PORTRAIT OF CHARLES L. HUTCHINSONPainted by Louis BellsUniversity of ChicagoMagazineVolume IV JANUARY, ICjI2 Number 2TO THE ALUMNIWITH this issue, editorial charge of the Magazine is assumed bya new board, composed of Frank W. Dignan, '97, David AllanRobertson, '02, Harry Arthur Hansen, '09, Roy Baldridge, 'n, and JamesWeber Linn, '97, chairman. Horace S. Fiske, Assistant Recorder of theUniversity, will act as associate editor. A word concerning our planswill be to the point.The number of issues has been changed. Hereafter the Magazinewill be issued monthly from November to July; normally it will include32 pages, but special features may increase its "size.The paper has been changed — for one reason only, that more illustrations may be included without greater expense.The make-up has, to some extent, been changed. One departmentwill include editorial matter, letters, and special articles; another,alumni news; a third, matters of University record; and a fourth,information concerning undergraduate affairs.The policy, finally, will not be altered, but reasserted: the interestsof the alumni, men and women both, will be kept paramount. To thisend communications from the alumni are particularly desired. In thefirst place, how do we know what you want unless you inform us ? Inthe second place — and more important — how can the alumni become aunited body without a forum made use of for discussion? Have youcomplaints? Have you suggestions? Send them in; they will bewelcome as the flowers in May. It is difference of opinion that makeslife worth living; indifference is another name for death. This boardhas heard publicly expressed many a spicy oral comment on Universityand alumni matters. Come now; take your pen in hand. The sentiment of alma mater is real and beautiful; shall we make it vital ?55AND DISCUSSIONAt the annual autumn dinner of the Chicago Alumni Club, on November 22, an interesting resolution was introduced and passed withoutAlumni as discussion, without an (audible) dissenting vote, and withTrustees a r0ar of applause. It announced the belief of the clubto be that the alumni of the University should have representation onthe Board of Trustees, and respectfully requested the Board to elect tomembership such a representative during the present year.The resolution vigorously opens an important question — whatshould the immediate representation of the alumni be in the government of the university ? That eventually the reins will be in theirhands, as now at Harvard and elsewhere, is of course obvious: thepoint is, what efforts to secure them should be taken now ? The almostdefunct "Congregation" provided places for the alumni, chiefly ornamental ; they are fairly numerous on the faculty, especially those who arealumni of higher degree; and they have a voice in the Board of Physical Culture and Athletics. That is all.The Board of Trustees numbers 21, of whom 14 must be Baptists.It is self-perpetuating. The tenure of seven members expires each year.Except when they decline, the outgoing members are almost alwaysre-elected. The importance of the Board to the welfare of the University, the necessity of making every membership count largely towardthe development of Chicago, need not be dwelt on. Now the alumniare necessarily young. The oldest, if he took all his work here, has beenout of college only fifteen years. Would the interest taken by thegeneral alumni body in having a representative on the board compensatefor his possibly inevitable lack of experience in large affairs ? That interest could of course be one of sentiment only; nobody doubts the sinceredevotion of the present members to their responsibility. But sentiment is powerful. All things considered, the time when alumni shouldput a hand — or at least a finger ? — into the administration of Chicagoseems not far away.Last year saw the organization, and this year anticipates the development, of the Inter-Fraternity Association, a body composed of repre-The Inter- sentatives of sixteen fraternities now existing at theFraternity University, and planned to bring into closer harmonyAssociation their sometimes warring clamor. Two rules, of interestto alumni for their ultimate effect upon the student body, have been56AND DISCUSSION 57adopted, one forbidding "rushing" after half -past seven on Monday toThursday evenings inclusive, the other the "tampering" by one fraternity with any man pledged to another. No violation of the secondrule has been promulgated; four violations of the first were punishedby publicity, the Association in each case giving the facts in the Maroon.A "pan-Hellenic" smoker at the Delta Upsilon house, on November 27,promoted good feeling. The officers of the association are elected fromthe fraternities in rotation; for the present they are: President, M. E.Robinson, Sigma Chi; Vice-President, M. E. Simond, Alpha Delta Phi;Secretary, Hargrave A. Long, Phi Gamma Delta; and Treasurer,Curtis Rogers, Delta Kappa Epsilon.There are many grave questions to be solved by the University andthe fraternities in conjunction. The "rushing," for example, is tooThe Question precipitate, too concentrated, and too expensive in everyof the Three- way. A popular boy is, at the most critical time, almostQuarters Club forcibly prevented from serious study. The result isoften disastrous. The presidents of the Freshman class were for twosuccessive years ignominiously dropped from college. In one case twoyears ago a fraternity suffered the loss of every Freshman member.But perhaps more disturbing even than this often scientific but fatal"rushing" is the question of the Three-Quarters Club. Originallyorganized by such worthy gentlemen as W. F. Anderson, '99, and P. B.Eckhart, '99, as a bond of union among Freshmen, who were at thattime prevented by University regulation from joining a fraternity untilthey had spent "three quarters" in residence, it has now become thetacitly recognized outlet of the hazing spirit. Its members voluntarilysubmit for six weeks to various mild physical and emotional indignities,and at the end of that time pay for an expensive dinner to upper-ciassmen.The "stunts" include wearing green caps with long green ribbons, proceeding always at a run when on the quadrangle, climbing trees, runningraces on hands and knees, and similar performances which the ingenuityof the Sophomores permits them to discover this side of the limit of realhazing. Last year the club was forbidden to demand "stunts" excepton the quadrangle, and between 10:30 and 11:00. This fall the character of the performances was further limited, indulgence in such thingsas "mock prayer-meetings" being strictly forbidden. But the sameeffect, to an unfortunately noticeable extent, is visible on the work ofthe members: the hazing, however mild, being concentrated on a few,those few have too little energy and time for their studies. Last yearat one time 60 per cent of the club were on probation, and as someTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEalways are among the best-known men in the class, the effect uponthe morale of the class as a whole is very bad. The Magazine wouldparticularly welcome communications from the alumni upon this subject.The football season, a review of which will be found upon a subsequent page, was almost entirely satisfactory. That the team wasFootball beaten by a better team at Minnesota seems of littleimportance when one considers its extraordinary rallyin the closing weeks of the campaign. The victory over Cornell wasthought a miracle, but the victory over Wisconsin proved it nothing ofthe sort. The men had found themselves. Had Minnesota, sans Pickering, been encountered on November 25, she might well have gone the wayof Wisconsin. A team was ours in which eleven men all played good parts ;a stock company, so strong everywhere that stars were not required.Prospects for next year are brighter than for a very long time. Rade-macher, Sauer, and Kassulker, three excellent players, retire; but fromthe Freshman squad Scanlan, Gray, Vruwink, Des Jardien, Bennett,and Smith, to name no others, should be of great assistance; and inSpringer, who has returned to the University this year, are the possibilities of a remarkable player. Of course the rules of eligibility may,as they often have, prevent the use of strong men. Public opinion isstill in need of cultivation in the matter of scholarship. A man whosmokes a cigarette in football season is regarded as an outcast and acriminal, but a man who loafs away hours every day when he should betraining his mind is sympathized with in the "misfortune" of his flunk-notice. Yet there are signs that the undergraduate attitude in thisregard is changing.As for the game itself under the revised rules, we at Chicago can onlylisten with astonishment to the eastern chorus of protest. The wise menAbout the have always come from the East, and games won by acci-Rules dent continue to irritate; but (except possibly at Evanston) we won no such, and lost none. Mr. Camp's objections to presentconditions (in Collier's Magazine for December 9) read in some casesoddly to us. "We should check the present continuous string of substitutions" — but Chicago played the same twelve men throughout theCornell and Wisconsin games. "We should allow no coaches to walkup and down the sidelines or speak to the officials" — but nobody sawMr. Stagg doing so. "Some special legislation relating to tackling thatwill still further lessen the liability to injuries" — but nobody was hurtall fall on Marshall Field. As for the interest of the present game, whoAND DISCUSSION 59sat through the Cornell attack in the fourth quarter, or the Chicagodefense on the one-yard line, and went home under the stars withoutstriking his sublime head ? Chicago does not say that the rules shouldremain as they are: these matters are too high at least for this magazine's argument. But we do contend that under the present rulesChicago had a most entertaining season.Meanwhile the Conference situation is undeniably serious. Thereis no fear that Minnesota will withdraw; her representatives declaredThe Matter a^ the December session of the Conference Committeeof Profession- her unalterable determination to stand by. But whatalism will the Conference do ? If the White rule is rescinded,a vote of five to three will carry any legislation; and the legislationproposed is none other than entire professionalism of college athletics.Throughout the college year, it is seriously suggested, a man shouldremain an amateur, turning professional, as an oyster turns bad, onlyin the warm weather! How the eight colleges stand on this matter,only their representatives know, but if the plan is adopted, chaos willreturn. The constantly repeated attempt to secure sympathy for theprofessional baseball player who "may not earn his way through collegeby honest work" is nonsense. Such men are welcome in our colleges;they are as honest gentlemen as any; but if they are allowed to play onour teams, either they make our teams professional or else there is nosuch thing as professionalism, and no real distinction between a professional and an amateur (see Bond's article).But the charge is further made again and again that to refuse theseprofessional players a place on our teams is merely to encourage deceit;Are We "Stupid they lie about their past, and play anyway. Is the chargeor Self- true in fact ? The representative of one university,Deceived"? at $ie meeting of the Conference Committee, said:"I know our baseball men are professionals, but so are yours."Was he right? Mr. Huff, coach