Ultt Unibtf,Sitr \IfQhicago magallttt"Speaking of Books ...,and especially those puhlished bythe Univer.sity of ChimgoPressi 9(l �Chicago Business Men and Womenwill find a most complete and careful presentationof their problems in the rapidly-growing series ofbusiness books published by the Press of their ownUniversity. They now can turn, in the "TheMaterials for the Study of Business," to fifteenvolumes that. examine the' principles involved in thesolution of these problems.They win become acquainted with the significantfeatures of the social environment of modern industryand the executive's role in it by reading Industrial.society and Businee» Administration. They willmake a thorough analysis of the many angles tobusiness activity in The Financial Organization ofSociety, The Economics of Overhead Costs, Law andBusiness, Dumping: A Problem in InternationalTrade, Principles of Accounting, and Risk and RiskBearing. They will study the business man'scontact with labor in The Worker in ModernEconomic'society, and in Forms, Records, and Reportsin Personnel Administration they will discover thekinds of information that corporations have foundof most value in determining and effectively admins­tering policies. A new catalogue describing all thebooks in this series is now ready for free distribution.Send for your copy.The second, of a series of advertisementsaddressed to the readers of University ofChicago Press Books"THE TRUE UNIVERSITY IS A COLLECTION OF BOOKS "-Carlyle�be 1!1niber�ttp of C!Cbicago jflaga?ineEditor and Business Manager, ADOLPH G. PIERROT, '07.Editorial BoardC. and A. Association-DoNALD P. BEAN, '17.Divinity Association-A. G. BAKER, Ph.D., '21.Doctors' Association-HENRY C. COWLES, Ph.D., '98.Law Asso'Ciation-CHARLES F. McELROY, A.M., '06, J.D., '15.School of Education Association-FLoRENCE WILLIAMS', '16.The Magazine is published monthly from November to July, inclusive, by The Alumni Council of TheUniversity of Chicago, 58th St. and Ellis Ave., Chicago, Ill. The subscription price is $2.00 per year;the price of single copies is 20 cents. ffPostage is prepaid by the publishers on all orders from the UnitedStates, Mexico, Cuba, Porto Rico, Panama Canal Zone, Republic of Panama, Hawaiian Islands, Philip­pine Islands, Guam, Samoan Islands. ffPostage is charged extra as follows: For Canada, 18 cents onannual subscriptions (total $,2.18), on single copies, 2 cents (total 22 cents); for all other countries inthe Postal Union, 27 cents on annual subscriptions (total $2.27), on single 'copies, 8 cents (total 23 cents).URemittances should be made payable to The Alumni Council and should be in the Chicago or New Yorkexchange, postal or express money order. If local check is used, 10 cents must be added for collection.Claims for missing numbers should be made within the month following the regular month of publica­tion. The publishers expect to supply missing numbers free only when they have been lost in transit.All correspondence should lie addressed to The Alumni Council, Box 9, Faculty Exchange, The Univer­sity of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.Entered as second-class matter December 10, 1914, at the Postoffice at Chicago, Illinois, under the Actof March 8, 1879.Member of Alumni Magazines Associated.Vol. XVI. CONTENTS FOR DECEMBER, 1923 No.2FRONTISPIECE: THE 1923 FOOTBALL TEAMCLASS SECRETARIES AND CLUB OFFICERS _ _ . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 43EVENTS AND COMMENT · _ _.... 45ALUMNI AFFAIRS .. _ ....................................•.......................... ,. 47AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF MISS MARGARET WILSON, 'o·±. : , _ 50CHICAGO DEANS (DEAN ERNEST H. WILKINS)....... . . 52NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES........ . 53ATHLETICS , 54THE LETTER Box ,' , . , , , . '.' , , , .. , , . • 55UNIVERSITY NOTES " '.' , ''. . • . . . . . . .. 58LA W SCHOOL ,......................................................... 61SCHOOL OF COMMERCE AND ADMINISTRATION , ...•.................. : .SCHOOL OF EDUCATION , .....• 6264666878BOOK REVIEWSNEWS OF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONS " .MARRIAGES, ENGAGEMENTS, BIRTHS, DEATHS ' " ...............•4142 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETheof the Alumni CouncilUniversity of ChicagoChairman, CHARLES F. AXELSON, '07Secretary-Treasurer. ADOLPH G. PIERROT, '07.THE COUNCIL for 1922-23 is composed of the following delegates:From the College Alumni Association, Term expires 1924, MRS. WARREN GORRELL,'98; CHARLES S. EATON. '00; FRANK McNAIR, '03; MRS. GERALDINE B. GILKEY, '12;PAUL S. RUSSELL, '16; MRS. RODERICK J. MACPHERSON, '17; Term expires 1925, JOHNP. MENTZER, '98; HENRY D. SULCER, '05; CHARLES F. AXELSON, '07; HAROLD H.SWIFT, '07; MRS. DOROTHY D. CUMMINGS, '16; JOHN NUVEEN, JR., '18; Term ex­pires 1926, ELIZABETH FAULKNER, '85; HERBERT I. MARKHAM, '06; HELEN NORRIS,'07; RAYMOND J. DALY, '12; MARTHA NADINE HALL, '17; ROBERT M. COLE, '22.From the Association of Doctors of Philosophy, HERBERT L. WILLETT, PH.D., '96; HERBERT E.SLAUGHT, PHD., '98; MRS. MAYME LOGSDON, PH.D, '21'.From the Divinity Alumni Association, E. J. GOODSPEED, D. B., '97, PH.D., '98; OSCAR D.BRIGGS, ex-'09; A. G. BAKER, PH.D., '21.From the Law School Alumni 'Association, EDGAR J. PHILLIPS, L. L. B., '11; CHARLES F. Me­ELROY, A.M., '06, J.D., '15; HENRY F. TENNEY, PH.B., '13, J.D., '15.From the School of Education Alumni Association, R. L. Ln1:AN, PH.D., '17; MRS. GARRETTF. LARKIN, '21; BUTI..ER LAUGHLIN, Ex. '22.From the Commerce and Administration Alumni Association, FRANK E. WEAKLY, '14;DONALD P. BEAN, '17; JOHN A. LOGAN, '21.From the Chicago Alumni Club ; FRANCIS F. PATTON,'l1; HOWELL W. MURRAY, '14; WILLIAMH. LYMAN, '14.From the Chi'cago Alumnae Club, GRACE A. COULTER, '99; ALICE GREENACRE, '08; MRS. HELENCARTER JOHNSON, '12.From the University, HENRY GORDON GALE, '96, PH.D., '99.Alumni Associations Represented in the Alumni Council:THE COLLEGE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, CHARLES F. AXELSON, '07, The Rookery, Chicago.Secretary, ADOLPH G. PIERROT,.'07, University of Chicago.ASSOCIATION OF DOCTORS OF �HILOSOPHYPresident, HERBERT L. WILLETT, Ph.D., '96, University of Chicago.Secretary, HERBFRT E. SLAUGHT, Ph.D., '98, University of Chicago.DIVINITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, JAMES MCGEE, D.B., '08, 165 York Street, New Haven, Conn.Secretary, CLARENCE W. KEMPER, A.M., '11, D.B., '12, First Baptist Church, Charles­ton, W. Va.LA W SCHOOL ASSOCIATIONPresident, HENRY F. TENNEY, PH.B., '13, J.D., '15, 137 So. La Salle St., Chicago.Secretary. CHARLES F. McELROY, A.M., '06, J.D., '15, 1609 Westminster Bldg., ChicagoSCHOOL OF EDUCATION ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, G. WALTER WILLETT, PH.D., '23, Lyons Township High School, La Grange,Illinois.Secretary, FLORENCE WILLIAMS, '16, A.M., '20, University of Chicago.COMMERCE AND ADMINISTRATION ALUMNI ASSOCIATION·President, DONALD P. BEAN, '17, University of Chicago.Secretary, MISS CHARITY BUDINGER, '20, 6031 Kimbark Ave., Chicago.All communications should be sent to the Secretary of the proper Association or to theAlumni Council, Faculty Exchange, University of Chicago.The dues for Membership in either one of the Associations named above, including sub­scriptions to the University of Chicago Magazine, are $2.00 per year. A holder of two or moredegrees from the University of Chicago may be a member of more than one Association insuch instances the dues are divided and shared equally by the Associations involved.CLASS SECRETARIES-CLUB OFFICERSCLASS SECRETARIES'98. Herman von Holst, 72 W. Adams St. '09 Mary E. Courtenay, 1588 E. Marquette Rd.'94. Horace G. Lozier, 175 W. Jackson Blvd. '10. Bradford Gill, 175 W. Jackson Blvd.'95. Charlotte Foye, 5602 Kenwood Ave.. '11. William H. Kuh, 2001 Elston Ave.'96. Harry W. Stone, 10 S. La Salle St. '12. Harriet Murphy, 4880 Grand Blvd.'97. Scott Brown, 208 S. La Salle St. '13. James A. Donovan, 209 S. La Salle St.'98. John F. Hagey, First National Bank. '14. W. Ogden Coleman, 2219 S. Halsted S1.'99. Josephine T. Allin, 4805 Dorchester Ave. '15. Mrs. Phyllis Fay Horton, 1229 E. 56th St.'00. Mrs. Davida Harper Eaton, 5744 Kimbark Ave. '16. Mrs. Dorothy D. Cummings, 7214 Yates Ave.'01. Marian Fairman, 4744 Kenwood Ave. '17. Lyndon H. Lesch, 230 S. Clark St.'02. Mrs. Ethel Remick McDowell, 1440 E. 66th PI. '18. Barbara Miller, 5520 Woodlawn Ave.'03 Agness J. Kaufman, Lewis Institute. '19. Mrs. Carroll Mason Russell, 5202 Woodlawn.'04. Mrs. Ida C. Merriam, 1164 E. 54th PI. '20. Mrs. Theresa Rothermel. 1222 E. 52nd St.'05. Clara H. Taylor. 5838 Indiana Ave. '21. Katherine Clark, 5724 Kimbark Ave.:g�: �:l�;� ��r�a��hW: rda�; ���e Bldg.. :��: ��ira K�oo:�iS(T;e�:'�� R�;c¥l��:r A���:'08. Wellington D. Jones, Universrty of Chicago All addresses are in Chicago unless .otherwise stated,OFFICERS OF UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO CLUBSAtlanta and Decatur, Ga. (Georgia Club). Club). Sec. Charles H. Loomis, Merch-Pres., M. H. Dewey, Emory University, ant's Loan & Trust Co., St. Paul.Oxford. New York, N. Y. (Alumni Club). Sec ..Boise Valley, Idaho. Sec., Mrs. J. P. Pope, Lawrence J. MacGregor, care Halsey,702 Brumback St., Boise. Stuart & Co., 14 Wall St.Boston (Massachusetts Club). Sec., Mrs. New York Alumnae Club, Sec., Mrs. HelenePauline L. Lehrburg er, 88 Browne St., Pollak Gans, 15 Claremont Ave., NewBrookline. York City.Cedar Falls arid Waterloo (Iowa). Sec., Omaha (Nebraska Club). Sec., Juliette Grif-Alison E. Aitchison, Iowa State Teachers fin, South High School.College, Cedar Falls, la. Peoria, Ill. Sec., Anna]. LeFevre, BradleyChicago Alumni Club. Sec., William H. Ly- Polytechnic Institute.man, 5 N. LaSalle St. Philadelphia, Pa. Pres., W. Henry Elfreth,Chicago Alumnae Club. Sec., Mrs. Fred 21 S. Twelfth St ..Hu.eben�hal, 4119 W,ashington Blvd.. Pittsburgh, Pa. Sec., M. R. Gabbert, Uni-Cincinnati, O. Sec., E. L. Talbert, Univer- versity of Pittsburgh.sity of Cincinnati. Portland, Ore. Pres., Virgil A. Crum, 1313Cleveland, O. Sec., Nell C. Henry, 2074 Northwestern Bank Bldg.East 107th St.. .. St. Louis, Mo. Pres., Bernard MacDonald,Columbus, O. Sec., Mrs. T. G. Phillips, 1486 112 So. Main St.Hunter Ave. Salt Lake City Utah. Pres., W. H. Leary,Connecticut. Sec., Florence McCormick, 625 Kearns Bldg.Connecticut Agr, Exp. Station, New San Francisco, Cal. (Northern CaliforniaHaven. Club.) Sec., William H. Bryan, 406 Mont-Dallas, Tex. Sec., Rhoda Pfeiffer Hammill, gomery St.1417 American Exchange Bank Bldg. Seattle Wash. Pres., Robert F. Sandall,Denver (Colorado Club). Pres., Frederick 603 Alaska Bldg.Sass, 919 Foster Bldg. Sioux City, Ia. Sec., Dan H. Brown, 801Des Moines, Ia. "Sec., Hazelle Moore, Rol- J ones St.lins Hosiery Mills. South Dakota. Sec., Anna Fastenau, SiouxDetroit, Mich. Sec., Lester H. Rich, 1354 Falls, S. D. 'Broadway. Tri Cities (Davenport, Ia., Rock Island andEmporia, Kan. Pres., Pelagius Williams, Moline, Il1.). Sec., Miss Ella Preston,State Normal School. 1322 E. 12th St., Davenport.Grand Forks, N. D. Sec., H. C. Trimble, Tucson, Arizona. Sec., Estelle Lutrell, Uni.University of North Dakota. versity of Arizona.Honolulu, T. H. H. R. Jordan, First Judi- Vermont. Pres., Ernest G. Ham, Brandon,cial Circuit. Vt.Indianapolis, Ind. Sec., Mabel Washburn, Virginia. Pres, F. B. Fitzpatrick, EastH15 Broadway. Radford, Va;Iowa City, la. Sec., Olive Kay Martin, Washington D. C. Sec., Bertha Henderson,State University of Iowa. No.1 Heskett St., Chevy Chase, Md..Kansas City, Mo. Sec., Florence Bradley, West Suburban Alumnae (Branch of Chi-4113 Walnut Street. cago Alumnae Club). Chairman, Mrs.Lansing, Mich. (Central Michigan Club). George S. Hamilton, 367 Franklin Ave.,Sec., Stanley E. Crowe, Mich. Agr, College. River Forest, Ill.Lawrence, Kan. Pres., Professor A. T. Wichita, Kan, Pres., Benjamin Truesdell,Walker, University of Kansas. 412 N. Emporia Ave.Los �ngeles, Ca�. (Southern California FOREIGN REPRESENTATIVESClub). Sec., MISS Eva M. Jessup, 232 .'West Ave. 53. Manila, P. 1. Sec., Dr. LUIS P. Uychutin,Louisville, Ky. George T. Ragsdale, 1483 University of Philippines. .So. Fourth St. Shanghai, China. John Y. Lee. ShanghaiMilwaukee, Wis. Sec., William Shirley, 912 Y. M. C. A...Railway Exchange Bldg. Tokyo, Japan. E. W. Clement, First HlgbMinneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. (Twin Cities Sch001. 43;j:o.;j.>.�t"!Jc::�...._,�t"!J:::0C/j...._,>-j�THE 1923 FOOTBALL TEAMTop Row (left to right): Coaches Crisler, Stagg, Dr. MolanderThird Row: Dickson, Zorn, Henderson, Lampe, King, Gowdy, Greena­baum, Trainer JohnsonSecond Row: Coach Norgren" Abbott, Pondelik, J. Thomas, H. Thomas,Rohrke, Barto, StraussBottom Row: Rolleston, Barnes, Pyott (Captain) Curley, McCarthy o'"lJ@...._,<J�c;]o��c;]�N...._,.�t"!JU n iv ersi ty of ChicagoMagazineTheVOL. XVI No.2DECEMBER, 1923�EVENTS &� �COMMENT�On another page in this number of theMagazine appears a note on a recent freepublic lecture, given by Profes­sor Breasted, under the auspicesof the University, at OrchestraHall. Over three thousand peo­ple crowded the Hall to its capacity andenjoyed one of the most interesting andinforming public lectures ever delivered.The lecture was a University "gift" to thecitizens of Chicago and the great demandfor tickets indicated how widely this public'contribution was appreciated. In editorialcomment the Chicago Evening Post states:"It is something of a departure frorn prec­edent for an educational institution to tellthe general public, as its invited guest at acentrally located, specially leased hall, of itsresearch accomplishments. That, however,is what happened last week when ProfessorBreasted of the University of Chicago heldthe attention of an Orchestra Hall audiencefor nearly two hours with his narrative ofthe opening of the tomb of Tutankharnen."Lectures, presented under such condi­tions, widen the sphere of influence of a uni­versity tremendously. They give the non­university citizen, who has no acquaintancewith modern educational aims and ideals,and who frequently looks on professors asa species of mild lunatic, a reason for revis­ing his opinion-which is good for the uni-,versity. Nor is it a bad thing for the citizenin question to have his mental horizonbroadened by such methods."It isn't always possible, as PresidentBurton mentioned in his introduction ofProfessor Breasted, to make known somecomplicated discovery in astronomy orchemistry in this manner, but there is plentyPublicLectures of other material available which is of wide­spread interest."There should be more of this work."* * *A letter appears in this number which wewish to call to the attention of all alumnidirectly interested in the methodof sale and distribution of foot­ball tickets. As was the case atthe end of the season last year,a special committee has been appointed toinvestigate and make recommendations forsuch changes in the sale and distribution ofthe tickets as may be desirable. This com­mittee has requested the alumni, throughthe Magazine, to send in such criticism asthey may have to make. As the plans forhandling the tickets must necessarily be de­cided upon and worked out months in ad­vance of the actual operation of the plans,now is the time for all who have suggestionsto offer them. It is, of course, the constantaim of the Football Tickets Committee tooperate a plan which, under the recognizedlimitations necessarily imposed, will meetwith the widest general satisfaction amongthe alumni. The committee, therefore, looks'to. the alumni for proper cooperation in of­fering suggestions that will prove adoptable.Last year the plan, first tried in a"pioneering" sense, worked with rather gen­eral acceptance. There was, of course, roomfor iinprovement, as direct experience re­vealed, and some changes, based on thatexperience, were made which resulted inconsiderable improvement. A new footballticket office, located in the Stadium, wasbuilt; complete equipment was installed;more help was employed; some changes insimplification of applications and distribu­tion, particularly with season tickets, wereput into effect; and there was, too, the greatFootballTickets4546 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEadded advantage of having experiencedheads and special workers in charge. Theresult was a much smoother and quickeroperation and better service to ticket pur­chasers in various ways. A very much largernumber of alumni purchased season ticketsthan was fairly calculated from the previousyear's experience, necessitating some unex­pected adjustments in reserved sections; butin the main all alumni were accommodatedas well as the situation permitted. And"scalping" was reduced to practically aharmless minimum.Some changes, however, might well beadvisable in the light of the two years' ex­perience now gained. Certainly manyalumni should have suggestions to offer,and we hope that they will respond to thecommittee's request at this time. We knowthat the committee will welcome all con­structive ideas and suggestions and effortswill be continued to work out plans thatwill result in general, appreciative satisfac­tion among the alumni ..* * *The 1923 football season ended with awell deserved victory over Wisconsin by ascore of 13-6. This game, theThe Football most thrilling contest of theSeason schedule, was a fitting climaxto a successful season. Asusual Chicago and Wisconsin played theirbest football in this closing contest-andfootball of the type that does great honorto both teams. Toward the close of the gameChicago increased in strength and demon­strated team superiority. All of the scoringon both sides was decidedly earned-therewas nothing "fluky" about the three touch­downs. Self-appoin ted "critics" of CoachStagg, who knew little or nothing about thesudden difficulties he encountered in the pre­vious important games, were certainly si­lenced in charging that he "knew nothingabout football except line bucks." Chicagodisplayed an offence as varied as any everseen in a conference game-almost everystyle of attack being used by the Maroons.The winning touchdown, coming late in thesecond half, was scored by a clever, decep­tive play in which Captain Pyott, who hadmade the first touchdown, carried the ball across. It was certainly a great day forCaptain "Jim."The season ended with seven games wonand one game lost. Of the six conferencegames Chicago won five and lost one. Thisdefeat, at Illinois, is the second that Chicagohas met with in the last three years. Since1913, when the "Big Ten" was formed withthe entrance of Ohio State into the confej- ,ence, the first decade of "Big Ten" footballfinds Chicago at the top of the conferencepercentage list. The 1918 S. A. T. C. yearis excluded because of the many differencesin eligibility and other rules in force �uringthe war year. By the sudden transfernng otmen to training camps, teams were oftencompletely disrupted; three days before onegame, for instance, four or five of Chicago'sbest players were sent to a camp in Texas.