Wtft Bailp iHaroonVol.37. No. III.UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, WEDNESDAY. MAY 19. 1937Price Three Cent*The Fire^Burning^(This, the fourth of a series ofopinions incited by President Hutch¬ins' “The Higher Learning in Amer¬ica," is written by. Martin Gardner,voted outstanding student in thePhilosophy department last year.Gardner terms himself as “an ama¬teur Platonist, attempting to steerbetween the Scylla of Karl Barth andthe Charybdis of Karl Marx, into, nodoubt, the placid seas of WilliamJames."Contributions to this open educa¬tional forum should be kept within600 words.)* * •By MARTIN GARDNERAn interesting and ancient methodof unifying a university is to bind ittogether by a theological or meta¬physical system to which all the fac¬ulty members subscribe by commonconsent or (as in certain fascist coun¬tries) by coercion. In the case of thesecular university in America, how¬ever, this method of ordering a com¬munity of scholars is impossible sincethere is manifestly no philosophicsystem upon which the scholars canagree. They do agree upon the valueof the scientific method; and uponthis agreement the American secularuniversity has been built. Each de¬partment operates within its own cellof knowledge, employing its ownterms and techniques and basic prin¬ciples. Among these departments isthe Department of Philosophy. Itsunique duty is to handle the basicprinciples of the departments, analyzetheir meanings, and seek to integratethem into some kind of whole. Un¬fortunately the sort of “whole” thatemerges varies from one universityto another, and considerable disagree¬ment is usually displayed within anyone Department of Philosophy. Thislack of agreement among the expertsrenders the Department relatively im¬potent, therefore, as a source of au¬thority regarding the o^ering ofthe scholarly community. Conse¬quently the University is left to moveforward as best it can, its unity de¬rived chiefly from the prevailing em¬pirical attitude.« * *In which of these two approaches,which we may term the absolutisticand the pragmatic, lies the conceptionof an ideal university advanced byPresident Hutchins? I shall venturethe thesis that it lies within thepragmatic approach, but with an im¬portant shift of emphasis.In order to understand this shift ofemphasis it is necessary to understandthe evil which has descended uponpragmatically organized education.This evil is the evil of vicious em¬piricism. It is a matter of history.The disciples, freed from the burdenof an imposed metaphysics, began amad scramble after facts. Instead ofcooperating among themselves andwith the Department of Philosophy inan attempt to correlate their knowl¬edge, they isolated themselves and de¬veloped private langua^'^s. The Uni¬versity rapidly became a confusionof scientific tongues—an enormousTower of Babel. To make mattersworse, the love of money entered thearena and departments took on theaspects of vocational training insti¬tutions. And where was the Depart¬ment of Philosophy, the great analjrz-ing and correlating body of scholars?Nobody knew or cared.Over against this undisciplined em¬piricism President Hutchins has pro¬posed the wildly reactionary and me¬dieval notion that we seek a returnto philosophy. Now it matters not atall how you define the word. Hutch¬ins chose to call it metaphysics. Ifyou wish you may side with the posi¬tivists in thinking of philosophymerely as a broader aspect of science.I should imagine that a universityordered by common consent about thephilosophy of logical positivism (thatpoint of view which most prides itselfupon its abandonment of metaphys¬ics) would adequately fulfil most ofHutchins' proposals* 4> *President Hutchins has suggestedmany ways in which a return to phil¬osophy might be instigated. Onewould be to recognize the existenceof the Department of Philosophy, andof the philosophic attitudes whichlie implicit and unnoticed within the|(ContiniMd on page 2)Choose Team ofFifteen Womenfor Spelling BeeA team of 15 University womenwill compete tomorrow eveningagainst a group from Bryn Mawr Col¬lege in the NBC Spelling Bee overWENR and the NBC Blue networkfrom 10 to 11, Joseph Wechler, man¬ager of the University Radio Studios,announced yesterday.The match was originally schedul¬ed with Vassar, later changed toMount Holyoke for unannounced rea¬sons, and Bryn Mawr was finally sub¬stituted. Prizes totaling $95 will beawarded by NBC to the ultimate win¬ner of the meet, to the winner oneach team, and to the runners up oneach team.Paul Wing, NBC spelling masterwill conduct the program, with theChicago girls speaking from theNBC studios in the Merchandise Martand Wing and the Bryn Mawr girlsbroadcasting from the studios ofWFIL in Philadelphia.Members of the University teamwill be Jean Gayton, Elizabeth But¬ler, Mary Ranney, Doris Gentzler,Pauline Willis, Elizabeth Cannon,Jacquelyn Aeby, La Verne Riess,Mary Diemer, Freyda Penner, MarciaLakeman, Zelda Teplitz, ClaudiaKnight, Annette Ivry, and ElizabethAustin.The Spelling Bees are a regularNBC feature, usually broadcast eachThursday evening from 9:30 to 10:30.Publish First Issueof ^Current Titles’,Biological JournalThis week marks the first apear-ance of “Current Titles from Bio¬logical Journals,” a new journal ofscientific periodical bibliographies,fostered by Dr. Roland Kuhn, in¬structor in Bacteriology. The intro¬ductory series of issues will appearmonthly until December, when reg¬ular publication will commence.The new periodical is intended tobe of use to research workers in thebiological sciences, since it will carrythe tables of contents of over 260scientific journals. Thus the scient¬ist can find articles pertaining to hisparticular research problem almostimmediately, without spending valu¬able time in searching for it in li¬braries.Included in the list of publicationswhose tables of contents are repro¬duced in “Current Titles” are thoseon anatomy, histology, embryology,bacteriology, immunology, publichealth, parasitology, tropical medi¬cine, pathology, physiology, biochem¬istry, and pharmacology. There willalso be represented Journals cover¬ing the general field of biological sci¬ences.Wagoner Arrangesfor DA InitiationNext WednesdayArrangement for the initiation ofnew members into the Dramatic As¬sociation, scheduled for next Wednes¬day, are