t k''■*fi :•*■PUBLISHED BY THEALUMNI COUNCILVol. XII No. 3 January, 1920BooksReady March 15A Short History ofBELGIUMBy Leon Van Der Essenof theUNIVERSITY OF LOUVAIN$1.50 — Postpaid — $1.60A Fascinating StoryThe author tells in an interestingway of the formation, struggles andtriumphs of the little kingdom.A new and enlarged edition, to bepublished March 15/ presents additional material on the reign' of Leopold II and describesThe Heroic Nation's Part in theGreat WarAlthough this is not a war book, itshows why the Belgian nation preferred honor in the place of dishonorand struggle, for freedom in place ofease.No one can understand nor appreciate tfye Belgium of today unless heknows something of its prolongedstruggle for unity and independence. Ready in MayIntroduction to thePeace TreatiesBy Arthur Scottof theUniversity of Chicago$2.00 — Postpaid — $2.15The purpose of the volume is togive the general reader an account of the background ' of thenegotiations and some explanation of the various settlementsreached, the reasons for them andthe criticisms expressed. Thebook will include a sufficient number of excerpts from the text ofthe treaty to make the text of thebook intelligible.Ready March 15thNew Impressions of Important BooksThe Psychology of Religion. By George A. Coe. $2.00, postpaid $2.15.The Place of Industries in Elementary Education. By Katherine E. Dopp. $1.50,postpaid $1.65.A Manual for Writers. By John A. Manly and John A. Powell. $1.50, postpaid$1.65.Literature in the Elementary School. By Porter L. MacClintock. $1.25. postpaid $1.40.A Short History of Belgium. By Ernest W. Clement. $1.50, postpaid $1.60.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS5859 Ellis Avenue CHICAGO, ILLINOISUntoersittp of Chicago jflap?ineEditor and Business Manager, Adolph G. Pierrot, '07.The Magazine is published monthly from November to July, inclusive, by The Alumni Council of TheUniversity of ' Chicago, 68th St. and Ellis Ave., Chicago, 111. flThe subscription price is' $2.00 per year;the price of single copies is 20 cents. UPostage is prepaid by the publishers on all orders from the UnitedStates, Mexico, Cuba, Porto Rico, Panama Canal Zone, Republic of Panama, Hawaiian Islands, PhilippineIslands, Guam, Samoan Islands, Shanghai. U Postage is charged extra as follows : For Canada, 18 centson annual subscriptions (total $2.18), on single copies, 2 cents (total 22 cents); for all other countries inthe Postal Union, 27 cents on annual subscriptions (total $2.27), on single copies, S cents (total 23 cents).H Remittances should be made payable to The Alumni Council and should be in the Chicago or New Yorkexchange, postal or express money order. If local check is used, 10 cents must be added for collection.Claims for missing numbers should be made within the month following the regular month of publication. The publishers expect to supply missing numbers free only when they have been lost in transit.All correspondence should be addressed to The Alumni Council, Box 9, Faculty Exchange, The University of Chicago, Chicago, 111.Entered as second-class matter December 10, 1914, at the Postoffice at Chicago, Illinois, under the Actof March 3, 1879.Vol. XII. CONTENTS FOR JANUARY, 1920 No. 3Frontispiece : Cardinal Mercier at the University.Events and Comment 85The Alumni Fund Campaign 87Alumni Affairs 88Looking Backward (By Elbert H. Sawyer) "89Cardinal Mercier at the University (By Edgar Johnson Goodspeed) 91Y. M. C. A. Work in the University (By Gerald Karr Smith) 94University Notes 96The Trustees (A Series of Biographies) 98Professor Starr's Trip to Japan 10°"The Letter Box (The Lille Appeal) 101Quadrangle News 103Athletics 10*Settlement Night 105School of Education (Kindergarten Primary Department) 106News of the Classes and Associations 11:LMarriages, Engagements, Births, Deaths 116-I -1 QBook Notices THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe Alumni Council of the University ofChicagoChairman, Frank McNair, '03.Secretary-Treasurer, Adolph G. Pierrot, '07.The Council for 1919-20 is composed of the following delegates :From the College Alumni Association, Term expires 1920, Leo F. Wormser, '05 ; Earl D.Hostetter, '07 ; John F. Moulds, '07 ; Mrs. Lois Kaufmann Markham, '08 ; RuthProsser, '16 ; Term expires 1921, Mrs. Agnes Cook Gale, '96 ; Scott Brown, '97 ;Emery Jackson, '02 ; Frank McNair, '03 ; Mrs. Ethel Kawin Bachrach, '11 ;Term expires 1922, Clarence Herschberger, -'98; Harold H. Swift, '07; MollieCarroll, '11; Hargrave Long, '12; Lawrence Whiting, ex-'13.From the Association of Doctors of Philosophy, Edward Scribner Ames, Ph.D., '95; Herbert E. Slaught, Ph.D., '98 ; H. L. Schoolcraft, Ph.D., '99.From the Divinity Alumni Association, Warren P. Behan, '97; Edgar J. Goodspeed, '97;Guy C. Crippen, '07.From the Law School Alumni Association, Jose W. Hoover, '07, J. D., '09; Alice Greenacre, '08, J. D., '11; Charles F. McElroy, J. D., '15.From the Chicago Alumni Club, Walker McLaury, '03; Earl D. Hostetter, '07; HarveyL. Harris, '14.From the Chicago Alumnae Club, Mrs. Ethel Kawin Bachrach, '11 ; Mrs. KatharineGannon Phemister, '07; Miss Agnes Sharp, '16.From the University, Henry Gordon Gale, '96, Ph. D., '99.Alumni Associations Represented in the Alumni Council:THE COLLEGE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, Frank McNair, '03, Harris Trust and Savings Bank, Chicago.' Secretary, Adolph G. Pierrot, '07, University of Chicago.ASSOCIATION OF DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHYPresident, Edward Scribner Ames, '95, University of Chicago.Secretary, Herbert E. Slaught, '98, University of Chicago.DIVINITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, John L. Jackson, '76, First Baptist Church, Bloomington, 111.Secretary, Guy Carlton Crippen, '07, D. B., '12, University of Chicago.LAW SCHOOL ASSOCIATIONPresident, Jose W. Hoover, '07, J. D., '09, 139 N. Clark St., Chicago.Secretary, Charles F. McElroy, J. D., '15, 1609 Westminster Bldg., Chicago.SCHOOL OF EDUCATION ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, Lewis Wilbur Smith, A. M., '13, Ph. D., '19, Joliet, 111.Secretary, Marjorie Hardy, '18, University of Chicago.All communications should be sent to the Secretary of the proper Association or to theAlumni Council, Faculty Exchange, University of Chicago.The dues for Membership in either one of the Associations named above, including subscriptions to the University of Chicago Magazine, are $2.00 per year. A holder of two or moredegrees from the University of Chicago may be a member of more than one Association; insuch instances the dues are divided and shared equally by the Associations involved.SECRETARIES 83—■■—■■——■I—Class Secretaries3. Herman von Hoist, 72 W. Adams St.1. Horace G. Lozier, 175 W. JacksonBlvd.5. Charlotte Foye, 5602 Kenwood Ave.6. Harry W. Stone, 10 S. LaSalle St.7. Scott Brown, 208 S. LaSalle St.8. John' F. Hagey, First National Bank.9. Josephine T. Allen, 4805 DorchesterAve. .0. Mrs. Davida Harper Eaton, 5744 Kimbark Ave.1. Marian Fairman, 4744 Kenwood Ave.2. Mrs. Ethel Remick McDowell, 6806Constance Ave.3. James M. Sheldon, 41 S. LaSalle St.4. Grace D. Howell, 205 S. Madison Ave.,La Grange, Illinois.5. Clara K. Taylor, 5838 Indiana Ave. '06. James D. Dickerson, 5636 Kenwood Ave.'07. Medora H. Googins, 5514 University Ave.'08. Wellington D. Jones, University ofChicago.'09. Mary E. Courtenay, 5330 Indiana Ave.'10. Eloise Kellogg, 5211 Woodlawn Ave.'11. William H. Kuh, 2001 Elston Ave.'12. Raymond J. Daly, 2223 E. 70th St.'13. James A. Donovan, 209 S. LaSalle St.'14. Howell W. Murray, 137 S. La Salle St.'15. George S. Lyman, 5220 Blackstone Ave.'16. Miss Dorsey Cummings,1154 E. 52ndSt.'17. Lyndon H. Lesch, Auditor's Office,University.'18. Carleton B. Adams, 427 E. 48th St.'19. Sarah J. Mulroy," 1533 E. Marquette Rd.All addresses are in Chicago unless otherwisestated.'Capital . . $200,000.00fturpfotf . . 20,000.00iBinbet £>tate &uperbi«tonWlviibtt&itv g>tate pattfc1354 <£ai$t 55th M., at aRibjjetooob CourtNearest $anfc to tfte Umbergitp (general RankingCabins* anb 3fabe£rtmentsfTN this neighborhood bank, conducted for and by Hyde Parkpeople, you have every essentialbanking facility at your command and3n gfobittona degree of personal attentionto your requirements whichmakes a genuineBANKING HOMEfor you.3% on SavingsChecking Accounts InvitedSound Investment Securities SoldAdvice and Counsel on Businessand Financial Problemsgladly extended.University of ChicagoMagazineVolume XII JANUARY, 1920 No. 3Events and CommentBy James Weber Linn, 'ojIf you wish to know what the colleges arereally interested in, publish a little articleon athletics. Mine inAn Apology the December issue ofthe Magazine has beendelightfully productive of comment. I wascalled an "able critic" in Iowa, and a "spoof"in Ohio. N. F. Smith, '09 (see elsewhere inthe magazine) thinks I should be sued forcriminal libel, and an anonymous correspondent tells me that if I appear on thecampus at Washington and Jefferson andam "identified," I shall be tarred and feathered. It is precisely because the collegesare interested, really interested, in athletics,that its status is in so many institutions solow. To make any statement of its condition is dangerous. Generalities are permissible; but stop there unless you are preparedto face the courts. At the meeting of theNational College Athletic Association inNew York it was freely stated that onlyone Pennsylvania institution was honest inathletics. Notice the one. It excluded amultitude of suits. But I withdraw. I announce my conviction that all colleges arehonest. Alumni never pay young men togo to college and play football. Scholasticstandards for athletes are maintained every-where(I honestly believe they are, by theway, at Pittsburgh; I have had a letter andevidence that convinces me, and I wish tosay so publicly.) I think that to the pureall things are pure; and either I have be come pure, or else I am afraid I shall be"indentified" and the government will deportme. I don't quite know which.Lee Howard Alumni Bulletin laments thefact that only $11,000,000 of its $15,000,000alumni v fund has beenTo Pay raised so far and thatYour Debt one graduate in threehas been subscribed toit. Yet that showing is amazing. In thefinal Liberty Bond campaign, with the nation at stake and an investment offered thebest in the world, not more than one in fiveof the inhabitants subscribed. Howard hasdone infinitely better than the nation did.Why? Because she organized for the effort.And she could organize because her Alumni Association was in such splendid workingorder.To accomplish results for Chicago, ourAssociation must be organized. To be organized, it must be endowed. The Endowment Fund to this end is essential. A number have given generously. But it is thecontributions of the many that will carry itto success. Every man or woman who hastaken advantage of the opportunities offeredby Chicago owes a debt, through Chicago,to society. The first concrete chance to paythat debt, or part of it, is offered throughthe Endowment Fund of the Alumni Association.UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe Centre College Football TeamIn the December number of the Magazine,in an editorial on "Professional Athletes,"appeared a reference to th« 1919 footballteam of Centre College, Kentucky. Thestatements objected to, in the following letters, were made in a signed article and theresponsibility for them must rest upon theauthor of the article and not upon theMagazine. It is the desire, however, bothof the Editor and of the author of thearticle, that the matter be fairly presented,and to that end we are glad to publishherewith a letter from an alumnus and aletter from President Ganfield of CentreCollege, as well as other material bearingdirectly on the subject.THE CITADELThe Military College of South CarolinaCharlestonDec. 22, 1919.The Editor,University of Chicago Magazine,Chicago, 111.Dear Sir:The December number of the Magazinehas just come to my hand. On page 46, inan editorial on Professional athletics I readthis statement: "Centre College of Kentucky . . . was represented chiefly byprofessionals disguised as students." It is agrave matter for the Editor of a reputablemagazine to make such a charge as this.To make the charge without being able toprove it ought to be a basis for criminallibel. The reputation of a college is no lesssacred tnan tnat of an individual. I mustassume therefore that you are able to substantiate this charge.I am a graduate of the University of Chicago and taught for ten years in CentreCollege. I know personally most of themen on this year's team, but I know betterthe spirit of the institution and the strongstand it has maintained for clean athletics.To imply that the men who representedCentre on the football field are "aspiringyoung coal miners" is too serious a matterto pass unnoticed.In view of these facts, I think it is onlyfair to ask you to send me a statement ofthe basis for your assertion. Convincingproof must be presented to satisfy anvinewho knows Centre College. I am sendingthe article in question to President W. A.Ganfield of Centre College.Awaiting your reply, I amVery truly yours,N. F. Smith (Ph. D„ '09). CENTRE COLLEGEDanville, KentuckyDecember 31, 1919.Mr. Adolph Pierrot,Chicago.My dear Mr. Pierrot:A copy of your magazine has just cometo our attention, and we find on page 46of the December number under the caption"Professional Athletes," this statement:"Centre College, of Kentucky, which wonfavor enough this fall to secure a place onHarvard's schedule next season, was represented chiefly by professionals disguised asstudents."I think after reading the enclosed article,you will be inclined to regret that such astatement as the above ever appeared inyour paper, especially as it is absolutelyuntrue.I cannot help thinking that a sense of fairplay will impel you to write another articleand give it equal prominence, clearing thename of this little College that has had sucha hard fight to achieve what it has.We should very much appreciate a copyof your paper should you see fit to give usa square deal in your next issue.Thanking you for your courtesy, I amVery sincerely yours,(Signed) W. A. Ganfield,President.The Athenaeum, a publication at the University of West Virginia, whence thecharges of professionalism against CentreCollege appear to have originated, states:Centre College has proved that its football team this season was made up of bonafide students — and has proved it to the satisfaction of all the prominent footballcritics and authorities and to the public ingeneral. As a consequence the eleven representing the little Kentucky college hasbeen acclaimed the sensation of the seasonand heralded by many sport writers as thechampions of the United States. * * *It is a case of hasty adverse criticism reacting to the advantage of the one criticized.Today every one in America interested infootball knows all about Centre College,and the college has received the distinctionof having two players selected by WalterCamp on his first Ail-American eleven andCentre College has been given a place onHarvard's schedule next year.In addition to all this, the FairmontTimes has retracted its charge that ringerswere played against West Virginia.(Continued on page 119)ALUMNI FUND CAMPAIGN 87THE ALUMNI FUND CAMPAIGN■ua^— aa— aa^— aa^— aa— aa— aa^— aa^— Ba^— aa— bm— aa— .aa— aa^— aa^— aa^— iw— aa— ^— i,a^— na— un— an— aa— -aa—A Letter to All AlumniThe Alumni Fund campaign progressessatisfactorily. One of its most pleasingand encouraging aspects is the obviouslyreal and frequently eager desire on thepart of both graduates and ex-students tobe a part of any movement which givespromise of being of either spiritual or material help to the University. From whatI have heard and seen during the campaignthere is no doubt in my mind, as therenever was, as to where the Alumni standin their affection for and their interest :nthe University.You would be interested in the manycomments if it were possible to give them,but two at least you should have — onefrom President Judson and the other fromMr. Ryerson. They follow:"Your favor of the 21st at hand."I am very much interested in theplans of the Alumni Council, which Iam sure will be of great value to theUniversity. By value I do not meanmerely the financial question involvedin the campaign for the Alumni Fund.It means keeping the knowledge andinterest of the Alumni alive in AlmaMater and that is one of the most vitalthings for the future of the Universitythat I can imagine. The fund certainly ought to be secured at an earlydate, and I am sure you will have nodifficulty. While the University hasalways been glad to do all it could tohelp the Alumni in their various activities, it is plain that the time has comewhen the Alumni can take things intotheir own hands and the greater cooperation between the ' University andthe Alumni will in every way makesure the years to come. The Treasurer of the University will, I am sure,be glad to hold the funds and theywill receive the same care and have thesame safety as all other Universityendowments."Very truly yours,(Signed) "H. P. Judson.""I have your letter of the 21st informing me of the movement to raisean endowment fund for the Alumni Association of the University of Chicago.I am very glad to know that this movement has been undertaken under suchfavorable auspices; it is of the greatestimportance to the University andshould enlist the enthusiastic supportof all former students who have at heartthe welfare of their Alma Mater. It is an essential step in promoting acloser organization of our Alumni andimparting a consciousness of strengthas well as common purpose. Thefuture of the University will dependmore and more upon its Alumni, and,therefore, no means should beneglected of supplementing the affection they undoubtedly feel with an increasing sense of responsibility to theinstitution and through it to the community."With cordial good wishes for yoursuccess, I remain,"Very sincerely yours,(Signed) "Martin A. Ryerson."