PUBl;ISHINGNot for Proli:t-, bat for' Sert1,iceOrders for the books. of tbe University of Chicago Press passswiftly through the disttibutin!g channels maintained by thePublication D:epartm\ent., 'The same day an, order is receivedthe volumes desired are packed in corrugated board, wrapped,and' addressed to the consignee. After being properly billedthrev are ,then {orwarded by QUtU, express, freight,' or messenger. ·A large volume of :tnail is handled daily by the mailing division.eatalogn;es, booldets" bulletins" and letters' are sent out to;acquaint possible purchasers with. the books of the Press,' andincoming mail and orders are distdhuted every half... hour to. the ,prlOper employees tot' atteneioa.i.,." L,; a,st C"h,',' tisttnl't" s the Utu,·:ve,. rsLtyo, fe,' hicag",o Pr, ess pro, vided a, s, pec, ialJ mailirl!lig service tor purchasers of The Book ,of Lake Geneva, byPaul, B. Jenkins. A large number of copies 'of this de luxevo�utne .. that we':,,,e boughr fOf 'gift use were specially wrapped inChdstmas packages and. mailed with d:l:e card of the giver, .'OHS' IS, mE E.IGHTa Of fA 'SERlES.' OF AD'VERTlSEMENTS'il'f(A'it' M'LL OiESCRli$E TaE MAKINO OF '0(01) BOOKS ATTHE UNIVERSITY :OF :CHICA,GO PRESSEditor and Business Manager, ADOLPH G. PIERROT, '07.Editorial BoardC. and A. Association-DoNALD P. BEAN, '17.Divinity. Association-s-Is; G. BAKER, Ph.D., '21.Doctors' Association-HENRY C. COWLES, Ph.D., '98.Law Association-CHARLES F. McELROY, A.M., '06, J.D., '15.School of Education Association-FLoRENCE WILLIAMS, '16.The Magazine is published monthly from November to July, inclusive, by The Alumni Council of TheUniversity of. Chicago, 58th St .. and Ellis Ave., Chicago, Ill. The subscription price is $2.00 per year;the price of single copies is 20 cents. UPostage is prepaid by the publishers on all orders from the UnitedStates, Mexico; Cuba, Porto Rico, Panama Canal Zone, Republic of Panama, Hawaiian Islands, Philip­pine Islands, Guam, Samoan Islands. UPostage is charged -extra as follows: For Canada, 18 cents onannual subscriptions (total $2.18), on single copies, 2 cents (total 22 cents); for all other countries inthe Postal Union, 27 cents on annual subscriptions (total $2.27), on single copies, 8 cents (total -28 cents).URemittances should be made payable to The Alumni Council and should be in the Chicago or New Yorkexchange, postal or express money order. If local check is used, 10 cents must be added for collection.Claims for missing numbers should be made within the month following the regular month of publica­tion. The publishers expect to supply missing numbers free only when they have been lost in transit.All correspondence should Ire addressed to The Alumni Council, Box 9, Faculty Exchange, The Univer­sity of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.Entered as second-class matter December 10, 1914, at the Postoffice at Chicago, Illinois, under the Actof March 8, 1879.Member of Alumni Magazines Associated.VOL. XV CONTENTS FOR JUNE, 1923 No.8FRONTISPIECE: PRESENTATION OF OLD UNIVERSITY STONECLASS SECRETARIES AND CLU� OFFICERS 283EVENTS AND COlVI MENT ..•............ : - ': 285THE 1923 REUNION ' .- ..........................................•. 287ALUMNI AFFAIRS_ ...........................................•... 289AN ADDRESS ON THE COLLEGE (DEAN NATHANIEL BUTLER) 291THE ROGER OF WALTHAM MANUSCRIPT (PROFESSOR JOI-IN M. MANLY) 296CHANGES IN BAPTISTE RESTRICTIONS (ACTING PRESIDENT ERNEST DEWITT BURTON) 297'fHE LETTER Box., .- ......•.. ' 299NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES 300ATHLETICS .....•...........•...................................•...................... 301UNIVERSITY NOTES ' ' ; .- 302SCHOOL OF EDUCATION (ILLINOIS SCHOOL FINANCE-PROFESSOR HENRY c. MORRISON) 304BOOK REVIEWS 30/)NEWS OF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONS 308MARRIAGES, ENGAGEMENTS, BIRTHS, DEATHS : •..••......•... 320281282 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAL1NEThe Alumni Councilof the University of ChicagoChairman, CHARLES F. AXELSON, '07Secretary-Treasurer. ADOLPH G. PIERROT, '07.THE COUNCIL for 1922-23 is composed of the following delegates:From the College Alumni Association, Term expires 1923, ELIZABETH FAULKNER, '85;THOMAS J. HAIR, '03; LEO F. WORMSER, '05; ALICE GREENACRE, '08; WILLIAM H.LYMAN, '14; MRS. RUTH DICKINSON, '15; Term expires 1924, MRS. WARREN GORRELL,'98; CHARLES S. EATON. '00: FRANK McNAIR, '03; MRS. GERALDINE B. GILKEY, '12;PAUL S. RUSSELL, '16; MRS. RODERICK J. MACPHERSON, '17; Term expires 1925, JOHNP. MENTZER, '98; HENRY D. SULCER, '05; CHARLES F. AXELSON, '07; HAROLD H.SWIFT, '07; MRS. DOROTHY D. CUMMINGS, '16; JOHN NUVEEN, JR., '18.From the Association of Doctors of Philosophy, HERBERT L. WILLETT, PH.D., '96; HERBERT E.SLAUGHT, PHD., '98; MRS. MAYME LOGSDON, PH.D, '21'.From the Bivinity Alumni Association, E. J. GOODSPEED, D. B., '97, PH.D., '98; OSCAR D.BRIGGS, ex-'09; A. G. BAKER, PH.D., '21.From the Law School Alwmni 'Association, EDGAR J. PHILLIPS, L. L. B., '11; CHARLES F. Mc­ELROY, A.M., '06, J.D., '15; HENRY F. TENNEY, PH.B., '13, J.D., '15.From the School of Education Alumni Association, R. L. LYMAN, PH.D., '17; MRS. GARRETTF. LARKIN, '21; BUTLER LAUGHLIN, Ex. '22. .From the Commerce and Administration Alumni Association, FRANK E. WEAKLY, '14;DONALD P. BEAN, '17; JOHN A. LOGAN, '21. ..FrMH the Chicago Alumni Club, FRANCIS F. PATTON, '11; HOWELL W. MURRAY, '14; WILLIAMH. LYMAN, '14.From the Chicago Alumnae Club, GRACE A. COULTER, '99; ALICE GREEN ACRE, '08; MRs. HELENCARTER JOHNSON, '12.From the University, HENRY GORDON GALE, '96, PH.D., '99.Alumni Associations Represented in the Alumni Council:THE COLLEGE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, CHARLES F. AXELSON, '07, The Rookery, Chicago.Secretary, ADOLPH G. PIERROT, '07, University of Chicago.ASSOCIATION OF DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHYPresident, HERBERT L. WILLETT, Ph.D., '96, University of Chicago.Secretary, HERBERT E. SLAUGHT, Ph.D., '98, University of Chicago.DIVINITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, JAMES MCGEE, D.B., '08, 165 York Street, New Haven, Conn.Secretary, CLARENCE W. KEMPER, A.M., '11, D.B., '12, First Baptist Church, Charles­ton, W. Va.LAW SCHOOL ASSOCIATIONPresident, HENRY F. TENNEY, PH.B., '13, J.D., '15, 137 So. La Salle St., Chicago,Secretary, CHARLES F. McELROY, A.M., '06, J.D., '15, 1609 Westminster Bldg., Chicago.SCHOOL OF EDUCATION ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, GEORGE L.. WILLETT, PH.D., '23, Lyons Township High School, LaGrange,Illinois.Secretary, FLOREN.CE WILLIAMS, '16, A.M., '20, University of Chicago.COMMERCE AND ADMINISTRATION ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, DONALD P. BEAN, '17, University of Chicago.Secretary, MISS CHARITY BUDINGER, '20, 6031 Kimbark Ave., Chicago.All communications should be sent to the Secretary of the proper Association or to theAlumni Council, Faculty Exchange, University of Chicago.The dues for Membership in either one of the Associations named above; including sub­scriptions to the University of Chicago Magazine, are $2.00 per year. A holder of two or moredegrees from the University of Chicago may be a member of more than one Association insuch instances the dues are divided and shared equally by the Associations involved.CLASS SECRETARIES-CLUB OFFICE1<.SCLASS SECRETARIES18. Herman von Holst, 72 W. Adams St.'94. Horace G. Lozier, 175 W. Jackson Blvd.'95. Charlotte Foye, 5602 Kenwood Ave.'96. Harry W. Stone, 10 S. La Salle St.'97. Scott Brown, 208 S. La Salle St.'98. John F. Hagey, First National Bank.'99. Josephine T. Allin, 4805 Dorchester Ave.'00. Mrs. Davida Harper Eaton, 5744 Kimbark Ave.'01. Marian Fairman, 4744 Kenwood Ave.'02. Mrs. Ethel Remick McDowell, 1440 E. 66thPlace.'03 Agness J. Kaufman, Lewis Institute.'04. Edith L. Dymond, Lake Zurich, Ill.'05. Clara H. Taylor. 5838 Indiana Ave.'06. Herbert I. Markham, N. Y. Life Bldg.'07. Helen.-Norris, 72 W. Adams St. 283'08. Wellington D. Jones, University of Chicago.'09 Mary E. Courtenay, 1588 E. Marquette Rd.'10. Bradford Gill, 175 W. Jackson lJIvd.'11. William H. Kuh, 2001 Elston Ave.'12. Harriet Murphy, 4880 Grand Blvd.'13. James A. Donovan, 209. S. La Salle St.'14. W. Ogden Coleman. 2219 S. Halsted St.'15. Mrs. Phyllis Fay Horton, 1229 E. 56th St.'16. Mrs. Dorothy D. Cummings, 7214 Yates Ave., 17. Lyndon H. Lesch, 1204, 134 S. La .Salle St.'18. Barbara Miller. 5520 Woodlawn Ave.'19. Mrs. Carroll Mason Russell, 5202 Woodlawn.'20. Mrs. Theresa Rothermel. 1222 E. 52nd St.'21. Katherine Clark, 5724 Kimbark Ave.'22. Mina Morrison, 5600 Dorchester Ave.All addresses are . in Chicago unless otherwise stated.OFFICERS OF UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO CLUBSAtlanta and Decatur, Ga. (Georgia Club).Pres., M. H. Dewey, Emory University,Oxford.Boise Valley, Idaho. Sec., Mrs. J. P. Pope,702 Brumback St., Boise.Boston (Massachusetts Club). Sec., Mrs,Pauline L: Lehrburger, 88 Browne St.,Brookline.Cedar Falls and Waterloo (Iowa). Sec.,Harriet L: Kidder, 1310 W. 22nd St.,Cedar Falls, Ia. .Chicago Alumni Club. Sec., William H. Ly­man, 5 N. LaSalle St.Chicago Alumnae Club. Sec., Mrs. FredHuebenthal, 4119 Washington Blvd.Cincinnati, O. Sec., E. L. Talbert, Univer­sity of Cincinnati.Cleveland, O. Sec., Nell C. Henry, Glen­ville High School.Columbus, O. Sec., Mrs. T. G. Phillips, 1486Hunter Ave.Connecticut. Sec., Florence McCormick,Connecticut Agr. Exp. Station, NewHaven.Dallas, Tex. Sec.L-. Rhoda Pfeiffer Hammill, .1417 American Exchange Bank Bldg. .Denver (Colorado Club). Pres., FrederickSass, 919 Foster Bldg.Des Moines, Ia. Sec., Hazelle Moore, Rol­lins Hosiery Mills.Detroit, Mich. Sec., Lester H. Rich, 1354Broadway. .Emporia, Kan. Pres., Pelagius Williams,Sta te Normal School.Grand Forks, N. D. Sec.,. H. C. Trimble,University of North Dakota.Honolulu, T. H. H. R. Jordan, First J udi­cial Circuit.Indianapolis, Ind. Sec., Alvan Roy Ditt­rich, 511 Board of Trade Bldg.Iowa City, Ia. Sec., Olive Kay Martin,State University of Iowa.Kansas City, Mo. Sec., Florence Bradley,4113 Walnut Street.Lansing, Mich.· (Central Michigan Club).Sec., Stanley E. Crowe, Mich. Agr. College.Lawrence, Kan. Pres., Professor A. T.Walker, University of Kansas.Los Angeles, Cal. (Southern. CaliforniaClub). Sec., Miss Eva M. Jessup, 232West Ave., 53.Louisville, Ky. George T. Ragsdale, 1483So. Fourth St.Milwaukee, Wis. Sec., William Shirley, 912- Railway Exchange Bldg.Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. (Twin Cities Club). Sec. Charles H. Loomis, Merch­ant's Loan & Trust Co., St. Paul.New York, N. Y. (Alumni Club). Sec.,Lawrence J. MacGregor, care Halsey,Stuart & Co., 14 Wall St.New York Alumnae Club, Sec., Mrs. HelenePollak Gans, 15 Claremont Ave., NewYork City. .Omaha (N ebraska Club). Sec., Juliette Grif­. fin, South High School.Peoria, Ill. Pres., Rev. Joseph C. Hazen,179 Flora Ave.Philadelphia, Pa. Pres., W. Henry Elfreth,21 S. Twelfth St.Pittsburgh, Pa. Sec., M. R. Gabbert, Uni­'versity of Pittsburgh.Portland, Ore. Pres., Virgil A. Crum, 1313Northwestern Bank Bldg.St. Louis, Mo. Pres., Bernard MacDonald,112 So. Main St.Salt Lake City, Utah. Pres., W. H. Leary,625 Kearns Bldg.San Francisco, Cal. (Northern CaliforniaClub.) Sec., William H. Bryan, 406 Mont­gomery St.Seattle, Wash. Pres., Robert F. Sandall,603 Alaska Bldg.Sioux City, Ia. Sec., Dan H. Brown, 801Jones St.South Dakota. Sec., E. K. Hillbrand, Mit­chell, S. D.Tri Cities (Davenport, Ia., Rock Island andMoline, IlL). Sec., Miss Ella Preston,1322 E. 12th St., Davenport.Tucson, Arizona. Sec., Estelle Lutrell, Uni­versity of Arizona.Vermont. Pres., Ernest G. Ham, Brandon,Vt.Virginia. Pres, F. B. Fitzpatrick, EastRadford, Va.. .Washington D. C. Sec., Bertha Henderson,No.1 Heskett St., Chevy Chase, Md.West Suburban Alumnae (Branch of Chi­cago Alumnae Club). Chairman, Mrs.George S. Hamilton, 367 Franklin Ave.,River Forest; Ill.Wichita, Kan. Pres., Benjamin Truesdell,412 N. Emporia Ave.FOREIGN REPRESENTATIVESManila. P. 1. Sec., Dr. Luis P. Uychutin,University of Philippines.Shanghai, China. John Y. Lee, ShanghaiY. M. C.A.Tokyo, Japan. E. W. Clement, First HighSchool.�00;t:.Ceremonies at Presentation of Old University StoneThe picture, taken from the roof of the Shanty, shows Jacob Newman, '73, representing the Fiftieth AnniversaryClass, making the presentation address. This stone, (recently located at the home of Professor Marcus W. J ernegan andkindly given by him on request from alumni of the Old University), will be set up in Harper Court with a tablet tellingof its history and significance. . I--.:J:::c:tl:1c:::::��tl1.�V)........I--.:J�o'"l'JCJ�........CJ:::t.c;]o�c;]:::t.N........<::tl1University of ChicagoMagazine'TheJUNE, 1923 No.8VOL. XV�EVENTS &� �COMMEN�The 1923 Reunion will be remembered formany phases to its great credit.The I t was very successful in a ttend-1923 ance and enthusiasm; it ernpha-Reunion sized with marked interest and ef-fect the features of our reunionswhich have now become, or are rapidly be­coming, worth-while traditional features; butit was particularly creditable for the generalmanagement. The Reunion Committee tookhold of things this year with a firm and everwilling hand; indeed, we know of instanceswhere several members practically quit theirbusiness for one or two weeks and devotedalmost their en tire time to reunion details.Credit should be given, and is gratefullygiven, to the members of this year's able,hard-working committee: S. Edwin Earle,'11, general chairman; Edgar A. Buzzell, '86,the Old University; Frank Selfridge, '15, theSing; Helen Morris, '07, and Mrs. H. L. Mc­Daniel '17, class organization; Mrs. Char­lotte Vial Wiser, '14, class costumes; W.Ogden Coleman, '14, the Parade; William H.Lyman, '14, the Supper; Lyndon H. Lesch.'17, the Garden Party; and Sarah Lewis, '20,Publicity. All of them did most excellentwork, not only in initiating the work re­quired, in' planning and outlining, but in see­ing that the events in their charge were sue­cessfully carried through to the end. Fewalumni, we venture to state, will ever fullyrealize the amount of detail connected with.and the real effort required to successfullyconduct, a large .reunion. Only those "onthe inside" kriow just how loyally this com­mittee labored. It is a work as truly forChicago as most other alumni efforts re­quired. Again to this Committee-our sin- cerest appreciation and grateful thanks fora difficult job well done!The assembly was. especially interestingas a tribute to Acting President Ernest De­Witt Burton, on the occasion of his "first"reunion. The tribute was fittingly given, inattendance, interest, and enthusiasm. Cele­brating, as he did, his "first" reunion, Dr.Burton never falied to "rise to the occasion"at every turn. His various addresses madeduring the reunion week breathed the spiritof most sincere invitation and welcome, ex­pressed effectively the significance of everyoccasion, neatly and adroitly combined hu":­mor and serious purpose, and rang with afine, inspiring challenge to the alumni toloyally cooperate in the great advance tlieUniversity is soon to make along many lines.The alumni enjoyed meeting and hearinghim-and he certainly enjoyed to the full­est the. opportunity to meet and come insomewhat intimate contact with the alumni.The presentation of the stone from theOld University, noted and pictured else­where in this number of /th:e Magazine, gavea unique and somewhat historic touch toAlumni Day. The event brought out thelargest number of alumni of the Old Uni­versity since the Quarter-Centennial Cele­bration in 1916.· It renewed their interest inthe University, and, as a simple monumentsymbolizing on our quadrangles, as it will, therelationship between the old and the newinstitutions, it will be a visible "connectinglink between the two centuries," between thetwo institutions, and, at future' reunions andalumni affairs, between the "older boys" andthe "younger boys."I t was gratifying to see the "turn-out" by285286 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MA"GAZINEthe classes,. and particularly by the anniver­sary classes. The classes of 1913, 1918, and1922, with their later and better organiza­tion, were rather expected to make goodshowings-and they did. But the earlierclasses, mainly owing to a lack heretofore instrong class organization, were somewhat"in doubt"; but they assuredly removed thatdoubt on Alumni Day. They seemed torealize that it was their, not solemn buthappy duty to "carry the day" with specialstunts-and they came right up with properspirit. The anniversary classes, all, certainlydid their share in making Alumni Day a pro­nounced success. We gladly congratulatethem!I t is difficult to make any accurate esti­mate of the number of alumni who attended.J:he gatherings this year. However, with theSchool of Education Alumni meeting inMay, with the Ph. D. and Law associationannual meetings, and with the entire. ReunionWeek taken into account, it can be safelyestimated that close to 2,000 alumni took partin our reunions for 1923. To this shouldbe added the gatherings of alumni clubsthroughout the country during Reuniontime-smaller "reunions,"· indeed, but equallyas loyal in spirit and activity. It is obvi­ous that as the years pass we are growingstronger and stronger; as an indication ofthis growing strength, in numbers and or­ganization and interest, reunions have theirproper part. The 192'3 Reunion surely dem­onstrated that we are now "well on theway." On May 31, 1923, Acting President ErnestDe Witt Burton delivered aAddress by notable address before theDr. Burton meeting of the Chicago AlumniClub. The address is, in sub­stance, similar to that he delivered .a fewweeks previous at a joint meeting of theNew York Alumni and Alumnae clubs, andcontains much that he stated at the ReunionSupper on June 9th. Briefly reviewing theUniversty's great past, pointing out clearlythe University's general aim, and predicting,to some extent, the University's future, it isa presidential pronouncement of profound in­terest to all Chicago alumni. For that rea­son a copy of the address was recentlymailed to all alumni on our records. It needscarcely be stated that all alumni should andwill read it with deepest appreciation. Neverbefore in our history have our alumni beentaken so completely- "into the" confidence" ofthe administration of the University; neverbefore have they been so frankly and so cor­dially invited to cooperate closely for theadvancement of their Alma Mater. We arenow strong in numbers, strong in or ganiza- -tion, strong in abilities; and with thatstrength have come great responsibilities.The conclusion of Dr. Burton's address car­ries a call that, we feel confident, will in duetime meet with a most loyal response fromall of our alumni:. "So shall we build a true universityadapted to the needs of America and able toserve the world."We do not apologize for our past, we are(Continued on page 303)Herbert E. Fleming, '02, officiating at the Shanty CeremoniesThe picture shows the stage erected for the Class of '03 play.THE 1923 REUNION 287+11-111I- ... -II"-"H-IIII-IlII_lIn_III1_"II_ntl_OH_IIN_IIII_III.1_""-1111-"0-HII-IIK-IIII-IIN-III1-"n-_IIII_lltI_IIII_IIII_118_11II_+i . iI THE 1923 REUNION i� !I I+ .. n-nn-IIH-IIIl-lltI-lIll-nll-lln-HII-nn_tlR_lln_'NI_IUI_ItIl_1II1I-0U-"II-IIH_IIII_IIII_1111_1111_111I_""_HII_II"_1I11_"n_1111_11+The Reunion of 1923 fully measured upto expectations. Every event on the week'sprogram was successful. The registershows visitors from many states and Can­ada, and, judging from the high spirit andenthusiasm prevailing throughout the week,it was a most happy Chicago home-comingfor all who were fortunate to attend.The program was auspiciously startedwith the farewell dinner to Professor Fred­erick Starr, sponsored by the Korigo 13Club, on Tuesday, June 5, at the Hotel LaSalle. The Kongo 13 Club-with FrankOrchard '09, Alvin Kramer '08, Clark Sauer'13, Hume Young '11, "Pat" Page '10, Judge"Wallie" .Steffen '10, Ben F. Newman '11,and others in its membership-is composedof a group of alumni who, grateful for hav­ing unexpectedly passed one or more 'of"Freddy's" courses in anthropology, in com­memoration therof organized the Club .to doannual honor to their benefactor. This din­ner was a most fitting climax of the Club'sactivi ties. Judge Steffen presided. "Fred­dy," responding to the many testimonialtoasts, was in great form, and gave an ad­'dress that sparkled with wit, humor andStarr-dust. The meeting was an excellentstarter for the Reunion. .Thirteen's Tenth Anniversary DinnerThe, next night, June 6th: at the ChicagoBeach Hotel, the Class of 1913 againhonored Professor Starr by having him asthe main speaker at their Tenth Anniver­sary Dinner. As on the previous night hewas appropriately rewarded with the "De­partmental yell"-"Anthropology! Ethnology! Archeology!Starr-Starr-Starr- Yea !"