JOAQUIM NABUCOBRAZILIAN AMBASSA];OR TO THE UNITED STATESConvocation Orator, August 28, 1908The University of ChicagoMagazineVOLUME I OCTOBER, 1908 NUMBER ITHE APPROACH OF THE TWO AMERICAS 1By JOAQUIM NABUCO, LL.D., LITT.D.Brazilian Ambassador to the United StatesBefore beginning my address I wish to' be allowed to transportyour minds for a moment to a small German place where the lastrest has been given today, at this same hour, to the German Ambas­sador, Baron Speck von Sternburg. He could be selected as thetype of the successful diplomat, whose task is to create, betweenthe nation to which he is accredited and his own, strong tiesof friendship and confidence. No man in his position could aspireto a more honorable epitaph than the despatches of the GermanEmperor and President Roosevelt mourning the greatness of hisloss both to Germany and to the United States.As to the man himself, no example of moral courage and of highpurpose in life was ever finer than his undisturbed attitude in frontof death advancing on him at painful strides. His only way ofmeeting its growing shadow was to increase intensely the noble useof his life. As a colleague, having to speak on the day of hisfuneral before an American university of which he had the honorof being an alumnus, I felt I ought first to express this sentimentof regret and admiration.I am proud to address this University, worthy of a city which,for its sudden gigantic growth, is the wonder of the world "andwhich is the foremost of all the greater experiment stations ofAmericanization. In Chicago, better than anywhere else, one canfollow the short process by which any foreign plant is made to bearin one or two seasons of acclimation genuine American fruit. Here1 Delivered on the occasion of the Sixty-eighth Convocation of the Uni­versity, held in the Leon Mandel Assembly Hall, August 28, 1908.I2 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEwe are at one of the gates of the world, through which enter newsocial conceptions, new forms of being; at one of the sources ofmodern civilization. The tribute to science, from which this Uni­versity sprung, is the most beneficent tribute which wealth couldever pay to' mankind. To increase the rate at which science growsis without comparison the greatest service that could be rendered tothe human race. Religion will be powerless to' bring to earth thekingdom of God without the help of science at a state of advance­ment of which we cannot yet even have an idea. By increasing thenumber of men able to' use the delicate tools of science, to' understandits many languages, and to acquire its higher senses, the universitieswork faster than any other agency for the advanced state of knowl­edge, through which the condition of man will some day be entirelytransformed.Words fail me to' express my appreciation of the call I receivedto speak before you. I am bound to' take the honor as a distin­guished personal obligation, but allow me to see in it chiefly a signof your sympathy with the work of drawing the two Americas closetogether. Much as the future generations will wonder at the pro­gress of our time they will wonder still more that the two great sec­tions of our continent did remain so late in history almost unknownto each other. One reason of their isolation was that many spiritsin Latin America were for a long time afraid of a too close contactwith YQU, owing to the great difference of power between this andevery other American nation. On its side the United States, beinga world by itself, and a world growing faster each day, has alwaysopposed to any such movements the strongest of all possible resist­ances, that of indifference. Fortunately a new cry begins alreadyto resound everywhere. Suspicion is being replaced by confidence,and, if the universities take in hand the policy of Secretary Root,indifference, in its turn, will give way to the feeling of continentalkinship.In Brazil, I must say, the leading statesmen were never afraidof associating with this country. As soon as the message of Presi­dent Monroe, of December, 1823, was received in Rio de Janeiro,the Brazilian gO'vernment proposed to the United States an offensiveand defensive alliance on the basis of that message, alleging thatsacrifices such as those implied in it for the benefit of Latin Americashould not be accepted gratuitously. The proposal was delayed inTHE APPROACH OF THE TWO AMERICAS 3transmission and there was another delay in the acknowledgment.Henry Clay, who in the meanwhile had been made Secretary ofState, answered at last that the American government did not foreseeany danger that would justify an alliance. But from the spirit ofthat offer we never had cause to deviate, and, as no disappointmentever came to us, we never expected any would come to others fromadopting the course we had followed since our independence.It was once said that the association of any Latin country with youreminded one of the company in Lafontaine's fable of the earthen­ware with the iron pot. I do not think the comparison just to anyof the Latin republics. With an unbreakable cohesion none hasanything to fear for its nationality. What is essential for a nationis to crystallize; to bring all its parts to a same symmetrical formof its own, the design of a common national sentiment. Once thatdone, and I think such is the case with all Latin America, it wouldnever break like earthenware. You with your high civilization cando no wrong to any nation. Intimate contact with you will, there­fore, under whatever conditions, bring only good and progress tothe other party.The only certain effect I can see of a permanent and intimateintercourse of Latin America with you is that it would be slowlyAmericanised ; that is, that it would be; in different measures, pene­trated with your optimism, your self-reliance, and your energy. Itwould be a treatment by electricity. I do not mean that we wouldever attain your speed. Nor do we wish it. You have broken therecord of human activity without breaking the rhythm of life, Youhave made a new rhythm for yourselves. We could never do that.For the Latin races [estina lente is the rule of health and stability.And let me say it is good for mankind that all its races do not go atthe same step, that they do not all run. The reign of science has notyet begun, and only in the age of science mankind might attain touniformity without beginning at once to decay. Dignity of life,culture, happiness, freedom, may be enjoyed by nations movingslowly, provided they move steadily forward.Take one common point in our destiny. We must all be immi­gration countries. But in order to be able to oppose to whateverforeign immigration a national spirit capable of turning it quicklyinto patriotic citizenship, as you do, the strength of the Latin organ­ism need everywhere be increased with a much greater vitality.4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEImmigration countries must have the necessary strength to assimilateall that they absorb. For that a strong patriotism does not suffioe.Patriotism is intense in almost every nation and in none perhapsmore so than in the tribes of the wilderness. The Romans were notmore patriotic than the Lusitanians. It is not patriotism that con­quers immigration. Through our intercourse with you we wouldlearn what it is that conquers it. You owe your unparalleledsuccess, as an immigration country, first of all to your politicalspirit. Without it you would have, owing to your soil and yourrace, no end of foreign guests; you would not have the endlessnumber of citizens that they soon become here. The Americanpolitical spirit is a combination of the spirit of individual lib­erty with the spirit of equality. Liberty alone would not convertthe foreign immigrant into a new citizen; we do not hear of foreign­ers taking the nationality of the free European countries to' whichthey emigrate. Equality is a more powerful agent. The Europeanimmigrant rises socially in America, and that is what makes himwish to be an American. But if your progress did not offer himsomething also of which to be proud as a citizen, he would not takeso generally a new nationality. It is the progress of your country,the place it has made for itself in the world, that helps with nationalpride the spirit of liberty and equality in winning over to you themillion of immigrants who try life in America. What completesthe conversion is the freedom enjoyed here from barrack life, theEuropean communities being vast military camps and every citizena bound soldier. Intercourse with you would teach the Americancountries the secret of winning over the immigrants that come tothem and of attracting them in larger numbers. That would be byfar the most useful teaching they could receive, because when theyknew and succeeded in transforming into true citizens their immi­grants, the great national problem would be solved for each of them.First, to realize that they must all be immigration countries; sec­ondly, to create the new habitat for the immigrant, they need studyimmigration in your laboratory. Immigration, divided from thenational life and aspirations, is still useful, because labor alwayshelps; but it does not increase the power of the native race itself;it does not raise its inner level; it does not cause its natural growth.Immigration cannot remain as a foreign body in a nation's organismwithout danger to it.THE APPROACH OF THE TWO AMERICAS 5I would not end if I attempted to' mention all the good that LatinAmerica would derive from a close intercourse with the UnitedStates. What you perhaps would prefer to hear is what good wouldyou derive from that intercourse, I will tell you frankly that thatgood would be, at first, only the good that comes from makingfriends and helping them in the true road of life; but I believe thereis no more substantial good than that for a nation which is the leaderof our continent.The question is to know if you have made up your mind thatthis continent should be for each of its nations a prolongation of hernative soil; that some kind of tie should make of it a single moralunit in history. Was the Monroe Doctrine inspired to you only bythe fear of seeing Europe extend its parallel spheres of influenceover America, as it has later on done over Africa, and as it almostsucceeded in doing over Asia; endangering in that way your solitaryposition? Or were you also moved by the intuition that this is anew world, born with a common destiny? I strongly believe thatthe Monroe Doctrine was inspired even more by this American in­stinct, taking the word American in the sense of continental, than byany fear of danger to yourselves. By all means in that doctrine wasoutlined a whole foreign policy, from which this country has neverswerved, from Monroe to Cleveland and to Roosevelt, from Clayto Blaine and to Root. This constancy, this continuity, is the bestproof that your American policy obeys a deep continental instinctand is not only a measure of national precaution and self-defense.That policy has kept you away from the maze of European di­plomacy, into which without the Monroe Doctrine you wouldprobably have been induced to enter.Diplomacy is indeed becoming each day a greater mystery. Theold statesmen are not sure of their course. Each new step seems aleap in the dark. They go from surprise to surprise, from shockto shock. Experience is unavailable, and in fact might even bedangerous. Fortunately diplomatic bills, some of them war bills,have of late a tendency to be drawn at such long terms that they donot seem likely to be paid by the governments which accept them.Not only the chess board at which Bismarck and Napoleon III,after Metternich and Talleyrand, used to play is no longer the same,but new figures have been added to the game, with the circumstancethat in this new diplomatic chess, while leach piece has, as in the old6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEone, a movement of its own, many can be moved at the sametime.One understands very well the traditional reluctance of theUnited States to enter into such parties. The allies of today are therivals of a few years ago, and the system of alliances must ever bea revolving one. But there is a foreign policy that is passing anddangerous and another that is permanent and safe. The passingforeign policy is any by which a nation secures help thinking ofherself only, that is, by which she uses another nation as her instru­ment; the permanent foreign policy is that by which a nation triesto accomplish with another a common destiny. The difference be­tween the permanent and the temporary foreign policy is that thelatter must take the form of a written alliance, of a formal engage­ment, with a fixed term of duration. Alliances are transitory, un­elastic, and full of dangers, while the spontaneous concurrence inthe same lines of action is the natural development of each nation'sdestiny. Alliance supposes war; free co-operation supposes peaceand mutual 'help through sympathy and good-will. You keep awayfrom the entangling alliances which the Father of your Countrydeprecated, and yet a concentration of the American republics withthe' idea that they all form, under different flags, a single politicalsystem is already a moral alliance.This idea has made much progress in the �ast four years, and Itrust it will not lack in this country the enthusiasm it needs to grow.Secretary Root's visit to Latin America will indeed remain a histor­icallandmark in the relations of our continent, like Monroe's messageof 1823, and Blaine's initiative of the Pan-American movement. AsI mention Mr. Blaine I cannot help remembering that the Brazilianminister of his time, Senhor Salvador de Mendonca, worked heartilywith him with the same faith in his creative power as I have in thatof Mr.' Root. I can call them both creators, because, if Blainemolded the group of the United American nations, it was Root whoput in it life and movement.The Pan-American conferences, besides the work they achievewith their periodical meetings, do much good simply by being apermanent institution. In this way they act even during their inter­vals of four years. Take the movement which led to the experimentnow being tried in Central America, of an international court, whichis really an essay of organized peace in a region so much tried byTHE APPROACH OF THE TWO AMERICAS 7political shocks. You can see in it the development of the interestwhich the United States has frankly avowed of seeing order andpeace permanently established beforehand in the whole zone aroundthe future Panama Canal; but no doubt the co-operation of theUnited States, and Mexico, with the Central American republics wasa. development also of the mutual confidence created through ourcontinent by the Pan-American conferences, chiefly by the last oneat Rio de Janeiro. It would be indeed a pity if those proud andbrave little nations, whose citizenship is open to' each other in a spiritunknown among any other countries of the world, did not succeedin reducing politics to a contest under strict rules. to be maintainedby their own appointed umpires. I hail the Carthago Court as oneof the most deserving of modern political undertakings. Noonewho feels the fascination of the old Greece will fail in sympathywith those brave small communities, strongly imbued with thenational spirit, in their effort to create a Peace Amphictyony in thetract of land dividing the two oceans and uniting the two Americas.Let us hope that the American and Mexican diplomacy will be whollysuccessful in helping to maintain the barrier built by Central Amer­ica all along the old precipice. In doing that they will be doinggood Pan-American work and serving the spirit of the Pan­American conferences.But those conferences are not sufficient to carry out the ideawhich inspired their creation. No doubt the governments speak inthem for the nations and the views they present are national views,which would have the support of all the parties; but congresses ofofficial delegates do not touch at the delicate points, which there iseverywhere a tendency to hide from public view. The Pan-Ameri­can conferences are diplomatic assemblies; the peoples do not mixin them to tell each 'other their wrongs, to appeal to each other'ssympathy; the question of the internal progress of any communityis not one in which diplomacy could openly help. So by the side ofour conferences there is place for a larger factor, to which Mr.Root has once alluded, for a Pan-American public opinion.In our days we saw the parliamentary principle more or lessrecognized by the old absolute monarchies; by Russia, Japan, Persia,and now by Turkey. No one would wonder if China joined them.That is the best evidence of the leveling force of the world's opinion.This opinion of the world no doubt exercises already a considerable8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEinfluence upon all the American countries. One cannot say that anyAmerican republic has been impervious to it. It would be absurd toimagine any nation of our continent insensible and closed to aninfluence which has affected and transformed, politically, Buddhistand Mahometan societies. Revolution has become much rarer inLatin America. In regions where it used to be frequent it has notbeen heard of for nearly half a century; the area where revolutioncontinues active at long intervals has become much reduced; buteven where revolutions occur frequently the old general revolution­ary state of anarchy has ceased to exist, order is always shortlyrestored. Revolution seems to' obey the man to whom the power ofkeeping order has passed. It is a terrifying storm, but no longera sweeping hurricane. But together with that distant and dispersedopinion of the world, which has already done much, we need acommon American opinion, magnified by concentration and bydirect reflection from nation to nation.Only the common opinion of our continent can, for instance,render obsolete the right of asylum. The Positivist saying is as trueas it is deep: "One only destroys what one replaces." You cannotdestroy the right of asylum, if you do not put in its place some otherthing that will fulfil better the function which called it forth. I That"right" was only replaced in the world by the progress of justice.If law and justice were to become intermittent, the right of asylumwould again reappear everywhere. This is one of the most ancientand the noblest traditions of mankind. You could not suppress it bykilling pity and generosity; they cannot be killed; you can only sup­press it by increasing the protections of the law and the sense ofjustice.In the same manner our common American opinion will polishto the greatest perfection the political institutions of all the Ameri­can states. But that general opinion is still in formation, and itsinitial or preparatory phase is bound to be continental 'publicity;publicity, not only absolutely unfettered, but dispassionate, enlight­ened, and true, beginning with inviolate freedom of the press.When that opinion will be fully grown, the membership of the unionof the American nations will mean immunity for each of them, 'notonly from foreign conquest, but also from arbitrary rule and .sus­pension of public and individual liberty.In the formation of that opinion common to all America a largeTHE APPROACH OF THE TWO AMERICAS 9part is reserved to the universities of the continent, to its educators,and none of our countries could be compared to yours for the extentand the multiplication of your educational works. NO' doubt theprincipal agency of that opinion will be the book and the pres&,�Allow me to express the hope that in all our countries the writerswill think of the sensibility of the foreign nations. Sympathy isalways necessary to do good. First of all one should educate himselfto tolerate diversity in the human race. The world would be verynear its end, if all the countries spoke the same language, and unlessthey speak for generations the same language they cannot have thesame mind. Let all feel sure that God must have had some goodreason for creating different human races, instead of only one. Byaccustoming themselves to this idea the foreign critic will have moreforbearance, more patience, will make greater effort to understand,and with that his interest will grow, his mental range will becomemore enlarged, and he will then be able to improve, instead of onlyexasperating, the condition with which he finds fault. By all meansa common American opinion will one day rule our continent inaccordance with the general opinion of the world, and our effortmust be to see that it will begin its sway with the present generation.Understanding that the reason for my being here was your wishto show interest in the new Pan-American policy, I have made ofthat policy the theme of my address. I hope I was not wrong inthe belief that the subject was in harmony with the spirit of thepresent occasion. This ceremony could be compared to the launch­ing of new crafts on the sea of American citizenship. At the start­ing of their career, I wished to express to them my earnest hopethat together with the world-wide transformations to be broughtabout in their time, and which we cannot even imagine, they willsee all the states of the two Americas knowing, loving, and enter­taining each other as members of one same family among thenations.THE PRESIDENT'S QUARTERLY STATEMENT ON THECONDITION OF THE UNIVERSITY 1On March 22, 1904, the University conferred the degree ofDoctor of Laws on Baron Speck von Sternburg, Imperial GermanAmbassador to the United States. This was in recognition of bril­liant diplomatic service, not for the benefit of his own country alone,but especially in the direction of a closer understanding between theGerman Empire and the United States of America. Toward thisworthy end the ambassador was enabled to render invaluable service.He has passed away and today, in his German horne, his body isconsigned to earth. His memory will long be green in this country.In his honor all will rise.INTERCHANGE OF PROFESSORS WITH GERMANYDuring the past year the Germanistic Society of Chicago hasbeen organized, of which organization the President of the Univer­sity has the honor to be president. The society consists in equalnumbers of those of German birth and those of American birth.The purpose is to do what lies in its power toward bringing to passa better understanding between the two nations. During the lastwinter the society maintained in Chicago a series of lectures byGermans or by Americans familiar with German conditions. Amongthe latter were Professors A. W. Small and C. R. Henderson of theUniversity faculty. This course was eminently successful. For thecoming year a similar course is planned. A further undertakingof the society is more directly connected with the University. TheBoard of Trustees will be asked at its next meeting to extend aformal invitation to Professor Dr. Ernst Daenell, of the Universityof Kie1, to lecture in the University of Chicago during the autumnquarter on subjects connected with the colonial expansion of Europe;and at the same time to authorize Professor John M. Manly, head ofthe Department of English in the University, to' accept the invitationof the Prussian government to lecture during the winter quarter inthe University of Gottingen. In neither case is it the thought thatthe lectures given shall be popular in character. Professor Manly1 Presented on the occasion of the Sixty-eighth Convocation of the Univer.,sity, held in the Leon Mandel Assembly Hall, August 28, 1908.10THE PRESIDENT'S QUARTERLY STATEMENT IIwill carry to Gottingen simply some results of American scholarshipin the field of English literature, intended to. be presented by ascholar and for the use of scholars. In like manner the lectures ofProfessor Daenell will be for the benefit of research students in theUniversity of Chicago. It is felt that an interchange of this kindcannot fail to be helpful, in being a real contribution in each countryto its higher university work, and at the same time as affording ameans of a better understanding among scholars. The generosityof those connected with the Germanistic Society has enabled thisplan to. be carried out. In this connection I wish to express specialgratitude to the Imperial German Consul, Dr. Walther Wever,whose unflagging zeal and warm interest have made possible manythings tending to. the friendly relations between Germany and theUnited States.EDUCATION IN THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDSDuring the spring just past two members of the Universityfaculty, Professor MacClintock of the Department of English Liter­ature and Associate Professor Starr of the Department of Anthro­pology, were granted a leave of absence by the Board of Trustees ofthe University to aid in the development of a vacation school forteachers in the Philippine Islands. The assembly was held at thesummer capital of the Islands, Baguio, from April 20 to May 16last. There were present 246 teachers and 34 out of the 36 districtsuperintendents. There were also present, besides the two fromthe University of Chicago, Professor Roberts of the Universityof California, and Professor Burks (Ph.B., University of Chicago,1893) of the Albany (N. Y.) Teachers College. Each of theinstructors gave two lectures daily throughout the period of theassembly, besides three or four le�tures general in character beforethe entire assembly. The work was an undoubted success, and wasan inspiration to the body of self-denying American men and womenwho in those distant islands are doing so much toward the improve­ment of these very interesting wards of our nation. It is felt that theUniversity, in granting this aid, has been doing its service as anAmerican university toward a great undertaking for the advanceof civilization for which our country has made itself responsible.The thanks of the University are due to Professor MacClintock andAssociate Professor Starr.12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINETHE CONSULAR SERVICEIn view of the fact that the consular service has been placed,substantially, under the merit system, the University of Chicago nowoffers courses in preparation for consular and foreign commercialservice. These courses deal with the subjects of political economy,commercial geography, political science, statistics, modern history,and modern languages. Two years' preparation in the College ofCommerce and Administration is required for admission to thiswork, and three years' training (27 majors) in the course proper.Throughout the entire course the fundamental recommendations ofthe United States government have been followed. It is believed thatthe rapidly increasing foreign trade of the United States offers awide opportunity to men with training similar to that required ofconsuls and that Chicago's position as a growing manufacturing andexport center makes this city a peculiarly appropriate place for thepractical training of "ambassadors of commerce." It may be addedthat at the last examination in Washington for the consular servicea student of the University of Chicago, Mr. Samuel MacClintock,.was first among those who succeeded.THE SUMMER QUARTERThe quarter which closes today is on the whole the most success­ful summer quarter in the history of the University. The attendanceshows a record of 2,991 different students. The first term therewere recorded 2,593; the second term 1,957. An interesting featureis the fact that there were present throughout the entire quarter1,561. These figures show a large gain over anything heretoforeknown, and indicate the increasing value of this summer work. Ofcourse all here understand that the University maintains no summerschool, but that the summer quarter is simply a quarter of regularUniversity work, with instruction on the same basis as in the otherquarters. It has made possible advanced work for many hundredsof students, and many have made degrees who otherwise wouldhave had no opportunity to that end. The number of degrees giventoday includes: 18 Doctors of Philosophy; 7 Masters of Science;II Masters of Philosophy; 12 Masters of Arts; 2 Doctors of Law;I Bachelor of Laws; I Doctor of Philosophy in the Divinity School;2 Masters of Arts in the Divinity School; 2 Bachelors of Divinity;26 Bachelors of Science; 41 Bachelors of Philosophy; 17 BachelorsATTENDANCE, SUMMER QUARTER, 1908TotalFirst Term Second Term First Term Only Second Term Both Terms Total Different Differen1Only Students 1908 Students1907M W T M W T M W T M W T M W T M W T1.. The Departments of Arts,Literature, and Science:I. The Graduate Schools:Arts and Literature ..... 