THE University Record OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO FOUNDED BY JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER Vol. VIII FEBRUARY, 1904 No. 10 PHYSICAL CULTURE NUMBER DRAWINGS FOR THE BARTLETT MEMORIAL WINDOW (frontispiece) 307 ADDRESSES AT THE DEDICATION OF THE FRANK DICKINSON BARTLETT GYMNA SIUM: THE PRESENTATION ADDRESS, by Adol- phus C. Bartlett, Esq. 307 THE ACCEPTANCE OF THE GYMNASIUM ON BEHALF OF THE UNIVERSITY, by President William R. Harper - - - 307 A YOUNG MAN'S MEMORIAL, by Frank Wakeley Gunsaulus - 309 ADDRESS ON BEHALF OF THE DIVISION OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND ATHLET ICS, by Amos Alonzo Stagg - - - - 313 ADDRESS ON BEHALF OF THE ADMINIS TRATIVE BOARD OF PHYSICAL CUL TURE AND ATHLETICS, by Eri Baker Hulbert - 314 ADDRESS ON BEHALF OF THE ALUMNI AND STUDENTS, by William Scott Bond - 316 MURAL DECORATIONS IN THE BARTLETT GYMNASIUM (full-page illustration ) - - 317 THE MURAL DECORATIONS IN THE BART LETT GYMNASIUM, by Frederic Bartlett - 317 THE MEMORIAL WINDOW FOR FRANK DICK INSON BARTLETT ------ 317 THE FORMAL OPENING OF THE NEW GYM NASIUM - 318 THE FOOTBALL DINNER IN THE REYNOLDS CLUB HOUSE - 319 THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE BARTLETT GYMNASIUM, by Shepley, Rutan, & Coolidge 320 THE FURNITURE AND EQUIPMENT OF THE BARTLETT GYMNASIUM, by Joseph Ed ward Raycroft - 321 AN INTERIOR VIEW OF THE FRANK DICK INSON BARTLETT GYMNASIUM (full -page illustration) - HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE DIVISION OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND ATHLETICS, by Joseph Edward Raycroft - THE WOMEN'S GYMNASIUM, by Gertrude Dudley ... - PHYSICAL TRAINING IN THE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION, by Carl Johannes Kroh THE MEMORIAL SERVICE FOR PROFESSOR HERMANN EDUARD VON HOLST : ADDRESS by William Rainey Harper, Presi dent of the University ADDRESS by William Gardner Hale, Repre sentative of the University Senate THE FUNERAL OF PROFESSOR VON HOLST AT HEIDELBERG, GERMANY - - - - THE TENTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE UNI VERSITY OF CHICAGO SETTLEMENT THE ANNUAL MEETING AND REPORT OF THE WOMAN'S UNION REMARKABLE DISCOVERIES IN THE FIELD OF PALEONTOLOGY ------ THE CENTENARY OF THE DEATH OF IM- MANUEL KANT THE FIRST OF A SERIES OF CONCERTS BY THE CHICAGO ORCHESTRA - OPENING OF THE NEW BOWLING ALLEYS IN THE REYNOLDS CLUB HOUSE - A COURSE OF LECTURES BY THE PRESI DENT ON "THE ADMINISTRATION OF A COLLEGE" -------- A DIRECTORSHIP OF GENERAL AND PHYS ICAL CHEMISTRY PRIZES FOR ECONOMIC ESSAYS THE FACULTIES ------- 328 338 339 : 343 343 344 344 345 ' PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION SINGLE COPIES ONE DOLLAR ENTERED AT CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, AS SECOND-CLASS MATTER TEN f>- 5 VOLUME VIII NUMBER 10 University Record FEBRUARY, 1904 ADDRESSES AT THE DEDICATION OF THE FRANK DICKINSON BARTLETT GYMNASIUM.* THE PRESENTATION ADDRESS. BY ADOLPHUS C. BARTLETT, Donor of the Gymnasium. Mr. President and Friends: I am not entitled to the praise that has been bestowed upon me this evening. I am simply the agency through which the Gymnasium is presented to the University. I did not build the Gymnasium. In the eyes of a fond father, a son gave promise of a life that would be of service to his fellow-men and that would do some good in the world. He did not reach the full years of complete manhood; and we have here placed this building, this window, and these decorations, to symbolize, as best we might, what we think he would have done in a broad and noble way, had he been spared. I wish I could impress upon the mind of every student that is now in this University, every young man and every young woman who shall come here in the future for education and development, that this Gymnasium is the frui lowship, truth, high aspirations, and kind deeds were the cardinal principles ; that this Gymna sium was built, not by the death of Frank Bartlett, but through his life. And in present ing it to this University, sir, presenting it through you as President of the University of xThe dedication of the Bartlett Gymnasium took place on Friday evening, January 29, 1904; the laying of the corner-stone occurred on Thanksgiving Day, 1901. Chicago, I want to impress upon the minds of every young man and every young woman what was built by Frank Bartlett. I present it to the University of Chicago in behalf, and in the name, of those who loved the boy. THE ACCEPTANCE OF THE GYMNASIUM ON BEHALF OF THE UNIVERSITY. BY WILLIAM RAINEY HARPER, President of the University. Ladies and Gentlemen: It seems a long time since we first began to talk about the Gymnasium. I remember one morning in January, or February, 1892, at the Murray Hill Hotel in New York city, when Mr. Stagg and myself discussed the subject very earnestly, and likewise the question of his com- i? g to the University of Chicago. I assured him most positively that, if he would come, there would be erected for the use of his department a well-equipped building. That promise, what ever may be said of other promises made in those early days, was one of slow realization. I think, however, that in the light of history we would better call the assurance given at that time, not a promise, but a prediction. I predicted, therefore, that a gymnasium would be built, if he would join forces with us. Pre diction, as all students of prophecy well know, sometimes "tarries" in its fulfilment. This prediction was one of that kind. It has "tar- 308 UNIVERSITY RECORD ried" more than a dozen years. But there is still another characteristic of prediction which may be noticed in connection with this whole affair; I have in mind the point that, when at last the fulfilment of a prediction actually comes to pass, the issue sometimes far exceeds the literal content of the prediction, far exceeds even the largest hopes of the prophet who uttered the prediction or those of the persons to whom it was addressed. We may, then, go one step farther in the analogy; the longer a prediction is delayed in its fulfilment, the larger and more glorious is the outcome when it is actually realized. These remarks are intended partly in explana tion of the situation in which we tonight find ourselves taking part; partly, also, for the en couragement of those other heads of depart ments who still await, though not too patiently, the fulfilment of other predictions made in the days of old. I may, perhaps, add that now in these new days of University life, in view of the tardiness which has characterized the coming true of former predictions, no new predictions, not to speak of promises, are being made. It seems a long time, even, since we first began to plan the details of this building. I remember one morning in September of 1900, in a room of the Grand Pacific Hotel, when the Trustees met to receive the official announce ment of Mr. Bartlett's purpose to undertake the work. We had in mind, at that time, some such building as this ; but it was proposed to make plans in accordance with which two buildings should be provided for the needs of the depart ment ; a first building, more especially for physi cal culture ; and a second, to be erected later on the ground just north of this. We therefore cut in two the great building which had before been sketched. The half, however, began to grow ; it continued to grow ; and when the time had come to sign the contract, it was found that the half which had been undertaken was exactly as large, so far as expense was concerned, as the whole that had originally been worked out. The old t% whole " has now been finished ; but it is only the half of what we are ultimately to possess. It was evident to all friends of the University that nothing less than the present building would satisfy present needs, and with a strong appreciation of this, a gift in addition to his first gift was made by Mr. Bartlett, which, with the help of other friends, has enabled us to com plete the building on this much larger scale. It has taken many months, yes, even years, for all these things to come about, but they have come. You will pardon me if I go back again to the past and recall still other things. I have in mind the patience with which the hundreds, and thousands, of men have waited all these years for this gymnasium : I -say " waited ; " and yet what were they waiting for? They knew, as year after year passed, that in their day the building would not be erected. They knew that the University might have put up something better than the old gymnasium ; but if this had been done, it would have postponed unto a future still more remote the acquisition of a building suffered. That was a truly vicarious suffering ; because they suffered for the good of those who were to follow them. There were times when it was almost unbearable; times when patience almost became a vice; but still they waited; and tonight many of these men are with us, to rejoice with us all the more strongly because of the contribution which they themselves have made through the long years. I have in mind, also, that strong, handsome boy; his enjoyment of life; his beaming face; his strength of heart. Then came the sudden message ; then weeks of waiting for the body ; then the putting forever away of all that re mained. I recall when the purpose was indicated that, because of his removal thus early in life, some thing should be done to help other men's sons to be stronger physically; to grow stronger UNIVERSITY RECORD 309 body as they grew stronger in mind. This is, indeed, a building for young men ; and not one of the tens of thousands who in coming years shall live stronger and purer lives, because Frank Dickinson Bartlett lived and died, will forget his name or his memory. This building is, or ought to be, the best and most efficiently equipped gymnasium in the country. You are most cordially invited to in spect it this evening. There are still some things to be done before it can technically be called finished; but it is now ready for use; and within a very short time the remaining apparatus and equipment, already purchased, will be installed. We do not fail to recall this evening the beautiful contribution to the memory of him in whose honor the building has been erected, made by Mr. Hibbard. The memorial window will be one of the most attractive features of the en tire structure. This window reached the city of Chicago only the day before its donor passed from this life. In accepting this building tonight, I wish to make record of the splendid and faithful service of the architects, and of Mr. Clark who has represented them. This building is not only large an4 strong and Well arranged; it is also beautiful. I should be guilty of a grave oversight, did I Mr. Stagg, the architects, and the Building tient and invaluable service rendered by Dr. Raycroft through the entire history of this building enterprise. His wise suggestions have been adopted in very many cases ; and his super vision of details will be found to have added much to the value of the building and its equipment. It is unnecessary for me to tell you that it is the tangible representation of Mr. Stagg's hopes and dreams. He has put into it the ex perience of many years of close and definite study. The plans of the building throughout have been prepared under his direction. May he live a hundred years to enjoy it, and may each year add to the satisfaction of his work ! Mr. Bartlett, in formally accepting from your hands this great structure, and in pledging the University through all future years to preserve it and to maintain it for the uses to which it is sacredly set apart, I am unequal to the task of saying what is in my heart. This building is the realization of so many dreams ; it is the fulfilment of so many desires. It means added strength of body and of mind to every man of the University, whether student or instructor, who, through the future years, will avail him self of the advantages which it offers. The acceptance of this gift means the rolling off from my shoulders, and from the shoulders of for the character, of the young men who, in hundreds and thousands, will continue to come within the walls of the University. To you, and those who are associated with you in this great gift, we present our words of thanksgiving and appreciation; but although these words come from the heart, they fail utterly to inform you of the depth of the feeling of which they are the expression. The Frank Dickinson Bartlett Gymnasium will stand for centuries, let us hope, as the memorial of a father's love seeking to strengthen other fathers' sons, who have lived and not died. A YOUNG MAN'S MEMORIAL. BY FRANK WAKELEY GUNSAULUS,! President of the Armour Institute of Technology. The reins of the future have been caught and held by young hands. At fifteen Victor Hugo presented a poem to the Academy. At sixteen Bossuet dazzled all who heard him by his elo- 1 The address at the laying of the corner-stone of the Bartlett Gymnasium on Thanksgiving Day, 1901, was also delivered by Dr. 310 UNIVERSITY RECORD quence; and Leigh Hunt was a prolific writer of verses. At seventeen Michael Angelo had room in the palace of Lorenzo de' Medici; Mozart had entranced the courts of Germany; Chateaubriand had a commission; Alexander Hamilton commanded the attention of his coun try; Washington Irving delighted the readers of the Morning Chronicle. At eighteen Charles Spurgeon was pastor of a congregation; Zwingli had read the New Testament so well as to doubt the authority of the church; Grotius had published an edition of Marcianus Capella. At nineteen Bach was organist at Armstadt; George Washington was a major ; Webster had understood Espinasse; Bryant had written Thanatopsis; George Stephenson was carrying in his brain an improved steam engine. At twenty Robert Hall had an enthusiastic audi ence; Alexander mounted the throne; Weber was producing symphonies; Schelling had grappled with the philosophy of Kant ; Wallace had made assault against the arbitrary domi nance of Edward I. At twenty-one Beethoven had added a great name to music; Kirke White had left his tremulous lyre; William Wilberforce was in Parliament; Mazzini was a prisoner in the citadel of Savona. At twenty-two Alfred began one of the most magnificent reigns which Eng land had ever seen; his commander had made Wallenstein captain of the conquered fortress of Grau ; Hampden was in Parliament ; Savon arola was robed with a splendid name; Alger non Sydney had antagonized Cromwell; Ros sini had excited an enthusiasm unequaled in the world of music; Schiller's Robbers had been written; Richelieu was a bishop; Sir Philip Sidney had been sent to complete the alliance of Protestantism. At twenty-three Servetus had found the intolerance of fanaticism; Spinoza was excommunicated; Rubens had "com pounded from the splendor of Paul Veronese and the glory of Tintoretto that florid system of mannered magnificence which is the element of his art and the principle of his school;" Browning had written Paracelsus; Sir Henry Vane had filled Boston with enthusiasm ; Rich ard Wagner carried with him the music of Lohengrin; Whitefield was preaching in the Tower chapel at London; Bailey had written Festus; Emmet had thrilled Ireland with pa thetic patriotism ; Arthur Hallam had furnished Tennyson with his greatest poem; Hume had composed his treatise on Human Nature. At twenty-four Bismarck was captain of king's cavalry ; Alexander had taken Thebes and had crossed the Hellespont; Ariosto had made his muse support a family; Dante was a distin guished soldier and poet ; Ruskin had published the first volume of Modem Painters; Santa Ana had expelled the royalist from Vera Cruz ; Rut- ledge was jthe orator for the colonies; Scipio had commanded the armies of Rome ; Sheridan had written The Rivals; Rienzi had come forth as the second Brutus; Richter had charmed Herder. At twenty-five Bernard had changed "The Valley of Wormwood " into Clairvaux ; iEschy- lus was the greatest tragic poet of Greece; Xavier lectured on Aristotle; Coleridge had written The Ancient Mariner; Huss had be come a flaming herald for truth; Southey had burned more verses than he published during life. At twenty-six Robespierre defended the work of Franklin against ignorance; Franklin himself wrote the wisdom of Poor Richard; Roger Williams had aroused all the intolerance of New England ; Turner was a member of the Royal Academy ; Mark Antony was the hero of Rome. At twenty-seven Oberlin had a parish of 9,000 acres of rocky soil; Daniel O'Connell had begun his career as an agitator ; Correggio had the commission to execute the frescoes on the cupola of San Giovanni