well under way, Robert Wag¬oner, newly elected president, an¬nounced yesterday.The initiation is to be in the PhiKappa Psi house, and will be preced¬ed by a banquet. Aileen Wilson,president of Mirror, and Mary PaulRix, chairman of acting, form thecommittee in charge of preparationsfor the banquet. Robert Harlan,Hugh Campbell and Lewis Miller arethe members of the committee incharge of issuing invitations to thosewho are eligible for the initiation.Anyone who has participated in anyof the plays as either actor or behindthe scenes is eligible.The program for the evening is tobe prepared by Wagoner with a num¬ber of assistants. The same eveningwill see the installation of the newofficers of the Association by themembers of the retiring board, head¬ed by President Bill Beverly.It is expected that about 150 per¬sons will attend the banquet which isscheduled to start at 7.The occasion is the only time of theSear new members are admitted tol^e association.Celli DancersPresent Balletin Mandel HallRenaissance Society Spon¬sors Noted Danseuse To¬night.Vincenzo Celli and his troupe willpresent the second annual ballet ofthe Renaissance Society this eveningin Leon Mandel Hall at 8:15.Signor Celli is an exponent of theclassic ballet technique. He was pre¬mier danseuse at La Scala in Milanfor a number of seasons, and was thepartner of Pavlova in London. Hepersonally trained all the membersof the troupe and created all thenumbers.A new ballet, “Song WithoutWords,” has been composed especial¬ly for the Renaissance Society, andwill have its first performance to¬night. It has two divisions, “FirstLove” and “First Death.” The latterwill be performed by Signor Celli andEloise Moore, a prominent Chicagodancer.No Accompaniment“Song Without Words” is beinggiven without accompaniment. Theidea of dancing without music cameto Celli after the phenomenal successof the first part of a program givenin Orchestra Hall on April 25. Dueto a misunderstanding of daylightsaving time, his accompanist did notappear until more than an hour af¬ter the performance was scheduledto start. But the audience was en¬thusiastic about the dancing alone.. Among the members of the troupeare girls from the studio of MabelCatherine Pearse. They are PeggyGoodman, Martha Howe, Nancy Platt,daughter of Professor Platt of thegeography department, Jean Guida,Rose Senese, and Adelyn Russell,whose father is a trustee of the Uni¬versity.Tickets for gallery seats are stillavailable and will be sold at the boxoffice before the performance.Bursar OfficiallyRejects Petition ofWaiters for a RaiseWilliam Mather, Bursar and assist¬ant secretary of the Board of Trus¬tees reiterated the position thatthere would be no immediate increasein the wages of the student workers Iin the University cafeterias in an of¬ficial statement answering the peti¬tion of 46 waiters from HutchinsonCommons and the Coffee Shop.The text of Mather’s statementruns as follows:“Food costs have increased morethan 45 percent during the past fouryears. Despite this advance in foodcosts, prices at the Commons have in¬creased only 7 percent during thisperiod, including the 3 percent salestax, which is in keeping with the es¬tablished policy of serving studentswith a high quality of food at thelowest possible cost. This was madepossible through improvements inequipment, operating economies andcareful selection of menus.Plan Wage Increase“Wages paid by the Commons havecompared favorably with those paidfor similar types of work in the Uni¬versity community but in makingplans for the new year beginningwith the summer quarter—it was de¬cided that the time had come for ad-i justing wages and making the cor-(Continued on page 3)"iHutchins Speaks to CampusLeaders on 'The University’ .at Maroon Banquet TonightSpeaks TonightSociety OrganizesGroup to ExploreNavajo TerritoryFour men from the University maybe selected as members of the expedi¬tion being organized by the AmericanExploration Society for explorationand scientific field work in the north¬ern Navajo country in Arizona andUtah this summer, according to Fay-Cooper Cole, chairman of the depart¬ment of Anthropology.Special training is not necessary,although preference will be given tostudents or instructors who have hadsome experience in field trip^ Appli¬cants must be interested in engineer¬ing, archaeology, geology or one ofthe biological sciences, and should seeDr. Cole in room 225 of the SocialScience Research building as soon aspossible.The expedition will explore, map,and study an area of about threethousand square miles in one of theleast known portions of the UnitedStates. Penetrating as far as possibleby motor, a portion of the party willproceed by pack train to NavahoMountain and the Rainbow Plateau.Transportation to and from theSouthwest is provided by the expedi¬tion, and the rest of the expenses, aswell as the work and the benefits, willbe shared by the members of thegroup on a cooperative basis.Cole, Deuel LeadAnthropology Tripto Indian MoundsUndergraduates in the departmentof anthropology will get their firstintroduction to field trips tomorrowwhen Fay-Cooper Cole, .chairman ofthe department, and Thorne Deuel,research associate in anthropology,lead a two-day dig in the Indianmounds of Beloit, Wisconsin.Twenty students, who are advisedto be well fortified with breakfast,will leave in automobiles from theSocial Science Research building at7:45. Trucks carrying equipment foropening the mounds have alreadygone ahead.According to Deuel, all that isknown about the mounds is that theyare probably Indian burial moundsof the type common in northern Illi¬nois and southern Wisconsin. Mem¬bers of the expedition will look forimplements that may have beenburied in the mounds with their own¬ers, by staking out the mounds andthen cutting through in five-foot sec¬tions.Two graduate students, AlexSpoehr and Roger Willis, will assiston the trip.Robert M. HutchinsExplains to undergraduates hisideas for future of the Universityat Maroon banquet.Give TwilightConcert TodayBand Hears Speakers atProgram in ColfeeShop.Following the first twilight concertof the University band to be giventonight at 7 in Hutchinson court, pre¬sent and former bandsmen will assem¬ble in the CJoffee Shop for a smoker.A variety of features has beenworked out for the evening by thetemporary officers