* * *The President, members of the Faculty,men and wo Tien Alumni of both the oldand new Universities and from all sectionsof the country, have been most generousin their offers to be of any assistance possible, and Professor Shailer Matthews tooka train to Cleveland on a few hours' noticeto be present at a meeting in Cleveland ofwhich he had late notice; and he also covered the matter in Seattle recently. DeanNathaniel Butler spent most of the fall inalumni club work throughout the country,and he, of course, has taken occasion todiscuss the Alumni Fund. Many men andwomen here in Chicago and throughout thecountry are making personal calls andwriting letters to supplement the campaign;and members of the Board of Trusteeshave subscribed to the Fund as have someof the men of the Feculty who themselvesare not Alumni of the University.In the matter of subscriptions, we haveto date $65,000. These subscriptions arefrom 241 men and 192 women, a total of433. With the special work which we intend to carry on the rest of this month.we are rather confident that by the end ofthe month this amount will be $100,000.This is about what the committee expectedto have at this stage of the campaign. Theresult by classes will be announced in theFebruary issue.Payments are being promptly invested inFourth Liberty 4J^s, which are depositedwith the Treasurer of the University. Lastweek we bought $4,800 of bonds and thisweek we expect to buy $12,000^ additionalfrom moneys in hand. In addition to thisthere are government bonds which havebeen given in payment. Quite a numberof subscribers apparently have been waiting for a bill for the first installment ontheir subscription. It has not been the in-(Continued on page 103)THE UNIVERSITY OF*_.,_.._..—,.—.._..—.._.._.._..—„—.._«.—.+| Alumni Affairs |New Cincinnati Alumni ClubA dinner was arranged for Thursdayevening, December 18, to be held in Mc-Micken Hall, University of Cincinnati.Thirty-one graduates and former studentsof the various departments of the University of Chicago accepted the invitation, andtwenty-six were present. Since only. forty-one Chicagoans in Cincinnati were tracedthis is to be considered a good showing.A snowstorm outside did not lessen thewarmth of the reception given to Dr.Nathaniel Butler. He was his usual self ofcordiality and good will.There was a brief reception to Dr. Butler and a substantial but not elaborate dinner similar to those we used to have inthe U. of C. Commons was served. Themeeting was called to order by Dr. E. L.Talbert, of the University of Cincinnati,and a speech in Dr. Butler's best mannerwas given. Dr. Butler spoke of the present needs of the University, and what aUniversity of Chicago Club might accomplish for its own sake, and for its AlmaMater. A suggestion that former University of Chicago students, as an organization, could stand in the community forcivic projects was especially well received.After a one-minute speech by each member present, a committee composed ofAnna E. Peterson, '99; Jessie B. Strate, '09;Esther Godshaw, '09; R. C. McGrane, '15;E. L. Talbert, '02, was appointed withpower to propose permanent officers, toprepare a constitution and to arrange fora meeting to be held in the spring.The list of University of Chicago peoplewho accepted invitations follows (unfortunately Dr. H. L. Wieman, Dr. G. A. Taw-ney, Dr. and Mrs. H. M. Goettsch, Mr.Wade C. Barclay and Miss Mary E. Chaneycould not be present) : Mr. Wade C. Barclay, Mrs. Wade C. Barclay, Dr. NathanielButler, Mr. J. A. Caldwell, Dr. W. A. Crowley, Mrs. W. A. Crowley, Miss KatharineDensford, Mr. Charles Diserens, Dr. NevinFenneman, Miss Emma Frick, Miss EstherGodshaw, Dr. Henry Goettsch, Mrs. HenryGoettsch, Dr. Elmer C. Griffith, Mrs. Elmer C. Griffith, Miss Mary Knight, Dr.Reginald McGrane, Miss Gertrude E. Nelson, Miss Anna L. Peterson, Miss LouiseRobb, Miss Louise Spilman, Rev. W. T.Stockstill, Miss Irma Stoehr, Miss JessieStrate. Dr. Ernest Talbert, Mrs. Ernest Talbert, Dr. Shiro Tashiro, Dr. G. A. Tawney,Mrs. G. A. Tawney, Miss Bertha Ward,Dr. H. L. Wieman.It was the concensus of opinion that themeeting was worth while, and that it wasan outward expression of loyalty to theCity Gray, a loyalty which deepens as theyears go by. Esther Godshaw, 'Ofl. CHICAGO MAGAZINEOther Alumni Club MeetingsOn November 8th an alumni club wasorganized at Wichita, Kansas, BenjaminTruesdell, '16, being elected president.Dean Shailer Mathews addressed the meeting, at which about fifty were present; theidea of holding public lectures under theauspices of the club was greatly favored.The Wichita club plans another meetingduring the winter, probably in January.At Emporia, Kansas, on November 12th,Dean Butler addressed a meeting of forty-nine alumni, which, in proportion to population, was a "record-breaker" for attendance. A definite club organization waseffected, the following officers being elected:President, Pelagius Williams, A. M., '07,of the State Normal School; vice-president,L. A. Lowther, ex., who is City Superintendent; secretary-treasurer, Roy Miller,ex. The executive committee consists ofthese officers and Mrs. Willis Kerr andRichard Teichgraber.At Lawrence, Kansas, on November 13th,the meeting addressed by Dr. Butlershowed twenty-four in attendance. A largepercentage were members of the faculty ofthe University of Kansas. The sentimentwas strongly in favor of strong club organization, and a plan for such local organization was adopted. Professor A. T.Walker, Ph. D., '98, of the departmentof Latin at the state university, was electedpresident; the Rev. Mr. I. F. Jennings,'16, D. B., '17, pastor of the LawrenceBaptist Church, was elected secretary. Theclub will attempt some definite program.The Kansas City alumni held a meetingon November 14th, to meet with Dr. Butler; about twenty-five were present, andan alumni club was organized. John S.Wright, '06, J. D., '07, was elected president; W. K. Upjohn, '07, vice-president;and, as secretary-treasurer, Miss Adela C.Van Horn, '13. Miss Bayne, ex., and In-graham D. Hook, '06, were chosen as members, with the officers, of the executivecommittee.On December 11th, the Cleveland, Ohio,alumni held a meeting at the Statler Hotel, which was addressed by Dean Mathews.Over twenty were present, and both cluborganization and the alumni fund were discussed. All present were much interestedand impressed by the presentation of university and alumni affairs and purposes byDean Mathews, and all were heartily in favor of forming a Cleveland Alumni Club.A committee was appointed to take stepstoward a permanent organization; WalterS. Kassulker, '12, was chosen chairmanof this committee. The prospects are vervfavorable for a strong club in Cleveland.BACKWARD 89Looking Backward IBy Elbert H. Sawyer, '73 !Colonel Henry Waterson's recently published memoirs disclosed many pleasingepisodes and reveals some thrilling incidents, in the latter of which it was myfortune to share. But nothing clings morevividly to my memory than the great fireof Chicago. The University pictured in theNovember issue of the Magazine, and theSeminary adjoining, were the pride of Chicago in those by-gone days. For a timeon that fateful October night our institutions seemed about to suffer the doom ofthe great City of the Lakes.As one of the oldest living alumni I maybe permitted reference to the incident.The Divinity students were supplying achurch on the west side, near Dekovenstreet. I had preached there in the evening, and gone home when, as the legendsays, "a kicking cow overturned the lampof a milk maid" and sent the flames rollingdown toward the Chicago river. The firedepartment was quickly in position to resistthe coming fire, but the flames leaped acrossthe river and beat down all opposition. Thecity was doomed. As the flames were advancing on the center of the city some ofus students went down to the Palmer Houseand witnessed the ravages of this terribledestruction. We were soon driven fromState street, and with the fleeing populacesought refuge on the lake shore.That scene is beyond description. Delicate women and frail children, who hadescaped from their burning homes, perishedon the sands of the lake shore. Men, maddened by grief at loss of family and homeand business, raved amid the ruins, and satin mute horror with their dead. During thiswild orgy of devouring flame I stood fora few minutes beside the manager of ourPublication Society. Dr. Blackall said tome, "Since midnight my home and businesshave been swept away." Going up onMichigan avenue, I met' Dr. Thomas W.Goodsoeech later Secretary of the University. He mentions our meeting in the "History of the Great Fire." On Monday night,with several students, I went through thesmouldering ruins of the city to the riverbelow Madison street. A vessel, at thispoint, having escaped destruction, I climbedthe rigging and from the cross-trees tooka view of the fire still racing toward thenorth.Looters were already abroad in the city.and we were once held up at the point ofrevolvers, but escaped without harm. The fire had destroyed valuable resourcesof our own institution and had impoverishedmany of our benevolent city friends. Toprevent the closing of the session at thattime, aid was sought outside. I was chosento visit distant parts of the state and toaccept contributions which helped us tocarry on. For general relief, generousgifts of money came in from all parts ofthe world.After graduation I accepted a pastorate inSt. Louis. Some years later the agitationbegan for the removal of the Old University to Hyde Park, and for the assumptionof- the Seminary as the Divinity School ofthe new University of Chicago. About thattime I was called to Chicago as a memberof the Examining Board and while attending to the duties of that office was in closeconference for several days with the menwho led in this great educational project.My good friends, President Harper andSecretary Goodspeed, were most influential,as is generally known, in securing the cooperation of Mr. Rockefeller in the newfoundation of the University of Chicago.May we show our appreciation of what theydid by ourselves doing what we can tomake this institution of the highest valueto coming generations.(Editor's Note: Mr. Sawyer has taken a Life Membership in our Alumni Association.)[MIM(M[M!MfMfEIM[Mr[l.lMfHMIMiMTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMERCIER AT THE UNIVERSITY 91Cardinal Mercier at the UniversityBy Edgar Johnson Goodspeed(From The University Record)On October 22 Cardinal Mercier visitedthe University, and the degree of Doctorof Laws was conferred upon1 him at aspecial convocation, the one hundred andthirteenth, in Mandel Hall. The occasionwas a memorable one in the history of theUniversity.The Cardinal, with Archbishop Munde-lein and the other members of his party,escorted by Professor Edgar J. Goodspeed,arrived at the University a little before 3o'clock. The afternoon was mild and fine,and the drive into Harper Court was linedwith expectant crowds. Leaving the motorsin front of Haskell Oriental Museum, theparty was received by Professor Robertsonand escorted to the Harper MemorialLibrary, on the steps of which they werereceived by President Judson. From thePresident's Office in Harper the Cardinaland the other guests were escorted throughHarper Court across the main quadrangleand Hutchinson Court to Mandel Hall bythe Faculties, Senate and Trustees of theUniversity in cap and gown.. The procession was headed by the University Band,playing Mendelssohn's "War March of thePriests," from "Athalie." It was remarkedthat the Faculty procession was unusually,perhaps unprecedentedly, large. Everyonewanted to see the Cardinal and do himhonor. The procession was bright withcolored hoods, and its way across thequadrangles was lined on both sides bycontinuous crowds of people young andold who broke into applause as they caughtsight of the Cardinal walking last withPresident Judson. It was a happy day forthe photographer, and there were camerasin plenty, journalistic, official, and amateur.It is. safe to say that the Cardinal wasphotographed not less than a hundred timesbetween Harper and Mandel.Mandel has probably never held a morerepresentative audience than that whichfilled it to the last seat when the CollegeAides and Marshals, representing the student body in the procession, entered it alittle after three, to the music of a Belgianmass of the fifteenth century. The rectorof the neighboring Church of St. Thomasthe Apostle, the Reverend Father Shannon,an alumnus of the University, acted asConvocation Chaplain. The Cardinal waspresented to the President as a candidatefor the degree of Doctor of Laws by Professor Albion W. Small, the Dean of theGraduate School of Arts and Literature.It was a great moment when the tall, spare,slightly stooping figure, so like a medieval saint, stood before the President to receivethe degree. But the applause waited untilthe President had read the address to thecandidate and had placed in the hands ofthe Cardinal the diploma and the doctor'shood. Then it burst forth. In its enthusiasm the audience rose to its feet andcontinued to applaud as the Cardinal returned to his seat and for some time after.When a moment later he was introducedby President Judson to speak, the audienceagain rose to applaud, as it did in fact atevery opportunity through the exercises.The Cardinal spoke with the greatest tact,simplicity, and feeling. His face, sometimesalmost stern in its austerity, softened ashe spoke of Belgium and his hope for agood understanding between his countryand ours, and between the Belgian universities and the American. His plea to thestudents of the University to respond tothe moral challenge of the war was atouching and winning appeal. Behind allhe said the audience felt the great, simple,kindly personality that had stood forth soheroically in those dark years in Belgiumand won the respect and admiration of theworld.A unique and delightful feature of theoccasion followed the Cardinal's address.Dr. Frank Wakely Gunsaulus, Presidentof Armour Institute of Technology andProfessorial Lecturer in the University ofChicago, presented to the Cardinal for theUniversity of Louvain two incunabula ofextraordinary rarity and interest; on behalf of the University of Chicago, a copy ofthe Catholicon of Balbus, printed in 1466;and on behalf of the Armour Institute, thefirst edition of Euclid's Elements, printedin 1482. It was evident that this expression of friendship to his own University ofLouvain touched the Cardinal deeply, andhe expressed his thanks to Dr. Gunsaulusvery simply and sincerely. The gift andits acceptance made the friendship of thetwo universities, of which the Cardinal hadspoken, seem more real, for the books weresuch as any university might prize asamong its rarest early printings.In conferring the degree President Judson said:Your Eminence, Desire Mercier,Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church,Professor of Philosophy, Archbishopof Malines, lofty in character, eminentin scholarship, learned and acute criticof philosophical systems, profoundthinker upon ultimate problems oftruth and reality, calm and fearlessTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEwitness to the majesty of right, undaunted leader of a harassed flock,who steadfast in will and untiring ineffort nobly strengthened the hearts ofa suffering people, exemplifying andvindicating in its fulness the dignityof the function of Christian pastor, onnomination of the University Senate,by authority of the Board of Trustees,I confer upon you the honorary degreeof Doctor