(These players, incidentally, won the charn ,pionship for their camp in that section.)The Chicago squad was particularly sma[]and never recovered from this and eitherobstacles. Certainly at Chicago, howeverfootball was almost entirely lost sight of iI�the feverish interest in the war. That Chi­cago should head the decade's percentagelist, with almost 70 per cent of games wonis a truly remarkable record, and particu�lady in view of two outstanding facts: (1)Statistics show Chicago to be next to thelowest in number of college men enrolledand lowest in number of men engaged i�physical activities and on the football squad-a great deal smaller in this respect thanthe large state institutions in the conference'and (2') the serious illness of Mr. Stagg'-which deprived the team of his close atten�tion and best efforts for practically twoseasons. .The 1923 season was. decidedly successfuLChicago's main difficulties were the loss ofDickson at end, the failure of John Thomasto recover from an operation for appenrjj ,citis in July as soon as expected, the las+.,minute ineligibility of Harry Thomas beforethe Illinois game, the temporary loss of sev_eral important players during the seasonand lack of a quarterback who fitted natu�rally into that position. But withal, the tea111gave a great account of itself and we canfeel justly proud of our 1923 football record.ALUMNI AFFAIRSALUMNIChicago Alumni Club Football DinnerThe annual Chicago Alumni Club dinnerfor Coach Stagg and members of the foot­ball team was held at the University Clubon Thursday, November 15th. Over 300alumni attended, so that with the team andother guests close to 400 were present. Solarge was the gathering that for the firsttime in the history of this annual event thedinner had to be held in the big main diningroom of the University Club.Howell W. Murray. '14. president of theAlumni Club, presided. In a brief prelim­inary statement "Howie" commented on thelarge gathering present, pointing out thatthe best previous number in attendance atthese dinners was 225. The best previousnumber of club members was reached justprior to the war-close to 300. The presentmembership, he announced, irs 585. He pre­dieted .�some continuity in manage­ment and program was maintained the totalmembership might well reach one thousandduring. the coming- year. He urged the co­operation of all officers and members of theclub to attain a great enrollment.At this point it should be stated that thegreat advance made by the Chicago AlumniClub this year-indeed, in but a few months-is due mainly to the activity of HowellMurray, '14, presi-dent; Paul S. ("Pete")Russell, '16, vice president, and William H.Lyman, '14, secr-etary-treasurer. This triostarted out with a determined policy to makegood on their promises of a large and suc­cessful club made at the time .of their elec­tion last spring. They worked out a definitecampaign, secured real alumni cooperationthroughout the downtown district, establishedan attractive program, and carried throughtheir plans with pronounced success.President Ernest D. Bur ton made his firstappearance and address at a football dinner,in the list of "three minute" speakers. Hebrought a big laugh when he stated thathe had learned for the first time just howlong a "three minute" speech could be. Dr.Burton stated that he believed in athleticsas a definite and worth-while part of col­lege training and he complimented the Uni­versity on having such a man as Mr. Staggto lead that feature of training at Chicago.He announced that the Univer sjty was look­ing to its Alumni for cooperation and heurged that all Alumni, in accordance withthe teachings of team-play which they sawexemplified on the football field, render theright kind of "team-play" in the "biggergame" on behalf of the University.Director Stagg let the Alumni "on theinside" of some of the difficulties a football 47AFFAIRSHowell W. Murray, '14, President ofChicago Alumni Clubcoach must contend with in getting theplayers to execute the right plays at theright time. He stated that Coach Rockne,of the Notre Dame team, had recently cometo him and generously admitted that a cer­tain play which he used against the Armyand which the Eastern papers pronounceda "wonderful" play, was one which Mr.Stagg had given him some years ago. Mr.Stagg invented the play in 1909. The "OldMan" promised that the remaining gameswould see Chicago using a great variety ofplays. .About one-third of the football team warsnot present, because they had examinationsthe following day. Mr. Stagg introducedthe players individually that were present,however, amidst continuous applause andcheering.Witliam H. Lyman, '14, Secretary ofChicago Alumni ClubDean Henry G. Gale, '96, Ph.D. '99, Pro­fessor "Teddy" Linn, '97, Judge "Wallie"Steffen, '10, J.D. '12, "Pete" Russell, '16,and Coach Nelson ("Norgie") Norgren, '14,spoke. These speakers pointed out the greatinterest the Alumni have in the team andurged the team to give their best efforts inthe games for the honor of the University.In every way this was by far the most48 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEsuccessful football dinner ever held by theAlumni Club. The future plans of the clubinclude a dinner to Senator Thurlow G.Essington, J.D.' '08, in January, an educa-tional meeting featured by one of the Uni­versity professors, a basket-ball luncheon,the annual spring business meeting, andprobably a Field Day in June. All membersof. the club are urged to assist in makingall of these scheduled events successful.Central Ohio Alumni Plan Meeting WithPresident BurtonArrangements are being made by our Cen­tral Ohio Alumni Club, at Columbus, fortheir big annual meeting in January, and itis planned to have President Ernest D. Bur­ton present as guest of honor and speaker.This Club has already a number of notablysuccessful meetings to its credit but, in an­ticipation of having President Burton withthem, our Central Ohio alumni are prepar­ing for the greatest gathering of Chicagoalumni ever held in that section of the coun­try. The present officers of the Club are:President, J. G. Collicot, Vice-President,'J. E. Carman, and Secretary-Treasurer, Mrs.T. G. Phillips. Edgar H. McNeal, '97, Ph.D.'02, William S. Harman, '0'0, Roderick Peat­tie, '14, and others are assisting in the ar­rangements for the dinner and meeting. Allalumni residing in the Columbus, Ohio, dis­trict are cordially invited to attend this bigChicago gathering.On December 1, a group of Alumni of theCentral Ohio Alumni Club at Columbus en­tertained Dean Ernest H. Wilkins, ProfessorWilliam A. Nitze, and Professor Henry C.Cowles, Ph.D. '98, at luncheon. About six­teen members of the club were present, with. William S. Harman, '00, presiding. Allthree guests spoke informally on Universityaffairs.Kelly Hall Alumnae Hold MeetingOn Saturday, November 24th, after theexciting victory over Wisconsin, the KellyHall Alumnae Association enjoyed the af­ternoon hour in sipping tea, renewing oldfriendships and forming new acquaintances.Counting husbands, mothers and friendsthere were nineteen who returned, and aboutthe same number of the present residentsof Kelly who joined the party. Miss Fran­ces Gillespie, the new Head resident pouredthe tea, and with Mrs. Dwight Smith (Dor­othy Philbrick, '14) welcomed the guests.Mrs. Shailer Mathews, a former house coun­sellor, was present and made it seem likeold. times to the Secretary, who dates wayback to the class of 1908. The next meetingwill be during the June reunion. The exactdate will be announced later and all whoever lived in Kelly are urged to drop in andlook for old friends.Bertha Henderson Jones.Secretary. Starting Alumni Club at Manhattan, KansasNovember 23, 1923.Dear Mr. Pierrot:We were very much pleased to have Dr.Cowles with us last spring. As a matter offact there are a great many more than thirtyChicagoans in this college. After the meet­ing with Dr. Cowles we found that therewere many more whose names were not 011our list.I fully intend to take up the matter oforganizing a Club very soon. We ought todo it for our own good as well as to expressour loyalty for the aid of the University.Thanking you, and with regards and goodwishes, I am,Very truly yours,Robert K. Nabours, '05, Ph.D. '11.Kansas State Agricultural College,Manhattan, Kansas.Les Angeles Alumni "Watch" Big GamesNovember 28, 1923."FIVE FOOTBALL GAMES FOR THEPRICE OF ONE LUNCHEON"Thus our announcement read for the BigTen Conference football luncheon held atthe Elite in Los Angeles Saturday noon,N ovem ber 24.Two hundred and fifty graduates of Mid-. dle Western universities lunched together.We leased a private Western Union wireand received returns on the five footballgames played by the Big Ten Conference: .Chicago vs. WisconsinIndiana vs. PurdueMichigan vs. MinnesotaIllinois vs. Ohio StateIowa vs. NorthwesternLarge boards were placed in the front ofthe banquet hall and as the wires came, thegames were charted play by play. Of coursethere was wild Chicago enthusiasm when thefinal score came 13 to 6 in favor of our almamater.You lucky Chicagoans who attended thegame will probably smile and label this"vicarious" enjoyment, but we in SouthernCalifornia certainly "got a kick out of it.". Yours very truly,Eva Jessup, '07, Secretary.South Dakota Club MeetingThe South Dakota Alumni Club held aChicago alumni meeting arid banquet duringthe annual meeting of the South DakotaEducation Association at Watertown, S. D.,November 26, 27, and 28. Members of thefaculty present at the association meetingwere the special guests. Professor Earl K.Hillbrand, head of the Department of Edu­cation at Dakota, Wesleyan UniversityMitchell, S. D., who is president of th�South Dakota Alumni Club, was in chargeof the gathering.ALUMNI AFFAIRSChicago Alumnae Club AnnouncementsDecember 8, 1923, Saturday 3 :30-5 :30 IdaNoyes Hall. Reception to Mrs. Ernest De­Witt Burton. Miss Mary McDowell, headresident of the University of Chicago Set­tlement arid Miss Margaret Herdman, thenew director of the Chicago Collegiate Bur­eau of Occupations will receive with the of­ficers of the club.Holida y luncheon. Friday, December 28.1923, 12:30 p. m., Chicago College Club, 153N. Michigan avenue. Chicago. This lunch­eon is called especially for the out of townalumnae who may be visiting in Chicagoduring the holiday season.Reservations at $1.50 per plate beforeDecember 26th to Mrs. Harold A. Miller,% Chicago College Club.Weekly teas are served every Thursdayafternoon in the alumnae room in IdaNoyes hall. Miss Charlotte Foye, the host­ess in charge, hopes to make these teas thegathering place of all out of town alumnaewho may be visiting in Chicago at any time.Athletic classes: swimming, bowling anddancing. Miss Reba Mackinnon, 5455Greenwood Ave., Chicago, telephone HydePark 0386. Basket ball, (if registrations war­rant.) Miss Zilla Shepherd, subchairrnan,7223 Euclid Avenue, telephone Dorchester0769.Folk dancing evening classes for Alumnaeand their husbands and escorts will be con­ducted by Mr. Wellington D. Jones. Fees(in addition to alumnae club dues, but in­cluding locker fee) $3.00 for one class or$4.00 for more. Registration at Ida Noyeshall from 3 :30 to 7 :30 p. m. on December13th or by mail or telephone to Miss Mack­innon or Miss Shepherd.Dr. Slaught Meets Indianapolis AlumniDecember 3, 1923.My dear Mr. Pierret:Sixteen members of the Indianapolis Clubmet for luncheon Saturday, December 1st.Dr. Slaught, the guest of honor, kept every­body interested in his delightful way, giv-. ing his listeners a good idea of what is goingon at the University now and what someof the plans are for the future.Had the hour set for getting together notbeen unusually late to accommodate officerswith other duties, undoubtedly there wouldhave been present many more of the fiftyto whom announcements of the luncheonhad been sent after that number had indi­cated that they were interested in havingthe club continue its activities.Sincerely yours,Mabel Washburn, '18,Secretary Indianapolis Club. 49Peoria Alumni Club-New Officers andPlansThe Peoria (Illinois) Alumni Club haselected as club officers for the present yearthe following:President, Charles C. Dickman, '19, PeoriaLife Building. .Vice-President, Vera Theis, Ex., 512 NewYork Avenue.Secretary- Treasurer, Anna Jewett LeFevre, Ex., Bradley Polytechnic Institute:Directors, C. E. Comstock, GeraldineHadley, and F. A. Stowe.The club is planning a large meeting aboutthis time of the year and aims to have amember of the faculty present to give aspecial lecture.Presdent Burton Addresses Chicago CollegeClub"We are facing a new situation in theworld, especially the college world," saidPresident Burton at a club dinner in hishonor at the Chicago College Club on Octo­ber 25th.There are five and one-half times as manystudents in high school as there were thirtyyears ago: and seven times as many in.colleges, while the population .of the countryhas increased only 50 per cent. Ten timesas many young people are going throughhigh school and college. There are townsin Eastern states and here in the Westwhose high schools have 100 per cent of thepossible high school population. That is asituation unparalleled in the history of theworld."Life for us in America is becoming verymuch more complicated. The developmentof communication has brought problems ofrelationships previously unknown. Scarcelya person whose business or living is notaffected by what happens on the other sideof the world."A third factor is the larger share womenare taking in the life of the world and ineducation. ."These things raise the question: 'Whoought to go to college?' Should all go,' isthe 100 per cent ratio right, or should therebe some principle of selection? Is collegeeducation something to reserve for the few?If so, on what basis will the selection bemade: wealth, family, brains, aptitude?Shall we confine it, as the English noble­man suggested, to the 'higher minds' as dis­tinguished from the 'lower minds;' or shallwe go on as the English educator Thomp­son reported: educating all alike, making nodifference between the good minds and theslower ones."There is an element of truth in both,which we must consider as never before inAmerica. I am rather disposed to think wemust ask the question. 'Who shall go tocollege.' We must discover the type. of(Continued on page 77)50 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE+M- •• -."-KM-MI-II._';' •• -.I-III-IIII- .. N- .. M-IIl-IIIt_ •• _HII_IIII_M._IIt_IIH_""_ ... _""_HK_H..- •• _HII_II._III_ •• _+! iI Autobiographical Sketch of Miss Wilson '04 I1 Author of " The Able Mc La ug h.l i n s ' ' iJ •. i+-,.. __ III-""_IIII_ •• _I'''_14It_IIII1_ •• _II''_""_I .. _II._ •• _ •• _ .. II_1I11-n"- ... -""-II .. - .. 1;I-8"-IIW-81-II.-II.-".-'.-"+(Miss Margaret Wilson, Ph.B;, '04, author of thisyear's prize-winning novel, The Able McLaughlins,has kindly written this biographical sketch for theAlumni Magazine. Her novel, which won the $2,000Harper fiction prize. was one of over 700 novels sub­mitted. She has also written a number of shortstories and sketches for the Atlantic Monthly andother periodical.s. Weare sure her fellow alumni willfind this biographical sketch of unusual interest.)"My dull career promises little. I neverlived in a town large enough to have a book­store, except Chicago, which has only hadone of late. I was born in the town of Traer,in Tama County, Iowa, where not manybooks are bought. I lived for a while inAmes, Iowa, where the state college is, andmy family is still more or less known therethrough business interests, and to some ofthe faculty. Years ago the student body ofthat school was composed largely of youngWilsons."Then I lived in Chicago while I was inthe University. The graduate of '0-:1: mightbe interested in the book (The AbleM cLaughlins), and the University BookStore might, considering the fact that Iloafed through many graduate courses inEnglish in that institution. The Daily Maroonmight be amused to know that I occasion­ally attended Robert Herrick's course on thetechnique of the novel last fall, after thebook was written."I am a member of the Alumnae Club;and of the Chicago College Club, chiefly forgastronomical purposes, but they always ap­plaud my other efforts most kindly."My book is a story written for the sakeof life as I have seen it on the faces I haveloved, about a part of the world which Iprefer. I have told of women of worth anddirectness, who had brains and hearts andeyes and tongues-somewhat unusual or­gans. They had neither typewriters, norproblems, complexes nor poses; but they hadchildren in their homes, beans in their gar­dens, bread in their ovens, and cookies intheir jars."Not only is my mother not a Daughterof Eastern Revolutions, but my father, thatunaspiring man, is not even eligible to mem­bership in the Klu Klux Klan. My fore­bears were in no' sense gentle folk. Yet theywere strong and loving humans. Beingfarmers, they were not good at keeping upappearances. Indeed, they were too poorto have any appearances to keep up. Yetthey could stare reality in the face withoutbatting an eye. They were pleased withgood crops, but they would have beentransported with delight if their continualattempts at versification had, in the gen- Margaret Wilson, '04, Novelisterations, brought forth a slight harvest ofpoetry."'Tis lamentable to consider how greatlythey lacked books of etiquette. I do de­plore that. Still, their creditors slept easyknowing they scorned the lazy evasions ofbankruptcy. They had, in fact, a ratherinteresting collection of scorns, including aScotch abhorrence of American methodsof land-exhaustion. They appreciated thern ,selves too thoroughly to wonder wheth.erthe world appreciated them or not, and theylived far from boastings. -"1 spent the allotted years in the Univej-,sity where I heard for the first time thevenerable eastern method of pronouncingmy native tongue, and upon graduation Iproceeded to India as a missionary.v-whyI am not altogether able to say, nor am Isure I would say should I be able."Being of a submerging disposition, I sankdeeper into that country than the wise dointo Hindustan and Hindustani; into th�Punjab, and the Punjabi: into Gurmukhsand Gurmukhi; all of which are unsettlingelements. I associated there happily with thosewho live without clocks, without money, with­out newspapers, without reservation, withoutintelligence, without despair. But of all thatAUTOBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF MISS WILSONI shall write, perhaps, in my missionarybook, 'The Institution of the Dear Love ofComrades,' which may appear sometimemaybe. I left India when I did because ifI had not I should have died quite futilely ofcompassion. And when I wrote of Indiathen, I signed myself 'An Elderly Spinster'because I was at that time the oldest womanin the United States."Since I have been home, my native landhas surprised me more enduringly than Indiaever managed to. That oriental interludehad been, I found, an isolating experience.When Americans went on writing and talk­ing and babbling before me, I was, alas!the only Cine who really knew what theywere writing and talking and babbling about,and they were all so young and innocent thatI couldn't