in Parma. At twenty-eight Wordsworth was joint author with Coleridge; Warwick was a distinguished soldier on the Scottish border; Hannibal took Saguntum while Rome deliberated on its rescue UNIVERSITY RECORD 311 Bacon was counsel extraordinary for the queen; Napoleon had revolutionized Europe. At twenty-nine Robert South's eloquence had moved British royalty ; Lord John Russell was a reformer in Parliament; Milton was the author of Comus; Arminius had liberated Ger many; Cromwell had begun his work. At thirty Reynolds was the greatest portrait painter in England ; and Da Vinci had said : " I will undertake any work in sculpture, in marble, in bronze, or in terra-cotta ; likewise in painting I can do as well as any man, be he who he may." All these, with the thousands of others, are only some of the young men who have ruled the world. Their life-work had been begun and its inspiration had been gained. John Keats, Pitt, Summerfield, and Macaulay are only some of our fair names. These are they who come into our thought when we dedicate to the uses of young scholars a building which is a memorial of a young man whose ministry must be exer cised from both the visible and invisible realms. No one can remember, with anything like spiritual accuracy, the personality of Frank Bartlett without gratitude that the sovereignty of his influence shall be understood largely through an institution so characteristic of his full-orbed physical and mental promise- This is not the memorial of an old man, in whose career have been harvested the intimations of April, the thrilling processes of growth from many May days, the fructifying heats of June, and the more fiery processes of July. There would be a kind of strangeness in its atmos phere, if the Gymnasium were other than a young man's monument and a young man's instrumentality for beneficent power. Every thing which youth has of ardor and vision will find its welcome and home in the buoyant and free spirit which must pervade these stones, and walk through these halls with the old joy with which he grew so athletic in mind that we almost forgot how superb he was in physical resource. These young men whom I have mentioned touched humanity and exalted the definition of manhood while they lived with us on the earth. Frank Bartlett's sphere of influence was early removed from this world, and yet so wise and loving has been the benevolence of his father and his family that a reach of power is promised for him in years to come which it would have taken a long life, lived with every force of genius at work, to surpass, if indeed equal, in its privilege and effectiveness. When David Gray, the young Scotch poet, was made to con fess the imminency of an early death, he wrote the words : There is life with God, In other kingdom of a sweeter air. In Eden every flower is blown: Amen. Happy, indeed, is this young man that, while the flower is blown in Eden, the fragrance of the bud which we knew abides with us ever more. It would not be fair to the memory of this young man if the members of this Univer sity should receive this Gymnasium as other than an appeal to them to make the body the finest possible servant of the mind. In other times physical prowess might appear as a sort of extemporaneous item in human life and a haphazard possession of untrained minds. To day and here we grow physical strength and consequent effectiveness according to the laws of our being and after a divinely inwrought way. The hour has come when the athletic man, having obeyed the law that he might obtain liberty and mastery over himself, shall be the obedient son and guardian of all law and the champion and defender of all order. The type of manhood most needed today had fine promise in Frank Bartlett; he was an obedient and law-abiding vouth. No contribu tion that can be made at this time is quite so evident and, indeed, necessary as the trained ability to obey law. It is strange that the asso ciations of culture are too often allied with law lessness. If the student and scholar are not to incarnate law and order, what may we expect of the untrained minds of a fierce democracy? 312 UNIVERSITY RECORD order to obtain liberty and mastery, the chemist bows to the slightest intimation of the way along which chemic forces travel ; the physicist yields himself, with sympathy absolute and final, to the smallest indication of energy, and he obeys its manner that he may have power. His torical study opens before the youth a solemn perspective, in which the laws of progress dis obeyed are magnificent in disasters, and obeyed are sublime in beneficent achievements. Let this building be a temple in which men shall learn that each man's body is so far the servant of the soul and its effort toward realizing its highest destiny that the body itself must be the " temple of the Holy Ghost." Modern chivalry makes its appeal for young knights ; and no more lofty tone could stir the soul of youth to answer these demands in our time than that which must be heard in whispered eloquence from this vanished young soldier of the good and the true and the beautiful whose memorial is here dedicated. He once told me that it was the aim of his life to continue and enforce the attachment of his family to those causes in our city and commonwealth which have already prospered so largely through the influence of one to whom this University owes this memorial. In that war against evil wThich is to demand strength of body and forces of mind we must never omit the authoritative voice of conscience. Perhaps we never had so little need in national life of the bully and the braggart ; perhaps we never had such need of men of stout heart and luminous conscience. We need not only Men whom the lust of office does not kill ; Men whom the spoils of office cannot buy ; but we need men who can ask and answer the question as did Shakespeare in Henry VI: What stronger breast-plate than a heart untainted? Thrice is he armed that has his quarrel just; Whose conscience with injustice is completed. And he but naked, though locked up in steel, The age is weary of vulgar and soul- destroying success. It longs for knightly de votion to what often seem to be lost causes in politics, society, church, and state. Sane minds in strong bodies have less than any significance unless they are baptized in the spirit of the Highest, who said : " He who would be chief, let him be the servant of all." Unless a gener ous enthusiasm directs itself in every drop of a man's blood toward the destruction of the fortresses of evil, the upbuilding of the institu tions of goodness, and the triumph of justice over mere power, our culture is a failure, and not a drop of any man's blood ought to be made more effective by education. A Christian university like this cannot afford to stop with the piety which says : Nothing is worth a thought beneath But how I may escape the death That never, never dies ; Even its effort toward the physical culture of its students must be in harmony with that chiv alry which escapes death, because it lives pro foundly and loftily under the influence of the cross of Christ. Physical power, like religion, must not be a perquisite, but a prerequisite. Old-fashioned duty stands before us today in politics, in civic life, in the half-dismayed church of Christ, in a halting faithlessness in the ideals of art and literature ; and chivalrous youth must here be worthy of this building and of the mem ory of Frank Bartlett, as every man learns and does his work in duty's name, for the duty that now is, and the duty that shall be. Then it shall be proved that He that ever following her commands, On, with toil of heart and knees and hands, Thro' the long gorge to the far light has won His path upward and prevailed, Shall find the toppling crags of duty scaled Are close upon the shining table-lands To which our God himself is moon and UNIVERSITY RECORD 313 ADDRESS ON BEHALF OF THE DIVISION OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND ATHLETICS. BY AMOS ALONZO STAGQ, Director of the Division of Physical Culture. All hard conditions come to an end some time. All wrongs will be rectified some day. Tonight I am an optimist. The wrong in the shape of a gymnasium, which this University has been per petrating on its student body, is no more. No longer will the botany professors rage nor the a perfect dream of a gymnasium, the best in the world. I shall not dwell upon those old days which the alumni present even now shudder at the thought of. It is enough to know that what we all longed for, hoped for, and prayed for, is at hand. The contrast between the new and the old is the contrast between exhilaration and depres sion. No one can enter this structure without feeling a sense of its exquisiteness. Everything in and about the building, when completed, will inspire that feeling. The everyday expression taste and color and utility has appealed to the finer senses of the students. Wisely conducted exercise under such conditions cannot fail to be at once healthful and exhilarating. The completion of this beautiful structure is one more step toward realizing for our Univer sity those fine associations and feelings about their college days upon which men's memories like to dwell. This is the indoor playground for the stu dents, with just enough direction planned to make their play valuable as a health-producer and as a body-builder. It is a place to throw off care as well as the poisons of the body, for diverting mental blockades, for storing up new strength, for recuperating wasted forces. In its organization and in the part which it will play in the community life of the student body, this building will stand for equality and democracy and sociability, and will ably sup port the Hutchinson Commons and the Rey nolds Student Club House across the way. As from the fabled fountain of youth, thou sands willingly and unwillingly will drink of its health-giving waters, and in after-years will rise up and call the donor blessed. In the athletes' rubbing-room, below, the stu dents have caused to be inscribed on the wall in luminous letters, "For Chicago I Will," as typifying the spirit which they wish to see dominate every man who represents the Univer sity on its athletic teams. That motto has its special significance for our athletes. But, in a larger sense, " For Chicago I Will " could stand for the spirit of this build ing. First of all, it is the spirit of the man who has made this building possible, as shown in his self-sacrificing life and in his broad philan thropy. Secondly, the beneficences of this Gym nasium inspire that spirit. Men's best efforts do not spring forth when they are in a low condition of physical life. Low order of health usually means a lower quality of work and little of it. Raise the stand ard of health, and you will raise the quality and widen the breadth of achievement. Ambition mounts with larger health; depression comes with debility. and physical energy of our great University body are at once raised, and the standard of personal achievement will be increased corre spondingly throughout the years to come. Better health means greater happiness, and that in itself were worthy of the great expenditure involved in the gift of this building. One cannot see how Mr. Bartlett could have more fittingly done honor to the memory of his beloved son than by increasing the measure of happiness for the thousands of young men who will throng this beautiful hall ; than by raising the standard of achievement throughout 314 UNIVERSITY RECORD lives; than by stimulating in them the fire of ambition to put forth their best efforts for the state, for their families, and for the University. ADDRESS ON BEHALF OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE BOARD OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND ATHLETICS. BY ERI BAKER HULBERT, Dean of the Divinity School. On behalf of the Board of Physical Culture, 1 express to Mr. Bartlett our appreciation of this magnificent gift. With us the idea for which it stands is neither new nor recent. Among the regulations under which the Uni versity opened was one requiring attendance at chapel, class-room, and gymnasium. The Trus tees were ruled by the thought that the young collegian on the day of his graduation ought to possess a good body, a good mind, and a good soul ; and that it was the function of the Uni versity to aid him in these three directions. Among the first officers appointed were a few heads of departments, a chaplain, and a director of physical culture. Compulsory presence at prayers and lectures is as old as American col leges, but among western institutions it was our own University which pioneered compulsory which nearly every college of note in the Middle West has since then had the wisdom to follow. Hitherto, on the side of physical culture, we have been seriously handicapped by the lack of need now happily supplied. Doubtless before he ventured this large ex penditure of funds Mr. Bartlett considered well the meaning of his gift; but I doubt whether he, or any of us, can adequately measure the worth of this building and its contents to the University and to the world. If you tell me it is a playhouse, I am quick to grant it and to answer back that, in its proper place and order, play is not less necessary than study or worship. Recreation means ^-creation, and its need is not confined to childhood. As the years advance, its character changes, but down to old age the thing itself is never right fully abandoned. Men who forget to play vio late a law of their being as truly as men who forget to work. Play as legitimately enters into human life as thought or prayer. If you cover this campus with buildings in which you are everlastingly clamoring for mental toil, you might, at least, allow one to be erected in which man's play-nature and play-need can have a chance to assert themselves. If you tell me this is a building dedicated primarily to man's bodily development, I am not concerned to deny that it would be worth all it costs if it were dedicated exclusively to that end. Man is an animal as well as a sage and a saint. He is, withal, the noblest of animals, and purely as animal is worth developing. As an end in itself it is not ignoble in us to correct physical defects and to create physical excellencies. Pure blood and a strong heart, tough muscles and steady nerves, vital force and elastic vigor, an erect carriage and a graceful mien are goods in themselves. A body weak, deformed, or dis eased is an evil per se. Happy are we if, in one building on this campus, we are taught directly and pointedly the duty, the privilege, and the gospel of good health. How blessed would it be if our Director of Physical Culture, aided by these physical appliances, could educate these undergraduates out of their defects and weak nesses into such a condition of perfect physical soundness that down to old age no internal organ should fall into ugly mood and torment its possessor with complaining cries ! If some of us have lived through the years, thus happily exempt, we owe it to our parents and not to ourselves, and not to our instructors ; for in our college days physical culture was happy-go-easy, and no man cared for our bodies. Contrast with this the auspicious times upon which our students here have fallen, in which their foster-mother is lavishing on physical training alone money more than equal to UNIVERSITY RECORD 315 whole college outlay in the earlier era. And this money is not unwisely expended even though no higher idea dominates its use than the physical well-being of our undergraduates. A disciplined body and bounding health are blessings in themselves, regardless of ulterior ends. But if you tell me that physical culture is a means as well as an end, and a means to higher ends, I shall not quarrel with your dictum. Mr. Bartlett has put stone and mortar, wood and iron, into a stately edifice which ranks with all the rest in architectural beauty and solidity. That is only incidental. Into this building he has put a gymnastic apparatus designed to sub body. That, too, is only incidental. I doubt whether he would have gone thus far had he not been swayed by higher considerations. More and more are men seeing the dependence upon intellectual, aesthetical, social, civic, economic, moral, spiritual. If in time past preachers have unduly exalted the spirit and teachers have un duly magnified the mind, both have unduly ignored the body. Today men are seeing that body, mind, and soul are interrelated and inter dependent. If they still insist that the physical is lowest, it is in the sense that the foundation rests, by which all above it is made or marred, in the good or evil