of the University of Illinois, declaresthat the so-called "summer baseball" rule is a farce; that a coach whodenies that his men violate it is either stupid or self-deceived. Is Mr.Huff right? In other words are Boyle, or Sauer, or Steinbrecher, orBaird, or the two Robertses lying when they write themselves downeligible? Nobody who knows them believes it. The tradition of theUniversity of Chicago runs too strongly against that kind of dishonesty.Student sentiment in opposition to that kind of lying may be cultivatedas in opposition to any other kind, and as the students come to disbelieveTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEin it, it will tend rapidly to disappear. But even if it sporadically,even if at some institutions (letting Mr. Huff speak for Illinois), it frequently exists, better a few men should lie than that sport for honestsport's sake should be driven from its last refuge in America — the schoolsand colleges. Better a few men should lie knowing that they are violating an accepted principle, than that principle should be done away with.Than such athletics as the permission of professional competition inthem would give, better no athletics whatever.The increasing desire of our higher institutions of learning for closeco-operation with secondary schools is obvious. Whether or not thePlans of secondary schools have forced anybody's hand, recentAdmission to action by various representative universities have madeCollege plain their wish to build an easier bridge from highschool to college. Harvard last year adopted what President Lowellcalls a "sample" plan, examining the applicant for admission in fourselected subjects, and taking the certificate of the school for the rest.Now comes Sheffield Scientific School of Yale, with an increase in therange of elective subjects which may be offered for admission. As atChicago, fifteen units are required. Sheff. prescribes three units ofEnglish; three of language, one of Latin and two of either French orGerman, or else four of language, including two each of French andGerman; one of history; three of mathematics; and one of science.The remaining two units may be elected from among Latin, French,German, history, science, and mechanical drawing. This plan makesentrance possible without Latin, and reduces the number of requiredunits in modern language, history, and science.It is rather a far cry from even these advances to our western system of admission on certificates, and our wide possibilities of election.The Chicago Chicago requires, by the plan put into action this fall,Plan three units of English; three units from some one group ofsubjects — languages, or mathematics, or history, or science; two unitsfrom another of these groups: two units of any combination withinthe four groups — as for example one of history and one of science. Theother five units are elective — what the school offers the Universitywill take, and take without examination. In other words, Chicago, likeits sister-institutions of the West, says to the high school in effect,"Train the boy or girl as you think best for the needs of your community;then, if you send him to college, we will accept him and try him out inour courses." What the effect will be of this intimacy of school andAND DISCUSSION 61college, it is too early to predict. But even the straws of Harvard andSheff. show how the wind blows.Meanwhile, what has been the immediate effect of the new planupon Chicago's attendance? Complete figures are not yet available;Its Effect on but some comparisons may be made. In the AutumnAttendance Quarter, 1909, the Junior Colleges numbered 917; in1910, only 900; this fall, 997. The figures for the Senior Colleges are:autumn of 1909, 412; of 1910, 426; this fall, 461. The GraduateSchool numbered: autumn of 1909, 451; of 1910, 447; at present, 500.It would seem therefore that the total gain in the Junior Colleges of 97students, or 10 per cent, though partly to be accounted for by thematerial increase, is too large to be altogether explained in that way.Apparently the new plan attracted something like thirty or fortystudents who would otherwise either not have gone to college, or goneelsewhere. This is the more remarkable in that the scheme was adoptedin June, too late in the school year to become widely known.The figures of attendance in general show an increase. The undergraduates, not including the unclassified students, number 1,458, asAttendance in compared to 1,326 last fall. Unclassified students haveGeneral increased from 123 in 1910 to 160. Graduate students,not including the so-called "professional" schools of Law, Medicine,Divinity, and Education, have increased from 447 to 500; and theprofessional schools from 730 to 788. Excluding duplications andthe University College, the total attendance in the Autumn Quarterhas been 2,666 — an increase of 194 over the Autumn Quarter a yearago. The percentage of men and women is as follows: among theundergraduates, men 55, women 45; among the graduates, men, 60,women 40; in the professional schools, exclusive of the College of Education, men 93, women 7; in the College of Education, men 14, women86; (exclusive of duplications) men 56, women 44, or almost exactly thesame as for the undergraduate body.In connection with this analysis of attendance on the basis of sex,a recent analysis of the grades given in the various sections of EnglishGrades in 1 may be mentioned. English 1, required of all studentsEnglish 1 in their first quarter of residence, had this fall an attendance of 403, and was run in fourteen sections, seven of men and seven ofwomen. Sixteen students of marked competence were excused from thecourse, and 45 of marked incompetence were sent into a preliminarycourse, English o. Counting the grades of the 16 as above C, and thoseTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEof the 45 as below C, and taking the rank of all the regular attendantsupon the course, 175 Freshmen ranked above C, 132 exactly C, and157 below C. The percentages are: above C, 38.7, C, 28.5, below C,32.8. But when we compare the women and the men, we perceive avast discrepancy. Of the men 73, or 30.2 per cent, ranked above C;71, or 29.5 per cent, C; and 97, or 40.3 per cent, below C. Of thewomen, 102, or 45.7 per cent, ranked above; 61, or 27.3 per cent, C;and only 60, or 27 per cent, below. Whatever the ultimate achievementof the men may be, their sisters far outshine them in their first appearanceon the University stage.The annual Hart, Schaffner and Marx prize of $1,000 for the besteconomic essay was won for 191 1 by Harold G. Moulton, '07. HisMoulton, '07, subject was "Waterways versus Railways."Wins $1,000 The great public interest in this question and theconstant demands upon Congress for the appropriationof enormous sums of money for the reconstruction of the waterways ofthe country first attracted Mr. Moulton's attention a couple of yearsago. It was soon discovered that the popular enthusiasm in the matterwas merely an unreasoned conviction of the advantages of water transportation and that there had been no real investigation whatever of thefeasibility of canals under modern conditions of transportation. Thisdiscovery led Mr. Moulton to undertake a thorough investigation of theentire subject in connection with his graduate work in political economyin the University.It was found in the course of the study that the experience of European countries had been so largely drawn upon in support of the movement in the United States that an adequate treatment of the subjectnecessitated a first-hand study of foreign waterways. Accordingly in1910 Mr. Moulton spent six months abroad, as a Traveling Fellow ofthe University, studying the conditions of transportation in England,Germany, France, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Besides the waterways of the above countries Mr. Moulton has discussed the history andthe causes of the decline of water transportation in the United States;and has taken up in detail the most important of the waterway schemesnow before this country, namely the Lakes-to-Gulf, Erie Canal, andOhio River projects. The general conclusions reached are that the dayof extensive canal transportation is now forever past, that it is only inrare instances, where conditions are exceptionally favoring, that watertransportation is feasible. The enormous cost of constructing canalsas compared with railways renders water transportation, contrary toAND DISCUSSION 63the popular belief, much more costly than transportation by rail. Thisis true in the chief countries of Europe no less than in the United States,and it is only by means of enormous subsidies that water transportationis maintained on the Continent. The study will be published in bookform in the near future by Houghton Mifflin Company.Mr. Moulton spent two years at Albion College. He was graduatedfrom Chicago in 1907. In 1908 he pursued postgraduate study inpolitical economy in the University, and the year following was instructorin economics in Evanston Academy. In 19 10 and 191 1 he was Fellowand Assistant in Economics in the University, and is now an instructor.As frontispiece for this issue of the Magazine is a reproduction of anew portrait of Mr. Charles L. Hutchinson, which was painted forThe Hutchinson Hutchinson Hall by Mr. Louis Betts, of Chicago. ThePortrait portrait is life-size. It is now on exhibition at the ArtInstitute. Mr. Hutchinson is one of the original trustees of the University and has been its treasurer from the beginning. The donor ofHutchinson Hall is one of the most public-spirited and progressive menof Chicago. He has been for more than twenty-five years president ofthe Art Institute; he is a member of the Theodore Thomas OrchestralAssociation and a director of the Chicago Grand Opera Company; amember of the Municipal Art League of Chicago and of the South ParkCommission; vice-president of the Corn Exchange National Bank, andtreasurer of the Sanitary District, and one of the originators and officersof the Cliff-Dwellers of Chicago. He has also been one of the mosteffective advocates of the Chicago plan for beautifying the city, whichhas only recently received a remarkable impulse toward realization.In short, Mr. Hutchinson is one of a group of Chicago citizens devotedto the development of her great institutions, and the University of Chicago is especially glad to have this portrait of one of its ablest and oldestfriends.