mversity nicago magazine CONTEMPORARY ART FOR YOUNG COLLECTORS XXXvXXX OX XliXOX Designing woman? Yes indeed, but in a most admirable sensé. As a member of the General Motors design team, she is preparing sketches of a steering wheel for a future GM car. Like her maie associâtes on GM's Styling Staff, she is fully qualified and compétent to design consumer products in any field. General Motors hired its first woman designer more than 20 years ago. Originally color and fabric consultants, the young ladies advanced rapidly to full membership in a group effort which now involves the skills of hun- dreds of people in GM Styling. In the past two décades, the féminine in fluence has changed many concepts of automotive design. Women designers hâve contributed to the development of interior con- venience features, safety items and such innovations as color coordination of interiors with exteriors and particular fabrics to suit women's tastes. Many a man, too, is grateful for thèse and other féminine contributions. The rôle of women in designing beauty, utility and quality into GM prod ucts is more important than ever before. GENERAL MOTORS IS PEOPLE... Making Better Things ForYou PUBLISHED SINCE 1907 BY THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO ALUMNI ASSOCIATION PHILIP C. WHITE, '35, PhD'38 PRESIDENT HARRY SHOLL ACTING EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR THE ALUMNI FUND FERD KRAMER, '22 CHAIRMAN HARRY SHOLL DIRECTOR EDITORIAL STAFF CONRAD KULAWAS EDITOR WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN CONSULTING EDITOR REGIONAL REPRESENTATIVES DAVID R. LEONETTI 20 WEST 43rd STREET NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10036 PENNSYLVANIA 6-0747 MARIE STEPHENS 1195 CHARLES STREET PASADENA, CALIFORNIA 91103 SYCAMORE 3-4545 MARY LEEMAN 420 MARKET STREET, ROOM 146 SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA 94111 YUKON 1-1180 Published monthly, October through June, by the University of Chicago Alumni Association, 5733 University Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637. An- nual subscription1 price, $5.00. Single copies, 50 cents. Second class postage paid at Chicago, Illi nois. Advertising agent: American Alumni Maga zines, 22 Washington Square, New York, New York. ©Copyright 1964 The University of Chicago Magazine. Ail rights reserved. VOL. LVII NO. 5 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE ? FEBRUARY 1965 2 NEW DIRECTOR OF ALUMNI AFFAIRS A Letter from Philip C. White 4 CONTEMPORARY ART FOR YOUNG COLLECTORS The Renaissance Society's annual exhibition 6 A PROTESTANT AT VATICAN II By Jerald C. Brauer, Dean of the Divinity School 16 DIDO AND AENEAS The Purcell opéra at Mandel Hall 18 NATIONAL MONUMENT AT STAGG FIELD The atomic pile site receives landmark status 19 THE VOICE HEARD 'ROUND THE WORLD By Norman J. Kantor of the editorial staff of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 23 ALUMNI EVENTS 23 CAMPUS EVENTS 24 QUADRANGLE NEWS 27 ALUMNI NEWS 33 MEMORIALS CREDITS— Cover: photography by Joan Hill, sculpture by Greta Meyer (Figure, mixed média). Photography: Chuck Reynolds, page 3; Joan Hill, pages 4 and 5; United Press International, pages 6, 8, 9, 12, 13, 15, and top of page 18; Stan Karter, bottoms of pages 16, 17, 20, 22, and center of page 18; Archie Lieberman, page 24. Costume sketches on pages 16 and 17 by Virgil Burnett. New Director of Alumni Affccirs: A Letter from Philip C. White# Président of the Alumni Association February, 1965 Dear Alumni Association Member: I am glad to inform you that in a few months the Association will again hâve the benefit of a full-time Director. Mr. Ranlet Lincoln, currently administrative assistant to the Director of Precollegiate Education at the University's Laboratory Schools, will take over responsibility for Association affairs, effective July 1. Since Mr. Harding left us last fall to become Assistant to the Président of the National Merit Scholarship Corporation of Evanston, Illinois, we hâve had no one serving in this capacity full-time. In the intérim, we hâve been deeply indebted to Mr. Harry Sholl, Director of the Alumni Fund, who is currently also serving as Acting Director of the Association and will continue to do so until next July. It is my firm belief that the appointment of Mr. Lincoln brings to the University's Alumni affairs a man with the vision, ability, and understanding of educational issues needed to strengthen the Alumni Association's close and significant relationship with the University. Prior to joining the University in 1963, Lincoln had been assistant to the Director of the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis, and before that he was vice-président of a St. Louis public relations firm. He was graduated from St. John's Collège, Annapolis, Maryland, in 1950 after service with the Navy in World War IL From 1950 to 1954 he was with the United States Information Service in New York and New Delhi. In 1954, he was Admissions Officer at St. John's. In addition to his duties at the Laboratory Schools, Lincoln is currently a candidate for the Master's degree in the Department of Education of The University of Chicago. During récent years, he has served as educational and public relations consultant to Webster Collège in St. Louis; the Madison Project in school mathematics of Syracuse University; Charles R. Feldstein & Co., Inc., of Chicago; and the Foreign Relations Project of the North Central Association of Collèges and Secondary Schools. Lincoln was married in 1947 to the former Claire d'Arcis Dunham of Virginia. The Lincolns hâve two children and live at 1019 East 48th Street in the Kenwood section of Chicago. Officially, Mr. Lincoln's appointment is to a new position in the University's administration, that of Director of Alumni Affairs and Assistant to the Vice Président for Public Affairs. Your Cabinet recently approved changes in the Constitution and By-laws of the Association whereby the Association affairs would be administered by the individual holding this position in the University, rather than by an independently employed executive director as has been the case in the past. In another change approved this month by the Cabinet, local alumni groups are now permitted to elect or appoint représentatives to the Cabinet directly. One représentative may be appointed, up to a maximum of two représentatives, for each 500 Association members who are also members of the local Alumni Club or régional association. It is hoped that this change will be a useful step in strengthening the nationwide identity of the Alumni Association and will enable everyone to hâve a more clear-cut means of representing local alumni opinion at the policy-making level. We urge those of you who are active in local groups to avail yourselves of this new provision of the Constitution and to elect Cabinet représentatives who hopefully can attend at least an occasional Cabinet meeting and otherwise keep in touch by correspondence. 2 Ranlet Lincoln and Philip C. White Our décision to make this change was reached after much soûl searching and délibération. We feel that it is a constructive move that will go far to improve the effectiveness of our relations with the University, both as an organization and as individuals. Many of you, I know, are familiar with the effective job that has been done by our professional school alumni associations: law, médical, business, etc. In no small measure their effectiveness can be attributed to the fact that their affairs are administered by a member of the administrative staff of the particular professional school. We felt the overall University Alumni Association would benefit by a similar relationship. The Cabinet, the officers, and the Executive Committee of your Association will continue to function as formerly, and the amended Constitution provides that the "Director of Alumni Affairs shall be responsive to the policy guidance of the Association officers and Executive Committee." I believe that 1965 will be an important year in the Association's history. I also hope that it will be a happy and a successful one for each of you. Yours very truly, C UuX^Fg^^ Philip C. White 3 photography by HILL Contemporary Art Young Collectors The Renaissance Society recently staged its 18th annual exhibition and sale of "Contemporary Art for Young Collectors." Held at the Society's gal- leries in Goodspeed Hall, the 1964 show presented over a thousand works, ranging from oil paintings and sculpture to prints and pottery. Among the artists represented were Ralph Arnold, Mary Gehr, Schomer Lichtner, and Abbott Pattison, with minor works of Chagall, Kollwitz, and Braque to further stimulate esthetic appetites. The Renaissance Society, independent of the University, is dedicated to individual ownership of art, and its exhibitions are designed to keep prices within reach of young collectors. The first show, in 1946, had a $20 limit on ail works exhibited, and was an immédiate success. The following year the limit was raised to $50 and the resulting collection was circulated nationally by the American Fédéra tion of Arts. Public reaction was enthusiastic and similar shows, even to the name, hâve since ap- peared throughout the country. Three years ago a range of $1 to $100 was flxed, and the uppef limit has not affected sales: this year's show at- tracted buyers from across the country and solo a quarter of its works at its evening opening on November 29. ^ >- ' « 4 mmmmm.iu «^ ,**** a' ^i ."*;: ¦. ^• :téJ^ii','* J > ^* •è "A new spirit is abroad in the Roman Catholic Church. . . ." by Professor Jerald C. Brauer, Dean of the Divinity School A PROTESTANT AT VATICAN II The dynamics and achievements of the second Vatican council are both intriguing and historié. The following report records certain personal observations and com- ments of one who sat through the last half of the third session and participated in the final "fateful forty-eight hours." A Protestant observer inevitably is impressed by spé cifie things in and around the Council. St. Peter's, in îtself, is an awe inspiring sight, but when one spends over a month, five to six mornings weekly, in St. Peter's in the company of more than two thousand bishops and their various personal theologians, it is an expérience never to te forgotten. It is undeniable that the setting added not 0,dy to the dignity and solmnity of the meetings, but also provided an unforgettable historical dimension. One was °onstantly aware that he was observing the délibérations °i an institution almost two thousand years old. The issues discussed, the procédures employed, even the dress of the Participants pointed to centuries long past. At the same time, one was struck by the tremendous effort on the part of thèse participants to make the insights and truths of their religion meaningful and more significant for the contemporary world. The présence of télévision lights and caméras at certain of the public sessions was symbolic of the tension between the old and the new. A Protestant observer also had an opportunity at first hand to witness at a new depth and intensity certain forms of Roman spirituality. To be sure, thèse forms were not entirely new to him, but nowhere in his expérience had he encountered them in such a concentrated way. The spécial forms of Roman spirituality were exemplified by the Mass, by the reciting of the Breviary, by the présence of large numbers of men who exemplified the so-calléd evangelical Councils — the life of poverty, celibacy, and obédience. Ail of thèse surrounded the Protestant observer on every side. Each session was opened by Mass; fre- quently one of the Eastern rites was employed. As a conséquence, Protestant observers probably participated in more Masses during their sessions in the Council than they had experienced in the past ten years. It was a PEBRUARY, 1965 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 7 healthy reminder to ail observers concerning the centrality and rôle of the Mass in the life of Catholic piety. Perhaps one of the most impressive and intriguing things about the Council was the dynamics and procédures of the Council itself. One had the strange f eeling that what was happening on the floor, though of importance, was not the true center of Council proceedings and develop- ments. This is true of any great deliberative gathering, but it seemed to be especially true in the case of the Council. How is it possible for more than two-thousand Church Fathers to debate theological issues leading to some kind of conclusion? The procédures under which the Council operated remained a mystery to most of the observers up to the very end. In fact, it was difficult to find Catholic experts to explain the procédures adequately. One word symbolized the sentiment of many of the ob servers — cumbersome. Procédures seemed to move be- tween a group of four Cardinal Moderators, a table of twelve Cardinal Présidents presided over by Cardinal Tisserant, and an Executive Secretary, Monsignor Felici. Meanwhile, material was flowing in and out of the various commissions through the hands of the Secretary of the Council to that of the Moderator and Présidents, while the interventions from the various bishops were being delivered from the floor. Even though each speech- — inter vention — was supposed to be made in behalf of seventy or eighty Church Fathers, it is difficult to détermine how actual theological discussion could occur in the présence of several thousand bishops. Obviously, most if it occurred in the various commissions dealing with the différent issues brought before the gênerai sessions. There is no denying that the Council itself is an ex- ceedingly complex, and in some sensé, a cumbersome opération. It is because of this that one is struck by the progress and accomplishments of this assembly through its first three sessions. However cumbersome and however complex, the Council continued to move at a slow but steady pace. The third session saw the passage and pro mulgation of two major schéma, the one On the Church and the other On Ecumenicity. Both of thèse are basic documents in the history of the Christian Church, and their passage attests both to tbe ingenuity and the détermination of the Church Fathers to work through the procédures and the dynamics of the Council which are in a sensé unavoidable. This situation also provided some of the most interesting moments for everyone attending the Council. Rumors as to maneuver- ing and possible conclusions were constantly flowing through the Council. Everyone was engaged in the serious game of trying to figure out who was doing what in the eventual outcome of a particularly important question. The rumors and counter-rumors provided an ecclesiastical "cloak and dagger" atmosphère which ail found most in triguing. This in no sensé distracts from the seriousness of the occasion; it is only a reminder that even the highest ecclesiastical achievements are based on human activity, even activity under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. AH