of Laws in this University,with all the rights and privilegesthereto appertaining.After the degree had been conferred thePresident introduced the Cardinal in thefollowing words:The University has had as its guestMarshal Joffre, peerless soldier of theMarne. Today we are proud to haveas our guest another of the great figures of the war for humanity, the peerless priest of Belgium. But we thinkof him not as a priest only; we holdhim as one of the foremost of thatgroup of statesmen and soldiers who,by their toil and genius, won the greatvictory which has saved civilization inthese last few years. He is not a priestonly, but, in a very real sense, he is agreat soldier of humanity and a greatstatesman.It is easy to join in enthusiasm whenall are of one accord, but the test cameto the Cardinal when in his country thetriumph of evil seemed assured, whenin that little state a relentless powertrod under foot all the dictates ofhumanity and chivalry. Then he neverfor a moment yielded;, he never for amoment failed in his duty to his people.One can think of the arrogant headof the then victorious state crying,like Henry the Second of England ofanother prelate: "Will no one rid meof this turbulent priest?" But in Belgium no one dared. The Cardinal waslike a granite rock on our New England coast. The surf dashes over it,storm clouds surround it, but in theend the sun breaks through and thecrag, stands serene, unharmed, immutable.The University, in honoring ourguest today, feels that, it is itself honored, and it rejoices to join with otherAmerican institutions of learning inclaiming him as its son. Members andguests of the University, the Cardinal.The Cardinal was received with great enthusiasm and spoke as follows:Mr. President, Colleagues, Friends,Ladies and Gentlemen, and Studentsof the University:When I left my country some weeksago, one of my first ideas was to bringto the institutions of higher learningin the United States a tribute of myadmiration and of my fraternal sym pathy. I knew since my youth that theuniversities are the powerful levers forintellectual and moral improvement.I have spent twenty-five years of mylife as pr.ofessor in the University ofLouvain, and now that that center ofscience and morality has been sogreatly damaged, I have felt a specialwish to be in touch with your livingand flourishing centers of intellectualactivity. And therefore I am so happyto be here today. I thank the Chancellor and the President of this University for having invited me to comehere. I thank them especially for thegreat honor I have received from theirhands, to be enrolled on the list oftheir illustrious alumni, and to be considered as one of them. On my side,I shall keep this diploma with respectand gratitude, not only as a symbol ofesteem for my country, but, I thinkI may say, as a wish of stronger friendship and love between our Universityof Louvain and this one — between ourcountry and your country.I know what the universities havedone during those four years in molding public opinion and in nourishingpatriotism in your country. Last nightI had the opportunity of telling beforea great meeting that America couldnot enter into the war until publicopinion was won to the idea, and Ithink I say what the reality is, whenI say that the universities of America —very especially the University of Chicago — were among the chief factors informing public opinion for our common cause and making possible thefinal triumph against the Central Empires. Therefore I offer to the University of Chicago the tribute not onlyof admiration but of deep gratitude.I should like to say a few words tothe young students here present and tothose who did not find a place in thishall. I should like to say what is themost impressive result of the war onmy country. I consider the young menof our universities, of our seminaries,and of our colleges — I consider themas the great hope of Christian civilization for the future, and I like to tellthem that I think never in history ageneration has risen which has receivedfrom the events of the time and finallyfrom God's Providence, more clear,more strong lessons of education thanthey have received and you have received during this war.You have had before your eyes twobanners, one banner which was stainedwith innocent blood, darkened withpoisoned gases, and blackened by theashes of all the churches and schoolsburned and destroyed during this war.And on the other banner you have seenMERCIER AT THE UNIVERSITYand you have read, and you may readevery day, the words of self-sacrificefor justice, for righteousness, for honesty and for truth.Young students, you are to makeyour choice in your souls from thismoment and for the future, and I amsure you will follow the example ofyour great nation of America, and youwill for the future understand that lifeis not given you to enjoy at this present time, but that life is given to youto fulfill a duty, and your duty is thesacrifice of all that duty requires fromyou for the welfare of Christian civilization.This, my dear young people, is mywish, this is the matter of my prayersfor you, this is our hope for the nobleadvancement of your university, ofyour great nation, and for the wholecivilization of the Christian world.Accept these brief words as the expression of my intimate feelings. WhenI shall go home I shall take with me theremembrance of this so distinguishedgathering. I shall say to my peoplehow I have been welcomed in thisgreat scientific institution of Chicago.And I am sure, when I shall tell themsomething of what I have seen withmy own eyes, something of what Ihave heard here, something of what Ihave been witness of, my people will beencouraged and will have for yousomething of the deep feeling of esteem, gratitude, admiration, and I maysay of love, that I have in my heartnow and will have in the future for youall, for Chicago, and especially for thisUniversity of Chicago.After the Cardinal's address the President announced the gift of two rare booksto the Cardinal for the University of Louvain and introduced Dr. Frank WakelyGunsaulus to make the presentation on behalf of the Armour Institute of Technologyand of the University. When Dr. Gunsaulus presented the books to him the Cardinalrose and examined them with undisguisedinterest, and the picture of these two accomplished book-lovers with the old booksbetween them was a striking and memorable one. In presenting the books Dr.Gunsaulus said:Your Eminence, Cardinal Mercier, onthat terrible night in Louvain, whenthe winds were carrying the leaves ofyour precious manuscripts hither andthither, and when the leaves of notless precious books were being borneto destruction, crisping with flame,there were at least two rare and ancientbooks which we are certain now fromthe study of your catalogue, and fromcloser understanding of the events of that evening of terror, fire, and destruction, were among those which havegone forever.The first of these books was one ofsix copies which the world possesses,the Catholicon of Balbus. I have nodoubt, sir, but that your own handshave touched in other days anothercopy of this great work. It wasprinted, as I need not tell His Eminence, but the audience may desire toknow, in 1466, from wooden typebrought from your own Belgium toa printing press in Venice. It representsthat mighty movement in which theuniversity, of which you have been soshining a light, played such a prominent part. That university possessed very many specimens of rareand valuable books. No one canknow, my friends, except this greatguest of this University, what has beenthe loss and how deep the wound tohim and to learning on that night ofdestruction in Louvain.The University of Chicago, from itsincunabula, containing more than onehundred specimens, has selected this,its finest volume, to send by your handsto your university, that there may bebegun now, if it had not been begunearlier, such a collection as will remindyou of the great days of the past. And Ihave the honor, in the name of theArmour Institute of Technology, whichcontributed hundreds of engineers tothe winning of the great war betweenautocracy and democracy, to presentto your Eminence, for the Universityof Louvain, the first edition of Euclid'sElements, printed in 1482. With it wepresent also our great esteem and ourprofound affection.In accepting the books from Dr. Gunsaulus, the Cardinal said:My colleagues, I need not say toyou that I am deeply moved, not onlyby your generosity, but especially bythis disposition to give us two of your"own most important volumes for theuse of our library. This generosityand great kindness of heart touchesme deeply, and I shall be your spokesman to my colleagues in the Universityof Louvain, who, I am sure, will bemoved as I am by this attention.When at the close of the "Star-SpangledBanner" the organ struck into the Belgiannational anthem, the Cardinal's face wasseen to brighten with interest and pleasure.A moment later, in a low, hardly audible,voice he pronounced the simplest of Latinbenedictions and brought the one hundredand thirteenth convocation to a close. Andit is as a benediction that his presence atthe University will always be remembered.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE! Y. M. C. A. Work at the Universitys By Gerald Karr SmithII[Gerald Karr Smith, who has kindly prepared this article on the Y. M. C. A. Workin the University, is a graduate of OhioWesleyan University, A. B., 1904. Since hisgraduation, for a period of fifteen years,he has been engaged in Y. M. C. A. work.He has held positions in that organizationat Chattanooga, Tenn., Washington, D. C,Winston Salem, North Carolina, and Vin-cennes, Indiana. During the war, for aperiod of seventeen months before comingto the University of Chicago, Mr. Smithwas Business Secretary for the "Y" atCamp Taylor, Kentucky. He is a man ofwide experience and success in his field.He entered upon his duties as Y. M. C. A.Secretary at the University last fall, andfrom the beginning of his work markedprogress and interest in Y. M. C. A. workand activities have been strongly in evidence on the Quadrangles. The editor isglad to present his brief sketch of thiswork, for the alumni, in this issue.]The interest which the University ofChicago Alumni always have in campusorganizations and activities will find gratification in the present status of the University Y. M. C. A. The Faculty memberswho have longest been associated with thisorganization say that it is showing moresigns of vitality than in many years.The material equipment has been considerably enlarged and alumni who thinkof it in terms of the "Y Office" must nowthink of a suite of four large rooms inEllis. A comfortable lounge was provided in Ellis 1, after the S. A. T. C. daysof last year, and here the men gather allday to use the magazines, piano, games,chairs and couches and the fine Brunswicktalking machine. Across the hall a biggame room is providing pocket billiards,checkers, chess, dominoes and comfortablelounging quarters between classes. A thirdroom is fitted with tables and attractivetable lamps for a study and correspondenceroom, and the Association is furnishingstationery free to all its members. Ellis 3is used for lectures and various smallergatherings.In the beginning of the fall quarter aspecial effort was made to serve the newstudents. Upper class counsellors wereprovided for all freshmen who desired themand stag receptions and a series of Freshman luncheons in Hutchinson Cafe furnished opportunity for the new men tomeet each other and to learn songs, yells, history and spirit of the school. Theluncheons were addressed by the President, Shailer Mathews, "Teddy" Linn and"Old Man Stagg" — so good advice and theright spirit was poured into the new menby the Faculty's best.A feature which called for special favorable comment during the fall quarters wasa series of "Pep Meetings" preceding theleading football games. By considerablevariety in these affairs the Associationdrew large crowds and succeeded in stirring up fine enthusiasm, which was a striking answer to the often-heard criticism thatthe University lacks real college spirit.One night a great torchlight processionwound its way through the Quadranglesand ended with speeches, songs and yellsat the "C Bench," and the night beforethe Wisconsin game a great bonfire onStagg Field lighted Hyde Park for a milearound and was the center for the activityof some two thousand yelling, singing,snake-dancing undergraduates who cheeredthe team on to (near) victory the nextday.The Association has done considerablein tying the men of the school to theirchurches in the neighborhood. Hundredsof men have been introduced to theirchurches and most of the congregationshave arranged special programs, both socialand religious, to meet the needs of thestudents.The foreign students have had attention,too, and during the winter quarter a seriesof social evenings will be held in HydePark homes for each of the larger nationalgroups represented at the University.Tuesday afternoons have been given todiscussions of various topics, led by Facultyand professional men; and during the winter quarter these discussions will be supplanted by the larger "World ProblemsForum," which will be held each Tuesdayin Harper Assembly. Men acquaintedwith other lands will lead in a discussionof the peculiar needs of those countries;and it is expected that this feature, whichproved so popular last year, will again beone of the big events of the school year.The University was represented at thequadrennial Convention of the StudentVolunteer Movement at Des Moines during the holidays by nearly one hundred students. The Y. M. C. A. and the Y. W.C. A. were responsible for securing thissplendid delegation — and, in most cases, forsecuring the finances necessary to send themen and women who attended. At theM. C. A. I CORK AT THE UNIVERSITYLake Geneva Conference in June, 1919, theUniversity of Chicago delegation was thelargest and was awarded a silk banner intoken of the fact. So the Association iskeeping the school in a high place amongthe other universities and colleges of thecountry, and is rendering a fine type ofservice in the way of publicity that meansmuch for our institution.Bible discussion groups in the fraternityhouses are meeting with fine success. Atpresent there are such weekly gatheringsin about half of the fraternities, and before this quarter is ended practically all ofthe houses will be so organized. One mealhour a week is taken for a serious andconstructive discussion of some topic, finding if possible what the principles of Christianity may be on the question. Studentleaders are used by most of the groups. Itis hoped that the idea may be soon carriedinto the dormitories and other living units.Alumni will be glad to know that theinterest in social service at the Universityhas not abated and that more men havebeen placed in volunteer positions at the Settlement, South Chicago, Boy Scouttroops, etc., than in many years. Twenty-five men are taking a special course inScoutmaster's training, in order to be better fitted to fill such positions.The Deputation Teams have held several meetings in Chicago churches and arein readiness to serve any young people'ssocieties or churches that may need theirassistance. The teams are composed ofmusicians, song leaders and speakers, andare able to present very attractive programs. Incidentally this work is giving anumber of young men some very fine experience in appearing before the public.Doubtless a visitor to the Y quartersin Ellis will be most impressed by theconstant stream of young men who seekthe counsel and friendship of the Secretary.That is a feature which cannot be reportedin statistics and whose results cannot betabulated and passed on to the Alumni, butthere can be no doubt that the Associationis meaning very much in the lives of hundreds of the students at the Universitythis year.GEORGE E. VINCENT, Ph.D., '96The picture shows former Dean Vincent, nowPresident of the Rockefeller Foundation, while ona visit last summer to educational institutions inChina. (Cut by courtesy of Yale Alumni Weekly.)aa^— aa— flajaUNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEUniversity Notes -*IEmilio de GogorzaIn the program for the present concertseason conducted by The University Orchestral Association is a recital by Emiliode Gogorza, baritone, on Tuesday, January 27, at 4, in Leon Mandel AssemblyHall. Many critics regard de Gogorza asa recital and concert artist without a peer.The judges in the first competition forthe John Billings Fiske Prize in Poetry atthe University of Chicago have been announced: John Matthews Manly, Head ofthe Department of English, editor of ananthology of "English Poetry;" HenryBlake Fuller, critic, novelist, and poet, author of "The Cliff-Dwellers," "Chevalierof