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEHARPER MEMORIAL LIBRARYAs It Appeared, December, 'i 910HARPER MEMORIAL LIBRARYAs It Appeared, December, 191 1IMPRISONMENT OF CRIMINALCORPORATIONS1WHILE the suggestion that a law-breaking corporation should beimprisoned may have a somewhat radical sound, it may, on secondthought, appear to be more conservative than the prevailing cry of theday that negligent directors and dummy officers should pay the penaltyof imprisonment for wrong-doing, conceived for the benefit of, andworked out for the profit of, stockholders who are not legally liable topunishment.The whole tendency of modern penal legislation is toward findingand imposing penalties which shall be not merely deterrent punishments,but measures of reform. To subject a corporation to a fine has provenan ineffective measure. The punishment of individual officers cannever be effective or satisfactory.The imprisonment of a corporation would be accomplished by aprocess similar to a receivership. On a sentence of imprisonmentbeing pronounced, the court would place the corporation in the handsof those designated by the statute; perhaps, following the receivershipanalogy, persons chosen by the court as fitted to manage the businessinvolved and made officers of the government for that purpose. Underthe control of these receivers, whom I may designate marshal receivers,to distinguish them from civil receivers, the corporate entity would bekept alive just as an individual prisoner is fed, given a habitation, andpermitted to labor for the benefit of his health, and for the benefit of thestate. The entire affairs of the corporation would be subject to thescrutiny of the federal officers; illegal contracts, in violation of the antitrust law or the interstate commerce law, would be exposed and could beabrogated; and, during the term of imprisonment, suited, not to theoffense, but to the proper amount of time necessary to reform a concern,the entire organization could be put on a basis of healthy business so thatit might, at the end, be turned back to its stockholders as a legitimateenterprise. It may be assumed that they would welcome it with all thejoy with which a family greets the return of the wage-earning convict.1 A r6sume of suggestions made before the Interstate Commerce Committee ofthe United States Senate during its inquiry with regard to the anti-Trust Law,December 12, iqii.65THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETo some it may seem reasonable that a proportion of the legitimateearnings of such a concern should be returned to the stockholders, though,in accordance with the treatment of individual convicts, the entireamount might be appropriated by the state. To maintain stablecredit, probably the interest on bonded indebtedness should be paid,if earned, although the debtors of the individual convict are not permitted to require such payments of interest on his loans from the proceedsof his labor in the penitentiary.WHAT HARM WOULD IT DO?In the first place, according to sound legal precedents affecting thisconsideration, there are no innocent stockholders in an illegitimateenterprise. If a number of persons combine, either to furnish servicesor capital for an illegal undertaking, there are no authoritative precedentsfrom which they may argue that a court should not confiscate theircapital. And yet the imprisonment urged is not confiscation, but merelytemporary restraint. If one invests property in a concern operating alottery or any other gambling device prohibited by law, such propertyis liable to confiscation on a theory stated by Bishop, the authority oncriminal law, as follows: "When the thing which is the subject ofproperty passes into a situation antagonistic to the law, its owner maylose his ownership in it, whether personally guilty of crime or not,because the thing has offended."There are no innocent stockholders in the great enterprises at presentbeing subjected to dissolution, or whose dissolution is being demanded bythe government. Every adult person able to read, who has invested inthe stock of such corporations, invested on the assumption that he orshe was ready and willing to promote and share in the profits of anenterprise of doubtful legality. If a man invests money in an apparentlylegal enterprise and discovers that he is thereby assisting in violatingthe law, he has the alternative of accepting his responsibility as a stockholder and demanding lawful management, or he can put his shares upfor sale to anyone who wishes to assume the risk and responsibility of thesituation. It seems that such a responsibility upon the stockholder mighthave a healthy effect upon the stock market in making law-abiding, aswell as profit producing, management a factor in determining the marketprice of stocks.The investor-stockholder is interested in having all business law-abiding, in relieving it from fears of disturbance through politicalattack from the outside, or treachery and graft from within, and theOF CRIMINAL CORPORATIONS 67experienced investor-stockholder knows that the officer who is willingto violate his obligations to the government is usually not particularlysensitive to his obligations to his stockholders.WHAT GOOD WOULD IT DO?There is a great clamor for publicity in corporate affairs, yet anyoneconcerned with business must feel that a reasonable privacy is essentialto the profitable conduct of private enterprise. But, should a corporation offend against the law, the public should have the right to completeknowledge of the corporation's actions and organization, first, for theenlightenment of the public, and, second, as a penalty for the failure ofthe corporation to live up to its obligations.Where a corporation should be found guilty of monopolizing morethan its legitimate share of trade, the marshal receivers in control of theimprisoned organization could work out, during the term of the imprisonment, the manner of reducing its trade control within legal limits, carryout the project, and return the redeemed corporation to its stockholdersas a useful (though artificial) member of the community.Lastly, one general statement should be made: Since we have,in our modern life, artificial persons created by the state; endowed,within physical limits, with all the powers of natural persons, andhaving, as a fundamental idea of their creation, less responsibility,should it not be the effort of all legislation dealing with corporationsto place them as nearly as possible on a plane of equal responsibilitywith individuals, subject to similar legal restraints and punishments ?So long as we permit at large in the community, artificial persons,through which real persons will work out criminal acts, and permitour hands to be tied by ancient decisions and wornout reasoning, admitting our inability to confine these Frankensteins, as we would confinehuman criminals, we shall have a constant, unsolved problem on ourhands. Provision for the criminal receivership, suggested as a method ofconfinement, would only affect one phase of that problem. But it maybe urged, logically, that a long step would be taken toward its finalsolution in the passage of such legislation as would provide adequatepunishment for the corporate felon — the imprisonment of the criminalcorporation itself.Donald R. Richberg, 'oiOF UNDERGRADUATEMEN FOR INTERCOLLEGIATEATHLETICSIT has been generally known for years that the Department of Physical Culture and Athletics of the University of Chicago laborsunder a very definite handicap because only a relatively small number ofmen are available for intercollegiate teams. It is doubtful, however,whether anyone interested in University athletics realizes that the difference between the numbers at Chicago and at the neighboring institutionswith whom Chicago competes is so great as a careful inquiry shows it tobe. The following figures giving the maximum number of studentsavailable for intercollegiate competition at Chicago during the year1909-10 were collected for another purpose, but the number unexpectedlyproved so small that the idea of comparing it with the number of studentsavailable for intercollegiate teams in some of the neighboring institutions suggested itself at once.The search for material for this .purpose disclosed a wide variation inthe forms in which records of attendance in the different institutionsare kept. It was not possible in all cases to secure from the annualcatalogues or from the registrars exact figures of the attendance ofmen divided into the various classes. It is to be supposed, therefore,that there are minor mistakes in the figures for some of the institutionsrepresented in the table, caused by the necessity for estimating theproportion of Freshmen in the student body. Figures were obtainedfrom the catalogues of Northwestern University, Purdue University,the University of Minnesota, the University of Wisconsin, and theUniversity of Illinois, and, when necessary, by actual count of the menin the various groups. These, supplemented by information given bythe respective registrars, show as follows (see next page).The Chicago figures permit analysis by quarters and show the effecton the attendance of dropping students for poor work at the end of thevarious quarters during the year.This table of comparisons gains added significance when we considerthat Chicago maintains intercollegiate teams in swimming, cross-countryrunning, gymnastics, fencing, wrestling, tennis, and soccer football, in68MEN IN INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETICS 69University Total Undergraduate Men Freshmen Number Availablefor IntercollegiateCompetitionNorthwestern 3941,6302,1002,497736668632 1494831,002 (est.)1,084(260 special)306294293 2451,1471,1981,3121,41343°394339Purdue Minnesota Wisconsin Illinois Chicago:Autumn, 1909 Winter, 1910 Spring, 1910 The Northwestern figures are for the Evanston department only, and do not include the men in thecity departments who are available for intercollegiate teams. Complete statistics on this point could notbe procured.The Minnesota records did not differentiate between Freshmen and upper-classmen, so an estimatewas made allowing 43 per cent for Freshmen and special students. This figure was based upon the highestactual percentage at other colleges, which varied from 30 per cent at Purdue to 43 per cent at Illinoisand Chicago.The Wisconsin figures were secured by an actual count of the names of male students in the second,third, and fourth years of the College of Letters and Science, the Engineering School, and the "LongCourse" in Agriculture, and of the second and third years in Medicine and Pharmacy.addition to football, baseball, track, and basket-ball. It is of furtherinterest to note that the total membership of these teams during theyear 1909-10 was 108, comprising 81 different individuals. Fifty-nineof these men took part in only one branch of athletics, eighteen competedin two branches, three in three branches, and one in four branches ofathletics. That is to say, 18.84 Per cent of the largest number ofstudents available in any one quarter for intercollegiate athletic competition actually represented the University in intercollegiate athletics during the year.The above figures give some idea of the difficulties under which theUniversity athletic authorities are laboring. They show also thethoroughness with which the search for material is carried on in theUniversity, and the excellence of the instruction which has enabledthe Chicago teams to make their highly creditable record.Joseph E. Raycroft, '96BASEBALL"THE Intercollegiate Conference is now considering a very radicalchange in its rules of eligibility, namely, that which will permitmembers of baseball teams to play professional baseball during summervacations without disqualifying themselves for intercollegiate competition. A strong feeling on my part that this is a step in the wrong direction and should be brought to the attention of the alumni is myexcuse for this communication.The main purposes of the Conference Organization are the regulationof intercollegiate athletic competition, the maintenance of athleticideals, and, whenever possible, progress toward the realization of theseideals. Most of us believe that intercollegiate athletics must be basedon some ideal other than commercialism, if they are to endure. Thereare two arguments chiefly used by those who favor the proposed change :First, that it is not fair to deprive a man who needs the money ofthe opportunity to earn part of the expense of his college course byplaying professional baseball in vacation time. To this it may beanswered, that it would be unfair to deprive him of this