I THE UNIVERSITY OF (H KAQO MA^AZI N E I !Si 1050 * i U' 5(J! N O V E M B J ow SCIENCE Makes Good Eggs Better VITAMIN D potency increased tenfold, taste improved, shell strong and per fect. Superior eggs — and more of them — because the poultry raiser has systematically treated his flock with ultraviolet light. More and better milk, healthier cows, a lower bacteria count — also the result of ultraviolet treatment. These are benefits which are passed on to you in the form of better-quality food products. Superior vegetables for your table — earlier, sturdier plants are produced by electric sterilization and heating of the soil. Incan descent lighting stimulates and controls plant growth. X-ray treatment of seeds and bulbs is producing new and improved varie ties of plants. These and other new move ments in agriculture are increasing the certainty of a high-quality food supply. In these movements General Electric is co operating with many agricultural labora tories and farm experts. Some of these developments would have been impracticable without earlier G-E research, for from the Research Laboratory, in Schenectady, came the necessary tools for investigation and application of its results. In every field of productive endeavor, G-E research is contributing to the progress toward higher standards oj living 96-293DH GENERAL 11 ELECTRIC THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE PUBLISHED BY THE ALUMNI Charlton T. Beck, '04 Editor and Business Manager COUNCIL Fred B. Millett, PhD '31; John P. Howe, '27; William V. Morgenstern, ''20, JD '22 Contributing Editors Milton E. Robinson, Jr., 11, JD '13; Louise Norton Swain, '09, AM '16; John J. McDonough, '28 Council Committee on Publications FRONTING the Midway stands comparatively new Wieboldt Hall and sheer-faced Harper Library with its familiar low towers and cupola spires. On the cover we present a view of this Midway frontage as glimpsed on an early fall stroll along 59th Street. As you turn the page, Cobb Hall, a doorway study by Clay Kelly, is seen. This is the first of such draw ings by this artist which will appear in the Magazine. Mr. Kelly is a graduate of the Kentucky College of Music and Art. He has, in addition, attended the National Academy of Design and has studied in Italy. Elsewhere will be found details for obtaining larger prints, framed or un- framed, of this and successive draw ings by him. We are especially fortunate in bringing to our readers the address of Doctor Charles H. Judd as pre sented at the August Convocation. To thousands of Chicago alumni Doctor Judd has proved a stimulating teacher and an inspiring leader. They wel come the opportunity of getting his opinion upon the trends of education in a changing world. Emmet Bay, the new associate dean of the Biological Sciences Divi sion in charge of Rush Medical Col lege, does his best to answer the ques tion which has shrouded the Univer- ity's West Side Institution for a num ber of years, "What is going to hap pen to Rush?" His article sheds light on the things in store now that N THIS ISSUE the Board of Trustees has branded the South and West Side Schools as undergraduate ' and , graduate respect ively. -- • f In his usual "modest," topical manner Howard Mort relates a bit of his summer barnstorming trip to parts East and North. If he took the jaunt in order to recuperate from the Reynolds' Club — Tower Topic s — Mitchell Tower grind, he failed miser ably — providing the few Trivial Travel Tales which he relates are any indication of University connections holding * forth in the towns and ham lets en route. From his first hand experiences abroad last spring, Fred B. Millett TABLE OF CONTENTS November, 1936 This Era of Uncertainty in Educa tion, Charles H. Judd. . . 3 The First Hundred Years Are the Hardest, Emmet B. Bay 9 Trivial Travel Tales, Howard W. Mort 11 In My Opinion 13 Chicago Alumni in the Current Magazines 15 News of the Quadrangles 16 The Campus Dissenter, Sam Hair.. 23 News of the Month in Pictures 24 Athletics 26 Winds Over the Campus, A Review, Carl Grabo 30 Puerto Rico Alumni 31 News of the Classes 32 in his monthly contribution contrasts the American shore to Merry Eng land's in matters of climate, food, state of servitude, and what-not. At least he likes their breakfasts! Chucked full with happenings hereabouts since summer is William V. Morgenstern's News oj the Quad- i rangles. If you are interested in the FACTS concerning the new student crop, new faculty additions, and old faculty accomplishments, don't miss it. It's longer than usual, but it de serves to be, as it describes the de velopments of a full three" months. • Sam Hair takes time off again to depict popularly ("give the low down on" in typical undergraduate, jargon) the student angle as he sees it. '1 This r still remains our directory of the latest goings on in the student strata of University Society. • John Howe continues at his best in giving the true "dope" on the grid iron activity at Stagg Field, season 1936, and adds a bit of speculation as to the future of athletics at the University. Something different is our pictur- ization of This Month on Campus. Newsy captions to match candid camera shots make up the two-page spread in the center of this issue. Upon the request of the author, Carl Grabo reviews James Weber Linn's Winds Over the Campus, a modern-times sequel to This Was Life. Published by the Alumni Council of the University of Chicago, monthly, from November to July. Office of Publication, 403 Gobb Hall, 58th St. at Ellis Avenue, Chicago. Annual subscription price $2.00. Single copies 25 cents. Entered as second class matter December 1, 1934, at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, "under the act of March 3, 1879. The Graduate Group, Inc., 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City, is the official advertising agency of the University of Chicago Magazine. « * '-n /-**'» r-- iV- c^'KeMy . Drawing by Clay Kelly ITS STEPS ARE WORN BY STEADY TREAD OF STUDENT FEET Cobb Hall— The University of 1892— Is But One of Four Score Grey, Gothic Buildings in 1936 THE UNIVERSITY OF VOLUME XXIX Number I CHICAGO MAGAZINE NOVEMBER, 1936 THIS ERA OF UNCERTAINTY In Education •By CHARLES H. JUDD, Head of the Department of Education CONCRETE, easily observable occurrences in the life of a nation often secure attention to a de gree altogether out of keeping with their im portance. A filibuster in Congress, the death of a ruler and the attempted assassination of a monarch are re corded as significant happenings, while important de bates on fundamental national issues and the play of subtle, silent psychological forces which prepare the way for revolution or contribute to the conservative per petuation of established institutions escape entirely the popular eye and ear. Fortunately, the discriminating writers of history are turning away from the obvious and the superficial and are seeking to discover the springs of human action by studying attitudes of mind and trends of thought. In The Epic of America, for example, James Truslow Adams explains American democracy by tracing it back to the habits of self-denying industry cultivated by the early New Englanders in meeting the severe conditions under which they lived. He also points out that later generations of men were changed in their ideals and consequently in their social and political aspirations and choices by the experiences of frontier life. It is appropriate on an occasion such as this to take as the subject of discussion certain present-day con troversies in the world of intellect which are often over looked but are fraught with possible consequences of the greatest significance for the modern world. These controversies are being waged by opposing groups hold ing widely differing views with respect to the functions and methods of education. In their external manifesta tions educational conflicts are far less spectacular than are struggles for political power or economic gain. Many people think of controversies in education as mere scho lastic debates. The distractions which arise from cur rent events make it very difficult to induce people in general to consider seriously and profoundly the dis agreements which divide the educational world with re spect to the curriculum, methods of teaching and the ad ministrative conduct of the educational system. Yet Address delivered at the 0»ne Hundred and Eighty-fifth Convocation ot the University of Chicago on August 28, 1936. there can be no doubt that national life and national be havior will be influenced fundamentally and perma nently by the wisdom or the lack of wisdom exhibited by the older generation in its cultivation of attitudes in the young people who are being equipped in educational institutions for the responsibilities of later personal life and citizenship. In some of the countries of Europe uncertainties and obscurities with regard to education have been swept aside by authoritative governmental action. In no coun try is this more emphatically true than in Germany. German universities were a short generation ago the homes of the most advanced and the most abstract re search in pure science. It was in Germany that the bat tle for freedom to teach and for freedom to learn was first fiercely waged and apparently won. The present ruling powers of Germany have commanded the uni versities and the lower schools in the most drastic edicts to turn their energies away from abstractions to the practical services of the state and to devote themselves to indoctrinating all whom they can influence in a theory regarding national life formulated and promulgated by the civil administration. Intellectual leaders are intimi dated. They see their colleagues dismissed for pronouncements which are contrary to governmental or ders. Even in the earliest stages of their schooling chil dren are told that the members of the early Germanic tribes were not crude barbarians, that history has been false in its reports of what happened among the warlike hordes of the North and that the accidental superiority of -the nations of southern Europe in the literary arts is the explanation of the widespread misunderstanding of the characteristics of the early Teutons. Something of the same kind of intellectual regimenting that is being practiced in Germany has appeared in Italy. The school histories have been rewritten, and every possible device has been adopted to inculcate the views of life appropriate to a militaristic and totalitarian state. In Russia the leaders of the revolution broke as com pletely as possible with the educational traditions of the past, reconstructing the subjects taught in the schools and adopting new methods of instruction and discipline 3 4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE because they recognized more clearly than was ever recognized before that a revolution to be successful must change people's minds and hearts as well as the externals of governmental organization. Today the break with tradition is less marked, but there is authoritative con trol of education guided by a clear understanding of the importance of securing unity of national purpose through concentration of all minds on definite goals of economic and social achievement. In the United States there is no such dictation of educational policies by central governmental authority as there is in the three European countries to which refer ence has been made. On this side of the Atlantic there is unlimited local freedom in the formulation of pol icies of instruction and of school administration. For freedom to experiment in education we ought to be de voutly thankful. The American spirit is opposed to the kind of domination of people's thinking now being at tempted by Old World dictators. While we can and should rejoice in the absence in this country of ham pering edicts issued by those who are bent on using the schools for purposes of social and political control, we ought to be aware of the dangers which beset free dom. We ought to face frankly the fact that we have been so occupied with the development of our material resources that uncertainties with regard to what educa tion should be and do have been allowed to accumulate until now there is an imminent possibility that these uncertainties will lead to social disintegration. One of the most acute problems of education on which there is lack of agreement among the people of the United States relates to the range of the opportunities which are to be provided for the young people of this country. Ten years ago there was no such dispute about access to educational privileges as there is today. In the days of abundant financial resources it was com monly assumed that the United States had definitely and finally arrived at the conclusion that every young per son who wants to do so has a right to go to a free high school and that admission to college is open to all who are even moderately competent. The idea that education above the elementary level ; should become universal was discussed and accepted not only in meetings of teachers but also in meetings of lay groups, such as labor organizations and granges. Communities built without hesitation high-school buildings that rivaled the county courthouses on which earlier generations feasted their local pride. Endowments and legislative appropriations were showered on institutions of higher education. Then came the autumn of 1929. It is altogether astonishing to find the number of people now coming forward and asserting that they have long had grave doubts about the quality of education above the elementary grades and about the desirability of providing such education for all comers. Views which were in hiding ten years ago are displayed with something approaching ostenta tion. The critics of high schools and colleges sometimes ex press their objections to these institutions in indirect ways. They say that the country is in need of highly trained leaders carefully selected and specially groomed for the race of life. They take the position that to mix prospective leaders with the common herd is to defeat the purposes of education. The standards of the higher schools, they say, are deplorably low because of such mixture. They even go so far as to say that these standards are steadily deteriorating. Other critics talk less about leadership and more about the objectionable characteristics of the higher schools. They assert that high schools and colleges are excessively costly and not correspondingly productive, that they teach subjects unsuited to modern life, and that they are allowing the young people who attend them to drift into habits of sloth and snobbishness. In sup port of these contentions, they point out that crime is on the increase, that social maladjustments are many and glaring, and that popular respect for the finer as pects of civilization is far less than it should be. If one tries to meet such arguments by appealing to American ideals of democracy or to the necessity of satisfying the demands of the public, one is very soon forced to the conclusion that assertion and counter as sertion at the level of mere dispute are unconvincing. Compromises are sometimes suggested in the effort to allay acrimonious discussion. The proposal is made that indolent or incompetent students be allowed to attend high schools and colleges but be denied the privilege of graduation, or it is suggested that there be two kinds of graduation, one for pass students based on little work and one for honor students attesting high-grade industry and achievement. Such compromises do not solve the problem of the proper range of education. No com promise will remove from the minds of the American people the profound uncertainty which exists with re gard to the desirability of universal education above the elementary level. A second educational problem concerning which there is violent disagreement relates to vocational education. The value of such education as contrasted with the value of traditional academic education is so much in dispute that animosities have been aroused to a degree that has affected national policy. In 1917 a vigorous group of educational reformers claiming to represent the manu facturers induced Congress to set up a special federal board to promote vocational education. Harsh words were spoken by this group regarding the traditional cur riculum and about those who administered it. Advo cates of vocational courses pointed out that a large per centage of the young people of school age were not in school because they were dissatisfied with what was there offered. The proposal was made that a dual educational system be set up, one branch to prepare skilled laborers and the other to prepare those who were to enter the professions. Since 1917 elaborate experiments in voca tional education have been tried. The results of these experiments have been reported by one group of edu cators as demonstrating the necessity of increased atten tion in the schools to the cultivation of manual skills. The results of the same experiments have been cited by another group as showing conclusively the importance of general education and the futility of any effort on the part of the schools to prepare young people in the THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 5 present period of rapidly changing industry and com merce for specific types of occupational activity. Heated arguments and discordant committee pronouncements have resulted from the uncertainty as to the outcomes of vocational education. The public has been growing more and more confused. Suspicion has gained ground that no one knows exactly what ought to be done to pre pare young people for later life. A third educational problem on which there is little or no agreement concerns the organization of instruc tional materials and the presentation of these materials to learners. The radical changes in the character of American life which came in 1870 and the years fol lowing as a result of what the historians sometimes call the "second industrial revolution" and the subsequent reforms in education which were inaugurated in the decade following 1890 by such thinkers and educational administrators as John Dewey, Francis W. Parker, Charles W. Eliot, William Rainey Harper, G. Stanley Hall and the Herbartians led to what may properly be called a genuine upheaval in American education. So completely has confidence in traditional practices dis appeared that anyone with a strong voice seems to be able to secure a hearing and attract followers for almost any kind of educational doctrine. A new but by no means universally accepted view with regard to methods of teaching may be selected for discussion as typical of the many which are being ad vanced at the present time. The so-called "activity pro gram" has been vigorously advocated of late as a sub stitute for the traditional program of teaching in the lower schools. The science of psychology has recog nized ever since William James wrote his monumental volumes that the reactions of human beings are quite as important in explaining mental life as are the impres sions which the outer world offers to the senses. The emphasis given in psychology to reactions has been in terpreted by some educators as justification for accept ance of the theory that the major duty of the school is to keep children engaged in various forms of overt ac tivity rather than in contemplative study. In its ex treme form this theory goes so far as to hold that what children do should be determined by their own impulses or interests, not by any impositions from without. The extremists among the advocates of the activity program scorn the traditional school subjects. They stigmatize these subjects as artificial and formal, as stifling to in itiative and destructive of personality. Here again counter arguments and proposals of com promise are not effective in allaying disagreements. In deed, there is a marked tendency for the warring parties to organize separate domains sharply marked off by barbed-wire entanglements of vilifying epithets. There are disputes and uncertainties with regard to educational problems other than those which have been referred to in the foregoing paragraphs. One disastrous result of the situation is that many of the most highly trained minds have shown a steadily increasing dis position to withdraw from the consideration of the prob lems of education. The aloofness of those who might contribute to the removal of uncertainties is accentu ated as a result of the trend of modern scholarship to- Judd Urges Education to keep pace with changing order ward extreme specialization. The physicist and the student of comparative philology, find ing that re search in their special f i e 1 ds issues in con clusions which can be re garded as alto gether certain, are reluctant to engage in dis- t r acting dis putes about educational ex periments and social adjust ments. The academic mind has always been disposed to seek quiet and seclusion, where thinking can go forward without disturbance. I recall an occasion when I was engaged in urging on one of my colleagues the importance of induc ing members of university faculties to devote some of their time and energy to the consideration of crucial problems of education. I pointed out a fact which I felt sure ought to attract the attention of my colleague. I said that the subject which is his specialty is gradually being pushed out of the high school because it is badly organ ized for purposes of teaching. I said that the maintenance of a high grade of work in the university in this particular subject requires, according to my view, a better treat ment of its elements in the lower schools. I made a plea for cooperation between specialists in the university and teachers in the lower schools in bringing about de sirable changes in materials and methods of instruction which the teachers cannot effect without assistance. Did I make an impression on my erudite colleague? I did not. He frankly said that his interest and the in terests of the members of his department were wholly absorbed in the remote and strictly theoretical aspects of his subject. It is undoubtedly true that concentration on spe cialties has contributed enormously to the intellectual life of our times. I have no quarrel with enlightened specialization. My duty here and now is to point out that, while specialists delve into the depths of the eternal mysteries which they are attempting to solve, society is not securing the cooperation of many of the ablest minds in solving some of its most fundamental problems. It is my firm belief that confusion in the world of mind is the real cause of the present chaos in the world of concrete happenings. Life has grown so complex and its instruments have become so abstract that human ca pacities are overtaxed. The result is bewilderment and a type of ineffective action not unlike that which appears 6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE when men are lost in the forest and circle round and round looking vainly for the way out. Let us consider briefly an illustration entirely outside the field of education which will serve to make clear the fact that the increasing complexity and abstractness re sulting from social evolution give rise to dangers which threaten to destroy the gains this evolution has achieved. There was a time when industry was simple. Each task to which men devoted their energies could be seen and understood as a concrete unit of work. Then came ex change, division of labor, large-scale production and the beginnings of an era of plenty. The consequence of these developments was the growth of a system which extends in its interdependencies far beyond the ken of the individual. In order to attain the highest success under present-day conditions, men must cultivate forms of insight and a range of understanding which are im possible of acquisition through mere personal observa tion and direct individual contact. Knowledge of an indirect, abstract type is essential to self-guidance. Men who are trained only in the simpler ways of thinking are easy victims of misleading influences. Being half aware of their deficiencies, they are afr.aid and confused. Many are idle today because they do not know where to turn in order to make their energies productive. The cure for industrial chaos is intelligent adaptation of individuals to the conditions which surround them. Such adaptation is possible only when education has prepared individuals to solve problems through the ex ercise of analysis and reason. The time has passed when men can safely depend on their blind instincts and their untrained impulses. The complexity of modern indus try must somehow be resolved for both employers and employees through clear understanding of social rela tions and social equities. If there was ever a time when / education ought to be in a position to help individuals to cope with the problems of life, it is the present, when individuals need to be guided in their attitudes and be havior by ideas far broader than those which were adequate when life was chiefly concerned with the ma nipulation of the visible and tangible objects of the im mediate environment. We find at this moment when education is most needed so much disagreement and un certainty about every phase of teaching and of school and college administration that the situation seems almost hopeless. Education is at war with itself and is only serving in a very partial way to rescue industry and society in general from the difficulties which threaten civilization. It is not enough during this period of transition from direct modes of life to indirect that men learn new facts of the same concrete type that served adequately as guides in earlier stages of civilization. It is not enough that there be added to knowledge gained through ob servation of things in the immediate environment knowl edge regarding things which are remote. The signifi cance of many of the most commonplace facts of life has undergone fundamental change because of the new setting of these facts. A striking illustration of the truth of what has been said appears in the evolution of communication. An- No Longer Should students graduate as mere specialists thropology long ago discovered that the compass of group life is determined by the range of easy communi cation. As new means of ready communication are per fected, social units increase in size and complexity. It is possible, for example, for the United States to main tain a unified civilization spread across a broad conti nent because the people of this country speak a common language and because invention has supplied means of instant communication between the different parts of the vast territory. A highly evolved language capable of expressing all kinds of ideas and elaborate mechanical means of communication are bonds which make pos sible great expansion of group life. Is it to be inferred that the evolutionary process which has enlarged and unified national organization will shortly result in a federation of the nations of the world? The answer to this question is obvious. Social evolution by its very progress has created a situation so complex that com munication has a new effect. Diplomacy is today dis tinctly unfavorable to federation. In the chancelleries of every civilized nation there is immediate information regarding every move that is made by other nations. Facility of communication, which is an essential condi tion for internal solidarity of a social group, has now become a means of crystallizing national solidarity and of strengthening the resistance of each nation against absorption into a single, inclusive federation. If one knows what one's rivals are about to do, one can erect defenses with a view to maintaining isolation. Before the federation of the nations of the world is possible new patterns of thought and behavior must be cultivated. Evolution is always in jeopardy of defeating itself by producing forms of life or types of institutions which are so highly perfected in one respect that they lose their balance and go to destruction because of their very perfection. The only hope for international unity is the education of the peoples of the world in the ways of co operative living. In order that men may act interna tionally they must think internationally. So long as THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 7 education is nationalistic and defensive any increase in facility of communication will be harmful rather than beneficial. What has been said up to this point leads to the highly significant conclusion that human life has reached in our day a crucial stage in its evolution. Social psychology teaches that at such a stage confusion and turmoil in variably appear because old adjustments have become obsolete and new adjustments have not reached suffi cient maturity to be effective. In order that society may extricate itself from trying situations like the present, social invention and courageous initiative are demanded. Above all, men must cultivate a comprehensive intellec tual grasp of all the elements which enter into the social complex and must develop the power of constructive thinking, which is the highest expression of human in telligence. I am optimistic enough to believe that the next few years will see a clearing-up of many of the uncertainties in education. The indications are numerous that those who are aware of the problems are beginning to secure a hearing and are able to initiate promising experiments in education. For example, all educational institutions are moving away from extreme specialization in teach ing and in organization. Our own university has seen the importance of organizing general courses which will save the individual student from becoming a narrow- minded devotee of a single line of thinking. The disin tegrating tendency to break up the institution into those fragmentary and often accidental units known as "de partments" has been in some measure checked by the as sembling of departments into divisions. To be sure, there is by no means unanimous enthusiasm for this mild invasion of departmental autonomy. Any synthesis attempted in a social system always encounters the op position of established interests. Even more significant than the changes that have been made in courses and in administrative organization are, in my opinion, the vigorous discussions which are now going on in our institution with regard to the processes of education. There was a time not long ago when in all American institutions of education students were re quired to sit at the feet of instructors and reverently repeat what was told them. The incentives offered to students who were docile were certain letters known as "grades," exchangeable in the academic market for com modities known as "credits." When credits were col lected in a sufficient number, they were accepted auto matically as the basis for the award of a degree. The University of Chicago has not left behind all the trap pings of the earlier period, but it has taken a long step in the direction of recognizing that the true purpose of education is the cultivation of intellectual independence in students. If the intellectual life of the future is to be adequate to the demands of complex modern civili zation, students must come into possession of the power of formulating for themselves broad generalizations. Students must do something more than merely remem ber facts. After all, memory is one of the lower types of mental activity. Individuals become truly educated when they learn how to use recorded knowledge for the purpose of