Protestant observers shared one reaction. Their treatment by the Roman Catholic Church not only left absolutely nothing to be desired, but went beyond their fondest anticipations. The officiai host for the observers was the Secrétariat for Unity under the chairmanship 0f Cardinal Bea, and under the direction of Monsignor Willebrands of Holland. One of the hardest working co. ordinators was a young Paulist father, originally from Milwaukee, Father Thomas Stranski. Thèse men, alon» with the entire staff of the Secrétariat for Unity, provided every conceivable facility and comfort for the observers. Far beyond that was the spirit of love and brotherhood with which the observers were accepted by the Roman Catholic Church. Almost every evening found the observ ers involved in discussions and dialogue with various Roman Catholic theologians, bishops, or religious orders. This observer found. a gracious and warm welcome from Leon-Josef Cardinal Suënens, one of the four Cardinal Moderators- and -à renowned spokesman for the progrès- 8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE FEBRUARY, 1965 gjves. Last spring he was Thomas Lecturer at the Uni versity of Chicago and led an exciting two-day dialogue with Roman Catholic and Protestant theologians and theological students. Two week-ends were spent discussing major Council issues with him. The observers were not there simply to sit and observe. Their opinion on a wide variety of matters was eagerly sought and discussion was promoted on ail key issues. In Pope Paul VI saying Mass addition to the Papal audience for the observers and the constant référence to the observers in the various ad resses of the Pope and of the Church Fathers, Paul VI always made a spécial gesture of welcome directly to the observers whenever he made his appearance in the Coun cil sessions. The manner of the acceptance made absolutely clear the nature and the level of the ecumenical encounter and dialogue that was intended by the Roman Catholic Church. This was to be neither a stage of "psychological warfare," nor a "sentimental acceptance." It was intended in charity to provide an encounter in depth in order that each might learn from the other a f uller measure of under- standing and appréciation. Thus it engendered a new re spect for and concern for each other. Ail observers go to the Council looking for certain particular things and especially interested in several key issues. Most American observers, along with the gênerai American public, were interested primarily in two issues. First, ail Americans, whether Roman Catholic or Protes tant, were deeply interested in the religious liberty state- ment. This was inévitable. It is the American scène which first produced the situation of séparation between church and state and the promulgation of religious liberty. Fur- thermore, it is in such a context that both the Protestant and the Roman Catholic churches hâve flourished so abundantly over the past one hundred years. Just as the establishment of religion is the context in which European Christians hâve lived for many centuries, so the context of religious liberty has been and is now the only milieu which makes up the self-consciousness of the Christian community, both Protestant and Roman Catholic in America. But the question is more than that of an environment or milieu for Christians in America. Both hâve corne to believe that religious liberty is the only possible way for the Christian community to exist and carry out its task. This fact is just beginning to make its full impact on the rest of the Christian community throughout the world as it begins to see the implications of the lack of religious liberty in a non-democratic world. The Church cannot deny religious liberty in one situation and expect it for itself in another situation. Thus the attention of the whole American world was firmly fixed on this one issue. The second issue in which Americans hâve shown par ticular interest is that of the statement on the Jews. Large numbers of Christians in the American scène hâve become sensitive, in récent years, to the gross injustices perpe- trated upon their Jewish brethren. Furthermore, they hâve lived now for many years in friendship, peace, and har- mony with their Jewish brethren under the conditions of religious liberty. They hâve been helped by the Jewish community to note certain tendencies and teachings with- in Christianity that hâve eventuated, at times, in an un just persécution of the Jewish people. The Christian commu nity bears a heavy responsibility in relation to the per sécution of the Jews over the past centuries. Thus it was imperative that the Roman Catholic Church, speaking in behalf of the entire Christian community, make a clear ringing statement on the Jews, particularly in relation to the question of the Crucifixion. It is understandable that the American public, both ecclesiastical and gênerai, would be deeply interested in thèse two issues. Nevertheless, thèse were not and are not the central issues and problems of the Council itself. Their importance, though not to be denied, can only be under- stood properly when seen in the context of certain other more fundamental issues and problems. The central schéma for the entire Council, and certainly for the his- tory of the Christian church, is that entitled De Ecclesia, FEBRUARY, 1965 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 9 "on the church," or "concerning the church." This schéma was debated throughout the first two sessions and the first half of the third session, and was finally passed by the Council and promulgated by the Pope at the conclu sion of the third session. Its importance is difficult to measure. It has been pointed out that Vatican II, in a sensé, seeks to complète the work started by Vatican I, over ninety years ago. If the first Vatican Council made clear the power and the rôle of the Papacy, it did not touch on the power and the rôle of the bishops. The intention of the first Vatican Council was to deal both with the rôle of the Papacy and that of the bishops, but a variety of factors made it impossible for that Council to complète its work. Thus, it was inévitable that the second Vatican Council pick up this extremely important question. The problem was not to undercut or to deny the power and the rôle of the Papacy as defined by Vatican I; but rather to work out the conséquent rôle, function and power of the bishops along with, and under the Papacy. Until this was made clear, the church was not free to act fully and completely in light of her own true nature and structure. Furthermore, it was a real question as to the possibility and form of the church's self-renewal with- out the central rôle and participation of the bishops. Whatever the power of the Pope, the day-to-day adminis tration and activity of the church rests ultimately in the hands of the bishops in their local diocèses. They alone are in personal contact with the key issues, problems, and resources in their own area. They represent, in a spécial way, the concerns and insights of the Christian people throughout the world. Thus for the Church to carry through a program of renewal and reformation, it was necessary that the bishops, in concert with the Pope, carry through the program of renewal. As the world's population expanded, as new nations hâve corne into ex istence, as the technological âge has increased the corn- plexity and the tempo of life, it became increasingly évident that the Church would hâve to employ fully the counsel, guidance, and insight of those men most actively involved in administering this new situation. Finally, the question of the rôle, rights, and the power of the bishops along with the Pope is a fundamental question for the Roman Catholic Church as it confronts separated breth ren. This is true both for the relations of the Roman Catholic Church with the Protestants, and equally true for its relations with the Eastern Orthodox Churches. Thus it is évident that of the many things dealt with in the Council the statement on the church is most important of ail. The essence of this issue quickly became summarized in the term "collegiality." Does the Roman Pontiff rule completely alone or does he rule from in the midst of his bishops which together with him make up a "col- legium?" In the Council discussions, there was a small, vocal minority that insisted that the bishops dérive their power and their functions from the Pope and not from the apostles. They contended that the first apostles derived their power and function from Christ through St. Peter. Such a view is intended to enhance and to strengthen the absolute monarchial power of the Pope which is in no sensé correlated with or coordinated with the rôle and function of the Bishops. The other view argued that the Gospels hâve made clear that Peter and the other apostles constitute a single apostolic collège, though Peter plays a spécial rôle as the Vicar of Christ on earth. From this point of view, the Roman Pontiff is the direct successor of Peter and the bishops are the direct successors of the apostles, and both are joined together in a single apostolic collège. This collège or body of bishops has no authority in itself, but it does hâve authority when understood to work along with the Roman Pontiff. This entire issue is handled in détail in chapter three of the schéma On the Church, in paragraph twenty-two. The schéma was not passed without difficulty. In addition to the modi — minor modifications that are usually passed along with the various schéma — an additional action was required to get through De Ecclesia. A spécial explana- tory note had to be drawn up in order to get a maximal consent for the statement On the Church. This explana- tion is a masterpiece of ingenuity. It can be interpreted in such a way that it pleases the most conservative, and yet at the same time appears satisfactory to those who wish the most progressive interprétation of collegiality, Once the explanation was adopted there was no question that the overwhelming majority of the Fathers would ap- prove the statement On the Church, including that on collegiality. Several things should be remembered at this point. First of ail, if past history proves any guide, the schéma itself will be of much greater importance than either the minor modifications or the explanation adopted. Second- ly, it will not be the modi or the explanation that will finally interpret the meaning of the statement On the Church, but the concept of collegiality contained within it. The content, intent, and meaning of the statement will be actualized in concrète events in history. The schéma made clear the fact that the bishops do not dérive their power and authority from the Pope, but they inherit this as successors of the apostles themselves. It still has to be determined exactly how the bishops will exercise their power along with, and under that of the Pope. Their rôle in the actual rule of the Church is not yet clear. Thèse things will be determined only as the Church concretely confronts various issues and problems and then acts in relation to them. In his concluding state ment to the third session of the Council, Paul VI made clear that he was searching for ways to actualize this con- tinuing rôle of the bishops along with the Pontiff. The major obstacle to the actualization of the function of the bishops is the Curia. History appears to be on the side of the bishops. The Curia simply is not in position to understand the complexities and problems of the Church throughout the world. Furthermore, it is not in position to carry through and actualize, in local situations with necessary adaptations, the décisions either of the Pope or of the Church at large. The sooner collegiality can receive an adéquate form to express its true nature and activity in the modem world, the better it will be for both the Church and for the world itself. It is only in light of the expectations aroused by the 10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE FEBRUARY, 1965 discussions, debate, and passage of De Ecclesia that one can account for the frustration and even resentment that was encountered in the fateful, final forty-eight hours of the third session. This week is frequently referred to by Catholic participants as "passion week." One must handle the events of thèse two days with the greatest care and delicacy. Two temptations confronted the observer: either he might wish to discount the events of the final forty- eight hours as of no conséquence because the religious Pope Paul VI receives Professor «berty document will be passed next year anyway; or, he might feel that the final forty-eight hours represents 'he complète répudiation of the intent and achievement "f the bishops, both in the schéma On the Church and 'he schéma On Ecumenicity. In this view, the effort at renewal and the achievement of collegiality appear to be aU but destroyed before they are even on their way. As an observer, I cannot subscribe to either of thèse two views. I think it is important to note that one of the °asic reasons accounting for the frustration of the final forty-eight hours rests in the fact of the achievements of the two key schéma. Their adoption provides the context in which one interprets the closing struggles. The fight over the possible adoption of an initial text on religious liberty caught the public eye and symbolized the question as just pointed out. The vast majority of the Fathers and ail of the observers were confident that an initial text on religious liberty would be adopted, and that hopefully the initial text for a statement on the Jews would likewise be adopted. The latter was achieved with no difficulty; the former was completely stymied. Several things should be pointed out. The Italian con- servatives completely outmaneuvered the American bish ops in this particular afïair. As an observer, I cannot avoid remarking that our American bishops, born and bred in a démocratie political situation where they hâve often proved themselves master politicians, were never- theless no match for the Italians. This is understandable. The Italian clergy, particularly the Curia, hâve played Brauer and other Council observers PEBRUARY, 1965 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 11 the garne for centuries. They are adept and skilled. If the Americans would carry into the Vatican context the political adeptness developed in American ward politics, such events would either not occur or would not occur with ease. There is nothing to be ashamed of in transfer- ring such know-how into Vatican politics. This is neither non-spiritual nor unchristian. Whenever a deliberative body opérâtes through political maneuvering, and ail such bodies must so operate: then it is necessary to use ail of the acumen, shrewdness, and insight that is legally possible under the rules operative. It is both a question of knowing and observing the rules, and of functioning with the greatest skill under them. The Vatican Council does not operate under