manage to tell them. I wantedaltogether to be one of them. I concludedthat while it was likely impossible for themto recover from what they fortunately didn'tknow, it was probably impossible for me torecover from what I unfortunately did know.I didn't realize then that the years had ab­sconded with my American point of view,and left me in its place, a mongrel attitude.I only knew that Chicago is an excellentplace for forgetting any sort of wisdom."Excellent, perhaps, but not good enough,it seems. I still find myself getting excitedby wonders no one else can behold. Some­times through the kindness of a ticket­holder, I go to the Friday concert, andthere, in the midst of the symphony, thesight of that audience seizes and shakes me,-the amazing sight of those rows and rowsof bodies, sitting there louscless ! I am con­strained to realize· that perhaps not evenone of them has so much as an in-law whois a habitation for cooties. Then my im­potent imagination staggers as I try to re­construct the steps of that collossal achieve­ment of personal cleanliness, the patient anddetermined hours and years and generationsof washing and boiling and searching whichhave incredibly accomplished it. I considerthat, because I have been one of millions ofwomen who have both patiently and deter­minedly failed to completely to achieve it.And I shudder to remember how near Icame to selling my birthright of unbitten,uncrawling fastidiousness for not even adigestible mess of pottage, but, as it were,for a stale red pepper boiled in mustard.And I alone have to go on .in my mind'seye writing the next chapter of my book 011 51international politics, called 'Cooties andSelf-Determination.'"And then I go forth upon Michigan ave­nue, and am confronted by the phenomenonof a bare-faced and uncontrolled woman­hood, whose members, if one should butsuggest their freedom be not always takenfor granted, would but bare their bosomsand assert their legs to fortify their faces,and rage more politically than ever. And Imarvel alone."However, wild or tame, veiled or naked,I am, thank goodness, one of them. In thisland, if one is to write, one should by allmeans arrange to be a woman. For is itnot true, as the comparatively masculinenovelists complain, that a predominance offeminine readers puncture the puffs ofmasculine genius, and disintegrates manlymasterpieces by childish and sentimentalinterpretations; while women's productionscan only gain in worth and beauty by theinstructive comments of virile critics. Ihave, moreover, the great advantage of writ­ing consciously and unconsciously forwomen with no fear that their desired ap­proval may contaminate whatever purity ofstyle I may attain; and from a point of viewentirely feminine, for which-do I apol­ogize? I do not. I know a trick worth twoof that. I learned it where women goveiled and humble and, incidentally, mosta wfully devilish."But as I was saying: being what Jamesso sweetly calls a victim of consanguinity­albeit a coddled and pampered victim-Iwas constrained to spend some time in Chi­cago, though of course. a Chicagoan isexactly what an Illinois farmer like myselfmost instinctively is not. I happened atthat time to get a chance to teach in a realschool, where I taught with delight andsatisfaction to myself until human catastro­phies befell the school, and I was fired.When I was looking about trying to per­suade some other institution to let me amusemyself within it, I chanced to hear anAmerican lecture, a famous American, calledby some the dean of American letters, andby others, the grandpa of American trash.That burning patriot lambasted his exoticcountrymen in a way so truly diverting thatI resolved then and there to write myselfa story wholly American. Then the funbegan for me. It lasted three years inter­mittently. If it continue even mildly forsomeone who reads it, I share her gratifi­cation."52 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE+"_IIII_ ... _IIII_IlII_IIII_IIII_IIII_IIII_lln_IIII_IIII_IIII_1111-111I-IIII-n-IIII-IIII-IIII-II,I-IIII-II .. _IIII_IIM_"8_1111_111I_lltI_I .. _II .. _+& it � Chicago Deans � i: � "They Lead and Serve" �-I! . i+-""-lIn-ltII_ItII_'III_IIII_IIU�IIII_III1_I1I1_UII_lIn_IlI1_IIII_II_11II_HII_IIII_nll_IU'_UII_HH_lIn_NI'_IIH_MU_IIII_M"_IIM_IIU_II+I n accordance with the aim of PresidentBurton to establish closer contact betweenthe student and the University officials andfaculty, the staff of Col­lege deans has been en­larged to ten. At thehead of these deans Er­nest H. Wilkins hasbeen appointed Dean ofthe Colleges of Arts,Literature and Science.The appointment of Pro­fessor Wilkins to thisfundamentally importantdeanship is a happy one,as he combines in unus­ual measure a wisely bal­anced appreciation of theproper relation betweenundergraduate scholar­ship and undergraduateactivities. Concerning the"small college" contactand humanizing aimDean Wilkins says:"The enlargement inthe staff of college deansmakes possible the as­signment to each dean ofa smaller number of stu­dents than has hereto­fore been possible, and inconsequence a m 0 r e .nearly personal type of relation betweeneach dean and each of the students assignedto him. We hope thus to humanize in in­creasing measure the relation of the Univer­sity and the student. We hope also to raiseto .a higher level the general quality of theintellectual life and work of the undergradu­ate body. This end also we shall seek toattain largely by promoting more individual­ized methods of instruction and administra­tion. We intend to devote much thoughtand care to methods of special guidanceand encouragement for the ablest students."Ernest H. Wilkins .was born September14, 1880, at Newton Centre, Mass., the sonof a banker. After attending the grammarand. high schools of Newton Centre he en­tered Amherst College, where he obtainedhis A. B. in 1900. During his undergraduatedays he was active in public speaking, onthe board of the Literary Monthly, and wasa' member of Delta Kappa Epsilon and ofPhi Beta Kappa. For four years, 1900-04he was instructor in Romance Languagesand Latin at Amherst, and for six years, 1906-12, he was instructor in Romance Lan­guages at Harvard. During this period hecontinued graduate study, at Johns Hop­kins for one year, and at Harvard. In 1910he received his Ph. D. atHarvard. In 1920 Am­herst conferred on himthe honorary degree ofLitt. D., and in the sameyear the Italian Govern­ment bestowed upon himthe honor of Cavalieredella Corona d'Italia.Dr. Wilkins came tothe University of Chica­go in 1912 as AssociateProfessor of RomanceLanguages, in which de­partment he is now Pro­fessor. He is chairmanof the Committee on Ro­mance Languages of theModern Language Asso­ciation and is the authorof Dante - Poet andApostle, Concordance tothe La tin Works ofDante, of a translation ofessays by Papini, calledFour and Twenty A1inds.and Editor of the U ni­versity of Chicago 1 talia IISeries. He is a member ofthe Quadrangle and U n i­versity clubs, of the American Associationof University Professors, and N. E. A., andthe Dante and Italy-America societies. Dur­ing the Great War Professor Wilkin wasvery active in various capacities and servedfor almost a year, 1918-1919, as Director ofthe Educational Bureau of the National WarWork Council of the Y. M. C. A., in chargeof Y. M. C. A. educational work carried 011:in the camps in this country.On June 12, 1906, he married Oriana Phil­lips Hall. There are two children, Eleanorand Robert. 'Dean Wilkins was the guest of our Cen­tral Ohio Alumni Club at Columbus earlythis month. In his new position he hasquickly won the confidence and cooperationof the entire undergraduate body. Open­mindedness, fairness, friendliness, and per­sonal, helpful interest are outstanding char­acteristics in his attitude and service. Invarious ways he is carrying out the policyof humanizing student and University rela­tions with striking success. He encourages(Continued on page 60)Dean Ernest H. Wilkins.Dean Ernest H. Wilkins.NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES 53NEW"S OF THEQUADRANGLE·SStaging of Settlement Night, the choos­ing of the staffs for Blackfriars and thewomen's portfolio production, the electionof class officers and the visit of GeneralJoseph Haller, Commander-in-chief of thePolish armies, to the campus were the chiefsocial events of interest during the pastmonth.The Settlement Night campaign, which isbeing held for the seventeenth time, prom­ises to be the best and most successful thathas yet been completed. Though the teamsare having a little difficulty in getting dona­tions sufficient to reach the quota of eightthousand dollars set by the general chair­man, Arthur Cody and Hester Weber, never­theless the latter expect to obtain an amountfrom Settlement Night sufficient to make upthe balance. At present the wo meri's teamslead the men by about a thousand dollars,a situation which occurs every year. LauraChamberlin's team leads the women witha total of $293,00 donated, and Amiee Gra­ham's team is a fairly close second with$227.00. Seward Covert heads the man with$158.00 collected, Dodd Healy being sec-. ond with $145.00.All the usual appendages of SettlementNight were used this year. The vaudeville,which was better than ever, had as its fea­tures Frier McCollister and Donald Me­Ginnis, who starred in the "Isabelle Inn"number of Blackfriars last year, and. tworeviews by the Mortar Board and Quad­rangular clubs, the former starring DixieDavis. and the latter having Martha Adamsand Edith Brigham in its leading roles.Louis Sterling and Martha Bennett man­aged the show. A new feature of Settle­ment Night was the holding of two Settle­ment Night dances at the Phi Kappa Psiand Psi Upsilon houses. These danceswere managed by. Catherine Campbell andWilliam Drake, and helped materially inswelling the. general.fund. As usual boothswere .erected in the North. hall of the Rey­nolds club, while two orchestras played fordancing in the south room.The staff for the 1924 production of black­friars was chosen by the Board of Super­iors, which consists of Bester Price, (Ab­bott), John Coulter, Russell Pierce, GaleKahnweiler and Charles Dwinnel. as fol­lows: Chorus Manager, Burr Robbins; Cos­tume: Paul Cullom, asst. Robert Carr;Press: Leslie River, asst. Victor Wisner;Property: George Bates, asst. Tom Mul­roy; Scenery: Jack Kirk, assts. JamesWines, George Downing, and Leland Green­leaf; Publicity : William Pringle, asst. Les- ter Blair; Box Office: Albert Hillman; Or­chestra; Lester Burgess; Score: Don Irwin,asst. George Hoffman; Program: PaulBarry, assts. Theodore Weber, and Her­bert De Young; head usher; Daniel Proth­ero; Electrical; Ethan Granquist. The scen­ario for'" the 1924 show will be chosen sometime during the winter quarter; tryouts willbe held in the spring.Shortly after the announcement of theselections for the men's show, came the se­lection of the women's staff for the biennialwomen's production, the Portfolio. "Ragga­muffin Road" is the name of the book whichwas written by Edith Heal; tryouts, bothfor the writing of the music, and the partsin the cast and the chorus are being heldnow, though no definite selections have beenmade as yet. The General Manager of theproduction is Weir Mallory, assistant wom­en's editor of "The Daily Maroon." MissMallory fills much the same position as thatof the Abbott in Blackfriars, and has com­plete supervision over the entire production.The other staff selections follow: Busi­ness manager, Edna Keim; Production man­ager, Martha Bennett; publicity man­ager, Catherine Rawson; stage manager,Lucille Thrasher; dramatic coach, MarieBachrach; chorus coach, Dixie Davis' re­hearsal mistress, Dorothy Greenleaf;' setsand. lights, Elizabeth Hymen; properties,Louise Allen; costumes, Elizabeth Elson;programs, Jane Cannell; advert; sing, Mil­dred Cohn, scores, Helen Wooding; ticketsand box office, Martha Olds; photography,Helen Burns; head usher, Dorothea Pfister;poster contest, Elizabeth Barrett; musiccontest, Edith Heal.Interest ran higher in class elections thisyear than ever before. A 1 new system wasinstituted in nomination and voting byDean E. H. Wilkins leading to a muchlarger number of votes being cast, by havingall nominating and voting carried on byeach class during its chapel hour. As wasexpected, this resulted in double the amountof votes being cast.In the senior class, John Thomas, all­American full-back on the Maroon footballteam, was elected president ahead of WillisZorn, Stagg's other star fullback. DorothyMcKinley was elected vice-president, JuliaRhodus, secretary and Louis Sterling, lastvear's treasurer, was re-elected this year.In the junior class, . Frier McCollister de­feated Jack Kirk by three votes, the closestrace; Elsa Allison is vice-president, WeirMallory, secretary, and Philip Barto, Treas-mer,54 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEFranklin Gowdy, '25, for two years oneof the mainstays of the Varsity line astackle, was named to head the Maroon grid­men for the 1924 season at a meeting of histeam mates held recently following the closeof the 1923 season. The election of Gowdywas unique in the annuals of Maroon cap­tain elections, coming after the voting mem­bers of the football squad had been dead­locked on a leader for over an hour. Thetie in the ballotting was finally broken whena member of the squad who had forgottenabout the election recovered his memoryin time to get in on the voting. His ballotbroke the tie.Gowdy came to the University of Chi­cago two years ago after spending his fresh­man season at the University of Michigan.Although a senior at present, and a memberof Owl and Serpent, the senior honor so­ciety, he does not graduate until the autumnquarter of 1924 and hence will be eligiblefor the football season. Other candidateswho were nominated for the captaincy wereHarry Thomas. Joe Pondelik and ElmerLampe, the latter two being eliminated onthe first ballot.At the same noontime banquet at whichthe election was held, nineteen members ofthe Varsity squad were awarded major let­ters for work in the season just completed.They were: Harry Thomas . .T ohn Thomas.Elmer Lampe, Campbell Dickson, CaptainJames Pvott, Austin McCarty, Roswell Rol­leston, Lloyd Rohrke, Harrison Barnes.Philip Barto, Fred Henderson. GerdonStraus. Willis Zorn, Robert Curley, Wil­liam Abbott, Michael Greenebaum. RalphKing. Toe Pondelik. and Captain-electFranklin Gowdv. Of the nineteen. TohnThomas. Capt. Pvott, Rohrke. Strauss, Zorn.Greenabaum, and King finished their foot­ball (,::lreers when the final whistle blew atthe Wisconsin game.Jim Pyott wound up his undergraduateathletic career in a blaze of glory, makingboth of the Maroon touchdowns that figuredin the 13-6 victory. and negotiatin a bothof the-» with brilliant runs. The Maroonsscored f rst in the' contest but failed the trvfor point and were tied by the Badgers justbefore the end of the third quarter. Pyott'ssecond touchdown that decided the gamecame after a brilliant triple pass andbrought the ball from mid-field to the Bad­ger fifteen yard line. from which the Ma­roon leader. after several plays took theball over, with about five minutes to play ..The week before, the Varsity defeatedOhio State with a score of 17-3. Hoge Workman's brilliant work at quarter forOhio State could not make up for the gen­eral weakness of his team mates.Despite the brilliancy of the senior menon this year's squad, prospects for a WIn­ning team next season seem equally brightas the outlook was at the start of this year.Austin McCarty will step into the hole leftby the Thomas and Zorn fullback combin­ation, while Harrison Barnes, due to thegames he played during Camj.bell Dick­son's illness, is already trained to step in atend. Rolleston, who subbed for LloydRohrke this season, played in all the gamesand was regarded by many as a regular. Heis a consistant player and will fill the for­mer's position adequately except in thedrop-kicking department, where Stagg musttrain a new man. The only hole of seriousimport is the position of center, where thegraduation of both Ralph King and "Mike"Greenabaum leaves the position without atested candidate. Present indications pointto George Scott, who played this year withthe yearling squad, as one of the leadingcompetitors for the positions, while othergrid "dopsters" think that Gowdy will beswitched from his present position to cen­ter. This would have the obvious advantageof allowing a roving center, which has neverbeen possible with King, due to his Jack ofspeed.With the football season out 'of the way.all sport fans on campus are turnmg theirattention to basketball, where the prospectsfor successful season seem to be unusuallvbright. Captain Dickson and Barnes ar-eboth back for the two forward positionswhile Harold Alyea, former all state for�ward of Kansas, 'seems, sure of the centerberth. Last year's Duggan-Weiss combin­ation is. back for the two guard jobs. butseems likely to be broken up by ElmerBarta, the brilliant freshman from CedarRapids, ,la., former high school team mateof Harrison Barnes. Barta will finish hisfreshman year this quarter and will be el­igible for the basketball season.With the approach of the winter season 'all winter sports are rapidly getting unde;way. The trackmen. who have their firstmeet January 18 with Northwestern, areholding daily workouts in Bartlett. whileCoach White's swimmers are preparing forconference competition both in the meetevents and water basketball. Positions allthe wrestling team have been filled and sev,'erel meets booked for the coming yearThe fencers, under Capt. Frier McCollister'are also preparing for the winter season. 