-George Kuh presided at this large classdinner. Ellyn C. Broomell gave some "up­to-date" statistics on the class, which wasfollowed by stereopticon views of the va­rious members "as now before you," con­ducted by Hiram Kennicott. The last pic­ture shown, was a sketch of the stone andbronze memorial flag-pole base, about 12feet high, which the class will soon presentto the University as a class gift. The dinnerand "show" were followed by a dance.The -c- DiimerOn Thursday night the annual "C" dinnerwas held, as customary, in 'Hutchinson Cafe,with Mr. Stagg presiding. Many old "C'men were back for the occasion. In theafternoon an Alumni baseball team, com­posed of "Fritz" Steinbrecher '14, "Skeeter"Libonati '�4, "Happy" Rudolph '18, "Johnny" Boyle '12, "Tony" Hinkle '20, "Fritz" Cris­ler '22, "Pat" Page '10', "Hank" Curtis '22,"Skee" Sauer '12, and H. G. "Dope" Moul-,ton '07, trimmed the varsity, 6-1. The din­ner in the evening brought many interestingstories of the "old days."The SingThe Annual Sing, held on Friday night,June 8th, in Hutchinson Court, brought outthe greatest "turn-out" of fraternity menand spectators in the history of that event.It was conducted with a remarkable pre­cision and was effectively managed through­out. The singing was easily the "best ever."After the group singing was completed,Mr. Stagg presented the HC" blankets tothe winners this year,' and the evening'sevent closed with the singing of the "AlmaMater."The Alumnre BreakfastThe Annual Alurnnre Breakfast, whichstarted the events on Alumni Day, Saturday,June 9th, was held as usual in Ida NoyesHall. The gathering was very large-over240 alumnze attending-and the interestingprogram included: 'Laura L. Runyan '98,founder of the' Chicago Alumnre club; MissMarian Talbot, Dean of Women; Helen E.Hendricks '07, for alumnze in foreign lands;Josephine T. Allin '99, for alumnre at home;Mrs. Mayme, 1. Logsdon '13, for alumnaeon the Faculty; and Anna Gwin Pickens '23,for the graduating class. Mrs. Ernest DeWitt Burton and Mrs. Harry Pratt Judsonwere special guests. , .", :The afternoon". events .. pi AJumni, Daystarted with a baseball victli)'l'Y q;yer Indiana,5-4. For the older alumni 'ther'e' 'was a tourof new buildings on the quadrangles.: con­ducted by the Aides and Marshals. At theFoster Hall Reunion, inhonor of Miss MyraReynolds, many Foster ahirrmse attended.The Class Parade-Award of BannersBy four o'clock the circle was crowdedwith alumni holding informal class meet­ings at the class umbrellas and donning theclass costumes. The Parade, headed ' by atroop from the Military Science Departmentand the University band, followed the lineof march around the University on the: Mid­way side, back into the circle, then throughHull. Court gate onto Stagg Field. : Thecolor 0'£ the costumes, the floats, and themusic and cheering made the Parade astriking part of the day's program. TheClass of 1913 was headed by a Kiltie band;1908 had a kindergarten float, "presenting"children of members of the class-future288 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEalumni and alumnre ; 1918 had a RomanChariot, which was driven by Carl Brelos,class president. Just behind the band was adecorated, truck on which was shown thekey-stone from the Old University-a stonetaken at the time the sole building of theOld University was dismantled, and recentlylocated in the University community. Andof course, the Shanties, in their Maroontams, were largely in evidence. After cir­cling Stagg Field the parade halted, pend­ing decision of the judges. The judges,headed by Acting President Burton andCharles F. Axelson '07, Chairman of theAlumni Council, then awarded the banners:1908 won the banner for the best anniver­sary class float; 1922 won the banner for thelargest class showing outside of the anni­versary classes. The Parade has certainlytaken a conspicuous place on the regularprogram of our Reunions.Presentation of Old University StoneAfter the Parade disbanded the crowdgathered around the Shanty for the day'sceremonies. Jacob Newman '73, represent­ing the 50th Anniversary Class and the OldUniversity, made the presentation address' inconnection with presenting the stone fromthe Old University - building. Acting Presi­dent Burton made the speech of acceptance.Both speakers dwelt on the close relationsbetween the old and the new Universities,and on the significance of this stone assymbolical of that relationship. A pictureof this ceremony appears as the frontis­piece in this- number of the' Magazine.Shanty Ceremonies-'03 PlayThe crowd then went around to the seats arranged before the "stage" set for special"acts." Herbert E. Fleming '02,' represent­ing the Shanties, announced that, in orderto qualify for admission to the- Shanty or­ganization it was up to the class of '03, onthis, its twentieth anniversary, to give astunt which would justify its admission tothat already famous and rapidly grawinggroup. Whereupon the Class of '03 pre­sented a play entitled "A Mummery, orNone is Mum." This was a clever bur­lesque, in costume, an the entrance require­ments of the University, at which proceed­ings, it happens, King Tut, returned to lifefram his tomb, was a spectator and com­menta tor. The cast was as follows:President Ralph MerriamThe Dean Thomas J. HairAnother Dean Ella D. BuntingA Modern Dean Maurice LippmanA Psychologist Elizabeth S. WeirickA Different Psychologist .... Royal W. BellThe Mummy Toot Toot.Dr. E. V. L. BrawnFirst Candidate for Matriculation ................. .- Bruce McLeishSecond Candidate Agnes KaufmanThird Candidate Lorena K. FairbanksFourth Candidate William R. KerrThe "wards and music" were by WalkerMcLaury, Maurice Lippman, et at. It was avery clever burlesque, greatly enjoyed bythe hundreds of spectators, Since, by voteaf the audience, '0-3 had properly qualifiedfor admission to the Shanties, Herbert E.Fleming '02, then presented Thomas J. Hair�president of. the class of '03, with theShanty cap and gown, with appropriate re­marks from the ceremonizers.(Continued on page 318)The Winning Anniversary 'Float-Class of '08 KindergartenALUMNI AFFAIRSALUMNIDr. Burton Addresses Alumni ClubActing President Ernest De Witt Burtonwas the guest of honor and principal speakerat the Annual Spring Banquet of the Chi",cago Alumni Club convened by PresidentWilliam P. MacCracken, 'os, at the RedRoom of the Hotel La Salle on Thursday,May 31, 1923. Dr. Burton's address, whichhas been mailed to over 15,000 alumni, andwhich dealt with the past and future of theUniversity, was deeply appreciated by over100 men who were in attendance at thedinner.Because of' the necessity of appearing be­fore the grand jury, the club president- turned over the meeting to Frank McNair'03, who introduced the speakers. The nomi­nating committee presented the followingnames to serve for the coming year and asthere were no Bolsheviki tickets in opposi­tion the slate as presented was adopted.President-Howe1l W. Murray '14.Vice-President-Paul S. Russe11 '16.Secretary and Treasurer-William H. Ly-man '14.Members of the Executive Committee­Walker McLaury '03, Hugo M. Friend '06,J.D. 'OS, W. France Anderson '97, PercyGraham '20, Francis F. Patton '11.Delegates to the Alumni Council-How­ell W. Murray '14, William H. Lyman '14,Francis F. Patton '11.Nominees to Board of Athletic Control­(0 ne to be selected by the President of theUniversity)- John F. Hagey '98, James M.Sheldon '03, Hugo M. Friend '06. J.D. 'os., Secretary of the Alumni Loan Fund-JohnF. Moulds '07.This was the most successful Spring meet­ing ever held by the club.Wyvern 25th Anniversary ReceptionOn "May 25th the Wyvern Club held a re­ception in Ida Noyes Hall, on the occasionof the Club's twenty-fifth anniversary, toall students and friends of the University.The patronesses were: Mrs. J. Paul Goode,Mrs. E. J. Goodspeed, Mrs. Phyllis FayHorton, Miss Anna Cooper and Miss AlmaCramer. During the afternoon the entiresecond and third floors of the hall werethrown open to the -guests, with refresh­ments served on the second floor anddancing in the theatre. H was an anniver­sary affair greatly enjoyed by many Chi­cagoans.Columbus Club Elects New OfficersThe University of Chicago Alumni Clubof Central Ohio, at Columbus, held its spring 2S9A F FA I RSmeeting toward the end of May. At, thismeeting the following new officers of theclub were elected:J. G. Collicot, ex, President.]. E. Carman, Ph.D. '15, Vice-President.Mrs. T. G. Phillips, ex, Secretary- Treas-urer.The Club reports ten more Chicagoanshave been "discovered" in Columbus andare now on the Club roster. The club yearhas been very successful.University Executives Hold an OutingOn May 19-20 a number of the executivesof the University held an informal outingat Grand Beach, Michigan. In the "party"were: Nathan C Plimpton, Auditor; LymanR. Flook, Superintendent of Buildings andGrounds; Fred H. Tracht, Manager of theUniversity Bookstore; George O. Fair­weather, '07, Assistant Business Managerof the University; John F. Moulds, '07,Cashier and Assistant Secretary of the Boardof Trustees; Donald P. Bean, '17, Publica­tions Manager of the Press; William J.Mather, '17, Manager of the EmploymentBureau and Assistant Cashier; LyndonH. Lesch, '17, Assistant to Mr. Fairweather,and A. G. Pierrot, '07, Alumni Secre­tary. They motored over to the resort,_ at which a number of the Universitycommunity maintain cottages, and spentthe two days in a so-called golf tour­nament. Owing to the "first playing" ofthe - season, the "winter condition" of thecourse, and the occasional fits of badweather, we- refrain from giving the scores.However; and nevertheless, appropriateprizes and "medals" were appropriatelyawarded-and "a good time was had by all."From the Vermont Alumni ClubWhile we are small in numbers and re­mote from - the great University we areproud to ca1l our Alma Mater, we are notlacking in loyalty. We who can not bethere at the Reunion wish you a11 Godspeedin all that vou can do to foster interest inand loyalty' to the University.Ernest G. Ham, '08,President, Vermont U. of C. Club.Tokyo Alumni Club Holds ReunionMeetingTokyo, Japan, May 10, 1923.Dear Mr. Pierrot:This is to inform you that the Universityof Chicago Club of Japan is to' hold ameeting on Saturday, June 9th, at 6 p. m.Although it wi11 not be exactly the same290 THE ONIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtime, it will be the same date, and in thesame spirit, as the. Reunion. Please extendour hearty greetings to all present on thatoccasion. .Yours for Chicago,E. W. Clement. '80.President Atwood Addresses MassachusettsAlumni ClubThe University of Chicago Alumni Clubof Massachusetts met at dinner on Maysecond at the Girls' City Club of Boston.For this meeting alumni were invited tobring their husbands and wives, and in con­sequence' the thirty-one pres en t includedfour "Chicagoans" by adoption.Dr. Wallace W. Atwood, '97, Ph.D. '03,president of Clark University, and in thepast' year president of the MassachusettsClub, was speaker of the-evening. He gavea most entertaining and informing review orhis impressions of conditions in the manyEuropean universities which he had visitedthis winter.Preceding the address a business meetingwas held at which were passed resolutionsof sorrow and sympathy upon the death ofMrs. Luman Thurber (Mona Quayle, '13),secretary of the club since its organization.The Massachusetts Club has been inter­ested in the matter of losses and acquisitionsin the faculty ranks at the University andin order to have an understanding view ofwhat has been happening so. many milesaway, the club last year appointed a com­mittee to seek certain facts. At this meet­ing the committee reported, showing thelosses, new appointments and promotionsamong the. faculty in the past five years,and also brought to the attention of mem­bers the recent statement of President Bur­ton on this subj ect.Officers elected for the' coming year areas follows:President, Alfred D. Radley, '0'3.Vice-President, Howard Beale, '21.Secretary, Pauline Levi Lehrburger, '17.Treasurer, Herbert L. wm-u, Jr., 'll.Executive Committee: Enid Townley, '21,representing alumnae at Wellesley; Harford·Davidson, '21, representing alumni at Har­vard; Roberts B. Owen, '11., Those present were: President and Mrs.Wallace W. Atwood, Howard Beale. '21;A. G. Clarke, '24; Harford H. Davidson,'21; Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Gray, BrowerHall, '21; John Huling, r-; '17, and Mrs.Huling (Helen Moffett), '21; Rev. and Mrs.E. M. Lake, Mr. and Mrs. Lyman E. Lehr­burger (Pauline Levi), '17; E. A. Linder­holm, . '19; . James M. Nicely, '20; ]. A.Osherman, '21; Anderson. Owen, '21; Rob­erts B. Owen, '11; Margaret T. Parker,Alfred D. Radley, '03; Horatio R. Rogers,'22; Cora L. Scofield, '98; Karl E. Seyforth,'22; Leroy Spencer, ex-'22; Mr. and Mrs.Harlan T. Stetson, Mary R. Thomas, '08;Enid Townley, 21; Herbert L. Willett, Jr.,'11, and Mrs. Willett. Tuscon Alumni Club OrganizedA meeting which resulted in the orgniza­tion of a University of Chicago Club ofTucson. Arizona, was held on May 21 at theGray Goose, where eleven graduates gath­ered for dinner. The gathering was pre­sided over by Dr. Frank H. Fowler, Ph.D.,'96, who was later in the evening electedpresident of the organization. Miss EstelleLutrell, '96, was chosen secretary-treasurer.Though no definite program had been out­lined for the evening, keen enjoyment wasderived from those present through reminis­cences of college days, and discussion ofthe various personages who stand out asinstrumental in effecting' the remarkable de­velopment of the University. PresidentHarper, the first executive of the institution,was lauded for being instrumental in secur­ing so many outstanding educators of thecountry. Emphasis is now being laidchiefly upon graduate work, and an increas­ingly exacting attitude toward undergradu­ates is being taken.It is the plan of the organization effectedto hold a meeting in the fall to which allTucsonans who attended the . University ofChicago, whether or not degree holders, willbe invited, this invitation to be accom­panied by an invitation to joint the organi­zation.Those who attended the organizationgathering, all of whom hold degrees fromChicago. were Professor and Mrs. JamesGreenleaf Brown, Prof. j. W. Clarson, Prof.G. H. Cresse, Mrs. L. J. Curtis, Prof. FrankH. Fowler, Miss Lutrell, Miss Nellie Nes­bitt, Miss Ida Reid and Prof. and Mrs.L. E. Roberts.Des Moines Club Entertains Track TeamOn Saturday evening, April 28th, the DesMoines Alumni Club of University of Chi­cago had a small but successful dinner meet­ing at the Hotel Savery, with Coach TomEck and the Track Team as guests of honor.The attendance was small for the reasonthat during the annual Drake Relays manysocial events are planned and our membersfound themselves in the difficult position ofhaving many things to do upon this date.Former President Daniel W. Morehouse,'03, of our Club, is now President of DrakeUniversity, and five of our members are 011the faculty at Drake. Therefore, as a cour-'tesy to our club and guests, President More­house invited us to join with Drake athleteson this occasion. We were very happy toaccept the invitation.The Chicago group filled two tables in theVenetian Room of the Savery. Mr. "Pat"Page, now of Butler, sat with us, as did Mr.John L. Griffiths, Western Conference Com­missioner of Athletics. These, with CoachEck, were introduced to the assembly. Inhis usual whimsical, humorous manner Mr.Eck gave a delightful account of some ofhis early experiences in athletics. Our team(Continued on page 317)AN ADDRESS ON THE COLLEGE 291+"-IlI1-IIII-IIII-IIII-IIII-IIII-IIII-IUI-IIII-IIII�IIII-IIII-IIII-1I11_1I11 __ IIII_IIII lIn_II"_III1_HII_II1I_IIII_IIII�R"_IIH_IIH_IIH_.R_11I+!, ' It An Address on the College I§ By Dean Nathaniel Butler I! . ,i+,"-IIII-IIII-IIII-IIII-IIII-III1-IIU-IUJ-IIII-IIII-IIII-"II-IIII-IIII-1il1_1111_1111_1111_1111_1111_0'1_1111_1111_1111--:-1111_1111_'111_111'_1111_11+[The following notable address on The College wasdelivered by Dean Butler at the great All-CollegeDinner in Cleveland,· April ] 2, at the time of theAnnual Convention of Alumni and Alumnae Secre­taries. We believe its timely discussion of the collegeas a fundamental part of American education will beread with deep interest by our readers.]A year or two ago there appeared in anissue of the Atlantic Monthly an article en­titled "Is After-dinner Speaking a Disease?"The author had in mind a type of after din­ner speaker who assures the Toastmasterthat he has a few remarks to make, but thathe will not, need one-tenth of the timeallotted to him" and then proceeds to de­velop about an hour and a half speech.The' writer of the article, later on, at acertain: function, sat by the Toastmaster,and he was to be the first speaker. At acertain point the Toastmaster leaned overand said to him, "Shall I introduce younow, or shall we let them enjoy themselvesa little longer?" I think that form of intro­duction of me would have been quite appro­priate and justified, because I come here asa sort of incarnation of disappointment toyou. Dr. Burton (Acting President ErnestDeWitt Burton was to have been thespeaker) I am sure, would have been greatlygratified if he had been here tonight, and hewill be greatly gratified when I carry to himthe news of the movement which the Toast­master has proposed to you for your assent.As has' been explained to you, Dr. Burtonis suffering from one of those maladies weare all liable to when we have spent threeor four days on the wind ward shore of oneof these great lakes. He absolutely lost hisvoice. However, I can say what he couldnot say if he were here. Of course, he wouldfirst present his own greetings, but I cansay what he could not say, that Dr. Burtonhas acceded to the Presidency of the U ni­versity of Chicago amid the utmost enthusi­asm of everyone concerned. He has cometo this position to the satisfaction of thefaculty, the alumni, the students and' thepublic in general, and the most of him thatI can say -to you is that we think as muchof him as you do of your college presidents.That is the greatest thing I could say in thisconnection.I assume the people who are here are col­lege people. I have no doubt many of youare university people. No doubt many ofyou are Masters and Doctors, and havethose degrees, but I am sure you' will agreethat the affectionate recollection tonight doesnot go back to laboratories and seminaries,and to our Doctors' and Masters' degrees.Rather we go back to those uridergradu- Dean Nathaniel Butlerate days which William James has des­cribed as the "days' of generous friendshipsand noble rivalries, and of matching powerwith power, of boon companionship, fellow­ship and association"; to the days when wewere not consciously being made into .spe­cialists and experts, but perhaps uncon­sciously into men and women; Our admira­tion and respect goes to the university, butour love to the