forming independent judgments. We of this university are discussing with an intensity of interest reminiscent of the early days when the university was innovating in many lines problems which do not belong to the individual specialties of members of the faculty but belong rather to education in the broadest meaning of the word. We are asking whether it is possible to induce more thinking on the part of students by sending them to the library than by com pelling them to attend lectures or to recite on rigid assignments. We are talking about the proper con tribution of this and that type of research to the fully rounded life of the intellect. Reforms similar to those which are being inaugu rated here are being adopted at other institutions in the effort to reconstruct the educational program. Leaders in social organization as well as those responsible for the conduct of educational institutions are aroused to the necessity of better care of young people. The fed eral government, made conscious of the need for some kind of protection and training of adolescent boys who have left school and are not employed, has added a new unit to the educational system of the country in the CCC camps. These camps are in so early a stage of development that they are open to many criticisms, but they fill a need which society must recognize and must in some fashion satisfy. While this novel form of care of youth is being experimented with in the effort to supplement the traditional educational provisions for adolescents, the secondary schools and the colleges of the country are expanding their curriculums so as to give many different kinds of individuals the particular types of education which they need. A number of agen cies other than the federal government and the schools and colleges are making intensive studies of the possible and desirable methods of furnishing young people with opportunities for proper development. The American Youth Commission of the American Council on Edu cation and numerous organizations of young people are seeking to promote intelligent treatment of the youth of the nation. Especially significant is the fact that a new social science — the science of education — is rapidly accumulating a large body of fully verified conclusions which promise to give safe guidance to educational re forms. While the countries of Europe which were re ferred to earlier are attempting to remodel education by arbitrary governmental edicts, this country is under taking to reconstruct education in the only way which is appropriate in a democracy — by discovering through research the scientific solution of educational problems. I can not believe that the future of American edu cation will witness mere compromises between the dis cordant views which now prevail. Social adjustments which are permanently effective depend on the discovery of devices which do more than merely eliminate dis agreements. The government which was set up in this country after the Revolutionary War was not a com promise between different forms of monarchy. It was an invention created by patriots who came together and (Continued on Page 29) THE FIRST HUNDRED YEARS Are the Hardest • By EMMET B. BAY, '20 MD'22 THE most frequent question I have been asked in the past three months has been "What is going to happen to Rush?" This has been somewhat em barrassing. To confess repeatedly that I do not know would seem to offer particularly strong circumstantial evidence that I had been loafing on the job. But it would constitute the assumption of an omniscience which I fortunately do not feel for me to indicate that I knew in detail what the development of medical education in the University with special reference to Rush is to be. Abler men than I have wrestled with this question for longer periods of time and have only partially solved it. I have some thoughts about it which the editor of this magazine says should be made available for your inspec tion. Blame him, not me, if the following seems pre mature and half-baked. A casual glance into the history of Rush shows that it has weathered several critical periods which would seem in retrospect to represent greater difficulties than are now present. To mention only a few there was the trying time immediately after the Chicago Fire, later the schism in the faculty which resulted in the founding of the Chicago Medical School, and lastly, the uncertainties of the past few years incident to the depression and our relations with the University. The problems existing now, some of which will presently be stated in general terms, would not seem insurmountable in the face of those previous victories. All of these problems have a very direct bearing on the educational work of the school, being concerned with its teaching or investigative functions or both. Rush Medical College has long enjoyed an excellent reputation for the training of practitioners. One simple fact seems to me to be placing that reputation in jeop ardy. It is the presence of too many students. There are 159 seniors and 140 juniors registered at present. This results in overcrowding of our physical plant, less personal attention to students and excessive teaching responsibilities for our faculty. The second point is not evident in a lack of knowledge of the students on the part of the faculty; it is shown merely by the excessive numbers enrolled in certain courses which could be better given to limited numbers. It has meant much extra work for the faculty to continue to do a good job of teaching and this has not always been as satisfactory as possible for their professional development. We have all known the reason for this overcrowding in a general way but because of my work I am much more acutely aware of it than I was before. It simply has been necessary for financial reasons. One of our immediate goals is the reduction in the number of stu dents and this can only be accomplished by improving our financial situation. Parenthetically, another related fact which is receiv ing attention and which has an important bearing on our educational activities is the condition of the Central Free Dispensary, our affiliated out-patient department. During the depths of the depression the Dispensary clin ical load nearly trebled and is still more than double what it was eight years ago. The Dispensary authorities reacted promptly to the emergency and its community responsibilities were admirably carried out. To do this teaching in certain departments suffered somewhat in spite of the fact that the increased number of patients represented "excellent teaching material" because the physical facilities and the time of the personnel working in the Dispensary were limited. Furthermore the fail ure of the relief authorities to prevent constantly recur ring crises made it impossible for the Dispensary to plan intelligently. It seems to many of us that it is only fair to consider the teaching and investigative functions of the Dispensary now that the relief situation can no longer be regarded as an unforeseen emergency. To return to the general subject of teaching, we are under an obligation to carry out the spirit of the resolu tions passed last March by the University's Board of Trustees. These include a proposal to shift our emphasis from undergraduate to graduate teaching according to the original plan. About this several things may be said. First, as has been pointed out by Dr. Woodyatt and others, we have always done a certain amount of unorganized graduate teaching. Whether because of the depression, or of other factors, this informal higher training has not been as great in amount in recent years as it formerly was. It will probably always remain an important phase of our activities but I believe that more can be accomplished by increasing the amount of formal graduate work in medicine which we offer. Second, this shift in emphasis to graduate teaching can be an additional stimulus to our faculty, already of great repute as teachers. This stimulus may well take two forms : it can be more interesting and require more intellectual activity to teach graduate students than un dergraduates, and the importance of intellectual curiosity in medicine will be inevitably stressed. I shall refer to the latter again in the discussion of our research activ ities. As I have said before we have a remarkable faculty but they have been hampered by excessive teaching duties and numbers of students. This same interest in teaching may well be transferred to the training of smaller groups of graduates who will be more demand ing but not more so than our faculty can satisfy. The third item concerning graduate work is the probable increase in demand for it on the basis of the proposed certification of specialists. If this regulation is adopted many places will undoubtedly attempt to 8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 9 receive recognition as centers for such training. Again, because of our unusual faculty made up as it is of rec ognized leaders in various specialties who have demon strated their capabilities as teachers, we would have a considerable advantage. Now there is some doubt among leaders in medicine and others as to the direction the practice of medicine should take. Some feel that there is an excessive amount of specialization already. But I think no one can doubt that specialization by some prac titioners is here to stay and it is my belief that it would be in keeping with the Rush tradition to develop the best possible way of training such specialists. Through out their histories with minor exceptions Rush and the University have been known as alert educational centers which have pioneered in various difficult educational undertakings. I do not wish to seem too sentimental when I say that it seems peculiarly appropriate to me that on the eve of her hundredth birthday Rush is about to demonstrate her amazing vitality by engaging in a program almost as exciting as her very founding. The fourth and last thought concerning graduate work on the West Side which I wish to submit is the question of what kind of a graduate school we should attempt to develop. There are three possibilities: the short "brush-up" course, the longer course for special ists mentioned above, and, third, training like the latter plus the inclusion of additional original investigative work on the part of the student. All of these courses can be valuable when properly done but our facilities are limited and it seems to me we should not weaken our chances of doing a good job by too much dispersion of our efforts. The first of these, the "brush-up" type of postgraduate school offers less stimulus to the faculty and is not so obviously a proper function for Rush Med ical College of the University of Chicago. It represents a service responsibility which other agencies may well care for. The second type of school, the training of practitioners in the specialties, has more in teresting connotations with re spect to the development of medical education, and, as was pointed out previously, it is something we could do su premely well with advantage to ourselves in the doing. It seems to me that it could well be a part of our program whether certification of spe cialists is made compulsory or not. The third type of graduate school is like the second plus the informal training which has gone on for generations. It includes the idea of train ing not merely excellent practitioners but men with an interest in developing their chosen fields. As was said earlier, this informal training has apparently not been as productive in our institution in recent years as was formerly the case. One important reason for this, in my opinion, is the fact already mentioned that our faculty has had teaching duties in the college, and clinical duties in the Dispen sary which have been excessive and have prevented their spending more time in investigative work. Some of our faculty have succeeded in surmounting this situation to their own better development and the glory of the school. Some are doing so now under considerable difficulty. Another important reason for the relatively small number adequately trained in this way is the economic situation again. Under our scheme of things a young man undergoing such training is pretty much on his own. At first he usually has time but little or no money. Later, when his practice has grown, and he has some money which he would be willing to plough back into his own training he is pressed for time. It should be noted at this point that the use of intricate technics of non-clinical sciences so prevalent in clinical investigation today usually requires a certain amount of continuous free time, a thing difficult of accomplishment while engaged in practice. But it can be done. Also it requires some special training in those tech nics for its best consummation. That is where our pro posed new formalization of this type of training should be of benefit when coupled with a unified administration with the South Side. We should be able to get young men who will spend a certain fraction of their time in our graduate school in the laboratories of the non-clinical Up From A Frame Lecture Room First Rush Medical College Lecture Room Q843) First Rush Medical College Building Q844) ( tif II M llltllli nitiin Rush Medical College (1867) Ruins Of Rush College (Chicago Pirt, I87l) 10 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE t ' mm ™l;f«ili Lllli »xi\,.cii\ic\i.iJViOEA'iDEii;,y. s» , \miym>,m IY- • Of CHICAGO'S* A\.W."*lAU.A-R»i ¦ ¦ APCHITSjCTO J Rawson Laboratory Houses Three hundred junior and senior medical students sciences. This time may be spent all at once on the South Side or concurrently with their further clinical training in a specialty on the West Side. The accom panying problem of financing such a part of our graduate school remains unsolved to date, but, like that connected with cutting down the undergraduate student body, it would not seem impossible and the good which would accrue from both is incalculable. The last of the major problems confronting Rush has to do with its faculty's activities in investigative work. Part of this problem related to the younger fac ulty members has been considered. There remains the important question of the college's role in making possible the continuous development of its staff. This is a very complex problem in which the interests and responsi bilities of affiliated and other institutions are interwoven. For instance, the Presbyterian, Cook County, Michael Reese and Washington Boulevard Hospital staff mem bers on our faculty all enjoy certain requisites for clin ical investigation by means of their associations with those institutions. The same is true in a different sense for the Central Free Dispensary staff. But all of these places have primarily a responsibility for community care and only secondarily a responsibility for promoting the development of clinical medicine as a science. Some of them have accepted this secondary responsibility as a sine qua non for the best performance of their primary function. They recognize that they cannot obtain good staff members and hold them unless they provide facil ities for study. And they recognize that the reputation of the institution is dependent upon the reputation .of its men. But the question of where the hospital's respon sibility ends and the college's begins is not even theoret ically capable of a simple solution. With our part time faculty there is the added question of the individual's responsibility for providing his own facilities. I confess that I am not equipped with a magic wand which will permit the solution of this problem overnight. I think it important to point out that so far as I am aware the governing bodies of these other institutions are all cognizant of the problem, have already given tangible evidence of that in varying degrees and in gen eral may be relied on to do all that they can. As for the college, it too will aid as far as possible but we imme diately run into that recurrent evil: money or its lack. One thing which we can do, however, is to break down whatever administrating barriers there may be between the South and the West Sides. This should prove espe cially valuable with respect to the non-clinical science departments. The fact of physical separation is a handi cap but not an insurmountable one. Through all of this I have taken the liberty of think ing on paper. But be good enough to remember, if we are unable to put some of these thoughts into effect or later change our plans, that they are necessarily tentative at present. Future articles in this magazine will be written by prominent members of our faculty. I hope to persuade them to divulge their plans for the development of their own fields of medicine. I ask your indulgence to allow them the same privilege I have assumed, namely to give vent to their hopes and plans without the necessity of the latter being immediately possible of attainment. I think in this way we may offer you a forum of one institution's ideas on medical education which should prove interesting. TRIVIAL TRAVEL TALES INTO the life of every columnist comes a desire to write a travelogue. We have successfully avoided dogs with rabies and men with leprosy (there hasn't been one on the quadrangles since Dr. Hyde startled a Kent Theatre audience on a Wednesday afternoon in February, 1903, by using an Australian leper to illus trate his lecture), but we have finally succumbed to that dread disease of journalism, Travelogium Tedium a Borum. Which is your cue to turn at once to Fred Millett's In My Opinion and read something worth while. After spending a busy summer conducting a series of quadrangle tours for the benefit of our summer stu dents, we took a postman's holiday : a thirty-eight hun dred-mile auto tour com bining a series of sub-tours, traveling in the general di rection of north and east. We crossed Ohio on a Sunday. Everyone in Ohio, it appears, goes to church on Sunday. At least if rural Ohioans don't attend church they park their cars out in front and come back for them after the services. In East Cleveland it was apparent that a convincing clock-advertising salesman had supplied most business houses with timepieces carrying appropriate slogans of the "Time to Buy Something-or-other" type. We even passed a clock on the lawn of an undertaking establish ment which lacked, however, the "Time to Die" slogan we had learned to expect. At Buffalo we stood on the Soldier and Sailor monu ment to take a picture of the new seven million dollar city hall and the McKinley monument (let's see, it was just thirty-eight years ago this October that McKinley appeared in Kent Theatre, wasn't it?). We lied a little to a couple of small urchins who, impressed with our elaborate photographic equipment, asked what paper the picture was for. We replied, "A Chicago paper," know ing that Editor Beck would blue pencil any attempt to make good this exaggeration but we hated to disappoint the boys. When in Toronto we can never resist the temptation to visit Casa Loma on the hill overlooking the city and harbor where a one time wealthy Englishman yielded to an ambitious dream to build a pretentious castle, with some few hundred rooms, and palatial stables where royalty could be entertained (in the castle, of course, not the stables!) He misjudged his bank account ter ribly, as the boarded windows testify, but we have a sneaking admiration for a man who, at least, had great ambitions although lacking good judgment. ®By HOWARD W. MORT, Editor, Tower Topics Hart House, at the University of Toronto, reminds us of the Mitchell Tower group with its corresponding tower, dining hall and theatre for student dramatics. The last time we were there lightning had torn a corner off the tower. A few months later the gods delivered a similar jolt to a corner of Mitchell Tower which Re publicans would probably be inclined to credit to Mr. Roosevelt's foreign reciprocal policy! En route to Ottawa we passed a shack on the shores of a large lake. A crude sign on the shack read, "Honey fed worms." This, we believe, rivals Bob (Arkansaw) Burns' aunt's kindness of cutting a worm in two when she finds it alone so it will have company. Which re minds us of the "gag" in the Freshman Week Phoenix : "The Amoeba hugs himself in the middle and then he's two other people." Also the modern students phi losophy expressed on another page of the same issue: "I cut my candles all in two — Which startles all my friends. They're only half as long, it's true, But burn at all four ends." At Ottawa we began the first of our series of sub- tours by permitting a very courteous Canadian gentle man in afternoon dress to conduct us through the Parlia ment buildings. We blush to admit it but the thing that impressed us most was the fact that the gentleman refused a tip at the end of the tour — which is rare, in deed, as any traveler will agree. We heard the noon carillon concert played from the tower of the Parlia ment Buildings. Ottawans take considerable pride in these carillons but we should be pardoned for our preju dice, living, as we do, in the shadow of a university chapel with its seventy-two bells. McGill University had not opened for the fall term when we arrived at Montreal. But we met the care taker of buildings and grounds who was ready to wrap up the campus and deliver it to our hotel when he learned we were personally acquainted with Dean Gor don J. Laing who came to Chicago from McGill in 1923. ; This care taker helped Dean Laing pack tiis books when he left McGill and shakes his head sadly at the mistake McGill made in allowing Mr. Laing to leave. We did the usual things at Quebec: made a down payment on a guide to ride in the front seat for a tour of the city; ate in a small French restaurant on Rue St. Louis — going around in front of the Chateau Fronte- nac to pick our teeth; visited the fort; the Plains of n 12 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE Abraham ; etc. We mingled with the Saturday night crowd on the Voie Commerciale — lower town's main shopping district — where ninety per cent of the people spoke only French. We bought a French newspaper with the Tribune (Chicago) syndicated funnies in French. We were forced to purchase an English edition to get the points of the Moon Mullins and Andy Gump jokes either because they aren't funny when trans lated into French or our French is much too literal to be funny! Dartmouth, at Hanover, New Hampshire, has one of the most beautiful settings for a campus we have ever seen. And, so cordial was our reception, we were almost sorry we beat them in football by such a large score in 1933 (39to0). While in New Hampshire we dropped in on Miss Tal bot at her summer home in Holderness. She has a beautiful little cottage on the short of a picturesque lake. Miss Breckinridge was visiting with Miss Talbot at the time and they showed us where they stepped from the bedroom into the lake each morning for a dip before breakfast. We also saw the canoe which Miss Talbot uses for moonlight "strolls" on the lake. Well, when we get to be as young as these two women, we may bring ourselves to venture out onto a choppy lake at midnight in a frail canoe to see the moon rise through the trees over the cottage and we may bring ourselves to the point of plunging into the icy waters of a New England lake before breakfast! It was only a short drive from Holderness to the "Old Man of the Mountain" and on over the mountain to the summer home of Principal Gillet (University Ele mentary Schools) in Vermont. Mr. and Mrs. Gillet took us for a hike up their "mountain" from where we could get an impressive panorama of the mountains and valleys around Randolph, Vermont. We would almost be willing to write an elementary school arithmetic too, Mr. Gillet, if we could do it under such delightful con ditions. On our way to Boston we stopped at Marblehead, Mass. As we entered the old cemetery on the rocky hill overlooking the harbor we were warned by this epi taph on an old stone placed there in 1793 to the mem ory of a woman who died at the age of twenty-one : All you that doth my grave pass by As you are now so once was I As I am now so you may be Prepare for death and follow me (Remind us to show you a picture taken of one of the members of our party — Miss Marjorie Putnam '35 ¦ — which will give you an idea of how we spend a morn ing at Marblehead. She doesn't know we took this picture, but I am sure she will not mind since it's all in the family and you are one of the family, of course.) We Were Warned By epitaphs in Marblehead Cemetery The less said about pur ar rival in Boston the better! Did you ever try to drive a car in Boston? If so, you know our story; if not, we do not wish to alarm you in the event you plan to visit there some day. A Boston street is in disgrace if it goes more than two consecu tive blocks in the same direc tion. Buildings crowd in close to examine the packages in the back seat. Squares block fur ther progress at every third in tersection into which pour seven or more other streets making it impossible to win. We were not surprised to learn that, at one point in the business district, one takes the elevated in the subway, the subway on the elevated platform, and a surface car either in the subway or on the elevated plat form. We secured a room on Oxford Street, around the cor ner from Memorial Hall at Harvard. When we re turned to the room the first night we spent from eleven o'clock until midnight trying, first to find Memorial Hall, then our room, then Memorial Hall again — run ning into Harvard Square at frequent intervals just to make the game interesting. We would still be going in circles but for a night policeman who stopped us for going in the wrong direction around a square and who tore up the ticket and helped us find our room, which proved to be just around the corner. But the Harvard Tercentenary and the three comprehensive tours over the Harvard Campus under the tutelage of intelligent students compensated for any and all traffic difficulties. We drove through the wooded campus of Wellesley primarily, we suppose, because it was the early aca demic home of Miss Talbot and Alice Freeman Pal mer (to whom our Mitchell Tower chimes are dedi cated.) We spent a Sunday afternoon at Yale where a student guide took particular pains to show us the law quadrangle because President Hutchins was dean of this school before he left to become President of Chicago. The guide also told us that the President's series of lec tures delivered at Yale last spring were so popular that they were moved to the large auditorium to accommo date the crowds, which may or may not be good news for us at Chicago if you are hearing the latest gossip. We'll pass over our New York City adventures — Broadway at midnight with animated salesmen "smug gling" watches "that run" to a devil-may-care street crowd for ten cents — Sloppy Joe's crazy concoctions — automats — the docking of the Queen Mary — Radio City ¦ — the Roxy, which seems to have lost its one-time glamour — Harlem — the Bowery — it was all exciting but unimportant. We paused at Princeton as we headed homeward to visit the chapel, another Goodhue monument, and saw the haunts of our own Fritz Crisler who, as you might know, is very popular among those who carry raw meat to the Tiger on autumn Saturday afternoons. IN MY OPINION • By FRED B. THE American reader passes so easily from the reading of an American book to the reading of an English book that he is inclined to ignore the extraordinarily wide divergencies between the vital mat rices out of which these books spring. His failure to sense essential and fundamental differences between the social milieux out of which the various arts flower is due in some degree to the rather excessively large part which English history and English literature play in his elementary and advanced education and in part to the fact that until recent years American writers seem to have been bent on making their books as slightly distin guishable as possible from their British models. Despite William Dean Howells' mild Anglophobia, the distance between his novels and those of Archibald Marshall is immeasurably less than the distance between the novels of James Hanley and those of James T. Farrell. But no more than a brief or an occasional immersion in the life of contemporary England is required to make one realize that there are more far-reaching differences between these related cultures than there are deep-seated resemblances. The difference on the level of creature comforts is notorious. Granting the well-known excesses of American "central heating," there is no disguising the fact that England's entire population lives through at least nine months of the year at an indoor temperature in volving actual physical discomfort. Since the English are past-masters at rationalization, they have devised an incredible number of "reasons" for enduring this chronic discomfort: that "central heating" is unhealthy, that re sistance to colds is built up by learning to live at a con sistently low temperature, that a comfortable degree of artificial heat is enervating, etc., etc. But a state of civ ilization that tolerates chilblains is bound to seem primi tive to Americans who encounter the ancient ailment as infrequently as smallpox. A loyal Englishman has said that his country has the best climate and the worst weather in the world. There is certainly no doubt about the weather! The British Sunlight League has little enough to do in broadcasting to the press daily statements as to the number of minutes of sunlight recorded at a series of aspiring seaside resorts. And the rising state of expectation and the inevitable disappointment evoked by Bank Holiday weather can only be regarded as pathetic. On Easter Sunday this year snow fell in the London streets ; it is no wonder that queues of five hun dred people waited sadly in the slush for the belated openings of cheery cinema-palaces. The charges against the monotony and the tasteless- ness of English food are as conventional as they are legiti mate. The English cook is adept at making every kind of fish taste like every other kind, every vegetable as dull as that reductio ad absurdum of vegetables, — vegetable marrow. The English idea of a salad — lettuce and minia ture tomatoes — is a travesty on that noble dish and a triumph of British culinary insularity. To be sure, the MILLETT, PhD*3l, Associate Professor of English English have to their credit the creation of an ample and inspiriting breakfast and an inevitable and reviving tea; for the rest, the only hope lies in the extension of the process of Americanization, so conspicuous in other aspects of English life, to the all-important one of food. Even more shocking, and ultimately more dangerous, to the American visitor is the English standard of food- sanitation. One would look far in the slums of an Amer ican city for methods of food-preservation so inadequate and untrustworthy as those that seem to be the rule in the British Isles. But there are more significant differences between the linglish and the American scene. There are moments when the past, glorious as it is, seems a millstone around the neck of modern England. In America, despite the efforts of historical societies and antiquarian societies, the almost universal instinct is not to preserve the past, but to destroy it and replace it by something better. There are moments when one sees England as a gigantic na tional museum among the inanimate treasures of which forty million people are somehow attempting to survive. The architectural