opportunity, buthe is not at present so deprived, nor was it ever intended that he shouldbe. If he needs the money and can best make it in that way, by allmeans let him play. But there is no reason why he should retain hiseligibility for intercollegiate competition.The second argument, and that used most strongly, is that it isimpossible to keep men from playing professional baseball and subsequentperjury in declaring themselves eligible for competition under the presentrules. It is said even that the present rules are an invitation to perjurywhich proves too strong for the men themselves and which results in acondition beyond the control of the universities — a pitiable confessionfor a great university to make and a serious situation indeed if it weretrue. Following such a line of reasoning one would ask if the statuteagainst larceny should not be annulled because theft persists in spiteof the marked disapproval of society and a determined effort to prevent it.There is also a condition which has perhaps in some quarters moreforce than an argument, and that is that a recent investigation hasrevealed facts which disqualify a very large proportion of eligible menon account of participation in professional baseball in violation of the70BASEBALL" 71present rule. Most of us believe that a rule against summer baseballcan be enforced if it is backed up by university spirit and the sinceresupport of the whole university — by the students as well as the universityitself. That conditions are bad in some cases is an argument for thepresent rule rather than against it. If we begin to take our rules fromthe basis of ideals and progress and fit them to conditions we admitto be bad, as the Irishman says, " Where shall we be when we get there ? "The question is not, what must we do to accommodate ourselvesto bad conditions, but what should we do to correct these conditions ?Where may we look for ideals of athletic competition, if not to ouruniversities? Have universities no responsibility for the conduct andassociations of their students? They certainly have in so far as suchcontrol may be properly exercised. No one seriously denies that playingprofessional baseball and the associations which go with it exercise abad influence on a college student, however harmless they may be inlater life. This being so, how is the university to show its disapprovalof such a course ? There is only one way, and that is by barring professionals from the university teams. The men cannot be prevented fromearning a living in any honest way that is necessary, and this is as itshould be; but shall the necessity of a few individuals be permitted tobring about an extinction of amateur ideals and an effacement of thatresponsibility for reasonable guardianship of its students of which nouniversity may honorably divest itself ?It should be said too, that if professionalism is permitted in baseball,by all the arguments used it should be permitted in track athletics andfootball, and with this principle logically extended, should we not havean admirable condition of affairs ? A tour of the whole Chicago team(all as individuals playing professional summer baseball under theproposed rule) would be a pleasing spectacle. Of course, this is anextreme instance, but it shows the direction in which the proposedchange tends. Let us hope the universities of the Conference uponconsideration will realize their responsibilities and refuse to take thisstep backward.William Scott Bond, '97KLEIN ON THE UNIVERSITYON opening Abbe Felix Klein's new book, America of Tomorrow,one finds the frontispiece a picture of the Abbe at the door ofMandel Hall, the Introduction written, at the Abbe's request by Professor Charles R. Henderson, and a whole chapter devoted to the Universityof Chicago, including the Daily Maroon and the Delta U dog. Much ofthis chapter is statistical and historical, but two or three personal experiences at the University are reported, with all the geniality and candorfamiliar to readers of In the Land of the Strenuous Life.It will be remembered that when Abbe Klein visited Chicago in 1907he officiated at Mandel Hall as University preacher, and it is interestingto learn how the occasion impressed the visitor himself:On Sunday at eleven o'clock, preceded by choristers in cap and gown, we, FatherO'Callaghan and I, in our soutanes and birettas, proceeded up the immense nave ofMandel Hall, where was gathered a crowd of two thousand persons, sympathetic anda little curious, probably one-third of them Catholics and the remaining two-thirdsProtestants. The procession having arrived at the chancel, hymns and Psalms,given out by the Superior of the Paulists (Father O'Callaghan), were sung. Afterwards, he spoke a few words to bring out the touching character of the meeting, andhe read in a penetrating tone of voice the seventeenth chapter of St. John: "That theyall may be one; as thou, Father, art in me and I in thee." .... Father O'Callaghanadded, translating the common emotion, "O Lord, let us never hate one another in thyHoly Name." ....I had taken as a subject the Common Creed of Christendom, that is to say theApostles' Creed, kept in the same terms by Catholics and the various branches ofProtestantism. After having clearly declared "that the friendship attested by thismeeting rested on no misunderstanding, that there was no question of not realizingour too real difference (notably concerning religious authority)," I recalled the factthat we all, as Christians, held in common the respect of the same holy books, the samemoral teaching (that of the Decalogue and the Gospels), and, above all, the sameformula of faith, the Common Creed of Christendom. I tried to set forth the gloriouspath of this symbol of the Apostles through all the ages, from the times of the catacombs, the conversion of Roman emperors and barbarian hordes, from St. Irenaeusand Tertullian down to our own days. And I added: "At the Cape, at Melbourne, atNew York the Creed of the martyrs of Rome and Antioch and Lyons is being recited;and today a Roman Catholic priest comes from the banks of the Seine to the banks ofLake Michigan, from ancient Lutetia to young Chicago, to glorify the same symbolof the Apostles before Christians, for the most part separated from him on manypoints, but happy to repeat with him, or rather, with the chosen of humanity: Ibelieve in God, the Father Almighty and in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord." ....72KLEIN ON THE UNIVERSITY 73Speaking of the Department of Ecclesiastical Sociology, Abbe Kleinremarks:The professor and director of this department is Mr. Charles R. Henderson, whosemvestigations in Europe, as well as his publications, notably that on the Social Spiritin America, have earned him a world-wide reputation. I would not risk woundinghis modesty by again naming him apart from his colleagues, had he not left in Germany,London, and Paris many precious friendships, and shown to what a degree of moraland intellectual supremacy these Americans can arrive, whom we look upon as educatedbarbarians About student life he says:What struck me as being quite characteristic is the way in which the life of thestudents is laid out so that they should feel constantly responsible for themselves andat the same time run no risk of isolation I was invited to Beecher House bythe directress, Miss Elizabeth Wallace, an amiable and learned pupil in Romancephilology of my friend the Abbe Rousselot. There were thirty girls there, and houseand hostesses, meals and conversation, all breathed distinction, simplicity, and anunstudied and carefree cordiality I had the pleasure of being invited to the Delta Upsilons', thanks to my youngfriend Harvey B. Fuller, one of the members, the very man who had piloted me fromJamestown to Chautauqua, and a typical Chicago student I do not rememberwhat we had to eat, but I know everyone drank water, and at the end of the mealonly, the darkey offered us our choice between a cup of coffee and a glass of milk.After luncheon we went into the sitting-room and listened to some amusing songs,until I asked for the college hymn, when they all rose and gravely chanted :"Tonight we gladly sing the praiseOf Her who owns us as her sons "They finished the third stanza, and I felt quite moved by these solemn, almostreligious, accents, when suddenly they let out an unearthly, savage yell: "Chicago!Chicago ! Chicago-go ! " And I saw Mick the dog, who had been very quiet during thehymn, begin to frisk about and howl scarcely less humanly than the others:"Chicago-go!"In reporting his impressions of the University he does not neglectthe Daily Maroon:With so many elements of personal life and initiative, the Chicago students cannotfail to have their own press; and indeed they edit and publish a paper, the DailyMaroon, whose four bright and sprightly pages give an agreeable medley of scholasticinformation, humorous articles, advertisements, accounts of the courses, sportingnews, plans for holiday trips, and serious descriptions of settlement or other socialwork Money [Abbe Klein concludes] can no more buy knowledge than it can buy happiness; but if it is true, as is generally conceded, that it can greatly contribute to happiness, how much more can it contribute to knowledge, when, as here, it is generously,loyally, and without stint or conditions applied toward the advancement of learning !Edgar J. Goodspeed, '97AFFAIRSTHE COLLEGE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONCollege Alumni Association ExecutiveCommittee Meeting. — Plans for a meetingof the College Alumni Association on thecampus at the June, 191 2, Convocationwere discussed at the quarterly meeting ofthe Executive Committee of that organization on Thursday, November 23, in thesecretary's office in Ellis Hall. It was reported at the meeting that there is astrong sentiment among the members infavor of an annual gathering whichboth men and women graduates of theUniversity may attend. Miss MarieOrtmayer, '06, was named as a committeeof one to confer with the officers of theChicago Alumnae Club and to communicate the wishes of the alumnae at thenext meeting of the Executive Committeein January. The plan regarded withmost favor contemplates separate dinnersfor the men and the women, followed bya joint vaudeville and dance. Theannual reunion of the association was notheld last June on account of the men'shome-coming. Charles S. Winston, '96,president of the association presided.Roy Baldridge attended as the representative of the class of 191 1.Alumni Council — December Meeting.