of the band, head¬ed by Hilmar Luckhardt, president.Clark Shaughnessy, football coach,Leon P. Smith, Assistant Dean ofStudents and Head Marshal, HowardMort, director of the Reynolds Cluband former director of the Univer¬sity Band, Charlton Beck, executivesecretary of the Alumni Council andeditor of the University of ChicagoMagazine, and Rollin T. Chamber-lain, professor of Botany, have beeninvited to attend and give informaltalks on subjects of their own choos¬ing.Arrangements have also beenmade for the showing of moving pic¬tures of the band in parade at lastfall’s football games. Paul Wagner,who filmed the shots, will be on handto show them. Of additional inter¬est should be a talk on the history ofthe University Band prepared byRobert Miner, who has attempted tofollow the careers of men in the bandthroughout the years.Radcliffe-Brown Looks Forward toIntroducing Anthropology to OxfordDaughters of SwedenAward ScholarshipFor the seventh consecutive year,the American Daughters of Swedenare presenting a University scholar¬ship to a woman student in the Cookcounty region.Gladys Shellene of Austin highschool has been granted the scholar¬ship for the year 1937-38. Require¬ments for eligibility state that atleast one parent of the applicant mustbe of Swedish descent and that theyoung woman stand high both inscholarship and leadership in hergraduating class.“I’ve very rarely stayed at any oneplace for more than five years, so,much as I have enjoyed being at theUniversity of Chicago, I think it’sabout time for a change,” said Al¬fred Radcliffe-Brown, for the last sixyears professor of Anthropology here,in an interview yesterday. At theend of the quarter he will leave forEngland, where he will be professorof social anthropology at Oxford Uni¬versity.At present there is no departmentof anthropology at Oxford, althoughthere is one at the London School ofEconomics, where Radcliffe-Browntaught in 1909, and at Cambridge,where he received his B. A. degreeand took optional graduate work inanthropology. The general board ofOxford is now considering organiz¬ing a department to coordinate thework of the various anthropologylecturers.English SystemUnder the English university sys¬tem, Professor Radcliffe-Brown ex¬plained, the department would begoverned by a committee with nospecial head, and would be a part ofthe faculty of the biological sciencesinstead of the social sciences. He ex¬pects few grants for research, sinceEnglish universities are far less lib¬eral on this point than Americanschools.A good deal of his work at Oxfordwill be lecturing to men preparingfor colonial positions in Malaya andAfrica. The British colonial office re¬quires that these administrators havea year of training at Oxford or Cam¬bridge in social anthropology.Because of these training coursesand because Africa is one of GreatBritain’s largest colonial possessions,Radcliffe-Brown anticipates trainingmany students for research amongthe African tribes. He already hasa good base for research connectionsin the School of African Life andLanguages which he started in Cape¬town, South Africa, 16 years ago.Some of his former students have re¬cently published a book on researchfindings there.Chinese ResearchHe is also interested in research inChina, and hopes to be able to gothere soon. Out of his six years atthe University, he spent six monthsthere.“English universities may be con¬sidered conservative,” he stated,“due to their reluctance to recognizenew studies such as sociology andpsychology, but they are also farmore democratic than American uni¬versities. Oxford has no president,but is governed by a board appoint¬ed by members of the Council, agroup composed of everybody whohas taken his M.A. degree at Oxfordand is in the town.”“To take the place oi the presi-(Continued on page 3)Few Tickets Still Availableat Maroon Office, Infor¬mation Desk.About 200 students prominent incampus activities will gather this eve¬ning to hear President Hutchins dis¬cuss “The University” and the fu¬ture of activities on the campus atthe Daily Maroon banquet in Hutch¬inson Commons at 6:30. Tickets arestill available at the Maroon officeor the Information desk, and a fewwill be on sale at the door.The speech is to be unreported sothat President Hutchins will feel freeto speak his whole mind without fearof publicity in the metropolitan press.Since the President is to be theonly speaker of the evening, the ban¬quet should be over early enoughfor study for those oppressed bythe proximity of exams.Student QuestionsStudents who have questionswhich they would like the Presidentto answer in his speech may bringthem to his attention by submittingthem to Julian Kiser, editor of TheDaily Maroon, at the banquet. ThePresident will answer whichever ofthem he chooses.The banquet is modeled after onesponsored by the Maroon three yearsago at which the President spoke.The affair provides the only formalcontact of the current academic yearbetween the undergraduate body andthe President. It was arranged toprovide the President with an oppor¬tunity to make clear to the studentshis ideas for the future of the Uni¬versity, as distinguished from hisplans for the ideal University, out¬lined in his “The Higher Learningin America.”Seats will not be reserved, withthe exception of a few tables whichgroups have reserved. The Presidentwill be introduced by Julian Kiser.Initiate 57 NewMembers to SigmaXi, Science SocietyFifty-seven science students of theUniversity were initiated last nightas members of Sigma Xi, honoraryscientific fraternity. Of the group,twenty-one who last year were nom¬inated for associate membership on“promise of research ability” achiev¬ed full membership; sixteen otherswere elected to associate membership,and sixteen including two UniversityClinics staff, who had not previous¬ly been named associates were in¬ducted as full members because of re¬search achievements.Chicagoans transferred from asso¬ciate to full membership were: VanVernon Alderman, chemistry; Samp¬son Isenberg, chemistry; Jule Kit-chell Lamar, zoology; Paul OrmanMcGrew, geology and paleontolog;y;Walter Edwin Mochel, chemistry;Julian Alphonse Otto, chemistry; Al¬phonse Pechukas, chemistry; DavidChantrill Spaulding, chemistry; Wil¬liam Gordon Straitiff, chemistry.Out of Town InitiatesOut-of-town members transferredfrom associate to full membershipwere: Elizabeth Studley Brown, zool¬ogy; Herzl Cohen, chemistry; WilliamSchlei Cook, botany; Helmut MaxEngelman, chemistry; Michael Ter¬ence, Jr., physics; Bertrand FeredayHarrison, botany; Naomi Mullendore,botany; Durey Harold Peterson, bio¬chemistry; Raymond George Spencer,physics; Kathryn Elizabeth Staley,botany; Jacob Uhrich, zoology, andChi-tung Yung, botany.The two members of the staff ofthe University Clinics elected to fullmembership on the basis of researchperformances were: Dr. FredericEastland Templeton, assistant profes¬sor of roentgenology, and Dr. Wil¬liam Joseph Noonan, Billings Hos¬pital. Others of the Chicago regionare: Ruth Irene Barnard, anatomy;Ina Corinne Brown, anthropology;Gayles Newbold Hufford, botany;Donald Patten MacMillan, chemistry;Raymond Jacob Mesirow, chemistry;Clarence Burt Odell, geography; Rob-(Continued on page 3)Page TwoTHE DAILY MAROON. WEDNESDAY. MAY 19. 