of which all above it shares. This Gymnasium is built, not for the body alone nor chiefly, but, through the body, for the mind and spirit. Its real design is to remove the physical hindrances to the free play of the higher faculties ; to create a physical organism through which mind and soul can do their larg est and highest work ; to equip men bodily for their college tasks and for life's endeavor. This Gymnasium stands vitally related to every lecture-room and every laboratory in this Uni versity, It is here that the student re-creates himself for his intellectual employments. If the blood courses through his veins less slug gishly, if he can lengthen the period of mental tension, if the dust and cobwebs are swept out of his brain, if he stands straighter and thinks, feels, wills, and lives straighter, his professor may attribute this to his conscientious fulfilment of physical duties. If a body neglected and abused can offer a certain measure and grade of class-room work, that same body cared for, corrected, disciplined, hardened, and revitalized can easily show a larger measure and a higher grade. Then, again, Mr. Bartlett has provided, not only for the present, but for the future, when college days are over. In the battle of life, health and strength are prime essentials. In the survival of the fittest, weaklings are crowded to the wall. In the physical man are the bases of the strenuous life. Courage, push, persist ence, are largely physical qualities ; at any rate, the spirit droops and the will falters when the nerves tremble and the muscles weaken. Through all his days this inexorable law holds the college graduate in its grip, along whatever line he seeks to work out his destiny. Even as a mere pleasure seeker, a feeble constitution and a low vitality will drive happiness and enjoy ment beyond his reach. In the marts of trade not for long can he endure the strain unless he has reserves of physical stamina on which to call. In a professional career, other things equal, the man of good physique outranks his less fortunate competitor; and, other things not exactly equal, the presence of brawn presses hard superior brain whose physical support is weak and tottering. The man of ethical aspira tions will find that temperance and morality are more a matter of buried nerves and good diges tion than the preacher and reformer have some times taught him. And even in religion itself, to endure hardness as a good soldier of Jesus Christ, one will find the physical and the spirit ual mysteriously blended. I wonder if Mr. Bartlett was thinking of 316 UNIVERSITY RECORD this, and much besides, when he laid the corner stone of this structure. In putting his money quite as legitimate and necessary as work itself. He was putting it into bodily improvement, the mending of defects, the expanding of shrink ages, the all-around perfecting of man the ani mal. He was putting it, through the student* s improved physical condition, into his mental processes and his moral promptings, thereby insuring clearer thinking and worthier living, and enhancing in every way the value of his college training. He was putting it into the graduate's whole after-career, preparing him to hold higher places and to hold them longer, and making of that graduate a better craftsman in whatever line, and a better citizen, and a better Christian. In putting his money into this structure and its equipment, Mr. Bartlett was really putting it into play and work, into brawn and brain, into education and character, into citizenship and religion. He was providing for an increase in the happiness and the usefulness of generations of college graduates. He was augmenting the physical, intellectual, and moral force of the world. I close, as I began, expressing to Mr. Bartlett our appreciation of this magnificent gift. ADDRESS ON BEHALF OF THE ALUMNI AND STUDENTS. BY WILLIAM SCOTT BOND, Class of 1897. Speaking for the students and alumni of the University, I wish to express their sense of gratitude and satisfaction in this beautiful build ing. To those of us who have spent a part of our University course in the old "gym" this structure is the realization of a dream. While we have delightful memories of nearly all phases of our University life, the old "gym" has a peculiar place among these. A low brick bungalow, with a " splinterous " floor; an atmosphere saturated with dust and, shall I say, perfume; a place where ventilation was a joke, and where the struggle for cleanli ness was perceptible only in its failure. You have heard what Ezra Kendall said of the and digested them with regret. That was about and regret. We disliked it the first time we saw it, and its funeral was a celebration in which we took a joyful part. How appreciative, then, are we in whom the recollection of these things intensifies the realization of our good fortune. But the old "gym" served its purpose, and served it well. Twelve years ago there was no University of Chicago. The people of the city were not aware of the great intellectual force which was to come among them; and the "Badgers," the "Wolverines," and the " Gophers " settled their annual differences with no thought of a rival soon to dispute first place with them. Then, there were hardly more than enough students to make up the several teams ; and yet "the old man" took that gallant few into that brick hut, and there they wrestled together until they came out to compete on even terms with any of the universities of the West. Our teams were successful because of their enthusiasm and good training, and because of the skill and faithfulness of their leader. And today we may well look with pride upon the position occupied by the University of Chicago est university of them all and now in the first rank. But do you realize that in the advancement of scientific athletic work, and the requirement of regular athletic work by the student body, we stand at the head of all American universities ? At no other university has this work been so systematized and so successfully carried on. And it is the great work of our athletic depart ment. Of course, we hope to win annually u w < 2 y. 2 c * e H ed h i-i w -1 a H 3 M c <(H -3 IS 55 .,-< o Tl 7; * M ( w fi <L> V, -*, i H % a B ... h o in J > *tj t: a w t: o J5 cr H T3 K T^ W 3 - M a o H J. rn H /. H -w -J o PS H f 2 M ^ ta sd >- > 71 c ^ fcl O Cfl h fa o c u Is M El B T3 J X' On v. P E 3 -3 cp .a UNIVERSITY RECORD 317 championships on the football field, the baseball field, and the track oval ; but the prime end of this work is the general physical well-being of the student body, the cultivation of the physical as well as the intellectual initiative, the supply ing of every man with weapons with which he may successfully fight disease if it attacks him. These are the real results for which we work; and when we see what has been done with an equipment entirely inadequate, what may we not hope for now ? Let us then earnestly and seriously consider the confidence shown by the presentation of such a building as this, and prove ourselves worthy of the trust. Let us make our name a synonym for all that is best in college athletics. Let us win, if we can ; but, as we have always done, let us play clean and play fair. Let us determine to put to the best use the Frank Dickinson Bartlett Gymnasium. Mr. Bartlett, it is my privilege, on behalf of the alumni, on behalf of the present student body, and on behalf of all the students who are to follow us, to express to you our appreciation of the magnificent equipment which you have given us; to express our reverence for your motive in so doing; and to pledge to the best use of this equipment the service of our hearts and our hands. THE MURAL DECORATIONS IN THE BARTLETT GYMNASIUM. BY FREDERIC BARTLETT. The mural decorations by Frederic Bartlett are placed by him in the entrance hall of the Gymnasium in memory of his brother, Frank Dickinson Bartlett. The decorations represent an athletic tourna ment in the Middle Ages, the period being about the same as that represented by the motive of the architecture of the building. The crowd looking on at the games are in gold, cut velvets, and rich silks, with jewels of equal splendor. Many of the ornaments and trappings are raised in "gesso" and gilded in antique gold leaf, after the manner of the early English and Italian decorations. The memorial heraldic tablet in relief is sup ported by two pages over the door of the cen tral corridor. Vires, the lion over the middle, typifies the assistance of Physical Education to the different branches symbolized by the owls, Scientia and Litterae. The tablet bears the following inscription: " To the Advancement of Physical Education and the Glory of Manly Sports This Gymna sium is Dedicated to the Memory of Frank Dickinson Bartlett, A. D. 1880-1900." The portion of the mural decorations now in place portrays single-stick and double-edged sword combats. The north and south walls, when completed, will include themes drawn from other of the mediaeval sports, such as tilting, stone-lifting, running, wrestling, etc. Nothing historical has been aimed at, and the costumes, details, etc., are the result of study of the period rather than the costumes and acces sories of any one country. It has been the intention to make the work purely decorative and in harmony with the archaic standards of mediaeval decoration. The modern tendency toward making mural decora tions pictorial has been carefully avoided. THE MEMORIAL WINDOW FOR FRANK DICKINSON BARTLETT IN THE NEW GYMNASIUM. The subject of the Bartlett Memorial Win dow, presented to the Gymnasium of the Uni versity of Chicago by Mr. William Gold Hib- bard, is taken from Walter Scott's Ivanhoe. The window was designed and drawn by Mr. Ed ward P. Sperry, of New York, who also super intended its entire construction. The scene, which has special appropriateness, represents RowTena crowning Ivanhoe at the close of the second day's tournament at 318 UNIVERSITY RECORD de la Zouche, Ivanhoe having vanquished all of his adversaries in honorable combat. Prince John and his adherents occupy the left of the composition; Cedric and his friends are shown on the right. The composition is carried into the upper tier of lancets by the foliage of trees surround ing the lists, and the canopies and standards unite very effectively the two sets of openings. Above the line of the treetops are the hill and the town of Ashby; above this is placed a per pendicular Gothic canopy, which unites the tracery openings with the entire picture com position in a way that makes a thoroughly har monious design, expressed in colors which are rich and glowing in effect. Especial care was taken by Mr. Sperry in the study of the costumes and armor of the period. Over 15,000 pieces of glass enter into the construction of the window. The window is placed above the main en trance of the Gymnasium, which faces Lexing ton Avenue on the east; and when lighted by the morning sun it makes a remarkably rich, that is a continual delight to the eye, and not unworthy a place in any university or cathedral town in Europe. THE FORMAL OPENING OF THE FRANK DICKINSON BARTLETT GYMNASIUM. On Friday evening, January 29, 1904, oc curred the formal opening of the Frank Dickin son Bartlett Gymnasium, when a thousand friends of the University, including members of the Faculties, the alumni, the student body, and a hundred wearers of the " C," listened to the dedicatory addresses. Through all the exer cises of the evening was felt the peculiar solem which a young man's memory was beautifully honored by the magnificent and abiding gift of a father's love. Few more impressive cere monies have taken place in academic life than the presentation, by Mr. Bartlett, of the great and beautiful building that bears his son's name. The regular academic procession was formed in the Faculty Gymnasium, where it was aug mented by a hundred wearers of the University " C," who had come directly from the annual football dinner given by President Harper in the new Reynolds Club House. The procession included the Student Councils of the University ; the wearers of the University " C ; " the Facul ties ; the Trustees of the University ; the mem bers of the Administrative Board of Physical Culture and Athletics; the Director of the Division of Physical Culture and Athletics and the Representatives of the Alumni and Students ; the Representative of the Administrative Board of Physical Culture and Athletics and the Chap lain of the Evening ; the Vice-President of the Board of Trustees and the Orator of the Even ing; the President of the University and the Donor of the Gymnasium. The exercises took place on the second floor of the Gymnasium, where the University of Chicago Military Band was stationed on the running track above the audience. The prayer was offered by Rev. Professor Edward Judson, D.D., of the Divinity School. The opening ad dress, entitled "A Young Man's Memorial," was given by Dr. Frank W. Gunsaulus, Presi dent of the Armour Institute of Technology, who was an intimate friend of Frank Dickinson Bartlett, in whose memory the building was given. An address, on behalf of the Division of Physical Culture and Athletics, was made by Professor A. A. Stagg, Director of the Division of Physical Culture ; on behalf of the Adminis trative Board of Physical Culture and Athletics, by Professor Eri B. Hulbert, Dean of the Divinity School ; and on behalf of the i^kimni and Students, by Mr. William Scott Bond, of the class of 1897. The Presentation Address, by Mr. Adolphus C. Bartlett, donor of the Gym nasium, and the Speech of Acceptance on behalf of the University, by President William UNIVERSITY RECORD 319 Harper, closed the formal program of the even ing. All the addresses appear elsewhere in this issue of the University Record. Following the addresses, a reception was held, with the President and Mrs. Harper, Mr. A. C. Bartlett, Mr. and Mrs. Frederic Bartlett, and Professor and Mrs. A. A. Stagg in the receiving line. The general equipment of the building, the running-track, the swimming-pool, the shower- baths and lockers, attracted much attention; but what especially impressed the audience was the spaciousness of the great second floor and the artistic harmony of the entrance to the build ing, where the mural decorations by Mr. Fred eric Bartlett, son of the donor, have a peculiar appropriateness and beauty. To those who had had the privilege earlier of seeing the Bartlett Memorial Window illuminated by sunlight, it seemed worthy of any cathedral town in Eng land. Its theme is drawn from Scott's Ivanhoe, and the scene represents Rowena's crowning of Ivanhoe at the close of the second day's tourna ment at Ashby. THE FOOTBALL DINNER IN THE REYNOLDS CLUB HOUSE. The annual football dinner given by the President of the University was this year held in the new Reynolds Club House on the occasion of the dedication of the Frank Dickinson Bartlett Gymnasium, and enlarged in its scope so as to include all past wearers of the University " C " as well as the present winners of the honor in the various fields of football, baseball, track, and tennis. The full list of wearers of the "C" who were invited to the dinner included the following : H. D. Abells, H. M. Adkinson, H. F. Ahlswede, C. W. Allen, E. G. Allen, P. S. Allen, N. K. Anderson, W. H. Andrews, O. E. Atwood, C. V. Bachelle, L. Ballenger, A. L. Barton, M. M. Beddall, A. E. Beers, W. P. Behan, H> F. Bezdek, H. W. Black, C. A. Blair, C. H. Bliss, G. A. Bliss, H. G. Bodwell, A. C. Bowdish, R. E. Brenneman, C. V. Brown, J. S. Brown, H. M Burchard, O. S. Burnet, C. L. Burroughs, L. Byrne, M. L. Cahill, F. H. Calhoun, H. C. Calhoun, W. M. Carey, B. J. Cassels, M. S. Catltn, W. J. Cavanagh, H. T. Chace, H. V. Church, H. T. Clarke, M. G. Clarke, F. C. Cleveland, M. A. Cleveland, W. B. Conover, P. M. Conrad, E. B. Cooke, H. I. Coy, G. G. Davis, P. B. Davis, H. W. Dickey, S. C. Dickerson, C. V. Drew, W. P. Drew, W. F. Eldridge, A. C. Ellsworth, C. W. Erwin, A. A. Ewing, J. C. Ewing, N. M. Fair, E. W. Farr, F. Feil, C. Firth, C. G. Flanagan, J. Flint, N. Flint, H. Fox, H. M. Friend, H. G. Gale, W. T. Gardner, G. H. Garrey, W. Garrey, J. Goodenow, F. Grant, E. T. Gundlach, J. F. Hagey, R. C. Hamill, F. E. Harper, E. L. Heath, J. R. Henry, R. L. Henry, F. E. Hering, C. B. Herschberger, H. C. Holloway, A. F. Holste, A. L. Hoover, L. A. Hopkins, F. M. Horton, F. O. Horton, C. R. Howe, C. E. Hulbert, G. E. Ivison, C. S. Jacobs, C. S. Jennison, F. Johnson, J. S. Johnson, H. E. Jones, R. B. Kennedy, W. S. Kennedy, T. L. Ketman, G. N. Knapp, R. L. Knapp, J. P. Koehler, J. J. Laird, J. Lamay, B. G. Leake, E. D. K. Leffingwell, H. G. Leighton, T. J. Lister, O. H. Looney, H. H. Lord, H. B. MacElree, J. G. MacNab, G. R. MacClyment, J. P. Magee, E. F. Mandel, C. R. Manning, W. G. Matthews, L. W. Maxwell, R. W. Maxwell, C. B. McGillivray, F. Merrifield, R. Merrifield, F. G. Moloney, W. A. Moloney, T. W. Morti