Robert's Rules of Order; it has its own rules. But granted those rules, this observer is convinced that the American Catholic brethren will never again be caught off guard as they were in the religious liberty situation. Incidentally, ail Americans présent, par- ticularly those of us from Chicago, were both proud and pleased at the conduct and effectiveness of Cardinal Meyer of Chicago. Contrary to the description, "The Cardinal was livid with rage," used by one public press organi- zation, he was rightfully indignant but fully in command both of himself and the situation the moment it became évident to him and his colleagues. The efficiency and dispatch with which the Americans reacted to their de- feat helped assuage many feelings though it did not achieve its intended goal. This observer's impression is that the Americans learned a hard lesson and learned it well. The events of thèse last two days are important pri- marily in that they point to the basic issue of collegiality and the rôle of the Pope. Everyone came away asking one basic question. Did the Pope's action during the fateful forty-eight hours demonstrate that he was fearful of the conséquences of collegiality and tended to side with the less progressive éléments of the Council, if not with the conservatives themselves? Much of the public press and a number of the Protestant observers hâve corne to this conclusion. They base their estimation on three key events occurring on Thursday and Friday of the final week. First, when the Cardinal Présidents overruled the intent of the Fathers to vote on an initial text to be accepted as the basis for discussion of religious liberty, the Pope up- held the décision of Cardinal Tisserant, the chairman of the Council Présidents. Ostensibly, the défense was that the Pope did not wish to interfère in rules and procédures of the Council. Many men felt that though this was tech- nically correct, it was upholding the letter of the law against the spirit and intent both of the rules and of the consensus of the Fathers présent. The second event was the way in which the Pope exercised his proper right to introduce nineteen modifica tions into the final text of the schéma On Ecumenicity after the schéma had been officially adopted by the Fathers. It was felt this could hâve been done during the discussions themselves and the Fathers could hâve voted on a text that met the approval of the Pope. In addition, one of the modifications introduced a totally différent 12 THE UNIVERSITY OF meaning into a statement concerning what separated brethren discover when they read scriptures. The first reading asserted that the separated brethren find God. The Pope's amendment stated that they only search fot God in the reading of Scriptures. The third event that caused consternation among much of the press and among some of the observers was the action of the Pope on the final Saturday afternoon in proclaiming Mary the Mother of the Church. This, in spite of the fact that the Fathers, in adopting the chapteB on Mary within the schéma On the Church, did not choose to use this particular title. When one adds to gether thèse three events, ail coming within forty-eigW hours, one can see why many people were disappointw with the actions of Paul VI. Such a reading of the events seems an oversimplifica' CHICAGO MAGAZINE FEBRUARY, 19* tJ0n t(l this observer. One does not hâve to explain away thèse events in order to give a différent interprétation to thein. R is indeed unfortunate that the Pope chose to act in this way in at least two of thèse cases, but it is certainly n0t disastrous. In the case of his refusai to uphold a pétition of almost one-thousand bishops that the Fathers he allowed to vote on whether they thought they had The Vatican sufficient time to adopt an initial religious liberty text, a number of factors hâve to be considered. It is possible that the Cardinal Président simply blundered in this situation, whether through inadvertence or through pré maturé collapse in the face of conservative pressure. In any case, the Pope would certainly think twice before overriding the action of the presiding Président, Cardinal Tisserant. On the other harid, one is tempted to speculate why it was that the religious liberty state ment was blocked in this session whereas the statement on the Jews, expected to generate the greatest opposition, passed so easily as part of the statement on other religions. One does not know how thèse things corne to be; one can only ask questions or guess. The fact is that one of the two statements so dear to the hearts of Americans and of the progressives was actually passed as an initial text. The other was not. The one thing clear is that Paul VI was not prepared to override the judgment of the Cardinal Présidents whatever the procédure used in arriving at that judgment. Obviously, the Pope was prepared to go along with the strong statement on religious liberty just as he proved himself prepared to go along with a strong statement on the Jews. If a criticism were to be leveled, it would hâve to be somewhat along thèse lines: the Pope could hâve ruled that the laws under which the Council opér âtes permit the Presidency to make the kind of ruling it made; however, the procédure used by the Président in arriving at such a ruling was sufficiently open to question, and the sentiment of the vast majority of the Fathers was so openly known, that the Pope had clear grounds for reversing the décision. The décision, after ail, was itself a reversai of a décision of the previous day. From this point of view, it is unfortunate that the Pope did not act along with the bishops. Had he so acted the world would hâve witnessed a genuine collégial act in which bishops had the opportunity to make known their judgment on this important affair. After ail, they were not voting on the final adoption of a schéma but only on the acceptance of an initial text for discussion; so, the conservatives had further opportunity to pro pose modifications or even explanations. The criticism is only that the Pope acted correctly in a légal sensé but did not exercise his freedom to move forward be yond the légal into the new epoch of collegiality. It is apparent that he did not choose this time or this event to make such a move, but it does not prove that he is opposed to making spécifie and concrète the collegiality with which he agrées, as it is promulgated in the schéma, On the Church. The second event, involving the nineteen amendments, does not hâve to be explained this way but can certainly be understood in light of the crush of the final two or three days' events. It is unfortunate that the Pope did not get his modifications of the text into the hands of the Fathers before the final vote. It is conceivable that it was impossible to do so in time. A number of ex planations hâve been given for the changed wording in chapter twenty-two on dévotion to Holy Scripture. None of the explanations thus far given prove satisfactory to this Protestant observer. On the other hand, if that state ment is not read in isolation from the entire schéma, then the change does not look so drastic. After ail, the schéma On Ecumenicity speaks not simply of individual separated brethren, but speaks also of their churches as ecclesiastical communities and as churches having much of the substance of Christianity within them. This, in itself, represents a vast step forward by the Roman Catholic Church and certainly expresses the intent of John XXIII. FEBRUARY, 1965 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 13 With regard to the Pope's act in proclaiming Mary the Mother of the Church on the day after the Council concluded, it is not necessary to interpret this as a répudiation of the progressive position and a reassertion of the conservative point of view, or as the répudiation of the collegiality principle. The debates on the chapters on Mary indicated to this observer that if an actual count would hâve been taken among the Fathers présent, the term itself might hâve been adopted in the schéma. In fact, this observer is curious why the statement on Mary in the schéma was not actually stronger than it turned out to be. As an observer, I am pleased that it was not stronger; nevertheless, the sentiment of the col- legium of bishops appeared to be for a stronger state ment rather than a weaker one. In this case, matters appear to hâve turned out well for ail sides involved. The technical phrase, "Mary, Mother of the Church," does not appear in the dogmatic statement of the schéma but only in a liturgical setting as proclaimed by the Pope. AU segments of opinion received what they wanted. The progressive wing did not hâve to accept it in the dogmatic statement, but the vast majority of the Fathers got what they wanted in the statement within a liturgical setting. Perhaps this was an admirable compromise that once again carried the vast majority of the Fathers for a schéma. Thus, this observer does not see how one can make an un- ambiguous judgment that the act of the Pope was a flaunting of the concerns of the majority of the bishops and thus of the concept of collegiality. Ail of us wonder about the rôle of the présent Pope. Clearly he is not John XXIII, and it is unfair to expect him to be like John. It is the impression of this observer that, on the whole, Paul VI in sentiment and tendency is progressive; however, he is very self-conscious of his heavy responsibility as successor of Peter. It is a difficult task to bring the church slowly along its path of renewal and into a rediscovery of some of its ancient truths made meaningful for this epoch. It is understandable that he functions somewhat enigmatically under thèse circum- stances. He appears to believe in collegiality with full sincerity, but he is not yet clear how or at what particular points he will take the leadership to actualize collegiality. That he will do so is clear. But he wishes to do it in such a way that he aliénâtes nobody, or as few as possible and in such a way that they can be reconciled. He is moving forward very slowly, but he is moving. It is beside the point to say that John would hâve acted differently. John was called to do one task; Paul VI is called to do another task. His is the responsibility of a great régime. He has the opportunity to make décisions that will actualize the principle of collegiality in such a way that the renewal of the Church will be hastened and strengthened. He must be fully aware of thèse facts and equally aware of the danger that accompanies the opportunity. Only the future will tell if he is equal to the task. It is too early to make a judgment. Thus far, most observers feel that he tends to be too cautious and that he has not seized some of the best opportunities presented him. The Pope's eagerness to travel is both a good and yet a dangerous thing. It is good in that it allows him to symbolize before the whole world the new stance of the Roman Catholic Church. Furthermore, it is espe. cially good because it exposes him to a new level of expérience and a new degree of awareness of the world's problems. Thus it better equips him to lead the church more faithfully and more fully. At the same time, it could be a danger. That is, if he chooses to exercise his Papacy primarily through this type of public action he could continue to avoid making the décisions so necessary to actualize collegiality. The public success of his activities could also distract criticism if he fails to act on collegiality and ecumencity at certain key moments. Thus the new openness to travel does not in itself assure the continuing path of renewal and ecumenicity. It only présents the Church and the Pope with a new and wonderful opportunity. In the light of the activities of the final two days and the activities of Paul VI, a final question confronts ail observers. Is renewal actually on the way in the Roman Catholic Church? It is the considered judgment of this observer that renewal is on the way both at a depth and a speed that he did not think possible. A gathering of the bishops from ail over the world has brought to the Roman Catholic Church a new sensé of its strength, its potentiality, and its opportunity. The bishops themselves sensé this as they grow to know each other and their responsibilities along with the Pope. John XXIII opened doors and Windows than can never again be closed. He has brought the Church into the middle of the 20th Century. It cannot now reverse gears without being untrue to itself, its nature, and its task. The torch of leadership has passed to a new généra tion of bishops and theologians. Theologians who were suspect one décade ago are now the leading theologians at the Council and in the Roman Catholic Church. Re newal is neither a passing fancy nor a psychological trick to capture the Protestants and overwhelm the world. It is a genuine expression of vitality within the Roman Catholic Church that cannot and ought not to be quenched. It will move ahead in ways that even the Church Fathers cannot plan or dream. They should not be surprised because they profess belief in the guidance of the Holy Spirit, which has always led the Church into opportunities and sacrifices neither sought nor even understood. A new spirit is abroad in the Roman Cath olic Church. This fact must be recognized by Roman Catholics, Protestants, the Orthodox, and by the world. Probably we ail will be equally surprised at its extent and conséquences. A second concluding observation is that Protestants should not expect this renewal, ecumenicity, and the dia logue to occur in certain set patterns. Unfortunately, many Protestants expect that the Roman Catholic Church through the Vatican Council ought to become more like Protestant churches or at least function in the process of renewal like Protestant churches. This is impossible. At this moment in history, Protestants cannot expect the Roman Catholic Church to become like Protestantism 14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE FEBRUARY, 1965 n0r can Roman Catholics expect the Protestant churches j0 joyously leap back into the arms of Roman Catholic ism. We are at that stage of history where both of us are just beginning to respect, honor, understand and even love each other. This is only the first stage. Nobody knows where it will lead; we should not ask. There are some things that it is better to let God worry about. We Protestants must expect Roman Catholicism to go through renewal on its own terms, indigenous to its own nature, and reflecting its own history. We must see this reality. By contemporary, or by Protestant standards, the Church may appear to be moving slowly; by its own historical standards it is moving at jet speed. The fourth session might not measure up to the con- cluding days of the third session as to the éléments of drama and crises. Nevertheless, some of the key issues still remain before the Council. Questions such as the relation of the Church to the world, the nature of mar- riage, the problem of birth control, the éducation of the priesthood, the rôle of religious orders, the problems of Pope Paul VI from a historical as well as from a theological perspective. Roman Catholicism will never change by leaping out of its own past. It has its own rhythm and genius of re newal. Today we are witnessing this with our own eyes. An observer should seek to judge from this perspective. One must grant the nature and the history of the Roman Catholic Church as an institution as the framework within which renewal and ecumenicity occurs. From this per spective, vast advances hâve been made in a very short time. Five years ago documents such as On the Church and On Ecumenicity were unthinkable. Today they are war and poverty, the question of religious liberty, and the schéma on the other religions — ail of thèse remain to be treated in the fourth session of Vatican II. Certainly, there may be unexpected conclusions in a variety of thèse areas. We are living in an era of vast political, economical, technological, and sociological change, an epoch of drastic change. The Second Vatican Council is an extremely interesting and exciting documentation of that fact. Ail men of culture, good will, and of deep concern for humanity, welcome it and seek to under stand it. D FEBRUARY, 1965 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 15 The Coïïegium . Mustcum rehearsmg the Purcell score H u ! la r\ 4* f$ 1 '«'t^-'i* '•_i5*r->^'\ y<y \S^M &**- ~~ 1 l *! ¦ ^ .