1937dfifF iatly UtaraonFOUNDED IN INIMember *>i«ociated Collegiate PreasThe Daily Maroon » the official student newspaper of theUiHyersity of Chicago, published mornings except Saturday. Sun¬day, and Monday during the Autumn, Winter, and Spring quartersby The Daily Maroon Company, (831 University avenue. Tele¬phones: Local 46. and Hyde Park 9321 and 9222.The University of Chicago assumes no responsibility for anystatements appearing in The Daily Maroon, or for any contractentered into by The Daily Maroon. All opinions in The DailyMaroon are student opinions, and are not necessarily the viewsof the University administration. •The Daily Maroon expressly reserves the rights of publicationof any material appearing in this paper. Subscription rates:t2.75 a year; $4 by mail. Single copies: three cents.Entered as second class matter March 18, 1903, at the post officeat Chicago, Illinois, under the act of March 3, 1879.)L..-RtseNTCO FOR NATIONAL AOVERTISINO BTNational Advertising Service. IncCollege Publishers Representative420 Madison Ave. New York, N.Y.Chicago . boston - San FranciscoLos ANGELES • Portland • SeattleBOARD OF CONTROLJULIAN A. KISER Editor-in-ChiefDONALD ELLIOTT Business ManagerEDWARD S. S.TERN Managing EditorJOHN G. MORRIS. Associate EditorJAMES F. BERNARD.Advertising ManagerEDITORIAL ASSOCIATESBvrniceEameUBartelsDeadmanEdward Fritz William McNeillEl Roy GoldiiiK Betty RobbinsCharlesRoyBUSINESS ASSOCIATESMarshall J. StoneEDITORIAL ASSISTANTSJacquelyn Aeby Lome Cook Harry LeviBarbara Beer Judith Graham Seymour MillerHarris Beck Aimee Haines LaVerne RiesaLaura Bergquist David Harris Adele RoseMaxine Biesenthal W'allace Herschel Leonard SchermerButh Brody Rex Horton Douglas ^’^reBUSINESS ASSISTANTSEdwin Bergman Alan Johnstone ' Howard GreenleeJarome Ettelson Max Freeman Edward GustafsonDoris GentzlerSTAFF PHOTOGRAPHERSDavid Eisendrath Donal HolwayNight Editor; William McNeillAssistants: Carol Maginnis — Jack CorneliusWednesday, May 19, 1937New Techniques in EducationElxtensive discussion during the past sixmonths of whether or not particular subjectmatters would assume their rightful place inthe University if President Hutchins’ viewsgained majority sanction has obscured one ofthe real educational problems which is indi¬cated by implication, if not explicitly, in thePresident’s analysis.^ ft ^Judging not only from his citing study of theclassics as the proper content of college edu¬cation but from his past practice in teachingthe classics in collaboration with AssociateProfessor Adler, any extensive introduction ofthe President’s plan of general educationwould mean radical departures from the pres¬ent scheme of lecture, discussion, and com¬prehensive examination.Using as his point of departure the maximthat no teacher can teach the student what hecannot learn for himself, for six years Hut¬chins has conducted his “Classics of the Wes¬tern World” class by a question and answermethod which is so impartial that the studentis frequently at the end of the year in com¬plete ignorance of Hutchins’ own position.Punctuating questions with remarks like“Come clean, Mr. X’’ or “Act your age, MissY”, the President has occasionally pushed stu¬dents to knowledge through the gentle art ofleading questions; he never uses the moreobvious bludgeon of lectures.What are the advantages of the questionand answer technique? Of outstanding signi¬ficance is replacement of emphasis on memor¬ization by emphasis on understanding. AClassics of the Western World” student maynot remember for examination purposes thataccording to Aristotle a tragedy “is an imita¬tion of an action” etc. However, he will un¬derstand what “an imitation of an action’’signifies. Of almost equal benefit is the con¬sequence that education is made active in asense which most students never realize untilthey enter graduate seminars. Memorizationalthough not emphasized, becomes easier be¬cause what the student is forced to say in hisown words he retains. Further he is pushed toan exactitude of oral expression which at firstleaves him resentful and later leaves him edu¬cated.Against these advantages must be posedthe disadvantage that to conduct classes in thisway takes time. If students have not readbooks assigned or what is still more commonif th^y Kav» not read them well, discusaioiiBiii'tirii--'- .......turn out to be fruitless. “The teacher cannotteach the student anything which he cannotlearn for himself.” But if students have readwell, discussions can prove to be the moststimulating experiences which they have whileat the University. It is nevertheless true, how¬ever, that progress in the beginning must benecessarily slow, involving long discussion ofseemingly trivial points.What lessons can the College draw fromthe question and answer technique eventhough the curriculum remains essentially un¬altered? Primarily the conclusion that withthe same energy that is now expended in pre¬senting the program of survey courses a muchbetter educational job could be done. Fac¬tual material could and should not be dupli¬cated in lectures and books; facts which arenot readily available in texts could and shouldbe written up in syllabi. Lectures, tradition¬ally processes by which the notes of the in¬structor pass into the notebook of the studentwithout passing through the minds of either,would be replaced by planned discussions,designed to bring out the significant interre¬lations of facts and ideas.What is the problem which such generalchange would initiate? Primarily securing asufficiently intelligent student body and a suf¬ficiently intelligent corps of instructors. Stu¬dents would not read and hear the same facts;members of the faculty would have to knowhow to ask questions and penetrate to essen¬tials.