Pensieri-Vani," and "Lines Long andShort;" and Edgar Lee Masters, author of"The Spoon River Anthology," "Towardsthe Gulf," and "The Great Valley." Thecompetition, which is open to all graduate and under-graduate students alike, is toclose on January 5. This annual poetryprize, of approximately fifty dollars, wasestablished by Horace Spencer Fiske, ofthe University of Chicago Press, in memory of his father, an honor graduate ofUnion College, New York. The University Preachers at the University of Chicago for the Winter Quarter,beginning January 2, will be:Dr. Charles LeRoy Goodell, of St. Paul'sM. E. Church, New York City, will be thePreacher on January 4 and 11; Rev. JohnMacNeill, of the Walmer Road BaptistChurch, Toronto, Canada, will preach onJanuary 18; and Dr. John Timothy Stone,of the Fourth Presbyterian Church, Chicago, on January 25.The first Preacher in February will bePresident J. Ross Stevenson, of PrincetonTheological Seminary; and he will be followed by Rev. Elijah Andrews Hanley, ofthe First Baptist Church, Rochester, NewYork; Professor Albert Parker Fitch, ofAmherst College, Massachusetts; and DeanLee Sullivan McCollester, of Tufts College, Massachusetts.Dr. Ellsworth Faris, Ph. D. '14, has beenappointed to a professorship in sociologyat the University. Dr. Faris will havecharge of the work in social psychology atChicago. During the period of the warProfessor Faris was acting director of theIowa Child Welfare Research Station andresearch professor of sociology at theState University of Iowa.One hundred and forty degrees, titles,and certificates were conferred at the OneHundred and Fourteenth Convocation heldDecember 23.In the Colleges of Arts, Literature, andScience, seventy-seven candidates receivedthe Bachelor's degree; in the College ofCommerce and Administration, four; andin the College of Education, twelve — a total of ninety-three in the Colleges.In the Divinity School there were fourcandidates for the Master's degree; onefor the Bachelor's degree; and one for theDoctor's degree. In the Law School twostudents received the degree of Bachelorof Laws, and five the degree of Doctor ofLaw (J. D.).In the Graduate Schools of Arts, Literature, and Science sixteen candidates received the Master's degree, and nine thedegree of Doctor of Philosophy. The totalnumber of degrees conferred, not includingtitles and certificates, is one hundred andthirty-one. Among the candidates werea Hindu who received a Master's degree,and two Filipinos.President Judson conferred the degreesand presented the Convocation Statement.NOTES 97The Salary Scale in the Faculties of Arts,Literature, and ScienceAt the time of the organization of theUniversity in the autumn of 1891, the following was fixed as the scale of salaries:Head professors, $4,000 to $5,000; professors, $3,000; associate professors, $2,500;assistant professors for a four-year term,$2,000; instructors for a three-vear term,$1,200, $1,400, $1,600; associates", two-yearterm, $1,000, $1,100. In forming the original faculty some heads of departmentswere given salaries exceeding $5,000, butoften appointments to that rank were madeon the foregoing scale.In 1907 the salary question was againconsidered by the Board, and the following new scale was adopted: Heads of departments (head professor), minimum$4,500, maximum $6,000; professors notheads of departments, minimum $3,000,maximum $4,500; associate professors,minimum $2,500, maximum $3,000; assistantprofessors, four years, $2,000; on reappointment, maximum of $2,500; instructors, threeyears, $1,200, $1,400, $1,600; on reappointment, maximum of $1,800; associates, twoyears, $1,000 to $1,200.In January, 1911, the Board discontinuedfuture appointments to the rank of headprofessor, providing thereafter that the administration of departments should ordinarily be conducted by a chairman, to beappointed by the president for a three-yearterm, with the possibility of reappointment.At a meeting of the Board in May, 1919,a committee was appointed to take intoconsideration an increase in the salariesof the teaching staff. This committee reported September 9, 1919, and recommended the following scale, which wasadopted by the Board: Professors, minimum, $4,000, maximum $7,000; associateprofessors, minimum $3,000, maximum$3,600; assistant professors, four years,minimum $2,100, maximum $2,700; instructors, three years, $1,500, $1,600,$1,700. Associates, two years, $1,200,$1,300. Within the limits of the foregoingscale additions were made to salaries inthe teaching staff of the University approximating $100,000. The University Lecture AssociationThe Cosmopolitan and InternationalClubs of the University of Chicago presented a varied program for InternationalNight on December 8. Japanese#jiu jitsu;Hindu magic, Russian dances, music andfolk dances from Czecho-Slovakia and theUkraine, and an American play were thefeatures of the program. The purpose ofthe evening was to raise funds for sendingdelegates from the University to the national convention of the Cordes FratresAssociation held in December at Syracuse,New York. Professor Andrew C. McLaughlinBecause of illness, Professor Andrew McLaughlin, head of the Department of History, has been forced to discontinue hislectures on American history in connectionwith the University Lecture Association,on the South Side, at the St. JamesMethodist Episcopal Church, Chicago. Mr.Arthur P. Scott of the Department of History has been secured to talk in his place.Mr. Scott's series of lectures will be on"The New Map of Europe." The subjectsfor each night are as follows: Jan. 13,"Italy and the Adriatic"; Jan. 20, Bolshevism and the Allied Attitude TowardRussia"; Jan. 27, "The White Man's Burden"; Feb. 3, "Europe and the Near East";Feb. 10, "America and the New WorldOrder."Associate Professor Frederick Starr, ofthe Department of Sociology and Anthropology, returned from Japan to the University in time to begin on January 5 aseries of illustrated lectures on Mexico.The course will be given under the auspicesof the University Lecture Association atits North Side Center in Chicago. Thefirst lecture will discuss "Aztec Mexico,"the second "Indian Mexico," and the third"Modern Mexico." The subjects of thelast two lectures are "The City of Mexico"and "Mexico Today."THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe TrusteesOur Guides, Philosophers and FriendsJesse A. BaldwinThe story of the boy who is born andspends his early life on a farm and laterattains notable success in some large cityis one of never-failing interest. Such is thestory of the life of Judge Jesse A. Baldwin,a trustee of The University of Chicagosince 1896.Jesse A. Baldwinwas born August 9,1854, in Greenwood,Illinois, the son ofSebrean C. T. andL a v i n a (Stevens)Baldwin. His boyhood and early lifewere spent on afarm, during whichtime, as opportunityallowed, he acquiredwhat education thecommon schools ofhis neighborhood afforded. After ashort term at theUniversity of Illinois he taughtschool for about fiveyears, and while soengaged began thestudy of law underthe direction ofJudge T. D. Murphyof Woodstock, Illinois. Then he cameto Chicago, where,as Assistant UnitedStates Attorne3',from 1877 to 1884,he rapidly attaineddistinction.On January 29,1879, he married Fannie M. Benton, of Crystal Lake, Illinois. Six children were bornof this marriage, three of whom, all sons,survive. These sons, all of whom studiedat the University of Chicago, are NormanL. Baldwin '11, now in Siberia, serving asa Captain in the United States Infantry,Theodore W., ex-'12, and William Storrs,'15.In 1884 Mr. Baldwin resigned his position as United States Attorney and enteredprivate practice in Chicago. As senior member of the firm of Jesse A. and Henry R.Baldwin he continued in active practiceuntil his election to the Bench, in 1909. Inthat year he was elected Judge of the Circuit Court of Cook County; for two years, 1910-1912, he served as Justice of the Appellate Court; and in June, 1915, he was re-'elected to the Bench and is now servinghis second term as Judge of the CircuitCourt of Cook County. The courage, soundjudgment and broad-minded knowledge hehad long shown as an attorney were evenmore in evidence in his notable court decisions.Few citizens of any community havebeen more activeand helpful thanJudge Baldwin incivic interests. Forthirty years he hasbeen a resident cfOak Park, and inthat time has ablyserved his community as Town Attorney, as President ofthe Board of Education, President ofthe Parents' andTeachers' Association, and as a trusteeof the Library Institute. As a member of the Chicago.Union League, Hamilton and City clubshe has been connected with important developmentsof city interests inChicago. For sometime he has been atrustee of RushMedical College anda director of theWest Side FreeDispensary. He haskept in touch withUniversity and other social affairsthrough membership in the Quadrangleand the Oak Park Country clubs. He hascontributed to the advance of the legalprofession as a member of the ChicagoBar Association, the Lawyers' Associationof Illinois, the Illinois State Bar Association and the American Bar Association.For twtenty-three years Judge Baldwinhas been a trustee of The University ofChicago. He is at present a member ofthe Committee on Finance and Investmentand vice-chairman of that on Buildings andGrounds. A large share of the credit forthe steady development and wise administration of the University's affairs is recognized, widely and in deep appreciation, tobe his.TRUSTEES 99Trevor Arnett, '98+.—.»-Because Trevor Arnett, '98, for some timea trustee of the University, and for almosttwenty years Auditor, is now entering uponnew duties as a secretary of the GeneralEducation Board of New York City, whichduties will take him away from the University for a large part of his time, we are inthis instance dropping our plan of presenting brief biographies of our Trustees in theorder of seniority in such service.Dr. Goodspeed, in his History of The University of Chicago, tells of Mr. Arnett asfollows:"The Universitywas also most fortunate in developingin its own businessoffice a master inuniversity accounting. Trevor Arnettcame to the University as a student in1896 and was graduated in 1898. Hethen spent a year inthe Graduate Schoolof Arts and Literature. Mr. Arnetthad, before comingto the University asa student, ejoyed exceptional advantagesfor learning the science of accountingin large corporations. As PresidentHarper needed statistics and financialstatements from thebusiness office, andhis attention wascalled to Mr. Arnettby Dr. Judson andDean Carman of theAcademy, who hadknown him in Minnesota, the presidentbegan to send himinto the office of the •ja-aa Trevor Arnett, '98business manager to go over the books andprepare financial statements for the president's office. He continued this service fortwo years, while still pursuing his studies.He showed such a genius for accountingthat, at the end of his first year of graduatestudy, he was persuaded to give his entiretime to the business office with full chargeof the accounting department. Two yearslater, Tuly 1, 1901. he was mad£ Auditor, theComptroller becoming Business Manager."Trevor Arnett was born November 8,1870, at Little Hereford, England. At the age of twelve he entered the Latin GrammarSchool of Ludlow, an institution founded in1215. His father was Warden of the parishand, as a boy, Mr. Arnett assisted in financial details, taking charge of the collectionof taxes for the parish, and later handlingsimilar financial matters for a private estate. He had passed the entrance examinations for Cambridge but, in 1888, at the ageof 18, came to the United States. He continued his preparatory education at Montclair, New Jersey, and then went with Dr.Carman to the St. Paul, Minnesota, HighSchool, where he was graduated. Afterstudying for two years at the University ofMinnesota, he accepted a position in ■ theSt. Paul office of the Chicago Great Western Railroad, becoming, three years later,chief clerk for thatcorporation.He then came tothe University ofChicago, as previously related.While a student herehe was treasurer andthen secretary of theDebating Society; atthe University ofMinnesota he hadbecome a member ofthe Delta Upsilonfraternity. In 1899-1900, the year beforehe became Auditor,Mr. Arnett held aFellowship in Economy. On April 21,1900, he marriedBertha Stetson, alsoa student at the University, the daughterof Herbert Lee Stetson, '78, at that timePresident of DesMoines College,Iowa, and nowPresident of Kalamazoo College,Michigan.Mr. Arnett hasnot only served theUniversity as aTrustee in a recentterm, but, as Auditor, he is ex-officio a member of the Committee on Expenditures aridin that work has rendered exceptional service. His work as Auditor has gained forhim a national reputation. Secretary J.Spencer Dickerson calls him "a philosopherof accounting." To quote again from theHistory:"The method of conducting the University's business was so admirable that it waswidely copied by other institutions^ It wasa common occurrence for the Auditor's of-(Continued on page 114)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEProfessor Starr's Trip to JapanProfessor Frederick StarrProfessor Frederick Starr has returnedfrom a six months' trip to Japan. LeavingChicago on July 5, he sailed from Seattleby the Africa Maru on July 9 and reachedYokohama on July 25. His ascent ofMount Fuji was made in the period fromJuly 30 to August 4. In 1917, he made theascent from Subashiri, coming down atGotemba; this time the start was made fromYoshida and the descent was to Omiya. Inthis way he has now been over all the fourmain trails of the sacred mountain. In thistrip, too, he made the circuit of the Chudo,or midway path, which encircles the mountain halfway up. It is rarely done exceptby the pilgrim devotees of the Fujiko andhas some features of peculiar interest. Bothin this ascent and through the followingmonths attention was given to securing objects and data regarding the mountain inits human and religious aspects, and a massof material was obtained for a later exhibition, lecture, and writing.While more time was spent at Tokyothan usual, two excursions to the northwere made (as far as Sendai) and two tothe west (as far as Okayama and the Islandof Shikoku V Four days were spent in theProvince of Ise as the guest of Mr. TirobeiHa^egawa, on which occasion the birthplaceand scene of activitv of the great Motooriwas visited and a dav was devoted to theNational Shrines at Yamada. Three weekswere spent as the guest of Baron R. Kuki,at his villa at Sanda in a beautiful mountainregion and from there s'de-trios were madeto Arima. Sasavama, Tottori, and otherpoints. This period was, however, largelydevoted to literarv work and the organization of notes that had been long accumu lating in other expeditions in Japan. Investigations were made at Kyoto, Nara, Osakaand that region. A night was spent at thefamous old temple Horiuji, in consultationwith the priests of the Hosso sect in reference to the great celebration which theyare preparing for April, 1921, in commemoration of the thirteen hundredth anniversary of the death of Shotoku Taishi, "theConstantine of Japanese Buddhism." Anascent was made of Koyasan, the sacredmountain of the Shingon sect, as preliminary to the pilgrimage of the eighty-eightsacred places of the Island of Shikoku. Thepilgrimage itself was abandoned, however,as it was found that steamer accommodation for the home voyage was difficult tosecure and it was necessary to seize theopportunity that presented itself. Twodays were, however, spent in Shikoku, atTakamatsu, in making preliminary investigation regarding the pilgrimage.Press of work prevented much publicspeaking on this trip. Among the occasions, however, were some of unusual interest. An address on "Lessons from theLife of Honen Shonin" was given at theReligious University Tokyo (Jodo sect),on the day celebrated by the students asthe anniversary of the death of the saint:at Ganshoii. Osaka, a Jodo temple, the topic"The United States and Japan in the WorldCrisis" was presented on the occasion ofthe two hundred and fiftieth anniversary ofthe death of Prince Karho; at Sanrla. anaddress was sriven on "Respect of Difference" before the Arima Club: at the autumnal field dav of the Kvushu Society- of To-kvo the s"^iert pre=ented was "Men ofKvushu." On N^vemher 22 a recntion wasgiven to Professor Stnrr bv the TTnivercityof Crrcap-o Alumni 0"h of Tot-vo w^ereabout eciual numbers of Tanane«e and Americans were present and brief remarks weremade. On November 26 a paper on "Ema"Was read before the Asiatic Societv ofJapan and an eirnihit W" made of ema andort»er votive o^'ects. This paner will beprinted in the Transactions of the ^"ri^tv.Because of a sup-cestinn made to h'm before leavinrr PhicatTO relative to an pYr.ifo_ition of Jananese tovs, considerable attention wis p-iven to them. W^en in ToWoin 1910 and 1910. Professor Starr ro'Wte'la good manv tovs. He has not followedun the matter s;nce. because of the r1:ffi-cnlrv and coot of transporting such fragileand cheap thinp.s. On tin's tr"" tov-collec-tors were visited collections of tovs wereexamined, toy-collectors' societies were in-(Continued on page 115)LETTER BOX 101The Letter Box jAbbe Ernst Dimnet, professor of English Literature at the College Stanislas, 'Paris, and recently Lowell lecturer, gave,on November 20, a lecture in Leon MandelAssembly Hall on "Some Aspects of theBronte Sisters." The lecture was interesting, but when it was over Abbe Dimnetmade an appeal on behalf of a cause verydear to him which moved his audiencedeeply.Belgium has been sorely stricken by thewar, but northern France, especially theLille region, is so terribly devastated thatcompared to it Belgium actually seemsprosperous.The following statements will give anidea of the sanitary situation in Lille (northern France) :1. "Nine in ten children in Lille showsigns of tuberculosis." Colonel Mygatt ofthe Red Cross.' 