THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE VOL.XXII JJNUJRY 1930 NUMBER 3 FULL MEASURE IN ENGLISH STUDY &F-LV A NEW APPROACH TO POETRY By ELSA CHAPIN and RUSSELL THOMAS Emancipation from the old teaching practice of telling the class uhow the poet felt " A New Approach to Poetry gives the student the intellectual and emotional adventure of discovering and appropriating for him- self the poet's experience. Poems unalloyed by didactic comment are presented. Corning from the arousal of appreciation, the principles of poetic art then emerge in their infinite charm and variety. $2.10 postpaid. STANDARD USAGE IN ENGLISH An up-to-date manual of capitalization, punctuation, sentence structure, symbols of correction, forms for outlines and manu- scripts, and suggestions for study. Prepared by the Department of English, University High School, University of Chicago. 27 cents postpaid. Reductions on quantity orders. ELEMENTS OF DEBATING By LEVERETT S. LYON An uncompiicated, practical text on the essentials of public speaking. No teacher need hesitate to undertake the goal of efFective orai English with this clear and thorcugh text as an assistant. $1-35 postpaid. STANDARDIZATIONof AMERICAN POETRY FOR SCHOOL PDRPOSES By L. V. CAVINS A means of determining the suitability of selections of poetry for children in the elementary grades. The author has devised tests for measuring the response secured by a number of poems. $1.60 post] THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 129 w SPEAKERS Choica of Leoctin$ Station^ RaAtos9 Tftaaéìbta ^ In Acljointtig ltootn$^ [ALLERTO^ HOUSE1 701KORTHMICHB3ANAVHNUB' CHICAGO^ CLUB RZSIDZXC&^ jTQR MENAW WaM£H~~10QOWOMSl \pmeiALcmcAao m&vobxmtms'l for 102 CoUeges' and lltilvets'itw- > atuiZO'Hatxotiai Sororlttes*** À Intercollegiate Headguarters In Chicago 130 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE Planning to Build? Let us teli you how you can have a house of beau tiful Indiana Limestone for only 5 % to 6 % more than if some ordinary facing material were used TI Entrance to residence, Lake Forest, III. Anderson & Ticknor, Architects ^HERE is an opportunity J- now to build the house of modest sise and cost of beautiful Indiana Limestone. Insteadofthemoreexpensive cut stone, we supply the stone in sawed strips which is broken to lengths on the build' ing site and laid up in the wall like brick. Stonemasons or bricklayers do the work Cut stone is used for trim or may be omitted entirely. There is no sacrifice in beauty involved in this method of use. The result is a wall of great interest. The soft color'tones of Indiana Limestone actually increase in attractiveness as the years go by. Your house has a much higher resale value. And yet it costs you only 5% to 6% more. Let us send you full in' formation about the "ILCO" way of building. Fili in your name below, clip and mail. INDIANA LIMESTONE COMPANY Qeneral Offices: Bedford, Indiana Executive Offices: Tribune Tower, Chicago FILL IN, CLIP AND MAIL Box 819, Service Bureau, Bedford, Indiana: Please send literature and full information regarding Indiana Lijnestone for residences. Signed. Street .. City ®f)e Sìmtoersttp of Chicago jWagajme Editor and Business Manager, Charlton T. Beck. '04 EDITORIAL BOARD: Commerce and Administration Associ ation— Rollin D. He- mens, '21 ; Divinity Association — C. T. Holman, D.B., yi6 ; Doctors' Association — D. J. Fisher, '17, Ph.D., '22; Law Association— Charles F. McElroy, A.M., '06, J. D., '15; School of Education Association — Lillian Stevenson, '21 ; Rush Medicai Association— Morris Fishbein, 'ii, M.D., '12; College— Roland F. Holloway, '20; Allen Heald, '26; Wm. V. Morgenstern '20, J.D., '22; Faculty — Fred B. Millett, Department of English. John P. Mentzer, '98, Chairman I N T H I ^ On this month's cover of the Magazine we bring you the north archway of the Medicai School Court. On each side of the arch may be seen portions of the seals of the University and of Rush Medicai College. Those of keen vision will note that the arch itself is significantly embel- lished by representations in stone of some of the common animals used in physiological research. » w w George Edgar Vincent, Ph.D. '96, L. L.D. 'n, is one of Chicago's most illus- trious sons. Corning to the University at its opening in 1892 as a Fellow in Soci- ology, he remained for nearly twenty years. In 191 1 he resigned as Dean of the Faculties to become President of the Uni versity of Minnesota. Six years later he was called to the presidency of the Rocke- feller Foundation, In the words of former President Judson, he is "a scholar, orator, wise counselor, true friend, able adminis- trator." THE Magazine is publisher! at 1009 Sloan St., Crawfordsville, Ind., monthly from No- vember to July, inclusive, for The Alumni Council of the University of Chicago, 58th St. and Ellis Ave., Chicago, 111. The subscription price is $2.00 per year; the price of single copies is 20 cents. Remittances should be made payable to the Alumni Council and should be in the Chicago or New York exchange, postai or express money order. If locai check is used, 10 cents must be added for collection. Claims for missing numbers should be made within the month following the regular month of Edgar Johnson Goodspeed, D.B. '97, Ph.D. '98, has endeared himself to thou- sands of Chicago alumni during his serv- ice of more than thirty years on the faculties. He has done much literary work but to the world at large he is per- haps best knpwn for his The New Testa rli ent — An American Translation, published in 1923 and approaching the 100,000 mark in sales. A special edition of this transla tion is published in China and India. » «S? <? Ralph Waldo Gerard, a graduate of the Colleges in 19 17, a Rush graduate in Medi cine, and a doctor of philosophy, has served in the Department of Physiology since 1927. Much of his time has been devoted to research in the physiology of nerves, a field in which he has accomplished notable results. But he is also an inspiring teacher with a bent toward the experimental. publication. The Publishers expect to supply missing numbers free only when they have been lost in transit. Communications pertaining to advertising may be sent to the Publication Office, 1009 Sloan St., Crawfordsville, Ind., or to the Editorial Office, Box 9, Faculty Exchange, The University of Chicago. Communications for publication should be sent to the Chicago Office. Entered as second class matter December 10, 1924, at the Post Office at Crawfordsville, In diana, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Member of Alumni Magazines Associated. 131 The Campus on a Winter's Night VOL- XXII W$t No. ®mbetóttp of Cfncago iWaga^me JANUARY, 1930 The University — A Chicago Institution* By George E. Vincent, Ph.D. '96 The Rockefeller Foundation THE committee has run a serious risk in exposing you to an ageing, anec- dotal, alumnus who knew the excit- ing, adventurous early years. How vividly they come back ! The friendly jests about "Dr. Harper's Midway Concession,,, the quarterly "Merry-go-round," the extension division as a "Ferris Wheel view of knowledge"; The rapid incubation of traditions when "Old Haskell Door" was sung before the varnish had dried and when "Profs. Made Student Customs at the U." ; The lively, often stormy, integration of a staff recruited from every section of the country and from foreign lands and holding views almost as diverse as its geographical origins ; The multiplication of experimental in- novations in nomenclature, machinery, theory and spirit; Above ali, the glowing imagination, or- ganizing genius, persuasive power, tireless energy and contagious enthusiasm of the first president who always insisted that he never asked for money; he merely pointed( out opportunities. A very real risk it was, but a habit of * Address delivered at the Inaugurai Dinner, conforming to a time-table was firmly fixed under Dr. Harper's regime and may be counted on stili to protect you. Yet reminiscence has a place this evening. A university like an individuai gets mean- ing and purpose from memory. Along with many other things this should not be forgotten: at the very outset citizens of Chicago and of the Middle West had a substantial part in creating this institution. For a time this fact was bound to be obscured by the dramatic circumstances of the founding. For obvious reasons public attention was fixed on Mr. Rockefeller. The University was naturally enough spoken of as his creation and Dr. Harper represented as his agent. Paragraphers and cartoonists pointed their jests at him and his made-to- order, magic wand institution. With characteristic amiability they imputed motives. It was to be a useful adjunct, a protection to the oil industry in particular and the established order in general. It was sometimes pictured as almost a proprie- tary establishment. Yet the University was never an indi viduala sole responsibility. The names of Wednesday, November 20. 133 134 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE originai University buildings, many early contributions to endowment testify to the generous co-operation of Chicagoans from the beginning. Moreover there is ampie evidence that Mr. Rockefeller^ originai purpose was to give the University a broad and secure foundation, then to leave to others the elaboration of the superstructure. This intention was clearly expressed when in 1910 he made a definitive gift of ten millions to be paid a million a year beginning^n 191 1. At this time he with- drew his representatives from the Board of Trustees, and gave explicit notice that he no longer regarded himself as responsible for either the maintenance or development of the institution. From then on it must look to citizens of Chicago and other donors. At the time this decision was announced, Mr. Rockefeller had given twenty-three and a quarter millions; others, chiefly men and women of this city, had given seven and a quarter — a by no means bad beginning for that public which was to be depended upon for the future. ( The length to\ which the transition from founder to public has gone is shown strik- ingly by the following contrasti during the five years just passed the University has received from Mr. John D. Rockefeller Sr. precisely nothing, from Mr. John D. Rocke feller Jr. one and one-half millions (largely for the Divinity School) from Chicago and other donors sixteen millions! Stili another comparison will show the tendency toward reliance qn the public. Since Mr. Rockefeller announced his final gift the total of contributions from ali Rockefeller sources — including the Rockefeller Boards which will be dealt with presently — has been nearly twenty-four millions while the total from citizens of Chicago and others has been almost twenty-seven. Even when totals from the beginning are compared, the ratio of the Rockefeller gifts to other contributions is only forty-seven millions to thirty-four. Of the twenty millions which have gone into buildings a little less than seven millions were of Rocke feller origin. So it is clear that the Uni versity had gradually become a Chicago, a regional, a national institution with an in- ternational reputation. At this point one can imagine slightly incredulous people saying : "This seems ali very well, but how about these Rockefeller Boards that have given the University ten and a half millions during the last decade? Are they not merely replacing the founder and in reality continuing his support?" This is a fair question which deserves a straight answer. It is true that one or two trustees thought Mr. Rockefeller's policy of withdrawal ought to bind the Boards which he had created. But the overwhelm- ing majority rejected this theory, first be- cause it implied that these agencies were merely extensions of his personality whereas he had always regarded them as quite in- dependent and autonomous, and second be- cause they believe the University of Chi cago, as a leading American institution, had the same right as any other to be considered on its merits. Acting on this theory the Boards began to study the University. The officers gathered information about the standing of the staff at home and aboard. They ana- lyzed the statistics of enrolment, paying little heed to grand totals. They examined maps which showed the number and the distribution of Chicago doctors of philoso- phy in colleges, in universities, and in other research centers. They read reports which summarized the facts sent in by college presidents about the University in which their teachers and graduates preferred to work. Then the officers of the Boards took into account buildings, equipment and endow- ments. They reckoned with the Univer sity^ ideals of teaching, research and social obligations. They gave due weight to loca tion, regional influence and prospect of future support. In only one respect was the study defective. About success in com petitive athletics these quaint, eccentric, people were incredibly ignorant and even wickedly indifferent. These investigations convinced the Gen eral Education Board and the Rockefeller Foundation that if they were to promote higher education, professional training and THE UNIVERSITY— A CHICAGO INSTITUTION 135 genuine research in the United States they must co-operate with the University of Chi cago as one of the first in a very small group of unquestionably leading institutions of the country. So from time to time the Boards made gifts, chiefly to improve advanced training and research. They did this not because Mr. Rockefeller had ceased to con- tribute but because the opportunities and the probable results left them no choice. It is a temptation to congratulate the University and the Community on what has been accomplished in less than forty years. Behold an institution with resources of over $100,000,000. It owns 70 city acres, 56 buildings, has an annual budget of $7,400,000, a productive endowment of $51,000,000, counts a staff of 789, gives instruction annually to 14,000 students of whom 8,000 are in graduate and high stand ard professional schools. But there is always danger in letting one's mind dwell too long on past achieve- ment. After ali Mr. Rockefeller did not turn over to Chicago a finished product; it has not been finished yet; it never will be completed. One hesitates to strike this note of "only a beginning has been made" but there is no avoiding it. There are forces that must be reckoned with, deplore them h.ow we will. First of ali professors are getting more and more grasping and sordid. It used to be possible to pay them in fine phrases about the nobility of teaching and the search for truth, the pure Joy of leading youth up the bill of knowledge, the sublimated satis- factions of unremunerated service to society. But ever since Dr. Harper began in 1892 corrupting distinguished scholars by $7000 salaries (that would mean at least $15,000 today) things have been going from bad to worse. Professors are no longer content with, the incomes of plumbers, carpenters and locomotive engineers ; they aspire to the salaries of commercial travelers and junior bond salesmen ; a few even covet the emolu- ments of the twenty-seventh vice-president of a Consolidated bank. Probably wives and children are a good deal to blame. The former are losing their craving for domestic labor and the latter associated with offspring of the well-to-do develop expensive habits and ambitions. Celibacy and Mrs. Sanger offer some hope but this may be easily overestimated. No, the unpleasant truth seems to be that first-class ability can be drawn into univer sity life and kept there only by adding to existing very real inducements an income which bears a dose relation to that of equal capacities somewhere in the upper half of professional and business groups. Uni versity staffs of high quality are going to be more expensive. But even when the professors have been secured the troubles have only begun. The better the men are the more they want of space, equipment, apparatus, books, manu- scripts, photostat copies, periodicals, tech- nicians, assistants, elencai aids. They feeì the urge to consult distant libraries and museums, to attend meetings of scientists, to go on expeditions to excavate, explore and make collections. They have an un- canny, almost malevolent, knack of learn- ing about things old and new in ali parts of the world. Then they cannot be happy until they have them. Nor is it easy to divert or pacify them without cost. They bombard you with dis- quieting phrases ; they must keep abreast of progress in their fields; the success of their teaching and research is at stake; their scholarly reputations are in jeopardy; the University 's standing is involved. You find yourself a trustee for brains which ought to be utilized to the full and then too you are haunted by the quite unworthy fear that if you fail to meet the test, you may lose your very best men and women to more appre- ciative and alert institutions. Here, too, is another increasing item of expense if a true university is to maintain its position as an influential center of teach ing and the advancement of knowledge. There is no waiting until the professors "have read ali the books they have now." Stili another, perhaps the worst difHculty about professors is their indifference to practical considerations. Instead of stick- ing to investigations which seem likely to "pan out" promptly, they go wandering about in an irresponsible fashion after ali 136 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE kinds of useless knowledge. Then they cali this pure research as if puffed cereals, auto- matic refrigerators and vacuum cleaners were impure! To people of the "go-getter," "quick re- turns" type this is probably the most irritat- ing of the many peculiarities of professors. Moreover this pure or fundamental research seems terribly expensive in time, equipxnent, supplies and assistance. But no real university can afford to let such investigations languish, to say nothing of permitting them to cease. Its duty is to push out the frontiers of knowledge. To be sure every now and then one of the things these practical professors have discovered turns out to be immensely useful and profitable — to somebody else and to society at large. Universities are not resentful when this happens, but they must go on nevertheless pursuing knowledge in the same disinterested way. A few governments, notably the British and . German, think it so essential to keep professors at work on fundamental research, that large sums are granted to universities, institutes and National Research Councils» Even our federai government maintains de- partmental laboratories in