—E. D. G.The Travelling BazaarMAILOccasionally we get letters from prospectivesaviours of the world. Sometimes they are wellfounded in principle. But none can compare withthe lengthy epistle we received several weeks agofor originality of approach.The spelling and punctuation are the author’s.Dear Sir;IF our YOUTH really desired to do some realgood, they should enter the fight to curb the gn:ow-ing degeneracy of Tobacco—DOPE, which in India,China and Japan (I have travelled in those coun¬tries) thinks worse DOPE than the Opium, andMarihuana, which U. S. is trying to keep out, butDoes not fight the worse tobacco—dope, on which iteasily gets $500000000. yearly revenue for lettingour foolish people Dope with NICOTINE (alkaloidof tobacco) deadly Dope most poisonous known tomedicine. Few cigarettes used 50 yrs ago, but1936 U. S. Used 150 Billion (and paid $3i4 Billiondollars for tobacco in year of hard-times “WHY?)and many more girls and women have taken up thehabit and future generation will be much worsethan the present BAD one. (Tobacco-degenerated)In 50 yrs, with increased use of girarettes, ChicagoJuvenile crime increased more than 800%, and inlast 16 yrs average age of crime (Chicago) camedown from age 28 to nearly age 18, yet our “Goodpeople will not actively fight tobacco-dope. Evenyour University (so I understand) is a “hot-bed” oftobacco-using (and probably some use other DOPEtoo.) Most of our Y. M. C. A. buildings are “hot¬beds” of tobacco-dope. Few Churches fight the useof tobacco,*and so present evils will grow worse. Useof liquor came back as I had predicted it would be¬cause we had not GOTTEN rid of tobacco FIRST.I predicted more than 50 yrs ago, with increasinguse of tobacco we would become Dope-using Na¬tion but our good people gave no heed. Today weuse more other-dope than all Rest of the world com¬bined”. Get busy and fight tobacco, if you wouldbecome a real Saviour of our Youth.Your truly—* * mEnclosed was a pamphlet from the Boys and GirlsAnti-Cigarette League at 58 West Washington, afolder concerning “Halley’s Pocket Bible Hand-Book, and an article on “The Cigarette—The Cock¬tail, Twin Evils of the First Magnitude.”Much as we hate to get smoke blown in our face,we still think things of this sort are only a symptomof the peculiarity of the time. And in many South¬ern states evolution is never mentioned in the class¬room.* * *BOUQUETHave you seen Photo-History? It’s one of the newmushroom crop of magazines, but it’s not just an¬other. It’s a quarterly, and deals with only one'sub¬ject in each issue, the first being “War in Spain.”With no advertising to interrupt the view, it treatswith fine photography in Life size pages practical¬ly every aspect of the Spanish situation.« ♦ «GRIPEWe don’t see why the Quadrangle Club doesn'thave the good taste to plant a high hedgerow alongthe sidewalk boundary of its tennis courts if itsmembers continue to flaunt their barren lower ex-i tremities to the public eye.The Fire=Burning=(Continued from page 1)disciplines. If we must have a di¬versity of creeds (and we must) letus at least understand that diversity,i^nother proposal would involve thesubversive tactics of forcing studentsto have some training in philosophybefore they began divisional work. Inaddition, Hutchins would give all stu¬dents a general education which,strangely, would involve some knowl¬edge of our intellectual heritage.Someone once asked H. G. Wells whenhe thought civilization began. He re¬plied that it began when it first be¬came possible for mankind to producesteel in large quantities. In onesense, of course, Wells is right. Inanother sense, and it is the sense wehave forgotten. Wells is wrong.Hutchins is reminding us of this fact.Dewey was correct then. In finallyconcluding that Hutchins had notraised a basic issue. That is, he hadnot suggested a new metaphysicalbasis for the ordering of a university.On the other hand, the question ofwhere an emphasis should lie can he avery pressing one. Should the univer¬sities be actively engaged in a searchfor philosophic unity, or should thesearch be made only half-heartedly?It is this question of emphasis that isthe thesis of Hutchins’ evangelisticplea.* * *If this analysis is correct, an in¬triguing, though perhaps irrelevantquestion now rears its head. Whydid President Hutchins, who is wellaware of the nature of words, insistupon employing the word “metaphys¬ics,” a word so loaded with tradition¬al connotations? One can, of course,only speculate. Perhaps the Presi¬dent, fascinated by the vitality of theThomist revival, was making a nobleconcession to a neglected portion ofcontemporary thinkers. More likely,he had in mind the galvanizing ef¬fect, like the jab of a hypodermicBLUE BUD CAFENow in Their New Homeat7009-11-13 Stony IslandAvenueformerly at8327 South Chicago Avenue jLUNCHEONSDINNERSBEVERAGESMrs. Emma McFadden |invites you.ISpecial AttentionParties IITel.: Dorchester 8227 ^WOULDN’T IT BE WISE TO SET UP A RESERVE FORTHE DEPRECIATION OF HUMAN LIFE VALUE NOW?Bill Walling, Ph. B. ’33Paul Whitney, Ph. B. ’36CONNECTICUT GENERAL LIFE INSURANCE CO.1 N. LaSalle Street Randolph 8440needlCi the word might have upon edu¬cators so immersed in statistics andobjectivity that they have forgottenthat behind their denial of metaphys¬ics lies a definite and dogmatic pointof view, as old as the Greeks and old¬er. Then too there is something curi¬ously humorous about the fact th^tthe President of the great midwestmecca of pragmatists should be lec¬turing in terms that ring with Thom-istic overtones. And the Presidenthas a sense of humor.DREXEL .sTOToday**The Soldier and the Lady”*‘Hips, Hips, Hooray!”Frolic Theater55»h & ELLIS AVE.Today and Tomorrow“DOCTOR’S DIARY”"CLOISTERED”Friday and Saturday“When’s Your Birthday?”“Mr. Deeds Goes to Toinm”\Warner Bros.LEXINGTON THEATRE1162 E. 63rd St.Today and Tomorrow“WHEN’S YOURBIRTHDAY?”