, New Mexico. .'To Lester R. Dragstedt, '15, Ph.D. '20,and Mrs. Dragstedt, a daughter, CharlotteGladys, August 15, 1923, at Chicago.Jleatb�Robert N. Tooker, '97, January 2, 1924,at Pacific Grove, California. He was amember of the '97 football team, and at thetime of his death was connected with theUnited States Veteran Bureau at San Fran­cisco.Marcus M. Beddall, ex '04, January 2,1924, at Spokane, Washington. Mr. Beddallwas a "C" man and a graduate student atthe University.Xenophon de Blumenthal Kalamatiano,'0.3. November 9, 1923, of blood poisoningand heart trouble, at a sanatarium at Hins­dale, Illinois. Mr. Kalamatiano was a pris­oner under the Soviet Government in Russiafor: two years, after the Great War.Eight thousand milessaved on every trip•To lighten humanIa bor, shorten dis�tance, and save money-these are the ser­vices of electricity,General EI ec t r i eCompany makes-muchof the apparatus bywhich electricityworks, and stamps itwith the monogramshown above. I t used to be 13,307 miles fromNew York to San Franciscoby sea; it is now only 5,262.The Panama Canal, whichseemed such a heavy expensewhen it was built, is an im­mense national economy,A greater economy becauseof the 1,500 General Electricmotors which do its work­pulling' the ships through,pumping water, opening and'Closing the locks-all at sucha li ttle cost,GENERAL ElECTRIC".A1nHiul's FinestMen's WttlT( Stern"FINAL CUT.mChoice OvercoatsTHE purpose of the following unprecedented reductionsis to make still more widely known the un approachedqualities that represent our "New-Order of Things.". Everyone of these superb overcoats is offered at .13 OffAll $60 Overcoats now «r » $40.00All $65 Overcoats now , . $43",35All $70 Overcoats now $46.75All $75 Overcoats now .. � $50.00All $80 Overcoats now •......... $53.35All $85 Overcoats no� $56.65All $90 Overcoats now $60.00All $95 Overcoats now $63.35All $100 Overcoats now $66.65, .'our Clea7a.nce Sale 01 Suits at 2-5% ,On Still Con.tinuea. Choice G()!ll Suits at 25% ,0'6 Are includedOur men's furnishings clearance i.aleo in progress in all departments. ,LONDONCHIC,AGOST. PAULD :E'T R 0 ITMILWAUKEEMINNEAPOLISTwo Chicago Stores:Michigan Avenue at Monroe Street and HOTEL SHERMAN:This sale is in progress at both stores