328 234 562 252 155 407 103 120 223 29 41 70 225 II4 339 357 275 632 494Science ................ 303 71 374 245 52 297 79 28 107 21 9 30 224 43 267 324 80 404 345*Total ................ 631 305 936 497 207 704 182 148 330 50 50 100 449 157 606 681 3r;5 1,036 839(13) (3) (16) (II) (4) (15) (5) (2) (7) (3) (3) (6) (8) (I) (9) (16) (6) (22)2. The Col1eges: ..*Senior ................ 144 128 272 126 104 230 23 30 53 5 6 II 121 98 219 149 134 283 286(3) (3) (6) (3) (2) (5) (I) (I) (3) (2) (5) (3) (3) (6)Junior ................. 125 75 200 97 62 159 29 16 45 I 3 4 96 59 ISS 126 78 204 176Unclassified ............ 143 245 338 II3 190 303 51 124 175 21 69 90 92 121 213 164 314 478 444Total ............... 412 448 860 336 356 692 103 170 273 27 78 105 309 278 587 439 526 965 906Total Arts, Literature,and Science .............. 1,043 753 1,796 833 563 1,396 285 318 603 77 128 205 758 435 1,193 1,120 881 2,001 1,745II. The Professional Schools:I. Divinity:Graduate .............. 141 6 147 143 5 148 30 2 32 32 1 33 III 4 115 173 7 180 168Unclassified ............ 29 I 30 28 I 29 8 I 9 7 I 8 21 21 36 2 38 54Total ............... 170 7 177 171 6 177 38 3 41 39 2 41 132 4 136 209 9 218 2222. Courses in Medicine:*Graduate ............. 49 5 54 45 5 50 6 6 2 2 43 5 48 51 5 56 39*Senior ................ 28 28 27 I 28 I 1 1 I 27 27 28 I 29 II*]unior ................ 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5*U nclassified ........... 7 7 3 3 4 4 3 3 7 7 4Medical ............... 14 I IS II II 6 I 7 3 3 8 8 17 I 18 20Total ............... 104 6 110 92 6 98 17 I 18 5 I 6 87 5 92 109 7 II6 793. Law:Graduate .............. 78 78 67 I 68 19 19 8 1 9 59 59 86 I 87 75*Senior ................ 7 7 6 6 2 2 I I 5 5 8 8 24Candidates for LL.B .... 21 I 22 19 19 5 I 6 3 3 16 16 24 1 25 22U nclassified ............ I I 1 I I I I 1 2Total ............... 107 I 108 93 1 94 26 I 27 12 I 13 81 81 II9 2 121 1234. College of Education ...... 74 452 526 64 241 305 41 323 364 31 112 143 33 129 162 105 564 669 502Total Professional .............. 455 466 921 420 254 674 122 328 450 87 n6 203 333 138 471 542 582 1,124 926Total University ............... 1,498 1,219 2,717 1,253 805 2,070 407 6461,053 165 244 418 1,091 5731,664 1,662 1,463 3,125 2,671*Deduct Duplicates ............ 113 II 124 101 12 II3 18 3 21 6 4 10 95 8 103 II9 IS 134 89Net Totals ................ 1,385 1,208 2,593 1,152 805 1,957 389 6431,032 159 240 398 996 5651,561 1,543 1,448 2,991 2,56� ��'"tl��t;�-sr;;fa������t-l�V)-s�-s;-sHCN14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEof Arts, and 1 Bachelor of Education; making a total of 141 degrees.There were in the two terms 1,036 enrolled in the Graduate Schools,besides 669 in the College of Education, 'many of whom are alsograduates. Upwards of 300 of these graduate students are collegeprofessors pursuing advanced work in their various specialties. Therecord includes also some 1,500 teachers, mostly in secondary schools,coming from all the western and southern states, with not a few fromthe two coasts. To indicate the cosmopolitan character of the workof the University attention is called to the fact that higher degreesare given today to one student from Japan, one from China, andone from the Philippine Islands. The full report is herewithappended.NEW APPOINTMENTSThe following new appointments have been made during theSummer Quarter, 1908:Dice Robins Anderson, to an Instructorship in History.Victor Emmanuel Helleborg, to an Instructorship in Sociology.Henry Washington Prescott, to an Associate Professorship in' ClassicalPhilology.Gilbert Ames Bliss, to an Associate Professorship in Mathematics.Ernst Daenell, of the University of Kie1, to a Professorship in History forthe Autumn Quarter, 1908. ,Bailey Willis, of'" the United States Geological Survey, to a Professorshipin Geology for the Spring Quarter, .1909.Carl' Clemen, of the University of Bonn, to a Professorship in New Testa-ment Greek for the Autumn Quarter, 1908.Henry Gordon Gale, to a Deanship in the Junior Colleges.James Weber Linn, to a Deanship in the Junior Colleges.J ames Rowland Angell, to the Deanship of the Senior Colleges.Charles Hubbard Judd, Professor of Psychology in Yale University, asProfessor and Head of the Department of Education, and Director of the Schoolof Education.GIFTS PAID IN, JUNE 9-AUGUST 27, 1908The University Auditor reports the following list of gifts paidin during the Summer Quarter:For Current expenses, books, etc $ 63,72S.OOHarper Memorial Library , 11:6,S2S.78Experimental therapeutics 1,2S0.00President's Fund I,SOO.OOClassical journals 800.00Institute of Sacred Literature 660.10Astrophysical Index 100.00Yerkes librarian 100.00Journal of Modern Philology 7S.00Alice Freeman Palmer chimes 10.00Total $184,74S.88PAUL OSKAR KERNASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF GERMANIC PHILOLOGYDied September 4, IgoSPAUL OSKAR KERNBy STARR WILLARD CUTTINGHead of the Department of Germanic Languages and LiteraturesMen are exceedingly rare whose devotion to their conception ofduty is so. absolute as was that of our departed colleague andfriend, Paul Oskar Kern. In his unswerving obedience to. the cate­gorical imperative he was a true son of Prussia.He was born February 6, 1859, in Berlin and received a public­school education and gymnasial training 'in his native city. Heentered the University of Berlin in 1877 and there studied Germanicand Romance philology under Miillenhoff, Scherer, Geiger, Zupitza,Gaspary, and Tobler. These studies were interrupted by a year ofmilitary service during which he became a member of the KaiserFranz Regiment, He then spent the year 1880-81 in England,where, besides studying English, he taught German at the CastleSchool of Taunton. In 1882 he resumed his university studies inBerlin, but in 1884 they were again interrupted for the purposeof self-support by means of private teaching. In 1887 he came toAmerica and was called from Chicago to a position as teacher ofFrench and Latin in the high school of Princeton, Ill. To, perfecthis practical grasp of spoken French he spent the year 1888�89 inParis studying at the Sorbonne and at the College de France,whence he returned in the following year and began a period' ofservice as teacher of French and Latin in the Chicago. high schools,lasting from 1889 until 1895. When in 1892 the University ofChicago opened its doors to the public, he matriculated as graduatestudent of Germanic and Romance philology, completing gradually,in connection with his duties as teacher, the work required for thedoctorate, which he received in 1897. In 1895 he was appointedto. an associateship in Germanics and began thus a period of serviceto this University that lasted until his death, September 4, 1908.Mr. Kern's dissertation for the doctorate upon Das starke Verbbei Grimmelshausen won him the favorable notice of German schol­ars like von Bahder, of Leipzig, and enlisted his interest in mor­phological problems of Early New High German, at the solutionof which he was working at the time of his death. But, while hewas scholarly in his tastes and capable of excellent work as anIS16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEinvestigator, he was by nature and experience in England and thiscountry pre-eminently fitted for the work of teaching. He com ...bined a strong love of orderliness and severity of discipline with agenial kindliness of heart that won him the friendship and esteemof his students. Even those whose lame excuses for poor workaroused his righteous indignation recognized and respected his highideals, his love of simple justice, and his constant readiness to incon­venience himself for the sake of his students. His departmentalexaminership, beginning in 1897, brought him into peculiarly close,personal relations with a large portion of our undergraduate bodyof students. In this capacity he utilized the knowledge of Americanstudents, schools, and educational methods which his early second­ary school experience had brought him. He was tireless in hisefforts to render his work effective in its relation to the University,to the preparatory schools, and to the teachers of German through­out the Middle West. His long years of unselfish devotion to theexacting tasks of this important but unsalaried position are a strik­ing illustration of his conscientious performance of each and everyduty of his position and entitle him to. the grateful remembrance ofour Department and of the University.In harmony with this prevailing ideal of conduct was his carefor the welfare of others and his indifference to the prospects of hisown health or life. It was only with great difficulty that he couldbe persuaded that a duty to' himself might transcend in importancehis duty to his work. The courage with which he bore his suffer­ings and the uncomplaining serenity of spirit with which he metthe inevitable outcome of his illness are a lesson and an inspirationfor those of us who remain for a season to continue his work.THE STANDARD OF UNDERGRADUATE SCHOLARSHIPBy GEORGE EDGAR VINCENT, PH.D., '96Dean of the Faculties of Arts, Literature, and ScienceWith the beginning of the summer quarter of this year, a newsystem of grading students' work was put into effect at the Uni­versity of Chicago. Rumors as to the meaning and probable effectsof this innovation have spread among undergraduates some of whomare alarmed at the prospect of more exacting requirements. Gradu­ates, on the other hand, might be expected to exult like speculatorsover a rise in securities bought in a low market. A brief statementas to the origin, nature, and anticipated results of this new legisla­tion will enlighten if not reassure the first group, and possiblydisappoint the hopes of the second.In recent years, there has been -a growing belief, especially inthe East, that college education is taken less seriously than it shouldbe by many undergraduates. Mr. Charles Francis Adams hasassailed the elective system; certain practical business men like Mr.Crane, have revived the charge that a college education is not anaid to success in industry and commerce; paternal alumni havecontrasted with their own diligence in college the half-hearted pur­suits of their sons; charges of snobbishness and luxury have beenmade in newspapers and magazines; college stories turn uponclever ways of deceiving instructors and of shirking work; collegeposters when they do not glorify athletic prowess make much ofpipes, and bull-dogs and mid-night card games; college plays onthe public stage hold up to ridicule the fossilized professor and thestudent "grind;" college clothes 'as graphically paraded by the ready­made houses are "smart" and "swagger" but would hardly appealto a gentleman and a scholar of an earlier type.Yet to conclude from all this that American college students asa whole are growing negligent of their work would be to acceptintangible and often misleading evidence. More definite data forforming a judgment are to be found in the 'report of a committeeappointed in 1902 by the Harvard faculty to inquire into the condi­tions and standards of undergraduate study; in Dean West's accountof the preceptorial system at Princeton; and in a recent volume by1718 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEa New York lawyer+ who takes our modern institutions severely totask for their failure to give the individual training afforded by theearlier type of small college. With characteristic thoroughness andcandor, the Harvard report summarizes the replies of 245 membersof the faculty and of I,757 students to questions concerning the con­ducting of courses, their value, the number of hours required forpreparation outside the classroom, suggestions for improvement, etc.The committee's recommendations recognize the need of reformswhich shall raise the standard both as to amount and character ofundergraduate work at Harvard. Mr. Birdseye's charges wouldmake more impression on the academic mind if he did not press soinsistently the analogy between a college and a factory. Nor willeveryone agree that the fraternity is the only substitute for thepersonal oversight once given by the faculties of the small colleges.Nevertheless Mr. Birdseye says many true and searching thingsabout college life-things which cannot be dismissed in cavalierfashion.The chief causes which are alleged in the Harvard report, byMr. Birdseye or by other reputable critics· to be responsible for aperceptible lowering of the standard of student work are: lessdefinite and disciplinary instruction in the elementary and secondaryschools; an elective system permitting a haphazard, desultory, indi­vidual course; the presence of an idle rich class setting a standard ofostentation and luxury; the exaltation of competitive athletics andthe heroizing of successful athletes; the growth of fraternities withtheir time-consuming activities and social distinctions; the emphasison social life and the consequent prejudice against the diligent stu­dent who takes little part in the "valuable education outside the class­room;" the over-crowding of classes so that attention to individualstudents is difficult or impossible; the introduction of the lecturesystem for undergraduates accustomed to the drill of the recitationmethod; the putting of young, inexperienced, overworked, and ill­paid instructors in charge of freshmen and sophomore divisions; thecompetition between instructors in offering popular, largely elected,and too often "snap" or "soft" courses; the exaltation of research atthe expense of "mere teaching" and the consequent lowering ofteaching efficiency; the extension of the doctrine of freedom ofteaching to protect a careless or inefficient instructor of elementaryIBirdseye, Individual Training in Our Colleges. New York, I907.THE STANDARD OF UNDERGRADUATE $CHOLARSHIP 19courses from investigation; failure to make college work seem vitalto the student, a means to his personal ends, in marked contrast withthe success of the professional schools which hold up a definite goal,arouse interest, and enforce a higher standard of effort and accom­plishment. The mere enumeration of these charges raises manyquestions of fact and interpretation. That some if not all of theinfluences are present in all of our colleges is not to be denied.The West is prone to pride itself upon virtues which the Eas1is supposed to have lost: whole-hearted hospitality, democratic, open-mindedness, for example. Thus it is often said complais­antly in the Middle West that while Harvard, Yale, and Princetonare rapidly becoming places of resort for rich men's sons, carelessof learning, Michigan, Chicago, and Wisconsin are crowded withdiligent seekers after truth and culture. It is true that the oldereastern institutions draw relatively many more of the rich andwell-to-do, but to assume that these youth lack all intellectual inter­ests is somewhat gratuitous. There is a contrast, probably in favorof the West, but a contrast which may easily be exaggerated. Atthe University of Chicago it has been recognized that several of theinfluences mentioned in the preceding paragraph have been at work.Instructors have complained of the size and quality of their classes;reports have shown a high percentage of failures and conditions;the deans have had many delinquents on their probation lists. Stu­dents, too, have had their grievances as to overcrowded sections,neglect by instructors, and difficulty in securing satisfactory direc­tion in their courses. In the spring of 1907 at the request of thefaculties of the Junior Colleges and of the united faculties, thePresident appointed a commission to consider and report uponmethods of raising the standard of undergraduate scholarship inthe colleges of the University. This .commission held frequentmeetings during the autumn and winter, and in the spring of thisyear submitted a report to the general faculty by which the recom­mendations were adopted.The commission based its report upon two principles: first, thatthe accumulation of merely pass credits should not lead to gradua­tion; and second, that the faculty must supervise, and, withinreasonable limits, control in the interest of undergraduates theelementary required courses. There is no magic in a markingsystem. It is merely the means by which a standard' of work finds20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEexpression. The standard itself exists in the ideals and practicesof the instructing staff and in the public opinion of the student body.To suppose that because one institution makes 75 per cent. the pass­ing mark while another fixes the limit at 60 per cent. the formerhas solely by virtue of that fact a higher standard than' the latter isto be sadly deceived. It may mean merely that one has a narrowermargin within which to make a series of gradations between itsbarely passing standard and its ideal of highest excellence. Thecommission therefore in proposing a new marking system wasnot naive enough to imagine that a change of this kind would auto­matically bring about any real reform. The commission did believehowever, that another system would lend itself more easily to thehigher standard of exaction which was making itself apparent inthe attitude of instructors. The new system which retains the lettersA, B, C, D, E, and adds the letter F, substitutes a single letter forthe former double system of giving the term work and the examina­tion each its own letter. Absences from class under the new systemare taken into account by the instructor in fixing the one-letter gradeof the course as a whole. The important innovation, however,consists in assigning to a course not only a major or minor credit butalso in adding so-called honor points. This means that coursesconsidered in relation to graduation are to be judged both quantita­tively and qualitatively. Thirty-six majors and seventy-two honorpoints will henceforth be required for a Bachelor's degree. To themark, "A" six honor points are attached; to "B," four; to "C," two.The mark "D" has no honor points, "E" so far from having anyvalue calls for the withdrawal of one honor point from the totalrecord, and the mark "F," the deduction of two honor points. Thusin order to be graduated a student must not only secure thirty-sixmajors, but must also obtain an average of two honO'r points foreach major, that is, receive the average grade "C" which repre­sents a passing mark designed to be distinctly higher than that ofthe old system. .It is believed that the new plan has marked advantages over theold. A student may not, under the new conditions, accumulatemerely pass credits, but must maintain a certain average of excel­lence. If there are subjects which he finds peculiarly difficult, andin which it is impossible for him to secure high marks, he may bygood work in other subjects secure enough honor points to make upTHE STANDARD OF UNDERGRADUATE SCHOLARSHIP 2Iany deficiency. The commission based its report upon a study of theUniversity records with a view to forecasting the effect of the pro­posed changes. In June, 1906, 160 students received the Bachelor'sdegree. Of this number, eleven would certainly not have beengraduated under the new marking system, and several others mighthave failed of graduation. From this, it will be seen that the newplan is not so radical as from the outset to devastate the under­graduate ranks. In the case of the eleven, the new system wouldhave required them to remain in residence one or two quarterslonger and to maintain work of sufficiently high character to bringthe aggregate of honor points up to the required number of seventy­two. The commission's report goes into detail as to the adaptationof the new plan to various existing practices and regulations. Therequirements for honors and for Phi Beta Kappa are restated interms of the new system with a slight advance in the requirements.Students who enter with advanced standing will with certain neces­sary modifications be assigned honor points in the normal ratio oftwo for each major of work accepted. Many students will acquirehonor points greatly in excess of the number needed for graduation.The granting of assistance to students will, other things being equal,be based upon the number of honor points in their records. Thenew plan therefore will in a sense establish a waiting list for scholar­ships and student service appointments. The plan also affords abasis for the dismissing of students. In a given year, a student whopursues nine courses should, if he is advancing normally to gradua­tion, gain also at least eighteen honor points. A student who gainsless than ten honor points within the limits of three quarters will bedismissed unless there are extenuating circumstances which thefaculty feels able to take into account. A student who in his fourthyear falls below the minimum will not be dismissed but, in order tobe graduated will be required to remain for additional work.A marking system, as has been said, gets its value from thespirit by which it is employed. There are signs of new interestamong Chicago instructors, in the problems of undergraduate teach­ing. Several departments are organizing their work more co-oper­atively and effectively, Last spring an informal conference ofJunior College teachers was called, and plans are under way for aseries of such meetings during the present academic year. In thisand other ways much will be accomplished in arousing enthusiasm22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEfor teaching, in furthering discussion of teaching methods and infostering a sense of comradeship among those who are devotingthemselves primarily to undergraduate instruction. Only as agenuine interest in this side of college work is aroused can theproper recognition of the teaching function, public esteem for thecollege teacher, and the academic promotion which is the tangibleevidence of such status be secured.The other important recommendation of the commission dealswith the supervision of undergraduate instruction. The membersof the commission realized that many of the problems involved can­not be reached by any system of faculty regulations, but they believedthat some plan of continuous study and oversight might accomplishmany of the results desired. A faculty committee on undergraduateinstruction is therefore to be created. It will be the duty of thiscommittee to submit to all instructors questions as to methods ofteaching. It will thus gather data as to how every undergraduatecourse in the University is conducted. This material will be put onfile where it will be accessible to all instructors. The committee willalso receive all complaints from students or instructors as to theconditions under which work is carried on and will make recom­mendations to the administrative authorities as to needed changes.The committee will make suggestions not only to the administrationbut to individual instructors as well. The success of the committee'swork will depend upon the wisdom and tact as well as the fidelitywith which it performs its important but rather delicate task. Anyreal invasion of freedom of teaching cannot be tolerated in a trueuniversity, but justice to undergraduates also. demands that ham­pering conditions or careless, inefficient teaching shall not be per­mitted to continue.It remains merely to reiterate that the new plan can be successfulonly as it expresses a devotion to scholarly ideals, to teaching as aninspiring profession, and to study as the chief if not the only obj ectof undergraduate life. It is to be hoped that the alumni of theUniversity will feel a genuine