2. "Milk, milk, milk must be given tothose emaciated and under-nourished children." Herbert Hoover.3. "Cash is urgently needed to save theinnocent Lille children who suffered duringfour years in a way that no American childhas ever suffered." Mrs. Duryea, DuryeaWar Relief.4. "Even now, a year after the armistice,the hardships endured in Lille are beyondimagination." Philip Gibbs, New YorkTimes.The following facts will give an idea ofthe economic situation in the same town:1. Out of 157 factories in operation inLille in 1914, only two were working inJune, 1919, and only seven or eight are nowworking; the 149 others are still in thegutted state in which they were left by theGermans.2. The hospitals, especially those attached to the University, are crowded, andtheir financial situation has become so critical that even cod-liver oil can no longer begiven to the children-patients free."This, then, is the state of affairs in a citynot long ago as prosperous as Boston. Thewhole manhood of Lille, even men of forty-seven, was mobilized, on July 31, 1914.These men fought during four years on onecent a day and no news from home beyondthe news that their wives and daughterswere deported; now they come home to findthemselves confronted with this dilemma:No work, because there is no machinery,and no help because the hospitals and theirbenefactors are impoverished.It will take the city of Lille another yearand a half or two years to regain its balance; the people there work feverishly; mthe meantime thev must be helped. Abbe Ernst Dimnet is touring the United Statesto complete a modest sum of $100,000 necessary to help out the University hospitals.Twelve thousand dollars is urgently neededfor the endowment of a free milk distribution which would simply save hundreds ofyoung lives; ten thousand dollars is required to install an X-ray apparatus, whichone of the best French specialists, Dr. Des-plats, would operate; each gift of five hundred dollars pays for a bed in the hospitalsuntil better times dawn; fifty dollars paysfor medicine daily required in the clinics;one dollar keeps a child in hospital for twodays."Abbe Dimnet said how tantalizing it hasbeen for a man bearing in his mind thevision of all this misery to see enormoussums raised before his eyes at Harvard,where he was in October, and in most universities when he lectures. He said howoften he had calculated that if each one ofthe generous alumni,, whose contributionshe saw so wistfully, would give him a fewdollars, the two children's hospitals forwhich he is working would soon be saved.Marshal Foch is quite especially interested in this cause. Abbe Ernst Dimnet isproud of a magnificent letter, entirely thehandwriting of the marshal, recommendingthis cause to America, but he would behappy to give it to the alumni of some university more especially helpful.Some say they will visit Lille. Whenthey actually see what nobody can easilyimagine they will be glad to have sent theirmite.Lille University and HospitalsLILLE FUND,Care Henry Clews & Co., Bankers,15 Broad Street, New York.Dear Mr. Editor:We hope that you will kindly publish theenclosed letter, written by one whose namecarries weight in every American university and is beloved in France.The Editors of at least a dozen Universityorgans have already taken steps to havethis appeal published in their next is^ue.We trust that you will do the same. ThePresident of your University is being notified by the same post, and we have nodoubt that you will find him agreeable.In fact, we have not met so far a singlemember of our Universities who refused toconsider the case of a sister Universityin a town which simply sacrificed everything, for France, no doubt, but also forthe liberty of the world.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIt must be terribly tantalizing to peoplesituated as the Lille people are, to read ofdrives producing in a few weeks in a singleuniversity ninety times what Lille University needs to keep her hospitals afloat andto save hundreds of young lives. One dollar from each alumnus of our universitieswould easily complete the necessary sum.Certainly, there are more drives in America than anywhere else; but there werecalls, too, in France — calls of another kind,and they were always answered without acomplaint till 1,400,000 Frenchmen wereburied on the battlefields.We hope that you will add a line to Dr.van Dyke's appeal to your readers.Our intention with regard to the uniqueFoch autograph letter we possess is togive a chance to every university or college whose alumni will contribute, throughyou, or through Henry Clews & Co., atleast four hundred dollars — no great sum,to be sure, yet enough to accomplish ourpurpose if all the universities and collegeswe apply to respond.Messrs. Henry Clews & Co. will, ofcourse, make careful note of the amountthat comes from your alumni.The Lille Fund Committee:Marshal Foch,Cardinal Gibbons,Admiral Sims,William Howard Taft,President Nicholas Murray Butler,Henry Van Dyke,James Byrne.A Plea to the Alumni of the AmericanUniversities for the Lille Hospitalsand UniversityPrinceton, December 8, 1919.To all Americans who love France Imake this plea for help for the sufferingcity of Lille.Lille is the center of the most populousand formerly the most prosperous industrial district of Northern France. Tenyears ago, in 1899, I was there as a University lecturer, and saw something of theteeming, orderly, laborious life of the place.In the city and its adjacent suburbs andtowns there were hundreds of thousandsof working people; the innumerable shopsand factories were in full swing; the university class rooms and the public schoolswere alive with the spirit of youth andprogress; the medical schools and hospitalswere keen on their job; the very air of theplace, though smoky like that of Pittsburghor Cleveland, had the same hopeful, energetic, true republican quality in it whichmakes the welfare of the whole communitythe goal of all real advance.It was a thoroughly French provincialcity, you understand, and therefore a better index of the French character thanParis, which has been sometimes spoiled bytourists; but at the same time it had the touch of what we fondly call "the American spirit" — the forward-looking spirit —which made me feel more at home therethan in almost any other city of France.The men of highest intelligence, finestculture, sincerest faith, were the most devoted to the common welfare. The menwho worked with their hands went forward eagerly under such guidance. Therewere labor troubles, of course, but theywere never insoluble.Then what happened? In 1914 the Hun-nish hordes descended upon Lille, fierce intheir lust of conquest. The city was notdefensible from a military point of view,yet it would not surrender, and sufferedthree days heavy bombardment. Butsomething worse was in store for it. Lilleknew the vilest horrors of German military occupation.Where were the men of Lille? All ofthem under 48 years of age were mobilizedthe very first day of the war, and duringfour years they fought on one cent a dayand never any news from home. Threetimes the Lillois were sent through the hellof fire at Verdun. Of the 700 students inthe university, 125 gave their lives in battle.What happened to their women andchildren while these Frenchmen of Lillewere on the line of defense, fighting ourbattle against the Hohenzollern Empire ofthe World? What happened to their homes,their schools, their hospitals, their factories, while the Germans held them undertheir brutal power? What did they findwhen, at last, they came home? Read thestory of the occupation of Lille, thedeportations, the obscene outrages, thewilful destruction, not of private property.but also of the industrial plants on whoseefficiency the workers depend for their living. It was the "sabotage" of a city life.Of 157 factories working in 1914 onlyseven or eight are now in operation: theothers are still in their gutted conditionand awaiting machinery from America."Nine out of ten children in Lille showsigns of tuberculosis," writes Colonel My-gatt of the American Red Cross."The Lille children have suffered duringfour years in a way that American children have never suffered," writes an American woman, Mrs. Duryea, who knowswhereof she speaks. But the hospitals,especially, the children's hospitals, are sopoor that they cannot always give even codliver oil free. Yet Lille is trying bravelyto go on. She has not lost heart, althoughshe has lost almost everything else. Inthe recent elections the men of Lille, byan overwhelming majority, voted againstBolshevism. But they need to be helped.Their children must be cared for.Professor Ernest Dimnet, a distinguishedscholar and churchman of France, who rep-(Continued on page 105)OF THE QUADRANGLES 103Ij News of the Quadrangles.{.a— aa— aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa bb_bb— bb—bb aa aa .a— a>— .._.._,—.._., „_„— ..j.The Winter quarter opened January 5,with a goodly supply of coal and a few lessstudents, most of the "absentees" having departed through the obvious exits. At thiswriting there is no way of telling exactlyhow large or how small the registration is,but Cobb is just as crowded between periods as ever.December was somewhat quieter thanusual because of the coal restrictions, whichheld at the University until the close of thequarter — December 23. Charles Higgins,1919 football captain, and possessed of manyother honors, was appointed head studentmarshal of the University. At the sametime Alfred MacGregor, student representative on the La Verne Noyes scholarshipfoundation, and Harold Hanish, footballstar, were made marshals. The other marshals and aides were announced last spring.Harold Stansbury, '20, and James Sheean,'21, won the 1920 Friars play with their production "Barbara Behave!" The judges ofthe plays were Dean Boynton, Dean Linn,Mr. Charles Collins, dramatic critic of theChicago Evening Post, with the co-operation of Abbott Frank Priebe and ManagerRolanti Holloway, both 1920. The contestfor music and poster design is now' open toall men students, former students or alumniof the University. Those wishing to compete, the announcement reads, should communicate with the Blackfriars via the Faculty Exchange. Mr. E. Mortimer Shuter,recent producer of similar entertainmentsat Michigan and Wisconsin, will be thecoach of "Barbara Behave!"For the Winter convocation seven wereawarded Phi Beta Kappa: Leah Pearl Lib-man and Cyril Vincent Lundvick, seniors;Arthur Cohen, Ben Herzberg, Carl GilbertJohnson, Esther Sabel and George DumasStout, juniors. Of the many freshmen trying out for the staff of The Daily Maroon,twenty-two were made reporters at the recent elections. Ten of these reporters werewomen. Seven men were made assistantson the business staff. The department ofAthletics will stage a second prep schoolbasketball tournament on March 18, 19 and20. Harry Williams is 21, chairman of theevent. A similar tournament was held with great success in 1917. The Henry Strongscholarships, granted to seniors, wereawarded this year to James Nicely andKatherine Gerhart.Three Quarters club initiated and banqueted 66 freshmen at the University Clubin December. The club has been having afew troubles with the authorities, but apparently the matter, has blown over. ArthurWhite is the new president. During theholidays 105 delegates from Chicago attended the International Student Volunteerconference at Des Moines. Forty of thestudents present were of foreign birth."Complete evangelization of the world" wasthe motto brought back by the delegates.New Glee club members to the number of25 were selected. This organization has recently come to life again, and elaborateplans for various trips are being laid.Of lectures there were quite a few beforethe coal ban. Hugh Walpole, famous English novelist, was greeted by a large crowdin Mandel on December 4. His remarksconcerned themselves with the modern English novel. On December 2 we had Frederick Whyte, an English lecturer on laborproblems, and on December 3 Thomas MottOsborn, the prison expert. John Burroughsentertained the members of Beecher hallwith an informal talk on December 14.John E. Joseph, '20.ALUMNI FUND CAMPAIGN(Continued from page 87)tention to send out bills and it will help usif subscribers will voluntarily send in theirpayments.The question has been asked a numberof times as to just what use the AlumniFund is to be put. It is not possible, ofcourse, to foresee the future, but amongthe ambitions of the project are scholarships, endowments of various kinds, assistance in unusual situations — for- which assistance the University has heretofore had,and now has, to look to others than theAlumni — such as the present obvious necessity for a proper memorial to those whosacrificed their lives in the war, and inthe many other ways opened up by themultitudinous operations and interest of agreat University. Of course an office staff,office machinery and a magazine for the(Continued on page 104)THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEAthletics"Red" Jackson, right tackle, elected Captain of 1920 Football TeamPat Page has a melancholy aspect thesedays, for the opening game of the basketballseason with Iowa, Saturday evening, January 10, in Bartlett, is but two days off. Under the best of conditions, Mr. Page is always fearful when a game looms, but thisyear he is more so than usual, because hedoesn't know how many of his men will beamong those present when the grades areall in. The rumors place several good players among the ineligibles, and Pat is afraidthat rumor speaks true. With the state ofaffairs so it is an impossibility to pick adefinite team, the whole squad of about20 men works out each night.If there are no ineligibles, the Maroonscertainly will be a hard team to beat. Defensively the team is very tight and the offense has been reliable all year. Pat seemsto have abandoned the old-time long rangegame, and is working a more cautious system, which is more certain of bringing inthe points. His material has made it possible to adopt this sort of a short shot game,although four of last season's long rangemen are back. There will probably be twocombinations of players used this season inorder to meet the different styles of play ofthe Maroon's opponents, with eight or ninemen on the first squad.There is. a fine choice for the guard positions, with Capt. Hinkle, Jackson, Segal,Crisler, and Palmer leading the availables,but Hinkle, Crisler, and Jackson probablywill do the heavy work. Pat alone knowswho will be the forwards — to the outsider itlooks like Halladay, Birkhoff, and Vollmer.Williams has played center most of thetime, and most likely will be picked aheadof Hitchcock. But all this is qualified bythe threat of ineligibility. The annual Christmas trip was a success,the Maroons winning four out of five games.Scores: .Detroit Kayls, 31, Chicago, 21; Chicago, 29, Goodyear Rubber, 18; Chicago, 45,Toledo University, 16; Chicago, 33, Michigan Aggies, 25; Chicago, 31, Jackson Cushion-Springs Company, 9.The second annual Interscholastic Basketball Tournament will be held March 18, 19,20, in Bartlett gymnasium, with high schooland academy teams competing in separate divisions. The best teams of the six neighboring states will be invited to compete, andplans are being made to have the basketballtournament as great a classic for the highschools as is Mr. Stagg's Interscholastic.Mr. Stagg left before Christmas for Orlando, Florida, where he hopes to find relieffrom the rheumatism that has troubled himso much in the last year. The latest reportsindicate that he is rapidly improving. During his absence the track team has beenworking under the direction of Tom Eck,but nothing definite is known about thestrength of the Squad. The first meet is notuntil January 31, when the Maroons go toPurdue, and by that time the men will bein good shape. Eligibility may make adent in the track strength also.Coach White has practically the sameswimming team as the one which won theconference last year, and next month, February 14, he will meet Illinois in the Bartlett pool. Mr. Hoffer has a gymnastic teamconcealed somewhere about Bartlett, but sofar has no meets scheduled. There are also reports of a wrestling team, but if there isany such, it is well concealed.W. V. Morgenstern, '20.ALUMNI CAMPAIGN FUNDContinued from page 103)dissemination of alumni information areessential and vitally important, but afterall they are merely a means and not theend. Careful and comprehensive plans willbe made to carry the fund campaignthrough the coming year and those atpresent closest to the work are confidentthat, with the great number of graduatesand ex-students of the University and theincreasing average age of the Alumni,within not too great a time the AlumniFund will be a factor of some importancein University affairs.Please have it in mind always that this isyour fund. Have you any suggestions asto how it may be best enlarged or bestused?Sincerely yours,Frank McNair, Chairman.NIGHT— LILLE APPEAL 10.