'Clifford Utley, '2;,).THE LETTER BOX 55i,"IIIIIUIIIUIIIIIIIIIIIUIIIIIIIIUIIIIIIIIUHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII UlIIIIIIIDNIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIlIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIUIUUIIIIIIIIIIIIII1I1111111111t111111111�i Q The Letter Box . Q 1=;;',11111111,111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111,1111101111lIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIlUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIUIli1IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIUIIIIIIIIIIIII.,uaau.Request for Football Tickets SuggestionsNovember 26, 192R.To the Editor,L l\"IYERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE.It may help the work of the Committeeon the method of sale of football tickets ifyou would publish the following in theAlumni Magazine:"The undersigned have been appointeda Committee in connection with theoperation of the plan for selling foot­ball tickets. Any criticisms or sugges­tions will be of assistance and will bewelcome. Please write what you haveto say to one of the Committee.William Scott Bond ('97),25 No. Dearborn St., Chicago.Paul S. Russell ('16).Harris Trust and Savings Bank,111 West Monroe St., Chicago.Russell Pettit ('24),University of Chicago."Appreciation of a Generous Intention­Recognition of Alumni GiftsNovember 16, 1923.Mr. Edgar J. Goodspeed,The University of Chicago.Dear Edgar: Mr. Woodward of the LawSchool told me last night of an instancewhich Dean Hall had recited to him, wherea German student at the University, whohad returned home after his graduation butwho was drafted by the German governmentand killed in the war, had left in his will to theUniversity what at that time was the equiv­alent of several hundred dollars but which.of course, is now worth less th'an a penny.Mr. Woodward made the point that he be­lieved we should make it a part of our per­manent record as indicating the spirit of theman, even though we don't realize from it.I remember some such instance as this,although I am not sure whether it was fromsome reference at a Board meeting orwhether it had some publicity. or what thefacts were-perhaps, indeed, from theAlumni Magazine. I am not clear whetherthis case is another one or the 'same that Ihave hazily in my mind. In any event, Ihope you will clear the facts and be surethat proper record is made regardless ofwhether it gets into our financial records.I think the University should make a par­ticular point to see that all alumni gifts andespecially bequests are somewhat featuredin the Magazine and that each statementshould indicate how much the Universityappreciates the remembrance.Yours sincerely.Harold H. Swift. An Opportunity for Some AlumniAssistanceFollowing are extracts from two letterswritten by Miss Mary A. Nourse, '05, fromPeking, China, to President Burton: .."The American school is getting to bemore and more a feature of the Orient andschools for American children are croppingup everywhere. This winter representa­tives of the various schools met in Shanghaito make plans for making our schools moreuniform, and since then we have been work­ing on curricula."We in Peking are looking forward togetting into our new building this fall. Aneed that I feel very much and one whichthere seems to be little hope of being ful­filled is a reference library. Knowing yourinterest in libraries, I have wondered if youknew of any plan by which we might hopeto get books for use in the High School.Would, for instance, the Alumni of the Uni­versity of -Chicago be interested in theAmerican High School children in Peking?There are children from the legation, mis­sionaries, and business people, all of whomare preparing for college.""The school is for American children inPeking and the high school is in very greatneed of reference books for history, English,or any high school subject. We haven't anencyclopedia even. The foreign (that isAmerican and European) population is sosmall in Peking that there are of course nopublic libraries.in English-so we have littleto depend upon but our own resources. TheAmerican children in the Orient are a prob­lem, but a very interesting one, I find."(Note: Mr. Edward A. Henry, head of.the Reader's Department, Harper MemorialLibrary, will be glad to forward any booksto Miss Nourse, sent to him in response tothe above letters. He can be addressed:Harper Memorial Library, _U niversity ofChicago. Any Alumni who have bookssuitable for high school purposes andlibraries are urged to send them to Mr.Henry as soon as convenient.)"Chicago Versus Oxford"Berkeley, Califoruia.Enclosed please find dues for currentmembership in the Alumni Association ofChicago. I have just returned from four­teen months spent abroad and found amongaccumulated and un forwarded letters yourrecent appeal for a 100 per cent Alumnimembership.I think a foreign residence has made mea more real American, and I am hasteningto join the Alumni group. I spent thespring term of this current year (called the56 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEsummer term there) at Oxford University,in study, arid T do not hesitate to say that,fDr a real education and progressive ideals,Chicago is far in the lead of this EnglishUniversity; I think it is time we overthrewthe false idols and realized what excellentopportunities we have in our own land; andso I am seizing an early opportunity ofsaying so.Thanking you for all favors, and -withbest wishes for the alumni growth, I amVery truly yours,Grace B. Dotts, '08.From a Sure-enough Chicago "Rooter"My dear Mr. Pierrot:Please pardon my delay in answering yourgood letter' of September 27 in which youenclosed slips giving the words or the Uni­versity songs and also applications for mem­bership to the Alumni Council of theUniversity.,It is with profound regret that I mustrefrain from filling out one of these applica­tions, as I am not eligible. I am sincerewhen I say that I would give a good deal ifthat were not the case.My interest in Chicago and the Maroonsgoes back to the days of Clarence Hersh­berger, Gordon Clarke, Walter Kennedy,Frank Slaker, and a lot of other good onesdown through the years to Hugo Bezdek,Marc Catlin, Walter Eckersall, "Wallie"Steffen, "Pat" Page, "J ack" Agar, "Bill"Crawley, "Shorty" Desjardien, etc. As aboy I have often climbed the fences at whatwas then "Marshall Field," in order to seethe game. This was thirty years ago, orI wouldn't talk about it.In spite of my lack of official connectionwith the University and the fact that I amno longer. a youngster, I am just as en­thusiastic over the Maroons as I ever wasand I don't believe you have very manyAlumni who pull for them much harderthan I do.When I mentioned the nine ex-Chicago­ans, I did not intend to mislead you intothinking that they were ex-Chicago students,which is not, the case, but they are all ex­residents of Chicago. I assure you that thesongs which you sent me will be used togood advantage.Thanking you for your courtesy, I remainYours very truly,A. M. Penhallow.Mishawaka, Indiana.Another Use for the BandDear Mr. Pierrot:Your' membership appeal was quite toomuch for me-I have been unable to restsince I received it. 'Get out the band andcelebrate the return' to the fold of a lostsinner! Sincerely yours,. . E. C. Kelley, '20. Appreciation of Former Dean SmallNovember 27, 1923.My dear Sir:The announcement in the November issueof the UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE thatDr. Albion W. Small has decided to retirefrom the position of Dean of the GraduateSchool of Arts and Literature will causeconflicting emotions in the hearts of manyformer students of the University of Chicago.The first impression will be one of regretthat this distinguished scholar is retiringfrom the position that he has held with suchdistinction for eighteen years. On the 'otherhand, his former students will rejoice thathe is being relieved of the burden of admin­istrative duties. I am sure I give expressionto the views of countless hundreds of Dr.Small's former students in saying that hisretirement from the deanship means thathe will have more time for productive schol­arship in the field in which he has been anotable leader for many years.Most sincerely yours,W. B. Bizzell (,12),President.A. and M. College of Texas,College Station, Texas.'75 Greets Us From LouisianaAlumni Council,University of Chicago.Dear Sirs and Comrades: Yours of the6th is received this evening. Please findenclosed $2' for renewal. Your letter aloneis worth many times "two dollars." I sin­cerely thank you all for your patience withme. I would rather live for a week on"Korn & Klauber" than to refuse you-butI won't have to resort to the Klauber.Fifty years ago "Chicago" taught me howto avoid that. I believe in Chicago and"Chicago." Hurrah for both! And thankyou for Dr. Burton's address, too!.Y ours to the core,]. Staley, '75.Louisiana Children's Home Society, ] en­nings, Louisiana.We Listen in on ShanghaiMy dear Pierrot:Very glad to hear from you. If the U.of C. Magazine were to fail to reach us,we certainly would book passage to get backto America. You might be interested inknowing what is happening to us, My firstjob was to make a publishing house, doing$100 turnover a year, make money. Afterthat was done, I was the "goat" in havingto sell it. The only foreigner in the place.After September 15th (1923) I shall beassistant cashier in the American-OrientalBank, Shanghai. Remember me to thefriends of yore, and bet on both Mr s.. Bowen(Louise Mammen, '20) and rriyself beingon deck for reunion about 1926.Yours very sincerely,,. Milton M. Bowen, '21.THE LETTER BOXOn Some Educational Conditions in RussiaAmerican Section, European Student Relief,.;, Malaya Bronnaya 4a, Moscow, Russia.. October 9, 1923.Dear Mr. Pierrot:Enclosed is a check for ten dollars, thefinal payment to the Alumni Fund.,I am staying in Russia another year WIththe American Section of European StudentRelief. Those of us who have remainedwere much interested in the article in theJuly University Map-azine, "University LifeUnder the Soviets.' After reading It onemight wonder why we continue to feed andclothe students in Russia.Though conditions have improved duringthe last year, the economic position of thestudent class is not much better. The 111-troduction of the tcervontce has brought ina new money standard which makes pricesmore stable and higher. Students who haveno regular employment must buy food, �ndclothing at prices paid by workers r ecervinga fairly good wage.Naturally the changes in the universitiesare very great. A different class of studentsis found in the earlier years-graduates ofthe Workers 'Faculty and students sent bythe professional unions. The up�er classesreceive the greater part of our relief.But to be perfectly fair, one must .grantthat there is another side to the picturedescribed in the professors' letters, For­merly universities. and technical ,schools, 111Russia were accused of being impracticalTheir aim was to produce scholars. Littleconnection was made between the trainmga student was getting and his future voca­tion' Some students found it easy to makestudy their life vocation. Now the univer­sities are forced to another extreme-ma­terialism carried to the nth degree. Voca­tion and training are so closely connectedthat in Moscow the professional union is theonly authorized student organiz�tion.. Alleducational institutions are getting rid ofdawdlers through .new examination require­ments-not unlike. the American system.Many of the' reforms are established prac-tices in our colleges. 'Though all education is decidedly underthe thumb of the government, there is morefreedom of thought than. people at homesuppose. The fact that the July numb.er ofthe University Magazine came unclippedthrough the regular mail-the. A�A pouchhaving departed WIth the orgal1lZatlOJ}-lll.dl-,cates an improvement 111 another directionin the last year.'P.rofessor Lasareff,. who has been doing.research in physics at special institute hereand has arrived at something frightfullyimportant and terribly abstruse, has just leftfor. America. His' plans were rather indefi­nite, but I think he expects to visit theUniversity- .of Chicago ..Yours .sincerely, .,_Elizabeth Bredin, '13. 57Concerning Some Affairs in IndiaM. E. Mission,Club Back Road,Byculla, Bombay, India,September 21, 1923.Dear Mr. Pierrot:I believe my subscription to the UN IVER::"SITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE expired last May.I am enclosing $3.00. This is more than oneyear's subscription amounts to, but will youplease apply the balance on the next year'ssubscription? I have J}ot forgotten your. re­quest to write something for the Magazine,but it seems there is nothing suitable.I might have written an account of the.riots and our experiences in it, which oc­curred nearly two years ago, on' N overnber17 1921 when the Prince of Wales visitedIn'dia, but at that time it seemed unwise towrite things which might be published. TheAli Brothers and Mr. Gandhi were arrestedabout the time the Prince left India. Since.then the country is much quieter, but thenon-cooperation movement is by no meansdead. One or both of the Ali Brothers werereleased from prison recently-Gandhi isstill in prison near Paona, about 120 milesfrom Bombay.Nagpur, in Central Provinces, has beenthe scene of more recent non-cooperationactivities. For months daily attempts weremade to place the National flag on Govern-'ment House in Nagpur. Large numberswere arrested daily. They wanted to fill allthe jails, hoping thus to win sympathy fortheir cause. I think these efforts have ceasedin Nagpur. I have seen no mention of themin the oapers recently.The latest excitement was a bad flood inBombay yesterday. Even when other partsof Bombay have been flooded our sectionhas never been flooded. Yesterday the waterwas knee-deep in the streets around our'bungalow and about 8 inches deep in ourcompound. Details, are not yet known, sowe do not know the extent of the damage ..I have charge of Marathi Day Schools andHindustani Zenana work._ Had the pleasure.of meeting and entertaining Mrs. RuthGrimes Ewing, '15, when she came to Iridia.Yours sincerely,Leona :E. Ruppel, '16.An Unusual Request of Athletics Dept."Chicago Football Club.To the Receiver of this Note:"A German athlete makes an ernest plea'to a fortunate foreign friend. The questionat hand is about a favor, if you should heso inclined to help an athlete who has beenimpoverished through the failure of athleticsduring these hard. times, Will you or �he,club do the very kind favor of exchangingmoney with him.. . '. •."Be assured that I greet you WIth heartyGerman felicitations."Kurt Michael."Wilhelmshaven, Ger.'"58 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINERollin D. Salisbury Memorial FundThe University announces that a C0111-mittee, consisting of Thomas E. Donnelley.chairman, from the Board of Trustees; Pro­fessor H. H. Barrows, chairman of the De­partment of Geography; Professor E. S.Bastin, chairman of the Department of Geol­ogy, and two other persons not members ofthe Board of Trustees or of the Universityfaculties, has been appointed to raise a fundof $100,000 to $150,000 to be known asthe Rollin D. Salisbury Memorial Fundfor the Promotion of Research in the Fieldsof Geology and Geography.The income from the fund is to be used forthe following specific classes of projects:(a) Field research expeditions; (b) officeand laboratory researches; (c) research fel­lowship grants to graduate students of spe­cial promise for the conduct of specificresearches; (d) aid in the publication of re­search results when such publication cannotbe otherwise arranged; and (e) other pro­jects that come appropriately under thecaption of promotion of research.Professor Salisbury, who for over twentyyears was dean of the Ogden GraduateSchool of Science, head of the Departmentof Geography for sixteen years, and head ofthe Department of Geology at the time ofhis death in 1922', left a bequest to theUniversity of a large fund for the endow­ment of a scientific fellowship. Dean Salis­bury's influence was widely extendedthrough graduates in geology and geographywho have gone to important positions inmany educational institutions.Gift of Two Hundred Volumes from Pre­fessor ManlyThe University has just received a gift ofover two hundred volumes, many of themrare books of the sixteenth century, fromProfessor John Matthews Manly, head ofthe Department of English at the Univer­sity. Three of them are incunabula, that is,books printed in the fifteenth century. Thisgift of Professor Manly's increases the Uni­versity's list of such printings to 134.Professor Manly has recently received avolume written and published in his honor,entitled The Manly Anniversary Studies inLanguage and Literature. It was presentedto him by his students and associates on thecompletion of his twenty-fifth year as headof the Department or English in the Uni­versity of Chicago, and contains" more thanforty critical .contributions on literary andlinguistic themes. The Downtown College of the UniversityThat a downtown college, maintained bythe University of Chicago for the conven­ience of teachers in Chicago and suburbanschools and for others regularly engagedin business or professional work, is meetinga ,great need, is shown by the recent recordof University College on Michigan Avenue.For "he current year it has enrolled 2,300different students in 263 courses. Of thesestudents almost 400 were drawn from 70suburban communities. Twenty-six youngmen and young women who received· de­grees at the recent Convocation representedUniversity College. The new Dean of theCollege is Associate Professor Emery T.Filbey, '17, of the College of Education.ANew Paleontologist at the UniversityDr. Alfred S. Romer, newly appointed As­sociate Professor of Vertebrate Paleontol­ogy in the University, comes to the Uni­versity from New York City, where hisresearches were carried on under theauspices of the American Museum of Nat­ural History and where he was also con­nected with the Department of Anatomy ofNew York University.Since the death of Professor Samuel Wen­dell Williston in 1918, the collection andpreparation of vertebrate remains has beenactively continued by the Associate Curatorof Walker Museum, Paul C. Miller, whohas secured for the University large collec­tions of fossil remains-many of them ex­traordinarily perfect and well preserved, andmany of them new to science.During the sixteen years of his connectionwith the University of Chicago, ProfessorWilliston, a distinguished authority in hisfield and author of American Permian Ver­tebrates and Water Reptiles of the Past andPresent, devoted himself mainly to the studyof the higher forms of vertebrate life. Withthe assistance of Mr. Miller collections weremade in the Texas and New Mexico Per­mian beds during ten seasons, and there wasbuilt up in Walker Museum the most val­uable collection of early vertebrate remainspossessed by any institution in the world.The field of work of the Walker Museu--,expeditions has now been shifted to theMiocene beds of western Nebraska and tothe Oligocene of the "bad lands" of SouthDakota. From these regions large collec­tions of well-preserved fossils have beenobtained, and among the remains found inthe single season of 1922 were those of acamel, giant pig, water-deer, saber-toothedcat, and three-toed horse.UNIVERSITY NOTESFirst Authoritative Public Lecture on Open­ing of Burial Chamber of TutenkhamonThe University of Chicago offered to thepeopleof the city the first authoritative pub­lic lecture given in this country on theopening of the burial chamber of Tutenk­harnon. The lecture was given on the eve­ning of November 16 in Orchestra Hall byProfessor James Henry Breasted, directorof the Oriental Institute of the Universityand professor of Egyptology, who was pres"ent when the chamber was opened. Themain floor and. boxes of Orchestra Hallwere reserved for invited guests of the U ni­versity, the balconies being thrown open tothe public. No charge was made for anytickets. The University offered the lectureas a courtesy to the citizens of Chicago.Over 3,000' persons attended.General Haller a Guest of the UniversityGeneral Haller, the Polish commander-in­chief, and his staff of eight men were theguests of Phi Kappa Psi fraternity for lunchbefore, the Indiana-Chicago game November10th, after which they. attended the game asguests of the University. During his stay011 the campus, the general met PresidentBurton at his offices in Harper, was shownthe campus and the' buildings, and was metby an escort from the Reserve Officers'Training Corps, commanded by LieutenantHinton.General Haller came to the Phi Psi housein the morning direct from the Drake hotel,where he was staying during his Chicagovisit. At the Phi Psi house he met DeanWilkins, Dean Tufts, and Dr. Soares, who,with the active Phi Kappa Psi chapter,escorted him to the president's office inHarper. After meeting the president, hewas presented to Major F. M. Barrows,commander of the University Reserve Ar­tillery unit, and received by one of theunit's battalions.The entire party, including President Bur­ton and Deans Wilkins and Tufts, tooklunch at the Phi Psi house before going tothe game, where the general' and his staffsat in two boxes furnished by the Univer­sity, next to those of General Hale, who wasalso a University guest.Promotions in the FacultiesAmong the recent promotions' in rank formembers of the faculties. announced by theBoard of Trustees, are the following:Percy Holmes Boynton, to be professor ofEnglish. Professor Boynton has beengranted leave of absence for the autumnand winter quarters, 1923-24, to accept atemporary appointment at his alma mater,Amherst College. Chester Nathan Gouldhas peen made associate professor of Ger­man and Scandinavian Literature; LloydWynn Mints, assistant professor of PoliticalEconomy; and George Spencer Monk: re­search instructor if! Physics! 