college.There are at this moment about eight hun­dred colleges in this country-or so the lastreport available to me says.I once heard of a college examination inAncient History, and a young fellow whoknew nothing about the subject undertook totake the examination. Although he knewnothing about the subject he drew the high­est mark for his answer to the first question:"What can you say about Nero?" He said,"The less said about Nero; the better."That's just the way with a number of thesecolleges. With the exception of all, butabout two hundred and fifty of these col­leges,. the less said, the better.The world knows that the ancestor ofthe American college was Harvard, foundedin 1636. About fifty years later came Yale,in 1686. After about another fifty yearscame Princeton, in 1,746. Then at short in­tervals came Columbia, in 1755; Brown, in292 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEi 764, Dartmouth, in 1769. In 1850 therewasn't a college that had four hundredstudents. Today they are numbered by thethousands and thousands.It is rather interesting to recognize thatthere are four types: First, there is the in­stitution which started as a small collegeand has just become a large college-suchschools as Amherst and Williams and Be­loit. Second, there is the institution thatstarted as a small college and became auniversity, of which Harvard and Yale aregood examples. Third, there is the stateuniversity, which was from the first franklya university comprising a collection ofschools, in most cases with graduate depart­ments. Then there was the institution thatbegan as a university, such as Cornell andHopkins, but who added' undergraduate de­partments for local reasons.The distinction between a college and auniversity was a thing we knew nothingabout in this country until about fifty yearsago, until Johns Hopkins University wasfounded and opened. in Baltimore in 1876.Until then we named our colleges and uni­versities according to universal usage. "Col­gate College" didn't sound as well as "Col­gate University"; "Brown College" didn'tsound as well as "Brown University";"Colby College" didn't sound as well as"Colby University." Now we understandthe term "university" should apply only tospecialized professional graduate schools.In the history of any young man or youngwoman who goes far in education, therecomes a time when the question of mainimportance is: "What is he going to do forhis career?" When he has decided on whathe is going to do-it may be law, divinity,education,' etc., but he has decided what heis going to do-he devotes himself to mas­tering a certain definite knowledge and skillin the use of that knowledge; but before thattime there is a period when the main em­phasis is not upon what he is going to do,not upon specialized effort to make him anexpert, but upon leading him to understandhimself, to understand the world, and hisrelations to others in the world.There occurs to me at this moment aparagraph by Professor Huxley, shortly be­fore his death. He was speaking to theWorkingmen's College in London, and hedescribed in a few sentences the sort ofthing we have in mind in the college asdistinct from the university. As I recall thewords he said:"I think that man has had a liberal edu­cation who has been so trained in youththat his body is the ready servant of hiswill, and' does with ease and pleasure all thework that, as a mechanism, it is capable of;whose intellect is a clear, cold, logic engine,with all its parts of equal strength and insmooth working order; ready, like 'a steamengine, to be turned to any kind of work,and spin the gossamers as. well as forge the anchors of the mind; whose mind is storedwith a knowledge of the great and funda­mental truths of nature and of the laws ofher operations; one who, no stunted ascetic,is full of life and fire, but whose passionsare trained to come to heel by a vigorouswill, the servant of a tender conscience; whohas learned to love all beauty, whether ofnature or of art, to hate all vileness, and torespect others as himself."That is an expression of the college whichunderlies the specialized university. The dis­tinction is not strictly and mutually exclu­sive, but the college has one distinct em­phasis and the university has another. Thecollege as a distinct institution, just now isin the foreground of interest as never before,not only in education itself, but as a leaderin commerce and industry as well. That isthe thing that interests me at the moment inregard to the college.The leaders. of commerce and industryare laying large emphasis upon what thecollege represents, not as a vocational school,but as providing the kind of, training thatis of value in the special departments ofcommerce and industry.I think the question that interests us allis this: "What is the justification of thecollege, and what is likely to be its fate?"In the first place we know perfectly wellthere is no parallel in Europe to the Amer­ican college-no counterpart whatsoever.Germany perhaps presents the best exam­ple of a perfectly organized and articulatedsystem. The boy there who is going forwardto a career, goes three years to an elemen­tary school, from the age of six to nine;then he goes to a secondary school for nineyears, or until he is eighteen. By that time,when he is eighteen or nineteen, he knowsexactly what he is going to do, and he goesat once to the university and there studiesfor his career.There are people in this country whothink that is exactly what is going to happenin this country. Some of them fear it, andsome hope for it, and at first sight it seemsas though there are symptoms indicatingthat we may come to that.For instance, we are all quite familiarwith the fact that the first two years ofthe American college are becoming merelyan upward extension of the high schoolwork There is 110 doubt about that. Theyare still doing secondary school work, and'some of your great high schools here inCleveland, and in every American city, havebuilt up upon the four-year high schoolcourse two more years, and they can sendtheir graduates out absolved from the firsttwo years in college. It is the Junior Col­lege, and it is becoming more and more sofor certain local reasons. So, then, the col­lege appears to be in danger of losing itsfirst two years.On the othet hand the university is lean­'ing down and specializing in two or threeAN ADDRESS ON THE COLLEGEyears of undergraduate work. It is a matterof common knowledge today that everygreat university is providing so that theprospective lawyer, or clergyman may offerthe first year of his professional work inplace of the last year of his undergraduatework. That is dove-tailing the two, and sav­ing one year.It does appear as if people were sayingthe American college is in danger of beingcrushed between the upper millstone of theuniversity and the nether millstone of theextended high school.As a matter of fact, that is only an aca­demic fear. There is absolutely no evidencethat that is going to take place, for in thefirst place the American college is so 'en­trenched in our educational and social sys­tem that it cannot be uprooted. A lot ofpeople feel that the very best place in theworld for a normal, healthy, clean-minded,well-endowed American boy: or girl, whenhe is through with four years of high school,is to go to a good college, where he is nottreated so paternally as at home or in thehigh school, and where he has a chance toexercise some judgment under the personalcontact of the admirable men and womenwho constitute 'our college faculty.In the next place, the expense of addingtwo years to the local high school would betoo great-it would be a great burden for agreat many years. People already pay theirtaxes, and why should they pay additionaltaxes for the freshmen and sophomore years.But even much more than: that is the factthat I referred to a moment ago. The func­tion of the college is now distinctly -recog­nized, not only. by the prophets of educa­tion, but by commerce and industry.The tendency before the war was this:Just before the war I think we were in?anger of being swept off our feet by theidea that education must prove its validityIn terms of salary or wages, that. no schoolcould justify itself except in training a per­Son to do a piece of work and run a machineto do some definite thing, but we have re­acted from that because we have learned,as Professor Coverly, of California, hassaid, that a vocation without an educationis just as bad as an education without avocation.We are not putting the things over against�ach other. Let' me give you' one or twoIllustrations that commerce and industry areattaching great importance to liberal educa­tion, not because it is vocational, but be­cause it underlies and provides the kind oftraining and efficiency commerce and in­dustry demand.I am told that the Tennessee Iron andCoal Company employs about sixteen thou­sand men. Of these sixteen thousand onlythree hundred earn as much as three thou­sand dollars a year. Of that three hundred,two hundred and eighty-seven are collegegraduates, and the declared policy of that 293company is to put in the responsible posi­tions only those who have the college de­gree.Not long ago I received (and I believeevery college officer has received the samething) a communication from the NationalBakeries Company, inviting the universitiesto nominate one man to go into a specialschool which they are opening. For whatpurpose? To train men to be auditors, man­agers, sales promotion and merchandise ex­perts. Those are pretty practical functions,and they say they will -take nobody intotheir school but college graduates. Theysay that they find the college graduates make.. the best material for that sort of thing.Mr. Charles Sabin, who is the presidentof one of the greatest trust companies inthis country, said this: I'A business man, aman who judges things from a businesspoint of view, says that employers are look­ing for the man who not only can think, butwho will think; who can, so to speak,look beyond his nose and understand that afact is of no particular importance merelyas a fact, but that it derives its importancefrom its relation, and who will know whatthose relations are.". It is that ability to view things broadly, tohave understanding as distinguished frommere technical school knowledge, thatcauses men to look forward for the manwho has already had a college training. Ithas been impressed upon me through manyyears of contact with college graduates inbusiness and banking, that the well trainedcollege man grasps intricate situations andreduces them to essentials much morequickly than the equally well trained manwho has not had the advantages of thebroader fundamental education - which thecollege should give. .I have other things here, but I want toread this one paragraph that came out re­cently in the Boston Evening Transcript:"The entrance of college men into busi­ness should be welcome. Men of educationand ideals are needed in the world of busi­ness no less than they are in the so-called'learned professions.' The broader vision,.the wider outlook upon the problems oflife that a college ordinarily gives its grad­uates should enable them to fill with creditthe more responsible' positions .in theworld. Business ideals and ability neednot go hand in hand, but the businessworld will assuredly gain from the greatarmy of college graduates who are choos­ing business as their life work."The point is simply this: That commerceand industry and the busy and active worldare demanding the kind' of training whichthe general liberal college gives, and arebestowing their rewards' upon those whohave that training ..The college is recognized as' doing anotherthing which is of great practical value,namely, turning out the type of men and294 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEwomen who can live with others as goodneighbors and good citizens. To earn one'sliving in a career. is absolutely necessary,but if you had a neighborhood of thousandsof men who knew nothing and cared for noth­ing but the earning of a living, you wouldn'thave a community. You have got to havepeople who have interests in common thatare outside of occupation and vocation;otherwise, you have no community life.The late Professor James, of HarvardUniversity, was giving an address shortlybefore his death in which he emphasizedin a memorable fashion this value-the valueof the education the college gives to theindividual, not in preparing him for hiscareer, but in preparing him as a social andcommunity asset. "The Social Value of theCollege Bred" was the subject of his ad­dress. He said:"I have been giving a good deal ofthought to this question of How is the com­munity justified in spending so much moneyupon colleges? and I have come to this con­clusion" (and his first answer doesn't seemto be any answer at all) "that it is becausea good education enables you to know agood man when you see him" (and when Itell you he was talking to the girls of Bar­nard College it seems like a touch of humor,because any education that enables a girlto known a good mali is vocational, I shouldthink) .But I think his meaning becomes clearwhen he said this: "A good education makesyou incapable of being contented with thesecond best-it makes you always demandthe first best. It makes you know a goodhuman job when you see it, or a good work­man when you see him. In a democracy likeAmerica, one of the most fatal things wouldbe that the people at large lose a sense forthe better, and one of the most vital thingsis that. the people at large should· demandthat our best men and women should leadus, and we will follow them."I think Mr. Baker and others who arefamiliar with the situation will agree that inthe past three or four Presidential electionswe have seen men and women even cuttingloose from party associations and affiliations,and thoughtfully and prayerfully trying tofind out who is the .. best man, and puttinghim forward. I live in the Sixth Ward inChicago. I am a deep-line Republican (be­cause my father. was before me, more thanfor any other reason) but if the Democratscan put up a better man I find no difficultyin voting for him. I believe it is the sameway with you. We are doing that in ourmunicipal and state and national elections.I say at this point that any machinery thatkeeps up the judgment of men and womenwho will do that thing and form an opinionintelligently and hold themselves and othersup to this high standard is good machinery.That is one of the outstanding functionsof the college. It turns out men and women who can think and think clearly withoutbias and who will insist that our best menand women lead us and we shall followthem.In the third place-the third functionwhich the college is doing-it is producingmen arid women who' know how to get forthemselves and others the finest things outof life.I said that to earn a living is, of course,a perfectly legitimate object and any sortof training that bears upon that is legiti­mate, but while earning a living is a goodend, it is not a good end by itself. We mustget out of our minds what our history as a. people has rooted in our minds-that thegreatest thing in the wor1cl is to earn a liv­ing. I t is not! I suppose some one will goaway and say that this man came over andsaid that it was not very important to earna living. I say it is quite an essential thing.Eating is not the chief business of life butit is absolutely essential; but is done for apurpose, and so the ability to earn a livingby itself, if it stops there, is of no use.It isn't intelligible.. because. if I do myday's work to draw another day's pay I amgetting nowhere, but all this working anddrawing pay and accumulating a bank ac­count and getting a position in society, giveus the opportunity to note the real thingsspread between work and drawing pay asstressed in art and courtesy and friendshiparid religion-the things which WilliamJ ames calls "the useless things of life"­useless because you can not turn them intouse. However, they have their own excusefor being.A student said, "How can you justify theuseless things of life?" The answer was,"They are the . only things that make lifeworth living"-and that is perfectly true.I would like to mention aNew Englandcollege president, the late President Hydeof Bowdoin College. I would like to payhonor to him. He put this thing I am speak­ing of now-the value of the college in en­riching the life of the individual-in aparagraph which I think, if I were a collegePresident, I would make every collegesenior learn by heart before he gets hisdiploma, for it is the best answer I know ofto the question, "Why is it worth while tospend a portion of one's life in the pursuitof liberal studies ?"-"To feel at home in all lands and in allnations; to count nature a familiar acquaint­ance and art an intimate friend; to have anappreciation of other people's work and crit­icism for your own; to make friends of hostsof fellow students who will hereafter beleaders in after-life; to lose yourself in gen­erous enthusiasms and cooperations forcommon ends and to form characters underteachers who are Christians." That is whatthe college offers for the best years of one'slife. It is a good answer and a classicalparagraph.AN ADDRESS ON THE COLLEGEI have tried to say that the. college hasthree great functions. It gives the kind oftraining which industry and commerce de­mand and to which they give their rewards;prepares men and women to live the life ofa neighbor and citizen; and gives us thekind of training which enables us to get thebest things out of ourselves for ourselvesand others.Not all college graduates can be describedin that way. The college isn't putting any­thing into a man that wasn't there before itgot hold of him. Some cynic says, "Thecollege doesn't make fools-it only developsthem." It doesn't make able men andwomen, but it merely develops them. Presi­dent Stryker said a memorable thing: "Thecollege turns crude iron into steel in orderthat the professional school of the univer­sity may form that steel into an instrument."Most of the .boys and girls who get intocollege now have their good iron ore andyou can turn them into good steel. Ofcourse, it is perfectly true that at all timesa lot of girls and boys ought not to havebeen there. It does nothing for them or forthe college, but the college is facing an at­tempt to solve that problem by "selectiveadmission." I do not know how many ofyou are familiar with that but it is going onall over the country and I want to read theprinciples of such admission:"I t is proposed in admitting students fromthe high school to the college to base theiracceptance not only upon their high intel­lectual ability but also largely upon positivequalities of character, wide range of inter­ests, capable performance of school activi­ties, industry, faithfulness, straightforward­ness, and clean-mindedness."I t may be difficult to administer that, butwe are going to try to get individuals - whoare of such raw material that they can beshaped into and made a product that will beof value to the communities when theyemerge from college.Of course, the college faces some dangers.There is the danger of getting too manystudents, or trying to. There is the dangerof wishing to become a university. and thedanger inherent in inter-collegiate -contests,but I believe that the college was neverstronger than it is today and never hadbrighter prospects than it has today.With your permission I want to read aparagraph of what President Burton wouldhave said to you: "Why am I saying all ofthese things to you? Because more and morethe destinies of the college are in the handsof their alumni and because I love my coun­try. I hope the alumni of our colleges aregoing to stand for the college, but stand notfor their existence only, not for bignessonly, but for the better college that shallstand for the best in American life, for cul­ture in the best sense of the word, cornpan- 295ionship among students and faculty, forgenuine and honest and broad outlook;knowledge and manhood for all that willmake for sane and sober leadership.. "The, days of easy optimism about ourcountry are gone forever. We know ifAmerica is worthy to fill her place in theworld it is because we take. thought to doand see that she stands for the agencieswhich may' contribute to that result, ofwhich the colleges are by no means theleast."Let us stand by our college and as gradu­ates see to it that our influence counts fora continuance and a development and a bet-terment." -I want to close by quoting from an oldman who was once very prominent in Amer­ican life, who was present at the last Re­publican Convention in Chicago and whowas present at that convention which nom­inated Abraham Lincoln, and who has beenpresent at every Republican Conventionsince-Chauncey Depew.He said: "Who gives money to a hospitalgives it wisely and well; he who givesmoney to an asylum also gives wisely andwell; but he who gives money to the collegegives best, for the money that goes to thehospital goes for repairs; the money whichis spent for the asylum goes where human­ity is in the hands of a receiver' and themoney goes to keep a bankrupt concern go­ing. But the money that goes to the collegeis spent for construction, for a new line, fornew cars and new locomotives. The lineruns into regions where good acres havenever felt the kindly influence of the plow,where the mill may be built, past the spotwhere homes' may be established, wheretowns and cities may spring up. and it car­ries out and distributes right and left themissionaries of God for the enlightenmentof mankind-the salvation of the republic."Attendance for the Spring QuarterOfficial announcement is made of the at­tendance at the University for the SpringQuarter, up to April 14.In the Graduate School of Arts and Lit­erature 448 students are. enrolled, and inthe Ogden Graduate School of Science 427,a total of 875. In the Senior Colleges thereare 1,064 and in the Junior (including theUnclassified) 1,219, a total of 2,283.In the Professional Schools there are 192Divinity students, 206 in the MedicalCourses, 280 Law students, 232 in Educa­tion, 519 in Commerce and Administration,and 41 in Social Service Administration, atotal of 1,470. In University College 1,345students are enrolled.The total for the University, exclusive ofduplications, is 2,988 men and 2,693 women,a grand total of 5,681, of whom 1,-469 aregraduate students and 4,212 undergraduate.296 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEtll-lllr�II"-lI�IIII-lla-IIII-II"-UN-UII-IIII-IIII-IIU-I'11-11"-NI--"U-NII-II"-IIII-I'"-".