“CLOISTERED”Friday and Saturday“BROADWAY BILL”“MR. DEEDS GOES TOTOWN”continuance. It consists oi giving a little more goodsthan are paid for; the gift is “lagniappe."When you buy a railvray ticket or pay a freight bill, you purchase acertain amount of transportation—no more, no less. But the railroad is ahuman institution; its workers want you to know that they appreciateyour patronage and hope you will come again. This feeling they showby special attention to your needs—inother words, by the true “lagniappe” ofcourtesy and cordiality.You will remember a railroad for thelittle things that contribute to youi peaceof mind—the convenience, speed andsafety of your freight, the pleasant word,the information, the pillows, the extracup of coffee on the diner. We on theIllinois Central sum it up by calling ours“The Road of Cordial Service."IN PARTING . • .It has been a reminder of my studentdays to talk this year to studentsthrough these advertisements. Manyhave submitted essays in our contestand are now awaiting the results to beannounced before June. The Tllinoi*Central will welcome opportunitiesto serve your travel needs duringthe summer vacation. And may thatvacation be a pleasant one for you all.PlMldMltluiNois amuL systemAN ILLINOIS RAILROAD—t ,THE DAILY MAROON, WEDNESDAY, MAY 19, 1937Page ThreePlaysThe ThingBy JAMES BERNARD* * •Katharine Cornell, the most distin¬guished actress of the American stage,is now appearing in the Grand OperaHouse for a limited engagement intwo unusual and contrasting plays.Maxwell Anderson’s tragedy, “TheWingless Victory” and BernardShaw’s “Candida,” She gave the An¬derson drama for the ffrst time lastwinter and then revived the Shaviancomedy in her New York repertoryseason.Cornell’s first role in the theaterwas as the mother in the Japaneseclassic, “Bushido.” She had fourwords to speak. Always since thenshe has wanted to play another ori¬ental character. As the Malay prin¬cess in “The Wingless Victory” sherealizes this ambition. The story tellsof Nathaniel McQueston, a New Eng¬land sea captain who marries theMalayan and brings her to his homein Salem, Massachusetts. The nativesleague themselves against her and en¬deavor to drive her from the town.* ♦ *“Candida” was written forty yearsago and is regarded as a modern“classic,” It is one of the two or threeplays by the genial Irishman that isgenerally conceded to be of such qual¬ity that it will outlast his lifetime.“Candida” relates the story of thewoman who was loved by her parsonhusband and a young poet. It is awise and human comedy and a back¬ground for one of Miss Cornell’sbest roles.Guthrie McClintic staged bothplays. Jo Mielziner designed the set¬tings and costumes for the Andersondrama and Woodman Thompson thoseof the Shaw comedy. McClintic hasdirected all of Cornell’s productionssince “The Green Hat.” He also stag¬ed “Winterset” year’s prize win¬ner, and “High Tor” and “Hamlet”John Gielgud’s starring vehicle inNew York this season.* * «“The Wingless Victory” follows theexample of Eug^e O’Neill’s “Mourn¬ing Becomes Electra” since it trans¬lates the Greek myth into Americanterms. The Greek tragedy to whichmany critics have likened the playis Euripides “Medea,” the famousdrama depicting jealously at its ut¬most. The basic theme of the Ander¬son vehicle is racial prejudice as asoil for tragedy when a mismating ofbreeds occurs in a setting hostile tosuch hybridization. According to cur¬rent reports Cornell’s speech, as aMalay woman so outraged by her dis¬loyal spouse and his unscrupulouscountrymen that she is ready to runamuck, is the most stirring and out¬standing work by the beloved actress.« « «Anticipating Decoration Day week¬end, the Harris Theater presents“You Can’t Take It With You,” inthree matinees; on Saturday, May29, Sunday, May 30, and Monday,May 31.The fact that the Pulitzer Prizefor “the best American play of 1936-37” was recently awarded to “YouCan’t Take It With You” has givenadded incentive for attending thisdelightful comedy by Moss Hart andGeorge S. Kaufman. And, as far asChicago is concerned, this is the firsttime that the play receiving the Pul-iter Prize has been playing here atthe time the award was given.The universal appeal of “You Can’tTake It With You” may be account¬ed for by the fact that the famousSycamore family whose antics formthe greater part of the two and a halfhours of fun, is typical of almost anyaverage American family. True,there may not be so many zanies inevery family, but there is at least onemember who bears a decided resem¬blance to one of the Sycamores. Asthe audience comes out after each per¬formance, one can usually hear suchcomments as “Doesn’t Mrs. Sycamoreremind you of Aunt Alfalfa?” or “Iwant Percy to see this play. Say, kid,he’s Mr. Kirby, himself!”Brown(Continued from page 1)dent there is a vice-chancellor, a po¬sition which is given in rotation tothe heads of the different colleges.A fairly recent development,” he con¬tinued, “is the establishment of col¬leges for women.”Pointing out further differencesbetween English and American uni¬versities, Radcliffe-Brown said thatEnglish students might choose an or¬dinary B.A. degrree, correspondingto a liberal arts course, or an honor¬ary B.A., for which there is noAmerican equivalent. Under such acourse, students specialize from thebeginning, and may end up with adegree which is the equivalent of aninferior B.A, at Chicago or of a minus the research.The value of the degree is deter-1mined by what class the graduate israted in. In Oxford there are threeclasses; in Cambridge, nine. Anotherdifference is the use of the tutorialsystem in England.Sigma Xi(Continued from page 1)ert Bernard Portis, pathology; Wil¬liam Loyal Simpson, anatomy, andArthur Charles Woernet, anatomy.Out-of-town people elected to fullmembership are: Mary Eleanor Blish,pediatrics; Edwin George GarlefEbbighausen, astronomy; GeorgeHartley, Jr., pathology; William E.Martin, botany; Charles Joseph Migh-ton, chemistry.Research StudentsThe sixteen young researchers se¬lected for associate membership in¬clude seven from the Chicago region.They are: James Conger Braddock,zoology; Adolph Hecht, botany; Nor¬man Carl Krause, chemistry; ToiwoEdward Liimakka, zoology; MurraySenkus, chemistry; Leon Srole, an¬thropology, and Heinze Weinberg,chemistry.Others named for this honor are:Mary Allison Bennett, zoology; Wal¬ter Samuel Crewson, geography;Jane Elizabeth