- ~ ^ " ^!- ^ ¦¦¦¦ £>/Z)0 ^ Henry Purcell s opéra Dido and Aeneas will be présentée! at Mandel Hall by the Collegium Musicum on February 12th and 13th. This first real Enghsh opéra will be a spécial treat for music lovers, for beside its bistoncal interest and its genuine estbetic value it is a delightful and lively pièce of musical tbeater. Scored by Purcell, the libretto was writ- ten by a little-known poet named Nahum Tate, who freely wedded portions of Ver- gils Aeneid with the witches, triumphal dances, and other theatrical devices popu- lar in the theater of his day. The opéra was first performed in 1689 at an Enghsh academy for young ladies, directed by the academys dancing master Josiah Priest. It was professionally performed in Lon- don eleven years later, but little is known of either this production or Josiah Priest s original amateur staging. AENEAS The présent production will feature spé cial guest artist Sylvia Stahlman and music by the University's Collegium Musicum, under the direction of conduc- tor Howard Brown. Sets and costumes — and the costume sketches pictured hère — are by Virgil Burnett, Hyde Park artist and instructor on the Collège Humanities Staff. Performances will begin at 8:30 p.m. on Friday and Saturday evenings, February 12th and 13th, at Mandel Hall, 57th Street and University Avenue, with ticket priées at $1.00, $2.00, and $3.50. The evening of Friday, February 12th, will be of spécial interest to alumni and their fnends (see Alumni Events), who are invited to a festive Roman Banquet at the Quadrangle Club, followed by the Performance of Dido and Aeneas at Man del Hall, where a spécial block of main tioor center seats has been reserved. National Monument at Stagg Field Interior Secretary Stewart Udall présents the plaque and scroll of désignation to Warren C. Johnson, the University's. Vice-Président for Spécial Scientific Affairs. Standing from left to right are Samuel K. Alli- son, Director of the Fermi Institute, Professor John son, Secretary Udall, Herbert L. Anderson, Professor of Physics, and Walter Zinn, a member of the original Fermi team. The site of the squash court atomic pile in the now- demolished west stands of Stagg Field, where Enrico Fermi and his associâtes achieved the first self-sustain- ing nuclear chain-reaction, was designated a Registered National Historié Landmark last December 2nd, the twenty-second anniversary of one of the momentous inventions in man's history. The ceremony took place in the office of Secretary of the Interior Stewart L. Udall, who presented the University with a National Landmark plaque, to be placed beside the famous original plaque which pres- ently marks the site. Warren C. Johnson, Professor of Chemistry and Vice-Président for Spécial Scientific Affairs, accepted the plaque and scroll of désignation for the University. On the tenth anniversary of the first chain reaction, a bronze plaque was placed at the west stands site, which reads: On December 2, 1942, Man Achieved Hère the First Self-Sustaining Chain Reaction and Thereby Initiated the Controlled Release of Nuclear Energy. When the West Stands were demolished, be cause changes made in it during its wartime use for a variety of experiments had made it structurally un- sound, the plaque was affixed to the fence on the west side of the field. Surveys were made at the time of démolition to fix the exact boundaries of the first atomic pile. Plans are in progress for a more substan- tial mémorial, with the intent of possible dedication on the twenty-fifth anniversary, in 1967. 18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE FEBRUARY, 1965 by Norman J. Kantor The Voice Heard On December 2, 1942, when Enrico Fermi and his colleagues at the University of Chicago achieved the first controlled release of atomic energy, they simul- taneously unleashed a new, perhaps less easily con trolled force into world politics. It soon became ap parent to the nation's scientists that an enormous effort would be necessary to make people understand that, for better or worse, the world had been wholly trans- formed. With this objective in mind, they began to corne together in societies across the country to recognize their new and urgent responsibilities. One such organ- ization, the Atomic Scientists of Chicago, initiated a newsletter in December of 1945 called the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, and they subsequently chose for its symbol the now-famous clock with its hands frozen only minutes before the hour of midnight. The original co-editors of the Bulletin were Eugène Rabinowitch and the late Hyman H. Goldsmith, two members of the University of Chicago's Metallurgical Project, the code name for the University's part of the Manhattan Project for the création of the atomic bomb. "One purpose," say Dr. Rabinowitch and the late Morton Grodzins, University of Chicago political scientist, in their introduction to The Atomic Age, a collection of the foremost articles from the Bulletin up to 1962, "was to make fellow scientists aware of tne new relationship between their own world of science and the world of international politics." The °ther purpose "was to help the public understand wnat nuclear energy and its application to war meant «>r mankind. It was anticipated that the atomic bomb would be only the first of many dangerous présents from Pandora's box of modem science. Consequently, 't Was clear that the éducation of man to the realities °t the scientific âge would be a long, sustained effort." Bulletin «ntomic Scientists 'Round the World Called by the St. Louis Post Dispatch "The one magazine whose voice is heard 'round the world," the Bulletin has grown from a six-page newsletter to the leading international forum on the impact of science on society in the atomic âge. Time has said of it that "The Bulletins 27,500 subscribers girdle the globe . . . and they can muster more scientific, diplomatie, and statesmanship credentials than any world conférence in Geneva." Dating from its earlier issues, a clock— the "clock of doom"— appeared with great frequency on the covers of the Bulletin. It first appeared in June 1947, when the United States alone had the atomic bomb, its hands set at eight minutes to midnight. In July PEBRUARY, 1965 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 19 The Emergency Committee of Atomic Scien tists, from left to right: Harold C. Urey, University of California at San Diego, Albert Einstein (1879-1955), Selig Hecht (died in 1947); rear: Victor Weisskopf, Director-Gen- eral, CERN (European Organization for Nu clear Research), Geneva, Switzerland, Léo Szilard (1898-1964), Hans Bethe, Director, Laboratory of Nuclear Studies, Cornell Uni versity, Thorfin Hogness, Professor Emeritus Department of Chemistry, Çniversity of Chi cago, Phillip Morse, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 1947, editor Rabinowitch wrote of the new clock: "This symbol of urgency well represents the state of mind of those whose closeness to the development of atomic energy does not permit them to forget that their lives and those of their children, the security of their country, and the survival of civilization, ail hang in the balance as long as the spectre of atomic war has not been exorcised." In the twenty years since the initiation of the Bul letin, the hands of the clock hâve been moved only four times: forward to three minutes to midnight in October 1949 after the explosion of the first Russian atomic device, and again forward, in September 1953, to two minutes to midnight with the development, by both the United States and the USSR, of the hy- drogen bomb. The third move was made in January 1960, when the hands of the Bulletins clock were, for the first time, moved back— to seven minutes to mid night— because of the observation that, in the 15 years of the Bulletins existence, public and governmental opinion everywhere had begun to appreciate the rev- olutionary conséquences of the discovery of nuclear energy, thus erecting a psychological barrier that made the unleashing of the destructive power of the atom more difficult— but still, by implication, not impossible. As Dr. Rabinowitch then wrote: "We want to express in this move our belief that a new cohesive force has entered the interplay of forces shaping the fate of mankind, and is making the future of man a little less foreboding." In November 1961, because of the exacerbation of the Berlin crisis, many readers asked whether the clock should not again be moved forward. But the hands remained still. Dr. Rabinowitch explained: "As long 20 THE UNIVERSITY OF as world politics remain dominated by a power con- test, ail stability— even the stability of terror— is bouflu to remain precarious . . . The Bulletins clock is not a gage to register the ups and downs of the inter. national power struggle; it is intended to reflect basic changes in the level of continuous danger in which mankind lives in the nuclear âge, and will continue living, until society adjusts its basic attitudes and in. stitutions to the challenge of science." In October 1963, with the signing by the U.S. and the USSB of the limited nuclear test-ban treaty, the hands of the clock were moved back to twelve minutes to mid night. There they hâve remained— in the Bulletin'g hope that mankind is moving, however slowly and fitfully, in the direction of international coopération in the prévention of nuclear war and in the utiliza- tion of science and technology for the common benefit of mankind. The Bulletins early editorial purpose was to en- lighten public opinion on the implications of nuclear weapons. It contributed significantly toward the public understanding of the destructive capabilities of thèse weapons. In the pages of the Bulletin, Léo Szilard first sparked the movement for the establishment of civilian control over atomic energy in America. After the U.N. negotiations on international control of atomic energy failed in 1948, the magazine helped to search for policies which could stop or at least mitigate the nuclear arms race. In the pages of the Bulletin Leg- horn first presented the idea of arms control and Inglis first proposed the cessation of nuclear weapons tests as an initial step in a slowdown in the arms race. Louis Sohn's proposai for régional disarmament found an early voice there, and in 1955 H. J. Muller opened the discussion of radioactive contamination— a matter which had until then been kept secret. The Bulletin contributed in no small way to a reconsideration of loyalty and security policies which were based on the unreasonable hopes of maintaining the nation's mon- opoly on atomic weapons through secrecy. Its spécial issues on visas and on the Oppenheimer and Pauling CHICAGO MAGAZINE FEBRUARY, 19$ caSes hâve become essential reading for American ]aw students. It is through the Bulletin that many of the world's most eminent scientists, such as Max Born, Harold Urey, Léo Szilard, Robert Oppenheimer, Hans Bethe, Victor Weisskopf, P. M. S. Blackett, and James Franck, as well as political and social experts, such as Orville freeman, Edward Shils, Adlai Stevenson, Lord Boyd- Orr, Bertrand de Jouvenel, and Quincy Wright, hâve The members of the Educational Foundation for Nuclear Science, Inc., publisher of the Bul letin are: Hans A. Bethe (Cornell University). Lee A. Dubridge (California Institute of Tech nology), Samuel K. Allison (University of Chi cago), Robert F. Bâcher (California Institute of Technology ) , Detlev W. Bronk ( Rockef eller In stitute), A. H. Compton (1892-1962), E. U. Condon (Washington University), Farrington Daniels (University of Wisconsin), Albert Ein stein (1879-1955), James Franck (1882-1964), Bentley Glass (Johns Hopkins University), Sam uel A. Goudsmit (Brookhaven National Labor atory), Thorfin R. Hogness (University of Chi cago), F. Wheeler Loomis (University of Illinois), Phillip M. Morse (Massachusetts In stitute of Technology), H. J. Muller (Indiana University), J. Robert Oppenheimer (Institute for Advanced Study), G. B. Pegram (1875- 1958), L. I. Rabi (Columbia University), Julian Schwinger (Harvard University), Frederick Seitz (University of Illinois), John A. Simpson (University of Chicago), Cyril S. Smith (Mas sachusetts Institute of Technology), Léo Szilard (1898-1964), Edward Teller (University of Cal ifornia ) , Harold C. Urey ( Cern, Geneva, Switzer- land), V. F. Weisskopf (Massachusetts Insti tute of Technology), Hugh C. Wolfe (American Institute of Physics ) , Sewall Wright ( University of Wisconsin ) , and Jerrold Zacharias ( Massachu setts Institute of Technology). The Bulletins Board of Directors are: Peter Axel (University of Illinois), Robert Gomer (University of Chicago), J. R. Killian (Massa chusetts Institute of Technology), Alexander Langsdorf (Argonne National Laboratory), Franklin A. Long (Cornell University), Donald H. Miller (General Manager of Scientific Amer ican), Eugène Rabinowitch (University of Illi nois), Cyril S. Smith (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), Charles H. Townes and Jérôme Wiesner (Massachusetts Institute of Technol ogy), Hans Zeisel and Walter J. Blum (Univer sity of Chicago). FEBRUARY, 1965 THE UNIVERSITY Eugène Rabinowitch, Editor and co-founder of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists addressed themselves to a world-wide audience. The Bulletin has become a leading voice in the world community, where international scientists, scholars, and statesmen on both sides of the iron curtain can fînd a libéral forum. Although originally inspired by men in the natural sciences, today its contributors and friends consist of