remains, whether ruined or restored, are sometimes both beautiful and imagination-stirring, but their maintenance is not merely an aesthetic but an economic responsibility, and it is no wonder perhaps that in a number of conspicuous instances England has been willing to turn to American Anglophiles, for the means to buttress and sustain a collapsing cathedral. At the moment an attempt is being made to secure American funds tq preserve Washington Old Hall, County Dur ham, built in 1610, for many years let as tenements, and now (grewsome phrase!) declared unfit for human hab itation. America after all has a few Washington memo rials of its own, and one wonders whether Sulgrave Manor satisfies inadequately thej republican passions of the British. Almost daily the press brings one evidence of the conflict between the static and the dynamic in English architectural life. Recently, the Norwich Cor poration proposed to complete its program of slum clear ance (2,000 houses between 1933 and 1938), some of them "legitimately numbered among the worst slums in the city." Since 200 of these were described as "ancient buildings," a vigorous protest was made by the local antiquarians and men of letters, and a special correspond ent to the Observer wrote, "There is a growing feeling that the ancient character of Norwich is disappearing at a very alarming pace. One local expert goes so far as to say that, except for a few museum specimens, all the fifteenth and sixteenth-century houses will have gone within a generation. It is appalling to think how many charming landmarks will have gone when this mis taken crusade has been completed." There is a Society for the Preservation of Ancient Buildings, a Society for the Preservation of Windmills, a Society for the Pres ervation of Rural England. Perhaps the simplest pro cedure would be to form an American philanthropic 13 14 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE corporation under the title Society for the Preservation of England as a Memorial to the History of the English- speaking Peoples of the World. Aside from the guar dians needed to discourage the vandalism of American tourists, the inhabitants might be put into picturesque fif teenth and sixteenth-century costumes, and paid to illus trate traditional English sports and pastimes. But the weight of the past upon contemporary Eng land is not merely architectural ; it is likewise social and economic. Despite the blows which history has dealt the aristocracy and the church, both these institutions continue to make extremely heavy economic demands upon the body politic. The heaviness of the obligation that a state church entails is nowhere more strikingly illustrated than by the over-duplication of services held daily in the colleges of Oxford and Cambridge. Almost every college has inherited from the Middle Ages or the Renaissance a full-fledged ecclesiastical edifice where both church-laws and customs dictate the regular rendition of the liturgy. Exquisite and precious as these churchly settings frequently are, matchless as is the beauty of King's College, Cambridge, reassuring as it may be to hear the service of evensong performed in the soft twi light of an English spring, one wonders whether twenty or thirty almost simultaneous' services are needed to preserve the religious spirit of the handful of gowned undergraduates that attend these daily functions. And the bitterness with which the tithe-war is being fought is sufficient evidence of the economic oppressiveness of a mediaeval ecclesiastical system. Grievous as must be the plight of many a landed aristocrat of incredibly ancient lineage, burdensome as must be the responsibil ities of meeting heavy taxes and death duties, the aris tocracy persists as an unchallenged power in English social, artistic, and, to a degree, political life. Its haughty head is still unbowed. Though shorn of some of its rarest treasures, Knole, with its thousand acres of deer park, its rambling palace built around seven courts, and its rooms and galleries, still preserves the seventeenth century in camphored silken tatters. The past persists in England most innocuously per haps in the form of ceremonials that set the imagination afloat on the wings of history and legend. Hardly a week passes in London without the annual commemora tion of some cherished idiosyncratic figure. The little Lord Mayor accompanied by his gigantic mace and sword drives pompously hither and yon to render his symbolic obeisance to England's heroes and eccentrics. Thus one may see him in his trailing black and gold gown at St. Andrew Undershaft's, climbing up among the blinking camera lights to replace the quill pen in the fingers of the statue of the Elizabethan antiquarian, John Stow, or crowning with a wreath of bay the bust of Samuel Pepys under the new roof of St. Olave's just restored at the cost of thousands of pounds. He was most impressive of all when he challenged the King's right to enter the city limits of ancient London. At Temple Bar, the royal procession found its progress barred by a red silken cord. Then, "Bluemantle Pur suivant rode out from the procession and, between two State trumpeters, advanced to the City boundary. The trumpets sounded three times, and the City trumpeters Fred B. Millett replied. Then, "Who comes there?" cried the City Mar shal, who, wearing a scarlet uni form and a plumed hat, and mounted on a white horse, had ad vanced to the b oun dary. The reply was: "His M a j e s t y 's Of f i cers of Arms, who demand en trance into the City of London in order to proclaim the Coronation of his Royal Majesty King Edward VIII." The City's challenge given and met, Bluemantle Pursuivant was at once allowed to pass. . . . After saluting, the Pursuivant handed to the Lord Mayor the Order in Council requiring the proclamation of the Coronation. This was read aloud by the Common Crier, and then the Lord Mayor gave directions to admit the cavalcade to the City." These symbolic evocations of the power and gran deur of the past are only the most spectacular evidences of the profound and persistent stratification of English social life. In contrast to England's, America's past is so brief that what there is of it can be pretty safely ignored and most of it belongs to the future. There are, to be sure, social classes in America, but except in urban New England and the urban and rural South, almost the only criterion of social position is wealth. Conse quently, since wealth is still bewilderingly mobile, so ciety in America has an impermanence and an indefinite- ness that are antitheses of the English state of fffairs. The contrast between English and American speech fur nishes a further index to the divergences in their social stratification. The rich and fascinating variety of Amer ican speech is geographical, and only quite incidentally economic and social in significance. English speech, to be sure, has its precious regional permutations, as the county recordings made recently by the British Drama League pointedly demonstrate, but English speech is more significant socially than it is geographically or eco nomically. It is difficult for an American to realize the tremendous handicap an Englishman faces who happens to be born into a socially inferior speech-group. The wrong accent is still an imponderable but inescapable barrier to social and professional preferment. Not a little of the exacerbation apparent in the critical reac tions of D. H. Lawrence must have been a protest or a mechanism motivated by his deep sense of social inferior ity. His violent and tasteless attack on the work of a gentleman like Galsworthy has unmistakable social im plications. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 15 But the stratification that irritates the American nur tured on the tradition of a democratic society brings its compensations. There is an admitted advantage in being able to detect from a single phrase the social experience and attitudes of one's companion. More churlishly, there is something to be said, at least by the aristocracy and the middle class, for a social system in which, for instance, servants and tradesmen accept with out question the duties and privileges, such as they are, of the caste "to which it has pleased God to call them." But, more significantly, a precisely defined social system, a persistently stable array of social classes, makes pos sible a degree of desirable and fruitful social tolerance both within and between classes. It is only in relatively unstable societies that people are excessively sensitive about conformity and independence; From this circum stance arises perhaps the paradox that English society is at once exceedingly conventional and exceedingly toler ant of harmless unconventionality. This happy working compromise between liberty and restraint creates a sense of solidarity and a generous attitude toward variations from the norm within the social group. An American cannot make many contacts with English literate and literary society without feel ing in it a centripetal quality, a kind of family feeling completely absent from American literary life, even in such a mecca as New York. As in the society of the old South, every one one meets seems to have tenuous but reliable connections with every one else one wants to met. But along with this penetrative cohesiveness there goes a respect for the rights of the individual that, if observed in America, would put an end to most jour nalism. What American camera-man, now the hero, now the scoundrel of the photographic peepshow, would not be struck with dismay at a country where no one's pho tograph can be published by the press without his per mission, and where a woman in trousers and a man with his mistress won heavy damages from the newspapers in which their unauthorized photographs appeared? What American gossip-columnist would not shake with terror at the news that the editor, the publisher, and the printer of The Journals of Arnold Bennett were assessed two thousand five hundred pounds damages for printing an allegedly libelous remark about the Irish poet Austin Clarke, a remark which Bennett quoted thoughtlessly from conversation with a casual acquaintance. (To be concluded) Chicago Alummi in the Current Magazines American Mercury — July America Faces Bankruptcy, H. Parker Willis, '94, PhD'98. American Mercury — September Canada Won't Go Yankee, Stephen Leacock, PhD'03 Asia — July The Myth of the Open Door, Nathaniel Peffer, '11 Asia — August Wayfoong: The Hong Kong Bank, Gertrude Emerson Sen, '12 Asia — September The Strike in North China, John B. Appleton, SM'24, PhD'25 Atlantic- — July Through a Glass Darkly, Stephen Leacock, PhD'03 A tlantic — September Selling More Labor, Sumner H. Slichter, PhD'18 A tlantic — October Imaginary Persons, Stephen Lea cock, PhD '03 Esquire — September An Essay for Men, Vardis Fisher, AM'22, PhD '25 Esquire — November Leading the Life of Riley, Donald C. Peattie, ex'20 Passes Make Trouble, Herbert O. Crisler, '22 Forum — October *Up to Our Neck in Debt, H. Par ker Willis, '94, PhD'98 Harpers — August Inside De Valera, John Gunther, y22 Harp ers — October The New Monasticism, Edgar J. Goodspeed, DB'97, PhD'98 National Geographic — October Paris in Spring, Maynard Owen Williams, '10 Scribners — August Path for Liberals, Nathaniel Pef fer, '11 Scribners — September Is the American Legion Amer ican? Cyrus LeRoy Baldridge '11 Survey — July O Tempora, O Mores, Grace Ab bott, PhM'10 NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES ALTHOUGH its disinterest in recruiting football players is well established, the University has been carrying on a determined campaign of proselyting in another field, and the most important news from the long run point of view as the forty-fifth year starts is the fact that some sixty new members joined the academic ranks on the quadrangles with the opening of the autumn quarter. Of all ranks from professor to instructor, the group ranges from scholars of established world reputation to young men who give promise of adding to Chicago's prestige by their achievements on the Midway. Thanks to prudent management in the more prosper ous days prior to 1929, and a courageous willingness to draw on its limited reserves, the University has not lessened the pace of its progress in the last six years. But there has been a steady attrition of the faculty through death and retirement which threatened even tually to impair the quality of its effort. The additions made in the last year — amounting to approximately eight per cent of the entire faculty — demonstrate not only the awareness of the administration to that danger, but also its ability to persuade scholars that they should come to the University. The new appointments go far to offset the losses of the last several years, and to the extent that its resources will permit, the University in tends to continue its efforts to keep the faculty out standing. The department of astronomy, rated "distinguished" in the Report of the Committee on Graduate Instruction of the American Council on Education, has been notably strengthened by the appointment of six men. The com bination of its facilities at Yerkes with the new Mc Donald Observatory of the University of Texas, which Chicago is to staff, and the comparative youth of its members, indicates the strong probability that the astronomy department, already on a par with the best, may outstrip all others. It is worth recalling that this increase in staff has been made possible because Presi dents Hutchins and Benedict of Chicago and Texas worked out a plan of cooperation which enables Chi cago to save the cost of a new observatory and Texas the expense of a staff. In the Classics, Romance languages, and History de partments, which also received "distinguished" rating; in philosophy, which ranked as "adequate," and in the biological sciences, long of exceptional ability, new men bring added distinction. Social Service Administration, pace-setter for the country, and the Law School, also have been appreciably strengthened. As a final note on the present position of the faculty, it should be pointed out that of the 62 scholars of the world to receive honorary degrees at Harvard's Tercentenary celebration, Chicago topped all other institutions with four representatives. Two of those so honored, Nobel Prize winner Arthur H. Compton, physicist, and Mathematician Leonard E. Dickson, are long established members of the faculty. • By WILLIAM V. MORGENSTERN, '20, JD '22 Two others were among the newcomers : Werner W, Jaeger, classicist from the University of Berlin, and Rudolph Carnap, philosopher from the German Univer sity at Prague. We Came for the New Plan To the University in the last week of September also came the freshman class, for its leisurely period of "orientation." Miscellaneous statistics about this new class show that it numbers 43 valedictorians, 27 high school senior class presidents, and 58 editors of high school publications. To the inquiries of Keith Parsons of the University Secretary's office, the freshmen re vealed that the most important influence on their deci sion to attend the University was the College plan, reenforced by the advice of high school teachers, alumni, and their own families. The scholastic standing of Chi cago was indicated as the one general compelling reason, although one young man declared that he came here to play football. Leon P. Smith, who held the position of Head of the Department of Romance Languages Department at Washington and Lee, has been appointed Assistant Dean of Students and Assistant Professor in Romance Lan guages and Literatures. No stranger to the University, Dean Smith was a member of the Chicago faculty before going to Washington and Lee, and was for two years one of the College advisers. His position, among other re sponsibilities, is that of the University official in charge of student activities. The office was left vacant by the resignation of William E. Scott, who accepted an ap pointment from the Progressive Education Association. Said President Hutchins in the assembly that opened Freshman Week: ". . . Although I hate all sweep ing historical generalizations, I will venture to say that the business of education is more important at this moment than it ever has been in the past. Although I loathe all prophecy, I will say that the world seems to be rushing toward the destruction of liberty of conscience, of worship, of speech, and of thought. The world seems to be rushing, in other words, toward the abolition of those processes which, since the time of the Greeks, have accounted for the advance of civilization. This tendency, together with the concomitant tendency to hatred and war, will not be without its effects on our own country. Already we see signs of the growth of bigotry and re pression. We see ignorance and prejudice exploited by the most shameless propaganda. We see battle lines drawn that may determine the fate of our form of gov ernment, and of your generation. "So I say that the business of education is more im portant now than it ever has been before. Education is intellectual and spiritual preparation. Never have the times called as they do today for disciplined reason, for clear and independent thought. No political organization is any better than the citizens that compose it. No gov- 16 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 17 ernmental system can make stupid citizens intelligent. And democracy, to which we adhere, cannot survive without intelligent citizens. "The object of the College of the University of Chi cago is to help you to become intelligent citizens. To that end, under the Chicago Plan, you are given oppor tunities for independent activity such as befit free men and women. . . ." Registration on the quadrangles for the autumn quarter was 6,170, with 1,778 registrations in Univer sity College bringing the total to 7,948. The under graduates, including those in University College, a rela tively small number, totaled 1,960 men and 1,276 women. Quadrangles registration showed a slight gain; Univer sity College had a loss. For the first time since the new residence halls for men were built, every residence hall is full, and waiting lists are in use again. Part of the explanation for the popularity of the halls may lie in the fact that the students are somewhat more prosperous and able to afford the better accommodations of the resi dence halls as compared with those isolated and unat tractive private rooms that are somewhat cheaper. A program of renovation of the halls, and an effort to make them more useful and attractive undoubtedly has played a part. The Chicago Plan, now in its sixth year, continues unchanged, except for the improvements that are an annual product of experience and experimentation. Most radical change in any of the courses has been that in Social Science II, in which new integration has been provided, based on the theme of freedom and control in industrial society. Meanwhile the output of research continues in many fields. Some of the items which were news since the last issue of the Magazine : Slanguage Goes to Press The "Dictionary of American English," first compre hensive record of the American language, which has been in progress for the past ten years, reached the stage of publication the first week in September, when the first of twenty sections was issued. A dictionary does not at first glance promise lively reading, but this par ticular dictionary has wide appeal in interest, recording as it does the cleavage from the mother tongue. The history of numerous words has already been indicated in previous issues of the Magazine, providing a sample of what this dictionary offers. More than 1,500 advance subscriptions have been received to date, a total which will pay publication cost, but not the cost of research. That cost was underwritten by the General Education Board, the American Council of Learned Societies, and the University. One anticipated result of publication has been a flood of inquiries concerning specific words. A motion picture producer wants to know if "knocked out" was current as early as 1845 ; another inquirer wants the history of the verb "to dope." Still Sixty Percent Miss High School Sixty percent of Chicago's adult population has had no formal schooling beyond the eighth grade. Twenty- six and one-half percent of the city's adults have had three years of high school or more, and 8.7 percent have had at least one year of college. These figures are included in a study just completed for the sociology department by Richard O. Lang. For the entire population of Chicago 18 years old or above the average grade completed in school is 8.1. The average figure for men is 8.05, for women, 8.15. "Halfback Recruits" For the Midway's academic team. Standing left to right are Dr. James R. Blayney from the University of Illinois who will head the Zoller Memorial Dental Clinic, Paul Cleveland of the New York Bar who joins the Law School faculty, and Dr. Rudolf Carnap of Prague, leader of the "logical-positivist" school of philosophy, who becomes professor of Philosophy. Seated are Vice President Frederic Woodward and Professor Werner Jaeger of Berlin who is considered perhaps the world's outstanding classics authority. He has been appointed professor of Greek. 18 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE Data for the study were secured through the special Chicago census of 1934, of which Mr. Lang was co- director. The special census revealed 2,364,478 persons in Chicago of 18 years or older, 1,179,993 of them men, and 1,184,485 being women. Of the total 4.7 percent had no formal schooling; 6.8 percent dropped out of school by the end of fourth grade; another 49.1 percent had completed their education by or before the end of the eighth grade; another 12 percent dropped out after the ninth or tenth grade; another 17.8 percent after the eleventh or twelfth grade; 8.7 percent had at least one year of college; and 8/10ths of one percent were unknowns. The figures show a higher proportion of females had high school education and a higher proportion of males had college education. Of all the females 18 years or above, 32.1 percent had completed from one to four years of high school, as against 27.6 of the males. As for college training, 10.1 percent of the men (119,056) had had a year or more of college, as compared with 7.3 percent of the women (86,129). Pointing out that "the average adult in Chicago has slightly more than completed elementary school (eighth grade) and the females on the average have higher edu cational status than the males," Mr. Lang shows that the average grade completed by native whites of native parentage was 9.3, as compared with city-wide average 8.1. Only 4/10ths of one percent of this group, 2,951 individuals, had no formal schooling; only 1.5 percent dropped out before fifth grade; and 15.7 had a year or more of college. Fifty-five percent of all those in Chi cago who had one or more college years were native whites of native parents. The average grade at leaving school for the second- Bills Advances Theory: "Uh's" are nature's rest periods in speech generation group, native whites of foreign or mixed parentage, was 8.42. The same figure for Negroes was 7.5, and for foreign born, 6.44. Only 13.8 percent of the foreign born had more than an elementary school educa tion. All statistics gathered were for attendance at regu lar schools, attendance at night-schools, or vocational studies not a part of a regular school curriculum, not being included. Mr. Lang has prepared a map showing the compara tive educational status of the 965 census tracts within the city. "The tracts in which the highest classes of educational status seemed to be concentrated were in better apartment house areas and the areas of single family dwellings," he reports. "The concentration of the lowest educational status seemed to fall within the areas of poor housing near the heavy industries and the interstitial areas surrounding the central business dis trict." Areas of low educational status are also areas of high delinquency, crime and dependancy rates, he finds. Nature s Own Rest Periods Mental fatigue produces "mental blocks," which are enforced resting periods, pioneering experiments made under the direction of Professor Arthur G. Bills of psychology department have revealed. Such blocking may account partially for the "uhs" which some lec turers interject. The frequency and duration of mental blocks increases during a sustained mental operation in volving the same task, a relatively unfatigued subject blocking on the average three to five times a minute for periods of a few seconds, while a fatigued subject may block as often as eight to ten times a minute, each period being twice as long as for an unfatigued subject. Dr. Bills' experiments may explain a question long puzzling to psychologists: why mental efficiency is impaired by continuous mental effort much less than muscular effi ciency is impaired by physical work. The rests afforded by blocks keep the individual's objective efficiency up to an average level in spite of the changes which fatigue produce in his nervous system, Dr. Bills thinks. Though stutterers block about twice as often as normal subjects, and their blocks are longer, their blocking does not increase as rapidly with fatigue as it does in normal indi viduals. Would Pull Down Cosmic Rays Newest of the series of measuring devices to be placed in use in the physical laboratories of the University is the twelve-ton magnet constructed for the Study fof cosmic rays by Professor Compton. Although exceeded in size by several other magnets used for physical ex perimentation, the Compton magnet has an exceptionally strong magnetic field over a comparatively large volume of air, exercising approximately 40,000 times the "pull" of the earth's magnetic field over a cubic foot. Professor Compton will carry out experiments to provide data on particles such as the cosmic rays which have such high energies that they do not obey the laws of electricity, even as extended by the Einstein theory. He hopes to be able to restate the laws of electricity applicable to such high energy particles. When cosmic rays pass through a chamber in the magnetic field their paths, in dicated by a fog trail created in moist gas, will be bent. The rays of very high energy particles are less suscep tible to deflection than are those of lesser energy, in some what the same way that a baseball is harder to curve than a ping-pong ball. Therefore the amount of curva ture will afford an index to the energy. Professor Comp ton hopes to measure energies up to forty billion volts with his new apparatus. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 19 Sees Red in the Stars From the Yerkes staff, which has been making im portant astronomical "news" with great regularity, comes announcement of the discovery of a red nebula, and of "cool" stars. Director Otto Struve, Assistant Profes sor C. T. Elvey, and F. E. Roach of Yerkes photo graphed the red nebula while working at the McDonald observatory site. The discovery was astronomically im portant because it proves the reflection theory of the nebular phenomenon. According to that theory, the nebular effect is the result of the reflection of the light of a star by the particles of an immense cloud of inter stellar dust. Because there are two types of stars, red and blue, there should be likewise red and blue nebulae, if the hypothesis is correct. Plenty of blue nebulae have been found, but until the Yerkes staff succeeded, no red nebula had been photographed. Using special plates sensitive, to yellow light, and a "Schmidt camera," a small reflecting instrument which has a very high light ratio, they found their red nebula. The "Schmidt camera," incidentally, cost Yerkes only a few dollars, for glass blanks, the all-important grinding being done by an amateur instrument maker, C. H. Nicholson, a radio engineer of Chicago, who is a member of the Chicago Amateur Astronomical Association. Profes sional instrument makers were willing to undertake con struction of the device only with reluctance and at a prohibitive price. The "cool" stars were found by Dr. Charles Hetzler of Yerkes, who used a new photographic plate emulsion especially sensitive to infra-red light. This method enabled him to photograph stars which are so red that they cannot be caught on plates sensitive to ordinary blue light. "Cool" stars have surface temperatures of 1,000 degrees Centigrade and emit red light; while most known stars, which emit a blue light, have surface tem peratures between 3,000 and 30,000 degrees, with some as high as 50,000 degrees. Unsatisfied, Dr. Hetzler is continuing his search, hunting a really frigid star with a surface temperature under 1,000 degrees. Some time early next year the new 82-inch mirror of the reflecting telescope at the McDonald Observatory will be completed. Cast late in 1933, it is now being ground. The observatory dome was completed in March of 1935, and the mounting of the new instrument, an ingenious mechanism, has been installed and awaits only completion of the mirror. Greece's Cyclops Goes Oriental Astronomical discoveries have not been the only ones reported by the research groups of the University, how ever. Reports from the field expeditions of the Oriental Institute continue to reveal interesting finds and give depth to the picture of civilization which that organiza tion has been unfolding. The Iraq expedition, under the field direction of Dr. Henri Frankfort, has linked the one-eyed Cyclops of Greek mythology to its source in ancient Babylonian religion, and has also shown another close cultural relationship between ancient India and Mesopotamia. Another discovery of the expedition indi cates that the Babylonians worshipped live snakes, a practice of which there hitherto had been no inkling. Working at sites between the Tigris and the foot of the Persian mountains, northeast of Baghdad, the expedi tion's discoveries of Babylonian material related to the Age of Abraham, 2100-1900 B. C, and to the earlier period of about 3000 B. C. The Cyclops, of the Age of Abraham, was found at Frankfort Examines With the late Dr. James H. Breasted the ruins of a sewage system at Tell Asmar Tell Asmar on a relief which portrays a god, carrying bow and arrow, stabbing a one-eyed adversary with a broad-bladed knife. His one eye clearly engraved on his forehead, the Cyclops emanates rays, indicating that he was a demon of light or fire. He wears a skirt which Dr. Frankfort describes as a "bungled version" of the flounced material which was worn in Mesopotamia in the first half of the Third Millenium, but which had entirely gone out of fashion by 2000 B. C. The anti quated dress portrayed indicated that although no rep resentations had been previously found, the demon was a well established figure in Babylonian mythology. In 1932, Dr. Frankfort found evidence which indicated that the myth of Herakles and the Hydra derived from Babylonian beliefs connected with the god of fertility. "This is another instance of the Oriental origin of certain motives which the Greeks borrowed from the East," Dr. Frankfort reports. "To state this fact does not diminish in any way our appreciation for the origi nality of the Greek mind. But it reminds us of the fact that the Greeks were late arrivals in an ancient and highly developed civilized world, where they found much that could be used to express what till then they had not formulated. At the same time, it illustrates once more how our own civilization