interest in this movement, and willdo all that they can in their contact with undergraduates to fosterthe spirit of respect for college work, and of effort toward a higherstandard of attainment.CIIARLES HUBBARD JUDDTHE NEW DIRF:CTOR OF THE SCHOOL OF EDUCATIONTHE NEW DIRECTOR OF THE SCHOOL OF EDUCATIONThe announcement of the appointment of Professor CharlesHubbard Judd,. of Yale University, to the directorship of the Schoolof Education is a source of sincere gratification to all friends of theUniversity. Professor Judd will bring to his new work the highestqualifications, and under his guidance the School will undoubtedlyenjoy a larger measure of prosperity than ever before.Professor Judd occupies the chair of psychology at Yaie: Hewas graduated from Wesleyan University in 1894 and took hisdoctorate at Leipzig under Wundt in 1896, returning to an instruc­torship .at Wesleyan, which he held for two years. From 1898 to1901 he was professor of psychology and pedagogy at N ew YorkUniversity, removing thence to a similar position at the Universityof Cincinnati, where he rem�ined till 1902. He, then accepted aninstructorship at Yale, where �e was in 1904 promoted' to, anassistant professorship. His professorship came to him, in 1907.Throughout his residence at New Haven he has been director ofthe psychological laboratory. He has also been in the employ ofthe State Board of Education of Connecticut as inspector of highschools.. Among his scientific colleagues Professor Judd is known as theauthor of a number of admirable books and many scientific articlesreporting important investigations. Under his 'leadership the Yalelaboratory has become one of the most prolific producers of soundresearch. No. man in his generation enjoys wider respect amonghis scientific associates.Professor Judd comes to us with a wide practical knowledge ofeducational conditions, with a vital interest in' the scientific studyof educational problems and the widest intellectual equipment forattacking them. He is a tried and successful administrator, arecognized scholar, a man of unflagging industry and vigor, cherish­ing the highest ideals and familiar with all that is best in educationalprocedure. The University may be justly congratulated in securingthe services of S0' powerful a recruit.23FRANK HUGH MONTGOMERYFrank Hugh Montgomery, associate professor of dermatologyin Rush Medical College, lost his life by drowning in White Lake,Mich., on July 14. Dr. Montgomery was an expert sailor andswimmer, and took great pleasure in the management of the boatwhich he kept at his summer horne near White Lake. On the dayof the accident he was accompanied by his young son, Hamilton,and by his stenographer, Mrs. Head, who was assisting during thesummer in the preparation of work for the press. Both Mrs. Headand Hamilton wore life-preservers. The boat was overturned by asudden gust of wind; Dr. Montgomery and Hamilton clung to theboat, but Mrs. Head drifted away. Dr. Montgomery swam to herrescue, but failed to reach her, as the current carried her continuallybeyond him. He perished from exhaustion or shock; the bodieswere found some rods apart, floating on the surface face down­ward.Dr. Montgomery was born in 1862, at Fairhaven, Minn. Hisearly studies in the St. Cloud high school and the University ofMinnesota were followed by the course at Rush Medical Collegeand by postgraduate work at Johns Hopkins University and in thehospitals of Paris, London, and Vienna. In 1897 he was marriedto Caroline L. Williamson; his wife and three children survive him.At the time of his death Dr. Montgomery was associate pro­fessor of dermatology in Rush Medical College, and dermatologistto the Presbyterian, the St. Elizabeth, the St. Anthony de Padua,and the Oak Park Hospitals; he was also an active member of thelocal, state, and national societies. He was an active member of theAmerican Dermatological Association, in which he served a term asvice-president and for three terms as secretary : in the latter capacityhe edited the Transactions of the association for 1900-2. He alsoserved as president of the Chicago Dermatological Society, takingan active part in all its meetings from the date of its organization.Aside from the Treatise of Diseases of the Skin which bears Dr.Montgomery's name, and which has passed through several editions,he was known to the profession by his numerous scientific articles,each of which is characterized by scholarly thoroughness and by a24THE NEW PSYCHOLOGY BUILDINGwide knowledge of the literature of dermatology in �11 languages.Among his colleagues and his. clientele Dr. Montgomery was recog­nized as an acute diagnostician, a skilful pathologist and prac­titioner, and a physician of singularly gracious personality.Besides his scientific affiliations, Dr. Montgomery was a mem­ber of the University Club, the Chicago Literary Club. (of which hewas secretary during 1906-7), the Quadrangle Club, and the Home­wood Country Club; also of the Psi Upsilon and the Nu Sigma Nufraternities. Although born and bred a Congregationalist, he wasa pewholder and regular attendant at St. Paul's Episcopal Church,Kenwood. He took a keen interest in the work of the South ParkImprovement Association, and acted as chairman during the years1902-4.'In a time when specialization too often restricts the interests ofscientific men, Dr.' Montgomery was notable for the breadth andgeniality of his sympathy with many sides of life. He wasintensely fond of music, an enthusiastic mountain climber, an ener­getic promoter of civic good, a thoughtful student of educationalquestions. His loss is deeply felt among the colleagues whorespected his . ability, and yet more deeply by the friends who knewhis daily life and character.THE NEW PSYCHOLOGY BUILDINGAfter long years of waiting the Department of Psychology hasfinally been given quarters of its own commensurate with its needs.During the past year its work has been scattered through fivedifferent buildings. This era of decentralization is now fortunatelyat an end.The University has taken the three-story stone and brick build­ing at 5728-30 Ellis Avenue and reconstructed the interior SOl as toafford one of the most convenient and well-arranged laboratories tobe found either in this country or abroad. The work of recon­struction should be entirely completed by the time this numberreaches the reader.The top floor is exclusively devoted to research work and theinterests of graduate students. A dozen rooms are available forthese purposes. On the second floor a commodious library forundergraduate students adjoins a seminar room in which graduatestudents may have their own table space and necessary books'. On26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEthe same floor are the department offices, a rest room for women,apparatus rooms, and rooms for special laboratory training courses.On the ground floor two pleasant lecture rooms, provided withfacilities for classroom demonstrations of various kinds, will accom­modate all the courses the Department offers. The proximity of theserooms to the apparatus will enable the enrichment of the elementarycourses with much interesting material which ha5 not been availablewhen the classes were held in buildings at a distance. In the base­ment the space will be occupied by a drafting room, a shop, and alarge dark-room for optical work.The old building at 5704 Ellis Avenue will be used, in con­junction with the adjoining animal yard, for the work in compara­tive psychology. This will obviate the necessity of keeping ani­mals in a building used for general academic purposes-a necessitywhich has been found very annoying hitherto.With this new home the Department looks forward with greatenthusiasm to the work of the year. Graduate students can nowbe offered facilities of the very highest order, and the undergradu­ate can be introduced much more effectively than before into thereal spirit of modern psychology.A LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THEUNIVERSITYTo the Alumni:With this first issue of The University of Chicago Magazine thecourtesy of the editors permits me to send a word of greeting tothe alumni. The University has given since its founding in 1892nearly five thousand degrees. Thus there is a goodly army nowenrolled under the Chicago banners. To these, its representativesin active life, the University now extends its best wishes for suc­cess in all good things, with the assurance that useful achievementby its graduates is the best warrant for the existence of the insti­tution. Each passing year adds a larger number to the alumnibody. There were 400 degrees given in 1904, 411 in 1905, 460 in1906, 538 in 1907, and 541 in 1908. This last number is almostexactly the same as the entire number of students enrolled in theautumn quarter of ,1892.The Magazine under its new auspices is the result of co-­operation between the University and the Alumni Association,whereby duplication of effort is avoided, and the news resourcesof each are combined. It should be a periodical worthy its nameand constituency, and should serve to. keep all alumni informed asto the progress and purposes of the Alma Mater. The Universityfor years to. come must be in a condition of development, and itsprogressive unfolding should be a matter of constant interest to allwho hold its degree. On the other hand, the alumni are now ina position to. be of positive service in many ways. Their loyalsupport for the Magazine is confidently expected.Various plans are under consideration for strengthening andunifying the alumni interests. These from time to time will be setforth in the M agaeine, which will discuss everything held in com­mon by the faculty, the students, and the alumni. Thus suchmatters can be thoroughly considered in every light, and all thewisdom of those concerned in the welfare of the University canbe obtained. 'It is hoped that the new Magazine will in every way be worthyof the University, that it will be a source of constant interest to allfriends of the University, and that its support will be so generousas to assure the success which the undertaking so. well deserves.HARRY PRATT JUDSONTHE UNIVERSITY RECORDEXERCISES CONNECTED WITH THESIXTY-EIGHTH CONVOCATIONSenhor J oaquim N abuco, LL.D.,Litt.D., Brazilian Ambassador tothe United States, was the convoca­tion .orator on August 28, 1908, hisaddress, which was given in theLeon Mandel Assembly Hall, beingentitled "The Approach of the TwoAmericas." President Harry PrattJudson presented, in part, hisquarterly statement on the con­dition of the University. The Con­vocation Address and the Presi­dent's Quarterly Statement appearelsewhere in full in this issue of theUniversity of Chicago Magazine.The Convocation Reception washeld in Hutchinson Hall on theevening of August 27. In the re­ceiving line were President Judson;the convocation orator, SenhorJ oaquim N abuco, the Brazilian am­bassador; the V ice- President of theUniversity Board of Trustees, Mr.Andrew MacLeish; the Brazilianconsul in Chicago, Mr. Stuart R.Alexander; Professor Thomas C.Chamberlin, Head of the Depart­ment of Geology; and ProfessorJames P. Hall, Dean of the LawSchool.DEGREES CONFERRED AT THE SIXTY­EIGHTH CONVOCATIONAt the sixty-eighth Convocation ofthe University, held in the LeonMandel Assembly Hall on August28, 1908, sixteen students receivedthe title of Associate; two, the twoyears certificate of the College ofEducation; one, the degree ofBachelor of Education; fifty-eight,the degree of Bachelor of Arts; andtwenty-six, the degree of Bachelorof Science.In the Divinity School two stu­dents received the degree of Bache­lor of Divinity; two, the degree ofMaster of Arts; and one, the degreeof Doctor of Philosophy.In the Law School two studentsreceived the degree of Bachelor of Laws, and five the degree of Doctorof Law 0. D.).In the Graduate Schools of Arts,Literature, and Science twenty­three students were given the degreeof Master of Arts, and twenty-five,that of Master of Science-makinga total of one hundred and forty­five degrees (not including titlesand certificates) conferred by theUniversity at the Autumn Convoca­tion.GENERAL FACULTY DINNERAt Hutchinson Hall on Thursdayevening, October I, one hundred andthirty members of the Faculty metat dinner to exchange stories ofsummer experiences, discuss plansfor the work of the new year, andbecome acquainted with the newmembers of the Faculty. Thereseemed to be a general . desire toestablish the General Faculty Din­ner as an annual affair.At the high table of the Commonswere the speakers of the evening,who responded as follows: Mr.Elmer T. Merrill, newly appointedProfessor of Latin" "Greeting fromthe Atlantic Coast;" Mr. ErnstDaenell, of the University of Kiel,appointed by the Prussian Govern­ment to lecture in the University ofChicago during the Autumn Quarterunder an arrangement whereby Mr.John M. Manly will lecture duringthe winter at the University ofGottingen in exchange, "Greetingsfrom Germany ;" Mr. James R.Angell, newly appointed Dean of theSenior Colleges, "A Brand from theBurning;" Mr. Harry A. Bigelow,of the Law School, after a year'sleave of absence, "Mental Healing;"Mr. Carl Clemen, of the Universityof BOrin, offering a course in theDivinity School during the AutumnQuarter, "Greetings from Bonn ;"Mr. J. Laurence Laughlin, who, withMr. Michelson, will go to SouthAmerica for the Pan-AmericanScientific Congress, and is chairman28THE UNIVERSITY RECORDof the Alice Freeman PalmerChimes Committee, "The Defenseof the Chimes;" Mr. Julius Stieglitz,who during the winter will lectureat the University of California, "ALecture Trip to California ;" Mr.Allan Hoben, lately pastor of theFirst Baptist Church, Detroit, Mich.,and newly appointed Professor ofHomiletics in the University ofChicago, "Theological Greetings ;"Mr. James A. Field, who comesfrom the staff of Harvard Univer­sity to join that of the Universityof Chicago in the Department ofPolitical Economy, "From Harvardto Chicago;" Mr. Eliakim H. Moore,Head of the Department of Mathe­matics, just returned from the In­ternational Mathematical Congress inRome, "Greetings from Europe ;"Mr. William D. MacClintock who,with Professor Starr, has been lec­turing at institutes conducted by theDepartment of Education in thePhilippine Islands, "Pacification ofthe Philippines ;" Mr. Charles E.Merriam, who is now acting as sec­retary 0 f the Harbor Commissionfor the City of Chicago, "Work­ing for the City;" Mr. James W.Linn, newly appointed Dean in theJunior Colleges, who during the lastyear has been with the Youth'sCompanion, "From Boston to Chi­cago;" Mr. Henry G. Gale, newlyappointed Dean in the Junior Col­leges, and interested in the astro­physical work conducted at M t.Wilson, "Astrophysics in Califor­nia;" Mr. Howard T. Ricketts,whose work on Rocky Mountainfever recently gained for him themedal of the American MedicalAssociation, "Winning Medals ;"Mr. Herbert E. Slaught, "ThePrivilege of Teaching;" Mr. Fred­erick D. Bramhall, who has beenduring the last year LegislativeReference Librarian for the stateof New York, "The Return fromNew York."The President of the Universityin his remarks spoke of the interest­ing character of the Summer Quar­ter of 1908, calling attention to thetotal registration for the quarter,2,991, and to the large number ofgraduate students, I ,036. He then read the list of new appointmentsto the Faculties, a list which ap­pears elsewhere in this number.Finally, he spoke of what in a gen­eral way he termed "University Ex­tension," the ways whereby the in­fluence of the University is perme­ating the world. The Presidentspoke particularly of the significanceof the presence of Professors Dae­nell and Clemen, and of the increas­ingly cordial relations between theGerman universities and the Uni­versity of Chicago, for which greatcredit is due the Imperial GermanConsul in Chicago, Dr. WaltherWever.THE FACULTIEST'oqether, the latest novel of Pro­fessor Robert Herrick, of the De­partment of English, had gone toeight editions early in September."The Spanish Drama of To-day"is the subj ect of a contribution tothe September issue of the AtlanticMonthly, by Assistant ProfessorElizabeth Wallace, of the Depart­ment of French."The Aldrich-Vreeland Act" isthe subject of the opening contribu­tion in the October (1908) issue ofthe Journal of Political Economy,by Professor J. Laurence Laughlin,head of the Department of PoliticalEconomy."Die Stellung des College imamerikanischen U nterrichtssystem"is the subj ect of a contribution inthe Internationale Wochenschrift,fur Wissenschaft, Kunst, und Tech­nik, of July 18, I908, by Dr. AdolfC. von N oe, of the Department ofGerman."Guaranty of Bank Deposits"was the subj ect of an address inChicago on October 14 before theIllinois Bankers' Association by Pro­fessor J. Laurence Laughlin, headof the Department of PoliticalEconomy.Under the general head of Indus­trial Insurance Professor CharlesR. Henderson, head of the Depart­ment of Ecclesiastical Sociology,contributes to the September num­ber of the A merican Journal of30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINESociology an article on "ProtectiveLegislation."At a recent meeting of the Ameri­can Academy of Medicine ProfessorCharles R. Henderson, head of theDepartment of Ecclesiastical Soci­ology, was elected an associate mem­ber. The Academy devotes itself tothe study of sociological questionsconnected with medicine."'The Oldest Known Reptile'­Isodectus Punctulatus Cope" is thesubj ect of the opening contributionin the July-August (I908) numberof the Journal of Geology, by Pro­fessor Samuel W. Williston, of theDepartment of Paleontology. Thearticle is illustrated by two figures.The opening contribution in theSeptember (I908) number of theSchool Review is entitled "Indus­trial and Technical Training in theSecondary Schools and Its Bearingon College Entrance Requirements"by Associate Professor Charles R.Mann, of the Department of Physics.Assistant Professor J. PaulGoode, of the Department ofGeography, has returned from athree months' study of foreign har­bors, a!1d has presented a report tothe Chicago Harbor Commission onthe commercial advantages obtainedfrom harbor improvements inEuropean ports."Dutch Art and Artists" is thesubject of a series of nine illustratedarticles to be contributed to theC hautauquan magazine during theyear I908--:9 by Assistant ProfessorGeorge �. Zug, of the Departmentof the History of Art. The openingcontribution is entitled "Frans Halsand the Portrait."Professor James Henry Breasted,of the Department of Semiticsgave the opening lecture in th�course offered by the Field Museumof Natural History at the Art In­stitute, Chicago, during the yearI 908--:9. The subj ect of the lecturewhich was given on October 3 wa�."Through the Upper Cataracts �f theNile.". Dr. George Tunell, who receivedhis Doctor's degree from the U ni- versity in I897 and whose Doctor'sdissertation on The History ofLake Commerce appeared as ag-overnment. publication, is makingfor the Chicago Harbor Commis­sion a report 011 the Possibilitiesof Increasing the Water Shippingof the Port of Chicago.Five hundred copies of the chap­ter on "Piers the Plowman and ItsSequence," in the second volume ofThe Cambridge History of EnglishLiterature, are to be printed by theCambridge University Press for theEarly English Text Society. Thechapter was contributed by Pro­fessor John M. Manly, head of theDepartment of English."The Temples of Babylonia andAssyria" is the subj ect of the open­ing contribution in the July (I908)number of the American Journal ofS emitic Lanquaqes and Literaturesby Daniel D. Luckenbill, of the De�partment of Semitics. "AssyrianPrescriptions for Diseases of theHead" is a contribution in thesame number by Assistant Pro­fessor R. Campbell Thompson, ofthe Department of Semitics.A new volume on Ethics, issuedbv Henry Holt & Co., of New Yorkis the j oint work of Professor J oh�Dewey, formerly head of the De­partment of Philosophy and now ofColumbia University, and ProfessorJames H. Tufts, the present headof the Department of Philosophy.The volume, of 600 pages, appears111 the American Science series.Dr. Howard Woodhead (Ph.D.1907) and Dr. Milo M. Quaife(Ph.D. I908) have been employedby the Local Transportation Com­mittee of the city of Chicago tocollect and arrange historical andstatistical data regarding the prin­cipal subway systems in the largecities of thi� country and Europe.The report IS to be ready early inthe autumn.Exercises in Value Theory is apamphlet of thirty-two pages basedon a volume recently published byt�e University of Chicago Press en­titled Value and Distribution, byHerbert J. Davenport, formerlyTHE UNIVERSITY RECORDAssociate Professor in the Depart­ment of Political Economy. Thesheets are printed in a form con­venient for interleaving in what­ever text or treatise may be chosenfor study.During the Summer Quarter,1908, the following acted as Headsof University Halls: Miss Mary H.Dey, Beecher Hall; Miss' Rachel L.DeLagneau, 'Green Hall; Miss An­toinette B. Hollister, Kelly Hall ;Miss Myra Reynolds, Foster Hall;Mr. Hermann 1. Schlesinger, Hitch­cock Hall; Mr. Arnold B. Hall,Snell Hall; Mr. Edward A. Henry,Middle Divinity Hall; Mr. DouglasC. Macintosh, South Divinity. Hall;Mr. Herbert J. Davenport, NorthDivinity Hall.Professor William D. MacClin­tock, of the Department of English,who gave in April and May a seriesof lectures before the Teachers' As­sembly in Manila, was one of the \speakers at a banquet of the ChicagoCredit Men's Association held atthe Midday Club on September 23.Mr. MacClintock gave impressionsof his recent visit to the PhilippineIslands and Japan. He also spokebefore the Chicago' Association ofCommerce at the Great NorthernHotel on August 26."The Use and Effect of AtticSeals" is the subj ect of a contribu­tion to the October (1908) issue ofClassical Philology} by AssistantProfessor Robert J. Bonner, of theDepartment of Greek. To the samenumber Assistant Professor EdgarJ. Goodspeed, of the Department ofBiblical and Patristic Greek, con­tributes an article entitled "KaranisAccounts," and Professor PaulShorey, the managing editor, has anote on "Emendations of Themistius'Paraphrase of Aristotle's Physics"An artistic collection of twenty­four large views, in photogravure, ofthe University of Chicago is on saleat the University Press. The photo­gravures are mounted on dull brownleaves, and the cover has a strikingview of the Leon Mandel AssemblyHall, the Reynolds Club, andMitchell Tower, as seen from thesouth in Lexington Avenue. A 31maroon "C" incloses the view,below which, stamped in maroon, arethe words "The University ofChicago." The price of the bookis one dollar. 'In the September (1908) issue ofthe Elementary School Teacher isa contribution on "ConstructiveActivities as an Essential and Im­portant Factor in the ElementarySchool Course," by Miss Euphro­syne Langley, of the School of Edu­cation. In the October number ofthe same journal is an article en­titled "History Stories Written byThird-Grade Children," by GudrunThorne-Thomsen, of the UniversityElementary School. "DecorativeDesign as a Study for Children" isthe subj ect of a contribution byMiss Ruth Raymond, of the Schoolof Education.To the July (1908) number of theAstrophysical Journal Mr. Robert J.Wallace, of the Yerkes Observatory,contributes an article on "The Sensi­tiveness of Photographic Plates atDifferent Temperatures." It is illus­trated by six figures. ProfessorGeorge E. Hale, Director of theSolar Observatory at Mt.