-.—-«——«— *<,— ui— «■— u.— hn— tin ..-Settlement NightThe Thirteenth Annual Settlement Nightwill be held on January 24. SettlementNight was first planned to be held on Dec.13th, but had to be postponed because ofthe fuel situation. Settlement Night is thebig annual entertainment, which will consistthis year of a vaudeville program, numerousamusements, and refreshment booths, and adance. This year Settlement Night is to beheld in the Tower Group which gives agreater amount of dancing space than wasformerly to be had in Bartlett, as all threefloors of the Reynolds Club and Hutchisoncan be utilized if necessary.The proceeds of the entertainment aregiven to the University Settlement, locatedin the Stock Yards District, under the direction of Miss Mary E. McDowell. The University Settlement has for its neighborsvarious Slavic peoples, for the most partemployed in the Stock Yards. Through intelligent management the Settlement hasproved to be a very valuable aid in Americanization and citizenship. The process ofAmericanization is accomplished throughexhibits of the art and handicrafts of theparent country, by lectures given on American life in the native tongue and by affording social, athletic, and educational advantages that the people would otherwise bewithout.The Settlement House depends verylargely on the proceeds derived from theSettlement Night entertainment, and because of this a very efficient organizationhas been effected on the Campus, so thatsuccess will not be a probability, but a certainty. Highly organized committees onreception, finance, tickets, entertainment,decoration, refreshment, publicity, music,and a new committee for alumni support.James Nicely, '20, is this year's generalchairman. Probably the largest subcommittee is that for the sale of tickets, which iscomposed of fourteen team captains, eachhaving ten assistants. This year's race wasmarked by unusual competition. Up to thetime of going to press, Keith Kindred'steam has a slight advantage over EllenGleason's. Over eighteen hundred ticketshave been disposed of this year.Miss McDowell made a talk at chapel recently and told of the purposes and activities of the University Settlement. On November 28 Mrs. Lyman A. Walton gave herannual tea for Settlement Night workers.Another feature of the work was the selection of mascots from the boys of the Settlement. Alumni should attend the Settlementdance, because they will thus have a chanceto renew old friendships among former students, to again enjoy the social life of theUniversity, and they will have the knowledge that they are contributing to one ofthe most important projects of the University, a project which is somewhat dependent on the alumni of the University of Chicago for its support. Settlement night hascome to be regarded as a University ofChicago tradition — and as a tradition ofgenuine helpfulness.Francis Zimmerman, '22.(Continued from page 102)resents Yale in Paris and recently wasLowell lecturer in Boston, has come toAmerica to ask aid for the children's hospitals connected with the university mentioned above. The sum that he wanted onhis arrival was small — a hundred thousanddollars — yet he has worked six monthswithout collecting more than a fraction ofit. We Americans have many calls to givefor good causes, still we have not yet cometo "the bottom of the bag." Our "university drives" must not and shall not fail.But it will help, not hinder their success ifwe aid a sister university whose endowment perished in the war. Remember thatto people who have lost everything thefigures published in our press concerningthe drives must 'appear tantalizing.It is confidently hoped that the alumniof all the American universities will respond. Send your contribution, large orsmall — a dollar keeps a child in hospitaltwo days — to the editor of this paper ordirectly to the Lille Fund, care of HenryClews & Co., Bankers, 15 Broad Street,New York. Give the name of your ownuniversity or college in this country. Youwill like to read it some day, inscribed onthe wall of the University of Lille.In America we believe that France mustnot die — neither by invasion nor exhaustion. She has bled for the world, but shemust not be bled white. The world needsthe French Republic. She is our friend.We must help her to stand fast. She isthe frontier of freedom. Lille, her northern outpost city, desolate and suffering, hasa claim upon our hearts which we cannotdeny. Henry van Dyke.[Editor's Note: Professor Ernest Dim-net, while at the University of Chicago recently in connection with his lectures, personally requested that the Lille appeal bebrought to the attention of our Alumni,through the magazine. We are glad topresent the appeal. We urge all Alumniwho can to assist in so worthy a cause.]THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINESchool of Education — KindergartenPrimary Departmentaa— aa— aa aa aa aa aa aa— .aa aa aa— aa— aa— aa— aa— aa aa— -aa aa— aa— aa— aa— aa aa aa .a aa .. a. aa— •_.The Kindergarten-Primary Departmentof the School of Education has from thebeginning offered a two-year curriculumfor the training of teachers, but it hasconsistently encouraged all students toprepare more thoroughly for their chosenvocation by qualifying for the Bachelor'sdegree. The number who have found itpossible to do this has increased steadilyfrom year to year. The registration inthe department for the autumn quarter,1919, is 104. Of this number 36 are candidates for the Bachelor's degree. This isthe largest number who have ever beenregistered at one time in this departmentfor the degree. It shows that the salariespaid to teachers in some places are largeenough to warrant the student in spending four years in preparation. Our inexperienced graduates of this last year whoreceived degrees were able to commandan initial salary of one thousand dollarsor more. The department expects in thenear future to drop the certificate coursesand to reorganize its undergraduate workso as to prepare students in four years ofacademic and professional college work forimportant teaching and supervisory positions. It will continue to offer advancedand research courses for which graduatecredit will be given.The Summer QuarterThe registration each summer quarter ismore than three times that of any otherquarter. Last summer the departmentoffered 17 sections representing 8 different courses. There was an average membership of 40 in each section, making atotal of 680 registrations. The subjectsoffered included: Methods of TeachingReading and Language, Literature for Children, History for Primary Grades, Constructive Occupations, Plays and Games,the Kindergarten-First-Grade Curriculum,the Training of Kiudergarter-PrimaryTeachers and Kindergarter-Primary Supervision. These courses are organized tomeet the needs of classroom teachers, ofnormal school instructors and of supervisors.The summer registration is made up almost altogether of teachers of experience.Last summer the department inaugurateda series of departmental conferences forthe free discussion of problems of specialinterest to primary and kindergartenteachers and supervisors. Many teacherswho attend the summer session have much to contribute out of their experience thatis valuable. The conference gives wideropportunity than the classroom for suchdiscussion. It also makes it possible forall members of the department to come intouch with the different departmental instructors. There were three of these conferences held during the first term. Thehour was set in the early evening —seven o'clock — and the conferences closedpromptly at eight, so that they were notan undue tax upon the time of anyone.The plan proved so popular that it will becarried out again next summer.Another new feature of last summer'ssession was a demonstration first-gradeclass in connection with the demonstrationkindergarten. A special interest of thedepartment for the last several years hasbeen the close articulation of the kindergarten and first grade. It has been workedout successfully in the University Elementary School. The effort last summerwas to show the beginning steps in thesystematic teaching of reading to a groupof children whose kindergarten trainingand experience had prepared them for thisinstruction. This class supplied the opportunity for observation which the summer instructors of the methods classeshave long wanted. There will be a similarclass next summer.The AlumnaeThe department has had its own alumnaeorganization for several years. The membership is so widely distributed throughoutthe country that it has not seemed advisable to hold a meeting oftener than oncea year. This meeting has usually been heldat the time of the June convocation. Thebusiness meeting is preceded or followedby a luncheon to which the graduatingclass is invited. The officers for the current year are: President — Miss MaryCameron, 5758 Blackstone Avenue, Chicago, Illinois; Vice-President — Miss Dorothy Wilson; Secretary — Mrs. J. L. Irwin;Treasurer — Miss Dorothy Higgins.The association is a branch of the International Kindergarten Union. The latter organization will hold its next annualmeeting in Topeka, Kansas, sometime inApril. Miss Martin, one of its officers,wishes to extend a special invitation to allof the Kindergarten-Primary Alumnae wholive in the Middle West to attend thatmeeting. She promises an excellent program. Watch for its announcement inThe Kindergarten and First Grade.OF EDUCATION ASSOCIATION 107All alumnae of the department are urgedto cooperate in every way possible withthe new School of Education Alumni Association organized July 18, 1919. MissMarjorie Hardy, a member of the Kindergarten-Primary Department is the secretary-treasurer of the organization. Bysending two dollars to the Alumni Officea member of the Kindergarten-PrimaryAlumnae Association becomes an activemember of the School of Education AlumniAssociation with power to vote and to holdoffice. The fee covers also a year's subscription to The University of ChicagoMagazine, each number of which will contain a section devoted to School of Education news.The Class of 1919Every graduate of 1919 who wished toaccept a teaching position has had numerous opportunities to do so. A number ofthose who secured certificates have comeback to college to qualify for the Bachelor's degree. They are Gladys Nyman,Fannie Templeton, Phyllis Palmer, Josephine Gamble, and Dorothy Hough. Others who did not wish to teach this yearare Helen Eicher, Winnie Eubank, Josephine Buckley, and Florence Collins.Following is the list of the remainingmembers of the class and the positionswhich they have accepted:Norma Becker — Public School, Kalamazoo, Michigan. Kindergarten.Mabelle Bendfelt — Public School, Kalamazoo, Michigan. Kindergarten and firstgrade.Bessie Bleakley — Public School, FortDodge, Iowa. Kindergarten.Alma Cantor — Chicago Kindergarten Institute. Instructor and supervisor ofpractice teaching.Avis Chapel — Hazelton, Pennsylvania.Primary supervisor.TEACHERS at once SCHOOL ANDWANTED ^ enroll in COLLEGE BUREAU21 E. VAN BUREN STREET, CHICAGO, ILL.for many good positions we have been requested to till. Enroll with us and secure a better salary.Twentieth year. We personally recommend after careful investigation. H. E. KRATZ, ManagerMETROPOLITAN BUSINESS COLLEGEA high grade Commercial School featuring a strong SECRETARIAL COURSE.Courses, also, in Bookkeeping, Shorthand and Shortwriting.Colleges in every part of Chicago — also, in Joliet, Elgin and Aurora, Illinois.Phone Randolph 2205 for detailed information.Norma Edmonds — Public School, Wau-sau, Wisconsin. Kindergarten.Florence Fake — Summit Private School,St. Paul, Minnesota. First and secondgrades.Martha Fink— Milwaukee State NormalSchool, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Supervisorof practice teaching.Cecil Funk — Public School, Joliet, Illinois. Kindergarten.Kathryn Hagerty — Public School, Indianapolis, Indiana. Second grade.MoreThan anMachineThe Dalton is more than an adding machine.It multiplies as easily as it adds and handlesfigure problems in a fraction of the timerequired by brain and pencil.The Dalton is an adding and calculatingmachine combined. It will do anything thatany figuring machine can do and do it morerapidly.Try a Dalton yourself. See how simple,how easy to operate. We will gladly bringone to your office upon request.W. I. CURRIE, District Sales Agent701-703 Peoples Gas Bldg.Chicago, 111. Phone Harrison 5933THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEThe NewUniversity of ChicagoAlumniDirectorywill soon be ready forsale. Owing to unsettled war conditionsno Directory was published in 1916. Therehave been many requests for a new Directory. This will beyour opportunity toobtain the largest andmost complete AlumniDirectory we haveever published.Among other things it willpresent:An alphabetical list and addresses of almost 12,000 graduates. A complete geographicallist. A class list of Bachelors.Interesting statistical tables.The volume will containover 800 pages of high-grade workmanship. Onlya limited number will bepublished. On the finalannouncementSend Your OrdertoTHE ALUMNI OFFICEBox 9, Faculty ExchangeThe University of Chicago Dorothy Heiss — Public School, EauClaire, Wisconsin. Kindergarten.Blanche Herman — Public School, Win-netka, Illinois. Third grade.Helen Hillman — State Normal School,Ellensburg, Washington. First grade.Louise Kirkham — State Normal School,Kirksville, Missouri. Primary supervisor.Phyllis Koelling — Public School, Streator, Illinois. First and second grades.LaRue Shean — Public School, Monmouth, Illinois. Second grade.Cora J. Smith — State Normal School,Valley City, North Dakota. Primary critic.Edith Tasker — Public School, DallasCenter, Iowa. Fourth grade.Callie Totten — Public School, Tulsa, Oklahoma. Second grade.Emmarhea Totten — Public School, Tulsa,Oklahoma. First grade.Esther Van Goens— Lead, South Dakota.Private kindergarten.Elizabeth Wheeler — Public School, Kalamazoo, Michigan. Kindergarten.Leona Wilson — Public School, Lake-wood, Ohio. First grade.Margaret Wooten — Moosehart Institute,Moosehart, Illinois. Kindergarten.At the December convocation there wereawarded three degrees, two supervisor's certificates and six teacher's certificates. Fourof the students receiving certificates willcontinue college work as candidates forthe Bachelor's degree in education.Other Alumnae AppointmentsSome other items concerning alumnae ofthe Kindergarten-Primary Department ofspecial interest are as follows:Miss Helen Christianson, '17, resignedher position as head of the. kindergartendepartment at the State Normal School,Kirksville, Missouri, to accept a similarposition at the State Normal School, SanMarcos, Tex. Miss Christianson will havethe responsibilty of organizing a new kindergarten department in this normalschool.Miss Nellie Towle '18, has been appointed primary supervisor in Ironwood,Michigan.Miss Marion Van Campen, for two yearskindergartner at the School of Childhood,University of Pittsburgh, has accepted theposition of kindergartner and teacher ofart in the Oak Lane Country Day Schoolunder the direction of the "University ofPennsylvania.Miss Margaret Wood '16, after teachingfirst grade in Winnetka for one year wentto France as a member of the Smith College unit. Miss Wood's time was given inpart to the establishment of play centersfor the children. She is teaching this yearin one of the public kindergartens of Chis-holm, Minnesota.OF EDUCATION ASSOCIATION! 