-II11_IIN_"II_II._N,,_ •• _11--HII-IT;: It The Roger of Waltham Manuscript I:; John M. Manly, Professor of English II Ii= I+1-Ht:-nn-NH_III_HU_IIII_MII_IIII_IlII_IIII_IIII_IIII_IIII_UII __ IUI_MU_""-IIII-"II-IIII-IIII_IUI_IIII_UII_IIII_IIII_IIII_lm_IIII_II+Compendium Morale) by Roger of Waltham,This volume, the latest of our recent manu­script acquisitions from the Alumni, turnsout to' be of even greater interest and impor­tance than we had supposed, We knew that,in addition to' the fourteenth century MS. ofthe Compendium the volume contained afifteenth century MS. of the Constitutiones(1466) of George archbishop o f York andthose of his predecessor, Cardinal John of St.Balbinar, and that these had been printed onlyfrom a Cottonian MS. which had been partlyburned in the great fire of 17.31. We alsoknew that Sir j ohn Fortescue mentioned theCompendium as one of the principal sourcesused by him in cornpo sing his famous Govern­ance of England) but we -did nat know theextent of his indebtedness to' the Compendiumor the great interest and value of the Com­pendium itself.The Compendium. is nat a mere collection ofanecdotes and moral ex empla, but a well-or­ganized and elaborate treatise on the qualitiesand duties of kings, prelates, and other rulersof men.In our awn time we "have witnessed thepublication of hundreds of books and the es­tablishment of magazines devoted to the prin­ciples and methods that will ensure success inbusiness. These books and magazines make agreat parade of scientific terminology, drawnlargely from modern psychology, and seem tomany of us a striking example af our superi­arity to' our ancestors in scientific thorough­ness. But there is no essential novelty inthese modern treatises. The founders of thisrepublic and an aur elder statesmen set a. high value an experience as a guide to' act ianand regarded biography as a principal sourceof the wisdom of life. Mediaeval treatises onthe duties and virtues of rulers are' merelysystematic collections of similar materials.The classification is formal and usually basedup an same mediaeval modification of Aris­totle's scheme af the moral and political vir­tues, but in aim and in effect the treatisesare practical guides to' the "big business" ofthat "time.Our present civilization is dominantly com­mercial and industrial; that. of the MiddleAges was predaminantly-so far, at least, asthe educated classes were cancerned-gavern­mental and administrative. Theoretical di�cussions of the origins of government and thebest forms of it were nat" entirely neglectedbut a keener interest was felt by every ruler;whether secular or ecclesiastical, whether greator small, in practical administrative questions�"What in the long run are' the best policiesfar a ruler in his relations to his equals and his subordinates?" "What critical situationsare likely to develop in any line of action, andhaw are they to' be met successfully?" Thefamous renaissance treatises on this subject,The Prince) of Niccolo Machiavelli, which hasgiven us two bye-words-"Old Nick" and"Machiavellian"-but still remains in effect theguide af modern statesmen, belongs to' thisseries of treatises and differs from itsmediaeval predecessors mainly in substitutinga somewhat cynical Italian realism far theearlier romantic idealism. But no student ofthe practical politics of the Middle Ages, ofthe motives and methods of the rulers greatand small, can afford to' neglect the volumeswhich largely formed the ideals and regulatedthe policies of those r.ulers.TO' this class of . works belongs the C om­pendium of Roger, arid it is one of th-e mostvoluminous and elaborate of its class. Nodoubt much af its learning-one of its in­dexes gives the names af one hundred andthirty-five authors cited-is secondhand, de­rived from preceding treatises on similar sub­jects or from ather mediaeval compilations,but being himself, like Fortescue, a man .ofaffairs and of official experience, Roger citesmany examples from English and Frenchhistory, some of them, fram his paint ofview; extremely modern. He also quotesmediaeval Latin poetry and at least once aFrench proverbial saying.Among the Latin poems are a long and veryearly version of the Vado M ori- (the sourceof the world famous Dance of Death) and atypical debate between the Heart and the Eyeconcerning responsibility far sin; there is alsoan amusing Latin couplet which may recallto some readers Aristaphanes and the Yale,yell :"Linguo quax ranis, eras corius, vanaque vanis :Ad logicarn per go, que rnor tis rion timet erga."Although several MSS of the Compendiumare known, it has never been published-nodoubt because of its very great length. Itis five or six times as lang as Fortescue'sGovernance and longer, I think, than any atherof the mediaeval treatises on the .sarne subj ect :including the De Regimine Principwm of St.Thomas Aquinas, that of Aegidius Romanus,the De Morali Principis Institutione of Vin­cent of Beauvais, all of which were also usedby Fortescue.Among the authorities mast frequentlyquoted by Rager are: Seneca, bath theTragedies and the prose works ; Vegetius, DeRe Militari, and the pseudo-AristotelianAuctoritates Aristoteles. Far the establish­ment of the critical text" of all these, and per-(Continued on page 298)CHANGES IN BAPTIST RESTRICTIONS ON UNIVERSITY 297+U-IM- •• - .... -M.-a.- •• -a.-uH-IIH-H�-IIN-IIH-II.-II"-Ha-ua.-aU-IIU-IIR-IIM-llu- •• -al-III-UN-UII-UM-.I-N.-U.-+I Changes in Baptist Restrictions on University II . .:i Actin.g President Ernest DeWitt Burton !• I+."-'I1- .. -i.- .. -MII-H�.a-.II-.U-.U-IIII-HII-.U-H.-H"-'II-."-UII_IIU_OII_ •• _ •• _III_ •• _IIII_IIJI_I"_W._""_I1",For some years there has been a: feelingin University circles that it would be de­sirable to increase the number of membersof the Board of Trustees who might bechosen from outside the Baptist Denomina­tion in order to enable the Board to availitself of the services of men of influenceand ability in the city of Chicago who werenot members of Baptist churches. There hasalso been a growing feeling that it wouldbe eminently desirable for the Universityto be in a position to elect its president,whenever the office of president was vacant,without restriction to any denomination 01group. The facts respecting the establish­ment of the University made it suitable, andindeed necessary, however, that the con­sent to the changes in the Articles of In­corporation ·which would make these thingspossible' be obtained from the Board ofEducation of the Northern Baptist Con­vention. These facts are briefly as follows:The American Baptist Education Soci­ety, which was incorporated in 1889 underthe laws of the State of New Y or k, and in1920, by act of the Legislature of New York,changed its name to "The Board of Educa­tion of the Northern Baptist Convention,"is historically the founder of the University.In 1889-90 this organization raised the sumof one million dollars to "found a wellequipped college in the city of Chicago."Having done so it prepared Articles of In­corporation for the University, in which itwas provided that the President of the Uni­versity and two-thirds of the Trustees shouldbe members of regular Baptist churches, andin deeding to tl---� University land purchasedin part from the million dollars above namedincluded in the deed a provision that if thedenominational limitation with respect to thepresident and trustees should at any timebe violated the title to the land so deededshould revert to the American Baptist Edu­cation Society or its successor. The landso deeded constitutes three-quarters o-f thepresent. main quadrangle.As the outcome of friendly negotiationsbetween the two corporations, extending oversome years, at its meeting. at Denver in1919, The American Baptist Education So­ciety (which in 1920 took its new name asabove stated) responded affirmatively to arequest of the University of Chicago thatthe Society should 'appoint a committee toconfer with a committee of the Universitywith reference to the relation of the twocorporations.The two Committees' so appointed havemet annually since 1919, but until the pres­ent year have made no recommendation. In April of the present year, however, the twoCommittees, vacancies in them having beenduly filled, met in Cleveland and agreed uponcertain recommendations which. the Com­mittee of the Board of Education. was will­ing to make to the Board itself at its meet­ing to be held in Atlantic City May 26th.The University Committee thereupon pre­pared a printed statement covering the wholehistorv of the relation between the Univer­sity a11d the Board of Education, the changeswhich the University desired to make in itsArticles of Incorporation and the deed to theland above referred to, and appended to thisstatement all the important historical docu­ments in the case. A second meeting of thetwo committees was held in New York,May 8, and a third meeting in Atlantic City,April 21, and the pamphlet above referred to,28 pages in length, was presented to theBoard of Education at its recent meeting inA tlantic City,. May 26th, accompanied. by thereport of the Committee of the Board ofEducation recommending the granting ofthe request of the University.The essential portion of this report wasthe recommendation that the following reso­lutions be adopted:RESOLVED, That the Board of Educa­tion of the Northern Baptist Convention, inannual meeting duly assembled, approvesand concurs in granting in the manner here­inafter set forth the requests of the U niver­sity of Chicago, and that the Board of Man­agers and respective Officers of the Board ofEducation are instructed and empoweredduly to execute, acknowledge and deliver asthe acts of this Board of Education of theNorthern Baptist Convention proper instru­ments containing the following:1. Formal approval of the revision of Ar­ticle III, of the Articles of Incorporation ofthe University of Chicago so as to increasethe number of trustees from twenty-one totwenty-five.2. Formal approval of the substitution ofthe following, viz:At all times three-fifths of the trustees shall bemembers of Baptist Churches.for· the fon-+h paragraph of Article III, ofsaid Articles of Incorporation, which nowreads:At all times two-third of the trustees, and alsothe president of the university and of its saidcollege, shall be members of regular Baptist Churches-·that is to say, members of Churches of that dcnorni­nation of Protestant Christians now usually knownand recognized under the name of the regular Baptistdenomination; and, as contributions .of money andproperty have been and are being solicited. and havebeen and are being made.. upon the·. conditions lastnamed, this charter shall not be amended or changed298 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEat any time hereafter so as to abrogate or modifythe qualifications of two-thirds of the trustes andthe president above mentioned, but in this particularthis charter shall be forever unalterable.3. A deed to the University of Chicago,to all the property conveyed in the year1891 to the University of Chicago by thisCorporation under its prior name of theAmerican Baotist Education Society. whichdeed shall be identical with that which wasexecuted under date of August 24, 1891, ex­cept that the fourth paragraph, being thehabendum clause of said prior deed, shallbe amended and the fourth paragraph ofthe new deed shall read as follows:To have arid to hold the same unto the said partyof the second part, for its own use, forever, uponthe express condition, however, that the said prem­ises shall, for the period or term of one hundred (100)years from the date hereof, be used exclusively bythe said party of the second 'part for educationalpurposes, as the site of a college or university, andupon the further express condition that the said partyof . the second part shall at no time alienate or mort­gage the said premises for any debt or other purposewithout the consent of the said party of the first part,and upon the further express condition that the re­quirement as set forth in the Articles of Incorporationof the said party of the second part, as amended withthe consent of the party of the first part in the year1923, to wit: that three-fifths of the trustees of thesaid party of the second part shall be members ofBaptist Churches, shall be at all times complied with,and in the event of the breach of any of these con­ditions, the title to the said premises shall revert tothe said party of the first part or its successor.As a result of these changes, which willgo into effect as soon as the proper paperscan be drawn and signed, the Universitywill be authorized to increase the numberof its non-Baptist Trustees from 7 to 10,at the same time adding one to the num­ber. of its Baptist" Trustees, and to elect asits president, whenever a vacancy occurs,the man deemed by the Board of Trusteesmost fitted for the position without restric­tion upon their choice.. It is interesting to be able to add thatthere was no considerable opposition in themeeting of the Board of Education to thegranting of the University's request. Anamendment to this report proposing to re­lease the University from all obligation inrespect to the number of its Trustees toauthorize it to make any changes in itsArticles of Incorporation that it deemeddesirable, was decisively defeated.' Preciselywhat motives actuated those who votedagainst the amendment it is of course im­possible to state, but it is certain that manyof them voted as they did because they de­sired' to maintain friendly and recognizedrelations between the University and thedenomination, and were opposed to anyaction which could be interpreted as a re­pudiation of the University by the denomi­nation. The equally decisive vote in favorof the report of the Committee was un­doubtedly due to the widely cherished' de­sire, while retaining friendly and officialrelations to the University, not to imposeupon it any restrictions tending to embar­rass the University or hamper it in its edu­cational work. It should be added that the Board of Edu­cation of the Northern Baptist Conventionis in fact not a Board in the usual sense,but as its original name indicates, a So­ciety. Its membership. which consists ofdelegates from Baptist' churches and offi­cials of Baptist organizations, is identicalwith that of the' Northern Baptist Conven­tion itself, and usually numbers about. 2,500.There were possibly one-half that numberpresent in the meeting at which the votewas taken.The Roger of Waltham Manuscript(Continued from page 296)haps other works quoted, our MS may be ofconsiderable value-as Professor Beeson hasfound Roger Bacon's Opus Majus to be valu­able for the text of Seneca.The MS, itself, while not a notable workof art like some mediaeval MSS, is never­theless a fine piece of work. It is a folio,10�x8 inches, written on vellum, in 222 folios( 444 pages), decorated with thirteen largeornamental initials, in gold, red, blue, andgreen, at the beginnings of the chapters, orrubricas, and numerous small initials in blue,rubricated. The margins are full of notes inred and black, some by the original hand,others much later. Previous owners of theMS were the Earl of Ashburnham, Sir Wil­liam Betham (not Belham, as Mr. Voynichthought). As Sir William Betham was deputyfor Admiral Chichestro Fortescue, a directdescendant of Sir John's, it seems possible thatSir William may have obtained this manu­script from the Admiral and that it may havedescended to the Admiral from his AncestorSir John. The catalogue of the royal manu­scripts of the British Museum seems to indi­cate that one of the copies of the Compendiumin that collection was the one used, by SirJohn Fortescue, but I do not know whetherthe evidence is any better .than that in .favcrof this manuscript.At any rate our manuscript is an extremelyinteresting and valuable one and will throwgreat light upon mediaeval statecraft and itspolicies and methods, as well as upon certainliterary problems. And our manuscript iscomplete, containing thirteen chapters, orrubricae (one of which is sometimes lacking)and three elaborate indexes (one or more ofwhich are lacking in some copies).Memorial Meeting for Professor BarnardOn Thursday. May 31, 8 :30 p. m., at theQuadrangle Club. a memorial meeting inmemory of Dr. Edward Emerson Barnard,Professor of Practical Astronomy at theYerkes Observatory, who died February. 6,1923, was held under the auspices of the, So­ciety of the Sigma XI. Professor EdwinBrant Frost, of the Observatory, sPQ1):e on"The Work of Professor Barnard," and Pro­fessor Forest Ray Moulton spoke on "Re­cent Advances in .Astronorny,"THE LETTER BOX 299r-"'�'""··"'"""""·OO""W'�UI;�:'��::.:;.IU;::W."-." .... �.'