is, through Hellas, inseparably linked with the Ancient Near East." Two cauldron-shaped pots, one placed upside down over the other, were found in a minor temple in Tell Asmar, with applied designs that glorify the power of the snake. The lower pot contained bones of small ani mals and birds, and an unbroken saucer which presum ably contained water, indicating that a live snake was kept in the vessels. Although the Babylonians associated 20 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE snakes with the generative force of nature, the Tell Asmar discovery is the first in which the snake and its power are glorified in themselves. Four pair of snakes, bending their heads over the rim as if to drink, are the important feature of the decoration of one of the jars. That on the other jar is aimed at glorification of the snake's power. The design on the rim is similar to that of the other jar, but below are three human figures, one of whom lifts his hands in a gesture denoting either prayer or horror, while his companions, vainly waving a club and a knife, succumb to the attacks of two large serpents. A large temple of sun-dried brick, with an impressive series of rooms leading up to the sanctuary, where the statue of the goddess Ishtar-Kititum was enthroned on a brick seat, was excavated at Ishcali. The temple not only indicates the large scale on which the sanctuaries were planned, but of the care with which the Babylonian architects built. Sun-dried brick, the only material avail able, was an unsatisfactory building material, and to pro tect the foundations from being washed out by rain water the open courts were well drained and the base of the walls was protected with a pavement of baked bricks. Recessed niches which broke the monotony of the brick walls and emphasized such important features as the entrance to the sanctuary, also were paved with baked brick, carefully cut to fit. The relationship between India and Mesopotamia was shown by the representation of a humped bull, a purely Indian animal, on a fragment of a cylindrical vase at Tell Agrab. Another fragment of the same vase bears a representation of a Sumerian, adequately identified by his large hooked nose, and proving the vase to be of Mesopotamian workmanship. Previously indications of occasional intercourse between the two countries had been found, but Professor Frankfort believes that the rendering of an Indian cult in an entirely Mesopotamian setting indicates a closer tie than has been suspected. The discoveries by Sir Aurel Stein of extensive ruined settlements in Baluchistan and Southern Persia, in regions now so arid that only a few nomads can find a living, indicates that the regions separating India and Mesopotamia were much more fertile in 3000 B. C, and that a much traveled land route existed then. Excava tion of a temple at Tell Agrab yielded numerous objects, including stone statues and amulets, in a concealed sac- ristry; various stone and copper statues and figurines, and some 400 maceheads of stone. Closer to home, the Illinois archaeological expedition, which for the past twelve seasons has been making a thorough study of the pre-history culture of the state, spent the summer excavating the Indian mounds near Metropolis. Here the flood waters of the Ohio each spring renewed the fertility of the soil, as the Nile does for Egypt, and supported a flourishing Indian population for a long period. The great Kincaid mounds, largest of which is a truncated pyramid two acres in extent and thirty-three feet high, are near Metropolis, and have been turned over to the University for excavation. The expedition is directed by Professor Fay-Cooper Cole, head of the department of anthropology, with Dr. Thorne Deuel the field director. The search this year was for the burial grounds of the tribes who built the Kincaid mounds. Excavation of the adjoining Lewis mounds failed to discover the burials, but added materially to the knowledge of Indian life. After 1 70 Years Dickson Does It When Professor Dickson attended the Harvard cele bration, his contribution to the intellectual carnival was the proof of "Waring's theorem," a problem on which mathematicians have been working for 170 years. Among the professors who have appeared in the public prints recently: Robert E. Park, professor emeritus of sociology, who pointed out that change in society, if made on the basis of news that accurately states the facts, will be made on a rational basis. "So long as we get accurate reporting of the news, the country is safe," he told the Society for Social Research. "It is the business of the newspaper to publish the news, and not to run the coun try. If the papers will publish the news, the country will take care of itself." The parole system is an essential part of the system of criminal justice, Professor of Sociology Ernest Watson Burgess said before the meet ing of the American Prison Association. Chicago has made an unusual record in its fight against crime, he said, the continuous and cumulative work of the Chicago Crime Commission and the war of Chicago newspapers on crime and vice being effective contributions. It was Professor Burgess who worked out the technique of actuarial prediction of "good risks" for parole, since adopted in Illinois and other states. Professor of Marketing James L. Palmer predicted to the Association of National Advertisers that progress of consumer cooperatives probably would be slow in the next decade or two. Nationally known authority on marketing and distribution, and consultant in these fields to many great merchandising organizations, he pointed out that certain abuses in American enterprise were the greatest stimulants to growth of cooperatives. "Ameri can industry can not seek the security of monopoly and cannot engage in abusive and predatory competitive practices without stimulating new forms of competition," he said. "In my judgment a great many of the measures initiated and supported by influential groups in the busi ness community in recent years will, if continued, open the door wide to consumer cooperation." Recent banking legislation has serious omissions and its repairs to the structure are often superficial and con tradictory, Stuart P. Meech, associate professor of finance declared in one of the University College series of public lectures on "Current Trends in Business." Bankers themselves, he contended, are building securely for the future by attacking the problem of creating a safe but actively functioning banking system. Another mem ber of the School of Business, Garfield V. Cox, Robert Law Professor of Finance, addressing the Third Annual Mid- West Conference on Industrial Relations, held at the University, expressed the belief that shortening of working hours and increasing of pay to prevent earnings, wTas not the remedy for unemployment. The result is THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 21 increased costs without concomitant enlargement of demand, as the NRA demonstrated, he said. Poll Upsets Hint of Indoctrination The tumultuous political campaign has had only an occasional echo on the quadrangles. A straw vote of the faculty, who were offered their choice of all six candi dates including the Prohibitionist and the Communist, although the latter party is not on the Illinois ticket, showed the following: Landon, 298; Roosevelt, 267; Thomas, 8. The Daily Maroon, Phoenix and American Student Union cooperatively ran a student poll that was adequately protected against repeaters, and in three days garnered 2,566 votes, out of a total electorate of 6,170. President Roosevelt received 1,420 votes; Landon, 724; Thomas, 206 ; Browder, 205, and Lemke, 7. Samuel A. Stouffer, professor of sociology, who helped the student groups conduct the poll, ran a test vote in the 10 o'clock classes, polling 31 per cent of the undergraduate body. His check vote indicated that only 8 per cent of the possible Browder support failed to vote, and only 28 per cent of the potential Thomas vote failed to partici pate in the big poll. Best organized, these two minority groups got out their voters. The Landon following was the most disinterested of all, 42 per cent of that group failing to vote, while 38 per cent of the Roosevelt vote was not recorded in the Maroon poll. Fourteen members of the faculty signed the following statement endorsing the candidacy of Governor Landon : "Because of the widespread newspaper publicity given to the political utterances of a few members of the Uni versity of Chicago faculty, we have been told that many people hold the erroneous impression that these utter ances represent the political viewpoint of the University of Chicago and its faculty. "The University of Chicago is a non-political institu tion. Each member of the faculty has the right to com plete expression of his own political views. No member of the faculty has any authority to act as representative of the views of the faculty generally or of the University. "Illustrative of that right of complete political freedom. we the undersigned wish publicly to announce that we shall vote for Governor Alf M. Landon for President of the United States on November third." Signers were the following: Harry A. Bigelow, John P. Wilson Professor of Law and Dean of the Law School ; Gilbert A. Bliss, Martin A. Ryerson Distinguished Service Pro fessor of Mathematics, and Chairman of the Department ; Dr. Anton J. Carlson, Frank P. Hixon Distinguished Service Professor of Physiology, and Chairman of the Department; Rollin T. Chamberlain, Professor of Geology; Fay-Cooper Cole, Professor and Chairman, Department of Anthropology; Arthur H. Compton, Charles H. Swift Distinguished Service Professor of Physics; Dr. George F. Dick, Professor and Chairman, the Department of Medicine ; Leonard E. Dickson, Elia- kim H. Moore Distinguished Service Professor of Math ematics; Henry Gordon Gale, Professor and Chairman, Department of Physics, and Dean of the Division of the Biological Sciences; Edgar J. Goodspeed, Ernest D. Burton Distinguished Service Professor of Biblical and Patristic Greek, and Chairman of the Department of New Testament and Early Christian Literature ; Andrew C. McLaughlin, Professor Emeritus of History ; Rollo L. Lyman, Professor of the Teaching of English; William N. Mitchell, Associate Professor of Production Control, and Associate Dean of the School of Business; William A. Nitze, Andrew MacLeish Distinguished Service Pro fessor and Head of the Department of Romance Lan guages and Literatures. Summer Takes Toll of University Personalities Miss Mary McDowell, the original "Good Neighbor," founder of the University of Chicago Settlement, died October 15 at the age of 82. The next issue of the Maga zine is to carry the story of her lifetime of good works, which brought her friends among the mighty and the hum ble the world over. Dr. Edwin Oakes Jordan, Andrew MacLeish D i s t i n- guished Service Pro fessor Emeritus of Bacteriology, the University of Chi cago, died September 1 at the Central Maine General Hos pital, L e w i s t o n, Maine, as a result of cardiac disease which had been critical for a month. Dr. Jordan, one of the original mem bers of the faculty of the University, was internationally known for his work on epidemics, food poisoning, and public health. He also was known as one of the early and influential advocates of health education. The Uni versity of Chicago department of bacteriology and hy giene, which Dr. Jordan organized, has emphasized teaching and research in the field of public health, and was one of the early leaders in the improvement of public water and milk supply. Many of the country's public health workers received their training under Dr. Jordan. ; ! "j j It was the research work organized by Dr. Jordan which developed the decisive evidence in the suit the city of St. Louis brought against the city of Chicago and the Chicago Sanitary District shortly after the opening of the drainage canal, St. Louis contending the canal polluted the downstream water. Dr. Ernest E. Irons and others working with Dr. Jordan demonstrated that bacterial infection from sewage existed only a compara tively short distance downstream. The Chicago bacteriologist was elected to the National Mary McDowell 22 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE Dr. Edwin 0. Jordan Academy of Sciences this spring, the latest of a long series of honors he received in recognition of his work. He was a member of the Medical Fellowship Board of the National Research Council, a trustee of the M cCormi ck Memorial In stitute of In fectious Dis eases, of the American Academy o f Science, the National Tu berculosis As sociation, the Society of Bacteriolo gists, and a honorary fel- lo w of the Association of Pathologists and Bacteriol ogists. From 1920- 27 he was a member of the International Health Board, and from 1930 to 1933 he was a member of the Medical Fellowship Board of the National Research of the Rockefeller Foundation Board of Scientific Directors of the International Health Division. He was awarded the Sedgwick medal of the American Public Health Association in 1934, being the fifth recipient. In 1932 he was president of the Chicago Institute of Medi cine, and was president of numerous other societies during his active career. He was joint editor of the Journal of Infectious Diseases with Dr. Ludwig Hektoen. Dr. Jordan was born July 28, 1866, in Thomaston, Maine. He took his B. S. at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1888, and his Ph. D. from Clark Univer sity, Worcester, Mass., in 1892. He worked also at the Pasteur Institute, Paris. The University of Cincinnati conferred the honorary degree of Sc. D. on him in 1920. Although he achieved distinction as a bacteriologist, Dr. Jordan's formal training was in zoology, in which sub ject he took his Doctorate. For two years, from 1888 to 1890, he was chief assistant biologist, the Massachusetts State Board of Health. In 1892 he came to the Univer sity of Chicago as an associate in anatomy, becoming an instructor the next year. In 1895 he was appointed Assistant Professor of Bacteriology, his department being given space in a basement room of Kent Chemistry Laboratory. In 1907 he was appointed a full professor, and was chairman of the department from 1914 until 1933, when he became emeritus. Dr. Jordan married Elsie Fay Pratt, who survives, in 1893. Their children are Henry Donaldson, professor of history at Clark University; Edwin Pratt, physician of Chicago, and member of the Rush faculty, who lives at 1080 Crescent Lane, Winnetka, and Lucia Elisabeth, who is the wife of Dr. Charles L. Dunham, assistant in medicine in the University Clinics, whose home is at 5639 Kenwood Ave. Myra Reynolds, professor emeritus of English, died in Los Angeles August 20. Professor Reynolds had been a member of the University of Chicago faculty from 1894 until her retirement in 1923. She also was head of Foster Hall from its opening in 1893 until her retire ment. She was born in Troupsburg, New York, March 18, 1853, and was educated at Vassar college and the University of Chicago, receiving her Ph. D. degree from the latter institution in 1895. Before her appointment • to the Chicago faculty she had taught at Wells College and Vassar. She was the author of several studies on poetry, chiefly of poets of the early nineteenth century. Since her retirement, Miss Reynolds had made her home with her sister, Dr. Emily Reynolds, former President of Rockford College, at Palos Verdes Estates, Pasadena. News Notes at Random Maude Slye, Associate Professor of Pathology, took her first "vacation" from her laboratory in thirty years to attend the International Congress for the Control of Cancer at Brussels in mid-September, to report there and to other European medical groups on her researches in hereditary factors in the incidence of cancer. . . . Samuel N. Harper, Professor of Russian Languages and Institutions, is making one of his periodic trips to Russia, the seventeenth in a series started thirty-seven years ago. He will be in Moscow this month to attend the sessions of the constitutional convention. . . . His pursuit of the pituitary glands of whales took Dr. E. M. K. Geiling, Chairman of the Department of Pharmacology, from Queen Charlotte Island, northwest of Vancouver, across the continent to the junction of the St. Lawrence and Saginaw rivers at Tadoussac, two hundred miles north of Quebec. In the St. Lawrence, small whales are killed by the fishermen and can be brought immediately to shore, an item of interest to Dr. Geiling because of the changes occurring in the glands after death. . . . Charles E. Merriam, Morton D. Hull Distinguished Service Pro fessor of Political Science, spent the summer in Europe studying political conditions, returning with the opinion that war is dangerously near. He returned on the Hin- denburg, a fellow passenger being Max Schmeling, with whom the political scientist analyzed his then recent vic tory over Joe Louis. . . . William H. Spencer, Dean of the School of Business, is on leave doing research work at the London School of Economics. . . . William D. Harkins, Andrew MacLeish Distinguished Service Pro fessor of Chemistry, is at Cornell University for the first semester, giving the George L. Baker lectures. Two honor students, Charles J. Tressler and Fred Fowkes, accompanied him to assist in experiments to determine whether "molecules stand on edge or lie flat" on surfaces. . . . Dr. Albert T. Olmstead, Professor of Oriental His tory, is at the American School of Oriental Research this year, as holder of an annual professorship. . . . Werner W. Jaeger, the distinguished classicist, is delivering the Gifford lectures in National Theology at St. Andrews University, Scotland. THE CAMPUS DISSENTER •By SAM HAIR, '35 THE University is surging once more with the throngs of scholars and novitiates swarming across the greensward, through its dimmed corridors into the classrooms, therein to discover . . . what? Perhaps the rest is up to them, although it might be conceded that there is some slight dependence on what Herr Professor has to say. Academic endeavor, however, is somewhat obscured by political campaigning and amateur prognostication as to the future of the Presidency of the United States and the football team, each in its own sphere the source of much discussion. Not because they are aping the pagan habits of the Caesars of the Continent, but because of the penetration of politics in this country through the vast communica- tional advances, the age limit of campaign workers now is practically without limit. The Chicago student is not forced to join an American Avanguardisti, but he may follow along with the Young Republicans or the Roose velt for President clubs. Back so very many years ago, when the Ten Commandments and William Jennings Bryan were still alive and famous, the youth of the land was either in bed or gawking out the window at the torchlight parade, whereas now they outdo the best cam paigning efforts of the oldsters of that time. Further more, the scrambling hurry-worry of the business world makes the business man tend more to mind his business. The students have not only the time but the inclination to take up the issue and fight it out among themselves. The prevailing sentiment of the undergraduate body politic will be revealed in a straw vote on the five presi dential nominees, conducted by members of the Maroon, Phoenix, American Student Union, and the Department of Sociology's Professor Stouffer. Campus campaigning, therefore, directed along characteristic political lines, will have sufficient stumping, shouting, and grade-A vitriol to make it interesting, and the voting scientifically con ducted so that the result will be indicative in some degree of actual returns from the student voters in November. More important, the voting at either time may be more intelligent, if such is the virtue in voting, due to the pres entation of varied views and the clarification of issues in the symposia conducted by the aforementioned groups preceding the straw vote. At a meeting in Mandel Hall on the 14th of October, presided over by Professor Lasswell of Political Science, five parties were repre sented — Democratic, Republican, Socialist, Communist, and Prohibition — by speakers from the upper ranks of the city headquarters of each party. # * * The opening of the quarter saw two of the campus publications appearing not only in all their former glory, but with more glory than many had anticipated. The Daily Maroon, with the Travelling Bazaar and the edi torial page back in their accustomed niches, turned out to be more than a campus bulletin board, with its digni fied yet actually vivid presentation of the news — a diffi cult job on any campus and especially here. A large and praiseworthy issue appeared on the opening day of Freshman Week, in which the frosh found much mate rial of informational and opinion value. The lavish promises of the Maroon staff seem to have some degree of foundation, as indicated by that and the subsequent issues. The Phoenix, bigger and better, appeared shortly before school started, had a good sale, and almost every one has forgotten about its undistinguished namesake of a year ago. Despite the fact that its self-effacing editors wrote most of the magazine, it stands as evidence of a more concerted and painstaking effort to produce a periodical worthy of its background and suitable as a vehicle for the variegated talent not only of the staff but of the student body. * * * The University's seventeen fraternities now are in the throes of rushing under the deferred system. The new Assistant Dean of Students, Leon P. Smith, has made his stand an unequivocal one with regard to the rushing regulations, promising strict enforcement to the letter of the rule. The fraternities, many of them struggling for existence, will be benefited, by and large, if they do adhere to the rules, but the average number of pledges taken by each house possibly will be less than usual. The number of fraternities on campus has decreased from twenty-nine in 1929 to seventeen at the present time. It has become quite obvious to the writer that under existing conditions there is a place for perhaps four or five groups rather than many smaller organiza tions who find it increasingly difficult to maintain them selves in a solvent condition, and function as the chap ters of national fraternities should functon. * sjc * As for our neophyte class — vintage 1940 — no sooner had they arrived on campus, presumably to go to school, than the sophomore class decided that their inferiors should be designated as such and passed an edict, or bull, to the effect that a tradition, discarded these many years, would be revived — and that, all frosh must bedeck themselves with the green caps prescribed therein. The trouble-searching sophs found what they were after, for the proud freshmen firmly resisted, and issued a defi of their own, expressing resentment and voicing threats of retaliation, immediate and terrible. Result: (a) frosh and sophs intermittently have tossed each other in the Botany pond ; (b) the green caps have been conspicuous by their absence. * * * * The Communists have one less flaying point now that our ROTC artillery unit has been removed a couple of hundred miles to Michigan State College, and with it must expire the plutocratic polo team. 23 NEWS OF THE \ * Jacob Viner wfte,M camera was only on, sand spectators at j Bi some relief in viewi«qa American sport after t great world ^ ¦¦ 'Phones rang, newshawks scurried about, an campus wondered and worried at the hint fro Daily Maroon that Robert Hutchins might be Yale's next president. Hutchins poo-pooe< rumor and obliged a student photograph' signing his name with his eyes closed — just to that it could be done. f The big drum and the band turn out to entertain the crowd at the half of the season's first game. Final score: Lawrence 0, Maroons 34. <*?>?< c,e s^ AONTH IN PICTURES aught by the candid , among several thou- lig Ten game. He finds a more or less "simple" trying to interpret the ne of Economics. nd the om the lecome ed the her by to show Ulrich Middeldorf left the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florence, where he was assistant director and trustee, to join ' the Uni versity art faculty. He is considered an outstand ing authority on Renais sance art, particularly from the Florentine angle. VV\vo\a keV'^V^ o"i *\V \\Op As Orientation week was in prog ress this group picture of high school valedictorians entering with the class of '40 was taken. VA V°V ,e*' %Tf§k>"l»** *>»' ;*6' >*&:V V^VSM&S ATHLETICS •By JOHN P. HOWE, '27 Scores of the Month Football Chicago, 34; Lawrence, 0 Chicago, 0; Vanderbilt, 37 Chicago, 6; Butler, 6 The Schedule Remaining Oct. 17 — Purdue at Chicago Oct. 31 — Wisconsin at Madison Nov. 7 — Ohio State at Columbus Nov. 14 — Indiana at Chicago Nov. 21— Illinois at Chicago THIS is written on the eve of the Chicago-Purdue game. The mood is one of sadness and wonder. The Maroon squad this year has been conspicu ous chiefly for the absence of Jay Berwanger. The re doubtable "Dutchman" still gallops across the varsity practice field, but now, as an assistant coach, against the varsity during defensive drills. The starting squad numbered forty men. This group included ten lettermen, ten reserves from last season, fourteen sophomores and half-a-dozen recruits at-large. At this writing one regular, Halfback Ned Bartlett, is out for the season because of injury, and a potential regular, Norman Joffee, sophomore guard, is out with a broken leg. Three other regulars, Halfback Fred Lehnhardt, Guard Clarence Wright and Quarterback Lewis Hamity, have less lethal ailments. Thus the mood of sadness. Pre-season opinion was that Chicago would have a competent first-string line, experienced and fairly heavy but as usual without adequate second-string support. The backfield, despite the graduation of Berwanger, was rated the bright spot because of the return of four letter- men and the advent of a group of promising sophomores. Perhaps half a dozen men who might have seen action failed to attain eligibility, but this loss was discounted, and partially offset by unexpected recruits. After three non-conference games the line seems less potent than had been hoped, and the backfield, riddled with injury, lacks versatility and reserve strength. Ahead loom Purdue, Wisconsin, Ohio State, Indiana and Illinois. The Lawrence game was a cheerful affair. The score was 34 to 0, and it seemed almost as though the Ma roons were out to show the world that there was to be, after Jay Beiwanger, no deluge. But Lawrence, though it came down from Wisconsin with a creditable record, was very weak. Lawrence's total gain on running plays was 7 yards, and the total losses 38 yards, due to rush ing of the passers. One disturbing statistic was the 15 passes Lawrence completed. Ned Bartlett was the bright particular hero of the game. He carried the ball only 6 times but averaged 14 yards a crack and scored two touchdowns. This performance was reminiscent of his first big game, against Michigan two years ago, when he ran the Wolverines dizzy and scored two touch downs within six minutes. A week after the Lawrence game he suffered a concussion diving for a Vanderbilt runner, and, although there have been no untoward after-effects, Dr. Charles Shannon, team physician, de cided to obviate the dangers of such another injury by ruling him off the roster. This was hard on Bartlett, for after nearly two seasons of in-and-out performance he seemed headed for a season that would capitalize his considerable talents and justify the excitement gener ated by that Michigan episode. It was a blow to the team also, for Bartlett was the only genuine triple-threat in the backfield. Touchdowns against Lawrence were made also by those sturdy, dependable veterans, Fullback Warren Skoning and Halfback Fred Lehnhardt, and by Sollie Sherman, sophomore halfback who may prove to be the most effective ball-carrier the Maroons have. Vanderbilt's victory over the Maroons was just as convincing as the score; the score might have been greater had Vanderbilt used its regulars throughout. The Nashville eleven, one of the South's potent teams, and at midseason form, brought up a line that out weighed Chicago's forwards and a collection of light backs faster afoot than any Maroon. For its part Chi cago made errors on offense and defense which were partly attributable to lack of spring practice. Two Van derbilt touchdowns followed "breaks," one of them a mis-pass from center by Chicago which the Commodores recovered on Chicago's 5-yard line, another an intercep tion when Chicago, trailing by a wide margin, tried a pass from its own goal line. Some Chicago followers were dismayed when Vanderbilt was beaten the follow ing week by little Southwestern College. This latter business should not be taken too seriously. For one thing, Vanderbilt requires a dry, fast field for its end- sweeps, quick-opening plays and bullet passes, and the Southwestern game was played in a downpour. For another thing, some of Vanderbilt's best players were absent "scouting" Georgia Tech. Those who saw the Vanderbilt-Chicago game were convinced that the Ma roons had succumbed to one of the finest teams in the country. The scrappy Butler University team, coached by Paul Hinkle, Maroon alumnus, played the Maroons on even terms to a 6 to 6 tie. Game statistics were remarkably alike for both teams. The Butler tally was made pos sible by a 45-yard off-tackle dash by Halfback Welton. Chicago's score followed shortly after a 40-yard gain manuevered by two sophomores. Morton Goodstein bowled through tackle for 8 yards and lateraled to Har vey Lawson, who was loose for 32 yards. The touch down was rammed over by Duke Skoning. Butler, 26 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 27 champion of the Indiana Intercollegiate League for two years, has occasionally beaten Big Ten teams. Chicago's starting line includes only one sophomore and averages 195 lbs. in weight. The ends, both rangy lads, are Bill Gillerlain, a senior, and Kendall Peter sen, a junior, who is the third of three brothers to play end for the Maroons. These men are competently understudied by Bob Fitzgerald, who doubles as a half back, and Carl Frick, a transfer student who unfortu nately has been injured during the early part of the season. The tackle posts seem to be the team's weak spot. First-string men are the spirited veteran Earl Sappington, who has been handicapped by a recurring shoulder ailment, and Bob Johnson, a husky but green sophomore. Their substitutes are all of them reserves of previous years, George Antonic, Jerome Sivesind, Henry Cutter and Ed Thompson, and they are short on game experience. The guard posts would seem to be well manned, with four veterans, Co-Captain Prescott Jordan, Clarence Wright, Harmon Meigs and Bill Bos- worth, the first three of whom are lettermen, available for action. Co-Captain Sam Whiteside is the center, with Sophomore Dick Wheeler as first reserve. Except for the loss of Bartlett, and Fred Lehnhardt's ankle-sprain, the backfield situation is not bad. The sophomores seem to be living up to their promise; cer tainly there should be two first-year men in the back- field most of the time, despite the fact that four back- field lettermen of last season survive. The heavy-duty assignment, which might be called blocking quarterback, but which is called simply "No. 3" by the players, ap parently will be divided equally between Morton Good stein and Lewis Hamity, both rugged