59Professor 'John M. CoulterProfessor Coulter Lecturing in the OrientProfessor John Merle Coulter, head of theDepartment of Botany, has been grantedleave of absence for the autumn and winterquarters, 1923-24, to lecture in the Orient.Dr. Coulter arrived in Japan ten days afterthe earthquake and finding it impossible togive the lectures which had been announcedfor Japan because of the disturbed condi­tions following the earthquake, went imme­diately to China, where he has already be­gun his work, delivering lectures in Shang­hai and Nanking.Anthology of Verse by the University ofChicago Poetry ClubThe remarkably successful activities ofthe University of Chicago Poetry Club haveresulted in a new anthology of. verse by itsmembers, to appear in December under thetitle, Poems of the University of ChicagoPoetry Club. Robert Morss Lovett, profes­sor of English in the University, will writethe introduction to the volume, and amongthe contributors will be Elizabeth MadoxRoberts, Maurice Lesernan n, Janet Lewis,Glenway Westcott, I vor Winters, JessicaNorth McDonald, Pearl Andelson, JohnToig o, Marjorie Barrows, Arthur Baer,·Mary Quayle, and Bertha Ten Eyck James.wfio has just been re-elected president ofthe club and has been for two years winnerof the Fiske Poetry Prize at the University.During .the short history of the PoetryClub nine volumes of verse have been pub­lished by its members, some of whom havebecome nationally known. In a recent issueof the Boston Evening Transcript the mostdistinctive first book of the year is said tobe Under the Trees, by Elizabeth M. Roberts,J921, winner of. the Fiske Poetry Prize.60 THE UNIVER,Sny OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEInstruction in Vertebrate PaleontologySince the death of Professor Samuel Wen­dell Williston in 1918 no regular instructionin the field of Vertebrate Paleontology hasbeen offered by the Department of Geologyand Paleontology, but with ··"the beginningof the Autumn Quarter, this instruction willbe resumed under Dr. Alfred S. Romer,newly appointed Associate Professor ofVertebrate Paleontology.Dr. Romer comes to the University ofChicago from New York City, where hisresearches in Vertebrate Paleontology werecarried on under the auspices of the Amer­ican Museum of Natural History and wherehe was also engaged in teaching as a mem­ber of the Department of Anatomy of NewYork University;Although instruction in the vertebratefield was temporarily suspended between1918 and 1923, the collection and prepara­tion of vertebrate remains was actively con­tinned through these years, by Paul C. Mil­ler, Associate Curator of Walker Museum,and his exceptional enthusiasm and skillhave secured to the University large collec­tions of fossil remains-many of them ex­traordinarily perfect and well preserved, andmany of them new to science,During the sixteen years of his connec­tion with the University of Chicago, Pro­fessor Williston devoted himself mainly tothe study of the vertebrates of the Permian-a period of unusual interest since it markedthe beginning of many of the higher formsof vertebrate life. With the assistance ofMr. Miller, collections were made in theTexas and New Mexico Permian beds dur­ing ten seasons and there was built up inWalker Museum the most valuable collec­tion of early vertebrate remains possessed byany institution in the world. Following thediscovery of these fossiliferous beds by theChicago expeditions, they were visited byexpeditions from the University of Munich,the University of Michigan. and the Amer­ican Museum of Natural History.Since Professor Williston's death, the fieldof work of the Walker Museum expeditionshas been shifted to the Miocene beds ofwestern Nebraska and to the Oligocene ofthe "bad lands" of South Dakota. Fromthese regions large collections of well pre­served fossils have been obtained. Amongthe remains found in the single season of1922 were those of a camel, giant pig, water­deer, sabre-toothed tiger, and three-toedhorse. This wealth of material 110W awaitsdetailed study and description.Photography of Atoms by ProfessorHarkinsProfessor William D. Harkins, of the r».partment of Chemistry, who has r ecentlvmade remarkable investigations in the con­stitution of atoms, is now engaged, 'withthe aid of a moving-picture camera, in ob­taining evidence of the stability or instabil­ity of atoms under severe bombardment, With reference to the size of an atom andthe possibility of studying it, Professor Har-�kins says: "An atom is exceedingly minute,since it has a diameter a thousand times toosmall to. allow one to be seen under anordinary high-power microscope. In spiteof their invisibility, atoms have been studiedfor a century, During the last two and ahalf decades methods have' 'been developedwhich make it possible to determine thesizes of these minute bodies and even tostudy their structure."I t has been found that an atom, whose!lame indicatesTt to be indivisible, actuallyIS a mmute replica of a solar system, in thatit consists of a central sun, called thenucleus, around which from one to ninety­two planets called negative electrons movein orbits, smilar to those of the planets."Although the atom is small, its nucleus,which is charged with positive electricity,is so much smaller that there is enoughspace in an atom to give room for abouteight billion or more nuclei. However, noatom contains more than one nucleus.Although the nucleus of an atom is so ex­ceedingly small, its track through a gas,such as air, is easily made visible as a bril­liant line of light."Poison -IvyA book of scientific significance and ofgreat practical value as well has just beenpublished by the University of ChicagoPress under the title of Rhus Dermatitis(Poison Ivy): Its Pathology and Chemother­apy, by James B. McNair.The investigation of this poison has beencarried on from the standpoint of pharma­cology, of botany, and of chemistry, TheUniversity Notes-Continuedstudy of the morphology of the plant givesthe method of formation, location, andmeans of transmission of the poison. Thestudy of pathology has shown its manner ofaction on the body; and best of all, botanyand pathology combined with a chemicalknowledge of the structure of the poisonhave yielded a rational remedy for RhusDermatitis.The volume, of over three hundred pages,has an appendix of typical cases of RhusDermatitis drawn from medical literature, aremarkable bibliography of seven tv-fivepages, and an index. -Dean Ernest H. Wilkins(Continued from page 52)desirable undergraduate activities and is afootball "fan", A month ago he wrote afootball song which has been taken up bythe students and of which we give thechorus:"We're here behind you everyone;We'll stay with you till the game is done'We'll cheer for you till the victory's W911-:For Chicago evermore 1"THE LAW SCHOOL 61II I": W Law School W"Portrait of Dean Hall Awarded PrizeThe portrait of Dean James Parker Hall,painted by Leopold Seyffert, which was 'pre':'sented by the Law School Association at itsannual dinner last June to the D niversity,was awarded the Potter Palmer gold medal,with a prize of $1,000.00', at the Thirty-sixthAnnual Exhibition of American Paintingsand Sculpture, now in progress at the ArtInstitute, Chicago. This prize is awardedeach year for either painting or sculptureexecuted within the preceding two years byan American citizen. As soon as the exhi­bition is over, the portrait will hang in thelibrary of the Law School.Alumni on Editorial Staff of American BarAssociation JournalTwo of our alumni are on the editorialstaff of the American Bar Associa'tion Jour­nal-Prof. Herman Oliphant, J. D. '14, nowof the Columbia Law School Faculty, andProf. E. W. Puttkammer '15, J. D. '17, ofour own faculty,Whe'n the American Bar Association Jour­wal 'was organized .in ,its present form a fewyears ago, Prof. Oliphant was asked to as­sist in its organization. Since that time hehas been a member of the Editorial Board,and for some time responsible for securingsome of the general articles contributed tothe Journal. For a year or more he con­ducted a review of current legal literaturefound in law journals. That work is nowin the hands of Prof. Freeman of MarylandU niversity, Baltimore, Maryland. Later heinitiated a department devoted to a reviewof current books-not only law books, butalso books in the fields of the othersocial sciences, in which lawyers would beinterested, or about which they shouldknow. This is now being turned over toProf. Puttkammer who will begin workin the January number.Recently, Prof. Oliphant instituted in theJournal a department devoted to a reviewof the decisions of courts and of the Fed­eral Trade Commission affecting trade. Inthis department he considers current developments in the law as to contracts in re­straint of trade. unfair methods of competi­tion, and illegal trusts and monopolies. Inthe October number he discusses the recentdecision of the U. S. vs. American LinseedOil Co., holding the trade association oflinseed oil producers to be ,a violation ofthe Sherman Act. Alumnus Candidate £0'1" GovernorLaw School Alumni take .pride in the factthat Thurlow G. Essington, who has beenselected as a candidate for governor on theRepublican ticket, is a' graduate of ourschool, receiving the degree of J.D. in 1908.In 1919 he delivered the address at the ani ..nual dinner of the Law School Associationat the LaSalle Hotel, speaking on the sub­ject, "Experiences of a State .Senator in HisFirst Term." A more extended mention ofhim will be made in a later number of thisMagazine,Other NotesIn the Official Directory of the AmericanBar Association for 1923-4, Professor Fred­eric C. Woodward of the Law School is amember of the Council of the Section ofLegal Education and Admission to the' Bar.One of the recent books is "FundamentalLegal ,Conceptions and Other Essays," bythe late Prof. Wesley Newcomb Hohfeld,published by the Yale University Press.Prof. Hohfeld was a member of the LawSchool faculty in 1911, going later to YaleLaw School. The introduction is by Pro­fessor Walter W. Cook, who was a memberof our faculty from 1910 to 1916. The bookis reviewed in the September issue of theAmerican Bar Association. Journal by ourProfessor .H'arr'y A. Bigelow. It consistsof a republication of nine essays, seven ofwhich deal with, his categories of legal rela­tions, which include two groups:1. Jural Opposites-e-Right, no-right; priv­ilege, duty; power, disability; immunity,liability.2. Jural Correlatives-Right, duty; privi­lege, no-right; power, liability; immunitydisability,These relations have been widely discussedin legal publications during the last fewyears. Naturally they have supporters andcritics. Atleast they have not been ignored.The new book will probably stimulate a newdebate.Charles O. Parker '14 JD '15, formerlywith the, Commerce Clearing House in Chi­cago, is now a member of the firm of Deahl,Parker & McCarthy, with offices at 829J. M. S. Building, South Bend, Indiana.Their practice is confined to corporationand income tax matters, including the rep­resentation of 'corporations before the Pub­lic Service Commission and the SecuritiesCgmmis(,iOll of lnclil'l-p3r,62 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINECommerce and. AdministrationAn Experiment in Teaching MethodDuring the Spring Quarter of 1923 anexperiment in teaching. method was tried'Yi.th the sophomore class registered in Po­litical Economy 7, a course. in. Risk andRisk-Bearing. The purpose of the experi­ment was to hit upon a method which wouldbe less formal than the regular classroommethod of instruction, which' would requiregreater initiative on the part of the studentand at the same time test the ability of th�student to co-operate with others in work­ing upon a common task.In order to realize. these purposes, theclass of one hundred and seventeen wasdivided into three sections and each of thesesections was in turn divided into squads of�ve each; there being twenty-three squads111 all. The class met in sections twice aweek with their regular instructors andthree times a week in squad meeting; withsquad mstr uctor s. Each squad organizedon a voluntary basis and chose its own squadleader and instructor. The squad leaderwas changed at the end of each two weeks'period. .To better adapt it to the method of in­struction, the material of the course wasorganized around five principal study sub­jects. It was planned to cover one of thesesubje<:ts every. t�o v.:eeks. These subjects�ere 1�1. turn divided into special study top­ICS which were used for investigation by thesquads. The regular class instructors inth.eir section meetings were expected to deal:Vlth the. ge.neral aspects of the study sub­jects, while In the squad meetings discussioncentered about the special study topics..The student s9u.a.d leader was chargedwith the responsibility of surveying refer­ence material covering the ground of thestudytopic, and of apportioning the readingto members of the squad. In the squadmeeting he was expected to lead and organ­ize discussion without help from the facultyrepresentative. At the conclusion of histwo weeks of leadership he was required torender a report of the accomplishment of hissquad in terms of reading done, meetingsheld. and papers written.The squad instructor. was. expected to bepresent at the squad meeting but not toinject himself too much into the discussion.He was urged to be tactful in drawing outdiscussion. in raising issues. and in answer­ing questions. Squad instructors variedmuch in their practices, some assuming aconsiderable degree of leadership' others�taying well in the background. The squadinstructor was expected to keep in close touch with what went on in the sectionmeetings in order to prevent duplication ofeffort.The method of procedure once the coursewas organized, was' as follows: The sec­tiol� instructor intro�uced the general studytOplC to hIS class 111 a "preview" whichbr iefly stated the ground to be covered' inthe two weeks' period of study. This "pre­view" lasted twenty minutes and in the re­maining portion of the hour the class wasrequired !o write back their understandingof the assignment. Students were not allowedto go ahead with squad meetings until theycould write back an intelligent statement ofwhat they were about to investigate. Forthree successive meetings students met insquads with their squad instructor and forthe concluding meeting of the week withthe section instructor. At the end of the. two weeks' period a general examination�as grven on the general study topic: thatIS, only. one general question was asked andthe students in answering this were expected�o show. an under.standing not only of theinformation contained in their discussionsbut to' give some critical analysis of it.From reports submitted by squad leadersand instructors .. and from information con­tained in the questionnaire which was filledout by the students at the end of the coursethe following results are indicated: Out of55 student reports examined, 23 showedthat the group was led in a fairly satisfac­tory manner. Most of the reports indicatedpoor organization and inadequate discus­sion. There was also evidence of lackof initiative on the part of student leadersi� can,,:assing the st�dy topic and in leadingdISCUSSIOn. The evidence as to cooperativeability would indicate that squads, on thewhole, were able to work well together andthat cordial relations existed.While the small group resulted in a closercon.tact between instructor and studentwhIch. 'Yas beneficial in breaking down theformalities of the class-room, it created newproblems for both instructor and studentDiscussion oftentimes wandered from th�point and little ground was covered. Stu­dents reported that they did not get as muchout of ea�h other's comments as they wouldhave received from an instructor in a class­room. The squad instructor found it diffi­cult to inject himself into the discussionwithout taking initiative too much out ofthe hapds of. the student leader. It wasalso dlffic_ult to check up individually onwork which was done' co-operatively bymembers .of the squad. From the student. point of VIew, the chief difficulties, as namedAN EXPERIMENT IN TEACHING METHODin the order of importance, were lack oftime, newness of the method, poor leader­ship, poor co-operation, lack of confidence,and other miscellaneous causesIncidental to the method of instr�ction aplan of rating students for personal qualitieswas carried through, students being ratednot only by the squad instructors but bytheir fellow-members in the squad. Thequalities for which these ratings were givenwere intelligence, industry, accuracy, co­operativeness, initiative, moral trustworthi­ness, and leadership. In addition to theseratings. informal personal reports weremade by squad instructors on the studentsin their squads. These reports proved ofmuch greater value than the ordinary per­sonal record which is turned in by the in­structor in an average course. Indeed thesmall-group method. of instruction has dis­tinctive advantages if records of a personalnature are deemed to be essential as part ofthe system of instruction.Cer�ain issues seem to be presented by anexperiment of this nature. Since the prin­cipal objection to the plan was lack of timein which to cover subject-matter thoughtto. be esser:tial to the course, it may befairly questioned whether our purpose inintermediate instruction is to present a cer­�ain minimum of factual data. or whetnerIt is to develop qualities in the studentwhich will enable him to discover and or­ganize facts for himself. Again. grantee!that a higher degree of initiative in under­graduate courses is desirable, what is theproper method by which this goal may beobtained? Should study of special topicsrequmng library research be required?Should the instru�t?r assume entire respon­sibility for organizing material and leadingdiscussion? To what extent should stu­dents be allowed to cooperate in carryingout a piece of work in order to test theircapacity for leadership and team-work, andh.ow may they be made individually respon­sible? To what extent is the size of theteaching unit a factor in securing betterresults?. It is worth while in closing to call atten­tion to the earnestness displayed by thestudents who took part in this experiment.The evidence is ample that students are sen­sitive to what .i�structors are trying to do,and keenly critical of the methods beingused, to a degree we may not appreciate.It would be rash to decide on the basis ofthis single experiment, that our present in­stru�tlO.nal methods should be greatly modi­fied 111 intermediate courses; but our experi­ence would indicate the wisdom of continu­ing to experiment with the small-groupmethod as a conscious effort to developqualities of leadership, initiative, and co­operativeness without sacrificing altogetherthe factual material of the course. 