which a certain amount of surreptitious, almost pure re search goes on and a few state universities have funds for fundamental investigations. But for a long time we may be sure that Congress will not be beguiled into making outright appropriations for pure research either in departmental or non-government laboratories. Perhaps this policy is in harmony with the spirit of our national life. Possibly it is just as well that pioneering activities should be left to the initiative of individuate, volun- tary groups and private institutions. Certain it is that the University of Chicago has taken a foremost place not only in collegiate, graduate and professional educa tion but also in the national and Inter national task of advancing knowledge. The continued discharge of this great duty will cali for ever larger capital expenditures and annual maintenance. Stili another thing should not be over- looked. The University of Chicago was never a facsimile of the conventional uni versity type. From the very outset it intro- duced new ideas of organization, methods and spirito It was itself an experiment in education. It has made notable contribu tions and exerted a wide influence in this field. This tradition of innovation, experiment, and demonstration imposes new duties and offers boundless opportunities. The prob- lems are many and pressing. For exampie the aims, materials, organizations and methods of undergraduate education, the purposes and character of graduate training, the relations of research and teaching cali for re-study and readjustment to a changing social order. Such activities as these will inevitably cali for additional funds. How fortunate that the new President takes naturally to the very things for which the University has stood since its founding, for pioneering, for experimentation, for quality, for high standards in teaching and research, for loyalty to University ideals! One is inclined to protest against the preoccupation with President Hutchins' youthfulness. William Rainey Harper in 1892 was little older, but he was not ex- ploited as a boy wonder. Modern science, moreover, has changed our ideas about age» Character and personality are nowadays not so much questions of chronology as of en- docrinology. Think of the multitude of senile adolescents who will never grow up! Mere exposure to experience is no guarantce of wisdom. The vast majority register foggy outlines, many require a long time exposure, others, like the new president, have quick lenses. He has been promptly tested on both sides and has won early recognition for alert intelligence, resource» fui imagination, a pioneering spirit and a delightful personality. The University and the City hall him» Under his leadership the institution will make steady advance as a vital, stimulating, productive servant of the community, the nation and mankind. Mr. Rockefeller made a definite gift. Chicago in a long future will make countless gifts in money, in sympathy, in loyalty, but these gifts will never be definitive. New Manuscript Acquisitions for Chicago III. One Year's Progress in New Testament Manuscripts By Edgar J. Goodspeed Chairman of the Department of New Testament and Early Christian Literature. AYEAR ago the University owned one Greek manuscript of the four Gospels. Since the first of January, 1929, it has acquired seven New Testament manuscripts in Greek and one in Armenian. A real beginning has been made of a collec- tion of materials in this fìeld worthy of the University. Manuscripts are to research in the hu- manities what laboratories and laboratory materials are to the naturai sciences. They are the indispensable materials of research. It is unreasonable to expect such research without providing such materials. When the first course in New Testament manuscripts was given at the Uni versity by Caspar René Gregory in 1895 he saw this so clearly that he arranged to have the University buy a Greek gospels manuscript he found in Greek hands on the north side. From its long residence in Haskell Museum, we carne to cali it the Haskell Gospels. It was not a thing of any distinction; it was written about A. D. 1500 and cost only twenty dollars. But it was a beginning. Bound with it were a few pages of a Greek lectionary of the epistles probably from the fìfteenth century. This remained our only New Testament manuscript for a full generation. One or two ancient manuscript pieces no bigger than one's hand have found their way from Professor Goodspeed Oxyrhynchus to the Orientai Museum. But not much experience in handling and reading Greek manuscripts can be gotten from them. And yet without actual ex perience with real manuscripts, not just photostats, men cannot be trained for manu script work. We met this need by borrowing manu scripts from other institutions, and collat- ing and publishing them; from Harvard, Syracuse, Toronto, Texas. Collectors like Dr. Gruber in Chicago, Mr. Bixby in St. Louis, Mr. Scheide in Titusville, and Mr. Eames in New York, loaned us their manu scripts or gave us photographs of them. When we could not borrow the Drew Seminary manuscripts, we sent a man to Madison, New Jersey, to work them through. For one of the projects of the department has long been to collate and publish the un- collated New Testa ment materials in America. Meantime we were on the lookout for manuscripts to buy. But in the whole course of thirty-three years only one carne into view, — and for that, there were no funds. It is perhaps fortunate that those lean years in the University's financial history were also lean in manuscript op- portunities. The finding of the Michael Paleologus New Testament with its amazing wealth 137 xjS THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE of miniatures, in Paris two years ago, and its purchase by Mrs. Rockefeller McCor- mick marked the beginning of a new epodi. It drew attention to Chicago as a center of interest in Greek manuscripts, and while up to that time we had been unable to learn of any Greek manuscripts for sale any- where, since then they have been turning up steadily at about the rate of one every two months. The first chapter in the year's progress was Orientai, however. Our first acquisi- tion was not Greek but Armenian. On January 26, I chanced to see in a book catalogue from London that had just reached me, the mention of an Armenian gospels, on paper, and of the sixteenth cen- tury, at a very moderate figure. I cabled Luzac that night, and sent him a draft two days later. The manuscript arrived on February 9, and Dean Mathews generously assumed the oost of it from his funds. It contains 299 leaves, 7 ìhches by 9, with fair ornaments. It is a most useful thing to have manuscripts of the early versions of the New Testament for purposes of illus- tration. The Armenian for example has the Story of the Adulterous Woman not in John 7 and 8, but at the very end of the gospel. We hope in time to add to this similar manuscripts of the Latin, Syriac, Coptic and other versions, as they may come on the market. Nothing makes the ver sions so real to students as showing them actual manuscript examples of them, like this Armenian. Mr. Colwell, a fellow in New Testament, has made a study of the water-marks of the paper fly-leaves intro- duced into the manu script at the beginnings of Mark, Luke, and John, and found that they belong to the sixteenth century; and as they seem to have been put in long after the manuscript was new, it was probably written in the fìfteenth. The second chapter began in Princeton, in November, 1928, when Professor Morey told us of a Greek gospels manuscript in the hands of a scholar and traveler in New York City. In December, I met its possessor in New York and arranged to have the manu script sent on to Chicago. It proved to be of great interest. It was written prob ably about 1300 A. D. and was originally enriched with four fine miniatures, and three gospel headings, beside the decorated tables or lists of gospel sections at the beginning. It contained 400 parchment leaves, measuring sH °y 8 inches. In a colophon dated 1700 a monk Chrysanthus in barbarous Greek and a sprawling hand relates how he had rescued it from the hand of the Turks and repaired and em- bellished it. This enables us to date the red velvet cover now on the manuscript, and the elaborate patterned decoration of its edges, as well as that of the three new miniatures that have been inserted in the manuscript at the beginnings of Mark, Luke, and John. These doublé miniatures give peculiar interest to the iconography of the manuscript. The richness of its miniatures made this The Chrysanthus Gospels A tiny figure of Zechariah zvith his censer forms the first initial NEW MANUSCRIPT ACQUISITIONS FOR CHICAGO i39 an expensive manuscript to buy, but Mr. Mathews and Mr. Woodward carne to our aid, and a group of Chicago men, — Mr. Arthur T. Galt, Mr. Stanley Rickcords, Mr. C. Lindsay Ricketts, Mr. C. T. B. Goodspeed, — with some help from the de- partment's incidental fund made up the price. The manuscript reached Chicago on January 8. The last step ensuring its pur- chase was taken on May 18 and the first Greek New Testament manuscript acquired in thirty-three years was at last ours. The manuscript is aheady being collated for publication. Two colophons in Church Slavonic re- flect the wanderings of the manuscript about southeastern Europe, and have en- gaged the attention of Dr. Spinka and Dr. Bobrinskoy. Altogether, with its contents, its doublé miniatures and its Greek and Slavonic colophons, the manuscript is of much more than ordinary interest. The third chapter in the story had its actual be ginning in a remark of Professor Capps made at Princeton in November, 1928. He spoke of a Greek of his acquaintance who had some Greek manuscripts to sell, and offered to send me his address. Months passed ' however with no word from him, and we were beginning to think the matter just one more of those disappointments of which a manuscript- hunter's life is full, when on Aprii 25 there carne from Mr. Capps, not in- deed a letter, but a whole crate of manuscripts. Of the six, two were New Testament. One, a dilapidated gos pels, of about 1300, once the property of a certain Demetrius; the other a beauti- fully written Praxapostolos, that is, a manuscript of the Acts, and the epistles, a type of which there are but three examples known to us in America. A letter followed, with the disquieting news that the manuscripts were open to bids, and as two or three rather opulent eastern groups had already made offers for some of them, the prospect did not appear bright. We were also in no position to bid, as the Chrysanthus purchase had not been concluded, and until it was, it was hardly possible to approach the University with so vague a proposition. Yet we could not let the most distinguished manuscript that had yet come within reach escape without an effort. Accordingly I hazarded a per sonal bid on the gospels and the Praxapos tolos, and returned the lot to Mr. Capps. On May 17 a letter arrived from him, and I opened it with mingled emotions. A life-long student of Greek drama, Mr. Capps imparts even to his business letters something of its quality. Of our several bids, mine, it appeared, had been the high- est, — and Hope rose high. But the Hellene when apprised of it, declared that a man in The Praxapostolos A manuscript of the Acts and the Epistles turitten in the I2th or Iph century Canada had offered him that much for the Praxapostolos alone, saying he could doublé his money by selling it off a leaf at a time ; and Hope drooped. But Mr. Capps had protested that such a piece of vandalism would alienate ali reputable collectors, and the Greek would have no customers for further manuscripts. (Hope revived.) The eloquence of Mr. Capps moved the im- 140 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE pressionable Greek to repentance and re morse, and he willingly accepted the Chi cago bid. (Hope triumphant.) The next day the fatai parcel arrived. Mr. Capps, whose help in ali this was beyond ali praise, intimated that the Greek would welcome an early remittance. Without disturbing the University authorities this was ar- ranged, and I became, — temporarily, I hoped, — the owner of the manuscripts. On the I5th of June I called upon Mr. Woodwari and shared with him my guilty secret. He readily gave me officiai ab- solution, but for the The final hundred was presently provided by Mr. Stevens, and so the Demetrius Gos pels and the Praxapostolos became ours, after one of the finest pieces of University cooperation I know of. The gospels con- sists of 205 leaves measuring 6}i by 8% inches. The Praxapostolos contains 152 leaves, each 5^4 by yj4 inches, and is hand- somely bound in red velvet, with quaint brass ornaments. It was written in the twelfth or thirteenth century. The fourth chapter is the most dramatic part of the story, but it must be briefly told. ^^^^^^^ By the beginning of time being had noth- ing more substantial to ofier. Yet like the lawyer he once was, he did confer upon me a piece of advice, to which at the moment I at- tached little im- portance, but which proved to be posi- tively golden : he advised me to '-see Mr. Raney. Without delay I mounted to Mr. Raney's office, my manuscripts in my hands. He received me hospitably, and upon hearing their story, undertook one third of their cost. But he did more; he too gave me a piece of advice. He told me to wire Dean Mathews for the balance. I was not unacquainted with Dean Math ews, but as he had only three weeks be- fore assumed more than a third of the Chrysanthus purchase, it had not occurred to me to approach him again so soon. But the advice that day was proving so good, that I took it. Fortunately Mr. Mathews was not further away than Colorado; a month later it might have been Sweden or Switzerland. A wire to Denver brought a reply by ten that night, undertaking ali but the last hundred dollars of the balance. The next morning I went on my vacation. Mxjéj-v t^twmi jtmfwnu " u ¦ &C*) «*«" -irò t ^-Hr fewluti ni 6pow/LvfU » • ("AV >'¦' p*P*< ••¦f • ' ,'u» f vi ** ààrnif Um fe Kmà '<& Moapttu(»£4'«Wr . %. futjuytt'"'. tè**"*1 oùi t» w ¦ ¦Ifìopdp finn' October, there had come to me from M. Stora in Paris and from the New York scholar who had turned the Chrys anthus Gospels our way, f o u r more Greek gospels man uscripts. One was paper and supposed to be from the fif- teenth century. The others were parch- ment, and very at trattive. Two were actually signed and dated by their scribes. The fourth was an impressive two-column codex, of 165 parchment leaves, measuring 9^4 by 12-lA inches, with fine headings, which once belonged to the church of Exoteicho, near Trebizond. The request for an exhibit of depart- mental research projects, on the day of the inauguration, Nov. 19, led us to show in one case the gospels manuscript secured through Gregory in 1895; in a second, the four manuscripts acquired in the last winter and spring; and in a third the four manuscripts in our hands on ap provai, which we placarded as "awaiting purchase." Thanks to Mr. Woodward and Mr. Raney, we went into the exhibit on No- vember 19 with more than one third of the money needed for. them in sight. When Mr. The Exoteicho Gospels NEW MANUSCRIPT ACQUISITIONS FOR CHICAGO 141 and Mrs. Frederick T. Haskell saw them in the exhibit, Mr. Haskell asked to look at one of them more closely. It was a small codex of 190 parchment leaves, each 3% by 4% inches, with a fine twelfth century mini ature at the beginning, excellent gospel head- ings, and at the end the signature of the scribe Nicolausof Edessa, together with date and place of writing, — Edessa (in Mace donia), 1 133 A.D. Mr. Haskell put a new face on our situation by saying that he would buy the manuscript for the University, which he has since done. This gave us three-fourths of the amount needed to secure ali four, and Dean Mathews hearing of our prog ress later in the afternoon, volun- tarily undertook to provide the rest. We were thus obliged to put upon the show-case a new label indicating that since the opening of the exhibit, funds had been provided that ensured the purchase of the four manuscripts. The second dated manuscript is signed by the scribe Hya- cinthus, with the date 1303. It con- tains 338 parchment leaves, measuring 6% by 8^4 inches. After the exhibit Mr. Clark and Mr. Colwell, fellows in the department, took up the paper manuscript, which had not been examined in detail, and by a study of its watermarks established its date as about 1325-50. It contains 204 leaves, each 6 by 8% inches. They found it signed by the scribe Isaac, and a late note in it showed that it once belonged to the church of St. John in Exoteicho. On the second of December, when the New Testament Club assembled to rejoice over the manuscript acquisitions of the year, it was confronted by a newly arrived manu script of such unique distinction that every- one felt it must be added to the year's ac quisitions. It is a twelfth or thirteenth century roll sixty-nine inches long and three and five-eighths inches wide. It contains the beginnings of three gospels, (Mark, Luke, John), the Lord's Prayer, the Nicene Creed and the first part of the 68th Psalm, 114 lines in ali. Liturgical rolls of the period are not unknown, but a medieval roll containing gospel texts like these seems to be unheard of. The second great feature of the roll is the presence in it of seven miniatures, mostly in good condition. ' It has been suggested that the roll was a charm or amulet of some opulent By- zantine, perhaps of the imperiai family. Or it may have served as decora- tion for the pillars of the aitar canopy, on feast days. Paper strips something like this are used in that way in Roumanian churches today. Mr. Shapley on seeing the manu script later ex- pressed his feeling that we must not let it get away. And already with the aid of Mr. Martin A. Ryerson and Mr. Galt, we are halfway to success. But even without it, these eight acquisitions in New Testament manuscripts have made this a great year in the history of the department, and show what can be done in this direction. In a single year we have added to our manuscript resources more New Testa ment items than any American univer sity has gathered in a like period except when Michigan secured the Baroness Bur- dett Coutts collection at a London auction at a cost of $9,000. But those manuscripts were ali previously known and registered, and in some cases had been thoroughly studied, and the results published ; our pur- +RMrrt/AlONKATA)iwAWHN iyo,\Qyorr ¦ K" ' Q or TOP *^V ¦ K*** "&* rt / ' ° ^° >**- ' > o. ~ , ' - L sk. e" opo^«tn>«iLrruj|oouit' >¦ M-tHry f.wA**if TV>p!