· Wilson,Cal., has in the September number acontribution on "Solar Vortices,"illustrated by ten plates; and Mr.Philip Fox, of the Yerkes Observa­tory, contributes a preliminary noteon "The Rotation of the Sun as De­termined from the Motion of DarkCalcium Flocculi."In the series of historical andlinguistic studies issued under thedirection of the Department of Bibli­cal and Patristic Greek a recentpublication is that by Dr. FrankGrant Lewis (Ph.D. 1907), Asso­ciate in the Department of NewTestament Literature and Interpre­tation, entitled The Irenaeus Tes­timony to the Fourth Gospel-ItsK"Ctent} Meaning} and Value. Theessay, of sixty-four pages, containsthree chapters, the conclusion, anappendix, and indices of names andsubj ects, Irenaeus references, andNew Testament texts. In the prefaceis expressed the writer's indebtednessto Professor Ernest D. Burton, headof the Department of New Testa­ment Literature and Interpretation.32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEIn the series of historical andlinguistic studies issued under thedirection of the Department of Bibli­cal and Patristic Greek the most re­cent publication is A Lexicographicaland Historical Study of AIAe H K Hfrom the Earliest Times to the Endof the Classical Period, by Dr.Frederick Owen Norton. The essay,of seventy pages, is in two parts,Part I-The Lexicographical Study-containing four chapters, andPart II --,- The Historical Study: TheGreek Will-containing six chapters.In the preface the writer expresseshis special obligation to ProfessorErnest D. Burton, head of the De­partment of Biblical and PatristicGreek. The essay is published bythe University of Chicago Press.Mr. Norton received the Doctor'sdegree from the University in 1906."The Field of Systematic The­ology Today" is the subj ect of a con­tribution in the August issue of theBiblical World, by Associate Pro­fessor Gerald B. Smith, of the De­partment of Systematic Theology.Professor Ernest D. Burton, headof the Department of New Testa­ment Literature and Interpretation,contributes to the same number anarticle on "Atonement as Conceivedby the Early Church" -the eighth inthe series on the general theme ofthe Biblical Doctrine of Atonement.Mr. Burton continues the series inthe September number, the subj ectbeing "Atonement in the Teachingof Paul." "Duties of the Church inUrban Communities" is the subjectof a discussion by Professor CharlesR. Henderson, head of the Depart­ment of Ecclesiastical Sociology,this being the twelfth of a series onSocial Duties.Electricitv, Sound, and Light isthe title of a new textbook by As­sociate Professor Robert A. Milli­kan, of the Department of Physics,and Mr. John Mills, instructor inPhysics in Western Reserve Univer­sity. The volume, of 390 pages, isintended as a short university coursein physics and represents "an at­tempt to' secure a satisfactory articu­lation of the laboratory and c1ass- room phases of instruction inphysics." The method of treatmentis throughout analytical rather thandescriptive although no mathematicsbeyond trigonometry is presupposed.Among the chapter headings are thefollowing: "Magnetic and ElectricFields of Force," "Measurement ofElectric Currents," "ElectromotiveForce and Internal Resistance,""Velocity of Sound in Air," "Musi­cal Properties of Air Chambers,""Waves in Strings," "Diffraction ofSound and Light Waves," "Diffrac­tion Grating," "Photometry," "Polar­ized Light," and "Radio-activity."Twelve pages of problems and six­teen pages of tables conclude thevolume, which is published by Ginn& Company.In the July (1908) number of theBotanical Gazette the opening con­tribution (the I I rth from the HullBotanical Laboratory), entitled "AStudy of Reduction in Oenotherarubrinervis," is by Dr. Reginald R.Gates, of the Department of Botany.The contributicn is illustrated bythree plates. Professor John M.Coulter, head of the Department ofBotany, contributes an article on"The Embryo Sac and Embryo ofGnetum Gnemon." This contributionis the II2th from the BotanicalLaboratory, and is illustrated by oneplate. The II3th contribution,which opens the August number ofthe journal, is entitled "Floral Suc­cession in the Prairie-Grass Forma­tion of Southeastern South Dakota,"and is the work of Dr. LeRoy H.Harvey, who was Assistant in Ecologyduring the Summer Quarter of I908.The September number opens withthe I rath contribution from the HullBotanical Laboratory, "The Stami­nate Cone and Male Gametophyteof Podocarpus," the writer beingMr. L. Lancelot Burlingame, Assist­ant in Morphology during the Sum­mer Quarter, 1908. The article isillustrated by nine figures and twoplates. The I l5th contribution fromthe Laboratory, "The Seedling ofCeratozamia," is by Helen A.Dorety, a Fellow in the Departmentof Botany. The article is illustratedby two figures and five plates.DISCUSSION AND COMMENT[The Editors of The .Unive,,:"si'iy of' Ch,·caglJ Magazi1ze welcome letters from graduates, faculty,and stu?en�s on UD1Ver�lty tOPIC� •. Correspondence shou.ld bear the signature of the writer. TheMagazIne 15 not responsible for opmions expressed In contributions.c--Ens.]"THE MAGAZINE"The President of the Universityhas set forth in another column thegreat object for which this publica­tion has been established: "Thealumni are now in a position to be ofservice." A few years ago the gradu­ates began to realize their missionalong this line and in March, 1907,their effort took the form of an in­dependent organ known as TheChicago Alumni Magazine. The de­sire for a more comprehensivejournal, however, one which would'embrace within its exclusive pur­view the entire range' of Universitylife and activity, has in this issuefound its fruition. The Universityhas seen the possibilities of itsgrowing as well as aging graduatebody and now, instead of continu­ing' its former necessary, almostparental, attitude, it is willing andglad to lean upon its offspring, andshow its faith in them. ', The new j ournal stands foreverything which the former publi­cation did, except that both thenature and obj ects of its servicehave been broadened. The officiallife of the institution which form­erly was reported through thequarterly known as the UniversityRecord, will hereafter appear ex­clusively in this publication. TheRecord and Alumni Magazin,e arethus fused and the University andits graduates are brought closer to­gether in a common interest. Thefield' of The University of ChicagoMagazine is just as broad as itsname. It is no longer an alumniperiodical in the narrow sense, butby serving all the various classesand groups in our University familyit becomes an alumni periodical inthe broadest and best sense-in thesense of devotion to the interests ofthe University at large.On the other hand, this develop­ment does not mean that any of33 that alumni integrity, as exemplifiedin the' old Alumni Magazine, hasbeen or is to be dissipated. Thepublication is still owned and pub­lished by the Alumni Associationand the freedom of its columns forthe expression of alumni opinion' isin no wise abridged. The generousco-operation of the University, inplacing in the hands of the gradu­ates the disseminating of its officialnews and also in putting at - theirdisposal the excellent organization,both edito.rial and financial, whichthe University Record has enjoyedfor so many years, can only serveto enlarge the usefulness and powerof the new Magazine. ,The Magazine thus becomes. aninstrument in the hands of thegraduates, wherein all of the vari­ous phases of our University life,be they alumni, ,faculty, under­graduate, or other friendly- interests,may find their welfare served andprotected,A CLASS GIFT FROM EACH CLASSEditor The Magazine:Sir: I have recently read with in­terest the statement in the DailyMaroon that the class of 1908 havedecided to give a bronze tablet to the �memory of President Harper as theirclass gift. This moves me to remarkthat the class gifts appear to me to bea very important feature of the stu­dent's connection with the Univer­sity, a' feature which deserves care­ful consideration by every class. -The sentiments' clustering about astudent's years in the University· arenot only an important part 'of· him­self throughout the rest of his life;they are also important to' the insti­tution and form one of its mostvaluable assets in the educationalworld. It is, therefore, fitting anddesirable for graduates of each yearto leave a memorial of their con­nection with the University. Most34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEof the classes up to the present timehave done this, but there are . somegaps in the series which, if I re­member correctly, is as follows:1893-1894-1895-1896-The Seniors' Bench.1897- The President's Chair.1898-The Stone Fountain.1900-An elm tree (the largeston the campus).190I-The Douglas Tablet in thecorridor of Mandel Hall.1902-Stained glass window inMandel Hall.1903-The HC" Bench.1904-1905-1906- The Cobb Hall BulletinBoards.1907-The Cobb Hall Lights.1908- The Harper Tablet.Is it not possible to fill these gaps?I take it for granted that the classesof 1904 and 1905 already have thesubj ect in hand and that in due timetheir gifts will be presented to theUniversity, but so far as I know thefirst three classes did nothing in thisdirection. I t should be possible yetto secure concerted' action from themembers of these classes to con­tribute memorials which, althoughnot. too expensive for the compara­tively small classes in these· years,would be appropriate and in linewith the others. How fitting itwould be, for instance, if the classof 1893 should place in the corridorof Cobb Hall, on the wall of whatwas Cobb Hall Chapel until lastsummer, a tablet stating- that in thisroom the University began its work,October I, 1892, with a simple chapelservice conducted by PresidentHarper and that the tablet wasplaced by the first graduating class.The article in the Maroon namesthe following subj ects for gifts whichwere considered by this year's class: "A stone bridge across Hull pond,stone benches in Mandel and Hitch­cock courts, clocks for HutchinsonHall, the Reynolds Club, LexingtonHall, the Law library and Memoriallibrary, trees on the campus, collec­tions of books for the new library,alcoves in the library, lighting fix­tures on the campus, a bronzefountain in Mandel court and abronze ornament in Hitchcock court."It would be well, 1 think, if thesesuggestions and all others worthyof consideration that come beforethe succeeding classes were kept onfile. in your office. Every suggestionthat may occur to any interested per­son might be added to the list, andthus there would be on hand an in­creasing series of worthy objectsopen to the consideration of theclasses when they are ready to takeup the matter, .Every gift should have in itselfenough worth, artistic or practicalto ensure its being kept throughoutthe history of the University. Asthe years go on these mementoeswill become a distinct and interestingfeature of the University's materialequipment.These remarks are offered forwhat they may be worth and you maymake such use of them as your judg­ment approves. I remain,F. J. GURNEY, d'83Chicago, Iune I, I908THE CLOSE OF THE OLD UNIVERSITYEditor The Magazine:Sir: In the article on "CollegeJournalism" (November, 1907, Jan­uary, 1908), the close of the OldUniversity is referred to as occur­ring in 1885. The University con­tinued its work until after thecommencement exercises in June,1886, as is amply attested by thestrong body of alumni of that year.FRANCIS HUMBOLDT CLARKUNDERGRADUATE LIFEFootball gossip at Chicago took aconservative turn when it was givenout that the first game would beplayed within two days of theopening of school. Results, how­ever, gave Chicago men confidence.When Purdue was defeated onMarshall Field by a score of 39 too the new fighting machine began toreceive attention. Coach Staggbuilt up his new team with the fol­lowing men: Page, r e; Kelley, r t;Ehrhorn, r g ; Badenoch, c; Worth­wine, I g; . Hoffman, 1 t; Schommer,1 e; Steffen (Capt.), q b; Crowley,r h b; Iddings, 1 h b; Schott, f b.Only three "C" men who playedon last year's team, Steffen, Id­dings, and Page, returned. Threeothers, Hoffman, Schommer, andW orthwine, played last year as sub­stitutes. Most of the materialoffered was not promising, but theaddition of such a man as TomKelley, 190 lbs., who played tacklein 1906 proved fortunate.. Kelleywas laid up with' rheumatism lastseason. The freshman class of lastyear had little to offer Coach Stagg,although there is promising materialin Rogers, ISO lbs., captain of the191 I team; Crowley, 168 lbs. ;Smith, 195 lbs., and Bohlander, 185lbs. Extra line positions probablywill be filled from last year's scrubteam. 'Badenoch, 173 lbs., has had oneyear's experience playing against theVarsity and is expected to makegood in his position. Ehrhorn, 163lbs., was a promising scrub lastyear and is expected to make goodthis year.This year's schedule includes thefollowing games:October 17-Illinois at Chicago.October 3 I-Minnesota at Chicago.November 14-Cornell· at Chicago.November 21-Wisconsin at Madi-son.That Chicago athletes are soughtafter as coaches by schools allover the country is evident whenthe number of men now in good,well-paid positions is considered. Some of the men, as in the case ofMarc Catlin, are also heads of theirdepartments, while others'. are onthe faculty of other departments atthe same time. Those coaching thisfall are:A. H. Badenoch (1904-05), BrighamYoung College, Logan, Utah.H. F. Bezdek (1902-03-04-05), Uni­versity of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Ark.M. S. Catlin (1902-03-04-05), Uni­versity of Iowa, Iowa City, Ia.D. B. Dougherty (freshman team1907). St. Ignatius. College, Chicago,Ill.S. W. Finger (1906), Cornell Col­lege, M t. Vernon. Ia.C. B. Herschberger (1894-96-97-98),Lake Forest Academy, Lake Forest,Ill.W. F. Kennedy (1896-97-98-99),Albion Colleee, Albion, Mich.C. F. Kennedy (1903-04), Univer­sity High School, Chicago, Ill.J. P. Koehler (1902), University ofDenver, Denver, Colo.F. W. Luehring (freshman team1905) , Ripon College, Ripon, Wis.N. A. Merriam (1907), Agriculturaland Mechanical College, College Sta­tion, Tex.E. J. Moulton (1907), Pritchett Col­lege, Glasgow, Mo.E. E. Parry (1903-04-05-06), Okla­homa Agricultural College, Stillwater,Okla.C. Russell (1905-06), ColoradoSchool of Mines, Golden, Colo.L. D. Sherer (1904), Nebraska StateNormal School, Peru, Neb.J. M. Sheldon ( 1 899, 1900-01-02),Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind.F. A. Speik (1901-0.2-03-04), Pur­due University, Lafayette, Ind.I. F. Tobin (1903-04), All HallowsCollege, Salt Lake City, Utah.C. F. Watson (1906), Drury College,Springfield, Mo.F. M. Walker (1904-05-06), Agri­cultural ColleQ"e of Utah, Logan, Utah.W. H. EckersqIl (1904";"05-06), St.Viateur's College, Kankakee, Ill.For a number" of years the Y. M.C. A. and the Y. W. C. L. have hadthe distinction of being the first or­ganizations to welcome freshmenand make them feel at home.Nothing is more helpful to a newstudent in the first few days of hiscollege career than the hearty35THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEhandshake and the warm greeting.The Y. W. C. L. opened with aseries of successful afternoon teason September 29, 30, and October I.Miss Hendricks has returned forher third year of service as leaguesecretary. Miss Etten took chargeof the freshman frolic, at which amusical comedietta entitled The Fateof Phyllis P hresh was presented. The W. A. A. gave its annualdance for the freshmen on the even­ing of October 7 in Lexingtongymnasium.The Y. M. C. A. opened its cam­paign with a stag party at Haskellon October 2, at which doughnutsand apples were distributed to aj oIly crowd of freshmen and upperc1assmen.THE ASSOCIATION OF DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHYHERBERT E. SLAUGHT, PH.D., '98, SecretaryThe degree of Doctor of Phi­losophy was conferred upon nine­teen candidates at the Autumn Con­vocation, August 28, 1908. They areas follows:George Cromwell Ashman, S.B.,Wabash College, 1895; S.M., The Uni­versi ty of Chicago, 1905. Ph.D. inChemistry and Physics. Thesis:Studies in Radioactivity.Walter Van Dyke Bingham, A.B.,Beloit College, 1901. Ph.D. in Psy­chology and Philosophy. Thesis:Studies in Melody and Movement.Robert Earle Buchanan, S.B., IowaState College, 1904; S.M., ibid., 1906.Ph.D. in Bacteriology and Botany.Thesis: The Morphology of BacillusRadicola.Liborio Gomez y Pineda, A.B., SanJuan de Letran, 1903; S.M., The Uni­versity of Chicago, 1907; M.D., RushMedical College, 1908. Ph.D. in Path­ology and Physiology. Thesis: Studiesin Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever.Hans Ernst Gronow, Ph.B., TheUniversity of Chicago, 1905. German and History. Thesis:Augengrubers Verhiiltnis zum N atur­alismus,Jacob Harold Heinzelman, A.B.,The University of Illinois, 1902. Ph .. German and English. Thesis: TheInfluence of the German V olksliedupon Eichendorti's Lyrics.Frederick Leroy Hutson, A.B., Den­ison University, 1896. Ph.D. inGreek and Latin. Thesis : Sparta inGree k Opinion.William Duncan MacMillan, A.B.,Fort Worth University, 1898; A.M.,The University of Chicago, 1906.Ph.D. in Astronomy and Mathematics.Thesis : Periodic Orbits about anOblate Spheroid.Cecil Clare North, A.B., The Uni­versity of Nebraska, 1902; D.B., TheUniversity of Chicago, 1905. Ph.D. in Sociology and Philosophy. Thesis:The Influence of Modern Social Rela­tions upon Ethical Concepts.Wales Harrison Packard, S.B.)Olivet College, 1894. Ph.D. in Physi­ology and Zoology. Thesis: On Re­sistance to Lack of Oxygen in Animals.Eugene Bryan Patton, A.B., Wash­ington University, 1904; A.M., TheUniversity of Chicago, 1907. Political Economy and History,Thesis: The Resumption of SpeciePayment in I879.Susan Wade Peabody, S.B., Welles­ley College, 1886. Ph.D. in PoliticalScience and History. Thesis: TheRelation of Government to PublicHealth.Wanda May Pfeiffer, S.B., The Uni­versity of Chicago, 1904. Ph.D. inPlant Morphology and Plant Physi­ology. Thesis: The M orpho[ogy ofLeitneria floridana.Evan Taylor Sage, A.B., The Uni­versity of Nebraska, 1902; A.M., TheUniversity of Chicago, 1904. Latin, Greek, and Sanskrit. Thesis:The Pseudo-Ciceronian Consolatio.Oscar Douglas Skelton, A.M.,Queen's University, 1899. Ph.D. inPolitical Economy and Political Sci­ence. Thesis: An Examination ofMarxian Theory.Alma Gracey Stokey, A.B., OberlinCollege, 1905. Ph.D. in Plant Mor­phology and Plant Physiology. Thesis:The Anatomy of Isoetes,Katashi Takahashi, Rigakushi, Im­perial University of Tokyo, 1901.Ph.D. in Zoology and Embryology.Thesis: Histogenesis of the LateralLine Svstem in Necturus.Marion Lee Taylor, A.B., WellesleyCollege, 1895. Ph.D. in German andEnglish. Thesis: The Technique ofConrad Ferdinand Meyer's Nouellen,Charles Bray Williams, A.B., WakeForest College, 1891; D.B., CrozerTHE ASSOCIATION OF DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHY 37Theological Seminary, 1901; A.M.,The University of Chicago, 1907.Ph.D. in Biblical and Patristic Greek,Hebrew Language and Literature.Thesis: The Participle in the Book ofActs.Of the new Doctors, those alreadyreported as having received ap­pointments are as follows:Dr. Ashman is professor of chem­istry at Bradley Polytechnic Institute.Dr. Bingham goes to the departmentof educational psychology in TeachersCollege, Columbia University, NewYork City.Dr. Buchanan is to be associate pro­fessor of bacteriology at the IowaState Agricultural College, Ames, Iowa.Dr. Gomez is a physician in thePhilippine Islands.Dr. Gronow and Dr. Heinzelman aremembers of the staff of the GermanDepartment in the University ofChicago.Dr. Hutson is in the department ofGreek at ,Princeton University, Prince­ton, New Jersey.Dr. MacMillan has been appointedAssociate in Mathematics and Astron­omy at the University of Chicago,Dr. Packard is professor of biologyat Bradley Polytechnic Institute, Peoria,Ill.Dr. North is professor of sociologyat DePauw University, Greencastle,Ind.Dr. Patton is instructor in politicaleconomy and history at Rochester Uni-versity, Rochester, New York. .Dr. Sage continues in the depart­ment of Latin in the preparatory schoolof the University of Idaho.Dr. Skelton has been appointedassistant professor of political sciencein Queen's University, Kingston, Can­ada.Dr. Stokey has been appointed in­structor in botany at Mt. HolyokeCollege, Massachusetts.Dr. Takahashi is to be professor ofzoology at the Imperial Peers' College,Tokyo, Japan., Dr. Taylor will be instructor inGerman at the Eastern District HighSchool, Brooklyn, N ew York.Additional reports of appoint­ments from those who received thedegree at the June Convocation areas follows:Dr. Adams is associate in animalecology, University of Illinois.Dr. Goodman has been appointedLaboratory Assistant' in Bacteriology atthe University of Chicago. Dr. Harvey will be professor ofbotany at the State Normal School,Kalamazoo, Mich.Dr. Shattuck has been appointedprofessor of botany at Clemson Col­lege, South Carolina.Dr. Swanson goes to Queen's Uni­versity, Montreal, Canada, as professorof political economy.Dr. Ullman has been appointed As­sistant in Latin at the University ofChicago.Dr. Yoakum has been appointed in­structor in psychology at the Universityof Texas.Dr. Williams is professor of Greekin the Southwestern Theological Semi­nary, Waco, Tex.The total number of Doctors isnow five hundred and sixteen, ofwhom nine are deceased. Thenames of those not living were givenin the April (1908) number of theUnioersit» Record, with the excep­tion of Dr. PaulO. Kern, who diedSeptember 4, 1908.At the last meeting of theAmerican Chemical Society, Dr.Ralph McKee, '01, read a paper on"The Asymmetrical Methyl Dial­kulisoureas," an abstract of whichappeared in Science, XXVII (1908),page 323. The complete paper willbe published in the AmericanChemical Journal. Dr. McKee alsoread a paper before the j oint meet­ing of the Illinois, Indiana, andWisconsin sections of the AmericanChemical Society, on "Water ofCrystallization as Affected byLight." This paper will also ap­pear in the A merican ChemicalJournal.At a recent meeting of the Classi­cal Associations of Kansas andEastern Missouri at Emporia, Kan­sas, Dr. Warren S. Gordis, '04, pre­sented a paper on "The Content ofthe Latin Course in SecondarySchools." He was elected presidentof the association for the coming,year.Dr. Charles H. Gordon, '05, pro­fessor of geology in the Universityof Tennessee, gave a series of sixlectures in the university extensioncourses conducted by that institu­tion during the last year. The topicsof his lectures were as follows:THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE(1) "Apollo at Work; the Shap­ing of the Lands;" (2) "The Storyof the Glaciers;" (3) "History ofNiagara and the Great Lakes;" (4)"From the Rockies to Berlin-SomeThings I Saw on Two Continents;"(5) "The Public School-Its Func­tion and Influence;" (6) "Theoriesof the Origin of the Earth."Assistant Professor Paul OskarKern, who received the doctorate atthe Universitv of Chicago in 1897,died at his summer home near N e­waygo, Mich., September 4, 1908.He was Assistant Professor of Germanic Philology and had beena member of the Germanic Depart­ment since 1895. He had studied inthe University of Berlin and in theSorbonne and College de France, andhad been a graduate student at theUniversity of Chicago and Fellowin the Germanic Department.Dr. William H. Allison, 'os. whohas been professor of history andpolitical economy at Franklin Col­lege, Franklin, Ind., since receiv­ing his degree, has been appointedprofessor of history in Bryn MawrCollege.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO LAW SCHOOL.ASSOCIATIONR. E. SCHREIBER, LL.B., '06, SecretaryTHE ANNUAL MEETINGThe meeting was held June 5,1908 at the Windemere Hotel. Itwas' called to order by PresidentHarry J. Lurie, '05. In the absenceof the secretary, S. D. Hirschi wasappointed secretary pro tem bychair.The secretary-treasurer' s reportand the minutes of the last meet­ing were read by the temporary sec­retary, and approved.The following officers were elect­ed by a unanimous ballot for theensuing term:President, Samuel D. Hirschl, '06.Vice-President) William H. LairdBell, '07.S ecretary- Treasurer) Rudoph Er­nest Schreiber, '06.On motion of Henry P. Chandler,'06, a vote of thanks was given toHon. Thomas R. Marshall, of Colum­bia City, Ind., for his address atthe banquet preceding the meeting;and the president was authorized toappoint a committee of three todraft and present resolutions, thecommittee to include the presidentas a member. President Lurie ap­pointed Henry P. Chandler and S.D. HirschI as the other two mem­bers 0 f the committee.Meeting adj ourned, sub] ect to callof chair. S. D. HIRSCHL,Secretary pro tem THE ANNUAL BANQUETThe annual banquet was held atthe Windemere Hotel on June 5,1908. About thirty graduates,former students of the school, andmembers of the senior class werepresent. The faculty of the schoolwas also well represented. The toastlist was as follows:"The Faculty," Dean James Par­ker Hall."The Seniors" C. Arthur Bruce,'oS. ' ,"The Alumni," William MortKeely, '03, Washington, Iowa.President Harry J. Lurie, '05,acted as toastmaster. Following thetoasts, an address on "Law andLawyers" was delivered by Hon.Thomas R. Marshall, of ColumbiaCity, Ind. Mr. Marshall is the Demo­cratic candidate for governor of In­diana, and a leading practitioner inthat state.Roy D. Keehn, Ph.B., '02, 1'04, isa lawyer with offices in the RectorBuilding, Chicago.Frederick R. Baird, 1'05, and Vic­tor E. Purdey, 1'08, have engaged inthe practice of law in Omaha,Nebraska.Charles Arthur Bruce, 1'08, ispracticing law in Kansas City, Mo.His home address is 2625 W yan­dotte Street, Kansas City, Mo.THE DIVINITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONThurlow G. Essington, 1'08 ispracticing in his father's offic�' inStreator, Illinois.Hugo M. Friend, 1'08, is prac­ticing in the office of Felsenthal,Foreman & Beckwith, 100 Washing­ton Street, Chicago. 39Sidney Lyon, 1'08, is with the lawfirm of Moses, Rosenthal & Ken­nedy, the Temple, Chicago.Irvin 1. Livingston, 1'08, is withthe firm of Ryon & Condon, 721First N ational Bank Building,Chicago.THE DIVINITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONEDGAR J. GOODSPEED, '97, SecretaryTHE ANNUAL DINNERThe annual dinner .of the divinityalumni was held in Hutchinson cafeon Tuesday, June 9. The presi­dent, Rev. Dr. Hobbs, of Delavan,Wisconsin, was in the chair. Heintroduced President Judson, whospoke of the demands made uponthe modern minister. Dean Mathewsdiscussed the prospects of theschool, and Professor Burton spokeof the significance of the Universitycommission to the Orient. Mr. Gar­rett on behalf of the graduatingclass replied to Dr. Hobbs's welcometo the new alumni. ProfessorFranklin Johnson spoke on "TheLiterary Studies of the Minister."At the conclusion of his speech ahandsome gold-headed cane wasgiven to him by Dr. Sellinger onbehalf of the students as a mark oftheir affectionate appreciation. Rev.Mr. Galpin, of Madison, Wisconsin,and Rev. Dr. Case, of Buffalo, NewYork, alumni of the school, madeearnest and telling speeches. Officersfor the ensuing year were elected.THE MID-SUMMER DINNERA growing characteristic of theDivinity School is esprit de corps.This was manifest at the large mid­summer dinner held Tuesday eve­ning, July 14, at Lexington Hall. Itwas primarily a dinner of good fel­lowship. Each of the many presentgave his name and state. Dr. Hoben,the new Associate Professor ofHomiletics and Pastoral Duties,made his first speech since comingto the University. It is proposed tohave such fellowship dinners fromtime to time. ALUMNI NEWSIn order to keep the divinityalumni in closer touch with each otherand with the Alumni Association, itis proposed that the executive com­mittee appoint class secretaries, whoshall undertake to report for theirseveral classes items of personalnews, changes of address, etc., forpublication in these alumni columns.The names of these secretaries willbe announced later. Nominationsfor these offices will be welcomed bythe committee.George Matthew Adams, '70,formerly of Harvey, Illinois, is nowlocated in Bellevue, Kansas.Morton Parsons, '87, formerly ofClearwater, Washington, is nowresiding at Seattle, Washington, andmay be addressed at 739 North 72ndStreet.Walter M. Walker, '89, has be­come pastor of the PennsylvaniaAvenue Baptist Church, Scranton,Pa.Romanzo S. Walker, '92, on Sep­tember 13 laid the corner stone of anew Baptist church at Hollywood,California. Mr. Walker has beenpastor at Hollywood for a year, dur­ing which time the membership ofthe church has doubled, growing tomore than IOO. His address is 154South Vine St., Hollywood, Cali­fornia.J. W. Hoag, '05, has resigned thepastorate of the Baptist church atLaCrosse, Wisconsin, to accept acall to Atlantic City, New Jersey.Hermon H. Severn, a member ofthe Divinity School in 1902-3, pro­fessor of Greek in Central College,Pella, Iowa, has become dean of thefaculty in that institution.