mer, C. B. Neel, F. D. Nichols, M. B. Parker, F. W. Patrick, T. H. Patterson, E. W. Peabody, E. E. Perkins, H. A. Peterson, M. H. Pettit, Z. R. Pettet, C. S. Pike, A. W. Place, W. H. Prescott, E. E. Quantrell, W. Rapp, J. E. Raycroft, E. P. Rich, D. R. Richbw-g, C. F. Rcmy, C. J. Rogers, W. S. Rogers, W. A. Rooney, P. Ross, W. Rullkoetter, L. Sass, G. H. Sawyer, W. J. Schmahl, G. E. Schnur, J. M. Sheldon, F. C. Sherman, G. R. Sikes, V. Sincere, H. B. Slack, F. S. Slaker, H. J. Sloan, B. B. Smith, H. C. Smith, T. B. Smith, W. E. Smith, W. R. Smith, A. B. Snider, D. B. Southard, K. Speed, H. D. Speer, F. A. Speik, F. F. Steigmeyer, B. Strauss, P. A. Sunderland, O. E. Sweet, S. B. Terry, R. N. Tooker, R. C. Tripp, D. A. Trude, C. M. Van Patten, L. B. Vaughn, L. T. Vernon, J. E. Webb, R. W. Webster, G. L. White, S. H. Wightman, E. V. Williamson, C. S. Wins ton, E. O. Wood, E. A. Wriedt, A. M. Wyant, A. R. E. Wyant, E. R. Yundt, F. R. Baird, F. G. Burrows, W. Eckersall, F. T. Hall, J. C. Harper, M. A. Hill, R. B. Kelly, C. F. Kennedy, G. Nordenholt, E. E. Parry, George Senn, W. K. Smart, L. A. Startzman, A. M. Sullivan, T. B. Taylor/ J. F. Tobin, H. W. Belfield, W. S. Bond, H. N. Gottlieb, C. D. Halsey, C. B. Neel, H. M. Mac- Quiston, P. D. MacQuiston, P. Rand, H. W. Stone. The members of the Administrative Board of Physical Culture and Athletics were also guests of the evening. Each guest received a copy of the Decennial Report of the Division of Physical Culture and Athletics. Brief responses were made at the dinner 320 UNIVERSITY RECORD the following men who once wore the "C" : Rev. Addison A. Ewing, of La Porte, Ind. ; Mr. Charles Sumner Pike, '96, president of the Alumni Club; Dr. Ralph C. Hamill, '99; Mr. William Smith, of the Lewis Institute, Chicago ; Mr. Harry D. Abells, '97, of the Morgan Park Academy; Dr. Henry G. Gale, '96, of the De partment of Physics; Dr. Joseph E. Raycroft, '96, of the Department of Physical Culture and Athletics; Mr. Frederick A. Speik, who was elected captain of the new football team; Mr. Alfred C. Ellsworth, '04, retiring captain of the football team; President William R. Harper; and Professor A. A. Stagg, Director of the Division of Physical Culture. THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE BARTLETT GYMNASIUM. BY SHEPLEY, RUTAN & C00LIDGE. On the north side of Fifty-seventh Street, facing Lexington Avenue, and directly opposite the "Tower Group" of buildings, is situated the Frank Dickinson Bartlett Gymnasium, which was formally dedicated on the evening of January 29, 1904. The spirit of the perpendicular period of P^nglish Gothic architecture (the precedent style of the " Tower Group " of buildings) is carried out in the Gymnasium, but with a different ex pression from that seen in the " Tower Group." In that group you see the feminine character, in the Gymnasium the masculine character in men's athletic building. The building is two hundred feet long by eighty feet wide ; is built of Bedford stone ; and is of fireproof construction, excepting the main roof, where the steel trusses and heavy mill construction are exposed to view. The main entrance is from Lexington Ave nue and is strongly marked by a projecting sec tion of the building which provides space for the main staircase and office rooms, without en croaching upon the main portion of the building. The commodious staircase hall, being the most appropriate portion of the interior of the building for monumental treatment, is finished with dark oak wainscot, beamed and paneled ceilings and trussed roof, red tile floors, and cast-iron and slate staircase, executed in Gothic detail. The stairs are arranged in wide runs on either side of the staircase hall with wide open space between, forming, as it were, a well from the ground floor level to the roof, thus affording a clear and complete view of the large memorial window from each of the floors and stair land ings. On the north, south, and west walls of the main entrance hall there has been provided, above the paneled oak wainscoting, a wide wall surface or frieze for further decorative work in mural painting, portraying Middle Age athletics. From this main hall on the first floor leads a vaulted passage to the west entrance doors, opening out to the athletic field. At this west entrance the projection from the main rectangu lar building is again planned to provide for office rooms, vestibules, etc., and to give archi tectural treatment to the elevation on the field, hardly less important than the main street front. The basement, which is reached by wide stairs from the main entrance hall, and also by a separate outside entrance from the athletic field, provides ample space for the athletic team- rooms, with their shower-baths, rubbing-rooms, hot-rooms, and toilets, the ventilating machin ery, and storage; and is well lighted and ventilated. On the first floor are located the locker-room, with its toilet-, shower-, and drying-rooms ; the Swimming Pool room, with visitors' gallery, shower and bath-rooms ; the Faculty exercising- room, with its private locker-, shower-, and toilet-rooms ; and the general offices, attendants' and waiting-rooms. The locker-room is fitted up with the most modern design of ventilated steel lockers, UNIVERSITY RECORD 321 perforated fronts and individual air ducts con nected with a continuous flue under the lockers, which in turn connects with the main exhaust system in the basement. The Pool-room, fifty-one feet wide and ninety- two feet long, is finished with high wainscoting of cream-white glazed tile, and the floor is laid with small white vitrified tile. The swimming pool is sixty feet long and twenty-eight feet wide, lined with the same light tile and finished at the top with a heavy white marble coping, which projects slightly above the floor of the room. A new feature in pool construction is here introduced in the marble trough, or gutter, extending around the wall two feet below the coping. This trough marks the low-water line, or general water level, and is for the purpose of taking off the surface impurities which may be washed to the side walls by bathers or by the water spray at one end of the pool. At inter vals in this trough are outlets for draining off the water as it collects. The high-water line in the pool, used principally at swimming contests and water polo, is marked by a line of maroon- colored tile twelve inches above the trough. On the east and north sides of the room are sections of raised seats, accommodating two hundred guests. All toilet-, shower-, and hot-rooms are finished in white marble wainscotings and partitions, and with white encaustic tile floors. The plumb ing fixtures are of the most approved style and finish. The entire second floor is devoted to the main exercising room, with a floor area of seventy- five by one hundred and ninety-five feet. The running track is twelve feet six inches wide on the sides, and sixteen feet eight inches wide at the ends, or curved portion, and extends around the sides of the main room twelve feet above the main gymnasium floor, forming, as it were, a wide gallery, supported on the outside walls of the building, with the inner edge hung by heavy steel rods from the roof trusses. The track has been scientifically designed and constructed with reference to sloping surfaces around the curves at the ends, and is of ample width to allow the running of two or three men at the same time. The length of the track, measuring eighteen inches from the inner rail, is 131^4 yards, or about 13.41 laps to the mile. At the four corners of the main gymnasium room are iron staircases leading from the running-track level to the basement of the build ing, connecting with each floor level, thus per mitting direct and quick communication between the locker- and shower-rooms and the pool room on the different floors. The heating of the building is accomplished largely through the forced-draft system, direct steam radiators being placed only at the en trance and in a few exposed places. Air is forced through a series of ducts from the air chamber in the basement to the various rooms, and is drawn off by another system of ducts connected with an exhaust fan, thus providing a constant change of air throughout the build ing, automatically regulated as to temperature and quantity by a series of steam coils and dampers operated by a thermostatic control. The lighting fixtures have been designed with reference to the use of the building, being heavy in construction and provided with heavy wire basket guards in all athletic exercising-rooms. In the main staircase, hall, vestibules, and principal rooms, they have been carefully de signed in harmony with the architectural treat THE FURNITURE AND EQUIPMENT OF THE BARTLETT GYMNASIUM. BY JOSEPH EDWARD RAYCROFT, Instructor in Physical Culture. The problem which presented itself in connec tion with the plans for the furnishings and equipment of the new Bartlett Gymnasium was for several reasons unusually complex. The main exercise floor was designed to be used 322 UNIVERSITY RECORD several distinct purposes, and therefore appara tus had to be installed which was best adapted to meet the needs of the various interests, and which could be arranged in such a way that the equipment used in one branch of work should not interfere with the fullest use of that designed for other purposes. That is, provision had to be made to meet the requirements of the follow ing interests : (a) gymnasium classes, ranging in number from thirty to a hundred or over, engaged in all kinds of gymnastic work; (b) the baseball and track squads, including batting practice, shot-putting, pole-vaulting, sprinting, etc. ; (c) the various athletic meets and games ; {d) social functions and public meetings. The close time-relationship of these various interests made it necessary to plan the equipment in such a way that it should be: i. Adequate for the accommodation of the large gymnasium squads without undue loss of time to the individual ; therefore the set pieces, such as the horizontal bars, trick-rings, parallel bars, adjustable ladders, Swedish booms, etc., were constructed so that six squads might work at one time on the same exercise. 2. Easily and quickly moved from the floor to provide space for some other line of work; e. g., the horizontal bars and the boom with their standards and guys can be drawn up by winches, having a lifting capacity of over three thousand pounds, to a height of twenty-five feet or more from the floor. The parallel bars are provided with sockets set in the floor, so that they may be taken up, placed in the racks in the walls, and the sockets covered with floor plates of brass. The traveling and trick-rings, climbing-ropes, etc., can be raised by hoisting ropes, which are always in place, to a height of twenty-five feet from the floor. The stall bars, which accommodate a class of fifty men at one time, instead of being placed along the walls in the ordinary fashion, are hinged on the under side of the gallery, and can be swung up and fastened close to the floor of the running-track when not in use. 3. In harmony, in construction and appear ance, with the artistic character of the room itself. The problem of indoor batting practice was a serious one from the beginning. The old gym was practicable to suspend a batting-cage from the ceiling. This arrangement provided for only one battery at a time, and gave no protec tion in grounder practice for the wall apparatus and those who were daring enough to exercise during the baseball practice period. To meet the requirement a net curtain, with a mesh so small that a batted or thrown ball could not pass through it, was suspended from the inner edge of the under side of the running-gallery. This net partitions a space clear around the room under the gallery varying in width from thirteen to fifteen feet, thus protecting the wall apparatus and those who may wish to use it during base ball practice. This net is arranged by means of snatch blacks and cleats so that it can be stowed away in a very small roll close to the ceiling under the gallery. It was impracticable to suspend a batting- cage from the trusses because of their great this difficulty, a series of adjustable steel cables were arranged to be stretched between the steel rods suspending the gallery from the trusses, and to these was fastened an immense batting- cage of netting of the same character as that placed under the gallery. This cage is eighty- four feet long, thirty-six feet wide, and sixteen feet high. It is provided with a roof and two longitudinal net partitions, which divide the cage into three sections, allowing three batteries to practice pitching and batting without interfer ing with one another, or with such work as may be in progress outside the cage. The entire outfit of netting is so arranged UNIVERSITY RECORD 323 it can be stowed away in fifteen or twenty min utes, in a neat roll under the edge of the gallery, thus leaving the floor clear for gymnasium classes or basket-ball games. The chest weights, of which there are fifty, extending around one-half of the wall space of the gymnasium, are supported on the wall by a double line of brass tubing, so that the back boards, which would project above the window sills, are not needed ; and thus the architectural effect of the room is preserved. These chest weights are made from special designs sub mitted for this gymnasium, and are unusually heavy and substantial. To accommodate spectators at the various meets, bleachers having a seating capacity of about eight hundred persons have been designed and constructed to meet the following essen tials: comfort, ease and quickness of erection, and compactness when not in use. These as has not been otherwise provided for, can be stored in a room ten feet wide, five feet high, and forty feet long, which is situated between the main floor and the ceiling of the corridor which connects the east and west entrances. A trap door in the floor of the Gymnasium opens into this room, and the heavier pieces of appara tus can be lowered into it by means of block and tackle fastened to the under side of the gallery. A special gallery which will hold fifteen men has been erected on the west side of the Gym nasium above the finish line on the running- track, for the accommodation of reporters and telegraph operators who attend the athletic meets. This gallery is so constructed that it can be put in place or taken down in about twenty-minutes, and it affords a remarkably good view of such events as may be taking place. The entire surface of the running-track, which is thirteen and four-tenths laps to the mile, and from twelve and one-half to sixteen and one- half feet in width, is covered with cork carpet, which affords the best indoor running surface known. One of the unique features of the building is a laundry dryer, which is installed in the base ment close to the athletic quarters. After a practice or game, the athletic suits are left at each man's locker, to be collected and dried thoroughly in this dryer before being returned to the lockers for the next day's work. A definite effort has been made in planning the equipment to keep it in harmony with the building in general. The metal work on the booms and horizontal bars is of polished brass, wrought in a design that is very attractive in appearance. The desks, chairs, and office fur nishings in general have been constructed on simple lines, to correspond as nearly as may be to the architectural scheme. All the wood fur nishings, as well as wood trim throughout the building, are finished in a rich tone of weathered oak. The equipment that has been installed is prov ing in actual use to be most practical, and is admirably adapted to meet successfully the un usual conditions presented. At the same time, its design and construction are such that its appearance is in harmony with the dignified treatment of the building as a 324 UNIVERSITY RECORD HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE DIVISION OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND ATHLETICS. By JOSEPH EDWARD RAYCROFT, Instructor in Physical Culture. The Division of Physical Culture and Ath letics was organized October i, 1892, with the following corps of instructors: Amos Alonzo Stagg, Associate Professor and Director; Dr. Alice Bertha Foster, Tutor; Joseph Edward Raycroft, Assistant; Horace Butterworth, As sistant ; Charles W. Allen, Assistant. No change