��"""""'1� � � ��,II"IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII1II1111111111111111UIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII1IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHlIIIIIIIIIIIIIIUlUIIIUIIIIIHIllli'i,Some Reunion Telegrams fromAlumni ClubsFrom Connecticut ClubThe University of Chicago Club of Con­necticut sends greetings to President Burtonand the University of Chicago.Florence A. McCormick, Secretary.From Colorado ClubChicago men and women, at regularluncheon assembled in Denver, greet allAlumni and again pledge their loyalty to theUniversity. .Frederick Sass, President.From CincinnatiExtend cordial greetings to all Chicagofriends at Reunion. Regret we must cele­brate in Cincinnati.Anna L. Peterson, Class of Ninety-nine.From Iowa City ClubWe regret that we can not be with youon. Alumni Day, but we send hearty con­gratulations on the success of our AlmaMater in the past and best wishes for aneven more brilliant future under the leader­ship of President Burton. The Iowa CityUniversity of Chicago Club pledges you itsloyal support.B. L. Ullman, President.Olive Kay Martin, Secretary.From Southern California ClubAlumni of Southern California, two hun­dred and eighty strong, send greetings. Wegather Saturday pledging loyalty to AlmaMater. We have invested our lives in effortto pass on inspiration and knowledge shegave us to others in this southland meeting­place of races and cradle of coming standardciviliza tion.Dan Ferguson" President,May' Heap, Vice President,Eva Jessup, Secretary,John Vruwink, Treasurer.From Portland ClubYour fellow alumni of Portland and vicin­ity send hearty greetings on Alumni Day.Would be there if possible despite .havinglearned from Portland residence what apunishment your climate really is. We con­gratulate the University and Alumni onDoctor Burton's accepting Acting Presi­dency, and extend,. best, wishes for notablesuccessful administration.Virgil A. Crum, President,Frank L. Griffin, Secretary. From Massachusetts ClubThe Massachusetts Alumni and Alumnaesend cordial greetings and good wishes toPresident Burton and all at the Reunion.Herbert L. Willett, J r., President.From Cleveland ClubCleveland Club, celebrating at home of,Willard P. and Harriet Tuthill Dickerson,sends greetings. We hope that the Reunion'will be the happy and inspiring occasion thatit should be with our new President and somany forward-looking plans under way. Wehave truly never felt so loyal and so proudof Chicago as now.Nell C. Henry, Secretary.From Cincinnati ClubThe University of Chicago Club of Cincin­nati, assembled on Alumni Day, send bestwishes to President Burton and the Alumnigathered on the Quadrangles.E. L. Talbert, President.From New York Alumni and Alumnae ClubsThose of us who are in or near New Yorksend greetings. We have recently had thepleasure of seeing and hearing the two men(Acting President Burton and Harold H.Swift, President of the Board of Trustees)upon whom rests a great responsibility, andwe are confident that under their guidancethe future of our University is assured.Especially at this Reunion time we are proudto call her Alma Mater.Helene Pollak Gans,Secretary, Alumnae Club.Lawrence MacGregor,Secretary, Alumni Club.From Kansas City ClubThe University of Chicago Club of Kan­sas City sends greetings to the Alumni, Fac­ulty and students of the University on Al­umni Day.Florence Bradley, Secretary.From St. Louis ClubTo Acting President Burton: The Univer-'sity of Chicago Club of St. Louis extendsto you its heartiest congratulations and bestwishes on this your first Alumni Day.Bernard C. McDonald, President.From Sioux City ClubToday we again pledge our loyalty to theCity Gray and that for which she stands.Dan H. Brown, Secretary.300 THE. UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENE"WS OF THEQUADRANGLESThe Annual SingAn exceptionally full program has occu­pied the undergraduate body during the lastthree weeks of the quarter. Class andAlumni day programs, election of officersand boards for next year's organizations,and graduation are some of the principal fea­tures. The alumni homecoming and Inter­fraternity Sing capped the final school weekbefore examinations. Over two thousandalumni attended the homecoming, a largernumber than ever before.The annual Interclass Hop, the Universityspring formal, was held in Bartlett Gymna­sium June 2; over 250 couples attended. Wil­liam Gleason and Anna Gwen Pickens werethe leaders for the senior class; WilfredCombs and Dorothy McKinlay for thejunior class; Leslie River and Martha Smartfor the sophomores, and Robert Carr andAimee Graham for the freshman class.Student ·ElectionsElections for campus publications werealso held during the last week of May. Rus­sel Pierce and Howard Landau will be thenew heads of the Daily Maroon, filling thepositions of Editor and Business Managerrespectively. Leslie River and KennethLaird were elected News Editors, the Juniorofficers on the editorial staff, for the comingyear. Charles Windett and Theodore Weberare the new Circulation and AdvertisingManagers. Madalyn O'Shea was chosenWoman's Editor, and Clifton Utley SportingEditor.Robert Jenkins, who took the female leadin Blackfriars, was selected editor or ThePhoenix, the campus monthly humorousmagazine. Don Plant was elected Manag­ing Editor and Irene Henauer Art Editor.Will Sauerhering is the new Business Man­ager, and the offices of Advertising and Cir­culation manager will not be filled until afterthe publication of the first issue next fall.The Circle, a new monthly about the cam­pus this year concerning literary subjectsand published by The Daily Maroon Com­pany, elected Robert Pollak its new editor.John Van Zant and j'ack Oppenheim areassistant editors, while Landau of the Ma­roon is business manager.The Cap and Gown, the annual Publica­tion of the University, elected its officers June 4. Donald Lockett is Managing Editor,and Donald Irwin Business Manager. Theo­dore Bloomberg, Howard Amick and. Wil­liam Byers are the Managing Editors. Rob­ert Koerber is the Assistant BusinessManager.The BlackfriarsAfter the last production of "The Filmingof Friars," this year's Blackfriars show, theorder elected 87 new men who had workedon the show in the chorus or cast, on build­ing scenery, or behind the stage, to member­ship. The new Board of Superiors electedfor the 1924 production includes: BesterPrice, Abbot; John M. Coulter, Prior; Rus­sell Pierce, Scribe; Gale Kahnweiler, Hos­pitaller, and Charles Dwinnell, Praecentor.Donald Lockett was elected Manager for1924. The call for manuscripts was pub­lished by the new Board of Superiors andmany have already been submitted for nextyear. Scenarios were accepted up to theend of school when the contest closed, andthe judges will select three or four fromthe entries for final decision.Changes in U ndergraduate CouncilThe Undergraduate Council, the represen­tative organization of the student body, hasarranged a change of personnel and methodof representation which will go into effectnext quarter. Heretofore the entire schoolhas been represented, the Senior. class withfour delegates, the Junior class with three,the Sophomore with two and the Freshmenclass with one. Besides these the presidentof each class was an ex-officio member. Un­der the new plan, the Senior and Juniorclasses will receive their usual representa­tion, but the Junior colleges have lost dele­gates.· In their places are one member whorepresents the publications of the U niver­sity, one who represents the Y. M. C. A.,and another the Y. W. C. A. The Inter­fraternity Council will have a delegate, andprobably the Reynolds Club. As before, allclass presidents 'will be ex-officio members.This reorganization was effected after aclose study of undergraduate representativebodies in other Universities of the country.The president for next year, Russell Pettit,also made a special trip to a conventionheld by univer-sities for the purpose of com­paring methods of undergraduate represen­tation. And thus-plus studies and exami­nations-ends- a very busy year.C. Victor Wisher, '26.ATHLETICS 30'1BaseballIMaroon ball men managed to eke out afinal win to wind up a rather unsuccessfulconference baseball season when they' beatthe Indiana nine by a 5-4 score in a game,which almost set a new conference recordfor the number of misplays in nine innings.The game was witnessed by a record crowdof students and alumni, the latter being in'Chicago to attend the alumni reunion. Al­though the game was a sloppy exhibition ofdiamond work throughout, the pitching,which was' done by Roy Arnt for theMaroons, was of a much higher class than.the score would indicate. Arnt had most ofthe Hoosier men eating out of his hand andthe runs scored against him were mostly theresult of blunders by his. teammates. Hehas two more years to serve on the Varsityand promises to develop into one of the mosteffective pitchers in the conference.Following the close of the baseball year,which ended with the Indiana game, theMaroon nine picked Edwin Forkel as theircaptain for 1924. Forkel, who has. been amember of the Varsity for two years, willbe a senior next fall.Athletics ElectionsTogether with the baseball election, thetrack team chose Clarence ("Jake") Brick­man to lead them during next season. Brick­man has attracted considerable attentionthrough his work in both the high and lowhurdles this year, having copped both eventsin most of the dual meets in which he hasparticipated. He will be a senior next season.Two of the Varsity teams will be led byjuniors next season. They are the Golf team,which is to be headed by "Solly" Miller, andthe tennis squad, which has chosen EdwardWilson, last year's phenomenal freshman.who has been making an excellent recordin Varsity play this season, as their leader.Miller succeeds Captain George Hartmanwho was graduated at the June Convocation.The loss of Hartman will be a serious blowto the team, which has been grouped aroundhis leadership for three years. Miller, Cap­tain-elect, has played second man on thisyear's team.Conference Tennis ChampionsThe work of Ed Wilson, who, togetherwith "Lonny" Stagg won the. conferencedoubles championship in tennis, has beenthe sensation of Big Ten tennis circles this season. In the championship singles play,he was beaten by Merkle of Michigan aftersuccessfully negotiating the early rounds ofthe tourney. With Merkle out of the Waythrough graduation, tennis dopsters arepicking Wilson as the future conferencechamp.Wilson and Frankenstein will representthe University at the National Collegiatetennis matches at Haversford this month.Indications are that they will put in a strongbid for national honors.Track and Fie'ldMaroon trackmen fared rather unsuccess­fully at the Big Ten track meet at Ann Ar­bor recently. Krogh, conference championin the mile run, was pocketed by' two of hisrivals and found it impossible to extricatehimself when the time came for the finalsprint. Brickman, who was expected to starin the hurdles, made the fastest time of hiscareer and won the race by yards, but wasdisqualified for knocking over three hurdles.Revision of the basketball schedule, whichwas effected by the coaches attending theBig Ten track meet at Ann Arbor, gives theMaroons a lortger card, including two morepractice games at the start of the season.Since one of the main difficulties of the lo­cals has' been in getting under way beforethe important games arrive, the addition ofmore games is regarded as aiding local pen­nant aspirations for next year.Football PreliminariesOver fifty men have signed. up in theVarsity room for football this autumn. Thelarge field is increasing in numbers daily.Practically all of the members of this year'ssophomore and junior class on the squad lastfall have signed up, in addition to whom thestars of the yearling team of last season areall planning to come out in large numbers.Spring practice, which closed recently, gavethe rudiments of footbaH to a number ofmen who had never played before. They,too, will be out in force this autumn.Varsity gridmen, will open their season onSeptember 29, before .the opening of the Uni­versity, instead of on October 5 as had beenplanned. The adoption of the eight gameseason by the conference coaches caused thehooking of the early game, which will bewith the Michigan Agricultural College.C. M. Utley, '25.302 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEProposed Memorial for Dean Rollin D.SalisburyThe Senate and Board of Trustees haverecommended the establishment of a me­morial at the Universitv to the late DeanRollin D. Salisbury, of the Ogden GraduateSchool of Science, who was also head of theDepartment of Geology at the time of hisdeath last August. The committee appointedto .decide upon an appropriate memorial in­cludes Mr. T. E.. Donnelley, of the Boardof Trustees, as chairman; Professor HarlanH. Barrows, Head of the Department ofGeography, vice-chairman; and ProfessorEdson S. Bastin, who is Chairman of theDepartment of Geology. Dean Salisbury,who was connected with the University fromits founding in 1892, was regarded as a great_ teacher and a strong administrator.New Facilities for the Department ofPhysiologyTo enlarge the facilities for increased re·­search the Department of Physiology at theUniversity has taken over the east room inthe basement of Snell Ball near the Physiol­ogy Building, and the room is now beingused for the investigation of epilepsy.Another much-needed improvement is theenlargement of the· Physiology greenhousein Hull Court to provide additional roomfor research now in progress. Additionalspace is also required for keeping animalsof various kinds for experimental purposes.The cost of improving' working conditionsin the Physiology Building has been about$8,000.The chairman of the Department is Pro­fessor Anton J. Carlson, who is president ofthe American Physiological Society andrepresentative of the society in the NationalResearch Council.New Appointments to the FacultiesImportant appointments to the facultiesof the University have been announced bythe Board of Trustees, as follows:Chauncey S. Boucher, now of the Univer­sity of Wisconsin, to' be Professor of His­tory; Quincy Wright, now of the Universjtyof Minnesota, to be .Professor of PoliticalScience; and Robert E. Park, now Profes­sorial Lecturer in Sociology at the Univer­sity of Chicago, to be Professor of Sociology.Dr. Andrew C. Ivy, who received hisBachelor's, Master's, and 'Doctor's degreesat the University and is now connected withLoyola University, has been appointed As­sociate Professor of Physiology; Ernest P.Lane, of the University of Wisconsin, As­sistant Professor of Mathematics; Rodney L. Mott, of the University of Minnesota,Instructor in Political Science; and HildaLaura N orrnan, Instructor in Romance Lan­guages and Literatures.An Honor from England for ProfessorBenjamin TerryAs a recognition of high attainments inhistorical scholarship Professor BenjaminTerry, of the Department of History, hasrecently been elected a Fellow by the coun­cil of the Royal Historical Society of Eng­land. Professor Terry's special field of,research has been in English history, and heis the author of a History of England fromthe Earliest Times to the Death of Victoria,and of A History of England for Schools.Professor Terry, who received his Doc­tor's degree from the University of Freiburgand "the honorary degree of Doctor of Lawsfrom Colgate University, has been Professorof English History in the University sinceits founding in i892.Academic Honors from the University ofViennaThe University of Vienna has recently be­stowed the Decoration of Honor upon Mr.Harold H. Swift, '07, of Chicago, in orderto express its gratitude for assistance re­ceived by its members during a number ofyears from the University of Chicago. Itseemed especially appropriate that thePresident of the Board of Trustees, as rep­resentative of the University, should be the"recipient of this honor.On the same occasion a gold medal wasconferred upon Dr. Adolf C. N oe, '0'1, Ph.D.'05, Assistant Professor of Paleobotany inthe University, for his efforts to secure fundsfor the rehabilitation of Austrian universitiesand other institutions of learning.Notable Success of the Poetry Club of theUniversityIn the recent series of open meetings heldon the North Side of Chicago the PoetryClub of the University of Chicago demon­strated its ability to interest the generalpublic in verse and incidentally illustratedthe stimulating results of self-criticism andthe admission of graduates into the organi­zation as active members.Nine volumes have been published hymembers of the club in the last two yearsand include The Bitterns, by Glenway Wes­cott; The Immobile Wind and The Magpie'sShadow, by Ivor Winters; Hidden Waters,by Bernard Raymund; Under the Tree, byElizabeth Madox Roberts; Indians in theWoods, by Janet Lewis; The Keen Edqe. byUNIVERSITY NOTESMaurine Smith; Fringe, by Pearl Andelson;and A Prayer Rug, by Jessica Nelson North.Later in the year the club hopes to bringout a book of student verse including thework of its members since 1918.The president of the Poetry Club is Ber­tha Ten Eyck James, who recently won theFiske Poetry Prize for the second time withher group of lyrics en titled "JapanesePrints."The Ricketts Prize for ResearchThe University announced the award ofthe Ricketts Prize for research in Pathology,. Hygiene, and Bacteriology for 1923 as di­vided between Lauretta Bender and RobbSpalding Spray. Miss Bender receives a firstprize of $300 for "Hematological Studies inExperimental Tuberculosis of the GuineaPig," and Mr. Spray a second prize of· $50for "A Bacteriological Study of Pneumoniasof Sheep." It is the custom of the U niver­sity to announce the award of the RickettsPrize on the anniversary of the death ofProfessor Howard Taylor Ricketts, whodied of typhus fever in the City of Mexico,May 3, 1910, in the midst of investigationsof that disease, which led to the determina­tion of its cause and cure. In recognition ofthe service rendered by Dr. Ricketts to theprotection of mankind against typhus, hisname with that of a young Serbian namedProwazek, who also lost his life in studyingthe disease, has been given by medicalscience to the germ of typhus. Dr. Rickett'sis commemorated at the University of Chi­cago, where he taught, by the two Iabora­tories of Pathology and Bacteriology-Rick­etts Laboratory, and the newly compleledRicketts Laboratory South. .Over Six Hundred Degrees ConferredAt the One 1-1 undred Twenty-ninth Con­vocation of the University, June 12, six- hun­dred and fifty degrees were conferred, asfollows:In the Colleges of Arts, Literature, andSci e n c e three hundred and thirty-fourBachelor's degrees were conferred by theUniversity; in the School of Commerce andAdministration forty-nine; in the School ofSocial Service Administration nine; and inthe College of Education forty-a total of432.In the Divinity School there were four­teen candidates for the Master's degree, fivefor the Bachelor's, and five for the Doctor's-a" total of 24. In the Law School tenstudents received the degree of Bachelor ofLaws and forty-three that of Doctor ofLaw O.D.)-a total of 53. In the Gradu­ate Schools of Arts, Literature and Sciencethere were ninety-seven candidates for. theMaster's degree and forty-four for that ofDoctor· of Philosophy-a total of 141.Among the graduates were an Egyptian,a Greek, two Japanese, three Chinese andsix Filipinos. 