— New plans for the promotion of theUniversity of Chicago Magazine amongthe alumni were adopted by the AlumniCouncil at its December meeting onTuesday, December 12, in the secretary's office in Ellis Hall. Two specialcampaigns were decided on, to be madeby the secretaries of the Association ofDoctors of Philosophy and the LawSchool Association, while letters will besent to the baccalaureate alumni ingeneral.The Council has placed on the tabletwo motions to amend its by-laws, whichare to be voted on at the meeting inJanuary. The first allows both chairmen and members of the Council committees to be selected from outside theCouncil. The present by-law stipulatesthat chairmen of the committees must be members of the Council. The secondamendment proposes to substitute theOctober meeting as the date for theannual election of officers, in place of ameeting in June. The June meeting hasbeen found impracticable.The Council discussed without takingaction a plan to give the two alumni clubsof Chicago two delegates each in theCouncil with the rights and privilegesof the delegates from the associations.The argument in favor of the proposal isthat the clubs now constitute the mostimportant alumni activity of the University, and while neither is as large asone of the alumni associations, they areconsiderably more effective as organizations. In this way it is hoped also tointerest the clubs in the larger alumniwork, in which they have taken nointerest.Reports were received from the treasurer, Rudolph E. Schreiber, '06, whoannounced that he had a little over $28on hand; and from William J. McDowell,'03, of the Committee on Alumni Clubs,and the secretary. The latter reportedthe formation of an alumni club amongthe graduates of the University atHarvard University and at Mt. HolyokeCollege, Springfield, Mass.; as well asthe appointment of a temporary committee in Omaha, looking forward tothe organization of the Omaha club.Joy Clark, '10, Frederick Baird, '08,and Wilson A. Austin, '08, are amongthe alumni actively interested in theOmaha club. Definite arrangements forthe dinner of the Eastern Alumni Clubin New York City on January 27, 1912,have been concluded. President HarryPratt Judson will be the guest. Onaccount of his southern trip PresidentJudson will be unable to attend thedinners planned for Pittsburgh, Washington, and Philadelphia, and it is probablethat another representative of the University will be sent.Charles S. Winston, '96, chairman ofthe Council, presided at the meeting.74AFFAIRS 75Report on the Home-coming. — WilliamScott Bond, treasurer of the Home-ComingCommittee which had charge of the eventsof June 17, 191 1, has made the followingreport :Cr.Total receipts from contributions $1,422 . 60Dr.ExpendituresFireworks $ 500.00D inner at Commons . 2 7 5 . 00Music and badges ... 46 . 50Postage, printing,wages 468 . 5 1Miscellaneous 55- 50$1,345.51Balance on hand inbank 77-09 $1,422.60The Alumni Council has recommendedto the committee that the amount onhand be turned over to the ChicagoAlumni Club, to meet the deficit in thetreasury of that organization.The Harvard Club. — University of Chicago alumni and former students in Harvard University formed the Harvard Clubof Chicago Alumni, November 10, in Cambridge. The meeting was held in a restaurant. Gilbert A. Bliss, '97, presided.The Chicago football victories were celebrated and all Chicago songs were sungunder the leadership of Vallee Appel, 'n,with "Billy" Merrill, ex-'i2, at thepiano. The following officers werechosen :President — Calvin O. Smith, '11.Vice-President — William Merrill, ex-' 12.Secretary-Treasurer — Paul D. Karsten,ex-' 13.Present at the meeting were ValleeAppel, 'n; Gilbert A. Bliss, '97; HaroldBruning, Robert Burke, Emmet Beach,ex-'i2; Paul Harper, '08; Gardner Hale,Tyler Henshaw, 'n; Paul Karsten, ex-' 1 3 ;J. Arthur Miller, William Merrill, ex-'i2;Yet C. Owyang, ex-'io; Norman Parker,Leslie Parker, Elliot Smith, ex-'i2; CalvinO. Smith, 'n; and Wayne Wellman, exr'U.The Rocky Mountain Alumni Club.— The fifth annual dinner of the RockyMountain Alumni Club was held November 28, in the Albany at Denver, Colo.Wardner Williams, ex, presided, andaddresses were made by Alice M. Kracko-wizer, '06, who spoke on "An Alumna's Thanksgiving"; Milton C. Potter, Ph.M.'05, on "Mother"; Harry E. Purinton,D.B., '97, on "The Scholar, a Good Citizen"; and Cora D. Cowperthwaite, '08,on "The Poor Tortured Woman Question." Various members of the clubcontributed informal reminiscences of Chicago life. The menu and program contained a reproduction of the drawing byThomas Wood Stevens, appearing onthe front cover of the Magazine.News from the Classes. —1880Ernest W. Clement is a member ofthe faculty of the First College, Tokyo,Japan.1897Grace Darling, Ph.M., '02, lecturedon "Practical Work Done" before thecivics committee of the WoodlawnWomen's Club on the afternoon ofNovember 28. Miss Darling, who isengaged in sociological work, has beenfor some time head of the South EndCenter in South Chicago.1899Morton A. Mergentheim, A.M., '01,has been appointed chief assistant cityattorney of Chicago by Mayor Carter H.Harrison. Mr. Mergentheim took hislaw degree from Northwestern University in 1903, being admitted to thebar the same year. In the followingyears he was connected with the lawfirms of Moran, Mayer and Mayer;Eugene E. Prussing; and SigmundZeisler, of whom he became a partner.Since 1908 he has been practicing lawalone. Mr. Mergentheim for the pastfive years has been a professor at theJohn Marshall Law School.Norman K. Anderson, who took hislaw degree at the University of Michigan,and was admitted to the bar in 1901,is one of the younger men of note at thebar of Cook County. Mr Anderson isa son of Galusha Anderson, president-emeritus of the old University of Chicago.Ernest A. Scrogin spoke on "Anti-Saloon Work" before the Men's Class ofthe Hyde Park Baptist Church on Sunday, December 17. Mr. Scrogin isstate superintendent of the Anti-SaloonLeague of Illinois.1900Harry N. Gottlieb ran for mayor atthe recent election in Sheridan, Wyo.,THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEbut was defeated. He was successful,however, in securing for the city a commission form of government.Florence Parker, residing in Eau Claire,Wis., delivered two lectures under theauspices of the Winona Bible Circle inthat city on December 10 and u. Inthe first lecture she described Palestineas she saw it, and her second talk concerned certain new phases of religiouseducation.igoiHarry O. Gillett appeared on the program of the Conference on SummerOutings and Boys' Camps, held at Abraham Lincoln Centre on December 6.His subject was "Outings for OlderBoys."1902Professor George E. Myers has resigned the principalship of the McKinleyManual Training School, Washington,D.C., to become principal of the StateNormal School at Pittsburg, Kan. Professor Myers received his Doctor'sdegree in 1906 from Clark University,and was for some time principal of thehigh school at Colorado Springs.David A. Robertson and Mrs. Robertson sailed Saturday, December 9, forSpain, where they will spend the winter.1904Hay ward D. Warner, assayer andchemist, announces the new location ofhis offices at 924, Eighteenth St., Denver,Colo.Mrs. Maude M. Greene, Ph.B.; Ed.B.,resides at 2121 Washington St., Lincoln,Neb.Katherine Stilwell spoke at an educational symposium before the Engle-wood Woman's Club on the afternoon ofNovember 20.1905Grace E. Trumbull may be addressedat 737 Ashbury St., San Francisco.1907Pauline R. Horn is teaching at Des-plaines, her home address being 141 2East Fifty-seventh Street.Myrtle Judson lives at 5328 JacksonAve.Carl L. Rahn has succeeded RowlandHaynes as instructor in the departmentof psychology at the University of Minnesota. Following his graduation from theUniversity, Mr. Rahn pursued graduatework at Harvard University and theUniversity of Bonn, Germany. At the latter institution he studied underthe noted German psychologist ProfessorOswald Kuelpe. Mr. Rahn is at present preparing a book, intended to bringabout a better understanding betweenAmerican and European psychologists.He has taught at the Universities ofColorado and Pittsburgh.Mrs. Ozra Z. Gould, nee Evelyn S.Cornelius, formerly at Seoul, Korea, isnow located at Vancouver, B.C.George M. Calhoun, Ph.D., 'n, hasbeen newly appointed instructor in Greekat the University of Texas at Austin.1909Charles Strull, J.D., '10, is superintendent of the Federation of Charitiesin Louisville, Ky., with offices at 531South First St.Mary Stickney Allen has been appointed assistant in geology at the University of Illinois.Helen Butler resides at 114 Buell Ave.,Joliet, 111.1910Nova J. Beal teaches Latin and English in the Washington Union HighSchool, at Oleander, Cal.Nels M. Hokanson, director of ArdenShore Camp, spoke on "Benefits of Largeand Small Camps" at the Conference ofSummer Outings and Boys' Camps, held atAbraham Lincoln Centre on December 6.1911Edison E. Oberholtzer, formerly engaged in educational work at Evans-ville, Ind., has accepted the superin-tendency of the Clinton, Ind. schools.Myra Reed, editor of the PianoMagazine, lives at 6338 Kimbark Ave.Cyrus L. Baldridge, with the Jahn andOilier Company, recently gave a chalktalk before the people of his home townat Kewanee, III.Conrado Benitez, A.M., '12, is engaged in educational work under thePhilippine government service. He maybe reached at 430 General Solano, Manila,P.I.1912Edward Hall is affiliated with theEmployer's Liability Insurance Corporation of London in the Chicago office.Marriages. —'98. Henrietta Isman Goodrich,daughter of Mrs. Charles Miller Goodrich, and Bernard Joseph Rothwell, onAFFAIRS 11Tuesday, November 28, at the Church ofMary Immaculate of Lourdes, Newton,Upper Falls, Mass. After March 1, 1912,the couple will be at home at "Sunny-side," North Hill, Needham, Mass.'99. Dr. Ralph C. Hamill and Margaret Hunt, daughter of Mrs. James A.Hunt of Winnetka, 111., on August 30.Dr. Hamill is assistant to Dr. HughPatrick, specialist in nervous diseases.'05. Edna Lisle Martin and ThomasD. Coppuck on June 1 at Ogden, Utah.Mr. and Mrs. Coppuck are at presentlocated at La Sorbonne, Paris, wherethey are studying, but after 191 2 willreturn to the United States, to residein California.'05. James Ray Ozanne and CarryMae Nusbaum, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.J. F. Nusbaum of Middlebury, Ind., in theSt. Paul's Lutheran Church of Middle-bury. The bride is a graduate of Northwestern University. Albert Balch Houghton, '07, J.D. '09, served as best man.The couple are living at 2637 StewartAve., Evanston, 111.'07. Walter Taylor, ex, and MarjorieWells, ex-' 10, on October 21. MissWells is a member of Mortar Board, andMr. Wells of the Delta Kappa Epsilonfraternity.'08. Florence A. Trumbull, ex, andClarence Clayes Talcott, on March 22,It will be pleasing to members of theDoctors' Association to know thatunder the new arrangement of the University Magazine ample space will begiven to alumni news, and the Doctors'Association will be accorded its fullshare. The Secretary hereby requeststhe co-operation of all members in collecting news items. It is especiallydesired that all changes of address,promotions, important publications, elections to scientific societies, etc., shouldbe reported promptly.The total number of Doctors, includingthose who received their degrees at theAutumn Convocation, 1910 is now 660.Of this number 16 are deceased. Thegroup circulars now issued by the University contain complete lists of theDoctors by departments together, withthe titles of their theses and their latestaddresses. These circulars may be hadupon application. In this way each 1911, at Van Vleck, Texas. They liveon Phi Pi Ranch near Van Vleck.'09. Ruby Ellen Woods, niece of Dr.and Mrs. Frank S. Whitman of Belvidere,111., and Clarence Floss Williams ofCleveland, Ohio, at the Whitman residence on the afternoon of September5. Mr. Williams is an alumnus of theUniversity of Illinois and a member ofthe editorial staff of the Cleveland Leader.'09. Raymond L. Quigley, ex, ofPrinceton, 111., and Lou Mildred Lawler,on Tuesday, August 22, at the home ofthe bride in Rushville, 111. Mr. Quigleywas a member of the Chicago trackteam, and for the past year has beenacting as athletic coach and Englishinstructor in the high school at Aberdeen, S.D.'10. Cole Yates Rowe and LouiseOsborn, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J.Harrison Osborn of "The Paddington,"660 Graceland Ave. Mr. Rowe isengaged in the insurance business.Following an eastern trip Mr. and Mrs.Rowe will be at home after February 1at the Virginia Hotel.'12. Edward H. Krell, ex, and GailPostlewaite, both of Rock Island, 111.Mr. Krell is connected with the Tri-State Oil Company. Mr. and Mrs. Krellreside at 2225 Seventh Ave., RockIsland.member may keep informed as to the newDoctors in his department and with thechanges taking place from year to year.In this connection it will be of interestto all members to see how our University,still young in fact as well as in comparison with most of the institutions of thisclass, takes a leading position in the output of Doctors. The following dataare taken from the annual resume"printed in Science for August 18, 191 1.This report contains comparative tablesshowing the average numbers of doctorates in all subjects for each of 44universities for the ten years, 1898-1907,the total number for the fourteen years,1 898-1 9 1 1, the actual number for eachof the years,. 