63C. and A. Alumni Quarterly Dinner: The ladies prepared the program' for thefirst quarterly dinner of the Commerce andAdministration Alumni. The gratitude ofthose who attended is due to the committeechairman, Miss Charity Budinger, '20, andher associates for an exceedingly interestingprogram.The first event-the appetizer-was theOhio football game, and to the ladies againwe are delighted for the decision to hold themeeting following a football game. Theenthusiasm of the afternoon was retainedfor the evening.The Quadrangle Club was the Commit­tee's second inspiration. Mr. Stagg was thenext surprise. "Dependability" was thesubject which he took for his earnest con­vincing remarks. Those of us who 'heardMr. Stagg will never forget his exposition of"the first and greatest asset in life whetherin business or on the team." ,The main speaker of the evening MissAlice Greenacre, '08, J.D. '11, was 'appro­priately selected from the Alumnae. Shespoke interestingly of unfamiliar points inthe e�rly history of the old. University. Herown.l11terest 111 the early history of the Uni­versity was aroused when she discovered inremote Brandon, Vermont, a tablet "To'Stephen A. Douglas, the founder of theU niversity of Chicago." From the verifica­t1011. of the tablet and Mr. Douglas' initialproposal in 1856 to give a portion of his farmfor a university if the Baptists of the citywould raise the sum of $100,000, she pro­ceeded to sketch many other interestingsidelights in those early days.Dean Spencer, Mr. Pierrot, and Mr. Beanalso spoke briefly.The attendance was one of the largest ofour regular quarterly dinners. Even thosewho. are absent look forward to the meetingsas IS evidenced by this letter from JoeT1I?mas, of. Fredericksburg, Va.:Dear Fr iends :"A 'c. & A.' note is always a delightfulreminder. Sorry I can't be there for there�nion. Distances at present are too great.Anyhow I'll celehrate. the event wher-ever I may be as follows:"1. Spend the day selling davenport beds"2. Get the football score. ."B. Eat a dinner of fried chicken candiedyams and southern biscuits. '"4. Read over Marshall's 'Industrial So­ciety.'"Good luck."C and A School Note's,Miss Ann Brewington, Instructor in Sec­retarial Work, attended the National Con­ference on Secretarial Training, held inBoston, October 27, 1923. The conference(Continued on page 8064 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE+11_1I"_II"_II!l_H"_""_IIII_""�II"_RII_UII�"M_NII_IIII_A._"M_II._.H� ••. _IIN_I_nll_IIII_II"_II._MIl_IIK_It._"K_IIII_""_+.I .School of Education .. Ii The Major Reading Experiences o£]unior High-School Life Ii ,. R. L. Lyman, Ph.D. '17, i+-."-""-.tI-UII-"U-nll_tlll_""_IIII_JlII_\_"�'_;tll1_""_M'_lfn_.n_.II�N·R_II"_"II_tl._III1_""_II.�II"_U"_'M_'II_n."""'.+:There can be no challenge to the state­ment that school life ought to develop thetastes, skills, and abilities that are necessaryin adult experience. However, of late years,a seemingly slight but really significantmodification has entered pedagogical think­ing, to the effect that the best education ofany school level is not merely preparationfor living; it is living; any school has a lifeof its own, in which the experiences of in­dividuals and groups are organized for def-inite purposes of its own. 'Certain changes in school practice whichresult from this modified conception may beexemplified in the study of reading. Grad­ually. has come the realization that theschool life itself confronts the child, notwith one highly specialized activity like oralreading, but with a variety of reading situa­tions, for many of which the oral reading ofthe English classes furnishes quite inade­quate training. Pupi1s fail in various studiesbecause they have not developed the abilityto read, considered not as a process of rec­ognizing and pronouncing words and sen­tences, but as a process of. rethinking thethoughts and feelings expressed' on theprinted page. The entire movement fordirect instruction in all of the various kindsof silent reading has its basis in the factthat ,children of the middle grades need asilent, reading technique, not alone or pri­marily. for the remote problems of adult­hood, but, for the daily reading problems ofthe upper grades and .the junior high school.Similarly the reading techniques which thejunior high school grades ought to devefopare, an. of ,the skills for which pupils willhave immediate need in the activities of thesenior high school.The' shifting of emphasis from adult skillsas . goals, to the skills needed by children intheir present stages of advance, has intro­duced a still more striking modification inthe teaching of literature. The older prac­tice was based upon the laudable desire toteach rising generations to know and toread great literature. It began by selectingbelles lettres; then attempted to select theeasier masterpieces which were suitable forchildren's reading. Frequently the litera­ture .chosen was too difficult arid the ana­lytical skills of trained and cultured mindswere thrust down upon the high-schoollevels, and' even into the grades. In con­trast with such practice, the best thought ofthe day' insists' that the literary thought ofof any grade ought to be real experiencessuitable for child life of the age in question, intended to prepare them for the experiencesof to-morrow, next week, next semester, andpossibly for next year. Moreover, suchreading experiences should not attempt topresent literature too far in advance of thechildren's immature powers of interpreta­tion. , ,If, then, the school is a place for naturalliving, ana if it is a preparation for the im­mediate future even more than for the re­mote future, its seems pertinent to classifythe major reading problems of school lifein the seventh, eighth, and ninth grades;The three main divisions of the outlinebelow represent the usual reading materials,I-Literature, II-Supplementary Readings,III-Textbooks. Under each of these aregrouped as subdivisions the major readingpurposes which high-school life in generaldemands; while the subheads of each sub­division, indicated by the arabic numerals,name the chief skills ordinarily used in read-,ing the respective materials for the respec­tive purposes.Materials, Major Purposes, and LeadingSkills:1. The Reading of Literature.A. To enjoy the story1. Fluent first reading of the entirestory.2. Occasional deliberate reading of'choice and appealing passages '3. Discovering as early as possiblethe 'author's central aim or purpose4. Seeing the general forward .move-:ment and sequence of events5. Noting how the complications areworked out to the climax6. Comparing with situation in" reallife, especially with the reader'sown experiences7. Comparing with similar or con-trasted stories '8: Making a mental summary 0'£ thestory. preparing to retell 'it brieflyB. To understand and interpret char­acters''1. Fluent reading of the entire selec-tion as if seeing a play ,2. Selecting character-revealing pas-sages ' ' ,3. Comparing with other characters,situations; actions, in other litera­ture or in life4. Visualizing the characters, making'them live and act through drarnati-.zation5. Estimating the value of the char­acters in the action portrayedMAJOR READING EXPERIENCES OF JUNIOR HIGf/-SCHOOL LIFE 65'6. Preparing to express an opinionthrough oral interpretation of theauthor's own words7. Getting ready to express an opin­ion with summarized evidenceC. To comprehend the writer's full mean­ing1. Fluent' preliminary reading of theentire passage for the gist of themeaning2. Determining the writer's funda­mental and leading idea3. Selecting the main divisions or im­portant parts of the writer's mes­sage.4. Selecting the details which bestsupport the writer's central idea5. Locating the lines, verses, or para­graphs that best express thethought6. Comparing meanings with otherstories or poems, or with knownfacts of life7. Comparing the indirect experience. with one's own direct experience8. Determining the value of the writ­er's purpose and ideas9. Changing to direct expressionthoughts expressed indirectly or.allegorically10. Preparing to interpret the meaningto others briefly ana correctlyD. To get elementary insight into thequalities of good literature1. Thoughtful first reading of entireunits of reasonable length2. Recognizing the chief differences inform and functional value betweenprose and poetry3. Estimating the functions and im­portance of poetry4. Recognizing elementary standardsof diction, of figures, of rythm5. Securing elementary contacts withvarious literary types. 6. Applying simple standards of lit­erary excellence to prose7. Applying a few standards of ex­cellence in drama8. Interpreting orally beautiful, force­ful, or otherwise appealing passages9 .. Memorizing models of literary ex­cellenceII. The Reading of Supplementary Materialsin Books and MagazinesA. To secure additional information onspecific points assigned1. Rapid preliminary reading; slowfirst or second reading of selectedparts.2. Selecting the essential parts neededto answer specific questions3. Noting the changes in develop­. ment, the important parts of theauthor's thought4. Grouping of related materialsaround the reading objectives.5 .. Comparing with the meaning ofother readings 6. Passing upon the validity and thevalue of the writer's ideas7. Formulating the information foundinto answers for the preliminaryquestionsB. To find any new information upon ageneral topic under consideration1. Preliminary scanning for selec­tion of parts; deliberate rereadingof such parts2. Constantly, holding the generaltopic in mind while looking fornew data3. Selecting the parts of greatest in­terest, value, or importance4. Weighing the value and the cred­ibility of new ideas5. Comparing findings with informa­tion already in one's own mentalstock6. Asking suitable questions of anauthor and finding his answers7. Preparing to report in summaryform the author's contributionsC. To secure new points of view aboutany phase of life1. Fluent preliminary reading to lo­cate points of view2. Slower reading of parts which ap­pear of relatively greater impor­tance3� Finding as early as possible thewriter's main 'purpose and majorideas4. Comparing new information withone's own former experience andideas .5. Seeking the author's meaning byformulating questions to ask him.6. Estimating the value and signifi-cance of his statements .7. Finding new problems for furtherstudy .8. Preparing to summarize the cen-.tral theme and main divisionsIII. The reading of Factual Materials inTextbooks "A. To master a limited amount of infor­mation1. Slow first reading after. a prelimin­ary summary.2. Deliberate second reading of en­tire passage or of selected parts3. Organizing ideas in relation to'their major and minor importance4. Attempting to fix the most impor­tant data in mind'5. Comparing and contrasting withprevious knowledge .6. Expressing every item of impor­tance in one's own words7: Preparing to reproduce the' chiefinformation in the form of a sum­mary8. Final scanning to confirm ,or tocorrect one's earlier judgments' .B. To comprehend a principle Or an ex-planation .' .(Continued on page 72)66 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBook ReviewsPaul the VictorTHE RECOVERY OF A HEROA Review of Lyman I. Henry's "Paul, Sonof Kish". (U niversity of Chicago Press)By Professor Theodore Gerald Soares,D.B. '97, PhD. '94Modern biography lays great stress onthe significance of letters. A man revealshimself in his letters with peculiar distinct­ness.It is thus that Paul of Tarsus is so wellknown to us. To be sure, we have only adozen or so of his letters to the churcheswhich he had founded. We have not themultitude of personal, official letters that areavailable for present-day biography. Butthese few writings of Paul are full of sug­gestion. A lively imagination may enableone to reconstruct the life of the apostlewith a good deal of detail.In addition to his letter we have a brief,fascinating story of his missionary careerand his imprisonment by his friend, thephysician, Luke. .On the basis of the letters and the storyof Luke, one may write a. narrative of whatwe actually know about Paul. But bycarrying the imagination a little farther thanthe actual material warrants, it is possibleto make a complete story revealing to thefull the personality of the hero as the authorconceives him. The success' of such anattempt depends upon· the ability of the writer to interpret his subject, and upon hisknowledge of the social conditions andphysical surroundings in which the herolived.Mr. Lyman I. Henry has given us sucha story of Paul in his fascinating book.Paul, Son of Kish. There is, of course, verymuch that is purely imaginative, but thereis nothing that is impossible or even im­probable.What kind of a boy was Paul? We knowhe was a Jew of Tarsus, that his father hadthe great privilege of Roman citizenship,that the young Jew was educated for therabbinic office, -that he learned the trade ofthe makers of tent cloth, that he had greatfamiliarity with the Greek games, that heprobably became a member of the San­hedrin and therefore must have been mar­ried, thus giving ground for an early ro­mance.Using these facts, Mr. Henry, with a wideknowledge of the Greek and Hebrew cus­toms of the time, gives us a charming taleof home and school and synagogue life. Paulis a real boy among boys. He' is a youngathlete and an eager student. He has aboy's religion and he has a boy's love for amaid. The psychological truth of the por­traiture is admirable.The second part of the story deals withwhat we might call Paul's university train­ing, that is, his advanced study in the tem­ple schools of Jerusalem. We are broughtinto the dreams and hopes and into theactive efforts of the enthusiastic youngpatriot.In his third part the author deals withPaul's career as a rabbi in Tarsus. Hismarriage and family life, wholly imaginaryof course, afford an insight into the Hebrewcustoms and give a background for the un­derstanding of the lonely, heroic figure ofthe later apostolic days.With Paul's acceptance of Christianity thebiographical material available for the storybecomes much richer. The author does notcease, however, to supply a wealth of detailfrom contemporary life and from laterChristian tradition. The incidents in theNew Testament narrative and those indi­cated in Paul's letters are all illuminatedwith great skill.In a word, Mr. Henry has here given usa living personality. A reader of the book,with no previous knowledge of the NewTestament, would find himself with a clearunderstanding of that great character whoin a very true sense organized Christianity.The Bible is the least understood book inour libraries, not because it is obscure, not(Continued on page 76)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 67u. of C.NEW-BOOK ENDS-NEWYour Chicago GiftFOR THIS YEARNatural Bronze,good in design, with the Coat­of-Arms on the front. Weight, 5 lbs. packed.$6.00 + postage .OTHER HC" GIFTS:"c" Wall Shields"C" Lamps"c" Calendars"C" Jewelry,. C" Pillows and BannersHC" StationerySEND FOR YOURS NOW-FROMThe University of Chicago Bookstore5802 Ellis Avenue68 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENE-WS OF THE CLASSE SAND ASSOCIATIONSCollege Association Notes_ '!)4-S. D. Barnes is practicing medicineat 516 Consolidated Building, Los Angeles.Dr. Barnes writes that in 1913 he entertainedthe ladies in Professor Willett's Round-the­World Mission Study Class at Honolulu; inappreciation the ladies made in China andsent to him a large Chicago banner; thisbanner he still uses at the Los AngelesAlumni Club meetings.'97-James N. Hart, M.S., dean of theUniversity of Maine and for thirty yearshead ot the department of mathematics, hasbeen granted a year's leave of absence bythe trustees._'02-Dean David A. Robertson is on leaveof absence and is studying in Europe.'04-Dr. John W. Turner, formerly atWashington, D. C, is now medical officerin charge of the U. S. Veterans' Bureau atNauvoo, Ill. He is the author of severalgovernment publications on tuberculosis.'07-Mrs. Katherin Forster Roberts, A.M.UN,IVERSlrv CULLEG,EThe downtown department ofThe University of ,Chicago116 So. Michigan Avenuewishes the Alumni of the Univer­sity and their friends to know thatit now offersE'vening-, Late Afternoon andSaturday massesTwo-Hour Sessions Once or Twice a WeekCourses Credited Toward University DegreesA limited number of courses will be offered in theevening on the University Quadrangles in additionto courses given downtown. -- Winter Quarter begins January 2Spring Quarter begins 'March 31For Circular of Information AddressEmery T. Filbey, Dean, University College,The University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. '11, is dean of women and assistant profes­sor of English Literature at Juanita College,Huntington, Pa.'09-Mrs. Charles H. Huston (Mary Blos­som), Ph.M. '17, is dean of women at Brad­ley Polytechnic Institute, Peoria, Ill. _'ll-H. M. Cunningham, A.M. '13, hasreturned from a tour of Europe and isteaching in his eleventh year as professor.of History at Hastings College, Nebraska. -'14-Rachel M. Foote is registrar, ForestAvenue High School, Dallas, Texas.'15-Hubert S. Conover is with the Chick­ering Ampico Co., 26 South Michigan A ve�;Due, Chicago. ..'16-Charles L. Day is manager of theMusic Shop at Galesburg, Ill.'18-Leloise Davis is director of HomeEconomics at South Park Junior College,Beaumont, Texas. .'21-F. T. Haung, S.M. '2��, M.D. '23, wasawarded a Fellowship by the RockefellerFoundation for research in bacteriology andparasitology; address Rockefeller F ounda­tion, et Broadway, New York.Chi.cago Alumni­have a unique chance for Serv­ice and Loyalty.Tell your ambitious friends whocan not attend classes about the450which your Alma Mater offers.Through them she is reaching thou­sands in all parts of the country and indistant lands. -For Catalogue AddressThe University of Chicago(BOl[ S) Chicago, IllinoisTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 69Published inthe interest 01 Elec-,trieat Development byan Institution that willbe helped by what·ever helps theIndustr,. Most popularcollege sport"As 1100k back on my college days," said the old grad,"it strikes me there were more men playing blind man'sbuff than all other games combined. I understand this isstill the case."Get me .... xaight. It was no child's play. What wewere groping around :for was pretty serious business­nothing less than a career."Too many men are in the dark as to what they will doafter graduation, Either they neglect to specialize in any­thing or hastily select a major which they afterwards regret."1 know 1 would be considerably ahead in business ifback at college I had sat down for a few hours' earnestthought to find out just what work I liked best-andthen gone in for it heart and soul."Pick the thing that appeals to you, and don't let themtell you that particular line is overcrowded. Talk this overwith graduates you know. Talk it over with your professors.Talk it over with the industrial representatives next Spring.Most of all, talk it over with yourself."The main thing is to get on the right tr�ck and to keepgoing. There's no fun in being 'It' in the game of life,with every change in fate ready to push you off anuncertain course."I ! 