303Award of Fiske Poetry PrizeThe Committee of Award for the JohnBillings Fiske. Prize in Poetry at the U ni­ver sity, consisting of Robert Frost, the poet,author of North of Boston and 11.1 ountain In­terval, Llewellyn Jones, literary editor of theChicago Evening Post, and John MatthewsManly, Head of the Department of Englishin the University, have unanimously awardedthe prize for the present year to Bertha TenEyck James, a junior in the University, forher group of lyrics entitled "JapanesePrints." This is the second successive yearthat Miss James has won the prize.Miss James is a daughter of ProfessorGeorge F. James, formerly dean of the col­lege of education at the University of Min­nesota, and a niece of Dr. Edmund J. James,former president of the University of Illinois.This is the fourth annual competition forthe prize, which was established by HoraceSpencer Fiske in memory of his father, anhonor graduate of Union College, New York.Dr. Burton's Address(Continued from page 286)proud of it, intensely proud of it; proud ofits achievements and proud of its ideals notyet fully achieved. With thirty years be­hind us we face another thirty years in theconfident expectation that as the University.becomes. more and more the. property andpride of the Alumni, they will make it notof necessity bigger, that is relatively unim­portant, but greater, better, the home of re­search and learning by which the world willbe enriched, the breeder of men and womenof character and culture, of vision, and ofpower."That such an inclusive program as Ihave sketched is dependent for its realiza­tion on large gifts to the University is self­evident. But we feel that the use whichthe University has made of past gifts, andthe almost immeasurable benefits which haveresulted from them in the fields of researchand education, ought to lead to equally largegifts in the future. Lack of funds alone cancheck our forward march."In the future the Alumni ought to have­I believe they will have-a constantly largerinterest in the University and influence uponits development. They are already a largearmy of men and women. They will con-"stantly increase in numbers, wealth, andprestige. Individual Alumni have alreadyg iven : to the University large gifts-prizes,portraits, scholarships, lectureships, andprofessorships. The University greatly ap­preciates these gifts and looks to a time inthe near future when they will be manytimes multiplied and the Alumni will bear aleading part in providing the resources forthe development of the University."Y ou, as representatives of the wholebody of the Alumni, to whom the Universitywill increasingly look for support, and whowill be increasingly influential in its affairs,in the name of your Alma Mater, I salute.".304 THE UNIVEliSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINESchool of EducationTHE ILLINOIS SCHOOL FINANCE STUDYHenry C. MorrisonReference has several times been madein the University of Chicago Magazine tothe Educational Finance Inquiry which isbeing' carried on from headquarters in NewYork City by a board constituted for thatpurpose, under the auspices of the AmericanCouncil on 'Education, and supported bysubventions made by four of the largerfoundations. Of that board the writer ofthis article is a member. T'he work of theInquiry is approaching completion-com­pletion at least of its first stage. Investi­gation has been directed in the main to thepublic-school finances of the State of NewYork. There have been made other studieson' a less elaborate scale in the states ofLllinois, Iowa. and California, together witha summary study of the United States as awhole. and a study in the large of the costof higher education. The Illinois study hasbeen made from headquarters in the Schoolof Education in the University of Chicago.The chief task of the Educational FinanceInquiry has been one of fact finding and ofsetting the facts in right proportions. Wehave long had school reports in great abun­dance, some of them excellent, in character;hut such reports rarely go beyond the com­pilation of tables of raw statistics. Schoolaccounting is in its infancy and financialrecords are more often than not very primi­tive in character. Executives adequatelytrained in this field are few, and the use ofordinary commercial 'accountants in schoolfinances leaves much to be desired. Therehas never yet been put together a studywhich exhibits on a large scale an analysis'of costs on the basis of which their trendcan properly be understood, together witha consideration of the possible sources andlimitations of revenue, and the effect of taxa­tion for school enterprises upon the well­being of the community.There exists very little literature on thebasis of which an intelligent public opinionin regard to the financing of our huge edu­cational undertaking can be built up. Thepublic attitude toward the matter thereforetends to vary from apathy to extravagantsentimentalism. The public and its agentsof information and enlightenment do notrealize that education has come to be ourmost costly single public enterprise, warspast and prospective alone excepted. Fraughtwith incalculable potential good as it is,such an enterprise can succeed only as it isintelligently guided, as it can be supportedonly as its support receives that intelligent adaptation of means to ends which in privateaffairs we call thrift. Mere accounting andfiguring unit costs' win not serve the pur­pose. There must be built up, first a bodyof factual material derived from·, a studyof the problem in all its economic aspectsand, second, an interpretation of such ma­terial so clear that the ordinary thoughtfulreader can see the enterprise not only inits immediate economic consequences butalso in the implications of its ultimateeconomic results. The foundation of sucha mass of information requires prolongedand probably expensive investigation, undercompetent direction and participated inby many well-trained investigators.The Illinois study in which readers ofthe Magazine will doubtless be especiallyinterested has been carried forward underthe general direction of the writer. Thefundamental studies have been made byMr. Floyd W. Reeves, Mr. Nelson B.Henry, Jr., and Mr. George W. Willett.assisted bv Mr. Robert E. Strickler andMrs. Christine K. Simmons. No attempthas been made completely to cover thefield. Rather, three studies have been car­ried on which are deemed to be in somesense fundamental and at the same timereconnaissances of the field in general.Mr. Reeves has investigated the politicalunit of taxation for school purposes throughan intensive study in the field of tentypical counties and through the applica­tion of his findings to a survey of the re­mainder of the 102 counties of the state.The legislative practice in Illinois overa period of near ly a century has been toenact statutes to meet local desires withscant attention to the general systemic ef­fect. The result has been to build up alocalism in the management of school affairswhich is probably without parallel in theUnited States. In the financing of schoolswe often find as a consequence two inde­pendent administrative bodies exercising thepower of taxation over the same tax­paying unit, for school purposes alone. Thesame principle being applied in other publicenterprises, we frequently find as many assix different agencies, not counting theState and Federal governments, laying taxesupon the same, property, each of them em­powered to tax and borrow to the limit. Theoutcome has been in some localities a reck­less laying of taxes which has tended todestroy the tax base. Fifty-six counties inthe state have been losing population dur­ing the past two decades and it is not hardSCHOOL OF EDUCATION NOTESto believe that excessive taxation has beenone of the chief factors in the process.Mr. Reeves' study shows clearly how thestate is organized for school support aridschool government, some of the economiceffects, and in great detail the inequalitieswhich have grown up between school dis­tricts and between counties.Mr. Willett has made a systematic studyof the indebtedness of the state for schoolpurposes. To this end, he has visited thecounty offices in 66 counties and includedin his study returns from 10 other coun­ties, covering practically the entire areawhich has incurred indebtedness for schoolpurposes. So far as is known, his is thefirst comprehensive study of this aspect ofschool financing in the state and certainlyone of the first applied to any state. Heexhibits the trend of indebtedness over aperiod of forty years, shows the trend ofindebtedness in relation to other trends, dis­cusses practice in incurring and - financingdifferent kinds of indebtedness, reveals thecurrent cost, and investigates the proba­bility of the discharge of indebtedness incertain types of school districts.The fundamental- and at the same timemost perplexing purpose of the Inquiry iscounting the probable cost. To this ele­ment Mr. Henry has devoted himself. Inattempting to project future costs, studentshave frequently been deceived by the appar­ent simplicity of the problem. It will notdo to take the aggregate costs, year byyear, derive a curve, and project that curveinto future years. Some elements of theschool system are increasing in cost andothers are not; some have reached theircost limit; others have a limit which is insight; while others have yet to develop theirlimits. No attempt has been made to pro­ject costs for the state as a whole. Thatwould far transcend the time and fundsavailable for the present inquiry. In lieuthereof, the forty-three cities which havepopulations of over 10,000, not includingChicago, have been selected for study. Ofthese, a sampling of twelve, to-wit: Spring­field, Rockford, Joliet, Decatur, J ackson­ville, Lincoln, Quincy, Canton, Kewanee,Peoria, Bloorningten, and Oak Park havebeen studied by going into the field, investi­gating local accounts, computing unit costs,and in some cases setting up new acountsin order to secure the necessary data. Onthe basis of these findings, an hypotheticalschool system is being built up in whicheach element of. the system is treated interms of its limit as now found in actuality.Hence the possible future costs for theforty-three cities as a group can be pre­dicted. The object here is not to predictthe actual cost for any city for any year,that would lay too heavy a burden upon theprophet, but rather to indicate where thepresent road is leading and where it ends.There remain numerous other studies inthe region of school finance in Illinois, andindeed corresponding studies in other states. ,305Among these the most important seems tQbe the following: i-the application of theprocedure worked out for the forty-threecities to (a) the city of Chicago, (b) therural area, and (c) the urban centers of lessthan 10,000; 2-the derivation of a formulafor depreciation of school buildings 'andplant; �-the obsolescence of school build­ings; 4-the costs involved in capital in­vestment. Probably the most important ofall is an extended series of investigationstouching the 'economic return from populareducation.Altogether the inquiry here, as elsewhere,has been carried on solely with scientificinterests in view. It is not a surveyorseries of' surveys. No legislation is recom­mended, nor has there be-en any purpose ofdiscovering and revealing instances of - mal­administration or malfeasance.+ __ U-' '-"-"-"�' __ II'-' __ "-"-"-"-.+: rt School of Education Notes I+JI_ .. -�.� .. - •• - •. - ... � .. �.n_ .. _ .. __ ._ .. _ .. _.+Alumni' Reunion and Dinne�The annual dinner and reunion of thealumni of the School of Education was heldin Ida Noyes Hall on May 11, in conjunctionwith the University Conference of Second­ary Schools. There were 167 in. attendanceat the 'dinner. Principal -McVey of theThornton Township High 'School at Harvey,Illinois, has been president of the Associa­tion for the past two years and was re­sponsible, with the executive committee,for the program which followed the dinner.At the business session a president, secondvice-president, and representative to theCouncil were elected to take the places ofthose whose terms of office expired. Theofficers for 1923-24 are ther efor e : President,George L. Willett, Ph. D., 1923, Principal­elect, Lyons Township High School, La­Grange, Illinois; First Vice-President, Ma-. bel Decker, A. M., 1920, 328 DempsterStreet, Evanston, Illinois; Second Vice­President, Laura - Lucas, Cert., 1916, Uni­versity Elementary School, University ofChicago; Secretary-Treasurer, F lor e neeWilliams, A. M., 1920, School of Education.University of Chicago: Representatives tothe Alumni Council, 1921-24-Mrs. GarrettLarkin, Ph. B., 1921, Oak Park, Illinois,1922-25-R. L. Lyman, Ph. D., 1917, Col­lege of Education. University of Chicago;1923-26-Butler Laughlin, ex. 1922, ChicagoNormal College.The speaking program was brief. Thefirst 'speaker was the President of the U ni­versity who was introduced by Dr. Butler.The President spoke on the educationalproblems which confront the University.He pointed out the necessity of careful ex­perimentation and broad-minded hospitalityto new ideas. The ideal of education, he(Continued on page 315)306 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBook Reviews(The University of Chicago Press)The "tramp" at your back door in searchof a handout, the "pan-handler in the loop,"or the "bum" multiplied a hundred times upand down Grant Park-have you ever con­sidered him seriously? Has it ever occurredto you that he bears any remote relation toyour own secure scheme of life? Probablynot. For this reason, Mr. Anderson'sserious study of a class almost universallyaccorded the negligence that its own atti­tude invokes, is a revelation.The simple analogy which. Dr. Robert E.Park points out in his preface to the bookthrows an illuminating flash over the wholeproblem: the hobo of today, he believes, isyesterday's pioneer with his goal removed.Dr. Park goes on to suggest that the twoare of the same temperamental type, butthat their socially acquired traits are quitedifferent; and this may unquestionably belaid to modern urban existence which leavesaimless wandering as the only outlet forthe' restless pioneer spirit. This is a sug­gestive point of view and one calculated toevoke just the sympathy and comprehensionthat Mr. Anderson has shown in his studyof the genus hobo .. He is always aware noless of the problems that face the homelessman, than of those that he creates for theorganized society from which he is neces­sarily an outcast. Public opiruo n, which is so essentiallysuperficial, if not apathetic, toward the hoboproblem, has much to learn, and Mr. Ander­son's first-hand investigations are well-fittedto instruct. At the same time they are asfascinating as a novel; they are of anotherworld. His prime object has not been todraw conclusions, but he has set down, bitby bit, indisputable facts gleaned from hisown observations in Chicago's Hobohemiaand on the road. He has tramped with the"b o;' loafed with him "on the stem," andslept in his "jungles." He knows whereofhe speaks.Whatever predisposition you have had todismiss the whole of the "floating fraternity"with the single classification, "tramp," mustbe dispelled. There are, if you please, threedistinct groups. Dr. Ben L. Reitman, "TheKing of the Hobos," has succinctly definedthem: "There are three types of the genusvagrant: the hobo, the tramp, and the bum.The hobo works and wanders, the trampdreams and wanders, and the bum drinksand wanders." Clearly, class distinction isnot absent even among its most consistent,if not its most insistent enemies.Obviously, the tendency to roam is thecommon factor among all of these groups,but even the homeless man must alightsometimes, somewhere, and Chicago is a dis­tinct mecca with its well-defined colonycomposed of the "home-guard" and of thecasual worker temporarily halted in hismigrations. Do you know, for instance,that there are, in the city of Chicago, dis­tricts and places known quite seriously tothe initiated as the Slave Market, Bum Park.Crumb Hill, Bughouse Square?' Indeed, tomany there are no other names for WestMadison Street, or Lower South State, forNorth Clark Street, or Upper State Street.For these are the districts which compriseChicago's Hobohemia, ..vhich shelter thehomeless man at home. 'Nowhere are the vicissitudes of the roadand the "getting-by" philosophy which itfosters expressed more freely or more trulythan in the poetry of the hobo. Here heepitomizes his temptations, his chronicyearnings to separate himself from the"gaunt, gray' city.," his eternal protestagainst the existing social order, his tiradesagainst religion. Occasionally he is satiric,and still less frequently he is discouragedand resigned. But the supreme, the impel­ling force is wanderlust and in this vein thehobo is at his best. H. H. Knibbs has cap­tured the undeniable in his poem, "Nothingto Do but Go" of which this is the firststanza:BOOK REVIEWS-UNIVERSITY NOTES'Tin the wandering son with the nervousfeet,That never we're meant for a steady beat;I've had many a job for a little while,I've been on the bum and I've lived in style;And there was the road, stretch in' mile aftermile, .And nothin' to do but go."I t is a convincing apology for hobo-ism.The study was made for the ChicagoCouncil of Social Agencies and was carriedon under the direction of the Committee onHomeless Men. The avowed purpose is tomake the city more intelligible, and this isthe first of a series of urban studies plannedto this end. The Hobo goes far towardthis purpose. It fosters the sympatheticunderstanding without which no amount ofrecommendations can avail. In a conclud­ing summary, the Committee on HomelessMen has set down practical suggestions foraction. These are based on the manifestconclusions of the report, "(a) that anyfundamental solution of the problem is na­tional and not local, and (b) that the. prob­lem of the homeless migratory worker isbut an aspect of the larger problems ofindustry, such as unemployment, seasonalwork, and labor turnover." This is sanejudgment, and augurs well for a reconcilia­tion between the hobo and the social organ­ization that he has renounced. On Standards of AdmissionUniversity requirements are no longer tobe measured in terms of grade points alone.Such is the idea of the selective basis ofadmission which . was' presented by DeanDavid Allan Robertson, '02, at the Educa­tion Conference held in May.That the new standard of measurementwill be in terms of achievement, characterof mind, attitude, skill, as well as the muchcredited grade points was the central theme/ of Dean Robertson's talk, "Personnel Serv­ice and Selective Admission to College."Personnel service, he said, in his discussion,has been successful in handling cases' ofprobation and in. "flunking." In fact, inmost cases personnel service. has increasedefficiency of work. By tested experimentsit has been found to have worked success­fully in the army and in many instances andtypes of industry: In all probability thesystem would meet with the same successif adopted in institutions of higher learning."In cases of admission, it has been real­ized that grade points are not enough, norare ,»sychological tests," said Dean Robert­son. "Admission requirements will haveto conform to the personnel system and itis to be hoped that this system will be thesolution to the selective admission schemewhich is under progress at present."June is Homecoming Timefor 307Chfcago's ChildrenTo AllOld Grads who may still be' on the Quadrangles, and all SummerStudents we bid a hearty welcome. Pay us a visit, or shop by mail.The University of Chicago Bookstore580.2 Ellis Avenue308 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINENEWS OF THE CLASSESAND ASSOCIATIONSCollege Association ElectionThe College Alumni Association election,conducted as usual by post-card ballot atReunion time, resulted in over 600 votesbeing cast. The election in several caseswas quite close, only a dozen votes or so de­ciding for some offices. Those elected, asannounced by the Secretary at the ReunionSupper, June 9th, are:,First Vice President: Howard L. Wil­lett '06 ; Secretary-Treasurer: A. G. Pierr ot'07; Executive Committee: Clyde A. Blair'05, Barbara Miller '18.Delegates to Alumni Council: ElizabethFaulkner '85, Herbert 1. Markham '06,Helen Norris '07, Raymond J. Daly '12,Martha Nadine Hall '17, Robert M. Cole :22'.All have been prominent in college andalumni affairs. We ar e confident they will.render able service to the Alumni Associa­tion.UNIVERSITY COLtEGEThe downtown department ofThe University of Chicago116 So. Michigan Avenuewishes the Alumni of the Univer­sity and their friends to know thatit now offersEvening, late Afternoon andSaturday ClassesTwo-Hour Sessions Once or Twice a WeekCourses Credited Toward ].I niversity DegreesA limited number of courses will be offered in theevening on the University Quadrangles in additionto courses given downtown.For Circular of Information Address'Nathaniel Butler, Dean, Univenity College,The University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. College Association Notes'96-'--- John F. Voigt recently removed hislaw offices to suite 1017-1019 MarquetteB ldg., Chicago.'99-Ainsworth W. Clark is connectedwith the Bond department of the IllinoisMerchants Trust Co., Chicago.'99-Anna Lockwood Peterson teachesClassic in the Hughes High School, Cincin­nati. She is president of the CincinnatiTeachers Association.'06�Inghram D. Hook, president of ourKansas City Alumni Club, was recently ap­pointed Police Commissioner of KansasCity.'08-Benjamin C. Allin is Director of thePort at -Houston, Texas. He has .been animportant factor in the development of theimmense amount of foreign and coast tradenow handled at that port.'20-Charles Breasted has an in terestingarticle on his experences at King Tut'stomb, at the time it was opened, in the Junenumber of Asia.Chicago Alumni­have a unique chance for Serv­ice and Loyalty.Tell your ambitious friends whocan not attend classes about the450which your Alma Mater offers.Through them she is reaching thou­sands in all parts of the country and indistant lands.