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEBower R. Patrick, '97, chaplain,U. S. S. "Annapolis," is now sta­tioned at Tutuila, Samoa, at whichport the "Annapolis" is station'Ship. Chaplain Patrick, with hisfamily, left San Francisco July 6,f or Samoa, on the steamer "Aeon,"bound for Auckland, via Apia. OnJuly 18, the "Aeon" struck on acoral reef, and was wrecked onChristmas Island, on which the pas­sengers and crew took refuge, thewomen and children :finding shelterin the huts of the pearl fishermen.A party of the ship's officers madeits way in one of the. ship's boatsto the British cable station on Fan­ning Island, arriving there Sep­tember 18, two months after thewreck, and thence cabled to the navydepartment at Washington a reportof the shipwreck from ChaplainPatrick, and a request for relief.I t is reported that the supply ship"Solace" will be despatched fromSamoa, to take off Chaplain Patrickand his family, together with theother castaways, more than fifty innumber, and convey them to Samoanand Hawaiian ports.Edward C. Kunkle, '01, is pastorof the First Church of Scottdale,Fa., which is making steadyprogress. Eudorus N. Bell, '03, resides atI50! Boulevard Street, Fort Worth,Texas.Birney S. Hudson, '04, may beaddressed at Hastings, Nebraska.He formerly resided at Brookings,South Dakota.Frank Grant Lewis, Ph.D., '07,has become professor of Bible his­tory and interpretation in the Bap­tist Training School for ChristianWork, at Philadelphia, and in­structor in Hebrew in Crozier Theo­logical Seminary.Edward P. Pillaus, a member ofthe Divinity School since 1905, hasbecome pastor at Glenville, N e­braska.Franklin H. Gesselbracht, Ph.D.(Leipzig), for two years past amember of the Divinity School, hasbecome pastor of the Congregationalchurch at Albany, Oregon, wherehe will also give instruction in thecollege.A. S. Wilson, Fellow in Theology,'04-'06, and Head of Middle Di­vinity Hall, is head of the LibrarySchool of the University of Illi­nois, at Champaign.Frederic Owen Norton, Ph.D.,'07, professor of Greek in DrakeUniversity, Des Moines, Iowa, hasbecome dean of the faculty in thatinstitution.THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONGEORGE o. FAIRWEATHER_, '07, General SecretaryTHE ANNUAL MEETINGThe annual meeting of the AlumniAssociation on Saturday, June 6,1908, was larger than any otherprevious gathering. It was uniquein the large number of visitinggraduates who carne from consider­able distances. The alumni clubsat Seattle and Denver were repre­sented by special delegates. Manyof the students of the Old Univer­sity were in attendance.The business meeting convened attwo 0' clock with President BurtBrown Barker, '97, in the chair. Thecommittee on �l new constitution wascontinued for another year. In viewof the many changes through which the Association is now passing itwas thought unwise to stipulate forany definite form of governmentuntil the plans of the organizationhad been definitized. The presi­dent's report brought out the re­cent growth in alumni clubs invarious sections of the country, andalso the fact that during the pastyear the Association had been keptfree from any deficit, by virtue ofthe arrangement with the generalsecretary, whereby all current officeexpenses are assumed by him. Newactivity for the Association wassuggested along the lines of extend­ing the Association's publication, inco-operation among the variousTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 4Ialumni groups, in the reorganiza­tion of the alumni records in theedition of a new alumni directory,and the obtaining of permanentquarters for the alumni office. Adiscussion followed as to the chang­ing of the hour of the businessmeeting from two o'clock to aboutfive, just preceding the alumni din­ner, and a motion was carried tothe effect that some such arrange­ment be planned for next year.The president of the Associationthen welcomed the class of 'oS intothe general alumni body. The re­sponse on the behalf of the classwas made by Luther D. Fernald, 'aS.During the afternoon the classesadj ourned to the Western Inter­Collegiate Conference, then in prog­ress in Marshall Field, or heldimpromptu reunions in the vicinityof the "C" bench where the band wasplaced.In the evening one hundred andeighty graduates and guests assem­bled at the annual alumni dinner.Owing to the limited accommoda­tions, between seventy-five and onehundred alumni were unable to beprovided for. The toastmaster ofthe eveninz, President-elect JohnFranklin Hagey, '9S, was introducedby the retiring president who, in thecours � of his remarks, announcedthe election of officers of the asso­ciation and alumni members of theUniversity Congregation. The toastlist was as follows: Alvin Kramer,'oS, Oren B. Taft, ex-'62, RalphMerriam, '03, and President Judsonof the University.At the conclusion of the speakingthe graduates sang the "AlmaMater" and adj ourned to theReynolds Club for an informalalumni dance. This latter venturewas an innovation in alumni dayprocedure, but proved very enj oyable.Plans for the celebration ofalumni day next year are being con­sidered which involve the changeof the day to Convocation Day, theholding of the business meeting atfive o'clock shortly after the Convo­cation address, a large alumni din­ner in the evening, followed by in­formal dancing either in the Rey­nolds Club or Gymnasium. ELECTION RETURNSJune 6, I90STo the President and Executive C om­mit tee :I beg to submit herewith the re­port on the election of officers ofthe Alumni Association for the en­suing year, and of alumni mem­bers of the University Congregationto serve during the period 1908- IS,as follows:OFFICERS OF THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONPresident, John Franklin Hagey, '98.First Vice-President, Francis H. Clark,'82.Second Vice-President, Kate B. Miller,'02.Third Vice-President� John C. Free­man, '99.General Secretary, George O. Fair­weather, '07.M embers of Executive Committee,1908-1911 :Warren P. Behan, '94, d'97, Ph.D.'99.Mary Freeman Strong (Mrs. R. M.),'01.James M. Sheldon, '03. 1'04.ALUMNI MEMBERS OF THE UNIVERSITYCONGREGATION, 1908-18Bachelors of Arts, Science, and Phi-losophyJ ames Goodman, '62.Homer J. Carr, '79.Stella Robertson Stagg, '96.Burt Brown Barker, '97.Allen T. Burns, '98.Charlotte Capen Eckhart, '98.John Franklin Hagey, '98.Angeline Loesch, '98.John P. Mentzer, '98.Cecil Page, '98.Bachelors of Divinity:Fred P. Haggard, '89.William E. Chalmers, '97.Orlo J. Price, '98.Frederick T. Galpin, , 04.Birney S. Hudson, '04.M asters of Arts, Science, and Phi­losophy:Maude Radford Warren (Mrs. J. P.),'96.Eugenia Winston Weller (Mrs. C.F.), '97.Annie M. MacLean, '97.George L. Marsh, '99.Earl D. Howard, '03.Doctors of Law and Bachelors ofLaws:Rowland T. Rogers, '03.Stephen L. Richards, '05.42 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINEWilliam M. Keeley, '04.Leon P. Lewis, '05.William H. L. Bell, '07.Respectfully submitted,GEORGE O. FAIRWEATHER, '07General SecretaryFINANCIAL /STATEMENT_, ALUMNI DAY_,IQ08July I, 1908To the Executive Committee:I beg to submit herewith a financialreport on the affairs of Alumni Day,June 6, 1908.Receipts180 Plates (less fiveguest tickets at$1.00) ••••••..••.• $175.00Class of '03......... 21.56Total Receipts .... $196.56ExpendituresUniversity Commons .. $136.00Reynolds Club....... 6.00Ticket salesman...... 2.50Music .....•........ 17.50Alumni Game........ .75Printing and Postage 40.49Total Expenditures $203.24Deficit •.. • . . . . . • • 6.68Respectfully submitted,GEORGE O. FAIRWEATHER, '07General Secretary'06 GIFT FUND REPORTApril roth, 1908To the Class of I906 of the Uni­versity of Chicago:Herewith I beg to make a reportconcerning the class gift fund of theClass of 1906.Due to unsatisfactory designs andprices, our proposed gift, a new setof choir stalls for Mandel Hall, wasrej ected by the University.After several conferences itseemed advisable to Miss Lawton,chairman of the gift committee, andsuch other members of the classwith whom I was in communication,to present to the University a newset of steel electric lighted bulletinboards, to be placed at the eastentrance to Cobb Hall.Whereupon, having secured satis­factory designs and bids, along withthe University's approval, the bulle­tin boards were erected in Decem­ber, 1907. The balance of $32.09, which re­mained after all bills were paid, hasbeen subscribed to the Harper Me­morial Library Fund.The expenditures were as follows:Contract of Winslow Bros. Co .. $275.00Architect's fee of 5 per cent. . . . 13.75Building foundation and settingbulletin boards 42.50Carrying circuits to bulletinboards and wiring for electriclights 47.00Subscribed to the Harper Memo-rial Library Fund 32.09Total .....•.••.........•. $410.34(Signed) BURTON P. GALE,PresidentTHE SEATTLE ALUMNI CLUBThe members of the SeattleAlumni Club celebrated alumni daywith a dinner at the Butler Annex,Seattle, Washington, on Friday, June5. Dr. Samuel D. Barnes, '95, presi­dent of the club, acted as toast­master. Among those present wereProfessors David Thomson, T. K.Sidey, and Ida K. Greenlee, U niver­sity of Washington; Principal J. E.McKown, Misses Clare D.. Fox, A.J. Pigelow, Maude H. Calvert,Ethelda Morrison, Juliet O'Hearn,Olga Mueller, L. V. Johnson, andAgnes Mulken, of the Seattle highschools, and Mrs. Helen M. Hubbell,Milo J. Loveless, S. A. Lyon, andC. C. Closson.C. C. Closson gave an interestingand extended talk on the status andimportance of the regrade and canalprojects in Seattle. Miss Ida K.Greenlee exhibited and described avery large and rare collection ofcurios from Japan, 'gathered on atrip she recently made to thatcountry.NEW ALUMNI CLUBSA Philadelphia alumni club will beformed on November 14. All of thegraduates anl former students inPhiladelphia and vicinity are beingurged to co-operate with the com­mittee in charge, consisting of W.Henry Elfreth, '02, 700 West EndTrust Building, Philadelphia, andEdwin D. Solenberger, '00, 1506 ArchTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 43Street. During the afternoon a re­ception will be given to meet DeanGeorge E. Vincent, and in the even­ing of the same day the men willgive a dinner with Professor Vin­cent as the guest of honor. Theexact time and place of the meetingwill be announced later.The alumni in Rockford, Illinois,are making plans to organize a localclub. The graduates and formerstudents of the University in Rock­ford and vicinity are requested tosend their names and addresses toDr. Dudley W. Day, '04, S.M. '05,524 Ashton Building, Rockford.CHICAGO ALUMNI CLUB'On Tuesday evening, September29, the dinner and business meeting·of the Chicago Alumni Club washeld at the Union Hotel. After aninformal discussion of matters ofinterest to the University and thealumni, the following business wastransacted.The election of officers resulted asfollows: President, J ames WeberLinn, '97; vice-president, Hugo M.Friend, '06, 1'08; secretary-treasurer,George O. Fairweather, '07.The nomination for the alumnimembers of the Board of PhysicalCulture and Athletics were: Wil­liam Scott Bond, '98; Charles F.Roby, '99; Donald S. Trumbull, '97.It was decided to hold an adj ournedmeeting at the call of the Executive Committee about the end of Octo­ber. At this time an 'effort will-Demade to hold a grand rally, and theyounger city alumni, especially, willbe asked to co-operate in thismeeting. I t is planned to have someinteresting talks, and to take stepsto perfect the local organization.During the course of the even­ing, Alvin Kramer, '08, and HugoFriend, '08, made short talks on therelation of the local graduates tothe work of the student employ­ment bureau. It was urged that bythe co-operation of the Chicago menliving in the city, it would be pos­sible for the employment bureau tobe put into touch with positionsand jobs of various sorts, wherebydeserving students would be enabledto earn their tuition and other ex­pcnses.THE CHICAGO ALUMNAE CLUBThe Alumnae Club held the firstmeeting of the year on Saturday,October 3. Luncheon was served atthe Carrieabbie shop. The annualelection of officers was held, and re­sulted as follows: President, SaraJanson, '00; vice-president, AliceBorgmeier, '03; secretary-treasurer,Louise Roth, '00; members of theexecutive committee, Portia Carnes,'08, Helen Sunny, '08, and Kate B.Miller, '02. The report of the secre­tary-treasurer showed a member­ship of seventy-two and a modestbalance in the treasury.For Class News, see advertising pages.(Letter No.1)To The Faculty, cAlumni, Students,Former Students, and Friendsof Tbe University of ChicagoIn accordance with a custom established by the former Chicago AlumniMagazine, this page will be devoted entirely to the personal use of the BusinessManager; the object being to enable him to come into contact with, and formthe better acquaintance of, those whose servant he is, and to keep them in touchwith the progress and policy of this Magazine from the business standpoint.'The University of Chicago Magazine is not a private venture. It ispublished for those to whom it is a source of pleasure and interest, namely, theFaculty, Alumni, Students, Former Students, and Friends of the University.I am under contract with The University of Chicago Alumni Associationand through it with The University of Chicago to act as Business Manager ofThe University of Chicago Magazine for one year. My duty mainly, ofcourse, is to see that this publication is a success financially, and the result inthis regard depends solely on the amount of advertising we are able to carry.I have made a systematic canvass of the entire advertising field, and, asyou will notice, have met with success. The ground on which I have acceptedthe position of Business Manager, and my basis for inducing business men to pur­chase space in this Magazine is' that I firmly believe the advertisers will receivefull value for their investment. By this I mean that the readers of this publica­tion, for whose sole interest it is issued, will show preference to and patronizethem wherever possible.We select our advertisers, and allow no one to appear in this publicationwith whom business dealings will not be entirely satisfactory. As for enoughadvertising to make this Magazine a success this year, there is no cause for worry,but it is these advertisers on whom we must depend for the future life of the pub- -lication, and if at the dose of this year they cannot truthfully say that they havereceived fair treatment at the hands of the readers" we can never again expecttheir support, and without their support we must surrender our Magazine.Thanking you for the courtesy you have shown us in the past year, I begto remainYours very respectfull y ,Business Manager.Look on page 3 following this letter.No Headacheor "TUDlDlyache"in Puddings made ofGrape-NutsSweet, wholesome, highly nutritiousand digestible(See recipe on Grape-Nuts pkg., also in booklet)Posturn Cereal Co., Ltd., Battle Creek, Mich., U. S. A.MIODre�s SuIts To RentTuxedo Suits T'cRentPrince Alhei·tSuits To:: RentOpera Hats To Rent: T. C. SCHAFFNER B CO+�_____.:.. TA/LORS-Room 27. 78 State StreetPhone Central 4875Irwin BrothersCompanyPR.OVISIONDEALERS449.,451 STATE STREETPhones Harrison 515 ... 516 ... 5175825 STATE STREETPhone Weptworth 517CHICAGOOrders by Phone at 58th St. StoreMIOMIO Made by herself and sisters inSyracuse, N. Y.A sweetmeat of food-valueNourishing to the bodyPleasing to the taste, andprepared with absolutecleanlinessMary Elizabeth'sChocolatesMIOWHOLESALE DEPOT42 River Street, ChicagoE. HOSKINS, Mgr.Phone, Central 1304When you want the Best ask fornARYELIZABETH'SCHOCOLATE,STELEPHONE HYDE PARK 1322, RESIDENCE 1986 HYDE PARKADiSONAVENUEACKINGCOMPANY6309 MADISON AVENUEH. T.· McGUIRE, Prop.CHICAGOSay "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-2- MIO\Mr. Advertiser:-Read this. It speaks for itself.- --- _-��� :u.-d}G_)IL� --MEM'S, BOYS � W�i}H..J!UJ!.1l cz:��gT��������S, �-HATS AND FURNISHINGS. �p7� w.@or�tale &�onroeSts. �sePt. 22nd, OS.The Un1vers1ty of Ch1cago Magaz1ne,Un1vers1ty of Ch1cago.Gentlemenl-Enclosed please find "copy" for' 1nsert1onstart1ng w1th your October !ssue.We des1re to state that your serv1ce and attent10n1n regard to our 1nterests has been h1ghly sat1sfactory.; andthat we have found our advert1sing 1n your med1um veryprof1table.ALUMNI NOTESNEWS FROM THE CLASSESNews items for these columns should be sent to the classsecretary reporters, whose names are given at the head of thenews from each class. Death notices and engagement andwedding announcements should be sent direct to the editors.The following alumni are acting as classsecretary-reporters for their respective years;other secretary-reporters are indicated in thefollowing news columns. They will gladlyreceive information from any of their class­mates for insertion in this department.1862. George VV. Thomas, 4039 Lake Avenue.1868. Henry A. Gardner, First NationalBank Building.1870. Charles R. Henderson, the University.1872. Hervey Wistar Booth, 505 MonadnockBlock.1874. George Sutherland. Grand Island, Neb.1878. Eli Benjamin Felsenthal. 100 Washing­ton Street.1880. Alfred E. Barr, 180 LaSalle Street.1881. Georpe Warren Hall, 162 WashingtonStreet.1885. David J. Lingle, the University.1894. Warren P. Behan, 153 LaSalle Street.1867WILLIAM W. EVERTSRoxbury, Mass.The following communication was receivedtoo late for announcement at the annual meet­ing in J nne, 1908.2231 CEDAR STREETBERKELEY) CALIFORNIAJune I, 1908DEAR CLASSMATES OF '67: It is a pleasure tocomply with Mr. Everts' kindly request to "senda line" for the reunion, June 6. I would verymuch prefer to be with you, but cannot, thistime.My life work has been mostly in the Congre­gational ministry. Twenty-four years ago wecame to California and for the past fifteen yearswe have lived in Berkeley, the seat of ourwestern U. of C. (University of California). For about ten years, when I was unable tocontinue in the ministry I engaged in realestate. This resulted in' a comfortable homeand income, in a very pleasant city of aboutforty thousand population, close by Oakland andSan Francisco.Our family of three sons and three daughtersare all grown and have their homes near by us.We have thirteen grandchildren which are ajoy to us.At present, we are at our summer horne,Simol Glen, Cal.-a very healthful, scenic,country place, where we lived three years soonafter coming to California. I was the pioneerpastor and helped build the church, and last yearhelped build a parsonage.I t is extremely pleasant here among our oldfriends and amid the lofty hills, covered withgreen and alive with birds and squirrels. I putin most of my time in gratuitous Christian andbenevolent work, and find it a d.elightful way ofspending the sunset days of life.My good wife and I have lived together, mosthappily, for over forty years, and are havingthe very best part of life just now. I hope youare all as happy in your church and home lifeas we are, and that you will have a delightfulreunion of the class. We shall be very pleasedto hear from it later as well as from each oneof you personally.Very fraternally yours,O. G. MAY) '671873Jacob Newman is a member of the lawfirm of Newman, Northrup, Levison &Becker, with offices located in Room 823,Chamber of Commerce Building, Chicago.1875DR. JOHN RIDLONChicago Savings Bank BuildingDr. Herbert A. Howe is clean and professorof astronomy and applied mathematics in theContinued on advertising page 6WM. GAERTNERAstronomical and Physical & co.ApparatusSPECIAL TIESStandard Apparatus of New and Improved Design Reading Microscopes and TelescopesAstronomical Telescopes HeliostatsSpectroscopes Dividing Engines, ComparatorsMicrometers General Laboratory ApparatusMichelson Interferometers and Echelon Spectroscopes Universal Laboratory Supports5347 and 5349 Lake AvenueChicago MIOSay "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisersWatch this space for valuable informationon Standard Floor DressingMIOMadison AvenueLA UNDR YFIN EHANDWORKMODERATEPRICESLea co e Wo r k wit h Jan ito rMIO'You will enjoy your business relations with these establishments-5- TELEPHONE, HYDE PARK 3705TheBEST Han dLaundryCLEANINGand DYEINGM. HIRSCH andG. BODENHEIMER, Proprietors109 East 53rd StreetMIOSAMUEL HARRIS & co.MACHINISTS' ANDMANUFACTURERS'TOOLSAND. SUPPLIESCHICAGO23 AND 25 S. CLINTON ST.MIO-CONCRETEReinforcedOr PlainRAILROADMASONRYBuildingsConduitsReservoirsHOEFFER B CO.614 Chember of Commerce Bldg.CHICAGOcA. c. WARREN� Mgr. ra. Main 4790MI0 Class News continued from page 4University of Denver and director ofChamberlin Observatory. He received thedegree 0'£ Sc.D. from the University of Cin­cinnati in r884. He is a fellow of theAmerican Association for the Advancementof Science; member of Die astronomischeGesellschaft; author of A Study of the S kYJand Elements of Descriptive Astronomy. Dr.Howe's astronomical investigations are: dis­covery of new double stars and new nebulae;investigation of the nucleus of the greatcomet of I882. His mathematical investiga­tions include: new methods of solving Kep­ler's problems; errors of the interpolatedlogarithms.1876.DR. JOHN E. RHODES100 State StreetAlbert J. Fisher is a member of the firmof Fisher & Miller, which is engaged in realestate, insurance and loans, and has its officesat 79I I South Halsted Street, and Suite 258,I59 LaSalle Street.Mr. Fisher is also alderman of the Thirty­second Ward. His home address is 3 I9 West72nd Street.Continued on advertising page 8Say "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-6-FRED. H. PAGE'M ILL I N E R Y620 STEWART BUILDINGCHI C AGOMIOI T ss uFROM $45.00 UPMy Suits are highly recommended by theUniversity gals. MIOSINGER i- BOLOTINPhone Central 781 LADIES' TAILORSBROO'KS CLOTHESTHE STUDENT MAY JUSTlY BE CALLED" GENTLEMEN'SCLOTHES"ATTRACTIVE AND SEDATE,CLEVER, BUT NOT OFFEN­SIVE, ORIGINAL AND YETIN GOOD FORM, NONEOTHER POSSESS THEIRDIGNITIES,OUR PRICES$15TO$35BROOKS CLOTHES SHOP138 E. MADISON ST. OPPOSITE LASALLEMIO 506 MASONIC TEMPLEMIOo. H. SACHEN & CO.TAILORS134 MONROE STREETWe invite an exami­nation of our many dis­tinctive patterns.Every conceivable newstyle, weave, and colorcan be found in ourvaried selection.You will enjoy your business relations with these establishments MIOPhones: Main 1835Auto. 6835GENERAL ENGRAVERSAND DIE SINKERSP. A. Salisbury=Schulz CO.I64-I66 RANDOLPH ST.CHICAGO, ILL.Rubber and Steel StampsStencils, Burning BrandsBadges, Sea Is, BucksPneumatic Rubber StampsMTOGoing Away to Study Music? Don'tDo Itl Why Not? Because theGreatest Living Teacherswill now give youMusic LessonsAT YOUR HOMEOWNBy TheUniversity Extension MethodPiano, Voice, Organ', Violin, Harmony, erc., etc. TheFaculty includes such well-known artists as Wm. H. Sherwood,Daniel Protheroe, George Crampton, Adolph Rcsenbecker,Samuel Siegel and many others,All College instruments, such as Mandolin, Guitar, Banjo,successfully taught by this method under the greatest teachersof these instruments. Beginners' and normal courses. Diplomasgranted. Teachers placed and concert positions secured forqualified eraduates.This method gives you the best, at a price youcan afford. Write for particulars, and booklet fullof useful musical information, biographies and por­traits of famous musicians, etc., free.SIEGEL-MYERS SCHOOL OF MUSIC1215 S,teinway Hilll, CHICAGO FridetteFrench Hat ShopsStewart CJ3uildingState St., Chicago MIOClass News continued from page 61879EDWARD H. ESHER84 La Salle StreetJ. Carr is editor of the GaryHis home address is 6432 MinervaHomerTribune.Avenue.Samuel J. Winegar resides at Oak Park,Ill. He is Cook County manager for theCentral Life Insurance Company of Illinoiswith offices located in Room 829, FirstNational Bank Building.1882FRANCIS HUMBOLDT CLARK511-514, 112 Clark StreetLucius Weinschenk is engaged in businessin New York City. His offices are locatedin the Temple Court Building. Mr. Wein­schenk resides in Riverside Drive, corner136th Street.MIO LVDIA A DEXTER2920 Calumet A venueDuring the summer, Lydia A. Dexter hasbeen in charge of several of the park read­ing-rooms, combining libraries and ChicagoPublic Library sub-stations, in Chicago, andis now at Bessemer Park, South Chicago.Benjamin F. James, until recently specialUnited States attorney before the SpanishTreaty Claims Commission, has resigned andContinued on advertising page IISay "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-8-The Secor Standard Visible Writing andBilling Machine embodies more new ideasthan have been. combined in one typewritersince the first invention of writing machines.It will give longer service with less costthan any other typewriter made. It is theonly machine that has permanent alignment.It has a back spacer, paragraph key, remov­able escapement, decimal tabulater, two­color ribbon, and will handle anything froma hall-inch label to a fifty. page magazine.SEGOR TYPEWRITER GO.. Harrison 4266134 Van Buren st, Chicago. III.Chicago's only Placeof the KindMrs. Stover's Hat Shop(NOT INC.)1433 Masonic TempleBring your old hatand any trimmingmaterial you havein your horne. Wewill make you anew hat from it andguarantee satisfac­both as totion,style and pnce.You will enjoy your business relations with these establishmentsMIOMIO 1Jjabirs' Wailnriugat POPULAR PRICESqThe Unity system of producing High ClassLadies' Tailored Garments to measure at popularprices. is thoroughly appreciated by all womenwho admire perfect fit. style and workmanship.q This season presents some new effects in Ladies'Tailored Garments. that require the most skilfulstyle treatment as well as the most careful tailoring.WE CAN PLEASE YOUTAILORED SUITS t $35 OOandupcut to your measure \ ---TAILORED SKIRTS t $6.00 and upcut to your measure \ ---UNITY SKIRT CO.209 STATE ST. 5th Floor. Republic Bldg.MIDMAKAROFFRUSSIANCIGARETS DISCRIMINA TION.If your smoke' taste hasbecome perverted by theindiscriminate use of ordinarycigarets-smoke MakaroffRussian Cigarets and regainyour love for pure, high-gradetobacco, perfectly blended.G. NELSON DOUGLASBest & Russell Co.Distributors MIa15(JENTS2�For A SublimePipe-SmokeUse the aristocrat of alltobaccos-the one that has afragrancy and a virgin flavorwhich has done more to glorifythe pipe than all other mixturescombined. For particular andappreciative smokers,T obin' s Mixtureis especially made, and forsmokers not particular, it willmake them particular.If your dealer don't keepit we will send, prepaid,2 oz. for 40c.; 4 oz: for75c.; 8 oz., $1.50; 1 lb.,$3.00.14 different strengths.National Cigar Store, Inc.First National Bank BuildingDearborn Street SideWe Sell Tobacco-Not Premiums �/f�WITHOUT A BITE OR A REGRETMixed by hand, one pound at a time. Absolutely pure,natural flavor. If your dealer will not supply you wewill send it direct, prepaid:373' oz., 75c.; }';. lb., $l.65; lib., $3.30.Write for our interesting and invaluable booklet... How to Smoke a Pipe." It's FREE.E. Hoffman Company, Mfrs. ChicagoMIOMIO VICTOR 11tORSCH co.