109Miss Lucy Rosenquist '18, has been appointed to the position of primary supervisor in Mobile, Alabama.There are about fifteen of our alumnaeteaching in the Chicago Public Schools andas many more in private schools. MissJuanita Stapp, assisted by three of thealumnae, is conducting a flourishing private school in Hyde Park.Tulsa, Oklahoma, seems to have unusualattraction for graduates of this department. Miss Avis Smith was the first to goabout three years ago. Miss Smith wentas_ kindergarten teacher and supervisor.Miss Smith has been joined by the MissesGrace Woolworth, Eva Hulson, MabelHicks, Callie and Emmarhea Totten andDorothy Lantz.The other graduates of the departmentwho are teaching are distributed in thefollowing states: New York, Pennsylvania,Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri,Oklahoma, Texas, Arizona, California,Washington, Montana, Nevada, North Carolina, Georgia and Alabama.Many of the alumnae will be interestedto know that Miss Troxell, formerly first-grade critic in the University ElementarySchool, is now head of the Primary Department of the State Normal School, Dillon, Montana. Two of our graduates, MissBaillie and Miss Noel, are associated withher.Faculty ItemsThe members of the faculty have foundtime to engage in some lines of professional activity in addition to their regularteaching and administrative obligations. •Miss Martin was president of the Chicago Kindergarten Club for the year1918-19 and this is her second year in office as auditor of the International Kindergarten Union. She has done considerablelecture and institute work for a numberof years. During the past year she hasaddressed the Northeastern Iowa TeachersAssociation and the Northern WisconsinTeachers Association, and has spent twoweeks speaking at county institutes inNorthern Michigan under the State Department of Education.Miss Grace Storm, formerly first-gradecritic teacher in the University ElementarySchool, was appointed in 1918 instructor inprimary methods in the department._ Shegives two courses, History for PrimaryGrades and Methods of Teaching Reading,Language, and Literature. Miss Storm isnow Head Resident of Beecher Hall. MissStorm also has done some field work during the last year. She was one of thespeakers at the county institute held inDes Moines, Iowa, in September and atanother in Oklahoma the same month. InNovember she lectured before the Central \ I 7"E announce the** formation ofThe Music Shop, Inc.,as successors to TheTalking Machine Department of the Geo.P. Bent Co. (Est.1870) and invite thepatronage of "Chicagoans" to "TheShop of DistinctivePersonal Service" forVictrolas and VictorRecords.Chas. M. BentH. J. Macfarland, Jr.R. Bourke CorcoranThe Music Shop, i*.214-216 So. Wabash Ave.CHICAGOHar. 4767THE UNIVERSITY OFPaul H. Davis ftGompanyWe are anxious to serve you inyour selection of high grade investments. We specia'ize in unlisted stocks and bonds — quotations on request.PAUL H. DAVIS, 'II.N. Y. Life Bldg.— CH I C AGO — Rand. 2281"COPE" HARVEY'Sfamous ORCHESTRASFor Arrangements Inquire{pe J^arbep #rcf)egtras.GEORGE W. KONCHAR, Managing Director190 North State Street Phone Randolph OneorJ. BEACH CRAGUNU. of C. Band Director CHICAGO MAGAZINEOklahoma Education Association at Oklahoma City.Mrs. Mary Root Kern, who is instructorin music in the University ElementarySchool and who gives a course in musicfor the students in the Kindergarten-Primary Department, has been experimenting for some time to discover methods bywhich real help could be given to littlechildren who are musically deficient. Hereffort has resulted in the composition ofa series of songs for this purpose. Shedescribes the method which she has developed as follows:"The contention is that just as we begin at the beginning with the child in othersubjects, we should start with the simplestproblem in singing, namely a single pitch.See that each child in the class can 'match'a single tone given by the teacher. Thosewho cannot imitate the tone are musicallydeficient."It has been the custom to allow thesechildren to sing with the gifted childrenthus permitting the monotone habit to beformed."Our experiment is to take these childrenby themselves and attempt by various devices to awaken their tonal sense. As theysucceed in matching tones, they are givenshort phrases which occur in a song to besung by musical children. When they areable to sing these phrases they may jointhe other group, but to sing only theirpart of the song. Songs of this characterare to be published in the first book of aseries which Ginn and Company have inpreparation. This book when publishedwill meet a long-felt need."Miss Temple has given much time tocommittee work in connection with the enterprises of the International KindergartenUnion. She was chairman of a committeeon the kindergarten curriculum, the resultsof whose work were published by the Bureau of Education last June. The bulletinentitled The Kindergarten Curriculum,may be procured from the Superintendentof Documents, Government Printing Office,Washington, D. C.An article describing what has been donein the College Department and the Elementary School of the School of Educationto unify the work of the kindergarten andfirst grade has been prepared by MissTemple and will soon be published in theElementary School Journal. .Each member of the alumnae should subscribe forthis journal. It contains something eachmonth which bears on the problems ofkindergarten-primary education and servesto" keep its readers abreast of the times inother fields of elementary education.Members of the faculty will be veryglad to^ hear from the alumnae at anytime. They will be especially interested tohear of any changes of position and ofany new experiments by the graduates.Rogers a Haul coOne of the largest and moatcomplete Printing pla tain theUnited States.Printing andAdvertising Advisers and theCooperative andClearing Housefor Cataloguesand Publications You have a standing invitation to call and inspect ourplant and up-to-date facilities. We own the building aswell as our printing plant, and operate both lo meetthe requirements of our customers.CATALOGUE and DDIMTEDCPUBLICATION TKIll lE-tVOMake a Printing Connection with a Specialistand a large, Absolutely Reliable Printing HouseLet UsEstimate onYour nextPrinting Order(ShfcagoJtagatfnc »«£"'«3 ^ r Specialties)ROGERS & HALL COMPANYPolk and U Salle Slreels CHICAGO, ILLINOISPhones Local and Lone; Distance Wabash 3881WE PRINT{EhcTbtfoersitp of ,TYPEWRITERSall makes, all models, guaranteed for five years.From $15.00 up. Why pay $100.00 ?Olivers, Remingtons, Monarchs, Underwoods,Smiths, Hammonds, Etc.DROP IN AND PAY US A VISITor write for free trial offer, descriptions, prices, andspecial five day discount offer. We ship from Coastto Coast, with exchange privilege.Manufactur rs Typewriter Clearing Housewestern University Bu>rn St., CHICAGOPhone Central i go35Northwestern University Building193 N. Dearborn St., CHICAGO, ILLINOISOF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONS 111II News of the Classes and AssociationsCollege and Divinity AssociationsCaroline S. Maddocks, '95, is .the "JaneEddington" of the Chicago Tribune; shehas been contributing articles on cookingfor that newspaper since 1910.Elliott S. Norton, '01, is Manufacturers'Representative, 504 Swetland Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio.George G. Davis, '01, is doing surgery,with offices in the Gas Bldg., 122 So. Michigan Ave., Chicago.Douglas Sutherland, '02, is Secretary ofThe Civic Federation of Chicago; he ispreparing for that Federation a series ofConstitutional Convention Studies in connection with the coming ConstitutionalConvention of Illinois.William J. Eyles, '03, is at the BaptistHome Mission College for Colored Students, Marshall, Tex.The Rev. Seymour E. Moon, '04 isPrincipal of the Congo Evangelical Training Institution at Kimpese, via Matadi,Congo Beige, S. W. Africa. Mr. Moon returned to Congo last September to beginhis fourth term of service in that country. ■fI■+Luthera Egbert, '04, is teaching Englishand Public Speaking at The MooseheartHigh School, Batavia, 111.Henry D. Sulcer, '05, is Vice-President ofVanderhoof & Co., General AdvertisingAgents.Dr. B. Braude, '06, S. M. '08, is practicingmedicine and surgery.Cora E. Gray, '06, S. M. '09, is teaching inthe Department of Home Economics,Florida State College, Tallahassee, Fla.Roy W. Merrifield, '06, is Minister of theFirst Congregational Church at Sheffield,111.Margaret Gleason, '07, is Professor andDirector of Household Arts, College of Industrial Arts, Denton, Tex.George H. Hunt, ex-'08, is Sales Manager of Detroit Pressed Steel Co., Detroit,Mich.Anna E. Lauren, '08, is head catalogerand assistant reference librarian, ChicagoHistorical Society Library.Christine K. Fuchs, '10, is teaching atHyde Park High School, Chicago.FIRST CHICAGODeveloped through the growth and experience of more thanhalf a centuryThe First National Bank of ChicagoJames B. Forgan, Chairman of the Board Prank O. Wetmore, Presidentand theFirst Trust and Savings BankJames B. Forgan, Chairman of the Board Melvin A. Traylor, Presidentoffer a complete financial service, organized and maintained at amarked degree of efficiency. Calls and correspondence are invitedrelative to the application of this service to local, national and tointernational requirements.Combined Resources over $350,000,000Dearborn and Monroe Sts. CHICAGOTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMANUFACTURERS RETAILERSMen's SK oesTHE BOURSE is the conventional model forformal occasions.Made in high button Patent Colt, clothtop. with or without tip, or low lace shoewith special "Dancer" sole.106 S. MICHIGAN AVE.29 E. JACKSON BLVD.15 S. DEARBORN ST.BOSTON * BROOKLYN NEW YORK CHICAGOPHILADELPHIA ST. PAUL KANSAS CITYW. M. Gewehr, '11, is Professor of History at Morningside College, Sioux City, la.O. A. De Graw, '11, is with the WesternClock Co., Peterborough, Ont., Canada.Mrs. Clara P. John, '11, is teaching atOttawa, 111..LeRoy Baldridge, '11, a review of whosebook of war pictures appeared in the November issue, has illustrated a book, "TheCommand Is Forward," by AlexanderWoolcott, published by the Century Co.C. B. Gentry, '12, is Assistant Professorof Agricultural Education at Rutgers College, New Brunswick, N. J., and AssistantState Supervisor of Agricultural Educationin New Jersey.Ada Kruger, '12, is teaching English inRockford High School.Helen E. Taggart, '12, is teaching atAsheville, N. C.David N. Smith, ex-'12, "is Vice-Presidentand Sales Manager of Fashion Auto SalesCo., 2250 Michigan Ave., Chicago.Mr. and Mrs. Asher K. Mather (Mr.Mather, B. D. '13; Mrs. Mather-Ruth Del-zell, '12) have two children. Richard Delzell,born Aug. 28, 1910, and Asher K., Jr., bornAug. 6, 1918. Mr. Mather is doing educational missionary work in Tura, Assam,India. Law School Association -*T■+Inghram D. Hook, '06, announces thathe has reopened his offices for the practiceof the law after his absence in the militaryservice, at 318-319 Scarritt Bldg., KansasCity, Mo.Horace E. Whiteside, '13, is practicinglaw at Bell Buckle, Tenn.Leon L. Lewis, '13, J. D. '14, recently returned from overseas, has become a member of the law firm of Mack & Mack, andthe firm name has been changed to Mack,Mack & Lewis, 2082 Continental & Commercial Bank Bldg., Chicago.Donald D. Delany, '15-'17, is practicinglaw at 11 South LaSalle St., Chicago.Albert Stump, '17, has been appointed instructor in public speaking and debating atButler University.Norris Bakke, '19, is at Harvard, workingfor his Doctor's degree in Law.Attorney Leal W. Reese, '19, havingpassed the State Bar examination and beenadmitted to practice, has formed a partnership with Attorney John E. Hogan ofTaylorville, 111.vr ma. CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONS 113•jaa^-aa^aa— aa^— aa^aa^aa— aa^aa— aa— aa— .aa— aa— aa^ aa.Doctor's Association jJohn T. Buchholz, '17, has been appointedProfessor and Head of the Department ofBotany in the University of Arkansas. Forthe past year he was Professor of Biology,West Texas State Normal College, CanyonTex.Hester Donaldson Jenkins, '98, Ph. M.,'99, is making an extended tour of the country in the interests of Roberts College,Constantinople, where she taught for a longperiod of years.George E. Miller, '19, is research chemistin Synthetic Drugs, with the Upjohn Pharmaceutical Co., Kalamazoo, Mich.R. H. Brownlee, '06, through an inventionof a new process for "Cracking oil," hasdiscovered a lubricating oil for machineguns on aeroplanes and for aeroplane engines which remains liquid even at 68 degrees below zero, and is' said to be aboutthe best product of the kind.Ralph A. Sawyer, '19, and Mrs. Sawyer(Martha Green, '13) are living at 1104 Prospect Ave., Ann Arbor, Mich. Mr. Sawyeris an instructor in the Physics Departmentat the University of Michigan.Chester H. Yeaton, '15, is now connectedwith the School of Engineering of Milwaukee, at 373 Broadway.E. P. Lane, '18. who was at Rice Institute, Houston, Texas, has gone to the University of Wisconsin as Assistant Professorof Mathematics.R. K. Strong, '17. Professor of IndustrialChemistry at the Oregon State College, attended the Chenvcal Exoosition here. Healso was at the Philadelphia meeting of theArnpriran Chenv'cal Society.Wi'l'am A. Crowlev, '17. is Professor ofPsvchologv at the Universitv of Oncmnati.Edsrar H. Johnson, '10, is Professor ofEconomics and Dean of the School ofEconomics and Business Administration,E"r-.rv Universitv.Theodore H. Jack. '15. is Professor ofH;storv and Dean of the Graduate School.Emorv Universitv.Malcolm H. Dewev. '18, has been ap-r>nmted 'Prnfe=f:or of- Romance Languages,Efiry Uni'versi'tv.M'ss Cleo Hparon. '13. is Professor ofHistory. Acnes Scott College. Decatur. Ga.CHESTER A, HAMMILL '12GEOLOGIST1417 AMERICAN EXCHANGE BANK BUILDINGTelephone Main 7131DALLAS, TEXAS The Corn ExchangeNational Bankof ChicagoCapital .... $5,000,000Surplus and Profits . 10,000,000Ernest A. Hamill, presidentCharles L. Hutchinson, vice-presidentD. A. Moulton, vice-presidentOwen T. Reeves, Jr., vice-presidentJ. Edward Maass, vice-presidentNorman J. Ford, vice-presidentJames G. Wakefield, cashierLewis E. Gary, ass't cashierEdward F. Schoeneck, ass't cashierJames A. Walker, ass't cashierCharles Novak, ass't cashierJoseph C. Rovensky, ass't cashierDIRECTORSWatson E. Blair Edmund D. HulbertChauncey B. Borland Charles H. HulburdEdward B. Butler Charles L. HutchinsonBenjamin Carpenter Martin A. RyersonClyde M. Carr J. Harry SelzHenry P. Crowell Edward A. SheddErnest A. Hamill Robert J. ThorneCharles H. WackerForeign Exchange Letters of CreditCable TransfersSavings ' Department, James K. Calhoun, Mgr.3% Paid on Savings DepositsTHE UNIVERSITY OE CHICAGO MAGAZINEm &011ier IngravinfXaCOLOR PROCESS PLATE MAKERSHALFTONES ZINC ETCHINGSPHOTOGRAPHERS (COMMERCIAL)DRAWINGS (COMMERCIAL) SKETCHES & DESIGNS554 WEST ADAMS STREET • CHICAGO [he Editor of theLONDON PROCESSWORKER Said-l found theJAHN and OLL1ERENGRAVING COMPANYthe Most Progressiveand Up -to -DateEngraving Plantin Chicago"(Continued from page 99)fice to be engaged in explaining to the business officers of colleges and universities thefinancial system of the University and itsmethods of accounting. Mr. Arnett, theAuditor, was frequently called, not only tocolleges, but to great universities to assistthe authorities in improving their businessand accounting systems. So much were hisservices needed in these directions and sohighly were they regarded that in 1915-16the General Education Board requested theUniversity to release him for a sufficientlength of time to prepare for them a reporton educational finance, to be published inbook form for the use of universities andcolleges. Mr. Arnett was accordingly released from his ordinary duties for sixmonths to perform this important servicefor the educational institutions of the country. The University thus carried over intoits business department the ideal of servicewhich was so integral a part of its educational plan."In 1917 Mr. Arnett was called abroad forwar relief work in connection with theRockefeller Foundation, particularly withreference to the handling of the financialdetails of the amelioration of the conditionsof prisoners of war. Before the work wasfully organized, however, the United Statesentered the war and he returned to this country through revolution-swept Russia,sailing from Vladivostok.Beginning this January he becomes, withDr. Abraham Flexner, one of the two secretaries of the General Education Board, Mr.Arnett's special field being that of collegeand university finance, assisting institutionsof learning in the fullest use of benefactions.The arrangement, fortunately, still allowshim to devote a part of his time to the