editorial advisors and scholars from the humanities and social sciences as well. From 1945 to 1949 the Bulletin was published by the Atomic Scientists of Chicago, and it was supported in its early years by the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists, headed by Albert Einstein. In 1949 the publication was transferred to a specially constituted Educational Foundation for Nuclear Sci ence, Inc., consisting of twenty-six of the most promi nent scientists in the nation (see box). After the death, in 1949, of Hyman H. Goldsmith, Dr. Rabinowitch has carried on as the chief editor. In 1947, he left the faculty of the University of Chi cago to become professor of Botany and Biophysics at the University of Illinois in Urbana. Dr. Rabino witch has played a unique rôle as a kind of political journalist extraordinaire within the scientific com munity. In 1945, he drafted most of the Franck Re port, now remembered most of ail for expressing the doubts of scientists on the wisdom of using the atomic bomb on Japan, but notable also as the first percep tive forecast of the gênerai implications of the release 21 DF CHICAGO MAGAZINE Ruth Adams, Managing Editor of atomic energy. Since 1957 he has been one of the prime movers in the organization of "COSWA" (Con férences on Science and World Affairs ) , widely known as the Pugwash Conférences, bringing together scien tists from East and West to discuss ways of diminishing the menace of nuclear war by controlled disarmament and coopérative use of science and technology for the benefît of mankind. (Thirteen such conférences hâve taken place from 1957 to 1964.) The Bulletins staff has always been drawn from people close to the University of Chicago. The manag ing editor, Mrs. Ruth Adams, is, in private life, the wife of Robert Adams, director of the Oriental In stitute. The magazine's editorial board includes the names of Robert Gomer, Alexander Langsdorf (his wife, Martyl, a noted American artist, is the Bulletins art editor), Hans Zeisel, Edward Shills, and David Inglis. University faculty members frequently con- tribute to the pages of the Bulletin: Hans Morgenthau, Walter Johnson, George Beadle, Morton Grodzins, Morris Janowitz, John Platt, and Gilbert White, among many others. The University has steadfastly supported the Bul letin in providing free quarters and services, but it still has been a wanderer of sorts along the Midway. Originally located in the Social Science Building, the Bulletins meanderings hâve taken it to Ryerson and Eckhart halls, and finally to its présent quarters on the first floor of a cavernous old home— formerly that of Laredo Taf t— on the corner of 60th Street and Ingle- side Avenue, adjacent to the Midway Studios. While the nuclear arms race, arms control, and dis armament were the Bulletins original concern, it early recognized that the scientific révolution of our time had affected society in many other important ways. 1945 to 1963 were years when the rôle of scien tists changed radically. They became a major force in government as advisors and administrators. As science became more closely involved with the many 22 THE UNIVERSITY OF new areas of government, so did the Bulletin expand its coverage to cover thèse new developments. In ad dition to its concentration on problems raised by the new rôle of science in national affairs, the Bulletin very early concerned itself with the many international implications of the scientific révolution. The Bulletin'^ interest has broadened to other aspects of human existence influenced by science and it is exploring a widening variety of subjects: technology's rôle in less- developed countries; energy and material resources for man's future; the relationships between art and science, religion and science, éducation and science and politics and science; exploration of the océans and of outer space; pollution of the air, water, and soil. Because of this broadening of subject matter, the sub- title "A Journal for Science and Public Affairs" now more adequately describes the purpose and content of the Bulletin than does its main title. The révolution in national and international affairs caused by the accelerating progress of science has given new importance to the facts and possibilités of science in practically ail areas of human endeavor. The pages of the Bulletin continue to mirror thèse new developments, contributing to public knowledge of the facts and public understanding of the implica tions of science for society, and stimulating the interest of scientists and scholars in thinking— and acting— in thèse increasingly important areas. Q The latest home of the Bulletin, formerly the home of Laredo Taft. CHICAGO MAGAZINE FEBRUARY, 1965 Ce am, ipuô february lst-28th Exhibition from the Nubian Expédi tion, 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Thursdays through Sundays at the Oriental Institute. A spécial lecture on the exhibition will be given on February I7th by Keith C. Seele, Professor Emeritus, at 8:30 p.m. February 12th Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship Lec ture: "Images of Man in Contemporary Literature," by Rt. Rev. Stuart Barton Baggage, Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral in Melbourne, Australia. 7:30 p.m. at Ida Noyés Hall. February 13th Fencing: U of C, Notre Dame, and Détroit, 12:30 p.m. at Bartlett Gym. Track: U of C vs. Wayne State. 1:30 p.m. at the Field House. Basketball: U of C vs. Knox Collège. 8:30 p.m. at the Field House. Admission: $1.00; no charge to Alumni with mem- bership cards. February 14th Netherlands Chamber Choir, directed by Félix de Noble. 3:30 p.m. at Rocke- feller Mémorial Chapel. Reserved seats, $4.00; gênerai admission, $3.00. February 16th The Contemporary Chamber Players: Babbitt, "Composition for 12 Instru ments;" Shapey, "Incantations for So prano and 10 Instruments" with Neva Pilgrim, soprano. Conducted by Ralph Shapey. 8:30 p.m. at Mandell Hall. Ad mission: $1.00. February 18th Track: U of C vs. Illinois State Normal. 7:30 p.m. at the Field House. February 19th Chamber Music Séries: Mozart, "Quar- tet in F Major, K .590"; Perkins, "Three Miniatures for String Quartet;" Brahms, "Quartet in C Major, Opus 51, No. 1," performed by the Lenox Quartet. 8:30 p.m. at Mandel Hall. Admission: $3.00. February 20th Basketball: U of C vs. MacMurray Collège. 8:00 p.m. at the Field House. Admission: $1.00; no charge to Alumni with membership cards. February 23rd Wrestling: U of C vs. Illinois Tech. 4:00 p.m. at Bartlett Gym. C^vents February 25th-28th "In White America," a stage docu- mentary drawn from the papers of his torical figures, performed by the off- Broadway touring company, sponsored by the University Theater. 8:30 p.m. at Mandel Hall, with matinées at 2:30 p.m. on February 27th and 28th. Ad mission: $2.50, $3.50, and $5.00. February 26th The Contemporary Chamber Players, featuring cellist Joanna De Keyser, ac- companied by Jeanne Bamberger: Marais, "La Folia;" Bach, "Suite No. 2 in D Major;" Bartok, "First Rhapsody for Cello and Piano;" Beethoven, "Sonata in D Major;" Ginastera, "Pampeana No. 2, rapsodia para cello y piano." 8:30 p.m. at the Law School Auditorium. Admission: $1.00. Track: Junior Varsity Relays. 4:00 p.m. at the Field House. Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship Lec ture: "Christianity and Existentialism," by Richard Wolfe of Belgium. 7:30 p.m. at Ida Noyés Hall. February 27th Fencing: U of C, Ohio State, and Iowa. 12:30 p.m. at Bartlett Gym. March 5th University Symphony Orchestra: Wag ner, "Overture to Die Meistersinger;" Bach, "Brandenburg Concerto No. 4;" Brahms, "Symphony No. 2 in D Major." Conducted by H. Colin Slim. 8:30 p.m. at Mandel Hall. March 6th Swimming: Chicago Intercollegiate Swim and Diving Championship. 10:00 a.m. and 2:30 p.m. at Bartlett Gym. Admission: $1.00; no charge to Alumni with membership cards. March lOth Track: U of C, Valparaiso University, and University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. 6:00 p.m. at the Field House. March 14th Oratorio séries: Beethoven, "Missa Solemnis." Performed by the Chapel Choir and members of the Chicago Sym phony Orchestra, conducted by Richard Vikstrom. 3:30 p.m. at Rockefeller Chap el. Reserved seats, $4.00; gênerai ad mission, $3.00. umm .Ai Chicago— February 12th Réservations for the Roman Ban quet at the Quadrangle Club and the performance of the Purcell opéra Dido and Aeneas at Mandel Hall are com pletely sold out. For information on opéra seats in other than the spécial alumni section, or for the perform ance on February 13th, contact the University's Music Department. Washington— February 15th A réception and dinner in honor of the members of Congress who are alumni of the University, sponsored by the University of Chicago Club of Washington, D.C. Senator Gale McGee of Wyoming, PhD '47, will speak on "The Challenge to the Congress, Man date 1965." The Madison, Fifteenth and M Streets, N.W.; réception at 6:30 p.m. in the Monticello Room, with cocktails (optional) at $1.00; dinner at 7:30 p.m. in the Dolly Madison Room, $6.50. Ail alumni and their families are cordially invited; dress in formai. For réservations, contact Mrs. Harry Wohl, 3944 N. Dumbarton Street, McLean, Virginia, téléphone KE 8-2385. New York— February 18th A cocktail party at the Harvard Club, 27 West 44th Street, 5:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m., with spécial guest Wayne C. Booth, Dean of the Collège. Miami— March lst Professor Edward Anders of the De partment of Chemistry and the Enrico Fermi Institute, who recently exposed a century-old hoax on organic life in météorites, will speak to the Miami Alumni Club, place, time, and title of the address to be announced. New York— March 2nd Milton Friedman, Paul Snowden Russell Distinguished Service Profes sor and Professor in the Department of Economies, will speak at a Business School Luncheon. Twelve o'clock at the Advertising Club, 23 Park Avenue. FEBRUARY, 1965 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE News of the Quadrangles CULTURE OF YUCATAN-Dedi- cation cérémonies at the University of Yucatan, Mexico, on December 22, opened the new inter-university center for the study of Yucatan culture at Merida. Fred I. Strodt- beck, associate professor of soci- ology and psychology, who was chairman of the committee which proposed the center, Norman A. McQuon, professor of anthropology and linguistics of the Chicago fac- ulty, and Governor Luis Torres Mesias of Yucatan, were speakers at the dedication. Yucatan was the center of the Mayan culture and Mayan-speaking Indians of the région still retain some éléments of the culture. The late Robert Red- field, distinguished University of Chicago anthropologist, conducted pioneering studies in Yucatan 30 years ago. Asael T. Hansen, profes sor of anthropology at the Univer sity of Alabama, who is field direc tor of the Yucatan center, was as- sociated with Mr. Redfield in the early investigations. LAB SCALE CLOUDS-Three years in the construction, a device which will produce a cloud of any desired density of water droplets at any given température will be used by the Cloud Physics Lab oratory of the Department of Geo- physical Sciences to détermine the conditions under which a cloud can be induced to release précipitation, The laboratory instrument, which has a "cloud chamber" of about one-gallon capacity, has been con- structed by Urich Katz, a physicist who is a research associate of the Laboratory. It has been known for some years that spraying "nucleating sub stances" such as iodine or dry ice into a cloud with températures be- low freezing will cause ice crystals to form; the device will provide accurate measurements of the re- quisite conditions in nature. In broad purpose, the study will be aimed at the realization of meteor- ologists' hopes of influencing pre- Trustees' Dinner Fairfax M. Cône, Chairman of the Board of Trustées, addresses the University faculty and guests at The Trustées' Dinner to the Faculties held January 14th at the Palmer House in Chicago. Président George Wells Beadle and Professor Fred Eggan, in behalf of the faculties, also addressed the guests. 24 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE FEBRUARY, 1965 cipitation as one aspect of attaining some control of weather. Under the direction of Horace R. Byers, professor of geophysical sciences, the University has engaged in a long séries of experiments with weather modification through cloud modification — popularly termed rain-making— to study of the mech- anism of thunderstorms and tor- nadoes. FACULTY HONORS-Robert S. Mulliken, Ph.D., '21, co-director of the Laboratory of Molecular Struc ture and Spectra and Ernest De- Witt Burton Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in physics and chemistry, has been named récip ient of the 53rd Willard Gibbs Award of the Chicago Section of the American Chemical Society. The gold medal will be presented on May 21. The désignation of Mr. Mulliken is in récognition of his notable contributions in the devel opment of the molecular orbital theory, which has increased the understanding of the electronic structure of molécules and of chem- ical reactions. Last November, Mr. Mulliken received the 1964 John Gamble Kirkwood Medal of the Yale University Department of Chemistry and the New Haven Section of the American Chemical Society. He previously had received three other Society awards. Zvi Griliches, Ph.D., '57, profes sor of économies, has been elected a Fellow of the Econometric So ciety, the organization concerned with the advancement of économie theory by statistical and mathemati- cal methods. Dr. Lowell T. Coggeshall, Fred erick H. Rawson Professor of Medi- cine, vice-président for spécial as- signments and Trustée of the University, received the George Howell Coleman Medal of The In stitute of Medicine of Chicago on January 13, when the Institute ob- served its fiftieth anniversary. The award is made "to a physician or «ndred scientist who has rendered outstanding service to the commun- ¦ty above and beyond the practice °f his profession." Dr. Frank B. Kelly, 18, M.D. '20, is président of *he Institute. Eugène Groves RHODES SCHOLARS - Eugène Groves, senior in the Collège, and Benjamin W. Heineman, Jr., grad- uate of the University's Laboratory School, hâve been awarded Rhodes scholarships for advanced study at Oxford. Eugène Groves, son of Mr. and Mrs. Ulysses Groves of Columbia City, Indiana, came to the Univer sity on a National Merit Scholarship and is now Président of Student Government and serving on the national supervisory board of the U. S. National Student Association. Working toward the bachelor's de- gree in Physics, he is currently a member of several honor societies and has participated in varsity de- bate and the track team. George Playe, Dean of Under- graduate Students and head of the committee which selected the four University candidates for the award, said: "We're terribly pleased at Mr. Groves' success. He certainly deserves this honor. This is the toughest scholarship compé tition there is. It's a tremendous crédit to him and the University." Benjamin W. Heineman, Jr., a Chicago résident, is currently a stu dent at Harvard. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin W. Heineman, Sr., are distinguished Chicago citi- zens. Mrs. Heineman is an alumna of the University, Class of '33, and Mr. Heineman is Chairman of the Board of the Chicago and North western Railway and a Trustée of the University. The Rhodes Scholarships pro gram was endowed in the will of Cecil John Rhodes, the late British statesman and industrialist, and ré cipients are financed for two years of advanced studies at Oxford. RECENT GRANTS-The Univer sity received a grant of $105,000 from the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation to finance graduate fellowships and support graduate training during the aca démie year 1965-66. Three-quarters of the grant must be used to finance fellowships for advanced students who hâve completed at least one year of graduate training. The re- maining twenty-five percent may be used any way the University wishes to advance graduate éducation. Warner A. Wick, Dean of Stu dents, said: "If it had not been for the Woodrow Wilson Foundation, graduate study in the humanities and social sciences would hâve suf- fered severely in the past ten years. The Foundation has made a great contribution." In addition to their outright grants to the University, the Foun dation supports, by direct grants to the individuals concerned, the Woodrow Wilson Fellows enrolled at the University during their first year of graduate study. The amount of a grant to the University in a given year is determined by the number of Woodrow Wilson Fel lows enrolled during the previous académie year, with $2,000 granted for each full fellowship. However, this "second year money" should not necessarily be earmarked for Woodrow Wilson Fellows who study beyond the first year, accord- ing to Sir Hugh Taylor, Président of the Foundation. Sir Hugh says, "We believe that our former Fel lows are well able to compete with ail other advanced graduate stu dents for the assistance made pos sible through thèse grants." Since 1958 the Foundation has made graduate éducation grants to the University totaling $621,000. E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Co. recently granted $100,000 to the University to help finance con struction of a new chemistry re- search building, plus an additional $24,700 for fundamental research in chemistry and physics and for ad- FEBRUARY, 1965 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 25 vancing the teaching of physical sciences. The new chemistry build ing, a high-priority project in the University's campus development plans, is expected to cost $4,137,- 000 and will be located on the East side of Ellis Avenue between 57th and 58th Streets. The du Pont gift has brought the sum raised for the building to a total of $2,700,000. The Richard King Mellon Foun dation of Pittsburgh has made a grant of $100,000 to the University's Center for Urban Studies, to pro vide fellowships and to support faculty salaries during the next five years. In announcing the grant, the Foundation said: "The grant for the Mellon Fellowships in City Plan ning and Urban Renewal was prompted by our belief in the im portance of improving the profes sional capabilities of men and women now involved in city plan ning, urban renewal, or closely re- lated fields and to encourage a greater number of talented persons to achieve excellence in urban de velopment." Under the terms of the Mellon grant, the University will receive five annual installments of $20,000 each. Half of each annual payment is to be used for one or more Mellon Fellowships. The other half is to be used for faculty salaries in sup port of the fellowship program. The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development has awarded the University grants totaling $835,000 to support the training of graduate students for research in adult development and aging. Of the total grant, $770,000 will be used to train researchers in six fields which hâve acute short- ages of personnel. The remaining $65,000 will be used to supplément an ongoing program, begun seven years ago, to train graduate stu dents enrolled under the Univer sity's Committee on Human Devel opment. AUTUMN CONVOCATION - In the first of the four Convocations of the académie year, 1964-65, 239 degrees were conferred by Prés ident George Wells Beadle in the 308th Convocation in Rockefeller Mémorial Chapel, December 18. Of the total, 30 were Bachelor's, 142 were Master's, and 62 were Ph.D. degrees. Francis S. Chase, Ph.D., '51, professor of éducation and former dean of the Graduate School of Education, was the Con vocation speaker. FRANCK PROFESSOR-Anthony L. Turkevich, Professor in the De partment of Chemistry and in the Enrico Fermi Institute for Nuclear Studies, has been named the first James Franck Professor of Chem istry, a newly-created professorship honoring the late Nobel Prize physi- cist and former professor emeritus at the University. Mr. Turkevich, a specialist in nu- clear-physical chemistry, currently is conducting research on the inter action of high energy particles with complex nuclei, and on radio- activity induced in météorites by cosmic rays. He has also designed an instrument to gather data on the composition of tbe surface of the moon, by transmitting the record of particle scattering from lunar ma- terials exposed to a radioactive source carried by the instrument. In 1962, Mr. Turkevich was one of five scientists who received the Atomic Energy Commission's E. O. Lawrence Mémorial Award, in récognition of "especially meritor- ious contributions to the develop ment, use, or control of atomic energy." Except for a brief associa tion with the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, he has been with the University since 1943. RYERSON PROFESSOR-Herrlee G. Creel, AM '27, Ph.D., '29, scholar in the areas of Chinese philoso- ophy, history and literature, has been named Martin A. Ryerson Distinguished Service Professor, a chair which honors the first près- ident of the Board of Trustées of the University. Mr. Creel has been a member of the faculty since 1936 a professor since 1949, and has served as chairman of the Commit- tee on Far Eastern Civilizations and the Department of Oriental Languages and Civilizations. From 1942 to 1945 he was chief of the Far Eastern Section of the political branch of the Military Intelligence Service. CITIZENS BOARD CHAIRMAN -Paul W. Goodrich, MBA '43, président of the Chicago Title and Trust Company, has been ap- pointed chairman of the Citizens Board of the University, succeeding Remick McDowell, who has been chairman since 1961. The appoint ment was announced by Fairfax M. Cône, Chairman of the Board of Trustées of the University. The Citizens Board is a group of 425 prominent Chicagoans interested in the progress of the University. LAW FELLOWSHIPS-Graduates of any law school are eligible for new fellowships in international trade and development to be awarded for the académie year, 1965-66, by the Law School of the University. The fellowships are of- fered in a program to bring the methods and principles of légal analysis to bear on the problems of international trade, and represent the first such program of any law school in the United States. In addition to tuition and fées, the fellowships carry $6,000 stip- ends for maintenance. Fellows may work for the degree of Doctor of Jurisprudence; in addition to semi- nars with faculty members, the récipients will engage in individual research projects. Kenneth W. Dam, professor of law, will ad- minister the program. Applications for the fellowships must be made no later than March 15 of this year. 26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE FEBRUARY, 1965 Alumni News 03 HALE, HARRISON, SM'03, and his wife, Mable, of Marietta, Ga., celebrated their 60th wedding anniversary in December with their three children and families at Wilmington, Del. 12 LOEB, LEONARD, 12, PhD'16, of Ber keley, Calif., who retired as professor emeritus of physics at the University of California in 1959, still teaches graduate courses and does research with post-doc toral fellows. His tenth book, on electrical coronas, is going to press. Mr. Loeb, whose hobbies are sailing and fishing, has four daughters and three grandchildren. 15 DRAGSTEDT, LESTER R., '15, SM'16, PhD'20, MD'21, who teaches and does research at the University of Florida, Gainesville, has received the Bigelow Medal, the highest award of the Boston Surgical Society. In June, 1964, Dr. Drag- stedt attended the AMA meeting in San Francisco and spoke to the U of C Médi cal Alumni Assn. there on Christian Fenger and the Chicago School of Sur- gery. He lectured before médical societies in Mexico City, Houston, Jackson, Los Angeles, Ft. Lauderdale, Milwaukee, Dallas, New Orléans, and Boston last year. 16 BLOMQUIST, HUGO, '16, PhD'21, emeri- tus professor of botany at Duke University, Durham, N.C., died November 29. He had taught at Duke and its predecessor, Trinity Collège, for 37 years when he retired in 1957, after which he received two National Science Foundation grants to complète studies on peat mosses and marine algae. A fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Sci ence, Mr. Blomquist was président of three régional science societies. Among his books are The Ferns of North Carolina, Flowers of the South: Native and Exotic and A Laboratory Manual for General botany. 17 HANISCH, ARTHUR, 17, président of the Stuart Co., a Pasadena, Calif., pharma- ceutical firm, has been appointed to the National Advisory Heart Council. He was also recently named by Président Johnson to the Commission on Heart Disease, Cancer, and Strokes. PANCOAST, MISS ELINOR, 17, AM'22, PhD'27, professor emeritus of Goucher Collège, Baltimore, is helping the Mary- land Council on Economie Education de- velop economical éducation for teachers and is co-chairing a state-wide conférence on "Poverty in the Midst of Plenty" under the auspices of the Maryland Council of Churches. With MRS. ROBERT ANGLE (GRACE MAYMON, AM'34) and VERL S. LEWIS, AM'39, Miss Pancoast is in- volved in the Income and Social Services Committee of the State Commission on the Aging. 18 McDONALD, GEORGE, 18, JD'20, of Rock Island, 111., retired January 1, after 36 years with Modem Woodmen of America, for whom he has been director since 1954 and gênerai counsel since 1951. A récipient of the U of C Alumni Assn. Citation in 1945, he has served the local Presbyterian Church, Boy Scouts, Community Chest, Art Guild, and Ameri can Légion. Mr. McDonald is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and of the county, state and American Bar associations. 21 COCHRAN, MISS MARY ELIZABETH, AM'21, PhD'30, has been a faculty mem ber at Cumberland Collège, Williamsburg, Ky., since her retirement from Kansas State Collège, Pittsburg, Kan. in 1962. Last summer she toured the Orient and the Middle East. GILLESPIE, MISS LUCILE, '21, of Boul- der, Colo., retired on December 18 after 11 years as a high school mathematics teacher. For the past 21 years she has also done statistical and editorial work on ionospheric data for the National Bureau of Standards. QUICKSTAD, NATHANIEL, '21, of Royal Oak, Mich., retired in 1961 after 53 years of teaching and school administrating. 23 CAVALLO, MISS AGATHA, '23, AM'25, of Los Angeles, was awarded the Lazo de Dama de La Orden del Merito Civil by the Spanish government to honor her and teachers of Spanish in the United States, whom she represents as former na tional président of the American Associa tion of Teachers of Spanish and Portu- guese. In the summer of 1963, Miss Cavallo resigned as associate professor of Spanish and chairman of the départaient of modem languages of Wright Collège, Chicago. She is now visiting associate pro fessor of Spanish at the University of Southern California. 24 TRAXLER, ARTHUR, AM'24, PhD'32, executive director of the national Educa tional Records Bureau for 15 years, was guest of honor at a Bureau dinner October 29; for his contributions to educational measurement and guidance the Bureau has established the Arthur E. Traxler Scholarship Fund in those areas. Mr. Traxler, who was a Kansas school super- intendent four times, a psychologist at the U of C High School and a summer in- structor at eight collèges, has authored some 320 publications and has been président, vice-président or fellow of four professional societies. Partly through his efforts there is now a spécial postal rate for "educational materials." 27 BURG, ANTON B., '27, SM'28, PhD'31, professor of chemistry at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, received a $1000 Associates Award for Creative Research there. Mr. Burg, whose work has earned world- wide récognition, performed the first American research on boron hydrides ( compounds of boron and hydro- gen) at the U of C. His fundamental studies in the chemistry of phosphorus and boron resulted in a clearer under- standing of chemical bonding of non- metallic éléments. In 1961 a publication of The Cheniical Society, London, sum- marized his work on inorganic polymers: "Through reactions of a type previously unkown, Professor Burg became the first to make chemical bonds between boron and phosphorus, producing new com pounds which give promise of stronger, more heat-resistant plastics." CRAWFORD, MRS. NEIL (ELISABETH GARRISON, '27), of Washington, Ind. is director of the Development Reading and Study Skills Laboratory and asso ciate professor of English at Vincennes University. FEBRUARY, 1965 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 27 28 ABRAHAMSON, MELVIN F., '28, JD'29, Naperville, 111., was elected in November to the Second District Appellate Court of Illinois, where he had been serving by appointment since January, 1964. Mr. Abrahamson has been a circuit judge for the 16th and 18th judicial districts. He and his wife, the former MARY FOSTER, '29, hâve two daughters, one a mother of three children, and the other a Naperville teacher. KEINIGSBERG, AARON, '28, MD'34, is attending physician in the départaient of medicine at Michael Reese Hospital and research center in Chicago. From 1938-61 he was chief of the chest clinic, Chicago Maternity Center; from 1949-61 he was attending physician at Winfield Hospital, Chicago; and in 1961 Dr. Keinigsberg was président of the Chicago Tuberculosis Society. LARSON, JOHN A., MD'28, inventor of the cardio-pneumo-psychogram test, bet- ter known as the lie detector, is finishing a textbook on psychobiology of déception. Dr. Larson has published a number of pa- pers and monographs evaluating material collected during his more than forty years as a policeman, criminologist, and psychi- atrist. After a brief term as instructor in psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University from 1928-29, he began pioneering re- forms at mental institutions. Most well- known of thèse was in 1949 at Logans- pnrt, Indiana State Hospital, where he doubled the number of patients rehabili- tated. He is also completing a forty-year project, a Latin-Greek etymology of psy- chological and médical terms. OLDENBURGER, RUFUS, '28, SM'30, PhD'34, professor of mechanical engi neering and director of the automatic control center at Purdue University, re ceived a $500 Honorarium in October from the Instrument Society of America. The "Excellence in Documentation" award went to Mr. Oldenburger for a paper, published in ISA Transactions, translating his mathematical discoveries on optimum nonlinear control theory into practical design criteria for hardware. He is author, co-author, or editor of several engineering books, and first solved dif- ferential équations of optimal control in 1944 as chief mathematician and director of research at Woodward Governor Co., Rockford, 111. ROBINSON, MRS. LESTER (FLORENCE EILERS, '28), of St. Petersburg, Fia., retired as an English teacher at Engle- wood High School in Chicago last year. She had been a président of the Engle- wood Woman's Club, which gave a num ber of scholarships to U of C students. At St. Petersburg, where she and her retired husband Iive, Mrs. Robinson is Registrar and Good Citizen Chairman of the D. A. R. 29 McINTYRE, MRS. FRANCIS (FRANCES L. GIBSON, '29), of New York, was re-elected second vice-président of the national board of Camp Fire Girls, Inc., November 9. Wife of FRANCIS E. Mc INTYRE, PhD'41, chief economist for the California Texas Oil Corp., Mrs. Mclntyre has served in the American Association for the United Nations, the American Field Service, and several local organizations. SHORES, MISS MINNIE T., '29, of West- lake, Ohio, is director of the School of Everyday Brotherhood there. 