**p tpeu^Y The Hyacinthus Gospels 143 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE chases are unknown to the published lists of such manuscripts and are new material for study and publication. We shall thus have the satisfaction of working them over and reporting their readings to the men at London who are now at work upon a new criticai apparatus of readings of the Greek New Testament. We have moreover opened channels of the utmost promise for further acquisitions. Three groups of manuscript hunters in Europe and the Levant are now on the lookout for further manuscripts to submit to us. The University has given us gener- ous support, and the city has begun to take an active interest. We hope to have further results to re- port to the alumni before long. The Edessa Gospels, A. D. 1133 The gift of-Mr. Frederick T. Haskell As We Go to Press The Alumni Council, with the co-operation of the Chicago Alumnas Club and the Chicago Alumni Club, is making arrangements for the First Annual Alumni Assembly to be held in late February or early March to which ali alumni, former students and faculty members, together with husbands and wives, are invited. The Assembly will be held at one of Chicago 's downtown hotels with an informai reception at 6 o'clock, a dinner at 7.0'clock followed by addresses from leading members of the University, faculty who will teli of the discoveries and accomplishments of the past year. This will be a wonderful opportunity for meeting old friends and learning of the re cent accomplishments and future plans at the University. Experiment in Education — An Adventure By Ralph W. Gerard Assistant Professor of Physiology I FIFTY years ago Louis Agassiz said, "Question Nature, not Books," and called into being the modem labora- tory courses of science. Now youth learns chemistry with the Bunsen burner and bi- ology with the scalpel and scientists are haughty to philosophers. The method of teaching by doing is cer- tainly an improvement over that by exposi- tion, but how grotesquely has the meaning of Agassiz's dictum been warped ! For ex- ampie, a class is learning how to test for arsenic. Before commencing the experi- ments the students are expected to have read (and often have) about the various reactions of this substance. In the labora- tory they slavishly follow careful directicns for proceeding. "Take io ce. of arsenic trichloride solution, add io ce of concen- trated hydrochloric acid and warm to 700 C. Pass in hydrogen sulphide gas for io min- utes. Observe the formation of a yellow precipitate' of arsenic sulphide." Miss Y. obtains no yellow precipitate; she used a dilute instead of a concentrated acid, but doesn't know this. Nature, as interrogated by Miss Y., says that arsenic does not have an insoluble yellow sulphide, the book says it does. And what does Miss Y. say ? "Oh, there must have been something wrong with the experiment." ( Miss Y. would probably not remember arsenic sulphide very long even if her experiment had succeeded, but she will never forget that iron sulphide is black, for during the arsenic experiment she put her head into the hydrogen sulphide gas and when she withdrew it her artistically rouged cheeks and lips had become quite black. That was a real discovery.) So common is this experience that stu dents régularly distrust their own observa- tions and experiments, and when they pass on and perhaps become instructors the state of mind persists/ A friend teaching at Cam bridge University told me of a particular experiment, a test of the action of some drug, that had been demonstrated to every class of medicai students for a quarter of a century. For years he, as his predecessors, had failed in test experiments to obtain the expected effect and had always put across the actual "demonstration by silently adding a different drug that did produce the re- sults. Finally, he became sufEciently ex- asperated to seriously study this drug action, and proved that the drug had no such effect. The often "demó,nstrated" test was an "error that had crept into the literature of the subject," but the books had overpowered the observations for^ generation. The actual observation of certain striking phenomena is an invaluable experience. No description can convey the reality of an aurora borealis. The flashes of single dis- rupted atoms seen in a spinthariscope give a tangibility to atomic theory never to be had from discourse. The movements of the heart seen with X-rays are unforgettable. Ammonia must be sniffed and quinine tasted for full appreciation. Such laboratory ad- ventures are striking and enduring and can stand by themselves with no understanding or explanations. The great majority of the studente time in the laboratory, however, is spent in a very different manner. He repeats in varying combinations procedures that he has been through many times, and obtains results with which he has been made familiar. Mixing two solutions in a test tube and òb- serving a white precipitate becomes tiresome after the first hundred times. A further evil has crept into laboratory teaching, and teaching in general, which is perhaps a * reverberation from the present century lapping about our island universi ties. The period is filled to dverflow with things to be done. Dozens of separate, often unrelated, experiments are packed into one afternoon period so that the mere manual execution of them requires some dispatch. Active thought about them, even if encour- aged, is then pretty much out of the ques- 143 144 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE tion and the actual doing is degraded to little more than drudgery. As an aid to teaching such laboratory -work is yielding meagre returns on the time and capital in- vested in it. I have painted, perhaps, an extreme pie- ture of laboratory teaching today, but cer tain valid conclusions, I believe, remain. The spontaneous interest of normal beings is stamped out, almost methodically, by having everything labelled and docketed bef orehand ; the student knows what to ex- pect. If it happens, what of it? He knew it would and there is no time to think about itnow. If it doesn't, what of it? It should have, something must have been wrong but there isn't time to do it over. In truth we teach our students to question Nature, not books — to question what she tells us. Criticism of our "higher education" has become such a lay and professional pastime, and is so familiar to readers of this maga zine, that I may have been merely beating a dead man. The laboratory phase of the problem, however, has been little discussed by the leading experimentors on education. McConn, in his "College or Kindergarten," discusses the subject on one page. Granted that students should be helped to teach themselves rather than be inflated, to grasp concepts rather than learn faets; should be taught a continuum, not a potpourri ; inten- sively, not fitfully. Is the laboratory to be utilized in this program. And how? Surely in the sciences the laboratory is the key to the whole situation. Even in the humanities an analogous type of activity has proved most effective. The students in Meiklejohn's "Experimental College" vivi- fied their studies of Greek civilization by making Greek properties, giving Greek plays, and in some ways living Greek lives. The laboratory must be the studente main source of knowledge if he is to evolve it himself. He must make his own discover- ies, test his own theories, experience for him self the power and drudgery, the striking successes and the Constant failures of ex perimental investigation. There he can give the so needed motor expression to accumu- lating sensations and ideas, rather than bottling them up for "some time," can know glorious and petty science as a devoteè rather than as a spectator. To learn a subject "from within" is to live it, to live science is to do research — in a laboratory. By re search I mean the positing of hypotheses and their experimental testing; and long estab- lished faets and experiments may ofler as genuine matter for research to one who doesn't know them as to the person who first produced them. This sounds very idyllic, but how are we going to achieve it? And, after ali, science students must learn a modicum of the ac- cumulated faets and techniques of the sub ject. It may be interesting to teli something of a course in physiology given during the last year, and based on this viewpoint. There has been given for many years at the University of Chicago a year's course in physiology, listed in the Junior Colleges, but attended by a very heterogeneous group of students. This year two dozen students — freshmen, premedics, a graduate student in psychology, art students, drifters, well distributed in age and sex — registered as usuai for the course. At the opening meet ing I suggested the following program to them and they agreed (after a hot discus sion) to try it as an experiment. i. No lectures; the three hours a week so scheduled to be devoted to discussion by the class — I being merely a rudder. Short formai talks were to be given by the stu dents at times. 2. No text book and no reading assignments: questions raised and interests stimulated in the discussion to be followed up as desired with books and originai articles in the library and in the laboratory. (During the first week of the course the medicai librarian gave the class an hour's talk and demonstration on the use of the library.) 3. No assigned experi ments : during the four hours a week alloted to these the instructor and the assistant to be in the laboratory and the special supply room open, but the laboratory itself to be kept open at ali times and the students free to work. They would presumably test for II III EXPERIMENT IN EDUCATION— AN ADVENTURE 145 themselves ideas and statements advanced during discussions, but the only conditions placed were that the project must be dis cusseci with the instructor before begun (to avoid dangerous or destructive experiments and insure the presence of needed equip- ment) and must be carried to successful con- clusion, in the sense of eliminating errors and uncertainties, before being dropped. 4. No formai attendance taken nor examina- tions given : an achievement equivalent to the university requirements to be expected. We started the discussion with the as- sumption that no one knew anything about biology. I asked what life is, and within the week the discussion led two students to find out that a frog's heart could beat for hours when cut from the body. Most students had assorted bits of information which at first they proudly contributed. Later they became more cautious since their fellows were quick to pick flaws or demand evidence. Some periods I said no word for the entire hour. From the arguments carne theories and plans of experiments to test them. Within three weeks ali were busy on research problems, alone or in small groups. Some of these occupied the entire quarter, others were very quickly completed. Of course there were troubles. One or two students tried to be autocrats of the classroom and had to be restrained. One well meaning chap just could not be prodded into developing something of his own in the laboratory and required Constant nursing. A girl was frankly antagonistic to the whole scheme from the start and would not co operate. It was difficult to supply the variety of equipment needed and to keep the building open evenings and Sundays. Ali the students found it difficult at first to do their own planning, and my time was eaten into for a month most unmercifully. Much of the students' time was "lost" through inexperience, at least they did not hear or do so much as in the usuai course. They certainly acquired, even temporarily, fewer faets. How shall one judge the results? The group was absolutely unselected and might be compared with previous classes. The students could compare their reactions to this method and to regular classes. Their future behavior might be observed. But what are the criticai tests to be applied? And did the mere novelty of a new experi- (•: J l • _¦ ^%' •• ^ A ^BuQB^^^^BB^k 11 ' Hi ^W Doctor Gerard in his Laboratory 146 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE ment give an added advantage to the course ? Unquestionably it has been the most in- teresting and, I believe, interested class I have taught. Far more than the one-fourth of "real students" allowed by McConn took an active part in the discussions, presented data gleaned from originai articles (in German and French, too), and asked me for evidence if I made categorical state- ments. For the first time in ten years of teaching have I heard an "authoritative,, statement met by a student with the wither- ing % etort that his experiments showed it was wrong. After one month the students voted nearly unanimously to continue the course as it was going rather than to return to the usuai method, as I offered to do. A number of new students asked to be admitted to the second quarter's class. In a questionnaire filled out, I think honestly since very frank criticisms were made, at the end of the first quarter, the average report was that twice as much outside time had been spent on this work as on other courses. The opinion was also expressed that the class had learned few faets but had a real appre- ciation of vital processes, and a new idea of science. Many felt that the most valuable thing gotten from the course was the train- IAST year in the March number of the Magazine a summary of certain faets -•about the freshman class was given. Similar information has been prepared for the current year's class and is presented in the following paragraphs. There were this year 764 new freshmen, i.e. students who entered the University ing in working on their own responsibility. In the laboratory they began with simple experiments and worked to more difficult ones. At first many had never touched a f rog and few had seen kymographs or muscle levers. Before finishing several were doing experiments done in graduate courses or not attempted by students. Several took up phases of problems that have never been worked out, and at least one — a freshman at college, from a small-town high school, by the way — did research of such high calibre that it will be published in a physiological journal. Perhaps even more significant were the experiences of those students who had trouble with their experiments and worked through them. One did an experi ment performed regularly by the medics, but never properly. After a dozen trials, each taking an afternoon, he demonstrated it perfectly. Probably the month spent on that one undertaking taught him more than could any number of laboratory manuals. The laboratory was occupied at ali hours, mysterious piles of apparatus rose and dwindled, enthusiasm and discouragement were there but not boredom. I think they learned something very real about physi ology and scientific method, and I think they enjoyed it. Certainly I did. with less than nine majors of advanced standing. These were selected from approximately 1,250 applications. Fifty-nine per cent of the freshmen were boys, and forty-one per cent were girls. The following tables present the sum- marized data. The Freshmen of 1929-1930 By George R. Moon, A.M. '26 Assistant to the University Examiner THE FRESHMEN OF 1929-1930 i47 TABLE I PERCENTAGE , OF STUDENTS WHO REPORTED THAT THEIR FATHERS WERE ENGAGED IN INDICATED VOCATION Vocation Per Cent Merchant 16.6 Skilled Trades 9.4 Salesmanship 7.8 Executive Work 7.8 Manufacturing 5.7 Law . 5-2 Engineering 4.94 Medicine 4.04 Clerking 3.7 Civil Service & Trans 3.6 Insurance , 3-3 Farming 2.7 Real Estate Business 2.7 Vocation Per Cent Education 2.54 Ministry . . 2.4 Contracting 2.4 Adver. & Journalism 2.1 Labor 2.1 Banking 1.5 Brokerage Business 1.5 Dentistry 1.5 Business (general) 1.35 Fine Arts 0.9 Accounting 0.45 Science 0*45 TABLE II PERCENTAGE OF THE CLASS WHO REPORTED THAT AFTER GRADUATION THEY PLANNED TO ENTER CERTAIN OCCUPATIONS Per Cent Occupation Choice of Class Education 20.7 Law .... ^14.4 Business 12.2 Medicine 9.5 Science 6.3 Journalism 5.2 Engineering 3.6 Art .... *. 3.6 Music 3.45 Social Service 2.16 Advertising 1.87 Nursing 1.7 Ministry 0.9 Accounting 0.6 Theater 0.6 Architecture 0.4 It is, of course, possible and quite prob- able that a large number of these students will change their plans while in college. No study has yet been made to determine how many have the same hopes or plans when they graduate as when they enter. Last year our freshmen carne from 36 Per Cent Occupation Choice of Class Brokerage • • • °-4 Library Work 0.4 Real Estate 0.4 Banking °-3 Army ai Athletic Coach 0.1 Dentist ai Dietetics °-1 Diplomatic Service O-1 Foreign Trade °-1 Home Economics 0.1 Insurance °*1 Personal Service G-1 Radio • o-i Salesmanship °-1 None 12.4 different states and the District of Colum bia. The following figures show that the members of this year's class carne from 37 different states, from the District of Co lumbia, and one from Japan. The states are listed in the order of the number of students from each state. 