� For Catalogue AddressThe University of Chicago(Box S) Chicago, IllinoisNEWS OF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONS'20-William V. Morgenstern, J.D. '22, isnow practicing law at 111 West Washing­ton St., Chicago.'21-Robert Howard is selling BeverlyHills, Chicago, real estate for J. W. How­ard & Co.'22-Frederick Moffat Elton is now resid­ing at 28 Halleck Street, Youngstown, Ohio.1912 Holds a Mock TrialThe Twelvers sprang a surprise mocktrial for their classmates on Friday evening,May 25th, at the home of Charlotte O'Brien,4332 Kenmore avenue. None of the mem­bers except those included in the cast knew,or had. any inkling of "What it was allabout." They soon found out.The case was that of the "Misses EllaMoynihan and Elizabeth Keenan versus TheMidnight : Special . Rail-Road," in which theplaintiffs sued H. L. Murphy, engineer ofthe road, for damages encountered on thetrain's tenth trip around Stagg Field iri June,1922. Said plaintiffs claimed that said engi­neer caused so much soot and oil to bethrown upon their fair complexions and beau­tiful tresses that they were obliged to seekthe aid of an expert beauty specialist to re­pair the damages done. Trey were ablyand successfuly defended by Arno B. Rob­erts, who, through his clever cross-question­ing revealed some startling news and scan­dal about certain Twelvers. CampbellMarvin acted as counsel for the defendant,and produced many unique as well as valu­able affidavits. which, could they be printed,would be an inspiration to any buddingyoung lawyer of today. Charles M. Rade­macher proved to be an efficient judge, forhe was as solemn as the proverbial owl.Clyde Joice more than distinguished himselfas clerk of the court; his language wasmost brilliant; we think it was Chinese.After two-hours grilling, the· jurors wereasked to retire and urged to "see that justicebe done the fair plaintiffs"; they did, therailroad'lost the case.Others in the cast were: Mrs. Arno Rob­erts, Mabel Beedle, Margaret Sullivan, Zil­lah Shepherd, Lydia Lee Peirce, Faith Car­roll, Margaret Magrady, Raymond Daly andRobert Buck. We hesitate to mention theauthors of the affidavits-which were solegal as to form but strangely illegal in allother respects-for fear said authors wouldbecome entangled in the meshes of the law.However, should anyone need the servicesof such writers, names will be furnished bythe engineer of the Mid-Night Special.Harriet S. Murphy, '12.-Sec, of Class of 191�? , 909_-_-_- __ - -_SPALDING"Rajah"SoleFor Golf andGeneral Wear"Raj ah" Sales of crepe rubberare so light and resilient thatthe effect is of stepping on air.They permit a viselike grip onthe ground yet will not injurethe most del i cat ely keptgreens. Attached to the pop­ular Spaldi.ig low cut tan calfleather shoes - equally suit­able for street or fairway.Pair $10.00Golfers' Headquarters211 South State St. ChicagoPublic SalesWe have purchased 122,000 pairs U. S.Army Munson last shoes; sizes 531 to 12,which was the entire surplus stock of oneof the largest U. S. Government shoe con­tractors.This shoe is guaranteed one hundredpercent solid leather, color dark tan, bel­lows tongue, dirt and water proof. Theactual value of this shoe is $6.00. Owingto this tremendous buy we can offer sameto the public at $2.95.Send correct size. Pay postman on de­livery or send money order. If shoes arenot as represented we will cheerfully refundyour money promptly upon request.National Bay StateShoe Co.296 Broadway, New York, N. Y.310 THE UNIV:HKSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEFOREmployers and College WomenChicago Collegiate Bureauof OccupationsTrained Women PlacedasEditorial and Advertising Assistants, LaboratoryTechnicians, Apprentice Executives, Book-keepersDraughtswomen and Secretaries and in other Jines1804 Mailers Bldg.5 S. Wabash Ave. Tel. Central 5336We Print �be 1ltnibersitp of «:bicago jiMaga�ineCall and inspectour building.plant and up-to­date facilities. Make a Printing Connectionwith a Specialist and a Large, Abso­lutely RELIABLE Printing House"CATALOGUE and PRINTERSPUBLICATION .Printing and Adverti;ing Advisers�s'�e ��jh':r!�r:-t and the CooperatiOe and Clearing Housecomplete Print- for Catalogues and Publicationsr;�if��n�l!'t��� Let us estimate on your next printing order. Printing Products CorporationI FORMERLY ROGERS 8< HALL COMPANYPolk and La Salle Streets CHICAGO, ILLINOISPhones-Local and Long Distance-Wabash 3381.BOOKSOld and NewThe best of the new booksand a complete line of schooland college text books.Write us for the hook you wa'!t.WOOD'WORTH'SBOOK STORESV. A. WOODWOFTH. '06, ProprietorUniversity Book Store, 1311 E. 57th St.Hyde Park Book Store, - 1540 E. 63rd StreetEnglewood Book Store, 6212 St·ewad AvenueOur new "Loop Store"112 So. Wabash Ave., (near Monroe St.)Telephone .Dearborn 2259he ordm of Teachers and Lih,aries Solicited +_-11-,,-,'-,,- .. -,,-,,-.,-.'- .. -1'-"-.1-_+! .1 C. and A. Notes \I i+1I_"II_UII_IIII_IIII_HII_HR_IIH_lIlf-lln�n"_U._II._nn_n+The fifth annual meeting of the Associa­tion of Collegiate Schools of Business tookplace on May 3-5, 1923, at Cincinnati, Ohio.Sessions convened in the .building of theSchool of Engineering and Commerce ofthe University of Cincinnati. The Schoolof Commerce and Administration of theUniversity of Chicago was represented byMr. Paul M. Atkins, Instructor in Produc­tion Management, and by Mr. Jay F. Christ,Instructor in Business Law. Invitations tomembership in the Association were ex­tended to the schools of business of theuniversities of Iowa, Denver, Oregon andNorth Carolina.Professor L. C. Sorrell attended the an­nual Foreign Trade Convention, held inNew Orleans, Louisiana, during' the firstweek in May. The trip offered a fine op­portunity for a study of the boat facilitiesof New Orleans and Mobile, in connectionwith our transportation courses .Professor W. H. Spencer, as a delegatefrom the School of Commerce and Admin­istration, at the University of Chicago, at­tended the dedication of the new CommerceBuilding at Indiana University, April 25and 26.+U_IU_ •• _IfI_Utl_IH_nl_'U_ •• _III_HM_NU_UII_IlM_I+& . . 1! C. and A. Association II ii,n_III1_MU_NN_IIu_un_IIU_UU_IUI_UH_llu_nll_ •• ;--ua-ll+Spring Meeting of C. and A. AlumniThe regular spring meeting of the AlumniAssociation of the School of Commerce andAdministration and the Fifth Annual Ban­quet and Dance of the Commerce Club wereheld jointly May 2·5. The attendance wasabout 150 including 40 members. of theAlumni Association.·The annual meeting of the Alumni Asso­ciation was held in the Reynolds Club at6 o'clock, preceding the banquet. The fol­lowing officers were elected for the year:President: Donald P. Bean, '17.Vice-President: John A. Logan, '21.Delegates to Alumni· Council: Frank E.Weakley, '14; Donald P. Bean, '17; John A.Logan, '21.Representative to Commerce Club: Mil­dred Janovsky, '20..The following officers whose terms do notexpire hold over:Secretary: Charity E. Budinger, '20.Treasurer: H. T. Mossberg, '20.NEWS OF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONSFollowing the meeting the Alumni - werethe guests of the Commerce Club in Hutch­inson Cafe. Mr. Pierrot, Secretary of theAlumni Council, brought a message from theCouncil. Harold J. Noyes, retiring Presidentof the Commerce Club, spoke of the workof the Club for the year, and he was fol­lowed by the President-elect Robert Distel­horst, who told of the plans for the under­graduate organization for 1923-24. Frank E.Weakley, retiring President of the AlumniAssociation, told of the work of the Asso­ciation and urged the graduating seniors tojoin and participate in the activities of theAssociation. Dean Marshall outlined dearlythe accomplishments of the past few years,and the plans for the further expansion ofthe work of the School of Commerce andAdministration.A program of faculty and student "antics"and a dance followed the banquet in theSchool of Commerce and AdministrationBuilding ..'17-J. Ray Cable, A.M., Associate Pro­fessor of Economics, University of Okla­homa, Norman, Oklahoma, has beef!appointed head of the Department ofBanking and Finance in the School of Com­merce an d Finance, Washington University,St. Louis, Missouri.'lS-Vivien M. Palmer, Ph.B., has beenstudying at Columbia University. She willreceive her A.M. in the Department of Psy­chology in June.'21-Mill:on Vogel, Ph.B., is with the Ac­counting Appliance Company, Chicago, Illi­nois." '21-Erwin G. May, Ph.B., is the GeneralManager of the Pikes Peak WarehousingCompany, Colorado. Springs, Colorado.'23-Carl Fales, Ph.B., is in the bond de­partment of the Continental and CommercialTrust and Savings Bank, Chicago, Illinois.•. - .. - .. - .. - .. - .. - .. - .. - .. - .. -.,,- .. - .. - .. --+! 11 Divinity Association ,! i+"_."_.H_'II_'II_U'_'II_'II"'-.U_II"_tl�_IIII_'II_n1I_.+Divinity Association Meeting-New OfficersMemorial to Dean HubbardIn connection with the' meeting of theNorthern Baptist Convention, the Alumniof the Divinity School "Of' the University ofChicago met in Atlantic City on May 24,1923, holding the annual meeting of theDivinity Alumni Association at that time.President W .. H. Jones, '00, D. B. '03,called the meeting to order. Clarence W.Kemper was elected secretary pro tern.Joseph ("Joe") Hazen, D� B. '02, broughtup the subject of a memorial by the DivinityAlumni to the late Dean Eri B. Hulbert,the first dean of the Divinity School. Onmotion, the President was authorized toappoint a committee for this purpose. The First National BankOF CHICAGOand its affiliated institution, the,First Trust and SavingsBankoffer a complete, con­venient and satisfactoryfinancial service inCommercial BankingForeign ExchangeTravellers ChequesDepartment for LadiesInvestment BondsReal Estate Mortgagesand CertificatesSavings DepartmentTrust DepartmentThe stock of both banks is owned by the samestockholders. Combined resources exceed$330.000.000Northwest CornerDearborn and Monroe Sts.Chicago 311312 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE, Le Roy Dakin, D. B. '11, reporting for theNominating Committee on new Associationofficers, recommended:President, James ("Jim") McGee, D. B.'08. . ,Secretary-Treasurer, Clarence W. KemperA, M. '11, D. B. '12.Delegates to Alumni Council, those whoare serving at present: E. J. Goodspeed, D.B. '97, Ph. D. '98; Oscar D. Briggs, ex-'Og,and. A. G. Baker, Ph. D. '21. 'These nominees were unanimously elected.President Ernest DeWitt Burton who at­tended the meeting was given a royal wel­come. President Burton asked Dr. Good­speed and Dr. Gates to stand. Dr. Gatestold of the raising of the first million dollarsfor the University, and how the MorganPark Seminary became a part of the Uni­versity. :President Burton spoke of his dream andplans for the University. It must be greatin research, as a great graduate school, andalso as a center for several colleges forundergraduate work.Chicago men were happy to have thistime together and. to have the words ofinspiration from Dr. Burton.Clarence W. Kemper,A. M. '11, D. B. '12,First Baptist Church, Secretary.Charleston, West Virginia. Ph. D. Association Annual DinnerThe Annual Dinner and Meeting of theAssociation of Doctors of Philosophy washeld, as usual, on Convocation Day, at noon,June 9, at the Quadrangle Club. One hun­dred and thirty-five doctors were present.Acting President Earnest DeWitt Burtonwas elected to honorary membership in theAssociation. Miss Myra Reynolds who,after thirty years of service on the' facultyof the University and as head ·of FosterHall, is retiring this June, was the guest ofhonor and main speaker.. The officers of the Association were reoelected for another year.The new doctors, receiving their degreesat the Convocation of the day, were wel­comed into the Association. A fuller ac­count of this annual meeting, one of themost successful in the history of the Ph. D.Association, will appear in the July number.A . B . A Cheques are accepted bymore than 40, 000 banks and are aseasy to negotiate anywhere as yourpersonal check in your own hometown. Your counter-signature inthe presence of the acceptor iden­tifies you.Like a Checking AccountAt 40,000 Banks .PARISExperienced travelers useA B A American ell', .... ��:t�ri eques"::TRAVEL MONEY"Ask for A °BoA Cheques at your hankThe Agent of the American Bankers Association for these cheques isBANKERS TRUST COMPANYNEW YORKNEWS OF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONSLaw School Association Annual DinnerDean Hall Portrait PresentedThe presentation of a life-size portrait ofDean James Parker Hall to the Universityof Chicago was the principal feature of. theAnnual Dinner of the Law School Associ­ation, held on the evening of ConvocationDay, June 12, 1923, at the Union LeagueClub.The presentation was made by PresidentClay Judson, J. D. '17, of the Association,who spoke of it as a tribute of the Alumnibody to the character and fitness of theDean in his administration of the LawSchool practically from its inception, andas an expression of their personal affectionfor him. The picture was accepted in be­half of the University by Professor Floyd R.Mechem, who has been designated by Act­ing President Burton for that purpose.He spoke of his intimate association withDean Hall from the beginning of the LawSchool and showed that the Dean is amany-sided man, who has made himselfgreat as a teacher, text-book writer and inthe public service in addition to his workas administrator. He referred particularly TEACHERS WANTED!If you are available for an educational.position of any kind, you are invited to callat the offices named below. The work isnational in scope, and comprises the largestteacher placement work in the United Statesunder one management.AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU1610 Chicago Temple77 W. Washington St.(Exclusively for college and univer­sity teachers.)FISK TEACHERS AGENCY814 Steger- Bldg.28 E. Jackson Blvd.EDUCATION SERVICE1210 Association Bldg.19 S. La Salle St.NATIONAL TEACHERS AGENCY1564 Sherman Ave., Evanston 313SMITH SAUER MOTOR CO.2436 SO. MICHIGAN AVEDISTRIBUTORSTHE STURDYCASED. UNDERHILL SMITH EX'12 CLARK G. SAUER '12314 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINERALPH C. MANNING, '00, J. D. '03Realtor and Insurance BrokerChicago West Suburban Real EstateTown and Country Homes210 West Liberty Drive Phone: 195Wheaton, IllinoisHome Ownership is True CitizenshipJames M. Sheldon, '03INVESTMENTSWithBartlett, Frazier Co.111 W. Jackson Blvd.Wabash 2310Paul H. Davis & @ompangMembers Chicago Stock ExchangeWeare anxious to serve you inyour selection of high grade in­vestments. We .rpecialize inlisted and unlisted stocks andbonds-quotations on request.Paul H.. Davis, 'II Herbert I. Markham, Ex-'06Ralp�W. Davis,' 16 Byron c. Howes, Ex-'13N. Y.\l.ifeBldg.-CHICAGO- State 6860MOSERSHORTHAND COLLEGEA business school of distinctionSpecial Three Months' IntensiveCourse for university graduatesor undergradua tes given quarterly.Bulletin on Request.PAUL MOSER, J. D., Ph. B.116 S. Michigan Ave. Chicago to the high standing of Hall's "Cases onConstitutional Law" as the' outstandingwork on that subject.The president then announced that a cam­paign is under way among the Alumni toraise a fund for the painting of Mr. Mech­em's picture, to be presented at the AnnualMeeting of the Association in 1924.Dean Hall, with accustomed modesty,said he felt. that Mr. Mechem's pictureshould have been painted first, but that hewas gratified to know that it would be aclose second to his own. He thanked theAlumni with some feeling for this evidenceof their thoughtfulness and regard, and saidhe had enjoyed the experience of sittingfor the picture. He said that at the studioof the artist, Mr. Leopold Seyffert, he hadexperimen ted. for some time in facial expres­sions at the suggestion of the artist. Theone chosen resulted from a discussion. withthe artist of the subject of "proximatecause." (The general comment was thatthe picture seemed to show the Dean in acharacteristic expression just after he hadfinished saying something to a law class.)Continuing, Mr. Hall spoke of the work ofthe American Law Institute, which he hasbeen active in promoting, and requestedthe friendly attitude of all practicing lawyerstoward its work.Honorable Walter L. Fisher, former Sec­retary of the Interior in President Taft'scabinet, told the story of the recent arbitra­tion between Norway and the UnitedStates at The Hague, in which Mr. Fisherwas one of the counsel for Norway. Thecontroversy arose over the requisitioning bythe United States during the war of cer­tain vessels belonging to subjects of Norwaybeing built in American shipyards. TheUnited States claimed that it owed a littleover two million dollars, but the arbitra­tion tribunal awarded Norway twelve mil­lion dollars, which has been paid "withoutthe necessity of an execution," as PresidentJudson expressed it. Mr. Fisher's recitalwas a highly illuminating and informing ex­position of the nature of international arbi­tration, and of the legal principles foughtout in this particular case. It held manythrills, belonging to a battle of giants.Secretary McElroy made his usual pa­thetic appeal for reinforcements to the"army of iron men."The work of raising the money from theAlumni for the painting of the picture ofDean Hall has been under the charge ofRudolph E. Schreiber '04, J.D. '06, formerSecretary- Treasurer of. the Law School As­sociation, who also has charge of raising themoney for Mr. Mechem's picture. Theartist, Mr. Leopold Seyffert, was present,and· must have been pleased by the uni­formly favorable comments. The picturewill hang in the Law Building.The election of officers of the Law SchoolAlumni Association for 1923-24, resulted asNEWS OF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONSfollows: President, Henry F. Tenney, '13, J.D. '15; Vice-President, Laird Bell, J. D. '07;Secretary- Treasurer, Charles F. McElroy,A. M. '06, J. D. '15, (re-elected); Delegatesto the Alumni Council, Henry F. Tenney,Charles F. McElroy, and Edgar J. Phillips,LL. B., '11.The attendance was over one hundred,thanks to the go-get-'em tactics of the chair­man of the dinner committee, Harold W.Norman, J. D. '20.Charles F. Me Elroy, A. M. '0.6; J. D. '15,Secretary.School of Education Notes(Continued from page 305)said is to cultivate the intellectual habitof �ot being bound by habits. It w�svery gratifying to the members of the Presi­dent's audience to hear the cordial commen­dation which he gave to the scientific workbeing done by the School of Education.Following Dr. Burton, Director Juddspoke of the characteristics of Americancivilization and of American 'Schools whichmake it possible for the