Hamilton, physics;Gertrude Antoinette Heidenthal, zo¬ology; Ralph Otto House, chemistry;Walter Hugh Hoskins, bio-chemistry;Elizabeth Anderson Lyle, botany;Ernest Max May, chemistry; andSara Jones Tucker, anthropology.Mather(Continued from page 1)respondingly necessary increase inselling prices. For student workersthe increase planned is from 40c to45c per hour in meal tickets, andfrom 35c to 40c per hour in cash;for day workers from $2 and mealsto $2.25 and meals. Appropriate in¬crease will also be made for otheremployees.Barring further increases in foodcosts, this adjustment will require anincrease in meal prices to the stu¬dent of from 3c to 5c per day.”This statement was distributed toall the waiters in the Commons at aspecial staff meeting last night, andwas received with little comment.The petition, signed by all but fiveof the 51 waiters of Hutchinson Com¬mons called for an immediate raiseof 20c per hour for part time stu¬dents. A committee was appointedto conduct negotiations with Math¬er.The committee yesterday express¬ed confidence in the managers ofthe Commons. “We feel that bothMiss White and Miss Foley have giv¬en us the finest of treatment in thisand all matters,” said a representa¬tive.At first composed of three mem¬bers, it was enlarged yesterday toinclude ten of the waiters. Furtheraction will be in the hands of thecommittee, and plans are vague asyet. The waiters contend that theirdemands if met would not raise foodprices as much as Mather contendsthey would.RETORT COURTEOUSEditor,The Daily Maroon:The desire of your correspondent“J.G.M.” for a change in the admin¬istration of Ida Noyes Hall wouldcarry greater conviction if it werenot supported by so many misstate¬ments and misrepresentations. If anew social era is desired, the way isnot through enabling the men, “malestudents” to adopt the Maroon’s ter¬minology, of the University to escapethe payment of small fees at the Rey¬nolds Club by using the free facil¬ities of Ida Noyes Hall and therebyexcluding women for whom they havebeen provided or by having it usedby non-University members of theneighborhood to save the costs ofplaces of public entertainment as Isnow done.Mr. Noyes made his gift for theuse of the women of the University,not as a second men’s club house, butmen have always been welcome asguests of the women in such ways asthe women students have determined.Very truly yours,Marion Talbot.Today on theQuadranglesMEETINGSAchoth. Room A of Ida Noyes at3:30.Advisory Council. Private Diningroom of Ida Noyes at 3:30.Wyvern. Alumnae room of IdaNoyes at 3:30.Faculty Lunch. Private Diningroom of Ida Noyes at 12.BWO. Alumnae room of Ida Noyesat 12:30.Women’s Federation. YWCARoom of Ida Noyes at 4.Spanish Club. Alumnae room ofIda Noyes at 7.Deltho. Room A of Ida Noyes at7.LECTURES“The Cooperative Movement. Co¬operative Marketing by Farm Organ¬izations.” Professor Paul Douglas.Art Institute at 8.MISCELLANEOUSUniversity Film Society. “TheCrazy Ray” with Rene Clair. Inter¬national House at 3:30 and 8:30.University Band Concert. Hutchin¬son Commons at 7.Renaissance Society. Vincenzo Cel-li Ballet. Mandel Hall at 8:15.Jewett Bible Reading Contest.Bond Chapel at 4:30.CARBURETORYELLO-BOLENew way of burning tobacco—better, cooler, cleaner. Car¬buretor-Action cools smoke. Keeps[ bottom of bowl Absolutely dry.Caked with honey. At dealers’ now.LATEST DISCOVERYIN PIPESIANNUALMAY SALEBooks — StationerySporting GoodsTypewritersITHE SALE OF REAL BARGAINSIt Starts Today — Make Your Selections Now6 LARGE TABLES OF BOOK BARGAINS1. Drama and Poetry 10 to 20% Discount2. Many, Many Subjects 39c ea.3. Fiction 29c ea.4. Art 20 to 50% Discount5. Gardening 20 to 50% Discount6. Reprints, Remainders, PrivateLibraries 25 to 60% DiscountAlso,STATIONERY, TENNIS RACKETS,TYPEWRITERSHUNDREDS OF BARGAINSWoodworth’s Book Store^1311 E. 57th St.jNear Kimbark Ave.IOpen EveningsPhone Dorchester 4800Qllfj iailg HarnnnBANQUETTONIGHTin Hutchinson Commons at 6:30President Robert Maynard Hutchinswill speak off the recordon“The University”TICKETS $1On Sale atMaroon Office - Information Desk - Judson Court OfficeInternational House Cashier - Reynolds Club DeskThe UNIVERSITY FILM SOCIETY PRESENTS ANOTHER GREAT FILM REVIVALFrance*s Most Heralded Director RENE CLAIR*S First Work“THE CRAZY RAY”TODAY t: 3:30 and 8:30at INTERNATIONAL HOUSE THEATREesterfields willgive you MORE PLEASUREMiiiCitfiMialiilllbiifliiyiliiHutchins Talks ■at Grid Dinner;Says Football Will RemainIntegral Part of Uni¬versity.President Robert Maynard Hutch¬ins of the University last night wonthe acclaim of 35 candidates for the1937 grid team, at a grid banquet inInternational House.At an “organization” dinner, de¬signed to discuss plans for the com¬ing season, Hutchins announced thatif he has anything to say about thematter, football will not only bemaintained as a part of the Univer¬sity program, but that the team willcome out of its slump and in futureyears be among the contenders forBig Ten honors.The President also opined that theUniversity is not yet an educationalinstitution in the highest sense of thephrase. He maintained that he isstriving towards an end, and that itwill be attained only when the “stu¬dent’s life is made hard.” He addedthat when he accomplishes this ideal,football will remain, and be an in¬tegral part of the system.Following Hutchins’ short talk.Captain Fitzgerald and CoachShaughnessy stressed the need of ap¬pearing at the opening practice inexcellent condition in order to makeup for the lack of spring training.Football prospects for the next sea¬son are far from bright. Good back-field material is on hand in Sherman,Hamity, Goodstein and Lehnhardt,but the line, particularly at center andguards, is almost wholly lacking inexperienced material. At best theteam’s performance will be ragged atthe start of the season.Postpone Rifle ClubTournament DeadlineCompetitors in the Rifle Club’s100-shot prone club championshipwere given a week longer in whichto fire their record targets. The con¬test was to have closed Monday.Rachel Reese leads the feminineshooters with a score of 977 from apossible 1,000. Fred Klein leads allentrants with a 990 score.CLASSIFIED ADSREWARD for return of wir§-hair-ed terrier, strayed from 5638 Ken¬wood. Call Fairfax 5539.Aroma is half thepleasure of smokingChesterfield’s aroma