148 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE TABLE III PERCENTAGES OF THE CLASS WHO CAME FROM HIGH SCHOOLS LOCATED IN THE PLACES INDICATED Per Cent Location of High School of Class Chicago , 59.7 Suburban Area 7.8 111. outside Chgo. Area 7.3 Indiana 6.0 Wisconsin 2.94 Iowa 1.7 Michigan 1.54 Minnesota 1.1 Ohio 0.98 Oklahoma 0.98 Pennsylvania 0.98 Montana 0.84 California 0.7 Missouri 0.7 New York 0.7 Kansas 0.6 Kentucky 0.4 Massachusetts 0.4 Nebraska 0.4 Utah 0.4 Sixty-seven per cent stated that they ex pected to live at home while attending the University. One hundred twenty-two members of the class held full or partial scholarships a- warded because of accomplishment in high school or on competitive examinations. These were distributed as f ollows : 50 held full or partial Honor Entrance Scholar ships; 35 held the Two-Year Junior Col lege Scholarships; 36 held full or partial Per Cent Location of High School of Class Connecticut 0.3 Florida 0.3 New Jersey 0.3 South Dakota 0.3 Washington, D. C 0.3 Washington 0.3 Alabama 0.14 Canada 0.14 Colorado 0.14 Georgia 0.14 Louisiana O.14 Maryland 0.14 Mexico 0.14 New Hampshire 0.14 New Mexico 0.14 North Dakota 0.14 Tennessee 0.14 Virginia 0.14 West Virginia 0.14 Texas 0.14 scholarships won in the Competitive Ex aminations; 3 held special honor scholar ships awarded anonymously through the Chicago schools for promise of civic leader ship; one held the Joseph Triner Scholar- ship. The Scholarship Committee reports that various alumni organizations gave valuable assistance in a large number of cases in locating and interviewing prospective can- didates for the awards. TABLE IV AMOUNT OF EDUCATION REPORTED FOR THE FATHERS OF THE STUDENTS INCLUDED IN THE STUDY Amount of Education per Cent None above the eighth grade 45.6 Attended high school but not graduated 1.5 Graduated from high school 1 7.9 Attended college but not graduated 9.9 Graduated from college 25.6 Of the 35.5 per cent who attended or while 1.2 per cent attended the University graduated from college, 3.5 per cent have for a time. degrees from the University of Chicago, Sojourn on a Summit By Henry Justin Smith, '98 XI WHAT is so terrible about a presi dente reception ? In f act, nothing. It is a winter afternoon, with darkness already come, and motor lamps bulging through a whirl of snow. The big brown house is thoroughly lit. Upstairs and downstairs, its Windows glow. The old house, that usually presents toward passers-by so forbidding a face, now wears an aspect of invitation. Snow leading to its porch is well trampled. There is a long rank of automobiles in front. The Presidente annual reception to the faculty is on — that is, half of it. There are two halves because the roster of faculty and ofEcials is so long that to swallow them in one gulp would choke the place. So today the people "from A to M" are re- ceived. Later there will be a welcome to the folk "from N to Z." No one in the fat little address book will be overlooked. It contains the names not only of prominent "donors" accustomed to much more lavish social affairs than this, but also of many persons who hardly "go out" at ali. Nearly everybody who teaches or lectures is included, and so are a lot of people who look after the University ma- chinery, who keep its books, or buy its sup- plies, or boss its janitors. And along with Everyman, there is Everyman's wife. This is the occasion when Mrs. Hast- ings wears her remodeled afternoon cos tume. 2. If anyone were to ask what a Presidente reception was "for," he might get a hesitant response. Customs are hard to explain. But the Lowlander, prowling around The Sum mit and trying to understand it, f ramed his own idea of why, on two days in the busiest season, the Presidente house was filled with people, its staff taxed to the limit, and the President and his wife doomed to shake three hundred hands. The Lowlander thought it was done largely to keep "faculty wives" happy. Now being a faculty wife was unlike being another kind of a wife. It is one thing to be married to a "genius" who is also a "headliner"; it is another thing to have a brilliant husband, who, though famous in a way, gathers little social glory, and perhaps will not "go anywhere" at ali. The Lowlander was prone to compare with those women who, at a luncheon party, were able to boast "My husband wrote the best seller of the season," those who were forced to an admission such as "My husband is a zoòlogist. He studies mainly entozoons." And then, it must have been true that many faculty wives remained forever ig- norant of what their preoccupied and learned husbands were really driving at. What if onee husband is working on "the equilibrium of rotating fluid bodies," or on "the morphology of thallophytes," or even on so mild a subject as dialects, vedic or avestan? What then becomes of the prin- ciple that "a wife should be conversant with her husbande work" ? Well, obviously, the average faculty wife cannot do it. She must watch the growth of her spoùsee charts, his horrendous manuscripts, the litter in his home laboratory, and be enthusiastic ; she must sit and look pleasant while he and his dinner guests bat technicalities back and forth. She must gaze admiringly from a front seat while he reads a paper on "Some Phases of Stereoisomerism." Now, the Lowlander not only perceived — or imagined — the secondary róle of the faculty wife, but he thought he discerned the way the husbands met the situation. It was by being very nice to their wives. What happened in this home or that was not ap- parent in detail, but it could be deduced from the way the wives were treated in public. The latter were never left out; they got asked to The Club to dinner ; their husbands sat beside them at functions. 149 150 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE And it was the custom, the practically impregnable custom, for Professor So-and- So to take Mrs. So-and-So to the Presidente reception. Yet there were exceptions. . . 3- These husbands and wives formed a doublé line, ascending and descending the broad staircase. They nodded gaily to each other, but they did not pause. The recep tion had to move rapidly. Even so, it took some hours for those "from A to M" to passa given point. Not in the drawing-room (built for a smaller faculty) did the President and his wife take up their stand, but in the com- fortable reception hallway, from which opened, in turn, the dining-room, the study, and the "parlor." There was no "line." There was no secretarial introduction, or other formality. The President simply shook any hand that was extended ; and then his wife shook it. Everything was as though ali these people had simply "dropped in." The professors were dressed that way, too. The crowd moved swiftly by. Ali the President «would say, as he gave his quick and friendly smile, was : "How d'ye do?" "Good afternoon; glad to see you." Or this: "Ah! How is everything with you by this time?" To men whom he constantly met — some he had already seen three or four times that day — he would often give just a quick pressure of the hand, and a glance suggest- ing, "We talk enough at other times." Sometimes, though, he would greet a pro fessor who had been ili, or who had just returned from a long absence; these he would hold for two seconds longer, with an added touch of interest or, it might be, a searching question. When it carne to greeting the wives, he managed an increase of cordiality, (and a stretch of memory), which was not merely an expression of his naturai good-humor, but a recognition of the fact that they were the faculty wives. Oh, yes, the President knew about them and how important they were. He was the last man to ignore the fact that they formed a sort of auxiliary corps whose harmony and happiness was vitally related to the mental health of the whole place. So he bent to them, as it were; though his actual attitude was that of a simple, almost boyish affability, un- embroidered by pretty speeches, though often pointed by his quick laugh. "And how are the children?" he might say, as he let go of a hand. ( He never was known to make the error of putting the question to a childless wife.) Passing on to Mrs. President, the faculty helpmates found someone who knew them and their ways in detail, whereas the Presi dent may have known them only in mass. The lady of the executive mansion never acted as though she were "giving a recep tion" ; she might have been at a small dinner- party. If she chose to hold someone beyond the prescribed three seconds, she did it. She knew when the So-and-Soe had got back from Europe. She knew about the daughter who had been sent to a sanitarium, about the son who was going to coach foot ball next year, about the aged mother-in- law shut in with rheumatism, about the pet project for a nursery to take care of grad uate students' children — ali that sort of thing. She had been a professore wife herself. "And Fm so glad to see you, Mrs. Hast- ings. So sorry the professor could not come . . . Now, teli me, are you really thinking of selling your house — such a nice place, too — and where shall you go?" And then the wives of the young pro fessors; new faces, some of them. The "first lady" could not pretend to know them ali; but those who were new to her she managed to make feel that they were really in the family now . . . And would they not come to see her, some time, when there wasn't such a crowd ? Such a crowd, indeed ; and such a small, frail, elderly lady to stand there and speak to them ali ! 4. There is, meantime, a continuous move- ment into the dining-room, where, standing around a table heaped with sandwiches, little cakes, and tea urns managed by ladies SOJOURN ON A SUMMIT 151 endowed with that sort of skill, the guests perform their final devoir of the occasion. Behold, now, how amiably a daring ex- plorer of jungles, or a mathematician with a Fijian pompadour, or a sociologist just back from the slums, can procure a cup of tea for his wife, and hand it to her without spilling. Behold, also, how there are some faculty men who conduct themselves as to receptions born, who chat this way and that way most gracefully; while others — bache- lors, maybe! — tend to flatten themselves against the wall, or retire into corners. But these are not ali bachelors. Here is T , a great anecdoter at The Club, whose wife has given him up for the moment, and is off talking to Mrs. Hastings, while he drains his cup in solitude, and probably wishes he could smoke. Here is V , famous for bis study of ethnical blends, who stares at the ceiling, and blushes when a tea-pourer addresses him. And here and there are people who in- quire "Where is the Great Man," and who ask in vain. . . . The Great Man has a dispensation to shirk receptions Oh, well, it is the wives who have the most fun. Aside from departmental parties, they don't see each other much ; and perhaps they get tired of talking to the same depart ment wives. Now they are cheered up, seeing "the family" ali on parade, and feel ing themselves of it. And they chatter : "Our coal bill is something terrine." "We're trying coke, and it works fairly a "Yes, Teddy had his operation. The poor little fellow is awfully brave." "As Mrs. McCormick said to me, the right way to handle the shut-in problem is- " "He brought some wonderful specimens, he says; but hee utterly worn out." "Now I think that a complete survey of this ward is the only way. The committeee report " "Some place for the neighborhood boys to play » "Have you heard that Mr. Doane is to be made chairman of the department?" "Excuse me, Mrs. Hastings; I mistook you for someone else." Look at them: They are "serious" women, largely, who, living in the shadow of effective husbands, are full of vague am- bitions to "accomplish something" them selves. If they cannot shine in art or litera- ture, it becomes naturai for them to go in for politics or welfare work. The Uni versity has its strong altruistic side, anyhow ; charity flourishes on the Summit. These women keep the ball rolling in many a League and Guild. Give one a committee- ship, and she will work hard at it. Some even make better speeches than the women of Down There. This, too, is naturai. 5. Nevertheless, when some notable event arose above the level normal sweep of the Universitye activities, the faculty wives be came absorbed in it to the exclusion of everything outside. The Presidente reception during the Lowlandere sojourn was better attended than ever, and the gossip over the tea-cups was concentrated and intense. A tremendous rumor had been born. It was said that someone had given the Uni versity a million ! The story flew up and down stairs along with arrivals passing to and from the cloak- rooms. It sped among the groups waiting to present themselves to the President and his wife. It buzzed directly behind the backs of that busy pair. In the dining- room, it was conveyed from ear to ear, whisperingly, and with facial disclosures of delight. Now there had been millions given to the University ere this. Funds had rained upon it now and then ; buildings had risen rapidly. But for quite a while there had been missing that thrill which runs through the quad- rangles when a cornucopia is emptied therein. Here it was at last. A glorious rumor, like a Brazilian butterfly, had alighted in the quadrangles like an augur and like a confirmation. Whence did the news come? In the dining-room, amid the clink of the Presi dente tea-cups, it was said that high au- thority (not specified) had released this news. 152 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE "I heard it at The Club," said one scientist to another. "Ite a fact, they teli me." "But whoe the donor?" "Oh, they're keeping that to themselves. Most likely announce it at the end of the term." A faculty wife to another faculty wife: "Ite not for salaries, they say. Fm told it'll go into the building fund." "Do you think so?" ruefully; then, en- thusiastically : "But what a great thing, anyhow^-just at this time." The President was surrounded by guests who yearned to ask him about the beauti ful legend, who studied his benign face for a symptom of unusual joy. Nothing to be read there. No one with hardihood enough to ask him. In a lull, toward the dose of the recep tion, the chief of the board of trustees was seen to whisper in the Presidente ear. They were dose together for a moment, the dark head and the gray one. It seemed very significant. The rumor acquired a new pair of boots . . . Indeed, there might be a second million. But the stronger the tendency to speed Two buildings were dedicated on De- cember lóth and I7th, the Social Science building and the George Herbert Jones Chemistry Laboratory. The concomitant celebrations, quite thoroughly complete in themselves, preceded the I58th Convocation on December i8th, at which seven honorary degrees and 278 academic degrees were conferred. m President Hutchins announced that the University had received gifts during the fall quarter totalling $3,920,000. Of those not described at the time of acceptance by the Board of Trustees, the following four the wings of rumor, the more discreet must be those who control the information. In deed, to make announcement of great news to such a family, to release it at just the right time and place, is an art in itself. Let a mistake be made, and golden freight on the way toward a University has been known to run down a side track. Perhaps it was even a reminder of this that the trustees* chairman was whispering to the President. 6. But what a night! Never, thought the faculty men and women, had the great house glowed with such rich warmth; never had the newf alien snow so sparkled under the electric arcs without. Never had the sparse twinkling lights in the laboratories so implied content, or the mighty grey buildings reared them selves so nobly. From the student club house, coming through Gothic windows aflame, the shud- dering rhythms of a jazz band were borne, half smothered, into the bosom of evening. A young "faculty wife" made dance steps in the snow. are outstanding : $50,000 from a donor who preferred to remain anonymous, the income of the fund to be used toward increasing the salaries of especially competent teachers in the undergraduate colleges; $50,000 from John D. Rockefeller to the endow- ment of the Ernest DeWitt Burton Me- morial Professorship ; $50,000 from the Rockefeller Foundation to support work in comparative philology under the direction of Professor Buck; and $50,000 from another anonymous donor to start the building of a fund for a purpose to be decided upon by him at a later date. The December Convocation BOOKc/j One of Our Blessings cHow to Be a Hermit!' by Will Guppy, '07, A.M. Horace Liveright, New York City, $2.00. '14. ONCE in a while a really funny book happens, one that pleases even those who don't like funny books. "How to Be a Hermit," is this yeare blessing. It is the story of Will Cuppye Ione life on Jonese (pronounced Jonesez) island. The home life of one of New Yorke most amusing reviewers and quipsters was characterized by a grandi ose lack of what the world at large calls comfort and a grand collection of reci- pes for living from can to mouth, of friendships with the fauna of the island (there being a remarkable lack of flora ac- cording to the hermit) and general joy in the business of living hiding under a good, sarcastic pen. There are two earnest discussions be- tween the author and Isabel Paterson about spinach prò and con, and reflections on the importance of being furnaced. "The her- mite life's the life for me" is the theme song of the book, and it probably will scatter many homes to the winds when men realize that home work is a good deal easier on an island by oneself than working violently at an office ali day in order to be able to have a home where, even if he doesn't have to fuel the furnace or fix the bathroom radi- ator, the only good his resting does is to make it possible for him to go back to the office where he can work violently ali day in order to have a home, etc, ad lib. Avail- able islands probably will ali go into the hands of the realtors, and be staked out in hermit lots. Fanny Butcher, 'io Courtesy of the Chicago Tribune. A Useful Book for the Business Man' volume for the business mane library. It is almost encyclopedic in character, a pon- derous book of 1116 pages. The materials presented in the text are certainly not of the traditional type which one finds in ordinary texts on business law. The general organi- zation of the book follows the functional organization of the school of Commerce and Administration of the University of Chi cago and evidences the type of curriculum material which is being offered in one basic field in that School. Law is one of those pervasive elements *A Textbook on Law and Business by William H. Spencer, Dean of the College of Commerce and Administration: University of Chicago Press, $6.00. THE BUSINESS man is frequently conce rned about educating himself. Extension courses of various sorts are available in many instances, but perhaps a more hopeful avenue is that of text ma terial which holds in convenient compass and is prepared in readable form so that the lay business man with relatively little pro fessional training may get a background in those fields which his previous formai -education has overlooked. Such is Dean Spencere "A Textbook of Law and Busi ness." This book ought to prove a useful 153 154 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE which underlie the whole business structure in ali its phases. Hence, this book is con- cerned with law in relation to finance, in relation to the business unit, in relation to marketing, and other phases such as regula- tion of Utilities, the relationship of govern- ment to business, control of trusts and monopolies. A textbook of this type lacks some of the detailed content which is found in extensive legai treatises and case-books and yet has avoided the oversimplification which is so characteristic of secondary school texts and a few junior college law manuals. In view of the paucity of case material and legai reasoning so characteristic of second ary school texts, this volume should prove useful as a survey of law for