�0@.�5"��FOR SALE EVERYWHERE MIOSay "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-10-Cottage Grove Mfg. Co ..]danufacturers ofSASH, DOORSBLINDS ANDMOULDINGSLumber, Lathand Shingles91-101 Thirty-Eighth StreetChicago, Ill. Tel. Douglas 799Class News continued from page 8returned to the practice of law in BowlingGreen, Ohio. He is a member of the firmof James & Kelly, First National Bank Build­mg.1886LINCOLN M. COYUnity BuildingThe class of 1886 held its twenty-secondseparate annual reunion on June 9, 1898, atthe home of Mr. and. Mrs. Frank J. Walsh,2485 North 41st Court Ravenswood, Ill.Mr. and Mrs. Walsh entertained the classwith a dinner and all the members of theclass with their wives, except three, werepresent. These three were all out of the city.The class elected as its annual officers,Frank J. Walsh, president, and Thomas R.Weddell, secretary, and were invited to holdtheir .next reunion. at the residence of Mr.and Mrs. Thomas R. Weddell, Hinsdale, Ill.Henry J. Furber, j-, is an attorney forthe Board of Fire Insurance Underwriters ofthis city.George F. Holloway is one of the attor­neys for the Chicago & Northwestern Rail­road Company.Guy Brockway is writing briefs and aid­ing attorneys in their work at Spokane, Wash.Continued on advertising page 12 MID BostonWire StitchersandStaple BindersThe most efficient andeconomical machinesfor Book, Magazineand Pamphlet BindingU sed by Printers everywhereSold by leading Type Foundersand Machinery DealersBare and Insulated Wire,Cables and Accessoriesin all styles of INSULATIONand FINISH for All ServicesCables Installed and Guaranteed forUnderground and Aerial UseFor prices and information addressStandard UndergroundCable Co.Pittsburgh New YorkCHICAGO, ROOKERY B�DG., 3D FLOORPhiladelphia Boston San FranciscoSt. Louis AtlantaFACTORIES:Pittsburgh, Pa. Perth Amboy, N. J.. Oakland, Cal.You will enjoy your business relations with these establishments-11- MIOMIOHigh ClassFURSc. HENNING86-88 State StreetCHICAGO, ILL.TELEPHONECentral 3525MAYER MILLERManufacturer of FINE FURSMentor Bldg.Room 30Third FloorPhone:Randolph 1768FURRIER16I-163 State Street, CHICAGO, ILL.MIO'FURSMANUFACTURER of Ladies' FancyFurs. Garments refitted to the lateststyle. I guarantee all my work. You save;i on fine mink sets. I also have on handall kinds of Ladies' Fur Hats. I make any ....thing in Ladies' Furs to order :: : : . . . .L. P�OBSTEINRoom 54 88 ... 90 E. Washington St.MIOM10 G. W. Wright__M_I_O, ••_,��:.----------1IIiiiISuite 309-310 Venetian Bldg.34 VVASHINGTON STREETCHICAGOTELEPHONE RANDOLPH 1061MIODo You EnjoyThe Comfort of Home?Do you appreciate real homecooking? Then pay me avisi t at 6 II 6 Lexington Ave.Private table board at attrac­tive prices.Class News continued from page 11Augustus G. Anderson, is employed as oneof the attorneys for the drainage board.W. L. Burnap is professor of modernhistory at Lake Forest University.1893JESSE DISMUKES BURKSTeachers' Training School, Albany, N. Y.Jesse D. Burks and his wife, Frances Wil­liston Burks. '96, attended the vacation assem­bly of Filipino teachers, at Baguio, P. 1.,during April and May, 1908. Dr. Burks gavelectures upon psychology.1895JENNIE K. BOOMER6025 Monroe AvenueJane Frances Noble is the wife of H. C.Garrett, and may be addressed at 285 Pleas­ant Street, St. Paul, Minn. Mrs. Garrettformerly resided at Eveleth, Minn.1896MRS. AGNES COOK GALE534-1- Greenwood AvenueJOSEPH E. RA\CROFTThe UniversityHoward S. Galt, instructor in TungchowCollege, near Peking, China, is now at hishome in Shenandoah, Ia.. 011 a year's fur­lough.Continued on advertising page 14Say "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-12-ROBERT ST AEDTERISS STATE STREETBETWEEN MADISON AND MONROEPhone -:- -:- -:- Central 5334 co.Furs, Suits, Coats, Skirts, Milliner".I N OUR FUR DEPARTMENT will be found a complete and variedstock of Fur Coats, Neckwear and Muffs at reasonable prices. Specialvalues in Russian Pony Coats, Mink Sets, and Black Lynx.Fur Remodeling and Repairing at moderate pricesIn our SUIT Section we are showing the bestvalues ranging in price from $25.00 up.Our MILLINERY of the latest mode ranges in price from $5.00,$7.50, $10.00 up to $75.00M,oDRESS and TuxedoSuits, Prince Albertand Cutaway Coats.Silk and Opera HatsBought, Sold, RentedHighest Prices Paid forNearly New ClothesCOL. A. J. GATTERDAMTAILOR146 La Salle StreetTEL. MAIN 1231 CHICAGO, II.L.10110 New Life for 6LANKfTS'vV E thoroU2hly clean. revive and renew them andreturn them to you as soft and fleecy as whennew. Q We also make a specialty of Oriental Rul's.Carpeb. 5teamer Rugs, Bath Robes and DownComforters. <l References-any customer who haspatronizedTHE WOOLRYPIIoM Well 1795 393 OODEN AVE •• CHICAOOM,oYou will enjoy your business relations with these establishments�ortlan() �barmac�6001 'UUlasbtngton aee.On the 25th of August. 1908; the PortlandPharmacy was sold to Isam 1':'\. Light and C. E.Battles. two Chicago Registered Pharmacists ofexperience; Mr. Light having been connectedwith Chicago drug stores for the past twenty'five years and Mr. Battles having had twenty'two years or practical ex�erience in Illinoisand Chicago drug stores.In the future the Portland Pharmacy will bein personal charge of either Mr. Light or Mr.Battles. with a force of dependable assistants.By careful and prompt attention to your drugwants we hope to merit a continuance of yourvalued patronage. Special attention to pre'scription and phone orders.Three phones: Hyde Park 96,557,558.Isam M. LightC. E. BattlesPrescription ExpertsPhone Hyde Park 265L. V. AEHLE�batlllacifltFine StationeryLeading MagazinesCor. 57th St. and Cottage Grove Ave.Opposite Washington Park CHICAGOMORRIS LESS'Bo o t andShoe fMaker403 East Fifty-Seventh StreetMlO MIOMIO Do You Hear Well?The 8tol� Eleetrophone- A New, Electrlesl, 8elentiOc BudPractical Invention for those who are Deaf 01' PartiallyDeaf- MAY NOW BE TESTED IN YOUR OWN HOME.peal or partially deaf people may now make a month's trial ofthe Stolz Electrophone at home. This personal practical testeervee to prove that the device satisfies. with ease, everyrequirement of a perfect hearing device. Write for particularsat-once, before the offer is withdrawn, for by thi8personal testplan the flnal selectdon of the one completely satisfactory hear­ing aid is made easy and 'inexpensive for everyone.This new invention, the Stela.Electro­phone (U. S. Patent No. 163.51S> rendersfr�����ti�r�:r���lld:���u�:'�r�tlllr���horns, tubes, ear drums, fans. etc. It is a�i:J �����.i��:l���tei:�:���i�������nijtes the sound waves in such �l1anner as tocause an astonishing increase In the clear­ness of all Bounds. I t overcomes the buzz­ing and roaring ear noise; and, also. so con,stantly and electrically exercises the vital partsof the ear that, usually. the natural uualded'"healing itself is' gradually restored. tWhat Three BU81nes8 Men Say. "T!le Electrop_b"oe III very I4tlllfactorl. Belllg IItullln 1111.0aDd grtat In htarlogqualltiel maku It prererableto an, 1 have tried Mild, I believe, 1 beve tried alloftbem .. ltf. W. HOYT, WbolesaleQrocez, Micb·1pn ATe. and River 6t., Chicago.I got 10 deaf I could not hear with my speakingtube .. nd was f.,d,·iled to tr, tbo Eleetropbono.After flfteeD 1MrI (If deafnen. dillcotnfort eed'Worry I n"W hear perfectl, at obul'Ub toDd at con-certl. W. R. UTLEY ,!)aIel M"., 8. A. Muw.11 &: Co., Ch1eaco.I haTe D.OW aM jo1U EllCttropbono onr. yea:r, .. tid kn'ow that It I. a IInt,ela",.olentlfiO hearln, eevrce. Without It,people have to .bout directl,ln m,_r to makeme ".ar. With n,l ean h-.r dl.t1nctl, "hen epoken to in anordldaZy tone. Belt orall.IT "A" 1IT()�i'ED NY REAn frtOrR .... wbloh 'Were .. terrible aunvaUon. LEWIS W. MA Y,Cubler, 100 WUblncton 1St. .Chlcaco.Write to, or call (call tfyou can) at our Chicago offices for particulars?(our personal test offer and list of other promtneut endorsers who WIllanswer inquiries. Physicians cordially invited to Investigate aurista'qpiulons, .Stolz Electrophone CO., 1299 Stewart Bldg., CblcagoBranch Offices: Philadelphia, Cincinnati. Seattle. Indianapolis. DesMoines. Toronto. Foreign Office: 8�.8S Fleet St., London, Enz,Class News continued from page 12Earll W. Peabody is now. employed in thestatistician's office of the Sante Fe RailroadCompany. Chicago.1897EFFIE A. GAHDNER491 \,y est Adams StreetSpencer C. Dickerson is practicingcine in this city with offices at 3101Street, Suites 5 and 6.Ida M. MacLean hasBelden Avenue. Chicago,Avenue. medi­Statemovedto 447 from 224WinthropJoseph Norwood is president of the UnionSavings Bank of Columbia, S. C. Mr. Nor"wood was formerly in business at Spartan­burg, S. C.Maudie L. Stone. M.S. '03, spent the sum­mer at Northfield. Mass. Miss Stone isinstructor in physical trammg at ManualTraining High School, Brooklyn, N. Y .• andresides in that city at 525 Fifth Street.Donald S. Trumbull has been admitted tothe law firm of Judah, Willard, Wolf &Reichmann. which has moved its offices to theCorn Exchang-e Bank Building, 206 LaSalleStreet.Continued on advertising page 17Say "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-14-College ChapsWITH a hankering for dash and originality in dress are instantly wonas permanent CUSTOMERS by the clothes we areoffering them at $20 to $40. They are clothes of TO­DAY, in style as alive as an electrically charged wire, andsuperbly tailored. fl When you're down town, come in. A "comfy'; chairand a cordial grip-o' -the hand awaits you with absolutely no obligation to buy.ED WAR 0 ESC lOT H E S S HOP 20 E. Monroe St.YOU DANCED oIF you care to learn, come to my studioand let me give you lessons; eitheralone or in groups of four or moreMiss Mary Wood Hinmanl"RICES: Ten Dollars for six privateII" lessons. Five Dollars for six lessonsin groups of four or moreTELEPHONE HYDE PARK 2768 STUDIO 179 E. 53D STREETUNIVERSAL REPAIRCOMPANY5509 COTTAGE GROVE AND 5623 JEFFERSON AVE.All mechanical and Furniture Repairs.Nickel Plating. -:- Mirrors resilvered.Skates and Bicycles our specialty.WE REPAIR, RENT� AND SELL 'l'HEM Sign Painting and Fancy Lettering.Painting and Decorating.House and Room Cleaning and Packing.We make a Specialty of exterminating insects.FRANK DE GEER, PROP.Call upon us. Drop us a card.MIOTHE J. H: WILLIAMS CO.) INC.LACE CURTAINS Direct from the Mill One-third Less than Store PricesI I 3 I MASONIC TEMPLENothing: New' in Personally Recommending a Teacher for a Position IHow else would you do? We have been working this way for some twenty years. Write us todayand find out more about our methods of finding the "right teacher for the right place."THE B. F. CLARK TEACHERS' AGENCY, 1016 Steinway Hall, Chicago.N. B.-If yot. can take a position not», write us immediately. MIOYou will enjoy your business relations with these establishments-15- MIO?•MIOMIOA GREAT CONVENIENCE!!!We deliver to your doorTHROUGH BAGGAGE CHECKSto any city in AMERICACANADA or MEXICOTHE FRANK E. SCOTTTRANSFER CO.TELEPHONE 482 HARRISONBaggage transferred to or fromall parts of the cityMain Office, 402-410 Wabash Ave., ChicagoMIOTHIS new book, by Sylvester J. Simon, the well-known PhysicalCulturist, gives the key to the attainment of physical perfection,as the title indicates. It shows how to obtain and maintain themaximum of physical and mental health, strength and vigor. How torid one's self of bodily ailments by rational and scientific methods. Howto acquire "personal magnetism," and poise. It teaches women how tobecome more beautiful in face and figure, more graceful in carriage andrepose. It aids men successward by showing them how to developnerve force and brain power.IIPhysioal Perfeotion"Natural Treatment 0'Bodil9 AilmentsIt is not a book of mere generalities. It tells just how to relieve different conditions of ill-health, without the aidof drugs, apparatus, or mechanical means of any kind. There are exhaustive chapters on the cure and avoidance bynatural methods of Obesity, Leanness, Dyspepsia. Constipation. Skin diseases, Rheumatism and other Blood troubles,disorders of Liver, Kidneys and Bladder, Nervous ailments, affections of Head, Throat and Lungs, etc.There are special chapters on the care of the body through all stages of life from infancy to old age-including oneon longevity. A valuable feature is a special index giving a ready key to exercises that develop or reduce variousmuscles, or that affect different organs or parts of the body.By Founder 0' Great Health InstituteThis book is thoroughly practical all the way through. It is the work of a man who has probably treated morepatients by drugless methods than any other person in the world. Professor Simon's nature-cure institute, occupyingan 8-soory building at 14 Quincy Street, Chicago, is the largest and most successful of it's kind. Thousands, includingmany physicians, have sought PHYSICAL PBRFBCTION at this famous health home, and have found it. It was inpursuance of persistent requests of enthusiastic graduates that Professor Simon put his methods of instruction intoprint. No one who secures a copy of "Physical Perfection" would part with it for many times its cost.Silk Cloth Edition, 208 pae-es, illustrated with 46 special plates drawn fromphoto�raphed models, printed on fine paper, $3.00 prepaid. Lar�e illustrateddescriptive pamphlet, with table of contents, free' upon application. Send at once.SylvesterJ.Simon" 14-A QuincyStreet"Ohicago"lll.Say "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-16-A Pen in a Class by ItselfThere's no pen that gives such all-round satis­faction as Conklin's Self-Filling Fountain Pen. It'sin a distinct class by itself. It's the Colle�e Standard.Doesn't matter where you are-in your room, lecturehall, or on the train-you can fill it instantly bydipping in any ink-well. A slight thumb pressureon the Crescent-Filler does the work. Cleaned. inthe same way by dipping in water.Conklin's �"�I! Fountain Pen"THE PEN WITH THE CRESCENT-FILLER"has won distinction the world over. For student, professor,business man, professional man, and for the man whomoves about, it is the only pen. No mussy dropper, noth­ing to screw or unscrew, no tool' kit, no inky fingers­just comfort. Ink flows as smoothly as a price essay.No stops, blots, balks or scratches.Leading dealers handle the Conklin. If yours does not, orderdirect. Look for the 'Crescent-Filler and refuse substitutes. Prices$3.00, $4.00, $5.00 to $15.00. Send for handsome new catalog.THE CONKLIN PEN CO., 310 Manhattan BIde., Toledo, Ohio.Class News continued from page 14Theodosia Kane VanDoozer is now Mrs.Merle F. Eshbough, and resides at 3IO Ash­land Boulevard.William English Wallins- is author ofRussia' s Message. The book is published byDoubleday, Page & Co., N ew York, and isdescribed as exhibiting the true world importof the revolution. The book is avowedlywritten from the revolutionary standpoint.Mr. Walling has spent considerable timeviewing the Russian situation at close range,and his investigations have caused much com­ment throughout this country and abroad.18g8MRS. CHARLOTTE CAPEN ECKHARTKenilworth, Ill.JOHN FRANKLIN HAGEY252 E. Sixty- third PlaceMrs. William Baker (Catherine Dix Pad­dock) has moved from Chicago to Wilmette,where she may be addressed at 802 LakeAvenue.Harry I. Coy resides at 3740 Grand Boule­vard.W. F. Eldridge, formerly of Billings,Wyo., is now living in Chicago, at 6934Stewart Avenue.R. E. Graves, formerly of 1907 DemingPlace, is now engaged in the practice ofmedicine at 126, Oak Street.Continued on advertising page 18 Carbonate MagnesiaPipe CoveringsTHE dividend-earning capacity of a steamplant is greatly increased through theuse of Carey's Coverings on steam pipes,boilers and connections.Carey's Coverings will keep the heat in the,pipes-none is lost through radiation and con­densation. They greatly reduce the amountof coal necessary to run the plant, becauseexcessive firing is obviated.Carey's Coverings are not harmed by theexpansion or contraction of pipes or byvibration. They last longer than other cov­erings. They will increase the capacity of theplant by delivering dry steam to the engines.Endorsed and used by the United StatesNavy, War and State Departments. Recom­mended and specified by architects and en­gineers. Recommended by technical institu­tions.Write lor catalogue a1t.d further partic1t�ars.THE PHILIP CAREY COMPANYGeneral Offices: Sta. If, mN(jINNATI, 0., U. S. A.BRANCHESIn all large cities through­out the United StatesCanada and Mexico FAGTORIESlockland, OhioHamilton. OntoPlymouth Meeting. Pa.You will enjoy your business relations with these establishments\-17- MIOCollege Cafe447 Fifty-Fifth St.NEAR LEXINGTON AVE.ONLY PURE FOOD STUFFS USEDSERVICE UP-TO-DATERegular Breakfast6.30 to 10.00 a. m. 25cLuncheon11.30 a. m. to 2.00 p. m. 20c up'Dinner5.30 to 7.30 p. m. 250Sunday Dinner12.00 to 2.30 p. m. 350LUNCHEON 5.00 to 7.00 P. M.SEP.. VICE A LA CARTE ALL DAYHOLMES'Delicatessen and Home BakeryPhone Hyde Park 3789The Home of Goodies ProperlyCooked, also Real EnglishPork Pies and Everything forEvening Spreads -:- -;- -;-404 East Sixty-Third Street@ar�it!' (!Cafe55th AND GREENWOOD AVENUEThe Students'Lunch RoomMEALS 20 CENTS AND UPMloMIaMIa Class News continued from page 17Mrs. F. C. Hack (Clara A. Tilton) hasrecently moved from 3548 Rhodes Avenue,and now resides at 4455 Berkeley Avenue.Ward B. Pershing, formerly a resident ofthe Oakes Home in Denver, may now beaddressed at Lyons, Colo.1899JOSEPHINE T. ALLIN4805 Madison AvenuePERCY B. ECKHARTFirst National Bank BuildingElizabeth Avery is a teacher of English inWendell Phillips High School and resides at5458 Greenwood Avenue.William Burgess Cornell is assistant phy­sician in the Sheppard and Enoch-Pratt Hos­pital. Dr. Cornell is also professor ofneurology in the Women's Medical College,Baltimore.Julius H. P. Gauss is practicing medicinein the Mt. Vernon Building, Chicago. Heresides at 2295 Evanston A venue.Franklin H. Geselbracht, formerly pastorof the Church of the Covenant, has taken upa new field of labor at Albany, Ore. Mr.Geselbracht is undertaking a large share ofthe work in the summer school under the careof Albany College.Continued on advertising page 21MIaPHONE HYDE PA'l?K 1629cACKERMANfMARKET- HOUSECOMPANY277-79 EAST 57TH STREETCHICAGOMIaSay "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO· MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-18-The Mrs. Knox Lunch ClubAn exclusive lunch club for women only. A membership fee of 25 centsmonthly entitles members to the use of a circulating library of the latest andbest fiction and other benefits, making the club unique among the many lunch. clubs of the city. Ladies not holding membership tickets are admitted bythe payment of a 5-cent guest fee. An up-to-date kitchen in connectionfurnishes everything n�eded on the tables. Pastry goods are on sale, andpurchases of a dollar or more are delivered. The place is worth visiting.45 Randolph Street, half block east of State Street and exactly oppositeMarshall Field's.Special exhibit and sale of pastry goods every Saturday.MIOThe ROMAItalian Table D'HoteSOc 15c $1 00OPEN DAILY AND SUNDAYS FROMti A. M. TO 9 P. M.SPAGHETTIsuch as one gets in Italy146 ST ATE STREETSECOND FLOO�MIO Vogelsang'sRestaurantshows its appreciationof your patronage bythe elegant service itoffers you in return-Banquet Room for Fraternity DinnersVOGELSANG'S RESTAURANT178 Madison streetYou will enjoy your business relations with these establishments--19- MIOrr�:�:: ,I' " WOOLF'SCJ..OTHIHG HOUSESTATE AND MONR.OE STS.U College Styles nfor Young MenTHE smart dressers among the youngerset have always found that our 'cele­brated "Young Men's Department" showsgreater variety and more exclusive stylefeatures than any other department of its.kind. The new Fall models are now on dis­play, in Suits, Overcoats and Raincoats,made up in fabrics of the finest weave$15 to $35COJJzplete 5_howinJ[ of High-grade Furnishings,Hats and ShoesMIOa aCOLLEGE CLOTHES OF CLASS AND DISTINCTIONFALL and WINTERCLOTHESCONSERVATIVE AND VOGUE PATTERNS OF STANDARDAND NOVELTY DESIGNS, WITH EXCLUSIVE IDEAS ANDTHE BEST OF TAILORING HAVE MADE MY REPUTATION­MY CONSISTENT WORK MAINTAINS IT.THE NEWEST OF FALL FABRICS NOW ON HAND.HARRY H. PARKESTAILOR421-2-3 ADAMS EXPRESS BUILDING185 DEARBORN 'STREETCHICAGOPHONE �ANDOLPH 1001MIOSay "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZIN;E" to the advertisers-20-MAKERS OF CORRECT .GARMENTS FOR MENWe have a line of handsome New Woolens and beautifulmaterials at our command and are prepared to plan yourwardrobe for faILThe colorings and patterns are those approved by intelligent,careful makers and the wearer has the comfortable assuranceof all that is fashionable in the world of dress.SPANN185 Dearborn Street CHICAGOMIOClass News continued from page 18Mrs. J. H. Harwood (Annie Reed) hasbeen spending the summer months at Marble­head Neck, Mass. She will return to Brook­line, Mass., in October, where she may beaddressed at 216 Gardner Road.Milton M. Markus lives at 173 Lake ViewAvenue. He is manager for the firm ofJackson and Semmelmeyer, photographicfinishers, 145 Wabash Avenue.Jonathan E. Webb, A.M., '00, after a seriousattack of grippe in the early part of June,has been spending the summer at Kentfield,Cal., with his wife and two children. Mr.Webb is now at his home in Golconda,Nev., where he may be addressed in careof the Golconda Cattle Co.Ella Weichard Wright has changed her ad­dress from Middlebury, Corm., to MineralSprings, Schoharie Co., N. Y.1900MARGARET MARIA CHOATEBartholamew-Clifton School, Cincinnati, O.CHARL ES S. EATON107 Dearborn StreetLydia Brauns is an instructor of Latin andGerman and resides at 331 South AdamsStreet, Green Bay, Wis.Harry A. Gottlieb may be addressed in careof W. E Gottlieb, I75 East 31st Street.Continued on advertising page 22 TELEPHONE RANDOLPH 942MILIAN ENGH163 STATE STREET, SUITE 52CHICAGO, ILLINOISYou will enjoy your business relations with these establishments-21- MIOBusiness Opportunities for University. of Chicago StudentsClass News continued from page 21WesternIndemnity LifeCo.MASONIC TEMPLECHICAGOGEO. M. MOULTON PRESIDENTA FEW SPECIAL POSITIONSopen to men attending the U ni­versity. Address W. B. MUSSEL­MAN, Supt. of Agencies.MIOHang your trousers on the rack at nightc:;;;:;:;;;==� '"<;.-:===- and them down nicely pressed in themorning. Anypair can be removed with­outdisturbingtheothers.Pays for itself in threemonths in the saving oftailor's pressmg bills.OPEN Can be placed on closetdoor 0: any out-of-the-way place. Simple inoperation and easy to put up.Handsomelyfinish­ed in mahogan� and bright�netal. $1· 50tb:��l;�:���i�i::,c���;;nts. -We want men who can make big money intowns w h ere we are not represented.KEEP SHAPE SALES CO.42 to 44 State Street, CIIlVAGO Dr. Sara A. Janson resides at 42 East Madi­son Street.Elsie Prince Miller is a medical inspectoron the New York Board of Health.Adolphe C. Norden is an insurance brokerwith offices located at 158 LaSalle Street.Mr. Norden's home address is 4807 Forrest­ville Avenue.Alfred O. Shaklee has changed his addressfrom I402 South Grand Avenue, St. Louis, tothe Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research,66th St. and Avenue A, New York City,where he holds a fellowship in the depart­ment of physiology and pharmacology for thecoming year.Ruth Vanderlip is the wife of E. �W.Harden, and resides at 5312 Cornell Avenue.Ig0IARTHUR EUGENE BESTOR5711 Kimbark AvenueW. H. Andrews may be addressed at BlueRapids, Kan.Herman E. Bulkley is assistant manager ofthe manufacturing department of McNeil andHiggins Company, wholesale grocers, 3-15State Street. Mr. Bulkley resides at 948Flournoy Street.Helen Grant teaches in the Electa Schoolof Chicago.Thomas A. Hillyer is president of the StateNormal School, Mayville, N. D.Florence L. Lyon has moved to 387 IndianaAvenue, Kankakee, Ill.Donald S. Me WilIams may be addressed at396r Lake Avenue. He is a lawyer with thefirm of Holt, Wheeler & Sidley, with officesat 13I LaSalle Street.Ig02L. -HAZEL BUCK EWINGBloomington, Ill.FRED. D. BRAMHALLThe UniversityLily Belland has moved from 74I9 HarvardAvenue to I I939 Yale Avenue.Hazel Buck Ewing resides in Blooming­ton, Illinois, where she may be addressed at1214 East Jefferson Street.Herbert E. Fleming, Ph.D., '05, is an edi­torial writer on the staff of the ChicagoDaily News.F. H. Gilchrist has changed his residencefrom Chicago to N ew York; his present busi­ness address is in care of the New YorkTelephone Company, 350 West I7th Street,New York City.Elbridge Lyonel Heath is now residing atSanta Barbara, Cal.Mrs. J. F. Hosic (Nellie A. Lovering)formerly residing at 601 I Woodlawn Avenue,has recently moved to Findlay, Ohio, whereshe may be addressed at 328 N orth WestStreet.Continued on advertising page 27Say "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-22-Business Opportunities for University of Chicago StudentsThe NewCOLLEGE MENATTENTION! VISIBLE HAMMONDWi II Interest YO UThis machine writes 26 languagesin IOO styles and sizes of typeRUSSIAN, GREEK, GERMAN, FRENCH, SPANISH,IT ALI AN, and TWENTY other languages ALL may be used on aSINGLE I-IAMMONDWe have anopening for aStudentRepresentativea t theUniversityWe have anopening for aStudentRepresentativea t theUniversityREASONS why the HAMMOND IS so universally used byprofessional men:INTERCHANGEABILITY OF TYPEPERMANENT ALIGNMENTTWO COLORED RIBBONAbility to use ANY WIDTH OF PAPERPORTABILITY andOUR SPECIAL PROPOSITION TO COLLEGE MEN!Have you seen our new MATHEMATICAL HAMMOND?Our CATALOGUE and COLLEGE PROPOSITION on REQUEST!CHICAGO BRANCH: 1005 SECURITY BUILDING, FIFTH AVENUE AND MADISON STREETMYOYou will enjoy your business relations with these establishments-23-New ·The.