30 MINERVA, MISS MARY-JOAN, '30, AM'41, is principal of the Beidler School in Chicago. CHRISTOPHER, GORDON N., '30, re tired in June, 1964, after 39 years of teaching at the James Hillhouse High School in New Haven, Conn. From 1941 until his retirement, Mr. Christopher had headed the foreign language department there. 31 FRIEDEMAN, WILLIAM S., '31, of Chi cago, was recently elected a trustée of Lake Forest ( 111. ) Academy. 32 BERGHOFF, JOHN C, '32, Chicago, is assistant gênerai counsel for Swift & Co., and chairman of the board of Swedish Covenant Hospital and Retirement Homes. His wife is the former DORIS M. ANDERSON, '32. COWEN, HAROLD A., '32, a former as sistant attorney gênerai of Illinois assigned to the Commerce Commission, is now in private practice. Mr. Cowen, who was engaged in the Du Pont-General Motors suit under the Clajrton Act, taught con- tracts for a short rime at John Marshall Law School, Chicago. UNIVERSITY NATIONAL BANK 1354 East 55th Street " ' ;4 4t%e*tf fauté" Member Fédéral Deposit Insurance Corporation MUeeum 4-1200 GEORGE ERHARDT and SONS, Inc. Painting — Deeorating — Wood Finishing 3123 Phone Lake Street KEdzie 3-3186 B0YD & G0ULD SINCE 1888 HYDE PARK AWNING C0. INC. SINCE 1896 NOW UNDER ONE MANAGEMENT Awn'mgt and Canopies for AU Purposes 9305 South Western Phone: 239-1511 VAGABOND RANCH Granby, Colorado. That "something new and différ ent" for boys 12-17 who hâve outgrown "camp." Stimulating, constructive program of western ranch activities plus travel. Caravan West in June. Ranch at 9200 ft. Riding, pack trips, climbing school, geol- ogy# gold mine, fishing, riflery, skiing, work program. Elective camping trips ail over West. 19th season, vétéran staff. Separate western travel program, girls 14-18. For Folder and '65 prospectus, write: Mr. & Mrs. C. A. Pavek Rumsey Hall School Washington, Conn. THIS pylon on our new plant marks a milestone in our thirty years of service to organizations requiring fine skills, latest techniques and large capacity. Our work is as diversifiée as the needs and products of our customers Photo press ¦¦ujhhhimt Eisen'hower Expressway at Gardner Road BROADVIEW, 1LL. COlumbus 1-1420 28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE FEBRUARY, 1965 RICHARD H. WEST CO. COMMERCIAL PAINTING and DECORATING 1331 W. Jackson Blvd. Téléphone MOnroe 6-3192 Since 7878 HANNIBAL, INC. Furnifure Repairing Uphofsfering • Refinisfiing Antiques Restored 1919 N. Sheffield Ave. • U 9-7180 BEST BOILER REPAiR & WELDING CO. 24 HOUR SERVICE Licensed • Bonded • Insured Qualified Welders Submerged Water Heaters HAymarket 1-7917 1404-08 S. Western Ave., Chicago MODEL CAMERA SHOP Leica - Bolex - Roi leiflex - Polaroid 1342 E. 55th St. HYde Park 3-9259 NSA Discounti 24-hour Kodachrome Developing HO Trains and Model Suppliai We operate our own dry cleaning plant 1309 East 57th St. Ml dway 3-0602 5319 Hyde Park Blvd. NO rmal 7-9858 1553 E. Hyde Park Blvd. FAirfax 4-5759 1442 E. 57th Midway 3-0607 Sidewalks Factory Floors Machine Foundations Concrète Breaking NOrmal 7-0433 R i xlW Offset Printing • Imprinting • Addresaographing Multilithing • Copy Préparation • Automatic Insertlng Typewriting « Addreseing » Folding » Mailing CHIC AGO addressin& * printing company 720 SOUTH DEARBORN STREET WAbdsh 2*4561 33 POULTER, THOMAS, PhD'33, a Stanford University Research Institute biologist, directed a trip to the Antarctic in Novem ber to study the Weddell seal. The trip, lasting several weeks, was the third such venture for Mr. Poulter. 34 HOWARD, GORDON, '34, is one of five fédéral career men named 1964 récipients of the Rockefeller Public Service Award, which includes a $10,000 grant. Mr. Howard is assistant commissioner for pro gram planning with the urban renewal administration of the Fédéral Housing and Home Finance Agency, where he has worked since 1949. He was assistant di rector of the Metropolitan Housing and Planning Council in Chicago in 1938 and a research associate at the University of Wisconsin in 1947. A member of Phi Beta Kappa, Mr. Howard belongs to several church, civic and professional groups, and he has written reports, articles and book reviews in his field. He, his wife and two of three children live in Alexandria, Va. PRICE, CHARLES B., AM'34, retired in June after two years as a teacher and 46 years as principal in a Blue Island, 111., high school. WERNER, HARVEY, PhD'34, emeritus professor of horticulture at the Univer sity of Nebraska since 1962, is preparing manuscripts from results of several long- time research projects. Since his "retire ment" Mr. Werner and his wife hâve logged more than 2,500 miles by car, touring American national parks and monuments. 35 CUMMINGS, MISS RACHEL H., '35, is still teaching a half-day kindergarten, sponsored by Grâce Methodist church of Rockford, 111. FORTESS, FRED, '35, manager, Textile Products Development, Applications and Product Development Dept., Celanese Fibers Co., Charlotte, N.C., has been elected 18th président of the American Association of Textile Chemists and Color- ists. Mr. Fortess, currently a vice président representing AATCC's southern région, was awarded the Olney Medal in 1961 for outstanding achievement in textile chemistry. STERNBERG, MRS ARNOLD (ANNE KRUPNICK, AM'35) teaches Jewish history and Bible in Chicago's High School of Jewish Studies. In addition to her teaching duties she has taken on community volunteer work. STURM, MRS. VERNON (MARY MARK, '35), retired November 30 from her po sition as director of the bureau of home économies in the Chicago Public Schools. For nine years she served on the advisory committee for the Betty Crocker Searcli for the Homemaker of Tomorrow scholar ship compétition, and during the summer of 1963 she toured Europe, sponsored by the American Home Economies Assn. Mrs. Sturm is co-author of Guide to Mod em Clothing, published in 1962 and re- printed several times since. 38 KEMPF, MRS. ELEANOR (ELEANOR WRIGHT, '38, AM'58), who received the U of C Alumni Citation in 1955, became executive director, Chicago Council of Camp Fire Girls, in December. She is a social worker at the Virginia Frank Child Development Center of the Jewish Fam ily and Community Service. MOON, FREDERICK, AM'38, of Okla- homa City, a retired high school principal, was one of four receiving the University of Oklahoma Distinguished Service Cita tion in May, 1964. The Citation is the highest honor conferred by the institution (in lieu of an honorary degree, which is prohibited by Oklahoma law ) . pEBRUARY, 1965 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 29 39 SCHNERING, PHILIP B., '39, of Balti more, has been re-elected chairman of the board of Camp Fire Girls, Inc. Director of commercial development for McCor- mick & Co., he also is chairman of a Camp Fire Girls project aimed at helping girls in economically and culturally de- prived areas. Mr. Schnering is on the board of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency and was recently elected chairman of its Maryland council. 41 CHRISTOL, CARL Q., PhD'41, is profes sor of political science and international law at the University of Southern Cali fornia, Los Angeles. He is a former chair man of the department of political science at USC, where he began teaching in 1948. Mr. Christol held the Chair of Interna tional Law at the Naval War Collège, Newport, R.I., from 1961-62 and was a consultant there last September. COLBY, ROBERT A., AM'41, AM'42, PhD'49, and DAVID C. LIBBEY, AM'48, hâve been appointed associate professor and assistant professor, respectively, in the library science department of Southern Connecticut State Collège, New Haven. Before going there, Mr. Colby was head of the division of the arts in the Queens Collège, City University of New York, library. He has taught at Hunter Collège, Lake Forest Collège, Illinois, and Illinois Institute of Technology. In addition to writing articles and reviews in library journals, Mr. Colby has recently com- pleted a manuscript on the development of the Nineteenth Century Novel. Mr. Libbey has studied and taught at Rutgers University, where he was head of référ ence in its Newark Collèges Library. He was also on the library staff of Washing ton State University in Pullman and a librarian in the New York Public Library. 42 EDELMAN, JACOB MURRAY, AM'42, professor of political science at the Uni versity of Illinois in Urbana, is the author of The Symbolic Uses of Politics, pub lished by the University of Illinois Press. Mr. Edelman writes that the individual's rôle in politics is not what the citizen thinks it is, that the political act is actually symbolic of the real act, and that political actions shape man's actions and know- ledge. Mr. Edelman has also written The Licensing of Radio Services in the United States, 1927-1947 and, with Robben W. Flemming, The Politics of Wage-Price Décisions, 1946-1963: A Four-Country Analysis. STEWART, ALBERT, '42, SM'48, is among three new members named to the board of trustées of the Children's Aid Society in New York, which is enlarging its board to permit représentation by more sectors of New York. Mr. Stewart, assistant direc tor, diversified new product development of Union Carbide Corporation's consumer products division since 1963, has taught at several universities, including the U of C. Before coming to Union Carbide in 1956, Mr. Stewart was associated with Sher- win Williams Paint Co. and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He is a member of several civic groups, has written ar ticles appearing in scientific journals and received an Alumni Merit Award from St. Louis University, where he earned his PhD. 45 ANTEL, JOHN J., MD'45, who has had a private practice of psychiatry (gênerai and child psychotherapy ) in Palo Alto, Calif., since 1954, has been appointed to the clinic at Stanford University. GOLDBERGER, RABBI DANIEL, '45, AM'50, has started work for a ThD degree at Iliff School of Theology, Denver. His wife, the former IDA PATINKIN, '46, is completing her teaching requirements at Denver University. 46 ARNST, ELMER, AM'46, is assistant pro fessor of éducation and psychology at Concordia Teachers Collège in River Forest, III. OLSON, CARL A., MBA'46, secretary- treasurer of International Steel Co., Evans- ville, Ind., was elected secretary and member of the board of directors of Extruded Alloys Corp., Bedford, Ind., July 1. In September he was elected vice- président, secretary-treasurer, and mem ber of the board of directors of Engineer ing Métal Products Corp., Indianapolis. 47 BLAKE, HARLAN, '47, AM'48, JD'54, a professor of law at Columbia University, is co-author of an article, "In Défense • of Anti-Trust," which appeared in the August issue of Fortune magazine. His wife, the former BARBARA BARKE, '45, AM'48, was campaign manager for the Reform Independent Democrats, the party organization in New York's 5th Assembly District South. RICHMAN, CHARLES, '47, was recently elected président of the board of directors of the Hyde Park Neighborhood Club. Mr. Richman is vice-président of Martin E. Janis Co., a Chicago public relations firm. THE NEW CHICAGO CHAIR An attractive, sturdy, comfortable chair flnished in jet black with gold trim and gold silk-screened University shield. $34.00 Order from and make checks pay able to THE ALTJMNI ASSOCIATION 5733 University Ave., Chicago 37 Chairs will be shipped express col- lect from Gardner, Mass. within one month. YOUR FAVORITE FOVJSTAIJS TREAT TASTES BETTER [T Swift & Company A product of \\ 7409 So. State Street IL Phone RAdcliffe 3-7400 30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE FEBRUARY, 1965 48 HENRY, LAURIN L., AM'48, PhD'60, of Charlottesville, Va., has become profes sor of government and foreign affairs at the University of Virginia after nine years at the Brookings Institution, Wash ington, D. C. LIBBEY, DAVID C, AM'48, see mention under ROBERT A. COLBY, AM'41, AM'42, PhD'49. 49 KING, JAMES R., MBA '49, Chicago, is now assistant sales manager for market development, following a reorganization of executive responsibilities of Quaker Oats Company's chemical division. Mr. King, formerly manager of market devel opment, has been with Quaker since 1949, before which he was an engineer at American Cyanamid Co., Bound Brook, N.J. and at Argonne National Laboratory, Chicago. La BARGE, ALFRED, MBA'49, has been appointed manager of the Corporate Plan ning Office of Ford Motor Crédit Co., Dearborn. Mich. Mr. La Barge, with that division since 1963, had been em ployed by Finance Staff, Ford Motor Co., from 1950. PEAKSON, LEONARD, AM'49, PhD'56, is président of Psychologists Interested in the Advancement of Psychotherapy (PIAP), a 500-member national organ- ization of the American Psychological Assn. Mr. Pearson is also Director of Psy- chology, Speech & Hearing at Schwab Rehabilitation Hospital, Chicago, and as sistant professor, department of neurology and psychiatry and department of physi- cal medicine and rehabilitation, Chicago Médical School. SARABIA, ANTONIO R., JD'49, who has been with the law firm of Lord, Bissell and Brook in Chicago since September 1, married Jean McVoy Conger on Septem ber 19. SELZ, PETER, AM'49, PhD'54, of New York, is the author of a monograph on artist Max Beckmann, which was pub lished by the Muséum of Modem Art and distributed by Doubleday & Co. Mr. Selz' book accompanied a rétrospective exhibi tion of Mr. Beckmann's work at the Mu séum of Fine Arts in Boston last fall and at the Muséum of Modem Art in New York this winter. In the spring the exhibi tion moves to Chicago's Art Institute. 