University. Only those who have known Trevor Arnett intimately can appreciate thebreadth and strength of his character, hisever-ready and kindly willingness to assist,and his constant interest in and loyalty tothe University of Chicago.STARR'S(Continued from page 100)vestigated, and books and printed mattersrelating to toys were collected as well asthe toys themselves. The material is a fairrepresentation of its subject and it is prob- iable that the exhibition will be made duringthe coming year.While many subjects were looked into,the chief purpose of the trip was to workover the material already in hand fromother expeditions and to get it ready forprinting and other presentation. There wasthus less photographing done than on someformer visits, but about 200 negatives were jmade. Mr. Maebashi Hambei, of Tokyo,was the photographer and interpreter onthis occasion, as on others. To his faithful assistance in all Japanese work since1909 much of its success is due. ProfessorYamanouchi, of the Higher Normal Collegeof Tokyo, was untiring in his interest andassistance in a thousand ways.Professor Starr left Yokohama on December 4 by the Siberia ! Maru, sailing directly for San Francisco, without stopoverat Honolulu. On arriving at San Franciscoon December 17, he found that arrangements had been made for him to lecture onDecember 30 under the auspices of theUniversity Extension of the University ofCalifornia and the Sierra Club. While waiting for this appointment, he was given a iluncheon at the Faculty Club at Berkelevby President and Mrs. Barrows at which —the guests were personal friends and thosewho were formerly associated with the Uni-versitv of Chicago. On the night of thenineteenth, he was a guest at the dinner ofthe S-'erra Club. The lecture of the following dav was noon "Mount Fuii" and in itfor the first time an opportunity was eivento present some of the newlv gathered material. When fullv develoned this oresen-tation will he a combined lecture-exhibitionof manv curious, interestmg. and unpublished data. Leaving San Francisco on December 22 Professor Starr reached Chicagoon Christmas night, to resume work withhis classes on January 5.FOREmployers and College WomenChicago Collegiate Bureauof OccupationsTrained Women PlacedasEditorial and Advertising Assistants, LaboratoryTer-hnicians, Apprentice Executives. Book-keepersDraughtswomen and Secretaries and in other lines1804 Mailers Bldg.S S. Wabash Ave. Tel. Central 5336 TRIP TO JAPAN U5"Chicago"Alumni —in business, literary work orteaching — are you meeting theneed for daily progress in yourfield?Your Alma Mater has planned toaid you through its Correspondence-Study Department. This department, conducted on the standards ofthe University, provides for those ambitious to continue preparation for success in Business, Literary Work,Education, Languages, Science andTheology.For you, The University of Chicagorequires no recommendation. Writetoday (urge your friends to do likewise)for the 1919-1920 circular of its successful Correspondence-Study Department, addressingThe University of Chicago(Box S) Chicago, IllinoisBOOKSOld and NewThe best of the new booksand a complete line of schooland college text books.Write us for the loo\ you want.WOODWORTH'SBOOK STORESV. A. WOODWORTH. '06. ProprietorUniversity Book Store, 1311 E. 57th St.Hyde Park Book Store, - 1540 £. 63rd StreetEnglewood Book Store, 6212 Stewart AvenueThe orders of Teachers and Libraries SolicitedTHE UNIVERSITY OFC. F. Axelson, '07SPECIAL AGENTNorthwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co.900 The RookeryTelephone Wabash 1800Ben H. Badenoch, "09SPECIAL AGENTNorthwestern MutualLife Insurance Company969 The Rookery Tel. Wabash 1800Norman L. & Wm. Storrs Baldwin, 'isINSURANCERepresenting All Companies in All LinesPhone Wabash 12201423 Insurance Exchange ChicagoTel. Wabash 3720BRADFORD GILL, '10INSURANCE OF ALL KINDSMarine Insurance Especiallyroom 1229, insurance exchange building175 W. Jackson Blvd. ChicagoRalph H. Hobart, '96HOBART & OATESCHICAGO GENERAL AGENTSNorthwestern Mutual Life Ins. Co.900 The RookeryASK HOWES and will be glad to talk toHE KNOWS you at anv time about yourLIFE INSURANCEor the opportunity whiah exists for any CHICAGOMAN m the Insurance business.BYRON C. HOWES, Ex* 13, Manager, Union MutualLife Insurance Co. of Portland, Maine7 West Madison Street CHICAGO MOSER SHORTHAND COLLEGEEnrolls high school and Academygraduates exclusively in day school.Secretarial and stenographic coursesare therefore unusually thorough;surroundings refined and congenial. SUMMER COURSES PAUL MOSER, Prin.Ph.B. 1910. J.D. 1912. U. of C.MOSER SHORTHAND COLLEGE116 S. Michigan Ave. Central 5158 CHICAGO MAGAZINEa|aa ..—._., a. a. „ „ „ .. .._,—..—._,},I ]1 Marriages, Engagements, jj Births, Deaths. j•{•'— '" aa— aa— .aa na — ia aa aa a>— aa— aa— aa^aa— aa|aMarriagesAlvin F. Kramer, '10, to Miss HelenWagner, November, 1919, at Chicago; residence, 5463 Cornell Ave.Helene Pollok, '14, to Leonard S. Gans, ofNew York City, Nov. 19, 1919, at Chicago.Alma Hatch, '16, to F. C. Abell, of SouthHaven, Mich., August, 1919.Paul H. Daus, '16, to Daphne H. Fortney,of Atascadero, Cal., Aug. 13, 1919.Elizabeth Channon Harris, '19, of 1515North Dearborn Parkway, to Harry EdgarCave, Nov. 19, 1919, at Chicago.Mary Birch, '19, to John Shaw Broek-smit, Nov. 19, 1919, at Council Bluffs, la.;at home after Jan. 1st at 179 E. ChestnutSt., Chicago.EngagementsMiss Jane Adams," of 5327 Cornell Ave.,to Hal Wetherton Potter, '21.Fedora Addicks, '17, to Arthur J. Bishop.Lillian Richards, '19, to Charles Inland,of Chicago.BirthsTo Mr. and Mrs. George T. Shay (FrancesMontgomery, '07), a son, George.To Mr. and Mrs. M. A. Allison (Marguerite Marks, '08), a son, David A., April12, 1918.To Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Martin (BruceMartin, '16), a daughter, October 31, 1919.To Mr. and Mrs. Dwight Holdridge Early(Margaret Lauder, '17), a son, Gordon Lauder, Nov. 3, 1919.DeathsMr. Charles S. Brown, '82, died Dec. 23,1918.W. E. Whaley, '86, died recently in theEast.Miss Josephine E. Smith, '14, died Aug.5, 1919, in Chicago.Professor Grover, ex, Dean of Womenat McMinnville College, died Sept. 2, 1919,at Seattle, Washington.Henry Frank Cling, ex, Principal Bren-tano School, Chicago, died Oct. 2, 1919, atChicago.UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 117OBThe Price ofPork Chops and BaconHere are reasons why the fine, fresh pork tenderloinsand pork chops, or savory ham, or crinkly bacon, which youenjoy for breakfast, cost much more per pound than themarket quotation on live hogs which you read in thenewspaper :An average hog weighs 220 pounds.Of this, only 70 per cent (154 pounds) is meat and lardSo, when we pay 15/ a pound for live hogs, we are reallypaying more than 21/ a pound for the meat which we willget from these animals, even after taking into account thevalue of the by-products.But people show a preference for only one-third of thewhole— the pork chops, fancy bacon, and choice cuts fromjuicy hams.This means that when we are selling Premium baconat 43 Vi/ per pound wholesale and Premium hams at 30/,there are other parts for which we get as low as 6/ or 8/ perpound. The net result is an average profit to us of lessthan 1/ a poundThe choice cuts are higher because of a demand for them.Another thing: Only 35 pounds of the entire hog— orabout J /6th— is usually marketed at once. The rest mustbe pickled, cured, or smoked. This takes months and addsto the costs which must be metSwift & Company, U. S. A.Swift it Company'sProfit rOtrenf* "this shows^/what becomes of1,the average dollarreceived byfSWIFT & COMPANY1!' FROM THE SALE OF MEATANO BY PRODUCTSOS CENTS IS PAID FOR THELIVE ANIMAL12. PS CENTS FOR LABOREXPENSES AND FBElCHT2.04 CENTS REMAINSWITHSWIFT &C0MPAHTAS PROFITTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBook Notices*■ xA SHORT HISTORY OF BELGIUMBy Leon Van Der Essen, Ph.D., LL.D.,Professor of History in the University of Louvain.Published by the University of Chicago Press.The Reason for the BookFrom the Preface:"The 'New York Times Review of Books'of June 20, 1915, called attention to thecomparative scarcity of books on Belgiumamong the literary productions resultingfrom the war, and continued: 'Why Belgium finds so scant a space in the warbibliographies is a question difficult to answer. Certainlv. no country has arousedthe oopular sympathy and enthusiasm ofthe world to a like degree with this littlekingdom, occupying a geographical areaabout one-fourth the state of Pennsylvania,yet performing deeds of valor and enduringmartyrdoms that place it beyond all comparison in greatness.'"It was doubtless this idea that inducedthe University of Chicago Press to proposethat I write and publish under its auspicesa Short History of Belgium, with materialdrawn from the course of lectures I gaveon the History of Belgium at the Universityof Chicago during the Winter Quarter of1915." The Nature of the BookThe world-wide interest aroused in thehistory of Belgium by its present positionin the European war makes especiallytimely the publication of this volume by aprofessor of history in the University ofLouvain.In Professor Van der Essen's vivid narrative is traced the varied history of Belgiumfrom its formative period, including the timeof the Roman occupation, the invasion ofthe Franks, and the reign of Charles theGreat, through the period of Feudalism, therising of the communes, and the power ofthe dukes of Burgundy. The narrative thentakes up the Spanish and Austrian rules,the French regime, and the Dutch rule,with the revolution of 1830; and, finally, theperiod of the modern independent statewhose existence was at stake in the war.A historical scholar of recognized ability,Professor Van der Essen has treated hisintensely interesting subject with imagination and sympathy and yet with a carefulsense of historical values and aims.and at the ShorehamWashingtonoA fact:The best - selling cigarette at the exclusiveShoreham is Fatima. At such a place this preference can hardly be a matter of price. It israther that Fatima's common-sense blend contains"just enough" Turkish — just enough to taste rightfind still leave a man feeling 'fine and fit after a long-smoking day.(Kifj*Fatima contains more Turkish than any other Turkishblend cigarette.20 for 23c FATIMAA Sensible CigaretteCOLLEGE FOOTBALL TEAM 119(Continued from page 86)A letter from Earl H. Smith, editor ofthe Times, printed below, speaks for itself:December 9, 1919.Please pardon my delay in answeringyours of the seventh asking about theCentre College football team.My paper printed some time ago astory alleging that the Centre team waspartly made up of "ringers." At thetime the article appeared I felt surethat it was correct in every detail, asour information looked good. Since,however, the story has been denied byfriends of mine who know the personnel of the team, and by the president of the college. Upon the receiptof this information I directed a denialof the first story.Now Walter Camp has selected hisall-American team and has placed twoCentre men upon it, an honor not conferred upon another college. Mr. Campwould surely not pay attention to ateam tainted with professionalism.On account of the recent developments I am of the opinion that theCentre team is within the pale of thelaw, although it might be that earlier inits history efforts were made to secureprofessional players for it. I think now,however, that none were in its make-upduring the season just closed.I thank you for your inquiry andwould be glad to assist in any movement to purify college athletics, but amof the opinion that any further movetoward Centre would prove an injustice.Very truly yours,Earl H. Smith,Editor The Times.In addition to this letter, a letter fromJames Durfree, the Columbus, O., sportingeditor, alleged to have helped Centre College secure players, to Ward Lanham, astudent in the law college here, is alsoevidence that Centre is above reproach.* * *And on top of all this, John Kellison,former Wesleyan tackle, at first said tohave been approached by Centre Collegewith an offer to come there and play, in aletter to Ward Lanham, again denies thereport and states that all he knew was abench rumor he had heard at a game inOhio that some players had said they hadbeen approached by outsiders on the proposition of playing with Centre. * * *The evidence in favor of the Centre College seems to be in preponderance and injustice to the team that defeated West Virginia. 12 to 6, the Athenaeum prints thisarticle. WE ARE ALWAYSPLEASEDto continue serving the Alumni.We appreciate every opportunityto be of assistance to you.For Books, Calendars, Jewelry,Stationery, Athletic Goods — foranything pertaining to the University, please write us.Our new store enables us tomeet your needs promptly andwith satisfaction.The University of ChicagoBook Store5802 Ellis Ave., Chicago, 111.UNIVERSITY COLLEGEThe down-town department ofThe University of Chicago116 So. Michigan Avenuewishes the Alumni of the University and their friends to know thatit now offers courses in all branchesof college workEvening, Late Afternoon,and Saturday ClassesTwo-Hour Sessions Once or Twice a WeekCourses Credited Toward University DegreesWinter Quarter Begins Friday, Jan. 2, 1920Registration Period,December 6, 1919 to January 10, 1920For Circular of Information AddressNathaniel Butler, Dean, University College,The University of Chicago, Chicago, 111.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEMotor-generator set mounted on cranesupplying power for lifting magnetElectrically-heated glue-potsare used in pattern shopsand elsewhere. Electricity —the Master Force in ManufacturingTHE marvels of electricity have revolutionized our manufacturing industries. With belts and pulleys replacedby electric motors operating automatic — almost human —machines, many a slow and tedious process has beeneliminated. The factory worker's task of yesterday is madepleasant by his command of this magic power.The Crane Company's plant at Chicago — electrical throughout — is a model of industrial efficiency. Its 10,000 horsepower of driving energy is brought by three small wiresfrom a distant power plant. Then electricity drives themachinery which handles the coal for heating, cuts thesteel, sifts the sand and sorts the material — in fact doeseverything from scrubbing the floor to winding the clock.Such an institution is marvelous — superhuman — made thusby the man-multiplying force of electricity. The GeneralElectric Company has been instrumental in effecting thisevolution. First, by developing successful electric generatingand transmission apparatus to furnish economically thismodern form of power. Secondly, through many years ofactive co-operation with hundreds of manufacturers, it hasmastered the art of applying the use of electrical energy toa multitude of needs. And finally, through branch officesand other distributing channels, its products are madeaccessible to all.Machine operated by motorattached to lamp socketscrubs floors. Hauling materials with train operatedby electric automobile motors.95-109-1Comparison is theSincerest Form of FlatteryA NYTHING is good enough until something**■ comes along that's better. A good imitationpearl gains admiration until compared with thegenuine. Then the difference is readily seen.Likewise with phonographs. The market is flooded with many makes. Extravagant claims ofperformance run riotous. By the expertly-trainedmusical ear, however, quality is quickly detected.To the average buyer only comparisons will tell.Compare the Brunswick Phonograph with othermakes, and its superiority is noted immediately. Come in today for demonstration.TheBrunswickPhonograph Shop225 SOUTH WABASH AVE.4.000 /"PHAT is the floor space given up toq J- Golf in our Sport Shop and the Win-.OQUare .. ter Golf Club, down stairs at [the Michigan Avenue Store.It's a complete and "exclusive" golf storewithin a store, with club features added.Complete in that it has everything a golfer wants.Exclusive in that the golfing spirit here excludeseverything else*There are two popular, pros in the golfschool. John McElhatton has been withus for years. .He is the Ridgemoor professionalAll of our friends know him well, and like him.He is a deep -dyed golfer, and enjoys makingothers of the same stripeEddie Loos, who joined us recently, is onej)fthe best known and best liked of the younger professionals. He-is famous with th&<w66denclubs, and has the knack of teaching others .hissecret, which is'foot work. His understanding'oftiming is considered perfect. ZIt is best to arrange teaching appointments withthese two well ahead. .LONDONCHICAGODETROITM I L WAU KEEMINNEAPOLISTWO CHICAGO STORESMICHIGAN AVENUE AT MONROE STREETHOTEL SHERMANClothing it Sold at the Michigan Avenue Store Only it