·Hotel BrevoortChicagoSPECIAL ATTENTION TOAFTER-THEATRE PARTIESThe Twentieth Century Hotel- Absolutely fireproofVISIT THE '1(AINBOW ROOMRestaurant Grill Room BuffetUnsurpassed in Appointments and DecorationsMargulie's Orchestra. ARTHUR M. GRANT, Manager.When in Detroit, stop atH ote 1 T ull er :lr�P:;:r AbsolutelyCorner Adams Avenue and Park StreetIn the Center of the Theatre, Shopping and Business DistrictA la Carte CafeNewest and Finest Grill Room in the CityClub Breakfast - 40C upLuncheon - SocTable d'Hote Dinners 7ScMusic from 6 p.m. to I. p.rn,Ever;,.. ROODl has Private BathEUROPEAN PLANRate. $1.50 per Da7' and upL. W. TULLER M. A. SHAWPtvJprleto, ManagerSay "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGA�INE" to the advertisers-24- MIOMIOGrand PacificHotel Clark Street and'J ackson Boulevard, ChicagoTable UnexcelledPrices ModerateWe 1Ilake a specialty ofClub and Fraternity 'DinnersMIOHotel VictoriaMICHIGAN AVE. AND VAN BUREN ST.==CHICA·GO==EUROPEAN PLAN, ROOMS 1.00 UP�ol1ege men meet in ourBlue and Brown RoomsSpecial Rates For FraternityBen qa et s and MembersO. A. McCLINTOCK, PRES.T. C. CAPEN, MGR'. McCLINTOCK & BAYFIELD--THE--New Hotel WellingtonWABASH AVE.' AND JACKSON BLVD.C'HICAGOEuropean Plan, Rooms $1.00 UpSee The New Indian CafeCollege men will enjoy ournew Grill ami Dutch Rooms.J), �Special rates for Collegeana Fraternity GatheringsMIO MIO�------------------�You will enjoy your business relations with these establishments. -25---- The =======================Starck PianoIs considered by all leading artists the BESTUPRIGHT PIANO IN AMERICA, espe­cially noted for its NATURAL �INGINGTONE, GRAND REPEATING ACTIONand GENERAL ENDURANCE.THE ONLY PIANO MADE BEARINGA MANUFACTURER'S GUARANTEE OF25 YEARSTHIS COUPON is valued at $10.00 andaccepted-as part of first payment on anew Starck Piano if presented at time ofsale at our warerooms, 204-206 'WabashAvenue.P. A. STARCK PIANO CO.MIOCut this out$IO.OODUE BI�LWE WILL SEND YOU A "STARCK"PIANO FREE on TO DAYS TRIAL. anywhere in' the United States, and, if not entirely satis­factory, we ,agree to take it back at our expense. Cata­logue mailed free upon application ..Send us your order to-deyP. A. STARCK PIANO CO.204-206 Wabash Ave. Chicago, U. ·S. A.Say ,"UNIV�RSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-26-IF I had a grip and a littlewheelbarrowI' d fill them full of this fineMalt Marrow.r d travel the street, say toeach one I meet,r ve the life givmg tonicthat no one can beat.Malt Marrow is the finest tonic onthe market. Use it when you areexhausted' by over study and work.:!Irl\uuu :!Ialt ihtrart irpt.Telephone Calumet 1064 2340=2348 South Park AvenueClass News continued from page 22 M101903EARLE B. BABCOCK'1 he U niversi tyE. D. Baker, of Superior, Wisconsin, hasmoved from "The Broadway" to 1613 zothStreet.Emil Gideon Bentall is residing at 17 East45th Street, New York City.Mrs. Ray H. Brownlee (Martha W.Tarnow), formerly at 5422 Kimbark Avenue,has moved to 206 LaPorte Avenue, Whiting,Ind.Mrs. A. E. Chadwick" (Mary Chamberlain)may now be addressed at 2626 North Ash­land Avenue.Margaret Da�idson is a reader in Englishin the University, and lives at 46n UnionAvenue.Annis Higgins has recently moved to 6030Jackson Park Avenue.Thomas Jackson Larkin is now living atTalladega, Ala.A. D. Radley received his law degree fromHarvard University. last June, and is nowengaged in the practice of law in Peoria, Ill.Continued on advertising pag� 29 THE ADAMS BILLIARD PARLORWE DELIVER ORDERS FORCIGARS AND CIGARETTESSpecial Rates to Students478-480 East Sixty-third StreetTELEPHONE H. P. 278Tonsorial Parlors in connection conducted bythe TWO CHARLIESYou will enjoy your business relations with these establishments-27- M10ijJ qr ijJ nnr nf any funrtinn uartrabimtly mUq the quality nf tnnttattnna aubprngrammes tn uae. Itr furntaf tqr hrst iniaurr 'rngrammrs3Jubitntinu!l nub(l!nlkgr� 1J1ratrrnUy� l1a11anb 'rrsnnal �tatinnrrymuuUtrll Uu� 1Jinr�171 lIabanq l\u�.� ar4ita!ln� 1I11iun1nBooks of Marxian SocialismH The Socialism that inspires hopes and fears today is of the school of Marx. Nooneis seriously apprehensive of any other so-called Socialistic movement, and no one is seriouslyconcerned to criticise or refute the doctrines set forth by any other school of � Socialists. ' "-PROF. THORSTEIN VEBLEN, in the Quarterly Journal of Economics.STANDARD SOCIALIST SERIES.FIFTY CENTS EACH.Karl Marx. Biographical Memoirs by Wilhelm Lieb­knecht.Collectivism and Industrial Evolution. By EmileVandervelde. Translated by Charles H. Kerr.The Or'Iz tn of the Family, Private Property andthe State. By Frederick Engels.The Social Revolution. By Karl Kautsky.Socialism, Utopian and Scientific. By Frederic En-gels. ' •Peuerbachr The Roots of the Socialist Philosophy.By Frederick Engels.American Pauperism and the Abolition of Poverty.By Isador Ladoff.Manifesto of the Communist Party. By Karl Marxand Frederick Engels. Also included in the samevolume. No Compromise; No Political Trading.By Wilhelm Liebknecht, 'Socialism, Positive and Negative. By Robert RivesLaMonte.Capital: A Critique of Political Economy. By KarlMarx. Volume 1. The Process of Capitalist Produc­tion. Cloth, 869 pages, $2.00. Volume II. The pro­cess of Circulation of Capital. Cloth, 618 pages, $2.00.Either volume sold separately.The Ancient Lowly: A History of the AncientWorking People. By C. Osborne Ward. Cloth ..two large volumes, $4.00. Either volume .sold sepa­rately at $2.00.Ancient Society. By Lewis H. Morgan, LL.D. Cloth,586 pages, $1.50'American Communities and Co=operative Colonies.By Alfred Hinds. Second revision, cloth, 600 pages,$1.5°.Marxian Economics. By Ernest Untermann, $1.00..The Rise of the American Proletarian. By AustinLewis. $1.00.The Theoretical System of Karl Marx. By Louis B.Boudin. $1.00.Landmarks of Scientific Socialism (Anti ... Duehring) ,By Frederick Engels. Translated by Austin Lewis.$1.00. Anarchism and Socialism. By George Plechanoff.These books can be purchased at the bookstore of The University of Chicago Press, orwill bemailedpr_omptlyonreceiptofpride.Ca�alogue free. AddressCharles H. Kerr ®, CODlpan7, Publishers, 264 Kinzie Street_ ChicagoSay "U�IVERSITY OF CHICAGO M�GAZINE" to the adverti�ers-28- MIOMIOSTAPLE andFANCY GROCERIESChoice Cuts of MeatsFish, Poultry, Oystersand Game in Seasono. T. WALL & COMPANY407-409 East 63rd StreetBranch Store, 6515-17 Washington Avenue. Telephone Hyde Park 2372.Telephones Hyde Park 2 and 22O. T. WALL E. G. LANGFORDClass News continued from page 27 MIOHester Ridlon has been appointed instructorof household economics at Simmons College,Boston. 'Alice Virginia Robbins, Ph.M., may beaddressed at 507 South Second Street, Man­kato, Minn.Belle Pearsons Wheeler is living in Seattle,Wash., and may be addressed at 1603 HarvardAvenue in that city. ·Edward Marsh Williams is now at theUniversity of Oklahoma, Norman, Okla.1904MARIE EVELYN THOMPSONSurf Street and Evanston AvenueTHEODORE B. HINCKLEYThe UniversityGeorge A. Barker, S.M., 'os, formerly atJoliet, Ill., should be addressed at N or­mal, Ill.Gresham George Fox is now rabbi of theMontefiore Congregation at Bloomington,Illinois. Rabbi Fox also has charges in theadjacent towns of Lincoln and Decatur.Georgia E. Hopper resides at 523 East 43rd'S��� .W. M. Keely is living at 208 West Wash­ington Street, Washington, la.Continued on advertising page 34 Are You Particular. As to what you Eat?If SO we are cateringto just such as youQUALITY ALWAYSANDPRICfS CONSISTfNTMAY WE DEMONSTRATETHIS TO YOU?H. f. EGGERS55th Street and Madison AvenueGroceries and MeatsYou will enjoy your business relations with these establishments-29- MIO"The Hose withthe RealGuarantee" SOX YOUcan't kick outor'Kick about"You will have no complaint to make about EverwearSox. no matter how hard you are on sox, or how quicklyyou "kick out" a pair of the ordinary kind.Six pair of Everwear Sox often last a year---and more-s­but they MUST and WILL last you six months. If a holedoes appear in any pair we will give you a new pair free.We know 'that it will not be necessary for you to return asingle pair; that they will not only give you better wearthan any sock you ever put on your feet, but the most satisfactory wear --­more comfort and a better fit.EVERWEAR SOX are made of the finest Egyptian cotton. They will-not shrink,stretch or fade. Being knit entirely without a seam, there are no rough placesto chafe the feet Men's Sox are made in light and medium weight. Colors, black,black with whit'; feet, blue, steel gray, and light and dark tan. Ladies hosein black black with white feet,and tan, In boxes of SIX palr.--$2.00, one size In.a box assorted colors if desired.Men's silk lisle hose, Summer and Fall weightscolors; black, blue, light and dark gray, tanand champagne; Ladies. silk lisle hose inblack and tan, $3 per box of six pair,coveredby the same positive guarantee. Ask yourdealer for them today. Remember the name--EVERWEAR. If he doesn't handle them sendus his name, with the price, stating the color andsize desired and we will ship them postage paid.Send for 'our interesting free booklet "AnEVERWEAR Yarn".Everwear Hosiery Co" Dept.2SMilwaukee, Wis.A new pair for each pair thatdoes not wear six months.AMERICA'S BEST AND GREATESTSCHOOLIndorsed by Press and PublicStage Dancing, Etc.Dramatic Art,Vocal Culture rwo IINTIKB 1'000118(Up-to-date in every detaiL)Buck, Jig. Skirt. etc .• Opera, etc., Elocution,Singing and Rag-T'ime Songs. VaudevilleAct s , Sketches, Monologues, Etc. NOFAILURES.PROFESSOR P. J. RIDGE,Miss Frances Day and others.Circulars Free.Keferences: All first-class managers in America. N. Y. Clipper, N. Y.Dramatic Mirror, Cincinnati Billboard. The onl,. ScLoolln America thatpositively agrees to teach and place inexperienced people. youngor old, on the stage. 127 La Salle St., near Madison St., Chicago, Ill,PETER J. RIDGE, Mgr,Western Dramatic AgencyPROFESSOR PETER J. RIDGEAmerica's greatest teacherSay "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisersWaltz, Two-Step, etc., Guaranteed to AllFASHIONABLE BALLROOM DANCING, ETC., TAUGHTProficiency in the art of dancing is the most pleasant and desirable accomplishment ofmodern society. tj NOTE. Graceful leading correctly taught to all. Glide Waltz andCorrect Reverse and Two�Step guaranteed to all. -:. -:- Polka, Yorke. Schottische,Varsouvienna, Spanish Waltz, etc. -:- -.- -:- -:- -:- Circulars free.Waltz Two-Step Reverse, e�.�., guaranteed to all. (Ages from 5 to 70'), , Lessons given from 10.00 a. m. to 10.00 p. m,TWO ENTIRE FLOORS, 127 LASALLE STREETNEAR MADISON STREET, CHICAGO, ILLINOISlMIOA Rare BargainlGARLAND SURGICAL OPERATING TABLEJ1Iustration represents hut one of the many radical positionswhich can be multiplied by various combinations of theseveral adjustments. It is clearly ahead of all others except inhigh price Cumbining in a surgical and gynecological table andadju-table top with adjustable leaves and arm rest, a cabinet ofdrawers opemng to either side, a cupboard with glass shelves,swinging glass shelves with gla-s travs, all finished inside withwhite enamel, and outside in highest piano polish finish.Dimensions. Length,s feet 6 inches; width, 22 inches;height, 34 inches. Weight packed for shipment about 200 lbs.PRICES. Best Golden Oak Polished Finish, quarteredoak, full cabinet, four drawers, three glass trays, nickel-platedtrimmings, leather top cushions and pillow, leg and arm rests.List Price. . . .. . $80.00 Our Price $50.00.Our 7S0-page Illustreted Surgical Instrument Catalog sent 'JW..EEper EXPRESS PREPcAFD upon receipt of your request.Established 1844 SHA'R_P {3 SMICJ"H Incorporated 1904Manufacturers of High Grade Surgical and Veterinary Instruments and Hospital Supplies92 Wabash Ave. 2 Doors North of Washington St. Chicago, 111We are the LARGEST manufacturers of SURGICAL ELASTIC GOODS in the United States.Northwestern UniversityDental School.This School offers exceptional advantages to young men and women of education forthe study of dentistry. While great attention is paid to the teaching of technic and theory,practical instruction to develop operative skill and dexterity, and quick diagnostic judg­ment is not overlooked. The graduates of this school are admitted to examination forpractice in every state.The Faculty is Composed of a Large Staffof Experienced TeachersThe equipment and apparatus of the School are especially designed for the successfulteaching of modern dentistry. Its large clmic rooms for operative and prosthetic dentistryare unequaled anywhere. The opportunities offered students for special preparation to enterindependent practice are not exceeded by any other school.Advance students are permitted to remain in school under clinical instruction duringthe months intervening between the regular annual courses, the great clinics being opencontinuously the year around.The school year covers thirty-two weeks of six days III each of actual teaching. Thenext annual session begins October 6, 1908.For further information addressSECRETARY OF THE DENTAL SCHOOLDepartment FNorthwestern University Building87 Lake Street, ChicagoYou will enjoy your business relations with these establishments-31- MIOMIODllnoisTntst&SaYintisBanKCAPITAL AND SURPLUS$J3,200,000.00La Salle Street and Jackson Boulevard. Chicago1 his Bank Loa.ns [�clusively on Collateral e .is conservative in its methods and has the lare-­est capital and surplus of any savings bank inthe United States.INTEKfST-Aliowed on Gurrent AerountsGertlflcates of Deposit. Savings DepositsBond, Foreign Exchange andTrustDepartmentsCORRESPONDENCE INVITHDILLINOIS TRUST SAFETY DEPOSIT CO.SAfE DEPOSIT VAULTSMIO Marsh & McLennanINS U R' A N C Ein all its Branches159 La Salle Street, Chicago54 William Street, N ew York123 Bishopsgate Street, LondonMIOWe solicit accounts from Students,.Faculty, Fraternities, and all otherorganizations of The University ofChicago.Courteous treatment accorded to all.11lIInnbluUtu wrulit & �ubiu9li1Buuk451 E. 63rd Street (near Woodlawn Ave.)MIOSay "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-32-LAIRD & LEE'SWebster's New Standard'DICTIONARIESHigh School and Collegiate Edition. ForHig h Schools Colleges and Untver-sttfea. Dictionariesof Botany Rhymes, Mythology, Btogi-aphv , Geography,Biblical, Historical and Classical Names. Musical. Legaland. Medical Ter-ms and Symbols, Foreign Phrases,Abbreviations, Eng ltsh Word-Building, Rules in Or­thogt-aphy, Metric System, Proofreadf ng. 900 Illu str-a­t.iona. 24 full-page plates, 0 in colors. �40 pages,Bxg inches. Patent thumb index. Half leather, goldstamped, eprfnkled edges, $1.50Students' Common School Edition. ForGrammar Grades. Withuut Dictdonmies ot Rhymea,Botany, Medical, Legal and Mythological ter-ms. 756pages. H40 tuus.. 19 full-page plates. Colored mups ,Eastern and Western Hemispheres. in thts edit.lou only.5x7inches. Black attk cloth, title in gold, 75c.Black cloth, ma.rbted edges, gold title, indexed, Slic •Intermediate School Edition. ao,ooo words,6,000 synonyms. Proper nouns indicated by capitalinitials. Degrees of adjectives, Irregu la.r forms ofverbs, plural of nouns. Hundreds of new words. Keydiacritical marks foot of each page. Special depart.ment of Signs used in writing and typog­graphy. Vocabulary words in bold black type. 600text utue., two pages ftag� of nations in colors. 460 pp.4�xti}l( ins. Black silk cloth, title in gold, 50c.Elementary School Edition. Vocabularywords in bold black type. Profusely illustrated. Dta­critical marking uniform with other school editions.384 pages. 450 tttustratrons , 20.000 wor-ds and den­ninons. Black silk cloth, gold stamping, 25c.HANDY EDITIONSWebster's Modern Dictionary. A dictionarythat answers ever-y possible demand. 416 pages,IUus. Stiff cloth, 20c. Half keratol, indexed, GOe.The Standard Webster Pocket Dictionary.Contains important new words not found in other lex­icons. Vocabulary of Synonyms, Dictionary of Rhymes,Principal Characters in Literature, Rules for Spelling,Punctuation, Abbreviations, Proofreading,­tary Law, Latin Phrases and Metric System. 16 fu ll­page colored maps. 5%x2Jf1 ins. 224 pp. Full flexibleleather, gold stamping, gilt edges, indexed, 50c.For sale by aU bookstores, schoolbook supply dealers,or sent postpaid on receipt ot price) by the publishers,LAIRD & LEE, 263-265 Wabash Ave. CHICAGOL. MANASSEOPTICIAN88 Madison StreetEsta���ted ..Eye Glasses and Spectacies scientificallyfitted and adjustedEYES EXAMINED FREE OF CHARGEYou wiIl enjoy your business relations with these establishments-33-TribuneBuildingMIOc(J)[TJo MANY BOOKS IN ONEWEBSTER9S'INTERNATIONALDICTIONARYwi&O l:t!'i !��:o��d lh� lNi���\T��Nq��s��::ef!La.nguage, The Tra.Zs, Arts and Sciences, Geography,Biography, Etc.? Nc.te Plan ot Contents as follows:Colored Plates, Flags, State Seals, Etc,Brief History the En�lish LanguageGuide to Pronunciatlon .".".",Scholarly Vocabulary of EnglishDictionary of Fiction, , , , . , .Gazetteer of the World., .Bi0j!'raphical Dictionary, ,.SCripture Proper Names.Greek and Latin "English Christian "Foreign Words",Abbrevia=t=io:n:s�'�'�11:ttrl'rt�zo:co»oo"0Ctor-o(no:coor(J) 2,380 Poge.,D,OOO Illustr&ttonl.2�,OOO Added Words.Should You Not Own Such a Book?WEBSTER'S COLLEGIATE DICTIONARY.Largest of our abrldcments. ITT6 Pag-es. :1400 Lllusts ,Write for IfDict1�na�y WrinkleB," and Specimen�1�e:�C!"i�;;' us��rt��� �} rc�I�;:�IU:;!��:i�:�:t:/:.��G. & C. MERRIAM CO" Springfield, Mass.PROTECT YOURSELFThink of theConvenienceMID and satisfaction of writing,day after day, for years,with your favorite pen nib;and carrying with you,wherever you go, yourtrusted Waterman's Ideal,to use wherever you hap­pen to be,It facilitates the routineof business life as well asthe exacting claims of pri­vate correspondence, anddaily proves of inestimablevalue.Whatever price you pay,UWaterman's Ideal"stamped on the bolder of afountain pen guaranteesperfect satisfaction.Por sale Y the best dealers_ .. everywhere ..... _ . ....."...a.��_113��'ltBOSTON CHICAGO SAN fRANCISCO MONTREAL LONDONS. D. CHILDS t- CO.200 CLARK STREETCHICAGOCopper Plate Engraversand PrintersWedding Invitations, AnnouncementsVisiting and Pro f essional CardsFine Correspondence StationeryCrests, Monograms, Address DiesStamping and IlluminatingAlways a FullLine of theLatest Society StationeryCOI'I'ESPONDENCE SOLICITEDA. 6. SPALDING & HROS.The Largest Manufacturers in the Worldof Official Athletic Suppliesfoot HallBasket BallIce SkatesHockeyGolf Uniformsfor allAthleticSportsOfficialImplementsfor allTrack andfield Sports GymnasiumApparatusSl)alding's handsomely illustrated cataloeue of aUseorts tontains numerous suggestionsMailed free anywhere'A. G. Spalding(&l,Bros.New York Chicago Denver San FranciscoBoston Philadelphia Kansas City Minneapolis, Buffalo Pittsburg Cincinnati New OrleansSyracuse Baltimore Detroit Cleveland,Washington St. Louis Montreal, Can. London, Eng.MIOMIO Class News continued from page 29Blanche G. Loveridge is foreign secretaryof the Woman's Baptist Foreign MissionarySociety, and may be addressed at Waukegan,Ill.John Fulton MacLear, A.M., has recentlymoved to 6133 Woodlawn Avenue. Mr.MacLear is instructor in history at J ohnMarshall High School.Harry E. Mock is a physician with officesat 251 Ashland Blvd. Dr. Mock is connectedwith the staff of physicians at the MonroeStreet Hospital.Edith Simpkin may be addressed at 4Herne Hill Mansions, Herne Hill, London,s. E.Tilton R. Wakeley was killed by the nativesin the Philippine Islands during the month ofJune, 1908. IWilliam ]. Waterman is now a member ofthe firm of Waterman & Clark, managers ofthe Irvington. Land Company, 909 AssociationBldg., 153 LaSalle Street. The IrvingtonLand Company is engaged in promoting agri­cultural lands in the vicinity of Mobile,Ala.I905HELEN A. FREEMAN5760 Woodlawn AvenueCLYDE A. BLAIRCl arrnont, Wyo.Vernon C. Beebe, of the American SchoolAssociation Agency. Masonic Ternple.. hasbeen elected to membership in the Society ofthe Sons of the Revolution.E. C. Lavers, formerly living at 126 PorterStreet, Easton, Pa., should now be addressedat Box 147 in the same city.Ralph P. Mulvane has recently becomenight editor of the American Reuedle, Bell­ingham, Wash.Clara L. Primm is a stenographer with thelaw firm of Bailey and Voorhees, Sioux Falls,S. D. Miss Primm was formerly astenographer in the Indian School of Morris,Minn.James H. Riley may be addressed at theChicago Beach Hotel.1906HELEN RONEYFullerton Place, Waterloo, IowaF. R. BAIRDOmaha, Neb.Alice Bonner Briggs should be addressedin care of Dr. C. W. K. Briggs, 586 JacksonBoulevard, Chicago, instead of Milbank, S. D.W. Stanmore Cawthon, formerly of Gaines­ville, Fla., is now residing at Pensacola, Fla.Robert E. Doherty is a ·chemist and residesat 5440 Princeton Avenue.James E. McKown lives at 528 North 60thStreet, Seattle, Wash.Continued on advertising page 36Say "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisersJ. B. Hawes J. M. DoddTelephone Harrison 2413Hawes & DoddTiles, CeralllicMosaics and FireplaceFurnishings•Sole Agents: IMaw & Co'sEnglish Tiles and I'MosaicsLustres, Faience, Ietc., and Dennis'Welsh Quarries.Brass and IronFireplace Goods. Office andShow Rooms24Adams StreetChicago*THE AULT & WIBORG CO.MANUFACTURERS OFLITHOGRAPHIC SUPPLIESBRONZE POWDERS, ETC.383 DEARBORN ST. :: CHICAGOMIOMIO C.P.HULBERT J. T. DORSEY'Hulbert & DorseyPLUMBING andDRAINAGECONTRACTORS211 RANDOLPH STREETCHICAGOTelephone Main 1972J. W. MORRISSON, - Pres.W. H. ATWATER, - Sec'y.w.e. SHURTLEFF, Vice-Pres.Morrisson, Plummer& Co.WHOLESALEDRUGGISTSCHICAGOYou will enjoy your business relations with these establish�ents-35- MIOMIOESTABLISHED 1877L. H. Prentice Co.steam andHot WaterHeatingandVentilatingApparatusEngineers andContractorsfor.Hot BlastHeating andMechanicalVentilation. �L. __ .. _.,Power Plants and Power Piping24-26 SHERMAN STREETNear Board of TradeCHICAGOProbably the largest firm of this kind in the world,viz.: exclusively Heating Apparatus, Steamand Hot Water that Heats.Heat RegulationTHE JOHNSON PNEUMATIC SYSTEMTHE RECOGNIZED STANDARDINSTALLED IN THE UNIVERSITY, OF CHICAGO BUILDINGSCOMPLETE SYSTEMS FOR ALL METHODS OF HEATINGHot Water Tank RegulatorsReducing Valves for air, water, steamControl of HumidityJOHNSON- SERVICE COMPANYH. W. ELLIS, Mgr.Chicago Office, 93 LAKE STREETMIOMIO Class News continued from page 34Sue E. Welch is now living at 1054 WilcoxAvenue.Elizabeth Adams Young has changed heraddress from Chicago to Winona Lake,Ind.1907EDITH B. TERRY6044 Jefferson AvenueW. E. WRATHERThe UniversityAdolph G. Pierrot has accepted a positionas instructor in English and coach in debat­ing at the University of Colorado, Boulder,Colo. Mr. Pierrot will have charge of threedebates which Colorado has with the Univer­sities of Utah, Kansas, and Missouri. Thehead of his department is George CoffinTaylor, who received his Doctor's degreefrom the University in 1905 .Lucille Rochlitz is a teacher in the highschool of Munising, Mich.Edna V. Schmidt is a teacher of chemistryand physics in the West Chicago HighSchool, West Chicago., Ill. Miss Schmidtmay be addressed at 6253 J efferson Avenue.Clark C. Steinbeck lives at 6644 KimbarkAvenue.Harold H. Swift is with Swift & Co., UnionStock Yards, Chicago. He Iives at 4848Ellis Avenue.Continued on advertising page 38nion Hotel and RestaurantWill find Restaurants on two floorsWill find a special After-Theatre MenuWill find Splendid ServiceServing Only the Best theMarket AffordsFINEST ORCHESTRA IN THECITYHOLD YOUR FRATER­NITY AND ALUMNIDINNERS HEREIII-II7 Randolph StreetSay "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-36- MIOMETA SCHMIDT TELEPHONE, CENTRAL 5588Scientific Facial Massage, Electrolysis, Shampooing, Scalp Treatment, ManicuringSUITE ;36, STEWART BLDG. 92 STATE STREETDOROTHY KROEGER llBeautp �bopEnglish Vapor Facial; Hair Dressing, Scalp Treatments, Manicuring, ShampooingforMen and Women,Electrolysis, Body Massage. Graduate Nurse in Attendance. • Treatment at Home by AppointmentTELEPHONE, CENTRAL 222 I OR CENTRAL 101 I 636 STEWART BLDG., STATE & WASHINGTON STS., CHICAGO'MIO... Bowman Dairy Company >q:n1k bottled ]j:) the COUJdtryMilk· Cream · Butter · ButtermilkDo our wagons serve you?Why not h�e the best 14221-4229 Sf'ate Stree�Telephones at all d.ivision offices."Evansio» a?, Chicago or.. Oak Pa�k MIOBuy of the Dealerand Get Our ChairsTRY "TUBS"10 CENTSMOST CAREFULLY PREPAREDANDMOST THOROUGH CLEANER KNOWN CI{CI{ We make the Bentback, Post, and BoltedConstruction DiningChairs; also all kindsof seating Chairs for Co],leges, Schools, Libraries,and the lrkeCLEANS - SCOURS - PURIFIESEVERYTHINGM. H. FAIRCHILD &, BRO.CH'CAGO, ILL.Ford ®. Johnson· Co.MANUFACTURERS OFSOAPS, POWDERS, POLISHES, DISINFECTANTS, ETC. IMIO MIO IYon will enj oy your business relations with these establishments-37- MIOThe System Co., 151-'1f);) Wabash Ave., Chicago.1 am just like any other live-minded man. I keep myeyes and ears and brain open for new ways to makemoney. So then, if your sixteen-page booklet offersme such an opportunity, send it along. 17-2Name .Address " "�""'" .Business .Position .Say "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisersMICHAEL READYPresidentGEORGE CALLAGHAN P. E. CALLAGHANSec'y and Treas. Yard ManagerPOCAHONTAS SMOKELESS COALOUR SPECIALTYReady & CallaghanCoal Co.Wholesale and Retail Dealers in all kinds ofSteam and Domestic CoalMAIN OFFICE:. 813'Chamber of Commerce BuildingTelephone Main 4200Branch Office andYard NO.1N. W. Corner 47th andHalsted Sts,OnC.]