was made in the officers of instruc tion until the Autumn Quarter of 1894, when Miss Kate S. Anderson, Instructor, was placed in charge of the women's work, in place of Dr. Poster, who had resigned in June. Miss Bertha Steig was also appointed Assistant. Miss Anna F. Davies temporarily conducted the women's work during the Summer Quarter of 1894. The Department began its work on October 1, 1892, when the candidates for the football team met for the first time in Washington Park for practice. Thirteen men reported. Compulsory work in physical training began during the third week in October. The women met in three classes in one of the rooms on the fourth floor of Cobb Hall. The men took their physical training on an open lot west of the Quadrangles. The work of the former con sisted of free-standing exercises, while the latter were trained in free-standing exercises and in football formations without scrimmage. A temporary building, 250 by 100 feet, was begun in the early part of October, 1892. This was divided so as to afford accommodation for (1) the University Library, 50 by 150 feet; (2) the Women's Gymnasium, 100 by 50 feet, of which a space of 30 by 50 feet was used for locker-, bath-, and dressing-rooms ; (3) a gym nasium for men, 200 by 50 feet, of which a space 60 by 50 feet was used for office, dressing-, and bath-rooms ; (4) an engine-room, 20 by 50 feet ; and (5) a printing office, 30 by 50 feet. This building was constructed of rough brick and cost about $18,000. The men's gymnasium was opened for use on November 30, 1902, and classes in squad drill only were held in it until its completion and equipment two months later. Besides being fitted up with the finest appa ratus, it possessed space and equipment for train ing in many kinds of outdoor sports, including ground practice, batting, and base-sliding for baseball; sprinting, pole-vaulting, high and broad jumping, shot-putting, etc. In addition to these there were handball courts, a tennis court, and a running-track of a fraction over twelve laps to the mile. The men's gymnasium originally contained two hundred lockers. Additional lockers were built at different times, which increased the number to five hundred. The women's gymna sium also had to enlarge its locker supply, while the number of dressing-rooms was doubled. In the summer of 1894 a special room for the physical examination of students was built over the locker-room in the gymnasium, This was used also as the library room, where a small selected library was kept. Other changes consisted in the laying of a linoleum carpet on the running-track, at a cost of $200, and the partitioning off of a room for rubbing purposes. The women's gymnasium, which was torn down in the summer of 1901 to make room for the University Commons, was fitted up with ap paratus of the best quality, which afforded op portunity for a large variety of work. The increasing demands made it necessary to in crease the number of lockers and to double the number of dressing-rooms. During the years 1901 and 1902 the women used the chapel of H a ss 4 is JS c a aj a < s N a H H H c CO y. M M 2 -1 03 K B H UNIVERSITY RECORD 325 Hyde Park Baptist Church as a temporary gym nasium. The old gymnasium was a unique building in gymnasium construction, and has passed out of existence still unique. The idea of a combina tion gymnasium and a diminutive athletic field under one roof was a new feature in physical training at the time of its construction. The plan of having a dirt floor at one end of the exercising-room furnished special advantages for practice in certain kinds of outdoor sports. The newer development of a special building for athletic work during the winter months is a larger consummation of the same idea. In 1902 the northeast corner of the athletic field, 300 by 150 feet, was fenced off and as signed to the women for use as an athletic field. This was laid out in basket-ball and indoor baseball fields and practice courts for tennis, and is still used for this purpose. The original regulations of the University demanded ten Quarters' work in Physical Train ing during the undergraduate course unless the student was excused for disability or other suffi cient reasons. This rule was changed on April 24, 1893, to read : " Six Quarters' work in Physical Culture is required of Academic Col lege students, and four Quarters of University College students." This change was deemed advisable in order to give the student freedom where he would enjoy it most, and had the greatest need for it, and also because in the enforcement of the requirements it was not to the advantage of the student to omit his work during two Quarters at the beginning of his course. As the difficulties of enforcing the require ment presented themselves, additional rules were made. In the beginning no penalty was at tached to non-attendance at classes, but there was a general statement that students were re the Department at the beginning being to re quire eleven Quarters of work. No statement in definite form, however, was made to this effect; so that one of the first actions of the Board of Physical Culture, which was organized March 27, 1893, was to announce definitely that " the requirements for graduation shall be thirty- six Majors and ten Quarters' work in Physical Culture." It was thought that the change of the rule so as to require six Quarters' work in the Academic College would have the effect of pre venting delinquency, inasmuch as the student would want to get his transfer to the University Colleges as quickly as possible. This he could not get if he was deficient in Physical Culture. Later it was found that this was not sufficient inducement, and a regulation was passed, stat ing that " students taking an excessive number of cuts will not be allowed to continue their University work until they shall conform to the requirements." This was strengthened afterward by the ac tion of the Board of Physical Culture and Athletics, in passing a rule, December 7, 1895, that, " if a student have ten or more absences in the course of Physical Culture, no credit will be allowed him for the work ; if he have five to ten absences, he will receive 50 per cent, credit for the work." Still later this rule was changed to conform with the general requirements of other Depart ments in the University, namely : " Should the number of a student's absences reach 25 per cent, of the whole number of class exercises, he will receive credit for one-half of the course. No credit will be given when the number of absences is equal to 50 per cent, of the class exercises." In enforcing the requirement of ten Quarters of Physical Culture it has been necessary, in only three or four cases, to have students remain in residence for the satisfaction of the require ment after their other University work was completed. The Administrative Board of Physical 326 UNIVERSITY RECORD ture and Athletics met for the first time on March 2J, 1893. The members of this pioneer body for the administration of the Department of Physical Culture and Athletics were: the President, ex officio; Associate Professor A. A. Stagg, ex officio, Director of Physical Culture; Dr. Alice B. Foster, ex officio. Tutor, Physical Culture; Professor H. P. Judson, Political Science ; Associate Professor J. H. Tufts, Phi losophy ; Associate Professor Franklin Johnson, Church History; Associate Professor Marion Talbot, Sanitary Science; Mr. William Cald well. In 1894 the newly appointed Examining Phy sician, Dr. C. P. Small, and in 1895 the new Recorder, Associate Professor G. S. Goodspeed, became ex officio members of the board. In May, 1896, it was voted to admit one stu dent representative each from the Graduate School, the Divinity School, the Senior College, and the Junior College, to membership on the Board. Messrs. H. T. Clarke, H. E. Jones, H. G. Gale, and John Mentzer were elected by their respective schools. In 1898 it was deemed wise to have one of the Deans serve as an ex officio member of the Board, and Associate Professor James H. Tufts was appointed. During this year the Depart ment of Military Science and Tactics was or ganized, in which work might be taken as an equivalent for the requirement in Physical Training. Since then the instructor in this Department and also the instructor in the De partment of Physical Culture in the School of Education have become members ex officio of the Board. The Examining Physician for the men's department has also become a member ex officio. In the spring of 1893, in response to a request from President Harper, Mr. Marshall Field granted the University the use of the vacant block situated between Fifty-sixth and Fifty- seventh Streets and Ellis and Greenwood Ave nues for an athletic field. Arrangements were at once made for inclosing this space. A large proportion of the lumber necessary for the pur pose was contributed by the John Spry Lumber Company, and the work of nailing on the boards was performed gratuitously by the students. The field was graded, sodded, and prepared for baseball by the latter part of June, and the first game on our grounds was played between the 'Varsity team and that of the University of Virginia, during examination week, 1893. The diamond faced from the northeast to the south west. A football field was laid out at the beginning of the Autumn Quarter, but there were no seats arranged until the Thanksgiving Day game, when some wooden horses and planks that were being used in the construction of the new Uni versity buildings were utilized as a temporary stand. The same seating arrangement continued dur ing the baseball season of 1894, but the need of something better and of a more permanent character was so evident that subscriptions for a grandstand were solicited early in that year, the total sum received from this source being $818.95. This is the only subscription for ath letic purposes which the Department has ever solicited. The covered stand in the northwest corner of the field, seating about 1,200 people, which was finished at a cost of $1,210.50 in time for the football games, was a result of the co-operation of students and Faculty. The chairs for the grandstand were provided, in part, through the courtesy of Mr. John J. Mitchell. In the spring of 1895 a new diamond, facing from the northwest toward the southeast, was laid out, and a large quantity of black dirt was put on the outfield. A running-track of a little less than four laps to the mile was built at an expense of $465. In the autumn of that year additional accommodations for the Thanksgiv ing Day football game, in the form of UNIVERSITY RECORD 327 seating 3,600 people, were erected at a cost of $900. In the spring of 1896 a large quantity of clay and black dirt was put on the field outside the diamond, and sowed with clover and grass seed. This provided an excellent turf for both foot ball and baseball. In the fall of i8q8 new bleachers capable of holding 6,000 people were erected, and in the following autumn additional bleachers for 4,000 persons were built. During the winter of 1899 the University acquired possession of the block of land adjoining the athletic field on the east and placed a twelve- foot board fence around it. This purchase added much needed room to the field and permitted the moving of the east bleachers back from the running-track and base ball field for the spring athletics. A new quarter-mile running-track, averaging more than twenty feet in width, was built of cinders in the spring of 1900. The Conference Intercollegiate Athletic Asso ciation which was organized that year accepted the free use of the field and track for their first meet. The establishment of a Department of Phy sical Training which was a unit in all that pertains to athletics and gymnastics, with a definite undergraduate requirement, with op plete a departure from the traditional ideas and practices as did the scope and plan of the Uni versity itself in the broader field. This plan of organization, which provided for adequate supervision and control, financial and otherwise, of University athletics by the Depart ment of Physical Training, made possible an ideal relationship between physical training proper and competitive athletics, which is even today unique in institutions of university class. From the first the governing idea has been, not alone competitive athletics for the development of championship teams, nor on the other hand formal gymnastics without reference to other branches of work ; but physical training in the broad sense which includes all that is valuable in physical development and control. The courses of work in the Department were made elective from the first, in the sense that each student was allowed to select work in any one of the various classes for which he might be fitted. Registration for work with any of the athletic squads or in one of the classes in ad vanced gymnastics is dependent upon the con sent of the instructor and the approval of the Medical Examiner. The number of courses offered daily for four periods per week has in creased from four during the first Quarter to thirteen given at the present time. The work of the Department includes close oversight of the students by a Medical Exam iner, whose duty it is to examine all those who take part in physical training in any form, and to pass upon the candidates for the athletic teams. The methods of physical examination in general have changed from formal anthropo- metrical observations, with more or less cursory attention to vital function, to a system made up mainly of observations on vital processes, special based on an exhaustive personal history and a few of the more important measurements. This method of work has made it possible during the past twelve years practically to elim inate cases of permanent functional damage due to injury received in competitive athletics, and has given a basis for direction and advice in the attainment of better health and physical development. That the requirements in physical training and this method of administration have been factors for good in their influence on the student body is evidenced, in the history of the Univer- sit, by the relatively small number of serious cases of sickness among the students and break downs from overwork. On Thanksgiving Day, 1901, the corner-stone of the magnificent new Gymnasium was laid with appropriate ceremonies. This accomplish ment was brought about through the splendid munificence of Mr. Adolphus C. Bartlett, one of the Trustees of the University, who wished to rear the most useful and fitting memorial to his son, Frank Dickinson Bartlett, who died while in the midst of his college course at Harvard. Mr. Bartlett's generosity has afforded im mensely greater opportunities for carrying on the work of physical training in the University and for the realization by the student body of a higher standard of physical 328 UNIVERSITY RECORD THE WOMEN'S GYMNASIUM. BY GERTRUDE DUDLEY, Director. According to the statement on the condition of Physical Culture and Athletics published in the President's Decennial Report, the Depart ment was organized in October, 1892, with Dr. Alice Foster, tutor. It is much to be regretted that the records of those first years are incom plete. The foundations laid during that time, however, have made possible a constant growth and development of the work. Compulsory work in physical training began the third week of the first Quarter. Three classes met on three days a week in one of the recitation rooms on the fourth floor of Cobb Hall. Dr. Foster resigned in 1894, and the following fall Miss Kate Anderson was ap pointed instructor, with Miss Stieg as student assistant. From 1894 to 1898 the work con sisted mostly of class work. Athletics had its beginning in basket-ball, fencing, and tennis, which were introduced some time during the latter part of this period. Since the beginning the Department has occu pied many different temporary buildings, and the work offered has been limited by frequent changes and lack of space. Since the fall of 1898 the Gymnasium has occupied six different buildings. In April, 1903, the new Gymnasium in Lexington Hall was opened. Though a tem porary structure, it offers a good, unobstructed floor space 70 x 71 feet, and is partially equipped with new apparatus. Adjoining the Gymna sium is a small turfed field, which is used in the spring and fall for class work and gymnastic games. In October, 1901, a hockey field was laid out on Woodlawn Avenue and Fifty-eighth Street, and in April, 1902, the northeast corner of Marshall Field was inclosed for the use of the women. These give a fine opportunity for outdoor games. In the Autumn Quarter of 1898 a definite plan of work was outlined, which has not been perfectly executed, owing to limitation of space and teaching staff. The plan provided that there be four periods of required work a week, consisting of general class work, athletics, and corrective work ; that the class work be graded elementary, intermediate, and advanced; and that a lesson consist of a run, tactic free stand ing, hand and heavy apparatus work, fancy steps, and gymnastic games, with the inter mediate and advanced classes offering work which would require a higher degree of co ordination and the use of a greater variety of heavy apparatus ; that athletic work be so care fully graded that there would be a game adapted to the physical ability of each student; that all athletic work be elective, subject to the approval of the instructor ; that the educational, sesthetic, and social sides of athletics be emphasized, and the competitive spirit be developed in harmony with them; that corrective work based upon the physical examination be done under care ful supervision; that three physical examina the time of entrance, the second at the end of the first year's work, and the third at the completion of ten Quarters of required work. The plan for class work has been fairly well carried out. The development of the plan for athletics has been less satisfactory, owing to the lack of time and space. In the winter of 1899 the Junior and Senior College basket-ball teams were organized and have played a series of three games annually for the championship cup. These yearly games for the championship are of great interest to the student body. Other games have been offered as time and place allowed. The Junior and Senior baseball teams played for the cham pionship banner in 1903. There have been, also, match games in hockey and tournaments m golf and tennis. The plans for corrective work have been un satisfactorily developed, but this phase of the work is of growing importance. The following tables give a) Staff ; b) Regis tration of students; c) Work offered; and d) Teams, with dates of games and scores UNIVERSITY RECORD 329 * 2 5* tJ o o 2 B CO I-r a . s ,es A llor Just .