the business man as well as for students in schools of commerce, at the University of Chicago, and elsewhere. Harold G. Shields. *V An Outstanding Business Book* Ghosen by the Business Book League LEVERETT S. LYON, 'io, Ph.D. '21, a takes the business phrase of hand-to- mouth buying, interprets it in terms of its broader implications, and presents for the first time an extensive examination of the trade statistics which bear on the problems implied in that phase. The data of govern- ment agencies and trade associations have been supplemented by the records of out standing individuai businesses. Without assuming that common beliefs concerning trade practices are sound or otherwise, extensive evidence on advance order ing is examined. Conclusions are made as to the extent to which American manufacturers and merchants can pre-plan their production programs on the basis of orders received in advance. The changing size of orders and ship- ments in American trade is considered and estimates, as to the probable changed costs resulting from changed sizes, are made for certain industries. The methods used by business men in meeting added costs result ing from small orders are set out in detail and the incidence of small order costs con sidered. That in certain industries, at least, the past few years have constituted a large order as well as a small order era is one conclu- sion quite out of line with general notions. The relationship of stocks and inven- tories to hand-to-mouth buying is next con sidered and the ratio of stocks to business done by manufacturers, wholesalers, and retailers for a long series of years is clearly presented by means of charts as well as by discussion. Are orders tending to flow in more uni- formly through the year? Are shipments becoming less or more seasonal, or is no change occurring? Do the stocks of raw materials and finished goods held fluctuate more or less than has been the case in earlier years? Extensive data hearing on these questions have been analyzed and the results of the study presented in a series of simple charts. A final section of the book considers the probable trends of so called hand-to-mouth buying. The buying and selling practices of certain industries are examined for a period extending back to the Civil War and that record used to throw light on the future. In considering current forces at work the significance of buyers* attitudes, price movements, fashion changes, simplifi- cation and the advances of communication and transportation ali come up for con- sideration and appraisal. *Hand-to-Mouth Buying, By Leverett S. Lyon; The Brookings Institution, Washington, D. C; $4.00. in in v opinion By Fred B. Millett, Assistant Professor of English. IT IS an honored precept of criticai pro cedure that one should try to discover what an author is attempting to do and how he proposes to do it. Such a proc- ess when applied to Ernest Hemingwaye Farewell to Arms brings results illumina tive of his gifts and limitations and helpful in gauging the significance of his achieve- ments. Hemingwaye dominant purpose in ali his work seems to be the telling of his story with the strongest possible effects of im- mediacy and actuality. He aims to bring the reader into the closest contact with what happened, to render the story through an assault upon ali the senses. His ideal is bare and unadorned objectivity. In A Fare well to Arms he attempts to secure this effect of objectivity through the subjective method of orai narration. Of the style of orai narration, Heming way is an absolute master. He is in com plete control of the resources of colloquiai American. In the most elaborate descrip- tive and narrative passages in this novel, there is hardly a departure from the level of uncultivated American speech. Hitherto, Hemingway has demonstrated his powers in setting down the unabashedly coarse or diffident talk of men without women; in this novel, he shows an equal dexterity in the talk of man and woman, of a man and a woman in love. Implicit in his use of orai narration is his skilful suggestion of the personalities who speak and of their sensory and affective interactions. By it he is also able to create very strong effects of chaotic incident, whether it be the confused and wavering reality of a drunken brawl or the panorama of the immeasurable and hopeless confusions of the Caporetto retreat, surely an even more powerful piece of nar rative than the Spanish passages in The Sun Also Rises. But the method of orai narration as practised by Hemingway has both intrinsic and extrinsic limitations. Its major in trinsic limitation is the necessity.of preserv- ing the quality of the colloquiai. In A Farewell to Arms, the repeated linking of assertions by the elementary connective and frequently reminds one of unskilful under- graduate accounts of My Summer Holiday or the Most Exciting Experience of My Life. "It carne very fast and then every thing went gray and the sky was covered and the cloud carne down the mountain and suddenly we were in it and it was snow." Except for a freshness of phrasing denied most undergraduates, this sentence is horri- fyingly fiat and tedious. Moreover, experi ence is always more uneven, more shaded, that the dead level of this sentence would suggest. The method of orai narration does not stand Hemingway in very good stead in the depiction of setting, for which not only sharpness of detail but lucidity of design is necessary. The telling details which Hemingway furnishes, the reader must piece together. The comparative ineffec- tiveness of this procedure may be illustrated by the following passage : "The road was crowded and there were screens of corn-stalk and Straw matting on both sides so that it was like the entrance at a circus or a native village. We drove slowly in this matting-covered tunnel and carne out onto a bare cleared space where the railway station had been. The road here was below the level of the river bank and ali along the side of the sunken road there were holes in the bank with infantry in them. The sun was going down and 155 i56 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE looking up along the bank as we drove I saw the Austrian observation balloons above the hills on the other side dark against the sunset. We parked the cars beyond a brick- yard. The ovens and some deep holes had been equipped as dressing stations." A more important restriction upon the effectiveness of orai narration arises from Hemingwaye choice of his narrator. Con rad has shown that it is possible to achieve great subtlety by allowing a narrator like Marlow ta-embroider the basic narrative with a profusion of reminiscence, analysis, and reflection. But Hemingway, to pre serve the precious quality of immediacy, has chosen as his narrator (and incidentally his hero) what a London reviewer has called "an extravert of extraverts." The life of the American lieutenant, Frederic Henry, is a life of the senses and unana- lyzed feelings, a life almost entirely devoid of rich or complex emotions, of thoughtful analysis or synthesis. The deliberate ex- clusion of these elements has the most serious consequences for Hemingwaye artistry and its significance. For the sake of immediacy and actuality, he has sacri- ficed even the unconscious and inevitable syntheses which the simplest personality achieves of the individuals nearest it. This sacrifice deprives his characters of their pasts; it reduces their representation to the more elementary acts and speeches; it throws upon the reader the entire burden of composing the character out of the meager objective materials Hemingway tenders him. The not unimportant consequence is that we are not interested in Hemingwaye characters as human beings. As Lieutenant Henry talks on and on, and we get to know him better and better, we discover that there is nothing in him worth knowing. He is a burnished shell without a kernel. The characterization is strictly two-dimensional, and a character with no depth is not a significant character. That the charac terization of the heroine, Catherine Bark- ley, is an even completer failure, is almost inevitable. Hemingway refuses to permit his hero to think about her, to analyze her, to synthesize his impressions of her. The only persistent notes in his characterization of her are her beautiful hair and her total lack of inhibitions. The result is perhaps an engrossing animai; it is certainly not a human being. This wilful refusai to characterize pre- vents the book from having its legitimate and intended tragic effect. Even trivial personalities crushed by an overwhelming force may evoke a genuinely tragic emotion. But the effect of Hemingwaye brilliant narrative of Catherinee death in childbed is merely a shock to the nerves ; it does not touch the emotions. It is shocking because the victim is something alive, not because she is human and a woman. It cannot touch the emotions because Hemingway re fuses his creatures their human right to emotions except on the sensory level, to any values above the most primitive. The most talented young writer in Amer ica has been beguiled by the current vogue of the hard-boiled, for it is absurd to con- tend that Hemingway is as hard-boiled as his writing. He is a gentleman from Oak Park putting up an awful struggle to seem callous. If only he will drop this adoles- cent pose, he will write fiction that is more than brilliant, fiction that represents human life and destiny significantly. NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES .By John P. Howe, '27 The Department of Publicity ALBERT A. MICHELSON, whose name, without academic prefixing and with titles appendectomized, means "science" to every literate person in the country, will retire from the University at the end of the school year with thirty-eight years of service to his credit, his life an important part of the University^ history from the beginning. Having undergone two operations and an intervening attack of pneumonia during the past few months, and having reached his 77th birthday on December I9th, Professor Michelson felt that he was no longer able to continue in full service as Chairman of the Physics Department. He plans to leave for Bermuda as soon as the state of his convalescence warrants. Retirement to him means anything but the end of experimenting. He timed the speed of light more accurately than it had ever been timed before while he was a fledgling instructor at Annapolis, and for f orty years he has harried the difficult figure until it has been revealed as 186,284 miles a second, accurate to within a fraction of a mile, and believed to be the maximum velocity attainable in our universe. That figure represents the docking of a beam racing eighty miles between two mountain- tops. Might atmospheric conditions have in- fluenced the experiment ever so slightly be- yond the calculations ? Might the geodetic measurements have been a few feet off? A mild and speculative perhaps. Lete check it again. Last summer Professor Michel son superintended the laying of an exactly- one-mile-long pipe-line on a ranch near Santa Ana, California. The air will be exhausted from that pipe, the mirrors and interf erometer set up at each end ; and this summer Dr. Michelson will reflect a beam on a ten-mile journey through the vacuum. He doesn't expect any revision of his former conclusion will be necessary. But ite a check. If honors formally conferred mean much Michelson has set some sort of mark. Copley, Cresson, Rumford, Mattenci, Draper, and Franklin medals, Grand Prix, Nobel Prize, nine honorary degrees, Fellow of the Royal Society, first Distinguished Professor at the University, member of twenty-four learned societies. Achieve- ments in the field of optics which will make his name memorable as long as men are interested in the exact world around them. Thirty-eight years as head of one of the most fruitful University departments in the land. Another sort of record in versatility, as artist, violinist, chess and bil- liard and tennis player. And stili another record in quiet graciousness. When Michelson becomes emeritus, the ranks of those pioneer faculty members who carne in 1892 and are stili teaching will have been reduced to eight. "What has Dempster done?" Outside Ryerson, no one quite knows. Inside Ryer- son, Professor Arthur H. Dempster has rocked the environment with an experiment which Dean Gale describes tersely as "beautiful.", At its barest, the result of Dempstere work is this: hydrogen protons have wave properties. The "things" in the material universe can be reduced to three, Professor Compton said recently: the electron, forming the arms of the atom; the photon, a bundle of radi- ation, the life of the atom ; and the proton, the heart or nucleus of the atom. A scientific Trinity, so to speak. Physicists three decades ago were in- clined to think that light (which is made 157 158 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE up of photons) is simply a wave-form, as indicated by the phenomena of interference and diffraction. They thought of electrons and protons differently, as having mass and momentum. Ali very true as far as it goes, these newer findings admit. The quantum theory, however, rising out of one of Ein- steine postulations, would indicate that light photons have quantity as well as vibration, that they are in the usuai sense "materia^." Compton clinches that with his demòhstration of the rebounding elec tron, for which he receives the Nobel Prize. Then comes the discovery, by a pair of researchers at the Bell Laboratories, Davis- son and Germer, that electrons vibrate in their planet-like circling of the atom nucleus. Compton shot X-Ray photons through his apparatus and showed that the "waves" were also "corpuscles" or particles. The Bell men shot electron "corpuscles" through crystals and found that they were also "waves," that they vibrate. Now comes Dempster showing that the proton, the nucleus itself, which has nearly ali the mass of the atom and around which the electrons revolve, also has wave prop- erties. Thus it appears that everything in the physical cosmos is at once matter and vibration. The way in which these two anomalous factors are to be harmonized is as yet very dark. But Dempster has given a certain unity to the darkness. So far his announced results have had to do only with hydrogen atoms, comparatively simple mechanisms in which one electron circulates around one proton. Now he is applying the method to helium, the next most simple and universal in the long and complex array of the elements. Bacteriologists have been trying for a long time to find the germ responsible for influenza. No need to say why. December I2th Professor Isidore S. Falk, on the ève of his departure to assume the associate di- rectorate of the Committee on the Cost of Medicai care at Washington, reported, in the cold polysyllables of science, a series of observations and experiments made in Ricketts Laboratory on the etiology of colds and influenza. The Bacteriology Club listened pretty raptly, though some fifteen of them had assisted in the work. The micro-organism which caused the influenza epidemie of 1928 had been dis- covered and isolated, it appeared. There was every reason to suspect that the germ was "the" germ of influenza. Of course the experiments would have to be repeated by other investigators before the discovery could be finally verified. Attempts were being made to prepare a vaccine of dead microbes for inoculation against the disease. So went the report. If, as and when verified, the discovery promises to be one of the most imposing in the Universitye history. At the height of the 1928 epidemie — December I2th — Dr. Falk mobilized his resources for an effort to search out the bug before the disease ran its course. Exactly one year later the an- nouncement was made. In that time 3,800 germs were isolated, 125 monkeys were used and eighteen people engaged in the effort, ali of whom contracted the disease at one time or another. The germ finally indicted and convicted on a strong outlay of evidence, was taken from the blood of Miss Ruth McKinney, one of the assistants, on a midnight late in December of 1928, as she began to complain of illness after a hard day in the laboratory. At that time the germ was labelled simply "42x", germ "x" in culture 42. But now "42x" is a legend in Ricketts. With it Dr. Falk and his assistants have been able to reproduce influenza in healthy monkeys at will — or at least a disease re- sembling human influenza in practically every symptom. They have further dis- covered that "42x", a form of pleomorphic streptococcus, is virulent only when its colonies have a rough, porous surface; and that when its colonies become less rough, they can produce the common cold, in at least one form; and that the very-smooth- surfaced forms of the germ can be present without harm in the normal throat. The workers are now able to change a strain of the coccus from virulent to non-virulent form and back again at will, by selective breeding in the laboratory. NEWS OF THE QUADRANGLES 159 There is no space here to present the confirmatory evidence to the general testi- mony of "reproducing the disease." Scien- tists are hesitant about proclaiming so great a "find" until it has been repeated else- where. But if the discovery is verified, and if further work follows the precedent set in other disease isolations, then much more than half the battle to check the ravages of influenza has been won at the University of Chicago. » w w What does a holiday mean to a scholar? Nothing but a chance to talk scholarship. Well over one hundred members of the faculty spent the Christmas vacation repre- senting the University and themselves at the various academic congresses through- out the country. Chicago men presided over three of the most important meetings: Professor Ogburn (who with Dr. Merriam is on Mr. H 00 ver e new five-man com- mittee for a social survey of the States) as president of the American Sociological Association, meeting at Washington; Pro fessor William A. Nitze as president of the Modem Languages Association in session at Columbus, Ohio ; and Dean Henry G. Gale as president of the American Physical So ciety, convening at Des Moines. Some fifty attended the big meeting of the American Association for the Advance- ment of Science at Des Moines, among them Dr. Frank Lillie and Dr. Warder C. Allee of the Zoòlogy Department, the former as the general secretary of the As sociation and the latter as the president of the Ecological Society. Dr. Fay-Cooper Cole addressed the anthropologists there assembled, as their retiring head. With the fossil remains of several hun