50 BROWN, LEONARD B., AM'50, formerly manager of manpower development, Hunt Foods, is now manager of industrial rela tions of that company's W. P. Fuller Division. Mr. Brown is married and has two daughters, Deborah and Susan. SCHILLER, HILLEL ALBERT, AM'50, of New York, reviews science books for the Book-of-the-Month Club and is now director of the National Design Center Book Shops of New York and Chicago. ZIELSKE, HUGH, MBA'50, vice-président and research director of Foote, Cône and Belding advertising agency, and WIL LIAM H. REYNOLDS, PhD'51, associate professor of marketing and transportation at the University of Southern California, comprise two-fîfths of the faculty of a 30-week institute of advanced advertising studies at USC's Graduate School of Busi ness Administration. Mr. Zielske has been with F.C.&B. for 16 years; Mr. Reynolds spent ten years as market research coor- dinator for Ford Motor Co. 51 FENWICK, MISS SARA, AM'51, of Chi cago, was a Fulbright senior lecturer in Australia, March to October, 1964. REYNOLDS, WILLIAM H., PhD'51, is one of a five-man faculty for a spécial advertising institute at the University of Southern California. See item for HUGH ZIELSKE, MBA'50, for a fuller account. 52 BAGGALEY, ANDREW, PhD'52, of the department of psychology at Temple Uni versity, Philadelphia, is the author of Intermediate Correlational Methods, pub lished by John Wiley & Sons, New York. FINK, DONALD, '52, SB'54, MD'56, and his wife hâve a new baby, Nancy, boni December 7. Nancy has two brothers, âges four and two. Her aunt is MRS. DONALD BOBZAK, (LENORE FINK, '59), who is working on her Master's degree in English literature at Northwest ern University. LISCHNER, HAROLD W., MD'52, has succeeded in getting his license to prac- tice medicine in Missouri through inter vention of the Cole County Circuit Court after the Missouri State Board of Regis- tration of the Healing Arts initially re- jected his application. Dr. Lischner was a pacifist and conscientious objector in World War II, when he was 20, and at one time worked for a Quaker health and social welfare organization in Korea. He has previously been licensed in Pennsyl- vania and California. McKEEVER, MISS MADRIGALE, PhD '52, of Bloomington, 111., has taken three vacation trips to Europe in the last three years. Miss McKeever, a clinical psycholo- gist, is a consultant for Lincoln Collège and Illinois Wesleyan University. For the last five years she has been formulating a theory on reading disability. RIDLEY, ELTON T., MBA'52, assistant administrator at the Indiana University Médical Center for the past 10 years and staff member since 1951, has been named acting administrator. He is also assistant professor in hospital administration for the LU. School of Medicine. Mr. Ridley, author of articles in professional journals, is a Fellow of the American Collège of Hospital Administrators and past prési dent of the Indianapolis Area Hospital Council. 53 KEMP, MISS LORENA, PhD'53, newly named public relations représentative of the National Council of Teachers of English for West Virginia, attended the International Graduate Summer School at Oxford University in England for six weeks last summer. 54 MARLIN, JOSEPH R., AM'54, AM'60, a psychiatrie social worker at the Jewish Children's Bureau of Chicago, married Shirley Ann Crossen, a social worker at Michael Reese Hospital, June 7. 55 COOPER, CHARLES N., '55, has been appointed director of research develop ment of the metropolitan Chicago YMCA, where he has been assistant director of the detached worker program for the last three of his five years with the program. Last year he was a principal investigator under a National Institutes of Mental Health research grant. Since July, he has been on loan to the Chicago Committee on Urban Opportunity's planning staff for Chicago's attack on poverty. In his new position, Mr. Cooper will link YMCA research programs and actual opérations. FEBRUARY, 1965 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 31 HILL, JOHN C, JR., MBA'55, is com mander of Detachment Six of the Air Force Systems Command's Space Systems Division, located at Los Angeles Air Force station. Lt. Col. Hill's detachment man- ages satellite programs for the Air Force. HOLL, MISS MARIAN, MBA'55, became a planning associate with the Hospital Review and Planning Council of southem New York in March, 1964. 56 HINK, DOUGLAS, AM'56, of San Fran cisco, is currently study director of the California Heart Association's Community Services Project. MOVSESIAN, EDGAR A., JR., MBA'56, is guidance counselor in charge of collège sélection and information at Danbury (Conn.) High School. He and his wife, Jean, hâve a daughter, Janice, born Octo ber 6, 1963. SCHWABE, ARTHUR, MD'56, is assistant professor of medicine in résidence at the U.C.L.A. médical center, and chief of gastroenterology at the Harbor General Hospital in Torrence, California. SMITH, GEORGE E., SM'56, PhD'59, is the new head of Bell Téléphone Labora tories' device concepts department in Murray Hill, N.J. In this capacity Mr. Smith studies new concepts in semi-con- ductor électron devices, a job which in volves creating and manipulating light in solids and investigating device possibili tés of new materials. Prior to his promo tion he did research on electronic proper- ties of semi-metals. SYMMES, MRS. JEAN (EDITH JEAN SINCLAIR, PhD'56), is an instructor in psychology at Southern Connecticut State Collège in New Haven. She has been a teaching assistant at Yale University, has conducted research for the Research Foundation, State University of New York at Albany, and has had articles pub lished in professional journals. 57 GARTLER, LEON, '57, SB'57, SM'57, is now assistant professor in the chemistry department at Brooklyn Collège of the City University of New York. He and his wife became parents of their first child, Jan Maret, August 14. REIQUAM, HOWARD E., SM'57, of Seat tle, Wash., recently received certification as a consulting meteorologist from the American Meteorological Society. WAGSTAFF, MISS ALICE K., AM'57, PhD'59, chairman of the department of psychology at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, was named an associate pro fessor of psychology in September. 58 EKLUND, EMMET, AM'58, of Tacoma, Wash., received his Doctorate from Bos ton University last June. He is now with the department of religion at Pacific Lutheran University. MALONEY, RAYMOND A., MBA'58, has retired as a major in the U.S. Air Force after 20 years of service. Prior to his retirement he earned a USAF Commen- dation Medal for work as a division chief at Space Systems Division in Los Angeles. Major Maloney served in the China- Burma-India Theater during World War II and new 51 combat missions as a bombardier in the B-24 aircraft. He holds the Purple Heart, the Distinguished Fly- ing Cross, and the Air Medal with one oak leaf cluster. WOLIVER, ROBERT M., MBA'58, a major in the United States Air Force, is opérations plans officer at Forbes Air Force Base, Kan. 59 FILA, ELAINE, AM'59, of Cicero, 111., is now an instructor in public health nursing at De Paul University in Chicago. GERNON, WILLIAM, '59, MD'63, who completed internship at Billings Hospital at the U of C in June, is now serving with the Army Médical Corps at Irwin Army Hospital, Ft. Riley, Kan. After his two- year tour there, Dr. Gernon plans to return to Billings for residency in ear, nose and throat. He and his wife, the former ANDREA SCHMIDT, '61, hâve a son, John, born August 6, 1963. HULETT, RALPH G., MBA'59, has been promoted from assistant secretary to sec ond vice président in the Trust Depart ment of Northern Trust Co., Chicago. Mr. Hulett is an Air Force vétéran, a member of the Calumet, 111., Businessman's Club, and a member of the Lions Club. LEYPOLDT, MISS MARTHA, AM'59, a professor at North American Baptist Sem- inary in Sioux Falls, S. D., received a Doctorate in Education from Indiana University in August. In November she represented South Dakota at the Adult Education Association Conférence in Milwaukee. 60 HUDSON, MRS. AL (BARBARA WESO- LOWSKI, '60), of Chicago, gave birth to a son, Joseph Jude, on June 11. VAN DYKE, LOUIS, '60, AM'61, of Hins- dale, 111., is a volunteer anthropologist with the^Peace Corps in Peru. 62 m\s^ *& BRAUD, SAMUEL P., MBA'62, of Shreve- port, La., was decorated with the U. S. Air Force Commendation Medal at Bang kok, Thailand, where he has been assigned to headquarters of the Joint U. S. Military Advisory Group. Capt. Braud earned the medal for meritorious service while he was accounting and finance officer in the Cleveland, Ohio, Contract Management District. JOHANNING, JON, '62, of Indianapolis, who is working on his doctorate in philos- ophy at Yale University, has been named a McCormick fellow there for the second time. McCormick fellowships, awarded this year to nine Yale students, were established through a gift of the late Col. Robert McCormick, editor and publisher of the Chicago Tribune. Mr. Johanning plans to be a teacher. 64 BRYSON, GEORGE, MBA'64, was ap pointed to a newly-created position ot statistical analyst in the production plan ning department at Baxter Laboratories, Inc., Morton Grove, 111. Mr. Bryson, who has been with the firm for three years, was previously a buyer in the purchas»? department. 32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE FEBRUARY, 1965 Memorials PARKER, MRS. FRED T. (formerly Bijou Babb, '02 ), of Hamilton, Mont, died May 2. HEMPSTEAD, HESTËR (formerly Hester Ridlon, '03), of Lakeland, Fia., died December 2. GEISTER, JANET M.5 '14, of Evanston, Hl., died December 9. After finishing col lège she was an infant welfare nurse in Chicago, but she soon began an extra- nursing career which entailed taking sur- veys, making studies, and writing articles on nursing and health. She was an editor of The Trained Nurse and Hospital Re vient, a nursing journal, and was executive director of the American Nurses Assn. for six years. After retirement from editing in 1946 she devoted her time to writing, contributing monthly to a nursing maga zine. At the time of her death she had written more than 300 articles. KENOYER, LESLIE, PhD'16, of San An tonio, Texas, died January 2, 1964. CHARLES, WILLIAM B., AM'18, DB19, °f Los Angeles, died in January, 1964. &ABCOCK, MRS. MARGARET (formerly Margaret Cullen, '19), of Chicago, died December 5. in 1940 she had retired after a long teaching career there. BARNES, CLARENCE A., MD'19, of Waukegan, 111., died in June, 1964. MORRISON, JOHN A., AM'20, of Dallas, died November 20. Until his retirement in 1958 he had been a division com mander in the Salvation Army. SHELDON, HAROLD HORTON, PhD'20, chairman of the physics department at Roosevelt University in Chicago since 1956, died December 24 at the âge of 71. Mr. Sheldon was a leading specialist in photoelectric color meâsurement and in conduction of electricity through crys- tals— basic to the entire present-day field of electronics. He also worked with ab sorption of gases by charcoal, ultra-high- radio frequencies, sound recordings, and X-rays. He was a faculty member at the U of C (in the early twenties), the Uni versity of Michigan, New York Univer sity, and the University of Miami, Fia. In addition to his teaching and research achievements Mr. Sheldon was science editor of the New York Herald Tribune from 1928-31, wrote five books, and was a consultant to the U. S. Department of the Interior. CLARKE, ELBERT, PhD'22, chairman of the math department of Hiram Collège, Hiram, Ohio, for 40 years, died October 24. He was debate coach and taught astronomy at Hiram, besides teaching graduate math courses at Western Reserve University, 1955-56. Mr. Clarke, who re tired in 1957, was an ordained minister of the Christian Missionary Society, and a mayor of Hiram, where he had also been councilman and trustée on the Board of Public Affairs. DAVIES, WILLIAM W., MD'22, of Ken- dall, Fia., died November 17. ZAVERTNIK, RICHARD J., '23, a Chicago attorney, died November 26. FOSTER, JOHN W., MD'30, of Winston- Salem, N.C., died November 7. A special ist in internai medicine and gastroenter- ology, Dr. Foster had been a staff member of the Vétérans Administration régional office in Winston-Salem since 1947. In 1953 he was named outpatient clinic di rector. Two state-wide awards, one from the Vétérans of Foreign Wars and the other from the American Légion, came to him because of his VA work. In addi tion to being a member of the American Médical Assn., the county and state méd ical societies, and the North Carolina Bar Assn. ( Dr. Foster earned a law degree at the University of North Carolina ) , he was a Mason and a Shriner. Dr. Foster served three years in the Army during World War II and was discharged as a lieu tenant colonel in 1946. WOHLBERG, RALPH, '32, of Chicago, died December 6. SMITH, PAULINE L., (formerly Betsy Pauline Lacy, AM'35), a retired teacher from Madison, Wisc, died October 11. ENGEL, LEONARD, '36, of Larchmont, N.Y., died December 6. He had written over 400 articles on science and medicine for 50 magazines, including Harpers, Colliers, and The New York Times Maga zine. He was author of a book on mod em surgery, The Opération, and he had almost completed The New Genetics. A man who went to the source for his writings, Mr. Engels joined an Antarctic cruise in 1960 as a seaman for several months in order to learn about oceanog- raphy. Long Island University and the American Heart Assn. gave him awards for science writing and articles on heart disease. COPE, EVERETT S., AM'46, of Silver Spring, Md., died December 3. He had been a social worker for several years. This little wafer of glass is one of the most significant téléphone advances since the invention of the transistor. Reason? It's a complète electrical circuit, ready to be slipped into a pièce of communi cations equipment. In the years to corne, as it finds its way into new Bell System "hardware," it will save money and help hold down the cost of your téléphone service. We deposit thin films of métal only four miïlionths of an inch thick on a glass surface like that shown in the picture above. Because thin-film circuits are photo-etched on the glass, they can be made economically. And because a number of components and connections can be Consolidated into one unit, thin-film circuitry is extremely reliable and précise. Thin-film technology has benefited from many important contributions by Bell Télé phone Laboratories. It is now being applied to a number of Bell System products manu- factured by Western Electric. Among thèse are a new Electronic Central Office, a new high-speed data transmission System, and a new switchboard. Thin as the film is, its future is big in our plans to keep improving your téléphone ser vice while helping to hold down its cost. Bell System American Téléphone and Telegraph Co. and Associated Companies