science of educa­tion to develop in this country as it cannotin European countries where all educationalorganizations are under direct central gov­ernment control.Music was furnished by the Phi DeltaKappa Quartette, consisting of Mr. Paul M.Cook, Mr. James W. Hoge, 1>1r. RobertStrickler and Mr. Homer P. Rainey. Theremaind�r of the evening was devoted togames and dancing.Pi Lambda ThetaLambda Chapter of Pi Lambda Theta hashad a most pleasant and prosperous year.It has received thirteen new members,among them one associate member, MissAlice Temple, of the Kindergarten-PrimaryDepartment. The Chapter is looking for­ward to the summer when a number of itsmembers will return to the University.The University of Chicago Chapter willbe hostess to the National Biennial Meetingof the Fraternity which will be held June20 to 23. Delegates from all the chaptersare expected as well as a number of mem­bers who will stay over for the meeting orwill come early to attend it in connectionwith other summer plans.During the Spring Quarter the local Chap­ter enjoyed a lecture by Dr. Bird T. Baldwinof the University of Iowa on "The Treat­ment of Exceptional Children." Studentsand faculty of the School of Education wereinvited to the lecture which was followedby a reception and tea.Committee on Reading.Dean Gray is chairman of a committee ofseven, appointed some months ago by Com- The Corn ExchangeNational Bankof ChicagoCapital and Surplus •• $15,000,000OFFICERSERNEST A. HAMILL, �HAIRMAN OF THRBOARDCHARI,ES L. HUTCHINSON, VICE-PRESI-DENTOWEN T. REEVES: JR., VICE-PRESIDENTJ. EDWARD MAASS, VICE-PRESIDENTtrORMAN J. FORD, VICE-PRESIDENTJAMES G. WAKEFIELD,.VlCE-PRESIDENTEDWARD F. SCHOENECK, CASHIERLEWIS E. GARY, ASS'T CASHIERJAMES A. WALKER, ASS'T CASHIERC. RAY PHILLIPS, ASS'T CASHIERFRANK F. SPIEGLER, ASS'T CASHIERWILLIAM E. WALKER, ASS'T CASHIERDIRECTORSWATION F. BLua CHARLES H. HULBURDCHAUNCEY B. BORLAND CHARLES L. HUTCHINSONEDWARD B. BUTLD ]OHN]. MnCHILLBENJAMIN CAaUNTE. MARTIN A. RYU80NCLYDB M. Cn. J. HulI.Y SELZHENRY P. CRown&. ROBERT J. THORN.EIlNEST A" HAMILL CHARLEI H. WACKEIlForeim Exchange Letter. of CndItCable Transfer.Savin,. Department, Jamea It. Calhoun, Kp-.3% Paid on Savings Deposits·315316 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAlbert Teach-ers' Agency25 E. Jackson Boulevard, ChicagoEstablished 1885. Oldest Agencyunder the same active management.FREE REGISTRATION to University of Chi­cago students. On returning docu­ments a College President wrote:"I am grateful for the promptattention yo,U always give to, ourappeals for help. I am especiallygrateful for. the courteous atten­tion given to, me on my personalvisit to, yo,ur office in September.It was a surprise to, see so, manyManagers, Clerks, Stenographers-«all earnestly engaged in their work,and to, meet so, many .groups ofschool men from day to, day, onthe same errand as myself."Students and Alumni of the Uni­versity are always welcome. It costsyou nothing to interview our Man­agers and will bring results Wehave the business.Ot,her offices437 Fifth Ave., New York, N. Y.Symes Bldg., Denver, Colo.Peyton Bldg., Spokane, Wash.$1.00 $100JlOStarts a Opens aSavings CheckingAccount AccountThe most efficient capitalist keeps hismoney working. Every dollar is a littleworker and you should put it to work,not to sleep.Invest in our First Mortgage BondsON HYDE PARK PROPERTY. PNTEREST 7 PER CENTThe bonds are certified and regis­tered by the Chicago Title & TrustCo., trustee, and the title guaranteed forthe full amount of the bonds.UNIVERSITY STATE BANKA CLEARING HOUSE BANK1354 East 55th St. Corner Ridgewood missioner Tigert of the Bureau of Educa­tion, to canvas the field of reading instruc­tion and to make definite recommendationsconcerning problems which confront teach­ers and supervisors. Each member of theCommittee, as chairman of a sub-com­mittee, has in preparation a report on someparticular phase of the reading investiga­tion. The members of the committee andthe special problems on which they areworking are: Professor S. A. Leonard,University of Wisconsin, Types of readingof large social value; Dean W. S. Gray, Uni­versity of ·Chicago, Essential features of amodern program of instruction in reading;Miss Estaline Wilson, Asst. Superintendentof Schools, Toledo, Ohio, Special types ofreading activities in content subject; Pro­fessor Ernest Horn, University of Iowa,Appropriate materials of reading instruc­tion; Miss Frances Jenkins, University of. Cincinnati, How to develop independence inthe recognition of words; Miss Laura Zirbes,Lincoln School of Teachers College, Indi­vidual differences, tests, and remedial .treat­ment; Mr. Frank W. Ballou, Washington,D. c., How to put across a progressiveprogram of reading instruction.Phi Delta: KappaZeta Chapter of Phi Delta Kappa has onits roster, including both active and fieldmembers, 369 names. About fifty men havebeen received into membership during' thepast year. The membership is comprised ofthose who have proven their worth eitherby a high type of advanced study in thefield of education or by marked success asteachers. Two hundred and six replies toquestionnaires sent to the membership showthe following scholastic standings: Twohave received the Bachelor's degree only,fifty four have done one year of post gradu­ate work, twenty-six have takeri the Master'sdegree only, fifty-four are in the second yearof their graduate work, forty-eight are inthe third year of their graduate work, andthirty-one have taken the Ph. D. degree. Ofthis number six are presidents of normalschools or colleges, fifty-four are heads ofdepartments of education in normal schools,colleges or universities, and thirty-three aresuperintendents of schools.The chief' purposes of the fraternity are,first, to raise the standard of the professionof teaching and, second, to encourage re­search in the field of education.The recently elected officers of Zeta Chap­ter for J 923-24 are: President, Homer P.Rainey; Vice-President, William A. Brown­ell; Secretary, Howard Y. McClusky;Treasurer, Douglas E. Scates; Historian, L.V. Bowyer; Faculty Advisor, William' S.Gray.ALUMNI AFFAIRSAlumni Affairs(Continued from page 290) .gave some good yells to the great delight of­Drake rooters.Unfortunately arrangements had beenmade for our team to return to Chicago onthe early train, and so they had to hurryaway before the dancing began.Yours truly,Hazelle S. Moore, '16,Secretary, Des Moines Club.Omaha Club Meeting-New OfficersThe University of Chicago Club ofOmaha, Nebraska, was entertained on Sat­urday afternoon, May 12, at the countryresidence of Mr. and Mrs. Wayland W. MJ.­gee (Wayland Magee, '05), at Summer HillFarm, Bennington, Nebraska. It was amost enjoyable outing for the Club, under 317the hospitality of the hosts. In connectionwith the gathering the annual meeting washeld.The following officers were elected toserve for the ensuing year:President, Eugene N. Blazer, J.D. '14.Secretary, Miss Juliette Griffin, '12.Treasurer, John J. Brotherton, '18.Drama Club Gives Reunion TeaThe University of Chicago Dramatic As­sociation gave a reunion tea on Sunday,June 10, from 4 to 6 at Ida Noyes hall; Allmembers of the faculty and of the alumniof the organization. were invited. The com­mittee in charge of the affair was MissJosephine Allin, Mr. and Mrs: Howard Wil­lett, Mr. and Mrs. Schuyler Terry, Mrs.Phyllis Fay Horton, and Mr. and Mrs. LouisDooley.WE have openings for a limited numberof college men in our organization.We will be very glad to interview graduatingseniors and University of Chicago Alumniwho contemplate entering the investmentbusiness. .TheStraus Brothers Company1 0 Sou th LaSalle Street, Chicago, IllinoisTwen�:::enth The Love Teachers' Agency A. A. LOVE,ManagerTelephone 1353- W Free EnrollmentFargo, North Dakota62 Broadway318 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEC. F. Axelson, '07SPECIAL AGENTNorthwestern Mutua/Life Insurance Co.900 The RookeryTelephone Wabash 1800BRADFORD GILL, '10 WILLIS H. LINSLEY, '01GILL, LINSLEY & MIDDLETONALL I N5URANCE FORMS175 WEST JACKSON BOULEVARDTELEPHONE WABASH 9411 CHICAGORalph H. Hobart, '96HOBART & OATES. CHICAGO GENERAL AGENTSNorthwestern Mutual Life Ins. Co.900 The RookeryEarle A. Shilton, '14REAL ESTATEUPPER MICHIGAN AVENUE BUSINESSAND FACTORY PROPERTY637 No. Michigan Ave. Superior 74RAYMOND J. DALY, 'uInvestment SecuritiesWITHFederal Securities CorporationCHICAGORandolph 7500John J. Cleary, Jr., ' 14ELDREDGE & CLEARYGeneral InsuranceFidelity & Surety BondsInsurance Exchange BuildingTel. Wabash 1240 ChicagoCornelius Teninga, '12REAL ESTATE and LOANSPullman- Industrial DistrictTeninga Bros. & Co, 11324 Michigan Ave.PULLMAN 5000John A. Logan, '21Investment SecuritieswithH. M. BYLLESBY & COMPANY208 So. La Salle St. Wabash 0820 The 1923 Reunion(Continued from .page 288)This was followed by the initiation of theClass of 1923 into the Alumni Association.Charles F. Axelson '07, Chairman of theCouncil, presented the class umbrella toOtto Strohmeier, president of the class of1923, who, on behalf of the seniors, pledgedthe loyal support of '23 to the Alumni As­sociation and the University.The Reunion Supper-Dr. Burton's AddressThe Reunioh Supper was held in BartlettGymnasium. Charles F. Axelson presided,and read telegrams of greetings from Alum­ni Clubs throughout the country. Classsongs and yells and mass singing tookplace during the supper. The program ofspeakers was: .Margaret Burton '07, daughter of ActingPresident Burton and President of the NewY ork Alumnae Club, who told of New Yorkalumni and alumnre activities and broughta message of co-operation with the otheralumni organizations at Chicago and else­where; Professor Arthur W. Smith '98,Ph.D. '05, of Colgate University, who repre­sented the twenty-fifth anniversary class,and spoke of the high sentimental appreci­ation that Chicago, alumni truly possess to­ward their Alma Mater; Frank McNair '03,who. gave some statistics on our Alumni As­sociation and the Alumni Fund, and againpledged the loyalty of the alumni in co-Joseph Fishman, '15GENUINE NAVAJO RUGS & NOVELTIESdirect from IndiansFor prices. addressDANOFF, FISHMAN COMPANYGallup. New MexicoSam A. Rothermel '1 7InsurancewithMOORE, CASE. LYMAN & HUBBARD625 Insurance Exchange Wabash 0400Luther M. Sandwick '20WithH. M. Byllesby and CompanyInvestment Securities208 S. LaSalle St. Wabash 0820Motion Pictures?Educational - Characterbuilding -'- EntertainingMathew A. Bowers, '22TEMPLE PI CTURES, Inc.Cal. 4767 2301-11 Prairie Ave., ChicagoTHE I923 REUNIONoperation with the University on any callthat might come; A. G. Pierret '07, AlumniSecretary, announced the results of the Col­lege Association election; and Acting Presi­dent Burton. Dr. Burton gave a most im­pressive address, outlining something of thefuture of the University, and emphasizing itsgreat work in the field of "discovery;" hetold of plans to build up a group of colleges,permitting of closer and more personal con­tact between student and instructor than ispossible at present in any large college inAmerica; and he pointed out the great needfor educated leadership, in which collegeand university men and women must takepart, in national and international problemsdemanding attention from and solution bythe best minds of the nation. Dr. Burtonwas greeted enthusiastically and his stirringaddress was deeply appreciated by thealumni.. The Garden PartyAlumni Day closed with a beautiful gar­den party and dance in H uchinson Court.In addition. to the lights used for the Sing,the Court was illuminated with Chinese lan­terns; large palms, placed around the foun­tain and at other places in the Court, addeda touch of beauty to the scene. Betweendances, a special banjo orchestra, sent overfrom the Tivoli Theatre, entertained. and dance was a fitting close to anG 319Alumni Day that was successful throughout.As was stated previously, the entire Re­union-as an annual event, and as tributeto Acting President Burton at his "first"Reunion-was decidedly successful andadded a notable chapter to our Reunion his­tory.College Day EventsOn Monday, College Day, June 11th, theSenior Class exercises took place, as cus­tomary, in front of Cobb Hall. The tradi­tional program was held :Address, . by President Otto Strohm�ie;rPresentation of the Senior Hammer to1924, by Arthur E. White, Jr.Response for .1924, Clarence J. BrickmanPresentation of the Cap and Gown to1924, by Anna Gwin PickensResponse for 1924, by Dorothy H. Mc­KinlayPresentation of Senior Bench to 1924, byEgil F. KroghClass Poem, by Dorothy Ruth HusbandClass History, by Walker KennedyClass Oration, by George H. HartmanPresentation of Class Gift, by LennoxB. Grey (The gift is a bronze bust of Pr esi­rent Judson)Response on behalf of the University, byActing President BurtonClass Song"Alma Mater"Day i�t1d day ouVFATIMA320 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe Quaker housewife'smeat delivery in 1650Philadelphia saw the first "fat stock shows" inAmerica. .William Penn started them-semi-annual fairsto encourage fine stock raising, and semi-weeklymarkets to get the meat to the consumers.They became a part of the city life.Fine animals, gayly bedecked, were driventhrough the streets on parade, with a trumpetergoing ahead •. the butchers bringing up the rear,and the citiz.ens lining the way.When properly advertised in this fashion, theanimals were dressed and the meat carried tothe market on High Street, where the peoplehad to go to buy it.Twice a week the Quaker housewives walkedover to the markets with their baskets on their'arms-the only way they had of getting meat.* * *People do not have to follow fat animals downthe street today to get their daily meat.It is waiting for them" at their nearest dealer;whatever kind or cut they desire; fresh, sweet,wholesomejbrought often from great distances,by a thoroughly organized, but competitiveindustry that gathers together, prepares anddistributes the meat supply of the nation.Swift & Company has 23 packing plantslocated at strategic points throughout the coun­try, where live animals are received and turnedinto meat by modern, sanitary methods. Branchdistributing houses at consuming centers sup­ply retail dealers continuously.Direct refri·gerator car shipments serve countrypoints and towns not large enough to warrant branchhouses. ..Refriger at ion keeps the meat at a constant low tem­perature, from the time it is dressed until it reachesyour dealer's ice-box a few days later.All is planned and operated so scientifically thatthis food wealth is conveyed from where it is raised towhere it is needed at the lowest cost possible.Swift & Company profits from all sources are sosmall compared with the volume handled that theyare only a fraction ofa cent per pound, on the aver ag eSwift & Company. Founded 1868A nation-wide organization owned by more th an45,000 shareholders +-1-M��e::nt;-lBirths� Deaths.+ .--.U-I._ •• _ •• _I._.. __ • __ I-O- •• __ I_ •• ----+:martiage�A. J. Pixley, ex. '12, to Ruth Mary Badger,September 16, 1922. At home, Oak Park,Illinois.j ohn P. Galloway '15, I. D. '15, to MaryDonovan, April 26, 1922. At home, Fonddu Lac, Wisconsin.David Edward Shambaugh, ex. '15, toMaurine Reagan, February 3, 1923. Athome, Tucumcari, New Mexico.Mildred Aileen Maranville Smith '18, toAllen R. Dodd. At home, 439 West 123rdStreet, New York City.Gail Moulton '20, S. M. '22', to EstherBarnard '25, April 8. 1923. At home, Ver­million, South Dakota.Herbert O. (,'Fritz") Crisler '22, to Dor­othy Adams, '22, April 12, 1923. At home,1437 East 72nd Place, Chicago.(f:ngagement�I ames Austin Meriaul '12, to Della Patter­SOI11 '14.Miriam L. Wenner '17, to Clarence E.Irion '20. .Clarence Frank Gunsaulus Brown '19, toMarjorie Mitchell, of Chicago.Rose Crocker Cohn '21, to Samuel JHachtman, of Chicago.rsidb�To Albert Dudley Brokaw '08, Ph.D. '13,and Mrs. Brokaw (Clara Spohn) '09, a son,Richard Spohn, March 26, 1923, at Maple-wood, New Jersey. -To Mr. and Mrs. Arthur H. Leonard, J r.,(Kathryn von Pheel) ex. '13, a daughter,Kathryn,' December 26, 1922, at Wellesley,Massachusetts.To Mr. and Mrs. I ames W. Pearce(Lydia Lee) '14" a daughter, Helen Whit­man, August 2, 1922', at Chicago.To Willis A. Weld '21, and Mrs. Weld(Marion Moats) '18, a son, Walter Adair,in December 1922, at Davenport, Iowa.To Dr. and Mrs. Ralph A. Ries (Rose­Frances Kramer) '19, a daughter, Marjorie,February 7, 1923, at Chicago.To Mr. and Mrs. Earl Frank Roberts. (Mildred Irene Miles) Certificate '21, adaughter, Winifred Irene, 'February 26, 1923,at Macomb, Illinois.1Deatb�Henry Magee Adkinson '97, A.M. '97,May 1, 1923, at .his home in Salt Lake City.Mr. Adkinson was a mining engineer andprominent in civic and educational affairs.Mrs. Benjamin Bills (Beryl Gilbert '13),wife of Benjamin Bills '12, I.D. '15, Maj30, '1923, at her home, 8941 South Hoyneavenue, Beverly Hills, Chicago.':lLa,···'n·'·····t'.',e\.··�··d.,.',�'.'Y.,., 1.1.: • '."men 10find lhe answer\THIS is written to the Ulan who Ioves to seek theunknown quantity. He is the kind of laboratoryworker' who ventures into untried fields! of' experi­ment, rather than the lUan wbo tests materials.Industry has need .Oil' botb types,. but of· the formerthere is a. more pressing demand.College, men may have been discouraged from:pursuing pu]}e' research •. In this highly practical ageit may seem thefe is: Hittle room for work which doesnot have an immediste dollars:iand cents application.But suc'h is not, the: esse ..The pure research man is the pathfinder. With­out him our fountain O'f' knowledge would. dry up.His findings in may be uncommercial,hut they establish a field for ethers . to develep.Volta worked out the crude voltaic pile-unim.­portant until other men ilmp,roveti and �pp]ied it.And so with Papin in the field of steam, or Lavoisierin chemistry.Men of the inquiring slant of mind, stick to yourlast .. In post graduate study, on the faculty, in thelaboratory of some' industrial organization, there willalways be [;tn HX" to baffle :otne'l" men and call fol'the keenest thOllgbt of you blazers of the trail.P"b/;slled in',II, i"teresl 0/ Elec·'Incal D,�elop.ment by." I"stitulion tliat will6e kelpeJ ,b, ;wliat.,per kelps'tlieIndustry.This ·a'dv.edisem'en't is on:e .of a. series, in stUll'entpu,bt'ications. It m4Y. remind a·lumni o/·tl,eir opp.or··tunity to help the .u.nder:graduate, by suggestion andadvie:e, tQ' get more out of his /o."r years,. I!!>;,.! � ,,! :f;Ii'Ii' '�d1Jlcrica' 5 F inc stMen's ;Wear Stores"Dig Subways, Mayor Dever!WE"ViE got you sized up as a "go-getter," Mayor Dever. Your'rec,ord proves, that �ou'rea straight, shooter. Yom eye is clear,your .aim is, true, Alway's.a doer 0'£ deeds, yo,ur public life has. been dedicated to duty, Ri,�,ht IS might, a,nd might is. magnifi­cent, In your battle for subways, you'r'e. magniiicen'fy right. So, riddfethe �anks of th,e r:ea,ctio'naries. with the -artiU,ery 101£ action. Our ears eagerly'awah. the echo of th'e pick and the shovel.This grea:t ,city of "ours has grown 'like Aladdin's palace, Mayor Dever.We want'jlS, 'tile ne.ea suli.zVtlys", and we're geiing to have sub!w·ays. Pro­'cra'Siination is; a pIUer�r. Boring, tunneling and track-laying are thecrying need 'of now. You're a real chan:pion of the people's ri,ghts­eV,ery inch the mayo'r and the m�H�. We'fie wa,itin'g for the word "'Go,,"MayO'r Dever. It's up ,to you to aay it, a'hd kom that moment to theliais·n of the job, we're wich you to the last man.In every mothier"s son ·of us there dwells the .• , 1 Will'''' spirit that madeChi:c;ago great, May-of' Deser. To be a;ggr:es,sive, }/,'et dnjvalro'Us"'-sanguine,yet without ilha$:ion; to cherish a oivire pride that is loyal, but neverhH1nd-,rigntJeooUs. but free fTOlin. pietis,m; .these are id.eats treasured 'byma'ny 'of the bumbIDest of u.s�yet BothIng 1;0 service nor in 'lead.ershipdemands a iltigher standard of attainmear.Progress is cha:1irn.g at the bit. Let's go, Mayor Dever, let's go!