dred reptilian creatures which had died bogged in the mud of South Africa, as trophies of research in strata more than one hundred million years old, Professor Alfred S. Romer and Paul C. Miller, curators of Walker Museum, returned from the Karroo semi-desert in time for the bliz- zard and Christmas. Five tons of pre- mammalian fossils, some of them types which have never been mounted in the United States, was the fruit of nine months of expeditionary fervor in what the two- man party discovered to be one of the richest deposits of Permians anywhere. Miller, regarded as the "best scientific digger" anywhere, has spent twenty-one summers combing the Permian strata of the United States. When the South African material is dissevered tenderly from its sur- rounding stone, the University will have undisputed claim to the most extensive col- lection of permian fossils in the whole wide world. The pre-mammalian chapter is now the sketchiest in the whole story of animai evolution. Two of the prizes are complete pareias- auri, which looked like horned toads but weighed a ton when they lived. "We dis covered another set of bones," says Pro fessor Romer, "in the Gouph — which is a hottentot word meaning 'desolate country' ; giant headed reptiles. Above their eyes the skull is usually swollen in very highbrow fashion. But despite their intellectual ap- pearance it must be said that the swelling consists entirely of bone and their brains were probably no làrger than a mane thumb." ^ « « Professor James Henry Breasted, Di rector of the Orientai Institute and Chair- man of the Department of Orientai Lan guages and Literature at the University of Chicago, has been elected a member of the Egyptian Dictionary Commission. He is the first foreign scholar so honored. Thirty- three years ago the German Emperor pro- vided funds for a commission of the four scientific academies of Germany for the compilation of a great Egyptian JDictionary. The work has been completed, and the first three volumes and half of the fourth are already off the press. It will require several years to complete publication, which is being financed by Mr. John D. Rockefeller Jr. Professor Breasted collaborated on the work on the Dictionary for some years. ALUMNI AFFAI R S Atlantic City The University of Chicago Dinner which is given each year at the time of the meet ing of the JDepartment of Superintendence of the National Education Association will be held at the Dennis Hotel, Atlantic City, New Jersey, at six o'clock on the evening of Wednesday, February 26, 1930. The price will be $3.00 per piate and tickets may be secured from Dean William S. Gray. Grand Rapids PAUL P. ROHNS, '09, the vice-presi- dent of the University of Chicago Club of Grand Rapids, writes us, under date of December 6: " 'The Old Man' proved to be a wonderful drawing card for our luncheon last Saturday. Twenty-two men were out to greet Mr. Stagg and several of them told me afterwards that it was the most interesting get-together they had at tended of the U. of C. men here. Mr. Stagg was in a wonderful mood and told us very informally many interesting things about recent and ancient happenings at the university. He even led off in singing some of the old and new songs, some of which were familiar but most of which were not so well known to those of us who have not had the opportunity of recent contact with the quadrangles. This luncheon for Mr. Stagg was in the nature of an experiment because it had to be arranged on such short notice. However, it is an experiment worth repeating." Cleveland AT their annual meeting in November XjLthe University of Chicago Club of Cleveland re-elected the following officers : President, Dr. W. G. Trautman; Vice- President, May Hill; Treasurer, Arthur W. Howard; Secretary, Anna H. Blake. Los Angeles On Friday, December I3th, Dr. Fred Speik, '05 gave a dinner at the University Club in Los Angeles in honor of Judge Walter Steffen, '09 ; Coach of the Carnegie Tech Football Team which played the Uni versity of Southern California the next day. There were present the following Chicago men, most of whom are renowned for their football prowess in past days at the Uni versity : Dr. Fred Speik, '05; Judge Walter Steffen, '09; Art Badenock, '08; Herbert Ahlswede, '99 ; Billy Eldredge, '05 ; Dr. Harry Schott, '09; Dan Ferguson, '09; Norman Barker, '08; Dr. Norman Paine, '13; Dr. John Vruwink, '14; Dr. Eric Larson, '17; Harold P. Huls, 17; and Messrs. Radford, Harwood and Brown. Reminiscences of famous old football games and plays were indulged in by the members of by-gone teams, after which Judge Steffen was guest of honor at a smoker at the University of Southern Cali fornia. The Band Will Play Ali alumni who have enjoyed the fall football band will be more than casually interested in the announcement of the first concert of the University of Chicago Con cert Band. This band of thirty-five pieces is the cream of the hundred-piece band of the football season, which will explain the versatility of this musical organization in concert appearance. From jazz to classic and back while you wait; from four-part male chorus singing to the latest college patter just for fun and harmony. The date — February 14A (St. Valentine in person) at 8 P. M. The place — Man- dei Hall on the campus. 160 e^jt By William V. Morgenstern, '20, J.D. '22 SOME correspondence that recently passed between an alumnus in Okla homa and Dr. Jerome Fisher, of both the departments of geology and athletics, would seem to indicate that when the alumni be come vocal about the athletic situation at alma mater, they reveal a distressing lack of information. The list of questions pro- pounded by the locai committee of alumni last Spring, a list compiled as representa- tive of the sort of questions ali athletically interested alumni wanted answered, in- volved many assumptions completely wrong. Apparently, the Presidente News Letter, the various other special bulletins, the Alumni Magazine, and even the sports sheets of the newspapers go unread. But to get back to the alumnus in Okla homa. Why, he wanted to know, did loyal graduates have to be in the position of apologizing constantly for Chicago teams? He cited Harvard, Princeton, and Johns Hopkins, as institutions of higher education which not only had excellent scholastic standing, but equally excellent football and general athletic prestige. This letter was written two days after the Maroon team had demonstrated a rather convincing superiority over Princeton in football. The statement that Johns Hop kins is renowned for athletic achievement is somewhat curious, but waiving that, as well as debate as to the relative athletic rating of Harvard and Chicago, lete make a brief survey of the situation at Chicago. The statement made last year that the cycle would not turn definitely upward for three years stili holds good. Football pros- pects for next year are better than they. were for the past season; the track team will be a serious contender in the champion- ship meets, and will continue to improve because of the excellent freshman material. The basketball team is stili outclassed ; the swimming team, losing two of its best men, one through an in jury received this summer, and another because of the offer of an un- usual position, will be weak. So despite the improvement in football and track, there is no immediate athletic renaissance probable. But everything indicates that the graduai improvement which started last year is continuing. There is now no reason for misapprehension as to the future of the colleges; it has been forcibly and definitely declared by President Hutchins and others that the undergraduate colleges here are to have the best teachers obtainable for the best students to be found, and a curriculum intelligently adjusted to the needs of the individuai. Work will be under way soon on the new $3,000,000 dormi tories. That means a larger group of students living on the Quadrangles, and more actively inter ested in the life of the University, including athletics. A modem field house has been promised for the near future. The lack of a field house has not only handicapped the activities of ali teams, but has kept many a high school athlete, with somewhat ex- travagant notions of the setting proper for his display, from entering the University. Further, the emphasis which alumni and others not so disinterested have been putting on those "scholastic standards," is producing a beneficent repercussion. Parents and even prospective students are entertaining the belief that after ali it might be well to at- tend a college which has such a distinction. There has been little difficulty with in- eligibility lately; a student and an athlete 161 i6a THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE good enough to meet the entrance require- ments is usually good enough to stay eligible. Incidentally, nimble wit is as valuable in sport these days as nimble feet. The position in which Iowa found it- self in relation to the conference is likely to act as a deterrent to the overenthusiastic persuasion of high school athletes by some of the institutions which Chicago has on ils schedules. Choice of colleges, it may be hoped, will be influenced less by pressures to whicrrChicago has not resorted. The University has suffered from such com- petition, and the more completely such methods are suppressed the more our po sition will be improved. The fact remains that Chicago at its best cannot consistently win championships in a league as tough as is the conference. Nu- merically the student body from which it draws teams will be outnumbered and the law of percentages operates there. But it will* not require very much addition to the present material to make Chicago teams formidable. A very few individuai made the difference last season between the bad football record that was expected, and the rather satisfactory one that was produced. Six more run-of-the-mine football players would have made the Maroon team an astounding success. When the margin is as dose as that, there is no reason to be de- spondent. Within recent weeks there has been testi- mony of the most convincing kind that Chicago athletic prestige is not quite as poor as some of the alumni fear. Mr. Stagg was* offered numerous football games with prominent teams, including a home-and- home series with one of the major univer sities of the Pacific Coast. It might be argued that there was guile in ali this, and that the prospective opponents were looking for a victim, except that the dates tendered were not those ordinarily given a trial horse. Theree stili hope in these western skies. CHICAGO'S basketball team does not look like a serious threat in the Big Ten. So far, it has beaten Lake Forest and Carleton and lost to Oberlin and Butler. At forward, Capt. Harry Chang- non, the only letterman ; Sidney Yates, and Paul Stephenson, are the best. Yates and Stephenson are almost too small for the conference. Jonathan Bunge and Harold Boesel are the center candidates ; so far they have not been very effective. Changnon, despite lack of height, may be shifted to the position. The guards include Joe Tempie, Marshall Fish, Kenneth Fraider, and Harry Ashley. Ashley, added at the end of the quarter, has made a noticeable dif ference in the floor game. « W «f The track team is not numerically large, a handicap in dual competition, but it promises to be stronger in the big meets than last year. Root and East are good sprinters; Haydon, indoor champion and record holder, and Black, a sophomore, are fine hurdlers; Schulz and Hathaway are good enough quarter milers to be in the money; Letts is a brilliant half miler and miler; Brainerd and Kelly are useful two milers. Cowley in the pole vault will do n feet, place performance in dual meets; Cassie might make 6 feet in the high jump ; Weaver is as good as any shot putter in the country, if his hands, sprained in football, can bé healed, and Reiwitch promises to come through handsomely in the same event. « W » The 1930 football schedule is an attrac- tive, as well as ' difficult, arrangement. There are three interesting intersectional games, with Princetone appearance here as the leading item. Michigan and Chicago resumé an old rivalry, closing the season at Ann ' Arbor. The dates and games : Oct. 4 — Doubleheader ; Hillsdale and Ripon at Chicago; Oct. 11 — Wisconsin at Madison; Oct. 18 — Florida at Chicago; Oct. 25 — Mississippi at Chicago ; Nov. 1 — Princeton at Chicago; Nov. 8 — Purdue at Chicago; Nov. 15 — Illinois at Chicago; Nov. 22 — Chicago at Michigan. NEWS OFTHE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONS College '04 — James W. Lawrie, Ph.D. '07, former chief chemist for the International Harvester Company, the Pullman Com pany, and more recently in charge of or- ganic and bacteriological research for the du Ponts, has established his own laboratoiy in Memphis, Tennessee, where among other things he conducts ali laboratory research for the E. L. Bruce Lumber Company, of which C. Arthur Bruce, '06, is Executive Vice-President. ex '04 — Lumen H. Macomber is located in Washington, D. C, where he is Attor- ney-Examiner for the Interstate Commerce Commission, with offices in the I. C. C. Building. '05 — Lee W. Maxwell has been presi dent of the Crowell Publishing Company for the past six years. His office is in New York City, his home in Greenwich, Con necticut. '05 — Fred A. Speik practices medicine in Los Angeles, with offices in the Auditorium Building. '06 — C. Arthur Bruce, vice-president of the E. L. Bruce Company, Memphis, Ten nessee, was one of the two hundred indus triai leaders invited by the National Cham- ber of Commerce to attend the general in dustriai conference in Washington early in December. '06 — Charles J. Webb, J.D. '07, is a practicing attorney of Spokane, and is ac- tive in locai civic and politicai affairs. '06 — Margaret Young Jones is teaching history and Latin at Howe School, Howe, Indiana. '06 — In December forty-seven students, one from each high school in Chicago, were awarded the Julius Rosènwald medal for exceptional ability in leadership. From this group the three leaders — chosen by com petitive examination — were awarded schol arships at the University of Chicago. Among the three who were awarded schol- arship honors was Slava Sara Doseff of Austin High School, a daughter of Dr. Dosu Doseff, S.B. '06, M.D. '09, and a niece of Ivan Doseff, '07. Slavae mother is a graduate of the Illinois Training School for nurses recently affiliated by the Uni versity. 'io — Margaretta M. Brown has returned to her home, 1521 East Ó5th Street, Chi cago, after a prolonged trip around the world. '12 — Milton E. Robinson Jr., of the Milton E. Robinson Goal Company, Chi cago, and a member of the Alumni Council, is at the same time president of the National Retail Coal Merchants' Association and in that capacity was a representative at the December gathering of industriai leaders in Washington, called by the National Board of Commerce. '13 — W. Varner Bowers is now con- nected with the Butterick Publishing Com pany, Graybar Building, New York City. For the information of interested alumnae we would announce that he is not respon sive for the far-famed Butterick patterns. He is in charge of "Food Products" ad vertising in The Delineator, '14— Julius V. Kuhinka, A.M. '16, is Professor of English at Loyola University, and heads the Department of English in the Chicago College of Dentai Surgery. 5i5 — Helen L. Drew, A.M., is head of the Department of English at Rockford College, Rockford, Illinois. '16 — Claude L. Williams, A.M., is prin- cipal of the Hookway Public School, Chi cago. '16 — Dr. Jay McKinley Garner and Mrs. Garner (Katherine Rogers) '16, are spending the winter abroad. 163 164 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE '19 — Mrs. L. C. Monroe (Constance Bruce) is living at 6921 Crandon Avenue, Chicago. '20— H. Councill Trenholm, A.M. '25, is president of the State Teachers College, Montgomery, Alabama. He was married during the past summer to Miss Portia Lee Evans. '20— Mrs. A. O. Wiese (Mildred Janowsky) has recently moved to 144 Ron- bury Road, Garden City, Long Island. '20 — Chester E. McKittrick is manager of the Eastern advertising office of the Chi cago Tribune, New York City. '21 — Howard K. Beale is Assistant Pro fessor of History at Bowdoin College — home address, 17 Cleaveland Street, Bruns wick, Maine. '21 — Merle Emorette Irwin is now voca- tional adviser at the Lindbloom High School, Chicago. Address: 403 North Ridgeland Avenue. '21- — F. Taylor Gurney is Professor of Chemistry and head of the department, American College, Teheran, Persia. '22 — Elinor R. Deutsch is studying psy- chology at the University of Vienna. '23 — Charlotte K. Fusold teaches Eng lish in the Cari Schurz High School, Chicago. '23 — Frances E. Andrews was married on October 1 1 to Urban J. Mullen. They are living at 5442 Harper Avenue, Chicago. '23 — Doris M. Strail is spending the fall and winter abroad. At last report she was in Paris. '23— Mr. and Mrs. Wallace E. Bates are living at 19 West lóth Street, New York City. Mr. Bates is with the Eastern advertising office of the Chicago Tribune. Edward A. Tanner, '23, is also connected with this office. '23 — William R. Mandelcorn has been appointed executive secretary, Orlando (Florida) Realty Board. He is also busi ness manager of the Florida Realty Journal. '23 — Madeleine Sparkes is head of the English department, Riverside (New York) High School. '23 — Doris Strail is doing research work at Pasteur Institute, Paris. '23 — Soren K. Ostergaard has returned to Winnetka, Illinois, after five years in Oregon. He is special agent for the New York Life Insurance Company. '24— Mrs. Y. S. Huang (Lillian Mei) is teaching in Nankai Girls Middle School, Nankai University, Tientsin, China. '24 — Loeva Pierce is teaching mathe- matics in the Senior High School of San Angelo, Texas. '24 — G. Gordon Martin was appointed manager of the Altoona, Pennsylvania, branch of the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company. He accepted the position in spite of the fact that the Chicago Club of Detroit had elected him treasurer. '24 — Michael Greenebaum is superin- tendent of J. Gaskin and Sons, fur dressers and dyers of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. '24 — Mona Fletcher, A.M., is assistant professor of history and social science in the Kent State Normal College, Kent, Ohio. '24 — Leslie F. Kimmell has moved from Chicago to Laguna Beach, California, where he expects to take up the practice of law. 24 — Arthur C. Cody, secretary of the Cody Trust Company and president of the Chicago Alumni