'e9�ern'Eltctrk CompanyThis advertisement is one of a series in studentpuhlications. It may remind alumni of their oppor­tunity to help the undergraduate, by suggestion andadvice, to get more out of his four years.70 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEGetYourVictorVictrolaandRecordsorBrunswickPhonographandRecordsAT. BENTMusic Shop, Inc�214-216 S. Wabash Ave.CHAS. M. BENTClass 1917THE STORE WITH ITHOUSANDS OF FRIENDS��&:::; + __ U_"_"_"_''-''_' __ ''-''-I'-''-''-'.-.+l.-�-����������J'15�Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Wiser (Char­lotte Viall, Ph. B. '14) have returned toIndia where Mr. Wiser will organize co­operative societies in the villages under theauspices of the Presbyterian Church. Theyha ve been attending the University of Chi­cago for the past year. Mrs. Wiser's motherreturned with them.'15-Roland B. Daley, Ph. B., is Secretaryof the True and True Lumber Company,Indianapolis, Indiana.'17-Adrian R. MacFarland, Ph. B., isadvertising manager of the United Auto­graphic Register Company, Chicago.'18-Leverett S. Lyon, A. M., Ph. D. '21,has resigned his position as Associate Pro­fessor in the School of Commerce and Ad­ministration, to accept the position of Deanof the School of Commerce and Finance,Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.'20-Alice E. Maxwell, Ph, B., is head ofthe Woman's Department, Beyer and Small,Investment House, Portland, Maine.'21-Frederick F. Jordan, A. M., is Assist­ant Professor of Marketing, University ofCincinnati, Ohio.'22-Lorenzo D. Thompson, A . .M., is Sec­retary and Treasurer of the F -N Company,Incorporated, which handles the FountainPen Filing Station. Mr. Thompson wasthe inventor of this device.+11_IIII_R .. _NII_nll_NII_IIII_IIII_IIII_"n_II"_"U_tl"_IIII_"+I Divinity Association I! !+tl-"t:-N,,�"._.It_M"_""_.II_'''_IIII_''"_'''_.II_N._It+Institute for Church WorkersFrom November 1 to December 13 therewill be held at the University on Thursdayevenings an Institute for Church Workers,in which courses are offered in Bible study,religious education, church organization andadministration, and the religion of other.peoples. The faculty of the institute in­eluded Dean Shailer Mathews, of the Divin­ity School; Georgia L. Chamberlin, of -theAmerican Institute of Sacred Literature;Archibald G. Baker, assistant Professor ofMissions; and Charles T. Holman, assistantprofessor of Pastoral Duties.In addition to the University public lec­tures, open to all, there is a course of lec­tures on The Tea-chings of Paul, by DeanMathews, showing how Paul applied theChristian gospel to problems of his ownday; class work, by Miss Chamberlin, on"The Bible in the Religious Education ofKindergarten and Primary Grades;". '''TheReligions of Other People," by ProfessorBaker; and "Modern Methods in .ChurchWork," by Professor Holman.NEWS OF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONSThis is the fifth year of the Institute,which provides an unusual opportunity forinstruction from competent specialists intheir various fields.+1I�1I"-".-.II-N.-MM-Ii"-.N-N"-I4I1_"II_IIII_P"_IIII_II+I Law School Association I+"-III1-II.-MN-III-.II-IIJI-MII_IIIt_H"_lIt1_IIU_II,,_IIII_I'+John William Chapman, Ph.B., '15, JD '17is now practicing law for himself in theTribune building, 7 South Dearborn Street,Chicago.Arthur Abraham, JD '22 is with McCul­loch & McCulloch, in the new Illinois Mer­chants Trust Building at 232 South Clarkstreet, Chicago.The Commerce Clearing House has movedto the Illinois Merchants Trust Building,232 South Clark Street, Chicago. Its per­sonnel includes William Kixrniller PhB '08,JD '10, Arnold Baar, Ph B '12, JD'14, Wal­ter· D. Freyburger JD '10, Leo H. Hoffman,JD '14, and Herman T. Reiling, LLB '21.Julian C. Risk JD '14 was admitted topractice in the Supreme Court of the UnitedStates during the spring. He is located at1053 Conway Building, Chicago.Roswell F. Magill, JD '21, who has beenassociated with Hopkins, Starr & Hopkins,at 110 South Dearborn Street, Chicago, andwho taught in the Law School for two years,has accepted a position with the SolicitorGeneral of the Internal Revenue Depart­ment at Washington, D. C.George L. Siefkin LLB '17 is in the officeof the Solicitor General of the Internal Rev­enue Department at Washington, D. C.Connor B. Shaw PhB '12, who repre­sented Swift & Co. at Washington, D. c.,for several years, is now located in Chicago.Ray N. Beebe JD'15 is a member of thefirm of Davies & Jones at Washington, D. c.,who specialize in Federal Trade Commissionpractice. Frank D . Jones JD '12 is the sec­ond member in the firm name.Kenneth C. "Casey" Sears JD '15. is Sec­retary of the Missouri Bar Association. Heteaches regularly in the law school of theUniversity of Missouri. During the lastsummer he taught six weeks in Colorado.Harry O. Rosenberg PhB'13, JD'15, hasdeserted the drys and is now attorney forthe Drainage District at Chicago.Donald J. De Wolfe LLB'11, who hasbeen associated with John W. Creekmur inthe First National Bank Building, has joinedthe staff of Hopkins, Starr & Hopkins at110 South Dearborn Street, Chicago.Berthe Tucker, J.D. '25', was married inJuly, 1923, to Elery Mahaffey in Greencastle.Indiana.Louis J. Victor, J.D. '18. has moved hisoffices to 155 North Clark St., Chicago.Floyd B. Weakly, LL.B. '18, has been ap­pointed Secretary of the Peoples Trust andSavings Bank) Michig-an Bl vd., Chicago, The First National BankOF CHICAGOand its affiliated institution, theFirst Trust" and SavingsBankoffer a complete, con­venient and satisfactoryfinancial service inCommercial BankingForeign ExchangeTravellers ChequesDepartment for LadiesInvestment BondsReal Estate Mortgagesand CertificatesSavings DepartmentTrust DepartmentThe stock of both banks is owned by the samestockholders. Combined resources exceed$350,000,000Dearborn, .Monroe and Clark StreetsChicago 717,2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETEACHERS WANTED!Consult us if you are available for a teach­ing position now or September, 1924. Youare cordially invited to' call at the officesnamed below. We maintain the largestteacher placement work in the United Statesunder one management.E. E: OLP, Director28 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoFISK TEACHERS AGENCY28 E. Jackson Blvd., ChicagoAffiliated offices in principal cities.EDUCATION SERVICE19 S. La Salle St., ChicagoFills commercial in, addition to teaching posi­tions.NATIONAL TEACHERS AGENCY1564 Sherman Ave., EvanstonAMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU77 W. Washington St., ChicagoExclusivelyfor college and university teachers .!11 II II 1IIl1111111l11111111111111111l1nlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllli 111111 1111111111111111111 111111111111111 1II1111111111111111111111111�I �E;'!�;�;m:r� II successful-First, by subscrip- :1I ;:}l����;�����:�t���;� I� assist your magazine very ma- �. �I= ;:;���::�Ol�:�d:��l:�� �I=every renewa -IS eep y ap-1�1�::;�I:�":I�I;I.,""I.ln"I.I",,"IIII"�I.""DI."""�.II.'.I.J Major Reading Experiences o.{ Junior High­School Life(Continued from page 65)1. Careful first reading to recognizethe central idea2. Intensive rereading if necessary3. Locating the major or leadingideas; seeing their relations4. Determining the exact relations ofthe various parts5. Restating the principle in one'sown wording6. Thinking of possible applicationsC. To understand a problem to be solvedor a task to be done1. Deliberate first reading; equallycareful second reading2. Locating the core of. the problem,perplexity, or assignment3. Understanding all of the facts,figures, or other data essential tothe solution4. Determining the exact relations ofall the factors5. Restating in one's own words thebasis of the problem6. Recalling related processes neededin the solutionSchool of Education NotesMiss Colburn is on a six-months' leave ofabsence. She accepted the invitation of theYale Corporation to go to New Haven forthat period to make and carry out plans forthe reorganization of the Yale Commons.The Commons have been a very seriousproblem and the management has incurredheavy deficits for a number of years. It isthe hope of the Corporation that Miss Col­burn may be able to reorganize the institu­tion in such a way that it will be free fromthe difficulties which have arisen in the past.Mr. Lyman will address the Illinois StateTeachers Association at Springfield, Illinois.on December 27. His two topics are "Cor­relation of English and the Social Sciences"and "The Social Value of Literature."Mr. Bobbitt spent September in Toledo,Ohio, and during the coming year he willcarryon there the same sort of program asthat which he carried out last year in LosAngeles, California. He is working withthe high-school teachers of Toledo on thereorganization of their curriculum of instruc­tion. The results of Mr. Bobbitt's work inLos Angeles are embodied in a book whichis soon to be published by Houghton Mif­flin Company entitled, "How to Make aCurr iculum,"SCHOOL OF EDUCATION NOTES, Mr. Sargent will return to the Universityat the opening of the winter quarter afteran absence of nine months. He has beendevoting' his time during this period topainting and to writing. In November heexhibited thirty-one canvases at Pratt In­stitute, New York City. Mr. Sargent'sbook, "The Enjoyment and Use of Color,"has been published by Scribners.Dr. Anna Y. Reed has perfected the or­ganization of the National Junior Employ­ment Service. This is to be an organizationindependent of any university and has forits purpose the carrying on of investigationswith regard to the employment of juniorsand their training for places in industry.The headquarters are to be in New Y or kCity and it is expected that the service willbe able to lend its coooeration to schoolsystems in various parts -of the country insetting up and conducting the work ofvocational guidance. Mrs. Reed will con­tinue her work as an instructor in theUniversity of Chicago up to the first ofApril of the coming year, after which timeshe will be in New York City.Mr. Freeman has an interesting article onintelligence tests in the current number of 73The Century Magazine entitled, "A Refer­endum of Psychologists: A Survey of Opin­ion on the Intelligence Test."Mr. Judd will spend the week of January7 at Purdue University where he will discusswith the members of the faculty problems ofcollege instruction. On January '18 he willattend the Mid-Year Educational Conferenceat the State Normal School, Ypsilanti, Mich­igan.M r. Boshart, former principal of the WestTechnical High School in Cleveland, Ohio,and of the High School in Binghamton,New York, will take Mr. Filbey's workduring the winter and spring quarters. Hewill give courses in the administration andsupervision of vocational education. Mr.Filbey will devote his time to the adminis­tration of the Institute of Meat .Packingwhich is being organized at the, Universityof Chicago in cooperation with the Instituteof American Meat Packers.Mr. Judd and Mr. Gray attended theCleveland Conference, a meeting of promi­nent educators from all parts 'of the country,which was held in Pittsburgh, 1;'>:'<1,., on De-cember 7, 8, and 9.,ttl read my alumni magazineregularly and' c�refully. I am sure othersubscribers do the same"ABOVE are exact words of then. Treasurer and General .Mana­ger of a big corporation manufactur­ing personal articles for men. Yettheir advertising agency does notunderstand the intimate' appeal ofthe alumni magazines. Their adver­tising manager is afraid that theyshould not use alumni magazines ontheir regular advertising schedulebecause they are not known as"major" mediums, or because theyare not read by this manufacturer's.dealers, or because they do notcarry page after page of competitiveadvertising. Really, these objections are good'reasons why this, manufacturer andothers should use the alumni maga­zines. The reader interest of thenews notes is incomparable. Theintimate appeal of this and similaralumni magazines has specific ad,vertising value.Forty-four alumni publicationshave a combined circulation of160,000 college trained men. Ad .. 'vertising space, may be bought in':'"dividually or collectively-in anyway desired. Two page sizes-only"two plates necessary-group adver ..tising rates;The management of your alumni magazine suggests an inquiry' toALUMNI MAGAZINES ASSOCIATEDNEW YORK23 East 26th Street ROY BARNHILL, Inc.cAdyertising <i{_epresentat;ye .,' CHICAGO. '::'.'23d"E�st Ohic ����et74 'iRE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGJjZINEJames M. Sheldon, '03INVESTMENTSWithBa'rtiett, Frazier Co.111 W. Jackson Blvd.Wabash 2310Paul H. Davts & GOmp£lugMembers Chicago Stock ExchangeWeare anxious to serve you inyour selection of high grade in­vestments. We' peciali.ze inlisted and unlisted stocks andbonds-quotations on request.Paul H. Davis; 'll Herbert I. Markham. Ex:06Ralph W. Davis._·.l�_ ��ron C. Howes. Ex:13N. Y.LifeBldg.-CHICAGO- State 6860MOSERSHORTHAND COLLEGEA business school of distinctionSpecial Three Months' IntensiveCourse for university graduatesor undergradua tes given quarterly.Bulletin on Request.PAUL.MOSER, J. D., Ph. B.116 S. Michigan Ave. ChicagoCall and inspectour building,plant and u_p-to­date. facilities. Make a Printing Connectionwith a Specialist ana a Large, Abso­. lutely RELIABLE Printing HouseCATALOGUE and P R' INT'ERSPUBLICATION Ii.p;inting andAdvertising AdvisersanJ tire Cooperative ami Clearing HOWIefOT Catalogues and· PuhlicationsOne olthe larg­est and mostcomplete Print-�lr..��t!'t!.':.� Let us estimate on your next printing orderPrinting Products CorporationFORMERLY ROGERS Be HALL ,COMPANYPolk and La Salle Streets CHI-CAGO, ILLINOISPhones=Local and Long Distance�Wabash 3381 +.--- . ._ . ._ . ._ .. - . .- .. - . .- .. - . .- .. - .. _ .. -.+! .I School of Education I+"-'.-"-"�"-II.- .. _ .. _.rr--._ .. _ .. - .. -n-.l'06-Selma G. Lagergren, (Cere); is spend­ing her furlough from the mission field illIliolo, P. 1., at 1602 Van Buren Street, St.Paul, Minn. .'08-Mr. and Mrs. John E. Harrison(Edith A. Powel, Ed.B.), with their threedaughters and two sons are living on theirfarm at Edwardsburg, Mich.'10-Anna C. Lagergren, Ph.B .. is headLibrarian at Hamline University, St. Paul,Minn.'ll-Roswell W. Rogers, A.M., is DivisionManager, Automobile Underwriters ofAmerica, Pittsburgh, Pa.'12-Earl N. Rhodes, Ph.B., is Directorof the Training School, State Normal School,Bloomsburg. Pa.'13-Eleanor A. Ahern, Ph.B., is doingexperimental work in food and laundryproblems with Proctor & Gamble Company,Cincinnati, Ohio.'14-Mrs. Baker (Gertrude Weitzell,Cert.) is living at 4106 Lake Park Avenue,Chicago.'15-John S. Noffsinger. A.M., is Secre­tarv- Treasurer of All Brethren schools andcolleges. 211 W. 102d St., New York City.'16-Alice K Treat, Ph.B., manages theschool cafeteria at the Manual TrainingSchool, Indianapolis, Ind.'17-Katherine L. McLaughlin, A. M., andEleanor. Troxell are the authors of "NumberProjects for Beginners," published in theLippincott's School Project Series, 192'3.'18-Helen M. Christianson, Ph. B., isAssociate in Education at the SouthernBranch of the University of California, LosAngeles, Cal.'IS-Mrs. C. E. Goodell (Bertha M. Smith.A.M.) is doing some extension teaching inIndiana. 198 State St., Franklin, Ind.'19-0Iive C. Hall, Ph.B., teaches geog­raphy in the Iunior High School at Hillyard,Washington .''20-Clem O. Thompson, A.M., is Pro­fessor of Education at Earlham College,Richmond, Ind. .'21-Lucile Morgan, Ph.B.. teaches art inthe High School at Rock Island, Ill.'22-Mariol1 J. Ernst, Ph.B.. a teacher atthe Holmes School, Chicago, studied at theUniversity of Mexico last summer.'23-Edward C. Basselman, A.M., is As-sistant Superintendent of Schools of ButlerCounty, Ohio.'23-Lura M. Dean, Ph.B., is Director ofKindergarten Education at the StateTeachers' College. Canyon. Texas.'23-Llora B. MaGee, Ph.B., is Head ofthe Household Arts Department. StateTeachers' College, Kirksville .. Mo,NElVS OF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONS...---.' II .1 II ...... • __ .._.._ •• - •• -.,.1 Doctors' Association I- . ._ .. _..--._.._..- .. --.- .. --.--.- .. --- ....pro A. H. Bernhard, Chemistry '94, whois Professor of Mathematics at the StateNormal School in LaCrosse, Wisconsin, israpidly recovering from a nervous break­down which came upon him some monthsago. He has rendered long and honorableservices at the State Normal School.Professor M. F. Guyer, Ph.D. in Zoology'00, Chairman of the Department of Zoologyat the University of Wisconsin, was electedpresident of the American Society of Zoolo­gists at the recent meeting in Boston.Professor A. H. \iVilson, Ph.D. in Mathe­matics '12, of Haverford College, is in Cam­bridge, England, on a year's leave of ab­sence.Professor B. L. Ullman, Ph.D. in Latin'08, of the State University of Iowa, waselected president of the Classical Associa­tion at the last annual convention held inColumbia, Missouri.The degree of Doctor of Science was con­ferred at the last commencement of BrownUniversity upon Professor George D. Bir k­hoff, Ph.D. in Mathematics '07. Dr. Birk­hoff is a member of the Departmen t ofMathematics at Harvard University.Dr. William S. Gray, Education '16, isChairman of a committee of seven appointedby the U. S. Bureau of Education to can­vass the field of reading instruction and tomake definite recommendations concerningproblems which confront teachers and super-visors. .Dr. Edwin E. Slosson, Chemistry '03, di­rector of Science Service, Washington, D. c.,delivered a series of five lectures beforeteachers attending the last summer sessionin the University of Pittsburgh on the fol­lowing subjects: Gasoline; Refrigeration;Photography; Sugar; Coal-tar Products. Dr.Slosson is Editor of Science N (,'U's, a depart­ment conducted each week in the Journal.Science.Professor Archibald Henderson, Ph.D. inMathematics '15, who is head of the Depart­ment of Mathematics at the University ofNorth Carolina, is on leave of absence inEurope making a special study of the doc­trine of relativity, in the Universities ofCambridge, Berlin, Rome and Paris. underthe auspices of Kenan Research Foundation.He delivered an address on "The Size of theUniverse" before the North CarolinaAcademy of Science at its last meeting.and this was printed in Science September7, 1923. This topic is arousing a great dealof interest among mathematicians and as­tronomers at the present time and a sympo­sium on the subject will be held at the com­ing Christmas meeting of the AmericanAssociation· for the Advancement of Scienceat Cincinnati. One of the speakers will be The Corn Exchange. National Bankof ChicagoCapital and Surplus .