* 2 t? >-, L. Livermo race Kingsbu u a Frances A Kellor Grace Kingsbu O V ffi o Q CO ^4 8> ST3 H 3 ^ 2 i o3 S3 P=4 o <* Furn orcas Merria u a (A o sn Q ^ w > w _ 8 -sir .2 a < en H a Furn orcas Merria 00 H CU M v a o SQ Q ^ .^co 00 OS 3 PQ HH fl bo o u Ox cu fl ^3 U fr H %< W J-l PQ ON < g u a *fr ^ Q Q S4 I J- C .S'c a o CE <U CO g^ " -s H- < w L ) TABLE B. REGISTRATION OF STUDENTS. Year Winter Spring Summer Autumn 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 19OI 1902. i 1903 150 208 237 231 320 346 443 124 180 215 224 219 319 353 412 '46 63 76 124 87 242 I46 203 237 301 316 360 431 406 486 TABLE C. INSTRUCTION. Gymnastics Athletics. .. Autumn, 1898 General work Simple appa ratus Pulleys Corrective work Basket-ball Winter, 1899 General work Simple and adv. appa ratus work Pulley w'ghts Corrective work Fencing Basket-ball Spring, 1899 General work Apparatus work Corrective work Fencing Basket-ball Tennis Walking Wheeling Rowing Summer, 1899 General work Basket-ball Tennis Rowing Golf Autumn, 1899 Winter, 1900 Spring, 1900 Summer, 1900 Gymnastics General work General work General work General Apparatus Simple and Apparatus work work adv. appa work "Pulley w'ghts Corr. work ratus work Corr. work Pulley w'ghts Corr. work Fancy danc'g Fencing Athletics. .. Rowing Basket-ball Basket-ball Tennis Golf Tennis Golf Basket-ball Golf Rowing Rowing^ Swimming Autumn, 1900 Winter, 1901 Spring, igoi Summer, 1901 Gymnastics General work General work General work Simple appa Simple and adv. appa Simple and ratus work adv. appa Pulley w'ghts Corr. work ratus work ratus work Pulley w'ghts Corr. work Corr. work Fancy danc'g Fancy danc'g Fencing Athletics. .. Basket-ball Basket-ball Basket-ball Wheeling Indoor Indoor Walking baseball baseball Rowing Tennis Golf Rowing Tennis Golf 330 UNIVERSITY RECORD Autumn, 1901 Winter, 1902 Spring, 1902 Summer, 1902 Gymnastics General work General work General work General Simple appa Simple and Corr. work work ratus work adv. appa Fencing Pulley w'ghts Corr. work ratus work Corr. work Fancy danc'g Fencing Athletics . . . Basket-ball Basket-ball Basket-ball Baseball Hockey Indoor Baseball Hockey Golf baseball Hockey Rowing Golf Rowing Swimming Gymnastics Athletics. .. Autumn, 1902 Basket-ball Hockey Rowing Golf Tennis Winter, 1902 General work Simple app. Adv. apparat. Fencing Corr. work Basket-ball Baseball Spring, 1903 General work Simple apparatus Advanced apparatus Basket-ball Baseball Hockey Rowing Golf Tennis Summer, 1903 General work Tennis Hockey Baseball Swimming Year Junior College Posi tion Senior College Score Jr. Sr. Goldstein, Anna L.G. Moore, Ruth Suadener, Julia R.G. Cox, A. B. Rohde, A. ; Sedgwick, ) G.; McGoorty A.;> Munson, E. ; Subs. S Brandeis, H. ; Con- ^lon, M.; Hopps, C. 1903 Vaugh, Ethel C. Tschirgi, Mattie 4-6 Just, M, L. ; Spen- ) Ortmayer, Marie (Capt.) R.G. Goldstein, Anna Murphy, Mary L.G. Dodge, Mildred Roney, Helen ; Mc- \ Subs. S Egbert, L. ; Jaynes, E. ; Elroy, M. ; Cox, E. B. j Arnold, Edith BASEBALL. Autumn, 1903 Winter, 1904 Gymnastics Electives and Athletics . General work Apparatus Pulley w'ghts Corrective Hockey Basket-ball Tennis Golf General work Apparatus Pulley w'ghts Corrective Basket-ball Ind. baseball Ring hockey Fencing Fancy danc'g Adv. app. Year Reds Posi tion Blues Score R. B. Schmidt, B. 1 B. Swanson, G. Daszkiewicz, M. 2B. More, B. Golden, K. 3B. Biegler, M. Millis, V. R.F. Comstock, C. Freeman, H. L.F. Jaynes, K. MacFarland, E. S. S. Munger, E. Price, E. C.F. Bradley E. TABLE D. BASKET-BALL. Year Junior College Posi tion Senior College Score Jr. Sr. 1899 Wayman, Agnes (Capt.) C. Paddock, Carol (Capt.) 6-4 Buck, Hazel L.G. Brehl, Helen Robinson, Ella R.G. Ohrenstein, Eda 1900 Wayman, Agnes (Capt.) Buck, Hazel L.G. Merriman, Dorcas Sweezy, Anne R.G. Bushnell, Grace Ridlon, Hester; Hopo kins,M. ; Biddlecomb, > M.; Hogan, B. ) Subs. 1901 Ashby, Winnifred C. Shailer, Louise a*- 11 Goldstein, Anna L.G. Robey, Ann (Capt.) Wilder, Mabel R.G. Yondorf , Alma Martin E.; Warren, ) Subs. ( McKinney, I. ; Bow- G. ; McBride M. j \ man, C. ; Freeman, E. Year Junior Posi tion Senior Score Jr. Sr. 1903 Daszkiewicz, M. Ortmayer, M. 1 B. Jaynes, Ethel Vaughn, Katharine Wood, C. 2B. Williams, Florence ^B. McCloud, B. Dodge, B. R.F. Tschirgr^M. Golden, Katharine L.F. Berger, Sophia Wilder, M. S.S. Hirsch, Z.. Bensinger, I. C.F. Griffin, Ina GOLF, OCTOBER, I902. Ashley, Frances Just, M. L. Warren, Bertha Cox, E. B. Kiedaisch, Marie Wayman, Agnes Friend, Helen Meyers, Stella Wells, A. P. Hooper, Rena Won by E. B. Cox TENNIS TOURNAMENTS. SPRING, I9OO, Dymond, Edith Landers, M. DeCew, L. Ridlon, Hester Baier, J. Darlington, G. Lackner, J. Hayman, G. Coleman, H. Goodwin, C. Sweezy, Anne Patrick, C. Won by L. DeCew and G. Darlington Cox, E. B. Fay, Agnes Friend, Helen French, Edith Goldstein, Anna Hillman, Alice SPRING, I903, Jaynes, Ethel Just, M. L. Murray, Louise Primm, Clara Reiterman, Alice Rice, Prentiss Rohde*, Alice Spencer, Mary Valentine, Hazel Wilder, Mabel Won by M. L. UNIVERSI1 Y RECORD 331 a c Omitted Omitted Lucinda Buck Hannah Frank s D a o Omitted Rena Hooper Ina Griffin Helen Freeman Clara Peck Ina Griffin P. & O s 1 S aB w 04 w 5 Martha Allerdice Ina Griffin Omitted Marie Ortmayer Ina Griffin w (A w Martha Allerdice Nanna Ostergren Alice Rhode* Katherine McDonnell Marie Ortmayer Irene Bensinger ft. PQ Margaret McBride Mildred Dodge Rena Hooper Katherine Golden Mattie Tschirgi Katherine Golden w Q i Martha Allerdice Nanna Ostergren Katherine McDonnell Alice Rhode* Frances Taussig Ina Griffin Martha Allerdice Lil Stevens Alice Rhode* Frances Taussig Winnifred Mack Hannah Frank w.o n-s co-0 the Department : TABLE E. US DO (0 < 5 '5 to S 0 A 6 (A 1899 228 40 10 25 4 5 1 4 267 1894 374 221 30 40 5 7 6 4 447 PHYSICAL TRAINING IN THE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION. BY CARL JOHANNES KROH, Assistant Professor of the Teaching of Physical Training. The Faculty of the School of Education has taken a pronounced stand in its advocacy of physical training as an element of education. It has conceded its proper place in the general curriculum. Testimony to this effect is pre sented in the announcements of the several de partments, and also in the emphasis of signifi cant commendations by those who have specially interested themselves in its development thus far. The helpful co-operation of the teachers has contributed materially toward the progress of the work. The School of Education embraces a kinder garten, a primary, and a grammar department designated "The Elementary School;" a high school, including a technological department, known as " The University High School ; " and " The College of Education " for the training of The subject of Physical Culture, as presented in the various departments of the school, em from the first rhythmic attempts and plays of the youngest children, through the corrective and developmental phases of the work in gym nastics of the primary and grammar grades, supplemented by the recreation features, to the physical training proper of the University 332 UNIVERSITY RECORD School students in forms of applied gymnastics, and athletics, offering in its entirety the best possible provision for both the theoretical and practical studies of the professional students of the University College of Education. Incident ally, the subject finds its applied emphasis in all the modes of expression. Liberally provided for as regards teaching staff and equipment, this important branch of the University Department of Physical Culture and Athletics is in a position to exploit in the most profitable manner the exceptional oppor tunities offered in the several school depart ments with regard to material and scope of work. The temporary structure used at present was designed as a Gymnasium and Assembly Hall for the convenience of the Elementary School. With the accession of the South Side Academy and the Manual Training School, and their consolidation into the University High School, added accommodations had to be provided. This necessitated a number of alterations.1 The structure was converted into a double gymnasium, consisting of two rooms, each 37 by 60 feet in size, flanked on either side and at one end of the building with offices, dressing-, locker-, toilet-, and shower-rooms. One room only, the south gymnasium, has been equipped with all the apparatus of a modern gymnasium ; the other, the north gymnasium, is provided with a number of " developing appliances/' and apparatus designed for the use of girls. This equipment is being gradually augmented to facilitate the methods in operation under the schedule, which includes between sixty and seventy periods per week, and entails an aver- xThe structure as it stands has proved quite inade quate to the needs of the school. The present schedule requires the use of the two gymnasiums for class, group, and individual work during all hours of the day from 8 a. m. until 6 p. m., the noon hour alone excepted. Elbow room for the athletes, as well as running and other courses, is needed to make the winter indoor training profitable. The locker-rooms are poorly adapted to the purposes they serve. age attendance for the same time varying be tween 2,000 and 2,400. Four periods per week are prescribed for each student, three attendance- records in the technological department being the minimum. Some of the students avail them selves of a fifth period, thus profiting by daily practice and advice. (This schedule does not include the periods of the Elementary School in the gymnasium specially provided for and lo cated in the east wing of the main group of buildings in proximity to the grade rooms.) Four experienced specialists, experts in their various branches, and competent to advise and instruct in all phases of the work outlined in the general plan, comprise the staff of the physi cal training department. The practical and theoretical instruction in physical training in the College of Education is directed by the writer, whose function as Super visor of Physical Training in the School of Education is advisory, the members of the staff directing the work of the departments to which they have been assigned in accordance with the aims and purposes of effective training. Re sponsibility for the methods employed is vested with each instructor, subject to the approval of his respective Faculty branch. Dr. Angus M. Frew, formerly of Colby Uni versity, is intrusted with the direction of the athletics and games, and has charge of the teams of the University High School. has charge of the High-School girls with the co-operation of Dean Robertson, and who, with Dr. Frew, superintends the medical examina is ably seconded by Dean Owen and the Board of Control, consisting of Mr. W. R. Davis, of the Department of English, Mr. W. R. Wickes, of the Department of Mathematics, and by Dr. Raycroft, University Instructor in Physical Cul ture, who elaborated the school's anthropometric scheme and also outlined the procedure for the medical UNIVERSITY RECORD 333 In the Elementary School, as in the profes sional department, the work of physical training in the past has been based on definitely outlined plans. With the readjustment of the instruc tional plans, and owing to the location of the temporary gymnasium, these departments have fallen somewhat short of their regular quota* of physical training, notwithstanding the espe cially provided gymnasium in the elementary wing of the main building. Under the effective leadership of Miss Caroline Crawford, however, and with the completion of a much-needed outfit, the present Quarter promises to equal the past for effective work. Miss Crawford also shares in the work of the pedagogical depart ment, offering courses in " rhythm," children's * plays and games, and in child hygiene. The physical training of the High-School students and of the upper grades of the Ele mentary School is shared in by the other mem bers of the staff, Dr. Pitkin having been as signed the instruction in several of the High School girls' classes, including the team plays of the specially organized sections. The regular work of the Winter Quarter is necessarily limited to indoor training. But with the lawns of the Midway Plaisance front ing the magnificent school buildings, converted into ice fields and tobogganing stretches, un rivaled opportunities for outdoor recreation in winter sports are offered to the students, which are not 334 UNIVERSITY RECORD THE MEMORIAL SERVICE FOR PROFESSOR HERMANN EDUARD VON HOLST.