1908, 1909, 1910, 191 1,together with the corresponding datafor doctorates in the sciences includingmathematics.The universities which have conferredmore than 100 doctorates during theTHE ASSOCIATION OF DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHYTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINElast fourteen years are: Columbia 555,Chicago 545, Harvard 495, Yale 452,Johns Hopkins 411, Pennsylvania 341,Cornell 306, Wisconsin 152, Clark 137,and New York 123. Those showing anaverage of more than 10 during the tenyears 1898-1907 are: Chicago 35.6,Harvard 33 . 8, Columbia 32 . 2, Yale 31 . 8,Johns Hopkins 30.5, Pennsylvania 22.5,and Cornell 18. 1. Those conferringmore than 20 doctorates in 191 1 are:Columbia 75, Chicago 55, Harvard 42,Cornell 34, Yale 31, Pennsylvania 29,Johns Hopkins 28.In the sciences the institutions conferring a total of more than 100 doctorates in the last fourteen years are:Chicago 280, Johns Hopkins 239, Columbia 218, Harvard 198, Cornell 197,Yale 194, Pennsylvania 143, and Clark126. Those having an average of morethan 10 during the ten years 1 898-1907are: Johns Hopkins 16.8, Chicago 16.4,Harvard 14 . 1 , Columbia 13.4, Yale 12.4,and Cornell 10.4. Those conferring 10or more doctorates in the sciences in 191 1are: Chicago 35, Columbia 29, Cornell27, Harvard 20, Johns Hopkins 19,Clark 16, Yale 15, Wisconsin 13, andPennsylvania 10.The total number of doctorates conferred in the last fourteen years by the44 universities given in the tables is4,286, the total number in the sciencesbeing 2,037 or 48 per cent of the wholenumber. The total number for 19 n was437 of which 239 were in the sciences,and the total average for the ten years,1898-1907 was 272.4 of which 124. 1belong to the sciences.The numbers in the various departments are also of interest. Thosedepartments credited with a total ofover 100 during the last fourteen yearsare Chemistry 533, Physics 264, Zoology244, Psychology 222, Mathematics 206, Botany 183, English 121, Geology 114,and History 105. Those departmentsshowing more than 10 doctorates in 191 1are: Chemistry 65, Physics 37, English^S, History 26, Philosophy 26, Zoology25, Mathematics 25, Psychology 2T,,Education 23, Botany 20, Sociology 18,Economics 16, Geology 15, Romancelanguage 1 2 , Latin 1 1 , and Agriculture 1 1 .The following quotation from thereport is significant of the trend withrespect to the sciences:The number of doctorates in the naturaland exact sciences is increasing more rapidlythan in other subjects. Prior to 1908 theaverage number of degrees conferred in thesciences was 124. As compared with 19Sin the other group, in the three following yearsthe average numbers were 186 and 189respectively; and this year the numbers were239 and 198. As shown in the table, Chicagois the university which has conferred thelargest number of degrees in the naturaland exact sciences, followed by Johns Hopkins and Columbia. Of the degrees conferredby Cornell, 64 per cent have been in thesciences, at the Johns Hopkins 58 per cent,at Harvard 40 per cent, at Columbia 37 percent. It is somewhat curious that the percentage at Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois,and Minnesota should be as small as 42, 39,54 and 37, respectively, as it is the generalimpression that the sciences are especiallyemphasized at the state universities.The distribution of doctorates bydepartments for the year, includingthe four quarters Summer and Autumn19 10, Winter and Spring 191 1, was asfollows: Chemistry 8, Physics 6, Psychology 6, Mathematics and Mathematical Astronomy 5, English 4, Greek9, Botany 4, Sociology 3, History 2,Philosophy 2, Geology 2, Zoology 2,Political Economy 1, German 1, Anatomy1, New Testament 1, Bacteriology 1,Ecclesiastical Sociology 1, ReligiousEducation 1.Herbert E. Slaught, '98AFFAIRSATHLETICSFootball. — Summing up the most successful football season of four years,we have: Games won, 6; lost, i. Points,Chicago 79, opponents 39. Touchdowns, Chicago 10, opponents 5; goalsfrom field, Chicago 7, opponents 5; goalsfrom touchdowns, Chicago 8, opponents3. By most judges the first five teamsof the West were ranked as follows:Minnesota, Chicago, Wisconsin, Michigan, Nebraska; in the Conference,Minnesota, Chicago, Wisconsin, Illinois,Iowa.The progress of the eleven was steadyfor four weeks; then came a dismalslump, in which occurred the Minnesotadefeat and the affair with Northwestern,wherein Chicago though victorious wascertainly for the most part outplayed;and finally the brilliant rally whichoverwhelmed Cornell and the Universityof Wisconsin. The turning-point of theseason was Thursday, November 16.After three and a half weeks of practice,each day of which had been more discouraging to the coaches than the preceding, the team suddenly found itselfagain. Scruby, who had been a goodend, found out and corrected his greatfault at guard — overeagerness; Kennedyproved that he could really tackle; andGoddard satisfied Mr. Stagg of hisability to charge. The team remainedunsteady in attack, but it became likerock in defense. From that time on,come victory or defeat, the men knewwhat they could do, and that in a pinchthey could do more than their adversaries.Individually, great credit is due toCaptain Rademacher, who played byfar the best football of his career. Active, dogged, and cheerful, he accomplished always more than was expectedof him. Scruby was the most effectivefirst-year man in the country. As, byvirtue of newspaper headlines, he attracted the attention of the ail-Americanteam-makers, those solemn composers ofour annual football farce, it is safe topredict that next year he will actually be offered a part. Perhaps the moststriking feature of the season was thedevelopment of Paine at quarterback.He was slow in running off his plays, but(except at Evanston) his judgment wasadmirable. On defense his tacklingwas the fiercest and surest on the eleven.Sad to say, he handled punts badly, inin spite of his basket-ball ability.The strategy of the team was comparatively simple. The principal line ofattack was a delayed straight buck,varied by a cross-buck off tackle, in whichthe runner shifted toward the centerafter crossing the line of scrimmage.End runs were tried chiefly from verysimple shift formations, in which thebacks changed places in a confusingfashion but in which the appearanceof the line-up was not greatly altered.The forward pass was successfully usedonly a few times; Chicago made nosuch brilliant exemplification of itsvalue as did Cornell in the final quarter.Scruby's place-kicking was admirable.His punting was better and better up tothe Illinois game, in which it showed asbrilliantly as any ever seen on a wet fieldin the West. After that it fell off;in both the Cornell and Wisconsin gameshe was badly out-kicked.The rules resulted most satisfactorily.Nobody "was hurt, though the play wasvery fierce. Every game was interestingto the spectators, and in every game thebetter team won.The Freshman eleven gave the 'Varsityadmirable practice throughout the season.William Marston Smith, quarterbacklast year on the Hyde Park High Schoolteam, was elected captain.Prospects for next season are good.There is a big nucleus of veterans. Captain-elect Whiting, Carpenter, Scruby,Goddard, Canning, Sellers, and Goettlerin the line, and Paine, Norgren, Pierce,and Kennedy behind the line, remain.Whiteside, guard in 191 1, will return. Inaddition, from the Freshman team, areexpected Des Jardien, Hodges, Huntington. Ryan, Scanlan, Stewart, and Wycoff79THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE•.,;^77.7i *«-;■ ^; ■v ui ilLJJ7-\ ;;...:■ ^V>!^UiC i ffW^ >3£ i, ;-; ■•HfMM»K\ & gd P4o-sx) so fe 32 is SSI12o gfi 17 wa -9 §>3 cs "g^ J3 S0) M V)5 M V3"° o.o S «O (3 w° iS ••"'CMo .. fjU * fe> ^a oAFFAIRS 81in the line; Hunt, Skinner, Stevenson,and Vruwink as ends; and Bennett,Breathed, Coutchie, Gray, Le Due, M.Smith, and O. R. Smith for the backfield.These eighteen men are all of real promise. Finally, Springer, of the 1909Freshman squad, has returned to college.If Springer is eligible he should prove ateam in himself.Basket-ball. — The outlook for basketball is bright. In the first (practice)game of the season, with Evanston Academy on December 13, the men wereplayed as follows: Norgren and Sauer,right forward; Goldstein, Brooks, andLeisure, left forward; Paine and Poliak,center; Molander and Nett, right guard;Bell and Boyle, left guard. Of these,Sauer (captain), Paine, Bell, and Goldstein are of last year's team, and Boyleof the championship five of 191 1. Boylelast spring returned from Japan too lateto play. Norgren, Molander, Brooks,Nett, and Poliak are from last year'sFreshman squad; Page hopes to findat least one first-class man among them.Goettler is also eligible. From thisgroup of strong players it will be hard ifa top-notch five cannot be molded.Among the Freshmen the material iseven more striking — the best withoutdoubt which has ever been available.Thirty men reported for the first call.The most promising include McCready,Barber, McArthur, Kixmiller, Stevenson,Goodwin, and Borman, forwards; Web-Debating. — Interest in debating atChicago is apparently more active thanusual. Thirty -one candidates made theirappearance at the preliminary trialsfor the teams, held on November 3.Six — G. N. Foster, Edward Jennings,Frank Jones, A. E. Mullins, J. W.Robinson, and L. W. Simes — survivedthe weeding-out process and will represent the University in the debates againstMichigan and Northwestern on January19. The question for this year concernsthe adoption of the recall for all electiveofficers except judges and the presidentand vice-president. Jennings, Mullins,and Foster debate the affirmative withMichigan in Mandel, and Jones, Robinson,and Simes, the negative with Northwestern at Evanston.English 9 and 10, courses in argumentation and debate, have hitherto been ber, Holmes, Des Jardien, Gorgas, Vruwink, Huntington, centers; and Miller,Smythe, Byerly, Wells, Bennett, andChivers, guards.Track. — The indoor season should beas successful as last, which was closedby victory in the Conference indoorchampionships. Captain Davenport willas always defeat everyone he runs againstin the half- or quarter-mile. In thesprints, besides Davenport, there areonly untried men; something is expected,however, of R. D. Matthews. Thehurdles will bring out Menaul and Whiting; the shotput, Menaul again, andScruby and Norgren of last year's Freshmen. Menaul and Scruby are good fora pretty consistent 42 feet, and now andthen do better; Norgren is not so good.In the pole-vault, Coyle, who is capableof doing twelve feet at any time, willbe assisted by Dickerson. The versatileMenaul will