Club, has recently been made executive secretary of the Chicago Mortgage Bankers Association. '24 — Edward P. Westphal, A.M., on December 1 became director of Adult Re- ligious Education for the Board of Christ ian Education of the Presbyterian Church. His headquarters are in the Witherpsoon Building, Philadelphia. '25 — Mary R. Barnette is teaching eco- nomics and English in Hughes High School, Cincinnati, and writing for the magazines. Recent articles by her have been accepted by School Review and School and Society. '25 — Henry C. Witherington has re turned to Jackson, Tennessee, after a sum mer in graduate work at Peabody College. He holds the position of associate professor of Education at Union University. '25 — Malvern R. Nettleton lives at 1746 Euclid Street, Washington, D. C. He is secretary to Senator Walcott of Con necticut. NEWS OF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONS 165 *25 — Lillian Robbins is head worker at the Hamilton Settlement House, New York City. '25 — Winifred Johnson is professor of History in the State Teachers College, Cape Girardeau, Missouri. '25 — Alexander Monto reports that the Cebu High School (Philippine Islands) of which he is principal has enrolled 4,390 stu dents. '25 — Frances J. Carter, for the last three years with the Readere Bureau of the Chicago Public Library, is àttending the graduate school of ^ Library Service at Columbia University. '25 — Gertrude Burns is conducting the Birmingham School of Childhood, Birming ham, Michigan. She may be addressed at 511 South Bates Street, Birmingham. '26 — Ercel L. Falkins is girls' counselor and Mathematics teacher, Pekin Commu nity High School, Pekin, Illinois. '26 — Arlee Nuser is supervisor of Ele- mentary Science, Fresno (California) High School. '26— M. Evelyn Turner teaches French at the Princeton (Illinois) High School. '26 — William A. Richards teaches Mathematics in Morton Junior College, Cicero, Illinois. '26 — Charles R. Norris is head of the Department of English and librarian of Howe Military Academy, Howe, Indiana. '26 — David Voss is assistant professor of Latin and Greek, Ohio Wesleyan Univer sity. '26 — Leu Mei Woo is teaching at the National High Normal University in Peip- ing, China. '27 — The Field Museum of Naturai His tory is exhibiting the collections resulting from the Crane Pacific Expedition. In- cluded in this exhibit is a remarkable series of sketches and paintings of land and marine animals as sketched from life in the many far places touched by the expedition during its voyage of 25,000 miles. The paintings are the work of Walter A. Weber, who ac- companied the expedition as artist and orni- thologist. '27 — John Marshall has returned to Chi cago after devoting two years to a de luxe vagabond tour of the world, without ex- penditure for transportation. John had ad- ventures galore, ali of which will be re- counted in the book that he will write the coming winter. '27 — Barbara Jean MacMillan is in- structpr in Spanish, Milwaukee-Downer College, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. '27 — Laura W. Dargin teaches English in the Iron Mountain (Michigan) High School. '27 — Allan C. Williams of the Univer- sitye Geography department is writing a book on the Geography of a Suit of Clothes. At present he is not in residence. 5 27 — Mrs. Beulah Tempie Wild is head of the Visiting Teacher department in Houston, Texas, public schools. '28 — Donald L. Simon is Superintendent of Schools, Griffith, Indiana. '28 — Charles A. Werner is principal of the new Eia Township High School at Lake Zurich, Illinois. '28 — Fred Von Ammon is with the Chicago Herald and Examiner in the Real Estate Display Advertising department. '28 — Ruth A. Moore is teaching in the high school of Box Elder, Montana. '28 — Ben A. Svila is now principal of the Washington Intermediate School, Chicago Heights, Illinois. '28 — Maxine Robinson is studying harp in Berlin. '28 — Nicholas M. Lattof is assistant general secretary at the Y.M.C.A. of Jerusalem, Palestine. '28 — Thomas C. Potter has left for a two years' training course at the U. S. Army Air School, Riverside, California. '28 — Bernice Boyd has sailed for Spain, where she will attend the University of Madrid for a year and complete her work in Spanish. '29 — Clarence A. Bacote is head of the History department and director of the Correspondence Division of the Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College. '29 — Marjorie H. Thurston is at present an instructor on the farm campus of the University of Minnesota. '29 — Dorothy B. Smith teaches in the Central High School of Tulsa, Oklahoma. i66 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE Rush '92 — S. C. Beach has resigned as Health Officer for the Illinois Central Railroad and has become Chief Industriai Physician for the State of Illinois and City of Chi cago. 'oo — E. B. McDaniel has been in charge of a leper clinic in Scritamarat, Siam, since 1922. This clinic, supplemented by a "home^ which was opened in 1927, has treated nearly five hundred lepers, of whom, according to Dr. McDaniel, there are some 20,000 cases in Siam. Up to the present time no cures can be reported, but in a large per cent of cases a marked improvement is noted and some cases are about ready for parole. Members of the Class of 1900 are contributing to a fund for the purchase of a new Ford ear to replace the old Ford (vin- tage of 1920) which has been used, with trailer attached, to transport hundreds of lepers, many of whom have lost part or ali of their toes, to and from the clinic. Should any members of the 1900 class or that of any year be desirous of contributing to this worthy cause they may forward their re- mittances in care of this Magazine. '16 — Leslie E. Luehrs is a practicing psychiatrist of New York City and Director of the Mental Hygiene Clinic, 105 East 22nd Street. '16 — E. K. Hallock specializes as an oculist with offices at 142 Joralemon Street, Brooklyn, New York. Ji6 — Phyllis Greenacre is Psychiatrist in the Department of Child Welfare, White Plains, New York. '17 — Raymond E. Davies has become associated with the Kirby Clinic at Spring Valley, Illinois. '18 — Florence Olive Austin is lecturing in Anatomy and studying for her Ph.D. in Education and Zoòlogy at the University of California. '19 — Harry J. Isaacs is Assistant Pro fessor of Medicine at Rush and attending physician at the Cook County and North Chicago Hospitals. '21 — Guy T. Hogt is in general practice at Roseville, Illinois. '21 — Walter H. Spoeneman is practicing in St. Louis, Missouri, office at 5031 North Kings Highway. '21 — The following members of the Class of 1921 are noted as faculty members of the Medicai Department of the University of Illinois : Abraham F. Lash, Harry Singer, Edward Foley, Francis Lederer. ,23— After a yeare residence in the Presbyterian Hospital of Chicago as resi- dent ophthalmologist there and assistant in the eye clinic at Rush Medicai College, Elmer A. Vorisek, '23, and Mrs. Vorisek (Matilda A. Pekny) '22, left Chicago in August, 1929, for their European trip. As they toured England, France, Switzer- land, Germany, Czechoslavakia and Austria Dr. Vorisek visited the important European eye clinics. He is now in Vienna where he is studying under the world famous opthal- mologist, Professor Adelbert Fuchs. His course there will continue for several months. Dr. Vorisek also plans to study in the clinics in Prague. '23 — Clarence E. Kjos has opened new offices in the Cobb Building, Seattle. His practice is limited to eye, ear, nose and throat. '23 — Ray M. Bowles is engaged in genitó-urinary surgery in Brooklyn, New York, where he is attending urologist at Coney Island Hospital and assistant at Long Island College Hospital. '24 — Joseph C. Stephenson is head of the Department of Anatomy in the School of Medicine of the University of Oklahoma, which has been moved from Norman to Oklahoma City. Mrs. Stephenson is the author of a new novel, "The French Doli, a Fantasy," published by Badger of Boston. '25 — Douglas B. Bell has moved from Moscow, Idaho, to Honolulu, T. H., where he is practicing medicine and surgery. He reports that L. G. Phillips, '24, is practic ing in Honolulu, that Howard Crawford, '24, is located at Kohala, Hawaii, and M. L. Madsen, '25, is in practice at Hana, Maui. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 167 Now First Published/ A Completely New Encyclopaedia Britannica NEW in pian and purppse — entirely recast from cover to cover — the new Fourteenth Edition of the Encyclo- paedia Britannica is ready.This is the superb "humanized" Britannica whìch has captured the attention of the whole civilized world. Three years of intensive effort — the co- operation of 3,500 of the world's foremost authorities — the expenditure of more than $2,000,000 before a single volume was printed — these are merely a few high lights in the preparation of the new Edition. Last Word in Encyclopaedia Perf ection This new Britannica immediately takes its place as the one pre-eminent j American work of reference — the last word in encyclopaedia perf ection. Never has there been assem- bled together in one enterprise such a wealth of learning. AH the universities, ali the learned professions, ali the great in dustries, ali the pastimes have contributed to the mighty sum. 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This feature alone marks a tre- mendous advance. Ali the world's treasures of art and photography have been laid under tribute to adorn and illuminate the text. "The most excit- ing book of the year," asserts a leading crit- ic, and the whole world is echoing that verdict. This is a Britannica year! Here is your opportunity to join the thou- sands who will buy this new edition, now, while it is new — fresh from the presses. You owe it to yourself to learn further details regarding this magnificent series of volumes. Extremely Low Price And due to the economies of mass production, the price is extremely low. Easy payments, if desired — a deposit of only $5 brings the com plete set with bookease table to your home. Send for FREE Booklet We have just prepared a handsome new 56- page booklet containing numerous color-plates, maps, etc, from the new edition and giving full information about it. We want you to have a copy free. The demand is great — you should act promptly if you are interested in owning a set of the first printing on the present favorable terms. Just fili in the handy coupon and mail it today. P ¦ 3 1 ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA, INC I 342 Madison Avenue. New York City UOM3-X1 ' Please send me by return mail, without any obligation on my part, your 56-page illustrated | booklet describing the new Fourteenth Edition i of the Britannica together -with full informa- | tion concerning bindings, low price offer and easy terms of payment. Name— I I MAIL this Coupon TODAY Lfe— — — — — iLaf^^riJ i68 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE '26 — William M. Swickard is practicing medicine and surgery at Charleston, Illi nois. '28 — A.. L. Williams is practicing medi cine at 3225 Lawrence Avenue, Chicago. He is on the staff of the Ravenswood Hos pital and an instructor at Loyola Medicai College. '28— Curtis Nelson is doing work in Vienna. He is accompanied by Mrs. Nel son. '28 — R. C. Hetherington is in practice at GenevS, Illinois, with offices in the Unity Building. '28— Herschel V. Soper has recently opened offices at 1770 North Vermont Ave nue, Hollywood, California, where he is in general practice. In the late summer the Commerce build ing was moved from its familiar position on the Chapel block to a new site just in the *rear of the University Press building, and opposite the Physiology building. Professor Lionel D.'Edie is on a year's leave of absence, working for the Investment Research Corporation of Detroit as business economist. Assistant Dean C. Rufus Rorem has re- signed to take charge of an accounting sur- vey for the National Committee on the Cost of Medicai Care. Chester F. Lay of the University of Texas has taken over Mr. Rorem's work in accounting. H. G. Shields has been appointed Assistant Dean. T. O. Yntema is on a year's leave of ab sence, teaching in the graduate school of business at Stanford University. He is expected to return to the School at the be ginning of the next school year. The School has started publication of a new series, "Studies in Business Administra tion." The first of these, "Capital, The Money Market, and Gold," by L. D. Edie, has met with considerable comment in fi- nancial and economie journals. The second, "An Appraisal of American Forecasting Agencies," by Garfield V. Cox, is now at press. Among recent business publications are '28 — J. Frank Pearcy, formerly with the Rockefeller Institute, has opened offices at 70 East 77th Street, New York City. '28 — I. M. Felsher is practicing medicine in Chicago. His office is at 2756 West Division Street. '29 — Robert J. Mason has a residency in pediatrics at the Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit. '29 — Stuyvesant Butler is assistant resi- dent in Medicine at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Boston. '29— H. D. Moor has been made head of the Department of Bacteriology at the Uni versity of Oklahoma Medicai School, Okla homa City. '29 — Richard L. Jenkins is instructor in Physiology at the University of Chicago. "Marketing Investigations" and "What Place has the Advertising Agency in Market Research?" by William J. Reilly, associate professor of business administration in the University of Texas. '14 — Tomàs Confesor, Manila, is now serving his third term as a member of the House of Representatives of the Philip- pines. He is chairman of the Committee on the City of Manila, and is a member of six other important committees, including those on commerce and industry, banks and corporations, and public works. '17 — Guy R. Charlesworth is now audi tor and office manager for the Moloch Foundry and Machine Company, Kau- kana, Wisconsin. '20 — H. B. Allinsmith is now assistant export manager for Electric Research Prod ucts, Inc., Maplewood, New Jersey. '21 — Joseph B. Hall was appointed ex ecutive secretary of the Chicago Mortgage Bankers Association this year. '21 — Elis S. Hoglund is general factory manager of General Motors Nordiska, Stockholm, Sweden. '21 — H. J. McCarty recently became sales and advertising manager for the American Cereal Coffee Company, Chicago '23 — Cari D. Benson recently became a partner in the Ford agency of C. E. Commerce and Administration THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 169 FORTUNE TIME, Inc. Publishers NOW, after two years of investigation and preparation, Time, Inc., announces the publication on January 25th of a de luxe monthly magazine. Its subject is Business. Its purpose is to reflect Industriai Life in ink and paper and word and picture as the finest skyscraper reflects it in stone and steel and architecture. The magazines name is Fortune, since it deals with the factors which control the fortunes of every man. Its price is $10 the year. Business takes Fortune to the tip of the wing of the airplane and through the depths of the ocean along be-barnacled cables. It forces Fortune to peer into dazzling furnaces and into the f aces of bankers. Fortune must follow the chemist to the brink of worlds newer than Columbus found and it must jog with freight cars across Nevada's desert. Fortune is involved in the fashions of flappers and in glass made from sand. It is packed in millions of cans and saluted by Boards of Directors on the pinnacles of skyscrapers. Mountains diminish, rivers change their course, and thirty million people assemble nightly at the cinema. Into ali these matters Fortune will inquire with unbridled curiosity. And, above ali, Fortune will make its discoveries clear, coherent, vivid, so that the reading of it may be one of the keenest pleasures in the life of every subscriber. The first number of Fortune will be sent only to Originai Subscribers in the order of application. Subscription orders ($10 the year) should be sent to Time, Inc., Subscription Department, 350 East 22nd Street, Chicago, Illinois. Mailed promptly, the order form below will enroll you as an Originai Subscriber. TIME, Inc., Subscription Dept., 350 East 22nd Street, Chicago, 111. Gentlemen: You may enroll me as an Originai Subscriber to Fortune, and send me a bill for $10 with the first issue. Name 170 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE Malone & Company, Apache, Oklahoma. '25 — Ernest J. Thuesen is auditor and credit manager in the Kansas City Office of the Consolidated Cement Corporation. 92S — Arthur J. Frentz is sales manager for the Credit Alliance Corporation. '25 — Theodore Koester is city secretary of the City of Corpus Christi, Texas. '27 — Sui-Hung Liu, A.M., is manager of the leather department of S. D. Ren & Co., Shanghai, China. '&9 — W. G. Bennett, A.M., has been ap pointed associate professor in commercial subjects at the University cf Toronto. '97— A. R. E. Wyant, D.B., M.D., has been a highly successful practicing physician in Chicago for many years. For ten years after graduation he was pastor of the Mor gan Park Baptist Church. He has now set aside a fund equal to the total salary he received as pastor as a memorial to his son who died in infancy, to be known as the Eri Hulbert Wyant Memorial Fund, the inter est to be used for philanthropic and religious purposes. '02 — Alva J. Brasted, D.B., formerly major chaplain, department of the Philip- pines, has been transferred to Fort Logan, Colorado. Major Brasted was ranking chaplain in the Philippine Department. The transfer to Colorado was a promotion. '05 — John Ray Ewers, D.B., D.D., has completed twenty years as pastor of the East End Christian Church in Pittsburgh. During his pastorate the church has in- creased four-fold in size and a half million dollar building has been erected. '09 — Roy H. Barrett, D.B., secretary of the Nevada Sierra Baptist Convention, was granted the honorary D.D. degree by his alma mater, Ottawa University, at the June, 1929, Convocation. 