sophomores. This post usually involves backing the line on defense, and there is nothing either of them likes better than a good shot at a runner. Goodstein has great general prom ise, and has done particularly well as a pass-receiver. Hamity specializes in distance passing, and has poise and accuracy. The left halfback post, which carries the chief ball- carrying assignment, is divided between Omar Fareed, who has lost none of the sparkle and dash which marked his play last year, and Sollie Sherman. Sophomore Sherman, who led the city prep league in scoring three years ago, has the best ground-gaining average on the squad thus far. He doesn't look elusive, but manages consistently to wriggle away from tacklers. Both Fareed and Sherman are good passers, and can throw accu rately on the run. Sophomore Harvey Lawson, who does a good many things well, will also be useful, al though he lacks weight. Right halfback is divided between Lehnhardt, a good consistent player, and Bob Fitzgerald, who has lots of fight and ability. Both are juniors and both are punters. The dependable Warren Skoning is first fullback. He is backed up by Ed Valorz, sophomore who went to the finals of the Olympic wrestling tryouts this June, and who has promise but lacks experience. * * * The Vanderbilt and Butler results served to revive talk of the general status of Maroon football, and spec ulation as to its future, speculation which has been dor mant during the heyday of Jay Berwanger. It does not seem likely, in the discernible future, that Chicago will return to those days of football prosperity which saw the Maroons compile a record second only to that of Michigan in the Big Ten. Last year the Maroons defeated two ancient and honorable Conference oppon ents, and finished the season in the precise middle of the Conference ratings. The outlook for the next five years certainly would seem better than that of the ebb years, the five seasons 1928-1932 inclusive, when Chicago won only three Big Ten matches; no dramatic action seems indicated. The comparative shortage of squad material at the Midway is obviously one large aspect of the problem. Most Conference members have freshman squads of well above one hundred this autumn, and in some cases far above one hundred. Chicago has about fifty men on its freshman squad, which has been the usual num ber for some years. Coach Shaughnessy is more inclined to bemoan the lack of practice than the lack of numbers. Most suc cessful teams receive most of their drill on individual technique and their rehearsal of the fundamentals of offensive and defensive team tactics during the long spring-practice sessions. In some cases this begins in February and continues into May. This year spring practice at the Midway consisted of exactly sixteen ses sions, attended by an average of twenty men. One reason is that the all-important comprehensive examina tions take place in May, and there is a natural tendency, Maroon Backfield Shows how it is done. Left to right, Ned Bartlet, left half; Omar Fareed, quarter; Warren Skoning, fullback; and Fred Lehnhardt, right half. where weekly and quarterly requirements are not stressed throughout the year, for undergraduates to let work pile up until spring. Another matter that dis turbs Mr. Shaughnessy is the comparative youth of his squad. Because of its high entrance requirements Chi cago tends to select an undergraduate body that is younger, class for class, than those of its neighbors. Its 28 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE students passed through grade school and high school more quickly than their fellows. Thus there were three 18-year-olds in the Chicago starting lineup against But ler, whereas no starting Butler man was under 20. At that age-level one or two years makes a considerable difference in physical maturity, Shaughnessy points out. Chicago has far fewer men available for athletics than enrollment figures would indicate. This autumn there are 3,147 undergraduates on the quadrangles, of whom 1,903 are men; of the latter number about 450 Head Men Talk it over. Co-Captains Sam Whiteside and Prescott Jordon discuss an impending game with Head Coach Clark Shaughnessy and Assistant Coach, AU-American Jay Berwanger. are freshmen, who are not available for varsity compe tition. But another factor is usually overlooked : a very sizeable proportion of Chicago's undergraduate body is composed of "transfer" students who have had one or more years of college work elsewhere; during the last academic year 64.1% of all bachelors' degrees conferred were granted to students who had had college work before coming to the Midway. Transfer students, like freshmen, must put in a probationary year before they become eligible for athletics. Usually their availability is limited to one year. In sports like football one year is insufficient for learning effectively a complex system of tactics; there are only two transfer students on the squad this fall. Subtract then, transfer students in their first year, and subtract another hundred or more who are scholastically ineligible, and the number of men available for intercollegiate athletics is well under a thousand. At the bigger state institutions the number is three or four times that. Chicago's twelve inter collegiate teams draw a total of more than two hun dred candidates. Allowing for duplications, this means that one in every half-dozen students available for ath letics is a member of some varsity squad. Surely such a high percentage is desirable; certainly it indicates no lack of interest in athletic competition. Another question is the caliber of the football material, as distinguished from numbers. Chicago's high en trance standards, high eligibility standards, and high tuition rates obviously are factors. Athletes are not stupid, but the amount of time they devote to athletics, especially if they are "all-around" performers, some times detracts from their academic performance. There are instances of young men who were refused admis sion at Chicago going elsewhere to star; there are no examples of the reverse we can think of. One young man whom the newspapers describe as the outstanding prospect among 160-odd freshmen at a Big Ten institu tion was turned down at the Midway this autumn. Also, athletes are apt to have insufficient financial support. Schools of physical education, which train coaches and athletic directors, attract some gifted athletes. Chicago is one of the few Conference institutions which main tains no physical education school. It cannot give aca demic credit for laboratory courses in the theory and practice of football. Then there is the matter of proselyting and subsi dizing athletes. No Big Ten institution proselytes or subsidizes. To varying extents, unofficially and in formally, alumni help athletes. Probably there is tacit acceptance of this practice at some institutions. The conventional picture of a network of alumni spotting prep athletes and luring them with promises, such as was suggested in last month's "March of Time" news- reel, is probably overdrawn; for one thing alumni are apt to be poor judges of talent. Still, if a group of en thusiastic alumni can produce half a dozen crack players a year, this may mean the difference between champion ship and the cellar. Chicago has no such organization of alumni, possibly because so many of its alumni were once "transfer students" (three-fourths of all graduate students are "transfer students") and therefore have divided loyalties when it comes to the football type of sentiment, possibly because their interests are more mature. Chicago will continue to take a sane attitude toward athletics. The Midway does attract able young men, for despite its handicaps, Chicago had the average team of the Big Ten last year, not the poorest team. Chicago's guiding principle is that support of athletics is justified to the extent that athletics contribute toward education and toward general health. Its belief that athletics do have educational value is proved strikingly in its will ingness to underwrite athletic department deficits out of general university funds. Despite deficits the Uni versity maintains a full complement of "minor sports" teams which do not pay for themselves, and it is en couraging the development of others; last year, for ex ample, a rifle team and an ice-hockey team. It may or may not be significant that Chicago excels in those sports that attract the least publicity and the least gate- receipts, such as fencing, gymnastics, tennis, water polo. The two-year honor scholarships have helped Ma roon athletics. These scholarships are awarded to enter ing freshmen men on the basis of scholarship, leadership in school activities, and general personal qualifications. The minimum scholastic requirement for honor-scholar ship consideration is that the candidate must have grad uated in the upper one-third of his class; in practice the applications are so numerous that the winners al most invariably are drawn from among those who THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 29 finished in the upper one-tenth of their high school classes. The scholarships are administered by a faculty com mittee which has no particular interest in athletics. At least half have been awarded to editors, debaters, musi cians but the committee does consider athletic partici pation in high school as one evidence of potential leader ship. Many undergraduates, including some athletes, o-et jobs around the University; none is assured of a job in advance. The general program of the athletic department calls for a reduction of the varsity football schedule from eight to seven games, four of which will be Conference matches. - An additional game, exclusively for members of a "B" team, is planned. Alumni and players seem to feel that annual games with Michigan, Wisconsin and Illinois would be desirable, with the fourth Big Ten game drawn from among the others ; and that two inter- sectional games, one "practice" game and a possible "B" team game might well be scheduled to complete the card. For next year the six major opponents have already been scheduled, an imposing array consisting of Princeton, Wisconsin, Vanderbilt, Ohio State, Michi gan and Illinois. Last February President Hutchins, replying to alumni questions at the annual Midwinter Assembly, had this to say about athletics at Chicago : "The future of intercollegiate athletics at Chicago de pends partly on what the University does and partly on what other institutions do. The University will be consistent. It will not depart from its principles to gain athletic success. It will conduct the athletic de partment like every other department of the University, and will maintain athletic teams as part of its educational program. It will not subsidize athletes; it will not discriminate against them. "To the extent to which other institutions in this region adopt the principles of the University of Chi cago this university will be more and more successful in intercollegiate competition. If other universities do not adopt these principles, the University of Chicago can hope to be no more successful in the future than it has been in the past. It is my belief that in spite of the temporary setbacks produced by the depression, the gen eral trend is toward the adoption of the practices of the University of Chicago and that the future of inter collegiate athletics at the University is brighter than it has been." This Era of Uncertainty (Continued from Page 7) faced frankly and in the spirit of cooperative adjust ment their differences in social theory and experience. There are, as I have tried to show, hopeful evidences of the beginnings of invention in education. If in this sphere of unobtrusive but highly significant social ad justment new forces can be released and effective or ganizations can be developed, we are justified in hoping that the uncertainties and incoordinations which beset industry, commerce and government will disappear. The subtle attitudes and modes of thinking of a nation are the sources and guides of national behavior. While the external manifestations of life can be more readily ob served and described than can the psychological forces which prompt action, the true center of human life is in the world of intelligence. If confusion and uncer tainty are corrected in men's thinking, their activities will take on order and effectiveness. Their economic and political relations will reflect the clarity of their intellectual insights. — HOMECOMING PROGRAM — Friday, November 20 3:30 P. M. Victory Vanities sponsored by Skull and Crescent in Mandel Hall. (Skits and acts given by fraternities and Girls' clubs, also cheers and songs. Prize for best act.) 8:00 P. M. Rally and bonfire in the Circle with band, parade, and speeches by downtown staff of coaches and others. 9:00 P. M. Homecoming Dance in Ida Noyes Hall. Roy Lind's Orchestra. Sponsored by Iron Mask. Admission 40c per man, ladies free. Saturday, November 21 10:30 A M. Judging of fraternity house decorations. 2:00 P. M. Football Game. Chicago vs. Illinois. Between halves of game, award of prizes for winning decoration and winning act in Vanities. WINDS OVER THE CAMPUS A Review • By CARL H. GRABO, '03, Associate Professor of English Author PROFESSOR LINN'S latest novel, Winds Over the Campus, is a much better book than the earlier This Was Life; more interesting as a story and vastly richer in its social back ground and the author's comment thereon. Indeed, as depicted in This Was Life the University's connection with the social and economic scene forty years ago was academic and re mote. In the interval the University has become an intimate and important part of the city's life, the subject of violent attack and the theme of controversy. Professor Linn's novel gives a thinly veiled history of the circumstances which led to the famous State Senate inquiry into the alleged subversive teaching of the University. His characters in their relation to these events and in their comments upon them exemplify certain typical responses of student, teacher, and non-university critic to the questions, How free should the individual teacher be to express out side the classroom socially heretical be liefs? What may the University prop erly teach its students ? What, in short, is the University's job? The reactionary point of view is ex pressed in part by the North Shore friends of Professor Grant, the elderly hero of the story. One lady caustically asks what the "universities have ever done but take the money of the rich to spend it on hoi polloi?" She opines that the rich will cease to be generous. Universities are, for her, in some unin telligible fashion responsible for or com mitted to the New Deal. If the Presi dent "wants class warfare instead of democracy, government by the dole will certainly bring it on. I don't believe in doles, even to the universities." An other conservative asks, "Is it a fact, General Randolph, that there are eleven thousand old army rifles hidden on the South Side, in the possession of the Communists?" When Professor Grant doubts mildly whether Russian money "has paid for even one rifle in the United States," he is answered thus: "Oh, we all know what you professors think. . . . Brain trusters for the ad ministration and rifles for the Commun ists are both part of your conception of free speech. What's the" Constitution among friends?" Professor Grant's colleagues are no less frank and not much more polite in denouncing the few among them who by radical utterances have brought criticism upon the University. "Out here," says one, "we talk too much. . . . I am talking of those who do not stay in their own fields. They say — what do they say? . . . When they are not right, it is not they who are blamed, it is the University." All believe that the rash speakers cost the University much in the loss of gifts. Grant responds that "if the University attempts to shut a man up, the man ceases to be of his highest possible value to the University, for a University is and can be nothing but a collection of thinkers. If the Uni versity does not shut a man up, in some cases it is likely to be expensive, so far as gifts are concerned. Which is the more expensive, to forfeit gifts of teach ing and research, or to forfeit gifts for teaching and research?" The faculty group while not denying the right of free speech either to student or teacher argue that the right should be exercised with discretion and that anyone who gets unfavorable notoriety because of his radical remarks deserves a "kick in the pants." Professor Grant, whose opinions on these issues are somewhat variable, thinks there is something to be said for this point of view. Professor Grant is himself expressive of the middle-of-the-road liberal philos ophy which finds favor neither with re actionaries nor radicals. He urges his young Communist friend, Lamar, to play football and thus earn a favorable public opinion so that if his assault upon a policeman is brought home to him the University will not be so much on the spot. Lamar wishes to give himself up but Grant argues that to do so would be to advance the Communist cause only slightly and might cost the University a good deal. He prevails upon the young man to follow the safe course. But La mar nevertheless has little use for Grant's philosophy : "He's a liberal. He wants all pleasant ends, but will use no harsh means." Lamar believe in "dras tic social change — social revolution." Only thus can conditions so be altered as to raise the proportion of normal, clear-thinking people to the "fools, dull ards, criminals" who constitute 99 per cent of the population. "About one per cent . . . have a perception of the greater good, and they realize that the greater good will never come through hopes, and dreams, and idealism, and all that nonsense. . . . The greater good isn't going to come without a fight." Grant believes and says that it is "the whole duty of the University to promote think ing and research." If, says Lamar, Grant is sincere in this, he "must ad mit the possibility that thinking and re search would bring us to a belief in the (necessity of revolution." But this possi bility Grant does not admit. Professor Grant is an agreeable mouthpiece for the liberal point of view, unjustifiably hopeful amid the ever- darkening social scene. He has his pes simistic moments when he doubts whether among the ten thousand stu dents in his classes over a period of forty years there has been even one whom he has taught anything. He doubts whether the University promotes "discipline of thought." He asks indeed whether the students are capable of it — "Lazy thinkers, greedy thinkers, sloppy thinkers, dirty thinkers." And he won ders sometimes whether the universities and colleges are anything more than so cial clubs. With all the increase in en dowments and the greater cost of in struction, is the "University any more efficient than once?" These are doubts inevitable to any teacher of many years and do honor to his sincerity. Yet his prevailing mood is more optimistic. He concludes that the University has "in duced hundreds of thousands of young Critic people to think about life instead of tak ing life for granted. What conclusions they came to did not make much differ ence." He conceives of education as a process whose "ends were the individ uals who subjected themselves to the process." 30 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 31 The reader will perhaps pin more faith to Professor Grant's pessimism than to his optimism. Grant proclaims with a fine gesture, "How I think is the business of the University, but what I think is not the business of the Univer sity. It would at once cease to be an educational institution." The how and the what are not in practice so easily distinguished. All thinking is, indeed, more a matter of premises than of logi cal processes based upon them. Granted the premises the same logical processes may lead to fascism, Marxian socialism, or Calvinism). Moreover, society at large, casting its critical eye upon the University, cares not at all how it thinks but what. Provided the University de clares itself in line with the dominant power, whether of church, state, or in dustry, it will be approved however il logical the processes by which it achieves conformity. And if it is her etical the finest logical defences will not save it. The world, as Professor Grant probably knows well enough, is not gov erned by reason. Academic distinctions between what the teacher may say in the classroom and what in his capacity as citizen cease to mean anything in times of bigotry and intolerance. Nazi Germany has made short work of such nonsense. Un der a dictator unpalatable truth may not be told either in the classroom or else where. What manifestly, to any sane mind, is untruth must be taught instead. The natural scientists of this country, irritated by the free speaking of our so cial scientists which has brought criti cism upon universities and the threat of censorship, should observe that they too are not safe from coercion. In German universities strange things are taught about the Aryan and the unique charac ter of his blood stream. There is even, we read, a non-Semitic brand of physics which ignores Einstein. We, happily, have reached no such extremity as yet, but to the degree that intolerance grows among us the teacher, whether in the classroom or without, will be hampered in his expression of what he believes to be the truth — in the statement, that is. of facts — however innocent he may be of propaganda or of affiliation with mi nority parties. Professor Grant never quite comes to grips with the implications of his faith in truth. He exclaims, "How little the fools understand the necessity, the vi tality, of truth ! ... Or determination to comprehend truth." Character, he says, depends on this determination. Admit tedly. But the search for truth demands the skeptical mind, a mind which ques tions all beliefs, all dogmas, all institu tions and has faith in nothing but the necessity of honesty to itself. Its phil osophy is pure anarchism! : It believes in the innate equality of all truths and all seekers after truth ; and it acknowledges no subservience to the doctrines of church, state, or vested privilege. But though it teach no doctrines, espouse no causes, it nevertheless is a menace to all who in their power seek to coerce others. If, incorporate as a university, it does its job properly, its graduates will be critical-minded men, not yes men. The more they have learned to think for themselves, the less easily will they be coerced either by dictators or demagogues and the less easily deceived by lies and propaganda. It is the criti cal and open mind, not any body of be liefs, or any avowed social or religious philosophy, which is the enemy to vested power in whatever form. Vested power seeking to perpetuate itself re sists the forces which would change it and denies the inevitability of change; whereas the free university and the free mind accept change as the law of the universe and make its processes their study. The reader of Professor Linn's novel will, I believe, sympathize with his hero's laudable desire for a free univer sity devoted solely to the pursuit of truth but which nevertheless excites no persecution by the police nor alienates the benefactions of the wealthy. If by keeping our mouths closed out of the classrooms, though speaking freely therein, so great an end could be reached, most teachers, however given to unpopular causes, would willingly comply. But we should in fact gain nothing but a reputation for hypocrisy and timidity. The "free thinker," as the quaint term: has it, will always be found out and harried when heresy hunting is the sport of the day. Winds Over the Campus, in the per sons of its various characters presents several points of view, no single one of which can be taken as the author's. Yet the emphasis upon Professor Grant and his liberal opinions is justification for considering him and them as first in the author's eye. His opinions are fairly representative, too, of the open-minded teachers constituting the majority of our college and university staffs, men who cherish their freedom of thought and speech and are averse to all political extremes, whether reactionary or radi cal. That a middle ground, however ad mirable in itself, is tenable amid the pressures of our time, many of liberal mind begin to doubt. Perhaps Professor Linn will write a third novel on the col lege theme five years from now, when we shall know more surely whether we must turn fascist or communist or whether a revival of democracy is to grant us a further lease of freedom. PUERTO RICO ALUMNI THE visit of Dr. William S. Gray to Puerto Rico was made the occasion of a reunion of the University of Chi cago Alumni in Puerto Rico, with Dr. and Mrs. Gray, Gracie and Buddy, and Dr. and Mrs. Padin, guests of honor. A luncheon was given at the Condado Hotel, on the shore of the Atlantic, one of Puerto Rico's most beautiful spots, on March 23, 1936. The table in the form of a hollow square was artistically decorated with a profusion of flowers which bloom throughout the year in Puerto Rico. Miss Elsie Mae Willsey was mistress of ceremones. Miss Celestina Zaldu- ondo (social service department) de lighted the audience and demonstrated bilingualisnl (which had been the topic of Dr. Gray's study) by singing first in English, then in Spanish. Mrs. Camara, a friend, was at the piano. Speakers who related experiences while on the campus were : Dr. Gildo Masso, AM'22, Dean of Administration, University of Puerto Rico: Mr. Pedro A. Cebollero, AM'29, Assistant Commissioner of Edu cation ; Mr. Facundo Bueso, SM'29, As sistant Professor in Physics, U. P. R.; Mrs. Raquel R. Dexter, SM'29, Instruc tor in Biology, U. P. R.; Dr. E. Fer- nandez-Garcia, MD'15, representing medical alumni; Mr. J. M. Rolon, PhB'26, Principal, Cayey High School, who made a strong plea for a permanent alumni organization in Puerto Rico. All present enthusiastically agreed. Dr. Jose Padin, Commissioner of Education, summed up the comments of others as they contributed to develop ments in Puerto Rico, and pointed out how much Dr. Gray's visit had meant to all groups of teachers. Dr. Gray brought to the group the news of the campus, and recent develop ments of interest to those present. He also commented on the large number of positions of importance in the educa tional and other fields in Puerto Rico held by U. of C. alumni and former stu dents. A check on diploma dates showed home economics held the oldest and the youngest, represented by Miss Elsie Mae Willsey, PhB' 13, Supervisor of Vocational Home Economics for the Island, and Miss Berta Cabanillas, SM'35, instructor in Home Economics, U. P. R. Others present were: Mr. J. C. Thomas, PhB'27, Art Department, U. P. R., and Mrs. Thomas; Mr. J. P. Blanco, summer, 1935, General Super intendent of English for the Island; Mrs. Herbert Russell (Kate Vick), homemaker; Mr. J. F. Maura, summer, 1925, Registrar, U. P. R. ; Mr. Oscar F. Porrata, AM'34, Supervisor of Rural Schools of the Island; Mrs. Antonio Marquez (Esther Cressy), PhB'25, Member Engish Committee, Department of Education, San Juan, also Teacher of High School subjects, Caguas, P. R.; Mr. Clyde Fischer, SB'33, AM'35, High Schools of the Island; Mrs. Antonio Rosa Marina Torres, summer, 1929, Home Economics Instructor, U. P. R. Having learned that there are many more "Chicago" people on the Island, it was decided to work up a roster and proceed to the formation of a perma nent organization. NEWS OF THE CLASSES COLLEGE 1868 Elon N. Lee celebrated his 96th birthday on May 15, 1936. He is the last Civil War veteran in Webster City, Iowa, and possibly in Hamilton County. 1895 The Woman's Club of Breckenridge, Colorado, headed by Gertrude Dorman Phillips (Mrs. Ferdinand S.) raised the flag of the United States over what is designated, on certain government maps, as "No Man's Land" and form ally claimed it as territory of the United States of America, one Saturday after noon last August. 1903 C. B. Mathews, recently elected president of the Newnan Rotary Club, is superintendent of the Public Schools of Newnan, Georgia. 1906 The tenth anniversary of Elizabeth Munger' s superintendency of the state farm for women at Niantic, was cele brated on the Fourth of July by a color ful parade, entertainment and picnic given by the staff and girls of the farm. "A system of classification of inmates, which is approved by all progressive penologists, was begun by Miss Munger and has been carried on since 1926. The prison women from Wethersneld were transferred to the state farm in 1930 and all women prisoners of the state have been cared for at the state farm since that time. "The population of the state farm has trebled since 1926, and the system of classification has made it possible for this institution to care for 1,635 women during Miss Munger's ten years as superintendent." 1908 Director of the Winnetka Public School Nursery for the last nine years, Rose Haas Alschuler (Mrs. Alfred S.) has also been directing the Chicago Nursery Schools operating under the W.P.A. since December, 1933. Hough ton Mifflin last month published her book, "Play, The Child's Response to Life." Formerly Business Manager of The Christian Herald and later Assistant General Manager of the Conde Nast Publications, Inc., Luther Dana Fer- nald, ex, has been appointed Adver tising Director of the Farm Journal, with headquarters in Philadelphia c/o Curtis Publishing Company, #1 Inde pendence Square. 1909 Edith Osgood Eaton (Mrs. Scott V.) AM'14, of 6115 Greenwood Ave nue, Chicago, writes: "I think the most interesting news that we have is that our daughter, Dorothy, is a freshman in the University this fall. It has been interesting to note the many changes from 1905, when I entered as a fresh man, to the well organized reception and placement of the freshmen today. I should also like to express my appre ciation and enjoyment *of alumni week last June. I think the right plan has finally been worked out." Helen Jacoby is pleasantly located at her new home at 818 East 58th Street, Indianapolis, Ind. 1910 Francesco Ventresca, PhM' 11, 4313 Prospect Avenue, Western Springs, Illinois, completed his fortieth year as a teacher this summer as the chairman of the foreign languages department at Manley High School in Chicago. 1911 For the last two years, Sarah E. Ausemus has been a retired teacher of the Home Economics Department of the Chicago City Schools. 