do 5-8 in the high-jump;Cox may better this. For the longerruns, besides Davenport, there areSkinner, Chandler, Bishop, Lunde, andothers. It is in the distance runs,however, that Chicago is weak, asusual.The Freshmen material includes Lanyon, Knight, Merriam, and M. Smithin the dashes, Breathed and Parker in thequarter, Thomas and Keller in the pole-vault, and Loomis in the hurdles andjumps. No call was issued for track menbefore the holidays.given by Henry P. Chandler, '06; butChandler having resigned to attend to hislaw practice, the work will this winter becarried on by R. L. Lyman, associate professor on leave of absence from Wisconsin.Professor Lyman is now pursuing at theUniversity courses toward his doctorate.In 1899, as a Wisconsin undergraduate,— like that other descendant of Wisconsin, Robert M. LaFollette — he won firstplace in the Inter-State Oratorical Contest. Later, in 1903, he representedHarvard against Yale.In spite of student and faculty interest,however, debates at Chicago continue tobe wretchedly attended. The ranks of thealumni show many lawyers, popularlysupposed to be leaders in debate. Willsome of them give us their views on whatought to be done about debating?Dramatics. — The Blackfriar produc-GENERALTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINElion for the coming year will be ThePursuit of Portia, by W. F. Merrill,'12, and H. Kennicott, '13. Merrillis now at Harvard, having won theMcDowell Fellowship for the study ofDramatic technique; but he expects toreturn to take his degree at Chicago. Heis a member of Delta Upsilon, and hasbeen prominent in former Blackfriarperformances. Kennicott is news editorof the Maroon, and literary editor ofthe Cap and Gown. He is a Chi Psi,and a brother of Donald Kennicott, '03.The Pursuit of Portia was chosen, fromfour submitted plays, by the judges,Frederick Hatton of the Evening Post,and Professors Boynton, D. A. Robertson,'02, and C. H. Grabo, '03, of the EnglishDepartment.The Dramatic Club, on December15, staged three plays in the ReynoldsClub theater — Rosalie; Pr ess-Cuttings,by Bernard Shaw; and A Woman'sPrivilege, by Barrett H. Clark, '12.Clark is a son of Professor S. H. Clark,head of the Department of PublicSpeaking. In the Winter Quarter theclub plans to put on The Inheritance,by Granville Barker, and possibly GeorgeMeredith's The Sentimentalists.The Reynolds Club. — Since the beginning of the year a program of clubimprovement has been diligently carriedforward by the officers of the ReynoldsClub. The entire clubhouse was renovated, new rugs purchased, and 150Oct. 4 Annual Commemorative ChapelExercise. President Judson comparesUniversity in 1892 and 1911. Comparative assets, $4,341,708 and $37,260,-000; comparative attendance, students594 and 6,466, faculty 135 and 412.Oct. 7 Football, Chicago defeats Indiana, 23-6.Oct. 14 Annual Y.M.C.A.-Y.W.C.L.reception, with five hundred attending.Football, Chicago defeats Purdue,Oct. 17 A. Friedlander elected president of Cosmopolitan Club.Oct. 18 Announcement of fraternitypledges. One hundred and thirty-fourpledged, against 106 in 1910.Oct. 20 M. D. Stevers elected managingeditor of Cap and Gown, vice P. D.Karsten resigned. chairs added in the theater. Xcwequipment was put in the billiard andpool room and, during the Christmasvacation the bowling-alley room inthe basement was refurnished, the whitewashed stone walls being paneled to matchthe rest of the building, and more lighting equipment being installed.At the Freshman-Sophomore Smokeron October 14 the Freshmen carriedoff the prizes in all the events. In thepie-eating contest, Chivcrs, '14, won inthree minutes. Flowever, Gerend, '12,still holds the record, his time being2.05. Other entertainments were—October 2 7 , informal dance ; November 1 1 ,smoker; November 24, annual formaldance; December 8, informal dance.The schedule for the Winter Quarteris as follows: January 20, hard timesparty; February 2, informal dance;February 9, President's reception; February 27, smoker; March 2, informaldance; March 16, smoker.Elaborate plans have been made forthe President's reception. The professors and instructors of the variousdepartments will be able to meet themembers of their classes and departments at stated places. The entiretower group of buildings will be broughtinto use.In the Autumn Quarter, the Clubmembership was 499 active and 219associate. In the Autumn Quarter of191c it was 504 active and 205 associate.Oct. 21 Thirty-eight pledges announcedto Three-Quarters Club. Football,Chicago defeats Illinois, 24-0.Nov. 3 Thirty-one try for Universitydebating teams.Nov. 4 Death of Leon Mandel. Football, University of Minnesota defeatsChicago, 30-0.Nov. 9 Seven men and seven womenelected to University Dramatic Club.Nov. n Football, Chicago defeatsNorthwestern, 9-3.Nov. 16 Class Flections: Upper Seniors,President, C. G. Sauer; Vice-President, Isabel Jarvis; Secretary, RuthReticker; Treasurer, Curtis Rogers.Lower Seniors, President, Donald L.Breed; Vice-President, Sanford Sellers,Jr.; Secretary, Mona Quayle; Treasurer, Harold E. Goettler. UpperTHE UNDERGRADUATE CALENDARAFFAIRS §3Juniors, President, Horace F. Scruby;Vice-President, Willard Dickerson;Secretary, Helen C. Poliak; Treasurer,Oakley K. Morton. Lower Juniors,President, Kenneth Coutchie; Vice-President, Edson M. Finney; Secretary, Ruth Allen; Treasurer, Stan-wood Baumgartner. 712 votes werecast, or slightly less than 50 per centof the total registration.Nov. 18 Death of Dr. Charles E.Hewitt. Football, Chicago defeatsCornell, 6-0.Nov. 21 G.N. Foster, Edward Jennings,Frank Jones, A. E. Mullins, J. W.Robinson, and L. N. Simes chosen onthe University debating teams. J. C.Searle, alternate.Nov. 22 W. F. Merrill and HiramKennicott win Blackfriar play contest with The Pursuit of Portia.Nov. 25 Football, Chicago defeatsWisconsin 5-0. Rademacher, Sauer, and Scruby picked on all "All-Conference" elevens. Cross-country, Chicago last at Iowa City.Nov. 29 Lawrence Whiting electedfootball captain for 191 2.Nov. 30 Neighborhood clubs hold annual Thanksgiving dinner in Lexington; 550 present.Dec. 6 Three-Quarters Club initiation.Dec. 7 Exhibition of paintings byJohn LaFarge and others, in Hutchinson Cafe.Dec. 9 Annual Settlement Dance atBartlett; 1,100 present.Dec. 13 Miss Margaret Sullivan electedpresident of Women's Athletic Association.Dec. 15 Autumn performance of Dramatic Club.Dec. 15 Daily Maroon election: MissSarah Reinwald as woman's editorand twenty reporters chosen.Dec. 19 Autumn Convocation.UNIVERSITY RECORDSome Additions to Walker Museum. —During the past year and a half there havebeen placed on exhibition in WalkerMuseum of the University of Chicago fourremarkably perfect skeletons of earlyland vertebrates, three of them of animalsquite new to science, the fourth knownpreviously only from fragments now preserved in the University of Munich. Allof these fossils, together with manyothers yet unstudied and unprepared,were secured during the past four yearsfrom the Permo-Carboniferous depositsof northern Texas, by expeditions fromthe University of Chicago. These collections, together with others from the sameregions made in earlier years by E. C. Case(Ph.D. '96) while a graduate student atthe University, give to the University ofChicago by far the largest and bestcollection in the world of early land vertebrates, and have furnished the materialfor numerous contributions to scienceby Professor Case, now of the Universityof Michigan, and Professor Samuel W.Williston, of the Department of Paleontology in the University of Chicago;the most recent of which by the latterauthor having just been issued from theUniversity of Chicago Press, under thetitle of American Permian Vertebrates.These collections, moreover, are of unusual importance as adding many remarkable new facts to the evolution ofvertebrate life upon the earth, especiallyas they have broken down almost completely all class distinctions between theReptilia and Amphibia.More than thirty years ago considerable collections of vertebrates, made by acollector long since dead, were sent toYale College from the Permian of NewMexico, of which a brief notice was published by Professor Marsh at the time.These collections, however, had remainedunstudied ever since, and for the mostpart unpacked, until they were generously placed by the authorities ofPeabody Museum at the disposal ofProfessor Williston for study a year ago.The locality whence they came was not definitely known and the formation hadnever been recognized in New Mexicoby geologists.The past summer an expedition fromthe University of Chicago under the direction of Professor Williston, and accompanied by Professor Case, located thedeposits and explored them with interesting and valuable results. The deposits,very restricted in area, in Rio ArribaCounty of northern New Mexico, werethoroughly worked over by the expedition. Until the material is worked outin the laboratory it will be difficult todetermine just what it contains, butthere are representatives of at least sixnew genera of amphibians and reptiles,one of which is a remarkably completeskeleton of a reptile about six feet inlength, lying upon its side in a block ofmatrix as brought to Walker Museum — ■a specimen which will settle many doubtful points in the habits and structure ofthese ancient animals. It is needlessto say that all the animals are of formsvery different from anything now livingupon the earth, as would necessarilybe the case from their great age — notless than fifteen million years. Theybelong to three different orders; theTemnospondyli, stegocephalian amphibians, and the Theromorpha and Cotylo-sauria, primitive reptiles. The materialssecured, when boxed, weighed more thana thousand pounds and will all form apart of the University of Chicago collections, already so rich in examples ofearly vertebrates; it will be studied anddescribed later by Professors Willistonand Case, conjointly.The Death of Charles Edmund Hewitt. —Dr. Charles E. Hewitt, Student Secretaryof the Divinity School of the Universityof Chicago, died at his home in ChicagoNovember 18, 191 1. Dr. Hewitt was agraduate of the University of Rochesterand of Rochester Theological Seminary,and was an especially successful Baptistclergyman at Ypsilanti, Mich., and atBloomington and Peoria in Illinois,having served also as pastor of the Cen-84UNIVERSITY RECORD 85tennial Baptist Church in Chicago from1877 to 1879. He was from 1889 to thetime of his death secretary of the Northwestern Baptist Education Society, andalso Student Secretary of the DivinitySchool from the founding of the University. In 1 87 1 he received from Shurt-leff College the degree of Doctor ofDivinity.The funeral was held at the home andat the Leon Mandel Assembly Hall onNovember 21. At the latter serviceDean Shailer Mathews, of the DivinitySchool, Dr. Thomas W. Goodspeed,Secretary of the University Board ofTrustees, and Dr. Charles W. Gilkey,pastor of the Hyde Park Baptist church,were the speakers. The service wasimpressive in its simplicity and genuinefeeling.From the point of view of his work inthe Divinity School, Dean Mathews haswritten the following appreciation:The services which Dr. Charles E. Hewittrendered to the Divinity School are beyondestimate. His position as Student-secretaryof the Divinity School and secretary of theNorthwestern Baptist Education Societybrought him into close personal relationship,not only with the students but also withchurches throughout the country. His attitude toward the students was truly parental.His keen sense of humor, his happily balanced