. Ry.Tel. Yards 167 and 168 Yard No.2S. E. Corner 75th andHalsted Sts,On Belt Ry.Telephone Went. 828CHIC,AGOMIO--Business Book FreeOne hundred and twelve of the world's master busi­ness men have written ten books-,P93 pages-L497vital business secrets. In them is the best of all thatth('y have been able to squeeze from their own costlyexperience about-Credits -Advertising -Systematizing-Ranking -Wholesaling -Time-Keeping-Retailing =-Real Estate -Manufacturing-Soliciting -Management -Correspondence-Insurance -Organization -Cost-Keeping-Pur-chasing -Man-Trainmg -Position-Getting-Collections -Salesmanship =Business Gen--Accounting -Man-Handling Fighting and hundreds and hundredsof other vital business subjects.A 9,059-word booklet has been published describing,explaining, picturing the work. Pages 2 and 3 tellabout manag-ing businesses grr-at. and small; pages 4and 5 deal with credits. collections, and with rock-bot­tom purchasing; pages 6 and 7 with handling andtraining men; pages 7 to 12 with salesmanship, withadvertising, with the marketing of goods through sa les­men, dealers, and by mail; pages 12 to 15 wit h thegreat problem of securing the highest market price foryour services-no matter what your line; and the lastpage tells how you may get a complete set-bound inhandsome half morocco, contents in colors-for lessthan your daily smoke or shave, almost as little asyour daily newspaper.Will you read the book if we eend it free?Send no money. S'imp�y eitm. the coupon. Class News continued from page 36Charles H. Taylor resides at River Falls,Wis.Charles J. Webb, '07, is a member of thelaw firm of Baldwin & Webb, with offices atKettle Falls, Wash.1908ELEANOR C. DAY6IIO Kirnbark AvenueFlorence Compton is now teaching schoolin Br igham City, Utah.P-aul V. Harper is studying at Jerusalem inthe American School for Oriental Study andResearch under the direction of Professor R.F. Harper. Six other Chicago men will bein the Jerusalem school during the course ofthe year.Bertha May Henderson may be addressedat Stewart Ridge, Ill.William F. Hewitt has changed his addressto 6423 Kimbark Avenue.Charles B. Jordan is in Chicago with Lord, & Thomas, advertising agency.Lois Kauffman has spent the summer ather home in Blue Island, Ill., recuperatingfrom the effects of an operation for appen­dicitis.J. M. J oblin, Jr., may be addressed at 104High Holborn, London, W. c., England.Continued on advertising page 41DON'T FORGETEISENSTEINTHE TAILORHE IS HERE YETHe has been here formany years and hehas treated you rightBe sure when you bring your work toEISENSTEIN THE TAILOR.-­Watch that you are go in g toEisenstein--Watch for the number449·ASl East 61st Street3 DOORS EAST OF WOODLA WN AVE.Pro m p t attention givento Phone and Mai I OrdersTELEPHONE 1688 HYDE PARKMIOPRINCESS THEATREA·StubbornCinderellaLA SALLE THEATREMatinees-Tues., Thurs., and Sat.Cecil Lean,Florence HolbrookINA Girl at the HelmILLINOIS THEATREA WaltzDreamA Musical ComedyMAJESTIC THEATERMonroe Street, near StateThe Aristocrat ofVaudeville HousesPRICES . • . 15, 25, 50, 75c Whitney Opera HouseVan Buren, just off Michigan Ave.A Broken Idol,WITHOTIS HARLANPopular PricesAUDITORIUM�Cohan & HarrisPRESENTfifty Miles from BostonEverything Big but the PricesEvening • • • 25C. 50c, 75CMatinee • • • • • 25C, 50CGARRICK THEATREPRESENTSTH( WORLD AND HIS Wlf(By CHARLES FREDERIC NIRDLINOERComing-MAZIMOV ASTUDEBAKER. fRIT II SCHEffin the New Blossom-HerbertComic. OperaTut PRIMA DONNA(Made in America)You will enjoy your business relations with these establishmentst-3".�Q. t-z:j:t:1trJrnt:tj:�1<t. t;J.I .00t<.oe: �.�t-3.t;J'!z.t-3.....o� Wqt milUum 1!tut�ty 1#uqttrarmoriul' 1Jjihrury 1J1uu�.ALUMNI SUBSC'RIPTION -CLASS OF _11lIIqtrtus. the friends of President William Rainey Harper, wishing to cherish the memoryof his useful work and his exalted character, propose to erect, as a memorial to him, a librarybuilding in the quadrangles of The University of Chicago;l\ub 1Uqrrtaa. it is intended and desired that this memorial building should be the gift notof a few only, but of the large number by whom President Harper's name is honored in manylands;Now, wqrrtfnrt, in consideration of the premises' and of each and every subscriptionto said object, the undersigned agrees to pay to THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO the sum of---'-------------c-------------------------- dollarsin three quarterly payments, ,beginning December I, 1908.Dated I908 A ddress __ -----------------'---MIO'TEAR OUT HERE) .,CONJ-URING TRICKS.or ALL KINDS IN GREAT VARIETY CAN 'BE OBTAINED AT THEMAGIC STORE, 148 LASALLE ST.WE HAVE IN STOCK UPWARDS OF 1000 DIFFERENT CONJURING TRICKS FOR. YOU TOSELECT FROM, AND WILL TEACH YOU THE BEST METHOD OF 'PERFORMING ANY TRICK PURCHASEDSPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS IN SLEIGHT-OF .. HAND GIVEN BY PROFESSIONAL MAGICIANREMEMBER, CONJURING IS THE FASHIONABLE PASTIME OF THE HIGHEST CLASS-OF,I SOCIETYPUBLIC AND PRIVATE MAGICAL ENTERTAINMENTS FURNISHED FOR ALL OCCASIONSPHONE MAIN 892 MIOTELEPHONE HARRISON 4065The Type�riter ExchangeBRANCH AMERICAN ,WRITING MACHINE co., ,INC.Sell, Exchange and Rent New,' Rebuilt, and SecondhandTypewriting Machines·'ALL MAKESA.'J. COUSE, MANAGER 319 Dearborn S'treet, ChicagoMIOClass News continued from page 38Isabelle Kelley will be in Lexington, Illi­nois, .during the next year, teaching school.Grace Mills has moved f rom Chicago' toBaraboo, Wis.Max Rohde spent the summer and early fallstudying practical f arming in Illinois withthe Agricultural Guild.Elsie Schobinger is now' teaching in Cald-well College, Danville, Ky. ._Agnes Rodatz Snitjer resides at 650 Engle­wood Avenue.Julia K. Sommer has recently moved to443 zoth Street.Adelaide Spohn is a teacher' of mathematicsin the Woodstock High' School, Woodstock,I11.Morgia Jane Stough is now Mrs. WilburCondit Gross, and resides at 600, I IndianaAvenue.I909Clyde Bauer has accepted a position .asteacher of chemistry and physiography. anddirector of. athletics in the high school, ofCentralia, Ill.Clarence Russell received his' Bachelor'sdegree in August, and is at present coach atthe University of Colorado. He expects toreturn to Chicago for his Doctor's degree.Continued on advertising page 43 TYPEWRITERSAll Makes Sold and RentedSPECIAL RATESTO STUDENTSW. A. WHlTEHEADPhone, Main 58536 LA SALLE ST. (corner Lake St.)MIOWE RENT,- SELL AND R�:PAIR, ALL STANDARD MAKES OFTYPEWRITERS-LoWEST P�ICESPLUMMER & WILLIAMSRoom gor PostaI' Telegraph Bldg.-TELEPHONE HARRISON 5751 CHICAGOY ou will enjoy .your. business .rela tions " with i these. estahlishments-,-41- MIOA Map of Mexicois a lIlap of theMexican CentralRailwayIT EXTENDS from north to south over twelve degrees of latitude, and fromeast to west over nine degrees of longitude. Twenty of the thirty politicaldivisions of the Republic are reached by its rails. When you travel for businesstake the line that goes where the business is. There are only four cities cf over35,000 inhabitants in the Republic th at are not located on this great system.When you go sight-seeing, go where there are sights to see-cloud-piercingvolcanoes, tropical forests, mountain lakes, snow-capped peaks, ruins older thantradition, caves and canons. It unites the slopes of the Pacific with the watersof the Gulf of Mexico.Three Thousand Five Hundred Miles of Railway, and STANDARD in everyrespect.Special RoundTripTicKetbetW'eenChicago and Mexico City25-day limit $50.00Fo..- Further InforD1ation, Rates, Books, Papers, etc., addressor call on any of the folloW'ing Agents:T. R. RY AN, General Agent .. . . 328 Marquette Building, ChicagoW. C. CARSON, General Eastern Agent .. .. 25 Broad Street, New YorkF. L. MOE, Commercial Agent . . 320 Frisco Building, St. Louis, Mo.J. T. WHALEN, Southern Agent 820 Union Trust Building, Cincinnati .. OhioH. J. SNYDER. General Agent Flood Building, San Francisco, CaliforniaE. MUENZEMBERGER, General Agent .. San Antonio, TexasC. F. BERNA, General Agent .. Postal Building, El Paso, TexasA. V. TEMPLE. Lndustrial Agent.. Mexico City, MexicoJ. H. McFARLANE, Mgr., Mex. Am. S. S. Co. .. New Orleans, La.J. C. MeDONALDGeneral !»_sse�ger AgentMEXICO CITY, MEXICO. Say "UNIVERSITY 'OF· CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-42� MIOIf your dealer does not have genuine" Hole'proof" Hose, bearing the" Holeproof" T'rade"mark. order direct from us. Remit in any con­venient way and we will ship yon the hose andprepay transportation charges.This is the guarantee that comes in each box of sixpairs of "Holeproof" Hose: "If any or all of thesehose come to holes in six months from- the day youbuy them. we will replace them free."The great success of our men's and women's hosehas forced us to increase our line.We Now Make Children's StockingsThese have 6-ply reinforced knees as well as 6-plyheels and toes. So their cost is 5ilc a pair or $3 a boxof six pairs. But once yon try them you would pay$1 if we asked it. They save all the darning-theyoutwear many pairs ofthe best unguaranteed stock­ings. so the s avmg in dollars and cents at the endof the year makes them the cheapest by far. Noother hosiery equals "Holeproof" in quality.We Pay An Average of 73cPer Pound for Our YamWe buy the best Egyptian and SeaIsland cotton-the softest and finest weknow-regardless of what we must pay.Our yarn Is 3-ply. We could pay 35c .and get weak and coarse2-ply yarn as others do. But you wouldn't buy such hosierybecause it is uncomfortable. We are not trying to sell youwear only. Buy "Holeproof" for all of the qualities of the bestunguaranteed hosiery-buy it for 6 months' longer wear.This is a Fact to Note:Please learn that the only difference between the bes t unzuar­anteed hose and "Holeproof " is that "Holeproof" zoear longer.Examine them. Notice how soft and light they are. Compareany brand of hose with "Holeproof." Then let "Holeproof"show how they wear. Holeproof Hose for Men-6 pairs,$2. Medium,light and extra light weight. Black, light and darktan, navy blue, pearl gray, and black with whitefeet. Sizes. 9\10 to 12. Six pairs of a size and weightin a box. All one color or assorted, as desired.Holeproof Lustre·Hose for Men - Finishedlike silk. 6 pairs, $3. Extra light weight. Black,navy blue, light and dark tan and pearl gray.Sizes, 9\10 to 12.Holeproof Stockings - 6 pairs, $2. Mediumweight. Black, tan. and black with white feet.Sizes,8 to n.Holeproof Lustre·Stockings - Finished likesilk. 6pairs, $3. Extra lightweight. Tan and black.Sizes, 8 to n.Children's Stockings- Boys' sizes,S to 10, andMisses.' sizes,S to 9\10. Colors, black and tan.Six-ply reinforced knee, heel and toe. 6 pairs, $3.Ask for our free book, .. How to Make YourFeet Happy."HOLEPROOF HOSIERY CO.Class News continued from page 41 232 Fourth Street, Milwaukee, Wia.ENGAGEMENTS'00. Walter Schmahl to Francisca, daugh­ter of Mrs. W. ]. Brodrick, 1936 SouthFigueroa, Los Angeles, Cal.Mr. Schmahl is in charge of the LosAngeles branch of the N. W. Harris & Co.banking house.MARRIAGES'98. Joseph Edwin Freeman to GlendoraLaForge, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. HarryK. Thompson, on Tuesday, June 30, 1908, inNew York City.Mr. Freeman is president of the EasternAlumni Association and is practicing law withoffices at 60 Wall Street, New York City.'99. Charles B. Dirks to Alice A. Thomp­son at Madison, Wis., August I, 1908. Dr.and" Mrs. Dirks are at home at Longmont,Colo.Dr. Dirks has been practicing medicine atLaGrange, 111., and until recently wasassistant physician at Milwaukee Sanitarium,Wauwatosa, Wis.'00. Charles D. W. Halsey to Mary Adele,daughter of Mr. and" Mrs. Lauren H. Turner,on Wednesday, October 14, at the home ofthe bride's parents.Continued on advertising page 44 LONG DISTANCEPHONEMAIN 905AUTOMATIC 6952You will enjoy your business relations with these establishmentsTOAN IDE A L PLACETHE HARVARDA HOME-LIKE PLACE FOR REFINED PEOPLETelephone Hyde Park 1533. Twelve minutes to the Loop. Five minutes to Park, Lake, or University.Home Cooking. Social Advantages. Ogiet, Elite Neighborhood.TRUNKS, BAGSand SUIT CASESA' FULL LINE OF SMALLLEATHER GOODS.WE ALSO CARRY A FULLLINE OF SMALL CASESSUITABLE FORCARRYING BOOKSABEL (8l. BACH co.46 and 48 East Adams StreetRepublic Bldg.t A few doors East of State St.MIO L I V EMIOlL lass News continued from page 43Mr. Halsey is a member of the firm ofTurner" & Halsey, with offices at 7 and 9Thomas Street, New York City.'02. Theodore C. Frye to Else, daughter ofMr. and Mrs. Julius Anthon. 41st Avenue N.,and East Galer, Seattle, Wash., on Thurs­day, July 2, 1908, at the home of the bride'sparents.Dr. Frye is professor of botany at the Uni­versity of Washington. Dr. and Mrs. Fryespent the summer in Alaska in connectionwith the botanical field party sent out by theUniversity of Washington.'02. Robert L. Henry, J r., to Miss ElaineG. Read of Baton Rouge, La., on June 30,1908. Mr. and Mrs. Henry spent the summerin New' York, returning to Baton Rouge inthe early fall, where Mr. Henry is a professorof law in the State University.'02. Grace K. Rigby to Edward RussellCameron, June 17, 1908. Mr. and Mrs.Cameron reside in South Street, Vicksburg,Miss.:03. William Alfred Goodman to AdeleLouise, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. MartinNathaniel Moyer, Tuesday, September IS,1908, at the home of the bride's parents, 54!Jackson Boulevard.Mr. and Mrs. Goodman will be at homeafter November I at the above address.Continued on advertising page 47Say "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-44-The University Buildingsare built of H Old Hoosier" Stonefrom the celebrated H Hoosier"Quarry, of the Bedford QuarriesCo., the . largest and best quarry ofOolitic limestone in the world.A century hence they will still be. a monument to those under whosedirection they ha ve been erected.The Bedford Quarries CompanyChicago Office: 204 Dearborn StreetNew York Office: No.1 Madison AvenueCleveland Office: 818 Euclid AvenueQuarries. and Mills:. Oolitic, IndianaYou: wlll enjoy -your' business 'relations with -these establishments MIOPhone 3340 Hyde Park - Open All NightThe Best of Everything atReasonable PricesHILL'SRestaurant andLunch Room718 and 720East 63rd St.Bakery Lunch, Steaks, Chops, etc.Phone Dou.glas 1960Residenc.e 5 Douglas 7537 � Call these numbersPhones � Douglas 7351 ) after business hoursPLUMBING, HEATINGGAS FITTING and SEWERAGEM. AND�RSON & SON76 EAST 35th STREETCHICAGO, ILL.Give us a tr ial,' 'We guar­antee satisfactory serviceat rea son a b 1 e prices.Remodeling and repairingour specialty MIOMIO CALLAGHAN & CO.114 MONROE STREETUsually have For SaleLAW BOOKSRequired inTHE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGOTHEY INVITE YOUto inspect their stockSTUDENTS are allowed special discountsTHE LARGEST generalLAW :aOOK SELLERSand PUBLISHERSin AMERICACALLAGHAN & CO.Phone Hyde Park u60Gilbert Wilson& CompanyMake a Specialty ofRepairingGASSTOVES338-42 E. 55th StreetWe carry a complete line of.Hardware, Oils and Glass.Say "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-46_:_ MIOMIOClass News continued from page 44'03. Andrew F. McLeod, of Irving Park,was married on Tuesday, September 22, toViolet, daughter of Mrs. H. V. Love, 6607Randolph Street, Oak Park.'Mr. McLeod received his Doctor's degreein August, 1906, and has been an instructor inchemistry in the University of Wisconsin andthe University of Chicago.'03. Cordelia Danforth Patrick to HomerGoodhue in June, 1908., Mr. and Mrs. Good­hue are at home at 25 Woodland Park.Ex-' 04. Arthur Hill Badenoch to MarionLucille, daughter of Mrs. Mary A. Bean, thelatter part of August at the home of thebride's aunt, Mrs. William C. Peaslee, 973Third Avenue, Salt Lake City, Utah.Ex-'oS. Ernest E. Quantrell to Lulu,daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jay Morton, Satur­day evening, September 19, 1908, at 4426Greenwood Avenue. Mr. and Mrs. Quantrellwill be at home after November I at 73 East44th Street..Mr. Quantrell is in the bond department ofthe Chicago Savings Bank.'os. George Buchan Robinson to GertrudeElnora, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. AlbertJohn Howard, S733 W ashingon Avenue, June9, 1908, at the home of the bride's parents.Charles Foster Robey, '99, officiated as bestman.'07. George David Birkhoff to MargaretElizabeth, daughter of Mrs, Louise Grafius,Wednesday, September 2, 1908, at the LeavittStreet Congregational Church, Chicago.Mr. and Mrs. Birkhoff are at home in Madi­son, Wisconsin, where Mr. Birkhoff is an in­structor in the department Of mathematics.'08. Gertrude Greenbaum was married toA. Richard Frank, Septemer 24, 1908, at thehome of the bride's parents, 4507 MichiganAvenue.'09. Warren Dunham Foster to Willie,daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William RushCurtis, Monday, August 31, 1908, at Milford,Ill.Mr. and Mrs. Foster are at home at Ames,Iowa, where Mr. Foster is an instructor inEnglish.Unclassified. Frank O. Horton to Ger­trude Scovel, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.Chauncey Butler, Indianapolis, Ind., at thesummer home of Dr. and Mrs. Raycroft,Lakeside, Mich.Mr. and Mrs. Horton are at home in Sheri­dan, V.lyo.DEATHS'81. Ira Washington Rubel died in Lon­don, England, on Saturday, September 5,1908. Mr. Rubel was born in Chicago forty-Coritinued on advertising page 49 THREE NEWBOOKSTHE STUDY OF STELLAR EVOLUTIONAn Account of Some Modern Methods ofAstrophysical Research, hy George Ellery Hale.The introduction of photographicmethods, the improvement of telescopes,and the rapidly increasing appreciation ofthe value to astronomy of physical instru­ments and processes, have revolutionizedthe observatory. This book explains ina popular way how the life histories ofthe sun and stars are investigated. 104-half-tone plates, made from the bestastronomical negatives, place before thereader the most recent results of celestialphotography in most of its phases. 250pages, 104 plates, 8 vo, cloth; net $4-.00.Postpaid $4.27.ENGLISH POEMSSelected and edited, with Illustrativeand Explanatory Notes and Bibliographies,by Walter C. Bronson.THE RESTORATION AND THE 18TH CENTURYThe poems are so selected and arrangedas to give a clear idea of the literary ten­dencies of the period. 548 pages, I z mo,cloth; -school edition; net $ I .00, post­\.paid $ I. 15; library edition, net $ 1.50,postpaid $ I .66.THE NINETEENTH CENTURYIn presenting a new collection of nine­teenth-century English poetry, the pub­lishers believe that they are supplying aneed that has been long and keenly felt.635 pages, I z mo, cloth; school edition,net $ I. 00, postpaid $ l. I 5; library 'edi­tion, net $ 1.50, postpaid $ 1.68.ADDRESS DEPT. 61THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESSCHICAGO AND, NEW YORKYou will enjoy your business relations with these establishments MIOPITTSBURGH PLATE GLASS CO.GLASSAND !· PAINT442-452 WABASH AVE.W. C. KIMBAll, lOCAl MANAGERMIOSay "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-48-F. W. BAKERMen's Furnishings,Hats, Pants, Etc.,Jevvelry Departrn'tBest $2 and $3 Hat to Chicago334 East 63rd Street6306 Madison AvenueAll around the corner of 63rd and Madison Ave.Open until 9.00 P.M.Ml:OClass News continued from page 47eight years ago. He attended the Hayes andWest Division High Schools and the Uni­versity of Chicago. He had attained' an in­ternational reputation as 'an inventor ofimprovements. in printing machinery and hisrelatives ascribe his . death to the worry andwork occasioned in seeking to protect hispatents and marketing his inventions inEurope and America.Mr. 'Rubel was. the pioneer Chicago manu­.facturer of loose-leaf systems and inventorof the offset printing-press, which has revo­lutionized lithographic reproduction.In Chicago particularly Mr. Rubel is re­called as a member of the firm of RubelBrothers, stationers, who started in 1881 witha small store at 173 Monroe Street, and grewthrough the introduction of the loose-leafsystem to such an extent that in 1899 a six­story building was required at 348 WabashAvenue to house the establishment which usedthe entire output of a, paper mill the firmpurchased. The firm has since retired frombusiness.Mr. Rubel leaves a widow who was .withhim in London at the time of his death; asister, Mrs. M. M. Marks, 4752 MichiganBoulevard, and three brothers, Nathan W.Rubel, 49th Street and Forrestville Avenue;Simon Rubel, 156 West I22nd Street, NewContinued on advertising page 50 PHOTOGRAPHSCOPIED ARTISTIC PICTUREFRAMING397 EAST 57TH STREETCHICAGOPHONE HYDE PARK 1666 NEAR KIMBARKPORTRAIT STUDIOIf you have not seen the quality of our work,do not fail to call. Visitors are always welcome.The Best Developing, Printingand EnlargingAre you getting the best results with your camera? If not youare throwing away your money.We receive work from all parts of the country and there's areason why people send it to us. Let us do yourfinishing and you will learn the reason.Uuiurfnitl1 ,qntograpi1. �qnp397 E. 57TH ST., CHI<;AGONEAR KIMBARKLANTERN SLIDESA SPECIALTY KODAKS ANDSUPPLIES.MIOGO TOTHEMIDWAY DINING ROOM57TH Sl AND ELLIS AVE.FORA GOOD MEAL ATTHE RIGHT PRICETHE MIDWAY DINING ROOMTICKETS: '$3.50 FOR $3.00MIOYou will enjoy your business relations. with these establishmentsN.E.CornerClark &Van BurenStreets 2nd Floor,Entrance277 ClarkStreetKing Yen La Co.Under the ManageDlent of Mr. Chin F. FoinThe first and only Chinese High-Class Restaurant in the world. Other places copy our ideas.Superior service and cuisine with revised bill of fare at popular prices. A special section of ourdininz-roorn set asjrie exclusively for ladies.The menu of King Yen Lo now includes Steaks and Chops and all other meats, which areserved in the same high-class character that earned for King Yen Lo its world-wide reputation asa Chinese Chop Sooy Restaurant.00 You Know Joy? He is the only Mandarin Chef in America. His cooking made ourplace famous in the world. Now he is with us again. Kitchen open for inspection. Also delightto show you how to prepare our cooking.Before and After the Play A Special AttentionMIOMr. Ripley ' s Celebrated Orchestra Every EveningKing Yen Lo COtnpany275-77-79 Clark St.-,ChicagoTEA ROOM York, who is now visiting his Chicago rela­tives, and Charles D. Rubel, 275 McDonoughStreet, Brooklyn.Mr. Rubel's body was cremated and theurn containing- his ashes was brought toChicago by relatives and buried in the Rubelfamily lot at Graceland.'01. Mary Parmelia Squier died on August21, 1908, in Kansas City, Mo. Miss Squierwas born in Cumberland, Belmont Co., 0.,fifty-two years ago. She had taught in thepublic schools of Chicago for ten years, beingan active member of the Chicago Teachers'Federation. For a time she was manager ofits official paper. Subsequently, Miss Squieropened a private school in Kansas City, andlater returned to Chicago and established abimonthly magazine, Home Education.'07. Ruth Bleekman, 225 South NinthStreet, LaCrosse, Wis., died on May 27, I908,at St. Francis Hospital, LaCrosse.Miss Bleekman was a teacher at Calumet,Mich., and was called home early in Mayby the sudden death of her father, A. E.Bleekman, an attorney at law. While athome Miss Bleekman contracted diphtheria,followed by blood-poisoning, from which shesuccumbed. Miss Bleekman was twenty-sixyears old, and received a degree of A.B. fromBeloit in I902, and of A.M. from Chicago in1907· Class News continued from page 49"The Capitol"For Ladies and Gentlemen232 REPUBLIC BUILDINGs. E. Cor. State and Adams StreetsLuncheon 1 to 4Table D'Hote Dinner, 5 to 7:30HOME COOKINGA delightful place for ladies unattended to dineMIO'Say "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE" to the advertisers-50-"Clothes of today"-Mossierabout from place to place,dusty, stretched and strained,hourly losing what little sem­blance of form they ever pos­se�sed, ill served, withoutpnvacy, the customer is hus­tled about until he loses hispatience and spends his mon­ey under the provocations ofthe moment for goods thatare doomedto disappoint.But here is a man with anIdea-the same kind of ideathat put the old shoemakersout of business-why notdrape the figure instead of fit­ting it? Why not use the besttale�t in merchant tailoringto buildaready-for-servicegar­ment eq?al in material, styleand finish, but superior indraping to any custom work,at about one-half the price­and satisfaction guaranteed?Why force the garment on thecustomer if he is dissatisfied?This idea has been testeddeveloped, and put into suc�cessful practice by the Moss­Ier Company, 50 JacksonBoulevard, Chicago-themost original and distinctiveclothing ·house in the world.� ts peculiar plan and serviceIS widely kno w n as the" MossIer idea.". When. referring to stylethe usual saying amongcollege men is. "If it's aMossier it's right. "50 Jackson Boulevard, Chicago MIOTIME WORKS WONDERSThe picturesque oldshoemaker has passedaway. It takes more timeskill, and money. to build �garment for the body thanshoes for the feet. F or thisreason evolution in clothinghas been slower than inshoes. The Custom Tailorhas dreams of a perfect formbut instead of draping hi�customer after those idealshe fits, tries on, trims and�athers �nti1. every physicalirregularity (instead of beingc?ncealed) is unduly empha­sized, and' dissatisfaction isinevitable. But the cloth iscut, and there is no rebate.T�n year.s ago ready-for­service clothingwas still in thegunnysack period. Even nowhuge pyramids of these crea­tions cover tables of our greatclothing emporiums. TossedYou will enj oy your business relations with these establishments-51----Eaton? s, The Flower Shop CUT FLOWERS,PALMS and FERNSParty and Wedding Decora�ions a Specialty.86 JACKSON BOULEVARD Phone iii Your Orders; We Never Fail to Deliver on TimeTELEPHONE HARRISON 5S3S MIOHOTEL CUMBERLANDNEW YORKS. W. COjl.NER BROADWAY AT 54TH STREETNear 50th St. Subway and 53rd St. ElevatedHEADQUAR TERS forCOLLEGE MENNEWMODERN ANDABSOLUTELYFIRE-PROOFTransient Rates $2.50 Iwith bath and up. Alloutside rooms.HARRY P. STIMSON,Formerly with Hotel Imperial.KEPT BY A COLLEGE MANSPECIAL TERMS forCOLLEGE TEAMSIdeal Location, nearTheaters, Shops, andCentral Park.Most Attractive Hotelin New York.SEND FOR BOOKLETR. J. BINGHAM,Formerly with Hotel Woodward.MIOSay "UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE'" to the advertisers'-52--