is DIFFERENT•••more like it better.That’s because of the way we blend andbalance Chesterfield’s mild ripe home-growntobaccos and aromatic Turkish tobaccos... andbecause the Chesterfield paper is PURE andbums without taste or odor.Copyriaht 1957, Liccmr & Mvits Tobacco Co.Page FourDAILY MAROON SPORTSTHE DAILY MAROON, WEDNESDAY. MAY 19, 1937White Will Pilot BallSquad for 1938 SeasonPlayers Choose Bernardas Most Valuable Play¬er.Frenchy White, stellar short stopand letterman of the past two years,was chosen by his team-mates to pilotthe Maroon baseball squad during the1938 season. Meeting Monday night,the team also chose center-fielderMilton Bernard as the most valuablemember of this year’s squad.White has contributed greatly toMaroon baseball strength with hissuperb fielding, and is ranked as oneof the outstanding short-stops in theBig Ten circuit. Although his bat¬ting is not up to last year’s average,he has often been mentioned as play¬ing a type of ball up to the standardsof professional teams.“Frenchy” came to the Universityfrom Oak Park w’here he also starredon the high school team. He bats andthrows with his right hand.Pie-a-la-Mode WinsBernard is one of the most con¬scientious members of the team. Tak¬ing a great deal of kidding from theother players, he always comes uplaughing and gives the team a lot ofspirit. This year he gained immor¬tality in Maroon baseball circles whenhe attributed the team’s loss to NotreDame to the fact that there had beenno pie a-la-mode for lunch. When theIrish came to Chicago, Mike had hispie with ice-cream and the Maroonscame out on top.Bernard comes from Boston andplayed his last year of varsity ballthis season. He had a great year inthe field and at the plate. In thegame with Purdue, he banged outseven hits out of eight times at bat.Net Squad Leavesto Compete in BigTen ChampionshipsIj Lead by Captain Burgess and ac-I companied by Coach Hebert and MaxDavidson, the Maroon tennis teamleaves late this afternoon for Ann Ar-[ bor, Michigan, where they will at¬tempt to crush the Champion Wild¬cats in the Big Ten championshipmatches to be held tomorrow, Friday,and Saturday.With Burgess w'ill be Bickel, Chetand Bill Murphy, Shostrom, andKrietenstein. Burgess and Bickel mustfinish their bachelor’s examinations,while the two Murphys must completea College comprehensive before theycan leave.The first singles and, possibly, thefirst doubles brackets will be seeded,while the rest of the pairings will bedrawn when the coaches meet tonightat Ann Arbor. The leading propon¬ents of the seeding method areCoaches Hebert of the University andBennett of Northwestern. This meth¬od will insure the meeting of the twostrongest teams in the finals insteadof in the earlier rounds and will makethe meet much more interesting.Hoosier FlashDon Lash. Threatem Big Ten record.Olympic Athletes Compete forConference Crowns at Ann ArborBy WILLIAM GRODYWhen the curtain rises on the 37thannual Big Ten Track and FieldChampionships at Ann Arbor Friday,there will be present one of theyear’s finest assemblages of starsand probably the strongest group toever enter the meet.Four Olympians and three world’srecord holders will head the list offavorites competing. Probably themost outstanding of these is DonLash, Indiana’s “Iron Man,” world’srecord holder in the two mile runand Conference champion in both theone and two mile distances.Lash Threatens RecordLash’s two mile mark of 8:58.4which he set in the Princeton Invita¬tion Meet last year still stands asthe fastest ever run outdoors. Sincehis time of 9:19.8 which holds theBig Ten record is considerably slow¬er than that, it will not be surprisingto find a new mark recorded Satur¬day.In the mile race the “Iron Man”from Indiana will have his eye on ajunior from Wisconsin, Chuck Fen-ske, who twice already has crossedthe tape before him in Conference imeets. jOther Olympians who are entered jinclude Dave Albritton, Ohio State’s!high jumper who place second in the iOlympic games. Tommy Deckard, In-!diana’s great distance runner, andSam Stoller of Michigan, a memberof the sprint relay squad that travel¬ed to Berlin.Albritton Is also the co-holder ofthe outdoor high jump record of 6ft. 9% in. His teammate Mel Walk¬er has already equalled that mark atthe Butler Relays so a battle is sureto ensue between the two stars.Owens MUaingNoticeable by his absence will beOhio State’s great Negro star, JesseOwens, who during the past twoyears won the sprints, low hurdles,and broad jump. In the 1936 meethe set three world’s records and tiedanother in these events.With Owens gone the naming ofthe outstanding all-around competi¬tion will be a difficult task. Judgingfrom performances the mostpromising candidates appear to beBill Watson of Michigan and BushLamb, Iowa’s defending champion inthe javelin. The former is strong insuch field events as the shot put, dis¬cus, broad jump and high jump. Lambhits his high in the javelin, highhurdles, and jumps..This year four schools will battlefor the Big Ten title which was lastcaptured by Indiana. The Hoosiersstill have a powerful team but theirsupremacy will be hotly contested byMichigan, Ohio State and Wisconsin.Maroon Golf MenRecord More HighScores in TourneyAt the completion of 72 holes ofplay the Maroon golfers still foundthemselves far behind the leaders inthe Conference golf championshiptournament. Only one man. BobSampson, was able to record a scorebetter than 80 in • the final tworounds.Sampson’s two scores of 88, 87give him a 72 hole total of 337 whichone stroke better than Bill Webbecould do. Webbe coupled finalrounds of 88, 83—171 for a 338score. Jim Goldsmith completed theday with 172, two strokes better thanhe did in his first rounds.Incomplete ScoresAlthough the complete scores re¬corded by Captain Hi Lewis and JackGilbert were not obtainable lastnight, their morning rounds of 89and 93 respectively indicate that finaltabulations will find their standingsno higher than that of other mem¬bers of the team.Northwestern dominated the tour-j nament play by placing two of its menI among the leaders. Richardson con-I tinned his superior play to finish with1 75, 78—148 and capture the title' with a final total of 301. His team-j mate Captan Klastacky won thirdI spot with a 306 score. Second place' was won by Davids who used up 305, strokes.