judgment, and, above all, his realhuman sympathy made him an ideal man forhis exceedingly important position. Hisinterest in the advances made in theologicaleducation was profound, and his advice wasalways valuable. The appreciation withwhich he was held by the students of theDivinity School has been abundantly evidenced by the many letters which have beenreceived from students. Altogether it wouldbe difficult to name a man who has had moreimmediate influence upon the Baptistchurches of the Middle West during thepast twenty years than Dr. Hewitt.The La Farge pictures. — Oil paintings,water colors, and drawings in black andwhite by American artists were onexhibition in the cafe1 of HutchinsonHall from December 5 to 9. Many ofthe paintings by John La Farge wereloaned for the occasion by art museumsand private collections, the largestpainting being "The Wolf Tamer,"which was sent by the Art Museum ofSt. Louis. There were also water colorsby Dwight W. Tryon, and sketches byCharles H. Davis, Sergeant Kendall,and Henry W. Ranger. A number alsoof La Farge's Samoan paintings in oil and water colors were exhibited. Preliminarysketches, as well as finished works, bySergeant Kendall were shown.Many students and members of thefaculty took advantage of the opportunity to see the collections, which werebrought together by Assistant ProfessorGeorge B. Zug, of the Department of theHistory of Art. Mr. Zug each afternoon and evening commented on themethods and effects of the artists.The Haskell Foundation. — "Astrologyand Religion" was the general subjectof a course of six lectures on the HaskellFoundation, given under the auspicesof the American Committee for Lectureson the History of Religion, by ProfessorFranz Cumont, Ph.D., of Brussels,member of the Royal Academy of Belgium, the lectures continuing from November 21 to 28, 1911. The first lecturewas on the subject of "The Chaldeans,"the subjects of the remaining lecturesbeing "Babylonian Greece," "The Dissemination of Astrology in the West,""Astral Theology," "Astral Mysticism:Ethics and Cult," and "Astral Doctrineof the Future Life."This was the sixteenth series of lectures on the Haskell Foundation, thefifteenth having been delivered in December, 1910, by Professor J. J. M. DeGroot,Ph.D., of the University of Leyden, onthe general subject of "The Development of Religious Ideas in China."The Haskell lectureship, establishedby the late Mrs. Caroline E. Haskell,is under the direction of the Department of Comparative Religion, thelectures being given annually. TheBarrows Lectures are delivered everythree years in cities of India, the lecturerfor 191 2 being Professor Charles Richmond Henderson, Head of the Department of Ecclesiastical Sociology.The University Orchestral Association. —The second concert of the TheodoreThomas Orchestra was given in LeonMandel Assembly Hall on December 5.The enthusiastic appreciation of thelarge audience called for the repetitionof two of the most important numberson the program, namely, Wagner's"Traume" and Massenet's "Under theTree." Other numbers on the programwere the overture to "The BarteredBride," by Smetana, Tschaikowsky'sFifth Symphony, and Hungarian Dances(17-21), by Brahms-Dvorak. This wasTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEthe last concert for the Autumn Quarter,the next being announced for January9. On February 6 a piano recital willbe given by the German pianist, WilliamBachaus, and on March n a song recitalby Alessandro Bonci, tenor.The program for January 9 is asfollows :Overture to "Oberon" WeberSymphony No. 7, A major, Opus 92. .BeethovenScherzo. Opus 45 GoldmarkWaltz from "Der Rosenkavalier ". . . StraussPerpetuum Mobile RiesPolonaise in E LisztSo great has been the interest in theprograms presented that many havebeen unable to gain admission to someof the concerts.Professor Paul Shorey, Head of theDepartment of Greek, will deliver theTurnbull Lectures at Johns HopkinsUniversity in March. He has also beendesignated Gardner-Lane Lecturer onClassical Languages at Harvard, andwill give the lectures on that foundationin the early spring.Professor J. Laurence Laughlin, Headof the Department of Political Economy,was among the directors of the NationalCitizens' League for the Promotion of aSound Banking System who met at theCongress Hotel, Chicago, December 9,ten states being represented. The reportof the secretary showed that there arenow growing branches of the organization in twenty-six states. Mr. A. C.Bartlett, of the University Board of Trustees, is also a director of the league.Mr. Arnold Bennett, the English novelist, was a guest of President and Mrs.Harry Pratt Judson, at the regularweekly reception at the President'shouse on November 16.Dr. Reginald J. Campbell, of the CityTemple, London, gave an address in theLeon Mandel Assembly Hall on December 1 1, his subject being the historicaldevelopment of the contest for religiousand political freedom."Philip II in His Tragic Struggleagainst the Course of the World'sHistory" was the subject of a Universitypublic lecture in Cobb Lecture Hall onNovember 14, by Dr. Tiemcn de Vrics,who is the Lecturer on Dutch Institutionsin the Department of Germanic Languages and Literatures. Dr. de Vricsis the author of books on economics and Dutch history, and was at one timelegislative expert for the prime ministerof the Netherlands. On November 28also Dr. dc Vrics gave a public addresson "Rembrandt as a Typical Dutchman."Professor Josiah Royce, of HarvardUniversity, gave an address under theauspices of the Philosophical Club inthe Law Building on November 15,the subject being " Psychological Problems Suggested by Pragmatism."Addresses in behalf of Hampton Institute, at Hampton, Va., were given inKent Theater on November 28 byMajor R. R. Moton and Rev. H. B.Turner, D.D. The music for theoccasion was furnished by the HamptonQuartet.Assistant Professor Sophonisba P.Breckinridge, of the Department ofHousehold Administration, has beenmade a member of the alumnae committee for the award of the Susan M.Hallo well Fellowship at Wellesley College. The fellowship is for the year191 2-13 and is available for graduatestudy in candidacy for the Master'sdegree at Wellesley. Professor Katharine Lee Bates, of that institution, ischairman of the committee of award.Professor Caspar Rene Gregory, Ph.D.,D.D., LL.D., of the University of Leipzig, gave the first of a series of Universitypublic lectures in Haskell AssemblyRoom on November 14, the generalsubject of the scries being "Movementsof Philosophical and Theological Thoughtin Germany during the NineteenthCentury." The closing lecture of thecourse was given on November 22.Recent publications of the Universityof Chicago Press by members of thefaculty include:Outlines of Economics (2d edition), byProfessor Leon C. Marshall andAssistant Professors Chester W. Wrightand James A. Field. This book, inconnection with the recent reorganization of the undergraduate work inpolitical economy, will be discussed inan early number of the Magazine.American Permian Vertebrates, by SamuelWendell Williston, Professor of Paleontology. The volume contains 38plates, in addition to 32 figures inthe text and a frontispiece. Theillustrations throughout arc by theauthor.UNIVERSITY RECORD 87Assyrian and Babylonian Letters belonging to the Kouyunjik Collection of theBritish Museum, edited by ProfessorRobert Francis Harper. The presentgroup comprises parts X and XI of thewhole work.Recent articles by members of thefaculty include:Coulter, Professor John M.:"The Endosperm of Angiosperms."Botanical Gazette, December.Henderson, Professor Charles R. :"Education with Reference to Sex."Yearbook of National Society for the Scientific Study of Education."Infant Welfare: Methods of Organization and Administration in Italy."First of a series. American Journalof Sociology, November.Hoben, Professor Allan:"Boy in Village and Country, The."Biblical World, December.Judd, Professor Charles H. :"Principles of Education: Application." Elementary School Teacher, December.Land, Assistant Professor W. J. G. :"An Electrical Constant Temperature Apparatus." Botanical Gazette,December.Leavitt, Associate Professor Frank M.:"Vocational Education and theMechanic Arts." Elementary SchoolTeacher, December.Marshall, Professor Leon C. (with R. C.Chapin and F. R. Fairchild)."The Teaching of Economics in theWest." Journal of Political Economy,November.MacVeagh, Franklin (of Board ofTrustees) :"Banking and Currency Reform."Journal of Political Economy, November.Skelton, Oliver T., Ph.D. '08:"Canada's Rejection of Reciprocity."Journal of Political Economy, November.Slocum, Dr. Frederick:"The Solar Prominence of October10, 1910." Astrophysical Journal, November.Woodhead, Howard, '00, Ph.D. '07:"The Introductory Courses in Sociology." American Journal of Sociology,November.Recent addresses include:Angell, Professor James R. :" Combination Examination and Certificate Systems for College Entrance."At Columbia University, December 1. Breasted, Professor James Henry:"Through the Cataracts of the Nile"(illustrated). At Fullerton Hall, December 2.Coulter, Professor John M.:"Heredity." At Sinai Temple, December 11.Laughlin, Professor J. Laurence:"Banking and Currency Reformthrough the Creation of the ProposedNational Reserve Association." At 2 2dTrans-Mississippi Congress, Kansas City,November 15.Wallace, Assistant Professor Elizabeth:"Henri Bernstein and the Drama ofIdeas." Before Arche Club, December10."THE HEALER"No book by an American author hasreceived so much attention from thecritical public this year as ProfessorRobert Herrick's The Healer. It soundsno particularly new note in the author'sgamut; indeed, if one may say so, it isin its material a trifle reminiscent of bothThe Master of the Inn and Together.Here reappear both the great physician,who buries his talent in the woods, andagainst his own will must finally uncoverit to the world, and the suburban-minded woman perpetually blind to thespiritual welfare of her idealistic husband.Mr. Herrick is hard on the woman, whomone suspects him of capitalizing andpersonifying as the Spirit of Her Sex.She lifts no mortal to the skies; rather,she drags always her connubial angeldown. It is strange that a writer whocan so beautifully present the pure passion of love should have so low a generalestimation of Her who inspires it. It isstrange too that he should overlook theinsolence of his hero's egoism. Surelythe belief that a man and his wife shouldbe one, and that one the man, is no longerinspiring: Carlyle's theory of "the greatman" applied to marriage! It workedunfortunately, the world knows, inCarlyle's case; and Mr. Herrick doesnot convince every reader that it wouldhave been desirable in the case of theHoldens.But to continue such comment wouldbe to mis-present the book. The Healeris not primarily an attack upon Woman,nor an example to shrill and vulgardoctors; it is a vigorous, well-told storyTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIt is interesting, as The Common Lot wasinteresting, and Together, and as A Lifefor a Life was perhaps not, wholly.Besides, it is written as at his best onlyRobert Herrick can write. Were it notso good a story, indeed, one would betempted to say it had almost the lyriccry. One brief episode in the deep woods, of a snowy winter's night, is worth in itstwo pages chapters of melancholyanthropophilitic philosophy. Years ofteaching "composition" have not witheredthe teacher's hand, but strengthened it,apparently. If the author of The Healeris not the foremost novelist of his generation in America, who is ?