* MEMORIAL SERVICE. Invocation. Scripture Reading. Addresses. President William R. Harper Professor William G. Hale Sermon. Rev. Philip Moxom, D.D. Prayer and Benediction. Cutler At the memorial service held in Leon Mandel Hall in honor of Professor Hermann E. von Hoist, the sermon by Rev. Philip Moxom, D.D., the University Preacher, contained a high and especially appropriate tribute to the qualities and achievements of Professor von Hoist; and the following addresses by the President of the Uni versity and Professor William G. Hale were also delivered : ADDRESS AT THE MEMORIAL SERVICE FOR HERMANN EDUARD VON HOLST. BY WILLI AM RAINEY HARPER, President of the University. It is fitting that as members of the University we should pause a little while, and turn our thought toward a life which, now finished, was a part of our own life. 1 The memorial service in honor of Professor Her mann E. von Hoist was held in the Leon Mandel Assem bly Hall on Sunday, January 31, 1904. On October 14, 1903, in the same place, occurred the formal presentation to the University of Professor von Hoist's portrait, when addresses were made by Julius Rosenthal, Esq., President William R. Harper, Professor J. Franklin Jameson, Pro fessor J. Laurence Laughlin, and Hon. Charlemagne Tower, Ambassador of the United States to Germany. The addresses appeared in full in the University Record for October, 1903. When Mr. von Hoist came to the United States to make Chicago his home, his whole heart was given to the new work. No man among those enrolled in the Faculties of the institution devoted himself more sacredly to the task that had been undertaken of establish ing an institution of higher learning in this city of Chicago. This interest was not confined to the work of his own department. It was a broad interest, and was broadly bestowed. There are many of us who are able still to hear his sonorous voice as it sounded forth in the discussion of some disputed question of general policy. I recall with great satisfaction the many times when, in my office and at his own home, we considered together matters that were of vital concern to the University at large. The lessons of his life are worthy of our consideration. What are they? To me they seem to be suggested by the words " fortitude," " intensity," and " sincerity." It was his char acter that impressed one, even more than the wrords which he spoke. His life was one long, almost unbroken chap ter of suffering, all of which he endured with a fortitude truly stoical. His mind took up the various problems which demanded attention with an intensity which was pathetic, and at times almost tragic. His heart was as pure and clean as that of any man I have ever known; courageous, beyond prudence; sturdy and strong, even as his body was feeble and weak. On a former occasion I have spoken at length ; others will speak this morning. These special exercises are held by action of the Senate of the University, and have been Laughlin, Mr. Jameson, and Mr. UNIVERSITY RECORD 335 MEMORIAL ADDRESS BY THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE UNIVERSITY SENATE, WILLIAM GARDNER HALE, Head of the Department of the Latin Language and Literature. As a member of the Senate of the University from the beginning, and therefore a colleague of Professor von Hoist throughout the whole period of his life here, I have been asked to speak briefly in the Senate's name. Accord ingly, while addressing all present who were friends of his, I speak especially to my col leagues in the various Faculties, and to our stu dents. Many of the former knew von Hoist. None of the latter know him. It is a common place that the generations of university students come and go. In the brief space of four years the best-known face upon the campus may, to the student-body, become the face of a stranger. Not less surely, nor much more slowly, do the generations of university teachers come and go. To the Trustees and Faculty of but a few years hence the name of von Hoist, like the names of many others, would, in the ordinary course of events, become a mere tradition. The Senate of the University, with which von Hoist was most closely associated, and his de voted friends in the city of Chicago, have wished to avert from him this common oblivion. With an impulse to which no dissenting voice was heard, they have desired that, in some conspicu ous place in the University, the figure of the man as he was in the days of his activity should means can make it, of a commanding personality of the earlier years of our history. If it had been possible, the portrait should have been painted by someone who had been a pupil of von Hoist's in the University of Chicago. This could not be. It is fortunate that his friends were able to call upon a gifted German painter, who had sat upon the benches under von Hoist's instruction before he became an American. Portraiture is one of the most uncertain things in human life. An approach to perfection is rarely realized. But, in the portrait which Pro fessor Marr has painted, it is matter for con gratulation that the students and professors of the future will see the salient points of von dor of speech, the impetuous energy. Nothing that I can today say, or that belongs to me at any time to say, can add to the memory thus assured. I speak but for the moment, to pay the tribute of affection and sorrow, on the part of the Senate, to a dead comrade, and to endeavor to place before the minds of the stu dents whom the day has brought together some picture of the qualities of the man. His story is one of struggle, of suffering, of a high idealism, of an indomitable will. His active life opened in storm and stress. It is characteristic of the man that his first writing, after his doctor's dissertation, should have been a political pamphlet upon the meaning and les son of the attempt of a Russian revolutionist, in the previous year, 1866, upon the life of the Czar. A wise warning made von Hoist leave the country. His fate turned upon the action of that moment. Delay would have meant Siberia. One shudders to think how quickly the fires of his frail body would have been quenched in that stern land. An unknown grave would have been the early end of the man who, by a kinder fate, became the historian of American consti tutional liberty. It was no accident that made him turn to this country. For, though by birth a Russian, and by blood a German, he was at heart an American. He belonged in spirit, though born a few years later, to a band of strong men who brought the best of German philosophical liberalism to the service of this country, and whose contributions to it in its later struggles for the perpetuation of freedom can never be adequately told. Von Hoist was obliged to cross in an immi grant vessel, and was forced for a time to earn his living as a day-laborer. No bad preparation was thus made for American 336 UNIVERSITY RECORD In this brief time von Hoist had shown the character which we who knew him love to recall. Already he had seen clearly, and had spoken without fear. And already he had risen above bodily weakness and discouragement. It is not my purpose to narrate his life fur of a university professorship, his refusal of calls to two universities in this country, his acceptance of an invitation to be one of the heads of depart ments at the opening of the University of Chi cago, his years of work here, his heroic struggle with failing health, his collapse. The main pur pose of my speaking is rather to enable you to see the man as, in the last months of his illness, he, with the same dispassionateness of vision that had always marked him, saw himself. I could, of course, do this only in his own words. He has made it possible. In answering the letter in which Professor Laughlin, representing the colleagues of von Hoist in the University Senate and his friends in the city, asked him to sit for his portrait, he stated the reasons for his accept ance. His letter is an intimately personal one. But I am speaking in our own circle. Further more, in this very letter he sent us personal messages. I shall therefore read the part that concerns the acceptance of the invitation: Your letter was brought to my bed one morning. I read it without anybody being near me to watch me, and when I came to the paragraph concerning the por trait, tears started into my eyes and coursed down my I do not care a whit. If they were in my position, they they would. No, my dear friend, you need not fear that my " modesty " will interfere with the project of those in whose cause you speak. But I owe it to myself, and to those whom you and Mr. Priissing represent, briefly to state why I shall, if possible, most willingly lend my self to their wishes. has nothing whatever to do with it. This is entirely a thing of the past, not because I have grown so virtuous, but solely because vanity has with me no longer any object whatever, since I am irretrievably and completely thrown out of active, nay of all real, life (excepting only through my family and a few old friends who will persist for the last blast that will uproot it. I think I should always have been conscious how far the intended honor was beyond my desert, and now I certainly realize it to the fullest extent. But my " modesty " is not entitled to any voice in the matter. It is solely for my friends to ask themselves and decide the question whether and why my memory should in this way be connected with the University of Chicago. I have the right "to look at the question from an entirely different point of view, and I avail myself of this right. Nearly a year ago my son induced me to talk to him about my philosophy of life. I told him : The deeper the shadows grow and the nearer the last hour draws, the more one becomes satisfied that all one has enjoyed, been striving and craving for, has after all, in the main, two things are steadily gaining in reality and convincing one more and more that, in spite of all, life is worth living : earnest work, honestly done, and directed toward received. Now, this being my view of life, your project proves to me that I have not lived in vain. For though, owing to the state of my health, I have never given the University of Chicago what I ought to have done, those best able to judge have received the impression that I have earnestly tried to do the best I could under the cir cumstances; and even those with whom I have come into no, or little, personal contact have a little spark, if not of love, at least of personal attachment for me, because they knew and felt that my heart was with them and their work. Now, they could not have conferred a greater boon upon me. Tell them that, all of them ; they have ministered to me a more effective medicine than anything any physician could have ordered me, and from the depth of my heart I shall be grateful to them for that to my last hour. And here let me add yet one word. What poor, dull psychologists have been those who so often, and in unmeasured terms, have accused me of being a bad, supercilious " foreigner," enjoying to run them down and calumniate them ; nay, a traitor who ought to be hunted with dogs from the University and out of the country. Ever since I came to the United States in 1867 I have been sincerely attached to the country and to the people, and now I have become a better American than I have been ever before. I should not hesitate for a moment to return to the United States, if I could at all live in that climate; nay, probably if there were but a possibility of making the journey. But that is absolutely out of the question. It is now even as good as certain that I UmVERSIlT RECORD 337 shall most like^ stay till they carry me " feet foremost " out of the house, though I feel myself to be an exile. Yes, if my friends should hang up my portrait some where in the University, it will be the portrait of a true American, true to the core of his heart, though born in Russia and awaiting his supreme hour in Germany. If I have often hit the Americans so hard, I have done it because I loved the country and the people so truly and so deeply. Yes, that tell in my name, to the friends proposing to act with you: if they propose to put my portrait as a sample for the students to look upon and to draw some inspiration from, do not let them do it as that earnest man working with enthusiasm for high ideals, and a true, ardent American, never shunning the most venom ous denunciations by the passions of the hour, if his con science bade him raise his warning voice against what he deemed of detriment to the country. In these last words von Hoist refers to the bitterness of a discussion in which he, with many others, deplored the departure of the coun try from what they believed to be its truest and highest and most distinctive traditions. Time alone will show whether, out of what these men lamented as evil, good will ultimately come. But, even today, there is no man that knew von Hoist, no matter how strongly disagreeing with him, who would see in what he then said any thing but the inevitable expression of a passion ately sincere, and wholly brave, nature. There was in his case no division between the enter taining of a conviction and the performance of any duty which that conviction might enjoin. Even in matters of comparatively small im portance this was true. To his quick perception nothing was trifling; everything in life was fraught with hope or with danger. Those of us who shared in the discussions in the Senate and Faculty in the early years of the University remember well this trait of his. His intensity of nature made him almost terrible in debate. When he arose to speak against a pro jected measure, one had before one's eyes a vivid picture of what the Hebrew prophets must have been. Von Hoist's purpose was, indeed, like theirs. Severely as he could denounce, he was no blind pessimist. He was rather a fighting optimist, recognizing evil and resisting it, in the profound belief that it could be overcome and destroyed, and that his business was to do what ever in him lay toward that destruction. This, coupled with a deep underlying modesty, which shows itself in his letter, was his most characteristic trait ; and it is, happily, the trait that looks at us from the portrait. It seems at first thought curious that he does not include it in the philosophy of life which I have quoted from his letter. But this very omission springs from his singleness of nature. He has declared that there are two things that make life worth living : earnest work directed toward high ideals and aims, and love. But in his thoughts, as I have already said, there could be no division between an ideal and any duty, whether of action or of speech, that flowed from it. And so I take leave of him. In the shadow of the approaching end he has told us what, as he looked back, he had found to be true. He has attained the great certainty. But whatever he has there met, he has had no part of his creed for human life to unlearn. THE FUNERAL OF PROFESSOR VON HOLST AT HEIDELBERG, GERMANY. A letter from Associate Professor Camillo von Klenze, of the Department of Germanic Languages and Literatures, who was the Uni versity representative at the cremation of the remains of the late Professor Eduard von Hoist, states that the ceremony took place at Heidel berg on Saturday, January 23, at 2:30 p. m. It was a simple but impressive one. Mrs. von Hoist and her two children, Mr. Hermann E. von Hoist and Miss Marie von Hoist, were present. Professor Marx, successor to Profes sor von Hoist in the University of Freiburg and now of the University of Heidelberg, 338 UNIVERSITY RECORD a short address. He was followed by Professor von Klenze on behalf of the University of Chi cago; and an address was also made by Pro fessor von Czerney, rector of the University of Heidelberg. About thirty persons were present at the ceremony, the United States government being represented by the consul at Mannheim and the vice-consul at Heidelberg. THE TENTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO SETTLEMENT. On January 27, 1904, the University of Chi cago Settlement celebrated its tenth anniversary in the Settlement gymnasium. The program and the audience were significant in illustrating the two salient features of the Settlement policy : that of developing fellowship between the workers of the academic world and the workers of the industrial world; and that of unifying the heterogeneous nationalities of the Stock Yards community. The celebration was ar ranged by a committee appointed by the Settle ment Council, this Council being composed of representatives from the adult clubs. Miss Mary E. McDowell, Head of the Settlement and its oldest resident, presided. Miss Caroline Blinn, the historian of the evening, came to visit the Settlement nine and a half years before and accepted an invitation to become a perma nent resident. Miss Blinn has given her heart and her thought, with her best efforts, toward develop ing the clubs and the social life of the Settle ment; and her appointment by Judge Tuthill as probation officer for the Stock Yards district has given her a work that she seems especially fitted for. This appointment has made her guardian of over two hundred and fifty of the juvenile court wards, whom she visits at their homes, their work, or their school. Miss Myra Reynolds, Head of Foster House at the University of Chicago, gave reminiscences of the first days of the Settlement; for it was she and Professor J. Laurence Laughlin who selected the site for the Settlement, and Miss McDowell as the head resident. There were present at the anniversary many members of these first clubs organized by Miss Reynolds, Miss Williamson, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Montgomery, Mrs. George E. Vincent, University circle. Letters and telegrams were received from Mr. J. W. Million, president of Hardin College, Missouri; Mr. Joseph Whitfield, of Washing ton; Mr. Briggs, of the Charleston Normal School ; Miss Louise Montgomery, of Welcome Flail, Buffalo; Mr. Clyde Walker, of Colorado Springs; and many others who were pioneer teachers, club leaders, and members. The singing by the Young People's Chorus, and the playing of the Mandolin Orchestra, as well as the song recital by Mrs. Samuel Wright, showed the wide range of musical taste on the program. The second part of the program was unique, and suggested that the decorative poster wearing so gracefully and harmoniously the red, white, and blue, with the legend on either side of "God hath made of one blood all nations, was indeed the symbol of a reality made possible by such gatherings. The center of this part of the program was a large birthday cake decorated with eleven colored, unlighted candles, each