1912 Winifred Winne Cnkling, 904 Colcord Building, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, has been very much occu pied this year with church work, as the Organizing Secretary for Rural Work of the Episcopal Church in the State of Oklahoma. Her two sons are now 15 and 25. A sports fan, she especially enjoys football. Nell C. Henry of Cleveland, Ohio, reports that she had a grand trip to the west coast this summer, attending the National Education Association meeting in Portland, Oregon, and tak ing in Glacier Park, Vancouver, Vic toria, Seattle, and Mt. Rainier on the way out and San Francisco and Yel lowstone Park afterwards. She liked "Old Faithful" geyser best of all. 1916 Helen B. Eastman reports that she is just enjoying every day and has had two trips to Mexico, one to New Eng land, Florida, and two to California since April, 1933. It is not hard to believe that travel and photography are her hobbies. She was principal of the Emmet School in Chicago for twenty- two years. Ethelyn Mullarkey Messner, with her husband, Charles A. Messner, AM'22, and son aged ten, sailed from New York the last of August to spend the year abroad. Mr. Messner has been granted a year's leave of absence for foreign travel and study. He is pro fessor of Latin, in the State Teachers College at Buffalo, New York, and also teaches French. They expected to spend the month of September in the British Isles and arrive in Paris about the first of October, then establish headquarters there and tour about as occasion per mits. Leoline Gardner Kroll (Mrs. H. W.) writes: "Mr. Kroll is in the industrial arts department of the high school at Buhl, Minnesota. He is greatly interested in boys, having served as scoutmaster for a number of years, and is now a member of the district court of honor as well as our local chairman. Our hobbies are a lovely lawn, a lovely flower garden (princi pally gladioli), and a lovely collection of wild flowers. We have taken first place in our community for a lovely lawn for four years. I have taken the sweepstake prize at our flower show, totaling 63 points, second place holding 39 points. My son, Harry Gardner, now twelve years of age and in Junior High, is equally interested in wild flowers and has a collection of approximately three hundred and fifty plants mounted. He has done all of the work himself but the naming of them. I have served as a "Gray's Manual" for him and found it most enjoyable work. Mr. Kroll and I are also making a collection separate from that of our son. My family and I visited at the Universty in June — the week after my class reunion. Sorry it wasn't convenient to be there a week earlier." 1918 Ruth Falkenau says that she is "manager of the Churchill Hotel, 1255 North State Street, Chicago, where lives Everett Rogerson, '15, a Deke of before my time." Her hobby is study ing the piano with Madi Bacon. 1919 "During the year, July, 1935, to July, 1936, I have been around the world visiting Hawaii, Japan, China, Bali, Java, Burma, the Philippines, India, Egypt, Palestine, Cyrus, Rhodes, Athens, Sicily, Italy, Corsica, France, England and Norway," writes Grace T. Davis (Mrs. Ozna S.), 5725 Blackstone Avenue, Chicago. 1920 Arthur B. Cummins manages Celite Research for the Johns-Manville Cor poration in Manville, N. J., diatomace- ous earth industry for United States. Incidentally for recreation he enjoys moose hunting. Donald Gray, 415 City Banks Build ing, Kankakee, Illinois, is now presi dent of the Kankakee County Bar As- sociation. For the time being Walter E. Kramer gives us his address as c/o Pullman Couch Company, #1 Park Ave nue, New York City. 32 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 33 S PEC IAL S E LLI N G OF UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO § MADE TO ORDER BY SPODE COPELAND, ENGLAND, FOR THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION AND MARSHALL FIELD & COMPANY 8 $075 Dozen (Only 300 sets available) Each of the 12 plates has a different scene in the center — reproduced from fine etch ings of University of Chicago buildings. All are bordered with an exquisite Gothic design etched in tones of gray and black. The neutral color and conventional pat tern make these service plates blend harmoniously with tableware of any color or design. For one who is or has been a part of the University of Chicago, we cannot suggest a more thoughtful or lasting gift than these plates. Mail the coupon, at right, or telephone for delivery. In the Chicago metropoli tan area, delivery will be made as usual. To mail sets outside this area, include parcel post or express charge for 20 pounds to the desired zone. If you like, sets may be wrapped as Christmas gifts and delivered about December 20. China Section MARSHALL FIELD & COMPANY Chicago, Illinois | | Enclosed you'll find $8.75 for one dozen Commemorative Plates. | | Please charge to my account - of Commemorative Plates. _sets NAME. ADDRESS- MARSHALL F I E L D & C O M P A N Y 34 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 1921 Elinor G. Hayes, AM'22, works for the Western Electric Company at their Hawthorne Plant, conducting special surveys for the Personnel Planning De partment. Her home address is 329 South Oak Park Avenue, Oak Park, Illinois. Lou-Eva Longan is superintendent of the St. Christopher's School in Dobbs Ferry, New York. 1922 ^ Ruth Johnson Clarahan, 649 Hill side, Glen Ellyn, Illinois, is a busy housewife and mother. She is collect ing early American pressed glass and recently was reelected trustee of the Glen Ellyn Free Public Library. The Alumni Office recently received a note from Frankie I. Jones, AM'35, giving her new address as 709*4 Maple Avenue, LaPorte, Indiana. 1923 Mabel Pingry, in the English de partment of Crane High School, has spent the past two summers at the Graduate School of English at Bread- loaf, Vermont. Amos Alonzo Stagg, Jr., AM'35, is starting his second season as coach of Susquehanna University. Ethel M. Woolhiser is co-author of "Basic Procedures in Guiding Learn ing," a guide book for courses in tech niques in teaching, and "The Schools of Illinois," a handbook for adult for ums. A lover of gardening, she has a fine rose garden. She is a member of faculty of the State Teachers Col lege at Peoria. Her new address is 336 Augusta Avenue, DeKalb, Illinois. 1924 R. J. Demeree of 7448 North Hoyne Avenue, Chicago, was recently ap pointed executive secretary of the East Sixty- third Street Council. David McKeith, pastor of the Asylum Hill Congregational Church at Hartford, Connecticut, received the honorary degree of doctor of divinity from Yankton College in June, 1936. 1925 Newberry Library visitors interested in genealogy or local history will find Elisabeth Coleman in charge of that department. On Saturday, August 15, the Sisters of Mercy at the Saint Xavier Convent, 4928 Cottage Grove Avenue, Chicago, celebrated the Golden Jubilee of the Holy Profession of Sister Mary Cal- lista Convey. Commented an editorial in The Cleve land Press, September 1, at the time when Safety Director Eliot Ness charged long-existent police collusion in the 15th Precinct of Cleveland and or dered the greatest purge in the history of the department : "That young fellow Eliot Ness, down at City Hall again gives this city a striking demonstra tion of the courage and brains a safety director ought to have. Does he sit glued to his swivel chair at the Hall twid dling his thumbs at stories of suspicious doings in the Police Department — as many of his predecessors did? Not Ness. Out he goes, and does his own investigating. Result: A whole precinct cleaned out. We wish, Mr. Ness, that you were quintuplets." 1926 Robert C. Anderson has accepted an appointment with the College Inn Food Products Company. Leslie P. Fisher, who graduated from the Harvard Law School in 1934, is now practicing law in Iron River, Michigan. M. Lucile Harrison, AM'33, is do ing teacher training work in the Colo rado State College of * Education, Greeley, Colorado. She is the author of "Reading Readiness," off the press in June, 1936, is on the advisory com mittee for the preparation of the 36th Yearbook for the National Society for the study of Education, and is a mem ber of the Association for Childhood Education. Lucile Prier was married to Lynne E. Wetzel on November 11, 1935; they are now living at 118 Bell Street, Cha grin Falls, just outside of Cleveland, Ohio. 1927 Franklin D. Elmer, Jr., DB'30, and Margaret Nelson Elmer, '27, are moving to 118 Genesee Street, Lock- port, New York. While at DeKalb, Mrs. Elmer helped to organize the Uni versity of Chicago Alumni Club and has been instrumental in its work since its inception. Mr. Elmer is now pastor of the First Baptist Church of Lock- port. Allis Graham, who was in charge of the Chapel Dean's Office for the last eight years, at the University of Chicago, left the campus the last of August and is now living at the Inter national House in New York. Begun as an experiment by the Uni versity of Utah Training School] the play school for kindergarten and first grade children conducted by Mrs. Al- mira M. D. Martin, AM'30, gained such favor that it was continued for six weeks during the past summer. The objectives of the play school are happi ness, profitable use of leisure time, de velopment along the lines of the chil dren's interest and normal living, train ing in becoming a contributing member of the social group. Much of the play activity of the school is suggested by the stories read. An art project is gen erally introduced and worked on during the six week's course. R. R. Pickett, PhD'30, and his wife, Agnes Kerr, '27, live in Emporia, Kan sas, where Mr. Pickett heads the de partment of commerce in the State Teachers College. They report a de lightful trip through New England fol lowing the summer session of Harvard University, where Mr, Pickett was vis iting instructor. 1928 An article by Roberta W. Brown entitled "The Relation Between Age (Chronological and Mental) and Rate of Piano Learning," was published in the Journal of Applied Psychology, Au gust, 1936. This is her fourth publica tion. She is now engaged on a graded series of melodies for children to play and sing. "How poisonous is a scorpion ?" That is the problem which is confronting Herbert L. Stahnke, high school in structor from Mesa, Arizona, who spends his summers at Iowa State Col lege working for his doctor's degree in zoology. "Urged by the desire to find some means of combatting the scor pions, which are abundant in Arizona and the other southwestern states, Stahnke is conducting experiments on the toxic effects of the sting of differ ent species." Marian Plimpton van de Griendt combines with her enjoyment of music and the study of philosophy a real lik ing for the finer arts of cooking. Her present address is 1149A High Court, Berkeley, Calif. 1929 The Chicago-Kent College of Law granted the degree of Master of Laws to Helen Walter Munsert (Mrs. Kenneth W.) last June. She is still practicing law and is now located at 1522 First National Bank Building with the firm of Walter, Burchmpre and Bel- nap. 1930 Daniel Autry, who took his med ical degree at the University of Arkan sas Medical School in 1934 and who for the past two years has been at the Charity Hospital, New Orleans, Louisiana, has been given a fellowship for the next year at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, New York. Laura M. Brown is teaching science at the Wendell Phillips Senior High School, Chicago. 1931 Richard O. Lang, AM'32, made a hurried trip from Washington in Au gust to take his degree of doctor of philosophy at the Summer Convocation. He is now social statistician for the United States Central Statistical Board. 1932 Henry L. Rous, chemist for the American Cyanamid and Chemical Cor poration in Joliet, Illinois, is engaged in analysis and some research, both of which are concerned with the traces of impurities in alums. Photography and golf vie for first place so far as his hobbies are concerned but the former is now gradually winning a lead since his year old son, Henry Louis II, af fords such a tempting subject. Nathaniel M. Winslow recently accepted an appointment with the Na tional Carbon Company, Edgewater Works, Cleveland, Ohio. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 35 fine, long novel of the complex life of a "superbly human" university — faculty and undergraduates, town and grown. Mirrored in this microcosm are the social unrest of our time, the challenges to liberty of thought and teaching, the new sex freedom, the old sex modesty — a vivid and dramatic picture. By James Weber Linn "This portrait of a university universe is timely, topical and intelligent. James Weber Linn, teacher, critic, journalist, biographer and novelist knows his universities — particularly the nameless, but easily identified one in the book," says the New York Sun of this exciting and heart warming novel. "Jerome Grant, who was a freshman in the author's earlier This Was Life, is a sixty-year-old professor now. Contrasting the modern university with that of his student days, Grant thought: The present generation seem no less intelligent, no less courageous than in the '90s . . . and were they not more comprehending of their respon sibilities as citizens?" Every alumnus of Chicago will find rich enjoy ment in the pages of this memorable picture of a great university today. Published by Bobbs-Merrill. . „ , « At all bookstores. $2.50. WINDS OVER THE CAMPUS P /swlfrs\ \\ fafiftl Ham JSWk %5P Th e meat makes the meal Ask for Swift's Premium Ham needs no parboiling 36 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 1933 George F. Dale recently resigned his appointment with the Abbott Labora tories to assist in research for the Wex- mar Company, Chicago. Lieutenant of Field Artillery, J. Law rence Goodnow has now been assigned to the First Field Artillery at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. For the past few months Martin J. Herrmann has been connected with the Highway Planning Survey of the Mich igan State Highway Department. He has been serving in the capacity of Blanket Count Supervisor of the sev enth district, which includes eight coun ties. Jane F. Jordan has accepted a secre tarial position with the Universal Oil Products Company, Riverside. Oscar L. Scherr, SM'36, is now connected with the Jewel Tea Com pany, Barrington, 111. In addition to serving as personal secretary to Mr. E. R. Wright, Beulah O. Wright, 8444 South Morgan Street, Chicago, is office manager for E. Ray mond Wright, Inc., printers. 1934 Kenneth Demb and Paul Seligman have appointments with Akay Electron Company of Chicago. From Newton, Kansas, Christine E. Miller writes that she is teaching com mercial subjects in the High School there. Her hobbies are music and plays. 1935 Charles L. Asher now lives at 510 Bigelpw Street, Peoria, Illinois, while working as assistant research chemist for Sutliff and Case Company, Inc., manufacturing pharmaceutical chem ists. For recreation he enjoys swim ming during the summer, but the study of pharmacy rates high with him as an avocation. Marie Berger, 500 Cornell Avenue, Chicago, is registered in the Law School for her second year of legal study. James Edward Day, a second year student in the Harvard Law School, has been elected to the Harvard Law Reviezv and will serve as an editor of the Jubilee Edition to be published dur ing the coming year. Marvin H. Glick is associated now with the Sterling Company, 212 West Monroe Street, Chicago. He enjoys all outdoor sports and is keenly interested in music, literature, and art. Philip C. Doolittle of Chicago is working in the freight traffic depart ment of the Pennsylvania Railroad. Hal James was in Charles Coburn's Company at the famed Mohawk Valley Summer Theater in Schenectady, New York. He had good parts in the Rivals and Macbeth. Clifford G. Massoth is now work ing for the Illinois Central as live stock traffic agent at Sioux City, Iowa. Much of his spare time is devoted to reading and writing of literature and occasion ally he gets in a game of tennis. During the past year, William Lin- gel Wasley held a teaching fellowship at Louisiana State Universty and re ceived the SM degree there. He will enter Stanford University this autumn to work for his doctor's degree. 1936 Under his fifth successive scholarship from the University of Chicago, Robert A. Crane is attending the Law School this year. Robert Gaskill has accepted an ap pointment with the Wisconsin Steel Company, 606 South Michigan Avenue, Chicago. George A. Henninger has been awarded a graduate honor scholarship for advanced work leading to a mas ter's degree in Germanics. James Hoekstra is now with the Universal Oil Products Company at Riverside, Illinois. Robert D. Kracke is to be with the Feather Edge Rubber Company, Chi cago. Leslie Meyer is now working for the Phoenix Dye Works, Chicago. BUSINESS 1926 H. Gibson Caldwell, AM, who was assistant professor of commerce at Queen's University from 1923 to 1927, is now General Economics Adviser to the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, Ot tawa, Canada. For the past six years Mr. Caldwell has been economist of the Bell Telephone Company of Canada at Montreal. 1927 David L. Sternfield is president and general manager of the Fort Dearborn Grill, Chicago. 1928 Lester G. Gates is a profit analyst for Sears, Roebuck and Company, Chi cago. 1930 Charles Rovetta is on leave of ab sence from the University of Colorado and has a teaching assistantship at the School of Business. His post at Colo rado is being taken by Russell Knapp, '36. 1931 Glenn O. Emick, AM, is district education adviser for the CCC, with headquarters at Fort Benjamin Harri son, Ind. Earl W. Harder, AM'32, is with the mutual benefit association of the Kim berly-Clark Corporation, Neenah, Wis consin. Michael Jucius, AM'32, is now on the faculty of the college of commerce and administration at the Ohio State University. Ernest H. Miller is a contact en gineer for the Resettlement Administra tion, Washington, D. C. 1934 ^ Ruth E. Callender is an inter viewer for Clark-Hooper, Inc., adver tising, New York. Frank D. Carr is a salesman for Procter and Gamble, Chicago. Henry C. Fischer has a secretarial position with the Hercules Life In surance Company, Chicago. Allan Marin is with Neisser-Mey- erhoff, Inc., advertising, Chicago. 1935 Bernice Armin was married on February 23 to Bernard Fried, a physi cist at the Ohio State University. She does part-time work as a comparison shopper for one of the large Columbus department stores. William T. Elliott is with the Eastman Kodak Company at San Diego, California. William H. Elston is an adjuster with the Commercial Credit Company, Chicago. 1936 Jay Berwanger is with the Feather- edge Rubber Company, Chicago. He spent some time in Hollywood in the summer, taking part in a film produc tion of a football story. He is writing a column of football comment for the Chicago Daily News this fall and is coaching the Freshman squad at the Universtiy. Lillian Beling is with the manu facturing department of the University of Chicago Press. John Cornyn, MBA, is teaching at the College of New Rochelle, New Ro- chelle, New York. Myron Curzon is in the Industrial Engineering Department of Armour and Company, Chicago. M. D. Ketchum, who is working toward his doctor's degree, has returned to his post at Utah State Agricultural College after a year at the University. Theodore Kolb is with the Peerless Company at Pawtucket, R. I. This con cern operates leased departments in larger department stores. John Molyneaux is in the account ing department of the International Harvester Company, Chicago. Bernadotte Robertson is teaching typewriting and business subjects at Rockford College, Rockford, 111. RUSH 1877 "Am 81 years old and in good health," writes Leslie C. Lane, 3101 Second Avenue, Minneapolis, Minne sota. "I no longer; practice, excepting in charity cases. Was chief surgeon of the H. and D. division, Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway for eleven years." His hobby is making French briar pipes; hunting his sport. A member of the Masonic Order, he has held the office of coroner, U. S. Pension Examination Surgeon. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 37 The Sale of Dr. Starr's Library Closes the Last Chapter in a Colorful Career 1880 As physician and surgeon located in Dakota, Illinois, Franklin Albert Butterfield, MD, writes that he "con tinues to look after patients in and out of his office, adding that just that morn ing he had seen a 96-year-old patient in her home about nine miles from his town. He has done his share of visit- ino- from ocean to ocean and from Can ada to Mexico. 1882 John Calvin Wright, MD, has prac ticed at Excelsior, Richland County, Wisconsin for twenty-five years and at Antigo, Wis., for 30. I have been m active practice for more than fifty- five years. Expect to spend the winter in California and hope to be on hand to attend the 100th Anniversary of the granting of the Charter. I had the pleas ure of attending my fiftieth year of graduation but there was only nine of us at that banquet, Dr. J. M. Dodson being one of the number. Good luck to Rush." 1884 James Edmund Coleman, MD, sur geon, lives at 656 North Main Street, Canton, Illinois, where he is active in the Rotary Club, Elks, Masons, Can ton Physicians Club, the health officer of Canton, and county physician of Ful ton Physicians Club, is health officer ing at other people. Everett Porter Coleman, his son, did his medical work at the University of Illinois Medical School and served as captain for eigh teen months in Evacuation Hospital in France during the World War. He is now surgeon-in-chief at the Graham Hospital in Canton, 111. Stephen Beecher Sims, MD, 858 North Main Street, Frankfort, Indiana, sends word that he is still in active practice and expects to attend the Rush Centennial. He is married. Elks, Ma sons, and the county and state medical societies number him among their mem bers. 1886 ^ Edward J. Van Metre, MD, regrets that "no effort was made — so far as I knew — to have a reunion of the '86 Class. Had looked forward to that event — hoping to renew acquaintances of the remaining few." He continues to practice general medicine in Tipton, Iowa, and plays golf. 1893 Henry J. Gahagan, MD, Chicago physician left on the Queen Mary the middle of August for Europe, planning to get in some post graduate work. 1894 Frank E. Wiedemann, MD, and his wife recently left for an extended trip round the world." A few years ago the Wiedemanns encircled the globe, at which time Dr. Wiedemann was inter ested in primitive and oriental medi cine. On this trip they are most inter ested in China, the Philippine Islands, and India. The announcement that the library of the late Frederick Starr is to be sold by a Chicago Book Auction house will recall to all older alumni the career of one of the University's most unique figures. A member of the first group of pro fessors brought to the new University of Chicago, he quickly came to notice as one of the most interesting and un conventional of American educators. Always the champion of minority groups, he frequently made enemies by espousing unpopular causes. Neverthe less, he gave to his students an appre ciation of the worthwhile qualities of other peoples. It is safe to say that few instructors have had greater influ ence with their students, or commanded more real and lasting loyalties. His interests, which carried him to Mexico, Asia, and Africa, are reflected in his library, which consists of some 14,000 items, dealing primarly with man and his cultures. ^ The breaking up of this huge collec tion is the last chapter in a colorful career. It is regrettable that the library could not be kept together, but its dis persal affords his many friends and admirers an opportunity to secure last ing mementoes of a most interesting personality. AT AUCTION AT AUCTION NOV. 11 to 13 and 18 to 20 The Entire Library of the Late PROF. FREDERICK STARR Comprising 15,000 volumes on a great variety of subjects, notably, America, Africa, Asia, Anthropology, China, Japan, Liberia, Mexico, Playing Cards, Cats' Cradles, Dance of Death, General Literature, etc. o FREE PUBLIC EXHIBIT— Nov. 9th and following Catalogues Free on Request • CHICAGO BOOK & ART AUCTIONS, INC. 410 S. MICHIGAN AVE.— 9TH FLOOR Public Exhibit — Nov 9th and following. Catalogues Free on Request ptrOplta^ To those seeking a field of endeavor that is not overcrowded, and in which the rewards for the exercise of brains and energy are con siderably above the average, there is now offered an exceptional opportunity— a dealership in Palace Travel Coaches. The possi bilities are great! The capital required is small! And, most important of all, it is a business that, while comparatively new, is universally acknowledged as one that is destined to rival that of the automobile in the not far distant future! Write for particulars as to how you can open a Palace Coach Salesroom! Palace Travel Coach Corporation Dept. 40, Flint, Michigan WRITE FOR PARTICULARS DISTINCTION — PERFECTION — SATISFACTION Campbell Eisele & Polichj Ltd Merchant Tailors Telephone State 3863 Willoughby Tower — 8 South Michigan Avenue — Fourth Floor AT AUCTION AT AUCTION NOV. 11 to 13 and 18 to 20 The Entire Library of the Late PROF. FREDERICK STARR Comprising 15,000 volumes on a great variety of subjects, notably, America, Africa, Asia, Anthropology, China, Japan, Liberia, Mexico, Playing Cards, Cats' Cradles, Dance of Death, General Literature, etc. FREE PUBLIC EXHIBIT— Nov. 9th and following Catalogues Free on Request CHICAGO BOOK & ART AUCTIONS, INC. 410 S. MICHIGAN AVE.— 9TH FLOOR Public Exhibit — Nov 9th and following. Catalogues Free on Request 38 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE CLOISTER GARAGE CHICAGO PETERSEN MOTOR LIVERY A PERSONAL SERVICE of Refinement, Catering to the UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO 5650 LAKE PARK AVE. Phone MIDWAY 0949 HAIR REMOVED FOREVER 16 Years' Experience Free Consultation LOTTIE A. METCALFE Graduate Nurse ELECTROLYSIS EXPERT Multiple 20 platinum needles can be used. Permanent removal of Hair from Face, Eyebrows, Back of Neck or any part of Body; destroys 200 to 600 Hair Roots per hour. Removal of Facial Veins, Moles and Warts. Member American Assn. Medical Hydrology and Physical Therapy $1.75 per Treatment for Hair Telephone FRA 4885 Suite 1705, Stevens Bldg. 17 No. State St. GREUNE- MUELLER COAL Is of Highest Quality from Respective Fields and is DUSTLESS TREATED Let Us Prove This to You 6REUNE-MUELLER GOAL GO. 7435 So. Union Ave. All Phones Vincennes 4000 1895 Frederick William Freyberg, MD, physician and surgeon of Aberdeen, South Dakota, is married, has two sons, Neal E. and Sidney L., and has been state medical director for M. W. A. for twenty-five years. After forty years of practice in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, O. M. Layton, MD, is as active as ever and finds time for dairy farming with pure bred stock and rock gardening. 1897 J. Frank Aldrich, 305 Church Street, Shenandoah, Iowa. He is a phy sician, yes, his specialty is internal medicine and anaesthesia. He is deputy councilor of Page County Medical So ciety, a member of the Library Board, a former member of the State Board of Health, and has been the local health officer for fifteen years. He likes to travel. Robert Sproul Carroll, MD, psy chiatrist and founder of Highland Hos pital, Asheville, North Carolina, some thirty-two years ago, is now its presi dent and medical director. He has con tributed numerous articles to medical publications and belongs to many state and local organizations. A baseball fan, he also gets a lot of pleasure out of traveling. Thomas R. Crowder, MD, director of the department of sanitation and sur gery of the Pullman Company, Chi cago, is an honorary life member of the Conference of State and Provincial Health Authorities of North America, past president of the Association of Railway Chief Surgeons and the Amer ican Association of Industrial Physi cians and Surgeons. Much of his spare time is spent in his woodworking shop. Dr. Crowder further reports: "The Rush Medical Class of '97 has held an nual reunions since its twentieth anni versary, when an organization was effected with the writer as president- — an office still held through failure to elect a successor. Attendance has varied from twenty to eighty. The 39th was held at the University Club, Chicago, May 13th, with the smaller number. Plans for the 40th, to be held next June, are under way, with a prospective larger attendance. About half of the 257 members of the class are still liv ing." Fernand de Gueldre Hotel Stevens Wabash 0532 Photographer to Mary Garden Lynn Fontanne Chaliapin Amelia Earhart Vincent Bendix Stuart Chase Frederick Stock As low as 3 for $9 50 Jane Addams 1902 A physician located on the West Side of Chicago is Leon Maurice Bowes, 6025 North Neva Avenue. He is mar- ried, has two sons, is director of the Norwegian Old Peoples' Home Society attending physician there, is on the staff of the Swedish Covenant Hospital, and is the local surgeon for the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad. His hobby is wire-haired foxterriers. He is the author of many scientific articles. Editor of Clinical Medicine and Sur gery since 1924, George B. Lake, MD, Waukegan physician, acquired owner ship of the magazine in March, 1934. With Dr. W. F. Dutton he is co-author of recent book entitled, Parenteral Therapy. Reading, verse writing (three volumes of his verse have been pub lished— An Apostle of Joy, 1928; Hill tops, 1932; Eros and the Sage, 1935), gardening, and bookbinding occupy his spare time. His son, George Lake, Jr., was married in March, 1935, to Emily, daughter of Dudley Crafts Watson. E. S. Schmidt, MD, writes from Green Bay, Wis. : "I live in the home town of the best small town professional football team in the world — the Pack ers. Take a look at them some time." An eye, ear, nose and throat specialist, he has served as president of the Brown County Medical Society and is now the president of the Central Wisconsin Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Society. He is married, has two fine boys, is an ama teur ornithologist, and likes hunting and fishing. 1903 David C. Hilton, MD, 305 Rich ard's Block, Lincoln, Nebraska, is prac ticing general surgery. He is president of the Lancaster County Medical So ciety, chairman of the surgical section of the Bryan Memorial Hospital, con sultant in surgery at the Veteran's Ad ministration Hospital, commanding colonel of the 110th Medical Regiment, Nebraska National Guard, and Division Surgeon, 35th Division of the National Guard. His son, Hiram David, Am herst 1935, is a sophomore in Rush Medical School. 1904 Robert S. Allison, MD, physician, has his offices in the Boston Building, Salt Lake City. For relaxation he likes nothing better than a good game of golf. 1905 Albert Earl Reed, MD, is doing general surgery in Larned, Kansas. He is another Rush man that votes for hunting and fishing as his sports. 1907 Vernon C. David, MD, is chairman of the department of surgery of Rush Medical College, president, staff of Presbyterian Hospital, on the attend ing staff of Cook County Hospital, and is the author of numerous articles i*1 surgical literature on general subjects THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE published in the Lewis Surgery, Nelso Loose Leaf Surgery, Brenneman, Sur gery of Children, and Christopher's principles of Surgery. He is past presi dent of the Chicago Surgical Society, former head of the surgical service of the Children's Memorial Hospital, and a member of University, Industrial, Chi cago, and Commercial Clubs. An Evans ton resident, his home address is 1624 Wesley Avenue. His two sons are named James Record and John Cyrenius. 1908 John W. Green, MD, writes from 10 Santa Paula Way, Vallejo, Califor nia. For two terms secretary and now president of the Solano County Medical Association, he belongs to the North ern California Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Society, and likes to get in some o-olf now and then and some hunting in the fall season. Two of his children, Virginia Alice and William Dodson, are married, and John W., Jr., is now seven. 