'lì— Herbert Waldo Hines, D.B., Ph.D. J22, is the author of Clough — Kingdom Builder in South India, recently published by the Judson Press, Philadelphia. The book is prepared especially to meet the needs of study groups of young people. '29 — John P. Chole is an accountant with Frazer & Torbet, Chicago. '29 — Walter T. Lillie is staff assistant to the controller, the Walgreen Company, Chi cago. '29 — L. C. Shephard is now advertising manager for the Monthly Journal of the International City Managers' Association. '29 — Joseph H. Bramson is credit mana ger of the Rosenthal Lumber Company, Chicago. '29 — Albert F. Bridgman, A.M., is as sistant supervisor with the Walgreen Drug Company, Chicago. '13 — T. Torrance Phelps, D.B., is pastor of the First Congregational Church, Kala- mazoo, Michigan, which has just completed the erection of a beautiful Gothic building. The church has published a beautiful volume telling in detail the story of the church. '20— Byron S. Stoffer, A.M., D.B. '22, is now principal of the American College at Madura, South India. '23 — Robert C. Stanger, A.M., is pastor of Grace Evangelical Church of Chicago, which has just completed the first unit of a new church plant. The part completed is the church auditorium and Sunday School assembly hall. The building is in Tudor Gothic architecture. Mr. Stagner has been at work in this field since June, 1923, and has seen it grow from a small mission charge to a strong church of over four hundred members. Dedication of the new church was held on November 4. '25— Roy H. Johnson, A.M., Ph.D. '29, has accepted appointment as professor and head of the Department of History, Thiel College, Greenville, Pennsylvania. Thiel College is a Lutheran college of liberal arts with an enrollment of about three hun dred. '26 — Marion H. Dunsmore, Ph.D., for merly Professor of Bible and Religious Edu cation in Hiram College, Hiram, Ohio, has accepted a position as Professor of Biblical Literature and Religious Education in Divinity THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 171 Permanent Teaching Positions at Better Pay We help you to more lasting tenure, larger opportunities and better pay. The years of experience of our personnel as teachers and executives in public schools and colleges add tothe recognized efficiency of this organization an understanding of the needsof both teachers and officiate. The result is better qualified teachers in positions of more opportunity — greater efficiency and fewer changes. Our more than forty years of nation wide experience in placing college teachers and executives, superin- tendents, principals and secondary teachers promotes the satisfaction and progress of both individuai and schools. Write for Information C. E. GOODELL, President and General Manager TEACHERS 28 È A$T JACKSON BLVD. AGENCY Address Dept. S Vhìcago THE YATES- FISHER TEACHERS' AGENCY Established igoó Paul Yates, Manager 6l6-62o SOUTH MICHIGAN AVENUE CHICAGO THE J. M. HAHN TEACHERS AGENCY A Western Placement Bureau Elementary, Secondary, College Always in quest of outstanding educators for important positions. Teachers with high- er degrees in demand. Doctors of Phi- losophy urgently needed for college and university positions now listed. J. M. Hahn and Bianche Tucker Managers 2161 Shattuck Ave. Berkeley, California Albert Teachers' Agency 25 E. Jackson Blvd., Chicago Last June a Dean of a large Col lege spent three days in Chicago with nine positions to fili — one Head of Department and eight Instructors. Seven of these, including the Head of the Department, were filled by this office. He is only one of the many College Heads that cali here every year for assistance. Our regu- lar clients from year to year are the best Colleges, Universities, Teachers* Colleges, City and Suburban High Schools, Private Schools, — the best schools from ali parts of the country. The alertness of our Managers and the efficiency of our service play a large part in securing and holding our patronage. University of Chi cago students who want to get well located are invited to cali at our office or send for free booklet. Other Offices: New York, Spokane, Wichita CHICAGO COLLEGIATE BUREAU of OCCUPATIONS A non-profit organization sponsored by Univer sity Alumnae Clubs in Chicago. Vocational Information and Placement Social Service — Scientific — Home Economics Business Well qualified women, with and without ex perience come to us from ali over the country for new positions. Service to Employer and Employee Mrs. Marguerite Hewitt McDaniel Managing Director 5 So. Wabash Ave., Chicago, Illinois Clark -Brewer Teachers Agency Established 1882 Six Offices Cover the Country— Registra- tion in any one means Permanent Registration in ali without extra charge. Big High School and College business. Chicago, 64 E. Jackson Blvd.; Pittsburgh, Jenkins Arcade; New York, Flatiron Building; Minneapolis, Globe Building; Kansas City, New York Life Building; Spokane, Chamber of Commerce Building. Ali members of National Association of Teachers Agencies. Publishers of Brewers National Educational Directory and The Teacher and the Teachers Agency. 172 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE Kalamazoo College, Kalamazoo, Michigan. '27 — Eric W. Grimshaw, A.M., has ac cepted a position as director of religious edu cation in the Central Congregational Church, Worcester, Massachusetts. '28 — Elva M. Westbrook, A.M., is now research assistant in the Research Bureau of the International Council of Religious Edu cation. '29— Merrill E. Gaddis, Ph.D., and Bernard E. Meland, Ph.D., have accepted professojrships in Central College, Fayette, Missouri, where they are now teaching. '29— Henry E. Alien, A.M., will spend Elinor Nims, Ph.D., '26, has resigned her position at the University of Kentucky and has taken a position as Instructor of Child Welfare in the School of Applied Social Science in Western Reserve Uni versity. Arlien Johnson, Fellow 1927-28 and In structor in thè School for the last year, has gone to an associate professorship at the University of Oregon and will act as As sistant Director of The School of Social Work at Portland. H. C. Chang, A.M., '29, who has been in Chicago for two years, has returned to his position on the faculty of Yenching Uni versity at Peking. China. William W. Burke, formerly a Fellow and later Assistant Professor in the School, has taken a position as Associate Professor of Child Welfare at Washington Uni versity, St. Louis, in the Department of Social Work. Louis Evans, A.M., '29, has taken Mr. Burke's place as head of the department of the placement of dependent colored children of the Joint Service Bur eau of Children's Institutions in Chicago. Julia K. Drew, A.M., '29, has returned to her position as superintendent of visiting teachers and attendance ofEcers in Min neapolis. Miss Drew has had a year's leave of absence with the fall quarter in Italy and the winter, spring, and summer quarters at the University. the ensuing year in Constantinople, Turkey, where he will study the religious attitudes of the people. Mr. Alien holds a fellowship of the National Council on Religion in Higher Education. Hai E. Norton, Vice President of Ottawa University, Ottawa, Kansas, was honored with the D.D. degree by his alma mater, Central College, Pella, Iowa. E. A. Hanley, D.D., who for several years has been pastor of the First Baptist Church, Berkeley, California, has accepted the cali of the Park Baptist Church, St. Paul. Merle Irwin, A.M., '29, and Francelia Stuenkel, A.M., '24, have received appoint- ments as vocational advisers of the Bureau of Vocational Guidance of the Chicago Board of Education. Lucilie Proser, Ph.B., '29, is a case worker with the Jewish Home Finding Society of Chicago. David Dressler, Ph.B., '28, is the Execu tive Director of the Jewish Community Center of Fulton County, Gloversville, New York. John Glendenning, who held a Fellow ship during the past year, is now a district supervisor in the Family Service Organiza tion of Louisville, Kentucky. Lou-Eva Longan, formerly Assistant Head Resident of the University of Chicago Settlement and Graduate Assistant in the School of Social Service Administration, is now Supervisor of St. Christopher's at Dobbs-Ferry-on-Hudson, New York. Associate Professor Harrison A. Dobbs has undertaken the supervision of a Study of Reformatories for Juvenile Dependents in various parts of the United States. The field work in California will be done under the supervision of Mr. Dobbs by William Maynard, A.M. 1929, and Donald Hart- zell, who was a Leila Houghteling Fellow in 1928-29. The Graduate School of Social Service Administration NEWS OF THE CLASSES Doctors of Philosophy David H. Stevens, Ph.D. '14, Associate Dean of the Faculties and the officiai Uni versity representative to the Alumni Coun cil, has been granted a six-months' leave of absence from January 1 , in order to assist the General Education Boards in studies relating to college education and to schools of education. Dave's ad interim title is Director of College Education of the Gen eral Education Board. Delbert E. Wobbe, Ph.D. '26, resigned his appointment as Professor of Chemistry, State Teachers' College, New Mexico, to take charge of the Department of Chemistry of Iowa Wesleyan College at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. John D. Xan, Ph.D. '26, is Professor of Chemistry at Battle Creek College, Michi gan. James B. Culbertson, Ph. D. 27, resigned his position as Professor of Chemistry, Iowa Wesleyan College, to accept a Chair in Chemistry at Cornell College in Iowa. Willis C. Pierce, Ph.D. 1928, has re signed his appointment as Assistant Pro fessor at the University of South Dakota to accept a position as Instructor and Curator in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Chicago. Law '12 — William P. McCracken Jr., former Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Aero- nautics has accepted the chairmanship of the board of directors of the New York-Rio- Janeiro-Buenos Aires Air Line. He is also special counsel for the Western Air Ex press and the Goodyear Zeppelin Corpor ation. Bill will continue in the practice pf law with offices in New York and Wash ington. '18 — Charles A. Logan is now living on his "Homestead Ranch" on the Silver Bell Road, thirteen miles northwest of Tucson, Arizona, in the foothills of the Tucson Mountains *22 — William C. Bausch is a member of the Legai Department of the Illinois Life Insurance Company, 12 12 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago. The Swing of the Pendulum FROM meatless to sweetless diets and back again! Swinging through periods of over- emphasis on this kind of food or that kind of food, the pendulum comes to rest on the common- sense principle of a balanced diet. We advocate a mixed and bal anced diet including meat. Milk, butter, cheese, cereals, bread- stuffs, sweets, fresh fruits, and vegetables ali contribute valuable and necessary elements. But for appetizing meals, it is common experience that these other foods must be centered around meat. True, the swing of the pendu lum is spectacular. Fads in food attract wide attention. But the greater the are of the swing, the stronger become those forces which compel a return tocommon- sense balance. Meat then remains a staple article of diet. Praised by those of us who like a well turned chop or juicy steak. Recommended by scientists, who realize that the stability of normal meals is basic ... in spite of pendulum swings to one new fad or another. Not only is meat good for you, but equally important, it is also good to eat. If you are one of the great majority who eat for pleasure as well as for health, you will find Swift's food produets particularly appetizing. Moreover, special care in their preparation preserves and develops body-building ele ments to the highest degree. Swift & Company 174 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE January Sale BOOKS Many splendid items now at special prices. These consist of soiled or damaged copies, new remainder bargains, overstocks, and lines that are being dis- continued. // you like Real Bargains pian a trip now to the U. of C. Bookstore 5802 Ellis Ave. - JOHN HANCOCK SERIES - A PROBLEM for HOME MAKERS Is the management of The Family Income. OUR HOME BUDGET SHEET is designed to cover one month's record of income and outgo. It is an Account Sheet for both the Beginner and the Budget-wise. Sent FREE on request. Inquiry Bureau Life Insurance Company^ of Boston. Massachusetts 197 Clarendon St., Boston, Mass. Please send me FREE copy of the John Hancock Home Budget Sheet. (I enclose 2c. to cover postage.) Name Address — OVER SIXTY-SIX YEARS IN BUSINESS '26 — George F. Sammons is living in Kentland, Indiana, where he is practicing law with the firm of Sammons & Sammons. '29 — Leland Larsen is practicing law in Salt Lake City. '29 — Leroy W. Dahlberg, after passing the State Bar Examination in November, sailed in January for Japan as the first stopping place on a round-the- world trip. He combines business and pleasure on the trip as he represents the Kelvinator Cor poration, which is about to organize a branch in the Orient. MARRIAGES BIRTHS, ENGAGEMENTS DEATHS Marriages Maxwell P. Barovsky, '17, M.D. '19, to Esther Stein, October 17, 1929. At home, 2842 Sheridan Road, Chicago. Marshal W. Meyer, '23, M.D. '27, to Isabel Scribner, in June, 1929. At home, 4788 Elston Avenue, Chicago. Elizabeth C. Lengnick, '24, to Charles R. Danielson, '25, September 14, 1929. At home, 3730 Eighty-first Street, Jackson Heights, Long Island, New York. Marie Louise Prentice, '25, to Harold G. Hatchard, October 12, 1929. At home, Hingham, Massachusetts. Bertha Tepper, '27, to Milton Mayer, ex '29, September 13, 1929. At home, 5514 Blackstone Avenue, Chicago. Engagements William M. McMillan, '22, M.D. '25, to Elizabeth Griffith of St. Joseph, Mis souri. William A. F. Stephenson, '27, to Mary Frances Bowen, '28. Kenneth A. Rouse, '28, to Helen King, '28. BlRTHS To William C. Craver, 'n, and Mrs. Craver, a daughter, Nadina Louise, Aprii 14, 1929, at Raleigh, North Carolina. To Lawrence Whiting, ex '13, and Mrs. NEWS OF THE CLASSES AND ASSOCIATIONS 175 Whiting, a daughter, December 5, 1929» at Chicago. To Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Schroeder (Marian Cole) '16, M.D. '18, a daughter, Elizabeth, November 12, 1929, at Chicago. To Roy W. Johns, '24, J.D. '25, and Mrs. Johns, a son, Comet Cornwall, No vember 26, 1929, at Chicago. To Willis L. Zorn, '24, and Mrs. Zorn, a daughter, in July, 1929, at Eau Claire, Wisconsin. To Captain and Mrs. C. F. Sutherland (Eleanor Troeger), ex '26, a daughter, Margaret Carlisle, at Stillwater, Okla homa. Deaths Alfred E. Barr, '80, March 19, 1929, at his home in Chicago. Mr. Barr was a member of the firm Barr, Barr & Corcoran with offices at io South LaSalle Street. Ernest A. Balch, Ph.D. '98, June 26, 1928, at Kalamazoo, Michigan. At the time of his death he was head of the His tory Department of Kalamazoo College, and mayor of Kalamazoo. David H. Boyd, M.D. 'oi, August 25, 1929, at his home in Wichita, Kansas. William F. Tibbetts, Ph.D. 'oi, March 11, 1929, at 155 Carroll Place, New Brighton, Staten Island, New York. Edward E. Slosson, Ph.D. '02, October 15, 1929, in Washington, D. C, after an illness of several months with heart disease. Dr. Slosson was successively professor of chemistry at the University of Wyoming, chemist of the Wyoming agricultural ex periment station, literary editor of The Independent and associate professor at the Columbia school of journalism until 1920, when he went to Washington as director of science service. Fred G. Frink, S.M. '02, September 30, 1929, at Kankakee, Illinois. Mr. Frink was a retired civil engineer, and formerly connected with the Universities of Oregon and Idaho as Professor of Railway and Civil Engineering. Robert Smith, M.D. '03, December 15, 1929, at the Presbyterian Hospital, Chi cago. Dr. Smith had practiced medicine in Chicago for twenty-five years. During the Stephens College Columbia, Missouri A Junior College for Women Fully Accredited by the University of Chicago Let Us Teli You About the Four Year Junior College Course for Your Daughter JAMES M. WOOD President UNIVERSITY COLLEGE The downtown department of The Univer sity of Chicago, 116 S. Michigan Avenue, wishes the Alumni of the University and their friends to know that it offers Evening, Late Afternoon and Saturday Classes Two-Hour Sessions Once or Twice a Week Courses Credited Toward University Degrees The Spring Quarter begins Mon., Mar. 31, 1930 Registration Period, March 22 to 30 For Information, Address Dean, C. F. Huth# University College, University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. Abbot Academy 1828-1930 For a Century One of New England's Leading Schools for Girls. National Patronage Advanced Courses for High School Graduates. College Preparation. Ex* ceptional Opportunities in Art and Music. Outdoor Sports. Address: Bertha Bailey, Principal Box P, Andover, Massachusetts OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 176 THE UNIVERSITY WOODWORTH'S for BOOKS The largest stock of books on the South Side 1311 East 57th Street Near Kimbark Avenue Telephones Hyde Park 1690, 7737 Paul H. Davis, 'n Herbert I. Markham, Ex. '06 Ralph W. Davis, '16 Walter M. Giblin, '23 Paal RDavìs &60. Members NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE CHICAGO STOCK EXCHANGE 37 South LaSalle Street Telephone Franklin 8622 CHICAGO J. Alton Lauren, '19 J. Alton Lauren and Co. 139 N. Clark St. Randolph 2068 war he served as a captain in the Medicai Corps. Newell H. Bullock, M.D. 'o8, Novem- ber 13, 1929, in San Francisco, California. For twenty-five years Dr. Bullock had practiced medicine and surgery in San Jose, California. He was president of the Santa Clara County Tuberculosis Association and had been city school physician for many years. Joshua Stevenson Jr., '15, December 24, 1929, when struck on the head by the sharp point of a heavy icicle. He was a member of the basketball squad fifteen years ago and was captain in his senior year. Frances H. Baker, '16, October 12, 1929, at her home, 1651 Greenfield Avenue, Los Angeles. For a number of years she was a teacher in the English Department at East High School, Cleveland, Ohio. Bessie Smart, A.M. '28, Aprii 14, 1929, at her home, Council Hill, Illinois. She was teaching at the John Sneed Seminary, Boaz, Alabama, a home mission school, until just before her death. MOSER SHORTHAND COLLEGE A business school of distinction Special Three Months' Intensive Course for university graduates or undergraduates given quarterly Bulletìn on Request Paul Moser, J. D., Ph. B. 116 S. Michigan Ave. Chicago John J. Cleary, Jr., '14 175 W. Jackson Blvd., Wabash 1240 Eldredge, Carolan, Graham &. Cleary THE FAULKNER SCHOOL FOR GIRLS A DAY SCHOOL FOR GIRLS OF ALL AGES Co-operative with the University of Chicago The school prepares its graduates for ali colleges and universities admitting women. The College Board examinations are given at the school. 4746 Dorchester Avenue MISS ELIZABETH FAULKNER, Principal Tel. Oakland 1423 MISS GEORGENE FAULKNER, Director of Kindergarten ALUMNI PROFESSIONAL DIRECTORY Real Estate Insurance