candle to be lighted by a well-wisher of the Settlement, and the wish given to the audience. The first candle was lighted by Professor Henry R. Hatfield, and a wish given in behalf of the University Settlement Board ; the second wish was offered by Mr. Nicholas Geir, President of the Packing Trades Council. The wish of the Settlement Woman's Club was given by Mrs. Fred Bensel, its secretary, and that of the Bohemian Wo man's Club, by its president, Mrs. Felix Janov- sky, in the Bohemian UNIVERSITY RECORD 330 Mrs. Charles R. Henderson, for the Univer sity Settlement League, gave one of her happi est speeches. The wish of the Young Women of the Settlement was told in an original poem by Miss Wagner. Miss Maude Sutter, for the Working Women of the Union Stock Yards, whom Miss McDowell had assisted in organiz ing into a most successful union, wished that the Settlement might remain for years to come, and that their friend, Miss McDowell, might always be with them. Mr. Edward Gerth, president of the Alliance Club, said the wish of the young men was that the time might come when they would be strong enough to pay the running expenses of the gymnasium. Mr. Paul Bart, for the Settlement Athletic Association, said his club wished that harmony and good-will should prevail, and that all should work together for the good of all. The foreign peoples of the community were represented by Mr. Joseph Bauer, for the Ger man neighbors ; by Mr. Brooman, for the Finn neighbors; and by Mr. Elias, for the Lithua nians. Both of these last well-wishers gave their wishes in their native tongues. Dr. Zu- rowski, for the Poles, hoped that for many years to come the Settlement would be a center of education and friendliness to all the foreign peoples ; and he expressed his gratitude for the hospitality that had made possible a Polish edu cational work, started nine years ago at the Settlement. The Young People's Chorus sang a labor lying religious motive that has inspired every effort of the Settlement. At the end of the program the Settlement Fife and Drum Corps of working boys marched in, playing a martial air that called to action any idealist that might have been dreaming of "some far-off divine event." During the social hour that followed, friend ships were deepened between those from the University who had the social sense, and those of the Settlement who were touched with the spirit of brotherhood; for, as the Kentucky mountaineer says, "Mixin' larns both parties." When the tenth birthday party closed, the guests left in the assurance that the Settle ment was no longer an experiment, but was worthy of the new building for which contracts had just been signed. THE ANNUAL MEETING AND REPORT OF THE WOMAN'S UNION. The annual meeting of the Woman's Union was held on January 20, 1904. The constitution was amended by changing the number of vice- presidents from two to three, and by making the president of the Woman's Athletic Association and the secretary of the Women Students' Chris tian League members of the Council. The following were elected officers for the year 1904: Harris, Miss Verna Moyer. Dudley ; Membersnip, Miss S. P. Breckinridge ; Enter tainment, Miss A. S. Thompson ; Music, Miss L. G. Lar- rabee; Philanthropic, Miss H. K. Becker; Hospitality, Miss H. D. Woods; Lunch-Room, Miss L. L. Just. REPORT OF THE SECRETARY. The secretary of the Union, Miss Ethel Jaynes, submitted the following report for the year 1903 : The annual meeting of the Union comes to us as a New Year's day, on which to look back over the past, to stop a moment for a bit of introspection, that we may define our purposes, and see how far our activities have fulfilled these purposes, and gain suggestions for more helpful work in the future. We started the last year in our quarters in the Disciples' Church, Lexington Avenue and Fifty-seventh Street, with the following officers : Duaiey ; Membership, Miss S. P. Breckinridge ; Enter tainment, Miss G. L. Chamberlin ; Music, Mrs. R. G. Moulton ; Philanthropy, Miss Frances Taussig ; Hospi tality, Miss Flora Weil ; Lunch-Room, Mrs. Carl Kinsley ; Finance, Miss Isabelle Webster. Changes have been made in the officers dur ing the year as follows : Miss Comstock resigned her office of vice- president, and in May Miss Ballou was elected to fill the 340 UNIVERSITY RECORD Miss Richardson resigned as Secretary No vember 2, and Miss Ethel Jaynes was elected to fill the vacancy. Mrs. Moulton resigned as chairman of the Music Committee; Miss Ashcraft was elected m February. Upon the resignation of the latter, Mrs. Gale was elected in March; and at Mrs. Gale's resignation, Mrs. Jameson was elected in November. Miss Taussig resigned as chairman of the Philanthropic Committee in November, and Miss Becker was elected to take her place. Miss Weil resigned as chairman of the Hos pitality Committee, and Miss Woods was elected in November to fill the vacancy. Mrs. Kinsley resigned as chairman of the Lunch-Room Committee, Mrs., Jackman suc ceeding her in May ; upon Mrs Jackman's resig nation, Miss Lulu Just was elected. The following officers were elected tempo rarily for the Summer Quarter: Prentiss. There have been three general meetings of the Union, one each Quarter, the Summer ex cepted, to discuss plans, and to give a chance for the expression of the wishes of members. Starting from such general ideas, it has been the work of the members of the Council, the officers, and heads of committees to make defi nite plans for action. Such plans have been car ried out through the several committees, and through sub-committees elected by the Council to take charge of special affairs. The Council itself has had ten meetings. The detailed work will be given in the reports of the committees. The Union is now starting on its third year. We have moved from the cozy, but somewhat cramped, quarters in the little church, to our rooms in Lexington Hall, where with the recep tion rooms, and the use of the lunch-room and library, we are able to attempt what before was impossible. When the lunch-room was opened to all women of the University, that feature was no longer a chief function, and the Union could therefore give its attention more fully to dis tinctively representative affairs. What were these to be? This question made us turn to the very foundation of our organization to see why we existed ; for, although the place of the Union in the varied activities of University life was gradually being defined, yet there was, and is, need for very careful adjustment. Thus far there seem to have been three gen eral needs: (i) It was necessary, with so large a membership, that there be opportunity given for members to come to know one another, and hence the affairs simply for members. (2) Situated as we are in a great city, we have advantages for a much broader experience than just that of the life at the University, but such advantages must come most successfully through some organization, and the Union has endeavored through its Philanthropy Commit tee to offer these opportunities. (3) There has long been felt a lack in the life of students at our University, because, as a general thing, it was possible at best to have simply casual acquaintances with instructors and their fami lies, and hence was lost that something that comes from personal association which is the heritage of the students of smaller or older colleges. The Entertainment Committee had, in this last, a problem difficult to handle. As to how all these needs have been dealt with, the detailed reports of the committees which follow will show: REPORT OF THE TREASURER. THE WOMAN'S UNION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, IN ACCOUNT WITH RUTH HARDY, TREASURER. DR. To cash paid custodian $152. 50 To cash paid for printing 65 . 64 To cash paid for postage, stationery, magazines, etc 67 . 83 To cash paid for piano 65 . 50 To cash paid for entertainments 36. 11 To cash paid for membership in Municipal Art League 2.00 To cash paid for membership in Consumers' League 1 . 00 To cash paid for gift to Women Students' Chris tian League 20 . 00 $821.99 Balance to new account 140. 74 $962.73 CR. Balance from January 1, 1903 $ 97.68 Dues ".._... 34^-50 Gift from Mrs. Young 9. 00 Gift 4-34 Lunch-room, including share of custodian's salary 358.87 Sale of invitation cards 1 . 09 Special gifts for furnishings 150. 25 UNIVERSITY RECORD 841 REPORT ON THE LUNCH ROOM. Mrs. Harriet Buckly Kinsley reported for the lunch-room as follows : Receipts Expenditures Profits January, 1903 $141.07 $120.99 $20.08 February, 1903 117.26 109.71 7.55 March, 1903 127. 11 109.47 17.64 Balance to new account $45-27 The Lunch-room report, from April 1, 1903, to January 19, 1904, was presented by the Bur sar, Miss Ruth Isabel Johnson : RECEIPTS. Lunch-room $2,133.55 Catering 136.20 Union (custodian's salary) 57. oq Miscellaneous 19 . 94 $2,346.69 DISBURSEMENTS. Supplies ..$1,292.47 Service 562 . 59 Advanced to Union 282 . 40 Miscellaneous 48 . 00 $2,185.46 Banalce on hand $ 161.23 THE HOUSE COMMITTEE. The report of the House Committee was pre sented by the chairman, Miss Gertrude Dudley : The detailed work of the House Committee is given under the reports of the various subcom mittees. Only the general outline of its work appears in the following report: On February 27 the Union moved from its first home in the Disciples' Church to the rooms at present occupied in Lexington Hall. The furniture used in the church had been loaned to us by the Women Students' Christian League, and upon moving into Lexington iiey needed it for the furnishing of their own room. We Through the energy of our president and the chairman of the Membership Committee, the University and friends of the University became interested in the Union, and sufficient money was contributed to furnish the room in part. During the year the Council has at various times voted money for furnishings; the casts, table linen, chairs, and the fern were purchased with these funds. From the beginning the room has been sup plied with the daily paper and the monthly magazines, and the desk furnished with sta tionery. The room has been open the whole of each college day, and tea always served at four o'clock. Besides this, the room has been used evenings by many University organizations. In the fall the Conference of Women Deans held its after noon session here. Shortly before Christmas there was a six-day exhibit of Consumers' League goods. The lunch-room with its larger accommoda tions has been able to offer a greater variety of menus. With the opening of the lunch-room to all women of the University, more help was needed, and in the spring an assistant was engaged. The lunch-room also caters for many of the evening parties. THE ENTERTAINMENT COMMITTEE. The Entertainment Committee reported in brief through the chairman, Miss G. L. Cham- berlin, as follows: Visits to artists' studios ; addresses on " French Schools for Girls," by Miss Elizabeth Wallace ; " Con sumers' League," by Mrs. Florence Kelley ; " European Classical Schools," by Mrs. Paul Shorey and Miss Susan H. Ballou ; " The Responsibilities of the Shopper," by Miss Annie M. MacLean ; " Pottery and Porcelains," by the University Dames ; " Recent Excavations in Egypt," by Professor J. H. Breasted ; " Mural Painting," by Mrs. D. H. Perkins ; " The Education of Women in Russia," by Professor Milyoukov ; " How to Enjoy a Symphony Concert," by Miss Anne Shaw Faulkner ; " The Learned Woman in Early English Comedy," by Miss Myra Rey nolds ; music by the Freshman Girls' Glee Club, Miss Webster, Miss Eleanor Culton, Mrs. Louise Hess-Fuchs, and others ; exhibit of art rugs ; receptions to incoming and to graduating students ; visits from Professor and Mrs. John A. Hobson and Mr. Sidney Lee, of England; reception to Miss Julia Marlowe ; reading by Miss Lorena King; entertainment for three hundred Chicago high- school girls ; entertainment for the children of the Uni versity Settlement; Mother Goose party for faculty chil dren ; Thanksgiving spread ; Christmas party ; series of daily afternoon teas for six weeks, under the auspices of members of different departments of the University and their wives ; organization of basketry work ; minuet dance by members of the School of Education. THE MUSIC COMMITTEE. The report of the Music Committee for the Autumn Quarter was made as follows by the chairman, Mrs. J. F. Jameson: It was not deemed advisable to have music for the girls at the noon hour, as it was thought they preferred to rest or talk with their friends. During the month of October the committee arranged two musical programs for the recep tions. Mrs. Newman Miller kindly played one afternoon, and Miss Hadley and the chairman of the Music Committee gave violin and vocal solos another 342 UNIVERSITY RECORD In the early part of November, with the aid of two students, a set of six college songs, or glees, was arranged to be sung by all the girls, and these songs were printed on slips of paper and distributed. On two occasions the girls were given some assistance in practicing these songs for the Thanksgiving party. THE COMMITTEE ON HOSPITALITY. The report of the Committee on Hospitality was presented by the chairman, Miss Halle D. Woods : The work of this committee has consisted largely in appointing members to assist at the afternoon receptions by serving at the tea table and acting as a reception committee. Another phase of the work has been to appoint members to take charge of the rooms daily between the hours of twelve and two. The rooms are usu ally crowded at this time, and it was thought well to have some one present to give a general supervision to the rooms, and to answer any questions in regard to the Union and its work. Since moving into Lexington Hall, tea has been served each afternoon between four and five o'clock. This is proving a very pleasant feature of the life of the Union, and one usu ally finds a little group present at this hour. THE FINANCE COMMITTEE. The chairman of the Finance Committee, Miss Isabelle Webster, reported that efforts had been made to increase the fund for furnish ing the room. THE MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE. The chairman of the Membership Committee, Miss S. P. Breckinridge, reported the member ship as follows : Annual Quarterly Total Winter Quarter, 1903 245 38 283 Spring Quarter, 1903 237 25 262 Summer Quarter, 1903 226 8 234 Autumn Quarter, 1903 284 14 298 THE PHILANTHROPIC COMMITTEE. The work of the Philanthropic Committee was reported by Miss Henrietta K. Becker, as follows : giving instruction and entertainment at the Settlement. Membership in this subcommittee carries with it membership in the Settlement tion of the aesthetic interests in the Union. About twenty-five members were enrolled, and visits to galleries and studios, and addresses by artists and art critics, were arranged. Miss Becker was made a delegate to the Municipal Art League of Chicago. has been given in cases of illness or distress among the women of the University. exhibit of Consumers' League products was given in the Union room, and addresses were made for the purpose of arousing interest in methods proposed for the protection of women and children engaged in factory and shop work. REMARKABLE DISCOVERIES IN THE FIELD OF PALEONTOLOGY. Among the material obtained by the field parties of the Department of Paleontology of the University of Chicago the past season in western Kansas and Texas are several speci mens of unusual perfection and value. One of these, from Kansas, is a specimen of a bony fish quite complete, measuring more than fifteen feet in length as it lies in its chalky matrix. It is scientifically known as Portheus molossus, and is by far the most complete large bony fish ever collected. It will be mounted as a wall slab in Walker Museum. Another specimen from the same fields is that of a swimming reptile, or mosasaur, of a hitherto undescribed species, the most complete specimen of its kind ever dis covered. The specimen measured twenty-one feet in length, and had every bone of its skeleton in place, or nearly so. With it were preserved not only the remains of the animal's food, but also impressions of its scaly covering and fossil ized pigment of its skin, showing the color mark ings of the animal when alive. The specimen is so perfect that it is proposed to mount it after the manner of a recent skeleton, the first time anything of the kind has been attempted with such specimens. Both of these specimens were discovered by Mr. E. B. Branson, Fellow in Paleontology. Another specimen of extraordinary interest is a skeleton of one of the earliest land reptiles known, collected for the University in the Per mian fields of northern Texas by