1911 Russell C. Doolittle, MD, special izes in the practice of psychiatry. The author of various papers for medical societies and journals, he has been elected an officer of many state and county associations. His home address is 28th Street and Woodland Avenue, Des Moines, Iowa. Books both old and new are his favorite pastime. He has three sons, Russell, Jr., John C. and Daniel M. Jacob H. Enns, MD, 527>4 Main Street, Newton, Kansas, is an eye, ear, nose and throat specialist. His oldest son, Eugene, is now a freshman in med ical school ; Aubeth is 16 and James 12. Nelson Leroy Heller, MD, writes from Dunkirk, Indiana, where he is carrying on his general practice. He belongs to several medical organiza tions, is a Mason and Shriner, and is the author of the "Dunkirk Health Book." Curtis E. Mason, '09, MD, physi cian and surgeon of Beaverton, Oregon, has served on the school board for eigh teen years. One of his boys is a sopho more in Oregon University Medical School and another is a premedic. Arthur R. Metz, MD, is associate clinical professor at Rush Medical Col lege in addition to carrying on his pri vate practice. He goes in for hunting and yacht racing. 1912 Claude Lester Shields, MD, prac tices surgery in Salt Lake City. He is also the director of the Visiting Nurses Association, president of the Salt Lake County Medical organization, and coun cilor of Utah State Medical Associa tion. Trap shooting is his hobby and fishing his sport. He is the father of Lester, 21; Kathleen, 18; Carolyn, 11. 1913 Frank K. Bartlett, '10, SM'13, MD, physician and surgeon, lives at 2703 Hill Drive, Ogden, Utah, and has his offices at 2404 Washington Avenue. His favorite sport is fishing in Jockoms Hole. A member of county, state and American Medical o Associations, he married Mary A. Paxton, Presbyterian nurse, in 1914, and their two sons are now sixteen and fourteen. Corwin S. Cornell, MD, 1108 Montgomery Street, Knoxville, Iowa, reports that he likes nothing better than something good to eat and drink. For eighteen years he was secretary of the Marion County Medical Society, also acting as its president. He has been the city health officer, as well as county coroner and deputy state Councillor, and has written many articles which have been published in various medical journals. He has a twelve-year-old son named David. Earle George Johnson, MD, writes from Grand Island, Nebraska. He is district surgeon for Union Pacific Rail road, chief surgeon of the Central Power Company, on the staff of St. Francis Hospital, and the member as well as officer of enough medical socie ties and city organizations to fill a page. His son, Earle George, Jr., is nineteen and his daughter 16. 1915 For over seventeen years, Lawrence G. Dunlap, '13, MD, has been asso ciated with the Anaconda Copper Min ing Company of Anaconda, Montana, as its eye and ear surgeon. Community service is his avocation and among the many elective offices he has held have been the presidency of the Rotary Club, commandership of the Legion, member ship on the board of trustees of the Elks, and presidency of the Montana Academy of Oto-ophthalmology. Frank G. Murphy, MD, one of Chi cago's south side orthopedic surgeons, is also assistant professor of orthopedic surgery at the University of Illinois College of Medicine, attending ortho pedic surgeon at South Shore, Jackson Park and Cook County Hospitals, and attending surgeon at the South Chicago Hospital. He has seven children, John, Allen, Robert, Winnifred, Patrick, Catherine and Jeromle. A frequent con tributor to medical publications^ he lists trees as his hobby and swimming and rope swinging as his sports. 1916 Jacob Meyer, '14, MD, is attending physician at Cook County arid Michael Reese Hospitals as well as associate professor of medicine at the University of Illinois College of Medicine. He married Janis Loeb, December 17, 1934, and has one daughter, Gail. Clinton D. Suickard, '14, MD, has carried on a general practice, along with a special practice of surgery, gyne cology and obstetrics, in Charleston, Illi nois, since May 1, 1919. He spent about a year in the United States Army and eight months in the A. E. F. For relaxation he likes golf. With two boys, Albert Teachers' Agency 25 E. Jackson Blvd., Chicago Established 1885. Placement Bureau for men and women in all kinds of teaching positions. Large and alert College and State Teachers' Col lege departments for Doctors and Masters: forty per cent of our business. Critic and Grade Sup ervisors for Normal Schools placed every year In large numbers: excellent opportunities. Special teachers of Home Economics. Business Administra tion. Music, and Art. secure fine positions through us every year. Private Schools in all parts of the country among our best patrons; good salaries. Well prepared High School teachers wanted for city and suburban High Schools. Special manager handles Grade and Critic work. Send for folder today. Your whole life through Shorthand will be useful to you. LEARN GREGG The World's Fastest Shorthand. THE GREGG PUBLISHING COMPANY 2500 Prairie Ave. Chicago SCHOOLS SAINT XAVIER COLLEGE FOR WOMEN 4900 Cottage Grove Avenue CHICAGO, ILLINOIS A Catholic College Conducted by the SISTERS OF MERCY Courses lead to the B. A. and B. S. degrees. Music — Art Intensive Stenographic Course I FOR COLLEGE MEN & WOMEN 100 Words a Minute in 100 Days As- _a _ sured for one Pee. Enroll NOW. Day jPT classes only— Begin Jan., Apr., July , and Oct. Write or Phone Ban. 1575. 18 -S. MICHIGAN AVE., CHICAGO^ 8s«Mfl«feBMi»l. ELIZABETH HULL SCHOOL For RETARDED CHILDREN Boarding and Day Pupils 5046 Greenwood Ave Telephone Drexel 1 1 88 LIBRARY SCHOOL 209 S. State St., Chicago, III. Preparatory course for public Librarian. Practical book courses for positions in Rental Libraries and book stores. Register Mon. to Fri. II a. m. to 4 p. m. 40 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE BUSINESS DIRECTORY ASBESTOS A UNIVERSITY FAVORITE K. &M. FEATHERWEIGHT 85% Magnesia Uniform and light in weight. More dead air cells. Better insulation. KEASBEY & MATTISON CO. 205 W. Wacker Drive Ran. 6951 AWNINGS Phones Oakland 0690—0691—0692 The Old Reliable Hyde Park Awning Co., INC. Awnings and Canopies for All Purposes 4508 Cottage Grove Avenue BONDS P. H. Davis, 'II. H. I. Markham, 'Ex. '06 R. W. Davis, '16 W. M. Giblin, '23 F. B. Evans, 'II Paul H. Davis & Co. Members New York Stock Exchange Chicago Stock Exchange 10 So. La Salle St. Franklin 8622 BOOKS MEDICAL BOOKS of All Publishers The Largest and Most Complete Stock and all New Books Received as soon as pub lished. Come in and browse. SPEAKMAN'S (Chicago Medical Book Co.) Congress and Honore Streets One Block from Rush Medical College BROADCASTING NORMAN KLING Outstanding VOCAL INSTRUCTOR TO STARS OF Radio — Stage — Orchestra Will Help You to Improve or Develop Your Voice His Aid Has Helped Many to Greater Earning Power and Success Studio 903 Kimball BuHding Telephone Webster 7188 Clinton Daniel, Jr., 13, and George Emerson, 8, and two girls, Betty Ruth, 16, and Marjorie Talese, 5, he is well justified in reporting that his is the "ideal family." 1917 Attending internist to the South Shore Hospital, Clarence S. Duner, MD, was formerly chief of that staff. A music lover and a golfer, he is a life member of the Art Institute, an associate life member of the Field Museum, a fellow of the A. M. A., and chevalier Bayard Commander K. T. Married since 1930 to Olga Ward, he has one daughter, Helen Louise. Italo Frederick Volini, '15, MD'17, is professor and head of the Depart ment of Medicine of Loyola University School of Medicine. He is the proud lather of Marcella, Gloria, Italo F., Jr., Virginia, Yolanda, Dolores, and Ca- millo. 1918 Benjamin Jaffer Birk, MD, prac tices internal medicine in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, is the author of numerous articles, likes fishing the best of all sports and mentions dogs as his hobby. He is married and has one child. Ad dress, 2218 North Lake Drive, Milwau kee. Harold D. Caylor, '16, MD, is one of the surgeons at the Caylor-Nickel Clinic in Bluffton, Indiana. He was formerly associate in the section of sur gical pathology at Mayo Clinic, Roches ter, Minnesota. He has two girls, Re becca and Patricia Ann, aged eleven and twelve. John Simpkin, '16, MD, Marshfield, Oregon, expected to see the old Phi Betes, Rush Eighteeners, and Cook County Nineteeners in St. Paul on Oc tober 13th, and if not then in Chicago later. He asks : "Why don't you all come out to Portland and Frisco occasion ally. The latter is especially as fine a clinical center as you can find. I don't see you in the fall on the Royal River catching ten pound steelhead on a Num ber 10 fly either. Come on out!" Dr. Simpkin is city health officer. He is also on the county relief committee, an Elk, Mason, and was formerly presi dent and secretary of Coos and Curry County Medical Society. He is the au thor of "several lusty lyrics, not pub lished," and has three children, Betty, Dorothy, and John. 1919 William R. Meeker, '16, MD, sur geon of Mobile, Alabama, is chairman of the Gulf Coast Clinical Society and president of the Mobile County Medical Society. He is the proud possessor of two sons born in the last four years. Oh, yes, his favorite sports are hunting and fishing. 1920 Luman Elmer Daniels, '19, MD'20, was a fellow in neurology at the Mayo Foundation from October, 1928, to June, 1932, and first assistant in the Section on neurology at Mayo Clinic from August, 1930, to October, 1932. He re. ceived an MS in Neurology at Univer- sity of Minnesota in 1932. He and wife with their ten-year-old son are now Hy, ing at 765 Humboldt Street, Denver Colorado, and he has his office at 924 Republic Building. Medicine for Feb* ruary, 1934, carried his article on "Nar- colepsy." Elbert S. Parmenter, '18, MD'20 lives at 523 First, Albena, Michigan' His specialty is internal medicine, and his favorite recreation medical conven tions. His children, Allen Elbert and Julie Ann, are now nine and five years old. In Corvallis, Oregon, N. L. Tartar. '18, MD'20, has established his genera! practice as physician and surgeon. The proud possessor of a cabin in the Cas cade Mountains, he likes to hunt and fish. 1923 Paul A. Quaintance, '20, MD, still practices surgery in Los Angeles, Cali fornia. His offices are located at 2007 Wilshire Boulevard. 1924 Benjamin M. Gasul, MD, 4505 Manor, Chicago, Illinois, specializes in pediatrics. He is the author of "The Feeding of Healthy and Sick Infants and Children," published by F. A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, and is a mem ber of the Chicago Medical, Chicago Pediatric and Chicago Tuberculosis So cieties as well as of Convenant Club. He is married and has two girls, Gloria Rita, 7, and Sandra Dale, 2. He goes in for motion pictures and swimming. Engaged in general and plastic sur gery in Compton, California, Clarence C. Reed, MD, is an instructor in sur gery at the University of Southern Cali fornia Medical School and attending surgeon in plastic surgery for the Los Angeles General Hospital. For his hobby he chooses colored amateur mov ing pictures. 1925 Edward W. Griffey, '22, MD, re ports that his new location is 1022 Med ical Arts Building, Houston, Texas. His practice is limited to ophthalmology. "An Eventful Year in the Orient" and "He Who Always Wins" are prod ucts of the pen of Richard H. Pousma, MD, of Rehoboth, New Mexico, who gives rifle and revolver shooting along with bear hunting as his best liked sports. He is a member and past presi dent of the McKinley County Medical Society. A married man, he has two children, Yvonne Helen, 10, and Ann Shirley, 5. Wilson Stegeman, '19, MD'25, lives in Crescent City, California, where he carries on his practice and is medical director and chief-of-staff of the Knopp Hospital. He is a fellow of the Amer ican College of Surgeons. Many a spare hour he spends just outside of the city limits doing steelhead and salmon fish ing. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 41 1926 "After graduation from Rush Medical College," reads the note from Julian M. Bruner, '22, MD, "I had four years additional training as a Fellow in Sur gery at the Mayo Clinic (1927 to 1931) and one year of post graduate work in surgery at St. Bartholomews and St. Thomas Hospitals, London, England (entire year 1932)." In January, 1932, he married Winifred Mary Burns. Dr. Bruner is president of the University of Chicago Alumni Club of Des Moines, Iowa, this year. He goes in for pho tography, having published several arti cles on clinical photography, and enjoys mountain climbing and skiing. 1927 The University of Chicago Press last year published "A Terminology of Operations of the University of Chicago Clinics," by Hilger P. Jenkins, '23, MD'27. Surgery, general and plastic, is his specialty. He is a member of the American College of Surgeons, as well as of the Chicago and Illinois Medical Societies. 1929 Dorothea Phillips, '27, and Dan iel R. Cunningham, MD, have a lovely home at 1003 Michigan Avenue, Wilmette. They have two children, Myles, M4, and Daniel S., 2y2. Dr. Cunningham has offices in Evanston as well as Wilmette. He is clinical assist ant in surgery at Northwestern Uni versity Medical School and historian of the Evanston branch of the Chicago Medical Society. D. L. Stormont, PhD'25, MD, is practicing internal medicine in Evans ton and the north shore. Golf and antique collecting are his favorite pas times. 1930 Charles Baron's twins, Ronald Bennett and Joyce Melvia, celebrated their third birthday the 21st day of July. Runner up in the singles and co-title holder of the doubles at the local tennis club, Baron woefully announces, "The old legs are going back, how ever." General practitioner, he is the only professional member of the North ern Kentucky Amateur Symphony Or chestra and is concert-master of the second violin section. He was a party to its inception three years ago. It is conducted by Fritz Bruck, 'cellist in the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra. Earl C. Henrickson, MD, who re cently became associated with Dr. Paul Geissler, orthopedics, 1945 Medical Arts Building, Minneapolis, is also keeping up an outlying office at 48th and Chicago Avenue, South, in Min neapolis. The University of Minnesota awarded him an MS in surgery in 1935. He adds: "Herbert Gaston, MD, whom I saw this, summer on a stop off at Detroit while on a Great Lakes cruise from Duluth to Buffalo, has of fices in the Fisher Building, Detroit, and is specializing in obstetrics and gynecology. He has recently built him self a very nice new home in Detroit." The town of Ambur lies in the south of India, about one hundred miles in land from the east coast city of Madra. To the Lutheran Hospital in this native settlement of 15,000, have gone Norbert Leckband, MD, and his wife, Meta Schrader Leckband, to devote their lives to medical mission service. Here they face the problem of ministering to the physical needs of nearly 60,000 per sons. Multiplying their difficulties, ac cording to Dr. Leckband, will be insuffi cient supplies of medicine, the unsani tary conditions under which the natives live, and the mental attitude of the people. Paul J. Patchen, MD, physician and surgeon, has a general practice in Chicago. A year ago this November, the Patchen family moved to their new residence at 2536 East 73rd Street. Father Patchen has given considerable thought to entering his five-year-old son in the Class of '52. An exhaustive study on Psoriasis with its modern treatment, the result of the research of F. F. Schwartz, MD, 611 Plum Street, Fairport Harbor, Ohio, has been published in the June number of the Medical Record. His hobbies are painting and writing. F. C. Spencer, MD, 65 Young Bldg., Honolulu, specializes in obstetrics and gynecology. • William M. Weiner, MD, is located in San Francisco, where he specializes in obstetrics and gynecology, and is an assistant in obstetrics and gynecology at the University of California Medical School. Milton Wolpert, MD, of Third and Carolina, Chester, West Virginia, is anticipating a six months post graduate trip abroad for surgery in the spring. 1931 Marcus T. Block, MD, writes from 177 Bloomfield Avenue, Newark, New Jersey, where he practices medicine. In the blank for his hobbies he has jotted down poker and scotch and for his favorite sport golf and beer. His name is on the membership list of the Essex County Medical Society, Essex County Anatomical and Pathological Society, Emerald Club, Plunkett's Association and Hartley's Association. He was married in 1932 to Frances E. McBride and has a daughter by the name of Jane Audrey. Gene H. Kistler, '28, MD, an nounces the opening of offices for the practice of surgery, 409 Medical Arts Building, Chattanooga, Tennessee. Robert Sherman Baldwin, '27, MD '32, is at the Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, Wisconsin. He married Dr. Elizabeth Reddeman in 1935. "Just a country doctor," writes E. Gray Caskey, MD, Main Street, Min eral Ridge, Ohio. Married in 1932 to Rose E. Kirbirde, their first daughter, Patricia Ann, was born in Highland Park, Illinois, and their second, Mary Alice, was born in Youngstown, Ohio. CATERER JOSEPH H. BIGGS Fine Catering in all its branches 50 East Huron Street Tel. Sup. 0900—0901 Retail Deliveries Daily and Sundays Quality and Service Since 1882 CHEMICAL ENGINEERS Albert K. Epstein, '12 B. R. Harris, '2 1 Epstein, Reynolds and Harris Consulting Chemists and Engineers 5 S. Wabash Ave. Chicago Tel. Cent. 4285-6 COAL JAMES COAL CO. ESTABLISHED 1 888 YARDS 58th & Halsted Sts. Phone Normal 2800 8 Ist & Wallace Sts. Phone Radcliffe 8000 COFFEE -TEA La Touraine Coffee Co. IMPORTERS AND ROASTERS OF LA TOURAINE COFFEE AND TEA 209- 1 3 MILWAUKEE AVE., CHICAGO at Lake and Canal Sts. Phone State 1 350 Boston— New York — Philadelphia— Syracuse ELECTRIC SIGNS ELECTRIC SIGN ADVERTISING FEDERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY CLAUDE NEON FEDERAL CO. 225 North Michigan Avenue W. D. Kruplce, '19 Vice-president in Charge of Sales FLOWERS ^^^^r.^/A* Q CHICAGO Wr Established 1865 \z/^T FLOWERS Phones Plaza 6444, 6445 1 364 East 53 rd Street 42 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE BLACKSTONE HALL an Exclusive Women's Hotel in the University of Chicago District Offering Graceful Living to Uni versity and Business Women at Moderate Tariff BLACKSTONE HALL 5748 Telephone Blackstone Ave. Plaza 3313 Verna P. Werner, Director Jor £c...mieal Tr.ntfOrt.tl.n /CHEVROIFI SALES SERVICE J. D. Levin '19 Pres. ' PASSENGER CARS - TRUCKS Modern Service Station DREXEL CHEVROLET CO. 4733 Cottage Grove DREXEL 3121 PRINTS Of the Cobb Hall Frontispiece A Drawing by Clay Kelly May be obtained in Black and White Lithograph, 10x12 inches at $1.00 or with Gray Waxed Finish Frame, 151/2xl81/2 inches at $3.00. On Sale At The University of Chicago Book Store — Or — The Studio of the Artist, Clay Kelly, 1542 E. 57th St. AREERS IN INSURANCE FOR _ OLLEGE GRADUATES ~ NATIONAL COLLEGIATE PERSONNEL BUREAU The Penn Mutual Life Insurance Company Independence Square • Philadelphia The University Alumni in Wuchang, China pose for a picture. The group includes I Hu, AM '26, PhD '28; Beh Kang Chen, SM '28, PhD '31; John Ch'uan Fang Lo, PhD '35; Andrew Tsung-Kao Yieh, PhD '34; Arthur Shu Yuan Chen, AM '30; Miss Ming Hsin Tang; and Miss Grace D. Phillips, AM '18, DB '23. MASTERS 1921 Ellis M. Studebaker, AM, who has been president of LaVerne College, California, since 1923, was recently elected president of the Pacific South west Association of Colleges and Uni versities for the year 1936-37. He en joys lecturing on education as well as religious subjects and likes golf for exercise. 1922 On October first Abraham J. Harms assumed the permanent pastorship of the First Baptist Church of Eugene, Oregon. As pastor of the Albany Park Baptist Church of Chicago during the past year his work was characterized by financial and membership progress. More than 1,200 visitors from all parts of Chicago and the state registered as guests at services during the last ten months. He came to the Albany Park Church from the Northern Baptist seminary, Chicago, where for eight years he headed the department of Christian education. S. S. Shearer, SM, of the faculty of the State Teachers College of Ship- pensburg, Pennsylvania, has recently been elected national president of the Phi Sigma Pi, a national honor fra ternity for men in teacher training in stitutions. His official title is professor of biology and chairman of the science department. His leisure time he often devotes to field study — biology and geology, and hiking in the Allegheny Mountains. 1925 Harry B. Ebersole, AM, history professor, has been at Marquette, Mich igan, since January, 1926, teaching prospective teachers European History at the Michigan State Teachers College located there. Amy Irene Moore, AM, continues to supervise mathematics at Morehead State Teachers College in Kentucky as she has been doing for the past fooj years. Treasurer of the American Asso% ciation of University Women, she also heads the broadcast committee of t]]g College. Her many and varied hobbiei include music, swimming, traveling^ reading, mountain hiking, and campfii* cooking. 1927 Virginia Thornton Everett, AM has been added to the English depart. ment of Westminster College, New WiL mington, Pennsylvania. Miss Everett has done graduate work at Columbia University and at the University of Chicago, where she was an English de- partment fellow in 1935-36. Her special interests have been in American Litera* ture and in Chaucer. She has almost completed her PhD degree at the Uni versity of Chicago. Her English work has been supplemented by study in French, German, Italian, and Latin. Mildred Kerr, AM, is a librarian of. Middle Georgia College, Cochra^ Georgia. This semester marks the beginning of the tenth year that Anna C. Larsoi^ SM, has been teaching geography at the St. Cloud (Minnesota) Stata> Teachers College. The past summer, she traveled south visiting places of interest in Colorado and New Mexico, including a visit to Carlsbad Caverns and some of the mines east of that dis trict and also attended the University of Colorado at Boulder during the sec ond term of the session. 1928 From Seattle, Washington, Mat Randall, AM, writes that she com bines teaching English with doing guidance and remedial work with tht high school pupils in the Broadway High School. 1929 Carleton D. Speed, Jr., is president of the recently organized Speed Oil Company, 1411 Second National Bank Building, Houston, Texas. 1931 In addition to holding the presidency of the Mississppi State College, G. D. Humphrey, AM, is county superin* tendent of education, city superinteni dent of schools and state high school supervisor. For recreation he turns ta fishing and farm problems. 1933 Laura Kennedy, AM, writes from 7 South McKinley Avenue, Athens, Ohio, that she is head of the English Department in the Fairmont High School of Dayton. 1935 When his work as superintendent of the public schools in Woodstock, Illinois, is finished for the day, W. J. ColahaN, AM, finds his relaxation in golfing, fishing, or stamp collecting. Raymond B. Dull, SM, is busy with his new duties as a graduate assistant in physics at Pennsylvania State Col lege. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 43 Robert A. Hall, Jr., AM, is work ing toward his doctor of philosophy de cree in languages at the University of Chicago. D. C. McNaughton, AM, assistant professor at Eastern New Mexico Junior College in Portales, N. M., teaches science and agriculture and has charge of the survey courses in science. LAW At the Boston meeting of the Amer ican Bar Association, held August 24-28, 1936, the annual luncheon of the alumni , of the University of Chicago brought out a lively and talkative attendance. Among the Law School alumni marked for special honor were William P. MacCracken, Jr., JD '11, letiring Secretary of the Association; George M. Morris, JD '15, Chairman of the General Council ; W. E. Stanley, JD '14, Chairman of the Insurance Sec tion, and Henry C. Shull, JD '16, Chairman of the Open Forum on Bankruptcy. Martha McLendon, JD '27 ', was an active advocate of holding the next meeting of the Association in Kansas City. Norris C. Bakke, JD '19, was compelled to disclose that he is a can didate for Supreme Court Justice in Colorado on the Democratic Ticket. Messrs. Hecker, O'Donnell, and Houghton shared honors as the oldest living graduates, all 1909. There seemed to be agreement that the members of the faculty of the Law School would bring great pleasure to the alumni if more frequent in attend ance at the meetings of the Bar Asso ciation. It was said that possibly some profit might even result to the faculty members themselves from the contacts and ideas stimulated by such attendance. Those attending the luncheon were : Arnold R. Baar, '14, Norris C. Bakke, '19, Greta C. Coleman, '18, Alice Greenacre, '11, Harold F. Hecker, '09, Albert B. Houghton, '09, W. P. MacCracken, Jr., Tl, David F. Matchett, Jr., '35, Martha McLen don, '27, George R. Murray, '14, Paul O'Donnell, '09, Henry C. Shull, T6, George Siefkin, '17, W. E. Stanley, '13, and George M. Morris, '15. 1913 Roy M. Harmon, Tl, JD, and Cal vin M. George, JD, announce the re moval of their law offices to Suite 701, the Harris Trust Building, 111 West Monroe Street, Chicago. 1915 At the recent meeting of the Amer ican Bar Association at Boston, George Maurice Morris, JD, was elected chair man of the House of Delegates of the Association. This is a new feature of the American Bar Association. The following paragraph from the American Bar Association Journal gives some idea of the character of the new body: "The House of Delegates organizes. President Ransom calls it 'a truly his toric occasion in the life and history of the legal profession in America.' The House in session furnishes the most striking visible evidence of the organi zation under the Revised Constitution. The new Assembly looks much like the old Assembly. The House of Delegates is an entirely new institution — a limited body of representatives. It is conscious cf its novel character and its important functions. One sees there Hon. John W. Davis, one of the elected Assembly Delegates, Hon. Homer Cummings, At torney General of the United States and one of the members ex-officio. The House gets down to business and func tions as it was designed to function. Section and Committee recommenda tions are scanned with unusual tho roughness. Some are disapproved. Questions of Association policy are given careful attention. The House is rinding its way in some respects, but on the whole its path is clear. It is new but it has sprung full-arrrned from the brain of the Association." The honor of being the first chair man of such an important body ranks Mr. Morris near the top in the Amer ican Bar Association. 1921 William D. Campbell, LLB, Los iVngeles attorney and counselor at law, is the Republican nominee for Congress from the 14th Congressional District of California. 1923 Allin H. Pierce, JD, lawyer, is as sociated with Carter Ledyard and Mil- burn, 2 Wall Street, New York. From March, 1928, to January 1, 1936, he was special attorney for the United States Treasury Department in Wash ington, D. C. 1924 Reuben S. Flacks, '23, JD'24, and Williams L. Flacks, '33, JD'35, an nounce the removal of their law offices to Suite 1110 Otis Building, 10 South LaSalle Street, Chicago. 1929 Jacob Geffs, JD, holds a professor ship in law at the University of Ala bama. 1930 Albert J. Meserow, '28, JD, an nounces the removal of his office to 33 North LaSalle Street, Chicago, where he will continue in the general practice of law. 1934 J. Phillip Dunn, LLB, is practicing law at 503 News Tower, Rockford, Illinois, with Karl C. Williams, Har vard Law '26. Albert F. Hammann, Jr., '32, JD, and Mrs. Hammann (Geraldine Lutes, JD) of 807 Reba Place, Evans ton, are the fond parents of beautiful twin boys now one year old. FUNERAL DIRECTOR H. D. LUDLOW FUNERAL DIRECTOR Fine Chapel with New Pipe Organ SEDAN AMBULANCE Tel. Fairfax 2861 6110 Cottage Grove Ave. FURNITURE POLISH V^^m^^ "Marvelous" mj NEVERUB B9Mr Cr.am D f| I I Q II WBMmSffl Furniturt rULIOII ii^lIlP Brilliant, Lasting, Not Oily §§SH^xi§r Dilute with •qual water gHP|_ NO RUBBING Sold by: Fields, Davis Store, The Fair, and Retail Stores everywhere. GALLERIES O'BRIEN ~" GALLERIES Paintings Expertly Restored New life brought to treasured can vases. Our moderate prices will please. Estimates given without obligation. 673 North Michigan Superior 2279 HOTELS "Famous for Food" Dancing and Entertainment Nightly Circular CRYSTAL Bar the BREVOORT hotel 120 W. Madison St. Chicago LAUNDRIES Morgan Laundry Service, Inc. 2330 Prairie Ave. Phone Calumet 7424 Dormitory Service SUNSHINE LAUNDRY COMPANY All Services Dry Cleaning 2915 Cottage Grove Ave. Telephone Victory 5110 THEBEST LAUNDRY and CLEANING COMPANY ALL LAUNDRY SERVICES Also Zoric System of Cleaning - : - Odorless Quality Cleaning - : - Phone Oakland 1383 44 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHY Among the alumni who scaled the heights to the Alumni Office this sum mer were Jessie L. Jones, PhD'97, and her sister, Florence N. Jones, PhD'03, of Winter Park, Florida. 1900 Mary B. Harris has been superin tendent of the Federal Industrial In stitution for Women in Alderson, West Virginia since its inception. Her book, "1 Knew Them! in Prison," was pub lished this year. 1917 C. L. Kjerstad, AM'16, has resigned from his position as president of the State Teachers College, Dickinson, North Dakota and accepted a position as associate professor of education at the University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, N. D. He had held the position at Dickinson for the last seven years. 1922 O. E. Meinzer attended the meeting of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics at Edinburgh from Sep tember 17 to 26, and spent a short time on the Continent of Europe studying ground water hydrology. Meinzer is in charge of the Division of Ground Water of the U. S. Geological Survey in Washington, D. C. 1926 Alice M. Baldwin recently had her book on "The Clergy of Connecticut in Revolutionary Days" published by the Yale Press for the Tercentenary Com mission of the State of Connecticut. Miss Baldwin is dean of women and as sociate professor of history at Woman's College, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. P. L. K. Gross, '22 SM'25, Box 92, Wrightwood, California, has accepted an appointment at the Norton School, Claremont, California. Kenneth L. Hertel is professor and head of the department of physics at the University of Tennessee. Erma A. Smith, MD'33, is associate professor of physiology at Iowa State College. Her chief interest right at present is politics as she is out to boost the Republicans. Marion E. Stark, for some years an assistant professor at Wellesley College, has been promoted to the rank of an associate professor of mathematics for the year 1936-37. The National Committee on Public Education for Crime Control, of which Frederic M. Thrasher, AM'18, is chairman^ collaborated with the March of Time in the preparation of one of the sequences in the 1936 issue, Number 6, released in June, 1936. Mr. Thrasher was able to persuade the March of Time to change its plan of this sequence from an episode on "catching public enemies," or "the lost generation," to one upon crime prevention. The crime prevention sequence is designed to show the beginning and development of a criminal career and is based largely upon his book "The Gang: A Study of 1313 Gangs in Chicago," which was published in a new edition by the Uni versity of Chicago Press in October, 1936. The emphasis of the picture is the importance of the prevention of criminal careers and "nipping them in the bud." Guy R. Vowles, professor of German at Davidson (North Carolina) College, and his son spent the summer in Eng land, France and Germany. 