• $15,000,000OFFICERSERNEST A. HAMILL, PRESIDENTCHARLES L. HUTCHINSON, VICE-PRESI­DENT• OWEN T. REEVES, JR., VICE-PRESIDENTJ. EDWARD MAASS, VICE-PRESIDENTNORMAN J. FORD, VICE-PRESIDENTJAMES G. WAKEFIELD, VICE-PRESIDElIITEDWARD F. SCHOENECK, CASHIERLEWIS E. GARY, ASS'T CASHIERJ AMES A� . WALKER, ASS'T CASHIERC. RAY PHILLIPS, ASS'T CASHIERFRANK F. SPIEGLER, ASS'T CASHIERWILLIAM E. WALKER, ASS'T CASHIERDIRECTORSWATSON F. BUIlt CHARLES H. HULBURDCHAUNCEY D. BORLAND. CHARLES L. HUTCHINSONEDWARD' B'. BUTLEIt JOHN J. MITCHELLBENJAMIN CAItPENTER MARTIN A. RYERSONHENRY P. CROWELL J, HARRY SELZERNEST A. HAMILL '. ROBKRT J. THOIlNECHARLES H. WACKERForeign Exchange !.etten of crecUtCable TransfersSaving. Department, James K. Calhoun, Mer.3% Paid on Savings Deposits7576 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE:RALPH C. MANNING, '00�EALTORChicago West Suburbani' ; Town and Country Homes:210 W. LIBERTY DRIVE Phone 195WHEATON. ILL.Sam A. Rothermel' 1'7 'InsurancewithMOORE. CASE. LYMAN & HUBBARD1625 Insurance Exchange Wabash 0400Luther M. Sandwick '20wu«H. M. Byn�sQyanac()mpanyInve'$tment Securities208 S. LaSalle St. Wabash 0820Motion Pictures]"Educational '- Character building - EntertainingMathew A. Bowers, '22TEMPLE PICTURES. Inc.,Cal. 4767 2301-11 �rairie Ave .• ChicagoMain 0743 " 249 Conway Bldg.WILLIAM ARTHUR BLACK, '19LIFE INSURANCE'Specializing onPlans for Building EstatesLIFE "INSURANCE WILLS and TRUST FUND SERVICEPLEASE NOTE THAT THE.MAGAZINE PRINTSAlumni. Professional CardsFOR RATES. ADDRESSALUMNI OFFICE, UNIVERSITYOF CHICAGO .The Largest College Annual Engraving House, in America .�JAHN & OLLIER .ENGRAVING ·CO.554 W. AdamS' St., 'Chicago, Ill.I .'ENGRAVERS OF OVER 400'" BOOKS ANNUALLYNote: . We: Never Sub- let Any Plates or ArtWork.Unusual Personal Service on AllBooks Professor W. D. M'acMillan; Ph.D� in Math­ematical Astronomy '08, and the Chairmanof the astronomical section is. Professor F. R.Moulton, Ph.D. in Astronomy '00, of theUniversity of Chicago.Dr. Leonard E. Loeb, Chemistry '16, hasbeen appointed assistant professor of physicsin the University of California. He wasassistant to Sir Ernest Rutherford in theUniversity of Manchester in 1919, and hasfor the past four years been national re­search fellow in physics, working at theUniversity of Chicago, and has published anumber of papers on ionization in gases.Professor Theodore Lindquist, Ph.D. inMathematics '12, who is head of the De­partment of Mathematics at the KansasState Normal School, has published an arti­cle in School and Societ}1 on "Mathematics,the project Instrument."Dr. Helen B. Thompson, Philosophy '00,dean of the division of home economics andprofessor of food economics and nutritionin the Kansas State Agricultural College,has been appointed professor of home eco­nomics at the University of California,Southern Branch, Los Angeles.Dr. Wallace W. Atwood, Geology '0'3,president of Clark University, visited uni­versities and colleges in Scotland, England,Belgium, Germany, Holland, France andSwitzerland collecting material and appar­atus for the university, and he also madeengagements with several European scholarsto occupy the visiting professor's chair atClark University during the year.Dr. Charles Zeleny, Chemistry '04, of theUniversity of Illinois, lectured at the Uni­versity of Kentucky before the KentuckyChapter of Sigma Xi on May 25, on "Somephases of research on heredity."Dr. W. G. Simon, Mathematics '18, assist­ant professor of Mathematics at AdelbertCollege, Western Reserve University, hasbeen made acting head of the departmentsince the sudden death of Professor A. D.Pitcher, Ph.D. in Mathematics '10, who washead of the department for several yearspast.Dr. H. E. Slaught, Mathematics '98, de­livered the leading address at the eveningmeeting of the Central Association of Sci­ence and Mathematics Teachers held in In­dianapolis on December 30, 1923, on thesubject: "Mathematics and the Other Sci­ences."The Recovery of a Hero(Continued from page 66)because it is unnatural, but because it hasbeen used so much as a collection of textsand has been so considered as a set ofteachings, that its vital,' natural, humancharacter has been forgotten. Such a re­covery of a great Biblical character as MLHenry has given us should go far to dispelthis misconception of the wonderful litera­ture that we call the Bible.ALUMNI AFFAIRSPresident Burton Addresses College Club(Continued from page 49)mind fitted for it, for we must recognizethat college is not an educational panacea."Also, we must determine with care, whata college course is for. Heretofore we havefollowed along traditional lines, under nopressure from without, so absorbed in ourwork that we have lost sight of the whole."I t is hazardous for me to attempt adefinition, but ·it seems to me that collegeought to keep a boy or girl in an atmos­phere conducive to forming, to acquiringpower to think; to gaining standards ofvalue; to fix such habits and aptitudes thathis living then and thereafter may give himthe most of life an enable him in turn togive the most of himself."The college must create an atmosphereconducive to right choice, and help thestudent after the choice is made. It mustlay emphasis on other things than knowl­edge-on personality, horizon, habit of rightdecision, perception, appreciation, moral char­acter. Recent events have shown thatknowledge is not enough to save a nation."If we take youth out of other occupationsand ask them to give the years necessary for,college, we must see that they get some­thing worthy the exchange. The day iscome when we must greatly refine our proc­esses, and deal not in masses, but with theindividual."The dinner was arranged by Miss AliceGreenacre, '08; J. D. '11, president of theAlumnae Club of the University of Chicago,and acting chairman of the EntertainmentCommittee of the College Club. Mrs.Robert E. Graves, '98, one of the foundersof the Alumnae Club, and now president ofthe College Club, presided and introducedDr. Burton.Degrees to be Conferred at ConvocationAnnouncement is made of the tentativelist of candidates for degrees at the nextConvocation of the University on Decem­ber 18.In the Colleges of Arts, Literature andScience 84 Bachelor's degrees will be con­ferred, ten in the School of Commerce anaAdministration, one in Social Service Ad­ministration, and 16 in the College of Edu­cation.In the Graduate Schools of Arts, Litera­ture, and Science there will be 21 candidatesfor the Master's degree and 11 for the de­gree of Doctor of Philosophy; in the Di­vinity School, three for the Master's degreeand one for the Bachelor's degree; and inthe Law School. three for the degree ofDoctor of Law 0. D.) and one for the de­gree of Bachelor of Laws.Among the graduates will be two EastIndians, two Chinese, one Filipino. and fiveJapanese. The total number of degrees tobe conferred is 152. 77THIS CHRISTMASg Step into either of our- two stores.You will find a complete' and compre­hensive stock of books, grouped tofacilitate choice. Those in charge knowbooks and are competent to advise andaid in selecting. '�Don't forget-Book Ends, U. of C. Nov­elties, Stationery, Fountain Pen Sets,Portable Typewriters, etc.WOODWORTH'S BOOK STORE I112 S. �::�:�b.��� J1311 E. 57th St.V. A. Woodworth. '06$1.00Opens aSavingsAccount $100.00Starts a, Checking: AccountWe own and recommend as a safeinvestment, FIRST MORTGAGEGOLD BONDS on HYDE PARKproperty payingInterest 6Y2 and 7% Interest.The bonds are certified and. registered by the Chicago Title &Trust Co. trustee, and the titleguaranteed for the full amount of thebonds.UNIVERSITY STATE BANKA CLEARING HOUSE BANK1354 East 55th St. "Comer Ridge�oo:l"78 THE UNiVERSl1'YOF CHiCAGO MAGAZiNEc. F. Axelson, '07SPECIAL AGENTNorthwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co.900 The RookeryTelephone Wabash 1800BRADFORD GILL, '.10 WILLIS H. LINSLEY. '01GILL, LINSLEY & MIDDLETONALL 'I NSURANCE FORMS175 WEST JACKSON BOULEVARDTELEPHONE WABASH 9411 CHICAGORalph H. H�bart, '96. HOBART & OATESCHICAGO GENERAL A:GENTSNorthwestern Mutual Life Ins. Co.900 The RookeryEarle A. Shilton, '14REAL ESTATEUPPER MICHIGAN AVENUE BUSINESSAND FACTORY PROPERTY637 No. Michigan Ave. Superior 0074RAYMOND j. DALY, '12I nueslmeai SecuritiesWITHFederal Securities CorporationCHICAGORandolph 7500John J. Cleary, Jr., '14ELDREDGE & CLEARYGeneral InsuranceFidelity & Surety BondsInsurance Exchange BuildingTel. Wabash 1240 ChicagoCornelius Teninga, '12RUL ESTATETeninga Bros. & Co., 11324 Mic:higan Ave.PULLMAN 5000John A. Logan, '21Investment SecuritieswithH. M. BYLLESBY & COMPANY208 So. La Salle St. Wabash 0820 l�rri:g:s:-;:;;gements. 'IBirths, Deaths.._..-nllll .... _. ._ •• • �-n- •• -- ...... ____+:JIMattiage�Melvin Amos Brannon, Ph.D. '12, to Mrs.Anna Lytle Tannahill. June 27. 1923, at Be­loit, Wisconsin. At home, Helena, Mont­ana.Dorothy Strachan, '15, to Troxel LeRoyTennant, July 6, 1923, at Kent, Washing­ton. At home, 415 S. 17th Avenue, Yakima,Washington.Ralph W. Davis, '16, to Geraldine Scott,November 11, 1923, in Chicago. At home,1511 E. 69th Place, Chicago.Lena McGuire, ex. '18, to Dr. J. E. Hodes,in Chicago. At home, 2454 Sunnyside Ave�nue, Chicago.Mildred W. Miller, '19, to John B.. Wat­kins, '22, August 25, 1923, in Oak Park,Illinois. At home, Pullman, Washington.Frances Creekmur, '19, to Harry W. Whit­comb, in Chicago. At home, 7150 YaleA venue, Chicago.Florence Alcock, '21, to Henry HudlerMoore. June 23, 1923, in Chicago. At home,5427 University Avenue, Chicago.Esther Davis, S. B. '21, S. M. '24, to Irv­ing W. Barnett, October 13, 1923, in Chi­cago.Louise Harsha, '21, to Charles RussellBennett. At home, 104 North Vine Street,Westerville, 0 hio.Ethylen Cohen, '22, to Robert Strauss ..Mr·s. Louise M. Dodge, '22, to John W.Whitham, June 23. 1923. At home, May­wood, Route 10. Seattle, Washington.Adelaide Bledsoe, '22, to Edward Bart­lett Cormack, '23, October 22, 1923. Athome, 2329 Commonwealth Avenue, Chi­cago.Floyd G. Dana, '22, to Mabel Kiser, ex.'24, October 6, 1923. At home, 7035 ClydeAvenue. Chicago.Ella Tilles, '23, to John Allfree. ex. '23,October 7. 1923, in Fort Smith, Arkansas.At home, Elm Park. Newton, Iowa.Henry Hulbert, '23, to Marion LouiseColeman, September 18, 1923. At home,1457 E. 66th Place, Chicago.�ngagement�Mary King McDonald, '15, to Earle Lud­gin, ex. '22.Delia Irnerrnan, '20, to Henry Meyers ofDetroit, Michigan.Margaret Tunison, '21, to William J.Bradford, '22.Carroll York Belknap, '21, A. M. '21, toMargaret George.Luther W. Tatge, '22, to Signe Wenner­hlad, '23.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 79PhotoiTaph of 470 John Hancock Policies WTitten on the lives of students of ,he 1923Graduating Class of the Massachusetts Institute of 'TechnologyTHESE policies represent $125,000 in endow ..ment insurance payable to M. I. T. at the25th Reunion of the Class of 1923. The mem­bers are insured as individuals and pay theirown premiums as a visible evidence of theirloyalty to the institution.This picture is reproduced as a suggestion toindividual graduates of all ages and graduatingclasses of other colleges.The John Hancock desires to serve Its friendsin the college world to the best of its ability.Information can be secured from any agentof the John Hancock Mutual Life InsuranceCompany or by addressing the Home office,197 Clarendon Street, Boston, Massachusetts.OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSUTSSixty-one 'Years in business. Now insuring One Billion Seven HundredMillion dollars in policies on 3,250,000 lives.;. �����"�",��"",,,,- �""7'.:::"'��-"'?;:"''':q'''-��''�''��'':"��'''5''''��,,:"�� •';'���..a�� ...�:6'..:':���"��;i����";"�I�.�--:''''';���'''��� .80 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE© S.& Co.The First Western MigratioriWHEN the Revolution was over, pioneersblazed their way across the Appalachiansinto Tennessee, Kentucky and Ohio, in search ofa better livelihood.They brought with them, to conquer the wild­erness, a cow or two each, half a dozen pigs, somesheep, perhaps; an ox, a horse, a dog; a rifle, axe,knife; courage and a love of adventure.Next came the storekeeper. Settlements beganto appear. Towns grew. Rough roads were beatenout. Boats went nosing up and down the rivers.At first the pioneers cured their meats crudelyfor their own needs. Then, in the towns, theytraded their surplus for merchandise.This method was soon outgrown. Small pack­ing plants sprang up at various points to absorbthe farmers' extra live stock, and supply thepeople with their meats.Some of these points had natural advantagesover the others-notably Cincinnati. Here tworivers met. Roads reached out into the back coun­try in every direction, enabling the farmer to bringin live stock easily. More and more packingplants sprang up there. Soon it became the porkcenter of the country-the first one-shipping toNew Orleans, the East, even Europe.The meat was "packed" in brine or pickle. Saltbeef and salt pork were the staple meats.* * *The history of Cincinnati is the history of all porkpacking centers that have developed since then.Each was the product of its environment; of theneed for making the .increasing production of liveanimals available as meat to distant consumers.In this service Swift & Company now has twen­ty-three packing plants located in live stock areas.Products of these plants are prepared under .themost sanitary conditions and governmentinspec­tors carefully inspect all meats. New methods,notably refrigeration, make possible the saving 'ofmeats once wasted and the complete utilizationof all by-products which then had no value.Salt beef and salt pork have been supplementedby choice fresh meats and delicately cured meatssuch as Premium Hams and Premium Bacon.Thousands of refrigerator cars carry this meatand hundreds of refrigerated branch houses makeit available to consumers everywhere at all times.Swift & Company, U. S. A.,Founded 1868A nation-wide organization owned by morethan 45,000 shareholdersSwift & Company's profit from all sources for this serv­ice' averages only a fraction of a cent per pound. " 1Sittb�To Frederick A.' Speik, S. B. '05, andMrs. Speik (Edith Lawton), '06, a daughter,Betty Jane, October 12, 1923, at South Pas­adena, California.To Mr. and Mrs. Leroy Francis Harza(Zelma Davidson), '09, a son, Richard Dav­idson, October 7, 1923, at Chicago.To Captain Julian H. Gist, '11, and Mrs.Gist, a daughter, Aloha Patricia, October5 1923 at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii,,To Lewis A. Smith, '11, and Mrs. Smith,a son Lewis Alway, J L, September 28,1923, �t Berwyn, Illinois.,To Frederic R. Kilner, '16, and Mrs. Kil­ner (Colleen Browne), '15, a son, FredericHammond, November 4, 1923, at Chicago.To Paul H. Daus, '16, and Mrs. Daus, adaughter, Eleanor June, June 16, 1923, atLos Angeles, California.To Reveley H. R Smith, ex. '17, and Mrs.Smith (Ruth Mallory), '20, a daughter,Leila Jane Buller, July i3, 1923, at Syra­cuse, New York.To James B. Ogg, LL.B. '18, and Mrs.Ogg, a daughter, July 19, 1923, at Los An­geles, California.To Walter C. Earle, '18, and Mrs. Earle(Eugenic Williston), '19,' a daughter, Mar­jorie Pearce, July 27, 1923.To Norman G. MacLeod, '20. and Mrs.MacLeod (Marjorie Coonley), '17, A. M.'22, a son, Howard Allen, August 23, 1923,at Chicago.To Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Campbell (MaryHelen Shipley) Cert. '20, a son, HerbertSidney, Jr., September 27, 1923, at Chicago.To Leal W. Reese, J. D. '20, and Mrs.Reese, a daughter. Mary Louise,_ August8, 1923, at Taylorville, Illinois.Uleatb�Benjamin F. Martin, Th.!? '94, April 25,1923 at Fort Wayne, Indiana, where hewas 'pastor of the Immanuel Baptist church.Captain George E. T. Stevenson, '99, July16, 1923, chaplain of the Portsmouth, NewHampshire, Navy Yard.Mrs. Charles Hamilton Walker (EvaSouthworth) S. B. '11, August 16, 1923, atStevens Point, Wisconsin.Harry Hanes Wylie, Ph,D. '18, June 10,1923, at Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, wherehe was Professor of Education at GenevaCollege.Samuel Marmor, '23, July 6, 1923, at NewYork City.C. and A. School Notes(Continued from page 63)'was called by Glen L. Swiggett, Commer­cial Specialist, United States Bure�u of Ed­ucation, Washington, D. c., �o. dISCUSS thepractices and objectives in training of se.cre­taries. The leading educational institutionsin the United States were represented at,this conference.When tbe ribs and fly­wheelofthis big machinecracked across, the nec­essary repairs weremade by electric weldingin three hours actualtime.The needle that knits metals•One of the interestingdepartments of theGeneralElectricCom­pany's works at Sche­nectady is the Schoolof Electric Welding,to which any manu­facturer may sendmen for instruction. There was a time when abroken wheel would tie up abig plant for days .Now electric welding toolsliterally knit together the jag­ged edges of metals and in­sure uninterrupted produc­tion. That means steadywages, steady profits, and alower price to the consumer.GENERAL EtECTRIC"America's FinestJlrfen's Wear Stores""The name Capper auocia'ted with a man's gift means much to therecipient-more perhaps than does that 'of any other Men's store."GIFTSNONEOVER GIFTSNONE $5.. 00OVERIIHandke,rcMefs (each) ••...•.. $0.50Handkerchiefs, Irish Linen(each) $1.00Silk Colored Kerchiefs (each) .. $2.00Ladies' Imported Ke·rchiefs(each) $1.50Silk Web Suspend,ers $1.75Te<rry Cloth Mules $1.75Colored Sport Belts .........• ' .. $2.00'Pigskin Belts $2.5'0Silk-and-Wool N�ckwear •... :$1.50Silk Neckwear ........•... � $2.00Silk Neckwear $2.50Bow T'ies . $1.00Bow Ties $I.SOSilk Hose , $i.soClocked Silk Hose , .. $2.50Ribbed Wool Hose $1.50Ribbed Wool Hose $1.75 �-Doz. Initialed Kerchiefs ..... $3.50Oxford Cloth Shirts, Plain Col-ors, With and Without CoUarAttached $3.50Domestic Madras Shirts $3.50English Broadcloth Shirts ..•• $5.00Dress Shirts $4.00Berkley Knit Neckwear" ,. $3.50Imported Swiss KDitted Neck-wear ; .•........... $5.00DeauviUe Scarfs $3.50"The Boulevard" Hat ' $5.00Tan Cape Gloves $2.75Buckskin or Grey MochaGloves $5.00Plai!n Colored SoisettePajamas .. � $4.00Sterling Silver Enameled CuffLinks $3.50Hard Sole Folding TravelingSlippers $5.00House Slippers .....•.......... $5.00Flat Swiss Silk Muffier, withBrocaded Ends $5.00LOND,GNCHIC,AGOST. PAULD E'T R 0 ITMILWAUKEEMINNEA'POLISTwo Chicago Stores:Michigan Avenue at Monroe Streetand HOTEL SHERMAN