1928 Harald G. O. Holck, '21, Depart ment of Physiology ,~ became Associate Professor of Pharmacology in the Col lege of Pharmacy at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, the first of Sep tember. 1929 Lloyd V. Moore, AM'28, recom mends pistol shooting for sport as "it's lots of fun and good for the nerves !" A member of the faculty of the Uni versity of Tulsa, he holds the official title of professor of philosophy and re ligion. Paak-Shing Wu is councillor to the Mayor of Canton, China. 1930 Professor of Sociology at the Skid- more College at Saratoga Springs, N. Y., Everett V. Stonequist was ab sent on leave during 1934-35 and spent that year at the University of Hawaii, as visiting professor. He also got in some research on the race relations in Hawaii and in the West Indies. A ten nis enthusiast, Stonequist is president of the local chapter of A. A. U. P. 1931 Henriette DaCosta, '27, SM'29, has resigned her position with the Midwest Photo Company in Janesville to accept an appointment with the Nutrition Re search Laboratory, Oak Park. Willis L. Groenier, '25 SM'29, has accepted an appointment as instructor at Herzel Junior College, Chicago. Edmund L. Lind resigned his posi tion with the Pure Oil Company in Chi cago to accept an appointment on the faculty of the Washington State Normal School at Ellensburg, Washington. Mrs. Lind is Ethel V. Everett, SM'28, PhD'31. Since receiving his doctor's degree in 1931', H. C. Witherington, '20 AM'25, has been teaching in Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio. During the past fourteen months he has conducted both graduate and undergraduate courses in Educa tion. 1932 James S. Machin is now on the staff of the Illinois Geological Survey at Urbana, Illinois. Clem O. Thompson, AM'20, Assis tant Professor of Education at Chi cago, has been appointed Assistant Dean of University College. Arthur E. Traxler, AM'24, who has been connected with the Laboratory schools of the University of Chicago since 1929 as remedial and research worker and psychologist, has accepted the position of Associate Director 0f the Educational Records Bureau, New York City, of which Dr. Ben D. Wood is Director. 1933 Thomas C. Poulter, who was sec- ond in comsmand of the second Byrd antarctic expedition and the senior scientist of the trip, recently assumed his duties as director of the newly established research foundation at Ar mour Institute of Technology. The foundation was created this year as an aid to scientific investigation and research. At present it has two im portant projects: research in oil and the study of Indiana and Illinois coals. L is expected that every phase of en gineering, science and geophysics will come under the program of the foun dation eventually. Much of the scientific data gathered by Dr. Poulter on the antarctic expedi tion is expected to be developed in the new research foundation. The new director indicated that three to five years of labor are necessary to complete this investigation. Dr. Poulter comes to Chicago from Crawfordsville, Ind. He will make his home at 1036 Hyde Park Boulevard with his wife and four young sons. 1934 Nelson J. Anderson resigned his appointment in the Waukegan Schools and is an instructor in chemistry at Montana State College, Bozeman. Gus B. Ulvin, SM'31, accepted a po sition last December as chief chemist and bacteriologist with Sidney Wanzer and Sons, Inc., 130 West Garfield Boulevard, Chicago. After a very enjoyable and profitable summer in England working in the British Museum, Celesta Wine has returned to the chairmanship of the English Department of the Oak Park (Illinois) Junior College. 1935 E. L. Haenisch, '30, has changed his position from instructor in chem istry at Montana State College (Boze man, Montana) to assistant professor of chemistry at Villanova College, Villa nova, Pa. William Meredith Hugill is the author of a small volume published in September by the University of Chicago Press. The book is entitled, Panhel- lenism in Aristophanes and is a critical study of the political propaganda con tained in the comedies of that great master of the comic stage in Imperial Athens. Mr. Hugill is assistant pro fessor of Latin and Greek in the Uni versity of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada. Vernon D. Keeler, of Park College, Parkville, Missouri, is chairman of the Department of Business Administration and Economics. At the same time he has a professional practice as a market ing counselor. He recently acted as a representative of Park College at the Harvard Tercentenary Conference. Walter J. Wyatt has been appointed THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 45 Associate professor of chemistry at Wake Forest College, North Carolina. DIVINITY 1892 Melbourne P. Boynton, pastor of the Woodlawn Baptist Church, Chicago, has resigned his pastorate to take effect February 7, 1937. At that time he will have served the Woodlawn Church for thirty-nine years and five months. 1897 Ralph W. Hobbs, DB, is taking a long enforced rest due to illness. He and Mrs. Hobbs are settled at their old Childhood home in Delavan, Wis. Bruce Kinney, DB, was retired from the service of the American Baptist Home Mission Society on May 1 at the age of seventy, after thirty-eight years of continuous service in its work. He will continue to live at his home in Denver for the present and do some Writing. 1901 Elijah A. Hanley, has resigned as pastor of the Park Baptist Church of St. Paul, Minnesota, after a ministry there of nearly seven years. He at tended the World Sunday School Con vention at Oslo, Norway, last July. R. R. Wright, Jr., DB, AM'04, president of Wilberforce University, has been elected Bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. 1905 Allen Howard Godley has pub lished a second edition of his well- known book, New Light on the Old Testament. 1906 George Clifford Cress is secretary of the Ministers and Missionaries Ben efit Board of the Northern Baptist Convention. Roy W. Merrifield, DB, is pastor of the Plymouth Congregational Church, May wood, Illinois. 1907 Herbert Francis Evans, DB, PhD '09, is professor and head of the Depart ment of Religion in Whittier College, Whittier, California. G. E. Fogg, DB, has for the past eleven years been connected with the Social Science Department of the Bay City, Michigan, public schools. G. I. Hoover, DB, AM '08, general secretary of the Indiana Christian Mis sionary Association, was elected chair man of the State Committee on Unified Promotion for the Disciples during the past year and was recently elected a director of the Purdue Christian Foun dation. 1909 Bruce E. Jackson, DB, is finishing his twelfth year of service as Secre tary of Field Activities, Northern Bap tist Convention. His address is 152 Madison Avenue, New York City. 1911 Clarence W. Kemper, AM, DB'12, recently concluded a very successful second year in the pastor-ate of the First Baptist Church in Denver. Dr. Kemper v/as elected first vice-president of the Colorado Council of Churches under the leadership of Bishop Ralph S. Cush man, of the Denver area of the Metho dist Church, as president. Dr. Kemper completed twenty-five years in the min istry, with a record of more than 2,500 members received into his pastorates and offerings passing $1,000,000. 1913 Donald T. Grey, '11, AM, DB'14, pastor of the Michigan Avenue Baptist Church of Saginaw, Michigan, is gath ering one of the largest collections of religious pictures in the country. 1914 C. C. McCown, PhD, is returning to the Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley, California, after serving as director of the American Schools of Oriental Research. He made clearance of a painted tomb near Irbid in Trans- jordan, which is a unique example of third or fourth century (A.D.) art and of religious syncretism. 1915 Lorentz I. Hansen, AM, DB, has been teaching at Boston University and has been part-time pastor of the An- dover, Massachusetts, Baptist Church. Theophile J. Meek, PhD, is a trus tee of the American Schools of Orien tal Research and director of the Amer ican Oriental Society and member of the Executive Committee. His Haskell Lectures on Hebrew Origins at Oberlin College for 1933-34 are being published by Harpers. He has also published a book entitled Old Akkadian, Sumerian and Cappadocian Texts, and he has re vised the Old Testament section of the new edition of The Bible: An Amer ican Translation. Susan Wealthy Orvis, AM, is a member of the faculty of the SchaufHer College, Cleveland, Ohio. Mart Gary Smith, AM, DB, has retired from the ministry on account of his health. He and his family have moved from Norton, Kansas, to Sum- merville, South Carolina. 1916 William R. Rigell, AM, is pastor of Central Baptist Church, Johnson City, Tennessee. He has published two books : Investments in Christian Living, in 1930, and Prophetic Preaching, in 1936. Dr. Rigell is also a member of the State Mission Board. 1917 D. H. Sims, AM, has retired from the bishopric of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. 1919 J. E. Hartzler, AM, has accepted a position on the faculty of Hartford The ological Seminary, Hartford, Connecti cut. He was formerly connected with the Bonebrake Theological Seminary, Dayton, Ohio. LITHOGRAPHER L C. Mead '21. E. J. Chalifoux '22 PHOTOPRESS, INC. Planograph — Offset — Printing 731 Plymouth Court Wabash 8182 MEDICAL EQUIPMENT COMPLETE EQUIPMENT Instruments, Sundries and Furniture for Physicians, Dentists and Hospitals Frank S. Betz Company Hammond, Indiana Chicago Phone: Saginaw 4710 MUSIC Rayner Dalheim & Co /A5JSIC ENGRAVERS & PRINTERS of FRATERNITY, SORORITY and UNIVERSITYof CHICAGO SONG BOOKS NO 0RDERT00 LARGE 0RT00 SMALL - WRITE FOR PRICES 2054 W. LAKE ST. PHONE SEELEY 4710 PAINTS GEORGE ERHARDT and SONS, Inc. Painting — Decorating — Wood Finishing 3123 Phone Lake Street Kedzie 3186 PHOTOGRAPHEH MOFFETT STUDIO CAMERA PORTRAITS OF QUALITY 30 So. Michigan Blvd., Chicago . . State 8750 OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHER U. of C. ALUMNI ROOFING Grove Roofing Co. (Gilliland) Old Roofs Repaired — New Roofs Put On 25 Years at 6644 Cottage Grove Ave. Lowest Prices — Estimates Free Fairfax 3206 PIANO INSTRUCTION OLGA H. SCHAWE TEACHER OF PIANO Studio— Del Prado Hotel 5307 Hyde Park Blvd. For Appointment Phone Hyde Park 9600 46 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 1921 Archibald G. Baker, PhD, a mem ber of the faculty of the Divinity School of the University of Chicago, was hon ored by his old Alma Mater, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, at the Spring Convocation, with the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity. 1923 W. Paul Hollar, AM, is now min ister at the Phillips Avenue Presby terian Church, East Cleveland, Ohio. For six years pastor of the Plain Congregational Church, Bowling Green, Ohio, Fenton O. Fish, AM, recently went to the Mayflower Congregational Church, Columbus, Ohio. 1926 Virgil E. Foster, AM, after nearly ten years of service as minister of edu cation at Bryn Mawr Community Church, Chicago, accepted the position of associate minister of the Pilgrim Congregational Church, St. Louis, Mis souri. Walter G. Letham, AM, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Mus kogee, Oklahoma, for the past. seven and a half years, received the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity from Mis souri Valley College, Marshall, Mis souri, on May 25. Edward W. McGlenen, Jr., has ac cepted the pastorate of the Unitarian Church, Warwick, Massachusetts. Milton M. McGorrill, pastor of the Fountain Street Baptist Church, Grand Rapids, Michigan, received the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity from Kal amazoo College on June 16. 1927 Ivan G. Grimshaw, AM, is min ister of education at Fairmont Presby terian Church, Cleveland Heights, Ohio. 1928 Mervin M. Deems, PhD, has re signed his pastorate of the Second Con gregational Church, Norway, Maine, to become a member of the faculty of Bangor Theological Seminary, Bangor, Maine. In addition to teaching courses in church history, he will lecture on church polity and pastoral theology. Bernard Eugene Meland, DB, PhD'20, who recently concluded his seventh year at Central College, Fay ette, Missouri, has accepted a position with the Claremont Colleges as head of the department of religion in Pomona College, Claremont, California. 1929 William L. Young is president of Park College, Parkville, Missouri. Stewart Grant Cole, PhD, profes sor of philosophy and psychology at Crozer Theological Seminary, Chester, Pennsylvania, has been appointed presi dent of Kalamazoo College to succeed the late Dr. Allan Hoben. George A. Singleton, AM, DB'30, was recently elected editor of the Christian Recorder, the official organ of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. 1930 R. W. Schloerb, who is connected with the Hyde Park Baptist Church, leceived the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity from his Alma Mater, Knox Central College, Naperville, Illinois, last June. 1932 Milton O. Beebe was recently pro moted to the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Chaplains' Corps of the United States Army. Earle E. Em me, PhD, has recently v/ritten two new books and has been elected chairman of psychology, Iowa Academy of Science. C. A. Nyland, AM, formerly located at Cicero, Illinois, has assumed the pas torate of the Mission Covenant Church in Des Moines. Wallace Irving Wolverton, AM, PhD'34, who has been acting as chap lain for the CCC, has been promoted to a chaplaincy in the regular army. 1933 Rudolph Boeke recently accepted a new pastorate in Oost-Knollendam, North Holland. E. M. Harrison, who was for a number of years on the faculty of Jud son College, Rangoon, Burma, has been serving as associate pastor at the Woodlawn Baptist Church, Chicago. When Dr. Boynton retires next Feb ruary he will then be full pastor of the Church. 1934 James G. DeLaVergne has been promoted to the rank of captain in the Chaplains' Corps of the United States Army. Emil K. Holzhauser, PhD, is now a chaplain in the CCC. S. Marcus Houge is the minister of 1he First Congregational Church, Aus tin, Texas. J. G. Koehler resigned his position in the Normal Park Baptist Church of Chicago, to become pastor of the First Baptist Church in Benton Harbor, Michigan. Robert Sala, PhD, has been made Dean of Christian College, Columbia, Missouri. Professor of Old Testament at Nan king Theological Seminary, Hubert L. Sone also directs city church work in Nanking. He was formerly at Huchow, Chekiang. Myles A. Vollmer is the assistant rector at St. John's Episcopal Church, Colonial Circle, Buffalo, New York. Since last May, Harold B. Walker has been at the First Presbyterian Church at Utica, New York. Formerly he was at the Fullerton-Covenant Pres byterian Church, Chicago. 1935 Oscar T. Backlund, AM, is now the pastor at the Mission Covenant Church of Salina, Kansas. Irvin E. Lunger, AM, DB'36, has been granted a traveling fellowship by the Disciples Divinity House for this year, 1936-37, in recognition of the ex cellence of his work. SOCIAL SERVICE Three publications recently off the press are A Handbook for Social Case Recording, another one of Mrs. Bris tol's very useful handbooks for stu dents ; The History of American Pris ons, by Dr. Blake McKelvey, and The Tenements of Chicago, by Edith Ab bott, which is the result of a long series of studies made by students of the School and the old School of Civics and Philanthropy. The early studies have been brought down to date and Miss Abbott has compiled them into a single volume. Among S.S.A. alumni and faculty who have been recently appointed in Washington, D. C, are Agnes Van Driel, who has been appointed head of the Educational Division of the Public Assistance Section of the Social Secur ity Board, Robert Beasley, AM'33, James Brunot, AM'32, Laurtn Hyde, AM'36, Ernest Witte, and Phyllis Osborn, AM'36, who are also with the Social Security Board, and Genevieve Gabower, AM'36, who has been made Chief Probation Officer of the Juvenile Court of the District of Columbia, and Kathryn Welch, AM'35, who is in the Social Service Division of the United States Children's Bureau. Eleanor Goltz, AM'30, Instructor in Social Case Work, has resigned to accept a position as Associate Professor in the Graduate Curriculum of Social Work at the University of Michigan. Catherine Dunn, AM'30, Instructor in Social Case Work, has taken a leave of absence for the year to teach Case Work and help with the organization of the Field Work program in the Social Work curriculum of the University of California at Berkeley. Associate Professor Charlotte Towle gave courses in the School of Social Work of the University of Wash ington at Seattle during the second term of the Summer Quarter. Richard Eddy, AM'34, formerly United States Probation Officer, Balti- more, Maryland; Naomi Markee, AM'33, formerly with the Children's and Minor's Service of the Cook County Bureau of Public Welfare; Muriel Hanson, formerly with the United Charities of Pittsburgh, and Vallie Smith, of the State Relief Program of Tennessee, have been appointed Field WTork Assistants in the University of Chicago. Faith Johnson (Mrs. Lloyd Lauer), AM'36, is with the American Red Cross, at the U. S. Naval Hospital in Bremerton, Washington. Wallace Clark, Ph.B.'36, has gone fromi the American Red Cross at St. Louis to be Technical Consultant to the Superintendent of the Division of Pub lic Assistance of the State Board of Pub lic Welfare at Springfield, Illinois. Students who received their A.M. de grees at the June and August convoca- THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO M tions and their present positions include the following : Ruth Mary Blackburn, Medical Social Worker, University of Iowa Hos pital, Iowa City, Iowa. John Charnow, Assistant in the School of Social Service, University of Chicago. Mary Dunwiddie, Superintendent Country Home for Convalescent Crip pled Children, Prince Crossing, Illinois. Gladys Fraser and Eva Iola Klaas, Children's Division, State Department of Public Welfare, Indianapolis. Hilda Hanson, County Adminis trator, Allegany Welfare Board, Cum berland, Maryland. Gertrude Hemphill, Medical Social Worker, Social Service Department, Presbyterian Hospital, New York City. Merrill Krughoff, Director of the Research Division of the Council of So cial Agencies, Los Angeles, California. Dorothy Mack, Case Worker, Chi cago Relief Administration. Winifred Morin, Supervisor in the Detroit, Michigan, Department of Pub lic Welfare. Margaret Mosiman, Medical Social Worker, Elizabeth Steel Magee Hospi tal, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Marie Mueller, Children's Commu nity Center, New Haven, Connecticut. Alice Little Nelson, Case Worker, United Charities, Chicago. Alice Padgett, Instructor in Child Welfare and Assistant Editor, Catholic Charities Review, Catholic University. Washington, D. C. Helen Cox Renald, Case Worker, United Charities, Chicago. Audrey Sayman, Clinical Assistant in Psychiatric Service in Billings Hos pital, University of Chicago. Marion Voces, Family Service So ciety, Akron, Ohio. Alice Louise V o i l a n d, Case Worker, United Charities, Chicago. Henry Waltz, Delinquency Divi sion, United States Children's Bureau, Washington, D. C. BORN To Seth W. Slaughter, AM'18, DB '22, and Mrs. Slaughter, a son, Seth, Jr., on February 23, 1936, Law rence, Kan. To Samuel H. Nerlove, '22, AM'23, and Mrs. Nerlove, a daughter, Harriet Jane, August 7, 1936, Chicago. To Arnold Lieberman, '24, PhD'31, MD'28, and Mrs. Lieberman, a daughter Mary Ellen, August 30, 1936, Garv, Indiana. To Victor Levine, '25, MD'29, and Mrs. Levine (Wilhelmena Warner, 27, AM'30), a son, Joseph Warner, July 7, 1936, Chicago. To D. L. Stormont, PhD'25, MD'29, and Mrs. Stormont, their third child, Richard Mansfield, April 4, 1936, Chi cago. To James Louis Watson, '27, JD'29, and Mrs. Watson (Virginia Lane, 30), a son, Robert Douglas, August 24, 1936, Chicago. To Forest G. Wise, AM'29, and Mrs. Wise, a daughter, Katherine Anne, May 22, 1936, Tacoma, Washington. To Everett V. Stonequist, PhD '30, and Mrs. Stonequist, a daughter, Martha Elisabeth, May 7, 1936, Sara toga Springs, New York. To Gtleert O. Gronhovd, MD'31, and Mrs. Gronhovd, twin boys, Rich ard Lynn and Robert Glen, October 3, 1936, Ventura, California. Edmund L. Lind, PhD'31, and Mrs. Lind (Ethel V. Everett, SM'28, PhD '31) twin daughters, Nancy Jean and Karen Emelia, August 1, 1936, Chicago. To Mr. and Mrs. Lyle T. Pritchard (Priscilla Bishop, '31) of LaSalle, Illinois, a daughter, Priscilla Gould, at Evanston, Illinois, May 21, 1936. To Vernon R. DeYoung, MD U of C '32, and Mrs. DeYoung, a son, Dirk, March 12, 1936, Chicago. To Everett E. Manes, AM'35, and Mrs. Manes, a daughter, Joan, April 27, 1936, Chicago. To Marvin Vandenbosch, '36, and Mrs. Vandenbosch, a daughter, Mary Elaine, September 4, 1936, Chicago. ENGAGED Louise Quinn, '27, of Oak Park to Wilbur A. Gorman of Chicago. Arthur J. Resnick, '32, to Annette Viola Scheyer. Mary Elizabeth Kreuscher, '35, to John J. Bohnen. MARRIED Sumner Merrill Wells, Jr., '12, MD'14, to Minerva Mae Ford, October 10, 1936, Grand Rapids, Michigan; at home after December 1, 66 College Ave nue, N. E., Grand Rapids, Michigan. Nell Sawin, Assistant Professor of Institution Economics and Supervisor of Judson and Burton Courts at the University of Chicago for five years, to A. B. Johnson, '25, March 24, 1936; they are now residing in Yankton, South Dakota. Lucile Jeanorette Smith, '27, AM '30, to Bruce P. Neil, June 13, 1936; at home, 5109 West Concord Place, Chi cago, 111. Ann Elizabeth O'Brien, AM'34, to John J. McDonough, '28, September 18, 1936, Lake Forest, Illinois ; at home, 118 East Delaware Place, Chicago, 111. Helen M. Gillet, '29, to Robert B. Parsons, June 27, 1936; at home, 8123 Maryland Avenue, Chicago. Mary Marjorie Williamson, '29, PhD'33, to Henry Pfeiffer Bruner, August 22, 1936, Bond Chapel. At home, 6844 Jeffery Avenue, Chicago. Marian Badgley, '34, to Russell Lyons, August 28, 1936, Flossmoor, Illi nois; they are now located in New Hebron, Miss. Edith Annable, '30, AM'35, to Les lie Warren Chapman, August 8, 1936; at home, 27 Golden Street, Haverhill, Massachusetts. Ruth I. Foster, '30, to Harry L. Foster of Milwaukee, August 22, 1936, Chicago; at home, 4417 North Murray AGAZINE 47 RUGS Ashjian Bros., inc. Oriental and Domestic RUGS CLEANED and REPAIRED 2107 E. 71st St. Phone Dor. 0009 SPORTING GOODS J. B. Van Boskirk & Sons Sporting Goods 'Van" of Bartlett Gym 1411 East 60th Street Midway 7521 Co mplete Tennis Equipment Squash & Badminton TEACHER'S AGENCIES AMERICAN COLLEGE BUREAU 28 E. Jackson Boulevard Chicago A Bureau of Placement which limits its work to the university and college field. It is affiliated with the Fisk Teachers Agency of Chicago, whose work covers all the educational fields. Both organizations assist in the appointment of administrators as well as of teachers. THE HUGHES TEACHERS AGENCY 25 E. JACKSON BLVD. Telephone Harrison 7793 Chicago, III. Member National Association of Teachers Agencies We Enjoy a Very Fine High School, Normal School, College and University Patronage Paul Yates jTates-Fisher Teachers' AgencjT Established 1906 616 South Michigan Ave., Chicago VENTILATING The Haines Company Ventilating and Air Conditioning Contractors 1929-1937 West Lake St. Phones Seeley 2765-2766-2767 X-RAY SUPPLIES X-RAY SUPPLIES & Accessories "At Your Service9 Tel. Seeley 2550-51 Geo. W. Brady & Co. 809 So. Western Ave. 48 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE Avenue, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Juliana Allison Bond, ex '35, to John Drew Ridge, '30, SM'32, PhD '35, August 1, 1936, Williamsburg, Vir ginia ; at home 2121 New York Avenue, N. W., Washington, D. C. LaVora Louise Hinkel, '30, to George E. Simpson, Jr., July 20, 1936; at home, 4 West Central Boulevard, Villa Park, Illinois. Elva F. Henicksman, '32, to Tames F. Regan, PhD'33, MD'34, July 11, 1936; at home, 6319 Kenwood Avenue, Chicago. Alice Mary Baenziger, '33, to Frederick George Adams II, '32, Au gust 13, 1936, Thorndike Hilton Chapel. Mr. and Mrs. Adamis will divide the winter between Kansas City and St. Louis. Fawn McKay, AM'36, to Bernard Brodie, '32, August 28, 1936, Chicago; at home, 6104 Woodlawn Avenue, Chi cago. Daniel M. Dribin, '33, SM'34, PhD '36, to Tillie Horwitz, August 23, 1936, Chicago. Mr. and Mrs. Dribin are now living in Princeton, N. J., where he is continuing his research work in mathe matics at Princeton University. George Cromwtell Ashman, Jr.* SM '34, to Lucile Hester on August 15, 1936, in Peoria, Illinois. Lila Lorraine Lindsay, '34, to Wil liam W. Lange, August 17, 1936; at home, 2423 Dakin Street, Chicago, Illi nois. Janis A. Van Cleef, '34, to Allen J. Greenberg, August 9, 1936; after a honeymoon in the White Mountains, Mr. and Mrs. Greenberg established their residence in Boston, Mass. Frances L. Adkins, a former S.SA. student, to Robert A. Hall, Jr., AM '35, August 31, 1936, at Dobbs Ferry, New York; at home, 5649 Blackstone Avenue, Chicago. Philip C. Doolittle, '35, to Adeline Krejci, October 17, 1936, Chicago. At home, 464iy2 Lake Park Ave., Chicago. DIED John F. Pritchard, MD71, 90 years old and a retired physician of Manitowoc, Wisconsin, May 17, 1936. Samuel James Winegar, 79, DB'82, a Baptist pastor in the Middle West until his health failed and then business man, died March 5, 1936, Chicago. James Loring Cheney, DB'81, Bap tist minister in Cleveland, Ohio, died June 5, 1936, East Cleveland, Ohio. Glenn M. Hammon, MD'81, 79 years old, October 10, 1936, Sunland, California. After graduating from Rush Medical College, Dr. Hammond was an instructor there for ten years in diseases of the chest, nose, and throat. He prac ticed medicine in Chicago for thirty years before moving to California twenty years ago. Elmore Sloan Pettyjohn, MD'82, who began the practice of medicine in Chicago more than half a century ago, died October 6, 1936, in Milford, Ohio. Dr. Pettyjohn was the director of the Alma, Michigan, sanitarium and profes sor of mental and nervous diseases at the Post Graduate Medical School. In 1926, he retired from active practice. Charles Blim, MD'88, 77 years old, who had practiced medicine in Crete, Il linois, for nearly fifty years, died Octo ber 9, 1936. Franklin T. Wilcox, MD'90, 70 years old, one of La Porte's most promi nent physicians, died September 13, 1936, from a heart ailment. He had practiced medicine in La Porte for 45 years, representing the fourth genera tion of his family to practice medicine. Otto Henry Gerdes,-MD'92, passed away June 29, 1936, following a linger ing illness. He had practiced in Eu reka, South Dakota, for forty-three years and was a true country doctor in every sense of the word as physician, confidant, and advisor to all his patients. William Marcus Young, DB'92, Baptist Missionary in Burma for over forty years, died April 8, 1936, in Los Angeles, California. Andrew N. Fox, '96, of 475 Cottage Avenue, Glen Ellyn, former advertising- manager for Benjamin Electric Manu facturing Company, died October 13, 1936. Before entering the advertising business, he taught German at the Chi cago Theological Seminary for a num ber of years. He was one of the organ izers and first presidents of the Execu tive Club of Chicago. Chauncey Peter Colegrove, AM'96, educator, lecturer, and author, died at his home, 1079 North Marengo Ave., Pasadena, Calif., on June 5, 1936. For many years he was head of the depart ment of education and vice-president of the Iowa State Teachers College and also was president of Upper Iowa Uni versity for some time. William R. Bishop, '97, retired teacher, passed away very suddenly on March 3, 1936, at his home in San Diego, California. William English Walling, '97, September 12, 1936, Amsterdam, Hol land. Author of many books, he was one of the founders of the Intercolle giate Socialist Society, the Women's Trade Union League, and the executive director of the Labor Chest for Relief and Liberation of Workers of Europe. Henry Lawrence Schoolcraft, PhD'99, July 23, 1936. After some years as professor of history at the Uni versity of Illinois, he engaged in the real estate business in Chicago from about 1908 to 1918. Since his retire ment he had resided in Clearwater, Florida. Monroe M. Ghent, MD'01, May 6, 1936, St. Paul, Minnesota. He had practiced medicine and surgery in St. Paul for the last thirty-five years. Myron Lucius Ashley, PhD'01, 71 years old, who for twenty- four years was a professor of psychology at the Chicago Normal College, August 19, 1936, in Irvington, Alabama. He had lived in Irvington since his retirement from the college faculty in 1929. Dr. W. H. Jamieson, MD'10, 59, for twenty-five years an Ottawa physician, a member of the Ottawa grade school board and president of the staff of Ry- burn King Hospital, died August 9, 1936, Madison, Wisconsin. Roy J. Maddigan, ex' 10, September 24, 1936, Chicago. Assistant manager of the Chicago branch office of the Con necticut General Life Insurance Com pany, he was president of the Chicago Alumni Club last year. Charles Schott, '07, MDT0, 51 years old, specialist in children's dis eases, died October 1, 1936, Chicago. Since 1911 he had been head of the children's department of St. Joseph's Hospital. He also was a member of the staff of the Children's Memorial Hospi tal. Jesse S. Dancey, AM'll, clergyman, April 14, 1936, Keokuk, Iowa. Since 1930, he has been minister of the Meth odist Episcopal Church at Ames, Iowa. Karl Fenton Keefer, '11, died sud denly August 18, 1936, at St. Luke's Hospital, Chicago. He was vice presi dent of Curtiss Candy Company of Chi cago, world's largest makers of candy bars, which he and Otto Y. Schnering became connected with in 1917 and built up to its present greatness. Harriet G. Abbott, ex' 14, June 29, 1936, Detroit, Michigan. Roy Brooks Whitehead, '15, chief geologist of Atlantic Oil Producing Company, Dallas, Texas, died in Grace Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, July 1, 1936. A. James Larkin, MD'16, August 20, 1936, Chicago. Radium specialist and medical director of the Radio Serv ice Corporation, he was also a member of the staff of St. Francis Hospital, Ev anston. John R. Sproehnle, '20, president of a watch case company at 28 East Madison Street, Chicago, died suddenly in his home at 4722 South Greenwood Avenue, Chicago, August 21, 1936. He was 38 years old. Newman A. Dumont, JD'21, 39 years old, Chicago attorney, died Sep tember 30, 1936. He was past comman der of the Naval post of the American Legion. Harry Singer, '19, MD'21, a mem ber of the staffs of the Cook County Hospital, the University of Illinois Re search Hospital, died at his home, 516 Roscoe Street, Chicago, August 21, 1936. Aubrey Chester Grubb, PhD'21, July 29, 1936. He had been connected with the University of Saskatchewan as professor of chemistry for many years. Elizabeth Gerhardt, '24, Septem ber 12, 1936, Oklahoma City, Okla. She had been a teacher at Shawnee, Okla homa for a number of years. E. Weaver Campbell, LLB'29, died July 27, 1936, while on a business trip to Cleveland. His home was in Los Angeles, California. OttW obe* t\»e: rig ht^ean .our ?a t\ie aircoa- fiora? that A"**"^ ve £asse8" «r teiu ^lect Labota1 $//»«* --to Consult telephone directory for address of Name . Graybar branch in your city, or mail coupon to Graybar Electric Co., Graybar Building, New Addrei York, N. Y. for details on WeBtern Electric Audiphone and name of nearest dealer. In Canada: Northern Electric Co., Ltd. City.... ..County.. ....State.. © 1956, Liggett & Myers Tobacco Cc